A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae that ferments both CARBOHYDRATES and AMINO ACIDS.
A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of urea and water to carbon dioxide and ammonia. EC 3.5.1.5.
A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.
A species of anaerobic, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae that produces proteins with characteristic neurotoxicity. It is the etiologic agent of BOTULISM in humans, wild fowl, HORSES; and CATTLE. Seven subtypes (sometimes called antigenic types, or strains) exist, each producing a different botulinum toxin (BOTULINUM TOXINS). The organism and its spores are widely distributed in nature.
The chemical reactions that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism. These processes include both the biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) and the breakdown (CATABOLISM) of organic materials utilized by the living organism.
Antisera from immunized animals that is purified and used as a passive immunizing agent against specific BACTERIAL TOXINS.
Specific, characterizable, poisonous chemicals, often PROTEINS, with specific biological properties, including immunogenicity, produced by microbes, higher plants (PLANTS, TOXIC), or ANIMALS.
The most common etiologic agent of GAS GANGRENE. It is differentiable into several distinct types based on the distribution of twelve different toxins.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.
An acute inflammation of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA that is characterized by the presence of pseudomembranes or plaques in the SMALL INTESTINE (pseudomembranous enteritis) and the LARGE INTESTINE (pseudomembranous colitis). It is commonly associated with antibiotic therapy and CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE colonization.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, used for the industrial production of SOLVENTS.
A hexose or fermentable monosaccharide and isomer of glucose from manna, the ash Fraxinus ornus and related plants. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A species of gram-positive, thermophilic, cellulolytic bacteria in the family Clostridaceae. It degrades and ferments CELLOBIOSE and CELLULOSE to ETHANOL in the CELLULOSOME.
The cause of TETANUS in humans and domestic animals. It is a common inhabitant of human and horse intestines as well as soil. Two components make up its potent exotoxin activity, a neurotoxin and a hemolytic toxin.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Habitat of hot water naturally heated by underlying geologic processes. Surface hot springs have been used for BALNEOLOGY. Underwater hot springs are called HYDROTHERMAL VENTS.
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A set of three nucleotides in a protein coding sequence that specifies individual amino acids or a termination signal (CODON, TERMINATOR). Most codons are universal, but some organisms do not produce the transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER) complementary to all codons. These codons are referred to as unassigned codons (CODONS, NONSENSE).
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying threonine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
The sequential set of three nucleotides in TRANSFER RNA that interacts with its complement in MESSENGER RNA, the CODON, during translation in the ribosome.
A recessively inherited, progressive lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of GLYCOSYLASPARAGINASE activity. The lack of this enzyme activity results in the accumulation of N-acetylglucosaminylasparagine (the linkage unit of asparagine-linked glycoproteins) in LYSOSOMES.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying arginine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
Derivatives of acetic acid with one or more fluorines attached. They are almost odorless, difficult to detect chemically, and very stable. The acid itself, as well as the derivatives that are broken down in the body to the acid, are highly toxic substances, behaving as convulsant poisons with a delayed action. (From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxypropane structure.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.
A species of gram-positive bacteria which may be pathogenic for certain insects. It is used for the biological control of the Gypsy moth.
Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases.
Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae. Infections have a strong association with malignancies and also with GAS GANGRENE.
A variant of acute cholecystitis with inflammation of the GALLBLADDER that is characterized by the pockets of gas in the gallbladder wall. It is due to secondary infection caused by gas-forming organisms, and has a high risk of perforation.
A species of MORGANELLA formerly classified as a Proteus species. It is found in the feces of humans, dogs, other mammals, and reptiles. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)

Source tracking aerosols released from land-applied class B biosolids during high-wind events. (1/2)

DNA-based microbial source tracking (MST) methods were developed and used to specifically and sensitively track the unintended aerosolization of land-applied, anaerobically digested sewage sludge (biosolids) during high-wind events. Culture and phylogenetic analyses of bulk biosolids provided a basis for the development of three different MST methods. They included (i) culture- and 16S rRNA gene-based identification of Clostridium bifermentans, (ii) direct PCR amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene for an uncultured bacterium of the class Chloroflexi that is commonly present in anaerobically digested biosolids, and (iii) direct PCR amplification of a 16S rRNA gene of the phylum Euryarchaeota coupled with terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism to distinguish terminal fragments that are unique to biosolid-specific microorganisms. Each method was first validated with a broad group of bulk biosolids and soil samples to confirm the target's exclusive presence in biosolids and absence in soils. Positive responses were observed in 100% of bulk biosolid samples and in less than 11% of the bulk soils tested. Next, a sampling campaign was conducted in which all three methods were applied to aerosol samples taken upwind and downwind of fields that had recently been land applied with biosolids. When average wind speeds were greater than 5 m/s, source tracking results confirmed the presence of biosolids in 56% of the downwind samples versus 3% of the upwind samples. During these high-wind events, the biosolid concentration in downwind aerosols was between 0.1 and 2 microg/m3. The application of DNA-based source tracking to aerosol samples has confirmed that wind is a possible mechanism for the aerosolization and off-site transport of land-applied biosolids.  (+info)

Resolution of culture Clostridium bifermentans DPH-1 into two populations, a Clostridium sp. and tetrachloroethene-dechlorinating Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain JH1. (2/2)

 (+info)

California Code of Regulations: Title 17. Sections to Readopt: 40100, 40102, 40118, 40135, 40137, 40156, 40159, 40162, 40167, 40182, 40222, 40223, 40254, 40266, 40277, 40292, 40308, 40310, 40400, 40403, 40405, 40406, 40412, 40513, and 40525.. Sections to Readopt with Amendments: 40101, 40115, 40116, 40126, 40128, 40129, 40130, 40131, 40133, 40150, 40155, 40165, 40169, 40175, 40177, 40178, 40180, 40200, 40205, 40220, 40225, 40232, 40234, 40236, 40238, 40240, 40242, 40250, 40252, 40256, 40258, 40260, 40262, 40264, 40268, 40270, 40272, 40275, 40280, 40282, 40290, 40300, 40305, 40306, 40401, 40408, 40410, 40411, 40415, 40500, 40510, 40512, 40515, 40517, 40550, and 40601.. Sections to Repeal: 40299 and 40600.. ...
5.3 SIDING INSTALLATION IN HIGH-WIND REGIONS 5 of 8 W ALL SYSTEMS 5 12/10 Pressure-equalized rain screen wall system In areas that experience frequent wind-driven rain and areas susceptible to high winds it is recom-mended that a rain screen design be considered when specifying wood or fiber cement siding.. Chat Online ...
If you are having difficulty accessing this document please contact the Office of Regulations staff of CDPH at (916) 558-1710 or [email protected] to request this information in an alternate format.. ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Article Biosolids Heat Drying: Safety in Design and Owner Operation. ABSTRACTInterest continues to grow in heat drying as a means of processing biosolids into an aesthetically pleasing product form with multiple use opportunities, while also achievin...
Answers from specialists on doppler monitors good investment. First: Opinions will differ, but with obstetric care, you have open access to your obstetrician, usually for an unlimited number of visits. If you want reassurance of the babys heartbeat, id rather you come in to see me than make yourself nervous with a home monitor. If you do decide to get one, remember that finding the heartbeat, especially early on, is not necessarily easy. Dont go crazy.
Milicom Milicom Sonim Phone and PTT Headset BK (10755) This is Milicoms, smart 2-in-1, In-Ear Mic Headset. This headset is supports Push-To-Talk over Cellular, (POC), usage as well as cellular voice calling. It is the Hands-Free solution to use in high-noise, high-wind environments when clear communications are critical. Single ear, side PTT button, 1-Wire, Sonim Phones Packaged in a poly bag or white box Crystal Clear Critical Communication at All Times • Milicoms unique patented in-ear mic delivers superior voice quality and whisper capability in all weather and noise conditions, including variant noise level situations (i.e. wind and manufacturing floor) • Superior Noise Isolation ensures clear sound and protects hearing Depending on configuration, Milicom offers the broadest PTT service provider compatibility including:• AT&T Enhanced PTT (ePTT) • Bell Mobility PTT service • Sprint Nextel Direct Connect • Twisted Pair WAVE • SLA esChat Greatest mobile phone/device
Get the latest biosolids recycling news on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information resource.
Transcripts of cprA5 were not detected from strain PCP-1 cultured in the absence of CPs, but they were detected in the presence of 2,4,6-TCP or 3,5-DCP (an inducer of the meta- and para-dechlorinating activities) [40]. RT-qPCR revealed that cprA5 expression was strongly upregulated in the presence of 3,5-DCP in strain PCP-1 cultures [50]. For 2,4,6-TCP-amended cultures, the occurrence of 2,4-DCP was associated with the upregulation of cprA5 in strain PCP-1 cultures. Kim et al. [38] also observed this upregulation with the D. hafniense strain DCB-2 for rdhA3 (corresponding to cprA5) by microarrays. Upregulation of cprA5 occurred in cultures containing as little as 0.15 µM 3,5-DCP [50]. No upregulation was observed in PCP-amended cultures after 12 h (figure 4).. Significant upregulation of cprA4 was not observed in strain PCP-1 cultures amended with 2,4,6-TCP or 3,5-DCP. However, in PCP-amended cultures, we noticed a 13-fold increase in cprA4 transcript levels, which was just above the level of ...
Carbon metabolic pathways of D. hafniense DCB-2. The pathways were constructed based on the presence or absence of key metabolic genes in D. hafniense DCB-2. Th
The anaerobic dehalogenating bacteria called Desulfitobacterium hafniense (microbiologists, feel free to correct me) has been discovered in the last decade and is able to feed on, and clean up, a variety of chlorinated compounds, solvents and there is
Biosolids that meet federal and state standards can be used on land to improve soil damaged by improper management. Learn more.. Electronic reporting requirements will modernize reporting for municipalities and other facilities. Learn more.. ...
Dry eye problems are extremely common with increasing age, although they are more common in women than men. About 10-14 million Americans have some form of this problem. With age, tear production and quality may decrease. There are several conditions and medications that can lead to dry eye syndrome or make it worse. These include autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis; diabetes; thyroid disease; some genetic conditions such as Sj gren syndrome and Bells palsy; some ocular surgical procedures including cataract surgery, refractive surgery for vision correction, and glaucoma surgery; ocular allergies and allergies in general; certain oral medications such as diuretics, anti-allergy medications, beta blockers, sleeping pills, pain relievers, and anti-anxiety medications; wearing contact lenses, especially excessive wear, low-water contact lenses, and ill-fitting contact lenses; preservatives in many eye drops, such as thimerosal (mercury); high-wind and low-humidity conditions, not ...
Dry eye problems are extremely common with increasing age, although they are more common in women than men. About 10-14 million Americans have some form of this problem. With age, tear production and quality may decrease. There are several conditions and medications that can lead to dry eye syndrome or make it worse. These include autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis; diabetes; thyroid disease; some genetic conditions such as Sj gren syndrome and Bells palsy; some ocular surgical procedures including cataract surgery, refractive surgery for vision correction, and glaucoma surgery; ocular allergies and allergies in general; certain oral medications such as diuretics, anti-allergy medications, beta blockers, sleeping pills, pain relievers, and anti-anxiety medications; wearing contact lenses, especially excessive wear, low-water contact lenses, and ill-fitting contact lenses; preservatives in many eye drops, such as thimerosal (mercury); high-wind and low-humidity conditions, not ...
Dry eye problems are extremely common with increasing age, although they are more common in women than men. About 10-14 million Americans have some form of this problem. With age, tear production and quality may decrease. There are several conditions and medications that can lead to dry eye syndrome or make it worse. These include autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis; diabetes; thyroid disease; some genetic conditions such as Sj gren syndrome and Bells palsy; some ocular surgical procedures including cataract surgery, refractive surgery for vision correction, and glaucoma surgery; ocular allergies and allergies in general; certain oral medications such as diuretics, anti-allergy medications, beta blockers, sleeping pills, pain relievers, and anti-anxiety medications; wearing contact lenses, especially excessive wear, low-water contact lenses, and ill-fitting contact lenses; preservatives in many eye drops, such as thimerosal (mercury); high-wind and low-humidity conditions, not ...
Dry eye problems are extremely common with increasing age, although they are more common in women than men. About 10-14 million Americans have some form of this problem. With age, tear production and quality may decrease. There are several conditions and medications that can lead to dry eye syndrome or make it worse. These include autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis; diabetes; thyroid disease; some genetic conditions such as Sj gren syndrome and Bells palsy; some ocular surgical procedures including cataract surgery, refractive surgery for vision correction, and glaucoma surgery; ocular allergies and allergies in general; certain oral medications such as diuretics, anti-allergy medications, beta blockers, sleeping pills, pain relievers, and anti-anxiety medications; wearing contact lenses, especially excessive wear, low-water contact lenses, and ill-fitting contact lenses; preservatives in many eye drops, such as thimerosal (mercury); high-wind and low-humidity conditions, not ...
Dry eye problems are extremely common with increasing age, although they are more common in women than men. About 10-14 million Americans have some form of this problem. With age, tear production and quality may decrease. There are several conditions and medications that can lead to dry eye syndrome or make it worse. These include autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis; diabetes; thyroid disease; some genetic conditions such as Sj gren syndrome and Bells palsy; some ocular surgical procedures including cataract surgery, refractive surgery for vision correction, and glaucoma surgery; ocular allergies and allergies in general; certain oral medications such as diuretics, anti-allergy medications, beta blockers, sleeping pills, pain relievers, and anti-anxiety medications; wearing contact lenses, especially excessive wear, low-water contact lenses, and ill-fitting contact lenses; preservatives in many eye drops, such as thimerosal (mercury); high-wind and low-humidity conditions, not ...
Class A Biosolids is a designation for dewatered and heated sewage sludge that meets U.S. EPA guidelines for land application with no restrictions. Thus, class A biosolids can be legally used as fertilizer on farms, vegetable gardens, and can be sold to home gardeners as compost or fertilizer. Compared to Class B Biosolids, Class A Biosolids are virtually the same, but with stricter limits on pathogens and vector attraction (i.e. class A biosolids must not attract disease-carrying insects or rodents, etc). The EPA claims that Class A biosolids must contain no detectible levels of pathogens[1] but the only pathogens actually measured and regulated in the law are fecal coliform and salmonella.[2] Despite the U.S. EPAs assurances of safety,[3], the safety requirements for Class A Biosolids do nothing to regulate or limit the numerous other contaminants routinely found in sewage sludge.. ...
Waters environmental laboratory solutions, consisting of instrumentation, standards and sample preparation products are used for biosolid analysis in laboratories throughout the world.
The first crystal structure of the vitamin B12-binding protein from a three-component O-demethylase enzyme system is reported. During O-demethylation methyl groups are transferred from phenyl methyl ethers to tetrahydrofolate via methyl-B12 intermediates. This study describes the identification and the structural and spectroscopic analysis of a cobalamin-binding protein (termed CobDH) implicated in O-demethylation by the organohalide-respiring bacterium Desulfitobacterium hafniense DCB-2. The 1.5 Å resolution crystal structure of CobDH is presented in the cobalamin-bound state and reveals that the protein is composed of an N-terminal helix-bundle domain and a C-terminal Rossmann-fold domain, with the cobalamin coordinated in the base-off/His-on conformation similar to other cobalamin-binding domains that catalyse methyl-transfer reactions. EPR spectroscopy of CobDH confirms cobalamin binding and reveals the presence of a cob(III)alamin superoxide, indicating binding of oxygen to the fully ...
Sulfur is an essential element for life and the metabolism of organic sulfur compounds plays an important role in the global sulfur cycle. Sulfur occurs in various oxidation states ranging from +6 in sulfate to -2 in sulfide (H2S). Sulfate reduction can occur in both an energy consuming assimilatory pathway and an energy producing dissimilatory pathway. The assimilatory pathway, which is found in a wide range of organisms, produces reduced sulfur compounds for the biosynthesis of S-containing amino acids and does not lead to direct excretion of sulfide. In the dissimilatory pathway, which is restricted to obligatory anaerobic bacterial and archaeal lineages, sulfate (or sulfur) is the terminal electron acceptor of the respiratory chain producing large quantities of inorganic sulfide. Both pathways start from the activation of sulfate by reaction with ATP to form adenylyl sulfate (APS). In the assimilatory pathway [MD:M00176] APS is converted to 3-phosphoadenylyl sulfate (PAPS) and then reduced ...
Homologous recombination (HR) is essential for the accurate repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), potentially lethal lesions. HR takes place in the late S-G2 phase of the cell cycle and involves the generation of a single-stranded region of DNA, followed by strand invasion, formation of a Holliday junction, DNA synthesis using the intact strand as a template, branch migration and resolution. It is investigated that RecA/Rad51 family proteins play a central role. The breast cancer susceptibility protein Brca2 and the RecQ helicase BLM (Bloom syndrome mutated) are tumor suppressors that maintain genome integrity, at least in part, through HR ...
The genes encoding alpha-toxin (Clostridium perfringens), Bacillus cereus PLC (BC-PLC), and PLCs from Clostridium bifermentans ... Zinc-metallophospholipases C: Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin, Bacillus cereus PLC (BC-PLC) Sphingomyelinases: B. cereus, ... Fujii Y, Sakurai J (May 1989). "Contraction of the rat isolated aorta caused by Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin ( ... Sakurai J, Nagahama M, Oda M (November 2004). "Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin: characterization and mode of action". ...
... studies have shown the protein to be similar both to alpha toxin from Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium bifermentans, a ... These residues are all conserved in the Clostridium alpha-toxin. Some examples of this enzyme contain a C-terminal sequence ... Titball RW, Rubidge T (1990). "The role of histidine residues in the alpha toxin of Clostridium perfringens". FEMS Microbiol. ... of Clostridium perfringens". Infect. Immun. 57 (2): 367-376. doi:10.1128/IAI.57.2.367-376.1989. PMC 313106. PMID 2536355. Kocks ...
Clostridium bifermentans MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.160 - Clostridium botulinum MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.160.050 - Clostridium ... Clostridium bifermentans MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.160 - Clostridium botulinum MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.160.050 - Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type G MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.180 - Clostridium butyricum MeSH B03.300.390.400.200.200 - Clostridium ... Clostridium botulinum type G MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.180 - Clostridium butyricum MeSH B03.510.415.400.200.200 - Clostridium ...
... baratii Clostridium bartlettii Clostridium beijerinckii Clostridium bifermentans Clostridium bolteae Clostridium ... Clostridium aceticum Clostridium acetireducens Clostridium acetobutylicum Clostridium acidisoli Clostridium aciditolerans ... Clostridium acidurici Clostridium aerotolerans Clostridium aestuarii Clostridium akagii Clostridium aldenense Clostridium ... difficile Clostridium diolis Clostridium disporicum Clostridium drakei Clostridium durum Clostridium estertheticum Clostridium ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Clostridium bifermentans" at the Encyclopedia of Life Clostridium bifermentans at ... Clostridium bifermentans (CLOBI) is an anaerobic, motile, gram-positive bacterium. A certain subspecies, Clostridium ... "Clostridium bifermentans: (Weinberg and Séguin 1918) Bergey et al. 1923". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI ... "Clostridium bifermentans". Retrieved 2011-01-25. Qureshi, Nadia; Chawla, Swati; Likitvivatanavonga, Supaporn; Ham, Lim Lee; ...
There is significant homology with phospholipase C enzymes from Bacillus cereus, C. bifermentans, and Listeria monocytogenes. ... Unknown parameter RefSeq Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin is a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium perfringens (C. ... Clostridium perfringens beta toxin Awad, M.M.; Bryant, A.E.; Stevens, D.L. & Rood, J.I. (1995). "Virulence studies on ... Sakurai J, Nagahama M, Oda M (2004). "Clostridium perfringens Alpha-Toxin: Characterization and Mode of Action". J Biochem. 136 ...
convert tryptophan to indole-3-aldehyde (I3A) through unidentified enzymes [125]. Clostridium sporogenes convert tryptophan to ... Clostridium sporogenes metabolizes tryptophan into indole and subsequently 3-indolepropionic acid (IPA),[13] a highly potent ... completely dependent on the presence of gut microflora and could be established by colonization with the bacterium Clostridium ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Clostridium bifermentans" at the Encyclopedia of Life Clostridium bifermentans at ... Clostridium bifermentans (CLOBI) is an anaerobic, motile, gram-positive bacterium. A certain subspecies, Clostridium ... "Clostridium bifermentans: (Weinberg and Séguin 1918) Bergey et al. 1923". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI ... "Clostridium bifermentans". Retrieved 2011-01-25. Qureshi, Nadia; Chawla, Swati; Likitvivatanavonga, Supaporn; Ham, Lim Lee; ...
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1947) The lecithinase of Clostridium bifermentans and its relation to the α-toxin of Clostridium welchii. J Gen Microbiol 1:385 ... 1989) Cloning and expression of the phospholipase C gene from Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium bifermentans. Infect. ... Domains of Clostridium perfringens andClostridium bifermentans Phospholipases C Influence the Hemolytic and Lethal Properties ... Domains of Clostridium perfringens andClostridium bifermentans Phospholipases C Influence the Hemolytic and Lethal Properties ...
Mar-Apr;26(2) Empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans: A case report. Edagiz S(1), Lagace-Wiens P(2), Embil . ... CLOSTRIDIUM BIFERMENTANS PDF - Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. ... Empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans: A case report.. C ... Taxonomy of Clostridium bifermentans and Clostridium sordellii Bifermentqns. Liver abscess caused by Clostridium bifermentans ... Empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans: A case report. Edagiz S(1), Lagace-Wiens P(2), Embil . Clostridium bifermentans ...
Yolton, D., Pope, L., Williams, M. & Rode, L. (1968). Electron microscope characterization of Clostridium bifermentans. J ... Pope, L., Yolton, D. & Rode, L. (1967). Appendages of Clostridium bifermentans spores. J Bacteriol 94, 1206-1215. ... Rejection of Clostridium putrificum and conservation of Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium sporogenes. Int J Syst Bacteriol ... Panessa-Warren, B., Tortora, G. & Warren, J. (1997). Exosporial membrane plasticity of Clostridium sporogenes and Clostridium ...
A case of Clostridium bifermentans endocarditis occurred in a 23-year-old man who was an intravenous drug user. There was no ... A case of Clostridium bifermentans endocarditis occurred in a 23-year-old man who was an intravenous drug user. There was no ... Kolander SA, Cosgrove EM, Molavi A. Clostridial Endocarditis: Report of a Case Caused by Clostridium bifermentans and Review of ... Clostridial Endocarditis: Report of a Case Caused by Clostridium bifermentans and Review of the Literature. ...
Absence of plasmid in mosquitocidal Clostridium bifermentans serovar malaysia. Absence of plasmid in mosquitocidal Clostridium ... Animals , Clostridium/classification , Culicidae , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Pest Control, ... Clostridium / Electrophoresis, Agar Gel / Animals / Culicidae Language: English Journal: Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public ... Clostridium / Electrophoresis, Agar Gel / Animals / Culicidae Language: English Journal: Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public ...
Clostridium bifermentans, Clostridium lituseburense (Ghelani et al., 2015), Opitutus terrae, Rhodococcus erythropolis, and ...
FACTORS NECESSARY FOR MAXIMUM GROWTH OF CLOSTRIDIUM BIFERMENTANS Louis DeSpain Smith, Howard C. Douglas ... BIOTIN AND ARGININE REPLACEMENTS IN THE NUTRITION OF CLOSTRIDIUM SPOROGENES Richard W. Thoma, W. H. Peterson ...
What is Clostridium kluyveri? Meaning of Clostridium kluyveri medical term. What does Clostridium kluyveri mean? ... Looking for online definition of Clostridium kluyveri in the Medical Dictionary? Clostridium kluyveri explanation free. ... a genus of spore-forming anaerobic bacteria of the Bacillaceae family: Clostridium novyi, C. septicum, and C. bifermentans are ... clostri´dia an individual of the genus Clostridium. clostrid´ial. clostridium. (klŏ-strĭd′ē-əm). n. pl. clostrid·ia (-ē-ə) Any ...
What is Clostridium parabotulinum? Meaning of Clostridium parabotulinum medical term. What does Clostridium parabotulinum mean? ... Looking for online definition of Clostridium parabotulinum in the Medical Dictionary? Clostridium parabotulinum explanation ... Clostridium bifermentans, Clostridium sordelli. see malignant edema.. Clostridium botulinum. causes botulism from neurotoxin ... Related to Clostridium parabotulinum: clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Clostridium tetani. Clos·trid·i·um par·a· ...
... bifermentans strain WYM , Clostridium sp. strain Ade.TY with yield of 4.68 ± 0.12, 3.29 ± 0.11, 2.87 ± 0.10 mol H2/ mol glucose ... bifermentans strain WYM (AVSU00000000) and Clostridium sp. strain Ade.TY (AVSV00000000). Based on multiple genome alignment, ... Open access and full embargo 1959.1/1146109 thesis(doctorate) Clostridium Landfill leachate sludge Biohydrogen Thermodynamics ... Sludge pretreated at 65 ºC was revealed to contain 98% of H2-producing bacteria which mainly belong to the genera Clostridium, ...
Clostridium bifermentans [gbbct]: 5 CDSs (2344 codons) fields: [triplet] [frequency: per thousand] ([number]) UUU 29.9( 70) ...
Clostridium bifermentans bacteremia with metastatic osteomyelitis. J. Clin. Microbiol.32:2867-2868. ... Clostridium cluster XIVa; 7, Clostridium cluster IV; 8, Clostridium cluster I; 9, Enterobacteriaceae; 10, total bacteria; 11, ... and Clostridium cluster I discriminated best for CEL and HG, whereas those for Clostridium cluster IV and Streptococcus spp. ... as a Clostridium bifermentans-like phylotype that represents a potential pathogenic bacterium belonging to Clostridium cluster ...
Paraclostridium bifermentans exacerbates pathosis in a mouse model of ulcerative colitis Something unique in a way and may be ... https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5962066/ Basically a reclassified strain of Clostridium... ...
The Cry toxin operon of Clostridium bifermentans subsp. malaysia is highly toxic to Aedes larval mosquitoes. Appl Environ ... which are expressed with two additional proteins named Cbm17.1 and Cbm17.2 in Clostridium bifermentans (22). It was shown that ... Molecular basis of toxicity of Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin. FEBS J 278:4589-4601. doi:10.1111/j.1742-4658.2011.08140. ...
There is significant homology with phospholipase C enzymes from Bacillus cereus, C. bifermentans, and Listeria monocytogenes. ... Unknown parameter RefSeq Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin is a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium perfringens (C. ... Clostridium perfringens beta toxin Awad, M.M.; Bryant, A.E.; Stevens, D.L. & Rood, J.I. (1995). "Virulence studies on ... Sakurai J, Nagahama M, Oda M (2004). "Clostridium perfringens Alpha-Toxin: Characterization and Mode of Action". J Biochem. 136 ...
Other Clostridium species that can cause gas gangrene include Clostridium bifermentans, Clostridium septicum, Clostridium ... Clostridium Perfringens Gas Gangrene and More. Gas gangrene is typically caused by the Clostridium bacteria. These are normal ... The fatal agent was found to be Clostridium novyi type A.. Reference. Hoi Ho et al. Gas Gangrene. eMedicine Clinical Reference ... sporogenes, and Clostridium tertium.. Other bacteria that can also cause the severe infection include Group A Streptococcus and ...
The isolate was identified as a new species belonging to fusobacterium, temporarily named Clostridium bifermentans H1. Analysis ... 23S rDNA intergenic spacer sequences suggests that this isolate was closely related to the Clostridium. Fatty acids were ...
Other species include C novyi, C histolyticum, C bifermentans, C tertium, and C fallax.2,15 They are found naturally occurring ... Clostridium Species: These species are anaerobic, gram-positive rods that can form endospores.2,15 Over 150 species of ... Clostridium species release alpha-toxin, a virulent protein that results in extensive necrosis of the tissue and cardiovascular ... It is useful in the suppression of endotoxin and superantigen production by S aureus, hemolytic streptococci, and clostridia, ...
1989) Purification and amino acid sequence of two small, acid-soluble spore proteins from Clostridium bifermentans spores. FEMS ... The α/β-type SASP of Bacillus and Clostridiumspecies are a family of highly abundant, nonspecific DNA binding proteins, which ... Spores of various Bacillus and Clostridiumspecies can survive for long periods in air and are very resistant to oxidizing ... agents (e.g., H2O2) compared to their corresponding growing cells (22, 27, 32). Since spores ofBacillus and Clostridium species ...
The most common species of Clostridium associated with silage include C. bifermentans, C. sporogenes, C. butyricum, and C. ... 9. Clostridia. The genus Clostridium is present in silage as contaminants that cause anaerobic spoilage as well as negative ... Among these species, C. tyrobutyricum is the most studied Clostridia in silage as a result of acid tolerant properties to the ... A. Jonsson, "Growth of Clostridium tyrobutyricum during fermentation and aerobic deterioration of grass silage," Journal of the ...
Ultrastructural Changes During Sporulation of Clostridium bifermentans K. Johnstone and K. T. Holland ...
7α-dehydroxylation of cholic acid by Clostridium bifermentans atrain ATCC 9714 and Clostridium sordellii strain NCIMB 6929 ... Design of Species-Specific Primers to Identify 13 Species of Clostridium Harbored in Human Intestinal Tracts * * Kikuchi Eisaku ... Use of the polymerase chain reaction for the specific and direct detection of Clostridium difficile in human feces GUMERLOCK PH ... The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium : proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations COLLINS M. D. ...
Four other isocaproic-positive samples yielded C bifermentans and C sordellii; all were toxin-negative. These results indicate ... Use of gas-liquid chromatography as a screening test for toxigenic Clostridium difficile in diarrhoeal stools. ... Use of gas-liquid chromatography as a screening test for toxigenic Clostridium difficile in diarrhoeal stools. ... and on egg yolk agar plus kanamycin for isolation of other clostridium species. Of the 154 samples, 129 were GLC-negative ( ...
Clostridium bifermentansc as an Aero-Tolerant Exponent of Strictly Anaerobe Genera, Advances in Microbiology, Vol.4 No.4, 2014 ... A Preliminary Molecular Typing by PCR Assays of Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile Isolates from Dogs, Advances ... Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) Fermentation by Clostridium thermocellum and Clostridium beijerinckii Sequential Culture: Effect ... Differing Roles for Clostridium acetobutylicums Galactose Utilization Pathways, Advances in Microbiology, Vol.3 No.6, 2013 ...
These include C. novyi, C. septicum, C. histolyticum, C. bifermentans, and C. sordellii. Clinically, it is very difficult to ... Clostridia are spore-forming anaerobes that are very environmentally hardy. For the most part, clostridia are soil organisms, ... caused by clostridia, mortality is high (above 40% with C. perfringens, and higher with many other clostridia). Women with ... For many clostridia, the term "alpha toxin" is used to describe their most potent or lethal toxin. This can be a cause for ...
These include C. novyi,C. septicum, C. histolyticum, C. bifermentans, and C. sordellii. Clinically, it is very difficult to ... Clostridia are spore-forming anaerobes that are very environmentally hardy. For the most part, clostridia are soil organisms, ... caused by clostridia, mortality is high (above 40% with C. perfringens, and higher with many other clostridia). Women with ... The clostridia implicated in these (presumably) hematogenous infections include C. septicum, C. tertium, C. perfringens, and C ...
There is significant homology with phospholipase C enzymes from Bacillus cereus, C. bifermentans, and Listeria monocytogenes.[3 ... Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin is a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) and is ... Clostridium: tetani (Tetanospasmin) · perfringens (Alpha toxin, Enterotoxin) · difficile (A, B) · botulinum (Botox). ... Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin (pictured) is responsible for gas gangrene and myonecrosis in infected tissues? ...
  • Clostridiaceae Gram-positive bacteria Bacteria described in Clostridium. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sludge pretreated at 65 ºC was revealed to contain 98% of H2-producing bacteria which mainly belong to the genera Clostridium, Bacillus, Eubacterium and Sporacetigenium. (figshare.com)
  • Three H2-producing bacteria were successfully isolated and identified as Clostridium perfringens strain JJC (AWRZ00000000), C. bifermentans strain WYM (AVSU00000000) and Clostridium sp. (figshare.com)
  • Linear discriminant analysis of NSP and TRFLP profiles and 16S rRNA gene copy numbers for major bacterial groups revealed that CMC resulted in a distinctive bacterial community in comparison to the other NSP, which was characterized by higher gene copy numbers for total bacteria, Bacteroides-Prevotella-Porphyromonas , Clostridium cluster XIVa, and Enterobacteriaceae and increased prevalences of E. coli virulence factors in feces. (asm.org)
  • However, the number of butyrate-producing bacteria in complex fecal samples has been difficult to estimate by targeting the 16S rRNA gene, because these bacteria do not form a homogeneous phylogenetic group, and both butyrate producers and non-butyrate producers are found within the same phylogenetic clusters belonging to Clostridium clusters I, III, IV, XI, XIVa, XV, and XVI ( 27 ). (asm.org)
  • Continued research at The Great Plains Laboratory has resulted in new information on Clostridia bacteria markers that will soon be available for the urine organic acid test. (greatplainslaboratory.com)
  • High 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid is associated with small intestinal bacteria overgrowth due to its production by the following Clostridia bacteria: C. diificile, C. stricklandii, C. lituseburense, C. subterminale, C. putrefaciens, and C. propionicum. (greatplainslaboratory.com)
  • The elevations of 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid in celiac disease and cystic fibrosis are so prevalent that involvement of these Clostridia bacteria may play a role in these illnesses. (greatplainslaboratory.com)
  • Moderate amounts of phenyllactic acid may be due to gastrointestinal overgrowth of the intestine of the following Clostridia bacteria: C. sordellii, C. stricklandii, C. mangenoti, C. ghoni, and C. bifermentans. (greatplainslaboratory.com)
  • Some microbiologists hypothesize that the bacteria can travel from person to person and from contaminated surfaces to person in a similar manner to other Clostridium species, although there has yet to be a study confirming this to be true for C. sordellii . (kenyon.edu)
  • Clostridium is a genus of gram-positive, spore-forming bacteria belonging to the family Clostridiaceae. (canada.ca)
  • Clostridial Myonecrosis (Gas Gangrene): A rare but extremely fatal disease that results from the infection of muscle tissue by exotoxin producing Clostridium bacteria Footnote 5 . (canada.ca)
  • This toxin is made by Clostridium botulinum, and sometimes Clostridium butyricum and Clostridium baratii bacteria. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bacteria of the Clostridium genus are often described only as a biological threat and a foe of mankind. (infona.pl)
  • The aim of this work was to investigate the ef-fect of raw material (pure and crude glycerol) on the efficiency of the synthesis of 1,3-PD by the bacteria Clostridium butyricum DSP1 and Clostridium. (infona.pl)
  • Bacteria of the genus Clostridium are conventionally defined as obligate anaerobes, i.e., they have an oxygen-independent metabolism and could be killed by exposure to oxygen or form resistant spores that germinate into vegetative cells when the conditions become favorable. (asm.org)
  • Various patents have claimed the use of probiotics for narrow disease conditions including treatment of Clostridium difficile with a combination of Vancomycin and butyric acid bacteria (U.S. Pat. (justia.com)
  • Clostridium species, as a predominant cluster of commensal bacteria in our gut, exert lots of salutary effects on our intestinal homeostasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Species of Clostridium cluster XIVa and IV, as the representatives of the predominant bacteria in gut, account for 10-40% of the total bacteria [ 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The bacteria of genus Clostridium are rod-shaped, gram-positive and spore-forming anaerobes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • At the outset, the bacteria were classified into genus Clostridium based on the morphological and physiological characteristics above. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Several H2-producing fermentative anaerobic bacteria including Clostridium, Klebsiella and Fusobacteria degraded octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) (36 muM) to formaldehyde (HCHO) and nitrous oxide (N2O) with rates ranging from 5 to 190 nmol h-1 g (dry weight) of cells-1. (canada.ca)
  • Most of the uremic toxins in the body are produced from the digestion of protein and fermentation of intestinal bad bacteria such as Clostridium Bifermentans and Bacteroides Thetaiotaomicron. (biogenics16.com)
  • It is an invaluable non-invasive diagnostic tool to objectively evaluate your microbiome health including Clostridium species, pathogenic bacteria, yeast/fungus and parasites. (labtests.eu)
  • The clostridia implicated in these (presumably) hematogenous infections include C. septicum, C. tertium, C. perfringens, and C. novyi. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • [ 1 ] Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium septicum, and Clostridium histolyticum are the principal causes of trauma-associated gas gangrene, and their incidence increases dramatically in times of war, hurricanes, earthquakes, and other mass-casualty conditions. (medscape.com)
  • The type species is Clostridium butyricum . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Spore formers associated with processed cheese include Clostridium butyricum, Clostridium tyrobutyricum, Clostridium sporogenes, and Clostridium botulinum. (bellbajao.org)
  • Clostridium butyricum , the type species of the genus Clostridium , is considered an obligate anaerobe, yet it has been shown to grow in the presence of oxygen. (asm.org)
  • And most previous members of Clostridium were assigned to Clostridium cluster I, represented by C. butyricum . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clostridium sordellii lethal toxin kills mice by inducing a major increase in lungvascular permeability. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Taxonomy of Clostridium bifermentans and Clostridium sordellii Bifermentqns. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Similarly, over the last 15 years, a toxic shock-like syndrome associated with Clostridium sordellii infection has been increasingly recognized in individuals skin-popping black tar heroin and in women undergoing childbirth or other gynecologic procedures, including medically induced abortion. (medscape.com)
  • In 1927 the organism was renamed Bacillus sordellii and two years later it became classified as Clostridium sordellii , as it is almost indistinguishable from Clostridium oedematoides [1] . (kenyon.edu)
  • The method of transmission of Clostridium sordellii is unknown [1] . (kenyon.edu)
  • The mechanism of transmission for Clostridium sordellii between person to person or person to environment is not known [2] . (kenyon.edu)
  • A study published by The American Journal of Pathology investigated the effects of Clostridium sordellii in mice. (kenyon.edu)
  • however, it reveals that toxins produced by C. sordellii are more lethal than in any other Clostridium spp. (kenyon.edu)
  • The populations most susceptible to Clostridium sordellii infections are women nearing the end of pregnancy, whether that concludes in live birth, medical abortion, or miscarriage [2] . (kenyon.edu)
  • We have isolated and identified six strains of Clostridium sp. (springer.com)
  • Clostridium sordelli is a virulent strain of Clostridium bifermentans that causes pneumonia, endocarditis, arthritis, peritonitits, myonecrosis, bacteremia and sepsis in humans in more serious strains of the disease [1][2] . (kenyon.edu)
  • Clostridium sporogenes is closely related to the proteolytic strains of Clostridium botulinum. (bellbajao.org)
  • Clostridium sporogenes is a non-pathogenic close relative and surrogate for Group I (proteolytic) neurotoxin-producing Clostridium botulinum strains. (bellbajao.org)
  • The aim of this project was to prepare a toxoid vaccine from the prevailing pathogenic strains of Type D Clostridium perfringens strains and evaluate its immune responses in rabbits, goats and sheep. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The aim of this work was to isolate from the natural environment non-pathogenic Clostridium strains that are able to convert glycerol to 1,3-propanediol and other metabolites of potential uses in industry. (infona.pl)
  • IMPORTANCE Botulinum neurotoxins, the causative agents of the potentially fatal disease of botulism, are produced by certain Clostridium strains during vegetative growth, usually in anaerobic environments. (asm.org)
  • Oxygen tolerance among clostridia has been attributed to the enzymatic ability of strains to consume oxygen from the medium and to defend themselves against the toxic effects of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) ( 2 , 4 , 16 ). (asm.org)
  • Among these strains, C. bifermentans strain HAW-1 grew and transformed HMX rapidly with the detection of the two key intermediates the mononitroso product and methylenedinitramine. (canada.ca)
  • C bifermentans was first described in bifermentnas the name Bacillus bifermentans sporogenes 4. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • There is significant homology with phospholipase C enzymes from Bacillus cereus, C. bifermentans, and Listeria monocytogenes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spores of various Bacillus and Clostridium species can survive for long periods in air and are very resistant to oxidizing agents (e.g. (asm.org)
  • Since spores of Bacillus and Clostridium species are metabolically and enzymatically dormant, they are unable to deal with proteins containing oxidized methionine residues by either protein turnover or enzymatic reduction until they initiate spore germination ( 26 , 32 ). (asm.org)
  • The α/β-type SASP of Bacillus and Clostridium species are a family of highly abundant, nonspecific DNA binding proteins, which are synthesized only within the developing forespore ( 30 ). (asm.org)
  • Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming, Gram-positive, anaerobic bacillus found ubiquitously in the environment and the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and animals. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • It is found in a monomeric phospholipase C of Bacillus cereus as well as in the alpha toxin of Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium bifermentans, which is involved in haemolysis and cell rupture. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • The absorbance coefficients of the beverage with spores of Bacillus cereus and Clostridium sporogenes are 4.86 cm−1 and 8.078 cm−1 (Table 5). (bellbajao.org)
  • ABSTRACT Conditions Associated with Clostridium sporogenes Growth as a Surrogate for Clostridium botulinum in Non-thermally Processed Canned Butter Reed Taylor Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science Master of Science Shelf-stable canned butter … This category includes acidophiles, thermophiles, osmophiles, Among Clostridium, a majority are Gram-positive rods. (bellbajao.org)
  • Clostridium sporogenes is proteolytic and associated with a foul odour. (bellbajao.org)
  • Clostridium endospores, C. sporogenes spores exhibit a protoplast containing nuclear material and ribosomes, a plasma membrane, cortex, and prominent spore coat (Hoeniger and Headley 1969, Panessa-Warren et al. (bellbajao.org)
  • It is common to use the abbreviation for the Clostridia genus "C" when giving the genus and species designation. (greatplainslaboratory.com)
  • There were no identical organisms between the two libraries, but the common genus was Clostridium. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium , occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The genus Clostridium was classified into 19 clusters. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Cry Toxin Operon of Clostridium bifermentans subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1941 MacFarlane and Knight ( 9 ) reported a breakthrough in the understanding of the biochemical basis of bacterial disease by showing that the alpha-toxin of Clostridium perfringens was a phospholipase C enzyme. (asm.org)
  • Clostridium diffi´cile a species often occurring transiently in the gut of infants, but whose toxin causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis in those receiving prolonged antibiotic therapy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Unknown parameter RefSeq Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin is a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) and is responsible for gas gangrene and myonecrosis in infected tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clostridium perfringens beta toxin Awad, M.M. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to determine if gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) on concentrated stool extracts could be substituted to cell culture assay for cytotoxicity, we prospectively studied 154 diarrhoeal stools submitted for detection of Clostridium difficile toxin. (bmj.com)
  • Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin (pictured) is responsible for gas gangrene and myonecrosis in infected tissues ? (thefullwiki.org)
  • Clostridial gas gangrene is a highly lethal necrotizing soft tissue infection of skeletal muscle caused by toxin- and gas-producing Clostridium species. (medscape.com)
  • Site-directed mutagenesis of histidine residues in Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • Mutagenesis of H-68 or -148 in Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin resulted in complete loss of hemolytic, phospholipase C, sphingomyelinase, and lethal activities of the toxin. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • The lecithinase of Clostridium bifermentans toxin. (carbocation.com)
  • Examination of the effect of Clostridium oedematiens toxin on certain enzyme systems. (carbocation.com)
  • But it should be noted that there is still safety concern about the exotoxin secretion of some Clostridium species, like alpha-toxin and enterotoxin from Clostridium perfringens ( C. perfringens ), toxin A and toxin B from Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile ) [ 10 , 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clostridium bifermentans (CLOBI) is an anaerobic, motile, gram-positive bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flagella - Clostridium perfringens is a Non-flagellated bacterium. (bellbajao.org)
  • The Clostridium difficile is a grampositive, spore-forming bacterium, usually spread by the fecal-oral route. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Binish M.B., Sruthy S., Mahesh Mohan (2015) Effect of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu) on the growth of sulphate reduction associated bacterium Clostridium bifermentans isolated from Cochin estuary, Southwest coast of India. (mgu.ac.in)
  • Clostridium bifermen´tans a species common in feces, sewage, and soil and associated with gas gangrene. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridium no´vyi an important cause of gas gangrene. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • More than 150 Clostridium species have been identified, but only 6 have been demonstrated to be capable of producing the fulminant condition known as clostridial gas gangrene. (medscape.com)
  • Clostridium perfringens, previously known as Clostridium welchii, is the most common cause of clostridial gas gangrene (80-90% of cases). (medscape.com)
  • The primary organism causing gas gangrene is Clostridium perfringens. (news-medical.net)
  • Other organisms that lead to gangrene in these conditions include Group A Streptococci and Staphylococci, C. histolyticum or other Clostridium spp. (news-medical.net)
  • This type of trauma accounts for about 70% of cases of gas gangrene and Clostridium perfringens is found in about 80% of such infections. (news-medical.net)
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5962066/ Basically a reclassified strain of Clostridium. (healingwell.com)
  • C. difficile is taxonomically distinct from many other well-known clostridia, with a diverse population structure comprising hundreds of strain types spread across at least 6 phylogenetic clades. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Clostridium bifermentans is a rare cause of infection in humans. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Review of 13 Prior Cases of Clostridium bifermentans Infection. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Clostridium bifermentans and C. Misra D, Hurst D. In addition, our patient's course was fulminant and rapidly fatal, which is not a characteristic feature in prior cases of C bifermentans infection. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Daniel A, Rapose A. The evaluation of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in a community hospital. (springer.com)
  • Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of antimicrobial and health care-associated diarrhea in humans, presenting a significant burden to global health care systems. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Start probiotics within 1 to 2 days of starting antibiotics in hospitalized patients to reduce the risk of Clostridium difficile infection. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Oragenics announced the publication of a research paper entitled "Mutacin 1140 Lantibiotic Variants Are Efficacious Against Clostridium difficile Infection" in the peer reviewed journal, Frontiers in Microbiology. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Fungal agents such as Sacchromyces boulardii have been used to treat, albeit inefficiently, Clostridium difficile infection and Lactobacillus GG has also been used for this purpose (Floch M. Probiotics and Dietary Fibre. (justia.com)
  • Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Clostridium bifermentans: Repeat chest radiography revealed a loculated right-sided pneumothorax with a small amount of fluid remaining in the empyema cavity. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • A case of Clostridium bifermentans endocarditis occurred in a 23-year-old man who was an intravenous drug user. (jamanetwork.com)
  • 14) reported one case of Clostridium bifermentans endocarditis, and reviewed 16 other cases of clostridial endocarditis. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • Bano L, Drigo I, Tonon E, Agnoletti F, Giovanardi D, Morandini E. Rice hulls as a possible source of Clostridium botulinum type C spores for poultry. (springer.com)
  • Clostridium bifermentans bacteremia resulting in metastatic osteomyelitis involving the sacrum, spine, and ribs. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • Bacteremic episodes caused by anaerobes are unusual and the clinical importance of Clostridium bacteremia remains unclear. (ejmii.com)
  • This retrospective case study examined the risk factors among a group of patients who developed Clostridium bacteremia. (ejmii.com)
  • Appropriate antimicrobial therapy for monomicrobial Clostridium bacteremia did not significantly affect clinical outcomes, which might suggest that Clostridium species in the bloodstream can be regarded as merely contaminants or transient bacteremia. (ejmii.com)
  • This suggestion was not supported by the finding that seven of 13 cirrhotic patients with monomicrobial Clostridium bacteremia died of sepsis, of whom six had not receive appropriate antimicrobial therapy. (ejmii.com)
  • Therefore, the clinical importance of Clostridium bacteremia should be interpreted with caution because of its high risk of mortality in susceptible hosts, particularly cirrhotic patients, who do not receive appropriate therapy timely. (ejmii.com)
  • Clostridium botuli´num the causative agent of botulism, divided into six types (A through F) which elaborate immunologically distinct toxins. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridium perfringens is classified into five types (A-E) based on the capacity to produce one or more of the four major toxins (alpha, beta, epsilon, and iota). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridium histoly´ticum a species found in feces and soil. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridium ter´tium a species found in feces, sewage, and soil and present in some gangrenous infections. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the intestine of human and animals, Clostridium species, as one of the richest bacterial cluster, are mainly composed of Clostridium cluster IV and XIVa (Fig. 1 ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furthermore, chronic gut infections with recognised, specific pathogens such as Clostridium difficile, Yersinia enterocolitica or Campylobacter jejuni/coli are generally not eradicated with antibiotics. (justia.com)
  • For the most part, clostridia are soil organisms, but they also colonize or contaminate the enteric tracts of animals and humans. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Among them, Clostridium sticklandii is one of the potential organisms to be exploited as a microbial cell factory for biofuel production. (cyberleninka.org)
  • Clostridium sporo´genes a species widespread in nature, reportedly associated with pathogenic anaerobes in gangrenous infections. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridia are spore-forming anaerobes that are very environmentally hardy. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Based on multiple genome alignment, Clostridium sp. (figshare.com)
  • Genome-scale modeling and simulations have been guided for metabolic engineering of Clostridium species for the production of organic solvents and organic acids. (cyberleninka.org)
  • Enzyme immunoassay for the detection of Clostridium difficile GDH in stool specimens 611096EU In vitro diagnostic medical device INTENDED USE Premier C. difficile GDH is a qualitative enzyme immunoassay for the detection of Clostridium difficile GDH (common antigen) in stool from patients with antibiotic associated diarrhea. (diazilla.com)
  • Clostridium sordelli is a gram positive, spore-forming, anaerobic rod [1] . (kenyon.edu)
  • This study demonstrates for the first time that a botulinum neurotoxin-producing Clostridium can withstand oxygen during vegetative growth. (asm.org)
  • Attempts to explain this difference focused on the lower phospholipase C and hemolytic activities of the C. bifermentans enzyme, and MacFarlane ( 10 ) proposed that the toxicity of the C. perfringens and C. bifermentans enzymes correlated with hemolytic activity rather than with phospholipase C activity. (asm.org)
  • Isocaproic-positive samples were cultured on egg yolk agar supplemented with cycloserine, cefoxitin and fructose for isolation of C difficile, and on egg yolk agar plus kanamycin for isolation of other clostridium species. (bmj.com)
  • Isolation and identification of Clostridium spp. (infona.pl)
  • Because antimicrobial susceptibilities are relatively similar among these clostridia, this should not influence empiric antibiotic choices. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Clostridium difficile is a frequent cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) and is responsible for virtually all cases of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) ( 5 , 48 ). (asm.org)
  • Clostridium te´tani a common inhabitant of soil and human and horse intestines, and the cause of tetanus in humans and domestic animals. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It was reported that species of Clostridium clusters XIVa and IV were essential for normalization of germfree mice [ 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clostridium kluy´veri a species used in the study of both microbial synthesis and microbial oxidation of fatty acids. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridia are gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacilli commonly found throughout nature (with the exception of the North African desert). (medscape.com)
  • Clostridium ramo´sum a species found in human and animal infections and feces and commonly isolated from clinical specimens. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clostridium species are part of the normal flora of the intestinal tract of humans and other animals, and may also be isolated from the female genital tract and the oral mucosa 2. (berkeleyliberationradio.info)
  • So this review summarized the reports about both the benefits and underlying risks from Clostridium species on intestinal immune regulation and disease prevention to elucidate the potentials and challenges of their novel roles as probiotic. (biomedcentral.com)