Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
Volume of circulating ERYTHROCYTES . It is usually measured by RADIOISOTOPE DILUTION TECHNIQUE.
Method for determining the circulating blood volume by introducing a known quantity of foreign substance into the blood and determining its concentration some minutes later when thorough mixing has occurred. From these two values the blood volume can be calculated by dividing the quantity of injected material by its concentration in the blood at the time of uniform mixing. Generally expressed as cubic centimeters or liters per kilogram of body weight.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The quantity of volume or surface area of CELLS.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations. These substances do not enhance the oxygen- carrying capacity of blood, but merely replace the volume. They are also used to treat dehydration.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Solutions having the same osmotic pressure as blood serum, or another solution with which they are compared. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Solutions that have a lesser osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the RESIDUAL VOLUME and the EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is FRC.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body. It may result in hypovolemic shock (see SHOCK).
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
The lung volume at which the dependent lung zones cease to ventilate presumably as a result of airway closure.
Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
The total amount (cell number, weight, size or volume) of tumor cells or tissue in the body.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
The extra volume of air that can be expired with maximum effort beyond the level reached at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. Common abbreviation is ERV.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
The act of BREATHING in.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Starches that have been chemically modified so that a percentage of OH groups are substituted with 2-hydroxyethyl ether groups.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
Liquid components of living organisms.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.
The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Solutions that have a greater osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.
An increase in the excretion of URINE. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the LEFT ATRIUM.
The geometric and structural changes that the HEART VENTRICLES undergo, usually following MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. It comprises expansion of the infarct and dilatation of the healthy ventricle segments. While most prevalent in the left ventricle, it can also occur in the right ventricle.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
The amount of a gas taken up, by the pulmonary capillary blood from the alveolar gas, per minute per unit of average pressure of the gradient of the gas across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A diagnostic technique that incorporates the measurement of molecular diffusion (such as water or metabolites) for tissue assessment by MRI. The degree of molecular movement can be measured by changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with time, as reflected by tissue microstructure. Diffusion MRI has been used to study BRAIN ISCHEMIA and tumor response to treatment.
The pressure due to the weight of fluid.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The physical space or dimensions of a facility. Size may be indicated by bed capacity.
The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART VENTRICLES.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.
Elongated gray mass of the neostriatum located adjacent to the lateral ventricle of the brain.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Method for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of dye into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.
Discharge of URINE, liquid waste processed by the KIDNEY, from the body.
Radiotherapy where there is improved dose homogeneity within the tumor and reduced dosage to uninvolved structures. The precise shaping of dose distribution is achieved via the use of computer-controlled multileaf collimators.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Tissue NECROSIS in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Brain infarction is the result of a cascade of events initiated by inadequate blood flow through the brain that is followed by HYPOXIA and HYPOGLYCEMIA in brain tissue. Damage may be temporary, permanent, selective or pan-necrosis.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The movement of the BLOOD as it is pumped through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Hospital department which administers all departmental functions and the provision of surgical diagnostic and therapeutic services.
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
That part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT or the air within the respiratory tract that does not exchange OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE with pulmonary capillary blood.
Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)
These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
A complex of gadolinium with a chelating agent, diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA see PENTETIC ACID), that is given to enhance the image in cranial and spinal MRIs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)
Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
The position or attitude of the body.
A measure of the size of PLATELETS.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Mechanical devices used to produce or assist pulmonary ventilation.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Disturbances in the body's WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
Non-invasive methods of visualizing the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the brain, by various imaging modalities.
The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).
Reduction of blood viscosity usually by the addition of cell free solutions. Used clinically (1) in states of impaired microcirculation, (2) for replacement of intraoperative blood loss without homologous blood transfusion, and (3) in cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia.
The separation of particles from a suspension by passage through a filter with very fine pores. In ultrafiltration the separation is accomplished by convective transport; in DIALYSIS separation relies instead upon differential diffusion. Ultrafiltration occurs naturally and is a laboratory procedure. Artificial ultrafiltration of the blood is referred to as HEMOFILTRATION or HEMODIAFILTRATION (if combined with HEMODIALYSIS).
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.

Surfactant effects in model airway closure experiments. (1/8)

The capillary instability that occurs on an annular film lining a tube is studied as a model of airway closure. Small waves in the film can amplify and form a plug across the tube. This dynamical behavior is studied using theoretical models and bench-top experiments. Our model predicts the initial growth rate of the instability and its dependence on surfactant effects. In experiments, an annular film is formed by infusion of water into an initially oil-filled glass capillary tube. The thickness of the oil film varies with the infusion flow rate. The instability growth rate and closure time are measured for a range of film thicknesses. Our theory predicts that a thinner film and higher surfactant activity enhance stability; surfactant can decrease the growth rate to 25% of its surfactant-free value. In experiments, we find that surfactant can decrease the growth rate to 20% and increase the closure time by a factor of 3.8. Functional values of a critical film thickness for closure support the theory that it increases in the presence of surfactant.  (+info)

The lung volume at which shunting occurs with inhalation anesthesia. (2/8)

The relationship between functional residual capacity (FRC) and shunt development with halothane anesthesia in 18 nonobese surgical patients (age, 21-34 yr) was studied. FRC was measured by helium dilution, and intrapulmonary shunt was distinguished from ventilation-perfusion inequality by multiple tracer inert gas elimination analysis. Awake supine FRC was 34.6 +/- 6.6% (mean +/- SD) of total lung capacity (TLC), and closing capacity (CC) was 29.8 +/- 5.3% of TLC. Anesthesia, muscle paralysis, tracheal intubation, and mechanical ventilation produced an average 14.6 +/- 13.3% FRC reduction to an average anesthesia FRC 29.8% of TLC (P = 0.002). Shunt increased from 1.2% +/- 1.5% awake to 8.6 +/- 8.3% during anesthesia (P = 0.005). A nonlinear relationship was found between shunt and FRC/TLC so that anesthetized subjects with an FRC less than awake CC had an average 11.4 +/- 8.3% shunt, whereas subjects with an FRC greater than CC had a 2.4 +/- 2.8% shunt (P = 0.025). Nonsmokers developed shunt only if FRC was less than CC. Smokers showed a significantly higher shunt for a given (FRC-CC)/TLC compared to nonsmokers (P less than 0.001). The slope of the regression of shunt on BMI (body mass index = weight/height2) showed a significant increase during anesthesia (P = 0.005), and smokers had a significantly higher slope compared to nonsmokers (P = 0.001). These findings suggest a gravity-dependent mechanism for intrapulmonary shunting during anesthesia. Therefore, shunting was due to dependent regional lung volume reduction associated with an FRC decrease to less than closing capacity. The enhanced intrapulmonary shunting in smokers may have been related to the increased dependent regional residual volume associated with smoking.  (+info)

Pulmonary densities during anesthesia with muscular relaxation--a proposal of atelectasis. (3/8)

Twenty patients (23-76 yr) were studied with regard to lung tissue changes prior to and following induction of general anesthesia with muscular relaxation, and another four subjects were studied for a longer period awake. The transverse thoracic area and the structure of the lung tissue were determined by computerized tomography. No abnormalities in the lung tissue were noted before anesthesia. Within 5 min after induction, including muscular relaxation, all subjects had developed crest-shaped changes of increased density in the dependent regions of both lungs. They were largest in the most caudal segment (4.8 +/- 0.8% of the transverse lung area, mean +/- SE) and smaller in the cephalad exposures (3.4 +/- 0.7% of the transverse area). The size of the densities showed no correlation to age. The densities did not increase after a further 20 min of anesthesia and were not affected by the inspiratory oxygen fraction. When the subjects were moved from the supine to the lateral position, the crest-shaped densities disappeared in the nondependent lung and remained in the dorsal part of the dependent lung. The application of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cmH2O eliminated or reduced the densities. The four awake subjects showed no lung densities after 90 min in the supine position. It is suggested that these crest-shaped densities represent atelectases, which develop by compression of lung tissue rather than by resorption of gas.  (+info)

A factor analytic approach to an effective lung function screening protocol. (4/8)

Interrelationships among simple indices of pulmonary function derived from flow-volume curves and single-breath nitrogen tests were investigated by performing a factor analysis on data obtained from a generally healthy office working population (n = 388). Smoking was regarded as the major contribution to pulmonary dysfunction. Delta nitrogen was largely independent of all other measures, while flow-volume measures, including flow rates at high and low lung volumes, were highly intercorrelated but largely independent of closing volume and closing capacity. Delta nitrogen was most affected by smoking in both sexes. Scores derived from flow-volume measurements and from closing-volume measurements were significantly different, on the average, between male smokers and male nonsmokers. The methods and results presented prove to be useful in the design of protocols for effective pulmonary testing of large populations.  (+info)

Contribution of the closure of pulmonary units to impaired oxygenation during anesthesia. (5/8)

Associations between airway closure, alveolar-arterial oxygen tension difference (A-aDO2), and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) were investigated in anesthetized, paralyzed, artifically ventilated patients. The difference between closing capacity (CC) and functional residual capacity (FRC) was measured with a modified standard technique using a bolus of N2 to detect airway closure in denitrogenated patients. At FIO2 = 0.4 during anesthesia before application of PEEP, A-aDO2 was larger than expected in comparable conscious subjects and increased at about 1 mmHg/yr of age. CC was below FRC in young subjects but above FRC in older subjects, the two coinciding at about age 43 yr. Thus, during anesthesia both A-aDO2 and CC-FRC increased with age. The proximity and point of coincidence of CC and FRC suggested that CC is reduced during anesthesia. In patients whose CC exceeded FRC, imposition of PEEP estimated to be sufficient to elevate FRC above CC decreased A-aDO2 to a level comparable to that in patients exhibiting airway closure below FRC without PEEP. Patients in whom CC was initially below FRC failed to improve oxygenation with PEEP. At least half of the decrease in A-aDO2 associated with application of PEEP persisted for 20-30 min after the withdrawal of PEEP, although the withdrawal resulted in an immediate recurrence of airway closure above FRC. The authors conclude that closure of pulmonary units operates in some circumstances to contribute to pulmonary dysfunction in anesthetized patients but is neither the only nor necessarily the most important such mechanism.  (+info)

Closing volume during normal pregnancy. (6/8)

Serial lung function studies were performed in ten healthy, primiparous women aged 21--28. Measurements were made at two-monthly intervals during pregnancy and included functional residual capacity (FRC), total lung capacity (TLC), vital capacity (VC), specific conductance (SGaw) and closing volume (CV) on each occasion. Closing volume expressed as formular: (see text), showed a progressive rise during pregnancy in all subjects with a linear relationship to time (P less than 0.001, P greater than 0.01, respectively). No consistent changes in lung volume could be shown during pregnancy over the study period. It is suggested that the increase in closing volume during pregnancy might result in abnormalities of distribution of ventilation sufficient to explain the maternal blood gas disturbances of pregnancy.  (+info)

Reproducibility of pulmonary function tests under laboratory and field conditions. (7/8)

The reproducibility of pulmonary function tests in the laboratory and in a mobile field survey vehicle has been studied. Groups of laboratory workers were studied at base and a random sample of 38 coalminers was examined in the mobile laboratory. The intra-subject variability of some newer tests of lung function, including closing volume and maximum flow at low lung volumes, has been compared with that of well-established tests, such as lung volumes and forced expiratory volume from two measurements made more than one day apart. Most measurements were slightly less reproducible in the study of coalminers than in the laboratory personnel. Conventional tests, such as forced expiratory volume in one second, lung volumes, single breath CO transfer factor, and exercise ventilation were very reproducible, the coefficients of variation (cov) being generally between 5% and 10%. The closing volume test, maximum expiratory flow at low lung volumes, and the single breath N2 index were less reproducible: cov between 15% and 39% in the miners. The forced expired time and volume of isoflow, measured only on laboratory workers, however, exhibited greater reproducibility than previously reported (cov = 10% and 15% respectively). It is suggested that, when assessing the repeatability of lung function tests, account should be taken of the circumstances in which the intra-subject variability was measured.  (+info)

Mechanisms of reduced pulmonary function after a saturation dive. (8/8)

Deep saturation diving has been shown to have prolonged effects on pulmonary function. We wanted to assess the relative contribution of various factors that could contribute to these effects. Pulmonary function was, therefore, measured before and after 17 different saturation diving operations to depths of 5-450 m of sea water, corresponding to absolute pressures of 0.15-4.6 MPa. Four to fifteen divers participated in each operation. The measurements included static and dynamic lung volumes and flows, transfer factor of the lungs for carbon monoxide (TLCO), and closing volume. The dives were characterized by the cumulative hyperoxic and hyperbaric exposures, and the load of venous gas microemboli encountered during decompression was measured in 41 divers in three dives to 0.25, 1.2 and 3.7 MPa. TLCO was reduced by 8.3 +/- 7.0% mean +/- SD after the dives, this correlated with cumulative hyperoxic exposure and load of venous gas microembolism, independently of each other. Closing volume was increased and forced mid-expiratory flow rate reduced, in correlation with cumulative hyperoxic exposure. An increase in total lung capacity correlated with cumulative hyperbaric exposure. We conclude that hyperoxia, hyperbaria, and venous gas microembolism all contribute to the changes in pulmonary function after a single saturation dive, and all may explain some of the long-term effects of diving on pulmonary function.  (+info)

TY - GEN. T1 - Effect of ovalbumin and anti-foam B on the survivability of spore forming bacteria collected in a Wetted Wall Cyclone. AU - Kassab, Asmaa S.. AU - King, Maria D.. AU - Guo, Bing. AU - McFarland, Andrew R.. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - The effect of different collection fluids in maintaining the survivability, defined as the culturability in the archived sample divided by the culturability in the as-collected sample, were experimentally determined for Bacillus globigii (BG). The spores were collected using a 100 L/min Wetted Wall Cyclone (WWC) and archived for five days at 25°C and 4°C. Aqueous solutions of 0.01% Tween20 and 30% Ethylene glycol (EG), with or without 0.5% ovalbumin (OA), were used as collection fluids with 0.2% Antifoam B (A-F). The spores were more stable in EG and at 4°C, very likely due to the surfactant effect of the Tween20, which would remove the spore coat and initiate germination. Adding OA significantly increased the survivability, especially at RT while ...
A common non-ionic surfactant, Triton X-100, was used to modify the chemical bath deposition (CBD) of CdS buffer layers on Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin films. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) data demonstrate that films produced with the surfactant have about the same levels of impurities as films grown without it. For thin, ~130 ..ANG.. CdS layers and relative to devices made without the surfactant, average absolute cell efficiencies were increased from 10.5% to 14.8%, or by a relative 41%. Visual inspection of the CdS depositions reveals one possible mechanism of the surfactants effects: bubbles that form and adhere to the CIGS surface during the CBD reaction are almost completely eliminated with the addition of the TX-100. Thus, pinholes and thin areas in the CdS layers caused by poor wetting of the substrate surface are sharply reduced, leading to large increases in the open circuit voltage in devices produced with the surfactant.
Al-Atta, Ammar Jaber (2018) Supercritical water oxidation of hazardous waste: process enhancement and reactor design. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham. Al-Shara, Nawar Kader Augla (2018) Splitting steam via eutectic molten hydroxide assisted electrolysis for hydrogen gas production. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham. Argyriou, Dimitrios (2018) Effect of cysteine on different durum wheat flour fractions. Relationships between descriptive rheology and baking properties. MRes thesis, University of Nottingham. Bridge, Christopher P. (2018) Biomass co-firing to improve the burn-out of unreactive coals in pulverised fuel combustion. EngD thesis, University of Nottingham. Canning, Anne (2018) Enzyme responsive surfaces: towards a smart cell-material interface. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham. Cavanagh, Robert (2018) An investigation into mechanisms of non-ionic surfactant effect on epithelial cells. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham. DeLaney, Erica Noel (2018) Photochemistry and ...
Mrs. Hall was a frequent visitor to the pulmonary unit in the small urban community hospital. She acquired COPD from years of smoking, gained 30 pounds and needed frequent medication changes just to maintain her current oxygenation needs. Alex was the nurse assigned to care for Mrs. Hall and remembered her from previous admissions. What Alex didnt realize was that Mrs. Hall lived alone and had been cared for inconsistently by multiple unlicensed caregivers since her last discharge. Since Alex knew the patient and was unusually busy that shift, the admission assessment was unfortunately swift and incomplete.. Tara, a new physical therapist, was assigned to evaluate Mrs. Halls mobility. Before the assessment, she read the patients history and physical exam report and quickly identified Mrs. Hall as being at high risk for pressure ulcers. Tara asked Alex and a nursing student, Angela, to help her with getting Mrs. Hall out of bed. Without hesitation, both the nurse and the nursing student ...
Abstract: We present a large range of experimental data concerning the influence of surfactants on the well-known Landau-Levich-Derjaguin experiment where a liquid film is generated by pulling a plate out of a bath. The thickness h of the film was measured as a function of the pulling velocity V for different kinds of surfactants (C12E6, which is a nonionic surfactant, and DeTAB and DTAB, which are ionic) and at various concentrations near and above the critical micellar concentration (cmc). We report the thickening factor alpha = h/h(LLD), where h(LLD) is the film thickness obtained without a surfactant effect, i.e., as for a pure fluid but with the same viscosity and surface tension as the surfactant solution, over a wide range of capillary numbers (Ca = eta V/gamma, with eta being the surfactant solution viscosity and gamma its surface tension) and identify three regimes: (i) at small Ca alpha is large due to confinement and surface elasticity (or Marangoni) effects, (ii) for increasing Ca ...
Video articles in JoVE include Studying Surfactant Effects on Hydrate Crystallization at Oil-Water Interfaces using a Low-Cost Integrated Modular Peltier Device, In Vitro Model of Human Cutaneous Hypertrophic Scar using Macromolecular Crowding, Potato Virus X-based microRNA Silencing (VbMS) In Potato., Performing Colonoscopic-Guided Pinch Biopsies in Mice and Evaluating Subsequent Tissue Changes, Transcriptome-Wide Profiling of Protein-RNA Interactions by Cross-Linking and Immunoprecipitation Mediated by FLAG-Biotin Tandem Purification, Rapid, Seamless Generation of Recombinant Poxviruses using Host Range and Visual Selection, Application of Atomic Force Microscopy to Detect Early Osteoarthritis, A 3D Spheroid Model for Glioblastoma, A Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry (HDX-MS) Platform for Investigating Peptide Biosynthetic Enzymes, Using a Chemical Biopsy for Graft Quality Assessment.
The policy of the Navy Experimental Diving Unit ( NEDU) is that before issuing this drug, the diver had to place the patch and wear it 24 hours on dry land and then be interviewed by one of the Diving Medical Officers to ensure there were no undesirable side effects before diving. The patch had then to be placed four hours before leaving shore, but once in place, it could be worn even while diving. The only problem was, that since it was placed behind an ear, it would sometimes fall off without being noticed until that queasy feeling set in. Before it could be decided to recommend it for general use in Navy divers, the US Navy performed a study where divers on a 18-msw air saturation dive that lasted five days were each given a patch containing either the scopolamine or a placebo. It was a blinded study - that is, none of the diver subjects knew which patch they received. Divers performed psychomotor studies several times during the dive and were also asked to write down anything that occurred ...
The Financial Reporting Council (FRC) is starting the next periodic review of FRS 102 (and other UK and Ireland accounting standards).
An accomplished amateur out of brooklyn, ferrer owns a 2012 new york amateur boxing championship and a 2013 new york daily news golden gloves championship. He
"TRID Loans Closing; Planet Home Finalizes Deal; Vendor Frenzy: New Products, M&A". Mortgage News Daily. Retrieved 2016-10-29. " ... "Top Overall Volume: Scotsman Guide's Top Mortgage Lenders 2015". Scotsman Guide. Retrieved 2016-10-29. "Top 100 Mortgage ... "Top Retail Volume: Scotsman Guide's Top Mortgage Lenders 2014". Scotsman Guide. Retrieved 2016-10-29. "HomeBidge Financial ...
Volume II. entry in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame catalog. Hix, Lisa (March 3, 2015). "Like Iggy Pop? Thank Your Grandparents ... "Closing the Books" Pitchfork. Marc Masters and Grayson Currin, November 29, 2011 "Reviews: Take Me to the Water: Immersion ... Volume Two: The International Discography of the New Wave. B. George and Martha DeFoe with Henry Beck, Nancy Breslow and Jim ... and obtained a job cataloging independently-produced punk rock and new wave recordings for the book VOLUME TWO: International ...
Volume XVII No 3 (67) Spring 1988. ISSN 0377-919X. Page 221. Chronology compiled by Katherine M. LaRiviere Ross, Michael The ... Avi Issacharoff and Amos Harel (19 October 2007). "Closing the Arad file?". Retrieved 14 December 2011. Margaret Hall, American ... An Interview with Ehud Barak). New York Review of Books, Volume 49, Number 10. 13 June 2002. Retrieved online, 15 August 2009 ...
Gyory, Closing the Gate, pg. 112. The Boston Globe, August 6, 1878, cited in Gyory, Closing the Gate, pg. 112. New York Tribune ... One of his trademarks was to gradually increase the volume of his speech until it reached fever pitch, then dramatically throw ... "The Boston Journal," July 25, 1878, cited in Gyory, Closing the Gate, pg. 112. Gyory, Closing the Gate, pg. 129. Hsiao, Andrew ... Cincinnati Gazette, August 24, 1878, cited in Gyory, Closing the Gate, pg. 115. Soennischen, p 53 Gyory, Closing the Gate, pg. ...
Volume 2: Chapter XXV: "Closing in 1911-1912" "AIA Presidents". American Institute of Architects. Retrieved June 4, 2008. ... ISBN 0-609-60844-4. Moore, Charles (1921). "XXV "Closing in 1911-1912"". Daniel H. Burnham, Architect, Planner of Cities, ... Volume 2. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. p. 1921. Stolze, Greg (February 2002). Unknown Armies. St Paul, Minneapolis ...
"Manchester Evening Chronicle closing down". The Times. 26 July 1963. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 23 ... Gleanings and Memoranda, Volume 58. National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations. 1923. p. 589. Newspaper Changes: ...
"Closing of the Pelican Club". Bridport News. 8 January 1892. Retrieved 2 March 2018 - via British Newspaper Archive. "Old ... Law Times, the Journal and Record of the Law and Lawyers, Volume 132. The Ohio State University (MORITZ LAW LIBRARY): Office of ... Public Opinion: A Weekly Review of Current Thought and Activity, Volume 72. The Ohio State University: G. Cole. 1897. p. 775. " ... Parliament (1826). The Parliamentary Debates, Volume 14. Published under the superintendence of T.C. Hansard. p. 657. Irvine, ...
But tonight the Mobile Beacon's owner tells NBC 15 she's not closing. Jones 1983, p. 26. "About The Nationalist. [volume] ( ... volume] (Grove Hill, Ala.) 18??-185?". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-02-06. Jones 1983, p. 25. Danky ... volume] (Mobile, Ala.) 1981-current". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-02-06. "About The Press forum ... volume] (Selma, Ala.) 1886-189?". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-02-06. Jones 1983, p. 31. "About The ...
"Hardlines Volume vi, #1". Retrieved 2019-06-06. "Marks & Spencer closing Canadian stores". CBC News. 1999-04-28. Retrieved 2019 ...
Handgrippers: Closing The Gap. MILO: A Journal For Serious Strength Athletes, Volume 4 - Number 2 (July 1996), pp. 22- 23. ... 4, Closing grippers of this strength level has been compared to crushing a raw potato in one's bare hand. In 2011, IronMind ... "Tools of the trade for serious strength athletes . . . most of them unique, all of them top quality". Volume 1 - Number 1, 1990 ... MILO: A Journal For Serious Strength Athletes, Volume 5 - Number 2 (September 1997), pp. 29 - 32). IronMind. Piche, Bill. The ...
Event occurs at Closing credits. Adult Swim. "The Three Yukiatsus". Ghost Slayers Ayashi. Episode 19. Event occurs at Closing ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "A First Rendezvous of Tears?!". Saint Tail - Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 7. Tokyopop. ... Event occurs at Closing credits. "Stray Dog Strut". Cowboy Bebop. Episode 2. September 2, 2001. Event occurs at Closing credits ... Event occurs at Closing credits, Main English Cast. The Disappearance of Haruhi Suzumiya. 2011. Event occurs at Closing credits ...
In 2008, it slipped to second place.)" In 2018, Three Floyds cracked the top 50 list of Brewing companies by sales volume ... Pete, Joseph S. (December 16, 2020). "3 Floyds Permanently Closing Munster Brewpub". The Times of Northwest Indiana. Retrieved ... "BREWERS ASSOCIATION RELEASES 2018 TOP 50 BREWING COMPANIES BY SALES VOLUME". www.brewersassociation.org. March 12, 2019. "Beers ...
"Flagbearers for the Closing Ceremony" (PDF). Retrieved March 2, 2010. "Vancouver 2010 Official Report - Volume 2" (PDF). ...
"Laboratory School shuts down". The Work Volume 67 No. 4. April 2016. "Tarlac State University Dance Troupe wins in Moscow Dance ... "Tarlac school prexy assailed for closing school". Punto Central Luzon. Retrieved 23 July 2016. " ... "TSU sits new President". The Work Volume 65 No. 4. March 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016. "Campus Tour". Retrieved 8 August 2016 ...
Bruce DeMara (9 October 2012). "Toronto Women's Bookstore closing after 39 years". Toronto Star. Keinlin (2006) Lehay, Anita ( ... Canadian Medical Association Journal, Volume 147, p. 1528. 1992. ...
Muir, John Kenneth (2007). "Part 1: New TV Series". TV Year, Volume 1: The Prime Time 2005-2006 Season. New York City: Applause ... Closing credits for "Who Ya Gonna Call?": Psych, The Complete First Season (DVD). NBCUniversal. ...
A second volume called About Time Too: 1940-1978 was published in 1993. A third volume, Closing Time, remains unpublished. ... Mortimer wrote two volumes of autobiography. About Time: An Aspect of Autobiography (1979), which covered her life until 1939, ...
Volume four, p. 168, Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, ISBN 0-9693422-1-7. Volume four, p. 169, Encyclopedia of ... In early 2000 Unilever made the announcement that it will be closing the manufacturing plant in St. John's. The process of ... Newfoundland and Labrador, ISBN 0-9693422-1-7. Cox, Kevin (September 6, 2003). "Historic Newfoundland Margarine plant closing ...
Later in the year, the company announced that notional volumes on its platform exceeded $12 billion. In March 2016, the company ... In September 2019, Tradeweb and Intercontinental Exchange launched Tradeweb ICE U.S. Treasury Closing Prices, which calculates ... In December 2016, the firm announced record volume of $7.9 trillion across its platforms during November, making it the most ... In 2019, Tradeweb's average daily volume across all asset classes exceeded $815 billion. Lee Olesky is the current CEO of ...
Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language Cast. Samurai Girl Real Bout High School anime, closing credits Official ... Love Hina, Volume 5 - Summer By The Sea. Bandai (DVD). 2002. ISBN 9781594097201. - select Extras, Credits, page to "Featuring ... Episode 3. Event occurs at Closing credits, English adaptation, English Voice Cast. Toole, Mike (October 16, 2003). "Gate ... ISBN 9781462893195.[self-published source] "I Hate Wedding Veils!". Saint Tail - Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 4. Tokyopop. ...
Price, Matlack, "The Problem of the Pediment," The Architectural Forum, July 1925, Volume XLIII, Number 1, pp. 1. Webb, Pamela ... "Education Top Recommended Reuse for Closing Germantown High". NBC 10 Philadelphia. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Girard Trust ... Levy, Florence Nightingale (1917). American Art Directory, Volume 14. R.R. Bowker. p. 556. Retrieved 17 December 2016. ... Ohio Historic Places Dictionary, Volume 2 (Somerset Publishers, 1999), p. 1301. Pediment - Ameritrust Corporation, from SIRIS. ...
"I Hate Wedding Veils!". Saint Tail - Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 4. Tokyopop. Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language ...
Volume 2: Democracy. (2005). 440 pp. Bolton, Geoffrey. The Oxford History of Australia: Volume 5: 1942-1995. The Middle Way ( ... and targets for closing the inequality gap were not met for employment and child literacy and numeracy. Targets for closing the ... Volume 2, pp 511-12 Bashford and MacIntyre (eds) The Cambridge History of Australia, Volume 2, pp 178-9, 532 "Australia's Prime ... Volume 2: 1770-1860 Possessions (1995) Macintyre, Stuart. The Oxford History of Australia: Volume 4: 1901-42, the Succeeding ...
"I Hate Wedding Veils!". Saint Tail - Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 4. Tokyopop. Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language ... Event occurs at Closing credits. Adult Swim. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Ben Diskin, Michelle Ruff Star as Satoru ... Event occurs at Closing credits. Adult Swim. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Arrival × At × The Arena". Hunter × ... RWBY Volume 6, Chapter 8 "Dead End" Strait Jacket (DVD). Manga Video. October 7, 2008. OCLC 244206876. Lee, Mela [@TheMelaLee ...
Tiernan, Joe (2 November 2003). "Net is closing in on Dublin car bombers". Dublin: Irish Independent. Retrieved 4 May 2011. ... Wharton, Ken (2013). Wasted Years, Wasted Lives, Volume 1. Solihull: Helion & Company. p. 106 Seeing Red. John Weir affidavit 3 ... Volume 1 that the accusations against Hanna having been involved in loyalist paramilitary activities were unsubstantiated. RUC ...
Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 4. Tokyopop. Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language Production. Steve Kramer at IMDb Steve ...
"Railway Station Destroyed". United Press Association via Colonist, Volume LII, Issue 12695. 13 November 1909. "Weekly Roundup ... Closing Dates of Railway Stations" (PDF). Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January ...
"I Hate Wedding Veils!". Saint Tail - Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 4. Tokyopop. Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language ... Episode 4. Event occurs at Closing credits, English dub cast. Marmalade Boy. Episode 1. Event occurs at Closing credits, ... Liam O'Brien is a riot and a half as Fukuyama in this volume, and his character ought to go terrorize more girls just so we can ... Event occurs at Closing credits. "Shuto Con Announces Their First Round of Guests, Including Guest of Honor". Anime News ...
"Westfield Station closing permanently from 12 March 2017". Auckland Transport. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017. "Ticket ... to Ride" e.nz magazine, July/August 2007 Volume 8/4, pages 24-28 Official website. ...
Event occurs at Closing credits, English Language Cast. Batman: Bad Blood (film). 2016. ComicMix Staff (April 21, 2016). "LEGO ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "I Hate Wedding Veils!". Saint Tail - Volume 2 (DVD). Episode 4. Tokyopop. ... Scene: Closing credits, 5 minutes in, Voice Actors, Additional Voices. Avalanche Studios. Mad Max. Warner Bros. Interactive ...
Yamada remembers closing the drawer.. 81. "Chi Learns". Transcription: "Chi, osowaru" (Japanese: チー、教わる。). August 18, 2008 ( ... with its chapters collected in twelve tankōbon volumes. The manga has been licensed for North American distribution by Vertical ...
Premium volume by country (2013) World rank[20] Country Region Premium volume (2013, USD Mil):[20] ...
2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations. ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 24 ... "Turkey, Closing ranks against accountability", Human Rights Watch, 2008. "The traditional Nowrouz/Nowrooz celebrations, mainly ... 2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 620. ISBN 978-1598842067. Nowruz, an ancient spring festival of Persian origin (and the Zoroastrian ...
Frederick Neumann and Ivan Galamian, Contemporary Violin Technique, Volume 2: Double and Multiple Stops in Scale and Arpeggio ... Near the end of this stroke, rotate the hand and wrist as if closing a jar of peanuts. ... Another method sometimes used to increase volume is using greater bow speed; however, a violinist can increase bow speed and ... These mutes are used to drastically reduce the volume when practicing where others can be disturbed. ...
"Doctor Who: Series 5 Volume 4 (Blu-Ray)". BBCshop. Retrieved 18 June 2010.. ... "Doctor Who: Series 5 Volume 4 (DVD)". BBCshop. Retrieved 18 June 2010.. ...
Verdcourt, Bernard; Bridson, Diane M. (1991). Flora of tropical East Africa - Rubiaceae Volume 3. CRC Press. ISBN 978-90-6191- ... The opening and closing of the stomatal aperture is controlled by the stomatal complex and regulates the exchange of gases and ... in Rines (1920) Volume XVII. *. James, S. A.; Bell, D. T. (2000). "Influence of light availability on leaf structure and growth ...
Volume 2, Number 1 (Summer 1997 issue) of The Red Menace. *^ "The Soviet Union Versus Socialism". chomsky.info. Diakses tanggal ... Commoner, B., The Closing Circle, 1972 *^ Mellor, M., Breaking the Boundaries: Towards a Feminist, Green Socialism, 1992 ... Volume 15. Issue 02. Summer 1998. Pg. 305 *^ Mendes, Silva. Socialismo Libertário ou Anarchismo Vol. 1 (1896): "Society should ... Volume 15. Issue 02. Summer 1998. p 305 *^ "What is implied by the term 'libertarian socialism'?: The idea that socialism is ...
There are also concerns at increased accidents and air pollution.[363] The traffic volumes would also cause frequent closings ... Projected passenger volume and expansion plansEdit. Since German reunification, air traffic in Berlin has grown greatly. In ... The A100 and A113 do not have enough lanes to support the expected volume of traffic. The approach to BER was deemed ... 1991, the combined passenger volume of the city's airports was at 7.9 million per year. By 2014, this number had risen to 28 ...
"The Swedes discover Lotus Notes has key escrow!" The Risks Digest, Volume 19, Issue 52, 1997-12-24 ... This provides flexibility to select new text and apply other formatting without closing the dialog box, selecting new text and ...
The volume of immigrants quickly overwhelmed Hospital 1's capacity of 125 beds. As the number of immigrants increased, the ... is managed by the non-profit Save Ellis Island Foundation and has been off-limits to the general public since its closing in ... Ireland, Maj Gen M.W.Ireland (1923). The Medical Department of the US Army During the World War Volume V. https://babel. ...
The work is a mash-up of flash fiction, pop songs, tabloid, commercial, diary, and manifesto, closing with a philosophical ... "Nomadismos lingüísticos y culturales en Yo-Yo Boing! de Giannina Braschi", Revista Iberoamericana, volume 71:211, 437-448, 2005 ... Empire of Dreams was translated by Tess O'Dwyer as the first volume of the Yale Library of World Literature in Translation in ...
In a two-week series the daily cartoon strip Sherman's Lagoon featured the potential closing of the Aquarius facility in the ... CS1: long volume value. *All articles with dead external links. *Articles with dead external links from July 2017 ...
As the British began to withdraw during the closing months of the mandate, civil war erupted in Palestine between the Jews and ... see the House of Commons Debates (Hansard), Volume 427 Column 1682 23/10/46 ... imposing a dawn to dusk curfew on the city roads and closing all cafes, bars, cinemas, and other places of entertainment and ...
Lewisohn, Mark (2013). The Beatles: All These Years: Volume I: Tune In. New York: Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-1-4000-8305-3. .. ... in the closing credits.[322][324] Time Bandits became one of HandMade's most successful and acclaimed efforts; with a budget of ... Winn, John (2009). That Magic Feeling: The Beatles' Recorded Legacy, Volume Two, 1966-1970. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307- ... Badman, Keith (2001) [1999]. The Beatles Diary: Volume 2: After the Break-Up: 1970-2001. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-8307-6 ...
see Steven Brint and Jean Reith Schroedel, eds., Evangelicals and Democracy in America, Volume II: Religion and Politics ( ... in his highly influential The Closing of the American Mind (1987) argues that moral degradation results from ignorance of the ...
He advocated support for farmers in Louisiana who were about to lose their jobs due to the closing of Pilgrim's Pride plants.[ ... "Kill Gil, Volumes I & II" (The Simpsons episode). *"Whatever It Takes" (Imagine Dragons song) ...
The eagles may too maneuver by half-closing both wings or closing one wing.[4][10][53] ... a b c d Palmer, R. S. (Ed.). (1988). Handbook of North American Birds Volume VI: Diurnal Raptors (Part 1). Yale University ... volume=. has extra text (help) *^ Smárason, Hjörtur (29 March 2011). "World's Largest White-tailed Eagle". Archived from the ... "The Museum: Additions Since the Publications of the Last Volume". The Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society: ...
"Kellogg's Ontario plant closing a casualty of changing tastes". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on February 20, ... "Biography - MACKENZIE, WILLIAM LYON - Volume IX (1861-1870)". Dictionary of Canadian Biography.. ... "Fergus plant closing shows Ontario's decline". Toronto Star. November 24, 2013. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. ...
"Morphing structures of the Dionaea muscipula Ellis during the trap opening and closing". Plant Signaling & Behavior. 9 (2): ... British Volume. 77 (2): 219-24. doi:10.1302/0301-620X.77B2.7706334. PMID 7706334.. ...
a b The Jews A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 1: Physique, Archaeology, Domesday, Ecclesiastical Organization, The ... finally closing in 1936 and being demolished in 1960. Other important Jewish theatres were Feinmans, The Jewish National ... Volume 2 Archived 26 April 2005 at the Wayback Machine, Volume 3 Archived 22 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine, and an ... a b Bethnal Green: Settlement and Building to 1836, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11: Stepney, Bethnal Green ( ...
It inflames the mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, throat and lungs.[4] It causes immediate closing of the eyes, difficulty ... Capsaicin is not soluble in water, and even large volumes of water will not wash it off. In general, victims are encouraged to ... is the completely involuntary closing of the eyes (sometimes described as leading to a disconcerting sensation of the eyelids " ...
Report to the Assembly #107, 1894. five volumes. Albany, New York; 1894-1896; Chapter 1376; Section 4; page 1063. ... http://www.ny1.com/content/news/218228/commuters-bemoan-closing-of-rockaway-ferry/[permanent dead link] ... five Volumes. Albany, New York; 1894-1896; Chapter 4; Section 1; Page 122. ... five Volumes. Albany, New York; 1894-1896; Chapter 17; Section 1; Page 268. ...
ref,,ref,{{cite web,title=Mercury Study Report to Congress Volume V: Health Effects of Mercury and Mercury Compounds ,work=EPA- ... When the system began to closing down in the 1960s, a significant number of communities asked that their school remain open. ... title = Federalism and: perspectives for the transformation process in Eastern and Central Europe Volume 2 of George C. ... volume=5 ,issue=3 ,doi=10.18584/iipj.2014.5.3.6 ,doi-access=free ,accessdate=June 27, 2016 ,url-status=live ,archiveurl=https ...
Arbitration report: Arb resignation during plagiarism discussion; election RfC closing in 2 days ... Volume I). Give me a couple weeks though - I have a lot on my plate with one more week of classes followed immediately by exams ...
Williams HS (1904). 》A History of Science: in Five Volumes. Volume IV: Modern Development of the Chemical and Biological ... "Opening and closing the metabolite gate". 》Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America》 ...
a b c d e f g h OPMC Closing the Gap. ... People and Place Volume 8 No 2 Monash University. Retrieved 16 ... At the Sydney 2000 Olympics, Christine Anu sang the song "My Island Home" at the Closing Ceremony.[citation needed] ... "Education , Closing the Gap". Australian Government: Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Retrieved 30 October 2018.. ... "CLOSING THE GAP REPORT 2018". Indigenous Accountants Australia.. *. "Collaborating for Indigenous Rights 1957-1973". National ...
The second edition of Frankenstein was published on 11 August 1823 in two volumes (by G. and W. B. Whittaker) following the ... At the end of Victor's narrative, Captain Walton resumes the telling of the story, closing the frame around Victor's recounting ... It was published in an edition of just 500 copies in three volumes, the standard "triple-decker" format for 19th-century first ... On 31 October 1831, the first "popular" edition in one-volume appeared, published by Henry Colburn & Richard Bentley.[31] This ...
Hello, may I draw the discussant's attention to a new paper of mine, published in a volume on non-reductionist theories of ... Editors desiring to contest the closing decision should consider a move review. No further edits should be made to this section ... volume=323 ,issue=5918 ,pages=1168 ,doi=10.1126/science.323.5918.1168a ,url=http://www.sciencemag.org/content/323/5918/1168.1. ...
Vassilis Polimenis, "Slow and Fast Markets", Journal of Economics and Business, Volume 57, Issue 6, "Transparency and Market ... the closing time is defined by the exchange. For the foreign exchange market, this is until 5 p.m. EST/EDT for all currencies ...
When the first paper volume of Donald Knuth's The Art of Computer Programming was published in 1968,[4] it was typeset using ... and closing again with another of the same symbol. Knuth explained in jest that he chose the dollar sign to indicate the ... When the second edition of the second volume was published, in 1976, the whole book had to be typeset again because the ...
Measurement of closing volume (CV) allows detection of presence or absence of tidal airway closure, i.e. cyclic opening and ... In addition, assessment of the "open volume", as opposed to the "closing volume", is proposed because it is easier to perform ... Closing volume: a reappraisal (1967-2007) Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007 Apr;99(6):567-83. doi: 10.1007/s00421-006-0389-0. Epub 2007 ... Measurement of closing volume (CV) allows detection of presence or absence of tidal airway closure, i.e. cyclic opening and ...
Medical male luer connector with increased closing volume. ... Medical male luer connector with increased closing volume. US ... Material layer volume determination with correction band. US4781702. 16 Jun 1987. 1 Nov 1988. Contempo Products, P. Herrli. ... Automatically-closing connector for connecting a liquid injection head to an injection outlet. ... an increased volume is created within the intermediate region of the housing and near the first portion of the valve member; ...
Home Arts & Culture Archives Closing Sunday at NC Museum of Art: Project 35: Volume II ... PROJECT 35 - Volume II. North Carolina Museum of Art. Part II closes Jan. 13. Part III Jan. 20-March 24. Part IV April 2-June 2 ... Last Saturday, I returned to the small dark room at the NCMA just in time to catch the end of Volume II, which closes on Jan. ... Project 35s Volume II is rounded out with Congolese artist Sammy Balojs "Memory" (2006), with its desolate views of an ...
Volume 3 of The Bulletin, a newsletter series that focuses on key corporate governance and risk management issues for ... As we complete another volume of The Bulletin, one thing is certain: Much has changed in the risk landscape over the past two ... This volume ends at a time when more and more economic indicators suggest the crisis may be ebbing, and Issue 12 highlights ... Volume 3 of The Bulletin, a newsletter series that focuses on key corporate governance and risk management issues for ...
Recent evidence of the magnitude of variability in closing volume manoeuvres suggests that our chosen level of change was too ... and closing volume (CV) in the detection of subjects with byssinosis was carried out in a North Carolina cotton mill. ... A study of the relative sensitivities of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMF), ... In contrast only six workers exhibited a 10% increase in closing capacity, while ten showed a 10% increase in CV. ...
Measurement of closing volume (CV) allows detection of presence or absence of tidal airway closure, i.e. cyclic opening and ... Assessment of closing volume. The terms closing volume (CV) and closing capacity (CC) are used generically to denote the lung ... Closing volume. Figure 3 depicts the original closing volume tracing obtained by Dollfuss et al. (1967) on a normal upright ... is the closing volume (CV). The closing capacity is the sum of CV and the residual volume. Adapted from Dollfuss et al. (1967) ...
The multisociety document lays the groundwork for judging TAVR program performance based on quality of care and volume, while ... the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services is reviewing minimum volume. ... However, "were not interested in closing any centers," he stressed. Rather, low-volume or low-quality TAVR centers should ... on case volumes and must include measured clinical outcomes to avoid restricting TAVR availability in lower-volume, high- ...
A Closing Word. Seasonal Flu. Less Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing. 30(5):302, September-October 2011. ...
Closing gaps, maintaining cadence and removing trampolines: a personal reflection on 20 years in health. ...
Her Light Materials, Volume I. The Lost Magic Golden Closing Curly Bracket. By Verity Stob 20 Jan 2008 at 01:13 ... Anyway, the point is that the magic golden closing curly bracket has gone missing. The comment is unterminated! ... The magic golden closing curly bracket must be recovered at all costs. ... more feminine side we wont really encounter until volume three. ...
Closing the dental divide. Lesley M Russell. Med J Aust 2014; 201 (11): 641-642 Free ...
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology™ is a peer reviewed, multidisciplinary journal that publishes original articles and pertinent review articles on basic and clinical aspects of cardiovascular pharmacology. Appropriate subjects include new drug development and evaluation, physiological and pharmacological bases of drug action, metabolism, drug interactions and side effects, clinical results with new and established agents and novel methods. The focus is on pharmacology in its broadest applications, incorporating not only traditional approaches, but new approaches to the development of pharmacological agents and the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
Galaxy External Display Applications: closing a dataflow interoperability loop *Daniel Blankenberg. *, John Chilton ...
Fight closing of PACCAR truck part plant!. The Seattle Branch of the Marxist- Leninist Party is calling for resistance to the " ... Closing Kenosha Saves No Jobs at Jefferson. When Chrysler announced it would close the Kenosha assembly plant, it claimed that ... Fight the plant closing at Kenosha. Unity with Kenosha, to hell with Iacocca! ... Now its closing. Again it has been proved that concessions dont save jobs -- they just soften the workers up for further ...
He Z, Liu Y, Jing T, Zhang G, Liu H, Wang H. Heart Valve Model with Controllable Closing Volume. Irrigation Machinery ... He, Z, Liu, Y, Jing, T, Zhang, G, Liu, H & Wang, H 2019, Heart Valve Model with Controllable Closing Volume, Irrigation ... He, Z., Liu, Y., Jing, T., Zhang, G., Liu, H., & Wang, H. (2019). Heart Valve Model with Controllable Closing Volume. ... Heart Valve Model with Controllable Closing Volume. / He, Zhaoming; Liu, Yanfang; Jing, Teng; Zhang, Guijie; Liu, Hongyan; Wang ...
Young Bounder Pens Volume. By Randolph Lewis. * Closing the Joint with Geoffrey Young. By Gary Counsil. ...
Part XV: In Closing. The Two Rules For Maintaining Health and Prolonging Life. This sobriety is reduced to two things, quality ... Handbook of Nature Cure Volume One: Nature Cure vs. Medical Science , by John L. Fielder. ...
Manhattan Pharmaceuticals Announces Closing of Joint Venture With Nordic Biotech Manhattan Pharmaceuticals Receives More Than $ ... Targeted Therapies Drive Flexible Small-Volume Manufacturing. Vital strategies for steriles development to ensure more ... Manhattan Pharmaceuticals Announces Closing of Joint Venture With Nordic Biotech Manhattan Pharmaceuticals Receives More Than $ ... AMEX:MHA) today announced the closing of its joint venture agreement with Nordic Biotech Venture Fund II K/S (Nordic) to ...
Exercise and brain volume loss after stroke. Exercise and brain volume loss after stroke. ... Closing inequities in cardiovascular health between Australian women and men. Dr Cheryl Carcel, Institution: University of New ...
Auto workers protest closing of Jefferson Assembly in Detroit. [Photo.]. Shouting "No jobs, no peace," nearly 250 auto workers ... Remember, for example, the marches against plant closings and layoffs by predominantly black workers in Detroit and Flint. Or ... plant closings, and decimation of social services. ... Auto workers protest closing of Jefferson Assembly in Detroit. ...
THE CLOSING. The Closing Ceremony is opened by the cry: "HEKAS, HEKAS, ESTE, BEBELOI!" ...
Closing volume and closing capacity. Closing volume (CV) and closing capacity require accurate determination of SBW phase III ... If residual volume (RV) is known, closing capacity (CC) can be calculated: CC = CV+RV. VT,exp: expired tidal volume. ... Closing volume (CV) is the expired volume (L) from the start of the upward deflection where phase IV starts, to the end of the ... Closing volume: a reappraisal (1967-2007). Eur J Appl Physiol 2007; 99: 567-583. ...
Closing a file turns it into an autosave/recovery file. *Posted by Sridevi Koonath on May 24, 2013 at 6:07am in Errors, Bugs ... EDIT 22.07.2013: Looks like this problem is not exclusive to "clicking the X" as mentioned above, but occurs when closing file ... Volume From Curve Added by Parametric House 0 Comments 1 Like * Pneumatic Tyre Added by Parametric House 0 Comments 1 Like ...
Volume 1) (9780692756812): London Saint James, Kellie Dennis Book Cover by Design: Books ... In closing.... Overall, a nice story and definitely left me interested in seeing more from this author. Four suns!. Full review ... Every Single Part of You: Unchained Chaos Tour (Cinder) (Volume 1) Paperback - July 17, 2016 ... This item: Every Single Part of You: Unchained Chaos Tour (Cinder) (Volume 1). ...
Title: Context Magazine Volume 2/Issue 3, Author: The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, Name: Context Magazine ... In Closing. to In Closing: Adapting Change Ours is a dynamic industry-one where you have to learn constantly to adapt. In my ... context . volume 2 . issue 3 . November 2014. Q: Why dont we do more communication like that? A: It takes the senders more up- ... context . volume 2 . issue 3 . November 2014. Tim McMillan calls on energy leaders in New Brunswick to help make Canada a ...
The device, made out of nitinol and delivered bronchoscopically, is designed to reduce lung volume in patients with advanced ... CA has received the CE mark of approval to bring its RePneu Lung Volume Reduction Coil to the European market. ... cultivate(MD) CAPITAL FUNDS ANNOUNCES FIRST TRANCHE CLOSING. Axiostat Chitosan Hemostatic Dressing Gets US FDA Approval. AGE ... Announces CE Mark Approval for Its RePneu® Lung Volume Reduction Coil (LVRC™) System…. Product page: RePneu Lung Volume ...
More Volume: V 294. Click/Touch the sub-volume below to view encyclopedia articles within the sub-volume. ... at this session Archbishop Krementz of Cologne made the closing address. Other assemblies were held in other sections of the ... The same object is kept in view by the sociological library of the union, containing some 35,000 volumes, which can be used ...
VOLUME , 12) LOW_PRICE , 13) HIGH_PRICE , 14) CLOSING_PRICE , 15) OPENING_PRICE , 16) OPEN_INTEREST , 17) BASIC_LINEAR_COMMAND ... VOLUME , 12) LOW_PRICE , 13) HIGH_PRICE , 14) CLOSING_PRICE , 15) OPENING_PRICE , 16) OPEN_INTEREST , 17) BASIC_LINEAR_COMMAND ... EMA of Volume , 23) EMA of Open interest , 24) Slope of EMA of Volume , 25) Slope of EMA of Open interest , 26) Slope of MACD ... EMA of Volume , 23) EMA of Open interest , 24) Slope of EMA of Volume , 25) Slope of EMA of Open interest , 26) Slope of MACD ...
Volume 103 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780124159068, 9780124159297 ... Closing Remarks. Chapter 2: Pili and Flagella. II. Pili in Gram-Negative Bacteria ... Molecular Assembly in Natural and Engineered Systems, Volume 103 1st Edition. Write a review ... This volume explores some of the most exciting recent advances in basic research on molecular assembly in natural and ...
This textbook explores both the theoretical foundation of the Finite Volume Method (FVM) and its applications in Computational ... The Finite Volume Method in Computational Fluid Dynamics. Book Subtitle. An Advanced Introduction with OpenFOAM® and Matlab. ... Series Volume. 113. Copyright. 2016. Publisher. Springer International Publishing. Copyright Holder. Springer International ... The Finite Volume Method in Computational Fluid Dynamics. An Advanced Introduction with OpenFOAM® and Matlab. Authors: ...
  • This volume ends at a time when more and more economic indicators suggest the crisis may be ebbing, and Issue 12 highlights challenges and opportunities in the year ahead as companies define how they can succeed in an ever-changing global business landscape. (protiviti.com)
  • A study of the relative sensitivities of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMF), and closing volume (CV) in the detection of subjects with byssinosis was carried out in a North Carolina cotton mill. (bmj.com)
  • Randomized controlled trial comparing low inspiratory and expiratory flow during variable volume ventilation with a constant volume decelerating flow (pressure controlled volume guarantee). (bioportfolio.com)
  • It is defined mathematically as the sum of the closing volume and the residual volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lung volumes Rodarte JR, Hyatt RE, Cortese DA (July 1975). (wikipedia.org)
  • The slope of phase III (δN 2 ) and the closing volume (CV) were assessed from the single breath washout curve. (bmj.com)
  • These values might help the setting of positive endexpiratory pressure during artificial ventilation to avoid the cyclic opening and closing of alveoli. (bioportfolio.com)
  • During artificial ventilation the cyclic opening and closing of alveoli during artificial ventilation results in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) in a higher mortality. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A positive endexpiratory pressure (PEEP) is applied with the intention to avoid these cyclic opening and closing of alveoli. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The distribution of ventilation in patients with ALI is extremely inhomogeneous, consequently there are different regional opening pressures needed to open up the alveoli and avoid closing. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Tidal airway closure, which can occur when the CV exceeds the end-expiratory lung volume (EELV), is commonly observed in diseases characterised by increased CV (e.g. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma) and/or decreased EELV (e.g. obesity, chronic heart failure). (nih.gov)
  • Since the 2000s, there has been a trend towards decreasing tidal volumes for positive pressure ventilation during surgery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (tufts.edu)
  • Closing capacity is the volume at which the small airways close during expiration. (brainscape.com)
  • The small airways begin to collapse at a higher volume/before expiration is complete). (wikipedia.org)
  • Any process that increases the CC by increasing the closing volume (CV) can increase an individual's risk of hypoxemia, as the small airways may collapse during exhalation, leading to air trapping and atelectasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • PneumRx out Mountain View, CA has received the CE mark of approval to bring its RePneu Lung Volume Reduction Coil to the European market. (medgadget.com)
  • The device, made out of nitinol and delivered bronchoscopically, is designed to reduce lung volume in patients with advanced emphysema by grabbing and bunching up sections of the organ, hence improving V/Q mismatch in patients with overinflated lungs. (medgadget.com)
  • Since the LVRC reduces lung volume by a simple mechanical means, its effect should be independent of the presence or absence of collateral flow. (medgadget.com)
  • Vasomotor tone and intracranial pressure are the major determinants of the critical closing pressure. (thejns.org)
  • Since at this early stage the forced expired volume in 1 s (FEV 1 ) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) are within normal limits, a battery of new tests was proposed in the 1970s for early detection of PAD because this condition was thought to be a precursor of overt COPD. (springer.com)
  • A ventilator setting guided by regional opening and closing pressures might help reducing the impairment of the lung by artificial ventilation. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Intraoperative use of low volume ventilation to decrease postoperative mortality, mechanical ventilation, lengths of stay and lung injury in adults without acute lung injury. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Research on Indigenous children's sleep quality is likely to play a significant part in 'Closing the Gap' between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children's health, academic performance and social outcomes. (apo.org.au)
  • NOTE: The Closing Price, Day's High, Day's Low, and Day's Volume have been adjusted to account for any stock splits and/or dividends which may have occurred for this security since the date shown above. (corporate-ir.net)
  • The closing price above is not necessarily indicative of future price performance. (corporate-ir.net)
  • After trading at a volume of 6.1 million, or 2.3 its average daily volume, (NYSE:BHI) saw its price drop. (foxbusiness.com)
  • After trading at a volume of 4.2 million, or 2.2 its average daily volume, (NASDAQ:CHKP) saw its price drop. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Weatherford International (NYSE:WFT) traded on a volume of 12.6 million, or 1.6 its average daily volume, but its price was down. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (NASDAQ:ERIC) saw its price drop on above-normal volume today, as 6.7 million shares have changed hands or 1.8 times its average daily volume. (foxbusiness.com)
  • This report ranks the top stocks with a closing price of 12 or higher, a price change of a half point or greater, and a 50-day average volume of 25,000 based on their percentage increase in daily trading volume. (marketwatch.com)
  • It was the highest closing price in one day. (thenextweb.com)
  • that "quality metrics for TAVR shouldn't be based solely (or even largely) on case volumes and must include measured clinical outcomes to avoid restricting TAVR availability in lower-volume, high-quality centers, as well as underserved populations. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, assessment of the "open volume", as opposed to the "closing volume", is proposed because it is easier to perform and it requires less equipment. (nih.gov)
  • With the pressure on to open markets Wednesday, you'd think there would be some kind of high-volume move, either up or down. (cnbc.com)
  • But no: a modestly positive open has devolved into a grind, with light volume and the advance/decline line almost even. (cnbc.com)
  • The closing capacity is less than the Functional Residual Capacity, the amount of gas that normally remains in the lungs during respiration This means that there is normally enough air within the lungs to keep these airways open throughout both inhalation and exhalation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toilet Tissue reclamation factory at Fort Wirth', explained Jo, our heroine, a feisty, scruffy and independently-minded young tomboy whose more mature, more feminine side we won't really encounter until volume three. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Disclosed is a closure catheter, for closing a tissue opening such as an atrial septal defect, patent foreman ovale, or the left atrial appendage of the heart. (google.es)
  • The present invention relates to methods and devices for closing a body lumen, tissue opening, or cavity and, in particular, for closing an atrial septal defect. (google.es)
  • The pressure waves near the valve surface, the valve-closing velocity, and a high-speed camera were employed to investigate the mechanism for bileaflet valve cavitation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The cavitation intensity increased with an increase in the valve-closing velocity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hydrodynamic characteristics of bileaflet mechanical heart valves in an artificial heart: cavitation and closing velocity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • NEW YORK, Feb. 27, 2008 (PRIME NEWSWIRE) -- Manhattan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (AMEX:MHA) today announced the closing of its joint venture agreement with Nordic Biotech Venture Fund II K/S (Nordic) to develop and commercialize Hedrin(tm), the company's novel, non-insecticide treatment for head lice for the North American market. (fiercebiotech.com)
  • He noted that an analysis of STS/ACC TVT registry data of TAVR performed with current-generation SAPIEN 3 valves did not find significant differences in 30-day mortality, stroke, or major vascular complications in low- vs high-volume centers. (medscape.com)
  • Application of Burton's concept of the critical closing pressure to experimental data on brain-blood flow in the monkey suggests that perfusion pressure, not vascular bed resistance, is the primary variable affecting cerebral blood flow. (thejns.org)
  • Volume 3 of The Bulletin, a newsletter series that focuses on key corporate governance and risk management issues for organizations, began just when the magnitude of the global financial crisis was becoming known. (protiviti.com)
  • This primer will be the first in an ongoing series of puzzlemaking instructables -- each subsequent volume building upon lessons from the past ones, and each one using the puzzlemaker's crosscutting sled that I describe in this volume. (instructables.com)
  • I've been getting a few emails from people wanting to know when I'll put out volume 2 of this series. (instructables.com)
  • Perfusion pressure for the cerebral circulation is the mean arterial pressure minus the critical closing pressure (MAP - CCP). (thejns.org)
  • Eastern Time on the closing date. (fws.gov)
  • EDIT 22.07.2013: Looks like this problem is not exclusive to "clicking the X " as mentioned above, but occurs when closing file in other ways as well. (grasshopper3d.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a protocol for measuring regional opening and closing pressures using the method of electrical impedance tomography in lung healthy and ALI patients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Rio Tinto plc (NYSE:RIO) was down on high volume after trading at a volume of 4.7 million, or two its average daily volume. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Trading at a volume of 3.1 million, or 1.9 its average daily volume, BHP Billiton (NYSE:BHP) was down on high volume today. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Cameron International (NYSE:CAM) was down on high volume, trading with volume of 3.3 million, or 1.5 its average daily volume. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Teck Resources (NYSE:TCK) was down on high volume after trading at a volume of 2.5 million, or 1.6 its average daily volume. (foxbusiness.com)
  • This textbook explores both the theoretical foundation of the Finite Volume Method (FVM) and its applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). (springer.com)