Any of several South American shrubs of the Erythroxylon genus (and family) that yield COCAINE; the leaves are chewed with alum for CNS stimulation.
The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Organic nitrogenous bases. Many alkaloids of medical importance occur in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and some have been synthesized. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
The chemical reactions that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism. These processes include both the biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) and the breakdown (CATABOLISM) of organic materials utilized by the living organism.
Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.

Inter- and intra-specific variation among five Erythroxylum taxa assessed by AFLP. (1/10)

BACKGROUND: and Aims The four cultivated Erythroxylum taxa (E. coca var. coca, E. novogranatense var. novogranatense, E. coca var. ipadu and E. novogranatense var. truxillense) are indigenous to the Andean region of South America and have been cultivated for folk-medicine and, within the last century, for illicit cocaine production. The objective of this research was to assess the structure of genetic diversity within and among the four cultivated alkaloid-bearing taxa of Erythroxylum in the living collection at Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. METHODS: Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting was performed in 86 Erythroxylum accessions using a capillary genotyping system. Cluster analysis, multidimensional scaling (MDS) and analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) were used to assess the pattern and level of genetic variation among and within the taxa. KEY RESULTS: A clear distinction was revealed between E. coca and E. novogranatense. At the intra-specific level, significant differentiation was observed between E. c. var. coca and E. c. var. ipadu, but the differentiation between E. n. var. novogranatense and E. n. var. truxillense was negligible. Erythroxylum c. var. ipadu had a significantly lower amount of diversity than the E. c. var. coca and is genetically different from the E. c. var. ipadu currently under cultivation in Colombia, South America. CONCLUSIONS: There is a heterogeneous genetic structure among the cultivated Erythroxylum taxa where E. coca and E. novogranatense are two independent species. Erythroxylum coca var. coca is most likely the ancestral taxon of E. c. var. ipadu and a founder effect may have occurred as E. c. var. ipadu moved from the eastern Andes in Peru and Bolivia into the lowland Amazonian basin. There is an indication of artificial hybridization in coca grown in Colombia.  (+info)

Historical trends in the production and consumption of illicit drugs in Mexico: implications for the prevention of blood borne infections. (2/10)

Mexico has cultivated opium poppy since before the 1900's and has been an important transit route for South American cocaine for decades. However, only recently has drug use, particularly injection drug use, been documented as an important problem. Heroin is the most common drug used by Mexican injection drug users (IDUs). Increased cultivation of opium poppy in some Mexican states, lower prices for black tar heroin and increased security at U.S.-Mexican border crossings may be contributing factors to heroin use, especially in border cities. Risky practices among IDUs, including needle sharing and shooting gallery attendance are common, whereas perceived risk for acquiring blood borne infections is low. Although reported AIDS cases attributed to IDU in Mexico have been low, data from sentinel populations, such as pregnant women in the Mexican-U.S. border city of Tijuana, suggest an increase in HIV prevalence associated with drug use. Given widespread risk behaviors and rising numbers of blood borne infections among IDUs in Mexican-U.S. border cities, there is an urgent need for increased disease surveillance and culturally appropriate interventions to prevent potential epidemics of blood borne infections. We review available literature on the history of opium production in Mexico, recent trends in drug use and its implications, and the Mexican response, with special emphasis on the border cities of Ciudad Juarez and Tijuana.  (+info)

Time for tea, anyone? (3/10)

There have been suggestions that urine samples positive for benzoylecognine, the diagnostic metabolite of cocaine, may be the result of consumption Mate de Coca, a commercially available tea made from coca (Erythroxylon coca) leaves. The Jockey Club in Great Britain commissioned research into this subject as several jockeys have tested positive for benzoylecognine over the past few years. Urine samples collected at various time points within 24 h after ingestion of a 250 ml infusion of Mate de Coca tea were analysed using three different methods. All samples tested positive for benzoylecognine.  (+info)

Evaluation of solid-phase microextraction desorption parameters for fast GC analysis of cocaine in coca leaves. (4/10)

By its simplicity and rapidity, solid-phase microextraction (SPME) appears as an interesting alternative for sample introduction in fast gas chromatography (fast GC). This combination depends on numerous parameters affecting the desorption step (i.e., the release of compounds from the SPME fiber coating to the GC column). In this study, different liner diameters, injection temperatures, and gas flow rates are evaluated to accelerate the thermal desorption process in the injection port. This process is followed with real-time direct coupling a split/splitless injector to a mass spectrometer by means of a short capillary. It is shown that an effective, quantitative, and rapid transfer of cocaine (COC) and cocaethylene (CE) is performed with a 0.75-mm i.d. liner, at 280 degrees C and 4 mL/min gas flow rate. The 7-microm polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coating is selected for combination with fast GC because the 100-microm PDMS fiber presents some limitations caused by fiber bleeding. Finally, the developed SPME-fast GC method is applied to perform in less than 5 min, the quantitation of COC extracted from coca leaves by focused microwave-assisted extraction. An amount of 7.6 +/- 0.5 mg of COC per gram of dry mass is found, which is in good agreement with previously published results.  (+info)

Behavioral problems and the occurrence of tobacco, cannabis, and coca paste smoking in Chile: evidence based on multivariate response models for school survey data. (5/10)

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Archaeological, radiological, and biological evidence offer insight into Inca child sacrifice. (6/10)

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Coca leaf and cocaine addiction--some historical notes. (7/10)

Coca-leaf habituation has affected millions of Andean natives for over 400 years. In the last half-century it has also involved millions more Malayans. Coca leaf, from which cocaine and extracts for some commercial carbonated soft drinks are obtained, remains relatively unknown by the medical and allied professions elsewhere. A review of the original medical, historical and other pertinent literature of the last 350 years illustrates the origins of the use of coca leaf, its spread, the isolation of cocaine and its first uses, as well as some of the euphoric and other effects of both substances.  (+info)

Identification and quantitation of alkaloids in coca tea. (8/10)

The consumption of coca tea is a common occurrence in many South American countries. The tea is often packaged in individual servings as tea bags which contain approximately 1 g of plant material. The consumption of coca tea leads to ingestion of cocaine and other alkaloids; however, there is little information available regarding the pharmacological or toxicological effects that result from consumption of coca tea. We performed a series of studies with coca tea bags from two South American countries, Peru and Bolivia. The alkaloidal content of the 'coca leaf' in coca tea bags was determined by two different extraction methods: Soxhlet extraction with methanol (exhaustive extraction), and mechanical agitation with methanol. Extracts were purified by solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Coca tea prepared from Peruvian and Bolivian coca tea bags was also analyzed by SPE-GC/MS assay. In addition, urine specimens were analyzed from an individual who consumed one cup of Peruvian coca tea and one cup of Bolivian coca tea on separate occasions. Urine samples were analyzed by immunoassay (TDx) and SPE-GC/MS. Analysis of coca tea bags and coca tea indicated that cocaine, benzoylecgonine, ecgonine methyl ester and trans-cinnamoylcocaine were present in varying quantities. With exhaustive extraction, an average of 5.11 mg, and 4.86 mg of cocaine per tea bag were found in coca leaf from Peru and Bolivia, respectively. The average amounts of benzoylecgonine, ecgonine methyl ester in Peruvian coca leaf were 0.11 and 1.15 mg, and in Bolivian coca leaf were 0.12 and 2.93 mg per tea bag, respectively. trans-cinnamoylcocaine was found in trace amounts in Peruvian tea bags and 0.16 mg/tea bag of Bolivian tea. When tea was prepared, an average of 4.14 mg of cocaine was present in a cup of Peruvian coca tea and 4.29 mg of cocaine was present in Bolivian tea. Following the consumption of a cup of Peruvian tea by one individual, a peak urine benzoylecgonine concentration of 3940 ng/ml occurred 10 h after ingestion. Consumption of Bolivian coca tea resulted in a peak benzoylecgonine concentration of 4979 ng/ml at 3.5 h. The cumulative urinary excretion of benzoylecgonine after approximately 48 h, determined by GC/MS, was 3.11 mg and 2.69 mg after consumption of Peruvian and Bolivian coca tea, respectively. This study demonstrated that coca tea bags and coca tea contain a significant amount of cocaine and cocaine-related alkaloids and the consumption of a single cup of Peruvian or Bolivian coca tea produces positive drug test results for cocaine metabolites.  (+info)

"Coca" is a medication and plant extract that comes from the leaves of the Erythroxylon coca bush, which is native to South America. The active alkaloids in the leaves include cocaine and other related compounds. Coca leaves have been used for centuries by indigenous peoples in the Andean region for their mild stimulant effects and as a remedy for altitude sickness.

However, it's important to note that chewing coca leaves or using coca-based medications is not the same as using illicit forms of cocaine. The concentration of cocaine in coca leaves is relatively low, and traditional use does not typically lead to the severe psychological and physical effects associated with cocaine abuse.

In modern medicine, coca alkaloids are used in the form of purified cocaine for topical anesthesia in eye surgery and other medical procedures. However, the recreational use of cocaine is illegal and highly regulated due to its addictive properties and potential for harm.

"Modern History (1601-)" is a term used in medicine to refer to the historical context of medical developments and practices that have occurred from the early 17th century until the present day. This period is characterized by significant advancements in medical knowledge, technology, and treatment methods.

Some notable events and developments in modern medical history include:

* The establishment of the Royal Society in London in 1660, which promoted scientific inquiry and discovery.
* The invention of the microscope in the 17th century, which allowed for the discovery of cells and microorganisms.
* The development of vaccines in the late 18th century by Edward Jenner, which revolutionized public health and prevented many infectious diseases.
* The discovery of anesthesia in the mid-19th century, which made surgical procedures less painful and more effective.
* The development of antibiotics in the early 20th century, which transformed the treatment of bacterial infections.
* The advent of modern medical imaging technologies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs, which have improved diagnostic accuracy and surgical precision.
* The mapping of the human genome in the late 20th century, which has opened up new avenues for genetic research and personalized medicine.

Understanding the historical context of modern medical developments is essential for healthcare professionals to appreciate the evolution of medical practices, identify ongoing challenges and areas for improvement, and provide high-quality care to their patients.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "mythology" is not a term that has a medical definition. Mythology refers to the body of myths associated with a culture, religion, or historical stage of development. It's often used in the context of studying ancient civilizations and their belief systems, folklore, and literature. If you have any questions related to medical terminology, I'd be happy to help!

Medicinal plants are defined as those plants that contain naturally occurring chemical compounds which can be used for therapeutic purposes, either directly or indirectly. These plants have been used for centuries in various traditional systems of medicine, such as Ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and Native American medicine, to prevent or treat various health conditions.

Medicinal plants contain a wide variety of bioactive compounds, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, and saponins, among others. These compounds have been found to possess various pharmacological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities.

Medicinal plants can be used in various forms, including whole plant material, extracts, essential oils, and isolated compounds. They can be administered through different routes, such as oral, topical, or respiratory, depending on the desired therapeutic effect.

It is important to note that while medicinal plants have been used safely and effectively for centuries, they should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Some medicinal plants can interact with prescription medications or have adverse effects if used inappropriately.

Osteopathic medicine is a system of medical care that focuses on the unity of the mind, body, and spirit in the diagnosis and treatment of illness. It was founded in the United States in 1874 by Andrew Taylor Still, MD, who developed a philosophy of medicine based on principles of preventive medicine, holistic patient care, and the interrelationship of all body systems.

Osteopathic physicians (DOs), also known as osteopaths, are trained to diagnose and treat medical conditions using a variety of treatment modalities, including manual manipulation of the musculoskeletal system. They receive the same basic medical education as MDs, but also complete additional training in osteopathic principles and practices.

Osteopathic medicine emphasizes the importance of preventive care, lifestyle modifications, and patient education in maintaining health and preventing illness. DOs are trained to use their hands to diagnose and treat structural and functional problems in the body, with a focus on the musculoskeletal system. They believe that the body has an inherent ability to heal itself, and that manipulation of the bones, muscles, and other tissues can help promote this natural healing process.

DOs are licensed to practice medicine and surgery in all 50 states and are recognized as fully qualified physicians. They may choose to specialize in any area of medicine, including family practice, internal medicine, pediatrics, surgery, psychiatry, and neurology, among others.

A beverage is a drink intended for human consumption. The term is often used to refer to any drink that is not alcoholic or, in other words, non-alcoholic beverages. This includes drinks such as water, juice, tea, coffee, and soda. However, it can also include alcoholic drinks like beer, wine, and spirits.

In a medical context, beverages are often discussed in relation to their impact on health. For example, sugary drinks like soda and energy drinks have been linked to obesity, diabetes, and other health problems. On the other hand, drinks like water and unsweetened tea can help to keep people hydrated and may have other health benefits.

It's important for individuals to be mindful of their beverage choices and to choose options that are healthy and support their overall well-being. This may involve limiting sugary drinks, choosing water or unsweetened tea instead of soda, and avoiding excessive caffeine intake.

Alkaloids are a type of naturally occurring organic compounds that contain mostly basic nitrogen atoms. They are often found in plants, and are known for their complex ring structures and diverse pharmacological activities. Many alkaloids have been used in medicine for their analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and therapeutic properties. Examples of alkaloids include morphine, quinine, nicotine, and caffeine.

Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant (Erythroxylon coca). It is a powerful central nervous system stimulant that affects the brain and body in many ways. When used recreationally, cocaine can produce feelings of euphoria, increased energy, and mental alertness; however, it can also cause serious negative consequences, including addiction, cardiovascular problems, seizures, and death.

Cocaine works by increasing the levels of dopamine in the brain, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and reward. This leads to the pleasurable effects that users seek when they take the drug. However, cocaine also interferes with the normal functioning of the brain's reward system, making it difficult for users to experience pleasure from natural rewards like food or social interactions.

Cocaine can be taken in several forms, including powdered form (which is usually snorted), freebase (a purer form that is often smoked), and crack cocaine (a solid form that is typically heated and smoked). Each form of cocaine has different risks and potential harms associated with its use.

Long-term use of cocaine can lead to a number of negative health consequences, including addiction, heart problems, malnutrition, respiratory issues, and mental health disorders like depression or anxiety. It is important to seek help if you or someone you know is struggling with cocaine use or addiction.

Metabolism is the complex network of chemical reactions that occur within our bodies to maintain life. It involves two main types of processes: catabolism, which is the breaking down of molecules to release energy, and anabolism, which is the building up of molecules using energy. These reactions are necessary for the body to grow, reproduce, respond to environmental changes, and repair itself. Metabolism is a continuous process that occurs at the cellular level and is regulated by enzymes, hormones, and other signaling molecules. It is influenced by various factors such as age, genetics, diet, physical activity, and overall health status.

Hormones are defined as chemical messengers that are produced by endocrine glands or specialized cells and are transported through the bloodstream to tissues and organs, where they elicit specific responses. They play crucial roles in regulating various physiological processes such as growth, development, metabolism, reproduction, and mood. Examples of hormones include insulin, estrogen, testosterone, adrenaline, and thyroxine.

... may refer to: Center on Contemporary Art, non-profit arts organization in Seattle, Washington, USA Centre of Contemporary ... American progressive rock band This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title CoCa. If an internal link led ...
"Coca Carola: historia" (in Swedish). Beat Butchers. Retrieved 21 April 2014. "Hatebreed och Coca Carola till Peace & Love" (in ... Coca Carola was a Swedish Punk band formed in Åkersberga in 1986. Signed to the record label Beat Butchers, they were well ... Karin Lindblom (8 June 2005). "Coca Carola gjorde bästa kampsången" (in Swedish). Aftonbladet Sportbladet. Retrieved 21 April ...
... (3 July 1932 - 5 August 1998) was a Romanian stage, television and film actress. In 1967, she was awarded the ... Coca Andronescu at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with hCards, 1932 ...
... în componență trei foști jucători din Liga 1 Valentin Coca at Soccerway Valentin Coca at RomanianSoccer.ro (in Romanian) v t e ... Valentin Ilie Coca (born 9 February 1987) is a Romanian former footballer who played as a goalkeeper for teams such as FC Argeș ...
Vin Mariani, a French-Corsican coca wine Pemberton's French Wine Coca, a coca wine, the inspiration for Coca-Cola Coca-Cola, an ... The coca alkaloid content of coca tea is such that the consumption of one cup of coca tea can cause a positive result on a drug ... Coca tea, also called mate de coca, is an herbal tea (infusion) made using the raw or dried leaves of the coca plant, which is ... The amount of coca alkaloid in the raw leaves is small, however. A cup of coca tea prepared from one gram of coca leaves (the ...
Coca began to do nails at age six due to her frequent exposure to the business. By age nine she was painting freestyle designs ... Coca Michelle gained wider prominence as Megan Thee Stallion's key nail artist. Some of the work she did for Megan that gained ... Coca moved to the United States to attend college at Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising and interned in the fashion ... Coca Michelle was born Michelle Nguyen in East London, England. Her parents were manicurists who eventually opened their own ...
... is a species of snout moth in the genus Erelieva. It was described by Harrison Gray Dyar Jr. in 1914, and is ...
Coca nua. A thin coca without condiments. Coca d'olives. Literally: olive coca. Coca de pa. Literally: bread coca. A thin coca ... Coca de carxofa. Literally: artichoke coca. Coca de ceba. Literally: onion coca. Coca de Dacsa. A thin and round coca with made ... Coca dolça amb tallades. A sweet coca with sobrassada. From Majorca. Coca fina. Literally: thin coca. A sugared coca. Coca ... Literally: lemonade coca. Coca de maduixes. Literally: strawberry coca. Coca Maria or Coca bamba. A spongy coca similar to a ...
... was a professor of harmony, theory and composition and conductor at the Music School in Cetatea Albă; a violinist at ... Eugen Coca (born April 15, 1893 in Cureșnița, Soroca district - died January 9, 1954 in Chișinău) was a violinist and composer ... Eugen Coca, violinist, conductor and composer, was born on 3 April 1893 (old style) in Cureșnița, Soroca District. From the ... early childhood, he was taught to play violin with his father, Costache Coca, a well-known musician (lăutar) from Soroca. He ...
... s are the alkaloids found in the coca plant, Erythroxylum coca. They are predominantly of either the pyrrolidine ... Coca wine, an alcoholic beverage combining wine with extracted coca alkaloids Methylecgonidine Troparil Variation of Alkaloid ... Alkaloids found in Erythroxylum coca, All stub articles, Alkaloid stubs). ... Content in Erythroxylum coca Leaves from Leaf Bud to Leaf Drop. Emanuel L. Johnson and Stephen D. Emche, Ann. Bot., 1994, ...
In 2002 Coca Guazzini won the Apes Award for "Best Actress". One of her most recognized roles is Pía Correa Gumucio, of the ... Coca Guazzini at IMDb (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with hCards, Articles with ... Silvia Beatriz Guazzini Monsalve (born December 22, 1953 in Santiago), best known as Coca Guazzini, is a Chilean television, ...
Coca-Cola Vs Coca Sek in Colombia - By SERGIO DE LEON, May 10, 2007, Associated Press v t e (Colombian cuisine, Carbonated ... Coca Sek is a carbonated beverage that the Páez people of south-western Colombia began producing and selling in December 2005. ... The drink is based on coca leaves, which native Colombian peoples have been consuming for centuries to adapt to high altitudes ... In May 2007, the government of Colombia started to remove Coca Sek forcibly from supermarket shelves, although it can still be ...
... is made from whole ground dried coca leaves harvested from the coca plant, Erythroxylum coca or Erythroxylum ... Coca flour is also used as a capsulized food supplement as it contains all natural properties of the whole coca leaf including ... Coca flour is commercially produced and sold in stores in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia and Peru. Coca flour is primarily used ... Safe Food - Coca flour (CS1 Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with short description, Short description is different from ...
Besides producing the coca flavoring agent for Coca-Cola, Stepan Company extracts cocaine from the coca leaves, which it sells ... "How Coca-Cola Obtains Its Coca", The New York Times, July 1, 1998. Accessed December 4, 2007 Benson, Drew. "Coca kick in drinks ... Coca on the other hand stores well and is easily transportable. The price of coca has remained high and in many cases remains a ... The growers of coca are named Cocaleros and part of the coca production for traditional use is legal in Peru, Bolivia and Chile ...
In 2013, a play written, via interview with Coca Crystal and titled If I Can't Dance You Can Keep Your Revolution: The Coca ... Coca Crystal Video Recordings and Papers, Fales Library and Special Collections at New York University Special Collections Coca ... "On Stage, Coca Crystal Gets an East Village Other". The Local East Village. Archived from the original on 2021-02-09. Retrieved ... Starting in 1969, she was a contributor to the East Village Other (EVO) and the name Coca Crystal was created as her pen name. ...
"Bolivia banks on 'Coca Colla,' fizzy coca-leaf drink". AFP. 10 Jan 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2010. "Morales launches 'Coca ... Coca Colla is an energy drink produced in Bolivia with the use of coca extract as its base. It was launched on the Bolivian ... In a press release, the manufacturer OSPICoca's President Victor Ledezma stated "Coca is ours, coca is a Bolivian product and ... and coca tea. The International Narcotics Control Board of the United Nations has had the coca leaf on the list of dangerous ...
Caffeine-Free Coca-Cola (1983-present) - Coca-Cola without the caffeine. Coca-Cola Cherry (1985-present) - Coca-Cola with a ... Coca-Cola Amatil, Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Company, and Coca-Cola FEMSA, as well as some smaller ones, such as Coca-Cola ... Coca-Cola Zero Sugar, Coca-Cola Cherry, Coca-Cola Vanilla, and special versions with lemon, lime, and coffee. Coca-Cola was ... portal The Coca-Cola Company Coca-Cola HBC AG Coca-Cola treatment of phytobezoars Colalife Fanta List of Coca-Cola brands List ...
The Coca Museum (in Spanish, Museo de la Coca) covers the history of the coca plant from the Andean region and related drug ... List of museums in Bolivia "Museo de la Coca , la Paz, Bolivia Attractions". Coca Museum website 16°29′52″S 68°08′18″W /  ... It is associated with the International Coca Research Institute (ICORI) in La Paz, the government seat in Bolivia. A travelling ...
coca It has been suggested that due to a lack of genetic isolation to differentiate it from E. coca var. coca, E. coca var. ... truxillense Erythroxylum coca var. ipadu, also known as Amazonian coca, is closely related to Erythroxylum coca var. coca, from ... Erythroxylum coca is one of two species of cultivated coca. The coca plant resembles a blackthorn bush, and grows to a height ... Since cuttings of E. coca var. coca do not easily root, it is likely that E. coca var. ipadu has been artificially selected for ...
... and the removal of cocaine from coca wine, though coca leaf remained. Coca wine itself became illegal in the United States when ... Peruvian Wine of Coca Coca Mariani medal by Louis-Oscar Roty In Atlanta, John Pemberton, a pharmacist, developed a beverage ... Coca wine is an alcoholic beverage combining wine with cocaine. One popular brand was Vin Mariani, developed in 1863 by French- ... At the end of the 19th century, the fear of drug abuse made coca-based drinks less popular. This led to the prohibition of ...
The Coca is a right tributary of the river Slănic in Romania. It discharges into the Slănic in Niculești. Its length is 8 km ( ...
Diego Galdamez Coca (born August 26, 1994, in San Salvador) is a Salvadoran footballer who currently plays for CD Fuerte San ... El Salvador U21 : Central American Games 2013 Diego Coca at playmakerstats.com (English version of ceroacero.es) v t e ( ...
... is famous for its homemade "Coca Sauce". Tangcharoenmankong, Tanaporn. "Coca's generation next". The Nation. ... Coca Steamboat Thailand Coca Steamboat Singapore Frommers review - published in the New York Times Travel Guide v t e (Articles ... Coca is a Thai hot pot restaurant chain, established in 1957. It began as a 20-seat restaurant in Soi Dejo, Thailand. The ... In 1987, Coca launched its first remote venture in Singapore. The success and popularity of the first two restaurants Chinatown ...
... at IMDb Imogene Coca at the Internet Broadway Database Imogene Coca discography at Discogs Portals: Biography ... The Imogene Coca Show ran for one year (1954 to 1955). In the 1963-64 TV season, Coca portrayed a comic temporary helper in the ... The Caesar-Coca partnership might have continued, but the network tried to generate more revenue by spinning off Coca into her ... Coca was a practicing Roman Catholic.[citation needed] Coca was a Democrat who supported the campaign of Adlai Stevenson in the ...
Look up COCA, Coca, or coca in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Coca may refer to any of the four cultivated plants which ... Coca (pastry), a typical Catalan pizza-like dish Coca Colla, a Bolivian soft drink that contains extract of the coca leaf Coca ... Spain Coca River, a river in Ecuador Coca (Slănic), a river in Romania Coca, Segovia, a town in Segovia, Spain Pizzo Coca, the ... a beverage made from coca leaves Coca wine or Mariani wine is an alcoholic wine made from the coca plant Coca-Cola, an ...
Coca Castle San Nicolás, Mudéjar tower Coca Walls and La Villa main door Vaccaei walls Santa María la Mayor church City hall ... Coca is a municipality in the province of Segovia, central Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile and Leon. It is ... Castillo de Coca, a 15th-century Mudéjar-style castle is located in the town. It was also the birthplace of Roman Emperor ... Nuestra Señora de La Merced hospital Verracos vettones of Coca Roman domus Roman cloaca Puente Grande bidge Puente Chico bridge ...
On 20 March 2014, Coca signed for Kakkonen club Kultsu FC. Coca is a member of the Puerto Rico national football team and ... "Juan Coca". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmermann. Retrieved 25 July 2012. "Juan Coca". caribbeanfootballdatabase ... Juan Antonio Agustin Coca Nogueres (born 31 May 1993 in San Juan) is a Puerto Rican footballer, who plays as a striker for ... Coca was also part of the preliminary squad for the 2012 FIFA U-20 World Cup and played in the 2013 CONCACAF Under 20 ...
... and tended to view the Coca people as servants (The Nahuatl word "coca" means servants.) In 1310 a group of Coca tribe were led ... Rescue of the Coca Language (grant) at Seeds of Wisdom (formerly Sacred Fire Foundation) Reportaje Rescate De La Lengua Coca ... The Coca people are part of one of the oldest indigenous groups who live in what is now the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Cazcan, ... In September 2018, Coca people hoped to recover their seized lands in es:Mezcala (Jalisco), the target of large-scale real ...
"DOCUMENTAR Actrița Coca Bloos împlinește 70 de ani". agerpres.ro. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2017. Coca Bloos at IMDb v t ... Coca Bloos (born 1 October 1946) is a Romanian actress. She appeared in more than forty films since 1988. " ...
and the COCA Website at emergency.cdc.gov/coca. Thank you. [Announcer] For the most accurate health information, visit www.cdc. ...
There are two species of coca crops, each with two varieties: Erythroxylum coca Erythroxylum coca var. coca (Bolivian or ... In addition, E. coca var. ipadu was separately derived from E. coca var. coca when plants were taken into the Amazon basin. ... coca leaves was measured ranging from 0.23% to 0.96%. Coca-Cola used coca leaf extract in its products from 1885 until about ... The coca plant was also the inspiration for Bolivias Coca Museum. While many historians are in agreement that coca was a ...
Reviewed when published in hardback (26 July, p 61) the paperback is now out, which weaves into the tale of coca a tribute to & ... Take the plunge with Wade Davis into the Amazon rainforest in One River to investigate the origins of the coca plant and its ... the paperback is now out, which weaves into the tale of coca a tribute to the. life and work of his mentor, Richard Evans ... River to investigate the origins of the coca plant and its cultural importance. to the tribes of the region. Reviewed when ...
COCA-COLA: CARBONATED WATER. COCA-COLA IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY. VEGETARIAN PRODUCT. ... COCA-COLA ZERO SUGAR: CARBONATED WATER. CONTAINS NON-CALORIC SWEETENER. THIS CARBONATED WATER CONTAINS AN ADMIXTURE OF ... THUMS UP IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY. * MRP INCLUSIVE OF ALL TAXES. VEGETARIAN PRODUCT. ... THUMS UP IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY. VEGETARIAN PRODUCT. ...
Coca-Cola is a beverage company founded in 1892 that is best known for carbonated soft drinks. The original Coca-Cola drink ... A small shopkeeper in Mexico City has won a David versus Goliath legal battle against the US drinks firm, Coca-Cola. When Coca- ... In March 2000, Coca Cola, under its Indian subsidiary Hindustan Coca Cola Beverages Private Limited (HCCBPL), commenced ... Turkish union workers sued the Coca-Cola Co and Turkish bottling partner Coca-Cola Icecek on Tuesday, claiming human rights ...
Tag: Coca-Colam sperm. Two more returning Ig winners: Sperm & Scented Suit. September 27, 2011. Marc Abrahams ... Ig Nobel, Improbable InvestigatorsCoca-Colam sperm, contraception, miccroencapsulation, perfume, scented, spermicide, suit ... 2009 chemistry prize for testing whether Coca-Cola is an effective spermicide) Hyuk Ho Kwon (1999 environmental protection ...
COCA-COLA: CARBONATED WATER. COCA-COLA IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY. VEGETARIAN PRODUCT. ... COCA-COLA ZERO SUGAR: CARBONATED WATER. CONTAINS NON-CALORIC SWEETENER. THIS CARBONATED WATER CONTAINS AN ADMIXTURE OF ... THUMS UP IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY. * MRP INCLUSIVE OF ALL TAXES. VEGETARIAN PRODUCT. ... THUMS UP IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY. VEGETARIAN PRODUCT. ...
ACTIVE is the leader in online event registrations from 5k running races and marathons to softball leagues and local events. ACTIVE also makes it easy to learn and prepare for all the things you love to do with expert resources, training plans and fitness calculators.. ...
... 6:25 PM ET Tue, 24 April 2012. ... Did Coca-Cola post earnings results that were flat or are things fizzing?. ...
... the Coca-Cola Company has led a true commitment to showcasing the unlimited potential of individuals with intellectual ... The Coca-Cola Company. For over 50 years, the Coca-Cola Company has led a true commitment to showcasing the unlimited potential ... In 2019, our 51st year of partnership, The Coca-Cola Company leveraged the reach and relevancy of the Coca-Cola brand to ... Coca-Colas partnership with Special Olympics has progressed over the years, built on a foundational belief in social inclusion ...
... interactive performance by the company members in COCAs Improv Troupe. Performers practice long- and short-form improvisation, ... Staenberg Performance Lab at COCA 6880 Washington Ave. St. Louis, MO 63130 (314) 561-4877. Visit Venue Website ... Dont miss this fun, interactive performance by the company members in COCAs Improv Troupe. ...
As one of the worlds largest bottlers of Coca-Cola, the Coca Cola Hellenic Bottling Company (HBC) operates in 28 countries and ... Coca-Cola HBC is already successfully using the vision picking solution xPick at 18 logistics locations (plants and ... A number of potentials for the extended use of augmented reality have been identified within Coca-Cola HBC:. *Problems or ... The remote support solution reduces downtime on Coca-Cola HBC production lines by up to 50 percent. In addition, the use of ...
ATLANTA-The Coca-Cola Corporation held a press conference yesterday to announce that its soft drinks will soon be available ... If Andre is chosen, Coca-Cola will reanimate him in the same laboratories where the Coca-Cola head executives were cloned. Ve ... The Coca-Cola company is considering exhuming the corpse of wrestling legend Andre The Giant for use as the products spokesman ... ATLANTA-The Coca-Cola Corporation held a press conference yesterday to announce that its soft drinks will soon be available ...
The taste of the the Coca-Cola-owned brand is governed by a complex algorithm that allows for the 600+ juice flavors to be ... Coca-Colas algorithmic orange juice. posted by Jason Kottke Feb 06, 2013 ...
Create a more engaging presentation than powerpoint with Prezis Coca Cola Presentation Background. Make your next presentation ... Coca-Cola Pakistan (Fan Page) Email : [email protected] Pet 500ml Coca Cola Coca-cola sold in more than 200 countries. Coca-Cola ... Discount from coca cola itself. Group Suggestion for 4Ps Soft Drink 4/ Promotion 4 Ps Target marketing of Coca Cola : Coca ... Coca-Cola Presentation. Transcript: Psychographic: Coca Cola bottle size 500ml, 1L, 1.5L, 2L pack Behavioral: Coca-Cola ...
PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- By a majority vote, production workers at the Coca Cola manufacturing facility in Allentown, PA have ... "We already represent other employees of Coca-Cola at an independent bottler of Coca Cola products, and we have experience ... Coca-Cola has, over the years, diversified their inventory of beverages in order to suit current tastes and this plant is no ... "These Coca-Cola employees work hard to keep the production levels high and we are proud to be their union representatives," ...
Coca-Cola goes low-carb 25-May-2004. Coca-Cola is launching a modified version of the worlds best-selling drink to target the ... Last week, Coca-Cola and PepsiCo decided the time was right to comply with FDA recommendations and explain the nutrition in a ... Sports exclusive: Coca-Cola China banks on e-commerce to market BodyArmor exclusively on Tmall 05-Nov-2019. By Pearly Neo ... Pepsi and Coca-Cola boost nutritional labeling 18-Oct-2004. These increasingly health conscious times are proving challenging ...
... see screenshots and learn more about Coca-Cola. Download Coca-Cola and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad and iPod touch. ... Enter codes from Coca-Cola beverages. - Claim awesome prizes. - Play fun games in our Game Center Stay tuned for new features ... The developer, Coca-Cola, indicated that the apps privacy practices may include handling of data as described below. For more ... In order to enhance your Coca-Cola App (CCA) experience, we often release updates in the form of new features, fixes and fine- ...
... Rhett A. Butler, ... Colombia is a leading producer of coca and much of the countrys coca is grown by poor farmers because it generates more income ... Coca provides the key ingredient in cocaine and its eradication is a fundamental part of the US-backed war on drugs. ... Each acre of requires clearing of roughly four acres of forest while the dumping of chemicals used to process coca leaves ( ...
Sign up for the Coca-Cola Park Baseball Showcase The IronPigs will host the Coca-Cola Park Baseball Showcase on Saturday, Oct. ... Roster Staff/Contact Us Coca-Cola Park Partnership Opportunities Individual Stats News Home Scoreboard Standings Transactions ... Roster Staff/Contact Us Coca-Cola Park Partnership Opportunities Individual Stats News Home Scoreboard Standings Transactions ... Coca-Cola Park Map IronPigs Weather Policy ... Coca-Cola Park Map IronPigs Weather Policy ...
Your browser does not support the audio element for this particular LIVE RBN stream player. Visit: HOW TO LISTEN for more options ...
checking whether package coca can be installed ... [1s/1s] OK. See the install log for details. ...
Coca-Cola "Unity". Posted July 16, 2008. by Justin Cone W+K Portland tapped the prodigious powers of Smith&Foulkes (Nexus ... Coca-Cola is a global corporation they dont give a shit whos buying or drinking it as long as the $$$ are pouring in. ... Client Coca-Cola. W+K Portland. Creative Directors Hal Curtis, Sheena Brady. Copywriter Dylan Lee. Art Director Mira Kaddoura. ...
... - Public Domain image from section: plants/assorted/C/ at wpclipart.com ...
... of this study lies in understanding the organization and studying and understanding the advertising effectiveness of Coca-Cola ... Coca Cola History Summary. 2752 Words , 12 Pages. HISTORY & BACKGROUND OF COCA COLA The Coca Cola company is known as one of ... The Coca-Cola Company, makers of coke, sprite, fanta, diet coke, coca-cola zero etc. The coca-cola company operates/sells ... The Coca-Cola formula and brand was bought in 1889 by Asa Candler who incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892. Besides its ...
... Vienna/Bogotá. UNODC. 25 July 2012. The area under coca crop ... The average net income from coca of a farmer selling coca leaf is close to $2 per day, close to the threshold of extreme ... The farm-gate value of coca leaf and derivatives (coca paste, cocaine base) in 2011 was estimated at US$420 million, worth ... The 2011 survey shows that while the area used for coca leaf cultivation decreased in 14 of the 24 departments of Colombia, ...
K-pop girl group NewJeans have released a new digital single and music video in collaboration with Coca-Cola titled Zero. ... "Coca-Cola is tasty, Coca-Cola is tasty / See you lookin, catch it / Heres your Cola / See you lookin, catch it / Heres your ... The track was released in collaboration with Coca-Cola for its Coca-Cola Zero campaign in South Korea. ... Meanwhile, Coca-Cola representatives remarked that through the new collaboration, listeners would be able to "feel the thrill ...
Dont Dilute My Coca-Cola with Your Concealed Carry. Eugene Volokh , 5.21.2021 10:31 AM. ... The dilution theory is simply that if similar marks are allowed (not just this one but many others in other fields), the Coca- ... We have found above, however, that Applicants mark will immediately conjure up Opposers famous Coca-Cola Script Mark, ... Coca-Cola Co. v. Hoff); his proposed mark was forbidden by the federal trademark law banning commercial "dilution by blurring" ...
  • The Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) and Health Alert Network (HAN) team at CDC acts as a bridge between experts across the agency and diverse clinical professionals. (medscape.com)
  • Coca-Cola used coca leaf extract in its products from 1885 until about 1903, when it began using decocainized leaf extract. (wikipedia.org)
  • truxillense (Trujillo Coca) - grown primarily in the Cajamarca and Amazonas states in Peru, including for the Empresa Nacional de la Coca S.A. and export by Coca-Cola for beverage flavoring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coca-Cola is a beverage company founded in 1892 that is best known for carbonated soft drinks. (corpwatch.org)
  • The original Coca-Cola drink contained trace quantities of cocaine. (corpwatch.org)
  • Coca-Cola was ranked the world's No 1 plastic polluter after its beverage bottles were the most frequently found discarded on beaches, rivers, parks and other litter sites in over 50 countries. (corpwatch.org)
  • Coca-Cola has been accused of over-extraction of groundwater in India and Mexico and of abusing workers's rights in Colombia, Guatemala, Russia and Turkey. (corpwatch.org)
  • Sinaltrainal, the Coca-Cola workers trade union in Colombia, says company-linked paramilitaries have killed eight workers. (corpwatch.org)
  • Almost 130 years ago, Coca-Cola first quenched Americans' thirst and splashed its irresistible blend of sugar and, yes, cocaine , across our taste buds and brains. (corpwatch.org)
  • A former Coca-Cola Enterprises manager has admitted taking more than £1.5m in bribes in exchange for helping favoured companies win lucrative contracts. (corpwatch.org)
  • Two more returning Ig Nobel Prize winners have joined the lineup for the 21st First Annual Ig Nobel Prize ceremony on Thursday night: Deborah Anderson [pictured here, delivering her acceptance speech] (2009 chemistry prize for testing whether Coca-Cola is an effective spermicide) Hyuk Ho Kwon (1999 environmental protection prize, for inventing the self-perfuming business suit). (improbable.com)
  • Experience the world of Coca-Cola on your mobile or tablet. (google.com)
  • Coca-Cola Application is operating only in European Markets. (google.com)
  • In order to enhance your Coca-Cola App (CCA) experience, we often release updates in the form of new features, fixes and fine-tuning, ultimately ensuring that your overall CCA experience is more fun, smooth and always up-to-date. (google.com)
  • Coca-Cola Earnings: Flat or Fizzing? (cnbc.com)
  • Did Coca-Cola post earnings results that were flat or are things fizzing? (cnbc.com)
  • When this story was published, Cramer's charitable trust owned Coca-Cola. (cnbc.com)
  • For over 50 years, the Coca-Cola Company has led a true commitment to showcasing the unlimited potential of individuals with intellectual disabilities and the power of sport to bring people together and transform lives. (specialolympics.org)
  • As a founding partner and global sponsor of Special Olympics, Coca-Cola has been at the forefront of the movement to celebrate the limitless potential of individuals with intellectual disabilities and the power of sport to bring people together and, ultimately, transform lives. (specialolympics.org)
  • This longstanding partnership is grounded in the shared values of optimism, acceptance and inclusion, which Special Olympics and Coca-Cola have brought to communities across the globe over the last five decades. (specialolympics.org)
  • In 2019, our 51st year of partnership, The Coca-Cola Company leveraged the reach and relevancy of the Coca-Cola brand to activate the Special Olympics World Games in Abu Dhabi. (specialolympics.org)
  • Coca-Cola brings moments of joy and refreshment to our athletes in Abu Dhabi. (specialolympics.org)
  • We are proud to help promote the incredibly valuable contributions Special Olympics athletes bring to organizations like Coca-Cola. (specialolympics.org)
  • As one of the world's largest bottlers of Coca-Cola, the Coca Cola Hellenic Bottling Company (HBC) operates in 28 countries and is responsible for the production and bottling of the entire Coca-Cola range. (teamviewer.com)
  • Coca-Cola HBC is already successfully using the vision picking solution xPick at 18 logistics locations (plants and distribution centers) to optimize its logistics processes. (teamviewer.com)
  • The remote support solution reduces downtime on Coca-Cola HBC production lines by up to 50 percent. (teamviewer.com)
  • ATLANTA-The Coca-Cola Corporation held a press conference yesterday to announce that its soft drinks will soon be available exclusively in 30-liter plastic bottles. (theonion.com)
  • The three-liter didn't fail because it was too big, but because it was not big enough,' Coca-Cola CEO Vic Hertner said. (theonion.com)
  • The Coca-Cola Corporation does not see these factors as drawbacks. (theonion.com)
  • The Coca-Cola company is considering exhuming the corpse of wrestling legend Andre The Giant for use as the product's spokesman. (theonion.com)
  • If Andre is chosen, Coca-Cola will reanimate him in the same laboratories where the Coca-Cola head executives were cloned. (theonion.com)
  • The taste of the the Coca-Cola-owned brand is governed by a complex algorithm that allows for the 600+ juice flavors to be tweaked throughout the year to ensure consistency. (kottke.org)
  • There are 90 employees in the union bargaining unit, all of which work in the syrup production facility, the key ingredient in Coca-Cola beverages. (prnewswire.com)
  • After many years of not being heard, the employees of Coca-Cola Lehigh Valley syrup plant finally have a voice," said Dan Rice , an employee for the past 16 years. (prnewswire.com)
  • Coca-Cola has, over the years, diversified their inventory of beverages in order to suit current tastes and this plant is no different. (prnewswire.com)
  • In addition to Coca-Cola, other sodas such as Sprite, Fanta and Powerade are made at this facility. (prnewswire.com)
  • These Coca-Cola employees work hard to keep the production levels high and we are proud to be their union representatives," said Dennis Hower , President of Teamsters Local 773. (prnewswire.com)
  • We already represent other employees of Coca-Cola at an independent bottler of Coca Cola products, and we have experience negotiating contracts in this industry. (prnewswire.com)
  • We look forward to working on the first collective bargaining agreement here at Coca-Cola. (prnewswire.com)
  • Coca-Cola China is banking on the popularity of digital e-commerce in the country to introduce its second local sports drink BodyArmor to consumers via its Tmall store, along with other products only found in other global markets thus far. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Legacy CPG companies PepsiCo and Coca-Cola have each snapped up or invested heavily in a functional food and beverage brand this year. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Coca-Cola and PepsiCo both say they have no current plans to enter the cannabis space, contrary to recent rumours. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Riding on the 'clean label' sports nutrition movement, beverage giant Coca-Cola announced that it is acquiring a minority stake in BodyArmor, structured to lead to a full acquisition. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Beverage brand development guru James Tonkin has warned wannabe entrepreneurs that going up against established brands such as Red Bull and Coca-Cola without some kind of 'silo vertical' protection is fruitless. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Coca-Cola has agreed to settle a series of 'copycat' lawsuits accusing it of deceptively marketing Vitaminwater. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Experience the world of Coca-Cola on your iPhone or iPad. (apple.com)
  • The developer, Coca-Cola , indicated that the app's privacy practices may include handling of data as described below. (apple.com)
  • The IronPigs will host the Coca-Cola Park Baseball Showcase on Saturday, Oct. 24 and Sunday, Oct. 25. (milb.com)
  • Coca-Cola is a global corporation they don't give a shit who's buying or drinking it as long as the $$$ are pouring in. (motionographer.com)
  • Coca-Cola reports third-quarter revenue that topped analysts' estimates. (cnbc.com)
  • It has launched its Coca-Cola Plus Coffee drink in more than 20 markets. (cnbc.com)
  • The company is also introducing its first energy drink under the Coca-Cola brand . (cnbc.com)
  • Read the full Coca-Cola earnings release here. (cnbc.com)
  • The findings of the activity have been drawn out in form of graphs and suggestions have been offered there from the Coca-Cola Company is the world 's largest beverage company, largest manufacturer, distributor and marketer of non-alcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups in the world and is one of the largest corporations in the United States. (ipl.org)
  • The company is best known for its flagship product Coca-Cola, invented by pharmacist John Smith Pemberton in 1886. (ipl.org)
  • The Coca-Cola formula and brand was bought in 1889 by Asa Candler who incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892. (ipl.org)
  • Besides its namesake Coca-Cola beverage, Coca-Cola currently offers nearly 400 brands in over 200 countries or territories and serves 1.6 billion servings each day. (ipl.org)
  • The company operates a franchised distribution system dating from 1889 where The Coca-Cola Company only produces syrup concentrate which is then sold to various bottlers throughout the world who hold an exclusive territory. (ipl.org)
  • The Coca-Cola Company is headquarter Coca-Cola has sold more than one billion servings every day. (ipl.org)
  • Coca-Cola has been around for over to her New Year's, starting in 1888. (ipl.org)
  • This shows that even though Coke has a lot of quantity they still deliver at continuous quantity (World of Coca-Cola). (ipl.org)
  • How did Coca-Cola appeal to its consumers? (ipl.org)
  • They have also implemented diversification by releasing new products in new market areas, as attested to by the video which stated that Coca Cola has over 500 brands worldwide, with only 70 in the US. (ipl.org)
  • The penetration model is probably the one most commonly used by Coca Cola. (ipl.org)
  • In their constant battle with Pepsi over market share, Coca Cola puts a lot of emphasis on brand recognition in and attempt to increase the sales of existing products in existing markets. (ipl.org)
  • Coca- Cola features it commercial 'America the beautiful' during Super-bowl 47. (ipl.org)
  • In the United States, one business has helped to define their culture, the Coca-Cola Company. (ipl.org)
  • Coca-Cola was invented in 1886 by John S. Pemberton in his backyard. (ipl.org)
  • Mailing address: The Coca Cola Company, PO. (mrc.org)
  • Universal McCann global chief strategy officer Hamish Kinniburgh tells Beet.TV in this video interview how his agency did so for Coca Cola during the recent soccer World Cup. (beet.tv)
  • K-pop girl group NewJeans have released a new promotional single 'Zero', in collaboration with Coca-Cola. (nme.com)
  • The track was released in collaboration with Coca-Cola for its Coca-Cola Zero campaign in South Korea. (nme.com)
  • Coca-Cola is tasty, Coca-Cola is tasty / See you lookin', catch it / Here's your Cola / See you lookin', catch it / Here's your Cola, " they chant on the energetic chorus. (nme.com)
  • The release of 'Zero' was first announced by ADOR last week, along with news of NewJeans' new global ambassadorship with Coca-Cola. (nme.com)
  • The girl group will also be the face of the brand's Coca-Cola Zero campaign in South Korea. (nme.com)
  • In a press statement, the label shared: "Both NewJeans and Coca-Cola Zero have a distinctive charm that can't easily be emulated by just anyone. (nme.com)
  • Meanwhile, Coca-Cola representatives remarked that through the new collaboration, listeners would be able to "feel the thrill of the moment you meet Coca-Cola Zero. (nme.com)
  • He expressed Opposer's concern that if it "was incorrectly associated with a position that TCCC had not adopted or with which TCCC did not agree, TCCC would lose control of at least a portion of its goodwill and reputation that the Coca-Cola Script Mark symbolizes, especially with consumers who do not agree with the position. (reason.com)
  • We have found above, however, that Applicant's mark will immediately conjure up Opposer's famous Coca-Cola Script Mark, resulting in the association of Opposer with a particular position in the minds of purchasers and observers of Applicant's clothing. (reason.com)
  • Even if that association is ephemeral for some persons, it compromises Opposer's ability to exercise exclusive control over the goodwill symbolized by the Coca-Cola Script Mark. (reason.com)
  • There seems to be some blurring between dilution and the separate trademark theory of confusion in this analysis: Dilution can happen even if everyone understands that Coca-Cola isn't taking any stance on gun control, and is not confused into thinking that Coca-Cola is a hypocrite in the event it eventually opposes gun control. (reason.com)
  • The dilution theory is simply that if similar marks are allowed (not just this one but many others in other fields), the Coca-Cola mark will bring to people's minds those other marks, even if they consciously recognize that Coca-Cola hasn't endorsed those marks. (reason.com)
  • This product is suitable for vegetarians/vegans.Coca-Cola Original Taste has been refreshing people around the world since 1886 - Great Coke taste - Only natural flavours - No added preservatives Serve ice cold for maximum refreshment. (waitrose.com)
  • Coca-Cola has always been an integral part of enjoying sports and entertainment around the world, so we decided to reinforce that by showing people the indescribable feeling of being part of the crowd at these huge cultural gatherings. (ogilvy.com)
  • A feeling that some people may not have felt in a while, but one that is as familiar as the taste of Coca-Cola. (ogilvy.com)
  • Coca-Cola has reported a higher-than-expected profit in the third quarter as sales increased in both its domestic and international markets. (bbc.com)
  • Coca-Cola has been working for several years to improve its North American business, chief executive Muhtar Kent told investors on a conference call. (bbc.com)
  • On October 9, 2012 at 11:48 a.m. the final 6.5 ounce returnable glass Coca Cola bottle, in a bottling run of 5,880 bottles, was filled and capped at the Winona, Minnesota Coca-Cola Bottling Company. (foodreference.com)
  • Coca Cola is now using sugarcane - but not in Coca Cola. (foodreference.com)
  • The first Coca-Cola was sold on May 8, 1886 at a soda fountain in Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, either by Pemberton himself, or by clerk Willis Venable. (foodreference.com)
  • John Styth Pemberton, the Atlanta pharmacist who created Coca-Cola, sold a 2/3 interest in his company in 1887 for $283.29. (foodreference.com)
  • Coca-Cola was first bottled in in Vicksburg, Mississippi in 1894 by August Biedenharn, but was this bottling was only local in scope. (foodreference.com)
  • Several years later in 1899, Benjamin Thomas and Joseph Whitehead, two Chattanooga lawyers, obtained rights to bottle Coca Cola in most of the U.S., except for Mississippi, New England and certain areas in Texas. (foodreference.com)
  • The site where Coca Cola was first bottled in Mississippi is now the Biedenharn Candy Company Museum. (foodreference.com)
  • One 12 ounce can of Coca Cola contains approximately 45 mg. of caffeine. (foodreference.com)
  • Remember, Coca-Cola was originally marketed for its medicinal qualities. (foodreference.com)
  • Vin Mariani was widely imitated, and Pemberton at first produced an imitation of Vin Mariani before formulating his own concoction, Coca-Cola. (foodreference.com)
  • Coca-Cola never contained much cocaine - and the amount was quickly reduced to almost undetectable amounts after a few years, when cocaine's negative properties started to become evident. (foodreference.com)
  • Estimates are the syrup contained 1 part in 50 million - that would be about 1/2 ounce in 25 million gallons of Coca Cola). (foodreference.com)
  • Since 1929 there has been no cocaine in Coca Cola. (foodreference.com)
  • PARIS--( BUSINESS WIRE )--Drinking a Coca-Cola, any Coca-Cola, makes the moment special. (businesswire.com)
  • Today at an event in Paris, the Company's Chief Marketing Officer, Marcos de Quinto, revealed a new 'One Brand' global marketing strategy that, for the first time ever, unites Coca-Cola, Coca-Cola Light/Diet Coca-Cola, Coca-Cola Zero, and Coca-Cola Life under the iconic Coca-Cola brand positioning in one global creative campaign, "Taste the Feeling. (businesswire.com)
  • Extends the global equity and iconic appeal of original Coca-Cola across the Trademark, uniting the Coca-Cola family under the world's number one beverage brand. (businesswire.com)
  • Features the product at the heart of the creative , celebrating the experience and simple pleasure of drinking a Coca-Cola, any Coca-Cola. (businesswire.com)
  • Underscores the Company's commitment to choice , allowing consumers to choose whichever Coca-Cola suits their taste, lifestyle, and diet. (businesswire.com)
  • Every day, millions of people around the world reach for an ice cold Coca-Cola," said Marcos de Quinto, Chief Marketing Officer, The Coca-Cola Company. (businesswire.com)
  • The new 'One Brand' approach will share the equity of Coca-Cola, across all Coca-Cola Trademark products, reinforcing our commitment to offer consumers choice with more clarity. (businesswire.com)
  • This is a powerful investment behind all Coca-Cola products, showing how everyone can enjoy the specialness of an ice-cold Coca-Cola, with or without calories, with or without caffeine. (businesswire.com)
  • Added de Quinto: "More than ever, we recognize people want their Coca-Cola in different ways, but whichever one they want, they want a Coca-Cola brand with great taste and uplifting refreshment. (businesswire.com)
  • The creative campaign is anchored in the fundamentals of the Coca-Cola brand - the Spencerian script, the red disc and the iconic glass bottle - but with a modern take, featuring authentic and real moments with the product at center stage. (businesswire.com)
  • Coca-Cola gathered global creative minds from 10 different agencies to begin the development process, and ultimately the 10 Television Commercials created for the campaign were produced by the following 4: Mercado-McCann, Sra. (businesswire.com)
  • The spots give the viewer momentary, but intimate glimpses into everyday stories, feelings and experiences that people share while enjoying an ice-cold Coca-Cola. (businesswire.com)
  • At the close of each commercial, the family of Coca-Cola trademark products unite as one under the famous red Coca-Cola disc. (businesswire.com)
  • There is nothing quite like the taste of an ice-cold Coca-Cola," said Rodolfo Echeverria, Vice President, Global Creative, Connections & Digital, The Coca-Cola Company. (businesswire.com)
  • The campaign creative was designed to celebrate the notion that the simple pleasure of drinking an ice-cold Coca-Cola makes any moment more special. (businesswire.com)
  • The lead television spot, "Anthem , " ( Mercado-McCann ) comes to life through a series of ordinary moments linked by a Coca-Cola, such as ice-skating with friends, a first date, a first kiss, and a first love. (businesswire.com)
  • Coca-Cola worked with Music Dealers to source the song. (businesswire.com)
  • The anthem includes a new audio signature, inspired by the sounds of the experience of enjoying a Coca-Cola - the pop of the cap, the fizz, and ultimately the sounds of enjoyment. (businesswire.com)
  • "Break Up" ( Santo ) follows the journey of a young couple's romance from the first date and early feelings of excitement and love to an explosive break-up and ultimate reconciliation over an ice-cold Coca-Cola. (businesswire.com)
  • We want to make a symbolic protest against a tax that punishes our company and stigmatizes our products' Coca-Cola said. (industryweek.com)
  • Coca-Cola on Sept. 8 postponed planned $24-million investment at a plant in the south of France to protest a new tax on sugary drinks. (industryweek.com)
  • Coca-Cola Enterprises' global president John Brock's visit to the site at Pennes-Mirabeau near the Mediterranean city of Marseille for the plant's 40th anniversary has been cancelled, the company said. (industryweek.com)
  • The lawmaker for the region where the Coca-Cola factory is located, Valerie Boyer of President Nicolas UMP party, said she was 'absolutely shocked' by the company's 'blackmail. (industryweek.com)
  • Coca-Cola employs around 3,000 people at five sites around France. (industryweek.com)
  • We have been writing and commenting, and did a one-hour Cable TV Program, on the corruption in the case against The Coca-Cola Company, in Chicago's notorious federal district court. (rense.com)
  • The case against Coca-Cola was brought in January, 1997, by a Nebraska attorney, John DeCamp, with long prior experience with the American CIA. (rense.com)
  • Any plaintiff's attorney might get chewed up and spit out, especially by Coca-Cola, a worldwide adjunct and proprietary operation of the American CIA. (rense.com)
  • By the corrupt process of random magic, instead of random selection, the Coca-Cola case was assigned to Chicago U.S. District Judge Blanche M. Manning [(312) 435-7608]. (rense.com)
  • And the road to reportedly blackmailing her, to favor Coca-Cola, was already built. (rense.com)
  • John DeCamp, in a position reportedly to understand a few things about Coca-Cola and the CIA and the Chicago federal judges, withdrew from the newly started case against Coke, in July, 1997. (rense.com)
  • And that Coca-Cola said yes to getting the idea off the ground. (warc.com)
  • Coca-Cola will be celebrating the 100th anniversary of its 'Contour bottle' at a pop-up bar in London's Soho this week (19-21 March). (campaignlive.co.uk)
  • Coca-Cola will also be hosting live, contemporary entertainment at the venue on Greek Street, which will be open until 8pm for three days. (campaignlive.co.uk)
  • The High Museum of Art in Atlanta, USA, is currently hosting The Coca-Cola Bottle: An American Icon at 100, a four-part exhibit featuring more than 100 original bottle-inspired artworks. (campaignlive.co.uk)
  • Two separate touring art exhibitions entitled The Coca-Cola Bottle Art Tour: Inspiring Pop Culture for 100 Years will also aim to take consumers on a multi-sensory journey celebrating the glass shape. (campaignlive.co.uk)
  • A product of The Coca-Cola Company. (chick-fil-a.com)
  • Giant red-and-white seasonal contour bottles mingle with ornament trees, and a special exhibit, "A Coca-Cola Christmas Celebration," archives Coca-Cola's international presence with a holiday focus. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • For those who have always wondered why Saint Nick dons a familiar shade of red, the "History of the Coca-Cola Santa" explains the relationship between our favorite holiday icon and The Coca-Cola Company. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • The exhibit features several paintings of the famous Santa that Coca-Cola originally commissioned Haddon Sundblom to illustrate in the 1930s. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • r\nAs guests enter and leave the attraction, the holiday lights and giant, sparkling ornaments adorning the Pemberton Place lawn set the scene outside the World of Coca-Cola and provide the perfect opportunity to capture and share a photo. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • r\nIn addition to the year-round beverage tasting experience at the World of Coca-Cola, Gingerbread Coke®, Diet Gingerbread Coke® and Chocolate Cherry Coke® are on the menu for a limited time at the complimentary sampling bar in the Taste It! (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • Whether guests reach for the seasonal beverages or take the international tour of Coca-Cola products, the experience is sure to be tasty. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • r\nForget white elephants - visitors can choose a Coca-Cola Polar Bear-approved gift this year. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • As part of The Coca-Cola Company's 5by20 initiative to empower 5 million women entrepreneurs by 2020, The Coca-Cola Store at the World of Coca-Cola has handcrafted jewelry and other unique accessories created by the 5by20 artisans. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • r\nNo visit to the World of Coca-Cola is complete without visiting the attraction's fun-loving arctic giant, the Coca-Cola Polar Bear, to snap a selfie or snag a hug. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • r\nPhotos can be shared using #WorldofCocaCola for a chance to be featured on the World of Coca-Cola website or social media channels. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • r\nWorld of Coca-Cola Annual Passes can help lighten the post-holiday blues with some year-round Coca-Cola red. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • ATLANTA, Nov. 21, 2016 - A cup of cheer has officially been poured, as the World of Coca‑Cola in Atlanta has launched its holiday celebration. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • Coca‑Cola has been a special part of seasonal celebrations for generations, and similarly, the World of Coca‑Cola has become a favorite destination for fans from around the world looking to experience the magic of the holidays," said General Manager of Retail and Attractions for the World of Coca‑Cola Russell Jacobs. (worldofcoca-cola.com)
  • It's a good enough pairing that both Coca-Cola and Pepsi sell soda with coffee , and you can buy cans of them already mixed together. (yahoo.com)
  • Dark roasts have bold, nutty flavor notes that are fairly straightforward and mix easily with the sweeter taste of Coca-Cola. (yahoo.com)
  • How much Coca-Cola should you add to your morning brew? (yahoo.com)
  • Coca-Cola tastes sweet with a slight vanilla flavor, which mixes well with the more bold, bitter taste of coffee. (yahoo.com)
  • On average, brewed coffee has over four times the amount of caffeine as Coca-Cola, while instant coffee has three times the amount of caffeine. (yahoo.com)
  • Trichobezoar effectively treated with direct endoscopic injection of Coca-Cola: A case report. (bvsalud.org)
  • Recently, although it has been reported that Coca - Cola could effectively dissolve persimmon phytobezoars, it was ineffective in dissolving trichobezoars . (bvsalud.org)
  • We report a case in which Coca - Cola was directly injected into a trichobezoar followed by successful endoscopic removal of the mass. (bvsalud.org)
  • Endoscopic removal of the mass was performed under general anesthesia following oral administration of Coca - Cola at a dose of 100 mL thrice a day for 10 days. (bvsalud.org)
  • Thus, Coca - Cola was injected directly into the bezoar using a local injection needle , which facilitated the separation of the bezoar and allowed the grasping forceps to fragment it to a size that could pass through the cardia . (bvsalud.org)
  • In conclusion, direct injection of Coca - Cola was effective in the complete endoscopic removal of trichobezoars . (bvsalud.org)
  • Coca Cola, averaging 35 g / 330 ml). (who.int)
  • 27 plants were instal ed in partnership with Coca-Cola Pakistan. (who.int)
  • Microdureza de restaurações de resina composta expostas a agentes clareadores e coca cola. (bvsalud.org)
  • As a Program Manager, I had helped more than 150+ entrepreneurs by running programs in the whole Central America region for important banks to public and private companies, for example, Coca-Cola. (lu.se)
  • Designed to be timely and concise, the COCA Now email message will inform clinicians of new CDC resources and guidance related to emergency preparedness and response. (cdc.gov)
  • The COCA and HAN team focuses on emergency preparedness and response communication tailored to healthcare professionals. (medscape.com)
  • Coca is known worldwide for its psychoactive alkaloid, cocaine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cocaine alkaloid content of dry Erythroxylum coca var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extraction of cocaine from coca requires several solvents and a chemical process known as an acid-base extraction, which can fairly easily extract the alkaloids from the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coca provides the key ingredient in cocaine and its eradication is a fundamental part of the US-backed war on drugs. (mongabay.com)
  • Typically farmers convert the plant into coca paste and sell it to groups - including paramilitaries and Colombian rebels - who refine it into cocaine and export it to markets like the United States, which is the world's largest consumer of the narcotic. (mongabay.com)
  • The farm-gate value of coca leaf and derivatives (coca paste, cocaine base) in 2011 was estimated at US$420 million, worth around 0.2 per cent of GDP. (unodc.org)
  • This indicates that small-scale coca crop growers benefit very little from the lucrative cocaine business. (unodc.org)
  • This was a period of time when many patent medicines contained coca leaves or cocaine (an alkaloid extracted from the leaves), the most popular was 'Vin Mariani' , invented by an Italian physician working in France, Angelo Mariani. (foodreference.com)
  • Travelers should be aware that using coca leaf will cause a positive drug test result for cocaine metabolites. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1860, cocaine, the oldest anesthetic, was extracted from the leaves of the Erythroxylon coca bush. (medscape.com)
  • Plant, the Production of, Internation- cocaine and the derivatives of these sub- al and Wholesale Trade in, and Use of the substances of concern while en- stances. (who.int)
  • COCA prepares clinicians to respond to emerging health threats and public health emergencies by communicating relevant, timely information related to disease outbreaks, disasters, terrorism events, and other health alerts. (cdc.gov)
  • COCA partners with national medical and public health organizations to ensure that clinicians have timely, credible, and accurate information needed to provide care. (cdc.gov)
  • During this COCA Call, clinicians will learn about the treatment, management, and prevention of tickborne diseases in the U.S., with an emphasis on Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and newly emerging tickborne diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • COCA Now emails will be sent as soon as possible after CDC publishes new content, ensuring clinicians are kept up to date. (cdc.gov)
  • Commander Ibad Khan (United States Public Health Service), who leads the COCA and HAN teams at CDC, answers questions about their mission, approach to communicating with clinicians in times of uncertainty, and lessons learned from more than 15 years of emergency response work. (medscape.com)
  • The average net income from coca of a farmer selling coca leaf is close to $2 per day, close to the threshold of extreme poverty set by the international community. (unodc.org)
  • Earlier this year, a report from the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy showed that a massive aerial spraying offensive last year failed to reduce the area of coca under cultivation in Colombia. (mongabay.com)
  • The area under coca crop cultivation in Colombia rose 3 per cent in 2011 to 64,000 hectares (ha), up by 2,000 ha compared with 2010. (unodc.org)
  • The 2011 survey shows that while the area used for coca leaf cultivation decreased in 14 of the 24 departments of Colombia, that trend did not offset increases in 6 other departments. (unodc.org)
  • Almost two-thirds (62 per cent) of coca cultivation was concentrated in only 4 departments - Nariño, Putumayo and Cauca bordering Ecuador to the west and Guaviare to the south - but all witnessed an increase in cultivation. (unodc.org)
  • The number of households involved in coca cultivation fell 2 per cent from 63,660 in 2010 to 62,400 in 2011. (unodc.org)
  • UNODC has supported the Government of Colombia in monitoring coca cultivation since 1999. (unodc.org)
  • Chemistry and toxicology of coca pastes and coca paste cigarettes smoking / Qu'imica y toxicolog'ia de las pastas de coca y del fumado de cigarrillos de pasta de coca / Teobaldo Llosa R. (who.int)
  • Members of the media, clinical partner organizations , and COCA subscribers also receive these alerts. (medscape.com)
  • Recent studies show that the coca leaf yield per hectare has decreased, probably because farmers are cutting back on fertilizers and agro-chemicals. (unodc.org)
  • The annual survey supported by UNODC is mainly based on data derived from satellite imagery and field surveys to measure the production of coca leaf. (unodc.org)
  • Many natural products, including coca leaf, garlic, Ginkgo biloba , and vitamin E, have been promoted for preventing or treating altitude illness. (cdc.gov)
  • Coca leaf, chewed or made into tea, has been used for altitude illness, but no strong evidence has shown that it works or that it has adverse effects. (cdc.gov)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Coca. (who.int)
  • How does the COCA and HAN team share the latest CDC guidance with healthcare professionals? (medscape.com)
  • coca (Bolivian or Huánuco Coca) - well adapted to the eastern Andes of Peru and Bolivia, an area of humid, tropical, montane forest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bolivia and coca : a study in dependency / James Painter. (who.int)
  • ipadu (Amazonian Coca) - cultivated in the lowland Amazon Basin in Peru and Colombia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colombia is a leading producer of coca and much of the country's coca is grown by poor farmers because it generates more income than any other crop. (mongabay.com)
  • In March 2005, the Associated Press reported that large-scale coca production was moving into the extensive rainforests of the Chocó state, a biodiversity hotspot in northwest Colombia. (mongabay.com)
  • Different early-Holocene peoples in different areas of South America independently transformed Erythroxylum gracilipes plants into quotidian stimulant and medicinal crops now collectively called Coca. (wikipedia.org)
  • Young Brazilians make up Coca-Cola's largest consumer base and have the greatest influence on the brand image. (warc.com)
  • Archaeobotanical evidence show that Coca crops have been grown for well over 8,000 years in South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • COCA provides subscribers information on current health issues and emerging threats. (cdc.gov)
  • Get emails about upcoming COCA Calls, training resources, and other public health updates. (cdc.gov)
  • Coca-Cola's partnership with Special Olympics has progressed over the years, built on a foundational belief in social inclusion and acceptance. (specialolympics.org)
  • Peyr, and dense sampling of these species along with the coca crops from throughout their geographic ranges supports independent origins of domestication of Erythroxylum novogranatense and Erythroxylum coca from ancestor Erythroxylum gracilipes. (wikipedia.org)
  • River to investigate the origins of the coca plant and its cultural importance to the tribes of the region. (newscientist.com)
  • Find information on upcoming training and conference opportunities from federal agencies or COCA Partners. (cdc.gov)
  • Drug eradification efforts in the country have lately resulted in the shifting of large-scale coca production into the extensive rainforests of Choco state. (mongabay.com)
  • The ecological impacts of coca production are significant as well. (mongabay.com)
  • The head honcho of the soda industry is renowned for its ability to change with the times and Coca-Cola's branding strategy is as cutting-edge as the infamous soft drink itself. (trendhunter.com)
  • Each acre of requires clearing of roughly four acres of forest while the dumping of chemicals used to process coca leaves (including kerosene, sulfuric acid, acetone, and carbide) pollutes local waterways. (mongabay.com)
  • It was originally formulated with extracts of coca leaves and kola nuts. (foodreference.com)
  • The coca plant resembles a blackthorn bush, and grows to a height of 2 to 3 m (7 to 10 ft). (wikipedia.org)
  • Poor farmers are clearing forest to plant coca seedlings while hunting local wildlife for food. (mongabay.com)
  • France's food and drink association ANIA said however it understood Coca-Cola's decision. (industryweek.com)