A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. It is best known for the COFFEE beverage prepared from the beans (SEEDS).
A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.
A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
The biological objects that contain genetic information and that are involved in transmitting genetically encoded traits from one organism to another.

Photoautotrophic culture of Coffea arabusta somatic embryos: photosynthetic ability and growth of different stage embryos. (1/125)

Coffea arabusta somatic embryos were cultured and development of stomata, rate of CO2 fixation or production, chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence were studied in embryos at different stages of development. Cotyledonary and germinated embryos have photosynthetic capacity, although pretreatment at a high photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) (100 micromol m(-2) s(-1)) for 14 d increased photosynthetic ability. Except in a very small number of cases, stomata did not develop fully in precotyledonary stage embryos and were absent in torpedo stage embryos. Low chlorophyll content (90-130 microg g(-1) fresh mass) was noted in torpedo and precotyledonary stage embryos compared with cotyledonary and germinated embryos (300-500 microg g(-1) fresh mass). Due to the absence of stomata and low chlorophyll content in the torpedo and precotyledonary stage embryos, the photosynthetic rate was low and, in some cases, CO2 production was observed. These data suggest that the cotyledonary stage is the earliest stage that can be cultured photoautotrophically to ensure plantlet development. When grown photoautotrophically (in a sugar-free medium with CO2 enrichment in the culture headspace and high photosynthetic photon flux), torpedo and precotyledonary stage embryos lost 20-25% of their initial dry mass after 60 d of culture. However, in cotyledonary and germinated embryos, the dry mass of each embryo increased by 10 and 50%, respectively. By using a porous supporting material, growth (especially root growth) was increased in cotyledonary stage embryos. In addition, photoautotrophic conditions, high PPF (100-150 micromol m(-2) s(-1)) and increased CO2 concentration (1100 micromol mol(-1)) were found to be necessary for the development of plantlets from cotyledonary stage embryos.  (+info)

Photoautotrophic culture of Coffea arabusta somatic embryos: development of a bioreactor for large-scale plantlet conversion from cotyledonary embryos. (2/125)

Somatic embryos were developed from in vitro-grown leaf discs of Coffea arabusta in modified Murashige and Skoog medium under 30 micromol m(-2) s(-1) photosynthetic photon flux (PPF). Cotyledonary stage embryos were selected from the 14-week-old cultures and were placed under a high (100 micromol m(-2) s(-1) PPF for 14 d. These pretreated embryos were grown photoautotrophically in three different types of culture systems: Magenta vessel; RITA-bioreactor (modified to improve air exchange); and a specially designed temporary root zone immersion bioreactor system (TRI-bioreactor) with forced ventilation. The aims of the study were to achieve large-scale embryo-to-plantlet conversion, and to optimize growth of plantlets under photoautotrophic conditions. The plantlet conversion percentage was highest (84 %) in the TRI-bioreactor and lowest in the modified RITA-bioreactor (20 %). Growth and survival of converted plantlets following 45 d of photoautotrophic culture in each of the three culture systems were studied. Fresh and dry masses of leaves and roots of plantlets developed in the TRI-bioreactor were significantly greater than those of plantlets developed in the modified RITA-bioreactor or Magenta vessel. The net photosynthetic rate, chlorophyll fluorescence and chlorophyll contents were also highest in plantlets grown in the TRI-bioreactor. Normal stomata were observed in leaves of plantlets grown in the TRI-bioreactor, whereas they could be abnormal in plantlets from the modified RITA-bioreactor. Survival of the plants after transfer from culture followed a similar pattern and was highest in the group grown in the TRI-bioreactor, followed by plants grown in the modified RITA-bioreactor and Magenta vessel. In addition, ex vitro growth of plants transferred from the TRI-bioreactor was faster than that of plants from the other culture systems.  (+info)

Comparison of somatic embryogenesis-derived coffee (Coffea arabica L.) plantlets regenerated in vitro or ex vitro: morphological, mineral and water characteristics. (3/125)

Coffea arabica L. plantlets obtained ex vitro after sowing somatic embryos produced in a bioreactor in horticultural substrate were compared with those obtained in vitro from the same embryo population under conventional culturing conditions on semi-solid media. The intensity and quality of aerial and root system development were compared. Shoot emergence was more efficient in vitro but rooting frequencies were low. In contrast, all ex vitro-regenerated embryos rooted. The cotyledon area of mature embryos produced in a bioreactor positively affected plantlet development when regeneration was carried out ex vitro. Embryos with an intermediate cotyledon area (0.86 cm2) had the highest rates of plant conversion ex vitro (63%), and also resulted in vigorous plantlets. Mortality was higher in nursery conditions, but better plant development was obtained. The quality of plantlets produced under ex vitro conditions was reflected in better growth of the aerial and root systems, and also by similar morphological, mineral and water status characteristics to seedlings. Unlike roots formed on semi-solid media, those produced in soil were branched, fine (30-50% had a diameter of less than 0-5 mm) and they bore root hairs. Leaves of plantlets regenerated ex vitro had a histological structure similar to that of seedling leaves, and a lower stomatal density (100 vs. 233 mm-2). Moreover, they were more turgid, as indicated by higher pressure potential (psiP) (0.91 s. 0.30 MPa) and relative water content values (97 vs. 93%). Furthermore, under in vitro conditions, leaves had larger stomata which were abnormally round and raised. Direct sowing of germinated somatic embryos resulted in the rapid production of vigorous plantlets under ex vitro conditions, whilst removing the need for problematical and costly conventional acclimatization procedures.  (+info)

Transmission of Leishmania in coffee plantations of Minas Gerais, Brazil. (4/125)

Transmission of Leishmania was studied in 27 coffee plantations in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais. Eighteen females and six males (11.6% of the people tested), aged between 7-65 gave a positive response to the Montenegro skin test. Awareness of sand flies based on the ability of respondents to identify the insects using up to seven predetermined characteristics was significantly greater among inhabitants of houses occupied by at least one Mn+ve individual. Five species of phlebotomine sand fly, including three suspected Leishmania vectors, were collected within plantations under three different cultivation systems. Four of these species i.e., Lu. fischeri (Pinto 1926), Lu. migonei (Franca 1920), Lu. misionensis (Castro 1959) and Lutzomyia whitmani (Antunes Coutinho 1939) were collected in an organic plantation and the last of these was also present in the other two plantation types. The remaining species, Lu. intermedia (Lutz Neiva 1912), was collected in plantations under both the "adensado" and "convencional" systems. The results of this study indicate that transmission of Leishmania to man in coffee-growing areas of Minas Gerais may involve phlebotomine sand flies that inhabit plantations.  (+info)

Gene introgression into Coffea arabica by way of triploid hybrids (C. arabica x C. canephora). (5/125)

Interspecific triploid hybrid plants between the tetraploid species Coffea arabica L. and the diploid species C. canephora P. were backcrossed to C. arabica. Although characterised by a low production and an important fruit dropping, all attempted crosses (ie, 6) generated BC(1) progenies. Flow cytometric analysis of the nuclear DNA content revealed that most of the BC1 individuals were nearly tetraploid. Among the male gametes produced by the interspecific triploid hybrids, those presenting a high number of chromosomes appeared strongly favoured. Only pollen mother cells having nearly 22 chromosomes were effective, the others leading to deficient endosperm and fruit dropping. Molecular markers (ie, microsatellite and AFLP) combined with evaluations of morphological characteristics and resistance to leaf rust were applied to verify the occurrence of gene transfer from C. canephora into C. arabica, and to estimate the amount of introgression present in BC(1) individuals. The results reveal a strong deficiency in the C. canephroa alleles indicating a severe counter-selection against the introgression of genetic material from C. canephora into C. arabica by way of triploid hybrids. However, introgressants displaying desirable traits such as a high resistance to leaf rust were obtained. The low level of introgression could be an advantage by facilitating the recovery of the recurrent parent and possibly reducing the number of required backcrosses. On the other hand, this could be a limitation when attempting the transfer of a complex trait or several simply inherited traits.  (+info)

Isolation of a new dual-functional caffeine synthase gene encoding an enzyme for the conversion of 7-methylxanthine to caffeine from coffee (Coffea arabica L.). (6/125)

In coffee and tea plants, caffeine is synthesized from xanthosine via a pathway that includes three methylation steps. We report the isolation of a bifunctional coffee caffeine synthase (CCS1) clone from coffee endosperm by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique using previously reported sequence information for theobromine synthases (CTSs). The predicted amino acid sequences of CCS1 are more than 80% identical to CTSs and are about 40% similar to those of tea caffeine synthase (TCS1). Interestingly, CCS1 has dual methylation activity like tea TCS1.  (+info)

Molecular cloning and functional characterization of three distinct N-methyltransferases involved in the caffeine biosynthetic pathway in coffee plants. (7/125)

Caffeine is synthesized from xanthosine through N-methylation and ribose removal steps. In the present study, three types of cDNAs encoding N-methyltransferases were isolated from immature fruits of coffee (Coffea arabica) plants, and designated as CaXMT1, CaMXMT2, and CaDXMT1, respectively. The bacterially expressed encoded proteins were characterized for their catalytic properties. CaXMT1 catalyzed formation of 7-methylxanthosine from xanthosine with a K(m) value of 78 microM, CaMXMT2 catalyzed formation of 3,7-dimethylxanthine (theobromine) from 7-methylxanthine with a K(m) of 251 microM, and CaDXMT1 catalyzed formation of 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine (caffeine) from 3,7-dimethylxanthine with a K(m) of 1,222 microM. The crude extract of Escherichia coli was found to catalyze removal of the ribose moiety from 7-methylxanthosine, leading to the production of 7-methylxanthine. As a consequence, when all three recombinant proteins and E. coli extract were combined, xanthosine was successfully converted into caffeine in vitro. Transcripts for CaDXMT1 were predominantly found to accumulate in immature fruits, whereas those for CaXMT1 and CaMXMT2 were more broadly detected in sites encompassing the leaves, floral buds, and immature fruits. These results suggest that the presently identified three N-methyltransferases participate in caffeine biosynthesis in coffee plants and substantiate the proposed caffeine biosynthetic pathway: xanthosine --> 7-methylxanthosine --> 7-methylxanthine --> theobromine --> caffeine.  (+info)

Effects of caffeine and chlorogenic acid on propidium iodide accessibility to DNA: consequences on genome size evaluation in coffee tree. (8/125)

Estimates of genome size using flow cytometry can be biased by the presence of cytosolic compounds, leading to pseudo-intraspecific variation in genome size. Two important compounds present in coffee trees-caffeine and chlorogenic acid-modify accessibility of the dye propidium iodide to Petunia DNA, a species used as internal standard in our genome size evaluation. These compounds could be responsible for intraspecific variation in genome size since their contents vary between trees. They could also be implicated in environmental variations in genome size, such as those revealed when comparing the results of evaluations carried out on different dates on several genotypes.  (+info)

"Coffea" is the genus name for the Coffea plant, which belongs to the Rubiaceae family. This plant is native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia, and it is widely cultivated for its seeds, commonly known as coffee beans. These beans are used to produce a popular beverage called coffee, which contains caffeine, a stimulant drug that affects the central nervous system.

Coffee has been consumed for centuries and is one of the most traded commodities in the world. It contains several bioactive compounds, including caffeine, chlorogenic acids, diterpenes, and polyphenols, which have been associated with various health benefits, such as improved cognitive function, increased alertness, and reduced risk of certain diseases like type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease. However, excessive consumption of coffee can lead to adverse effects, including insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, and rapid heart rate.

It is worth noting that the term "Coffea" refers specifically to the plant genus, while "coffee" refers to the beverage produced from its seeds.

Coffee is defined in medical terms as a beverage prepared from the roasted seeds of the Coffea plant. It contains caffeine, a stimulant that can help increase alertness, improve mood, and boost mental and physical performance. Coffee also contains antioxidants and other bioactive compounds that may have health benefits. However, excessive consumption of coffee can lead to side effects such as insomnia, nervousness, restlessness, and rapid heart rate. It's important to consume coffee in moderation and be aware of its potential interactions with medications and medical conditions.

Chlorogenic acid is a type of polyphenolic compound that is found in various plants, including coffee, tea, and several fruits and vegetables. It is a ester of cinnamic acid and quinic acid. Chlorogenic acids are known to have antioxidant properties and may also play a role in regulating glucose metabolism and inhibiting the growth of certain types of cancer cells. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential health benefits and risks associated with chlorogenic acid consumption.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Indian Ocean Islands" is a geographical term referring to the islands located in the Indian Ocean, and not a medical term. However, I can provide some general information about these islands.

The Indian Ocean Islands include a diverse group of island nations and territories, such as Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Mauritius, Comoros, Réunion (a French territory), and the British Indian Ocean Territory (including the Chagos Archipelago). These islands have unique ecosystems and diverse cultures, with flora and fauna that are often endemic to each island. Some of these islands face challenges in terms of healthcare access, resources, and infrastructure due to their remote locations and smaller populations.

Genetic structures refer to the organization and composition of genetic material, primarily DNA, that contain the information necessary for the development and function of an organism. This includes the chromosomes, genes, and regulatory elements that make up the genome.

Chromosomes are thread-like structures located in the nucleus of a cell that consist of DNA coiled around histone proteins. They come in pairs, with most species having a specific number of chromosomes in each set (diploid).

Genes are segments of DNA that code for specific proteins or RNA molecules, and they are the basic units of heredity. They can be located on chromosomes and can vary in length and complexity.

Regulatory elements are non-coding sequences of DNA that control the expression of genes by regulating when, where, and to what extent a gene is turned on or off. These elements can include promoters, enhancers, silencers, and insulators.

Overall, genetic structures provide the blueprint for an organism's traits and characteristics, and understanding their organization and function is crucial in fields such as genetics, genomics, and molecular biology.

ex Hook.f. Coffea gallienii Dubard Coffea grevei Drake ex A.Chev. Coffea heimii J.-F.Leroy Coffea homollei J.-F.Leroy Coffea ... Kester Coffea leonimontana Stoff. Coffea leroyi A.P.Davis Coffea liaudii J.-F.Leroy ex A.P.Davis Coffea liberica Hiern Coffea ... Coffea bonnieri Dubard Coffea brassii (J.-F.Leroy) A.P.Davis Coffea brevipes Hiern Coffea bridsoniae A.P.Davis & Mvungi Coffea ... Coffea humbertii J.-F.Leroy Coffea humblotiana Baill. Coffea humilis A.Chev. Coffea jumellei J.-F.Leroy Coffea kapakata (A.Chev ...
... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Drilliidae. The ovate shell has an acuminate ... Clavus coffea (Smith E. A., 1882). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 5 April 2010. Smith, E.A. (1882a), ... Sealifebase.org : Clavus coffea Tucker, J.K. 2004 Catalog of recent and fossil turrids (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa 682:1- ... Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 5, 10, 206-218 "Clavus coffea". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 12 January 2019. ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coffea racemosa. Wikispecies has information related to Coffea racemosa. World Checklist ... Coffea racemosa is an open-branched shrub or small tree growing up to 3.5 m (11 ft) tall. It has white to pinkish singular ... Coffea racemosa is endemic to the coastal forest belt between northern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa and Zimbabwe, found in an ... Coffea racemosa, also known as racemosa coffee and Inhambane coffee, is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. ...
... , also known as kapakata, is a putative species of plant in the genus Coffea, more commonly known as coffee, ... 2017). "Coffea kapakata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T18537573A18539511. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS. ... "Coffea kapakata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T18537573A18539511. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS. ... Coffea, Flora of Angola, Taxa named by Diane Mary Bridson, Taxa named by Auguste Chevalier). ...
... is a species of plant from the family Rubiaceae. It is a largely unknown coffee bean found in West Africa. " ... "Coffea affinis De Wild". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved January 4, ... Davis, Aaron P.; Gargiulo, Roberta; Fay, Michael F.; Sarmu, Daniel; Haggar, Jeremy (2020). "Lost and Found: Coffea stenophylla ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Coffea, Flora ...
... (common name: coffee mitre) is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mitridae, ... Gastropods.com : Mitra (Mitra) coffea; accessed : 13 December 2010 v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... in the Pacific Ocean along Tahiti and Hawaii Strigatella coffea (Schubert & Wagner, 1829). Retrieved through: World Register of ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. It is a shrub species of Coffea that is endemic to ... The plant is unusual among Coffea species in having adventitious roots. Chadburn, H.; Davis, A.P. (2017). "Coffea magnistipula ... Stoffelen, Piet; Robbrecht, Elmar; Smets, Erik (1997). "Adapted to the rain forest floor: A remarkable new dwarf Coffea ( ... Coffea, Flora of Gabon, Flora of Cameroon, All stub articles, Ixoroideae stubs). ...
Linnaeus placed it in its own genus Coffea in 1737. Coffea arabica is one of the polyploid species of the genus Coffea, as it ... Specifically, Coffea arabica is itself the result of a hybridization between the diploids Coffea canephora and Coffea ... The natural populations of Coffea arabica are restricted to the forests of South Ethiopia and Yemen. Coffea arabica was first ... Coffea arabica is also found on Mount Marsabit in northern Kenya, but it is unclear whether this is a truly native or ...
... is classified under the Rubiaceae family and the genus of Coffea. They are currently 120 species of Coffea ... Coffea charrieriana, also known as Charrier coffee, is a species of flowering plant from the Coffea genus. It is a caffeine- ... Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora, dominate worldwide coffee plant production, making up 99% of produce. This plant is ... This structure is quite similar to those found in other Coffea species. However, comparatively to other Coffea species, the ...
... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae. The shell grows to a ... Clathromangelia coffea Kuroda, Habe & Oyama, 1971. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 16 August 2011. ... xix, 1-741 (Japanese text), 1-489 (English text), 1-51 (Index), pls 1-121 "Clathromangelia coffea". Gastropods.com. Retrieved ...
... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Borsoniidae. The length of the shell ... Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer Valdivia 1898-1899 "Tomopleura (Tomopleura) coffea". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 ... WoRMS (2015). Tomopleura coffea. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www. ...
... , commonly known as the coffee bean snail, is a species of small air-breathing salt marsh snail, a pulmonate ... Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas Malacolog info, spelling Melampus coffea (Articles with short description, Short ... bidentatus is slightly larger and is more likely to be found in a salt marsh as opposed to mangrove habitat for Melampus coffea ... Rosenberg, G. (2014). Melampus coffea (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www. ...
"Coffea abbayesii". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 2018-11-20. "Coffea abbayesii". ... Coffea abbayesii is an endangered species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. It is endemic to Madagascar. It was ... Coffea abbayesii is native to Andohahela National Park and a few other nearby locations in southeastern Madagascar. It is ... "Coffea abbayesii". ipni.org. International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2018-11-20. v t e (Articles with short description, ...
... is a species of Coffea found in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal. It is primarily found in tropical and ... "Coffea benghalensis in Tropicos)". Chadburn, H. & Davis, A.P. 2018. (2018). "Coffea benghalensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened ... Media related to Coffea benghalensis at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Coffea benghalensis at Wikispecies (CS1 maint: ... Chadburn, H.; Davis, A.P. (2018). "Coffea benghalensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T18289905A18539081. doi: ...
Coffea arabica Coffea charrieriana Chadburn, H.; Davis, A.P. (2017). "Coffea canephora". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... Coffea canephora (esp. C. canephora var. robusta, so predominantly cultivated that it is often simply termed Coffea robusta, or ... Coffea robusta represents between 40% and 45% of global coffee production, with Coffea arabica constituting most of the ... It was not recognized as a species of Coffea until 1897, over a hundred years after Coffea arabica. It is also reportedly ...
... , also known as highland coffee or Sierra Leone coffee, is a species of Coffea originating from West Africa. ... because its low yield and small berries make it inferior to the two economically dominant species Coffea arabica and Coffea ... "Coffea stenophylla". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-06-02. "'Amazing' New Beans Could ... 2017). "Coffea stenophylla". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T18538903A18539566. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS. ...
Coffea dewevrei, Coffea dybowskii and Coffea excelsa were formerly considered as separate species but were reclassified in 2006 ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coffea liberica. Coffea liberica, United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization ... Coffea liberica trees are very tall, reaching up to 20 m (66 ft) high. They are harvested using ladders. The size of the ... Coffea liberica, commonly known as the Liberian coffee, is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae from which ...
coffea is a fungal plant pathogen infecting coffee. Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database v t e v t e (Articles with short ...
COCE is the name of a research project and stands for "Conservation and Use of Wild Populations of Coffea arabica in the ... The montane rain forests in southeast Ethiopia, the birthplace of wild Coffea arabica, were the origin of a large part of ... modern commercially used Coffea breeds. Due to the dwindling size of the montane rain forests as a result of clearing, the ...
... is approved in the United States for hops, Rubus spp., Coffea spp., bushberries, tropical crops, drupes/stone fruit ...
CWD was first seen in Coffea liberica. Main hosts Coffea arabica (arabica coffee) Coffea canephora (robusta coffee) Coffea ... Coffea sp. should not be replanted in soil for six months to avoid infection of seedlings. Care when weeding around coffee ...
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2020). "Dendropsophus coffea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e. ...
Pax Coffea. Retrieved 2018-11-19. "NMSU to honor Carl Faubion and Rose Marie Valdes Pangborn as Aggie Legends". NMSU News ...
Coffea arabica; Coffea canephora or C. robusta (INTRODUCED) kaimito - caimito; Chrysophyllum caninito Linn.; star apple ( ...
The most economically important member of the family is the genus Coffea used in the production of coffee. Coffea includes 124 ... Coffea arabica is the national flower of Yemen. Ixora coccinea is the national flower of Suriname. Warszewiczia coccinea is the ... A wide variety of growth forms are present: shrubs are most common (e.g. Coffea, Psychotria), but members of the family can ... The fruit is a berry, capsule (e.g. Oldenlandia), drupe (e.g. Coffea, Psychotria), or schizocarp (e.g. Cremocarpon). Red fruits ...
"I Am King: Jessica Rich X Jon B Talk Golden Souls". COFFEA Magazine. April 4, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2019. "Black History ...
Robyns Craterispermum schweinfurthii Hiern Coffea eugenioides S.Moore Coffea racemosa Lour. Coffea zanguebariae Lour. Guettarda ...
4-Dimethoxycinnamic acid levels as a tool for differentiation of Coffea canephora var. Robusta and Coffea arabica". Food ...
Coffea G (March 2002). "Collodictyon triciliatum and Diphylleia rotans (=Aulacomonas submarina) form a new family of ...
Coffea L. Coffea L. Coleactina N.Hallé = Leptactina Hook.f. Colladonia Spreng. = Palicourea Aubl. Colleteria David W.Taylor = ... Coffea L. Psilanthus Hook.f. = Coffea L. Psilobium Jack = Acranthera Arn. ex Meisn. Psilostoma Klotzsch ex Eckl. & Zeyh. = ... Coffea L. Hexodontocarpus Dulac = Sherardia L. Heymia Dennst. = Dentella J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. Higginsia Blume = Hypobathrum ... Coffea L. Nesohedyotis (Hook.f.) Bremek. Nettlera Ridl. = Carapichea Aubl. Neurocalyx Hook. Neurocarpaea R.Br. = Pentas Benth. ...
ex Hook.f. Coffea gallienii Dubard Coffea grevei Drake ex A.Chev. Coffea heimii J.-F.Leroy Coffea homollei J.-F.Leroy Coffea ... Kester Coffea leonimontana Stoff. Coffea leroyi A.P.Davis Coffea liaudii J.-F.Leroy ex A.P.Davis Coffea liberica Hiern Coffea ... Coffea bonnieri Dubard Coffea brassii (J.-F.Leroy) A.P.Davis Coffea brevipes Hiern Coffea bridsoniae A.P.Davis & Mvungi Coffea ... Coffea humbertii J.-F.Leroy Coffea humblotiana Baill. Coffea humilis A.Chev. Coffea jumellei J.-F.Leroy Coffea kapakata (A.Chev ...
Coffea species Coffea arabica Name. Synonyms. Coffea arabica f. abyssinica A.Chev.. Coffea arabica subsp. abyssinica A.Chev.. ... Coffea arabica subsp. culta A.Chev.. Coffea arabica subsp. cultoides A.Chev.. Coffea arabica subsp. erecta Ottol.. Coffea ... Coffea arabica subsp. monosperma Ottol. & Cramer. Coffea arabica subsp. murta Lalière. Homonyms. Coffea arabica L.. Coffea ... Coffea arabica subsp. amarella A.Froehner. Coffea arabica subsp. angustifolia Cramer. Coffea arabica subsp. bourbon Rodr.. ...
Coffea horsfieldiana. Taxonomy ID: 1481293 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid1481293). current name. Coffea ...
Crescimento e maturação do fruto de café (Coffea arabica L.) em sistema arborizado e em monocultivo ... Growth and Maturation of coffee fruit (Coffea arabica L.) in a shading system and in monocrop ...
Quebec City-based Coffea Group Inc., founded in 2007, said it is revolutionizing the way coffee is brewed with its invention of ... Coffea NEXT 3.0 is said to be the worlds only limitless vacuum extraction coffee brewer. From bean to cup or leaf to cup, a ... As a result, Coffea can merge the subtle precision of historical brewing traditions with todays state-of-the-art technology. ... From bean to cup or leaf to cup, paper (or bag) or paperless (or bagless), the NEXT machines are a continuation of Coffeas ...
Among 125 coffee species known so far, only two coffee species, Coffea arabica (arabica coffee) and Coffea canephora (robusta ... Somatic Embryogenesis and Genetic Homogeneity Assessment in Coffea - Recent Approaches. Author(s): Manoj Kumar Mishra*, Arun ... Somatic Embryogenesis and Genetic Homogeneity Assessment in Coffea - Recent Approaches, Genome Size and Genetic Homogeneity of ...
ARTIGO_Coffee tree (Coffea arabica L.) response to limestone in soil with high aluminum saturation.pdf. 680,54 kB. Adobe PDF. ... Coffee tree (Coffea arabica L.) response to limestone in soil with high aluminum saturation. Coffee Science, Lavras, v. 2, n. 2 ... Embora o cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L.) não seja particularmente sensível à toxidez de alumínio, a espécie apresenta tolerância ... Although Coffea arabica L. is not particularly sensitive to Al toxicity, the species presents different tolerance among ...
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... or Coffea arabica, is a member of the Rubiaceae family. It produces coffee beans and can grow as a houseplant. It has beautiful ... Coffee plant, or Coffea arabica, is a member of the Rubiaceae family. It produces coffee beans - the source of the worlds top ...
Coffea arabica nana Seed Coffee Plant Seed grows into a great houseplant and youll even get a harvest of coffee beans. The ... Decrease quantity for House Plant Coffea arabica nana Coffee Plant Seeds Increase quantity for House Plant Coffea arabica nana ... House Plant Coffea arabica nana Coffee Plant Seeds. House Plant Coffea arabica nana Coffee Plant Seeds ... Coffea arabica nana Seed Coffee Plant. This is a great opportunity to grow this fun house plant and get a harvest of coffee ...
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Coffea. ,. racemosa. ,. image2. Coffea racemosa Lour.. Image: Image details: Species id:. 156210. Image id:. 2. Image number:. ... Flora of Mozambique: Species information: individual images: Coffea racemosa. https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/image ...
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Coffea arabica GeishaCommon name: Geisha Coffee, Arabian Coffee, Arabica CoffeeKingdom: PlantaeClade: TracheophytesClade: ... Botanical nomencltuara: Coffea arabica Geisha. Common name: Geisha Coffee, Arabian Coffee, Arabica Coffee. Kingdom: Plantae. ... Home / Vegetables / Coffee / Coffea arabica var. geisha - Geisha Coffee, Arabian Coffee, Arabica Coffee. ...
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Coffea spp. Cola nut Cola acuminata Schott and Endl., and other spp. of Cola ...
主題 Topic: 《靈丹妙藥的同類療法》- EP54 - 咖啡 Coffea Cruda. 主持人 Hosted by: 袁大明 (自然療法醫生). 嘉賓 Guest: 今集袁醫生向大家介紹以下同類療劑:
But I must explain to you how all this mistaken idea of denouncing pleasure and praising pain was born and I will give you a complete account of the system, and expound the actual teachings of the great explorer of the truth, the master-builder of human happiness. No one rejects, dislikes, or avoids pleasure itself, because it is pleasure, but because those who do not know how to pursue pleasure rationally encounter consequences that are extremely painful. Nor again is there anyone who loves or pursues or desires to obtain pain of itself, because it is pain, but because occasionally circumstances occur in which toil and pain can procure him some great pleasure. To take a trivial example, which of us ever undertakes laborious physical exercise, except to obtain some advantage from it? But who has any right to find fault with a man who chooses to enjoy a pleasure that has no annoying consequences, or one who avoids a pain that produces no resultant pleasure?. ...
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Caracterización química de la fibra dietaría de café (Coffea arabica L.) usado, obtenida mediante calentamiento óhmico. es_ES. ...
  • The tree of Coffea arabica will grow fruits after three to five years, producing for an average of 50 to 60 years, although up to 100 is possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coffea arabica L. (gbif.org)
  • Crescimento e maturação do fruto de café (Coffea arabica L.) em sistema arborizado. (usp.br)
  • Among 125 coffee species known so far, only two coffee species, Coffea arabica (arabica coffee) and Coffea canephora (robusta coffee), are commercially cultivated for beverage production. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Although Coffea arabica L. is not particularly sensitive to Al toxicity, the species presents different tolerance among varieties. (ufla.br)
  • Embora o cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L.) não seja particularmente sensível à toxidez de alumínio, a espécie apresenta tolerância diferencial entre variedades. (ufla.br)
  • Coffee plant, or Coffea arabica, is a member of the Rubiaceae family. (succulentsbox.com)
  • The natural granules in Coffea arabica make it an excellent exfoliator, helping to remove dead skin cells, prevent premature ageing, brighten the skin and reduce the appearance of dark circles and leave the skin soft and smooth. (lavenour.com)
  • Coffea Arabica, coffee plant or coffee tree in glass jar With a plant terrarium from urbanjngl, you get a real eyecatcher in. (urbanjngl.com)
  • Home / Vegetables / Coffee / Coffea arabica var. (ouriquesfarm.com)
  • Potassium Phosphite Activates Components Associated with Constitutive Defense Responses in Coffea arabica Cultivars. (bvsalud.org)
  • The 2 major coffee types are arabica ( Coffea arabica ) and robusta ( Coffea canephora ). (medscape.com)
  • Biologia da flôr do cafeeiro Coffea arabica L. (bvs.br)
  • Coffea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coffea species are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are over 120 species of Coffea, which is grown from seed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Not all Coffea species contain caffeine, and the earliest species had little or no caffeine content. (wikipedia.org)
  • New species of Coffea are still being identified in the 2000s. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011, Coffea absorbed the twenty species of the former genus Psilanthus due to the morphological and genetic similarities between the two genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coffea NEXT 3.0 is said to be the world's only limitless vacuum extraction coffee brewer. (vendingmarketwatch.com)
  • Caffeine has evolved independently in multiple lineages of Coffea in Africa, perhaps in response to high pest predation in the humid environments of West-Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coffea charrieriana, which is caffeine-free, and Coffea anthonyi. (wikipedia.org)
  • With its rich and indulgent flavor, Liqueurious Coffea is a liqueur that you'll want to savor and enjoy with friends and family. (madeinstroud.co.uk)
  • As detailed by Coffea president Alexandre Radosa, this patented brewing system extracts a "remarkable aroma, an exceptional body in the mouth and even the most subtle notes to taste into every cup of coffee. (vendingmarketwatch.com)
  • Somatic Embryogenesis and Genetic Homogeneity Assessment in Coffea - Recent Approaches, Genome Size and Genetic Homogeneity of Regenerated Plants: Methods and Applications (2023) 1: 73. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Green coffee is unroasted coffee beans from Coffea fruits (Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora). (medlineplus.gov)
  • The 2 major coffee types are arabica ( Coffea arabica ) and robusta ( Coffea canephora ). (medscape.com)
  • 12. Chemical partitioning and antioxidant capacity of green coffee (Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora) of different geographical origin. (nih.gov)
  • The elongated leaves of Coffea arabica Gesha form an elegant backdrop to the delicate clusters of cherries that mature along its branches. (plantflowerseeds.com)
  • 10. Nutraceutical compounds: Echinoids, flavonoids, xanthones and caffeine identified and quantitated in the leaves of Coffea arabica trees from three regions of Brazil. (nih.gov)
  • Muksalmina, 2020, 'Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Guano dan Pupuk Growmore Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Kopi Robusta (Coffea robusta L)' ,Jurnal Agrotek, vol.3, no.1, hh.13-20. (politap.ac.id)
  • With patience and attention to these guidelines, successful germination and healthy growth of Coffea arabica seeds can be achieved. (plantflowerseeds.com)
  • Grow your own coffee at home from the seeds of Coffea arabica. (lesswastecoffee.com)
  • The objective of this research was to evaluate the internal morphology of coffee seeds ( Coffea arabica L.) by radiographic image analysis and their relation with germination performance. (usp.br)
  • Coffea arabica Gesha, often referred to as Geisha, stands as a distinguished coffee variety cherished by connoisseurs worldwide. (plantflowerseeds.com)
  • Chilling with ma friends in night,we choose coffea coffee which located in Bangsar. (beautynthebear.com)
  • The role of agroforestry systems in reconciling food and cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) and coffee (Coffea spp. (agroforesta.org)
  • Coffee ( Coffea Arabica ), can be traced back to Ethiopia. (nih.gov)
  • The RefSeq genome records for Coffea eugenioides were annotated by the NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline , an automated pipeline that annotates genes, transcripts and proteins on draft and finished genome assemblies. (nih.gov)
  • Mannan has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as coconuts (Cocos nucifera), arabica coffees (Coffea arabica), asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao), and common hazelnuts (Corylus avellana). (hmdb.ca)
  • Coffea arabica is a bush-like plant with dark green leaves that produces white, fragrant flowers and red fruits. (lesswastecoffee.com)
  • lil Coffea Shop serves delicious, handcrafted beverages, and customized food with superior taste. (lilcoffeashop.com)
  • Plant regeneration via indirect somatic embryogenesis and optimisation of genetic transformation in Coffea arabica L. cvs. (bvsalud.org)