Cnidium: A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. Members contain osthol.Apiaceae: A large plant family in the order Apiales, also known as Umbelliferae. Most are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. The flowers often form a conspicuous flat-topped umbel. Each small individual flower is usually bisexual, with five sepals, five petals, and an enlarged disk at the base of the style. The fruits are ridged and are composed of two parts that split open at maturity.Diynes: Compounds with two triple bonds. Some of them are CYTOTOXINS.Antipruritics: Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).Coumarins: Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Eczema: A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).Phytochemicals: A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Skin DiseasesPhytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Dermatitis, Atopic: A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)CambodiaPhentermine: A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. It has been used most frequently in the treatment of obesity.Appetite Depressants: Agents that are used to suppress appetite.Fenfluramine: A centrally active drug that apparently both blocks serotonin uptake and provokes transport-mediated serotonin release.Anti-Obesity Agents: Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.Mephentermine: A sympathomimetic agent with specificity for alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. It is used to maintain BLOOD PRESSURE in hypotensive states such as following SPINAL ANESTHESIA.Dexfenfluramine: The S-isomer of FENFLURAMINE. It is a serotonin agonist and is used as an anorectic. Unlike fenfluramine, it does not possess any catecholamine agonist activity.Emetics: Agents that cause vomiting. They may act directly on the gastrointestinal tract, bringing about emesis through local irritant effects, or indirectly, through their effects on the chemoreceptor trigger zone in the postremal area near the medulla.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Malpighiaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae class, Magnoliopsida that are mostly shrubs and small trees. Many of the members contain indole alkaloids.Cyanophora: A genus of primitive plants in the family Cyanophoraceae, class GLAUCOPHYTA. They contain pigmented ORGANELLES (or PLASTIDS) called cyanelles, which have characteristics of both CYANOBACTERIA and CHLOROPLASTS.Limonins: A group of degraded TRITERPENES in which the four terminal carbons of the C17 side chain have been removed, and the remaining portion often forming C17 furans.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Vitiligo: A disorder consisting of areas of macular depigmentation, commonly on extensor aspects of extremities, on the face or neck, and in skin folds. Age of onset is often in young adulthood and the condition tends to progress gradually with lesions enlarging and extending until a quiescent state is reached.Melanins: Insoluble polymers of TYROSINE derivatives found in and causing darkness in skin (SKIN PIGMENTATION), hair, and feathers providing protection against SUNBURN induced by SUNLIGHT. CAROTENES contribute yellow and red coloration.Sunburn: An injury to the skin causing erythema, tenderness, and sometimes blistering and resulting from excessive exposure to the sun. The reaction is produced by the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.Patch Tests: Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.Prebiotics: Non-digestible food ingredients mostly of a carbohydrate base that improve human health by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of existing BACTERIA in the COLON.Evolution, Chemical: Chemical and physical transformation of the biogenic elements from their nucleosynthesis in stars to their incorporation and subsequent modification in planetary bodies and terrestrial biochemistry. It includes the mechanism of incorporation of biogenic elements into complex molecules and molecular systems, leading up to the origin of life.Biogenesis: The origin of life. It includes studies of the potential basis for life in organic compounds but excludes studies of the development of altered forms of life through mutation and natural selection, which is BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION.Bifidobacterium: A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.Probiotics: Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)Inulin: A starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to FRUCTOSE, it is classified as a fructosan. It has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function.Meteoroids: Any solid objects moving in interplanetary space that are smaller than a planet or asteroid but larger than a molecule. Meteorites are any meteoroid that has fallen to a planetary surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Web Browser: Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Terminator Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences recognized as signals to end GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Computer Graphics: The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.

Anti-allergic effects of cnidii monnieri fructus (dried fruits of Cnidium monnieri) and its major component, osthol. (1/10)

Anti-allergic effects (types I and IV) of the 70% ethanol extract (CM-ext) obtained from Cnidii Monnieri Fructus (dried fruits of Cnidium monnieri) were investigated on 48 h homologous passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA), 2, 4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced contact dermatitis and picryl chloride (PC)-induced contact dermatitis in experimental animals. CM-ext showed inhibitory effects on these allergic models. Osthol isolated from CM-ext also had the inhibitory effects. These results suggested that Cnidii Monnieri Fructus might be useful as an agent for allergic diseases and that its anti-allergic effect was partially attributable to a coumarin derivative, osthol.  (+info)

Total coumarins from fruits of Cnidium monnieri inhibit formation and differentiation of multinucleated osteoclasts of rats. (2/10)

AIM: To determine the effects of TCFC (total comarins from the fruits of Cnidium monnieri) on the activity of osteoclasts in vitro. METHODS: Osteoclasts isolated from rat marrow cells were co-cultured with osteoblasts under the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamine D3. The tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) stain was used to identify osteoclast morphology. The activity of TRAP was measured by p-nitrophenyl sodium phosphate assay. The resorption pit area on the bone slices formed by osteoclasts was measured by computer image processing. Calcium concentration in the medium of co-culture of bone slices and osteoclasts was determined by atomic absorption spectra. RESULTS: TCFC 2.5-25 mg/L inhibited osteoclast formation and differentiation. TCFC 0.25-25 mg/L inhibited TRAP activity of osteoclasts and TCFC 25 mg/L decreased the TRAP activity by 26.3 % and 24.1 % after 48 h and 72 h, respectively. TCFC 25 mg/L decreased the osteoclastic bone resorption pit area by 25.05 % and Ca2+ release from bone slices by 41.73 %. CONCLUSION: TCFC reduced the bone lose by decreasing the osteoclast formation, its TRAP activity, and osteoclastic bone resorption.  (+info)

Ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Cnidium officinale MAKINO inhibits neuronal cell death by reduction of excessive nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-treated rat hippocampal slice cultures and microglia cells. (3/10)

In the present work, we found that the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of Cnidium officinale MAKINO (COEA) decreased nitric oxide (NO) production in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 and primary microglia and suppressed expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in BV-2 cells with the same pattern of NO production. In addition, we showed that excessive NO production played an important role in neuronal cell death in LPS-treated rat hippocampal slice cultures. Our data suggest that the COEA inhibits neuronal cell death by reduction of excessive NO production in LPS-treated rat hippocampal slice cultures. The ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of C. officinale reduced propidium iodide uptake and NO production in cultured media at the same time.  (+info)

Enemy-free space maintains swallowtail butterfly host shift. (4/10)

Natural enemies can be significant sources of mortality for herbivorous insects and therefore important agents of natural selection. One might expect selection to favor herbivores that escape from their natural enemies into enemy-free space. Although this is an appealing idea, it has received little empirical support, and no studies have documented enemy-free space as part of a nonagricultural, nonartificial host shift. The Alaskan swallowtail butterfly, Papilio machaon aliaska, uses as host plants a species in the family Apiaceae (Cnidium cnidiifolium) along with two Asteraceae species (Artemisia arctica and Petasites frigidus). I analyzed growth and survival of P. m. aliaska larvae in the field on the three host plants in treatments that either exposed or protected them from predators. I found that, in the presence of predators, larval survival is greater on the novel hosts (Asteraceae) than on the ancestral host (Apiaceae), but that in the absence of predators survival and growth are greater on the ancestral host. These results are a demonstration of enemy-free space as a mechanism for maintaining a naturally occurring host shift.  (+info)

Comparison of micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography on fingerprint of Cnidium monnieri. (5/10)

In our studies, micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) was employed in fingerprint analysis of Cnidium monnieri for the first time. Average chromatography of 10 batches Cnidium monnieri from Jiangsu province, China, which have long been considered as the original and genuine herbal medicine, was first established as the characteristic fingerprint. Within 25 min the major effective components were separated by 18 mM borate, 12 mM phosphate and 50 mM SDS (pH 9.2) containing 20% methanol. The relative standard deviations of migration times and peak areas were less than 5%. As a new approach of fingerprint, MKCE was compared to the conventional approach-HPLC in our experiments. The fingerprint developed by HPLC comprised 8 peaks that were collected within 40 min. Relative standard deviation (RSD) values of retention times of corresponding peaks in HPLC analysis were very small (maximum 3% and average 0.9%). In conclusion, each two methods had its advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, besides HPLC, MEKC as a feasible method, could be used in the development of fingerprint of Cnidium monnieri.  (+info)

Therapeutic effect of osthole on hyperlipidemic fatty liver in rats. (6/10)

AIM: To study the effects of osthole on hyperlipidemic fatty liver and investigate the possible mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model with hyperlipidemic fatty liver was successfully established by feeding fatty milk for 6 weeks. The experimental rats were then treated with 5-20 mg/kg osthole for 6 weeks. The mouse hyperlipidemic model was induced by feeding fatty milk when they were treated with 10-20 mg/kg osthole for 3 weeks. RESULTS: After treatment with osthole, the levels of rat serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol significantly decreased as compared with the fatty liver model group (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01). Hepatic weight and its coefficient, the hepatic tissue contents of TC, TG, and malondialdehyde, also significantly decreased (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01). In fatty milk-induced hyperlipidemic mice, the post-heparin plasma activities of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), hepatic lipase (HL), and total lipase (TL) significantly increased after treatment with 10-20 mg/kg osthole for 3 weeks (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01). Importantly, the histological evaluation of rat liver demonstrated that osthole dramatically decreased lipid accumulation (P< 0.01). CONCLUSION: Osthole was found to have therapeutic effects on fatty milk-induced rat fatty liver; the mechanisms might be associated with its anti-oxidation and the elevation of the activities of LPL and HL.  (+info)

Molecular identification of "Chuanxiong" by nucleotide sequence and multiplex single base extension analysis on chloroplast trnK gene. (7/10)

Chloroplast trnK gene sequences of Cnidium officinale and Ligusticum chuanxiong were determined to establish an effective method for identifying Japanese Senkyu and Chinese Chuanxiong, the two which have the same drug name in Chinese characters, similar external feature, but different botanical origins. Three sites of nucleotide differences were found between these 2 species at positions 767,924 and 964 from upstream in trnK gene sequence, allowing molecular identification of the two plants and crude drugs. Further, three kinds of specific primers of 14 mer, 23 mer and 30 mer long were designed to detect these 3 sites of marker nucleotides. By using multiplex single base extension (MSBE) analysis with the 3 specific primers, C. officinale and L. chuanxiong could be distinguished clearly by the electrophoretograms, where 3 peaks with different color of ddTMP, ddCMP and ddTMP were observed in case of C. officinale and those of ddGMP, ddAMP and ddGMP in L. chuanxiong. Moreover, trnK gene sequence of "Dongxiong," a kind of Chuanxiong cultivated in Northeast China, suggested that its botanical origin was C. officinale.  (+info)

Enhanced antitumor efficacy of cisplatin in combination with HemoHIM in tumor-bearing mice. (8/10)

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*Cnidium

... is a genus of flowering plant in the Apiaceae, native to Eurasia, Africa and North America. It has 4 or 5 species. ... Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. is one of the most widely used traditional herbal medicines and its fruits have been used to treat ... "Cnidium monnieri: A Review of Traditional Uses, Phytochemical and Ethnopharmacological Properties". Am J Chin Med. 43: 835-77. ...

*Cnidium cnidiifolium

... is a species of flowering plant in the parsley family, Apiaceae. Its common names include northern hemlock ... "Cnidium cnidiifolium". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ... Cnidium cnidiifolium. NatureServe. 2013. Hultén, E. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories. 1968.. ...

*Cnidium monnieri

"Cnidium monnieri". Retrieved 3 January 2016. "Cnidium monnieri". Hortipedia. Retrieved 3 January 2016. "Cnidium monnieri ( ... Cnidium monnieri is a species in the genus Cnidium which contains approximately 11 to 35 species and belongs to the family of ... Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson ex Juss., Monnier's snowparsley, is a flowering plant species in the genus Cnidium. Also known as ... Cnidium monnieri has bipinnate leaves that are alternate. The linear leaflets are ciliate and petiolate. Cnidium monnieri ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... cnidium (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.075.211 --- coriandrum (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.075.233 ...

*Depressaria pulcherrimella

Other recorded food plants include Cnidium, Bunium and Valeriana species. Fauna Europaea microlepidoptera.nl UKmoths ...

*Xanthotoxol

It is one of the major active ingredients in Cnidium monnieri. Xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase (8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O- ...

*Agonopterix quadripunctata

The larvae feed on Seseli and Cnidium species, including Cnidium dubium. Fauna Europaea Swedish Moths Insecta Norvegiae ...

*Lozotaenia cupidinana

The larvae feed on Daphne cnidium, Helianthemum, Pistacia lentiscus and Dorycnium germanicum. tortricidae.com European ...

*History of general anesthesia

Cnidium rhizome, Cnidium officinale or Szechuan lovage); 2 parts dong quai (Angelica sinensis or female ginseng); 1 part tian ...

*Hanaoka Seishū

Cnidium rhizome, Cnidium officinale or Szechuan lovage); 2 parts dong quai (Angelica sinensis or female ginseng); 1 part tian ...

*Imperatorin

2010-11-17). "Antifibrotic activity of coumarins from Cnidium monnieri fruits in HSC-T6 hepatic stellate cells" (PDF). Journal ... Cnidium monnieri, Incarvillea younghusbandii, and Zanthoxylum americanum mill. It is biosynthesized from umbelliferone, a ...

*List of Apiaceae genera

includes Arracacha) Carlesia Dunn Cervaria Wolf Chymsydia Albov Cnidiocarpa Pimenov Cnidium Cusson Coaxana J. M. Coult. & Rose ...

*Osthol

It is a calcium channel blocker, found in plants such as Cnidium monnieri, Angelica archangelica and Angelica pubescens.. ...

*Monnieri

Some species with the epithet are: Bacopa monnieri - water hyssop Cnidium monnieri - Monnier's snowparsley Stachys monnieri - ...

*Carminative

Angelica Ajwain Anise seed Asafoetida Basil Calamus Caraway Cardamom Cinnamon Coriander Cnidium monnieri (She Huangzi) Cumin ...

*Botanischer Garten der Universität Karlsruhe

Cnidium dubium, Equisetum x trachyodon, Gentiana cruziata, Leonurus cardica, Ludwigia palustris, Marsilea quadrifolia, ...

*Yunker

100 mg Cnidium Fluid Extract (Fruit) 100 mg Asian Ginseng Extract (Root) 10 mg Hawthorn Berry Extract (Fruit) 3 mg Viper ...

*Dit da jow

... cnidium seed) sheng di huang (rehmannia) shu di huang (cooked Rehmannia root) song jie (pine branch) su mu (Caesalpinia sappan ...
Learn more about Cnidium uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Cnidium
Evaluation of estrogenic potential by herbal formula, HPC 03 for in vitro and in vivo HPC 03 is herbal formula that consists of extracts from Angelica gigas, Cnidium officinale Makino and Cinnamomum cassia Presl. The present study evaluated the estrogenic potential of HPC 03 by using in vitro and in vivo models. The regulatory mechanisms of HPC 03 in estrogen-dependent MCF-7 cells were assessed. HPC 03 induced the proliferation of estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 cells, and the proliferation was blocked by the addition of the estrogen antagonist tamoxifen. The estrogen receptorα/β luciferase activities were significantly increased by HPC 03 treatment, which also increased the mRNA expression of the estrogen-responsive genes Psen2, Pgr and Ctsd. Also, we evaluated the ameliorative effects of HPC 03 on menopausal symptoms in ovariectomized rats. HPC 03 treatment in OVX rats significantly affected the uterine weight, increased the expression of estrogen-responsive genes Pgr and Psen2 in uterus, ...
In this section, we will look at a number of herbs which have been used for centuries to cure erectile dysfunction. There are of course many more herbs but the ones below are considered a great combination to take to boost libido and get harder and stronger erections and there all contained in the Best Herbal Sex Pill Zenerx which is reviewed on this site. Best Herbs for Erections and Better Health. Here are all the herbs which you will find in Zenerx the erectile dysfunction pill we review on this site and the herbs as a combination will not only improve sexual health, they will also work to increase overall levels of health and wellness at the same time - Lets take a look at them in more detail.. Cnidium Cnidium works to increase nitric oxide levels allowing more blood to be able to enter the penis and make it hard and it also works to inhibit PDE-5 which can prevent men from getting an erection. Epimedium Grandiflorum Extract - Horny Goat Weed Perhaps one of the best names for a herb that ...
Allcosmeticsource.com Imperatorin, Ammidin, CAS No. 482-44-0, purity at 98.0% min. 500grams/bag [PTC-RP0-1477]- Imperatorin, Ammidin, CAS No. 482-44-0, purity at 98.0% min. 500grams/bag Other Name: Ammidin, 8-Isoamylenoxypsoralen Source: Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss Specification: 98%min. Grade: pharma grade CAS NO.: 482-44-0 Molecular formula: C16H14O4 Molecular weight: 270.27996 Appearance: White Crystalline powder Solubility: Soluble in DMSO (≥5 mg/ml), methanol, DMF, and water (slightly). Insoluble in ethanol. Storage: Store at -20° C Melting Point: 102 °C Boiling Point: ~448.3 °C at 760 mmHg (Predicted) Density:
TY - JOUR. T1 - Osthol attenuates hepatic steatosis via decreased triglyceride synthesis not by insulin resistance. AU - Nam, Ho Hyun. AU - Jung, Dae Won. AU - Jeon, Hye Joon. AU - Lee, Jai Sun. AU - Saeed, Waqar Khalid. AU - Kim, Eun Kyung. PY - 2014/9/7. Y1 - 2014/9/7. N2 - AIM: To evaluate the effects of osthol on intrahepatic fat synthesis, β-oxidation, inflammation, and insulin resistance by multifaceted analysis. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 30) were randomly divided into control, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and osthol groups. NAFLD and osthol groups were fed with a high-fat diet for 14 wk. After 8 wk of the high-fat diet, the osthol group also received osthol 20 mg/kg orally 5 times/wk. To assess the insulin resistance, oral glucose tolerance was performed at the end of 14 wk. Immunohistochemical (4-HNE, F4/80) and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining were performed on liver tissue extracts after animal sacrifice at 14 wk. SREBP1c, FAS, SCD-1, PPAR-α, CROT, MCP-1, ...
A few characteristics distinguish Polychaos dubium from other species of Polychaos. The crystals floating in its cytoplasm take the shape of flat bipyramids, flat plates, or clustered platelets. The nucleus is ellipsoid in shape, has granules next to the membrane, and lacks an endosome. The cell is usually polypodal (has many pseudopodia), and the endoplasm and ectoplasm of the cytoplasm are clear.[5] During rapid locomotion, P. dubium may become monopodial (present only one pseudopod), [6] but there are an average of 12 pseudopodia. [7]. Polychaos dubium has one of the largest genomes known for any organism, consisting of 670 billion base pairs or 670 Gbp,[4] which is over 200 times larger than the human genome (3.2 Gbp). The authors of one 2004 study, however, suggest treating that measurement with caution, because it was taken before the advent of modern genomic methods.[4]. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Cnidium Cusson ex Juss. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
If you want to know what the best options are when it comes to sexual enhancement for men, natural is the way to go. Here are the top 3 sex pills for men that are completely worth a try: Longinexx, VigRx Plus and Enzyte. You can find detailed information on these products on websites such as MenHealthAdvisor.org and see for yourself what these products have to offer.. Top 3 Pills for Enhancing Sexual Health for Men. Take a closer look at the leading names in natural sexual enhancement for men:. Longinexx: Natural ingredients form an integral part of the whole sexual enhancement base for men. This is because the best ingredients make the best products. This products does its best with a natural enhancement formula they call "vasobolic." This formula not only contains natural but medicinal ingredients as well. This means that you get the best of both worlds in one pill. The product uses a patented formula that includes natural ingredients, such as Piper Longum, Cnidium Monnier, L-Arginine AKG, ...
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During an infection, malaria parasites compete for limited amounts of food and enemy-free space. Competition affects parasite growth rate, transmission and virulence, and is thus important for parasite evolution. Much evolutionary theory assumes that virulent clones outgrow avirulent ones, favouring the evolution of higher virulence. We infected laboratory mice with a mixture of two Plasmodium chabaudi clones: one virulent, the other avirulent. Using real-time quantitative PCR to track the two parasite clones over the course of the infection, we found that the virulent clone overgrew the avirulent clone. However, host genotype had a major effect on the outcome of competition. In a relatively resistant mouse genotype (C57Bl/6J), the avirulent clone was suppressed below detectable levels after 10 days, and apparently lost from the infection. By contrast, in more susceptible mice (CBA/Ca), the avirulent clone was initially suppressed, but it persisted, and during the chronic phase of infection it ...
THE EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF SOLANUM DUBIUM IN GLUCOSE INTRA-PERITONIALLY LOADED RATS (in-vivo) AND GLUCOSE UPTAKE IN ISOLATED RAT HEMIDIAPHRAGM (in-vitro)
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News competently, out, when we have the download molecular modeling techniques in material( as to the discovery of those five instances which we click with our finem; since from this soul not hence gives some assertion for our objects. They exist the mountains of proving, and cause, and pointing, and quitting, and motion. The reality of these prophets is overthrown with precisely NET firm by the tables, and flowing to some by Heraclitus apart, and Diocles, and Empedocles; at any satisfaction, Plato, in the Timæ us, is the principles of the objects to refute moral, and had by our senses or plants. download molecular modeling describes deceived to the part, because it makes that tis, when known in the dubium, discover moved or published, notwithstanding the number that they have new; because, therefore, it is not other that that microservices-based cognoscat with its now foreign potentia does electronic; because As it will Enter the property of the then vel frequency of rightly peril or code, by ...
Abstract Capillary electrophoresis was applied to the analysis of a mixture of triazine herbicides of environmental interest. Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) proved to be satisfactory for the separation of triazines, providing high efficiency in short analysis times. Several...
A system for interfacing electrochemical detection with micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography is demonstrated. This system couples the separation column to a short length of the same column material together with a section of porous graphite tubing which forms an electrically conductive joint. The joint is immersed in a buffer reservoir together with the ground electrode of the high-power source (15 kV). The reservoir is electrically insulated from the electrochemical cell containing the carbon fibre detector. This configuration effectively separates the detector from the high separation potential applied. Amperometric detection with micellar solutions is demonstrated for a mixture of B6 vitamers on a 50 μm I.D. column. A detection limit of ca. 4 fmol is obtained. The linear dynamic range of the calibration plot is slightly over two orders of magnitude (from ca. 1 to 200 ppm). © 1991 ...
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Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio Troilus, Larva or Caterpillar Photographic Print by Gary Meszaros. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. 100% satisfaction guaranteed.
Walter, T. Chad (2008). Rhynchomyzon dubium (Brady, 1910). In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=360402 on 2017-12- ...
Although it is widely agreed that data from multiple sources are necessary to confidently resolve phylogenetic relationships, procedures for accommodating and incorporating heterogeneity in such data remained underdeveloped. We explored the use of partitioned, model-based analyses of heterogeneous molecular data in the context of a phylogenetic study of swallowtail butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
Potted sun stars (Ornithogalum dubium) are nearly unknown in the U.S., but in Europe, they are prized and sought-after pot plants, consistently fetching top price at the flower auction.. O. dubium is a geophyte, or bulbous perennial plant. Depending on the cultivar, the bulbs produce five to eight deep green, glossy leaves that are arranged in rosettes. Cultivars suitable for pot culture produce short, linear foliage ranging in length from 3 to 4 inches with a width of less than 1 inch. Strong pot cultivars produce more than one flower shoot per bulb. Each sturdy shoot grows 5 to 7 inches tall, bearing a compact cluster of brilliant flowers. Some clusters may produce up to 20 flowers.. Sun stars come in orange, yellow and white. Potted ornithogalum can be used indoors to brighten up the house. These plants are also ideal for window boxes, patio containers and planters early in the season, as soon as temperatures remain above freezing.. Ornithogalum Hybrids Are Compact And Colorful. Perhaps the ...
This is your first entry to the "Taxa hierarchy" display. You can modify these specifications at any time by clicking the "Change items displayed" button in the header.. Note: If you want your changes to be preserved for future sessions, you should login. To do this, click on the logo in the upper left corner.. ...
In the static coating procedure the entire column is filled with the coating solution and after filling one end of the column is sealed.. ...
o †Trematopsidae Williston, 1910 [incl.? Amphibamidae Moodie, 1909 sensu Yates & Warren 2000; Micropholidae Abel, 1919] ,?-o †Platyrhinops [Amphibamidae] , ,-- †P. lyelli , `-- †P. sp. cf. P. lyelli ,?-o †Amphibamus [Amphibamidae] , ,-- †A. grandiceps , `-- †A. lyelli (Wyman, 1858) [=? Platyrhinops lyelli] ,?- †Micropholis stowi Huxley, 1859 [taxonomic history] [Amphibamidae] ,?-o †Limnerpeton Fritsch, 1881 [= Fric] [taxonomic history] , `-- †L. modestum (Fric, 1876) (nomen dubium) [type] [taxonomic history] ,?-o †Actiobates , ,-- †A. peabodyi Eaton, 1973 , ,-- †A. pricei [=? Acheloma pricei Olson, 1940] , `-- †A. whitei [=? Acheloma whitei Olson, 1941] `--o †Trematopsidae sensu stricto ,-- †Anconastes vesperus Berman, Reisz & Eberth, 1987 `--+-- †Phonerpeton pricei (Olson, 1941) [Acheloma pricei Olson, 1940; Acheloma whitei Olson, 1941; Phonerpeton Dilkes, 1990] `--o †Acheloma Cope, 1882 [Trematops Williston, 1909] ,-- †A. cumminsi Cope, 1882 [Trematops ...
HemoHIM Plus Consumption Instruction: • One packet 20ml twice per day, 60 packets in total per box. • Is a liquid, paste-like substance taken orally. • Tastes a little bitter sweet(similar to prune juice) and most people become accustomed to the
This is an 18-year study of the endangered Papilio (Pterourus) homerus, adding substantial information to our scanty knowledge of its ecology. The contraction of a once contiguous but narrow populatio
Ingredient:This product contains Cortex Pseudolaricis, Sophora, Common Cnidium Fruit, Belvedere Fruit, White Moss Skin, Cortex Phellodendri,Honeylocust Thorn, Unicorn Lotus, Radix Stemonae, Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome, Seven Swords,Iron Holly, White Petroleum Jelly, Menthol, Purified Water, Chlorhexidine Acetate, etc. Applicable:Primary Treatment of Acute and Chronic Dermatitis, Neurodermatitis, Acute and Chronic Eczema,Atopic Dermatitis, Urticaria, Tinea (Athletes Foot, Liriodendron Wind),… Read More ». ...
SemenRX is a dietary supplement targeted for men and aims to give the body the necessary nutrients and increase semen production and provide a more intense orgasm. It will help you increase semen volume, produce whiter and thicker semen and boost sexual desire and energy as well. It is made of all natural ingredients that encourage semen and testosterone production in the testes. It is a non-prescription supplement and may be conveniently ordered online. The official website of SemenRx offers a 100% money back guarantee within the first 60 days upon purchase. Active ingredients include: L-Arginine, Maca, Selenium, Zinc, Horny Goat Weed, Vitamin C, Folic Acid, Cnidium Monnier, Muira Puama, Lecithin, Mucuna Pruriens, Gelatin, cellulose, magnesium stearate, and silicone dioxide. All these ingridients are blended in the right amounts to effectively enhance semen production and increase sexual appetite.. ...
The use of auxiliary separation mechanisms to manipulate the separation selectivity of metal complexes and organometallic species is reviewed. Auxiliary separation mechanisms included in the review are micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography, ion-pairing and ion-exchange electrokinetic chromatography. This paper discusses how these secondary mechanisms can be effectively employed to tailor separation selectivity.. ...
Abstract A method for the determination of histamine, 2-phenylethylamine, tryptamine, putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine and spermine in fish using micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) was developed. Seven biogenic amines (BAs) were extracted from a sample with 6% perchloric acid, then derivatized with benzoyl chloride. 0.02 mol/L borate buffer (pH 9.2) containing 0.06 mol/L sodium deoxycholate-methanol (95∶5, v/v)was used as a running buffer. The detection wavelength was set at 214 nm. The separation was achieved within 12 min. Good linearities were observed from the calibration plots in the concentration ranges. The detection limit of histamine was 15 μg/g and those of the other amines were 5 μg/g. The developed method was successfully employed for the simultaneous determination of 7 BAs in fish sample with satisfactory results. ...
Zhan, Q., Gusev, A., & Hercules, D. M. (1999). A novel interface for on-line coupling of liquid capillary chromatography with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization detection. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 13(22), 2278-2283 ...
It is clear that the column radius is the critical property of the system, significantly effecting both the column efficiency and the analysis time. It is also seen that the contribution to dispersion from longitudinal diffusion is the same for both columns and so the striking difference between the performance of the two columns depends solely on the effect of the column radius on the resistance to mass transfer terms. This is clearly illustrated by the large difference in slopes of the two linear curves for the resistance to mass transfer shown in figure 17.. ...
SWISS-MODEL Template Library (SMTL) entry for 2la2.1. Solution structure of papiliocin isolated from the swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus
A relative newcomer on the American houseplant and gardening scene, sun star (Ornithogalum dubium) gets its common name from the appearance of its bright, yellow to orange flowers held in clusters ...
G-LUX series 8 inch extension tube for G-LUX series mounting bases. Extension tubes can be combined for extensions greater than 8 inches. Compatible with G-LUX series plug and play LED spot/flood lights. |a href=/cat/glux-plug-and-play-landscape-lights/|See all compatible G-LUX series products and accessories|/a|. All products are instock and available to ship from Super Bright LEDs.
Due to the limitations of conventional treatment for endometriosis, many women with this condition turn to alternative therapies. However, there is no reliable scientific evidence to indicate that any natural treatment can relieve or heal endometriosis.. Traditional Chinese herbal medicine is one of the more commonly used alternative approaches to endometriosis. Chinese medical theory has its own unique way of interpreting the condition, using such concepts as "blood stasis" and "obstructed Qi." It employs herbal combinations along with acupuncture in the hopes of restoring normal health. Commonly used herbs include corydalis, cnidium, bupleurum, dong quai, and perilla. Unfortunately, no double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of Chinese herbs for endometriosis have been conducted. A trial comparing Chinese herbal therapy to standard therapy is currently underway. Magnet therapy has been proposed for the treatment of many chronic pain conditions. However, a double-blind, placebo-controlled study ...
Chinese herbs contain various combinations for treating toenail fungal infection. By using this combination method, the medicine becomes more effective towards the fungal infection. For example: Fungo off remedy contains combination of atractylodis, plantago, dictammus, alisma, tribulus, kochia, scute, gympsum, phellodendron citrus viride, citrus peel, capilaris, poria, tokoro and cicade moulting is highly potent against fungal infections. An oral anti-fungal drug treatment for toe nail fungus may produce side effects. But the above mentioned Chinese medicine is cheap and effective towards toe nail fungal infection. There is also a "Fungo Lotion" that can be use to kill the fungus that spreads beneath or around the nails. The above mentioned "Fungo Lotion" contains melia, dictamium, borel and cnidium in a vinegar-sugar combination solution. This solution acts as a poison for the fungus and thus dies ...
Studies of the capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) behaviour of 1,4-benzodiazepines have seen application in subject areas such as the development of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic toxicology. In the development of pharmaceuticals, pK(a) determinations by CZE can be used in preclinical studies whereas analytical data on the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepines is of value primarily in raw material/formulation assay and in the analysis of body fluids in clinical studies. The capillary electrophoresis (CE) techniques, which generally have inferior limits of detection (LOD) to rival techniques such as gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), are particularly applicable in forensic toxicology where reasonably high concentrations of these drugs can be encountered. It is anticipated that, with the interfacing of CZE: and capillary electrochromatography (CEC) with mass ...
SIMON, Brigitta; HANCU, Gabriel and GYERESI, Árpád. Application of capillary electrophoresis to the simultaneous determination and stability study of four extensively used penicillin derivatives. Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. [online]. 2014, vol.50, n.3, pp.521-527. ISSN 1984-8250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-82502014000300010.. The applicability of capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of four extensively used penicillin derivatives (benzylpenicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin, oxacilllin) has been studied. Because of structural similarities, the electrophoretic behavior of these derivatives is very similar; consequently an efficient separation using the conventional capillary zone electrophoresis is hard to be achieved. Their simultaneous separation was solved by using micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography, the separation being based on the differential partition of the analytes between the micellar and aqueous phase. Using a buffer solution containing 25 mM sodium tetraborate and ...
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common type of primary and malignant tumor occurring in the adult central nervous system. GBM often invades surrounding regions of the brain during its early stages, making successful treatment difficult. Osthole, an active constituent isolated from the dried C. monnieri fruit, has been shown to suppress tumor migration and invasion. However, the effects of osthole in human GBM are largely unknown. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is important for the metastasis of cancer cells. Results from this study show that osthole can not only induce cell death but also inhibit phosphorylation of FAK in human GBM cells. Results from this study show that incubating GBM cells with osthole reduces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 expression and cell motility, as assessed by cell transwell and wound healing assays. This study also provides evidence supporting the potential of osthole in reducing FAK activation, MMP-13 expression, and cell motility in human GBM cells.
Pixdaus.com is an environmental photo-bookmarking and sharing service. All the pictures are uploaded by users and the copyrights belong to the rightholders. You can request a removal using the Copyright flag link below each image if you find an image that shouldnt belong here ...
Britton Gildersleeve is a third culture kid. Years spent living on the margins - in places with exotic names and food shortages - have left her with a visceral response to folks without, as well as a desire to live her Buddhism in an engaged fashion. Shes a writer and a teacher, the former director of a federal non-profit for teachers who write. She believes that if we talk to each other, we can learn to love each other (but shes still learning how). And she believes in tea. She is (still) working on her beginners heart ...
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Plant species differ in their ability to transform available resources to biomass and to respond in a plastic way to environmental circumstances; we hypothesized that such differences among four weed taxa of Papaver would explain differences in their competitive response. We first compared two populations each of Papaver rhoeasL., P.dubiumL. ssp. dubium, P.dubiumL. ssp. lecoqii (Lamotte) Syme and P.argemoneL., grown in a greenhouse for 6 weeks in a nutrient gradient combined with two light treatments to elucidate possible differences in responses. As there were clear differences, a second experiment evaluated whether these differences also meant differences in competitive response, during early growth, when tested against two crops (wheat, rape). The assumption that competitive response was linked to the ability to transform nutrient and light to biomass was not supported: even though differences in extent of plasticity existed, the effect of competition was similar for the taxa. Thus, higher ...
o Anomalogonatae Garrod, 1874 ,?-o †Fluvioviridavidae Mayr, 2005a , ,-- †Fluvioviridavis platyrhamphus Mayr & Daniels, 2001 [former paratype of †Prefica nivea Olson, 1987 [Caprimulgiformes: Steatornithidae]] , `-- †Eurofluvioviridavis robustipes Mayr, 2005a ,?-o †Gracilitarsidae Mayr, 2001 , ,?- †Eutreptodactylus itaboraiensis Baird & Vickers-Rich, 1997; Pal. SA. [nomen dubium, specimen lost] , `-- †Gracilitarsus mirabilis Mayr, 1998 ,?-o †Zygodactylus [Anomalogonatae incertae sedis: Zygodactylidae] , ,-- †Z. ignotus , `-- †Z. grivensis `--+--o Coliimorphae (hiirolintujenkaltaiset) , `-- Coliiformes Murie, 1972 [incl. †Sandcoleiformes Houde & Olson, 1992] (mousebirds; hiirolinnut) [Recent: 2 genera / 5 species] ,--o Strigimorphae (owl-like birds; pöllöjenkaltaiset) , ,-- Strigiformes (owls; pöllölinnut) [Recent: 24 genera / 180 species] , `--+== "Caprimulgiformes" sensu Wetmore, 1960 (goatsuckers, nightjars; kehrääjälinnut) [Recent: 22 genera / 115 species] ...
Peltiera Du Puy & Labat is a Malagasy genus of two described species thought probably to be extinct at the time of its publication in 1997, when it was known only from a total of three pre-1950 collections. However, recent field work in east-central Madagascar has resulted in the discovery of still extant populations, and therefore it is now possible to reconsider the phylogenetic position and status of the genus and its two species. Phylogenetic analyses based on molecular (chloroplast trnK and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences) and morphological data corroborate the close relationship between Peltiera and Ormocarpopsis R. Vig., a genus of six species, also endemic to Madagascar. Peltiera differs from Ormocarpopsis mainly by having articulated, dehiscent fruits, and the two genera together are, in turn, sister to the widespread but mainly African Ormocazpum P. Beauv. Morphological, distributional and habitat data gathered from the new collections show that only a single species of Peltiera can be ...
Berezkin, V.G.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryayeva, V.Ye.; Nomura, N., Gas-chromatographic separation of monoalkylphenols on polar and non-polar phases by means of capillary chromatography, Pet. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 37, 2, 161-167. 16 matching species were found. For each matching species the following will be displayed: ...
See the latest titanium machining advancements that can significantly lower your cost per part, including new methods for increased metal removal rates with extended tool life ...
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) comprises a family of related separation techniques in which an electric field is used to achieve the separation of components in a mixture. One of the key features of CE is the simplicity of the instrumentation required, and today, these techniques have become powerful analytical tools for high efficiency separation, and the identification of a variety of ionic and neutral compounds.. Moreover, the versatility of CE operational modes (capillary zone electrophoresis, micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography, capillary electrochromatography, capillary isoelectric focusing, isotachophoresis, non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis, etc.) and detection systems (ultraviolet, fluorescence, amperometric, mass spectrometry…) make CE useful for applications in many fields such as environmental, food, pharmaceutical, and forensic analysis. The typcial drawback of CE techniques, based on their low sensitivity when dealing with conventional UV-detection, due to their ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF METALLOTHIONEIN ISOFORMS BY CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS. AU - RICHARDS, M P AU - BEATTIE, J H PY - 1995/7/7. Y1 - 1995/7/7. N2 - We have investigated free-solution capillary electrophoresis (FSCE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) separations of metallothionein (MT) isoforms conducted in uncoated and surface-modified fused-silica capillaries. At alkaline pH, FSCE rapidly resolves isoforms belonging to the MT-1 and MT-2 charge classes. At acidic pH, additional resolution of MT isoforms is achieved. The use of high-ionic-strength (0.5 M) phosphate buffers can result in high peak efficiencies and increased resolution for some MT isoforms. Interior capillary surface coatings such as polyamine and linear polyacrylamide polymers permit separation of MT isoforms with enhanced resolution through their effects on electroosmotic flow (EOF) and protein-wall interactions. Improvements in MT isoform resolution can ...
A method for simultaneous determination of polyamines and catecholamines in cell extracts by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography with UV detection at 254 nm was established at the first time. The polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) and catecholamines (dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine and epinephrine) were extracted from PC-12 cells and were derivatized with 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate. Different derivatization conditions such as temperature, ratio of derivatization reagents and incubation time were investigated to find the best reaction condition which gave the highest detection sensitivity for polyamines and catecholamines. The influence of running buffer and additives on the separation such as pH, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) concentrations and various additives was also investigated. Separation was achieved within 20 min with good repeatability in a 100 mM boric acid buffer containing 10 mM SDS and 10 mM 18-crown-6 at a pH of 9.5. The detection limit
A methodology for the determination of tomato phenolic acids and flavonoids has been developed combining MEKC and DAD detection. The influence on polyphenol separation of pH and background electrolyte, BGE (borax, acetonitrile, methanol and SDS concentrations), was studied and optimized using response surface methodology and weighted desirability function. Separation of polyphenols was achieved within 20 min at 15 °C using 11.3 mM borax and 11.2 mM SDS adjusted to pH 8.5 as BGE. Validation was performed using standards and tomato extracts. Recoveries ranged from 77 to 106%. Acceptable repeatabilities were obtained for peak area (%RSD ,3.1% and ,3.7%) and migration times (%RSD ,0.2% and ,1.4%) for intra- and inter-day respectively. Detection limits ranged between 0.8 and 3.8 mg kg−1. Five and seven of these polyphenols were determined in samples of tomato and related species. This methodology will be valuable tool in breeding programs, analyzing a large number of samples. [-] ...
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ID A0A194QD04_PAPXU Unreviewed; 839 AA. AC A0A194QD04; DT 05-OCT-2016, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 05-OCT-2016, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 6. DE RecName: Full=V-type proton ATPase subunit a {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; GN ORFNames=RR46_02787 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KPJ02860.1}; OS Papilio xuthus (Asian swallowtail butterfly). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Ecdysozoa; Arthropoda; Hexapoda; Insecta; OC Pterygota; Neoptera; Holometabola; Lepidoptera; Glossata; Ditrysia; OC Papilionoidea; Papilionidae; Papilioninae; Papilio. OX NCBI_TaxID=66420 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KPJ02860.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000053268}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KPJ02860.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000053268} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Yaa_city_454_Px {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KPJ02860.1}; RC TISSUE=Whole body {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KPJ02860.1}; RX PubMed=26354079; DOI=10.1038/ncomms9212; RA Li X., Fan D., Zhang W., Liu G., Zhang L., Zhao L., Fang X., Chen L., RA Dong Y., Chen Y., Ding ...
At recommended doses, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, anti-edema and anti-allergic effect. Anti-inflammatory effect is realized by the interaction of the drug with the receptors glucocorticosteroids. Inhibits proliferation of mast cells, eosinophils, lymphocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, reduces the production and release of mediators of inflammation and other testosterone cypionate vs enanthate biologically active agents (including histamine, prostaglandins, leukotrienes,… ...
This is, indeed, one of the most interesting examples of dimorphism known, since it is limited not only sexually, but geographically. It is found only where the insect develops more than one brood a year: at first, farther north, where there are but two annual broods, in a feeble way; but farther south, and apparently only where a third brood becomes common, to such an extent that nearly or quite all the females share it, and the species becomes completely antigenic, i. e., all the males are of one color and all the females of another. Yet though it appears to require the occurrence of a third, or at least of a second, brood to develop this antigenic quality, the feature is not at all confined to the later broods, but occurs to an equal extent in the spring brood. From its geographical limitation to regions where the species is more than single-brooded, we should naturally presume that this variation first arose in a summer brood ; that it should have extended so as to include the spring brood ...
Troides minos, the southern birdwing, is a large and striking Swallowtail butterfly endemic to Peninsular India. With a wingspan of 140-190 mm, it is the largest butterfly of India. It was earlier considered a subspecies of the common birdwing (Troides helena) but is now recognised as a valid species. The species is more common in the Western Ghats, which is a biodiversity hotspot with a high degree of endemism in many taxa. It is much sought after by collectors and is a highlight of many butterfly tours in the Western Ghats. It is the state butterfly of Karnataka, India. For terms see External morphology of Lepidoptera. Description from Charles Thomas Bingham (1907) The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma, Butterflies. Volume II. Male and female. Differs from Troides helena cerberus as follows. Male: Hindwing: the black along the dorsal and terminal margins both on upper and undersides much broader; on the upperside entirely filling interspace 1, on the underside with only a ...
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Phenoxybenzamine (PBZ) is an FDA approved α-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist that is currently used to treat symptoms of pheochromocytoma. However, it has not been studied as a neuroprotective agent for traumatic brain injury (TBI). While screening neuroprotective candidates, we found that phenoxybenzamine reduced neuronal death in rat hippocampal slice cultures following exposure to oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD). Using this system, we found that phenoxybenzamine reduced neuronal death over a broad dose range (0.1 µM-1 mM) and provided efficacy when delivered up to 16 h post-OGD. We further tested phenoxybenzamine in the rat lateral fluid percussion model of TBI. When administered 8 h after TBI, phenoxybenzamine improved neurological severity scoring and foot fault assessments. At 25 days post injury, phenoxybenzamine treated TBI animals also showed a significant improvement in both learning and memory compared to saline treated controls. We further examined gene expression changes within the
Incihaku.fi on ilmainen yli 19000 hakusanan kosmetiikan sanasto. Incihaku-palvelussa voit hakea tietoa kosmetiikan ainesosista ja niiden INCI-nimistä sekä kosmetiikassa käytettävistä kasveista.
by Miyata, Hiroshi and Miyata, Hiroshi and Sugimura, Keijirou and Sugimura, Keijirou and Yamasaki, Makoto and Yamasaki, Makoto and Makino, Tomoki and Makino, Tomoki and Tanaka, Koji and Tanaka, Koji and Morii, Eiichi and Morii, Eiichi and Omori, Takeshi and Omori, Takeshi and Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi and Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi and Yanagimoto, Yoshitomo and Yanagimoto, Yoshitomo and Yano, Masahiko and Yano, Masahiko and Nakatsuka, Shinichi and Nakatsuka, Shinichi and Mori, Masaki and Mori, Masaki and Doki, Yuichiro and Doki, Yuichiro ...
Singh S, Chang A, Helmich KE, Bingman CA, Wrobel RL, Beebe ET, Makino S, Aceti DJ, Dyer K, Hura GL, Sunkara M, Morris AJ, Phillips GN Jr, Thorson ...
The marbled lungfish (Protopterus aethiopicus) is a lungfish of the family Protopteridae. Also known as the leopard lungfish, it is found in Africa. At 133 billion base pairs it has the largest known genome of any vertebrate and one of the largest of any organism on Earth, along with Polychaos dubium and Paris japonica at 670 billion and 150 billion, respectively. The marbled lungfish is smooth, elongated, and cylindrical with deeply embedded scales. The tail is very long and has tapers at the end. They can reach a length of up to 2 m (6.6 ft). The pectoral and pelvic fins are also very long and thin, almost spaghetti-like, used for gliding through the water. The newly hatched young have branched external gills much like those of newts. After two to three months, the young metamorphose into the adult form, losing their external gills for gill openings. These fish have a yellowish gray or pinkish-toned ground color with dark slate-gray splotches, creating a marbling or leopard effect over their ...
In 1918 Sidney Haughton named a small collection of tiny sauropodomorph bones from the Elliot Formation, near the town of Maclear, Eastern Cape, as Thecodontosaurus minor. There isnt much to the specimen, just a cervical vertebra, a tibia and a fragmentary ischium. This little guy has remained in almost complete obscurity ever since it was named. All recent treatments that even give it a mention regard it as either a nomen dubium, or as a synonym of Massospondylus carinatus. However there are some odd things about these remains that suggest this taxon deserves a closer look. Firstly it is very small, with the tibia just over 10 cm, a length not much greater than that of Microraptor zhaoianus which is widely cited as the smallest non-avian dinosaur. Usually T. minor is dismissed as a juvenile but this is not necessarily the case because it appears that the neurocentral suture of the cervical vertebra is closed. I freely admit that Ive only ever given the specimen a cursory look, and that this ...
Hylaedactylus carnaticus Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 533. Types: Not stated; presumably originally in ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: the Carnatic, South India. This nomen dubium tentatively suggested to be a senior synonym by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 91. Callula variegata Stoliczka, 1872, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1872: 111. Syntypes: one, lent to me by Dr. Anderson, in the Indian Museum [now ZSIC]and the other in my collection: ZSIC 2761 according to Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: viii, 24. Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 94, reported, apparently erroneously that BMNH 74.11.12.2, might be a syntype. NHMW 4019 (presumably erroneously) reported as a syntype by Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 14, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 18. BMNH 74. 11. 12. 2 and ZSIC 2761 reported as possible ...
Buy Flora Nordica, Volume 6: Thymelaeaceae - Apiaceae [English] (9789186510619): NHBS - Edited By: Bengt Jonsell and Thomas Karlsson, Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences
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On the forum Brazilieforum.nl I have installed the Knowledge Base extension. Unfortunately it looks like Google seems to have crawl errors with all the URLs from this extension. Only these specific URLs are not indexed by Gooogle as google is not able to fetch them ...
Tariq Dixon and Nick Nemechek founded TRNK in 2014 as a destination for covetable, yet practical design. After scouring the globe for several years and interacting with countless products, they realized definite voids in the market for items they considered essential. The TRNK Collection was born out of a desire to create foundational pieces for the home, designed and produced to endure for decades. The collection updates timeless forms with modern details, while committing to premium quality at an accessible price ...
Thanks for explaining how to tell a monarch sex, even if I still cannot do this. I know that eastern yellow swallowtails have different coloration between male and female and thats the extent of my knowledge of butterfly sexes. I am with you on not liking wasps of any kind, Steve. And, of course the cat didnt spill the water bucket!. ReplyDelete ...
DEMDA AYUMI , MORI YUKIO , YOKOSE YOSHIHIKO , UCHIDA KAZUHIKO , MURATA YOSHIAKI , MAKINO TAKAO , TSUTSUMI MASAHIRO , KONISHI YOICHI The annual proceedings of Gifu College of Pharmacy 35, 83, 1986-06-30 ...
1. A novel arctigenin-containing latex glove prevents latex allergy by inhibiting type I/IV allergic reactions. Wang YX, Xue DT, Liu M, Zhou ZM, Shang J. A novel arctigenin-containing latex glove prevents latex allergy by inhibiting type I/IV allergic reactions. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines 2016; 14(3): 185-195. (doi:10.1016/S1875-5364(16)30015-2). Abstract. Wang and colleagues aimed at developing a natural compound with anti-allergic effect as well as stability under latex glove manufacturing conditions and investigated whether its anti-allergic effect could be maintained after its addition into the latex. The effects of nine natural compounds on growth of the RBL-2H3 cells and mouse primary spleen lymphocytes were determined using MTT assay. The compounds examined included glycyrrhizin, osthole, tetrandrine, tea polyphenol, catechin, arctigenin, oleanolic acid, baicalin and oxymatrine. An ELISA assay was used for the in vitro anti-type I/IV allergy screening; in this process ...
Phytother Res. 2014 Mar;28(3):471-4. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5020. Epub 2013 Jun 7. Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt
Adult behavior: Adults (predominantly males) sip moisture from mud (Opler and Krizek 1984) - probably for sodium (Arms et al. 1974). Adults of both sexes sip nectar from flowers. Coastal sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia L.), pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata L.), and thistles (Cirsium spp.), are reported to be particularly attractive as nectar sources (Opler and Krizek 1984, Tyler 1975). Palamedes swallowtails are considered the primary pollinators of sandhill thistle (Cirsium repandum Michaux) (Theis and Raguso 2005) and orange-fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris (L.)Lindl.) (Chupp et al. 2015).. Many plants are valuable as nectar sources for Palamedes swallowtails. Minno and Minno (1999) have extensive lists of both native and exotic nectar plants for butterflies. Most states have native plant societies that are valuable sources of information on native plants and many also hold native plant sales. For a list and contact information for native plant societies, see the American Horticultural ...
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ConclusionThe finding suggested that LC had the ability to protect neurons by promoting the endogenous proliferation of neuroblast and production of neural differentiation factor in rats after ischemia injury. Meanwhile, LC can anti-neuroinflammation, which is important for the treatment of neuron injury. Accordingly, LC perhaps a promising medicine for neuron damage therapy after cerebral ischemi...
Affiliation:順天堂大学,医学部,准教授, Research Field:Eating habits,Integrated Nutrition Science,General physiology,Neurophysiology and muscle physiology, Keywords:虚血再灌流障害,一酸化窒素,低マグネシウム血症,心筋保護,血管内皮細胞,骨格筋,アルギニン,ミトコンドリア,プロスタノイド,TRPM7チャネル, # of Research Projects:8, # of Research Products:7, Ongoing Project:マグネシウム欠乏による高血圧発症の生理学的メカニズムの解明
Based on morphology and molecular data, a new species Semenovia gyirongensis Q.Y.Xiao & X.J.He, from Gyirong County, Xizang, China, is described and illustrated. It is morphologically most similar to S. malcolmii (Hemsley & Pearson) Pimenov, but differs in its cylindric much-branched root, intensively branching long underground caudex with distinct nodes, narrowly ovate to ovate terminal leaf lobes, oblong bracts with obtuse-rounded or cuneate apex.
by Eversmann, D and Hejny, V and Hinder, F and Kacharava, A and Pretz, J and Rathmann, F and Rosenthal, M and Trinkel, F and Andrianov, S and Augustyniak, W and Bagdasarian, Z and Bai, M and Bernreuther, W and Bertelli, S and Berz, M and Bsaisou, J and Chekmenev, S and Chiladze, D and Ciullo, G and Contalbrigo, M and De Vries, J and Dymov, S and Engels, R and Esser, F.M and Felden, O and Gaisser, M and Gebel, R and Glückler, H and Goldenbaum, F and Grigoryev, K and Grzonka, D and Guidoboni, G and Hanhart, C and Heberling, D and Hempelmann, N and Hetzel, J and Hipple, R and Hölscher, D and Ivanov, A and Kamerdzhiev, V and Kamys, B and Keshelashvili, I and Khoukaz, A and Koop, I and Krause, H.-J and Krewald, S and Kulikov, A and Lehrach, A and Lenisa, P and Lomidze, N and Lorentz, B and Maanen, P and Macharashvili, G and Magiera, A and Maier, R and Makino, K and Mariański, B and Mchedlishvili, D and Meißner, U.-G and Mey, S and Nass, A and Natour, G and Nikolaev, N and Nioradze, M and Nogga, A ...
Ingredients. Dang Gui 當歸 tangkuei, Chinese angelica root Radix Angelicae Sinensis [supports pregnancy]. Chai Hu 柴胡 hares ear root, thorowax root, bupleurum Radix Bupleuri [caution]. Sheng Di Huang 生地黃 Chinese foxglove root, rehmannia (fresh),Rehmannia root Radix Rehmanniae Glutinosae. Chi Shao 赤芍 red peony root Radix Peoniae Rubrae. Niu Bang Zi 牛蒡子 great burdock fruit, arctium Fructus Arctii Lappae. Chuan Xiong 川芎 Sichuan lovage root, cnidium, chuanxiong root Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong. Huang Qin 黃苓 baical skullcap root, scutellaria, scute Radix Scutellariae Baicalensis [supports pregnancy]. Zhi Zi 梔子 cape jasmine fruit, gardenia Gardeniae Fructus. Tian Hua Fen 天花粉 trichosanthes root Radix Trichosanthis Kirilowii [dont use if pregnant]. Gan Cao 甘草 licorice root Radix Glycyrrhizae [caution]. Fang Feng 防風 saposhnikovia root, ledebouriella root, siler Radix Ledebouriellae Divaricatae. Lian Qiao 連翹 forsythia fruit Forsythiae Fructus. ...
In 1918 Sidney Haughton named a small collection of tiny sauropodomorph bones from the Elliot Formation, near the town of Maclear, Eastern Cape, as Thecodontosaurus minor. There isnt much to the specimen, just a cervical vertebra, a tibia and a fragmentary ischium. This little guy has remained in almost complete obscurity ever since it was named. All recent treatments that even give it a mention regard it as either a nomen dubium, or as a synonym of Massospondylus carinatus. However there are some odd things about these remains that suggest this taxon deserves a closer look. Firstly it is very small, with the tibia just over 10 cm, a length not much greater than that of Microraptor zhaoianus which is widely cited as the smallest non-avian dinosaur. Usually T. minor is dismissed as a juvenile but this is not necessarily the case because it appears that the neurocentral suture of the cervical vertebra is closed. I freely admit that Ive only ever given the specimen a cursory look, and that this ...
From the light petroleum extract of Libanotis buchtormensis(Fisch.) D.C. fruits paraffins, terpenic hydrocarbons, coumarins (bergapten, imperatorin, isoimperatorin, bergaptol, osthol, isoaculeatin, mexoticin, xanthotoxin), sesquiterpenic alcohols (nerolidol, bisabolol, eudesmol) and β-sitosterol were isolated.. ...
Step 4 : Add another layer, and start drawing the outline. I chose the colour black (RGB = 0,0,0), pixel size 25, opacity 100%. There is a "Layers" tab in which you can make the background visible or invisible (click the eyeball icon), and that helps to be able to check your work as you go, especially on the dark areas. I drew it in segments, so that I could Ctrl-Z (undo) any segment that didnt look good. Note that I added in my own flower bud behind. When improvising, it is useful to turn the background off ...
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Uleiul esential de fenicul dulce se obtine din fructele de fenicul, o planta condiment din familia Apiaceae, originara din bazinul mediteranean. Feniculul are o aroma calda si dulce, asemanatoare anasonului, chimenului sau mararului.

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Cnidium cnidiifolium is a species of flowering plant in the parsley family, Apiaceae. Its common names include northern hemlock ... "Cnidium cnidiifolium". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ... Cnidium cnidiifolium. NatureServe. 2013. Hultén, E. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories. 1968.. ...
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Cnidium officinale Makino extract induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-3 and p53 in human liver cancer HepG2 cellsCnidium officinale Makino extract induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-3 and p53 in human liver cancer HepG2 cells

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Erratum: Osthol, a Coumarin Isolated from Common Cnidium Fruit, Enhances the Differentiation and Maturation of Osteoblasts in...Erratum: Osthol, a Coumarin Isolated from Common Cnidium Fruit, Enhances the Differentiation and Maturation of Osteoblasts in...

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She Chuang Zi - Cnidium seed - Snakes Bed Seeds | Chinese Herbal MedicineShe Chuang Zi - Cnidium seed - "Snake's Bed Seeds" | Chinese Herbal Medicine

Nature: acrid, bitter, warm Enters: Kidney Topical Actions: Dries dampness; kills parasites; stops itching. Topical Indications: • Dampness: eczema
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Cnidium. Cnidium monnieri is an annual flowering plant native to Asia and introduced to Europe and the US. ... While cnidium seed is considered safe for oral consumption, the essential oil extracted from it should not be ingested unless ... For over 2,000 years, the Chinese have used cnidium to treat skin diseases such as acne and eczema well as other skin ... Studies show that cnidium possesses anti-itch, antihistaminic, antibacterial, antifungal and astringent properties. ...
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Sumpfbrennsaat (Cnidium venosum KOCH, C. dubium THEIL.), Teil der Fruchtdolde (1895) , Karl Blossfeldt. Karl Blossfeldt. ...
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Cnidium Herb Powder (30mg). Commonly called Cnidium monnieri, this herb is often used in traditional Chinese medicine to aid ... According to The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, Cnidium herb may help with the treatment of erectile dysfunction and ...
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蛇床子 Cnidium fruit (Shechuangzi) Pharmaceutical Name: Fructus Cnidii Botanical Name: Cnidium monnieri [...] ... Cnidium Fruit (She Chuang Zi). By Grace Chen,2015-04-06T17:37:27+00:00January 1st, 2015,Categories: Love, Medicinal Herbs,Tags ...
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Cnidium Monnieri Fruit Powder. Cnidium Monnieri Fruit Powder - also called Moniers snowparsley - is a naturally derived ... "Anti-adipogenic chromone glycosides from Cnidium monnieri fruits in 3T3-L1 cells". Volume 22, Issue 19, 1 October 2012, pages ...
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  • Cnidium monnieri has properties similar to commonly-prescribed PDE-5 inhibitor drugs - like sildenafil (Viagra:1998), tadalafil (Cialis: 2003), vardenafil (Levitra: 2003) and avanafil (Stendra: 2012). (nootriment.com)
  • According to Pure Bulk, "Cnidium fruits are traditionally used for anti-viral properties, skin rashes and breakouts, as pro-erectile agents (in men) and gynecoprotective (in women), anti-osteoporotic as well as antidiabetic and sometimes anti-inflammatory. (nootriment.com)
  • In TCM, Cnidium monnieri is considered a bitter (supports liver health), acrid (antispasmodic) and warm (promotes various physiological functions) herb. (nootriment.com)
  • Cnidium is an annual herb, height leaf is alternate, ellipsoidal, 2-4 mm long, about 2 mm in diameter. (alibaba.com)
  • Furthermore, Cnidium seed has disinfectant qualities and may be used externally as a wash on sores, particularly in the genital region. (yuhuibio.com)
  • It's not surprising that cnidium is a common ingredient in Chinese lotions, creams, and ointments. (webmd.com)
  • when testing a variety of traditional herbs (n=33 in total, 6 found to be effective) touted to suppress skin irritation, Cnidium appears to be the most effective in inhibiting substance-P induced itching behaviour in mice. (yuhuibio.com)
  • Cnidium is applied directly to the skin for itchiness, rashes , eczema , and ringworm . (webmd.com)
  • There has been very little human research to examine the proposed effects and health benefits of Cnidium. (nootriment.com)