A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).
Residue generated from combustion of coal or petroleum.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal MINERS, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.
Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The contamination of indoor air.
Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of dust that contains both CARBON and crystalline SILICON DIOXIDE. These foreign matters induce fibrous nodule formation in the lung.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
High temperature destruction of waste by burning with subsequent reduction to ashes or conversion to an inert mass.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Areas set apart as burial grounds.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.

Mechanisms and mediators in coal dust induced toxicity: a review. (1/268)

Chronic inhalation of coal dust can cause several lung disorders, including simple coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP), progressive massive fibrosis (PMF), chronic bronchitis, lung function loss, and emphysema. This review focuses on the cellular actions and interactions of key inflammatory cells and target cells in coal dust toxicity and related lung disorders, i.e. macrophages and neutrophils, epithelial cells, and fibroblasts. Factors released from or affecting these cells are outlined in separate sections, i.e. (1) reactive oxygen species (ROS) and related antioxidant protection mechanisms, and (2) cytokines, growth factors and related proteins. Furthermore, (3) components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), including the modifying role of ROS, cytokines, proteases and antiproteases are discussed in relation to tissue damage and remodelling in the respiratory tract. It is recognised that inhaled coal dust particles are important non-cellular and cellular sources of ROS in the lung, and may be significantly involved in the damage of lung target cells as well as important macromolecules including alpha-1-antitrypsin and DNA. In vitro and in vivo studies with coal dusts showed the up-regulation of important leukocyte recruiting factors, e.g. Leukotriene-B4 (LTB4), Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 (MCP-1), and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF alpha), as well as the neutrophil adhesion factor Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Coal dust particles are also known to stimulate the (macrophage) production of various factors with potential capacity to modulate lung cells and/or extracellular matrix, including O2-., H2O2, and NO, fibroblast chemoattractants (e.g. Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF beta), PDGF, and fibronectin) and a number of factors that have been shown to stimulate and/or inhibit fibroblast growth or collagen production such as (TNF alpha, TGF beta, PDGF, Insulin Like Growth Factor, and Prostaglandin-E2). Further studies are needed to clarify the in vivo kinetics and relative impact of these factors.  (+info)

Health impacts of domestic coal use in China. (2/268)

Domestic coal combustion has had profound adverse effects on the health of millions of people worldwide. In China alone several hundred million people commonly burn raw coal in unvented stoves that permeate their homes with high levels of toxic metals and organic compounds. At least 3,000 people in Guizhou Province in southwest China are suffering from severe arsenic poisoning. The primary source of the arsenic appears to be consumption of chili peppers dried over fires fueled with high-arsenic coal. Coal samples in the region were found to contain up to 35,000 ppm arsenic. Chili peppers dried over high-arsenic coal fires adsorb 500 ppm arsenic on average. More than 10 million people in Guizhou Province and surrounding areas suffer from dental and skeletal fluorosis. The excess fluorine is caused by eating corn dried over burning briquettes made from high-fluorine coals and high-fluorine clay binders. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during coal combustion are believed to cause or contribute to the high incidence of esophageal and lung cancers in parts of China. Domestic coal combustion also has caused selenium poisoning and possibly mercury poisoning. Better knowledge of coal quality parameters may help to reduce some of these health problems. For example, information on concentrations and distributions of potentially toxic elements in coal may help delineate areas of a coal deposit to be avoided. Information on the modes of occurrence of these elements and the textural relations of the minerals and macerals in coal may help predict the behavior of the potentially toxic components during coal combustion.  (+info)

Molecular epidemiological study of non-small-cell lung cancer from an environmentally polluted region of Poland. (3/268)

The p53 mutation spectrum can generate hypotheses linking carcinogen exposure to human cancer. Although it is well-documented that tobacco smoking is a major cause of lung cancer, the contribution of air pollution is less well-established. We determined the molecular and immunohistochemical changes (p53 gene mutations, p53 protein accumulation and WAF1 protein expression) and genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1, CYP1A1 and CYP2D6 genes in a case series of non-small-cell lung cancers from Silesia. This region of southern Poland is highly industrialized with considerable environmental pollution. More than 50% of lung cancers (90/164) contained p53 mutations and 75% showed the combined alteration of the p53 gene and protein accumulation. Males occupationally exposed to coal-derived substances showed a relatively high frequency of squamous and large-cell carcinomas, relatively frequent mutations in codon 298 of p53 and a low frequency of p53 immunohistochemically positive tumours. Codon 298 GAG-->TAG mutations have rarely been found in lung cancers in other populations. We found no correlation between WAF1 protein expression and mutations in the p53 gene or p53 protein accumulation. No statistically significant relationship was found between p53 mutations and GSTM1, CYP1A1, CYP2D6 genotypes. Never smokers with lung cancers from Silesia had a higher frequency of G:C-->T:A transversions than previously reported of the p53 mutation spectrum in never smokers (6/15 vs 4/34; P = 0.06 by chi2). These data are a tentative indication that occupational and environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzo(a)pyrene, in polluted air contributes to the molecular pathogenesis of lung cancer in never smokers.  (+info)

Modulating influence of cytochrome P-450 MspI polymorphism on serum liver function profiles in coke oven workers. (4/268)

OBJECTIVES: It was reported previously that topside oven workers with heavy exposure to coke oven emissions had increased serum activities of hepatic aminotransferase in one coke oven plant. This study was conducted to investigate the modifying effect of CYP1A1 MspI polymorphism on liver function profiles in coke oven workers. METHODS: 88 coke oven workers from a large steel company in Taiwan were studied in 1995-6. Exposure was categorised by work area: topside oven workers and sideoven workers. Liver function profiles including serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), r-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and total bilirubin (BIL) were examined in the morning after personal exposure measurements. The MspI polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). RESULTS: Five of 23 (22%) topside oven workers and seven of 65 (11%) sideoven workers had the CYP1A1 MspI homozygous variant genotype. With sideoven workers with the combined wild type and heterozygous variant as the reference group in multiple regression models, it was found that topside oven workers with the combined traits had mean AST and ALT activities that were 21% and 46% higher (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 4% to 42% and 12% to 91%, respectively) than the reference group after adjusting for appropriate confounders. Also, topside oven workers with the homozygous variant trait had mean AST, ALT, and GGT activities that were 59%, 68%, and 157% higher (95% CI 21% to 109%, 6% to 168%, and 39% to 374%, respectively) than the reference group. The prevalence of an abnormal hepatocellular pattern (AST > 37 IU/l or ALT > 39 IU/l) was more common in the topside oven workers with the homozygous variant than in the sideoven workers with the other combined genotypes (adjusted odds ratio 9.9, 95% CI 1.2 to 82.3) after adjusting for appropriate confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The CYP1A1 MspI polymorphism may modify the biotransformation of coke oven emissions, which results in hepatocellular damage in coke oven workers.  (+info)

Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children. (5/268)

BACKGROUND: A critical review was conducted of the quantitative literature linking indoor air pollution from household use of biomass fuels with acute respiratory infections in young children, which is focused on, but not confined to, acute lower respiratory infection and pneumonia in children under two years in less developed countries. Biomass in the form of wood, crop residues, and animal dung is used in more than two fifths of the world's households as the principal fuel. METHODS: Medline and other electronic databases were used, but it was also necessary to secure literature from colleagues in less developed countries where not all publications are yet internationally indexed. RESULTS: The studies of indoor air pollution from household biomass fuels are reasonably consistent and, as a group, show a strong significant increase in risk for exposed young children compared with those living in households using cleaner fuels or being otherwise less exposed. Not all studies were able to adjust for confounders, but most of those that did so found that strong and significant risks remained. CONCLUSIONS: It seems that the relative risks are likely to be significant for the exposures considered here. Since acute lower respiratory infection is the chief cause of death in children in less developed countries, and exacts a larger burden of disease than any other disease category for the world population, even small additional risks due to such a ubiquitous exposure as air pollution have important public health implications. In the case of indoor air pollution in households using biomass fuels, the risks also seem to be fairly strong, presumably because of the high daily concentrations of pollutants found in such settings and the large amount of time young children spend with their mothers doing household cooking. Given the large vulnerable populations at risk, there is an urgent need to conduct randomised trials to increase confidence in the cause-effect relationship, to quantify the risk more precisely, to determine the degree of reduction in exposure required to significantly improve health, and to establish the effectiveness of interventions.  (+info)

Indoor coal combustion emissions, GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes, and lung cancer risk: a case-control study in Xuan Wei, China. (6/268)

The lung cancer mortality rate in Xuan Wei County, China is among the highest in the country and has been associated with exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This risk may be modified by variation in metabolism genes, including GSTM1, which encodes an enzyme known to detoxify polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. To investigate the relationship between GST genotypes and lung cancer risk in Xuan Wei County, we analyzed GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes in a population-based case-control study. A total of 122 lung cancer patients and 122 controls, individually matched by age, sex, and home fuel type, were studied. Compared to subjects who used less than 130 tons of smoky coal during their lifetime, heavier users (> or =130 tons) had a 2.4-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.3-4.4) increased risk of lung cancer. The GSTM1-null genotype was associated with a 2.3-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.3-4.2) increased risk of lung cancer. Furthermore, there was some evidence that smoky coal use was more strongly associated with lung cancer risk among GSTM1-null versus GSTM1-positive individuals. In contrast, the GSTT1 genotype was not significantly associated with lung cancer risk. Our data suggest that the GSTM1-null genotype may enhance susceptibility to air pollution from indoor coal combustion emissions.  (+info)

Silicosis and coal workers' pneumoconiosis. (7/268)

Exposure to coal mine dust and/or crystalline silica results in pneumoconiosis with initiation and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. This review presents characteristics of simple and complicated coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) as well as pathologic indices of acute and chronic silicosis by summarizing results of in vitro, animal, and human investigations. These results support four basic mechanisms in the etiology of CWP and silicosis: a) direct cytotoxicity of coal dust or silica, resulting in lung cell damage, release of lipases and proteases, and eventual lung scarring; b) activation of oxidant production by pulmonary phagocytes, which overwhelms the antioxidant defenses and leads to lipid peroxidation, protein nitrosation, cell injury, and lung scarring; c) activation of mediator release from alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells, which leads to recruitment of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and macrophages, resulting in the production of proinflammatory cytokines and reactive species and in further lung injury and scarring; d) secretion of growth factors from alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells, stimulating fibroblast proliferation and eventual scarring. Results of in vitro and animal studies provide a basis for proposing these mechanisms for the initiation and progression of pneumoconiosis. Data obtained from exposed workers lend support to these mechanisms.  (+info)

Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers and occupational exposure to formaldehyde and various dusts: a case-control study in France. (8/268)

OBJECTIVES: A case-control study was conducted in France to assess possible associations between occupational exposures and squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx. METHODS: The study was restricted to men, and included 201 hypopharyngeal cancers, 296 laryngeal cancers, and 296 controls (patients with other tumour sites). Detailed information on smoking, alcohol consumption, and lifetime occupational history was collected. Occupational exposure to seven substances (formaldehyde, leather dust, wood dust, flour dust, coal dust, silica dust, and textile dust) was assessed with a job exposure matrix. Exposure variables used in the analysis were probability, duration, and cumulative level of exposure. Odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression, and were adjusted for major confounding factors (age, smoking, alcohol, and when relevant other occupational exposures). RESULTS: Hypopharyngeal cancer was found to be associated with exposure to coal dust (OR 2.31, 95% CI 1.21 to 4.40), with a significant rise in risk with probability (p<0.005 for trend) and level (p<0.007 for trend) of exposure. Exposure to coal dust was also associated with an increased risk of laryngeal cancer (OR 1.67, 95% CI 0.92 to 3.02), but no dose-response pattern was found. A significant relation, limited to hypopharyngeal cancer, was found with the probability of exposure to formaldehyde (p<0.005 for trend), with a fourfold risk for the highest category (OR 3.78, 95% CI 1.50 to 9.49). When subjects exposed to formaldehyde with a low probability were excluded, the risk also increased with duration (p<0.04) and cumulative level of exposure (p<0.14). No significant association was found for any other substance. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that exposure to formaldehyde and coal dust may increase the risk of hypopharyngeal cancer.  (+info)

Global Lignite Coal Sales Market Report 2018 1 Lignite Coal Market Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Lignite Coal 1.2 Classification of Lignite Coal by Product Category 1.2.1 Global Lignite Coal Market Size (Sales) Comparison by Type (2013-2025) 1.2.2 Global Lignite Coal Market Size (Sales) Market Share by Type (Product Category) in 2017 1.2.3 1.2.4 1.3 Global Lignite Coal Market by Application/End Users 1.3.1 Global Lignite Coal Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2013-2025) 1.3.2 Power Generation 1.3.3 Agriculture 1.3.4 Mining 1.3.5 Others 1.4 Global Lignite Coal Market by Region 1.4.1 Global Lignite Coal Market Size (Value) Comparison by Region (2013-2025) 1.4.2 United States Lignite Coal Status and Prospect (2013-2025) 1.4.3 China Lignite Coal Status and Prospect (2013-2025) 1.4.4 Europe Lignite Coal Status and Prospect (2013-2025) 1.4.5 Japan Lignite Coal Status and Prospect (2013-2025) 1.4.6 Southeast Asia Lignite Coal Status and Prospect (2013-2025) 1.4.7 ...
Global Biomass Briquette Market Competition, by manufacturer, Biomass Briquette Sales and Biomass Briquette Revenue by Regions (2012-2017). Request Sample Biomass Briquette Research Report at https://market.biz/report/global-biomass-briquette-market-gir/15353/#requestforsample. Global Biomass Briquette Market report mainly covers 12 sections. They are as follows:. Section 1 gives us Biomass Briquette Introduction, market overview, product scope, Biomass Briquette market opportunities, market threat, Biomass Briquette market driving force;. Section 2 shows the global Biomass Briquette market by regions, with sales, Biomass Briquette market share and revenue of Biomass Briquette, for each region, from 2017 to 2022;. Section 3 and 4 displays Biomass Briquette market forecast, by regions, application and type, with revenue and sales of Biomass Briquette market, from 2017 to 2022;. Section 5 shows the competitive situation among the top manufacturers, with sales, revenue and market share of Biomass ...
Chinas coal-fired power plants consume more water where water is scarce than plants in any other country, according to the report, which assessed global water depletion from coal use.. [...] Greenpeace said the continuing burning of coal for power plants and factories in northern China, along with the growth of the coal-to-chemicals industry, is exacerbating the water crisis. In much of northern China, people are using water faster than it can be regenerated, Greenpeace said, posing a serious threat to local ecology.. At the end of 2013, China had 45 percent of the worlds coal-fired power plants, with a total installed capacity of 358 gigawatts, according to a summary of findings in the 60-page report, The Great Water Grab. Nearly half of the plants were in water-scarce areas, and those had a total annual water consumption of 3.4 billion cubic meters, enough to meet the basic needs of about 186 million people, the researchers found.. [...] Across all of China, coal-fired power plants ...
Coal is much cheaper than other fossil fuels. Compared with liquefied natural gas and oil, it is priced roughly half and one-third per caloric unit, respectively.. The cost of building a CoolGen plant is estimated to be about 20% higher than that for conventional coal-fired plants. But it will be economically more advantageous than plants using LNG or oil for power generation as long as the price gaps continue.. In addition, a CoolGen plant can use low-quality coal, which is cheaper than standard coal, because it gasifies the fuel.. Existing coal-fired power plants are estimated to emit twice as much CO2 as standard LNG-based plants. Although coal is cheaper, the construction of conventional coal-fired plants is prohibited in principle in Japan for the sake of curbing CO2 emissions.. But the situation is different overseas. The International Energy Agency forecasts that coal-fired power plants in the world will generate a total of 2.4 billion kilowatts in 2040, up from nearly 1.9 billion in ...
Anthracite is similar in appearance to the mineraloid jet and is sometimes used as a jet imitation. Anthracite differs from ordinary bituminous coal by its greater hardness (2.75-3 on the Mohs scale[9]), its higher relative density of 1.3-1.4, and luster, which is often semi-metallic with a mildly brown reflection. It contains a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of volatile matter. It is also free from included soft or fibrous notches and does not soil the fingers when rubbed.[3] Anthracitization is the transformation of bituminous coal into anthracite. The moisture content of fresh-mined anthracite generally is less than 15 percent. The heat content of anthracite ranges from 22 to 28 million Btu per short ton (26 to 33 MJ/kg) on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. The heat content of anthracite coal consumed in the United States averages 25 million Btu/ton (29 MJ/kg), on the as-received basis (i.e., containing both inherent moisture and mineral matter). Since the 1980s, ...
Coal combustion accounts for approximately two-thirds of global anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions. Enhanced deposition of Hg can occur close to coal-fired utility boilers (CFUBs), but it is difficult to link specific point sources with local deposition. Measurement of Hg stable isotope ratios in precipitation holds promise as a tool to assist in the identification of local Hg deposition related to anthropogenic emissions. We collected daily event precipitation samples in close proximity to a large CFUB in Crystal River, Florida. Precipitation samples collected in Crystal River were isotopically distinct and displayed large negative δ(202)Hg values (mean = -2.56‰, 1 SD = 1.10‰, n = 28). In contrast, precipitation samples collected at other sites in FL that were not greatly impacted by local coal combustion were characterized by δ(202)Hg values close to 0‰ (mean = 0.07‰, 1 SD = 0.17‰, n = 13). These results indicate that, depending on factors such as powdered coal isotopic composition and
Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal. Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster. 1990-2005. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal,.. Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal, [assessed 1990-2005]. Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 1990-2005. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal,.. Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1990-2005.. Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal (assessed 1990-2005). Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal (last visited 1990-2005). Tanzania Coal Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Tanzania/Energy/Coal (as of ...
Briquette biomass Regular Buyers, Briquette biomass Importers, Briquette biomass Distributors, Briquette biomass Wholesalers, Briquette biomass Agents, Briquette biomass Businesses - UK B2B Marketplace
Competitive Insights:. Global lignite coal market is segmented on the basis of application and geography. By application, in 2016 power generation segment was the most dominant segment accounting for largest revenue share in global lignite coal market. Growing use of lignite coal as fuel in thermal power plants is anticipated to drive the growth of the segment during the forecast period. Others application is anticipated to be the fastest growing application among all applications in global lignite coal market. Advancement in technology has facilitated the production of synthetic natural gas from lignite coal using coal to liquid technology attracting investment in across the globe. Growing investment in development of CTL technology for the conversions of lignite coal to synthetic natural gas is projected to drive the demand for lignite coal over the forecast period. On the basis of geography, Europe was estimated to be the largest market for lignite coal in 2016. Increasing lignite production ...
The purpose of this project was to conduct a comprehensive laboratory-based evaluation of selected respiratory and cardiac health hazards of subchronic (up to 6 months) inhalation of simulated key components of downwind plume emissions of coal combustion. This project was performed as an integral part of a joint government-industry program termed the National Environmental Respiratory Center (NERC), which is aimed at disentangling the roles of different physical-chemical air pollutants and their sources in the health effects associated statistically with air pollution. The characterization of the exposure atmosphere and the health assays were identical to those employed in the NERC protocols used to evaluate other pollution source emissions, such as diesel, gasoline, and wood combustion. The project had two phases, each encompassing multiple tasks. Guidelines for the composition of the exposure atmosphere were set by consensus of an expert workshop. Development of the capability to generate the
The goal of the Sierra Clubs Beyond Coal campaign is to retire one-third of the nations over 500 coal plants by 2020; so far 147 have retired. Burning coal, the dirtiest fossil fuel, still produces about 40 percent of the electricity in the U.S., although this figure has been declining because of the natural gas boom. Coal mining destroys mountaintops and dumps rubble and toxic waste into streams. Burning coal is responsible for soot and smog that result in over $100 billion in health costs each year. Coal plants release toxic mercury into the air and leave behind dangerous coal ash pollution.. Moreover, coal-fired power plants are responsible for one third of all U.S. carbon dioxide emissions each year. Carbon dioxide, a powerful greenhouse gas, traps heat and warms the planet. In May, carbon emissions in the atmosphere topped 400 parts per million for the first time in over 2.5 million years. Humans have now put enough carbon dioxide into the atmosphere to change life on Earth as we know it; ...
From Duke University. Superior energy efficiency of South Korean plants, and choice of replacement fuels in US, are key to success. DURHAM, N.C. - Under the right scenario, exporting U.S. coal to power plants in South Korea could lead to a 21 percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions compared to burning the fossil fuel at plants in the United States, according to a new Duke University-led study.. Despite the large amount of emissions produced by shipping the coal such a long distance, our analysis shows that the total emissions would drop because of the superior energy efficiency of South Koreas newer coal-fired power plants, said Dalia Patiño-Echeverri, assistant professor of energy systems and public policy at Duke.. For the reduction to occur, U.S. plants would need to replace the exported coal with natural gas. And in South Korea, the imported coal must replace other coal as the power source. However, if imported U.S. coal were to replace natural gas or nuclear generation in Korea, the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Coal mining is associated with lung cancer risk in Xuanwei, China. AU - Hosgood, H. Dean. AU - Chapman, Robert S.. AU - Wei, Hu. AU - He, Xingzhou. AU - Tian, Linwei. AU - Liu, Larry Z.. AU - Lai, Hong. AU - Engel, Lawrence S.. AU - Chen, Wei. AU - Rothman, Nathaniel. AU - Lan, Qing. PY - 2012/1. Y1 - 2012/1. N2 - Background: Xuanwei, China, experiences some of the highest rates of lung cancer in China. While lung cancer risk has been linked to the household use of bituminous coal, no study has comprehensively evaluated the risk of lung cancer associated with the mining of this coal in Xuanwei. In Xuanwei, coal is typically extracted from underground mines, without ventilation, and transported to the surface using carts powered by manpower or electricity. Methods: We evaluated the risk of lung cancer and working as a coal miner, in the absence of diesel exhaust exposure, in a population-based case-control study of 260 male lung cancer cases and 260 age-matched male controls with ...
When I drive from Dallas to Colorado, I sometimes see southbound trains loaded with coal from vast reserves buried in Wyoming rock layers. This coal helps power the homes and industries of the almost eight million folks in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.1 How did all that coal get buried there?. For a society that uses so much coal, we seem to know very little about its origins. Truth be told, coal formation holds mysteries. We cant travel back in time to see what happened, but we can do experiments and follow clues that refine our ideas.. What clues does the standard story offer? Peat has played too big a role when it comes to explaining coal. According to the United States Geological Survey, Peat is the precursor to coal.2 How do they know? Peat does not form coal today. Peat bogs and coal beds both contain bits of wood, but they have many other differences.. For example, peat bogs are riddled with roots. Coal seams show none.3 Todays peat bogs dont extend across state-size areas like ...
The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) has once again put together a fantastic report regarding water contamination near coal ash disposal sites. Last year, the EIP released several reports showing that drinking water near coal ash disposal sites in states across America contained dangerous levels of heavy metals and other toxins, including arsenic. In total, last years report revealed 53 sites in the United States where coal ash had polluted drinking water supplies. The new report has identified a total of 116 coal ash sites in America that are leaching deadly toxins into the environment. The new EIP report resulted from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the EPA, which revealed that 49 different coal-fired power plants acknowledged that their own testing showed that groundwater pollution around their disposal sites far exceeded the federally acceptable levels. Among the chemicals reported to exceed federal standards at the coal-fired plants disposal sites are:
Coal is one of the cheapest and most important sources of energy, responsible for 41% of electricity production worldwide.The Pros of Coal are most evident in Electricity Generation where it continues to grow at a sharp pace in countries like India and China. In many important countries like India,China,Germany,USA,Coal is the primary source of electricity and energy.Other smaller countries also heavily rely on coal for example Poland 94% , South Africa 92%, China for 77% and Australia for 76% of Electricity.Coal has played this a pivotal role in the development of mankind and his progress into the Industrial Age.Coal is an essential raw material and fuel for important global industries like Cement and Steel.Different qualities of Coal are used for different purposes.For example coking coal with higher carbon percentage is used in Steel Production while Thermal Coal is used in Production of Electricity.It was during the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries that demand for coal ...
Faster depletion of liquid hydrocarbons reserves makes coal bed methane a potential energy source. In the present investigation, coal samples were collected from a coal bed methane reservoir and proximate analysis was carried out to determine the ash content, volatile matter, and moisture content. Permeability and porosity of the coal was obtained to determine the gas content and flow characteristic of gas through the coal bed. Reserve and recoverable gas from the coal bed methane field under study was estimated from the adsorption-desorption experiments and simulation study. Future production rate of gas and water and dewatering time were predicted using Fekete coal bed methane software ...
In 2008/09, 487 million tonnes of coal was mined, and 261 million tonnes was exported.[9] In 2009, Australia was the fourth-highest coal producer in the world, producing 335 megatonnes (Mt) of anthracite and 64 Mt of lignite.[10] Australia was the biggest anthracite exporter, with 31% of global exports (262 Mt out of 836 Mt total). 78% of 2009 anthracite production was exported (262 Mt out of 335 Mt total). Australias global anthracite export share was 14% of all production (836 Mt out of 5,990 Mt total).[11] In 2011, coal exports were Australias second-largest source of export income, after iron ore exports.[12] In 2011, coal exports were worth A$47 billion Australian dollars, or US$47.8 billion, with US$15.6 billion coming from exports of thermal coal for power stations.[12] Coking coal generated A$22.4 billion of export revenue in 2012/13 financial year with thermal coal bringing in A$16.1 billion during the same period.[13] According to the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource ...
Best Rice Husk Briquettes Dealers in Mumbai. Find the list of best Rice Husk Briquettes suppliers & Manufacturers in Mumbai. Yellow Pages Directory of Rice Husk Briquettes, Rice Husk Briquettes manufacturers, Traders, and Rice Husk Briquettes, Rice Husk Briquettes Suppliers & Dealers in Mumbai, India.
The ratio of the thicknesses of a layer of peat and the coal bed formed from that peat has been calculated for a bituminous coal bed in central Utah. The method used involves comparison of the thickness of peat eroded by a laterally migrating channel system with the thickness of coal now absent from the outcrop. The peat:coal thickness ratio calculated by this method is approximately 11:1. ...
Arsenic is one of the toxic trace elements in coals, which is harmful to both the ecological environment and human health. Based on published literature and the data obtained by our research group, a total of 5314 As concentrations of Chinese coals were analyzed. The arithmetic mean of arsenic content in Chinese coals is 6.97 mg/kg. Choosing the percentage of provincial coal resources in national coal resources as the weighting factor, the weighted average of arsenic content in Chinese coals is 5.33 mg/kg. The content of arsenic in Chinese coals increases from the north to the south. High arsenic content in coal primarily occurs in southwestern Yunnan and certain coalfields in the Guizhou Province. Additionally, arsenic is enriched in the coals from some regions, i.e., the western Yunnan, Guangxi, Tibet, southwestern Liaoning, Jilin, and Henan. The arsenic content in coals of different coal-forming periods shows an overall regularity: Paleogene and Neogene > Late Triassic > Late Permian > Late
The report has been prepared based on the synthesis, analysis, and interpretation of information about the global Anthracite market collected from specialized sources. The report covers key technological developments in the recent times and profiles leading players in the market and analyzes their key strategies. The competitive landscape section of the report provides a clear insight into the market share analysis of key industry players. The major players in the global Anthracite market are Yang Quan Coal Industry (China), Shanxi Jincheng Anthracite Mining (China), Henan Shenhuo Coal & Power (China), Beijing Jingmei Group (China), Shanxi Lanhua Sci-Tech Venture (China), Siberian Anthracite (Russia), DTEK (Ukraine), VostokCoal (Russia), Sadovaya Group (Ukraine), Beijing Haohua Energy Resource (China), Union Corporate (China), Shenhua Group (China) etc ...
When employing hydraulic processes to increase gas drainage efficiency in underground coal mines, coal seams become a three-phase medium, containing water intruding into the coal pores with the inherent occurrence of gas. This can change the stress state of the coal and cause instability. This work studied the mechanical properties of coal containing water and gas and derived an appropriate failure criterion. Based on mixture theory of unsaturated porous media, the effective stress of coal, considering the interaction of water and gas, was analyzed, and the failure criterion established by combining this with the Mohr-Coulomb criterion. By introducing the stress factor of matrix suction and using fitted curves of experimentally determined matrix suction and moisture content, the relationships between coal strength, gas pressure, and moisture content were determined. To verify the established strength theory, a series of triaxial compression strength tests of coal containing water and gas were carried
1) No operator of a coalbed methane well may stimulate a coal seam without the written consent of each entity which, at the time that the coalbed methane operator applies for a drilling permit, is operating a coal mine, or has by virtue of his property rights in the coal the ability to operate a coal mine, located within a horizontal or vertical distance from the point of stimulation as established by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection. In seeking the coal operators consent, a coalbed methane well operator shall provide the coal operator with necessary information about such stimulation, including relevant information to ensure compliance with coal mine safety laws and rules.. (2) In the absence of a written consent pursuant to paragraph (1) and at the request of a coalbed methane operator, the Secretary of the Interior shall make a determination regarding stimulation of a coal seam. Such request shall include an affidavit which shall-. (A) state that an ...
The second to the last question during the presidential debate on Sunday night was about energy and how the candidates policies would influence the nations direction. With that, Donald Trump referenced clean coal, noting that theres enough coal to last 1,000 years. Lets examine that.. What is clean coal and is it technically feasible? Coal-fired power plants contribute a third of all man-made carbon emissions in the United States. The goal, though, is to gasify the coal and separate the carbon - before capturing and burying it. While such technologies have been demonstrated, they have yet to have much commercial appeal.. The United States, in fact, is investing $8 billion into the effort. But it has also pulled out of some high profile projects, given that the time tables and budgets keep getting stretched. And the Obama administration has said that it will continue to finance the effort, generally speaking, although it is harder argument to make now that natural gas prices are so ...
Biomass Briquette & Pellets Market Report provides complete information about manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, traders, customers, investors and major types as well as applications. Biomass Briquette & Pellets Market is segmented based on type, application, and region. The Biomass Briquette & Pellets Market report provides an in-depth overview of Product Specification, product type and production analysis considering major factors such as Revenue, Cost, Gross and Gross Margin.. With the slowdown in world economic growth, the Biomass Briquette & Pellets industry has also suffered a certain impact, but still maintained a relatively optimistic growth, the past four years, Biomass Briquette & Pellets market size to maintain the average annual growth rate of xx% from xxxx million $ in 2013 to xxxx million $ in 2016, BisReport analysts believe that in the next few years, Biomass Briquette & Pellets market size will be further expanded, we expect that by 2021 , The market size of the Biomass ...
Coal is India s most abundant resource, and it will continue to play a pivotal role in the country over the upcoming decades. There currently exist in India 82 coal-fired power plants, each of which uses around 1,000 tons of coal and produces about 13.34 tons of fly ash. Fly ash is, alone, a waste product and its responsible disposal poses a huge problem. From each power station, thousands of tons of fly ash are pumped into the ash ponds in the form of slurry (fly ash mixed with water) every day; these lagoons occupy millions of acres of agricultural land all over India. When coal is burned in a plant, two types of ash are produced: fly ash and bottom ash. Fly ash, otherwise known as pulverized fuel ash, is the residue of coal combustion and is comprised of very fine, powerdy glass-like particles. Because it is so fine, it is highly susceptible to wind erosion; its light color grayish white reflects more light than dirt, raising surface temperature. Bottom ash refers to the non
Bob Burton. Seemingly unrelated events in the last few weeks suggest that coals role in Indias future may be far more tenuous than widely portrayed.. From court rulings over pollution, to private power companies dumping coal projects in favour of solar, to Coal India revealing it doesnt know what to do about huge stockpiles of unwanted coal, Indias energy policy is in a state of flux.. Clearing the air. Just as public revulsion over air and water pollution has driven a dramatic shift in energy policy in China, it is increasingly coming to the fore in India too. While pollution from cars and burning rubbish are significant contributors, coal is coming in for its fair share of attention.. Late last week the Goa State Pollution Control Board, after reviewing data which showed air pollution at up to double permitted levels, directed subsidiaries of Adani and JSW to cut coal imports by 25 per cent through their facilities at Mormugao Port.. They also imposed a set of other conditions to cut coal ...
The first European settlers in Ohio recognized the presence of coal in natural outcrops in stream and river banks in the eastern part of the state. As the industrial revolution began, Ohio�s coal resources became increasingly important. One of the primary objectives of the first Geological Survey of Ohio in 1837-1838 was to survey the mineral resources of the state, particularly coal. Soon, coal was being mined as a fuel to heat homes and businesses. Development of the Ohio canal system in the 1830�s and 1840�s permitted easy transport of coal from mines to markets. By the mid 1800�s, railroads began to replace the canals, allowing for faster and more efficient delivery of coal to consumers. By the late 1800�s, mechanization and improvement of mining methods led to a steady increase in the production of Ohio coal. Much coal was used to make coke to fuel the many steel mills that dotted the upper Ohio River valley. Eventually, coal became the primary source of energy to generate ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Particle size dependence of coal volatile matter. T2 - Is there a non-maceral-related effect?. AU - Mathews, Jonathan P.. AU - Hatcher, Patrick G.. AU - Scaroni, Alan W.. PY - 1997/3. Y1 - 1997/3. N2 - Proximate analyses were conducted on different size fractions of pure vitrinite from two bituminous coals and demineralized vitrinite from one of the coals. CO2 surface areas were also determined, to aid in assessing the possible influence of pore diffusion of volatiles in particles of different sizes. The results implied that for comminuted coals, the particle size dependence of the measured volatile matter, after correction for effects of mineral matter, is due almost entirely to differences in maceral composition.. AB - Proximate analyses were conducted on different size fractions of pure vitrinite from two bituminous coals and demineralized vitrinite from one of the coals. CO2 surface areas were also determined, to aid in assessing the possible influence of pore diffusion of ...
Ontario had exactly the same amount of absolute megawatts derived from coal as we do now and their last plant closes this year. Its a tiny little plant. Its in Thunder Bay which only has 300 megawatts and its the last one to close and theyll have no more coal-fired power in that province.. And Ontario did it fast, it took them just over a decade and now they are practically off coal altogether. They kept the lights on and also integrated massive amounts of solar, wind and biomass into their grid. Nova Scotia is trending in that direction as well. For a place that has so heavily depended on coal-fired power for so long coal is now down to 59 per cent of the electricity mix and provincial law mandates that renewables be 25 per cent of the electricity mix by 2015.. At the event was Donna Kennedy-Glans, a Progressive Conservative MLA and recently appointed associate minister of a brand new portfolio - Electricity and Renewable Energy.. While she was cautious there were some positive ...
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Coal was mined in America in the early 18th century, and commercial mining started around 1730 in Midlothian, Virginia.[69]. The American share of world coal production remained steady at about 20 percent from 1980 to 2005, at about 1 billion short tons per year. The United States was ranked as the second highest coal producing country in the world in 2010, and possesses the largest coal reserves in the world. In 2008 then-President George W. Bush stated that coal was the most reliable source of electricity.[70] However, in 2011 President Barack Obama said that the US should rely more on clean sources of energy that emit lower or no carbon dioxide pollution.[71] For a time, while domestic coal consumption for electric power was being displaced by natural gas, exports were increasing.[72] US net coal exports increased ninefold from 2006 to 2012, peaked at 117 million short tons in 2012, then declined to 63 million tons in 2015. In 2015, 60% of net US exports went to Europe, 27% to Asia.US coal ...
Cerbera Manghas is a plant that is often used as urban greening so that this plant has the potential to be developed into a source of alternative fuel in Indonesia. The material of solid fuel briquette is waste leaves of Cerbera Manghas tree and tapioca flour are used as binder material. The composition of this briquette is 10% mass of tapioca flour and 90% mass of Cerbera Manghaswaste leaves. The highest heating value (HHV) of this briquette is 4167 Kcal/kg. The particle size of this briquette affects the physical and burning characteristics. This optimizesresearch particle size and pressure of the press machine during the briquette forming process. The two parameters were evaluated for the combustion characteristics include Flame temperature, Ignition timing, Burning time, and Combustion rate. The higher value of flame temperature,ignition time and burning time are caused by the greater the hydraulic pressure. Besides better the briquettesquality are obtained the smaller of combustion rate, ...
Dairyland Power Cooperative plans to close a coal-fired plant near La Crosse by the end of 2021. This decision comes as construction was just approved to build a $700 million natural gas plant in Superior. A reporter explains why the decision was made and how it is expected to impact about 80 workers.
AGL Energy (AGL.AX), Australias biggest power producer, came under pressure from the government on Wednesday to sell rather than close one of its coal-fired plants in 2022 to help keep the lights on in a market short on stable power supplies.
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In todays society with a globalized economy, countries around the world are pursuing efficiency while also pursuing environmentally sustainable development. Therefore, studying green coal logistics for environmental development and optimization is of great significance and practical value. On the basis of the green concept framework of coal logistics, this paper will determine the five main problems in the operation of green coal logistics and then propose seven improvement strategies to these five main problems by using TRIZ theory. Interpretative structural modeling (ISM) is used to establish a systematic development procedure of green coal logistics strategy to examine the development of green coal logistics. The analysis results of ISM indicate that, when developing green coal logistics, coal enterprises should retain the effective operation of the original operating mechanism. At the same time, enterprises should introduce a green coal logistics system and effectively merge the two to ...
A. For the purposes of this section:. Coal ash pond means any natural topographic depression, man-made excavation, or diked area that (i) is designed to hold an accumulation of coal combustion residuals and liquids; (ii) treats, stores, or disposes of coal combustion residuals; and (iii) is located in the Chesapeake Bay watershed at the Bremo Power Station in Fluvanna County, Chesapeake Energy Center in the City of Chesapeake, Chesterfield Power Station in Chesterfield County, or Possum Point Power Station in Prince William County.. Utility means the owner or operator of a coal ash pond.. B. No later than October 1, 2020, each utility shall submit to the Department a complete survey identifying all private wells and public water supply wells within 1.5 miles of any coal ash pond boundary. The utility shall use reasonable efforts to determine the locations of all such wells within 1.5 miles of the coal ash pond boundary and shall not rely solely on records maintained by the Virginia ...
particle size of coal used in coal fired power plants Size Of Coal Used In Coal Fired Power Plants- particle size of coal used in coal fired power plants How coalGet Price ...
Degasification and methane control in underground coal mining is an important area augmenting conventional ventilation in order to prevent possible fires and explosions due to excessive methane emissions. Coal bed reservoir engineering has been applied for many years to coalbed methane production. In recent years, modeling the flow and draining methane, not only from coal bed itself but also from the overlying strata, have been recognized as important areas of expertise for supplementing underground ventilation. This paper demonstrates the applications of coal bed reservoir engineering and modeling techniques for optimizing and controlling methane emissions in longwall and continuous miner sections. Practical applications and some considerations are presented for reservoir modeling, borehole performances, and face emission predictions for various coal bed and borehole configurations. A section on field reservoir studies and well bore log analyses for methane control are also presented as a ...
Steel plant coal preparation system project main coal preparation grinding mill equipments are the latest development of KEFID vertical grinding mills, they can combination the desulfurization, denitrification, dust removal device integrally mounted so pulverized coal boiler increased combustion efficiency, improve production capacity, while reducing pollutant emissions.. Coal production mill equipments: more than 10 sets ultra fine vertical grinding mill or VM series vertical grinding mill, machine rated power 600KW. Processing material: bituminous coal, 200 mesh = D80. Ultra fine vertical grinding mill. Input size: 38-55 mm. Final product size: 400-1250mesh. Capacity: 5-18t / h. LM series coal mill. Feed size: 38-65 mm. Capacity: 10-290T/h. PE jaw crusher. Feed size: 125-1200mm. Capacity: 5-1100T/h. KEFID large-scale grinding equipment vertical grinding mill is of stable operation, high yield, the small wearing wear parts and easy to replace, the device combines crushing, drying, grinding, ...
Article A process for synthesising polymeric ferric sulphate using sulphur dioxide from coal combustion. We propose a process that uses sulphur dioxide from coal combustion as a raw material to synthesise polymeric ferric sulphate (PFS), a water trea...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Interactive effects of maternal and environmental exposure to coal combustion wastes decrease survival of larval southern toads (Bufo terrestris). AU - Metts, Brian S.. AU - Buhlmann, Kurt A.. AU - Scott, David E.. AU - Tuberville, Tracey D.. AU - Hopkins, William A.. PY - 2012/5/1. Y1 - 2012/5/1. N2 - We conducted a mesocosm study to assess the individual and interactive effects of previous maternal exposure and larval exposure to trace element-laden sediments on southern toads (Bufo terrestris). Previous maternal exposure to coal combustion wastes (CCW) reduced larval survival to metamorphosis up to 57% compared to larvae of unexposed females. Larvae reared on CCW accumulated significant concentrations of trace elements resulting in extended larval periods, reduced growth rates, and reduced mass at metamorphosis. However, the effects were dependent on age of sediments, suggesting the effects of contaminants from CCW may be partially ameliorated over time through the reduced ...
p, ,a title=Download the presentation » href=/content/CommitteeDocuments/40th-parliament/1st-session/health/presentations/20131108/Presentation-HEALTH-40-1-Dr-Morgan-The-Canadian-Health-Care-System-A-brief-history-and-comparison-2013-NOV-08.pdf target=_blank, Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, ,em,The Canadian Health Care System: A brief history and comparison, ,/em,presentation the Select Standing Committee on Health ,/a,,/p,,p, ,a title=Download the presentation » href=/content/CommitteeDocuments/40th-parliament/1st-session/health/presentations/20131108/Presentation-HEALTH-40-1-Dr-Goldsmith-Health-Care-System-Structure-and-Delivery-2013-NOV-08.pdf target=_blank, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, ,em,Health Care System Structure and Delivery, ,/em,presentation to the Select Standing Committee on Health ,/a,,/p,,p, ,a title=Download the presentation » ...
A: the coal miners in Northern Shaanxi people in the underground smashed paralysis Sohu news Fugu County Road, coal vehicle Liu Tianhua lying in bed, some confused cover news reporter Diao Mingkang Shaanxi reported in Fugu if not a misfortune, Liu Tianhua (a pseudonym) never thought of leaving. He has lived here for 8 years, and his blood is full of memories of coal. But a drop from the clouds of coal, let him stand up from the strong body - the rest of his life, or will always and with paralysis. Fugu County, Shaanxi, the town of the Yellow River and the environment, with 200 tons of coal resources. 950 square kilometers of land, tens of thousands of scattered like Liu Tianhua from around the country who work. They are at the cost of health, the achievement of a city, but also the achievements of their own. With overcapacity and supply side reforms, some of them will leave the land. In late October 2016, the cover news (thecover) reporter came to Fugu, visited the coal miners. A lump of coal ...
A study released on Thursday finds that 39 sites in 21 states where coal-fired power plants dump their coal ash are contaminating water with toxic metals such as arsenic and other pollutants, and that the problem is more extensive than previously estimated.. The analysis of state pollution data by the Environmental Integrity Project, the Sierra Club and Earthjustice comes as the Environmental Protection Agency is considering whether to impose federally enforceable regulations for the first time. An alternative option would leave regulation of coal ash disposal up to the states, as it is now.. The EPA will hold the first of seven nationwide hearings about the proposed regulation Monday in Arlington, Va. A public comment period ends Nov. 19.. Renee Schoof reports for McClatchy Newspapers August 26, 2010. [2]. ...
A limitation of Sargas technology is that the system works under pressure and only a handful of coal-fired power plants so far use the so-called Pressurised Fluidised Bed Combustion technology -- in Sweden, Japan and Germany.. That means it can be used in new plants, including any burning natural gas, but cannot be easily retro-fitted at plants where exhaust gases come out at atmospheric pressure.. Its not a big technology for existing plants but for future plants it could be interesting ... theoretically you dont need so much energy, said Eva-Katrin Lindman, head of research and development at Fortum Varme.. Among other projects, WE Energy and Alstom Power Inc plan to start a test carbon capture facility at the Pleasant Prairie coal-fired plant in Wisconsin by the end of the year, using a system using chilled ammonia.. Sargas is working with aluminum producers Alcan and Norsk Hydro, French metals producer Eramet and Norwegian group Tinfos on plans to build a coal-fired power plant to ...
In solidarity with delegation member Elouise Brown, President of DDR Committee, the delegation and supporters staged a protest/rally at Sithe Global Power, LLC at 245 Park Avenue on the morning of Friday April 25th at 9:30am. Sithe Global Power formed and partnered with Desert Rock Energy Company to build a destructive mine-mouth coal-fired power plant ini the Four Corners Area of the Navajo Nation in New Mexico. It would be the third coal-fired plant in an area where the community is already suffering from respiratory and skin ailments and other health problems associated with the existing coal-burning power plants. Although their is an Environmental Impact Statement pending, it did not incorporate or address what the cumulative impacts of all three power plants and the existing uranium contamination would be. ...
Like most other steam-producing electricity plants, coal units typically withdraw and consume water from nearby water bodies such as lakes, rivers or oceans, to create steam for turning their turbines.. The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) reports that a typical coal-fired power plant employing a once-through cooling system withdraws 70−180 billion gallons of water every year and consumes 0.36-1.1 billion gallons of it. A coal plant with a wet-recirculating cooling system extracts only a fraction of that figure, but still consumes 1.7−4.0 billion gallons a year, while a dry-cooled system uses much less.. Around 53% of US coal plants use once-through cooling and 40% wet-recirculating systems. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that dry-cooling facilities produce around 7% less power than wet-recirculating plants; hence, under 1% of units use this technology.. Water also plays a pivotal role in coal mining and transportation. In addition to burying streams, contaminating ...
In 2005, the province of Ontario began a process that would eventually lead to the phasing out of its coal-fired power plants, the largest of which were the Lambton and Nanticoke facilities in southern Ontario. The rationale for shuttering these plants was a 2005 cost-benefit analysis that assumed that about $3 billion in annual savings to the health care system would come from the reduction of smog-related air contaminants. However, that analysis, and another one done for the province the same year on the effects of cross-border air pollution, reported that the phase-out of coal would have only very modest effects on Ontario air quality, which is consistent with emissions inventory data showing that electric power generation was a minor contributor to particulate and ozone pollution at the time. The cost savings estimate came from assuming very large health effects associated with very small changes in air pollution.. In the aftermath of the coal phase-out, and the extremely costly changes to ...
Nevada power company NV Energy Inc proposed a plan to accelerate the retirement of itscoal-fired generating facilities and the construction of naturalgas and renewable power plants. NV Energy proposed its so-called NVision plan to reducecarbon and other emissions on Wednesday as an amendment toNevada Senate Bill 123, which revises several of the statesrenewable and other energy policies. This proposal by NV Energy is part of a growing trend withU.S. Western power companies to reduce greenhouse gas and otheremissions by shutting coal-fired power plants. Over the next 10 years, NV Energy proposed to accelerate theretirement of its 553-megawatt (MW) Reid Gardner coal plant insouthern Nevada and end its interest in the 2,250-MW Navajo coalplant in north central Arizona. There are four units at Reid Gardner. The three 100-MW Units1, 2 and 3 are currently scheduled to shut in 2020 and the255-MW Unit 4 is expected to shut in 2023, according to NVEnergy. Under the NVision plan, the company
|em| VietNamNet Bridge|/em| - Air pollution from Vietnamese coal-fired power plants killed 4,300 people in 2011, and plants arent reducing emissions any time soon, according to a recent Harvard University study.
The Navy this week broke ground on a project that will tear down its last coal-fired power plant, both a practical and a symbolic gesture as the military seeks to cut both energy costs and carbon emissions.
Natural News) No one in their right mind wants to breathe dirty air or leave our country and our earth worse off for the next generation and beyond. That includes conservatives and capitalists who are always accused by the Left as wanting to destroy the planet.. That said, there has to be a better balance between sustainable environmental policies and meeting the needs of a modern society. Yet thanks to record-cold temperatures this winter, were seeing that in parts of the country dominated by Left-wing politics, decisions involving policy and infrastructure have lacked a rationality factor.. For years, progressive environmentalism forced on power companies throughout New England have resulted in reductions in the number of coal-fired power plants. There has been so much loss of capacity that today, as temperatures plunge and demand for power rises, operators are struggling to meet the needs of the people. And the mass failure of the electric grid during this record cold will mean people ...
Ontario Power Generation (OPG) is now in the process of converting the 211 MW coal-fired Atikokan Generating Station in northwestern Ontario to biomass. On Sept. 11 the plant burned its last piece of coal, according to the Ontario Ministry of Energy.. The project includes plant modifications to provide peak capacity, along with the construction of a fuel storage and handling system that can handle up to 90,000 tons of biomass annually.. The new biomass plant is expected to generate more than 200 MW when completed in 2014.. Since 2003, Ontario has shut down 11 of its 19 coal-fired units.. Read more biomass energy news [Native Advertisement] ...
Optimizing and Characterizing Geopolymers from Ternary Blend of Philippine Coal Fly Ash, Coal Bottom Ash and Rice Hull AshOptimizing and Characterizing Geopolymers from Ternary Blend of Philippine Coal Fly Ash, Coal Bottom Ash and Rice Hull Ash ...
July 14, 2008 - Closing coal-fired power plants can have a direct, positive impact on childrens cognitive development and health according to a study released by the Columbia Center for Childrens Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia Universitys Mailman School of Public Health. The study allowed researchers to track and compare the development of two groups of children born in Tongliang, a city in Chinas Chongqing Municipality - one in utero while a coal-fired power plant was operating in the city and one in utero after the Chinese government had closed the plant. Among the first group of children, prenatal exposure to coal-burning emissions was associated with significantly lower average developmental scores and reduced motor development at age two. In the second unexposed group, these adverse effects were no longer observed; and the frequency of delayed motor developmental was significantly reduced. The study findings are published in the July 14th Environmental Health ...
In March 2010, Colorados largest utility Xcel Energy promised to cut air pollution over the next seven years. It will do so by either retiring Front Range coal-fired power plants or replacing them with natural gas and other sources of power. The company is required to submit plans by Aug. 15 to the state Public Utilities Commissions to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions at coal plants by up to 80 percent over the next eight years.[4]. In August, 2010 Xcel filed its plan to curb emissions from its coal-fired power plants along the front range. The plan stated that Xcel would shut down the Cherokee Stations fourth coal-fired generator by 2022 and replace it with a new, natural gas-fired generator. Xcels plan also called for the shutdown of Cherokees three other coal units before 2017, as well as the construction of a new natural gas plant.. However, in late September 2010, the Colorado public health department and the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) went after Xcels $1.3 billion plan to curb ...
The Public Service Commission of Wisconsin approved plans to upgrade the coal-fired Columbia Energy center. Technology and equipment investments are expected to cost $130 million.. Wisconsin Power and Light, a subsidiary of Alliant Energy (NYSE: LNT), plans to replace 12 pulverizers and upgrade two steam turbines at the plant. The upgrades are expected to increase the plants operating capacity by 10 percent.. Construction is expected to begin in 2015 and take two years to complete.. Subscribe to Power Engineering magazine [Native Advertisement] ...
Local, regional, and national conservation groups condemned the proposal.. This coal mine expansion proposal brings Trumps dirty energy agenda to Colorado, said Matt Reed, public lands director for Gunnison County-based High Country Conservation Advocates. Pristine forests, abundant wildlife, clean water, and a healthy snowpack are the cornerstones of our local economy and quality of life, and this destructive proposal threatens all of these values.. The Colorado mine expansion plan follows high-profile Trump actions to allow coal mines and coal-fired power plants to foul Americas air and water, including killing rules meant to stop mines from dumping millions of tons of metal-laced waste rock into streams, rolling back measures limiting arsenic, lead and mercury pollution poured into rivers and lakes by coal-fired power plants, gutting protections that limit health-threatening air pollutants from such plants, and, last week, terminating Americas commitment to reduce planet-heating ...
Local, regional, and national conservation groups condemned the proposal.. This coal mine expansion proposal brings Trumps dirty energy agenda to Colorado, said Matt Reed, public lands director for Gunnison County-based High Country Conservation Advocates. Pristine forests, abundant wildlife, clean water, and a healthy snowpack are the cornerstones of our local economy and quality of life, and this destructive proposal threatens all of these values.. The Colorado mine expansion plan follows high-profile Trump actions to allow coal mines and coal-fired power plants to foul Americas air and water, including killing rules meant to stop mines from dumping millions of tons of metal-laced waste rock into streams, rolling back measures limiting arsenic, lead and mercury pollution poured into rivers and lakes by coal-fired power plants, gutting protections that limit health-threatening air pollutants from such plants, and, last week, terminating Americas commitment to reduce planet-heating ...
Information relating to occupational pulmonary disease morbidity and mortality of coal miners available up to 1995 was reviewed in the NIOSH publication: Criteria for a Recommended Standard - Occupational Exposure to Respirable Coal Mine Dust, or Coal Criteria Document (CCD). This led to the following principal conclusions concerning health effects associated with coal mining: 1. Exposure to coal
UK to shut down coal-fired power plants by 2025 The UK plans to shut down all its coal-fired power plants by 2025 and replace the energy source largely with natural gas, the Energy and Climate Change Secretary Amber Rudd announced Wednesday.. By Gretchen Frazee. ...
Enviro-Mich message from Dave Dempsey ,[email protected], ------------------------------------------------------------------------- FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: John Rebers, 906-227-1585 December 1, 1998 Lana Pollack, Dave Dempsey, 517-487-9539 DEQ GIVES PRAISE, SPECIAL SERVICES TO ONE OF STATES DIRTIEST POWER PLANTS The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality today designated one of Michigans dirtiest coal-fired power plants, famous for the reddish-brown plume of smoke it sends over Lake Superior, as a Clean Corporate Citizen. In Marquette, the DEQ Director presented the designation to Wisconsin Electric Power Plant Companys Presque Isle Power Plant, which ranks among the worst sources in the state of pollutants that contribute to smog, contaminate sportfish, and harm the respiratory health of children and the elderly (see attachment). In 1996 the plant ranked 6th highest among Michigans coal-fired power plants for emissions of nitrogen oxides (10,898 tons) and 7th highest for ...
Health, ...July 14 2008 Closing coal-fired power plants can have a direct posi... This study provides direct evidence that governmental action to elimi...To conduct the study researchers from CCCEH partnered with physicians...,Closing,coal-burning,power,plant,in,China,and,improved,cognitive,development,in,children,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Respirable particles of high-percentage silica content from anthracite and bituminous coal mine dust samples were analyzed for aluminosilicate clay surface coating, by measuring silicon and aluminum X-ray spectra using scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDS). Silicon and aluminum elemental ratios were determined with incident electron energies of 20 and 5 keV to reveal whether surface occlusion was present. Some 20 respirable-sized, non-agglomerated particles with silicon fraction of signal of 75% or more (for elements above sodium) were analyzed for each of 12 coal mine dust samples. Mine dust samples were from U.S. anthracite and bituminous coal mining regions involved in epidemiological studies of the U.S. National Study of Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis. Some particles of high-percentage silica content exhibited a decrease in the ratio of silicon-to-aluminum K-alpha line intensities with decreasing electron beam accelerating voltage, consistent with aluminosilicate clay
The Environmental Protection Agency is currently working to establish common-sense standards for pollution such as smog, particulate matter, carbon dioxide, mercury, and arsenic. The agency is gathering public comment on its Mercury and Air Toxics Rule, greenhouse gas standards are nearly finalized, and an ozone and smog rule is under development. These measures will protect public health, save millions of dollars on health care costs, improve workplace safety and productivity, and create much needed jobs.. Mercury pollution from coal-fired power plants contributes to the contamination of our fisheries and puts Montanans at risk, especially women and children. And although Montana is one of 19 states that have a standard for mercury emissions, mercury pollution does not respect state boundaries, which is why it is so important that the EPA regulate coal-fired power plants throughout the United States, because many states have not developed their own mechanisms for reduction. According to the ...
This long-awaited effort to reduce toxic air pollution from oil and coal-fired power plants means cleaner air and healthier waters for Colorado, said Jim Martin, EPAs regional administrator in Denver. The Mercury and Air Toxics Standards will protect Colorados families from harmful pollution and will generate health benefits and economic investments that far outweigh the costs of compliance. EPA estimates the new Mercury and Air Toxics Standards will prevent up to 140 premature deaths and create $1.1 billion in health benefits annually in Colorado beginning in 2016, when the rules become fully effective. Mercury has been shown to harm the nervous systems of children exposed in the womb, impairing thinking, learning and early development. Other pollutants that will be reduced by these standards can cause cancer, premature death, heart disease, and asthma. The standards will apply to generating units at a dozen coal-fired power plants in Colorado and will reinforce the States efforts to ...
Calls for TransAlta to reduce emissions grew louder last week as a Seattle-based coalition released a report detailing what it called an extremely dangerous level of mercury at the plant, about a month before the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is expected to propose new mercury-emission requirements.. Environment Washington, a citizen-driven environmental advocacy group, held a news conference Thursday at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys Seattle office, in which it released findings in a report titled Dirty Energys Assault on Our Health: Mercury.. The report, compiled by Shelley Vinyard and Lauren Randall of the groups research and policy center, warned about the effects of mercury contamination in the food and water supply - and ranked 451 electric utilities throughout the nation that emit mercury.. Christopher Brewer reports for the Centralia (WA) Chronicle January 31, 2011. [2]. ...
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1. 1. Greenhouse gas emissions and climate change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. 1. 1. Emissions and concentrations of greenhouse gases 3 1. 1. 2. Impact of increasing greenhouse gases concentration
In the weeks before the announcement, battle lines were being drawn. For instance, the U.S. Chamber of -Commerce, a business group, estimated the proposal would cost the nation $50 billion per year through 2030. The World Resources Institute, an environmental think tank, claimed the U.S. can easily reduce CO2 through existing policies. Some in Congress threatened to derail or stall the proposal.. ...
MindaNews is the news service arm of the Mindanao Institute of Journalism. It is composed of independent, professional journalists who believe and practice people empowerment through media.. 23C Saturn St. GSIS Subdivision, Davao City Philippines Tel. No.: 082 297 4360 editor [at] mindanews.com ...
Green Left is not-for-profit, activist media, carrying the news, analysis & debates of environmental and social justice campaigns and movements.
Particle sizing by laser diffraction provides a prospective method for real-time detection of weight and size information of coal mine dust. Quickness, accuracy and ability to measure total and respirable dust weighs are some of the basic requirements for inversion method of the coal mine dust transducer. This paper presents a quick inversion scheme that can be referred to as pattern recognition of laser diffraction field. Single-chip computer system simulation results show that this method not only furnishes excellent estimates of both total and respirable dust weights in a very short time but also features high anti- noise ability and stability ...
GRAND JUNCTION - New coal mining rules that go into effect in August are designed to decrease the hundreds of deaths that still occur from black lung disease. But the costly new rules are not popular with all miners and mine operators.. Officials from the Mine Safety and Health Administration spent more than five hours Thursday explaining the new regulations to dozens of coal mine operators and miners. The gathering in Grand Junction was the last of a series of seven meetings held around the country in states with coal mines.. We still see miners getting black lung, said Kevin Stricklan, administrator of Coal Mine Safety and Health for MSHA. Two hundred and eighty people die every year from respirable illness. Since 1968, over 76,000 miners have died.. To drop the numbers of what is medically called pneumoconiosis and to cut the $45 billion paid out in federal compensation, MSHA is instituting the first changes to coal mine dust rules since 1969.. Curt Floyd, a miner for 18 years with Signal ...
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The process ...wherein the coal subjected to treatment with said Group I-A and Group II-A compounds is a bituminous coal (and) wherein the Group I-A metal is sodium or potassium (and) wherein the Group II-A metal is calcium.. Background and Summary: Before the turn of the century it was known that hydrocarbon gases and liquids, tars and chemicals could be obtained not only from petroleum, but from coal ... .. (Something we seem to have forgotten by the turn of the following century.). Very early processes employed destructive distillation, coal being transformed into gases and petroleum-like liquid products. Primary emphasis in many of these processes is on gasification of the coal with the objective of improving processes for the production of water gas, producer gas, or hydrogen, as opposed to the production of coal liquids.. (Currently) intensive research and development efforts are now underway to produce synthetic high-BTU, intermediate-BTU and synthesis fuel gases for commercial ...
United States Patent: 4476009. Herein we see that Texaco, prior to their acquisition by Chevron, continued to develop Coal conversion and liquefaction technologies, as per a number of our previous reports, into the 1980s.. Perhaps of interest in this example is further confirmation of the fact that primary Coal oils can be hydrogenated, through pretty standard petroleum refinery techniques, and thereby made to function as the agents of hydrogenation and liquefaction for more raw Coal.. Of special interest could be the fact that this Texaco process might represent a better way of using such Coal-derived Coal solvents, as opposed to WVUs West Virginia Process for the direct liquefaction of Coal, wherein, as we understand it, the primary Coal oil, Naphthalene, is first hydrogenated to form the solvent, Tetralin, which is then used to hydrogenate and liquefy more raw Coal.. As seen in, and as we emphasize following, excerpts from:. United States Patent 4,476,009 - Improving Hydrogen Donor ...
There are various different types of machinery used in the coal mining industry which produce excessive noise. The type of machinery used can often depend on the type of mine which is in operation - compare an open cast mine with a deep pit mine and compare working on the surface with working underground.. Some of the typical machinery used underground in coal mining which is known to produce damage to hearing to miners, include:. 1. Face shearers. This machinery is known to produce noise levels sometimes as high as 120 DB and is used to cut along the face of the coal seam - allowing the coal to collapse into a space beneath whilst miners remain at a safe distance in areas supported by beams.. This technique of coal mining is sometimes known as long wall mining as the face shearer runs along the length of the coal face in an underground mine.. 2. Heading cutters. Heading cutters are a type of boring machinery used to bore out tracks in mines for trains to operate along and for other facilities ...
Residents of Xuan Wei County in China have unusually high lung cancer mortality that cannot be attributed to tobacco use or occupational exposure. They are exposed to smoke from unvented, open pit coal or wood fires (often used for cooking and heating). The variation in lung cancer rates among communes within the county suggests that indoor combustion of smoky coal may be the prime determinant of lung cancer. To characterize the air in Xuan Wei homes, samples of the air particles and semivolatile organics were collected from homes located in communes with different lung cancer rates. Samples collected in the commune in which the lung cancer rate is high and smoky coal is the predominant fuel contained high concentrations of submicron particles with high organic content; organic extracts of these samples were mutagenic. Samples from homes in a wood-burning commune, which has a low lung cancer rate, consisted mostly of larger particles of lower organic content and mutagenicity. The smoky coal ...
CHENGDU, Oct. 24 (Xinhua) -- A joint China-Pakistan coal-fired power plant signed a loan contract with banks in southwest Chinas Sichuan Province.. Hubco Coal Power Plant raised 1.5 billion U.S. dollars from a consortium of banks led by China Development Bank.. Construction of the power plant, costing about 2 billion U.S. dollars, began in March by China Power Hub Generation Company, a joint venture between Pakistans Hub Power Holdings Ltd. and China Power International Investment Ltd.. With a total capacity of 1.32 gigawatts, the project comprises two coal-based power plants with capacity of 660 MW each.. The power plant is expected to start operations in August 2019, eventually producing 9 billion kwh, meeting needs of 4 million Pakistani households and create 10,000 jobs in the country.. It is also one of the projects of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, which connects Kashgar in northwest Chinas Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region with Gwadar Port. ...
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Coal mine spoils (CMSs), the solid wastes originated from the rock formations and soil cover overlying or interbedded with coal seams, are a worldwide environmental management challenge. Previous studies have shown that salinity is of most concern among the CMSs environmental impacts, especially in Australia. With increasing concerns from both the governments and communities, there is a real need for the coal mining industry to understand the source, dynamics and management options of CMS salinity. We reviewed the general properties of CMSs from coal mine sites worldwide and the current understanding of the CMS salinity, which are in a limited number of available published reports. Properties (e.g., pH, electrical conductivity and hydraulic conductivity) of studied CMSs varied largely due to its complex lithological origination. A conceptual model was proposed to illustrate the origin, dispersion paths and transformations dynamics of salts in spoils, taking the scenario of a coal mine in ...
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JOHANNESBURG (miningweekly.com) - Coal mining and trading company Minergy on Thursday reported both a quantity and quality boost to its Masama coal project in Botswana.. The company, headed by CEO Andre Bojé, plans to build an opencast coal mine at Masama with the potential to produce 2.4-million tonnes of coal a year.. Its focus will be on delivering quality coal to the regional market, including Botswana and South Africa, as well as to the export market.. All project timelines have been met, making Bojé confident of the project being in production in the third quarter of 2018.. Meanwhile, drilling and exploration has provided a 12% fillip to its coal resource, along with competent persons quality uptick.. The total coal resource has risen to 389.9-million tonnes, with the 82.3-million-tonne opencast area hosting a 25-year life-of-mine, which a release to Creamer Medias Mining Weekly Online described as being good news for the Botswana Stock Exchange-listed Minergy.. Located in the ...
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2017-3-1 · Coal-fired boiler advantages. Coal-fired boiler is an industrial or utility boiler that generates thermal energy by burning coal that is put into the firebox.Bituminous, anthracite, lignite, lean coal, coke are available for Coal fired boiler. Coal fired boiler is still very necessary and popular in areas where the oil and gas are beyond.It plays a significant role in fuel costs savings.. Get a quote ...
Use of treated sewage instead of fresh water in coal power plants is not feasible as about 87% of coal-fired power plants of nearly 200 GW have no access to treated sewage water, said a Greenpeace India report
Recovery energy from municipal solid waste and biomass are one of the leading methods to achieve maximum energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. My research mainly includes two projects, novel biomass-supported sorbent for coal combustion emission control and fundamental study of biomass fast pyrolysis in the presence of alkaline earth metals. The first research project was collaborated with Accordant Energy LLC. on the development of ReEngineered Feedstock (ReEF), consisting of sorbent containing post-recycled paper and plastics. ReEF was evaluated in a laboratory-scale fluidized bed combustor system. The results indicate that co-firing ReEF with coal provides SO2 reduction in flue gas up to 85% as well as higher carbon conversion than pure coal combustion. Sulfation kinetics of ReEF combustion were evaluated in a drop-tube reactor. Sulfation of calcium hydroxide in ReEF was delayed due to RDF combustion when compared with pure calcium hydroxide sorbent. The second project ...
RIN: 1219-AB64). (i) Cost-benefit analysis. MSHA estimates that the first-year cost of the final rule will be $61 million and the annualized cost of the final rule at a 7 percent discount rate will be $28.1 million. MSHA estimates that the net benefits of the final rule are positive, with annualized net benefits of $12.1 million at a discount rate of 3 percent, and negative with annualized net benefits of -$8.1 million at a discount rate of 7 percent. Under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act, MSHA is not required to use estimates of net benefits as the basis for its regulatory decisions. The net benefits at both the 3 and 7 percent discount rates do not include the benefits associated with sampling over a full-shift using the CPDM as well as several other provisions of the final rule. These provisions, although not quantified, will significantly reduce coal mine dust exposures and the incidences of other lung disease and significantly increase benefits.. (ii) Agency actions relevant to the ...
Sulfur is a component present in coal whose composition is about 1-2% by weight. When coal is used as an energy source it will liberate sulfur oxide or SOx gas. SOx is a highly toxic gas and one of the gases that causes acid rain. Therefore, coal desulfurization is very important to reduce the environmental impact caused by SOx. In this research, coal desulfurization has been conducted using Alkyl-alginate surfactant as surface tension reduction agent in coal washing process. The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of surfactant in washing water and to determine the rate of water flow containing surfactant on the percentage of sulfur reduction. The material used in this research was Indonesian coal from South Sumatera. The selected flow rate variations were 750, 1250, 1500, 2500 and 3750 (ml/min) and surfactant concentrations in range of (0.0625, up to 0.375) grams/liter). The results showed that the largest percentage of coal sulfur reduction obtained at a flow rate of ...
Coal; the NCB Magazine. 1952. John Chilton (1 May 2004). Who's Who of British Jazz: 2nd Edition. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 193 ...
Nearly half of the world's population, approximately 3 billion people, use solid fuels such as coal, wood, animal dung, and ... Stoves not using raw dry biomass fuels: Charcoal; alcohol; refined fossils; coal; biogas; electric; solar. Multi-mode capable ...
Mineral matter-organic matter association characterisation by QEMSCAN and applications in coal utilisation. Fuel, 84, 10, 1259- ... These include the following sectors: mining; O&G; coal; environmental sciences; forensic geosciences; archaeology;agribusiness ...
Canvas or "brattice-work" divides the two, and the vast labyrinthian passages along which coal has been or is being worked are ... Glossary of coal mining terminology "The Hartley Pit Disaster". The Illustrated London News (1129). January 25, 1862. p. 81. " ... In an 1868 article titled "Coal" in the All the Year Round periodical, the author describes the workings of a ventilation shaft ... Charles Dickens (ed.) (1868). "Coal". All the Year Round. 19: 328.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link). ...
Non-coking coal is available in five workable seams. The moisture content of the coals varies from 8 to 11% and the volatile ... Bulk of the coal is up to a depth of 300 m. "Occurrence of Coal in India". geologydata.info. Retrieved 1 May 2012. "Maharashtra ... "Coal Resources of India (As on 1.1.2004)" (PDF). Coal Wing, Geological Survey of India, Kolkata. Archived from the original ( ... "Nagpur District Gazzetteers". Coal. Retrieved 1 May 2012. "Geological and Geographical Distribution of Coalfields in India". ...
It was obliterated by the development of the Blair Athol coal mine. Early settler James MacLaren took up a pastoral run in the ... By the 1970s, it became apparent that there were significant coal seams under the town. In order to construct an open cut mine ... By 1873, early shafts were dug, revealing extensive seams of coal. At that time, around 100 people were living in the town and ... Menghetti, Diane (1995), Blair Athol : the life and death of a town, Blair Athol Coal Project, ISBN 978-0-646-26909-2 "Blair ...
... and Elk Run Coal Company, Inc. #50. As of 2017, the coal industry accounted for 2% of state employment. Coal is one of the ... Coal is rarely used now for home heating. Most coal today is used by power plants to produce electricity, both in West Virginia ... "Coal facts". West Virginia Mine Safety. "State Exports via West Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau. "Coal". West Virginia Department ... followed by Consolidation Coal Company at #9, Allegheny Energy Service Corporation #19, Eastern Associated Coal Corporation #31 ...
Coal. Snow. Blood. Fire. Cheekbones. Let's do that." Ago, 11 Hours (2019-04-10). "Scripted Hot Pick: Wisting". TBI Vision. ...
3] [4] Coal Camp USA: Coalfields of the Appalachian Mountains Coal Mining in the British Isles (Northern Mine Research Society ... "COAL". Pakistaneconomist.com. Retrieved 26 January 2017. [2] "Coal Mining in Pakistan - Overview". Mbendi.co.za. 10 October ... 1] "UK COAL RESOURCE FOR NEW EXPLOITATION TECHNOLOGIES : Mining and New Technologies Summary Map" (PDF). Ukogl.org.uk. ... Renewed interest in industrial heritage and coal mining history has brought the old names of the coalfields before a larger ...
China's coal washing and dressing technologies and abilities have constantly improved and coal liquefaction and underground ... China had one trillion tons of confirmed coal reserves and an estimated five trillion tons of coal reserves and 48.7 billion ... Starting in the 1980s, China has invested hugely into creating a number of large-scale modern coal mines, contributing to the ... Major industries include mining and ore processing; iron and steel; aluminum; coal; machinery; armaments; textiles and apparel ...
"Coal". Oklahoma Encyclopedia Online (PDF). Oklahoma Department of Libraries. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-04. "Comanche". Oklahoma ...
"coal". Online Etymology Dictionary - via etymonline.com. "collie". Online Etymology Dictionary - via etymonline.com. " ... which has the same root as coal. (The official collie breeds were not formed until about 10 or 15 years after the Kelpie was ...
Annual rental fees for coal are $3 per acre. Royalties are 12.5% of the gross value for surface mined coal and 8% for coal ... Coal and oil shale leases are generally for 20 year periods, while oil and natural gas leases are generally for 10 year periods ... Coal. . Full text of the act US Bureau of Land Management: Oil and Gas. ... is a United States federal law that authorizes and governs leasing of public lands for developing deposits of coal, petroleum, ...
Coal samples are generally mounted in carnauba wax, providing sufficient contrast to allow for separation of the sample from ... As a result, it has commercial and scientific applications in mining and mineral processing; O&G; coal; environmental sciences ... Mineral matter-organic matter association characterisation by QEMSCAN and applications in coal utilisation. Fuel, 84, 10, 1259- ... the mounting medium, and subsequent measurement of coal and macerals. QEMSCAN consists of proprietary software package ...
Most coal production is of bituminous and sub-bituminous coals, and most of this is exported. Oil and gas is produced from 21 ... Coal is produced from 18 opencast mines. Over 80% of New Zealand's coal reserves are contained in Southland lignite deposits. ... "Operating coal mine production figures". New Zealand Petroleum and Minerals. 30 May 2017. "Coal". Energy Statistics. MBIE. 4 ...
These mills were only used in coal mines, where a risk of explosive firedamp gas made candle lighting unsafe. Caution was ... Calvin, Ronnie (2000). "Coal". In Cameron, Alastair (ed.). Lakeland's Mining Heritage. Cumbria Amenity Trust Mining History ... used in coal mining during the 1800s. These lamps consisted of a steel disk, rotated at high speed by a crank mechanism. ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Paris Prix COAL 2014" (PDF). COAL. Retrieved 24 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged ... 2014, Prix COAL, art et environnement 2014, Prix du jury à La Biennale De L'UMAM pour l'oeuvre Corps en Résonance 2011, Talent ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Duponchelle, Valérie (April 15, 2014). "Prix COAL : art et écologie, même combat". Le ...
The present-day city of Hartshorne began as a coal mining community about 1850. Coal mine operators in the Indian Territory ... The Choctaw Coal and Railway (CC&R) line, acquired by the town, was incorporated in 1887 and began building a 67 miles (108 km ... "Coal." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed February 11, 2017. Beaty, James. "Starting the second 100 years: ... who was attracted by the potential profits offered by coal deposits in the area. ...
"Stanford's Coal Divestment: Meet 2 Students-And 1 President-Who Made It Happen". yesmagazine.org. Retrieved June 30, 2019. " ... beyond coal; and alternative energy sources". He was president emeritus of Stanford University, Bing Professor of Environmental ...
Arch Coal, Inc.; and USEC Inc. He served as the first chairman of Arch Coal Company and retired from that position in December ... "Ashland signs agreement to merge 2 coal companies". Courier-Journal. April 5, 1997. Dorfman, Brad (December 22, 1999). "Bank ... coal mining; road construction, heavy equipment manufacturing, and insurance marketing. Most of that portfolio was related to ...
Fox, Randy (13 February 2014). "Irene Kelley's roots run deep through Pennsylvania Coal". Nashville Scene. Retrieved 2 July ... Recker, Scott (12 February 2014). "Pennsylvania Coal". PopMatters. Retrieved 5 July 2016. Clementi, Tyler (8 February 2015). " ...
Coal in Raniganj formation is found in Mejia CD block. The seams at shallow depth have non-coking coal suitable for use in ... There are coal mines in Saltora, Mejia and Barjora. The soil is laterite red and hard beds are covered with scrub jungle and ... "Natural Resources at Bankura". Minerals - coal. Bankura district authority. Retrieved 25 August 2016. "Mejia Cement Plant" (PDF ...
Robens's period at the National Coal Board was mentioned in the folk songs of the period. Ed Pickford, who was a miner in the ... His behaviour earned him the nickname "Old King Coal", a pun on Old King Cole. However, he threw himself into the job with ... According to Ronald Dearing, then a part-time member of the NCB, Richard Marsh was advised that Robens was "taking the coal ... He chose the subject "Coal - Its Place in the National Economy". As Chairman of the NCB, Robens oversaw substantial cuts in the ...
"Coal Mining at McKinley". Coal Diver. January 29, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2013. Donovan, Bill (September 24, 2009). " ... "Mckinley Coal Mine Mining Property in United States, New Mexico". PropertyMine. Infomine.com. March 7, 2013. Retrieved November ... McKinley Mine was an open-pit coal mine, owned by Chevron Corporation, and located in McKinley County, New Mexico. The mine ...
... coal tip; plus associated offices and mess rooms. On the opposite side of the tracks, the CR later built its own railway works ... and a GWR standard-pattern single-ramp coaling stage. A further improvement programme occurred in 1939, when the wooden roof ...
"Why Premier Coal". Premier Coal. Retrieved 10 September 2014. "Our History". Griffin Coal. Archived from the original on 29 ... Coal was discovered in the area by a shepherd named George Marsh in the early 1880s. The coal fields were developed in the late ... There are two coal mines in the town and three power stations. The government of Western Australia will soon[when?] commission ... The Griffin Coal mine is owned by the Indian company Lanco Infratech. Collie has five primary schools, Allanson Primary School ...
Wild Coal. Paris: Club des Étudiants d'Anglais (Sorbonne). (1963) En toute candeur. Paris: Mercure de France. (1964) The Cold ...
"Coal Mining and Durham Collieries". www.durhamrecordoffice.org.uk. 28 November 2016. "About Coal Mining in County Durham". www. ... The growth of this industry occurred alongside the coal industry, as the railways provided a fast, efficient means to move coal ... Today no deep-coal mines exist in the county and numbers attending the Miners' Gala decreased over the period between the end ... Coal mining continued to decline and pits closed. The UK miners' strike of 1984/5 caused many miners across the county to ...
Work slowed down as the war started to go wrong for Japan, and resources (in particular, coal) became more and more scarce. By ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Tianjin Port". Coal China. 2010-09-28. Retrieved 2012-01-05. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
Coal burner. Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 4-6-4 #490: The last surviving C&O "Streamlined" Hudson built in 1946. Chesapeake & ...
News Release - Arch Coal Winning Bidder for South Hilight Coal Lease. *^ Mining Weekly - Arch Coal sells Utah thermal coal ... Arch Coal Completes Acquisition of Triton Coal Company. *^ News Release - Arch Coal, Inc. Successful Bidder for Federal Coal ... News Release - Arch Coal Acquires Interest in Knight Hawk Coal. *^ News Release - Arch Coal Completes Acquisition of Jacobs ... "Arch Coal, Inc. Annual Report including form 10k" (PDF).. *^ a b "U.S. Energy Information Administration 2011 Annual Coal ...
Coal Run may refer to: Coal Run, Ohio Coal Run (North Branch Buffalo Creek), a stream in Union County, Pennsylvania Coal Run ( ... novel), a novel by Tawni ODell Coal Run (Shamokin Creek), a stream in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania Coal Run Village, ...
... or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen. It is of higher quality ... High volatile content coals, while easy to ignite often are not as prized as moderately volatile coals; low volatile coal may ... than lignite coal but of poorer quality than anthracite coal.. Bituminous coal is an organic sedimentary rock formed by ... measured by coal dilatation tests. Low phosphorus content is vital for these coals, as phosphorus is a highly deleterious ( ...
Name of coal deposit (Source: TM). Character field Dep_age. Generalized geologic age of coal-bearing territory or coal deposit ... Region topology was built on the basis of coal-territory and coal deposit name attribute.. Date: Jan-2001 (change 3 of 4). ... with indication of coal mark composition): Ministry of Geology of the U.S.S.R. and Ministry of Coal Industry of the U.S.S.R., ... Spatial extent of coal deposits of the Former Soviet Union. * Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time ...
In case it isnt obvious its the price of coal (mostly stable) and gas (much more spiky, but currently below coal) per Mbtu. ... after just 10 months of working in a coal mine in the Shanxi province. "Down in the mine, the coal dust was so thick, we ... Coal-fired electricity production is bad on so many levels. Youd think humans could learn from history, but sadly, no, and no ... If most of the electricity used to charge your electric car is made by burning coal, is it still worth it, in terms of CO2 ...
According to the Kuzbas Chamber of Commerce; Coal mining accounts for 32% of the overall industrial output. The Kuzbass coal ... Kuzbass currently mines 52% of Russian bituminous coal output, with 84% share for coking coal. ... Kuzbas: Coal Kuzbas: Hard Times in the Siberian Coalfield. Now we will look south to Kuznets Basin, which is also called the ... There have had serious mining accidents in the region in recent years (for a recent news story about coal mining in the Kuzbas ...
People mourn at graves for miners who died in Tuesdays mine disaster, at a cemetery in Soma, a district in Turkeys western province of Manisa May 18, 2014. Turkish police have detained 18 people, including mining company executives and personnel, as part of an investigation into last weeks mine disaster, CNN Turk and other broadcasters reported on Sunday. The rescue operation ended on Saturday after the bodies of the last two workers were carried out, bringing the death toll in Turkeys worst industrial accident to 301. REUTERS/Osman Orsal (TURKEY - Tags: DISASTER ...
The Science of Coal Flotation J A Euston*, P White and D G Osborne Somerset International Australia * https://au.linkedin.com/ ... Production of coal tar on industria... by Mehwish Imroze 1522 views * Coal Lectures Series Mining Techn... by Thames Global Con ... Coal Flotation Chemistry * 1. The Science of Coal Flotation J A Euston*, P White and D G Osborne Somerset International ... 3. on coal quality, particularly as it affects thermal coal calorific value. As with flotation, above, it is often easier to ...
Respirable coal mine dust: Geometric mean exposures and percent exceeding designated occupational exposure limits by MSHA coal ... Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis: Number of deaths by state, U.S. residents age 15 and over, 2001-2010 2014-764 September 2014 ... Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis: Age-adjusted death rates by state, U.S. residents age 15 and over, 2001-2010 2014-763 September ... Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis: Number of deaths by sex, race, age group, and median age at death, U.S. residents age 15 and over ...
Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=coal-tars&oldid=46854084" ...
A version of this archives appears in print on January 25, 1867, on Page 6 of the New York edition with the headline: COAL. ...
Full text is unavailable for this digitized archive article. Subscribers may view the full text of this article in its original form through TimesMachine ...
... a coal-fired power plant in Chicago. EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants' emission of mercury and ... EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found ... EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found ... EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found ...
Coal Creek may refer to: Coal Creek, Victoria, a town Coal Creek (British Columbia), a creek Coal Creek, British Columbia, a ... in Coal Creek, Alaska Coal Creek, Boulder County, Colorado, a census-designated place Coal Creek, Fremont County, Colorado, a ... originally named Coal Creek Coal Creek, Washington, an unincorporated community Coal Creek (Henry County, Missouri), creek in ... Missouri Coal Creek (Susquehanna River), creek in Pennsylvania Mahanoy Creek, known locally as Coal Creek, Pennsylvania Coal ...
To handle wet coal, coal jigs were used. Coal jigs separated coal from impurities by using gravity. Since the relative density ... A coal breaker is a coal processing plant which breaks coal into various useful sizes. Coal breakers also remove impurities ... The coal breaker is a forerunner of the modern coal preparation plant. Coal tipples typically were used at bituminous coal ... because the impure coal must be of similar sized lumps for coal washing to work. If coal washing was conducted, coal might ...
Dark smoke emits from stacks owned by Hemeihongjun Aluminum Electricity Company of the China Power Investment Corporation. On condition of anonymity, an employee of the corporation claims that the corporation has violated regulations by shutting down the dust removal devices and desulfurization devices of this power plant.
One such polluting coal fired thermal power plant is Anpara on the outskirts of Dibulganj, Uttar Pradesh. ... The study ascertained that coal power plant emissions have caused premature deaths of upto 1,15,000 people between 2011-2012 in ... an agency that conducts research and analysis related to air pollution released a study titled Coal Kills, in partnership with ... Coal Kills The first ever estimation of death and disease due to coal-fired power plants in India estimates between 85,000 to ...
See an archive of all coal stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, Vulture, and Grub ... EPA Rolls Back Carbon Rule for New Coal Plants, But No One Wants to Build ThemThe change wont result in any new coal-fired ... Trump Admin Makes It Easier for Coal Companies to Pollute in America AgainThe EPA, led by a former coal lobbyist, has rolled ... China Burns Way More Coal Than Previously BelievedNew data show China has been burning up to 17 percent more coal per year than ...
... global coal demand flat-lines, with falls in China and OECD offset by gains in India and other emerging Asian countries ... In contrast, coal demand within India and other emerging Asian economies increases. India is the largest growth market for coal ... The global market for coal continues to be dominated by China, where coal consumption falls for much of the Outlook as the ... Global coal demand flat-lines, with falls in China and OECD offset by gains in India and other emerging Asian countries. ...
coal maceral* Elementary and microscopic constituent of coal [1]. There are a number of different types. Alginite is formed ... is structureless and falls within the vitrinite coal maceral [3] group. ... from algal remains; typical of boghead coal [2]. Collinite derives from cell infillings, ... coal maceral The elementary and microscopic constituent of coal. There are a number of different types. Alginite is formed from ...
... exposure to respirable coal mine dust---the dust that damaged his lungs so severely. Other coal miners also sent their comments ... In "Coal industrys go-to law firm withheld evidence of black lung, at expense of sick miners," Chris Hamby explains the ... Coal mining industry insisted on new dust sampling technology, now they dont want MSHA to use it. ... For more than 50 years, he diagnosed and treated coal miners with work-related lung disease, first at the then Miners Memorial ...
Types of coal -Traditional coal-burning power plant -Emission control for traditional coal burning plant -Advanced coal-burning ... Coal Fired Power Plant -Types of coal -Traditional coal-burning power plant -Emission control for traditional coal burning ... of coal 2.2 Traditional coal-burning power plant 2.3 Emission control for traditional coal burning plant 2.4 Advanced coal- ... THERMAL POWER PLANT (COAL TO POWER) by Baibhav Saha 38789 views * Coal Fired Power Plant in Indonesia by Galih Honggo Baskoro ...
Fixing Chinas Coal Problem China has rapidly cleaned up its coal plants. Now comes the hard part.. *by Richard Martin ... Coal-to-gas boom. The significance of that question becomes apparent when you tour the coal industry in Shanxi Province, in ... This story was updated on July 24 to correct an estimate of the amount of land that has been affected by coal mining and coal- ... A satellite image of coal-related smog in northern China in December 2013.. In Chinas coal cleanup, the years from the early ...
Could a UBI solve post-coal poverty?. Lovey Cooper, Liz Price - 100 Days In Appalachia ...
Coal-fired power plants are the single biggest source of greenhouse gases in the United States, accounting for more than a ... To save our health and the health of our planet, we have to stop burning coal. ... COAL BURNING IS THREATENING OUR HEALTH AND OUR ENVIRONMENT. ... Coal*Stopping Extraction and Mining. *Retiring Dirty Coal ... COALS DAY IS COMING TO AN END.. Earthjustice litigation led to the shutdown of the Big Sandy coal plant in Kentucky. It was ...
Fola Coal Co. polluted Twentymile Creek by dumping chemicals from its Surface Mine No. 3, the Sierra Club and West Virginia ...
... is produced mainly from burning coal in coal-fired power plants. Two main by-products of coal ash combustion (the ... Fly ash is a very fine, powdery residue from coal-fired plants (like factories). Fly ash is captured in the stack. Onsite coal ... Coal ash can contain particulates (a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air), volatile and semi- ... Bottom ash is unlikely to be in coal ash ponds because it is typically disposed of immediately after combustion and sent to a ...
In addition, China is also helping other nations install more coal plants to fight energy poverty. Indeed, the facts show that ... although it has plans to diversify and utilize coal less directly via power generation. ... China is still using huge amounts of coal, ... Coal often makes sense for them: coal leads and supplies 40% of ... "The One Market Thats Sure To Help Coal.". And almost a quarter of the coal plants China is funding in other countries would be ...
  • and it is especially seen in coal miners who are exposed to rock dust, such as roof bolters in underground mines and drillers in surface mines. (cdc.gov)
  • The company mines, processes, and markets bituminous and sub-bituminous coal with low sulfur content in the United States . (wikipedia.org)
  • Arch Coal operates 32 active mines and controls approximately 5.5 billion tons of proven and probable coal reserves, located in Central Appalachia , the Powder River Basin , Illinois basin and the Western Bituminous regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kuzbass currently mines 52% of Russian bituminous coal output, with 84% share for coking coal. (google.com)
  • Contractors that perform specific types of Fatali i valen u q work are required to report the number of employees f y R o e E who work at coal mines and noncoal mines. (cdc.gov)
  • Obama to Freeze New Coal Mines on Public Land Mitch McConnell will be furious. (nymag.com)
  • Air pollution can make big cities like Beijing and Shanghai nearly unlivable, and the giant coal mines of the interior have ravaged thousands of square miles. (technologyreview.com)
  • There, below ridgelines traced by remnants of the Great Wall, hundreds of small, dirty coal mines still supply gigantic coal-fired plants that belch millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. (technologyreview.com)
  • Along with the exploration and development of oil and gas properties, it also mines several metals like copper, silver, lead, zinc, and iron ores as well as metallurgical and energy coal. (investopedia.com)
  • Missouri-based Arch Coal was established in 1969 and is a leading producer of thermal and metallurgical coal from surface and underground mines located across America. (investopedia.com)
  • The coal division has a large number of individual mines across several countries, and insiders say there is a significant range in quality across the assets, meaning some could be thrust into the demerged entity while others, like the coking coal mines in Queensland's Bowen Basin, are certain to be kept by BHP. (theage.com.au)
  • NEW DELHI/BHUBANESWAR Flooding at one of Coal India Ltd's largest open-pit mines will halt production there for at least a month, a senior company official told Reuters on Wednesday, in a setback for a country trying to reduce its dependence on coal imports. (reuters.com)
  • The Shanxi Province Coal Industry Administration also announced its decision to close 1,500 mines over the next two years. (sourcewatch.org)
  • As the Pike River Coal Mine has announced it is now in receivership, the financial futures of mines staff and contractors remain unclear. (radionz.co.nz)
  • In a 1995 review of the Mongolian energy sector, the World Bank found that there were 16 coal mines producing approximately 5.5 million tonnes a year. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The three large mines produced all the coal necessary for the country's combined heat and power stations. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The World Bank review also argued that the government owned coal mines should be either shifted into separate government owned businesses and operated independent of the direct involvement of government officials or privatised. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Mine operators extract coal from underground and surface mines using machinery and explosives. (epa.gov)
  • Wastewater is generated during the mining process from groundwater produced during coal extraction, from water used by operators for equipment cooling and dust control, and from precipitation entering mines. (epa.gov)
  • EPA conducted a review of wastewater discharges from coal mines, including a coal industry profile, mine drainage characteristics, treatment technologies and costs. (epa.gov)
  • Fires and explosions are not uncommon in coal mines around the world. (unece.org)
  • Such accidents can have many causes, but one major risk factor in underground coal mines is the presence of methane. (unece.org)
  • In order to help disseminate state of the art solutions to this problem, in 2010 UNECE and its Group of Experts on Coal Mine Methane , published the Best Practice Guidance for Effective Methane Drainage and Use in Coal Mines . (unece.org)
  • The Best Practice Guidance is intended to improve mine safety at underground coal mines, and hence save lives, encourage the use of coal mine methane to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and utilize otherwise-wasted energy resources. (unece.org)
  • In a bid to tighten controls in the deadliest mining industry, a list of 580 coal mines whose certificates have been cancelled for failing to meet safety standards was released yesterday. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • It is the first batch of unqualified coal mines named in the list by the National Development and Reform Commission. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • China has shut down 1,933 unqualified coal mines and 9,067 illegal collieries this year in efforts to cut the death toll in the mining industry, according to the State Administration of Work Safety, the nation's top work safety watchdog. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The shutdowns are unlikely to have much impact on output, however, because most of the coal mines were small ones, the official added. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • In a nationwide campaign, the government has ordered officials to withdraw all their own investment from coal mines to prevent collusion with owners. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • We cannot expect to fundamentally improve the work safety record in China's coal mines within a short period of time," said Ma Piliang, a researcher with the China Coal Research Institute. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • China is the world's largest consumer of coal and has a high number of small coal mines that often go unregulated. (voanews.com)
  • Coal reserves in the U.S. stand at 268 billion tons, of which 43 percent are in surface mines. (mnn.com)
  • Coal mines are closing. (mnn.com)
  • Not in Jamesville, New York where there are no coal mines. (sourcewatch.org)
  • When mining companies brought increased sophistication to the organization of work in the mines, coal miners responded by organizing into trade unions. (gale.com)
  • Under the agreement, the mine operators will install wastewater treatment systems and take other measures aimed at reducing discharges from 79 active coal mines and 25 coal-processing plants in those five states. (yahoo.com)
  • The settlement with Alpha covers a different source of water pollution from coal - from mines and from the processing plants were the coal is prepared for shipping. (yahoo.com)
  • Efforts by the EPA to address pollution from mountaintop coal mines have been vacated by a federal court. (yahoo.com)
  • China mines almost half the world's coal, followed by India with about a tenth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The opening of hundreds of coal mines across southern Iowa coincided with industrialization and the popularity of local expositions designed to showcase agriculture, commerce, and industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • In July 2004, Arch Coal solidified its position as a leading producer of high-Btu, low-sulfur western bituminous coal with the acquisition of the remaining 35% interest in Canyon Fuel Company and its 161-million-ton reserves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen . (princeton.edu)
  • Bituminous coal is an organic sedimentary rock formed by diagenetic and submetamorphic compression of peat bog material. (princeton.edu)
  • Bituminous coal has been compressed and heated so that its primary constituents are macerals vitrinite , exinite , and so on. (princeton.edu)
  • The heat content of bituminous coal ranges from 21 million to 30 million Btu /ton (24 to 35 MJ/kg) on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. (princeton.edu)
  • Bituminous coal is usually black, sometimes dark brown, often with well-defined bands of bright and dull material. (princeton.edu)
  • Bituminous coal seams are stratigraphically identified by the distinctive sequence of bright and dark bands and are classified accordingly as either "dull, bright-banded" or "bright, dull-banded" and so on. (princeton.edu)
  • Bituminous coals are graded according to vitrinite reflectance, moisture content, volatile content, plasticity and ash content. (princeton.edu)
  • Generally, the highest value bituminous coals have a specific grade of plasticity , volatility and low ash content, especially with low carbonate , phosphorus , and sulfur . (princeton.edu)
  • The researchers extracted quantum dots from both bituminous and anthracite coal. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • China's reported coal reserves are 62.2 billion tons of bituminous coal, 33.7 billion tons of sub-bituminous coal and 18.6 billion tons of lignite. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Subtracting the produced quantities since 1992 (the latest data update) results in remaining reserves of about 44 billion tons of bituminous coal, 33.7 billion tons of subbituminous coal and 17.8 billion tons of lignite, or 96.5 billion tons total. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal is classified according to four ranks or classes: Anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous and lignite. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • Coal mining is further divided into Bituminous coal underground mining, Bituminous coal and lignite surface mining, and Anthracite mining. (bls.gov)
  • Bituminous coal underground mining employs slightly more than half of all coal mining industry workers, but experiences a higher share of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities. (bls.gov)
  • In 2007, 20 fatalities (or 71 percent of all fatalities in coal mining) were in bituminous coal underground mining. (bls.gov)
  • In bituminous coal underground mining, the rate of nonfatal injuries and illnesses was 66 percent higher than that of all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • The bituminous coal underground mining rate was 3.9 per 100 full-time workers, more than three times the total private industry rate. (bls.gov)
  • Workers in coal mining and bituminous coal underground mining were away from work due to occupational injuries or illnesses longer than the 8 median days experienced by all private industry workers. (bls.gov)
  • Coal itself has a wide variation in properties, and can be categorized into four main types , or ranks-lignite, sub-bituminous, bituminous, and anthracite-in order of increasing carbon and energy content. (ucsusa.org)
  • Most of the coal burned in US power plants is bituminous or subbituminous coal. (ucsusa.org)
  • The grade of coal produced depended on the maximum pressure and temperature reached, with lignite (also called "brown coal") produced under relatively mild conditions, and sub-bituminous coal, bituminous coal, or anthracite (also called "hard coal" or "black coal") produced in turn with increasing temperature and pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bituminous coal deposits, formed during the Pennsylvanian subperiod, are found throughout much of south-central Iowa, and demand for coal in Iowa grew steadily as railroad construction moved westward. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the second floor, lighter and smaller forms of bituminous coal-nut and pea-were used, and the roof was coated with highly reflective vitric coal and red mortar. (wikipedia.org)
  • If most of the electricity used to charge your electric car is made by burning coal, is it still worth it, in terms of CO2 release, to buy an electric car? (scienceblogs.com)
  • Coal-fired electricity production is bad on so many levels. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Remember that in China coal is about 60% of all energy supply and generates 65% of total electricity, so economic growth can easily translate into more coal usage. (forbes.com)
  • As such, seen below, although China's coal demand has been pretty flat in recent years, coal power generation has been rising at 6% per year - a very high increase for a nation where 100% of the population has access to electricity and per capita wise consumes nearly as much electricity as members of the European Union. (forbes.com)
  • Indeed, China actually now accounts for 45% of the coal-based electricity generated in the world, compared to 37% back in 2010. (forbes.com)
  • China's goal is to increase the share of electricity generation in its total coal usage. (forbes.com)
  • An immense infrastructure build-out that will not just require thermal coal for electricity but also metallurgical coal for steel making. (forbes.com)
  • Burning coal to generate electricity releases dangerous amounts of mercury that cause birth defects and other problems. (forbes.com)
  • Shutting down coal power will make electricity more expensive and threaten human health, while the impact on mercury exposure would be so small that it will have no observable effect. (forbes.com)
  • In the past five years China has brought online coal-fired electricity equal in size to total U.S. installed capacity, and new plants are coming online in the developing world all the time. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Still, the price of coal plants is rising and consumers in some areas served by the new facilities will see their electricity bill rise by up to 30 percent. (commondreams.org)
  • The proper comparison is not with natural gas, but with the costs - in money and pollution - of generating electricity with coal. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Turning coal into gas and burning that gas in furnaces is a cheaper way to heat homes than burning coal to generate electricity for electric home heating. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Because of the EU carbon price collapse lignite has been favored and it is the increased use of lignite that accounts for the increased generation of 'coal' fired electricity in Germany in the last 18 months. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Coal is widely used across the globe to generate electricity. (investopedia.com)
  • Despite awareness of global warming due to greenhouse gas emissions, some major economies lack the resources to substitute their coal-based electricity with less carbon-intensive energies. (investopedia.com)
  • Despite awareness of global warming due to greenhouse gas emissions, many economies lack the resources they need to use sustainable energies instead of coal-based electricity. (investopedia.com)
  • China relies on coal power for approximately 70-80% of its energy, with 45% used for the industrial sector and the remainder used to generate electricity. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In March 2012, China reported that it expected to consume 270 million tonnes per year less standard coal equivalent for electricity generation by 2015, compared with 2011 levels. (sourcewatch.org)
  • By 2020, China's electricity industry is estimated to save about 235 million tonnes per year of standard coal equivalent compared with the coal consumption level in 2015. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal currently provides 25 percent of world energy needs, generating 40 percent of the world's electricity. (cnn.com)
  • Today, coal supplies 25% of the world's primary energy and 40% of our electricity. (unece.org)
  • Most experts estimate that this dependence on coal to satisfy growing needs worldwide for electricity will continue for several decades, in spite of the surge of cleaner energy sources. (unece.org)
  • Coal demand is booming because the fuel is perfectly suited for electricity production, it's abundant, its reserves are geographically dispersed, prices are not affected by any OPEC-like entities, and - above all - it's cheap. (nationalreview.com)
  • Germany, meanwhile, last year slightly increased its share of electricity generated from coal to about 45 percent. (bostonherald.com)
  • Dalian handles both thermal and coking coal imports but the clampdown is expected to have a bigger impact on coking coal, used in steelmaking, rather than on thermal coal, used to generate electricity. (news.com.au)
  • But despite providing more than half of the United States' electricity between 1981 and 2008 [1] , electricity generation from coal is declining-largely replaced by another fossil fuel, natural gas, and by clean energy alternatives like wind, solar, and energy efficiency. (ucsusa.org)
  • The electricity sector accounted for over 90 percent of all coal used in the United States, with the rest burned in industrial and commercial settings. (ucsusa.org)
  • The program includes a virtual ban on using electricity generated by new coal-fired plants, and the state Senate went so far as to vote to repeal that requirement last month , so state utilities can purchase power from a coal plant under construction in North Dakota. (philly.com)
  • After the Fukushima disaster shut down nearly all of the country's nuclear capacity, which had represented 29 percent of Japan's electricity generation, the nation filled the gap by turning back to fossil-fuel power, burning more natural gas, oil, and a massive influx of coal. (politico.com)
  • Coal companies have also spent millions through the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity. (motherjones.com)
  • Coal is a fossil fuel, commonly used to produce electricity, that is formed from the decomposition of organic materials that have been subjected to geologic heat and pressure over millions of years. (mnn.com)
  • The activities involved in generating electricity from coal include mining, transport to power plants and burning of the coal in power plants. (mnn.com)
  • For the next 20-30 years, we must pursue a set of complementary strategies that will transition the electricity grid away from coal over the long-term while reducing its destructive environmental impacts as much as possible in the short term. (wri.org)
  • Coal combustion residuals, commonly known as coal ash, are created when coal is burned by power plants to produce electricity. (epa.gov)
  • The EPA says coal mining and the burning of coal for electricity are some of the largest sources of water pollution in the country. (yahoo.com)
  • Because of special exemptions, much of the country's coal-derived electricity comes from plants that are more than 30 years old. (economist.com)
  • The difference this time, say proponents, is that a number of electricity suppliers have started building commercial-scale facilities that use clean coal. (economist.com)
  • The advantage of IGCC is that it allows generating companies to capture carbon dioxide from the exhaust more easily, while producing electricity more efficiently than is possible with other clean-coal methods. (economist.com)
  • As of 2016, coal remains an important fuel as it supplied about a quarter of the world's primary energy and two-fifths of electricity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on what is in the coal mine dust that is inhaled and the part of the lung that is affected, coal miners may develop several different types of respiratory diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • The primary pneumoconiosis seen in coal miners are coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Quartz is a type of crystalline silica that causes silicosis in coal miners because it is a major component of rocks. (cdc.gov)
  • Andrew Wheeler Is Bad News for Coal Miners and Environmentalists Alike If the Senate confirms Andrew Wheeler, it's great news for coal - and nobody else. (nymag.com)
  • Congress Is Giving the Coal Industry a Break, and Sick Miners May Pay the Price If Congress doesn't act by the end of the month, the coal industry will get a tax reduction, slashing funding for miners suffering from black lung. (nymag.com)
  • Spike TV Orders Reality Show About Miners 'Coal,' about miners in West Virginia. (nymag.com)
  • On Sunday my neighbor asked me: "What do you think about all those coal miners with black lung? (scienceblogs.com)
  • My neighbor was referring to the latest story by NPR's Howard Berkes about nearly 2,000 cases of progressive massive pulmonary fibrosis (PMF) diagnosed in the last six years among Appalachian coal miners. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Here's one of them, originally posted on July 27, 2015: by Celeste Monforton, DrPH, MPH The occupational health community, coal miners, their families and labor advocates are mourning the loss of physician Donald Rasmussen, 87. (scienceblogs.com)
  • For more than 50 years, he diagnosed and treated coal miners with work-related lung disease, first at the then Miners Memorial Hospital in Beckley, WV and later at his own black lung clinic. (scienceblogs.com)
  • This week will mark the 90-day point of the Labor Department submitting for White House review one of its top priority regulations to protect coal miners' health. (scienceblogs.com)
  • My jaw continues to drop when I think about the scathing reports this month from the Center for Public Integrity about the law firm Jackson Kelly and their scheming with clients to screw coal miners out of black lung benefits. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In "Coal industry's go-to law firm withheld evidence of black lung, at expense of sick miners," Chris Hamby explains the deceitful and devious manner in which Jackson Kelly attorneys intentionally withheld medical reports that validate diagnoses of serious respiratory disease in coal miners. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In addition, during the process of mining , a portion of the roof and floor material may be taken along with the coal seam in order to create adequate working height for the equipment and miners. (britannica.com)
  • An explosion ripped through a coal mine in northern China on Sunday, killing at least 74 miners and leaving dozens trapped underground for hours. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The pre-dawn blast occurred while 436 miners were working underground at the Tunlan coal mine near Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The death toll was the highest in a coal mine accident since December 2007, when a gas explosion at a mine in Linfen city in Shanxi province killed 105 miners, according to the State Administration of Work Safety. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Trump wants to bring back coal jobs, but a start-up retraining miners as coders is giving Clinton ideas on how to save the depressed Appalachian economy. (ft.com)
  • [15] In November 2010, Chinese media reported that Beijing is considering capping domestic coal output in the 2011-2015 period, partly because officials worry miners are running down reserves too quickly to meet the needs of a rapidly expanding economy, which the Wall Street Journal said raises issues around China and peak coal . (sourcewatch.org)
  • As the miners approach new coal seams, methane is released into the air which under certain conditions (approx. (unece.org)
  • Nowadays, coal miners use more sophisticated detection methods. (unece.org)
  • The latest gas explosion occurred on November 11 at a mine run by the Bayinsai Coal Tar Co Ltd in Wuhai, North China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, killing 16 miners and wounding three others. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • More than 1,000 Chinese coal miners died on the job in 2013 alone. (nationalreview.com)
  • When finished, miners practice "retreat" mining, extracting as much coal as possible from the remaining pillars as they reverse their way out, allowing the roof of the seam to collapse. (ucsusa.org)
  • A new startup in Kentucky aims to turn coal miners into web programmers. (mnn.com)
  • On June 15, 2011, Arch acquired International Coal Group (ICG) and cemented its place as a top five global coal supplier and a top 10 metallurgical coal producer and marketer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The production of metallurgical coal stood at around 42.65 million metric tons, which has remained steady over the past five years. (investopedia.com)
  • When it comes to steel making and so on it is inescapable that metallurgical coal is necessary,'' he said. (theage.com.au)
  • Sometimes referred to as metallurgical coal, anthracite and supplementary coals may be burned at extremely high temperatures to produce pellets of basically pure carbon, generally referred to as coke, which can then be used to produce steel. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • China approved nearly $6.7 billion worth of new coal mining projects in 2018, and production increased 5.2% to 3.55 billion tonnes. (forbes.com)
  • A 2018 report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) indicates that global coal consumption is on the rise and was up 1% compared to 2017. (investopedia.com)
  • The Sierra Club reports that the number of coal-fired power plants under development worldwide dropped in 2018 for the third consecutive year. (investopedia.com)
  • The sector-specific benchmark index, Stowe Global Coal Index, started the year 2018 at a value of US$1,945 and closed at US$1,486 on December 2018, indicating a decline of around 25% over the year. (investopedia.com)
  • The list is composed of coal sector stocks that have a market cap of approximately $1 billion or more and is in descending order of top-performing stocks based on the percentage gains realized between December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2018. (investopedia.com)
  • During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, its energy coal production declined to 29 million metric tons , which was the lowest in the past 10 years. (investopedia.com)
  • In 2018, coal sector stocks underperformed amid uncertain global trade due to tariffs and a slowdown in the Chinese economy. (investopedia.com)
  • The Canadian Encyclopedia http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/coal/ (accessed March 24, 2018). (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • Smoke rises from coal-fired power plant in Obilic near Pristina, Kosovo November 1, 2018. (reuters.com)
  • Mr Birmingham also said that Australia's exports of coal to China in the fourth quarter of 2018 were higher in volume and value than in the same period in 2017. (news.com.au)
  • A Beijing-based coal trader said Dalian had cleared about six million tonnes of coal in January that had been delayed since late 2018 as China slowed customs clearance to curb imports. (news.com.au)
  • Dalian customs accounted for 7 per cent of China's total coal imports in 2018, according to a report from consultancy Wood Mackenzie. (news.com.au)
  • Betty Johnson, wife of coal ash spill cleanup worker Tommy Johnson, speaks about her husband's health complications Thursday, Nov. 8, 2018. (usatoday.com)
  • Janie Clark and her husband, Ansol, talk with fellow coal ash cleanup workers at their home in Knoxville on Thursday, Nov. 8, 2018. (usatoday.com)
  • The coal industry damages the environment, including by climate change as it is the largest anthropogenic source of carbon dioxide, 14.4 gigatonnes (Gt) in 2018, which is 40% of the total fossil fuel emissions and over 25% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. (wikipedia.org)
  • LP Amina joined an array of companies that in the first decade of this century undertook a program critical to the future of the world: cleaning up China's vast and dirty coal industry. (technologyreview.com)
  • If you think of everything that has happened until about 2013 as phase 1 of China's great coal cleanup, then we are now in phase 2: the conversion of coal into synthetic natural gas, or syngas. (technologyreview.com)
  • In China's coal cleanup, the years from the early 2000s to around 2012 were the period of desulfurization-limiting release of conventional pollutants and PM 2.5, the stuff that kills people directly. (technologyreview.com)
  • Similar to U.S. oil demand , China's coal consumption aligns with the first two. (forbes.com)
  • For production, China's December coal output was 2.1% higher than it was in 2017, hitting the highest level in over three years . (forbes.com)
  • This year, China's plan to kick start its economy with new stimulus measures could also lead to another uptick for coal. (forbes.com)
  • But as I documented in Forbes back in November 2014 , China's designed transformation for coal is NOT necessarily about using much less as it is about using coal differently. (forbes.com)
  • The Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis reports that China's financial institutions are providing $36 billion in funding to build coal power plants outside the country. (forbes.com)
  • So yes, while China's coal demand will remain very high, there is no question that the country seeks to lower an over reliance on the fuel, aimed at diversifying with more natural gas, nuclear, and renewables. (forbes.com)
  • The Tunlan mine is owned by Shanxi Coking Coal Group, China's largest producer of coking coal, which is used in the production of steel. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • While China's overall coal mining safety record is abysmal, the numbers mask great disparities. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • To keep pace with the country's economic growth, -China's local governments, utilities, and entrepreneurs are building, on average, one coal-fired power plant per week. (technologyreview.com)
  • The good news is that -China's leaders saw the coal rush coming in the 1990s and began exploring a range of advanced technologies. (technologyreview.com)
  • As a result, coal gasification has the potential both to squelch power plants' emission of soot and smog and to decrease China's growing dependence on imported oil. (technologyreview.com)
  • Despite China's early anticipation of the need for coal gasification, however, its implementation of the technology in power plants has lagged. (technologyreview.com)
  • China's largest coal firm, Shenhua Group, plans to start up the country's first coal-to-fuels plant in 2007 or early 2008, in the world's most ambitious application of coal liquefaction since World War II. (technologyreview.com)
  • China's progress in constructing coal-conversion plants puts it far ahead of the United States, where coal gasification is still recovering from a damaged reputation. (technologyreview.com)
  • Conservationists contend that stopping coal exports could benefit the environment by hastening China's adoption of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power. (nwf.org)
  • China's coal production has more than doubled since 1990, from one billion tonnes then [4] to 2.72 billion in 2008. (sourcewatch.org)
  • For example, the World Coal Institute estimated China's 2008 hard coal production at 2.761 billion tonnes. (sourcewatch.org)
  • [7] China's coal production was estimated to be 3.47 billion tonnes in 2011. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In 2007, China's demand for coal outpaced its supply and it became a net importer of coal for the first time. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The majority of China's coal reserves are located in the north and north-west regions of the country, which poses logistical difficulties in supplying coal to more populated areas and urban centers. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Using the Hubbert linearization technique that has successfully been used to predict oil reserves based on usage rates, David Rutledge of California Institute of Technology has estimated China's remaining reserves of coal at 70 billion tons, or less than 30 years at current usage rates. (sourcewatch.org)
  • China's raw coal output rose to 2.63 billion tons in 2008, a 12.8 percent increase over 2007. (sourcewatch.org)
  • China's top power distributor said power deficits in areas serviced by the State Grid Corp of China (SGCC) would amount to 30 gigawatts in summer even if coal supplies are steady, water levels are normal and there are no persisting high temperatures, with the shortfalls increasing to around 40 GW if coal supplies tighten up, water stocks are less than normal and unusually high temperatures persist. (sourcewatch.org)
  • A 2009 World Bank review of the potential mining developments suggested that coking coal export projects were most likely as a result of the Chinese market may require an additional 20 million tonnes of imports per year "with Mongolia in a good position to dominate China's import market. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Customs at China's northern port of Dalian has banned imports of Australian coal and will cap overall coal imports from all sources for 2019 at 12 million tonnes, an official at Dalian Port Group has told Reuters. (news.com.au)
  • Billionaire philanthropist and former mayor says he's 'doubling down' on efforts to reduce carbon emissions and to replace half the nation's coal with clean energy by 2017. (mnn.com)
  • Coal burning power plants are a leading producer of asthma causing pollution. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Natural Gas shutting down Coal Power Plants? (scienceblogs.com)
  • INTRODUCTION Modern coal preparation plants produce a significant proportion - often as much as 20% - of fine and ultrafine coal. (slideshare.net)
  • EPA regulations adopted in December restrict coal plants' emission of mercury and other toxic chemicals, which have been found to be a significant health hazard. (latimes.com)
  • The first ever estimation of death and disease due to coal-fired power plants in India estimates between 85,000 to 115,000 people killed in 2011-12. (greenpeace.org)
  • EPA Rolls Back Carbon Rule for New Coal Plants, But No One Wants to Build Them The change won't result in any new coal-fired power plants, but it will make the coal industry feel like Trump is helping. (nymag.com)
  • Trump Plans to Prop Up Unprofitable Coal Plants With 'Emergency' Aid The administration is finalizing a plan to exacerbate climate change - and increase the cost of energy - in the name of "national security. (nymag.com)
  • EPA May Scrap Limit on How Much Mercury Coal Plants Can Spew The agency will "review" its support for the measure "in light of the recent change in administration. (nymag.com)
  • China has rapidly cleaned up its coal plants. (technologyreview.com)
  • The company that Latta founded, LP Amina, uses ammonia derivatives called amines to reduce pollution from coal plants' smokestacks, particularly sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides. (technologyreview.com)
  • What's less understood, at least in the West, is that companies like LP Amina have largely succeeded, and the government's drive to rein in air pollution from coal plants is making progress. (technologyreview.com)
  • To a large degree, the improvements have come from the government's crackdown on burning coal for home heating and the closure of small, dirty coal-fired plants close to major cities. (technologyreview.com)
  • According to some estimates, close to 90 percent of the coal plants in China now have basic pollution controls. (technologyreview.com)
  • The central government's program to shut down coal plants in the east, near the coast, has done little about those in the interior. (technologyreview.com)
  • Earthjustice is keeping coal in the ground by challenging extraction and mining, targeting the dirtiest coal-fired power plants for retirement, addressing hazardous emissions and preventing coal exports. (earthjustice.org)
  • Coal-fired power plants are the single biggest source of greenhouse gases in the United States, accounting for more than a third of all emissions . (earthjustice.org)
  • RETIRING DIRTY AND COSTLY COAL PLANTS through litigation that forces the retirement of the oldest and dirtiest plants, blocks the construction of new ones, and creates incentives for investing in clean, renewable sources of energy. (earthjustice.org)
  • It was just one victory in our efforts to rid the land of one of the most highly polluting industries in America-coal-fired power plants. (earthjustice.org)
  • Tackling U.S. emissions absolutely means tackling coal-fired power plants. (earthjustice.org)
  • Coal ash is produced mainly from burning coal in coal-fired power plants. (cdc.gov)
  • Fly ash is a very fine, powdery residue from coal-fired plants (like factories). (cdc.gov)
  • The good news is that these plants will be supercritical or even ultra-superciticial, deploying higher efficiency to generate more power using less coal. (forbes.com)
  • And almost a quarter of the coal plants China is funding in other countries would be less efficient, higher emission subcritical units that are no longer allowed to be used in China. (forbes.com)
  • It is released in far smaller quantities by coal plants--an estimated 2,000 tons of manmade sources vs. tens of thousands of tons from natural sources. (forbes.com)
  • Coal plants are not a dangerous source of mercury. (forbes.com)
  • Coal companies and environmentalists alike are counting on a breakthrough in carbon capture and storage technology to siphon off harmful emissions from the world's coal plants. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Coal plants in the United States account for a third of U.S. greenhouse emissions. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Without a breakthrough on coal plants, it may be impossible to meet emission limits climatologists say are needed. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Yet carbon capture and storage remains the elusive holy grail of the coal industry, an idea that could contain the damage inflicted by coal-burning power plants but a technology that remains expensive, energy intensive and largely untested. (washingtonpost.com)
  • There is no credible pathway towards prudent greenhouse gas stabilization targets without CO2 emissions reduction from existing coal power plants,' Ernest Moniz, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a member of President Obama's Council of Advisers on Science and Technology, said in a report earlier this year. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Morris's predecessors were smart enough to buy lots of extra land at the West Virginia plant, but other coal plants would have trouble finding room. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Utilities across the country are building dozens of old-style coal plants that will cement the industry's standing as the largest industrial source of climate-changing gases for years to come. (commondreams.org)
  • An Associated Press examination of U.S. Department of Energy records and information provided by utilities and trade groups shows that more than 30 traditional coal plants have been built since 2008 or are under construction. (commondreams.org)
  • Hoping for a technological solution, the Obama administration devoted $3.4 billion in stimulus spending to foster "clean-coal" plants that can capture and store greenhouse gases. (commondreams.org)
  • Yet new investments in traditional coal plants total at least 10 times that amount - more than $35 billion. (commondreams.org)
  • Scientists and environmentalists have tried to stop the coal rush with some success, turning back dozens of plants through lawsuits and other legal challenges. (commondreams.org)
  • Experts say the widespread application of carbon-neutralizing technologies for coal plants remains at least 15 to 20 years away. (commondreams.org)
  • These rules allow operators to use their coal plants at higher rates today because they will be forced to shut down tomorrow (thus the bump in coal use). (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The UK is introducing a floor price for carbon and a de facto ban on new coal (a carbon dioxide limit on new power plants that conventional coal cannot meet). (huffingtonpost.com)
  • With news this week that carbon pollution levels are rising rapidly in the atmosphere, we're in a race against time to bring those emissions down -- and coal plants are the single biggest source of climate pollution. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • With the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Finland, France, Italy and Portugal committing to closing their remaining coal plants in the coming decade, Europe Beyond Coal is committed to making this transition to a healthier world as swift as possible. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In the US , the work of the Beyond Coal Campaign and more than 100 allied groups have helped secure commitments to retire more than half of US coal plants. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • It could even help control emissions of carbon dioxide, which is more easily captured from syngas plants than from conventional coal-fired plants. (technologyreview.com)
  • However, the Sierra Club reports a 20% drop in newly completed coal plants worldwide (53% in the past three years). (investopedia.com)
  • Destined mostly for use in coal-fueled power plants, Otter Creek coal, which is high in sodium, is avoided by some U.S. companies because it fouls power-plant boilers. (nwf.org)
  • Each year the nation's 500 plus coal-fired power plants produce about 130 million tons of coal ash, composed of solid wastes that include mercury, lead and arsenic. (nwf.org)
  • Oregon's $2.5 billion sport-fishing industry is at risk, he says, because ocean acidification caused by coal-fired power plants is wiping out krill and other food sources critical for salmon. (nwf.org)
  • Morgan Stanley joined with Citigroup last year to underwrite $700 million in debt for NRG Energy, which owns all or part of nine coal plants. (motherjones.com)
  • Also part of a consortium financing $4.5 billion in loans for TXU, a Texas power company that tried to build 11 new coal-fired power plants (eight were ultimately scrapped due to public pressure). (motherjones.com)
  • Other Balkan countries rely on coal to produce power, with Serbia and Bosnia generating 70 percent and 60 percent respectively in ailing coal-fired plants, and both are in the process of adding new coal capacities. (reuters.com)
  • The feed-in tariff for 1 MWh of solar power amounts to 136 euros while 1 MWh from coal-fired plants is sold for 30 euros. (reuters.com)
  • The regulation covers wastewater discharges from mine drainage, coal storage facilities, and coal preparation plants. (epa.gov)
  • Coal preparation plants remove waste material from coal by washing and concentrating. (epa.gov)
  • The plants may also sort and screen coal by size, and may crush the coal to facilitate handling and processing. (epa.gov)
  • LONDON, England (CNN) -- Former vice president and environmental campaigner Al Gore has urged young people to protest against new coal-fired power plants that don't use carbon capture and storage technology. (cnn.com)
  • Evidence of the third point can be found by looking at the "Clean Power Plan" - the 645-page set of rules issued by the Environmental Protection Agency last June that, if it withstands legal challenges, will effectively outlaw the construction of new coal-fired power plants in the United States. (nationalreview.com)
  • Additionally, the design of the incinerator, since it is new, could be perfectly tweaked for the properties of the intended fuel, unlike most existing plants that need to keep the co-feed % low because the design was intended for coal only. (treehugger.com)
  • While the U.S. backs away from its dirtiest power source, its closest ally in Asia is building, selling and financing coal plants worldwide. (politico.com)
  • According to a tally kept by the Kiko Network, a Kyoto-based environmental group, there are more than 40 new coal plants slated for construction domestically. (politico.com)
  • Even more worrysome to environmentalists, however, Japan's power industry and government have turned their attention overseas, hoping to sell profitable, high-tech Japanese plants to other coal-burning nations, particularly in the developing world. (politico.com)
  • Japan is now the planet's top public financer of overseas coal plants, technology and mining, according to a report by the Natural Resources Defense Council, Oil Change International and the World Wide Fund for Nature released in June. (politico.com)
  • In 2013, by contrast, Obama dropped American support for public financing for new coal plants overseas, except where a plant uses carbon-capture technology or where a developing country has no other choice. (politico.com)
  • There's a long tradition in this country of top engineers devoting their sweat and time and all efforts, generation after generation, to produce efficient coal-burning power plants," said Mutsuyoshi Nishimura, a former chief climate negotiator for the Japanese government. (politico.com)
  • Where the efficiency of coal plants in India lie around 27 percent and their American brethren hover around 36 percent, Japan's fleet crept above 40 percent long ago , according to an analysis by Dutch consulting firm Ecofys. (politico.com)
  • This variety of technologies has helped to reduce harmful emissions and improve the efficiency of coal-burning power plants. (mnn.com)
  • The Scriba Coal Gasification Plant would consume more than 20,000 tons of coal per day, making it one of the largest coal gasification plants in the world. (sourcewatch.org)
  • If the project comes to pass, up to 10,000 tons of coal per day is capable of being transformed into natural gas for use in homes, businesses or power plants. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Should Coal Plants Cool It? (wri.org)
  • If we are to solve the climate problem, our current generation of conventional, CO2 intensive coal plants must be our last. (wri.org)
  • In practice, this means that new coal plants should only go forward under a narrow set of conditions. (wri.org)
  • First, on a generator-by-generator basis, new coal plants should be the option of last resort. (wri.org)
  • Second---and as soon as possible---all new coal plants should be designed and engineered to capture the majority of their CO2 emissions for either long-term storage or industrial use. (wri.org)
  • Third, we should not build new coal plants in locations where the surrounding geology is not conducive to long-term underground CO2 sequestration, or where a lack of CO2 pipeline infrastructure would mean massive and costly delays for adequate CO2 storage. (wri.org)
  • They have said that this administration is going after coal with new regulations aimed at reducing mercury and other toxic air pollutants from power plant smokestacks, as well as the first-ever proposal to reduce carbon from yet-to-be-built coal-fired power plants. (yahoo.com)
  • The Clean Coal Technology Programme spans everything from tweaks in power plants to gasification of the coal itself. (economist.com)
  • Simply boosting the efficiency of coal plants-and thus reducing carbon-dioxide emissions-is seen by some as an example of clean-coal technology. (economist.com)
  • As part of the worldwide energy transition many countries have reduced or eliminated their use of coal power, and the UN Secretary General has asked governments to stop building new coal plants by 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is of higher quality than lignite coal but of poorer quality than anthracite coal . (princeton.edu)
  • Although most coals occur in stratified sedimentary deposits, the deposits may later be subjected to elevated temperatures and pressures caused by igneous intrusions or deformation during orogenesis (i.e., processes of mountain building), resulting in the development of anthracite and even graphite . (britannica.com)
  • Subbituminous coal can form at temperatures as low as 35 to 80 °C (95 to 176 °F) while anthracite requires a temperature of at least 180 to 245 °C (356 to 473 °F). Although coal is known from most geologic periods, 90% of all coal beds were deposited in the Carboniferous and Permian periods, which represent just 2% of the Earth's geologic history. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arch Coal, Inc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arch Coal is an American coal mining and processing company. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arch Coal is the second largest supplier of coal in the U.S. behind Peabody Energy . (wikipedia.org)
  • Arch Coal was formed in July 1997 through the merger of publicly traded Ashland Coal, Inc. and privately held Arch Mineral Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 1998, Arch Coal expanded into the western United States with the acquisition of the coal assets of Atlantic Richfield . (wikipedia.org)
  • In December 2005, Arch Coal sold select eastern assets to Magnum Coal Company to unlock the value of some of its Central Appalachian holdings, sharpened its focus in that region, and strengthened its balance sheet in preparation for future growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, Montana's State Board of Land Commissioners turned over 570 million tons of Otter Creek coal to Arch Coal for $86 million plus future royalties. (nwf.org)
  • After signing the Carbon Principles, opened a $62 million line of credit for Arch Coal , the nation's second-largest coal producer and a major funder of the lobbying battle against climate legislation. (motherjones.com)
  • Then there was Gregory Boyce, CEO of Peabody Energy Corporation, who admitted that "the science is strong" on climate change, but says that technology to capture and store emissions "should be available before regulation" begins (Steven Leer, CEO of Arch Coal, had a similar take). (motherjones.com)
  • mining interests spent $26 million on lobbying last year, with Peabody ( $5.8 million ) and Arch Coal ( $2.7 million ) topping the list of spenders. (motherjones.com)
  • Coal mining-related respiratory diseases can affect the gas exchanging tissues of the lungs. (cdc.gov)
  • For more information about each of the following coal mining-related respiratory diseases, click on the links provided. (cdc.gov)
  • In October 2009, Arch acquired Rio Tinto 's Jacobs Ranch mine and blended it with Black Thunder Coal Mine in the southern Powder River Basin of Wyoming, creating the single largest coal mining complex in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • There have had serious mining accidents in the region in recent years (for a recent news story about coal mining in the Kuzbas and an economic and demographic profile click here ). (google.com)
  • Coal mining accounts for 32% of the overall industrial output. (google.com)
  • Placing low moisture ultrafine coal on the product belt will have significant economic benefits for the operation as this coal has already absorbed the costs of mining and processing. (slideshare.net)
  • Trump Moves to Increase Subsidy for Coal Mining on Federal Lands Trump wants to let coal companies pay well below market rate for the right to despoil public lands and damage the climate. (nymag.com)
  • EPA Lobbies Coal Industry to Oppose Paris Climate Accord Scott Pruitt reportedly urged the National Mining Association to declare its opposition to the Paris agreement. (nymag.com)
  • STOPPING EXTRACTION AND MINING through efforts to ban mountaintop removal mining and other extraction practices, to protect the health, air and water of local residents, and to send a signal to the coal industry that coal's time as an energy giant is nearly done. (earthjustice.org)
  • For a discussion of the coal-extraction process, see the article coal mining . (britannica.com)
  • Many references to coal mining in England, Scotland, and the European continent began to appear in the writings of the 13th century. (britannica.com)
  • Wartime shortages and the needs of the munitions manufacturers, however, spurred small American coal-mining operations such as those in Virginia on the James River near Richmond. (britannica.com)
  • The coal mining process involves extracting coal from the earth. (investopedia.com)
  • Coal mining is performed using surface-based mining (when coal deposits are available near the surface) or underground mining (when coal deposits are buried deep underground). (investopedia.com)
  • Here's a look at the top coal mining stocks that fared better than the industry average. (investopedia.com)
  • South Wales is seeing a resurgence in deep coal mining. (treehugger.com)
  • Both types of coal were making attractive margins during the first phase of the mining boom, but both are now struggling to remain profitable under very low prices and fierce competition. (theage.com.au)
  • NEW DELHI/BHUBANESWAR Protests by workers at Coal India Ltd on Tuesday over implementation of reforms including allowing 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in coal mining paralysed operations and hit production, company officials and union leaders said. (reuters.com)
  • NEW DELHI/BHUBANESWAR Protests by workers at Coal India Ltd on Tuesday over implementation of reforms including allowing 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in coal mining paralyzed operations and hit production, company officials and union leaders said. (reuters.com)
  • An Australian government report promoting mining opportunities for business states that "since 2004 export opportunities have increased with the discovery of high quality, coking coal deposits at Tavan Tolgoi, Ukhaa Khugag, Bortolgoi, Ovoot Tolgoi, Khoshoot and Altai Nuurs. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal mining in Mongolia dates back to the early 1900's. (sourcewatch.org)
  • But the coal mining sector in Mongolia experienced a dramatic slump following the political and economic upheavals in the former USSR, which withdrew financial and technical support. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Germany's coal commission will not give any recommendation regarding mining-owner RWE's plans to continue clearing forest for the planned extension of the Hambach lignite mine in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. (euractiv.com)
  • The Commission is working on an initiative to support coal mining regions during the transition towards a low-emission economy. (euractiv.com)
  • EPA promulgated the Coal Mining Effluent Guidelines and Standards ( 40 CFR Part 434 ) in 1975, and amended the regulation in 1976, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1985 and 2002. (epa.gov)
  • The Coal Mining Effluent Guidelines and Standards are incorporated into NPDES permits . (epa.gov)
  • What is Coal Mining? (epa.gov)
  • These activities are included within NAICS code 21211, Coal Mining. (epa.gov)
  • Note: the NAICS group listing is provided as a guide and does not define the coverage of the Coal Mining regulations. (epa.gov)
  • Coal mining is a relatively dangerous industry. (bls.gov)
  • Employees in coal mining are more likely to be killed or to incur a non-fatal injury or illness, and their injuries are more likely to be severe than workers in private industry as a whole, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. (bls.gov)
  • Coal mining is part of the Mining sector along with other mining and extractive industries such as oil and gas. (bls.gov)
  • The rate of fatal injuries in the coal mining industry in 2007 was 24.8 per 100,000 fulltime equivalent workers, nearly six times the rate for all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • There were 28 fatal injuries in coal mining in 2007, down from an average of 31 fatalities per year from 2003 to 2006. (bls.gov)
  • The rate of nonfatal injuries and illnesses in coal mining in 2008 was 4.4 cases per 100 full-time workers, 13 percent higher than for total private industry. (bls.gov)
  • In coal mining, the rate of injuries and illnesses with days away from work was 2.6 per 100 full-time workers in 2008, more than twice the rate for the private sector as a whole. (bls.gov)
  • Fractures, which frequently require long recuperations, account for 19 percent of all injuries and illnesses in coal mining, compared to 8 percent in all private industry. (bls.gov)
  • Coal mining still produces jobs that pay a decent wage, but Barack Obama is doing his very best to kill off that entire industry. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • UNECE's Group of Experts on Coal Mine Methane is therefore disseminating these principle-based practices to a wide audience in coal mining countries worldwide, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, China, Colombia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Romania, the Russian Federation and Ukraine. (unece.org)
  • Coal mining is often a dirty and dangerous business. (nationalreview.com)
  • KYIV -- The Ukrainian Prosecutor-General's Office has launched an investigation into the activities of the country's Coal Mining Rescue Service, RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service reports. (rferl.org)
  • According to the prosecutor-general's press service, a violation of safety regulations by the Coal Mining Rescue Service in 2007 led to an accident during rescue operations at the Zasyadko mine in the Donetsk region that killed five rescue workers and injured more than 100 others. (rferl.org)
  • In room and pillar mining , seams of coal are partially mined, leaving large pillars of coal intact to support the overlying layers of rock. (ucsusa.org)
  • Longwall mining involves cutting long tunnels into a coal seam and removing the extracted coal by conveyor belt. (ucsusa.org)
  • Today, both room and pillar and longwall mining are performed with very powerful mining machines, which rapidly cut coal from the face of coal seams. (ucsusa.org)
  • Strip mining is used when coal seams are located close to the surface. (ucsusa.org)
  • A 2016 study found that mountaintop coal mining caused parts of Central Appalachia to be 40 percent flatter than they were forty years ago. (ucsusa.org)
  • Studies have shown that children born close to MTR mining areas suffer a 42% increase in birth defects and that the public health costs of pollution from coal operations in Appalachia amount to a staggering $75 billion a year . (ucsusa.org)
  • While coal mining has long caused environmental damage, the most destructive mining method by far is a relatively new type of surface mining called mountaintop removal , or MTR. (ucsusa.org)
  • So-called "cap and trade" policies also are unpopular in western Pennsylvania, home to a sizable coal mining industry. (philly.com)
  • The Company is a coal mining company, which is engaged in the production and sale of coal. (reuters.com)
  • on Tuesday over implementation of reforms including allowing 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in coal mining paralyzed operations and hit production, company officials and union leaders said. (reuters.com)
  • India plans to invite bids from global firms for the first time for coal mining blocks before end-2019, sources familiar with the matter said, a move that would end Coal India Ltd's near-monopoly for the fuel as the nation tries to cut imports. (reuters.com)
  • They've also put about $5 billion into coal mining projects around the world over the same period. (politico.com)
  • The meeting expressed deep-seated concern about the potential threat of coal seam gas (CSG) mining to the Great Artesian Basin. (greenleft.org.au)
  • More than 300 people joined a forest camp in the Pilliga State Forest in north-west New South Wales during the weekend of November 11-12 to protest against coal seam gas (CSG) mining. (greenleft.org.au)
  • It was used most prominently to showcase the local coal mining industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Iowa is most known for its rich soil and subsequent agriculture industry, Iowa had a thriving coal mining industry throughout the last half of the nineteenth century. (wikipedia.org)
  • By integrating the North Rochelle mine with Black Thunder, Arch created the premier mine in the nation's fastest growing coal supply region. (wikipedia.org)
  • An increasing number of ''ethical'' investment funds are avoiding investment in coal producers, while an independent panel in Norway will decide later this year whether the nation's sovereign wealth fund should also be banned from fossil fuel investments. (theage.com.au)
  • NEW DELHI India's ICRA Ltd, a unit of Moody's Investors Service Co, said on Monday it expects the energy hungry nation's thermal coal imports to be more than 200 million tonnes in 2019/20, due to lower-than-expected production by state-run Coal India Ltd. (reuters.com)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) - One of the nation's largest coal producers will pay a $27.5 million fine and spend $200 million to reduce illegal toxic discharges into hundreds of waterways across five Appalachian states, according to a proposed settlement Wednesday. (yahoo.com)
  • Bristol, Va.-based Alpha, the nation's third largest coal supplier, estimates those steps will cost about $200 million. (yahoo.com)
  • Last week a federal jury gave them hope they say has been sorely lacking since their husbands and hundreds more heavy equipment operators just like them responded to the nation's largest coal ash spill at the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston Fossil Fuel Power Plant in December 2008 and wound up poisoned. (usatoday.com)
  • The gassy hotspot is centered over New Mexico's San Juan Basin, where some 40,000 wells suck out natural gas trapped in coal seams. (mnn.com)
  • Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Millions of cases of asthma and heart disease are also attributable to coal power emissions, with the worst affected areas being the dense population clusters of Delhi-Haryana, Kolkata-West Bengal and Mumbai. (greenpeace.org)
  • Urban Emissions, an agency that conducts research and analysis related to air pollution released a study titled Coal Kills, in partnership with Conservation Action Trust and Greenpeace. (greenpeace.org)
  • The study ascertained that coal power plant emissions have caused premature deaths of upto 1,15,000 people between 2011-2012 in India. (greenpeace.org)
  • ADDRESSING WASTE AND EMISSIONS through litigation and advocacy that establishes and enforces national regulations for power plant waste like coal ash. (earthjustice.org)
  • As the map below shows, the regions with the most airborne mercury concentrations (Rocky Mountain and desert areas) do not match the regions with most coal emissions (New England). (forbes.com)
  • The expansion, the industry's largest in two decades, represents an acknowledgment that highly touted "clean coal" technology is still a long ways from becoming a reality and underscores a renewed confidence among utilities that proposals to regulate carbon emissions will fail. (commondreams.org)
  • The Senate last month scrapped the leading bill to curb carbon emissions following opposition from Republicans and coal-state Democrats. (commondreams.org)
  • In addition to the short-term effect of these rules, coal has received a boost as European carbon dioxide emissions have plummeted. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The government said the new plant, to replace Kosova A, would burn 40 percent less coal and release 20 times less emissions. (reuters.com)
  • There are several challenges to using coal gasification to produce hydrogen at target costs and with near-zero greenhouse gas emissions. (energy.gov)
  • Republican presidential candidate Tim Pawlenty probably won't bring up his record as governor of Minnesota in restricting carbon emissions tonight in the capital of coal country, Pittsburgh, where he is headlining a dinner for the county GOP. (philly.com)
  • A recent trip to Tokyo, Nagoya and Yokohama by POLITICO found that Japanese utilities are in the midst of replacing many of their aging coal power units with more efficient new ones, a decision that locks in carbon dioxide emissions for decades. (politico.com)
  • If the developed world uses less coal, it makes it cheaper for everyone else, which makes emissions skyrocket. (fastcompany.com)
  • With its high CO2 emissions and central place in the US (and global) energy infrastructure, 'fixing' coal is arguably at the center of a successful resolution to the climate challenge in the United States and the world. (wri.org)
  • At present, coal is responsible not only for significant CO2 emissions, but also for environmental damages ranging from mountain top removal to mercury emissions. (wri.org)
  • In August 2002, it expanded on those efforts for the first time in eight years, making $330m of matching funds available for clean-coal projects aimed at curbing emissions of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and other pollutants, as well as investigating methods for blending coal with other fuels, and for converting it into gas. (economist.com)
  • Coal preparation results in at least two product streams, the clean coal product and the reject. (britannica.com)
  • The processing of raw coals at levels 2, 3, and 4 therefore requires a maximized recovery of several characteristics (e.g., ash content, heating value, and sulfur content) in the respective product streams (i.e., clean coal and the reject). (britannica.com)
  • That's despite the stimulus spending and an additional $687 million spent by the Department of Energy on clean coal programs. (commondreams.org)
  • Producing clean coal power appears straightforward: Separate the carbon dioxide before it goes up the smokestack, then store it underground in geological formations. (commondreams.org)
  • It's the key for clean coal in China," says chemical engineer Li -Wenhua, who directed advanced coal development for Beijing's national high-tech R&D program (better known in China as the "863" program) from 2001 through 2005. (technologyreview.com)
  • But Gore, who said that 'clean coal' was like 'healthy smoking', is convinced that we need to change our habits now. (cnn.com)
  • Despite the millions they spend on lobbying and PR for so-called "clean coal," most companies are investing very little of their own funds in developing the technology. (motherjones.com)
  • What is clean coal? (mnn.com)
  • A flurry of activity is reviving clean coal technology. (economist.com)
  • Suddenly, energy engineers are talking about "clean coal" technology being on the brink of commercialisation. (economist.com)
  • There was similar excitement over clean coal in the mid-1980s and early 1990s. (economist.com)
  • Large sums of taxpayers' money were handed out to firms developing clean coal. (economist.com)
  • However, the Clean Coal Technology Programme, launched by America's Department of Energy in 1986, has since been criticised by the government's own watchdog body for waste and mismanagement. (economist.com)
  • Meanwhile, a handful of companies-including KF x of Denver, Global Energy of Houston, and Air Products and Chemicals of Allentown, Pennsylvania-have pursued ventures to tap the growing interest in clean-coal technology. (economist.com)
  • Much of the renewed interest stems from the Bush administration's new energy policy, which sees clean coal as one answer to America's energy problem. (economist.com)
  • The new policy has earmarked $2 billion for invigorating the Clean Coal Technology Programme. (economist.com)
  • Despite its troubles the programme has, over the past 18 years, prompted some 38 clean-coal development efforts. (economist.com)
  • More tellingly still, a growing number of clean-coal projects are being financed entirely by power companies themselves. (economist.com)
  • But clean coal means different things to different people. (economist.com)
  • The most widely used clean-coal technologies are post-combustion scrubbers that cleanse exhausts of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. (economist.com)
  • In November 2009, Arch acquired the rights to mine 731 million tons of Otter Creek coal reserves in the northern Powder River Basin of Montana. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kuzbass coal reserves make up 690 billion tons of low-ash, low sulphur content (less than 1%) featuring all well-known grades and quality characteristics pertaining to coking and steam coals. (google.com)
  • It produces 5 million tons of coking coal a year. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Montana portion of the basin also sits atop an estimated 119 billion tons of coal, more than any other state and accounting for nearly 25 percent of all U.S. coal reserves. (nwf.org)
  • Nevertheless, Montana produces only about 44 million tons of coal yearly-roughly a tenth of Wyoming's production. (nwf.org)
  • All told, Arch-second only to Peabody Energy in worldwide coal production-has leased more than 1.2 billion tons of coal on state and private land in the Otter Creek Valley. (nwf.org)
  • in 2009 underwrote more than $1 billion in financing for Massey Energy, which mined more than 21 million tons of coal in 2008 via mountaintop removal. (motherjones.com)
  • [6] Coal production in China was estimated at almost 3.4 billion short tons (i.e. 3.084 billion tonnes) in 2009. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In 2012, 470 coal-fired electric utilities generated about 110 million tons of coal ash. (epa.gov)
  • In fact, 1.4 tons of MBM can provide the same energy as 1 ton of coal. (treehugger.com)
  • In 2016, the United States burned roughly 728 million tons of coal, enough to fill a typical railroad car every 4 seconds [3] . (ucsusa.org)
  • Nearly a decade ago, this trio of women watched as their healthy husbands rushed from their Knoxville homes to rescue the residents of Roane County from the 7.65 million tons of coal ash bearing down on them. (usatoday.com)
  • Poisoned Kingston disaster workers still searching for justice a decade later Nearly a decade ago, this trio of women watched as their healthy husbands rushed from their Knoxville homes to rescue the residents of Roane County from the 7.65 million tons of coal ash bearing down on them. (usatoday.com)
  • The company sells a substantial amount of its coal to producers of electric power, steel producers and industrial facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volatility is also critical for steel-making and power generation, as this determines the burn rate of the coal. (princeton.edu)
  • Midwest Generation's Crawford Generating Station, a coal-fired power plant in Chicago. (latimes.com)
  • One such polluting coal fired thermal power plant is Anpara on the outskirts of Dibulganj, Uttar Pradesh. (greenpeace.org)
  • 3. BEE 3243 Electric Power Systems - Module 1 What is COAL? (slideshare.net)
  • In particular, wanting to use coal less directly, China seeks to lift power generation's share of its total coal consumption. (forbes.com)
  • The West Virginia plant belongs to American Electric Power, an electric utility that is the largest consumer of coal in the United States. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Coal is a major source of energy in the production of electrical power using steam generation. (britannica.com)
  • Building a coal-fired power plant today is betting that we are not going to put a serious financial cost on emitting carbon dioxide," said Severin Borenstein, director of the Energy Institute at the University of California-Berkeley. (commondreams.org)
  • Utilities say they are clinging to coal because its abundance makes it cheaper than natural gas or nuclear power and more reliable than intermittent power sources such as wind and solar. (commondreams.org)
  • I hear the Germans are building new coal to replace all that nuclear power. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • So much great work has happened already in Europe ,and this new coalition will build on that success and accelerate its progress and ambition -- with a clear-eyed goal to ensure a coal-free Europe no later than 2030, a goal that lines up with our aim of a coal free US power grid by 2030. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The government has promised for years to improve mine safety, but energy-hungry China depends on coal for most of its power. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • According to the energy consulting company Enerdata , the share of coal in the power mix has almost remained steady for the past 20 years at approximately 40% . (investopedia.com)
  • Increasing demand for power, and new applications for coal are increasing demand, but it does feel like a step backward. (treehugger.com)
  • later, helped finance a $1 billion loan for a new coal plant in Chile, built by American power company AES. (motherjones.com)
  • A leading lender for Australia's giant Hazelwood coal plant, which the World Wildlife Fund called "one of the dirtiest power stations in the world," and key financier to coal giant Massey Energy . (motherjones.com)
  • [1] Coal power has been the dominant source of energy used to fuel the rapid economic development of China in the past two decades, with significant impact on its physical environment and human population. (sourcewatch.org)
  • [8] Coal power is managed by the State Power Grid Corporation . (sourcewatch.org)
  • Overwhelmingly, this would be produced from proposed coal-fired power stations. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The government has identified as "top priorities in the midterm" the development of the Tavantolgoi coal mine , the $US4 billion 3,600 megawatt Shivee Ovoo power station , the 5-600 megawatt Tavan Tolgoi power station , the 4-500 megawatt Ulaanbaatar Thermal Power Plant No. 5 and the the Shainshand railway line. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The bank's review team suggested that, with "some improvements in efficiency", coal demand for combined heat and power would grow only by "10-15% between 1993 and 2000. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Flying in the face of President Obama's threat that building a new coal-fired power plant will cause bankruptcy, a coal mine in Benwood, WV is expanding. (americanthinker.com)
  • Last month, the World Bank told Kosovo it would no longer support a planned 500-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant. (reuters.com)
  • Coal is a fossil fuel used to produce power in the United States. (epa.gov)
  • Coal is used as a fuel in boilers to generate heat to create steam for power generation and industrial applications. (epa.gov)
  • The gasification of coal is one method that can produce power, liquid fuels, chemicals, and hydrogen. (energy.gov)
  • The production of hydrogen from coal also offers environmental benefits when integrated with advanced technologies in coal gasification, power production, and carbon capture, utilization, and storage. (energy.gov)
  • Coal has helped power America for decades. (ucsusa.org)
  • The Washed and Beneficiated Coal products are used in the manufacturing of hard coke for steel making and power generation. (reuters.com)
  • Workers in Kudgi, India, construct a coal-burning power plant financed by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. (politico.com)
  • A high-tech coal plant at the Joban Joint Power Company's Nakoso power station in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. (politico.com)
  • The report found that Japan poured more than $20 billion into coal projects between 2007 and 2014-roughly a quarter of total international support for coal power. (politico.com)
  • Since 2011, two of Japan's main public financing arms have backed more than 22 gigawatts of new coal power from Vietnam to India to Chile. (politico.com)
  • J-Power, a utility run by the government until 2004, burns more coal than any other power company in the country and claims to have the most world's most efficient coal plant - pushing close to 45 percent. (politico.com)
  • President Obama's power plant plan has gotten plenty of blowback from coal-state politicians, but it's popular with Americans. (mnn.com)
  • As a fuel source, coal provided a cheap and efficient source of power for steam engines, furnaces, and forges across America. (gale.com)
  • Last month, a ruptured pipe underneath a coal ash impoundment at a Duke Energy power plant polluted the waters of the Dan River in North Carolina. (yahoo.com)
  • Forests and Oceans Seem to Be Absorbing Less Carbon Than They Used To Meanwhile, coal production is on the rise. (nymag.com)
  • The weakness in global coal consumption is compounded by significant falls in the OECD, as countries switch to cleaner, lower-carbon fuels. (bp.com)
  • Continuing to reduce pollution will require the country to take tricky steps, such as implementing carbon capture and significantly reducing the use of coal. (technologyreview.com)
  • That refers to the process of turning solid coal into syngas, which is made up of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. (technologyreview.com)
  • For example, Carbon Brief reported last summer that China quietly has 210,000 MW of new coal capacity in the works, or nearly a 25% expansion. (forbes.com)
  • AEP executives estimate that the cost of carbon capture for a modest-size coal plant of about 235 megawatts would start at $700 million. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Coal , solid, usually brown or black, carbon-rich material that most often occurs in stratified sedimentary deposits. (britannica.com)
  • In general, coal can be considered a hydrogen-deficient hydrocarbon with a hydrogen-to-carbon ratio near 0.8, as compared with a liquid hydrocarbons ratio near 2 and a gaseous hydrocarbons ratio near 4. (britannica.com)
  • Given that lignite is the mainstay of much European coal use, it is the carbon price factor, which is vital to determining coal burn. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • On top of air rules and carbon pricing, national policies will also be important in dethroning king coal. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Coal is expected to be responsible for three-quarters of that carbon dioxide. (technologyreview.com)
  • Coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) is a lung disease that results from breathing in dust from coal, graphite, or man-made carbon over a long time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Wear a protective mask when working around coal, graphite, or man-made carbon. (medlineplus.gov)
  • I don't think [the Carbon Principles] will inhibit the financing of new coal-fired projects. (motherjones.com)
  • Coal is a combustible carbon-based sedimentary rock formed from the remains of plant life and comprises the world's largest fossil energy resource. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • Environmentalists have criticized the increasing use of coal, saying it is a "dirty" source because of the large amount of carbon dioxide released when it is burned. (bostonherald.com)
  • The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy supports activities to advance coal-to-hydrogen technologies, specifically through the process of coal gasification with carbon capture, utilization, and storage. (energy.gov)
  • DOE anticipates that coal gasification for hydrogen production with carbon capture, utilization, and storage could be deployed in the mid-term time frame. (energy.gov)
  • Specifically, hydrogen is produced by first reacting coal with oxygen and steam under high pressures and temperatures to form synthesis gas, a mixture consisting primarily of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. (energy.gov)
  • Over time, the plant matter transforms from moist, low-carbon peat, to coal, an energy- and carbon-dense black or brownish-black sedimentary rock. (ucsusa.org)
  • By comparison, the coal-rich U.S. has only one going up: Southern Co.'s Kemper project, an effort to demonstrate new carbon-capture technology. (politico.com)
  • On Wednesday, a House panel put the leaders of some of the country's biggest coal companies on the hot seat, grilling them about what exactly they see as the future for their industry in what is almost inevitably going to be a carbon constrained world. (motherjones.com)
  • The coal would be unloaded in an enclosed structure, then deposited into 10 40-foot-high gasifiers, which would break the coal down chemically into synthesis gas, composed of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Growth in coal consumption slows sharply relative to the past, although this masks contrasting patterns across countries and regions. (bp.com)
  • In the ET scenario, global coal consumption broadly stagnates around current levels, in sharp contrast to the past 20 years or so when coal was the largest source of energy growth. (bp.com)
  • The global market for coal continues to be dominated by China, where coal consumption falls for much of the Outlook as the economy adjusts to a more balanced, sustainable pattern of growth. (bp.com)
  • [2] By 2010, China comprised 48% of world coal consumption. (sourcewatch.org)
  • A 2010 Mongolian government economic review states that in 1999 five million tonnes of coal were produced for domestic consumption. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal consumption will continue rising in the years ahead. (nationalreview.com)
  • Of course, China has led the rush toward coal and now accounts for fully half of global coal consumption. (nationalreview.com)
  • But other Asian countries, including Indonesia and India, have also dramatically increased their coal consumption, and in doing so they have improved living standards and brought hundreds of millions of people out of darkness. (nationalreview.com)
  • With the invention of the steam engine coal consumption increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coal use peaked in 2013 but to meet the Paris Agreement target of keeping global warming to well below 2 °C (3.6 °F) coal use needs to halve from 2020 to 2030. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016, new rules enter into force, and only 40 percent of coal-fired capacity will be able to comply. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • This shapefile contains arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe coal deposits in the countries comprising the Former Soviet Union. (usgs.gov)
  • Vernadsky State Geological Museum, and U.S. Geological Survey, 20010600, territory.shp Coal deposits of the Former Soviet Union: U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO. (usgs.gov)
  • Noted coal geologist James Morton Schopf defined coal as containing more than 50 percent by weight (or 70 percent by volume) carbonaceous matter produced by the compaction and induration of altered plant remains-namely, peat deposits. (britannica.com)
  • There are also substantial thermal black coal deposits as well as lower quality brown coal deposits. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The image below shows the radioactivity concentrations of three different coal deposits in the United States. (epa.gov)
  • Instead, he says, countries with means should buy up coal, oil, and other deposits while they're still in the ground-then leave them there. (fastcompany.com)
  • Vast deposits of coal originate in former wetlands-called coal forests-that covered much of the Earth's tropical land areas during the late Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) and Permian times. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, many significant coal deposits are younger than this and originate from the Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such a process, if successful, might make the industry less dependent on the choice of coal, and less would be required. (nature.com)
  • The significance of that question becomes apparent when you tour the coal industry in Shanxi Province, in northern China near the border with Inner Mongolia, as I did in 2014 while researching my book Coal Wars . (technologyreview.com)
  • In fact, the coal industry in the west and north is set for dramatic expansion over the next decade, according to the most recent five-year plan. (technologyreview.com)
  • Earthjustice is part of a coalition suing the Trump administration over an order opening tens of thousands of acres of public lands to the coal industry. (earthjustice.org)
  • As in European countries, the introduction of the steam locomotive gave the American coal industry a tremendous impetus . (britannica.com)
  • The coal industry has pointed to Europe's increasing coal use and imports as evidence of coal's inevitable future. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • So you can see that this short-term 'renaissance' maks a long-term disaster for the coal industry. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • We are continuing that progress despite Trump's empty promises to bring back the coal industry. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • All of this destruction so the coal industry can make billions of dollars in profits shipping coal overseas," says Alexis Bonogofsky, NWF tribal lands manager, who joined Braided Hair for a day at Otter Creek. (nwf.org)
  • Not that many years ago, this expansion barely would have been noteworthy outside the coal industry. (americanthinker.com)
  • Germany will close its last black coal mine on Friday (21 December), a milestone marking the end of a 200-year-old industry that once fuelled the country's economic growth but lost the battle against cheaper foreign competitors. (euractiv.com)
  • The federal government is to come in over the top of the NSW government in a bid to break the impasse which has blocked the development of the coal seam gas industry, while warning of extensive job losses if a shortage of gas cannot be avoided. (smh.com.au)
  • The use of coal to produce hydrogen for the transportation sector can reduce America's total energy use and its reliance on imported petroleum while helping create jobs through the creation of a domestic industry. (energy.gov)
  • But much of the coal industry spent millions of dollars in attempts to torpedo the legislation. (motherjones.com)
  • The panelists before the House Select Committee for Energy Independence and Global Warming represented the different perspectives in the coal industry on the subject-from complete denial of problems in the industry to embracing the fact that coal faces an uncertain future. (motherjones.com)
  • I ask that you embrace the provisions of the Waxman-Markey bill that light the way ahead for your industry," said Markey, adding later, "This legislation we passed in the House is intended on helping the coal industry. (motherjones.com)
  • I still believe there is … a way of passing legislation with the coal industry in support," said Markey after the hearing. (motherjones.com)
  • Spanning the years 1901-1918, this publication "devoted to the coal industry" provides a unique research opportunity. (gale.com)
  • The coal industry was a major foundation for American industrialization. (gale.com)
  • This publication traces the expansion of the coal industry in the early twentieth century and brings to life the trials and tribulations of a burgeoning industry. (gale.com)
  • Still, for the Obama administration, the settlement is likely to generate more criticism from the coal industry, their lobbyists and supporters in Congress. (yahoo.com)
  • As explained above, during the formation of coal and subsequent geologic activities, a coal seam may acquire mineral matter, veins of clay, bands of rock , and igneous intrusions. (britannica.com)
  • Anarchists': Ian Macfarlane has hit out at coal seam gas protesters. (smh.com.au)
  • Professor O'Kane released an interim report midyear on coal seam gas exploration. (smh.com.au)
  • However, deep-seated public concerns over coal seam gas have forced the state government to halt all exploration activity, pending the finalisation of new rules. (smh.com.au)
  • These machines have gradually replaced less productive and more dangerous methods, which require intermittently drilling the coal seam and blasting it with explosives. (ucsusa.org)
  • Once exposed, the underlying coal seam is removed in strips and transported away by conveyor belt or truck. (ucsusa.org)
  • Marie Flood and Pip Hinman report from the second hearing into the NSW government's enforcement of the Chief Scientists' guidelines on coal seam gas. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Two new reports by ecologists say Santos's Response to Submissions (RTS) failed to address how endangered species will be impacted by its controversial Narrabri Coal Seam Gas (CSG) project in the Pilliga Forest. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Farmers, businessmen and Traditional Owners from north-west NSW travelled to Adelaide on May 3 to tell Santos and its shareholders at the company AGM it will face a rural uprising if it proceeds with the Narrabri coal seam gasfield. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Today, air-pollution regulations require that ROM coal be cleaned not only of ash and rocks but of sulfur as well. (britannica.com)
  • I've worked to tackle coal pollution for 15 years, so for me, being part of the launch of the Beyond Coal Campaign in Europe is surreal, humbling, and profoundly inspiring. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Because pollution doesn't respect borders, neither do the all-too-real health consequences burning dirty coal creates around the world. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Coal is deadly everywhere: Its pollution estimated to have caused 19,500 premature deaths across Europe in 2015 alone and 13,200 deaths in the US in 2009. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • To prevent massive pollution and slow its growing contribution to global warming, China will need to make advanced coal technology work on an unprecedented scale. (technologyreview.com)
  • And the primary cause of pollution is also the source of the energy propelling the ultramodern train: coal. (technologyreview.com)
  • Reducing air pollution from fly ash and other constituents from coal combustion are a requirement of the Clean Air Act . (epa.gov)
  • And of course, coal combustion creates air pollution. (nationalreview.com)
  • All types of coal also contain sulfur , which, when burned, releases toxic air pollution. (ucsusa.org)
  • China is the world's largest producer and consumer of coal, burning about as much every year as the rest of the world combined. (technologyreview.com)
  • The People's Republic of China is the world's largest consumer of coal, using more coal each year than the United States, the European Union, and Japan combined. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Mongolia has substantial high quality coking coal reserves and is on track to become one of the world's largest coal exporters. (sourcewatch.org)
  • For imports, now a much larger portion of the supply mix, coal imports in China were up 9% last year. (forbes.com)
  • LAUNCESTON, Australia, Oct 16 India's coal imports are on track to decline for a third straight month in October, a drop that seems out of kilter with the ongoing struggles of state miner Coal India to boost domestic output. (reuters.com)
  • Australian dollar fell after the decision by China to ban coal imports at the Dalian port. (news.com.au)
  • The indefinite ban on imports from top supplier Australia, effective since the start of February, comes as major ports elsewhere in China prolong clearing times for Australian coal to at least 40 days. (news.com.au)
  • Asked if the ban was related to bilateral tensions, China foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said customs were inspecting and testing coal imports for safety and quality. (news.com.au)
  • Imports through Dalian comprise only 1.8 per cent of Australia's total coal exports. (news.com.au)
  • Coal imports from Russia and Indonesia will not be affected. (news.com.au)
  • Beijing has been trying to restrict imports of coal more generally to support domestic prices. (news.com.au)
  • Donald Trump Promises to 'Cancel' Paris Climate Deal In a rare pre-written speech on energy policy, Trump argued that coal doesn't need to be regulated and that wind turbines are "killing all the eagles. (nymag.com)
  • To halt climate change, we must stop burning coal. (earthjustice.org)
  • Coal 'is still the elephant in the room,' said John Ashton, special representative for climate change at Britain's Foreign and Commonwealth Office, at a meeting in Washington last month. (washingtonpost.com)
  • We'll be meeting and strategizing together this week, and then traveling to Bonn for the next round of international climate negotiations, where tensions will be high thanks to Trump's plan to exit the Paris climate agreement -- and where our shared work to move beyond coal will be a critical engine to meet our Paris goals despite Trump . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • We have roughly the same amount of coal remaining online in the US and in Europe, and if we meet our goals on both continents, we'll have a fighting chance of tackling the climate crisis. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Hundreds of sustainable small business interests are at risk, including ranchers who irrigate hay meadows with water from the Tongue River drainage, into which Otter Creek feeds, and Pacific Northwest fishermen who make their living from salmon and other species sensitive to coal-powered climate change. (nwf.org)
  • NWF, other conservation groups and many local residents fear that developing Otter Creek coal will jeopardize surrounding areas and exacerbate climate change Tribal members, ranchers, hunters, anglers, mayors, governors and rank-and-file citizens have raised issues. (nwf.org)
  • In its third meeting, the commission heard experts' views on the implications of the country's climate goals for the coal sector. (euractiv.com)
  • But the Sierra Club's "beyond coal" slogan also illustrates the absurdity of the Left's climate-change strategy. (nationalreview.com)
  • LIMA, Peru-The push for a global climate deal is leading to calls for large cutbacks in the use of coal, provoking stiff opposition from coal producers and exporting countries. (wsj.com)
  • To really stop climate change, says one economist, we need to buy all the coal and oil. (fastcompany.com)
  • In the House debate over climate and energy legislation last summer, coal got a big slice of the pie. (motherjones.com)
  • Wednesday's panel was more theater than anything else, with House climate advocates attempting to put coal interests on the spot and highlight some of the competing view points on the future. (motherjones.com)
  • However, the urgency of the climate change challenge means we cannot wait for the coal problem to be solved through such pricing mechanisms alone. (wri.org)
  • Thus, even with CCS, coal will always be a liability from the perspective of climate change. (wri.org)
  • 3. on coal quality, particularly as it affects thermal coal calorific value. (slideshare.net)
  • BHP is the world's biggest producer of seaborne coking coal, and also a significant producer of thermal coal. (theage.com.au)
  • The thermal coal assets in South Africa have been touted as likely candidates for a demerger. (theage.com.au)
  • However, the potential for exporting thermal coal is likely to hinge on freight costs via new rail lines either though China or Russia. (sourcewatch.org)
  • With a fuel-hungry industrial economy to feed, Japan had been the world's biggest importer of coal for at least three decades, overtaken by China only in 2011, according the Energy Information Administration. (politico.com)
  • The largest consumer and importer of coal is China. (wikipedia.org)
  • When we burn coal, that mercury gets released into the atmosphere and ultimately rains down into bodies of water. (forbes.com)
  • Some iron and steel making and other industrial processes burn coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thirty-ninth report of the Joint Research Committee of the Institution and the University of Leeds gave the first instalment of a study of the complete gasification of coal in oxygen-steam mixtures. (nature.com)
  • Generalized geologic age of coal-bearing territory or coal deposit. (usgs.gov)
  • Fola Coal Co. polluted Twentymile Creek by dumping chemicals from its Surface Mine No. 3, the Sierra Club and West Virginia Highlands Conservancy claim in Charleston, W. Va., Federal Court. (courthousenews.com)
  • The three major coal-producing states are Wyoming, West Virginia and Kentucky. (mnn.com)
  • As far as we can tell, the coal-to-gas plant proposed by TransGas in Scriba has been abandoned or placed on hold as TransGas focuses on its proposed plant in West Virginia. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Each day, a freight train with 100 rail cars would transport coal from Pennsylvania or West Virginia to Jamesville. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Why in God's name would you take 110 rail cars and bring coal from West Virginia and Appalachia and process it here," Baker said. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (CWP), commonly referred to as black lung, is a type of pneumoconiosis caused by inhaling respirable coal mine dust. (cdc.gov)
  • Mr. Martin sent his note to the Labor Department's Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) to comment on the agency's proposed rule to reduce workers' exposure to respirable coal mine dust---the dust that damaged his lungs so severely. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The reactions and interactions between coal, slimes, dissolved minerals, flotation and dewatering chemicals are highly complex, having a seemingly unpredictable effect on fine coal processes such as flotation and thickening. (slideshare.net)
  • Processes to clean and dewater this coal are intrinsically more complex than those for coarse and small coal. (slideshare.net)
  • For a more complete treatment of the processes involved in coal combustion, see the article coal utilization . (britannica.com)
  • Coal is an abundant natural resource that can be used as a source of energy, as a chemical feedstock from which numerous synthetic compounds (e.g., dyes, oils, waxes, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides) can be derived, and in the production of coke for metallurgical processes. (britannica.com)
  • Coal treatment and refining processes are getting a lot of attention as well. (economist.com)
  • Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on earth, and it is a major source of energy. (investopedia.com)
  • It is likely that coal will face declining demand in the future as global presssure to limit the use of fossil fuels increases. (investopedia.com)
  • The country stated that this would be achieved through development of more non-fossil energies and improving coal consuming technologies. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal is a fossil fuel which has been used as a source of energy in Canada since the 18th century. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • EPA supports the environmentally sound recycling of coal ash and has developed regulations on the safe disposal of coal ash in landfills and surface impoundments. (epa.gov)
  • With the completion of the merger, Arch became the leading producer of low-sulfur coal in the eastern United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • In August 2006, Arch acquired a one-third interest in Knight Hawk Coal, a growing coal producer in the Illinois Basin . (wikipedia.org)
  • PREVENTING COAL EXPORTS through work to prevent the permitting of terminals that would ship mountains of coal overseas to be burned. (earthjustice.org)
  • If China doesn't get coal so cheaply, it gives them an incentive to develop alternative sources of energy rather than pay more for coal exports from another country," says Bob Rees, president of the Northwest Guides and Anglers Association. (nwf.org)
  • Australia accounts for about a third of world coal exports followed by Indonesia and Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • On top of that, the Spanish economy cannot sustain coal subsidies in the face of harsh austerity measures and German renewable energy growth will further reduce the available market for hard coal. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Using data from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) for the period 1996-2014, Blackley and colleagues identified 47 lung-transplant cases in which the patient's primary diagnosis was "coal workers' pneumoconiosis" or pneumoconiosis unspecified. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Ask your provider about treating and managing coal worker's pneumoconiosis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • But in the face of a concerted campaign to demonize coal on the basis of the alleged dangers of CO2, this almost seems like an act of brave defiance. (americanthinker.com)
  • Instead, let's focus on the first and second points of the strategy: demonize coal and keep the poor in the dark. (nationalreview.com)
  • The government is considering selling a 10% stake, or 631.64 million shares, in the company that produces more than 80% of the country's coal requirement. (wsj.com)
  • This is a quadruple of the country's coal production from 2008 levels. (sourcewatch.org)
  • When coal is burned, the products that result, called coal combustion residuals (CCRs) also have differing levels of TENORM. (epa.gov)
  • Coal combustion residuals are one of the largest types of industrial waste generated in the United States. (epa.gov)
  • Despite being a fine particle residual, the majority of coal combustion residuals are fly ash. (epa.gov)
  • Just over ten percent of coal combustion residuals is bottom ash. (epa.gov)
  • About two percent of coal combustion residuals is boiler slag. (epa.gov)
  • Coal combustion residuals (CCR) are either sent off-site for disposal or beneficial use, or disposed onsite in landfills and surface impoundments. (epa.gov)
  • We believe that a portfolio focused on our major iron ore, copper, coal and petroleum assets would retain the benefits of diversification, generate stronger growth in cash flow and a superior return on investment,' the company said in a statement. (theage.com.au)
  • In a typical coal-fired boiler, coal is burned and the heat is extracted to generate steam. (epa.gov)
  • As a consequence, there is a tendency for coal producers to focus on coarse coal and accept what are often significant losses from the fines circuit. (slideshare.net)
  • It sells coal to the producers of steel, utility, and other industries in the United States and around the globe. (investopedia.com)
  • But, because coal contains methane, if there were a way to extract that gas without needing the coal itself, that would be something energy producers would be interested in. (autoblog.com)
  • low volatile coal may be difficult to ignite although it contains more energy per unit volume. (princeton.edu)
  • The smelter must balance the volatile content of the coals to optimize the ease of ignition, burn rate, and energy output of the coal. (princeton.edu)
  • Governor Mark Dayton has called for the elimination of coal as a source of energy in Minnesota. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Please commit to moving our school to 100% clean energy and beyond coal! (google.com)
  • Fresh Out of Prison, Coal Baron Don Blankenship Is Running for U.S. Senate The former CEO of Massey Energy filed this week to run in the Republican primary. (nymag.com)
  • Coal is one of our most important supplies of affordable and reliable energy. (forbes.com)
  • Coal is one of the most important supplies of affordable and reliable energy and it is not significantly impacting human exposure to mercury in the environment. (forbes.com)
  • Unfortunately, the Energy Department has trouble talking candidly about this side of the case because of the administration's commitment to greater reliance on coal. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Reporters have had a field day with this: The clean energy bastion is now home to rising coal use. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In the EU, coal use has been growing since 2009 (after a steep drop in the preceding two years) but it is still below 2007 levels and well below increases in renewable energy generation. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • When that happens, coal traders will see a change in their fortunes as renewable energy additions and coal capacity retirements eat into coal-fired generation. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • I just arrived in Germany for something remarkable - today's launch of Europe Beyond Coal , a coalition of groups from across Europe who have been working to move their countries beyond coal to clean energy. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • That's why today, Europe Beyond Coal is launching as a joint effort urging 28 European countries to dramatically accelerate their transition away from coal and toward clean, renewable energy. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • They're also committed, as we are, to a just transition for communities and workers that have traditionally relied on coal, so that we don't leave anyone behind as we make this necessary transition to clean energy. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • It is likely that as the cost of cleaner and renewable energy sources such as wind and solar continue to drop, these energy sources will outpace coal making it a thing of the past. (investopedia.com)
  • However, the demand for coal is likely to decline as the cost of cleaner and renewable energy sources such as wind and solar drop and the pressure to use cleaner energy increases. (investopedia.com)
  • The price of coal has gone up and Europe is faced with an energy gap. (treehugger.com)
  • This article is part of the Coal Issues portal on SourceWatch, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy . (sourcewatch.org)
  • In an era of expensive and insecure energy, coal remains a cheap and secure energy source for governments all over the world. (cnn.com)
  • Coal is the world's fastest-growing form of energy and it has been since 1973. (nationalreview.com)
  • The publicity stunt was aimed to send a message to French President Francois Hollande and Merkel "to abandon energies that are considered dangerous - coal and nuclear - and to finally commit to a real energy transition," said Greenpeace activist Sebastien Blavier. (bostonherald.com)
  • A bigger concern is Japan's growing role in keeping alive an energy source that President Barack Obama and Japan's allies elsewhere have been fighting to bury: coal. (politico.com)
  • Countries interested in limiting the use of coal, oil, and other dirty energy sources have been working together to try and limit the total amount consumed. (fastcompany.com)
  • Some of these fuels, such as coal and oil from tar sands, have an extraction process that is so costly and energy intensive that the extraction rights themselves tend to be pretty cheap in order to compensate for the slim profit margins. (fastcompany.com)
  • Coal = hydrogen = clean energy? (autoblog.com)
  • Pagnier said he expects up to 80 percent of the methane in coal beds could be extracted this way, which "can fulfil the energy needs of the planet for about 200 years. (autoblog.com)
  • Coal is formed when dead plant matter decays into peat and is converted into coal by the heat and pressure of deep burial over millions of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • These low prices are increasing burn of the dirtiest form of coal -- lignite. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • For this reason, any process used to convert coal to alternative fuels must add hydrogen (either directly or in the form of water). (britannica.com)
  • In contrast, large-scale efforts to produce liquid transportation fuels using coal gasification are well under way. (technologyreview.com)
  • Low phosphorus content is vital for these coals, as phosphorus is a highly deleterious (damaging) element in steel making. (princeton.edu)
  • Volatile content and swelling index are used to select coals for coke blending as well. (princeton.edu)
  • In the early days of coal preparation, the objective was to provide a product of uniform size and to reduce the content of inert rock materials in ROM coal. (britannica.com)
  • The amount of bottom ash produced during coal combustion depends on the mineral content of the coal and the type of boiler used. (epa.gov)
  • Some utilities are now preferentially selecting coal with lower mineral (or ash) content to meet particulate emission standards. (epa.gov)
  • In other instances, utilities reduce the ash content by washing the coal. (epa.gov)
  • Sulfur content is determined by the conditions under which the coal is formed. (ucsusa.org)
  • In the United States, the sulfur content of coal varies along geographic lines, with most-though not all- eastern coal containing high levels of sulfur, and western coal containing much less. (ucsusa.org)
  • A new coal processing facility is being constructed at the site that will improve the operation's efficiency and coal processing capacities, according to Murray spokesman Gary Broadbent. (americanthinker.com)
  • Our engraving shows a very neat and convenient form of coal scuttle adapted to secure freedom from dust and to direct the coal when supplying grates, stoves, etc., with fuel, so that the scattering of coal often occurring in the use of the old form of scuttle, will be wholly prevented. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The scuttle is supplied, back of the handle with a second lid, which, when raised, allows it to be filled with coal, when the lid is closed, and the dust confined. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Your risk for developing CWP depends on how long you have been around coal dust. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You should also avoid further exposure to coal dust. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The dust flying in Center Benwood signals increased coal production at Murray Energy's Ohio County Mine - and a $45 million expansion at the mine's preparation plant to accommodate it. (americanthinker.com)