A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. It consists of the following species: O. felineus, O. noverca (Amphimerus noverca), and O. viverrini. The intermediate hosts are snails, fish, and AMPHIBIANS.
Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
A phylum of acoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical flatworms, without a definite anus. It includes three classes: Cestoda, Turbellaria, and Trematoda.
Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.
Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.
A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)
The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.
Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Solitary or multiple collections of PUS within the liver as a result of infection by bacteria, protozoa, or other agents.
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.
Jaundice, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.

Identification of IgE-reacting Clonorchis sinensis antigens. (1/114)

Clonorchis sinensis is a liver fluke and it is the most prevalent human parasite in Korea at present. The parasite infection induces immune responses, characteristically an increased production of parasite-specific IgE in the host. Major IgE-reacting C. sinensis antigens in infected humans have been protein bands with MWs of 15, 28, 37, 45, 51, 56, 62, 66, 74, 97 and 160 KD identified by immunoblot analysis. Individual variations of the IgE binding pattern to C. sinensis antigens have also been documented. Using immune BALB/c mouse sera, IgE-reacting protein bands have been visualized with MWs of 28, 74, 86, 160 and several > 200 KD. One of the most strongly reacted C. sinensis antigenic proteins with a molecular weight of 28 KD was purified by gel filtration and preparative electrophoresis. Using a monoclonal antibody produced against the antigenic protein, the protein was localized in the parasite's intestine, and also found to be contained in excretory-secretory antigens.  (+info)

Little effect of praziquantel or artemisinin on clonorchiasis in Northern Vietnam. A pilot study. (2/114)

The first choice for treatment of Clonorchis sinensis infections is praziquantel. Experimental data suggest that artemisinin derivatives are active against C. sinensis. The efficacy of both drugs against clonorchiasis was evaluated in a pilot study in clonorchiasis patients in an endemic area in the North of Vietnam. Twenty-one patients received praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for three days, the regular regimen in that area, and 21 patients were treated with artemisinin 500 mg b.i.d. for 5 days. Faecal egg counts were performed before as well as 6 days and 5 weeks after treatment. In the praziquantel group the faecal egg count decreased significantly from a mean value of 1632 eggs per gram faeces (epg) to 37 epg 5 weeks after treatment (P < 0.01) but, surprisingly, the eradication rate (95% confidence limit) at week 5 was only 29% (11-52%). In the artemisinin-treated group the reduction of the egg count was insignificant: from 1103 to 542 epg (P > 0.05). The proportion of patients (95% c.l.) with C. sinensis eggs in their stool on week 5 was 90% (70-99%) in the artemisinin group and 71% (48-89%) in the praziquantel group (P > 0.05) and the eradication rate (95% c.l.) at week 5 was only 10% (1-30%). With a sensitivity of detection of eggs in stool > 0.89, this implies a statistically significant but clinically unsatisfactory reduction for treatment with praziquantel. Sensitivity is probably less. For artemisinin there was no significant reduction. In conclusion, for human clonorchiasis in the North of Vietnam, the efficacy of praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for 3 days was unsatisfactory and artemisinin for 5 days is not an effective alternative.  (+info)

Usefulness of IgG4 subclass antibodies for diagnosis of human clonorchiasis. (3/114)

The present study analyzed serum IgG subclass antibody reaction to major antigenic bands of Clonorchis sinensis to investigate improvement of its serodiagnosis. Of the four subclass antibodies, IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies were produced but not specific, IgG3 antibody was least produced, and IgG4 antibody was prominent and specific. The serum IgG antibody reaction to any of 43-50, 34-37, 26-28, and 8 kDa bands was found in 65.5% of 168 egg positive cases while IgG4 antibody reaction was found in 22.0% of them. The positive rates of IgG and IgG4 antibodies were directly correlated with the intensity of infection. All of the sera from heavily infected cases over EPG 5,000 showed positive reaction for specific IgG and IgG4 antibodies. The specific serum IgG4 antibody disappeared within 6 months after treatment. The bands of 35 kDa and 67 kDa cross-reacted with IgG antibodies but not with IgG4 antibodies in sera of other trematode infections. The present findings suggest that serum IgG4 antibody reaction to 8 kDa band is specific but not sensitive. Any method to increase its sensitivity is required for improved serodiagnosis.  (+info)

Isozyme electrophoresis patterns of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis from Kimhae, Korea and from Shenyang, China. (4/114)

An enzyme analysis of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis from Kimhae, Korea and from Shenyang, China was conducted using a horizontal starch gel electrophoresis in order to elucidate their genetic relationships. A total of eight enzymes was employed from two different kinds of buffer systems. Two loci from each enzyme of aconitase and esterase (alpha-Na and beta-Na); and only one locus each from six enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (GPD), 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI), and phosphoglucomutase (PGM) were detected. Most of loci in two populations of C. sinensis showed homozygous monomorphic banding patterns and one of them, GPD was specific as genetic markers between two different populations. However, esterase (alpha-Na), GPD, HBDH and PGI loci showed polymorphic banding patterns. Two populations of C. sinensis were more closely clustered within the range of genetic identity value of 0.998-1.0. In summarizing the above results, two populations of C. sinensis employed in this study showed mostly monomorphic enzyme protein banding patterns, and genetic differences specific between two populations.  (+info)

Partial characterization of a 17 kDa protein of Clonorchis sinensis. (5/114)

A 17 kDa protein from Clonorchis sinensis adults was purified by a procedure including Sephacryl S-200 HR gel filtration and Q-Sepharose anion exchange chromatography. The protein was proved to be a cysteine protease as it showed hydrolytic activity toward Cbz-Phe-Arg-AMC in the presence of dithiothreitol and was inhibited by specific inhibitors such as iodoacetic acid or trans epoxy-succinly-L-leucyl-amido(4-guanidino) butane. The polyclonal antibody raised against the protein reacted to 17 kDa proteins of trematodes such as Paragonimus westermani, Fasciola hepatica, Opisthorchis viverrini, Gymnophalloides seoi, and Metagonimus yokogawai. The antibody recognized the 17 kDa and 16 kDa cysteine proteases purified from C. sinensis, P. westermani, and G. seoi as well. These results suggest that the 17 kDa protein may be a cysteine protease commonly present in trematodes.  (+info)

Chromosomes of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. (6/114)

A karyological study was carried out in order to compared the chromosome numbers, chromosome morphologies and karyotypes of the oriental liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae), collected from Korea and China. Chromosome preparations were made by means of air-drying method. The chromosome number was 2n = 56 in both Korean and Chinese flukes, and chromosomes were divided into two groups based on this size; consisting of 8 pairs of large and 20 pairs of small chromosomes. However, the karyotypes showed some differences between Korean and Chinese flukes. The karyotype of liver flukes from Korea consisted of three metacentric pairs, one meta-/submetacentric pair, 16 submetacentric pairs and eight subtelocentric pairs of chromosomes. On the other hand, liver flukes from China consisted of two metacentric pairs, two meta-/submetacentric pairs, 16 submetacentric pairs and eight subtelocentric pairs of chromosomes.  (+info)

Differentiation of hamster liver oval cell following Clonorchis sinensis infection. (7/114)

Oval cells which appear in the liver after hepatic injuries are suspected to be progenitor cells for both hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Oval cell isolated from the livers of the hamsters treated with diethylnitrosamine and 2-acetylaminofluorene and infected with Clonorchis sinensis (CS). cultured for 2 weeks and evaluated for differentiation and plasticity by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. In the CS-uninfected group, glycogen granules and peroxisomes were noted in the cells that were cultured for 2 weeks. Starting at 1 week postculture, immunoreactivity of the cells to cytokeratin 19 markedly decreased but that to albumin and alpha-fetoprotein gradually increased. This means that oval cells isolated from hamsters that were not infected with CS differentiated toward hepatocyte lineage. However, in the CS-infected group, cultured cells contained numerous rough endoplasmic reticulum and showed immunoreactivity that was generally in reverse to that of CS-uninfected group, meaning that cells isolated following CS infection were primed by CS and differentiated toward bile duct cell lineage. The results of this study suggested that oval cells are indeed bipolar progenitor cells for hepatocytes and bile duct cells and can differentiate toward either lineage depending upon the priming factor.  (+info)

Molecular cloning and characterization of an antigenic protein with a repeating region from Clonorchis sinensis. (8/114)

In the course of immunoscreening of Clonorchis sinensis cDNA library, a cDNA CsRP12 containing a tandem repeat was isolated. The cDNA CsRP12 encodes two putative peptides of open reading frames (ORFs) 1 and 2 (CsRP12-1 and -2). The repetitive region is composed of 15 repeats of 10 amino acids. Of the two putative peptides, CsRP12-1 was proline-rich and found to have homologues in several organisms. Recombinant proteins of the putative peptides were bacterially produced and purified by an affinity chromatography. Recombinant CsRP12-1 protein was recognized by sera of clonorchiasis patients and experimental rabbits, but recombinant CsRP12-2 was not. One of the putative peptide, CsRP12-1, is designated CsPRA, proline-rich antigen of C. sinensis. Both the C-termini of CsRP12-1 and -2 were bacterially produced and analysed to show no antigenicity. Recombinant CsPRA protein showed high sensitivity and specificity. In experimental rabbits, IgG antibodies to CsPRA was produced between 4 and 8 weeks after the infection and decreased thereafter over one year. These results indicate that CsPRA is equivalent to a natural protein and a useful antigenic protein for serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Composite neuroendocrine and adenocarcinoma of the common bile duct associated with Clonorchis sinensis. T2 - A case report. AU - Se Hoon Kim, Hoon Kim. AU - Young Nyun Park, Nyun Park. AU - Dong Sup Yoon, Sup Yoon. AU - Se Joon Lee, Joon Lee. AU - Jeong Sik Yu, Sik Yu. AU - Tae Woong Noh, Woong Noh. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The biliary tract has neuroendocrine cells of endoderm origin similar to the gastrointestinal tract, however neuroendocrine tumors of the biliary tract are rare. We report a composite glandular-endocrine cell carcinoma of the common bile duct in a 64-year-old Korean man which was associated with Clonorchis sinensis. The patient complained of right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Several parasites of Clonorchis sinensis were removed during the percutaneous transbiliary drainage. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed a polypoid mass (3x3cm) with central ulceration in the common bile duct. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. Microscopic ...
The tegument, representing the membrane-bound outer surface of platyhelminth parasites, plays an important role for the regulation of the host immune response and parasite survival. A comprehensive understanding of tegumental proteins can provide drug candidates for use against helminth-associated diseases, such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. However, little is known regarding the physicochemical properties of C. sinensis teguments. In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized by molecular and in silico methods. The complete coding sequence of 525 bp was derived from cDNA clones and encodes a protein of 175 amino acids. Homology search using BLASTX showed CsTegu20.6 identity ranging from 29% to 39% with previously-known tegumental proteins in C. sinensis. Domain analysis indicated the presence of a calcium-binding EF-hand domain containing a basic helix-loop-helix structure and a dynein
BACKGROUND: The parasitic flatworm Clonorchis sinensis inhabits the biliary tree of humans and other piscivorous mammals. This parasite can survive and thrive in the bile duct, despite exposure to bile constituents and host immune attack. Although the precise biological mechanisms underlying this adaptation are unknown, previous work indicated that Niemann-pick type C2 (NPC2)-like sterol-binding proteins might be integral in the host-parasite interplay. Expansions of this family in some invertebrates, such as arthropods, have shown functional diversification, including novel forms of chemoreception. Thus, here we curated the NPC2-like protein gene complement in C. sinensis, and predicted their conserved and/or divergent functional roles. METHODS: We used an established comparative genomic-bioinformatic approach to curate NPC2-like proteins encoded in published genomes of Korean and Chinese isolates of C. sinensis. Protein sequence and structural homology, presence of conserved domains and ...
Abstract: We examined the phylogeography and the variation of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the ...
Cathepsins in general are of interest to parasitologists, as there is considerable evidence that they play a key role in the biology of parasites [29]. In this study, a CB of C. sinensis was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli. It was classified as CB due to its sequence homology to cathepsin B protein and structure. The putative amino acid sequence shared 63%, 52% and 50% identities with cathepsin B from S. japonicum, H. sapiens and F. hepatica, respectively. Sequence analysis showed that Cs CB has typical catalytic residue of cysteine, histidine and asparagine, as well an occluding loop that is the signature of cathepsin Bs [30]. A haemoglobinase motif which is shared by helminth blood-feeders could be found in this deduced sequence [31]. Since C. sinensis generally feed on bile and epithelial cells rather than blood, however, it is thought that this motif may be an important tool for identifying potential hemoglobinases and contribute to haemoglobin degradation [32]. The occluding loop is a ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the phylogenetic positions and functional characterization of Cs Mb as well as to address its role in the pathogenesis of Clonorchiasis. The expression of Cs Mb was highly inducible in response to exogenously introduced H2O2. Our results showed that Cs Mb has peroxidase activity and may be important in the detoxification against H2O2 and other ROS.. It is widely accepted that Mbs serve as oxygen stores rather than oxygen transporters or as oxygen sensors in some cases, and they are found in bacteria, plants, protozoans and invertebrate nerve systems. Bioinformatics analysis showed that Cs Mb comprised a globin family profile domain and heme-binding site. Although there was low amino acid sequence homology between the distantly related globins and the amino acid identity between human and C. sinensis myoglobins was only approximately 29%, the Mbs were found to have a similar three-dimensional structure (the so-called myoglobin fold) (Figure 1). Our ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Christy Catherine, Seung-Won Lee, Jung Won Ju, Ho-Cheol Kim, Hyun-Il Shin, Yu Jung Kim, Dong-Myung Kim].
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
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Cambridge researchers Hui-Yuan Yeh and Piers Mitchell used microscopy to study preserved faeces on ancient personal hygiene sticks (used for wiping away faeces from the anus) in the latrine at what was a large Silk Road relay station on the eastern margins of the Tamrin Basin, a region that contains the Taklamakan desert. The latrine is thought to date from 111 BC (Han Dynasty) and was in use until 109 AD.. They found that eggs from four species of parasitic worm (helminths) were present: roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), tapeworm (Taenia sp.), and Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis).. Chinese liver fluke is a parasitic flatworm that causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, jaundice and liver cancer. It requires well-watered, marshy areas to complete its life cycle. Xuanquanzhi relay station was located at the eastern end of the arid Tamrin Basin, an area that contains the fearsome Taklamakan Desert. The liver fluke could not have been endemic in this dry ...
We have identified Laidx, a novel, large, and amplified gene encompassing three previously-annotated genes co-amplified on the mouse X and Y chromosomes. Laidx consists of nine exons and encodes an 8337 amino acid (871 kD) putative protein, which shares sequence similarity with a protein in the Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. Laidx is predominantly expressed in post-meiotic testicular germ cells, suggesting a role in spermatogenesis and reproduction. However, male mice with Laidx deletion and duplication exhibit fertility, fecundity, testis histology, and offspring sex ratio similar to wild-type, indicating the role of Laidx may be uncovered under other conditions (e.g., stress, old age). The reduced sperm counts and sperm motility, though not statistically significant, suggests loss or lower copy number of Laidx could impact the fitness of males in wild populations. Our resolving the entire gene structure of the large and complex Laidx gene sequence combined with the generation of ...
Synonyms for Centropus sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Centropus sinensis. 1 synonym for Centropus sinensis: crow pheasant. What are synonyms for Centropus sinensis?
Acta Universitatis Traditionis Medicalis Sinensis Pharmacologiaeque Shanghai Considerations on Developing Etiological Research of Mild Cognitive Impairment from Chinese Medicine Point of View 2006 Issue 1008-861X
Define clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis synonyms, clonorchiasis pronunciation, clonorchiasis translation, English dictionary definition of clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis. Translations. English: clo·nor·chi·a·sisn. clonorquiasis, infección parasitaria que afecta los conductos biliares distales.
Hepatic clonorchiasis is one of the most prevalent food-borne parasitic diseases worldwide. Clonorchis sinensis, the pathogen, is the major parasitic trigger contributing to cholangitis, cholelithiasis, and even cholangiocarcinoma. Unfortunately, unspecific clinical manifestations of patients with hepatic clonorchiasis tend to mislead clinicians to neglect or misdiagnose them, following ignorance of appropriate therapy. Our case report may shed light on definite diagnosis of clonorchiasis with concomitant cholelithiasis, methodology for surgical drainage of the parasites, and postoperative anthelmintic therapy. Two patients with habit of eating infected raw or undercooked freshwater fish were hospitalized due to right upper quadrant pain and jaundice. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)/computed tomography (CT) detection indicated cholangiolithiasis and cholangiolithiasis with concurrent cholecystolithiasis, respectively. Fecal examinations were both negative for adult worms or eggs of
Clonorchis sinensis ESA proved to be a better serodiagnostic antigen than CA for ELISA. The diagnostic sensitivity of ELISA with ESA was 92.5% while that of ELISA with CA was 88.2%, when 509 human sera of clonorchiasis were screened in the present study, which was statistically significant. The diagnostic specificity of ELISA with ESA was increased to 93.1% from 87.8% by using CA. Especially cross-reactivity of ESA with serum specimens of opisthorchiasis, schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis was reduced compared to that of CA.. C. sinensis ESA was found to include proteins of 7-8, 12.5, and 30 kDa (Kim, 1998), and the 7 or 8 kDa protein predominated (Chung et al., 2002). ESA has been suggested to be a valuable candidate diagnostic antigen of active clonorchiasis in rabbits and humans (Kim, 1994 & 1998). The protein bands in C. sinensis ESA were also found to form 7-8, 17 and 26-28 kDa bands, while in CA bands at 35, 43, 55, and 70 kDa were additionally observed (Hong et al., 1997, 1999).. The 7-8 ...
ID G7YLH0_CLOSI Unreviewed; 189 AA. AC G7YLH0; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 12. DE SubName: Full=Density-regulated protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; GN ORFNames=CLF_111180 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; OS Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese liver fluke). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Platyhelminthes; Trematoda; Digenea; OC Opisthorchiida; Opisthorchiata; Opisthorchiidae; Clonorchis. OX NCBI_TaxID=79923 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RA Wang X., Chen W., Huang Y., Sun J., Men J., Liu H., Luo F., Guo L., RA Lv X., Deng C., Zhou C., Fan Y., Li X., Huang L., Hu Y., Liang C., RA Hu X., Xu J., Yu X.; RT The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis RT sinensis.; RL Submitted (SEP-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=Henan; RA Wang ...
Numerous trematodes cause disease in humans. These include the schistosomes, which live in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, various liver flukes (eg, Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchiasis species), and the intestinal trematodes (flukes).
Rhee JK, Baek BK, Ahn BZ, Park YJ. [The Wormicidal Substances Of Fresh Water Fishes On Clonorchis Sinensis: II. Preliminary Research On The Wormicidal Substances From Mucous Substances Of Various Fresh Water Fishes]. Korean J Parasitol 1980;18(1):98-104 ...
Synonyms for Camelia sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Camelia sinensis. 1 synonym for Camellia sinensis: tea. What are synonyms for Camelia sinensis?
Eating raw fish will do it, if the fish has the parasite in its tissues, and with sushi becoming more and more popular, this is believable. But how does the fish get Clonorchis? In order for everything to come together for the worm, an infected person has to defecate in fresh water where the correct species of snail is resident. If the snail eats the worm eggs in the feces it, in turn, is infected. After multiplying in the snail, the parasite leaves of its own accord and burrows into the flesh of a fish. The fish must then be caught and eaten raw by a human (you) in order for the parasite to infect another person (who then has to defecate in fresh water ...
Microscopic demonstration of eggs in the stool or in duodenal aspirate is the most practical diagnostic method. These are small operculated eggs sized 27 to 35 µm by 11 to 20 µm. The operculum, is convex at smaller end of the egg and rests on a visible shoulder. At the opposite end which is large &, abopercular, a small protrusion (knob or hook- like) is often visible. Visible inside the egg is the the miracidium ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Shared epitope for monoclonal IR162 between Anisakis simplex larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and cross-reactivity between antigens. AU - Jun Kyong Cho, Kyong Cho. AU - Cho, Sung-Weon. PY - 2000/1/1. Y1 - 2000/1/1. N2 - IR162 is a rat monoclonal IgE antibody (mAb). In the investigation of rat IgE production, the antigens recognized by IR162 (IR-Ags) were found to be expressed by a variety of helminthic parasites. By western blot analysis, IR162 detected bands in crude extracts of Anisakis simplex larvae, Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus westermani, plerocercoids of Spirometra mansoni, and Toxocara canis. Excretory-secretory material from A. simplex larvae also contained a protein recognized by IR162. IR162 mAb obtained from both Serotec and Zymed recognized identical bands of A. simplex larvae. Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR-Cs) were important antigens with respect to induction of ...
Opisthorchiasis is a parasitic disease caused by species in the genus Opisthorchis (specifically, Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus). Chronic infection may lead to cholangiocarcinoma, a malignant cancer of the bile ducts. Medical care and loss of wages caused by Opisthorchis viverrini in Laos and in Thailand costs about $120 million annually. Infection by Opisthorchis viverrini and other liver flukes in Asia affect the poor and poorest people. Opisthorchiasis is on the World Health Organizations list of neglected tropical diseases. Symptoms of opisthorchiasis (caused by Opisthorchis spp.) are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis (caused by Clonorchis sinensis). About 80% of infected people have no symptoms, though they can have eosinophilia. Asymptomatic infection can occur when there are less than 1000 eggs in one gram in feces. Infection is considered heavy when there are 10,000-30,000 eggs in one gram of feces. Symptoms of heavier infections with Opisthorchis viverrini may ...
This review examines the literature on imported (allochthonous) and local (autochthonous) cases of food-borne trematode (FBT) infections in the United States of America (USA) from 1890 to 2009. Most of the literature is concerned with imported cases of the opisthorchiids Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini. These flukes cause serious pathology in the liver and biliary system of humans. Chronic cases may induce liver (hepatocarcinoma) and bile duct (cholangiocarcinoma) cancers in humans. Clonorchiasis and opithorchiasis are preventable diseases that can be avoided by eating properly cooked freshwater fish products. Several species of lung flukes in the genus Paragonimus are local or imported FBT in the USA. The endemic cycle occurs in the USA with various local snails and crustaceans serving as intermediate hosts. Paragonimids are acquired when humans eat raw or improperly cooked freshwater crustaceans containing metacercarial cysts. Infection can cause severe lung disease and the ...
1. Wisteria sinensis (Sims) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 121. 1826. 紫藤 zi teng Glycine sinensis Sims, Bot. Mag. 46: t. 2083. 1819; Wis-teria alba Lindley; W. praecox Handel-Mazzetti; W. sinensis f. alba (Lindley) Rehder & E. H. Wilson; W. sinensis var. albi-flora Lemaire.. Lianas, to 25 m. Stems twined leftward, white villous when young, soon glabrescent. Leaves 7-13-foliolate; rachis 15-25 cm, including petiole 3-5 cm; leaflet blades elliptic-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, 5-8 × 2-4 cm with basal pair smallest and becoming larger apically, both surfaces appressed pubescent when young but glabrescent, base rounded to cuneate and some-what asymmetric, apex attenuate to caudate. Racemes terminal or axillary from branchlets of previous year, 15-30 × 8-10 cm, white villous. Pedicel 2-3 cm, slender. Flowers 2-2.5 cm, fra-grant. Calyx with adaxial tooth longer than others. Corolla pur-ple or occasionally white; standard orbicular, sometimes retuse, glabrous, apex truncate. Ovary tomentose, with 6-8 ovules. ...
Protects the heart. C. sinensis may offer heart-health benefits, including the ability to treat arrhythmia. A 2014 study saw C. sinensis significantly reduce liver and heart injuries in rats.. This study shows that C. sinensis has potential for treating heart disease. Its approved in China to treat arrhythmia. Its thought that the adenosine in C. sinensis handles this effect. Adenosine is a naturally occurring substance that helps break down ATP.. Slows kidney disease. Traditionally, people believed that consuming C. sinensis strengthened the kidneys. This may be due to C. sinensiss ability to increase hydroxyl-corticosteroid and ketosteroid levels in the body.. In a 2011 study, researchers at Zhejiang University found that C. sinensis may inhibit renal fibrosis in rats. Renal fibrosis is a condition found in the later stages of kidney disease. Another study found that taking 3 to 5 grams of C. sinensis a day significantly improved kidney and immune function in those with chronic renal ...
Ophiocordyceps sinensis (syn. Cordyceps sinensis) is a peculiar caterpillar fungus. It is not only known for its extraordinary medicinal values, which cover a wide spectrum of illnesses ranging from fatigue to cancer, but also for its fascinating life-story (Yeh & Lama 2013). Unlike many medicinal products, advertisements for
Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus Cabaret, Cabaret Japanese Silver Grass, Grass, [Miscanthus sinensis Cabaret], San Marcos Growers
Buy Praying Mantis Egg Cases (Paratenodera sinensis), Live Specimen, LM00359 at Nasco. You will find a unique blend of products for Arts & Crafts, Education, Healthcare, Agriculture, and more!
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Although most people present without any known risk factors evident, a number of risk factors for the development of cholangiocarcinoma have been described. In the Western world, the most common of these is primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts which is closely associated with ulcerative colitis (UC).[13] Epidemiologic studies have suggested that the lifetime risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma for a person with PSC is on the order of 10-15%,[14] although autopsy series have found rates as high as 30% in this population.[15]. Certain parasitic liver diseases may be risk factors as well. Colonization with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini (found in Thailand, Laos PDR, and Vietnam)[16][17][18] or Clonorchis sinensis (found in China, Taiwan, eastern Russia, Korea, and Vietnam)[19][20] has been associated with the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Control programs aimed at discouraging the consumption of raw and undercooked food have been successful ...
Foodborne trematodiasis is an emerging public health problem, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region. We summarize the complex life cycle of foodborne trematodes and discuss its contextual determinants. Currently, 601.0, 293.8, 91.1, and 79.8 million people are at risk for infection with Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus spp., Fasciola spp., and Opisthorchis spp., respectively. The relationship between diseases caused by trematodes and proximity of human habitation to suitable freshwater bodies is examined. Residents living near freshwater bodies have a 2.15-fold higher risk (95% confidence interval 1.38-3.36) for infections than persons living farther from the water. Exponential growth of aquaculture may be the most important risk factor for the emergence of foodborne trematodiasis. This is supported by reviewing aquaculture development in countries endemic for foodborne trematodiasis over the past 10-50 years. Future and sustainable control of foodborne trematodiasis is discussed
Objective: To study the chemical constituents of dried fruits of Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin.) Koehne and provide the evidence for the exploitation and utilization of this plant resources. Methods: Isolation and purification of chemical constituents of Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin.) Koehne by solvent extraction and chromatography, and their structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis. Results and Conclusion: Seven compounds were isolated from the ethanol extract of the fruits and identified as: palmitic acid(Ⅴ), ursolic acid 3 O behenate(Ⅵ), ursolic acid(Ⅶ), 3 acetyl ursolic acid(Ⅷ), 3 acetyl pomolic acid(Ⅸ), daucosterol(Ⅹ), betulinic acid(Ⅺ). All of these compounds were obtained from the plant for the first time. Among themⅥ is a new compound.
Botanical Name: Miscanthus sinensis Phonetic: Miss-Kan-thuss sih-nen-siss Common Name(s): Japanese Silver Grass, Eulalia Family: Poaceae Origin: China, Korea, Japan Plant Type: Perennial grass Persistence: Deciduous Leaf Type: Linear, arching Number of Leaflets: - Leaf Color: Dark green Fall Color: - Texture: Medium Density: Dense Bloom Season: Summer Flower Color(s): Coppery Exposure: Full sun to part shade USDA: 5-9 Climate Zone(s): 2-9, 14-24 Growth Rate: …
Calophrynus pleurostigma var. Sinensis Peters, 1867, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1867: 33. Syntypes: ZMB 5696 (1 specimen; according to Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 261) and NHMW 22887 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 14, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 18), although it is not clear from the description that more than one specimen was in Peters hands. Type locality: Hongkong, in error for Dapa, Siargao, Philippines, according to Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 261. Synonymy (with Kalophrynus pleurostigma pleurostigma) by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 99, and Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 102, and Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 99-106.. Calophrynus acutirostris Boettger, 1897, Zool. Anz., 20: 165. Holotype: SMF 4100 (formerly 1158. 2a) according to Mertens, ...
Often grown as an ornamental plant, Miscanthus sinensis can be a focal point in the garden as its tall greeny white striped leaves often contrast with other foliage. It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome. The juice of young stems is used medicinally to disperse poisons, dissolve blood clots and remove inflammation. It is also increasingly being used as a source of biomass. To order this plant please contact us [email protected] ...
Find help and information on Wisteria x formosa Caroline chinensis sinensis Chinese floribunda, including varieties and pruning advice. Click here to find out more.
This topic has 1 study abstract on Toona sinensis indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Coronaviridae Infections, and SARS
EWGs Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases.
This species is distinguished from its congeners in having the following set of characters: two rows of thorns (strongly hooked and gradually becoming somewhat embedded toward first dorsal fin origin) on mid-dorsum of tail; no thorns at the anterior part of scapular region; thorns on the orbital, nape and scapular regions not encircled by light yellow or white pigment; dorsal surface covered with minute dermal denticles of uniform size and shape, no obvious larger dermal denticles (smooth to touch) (Ref. 86259). ...
A obtenção de plantas geneticamente modificadas tornou-se uma ferramenta biotecnológica de grande valor, contribuindo nos programas de melhoramento. Plantas transgênicas contendo genes de peptídeos antibacterianos...
Ive come to believe anything can be grown in a pot! But W. sinensis (Chinese Wisteria) looks to be the most vigorous of the 3; how bigs your pot? If one diligently prunes a plant, Bonsai for instance, it may be kept within a pot. But with the vigor of this vine, and its capability of covering a pergola in fairly short order, I dont know if the effort would be worthwhile. Diligent pruning; watering; and fertilizing would be a must - and for this vine - Id hope only temporary ...
angelica sinensis extract and angelica sinensis extract manufaturers - 1851 angelica sinensis extract manufacturers & angelica sinensis extract provide quality angelica sinensis extract from China.
Ing Camellia sinensis ing species ning tanaman nung nu gagawan de ing pikabaluan a inuman a tsa. Kayabe ya king genus a Camellia (simplified Chinese: 茶花; traditional Chinese: 茶花; pinyin: Cháhuā, literal a kabaldugan: sampagang tsa), a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae. Deng White tea, yellow tea, green tea, oolong, pu-erh tea ampong black tea are all ibat la ngan king species a ini, oneng dadalan la kareng miayaliwang prosesu ba rong dasan deng miayaliwang ketasan o lebel ning oxidation. Ing Kukicha (twig tea) mapupupul ya mu naman king Camellia sinensis, oneng sanga ampong tangke ing gagamitan para kaniti, at e bulung. Adwa la reng manimunang uri o varieties a gagamitan para king tsa, ing Chinese tea, Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, ampo ing Assam tea, Camellia sinensis var. assamica.[1] ...
Effect evaluation of using Toona sinensis leaf extract to safe animal products. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of adding Toona sinensis powder into sausage processing procedure on the microbial growth and antioxidation activity of sausage. Various dosages of the Toona sinensis powder were added into Chinese-style sausage. The analyzed items of sausage were pH values, total plate counts, Lactobacillus, Micrococcus counts, water activity, color evaluation, TBARS values and sensory evaluation. The total plate counts of samples were increased following extended the storage period. The total plate counts of adding Toona sinensis sausage were still below 7.0 log CFU/g after 6 weeks food processing. The Lactobacillus counts were also increased at storage experiment and were obviously increased after the fifth week storage. The L values of the treated groups were lower than that of in the control group. The TBARS values of sausage varied within a narrow range during the storage ...
Tea (|i|Camellia sinensis|/i|) is a popular beverage all over the world and a number of studies have focused on the genetic uniqueness of tea and its cultivars. However, molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena are largely undefined. In this report, based on expression data available from public databases, we performed a series of analyses to identify genes probably relevant to the uniqueness of |i|C. sinensis|/i| and two of its cultivars (LJ43 and ZH2). Evolutionary analyses showed that the evolutionary rates of genes involved in the pathways were not significantly different among |i|C. sinensis|/i|, |i|C. oleifera|/i|, and |i|C. azalea|/i|. Interestingly, a number of gene families, including genes involved in the pathways synthesizing iconic secondary metabolites of tea plant, were significantly upregulated, expressed in |i|C. sinensis|/i| (LJ43) when compared to |i|C. azalea|/i|, and this may partially explain its higher content of flavonoid, theanine, and caffeine. Further investigation
Definition of lesser liver fluke in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is lesser liver fluke? Meaning of lesser liver fluke as a legal term. What does lesser liver fluke mean in law?
8. Celtis sinensis Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 292. 1805. 朴树 po shu Celtis bodinieri H. Léveillé; C. bungeana var. pubipedicella G. H. Wang; C. cercidifolia C. K. Schneider; C. hunanensis Handel-Mazzetti; C. labilis C. K. Schneider; C. nervosa Hemsley; C. tetrandra Roxburgh subsp. sinensis (Persoon) Y. C. Tang.. Trees, to 20 m tall, deciduous. Bark gray. Branchlets brown, brown pubescent, sometimes glabrescent late in season. Winter buds dark brown, 1-3 mm, glabrous or inconspicuously puberulent. Stipules linear to lanceolate, 3-5 mm, pubescent, fugacious. Petiole brown, 3-10 mm, pubescent, adaxially with a broad and shallow furrow; leaf blade ovate to ovate-elliptic, 3-10 × 3.5-6 cm, thickly papery, abaxially usually inconspicuously yellowish brown puberulent when young, abaxially with hairs scattered on major veins and sometimes tufted in vein axils with age, base rounded, obtuse, or obliquely truncate, ± symmetric to moderately oblique, margin subentire to crenate on apical half, teeth 0-16 ...
Date Published: May 24, 2018 Publisher: Impact Journals Author(s): Ya-Ru Xu, Wan-Xi Yang. http://doi.org/10.18632/aging.101454 Abstract Functions of Caspases remain obscure in Crustacea. We studied the existence and participations of apoptosis-related factors in Eriocheir sinensis testis. Three Es-Caspases (Es-Caspase 3/ 7/ 8) in E. sinensis were cloned and characterized. We observed that three es-caspases mRNA had…
Pathology of Infectious Diseases Vol.I: Helminthiases: Helminthiases is the first volume of the long-awaited update to Pathology of Tropical and Extraordinary Disease. This book provides the most comprehensive description and illustration of the morphology and life cycles of helminths, and the history, clinical features, histopathology, diagnosis, and ...
camellia sinensis definition: a tropical evergreen shrub or tiny tree thoroughly cultivated in e.g. Asia and Japan and Asia; way to obtain tea leaves; a tropical evergreen shrub or little tree thoroughly…
Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial and DPPH Scavenging Activity of Essential Oil of Toona sinensis (A. Juss.) Roem from China
Microsatellites are simple sequence repeats with a high degree of polymorphism in the genome; they are used as DNA markers in many molecular genetic studies. Using traditional methods such as the magnetic beads enrichment method, only a few microsatellite markers have been isolated from the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis, as the crab genome sequence information is unavailable. Here, we have identified a large number of microsatellites from the Chinese mitten crab by taking advantage of Solexa genomic surveying. A total of 141,737 SSR (simple sequence repeats) motifs were identified via analysis of 883 Mb of the crab genomic DNA information, including mono-, di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and hexa-nucleotide repeat motifs. The number of di-nucleotide repeat motifs was 82,979, making this the most abundant type of repeat motif (58.54%); the second most abundant were the tri-nucleotide repeats (42,657, 30.11%). Among di-nucleotide repeats, the most frequent repeats were AC motifs, accounting for 67.55%
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Camellia sinensis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles ...
This variegated grass grows to considerable height in full sun, sometimes to 2.7 meters (9 feet) tall. It features a notifeable white stripe on every leaf. The flowers are tassle-like, occur in autumn, and give way to silvery seeds on plumes. Miscanthus sinensis Variegatus (Eulalia, Maiden Grass, Japanese Silver Grass) Deciduous: yes Hardiness Zones: 5-9…
Uurivad loodust, armastuse olemust! MELLand osaleb 100% loodusliku rohelise tee ekstrakti pulber polüfenoolid 90% (50% EGCG), tuletatud roheline tee (camellia sinensis) lehtede tuua tagatud kvaliteedi ja inimeste elu. Tulla ja proovida meie kohandatud teenuseid ja saada tasuta proovi tooteid tehasest.
(Camellia Sinensis) C. (AR). (SA). (LA). (TL). =n2. (CI). DNA. G. G. %TF. G. G. L/S TL DRL. Slideshow 6846763 by erin-bolton
This study aimed to develop and to characterize fermented dairy beverage formulated with Camellia sinensis. The infusion was elaborated with the addiction of de...
According to the CDC, liver flukes are extremely rare to get in the States. By the rarest chance you have them, they are easily treated by medication though. I highly recommend you get a sample confirmed by a legit doctor or lab before going down the road of thinking you have liver flukes. Read more about it here: http://curezone.com/forums/fm.asp?i=2030109#i
The endemic status of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang (River) in Okcheon-gun (County) in Korea was examined. From February to December 2000, stools of total 1,081 inhabitants living in 5 villages were examined. Each stool specimen was examined by both the cellophane .... ...
The liver fluke is a parasite found in the bile ducts and the liver. In this article, we look at the symptoms and diseases they can cause, and prevention.
UK - Farmers should stay vigilant against liver fluke following an exceptionally mild and wet winter, warn Merial Animal Health experts.
當歸(Angelica Sinensis(乃「婦女聖藥「3有「女性的人參「(female ginseng(之譽》用在成藥中較著名的3是烏雞白鳳丸3這是婦科補血 調經的經典中藥》根據》中華人民共和國藥典》一部 及》北京市中藥成方選集》3這個方子的君藥是烏雞(補血養陰( 當歸 白芍 熟地黃 川芎 人參 黃芪 山藥(補血養血(4臣藥是生地 鱉甲 銀柴胡(滋陰退虛熱( 丹參(涼血除煩(4佐藥是鹿角霜 桑螵蛸 攸牡蠣 芡實(固經止帶(4使藥是甘草(補中益氣(》這個藥方包含了四物湯(當歸 白芍 熟地黃 川芎(和當歸補血湯(當歸黃芪(4至於四物湯3本身是以》金匱要略》的膠艾湯(阿膠 艾葉 當歸 芍藥 川芎 甘草 地黃(變化而來》尋根究底3「當歸「應是烏雞白鳳丸的主要成分》》中華醫學雜誌》報道(Vol.76 ...
Of late public taste has been turned to the advantageous effect of grasses in landscape gardening. Ferns had the credit of first winning attention from colour to form, and grasses next stepped in to confirm the preference for grace and elegance over gaudy colouring.... So wrote Margaret Plues in her book British Grasses (1867) which…
Finally, a fragrant white wisteria! These fast growing, low maintenance vines provide tons of sweet smelling blooms that last for months!
|div id=full-description| |p class=description| Miscanthus are the queen of ornamental grasses. They have been an icon in Europe and North America for well over a hundred years. Introduced from Japan circa 1870, Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932) and the
When related to Clonorchis sinensis, definitive diagnosis is by identification of eggs by microscopic demonstration in faeces ... Cholangitis Cholecystitis Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis Hepaticojejunostomy Cirrhosis Tsui, Wilson; Chan, Yiu-kay; Wong, ... Hepatolithiasis is associated with Clonorchis sinensis and Ascaris lumbricoides infestation of the liver. This theory is based ...
Clonorchis sinensis Archived 2008-03-17 at the Wayback Machine. Web Atlas of Medical Pathology, accessed 1 April 2009. Kim C. H ... This species is medically important as a host for the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis in East Asia. Parafossarulus manchouricus ... This species is a first intermediate host for Clonorchis sinensis. IUCN (2013). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version ...
... serves as the first intermediate host for the trematode Clonorchis sinensis. Madhyastha A. (2012). "Bithynia ...
... is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) and two related species. ... 6 Jul 2016). "Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, ... Clonorchis sinensis - Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Retrieved on April 14, 2009 For Anisakiasis: WrongDiagnosis: Symptoms ... felineus are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis, so the disease by these three parasites should ...
... these include the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides and the liver flukes Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini and ...
Below are some life cycles of fish parasites that can infect humans: Life cycle of the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis Life ... There are three main kinds of parasites: Clonorchis sinensis (a trematode/fluke), Anisakis (a nematode/roundworm) and ... Clonorchis sinensis - Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Retrieved on April 14, 2009 For Anisakiasis: WrongDiagnosis: Symptoms ...
Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma). Inflammation triggered by the worm's eggs appears to be ...
Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma). Infection is the fourth most important risk factor for ...
Yamanashi and assumed that this was a parasite different from Clonorchis sinensis, the agent of Clonorchis sinensis disease. ...
Along with other helminth parasites Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini, S. haematobium was declared as Group 1 ( ...
... and it carries trematoda such as Clonorchis sinensis, a parasite that can damage the human liver. Pathogens that cause direct ...
Clonorchis sinensis; Clonorchis viverrini gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver East Asia ingestion of under prepared ... Opisthorchis viverrini, Opisthorchis felineus, Clonorchis sinensis bile duct 1.5 million people in Russia consuming infected ...
James McConnell described the human liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, in 1875.[107] Algernon Thomas and Rudolf Leuckart ...
Clonorchis sinensis, liver fluke (human pathogen) (draft 2011[168]). *Echinococcus granulosus, tapeworm (dog pathogen) (2013,[ ... October 2011). "The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis". Genome Biology. 12 (10): R107. doi ... Anopheles sinensis, mosquito (vector of vivax malaria, lympahtic filariasis and Setaria infections), (2014)[122] ... "GigaDB Dataset - DOI 10.5524/100077 - Genomic data of the Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis)". doi:10.5524/100077.. ...
Hong ST, Fang Y (March 2012). "Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update". Parasitology International. 61 (1): 17-24. ... or Clonorchis sinensis (found in China, Taiwan, eastern Russia, Korea, and Vietnam)[19][20] has been associated with the ...
Clonorchiasis disebabkan oleh kebetulan hati Tiongkok Clonorchis sinensis.[9]. Referensi[sunting , sunting sumber]. *^ a b " ... "Collection of Clonorchis sinensis adult worms from infected humans after praziquantel treatment". The Korean Journal of ...
... compounds2 Ciclosporin Clonorchis sinensis (infection with) Cyclophosphamide 1,2-Dichloropropane Diethylstilboestrol Epstein- ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum/Dicrocoelium hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica/gigantica ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum/Dicrocoelium hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica/gigantica ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum/Dicrocoelium hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica/gigantica ...
Clonorchis sinensis Clostridium difficile colitis Clostridium difficile Coccidioidomycosis Coccidioides immitis and ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum/Dicrocoelium hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica/gigantica ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Clonorchis sinensis[45]. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum[53]. *Echinococcus[45]. *Fasciola hepatica[45]. *Fasciolopsis buski[54] ...
Hong ST, Fang Y. Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update. Parasitol Int. 2012, 61 (1): 17-24. PMID 21741496. doi: ...
Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma).[50] ...
Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis) ପିତ୍ତ ନଳୀ କର୍କଟ ରୋଗ ହୁଏ ।[୩୬]. ବିକୀରଣସମ୍ପାଦନ କରନ୍ତୁ. କର୍କଟ ରୋଗର ୧୦% ବିକୀରଣ ଯୋଗୁ ...
... and Clonorchis sinensis [5].. Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, benzene, kepone, EDB, and asbestos have all been classified as ...
Opisthorchis viverrini i Clonorchis sinensis (holangiokarcinom).[47] Radijacija[uredi - уреди , uredi izvor]. Glavni članak: ...
Clonorchis sinensis (the organism causing Clonorchiasis) and Opisthorchis viverrini (causing Opisthorchiasis) are associated ...
Opisthorchis viverrini at Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma).[26] Radyasyon[baguhin , baguhin ang batayan]. Pangunahing ...
Clonorchis sinensis *Clonorchiasis. *Dicrocoelium dendriticum / D. hospes *Dicrocoeliasis. *Fasciola hepatica / F. gigantica * ...
Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma).[54] ...
Clonorchis sinensis. Ionfhabhtú Clostridium difficile. Clostridium difficile. Coccidioidomycosis. Coccidioides immitis and ...
Media in category "Clonorchis sinensis". The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. ... Clonorchis anterior showing Stoma and oral sucker.jpg 1,981 × 1,234; 671 KB. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Clonorchis_sinensis&oldid=74283287" ... Clonorchis • Species: Clonorchis sinensis Looss, 1907 ... Category:Clonorchis sinensis. From Wikimedia Commons, the free ...
Clonorchis sinensis specimen testing turnaround time is up to 3 days from receipt by the PHO laboratory. ... Clonorchis sinensis specimens are examined by microscopy for eggs following centrifugation procedure using the Formalin/Ethyl- ...
... such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. However, little is known regarding the physicochemical ... In C. sinensis, CsTegu20.6 mRNAs were abundant in adult and metacercariae, but not in the egg. Immunohistochemistry revealed ... In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized ... sinensis. Domain analysis indicated the presence of a calcium-binding EF-hand domain containing a basic helix-loop-helix ...
Cell-Free Expression and In Situ Immobilization of Parasite Proteins from Clonorchis sinensis for Rapid Identification of ...
Composite neuroendocrine and adenocarcinoma of the common bile duct associated with Clonorchis sinensis: A case report. Hepato- ... Composite neuroendocrine and adenocarcinoma of the common bile duct associated with Clonorchis sinensis : A case report. / Se ... Composite neuroendocrine and adenocarcinoma of the common bile duct associated with Clonorchis sinensis : A case report. In: ... Several parasites of Clonorchis sinensis were removed during the percutaneous transbiliary drainage. Endoscopic retrograde ...
Expanded complement of Niemann-Pick type C2-like protein genes in Clonorchis sinensis suggests functions beyond sterol binding ... BACKGROUND: The parasitic flatworm Clonorchis sinensis inhabits the biliary tree of humans and other piscivorous mammals. This ... Expanded complement of Niemann-Pick type C2-like protein genes in Clonorchis sinensis suggests functions beyond sterol binding ... Most C. sinensis proteins were predicted to retain a conserved ML domain and a conserved fold conformation, with a large cavity ...
... of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the ... ... Genetic diversity of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) in the Russian southern Far East based on mtDNA cox1 ... Park G.M., Yong T.S. 2001: Geographical variation of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the ... Keywords: liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, mtDNA, cox1 gene, genetic diversity, phylogeography, Asia. Received: June 20, 2012 ...
Clonorchis sinensis (Figure 3a). Consistent with the protein similarities, the mouse and Clonorchis gene sequences share 69% ... 2011 The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. Genome Biol. 12: R107. doi:10.1186/gb-2011-12- ... Laidx is present in mouse, rat, and the Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis and is not detectable in other mammals, ... Laidx has orthologous copies with the rat and also the 825-MY diverged parasitic Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, the ...
Clonorchis sinensis).. Chinese liver fluke is a parasitic flatworm that causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, jaundice and liver ...
Clonorchis sinensis strain:henan. Clonorchis sinensis strain:henan Genome sequencing and assembly. ... Wang X et al., "The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis.", Genome Biol, 2011 Oct 24;12(10): ... Clonorchis sinensis[Taxonomy ID: 79923]. Eukaryota; Metazoa; Spiralia; Lophotrochozoa; Platyhelminthes; Trematoda; Digenea; ...
Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese liver fluke)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,G7Y6U9,G7Y6U9_CLOSI Annexin OS=Clonorchis sinensis OX=79923 GN=CLF_101908 PE=3 SV=1 ...
Abstract For a determination of which element of Clonorchis sinensis acts as antigen in mammalian infections, rabbits and ... Antigens of Clonorchis Sinensis in Experimental and Human Infections An Analysis by Gel-Diffusion Technique*,† * T. Sun, J. B. ... For a determination of which element of Clonorchis sinensis acts as antigen in mammalian infections, rabbits and guinea pigs ...
... it was found that young adult Clonorchis sinensis, after excystation in the duodenum, are capable of making their way to the ... Studies on Clonorchis Sinensis. I. Observation on the Route of Migration in the Definitive Host * Dale E. Wykoff1, Tibor J. ... it was found that young adult Clonorchis sinensis, after excystation in the duodenum, are capable of making their way to the ...
However, the role of Rab18 GTPase in regulation of lipid metabolism in Clonorchis sinensis is unknown yet. In order to shed ... CsRab18 transcripts were detected in the cDNA of adult worm, metacercaria, cercaria and egg of Clonorchis sinensis, and were ... Expression and characterization of Rab18 gene in Clonorchis sinensis. There has been an accumulation of evidence to suggest ... a gene encoding Rab18 was isolated from Clonorchis sinensis adult cDNA. Recombinant CsRab18 was expressed and purified from ...
Clonorchis sinensis, is a biological carcinogen of humans and is the cause of death of infectious cancer patients in China and ... sinensis-associated CCA microenvironment. Co-cultured HuCCT1 cells exhibited increased motility in response to C. sinensis ESPs ... Our findings enable an understanding of the mechanisms underlying the etiology of C. sinensis-associated CCA, and, therefore, ... sinensis ESPs; therefore, this model represents a C. ...
Three immunodiagnosis kits targeting IgG antibody had high performance on detecting chronic Clonorchis sinensis infection, but ... Hong ST, Fang Y. Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update. Parasitol Int. 2012;61:17-24.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ... Hong ST, Choi MH, Kim CH, Chung BS, Ji Z. The Kato-Katz method is reliable for diagnosis of Clonorchis sinensis infection. ... Correlation of egg counts of Clonorchis sinensis by three methods of fecal examination. Korean J Parasitol. 2005;43:115-7.View ...
... induced by Clonorchis sinensis, a parasite of significance in human health. In the present study, the primary mouse ... Our data for the first time demonstrate that ESP of C. sinensis can potently induce secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines via ... The results showed that ESP of C. sinensis significantly increased the expression of TLR4 which promoted the expression of ... sinensis, respectively. The expressions of TLR4 and relative cytokines were determined using western blot and a bead-based ...
This is also a common method for Clonorchis diagnosis.. How is clonorchis sinensis transmitted? ... One of the Most Dangerous Parasites, Clonorchis Sinensis Blog Jan 14, 2016 ... Clonorchis sinensis, also called liver fluke, parasitizes in human or mammalian bile ducts. Eggs mixed with the bile enter the ... Clonorchis suck eggs are found in feces, which is the only apparent evidence of Clonorchis. In general the eggs can be found ...
EXPRESSION OF CYSTEINE PROTEINASE OF CLONORCHIS SINENSIS AND ITS USE IN SERODIAGNOSIS OF CLONORCHIASIS Byoung-Kuk Na; Byoung- ... A gene encoding cysteine proteinase from Clonorchis sinensis has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The cysteine ... EXPRESSION OF CYSTEINE PROTEINASE OF CLONORCHIS SINENSIS AND ITS USE IN SERODIAGNOSIS OF CLONORCHIASIS. J Parasitol 1 October ...
Jun kyong Cho, Sung-Weon Cho; Shared Epitope for Monoclonal IR162 Between Anisakis simplex Larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and ... By western blot analysis, IR162 detected bands in crude extracts of Anisakis simplex larvae, Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus ... Shared Epitope for Monoclonal IR162 Between Anisakis simplex Larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and Cross-Reactivity Between ... Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR ...
Clonorchis sinensis. Clonorchis ("liver fluke") infects the liver, gallbladder, and bile ducts. In addition to humans, the ... Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola hepatica, Opisthorchis viverrini) and the intestinal flukes (Fasciolopsis buski, Heterophyes ... the most commonly encountered trematodes in this population are Paragonimus westermani and Clonorchis sinensis, which are ... Chronic infection with Clonorchis sinensis has been associated with biliary cancer, and the International Agency for Research ...
When related to Clonorchis sinensis, definitive diagnosis is by identification of eggs by microscopic demonstration in faeces ... Cholangitis Cholecystitis Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis Hepaticojejunostomy Cirrhosis Tsui, Wilson; Chan, Yiu-kay; Wong, ... Hepatolithiasis is associated with Clonorchis sinensis and Ascaris lumbricoides infestation of the liver. This theory is based ...
Clonorchis sinensis Archived 2008-03-17 at the Wayback Machine. Web Atlas of Medical Pathology, accessed 1 April 2009. Kim C. H ... This species is medically important as a host for the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis in East Asia. Parafossarulus manchouricus ... This species is a first intermediate host for Clonorchis sinensis. IUCN (2013). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version ...
Clonorchis sinensis is considered a parasite as an adult fluke. It is found in the biliary systems of its hosts, which range ... Clonorchis sinensis is found mainly in eastern Asia and south Pacific Asia. Its common name, Chinese liver fluke, comes from ... Part of the Clonorchis sinensis life cycle takes place in an aquatic habitat. The first intermediate host is always a snail of ... Clonorchis sinensis is hermaphroditic therefore every single sexually mature fluke will produce eggs. Each adult yields a daily ...
Learn Clonorchis Sinensis - Trematodes - Microbiology - Medicine faster and easier with Picmonics unforgettable images and ...
Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1907) is a liver fluke of human which lives in the bile duct. It is an important parasite of ... Clonorchis sinensis. 2015 February;53(1). Ultrastructure of Spermatogenesis in the Testis of Paragonimus heterotremus. 2013 ... Immunohistochemical staining of adult Clonorchis sinensis. A. Normal control serum shows no positive reaction. B. Staining with ... A Clonorchis sinensis-specific antigen that detects active human clonorchiasis. Korean J Parasitol 1998;36: 37-45. PMID: ...
The worms were identified as Clonorchis sinensis (also called Opisthorchis sinensis). The patient was given praziquantel and ... Acute cholangitis and pancreatitis are rare but important complications of C. sinensis infestation.. Click here for background ... Clonorchis may persist in the biliary tree for decades, and prolonged infestation is associated with the development of ...
Lee, J. S., Lee, J., Park, S. J., & Yong, T. S. (2003). Analysis of the genes expressed in Clonorchis sinensis adults using the ... N2 - Clonorchis sinensis is a biliary tract parasite, which infects over 30 million people in China, Korea and Southeast Asia ... AB - Clonorchis sinensis is a biliary tract parasite, which infects over 30 million people in China, Korea and Southeast Asia ... Clonorchis sinensis is a biliary tract parasite, which infects over 30 million people in China, Korea and Southeast Asia ...
Clonorchis sinensis is a fish-borne trematode causing an endemic disease in East Asian countries such as Korea, China, and ... Developmental transcriptomic features of the carcinogenic liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2011;5: e1208.. ... Clonorchis sinensis habitating in the bile duct of mammals causes clonorchiasis endemic in East Asian countries. Parkin is a ... C. sinensis total RNA and quantitative real-time PCR. C. sinensis adult and metacercariae were ground into powder in liquid ...
During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, adult worms resembling Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) were drained. ... it was reported that the prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis ) was 1.9%, and about 932,540 residents were estimated ... Clonorchis sinensis Infection Presenting as Acute Cholangitis and Acute Cholecystitis. Yu Mi Yang1, Hanlim Choi2, Dong Hee Ryu2 ... Clonorchis sinensis Infection Presenting as Acute Cholangitis and Acute Cholecystitis. 급성 담낭염과 급성 담관염을 보인 간디스토마 감염증 ...
Currently, it is estimated that more than 200 million people are at risk of C. sinensis infection, and over 15 million are ... C. sinensis infection is closely related to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), fibrosis and other human hepatobiliary diseases; thus, ... Newer data regarding the pathogenesis of clonorchiasis and the genome, transcriptome and secretome of C. sinensis are collected ... sinensis), is an important food-borne parasitic disease and one of the most common zoonoses. ...
Clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis is endemic in East Asia; approximately 15 million people have been infected thus ... Serodiagnostic antigens of Clonorchis sinensis identified and evaluated by high-throughput proteogenomics Pyo Yun Cho 1 2 , Ji- ... Serodiagnostic antigens of Clonorchis sinensis identified and evaluated by high-throughput proteogenomics Pyo Yun Cho et al. ... Clonorchis sinensis: glutathione S-transferase as a serodiagnostic antigen for detecting IgG and IgE antibodies. Hong SJ, Yun ...
The liverfluke Clonorchis sinensis living in germ-filled environments could be a good source of antimicrobials. Here, we report ... sinensis. To screen AMP candidates, in silico analyses based on the physicochemicalproperties of known AMPs, such as length, ... The liverfluke Clonorchis sinensis living in germ-filled environments could be a good source of antimicrobials. Here, we report ... Genome-wide identification of antimicrobial peptides in the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. The increase in prevalence of ...
Clonorchis sinensis Size: 151 kB. Description: Adult liver fluke crawling from bile duct of transected cirrhotic liver.. ...
Clonorchis sinensis Size: 177 kB. Description: Adult in bile duct which shows marked hyperplasia of epithelium.. Uploaded: 10/ ...
  • Laidx has orthologous copies with the rat and also the 825-MY diverged parasitic Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis , the likely result of a horizontal gene transfer of rodent Laidx to an ancestor of the liver fluke. (g3journal.org)
  • and Chinese liver fluke ( Clonorchis sinensis ). (heritagedaily.com)
  • BACKGROUND: The parasitic flatworm Clonorchis sinensis inhabits the biliary tree of humans and other piscivorous mammals. (edu.au)
  • Functional explorations of this protein family should elucidate the mechanisms enabling the establishment and survival of C. sinensis and related flukes in the biliary systems of mammalian hosts. (edu.au)
  • Cell-Free Expression and In Situ Immobilization of Parasite Proteins from Clonorchis sinensis for Rapid Identification of Antigenic Candidates. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • METHODS: We used an established comparative genomic-bioinformatic approach to curate NPC2-like proteins encoded in published genomes of Korean and Chinese isolates of C. sinensis. (edu.au)
  • RESULTS: Totals of 35 and 32 C. sinensis NPC2-like proteins were predicted to be encoded in the genomes of the Korean and Chinese isolates, respectively. (edu.au)
  • Most C. sinensis proteins were predicted to retain a conserved ML domain and a conserved fold conformation, with a large cavity within the protein. (edu.au)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present investigation confirms an expansion of NPC2-like proteins in C. sinensis, suggesting a diverse array of functions beyond sterol binding and transport. (edu.au)
  • It is suggested that this tumor could arise from a multipotential stem cell and showed neuroendocrine and glandular differentiation and that Clonorchis sinensis could be a predisposing factor, as in cholangiocarcinoma. (elsevier.com)
  • Several parasites of Clonorchis sinensis were removed during the percutaneous transbiliary drainage. (elsevier.com)
  • Thus, here we curated the NPC2-like protein gene complement in C. sinensis, and predicted their conserved and/or divergent functional roles. (edu.au)
  • Non-canonical C. sinensis NPC2-like protein-coding domains clustered into four distinct phylogenetic groups with members of a group frequently encoded on the same genome scaffolds. (edu.au)
  • Clonorchis sinensis specimens are examined by microscopy for eggs following centrifugation procedure using the Formalin/Ethyl-Acetate Concentration Method. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • We report a composite glandular-endocrine cell carcinoma of the common bile duct in a 64-year-old Korean man which was associated with Clonorchis sinensis. (elsevier.com)
  • Clonorchis sinensis specimen testing turnaround time is up to 3 days from receipt by the PHO laboratory. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • Clonorchis may persist in the biliary tree for decades, and prolonged infestation is associated with the development of cholangiocarcinoma. (themicrobiologyblog.com)
  • It is suggested that this tumor could arise from a multipotential stem cell and showed neuroendocrine and glandular differentiation and that Clonorchis sinensis could be a predisposing factor, as in cholangiocarcinoma. (elsevier.com)
  • Clonorchis sinensis, an Oriental Liver Fluke, as a Human Biological Agent (Carcinogen) of Cholangiocarcinoma: A Brief Review. (medscape.com)
  • Moreover, chronic infection with C. sinensis may cause more severe diseases such as cholangiocarcinoma [ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese or oriental liver fluke) is an important foodborne pathogen and cause of liver disease in Asia. (cdc.gov)
  • Genetic characterization was carried out in order to reveal the geographical variations of the oriental liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae), collected in Korea and China. (yonsei.ac.kr)
  • For a determination of which element of Clonorchis sinensis acts as antigen in mammalian infections, rabbits and guinea pigs were immunized with extracts of whole flukes and of eggs, and with metabolic products of flukes. (ajtmh.org)
  • In rabbits having no open passageway between the intestine and biliary passages through which flukes could crawl, it was found that young adult Clonorchis sinensis , after excystation in the duodenum, are capable of making their way to the liver and developing there to adulthood. (ajtmh.org)
  • To prepare organ-specific antigens of C. sinensis , such as the testis, sperm, vitellaria, egg, and intestinal fluid, the adult flukes were dissected by individual organs. (parasitol.kr)
  • Functional explorations of this protein family should elucidate the mechanisms enabling the establishment and survival of C. sinensis and related flukes in the biliary systems of mammalian hosts. (edu.au)
  • Foodborne trematodiasis, which is caused by liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola spp. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In addition to the infestation of the liver by Clonorchis, which is prevalent in East Asia, many other disorders are caused by flukes. (infoplease.com)
  • The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. (nih.gov)
  • The human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis affects more than 35 million people in South East Asia and 15 million in China. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The human liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, has a life cycle that requires two intermediate hosts, snails and fish. (infoplease.com)
  • Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR-Cs) were important antigens with respect to induction of specific IgG in human infections with these 2 organisms. (allenpress.com)
  • In the present study, we prepared soluble antigens of ES protein, intestinal fluid, testis, sperm, vitellaria, and eggs of C. sinensis separately and compared their antigenic components to overview its antigenic proteins. (parasitol.kr)
  • Jun Kyong Cho, KC & Cho, S-W 2000, ' Shared epitope for monoclonal IR162 between Anisakis simplex larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and cross-reactivity between antigens ', Journal of Parasitology , vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 1145-1149. (elsevier.com)
  • Clonorchis sinensis is a fish-borne trematode causing an endemic disease in East Asian countries such as Korea, China, and northern Vietnam. (parasitol.kr)
  • C. sinensis is a fish-borne trematode. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In endemic areas, there are at least 15 million people infected with C. sinensis over the world ( Hong, 2003 ). (parasitol.kr)
  • The patient lived in a non-endemic region for C. sinensis infection and had no history of intake of raw or undercooked freshwater fishes. (kjpbt.org)
  • South Korea is one of the endemic countries for C. sinensis infection and people can be infected via indirect routes of transmission such as cooking utensils. (kjpbt.org)
  • Figure A: Shells of Parafossarulus manchouricus , the most common snail host of C. sinensis in endemic areas in southeast Asia. (cdc.gov)
  • Clonorchis sinensis, also called liver fluke, parasitizes in human or mammalian bile ducts. (technologynetworks.com)
  • This species is medically important as a host for the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis in East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metacercaria - In this form, C. sinensis is encysted and does not look like a fluke. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Adult - As an adult, C. sinensis is a very narrow fluke, 10-25 mm. in length, flattened dorsal-ventrally, with Trematode characteristics such as an oral/anterior sucker, a ventral sucker (also known as the acetabulum), no blood circulatory system, and no body cavity. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1907) is a liver fluke of human which lives in the bile duct. (parasitol.kr)
  • Abstract: We examined the phylogeography and the variation of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene ( cox1 ) of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the Russian southern Far East and compared them with those from different geographical regions (China, Korea, Japan and Vietnam). (cas.cz)
  • The human liver fluke Clonorchis s. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The complete genome sequence the genome of C. sinensis , published in BioMed Central's open access journal Genome Biology , has provided insight into the biochemical pathways available to the fluke and shows that they are lacking enzymes required for fatty acid biosynthesis. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Prof Xinbing concludes, "Genomic information is not only able to help us understand evolution but the sequence of C. sinensis is helping us understand liver fluke biology. (bio-medicine.org)
  • RT "The genome and transcriptome sequence of Clonorchis sinensis provide RT insights into the carcinogenic liver fluke. (genome.jp)
  • In spite of molecular techniques including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) being successfully applied in the diagnosis of C. sinensis infection [ 16 - 19 ], sample contamination and high costs hinder their application in large-scale surveys in the field. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is also a common method for Clonorchis diagnosis. (technologynetworks.com)
  • A diagnosis of C. sinensis infection was made. (kjpbt.org)
  • In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized by molecular and in silico methods. (mdpi.com)
  • In order to shed light on the specific and vital targets that are for Clonorchis sinensis treatment and control, a gene encoding Rab18 was isolated from Clonorchis sinensis adult cDNA. (alliedacademies.org)
  • CsRab18 transcripts were detected in the cDNA of adult worm, metacercaria, cercaria and egg of Clonorchis sinensis , and were highly expressed in the metacercaria. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Cercaria - In this stage, C. sinensis resembles a small adult with a tail, which it loses upon penetration of the second intermediate host. (animaldiversity.org)
  • During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, adult worms resembling Clonorchis sinensis ( C. sinensis ) were drained. (kjpbt.org)
  • The adult worms of C. sinensis (a) mainly live in the bile ducts of the definitive hosts (A) (human beings, dogs, cats, mice, etc. ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Figure A: Adult of C. sinensis . (cdc.gov)
  • Figure B: Adult of C. sinensis stained with carmine. (cdc.gov)
  • To identify and characterize miRNAs expressed in adult C. sinensis residing chronically in the biliary tract, we developed an integrative approach combining deep sequencing and bioinformatic predictions with stem-loop real-time PCR analysis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • From the C. sinensis transcriptome and genome, many genes were characterized to play important roles in C. sinensis metabolism and/or pathogenesis to the hosts, but not parkin gene yet. (parasitol.kr)
  • Here, we report the use of arational protocol that combines AMP predictions based on their physicochemical properties and their in vivo stability to discoverAMP candidates from the entire genome of C. sinensis. (omictools.com)
  • Non-canonical C. sinensis NPC2-like protein-coding domains clustered into four distinct phylogenetic groups with members of a group frequently encoded on the same genome scaffolds. (edu.au)
  • In the present study, the primary mouse intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells (MIBECs) were pre-treated with TLR4 inhibitor peptide or control peptide and then stimulated by excretory/secretory products (ESP) of C. sinensis , respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In Korea, it is well known that human infection of C. sinensis is widely distributed along the major rivers and streams ( Rim, 1986 ) and the prevalence of C. sinensis infection was 1.4% over the country ( MHW & KAHP, 1997 ). (parasitol.kr)
  • Therefore, the possibility of C. sinensis infection should be considered in patients presenting with biliary diseases in South Korea. (kjpbt.org)
  • In a nationwide survey conducted in 2012, it was reported that the prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis ( C. sinensis ) was 1.9%, and about 932,540 residents were estimated to be infected in South Korea [ 2 ]. (kjpbt.org)
  • In conclusion, three populations of C. sinensis from Korea and China showed high homogeneity in the nucleotide sequences of the 18S rDNA, ITS2 and mtCOI gene. (yonsei.ac.kr)
  • The other is Clonorchis sinensis, which is common in rural areas of Korea and China. (va.gov)
  • There were two miRNA strategies in C. sinensis for its parasitic life: keeping a large category of miRNA families of different animals and keeping stringent conserved seed regions with high active innovation in other places of miRNAs mainly in the middle and the end, which were perfect for the parasite to perform its complex life style and for host changes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • BACKGROUND: The parasitic flatworm Clonorchis sinensis inhabits the biliary tree of humans and other piscivorous mammals. (edu.au)
  • The present results show that the 7-kDa protein is a common antigen of every part or organ of C. sinensis , but different organs express their specific antigenic protein bands. (parasitol.kr)
  • Application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting cox1 gene for the detection of Clonorchis sinensis in human fecal sa. (cdc.gov)
  • Primer sets used for amplification of the Clonorchis sinensis cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 ( cox1 ) gene by the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique. (cdc.gov)
  • Of 295 records that specified a parasite, more than 50% were positive for Giardia , 36% for Dientamoeba , 20% for Entamoeba , and 2% or less for Ascaris , Clonorchis , hookworm, Schistosoma , Strongyloides , and Trichuris . (cdc.gov)
  • citation needed] Hepatolithiasis is associated with Clonorchis sinensis and Ascaris lumbricoides infestation of the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • A gene encoding cysteine proteinase from Clonorchis sinensis has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli . (allenpress.com)
  • The present expressed sequence tag analysis proved to be an effective tool for examining gene expression and identified several important genes which increase and complement our knowledge of the biology of C. sinensis. (elsevier.com)
  • Thus, here we curated the NPC2-like protein gene complement in C. sinensis, and predicted their conserved and/or divergent functional roles. (edu.au)
  • Six primers targeting eight locations on the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene of C. sinensis were designed for species-specific amplification using the LAMP assay. (cdc.gov)
  • This species is a first intermediate host for Clonorchis sinensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The host range is relatively broad and C. sinensis is able to infect multiple species of snails and more than 100 species of freshwater fish as intermediate hosts. (cdc.gov)
  • The C. sinensis cDNA library was constructed and DNA sequencing was performed with 450 randomly selected clones. (elsevier.com)
  • A cDNA clone of C. sinensis was predicted to encode a polypeptide homologous to parkin (CsParkin) including 5 domains (Ubl, RING0, RING1, IBR, and RING2). (parasitol.kr)
  • However, little is known of the roles of TLR4 in the immune responses of biliary epithelial cells (BECs) induced by Clonorchis sinensis , a parasite of significance in human health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genes expressed in C. sinensis adults were identified in order to develop novel drugs, better diagnostics and vaccines for the parasite. (elsevier.com)
  • From these results, it is suggested that CsParkin play roles in energy metabolism of the locomotive organs, and possibly in protein metabolism of the reproductive organs of C. sinensis . (parasitol.kr)
  • To enhance in vivo stability, C. sinensis protein sequences that had proteolytic cleavage sites were excluded. (omictools.com)
  • However, since C. sinensis is mainly in specific regions of the world, certain kinds of freshwater fish are normally found to be second intermediate hosts. (animaldiversity.org)
  • There are three hosts in the life cycle of C. sinensis including freshwater snails (the first intermediate hosts), freshwater fish and occasionally shrimps (the second intermediate hosts), and human or carnivorous mammals (the definitive hosts). (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition to humans, cats, dogs, and other carnivorous mammals can serve as natural reservoir hosts of C. sinensis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Snail intermediate hosts of C. sinensis . (cdc.gov)
  • Native CsParkin was determined to have an estimated molecular weight of 45.7 kDa from C. sinensis adults by immunoblotting. (parasitol.kr)
  • C. sinensis adults. (cdc.gov)
  • Clonorchis sinensis adults are flattened, lance shaped, and measure approximately 10 to 25 mm long by 3 to 5 mm wide. (cdc.gov)
  • Freshwater fish is well-known as the major second intermediate host for C. sinensis , which can infect humans who ingest infected fish that is raw or undercooked [ 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The C. sinensis parasitemia was treated with praziquantel, 25 mg/kg 3 times daily for 2 days. (cmaj.ca)
  • We report a composite glandular-endocrine cell carcinoma of the common bile duct in a 64-year-old Korean man which was associated with Clonorchis sinensis. (elsevier.com)
  • There was strong bias on families, family members and sequence nucleotides in C. sinensis . (biomedcentral.com)