A species of gram-positive, cellulolytic bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae. It produces CELLULOSOMES which are involved in plant CELL WALL degradation.
A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
Extracellular structures found in a variety of microorganisms. They contain CELLULASES and play an important role in the digestion of CELLULOSE.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.
An exocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE and cellotetraose. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing ends of beta-D-glucosides with release of CELLOBIOSE.
A cellulose derivative which is a beta-(1,4)-D-glucopyranose polymer. It is used as a bulk laxative and as an emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals and as a stabilizer for reagents.
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in beta (1-4) glycosidic linkage. Obtained from the partial hydrolysis of cellulose.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
Systems of enzymes which function sequentially by catalyzing consecutive reactions linked by common metabolic intermediates. They may involve simply a transfer of water molecules or hydrogen atoms and may be associated with large supramolecular structures such as MITOCHONDRIA or RIBOSOMES.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A species of anaerobic, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae that produces proteins with characteristic neurotoxicity. It is the etiologic agent of BOTULISM in humans, wild fowl, HORSES; and CATTLE. Seven subtypes (sometimes called antigenic types, or strains) exist, each producing a different botulinum toxin (BOTULINUM TOXINS). The organism and its spores are widely distributed in nature.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-mannose residues in beta-D-mannosides. The enzyme plays a role in the lysosomal degradation of the N-glycosylprotein glycans. Defects in the lysosomal form of the enzyme in humans result in a buildup of mannoside intermediate metabolites and the disease BETA-MANNOSIDOSIS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A family of glycosidases that hydrolyse crystalline CELLULOSE into soluble sugar molecules. Within this family there are a variety of enzyme subtypes with differing substrate specificities that must work together to bring about complete cellulose hydrolysis. They are found in structures called CELLULOSOMES.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Enzymes which catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in XYLANS.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha- or beta-xylosidic linkages. EC 3.2.1.8 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.32 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.37 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans; and EC 3.2.1.72 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans. Other xylosidases have been identified that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha-xylosidic bonds.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A xylosidase that catalyses the random hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
An acute inflammation of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA that is characterized by the presence of pseudomembranes or plaques in the SMALL INTESTINE (pseudomembranous enteritis) and the LARGE INTESTINE (pseudomembranous colitis). It is commonly associated with antibiotic therapy and CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE colonization.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, used for the industrial production of SOLVENTS.

The interaction of carbohydrate-binding modules with insoluble non-crystalline cellulose is enthalpically driven. (1/15)

Natural cellulose exists as a composite of cellulose forms, which can be broadly characterized as crystalline or non-crystalline. The recognition of both of these forms of cellulose by the CBMs (carbohydrate-binding modules) of microbial glycoside hydrolases is important for the efficient natural and biotechnological conversion of cellulosic biomass. The category of CBM that binds insoluble non-crystalline cellulose does so with an affinity approx. 10-20-fold greater than their affinity for cello-oligosaccharides and/or soluble polysaccharides. This phenomenon has been assumed to originate from the effects of changes in configurational entropy upon binding. The loss of configurational entropy is thought to be less profound upon binding to conformationally restrained insoluble non-crystalline cellulose, resulting in larger free energies of binding. However, using isothermal titration calorimetry, it is shown that this is not the case for the high-affinity interactions of CcCBM17 (the family 17 CBM from EngF of Clostridium cellulovorans) and BspCBM28 (the family 28 CBM from Cel5A of Bacillus species 1139) with regenerated cellulose, an insoluble preparation of primarily non-crystalline cellulose. The enhanced free energy of binding of non-crystalline cellulose relative to cello-oligosaccharides is by virtue of improved enthalpy, not entropy.  (+info)

Isolation and expression of the xynB gene and its product, XynB, a consistent component of the Clostridium cellulovorans cellulosome. (2/15)

The nucleotide sequence of the Clostridium cellulovorans xynB gene, which encodes the XynB xylanase, consists of 1,821 bp and encodes a protein of 607 amino acids with a molecular weight of 65,976. XynB contains a typical N-terminal signal peptide of 29 amino acid residues, followed by a 147-amino-acid sequence that is homologous to the family 4-9 (subfamily 9 in family 4) carbohydrate-binding domain. Downstream of this domain is a family 10 catalytic domain of glycosyl hydrolase. The C terminus separated from the catalytic domain by a short linker sequence contains a dockerin domain responsible for cellulosome assembly. The XynB sequence from mass spectrometry and N-terminal amino acid sequence analyses agreed with that deduced from the nucleotide sequence. XynB was highly active toward xylan, but not active toward carboxymethyl cellulose. The enzyme was optimally active at 40 degrees C and pH 5.0. Northern hybridizations revealed that xynB is transcribed as a monocistronic 1.9-kb mRNA. RNA ligase-mediated rapid amplification of 5' cDNA ends by PCR (RLM-5'RACE PCR) analysis of C. cellulovorans RNA identified a single transcriptional start site of xynB located 47 bp upstream from the first nucleotide of the translation initiation codon. Alignment of the xynB promoter region provided evidence for highly conserved sequences that exhibited strong similarity to the sigmaA consensus promoter sequences of gram-positive bacteria. Expression of xynB mRNA increased from early to middle exponential phase and decreased during the early stationary phase when the cells were grown on cellobiose. No alternative promoter was observed by RLM-5'RACE PCR and reverse transcriptase PCR analyses during expression. The analysis of the products from xylan hydrolysis by thin-layer chromatography indicated its endoxylanase activity. The results suggest that XynB is a consistent and major cellulosomal enzyme during growth on cellulose or xylan.  (+info)

Effect of carbon source on the cellulosomal subpopulations of Clostridium cellulovorans. (3/15)

Clostridium cellulovorans produces a cellulase enzyme complex called the cellulosome. When cells were grown on different carbon substrates such as Avicel, pectin, xylan, or a mixture of all three, the subunit composition of the cellulosomal subpopulations and their enzymic activities varied significantly. Fractionation of the cellulosomes (7-11 fractions) indicated that the cellulosome population was heterogeneous, although the composition of the scaffolding protein CbpA, endoglucanase EngE and cellobiohydrolase ExgS was relatively constant. One of the cellulosomal fractions with the greatest endoglucanase activity also showed the highest or second highest cellulase activity under all growth conditions tested. The cellulosomal fractions produced from cells grown on a mixture of carbon substrates showed the greatest cellulase activity and contained CbpA, EngE/EngK, ExgS/EngH and EngL. High xylanase activity in cellulose, pectin and mixed carbon-grown cells was detected with a specific cellulosomal fraction which had relatively larger amounts of XynB, XynA and unknown proteins (35-45 kDa). These results in toto indicate that the assembly of cellulosomes occurs in a non-random fashion.  (+info)

Degradation of corn fiber by Clostridium cellulovorans cellulases and hemicellulases and contribution of scaffolding protein CbpA. (4/15)

Clostridium cellulovorans, an anaerobic bacterium, degrades native substrates efficiently by producing an extracellular enzyme complex called the cellulosome. All cellulosomal enzyme subunits contain dockerin domains that can bind to hydrophobic domains termed cohesins which are repeated nine times in CbpA, the nonenzymatic scaffolding protein of C. cellulovorans cellulosomes. In this study, the synergistic interactions of cellulases (endoglucanase E, EngE; endoglucanase L, EngL) and hemicellulases (arabinofuranosidase A, ArfA; xylanase A, XynA) were determined on the degradation of corn fiber, a natural substrate containing mainly xylan, arabinan, and cellulose. The degradation by XynA and ArfA of cellulose/arabinoxylan was greater than that of corn fiber and resulted in 2.6-fold and 1.4-fold increases in synergy, respectively. Synergistic effects were observed in increments in both simultaneous and sequential reactions with ArfA and XynA. These synergistic enzymes appear to represent potential rate-limiting enzymes for efficient hemicellulose degradation. When mini-cellulosomes were constructed from the cellulosomal enzymes (XynA and EngL) and mini-CbpA with cohesins 1 and 2 (mini-CbpA1&2) and mini-CbpA with cohesins 5 and 6 (mini-CbpA5&6), higher activity was observed than that for the corresponding enzymes alone. Based on the degradation of different types of celluloses and hemicelluloses, the interaction between cellulosomal enzymes (XynA and EngL) and mini-CbpA displayed a diversity that suggests that dockerin-cohesin interaction from C. cellulovorans may be more selective than random.  (+info)

Site-directed mutagenesis and expression of the soluble form of the family IIIa cellulose binding domain from the cellulosomal scaffolding protein of Clostridium cellulovorans. (5/15)

The planar and anchoring residues of the family IIIa cellulose binding domain (CBD) from the cellulosomal scaffolding protein of Clostridium cellulovorans were investigated by site-directed mutagenesis and cellulose binding studies. By fusion with maltose binding protein, the family IIIa recombinant wild-type and mutant CBDs from C. cellulovorans were expressed as soluble forms. Cellulose binding tests of the mutant CBDs indicated that the planar strip residues played a major role in cellulose binding and that the anchoring residues played only a minor role.  (+info)

Synthesis of Clostridium cellulovorans minicellulosomes by intercellular complementation. (6/15)

The ability of two strains of bacteria to cooperate in the synthesis of an enzyme complex (a minicellulosome) was examined. Three strains of Bacillus subtilis were constructed to express Clostridium cellulovorans genes engB, xynB, and minicbpA. MiniCbpA, EngB, and XynB were synthesized and secreted into the medium by B. subtilis. When the strains with the minicbpA and engB genes or with xynB were cocultured, minicellulosomes were synthesized, consisting in one case of miniCbpA and EngB and in the second case of miniCbpA and XynB. Both minicellulosomes showed their respective enzymatic activities. We call this phenomenon "intercellular complementation." Interesting implications concerning bacterial cooperation are suggested from these results.  (+info)

Synergistic interaction of Clostridium cellulovorans cellulosomal cellulases and HbpA. (7/15)

Clostridium cellulovorans, an anaerobic bacterium, produces a small nonenzymatic protein called HbpA, which has a surface layer homology domain and a type I cohesin domain similar to those found in the cellulosomal scaffolding protein CbpA. In this study, we demonstrated that HbpA could bind to cell wall fragments from C. cellulovorans and insoluble polysaccharides and form a complex with cellulosomal cellulases endoglucanase B (EngB) and endoglucanase L (EngL). Synergistic degradative action of the cellulosomal cellulase and HbpA complexes was demonstrated on acid-swollen cellulose, Avicel, and corn fiber. We propose that HbpA functions to bind dockerin-containing cellulosomal enzymes to the cell surface and complements the activity of cellulosomes.  (+info)

Effect of multiple copies of cohesins on cellulase and hemicellulase activities of Clostridium cellulovorans mini-cellulosomes. (8/15)

Cellulosomes in Clostridium cellulovorans are assembled by the interaction between the repeated cohesin domains of a scaffolding protein (CbpA) and the dockerin domain of enzyme components. In this study, we determined the synergistic effects on cellulosic and hemicellulosic substrates by three different recombinant mini-cellulosomes containing either endoglucanase EngB or endoxylanase XynA bound to mini-CbpA with one cohesin domain (mini-CbpA1), two cohesins (mini-CbpA12), or four cohesins (mini-CbpA1234). The assembly of EngB or XynA with mini-CbpA increased the activity against carboxymethyl cellulose, acid-swollen cellulose, Avicel, xylan, and corn fiber 1.1-1.8-fold compared with that for the corresponding enzyme alone. A most distinct improvement was shown with corn fiber, a natural substrate containing xylan, arabinan, and cellulose. However, there was little difference in activity between the three different mini-cellulosomes when the cellulosomal enzyme concentration was held constant regardless of the copy number of cohesins in the cellulosome. A synergistic effect was observed when the enzyme concentration was increased to be proportional to the number of cohesins in the mini-cellulosome. The highest degree of synergy was observed with mini-CbpA1234 (1.8-fold) and then mini-CbpA12 (1.3-fold), and the lowest synergy was observed with mini-CbpA1 (1.2-fold) when Avicel was used as the substrate. As the copy number of cohesin was increased, there was more synergy. These results indicate that the clustering effect (physical enzyme proximity) of the enzyme within the mini-cellulosome is one of the important factors for efficient degradation of plant cell walls.  (+info)

Some common types of Clostridium infections include:

* Clostridium difficile (C. diff) infection: This is a common type of diarrheal disease that can occur after taking antibiotics, especially in people who are hospitalized or living in long-term care facilities.
* Gas gangrene: This is a severe and potentially life-threatening infection that occurs when Clostridium bacteria infect damaged tissue, causing gas to build up in the affected area.
* Tetanus: This is a serious neurological infection caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which can enter the body through open wounds or puncture wounds.
* Botulism: This is a potentially fatal illness caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which can be contracted through contaminated food or wounds.

Clostridium infections can cause a range of symptoms, including diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and swelling or redness in the affected area. Treatment depends on the type of infection and may include antibiotics, surgery, or supportive care to manage symptoms.

Prevention measures for Clostridium infections include proper hand hygiene, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, and practicing safe food handling practices to prevent the spread of botulism and other clostridial infections. Vaccines are also available for some types of clostridial infections, such as tetanus and botulism.

In summary, Clostridium infections are a diverse group of bacterial infections that can cause a range of illnesses, from mild to severe and life-threatening. Proper prevention and treatment measures are essential to avoid the potential complications of these infections.

PSE can be a serious condition, especially in older adults or those with weakened immune systems, as it can lead to life-threatening complications such as inflammation of the bowel wall, perforation of the bowel, and sepsis. PSE is often diagnosed through a combination of clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, and imaging studies such as X-rays or CT scans. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to eradicate the infection, as well as supportive care to manage symptoms such as fluid replacement, pain management, and wound care. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged portions of the intestine.

Prevention measures for PSE include proper hand hygiene, isolation precautions, and environmental cleaning to reduce the transmission of C. diff spores. Probiotics, which are live microorganisms that are similar to the beneficial bacteria found in the gut, have also been shown to be effective in preventing PSE recurrence.

"Clostridium cellulovorans" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Clostridium cellulovorans at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Clostridium cellulovorans is an anaerobic, mesophilic, spore-forming cellulolytic bacterium. Its cells are gram-negative and ... Koukiekolo R, Cho HY, Kosugi A, Inui M, Yukawa H, Doi RH (July 2005). "Degradation of corn fiber by Clostridium cellulovorans ... Doi RH, Tamaru Y (2001). "The Clostridium cellulovorans cellulosome: an enzyme complex with plant cell wall degrading activity ...
Tamaru Y, Doi RH (March 2001). "Pectate lyase A, an enzymatic subunit of the Clostridium cellulovorans cellulosome". ...
January 2011). "Structural and functional analysis of three β-glucosidases from bacterium Clostridium cellulovorans, fungus ...
Clostridium acetobutylicum Clostridium cellulolyticum Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium clariflavum Clostridium josui ... The scaffoldin of some cellulosomes, an example being that of Clostridium thermocellum, contains a carbohydrate-binding module ... Dockerin Organelle Bayer, EA; Kenig, R; Lamed, R (1983). "Adherence of Clostridium thermocellum to cellulose". J. Bacteriol. ... Clostridium papyrosolvens Clostridium thermocellum (treated as model organism in cellulose utilization and also anaerobic ...
Clostridium cavendishii Clostridium celatum Clostridium cellulofermentans Clostridium cellulosi Clostridium cellulovorans ... Clostridium aceticum Clostridium acetireducens Clostridium acetobutylicum Clostridium acidisoli Clostridium aciditolerans ... Clostridium aestuarii Clostridium akagii Clostridium algidicarnis Clostridium algifaecis Clostridium algoriphilum Clostridium ... Clostridium novyi Clostridium oceanicum Clostridium oryzae Clostridium paradoxum Clostridium paraputrificum Clostridium pascui ...
Clostridium cellulolyticum MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.205 - Clostridium cellulovorans MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.215 - Clostridium ... Clostridium cellulolyticum MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.205 - Clostridium cellulovorans MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.215 - Clostridium ... Clostridium symbiosum MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.722 - Clostridium tertium MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.725 - Clostridium tetani MeSH ... Clostridium symbiosum MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.722 - Clostridium tertium MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.725 - Clostridium tetani MeSH ...
Domain combinations containing the CAC2185-like superfamily in Clostridium cellulovorans 743B. Domain architectures illustrate ... 1 domain combinations include a CAC2185-like domain in Clostridium cellulovorans 743B. With a total of 0 different partner ... Domain combinations for CAC2185-like superfamily in Clostridium cellulovorans 743B. ...
QM/MM investigation of the catalytic mechanism of processive endoglucanase Cel9G from Clostridium cellulovorans. Li, Penghui; ... Processive binding mechanism of Cel9G from Clostridium cellulovorans: molecular dynamics and free energy landscape ...
Clostridium cellulovorans - Preferred Concept UI. M0456046. Scope note. A species of gram-positive, cellulolytic bacteria in ... Clostridium cellulovorans. Scope note:. Especie de bacterias grampositivas celulolíticas de la familia Clostridiaceae. Produce ... Clostridium cellulovorans Descriptor Spanish: Clostridium cellulovorans Spanish from Spain Descriptor. ... Clostridium cellulovorans Descriptor French: Clostridium cellulovorans Tree number(s):. B03.300.390.400.200.205. B03.353. ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Unique contribution of the cell wall-binding endoglucanase G to the cellulolytic complex in Clostridium cellulovorans. Jeon, S ...
Clostridium cellulovorans 743B chromosome, complete genome. putative transcriptional regulator, XRE family. NC_014376:3009403: ... Clostridium saccharolyticum WM1 chromosome, complete genome. putative Transcriptional regulator, XRE family. NC_012526:300126: ...
Clostridium cavendishii DSM 21758 (UP000184310) Clostridium celatum DSM 1785 (UP000010420) Clostridium cellulovorans (strain ... Clostridium niameyense (UP000473885) Clostridium novyi (strain NT) (UP000008220) Clostridium oryzae (UP000190080) Clostridium ... Clostridium indicum (UP000260680) Clostridium intestinale URNW (UP000016721) Clostridium isatidis (UP000264883) Clostridium ... Clostridium Clostridium aceticum (UP000035704) Clostridium acetireducens DSM 10703 (UP000175744) Clostridium acetobutylicum ( ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulolyticum [B03.300.390.400.200.200] Clostridium cellulolyticum * Clostridium cellulovorans [B03.300.390.400. ... Clostridium butyricum - Preferred Concept UI. M0456039. Scope note. Type species of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM, a gram-positive ... Clostridium butyricum. Scope note:. Especie tipo del género CLOSTRIDIUM, bacteria grampositiva de la familia Clostridiaceae. Se ... infection: coordinate IM with CLOSTRIDIUM INFECTIONS (IM). Allowable Qualifiers:. CH chemistry. CL classification. CY cytology ...
Clostridium cellulosi * Clostridium cellulovorans * Clostridium chartatabidum * Clostridium chauvoei * Clostridium ... Parent taxon: Clostridium Prazmowski 1880 (Approved Lists 1980) Assigned by: Sakuma K, Kitahara M, Kibe R, Sakamoto M, Benno Y ... Clostridium glycyrrhizinilyticum is the correct name if this species is regarded as a separate species (i.e., if its ... Effective publication: Sakuma K, Kitahara M, Kibe R, Sakamoto M, Benno Y. Clostridium glycyrrhizinilyticum sp. nov., a ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B03.300.390.400.200.215 Clostridium chauvoei B03.300.390.400.200.250 Clostridium difficile B03.300. ... Clostridium cellulovorans B03.353.625.375.500.215 Clostridium chauvoei B03.353.625.375.500.250 Clostridium difficile B03.353. ... Clostridium cellulovorans B03.510.415.400.200.215 Clostridium chauvoei B03.510.415.400.200.250 Clostridium difficile B03.510. ... Clostridium botulinum type A B03.300.390.400.200.160.100 Clostridium botulinum type B B03.300.390.400.200.160.150 Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Preferred Term Term UI T558266. Date11/14/2003. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (2005). ... Clostridium [B03.300.390.400.200] * Clostridium acetobutylicum [B03.300.390.400.200.025] * Clostridium beijerinckii [B03.300. ... Clostridium [B03.353.625.375.500] * Clostridium acetobutylicum [B03.353.625.375.500.025] * Clostridium beijerinckii [B03.353. ... Clostridium [B03.510.415.400.200] * Clostridium acetobutylicum [B03.510.415.400.200.025] * Clostridium beijerinckii [B03.510. ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Preferred Term Term UI T558266. Date11/14/2003. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (2005). ... Clostridium [B03.300.390.400.200] * Clostridium acetobutylicum [B03.300.390.400.200.025] * Clostridium beijerinckii [B03.300. ... Clostridium [B03.353.625.375.500] * Clostridium acetobutylicum [B03.353.625.375.500.025] * Clostridium beijerinckii [B03.353. ... Clostridium [B03.510.415.400.200] * Clostridium acetobutylicum [B03.510.415.400.200.025] * Clostridium beijerinckii [B03.510. ...
Clostridium cellulovorans (organism). Code System Preferred Concept Name. Clostridium cellulovorans (organism). Concept Status ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans B3.353.625.500.205 Clostridium chauvoei B3.353.625.500.215 Clostridium difficile B3.353.625.500.250 ... Clostridium B3.353.625.500 Clostridium acetobutylicum B3.353.625.500.25 Clostridium beijerinckii B3.353.625.500.100 Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type A B3.353.625.500.160.50 Clostridium botulinum type B B3.353.625.500.160.100 Clostridium botulinum ... Clostridium botulinum type E B3.353.625.500.160.250 Clostridium botulinum type F B3.353.625.500.160.300 Clostridium botulinum ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium botulinum type G Clostridium butyricum Clostridium cellulolyticum Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium septicum Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetani ... Clostridium Clostridium acetobutylicum Clostridium beijerinckii Clostridium bifermentans Clostridium botulinum Clostridium ... Clostridium difficile Clostridium histolyticum Clostridium Infections Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium perfringens ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium cellulovorans Clostridium chauvoei Clostridium chauvoei ... Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium kluyveri Clostridium sordellii Clostridium sordellii Clostridium ... Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tertium Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium tetanomorphum Clostridium ... Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium sticklandii Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium symbiosum Clostridium ...
... nfyb nfya prenol oxodec nfxb lateriflora guaymi esophagoesophagostomy malassez nfx1 allentown oscillochloridaceae clostridia ... gckr gcm3 gcm2 gcm1 monoglutamate preloaded junceella phenylchromen robbing tetrathiobacter glucoraphanin cellulovorans revival ... nanoarray xeroform nontreatment cellularization oxoazetidine phosphors phosphoro dihydrocucurbitacin chinstrap clostridium ...
  • QM/MM investigation of the catalytic mechanism of processive endoglucanase Cel9G from Clostridium cellulovorans . (bvsalud.org)