Codonopsis: A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE. The common name of bellflower may sometimes be confused with other plants in the family that have similar appearance.Lipid Regulating Agents: Substances that alter the metabolism of LIPIDS.Lycium: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain CEREBROSIDES and SCOPOLETIN.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Bulimia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Atractylodes: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain hinesol and atractylon. Atractylodes rhizome is Byaku-jutsu. A. lancea rhizome is So-jutsu.Panax notoginseng: A plant species of the genus PANAX. It contains damarane-type tetracyclic TRITERPENES. The common names of Sanchi or Tienchi are also used for Panax pseudoginseng which is distinguished in containing oleanane-type pentacyclic triterpenoids.Flame Retardants: Materials applied to fabrics, bedding, furniture, plastics, etc. to retard their burning; many may leach out and cause allergies or other harm.Meristem: A group of plant cells that are capable of dividing infinitely and whose main function is the production of new growth at the growing tip of a root or stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Campanulaceae: A plant family of the order Campanulales, subclass Asteridae, class MagnoliopsidaLobelia: A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE used medicinally and is a source of LOBELINE.IndiaPlatycodon: A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE that contains platycodin and other triterpenoid SAPONINS. It is a constituent of kikyo-to (MEDICINE, KAMPO).Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Qi: The vital life force in the body, supposedly able to be regulated by acupuncture. It corresponds roughly to the Greek pneuma, the Latin spiritus, and the ancient Indian prana. The concept of life-breath or vital energy was formulated as an indication of the awareness of man, originally directed externally toward nature or society but later turned inward to the self or life within. (From Comparison between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West, 15th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine - East and West, August 26-September 3, 1990, Shizuoka, Japan, pp. ix-x)Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Yin Deficiency: In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, an insufficiency of body fluid (called yinxu), manifesting often as irritability, thirst, constipation, etc. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979).Skin Pigmentation: Coloration of the skin.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Brucea: A plant genus of the family SIMAROUBACEAE. Members contain bruceosides and bruceanols (quassinoids). The astringent seeds have been used to treat dysentery in southeastern Asia.BooksPeriodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Liver Diseases: Pathological processes of the LIVER.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Bryonia: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE that is the source of bryodin 1 (a ribosome-inactivating protein).Rhodiola: A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain rhodioloside. This roseroot is unrelated to the familiar rose (ROSA). Some species in this genus are called stonecrop which is also a common name for SEDUM.Crassulaceae: The stonecrop plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that grow in warm, dry regions. The leaves are thick. The flower clusters are red, yellow, or white.Stellaria: A plant genus of the family CARYOPHYLLACEAE.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Vitamin E: A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Dry Powder Inhalers: A device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Powder Diffraction: Method of using a polycrystalline powder and Rietveld refinement (LEAST SQUARES ANALYSIS) of X-RAY DIFFRACTION or NEUTRON DIFFRACTION. It circumvents the difficulties of producing single large crystals.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Competitive Bidding: Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.Purchasing, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the purchasing of supplies and equipment.Lions: Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.Sea Lions: A group comprised of several species of aquatic carnivores in different genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to FUR SEALS, they have shorter, less dense hair.Tea: The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Immune System: The body's defense mechanism against foreign organisms or substances and deviant native cells. It includes the humoral immune response and the cell-mediated response and consists of a complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.

Codonopsis pilosula (Franch) Nannf total alkaloids potentiate neurite outgrowth induced by nerve growth factor in PC12 cells. (1/8)

AIM: To explore the effect of Codonopsis pilosula (Franch) Nannf total alkaloids (DSA) on differentiation induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) in PC12 cells. METHODS: After culturing PC12 cells with DSA in the presence or absence of NGF, neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells and correlated protein kinases were assayed. RESULTS: DSA alone did not exhibit neuritogenic activity, but caused a significant enhancement of NGF (2 microg/L)-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, and increased the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Furthermore, this enhancing effect was completely blocked by a specific MAPK kinase inhibitor, PD98059. CONCLUSION: DSA enhanced the NGF-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells by amplifying an up-stream step of the MAPK-dependent signaling pathway.  (+info)

Beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl echinocystic acid isolated from the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in human acute promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. (2/8)

We previously demonstrated that beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl echinocystic acid (codonoposide 1c), a biologically active compound isolated from the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata, is cytotoxic to cancer cells. In the present study, we investigated the effects of codonoposide 1c on the induction of apoptosis, and its putative action pathway in HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells. Codonoposide 1c-treated HL-60 cells displayed several features of apoptosis, including DNA fragmentation, formation of DNA ladders by agarose gel electrophoresis, and externalization of annexin-V targeted phosphatidylserine (PS) residues. We observed that codonoposide 1c caused activation of caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3. A broad caspase inhibitor (z-VAD-fmk), caspase-8 inhibitor (z-IETD-fmk), and caspase-3 inhibitor (z-DEVD-fmk) almost completely suppressed codonoposide 1c-induced DNA fragmentation. We further found that codonoposide 1c induces mitochondrial translocation of Bid from cytosol, reduction of cytosolic Bax, and cytochrome c release from mitochondria. Interestingly, codonoposide 1c also triggered the mitochondrial release of Smac/DIABLO (second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases/direct inhibitor of apoptosis-binding protein with a low isoelectric point) into cytosol, and a reduction in X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP). Taken together, our data indicate that codonoposide 1c is a potent inducer of apoptosis and facilates its activity via Bid cleavage and translocation to mitochondria, Bax reduction in cytosol, release of cytochrome c and Smac/DIABLO into the cytosol, and subsequently caspase activation, providing a potential mechanism for the cytotoxic activity of codonoposide 1c.  (+info)

Triterpene glycosides from the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata. (3/8)

In the course of the development of new designer foods using the roots of Codonopsis lanceolata, we found that hot-water extracts of C. lanceolata recovered decreased testosterone levels in the blood and accelerated the restoration of reproductive dysfunction induced by hyperthermic treatment in male mice. Thus we studied the constituents of the polar fraction of the roots of C. lanceolata and identified six new triterpene saponins, lancemasides B (2), C (3), D (4), E (5), F (6), and G (7), along with the known saponin lancemasaide A (1) and phenylpropanoid glycosides 8-10. The structures of the new compounds 2-7 were determined by means of spectral data including 2D-NMR studies and chemical reactions to be oleanan-type bisdesmoside with sugars at C-3 and C-28. Compounds 2-6 have echinocystic acid as an aglycone, and compound 7 has asterogenic acid as an aglycone. Identification of the sugars and determination of their D,L-chiralities were carried out by application of the exciton chirality method to the per-O-p-bromobenzoylmethyl sugar derived from saponins.  (+info)

Isolation of a novel dehydrin gene from Codonopsis lanceolata and analysis of its response to abiotic stresses. (4/8)

Dehydrins (DHNs) compose a family of intrinsically unstructured proteins that have high water solubility and accumulate during late seed development at low temperature or in water-deficit conditions. They are believed to play a protective role in freezing and drought-tolerance in plants. A full-length cDNA encoding DHN (designated as ClDhn) was isolated from an oriental medicinal plant Codonopsis lanceolata, which has been used widely in Asia for its anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. The full-length cDNA of ClDhn was 813 bp and contained a 477 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a polypeptide of 159 amino acids. Deduced ClDhn protein had high similarities with other plant DHNs. RT-PCR analysis showed that different abiotic stresses such as salt, wounding, chilling and light, triggered a significant induction of ClDhn at different time points within 4-48 hrs post-treatment. This study revealed that ClDhn assisted C. lanceolata in becoming resistant to dehydration.  (+info)

Development and application of a capillary electrophoretic method for the composition analysis of a typical heteropolysaccharide from Codonopsis pilosula NANNF. (5/8)

A simple capillary electrophoretic method based on 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolon (PMP) derivatization has been developed for simultaneous separation and determination of nine aldoses (xylose, arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, fucose, galactose, mannose, glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid). The separation of PMP-labeled monosaccharide derivatives was carried out in uncoated capillary (48.5 cm x 75 microm i.d.) and under the selected optimum conditions of pH 11.0, 200 mM borate buffer at applied voltage 15 kV and capillary temperature 20 degrees C, the nine PMP-monosaccharides could be perfectly separated from each other within 40 min. Furthermore, the developed method was firstly applied to determine the sugar composition in the polysaccharide isolated from Chinese Codonopsis pilosula. The results showed that C. pilosula polysaccharide was a typically acidic heteropolysaccharide and was composed of arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, mannose, glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid in the molar contents of 48.1, 103.5, 16.1, 48.5, 7.5, 4.2 and 119.1 microM, respectively. The assay results were satisfactory.  (+info)

Phenolic glycosides and pyrrolidine alkaloids from Codonopsis tangshen. (6/8)

Chemical examination of the n-butanol extract of the root of Codonopsis tangshen led to the isolation of four new compounds named codonosides A (1) and B (2) and codonopyrrolidiums A (3) and B (4), with seven known compounds [(Z)-2-(beta-glucopyranosyloxy)-3-phenylpropenoic acid (5), lobetyolin (6), lobetyol (7), luteolin (8), friedelin (9), 5,6,9-trihydroxy-octadec-7-enoic acid (10), and adenosine (11)]. Based on spectroscopic evidence, the structures of codonosides A (1) and B (2) were established as phenolic glycosides, and those of codonopyrrolidiums A (3) and B (4) as pyrrolidines. The relative configuration of 3 was determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis.  (+info)

Suppression of low-density lipoprotein oxidation, vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration by a herbal extract of Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis and Cortex Lycii. (7/8)

 (+info)

Antilipogenic and anti-inflammatory activities of Codonopsis lanceolata in mice hepatic tissues after chronic ethanol feeding. (8/8)

 (+info)

*Codonopsis

Tibet Codonopsis mairei Codonopsis meleagris - (珠鸡斑党参) Codonopsis micrantha - (小花党参) Codonopsis minima - Korea Codonopsis ... Assam Codonopsis henryi - (川鄂党参) Codonopsis hirsuta Codonopsis hongii Codonopsis inflata Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam Codonopsis ... Tibet Codonopsis bragaensis - Nepal Codonopsis bulleyana - (管钟党参) Codonopsis canescens - (灰毛党参) Codonopsis cardiophylla - (光叶党参 ... Codonopsis alpina - (高山党参) Codonopsis argentea - (银背叶党参) Codonopsis

*Codonopsis pilosula

handeliana (Chinese: 闪毛党参, shanmaodangshen) Codonopsis pilosula ssp. pilosula (Chinese: 党参, dangshen) Codonopsis pilosula ssp. ... Codonopsis pilosula (Chinese: 党参; pinyin: dǎngshēn), also known as dang shen or poor man's ginseng, is a perennial species of ... They are a constituent of Radix Codonopsis, an herbal mix used to improve appetite and energy. There are 3 subspecies: ... tangshen (Chinese: 川党参, chuandangshen) - widely cultivated Codonopsis pilosula. Flora of China. Li, C. Y., et al. (2009). ...

*Codonopsis subscaposa

... is a herbaceous member of the Campanulaceae family, native to west Sichuan and north-west Yunnan in China ... Hong, Deyuan; Lammers, Thomas G. & Klein, Laura L., "Codonopsis subscaposa", in Wu, Zhengyi; Raven, Peter H. & Hong, Deyuan, ...

*Codonopsis lanceolata

http://www.itmonline.org/arts/codonopsis.htm Codonopsis lanceolata page Codonopsis lanceolata page ko.wikipedia.org. ... Codonopsis lanceolata, also called deodeok or lance asiabell, is a flowering plant native to East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, ... Washed and peeled deodeok Deodeok-gui (grilled deodeok) Deodeok salad with yuja dressing Deodeok-kimchi Codonopsis lanceolata ...

*Tangshenoside I

Han, G; Wang, C; Su, X; He, X; Wang, Y; Kenji, M; Osamu, T (1990). "[Determination of tangshenoside I in Codonopsis pilosula ... Tangshenoside I is a chemical compound isolated from Codonopsis pilosula. It can be considered a syringin molecule bound to ...

*Qüxü County

Medicinal plants include Chinese caterpillar fungus, Fritillaria and Codonopsis. Qüxü County was established in August 1959. ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... codonopsis (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.171.600 --- lobelia (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.171.800 ...

*Korean royal court cuisine

Mu saengchae, made of shredded radish Oi saengchae, made of cucumber Deodeok saengchae, made of deodeok root (Codonopsis ... The main ingredients include laver, beef, the root of deodeok (Codonopsis lanceolata; 더덕), fish, mushrooms, vegetables, Aralia ... fried Codonopsis lanceolata (더덕, deodeok) and kim jeonyuhwa (전유화): pancake-like fried dish Jeotguk jochi (젓국 조치): kind of fish ... cold roast of laver and Codonopsis lanceolata root, a bonnet bellflower species called deodeok (더덕) in Korean Deoungui (더운구이): ...

*Wildlife of South Korea

In Chiaksan Mountain, there are Codonopsis lanceolata, Lactuca indica, Hieracium umbellatum, Aconitum and others. In Mt. ...

*Longxi County

Among others, Astragalus and Codonopsis is grown and processed into traditional medicine in Longxi. Renshou Mountain Forest ...

*Gynostemma pentaphyllum

Jiaogulan is also believed to be useful in combination with codonopsis for jet lag and altitude sickness. The adaptogenic ...

*Lhasa (prefecture-level city)

... codonopsis and Lingzhi mushroom (ganoderma). The dams on the Lhasa river built as part of the Three Rivers Development Project ...

*Arctic-Alpine Botanic Garden

Special Collections: Rhododendron (e.g. R. Lapponicum), Meconopsis, Aster, Polemonium, Erigeron, Codonopsis, Rose Cultivars, ...

*Korean cuisine

Medicinal herbs, such as ginseng, reishi, wolfberry, Codonopsis pilosula, and Angelica sinensis, are often used as ingredients ...

*Ankang

The output of cocoon, Codonopsis pilosula, tea, raw Chinese lacquer, musk tops Shaanxi and the output of raw Chinese lacquer is ...

*Hoengseong County

The roots of Codonopsis lanceolata ([deodeok] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)), a bonnet bellflower species, ...

*Ginseng

Angelica sinensis (female ginseng, dong quai) Codonopsis pilosula (poor man's ginseng) Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian ...

*Korean regional cuisine

... grilled Codonopsis lanceolata Pat sirutteok, steamed rice cake covered with azuki bean crumbles The cuisine of the southwestern ...

*C. nepalensis

... a flowering plant Codonopsis nepalensis, a plant endemic to East Asia Cordyceps nepalensis, a sac fungus Coriaria nepalensis, a ...

*Reginald Farrer

Allium farreri Stearn Amitostigma farreri Bulbophyllum farreri Codonopsis farreri Cypripedium farreri Gentiana farreri Geranium ...

*Stone Forest

Codonopsis, Dendrobenthamia, Eriobotrya, Leptodermis, Lycoris, Ophiopogon, Patrinia, Reineckea Bird species include: ...

*Gui (food)

Codonopsis lanceolata; 더덕) Beoseot gui (버섯구이): grilled mushroom Songi gui (송이구이): grilled matsutake Gim gui or guun gim (김구이 or ...

*Goji

Codonopsis pilosula, and licorice root.[citation needed] The berries are also boiled as a herbal tea, often along with ...

*List of garden plants

Codonanthe Codonopsis Coelia Coelogyne (an orchid genus) Coffea (coffee tree) Coix Colchicum (autumn crocus, meadow saffron) ...

*Campanulaceae

Campanuloideae Adenophora Astrocodon Asyneuma Azorina Berenice Campanula - Bellflower Canarina Codonopsis Craterocapsa ...
Codonopsis is a small perennial native to Asia, which is especially abundant in the Shanxi and Szechuan provinces of China. Codonopsis has been used in China for over 2,000 years as a tonic for the lungs and spleen, and to strengthen and nourish the blood and balance metabolic function.
Codonopsis is used to treat a range of digestive ailments. Codonopsis root also is effective for stress relief, memory retention and womens health.
Plant growth retardant (PGR) refers to organics that can inhibit the cell division of plant stem tip sub-apical meristem cells or primordial meristem cell. They are widely used in the cultivation of rhizomatous functional plants; such as Codonopsis Radix, that is a famous Chinese traditional herb. However, it is still unclear whether PGR affects the medicinal quality of C. Radix. In the present study, amino acid analyses, targeted and non-targeted analyses by ultra-performance liquid chromatography combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF-MS) and gas chromatography-MS were used to analyze and compare the composition of untreated C. Radix and C. Radix treated with PGR. The contents of two key bioactive compounds, lobetyolin and atractylenolide III, were not affected by PGR treatment. The amounts of polysaccharides and some internal volatiles were significantly decreased by PGR treatment; while the free amino acids content was generally increased. Fifteen metabolites whose abundance were
Table 1. Characteristics of pollen grains of Campanumoea, Codonopsis, and Leptocodon.. Taxon Voucher or reference Origin Shape Outline1 Size ( m)2 Aperture condition Colpus length3 Spinule length4 Nexine5. Campanumoea Blume sect. Campanumoea. C. inflata C. B. Clarke Clark 26420 (BM) INDIA Oblate spheroidal Circular 34-(36)-40 40 6-8 colpate Long Short Thin Gamble 9740 (K) INDIA Oblate spheroidal Circular 33-(37)-39 29-(36)-39 6-7 colpate Long Short Thin. Murthy (1983) INDIA Suboblate 32-(35)-40 40-(45)-50 6-7-colpate Long Short Thin. C. javanica Blume Dunbar (1975)6 CHINA Suboblate 30 35 5-6-colpate7 Long Short Hooker & Thompson INDIA Oblate spheroidal Circular 39-(44)-46 39-(44)-49 5-6-colpate Long Short Thin. 2024 (K). Murthy (1983) INDIA Suboblate 31-(35)-36 36-(41)-43 5-6-colpate Short Thin. Campanumoea sect. Cyclocodon (Griff.) C. B. Clarke. C. celebica Blume Forrest 24903 (K) INDIA Oblate spheroidal Semi-angular 33-(36)-39 29-(33)-39 3-colporate Long Long Thick. Murthy (1983) INDIA Oblate ...
Codonopsis nervosa is a PERENNIAL. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, wasps.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
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For qi deficiency of the spleen and stomach concomitant with dampness, marked by lassitude of the extremities, general debility, dyspepsia, vomiting or diarrhea, chest distress and epigastric fullness, sallow complexion.
Main Products : Dong Quai Angelica Sinensis,Astragalus root Milk Vetch root,Buddha hand Ginseng,Cistanches,Codonopsis Pilosula,Cynomoium songaricum,Gastrodia elata,Cornu cervi pantotrichum,Tibet Reishi Mushroo,jade cup,dunhuang rug,local handicrafts,buying agent,produc ...
A very special product composes of 9 natural essential pure honey, raisins, fig, red dates, nigella sativa, olive, angelica, codonopsis pilosula smila
Oriental ginseng root (ren shen), lycium berries (gou qi zi), clove fruit (ding xiang), ripened scurfy-pea fruit (bu gu zhi), polyporus sclerotium (fu ling), astragalus root (huang qi), prepared rehmannia root tuber (shu di huang), fleshy prawn, ripened asiatic dogwood fruit (shan zhu yu), dong quai root (dang gui), codonopsis root (dang shen), cinnamon bark (gui pi), palm leaf raspberry fruit (rubus chingii hu - fu pen zi), Chinese yam rhizome (shan yao), Chinese licorice root and rhizome (gan cao), ripened fennel fruit (xiao hui xiang), epimedium (yin yang huo), ripened chinese dodder seed (tu su zi), ripened schisandra fruit (wu wei zi), ripened flat-stem milkvetch seed (sha yuan zi), eucommia bark (du zhong). Other ingredients: Starch, honey ...
Users votes are weighted by their contribution to the site (log10 contribution). In addition, the user who created the observation gets an extra vote ...
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Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Subspecies Poa laxa Haenke ssp. fernaldiana (Nannf.) Hyl. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Ingredients: Astragalus membranaceus root, Glycyrrhiza uralensis root, Codonopsis pilosula root, Atractylodes macrocephala rhizome, Angelica sinensis root, Cimicifuga foetida rhizome, Bupleurum chinense root, Citrus reticulata peel, Ziziphus jujuba fruit, Zingiber officinale rhizome-fresh. - Huang qi, Gan cao, Dang shen, Bai zhu, Dang gui, Sheng ma, Chai hu, Chen pi, Da zao, Sheng jiang ...
Ingredients: Astragalus membranaceus root, Glycyrrhiza uralensis root, Codonopsis pilosula root, Atractylodes macrocephala rhizome, Angelica sinensis root, Cimicifuga foetida rhizome, Bupleurum chinense root, Citrus reticulata peel, Ziziphus jujuba fruit, Zingiber officinale rhizome-fresh. - Huang qi, Gan cao, Dang shen, Bai zhu, Dang gui, Sheng ma, Chai hu, Chen pi, Da zao, Sheng jiang ...
Yu Ping [Yu Ping] - Yupin Large-TongRenTang Fangshuai Yishou Wan Yishen Qiangshen Wan Indication: Kidney qi nourishing. Used for qi and blood deficiency, chest tightness, shortness of breath, insomnia, forgetfulness,fatique. www.yunnanbaiyaostore.com Yupin Large-TongRenTang-Fangshuai Yishou Wan and Yishen Qiangshen Wan (Fangshuai longevity pill or Fangshuai Yishou Wan ) Ingredients: Ginseng, Codonopsis, Schisandra (vinegar Sunburn), Chinese angelica, Polygalaceae (licorice Sunburn), Astragalus
Yu Ping [Yu Ping] - Yupin Large-TongRenTang Fangshuai Yishou Wan Yishen Qiangshen Wan Indication: Kidney qi nourishing. Used for qi and blood deficiency, chest tightness, shortness of breath, insomnia, forgetfulness,fatique. www.yunnanbaiyaostore.com Yupin Large-TongRenTang-Fangshuai Yishou Wan and Yishen Qiangshen Wan (Fangshuai longevity pill or Fangshuai Yishou Wan ) Ingredients: Ginseng, Codonopsis, Schisandra (vinegar Sunburn), Chinese angelica, Polygalaceae (licorice Sunburn), Astragalus
Superfoods Song" is a spoof on the "Yaccos Nations of the World" cartoon which is an adaptation of the Mexican Hat Dance song. I knew there was a positive reason I loved cartoons as a kid…to spoof them as an adult!. This video is brought to you by my channels IrresistibleHealth on YouTube (to which you are invited to SUBCRIBE) and ChristianBates on NaturalNews.tv (which you are invited to FOLLOW).. Learn how to get the worlds top Superfoods and Superherbs in your body the easy way HERE: http://SuperfoodBeautyElixirs.com. "Superfoods Song" Lyrics (with links of stores and organizations relating to each Superfood COMING SOON!):. ~~~~. Acai Berry, Acerola Cherry, Amla, Alfalfa, and Aloe Vera,. Ashwagandha root and Asparagus too, Astragalus, Ayahuasca. Bee pollen, Blue Green Algae, Brazil Nut, Burdock, Cacao, Cacti with spines. Camu Berry BERRIES! Cats claw, Chanca Piedra, Chilies of many kinds. Chlorella, Chia, Cinnamon, Cistanche, Coca Leaf, Codonopsis. Coconut water and meat, Colostrum, ...
Pure Essence Stress Support System 60 Tablets Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) teaches that intense reactions to stress grows out of congestion in the Liver System. It causes excess heat to accumulate that eventually moves upwards. As the heat moves through, what TCM calls the Heart System, it leads to agitation, which makes it harder to handle stressful events.* With its extracts of magnolia bark and zizyphus seed, Stress Support System works to restore a sense of calm. It also has factors that strengthen the Heart and Liver Systems and promote optimal liver function. Stress Support System is formulated to help the body be less reactive to stressful situations.* Ingredients Ashwagandha extract,Atractylodes extract,Black pepper fruit extract, Bupleurum extract,cellulose,Codonopsis extract,croscarmellose sodium,Dong quai extract,Eleuthero extract,Ginger extract,Gynostemma extract,Hydrolyzed pearl extract,Jujube extract,Jujube extract,l-leucine,Magnolia extract,Organic Barley grass juice extract
What Can Traditional Chinese Medicine Do For You During The Flu Season? The flu season is hitting us particularly hard this season. Its been everywhere in the news. Some hospitals are making it mandatory that workers in high-risk areas receive the flu vaccine. Generally, most flu activity in the US occurs from November through March. The best way to treat a disease is to prevent it. It is absolutely a bad idea to wait to dig a well until you are thirsty. So, do something to enhance your qi now, before the influenza virus shoots you down. In China, special anti-virus teas are usually given in public schools to help prevent illness during the flu season. Chinese herbs such as Huang Qi (Astralagus) and Dang Shen (Codonopsis) are used to strengthen qi and to boost the immune system. Herbs such as Ban Lan Gen (Isatis) and Da Qing Ye (Daqingye) are commonly used as anti-virus herbs. ...
Among the stimulating adaptogens are Red Ginseng, White Asian Ginseng, and Rhodiola, while Schisandra, Ashwagandha, and Cordyceps are calming. American Ginseng, Codonpsis and Shatavari are known to be moistening, while Rhodiola and Schisandra are drying.. When creating food and beverage products, formulators should be aware of these differences, as well as the potential impact on flavor.. "Some adaptogens have a long history of use in food, like Codonopsis, which is used in a soup. You can often use a fairly large doses because they are mild and nutritive, but you have to have an effective dose," ​said Winston. And some adaptogens have strong flavors. Schisandra,or Reishi for example, "wont win any awards for their taste" ​. Is there a risk to the nascent category by overusing the term adaptogen ? Yes, said Winston. "Adaptogens work best when used with in-depth knowledge of their effects, energetics and the appropriate companion herbs . We want people to educate themselves, so they can use ...
MycoBGs Gallery of Helvella leucomelaena (7) mushroom contains 13 detailed photos displaying its morphology. Micro of spores and measurement results are also included.
Franch stretch marks cream - FRANCH OIL NATURAL MULTI-PURPOSE HEALING PLUS - India.... We provides discount Revitol Stretch Mark Removal and Prevention product made in USA. Find on-line health supplements and Herbal beauty products here.
A free-flowing directly compressible granulation useful as a slow release pharmaceutical excipient is disclosed. The excipient includes a hydrodrophilic matrix which includes a heteropolysaccharide and a polysaccharide material capable of cross-linking the heteropolysaccharide, and an inert diluent.
A free-flowing directly compressible granulation useful as a slow release pharmaceutical excipient is disclosed. The excipient includes a hydrodrophilic matrix which includes a heteropolysaccharide and a polysaccharide material capable of cross-linking the heteropolysaccharide, and an inert diluent.
Suan zao Ren is commonly Qualityused in:. Suan Zao Ren Tang (zizyphus combination) with Gan Cao (Licorice Root), Zhi Mu (Anemarrhena Rhizome), Fu Ling (Poria), and Chuan Xiong (lovage). For liver Blood or YIN deficiency accompanied with heat. Tian Wang Bu Xin Dan with Mai Men Dong (Ophiopogon), Sheng Di Huang (Rehmannia Glutinosa), Yuan Zhi (Senega Root). For poor sleep due to Liver Blood or YIN deficiency.. Gui Pi Tang combined with Huang Qi (Astragalus Root), Dang Gui (Angelica Sinensis), Dang Shen (Codonopsis). For heart palpitations, anxiety, insomnia, and fatigue from deficiency of Heart-Blood caused by Spleen Qi weakness.. Suan Zao Ren Zhou with Gen Mi (rice) and Shu Di Huang (steamed rehmannia). For insomnia due to excessive worrying.. ...
Renal function can be monitored by estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), for example, through measurement of the plasma clearance of a marker that is freely filtrated through the kidney without reabsorption. It has been proposed that iohexol is the most accurate marker for GFR determination in cats and dogs. However, there is a need for a validated capillary electrophoretic method that covers the concentration range for a full curve clearance estimate of iohexol. In the final method, the plasma samples were protein precipitated and the supernatant was analyzed in a background electrolyte containing borate buffer (0.06 m, pH 10.0). The method developed was proved to be linear (concentration range 18- 2900 mg/L) and had a good precision (e.g. 2.3-2.9% at 88 mg/L) and accuracy (e.g. 101-105% at 88 mg/L). Finally, the method was compared with a previously published and validated HPLC-UV method by parallel analysis of clinical plasma samples from dogs and cats administered Omnipaque®. ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Yun-Li Zhao, Jian-Hua Shang, Shi-Biao Pu, Heng-Shan Wang, Bei Wang, Lu Liu, Ya-Ping Liu, Hong-Mei Shen, Xiao-Dong Luo].
Is resveratrol responsible for the heart-health benefits found in wine? It is too early to know for sure, but scientists have found that resveratrol effectively neutralizes free radicals and other oxidants and inhibits low-density lipoprotein oxidation in the test tube. It is a well-accepted theory that oxidative stress caused by free radicals plays a crucial role in the development of atherosclerosis. In addition, resveratrol appears to possess a range of other properties, including inhibition of platelet aggregation, antiarrhythmic and vasorelaxation actions, and inhibition of apoptotic cell death that protects from myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury, atherosclerosis and ventricular arrhythmias. More research needs to occur to fully understand the relationship between resveratrol and heart health. Resveratrol may offer protection against cancer. As a possible anticancer agent, it has been shown to inhibit or retard growth of various cancer cells in culture and implanted tumors in vivo. It ...
Is resveratrol responsible for the heart-health benefits found in wine? It is too early to know for sure, but scientists have found that resveratrol effectively neutralizes free radicals and other oxidants and inhibits low-density lipoprotein oxidation in the test tube. It is a well-accepted theory that oxidative stress caused by free radicals plays a crucial role in the development of atherosclerosis. In addition, resveratrol appears to possess a range of other properties, including inhibition of platelet aggregation, antiarrhythmic and vasorelaxation actions, and inhibition of apoptotic cell death that protects from myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury, atherosclerosis and ventricular arrhythmias. More research needs to occur to fully understand the relationship between resveratrol and heart health. Resveratrol may offer protection against cancer. As a possible anticancer agent, it has been shown to inhibit or retard growth of various cancer cells in culture and implanted tumors in vivo. It ...
Flower unisexual, ± radial; sepals generally 3 5, free or fused; petals generally 0; stamens 1 many, free or filaments fused; ovary superior, chambers 1 4, styles free or fused, simple or ...
I feel heavy itching between thighs and below my balls, i am wearing cotton wares only, what could be the cause for this infection, kindly let me know whether franch oil will be fine to be applied over there ...
Additional shade plants, some rhizomatous, worth consideration: Asarum sp. Claytonia virginica Codonopsis sp. Convallaria majalis Hepatica nobilis Impatiens flanaganae Impatiens tinctoria Paris sp. Prosartes smithii Sauromatum venosum Uvularia grandiflora Nathan ...
Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) was used to extract total alkaloids, peimisine, peimine and peiminine from the bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq. The antioxidant capacity of the extracts was evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging activity (DPPH-RSA), ABTS radical scavenging activity (ABTS-RSA) and ferric reducing capacity (FRAP) assay. A central composite design (CCD) with four variables and five levels was employed for optimization of process parameters, and response surface plots were constructed in accordance with a second order polynomial model. Under optimal conditions of 3.0 h, 60.4 °C, 26.5 MPa and 89.3% ethanol, the highest yields were predicted to be 3.8 mg/g for total alkaloids, 0.5 mg/g for peimisine, 1.3 mg/g for peimine and 1.3 mg/g for peiminine, and the antioxidant capacity of extracts displayed EC50, DPPH value of 5.5 mg/mL, EC50, ABTS value of 0.3 mg/mL and FRAP value of 118.2 mg ascorbic acid equivalent (AAE)/100 g.
This paper gives a capillary electrophoretic method for the separation of 15 urinary normal and modified nucleosides from cancer patients in less than 40 min. A 500 mmx50 mu m uncoated capillary column (437.5 mm to window) was used. The effects of the voltage and the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) concentration in the buffer on the separation were studied. With reproducibilities of migration times better than 1.2% (R.S.D.) and determined concentrations better than 5-25%, depending on the concentrations of nucleosides in the urine, the analytical characteristics of the method were food. Using this developed method, the concentrations of 13 normal and modified nucleosides, extracted on a phenyl boronic acid affinity chromatography column, in 25 urines from patients of 14 kinds of cancer were determined. The levels (nmol/mol creatinine) of modified nucleosides in urines from cancer patients were increased as compared with those in normal urines. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V ...
In the present work a capillary electrophoretic method for the analysis of monosaccharides utilizing indirect UV-detection has been developed. Different probes for indirect detection have been assessed using model carbohydrate samples. Background electrolytes with or without addition of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide have also been evaluated regarding the separation power. Furthermore, a curve-fitting algorithm has been introduced to increase the separation resolution. The optimized method has been used for analysis of monosaccharides from an acidically hydrolyzed pulp sample.. ...
Coreopsis lanceolata, commonly called lanceleaf coreopsis, is a Missouri native wildflower which typically grows to 2 tall and occurs in prairies, glades, fields and roadsides primarily in the Ozark region of the State. Features solitary, yellow, daisy-like flowers (1-2" diameter) with eight yellow rays (toothed at the tips) and flat yellow center disks. Flowers bloom atop slender, erect stems from spring to early summer. Narrow, hairy, lance-shaped leaves (2-6" long) appear primarily near the base of the plant in basal tufts. Lower basal leaves are mostly entire, while smaller stem leaves may be pinnately lobed. Plants in the genus Coreopsis are sometimes commonly called lanceleaf tickseed in reference to the resemblance of the seeds to ticks. Many excellent cultivars of this species are available in commerce ...
A4_HUMAN] Functions as a cell surface receptor and performs physiological functions on the surface of neurons relevant to neurite growth, neuronal adhesion and axonogenesis. Involved in cell mobility and transcription regulation through protein-protein interactions. Can promote transcription activation through binding to APBB1-KAT5 and inhibits Notch signaling through interaction with Numb. Couples to apoptosis-inducing pathways such as those mediated by G(O) and JIP. Inhibits G(o) alpha ATPase activity (By similarity). Acts as a kinesin I membrane receptor, mediating the axonal transport of beta-secretase and presenilin 1. Involved in copper homeostasis/oxidative stress through copper ion reduction. In vitro, copper-metallated APP induces neuronal death directly or is potentiated through Cu(2+)-mediated low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Can regulate neurite outgrowth through binding to components of the extracellular matrix such as heparin and collagen I and IV. The splice isoforms that ...
A4_HUMAN] Functions as a cell surface receptor and performs physiological functions on the surface of neurons relevant to neurite growth, neuronal adhesion and axonogenesis. Involved in cell mobility and transcription regulation through protein-protein interactions. Can promote transcription activation through binding to APBB1-KAT5 and inhibits Notch signaling through interaction with Numb. Couples to apoptosis-inducing pathways such as those mediated by G(O) and JIP. Inhibits G(o) alpha ATPase activity (By similarity). Acts as a kinesin I membrane receptor, mediating the axonal transport of beta-secretase and presenilin 1. Involved in copper homeostasis/oxidative stress through copper ion reduction. In vitro, copper-metallated APP induces neuronal death directly or is potentiated through Cu(2+)-mediated low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Can regulate neurite outgrowth through binding to components of the extracellular matrix such as heparin and collagen I and IV. The splice isoforms that ...
In this paper, the extraction of the total alkaloid fraction (TAF) from nux vomica was established. Most strychnine was removed from TAF and the resulted modified total alkaloid fraction (MTAF) was ob
Species: Salvia lanceolata. Name. Salvia lanceolata Brouss.. References. Elenchus Plantarum Horti Botanici Monspeliensis. app. 15. 1806. ...
A heteropolysaccharide (SHP) with a strong immunomodulatory effect on RAW 264.7 cells was prepared from Saccharina japonica. Chemical analysis demonstrated that SHP was primarily composed of mannose, glucuronic acid, glucose, fucose, galactose, xylose and rahmnose with a molar ratio of 1.00:0.85:0.84:0.58:0.30:0.37:0.15. ESI-MS showed that depolymerized SHP produced oligo-glucuronan, oligo-glucuronomannan, sulfated fuco-oligosaccharides and other hetero-oligosaccharides. The in vitro immunomodulatory results showed that SHP could increase NO production and up-regulate the expression of many immune effectors, including iNOS, COX-2 and TNF-alpha, displaying an apparent immune enhancement activities. Western blot analysis proved that SHP activated the expression levels of many key components involved in NF-kappa B, MAPK and Akt signaling pathways. Our results together indicated that SHP has the potential to be developed as a novel immunomodulator for activating immune system ...
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major microvascular complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) [1]. However, in type 1 diabetics, DKD typically does not present until the second decade after diagnosis of diabetes, whereas in some type 2 diabetics, DKD is already evident at the time of diagnosis of diabetes because of other chronic instigators of kidney injury such as aging, hypertension, and abnormal lipid levels [2, 3]. In China, DKD is the second leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after glomerulonephropathy [4] and is a leading cause of dialysis in developed countries such as Japan and the USA [5, 6]. The economic burden of DKD is substantial [7, 8]. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been the agents of choice in slowing the progression of DKD. However, as seemingly effective as they are, these drugs have side effects such as rhinitis, persistent cough, and angioedema, which cause patients to ...
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Chemical investigation of Maesa lanceolata leaves aqueous MeOH extract has led to the isolation of eight new triterpene glycosides identified as 16-oxo-28-hydroxyolean-12-ene 3- O - β -glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)- β -glucopyranoside 1 , 16 α , 28-dihydroxyolean-12-ene 3 - O - β -[(6- O -galloylglucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)][ β -glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)]- β -glucopyranoside 2, 16 α , 22 α , 28-trihydroxyolean-12-ene 3- O -[ β -glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)] [ α -rhamnopyranosyl- (1 → 6]- β -glucopyranoside 3 , 22 α -acetyl-16 α -hydroxyolean-12-en-28-al 3- O -[ α -rhamnopyranosyl- (1  6)- β -glucopyranosyl-(1  3)] [ β -glucopyranosyl-(1  2)]- β -arabinopyranoside 4 , 22 α -acetyl-16 α ,21 β -dihydroxyoleanane-13 β :28-olide 3- O -[ β -glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)] [6- O -coumaroylglucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)]- β -glucopyranoside 5 , 16 α ,22 α -diacetyl-21 β - angeloyloleanane-13 β :28-olide 3 β - O -[ β -glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)][ ...
Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPS) like xanthan are widely exploited as natural biopolymers in diverse industrial sectors. In foods, in-situ EPS formation by starter cultures allows the manufacturing of "clean labeled" products with improved textural and nutritional properties. We performed structural analyses of the cell surface-associated EPS produced by Lactobacillus plantarum TMW 1.1478, which is a promising starter culture for fermented foods. Chromatographic analyses and NMR experiments suggested an acetylated heptameric repeating unit comprised of glucose, rhamnose and galactose as major components, whereas analysis of the macromolecular HePS structure suggested an apparent molecular mass of Mr ∼2 × 106 and a root mean square (RMS) radius of ca. 60 nm. Genetic analyses enabled the identification of the respective EPS biosynthesis cluster, and its modular organization supports the chemically identified, novel EPS structure. The obtained results broaden the understanding of complex EPS ...
The leaves are trifoliolate, leathery, alternately arranged on the stem, and hairless. The leaflets are narrowly elliptic in shape, with the margins entire and markedly wavy; the apex tapers to a more or less rounded point. As the plant belongs to the Rutaceae family, the leaves are densely covered with gland-dots and have a lemony scent when crushed.. The flowers are small, inconspicuous, star-shaped and arranged in terminal heads or panicles and are greenish yellow in colour. The male and female flowers are borne on different trees. The white ironwood flowers from December to March.. ...
The total alkaloids of the plant Fumaria parvifloraLam., collected in Ashkhabad Province (Turkmen SSR), in the flowering and incipient fruit-bearing period have been studied. The methanolic...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Malus yunnanensis (Franch.) C.K. Schneid. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
A new heteropolysaccharide (PMH) with a molecular weight of 1.4 × 103 kDa was isolated from the seed husks of Plantago asiatica L. The monosaccharide composition of PMH was determined as glucose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, galactose and galacturonic acid with a molar ratio of 1.0 : 1.8 : 2.4 : 3.8 : 4.9 :
Supplement Polysaccharides (e.g. cellulose, starch, or glycogen) are characterized by the following chemical properties: (1) not sweet in taste, (2) insoluble in water, (3) do not form crystals when desiccated, (4) compact and not osmotically active inside the cells, (5) can be extracted to form white powder, and (6) general chemical formula of Cx(H2O) y. Polysaccharides may be a homopolysaccharide or a heteropolysaccharide depending on their monosaccharide components. A homopolysaccharide consists of same types of monosaccharides whereas a heteropolysaccharide is composed of different types of monosaccharides. ...
Volume 86, Issue 9, September 2016, Pages: 686-695, Mikkel P. Andersen, Rikke N. Mortensen, Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen, Jesper Franch, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Henrik Bøggild. Version of Record online : 5 AUG 2016, DOI: 10.1111/josh.12422. ...
Apiaceae (was Umbelliferae): Aciphylla, Astrantia, Azorella, Bolax, Hacquetia, etc. Asparagaceae: Arthropodium, Clintonia, Disporum, Disporopsis, Hosta, Maianthemum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Speirantha, Tricyrtis, Uvularia etc Berberidaceae: Berberis, Bongardia, Dysosma, Epimedium, Gymnospermium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahonia, Podophyllum, Ranzania, Sinopodophyllum, Vancouveria, etc. Boraginaceae: Alkanna, Anchusa, Eritrichium, Hesperochiron, Lithodora, Mertensia, Moltkia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Onosma, Phacelia, Pulmonaria, Romanzoffia, etc Brassicaceae: Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Aubrieta, Cardamine, Chorispora, Clausia, Degenia, Draba, Erysimum, Fibigia, Iberis, Matthiola, Morisia, Notothlaspi, Petrocallis, Thlaspi, Xerodraba, etc Cactaceae: Echinocereus, Lobivia, Maihuenia, Mammilaria, Opuntia, Pediocactus, Rebutia, Sclerocactus, etc Calceolariaceae: Calceolaria , Jovellana. Campanulaceae: Adenophora, Asyneuma, Campanula ( inc, Diosphaera), Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Diosphaera, Edraianthus, ...
Apiaceae (was Umbelliferae): Aciphylla, Astrantia, Azorella, Bolax, Hacquetia, etc. Asparagaceae: Arthropodium, Clintonia, Disporum, Disporopsis, Hosta, Maianthemum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Speirantha, Tricyrtis, Uvularia etc Berberidaceae: Berberis, Bongardia, Dysosma, Epimedium, Gymnospermium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahonia, Podophyllum, Ranzania, Sinopodophyllum, Vancouveria, etc. Boraginaceae: Alkanna, Anchusa, Eritrichium, Hesperochiron, Lithodora, Mertensia, Moltkia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Onosma, Phacelia, Pulmonaria, Romanzoffia, etc Brassicaceae: Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Aubrieta, Cardamine, Chorispora, Clausia, Degenia, Draba, Erysimum, Fibigia, Iberis, Matthiola, Morisia, Notothlaspi, Petrocallis, Thlaspi, Xerodraba, etc Cactaceae: Echinocereus, Lobivia, Maihuenia, Mammilaria, Opuntia, Pediocactus, Rebutia, Sclerocactus, etc Calceolariaceae: Calceolaria , Jovellana. Campanulaceae: Adenophora, Asyneuma, Campanula ( inc, Diosphaera), Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Diosphaera, Edraianthus, ...
Feulgen bands can be obtained at the sites of constitutive heterochromatin in the chromosomes of Anemone blanda, Fritillaria lanceolata and Scilla siberica, simply by means of a short or extended acid hydrolysis. Extended hydrolysis gives positive bands in A. blanda and F. lanceolata and negative bands in S. siberica. Short hydrolysis gives no bands in A. blanda and S. siberica but gives negative bands in F. lanceolata. The kind of Feulgen banding obtained is not correlated with the type of base richness of the heterochromatin DNA; rather, it is probably due to differences in the associated nucleoproteins. ...
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, ...
This Stonegate Designs Double Adirondack Chair with Table is a great way to enjoy the outdoors with a friend or loved one and a couple of cold beverages. Durable fir wood (Cunninghamia lanceolata) construction looks great painted, stained or left unfinished.
In the genetically modified plants the acyl-[ACP] thioesterase gene from Cuphea lanceolata is expressed under the control of its own seed-specific promoter. This enzyme catalyses the the formation of a thioester bond between the acyl carrier protein and the synthesized acyl chain in fatty acid biosynthesis ...
Plant standardization requires determination of the total content of various classes of secondary metabolites, due to dosage determination in the preparation. Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum L.) is one of the ethomedicines in Indonesian society. The purpose of this study was to determine the total alkaloids and flavonoids content in leaf, fruit, a
Radix Astragali is a popular herb used in traditional Chinese medicine for its proimmune and antidiabetic properties. However, methods are needed to help distinguish Radix Astragali from its varied adulterants. DNA barcoding is a widely applicable molecular method used to identify medicinal plants. Yet, its use has been hampered by genetic distance, base variation, and limitations of the bio-NJ tree. Herein, we report the validation of an integrated analysis method for plant species identification using DNA barcoding that focuses on genetic distance, identification efficiency, inter- and intraspecific variation, and barcoding gap. We collected 478 sequences from six candidate DNA barcodes (ITS2, ITS, |i|psb|/i|A-|i|trn|/i|H, |i|rbc|/i|L, |i|mat|/i|K, and COI) from 29 species of Radix Astragali and adulterants. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence was demonstrated as the optimal barcode for identifying Radix Astragali and its adulterants. This new analysis method is helpful in identifying Radix
Detection of drugs at low concentration is required in a variety of biological and medical situations, in order to avoid harmful side effects posed by some drug residues. The book details the instrumentation, detection, and application of nano chromatography (that is, any chromatographic and capillary electrophoretic method dealing with the detection of a sample at nano gram per liter or lower) and capillary electrophoresis in the analyses of biological and environmental samples. Methods discussed include: Nano Gas Chromatography, Nano Capillary Electrophoresis, Nano Chiral Chromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, and Nano High Performance Liquid Chromatography.. ...
Authors: NAZLI BÖKE SARIKAHYA, SÜHEYLA KIRMIZIGÜL Abstract: Two new triterpene glycosides, 3-O-\beta-D-glucopyranosyl- (1\to 4)-\beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1\to 3)-\alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl- (1\to 3)-\alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl olean-12-ene 28-O-\beta -D- glucopyranosyl-(1\to 6)-\beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (gazipashoside A, 1) and 3-O-\beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1\to 4)-\beta-D-xylopyranosyl- (1\to 3)-\alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1\to 2)-\alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl hederagenin 28-O-\beta -D-glucopyranosyl-(1\to 6)-\beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (gazipashoside B, 2), were isolated together with 11 known compounds including 7 triterpene, 1 flavonoid, and 3 iridoidal metabolites from the aerial parts of Cephalaria gazipashensis (Dipsacaceae). The structures of all compounds were elucidated by extensive evaluation of the spectroscopic data (1D- and 2D- NMR, HRESI-MS), as well as chemical examinations. The antimicrobial effects of all pure compounds were tested against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The ...
Uncultivated is a multi-faceted art project focused on wild plants within urban landscapes, consisting of geo-referenced photographs, a corresponding website, commercial displays, and associated public events. Commonly known as weeds, Uncultivated encourages an empathetic view of these reviled plants and the natural environment we share in common while also reflecting upon the changing biodiversity of urban landscapes due to the effects of climate change.
Gou Qi Zi or Qi Zi is also known as wolfberry fruit. The sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as anti cancer agent and to treat sore back, leg, and stomach; improves night vision, blurred vision, diabetes, premature white hair, enhance immune system, lowers blood lipids, elevate level of testosterone, simulate estrogen …. ...
additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Unions Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details] Available for editors ...
Agricultural and forestry and landscape machinery China, Ginseng Polysaccharides, Ginseng polysaccharides are made up of the galacturonic acid, galactose, rhamnose, acidic heteropolysaccharide (which is...
China Factory Supply Astragalus Extract, Astragalus Root Extract, Milk Vetch Root Radix Astragali, Find details about China Astragaloside a, Astragaloside Iv from Factory Supply Astragalus Extract, Astragalus Root Extract, Milk Vetch Root Radix Astragali - Wuxi Gorunjie Natural-Pharma Co., Ltd.
Germination*: Sow seed in a media with a pH range of 6.5-7.2. Maintain uniform soil moisture levels and humidity levels above 95 %. Stage I temperatures of 75-80 °F (23-26 °C) optimize germination. Water with warm water with a pH range of 6.5-7.2 to avoid shocking seedlings during Stage I. Do not cover seed as light increases germination rate and improves seedling uniformity. Begin light feeding with 25-50 ppm nitrogen. Continue Stage I conditions for ...

Codonopsis (Codonopsis pilosula) | Health24Codonopsis (Codonopsis pilosula) | Health24

Codonopsis has been used in China for over 2,000 years as a tonic for the lungs and spleen, and to strengthen and nourish the ... Codonopsis is a small perennial native to Asia, which is especially abundant in the Shanxi and Szechuan provinces of China. ... Codonopsis lanceolata, Codonopsis modesta, Codonopsis nervosa var., Codonopsis ovata Benth., Codonopsis philosula, Codonopsis ... volubilis, Codonopsis pilosula modesta, Codonopsis pilosular, Codonopsis silvestris, Codonopsis tangshen, Codonopsis tubulosa, ...
more infohttp://www.health24.com/Natural/Herbs/Herbs-a-z/Codonopsis-Codonopsis-pilosula-20120721

Codonopsis Root Information and Herbal Uses for CodonopsisCodonopsis Root Information and Herbal Uses for Codonopsis

Codonopsis root also is effective for stress relief, memory retention and womens health. ... Codonopsis is used to treat a range of digestive ailments. ... Bulk Herbs & Spices , Codonopsis , Codonopsis Root Powder shop ... codonopsis root. Codonopsis is a creeping perennial that is distributed throughout Asia, especially the provinces of Szechuan ... The most common use of codonopsis is to increase energy.. Codonopsis grows in China, particularly in the provinces of Szechuan ...
more infohttps://www.herbco.com/p-623-codonopsis-root-powder.aspx

Codonopsis - WikipediaCodonopsis - Wikipedia

Tibet Codonopsis mairei Codonopsis meleagris - (珠鸡斑党参) Codonopsis micrantha - (小花党参) Codonopsis minima - Korea Codonopsis ... Assam Codonopsis henryi - (川鄂党参) Codonopsis hirsuta Codonopsis hongii Codonopsis inflata Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam Codonopsis ... Tibet Codonopsis bragaensis - Nepal Codonopsis bulleyana - (管钟党参) Codonopsis canescens - (灰毛党参) Codonopsis cardiophylla - (光叶党参 ... Codonopsis alpina - (高山党参) Codonopsis argentea - (银背叶党参) Codonopsis
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codonopsis

Codonopsis nervosa  PFAF Plant DatabaseCodonopsis nervosa PFAF Plant Database

Codonopsis nervosa is a PERENNIAL. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees ... Codonopsis nervosa is a PERENNIAL. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees ...
more infohttp://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Codonopsis+nervosa

Codonopsis pilosula - WikipediaCodonopsis pilosula - Wikipedia

handeliana (Chinese: 闪毛党参, shanmaodangshen) Codonopsis pilosula ssp. pilosula (Chinese: 党参, dangshen) Codonopsis pilosula ssp. ... Codonopsis pilosula (Chinese: 党参; pinyin: dǎngshēn), also known as dang shen or poor mans ginseng, is a perennial species of ... They are a constituent of Radix Codonopsis, an herbal mix used to improve appetite and energy. There are 3 subspecies: ... tangshen (Chinese: 川党参, chuandangshen) - widely cultivated Codonopsis pilosula. Flora of China. Li, C. Y., et al. (2009). ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codonopsis_pilosula

Codonopsis lanceolata | GreenMedInfo | Substance | Natural MedicineCodonopsis lanceolata | GreenMedInfo | Substance | Natural Medicine

This topic has 2 study abstracts on Codonopsis lanceolata indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of ... 2 Abstracts with Codonopsis lanceolata Research. Filter by Study Type. Animal Study. ... Codonopsis protects against alcoholic fatty liver in the rat. Dec 01, 2009. ...
more infohttps://www.greenmedinfo.com/substance/codonopsis-lanceolata

Codonopsis viridiflora in Flora of China @ efloras.orgCodonopsis viridiflora in Flora of China @ efloras.org

Codonopsis viridiflora Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 27: 496. 1882. 绿花党参 lü hua dang shen Codonopsis ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200022936

Codonopsis Root (Dang Shen) - HerbalShopCodonopsis Root (Dang Shen) - HerbalShop

Hi, Im Grace Chen. Im enthusiastic about Traditional Chinese Medicine, natural healing including Chinese Medicinal Herbs, Acupressure, Qi-Gong, foot massage and more. My passion for herbs had been a lifelong journey beginning as a young girl always been fascinated by my grandfathers Chinese Herbal Medicine chest, full of amazing goodies helping people get well. To chase my dreams, I created a website, HerbalShop.com to share my passion, my grandfather Dr. Chens herbal recipes, interesting new and the translation of the classical Chinese herbal formulas with the world. Hope you enjoy it ...
more infohttps://www.herbalshop.com/medicinal-herbs/codonopsis-root-dang-shen/

Cognitive-Enhancing Effect of Steamed and Fermented Codonopsis lanceolata: A Behavioral and Biochemical StudyCognitive-Enhancing Effect of Steamed and Fermented Codonopsis lanceolata: A Behavioral and Biochemical Study

Codonopsis lanceolata (C. lanceolata) has been employed clinically for lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma, tonsillitis, ... Cognitive-Enhancing Effect of Steamed and Fermented Codonopsis lanceolata: A Behavioral and Biochemical Study. Jin Bae Weon,1 ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2014/319436/abs/

Molecules | Free Full-Text | Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis RadixMolecules | Free Full-Text | Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis Radix

They are widely used in the cultivation of rhizomatous functional plants; such as Codonopsis Radix, that is a famous Chinese ... Keywords: amino acid; Codonopsis Radix; plant growth retardant; polysaccharide; volatile amino acid; Codonopsis Radix; plant ... Liao Y, Zeng L, Li P, Sun T, Wang C, Li F, Chen Y, Du B, Yang Z. Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis ... They are widely used in the cultivation of rhizomatous functional plants; such as Codonopsis Radix, that is a famous Chinese ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/22/10/1655

Lancemaside A from Codonopsis lanceolata Modulates the Inflammatory Responses Mediated by Monocytes and MacrophagesLancemaside A from Codonopsis lanceolata Modulates the Inflammatory Responses Mediated by Monocytes and Macrophages

... Eunji Kim, ... Eunji Kim, Woo Seok Yang, Ji Hye Kim, et al., "Lancemaside A from Codonopsis lanceolata Modulates the Inflammatory Responses ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2014/405158/cta/

Codonopsis - sources, health benefits, nutrients, uses and constituents at NaturalPedia.comCodonopsis - sources, health benefits, nutrients, uses and constituents at NaturalPedia.com

Codonopsis is a herbaceous, perennial plant that is native to central and eastern Asia. According to the Herbal Supplement ... Ways to use codonopsis. Codonopsis is used in traditional Chinese medicine and is commonly processed as tea, tincture or tablet ... Medicinal uses for codonopsis. Codonopsis is touted for its potential use in alleviating discomfort following treatments for ... Codonopsis mitigate the risks associated with lupus and HIV.. Codonopsis prevents digestive issues, uterine bleeding and ...
more infohttps://www.naturalpedia.com/codonopsis-sources-health-benefits-nutrients-uses-and-constituents-at-naturalpedia-com.html

Molecules  | Free Full-Text | Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis Radix | HTMLMolecules | Free Full-Text | Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis Radix | HTML

They are widely used in the cultivation of rhizomatous functional plants; such as Codonopsis Radix, that is a famous Chinese ... Codonopsis Radix is the dried roots of Codonopsis pilosula, Codonopsis pilosulavar, Codonopsis modesta, and Codonopsis tangshen ... Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis Radix. Yinyin Liao 1,2,†, Lanting Zeng 1,2,†, Pan Li 3, Tian Sun ... Kim, E.Y.; Kim, J.A.; Jeon, H.J.; Kim, S.; Kim, Y.H.; Kim, Y.H.; Kim, H.Y.; Whang, W.K. Chemical fingerprinting of Codonopsis ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/22/10/1655/htm

Astraglus, Codonopsis and Pueriara Formula Brightening the Mind and the SensesAstraglus, Codonopsis and Pueriara Formula Brightening the Mind and the Senses

Codonopsis root. Pueraria root. Vitex fruit. Phellodendron bark. Chinese Cimicifuga rhizome. Chinese peony root without bark. ...
more infohttp://www.cgcmall.com/ear-eye-comfort-cong-er-ming-mu-wan/

Dang Shen : group root : codonopsis root : Herbs : Rootdown.usDang Shen : group root : codonopsis root : Herbs : Rootdown.us

Codonopsis Radix : This herb, used in traditional Chinese medicine, is Sweet. It goes to Lung, Spleen and it: Tonifies the ...
more infohttps://www.rootdown.us/Herbs/Dang+Shen

Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae).  I....Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae). I....

Codonopsis Obconicicapsula ??ݡA ?? Ĥ@ ᯻ A ᯻ ׫h ?Ĥ@ βĤG C Campanumoea Campanumoea աBCodonopsis Codonopsis ??ݤ Leptocodon T ̦b ᯻ ... Codonopsis Wall. subg. Codonopsis. C. affinis Hook. f. & Thompson Crawford et al. 64 NEPAL Oblate spheroidal Circular 33-(34)- ... Campanumoea, Codonopsis subgen. Codonopsis, and Leptocodon might be interpreted as supporting their merger as a single genus, ... Campanumoea, Codonopsis subg. Codonopsis, and Leptocodon) were oblate sphaeroidal, circular in polar outline, 4_10-colpate, ...
more infohttp://ejournal.sinica.edu.tw/bbas/content/1997/4/bot384-10.html

Codonopsis pillosaCodonopsis pillosa

Codonopsis_lanceolata_SZ91.png Botanical Name: Codonopsis pillosa Common name: Codonopsis Family: Campanulaceae (Hempen & ... Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codonopsis_lanceolata#mediaviewer/File: ... Botanical Name: Codonopsis pillosa. Common name: Codonopsis. Family: Campanulaceae (Hempen & Fischer, 2007, p. 710). Parts used ... Codonopsis pillosa. Franz von Siebold, F., & Zuccarin, J. G. (1870). Flora Japonica. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/ ...
more infohttps://herbalmateriamedica.wordpress.com/2014/08/04/codonopsis-pillosa/

Great Health Benefits of Codonopsis RootGreat Health Benefits of Codonopsis Root

Codonopsis root is effective in boosting the health of your immune system; promoting better mental sharpness and memory, and ... Great Health Benefits of Codonopsis Root. Codonopsis root is effective in boosting the health of your immune system; promoting ... Codonopsis has long been one of the main Chinese herbs to support the body in the fight against diabetes, and to generally ... As with all other types of adaptogens, codonopsis root is effective in improving how your body reacts to stress. Some of the ...
more infohttps://www.solsticemed.com/Articles.asp?ID=278

3 Benefits of Codonopsis Root Powder ~ Organic Shoppe3 Benefits of Codonopsis Root Powder ~ Organic Shoppe

3 Benefits of Codonopsis Root Powder. by Prerit Digital In: BLOG, general, Health, Herbs, organic - 0 Comment ... Codonopsis has been used to help treat hypertension and to boost your endurance for stress. Its to help the body deal with the ... Codonopsis has been known as a unique Chinese herb that supports the body in fighting diabetes. It is very effective in ... It Boost blood quality: Codonopsis root can help to boost the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and increase the number of red ...
more infohttps://organic.ng/3-benefits-of-codonopsis-root-powder/

Codonopsis Pilosula Seed Germination China Manufacturers & Suppliers & FactoryCodonopsis Pilosula Seed Germination China Manufacturers & Suppliers & Factory

We are Professional Manufacturer of Codonopsis Pilosula Seed Germination company, Factory & Exporters specialize in Codonopsis ... Find Codonopsis Pilosula Seed Germination Manufacturers & Suppliers from China. ... Codonopsis Pilosula Seed Germination codonopsis pilosula seed germination codonopsis pilosula germination Codonopsis Pilosula ... Tea codonopsis pilosula nasiona Codonopsis Pilosula Slice codonopsis pilosula cultivation codonopsis pilosula cena ...
more infohttps://www.lxctyy.com/dp-codonopsis-pilosula-seed-germination.html

Shen Ling Bai Zhu Pian (Codonopsis Root Combination) - Traditional Chinese Medicine OnlineShen Ling Bai Zhu Pian (Codonopsis Root Combination) - Traditional Chinese Medicine Online

Codonopsis (root). Poria. Bai-zhu atractylodes (rhizome). Platycodon (root). Chinese yam (rhizome). Tangerine (dried rind) ... Codonopsis Root Combination is one modern preparation of the ancient recipe Shen Ling Bai Zhu San (Ginseng, Poria, and ... Product label: Codonopsis Root Combination. (Shen Ling Bai Zhu). Packing: 150 tablets / bottle. Product of China. ...
more infohttp://ypill.com/products/shenling-baizhu-pian?taxon_id=3

Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Hot Water Extracts of Codonopsis lanceolata Root Skin and Flesh with Different...Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Hot Water Extracts of Codonopsis lanceolata Root Skin and Flesh with Different...

Codonopsis lanceolata;hot water extract;heat treatment;radical scavenging activity;sensory evaluation; ... Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Hot Water Extracts of Codonopsis lanceolata Root Skin and Flesh with Different ... A study on the perception of Codonopsis lanceolata dishes and the development of Codonopsis lanceolata dishes. Korean J. Food ... Effect of Codonopsis lanceolata water extract on the levels of lipid in rats fed high fat diet. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. ...
more infohttp://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=SPGHB5_2016_v48n2_104

SURVIVAL AND GROWTH OF Codonopsis javanica (A MEDICINAL PLANT) IN DIFFERENT FERTILIZATIONS
							| PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY...SURVIVAL AND GROWTH OF Codonopsis javanica (A MEDICINAL PLANT) IN DIFFERENT FERTILIZATIONS | PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY...

Codonopsis javanica is a medicinal plant, which has been widely used in China, India, Laos, Japan, and Vietnam. It can be used ... SURVIVAL AND GROWTH OF Codonopsis javanica (A MEDICINAL PLANT) IN DIFFERENT FERTILIZATIONS Article Sidebar. Requires ... SON, C. D., DO, T. V., DUC, V. T., & THINH, P. D. (2019). SURVIVAL AND GROWTH OF Codonopsis javanica (A MEDICINAL PLANT) IN ... Technique guiding for planting and tending Codonopsis javanica; 2017.. Chen M, Peng WH, Hou CW, Chen CY, Chen HH, Kuo CH, ...
more infohttp://www.ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/4825

Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Study of Methanol Extract of Stems and Roots of Codonopsis clematidea from...Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Study of Methanol Extract of Stems and Roots of Codonopsis clematidea from...

Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Study of Methanol Extract of Stems and Roots of Codonopsis clematidea from ... Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Study of Methanol Extract of Stems and Roots of Codonopsis clematidea from ... Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Study of Methanol Extract of Stems and Roots of Codonopsis clematidea from ... Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Activity Study of Methanol Extract of Stems and Roots of Codonopsis clematidea from ...
more infohttps://www.phcogj.com/article/891

北京大学医学部机构知识库(IR@PKUHSC): Genetic polymorphism of medicinally-used Codonopsis species in an internal transcribed spacer sequence...北京大学医学部机构知识库([email protected]): Genetic polymorphism of medicinally-used Codonopsis species in an internal transcribed spacer sequence...

Codonopsis Radix has been prescribed as the roots of Codonopsis pilosula, C. pilosula var. modesta and C. tangshen in Chinese ... In order to find out genetic markers for identifying the 3 taxa and to authenticate Codonopsis Radix, the molecular analysis of ... He, Jing Yu,et al."Genetic polymorphism of medicinally-used Codonopsis species in an internal transcribed spacer sequence of ... He, Jing Yu,Zhu, Shu,Komatsu, Katsuko,Goda, Yukihiro,&Cai, Shao-Qing.(2014).Genetic polymorphism of medicinally-used Codonopsis ...
more infohttp://ir.bjmu.edu.cn/handle/400002259/66404
  • Also known as poor man's ginseng , Codonopsis is often combined with herbs with similar properties, such as astragalus and lycii berries . (herbco.com)
  • The most common use of codonopsis is to increase energy. (herbco.com)
  • Chen M, Peng WH, Hou CW, Chen CY, Chen HH, Kuo CH, Korivi M. Codonopsis javanica root extracts attenuate hyperinsulinemia and lipid peroxidation in fructose-fed insulin resistant rats. (ikprress.org)
  • Macchioni F, Carugini S, Cecchi F, Siciliano T, Braca A, Cioni P, Morelli I. Aqueous extract of Codonopsis javanica against larval and pupal stages of Aedes albopictus [tiger mosquito]. (ikprress.org)
  • Essential oil constituents from the leaves of Anoectochilus setaceus, Codonopsis javanica and Aristolochia kwangsiensis from Vietnam. (ikprress.org)
  • Codonopsis has been known as a unique Chinese herb that supports the body in fighting diabetes. (organic.ng)
  • Codonopsis has long been one of the main Chinese herbs to support the body in the fight against diabetes, and to generally reduce complications from diabetes. (solsticemed.com)
  • Codonopsis is thought to benefit the entire body by boosting strength, increasing stamina and alertness, rejuvenating the body, strengthening the immune system, aiding recovery from chronic illness, reducing stress, and stimulating the appetite. (health24.com)
  • Codonopsis is essential in maintaining a healthy immune system. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Some studies have noted that codonopsis seems to improve how your body responds to inflammation in some immune system cells. (solsticemed.com)
  • Codonopsis , and Leptocodon might be interpreted as supporting their merger as a single genus, while the distinctness of Type I and Type II pollen might be interpreted as supporting the recognition of Cyclocodon as a genus distinct from Codonopsis . (sinica.edu.tw)
  • Recently, Grey-Wilson (1990) has proposed that Codonopsis be enlarged further through the incorporation of Leptocodon , a genus of two species endemic to the Himalayas, from India to Burma. (sinica.edu.tw)
  • Leptocodon resembles Codonopsis overall, but differs in the possession of a unique set of five glands atop the ovary, alternate with the stamens. (sinica.edu.tw)
  • This genus of five species is likewise endemic to eastern Asia, though its distribution extends farther south than Codonopsis , to tropical India, Indochina, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and New Guinea (Moeliono and Tuyn, 1960). (sinica.edu.tw)
  • Codonopsis protects against alcoholic fatty liver in the rat. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Codonopsis protects women's health and alleviate bone and joint pains. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Codonopsis prevents digestive issues, uterine bleeding and rheumatism. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Codonopsis has been used to help treat hypertension and to boost your endurance for stress. (organic.ng)
  • As currently recognized, Codonopsis includes two other groups sometimes separated as distinct genera, i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common use of codonopsis is to increase energy. (herbco.com)
  • Codonopsis is used in traditional Chinese medicine and is commonly processed as tea, tincture or tablet. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Codonopsis is found to possess interferon-forming properties that may prove helpful in people with compromised immunity such as those infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. (naturalpedia.com)
  • The astringent properties found in codonopsis are also beneficial in addressing uterine bleeding. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Type III grains (found in all accessions of Codonopsis subg. (sinica.edu.tw)
  • furthermore, it lacks the distinctive foxy odor found in most Codonopsis, and the ovary is often 6-locular with a 6-lobed stigma. (sinica.edu.tw)
  • Some studies have noted that gingko and codonopsis together were more effective than placebo in improving memory function. (solsticemed.com)