The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.
An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the pharmacist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the pharmacist in health care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.
The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)
The specific patterns of changes made to HISTONES, that are involved in assembly, maintenance, and alteration of chromatin structural states (such as EUCHROMATIN and HETEROCHROMATIN). The changes are made by various HISTONE MODIFICATION PROCESSES that include ACETYLATION; METHYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; and UBIQUITINATION.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
The educational process of instructing.
Those individuals engaged in research.
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
The point at which religious ensoulment or PERSONHOOD is considered to begin.
Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
One of the principal schools of medical philosophy in ancient Greece and Rome. It developed in Alexandria between 270 and 220 B.C., the only one to have any success in reviving the essentials of the Hippocratic concept. The Empiricists declared that the search for ultimate causes of phenomena was vain, but they were active in endeavoring to discover immediate causes. The "tripod of the Empirics" was their own chance observations (experience), learning obtained from contemporaries and predecessors (experience of others), and, in the case of new diseases, the formation of conclusions from other diseases which they resembled (analogy). Empiricism enjoyed sporadic continuing popularity in later centuries up to the nineteenth. (From Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p186; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in clinical trials. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the "Common Rule") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.
A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
Experimentation on, or using the organs or tissues from, a human or other mammalian conceptus during the prenatal stage of development that is characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures. In humans, this includes the period from the time of fertilization to the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.
A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.
The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.
The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
A late 20th-century philosophical approach or style of cultural analysis that seeks to reveal the cultural or social construction of concepts conventionally assumed to be natural or universal. (from E.R. DuBose, The Illusion of Trust: Toward a Medical Theological Ethics in the Postmodern Age, Kluwer, 1995)
Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Programs in which participation is not required.
A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc)
The expected function of a member of a particular profession.
Programs in which participation is required.
Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. The body of written works produced in a particular language, country, or age. (Webster, 3d ed)
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
The act, process, or an instance of narrating, i.e., telling a story. In the context of MEDICINE or ETHICS, narration includes relating the particular and the personal in the life story of an individual.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Tissue, organ, or gamete donation intended for a designated recipient.
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.
Persons as individuals (e.g., ABORTION APPLICANTS) or as members of a group (e.g., HISPANIC AMERICANS). It is not used for members of the various professions (e.g., PHYSICIANS) or occupations (e.g., LIBRARIANS) for which OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS is available.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Association with or participation in an act that is, or is perceived to be, criminal or immoral. One is complicitous when one promotes or unduly benefits from practices or institutions that are morally or legally suspect.
A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Indifference to, or rejection of, RELIGION or religious considerations. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
A health professional's obligation to breach patient CONFIDENTIALITY to warn third parties of the danger of their being assaulted or of contracting a serious infection.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Financial support of research activities.
Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.
An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.

Medical practice: defendants and prisoners. (1/153)

It is argued in this paper that a doctor cannot serve two masters. The work of the prison medical officer is examined and it is shown that his dual allegiance to the state and to those individuals who are under his care results in activities which largely favour the former. The World Health Organisation prescribes a system of health ethics which indicates, in qualitative terms, the responsibility of each state for health provisions. In contrast, the World Medical Association acts as both promulgator and guardian of a code of medical ethics which determines the responsibilities of the doctor to his patient. In the historical sense medical practitioners have always emphasized the sanctity of the relationship with their patients and the doctor's role as an expert witness is shown to have centered around this bond. The development of medical services in prisons has focused more on the partnership between doctor and institution. Imprisonment in itself could be seen as prejudicial to health as are disciplinary methods which are more obviously detrimental. The involvement of medical practitioners in such procedures is discussed in the light of their role as the prisoner's personal physician.  (+info)

How physician executives and clinicians perceive ethical issues in Saudi Arabian hospitals. (2/153)

OBJECTIVES: To compare the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians regarding ethical issues in Saudi Arabian hospitals and the attributes that might lead to the existence of these ethical issues. DESIGN: Self-completion questionnaire administered from February to July 1997. SETTING: Different health regions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 457 physicians (317 clinicians and 140 physician executives) from several hospitals in various regions across the kingdom. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians regarding the existence of various ethical issues in their hospitals. The vast majority of physician executives did not perceive that seven of the eight issues addressed by the study were ethical concerns in their hospitals. However, the majority of the clinicians perceived that six of the same eight issues were ethical considerations in their hospitals. Statistically significant differences in the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians were observed in only three out of eight attributes that might possibly lead to the existence of ethical issues. The most significant attribute that was perceived to result in ethical issues was that of hospitals having a multinational staff. CONCLUSION: The study calls for the formulation of a code of ethics that will address specifically the physicians who work in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. As a more immediate initiative, it is recommended that seminars and workshops be conducted to provide physicians with an opportunity to discuss the ethical dilemmas they face in their medical practice.  (+info)

The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. (3/153)

A common ethical code for everybody involved in health care is desirable, but there are important limitations to the role such a code could play. In order to understand these limitations the approach to ethics using principles and their application to medicine is discussed, and in particular the implications of their being prima facie. The expectation of what an ethical code can do changes depending on how ethical properties in general are understood. The difficulties encountered when ethical values are applied reactively to an objective world can be avoided by seeing them as a more integral part of our understanding of the world. It is concluded that an ethical code can establish important values and describe a common ethical context for health care but is of limited use in solving new and complex ethical problems.  (+info)

Arguments for zero tolerance of sexual contact between doctors and patients. (4/153)

Some doctors do enter into sexual relationships with patients. These relationships can be damaging to the patient involved. One response available to both individual doctors and to disciplinary bodies is to prohibit sexual contact between doctors and patients ("zero tolerance"). This paper considers five ways of arguing for a zero tolerance policy. The first rests on an empirical claim that such contact is almost always harmful to the patient involved. The second is based on a "principles" approach while the third originates in "virtues" ethics. The fourth argues that zero tolerance is an "a priori" truth. These four attempt to establish that the behaviour is always wrong and ought, therefore, to be prohibited. The fifth argument is counterfactual. It claims a policy that allowed sexual contact would have unacceptable consequences. Given the responsibility of regulatory bodies to protect the public, zero tolerance is a natural policy to develop.  (+info)

On becoming non-judgmental: some difficulties for an ethics of counselling. (5/153)

The growth in the availability of counselling services has been accompanied by growing concern about the conduct of counsellors, which in turn has led to the expressed need for an ethics of counselling. This paper will argue that there is an inherent tension between this need and the central tenets of one variety of counselling, client-centred counselling. The tension is identifiable on the basis of an inquiry into the nature of moral judgment which results in the recognition of the implicit value base in client-centred counselling. It is only when this value base is made explicit that any adequate ethics of counselling becomes a viable possibility.  (+info)

Power and the teaching of medical ethics. (6/153)

This paper argues that ethics education needs to become more reflective about its social and political ethic as it participates in the construction and transmission of medical ethics. It argues for a critical approach to medical ethics and explores the political context in medical schools and some of the peculiar problems in medical ethics education.  (+info)

Would you like to know what is wrong with you? On telling the truth to patients with dementia. (7/153)

OBJECTIVES: To discover what dementia sufferers feel is wrong with them; what they have been told and by whom, and what they wish to know about their illness. BACKGROUND: Ethical guidelines regarding telling truth appear to be equivocal. Declarations of cognitively intact subjects, attitudes of family members and current psychiatric practice all vary, but no previous research has been published concerning what patients with dementia would in fact like to know about their diagnosis and prognosis. DESIGN: Questionnaire study of the patients' opinions. SETTING: Old Age Psychiatry Service in Worcester. PARTICIPANTS: 30 consecutive patients with dementia. RESULTS: The quality of information received has been poor and many patients have no opportunity to discuss their illness with anybody. Despite that almost half of the participants in this study had adequate insight and a majority declared that they would like to know more about their predicament. CONCLUSIONS: Although many patients would like to know the truth, the rights of those who do not want to know should also be respected. Therefore the diagnosis of dementia should not be routinely disclosed but (just as in other disorders) health care professionals should seek to understand their patients' preferences and act appropriately according to their choice.  (+info)

Medical, legal and ethical considerations in the use of drugs having undesirable side effects.(8/153)

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The Speakers Bureau at VCU Massey Cancer Center is a resource to connect community members with our researchers and clinicians who can share educational information about cancer prevention, early detection, screening, diagnosis, treatment and research. Our cancer experts are happy to speak to schools, civic groups, social clubs, corporations and non-profit, religious and professional organizations.. Masseys experts are very busy folks; please allow us at least three months to fill your request.. Browse our list of topics and submit the request form. We will confirm your request within 72 hours.. ...
Looking for example essays on topic the hippocratic oath? We have over 27 full length essays, book reports, and term papers on the topic the hippocratic oath. Click to see page 1 now!
DPN opposes the death penalty in all cases, unconditionally, regardless of the method chosen to kill the condemned prisoner. The death penalty is inherently cruel and degrading, an archaic punishment that is incompatible with human dignity. To end the death penalty is to abandon a destructive diversionary and divisive public policy that is not consistent with widely held values. The death penalty not only runs the risk of irrevocable error, it is also costly to the public purse as well as in social and psychological terms.The death penalty has not been proved to have a special deterrent effect. It tends to be applied in a discriminatory way on grounds of race and class. It denies the possibility of reconciliation and rehabilitation. It prolongs the suffering of the murder victims family and extends that suffering to the loved ones of the condemned prisoner. It diverts resources that could be better used to work against violent crime and assist those affected by it ...
DPN opposes the death penalty in all cases, unconditionally, regardless of the method chosen to kill the condemned prisoner. The death penalty is inherently cruel and degrading, an archaic punishment that is incompatible with human dignity. To end the death penalty is to abandon a destructive diversionary and divisive public policy that is not consistent with widely held values. The death penalty not only runs the risk of irrevocable error, it is also costly to the public purse as well as in social and psychological terms.The death penalty has not been proved to have a special deterrent effect. It tends to be applied in a discriminatory way on grounds of race and class. It denies the possibility of reconciliation and rehabilitation. It prolongs the suffering of the murder victims family and extends that suffering to the loved ones of the condemned prisoner. It diverts resources that could be better used to work against violent crime and assist those affected by it ...
During the past 50 years, more and more countries have abolished the death penalty. Today, more than half of the countries of the world have removed capital punishment from their laws for crimes such as murder. The use of the death penalty is highly controversial, and regularly creates political tension between countries with differing perspectives on the issue. Nevertheless, very little research has been devoted to studying the determinants of death penalty abolition. This thesis is intended as one step towards filling that gap, and studies the political, cultural and socio-economic determinants of abolition of the death penalty. A range of political, cultural and socio-economic factors that are hypothesised to influence the likelihood of abolition are presented. The hypotheses are tested empirically on 145 countries observed in from 1960 to 2004. Event history analysis, more specifically a semiparametric Cox proportional hazards model, is employed. Event history analysis is ideally suited for ...
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The Hippocratic Oath has long embodied all that is good in the medical profession. Those who swear by it vow to act for the benefit of the sick and to prevent harm and injustice from befalling their patients.. But in the correctional system, the Oath is often undermined or, at best, ignored.. The Washington Department of Corrections (WDOC) is an unfortunate example. Medical professionals within the WDOC acknowledge in depositions that its medical staff are required to use a different standard to evaluate patients than is used in the community, and some medical personnel in WDOC concede there is nothing science-based or humane about the policies that govern their decision-making.. These claims are currently the subject of a lawsuit, in U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, brought against WDOC by the non-profit Columbia Legal Services (CLS) on behalf of prisoners throughout the State of Washington. [See, Daniel Haldane, et al. v. G. Stephen Hammond, M.D., et al., No. ...
The Best Application of Hippocrates Oath on different nowadays languages and on Ionic Greek language.Now you can read Hippocratic Oath in the following
1. We recognise that every human being has a right to life. Our rage cannot give way to what are, in no uncertain terms, new cycles of violence. We refuse to deem legitimate any act of violence that would give the State the right to take life in our names. Justice meted by the State cannot bypass complex socio-political questions of violence against women by punishing rapists by death. Death penalty is often used to distract attention away from the real issue - it changes nothing but becomes a tool in the hands of the State to further exert its power over its citizens. A huge set of changes are required in the system to end the widespread and daily culture of rape.. 2. There is no evidence to suggest that the death penalty acts as a deterrent to rape. Available data shows that there is a low rate of conviction in rape cases and a strong possibility that the death penalty would lower this conviction rate even further as it is awarded only under the rarest of rare circumstances. The most ...
This past year, the number of inmates executed in America was the lowest in two decades at 35, according to the Death Penalty Information Center.But death penalty states are having increasing difficulty obtaining the drugs they have used to execute inmates because pharmaceutical companies refuse to associate their drugs with killing peopl
This past year, the number of inmates executed in America was the lowest in two decades at 35, according to the Death Penalty Information Center.But death penalty states are having increasing difficulty obtaining the drugs they have used to execute inmates because pharmaceutical companies refuse to associate their drugs with killing peopl
A British national who was facing the mandatory death penalty for the alleged murder of his girlfriend in Kenya was acquitted on 8th June 2017, as the trial court judge found that the accused had no case to answer, having heard the evidence of the prosecution.. Carl Singleton, from Cumbria, had moved to Kenya in 2013 to live with his girlfriend, Peris Agumbi. Agumbi died in November 2014 after suffering diabetic hypertension and respiratory failure. Singleton was alleged to have deliberately destroyed Agumbis supply of insulin and was charged with her murder.. Helen Law of Matrix Chambers was instructed pro bono by The Death Penalty Project as it assisted local attorney, Anthony Okulo, of Okulo & Company Advocates. For more information, please see here for The Death Penalty Projects press release.. ...
May 15, 2017. Lush Cosmetics and the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP) are holding a series of community engagement events across the country. Using Lushs 200 U.S. stores as a base of activity, each event will educate members of the community on the ways in which the death penalty has failed to improve public safety and encourage people to get involved in the national effort calling for the abolition of capital punishment. ...
As these and similar state efforts have been tied up in court proceedings, death penalty states are turning to compounding pharmacies (i.e., a largely unregulated source of drugs) and invoking secrecy to keep the public from discovering the source of those execution drugs. For an execution to be humane, the drug or drugs used must be exactly what they purport to be, and the only way to know for certain what is in the syringe is to use a FDA-approved drug.. Furthermore, it is critically important that the public, the courts, and condemned prisoners know what drugs will be used in executions. Any lack of transparency around the form or source of the drugs puts condemned prisoners at risk of being executed with drugs that either will not work as planned or will cause excruciating pain and suffering.. Many conservatives see secrecy as a sure sign of government tyranny. In this instance, I agree with them.. It is truly distressing to see so many public officials take questionable, if not illegal, ...
BOSTON - Gary Lee Sampson - sentenced to death and then given a reprieve for murdering two men on the South Shore - now is asking a federal judge to bar prosecutors from seeking the death penalty when a jury again determines his sentence.Sampson, who grew up in Abington, is arguing everything from the trauma that imposing a death sentence inflicts on jurors to the lack of a death penalty in Massachusetts. Sampsons legal team presented a list of motions this week that
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Today on Executive After Hours, I have a special guest announcer, Branson Kelley. Oh, and I am also interviewing Bernie Swain, found of the Washington Speakers Bureau. Bernie comes from simple, humble, and resilient ...
Biography and booking information for Atif Mian, Co-author, House of Debt Professor of Economic and Public Affairs, Princeton University Director, Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance, Woodrow Wilson School. Contact All American Speakers Bureau to inquire about speaking fees and availability, and book the best keynote speaker for your next event.
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A recent Gallup poll found the lowest level of support for the death penalty in America since 1972. Gallups October poll measured Americans abstract support at 60%, a 20-percentage point decline from 1994, when 80% of respondents were in favor of the death penalty for those convicted of murder. Support for the death penalty differed sharply among those who identified themselves with a political party: 81% of Republicans supported the death penalty, while only 47% of Democrats and 60% of Independents favored it. However, support among all three groups has dropped in the last 25 years, with the Democrats support declining 28 percentage points since its peak in 1994. This poll measured the publics support for capital punishment in theory, without any comparison to other punishments. When Gallup and other polls have offered respondents a choice of the proper punishment for murder - the death penalty or life in prison without parole - respondents are about evenly split, with less than 50% ...
DPN opposes the death penalty in all cases, unconditionally, regardless of the method chosen to kill the condemned prisoner. The death penalty is inherently cruel and degrading, an archaic punishment that is incompatible with human dignity. To end the death penalty is to abandon a destructive diversionary and divisive public policy that is not consistent with widely held values. The death penalty not only runs the risk of irrevocable error, it is also costly to the public purse as well as in social and psychological terms.The death penalty has not been proved to have a special deterrent effect. It tends to be applied in a discriminatory way on grounds of race and class. It denies the possibility of reconciliation and rehabilitation. It prolongs the suffering of the murder victims family and extends that suffering to the loved ones of the condemned prisoner. It diverts resources that could be better used to work against violent crime and assist those affected by it ...
COLL-E 104 16508 The Death Penalty in America (Sandys M) (S & H) (3 cr.) 9:05AM 9:55AM TR See Schedule of Classes for discussion section times In our current legal system, the death penalty is presented as the ultimate punishment for the ultimate offense. This course considers whether the application of the death penalty in America meets that standard. In particular, the class will be guided by the following types of questions: What crimes are eligible for the sentence of death? How are decisions made about who receives a sentence of death? Is there racism in our system of capital punishment? Why are people in favor of or opposed to capital punishment? What role does possible incentive have in discussions about the death penalty? What is the purpose of a system of capital punishment ...
The nations 100th death row exoneree, Ray Krone, and Tennesseans for Alternatives to the Death Penalty are launching an open letter to Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam asking that the state not resume executions this year.. In his invitation to join him in signing the letter, Ray reminds citizens of the death penalty systems failings and the continued risk of executing the innocent. Tennessees wrongfully convicted - Paul House, Michael McCormick, Gussie Vann, and Ndume Olatushani - bolster Rays claim that our states system is broken and cannot be trusted.. We ask Governor Haslam to stop all executions until the legislature has considered the recommendations of the Tennessee Committee to Study the Administration of the Death Penalty (2007-2009); to ensure transparency concerning the source of Tennessees lethal injection drugs; and to consider how the millions of dollars wasted on the death penalty might be spent to address the needs of victims families, for more resources for law ...
Contact: [email protected] ATLANTA…The Carter Center, a not-for-profit organization advancing peace and health worldwide, has appointed 21 new members to its Board of Councilors, bringing total membership to 211.. The Board of Councilors is a leadership advisory group that promotes understanding of The Carter Center and its activities among opinion leaders and the broader community. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, former First Lady Rosalynn Carter, and staff members give updates about the Centers activities to board members throughout the year.. Our Board of Councilors creates an intimate link between The Carter Center, the city of Atlanta, and the state of Georgia by helping us to promote the work and mission of the Center in their communities, President Carter said.. Since its founding in 1987, the Board of Councilors has been led by some of Atlantas most distinguished civic leaders, including its current chair, Shan Cooper, chief transformation officer, WestRock ...
Kevin M. Rivera Medina (KR): Over a hundred years ago, groups that had a lot to do with building and developing the Puerto Rican nation were greatly identified with their right to life, over and against the slavery in which many of them found themselves, against the death penalty. Here we see people ranging all the way from Masons to spiritualist groups, and they have carried this struggle against the death penalty with them from way back. So yes, it has been developing for a long time. Another thing, as Carmelo stated very well, is that now in more recent times, when the death penalty is trying to impose itself on the wishes of a people as written down in their constitution, people react to that kind of thing, and they view it, somehow, almost as an attack on what is the identity of their people. So in that sense, this carries an importance for us as a group.. Now, there is a second importance, and that is the importance of the Puerto Rican experience for the rest of the world; it has to do ...
In the city of Chhatrapur, Ganjam district, Odisha state, India, the Councillor for Ward-6 by the name of Laxmidutta Pradhan, who was also a local leader of the Biju Janata Dal (BJD) party, was hacked to death by a group of assailants armed with swords, machetes and stick.. The incident happened in front of the Councillors house and was caught on the houses CCTV cameras. Mr. Pradhans brother attempted to interfere with the assault, but only made it worse. His involvement made the attackers return after they were already leaving and deliver more blows to the Councillor, and also struck the brother a few times, amputating his arm and leaving him in critical condition.. Props to Best Gore member @edward63 for the video: ...
Im a conservative guy - Ive been a Republican my whole life, Sen. Colby Coash, a sponsor of the bill, said before the vote. A lot of my conservative colleagues have come to the conclusion that were there to root out inefficient government programs. Some people see this as a pro-life issue. Other people see it as a good-government issue. But the support that this bill is getting from conservative members is evidence that you can get justice through eliminating the death penalty, and you can get efficient government through eliminating the death penalty.. ...
A recent survey by the Kinder Institute of Houston, Texas, found that more than two-thirds (69%) of area residents preferred alternative sentences over the death penalty, and that number is growing as the population becomes more diverse. The survey asked whether persons convicted of first-degree murder should receive a death sentence, life in prison without parole, or life with the possibility of parole after 25 years. Only 28% of respondents chose the death penalty. Life without parole was the most popular option, receiving 39% support, while life with the possibility of parole was second with 29%. Just four years ago, combined support for alternative sentences was only 54%. The Kinder report noted that in the past three decades the Houston area has been transformed into the most ethnically and culturally diverse large metropolitan region in the nation. Whites now constitute a minority in every age demographic except those 65 and older. This growing diversity may be a factor in changing ...
The University of Memphis does not discriminate against students, employees, or applicants for admission or employment on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity/expression, disability, age, status as a protected veteran, genetic information, or any other legally protected class with respect to all employment, programs and activities sponsored by the University of Memphis. The Office for Institutional Equity has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies. For more information, visit University of Memphis Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action ...
The doctors had violated the Hippocratic Oath including its fundamental principle Primum non nochere - first do no harm (Ghooi, 2011:73). Doctors trIals In nuremberg After the Nuremberg Trials Dr Leo Alexander established six points of ethical conduct and submitted them to the Council for War Crimes. Four more points were added by the council to create The Nuremberg Code in 1947 (Alexander, 1949 ...
In April 2013 local authorities took responsibility for public health. This includes responsibility for improving awareness about hepatitis C and finding the tens of thousands of people who are living with the virus but are undiagnosed.. Please write to your local councillor(s) to let them know what hepatitis C is and that it is a critical but often overlooked area of public health which must be addressed.. It will only take a few minutes to write a letter and it will have a significant impact.. You can write to your councillor(s) by taking the following 3 easy steps:. ...
Read more about Delhi court defers anticipatory bail plea hearing of expelled AAP Councillor Tahir Hussain on Business Standard. A Delhi court on Wednesday deferred the hearing on expelled AAP Councillor Mohd Tahir Hussains anticipatory bail plea in an FIR lodged against him in the alleged killing of an Intelligence Bureau (IB) officer.The court deferred the matter as notice
Explore SMIs board of councilors, the governing body that helps shape the vision and direction of the organization, as well as a nomination form, bylaws, and councilor bios.
Definition of wrongdoing in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is wrongdoing? Meaning of wrongdoing as a legal term. What does wrongdoing mean in law?
DPN opposes the death penalty in all cases, unconditionally, regardless of the method chosen to kill the condemned prisoner. The death penalty is inherently cruel and degrading, an archaic punishment that is incompatible with human dignity. To end the death penalty is to abandon a destructive diversionary and divisive public policy that is not consistent with widely held values. The death penalty not only runs the risk of irrevocable error, it is also costly to the public purse as well as in social and psychological terms.The death penalty has not been proved to have a special deterrent effect. It tends to be applied in a discriminatory way on grounds of race and class. It denies the possibility of reconciliation and rehabilitation. It prolongs the suffering of the murder victims family and extends that suffering to the loved ones of the condemned prisoner. It diverts resources that could be better used to work against violent crime and assist those affected by it ...
Councillors were updated yesterday on the councils progress in implementing the new National Environment Standards for Freshwater and regional water plan changes that came into effect two months ago.. While progress had been made in most areas, councillors had questions about the requirement for farm plans, which one councillor said were creating a traffic jam.. Between the announcement of the new national rules at the beginning of August and the end of September, the council had received 102 public inquires, a report to councillors written by consents manager Joanna Gilroy said.. That led to staff thanking councillors for approving an annual budget increase of $1million to hire 16 new staff to ensure Otago complied with the new national freshwater standards in August.. A new staff member would start next month to help respond to public inquiries, which had spiked.. Other progress included creating an information hub on its website about the new national and regional water rules, training ...
NOT ABUSE THEIR POSITION FOR PERSONAL GAIN.. AZAPO will mandate its councillors to interact with the communities they serve through ward committees and other community organs, such as street committees, community policing fora, and where these do not exist or are inadequate, AZAPO councillors will assist the community in creating them. No AZAPO councillor will live outside the community/ ward they represent. Within the limits of the current governance system, AZAPO will recall any councillor or councillors the community wants removed due to poor performance. 3.2 ROOT OUT CORRUPTION. Corruption means the diversion of much needed resources for service delivery and development to the unjust enrichment of individuals or organisations. Therefore corruption is far from being a victimless crime, its victims are the thousands of people who need the state to deliver much needed services.. To root out corruption, AZAPO will ensure that municipalities have strong internal and external supervision, and ...
The Oath is arguably the best known text of the Hippocratic Corpus, although most modern scholars do not attribute it to Hippocrates himself, estimating it to have been written in the fourth or fifth century BC.[7] Alternatively, classical scholar Ludwig Edelstein proposed that the oath was written by the Pythagoreans, an idea that others questioned for lack of evidence for a school of Pythagorean medicine.[8]. Its general ethical principles are also found in other works of the Corpus: the Physician mentions the obligation to keep the holy things of medicine within the medical community (i.e. not to divulge secrets); it also mentions the special position of the doctor with regard to his patients, especially women and girls.[9] However, several aspects of the Oath contradict patterns of practice established elsewhere in the Corpus. Most notable is its ban on the use of the knife, even for small procedures such as lithotomy, even though other works in the Corpus provide guidance on performing ...
RIYADH (Reuters) - Saudi Arabia must stop the use of the death penalty following a significant increase in executions in the kingdom in the last six weeks, Amnesty International said Friday.. At least 27 people have been executed in the top oil exporter in 2011, equalling the total number of people executed in 2010 while 15 were executed in May alone, the rights group said in a statement.. Rape, murder, apostasy, armed robbery and drug trafficking are all punishable by death under the kingdoms strict interpretation of sharia law.. The Saudi authorities must immediately stop executions and commute all death sentences, with a view to abolishing the death penalty completely, said Philip Luther, the groups deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa.. Amnesty is aware of over 100 prisoners, many of whom are foreign nationals currently on death row, he added.. A spokesman at the Ministry of Interior was not immediately available to comment.. Two Saudi brothers Muhammad Jaber Shahbah ...
To the editor:. Incumbent councilors at-large Melissa Cox and Jamie OHara do their homework. They also respectfully listen to their constituents, whether they agree with them or not. They deserve to be reelected.. Candidates for councilors at large Chris DiMercurio Sicuranza, Peter Cannavo, John McCarthy and Joe Ciolino also seem to share those traits. Any two of them would be good additions to the Gloucester City Council.. However, I cannot make the same recommendation for incumbent Jen Holmgren. One thing that councilor at large Holmgren does not do is her homework, not consistently. Neither is she responsive or respectful to constituents. She not only never returned my calls or responded to my emails, when I saw her in person she angrily told me that she would not talk to me, listen to me or read anything I send her because she trusts the opinion of the chairman of the Gloucester Board of Health on the topic of fluoridation. But, its not just me who she ignores and abuses.. I was forwarded ...
An opposition Pailin commune councillor was arrested on Tuesday shortly after he posted a video on social media rejecting Prime Minister Hun Sens offer to CNRP officials to jump ship and join the CPP in anticipation of the partys potential dissolution. On Sunday, the premier said CNRP defectors would be welcomed into the ruling partys fold and be able to keep their jobs, an offer very few councillors have accepted so far. A day later, Stung Kach Commune Councillor Chhun Sithy live-streamed his rejection of Hun Sens offer on his Facebook account. He was arrested less than 24 hours later and was still being questioned at the Pailin Provincial Court last night.
The Advocates for Human Rights, in collaboration with the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty, the Foundation for Human Rights Initiative, and Parliamentarians for Global Action, submitted a joint stakeholder report on Ugandas human rights obligations relating to the death penalty to the UN Human Rights Council for its November 2016 Universal Periodic Review of Uganda. Uganda has the greatest number of crimes eligible for the death penalty of any country in the East African region. International human rights standards limit the use of the death penalty to the most serious crimes, but Ugandan law allows the death penalty for crimes such as treason, aggravated robbery, and smuggling while armed with a deadly weapon. As of March 2016, there were 208 people on death row (197 men and 11 women), but the last execution was in 2005. Ugandan courts issued four death sentences in 2015. As a result of the landmark 2009 Kigula case, the death penalty is no longer mandatory for capital offenses. The ...
Paul. There is an ongoing debate within the Church, including moral theologians and Bishops, regarding the status of the acceptance or rejection of the death penalty. It is cases like those you ask about that provoke the debate.. We do know this:. Aborting a child is an intrinsic evil Capital punishment should be avoid whenever necessary and should be unwarranted in a civilized society, but that would mean that justice is consonant with the natural law in the culture where the death penalty is rarely used. That is not the case in a nation like ours that uses its laws to approve the direct killing of the innocent in situations like abortion and euthanasia.. Therefore in the USA at this time any ban on capital punishment is hypocritical because the law condones the direct killing of innocent people prior to birth. That is a double standard.. Finally the Church has not defined capital punishment as an intrinsic evil.. Judie Brown ...
The vaccination plan - for which health employees should have priority - was broken in San Andres de Giles, where at least 20 people were vaccinated irregularly, including two councilors from the Frente de Todos, that governs the municipality.. In the midst of the uproar among neighbors, the opposition bloc Juntos por el Cambio issued a statement to publicly denounce the situation and issue an energetic repudiation for the violation of existing protocols.. In turn, they announced that the vaccinated councilors were Laura Branchini and Mariana Cané, from the same political space as the mayor Carlos Puglielli, from whom they demanded an answer.. With total lack of respect for the residents of our city, making use of their political position, they arbitrated the necessary means tending to obtain personal benefit with the placement of the vaccine, they noted in the text and added: These events mourn society and who we represent. We believe that its time to stop using public office for ...
Auburn Mayor Jason Levesque, far right, listens to a question posed by City Councilor Andrew Titus, second from right, regarding email use during the City Council meeting on Monday night, Leveques first meeting as mayor. Also shown, from left, are City Councilors David Young, Holly Lasagna and Robert Hayes. (Andree Kehn/Sun Journal)AUBURN - Officials were…
The second was a reference to the Hippocratic Oath: Counsel for the parents stated that the decision to offer the proposed experimental treatment would be consistent with the Hippocratic Oath. I discuss this - and my current view on the case - in an article for the British Medical Journal.. The third was the mention by the parents barrister of a bioethicist, whose article was included in the familys file of evidence to the Court.. The fourth was the decision to appoint a clinical ethicist to chair a Multidisciplinary Team meeting on Monday 17th July 2017.. It is no surprise, therefore, that ethicists have commented on the case. As the court is not expected to make a decision until 25th July, and as we enter a quiet season for the media, many more commentaries will follow.. I attended part of the hearing in the High Court last week. The room was packed with journalists, and the parties were well aware of this. At one point in the proceedings, one barrister interrupted another and suggested that ...
Internal Medicine Alerts Editor, Stephen Brunton, MD, is a consultant for Sanofi-Aventis, Ortho-McNeil, McNeil, Abbott, Novo Nordisk, Eli Lilly, Endo, EXACT Sciences, and Astra-Zeneca, and serves on the speakers bureau of McNeil, Sanofi-Aventis, and Ortho-McNeil. Peer reviewer Gerald Roberts, MD, and associate editors Joseph E. Scherger, MD, MPH, Allan J. Wilke, MD, James Chan, PharmD, PhD, and William T. Elliott, MD, FACP, and authors Matthew E. Fink, MD, and Carol A. Kemper, MD, FACP report no financial relationships to this field of study. Associate editor Malcolm Robinson, MD, FACP, FACG serves as a consultant for TAP, Pfizer, Janssen, Eisai, J&J-Merck, and Procter & Gamble, is on the speakers bureau of Janssen, Eli Lilly, Solvay, TAP, and Aventis, and does research for Forest Labs, Wyeth-Ayerst, AstraZeneca, and Centocor. Associate editor Louis Kuritzky, MD is a consultant for GlaxoSmithKline and is on the speakers bureau of GlaxoSmithKline, 3M, Wyeth-Ayerst, Pfizer, Novartis, ...
By the extension of the abolition of the death penalty, the world has been making a huge progress about the respect for the human rights. In the mid-nineties, when the SantEgidio Community began
The use of the death penalty in Iran violates numerous fundamental human rights and is inconsistent with international standards, [a new report (...)
HRI monitors the death penalty for drugs in law and practice worldwide, and also considers critical developments on the issue. The Extreme Fringe of ...
A ballot measure to repeal Californias death penalty and replace it with life in prison without parole has gained support in the last week and leads by 45 to 38 percent among likely voters in the final Field Poll before Tuesdays election. First vote in 34 yearsProp. 34 is Californians first vote on the death penalty since 1978, when a 71 percent majority approved expansion of a capital punishment law passed by state legislators the previous year. Since executions resumed in 1992, 13 prisoners have been put to death, while 726 condemned inmates remain housed in the nations largest Death Row. Statewide opinion polls continue to show support for the death penalty, but when the same voters are asked which punishment they consider appropriate for murder, slight majorities have preferred life without parole over death. Sponsors of Prop. 34 have stressed the severity of a life sentence with no hope of release and made the cost of the death penalty their leading issue - $130 million a year more than a
Peru will not extradite Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen wanted by the courts in his country for a crime that carries the death penalty, until the Inter-American Court of Human Rights rules on his case, according to a letter from the government to which IPS had exclusive access.
Federal prosecutors tangled in court Monday with defense lawyers for Boston bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev over the government's timeline to make a decision on whether to seek the death penalty in the case. Both Tsarnaevs defense attorneys and the U.S. District Attorney for Boston are required...
It is still not known how he got the Benadryl into their system or the exact cause of death, with the Medical Examiner only providing part of the toxicology report.. A grand jury indicted Todt on four counts of first-degree murder last month, and he could be sentenced to death after the States Attorney elected to bring back the death penalty, three years after vowing she would no longer seek that form of punishment.. Orange-Osceola State Attorney Aramis Ayayla announced her decision to reinstate the death penalty in a press conference held on the steps of the courthouse.. Despite my position on the death penalty, my death penalty review board, they move forward, they charge on, they have unanimously voted to seek death in this case, Ayayla told reporters.. Todt, 45, told police that murdered his family and their dog Breezy, for which he faces an additional count of animal cruelty.. He had entered a plea of not guilty to the previous charges of second-degree murder, which the States Attorney ...
A California man convicted of the worst mass killing in Orange County history was spared the death penalty on Friday after a judge found that serious misconduct by prosecutors had violated his rights to a fair trial.
The Los Angeles County District Attorneys Office announced Monday, July 13 that four people charged with murder for the Brooklyn rapper with two of them being eligible for death penalty.
Before a scheduled execution, an additional officer is assigned to Death Row to observe the offender under sentence. Prior to the execution, the offender is transferred to a holding cell, adjacent to the execution room. The holding cell is where the offender is offered a visit from a spiritual adviser.. The current method of execution is lethal injection. Indiana uses a three-drug protocol to carry out execution orders: Brevitol - to induce unconsciousness; Pancuronium or Vecuronium Bromide - to paralyze the respiratory system (stop breathing); and Potassium Chloride - to stop the heart.. Additional information on the death penalty and statistics can be found here, or by visiting www.clarkprosecutor.org or www.Indiana.gov/ipdc. *Page updated 1/16/2014. ...
A Texas man was charged today with murdering his estranged wife and her unborn child, a capital murder charge that carries the death penalty. Detectives arrested Matthew Sowders, 28, of Harris County Thursday night, hours after a diving team recovered the body of his estranged wife Melissa Sowders, 26, from Cypress Creek, which is behind Sowders home.
HUNTSVILLE, Ala. - The Alabama Legislature has given final passage to a measure that would shorten the appeals process in state court for inmates sentenced to the death penalty. The measure
A man arrested after a South Lebanon murder could face the death penalty pending an aggravated murder conviction, the Warren County prosecutor said Monday.
When the General Assembly abolished the death penalty two years ago, this newspaper said the state should have the courage and consistency to outlaw
American Medical Association Boys Guide to Becoming a Teen by American Medical Association, 9780470335536, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
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Keyword(s): academics, ACS, autonomy, beneficence, billing fraud, clinical trial, dignity, efficiency, EHR, ethics, ethics committee, fellow, grant funding, health resources, healthcare, Hippocratic oath, honesty, industry, informed consent, innovation, justice, leadership, non-maleficence, PA, plagerism, policy, professional conduct, professionalism, promotion, quality, research, respect, RVU, safety, SCORE curriculum, truthfulness ...
Supplemental Councillor Bertin asked whether the Leader would expedite the matter. The Leader pointed out that he already had, reiterating part of his earlier reply. In facilitating this, the Council would provide information regarding the nature of the scheme and type of goods required. (iv) Question from Councillor R.J. Bertin There are a group of former workers of the Butlins camp at Barry Island who would like to see a Blue Plaque installed remembering the site. Would the Cabinet Member please tell this Council what support could be given to this group to help them get this plaque installed? Reply from the Cabinet Member for Regeneration, Innovation, Planning and Transportation I am aware of the group and I can confirm that this is a matter that has also been brought to the attention of Welsh Government officials in their role of administering the Barry Regeneration Area Board. I recently discussed the idea with officials in the context of the significant investment that will be made on ...
EDMONTON, Feb. 14, 2013- Dr. Cy Frank joins the Health Council of Canada, as first councillor appointed by the province of Alberta.
THE fight against controversial plans to add fluoride to Southamptons tap water is being taken to the top by one community leader.. Health chiefs have already voted in favour of fluoridation and are working with Southern Water to implement the scheme, but the campaign against the mass medication plans is still going strong.. Despite a public consultation in which 72 per cent of people living in the affected area voted against fluoridation, bosses from South Central Strategic Health Authority (SHA) approved the plans last month. It means 195,000 residents in Southampton, Totton and parts of Eastleigh will receive fluoridated water to improve dental health among children. Fluoridation is set to be implemented by the end of 2010.. David Harrison, pictured, Hampshire County Councillor for Totton South - where about 8,000 homes will be included in the fluoridation scheme, has lodged a formal complaint with the SHA.. ...
14 November 2016 - Councillor Jobs in Risers Overseas - Hyderabad. Must council students and look after emails and follow up students .Must research about universities
Lusaka - Zambia: SINAZONGWE Town Council Chairman Alick Muleya has challenged his Councillors to ensure that development is delivered to people in their respect
TOOWOOMBA Regional Councillor John Gouldson is unlikely to support moves to dismantle the regions existing water fluoridation system.
Hoping to make a difference with all the corruption scandals in the Spanish government right now, 30-year-old Ángela Covadonga Bachiller makes history by becoming Spains first Down Syndrome Councillor in Valladolid.
AN IFP ward councillor in the party-led Umvoti (Greytown) Municipality was killed along with one of his passengers in an ambush yesterday allegedly linked to political intolerance between the IFP and the ANC in the area. ...
Presented to the Northern Symposium at Chester on 6th October 2001.. I would like to start with a little history to place homeopathy in context with the medical profession, then give a little theory, and end up with the how to use it section.. The basic principle of homeopathy is Similia Similibus Curentur - Let like be cured by like. Two great early medical writers, Hippocrates, of the Medical Oath fame (460-357BC) and Galen (130-200 AD) both mentioned Similia Similibus Curentur in their writings but both worked mainly on the Contraria Contrariis Curentur principle. That is they preferred to use a drug that had the opposite effect to the symptoms shown by the patient. Or to put it another way, they would give two of sand and one of cement to a patient with diarrhoea.. Paracelsus, 1493-1541, was the first recorded medical practitioner to suggest that the Similia principle was the most effective method of medicine, but he never developed it into a complete system of medicine. That honour was ...
By joining Vaccine Choice Canada, you receive our internationally acclaimed newsletter twice a year as well as privileged access to our newsletter archive. To support our educational and outreach work , please join Vaccine Choice Canada today. Sign Me Up!. ...
A mothers failures are etched on Mark Anthony Solizs face. Its the damaged face of a child whose mother drank heavily, sniffed paint and used drugs while pregnant, the face of a youth who was largely abandoned. The face of a killer.. Now, with Soliz sitting on Texas Death Row awaiting an execution date, the long-ago failings of his mother could hold the key to sparing his life. Solizs appeal of his capital murder conviction in the death of a Godley grandmother has joined a growing list of cases nationwide seeking to exclude the death penalty for defendants with fetal alcohol syndrome, a form of brain damage caused by maternal alcohol abuse.. Experts say the death penalty should be off the table in such cases, just as the U.S. Supreme Court has abolished the death penalty for defendants with mental retardation. Prosecutors and victims advocates, however, say its a guise for going easy on killers who show no such mercy to their victims..... [I]n a groundbreaking decision in the Atkins case in ...
The category is for the listing of sites entirely, or mainly, concerned with professional organizations made up of those who practice Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on animals, to include veterinarians and other health professionals. This category is intended for educative, service-oriented, non-commercial sites, although commercial sites with valuable educative content will be considered.
Committees and Professional Organizations in the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City, Kansas. Service is a requirement on the Annual Faculty Evaluation and Promotion and Tenure. Below are committees which members can serve. Discuss with your mentor reasonable commitments.
Sam Kass offers fresh and informative insights as he explores the latest developments in health, wellness, and the future of consumption. A tech entrepreneur, food expert and former senior policy advisor for the White House, Kass brings a wealth of expertise and experiences to redefine and inspire the way consumers and corporations approach these evolving markets.. ...
An inspiring story of innovative leadership and organizational transformation, Mike Abrashoff took command of the worst-performing ship in the fleet and made it #1 by changing his leadership style and the culture-not the crew.. ...
Codes of ethics. Read at WPA regional symposium, Geneva, 1996. 175. Co-morbidity of axis I and II diagnosis in a sample of ... WPA Code of Ethics and Culture- Read at European congresss in Geneva 2005 252. Transcultural Aspect of Values and Partnership ... Ethics for the Physician and Ethics in the management of the Terminally ill Patient. Egyptian Journal of Bronchology. Vol 2, No ... Ethics of Euthanasia in Nazi Program, read at the 11th World Congress of Psychiatry, Hamburg August 1999. 189. Challenges of ...
"The Ethics of Undercover Journalism". cjr.org. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 1 December 2014. "SPJ Code of Ethics". spj ... According to the Society of Professional Journalists' Code of Ethics, "[j]ournalists should [...] [a]void undercover or other ... His ethics have been under scrutiny for alleged manipulation of these recordings in order to make subjects appear guilty of ... While journalism aims to seek and report the truth, the ethics of how the truth is revealed should always be considered. If ...
ISBN 978-0-415-10453-1. The Penal Code Act, 2008. sudantribune.com Al-Adab al-Mufrad, Book 1, Hadith 1232 Sahih al-Bukhari, ... The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge (UK) Press. pp. 235-237. ISBN 0415275881. v t e. ... South Sudan: The Criminal Code states that arranging, promoting or organizing fights between cocks, rams, bulls or other ...
"Code of Ethics and Standards". Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of America. Retrieved 26 February 2020. James, Kathryn ( ... The Code of Ethics and Standards of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of America states: "An Association member shall be ...
Code of Ethics (adopted 1964). NSPE. "NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers". National Society of Professional Engineers. Retrieved ... NSPE published Canons of Ethics for Engineers and Rules of Professional Conduct in 1946, which evolved to the current Code of ... Lauren Zumbach (September 9, 2013). "Software Engineers Need a Crash Course in Ethics". Slate. Retrieved September 9, 2013. " ... Engineering Glossary of engineering California Society of Professional Engineers Engineering ethics NSPE. "About NSPE - Vision ...
"World Archaeological Congress Codes Of Ethics". World Archaeological Congress. 1990. Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. ... J. Lynott; Alison Wylie (eds.). "Principles of Archaeological Ethics". Ethics and Archaeology: Challenges for the 1990s. ... 2003). "Archaeological Ethics and American Indians". Ethical Issues in Archaeology. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press: ... 2003). "In the Spirit of the Code". Ethical Issues in Archaeology. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press: 177-197. Society ...
... s3.amazonaws.com/rdcms-aaa/files/production/public/FileDownloads/pdfs/issues/policy-advocacy/upload/AAA-Ethics-Code-2009.pdf ... Ethics and the profession of anthropology : dialogue for ethically conscious practice. Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. (2nd ed.). ... Cyber anthropologists also study digital and cyber ethics along with the global implications of increasing connectivity. With ... 2009). 2009 AAA Code of Ethics. Retrieved from >http:// ...
MIKE PRESTON - San Marcos councilman (2009-01-27). "FORUM: San Marcos needs ethics code". Nctimes.com. Archived from the ...
"Code of Ethics for Museum Workers". The American Magazine of Art. 16 (10): 555. 1925. JSTOR 23929966. Gilmore, Jean Allman; ... The American Association of Museums published its "Code of Ethics for Museum Workers" in 1925 which presaged the creation of ...
"Code of Ethics". Archived from the original on 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-01-07. "Supplement Makers Touting Cures for ... and manufacturer member companies also agree to adhere to additional voluntary guidelines as well as to CRN's Code of Ethics. ...
The AASW code of ethics is a document for social workers in Australia created to guide and assist in reaching professional ... The AASW created a code of ethics that governs the conduct of social workers and promotes the interests of social workers in ... "Code of Ethics". Retrieved 10 June 2011. Continuing Professional Education Policy (2006). Canberra: Australian Association of ... It identifies core values and ethics to provide a guide for ethical and accountable practice. The document presents three core ...
"Code of Ethics". www.careercollegesontario.ca. Retrieved December 30, 2018. "What are Career Colleges?". careercollegesontario. ... and the member campuses are obligated to adhere to the CCO member's code of ethics. CCO career colleges deliver career-specific ...
Since 2012, the Code of Ethics includes an LGBT non-discrimination policy. The 2018 revision of the Code of Ethics includes 19 ... The second section, "Purpose of the NASW Code of Ethics," provides an overview of the Code's main functions and a brief guide ... "Code of Ethics". National Association of Social Workers (NASW). Retrieved 2020-07-22. Delavega, Elena; Lennon-Dearing, Robin ( ... The 1996 NASW Delegate Assembly (revised by the 2017 NASW Delegate Assembly) approved the NASW Code of Ethics (available in ...
"Genealogist's Code of Ethics". Board for Certification of Genealogists. Archived from the original on 3 June 2019. Retrieved 23 ... "Code of Ethics". The Australasian Federation of Family History Organisations. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. ... "Code of Conduct/Ethics". International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies. Archived from the original on 2 July 2019 ... "Code of Ethics and Professional Practices". Association of Professional Genealogists. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019 ...
"NPPA Code of Ethics". National Press Photographers Association. Retrieved 4 Jul 2015. "501(c)(6) certification letter" (PDF). ... Members of NPPA abide by a strict code of ethics. NPPA was incorporated on October 3, 1947. The original certificate of ...
"Code of Ethics" (PDF). E.C.C.O. Professional Guidelines (II). E.C.C.O. 2003. "Education" (PDF). E.C.C.O. Professional ... II Code of Ethics (2003) III Education and Training (2004) Competences for Access to the Conservation-Restoration Profession ( ...
"NAMS Code of Ethics". Retrieved 2008-02-07. "NAMS-CMS". Retrieved 2008-02-07. NAMS-CMS Website Terewilliger, E.S.; "Product ... The Code of Ethics outlines general best-practice principles for surveyors, professional conduct standards, and protocol for ... NAMS' own ethical code is even more stringent. NAMS' ethical stance can basically be understood as bifocal: firstly, they aim ... Demonstration of mastery over a NAMS Code of Service is the last step in the certification process. Once certified, NAMS ...
"Digital Manipulation Code of Ethics". Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. "Tampered photos , PRI's The World". Pri. ... In the United States, for example, the National Press Photographers Association (NPPA) established a Code of Ethics which ... The U.S. National Press Photographers Association (NPPA) Digital Manipulation Code of Ethics states: As journalists we believe ... ISBN 978-0-262-04248-2. "NPPA Code of Ethics". National Press Photographers Association. January 28, 2017. Lang, Daryl (April ...
"FIAF Code of Ethics". FIAF - International Federation of Film Archives. Retrieved 18 November 2020. Surowiec, Catherine A., ed ... ACE members are non-profit institutions committed to the FIAF Code of Ethics. European film archives have been collecting, ...
2004). Code of Ethics. Prüss-Üstün A., Rapiti E., Hutin Y. (2003). Sharps injuries: global burden of disease from sharps ...
The AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice has addressed such concerns, stating "All actions of the conservation ... "AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice". Archived from the original on March 4, 2000. "Rightful Owners". Nature. 440 (6 ... Conservators should refer to the AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice, which states that the conservation ... Ethics will play an important role in many aspects of the conservator's activities. When choosing which objects are in need of ...
And: "Coaches Code of Ethics". National Federation of State High School Associations. Archived from the original on 17 March ... For example: "Code of Ethics". International Coach Federation. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 13 May ... To this end, coaching bodies and organizations have codes of ethics and member standards. However, because these bodies are not ... In February 2016, the AC and the EMCC launched a "Global Code of Ethics" for the entire industry; individuals, associations, ...
Ethics. 27 (3): 216-233. doi:10.1111/j.1748-720x.1999.tb01455.x. PMID 11067598. "California Penal Code Section 1170". Spaulding ... Ethics. 26 (2): 149-156. doi:10.1111/j.1748-720X.1998.tb01670.x. PMID 11657351. Murphy, Nicole M. (Summer 2012). "Dying to be ... Medicine and Ethics 149 at 156 European Convention of Human Rights (opened for signature 4 November 1950, entered into force 3 ... 27 Journal of Law and Medicine Ethics 213 at 215 European Committee on Crime Problems White Paper on Prison Overcrowding ( ...
Each country has its own tank requirements; in the US, the minimum enclosure size is set by the Code of Federal Regulations, 9 ... Susan Jean Armstrong (2003). Animal Ethics Reader. ISBN 978-0-415-27589-7. "Orcas in Captivity - A look at killer whales in ... "Chapter I: Space requirements". Electronic Code of Federal Regulation. 1. Retrieved 6 September 2015. Whiting, Candace Calloway ...
ISC)² Code of Ethics". (ISC)². 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2008. "How To Certify". (ISC)². 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2008. " ... Attest to the truth of their assertions regarding professional experience and accept the CISSP Code of Ethics. Answer questions ... Ethics, and Security Compliance Management As of 1st July 2020, there were 1,240 (ISC)² members holding the CISSP-ISSMP ...
Journals have individual ethics policies and codes of conduct; there are also some cross-journal voluntary standards. The ... The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) publishes a code of conduct stating, "[t]here must be clear definitions of conflicts ... Some institutional ethics policies ban academics from entering into specific types of COIs, for instance by prohibiting them ... Some research ethics boards, universities, and national laws prohibit gag clauses. Gag clauses may not be legally enforceable ...
Dr Thomas Percival of Manchester publishes his Code of Medical Ethics, coining the expression medical ethics. Luke Howard ... "Writing a Code of Ethics" (PDF). Perspectives on the Professions. Chicago: Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at ...
"Code of Ethics & Standards of Conduct". AITP.org. Retrieved 31 March 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Code of ... The Association requires its members to abide by a code of ethics that has been in place for decades, predating both the HIPAA ... Ethics - Standards of Conduct" (PDF). AITP.org. Retrieved 31 March 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) AITP official ...
"Business Ethics Organisations". Institute of Business Ethics. Retrieved 5 June 2012. "Corporate Responsibility". Herbert Smith ... BITC's "Key Knowledge for CR Practitioners" primer cites CRG's Code of Conduct for CR practitioners under "Key Principles & ... "Key Knowledge for CR Practitioners". Business in the Community (BITC). Retrieved 12 July 2012.[permanent dead link] "Code of ...
There are over 242 codes of ethics in journalism that vary across various regions of the world. The codes of ethics are created ... Most of the codes of ethics serve as a representation of the economic and political beliefs of the society where the code was ... Despite the fact that there are a variety of codes of ethics, some of the core elements present in all codes are: remaining ... Deontological Code) (see Principios Generales, item 7, "a") "Brazil - FENAJ's Code of Ethics" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Archived ...
Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. Retrieved 2012-04-03.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra ... there are very strict fire codes in the city. No fires are allowed even on one's own property. Usually, Iranians living in ... The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics notes that the Purim holiday is based on a lunar calendar, while Nowruz occurs at the ...
"Code of Ethics". American Chiropractic Association. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2014-02-11.. ... "ICA code of Ethics". International Chiropractor's Association. Archived from the original on 2014-04-05.. ... Ethics. Main article: Chiropractic professional ethics. The chiropractic oath is a modern variation of the classical ... has an ethical code "based upon the acknowledgement that the social contract dictates the profession's responsibilities to the ...
... Australia via The Code of Ethics and the Practice Standards, governs the professional practice of audiology for ...
When the government proposed a new federal code of civil procedure in 2006, replacing the cantonal codes of civil procedure, it ... Ethics[edit]. Class action cases present significant ethical challenges. Defendants can hold reverse auctions and any of ... The Austrian Code of Civil Procedure (Zivilprozessordnung - ZPO) does not provide for a special proceeding for complex class- ... 140 bis of the Italian consumers' code and will be in force from 1 July 2009.[32][33][34] ...
So for example Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics,[108] and the Stoic Chrysippus.[109] In contrast, the incompatibilist ... If the codes within the genotype are not designed properly, then the organisms being evolved will be fundamentally handicapped. ... The Ethics (Original work published 1677 ed.). Digireads.com Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 1420931148.. ... "Philosophy 302: Ethics. philosophy.lander.edu. 10 September 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2012. Predeterminism: the philosophical ...
The older established therapies usually have a code of ethics, professional associations, training programs, and so on. The ...
... but ethics opinions made it clear that the new Code allowed J.D.-holders to be called "Doctor", while reaffirming that the ... Initial informal ethics opinions, based on the Canons of Professional Ethics then in force, came down against this.[211][212] ... David Hittner (June 1969). "The Juris "Doctor"-A Question of Ethics?". American Bar Association Journal. 55 (7): 663-665. JSTOR ... As not all state bars adopted the new Code and some omitted the clause permitting the use of the title, confusion over whether ...
... and prestigious journals have been accused of not facilitating replication through the provision of the code and data.[160] ... "Ethics, Rhetoric and Politics of Post-conflict Reconstruction How Can the Concept of Social Contract Help Us in Understanding ...
McLean, G.R.; Trefor Jenkins (2003). The Steve Biko Affair: A Case Study in Medical Ethics. Developing World Bioethics, 3 (1): ... This is now embodied inter alia in the SAMA Code of Conduct and in legal interpretations of doctors' responsibilities".[17] ... Few voiced their opposition to the systematic breaches of medical ethics occasioned by apartheid. Ames was one of the few." ... Human Rights and Ethics in South Africa. Juta and Company Ltd. pp. 91-100. ISBN 1919713484. ...
An Inclusive Theology and Ethics (1999) are the only two full-length Jewish feminist works to focus entirely on theology in ...
"South Australian Lobbyist Code of Conduct and Public Register". Department of Premier & Cabinet. Government of South Australia ... The ethics and morals involved with legally bribing or lobbying are complicated. Lobbying can, at times, be spoken of with ... These potential conflicts of interest could be avoided if a stronger ethics framework were established at the EU level, ... Pietro Semeraro, Trading in Influence and Lobbying in the Spanish Criminal Code, PDF ...
Religious conservatives focus on conducting society as prescribed by a religious authority or code. In the United States, this ... Ethics and Public Policy Center. *Family Research Institute. *Gatestone Institute. *The Heartland Institute ... Traditional conservatives strongly support traditional codes of conduct, especially those they feel are threatened by social ...
... own recognition of the requirements of the medical ethics of the day."[1][11] ... Nuremberg Code. *Guatemala - United States relations. References[edit]. *^ a b c Ethically Impossible: STD Research in ... "the Guatemala experiments involved unconscionable basic violations of ethics, even as judged against the researchers' ...
Created in 1893 and named after Nightingale as the founder of modern nursing, the pledge is a statement of the ethics and ... in the face of opposition from her family and the restrictive social code for affluent young English women.[12] ...
His son Recceswinth, to the contrary, denounced Jews as "polluting the soil of Spain" in 653, and enacted a new code meant to ...
Jaffa, Harry V. (1979). Thomism and Aristotelianism; A Study of the Commentary by Thomas Aquinas on the Nicomachean Ethics ... The foundation of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the 1864 Lieber Code and the first of the Geneva Conventions in ... Arnhart, Larry (1998). Darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Nature SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-3693-4 ... Clayton, Philip; Schloss, Jeffrey (2004). Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective Wm. B. ...
"Ethics for Administering the MBTI Instrument". Retrieved 2009-02-15.. *^ "CAPT-Center for Applications of Psychological Type". ... Precepts and ethics[edit]. These precepts are generally used in the ethical administration of the MBTI: Type not trait. The ... As noted above under Precepts and ethics, the MBTI measures preferences, not ability. The use of the MBTI as a predictor of job ... Holland Codes. *Humorism. *Interaction Styles. *Interpersonal compatibility. *Jungian Type Index. *List of tests § Personality ...
As with all military members, Coast Guard personnel are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). Due to the ... ethics, security, and alcohol/drug abuse prevention and treatment), and field training (including protection against biological ... Uniform Code of Military Justice, recognition of naval aircraft and vessels, and more. In order for recruits to pass boot camp ... where they learn the specifics of their Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC), which is similar to the MOS (Military Occupational ...
The Japanese family system (家 ie) was also regulated by Confucian codes of conduct and had an influence on the establishment of ... The relation originates in Confucian teaching, as well as the morals and ethics that have arrived in Japan from ancient China ... The last factor influencing the senpai-kōhai system was the Civil Code of 1898, which strengthened the rules of privilege of ...
Professional codes offer a basis for making ethical decisions and applying ethical solutions to situations involving ... Information ethics has evolved to relate to a range of fields such as computer ethics,[4] medical ethics, journalism[5] and the ... The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics: 573-585.. *^ a b c d e f g Duthie, Fiona (July 2013). "Libraries and the ... E. Elrod and M. Smith (2005). "Information Ethics", in Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics, ed. by Carl Mitcham. ...
The association has helped establish a code of professional ethics for psychiatrists. The association has also looked into ...
Billiani, Francesca (2001), "Ethics", in Baker, Mona, Routledge Encyclopedia of Translation Studies, New York: Routledge, ISBN ... along with the Marseillaise and the entire Code Napoléon. This was the biggest, most meaningful importation of foreign thought ... a back-translation is often required by the ethics committee or institutional review board.[35] ...
AMA Journal of Ethics. 8 (8): 524-528. doi:10.1001/virtualmentor.2006.8.8.pfor1-0608. ISSN 1937-7010. PMID 23234692.. ... ATC code. *D10AD04 (WHO) Legal status. Legal status. *AU: S4 (Prescription only) ...
A law in the penal code of France governing public officials who move between the public and private sectors[5] requires a ... notably an independent ethics body which would decide which professional activities are subject to a conflict of interest. ... "Article 432-13 du code pénal" Légifrance, service public de la diffusion du droit. Retrieved March 6, 2011 (in French) ... the regulatory framework surrounding the revolving door phenomenon in the European Union could be improved by a stronger ethics ...
Joseph McCabe (1950). A rationalist encyclopaedia: a book of reference on religion, philosophy, ethics, and science (2 ed.). ... At the end of World War I, he joined the Government Code and Cypher School (GCCS) and on 25 July 1939, as Chief Cryptographer, ... My view of religion and ethics is simple: even if we do not believe in God, we should try to live as though we did."" Kam Patel ... He gained renown as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a code name for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons ...
"Journal of Medical Ethics. 16: 61-65. doi:10.1136/jme.16.2.61. PMC 1375929 . PMID 2195170. Retrieved 26 October 2015.. ... "Birth of a legal quandry[sic]: Live-birth abortions a perilous grey zone in Canada's criminal code". National Post. Retrieved ...
"ABC Religion & Ethics.. *. Dixon, R. M. W. (1997). The Rise and Fall of Languages. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521- ... "Ethnologue report for language code: ulk". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 9 August 2009.. ...
"Journal of Medical Ethics. 24 (4): 223-230. doi:10.1136/jme.24.4.223. PMC 1377670. PMID 9752623.. ... and a greater use of congregational judicial procedures to enforce a strict moral code.[79][80] ... Ethics and morality. See also: Jehovah's Witnesses list of "serious sins". All sexual relations outside of marriage are grounds ...
... "combination code")[5] published on the cover and title page (e.g. S. HRG. 110-113; S. PRT. 110-13). A growing number of House ... Congressional Ethics. *Emergency Planning, Preparedness, and Operations. *Interparliamentary Affairs. *Law Revision Counsel ...
a b c d Patrick Olivelle (2009), Dharmasutras - The Law Codes of Ancient India, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0199555376, ... as well as inner rites of resolutions and ethics such as compassion towards all living beings and positive attitude.[8] ... The coming of age ceremony ended with the student reciting his vow of chastity and the code of Brahmacharya.[94] ...
Should an astrologer be uncertain how this Ethics Code may apply in a given situation, the astrologer makes a good faith effort ... A.1 Applicability of This Code. This code applies to the activities of ASA members in their professional work, as well as in ... b) Astrologers whose personal convictions or religious ethics come into conflict with this code clarify their differences where ... F.3 Cooperating With Ethics Investigations. a) Astrologers cooperate in ethics investigations, proceedings and requirements of ...
"A Code of Ethics for Psychology: How Did We Get Here?" (PDF). Decoding the Ethics Code: A Practical Guide for Psychologists ( ... "A Code of Ethics for Psychology: How Did We Get Here?" (PDF). Decoding the Ethics Code: A Practical Guide for Psychologists ( ... "Provisions in The APA Ethics Codes That Address Conflicts between Ethics and Law: A History" (PDF). American Psychological ... "Provisions in the APA Ethics Codes that Address Conflicts Between Ethics and Law: A History". American Psychological ...
In ethics, a "universal code of ethics" is a system of ethics that can apply to every sentient being. Kant believed that what ... Thus all morals and ethics are relative. Later codes of ethics, such as that of Max Stirner, stated that the only ethics that ... However, men like Marx and Engels believed that there could be no universal code of ethics because all ethics and philosophy ... In abiding by these laws, it is possible to see how a universal code of ethics could be built up. ...
... has set out an ethics code of seven principles aimed at building trust between scientists and society. The seven principles: ... Ethics Code for Scientists?. BBC reports that scientists working in the UK government have adopted a Scientific Ethics Code, ... An honor code or ethics code is not a law. How those vauge words are interpreted is actually part of it. (Another example would ... One way a code of ethics helps is if it can be used for legal protection from firing or demotion because of whistleblowing or ...
Enrons Code Of Ethics. * Enrons Code Of Ethics. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/enrons-code-ethics ... Enrons Code Of Ethics. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/enrons-code-ethics ... Enrons Code Of Ethics. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/enrons-code-ethics ... Enrons Code Of Ethics. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/file/enrons-code-ethics ...
Code of Ethics for Nurses is the definitive framework for ethical analysis and decision-making for RNs across all practice ... Code of Ethics for Nurses Regular Price: $33.95 ANA Member Price: Members: please login to receive your discounted pricing. $ ... ANAs Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements is the promise that nurses are doing their best to provide care ... Guide to the Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements: Development, Interpretation, and Application, 2nd Edition ...
... [Article 1] Tourisms contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and ... Article 10] Implementation of the principles of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism ... the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism for conciliation to an impartial third body known as the World Committee on Tourism ...
This Code of Ethics is comprised of ethical standards and codes chosen by the AAFPRS Board of Directors from established and ... Code of Ethics. PREAMBLE. Founded to provide opportunities for the continuing education of surgeons, the American Academy of ... Members are expected to act in accord with the Code of Ethics of the AAFPRS in all contacts with patients, peers and the ... Ethical competence is fostered by the adoption and enforcement of a Code of Ethics, adherence to which is prerequisite for ...
Respo nde nts from compa nies with codes of ethics ( n = 465) rated role set members (top ma nageme nt, superv ... This study i nvestigated effects of codes of ethics o n perceptio ns of ethical behavior. ... codes of ethics ethics climate ethics ratings perceptions of ethical behavior role set ratings ... Weaver, G. R.: 1995, Does Ethics Code Design Matter? Effects of Ethics Code Rationales and Sanctions on Recipients Justice ...
Rules for the Application of Article A.5 of the Code of Ethics Concerning the Prohibition on Betting 28 Jan 2010 , 4 pages , ...
World Anti-Doping Code - The Prohibited List 24 Jun 2010 , 9 pages , Pdf , pdf (91Ko) ...
National Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics - Ethics - International Medical Interpreters Association (IMIA) (Web) ... National Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics - Ethics - National Council on Interpreting in Health Care (NCIHC) ... International Medical Interpreters Association Code of Ethics. * *January 1, 2006. * Publisher: International Medical ... Adopt standards of practice and a code of ethics to reflect the performance expected of interpreters and translators. ...
Coaches have an obligation to be familiar with this Code of Ethics, other applicable ethics codes. Lack of awareness or ... Based on findings of the RRCA, a gross violation of and refusal to change practices related to this Code of Ethics may result ... When a coach is uncertain whether a particular situation or course of action would violate this Code of Ethics, the coach ... All RRCA Certified Coaches must agree to abide by the RRCA Certified Coachs Code of Ethics to finalize the certification ...
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Ethics Codes: Their Nature, Purposes, and Application. Ethics codes typically comprise principles and standards. Ethical ... Ethics codes imperative in conducting research This is an excerpt from Measurement in Sport and Exercise Psychology with Web ... The ethics codes mentioned earlier identify the necessity of being knowledgeable and capable in our work. For example, the APA ... The APA ethics code also emphasizes the importance of making sound work-related decisions based on scientific knowledge and ...
... we join together in living by a code of ethics during our time at Shambhala Mountain Center. This code of ethics applies to all ... The Grievance Procedure provides protocols for reporting violations of the Code of Ethics. Both the Code of Ethics and the ... Consistent with the Code of Ethics, no person who in good faith reports a violation or suspected violation shall suffer ... Shambhala Mountain Center has formally adopted a Code of Ethics and Grievance Procedure, which apply to, among others, SMC ...
Doctor-patient relationships are strengthened by the practice of medical ethics, which can help you create better communication ... Code of Medical Ethics Opinions: Chapter 1 (PDF). AMA Code of Medical Ethics. Visit the Code of Medical Ethics page to access ... These Opinions are offered as ethics guidance for physicians and are not intended to establish standards of clinical practice ... Judge says AMA is right: Title X gag rule violates medical ethics ...
The AOA Code of Ethics embodies principles that serve as a guide to the prudent osteopathic physician in all stages of their ... The AOAs Code of Ethics provides guidance on medical ethics and professional responsibilities. Areas of focus include ... The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Code of Ethics is a document that applies to all physicians who practice ... The AOA has formulated this Code to guide its member physicians in their professional lives. The standards presented are ...
The mission of IFFGD is to inform, assist, and support people affected by gastrointestinal disorders.. Officers and employees of IFFGD shall pursue its clearly stated mission in pursuit of the public good.. IFFGD shall have an active Board of Directors, which is responsible for setting the mission of the organization and oversight of the finances, operations, and policies of the organization.. IFFGD will be vigilant in compliance with laws, regulations, and applicable conventions that govern and regulate the organization.. IFFGD shall manage its funds responsibly and prudently.. ...
NANN Code of Ethics. Ethical behavior is integral to the foundation of nursing. NANN endorses the Code of Ethics for Nurses ... NANN endorses the Code of Ethics for Nurses established by ANA. Because of the expanding nature of the practice of neonatal ... Members of NANN accept the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses as well as our Fundamental Nursing Principles in Patient Care and ... Members of NANN accept the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses as well as the following fundamental principles and use these to ...
The bill is the latest of repeated efforts by Congress to impose an ethics code on the Supreme Court which is exempt from the ... code first promulgated in 1973 by the Judicial Conference. ... Justices Would Get Ethics Code Under New Democrat Bill. The ... It is the latest of repeated efforts by Congress to impose an ethics code on the Supreme Court, which is exempt from the code ... bill is the latest of repeated efforts by Congress to impose an ethics code on the Supreme Court, which is exempt from the code ...
... March 7, 2019. March 7, 2019. TIM RYAN ... Supreme Court justices are currently not legally bound by the same code of conduct as all other federal judges, though a bill ... Justice Elena Kagan told lawmakers that Chief Justice John Roberts is looking into the possibility of drafting a code of ... there are some constitutional concerns about formally putting them under the same code as lower court judges. ...
... Perry C. Francis, ED.D., NCC, ACS, LPC ... Please tell us about the process to revise the ACA code of ethics. ... The 2014 code starts with a preamble and purpose statement. What are the noteworthy changes the task force made in the ... How do the ethics address using new or emerging theories and has that changed in the revision? ...
Journal of Medical Ethics Dec 2000, 26 (6) 447-453; DOI: 10.1136/jme.26.6.447 ... Case-based seminars in medical ethics education: how medical students define and discuss moral problems Thomas M Donaldson, ... Journal of Medical Ethics Dec 2010, 36 (12) 816-820; DOI: 10.1136/jme.2010.036574 ... Journal of Medical Ethics Oct 2010, 36 (10) 620-626; DOI: 10.1136/jme.2009.035238 ...
... As we strive to deliver strong business results, we want to make sure we achieve those results in the right way ... Code of Ethics (PDF). "Ours is a business with many complex dimensions, so being alert to those situations that pose an ethical ... This Code of Ethics is designed to help you understand the aspects of our business where there may be an ethical dimension, and ... Of course no code or policy can answer every question or eventuality in a business like ours, so please speak to your manager ...
Home › About › How we work › EAU Code of Ethics. EAU Code of Ethics. To ensure good governance, interactions should be based on ... The Code of Ethics of the European Association of Urology (EAU) addresses the core values of independence, fair market value ... This Code of Ethics outlines how the EAU works with partners who provide unrestricted sustainable funding to contribute to the ... The EAU Code of Ethics set standards for industry partners with regard to ethical interactions with the healthcare community. ...
Welcoming Environment, Code of Ethics, and Whistleblower Policy. Welcoming Environment. The MAA encourages the free expression ... Code of Ethics. The MAA is committed to adhering to ethical business and professional practices, and to following a policy of ... In the case of a suspected violation of the Code of Ethics by the Executive Director, a report should be filed with the ... Anyone filing a complaint concerning a violation or suspected violation of the Code of Ethics should act in good faith and have ...
6. Formal Statement of Commitment to the Code of Ethics. I understand the core objectives of the NomCom and fully agree to ... Nominating Committee , Agreement to Adhere to the Code of Ethics 2006. 1. Scope ... Please sign below as having read, understood and agreed to this Code of Ethics. ... which is incorporated by reference herein and shall be an integral part of this Code of Ethics. ...
Despite their efforts there is considerable controversy regarding the propriety of professional codes of ethics.... ... The professions have focused considerable attention on developing codes of conduct. ... Kultgen, J.: 1982, The Ideological Use of Professional Codes,Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, 53-69.Google Scholar ... Ladd, J.: 1980, The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics: An Intellectual and Moral Confusion, in R. Chalk, M. S. Frankel ...
  • The American Psychological Association (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (for short, the Ethics Code , as referred to by the APA) includes an introduction, preamble, a list of five aspirational principles and a list of ten enforceable standards that psychologists use to guide ethical decisions in practice, research, and education. (wikipedia.org)
  • The code of conduct is applicable to psychologists in a variety of areas across a variety of contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the event of a violation of the code of conduct, the APA may take action ranging from termination of the APA membership to the loss of licensure, depending on the violation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The introduction of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct is designed to describe the document's purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • White, B. J. and R. Montgomery: 1980, 'Corporate Codes of Conduct', California Management Review 13 (2). (springer.com)
  • The RRCA Certified Coach's Code of Ethics outlines the expected standards of conduct of any person that conducts training programs for runners* and walkers, that coaches runners individually or in a group, either in person or virtually, and any other type of coaching services provided by an RRCA Certified Running Coach that is for profit or for a nonprofit organization. (rrca.org)
  • The Code of Ethics defines prohibited conduct and outlines our commitments to certain shared values and principles. (shambhalamountain.org)
  • Because of the expanding nature of the practice of neonatal nursing and the involvement of the profession in issues of direct concern to society, NANN's Code of Ethics was developed to define the standard for our personal conduct with the public, our patients, and each other. (nann.org)
  • The first bill introduced by the Democratic-led House of Representatives last week contains a provision that would include U.S. Supreme Court justices for the first time in a newly created code of conduct. (law.com)
  • Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Judicial Conference shall issue a code of conduct, which applies to each justice and judge of the United States, except that the code of conduct may include provisions that are applicable only to certain categories of judges or justices. (law.com)
  • We've seen far too many examples of unethical conduct in our justices lately-from giving speeches at the Trump International Hotel, to headlining Federalist Society fundraisers, to skating free from scores of ethics complaints rendered unenforceable by a Supreme Court confirmation," said Nan Aron, president of the liberal Alliance for Justice. (law.com)
  • We expect the highest level of integrity from our Supreme Court justices, and it's time that the official code of conduct reflected that. (law.com)
  • Chief Justice John Roberts Jr. is already on record with the view that the Judicial Conference could not impose a code of conduct on Supreme Court justices. (law.com)
  • Other justices have said a code of conduct is unnecessary because they already voluntarily abide by the code for lower court judges. (law.com)
  • The code of conduct does apply to the justices in the sense that we have agreed to be bound by them," Justice Anthony Kennedy said in 2011. (law.com)
  • WASHINGTON (CN) - At a hearing Thursday on the high court's budget, Justice Elena Kagan told lawmakers that Chief Justice John Roberts is looking into the possibility of drafting a code of conduct that applies only to Supreme Court justices. (courthousenews.com)
  • Supreme Court justices are currently not legally bound by the same code of conduct as all other federal judges, though a bill the House has been debating this week would bring the justices under the code's purview. (courthousenews.com)
  • The MAA requires Directors, Officers, Members, those compensated by the MAA and those donating their time, and all employees to observe high standards of business and personal ethics in the conduct of their duties and responsibilities. (maa.org)
  • The professions have focused considerable attention on developing codes of conduct. (springer.com)
  • He is currently involved in research on the auditor-client negotiation process, the role of framing effects in masking fraud as well as the means by which frauds are detected, and tensions in professional codes of conduct especially between confidentiality and public disclosure. (springer.com)
  • Every employee will understand and follow [Graco's Code of Ethics and Business Conduct] and other company policies, comply with all applicable laws, and forego business opportunities that would compromise Graco's ethical standards. (graco.com)
  • This Code of Ethics and Business Conduct ('Code of Conduct') is intended to help Graco implement the above policy, and achieve its mission by protecting and enhancing Graco's worldwide reputation as an ethical and law-abiding company. (graco.com)
  • This Code of Conduct, however, is not a contract of employment. (graco.com)
  • Graco expects you to understand this Code of Conduct and comply with it and all applicable laws. (graco.com)
  • Of course, some activities will not be covered by this Code of Conduct or by law, and some laws set unacceptably low standards of conduct. (graco.com)
  • This Code of Conduct applies to individuals and situations in all countries in which Graco and its subsidiaries conduct business. (graco.com)
  • However, because Graco Inc., our parent company, is a U.S. corporation, U.S. law may apply to Graco conduct that occurs outside the U.S. If compliance with this Code of Conduct or U.S. law appears to conflict with local law, or if you are unclear about which laws apply to your activities, we encourage you to discuss the matter with the Legal Department. (graco.com)
  • Graco's managers are responsible for creating a work environment in which the highest ethical standards are consistently practiced, and for assuring that Graco's Code of Conduct is followed and the law is obeyed. (graco.com)
  • Graco's ethics and business conduct program is under the supervision of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, which has approved this Code of Conduct. (graco.com)
  • This Code of Conduct may not be waived, in whole or part, for any officer or director of Graco except by the Audit Committee, and any such waiver shall be promptly disclosed to Graco's shareholders. (graco.com)
  • If you know of, or suspect, a violation of this Code of Conduct or any law, you are encouraged to promptly and fully report the matter. (graco.com)
  • The proposed changes call for the Accountability, Conduct and Ethics Commission to appoint a panel of three lawyers to enforce the code, with them working on a rotating basis to investigate reported code violations and determine whether an offense was committed. (thetimes-tribune.com)
  • The ConvaTec Code of Ethics and Business Conduct explains the company's basic expectations for professional and personal behavior from each employee around the world. (convatec.com)
  • NCCCO has adopted a Code of Ethics that exemplifies the professional conduct that is expected of CCO-certified personnel. (nccco.org)
  • The purpose of the Ethics and Discipline Committee is to ensure that issues regarding the practice and conduct of certified crane operators (certificants) are fairly and reasonably investigated and determined, and to protect the public and integrity of the program against unprofessional and/or unethical conduct by certificants. (nccco.org)
  • The American Society of Breast Surgeons' (ASBrS) Code of Ethics (the "Code") serves as a code of conduct for employees and volunteers of ASBrS in their capacity as members of the board, committees, working groups, and/or society representatives. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • 1 - gain an understanding of how the current interest in code of ethics and code of conduct emerged. (prezi.com)
  • Codes provide a positive stimulus for ethical conduct and helpful guidance and advice concerning the main obligations of the members of the group to which it applies. (iit.edu)
  • Codes can serve as the formal basis for investigating unethical conduct. (iit.edu)
  • Occasionally, violations of ethics codes are grounds for the revocation of the ability to practice professionally, such as one finds with the role of the American Bar Association's Model Rules of Professional Conduct in disbarment procedures. (iit.edu)
  • This Code of Ethics is a guide to members in maintaining at all times the high traditions integrity of their profession including professional conduct in relation to all communication whether verbal, written or via social media. (nstu.ca)
  • The purpose of this code is to provide a high ethical and professional standard of conduct for members to follow in order to preserve and enhance the practice of Trichology and to protect the general public. (trichologists.org.uk)
  • It also contains a host of guidelines and codes of conduct for scientists and researchers affiliated with museums, such as biologists, anthropologists, librarians, and historians. (caareviews.org)
  • While paging through the official codes, which define the conduct and responsibilities of cultural workers-from preservationists to researchers to educators-one is reminded of the increased scrutiny to which our public educational institutions are held. (caareviews.org)
  • The United Kingdom's Museums Association's Code of Conduct for People who Work in Museums (211) illustrates how these documents reflect the best practices and ideals of today. (caareviews.org)
  • And while being "courteous to all colleagues" may seem inseparable from professional or civil conduct, and hardly worth restating, it is through a code of ethics that professionals and institutions derive their status de jure . (caareviews.org)
  • Implicit in the concept of self-regulation is the obligation of the profession to have and abide by a written code of conduct that provides guidance to its members and future members. (ubc.ca)
  • This Code of Ethics represents a set of principles of professional conduct, rules and responsibilities by which dental students must aspire to fulfill their duties to their patients, to the public, to the profession, to their faculty, to the staff and to their fellow students. (ubc.ca)
  • The Code of Professional Conduct outlines specific behaviours that are expected of dental students in all clinical, educational and public settings. (ubc.ca)
  • B. This code sets forth principles of conduct to be followed by all members of The Havanese Club of America. (havanese.org)
  • The Code of Ethics of the Canadian Dental Assistants' Association is intended for use in the practice of dental assisting as a guide for professional conduct and for ethical decisions. (cdaa.ca)
  • The ACM committee on Professional Ethics is updating the ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct (the Code). (acm.org)
  • Swisher L and Hiller P (2010): The revised APTA code of ethics for the physical therapist and standards of ethical conduct for the physical therapy assistant: theory, purpose, process, and significance. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • PSDPA), which requires federal organizations to establish a code of conduct. (gc.ca)
  • This Code describes the minimum standards of business conduct required by all Counsyl personnel, including employees, independent contractors, and agents. (counsyl.com)
  • The AMA's Code of Medical Ethics sets the standard for professional conduct for U.S. physicians, and all medical students and physicians should have a cost-effective means to access its content. (ama-assn.org)
  • Since the Code sets the standard for professional conduct of US physicians, medical students and doctors should know how to access it and become familiar with its content. (ama-assn.org)
  • Member companies shall conduct their activities toward other member companies in compliance with this Code and all pertinent laws. (optavia.com)
  • Adopt standards of practice and a code of ethics to reflect the performance expected of interpreters and translators. (rwjf.org)
  • The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) Code of Ethics is a document that applies to all physicians who practice osteopathically throughout the continuum of their careers, from enrollment in osteopathic medical college/school through post graduate training and the practice of osteopathic medicine. (osteopathic.org)
  • The profession of neonatal nursing, as represented by NANN and its members, is responsible for articulating neonatal "nursing values, the integrity of the profession and its practice and for shaping social policy" (ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses-Provision 9). (nann.org)
  • Dr. Francis serves at the American Counseling Association as the Chair of the Ethics Revision Task Force and Former Chair of the subcommittee on Scope of Practice for the 20/20 Future of Counseling Task Force. (counseling.org)
  • The EAU will apply the EFPIA Code of Good Practice on working with patients' organisations in relation to any funding received from the pharmaceutical industry, whilst also building on the above-mentioned principles adopted, and other relevant European codes. (uroweb.org)
  • The EAU adheres to the MedTech Europe Code of Ethical Business Practice and, accordingly, will implement these principles as it relates to patients' organisations and in consideration of any funding received from the medical device industry. (uroweb.org)
  • The Code lays down principles of ethical behaviour, applicable to all doctors including those who may not be engaged directly in clinical practice. (nzma.org.nz)
  • Codes can be used in the classroom and elsewhere to prompt discussion and reflection on moral issues and to encourage a shared understanding among professionals, the public, and government organizations concerning the special moral responsibilities of individuals in professions, organizations, and/or a specific practice. (iit.edu)
  • Codes can present a positive image to the public of an ethically guided profession, organization, or practice. (iit.edu)
  • The Code also includes criteria a company should consider when seeking to establish fair market value for goods and services (e.g., the HCP's specialty, years and type of experience, geographic location, practice setting, and type of services performed). (fdalawblog.net)
  • Understanding what the provisions of the code mean can help you enjoy a more fulfilling and productive nursing career, whether you've been in practice for years or have recently enrolled in an online nursing program . (waldenu.edu)
  • Most Search Engine Optimization (SEO) practitioners understand these ethics, yet not all practitioners practice safe-SEO. (bruceclay.com)
  • and this Code of Ethics and Professional Practice is promulgated by the Institute's Board of Governors pursuant to the power conferred on the Board by Article 11(h) of the Institute's Articles of Association. (trichologists.org.uk)
  • The Institute has a duty to ensure that the Code of Ethics and Practice is adhered to. (trichologists.org.uk)
  • It is the responsibility of all members to know the provisions of the current Rules, Members shall comply with this Code of Ethics and Practice and any other regulations or amendments ordained by the Institute which shall be binding at all times in their professional activities. (trichologists.org.uk)
  • The Institute may amend the Code of Ethics and Practice when necessary with the agreement of the members. (trichologists.org.uk)
  • Jackie Weisz Codes of Ethics and Practice of Interest to Museums Washington D.C. (caareviews.org)
  • A spiral bound 8 1/2 by 11 inch compendium, Codes of Ethics and Practice of Interest to Museums reproduces the actual codes used by all of the AAM Standing Professional Committees, such as the Curators Committee, the Registrars Committee, and the Public Relations and Marketing Committee, as well as many AAM members, such as the Association of Youth Museums. (caareviews.org)
  • By printing these codes together, the editors of Codes of Ethics and Practice of Interest to Museums work to demystify their genesis and clarify their purpose. (caareviews.org)
  • Every member is charged with the responsibility to uphold, promote and practice the principles set forth in this Code of Ethics. (havanese.org)
  • It is the obligation of all dental assistants to be familiar with the Code and incorporate its guidelines and obligations in their practice. (cdaa.ca)
  • As happened with the sorts of collaborations begun in the 1990s, a renewed widespread, collaborative, and open practice of applying the Code when designing and implementing systems that impact people and societies, will improve our profession. (acm.org)
  • She has studied how the corporate code of ethics is being put into practice in one of Sweden's largest corporations with operations in several countries. (europeanpharmaceuticalreview.com)
  • Lahey (1985) Sylvester (1985) and Nisbett, Brown-Welty, and O'Keefe (2002) argued that a code of ethics could not be expected to guide practice if a code of ethics is not taught in TR education. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Both documents, the Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses 2008 Centennial Edition and the Advanced Nursing Practice: A National Framework are available on-line at www. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In July 2011 the Governing Council approved the Code of Ethics and Good Practice for UPC Staff and Students . (upc.edu)
  • The Code of Ethics and Good Practice document is designed to help everyone to understand how we work together to protect and serve all our members, athletes, coaches, volunteers, family, staff members and anyone who works with our athletes. (specialolympics.ie)
  • The document has been written in line with the requirements defined in the Code of Ethics and Good Practice for Children's Sport in Ireland (2000). (specialolympics.ie)
  • Any concerns or incidents in relation to Safeguarding/Code of Ethics and Good Practice is everyone's responsibility. (specialolympics.ie)
  • In the event of a concern or allegation in the area of Safeguarding/Code of Ethics and Good Practice, everyone is responsible to report it within the Athlete Protection Support Structures . (specialolympics.ie)
  • It is highly recommended by Sports NI and Sport Ireland that every volunteer attends basic awareness training in Safeguarding/Code of Ethics and Good practice. (specialolympics.ie)
  • There is a Code of Ethics and Good Practice workshop also available for athletes. (specialolympics.ie)
  • The DSA Code Administrator appointed pursuant to Section C.1 ("Administrator") has the authority to make a determination of what is a deceptive, unlawful or unethical consumer or recruiting practice under the Code using prevailing legal standards as a guide. (optavia.com)
  • Compliance with any particular law, regulation or DSA Code of Ethics provision is not a defense to a determination by the Administrator that a practice is deceptive, unlawful or unethical. (optavia.com)
  • This presented an obvious violation of the organization's code of ethics and has been addressed by the APA in the form of reports, responses to media outlets, amendments to policies, and rejections of the allegations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Members shall be subject to disciplinary action, including expulsion, for violation of any of the Code. (aafprs.org)
  • Consistent with the Code of Ethics, no person who in good faith reports a violation or suspected violation shall suffer retaliation for making such a report. (shambhalamountain.org)
  • No Director, Officer, member, or employee who in good faith reports a violation of the Code of Ethics shall suffer harassment, retaliation or adverse employment consequences. (maa.org)
  • In the case of a suspected violation of the Code of Ethics by the Executive Director, a report should be filed with the Compliance Officer. (maa.org)
  • In recognizing its responsibility to maintain the integrity of the certification program, NCCCO accepts that action may be needed against a certificant upon receipt and investigation of allegations of violation(s) of the Code of Ethics that are found to be substantiated. (nccco.org)
  • All complaints alleging violation(s) of the Code of Ethics must stipulate one or more violations of the published Code of Ethics. (nccco.org)
  • Complaints and supporting evidence must show a violation of the Code of Ethics. (nccco.org)
  • Valid and actionable complaints must be signed and linked directly to an alleged violation of the Code of Ethics. (nccco.org)
  • The final authority/responsibility for determining appropriate remedial or disciplinary action for an ethics violation resides with the executive committee. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • It is the responsibility of each member to make an inquiry concerning suspected violation of this Code of Ethics. (australianshepherds.org)
  • The second says, "If a Board member violates the Board Code of Ethics the Board shall take immediate action, including a public discussion at the next possible Board meeting and/or move to censure the Board member found to be in violation. (recordnet.com)
  • Supervisor Chuck Winn, with whom Patti has frequently sparred, said the medical-examiner issue was not the only potential Code of Ethics violation by Patti. (recordnet.com)
  • and to provide for actions to be taken in the event of violation of this code. (ipma-hr.org)
  • Inviting clients to your personal (social media/networking) profile can also be perceived as inviting them into your personal life (a code violation) … This can send mixed messages to clients, especially if they are unclear about therapeutic boundaries to begin with. (managementhelp.org)
  • Despite the development and use of a complete ethical code, there have still been ethical violations and controversies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Grievance Procedure provides protocols for reporting violations of the Code of Ethics. (shambhalamountain.org)
  • This Whistleblower Policy is intended to supplement the Code of Ethics and Grievance Procedure by 1) defining what constitutes retaliation and outlining the potential consequences, and 2) creating an alternative reporting process that further protects those who report violations or suspected violations by people in certain leadership roles, or certain types of serious illegal or dishonest activities. (shambhalamountain.org)
  • It is the responsibility of all Directors, Officers, members and employees to comply with the Code of Ethics and to report violations or suspected violations in accordance with this Whistleblower Policy. (maa.org)
  • Supervisors and managers are required to report suspected violations of the Code of Ethics to the Executive Director, who has specific and exclusive responsibility to investigate all reported violations. (maa.org)
  • The Executive Director will report all violations of the Code of Ethics, actions taken, and resolutions to the MAA's Compliance Officer. (maa.org)
  • The MAA's Compliance Officer is responsible for ensuring that all reported complaints and allegations concerning violations of the Code of Ethics have been properly investigated and resolved and, at his or her discretion, shall advise the Executive Director and/or the Audit Committee. (maa.org)
  • Any society member or staff member may bring suspected violations to this code to the timely attention of the ethics committee chair or co/vice chair. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • Winn made a point of saying he did not accuse Patti of ethics violations for any of the instances he listed Tuesday. (recordnet.com)
  • County Counsel Mark Myles said one change he is eager to see adopted is to have alleged ethics violations handled by an outside attorney. (recordnet.com)
  • Individuals who become aware of breaches of this SETAC Code of Ethics and its practices are encouraged to communicate potential violations to the SETAC global executive director , the president of SETAC or an appropriate SETAC World Council delegate, who will evaluate the misconduct and determine appropriate actions. (setac.org)
  • 24) To report any possible violations of the Code by Radix Teachers to the Ethics Committee of The Radix Institute. (radix.org)
  • 25) To aid The Radix Institute in upholding this Code and to cooperate fully with the investigation of possible violations conducted by the Ethics Committee. (radix.org)
  • A code of ethics makes explicit the primary goals, values, and obligations of the profession. (nann.org)
  • Members of NANN accept the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses as well as the following fundamental principles and use these to advance the profession, upholding its integrity and dignity. (nann.org)
  • Many provisions of professional codes seem to exacerbate disputes between the profession and the public rather than providing a framework that satisfies the public's desire for moral behavior. (springer.com)
  • All credentialed cardiovascular technologists awarded a CCI designation shall, in their professional activities, sustain and advance the integrity and honor of the profession by adhering to this Code of Ethics. (cci-online.org)
  • The New Zealand Medical Association has traditionally undertaken the task of providing a Code of Ethics for the medical profession. (nzma.org.nz)
  • A publicly proclaimed code allows a person who is under pressure to act unethically to say: "I am bound by the code of ethics of my profession, which states that…" This provides a level of group cooperation in taking stands on moral issues. (iit.edu)
  • The Code of Ethics reflects the values of the profession of dental assisting based on the principles of veracity, integrity and respect. (cdaa.ca)
  • Adherence to the Code will maintain public trust in our profession. (cdaa.ca)
  • By endorsing and complying with the Code of Ethics, dental assistants will ensure that ethical commitments to patients, the public, community and the profession are fulfilled. (cdaa.ca)
  • The ACM Code of Ethics expresses the conscience of the computing profession and is a call to action. (acm.org)
  • The Code can help us better express the value of the profession, which rests in part on effective ethical analysis and decision making. (acm.org)
  • Ironically, many members of the profession by and for whom the Code was developed view it as an historical artifact rather than as a living document and practical guide for day-to-day decision making. (ama-assn.org)
  • Based on what we have witnessed over the past two decades regarding unethical behavior of scientists and their institutions, I believe that a code of ethics will have only a minimal effect on reducing misconduct. (scienceblogs.com)
  • This study investigated effects of codes of ethics on perceptions of ethical behavior. (springer.com)
  • Respondents from companies with codes of ethics ( n = 465) rated role set members (top management, supervisors, peers, subordinates, self) as more ethical and felt more encouraged and supported for ethical behavior than respondents from companies without codes ( n = 301). (springer.com)
  • Key aspects of the organizational climate, such as supportiveness for ethical behavior, freedom to act ethically, and satisfaction with the outcome of ethical problems were impacted by the presence of an ethics code. (springer.com)
  • The mere presence of a code of ethics appears to have a positive impact on perceptions of ethical behavior in organizations, even when respondents cannot recall specific content of the code. (springer.com)
  • At a minimum, the complaint must specify the name of the respondent, the alleged inappropriate behavior referencing the specific section of the Code of Ethics allegedly violated, the standing of the complainant, and any corroborating evidence. (nccco.org)
  • As a professional organization, we expect that all TOS members embrace this Code and the shared responsibility for adhering to established standards of behavior, thereby protecting the reputation and status of both the Society and our members. (obesity.org)
  • Corporate Ethical Codes: Effective Instruments For Influencing Behavior. (philpapers.org)
  • This paper reviews studies of corporate ethical codes published since 2000 and concludes that codes be can effective instruments for shaping ethical behavior and guiding employee decision-making. (philpapers.org)
  • Codes of Ethics, Ethical Behavior, and Organizational Culture from the Managerial Approach: A Case Study in the Colombian Banking Industry. (igi-global.com)
  • This qualitative case study explored managerial perceptions regarding codes of ethics, ethical behavior, and the relationship of these concepts to organizational culture in a Colombian bank ZOX (pseudonym), in a South-American environment. (igi-global.com)
  • While this Code is an overview of key areas of risk and appropriate behavior, it does not address every potential situation you may encounter. (counsyl.com)
  • [2] The preamble is a description of aspirations which the American Psychological Association expects of psychologists, and reviews the main purpose for having such an ethical code. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2014 code starts with a preamble and purpose statement. (counseling.org)
  • Failure to adhere to this Code of Ethics shall result in disciplinary action up to and including termination of employment. (homeinstead.com)
  • NomCom members are expected to strictly adhere to the ICANN Conflict of Interest Policy, see http://www.icann.orghttp://www.icann.org/committees/coi/coi-policy-04mar99.htm (as amended from time to time), which is incorporated by reference herein and shall be an integral part of this Code of Ethics. (icann.org)
  • Each TOS member must indicate his or her agreement to adhere to this Code on an annual basis at the time of membership renewal. (obesity.org)
  • Failure by a Member to adhere to the Code will result in disciplinary action. (trichologists.org.uk)
  • All Church Personnel are asked to carefully consider each standard in the Code before agreeing to adhere to these standards and continue in service to the Diocese. (portlanddiocese.net)
  • Most coding managers know about and adhere to correct coding processes and expect you to follow those processes as well. (dummies.com)
  • All registered breeders are required to adhere to the code of ethics. (burmesecatclub.com)
  • This Code of Ethics is comprised of ethical standards and codes chosen by the AAFPRS Board of Directors from established and authoritative sources and adapted as applicable. (aafprs.org)
  • This Statement of Values and Code of Ethics outlines the values and ethical standards that are the basis for every decision made by our Board of Directors , staff and volunteers. (aamds.org)
  • The original Code of Ethics was adopted by the GRCA Board of Directors on April 20, 1997, after many drafts, long discussions, review of other national breed clubs' Codes, and consideration of input from the membership. (grca.org)
  • The Board of Directors of the Kennedy Krieger Institute supports the commitment to organization ethics. (kennedykrieger.org)
  • On January 9, 2019, the Advanced Medical Technology Association (AdvaMed) announced updates to its "Code of Ethics on Interactions with Health Care Professionals" (Code). (fdalawblog.net)
  • Too many SEO practitioners claim a bias towards surfers, or the search engines, or their clients (all are appropriate in the correct balance), and it is common for the "whatever it takes" excuse to bend some of these ethics to fit their needs. (bruceclay.com)
  • Patti nearly ran afoul of the Code of Ethics earlier this year when he narrowly avoided censure for speaking publicly about the county's search to hire a chief medical examiner. (recordnet.com)
  • Special Olympics Ireland Code of Ethics outlines the fundamental principles and addresses issues relating to the roles and responsibilities of all people involved in the Special Olympics programme. (specialolympics.ie)
  • Ethics codes typically comprise principles and standards. (humankinetics.com)
  • This document, along with the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses , defines the professional and behavioral standards and values of NANN and its members. (nann.org)
  • The EAU Code of Ethics set standards for industry partners with regard to ethical interactions with the healthcare community. (uroweb.org)
  • In order to ensure the highest standards and professionalism in achieving our mission, The Obesity Society (TOS) has established a Code of Ethics for our members. (obesity.org)
  • Biomedical research in Germany was considered the most advanced in the world - both in its development and its ethics standards. (ahrp.org)
  • A CODE OF ETHICS is a voluntary document that establishes the policies and principles that define the meaning of the institution or sector through guidelines, standards and benchmarks for its proper functioning and to provide more transparency to our actions. (prezi.com)
  • Even if specific medical practices differ from country to country, we expect all our medical volunteers and interns to meet universal standards of medical ethics and behaviour. (projects-abroad.org)
  • Codes of ethics, guidelines, and standards are valued in democratic society. (caareviews.org)
  • The International Accounting Education Standards Board establishes standards, in the area of professional accounting education, that prescribe technical competence and professional skills, values, ethics, and attitudes. (ifac.org)
  • The International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants sets high-quality, internationally appropriate ethics standards for professional accountants, including auditor independence requirements. (ifac.org)
  • Professional accountancy organizations have the opportunity to ensure stakeholders and the public truly understand the importance of this foundation and the profession's value, especially in light of upcoming changes from the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants. (ifac.org)
  • The revisions enhance its quality, making it an elevated platform for developing ethics and independence standards that are relevant and globally operable in a world of changing technologies, business methods, and public expectations. (ifac.org)
  • A debate is raging about what the Financial Advice Standards and Ethics Authority's Code of Ethics means for ESG investing and advising clients on ethical investment options, with FASEA chief executive Stephen Glenfield looking to clarify the issue. (financialstandard.com.au)
  • What is more, there are questions around the types of recommendations advisers can make about such strategies in a prolonged low rate environment in light of the strictures of the Financial Adviser Standards and Ethics Authority (FASEA) code of ethics, particularly Standards 5 and 6. (moneymanagement.com.au)
  • The principles in this code are intended to be aspirational, while the standards are directive. (usabp.org)
  • PROFESSIONAL codes: establish guidelines and own moral rules of a professional association (lawyers , doctors, consultants). (prezi.com)
  • These supplementary guidelines aid in the application and interpretation of codes in certain circumstances. (iit.edu)
  • New members, by their application, agree to abide by and follow the guidelines outlined in the Code of Ethics. (grca.org)
  • Current members, by their annual renewal, reaffirm their agreement to follow the guidelines of this Code. (grca.org)
  • It is the purpose of this code to provide guidelines which will ensure this reputation be maintained. (oarsi.org)
  • The results of Maira Babri's study show that the code of ethics works best at the company's Swedish headquarters where it is implemented in guidelines signed by all employees and where it relates to both laws and agreements. (europeanpharmaceuticalreview.com)
  • The challenge today is-as it was 100 years ago-to promote the Code as a viable compendium of guidelines that can help physicians recognize, analyze, and resolve ethical and professional dilemmas that arise in patient care and clinical research. (ama-assn.org)
  • Law360, New York (January 23, 2009, 12:00 AM EST) -- Following in the footsteps of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), the Advanced Medical Technology Association (AdvaMed) released major revisions to its Code of Ethics on Interactions with Health Care Professionals (Code) on Dec. 18, 2008. (law360.com)
  • Below you will find the most current revision of the Code of Ethics of the Golden Retriever Club of America (GRCA). (grca.org)
  • The Golden Retriever Club of America endorses the following Code of Ethics for its members. (grca.org)
  • C. Membership in The Havanese Club of America automatically obligates the member to this Code of Ethics. (havanese.org)
  • The Code of Ethics of the European Association of Urology (EAU) addresses the core values of independence, fair market value for services obtained, and up-to-date scientific documentation for interactions with healthcare professionals, healthcare organisations, industry partners and patient organisations. (uroweb.org)
  • Last July, PhRMA released revisions to its own Code on Interactions with Health Care Professionals (PhRMA Code), which went into effect Jan. 1, 2009. (law360.com)
  • Codes give positive support to those seeking to act ethically. (iit.edu)
  • One important first step might be the establishment of core universal moral values by which corporate codes of ethics can be ethically constructed and evaluated. (philpapers.org)
  • H.R. 1, dubbed the "For the People Act," is a wide-ranging bill that covers issues of transparency, corruption, ethics and campaign finance reform. (law.com)
  • The Company relates to local, national and international authorities with full and active cooperation and transparency, in observance of the laws in force, the mutual autonomies, the economic objectives and the values which are contained in this Code of Ethics. (aprilia.com)
  • Medical ethics and appropriate behaviours are universal. (projects-abroad.org)
  • When we act in accordance with the values and behaviours in this code, we sustain the trust and confidence of the public in ourselves, our organization, and in public service. (gc.ca)
  • This Code outlines the values and expected behaviours that guide public servants at AAFC in all activities related to their professional duties. (gc.ca)
  • Besides educating Realtors on important changes to the code, mandatory Code of Ethics training reaffirms our commitment to integrity and fair dealing. (timesfreepress.com)
  • The code continues to meet the founders' goal of excellence and integrity in our professional lives. (timesfreepress.com)
  • The Kennedy Krieger Institute is dedicated to the principle of organization ethics and a commitment to act with integrity. (kennedykrieger.org)
  • This code applies to the activities of ASA members in their professional work, as well as in their representations and use of astrology at large. (angelfire.com)
  • References in this Code to "members" includes all classes and categories of membership. (aafprs.org)
  • Members are expected to act in accord with the Code of Ethics of the AAFPRS in all contacts with patients, peers and the general public. (aafprs.org)
  • Shambhala Mountain Center has formally adopted a Code of Ethics and Grievance Procedure, which apply to, among others, SMC Governing Council members, employees, teachers, volunteers and guests. (shambhalamountain.org)
  • Members of NANN accept the ANA Code of Ethics for Nurses as well as our Fundamental Nursing Principles in Patient Care and Fundamental Professional Principles for Participation in the Association . (nann.org)
  • The Code establishes the MAA's open door policy and suggests that employees and members share their questions, concerns, suggestions or complaints with someone who can address them properly. (maa.org)
  • WILKE-BARRE - Citing the potential for litigation over proposed changes to the county ethics code, council members will hold an executive session next week, members agreed at a meeting Tuesday. (thetimes-tribune.com)
  • The proposed changes were aimed at addressing criticism of the code, but some council members Tuesday night said they had their own concerns about the amendments. (thetimes-tribune.com)
  • The members of the United States Australian Shepherd Association, in order to protect, promote and foster the advancement and proper breeding and exhibiting of the Australian Shepherd, as well as ethical kennel practices, do hereby set forth this code of ethics. (australianshepherds.org)
  • All NZMA members must agree to comply with the Code. (nzma.org.nz)
  • In the end, supervisors decided that staff members will review the current Code of Ethics and bring suggested amendments to the board at a later date. (recordnet.com)
  • IESBA members shared a brief, but essential, overview of the 2018 Code of Ethics. (ifac.org)
  • A. This Code of Ethics is presented as a guide for members whose foremost aim should be the welfare, improvement and advancement of the Havanese breed, in accordance with the Standard, as approved by the American Kennel Club. (havanese.org)
  • The Code of Ethics of the International Osteoarthritis Research Society, OARSI (Society) applies to the entire Society, including its Fellows and Members, and is enforceable solely by the Society. (oarsi.org)
  • OARSI has not attempted in this Code to set forth a position regarding all ethical issues which its members may face in their day-to-day professional activities. (oarsi.org)
  • The new Code of Ethics has been translated into seven different languages for the convenience of our international members. (isbtweb.org)
  • The new updated Code imperative 3.7 calls on members to be cognizant of when computing systems are becoming part of the social fabric. (acm.org)
  • As a member of an organization built on its members subscribing to a code of ethics for almost 75 years, take the opportunity to highlight this aspect when selling your services to a client or employer. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • With all five Scranton city council members voting in the affirmative, an ordinance to strengthen and better define the city's code of ethics passed as expected. (wnep.com)
  • The Code is particularly useful to in today's health care environment because it reiterates the fundamental values and commitments of the nurse (Provisions 1-3), identifies the boundaries of duty and loyalty (Provisions 4-6), and describes the duties of the nurse that extend beyond individual patient encounters (Provisions 7-9). (nursingworld.org)
  • Generally, a code will begin with broad commitments. (iit.edu)
  • The remaining functions of the code contribute to the development and interpretation of these commitments. (iit.edu)
  • The Code is structured in a way that foregrounds the more general ideals and commitments, which are outlined in the "Principles of Medical Ethics" section. (iit.edu)
  • The code identifies the basic moral commitments and will serve as a source of education and reflection. (ubc.ca)
  • Global firms may have good reasons to establish global codes of ethics that are to be obeyed by all employees worldwide. (philpapers.org)
  • How can one establish if a corporate code of ethics is ethical in terms of its content? (philpapers.org)
  • We have seen that are codes that define the common project of a particular company or organization. (prezi.com)
  • SECTORIAL codes: are proper ethical codes of a sector, industry or economic activity (e.g.: the automotive industry , textile , food , construction, development NGOs , etc ...) a) Define and enhance the good concrete practices applicable to that sector , and therefore , focus on the peculiarities of it. (prezi.com)
  • The Standing committee on Ethics chaired by Peter Flanagan worked for three years from 2014 - 2017 to review and revise the old ISBT Code of Ethics. (isbtweb.org)
  • The new version of the Code was accepted by the ISBT membership on June 20, 2017 during the General Assembly at the 27th congress of the ISBT in Copenhagen. (isbtweb.org)
  • One of the purposes of the Values and Ethics Code for Canadian Heritage is precisely to help us hone our judgment in this regard and to create a healthy and productive work environment that fosters innovation. (canada.ca)
  • The Values and Ethics Code for Canadian Heritage illustrates our commitment to ensuring that these values are more than words and that they become a part of our daily reality and guide us in all aspects of our work. (canada.ca)
  • After examining three professional codes, we divide the provisions of professional codes into those provisions which urge professionals to avoid moral hazard, maintain professional courtesy and serve the public interest. (springer.com)
  • The code includes nine distinct provisions. (waldenu.edu)
  • Other professional organizations and licensing boards may adopt and enforce the code. (wikipedia.org)
  • ANA's Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements is the promise that nurses are doing their best to provide care for their patients and their communities and are supporting each other in the process so that all nurses can fulfill their ethical and professional obligations. (nursingworld.org)
  • The AOA has formulated this Code to guide its member physicians in their professional lives. (osteopathic.org)
  • Despite their efforts there is considerable controversy regarding the propriety of professional codes of ethics. (springer.com)
  • Based on these observations, we conclude with recommendations regarding the content of professional codes. (springer.com)
  • Bayles, M.: 'Professional Power and Self-Regulation', Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (2), 26-46. (springer.com)
  • Beauchamp, T. L.: 1992, 'Ethical Issues in the Funding and Monitoring of University Research', Business and Professional Ethics Journal 11 (1), 5-16. (springer.com)
  • Kultgen, J.: 1982, 'The Ideological Use of Professional Codes', Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1 , 53-69. (springer.com)
  • Ladd, J.: 1980, 'The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics: An Intellectual and Moral Confusion', in R. Chalk, M. S. Frankel and S. B. Chafer (eds. (springer.com)
  • AAAS Professional Ethics Project: Professional Ethics Activities in the Scientific and Engineering Societies (AAAS Publication 80-R-4, Washington, DC), pp. 154-159. (springer.com)
  • Because the code is a living, dynamic credo guiding us in our daily professional lives, it must be constantly revisited, reviewed and improved. (timesfreepress.com)
  • For example, see the National Society of Professional Engineers Code of Ethics , which encourages a form of "sustainable development" that meets human needs while conserving and protecting environmental quality. (iit.edu)
  • This publication, which is part of the American Association of Museum's ( AAM ) Technical Information Service Series, compiles the codes of ethics written and employed by sixty-one museums, cultural institutions, and professional organizations. (caareviews.org)
  • Professional accountants all follow an ethical code. (ifac.org)
  • The International Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (the Code) has been completely rewritten. (ifac.org)
  • The objective of this article is to explore the issues involved in using online marketing of the licensed mental health professionals' social media - especially Facebook - and remain compliant with the practitioners' professional codes of ethics. (managementhelp.org)
  • As a consultant, I recommend that Social Media activities be clearly designed to keep the mental health practitioner in compliance with their professional Code of Ethics , AND to avoid some of the risks to relationships described in professional articles now available online as guides. (managementhelp.org)
  • As stewards of the process by which the 150-plus-year-old Code is revised and updated, the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs recognizes its important role in the adjudication of ethical and legal issues by professional boards and courts of law across the nation. (ama-assn.org)
  • Radix practitioners licensed by the Radix Institute agree to be guided in their Radix work by the following Code of Ethics. (radix.org)
  • Trevino, L. K. and K. A. Nelson: 1995, Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk about How to Do It Right (Wiley, New York). (springer.com)
  • Weaver, G. R.: 1995, 'Does Ethics Code Design Matter? (springer.com)
  • Jamal, K. & Bowie, N.E. J Bus Ethics (1995) 14: 703. (springer.com)
  • The provision could also revive the controversy over ethics complaints against Justice Brett Kavanaugh that were dismissed last month because he is now on the Supreme Court, outside the purview of existing judicial ethics rules. (law.com)
  • It is important to note that this method of safe disclosure is for complaints about behaviour covered by the Code of Ethics. (concordia.ca)
  • The President of NCCCO shall charge the Ethics and Discipline Committee with the responsibility of investigating complaints filed against certificants. (nccco.org)
  • Montefiore Medical Center strives to abide by the ethical principles embodied in this Code of Ethics in all aspects of patient care, medical education, clinical research and community service, and in all aspects of administrative functions related to those services. (montefiore.org)
  • The Code is intended for application in all clinical, educational, administrative and institutional settings. (cdaa.ca)
  • Relying on the proposed set of universal moral values, implications are discussed as to what the content of corporate codes of ethics should consist of. (philpapers.org)
  • The oldest code is the ' Hippocratic Oath ' ( IV b. (prezi.com)
  • Appropriate remedial or disciplinary action will be pursued against an individual who makes a bad faith report or who retaliates against a person raising ethics concerns or participates in an investigation. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • The exercise revealed the existence of gaps in the staff attitude and understanding of Public Service Rule, Disciplinary Code and Ethics. (vanguardngr.com)
  • As a discipline, computer ethics is even younger than computer science, and in 1992, computer ethics was still in its infancy. (acm.org)
  • Follow this link to visit ISBT Education and watch the webinar of Peter Flanagan, where he provides an overview of the revised and updated Code of Ethics. (isbtweb.org)
  • I have questions about the authority given to the solicitor who represents the ethics code to employ an outside legal adviser,' council Vice Chairman Edd Brominski said. (thetimes-tribune.com)
  • Council says this new code will especially address campaign donations in regards to city employees and elected officials. (wnep.com)
  • So, if someone thinks that there may be an appearance of impropriety, they have the ability to go to the board of ethics and get an opinion from the board," said council member Bill Gaughan. (wnep.com)
  • Council says the passing of the new code of ethics is purely coincidental to the FBI's investigation of the mayor. (wnep.com)
  • Ethical competence is fostered by the adoption and enforcement of a Code of Ethics, adherence to which is prerequisite for admission to and maintenance of membership in the AAFPRS. (aafprs.org)
  • Still, other codes are broader, eloquently drawing a portrait of an organization's correct demeanor. (caareviews.org)
  • Moreover, codes can potentially serve as legal support in courts of law for those seeking to meet work-related moral obligations. (iit.edu)
  • And while little direct intellectual or moral debate appears in these documents, a careful read through its language of bureaucracy is educational for students of museum studies, institutional sociology, and the philosophy of modern ethics. (caareviews.org)
  • Universal Moral Values for Corporate Codes of Ethics. (philpapers.org)
  • Cressey, D. and C. A. Moore: 1983, 'Managerial Values and Corporate Codes of Ethics', California Management Review 25 , 53-77. (springer.com)
  • Further, the AOA has adopted the position that physicians should play a major role in the development and instruction of medical ethics. (osteopathic.org)
  • See, for example, the American Medical Association's Code of Medical Ethics . (iit.edu)
  • Each of the following Chapters, meanwhile, provides in-depth guidance on topics morally relevant to medical ethics. (iit.edu)
  • The Code includes new sections on jointly conducted education and marketing, communications about the safe and effective use of medical technology, and communications related to providing technical support. (fdalawblog.net)
  • Our Medical Ethics Policy guides our participants on how to behave on a Medical project. (projects-abroad.org)
  • Therefore, resist the temptation to submit codes that are only implied or that are not documented by medical necessity. (dummies.com)
  • Though many people may not realize it, nursing ethics and medical ethics are not synonymous. (soliant.com)
  • Organized medicine and academic institutions should work together to find cost effective means for increasing awareness of the Code by medical students and physicians. (ama-assn.org)
  • The primary objective of the Ethics and Discipline Committee is to enforce the Code of Ethics. (nccco.org)
  • This responsibility may be delegated to the ethics committee at the discretion of the executive committee or when there is a conflict of interest at the level of the executive committee. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • If the ethics committee is tasked with investigating a complaint, the ethics committee will present their findings to the executive committee. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • The Code also includes guidance for evaluating appropriate meeting venues. (fdalawblog.net)
  • The purpose of an AI code of ethics is to provide stakeholders with guidance when faced with an ethical decision regarding the use of artificial intelligence. (techtarget.com)
  • This Code is the principal source of guidance for public servants at AAFC in choosing their course of action. (gc.ca)
  • Connecticut and Nevada) require device manufacturers to adopt compliance programs consistent with the Code. (fdalawblog.net)
  • The differences however, lie in legislation, where Sweden and most European countries are not by law required to have a code of ethics nor an ethics and compliance programme - as is the case in the US," says Maira Babri. (europeanpharmaceuticalreview.com)
  • While this Code does not restate all legal obligations, compliance with all pertinent laws by member companies and their independent salespeople is a condition of acceptance by and continuing membership in DSA. (optavia.com)
  • It is the latest of repeated efforts by Congress to impose an ethics code on the Supreme Court, which is exempt from the code first promulgated in 1973 by the Judicial Conference, the policy arm of the federal judiciary. (law.com)
  • Of course no code or policy can answer every question or eventuality in a business like ours, so please speak to your manager if you are in doubt as to what to do. (shire.com)
  • The Concordia Code of Ethics and Safe Disclosure Policy identifies potential conflicts of interest and helps employees evaluate situations to determine their best course of action," says Vice-President, Institutional Relations and Secretary-General, Bram Freedman. (concordia.ca)
  • As defined by the Policy BD-4 (Code of Ethics and Safe Disclosure Policy), a conflict of interest is presented as a situation where an employee knowingly has a personal interest, which is sufficient to put into question the independence, impartiality and objectivity necessary to exercise the performance of their duties. (concordia.ca)
  • An AI code of ethics, also called an AI value platform, is a policy statement that formally defines the role of artificial intelligence as it applies to the continued development of the human race. (techtarget.com)
  • ASBrS employees and volunteers affirm their endorsement of the Code and acknowledge their commitment to uphold its principles and obligations by accepting and retaining positions within the ASBrS. (breastsurgeons.org)
  • Training is available for both athletes and volunteers in Safeguarding/Code of Ethics. (specialolympics.ie)
  • As Justice Samuel Alito explained Thursday, while the justices work to follow the ethical rules even without being bound by them, there are some constitutional concerns about formally putting them under the same code as lower court judges. (courthousenews.com)
  • When assessment and evaluation is the main objective, practical and financial values often take precedence over the ethical values of the code. (europeanpharmaceuticalreview.com)
  • By following the spirit of this Code and behaving in a manner consistent with our values, we will continue to earn the trust and respect of those with whom we work, and those we serve. (shire.com)
  • Applicants, Candidates and Registrants who intentionally or knowingly violate any provision of the Code of Ethics will be subject to action by a peer review panel, which may result in revocation of the certification. (cci-online.org)
  • So long as we, as Realtors, remain firm in our commitment to serve the public, the Code will evolve and remain significant - in concert with, but independent of, the law. (timesfreepress.com)
  • When I meet Realtors from across the country, I see a great deal of pride in the commitment we have made to the principles of the Code of Ethics. (timesfreepress.com)
  • As we reflect this year on the rich history of the code and National Association of Realtors, I encourage all Realtors to reaffirm their commitment to the code's vision in its second century. (timesfreepress.com)