Open Reading Frames
HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of man and animals, animal and plant products, infections of soft tissue, and soil. Some species may be pathogenic. No endospores are produced. The genus Eubacterium should not be confused with EUBACTERIA, one of the three domains of life.
Amino Acid Sequence
Encyclopedias as Topic
Terminology as Topic
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute
Consumer Health Information
Portraits as Topic
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
New device and method for capture, reverse transcription and nested PCR in a single closed-tube. (1/117)A device and improved method based on the use of a compartmentalized Eppendorf tube that allows capture, reverse transcription and nested-PCR in a single closed-tube has been developed and patented. The main advantages of the system are the high sensitivity obtained, the simplicity, the low risk of contamination and the easy establishment of adequate conditions for nested-PCR. The method has been successfully applied to the detection and characterization of citrus tristeza closterovirus and plum pox potyvirus isolates in plant tissues and single aphids squashed on paper. This device and methodology could be easily adapted to the detection of other targets. (+info)
The haplotype distribution of two genes of citrus tristeza virus is altered after host change or aphid transmission. (2/117)Genetic variability of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) was studied using the haplotypes detected by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of genes p18 and p20 in six virus populations of two origins. The Spanish group included a CTV isolate and subisolates obtained by graft-transmission to different host species. The other included two subisolates aphid-transmitted from a single Japanese isolate. The homozygosity observed for gene p20 was always significantly higher than that expected under neutral evolution, whereas only three populations showed high homozygosity for p18, suggesting stronger host constraints for p20 than for p18. Sequential transmissions of a Spanish isolate to new host species increased the difference between its population and that of the successive subisolates for gene p18, as estimated by the F statistic. Analysis of molecular variance indicated that variation between both groups of populations was not statistically significant, whereas variations between populations of the same group or within populations were significant for both genes studied. Our data indicate that selection affects the haplotype distribution and that adaptation to a new host can be as important or more as the geographical origin. Variation of the CTV populations after host change or aphid transmission may explain in part the wide biological variability observed among CTV isolates. (+info)
The complete genome sequence of the major component of a mild citrus tristeza virus isolate. (3/117)The genome of the Spanish mild isolate T385 of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) was completely sequenced and compared with the genomes of the severe isolates T36 (Florida), VT (Israel) and SY568 (California). The genome of T385 was 19,259 nt in length, 37 nt shorter than the genome of T36, and 33 and 10 nt longer than those of VT and SY568, respectively, but their organization was identical. T385 had mean nucleotide identities of 81.3, 89.3 and 94% with T36, VT and SY568, respectively. The 3' UTR had over 97% identity in all isolates, whereas the 5' UTR of T385 had 67% identity with VT, 66.3% with SY568 and only 42.5% with T36. In the coding regions, the nucleotide differences between T385 and VT were evenly distributed along the genome (around 90% identity); this was not observed between T385 and the other isolates. T385 and T36 had nucleotide identities around 90% in the eight 3'-terminal ORFs of the genome, but only 72.3% in ORF 1a, a divergence pattern similar to that reported previously for T36 and VT. T385 and SY568 had nucleotide identities close to 90% in the 5'- and 3'-terminal regions of the genome, whereas the central region had over 99% identity. Our data suggest that the central region in the SY568 genome results from RNA recombination between two CTV genomes, one of which was almost identical to T385. (+info)
New defective RNAs from citrus tristeza virus: evidence for a replicase-driven template switching mechanism in their generation. (4/117)Defective RNAs (D-RNAs) ranging in size from 1968 to 2759 nt were detected in four citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates by hybridization of electroblotted dsRNAs with two probes specific for the 5'- and 3'-terminal genomic regions. The RNAs that hybridized with both probes were eluted, cloned and sequenced. Comparison with the sequences of the corresponding genomic regions of the helper virus showed, in all cases, over 99% nucleotide identity and direct repeats of 4-5 nt flanking or in the vicinity of the junction sites. The presence of the repeats from two separate genome locations suggests a replicase-driven template switching mechanism for the generation of these CTV D-RNAs. Two of the CTV isolates that differed greatly in their pathogenicity contained an identical D-RNA, suggesting that it is unlikely that this D-RNA is involved in symptom modulation, which may be caused by another factor. (+info)
Lettuce infectious yellows virus: in vitro acquisition analysis using partially purified virions and the whitefly Bemisia tabaci. (5/117)Virions of lettuce infectious yellows virus (LIYV; genus Crinivirus) were purified from LIYV-infected plants and their protein composition was analysed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. Virion preparations contained the major capsid protein (CP), but the minor capsid protein (CPm), p59 and the HSP70 homologue were also identified by immunoblot analysis. Immunogold labelling analysis showed that CP constituted the majority of the LIYV virion capsid, but CPm was also part of the capsid and localized to one end of the virion, similar to the polar morphology seen for viruses in the genus Closterovirus. p59 and the HSP70 homologue were not detected on virions by immunogold labelling, but were always detected in virion preparations by immunoblot analysis. Purified LIYV virions were used for in vitro acquisition analysis with Bemisia tabaci whiteflies and were efficiently transmitted to plants. Infectivity neutralization analyses were done using antisera to the LIYV-encoded CP, CPm, p59 and HSP70 homologue. Only antiserum to the CPm effectively neutralized LIYV transmission by B. tabaci. These data suggest that the LIYV-B. tabaci transmission determinants are associated with purified virions, and that the LIYV virion structural protein CPm is involved in transmission by B. tobaci. (+info)
An engineered closterovirus RNA replicon and analysis of heterologous terminal sequences for replication. (6/117)Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) populations in citrus trees are unusually complex mixtures of viral genotypes and defective RNAs developed during the long-term vegetative propagation of the virus and by additional mixing by aphid transmission. The viral replication process allows the maintenance of minor amounts of disparate genotypes and defective RNAs in these populations. CTV is a member of the Closteroviridae possessing a positive-stranded RNA genome of approximately 20 kilobases that expresses the replicase-associated genes as an approximately 400-kDa polyprotein and the remaining 10 3' genes through subgenomic mRNAs. A full-length cDNA clone of CTV was generated from which RNA transcripts capable of replication in protoplasts were derived. The large size of cDNA hampered its use as a genetic system. Deletion of 10 3' genes resulted in an efficient RNA replicon that was easy to manipulate. To investigate the origin and maintenance of the genotypes in CTV populations, we tested the CTV replicase for its acceptance of divergent sequences by creating chimeric replicons with heterologous termini and examining their ability to replicate. Exchange of the similar 3' termini resulted in efficient replication whereas substitution of the divergent (up to 58% difference in sequence) 5' termini resulted in reduced but significant replication, generally in proportion to the extent of sequence divergence. (+info)
Subcellular localization of the HSP70-homolog encoded by beet yellows closterovirus. (7/117)Closteroviridae is the only viral family coding for a homolog of HSP70 (HSP70h). Polyclonal antiserum to recombinant beet yellows closterovirus (BYV) HSP70h was generated and used for immunogold labeling of the leaf samples derived from the infected Nicotiana benthamiana plants. Ultrastructural analysis revealed the preferential accumulation of BYV in phloem, although occasional infection of the leaf mesophyll cells was also observed. The strongest HSP70h-specific labeling was associated with virion aggregates and vesicles harboring scattered virions. HSP70h was also observed in close proximity of plasmodesmata and inside the plasmodesmatal channels. The possible role of the BYV HSP70h in RNA encapsidation was tested in tobacco protoplasts. A BYV mutant possessing an inactivated HSP70h gene exhibited no detectable encapsidation defects. Collectively, the obtained results suggested that closteroviral HSP70h escorts the virions to their destinations inside the infected cells and possibly participates in the intercellular translocation of BYV. (+info)
Regulation of closterovirus gene expression examined by insertion of a self-processing reporter and by northern hybridization. (8/117)A reporter open reading frame (ORF) coding for a fusion of bacterial beta-glucuronidase (GUS) with a proteinase domain (Pro) derived from tobacco etch potyvirus was utilized for tagging individual genes of beet yellows closterovirus (BYV). Insertion of this reporter ORF between the first and second codons of the BYV ORFs encoding the HSP70 homolog (HSP70h), a major capsid protein (CP), and a 20-kDa protein (p20) resulted in the expression of the processed GUS-Pro reporter from corresponding subgenomic RNAs. The high sensitivity of GUS assays permitted temporal analysis of reporter accumulation, revealing early expression from the HSP70h promoter, followed by the CP promoter and later the p20 promoter. The kinetics of transcription of the remaining BYV genes encoding a 64-kDa protein (p64), a minor capsid protein (CPm), and a 21-kDa protein (p21) were examined via Northern blot analysis. Taken together, the data indicated that the temporal regulation of BYV gene expression includes early (HSP70h, CPm, CP, and p21 promoters) and late (p64 and p20 promoters) phases. It was also demonstrated that the deletion of six viral genes that are nonessential for RNA amplification resulted in a dramatic increase in the level of transcription from one of the two remaining subgenomic promoters. Comparison with other positive-strand RNA viruses producing multiple subgenomic RNAs showed the uniqueness of the pattern of closterovirus transcriptional regulation. (+info)
The p23 Protein of <i>Citrus Tristeza Virus</i> Controls Asymmetrical by Satyanarayana Tatineni, Siddarame...
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), a member of the Closteroviridae, has a 19.3-kb positive-stranded RNA genome that is organized into 12 open reading frames (ORFs) with the 10 3 genes expressed via a nested set of nine or ten 3-coterminal subgenomic mRNAs (sgRNAs). Relatively large amounts of negative-stranded RNAs complementary to both genomic and sgRNAs accumulate in infected cells. As is characteristic of RNA viruses, wild-type CTV produced more positive than negative strands, with the plus-to-minus ratios of genomic and sgRNAs estimated at 10 to 20:1 and 40 to 50:1, respectively. However, a mutant with all of the 3 genes deleted replicated efficiently, but produced plus to minus strands at a markedly decreased ratio of 1 to 2:1. Deletion analysis of 3-end genes revealed that the p23 ORF was involved in asymmetric RNA accumulation. A mutation which caused a frameshift after the fifth codon resulted in nearly symmetrical RNA accumulation, suggesting that the p23 protein, not a cis-acting element within
Survey Methods for Assessment of Citrus tristeza virus Incidence in Citrus Nurseries
Plant Disease 85:910-918...Plant Disease 85:910-918...Survey Methods for Assessment of Citrus tristeza virus Incidence in Citrus Nurseries...G. Hughes , Institute of Ecology and Resource Management, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, EH9 3JG, Scotland, UK ; and T. R. Gottwald , USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Ft. Pierce, FL 34945...
The Purification of Citrus Tristeza Virus -- Vol. 05, No 03, 1990 -- Virologica Sinica
This paper deals with the Purification method of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) from infected sweet orange(Citrus sinensis[L]. Osbeck). The frozen and infected tissues were homogenized with 0.1mol/L Tris-buffer pH8.4 which contains 0.15% TritonX-100. After several differential centrifugations including two times of precipitation with PEG (MW 6,000), the supernatant was centrifuged by incontinuous sucrose density gradient of 200-400mg/ml and 600 mg/ml at 30,000 r/m (Hitachi, RPT 40 rot) for 3 hours. Then the ba...
Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Gottwald, T.R. 2005. Survival analysis of the spatio-temporal spread of citrus tristeza virus. 9th Biennial Meeting of the Florida Phytopathological Society, 2-4 May, 2005, University of Florida/IFAS, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center, Apopka, FL. Interpretive Summary: Citrus Tristeza Virus (CTV) remains one of the most severe pathogens of citrus worldwide, causing large production losses and has caused the death of over 50 million trees. Understanding the disease dynamics is key to developing control measures. One aspect that is poorly understood is the interaction of various strains of CTV under field conditions. An analytical method called survival analysis, originating from the medical and engineering disciplines, was used for the first time to investigate the interaction of two field strains of the CTV virus and how they interact. The method was modified to be able to examine the effect of diseased trees within a near vicinity on the probability of a tree remaining disease ...
Development and Application of a Multiplex Reverse-Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for Screening a Global...
Phytopathology 100:1077-1088...Phytopathology 100:1077-1088...Development and Application of a Multiplex Reverse-Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for Screening a Global Collection of Citrus tristeza virus Isolates...
Easterseals | Mas alla del desconsuelo: Cuando la Tristeza se convierte en Depression
Easterseals provides exceptional services, education, outreach and advocacy so that people with disabilities can live, learn, work and play in our communities.
Can Your Pets Infect You with Illnesses? [Video from CTV]
We encourage our readers to check out a great video from CTV Canada AM, where the hosts talk about our pets passing illnesses to us. Although most people dont
Molecular characterization of divergent closterovirus isolates infecting Ribes species[v1] | Preprints
Five isolates of a new putative member of the genus Closterovirus, tentatively named blackcurrant leafroll associated virus 1 (BcLRaV-1), were identified in currant. The 17 kb long genome of BcLRaV-1 contained 10 open reading frames (ORFs). The replication associated polyprotein has two papain-like leader proteases, a methyltransferase, a helicase and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. Additional ORFs coded for heat shock protein 70 homolog, heat shock protein 90 homolog, two divergent copies of coat protein, and three accessory proteins without identifiable functions. Phylogenetic analysis showed that BcLRaV-1 is related to members of the genus Closterovirus and recombination analysis of the isolates showed clear evidences of intraspecies recombination.
Citrus Diseases Exotic to Florida: Citrus Tristeza Virus Stem Pitting (CTV-SP) 3 Vein chlorosis caused by Citrus tristeza virus-Stem Pitting (CTV-SP). As with decline isolates, CTV-SP isolates can be transmitted by budding and grafting. Long distance movement of CTV-SP to different countries or different areas within a region is usually via the movement of the infected budwood or nursery stock. CTV-SP is also transmitted by several species of aphids. The brown citrus aphid (Toxoptera citricida) is considered the most efficient vector, but the melon aphid (Aphis gossypii) and the spirea aphid (A. spiraecola) can also transmit the CTV-SP virus. The patterns of spread vary according to the type of aphids involved. CTV-SP problem often increases rapidly after the brown citrus aphid becomes established in a new area and it seems that CTV-SP isolates are transmitted more often by brown citrus aphid as compared to other aphids. CTV can be transmitted experimentally by stem slash inoculation of citrus ...
Citrus Improvement Scheme: Citrus Propagation Material | Citrus Research International
New cultivars are obtained from the discovery of mutations in orchards, the breeding programme at the Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops (ITSC) (previously known as the CSFRI) and the importation of promising cultivars from other countries. Since the deregulation of the citrus industry in 1997 private cultivar agents have also become involved in this process and the Citrus Growers Association now has their own Cultivar Company for cultivar development. The ITSC and the CRI facility in Nelspruit are responsible for shoot-tip grafting and pre-immunisation of material with a mild strain of Citrus Tristeza Virus. The Citrus Foundation Block is responsible for increase and release of propagation material to the citrus industry. All promising cultivars are planted in suitable trial sites and evaluated by CRI Cultivar Specialists. The CIS Advisory Committee is responsible for the co-ordination of these processes.. ...
NEO-TRYPTOPHAN - Patent application
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 Amino acid sequences of NT, angiotensin, bradykinin, and leu-enkephalin polypeptides and polypeptide analogs Sequence Polypeptide 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 NT p-Glu L-Leu L-Tyr L-Glu L-Asn L-Lys L-Pro L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-Tyr L-Ile L-Leu NT(8-13) L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-Tyr L-Ile L-Leu NT(9-13) L-Arg L-Pro L-Tyr L-Ile L-Leu NTW L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-Trp L-Ile L-Leu NT L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-Tyr tert- L-Leu (tert-Leu) Leu Eisai* N- L-Lys L-Pro L-Trp tert- L-Leu methyl- Leu Arg NT2 D-Lys L-Arg L-Pro L-Tyr L-Ile L-Leu NT24 27 L-Arg D-Orn.sup.& L-Pro L-Tyr L-Ile L-Leu NT34 L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-3,1- L-Ile L-Leu Nal# NT64D L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro D-neo- L-Ile L-Leu Trp NT64L L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-neo- L-Ile L-Leu Trp NT65L L-Arg L-Arg L-Pro L-neo- tert- L-Leu Trp Leu NT66D D-Lys L-Arg L-Pro D-neo- tert- L-Leu Trp Leu NT66L D-Lys L-Arg L-Pro L-neo- tert- L-Leu Trp Leu NT67L D-Lys L-Arg L-Pro L-neo- L-Ile L-Leu Trp NT69L N- L-Lys L-Pro L-neo- tert- L-Leu methyl- Trp Leu Arg NT69L N- L-Arg ...
Bio572: DNA Diagnostics
Hybridization analysis showed a p27 gene region, which exhibits different patterns with two probes derived from two biological distinct CTV isolates. In an attempt to screen whether that gene region differs in mild and severe strains, six CTV isolates belonging to different biogroups were compared for variations in their p27 gene by analysis of single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP). The p27 gene was reverse transcribed and amplified by PCR and thirty clones of each isolate were obtained. From each clone, two fragments of the gene were amplified by PCR: fragment (a), 459 bp long, and fragment (b), 281 bp long. Sequence variations in both gene fragments were studied by SSCP analysis. A variety of SSCP patterns was obtained from each isolate, being isolates belonging to the groups II-IV and III those with the higher and lower number of them. Moreover, SSCP analysis provided a rapid procedure to screen the genetic heterogeneity of the viral isolate reducing considerably the amount of ...
RELATe enables genome-scale engineering in fungal genomics | Science Advances
Fig. 4 Functional screen reveals cryptococcal factors contributing to penetration of the blood-brain barrier.. (A and B) Venn diagram on distribution of the depleted sgRNAs. Transcytosis, sgRNAs depleted in penetration of the HBMEC monolayer in vitro; Brain IV, sgRNAs depleted in brain invasion after intravenous infection; Brain IN, sgRNAs depleted in disseminating from lung to brain after intranasal infection; Brain IV & IN & Transcytosis, overlap of depleted sgRNAs between Transcytosis, Brain IV, and Brain IN; YPD, sgRNAs depleted in in vitro growth; Lung IN, sgRNAs depleted in lung survival. Threshold of depletion defined as normalized log2 fold change ≤ −1. (C) Heat map showing the enrichment change of the depleted sgRNAs. Each column corresponds to a sample, and rows represent the 144 sgRNAs that were depleted during transcytosis and intravenous and intranasal infection (normalized log2 fold change ≤ −1). Sequencing read counts of the sgRNA were normalized and log2-transformed and ...
Download lmt forex formula
Vitro download lmt forex formula - download lmt forex formula, volume strategy forex, forex trading news channel, ftse 100 live forex, forex vidio, charting software for forex yard
Garmin Nuvi 3590LMT Portable GPS Navigation Unit - 010-00921-02 - Abt
Abt has free shipping on the Garmin Nuvi 3590LMT Portable GPS Navigation Unit - 0100092102. Buy the Garmin 010-00921-02 from an authorized online retailer and get free tech support for life.
1 - Mean reversion trading strategy
List of stocks have weekly options #### MEAN REVERSION TRADING STRATEGY Lmt forex formula 2.1 #### Binary options autotrader erfahrungen
Guide for the Perplexed - Christian Classics Ethereal Library
THE precepts of the eleventh class are enumerated in the Section on Divine Service (Sefer abodah) and the Section on Sacrifices (Sefer ha-korbanot). We have described their use in general terms (chap. xxxii.). I will now proceed to give the reason of each precept separately. Scripture tells us, according to the Version of Onkelos, that the Egyptians worshipped Aries, and therefore abstained from killing sheep, and held shepherds in contempt. Comp. Behold we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians, etc. (Exod. viii. 26); For every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians (Gen. xlvi. 34). Some sects among the Sabeans worshipped demons, and imagined that these assumed the form of goats, and called them therefore goats This worship was widespread. Comp. And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto demons, after whom they have gone a whoring (Lev. xvii. 7). For this reason those sects abstained from eating goats flesh. Most idolaters objected to killing cattle, holding ...
Occurrence of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 5 in Portugal: genetic variability and population structure in field-grown...
Read Occurrence of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 5 in Portugal: genetic variability and population structure in field-grown grapevines, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Greenwich Academic Literature Archive
Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Jeremiah, S.C., Legg, J.P., Kumar, P. Lava, Hillocks, R.J. and Maruthi, M.N. (2011) Multiplex RT-PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of both RNA and DNA viruses infecting cassava and the common occurrence of mixed infections by two cassava brown streak viruses in East Africa. Journal of Virological Methods, 179 (1). pp. 176-184. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2011.10.020) Abarshi, M.M., Mohammed, I.U., Wasswa, P., Hillocks, R.J., Holt, J., Legg, J.P., Seal, S.E. and Maruthi, M.N. (2009) Optimization of diagnostic RT-PCR protocols and sampling procedures for the reliable and cost-effective detection of Cassava brown streak virus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163 (2). pp. 353-359. ISSN 0166-0934 (doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.10.023) Nolasco, G., Santos, C., Silva, G. and Fonseca, F. (2008) Development of an asymmetric PCR-ELISA typing method for citrus tristeza virus based on the coat protein gene. Journal of Virological Methods, 155 (2). pp. 97-108. ...
Applying Whitewash to Citrus Trees | Home Guides | SF Gate
Applying Whitewash to Citrus Trees. Citrus trees thrive in mild, sunny climates, but sometimes sunlight is too much of a good thing. The bark of citrus trees is very thin and easily damaged by excessive heat and sunlight. Damage from sunscald can take years to heal and may even kill young citrus trees. Whitewash, or ...
Bragantia - vol.62 issue2
Effect of the citrus tristeza disease on vegetative, productive and industrial characters of Valencia sweet orange grafted onto hybrid rootstocks segregating for tolerance ...
Home Page - Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Diaz-Lara, A.; Klassen, V.; Sudarshana, M. R.; A., Rowhani; Maree, H. J.; Chooi, K. M.; Blouin, A. G.; Habili, N.; Aram, K.; Arnold, K.; Cooper, M. L.; Wunderlich, L.; Battany, M. C.; Bettiga, L. J.; Smith, R. J.; Preece, J. E.; Golino, D. and Al Rwahnih (2018). Characterization of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 genetic variants and application towards RT-qPCR assay design ...
Citrus Trees - Dwarf and Patio Citrus - Brighter Blooms Nursery
Citrus Trees are perfect for a patio or containers... plant multiple varieties for a burst of citrus fruit picked right from your home...
Citrus Tree - Kaffir Lime
Citrus Tree - Kaffir Lime: This lime boasts a fresh, zesty flavour and is widely used in thai cooking. Originally from Thailand, it remains a little-known citrus fruit, but deserves to be much…
Citrus tree owners win case - tribunedigital-sunsentinel
David Mendez, of Boca Raton, cared for four citrus trees in his backyard, but his real love was a cocktail tree that soared 30 feet and grew oranges on one side and grapefruit on the other.But in
EFSA Journal | Europäische Behörde für Lebensmittelsicherheit
The conclusions of the EFSA following the peer review of the initial risk assessments carried out by the competent authority of the rapporteur Member State, Spain, for the pesticide active substances Pepino Mosaic Virus,EU strain, mild isolate Abp1 and Pe .... ...
EFSA Journal | Autorità europea per la sicurezza alimentare
The conclusions of the EFSA following the peer review of the initial risk assessments carried out by the competent authority of the rapporteur Member State, Spain, for the pesticide active substances Pepino Mosaic Virus,EU strain, mild isolate Abp1 and Pe .... ...
Enchained Souls - Silentium Aeternus (2007)
Aqui les dejo el material promocional de su segundo LP, una banda increible con melodias oscuras y maravillosas, liricas acerca de la tristeza, la tragedia, verdaderas obras extraidas desde Argentina, buen Melodic Gothic Metal ...
CTV National News: Growing pressure | CTV News
Conservatives want the ethics watchdog to open a second investigation into PM Trudeau over the WE scandal. Kevin Gallagher has the latest.
CTV National News: Growing pressure | CTV News
Conservatives want the ethics watchdog to open a second investigation into PM Trudeau over the WE scandal. Kevin Gallagher has the latest.
Cow gives birth to triplets at Brantford farm | CTV News
From CTV Kitchener: A farm in Brantford added three new calves to their ranch, marking a rare instance of a cow giving birth to triplets.
Subject: RE: DATAFILE?? The best way to find out is to try it. You will probably find that it depends. If you use a LMT and do uniform extents then it will do it by concatenation. (fill up the first file then move on to the 2nd etc.). If you create an LMT and do automatic extents then it is different. It does it by striping. The first extent goes in the first file, the 2nd in the 2nd file... You can see this by setting up a small test. Jim -----Original Message ...
California Citrus State Historic Park Volunteer Opportunities - VolunteerMatch
Volunteer with California Citrus State Historic Park. Find California Citrus State Historic Park volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
Craftex Bactericidal Citrus Deodoriser 5ltr | Cleaning Supplies UK
Craftex Bactericidal Deodoriser Citrus Fresh 5ltr from Pattersons Cleaning Supplies. We stock hundreds of cleaning products with next day delivery
Integrate your own SoapAttachment Validator into your Citrus project - ConSol Labs
Citrus includes a lot of convenient features which are only waiting for you to discover and use them. The other day I needed to validate a SoapAttachment. As...
Citrus|Memes - Memes
Budding Citrus | wellsforzoe | Blipfoto
From a look at the pictures today, there appears to be a greater urgency than usual. The farmyard and the surrounding look swept and slashed....
Transmission of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 by vine mealybug, Planococcus Ficus (Signoret), to grapevines treated...
INTRODUCTION. Grapevine leafroll disease is widely accepted to be the most damaging grapevine virus disease in South Africa, with grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) the most prevalent leafroll-associated virus (Pietersen, 2006). The vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), is the most common and efficient vector of GLRaV-3 in South Africa (Walton & Pringle, 2004; Douglas & Krüger, 2008). Currently, the industry strategy to limit leafroll infection in newly planted, leafroll-free vineyards in South Africa is based on a multi-pronged approach that includes treating young grapevines with a systemic insecticide like imidacloprid shortly after planting; monitoring for leafroll symptoms in these vineyards over two seasons, and removing all leafroll-infected grapevines, known as rogueing (Pietersen, 2006); monitoring and controlling mealybug in adjacent leafroll-infected vineyards where rogueing is not feasible; and ensuring that workers and equipment do ...
Citrus - Wikipedia
Citrus plants are very liable to infestation by aphids, whitefly and scale insects (e.g. California red scale). Also rather important are the viral infections to which some of these ectoparasites serve as vectors such as the aphid-transmitted Citrus tristeza virus which when unchecked by proper methods of control is devastating to citrine plantations. The newest threat to citrus groves in the United States is the Asian citrus psyllid.. The Asian citrus psyllid is an aphid-like insect that feeds on the leaves and stems of citrus trees and other citrus-like plants - but the real danger lies in that it can carry a deadly, bacterial tree disease called Huanglongbing (HLB), also known as citrus greening disease.. In August 2005 citrus greening disease was discovered in the south Florida region around Homestead and Florida City. It has since spread to every commercial citrus grove in Florida. In 2004-2005 USDA Ag statistics reported the total Florida citrus production to be 169.1 million boxes of ...
Diagnóstico molecular y control biológico de la tristeza seca del pimiento y la fusariosis vascular del melón
El sureste español se encuentra localizado en un área que destaca por su importante sector agrícola, reconocido por su alta producción de cultivos como el pimiento y el melón, los cuales se ven afectados por enfermedades causadas por patógenos del suelo, como la tristeza y la fusariosis vascular respectivamente. Una detección temprana de los agentes causantes de estas enfermedades es de gran importancia, para evitar su expansión a nuevos terrenos y mejorar su control mediante una gestión integrada. Por esta razón, desarrollamos un sistema TaqMan para detectar y cuantificar Phytophthora nicotianae específicamente mediante PCR a tiempo real (qPCR) en cultivo puro y en matrices ambientales como suelo, compost y tejido vegetal. Con este sistema se identificó P. nicotianae como el actual causante de la tristeza del pimiento en el Campo de Cartagena y su población fue caracterizada mediante el uso de marcadores moleculares y un estudio fenotípico. Además, la aplicación del sistema ...
An infectious RNA with a hepta-adenosine stretch responsible for programmed -1 ribosomal frameshift derived from a full-length...
Hibiscus latent Singapore virus (HLSV) is a member of Tobamovirus and its full-length cDNA clones were constructed. The in vitro transcripts from two HLSV full-length cDNA clones, which contain a hepta-adenosine stretch (pHLSV-7A) and an octo-adenosine stretch (pHLSV-8A), are both infectious. The replication level of HLSV-7A in Nicotiana benthamiana protoplasts was 5-fold lower, as compared to that of HLSV-8A. The replicase proteins of HLSV-7A were produced through programmed -1 ribosomal frameshift (-1 PRF) and the 7A stretch was a slippery sequence for -1 PRF. Mutations to the downstream pseudoknot of 7A stretch showed that the pseudoknot was not required for the frameshift in vitro. The stretch was found to be extended to 8A after subsequent replication cycles in vivo. It is envisaged that HLSV employs the monotonous runs of A and -1 PRF to convert its 7A to 8A to reach higher replication for its survival in plants. © 2013 Elsevier Inc ...
SL382/SS584: Calcium (Ca) and Sulfur (S) for Citrus Trees
This publication is part of a series about understanding nutrient requirements for citrus trees. For the rest of the series, visit http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_series_citrus_tree_nutrients.. To maintain a viable citrus industry, Florida growers must consistently and economically produce large, high-quality fruit crops from year to year. Efficiently producing maximum yields of high-quality fruit is difficult without understanding soil and nutrient requirements of bearing citrus trees. Most Florida citrus is grown on soils inherently low in fertility with low cation exchange capacity (CEC) and low water-holding capacity, thus soils are unable to retain sufficient quantities of available plant nutrients against leaching caused by rainfall or excessive irrigation.. Seventeen elements are considered necessary for the growth of green plants: carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), iron ...
Oil Spray for Citrus Trees | Garden Guides
Oil sprays on the trunks of citrus trees prevent infestation by aphids, mites and mealybugs. These pests will eat a trees young leaves and buds, preventing it from fruiting. Oil sprays can also be used on infested areas of citrus trees to remove the insects without harming any of the delicate growth.
How to protect citrus trees from freezes | NOLA.com
Cold weather is on its way, and many people are concerned about their citrus trees. One of the most common questions I get from gardeners is, How much cold can citrus trees tolerate? Because there are a number of variables, its difficult to pin point a threshold temperature at which it becomes necessary to protect your trees.
Bartlett Tree Experts: Treatment of Citrus Trees
As citrus have a low tolerance to heat, autumn and winter are ideal for focusing on the care of these trees. Treatments performed now will help keep citrus trees healthy year-round.
How Does a Citrus Tree Reproduce? | Garden Guides
Citrus trees start to bloom early in the winter months and they continue to develop throughout the springtime producing minute, green fruits. The fruit grow larger as the seasons progress into summer and fall. The term citrus is a familiar term and type of blossoming plants that belong to the Rutaceae plant ...
Centennial Variegated Kumquat Citrus Tree - One Green World
Centennial Variegated Kumquat Citrus Tree is a very unique variety discovered as a spontaneous variegated genetic mutation from an unknown breeding project.
Download Warrior Demi Video & Mp3 | VideoCure
venas muerte suicidas sangre Anorexia Nervosa (Disease Or Medical Condition) Anorexia Nervosa (Musical Group) suicidio dolor suicide vida anorexia Anorexia (Symptom) ihatelife triste ana fin cortadas vivir tristeza mia odio Demi Lovato (Celebrity ...
Pesquisa | Portal Regional da BVS
Objetivo: discutir acerca de la reacción de la familia frente al proceso de comunicación de muerte cerebral y posible la donación de órganos. Método: revisión de la literatura integradora, con búsqueda de artículos en bases de datos: BEDENF, SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE, publicados entre los años de 2008 a 2017. Hemos seleccionado para esta investigación, 14 publicaçoes según los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: el principal elemento para que el proceso de donación es satisfactoria es la familia. Y tienen diferentes reacciones para recibir la información de la muerte cerebral y la donación de órganos es posible. Entre estos diversos factores son el lugar donde se realiza la comunicación y de la falta de familia acerca de la opinión de los donantes. Conclusión: para recibir el diagnóstico de muerte cerebral, las habitaciones cuentan con manifestaciones como la tristeza, el llanto y la revuelta. La falta de este tema, trae a la familia a una serie de preguntas y un ...
A Cura - ABEM
Tenho uma doença incurável também. Desde os 19 anos faço tratamento e os médicos nem sabem ao certo o quê tenho. Sou alegre, feliz, sinto dores, tenho depressão, tenho asma brônquios, etc…mas mesmo assim encontro um sorriso para da as pessoas ao meu redor. Pois quando não sorrio é neste dia que preciso de um sorriso do outro, do seu! Esse é o lema. Também sinto dores, estive atacada a dias, e olha que cada dia é um remédio novo…Tenho uma filha e sou casada, amo animais de estimação! E a minha tristeza é não ter feito Medicina. Cursei um pouco de psicologia, enfermagem, letras, informática…mas não me formei…falta de vontade não foi, sabe Deus o porquê. Fiz vários cursinhos para concurso TJ, TTN, passei em dois concursos mais não deu certo…até para Previdência passei 33o lugar, mas nem sei se me chamaram, que dúvida…tá vendo todos tem problemas…Já fiz uma cirurgia da vesícula essa foi demais, ufa, entre a vida e a morte. Mas estou aqui com meus 41 anos, ...
Ask a Question forum: Seeking advice on blighted citrus tree! - Garden.org
Thread in the Ask a Question forum forum by knob_creek: Last autumn, my parents gave me this potted orange tree. It was infested with ants-- a problem we w...
Pruning Citrus Trees - Knowledgebase Question - Garden.org
I prune mine right after Ive harvested all the fruit but before they begin to flower again. December or January are good months to prune. If you have only a few errant branches you can prune them off now but if you want to do an overall trimming, prune in winter or wait until just before new spring growth begins ...
Garmin nuvi 3760LMT Automobile Portable Navigator - 010-00858-01 - 677051 | pcRUSH.com
Garmin nuvi 3760LMT Automobile Portable Navigator - 010-00858-01 - Item #677051 at pcRUSH.com with best price for only $ 284.02 as of Monday, December 18, 2017 - Page 1
Stay away from Beets and Sugar Beet byproducts
I noticed on serveral MS sites they recommend eating Beets. Based on some of the research I have seen I have to recommend to stay away from beets and beet root and beet sugar. I recently develop the early signs ...
Brookdale Citrus Heights - 2 Reviews - Citrus Heights - A Place for Mom
Read 2 reviews, get prices and compare Brookdale Citrus Heights with other communities in Citrus Heights. Call A Place for Mom 855-217-0156 to request free information and connect with a local senior living advisor who can help you find the right community for you.
2KDB | Genus
chains in the Genus database with same CATH superfamily 1P1A A; 3R66 C; 4W9J A; 2A4Z A; 3V61 A; 3TJP A; 2KC1 A; 1WE7 A; 1WX7 A; 2LZ6 A; 3SU8 X; 2KHW B; 5CHF A; 3ALB A; 5D94 A; 3R7R A; 1RRB A; 1WRD B; 4P7I A; 4WQO B; 4ZRK A; 3OJ4 B; 1I42 A; 3A9J A; 1G6J A; 4IG7 B; 2EKE C; 2AYO B; 2NBU A; 5CHV C; 2BKF A; 4DWF A; 3JSV A; 2JRH A; 1OEY J; 4CHK A; 1WGG A; 2L76 A; 2A5U A; 2KQ7 A; 4K7W A; 4NNJ B; 3ZTD A; 1J0G A; 4G0N B; 4EFO A; 5GMV A; 2LGY A; 3L08 A; 2KWC A; 3K9P B; 2LI5 A; 2N7E A; 3TL5 A; 4IWQ A; 3ZLZ A; 2EMT A; 4N9F 4; 1WYW B; 3VUW A; 2KK8 A; 4BOZ B; 1WXS A; 1JRU A; 2FIF A; 3CF6 E; 5HKH A; 1A5R A; 1C3T A; 3VHT C; 2PJH A; 3QK0 A; 1E7U A; 2C5L C; 2KTR A; 3PLU A; 3VTW A; 1E7V A; 2DZK A; 2AWT A; 5L83 A; 2NBV B; 4ZDV A; 2KFK B; 1WGH A; 2BYV E; 2K8C A; 2D10 A; 1E5W A; 2KC2 A; 4ICU A; 3ZRF A; 1S3S G; 2YVC A; 2ZEQ A; 5IAA C; 2KJR A; 3M95 A; 1U4A A; 2GOW A; 3APC A; 2RR9 A; 1OGW A; 2GBK A; 1SIF A; 2L3Z A; 2LJ5 A; 2KMC A; 1V5T A; 2O6V A; 3B1L X; 3KH0 A; 4ZYN A; 3N30 A; 2KX0 A; 3DPD A; 2LXC A; 2NPT B; 2FNJ B; ...
Phuong Tran, LMT - Spawell Massage
Due to the uncertainty of when and how much the COVID-19 will affect the US population, the ARCB is suspending all testing until further notice. We will notify you as conditions change ...
Articles about Citrus Council - tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
Citrus Council News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Citrus Council From The tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
Citrus Heights, CA - Official Website
The Citrus Heights City Council meets on the 2nd and 4th Thursday of the month at 7 p.m. in the Citrus Heights Council Chambers. Visit our City Council Meetings page for more information ...
LISTERINE Cool Citrus ústna voda 500 ml - Ústna voda | Alza.sk
Garancia dodania do Vianoc ✓ Ústna voda LISTERINE Cool Citrus ústna voda 500 ml, |p>Ústna voda Listerine Cool Citrus je doplnkom ne čistenie zubov, ktorý dôkladne čistí ústnu dutinu, prispieva k prevencii proti zubnému kazu, ničí...|/p>
The 10 Best Stage Hypnotists in Citrus Heights, CA 2021
Here is the definitive list of Citrus Heightss stage hypnotists as rated by the Citrus Heights, CA community. Want to see who made the cut?
Naspers-backed PayU acquires Citrus Pay for Rs 865 cr | The Economic Times Video | ET Now
Naspers-owned, online payments service provider PayU has agreed to buy Mumbai-based payments platform Citrus Pay for $130 million (Rs 865 crore). Jitendra Gupta, Founder, Citrus Pay, talks to ET Now about the same.
DUAL CITRUS SQUEEZER-NORPRO-532
DUAL CITRUS SQUEEZER-Move the dual-sided center plate up to juice lemons or leave down to juice limes. Juicing has never been more efficient and the r
SCORE Volunteer: Citrus County SCORE Opportunity - VolunteerMatch
Citrus County SCORE offers the opportunity to serve your community through SCORE Volunteer. This is an ongoing opportunity located in Lecanto, Florida.
Breville Citrus Press Pro 800CP | ProductReview.com.au
Breville Citrus Press Pro 800CP (Juicer): 3.6 out of 5 stars from 30 genuine reviews on Australias largest opinion site ProductReview.com.au.
Bartolome, Michelle C, Citrus Heights, CA 95610-7790 | - Yellowbook
Find Bartolome, Michelle C in Citrus Heights, CA 95610-7790 on Yellowbook. Get contact details or leave a review about this business.
Citrus slices in the section by Елизавета on Dribbble
Citrus slices in the section designed by Елизавета . Connect with them on Dribbble; the global community for designers and creative professionals.
7064 SAN JACINTO CT, CITRUS HEIGHTS, CA 95621 | MLS# 19070614 - RE/MAX
Take a video tour of this $316,000, 3 bed, 3 bath, 1,868 SqFt, Condo/Townhome listing, located at 7064 SAN JACINTO CT in CITRUS HEIGHTS, CA 95621.
Our very own Anna featured on CTV
Great interview. Dont worry, the MSS has informed us on the piece, that copious amounts of $ is going to go to research whether there is a connection or not, but until then, they categorically state that nothing is proven, ...
Quebec man facing charges in U.S. for allegedly importing fentanyl using darknet | CTV News
Authorities in the United States have charged a Quebec man for allegedly funnelling fentanyl into that country using a network of secret websites called the darknet.
Citrus | Tasty recipez
We hope you enjoy tastyrecipez! If you have any questions or wish to wish to contact us feel free to send an email to the following address we will get back to you as soon as possible ...
List of grape diseases
Closterovirus-associated Peach rosette mosaic virus decline Peach rosette mosaic virus Petunia asteroid mosaic Petunia asteroid ...
Genus Closterovirus. *Genus Crinivirus. *Genus Velarivirus. *Familie Endornaviridae (früher als dsRNA klassifiziert) ...
Grapevine virus A
Every inhabited continent on the globe has had breakouts of grapevine closterovirus due to the complex genetic makeup of the ... The common name for this virus is grapevine closterovirus. Common symptoms in infected grapevines include stem pitting (when ...
List of pests and diseases of roses
"Deep sequencing reveals a novel closterovirus associated with wild rose leaf rosette disease". Molecular Plant Pathology. Wiley ...
Rose leaf rosette-associated virus
... is a +ssRNA closterovirus which causes a unique, unusually dense and small rosette leaf ... "Deep sequencing reveals a novel closterovirus associated with wild rose leaf rosette disease". Molecular Plant Pathology. Wiley ...
Diferenzas entre revisións de «Virus de ARN», a enciclopedia libre
closterovirus but. senón. a. un. new. novo. genus of. xénero. the. de. Potexviridae. ...
Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 2
... (GRLaV2) is a virus infecting grapevine in the genus Closterovirus. It is associated with ...
Little cherry disease
Rott, M.E.; Jelkmann, W. (2002). "Detection and Partial Characterization of a Second Closterovirus Associated with Little ...
In the related genus Closterovirus, these secondary structures have been found to be important in viral RNA replication. ...
Grapevine leafroll-associated virus
... (GLRaV) is a name for a group of viruses infecting grapevine in the genus Closterovirus. ...
Potato yellow vein virus
It is a whitefly-transmitted closterovirus vectored by Trialeurodes vaporariorum, which is known to cause a yellowing disease ...
Citrus tristeza virus
... (CTV) is a viral species of the genus Closterovirus that causes the most economically damaging disease to ...
... and apple chlorotic leaf spot virus appears not to be a closterovirus but a new genus of the Potexviridae. The evolution of the ...
Genera: Ampelovirus Closterovirus Crinivirus Velarivirus Unassigned species: Actinidia virus 1 Alligatorweed stunting virus ...
List of virus genera
Chunghsingvirus Cilevirus Cimpunavirus Cinunavirus Circovirus Citexvirus Citrivirus Clavavirus Clecrusatellite Closterovirus ...
List of MeSH codes (B04)
... closterovirus MeSH B04.715.110.175 - crinivirus MeSH B04.715.150.150 - comovirus MeSH B04.715.150.250 - fabavirus MeSH B04.715. ... closterovirus MeSH B04.820.110.175 - crinivirus MeSH B04.820.150.150 - comovirus MeSH B04.820.150.250 - fabavirus MeSH B04.820. ...
Rice hoja blanca tenuivirus
Previous to 1982, RHBV was theorized to be a part of the Closterovirus group, due to the presence of 8-10 nanometer particles ...
List of virus species
... gemycircularvirus 1 Blackbird associated gemykibivirus 1 Blackcurrant betanucleorhabdovirus Blackcurrant closterovirus 1 ...
ICTV Report: Closteroviridea Viralzone: Closterovirus "Genus: Closterovirus - Closteroviridae' - Positive-sense RNA Viruses". ... Closterovirus Arracacha virus 1 Beet yellow stunt virus Beet yellows virus Blackcurrant closterovirus 1 Burdock yellows virus ... Closterovirus, also known as beet yellows viral group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. Plants serve as ... Viruses in Closterovirus are non-enveloped, with flexuous and Filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with a ...
Closterovirus - Wikipedia
ICTV Report: Closteroviridea Viralzone: Closterovirus "Genus: Closterovirus - Closteroviridae - Positive-sense RNA Viruses". ... Closterovirus Arracacha virus 1 Beet yellow stunt virus Beet yellows virus Blackcurrant closterovirus 1 Burdock yellows virus ... Closterovirus, also known as beet yellows viral group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. Plants serve as ... Viruses in Closterovirus are non-enveloped, with flexuous and Filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with a ...
Characterization of Beet Yellows Closterovirus-Specific RNAs in Infected Plants and Protoplasts
In vitro transcripts from cloned cDNAs of the lettuce infectious yellows closterovirus bipartite genomic RNAs are competent for...
Full-length cloned cDNAs of lettuce infectious yellows closterovirus (LIYV) RNAs 1 and 2 were constructed and fused to the ... In vitro transcripts from cloned cDNAs of the lettuce infectious yellows closterovirus bipartite genomic RNAs are competent for ... in mesophyll protoplasts and that infectious in vitro transcripts can be derived from the cloned cDNAs of a closterovirus ...
Closterovirus | Article about Closterovirus by The Free Dictionary
Find out information about Closterovirus. A genus of plant viruses belonging to the family Closteroviridae that has a wide host ... range and is transmitted primarily by aphids; beet yellows virus is... Explanation of Closterovirus ... Closterovirus. Also found in: Wikipedia. Closterovirus. [¦klä·stə·rə′vī·rəs] (virology) A genus of plant viruses belonging to ... Closterovirus , Article about Closterovirus by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Closterovirus ...
Microbiology Society Journals | Virion RNA of Beet Yellows Closterovirus: Cell-free Translation and Some Properties
Molecular characterization of divergent closterovirus isolates infecting Ribes species[v1] | Preprints
Phylogenetic analysis showed that BcLRaV-1 is related to members of the genus Closterovirus and recombination analysis of the ... Five isolates of a new putative member of the genus Closterovirus, tentatively named blackcurrant leafroll associated virus 1 ( ... Molecular characterization of divergent closterovirus isolates infecting Ribes species. Igor Koloniuk * , Thanuja Thekke-Veetil ... Ribes; currant; closterovirus; recombinants/recombination Copyright: This is an open access article distributed under the ...
Frontiers | Viral and Cellular Factors Involved in Phloem Transport of Plant Viruses | Plant Science
This concerns members in the Potexvirus, Cucumovirus, Bromovirus, Tospovirus, Closterovirus, Curtovirus, Polerovirus, and ... Closterovirus. The genome organization of Closteroviridae displays complex and diversified coding capacities. Among the 10 ... Closterovirus proteins. Closteroviruses form long filamentous particles bearing a tail composed of several proteins involved in ... Closterovirus, Mastrevirus, Begomovirus, Dianthovirus, Carmovirus, Necrovirus, Tobamovirus, Sobemovirus, and Benyvirus (Table ...
Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of grapevine leafroll-associated virus-2 are similar to beet yellows virus, the...
GLRaV-2 is the only closterovirus, so far, that matches the genome organization of the type member of the group, BYV, and thus ... The entire genome of grapevine leafroll-associated closterovirus-2 (GLRaV-2), except the exact 5' terminus, was cloned and ... can be unambiguously classified as a definitive member of the genus Closterovirus. ... GLRaV-2 is the only closterovirus, so far, that matches the genome organization of the type member of the group, BYV, and thus ...
List of grape diseases - Wikipedia
Blackcurrant closterovirus 1. blackcurrant closterovirus 1. BC. MH267701. NC_040834. Complete genome. BCCV-1. ... Closterovirus), CTV (Figure 2.Closterovirus) and beet yellow stunt virus (BYSV): (i) the BYV genome contains eight ORFs flanked ... Genus: Closterovirus. Distinguishing features. Members of the genus have particle lengths , 1,200 nm and a single-stranded ... Figure 1.Closterovirus. Genome organization and strategy of replication of beet yellows virus (BYV) showing the relative ...
Barley yellow dwarf luteoviruses and other virus diseases - M. Henry, R.T. Plumb
The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses (ITCV) has divided the BYDVs into two viruses, BYDV (PAV and MAV) and cereal yellow dwarf polero-virus, CYDV (RPV) (DArcy et al., 1999), according to the previous grouping based on cytopathology (Gill and Chong, 1979), serology and nucleic acid sequences (Martin and DArcy, 1990).. Barley yellow dwarf luteoviruses are restricted to the Poaceae (Gramineae). Cultivated hosts include all the major cereal crops: barley, maize, oat, rice, rye and wheat, as well as many annual and perennial cultivated and wild grasses. BYD has been reported from over 50 countries (Lister and Ranieri, 1995). Symptoms caused by BYDVs differ with the host species and cultivar, the age and the physiological condition of the host plant at the time of infection, the strain and the environmental conditions; and they can be easily confused with nutritional and abiotic disorders. In wheat, one symptom includes leaf discoloration from tip to base and from margin to centre, ...
Virus-Taxonomie - Wikipedia
HSP70 homolog functions in cell-to-cell movement of a plant virus | PNAS
beet yellows closterovirus;. GFP,. green fluorescent protein;. HSP70h,. HSP70 homolog;. MP,. movement protein;. GUS,. β- ... 9). What is the function commissioned to HSP70 by a closterovirus? It was shown earlier (20, 21) and confirmed in this study ... To reveal the function of HSP70h in closterovirus infection, we have employed a reverse-genetic approach on a cDNA clone of a ... To facilitate studies of the function of HSP70 homolog (HSP70h) in viral infection, the beet yellows closterovirus (BYV) was ...
Closteroviridae articles - Encyclopedia of Life
Virus Taxonomy: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, Book by Andrew MQ King (Other) | chapters...
The Big Picture Book of Viruses - Baltimore Listing
Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 2
Elimination of citrus tristeza closterovirus (ctv) and production of certified citrus plants through shoot-tip micrografting<...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Elimination of citrus tristeza closterovirus (ctv) and production of certified ... Elimination of citrus tristeza closterovirus (ctv) and production of certified citrus plants through shoot-tip micrografting. ... Elimination of citrus tristeza closterovirus (ctv) and production of certified citrus plants through shoot-tip micrografting. ... Elimination of citrus tristeza closterovirus (ctv) and production of certified citrus plants through shoot-tip micrografting. ...
The Structure and Characterization of a Closterovirus, Beet Yellows Virus, and a Luteovirus, Beet Mild Yellowing Virus, by...
Summary Attempts were made to determine more precisely the structure and properties of a closterovirus, beet yellows virus (BYV ... Attempts were made to determine more precisely the structure and properties of a closterovirus, beet yellows virus (BYV), and a ... The Structure and Characterization of a Closterovirus, Beet Yellows Virus, and a Luteovirus, Beet Mild Yellowing Virus, by ...
Research Projects Database Search | National Agricultural Library
The family comprises four genera, Closterovirus, Ampelovirus, Crinivirus and Velarivirus, which differ in genome type ( ... A characterising trait of three genera (Closterovirus, Ampelovirus and Crinivirus) is the type of vectors that mediate ... Genome organisation of the two representatives of the genus Closterovirus. (a) BYV, the type species of the genus showing the ... Agranovsky AA, Boyko VP, Karasev AV, Koonin EV and Dolja VV (1991) Putative 65 kDa protein of Beet yellows closterovirus is a ...
Diferenzas entre revisións de «Virus de ARN» - Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre
Diseases of Wheat
Robert Martin : USDA ARS
STRAWBERRY CHLOROTIC FLECK DISEASE MAY BE CAUSED BY A NOVEL CLOSTEROVIRUS - Tzanetakis, I.E., Martin, R.R. 2006. Strawberry ... STRAWBERRY CHLOROTIC FLECK: A NEW CLOSTEROVIRUS ASSOCIATED WITH THE DISEASE - Tzanetakis, I.E., Martin, R.R. 2005. Strawberry ... Strawberry chlorotic fleck: Identification and Characterization of a Novel Closterovirus Associated with the Disease - ... Strawberry chlorotic fleck: Identification and characterization of a novel Closterovirus associated with the disease. Virus ...
Molecular Characterization of an Isolate of Citrus Tristeza Virus that Causes Severe Symptoms in Sweet Orange | SpringerLink
Grapevine virus A - Wikipedia
Associação do Little cherry vírus 1 (LChV1) com o Shirofugen Stunt … - English
Detection and partial characterization of a second closterovirus associated with little cherry disease, Little cherry virus-2. ... Partial characterization of a closterovirus associated with apple mealybug-transmitted little cherry disease in North America. ... Complete genome structure and phylogenetic analysis of little cherry virus, a mealybug transmissible closterovirus. J. Gen. ...
List of pests regulated by Canada - Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Nucleotide heterogeneity at the terminal ends of the genomes of two California Citrus tristeza virus strains and their complete...
- Closterovirus, also known as beet yellows viral group, is a genus of viruses, in the family Closteroviridae. (wikipedia.org)
- Five isolates of a new putative member of the genus Closterovirus, tentatively named blackcurrant leafroll associated virus 1 (BcLRaV-1), were identified in currant. (preprints.org)
- Phylogenetic analysis showed that BcLRaV-1 is related to members of the genus Closterovirus and recombination analysis of the isolates showed clear evidences of intraspecies recombination. (preprints.org)
- GLRaV-2 is the only closterovirus, so far, that matches the genome organization of the type member of the group, BYV, and thus can be unambiguously classified as a definitive member of the genus Closterovirus. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Members of the genus Closterovirus whose genomes have been sequenced show three types of genome organization exemplified by those of BYV (Figure 1. (ictvonline.org)
- Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
- Genome organisation of the two representatives of the genus Closterovirus . (els.net)
- CTV is a single-stranded positive sense RNA virus belonging to genus Closterovirus in Closteroviridae family. (hindawi.com)
- CTV is in the genus Closterovirus and it is limited to the phloem tissues of its host. (tsusinvasives.org)
- A new member of the genus Closterovirus was detected in Platycodon grandiflorus using high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis. (bvsalud.org)
- Phylogenetic analysis of HSP70h sequences places PlaCV1 alongside other members of the genus Closterovirus in the family Closteroviridae. (bvsalud.org)
- BYV, the type species of the Closterovirus genus, has aphid vectors. (centrallakesclinic.biz)
- Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of grapevine leafroll-associated virus-2 are similar to beet yellows virus, the closterovirus type member. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- To reveal the function of HSP70h in closterovirus infection, we have employed a reverse-genetic approach on a cDNA clone of a prototype closterovirus, beet yellows virus (BYV). (pnas.org)
- Attempts were made to determine more precisely the structure and properties of a closterovirus, beet yellows virus (BYV), and a luteovirus, beet mild yellowing virus (BMYV), by scanning transmission electron microscopy, optical diffraction of electron images and acrylamide gel electrophoresis. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Abbas, H. / Elimination of citrus tristeza closterovirus (ctv) and production of certified citrus plants through shoot-tip micrografting . (elsevier.com)
- Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), a phloem-limited closterovirus, induces economically important stem-pitting diseases of citrus. (unl.edu)
- It was later realized that the cause of the quick decline and stem pitting of citrus species was the tristeza closterovirus. (tsusinvasives.org)
- Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is a member of the closterovirus with filamentous particle about 2000x11 nm in size which is transmitted infected budwood and spread various aphid species (Yokomi et al . (scialert.net)
- Closterovirus Cucumber yellows virus, Closterovirus Muskmelon yellows virus. (wa.gov.au)
- The complete genome sequence of this new virus isolate, tentatively named "platycodon closterovirus 1" (PlaCV1), comprises 16,771 nucleotides with nine predicted open reading frames (ORFs) having the typical closterovirus genome organization. (bvsalud.org)
- The family comprises four genera, Closterovirus , Ampelovirus , Crinivirus and Velarivirus , which differ in genome type (monopartite, bipartite or tripartite) and size, and in epidemiological behaviour. (els.net)
- A characterising trait of three genera ( Closterovirus, Ampelovirus and Crinivirus ) is the type of vectors that mediate transmission from host to host. (els.net)
- To facilitate studies of the function of HSP70 homolog (HSP70h) in viral infection, the beet yellows closterovirus (BYV) was modified to express green fluorescent protein. (pnas.org)
- Putative 65 kDa protein of beet yellows closterovirus is a homologue of HSP70 heat shock proteins. (expasy.org)
- HSP70-related 65 kDa protein of beet yellows closterovirus is a microtubule-binding protein. (termsreign.ga)
- In vitro transcripts from cloned cDNAs of the lettuce infectious yellows closterovirus bipartite genomic RNAs are competent for replication in Nico. (nih.gov)
- In vitro transcripts from cloned cDNAs of the lettuce infectious yellows closterovirus bipartite genomic RNAs are competent for replication in Nicotiana benthamiana protoplasts. (nih.gov)
- Viruses in Closterovirus are non-enveloped, with flexuous and Filamentous geometries. (wikipedia.org)
- Thus, organization of the BYSV genome is intermediate between that of BYV and CTV, suggesting that these three viruses might represent three distinct stages in closterovirus evolution. (ictvonline.org)
- These data also indicated that the C-terminally truncated PVX CP lacked a movement function which could be provided in trans by the CPs of other filamentous viruses, whereas another movement determinant specified by some region outside the most C-terminal part of the PVX CP could not be complemented either by potyvirus or closterovirus CPs. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- CTV is a member of the closterovirus group of plant viruses with long flexuous rod-shaped particles. (ufl.edu)
- Full-length cloned cDNAs of lettuce infectious yellows closterovirus (LIYV) RNAs 1 and 2 were constructed and fused to the bacteriophage T3 RNA polymerase promoter. (nih.gov)
- These data demonstrate that LIYV genomic RNAs are competent for replication in mesophyll protoplasts and that infectious in vitro transcripts can be derived from the cloned cDNAs of a closterovirus genome. (nih.gov)
- The development of this protoplast system is significant for studies of closterovirus replication. (apsnet.org)
- Closterovirus coat protein (IPR002679) This family consist of coat proteins from closterovirus, which belong to the Closteroviridae, which have a positive strand ssRNA genome with no DNA stage during replication. (ebi.ac.uk)
- Greenhouse whitefly vectors closteroviruses that affect cucurbitaceous species and, Tomato Infectious Chlorosis ClosteroVirus (TICV). (agriculture-xprt.com)
- En este trabajo se estimó la estructura poblacional y variación genética del virus del amarillamiento de las venas de la papa (PYVV) infectando cultivos en Colombia por medio del análisis de 69 secuencias nucleotídicas y aminoácidos deducidos de la proteína mayor de la cápside (CP) reportados en el banco de genes (GenBank). (scielo.org.co)
- This closterovirus penetrates the host cell and proceeds to release the viral genomic RNA into the cell's cytoplasm. (tsusinvasives.org)
- Closterovirus infection and mealybug exposure are necessary for the development of mealybug wilt of pineapple disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Furthermore, we suggest that sequencing one million reads will provide sufficient genome coverage specifically for closterovirus detection. (biomedcentral.com)
- These data demonstrated that the potyvirus CPs and both the major and minor CPs of beet yellows closterovirus could complement cell-to-cell movement of PVX.CP-Xho but not PVX.ΔCP. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Closterovirus ), CTV (Figure 2. (ictvonline.org)
- In Iran, a survey was carried out in central Mazandaran (near the Caspian Sea) in 1996, to determine the possible spread of citrus tristeza closterovirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) from the initial infested foci (Mahdasht orchards in Sari). (eppo.int)