A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Residue generated from combustion of coal or petroleum.
All deaths reported in a given population.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal MINERS, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Areas set apart as burial grounds.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.

Clinically important FEV1 declines among coal miners: an exploration of previously unrecognised determinants. (1/255)

OBJECTIVES: The relation between occupational exposure to dust and loss of ventilatory lung function is now well established. However, many exposures during work and other activities might also have important roles in determining clinically important losses of lung function. In this study, we attempted to explore additional plausible determinants of exposures and other potential risk factors for clinically important decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) during work in dusty trades. METHODS: The study was performed in 264 underground coal miners whose lung function had been followed up for an average of 11 years. With an extensive follow up questionnaire, miners were asked about their occupational and non-occupational exposures, smoking, personal and family medical history, and living conditions during childhood. RESULTS: Several variables of the mine environment (as well as previously recognised effects of mining work and region) were found to be associated with excess decline in FEV1, including work in roof bolting, exposure to explosive blasting, and to control dust spraying water that had been stored in holding tanks. Use of respiratory protection seemed to reduce the risk of decline in FEV1. Other factors that were found to be associated with declines in pulmonary function included smoking, body mass, weight gain, childhood pneumonia, and childhood exposure in the home to passive tobacco smoke and possibly smoke due to wood and coal fuels. Miners with excessive decline in FEV1 were less likely to be working in mining jobs at follow up. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest the existence of additional risk factors for decline in lung function in dusty trades, and may be useful in developing additional approaches to the prevention of chronic respiratory disease.  (+info)

Living near opencast coal mining sites and children's respiratory health. (2/255)

OBJECTIVES: To answer the question whether living near opencast coal mining sites affects acute and chronic respiratory health. METHODS: All 4860 children aged 1-11 from five socioeconomically matched pairs of communities close to active opencast sites and control sites away from them were selected. Exposure was assessed by concentrations of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 10 microns (PM10), residential proximity to active opencast sites, and particle composition. PM10 was monitored and sampled for 6 weeks in four pairs, and for 24 weeks in one pair. A postal questionnaire collected data on health and lifestyle. Daily health information was collected by a symptom diary (concurrently with PM10 monitoring) and general practitioner (GP) records were abstracted (concurrently with PM10 monitoring and 52 weeks before the study). Outcomes were the cumulative and period prevalence (2 and 12 months) of wheeze, asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory symptoms, and the prevalence and incidence of daily symptoms and GP consultations. RESULTS: Patterns of the daily variation of PM10 were similar in opencast and control communities, but PM10 was higher in opencast areas (mean ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.13 to 1.16, geometric mean 17.0 micrograms/m3 v 14.9 micrograms/m3). Opencast sites were a measurable contributor to PM10 in adjacent areas. Little evidence was found for associations between living near an opencast site and an increased prevalence of respiratory illnesses, asthma severity, or daily diary symptoms, but children in opencast communities 1-4 had significantly more respiratory consultations (1.5 v 1.1 per person-year) than children in control communities for the 6 week study periods. Associations between daily PM10 concentrations and acute health events were similar in opencast and control communities. CONCLUSIONS: Children in opencast communities were exposed to a small but significant amount of additional PM10 to which the opencast sites were a measurable contributor. Past and present respiratory health of children was similar, but GP consultations for respiratory conditions were higher in opencast communities during the core study period.  (+info)

Characterization of dust exposure for the study of chronic occupational lung disease: a comparison of different exposure assessment strategies. (3/255)

Various exposure assessment strategies were compared in the study of the relation between dust exposure and 11-year lung function change in 1,172 miners with 36,824 concurrently measured personal dust samples available from the 1969-1981 US National Study of Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis. A miner's average exposure was assessed by calculating average exposures based on dust samples taken from each individual and by using different job exposure matrices (JEMs) with different underlying exposure categorizations, based on occupational categories, job title, mine, and time, to obtain average exposure estimates. For each grouping procedure, intragroup and intergroup variances and the pooled standard error of the mean were calculated to assess relative efficiency. The results show that considerable variation in slopes of exposure-response relations was found using different exposure assessment strategies. Standard errors of the slopes of the exposure-response relations with exposure on an individual basis compared with JEMs. Exposure assessment on an individual basis was extremely sensitive to the number of exposure measurements per individual. The study demonstrates the advantages and disadvantages of different exposure assessment strategies and shows the need for explicit publication of exposure assessment strategies for epidemiologic studies. Careful assessment of the influence of misclassification error in the exposure assessment on exposure-response modeling is warranted.  (+info)

Rheumatoid arthritis in workers exposed to silica in the pottery industry. (4/255)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between rheumatoid arthritis and occupational exposure to silica in pottery and related industries. METHODS: Medical records of 8325 men and women born 1916-45 and employed in pottery, refractory material (aluminosilicate or silica), and sandstone industries were examined to identify cases of rheumatoid arthritis. Medical and employment histories were extracted for cases and matched referents. Indices of duration, cumulative exposure, and mean silica concentration were compiled. Conditional logistic regression was used to investigate the relation between rheumatoid arthritis and indices of exposure, having allowed for potential confounders of smoking, employment in the coal mining industry, and number of pregnancies. RESULTS: 58 Cases of rheumatoid arthritis (43 men, 15 women) were identified. Cases had significantly shorter duration of exposure than referents. There was no significant difference between cases and referents in mean silica concentration. Men who had worked in the coal mining industry were particularly at risk (odds ratio 5.36, 95% confidence interval 1.92 to 15.03). CONCLUSION: There was no evidence of increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis after occupational exposure to silica at mean exposures within the current United Kingdom exposure limits.  (+info)

Silicosis screening in surface coal miners--Pennsylvania, 1996-1997. (5/255)

Silicosis is an occupational respiratory disease caused by inhaling respirable crystalline silica dust. Silicosis is irreversible, often progressive (even after exposure has ceased), and potentially fatal. Exposure to silica dust occurs in many occupations, including mining (1). During 1996-1997, surface coal miners at eight sites in Pennsylvania were screened to estimate the prevalence of silicosis, to identify risk factors for silicosis, and to refer miners with a possible diagnosis of silicosis or other conditions for medical evaluation and treatment. This report summarizes the results of the screening, which indicated that an increased prevalence of and risk for silicosis is associated with miners' age and years of drilling experience, and provides recommendations for preventing silicosis among miners.  (+info)

Recent progress in the study of occupational lung diseases in Romania. (6/255)

This paper reviews studies of occupational lung diseases in Romania in the last two decades. Work concerned with the effects of exposure to textile fibres, irritant gases and fumes in the chemical industry, welding fumes, asbestos, cadmium oxide, and the relation between dust exposure, pneumoconiosis, and chronic bronchitis is briefly presented.  (+info)

The composition of massive lesions in coal miners. (7/255)

The nature of the material forming the massive lesions in the lungs of coal workers has never been demonstrated. The concept that it was in fact massive fibrosis, implying that it consisted of collagen impregnated with coal dust, has been challenged only during the last ten years. It was agreed that the best chance of obtaining more definite information was from a combined study of the biochemical, pathological, ultrastructural, and immunological features of a number of lungs containing these lesions. Six cases which were found to contain suitable material were studied. The preliminary results obtained suggest that collagen is present in the capsule of these lesions but that at the centre it is replaced by another insoluble protein or proteins which is probably stabilized by some form of cross-linking. This protein complex accounts for one-third of the weight of the lesions, the remaining two-thirds consisting of approximately equal amounts of mineral dusts and calcium phosphate. Serum proteins were also observed but their association with the lesions has yet to be determined.  (+info)

Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis sp. nov., isolated from soil at a coal gasification site. (8/255)

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization indicated that a group of 29 closely related phenanthrene-degrading bacteria from a coal gasification site in Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark, belonged to the genus Pseudomonas. The strains were isolated at two sampling occasions 2 years apart. The isolates were phenotypically different from any known species of the genus Pseudomonas and were therefore subject to further identification. Colonies were smooth and pale yellowish and did not produce pigments fluorescent in UV light when grown on King's B agar. Cells were rod-shaped, approximately 0.5-0.8 x 1.5-3.0 microm, and grew at 4 and 30 degrees C, but not 37 degrees C. The bacteria were oxidase- and catalase-positive, accumulated poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate and denitrified, but did not utilize D-xylose. The mean G+C content was 59.6 mol%. Phenotypic data and 16S rDNA sequence data information for Pseudomonas amygdali and Pseudomonas corrugata, and 16S rDNA sequence data for Pseudomonas chlororaphis and Pseudomonas syringae showed close relationships to these strains. However, DNA-DNA hybridization data showed that the isolates belong to a new species, for which the name Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JAJ28T (DSM 13022T).  (+info)

Underground coal mines may be an environment with exposures to airborne fungi and bacteria. The environments are often water-laden due to dust-suppression systems, ground water seepage and/or high relative humidities. We investigated the airborne microbial ecology at the longwall face of an underground coal mine. Samples for bacteria and fungi in air were collected in duplicate on 0.2 micrometer p
Study is 1 of first to see outsized health effects on nearby residents. Birth defects are significantly more common in areas of mountaintop coal mining and are on the rise as the practice becomes more common, according to a study by researchers at Washington State University and West Virginia University.. The researchers, led by Melissa Ahern, health economist and associate professor in WSUs College of Pharmacy, found 235 birth defects per 10,000 births where mountaintop mining is most common in four central Appalachian states. Thats nearly twice the rate of 144 defects per 10,000 in non-mining areas.. Previous studies have found low birth weights and increased levels of adult disease and death in coal mining areas. This study offers one of the first indications that health problems are disproportionately concentrated specifically in mountaintop mining areas.. The findings contribute to the growing evidence that mountaintop mining is done at substantial expense to the environment, to local ...
The late West Virginia activist on fighting to save her home from mountaintop removal coal mining.. Yet, while EPA administrator Lisa Jackson has openly admitted the unacceptable health consequences of mountaintop removal, the Obama administration has chosen to follow an admittedly failed compliance policy and 40-year record of criminally neglectful regulatory practices that have left central Appalachian communities in desperate ruin. Numerous scientific studies have confirmed that mining permits are being issued despite the preponderance of scientific evidence that impacts are pervasive and irreversible and that mitigation cannot compensate for the losses.. While providing less than 5-8 percent of our national coal production, the millions of pounds of daily explosives detonated for mountaintop removal operations in West Virginia, Kentucky, southwest Virginia and eastern Tennessee have resulted in nothing less than the unrecognized reality of regulated child abuse and manslaughter. A recent ...
There are various different types of machinery used in the coal mining industry which produce excessive noise. The type of machinery used can often depend on the type of mine which is in operation - compare an open cast mine with a deep pit mine and compare working on the surface with working underground.. Some of the typical machinery used underground in coal mining which is known to produce damage to hearing to miners, include:. 1. Face shearers. This machinery is known to produce noise levels sometimes as high as 120 DB and is used to cut along the face of the coal seam - allowing the coal to collapse into a space beneath whilst miners remain at a safe distance in areas supported by beams.. This technique of coal mining is sometimes known as long wall mining as the face shearer runs along the length of the coal face in an underground mine.. 2. Heading cutters. Heading cutters are a type of boring machinery used to bore out tracks in mines for trains to operate along and for other facilities ...
A strategic inquiry into underground coal mining in New South Wales, Australia, identified the need for non-market valuation studies and recommended increased use of benefit cost analysis in assessing individual mining proposals. This paper reports on the results of a choice experiment undertaken for a mine in the Southern Coalfield of New South Wales. Results from the study are used to aid the government decision by evaluating alternative proposals to continue underground coal mining operations. Results show that community wellbeing declines with increases in the kilometres of streams, the hectares of swamp, and the number of Aboriginal sites affected by mine subsidence. Community wellbeing increases with the length of time that the mine provides 320 jobs. Implicit price estimates from the choice experiment were incorporated into a benefit cost analysis of continued mining at the mine to assess the economic efficiency of a range of environmental restrictions on the proposed mining operations. Even
The whole permitting process has become much more complicated, more uncertain, and it is clearly going to take longer, said Carol Raulston, a spokeswoman for the National Mining Association. Hours before the announcement, Obama administration officials called regulators in the affected states to deliver a much different message. The purposes stated today was to actually make (the permit process) more effective, make it more efficient, make it more transparent. And say yes more quickly and no more quickly, said Len Peters, Kentuckys energy and environmental secretary. President Barack Obama, as a candidate, expressed concern about the mountaintop mining although he stopped short of calling for an outright ban. His administration has cast a more critical eye on the process than did the Bush administration, which was accused of granting permits with little scrutiny. In March, the EPA announced it would more take a closer look at about 150 mountaintop mining permits pending before the Army Corps ...
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Coal Mining Market 2020 Inclusive Insight Global Coal Mining Market 2020 provides an indepth analysis of the current and upcoming market and helps the user to understand the Coronavirus COVID19 Impact analysis on market in terms of its Definition Segmentation Market Potential Influential Trends and the Challenges that the Coal Mining market is facing
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in mine workers, especially underground coal miners, continues to be a problem in the mining industry. The recently enacted MSHA noise standard, Part 62 - Occupational Noise Exposure (Federal Register, 1999), is aimed at reducing NIHL in the mining industry. The U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is conducting a cross-sectional survey of noise sources and worker noise exposures to address NIHL in various aspects of coal mining including surface mining, coal preparation plants and underground mining. In underground bituminous coal mining, noise surveys, consisting of full-shift worker noise exposure, time-motion studies and equipment noise profiling, have been completed on longwall and continuous miner sections in six underground coal mines. The studies revealed widely varying shift-to-shift worker exposures, with workers in certain occupations routinely exposed to potentially hazardous levels of noise. A summary of these studies ...
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is offering a series of free, confidential health screenings to coal miners throughout the United States.. The screenings are intended to provide early detection of coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP), also known as black lung, a serious but preventable occupational lung disease in coal miners caused by breathing respirable coal mine dust.. The health screenings will be provided through the state-of-the-art NIOSH mobile testing unit at convenient community and mine locations.. NIOSH will provide the health screening for these coal miners under its Enhanced Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program. This public health outreach is in response to a well-documented increase in serious disease, and in response to new regulations requiring that health screenings be offered to surface miners.. This years first focus started the week of April 11 and ends on May 20, 2016, in coal mining regions throughout Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, ...
On August 6, 2012, MSHAs final rule on Examinations of Work Areas in Underground Coal Mines for Violations of Mandatory Health or Safety Standards takes effect. Implementation of the final rule marks the end of an 18-year crusade by MSHA to revise pre-shift, on-shift, weekly, and supplemental examination of nine regulations to include a requirement that operators examine, identify, and correct violations of mandatory health and safety standards. Historically, federal regulations have required underground coal mine operators to employ certified mine examiners to conduct examinations for hazardous conditions, and to test for methane and oxygen deficiency and determine if air is moving in the proper direction and at normal volumes ...
Rates of severe coal workers pneumoconiosis - also known as black lung disease - among coal miners have been on the rise recently despite regulations on exposure to dusts associated with mining. Researchers believe the higher rates of more severe lung disease may be due to greater exposure to silica, likely as a byproduct of going after ever-narrowing coal seams that require cutting through more rock to reach. Silica dust is much more toxic to the lungs, but little is known about its contribution to black lung disease at the molecular level, and researchers dont know how silica and coal or other dusts together might interact to influence the development of disease.. A new $750,000 grant from the Alpha Foundation for the Improvement of Mining Safety and Health will support researchers in the University of Illinois at Chicago Mining Education and Research Center working to find out how various mining dusts contribute to lung disease. The center, which is housed in the UIC School of Public ...
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GRAND JUNCTION - New coal mining rules that go into effect in August are designed to decrease the hundreds of deaths that still occur from black lung disease. But the costly new rules are not popular with all miners and mine operators.. Officials from the Mine Safety and Health Administration spent more than five hours Thursday explaining the new regulations to dozens of coal mine operators and miners. The gathering in Grand Junction was the last of a series of seven meetings held around the country in states with coal mines.. We still see miners getting black lung, said Kevin Stricklan, administrator of Coal Mine Safety and Health for MSHA. Two hundred and eighty people die every year from respirable illness. Since 1968, over 76,000 miners have died.. To drop the numbers of what is medically called pneumoconiosis and to cut the $45 billion paid out in federal compensation, MSHA is instituting the first changes to coal mine dust rules since 1969.. Curt Floyd, a miner for 18 years with Signal ...
Respirable particles of high-percentage silica content from anthracite and bituminous coal mine dust samples were analyzed for aluminosilicate clay surface coating, by measuring silicon and aluminum X-ray spectra using scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDS). Silicon and aluminum elemental ratios were determined with incident electron energies of 20 and 5 keV to reveal whether surface occlusion was present. Some 20 respirable-sized, non-agglomerated particles with silicon fraction of signal of 75% or more (for elements above sodium) were analyzed for each of 12 coal mine dust samples. Mine dust samples were from U.S. anthracite and bituminous coal mining regions involved in epidemiological studies of the U.S. National Study of Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis. Some particles of high-percentage silica content exhibited a decrease in the ratio of silicon-to-aluminum K-alpha line intensities with decreasing electron beam accelerating voltage, consistent with aluminosilicate clay
Mountaintop mining involves blasting off the top of a mountain so excess rock can be pushed to a neighboring valley. This allows miners to more easily reach coal. The eco-obnoxious practice, which has doubled in the last 8 years, has buried more than 1,000 miles of Appalachian streams over the last 20 years. Now, residents in states like West Virginia, Virginia and Kentucky are finding huge numbers of dead and deformed fish, a result of toxic selenium that leaches into rivers and streams. High selenium levels threaten fish survival and reproduction, and contaminated fish have offspring with serious birth defects-from crooked spines to deformed heads. Ultimately, the fish population could be wiped out. Selenium pollution affects fish first, so they serve as a barometer for future damage to ecosystems and human health. ...
Particle sizing by laser diffraction provides a prospective method for real-time detection of weight and size information of coal mine dust. Quickness, accuracy and ability to measure total and respirable dust weighs are some of the basic requirements for inversion method of the coal mine dust transducer. This paper presents a quick inversion scheme that can be referred to as pattern recognition of laser diffraction field. Single-chip computer system simulation results show that this method not only furnishes excellent estimates of both total and respirable dust weights in a very short time but also features high anti- noise ability and stability ...
Critics contend that MTR is a destructive and unsustainable practice that benefits a small number of corporations at the expense of local communities and the environment. Though the main issue has been over the physical alteration of the landscape, opponents to the practice have also criticized MTR for the damage done to the environment by massive transport trucks, and the environmental damage done by the burning of coal for power. Blasting at MTR sites also expels dust and fly-rock into the air, which can disturb or settle onto private property nearby. This dust may contain sulfur compounds, which corrodes structures and is a health hazard.[33] A January 2010 report in the journal Science reviews current peer-reviewed studies and water quality data and explores the consequences of mountaintop mining. It concludes that mountaintop mining has serious environmental impacts that mitigation practices cannot successfully address.[34] For example, the extensive tracts of deciduous forests destroyed by ...
Rates of severe coal workers pneumoconiosis - also known as black lung disease - among coal miners have been on the rise recently despite regulations on exposure to dusts associated with mining
JEFF BIGGERS: You know, I think across the nation, the coal fields really are having a watershed event for the progressive community, Amy. Appalachia Rising made a very compelling point that mountaintop removal only provides eight percent of our national coal production, and so theyre really taking the struggle now to Washington and asking President Obama, to say, If you cant even stand up to Big Coal and follow your rule of science, - you know, the EPA has told us that in fact mountaintop removal creates irreversible damage to our headwater streams - that if you cant even stand up to Big Coal and stop one of the most egregious human rights and environmental violations, how can we even begin to discuss comprehensive energy and environmental and healthcare legislation? So I think Appalachia Rising, like so many coal field communities from Alaska to Alabama to southern Illinois, are really leading the way for the progressive community now to really hold the Obama administration accountable ...
Information on black lung disease (or coal workers pneumoconiosis); how to get a diagnosis for the disease and file a claim under state workers comp systems and the federal black lung program; and benefits available to current and former coal miners with black lung, as well as their surviving spouses and children.
A year after recording a record low of eight coal mining deaths in 2016, the number of mining deaths nearly doubled to 15 deaths in 2017. Eight of those deaths were in neighboring West Virginia with two mining deaths in Kentucky. No other state had more than one coal-mining death during the year, with Alabama, Colorado, Montana, Pennsylvania and Wyoming each recording one mining death.
One of the most noticeable effects of coal mining on water is acid mine drainage, or the outflow of acidic water from coal mines into nearby rivers and streams Acid mine drainage disrupts the growth and reproduction of aquatic plants and animals and can result in the loss of aquatic life ...
Coal mine spoils (CMSs), the solid wastes originated from the rock formations and soil cover overlying or interbedded with coal seams, are a worldwide environmental management challenge. Previous studies have shown that salinity is of most concern among the CMSs environmental impacts, especially in Australia. With increasing concerns from both the governments and communities, there is a real need for the coal mining industry to understand the source, dynamics and management options of CMS salinity. We reviewed the general properties of CMSs from coal mine sites worldwide and the current understanding of the CMS salinity, which are in a limited number of available published reports. Properties (e.g., pH, electrical conductivity and hydraulic conductivity) of studied CMSs varied largely due to its complex lithological origination. A conceptual model was proposed to illustrate the origin, dispersion paths and transformations dynamics of salts in spoils, taking the scenario of a coal mine in ...
OpGreenRights: Hackers post emails claiming Mexican government tinkered with climate change bill to protect the coal mining industry from tax.
RIN: 1219-AB64). (i) Cost-benefit analysis. MSHA estimates that the first-year cost of the final rule will be $61 million and the annualized cost of the final rule at a 7 percent discount rate will be $28.1 million. MSHA estimates that the net benefits of the final rule are positive, with annualized net benefits of $12.1 million at a discount rate of 3 percent, and negative with annualized net benefits of -$8.1 million at a discount rate of 7 percent. Under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act, MSHA is not required to use estimates of net benefits as the basis for its regulatory decisions. The net benefits at both the 3 and 7 percent discount rates do not include the benefits associated with sampling over a full-shift using the CPDM as well as several other provisions of the final rule. These provisions, although not quantified, will significantly reduce coal mine dust exposures and the incidences of other lung disease and significantly increase benefits.. (ii) Agency actions relevant to the ...
Introduction occupational accidents significantly affect workers health and it costs a lot of money to employers. One of the most important ways to prevent occupational accidents is to strengthen safety behaviors among workers. Behavioral intention is one of the main behavioral determinants. The present study aims to investigate safety behaviors in Tabas coal miners based on patterns of healthy behavior model.Methods This descriptive study was conducted on 200 Tabas coal miners who were selected by random sampling in 2015. A healthy behavior pattern questionnaire was used to collect data in which healthy behavior patterns were investigated in coal miners to adopt safe behaviors and to predict behavioral intention. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal Wallis and linear regression test in SPSS16 software.Findings: The mean age and work experience of workers were 30.22 ± 4.68 and 5.20 ± 3.96, respectively. The mean of Self Efficacy score was 27.38 ± 4.37 and the mean
(Reuters Health) - Since the 1990s, annual numbers of U.S. coal miners with new, confirmed cases of an advanced form of so-called black lung disease known as progressive massive fibrosis have been steadily rising, according to a new study.
Coal worker, Ashiky, 22, in Jharia coal mine in Jharkhand. Coal workers are some of the most severely affected from the ill effects of coal.
Faced with persistent and emerging health risks in 2016, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) continued its mission to develop and transfer into practice new knowledge about occupational safety and health. Challenges NIOSH faced in 2016 included coal workers pneumoconiosis, or black lung disease. Black lung disease cases reached historic lows in the 1990s after the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act became law in 1969 and was amended in 1977. Recent years, however, have seen rising numbers of current and former coal miners diagnosed with the disease. Other diseases became emerging risks for workers in 2016, including Zika virus and the debilitating lung disease obliterative bronchiolitis, which may be a risk for people who work in the coffee processing industry. Throughout the year, NIOSH translated these and other research priorities into informative communication and research products, promoting occupational safety and health for all workers ...
South Wales is seeing a resurgence in deep coal mining. A mine in Cwmgwrach is taking on 60 workers, and a nearby mine at Aberpergwm will soon be ready to take on 200 more. These mines, and others like them, are restarting production following an almost
The Ukrainian Prosecutor-Generals Office has launched an investigation into the activities of the countrys Coal Mining Rescue Service.
Researchmoz presents this most up-to-date research onBrazil Coal Mining Market Overview and Forecast to 2020: Trends, Major Projects, and Competitive ...
Coal mining - Search and browse products and chemical formulations for your market. Filter products by market, construction, function, manufacturer or segment.
Many programs embrace the concept of experiential learning, but few are perhaps as unusual as a visit to an underground coal mine. That's what UK College of Health Sciences alumnus Tim Yost provides UK physical therapy students in Hazard, Kentucky.
Principal Investigator:NISHIHARA Jun, Project Period (FY):1998 - 2000, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Human geography
A 51-year-old electrician who has worked in underground coal mines is the latest to be diagnosed with coal miners pneumoconiosis.
In Britain data come mainly from the Pneumoconiosis Field Research (PFR) programme conducted by the Institute of Occupational Medicine.6-12 This was based on 24 collieries. At an initial survey during 1953-58 more than 30 000 miners were examined and repeat surveys were subsequently carried out at approximately five yearly intervals. After the third survey conducted during 1963-68 examinations were discontinued at 14 of the 24 collieries, but all 24 were again included in a follow up survey carried out during 1974-80. This focused on a sample of 17 738 miners examined in the first survey (all those with pneumoconiosis and half of the remainder), and aimed to re-examine all survivors, whether or not they were still employed in the coal industry. Information collected at the surveys included details of smoking habits, occupational history and symptoms (elicited by questionnaires), chest radiographs and measurements of lung function (lung function was only assessed in the second and later surveys). ...
According to U.S. Rep. Mike Kellys website, he strongly believes in protecting the lives of the unborn. That is an interesting and unexpected position for a man who supports the practice of mountaintop removal coal mining (MTR). Allow me to explain: MTR is practiced in West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee. It is very different from traditional, underground coal mining. Rather than burrowing underground to reach coal seams, companies practicing MTR use a daily average of 5.5 million pounds of ammonium nitrate diesel fuel explosives to blow up mountains to expose the coal. That is a terribly destructive process because it destroys the entire mountain, destroys the valleys and streams surrounding the mountain (which are used as dumping grounds for leftover dirt, rocks and mining waste), and it sends toxic dust into the air that settles on homes, schools and businesses. This dust includes silica, sulfur, carbon, aluminum, iron and other trace elements. As a result, residents of MTR ...
Lock the Gate Alliance has released a report which calculates that NSW taxpayers are losing out on $14M each year because the coal mining industry is allowed to pollute for free.. The report - titled Freeloaders: Air and Water Pollution from Coal Mines in NSW - is the first ever to compare the total pollution discharged by coal miners for free with the costs borne by other industries who are forced to pay under the NSW load-based licensing scheme.. ...
Explain in detail:Aug 03, 2017· Safety and mining have not always had a cohesive partnership. It took an act of Congress in 1891, to establish minimum ventilation requirements for underground coal mines and to protect children under the age of 12 from being employed by mine operators. Fast forward to 2017-2018 and most would look back at the safety conditions of the 1800s and shudder.. ...
The most absurd oxymoron of 2008 was Clean Coal. Coal is dirty - its mining, washing, burning and storage as ash. Some call it the original sin of industrial society. Coal mining, as surface mining on native lands, and now as mountaintop removal in Appalachia in Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee and West Virginia, has destroyed more than 470 mountains, more than 1,200 miles of
WASHINGTON, D.C. -U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), along with U.S. Sens. Joe Manchin (D-WV), Tim Kaine (D-VA), Mark Warner (D-VA) and Bob Casey (D-PA), recently urged Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta to protect mine safety and miners health by protecting a recent rule aimed at limiting miners exposure to respirable coal mine dust. The Senators letter comes after the rule was listed among a number of rules to be re-examined for elimination. The rule was aimed at reducing work-related illnesses that miners face like black lung disease. Brown applauded the Department of Labors effort to limit coal dust exposure when it was announced in 2014.. Given this increase in black lung disease and the devastating impact that this disease has on coal miners and their families, we believe that it is critical that we maintain this rule, wrote the Senators in the letter. Claims that the Respirable Dust Rule is unnecessary, imposes a costly burden, or provides little to no benefit to society ignore the ...
An association between Mycobacterium malmoense and underlying lung disease has been described. The purpose of this study was to further explore this relationship and in particular to identify any relationship between Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis (CWP) and M. malmoense infection. Patient charts were …
In Colombia, coal miner pneumoconiosis is considered a public health problem due to its irreversibility, high cost on diagnosis, and lack of data related to its prevalence in the country. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in underground coal mining workers in two regions of Colombia. The results showed a 35.9% prevalence of pneumoconiosis in the study group (42.3% in region 1 and 29.9% in region 2). An association was found between a radiologic diagnosis of pneumoconiosis and a medium risk level of exposure to carbon dust (OR: 2.901, 95% CI: 0.937, 8.982), medium size companies (OR: 2.301, 95% CI: 1.260–4.201), length of mining work greater than 25 years (OR: 3.222, 95% CI: 1.806–5.748), and a history of smoking for more than one year (OR: 1.479, 95% CI: 0.938–2.334). These results establish the need to generate an intervention strategy aimed at preventing the identified
Progressive Massive Fibrosis (PMF), characterized by the development of large conglomerate masses of dense fibrosis (usually in the upper lung zones), can complicate silicosis and coal workers pneumoconiosis. Conglomerate masses may also occur in other pneumoconioses, such as talcosis, berylliosis (CBD), kaolin pneumoconiosis, and pneumoconiosis from carbon compounds, such as carbon black, graphite, and oil shale. Conglomerate masses can also develop in sarcoidosis, but usually near the hilae and with surrounding paracitricial emphysema. The disease arises firstly through the deposition of silica or coal dust (or other dust) within the lung, and then through the bodys immunological reactions to the dust. According to the International Labour Office (ILO), PMF requires the presence of large opacity exceeding 1 cm (by x-ray). By pathology standards, the lesion in histologic section must exceed 2 cm to meet the definition of PMF. In PMF, lesions most commonly occupy the upper lung zone, and are ...
Progressive Massive Fibrosis: Progressive massive fibrosis is a lung disease that is predominantly reported in people who work in mines.
Purpose To assess the level of concordance between chest radiographic classifications of A and B Readers in a national surveillance program offered to U.S. coal miners over an approximate 36-year period. Materials and Methods The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) is a surveillance program with nonresearch designation and is exempt from Human Subjects Review Board approval (11-DRDS-NR03). Thirty-six years of data (1979-2015) from the CWHSP were analyzed, which included all conventional screen-film radiographs with a classification by at least one A Reader and one B Reader ...
Retrospective analysis of the data of hospitalized coal worker patients suffering from pneumoconiosis in the Tangshan money home since 2005. Using these data which provide seniority of exposure to...
If you have suffered from black lung as a result of workplace negligence, contact our specialist occupational lawyers who can help you claim the compensation you deserve.
If you have suffered from black lung as a result of workplace negligence, contact our specialist occupational lawyers who can help you claim the compensation you deserve.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Coal mining is associated with lung cancer risk in Xuanwei, China. AU - Hosgood, H. Dean. AU - Chapman, Robert S.. AU - Wei, Hu. AU - He, Xingzhou. AU - Tian, Linwei. AU - Liu, Larry Z.. AU - Lai, Hong. AU - Engel, Lawrence S.. AU - Chen, Wei. AU - Rothman, Nathaniel. AU - Lan, Qing. PY - 2012/1. Y1 - 2012/1. N2 - Background: Xuanwei, China, experiences some of the highest rates of lung cancer in China. While lung cancer risk has been linked to the household use of bituminous coal, no study has comprehensively evaluated the risk of lung cancer associated with the mining of this coal in Xuanwei. In Xuanwei, coal is typically extracted from underground mines, without ventilation, and transported to the surface using carts powered by manpower or electricity. Methods: We evaluated the risk of lung cancer and working as a coal miner, in the absence of diesel exhaust exposure, in a population-based case-control study of 260 male lung cancer cases and 260 age-matched male controls with ...
Prevalence is defined as the number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time per 100,000 people. Pneumoconiosis is a chronic lung disease typified by lung scarring and other interstitial damage caused by exposure to dust and other containments, in this case specifically: coal.. ...
Pneumoconiosis is a chronic lung disease typified by lung scarring and other interstitial damage caused by exposure to dust and other containments, in this case specifically: coal.. ...
The coal industry has said that the EPA and the Obama administration are trying to shut down coal. The coal industry is perpetuating a lie that there is a war on coal and that coal mining jobs are under attack. This is the same false crisis that is created by this industry every time they dont get what they want. According to recent reports by Ken Ward of the Charleston Gazette coal mining jobs have increased by 7.4 percent since 2009 when the Obama Administration took office. Ted Boettner with the WV Center for Budget and Policy looked at mining jobs over the last two decades; annual West Virginia coal mining employment was higher in 2011 than at any time over the last 17 years, according to Workforce West Virginia. Quoting the title and text of Daniel Weisss article on climateprogress.com The War on Coal is a Lie Invented by the Coal Industry. It is a multimillion dollar misinformation campaign funded by big coal polluters to distract Americans from the deadly effects of coals ...
The Palaszczuk Government will invest $25 million over the next two years to deliver more reforms to protect the health and safety of the states coal workers.. Natural Resources and Mines Minister Dr Anthony Lynham made the commitment today as the governments response was tabled in Parliament to the Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis Select Committee report no. 2-Inquiry into the re-identification of coal workers pneumoconiosis in Queensland. The Palaszczuk Governments focus has always been to eradicate this insidious disease that does not belong in the 21stcentury, Dr Lynham said.. As I told Parliament this week, we have worked tirelessly to rapidly implement significant reforms to date.. We support all of the reports 68 recommendations, particularly:. ...
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for small-for-gestational age (SGA) for counties in central Appalachian states (Kentucky (KY), Tennessee (TN), Virginia (VA), and West Virginia (WV)) with varied coal mining activities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Live birth certificate files (1990-2002) were used for obtaining SGA prevalence rates for mothers based on the coal mining activities of their counties of residence, mountain-top mining (MTM) activities, underground mining activities but no mountain-top mining activity (non-MTM), or having no mining activities (non-mining). Co-variable information, including maternal tobacco use, was also obtained from the live birth certificate. Adjusted odds ratios were obtained using multivariable logistic regression comparing SGA prevalence rates for counties with coal mining activities to those without coal mining activities and comparing SGA prevalence rates for counties with coal mining activities for those with and without mountain-top mining activities. Comparisons were
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It wasnt supposed to happen to coal miners in Mark McCowans generation. It wasnt supposed to strike so early and so hard. At age 47 and just seven years after his first diagnosis, McCowan shouldnt have a chest X-ray that looks this bad.. Im seeing more definition in the mass, McCowan says, pausing for deep breaths as he holds the X-ray film up to the light of his living room window in Pounding Mill, Va.. The mass is larger and more defined in the right upper lobe, he continues, clinically describing the solid streak that shows up white on the X-ray of his lungs. If you know white is bad and black is good, Im in a lot of trouble.. McCowan went from a clean X-ray at age 35 to progressive massive fibrosis - an advanced stage of coal workers pneumoconiosis, or black lung - in just five years.. You go from being normal to where … one day you try to do something you used to do, and you cant do it and youre just heaving to catch your breath, McCowan says. And you say this is crazy. ...
When employing hydraulic processes to increase gas drainage efficiency in underground coal mines, coal seams become a three-phase medium, containing water intruding into the coal pores with the inherent occurrence of gas. This can change the stress state of the coal and cause instability. This work studied the mechanical properties of coal containing water and gas and derived an appropriate failure criterion. Based on mixture theory of unsaturated porous media, the effective stress of coal, considering the interaction of water and gas, was analyzed, and the failure criterion established by combining this with the Mohr-Coulomb criterion. By introducing the stress factor of matrix suction and using fitted curves of experimentally determined matrix suction and moisture content, the relationships between coal strength, gas pressure, and moisture content were determined. To verify the established strength theory, a series of triaxial compression strength tests of coal containing water and gas were carried
In an extraordinary rebuke to a doctor at one of Americas top hospitals, the U.S. Department of Labor has informed about 1,100 coal miners that their claims for black lung benefits may have been wrongly denied because of the actions of a powerful physician at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, the departments deputy secretary told senators Tuesday.. That doctor, Paul S. Wheeler, systematically found that miners did not have black lung when, in fact, many of them did. Medical opinions by the doctor should be assumed not to be credible, senators and affected miners were told.. The governments outreach and the Senate hearing were both prompted by a series of stories released last year by The Center for Public Integrity in partnership with ABC News.. Miners who get black lung, a debilitating and incurable disease caused by breathing in coal dust, are entitled by federal law to compensation, often from their former employer. But the series, which was the result of a yearlong investigation, ...
Coal was mined in America in the early 18th century, and commercial mining started around 1730 in Midlothian, Virginia.[69]. The American share of world coal production remained steady at about 20 percent from 1980 to 2005, at about 1 billion short tons per year. The United States was ranked as the second highest coal producing country in the world in 2010, and possesses the largest coal reserves in the world. In 2008 then-President George W. Bush stated that coal was the most reliable source of electricity.[70] However, in 2011 President Barack Obama said that the US should rely more on clean sources of energy that emit lower or no carbon dioxide pollution.[71] For a time, while domestic coal consumption for electric power was being displaced by natural gas, exports were increasing.[72] US net coal exports increased ninefold from 2006 to 2012, peaked at 117 million short tons in 2012, then declined to 63 million tons in 2015. In 2015, 60% of net US exports went to Europe, 27% to Asia.US coal ...
Companies Mining . Botswana coal miner Minergy looks south. An emergent Botswana coal miner has set itself a mammoth task to produce 2.4-million tons of coal a year and sell it mainly to SA
Coal Dust Mask Lawsuit | Black Lung Lawyer, AttorneyThe Schmidt Firm, PLLC is currently accepting coal dust mask induced injury cases in all 50 states. If you or somebody you know is a coal miner who has been diagnosed with black lung disease, you should contact our lawyers immediately for a free case consultation.
U.S. coal industry has seen a wave of bankruptcies and mine closures in the face of falling demand and efforts to reduce carbon emissions.
Coal mining Coal mining Coal preparation As explained above during the formation of coal and subsequent geologic activities a coal seam may acquire mineral matter veins of clay bands of rock and igneous intrusions In addition during the process of mining a portion of the roof and floor material may be taken along with the coal seam in order to create adequate working height for more ...
1. Coal dust is a problem wherever there are coal mines or wherever coal is transported through residential areas and cities. That and other particulate matter released during the different processes involving coal can cause a number of health problems, some of them fatal, if in excess.. Very small particulate matter carried by the air can enter our lungs and affect our health, sometimes leading to hospitalisation. If the people breathing in this air already have lung problems, they are going to bear the brunt of it. Other health problems include black lung disease (or coalworkers pneumoconiosis) among miners and treatment plant workers, congestive heart failure, asthma attacks, chronic bronchitis and reduce life expectancy. Young children are also very susceptible to chronic lung problems. It has been found that coal trains passing through a citys outskirts can raise particulate air pollution by as much as 120% in many cases. Also, in general, coal trains were found to cause much more ...
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine - a pit, and the .... Get More ...
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Background: Cytokine gene polymorphism could predispose to different susceptibility to occupational dust exposure.. Aim:We aimed to assess cytokine gene polymorphism contribution to occupational lung diseases development and management.. Materials and methods: Study included 240 patients (pts) with occupational lung diseases (pneumoconiosis, occupational chronic bronchitis, occupational COPD), mean age 569 years old. 60 comparable healthy volunteers with occupational hazards were enrolled. The participants of the study were genotyped on the candidate genes (TNF-α, EPHX1, CAT, IL-1, IL-6) by real time PCR technique.. Results: Allele A of TNF-α gene in G(-308)A position: incidence in pts with occupational lung diseases 44,8% (number of heterozygotes prevailed), incidence in control group 24,5% (wild GG type was more frequent)(χ=6,49; p=0,011).Heterozygotes in G (-308)A position are the risk group of the occupational lung diseases development (sensitivity of the marker 89%, specificity -53%, ...
A new study on global coal supplies suggests a worldwide peak in production from existing fields in 2011. Claims that the world has 200 to 400 years of coal left at current rates of consumption have blinded policymakers and the public. The claims are based on two questionable notions: 1) That official coal reserve estimates are accurate and 2) that the world will experience no growth in the rate of consumption of coal over the period cited. In a new study published in the international journal Energy researchers Tadeusz W. Patzek and Gregory D. Croft suggest that actual historical coal production is a better indicator of the future trend of worldwide coal output than stated reserves which are notoriously unreliable. They note, for example, that the state of Illinois, despite its rank as second in reserves in the United States, has seen its production decline by half over the last 20 years. In the meantime Illinois estimated recoverable reserves have actually increased from 32 billion tons to 34 ...
Data obtained from exposed workers lend support to these mechanisms.1,5. Pneumoconiosis is still an important health problem in Turkey. In a survey of 12 300 coal workers, approximately 12% of the miners were found to have pneumoconiosis.4 The present study is the first to evaluate the cellular profile in miners in Turkey.. The yield of cells in BAL fluid is significantly dependent on the condition of the prealveolar airway.7 Recovery of fluid may markedly be attenuated in subjects with airflow obstruction.8 Occupational dust exposure leads to airflow obstruction and focal emphysema adjacent to the coal macule. The instilled BAL fluid may be trapped in the alveolar space in such subjects with airflow obstruction and emphysema.6,9 We observed airflow obstruction in all miners, except those with simple pneumoconiosis, compared with the smoker and/or the non-smoker controls. The amount of recovered BAL fluid was significantly lower in all miners with or without pneumoconiosis than in the non-smoker ...
Coal mining kills--quickly and slowly. When men and women die underground, they leave families behind, but no one comes out unscathed. Black lung, pneumonia, cancer, emphysema. Paying that debt is what miners health and pensions are about.. Since 1946 our country promised them healthcare and pensions. The Coal Act of 1992 reaffirmed this commitment. Although some coal mining companies have gone out of business, mine workers are eligible for the existing benefits established under this act.. But in order to keep this protection in place, Congress must act to re-purpose the funds through a current bill, the Miners Protection Act, S. 175 and H.R. 179. Without it, Miners will lose healthcare and their pensions will default to the PBGC placing all multi-employer pension plans for millions of workers in all industries in jeopardy.. This is not a bailout. It is a repurpose of funds that exist. There are more than 60 Senators who support the bill and bi-partisan majority support exists in the House ...
During my trainee days with British Coal I had dealt with coal workers pneumoconiosis in the Wales and Western collieries, silicosis in the pot banks (or potteries) of Stoke-on-Trent and.... Read more about A Treatise on Silica... ...
The first part of this book deals with the methods used to define and study occupational respiratory diseases and includes an assessment of chest x-rays, pulmonary function data, and lung impairment. The second part of the book deals with specific classes of respiratory diseases, their definition, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. Specific topics in the second section are pneumoconioses (silicosis, acute silicosis, silicate pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, coal workers pneumoconiosis and exposure to other carbonaceous dusts, beryllium disease, pulmonary reactions to miscellaneous mineral dusts as well as man made mineral fibers and miscellaneous pneumoconioses), occupational asthma and rhinitis, hypersensitivity, chronic airways obstruction (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), byssinosis, effects of inhaled toxic agents (acute and chronic respiratory effects, and acute systemic effects of inhaled occupational agents), neoplasms (epidemiology of occupationally induced lung cancer, pathology of ...
This week in the NOW, we ran an ad for the Mountaintop Film Festival, which happens next weekend at the Big Picture Theater in Waitsfield....
1) No operator of a coalbed methane well may stimulate a coal seam without the written consent of each entity which, at the time that the coalbed methane operator applies for a drilling permit, is operating a coal mine, or has by virtue of his property rights in the coal the ability to operate a coal mine, located within a horizontal or vertical distance from the point of stimulation as established by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection. In seeking the coal operators consent, a coalbed methane well operator shall provide the coal operator with necessary information about such stimulation, including relevant information to ensure compliance with coal mine safety laws and rules.. (2) In the absence of a written consent pursuant to paragraph (1) and at the request of a coalbed methane operator, the Secretary of the Interior shall make a determination regarding stimulation of a coal seam. Such request shall include an affidavit which shall-. (A) state that an ...
by Tom Bethell. Twenty-nine coal miners lost their lives in last weeks massive explosion at Massey Energys Upper Big Branch mine in West Virginia.. Why?. Part of the answer to that question will have to wait until the federal Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) conducts its investigation of the disaster. Only then will we know precisely where the ignition point was and why methane was allowed to build to the point where it constituted 5 to 15 percent of the mine atmosphere - the range at which the otherwise inert gas becomes lethally explosive.. But no one familiar with the coal mining industry will have to wait to answer the larger question:. Why do coal miners die?. They die because of negligence. They die because the company they work for cares more about running coal than making mines safe. And they die because the federal agency that is charged with protecting them fails in its mission.. About the first instance of negligence there can be no question. The explosion was too ...
Bang, K.M., Althouse, R.B., Kim, J.H., Game, S.R. . Recent trends of age-specific pneumoconiosis mortality rates in the United States, 1985-1996: Coal workers pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, and silicosis ...
Germanys power generation sector accounted for 86.3% of the total coal consumption (234.6Mt) in 2014. Changing times combined with the governments energy transition policy resulted in a slight increase in the share of renewable sources over lignite for the first time in 2014. Renewable sources accounted for 25.7% in the power generation mix, while lignites share was slightly lower at 25.6%.. The shutting down of domestic mines such as Lippe, Lohberg and Walsum in North Rhine-Westphalia and Bergheim in Baden-Wurttemberg led to a 12.8% increase in the coal imports in 2014 to 57.1Mt. The key suppliers were Russia, the US and Colombia, which contributed 55.6% to the total coal imports in 2014.. The Timetric report mentions that lignite is the widely produced variety of coal used in the German power generation industry.. The key firms in the countrys coal mining industry are RWE Power AG, Vattenfall GmbH and RAG AG. The Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (FMET) and the Federal Institute ...
... coal mining; road construction, heavy equipment manufacturing, and insurance marketing. Most of that portfolio was related to ... Arch Coal, Inc.; and USEC Inc. He served as the first chairman of Arch Coal Company and retired from that position in December ... "Ashland signs agreement to merge 2 coal companies". Courier-Journal. April 5, 1997. Dorfman, Brad (December 22, 1999). "Bank ...
Coal mining. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2017. "Population and Housing Unit ...
The power plants and coal mines are located in Kastriot (Obilić),only 3 km away from the borders of the municipality of ... New mines were opened to satisfy the needs by increasing generation capacities. Kosovo Energetic Corporation (KEK) is a public ... "Coal Mining". Kosovo Energy Corporation. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. https:// ... The electricity sector of Kosovo relies on coal-fired power plants (97%) and is considered one of the sectors with the greatest ...
"Coal Mining". World Coal Institute. Retrieved 14 January 2010. "SA replaces India as China's No 3 iron-ore supplier". Mining ... "Coal deposits of South Africa - the future of coal mining in South Africa" (PDF). Institute for Geology, Technische Universität ... The geology of the country is the base for a large mining sector that extracts gold, diamonds, iron and coal from world-class ... South Africa is one of the ten largest coal producing countries in the world. South Africa is also a huge producer of iron ore ...
Coal Mining. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 3-10. OCLC 156716838. Calendar of Close Rolls, 35 Ed. 1. m6d Calendar ... This very thick smog occurs in cities and is derived from the smoke given off by the burning of soft coal for home heating and ... King Edward I of England banned the burning of sea-coal by proclamation in London in 1272, after its smoke became a problem. By ... From the mid-1600s, in U.K. cities, especially London, the incidence of ill-health was attributed to coal smoke from both ...
Coal mining. Ternivska, Zakhidno-Donbaska, Dniprovska and Samarska coal mines are located at the outskirts of Ternivka. ... Samarska coal mine in Ternivka Central part of Ternivka City Hall St John Church "Чисельність наявного населення України ( ...
Coal mining. Yellandu is birthplace of the Singareni Collieries Company Limited, a coal mining company which is also referred ...
The maximum amount mined was 77,000 tons in 1903. In the centre of the village is an old coal spoil tip or "batch" called ... With the closure of the coal mines it is now primarily a commuter village for people working in Bristol or Bath. Camerton is ... The village expanded as a result of coal mining on the Somerset coalfield in the 19th century. Camerton New Colliery, which ... "Coal Mining". Somerset Ramblers. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2006. "Camerton Batch". ...
The Coal Barton mine was the scene of a firedamp explosion which killed nine miners in 1869. The parish council has ... The village once had several coal mines as part of the now closed Somerset coalfield. Just north of Coleford there were the ... ISBN 0-85033-461-6. "Coal Mining". Somerset Ramblers. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2006 ... or alternatively the coal ford, a ford over which charcoal was carried. There are visible remains of a famous unfinished ...
Mining of slate and coal had largely ceased by the 20th century. Since the 1950s, petrochemical and liquid natural gas ... "Coal Mining". Pembrokeshire Virtual Museum. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2014. "Geology ... Over 50 coal workings in the Pembrokeshire Coalfield were in existence between the 14th and 20th centuries, with the last coal ... Historically, mining and fishing were important activities. The county has a diverse geography with a wide range of geological ...
Springhill Coal Mining. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Toronto Power Generating Station. Canadian Register of Historic ... 3 Coal Mine. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Backhouse Grist Mill. Canadian Register of Historic Places. http://www. ... Cobalt Mining District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Esterhazy Flour Mill. Canadian Register of Historic Places. La ...
... mining (mostly coal); plastic products; cars and trucks; and apparel. In addition, Alabama produces aerospace and electronic ... Heavy industry and mining were the basis of its economy. Its residents were under-represented for decades in the state ... 120,155 in construction and mining, gas, and oil extraction; 106,280 in installation, maintenance, and repair; 224,110 in ...
... mining (mostly coal); plastic products; cars and trucks; and apparel. In addition, Alabama produces aerospace and electronic ... 120,155 in construction and mining, gas, and oil extraction; 106,280 in installation, maintenance, and repair; 224,110 in ...
Coal mining was the community's main industry by 1917, but had declined by the '60s. As a result, community leaders sought to ... Coal mining flourished. In the 1890s, Paris was a bustling city of 800 people. Citizens boasted of two newspapers, a bottling- ... and coal-mining artifacts. The Paris Express was founded in 1880, one year after the community of Paris was established, and it ... Several interests have been made in the area by bauxite mining companies looking to reduce the costs of aluminum foil ...
mining-technology.com. Verdict Media Limited. Retrieved October 31, 2018. "Coal Production & Mining". October 1, 2020. Archived ... 1911). Mines Register: Successor to the Mines Handbook and the Copper Handbook, Describing the Non-ferrous Metal Mining ... Praveen Duddu (October 20, 2013). "The 10 biggest coal mines in the world" Archived October 31, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. ... Coal: Wyoming produced 277 million short tons (251.29 million metric tons) of coal in 2019 which was a 9 percent drop from the ...
Coal Mining Women. Rounder Records, #4025, CD, 1997. Selections from two previous coal LPs. Conceived and selected by Guy and ... They'll Never Keep Us Down: Women's coal mining songs. Rounder Records, #4012, 1983. Includes Hazel Dickens, Sarah Gunning, ... George Tucker, Kentucky Coal Miner. Rounder Records, #0064, 1975. Collected and recorded by Guy Carawan in Beaver, KY. China: ... Come All You Coal Miners. Rounder Records, #4005, 1974. Includes Nimrod Workman, Sarah Gunning, George Tucker, Hazel Dickens. ...
Springhill Coal Mining. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 15 April 2013. St. George's Anglican Church / Round ... Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Stellarton). Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 13 April 2013. Old ... 15, 2016 Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Sydney). Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 13 April 2013. ...
"National Coal Mining Museum". Funicular Railways of the UK. Retrieved 2013-09-06. "Legoland Hill Train". Funiculars.net. ... National Coal Mining Museum Windsor, Legoland, Legoland Hill Train (formerly Windsor Safari Park Funicular) York, National ... Clair Incline (1888-c. 1932) Troy Hill Incline (1888-1898) West Elizabeth Walton's coal incline O'Neil and Company Incline ... Hays and Brothers Coal Railroad, inclines on Becks Run and Streets Run, operational in 1877 Knoxville Incline (1890-1960) ...
"Co-operative Mining in North Stafford". Coal Mining History Group. Archived from the original on 13 October 2011. Retrieved 3 ... In 1885, he was listed as a subscriber in the formation of The Old Hayswood Coal and Iron Co. Limited. In December 1906, he was ...
... shrouding residents in Morwell with coal dust for about a month. Coal mines in Victoria operating in 2019 are: In 2006, ... The SECV built the open cut mine in the Latrobe Valley and opened the first of many brown coal fired power stations in the ... Jack Vines (2008). "Coal Mining Heritage Study". Heritage Victoria. Archived from the original on 18 October 2009. Retrieved 6 ... Additional brown coal reserves were at Altona, and Anglesea, and black coal in the Strzelecki Ranges in South Gippsland. Both ...
2: 3-5. "List of Mines in Great Britain and the Isle of Man, 1908". Coal Mining Resource Centre. Archived from the original on ... The disturbance caused by coal mining and the railways and the subsequent ending of mining and disuse of the railways has ... In 1763, coal was discovered in Radstock and mining began in the area. In, 1896 the pits were owned by the Trustee of Frances, ... The growth of the town occurred after 1763, when coal was discovered in the area. Large numbers of mines opened during the 19th ...
Coal mining is expanding west into the Galilee Basin and requires an extension of the Goonyella line to transport coal to port ... "Coal Mining in Blackwater". Blackwater International Coal Centre. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 3 ... Mount Morgan Mine has since gone on to become one of Australia's richest mines. Purpose built mining towns in Central ... Gold, silver, limestone, coal seam gas, magnesite and gemstones are also mined. Sapphires were discovered here in 1875. Gold ...
Local coal mining and steel mills led to rapid industrialisation of the area and heavy usage of the station in the early 20th ... Local coal mining and steel mills lead to rapid industrialisation of the area and heavy usage of the station in the early 20th ... "Search Results - Coal mining". Black Country History. "Stourbridge to Walsall train-tram plan is on the right lines". ... It opened in 1852, to serve the local town and later took on transport significance with the nearby coal mines at the Delph/ ...
"Coal Mines Act 1911". UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 April 2019. "National Mining Memorial, Senghenydd". Coflein. RCAHMW. 14 ... "Coal mine closes with celebration". BBC News. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2019. 24 Hour Museum Staff (13 June 2008). " ... "Underground coal mine at Aberpergwm to reopen creating 200 jobs". WalesOnline. Media Wales. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 4 April ... "20th century coal mining". BBC Wales. 15 August 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2019. Carradice, Phil (28 October 2011). "1905: ...
Coal Geology and Mining: Consulting Services". Coal Geology and Mining. 2011-01-23. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. " ...
"Coal and coal mining". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 18 April 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter ( ... New Zealand Disasters - Mining: Ralph's Mine, Christchurch City Libraries New Zealand disasters timeline, Ministry for Culture ... Clipper ship Fiery Star SS Penguin Wreck of the General Grant Burial of victims of the Brunner Mine disaster Salvage operations ... "Brunner Mine explosion". Retrieved 15 September 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Lamorna Cooper, Hipaua Steaming ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Meyers, Frederic (1961). European Coal Mining Unions. Los Angeles: Institute of ... Once these were achieved, it also obtained the provision of washing facilities at mines, and a ban on women or children working ... The Union of Mineworkers of Belgium (French: Centrale syndicale des travailleurs des mines de Belgique, CSTMB; Dutch: Nationale ... CENTRALE SYNDICALE DES TRAVAILLEURS DES MINES DE BELGIQUE (1919-1994)". ODIS. Retrieved 21 October 2019. ...
"List of Mines in Great Britain and the Isle of Man, 1908". Coal Mining Resource Centre. Retrieved 12 November 2006. Byford, ... ISBN 1-874336-26-1. "Peak District Mines Historical Society Ltd". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 8 ...
Dalrymple, James; King, Henry P. (1916). "Fourth Annual Report of the State Inspector of Coal Mines". Colorado Coal Mining ... These mines include Chandler, Delagua, Hastings, Pinnacle Mine in the Oak Creek fields, and Wadge Mine. Some of these mines ... Like other Colorado coal mining companies of the era, Victor-American operated company-owned mining towns that housed its ... The Hastings Mine Disaster took place on 27 April 1917, killing 121 miners at the Victor-American mine. The Hasting mine was ...
... owed its early prosperity to coal mining; 2,000,000 tonnes of coal were produced by the Korumburra coalfields from ... Martin, C.H (1986). Australasian coal mining practice. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. p. 19. ISBN ... Korumburra is known as the "Heritage Centre of South Gippsland". It is the home of Coal Creek Community Park and Museum. This ... These include the Giant Earthworm, National Bank, Anzac exhibit, Mining exhibits, Dairy exhibit at the Boston Carriageworks and ...
Coal: 11,357. For 2005 as the official energy statistics of the US Government.. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on ... High horsepower engines in the oil drilling, mining, locomotive, and marine fields have been or are being developed.[57] Paul ... Brent crude price (B), heavy fuel oil price (HFO), light fuel oil price (LFO), gas oil price (GO), coal price, electricity ... BHP, one of the largest mining companies in the world, is aiming to commission minerals transport ships powered with LNG by ...
Coal and iron can be mined, while rubber needs to be imported by ship. Coal and iron are mined from rock outcrops spread around ... Coal and workers are required for all factories, though certain others also require steel and tires. The player is responsible ... As time progresses, the player enlarges the empire by building new factories, mines, and worker housing. The addition of ... The base natural resources involved in production are coal, iron, and rubber. ...
Compton Martin Ochre Mine. *Cook's Wood Quarry. *Crook Peak to Shute Shelve Hill ...
Mining Weekly - Arch Coal sells Utah thermal coal mines. *^ News Release - Arch Coal to Divest Non-Core Utah Operations to ... Arch Coal is an American coal mining and processing company. The company mines, processes, and markets bituminous and sub- ... Included in this transaction were the Black Thunder Coal Mine and Coal Creek mines in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming; the ... Mine reclamation[edit]. Arch Coal used more than $1 billion in "self-bonding" to guarantee it could pay for its mine ...
... such as coal mining on federal land, oil or natural gas drilling offshore, or pipelines that need federal approval.[55][56]. In ...
In Coal River East, Kingston Mining, located in Kingston, West Virginia, has some of the world's most sought-after met coal. ... After the merger the number of mines reached 110-150.[9][27] Notable ones include Belle Ayr Mine and Eagle Butte Mine (both in ... Cliffs Natural Resources, a coal producer of comparable size. *Patriot Coal Corporation, a producer that also mines in ... Foundation Coal added 7.5 million tons of annual coal shipments to its Eastern Coal operations, and expanded the company's ...
... coal mining, and government workers of various levels[131] - were given significant advantages and benefits. Essential workers ...
When derived from coal[1][2] it is referred to as activated coal. Activated coke is derived from coke. ... This material is now accumulating in warehouses and in deep abandoned mines at an estimated rate of 100 tons per year.[citation ... Activated carbon, often infused with sulfur[18] or iodine, is widely used to trap mercury emissions from coal-fired power ... Machnikowski J.; Kaczmarska H.; Gerus-Piasecka I.; Diez M.A.; Alvarez R.; Garcia R. (2002). "Structural modification of coal- ...
... suggested the reduction in autonomy that accompanied organizational changes in English coal mining operations adversely ... Trist, E.L., & Bamforth, K.W. (1951). Some social and psychological consequences of the longwall method of coal getting. Human ...
... the Mountain Eagle stated there were six coal mines, two sandstone quarries, 400 coke ovens, one foundry and machine shop, two ... The city is the county seat of Walker County,[4] and once ranked among the world's leading producers of coal. The town is also ...
5 February - 28 individual fossils of the giant prehistoric snake T. cerrejonensis are discovered in the coal mines of Cerrejón ...
Crafts and industries also flourished; the Somerset woollen industry was then one of the largest in England.[74] Coal mining in ... "Camborne School of Mines". Retrieved 23 April 2020.. *^ "University of Exeter". University of Exeter. Archived from the ... Hemerdon Mine, east of Plymouth, has one of the largest deposits of tungsten in the world. Wills Marine make motor inflatable ... The lead and silver mines at Charterhouse in the Mendip Hills were run by the military. The Romans established a defensive ...
Eliminating mining eliminates mine safety issues.[29] Compared to traditional coal mining and processing, the underground coal ... National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Ground-Water Resources in Relation to Coal Mining (1981). Coal mining and ground ... Skochinsky Institute of Mining. Underground coal gasification (UCG) is an industrial process which converts coal into product ... Underground coal gasification converts coal to gas while still in the coal seam (in-situ). Gas is produced and extracted ...
Some downwinders may have suffered acute exposure due to their involvement in uranium mining and nuclear experimentation.[4] ... and individuals who are exposed to ionizing radiation and other emissions due to the regular production and maintenance of coal ... compensation covers workers employed in uranium mines in five states-Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Wyoming, and Utah-between ...
265-266: I, Me, Mine said little about the Beatles; Huntley 2006, p. 170: Derek Taylor helped Harrison write the book; Tillery ... The home had an outdoor toilet and its only heat came from a single coal fire. In 1949, the family was offered a council house ... Lennon stated that his relationship with Harrison was "one of young follower and older guy ... [he] was like a disciple of mine ... Mine, is dedicated "to gardeners everywhere".[376] The former Beatles publicist Derek Taylor helped Harrison write the book, ...
The presence of flammable gases in coal mines led to miner safety lamps such as the Davy lamp, in which a wire gauze reduces ... While these lamps gave steadier and brighter light than candles, they were dangerous in coal mines, where flammable methane gas ... Carbide lamps are still used for mining in some less wealthy countries, for example in the silver mines near Potosí, Bolivia. ... Clemmer, Gregg (1987). American Miners' Carbide Lamps: A Collectors Guide to American Carbide Mine Lighting. Westernlore ...
The Romans conquered most of the island (up to Hadrian's Wall in northern England) and this became the Ancient Roman province of Britannia. In the course of the 500 years after the Roman Empire fell, the Britons of the south and east of the island were assimilated or displaced by invading Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, often referred to collectively as Anglo-Saxons). At about the same time, Gaelic tribes from Ireland invaded the north-west, absorbing both the Picts and Britons of northern Britain, eventually forming the Kingdom of Scotland in the 9th century. The south-east of Scotland was colonised by the Angles and formed, until 1018, a part of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Ultimately, the population of south-east Britain came to be referred to as the English people, so-named after the Angles. Germanic speakers referred to Britons as Welsh. This term came to be applied exclusively to the inhabitants of what is now Wales, but it also survives in names such as Wallace and in the ...
Coal mining and textiles used to be major industries, but both declined. In December 2013 the unemployment rate was 2.3 per ... It was then sold for intensive open-cast and deep-seam mining by what became the National Coal Board, before being restored and ... Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of England, published in 1848, states that Heanor parish "abounds with coal and ...
Eventually the coal remaining in the Northern Coalfield became increasingly uneconomical to mine, and the last coal mines ... The town of Louisville dates back to the start of the Welch Mine in 1877, the first coal mine in an area of Boulder and Weld ... During the years of peak production (1907-09) twelve mines were in operation in Louisville, including the Acme Mine whose two ... million tons of coal came from directly beneath the center of town. The presence of many independent mining companies in ...
... towards CCS is that it may strengthen the dependency on depletable fossil fuels and environmentally invasive coal mining. This ... Biomass cofiring with coal has efficiency near those of coal combustion.[33] Cofiring can be easily applied to existing coal- ... Co-firing coal with biomass[edit]. See also: Cofiring. As of 2017 there were roughly 250 cofiring plants in the world, ... The concentration of CO2 in the flue gas from the co-firing power plant is roughly the same as coal plant, about 15% [1].[35][ ...
A camp happened in October 2009 at Helensburgh near Sydney, which is the site of Australia's oldest coal mine.[19] ... Australia's oldest coal mine, Helensburgh, 40 minutes south of Sydney". Archived from the original on 20 August 2009. Retrieved ... "Coal protest team glued to doors" *^ a b Vidal, John (15 December 2008). "Those Kingsnorth police injuries in full: six insect ... attended the camp to represent many in the mining community who disagreed with the protesters' anti-coal position which they ...
Acid mine drainage. *Ballast water. *Bathroom. *Blackwater (coal). *Blackwater (waste). *Boiler blowdown ...
existing defenses (location, form and description, armament, field-works, mines/mine fields, searchlights, plans and sketches, ... resources (coal, repair facilities, land transportation, electric plants, food supplies, water supply, and hospitals) ...
... , son of John Smith (born 1936; underground coal miner Longwall mining) and Rita Joyce Smith (1935-2004; housewife ...
Withers, the youngest of six children, was born in the small coal-mining town of Slab Fork, West Virginia on July 4, 1938.[4][5 ...
A number of industries and sources have been implicated, including[17] high levels of dust in coal mining, gold mining, and the ... A number of measures have been taken to reduce the likelihood that workers in at-risk industries-such as coal mining, ... Poorly ventilated cooking fires, often fueled by coal or biomass fuels such as wood and dung, lead to indoor air pollution and ... Using fuels such as kerosene or coal might be less bad than traditional biomass such as wood or dung.[17] ...
General Bell had been the manager of one of the coal mines in Cripple Creek where the strike was taking place.[47] It wasn't ... The mine owners] did not find the gold, they did not mine the gold, they did not mill the gold, but by some weird alchemy all ... Those same railroad unions continued to haul the ore from mines that were run by strike breakers, to mills that were run by ... At age 15,[7] with very little formal education, Haywood began working in the mines. After brief stints as a cowboy and a ...
The party states that it would phase out fossil fuel-based power generation, and would work toward closing coal-fired power ...
Capturing CH4 emissions from coal mines and landfills, are two ways of reducing these emissions. Manure management and ... coal mining, and chemical and petrochemical industries.[5] Changes in the environment also contribute the increase in ... Methane (CH4) is largely released by coal, oil, and natural gas industries. Although methane is not mass produced like carbon ... Nitrous oxide (N2O) is released by fuel combustion, most of which comes from coal fired power plants, agricultural and ...
Iron was worked at several blast furnaces and forges throughout the area and coal was mined at pits in Cefn, Plas Kynaston and ... The company later expanded into the production of coal tar, and carbolic acid (phenol). The site soon became the world's ... Cefn Mawr was formerly heavily industrialised, with large deposits of iron and coal and sandstone, and heavy industry dominated ...
Coal Mining-Related Respiratory Diseases. Coal mining-related respiratory diseases can affect the gas exchanging tissues of the ... Depending on what is in the coal mine dust that is inhaled and the part of the lung that is affected, coal miners may develop ... For more information about each of the following coal mining-related respiratory diseases, click on the links provided. ... The primary pneumoconiosis seen in coal miners are coal workers pneumoconiosis and silicosis. Asbestosis is another type of ...
The Tennessee Clean Water Network claims National Coal is polluting rivers and generally blowing off the Clean Water Act. ...
Fola Coal Co. polluted Twentymile Creek by dumping chemicals from its Surface Mine No. 3, the Sierra Club and West Virginia ...
Home / Influence & Lobbying / Interest Groups / Energy/Natural Resources / Coal Mining / Top Recipients ...
Coal mining - Coal preparation: As explained above, during the formation of coal and subsequent geologic activities, a coal ... Therefore, run-of-mine (ROM) coal-the coal that comes directly from a mine-has impurities associated with it. The buyer, on the ... In addition, during the process of mining, a portion of the roof and floor material may be taken along with the coal seam in ... other hand, may demand certain specifications depending on the intended use of the coal, whether for utility combustion, ...
Pages in category "Coal mining disasters in Illinois". The following 4 pages are in this category, out of 4 total. This list ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Coal_mining_disasters_in_Illinois&oldid=954383859" ...
The Dobropilska coal mine is in the south-east of Ukraine in Donetsk Oblast. Dobropilska represents one of the largest coal ... "Coal mine methane in Ukraine" (PDF). epa.gov. January 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2010-12- ... This article about a coal-related corporation or company is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ... This article about mining is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. *v ...
People mourn at graves for miners who died in Tuesdays mine disaster, at a cemetery in Soma, a district in Turkeys western ... People mourn at graves for miners who died in Tuesdays mine disaster, at a cemetery in Soma, a district in Turkeys western ... Turkeys prime minister pledged Tuesday not to allow anyone responsible for the countrys worst mine disaster to go unpunished ... Turkish police have detained 18 people, including mining company executives and personnel, as part of an investigation into ...
Find out how efforts to use cleaner energy sources are affecting the top coal stocks in 2019. ... Coal is widely used across the globe as a source of electricity. ... Top Coal-Mining Stocks for 2019 Top Coal-Mining Stocks for 2019 ... The coal mining process involves extracting coal from the earth. Coal mining is performed using surface-based mining (when coal ... coal business includes the production of hard coking coal, semi-hard coking coal, semi-soft coking coal, and thermal coal ...
A mine in Cwmgwrach is taking on 60 workers, and a nearby mine at Aberpergwm will soon be ready to take on 200 more. These ... mines, and others like them, are restarting production following an almost ... South Wales is seeing a resurgence in deep coal mining. ... South Wales is seeing a resurgence in deep coal mining. A mine ... Mine chairman, Gerwyn Williams, says; "In seven or eight years a lot of things have changed. The price of coal has gone up and ...
Coal remining occurs on mine lands and coal refuse piles that have been previously mined. Coal preparation plants remove waste ... Coal Mining Detailed Study - 2008. EPA conducted a review of wastewater discharges from coal mines, including a coal industry ... Coal Mining Effluent Guidelines. *Rule Summary. Rule Summary. EPA promulgated the Coal Mining Effluent Guidelines and Standards ... The regulation covers wastewater discharges from mine drainage, coal storage facilities, and coal preparation plants. The Coal ...
Coal mining is part of the Mining sector along with other mining and extractive industries such as oil and gas. Coal mining is ... Fact Sheet , Coal Mining , April 2010. Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities in the Coal Mining Industry. Coal mining is a ... and Anthracite mining. Bituminous coal underground mining employs slightly more than half of all coal mining industry workers, ... Coal mining: 24.8 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers. There were 28 fatal injuries in coal mining in 2007, down from an ...
... Vast Stretches Of Impoverished Appalachia Look Like They Have Been Through A War. January 15, 2014. January 15, ... Coal mining still produces jobs that pay a decent wage, but Barack Obama is doing his very best to kill off that entire ... Categories Economic DespairTags America, Appalachia, Business, Businesses, Coal Mining, Economics, Factory, Industries, Jobs, ... Despite blaming the drop in the cost of dry bulk shipping on Colombian coal restrictions, it seems increasingly clear that ...
... dozen Appalachian residents and allies Protest on the heels of Obama administrations new policy on the destructive coal mining ... James Hansen was arrested today for trespassing at a protest against mountaintop removal coal mining in Coal River Valley, West ... James Hansen was arrested today for trespassing at a protest against mountaintop removal coal mining in Coal River Valley, West ... Coal companies who engage in mountaintop removal mining are clear-cutting thousands of acres of some of the worlds most ...
The United Mine Workers called a nationwide coal strike for 12:01 a.m. today amid new predictions that the country can do ... But it would stop only half the nations coal production - possibly less if work can be speeded up in non UMW mines. The UMW ... The steel industry, the countrys second biggest user of coal, also reports large stockpiles, enough to last through winter in ... Miller accused the Bituminous Coal Operators Association, the industrys bargaining arm, of "trying to break this union" and ...
An explosion ripped through a coal mine in northern China on Sunday, killing at least 74 miners and leaving dozens trapped ... China coal mine blast kills 74 An explosion ripped through a coal mine in northern China on Sunday, killing at least 74 miners ... The Tunlan mine is owned by Shanxi Coking Coal Group, Chinas largest producer of coking coal, which is used in the production ... While Chinas overall coal mining safety record is abysmal, the numbers mask great disparities. Large, state-run mines tend to ...
ways of mining. By literally peeling away the mountains of West Virginia layer by layer, coal companies ... Coal Mining The trip began with a look at one of the most efficient...and environmentally disruptive...ways of mining. By ... coal companies can extract all the layers of coal within the mountain, including layers too thin to be mined by other ... Coal washing operations create a heavy-metal-rich sludge, which is also impounded in the stream valleys. Some impoundments have ...
... as part of ashift towards a new mining permit system it expects to boostgovernment revenues. ... Indonesias mining ministry onWednesday signed amended contracts with 18 coal miningcompanies, including PT Adaro Indonesia, ... JAKARTA, Jan 17 (Reuters) - Indonesias mining ministry on Wednesday signed amended contracts with 18 coal mining companies, ... Indonesias 2009 mining law requires companies to transfer from so-called contracts of work, long-term agreements with specific ...
AUSTRALIAN mining companies are using highly toxic chemicals to extract coal seam gas during the controversial process known as ... AUSTRALIAN mining companies are using highly toxic chemicals to extract coal seam gas during the controversial process known as ... Industry and Investment NSW, the government agency that oversees coal seam gas and petroleum exploration, said it knew of no ... A government list of 36 chemicals used in coal seam gas extraction in Australia includes hydrochloric and acetic acid, and ...
China added 194 million tonnes of coal mining capacity in 2018, data from the energy bureau showed on Tuesday, despite vows to ... FILE PHOTO: A driver gets off a loading vehicle at local businessman Sun Mengs small coal depot near a coal mine of the state- ... Total coal mining capacity in the country was at 3.53 billion tonnes per year by the end of 2018, according to a statement from ... However, the total amount of coal mines in China declined to 3,373 in 2018 from 3,907 in 2017, the NEA said in the statement, ...
Inc by declining to hear its challenge to an Obama administration decision to block an environmental permit for a coal mining ... Supreme Court on Monday delivered a blow to Arch Coal ... 1 mining project in 2011, four years after the U.S. Army Corps ... WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday delivered a blow to Arch Coal Inc by declining to hear its challenge to ... Conservatives have accused Obama of waging a "war on coal," a reference to the administrations efforts to reduce greenhouse ...
... in Jharia coal mine in Jharkhand. Coal workers are some of the most severely affected from the ill effects of coal. ... Coal worker, Ashiky, 22, in Jharia coal mine in Jharkhand. Coal workers are some of the most severely affected from the ill ...
A Coal Mine is an insult from a friend or family member that uses an embarassing or deep secret of your's to hurt or ... Coal Mine. A Coal Mine is an insult from a friend or family member that uses an embarassing or deep secret of your's to ... 1. Bill doesn't have a girlfriend anymore because his brother Coal Mined him in front of her. 2. Hey Bob, get me a drink ... I went out with Jill last weekend and I stuck it in her coal-mine. ...
... By Thomas Lifson. Flying in the face of President Obamas threat that building a new coal-fired power ... Flying in the face of President Obamas threat that building a new coal-fired power plant will cause bankruptcy, a coal mine in ... a coal mine in Benwood, WV is expanding. This is one lump of coal in my Christmas stocking that I can welcome. ... The dust flying in Center Benwood signals increased coal production at Murray Energys Ohio County Mine - and a $45 million ...
Sarah Bentley reports from the activist camp standing in the way of an open cast coal mine in Shropshire in an area said to ... The High Court has quashed a government decision to turn down a new open cast coal mine in north east England. ... Activists square up to coal mine threatening Lord of the Rings site Sarah Bentley ... Huge steps are being taken to reduce the UKs dependency on the dirtiest of all fuels; coal. ...
Mining began at Haju in 2015, producing 102,000 tonnes of coal in the year and expecting to mine a million tons in 2016.[7] ... The Haju mine is the first stage of IndoMet Coal Project. In May 2016, the IndoMet Coal project is held by a joint venture ... Haju coal project is an open-cut coal mine located near Lampunut, Murung Raya Regency, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia.[ ... The map below shows the approximate location of the Haju Coal mine, located in the Lahai Coal Contract of Work (CCoWs) 25 km ...
The Bureau of Deep Mine Safety is the education and enforcement agency in the Department of Environmental Protection for the ... Major Coal Mine Fires. and Explosions in Pennsylvania. Incidents where five or more miners were killed Major disasters in metal ... Mine Rescue. Training. Certification. Engineering. Approvals. Back to the Homepage ...
The Navajo Nation will spend $2.3 million to study the purchase of a coal mine in the Four Corners region. ... A group of environmentalists is suing the federal government for access to records regarding a coal mining operation in ... Court: Mine can give job preference to Navajo workers on Navajo land. September 29, 2014 Leave a comment ... A federal appeals court ruled Friday that Peabody Western Coal Co. can give preference to Navajo tribal members when making ...
Methods of mining - overview and graphic of coal mining methods. *Coal Mining in the British Isles (Northern Mine Research ... The modern practice of coal mining (1907). *Chirons, Nicholas P. Coal Age Handbook of Coal Surface Mining (. ISBN 0-07-011458-7 ... Globally, about 40 percent of coal production involves surface mining.[6]. Strip miningEdit. Strip mining exposes coal by ... List of coal mines in the United States. Coal was mined in America in the early 18th century, and commercial mining started ...
  • Fola Coal Co. polluted Twentymile Creek by dumping chemicals from its Surface Mine No. 3, the Sierra Club and West Virginia Highlands Conservancy claim in Charleston, W. Va., Federal Court. (courthousenews.com)
  • James Hansen was arrested today for trespassing at a protest against mountaintop removal coal mining in Coal River Valley, West Virginia. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In West Virginia, jobs from mining account for just 3.3% employment in the Mountain State - that is less than 20,000 jobs total. (scienceblogs.com)
  • By literally peeling away the mountains of West Virginia layer by layer, coal companies can extract all the layers of coal within the mountain, including layers too thin to be mined by other techniques. (albion.edu)
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday delivered a blow to Arch Coal Inc by declining to hear its challenge to an Obama administration decision to block an environmental permit for a coal mining project in West Virginia. (reuters.com)
  • Members of the United Mine Workers of America Rallied in West Virginia on Tuesday 9/18 to demand the court venue for the bankruptcy case of Patriot Coal be moved to West Virginia from New York. (wsj.com)
  • While mine disasters like last week's deadly explosion in West Virginia are certainly tragic, black lung disease claims roughly 700 miners' lives each year and gets far less attention. (npr.org)
  • Mindful of the grief and anger surrounding the death of the 29 miners at the Upper Big Branch mine in West Virginia, public health analyst Anita Wolfe, who works for the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, chooses her words carefully. (npr.org)
  • In parts of West Virginia, Kentucky, and Virginia, mining companies often get at underground coal seams by blowing up the tops of mountains - a process known as mountaintop removal mining. (snopes.com)
  • MELLVILLE, WEST VIRGINIA - A fire erupted in an underground coal mine in southern West Virginia late Thursday, and two workers were missing, authorities said. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Patriot had already agreed to clean up dozens of illegal discharges of selenium from three of its major mining complexes in southern West Virginia. (wsws.org)
  • The second largest producer of surface-mined coal in West Virginia, Patriot operates 16 mining complexes in West Virginia and Kentucky, controlling 1.9 billion tons of proven coal reserves valued at $2.5 billion. (wsws.org)
  • Patriot's decision that mountaintop removal and other large surface mines are not in its best interests is the inevitable conclusion for any mining company that actually has to pay the costs of the environmental harm it creates," claimed Joe Lovett, the attorney who negotiated the deal on behalf of the Sierra Club, the West Virginia Highlands Conservancy, and the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition. (wsws.org)
  • A 2011 study published in the journal of Environmental Research showed that "birth defects were significantly higher in mountaintop mining areas versus non-mining areas for six of seven types of defects: circulatory/respiratory, central nervous system, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, urogenital and 'other,'" according to one of the study's authors, Michael Hendryx of West Virginia University. (wsws.org)
  • The group Climate Ground Zero has been leading protests and peaceful direct actions against the company Massey Energy to prevent mountaintop removal at Coal River Mountain in West Virginia. (democracynow.org)
  • Arch Coal and the EPA faced off in federal appeals court over agency's revoked permit for West Virginia coal mine. (csmonitor.com)
  • That was the issue at stake in a Washington, D.C. , courtroom hearing held Thursday over Arch Coal 's 15-year battle to expand its mining operations in West Virginia . (csmonitor.com)
  • Faced with industry fears that all federal permits could be at risk, the EPA argues that it has only withdrawn a permit retroactively in three instances - 1981 in Florida , 1992 in Virginia , and in the current West Virginia coal case. (csmonitor.com)
  • A 2018 report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) indicates that global coal consumption is on the rise and was up 1% compared to 2017. (investopedia.com)
  • The Sierra Club reports that the number of coal-fired power plants under development worldwide dropped in 2018 for the third consecutive year. (investopedia.com)
  • The sector-specific benchmark index, Stowe Global Coal Index, started the year 2018 at a value of US$1,945 and closed at US$1,486 on December 2018, indicating a decline of around 25% over the year. (investopedia.com)
  • The list is composed of coal sector stocks that have a market cap of approximately $1 billion or more and is in descending order of top-performing stocks based on the percentage gains realized between December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2018. (investopedia.com)
  • During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, its energy coal production declined to 29 million metric tons , which was the lowest in the past 10 years. (investopedia.com)
  • In 2018, coal sector stocks underperformed amid uncertain global trade due to tariffs and a slowdown in the Chinese economy. (investopedia.com)
  • BEIJING (Reuters) - China added 194 million tonnes of coal mining capacity in 2018, data from the energy bureau showed on Tuesday, despite vows to eliminate excess capacity in the sector and to reduce fossil fuel consumption. (reuters.com)
  • Total coal mining capacity in the country was at 3.53 billion tonnes per year by the end of 2018, according to a statement from the National Energy Administration (NEA). (reuters.com)
  • China produced 3.55 billion tonnes of coal in 2018, up 5.2 percent from a year ago, while generating 4.979 trillion kilowatt-hours of electricity from coal-fired power plants, up 6 percent from the 2017 level, data from the National Bureau of Statistics showed. (reuters.com)
  • In the settlement, Patriot agreed to a five-year plan that will reduce its surface mining tonnage from last year's level of 7.7 million tons to 3 million tons in 2018. (wsws.org)
  • Dobropilska represents one of the largest coal reserves in Ukraine , having estimated reserves of 58.6 million tonnes of coal . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] The annual coal production is around 1.2 million tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NEA said that excludes 1.03 billion tonnes per year of approved coal capacity currently under construction and 370 million tonnes per year under trial operation. (reuters.com)
  • Additionally, the NEA has approved another seven coal mining projects with a combined capacity of 22.5 million tonnes per year since the beginning of 2019. (reuters.com)
  • Mining began at Haju in 2015, producing 102,000 tonnes of coal in the year and expecting to mine a million tons in 2016. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The shovels and the 240-tonne dumpers will be used in Gebra and Deepka mines in Chhattisgarh producing 60 million tonnes of coal annually. (thehindubusinessline.com)
  • With an approved annual production capacity of 30,000 tonnes, the coal mine is said to produce 60,000 tonnes of coal last year. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Banks Group plans to extract 500,000 tonnes of coal from the mine, which it says will bring 30 jobs to the area. (theecologist.org)
  • Countries with the largest proven black coal reserves are the United States (250.2 billion tonnes), Russia (160.3 billion tonnes), Australia (147.4 billion tonnes), China (138.8 billion tonnes) and India (101.3 billion tonnes). (wikipedia.org)
  • China's coal output has continued to increase and its production capacity has expanded at an unprecedented rate, with an annual increase in production of 200 million tonnes on average. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012, the total output of coal reached 3.66 billion tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mongolia is estimated to have potential coal reserves of some 100 billion metric tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Mongolia's output is approximately only 5 million tonnes of coal per year, it will grow significantly given its proximity to China. (wikipedia.org)
  • UK Coal said total production in its third quarter was 1.8m tonnes, down on the 2.2m tonnes mined a year earlier, and giving year-to-date production of 5.9m tonnes, in line with its expectations. (yorkshirepost.co.uk)
  • Today, 43% of Zimbabwe's electrification capacity is generated from thermal energy, and the country is one of the leading coal producers with reserves amounting to about 12 billion metric tonnes. (medium.com)
  • Climate activists sit on the ground after entering the Garzweiler brown coal mine in Garzweiler, western Germany, on June 22, 2019, during a weekend of massive protests. (france24.com)
  • The Mine Act made mining much safer, and fatalities continue to decrease, with 24 on-the-job fatalities in 2019. (workplacefairness.org)
  • Mar 19, 2019· Miners at Kellingley colliery, the deep coal mine that closed in 2015. (kbt.co.za)
  • China's mines are the world's most dangerous, with more than 3,000 deaths a year in fires, floods and explosions. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Tunlan mine is owned by Shanxi Coking Coal Group, China's largest producer of coking coal, which is used in the production of steel. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • While China's overall coal mining safety record is abysmal, the numbers mask great disparities. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Government figures show that almost 80 per cent of China's 16,000 mines are small, illegal operations. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The latest gas explosion occurred on November 11 at a mine run by the Bayinsai Coal Tar Co Ltd in Wuhai, North China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, killing 16 miners and wounding three others. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • But there is still a long way to go in drastically improving China's mining safety record. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • We cannot expect to fundamentally improve the work safety record in China's coal mines within a short period of time," said Ma Piliang, a researcher with the China Coal Research Institute. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • A project operated by China's largest coal miner, Shenhua Group, has reduced groundwater levels in a region of Inner Mongolia and discharged high levels of toxic wastewater, environmental campaign group Greenpeace said on Tuesday. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The process has long been controversial due to its high water and energy needs but with slowing growth of coal power generation, China's coal companies are seeking new markets. (scientificamerican.com)
  • KUNMING -- Rescuers Friday recovered the bodies of 10 miners who were killed in a coal mine gas explosion earlier in the day in southwest China's Yunnan Province, according to the emergency rescue headquarters. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • China's coal mines are the world's deadliest, with thousands of people dying every year in explosions, cave-ins and floods. (voanews.com)
  • However, based on China's existing coal mining technologies, this level of output greatly exceeds the sustainable coal production capacity in terms of resources, the environment, and safety. (wikipedia.org)
  • These problems are the basis of resistance for the continued development of China's coal industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Separately, China's largest coal exporter, China National Coal Group, delayed until next year its plan to list its shares on the Hong Kong stock market, Zhou Dongzhou, a deputy managing director of a trading arm of the company, was quoted by Reuters as saying Wednesday. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Coal miner" redirects here. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the John J. Szaton statue, see Coal Miner (statue) . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sam Broach is a retired coal miner turned activist fighting mountaintop removal in Virginia. (treehugger.com)
  • Pointing to a graph that shows miner fatalities in 2004, she notes that 28 miners died that year because of mine safety problems. (npr.org)
  • A miner cries as rescue workers carry the dead body of a miner from the mine in Soma. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Rescue workers carry the dead body of a miner outside the coal mine. (buzzfeed.com)
  • China is currently the world's largest coal miner, and it is also the largest consumer of coal in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Tony Oppegard, an attorney who specializes in miner safety, the Mine Act is so much stronger than OSHA that "there's no comparison. (workplacefairness.org)
  • BRITAIN'S biggest coal miner UK Coal said recent trading has been in line with its expectations and it is making progress with its three-year turnaround plan. (yorkshirepost.co.uk)
  • The Doncaster-based group has been overhauling safety standards in recent weeks following the death of miner Gerry Gibson at its Kellingley deep mine in North Yorkshire in September. (yorkshirepost.co.uk)
  • Jorge Galleguillos, a veteran miner at the San José Mine in Chile's Atacama Desert, was working 2,000 feet below the Earth's surface when he saw what he thought was a butterfly. (kbt.co.za)
  • Coal miner Danny Smith, who is featured in the NPR investigation and suffers from advanced black lung disease, said he is astonished at the news of the hearings. (npr.org)
  • MELBOURNE/LONDON (Reuters) - At least three bidders are expected to submit final offers for global miner Rio Tinto's ( RIO.AX )( RIO.L ) Hail Creek and Kestrel coal mines in Australia, which could fetch up to $2.5 billion, people familiar with the process said. (reuters.com)
  • On 2 February 2017, the U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution to block implementation of an Obama administration coal mining regulation known as the Stream Protection Rule, which took effect on the final day of President Obama's term in office (19 January 2017). (snopes.com)
  • The GOP implemented resolution to rescind this law (which was signed into law by President Trump on 16 February 2017) have provided many news outlets with headlines in the vein of "Trump makes it legal to dump coal mining waste into rivers and streams. (snopes.com)
  • In 2017, Codelco was the leading company in the Chilean mining sector, generating more than 14.6 billion U.S. dollars in net revenue. (kbt.co.za)
  • FILE PHOTO: The Rio Tinto mining company's logo is photographed at their annual general meeting in Sydney, Australia, May 4, 2017. (reuters.com)
  • The Anglo-Australian mining company made a strategic decision in 2017 to exit coal and focus on growth in iron ore, copper and its aluminum division. (reuters.com)
  • Coal mining is further divided into Bituminous coal underground mining, Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining, and Anthracite mining. (bls.gov)
  • Bituminous and lignite surface mining had a rate that was 49 percent lower than all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • Vattenfall, which owns four of the "dirty 30" most polluting power stations in Europe, needs more lignite (brown coal) for its power plant. (rt.com)
  • Lignite coal mining is a major industry in the Soma area, helping to supply a nearby lignite-fired thermal power plant, but safety has long been a concern. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The activists, many dressed in white overalls and carrying sleeping bags, got into the vast Garzweiler lignite mine after a cat-and-mouse game with police, an AFP journalist said. (france24.com)
  • Garzweiler, which covers 48 square kilometres (18 square mile), supplies lignite, or brown coal, to power stations in the region. (france24.com)
  • According to the latest data from the World Coal Association report, China, India, America, Australia, and Indonesia are the top five coal-producing nations in the world. (investopedia.com)
  • A coal mine in Bihar , India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dhanbad coal fields are situated in the state of Jharkhand in the East of India, neighbouring West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. (libcom.org)
  • Coal India Ltd has placed an order for two giant (91.7 tonne pay load each) electric mining shovels with 17-year maintenance and repair contract (MARC) worth Rs 590 crore to the US-based P&H Mining Equipment Inc on Monday. (thehindubusinessline.com)
  • MUMBAI (Reuters) - State-run Coal India ( COAL.BO ) is in talks to buy mines from U.S.-based Peabody Energy ( BTU.N ) and Massey Energy MEE.N, according to a media report citing the company's chairman. (reuters.com)
  • Coal India recently raised $3.4 billion in the country's largest initial public offering. (reuters.com)
  • The company has said it is looking to make acquisitions in Australia, Indonesia and the United States, and the report said Coal India has budgeted $1.2 billion to buy assets in those countries during the fiscal year that ends in March. (reuters.com)
  • Most major coal producing countries, such as China, Indonesia, India and Australia, have not reached peak production, with production increases replacing falls in Europe and USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • India has some of the largest reserves of coal in the world (approx. (wikipedia.org)
  • The energy derived from coal in India is about twice that of energy derived from oil, whereas worldwide, energy derived from coal is about 30% less than energy derived from oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • New economic numbers from India, the latest forecasts for the country's voracious appetite for gold, iron ore and in particular coal and its plans for a sovereign wealth fund to look at mining deals abroad mean that the GVK-Rinehart tie-up could be the first of many. (mining.com)
  • India infrastructure giant GVK on Saturday said it would pay $1.3 billion for Australia's Hancock Prospecting coal, rail and port projects and spend a further $10 billion developing them as it lines up energy supplies for upcoming power plants. (mining.com)
  • To start with, in the first tranche, the quantities corresponding to FSAs of non-regulated sector maturing in 2015-16 onwards and 25per cent of incremental Coal India Limited (CIL)/Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) production during 2015-16 over 2014-15 will be put up for auction," the government said. (indianexpress.com)
  • Along with the exploration and development of oil and gas properties, it also mines several metals like copper, silver, lead, zinc, and iron ores as well as metallurgical and energy coal. (investopedia.com)
  • The production of metallurgical coal stood at around 42.65 million metric tons, which has remained steady over the past five years. (investopedia.com)
  • Missouri-based Arch Coal was established in 1969 and is a leading producer of thermal and metallurgical coal from surface and underground mines located across America. (investopedia.com)
  • Thanks to Chinese demand, the price for premium metallurgical coal, whose low-ash and low-sulfur content makes it ideal for steelmaking, hit a record $330 a metric ton in early 2011. (wsj.com)
  • Production at Anglo American Metallurgical Coal, in particular its Dawson mine in Queensland state, has been disrupted by rains and flooding, which have severely restricted access to the mine. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Dalrymple Bay Coal, which ships mostly metallurgical coal, stopped coal shipments on Tuesday after it exhausted its coal stockpiles and aims to restart shipments after Saturday, when trains are expected to resume transporting coal. (insurancejournal.com)
  • South32 said in a statement to the ASX that to make concessions in favour of Australian steelmakers, which would include the likes of Bluescope Steel (also a former BHP spin-off), "would be contrary to the global market in which metallurgical coal producers compete and would adversely affect the value proposition of the acquisition. (ft.com)
  • We are surprised that South32 and the ACCC reached an impasse, given both the physical synergies and the global nature of the metallurgical coal markets. (ft.com)
  • As coal's share of US electricity generation continues to decline in deference to other sources, mainly natural gas, US coal companies are transitioning their focus to metallurgical coal used in steel production. (wsws.org)
  • In a statement on the decision, the company claimed, "This settlement is consistent with Patriot Coal's business plan to focus capital on expanding higher margin metallurgical coal production and limiting thermal coal investments to selective opportunities where geologic and regulatory risks are minimized. (wsws.org)
  • The primary pneumoconiosis seen in coal miners are coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (CWP), commonly referred to as black lung, is a type of pneumoconiosis caused by inhaling respirable coal mine dust. (cdc.gov)
  • A mine in Cwmgwrach is taking on 60 workers, and a nearby mine at Aberpergwm will soon be ready to take on 200 more. (treehugger.com)
  • Employees in coal mining are more likely to be killed or to incur a non-fatal injury or illness, and their injuries are more likely to be severe than workers in private industry as a whole, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. (bls.gov)
  • Bituminous coal underground mining employs slightly more than half of all coal mining industry workers, but experiences a higher share of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities. (bls.gov)
  • The rate of fatal injuries in the coal mining industry in 2007 was 24.8 per 100,000 fulltime equivalent workers, nearly six times the rate for all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • The rate of nonfatal injuries and illnesses in coal mining in 2008 was 4.4 cases per 100 full-time workers, 13 percent higher than for total private industry. (bls.gov)
  • In coal mining, the rate of injuries and illnesses with days away from work was 2.6 per 100 full-time workers in 2008, more than twice the rate for the private sector as a whole. (bls.gov)
  • The bituminous coal underground mining rate was 3.9 per 100 full-time workers, more than three times the total private industry rate. (bls.gov)
  • Workers in coal mining and bituminous coal underground mining were away from work due to occupational injuries or illnesses longer than the 8 median days experienced by all private industry workers. (bls.gov)
  • The United Mine Workers called a nationwide coal strike for 12:01 a.m. today amid new predictions that the country can do without the union's labors for most of the winter. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Coal workers are some of the most severely affected from the ill effects of coal. (greenpeace.org)
  • Chinese state media said 21 workers were killed when a fire broke out at a coal mine late Friday in the northeastern city of Jixi in Heilongjiang province. (voanews.com)
  • Rescue workers are searching for one other missing worker at the state-owned mine in Heilongjiang province's Jixi City, according to the official Xinhua news agency. (voanews.com)
  • Thirty-eight workers were in the mine shaft when the fire broke out, according to Xinhua, which said 16 people managed to escape. (voanews.com)
  • An explosion at a coal mine in western Turkey has left at least 201 workers dead and scores injured, officials say. (bbc.co.uk)
  • He said that of the workers inside the mine at the time of the accident, only about 360 of them - including those killed - had been accounted for. (bbc.co.uk)
  • TV footage showed rescuers helping workers from the mine, their faces and hard-hats covered in soot and dust. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Manual workers, degraded and trapped by centuries of caste-based division of labour and still largely culturally oppressed are praised by heroic monuments in the mining region. (libcom.org)
  • VANCOUVER - A company criticized for hiring temporary foreign workers for a northern B.C. coal mine is dismissing allegations that it rejected the resumes of several Canadian applicants who were qualified to do the job. (yahoo.com)
  • The statement by HD Mining is the latest development in a dispute with two unions over the hiring of about 200 temporary foreign workers for the Murray River coal project near Tumbler Ridge, B.C. (yahoo.com)
  • With less people working the mines, the overall deaths from black lung have declined, even as the percentage of workers with black lung has increased. (npr.org)
  • In 2013, the coal mining industry experienced a fatal occupational injuries incident rate of 20.8 per 100,000 workers. (reference.com)
  • The coal mining industry has a long history of significant negative environmental impacts on local ecosystems, health impacts on local communities and workers, and contributes heavily to the global environmental crises, such as poor air quality and climate change. (wikipedia.org)
  • A half billion tons of coal and just 7,000 workers. (sightline.org)
  • But the truth is, modern-day coal mining is highly mechanized and it employs relatively few workers, many of them non-union. (sightline.org)
  • Behind this huge production statistic are excessive waste of coal resources, a large number of casualties among workers, and serious damage to water resources and the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • This information is being made available for those NIOSH-approved radiographic and spirometry providers interested in establishing contacts that will generate business and increase participation in the NIOSH, Coal Workers' Heatlh Surveillance Program (CWHSP).You may wish to contact the coal companies listed in your area, advise them of your resources and availability, and encourage them to use your facility as the radiograph or spirometry provider for their employees. (cdc.gov)
  • Reuters reports BHP Billiton will face work stoppages at all its Queensland, Australia coal mine operations next week ahead of an employee vote on a contract, a workers union said on Monday. (mining.com)
  • While mines have about one inspector for every 50 miners, OSHA has just one inspector for every 79,000 workers. (workplacefairness.org)
  • This was easier under the Mine Act than OSHA because of a section called 105(c) which allows workers to refuse work they consider unsafe without getting fired-and quick temporary reinstatement pending a full investigation and hearing. (workplacefairness.org)
  • Hu Jianchang, deputy director of the work-safety bureau of the southern province of Guangdong, allegedly received $12,369 on June 5 to approve the Daxing Coal Mine where the workers later died, the statement said. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Rescue workers gathered at the Shenlong Coal Mine in western China after a July explosion killed dozens of miners. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Anna Krikun spent a decade in a Soviet labor camp in Vorkuta, the city in the Russian Arctic where 36 workers died in coal-mine disaster last month. (rferl.org)
  • While the settlement does not require Patriot to immediately close any of its mines or lay off any workers, it is unclear what will eventually become of the company's 750 workers-about 18 percent of its workforce-currently employed at strip mines. (wsws.org)
  • BHP's front-line mine workers have been told they could be eligible for workers compensation should they contract the coronavirus on the job, highlighting the exposure faced by all types of Australian companies whose ''essential'' employees continue to work through the pandemic. (afr.com)
  • Major disasters in metal and nonmetal mines and quarries by States. (angelfire.com)
  • BEIJING, Aug. 26 (UPI) -- China, cracking down on illegal coal mines blamed for a large number of deadly disasters, shut down 1,289 of them during the past year, authorities said. (upi.com)
  • The death toll from coal mine disasters in the country in the first seven months of 2011 totaled 1,083, resulting from 673 incidents. (upi.com)
  • The Turkish government declared three days of national mourning following one of the country's worst mining disasters. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Australia cut its forecast for coking coal production in fiscal 2012 as recovery from natural disasters takes longer than expected but lifted its projection for iron ore production a touch. (mining.com)
  • I think the comparisons of this rescue and recent disasters in the coal fields of wv are hard to make. (kbt.co.za)
  • A billboard carries a message for the coal industry near Wheeling, W.V. A federal court case pitting Arch Coal against the Environmental Protection Agency has mining and other industries worried that the EPA could pull their permits retroactively under the Clean Water Act. (csmonitor.com)
  • Allowing EPA perpetual and unrestricted license to modify a permit after its issuance - even when the agency authorized to modify the permit has concluded there are no grounds to justify doing so - would destroy the certainty that the permit is intended to provide and upset Congress's allocation of regulatory authority among the Corps, the States and EPA," Arch Coal states in documents prepared for Thursday's court hearing. (csmonitor.com)
  • Explaining the coal company's position in the US Court of Appeals March 14, Arch Coal attorney Robert Rolfe insisted that although the EPA has a recognized role in the permitting process, "that role has to be exercised before the permit is issued," not retroactively. (csmonitor.com)
  • Arch Coal sued and won the first round in court. (csmonitor.com)
  • The legislative history confirms that section 404(c) does not authorize EPA to act post-permit," Arch Coal argues in court papers prepared for the March 14 hearing. (csmonitor.com)
  • An explosion ripped through a coal mine in northern China on Sunday, killing at least 74 miners and leaving dozens trapped underground for hours. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The death toll was the highest in a coal mine accident since December 2007, when a gas explosion at a mine in Linfen city in Shanxi province killed 105 miners, according to the State Administration of Work Safety. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Live coverage from outside the coal mine in western Turkey where an explosion has killed more than 201 people and trapped many more. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The government has said 787 people were inside the coal mine at the time of Tuesday's explosion and 363 were rescued, including scores who were injured. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • An explosion and fire at a coal mine in western Turkey on Tuesday, May 13, has killed at least 301 people in what has become the country's worst mining disaster. (buzzfeed.com)
  • A power distribution center caused an explosion and fire at the mine situated in the town of Soma, 155 miles south of Istanbul. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Our thoughts and prayers are with the people of Turkey today in the wake of a coal mine explosion in Soma, in which some 200 have been killed and hundreds more remain trapped. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Protesters with hands and faces painted as miners take part in a protest on Istiklal Avenue on May 14 in Istanbul, a day after the coal mine explosion. (buzzfeed.com)
  • A miner's father kisses his son who was rescued after the mine explosion. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Introduction In November 2010, an explosion occurred in Pike River coal mine (PRCM) that caused the death of 29 miners. (bartleby.com)
  • The explosion occurred 2 months after the mine started their operation. (bartleby.com)
  • At an occupied mine of 31 miners and contractors, an initial explosion occurred in the West Coast Region of New Zealand's South Island at approximately 3:44pm. (bartleby.com)
  • The blaze occurred less than three weeks after an explosion at the Sago Mine in Upshur County killed 12 men. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In chile, that mine had no risk of explosion, the air seemed to be ok, and they were not surrounded by combustable material like a coal mine. (kbt.co.za)
  • JAKARTA, Jan 17 (Reuters) - Indonesia's mining ministry on Wednesday signed amended contracts with 18 coal mining companies, including PT Adaro Indonesia, as part of a shift towards a new mining permit system it expects to boost government revenues. (reuters.com)
  • As explained above, during the formation of coal and subsequent geologic activities, a coal seam may acquire mineral matter, veins of clay, bands of rock , and igneous intrusions. (britannica.com)
  • In addition, during the process of mining , a portion of the roof and floor material may be taken along with the coal seam in order to create adequate working height for the equipment and miners. (britannica.com)
  • AUSTRALIAN mining companies are using highly toxic chemicals to extract coal seam gas during the controversial process known as ''fracking'', documents obtained by the Herald show. (smh.com.au)
  • A government list of 36 chemicals used in coal seam gas extraction in Australia includes hydrochloric and acetic acid, and napthalene- an ingredient once used in napalm as well as more mundane items such as mothballs - and many other hydrocarbons. (smh.com.au)
  • Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, involves injecting a mixture of water, sand and chemicals at high pressure underground in order to fracture rock formations and release coal seam gas. (smh.com.au)
  • The Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association, which represents coal seam gas extraction applicants, said the process has been used for many years and is completely safe. (smh.com.au)
  • One of the companies, BJ Services, is a supplier of fracking chemicals to coal seam gas operators in Australia. (smh.com.au)
  • Industry and Investment NSW, the government agency that oversees coal seam gas and petroleum exploration, said it knew of no instance where banned chemicals were used in fracking. (smh.com.au)
  • Queensland's Department of Environment and Resource Management said coal seam gas operators would be required to disclose all ingredients used in fracking. (smh.com.au)
  • Additionally coal seam thickness and geology are factors in selection of a mining method. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most economical form of underground mining is the long wall, which is a shear blade that runs along sections of the coal seam. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, some western U.S. coal that occur at depths in excess of 200 ft (60 m) are mined by the open pit methods, due to thickness of the seam 60-90 feet (20-25 metres). (wikipedia.org)
  • At least 52 bell pits (small shafts sunk along the surface outcrop of a coal seam) probably dating from medieval times lie scattered through the wood, together with a number of deeper shafts and 16 adits (horizontal mines for access and drainage). (bgs.ac.uk)
  • Tuesday's protest is happening just days before a Congressional hearing titled, "The Impacts of Mountaintop Removal Mining on Water Quality in Appalachia. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Two weeks ago, the Obama Administration announced steps to end the fast tracking of certain mountaintop removal coal mine permits and to add tougher enforcement in Appalachia. (scienceblogs.com)
  • A mountaintop removal coal mining site in Appalachia. (treehugger.com)
  • The 1,200-acre permit, located on a forested ridge above the town of Appalachia, Virginia, would have had intense impacts on residents already affected by decades of mountaintop removal coal mining. (treehugger.com)
  • Appalachia has one of the world's richest deposits of high-grade coal used to make steel. (wsj.com)
  • It produces 5 million tons of coking coal a year. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The estimated 250 million tons of brown coal is threatening to wipe Atterwasch and two neighboring villages in eastern Germany off the map. (rt.com)
  • Shenhua's coal-to-liquid project has a production capacity of 1.08 million tons a year, with plans to expand to 5 million tons. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Dalrymple Bay Coal terminal at the Port of Hay Point, the world's largest coal export port with an annual capacity of 129 million tons, halted operations as stockpiles have run too low after a train derailment disrupted supplies. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Dalrymple Bay currently has about 200,000 tons of coal, which is unsuitable for loading, down from an ideal working stockpile of 1.2 million tons. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Gladstone Ports Corporation, which has an annual export capacity of 75 million tons, said its RG Tanna coal terminal will operate at 50 percent of capacity this week due to rail system closures after flooding and track damage. (insurancejournal.com)
  • That's nearly half of all the coal mined in the US each year and it works out to roughly 66,000 tons of coal for each worker , on average. (sightline.org)
  • Mechel controls the Southern Kuzbass Coal Company in Kuznetsk, the Elga Coal Field in the Sakha Republic with 2.2 billion metric tons of reserves of coal, and the Neryungrinsky coal mine at Neryungri in the Sakha Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1935, output ranged from 3500-5000 tons a month and the mine employed about 700 men. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • The four coal leases next to existing strip mines in the Powder River Basin -- the largest coal-producing region in the United States -- total 758 million tons and will take between 10 and 20 years to mine. (latimes.com)
  • The first two auctions, in response to an application filed by Antelope Coal LLC, will offer a total of 406 million tons on May 11 and June 15. (latimes.com)
  • The BLM will offer 222 million tons of coal at an auction July 13. (latimes.com)
  • An auction Aug. 17 will offer 130 million tons of coal in response to an application filed by Caballo Coal Co. (latimes.com)
  • Approximately 30 percent of the 26 million tons of coal the company produced last year was derived from surface mining. (wsws.org)
  • seams relatively close to the surface, at depths less than approximately 180 ft (55 m), are usually surface mined. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] However, there are open pit mining operations working on coal seams up to 1,000-1,500 feet (300-460 metres) below ground level, for instance Tagebau Hambach in Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • When coal seams are near the surface, it may be economical to extract the coal using open cut (also referred to as open cast, open pit, mountaintop removal or strip) mining methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Opencast coal mining recovers a greater proportion of the coal deposit than underground methods, as more of the coal seams in the strata may be exploited. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, the coal seams outcrop in the valley floor and could be worked in a series of trenches and bell pits. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • However, most coal was extracted from a large number of generally small mines between Chilcompton and Mells, which worked the thin coal seams in the Lower and Middle Coal Measures. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • Up to nine named coal seams were exploited in the Lower Coal Measures (shown on the geological map sheet 281). (bgs.ac.uk)
  • The colliery worked six major coal seams, but closed in the 1860s. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • The shaft reached a depth of 560 m, the deepest in Somerset and proved six major coal seams. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • While safer and more efficient than traditional underground mining, MTR uses a fraction of the workforce and is an extremely destructive process in which mountains are blasted apart in order to reach the coal seams inside. (wsws.org)
  • In 2007, 20 fatalities (or 71 percent of all fatalities in coal mining) were in bituminous coal underground mining. (bls.gov)
  • In bituminous coal underground mining, the rate of nonfatal injuries and illnesses was 66 percent higher than that of all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • Miller accused the Bituminous Coal Operators Association, the industry's bargaining arm, of "trying to break this union" and said the strike will bring "hardships and human tragedy. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Mine operators extract coal from underground and surface mines using machinery and explosives. (epa.gov)
  • That's the coal mining method that levels the tops of mountains with explosives to extract the coal within. (democracynow.org)
  • The Tunlan mine has some of the best facilities in the country and had not reported any major accidents in the past five years, Xinhua said. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • About 3,200 people died in coal mine accidents last year, a 15 per cent decline from the previous year. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Gas explosions, floods, mine collapses and other accidents kill over 6,000 miners each year in China. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Though safety standards are improving, mining-related accidents kill hundreds of people each year in China. (voanews.com)
  • One of the worst mining accidents took place in the same town when more than 250 miners lost their lives in 1992. (bbc.co.uk)
  • An MP with Turkey's opposition CHP party has accused the government of rejecting a recent proposal for a parliamentary inquiry into mine accidents in Soma. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Fatal mining accidents are common in Turkey. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Pike River Coal Mine's managers were more concerned about producing huge volumes of coal, instead of protecting their employees from avoidable accidents. (bartleby.com)
  • According to the inquiry, which stemmed from public pressure after highly publicized mining deaths, local officials routinely ignored safety hazards or covered up accidents in exchange for cash or stakes in the mines they were supposed to supervise. (washingtonpost.com)
  • China relies on domestically produced coal for more than 70 percent of its energy needs, but the mounting death toll from accidents linked to corruption and local government coverups have embarrassed the Communist Party, even as soaring oil prices increase the country's need for less-expensive energy sources such as coal. (washingtonpost.com)
  • A retrospective study on severity analysis of Indian coal mines accidents for 100 years was done considering fatal and serious accidents and the resulting causalities. (ilo.org)
  • Coal is widely used across the globe to generate electricity. (investopedia.com)
  • Despite awareness of global warming due to greenhouse gas emissions, some major economies lack the resources to substitute their coal-based electricity with less carbon-intensive energies. (investopedia.com)
  • Despite awareness of global warming due to greenhouse gas emissions, many economies lack the resources they need to use sustainable energies instead of coal-based electricity. (investopedia.com)
  • Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though it was used historically as a domestic fuel, coal is now used mostly in industry, especially in smelting and alloy production, as well as electricity generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the late 20th century, coal was, for the most part, replaced in domestic as well as industrial and transportation usage by oil, natural gas or electricity produced from oil, gas, nuclear power or renewable energy sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Energy originating from coal stands for 11,6% of Chile's electricity consumption. (kbt.co.za)
  • The U.S. relies on coal, the most polluting of all energy sources but one of the least expensive, for 45% of its electricity consumption. (latimes.com)
  • In May 2016, the IndoMet Coal project is held by a joint venture between Australia-based mining giant BHP Billiton (75%) and Indonesia-listed mining company PT Adara Energy Tbk. (sourcewatch.org)
  • 25%). However, in June of 2016, BHP Billiton sold its shares in IndoMet Coal to Adaro Energy. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Ashley Burke, spokeswoman for the National Mining Association, the industry's leading trade group, said NMA hopes new dust control regulations that took full effect in 2016 "reverses the trend examined in your report. (npr.org)
  • The index is composed of 25 global companies working in the coal sector. (investopedia.com)
  • Without a significant change in policy, mining companies will continue to destroy historic mountain ranges and bury community's drinking water in toxic waste. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Coal companies who engage in mountaintop removal mining are clear-cutting thousands of acres of some of the world's most biologically diverse forests. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Confirming earlier reports of extensive above ground coal supplies, the institute, an association of investor-owned electric companies, said utilities in regions heavily dependent on coal say they have reserves of about 100 days, according to United Press International. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Indonesia's 2009 mining law requires companies to transfer from so-called contracts of work, long-term agreements with specific rules including on taxes, to newer special mining permits that generally follow prevailing law. (reuters.com)
  • Rio Tinto joined several other companies in declaring force majeure on some coal sales contracts on Wednesday due to the heavy rains, saying the severe monsoonal rains impacted mining operations, access to roads, and disrupted rail hauling. (insurancejournal.com)
  • A joint resolution headed for President Trump's signature would repeal a law that limited mining companies' ability to dump earthen mining waste into streams, but this resolution actually represents a return to a status that has been in effect, intermittently, since 1983. (snopes.com)
  • The 1977 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act says that companies should not cause "material damage to the environment to the extent that it is technologically and economically feasible. (snopes.com)
  • Since then, the industry has concentrated in hands of few companies - coking coal producers were integrated with steel makers, and two national leaders in steam coal emerged. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metinvest is an international, vertically integrated mining and steel group of companies, comprising 23 industrial companies leading the mining and steel industry of Ukraine and the Commonwealth of Independent States. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In response, Beijing is forcing officials and heads of state-owned companies to surrender their shares in coal mines. (washingtonpost.com)
  • HARRISBURG, June 8 - Legislation that would reduce protections to streams where coal companies seek to mine under them passed the Senate 32-17 on Tuesday, said state Rep. Greg Vitali, D-Delaware/Montgomery. (pahouse.com)
  • MINING.com and sister company IntelligenceMine's ranking of the world's 50 largest mining companies based on market value continues to show an industry in recovery. (kbt.co.za)
  • Mining companies began applying for the leases in 2004. (latimes.com)
  • Coal companies are stepping up exports of coal to China, and backing new ports on the coast of Washington state to ship the coal off trains arriving from Western states. (latimes.com)
  • The destructive character of MTR often necessitates coal companies buy out and relocate entire communities near the operation. (wsws.org)
  • Here's a look at the top coal mining stocks that fared better than the industry average. (investopedia.com)
  • EPA conducted a review of wastewater discharges from coal mines, including a coal industry profile, mine drainage characteristics, treatment technologies and costs. (epa.gov)
  • Coal mining is a relatively dangerous industry. (bls.gov)
  • Fractures, which frequently require long recuperations, account for 19 percent of all injuries and illnesses in coal mining, compared to 8 percent in all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • Coal mining still produces jobs that pay a decent wage, but Barack Obama is doing his very best to kill off that entire industry. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • The steel industry, the country's second biggest user of coal, also reports large stockpiles, enough to last through winter in most cases. (washingtonpost.com)
  • More than 1,000 dangerous small mines were closed last year, but the country's mining industry remains the world's deadliest. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Not that many years ago, this expansion barely would have been noteworthy outside the coal industry. (americanthinker.com)
  • Our legislation protects the interests of coal mining industry. (rt.com)
  • These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every state and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 212100 - Coal Mining. (bls.gov)
  • In a bid to tighten controls in the deadliest mining industry, a list of 580 coal mines whose certificates have been cancelled for failing to meet safety standards was released yesterday. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • China has shut down 1,933 unqualified coal mines and 9,067 illegal collieries this year in efforts to cut the death toll in the mining industry, according to the State Administration of Work Safety, the nation's top work safety watchdog. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Why are we still letting the coal industry do this? (treehugger.com)
  • Large-scale coal mining developed during the Industrial Revolution, and coal provided the main source of primary energy for industry and transportation in industrial areas from the 18th century to the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the Northwest debates coal export proposals-and residents sort through competing claims about jobs and economics-it's worth bearing in mind that western coal mining is simply not, by any measure, a job-intensive industry. (sightline.org)
  • The Daily Mercury reports Rio Tinto executive director Sam Walsh says the mining industry has to live with the new resources tax as the best deal that could be done with the current government. (mining.com)
  • If such reform is to happen, advocates say regulators can look for guidance from a conglomerate OSHA doesn't monitor: the mining industry. (workplacefairness.org)
  • While the decrease might be related to a loss of jobs-the coal industry has flatlined in recent years-experts say it's also related to regulations in the Mine Act: For example, underground mines have to be inspected, at minimum, four times a year. (workplacefairness.org)
  • The Chinese government said a two-month investigation into possible conflicts of interest in the coal industry found that 4,578 government officials illegally held stakes in coal mines, where corruption, mismanagement and other abuses contribute to thousands of deaths each year. (washingtonpost.com)
  • South32′s proposed acquisition came under scrutiny from the national competition watchdog, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, on concerns it could lessen competition in the supply of coking coal to Australian steelmakers given most of the country's reserves are already controlled by industry giants such as BHP, Mitsui and Anglo American. (ft.com)
  • With Democrats holding total control of the federal government and a cap-and-trade bill still looming, the GOP is fanning widespread coal country fears that the national Democratic Party is hostile to the coal mining industry, if not outright committed to its demise. (newsrealblog.com)
  • To qualify for this scholarship, applicants must be legal permanent residents of a qualifying state, be in good academic standing, and be studying a trade that will allow them to pursue a career in the coal industry. (cappex.com)
  • This dossier presents a selection of statistics and facts about the mining industry in Chile. (kbt.co.za)
  • The reality, however, is that the Patriot agreement was consistent with the long-term plans of the company and reflects shifts in the coal industry as a whole. (wsws.org)
  • In stories published Tuesday and broadcast on Morning Edition and All Things Considered, NPR and Frontline reported that federal regulators and the mining industry knew more than 20 years ago that toxic silica dust in coal mines was leading to severe and fatal lung disease. (npr.org)
  • The Environmental Protection Agency recently dealt a blow to the coal mining industry when it delayed hundreds of mountaintop coal mining projects for a new review of their environmental impact. (democracynow.org)
  • The Chamber's position has been supported by a score of industry organizations ranging from the Alabama Mining Association and the Montana Coal Council to the National Association of Manufacturers and the Wyoming Mining Association. (csmonitor.com)
  • Heavy rains and flooding in Australia's key coal-producing Queensland state have impacted mining operations and brought parts of the coal infrastructure, including rail and ports, to a standstill, operators said on Wednesday. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Dalrymple Bay Coal terminal and Gladstone Ports, two of Australia's biggest coal export terminals, and rail firm QR National , the nation's top coal transporter, said they were forced to cut back operations due to weather-related disruptions. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Those coking coal prices are well below current levels around $209 shored up by a number of factors, including capacity curbs imposed by Australia's top coal hauler, congestion at one of the country's key ports, and problems at some mines. (reuters.com)
  • These mines, and others like them , are restarting production following an almost total slump since the 1970's. (treehugger.com)
  • But it would stop only half the nation's coal production - possibly less if work can be speeded up in non UMW mines. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The UMW accounted for nearly 70 per cent of the nation's coal production when the current contract was ratified three years ago, but now produces only slightly more than 50 per cent. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The dust flying in Center Benwood signals increased coal production at Murray Energy's Ohio County Mine - and a $45 million expansion at the mine's preparation plant to accommodate it. (americanthinker.com)
  • Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given that weather-dependent means of renewable energy production, such as solar and wind power, are unreliable, Germany is determined to fill in the growing power gaps with the help of coal. (rt.com)
  • Provincial departments in charge of issuing coal mine production certificates are also required to report more unqualified collieries to the commission on December 5 this year and January 10 of next year, it said. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • On Sunday, a committee for safe production under the State Council urged local governments to go all out to streamline the operation of mines and close unqualified ones. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • They are India's main centre for coking coal, a particular sort of coal important for steel production. (libcom.org)
  • The productivity drive towards open-cast mining has increased the dust production, the whole area is covered with fine coal dust, causing epidemic respiratory suffering. (libcom.org)
  • This is almost equal to the combined production of CIL's subsidiaries Eastern Coalfields Ltd and Bharat Coking Coal Ltd in West Bengal and Jharkhand. (thehindubusinessline.com)
  • The nationwide effort is designed to end the illegal production of coal, Zhao Tiechui , deputy head of the State Administration of Work Safety, told reporters, China Daily reported Friday. (upi.com)
  • The downpours will continue with rainfall expected to exceed the median level from December through February in southeast Queensland and northeastern New South Wales, where coal production is concentrated. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Since the 1970s, fatal coal mining injuries have decreased by 92 percent despite a 63 percent increase in coal production. (reference.com)
  • The mine was shut down in 1987, due to continious and increasing losses, but also just after having reached its maximum monthly production. (pbase.com)
  • Jeremy Nichols of WildEarth Guardians, an environmental group, said the organization already is challenging two of the proposed coal leases in court on climate change grounds and plans to contest the others. (latimes.com)
  • Swedish energy giant Vattenfall is looking to relocate the villagers to strip-mine the ground underneath for brown coal. (rt.com)
  • Thousands of villages in this region were resettled after WWII, when the communist government depended on brown coal to power its cities and factories. (rt.com)
  • First the government comes in and starts developing alternative sources of energy and now we've come back to brown coal. (rt.com)
  • Anglesea is the first brown coal domino to fall, and Hazelwood must be next. (theage.com.au)
  • COAL RIVER VALLEY, W. VA--At a peaceful protest on mountaintop removal today organized by coalfield residents and Rainforest Action Network, leading climate scientist, Dr. James Hansen, actress Daryl Hannah, former Representative Ken Hechler, Michael Brune, the executive director of Rainforest Action Network, and Goldman Prize winner Judy Bonds were arrested along with dozens of Coal River Valley residents and allies. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The increasing coal capacity has stirred concerns it will undermine efforts to cut the share of coal in total energy use, and that China will be unable to keep its commitment of capping climate-warming carbon emissions by around 2030. (reuters.com)
  • More than 100 coal chemical projects are currently waiting for approval, said Li Yan, Greenpeace climate and energy manager. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Several hundred climate activists evaded police to enter an open-cast mine run by energy giant RWE in western Germany Saturday, a day after tens of thousands campaigned against the use of coal. (france24.com)
  • One of the protesters acquitted last week of trespassing on a new coal mine site in County Durham has spoken out against the legal system that protects designated animal species but fails to protect the climate. (theecologist.org)
  • It's really bittersweet," Johnson said of the outcome, "because the law serves to protect this species as it should, but when it comes to the climate - that Banks Group is directly affecting by mining coal that will be burnt - that's not protected. (theecologist.org)
  • The Ukhaa Khudag coal mine lies in one of the harshest climate zones on the planet: the southern Gobi desert. (andritz.com)
  • Environmentalists have fought the expansion of coal leasing, citing its heavy contribution to climate change, as well as the effect of coal dust and toxic air pollution on human health. (latimes.com)
  • Who has heard the term 'canary in a coal mine' before? (infoq.com)
  • Most of the time, he points out, it's probably a good thing that the mtDNA is more prone to damage--it acts like a canary in a coal mine to protect healthy cells. (eurekalert.org)
  • This article about a coal-related corporation or company is a stub . (wikipedia.org)
  • Turkish police have detained 18 people, including mining company executives and personnel, as part of an investigation into last week's mine disaster, CNN Turk and other broadcasters reported on Sunday. (yahoo.com)
  • According to the energy consulting company Enerdata , the share of coal in the power mix has almost remained steady for the past 20 years at approximately 40% . (investopedia.com)
  • They risked arrest by crossing onto the property of leading mountaintop removal coal mining company, Massey Energy--purposely trespassing to protest the destruction of mountains immediately above the Coal River Valley community. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The company operates 28 mines. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • BHP stated that none of the endangered animals live in the mining area, but the company previously relocated 280 orangutans found nearby to other parts of Kalimantan. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Yanzhou is the only Chinese coal mining company available on the Hong Kong, New York and Shanghai exchanges. (nasdaq.com)
  • According to the company, the two mines already have three such shovels and the availability of the new shovels will enhance the over-burden removal capacity. (thehindubusinessline.com)
  • The unions claimed there were several qualified candidates for jobs at the mine, but the company says the unions' documents aren't accurate, and HD will file an official response in court by Feb. 15. (yahoo.com)
  • The company is also reiterating arguments it has previously made, specifically that no other mine in Canada is currently using the methods it plans to employ at Murray River. (yahoo.com)
  • All Company Executives Yanzhou Coal Mining Co. Ltd. (wsj.com)
  • The mine's operator, the Soma Coal Mining Company, said in a statement that the last inspection of the mine two months ago found nothing contrary to mining regulations. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Adani has previously insisted it could pay for the mine without government assistance but there has been no confirmation the project has secured funding, despite company chairman Gautam Adani announcing last year the project had received Final Investment Decision (FID) approval. (news.com.au)
  • Banks Group, the company behind the mine, said it had found no great crested newts in ecological surveys taken over a number of years, but the protesters claimed to have found one of the protected amphibians on the site. (theecologist.org)
  • The listing includes the Mine Name, Mine Identification Code, Company Address, Mine Operator, Company Contact Person, the Company Telephone Number, and the Date on which a new plan is required. (cdc.gov)
  • The so-called queen of iron ore who inherited a debt-ridden mining company from her father 20 years ago had already doubled her wealth from 2010 before Saturday's deal. (mining.com)
  • Under 105(c), when one of Howard's former employers, the Cumberland River Coal Company, tried to unlawfully fire him twice, Howard filed federal complaints with the help of Oppegard. (workplacefairness.org)
  • The name of the coal company and bore hole are imprinted into the cover. (troutunderground.com)
  • The Director of the Centre for Natural Resources Governance, Farai Muguu, criticises the mining company Hwange Colliery for failing to control the situation and is now asking for them to compensate the victims of the deadly hot coal furnaces. (medium.com)
  • Although coal remains key to Zimbabwe, there is a need for the country to develop and employ clean coal processing technology, environmental rehabilitation, and social support systems for vulnerable people living in such risky communities, a measure that has not been taken by the government-run coal mining company. (medium.com)
  • The company will withdraw two of its existing permit applications and agreed not to request any new "dredge-and-fill" permits for large-scale surface mining, ceasing all MTR operations when current permits expire. (wsws.org)
  • Department of Fish and Game - Consolidation Coal Company. (biodiversitylibrary.org)
  • Apollo Global Management is bidding with pension fund Canada Pension Plan (CPP), U.S. coal company Xcoal Energy & Resources and a former Glencore executive for the assets. (reuters.com)
  • However, for a A$4.3 billion ($3.4 billion) company, Hail Creek and Kestrel would be a huge bite, and analysts expect it would need to either sell new shares to help fund a deal or line up a partner in the mines. (reuters.com)
  • Romney and Giuliani, both immensely attractive, savvy and well-funded politicians, are in effect the canaries in the coal mine of conservative politics. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Engineers at the University of California at Berkeley have merged a living cell with an electrical circuit so that in a chemical attack the cell's death would trip an alarm.The bionic chip, made by Boris Rubinsky and Yong Huang, updates the 19th-century coal miners' trick of bringing canaries down into shafts. (military.com)
  • The idea with canaries and coal miners is that years ago, decades ago, what would happen was it turns out coal mines are a little dangerous, not only because tunnels collapse, but also because of the sort of lethal gases that are in those mines. (infoq.com)
  • Turkey's prime minister pledged Tuesday not to allow anyone responsible for the country's worst mine disaster to go unpunished , and promised improved supervision of Turkish mines. (yahoo.com)
  • The country's worst mining disaster was in 1992, when 270 miners were killed near Zonguldak, on the Black Sea. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Updated: At least 301 have died in the country's worst mining accident. (buzzfeed.com)
  • The pre-dawn blast occurred while 436 miners were working underground at the Tunlan coal mine near Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The gas blast happened around 5:50 a.m. at Chashan Coal Mine in Zhenxiong County, in the city of Zhaotong, while 13 miners were working underground, said the headquarters. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Xinhua said the fire broke out Saturday at a mine in Hegang City, Heilongjiang province, while 44 miners were working underground. (voanews.com)
  • and it is especially seen in coal miners who are exposed to rock dust, such as roof bolters in underground mines and drillers in surface mines. (cdc.gov)
  • Many coals extracted from both surface and underground mines require washing in a coal preparation plant . (wikipedia.org)
  • Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on earth, and it is a major source of energy. (investopedia.com)
  • It is likely that as the cost of cleaner and renewable energy sources such as wind and solar continue to drop, these energy sources will outpace coal making it a thing of the past. (investopedia.com)
  • However, the demand for coal is likely to decline as the cost of cleaner and renewable energy sources such as wind and solar drop and the pressure to use cleaner energy increases. (investopedia.com)
  • The price of coal has gone up and Europe is faced with an energy gap. (treehugger.com)
  • By sacrificing the Appalachian Mountains for the country's coal addiction, we undermine future investments in 21st century clean energy solutions that will protect our planet, produce more jobs and preserve our natural resources. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Mountaintop removal coal provides less than eight percent of all coal produced in the United States, and could be replaced with energy efficiency initiatives or renewable energy sources, instead of permitting massive environmental destruction of historic mountain ranges and essential drinking water for a relatively tiny amount of coal. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The government has promised for years to improve mine safety, but energy-hungry China depends on coal for most of its power. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This article is part of the Global Coal Mine Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy . (sourcewatch.org)
  • According to Energiebilanzen, an association of energy lobbies and research institutes that monitors energy consumption, last year the amount of energy produced from coal in Germany rose to its highest since the 1990s. (rt.com)
  • The Swedish energy giant wants to double the size of an open cast mine in the area. (rt.com)
  • Energy Minister Taner Yildiz said 787 people had been inside the mine at Soma in Manisa province when an electrical fault triggered the blast. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Demand for coal continues to rise in China to meet the energy appetite of the country's burgeoning economy. (upi.com)
  • For these reasons, coal has been one of the first fossil fuels to be phased out of various parts of the global energy economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compared to wood fuels, coal yields a higher amount of energy per mass and can often be obtained in areas where wood is not readily available. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coal remains an important energy source. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 2010, coal produced over a fourth of the world's energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Charts 2 and 3, "Coal Mining Employment" and "Coal Mining Employment Trends" are by Sightline Institute using data from Table 20 of the US Energy Information Administration's " Annual Coal Report 2011 " published on November 8, 2012. (sightline.org)
  • South32 decided to scotch its proposed acquisition of a coal mine in the eastern Australian state of New South Wales from Peabody Energy rather than make concessions to domestic steelmakers to allay competition concerns. (ft.com)
  • Moving air through a mine is the second largest energy consumer for a mine, next only to the transportation of coal out of the mine. (innovations-report.com)
  • Mining giant BHP has confirmed its plans to turn to renewable energy at its huge copper mines in Chile, saying that it aimed to source 100 per cent of its power needs from renewables from the mid-2020s and will cancel its current coal contracts. (kbt.co.za)
  • Vast coal reserves in Wyoming will be auctioned over the next five months, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar announced Tuesday, despite the Obama administration's push to transition the nation's energy supply to cleaner, renewable sources. (latimes.com)
  • The president also knows that we need to embrace and encourage safe development of traditional energy -- coal, oil, gas and nuclear,' he said. (latimes.com)
  • There were 28 fatal injuries in coal mining in 2007, down from an average of 31 fatalities per year from 2003 to 2006. (bls.gov)
  • Since the start of this year, work has been suspended at 12,990 mines, 4,672 of which passed safety checks after correcting the problem, said an administration official yesterday. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The falling Australian dollar erased profits at Yanzhou Coal Mining ( YZC , quote ) last quarter, leaving net income 70% below the previous year. (nasdaq.com)
  • Last year, a spokesman for the safety agency said lax enforcement of safety laws and poor equipment were partly to blame for making Chinese coal mines among the most dangerous in the world. (upi.com)
  • In the early 20th century, the average number of U.S. coal mining fatalities were 1,000 per year, decreasing to about 450 in the mid-20th century and to 140 in the 1970s. (reference.com)
  • Historically, the deadliest year in U.S. coal mining history was 1907 with 3,242 fatalities. (reference.com)
  • Though the resource has been central to power generation in Zimbabwe, innumerable people experience hell within the dangerous 'coal hell pits' of Hwange each year, with most catastrophes going undocumented. (medium.com)
  • A year later, several mines are either testing or plan to test the method this summer, he said, using it to brace mine seals, which are critical stability points. (innovations-report.com)
  • The incoming chairman of the congressional committee that oversees workplace regulations said Tuesday he will hold hearings next year in response to an NPR and Frontline investigation that revealed the failure of government regulators to identify and prevent a fatal disease outbreak among coal miners. (npr.org)
  • Hail Creek and Kestrel are Rio Tinto's last two coal mines, following the $2.7 billion sale of its Hunter Valley coal operations in Australia to Yancoal last year. (reuters.com)
  • The assessment also highlighted the potential impact of the Bylong coal mine, a thermal coal project proposed for a region east of Mudgee. (smh.com.au)
  • The nation is also the second-biggest exporter of thermal coal used for power generation after Indonesia, with about 20 percent of world exports. (insurancejournal.com)
  • The country's unusually wet spring and early summer have already pushed both coking coal and thermal prices sharply higher and tight markets are keeping a close eye on further disruptions. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Increasing demand for power, and new applications for coal are increasing demand, but it does feel like a step backward. (treehugger.com)
  • Every day, mountaintop removal mines use more explosive power than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima," said Bo Webb, an organizer of today's protest and a Coal River Valley Resident. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Conservatives have accused Obama of waging a "war on coal," a reference to the administration's efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including those from coal-burning power plants. (reuters.com)
  • Flying in the face of President Obama's threat that building a new coal-fired power plant will cause bankruptcy, a coal mine in Benwood, WV is expanding. (americanthinker.com)
  • The Industrial Revolution , which began in Britain in the 18th century and later spread to continental Europe and North America, was based on the availability of coal to power steam engines . (wikipedia.org)
  • The electrical fault triggered a power cut, making the mine cages unusable. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Industrial coal mining started in the second half of the 19th century, subsequently both steel manufacturing and power generation came up in the region. (libcom.org)
  • A major environmental rehabilitation effort looms near the Great Ocean Road following the shut down of the Anglesea coal-fired power plant and open-cut mine after 46-years of operation. (theage.com.au)
  • The Greens said attention should now turn to the closure of other dirty coal-fired power plants. (theage.com.au)
  • On Friday, 500 activists cut off the supply of coal to the Neurath plant, one of Germany's main coal-fired power stations, by sitting down on the rail tracks the supply trains use. (france24.com)
  • Germany's decision to abandon nuclear power after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power station disaster in Japan made it more dependent on coal. (france24.com)
  • The remains of a number of water leats probably constructed to power water pumps for the coal mines can also be seen. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • Founded in 1943, Usibelli Coal Mine (UCM) has grown to become the largest coal mining operation in Alaska utilizing the most modern mining equipment and state-of-the-art engineering to supply coal to six Alaska power plants and export coal to Chile, South Korea and several other Pacific Rim destinations. (kbt.co.za)
  • Coal from the Powder River Basin used in power plants accounts for nearly 14% of all U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, according to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. (latimes.com)
  • You need to be sure that there's a secure source of fuel for the power plants,' said Marion Loomis, executive director of the Wyoming Mining Assn. 'Even though we're going to be building a lot more natural gas, and a lot more wind, we're not going to be shutting down existing power plants,' Loomis said. (latimes.com)
  • More than 700 died from coal worker pneumoconiosis - more commonly known as black lung. (npr.org)
  • And if coal dust really is at the levels that are being reported, Attfield says, the rate of black lung is far higher than it should be. (npr.org)
  • Howard himself suffered multiple injuries while underground including a torn rotator cuff, a broken back, a traumatic brain injury and black lung-a fatal respiratory disease unique to coal miners. (workplacefairness.org)
  • Burke also said NMA wants mandatory black lung testing for all coal miners and more flexibility in using protective devices like special helmets. (npr.org)
  • Inadequate ventilation, insufficient air quantities and improperly maintained dust controls expose miners to risk of explosions and black lung,' says Joe Main, assistant secretary of labor for mine safety and health. (sej.org)
  • The incident rates of coal mining deaths have decreased from 0.2000 fatalities per 200,000 hours worked in 1970 to 0.0393 in 2000. (reference.com)
  • While Howard knew mining was dangerous work, as he grew older, he observed his supervisors making unsafe decisions to get the coal out cheaper and quicker, increasing the likelihood of injuries, illnesses and fatalities. (workplacefairness.org)
  • http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/statistics/method.htm]. (cdc.gov)
  • Listed below are the coal mining operations nationwide that have been recently notified by NIOSH of the requirement to provide chest x-rays to their employees. (cdc.gov)
  • Wastewater is generated during the mining process from groundwater produced during coal extraction, from water used by operators for equipment cooling and dust control, and from precipitation entering mines. (epa.gov)
  • Coal mining in the Hunter Valley has affected groundwater in about a quarter of the region, and the 22 planned new coal mines or expansions of existing ones will expand the impact on water resources further, a federal government study has concluded. (smh.com.au)
  • Hunter Valley coal mines are affecting groundwater in the region - and the impact will grow as mines expand. (smh.com.au)
  • The effects on groundwater diminish with distance from mines. (smh.com.au)
  • All new mine proposals are subject to rigorous assessment and approval processes under the EP&A Act, which includes careful consideration of all cumulative dust and noise emissions and cumulative impacts on surface water and groundwater systems,' the spokesman said. (smh.com.au)
  • However, Jeremy Buckingham, the Greens resources spokesman, said coal mining in the Hunter had had a 'massive impact' on the region's rivers and groundwater. (smh.com.au)
  • The Ordos city government has also claimed damage caused by Shenhua's coal-to-liquid project in two notices published on its website, pointing to reduced groundwater levels, irrigation problems, and a lack of safe drinking water for residents. (scientificamerican.com)
  • On our trip, we were taken on flights over mountaintop mines by volunteer pilots with Southwings an organization dedicated to raising awareness of environmental problems by flying people over areas affected. (albion.edu)
  • Larry has resisted lucrative offers to sell his land to coal interests, and instead accepted the role of environmental activist that fate has forced on him. (albion.edu)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said it would veto a permit issued for the Spruce No. 1 mining project in 2011, four years after the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had given its approval. (reuters.com)
  • This victory came as many residents from across the Appalachian region were in Washington, D.C., this week to demand that Congress and the Environmental Protection Agency stop mountaintop removal coal mining. (treehugger.com)
  • This is why we chose to stand out against a big iconic project like Shenhua coal-to-liquid at this time as it's still possible that some major decisions can be shifted because of environmental concerns. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Coal mining continues as an important economic activity today, but has begun to decline due to the strong contribution coal plays in global warming and environmental issues, which result in decreasing demand and in some geographies, peak coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Carmichael mine was previously delayed by court challenges brought by environmental groups as well as the need to change to the Native Title Act to legitimise an Indigenous Land Use Agreement it had signed. (news.com.au)
  • Coal-mining regions are often associated with the social, cultural and environmental impact of coal mining. (wikipedia.org)
  • Senate Bill 624, introduced by Senate President Pro Tempore Joseph Scarnati, would directly affect a pending case before the Pennsylvania Environmental Hearing Board (EHB Docket No. 2014-072-B) relating to Consol Energy's longwall mining activity in and near Greene County's Ryerson Station State Park. (pahouse.com)
  • Environmental analysis, WildEarth Guardians' protests, the change in presidential administrations and the large number of Wyoming coal lease applications submitted at the same time all played a role in delaying the auctions until now, BLM spokeswoman Beverly Gorny said. (latimes.com)
  • In a recent settlement reached with several environmental groups over $440 million in environmental cleanup liabilities, Patriot Coal has announced it will phase out its mountaintop removal (MTR) coal mining operations. (wsws.org)
  • The settlement was hailed by environmental activists: "This is an historic moment for people hardest hit by mountaintop removal coal mining," said Michael Brune, executive director of the Sierra Club. (wsws.org)
  • If a mine has received a federal permit to expand its current operations, can the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revoke the permit retroactively to protect the nation's water? (csmonitor.com)
  • The mine suffered from poor ventilation and bad underground roads and the mine was closed in about 1870. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • More than 120 new violations were found, including failures to maintain adequate ventilation and water-spraying equipment underground, which work together to suppress coal dust and minimize its inhalation by coal miners. (sej.org)
  • A group of environmentalists is suing the federal government for access to records regarding a coal mining operation in northeastern Arizona. (azcapitoltimes.com)
  • The accident happened one day after a fire at a coal mine in northeastern China killed at least five miners and trapped 30. (voanews.com)
  • However, New South Wales' Hunter Valley coal operations have not been impacted, with the rainfall mostly west of producing areas, a spokesman for the Hunter Valley Coal Chain Coordinator said on Wednesday. (insurancejournal.com)
  • In today's world, coal is the most commonly used fossil fuel. (bartleby.com)
  • Britain developed the main techniques of underground coal mining from the late 18th century onward, with further progress being driven by 19th century and early 20th-century progress. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fatal injuries in 2006 included the Sago mine disaster. (bls.gov)
  • An example of this is the Pike River Coal Mine tragedy which occurred on November 19th 2010 which is located on the West Coast of New Zealand, where a series of methane explosions happened resulting in the loss of 29 men's lives and 2 survivors walking away from the explosions. (bartleby.com)
  • This specification covers limestone suitable for use as dust in coal mines to prevent coal dust explosions. (astm.org)
  • Ships have been used to haul coal since Roman times. (wikipedia.org)
  • QR National said it was forced to temporarily close its Goonyella coal haulage system because a Pacific National train derailment and weather-related problems will affect coal haul through at least January, as flooding was still hampering access to tracks and recovery efforts. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Protesters have entered Massey mine sites, chained themselves to mining equipment, and blocked coal haul roads. (democracynow.org)
  • Describes abandoned mine land conditions and the performance of BMPs that have been implemented at remining operations. (epa.gov)
  • Coal washing operations create a heavy-metal-rich sludge, which is also impounded in the stream valleys. (albion.edu)
  • At the mine itself, rescue operations continue. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Mining operations began at the start of summer. (theecologist.org)
  • The rule defines "material damage to the hydrologic balance outside the permit area" for the first time and clarifying that the statutory prohibition on the approval of proposed operations that would result in material damage to the hydrologic balance outside the permit area applies to both surface and underground mining operations. (snopes.com)
  • Numerous studies have documented the negative health impacts associated with living near coal mining operations in general and MTR mines in particular. (wsws.org)
  • Note 1 - Limestone can serve as a source of incombustible material in coal mine operations. (astm.org)
  • Coal is also mined today on a large scale by open pit methods wherever the coal strata strike the surface or are relatively shallow. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is part of a string of increasingly dramatic protests on mountaintop removal and comes after the Obama Administration's announcement that the EPA will reform, but not abolish, the aggressive strip mining practice. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The Dhanbad-Jharia area forms part of a mineral rich corridor, most of India's reserves in coal, copper, iron ore and uranium are located in the Durgapur-Dhanbad-Bokaro-Jamshedpur triangle. (libcom.org)
  • Antique 1908 Blueprint Lehigh Valley Coal PA Mineral Spring Colliery Map 445 WOW This is a blueprint from the Lehigh Valley Coal Co. Wyoming Division Engineering Department. (troutunderground.com)
  • Yoginder Paul Chugh, professor of mining and mineral resources engineering in the SIUC College of Engineering, devised the materials, with the help of several others. (innovations-report.com)