A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. Members contain osthol.
A large plant family in the order Apiales, also known as Umbelliferae. Most are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. The flowers often form a conspicuous flat-topped umbel. Each small individual flower is usually bisexual, with five sepals, five petals, and an enlarged disk at the base of the style. The fruits are ridged and are composed of two parts that split open at maturity.
Compounds with two triple bonds. Some of them are CYTOTOXINS.
Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).
Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A CHROMATOGRAPHY method using supercritical fluid, usually carbon dioxide under very high pressure (around 73 atmospheres or 1070 psi at room temperature) as the mobile phase. Other solvents are sometimes added as modifiers. This is used both for analytical (SFC) and extraction (SFE) purposes.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).
A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.
Material prepared from plants.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE.
Deciduous plant rich in volatile oil (OILS, VOLATILE). It is used as a flavoring agent and has many other uses both internally and topically.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain chicoric and chlorogenic acids and germacrane- and eudesmane-type SESQUITERPENES.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.

Anti-allergic effects of cnidii monnieri fructus (dried fruits of Cnidium monnieri) and its major component, osthol. (1/10)

Anti-allergic effects (types I and IV) of the 70% ethanol extract (CM-ext) obtained from Cnidii Monnieri Fructus (dried fruits of Cnidium monnieri) were investigated on 48 h homologous passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA), 2, 4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced contact dermatitis and picryl chloride (PC)-induced contact dermatitis in experimental animals. CM-ext showed inhibitory effects on these allergic models. Osthol isolated from CM-ext also had the inhibitory effects. These results suggested that Cnidii Monnieri Fructus might be useful as an agent for allergic diseases and that its anti-allergic effect was partially attributable to a coumarin derivative, osthol.  (+info)

Total coumarins from fruits of Cnidium monnieri inhibit formation and differentiation of multinucleated osteoclasts of rats. (2/10)

AIM: To determine the effects of TCFC (total comarins from the fruits of Cnidium monnieri) on the activity of osteoclasts in vitro. METHODS: Osteoclasts isolated from rat marrow cells were co-cultured with osteoblasts under the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamine D3. The tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) stain was used to identify osteoclast morphology. The activity of TRAP was measured by p-nitrophenyl sodium phosphate assay. The resorption pit area on the bone slices formed by osteoclasts was measured by computer image processing. Calcium concentration in the medium of co-culture of bone slices and osteoclasts was determined by atomic absorption spectra. RESULTS: TCFC 2.5-25 mg/L inhibited osteoclast formation and differentiation. TCFC 0.25-25 mg/L inhibited TRAP activity of osteoclasts and TCFC 25 mg/L decreased the TRAP activity by 26.3 % and 24.1 % after 48 h and 72 h, respectively. TCFC 25 mg/L decreased the osteoclastic bone resorption pit area by 25.05 % and Ca2+ release from bone slices by 41.73 %. CONCLUSION: TCFC reduced the bone lose by decreasing the osteoclast formation, its TRAP activity, and osteoclastic bone resorption.  (+info)

Ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Cnidium officinale MAKINO inhibits neuronal cell death by reduction of excessive nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-treated rat hippocampal slice cultures and microglia cells. (3/10)

In the present work, we found that the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of Cnidium officinale MAKINO (COEA) decreased nitric oxide (NO) production in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 and primary microglia and suppressed expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in BV-2 cells with the same pattern of NO production. In addition, we showed that excessive NO production played an important role in neuronal cell death in LPS-treated rat hippocampal slice cultures. Our data suggest that the COEA inhibits neuronal cell death by reduction of excessive NO production in LPS-treated rat hippocampal slice cultures. The ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of C. officinale reduced propidium iodide uptake and NO production in cultured media at the same time.  (+info)

Enemy-free space maintains swallowtail butterfly host shift. (4/10)

Natural enemies can be significant sources of mortality for herbivorous insects and therefore important agents of natural selection. One might expect selection to favor herbivores that escape from their natural enemies into enemy-free space. Although this is an appealing idea, it has received little empirical support, and no studies have documented enemy-free space as part of a nonagricultural, nonartificial host shift. The Alaskan swallowtail butterfly, Papilio machaon aliaska, uses as host plants a species in the family Apiaceae (Cnidium cnidiifolium) along with two Asteraceae species (Artemisia arctica and Petasites frigidus). I analyzed growth and survival of P. m. aliaska larvae in the field on the three host plants in treatments that either exposed or protected them from predators. I found that, in the presence of predators, larval survival is greater on the novel hosts (Asteraceae) than on the ancestral host (Apiaceae), but that in the absence of predators survival and growth are greater on the ancestral host. These results are a demonstration of enemy-free space as a mechanism for maintaining a naturally occurring host shift.  (+info)

Comparison of micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography on fingerprint of Cnidium monnieri. (5/10)

In our studies, micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) was employed in fingerprint analysis of Cnidium monnieri for the first time. Average chromatography of 10 batches Cnidium monnieri from Jiangsu province, China, which have long been considered as the original and genuine herbal medicine, was first established as the characteristic fingerprint. Within 25 min the major effective components were separated by 18 mM borate, 12 mM phosphate and 50 mM SDS (pH 9.2) containing 20% methanol. The relative standard deviations of migration times and peak areas were less than 5%. As a new approach of fingerprint, MKCE was compared to the conventional approach-HPLC in our experiments. The fingerprint developed by HPLC comprised 8 peaks that were collected within 40 min. Relative standard deviation (RSD) values of retention times of corresponding peaks in HPLC analysis were very small (maximum 3% and average 0.9%). In conclusion, each two methods had its advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, besides HPLC, MEKC as a feasible method, could be used in the development of fingerprint of Cnidium monnieri.  (+info)

Therapeutic effect of osthole on hyperlipidemic fatty liver in rats. (6/10)

AIM: To study the effects of osthole on hyperlipidemic fatty liver and investigate the possible mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model with hyperlipidemic fatty liver was successfully established by feeding fatty milk for 6 weeks. The experimental rats were then treated with 5-20 mg/kg osthole for 6 weeks. The mouse hyperlipidemic model was induced by feeding fatty milk when they were treated with 10-20 mg/kg osthole for 3 weeks. RESULTS: After treatment with osthole, the levels of rat serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol significantly decreased as compared with the fatty liver model group (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01). Hepatic weight and its coefficient, the hepatic tissue contents of TC, TG, and malondialdehyde, also significantly decreased (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01). In fatty milk-induced hyperlipidemic mice, the post-heparin plasma activities of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), hepatic lipase (HL), and total lipase (TL) significantly increased after treatment with 10-20 mg/kg osthole for 3 weeks (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01). Importantly, the histological evaluation of rat liver demonstrated that osthole dramatically decreased lipid accumulation (P< 0.01). CONCLUSION: Osthole was found to have therapeutic effects on fatty milk-induced rat fatty liver; the mechanisms might be associated with its anti-oxidation and the elevation of the activities of LPL and HL.  (+info)

Molecular identification of "Chuanxiong" by nucleotide sequence and multiplex single base extension analysis on chloroplast trnK gene. (7/10)

Chloroplast trnK gene sequences of Cnidium officinale and Ligusticum chuanxiong were determined to establish an effective method for identifying Japanese Senkyu and Chinese Chuanxiong, the two which have the same drug name in Chinese characters, similar external feature, but different botanical origins. Three sites of nucleotide differences were found between these 2 species at positions 767,924 and 964 from upstream in trnK gene sequence, allowing molecular identification of the two plants and crude drugs. Further, three kinds of specific primers of 14 mer, 23 mer and 30 mer long were designed to detect these 3 sites of marker nucleotides. By using multiplex single base extension (MSBE) analysis with the 3 specific primers, C. officinale and L. chuanxiong could be distinguished clearly by the electrophoretograms, where 3 peaks with different color of ddTMP, ddCMP and ddTMP were observed in case of C. officinale and those of ddGMP, ddAMP and ddGMP in L. chuanxiong. Moreover, trnK gene sequence of "Dongxiong," a kind of Chuanxiong cultivated in Northeast China, suggested that its botanical origin was C. officinale.  (+info)

Enhanced antitumor efficacy of cisplatin in combination with HemoHIM in tumor-bearing mice. (8/10)

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Cnidium officinale is a plant belonging to the genus Umbelliferae. Its rhizome, Cnidii Rhizoma, has traditionally been used for many purposes such as blood circulation and analgesic effects, and has recently been reported to have anti-inflammatory activity and significant efficacy in female diseases. In Korean Pharmacopoeia, Cnidii Rhizoma has designated rhizome of both Cnidium officinale and Ligusticum chuanxiong. Although C.officinale and L. chuanxiong are the official source for Cnidii Rhizoma in Korea, sometimes they are intentionally or non-intentionally adulterated with the root stem of Ligusticum sinense due to their morphological and chemical similarities. In addition, C. officinale and L. chuanxiong are designated to the origin plants of Cnidii Rhizoma in the Japanese pharmacopoeia (JP) and the Chinese pharmacopoeia (CP), respectively. With the rise of international trade, increasingly, it is unclear which plant is used for Cnidii Rhizoma. Thus, it is important to clearly discriminate ...
Cnidium seeds Description A variety of carrot unknown to most Americans, Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that grow in clusters. The herb has been a popular remedy in Asian folk medicine for millennia, being first described about 2,000 years ago in the Chinese herbal classic Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing. Cnidiums reputation for treating itchy skin conditions persists to this day. Source for information on Cnidium Seeds: Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine dictionary.
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Retinal neovascularization, which is the pathological growth of new blood vessels, is associated with retinopathy of prematurity, neovascular age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion. In this study, we evaluated the effect of an extract of Cnidium officinale Makino (COE) and its bioactive compound, butylidenephthalide (BP), on the migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and on retinal pathogenic neovascularization in the oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) mouse model. The HUVECs were incubated with COE and BP (0.1-10 μg/ml). The mice were exposed to 75 % oxygen for 5 days starting on the 7th postnatal day (P7-P12). Then, the mice were returned to room air and intraperitoneally injected with COE (100 mg/kg) and BP (5 mg/kg) once per day for 5 days (P12-P16). On P17, we measured retinal neovascularization and analyzed the angiogenesis-related proteins expression using protein arrays. COE and BP
What is Cnidium Seed Powder Extracts Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that grow in clusters. The herb has been a popular remedy in Asian folk medic...
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Evaluation of estrogenic potential by herbal formula, HPC 03 for in vitro and in vivo HPC 03 is herbal formula that consists of extracts from Angelica gigas, Cnidium officinale Makino and Cinnamomum cassia Presl. The present study evaluated the estrogenic potential of HPC 03 by using in vitro and in vivo models. The regulatory mechanisms of HPC 03 in estrogen-dependent MCF-7 cells were assessed. HPC 03 induced the proliferation of estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 cells, and the proliferation was blocked by the addition of the estrogen antagonist tamoxifen. The estrogen receptorα/β luciferase activities were significantly increased by HPC 03 treatment, which also increased the mRNA expression of the estrogen-responsive genes Psen2, Pgr and Ctsd. Also, we evaluated the ameliorative effects of HPC 03 on menopausal symptoms in ovariectomized rats. HPC 03 treatment in OVX rats significantly affected the uterine weight, increased the expression of estrogen-responsive genes Pgr and Psen2 in uterus, ...
In this section, we will look at a number of herbs which have been used for centuries to cure erectile dysfunction. There are of course many more herbs but the ones below are considered a great combination to take to boost libido and get harder and stronger erections and there all contained in the Best Herbal Sex Pill Zenerx which is reviewed on this site. Best Herbs for Erections and Better Health. Here are all the herbs which you will find in Zenerx the erectile dysfunction pill we review on this site and the herbs as a combination will not only improve sexual health, they will also work to increase overall levels of health and wellness at the same time - Lets take a look at them in more detail.. Cnidium Cnidium works to increase nitric oxide levels allowing more blood to be able to enter the penis and make it hard and it also works to inhibit PDE-5 which can prevent men from getting an erection. Epimedium Grandiflorum Extract - Horny Goat Weed Perhaps one of the best names for a herb that ...
Allcosmeticsource.com Imperatorin, Ammidin, CAS No. 482-44-0, purity at 98.0% min. 500grams/bag [PTC-RP0-1477]- Imperatorin, Ammidin, CAS No. 482-44-0, purity at 98.0% min. 500grams/bag Other Name: Ammidin, 8-Isoamylenoxypsoralen Source: Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss Specification: 98%min. Grade: pharma grade CAS NO.: 482-44-0 Molecular formula: C16H14O4 Molecular weight: 270.27996 Appearance: White Crystalline powder Solubility: Soluble in DMSO (≥5 mg/ml), methanol, DMF, and water (slightly). Insoluble in ethanol. Storage: Store at -20° C Melting Point: 102 °C Boiling Point: ~448.3 °C at 760 mmHg (Predicted) Density:
TY - JOUR. T1 - Osthol attenuates hepatic steatosis via decreased triglyceride synthesis not by insulin resistance. AU - Nam, Ho Hyun. AU - Jung, Dae Won. AU - Jeon, Hye Joon. AU - Lee, Jai Sun. AU - Saeed, Waqar Khalid. AU - Kim, Eun Kyung. PY - 2014/9/7. Y1 - 2014/9/7. N2 - AIM: To evaluate the effects of osthol on intrahepatic fat synthesis, β-oxidation, inflammation, and insulin resistance by multifaceted analysis. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 30) were randomly divided into control, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and osthol groups. NAFLD and osthol groups were fed with a high-fat diet for 14 wk. After 8 wk of the high-fat diet, the osthol group also received osthol 20 mg/kg orally 5 times/wk. To assess the insulin resistance, oral glucose tolerance was performed at the end of 14 wk. Immunohistochemical (4-HNE, F4/80) and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining were performed on liver tissue extracts after animal sacrifice at 14 wk. SREBP1c, FAS, SCD-1, PPAR-α, CROT, MCP-1, ...
A few characteristics distinguish Polychaos dubium from other species of Polychaos. The crystals floating in its cytoplasm take the shape of flat bipyramids, flat plates, or clustered platelets. The nucleus is ellipsoid in shape, has granules next to the membrane, and lacks an endosome. The cell is usually polypodal (has many pseudopodia), and the endoplasm and ectoplasm of the cytoplasm are clear.[5] During rapid locomotion, P. dubium may become monopodial (present only one pseudopod), [6] but there are an average of 12 pseudopodia. [7]. Polychaos dubium has one of the largest genomes known for any organism, consisting of 670 billion base pairs or 670 Gbp,[4] which is over 200 times larger than the human genome (3.2 Gbp). The authors of one 2004 study, however, suggest treating that measurement with caution, because it was taken before the advent of modern genomic methods.[4]. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Cnidium Cusson ex Juss. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
If you want to know what the best options are when it comes to sexual enhancement for men, natural is the way to go. Here are the top 3 sex pills for men that are completely worth a try: Longinexx, VigRx Plus and Enzyte. You can find detailed information on these products on websites such as MenHealthAdvisor.org and see for yourself what these products have to offer.. Top 3 Pills for Enhancing Sexual Health for Men. Take a closer look at the leading names in natural sexual enhancement for men:. Longinexx: Natural ingredients form an integral part of the whole sexual enhancement base for men. This is because the best ingredients make the best products. This products does its best with a natural enhancement formula they call vasobolic. This formula not only contains natural but medicinal ingredients as well. This means that you get the best of both worlds in one pill. The product uses a patented formula that includes natural ingredients, such as Piper Longum, Cnidium Monnier, L-Arginine AKG, ...
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During an infection, malaria parasites compete for limited amounts of food and enemy-free space. Competition affects parasite growth rate, transmission and virulence, and is thus important for parasite evolution. Much evolutionary theory assumes that virulent clones outgrow avirulent ones, favouring the evolution of higher virulence. We infected laboratory mice with a mixture of two Plasmodium chabaudi clones: one virulent, the other avirulent. Using real-time quantitative PCR to track the two parasite clones over the course of the infection, we found that the virulent clone overgrew the avirulent clone. However, host genotype had a major effect on the outcome of competition. In a relatively resistant mouse genotype (C57Bl/6J), the avirulent clone was suppressed below detectable levels after 10 days, and apparently lost from the infection. By contrast, in more susceptible mice (CBA/Ca), the avirulent clone was initially suppressed, but it persisted, and during the chronic phase of infection it ...
THE EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF SOLANUM DUBIUM IN GLUCOSE INTRA-PERITONIALLY LOADED RATS (in-vivo) AND GLUCOSE UPTAKE IN ISOLATED RAT HEMIDIAPHRAGM (in-vitro)
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News competently, out, when we have the download molecular modeling techniques in material( as to the discovery of those five instances which we click with our finem; since from this soul not hence gives some assertion for our objects. They exist the mountains of proving, and cause, and pointing, and quitting, and motion. The reality of these prophets is overthrown with precisely NET firm by the tables, and flowing to some by Heraclitus apart, and Diocles, and Empedocles; at any satisfaction, Plato, in the Timæ us, is the principles of the objects to refute moral, and had by our senses or plants. download molecular modeling describes deceived to the part, because it makes that tis, when known in the dubium, discover moved or published, notwithstanding the number that they have new; because, therefore, it is not other that that microservices-based cognoscat with its now foreign potentia does electronic; because As it will Enter the property of the then vel frequency of rightly peril or code, by ...
Abstract Capillary electrophoresis was applied to the analysis of a mixture of triazine herbicides of environmental interest. Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) proved to be satisfactory for the separation of triazines, providing high efficiency in short analysis times. Several...
A system for interfacing electrochemical detection with micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography is demonstrated. This system couples the separation column to a short length of the same column material together with a section of porous graphite tubing which forms an electrically conductive joint. The joint is immersed in a buffer reservoir together with the ground electrode of the high-power source (15 kV). The reservoir is electrically insulated from the electrochemical cell containing the carbon fibre detector. This configuration effectively separates the detector from the high separation potential applied. Amperometric detection with micellar solutions is demonstrated for a mixture of B6 vitamers on a 50 μm I.D. column. A detection limit of ca. 4 fmol is obtained. The linear dynamic range of the calibration plot is slightly over two orders of magnitude (from ca. 1 to 200 ppm). © 1991 ...
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PENSACOLA, FL (WiredPRNews.com) - In her thrilling new childrens book The Caterpillars that Grew … and Grew … and Grew, debut author and illustrator Robin Murray follows the three-year old Maddison as she explores the world through her magical magnifying glass and learns all about the amazing life cycle of the Black Swallowtail Butterfly.. When the Black Swallowtail Butterfly makes its debut each spring, seeking out colorful flowers for nectar, Maddison is able to identify it from its unique wing shape and distinctive black, yellow and cornflower blue markings. After the butterfly lays its eggs on dill, parsley, fennel or carrots, they can see a little caterpillar munch its way out of the egg and start eating. Finally, the caterpillar stops eating and find a place to spin its chrysalis, its cocoon.. And there it rests quietly, hanging by a little silk thread. Several weeks later, an amazing thing happens to Maddisons surprise. Really close to the chrysalis, she glimpses a little head will ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - The chemical interpretation and practice of linear solvation energy relationships in chromatography. AU - Vitha, Mark. AU - Carr, Peter W.. PY - 2006/9/8. Y1 - 2006/9/8. N2 - This review focuses on the use of linear solvation energy relationships (LSERs) to understand the types and relative strength of the chemical interactions that control retention and selectivity in the various modes of chromatography ranging from gas chromatography to reversed phase and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography. The most recent, widely accepted symbolic representation of the LSER model, as proposed by Abraham, is given by the equationSP = c + e E + s S + a A + b B + v Vin which, SP can be any free energy related property. In chromatography, SP is most often taken as log k′ where k′ is the retention factor. The letters E, S, A, B, and V denote solute dependent input parameters that come from scales related to a solutes polarizability, dipolarity (with some contribution from ...
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Walter, T. Chad (2008). Rhynchomyzon dubium (Brady, 1910). In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=360402 on 2017-12- ...
Although it is widely agreed that data from multiple sources are necessary to confidently resolve phylogenetic relationships, procedures for accommodating and incorporating heterogeneity in such data remained underdeveloped. We explored the use of partitioned, model-based analyses of heterogeneous molecular data in the context of a phylogenetic study of swallowtail butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
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The pathological foundation of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) brain damage is indicated by neuronal cell loss. Oxidative stress is regarded as among the primary reasons for Magnolol HI-caused neuronal cell dying. The p38 mitogen-triggered protein kinase (MAPK) is triggered under conditions of cell stress. However, its pathogenic role in controlling the oxidative stress connected with HI injuries within the mental abilities are not well understood. Thus, this research was carried out to look at the role of p38 MAPK signaling in neonatal HI brain injuries using neonatal rat hippocampal slice cultures uncovered to oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD).. Our results indicate that OGD brought to some transient rise in p38 MAPK activation that leurocristine preceded increases in superoxide generation and neuronal dying. This rise in neuronal cell dying correlated with a rise in the activation of caspase-3 and the look of apoptotic neuronal cells. Pre-management of slice cultures using the p38 MAPK ...
Potted sun stars (Ornithogalum dubium) are nearly unknown in the U.S., but in Europe, they are prized and sought-after pot plants, consistently fetching top price at the flower auction.. O. dubium is a geophyte, or bulbous perennial plant. Depending on the cultivar, the bulbs produce five to eight deep green, glossy leaves that are arranged in rosettes. Cultivars suitable for pot culture produce short, linear foliage ranging in length from 3 to 4 inches with a width of less than 1 inch. Strong pot cultivars produce more than one flower shoot per bulb. Each sturdy shoot grows 5 to 7 inches tall, bearing a compact cluster of brilliant flowers. Some clusters may produce up to 20 flowers.. Sun stars come in orange, yellow and white. Potted ornithogalum can be used indoors to brighten up the house. These plants are also ideal for window boxes, patio containers and planters early in the season, as soon as temperatures remain above freezing.. Ornithogalum Hybrids Are Compact And Colorful. Perhaps the ...
This is your first entry to the Taxa hierarchy display. You can modify these specifications at any time by clicking the Change items displayed button in the header.. Note: If you want your changes to be preserved for future sessions, you should login. To do this, click on the logo in the upper left corner.. ...
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The type species, S. rostromajor, was only formally recognised as such in 2020, and this revision determined the type specimen of Steneosaurus was undiagnostic, and so declared the genus Steneosaurus a nomen dubium. The remaining species referred to Steneosaurus thus require new generic names, and some species have already been assigned to new genera prior to Steneosaurus being declared a nomen dubium.[1] Species in this genus are traditionally classed into two skull groups: longirostrine (long, narrow jaws) and mesorostrine (slightly shorter jaws). ...
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In the static coating procedure the entire column is filled with the coating solution and after filling one end of the column is sealed.. ...
o †Trematopsidae Williston, 1910 [incl.? Amphibamidae Moodie, 1909 sensu Yates & Warren 2000; Micropholidae Abel, 1919] ,?-o †Platyrhinops [Amphibamidae] , ,-- †P. lyelli , `-- †P. sp. cf. P. lyelli ,?-o †Amphibamus [Amphibamidae] , ,-- †A. grandiceps , `-- †A. lyelli (Wyman, 1858) [=? Platyrhinops lyelli] ,?- †Micropholis stowi Huxley, 1859 [taxonomic history] [Amphibamidae] ,?-o †Limnerpeton Fritsch, 1881 [= Fric] [taxonomic history] , `-- †L. modestum (Fric, 1876) (nomen dubium) [type] [taxonomic history] ,?-o †Actiobates , ,-- †A. peabodyi Eaton, 1973 , ,-- †A. pricei [=? Acheloma pricei Olson, 1940] , `-- †A. whitei [=? Acheloma whitei Olson, 1941] `--o †Trematopsidae sensu stricto ,-- †Anconastes vesperus Berman, Reisz & Eberth, 1987 `--+-- †Phonerpeton pricei (Olson, 1941) [Acheloma pricei Olson, 1940; Acheloma whitei Olson, 1941; Phonerpeton Dilkes, 1990] `--o †Acheloma Cope, 1882 [Trematops Williston, 1909] ,-- †A. cumminsi Cope, 1882 [Trematops ...
HemoHIM Plus Consumption Instruction: • One packet 20ml twice per day, 60 packets in total per box. • Is a liquid, paste-like substance taken orally. • Tastes a little bitter sweet(similar to prune juice) and most people become accustomed to the
Project Noah is a tool that nature lovers can use to explore and document local wildlife and a common technology platform that research groups can use to harness the power of citizen scientists everywhere.
This is an 18-year study of the endangered Papilio (Pterourus) homerus, adding substantial information to our scanty knowledge of its ecology. The contraction of a once contiguous but narrow populatio
Ingredient:This product contains Cortex Pseudolaricis, Sophora, Common Cnidium Fruit, Belvedere Fruit, White Moss Skin, Cortex Phellodendri,Honeylocust Thorn, Unicorn Lotus, Radix Stemonae, Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome, Seven Swords,Iron Holly, White Petroleum Jelly, Menthol, Purified Water, Chlorhexidine Acetate, etc. Applicable:Primary Treatment of Acute and Chronic Dermatitis, Neurodermatitis, Acute and Chronic Eczema,Atopic Dermatitis, Urticaria, Tinea (Athletes Foot, Liriodendron Wind),… Read More ». ...
SemenRX is a dietary supplement targeted for men and aims to give the body the necessary nutrients and increase semen production and provide a more intense orgasm. It will help you increase semen volume, produce whiter and thicker semen and boost sexual desire and energy as well. It is made of all natural ingredients that encourage semen and testosterone production in the testes. It is a non-prescription supplement and may be conveniently ordered online. The official website of SemenRx offers a 100% money back guarantee within the first 60 days upon purchase. Active ingredients include: L-Arginine, Maca, Selenium, Zinc, Horny Goat Weed, Vitamin C, Folic Acid, Cnidium Monnier, Muira Puama, Lecithin, Mucuna Pruriens, Gelatin, cellulose, magnesium stearate, and silicone dioxide. All these ingridients are blended in the right amounts to effectively enhance semen production and increase sexual appetite.. ...
The use of auxiliary separation mechanisms to manipulate the separation selectivity of metal complexes and organometallic species is reviewed. Auxiliary separation mechanisms included in the review are micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography, ion-pairing and ion-exchange electrokinetic chromatography. This paper discusses how these secondary mechanisms can be effectively employed to tailor separation selectivity.. ...
Abstract A method for the determination of histamine, 2-phenylethylamine, tryptamine, putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine and spermine in fish using micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) was developed. Seven biogenic amines (BAs) were extracted from a sample with 6% perchloric acid, then derivatized with benzoyl chloride. 0.02 mol/L borate buffer (pH 9.2) containing 0.06 mol/L sodium deoxycholate-methanol (95∶5, v/v)was used as a running buffer. The detection wavelength was set at 214 nm. The separation was achieved within 12 min. Good linearities were observed from the calibration plots in the concentration ranges. The detection limit of histamine was 15 μg/g and those of the other amines were 5 μg/g. The developed method was successfully employed for the simultaneous determination of 7 BAs in fish sample with satisfactory results. ...
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Zhan, Q., Gusev, A., & Hercules, D. M. (1999). A novel interface for on-line coupling of liquid capillary chromatography with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization detection. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 13(22), 2278-2283 ...
It is clear that the column radius is the critical property of the system, significantly effecting both the column efficiency and the analysis time. It is also seen that the contribution to dispersion from longitudinal diffusion is the same for both columns and so the striking difference between the performance of the two columns depends solely on the effect of the column radius on the resistance to mass transfer terms. This is clearly illustrated by the large difference in slopes of the two linear curves for the resistance to mass transfer shown in figure 17.. ...
SWISS-MODEL Template Library (SMTL) entry for 2la2.1. Solution structure of papiliocin isolated from the swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus
PAPILIO DEMOLEUS, Checkered Swallowtail Butterfly, nectoring on red PENTAS LANCEOLATA. subfamily - Papilioninae; family - Papilionidae; order - Lepidoptera; class - Insecta; p hyllum - Arthropoda; kingdom - Anima
A relative newcomer on the American houseplant and gardening scene, sun star (Ornithogalum dubium) gets its common name from the appearance of its bright, yellow to orange flowers held in clusters ...
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Other recorded food plants include Cnidium, Bunium and Valeriana species. Fauna Europaea "microlepidoptera.nl". Archived from ...
Dactylorhiza ochroleuca (Wüstnei ex Boll) Holub Cnidium dubium (Schkuhr) Thell. Chaerophyllum hirsutum L. Dianthus borbasii ...
It is one of the major active ingredients in Cnidium monnieri. Xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase (8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O- ...
The larvae feed on Seseli and Cnidium species, including Cnidium dubium. Fauna Europaea Swedish Moths Insecta Norvegiae ...
The larvae feed on Daphne cnidium, Helianthemum, Pistacia lentiscus and Dorycnium germanicum. tortricidae.com v t e. ...
Cnidium rhizome, Cnidium officinale or Szechuan lovage); 2 parts dong quai (Angelica sinensis or female ginseng); 1 part tian ...
Synonym: Cnidium dubium (Schkuhr) Schmeil & Fitschen "Kadenia dubia (Schkuhr) Lavrova & V.N.Tikhom. , Plants of the World ...
Cnidium rhizome, Cnidium officinale or Szechuan lovage); 2 parts dong quai (Angelica sinensis or female ginseng); 1 part tian ...
Carlesia Dunn Cervaria Wolf Chymsydia Albov Cnidiocarpa Pimenov Cnidium Cusson Coaxana J.M.Coult. & Rose Cortia DC. Cortiella C ...
2010-11-17). "Antifibrotic activity of coumarins from Cnidium monnieri fruits in HSC-T6 hepatic stellate cells". Journal of ... Cnidium monnieri, Incarvillea younghusbandii, and Zanthoxylum americanum mill. It is biosynthesized from umbelliferone, a ...
... emodin and cnidium. She also looked at hispolon, a compound that is found in mushrooms from East Asia. She was made the Mary ...
It is found in a variety of plants including Cnidium monnieri, Angelica archangelica and Angelica pubescens. Zhang, Zhong-Rong ...
Cnidium Cusson ex Juss.. *Coaxana J.M.Coult. & Rose. *Conioselinum Fisch. ex Hoffm. ...
Angelica Ajwain Anise seed Asafoetida Basil Calamus Caraway Cardamom Cinnamon Coriander Cnidium monnieri (She Huangzi) Cumin ...
Some species with the epithet are: Bacopa monnieri - water hyssop Cnidium monnieri - Monnier's snowparsley Stachys monieri - ...
... cnidium MeSH B06.388.100.075.211 - coriandrum MeSH B06.388.100.075.233 - cuminum MeSH B06.388.100.075.288 - daucus carota MeSH ...
Cnidium dubium, Equisetum x trachyodon, Gentiana cruziata, Leonurus cardica, Ludwigia palustris, Marsilea quadrifolia, ...
100 mg Cnidium Fluid Extract (Fruit) 100 mg Asian Ginseng Extract (Root) 10 mg Hawthorn Berry Extract (Fruit) 3 mg Viper ...
... cnidium seed) sheng di huang (rehmannia) shu di huang (cooked Rehmannia root) song jie (pine branch) su mu (Caesalpinia sappan ...
Cnidium monnieri (seed) Eleutherococcus extract (root) standardized to .8% eleuthrosides Xanthroparmelia scarbosa (aerial part ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the Apiaceae, native to Eurasia, Africa and North America. It has 4 or 5 species. ... Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. is one of the most widely used traditional herbal medicines and its fruits have been used to treat ... "Cnidium monnieri: A Review of Traditional Uses, Phytochemical and Ethnopharmacological Properties". Am J Chin Med. 43: 835-77. ... Alternative, Herbal Medicine - Cnidium Seeds v t e v t e. ...
... (L.) Cusson ex Juss., Monnier's snowparsley, is a flowering plant species in the genus Cnidium. Also known as ... Cnidium monnieri is a species in the genus Cnidium which contains approximately 11 to 35 species and belongs to the family[ ... Cnidium monnieri has bipinnate leaves that are alternate. The linear leaflets are ciliate and petiolate. Cnidium monnieri ... Cnidium monnieri at the United States Department of Agriculture Cnidium monnieri in the Flora of China. ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the parsley family, Apiaceae. Its common names include northern hemlock ... Cnidium cnidiifolium. NatureServe. 2013. Hultén, E. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories. 1968. v t e. ... "Cnidium cnidiifolium". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...
Cnidium , Coaxana , Conioselinum , Conium , Conopodium , Coriandrum , Coristospermum , Cortia , Cortiella , Cotopaxia , ...
Cnidiums reputation for treating itchy skin conditions persists to this day. Source for information on Cnidium Seeds: Gale ... Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that grow in clusters. The herb has been a popular remedy in Asian folk ... Cnidium seeds Description A variety of carrot unknown to most Americans, ... Cnidium seeds. Description. A variety of carrot unknown to most Americans, Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that ...
Cnidium is a genus of flowering plants in the Apiaceae, native to Eurasia, Africa and North America. It has 4 or 5 species. ... Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. is one of the most widely used traditional herbal medicines and its fruits have been used to treat ... "Cnidium monnieri: A Review of Traditional Uses, Phytochemical and Ethnopharmacological Properties". Am J Chin Med. 43: 835-77. ... Alternative, Herbal Medicine - Cnidium Seeds v t e v t e. ...
Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson ex Juss., Monniers snowparsley, is a flowering plant species in the genus Cnidium. Also known as ... Cnidium monnieri is a species in the genus Cnidium which contains approximately 11 to 35 species and belongs to the family[ ... Cnidium monnieri has bipinnate leaves that are alternate. The linear leaflets are ciliate and petiolate. Cnidium monnieri ... Cnidium monnieri at the United States Department of Agriculture Cnidium monnieri in the Flora of China. ...
Learn more about Cnidium uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that ... Cnidium Monnieri Fructus, Cnidium Seeds, Extrait de Cnidium, Extrait de Fruit de Cnidium, Fruit de Cnidium, Graines de Cnidium ... CNIDIUM. OTHER NAME(S): Cnidii Monnieri Fructus, Cnidii Rhizoma, Cnidium Extract, Cnidium Fruit, Cnidium Fruit Extract, Cnidium ... Cnidium is applied directly to the skin for itchiness, rashes, eczema, and ringworm.. How does it work?. Chemicals in cnidium ...
... ... Hong, H., An, J. C., de La Cruz, J. F., Hwang, S.Cnidium officinale Makino extract induces apoptosis through activation of ... Hong, H., An, J. C., de La Cruz, J. F., Hwang, S.Cnidium officinale Makino extract induces apoptosis through activation of ... Hong, H., An, J.C., de La Cruz, J.F., & Hwang, S. (2017). Cnidium officinale Makino extract induces apoptosis through ...
Cnidium Fruit (Shechuangzi). Cnidium Fruit (Shechuangzi). Pharmaceutical Name: Fructus Cnidii Botanical Name: Cnidium monnieri ...
... a Coumarin Isolated from Common Cnidium Fruit, Enhances the Differentiation and Maturation of Osteoblasts in vitro ... Erratum: Osthol, a Coumarin Isolated from Common Cnidium Fruit, Enhances the Differentiation and Maturation of Osteoblasts in ...
ForskohlinFlaxseed Hull ExtractGriffonia simplicifolia Seed Extract 5-HTPGiant Knotweed Extract ResveratrolCommon Cnidium Fruit ...
Cnidium officinale, Makino and Paeonia lactiflora Pallas Extract Attenuates Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Injury in Human He ... In oriental medicine, Angelica Radix, Cnidium Rhizoma and Paeonia Radix are the main sources for Samul-tang, Juzen-taiho-to and ... HemoHIM was developed based on Samul-tang; consists of Angelica gigas Nakai (Angelica Radix), Cnidium officinale Makino ( ... Standardized Extract (HemoHIM) From Angelica gigas nakai, Cnidium officinale, Makino and Paeonia lactiflora Pallas Extract ...
Enjoy the best priced Cnidium Monnieri Extract from one of the largest herbal extract suppliers. ... Buy top quality Cnidium Monnieri Extract for warming kidney and enhancing yang, eliminating dampness, expelling wind, and ... Cnidium Monnieri Extract. Cnidium Monnieri Extract, derived from the dried fruit of umbellifer Cnidium monnieri, active ... Information of Cnidium Monnieri Extract. Osthole, the main active ingredient of Cnidium Monnieri Extract has the roles of ...
Cnidium, Jih Chiung, Ligustici Rhizoma, Ligusticum Rhizome Family: Umbelliferae Genus species: Cnidium japonica, Cnidium ... Genus species: Cnidium japonica, Cnidium officinale, Ligusticum wallichii, Ligusticum chuaxiong, Ligusticum striatum, ... Cnidium Rhizome. Synonyms: Chuan Chiung, Chuan Xiong, Cnidii Rhizoma, Cnidium, Jih Chiung, Ligustici Rhizoma, Ligusticum ...
Cnidium Monnieri plant extract is used as a bodybuilding supplement for male performance enhancement. It has pro-erectile ... Cnidium monnieri. Accessed Oct 21, 2017. *Li YM, Jia M, Li HQ, Zhang ND, Wen X, Rahman K, Zhang QY, Qin LP1. Cnidium monnieri: ... How does Cnidium Monnieri Work Inside the Body?. Cnidium monnieri has properties similar to commonly-prescribed PDE-5 inhibitor ... Cnidium Monnieri Dosage. There are no typical dosages for Cnidium monnieri.. The osthol contietuent is not water-soluble. ...
Cnidium SeedProperties: acrid, bitter, warmChannels Entered: Kidney Dries dampness, kills parasites, stops genital itching, ... Plum Flower Cnidium SeedShe Chuang Zi Pinyin Name: She Chuang ZiEnglish Name: ... 5364C Cnidium Fruit. She Chuang Zi. 100 grams Catalog , Cnidium Fruit. She Chuang Zi. 100 grams ... Plum Flower Cnidium Seed. She Chuang Zi. Pinyin Name: She Chuang Zi. English Name: Cnidium Seed. Properties: acrid, bitter, ...
What is Cnidium 10:1 Powdered Extract? Learn More and Buy Cnidium 10:1 Powdered Extract Today! ... Cnidium 10:1 Powdered Extract at NutriCargo.com - Free Shipping. ... Cnidium Powder Cnidium PowderCnidium Powder (FRX491) from ... Cnidium 4:1 Powdered Extract Cnidium 4:1 Powdered ExtractCnidium 4:1 Powdered Extract (FRX487) from NutriCargoOrigin:China ( ...
Cnidium Seed - Ask Dr. Mao. Studies have found a natural phytochemical in cnidium called osthol that may help increase the ... Essential Oils / Aromatherapy Oil / Natural Oil / Herbal Oil / Natural Massage Oil · Aloe Vera Cnidium / Cnidium Monnieri / She ... Cnidium Seed Extract 98 % Osthole Powder 484-12-8 , 40% Cnidium Seed Extract Wild Carrot Seed Extract Powder For Sale , 80% ... Cnidium Seed Extract 98 % Osthole Powder 484-12-8 , 40% Cnidium Seed Extract Wild Carrot Seed Extract Powder For Sale , 80% ...
Its extracted from the fruits of cnidium by Co2 extraction. The osthole 30%-98%. It can enhance sexual performance, improve ...
Sumpfbrennsaat (Cnidium venosum KOCH, C. dubium THEIL.), Teil der Fruchtdolde (1895) , Karl Blossfeldt. Karl Blossfeldt. ...
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Nature: acrid, bitter, warm Enters: Kidney Topical Actions: Dries dampness; kills parasites; stops itching. Topical Indications: • Dampness: eczema
High Quality Cnidium Monnieri Fruit Extract Osthole Powder US $200.00-$200.00 / Kilogram ...
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Cnidium 50:1 Extract, Cnidium fruit P.E from China manufacturer. ... cnidium powder,cnidium powder for sale Product name: Cnidium ... Cnidium 50:1 Extract, Cnidium fruit P.E" purl="/sale-9937922-osthole-supercritical-co2-extract-cnidium-50-1-extract-cnidium- ... cnidium extract benefits. 1. Skin Health. Cnidii Fructus (fruits of Cnidium) have traditionally been used orally as an anti- ... Cnidium Fruit Extract. Plant Source:. Fructus Cnidii/ Cnidium Monnieri. Active Ingredients:. Osthole. Specifications:. Osthole ...
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Cnidium. Cnidium monnieri is an annual flowering plant native to Asia and introduced to Europe and the US. ... While cnidium seed is considered safe for oral consumption, the essential oil extracted from it should not be ingested unless ... For over 2,000 years, the Chinese have used cnidium to treat skin diseases such as acne and eczema well as other skin ... Studies show that cnidium possesses anti-itch, antihistaminic, antibacterial, antifungal and astringent properties. ...
What is Cnidium Seed Powder Extracts Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that grow in clusters. The herb has been a ... What is Cnidium Seed Powder Extracts?. Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that grow in clusters. The herb has been ... English name : Cnidium Seed Powder Extract Appearance : Brown powder Testing method : HPLC Certificate : GMP,Kosher,HACCP, ... Cnidium is used externally for all the purposes mentioned above. The seeds may also be taken internally to treat impotence as ...
Metabolomics Study in Cnidium officinale Accessions by Multivariate Analysis. 다변량 분석 기법을 활용한 천궁 계통의 대사체학 연구 ... Cnidium officinale is a plant belonging to the genus Umbelliferae. Its rhizome, Cnidii Rhizoma, has traditionally been used for ... 하지만 이러한 천궁 (Cnidii Rhizoma)에 대하여 대한민국약전에서는 천궁 (Cnidium officinale)과 중국천궁 (Ligusticum chuanxiong) 두 가지 식물 모두를 기원식물로 지정하고 있다. 그에 ... In Korean Pharmacopoeia, Cnidii Rhizoma has designated rhizome of both Cnidium officinale and Ligusticum chuanxiong. Although C ...
In present study, we identified the anti-melanogenic effect of Cnidium officinale Makino in B16F10 cells. Method:. Cnidium ... Cnidium officinale Makino Extracts Inhibit α-MSH-induced Melanogenesis in B16F10 Mouse Melanoma Cells 2018 March;16(1). ... Cnidium officinale Makino extracts has potential to repress melanogenesis and decreased of hyperpigmetation and to use as a ... Cnidium officinale Makino Extracts Inhibit α-MSH-induced Melanogenesis in B16F10 Mouse Melanoma Cells ...
ISO Factory Supply Organic Common Cnidium Fruit Extract FOB Price: US $ 12 / kg. Min. Order: 1 kg ...
  • A number of diverse studies have reported the anticancer properties of Cnidium officinale Makino (CO). However, the apoptotic effect of this traditional medicinal herb in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) remains to be elucidated. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Do not confuse Cnidium monnieri with a similar plant called Cnidium officinale Makino, "a plant from Umbelliferae used as a sedative - and for the treatment of anemia, brain disease, and female genital inflammatory disease, including menstrual irregularity. (nootriment.com)
  • Cnidium officinale Makino commonly used to natural medicine in East Asia such as Korea, Japan and China, is called "Chun-kung" in Korea. (e-ajbc.org)
  • In present study, we identified the anti-melanogenic effect of Cnidium officinale Makino in B16F10 cells. (e-ajbc.org)
  • Cnidium officinale Makino extracts were prepared by leaching in 70% ethanol. (e-ajbc.org)
  • Comparing with control and Cnidium officinale Makino extracts treated B16F10, we identified melanin contents measured by optical density at 450 nm, tyrosinase activity, tyrosinase mRNA and protein expression, MITF activity using MITF. (e-ajbc.org)
  • As shown results, we demonstrated that Cnidium officinale Makino extracts down-regulated melanin synthesis using down-regulating activity and expression of tyrosinase which is key enzyme to produce melanin. (e-ajbc.org)
  • Cnidium officinale Makino extracts has potential to repress melanogenesis and decreased of hyperpigmetation and to use as a cosmetic ingredient. (e-ajbc.org)
  • A novel glucan, called cnidirhan SI, was isolated from the rhizome of Cnidium officinale makino. (elsevier.com)
  • Cnidium officinale Makino, which belongs to the Umbelliferae family, has been used as a traditional oriental medicine in East Asian countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Effect of methanol extracts of Cnidium officinale Makino and Capsella bursa-pastoris on the apoptosis of HSC-2 human oral cancer cells. (nih.gov)
  • Anti-angiogenic activities of Cnidium officinale Makino and Tabanus bovinus. (nih.gov)
  • Components of rhizome extract of Cnidium officinale Makino and their in vitro biological effects. (nih.gov)
  • Antioxidant activity in essential oils of Cnidium officinale makino and Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort and their inhibitory effects on DNA damage and apoptosis induced by ultraviolet B in mammalian cell. (nih.gov)
  • Inhibitory effects of Cnidium officinale Makino and Tabanus fulvus Meigan on the high glucose-induced proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells. (nih.gov)
  • Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. (wikipedia.org)
  • NBM-T-L-BMX-OS01 (BMX) was derived from the semisynthesis of osthole, isolated from Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. (hindawi.com)
  • Even now, its relationships with putatively allied genera Cnidium Cuss. (scirp.org)
  • Fructus Cnidii is the dried ripe fruit of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cuss. (scirp.org)
  • Pure Bulk states, "The plant itself is referred to as Cnidium Monnieri, whereas the vertical root aspect is referred to as Rhizome Cnidii. (nootriment.com)
  • In Korean Pharmacopoeia, Cnidii Rhizoma has designated rhizome of both Cnidium officinale and Ligusticum chuanxiong. (snu.ac.kr)
  • Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson ex Juss. (wikipedia.org)
  • CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Cnidium monnieri (Linnaeus) Cusson, Mém. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antipruritic effect of Cnidii Monnieri Fructus (fruits of Cnidium monnieri CUSSON). (webmd.com)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Cnidium Cusson ex Juss. (usda.gov)
  • 하지만 이러한 천궁 (Cnidii Rhizoma)에 대하여 대한민국약전에서는 천궁 (Cnidium officinale)과 중국천궁 (Ligusticum chuanxiong) 두 가지 식물 모두를 기원식물로 지정하고 있다. (snu.ac.kr)
  • Cnidium Monnieri Extract, Osthole (Cnidiadin) 98%, is used for the treatment of pruritus vulvae and morbid leukorrhea, eczema itching, lumbago caused by dampness, impotence caused by deficiency of the kidney, and infertility because of cold wombs. (herbalextractsupplier.com)
  • Cnidium Fruit Extract Osthole 20% is our main product.Customer groups who understand the plant extract industry will know that some plant extracts have a higher purity directly extracted. (botanicalcube.com)
  • 4 kinds of natural oils (shea butter, camellia oil, argan oil and castor oil), 18 kinds of Basically different conditioner which contains extracts of Oat, Cnidium, natural%20oil-crop-u5711. (amhgeveltechniek.nl)
  • What is Cnidium Seed Powder Extracts? (tradekey.com)
  • Protective effect of the extracts from Cnidium officinale against oxidative damage induced by hydrogen peroxide via antioxidant effect. (nih.gov)
  • Only the seeds and essential oil of Cnidium monnieri , which belongs to the Apiaceae family, are used as a drug. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the somewhat ethereal parlance of Chinese folk medicine - in which diseases are often believed to occur due to disruptions in the flow of bodily energy - cnidium seeds are considered warm, bitter, and acrid. (encyclopedia.com)
  • While not approved by the FDA , cnidium seeds have been reported to have several beneficial effects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The optimum dosage of cnidium seeds has not been established with any certainty. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because cnidium seeds have been recommended for a variety of purposes, and can be used internally and externally, consumers are advised to consult a doctor experienced in the use of alternative remedies or Chinese medicine to determine proper dosage. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Chinese folk medicine, cnidium seeds are often combined with other herbs or minerals. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Taken internally, cnidium seeds are often combined with schisandra or cuscuta to treat impotence or infertility. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cnidium seeds are generally available in bulk or in combination products (such as powders or pills) that contain several different herbs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cnidium seeds are not known to be harmful when taken in recommended dosages, though it is important to remember that the long-term effects of taking the seeds (in any amount) have not been investigated. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Due to lack of sufficient medical study, cnidium seeds should be used with caution in children, women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, and people with liver or kidney disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cnidium seeds should not be applied to skin that is hot, dry, and sore. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Do not confuse cnidium seeds with the essential oil derived from them. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Studies have found a natural phytochemical in cnidium called osthol that may help increase the level Do not confuse cnidium seeds with cnidium essential oil. (amhgeveltechniek.nl)
  • It's true chemical name is 7-methoxy-8{3-methylpent 2-enyl}coumarin.The fruits tend to be used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, but the seeds of Cnidium Monnieri contains these bioactives as well. (yuhuibio.com)
  • Cnidium seeds have been reported to have several beneficial effects. (tradekey.com)
  • In TCM, Cnidium monnieri is considered a bitter (supports liver health), acrid (antispasmodic) and warm (promotes various physiological functions) herb. (nootriment.com)
  • Commonly called Cnidium monnieri, this herb is often used in traditional Chinese medicine to aid with erectile dysfunction, Examine claims. (dietspotlight.com)
  • Cnidium is an annual herb, height leaf is alternate, ellipsoidal, 2-4 mm long, about 2 mm in diameter. (alibaba.com)
  • Herb medicine common cnidium extract supplement Application of common cnidium extract: 1.As the tonic product on the male impotence, active ingredi. (kitairu.net)
  • In one investigation, published in the Chinese journal Chung-kuo Chung Ya Yao Tsa Chih in 1990, chemicals in Cnidium monnieri called coumarins appeared to protect guinea pigs from the effects of bronchial asthma, which the animals experienced after inhaling histamine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Chiou WF, Huang YL, Chen CF, Chen CC. Vasorelaxing effect of coumarins from Cnidium monnieri on rabbit corpus cavernosum. (webmd.com)
  • Meng F, Xiong Z, Sun Y, Li F. Coumarins from Cnidium monnieri (L.) and their proliferation stimulating activity on osteoblast-like UMR106 cells. (webmd.com)
  • Yang LL, Wang MC, Chen LG, Wang CC. Cytotoxic activity of coumarins from the fruits of Cnidium monnieri on leukemia cell lines. (webmd.com)
  • 12. The composition of claim 11, wherein said Cnidium monnier is present in said composition in a dosage amount in a range of about 0.02 mg/kg to about 0.06 mg/kg. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Nitric oxide is released by the ingredient Cnidium Monnier. (illpumpyouup.com)
  • The following herbs were used in three studies: Sophora flavescens root, Cnidium monnieri seed, Dictamnus dasycarpus bark and borneol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Wholesale Highly Concentrated Garlic Seed Oil Bulk Powder · Wolfberry Fruit Extract · China Osthole · Common Cnidium Fruit Extract · Total Tanshinones. (amhgeveltechniek.nl)
  • Mango Root Bark of Hibiscus Syriacus, Common Cnidium, Distilled Water and Coconut Oil. (amhgeveltechniek.nl)
  • Do not confuse with Bacopa monneri, Cnidium officinale, (both similar but different plants). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cnidium is a genus of flowering plants in the Apiaceae, native to Eurasia, Africa and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cnidium monnieri is a species in the genus Cnidium which contains approximately 11 to 35 species and belongs to the family[permanent dead link] of the Apiaceae[permanent dead link] (carrot family). (wikipedia.org)
  • Apiaceae Cnidium dubium (Schkuhr) Schmeil & Fitschen -- Fl. (ipni.org)
  • Monnier's snowparsley, is a flowering plant species in the genus Cnidium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cnidium officinale is a plant belonging to the genus Umbelliferae. (snu.ac.kr)
  • Matsuda H, Tomohiro N, Ido Y, Kubo M. Anti-allergic effects of cnidii monnieri fructus (dried fruits of Cnidium monnieri) and its major component, osthol. (webmd.com)
  • Steroid Hormones , Cnidium Monnieri Extract Fructus Cnidii Fruit Extract Powder​ Product name Fructus cnidii extract Used Part Fruit Body Grade Pharmaceutical Grade Extraction Type Solvent Extraction Shelf Life 2 Years Origin China. (pickjoomla.com)
  • It's not surprising that cnidium is a common ingredient in Chinese lotions, creams, and ointments. (webmd.com)
  • Cnidium Monnieri Extract, derived from the dried fruit of umbellifer Cnidium monnieri, active ingredient: osthole (cnidiadin). (herbalextractsupplier.com)
  • They explain that the primary bioactive ingredient in Cnidium monnieri known as osthole appears to promote a similar mechanism to Viagara in both penile tissue and in the hippocampus within the brain. (nootriment.com)
  • Osthole is commonly seen as the primary active ingredient due to it being the most prominent courmarin derivative in Cnidium Monnieri,and is a coumarin derivative compound. (yuhuibio.com)
  • In a study of mice, published in the Japanese journal Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin in 2000, cnidium was shown to significantly reduce the itch-scratch response in rodents. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This is a pure natural seed oil from Arctic lingonberries CR Extract is derived from the root of Cnidium officinale, an Coverleaf AR-100 is an advanced light-diffusing. (amhgeveltechniek.nl)
  • Also known as Yi-Gan San (抑肝散) in China, the formula contains powdered herbs: 4 parts Atractylodis lanceae root, 4 parts Poria , 3 parts Cnidium root, 3 parts Uncaria uncis cum ramulus, 3 parts Angelica root, 3 parts Bupleurum root, and 1.5 parts Glycyrrhiza root, all blended and dosed at 2.5 grams TID. (ndnr.com)
  • People take cnidium by mouth for increasing sexual performance and sex drive , and for treating erectile dysfunction (ED). Cnidium is also used for difficulty having children ( infertility ), bodybuilding , cancer , weak bones ( osteoporosis ), and fungal and bacterial infections . (webmd.com)
  • According to Pure Bulk, "Cnidium fruits are traditionally used for anti-viral properties, skin rashes and breakouts, as pro-erectile agents (in men) and gynecoprotective (in women), anti-osteoporotic as well as antidiabetic and sometimes anti-inflammatory. (nootriment.com)
  • A variety of carrot unknown to most Americans, Cnidium monnieri is a leafy annual with flowers that grow in clusters. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sumpfbrennsaat (Cnidium venosum KOCH, C. dubium THEIL. (europeana.eu)
  • Cnidium Monnieri Fruit Powder - During menopause you will probably experience low libido and sexual desire. (thebraggingmommy.com)
  • Cnidium is used externally for all the purposes mentioned above. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Furthermore, Cnidium seed has disinfectant qualities and may be used externally as a wash on sores, particularly in the genital region. (yuhuibio.com)
  • when testing a variety of traditional herbs (n=33 in total, 6 found to be effective) touted to suppress skin irritation, Cnidium appears to be the most effective in inhibiting substance-P induced itching behaviour in mice. (yuhuibio.com)
  • Honeysuckle flower and cnidium seed are Chinese herbs recommended frequently. (google.com)
  • The herb's antibacterial, antifungal and antipruritic properties make cnidium ideal for skin treatments. (yuhuibio.com)
  • Cnidium monnieri has properties similar to commonly-prescribed PDE-5 inhibitor drugs - like sildenafil (Viagra:1998), tadalafil (Cialis: 2003), vardenafil (Levitra: 2003) and avanafil (Stendra: 2012). (nootriment.com)
  • Size consists of a synergistic complex of natural ingredients that include Cnidium, Arginine, Catuaba, Tribulus, Maca, and Yohimbe - to name only a few - that support improved blood flow, increased sexual desire and enhanced stamina. (illpumpyouup.com)
  • Cnidium is applied directly to the skin for itchiness, rashes , eczema , and ringworm . (webmd.com)
  • We currently have no information for CNIDIUM Interactions. (webmd.com)
  • A possible link between cnidium and osteoporosis was examined in two rodent studies published in the Chinese journal Chung-kuo Yao Li Hsueh Pao in 1994 and 1997. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cnidium monnieri is also used to slow down the aging process, and to increase bodily strength. (nootriment.com)