Clusia: A plant genus of the family CLUSIACEAE. Members contain benzophenones.Opuntia: A plant genus of the family CACTACEAE. Species with cylindrical joints are called Cholla; flat jointed ones are Prickly-pear.Kalanchoe: A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain bryophyllins (also called bryotoxins) which are bufadienolides (BUFANOLIDES) that have insecticidal activity.Clusiaceae: The mangosteen plant family (sometimes classified as Guttiferae; also known as Hypericaceae) of the order THEALES, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes trees and shrubs with resinous, sticky sap, usually with broad-ended, oblong, leathery leaves with a strong, central vein, flowers with many stamens.Diptera: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Rectal Prolapse: Protrusion of the rectal mucous membrane through the anus. There are various degrees: incomplete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle but with herniation of the bowel; and internal complete with rectosigmoid or upper rectum intussusception into the lower rectum.Rectocele: Herniation of the RECTUM into the VAGINA.Surgical Stapling: A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.Cyprinodontiformes: An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. Families include Cyprinodontidae (egg-laying KILLIFISHES;), FUNDULIDAEl; (topminnows), Goodeidae (Mexican livebearers), Jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), Poeciliidae (livebearers), Profundulidae (Middle American killifishes), Aplocheilidae, and Rivulidae (rivulines). In the family Poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus POECILIA.Insect Repellents: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.Hawaii: A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Bass: Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.DEET: A compound used as a topical insect repellent that may cause irritation to eyes and mucous membranes, but not to the skin.Polygalaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.Costa RicaIridaceae: A monocot plant family of the Liliopsida class. It is classified by some in the Liliales order and some in the Asparagales order.Celastraceae: A plant family of the order Celastrales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.NicaraguaMexicoHondurasAnti-HIV Agents: Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.Camphor: A bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action: Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY.Angiotensin Amide: The octapeptide amide of bovine angiotensin II used to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane: SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining cyclohexane rings but with a different configuration from the ARTEMISININS.Gymnema sylvestre: A plant species of the genus GYMNEMA that contains gymnemic acid (triterpene SAPONINS) which affects blood sugar level, and gurmarin protein. The common name of Gurmar should not be confused with Guar (CYAMOPSIS).Coniferophyta: A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.Cupressaceae: A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta (conifers). They are mainly resinous, aromatic evergreen trees.Ocotea: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The common name of stinkwood is also used for Zieria (RUTACEAE).Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Genome Components: The parts of a GENOME sequence that are involved with the different functions or properties of genomes as a whole as opposed to those of individual GENES.New Caledonia: A group of islands in Melanesia constituting a French overseas territory. The group includes New Caledonia (the main island), Ile des Pins, Loyalty Island, and several other islet groups. The capital is Noumea. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1774 and visited by various navigators, explorers, and traders from 1792 to 1840. Occupied by the French in 1853, it was set up as a penal colony 1864-94. In 1946 it was made a French overseas territory. It was named by Captain Cook with the 5th and 6th century A.D. Latin name for Scotland, Caledonia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p830 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)New York CityPlants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Diterpenes, Abietane: A group of DITERPENES cyclized into 3-ring PHENANTHRENES.Distillation: A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.Turpentine: The concrete oleoresin obtained from Pinus palustris Mill. (Pinaceae) and other species of Pinus. It contains a volatile oil, to which its properties are due, and to which form it is generally used. (Dorland, 28th ed) Turpentine is used as a solvent and an experimental irritant in biomedical research. Turpentine toxicity is of medical interest.PhenanthrenesComposite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.

Expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase genes. Implications for genotypic capacity and phenotypic plasticity in the expression of crassulacean acid metabolism. (1/10)

In plants with crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), dark CO2 uptake is mediated by phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), an enzyme that can be regulated at transcriptional and posttranslational levels. Reversible phosphorylation of PEPC is catalyzed by a dedicated PEPC kinase, which in turn is regulated at the transcriptional level over the 24-h cycle in CAM plants. PEPC kinase controls the day/night regulation of PEPC during the CAM cycle, thus facilitating plasticity for optimizing CO2 uptake under different environmental conditions. To understand the importance of PEPC kinase in relation to its target PEPC in terms of CAM performance, the expression of the genes encoding the two enzymes was investigated in four species of Clusia that have photosynthetic patterns ranging from C3 photosynthesis to constitutive CAM. By linking changes in the expression of PEPC and PEPC kinase to day/night patterns of leaf gas exchange, organic acid, and soluble sugar contents under different environmental conditions, the genetic and metabolic limitations to CAM plasticity were assessed. The results indicate that PEPC expression is a major factor underpinning the genotypic capacity for CAM and that PEPC kinase expression does not appear to limit CAM. The day/night regulation of Ppck transcript abundance was found to be a consequence of CAM and the day/night cycling of associated metabolites, rather than the primary controlling factor for the temporal separation of carboxylation processes.  (+info)

Clusia: Holy Grail and enigma. (2/10)

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On the nature of facultative and constitutive CAM: environmental and developmental control of CAM expression during early growth of Clusia, Kalanchoe, and Opuntia. (3/10)

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Cockroaches as pollinators of Clusia aff. sellowiana (Clusiaceae) on inselbergs in French Guiana. (4/10)

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Mycorrhization and phosphorus nutrition affect water relations and CAM induction by drought in seedlings of Clusia minor. (5/10)

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The mutagenic potential of Clusia alata (Clusiaceae) extract based on two short-term in vivo assays. (6/10)

We examined the genotoxic and mutagenic effects of a crude extract of Clusia alata (a potential medicinal plant) on peripheral leukocyte and bone marrow cells of mice, using the comet and chromosome aberration assays. Extracts at doses of 1000, 1500 and 2000 mg/kg were administered by gavage, and a positive control, N-nitroso-N-ethylurea (50 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally. Peripheral blood leukocytes were collected 4 and 24 h after the treatments for the comet assay, and bone marrow cells were collected 24 h after the treatments, for the chromosome aberration assay. The comet assay showed that C. alata extract causes an increase in damage to DNA in the peripheral blood leukocytes, but it was significant only with the 2000 mg/kg dose after 24 h; the extract also induced a small but significant increase in the mean number of chromosome aberrations in the bone marrow cells at doses of 1500 and 2000 mg/kg. No evidence of a significant decrease in the mitotic index was observed. Acute consumption of high concentrations of C. alata extract produced some mutagenic effects in bone marrow cells.  (+info)

Canopy CO2 exchange of two neotropical tree species exhibiting constitutive and facultative CAM photosynthesis, Clusia rosea and Clusia cylindrica. (7/10)

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Photosynthetic efficiency of Clusia arrudae leaf tissue with and without Cecidomyiidae galls. (8/10)

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Two hundred and ninety-six rearing records of 11 clusiid species (Diptera, Clusiidae) were obtained from 8 tree species in… Expand ...
Les antagonistes des récepteurs des œstrogènes sont largement utilisés pour le traitement du cancer du sein; toutefois, les patients montrent de plus en plus de résistance à ces médicaments et de sensibilité leur toxicité, doù la nécessité de mettre au point de nouvelles thérapies ciblées. Pour déterminer si le némorosone, un benzophénone polyisoprénylé polycyclique isolé des résines des fleurs de Clusia rosea et déchantillons de propolis de Cuba, a un effet anticancéreux sur les cellules de cancer du sein, on a utilisé les cellules MCF-7 positives aux récepteurs des œstrogènes (REα+) et les cellules MDA-MB-231 et LNCaP négatives à ces récepteurs (REα-). On a traité les cellules avec le némorosone seul ou en association avec le 17β-estradiol (E2) ou lantagoniste des RE, ICI 182,780, un régulateur négatif sélectif de RE qui supprime totalement la transcription des gènes sensibles aux œstrogènes. Le némorosone a inhibé la viabilité des cellules des ...
Les antagonistes des récepteurs des œstrogènes sont largement utilisés pour le traitement du cancer du sein; toutefois, les patients montrent de plus en plus de résistance à ces médicaments et de sensibilité leur toxicité, doù la nécessité de mettre au point de nouvelles thérapies ciblées. Pour déterminer si le némorosone, un benzophénone polyisoprénylé polycyclique isolé des résines des fleurs de Clusia rosea et déchantillons de propolis de Cuba, a un effet anticancéreux sur les cellules de cancer du sein, on a utilisé les cellules MCF-7 positives aux récepteurs des œstrogènes (REα+) et les cellules MDA-MB-231 et LNCaP négatives à ces récepteurs (REα-). On a traité les cellules avec le némorosone seul ou en association avec le 17β-estradiol (E2) ou lantagoniste des RE, ICI 182,780, un régulateur négatif sélectif de RE qui supprime totalement la transcription des gènes sensibles aux œstrogènes. Le némorosone a inhibé la viabilité des cellules des ...
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Published In: Florae Fluminensis, seu, Descriptionum plantarum parectura Fluminensi sponte mascentium liber primus ad systema sexuale concinnatus 10(t. 3):. 1825[1829]. (Fl. Flumin.) ...
24. Tradescantia fluminensis Vellozo, Florae Fluminensis. 140; plate vol. 3, 152. 1829. Herbs, decumbent, rooting at nodes. Leaves 2-ranked; blade lanceolate-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5--5 ´ 1--2 cm (distal leaf blades wider or narrower than sheaths when sheaths opened, flattened), margins ciliolate, apex acute, glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, becoming leaf-opposed, sometimes axillary from distalmost leaf axil, 1--2 cyme pairs per stem; bracts mostly foliaceous, occasionally reduced. Flowers distinctly pedicillate; pedicels 1--1.5 cm, glandular-pilose; sepals 5--7 mm, midrib pilose with eglandular hairs; petals distinct, white, not clawed, 8--9 mm; stamens free; filaments white, densely bearded with white hairs.. Flowering spring--fall. Woods, roadsides, and open areas, sometimes as weed; introduced; Ala., Calif., Fla., La.; introduced; native, South America (Brazil--Argentina); Africa (South Africa); Australia.. This species was recorded north to North Carolina (J. K. Small 1933), but ...
Limited Supply. 1993. Ruth A. Simione. Each of us spends our life living with microbes. We are alive because of some microbes and in spite of others. This book is intended to …
Infecções fúngicas causadas por leveduras oportunistas de Candida não - albicans (CNA) têm aumentado drasticamente nas últimas décadas, podendo estar relacionadas com o elevado número de pacientes imunocomprometidos, mais susceptíveis a essas infecções. CNA possuem maior resistência aos antifúngicos tradicionais como o fluconazol (FLZ), fármaco de escolha para o tratamento de infecções por Candida spp. A resistência antifúngica conduz a falhas na terapia clínica podendo levar ao aumento das taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Associações entre fármacos e substâncias naturais pode ser uma alternativa viável para superar a resistência antifúngica em CNA. Acca sellowiana (O.Berg) Burret, é uma goiabeira pertencente à família Myrtaceae, possuindo diversas atividades biológicas comprovadas. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a atividade antifúngica de frações ativas obtidas a partir do extrato aquoso liofilizado de folhas de A. sellowiana frente a isolados ...
Gill, John D.; Pogge, Franz L. 1974: Parthenocissus Planch. Creeper. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agric. Handb. 450. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 568-571 ...
Burns, J.H. 2004. "A comparison of invasive and non-invasive dayflowers (Commelinaceae) across experimental nutrient and water gradients." Diversity and Distributions 10(5):387-397.. Burns, J.H., R.B. Faden, and S.J. Steppan. 2011. "Phylogenetic studies in the Commelinaceae subfamily Commelinoideae inferred from nuclear ribosomal and chloroplast DNA sequences." Systematic Botany 36(2):268-276.. Butcher, E.R. and D. Kelly. 2011. "Physical and anthropogenic factors predict distribution of the invasive weed Tradescantia fluminensis." Austral Ecology 36(6):621-627.. Ciuffo, M., V. Masenga, and M. Turina. 2005. "Characterization of a potyvirus isolated from Tradescantia fluminensis in northern Italy." Archives of Virology 151(6):1235-1241.. Cuevas, J.G., A. Marticorena, and L.A. Cavieres. 2004. "New additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernández Islands: origin, distribution, life history traits, and potential of invasion." Revista Chilena de Histora Natural 77(3):523-538.. da Conceição ...
In the halophytic species Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) may be induced by a range of abiotic factors including drought, salinity, high light intensity, low temperature, and anoxia. A key biotic consequence of all these environmental changes is the generation of reactive oxygen species in planta that can elicit potentially damaging oxidative reactions and/or act as signals for engaging mechanisms that alleviate oxidative stress. However, induction of CAM per se also has the potential for increasing the oxidative burden via the enhanced internal O2 concentrations that develop behind closed stomata during daytime decarboxylation. The aim of this paper was to test two hypotheses. The first one, that reactive oxygen species are key signals for up-regulating the major genes and proteins required for the operation of CAM as part of an integrated strategy for alleviating oxidative burden, was tested using gaseous ozone to increase the oxidative burden at a cellular ...
In this concluding chapter, we review some of the major findings discussed in this book and their implications for our understanding of the CAM pathway. In particular, we highlight areas of...
Physiological adaptation of certain succulent plants, in which CO2 can be fixed (non photosynthetically) at night into malic and other acids. During the day the CO2 is regenerated and then fixed photosynthetically into the Calvin Benson cycle.…
The ability of 0.03% CO2 to stimulate growth has been investigated using etiolated Avena coleoptile sections maintained in buffered solution. This concentration of CO2-stimulated growth after a lag period of 12 to 15 minutes, and a synergistic relationship between indoleacetic acid and CO2 in stimulating growth has been demonstrated. The response to CO2 is inhibited by cycloheximide and is lost approximately 10 minutes after exposure to CO2-free air. Malate can replace CO2 in stimulating growth. In the light of these data and recent literature on a growth response of coleoptile sections to CO2-saturated solutions, the existence of two mechanisms of CO2-simulated growth is proposed. In addition, it is suggested that growth promotion by 0.03% CO2 is mediated by a process involving dark CO2 fixation.. ...
Triana Hertiani at Faculty of Pharmacy UGM.Her international experience includes various programs, contributions and participation in different countries for diverse f..
Looking for plancer? Find out information about plancer. 1. The soffit or underside of any projecting member, as a cornice. 2. A planch Explanation of plancer
Primary angioplasty is superior to thrombolysis in the treatment of very old patients with acute myocardial infarction, according to results from the TRIANA study, a randomized trial sponsored by the Spanish Society of Cardiology.
May 22, 2014 - Deerfield, Ill., May 22, 2014 - Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. announced today that in the case of Bertha Triana and Delores Cipriano v.
any especially eagle eyed dg readers out there may think this scene looks a little familiar, thats because these are the Opunita I blogged about last year, when they were all tied up). Finally a week went by and it was obvious that the owner wasnt going to pick up this broken Opuntia paddle so I told my husband I was going to. "You cant…its not yours" was his response. Ok. He has a point. Its not. Just because I can see its not being loved doesnt mean that the owner doesnt have a higher and better use in mind, and just hasnt gotten around to it yet. It would be very bad plant karma to just pick it up and take it. Still I wondered and wanted ...
Several species of the stem succulent Caralluma (Apocynaceae) are abundant perennials in arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula. These arid regions have a short wet season with erratic rainfall and are characterized by harsh climatic conditions of high temp...
The German botanist Otto Karl Berg named feijoa after João da Silva Feijó, a Portuguese botanist born in the colony of Brazil. The green ellipsoid chicken-egg size fruit matures in autumn. It has a sweet, aromatic flavour and juicy flesh divided into a clear gelatinous seed pulp and a firmer, slightly granular, opaque flesh nearer the skin - its gritty texture resembles the closely related guava. The fruit drops when ripe and at its fullest flavour, but may be picked from the tree to prevent bruising. Feijoa fruit has a distinctive, potent aroma due to the ester methyl benzoate and related compounds it contains ...
To our knowledge, this is the first study to explore the function of L1CAM in lung cancer both in vitro and in vivo. Here we show that (i) L1CAM expression correlates with clinical outcome in early-stage NSCLC patients; (ii) suppression of L1CAM significantly reduces migration and invasion in three NSCLC cell lines, whereas L1CAM overexpression enhances invasion in noninvasive cells; (iii) L1CAM induces sustained Erk activation under serum stimulation in vitro and in vivo; and (iv) downregulation of L1CAM significantly retards tumor growth in SCID mice and reduces metastasis in nude rats. Collectively, these results are strong evidence that L1CAM plays a pivotal role in lung cancer progression.. Since its discovery in nerve cells 28 years ago, L1CAM expression has emerged as a contributing factor in the progression of a variety of human carcinomas (31). A recent study revealed that elevated L1CAM levels were associated with shorter survival in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (12). ...
Indeed the plant profites from the mycorrhizal network which provides efficiently water and nutrients, wehereas the plant provides the carbon matters.
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Define rabbit-ear: toadflax; a cactus (Opuntia microdasys) with erect much branched flat branches covered with prominent bristles
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Treatment of lung cancer refers to the use of medical therapies, such as surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, percutaneous ablation, and palliative care, alone or in combination, in an attempt to cure or lessen the adverse impact of malignant neoplasms originating in lung tissue. Lung cancer is an extremely heterogeneous family of malignant neoplasms, and well over 50 different histopathological variants are currently recognized under the most widely used typing system. Because these variants have differing genetic, biological, and clinical properties, including response to treatment, correct classification of lung cancer cases are necessary to assure that lung cancer patients receive optimum management. Approximately 95% of lung cancers are carcinoma, or tumors derived from transformed cells of epithelial lineage. Currently, nearly four dozen different histopathological variants of lung carcinoma are recognized. For clinical and treatment purposes, however, most oncologists tend to ...
Actinidia Chinensis Planch roots (acRoots) are used to treat many cancers, although the anti-tumor mechanism by which acRoots inhibit cancer cell growth remains unclear. The present study aims at investigating inhibitory effects of acRoots on human lung cancer cells and potential mechanisms. Our data demonstrate that the inhibitory effects of acRoots on lung cancer cells depend on genetic backgrounds and phenotypes of cells. We furthermore found the expression of metabolism-associated gene profiles varied between acRoots-hypersensitive (H460) or hyposensitive lung cancer cells (H1299) after screening lung cancer cells with different genetic backgrounds. We selected retinoic acid receptor beta (RARB) as the core target within metabolism-associated core gene networks and evaluated RARB changes and roles in cells treated with acRoots at different concentrations and timeframes. Hypersensitive cancer cells with the deletion of RARB expression did not response to the treatment with acRoots, while RARB ...
3. Opuntia monacantha Haworth, Suppl. Pl. Succ. 81. 1819. 单刺仙人掌 dan ci xian ren zhang Cactus monacanthos Willdenow, Enum. Pl. Suppl. 33. 1814; C. indicus Roxburgh.. Shrubs or treelike, 1.3-4 m tall. Trunk (when present) terete. Larger, terminal joints glossy green, obovate, narrowly so, obovate-oblong, oblong, or oblanceolate, 10-30 × 7.5-12.5 cm, thin, narrowed basally, margin undulate toward apex. Areoles 3-5 mm in diam. Spines sparse on joint 1 or 2(or 3) per areole, but on main trunk to 12 per areole, erect or spreading, grayish, dark brown tipped, acicular, 1-7.5 cm; glochids brownish, 2-3 mm. Leaves conic, 2-4 mm, deciduous. Flowers 5-7.5 cm in diam. Sepaloids with red midrib and yellow margin, obovate or broadly ovate, 0.8-2.5 × 0.8-1.5 cm, apex rounded or emarginate. Petaloids spreading, yellow to orange, or obovate to oblong-obovate, 2.3-4 × 1.2-3 cm, margin subentire, apex rounded, truncate, or muricate. Filaments greenish, ca. 12 mm; anthers pale yellow, ca. 1 mm. Style ...
We have so far become acquainted briefly with French Guiana and part of its flora but the fauna cannot be ignored as animals and plant life are interwoven and one cannot stroll on a local path more...
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16 pages, Dale Speirs, Box 6830, Calgary, Alberta, T2P 2E7, CANADA. Available for $3 cash for a one-time sample copy, trade for your zine, or letter of comment. I thought my eyes were deceiving me when I took this out of the envelope. What! A whole number? No decimal points and letters? Sure…
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All known species are associated with cacti of the genus Opuntia (sens. lat.). Gerstaeckeria hubbardi was listed by Pierce (1912) from Opuntia vulgaris. However, Small (1925) did not list this species from Florida although he does list approximately 13 other species of Opuntia from within the range of Gerstaeckeria hubbardi. At Gainesville, the author found it on the joe jumper, probably Opuntia tracyii. The localities where Gerstaeckeria fasciata was found are within the distribution of at least three species of Opuntia (dillenii, keyensis, stricta). The genus Opuntia is a large and taxonomically confusing one, with the status of several Florida forms somewhat in doubt. However, it is likely that Gerstaeckeria hubbardi feeds on several species. It is possible that Gerstaeckeria fasciata, with its restricted distribution, is more host specific. ...
... deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang & A. R. Ferguson 1984 (A. chinensis Planch. var. deliciosa (A. Chev.) A. Chev. 1941). D Ægte kiwi. F kiiviköynnös. N kiwi. S kiwi. - Stem very densely hairy from long, patent, red-brown, broad-based hairs. Leaves 7-11 - 5-6.5 cm, periodically serrate with teeth directed outwards; upper surface densely hairy from red-brown, broad-based hairs (shorter than those of the stem); lower surface densely hairy from hyaline, thin hairs. Flowers not seen in Nordic material. - [2n=174 ...
... - Everything about cockroaches, the site gives facts of cockroaches and lets you identify cockroaches through pictures.
Clusia[30][31] Euphorbiaceae[29] CAM is found is some species of Euphorbia[30][32] including some formerly placed in the sunk ... Clusia); lithophytes (e.g., Sedum, Sempervivum); terrestrial bromeliads; wetland plants (e.g., Isoetes, Crassula (Tillaea), ...
1. Bixa (Bixaceae) 2. Cochlospermum (Cochlospermaceae) 3. Oncoba (Flacourtiaceae) 4. Clusia (Guttiferae) 5. Psidium (Myrtaceae ...
and Clusia multiflora. Before the colonial period, encenillo tree was one of the dominant species in the andean forests. Some ...
Clusia spp., Euterpe precatoria, Jacaranda copaia, etc. Plant species found in the mountain zones in the park include: ...
havetioides Clusia havetioides var. stenocarpa Asteropeia densiflora Brackenridgea palustris Elatine alsinastrum Elatine ... Caraipa jaramilloi Garcinia diversifolia Garcinia eugeniaefolia Garcinia hermonii Hypericum afrum Mesua rosea Varieties Clusia ...
scabra Clusia criuva Cambess. Clusia fragrans Gardner Clusia lanceolata Cambess. Clusia marizii Gomes da Silva & Weinberg ... Triana Clusia studartiana C.M.Vieira & Gomes da Silva Kielmeyera insignis N.Saddi Rheedia gardneriana Planch. & Triana Tovomita ...
Clusia - clusia trees Clusia rosea - Florida clusia; rose clusia Calophyllum - calophyllum Calophyllum calaba - Maria tree; ...
In neotropical regions, in addition to a large variety of trees, bees may also gather resin from flowers in the genera Clusia ... Clusia resin contains polyprenylated benzophenones. In some areas of Chile, propolis contains viscidone, a terpene from ... 954) Mesquita, R. C. G.; Franciscon C. H. (June 1995). "Flower visitors of Clusia nemorosa G. F. W. Meyer (Clusiaceae) in an ...
Pseudo-Plutarch, Iola and Clusia. "Apollodorus, Library and Epitome". Retrieved 2008-08-25. "The Myths of Hyginus, translated ...
"Tropicos - Name - Clusia orthoneura Standl". United States National Museum Division of Plants. "Records, 1902-1922". ...
socotranum Varieties Clusia havetioides var. pauciflora Anthodiscus montanus Asteropeia labatii Asteropeia matrambody ... Species Calophyllum insularum Calophyllum morobense Calophyllum nubicola Calophyllum trapezifolium Calophyllum waliense Clusia ...
Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Alani, clusia-leaf pelea" (PDF). United States Forest Service. [permanent dead ...
The type genus is Clusia Haliday, 1838. Subfamily Clusiinae Frey, 1960 Clusia Haliday, 1838. Melanoclusia Lonsdale & Marshall, ... Lonsdale, O; Marshall, S.A. (2008). "Synonymy within Clusia and description of the new genus Melanoclusia (Diptera: Clusiidae: ...
Guttiferae Tribe 1. Clusieae Genus: Mahurea, Marila, Godoya, Clusia Tribe 2. Garcinieae Genus: Marialva, Micranthera, Garcinia ...
... clusia (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.928.249.333 --- garcinia (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.928. ...
Resin from Clusia rosea seeds used to caulk boats. Nematicide from milkweed seeds. Cottonseed meal used as animal feed and ...
Bittrich, V.; Amaral, Maria C. E. (1996). "Flower morphology and pollination biology of some Clusia species from the Gran ... Gonçalves-Alvim, Silmary de Jesus (2001). "Resin-collecting bees (Apidae) on Clusia palmicida (Clusiaceae) in a riparian forest ... but in some Central and South American species such as Euphorbia dalechampia and Clusia species they are produced as ...
The plant genus Oedematopus is nowadays a synonym of Clusia. Oedematopus is a genus of fly in family Dolichopodidae. O. ...
The genus Clusia (whence the family Clusiaceae) also honours Clusius. His work formed an important step in the development of ...
Higher up there are elfin forests dominated by Clusia species. The Eastern Panamanian montane forests ecoregion, situated on ...
Other recorded foodplants include Clusia rosea, Garcinia cambogia and Mammea americana. The larvae tend to be found when their ...
Common trees in the dense forest areas include Caraioa taquari, Clusia cf. Columaris and Mauritia flexuosa. The densest ...
Lüttge, Ulrich (2006). "Photosynthetic Flexibility and Ecophysiological Plasticity: Questions and Lessons from Clusia, the Only ...
Resin from Clusia rosea seeds used to caulk boats.[citation needed]. *Nematicide from milkweed seeds. ...
június 1.). „Flower visitors of Clusia nemorosa G. F. W. Meyer (Clusiaceae) in an Amazonian white-sand Campina". Biotropica 27 ... A neotrópusi területeken a fák mellett Clusia és Dalechampia fajok virágáról is szednek gyantát. Ezek az egyedül ismert virágok ...
... identification and distribution of Clusia uvitana fruit image ... Clusia uvitana fruit. Click on image to zoom in. © Copyright ... IM/I_SP/0007/640/Clusia_uvitana_fruit,I_SP779.jpg. width=408 x height=640 pixels; size=39996 bytes Discover Life , Top Updated ...
... is a two-hectare large Water Playground with a closed-loop water recycling system. ...
Clusia alata Clusia arborea Clusia blattophila Clusia carinata Clusia clarendonensis Clusia clusioides Clusia croatii Clusia ... Clusia major Clusia minor Clusia minutiflora Clusia nemorosa Clusia nubium Clusia orthoneura Clusia osseocarpa Clusia palmicida ... Triana Clusia guttifera clusia grandiflora Clusia gundlachii Clusia lanceolata Clusia longipetiolata Clusia magnoliiflora ... Pitch-apple Clusia skotaster Clusia spiritu-sanctensis Clusia tarmensis Clusia uvitana Clusia valerioi Autograph tree (C. rosea ...
Clusia clusioides is a small tree which is endemic to Puerto Rico and Hispaniola belonging to the family Guttiferae. One ...
Clusia occidentalis is a species of flies in the family Clusiidae. "Clusia occidentalis Species Information". BugGuide.net. ... "Clusia occidentalis Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-01-27. Arnett, Ross H. (2000). American ...
Clusia croatii is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found in Colombia and Panama. It is threatened ... Mitré, M. (1998). "Clusia croatii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T32681A9717088. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK. ...
Clusia skotaster is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found only in Ecuador. Its natural habitat is ... Nicolalde, F. & Pitman, N. (2004). "Clusia skotaster". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T45108A10980734. ...
Clusia tarmensis is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found only in Peru. World Conservation ... Clusia tarmensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 July 2007.. ...
Clusia alata is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. Leaves are distinctly obovate. Flowers are cream colored ...
Clusia portlandiana is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found only in Jamaica. It is threatened by ... World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Clusia portlandiana". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. ...
Clusia carinata is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found only in Peru. World Conservation ... Monitoring Centre (1998). "Clusia carinata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T36857A10016791. doi: ...
Clusia longipetiolata is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found only in Panama. It is threatened by ... Mitré, M. (1998). "Clusia longipetiolata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T30593A9559707. doi:10.2305/ ...
... www.hear.org/pier/species/clusia_rosea.htm "Clusia Native Range" http://www.plantmaps.com/nrm/clusia-rosea-florida-clusia- ... is a tropical and sub-tropical plant species in the genus Clusia. Clusia major is a tree found in the Caribbean, including the ... Clusia major has become a great threat to Sri Lanka, Hawaii, and many other tropical countries as an invasive plant. In Sri ... USDA Plants Profile for Clusia rosea Hear.org Photo Gallery - Clusia rosea. ...
Staminate and pistillate individuals were effectively identified for Clusia araracuarae, C. lundellii, C. stenophylla, and C. ... Nearly all species in the neotropical genus Clusia are dioecious and most of them are incompletely known because only one ... Playing the Taxonomic Cupid: Matching Pistillate and Staminate Conspecifics in Dioecious Clusia (Clusiaceae)," Systematic ... Playing the Taxonomic Cupid: Matching Pistillate and Staminate Conspecifics in Dioecious Clusia (Clusiaceae). ...
Clusia, especially the C. rosea, or autograph plants, are beautiful subtropical shrubs with stiff, glossy, thick leaves that ... C. rosea is the only member of the Clusia genus that is commonly grown, though some another Clusia is cultivated in botanical ... Clusia is a large genus of trees and shrubs native to tropical America characterized by their branches, which grow horizontally ... The Clusia plants have both striking leaves and beautiful flowers. Mercadante/Flickr/CC 2.0 ...
Clusia is the only genus with bona fide dicotyledonous trees performing Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). Clusia minor L. is ... Novel antitumoral compound isolated from Clusia rosea.. *David Diaz-Carballo, Siegfried Seeber, Dirk Strumberg, Ralf Axel ... Antioxidant activity and flavonoid content of Clusia fluminensis Planch. & Triana.. *Maria Carolina Anholeti da Silva, Selma ... Clusia fluminensis Planch. & Triana (Clusiaceae Lindl.) is a native species found in regions of high luminosity and water… ...
Clusia retusa Clusia retusa Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 183. 1804.. Clusia rosea var. colombiana Clusia rosea Jacquin, var. ...
Clusia[30][31] Euphorbiaceae[29] CAM is found is some species of Euphorbia[30][32] including some formerly placed in the sunk ... Clusia); lithophytes (e.g., Sedum, Sempervivum); terrestrial bromeliads; wetland plants (e.g., Isoetes, Crassula (Tillaea), ...
Clusia rosea Jacq. is a hemiepiphyte having Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM). In its natural habitat Clusia begins its life ... N2 - Clusia rosea Jacq. is a hemiepiphyte having Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM). In its natural habitat Clusia begins its ... AB - Clusia rosea Jacq. is a hemiepiphyte having Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM). In its natural habitat Clusia begins its ... abstract = "Clusia rosea Jacq. is a hemiepiphyte having Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM). In its natural habitat Clusia ...
Clusia rosea Green Magic & pot cover combination £30.98 17cm pot - 50cm tall within 1 week ADD ...
Clusia (plant genus). Clusiaceae: The genus Clusia has some 300-400 species native to tropical America. Many members begin as ... Clusia rose (shrub). Clusiaceae: Scotch attorney, or cupey (C. rosea), which is native to the Caribbean area, grows to about 10 ...
Clusia rosea3FKST.jpg 600 × 450; 109 KB. *. Coffea arabica-fruit and leaves-Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula-Maui.jpg 3,648 × ...
se•clu•sia -\z- \ A place to which a wizard withdraws from the world to pursue mastery. A place of magic and plasms and ...
Clusia rosea) also contribute significantly to the canopy in lower portions of the stream. ...
Like Clusia rosea Jacq., C. pratensis is apomictic. In the Manual Clusiaceae treatment, C. pratensis would key out next to C. ... is closely related to Clusia minor L., and shares with it the unusual (for this particular group of spp.) twigs with ... strolled over to take a look at and collect a fence-row Clusia (Hammel & Pérez 26530, INB). Wonders never cease, theres no way ...
  • Borland AM, Griffiths H, Broadmeadow MSJ, Fordham MC, Maxwell C (1994) Carbonisotope composition of biochemical fractions and the regulation of carbon balance in leaves of the C 3 -crassulacean acid metabolism intermediate Clusia minor L. growing in Trinidad. (springer.com)
  • Staminate and pistillate individuals were effectively identified for Clusia araracuarae , C. lundellii , C. stenophylla , and C. uvitana . (bioone.org)
  • Large size of herbacous plants is shown by Alocasia portei and members of the banana family like Heliconia caribaea , climbers are reprsented by various aroids like Anthurium, Philodendron, Monstera , stranglers by species of Ficus and Clusia . (bgbm.org)
  • Borland AM, Griffiths H, Maxwell C, Fordham MC, Broadmeadow MSJ (1995) CAM induction in Clusia minor L. during the transition from wet to dry season in Trinidad: the role of organic acid speciation and decarboxylation. (springer.com)
  • Food items are poorly studied but include large leguminous seeds, fruit of Rapanea acuminata, Clusia sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Playing the Taxonomic Cupid: Matching Pistillate and Staminate Conspecifics in Dioecious Clusia (Clusiaceae)," Systematic Botany 44(3), 548-559, (6 August 2019). (bioone.org)
  • Our CO 2 exchange, stomatal conductance, titratable acidity, and stable carbon isotope ratio measurements indicate that Clusia has a flexible photosynthetic mode, where CO 2 is fixed mostly via CAM during its epiphytic stage, when water availability is low, and via both CAM and C 3 during its rooted stage. (elsevier.com)