A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae. Infections have a strong association with malignancies and also with GAS GANGRENE.
A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases.
A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.
Acute suppurative inflammation of the inner eye with necrosis of the sclera (and sometimes the cornea) and extension of the inflammation into the orbit. Pain may be severe and the globe may rupture. In endophthalmitis the globe does not rupture.
Inflammation of the wall of the AORTA.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae isolated from infected CATTLE; SHEEP; and other animals. It causes blackleg in cattle and sheep and is transmitted through soil-borne spores.
Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.
An oligopeptide produced by various bacteria which acts as a protease inhibitor.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Proteins secreted from an organism which form membrane-spanning pores in target cells to destroy them. This is in contrast to PORINS and MEMBRANE TRANSPORT PROTEINS that function within the synthesizing organism and COMPLEMENT immune proteins. These pore forming cytotoxic proteins are a form of primitive cellular defense which are also found in human LYMPHOCYTES.
A species of anaerobic, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae that produces proteins with characteristic neurotoxicity. It is the etiologic agent of BOTULISM in humans, wild fowl, HORSES; and CATTLE. Seven subtypes (sometimes called antigenic types, or strains) exist, each producing a different botulinum toxin (BOTULINUM TOXINS). The organism and its spores are widely distributed in nature.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.
Short popular sayings effectively expressing or astutely professing general truths or useful thoughts. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p97, p1556)
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria occurring as rods (subgenus Moraxella) or cocci (subgenus Branhamella). Its organisms are parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other warm-blooded animals.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is most frequently isolated from bovine eyes in cases of infectious keratoconjunctivitis (KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS, INFECTIOUS), but also occurs in unaffected eyes and the nasal cavity of cattle.
Infectious diseases of cattle, sheep, and goats, characterized by blepharospasm, lacrimation, conjunctivitis, and varying degrees of corneal opacity and ulceration. In cattle the causative agent is MORAXELLA (MORAXELLA) BOVIS; in sheep, MYCOPLASMA; RICKETTSIA; CHLAMYDIA; or ACHOLEPLASMA; in goats, RICKETTSIA.
Medicines whose effectiveness is unproven and whose ingredients are often secret.
The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.
A chronic blistering disease with predilection for mucous membranes and less frequently the skin, and with a tendency to scarring. It is sometimes called ocular pemphigoid because of conjunctival mucous membrane involvement.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Physiological changes that occur in bodies after death.
Literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.

Identification of functional domains of Clostridium septicum alpha toxin. (1/14)

Alpha toxin (AT) is the major virulence factor of Clostridium septicum that is a proteolytically activated pore-forming toxin that belongs to the aerolysin-like family of toxins. AT is predicted to be a three-domain molecule on the basis of its functional and sequence similarity with aerolysin, for which the crystal structure has been determined. In this study, we have substituted the entire primary structure of AT with alanine or cysteine to identify those amino acids that comprise functional domains involved in receptor binding, oligomerization, and pore formation. These studies revealed that receptor binding is restricted to domain 1 of the AT structure, whereas domains 1 and 3 are involved in oligomerization. These studies also revealed the presence of a putative functional region of AT proximal to the receptor-binding domain but distal from the pore-forming domain that is proposed to regulate the insertion of the transmembrane beta-hairpin of the prepore oligomer.  (+info)

A case of Clostridium septicum spontaneous gas gangrene. (2/14)

Severe skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are often life-threatening emergencies that require a rapid diagnosis. Gas gangrene is one of the most fulminant types of SSTI and is usually caused by Clostridium perfringens' contamination of an open wound. Although gas gangrene is usually associated with fecally contaminated wounds, "spontaneous" cases occur and are most commonly caused by Clostridium (C.) septicum. We report a case of spontaneous gas gangrene caused by C. septicum that only became manifest while the patient was being monitored in the emergency department. We also review the diagnosis and treatment aspects of this entity.  (+info)

Molecular and cellular basis of microvascular perfusion deficits induced by Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium septicum. (3/14)

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Pore-forming activity of alpha-toxin is essential for clostridium septicum-mediated myonecrosis. (4/14)

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Clostridium septicum aortitis: Report of two cases and review of the literature. (5/14)

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Evidence for Clostridium septicum as a primary cause of cellulitis in commercial turkeys. (6/14)

Etiology and methods of immunoprophylaxis against common field cellulitis in commercial turkeys were evaluated. It was determined that intravenous administration ( approximately 10(8) cells/ml) of 1 of 4 isolates of Clostridium septicum from cellulitis lesions rapidly caused the classic lesions of cellulitis followed by death within 36 hr at high doses. When the supernatant alone was injected into turkey poults, signs of depression and ataxia were temporarily observed for up to 20 hr after injection, but no cellulitis lesions were detected. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed to measure antibody levels against the isolated C. septicum. This assay was used to predict susceptibility to infection. An experimental formalin-killed bacterin/toxoid was produced from the challenge strain of C. septicum with inactivation timed to allow toxin accumulation and approximately 10(8) cells/ml. This bacterin/toxoid given at day of hatch generated a rapid and persistent antibody response against the homologous C. septicum in the vaccinated birds at 9 weeks (P < 0.001). The ability of this experimental vaccine to protect birds in the field as well as its ability to evaluate unvaccinated flocks to establish the time of seroconversion and the relationship to clinical disease are currently under evaluation.  (+info)

Clostridium septicum aortitis causing aortic dissection in a 22-year-old man. (7/14)

Clostridium septicum infection is a rare cause of aortic dissection, and the mortality rate for the condition is high. Only 26 cases of C. septicum aortitis have been reported; all of those patients were elderly, and 20 of them had an associated colonic neoplasm. Herein, we present the case of a 22-year-old man whose C. septicum aortitis resulted in aortic dissection that involved the entire length of the aorta. Upon autopsy, no neoplasm or other predisposing condition was identified in this patient. To the best of our knowledge, this is the 1st report of C. septicum aortitis, fatal or otherwise, in a young individual.  (+info)

Clostridium septicum sepsis and colorectal cancer - a reminder. (8/14)

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Definition of Clostridium septicum. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Gas gangrene or C. myonecrosis is a rare life-threatening illness that results in necrotising soft tissue injury. Early recognition and diagnosis is imperative as the disease course is rapid. Risk factors for developing fulminant soft tissue infections include trauma, immunosupression, diabetes and vascular disease. More specifically, gas gangrene is commonly associated with patients post surgery or trauma due to the presence of Clostridium perfringes. Only 16% of cases occur spontaneously and the organisms responsible is usually the more virulent C. septicum.1 2 Clostridium is an anaerobic, spore-forming, positive rod.2 It constitutes part of the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract. There are over 100 different strains of Clostridium of varying clinical significance. C. septicum infection resulting in bacteraemia is extremely rare. Larson et al 3 reviewed all cases of Clostridium infection at their institution from 1966 to 1993. Among 241 cases of Clostridium, 32 cases were C. septicum ...
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A vaccine that offers the trusted clostridial disease prevention of Vision 7 combined with protection against pinkeye caused by Moraxella bovis in a convenient 2 mL dose powered by the SPUR® adjuvant.. ...
MALIGNANT EDEMA. 461 The bacillus of malignant edema stains well with ordi- nary cold aqueous solutions of the anil in dyes, but not by Grams method. The organism is not a difficult one to secure in pure culture, as has been said, generally con- taminating tetanus cultures and being much more easy to se- cure by itself than its congener. It is most easily obtained from the edematous tissues of guinea- pigs arid rabbits inoculated with garden-earth. The colonies which develop upon the surface of gelatin kept free of oxygen appear to the naked eye as small shining bodies with liquid grayish-white contents. They gradually in- crease in circumference, but do not change their appearance. Under the microscope they ap- pear filled with a tangled mass of long filaments wrhich under a FIG. 131. Bacillus of malig- - . .. -,.. .,..., ., nant edema growing in gluco high power exhibit individual gelatin Frankel and Pfeiffer). lucose r). movement. The edges of the colony have a fringed appearance, much like ...
In order to get basic results which allow the phylogenetic localisation and identification of Clostridium chauvoei and the closely related species Clostridium septicum, we cloned and sequenced the rrs genes encoding the 16SrRNA for these species and determined their phylogenetic position in Clostridium cluster I (C. carnis, C. perfringens, C. botulinum, C. tetani). Based on DNA sequence data, we developed an identification system for C. chauvoei, using specific PCR amplification of the rrs gene with specific oligonucleotids. ... The developed identification system was evaluated on clinical material during a recent outbreak of blackleg. Thereby C. chauvoei was identified as the etiological agent of the outbreak either directly from clinical samples of muscle, liver spleen and kidney or from primary cultures made with this material ...
This is a randomized, multi-center, prospective, double blind study. The primary objective is to demonstrate the efficacy of RP-1127 compared to placebo in subjects with a severe anterior circulation ischemic stroke who are likely to develop malignant edema. This objective will be addressed by comparing the proportion of RP-1127 treated patients and placebo treated patients with a Day 90 modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤ 4 without decompressive craniectomy (DC). ...
Klostridiji so grampozitivne bakterije, ki tvorijo spore. Naravno okolje klostridijev je nasplošno živalsko in človeško črevesje, zato so vegetativne oblike bakterij in spore prisotne v zemlji, še posebej v tisti, ki je gnojena s hlevskim gnojem, ter v prahu, vodah in na rastlinah. So obligatni anaerobi, kar pomeni, da lahko rastejo in se razmnožujejo samo v okolju, v katerem ni prisoten kisik. Prisotnost kisika izrazimo z oksido-redukcijskim potencialom (Eh), ki mora biti za rast klostridijev v določenem okolju čim bolj negativen. V tkivu pride do znižanja Eh v primeru slabe prekrvljenosti in prisotnosti tujkov, ki vsebujejo kalcij (Ca2+), kar je največkrat posledica raznovrstnih poškodb. Zato so okužbe s klostridiji povezane z vojnami (npr. strelne rane) in raznovrstnimi nesrečami, kjer nastanejo obsežne in okužene rane. Plinsko gangreno najpogosteje povzroča C. perfringens tipa A, lahko pa tudi C. septicum, C. novyi tipa A, C. histolyticum, C. sordelii in C. ramnosum[1]. Vse ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
For use in healthy cattle and calves three months of age or older as an aid in preventing blackleg caused by Clostridium chauvoei, malignant edema caused by Cl. septicum, black disease caused by Cl. novyi, gas-gangrene caused by Cl. sordellii, enterotoxemia and enteritis caused by Cl. perfringens Types B, C and D, and disease caused by Histophilus somni (Haemophilus somnus). Although Cl. perfringens Type B is not a significant problem in North America, immunity is provided by the beta toxoid of Type C and the epsilon toxoid of Type D. Ultrabac 7/Somubac consists of killed, standardized cultures of Cl. chauvoei, Cl. septicum, Cl. novyi, Cl. sordellii, Cl. perfringens Types C and D, and H. somni, with an adjuvant. Available in a 10 dose or 50 dose.. ...
For use in healthy cattle and sheep as an aid in preventing disease caused by Clostridium chauvoei (Blackleg), septicum (Malignant edema), haemolyticum (Bacilliary Hemoglobinuria (Red Water)), novyl (Black disease), sordellii and perfringens Types C&D (Enterotoxemia).
Gas gangrene is a condition where anaerobic bacteria release toxins that cause tissue death, and if not treated can be fatal. Gas gangrene is typically an infection of muscle tissue and a characteristic sign of infection is the presence of blisters that bubble with gas near infected areas. There are fewer than 3,000 cases in the United States annually. In this article you will find out more about gas gangrene symptoms and whether there have been historical outbreaks of gas gangrene.
Gas gangrene is caused by exotoxin-producing Clostridium species (most often C. perfringens, and C. novyi,[5] but less commonly C. septicum[6] or C. ramnosum),[7] which are mostly found in soil, but also found as normal gut flora, and other anaerobes (e.g., Bacteroides and anaerobic streptococci). The exotoxin is commonly found in C. perfringens type A strain and is known as alpha toxin. This alpha toxin is a lethal toxin and also known as phospholipase C (lecithinase). It increases vascular permeability and produces necrotizing activity. These environmental bacteria may enter the muscle through a wound and go on to proliferate in necrotic tissue and secrete powerful toxins. These toxins destroy nearby tissue, generating gas at the same time.. Other organisms may occasionally cause gas gangrene (for example, Klebsiella pneumoniae in the context of diabetes).[8]. A gas composition of 5.9% hydrogen, 3.4% carbon dioxide, 74.5% nitrogen, and 16.1% oxygen was reported in one clinical ...
Gas gangrene, or clostridial myonecrosis, is usually caused by Clostridium perfringens and may occur spontaneously in association with diabetes mellitus, peripheral vascular disease, or some malignancies but more often after contamination of a deep surgical or traumatic lesion. If not controlled, clostridial myonecrosis results in multiorgan failure, shock, and death... ...
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The action of HBO2 on clostridia (and other anaerobes) is based on the formation of O2 free radicals in the relative absence of free radical degrading enzymes, such as superoxide dismutases, catalases, and peroxidases. Van Unnik(20) showed that an O2 tension of 250 mmHg is necessary to stop alpha‑ toxin production. Although it does not kill all clostridia, it is bacteriostatic both in vivo and in vitro.(20-24) Tissue O2 measurements made by Schoemaker,(25) Kivisaari and Niinikoski,(26) and Sheffield(27) have shown that treatment with HBO2 at 3.0 atm abs is required to achieve tissue partial pressures above 300 mmHg. Free-circulating toxins and/or tissue‑ bound toxins are not affected by high O2 levels but they are rapidly detoxified by normal host factors.(9,21,28,29) If further toxin elaboration is prevented by the addition of hyperbaric oxygen, a very sick patient can rapidly be made non-toxic. The diagnosis of clostridial myonecrosis is based primarily on clinical data, supported by the ...
Conference Comment: The contributor provides a good summary of C. piliforme, an atypical member of the genus Clostridium. Other members of the clostridia are large, Gram positive spore forming bacteria with straight or slightly curved morphology, in contrast the filamentous, Gram negative spore forming C. piliforme.(2) Further differentiating C. piliforme from other clostridia is the fact that it does not possess characteristics that allow its inclusion into one of the three general categories of the other pathogenic members of the genus. These categories of clostridia are neurotoxic (C. tetani, C. botulinum types A-G), histotoxic (C. chauvoei, C. septicum, C. novyi types A and B, C. perfringens type A, C. sordellii, C. hemolyticum), and enteropathogenic/enterotoxemia-producing (C. perfringens types A-E, C. difficile, C. colinum, C. spiroforme).(2 ...
Ninety cases of clinically diagnosed enterotoxemia infection in lambs at AL-Hamdaniya region where studied for isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacterial causes, faecal samples were collected from all suspected cases during January- June 2008, the results show that 41.6% of the isolates were Cl. perfringens as pure single isolates, while mixed infection of Cl. perfringens with each of Enterococci and staphylococcus in percentage of 26.04%, 20.83% respectively, also mixed infection of Cl. septicum with each of Staphylococcus and E.coli were isolated at the percentage of 5.2%, 6.25% respectively. Highest bacterial isolation was from the faecal samples collected during April. McIntosh jar method show isolation of pure culture of anaerobic bacteria (Cl. perfringens), while Candle jar method show detection of 56 isolates in mixed cultures of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.
"Gas gangrene" . Diabetes y gangrena: cuáles son los riesgos y cómo evitarlo. no es tratada, puede ser mortal. Gangrena gaseosa Esta normalmente se produce por una infección interna. Las bacterias dañinas liberan gas, que daña los vasos sanguíneos, tejidos, células y la sangre
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Clostridial gas gangrene is a highly lethal necrotizing soft tissue infection of skeletal muscle caused by toxin- and gas-producing Clostridium species. The synonym clostridial myonecrosis better describes both the causative agent and the target tissue.
One Shot Ultra 8 Cattle Vaccine aids in the prevention of blackleg, malignant edema, bacilary hemoglobinuria, black disease, enterotoxemia and enteritis, and bovine pneumonia.
For the vaccination of healthy cattle and sheep against diseases caused by Clostridium chauvoei Cl.septicum Cl.novyi Type B Cl.haemolyticum (known elsewhere as Cl. novyi Type D) Cl.tetani and Cl. perfringens Types C and D.
Looking for online definition of progressive myonecrosis in the Medical Dictionary? progressive myonecrosis explanation free. What is progressive myonecrosis? Meaning of progressive myonecrosis medical term. What does progressive myonecrosis mean?
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Gas gangrene is a bacterial problem. It produces gas over tissues where there is gangrene. This condition is an medical emergency. Sepsis can happen with this condition.. ...
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Chest X-Ray Abnormal, Diarrhea, Gas Gangrene Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Diabetes Mellitus, Acute Myelocytic Leukemia, Anaerobic Bacterial Infection. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Gas gangrene occurs as a result of infection by Clostridium species of bacteria that under anaerobic (low oxygen) conditions, produce toxins that cause the tissue death and associated symptoms. Gas gangrene generally occurs at the site of trauma or a recent surgical wound. The onset of gas gangrene is sudden and dramatic. Inflammation begins at the site of infection as pale to brownish-red extremely painful tissue swelling. Gas may be felt in the tissue as a crackly sensation when the swollen area is pressed with the fingers. The margins of the infected area expand so rapidly that changes are visible over a few minutes of time. The involved tissue is completely destroyed. Clostridia species of bacteria produce many different toxins, four of which (alpha, beta, epsilon, iota) are all fatal. In addition they cause tissue death (necrosis), destruction of blood (hemolysis), local decrease in circulation (vasoconstriction), and leaking on the blood vessels (increased vascular permeability). These ...
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Black Quarter, Blackleg, quarter evil, or quarter ill is an infectious bacterial disease most commonly caused by Clostridium chauvoei, a Gram-positive bacterial species. It is seen in livestock all over the world, usually affecting cattle, sheep, and goats. It has been seen occasionally in farmed bison and deer. The acute nature of the disease makes successful treatment […]. Read More ». ...
et al. Inclusion of methionine labeled with radiosulfur into proteins of various organs and tissues in normal conditions and in gas gangrene in guinea pigs // Voprosy meditsinskoi khimii. - 1956. - V. 2. -N 1. - P. 19-24 ...
Clostridium cadaveris is an enteric, gas-forming, motile, strictly anaerobic gram-positive bacterium of the genus Clostridium. First described by Klein in 1899, it was noted to be the most prominent bacteria during human decomposition; historically it was described as putrefying flora. Clostridium cadaveris is usually considered non-pathogenic; unlike other species of Clostridium, it does not produce toxins. Clostridium cadaveris is found in soil, water, and is a normal component of the human intestinal tract. The genus Clostridium is large and phylogenetically diverse, comprising over 150 species. Clostrida are extensively found in nature predominantly as benign soil saprophytes. A number of Clostridium species are pathogenic to humans. Members including C.botulinium, C. perfringens, and C.septicum are spore forming and the cause of botulism and gas gangrene respectively. Clostridium cadaveris is closely related phylogenetically to Clostridium fallax and Clostridium intestinale. Infections in ...
Fast Shipping. Great Low Price. 7-way blackleg plus red water protection for cattle and sheep. For prevention of Clostridium chauvoei, septicum, novyi, sordellii, perfringens Types C & D, plus haemolyticum (bacillary hemoglobinuria/red water). Give cattle and sheep 2 ml SQ. Repeat in 3-4 weeks and once annually.Vision-8 with Spur Cattle Sheep Vaccine Merck Blackleg New Adjuvant | Blackleg 7 8 Way | Cattle Va
Clostridium perfringens (formerly known as C. welchii) is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium of the genus Clostridium. It is always present in nature and is a normal component of decaying vegetation, marine sediment, the intestinal tract of humans, other vertebrates, insects, and soil. It can be a human pathogen and also harmlessly ingested. Commonly it is encountered in infections as a component of the normal flora where it takes a minor role in the disease. Infections show some evidence of tissue necrosis, bacteremia, emphysematous cholecystitis, and gas gangrene, which is also known as clostridial myonecrosis. The toxin in gas gangrene is α-toxin which inserts into the plasma membrane of cells disrupting normal cellular function C. perfringens. Ingestion can lead to bacteria multiplying and leading to colic, diarrhea, and sometimes nausea. C. perfringens bacteria are the third-most-common cause of food-borne illness, with poorly prepared meat and poultry the ...
A Randomized, Phase II Study of Anlotinib Combined With Sintilimab(IBI 308) in First-generation EGFR-TKIs Drug Resistance Along With T790M Negative NSCLC. --- T790M --- Anlotinib Plus Sintilimab for NSCLC Patients With First-generation EGFR-TKIs Drug Resistance Along With T790M Negative This is an efficacy and safety study of Anlotinib combined with Sintilimab (IBI 308) in participants with advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have received first-generation EGFR-TKIs resistance along with T790M negative. --- T790M --- Anlotinib Plus Sintilimab for NSCLC Patients With First-generation EGFR-TKIs Drug Resistance Along With T790M Negative This is an efficacy and safety study of Anlotinib combined with Sintilimab (IBI 308) in participants with advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have received first-generation EGFR-TKIs resistance along with T790M negative. --- T790M --- --- T790M --- Has confirmation that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ...
List of causes of Abdomen spasm and Abdominal Discomfort in Pregnancy and Gas gangrene, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Within days of reading war-dodger Howard Floreys published conclusion that the as-yet-unproven penicillin was particularly suited to the militarys most feared infection, gas gangrene, war-hero Henry Dawson defiantly decided - by pointed contrast - that penicillin was particularly well suited to defeat the ultimate in non-military infections, deadly subacute bacterial endocarditis, SBE ...
The Broad Breasted White is commercially the most widely used breed of domesticated turkey. These birds have shorter breast bones and larger breasts, sometimes rendering them unable to breed without human assistance (typically via artificial insemination). [1] They produce more breast meat and their pin feathers are less visible when the carcass is dressed due to their white color. These properties have made the breed popular in commercial turkey production but enthusiasts of slow food argue that the development of this breed and the methods in commercial turkey production have come at a cost of less flavor. These birds are grown in large, fully automated grow-out barns, which may house as many as 10,000 birds. The growing process for these birds has been so well refined, the birds often grow to larger than 40 lbs. Average birds are typically 38-40 lbs. Because of their size, they are flightless and prone to health problems associated with being overweight (due to excess muscle), such as heart ...
At present, the three main products, exetane (Kemena), gefitinib (Iresa) and erlotinib (Troika), are suitable for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer that has received chemotherapy and is not suitable for chemotherapy.
Indicated as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of both platinum-based and docetaxel chemotherapies.
The FDA has approved the next-generation ALK inhibitor ceritinib as a treatment for ALK-positive patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer following treatment with crizotinib.
Patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have a rearrangement in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene now have a first-line option: ceritinib.
General Information: The species type strain, originally isolated from a human gas gangrene patient. Causative agent of gas gangrene. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA. Known opportunistic toxin-producing pathogens in animals and humans. Some species are capable of producing organic solvents (acetone, ethanol, ...
Clostridial bacteria are anaerobic and usually cause diseases by producing a toxin. Tetanus, botulism, and gas gangrene are examples diseases caused by clostridium.
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S. bovis and Clostridium septicum, which are part of the natural flora of the bowel, are associated with colon cancers. When ... Chew SS, Lubowski DZ (November 2001). "Clostridium septicum and malignancy". ANZ Journal of Surgery. 71 (11): 647-9. doi: ...
Chi CH, Chen KW, Huang JJ, Chuang YC, Wu MH (1995). "Gas composition in Clostridium septicum gas gangrene". J Formos Med Assoc ... Four species of Clostridium (Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium tetani, and Clostridium sordelli) are ... "Clostridium septicum infections in children". Pediatr Infect Dis J. 11 (7): 569-75. doi:10.1097/00006454-199207000-00011. PMID ... Since Clostridium is an obligate anaerobe taxon, the bacterium infects hypoxic tissues, which had become anaerobic due to ...
Chi CH, Chen KW, Huang JJ, Chuang YC, Wu MH (December 1995). "Gas composition in Clostridium septicum gas gangrene". Journal of ... It can be caused by Clostridium, most commonly alpha toxin-producing C. perfringens, or various nonclostridial species. ... In wet gangrene, the tissue is infected by saprogenic microorganisms (Clostridium perfringens or Bacillus fusiformis, for ... Sakurai, J.; Nagahama, M.; Oda, M. (November 2004). "Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin: characterization and mode of action ...
King A, Rampling A, Wight DG, Warren RE (1984). "Neutropenic enterocolitis due to Clostridium septicum infection". J Clin ... whereas Clostridium septicum is responsible for most cases of neutropenic enterocolitis. Typhlitis most commonly occurs in ... The condition is usually caused by Gram-positive enteric commensal bacteria of the gut (gut flora). Clostridium difficile is a ...
It is caused by the bacterium Clostridium septicum. Braxy generally occurs in winter, when sheep eat frosted root crops, or ... The frozen feed damages the mucosa (lining) of the abomasum, allowing C. septicum to enter, causing abomasitis and a fatal ... Songer, JG (2010). "Chapter 12: Histotoxic Clostridia". In Gyles, CL; Prescott, JF; Songer, JG; Thoen, CO (eds.). Pathogenesis ...
Moussa, R. S. (1958). "Complexity of Toxins from Clostridium Septicum and Clostridium Chauvoei". Journal of Bacteriology. 76 (5 ...
Schamber, G.J.; Berg, I.E.; Molesworth, J.R. (April 1986). "Braxy or Bradsot-like Abomastitis Caused by Clostridium septicum in ... Abomasitis can be caused by several factors: Bacterial infections (e.g. Clostridium septicum, C. perfringens (type A), C. ...
"Clostridium septicum alpha-toxin forms pores and induces rapid cell necrosis". Toxicon. 55 (1): 61-72. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon. ...
Clostridium species involved are Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium septicum, and Clostridium sordellii, which typically ... The key Clostridium septicum virulence factor is a pore-forming toxin called alpha-toxin, though it is unrelated to the ... Clostridium sordellii can also produce two major toxins: all known virulent strains produce the essential virulence factor ... Bacteroides and Clostridium species). Populations of those affected are typically older with medical comorbidities such as ...
Rothe B, Rothe B, Roggentin P, Schauer R (April 1991). "The sialidase gene from Clostridium septicum: cloning, sequencing, ...
"The sialidase gene from Clostridium septicum: cloning, sequencing, expression in Escherichia coli and identification of ...
... in which the cecum is targeted by Clostridium septicum in much the same way. In neonatal intensive-care units, the syndrome of ... Clostridial necrotizing enteritis (CNE), is a potentially fatal type of food poisoning caused by a β-toxin of Clostridium ...
Clostridium vaccine Clostridium septicum lpsn.dsmz.de, list of prokaryotic names with standing nomenclature. Nagano N, Isomine ... However, these reports may also be due to infection with other Clostridium strains that can cause blackleg, such as C. septicum ... "Clostridium chauvoei" at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Clostridium chauvoei at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Clostridium chauvoei is an anaerobic, motile, Gram-positive bacterium. It is a soil-borne pathogen that can cause blackleg in ...
Kornbluth AA, Danzig JB, Bernstein LH (January 1989). "Clostridium septicum infection and associated malignancy. Report of 2 ... Some authors include Clostridium haemolyticum as Clostridium novyi type D. C novyi is closely related to Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium novyi (oedematiens) a Gram-positive, endospore- forming, obligate anaerobic bacteria of the class clostridia. It is ... "Phylogenetic positions of Clostridium novyi and Clostridium haemolyticum based on 16S rDNA sequences". International Journal of ...
... can cause gas gangrene, but unlike other Clostridium species like Clostridium perfringens, no trauma is ... Gas gangrene caused by Clostridium septicum is associated with colorectal cancer and other defects of the bowel. Clostridium ... "Molecular and cellular basis of microvascular perfusion deficits induced by clostridium perfringens and clostridium septicum". ... Oct 1995). "Clostridium septicum infection". Surgery. 118 (4): 592-8. doi:10.1016/s0039-6060(05)80023-6. PMID 7570310. *Mahon, ...
Epsilon-toxin is an oxygen-labile hemolysin similar to the θ-toxin of C. perfringens and the δ-toxins of C. septicum, and C. ... reclassified it as Clostridium histolyticum. Clostridium histolyticum can be isolated from soil during the early stage of soil ... Clostridium histolyticum is a species of bacteria found in feces and the soil. It is a motile, gram-positive, aerotolerant ... Clostridium histolyticum is difficult to culture because growth is inhibited by sugars, and spores are not very heat resistant ...
Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium haemolyticum Clostridium novyi Clostridium perfringens Clostridium septicum Clostridium ... for sheep and cattle that protects against diseases caused by toxins produced by an infection with one or more Clostridium ... sordellii Clostridium tetani Clostridial vaccines which protect sheep against multiple clostridial diseases have been available ...
A number of Clostridium species are pathogenic to humans. Members including C.botulinium, C. perfringens, and C.septicum are ... Clostridium cadaveris is closely related phylogenetically to Clostridium fallax and Clostridium intestinale. Infections in ... Clostridium cadaveris is found in soil, water, and is a normal component of the human intestinal tract. The genus Clostridium ... Clostridium cadaveris is an enteric, gas-forming, motile, strictly anaerobic gram-positive bacterium of the genus Clostridium. ...
... schirmacherense Clostridium scindens Clostridium septicum Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sphenoides Clostridium ... Clostridium aceticum Clostridium acetireducens Clostridium acetobutylicum Clostridium acidisoli Clostridium aciditolerans ... Clostridium acidurici Clostridium aerotolerans Clostridium aestuarii Clostridium akagii Clostridium aldenense Clostridium ... difficile Clostridium diolis Clostridium disporicum Clostridium drakei Clostridium durum Clostridium estertheticum Clostridium ...
Caused by the bacteria Clostridium. There are 6 species of the clostridia disease, they include; Malignant oedema (C. septicum ...
The most common causative agent is C. chauvoei, but the disease can also be caused by C. septicum, C. sordelli, and C. novyi. C ... Treatment is only effective in the early stages and as a control measure.[citation needed] Gas gangrene Clostridium vaccine ... Uzal, Francisco A (2012). "Evidence-Based Medicine Concerning Efficacy of Vaccination Against Clostridium chauvoei Infection in ... Blackleg is caused by infection with Clostridium bacteria. ... "Human Fulminant Gas Gangrene Caused by Clostridium chauvoei". ...
Porenbildende Toxine sind Exotoxine, die meistens von pathogenen Bakterien hergestellt werden, z. B. Clostridium septicum und ... Manche β-PFT wie das Clostridium ε-Toxin und das Clostridium perfringens Enterotoxin (CPE) binden an Rezeptoren, vermutlich ... α-Hämolysin[7] und Leukozidin S[8] sind strukturell verwandt, ebenso Aerolysin[9] und Clostridium ε-Toxin.[10] ... Clostridium perfringens ε-toxin shows structural similarity to the pore-forming toxin aerolysin. . In: Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. ...
Plinsko gangreno najpogosteje povzroča C. perfringens tipa A, lahko pa tudi C. septicum, C. novyi tipa A, C. histolyticum, C. ... Najpogosteje jo povzroča anaerobna bakterija vrste Clostridium perfringens, ki se nahaja praktično vsepovsod, še posebej v ... "Gas gangrene in an immunocompromised girl due to a Clostridium ramnosum infection" 28: 923-4.. CS1 vzdrževanje: Večkratna imena ... mutants constructed by allelic exchange provide genetic evidence for the essential role of alpha-toxin in Clostridium ...
Clostridium perfringens. *Escherichia coli O104:H4. *Escherichia coli O157:H7. *Hepatitis A ... M. septicum/M. peregrinum/M. alvei. *M. farcinogenes. M. vaccae group. *M. obuense/M. gilvum/M. parafortuitum ...
Chi CH, Chen KW, Huang JJ, Chuang YC, Wu MH (1995). "Gas composition in Clostridium septicum gas gangrene". J Formos Med Assoc ... Bratton SL, Krane EJ, Park JR, Burchette S (1992). "Clostridium septicum infections in children". Pediatr Infect Dis J. 11 (7 ... Gas gangrene is caused by exotoxin-producing Clostridium species (most often C. perfringens, and C. novyi,[5] but less commonly ... 2008), "Clostridium perfringens Poisoning", Poisoning and Toxicology Handbook (4th ed.), Informa, pp. 892-893, ISBN 978-1-4200- ...
Definition of Clostridium septicum. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Clostridium septicum. Definition: a bacterial species found in malignant edema of animals, in human battle wounds, and in cases ...
Clostridium septicum can cause gas gangrene, but unlike other Clostridium species like Clostridium perfringens, no trauma is ... Gas gangrene caused by Clostridium septicum is associated with colorectal cancer and other defects of the bowel. Clostridium ... "Molecular and cellular basis of microvascular perfusion deficits induced by clostridium perfringens and clostridium septicum". ... Oct 1995). "Clostridium septicum infection". Surgery. 118 (4): 592-8. doi:10.1016/s0039-6060(05)80023-6. PMID 7570310. *Mahon, ...
Activation and mechanism of Clostridium septicum alpha toxin.. Ballard J1, Sokolov Y, Yuan WL, Kagan BL, Tweten RK. ... Clostridium septicum produces a single lethal factor, alpha toxin (AT), which is a cytolytic protein with a molecular mass of ...
Clostridium septicum ATCC ® 12464™ Designation: Pasteur III (NCTC 547) TypeStrain=True Application: QC strain for VITEK 2 ... Clostridium septicum (Mace) Ford (ATCC® 12464™) Strain Designations: Pasteur III (NCTC 547) / Type Strain: yes / Biosafety ...
Clostridium septicum Sepsis and Colon Carcinoma: Report of 4 Cases. Eric Mao,1 Aine Clements,2 and Edward Feller1 ... An association exists between colon carcinoma and Clostridium septicum infection, especially bacteremia. We reviewed ... C. septicum infection was the presenting feature of previously undiagnosed large bowel malignancy in three patients. We report ... All patients with positive blood cultures for C. septicum, even without clinical suspicion of large bowel malignancy, should ...
Deidre K. Fontenot, Scott P. Terrell, Michele Miller, Patricia K. Robbins, Mark Stetter, and Martha Weber "CLOSTRIDIUM SEPTICUM ... CLOSTRIDIUM SEPTICUM MYOSITIS IN A WESTERN LOWLAND GORILLA (GORILLA GORILLA GORILLA). Deidre K. Fontenot, Scott P. Terrell, ... Deidre K. Fontenot, Scott P. Terrell, Michele Miller, Patricia K. Robbins, Mark Stetter, Martha Weber "CLOSTRIDIUM SEPTICUM ... Immunohistochemical fluorescent antibody staining of muscle from the wound site was positive for Clostridium septicum. ...
Clostridium septicum is not considered part of the normal stool flora 1,2 and is a rare cause of bacteremia, accounting for ... Spontaneous Clostridium septicum septic arthritis of the shoulder and gas gangrene. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2005;87:874-7. ... Clostridium septicum infection and associated malignancy. Report of 2 cases and review of the literature. Medicine 1989;68:30-7 ... Clostridium septicum aortitis: report of two cases and review of the literature. J Vasc Surg 2009;49:1304-9. ...
Clostridium acetobutylicum, Clostridium difficile, Clostridium novyi, Clostridium septicum, Clostridium tetani, and Clostridium ... Other clostridium, such as C. acetobutylicum, can produce butanol and acetone. ==Ecology== Clostridia septicum are ubiquitous ... The genome of C. septicum could fall between 2 and 4 millions nt. ==Cell structure and metabolism== Clostridium septicum are ... Molecular and cellular basis of microvascular perfusion deficits induced by Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium septicum. ...
S. S. B. Chew and D. Z. Lubowski, "Clostridium septicum and malignancy," ANZ Journal of Surgery, vol. 71, no. 11, pp. 647-649, ... C. W. Seder, M. Kramer, G. Long, M. R. Uzieblo, C. J. Shanley, and P. Bove, "Clostridium septicum aortitis: report of two cases ... J. R. Koransky, M. D. Stargel, and V. Dowell, "Clostridium septicum bacteremia and its clinical significance," The American ... A Rare Report of Infectious Emphysematous Aortitis Secondary to Clostridium septicum without Prior Vascular Intervention. Ciel ...
C. septicum is highly pathogenic; infection is most commonly associated with paraneoplastic syndrome and it is also a causative ... Phylogenetic positions of Clostridium chauvoei and Clostridium septicum based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. ... The alpha-toxin of Clostridium septicum is essential for virulence.. *Catherine L. Kennedy, Efrosinia O. Krejany, +6 authors ... Detection of Clostridium septicum hemolysin gene by polymerase chain reaction.. *Shotaro Takeuchi, Naotaka Hashizume, Tomohide ...
septicum and E. coli infection; all three patients were exposed to farm animals. A common zoonotic source for Cl. septicum and ... Five cases of Clostridium septicum infection secondary to Escherichia coli O157induced hemolytic uremic syndrome have been ... Stevens DL, Musher DM, Watson DA, Eddy H, Hamill RJ, Gyorkey F, Spontaneous, nontraumatic gangrene due to Clostridium septicum. ... Clostridium septicum sepsis and cerebritis: a rare complication of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1988;7: ...
Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium septicum Toxoid to Control Cellulitis in Turkeys. Turkeys Poultry health Meat and meat ... Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium septicum Toxoid to control cellulitis in turkeys. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 21(2):358-366. ... there and with Willmar Poultry Company and Jennie-O Turkey Store report that Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium septicum ... The objective of their study was to develop and evaluate the use of a bivalent C.perfringens and C.septicum toxoid to control ...
Clostridium septicum meningoencephalitis: an unusual presentation of occult rectal carcinoma.. R L Ragland, J R Knorr, G M Lee ... Clostridium septicum meningoencephalitis: an unusual presentation of occult rectal carcinoma.. R L Ragland, J R Knorr, G M Lee ... Clostridium septicum meningoencephalitis: an unusual presentation of occult rectal carcinoma.. R L Ragland, J R Knorr, G M Lee ... Clostridium septicum meningoencephalitis: an unusual presentation of occult rectal carcinoma. Message Subject (Your Name) has ...
The clostridia implicated in these (presumably) hematogenous infections include C. septicum, C. tertium, C. perfringens, and C ... Clostridia are spore-forming anaerobes that are very environmentally hardy. For the most part, clostridia are soil organisms, ... caused by clostridia, mortality is high (above 40% with C. perfringens, and higher with many other clostridia). Women with ... These include C. novyi,C. septicum, C. histolyticum, C. bifermentans, and C. sordellii. Clinically, it is very difficult to ...
Clostridium septicum derived from ATCC® 12464™*, SKU: 0586KKWIK-STIK™ 6 PackDETAILS ... Clostridium septicum derived from ATCC® 12464™*, SKU: 0586PKWIK-STIK™ 2 PackDETAILS ... are appropriate alternatives of some Clostridium species together with an additional period (24 hours) of incubation. ...
Clostridium septicum sepsis and colon carcinoma: report of 4 cases. Case Rep Med 2011;2011:1-3.doi:10.1155/2011/248453 ... C. septicum infection resulting in bacteraemia is extremely rare. Larson et al 3 reviewed all cases of Clostridium infection at ... C. septicum is different from its other Clostridium counterparts as it is able to invade and permeate healthy tissues. These ... Spontaneous, nontraumatic gangrene due to Clostridium septicum . Rev Infect Dis 1990;12:286-96.doi:10.1093/clinids/12.2.286 ...
Home » Advisers » Clostridium septicum. Copyright © 1995-2021 Intervet Inc., doing business as Merck Animal Health, a ... CLOSTRIDIUM CHAUVOEI-SEPTICUM-HAEMOLYTICUM-NOVYI-SORDELLII-PERFRINGENS TYPES C & D-HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS BACTERIN-TOXOID ... CLOSTRIDIUM CHAUVOEI-SEPTICUM-NOVYI-SORDELLII-PERFRINGENS TYPES C & D HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS BACTERIN-TOXOID ... CLOSTRIDIUM CHAUVOEI-SEPTICUM-HAEMOLYTICUM-NOVYI-SORDELLII-PERFRINGENS TYPES C & D BACTERIN-TOXOID ...
Clostridium species (Clostridium perfringens, C. butyricum, C. clostridioforme, C. innocuum, C. ramosum, C. septicum, C. ... Clostridium species (Clostridium perfringens, C. butyricum, C. clostridioforme, C. innocuum, C. ramosum, C. septicum, C. ... Clostridium innocuum and Clostridium ramosen compared with these of clinical isolates of Clostridium perfringens. J Clin ... Clostridium sordellii and C. septicum posses susceptibility similar to C. perfringens, although there are occasional strains ...
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms ... Clostridium septicum. A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae. Infections have a strong association ...
In addition to the standard treatment for infection after total joint arthroplasty, identification of Clostridium septicum ... The purpose of this case report was to present a case of a total knee arthroplasty infected with C. septicum and the subsequent ... CONCLUSION: Recognition of the association between C. septicum and malignancy is especially important considering the large ... Synovial fluid cultures identified the presence of C. septicum, Enterobacter and coagulase negative Staphylococcus. After ...
Clostridium septicum aortitis: Report of two cases and review of the literature. J Vasc Surg. 2009;49(5):1304-9. Article , ... C. septicum is a gram-positive bacillus that, while known to cause gas gangrene and fulminant sepsis like other Clostridium ... Clostridium septicum infection and associated malignancy: Report of 2 cases and review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore) ... Clostridium septicum is an anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus that can form endospores and withstand a variety of environments.3 ...
Clostridium septicum (Mace) Ford (ATCC® 12464™) ATCC® Number: 12464™ Strain Designations: Pasteur III (NCTC 547) ... Clostridium perfringens (Veillon and Zuber) Hauduroy et al. (ATCC® 13124™) ATCC® Number: 13124™ Strain Designations: NCTC 8237 ... Clostridium sordellii (Hall and Scott) Prevot (ATCC® 9714™) ATCC® Number: 9714™ Strain Designations: 211 [NCIB 10717] ...
Clostridium septicum (Mace) Ford (ATCC® 12464™) ATCC® Number: 12464™ Strain Designations: Pasteur III (NCTC 547) ... Clostridium perfringens (Veillon and Zuber) Hauduroy et al. (ATCC® 13124™) ATCC® Number: 13124™ Strain Designations: NCTC 8237 ...
... information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Clostridium septicum ... PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Clostridium septicum infection. ...
C. septicum alpha toxin is lethal and is responsible for a serious disease known as gas gangrene. The aim of the present study ... Clostridium septicum a Gram positive anaerobic bacterium produces several toxins including alpha, beta, gamma and delta. ... was to molecular cloning and sequencing of C. septicum vaccine strain alpha toxin gene. Genomic DNA was extracted using ... "Molecular cloning of Clostridium septicum vaccine strain alpha toxin gene in E. coli". Archives of Razi Institute, 69, 1, 2014 ...
Clostridium septicum-infeksjon og kreft. Soosaipillai V. Bernardshaw, Ola Røkke. 30.08.2001 ...
Clostridium septicum dermatitis, cellulitis, and myositis (malignant edema) in swine. Clostridium septicum dermatitis, ... Many long bacilli compatible with Clostridium spp. were visible among the inflammatory debris. Clostridium septicum was ... C. septicum cellulitis and myositis is known as malignant edema, gas gangrene, or pseudo-blackleg due to the clinical and ... Infection with the anaerobic bacillus C. septicum is an uncommon cause of disease and death in swine, and literature reports of ...
Clostridium septicum. III. Iron-milk: Inactive gaseous fermentation (long continued I; coagulation very late, if ever; no ...
Clostridium septicum aortitis causing aortic dissection in a 22-year-old man. Texas Heart Institute Journal. 2009 Sep 9;36(4): ... Clostridium septicum infection is a rare cause of aortic dissection, and the mortality rate for the condition is high. Only 26 ... N2 - Clostridium septicum infection is a rare cause of aortic dissection, and the mortality rate for the condition is high. ... AB - Clostridium septicum infection is a rare cause of aortic dissection, and the mortality rate for the condition is high. ...
We isolated clostridium septicum infection in a series of two patients admitted as emergencies. One patient was found to have a ... We report our experience of clostridium septicum infection in the presence of tumour perforation in a series of two patients as ... Awareness and early diagnosis of clostridium septicum may improve the prognosis of what is usually regarded as a fatal ... Although uncomman, the possibility of clostridium septicum sepsis should be borne in mind in patients who present with ...
  • Phylogenetic positions of Clostridium chauvoei and Clostridium septicum based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Malignant edema is a fatal infection of skeletal muscles and subcutaneous tissue of ruminants and other animal species, caused mainly by Clostridium septicum , but can occur in association with Clostridium chauvoei , Clostridium sordellii , Clostridium novyi type A and Clostridium perfringens tipo A. The definitive diagnosis of malignant edema must consider clinical data and necropsy lesions, microscopic features, isolation of the agent, direct immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and PCR. (scielo.br)
  • Clostridium chauvoei cells and equivalent toxoid : inducing ≥ 0.5 guinea pig PD90, formalin killed cells of the epidemiologically most important serotypes of Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella trehalosi grown under iron restricted conditions: 5x108 cells per strain in buffered physiological saline adsorbed onto aluminium hydroxide. (viovet.co.uk)
  • For use in healthy cattle and sheep as an aid in the prevention of diseases caused by C. chauvoei (blackleg) , C. septicum (malignant edema), C. novyi (black disease), C. sordellii (gas-gangrene), and C. perfringens Types B, C, and D (enterotoxemia). (drugs.com)
  • Covexin 8 (7-way Blackleg with Tetanus) Clostridium Chauvoei, Septicum Haemolyticum, Novyi, Tetani, Perfringens Types C & D Bacterin-Toxoid vaccine for healthy sheep and cattle. (jefferspet.com)
  • Clostridium septicum causes myonecrosis through the release of exotoxins such as the alpha toxin, lethal toxin, and hemolytic toxin C. septicum is a large, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium that is a member of the normal gut flora in humans as well as other animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four toxins have been isolated from C. septicum: the lethal alpha toxin, DNase beta-toxin, hyaluronidase gamma toxin, and the thiol-activated/septicolysin delta toxin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alpha toxin causes intravascular hemolysis and tissue necrosis and is well known as the main virulent factor in C. septicum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Activation and mechanism of Clostridium septicum alpha toxin. (nih.gov)
  • Clostridium septicum produces a single lethal factor, alpha toxin (AT), which is a cytolytic protein with a molecular mass of approximately 48 kDa. (nih.gov)
  • Current Research== One research of interest is to find out how the alpha toxin produced by C. septicum lead to myonecrosis seen in gas gangrene. (kenyon.edu)
  • Identification of functional domains of Clostridium septicum alpha toxin. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The alpha-toxin of Clostridium septicum is essential for virulence. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cytotoxicity of Clostridium septicum alpha-toxin: its oligomerization in detergent resistant membranes of mammalian cells. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Alpha-toxin is an important agent of the virulence of Clostridium septicum. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The identification and structure of the membrane-spanning domain of the Clostridium septicum alpha toxin. (semanticscholar.org)
  • and the demonstration of production of lecithinase (or alpha toxin by C. perfringens ) and lipase (by Clostridium sporogenes , Clostridium novyi and Clostridium botulinum ( 14 ). (antimicrobe.org)
  • C. septicum alpha toxin is lethal and is responsible for a serious disease known as gas gangrene. (ac.ir)
  • The aim of the present study was to molecular cloning and sequencing of C. septicum vaccine strain alpha toxin gene. (ac.ir)
  • Molecular cloning of Clostridium septicum vaccine strain alpha toxin gene in E. coli', Archives of Razi Institute , 69(1), pp. 15-20. (ac.ir)
  • to set the laboratory production conditions of Clostridium septicum IRP15 alpha toxin for the formulation of a veterinary vaccine and the optimization of the productive process. (bvsalud.org)
  • In C septicum , the alpha toxin forms pores and induces necrosis by causing the rapid loss of intracellular potassium and depletion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). (medscape.com)
  • Clostridium septicum is an anaerobic, motile, spore-forming, toxin-producing gram-positive bacillus that can lead to rapidly progressive gas gangrene due to the release of alpha toxin. (medworm.com)
  • C. septicum can cause spontaneous, non-traumatic gas gangrene, and C. sordellii can induce gas gangrene of the uterus, as a consequence of spontaneous abortion, normal vaginal delivery and traumatic injury. (antimicrobe.org)
  • histolyticum The organisms responsible for anaerobic infections are: (1) C. perfringens, (2) C. novyi, (3) C. septicum, (4) C. histolyticum, and (5) C. sordellii. (docme.ru)
  • We describe an unusual and protracted course of disease in 6 captive brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), which was believed to result from toxicosis by toxovar A produced by a mixed infection with Clostridium sordellii and Clostridium perfringens. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The pathogen that killed several abortion patients was Clostridium sordellii , a common bacterium that can prove deadly when it gets into the bloodstream. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A healthy 4-year-old boy sustained a closed fracture of the arm and died of Clostridium sordellii infection 4 days later. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since 2000, five women North America who had medically induced abortions died from toxic shock caused by a Clostridium sordellii infection. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • C. septicum is one of several bacteria responsible for myonecrosis, otherwise known as gas gangrene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gas gangrene or Clostridium myonecrosis is a rare, life-threatening necrotising soft tissue infection. (bmj.com)
  • This paper reports a case of myonecrosis and subcutaneous edema in a piglet caused by Clostridium septicum . (scielo.br)
  • Gas gangrene and clostridial myonecrosis are interchangeable terms used to describe an infection of muscle tissue by toxin-producing clostridia. (medscape.com)
  • Clostridial Myonecrosis (Gas Gangrene): A rare but extremely fatal disease that results from the infection of muscle tissue by exotoxin producing Clostridium bacteria Footnote 5 . (canada.ca)
  • Fatal clostridium septicum myonecrosis in a captive canada lynx (Lynx canadensis). (aslap.org)
  • C. septicum is highly pathogenic in humans because they produce a variety of toxins. (kenyon.edu)
  • Clostridium sporo´genes a species widespread in nature, reportedly associated with pathogenic anaerobes in gangrenous infections. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • There are close to 200 species of Clostridium, with only a few species being pathogenic to humans. (canada.ca)
  • In the same way, Clostridium and other pathogenic bacteria used to be controlled with some feed additives, but currently the use of these additives is less frequent in poultry feeds, and Clostridium-related diseases more recurrent. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • C. Septicum derived gas gangrene has shown strong correlations with increased levels of malignancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • It seems likely that either the treatment or the malignancy itself impairs the immune function of the gastrointestinal mucosa allowing C. septicum to gain access to the circulatory system. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. septicum infection was the presenting feature of previously undiagnosed large bowel malignancy in three patients. (hindawi.com)
  • All patients with positive blood cultures for C. septicum , even without clinical suspicion of large bowel malignancy, should undergo colonoscopy to evaluate for colon carcinoma. (hindawi.com)
  • Deadly combination: Clostridium septicum and colorectal malignancy -- Cullinane et al. (bmj.com)
  • Colorectal malignancy-associated Clostridiumsepticum is a rare cause of gas gangrene. (bmj.com)
  • This case outlines an initial presentation of colonic malignancy as gas gangrene from C.septicum infection. (bmj.com)
  • This case study illustrates the clinical presentation of colorectal malignancy-associated C. septicum and the rapid deterioration that ensued. (bmj.com)
  • Previous reports of infection with Clostridium septicum have identified an unexpected association with concurrent malignancy. (pcom.edu)
  • The purpose of this case report was to present a case of a total knee arthroplasty infected with C. septicum and the subsequent finding of an occult colonic malignancy. (pcom.edu)
  • Recognition of the association between C. septicum and malignancy is especially important considering the large predicted increase in total joint arthroplasty procedures over the coming decades. (pcom.edu)
  • In addition to the standard treatment for infection after total joint arthroplasty, identification of Clostridium septicum should initiate a search for associated occult malignancy. (pcom.edu)
  • We report our experience of clostridium septicum infection in the presence of tumour perforation in a series of two patients as a reminder of its association with sepsis in the presence of colorectal malignancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although uncomman, the possibility of clostridium septicum sepsis should be borne in mind in patients who present with underlying malignancy and have sepsis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here we report our experience of C.septicum infection as a reminder of its association with sepsis in the presence of colorectal malignancy and discuss the clinical outcomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Spontaneous infection with Clostridium septicum (C. septicum) is rare, but when isolated it is commonly associated with malignancy. (elsevier.com)
  • When Clostridium septicum bacteremia is diagnosed, awareness of the possible correlation with an underlying malignancy is of the utmost importance. (peeters-leuven.be)
  • Other common clostridial species that cause gas gangrene include Clostridium bifermentans, Clostridium septicum, Clostridium sporogenes, Clostridium novyi, Clostridium fallax, Clostridium histolyticum, and Clostridium tertium . (medscape.com)
  • C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Clostridium perfringens, C septicum and C histolyticum are the most common isolates. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The familiar ones are Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium acetobutylicum, Clostridium difficile, Clostridium novyi, Clostridium septicum, Clostridium tetani, and Clostridium botulinum ==Description and significance== Clostridium septicum are found in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including aquatic sediments, soils, animals and humans guts. (kenyon.edu)
  • Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani , a soil inhabitant that is a prolific spore producer. (cornell.edu)
  • Although rare, C. septicum infections are often found in individuals with a recent history of trauma, surgery, peripheral vascular disease, diabetes, colon cancer, skin infections or burns and septic abortions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, patients with C. septicum infections present colonic carcinoma or a tumor that has metastasized to the colon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clostridia implicated in these (presumably) hematogenous infections include C. septicum , C. tertium, C. perfringens , and C. novyi . (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Human infections with clostridia can result from endogenous or exogenous infection ( 5 ). (antimicrobe.org)
  • Clostridial histiotoxic syndromes are mediated by toxins and include soft tissue infections such as gas gangrene (caused by C. perfringens ), enteric diseases such as clostridial food poisoning, enteritis necroticans, antibiotic associated colitis (caused by C. difficile ), discussed elsewhere, and neutropenic enterocolitis (caused by C. septicum ) and neurological syndromes such as tetanus and botulism (both discussed elsewhere). (antimicrobe.org)
  • Clostridia are also often isolated from polymicrobial intraabdominal, biliary, pleuropulmonary, central nervous system, genitourinary and skin and soft tissue infections ( 5 ). (antimicrobe.org)
  • Isolation of Clostridia from wound, pus, blood or faeces, along with toxin and serological assays aid in the diagnosis of clostridial infections. (antimicrobe.org)
  • The role of clostridia in the pathogenesis of polmicrobial infections is unclear ( 28 , 29 ). (antimicrobe.org)
  • C. septicum is a gram-positive bacillus that, while known to cause gas gangrene and fulminant sepsis like other Clostridium species, can serve as the source for vascular infections. (gi.org)
  • Spontaneous clostridium septicum infections are rare and are associated with a high mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition, we review the existing 16 cases of C. septicum central nervous system and 6 cases of C. septicum ophthalmologic infections from the literature. (lvhn.org)
  • The soft tissue infections caused by Clostridium species have been described in the literature for hundreds of years. (bvsalud.org)
  • Infections are caused by the bacterium Clostridium novyi , which becomes active in the liver tissue damaged by the liver fluke. (cornell.edu)
  • Clostridium ramo´sum a species found in human and animal infections and feces and commonly isolated from clinical specimens. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridium ter´tium a species found in feces, sewage, and soil and present in some gangrenous infections. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Severe infections caused by Clostridium species have been described in the medical literature for centuries-largely because of their fulminant nature, distinctive clinical presentations, and complex management issues. (asmscience.org)
  • Clostridium septicum is an aerotolerant gram-positive, gas-producing bacillus. (cmaj.ca)
  • Clostridium septicum is an anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus that can form endospores and withstand a variety of environments. (gi.org)
  • Clostridium septicum is an anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus that can be found in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy subjects. (lvhn.org)
  • This organism, originally known as Bacillus aerogenes capsulatus, was later renamed Bacillus perfringens, and then Clostridium welchii . (medscape.com)
  • Gas gangrene is caused by an anaerobic, gram-positive, spore-forming bacillus of the genus Clostridium . (medscape.com)
  • Clostridium septicum a Gram positive anaerobic bacterium produces several toxins including alpha, beta, gamma and delta. (ac.ir)
  • This is due to the lysis of neutrophils , a type of white blood cell, caused by the lecithinases and other toxins released by Clostridium species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clostridium botuli´num the causative agent of botulism, divided into six types (A through F) which elaborate immunologically distinct toxins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Causes diseases such as gas gangrene, tetanus, botulism & pseudo-membranous colitis by producing toxins which attack the neurons pathways Clostridia of medical importance Clostridium Causing Tetanus e.g. (docme.ru)
  • The closely related aerolysins are distantly related to many other toxins including the α-toxin of the Gram-positive bacterium, Clostridium septicum , enterolobin, a cytolysin of the plant, Enterolobium contortisiliquum , the ε-toxin of Clostridium perfringens (1.C.5.1.1), and the α-hemolysin of Staphylococcus aureus (1.C.3.1.1). (tcdb.org)
  • Any factor that changes the normal intestinal function of broilers may change the balance of microorganisms in their guts and increase the number of Clostridium and/or the production of their α-toxins. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Colon and oesophageal content from the male at necropsy were positive for Clostridium botulinum toxin type C by the mouse bioassay neutralisation test, confirming that this male had had concomitant barbiturate toxicity and botulism, and had succumbed to aspiration bronchopneumonia secondary to pharyngeal, laryngeal and oesophageal paralysis and oesophageal impaction. (scielo.org.za)
  • An association exists between colon carcinoma and Clostridium septicum infection, especially bacteremia. (hindawi.com)
  • Clostridium septicum is not considered part of the normal stool flora 1 , 2 and is a rare cause of bacteremia, accounting for less than 1% of blood cultures that test positive for clostridia. (cmaj.ca)
  • Epidemiology of Clostridium species bacteremia in Calgary, Canada, 2000-2006. (semanticscholar.org)
  • can be associated with anaerobic bacteremia including C. septicum , C. ramosum , C. clostridioforme , or C. tertium Footnote 2 , Footnote 7 . (canada.ca)
  • Clostridium septicum aortitis is a rare infection that is strongly associated with underlying adenocarcinoma of the colon. (gi.org)
  • Herein, we present the case of a 22-year-old man whose C. septicum aortitis resulted in aortic dissection that involved the entire length of the aorta. (elsevier.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the 1st report of C. septicum aortitis, fatal or otherwise, in a young individual. (elsevier.com)
  • Yang, Z & Reilly, SD 2009, ' Clostridium septicum aortitis causing aortic dissection in a 22-year-old man ', Texas Heart Institute Journal , vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 334-336. (elsevier.com)
  • Clostridia are obligate anaerobes, but some species are relatively aerotolerant. (medscape.com)
  • Due to its aerotolerant characteristics, Clostridium septicum is capable of infecting healthy human tissue, in contrast to Clostridium perfringens . (peeters-leuven.be)
  • This is most commonly caused by C septicum , an aerotolerant strain of the Clostria. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • This deadly form of gangrene usually is caused by Clostridium perfringens bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Clostridium is a genus of gram-positive, spore-forming bacteria belonging to the family Clostridiaceae. (canada.ca)
  • Clostridia are spore-forming bacteria that can be found anywhere. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • It is important to remember that all animals including broilers are always in contact with Clostridium and other bacteria related to these diseases, such as E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus . (thepoultrysite.com)
  • 9 These areas of tissue necrosis may explain why hematologic and solid-organ malignant growths have also been reported in association with C. septicum . (cmaj.ca)
  • 7 Concomitant bowel or hematologic malignant disease is associated with 80%-85% of all reported cases of C. septicum infection. (cmaj.ca)
  • There are few reports in the literature concerning malignant edema in swine, and, the C. septicum , has been associated with most of the cases. (scielo.br)
  • Malignant edema is caused by the bacterium Clostridium septicum . (cornell.edu)
  • The lack of information on bacteriophages of Clostridium difficile prompted this study. (asm.org)
  • Clostridium difficile has risen from relative obscurity 20 years ago to be an important hospital pathogen recognized as the cause of a wide spectrum of enteric diseases, including C. difficile -associated diarrhea (CDAD) ( 28 ). (asm.org)
  • Although phages of the Clostridium species have been described previously ( 22 ), there have been a limited number of studies of C. difficile phages ( 20 , 27 ). (asm.org)
  • Clostridium perfringens is the most common clinical isolate of the genus. (antimicrobe.org)
  • Clostridium te´tani a common inhabitant of soil and human and horse intestines, and the cause of tetanus in humans and domestic animals. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Species: Clostridium septicum ===Species=== There are around 150 species in this genus. (kenyon.edu)
  • Organisms of the genus Clostridium are important members of the humans' anaerobic gastrointestinal and cervical-vaginal flora. (antimicrobe.org)
  • Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium , occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • C. septicum are fermentative anaerobes and therefore can live off of a variety of substrates like sugars, amino acids and other organic compounds, generating molecular hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide as byproducts of cellular respiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clostridia are spore-forming anaerobes that are very environmentally hardy. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Clostridium septicum is a gram positive, spore forming, obligate anaerobic bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • C. septicum is a resident bacterium of the human microflora, however it can be found in almost any anoxic habitat in which exists organic compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common clinical presentation of infection with C. septicum is skin and soft-tissue infection. (cmaj.ca)
  • However, early recognition and aggressive treatment , including open or percutaneous drainage and parenteral antibiotics against Clostridia should be promptly initiated, along with clinical support. (bvsalud.org)
  • A recent clinical series on gas gangrene demonstrated a predominance (83.3%) of aerobic gram-negative bacilli in wound cultures compared with anaerobic gram-positive bacilli, with Clostridium species accounting for 4.5% of the isolates. (medscape.com)
  • Current antimicrobial susceptibilities among the clostridia are also presented, as are the evaluation, interpretation, and reporting of clinical microbiology laboratory results. (asmscience.org)
  • Zhou, M & Martindale, RG 2008, ' Clostridium septicum infection associated with necrotizing pancreatitis, transmural gastric necrosis, and liquefaction of the spleen ', European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery , vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 77-79. (elsevier.com)
  • Five cases of Clostridium septicum infection secondary to Escherichia coli O157induced hemolytic uremic syndrome have been reported. (cdc.gov)
  • Blood cultures grew Clostridium septicum , Escherichia coli , and Klebsiella . (medscape.com)
  • bacterial causes include Staphylococcus aureus , S. epidermis , Streptococcus pyogenes , S. pneumoniae , Escherichia coli , and Clostridium septicum . (merckmanuals.com)
  • Necrotic enteritis and gangrenous dermatitis are the most common diseases caused by Clostridium in broilers. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Coccidiosis is one of the most frequent causes of proliferation of Clostridium perfringens and contributor to the necrotic enteritis disease. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • A.J. Thachil of the University of Minnesota and co-authors there and with Willmar Poultry Company and Jennie-O Turkey Store report that Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium septicum are recognised as the causative agents for cellulitis in turkeys. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Clostridium septicum can cause gas gangrene, but unlike other Clostridium species like Clostridium perfringens, no trauma is necessary at the site of the infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the most part, clostridia are soil organisms, but they also colonize or contaminate the enteric tracts of animals and humans. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Organisms isolated most frequently from blood cultures are Clostridium and enteric gram-negative bacilli. (medscape.com)
  • Human methane production may result from the metabolism of other gastrointestinal organisms such as Clostridia. (bl.uk)
  • Clostridium septicum is responsible for several diseases in humans and animals. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Severe infection with Clostridium septicum in humans is relatively rare. (cdc.gov)
  • Clostridia are ubiquitous and are found in the soil, marine sediment, decaying vegetation and intestinal tract of humans, other vertebrate and insects. (antimicrobe.org)
  • Clostridia have been isolated from the mucous membranes of humans, including the GI tract and the female genital tract. (medscape.com)
  • Clostridium perfringens (Veillon and Zuber) Hauduroy et al. (atcc.org)
  • Awareness and early diagnosis of clostridium septicum may improve the prognosis of what is usually regarded as a fatal infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The gas gangrene due to Clostridium remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. (bvsalud.org)
  • Infection with C. septicum most commonly occurs after hematogenous dissemination, usually from ulceration of a colonic focus. (cmaj.ca)
  • Synovial fluid cultures identified the presence of C. septicum, Enterobacter and coagulase negative Staphylococcus. (pcom.edu)
  • Clostridium perfringens (13 isolates), Clostridium septicum (2 isolates), Staphylococcus aureus (10 isolates), Lactobacillus spp. (asm.org)
  • Svenska: En gramfärgad bild av Streptococcus mutans. (eol.org)
  • It can be distinguished from the more common Clostridium perfringens by the presence of subterminal rather than central spores on Gram staining. (cmaj.ca)
  • 5 , 7 , 8 A possible explanation for this association is that the anaerobic glycolysis of the tumour may provide a hypoxic and acidic environment that favours germination of C. septicum spores. (cmaj.ca)
  • Ecology== Clostridia septicum are ubiquitous in nature. (kenyon.edu)
  • Clostridium perfringens is the most important of the species and accounts for 20-40% of all isolates. (antimicrobe.org)
  • The significance of clostridia in polymicrobial isolates is unknown. (antimicrobe.org)
  • Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Clostridium perfringens. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Clostridium bifermen´tans a species common in feces, sewage, and soil and associated with gas gangrene. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The organism may be more likely than other clostridia to establish infection in viable tissues by virtue of its aerotolerance and ability to establish infection (at least in animal models) from a small inoculum (4) . (cdc.gov)
  • The organism most frequently associated with cases of non-traumatic gas gangrene is Clostridium septicum . (bmj.com)
  • The organism is now named Clostridium perfringens . (medscape.com)
  • Anaerobic Incubation 85% nitrogen 10% hydrogen 5% carbon dioxide Clostridium perfringens colonies Many strains of Cl. (docme.ru)
  • Blood cultures grew Clostridium septicum . (gi.org)
  • Immediately pre-operatively, she was found to have C.septicum positive blood cultures. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clostridium septicum infection is a rare cause of aortic dissection, and the mortality rate for the condition is high. (elsevier.com)
  • Clostridium septicum is an anaerobic, spore-forming and toxin-producing gram-positive rod with peritrichous flagella. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Because antimicrobial susceptibilities are relatively similar among these clostridia, this should not influence empiric antibiotic choices. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • It is caused by Clostridium perfringins type D and most commonly strikes the largest, fastest growing lambs in the flock. (cornell.edu)
  • The most commonly occurring operational taxonomic unit (OTU) had a 16S rRNA gene (rDNA) sequence 96 to 99% similar to that of Clostridium lituseburense and represented approximately 6% of the manure derived sequences, 14% of the separator pit-derived sequences and 20% of the lagoon-derived sequences. (asm.org)