Clonorchis sinensis: A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.Clonorchiasis: Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Opisthorchis: A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. It consists of the following species: O. felineus, O. noverca (Amphimerus noverca), and O. viverrini. The intermediate hosts are snails, fish, and AMPHIBIANS.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Metacercariae: Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.Opisthorchiasis: Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.Heterophyidae: A family of intestinal flukes of the class Trematoda which occurs in animals and man. Some of the genera are Heterophyes, Metagonimus, Cryptocotyle, Stellantchasmus, and Euryhelmis.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Praziquantel: An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.Parasite Egg Count: Determination of parasite eggs in feces.DNA, Helminth: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.Cholecystolithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the GALLBLADDER.Anthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.Citrus sinensis: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.Camellia sinensis: Camellia sinensis L. (formerly Thea sinensis) is an evergreen Asiatic shrub of the THEACEAE family. The infusion of leaves of this plant is used as Oriental TEA which contains CAFFEINE; THEOPHYLLINE; and epigallocatechin gallate.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Antigens, Helminth: Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.Antiplatyhelmintic Agents: Agents used to treat cestode, trematode, or other flatworm infestations in man or animals.Osmeriformes: An order of fish including smelts, galaxiids, and salamanderfish.Cellophane: A generic name for film produced from wood pulp by the viscose process. It is a thin, transparent sheeting of regenerated cellulose, moisture-proof and sometimes dyed, and used chiefly as food wrapping or as bags for dialysis. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Food Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.PhenylenediaminesHelminth Proteins: Proteins found in any species of helminth.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Cordyceps: A genus of ascomycetous fungi (ASCOMYCOTA), family Clavicipitaceae, order HYPOCREALES, that grows by infecting insect larvae or mature insects with spores that germinate often before the cocoon is formed.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Pathology Department, Hospital: Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Platyhelminths: A phylum of acoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical flatworms, without a definite anus. It includes three classes: Cestoda, Turbellaria, and Trematoda.Cell-Free System: A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)Russia (Pre-1917)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Opisthorchidae: A family of lanceolate liver flukes of the class Trematoda which occurs in animals and man. There are several genera including Amphimerus, Cyclorchis, Delphinicola, Metorchis, Parametorchis, Phocitrema, Clonorchis, and Opisthorchis.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Parasites: Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)BooksBiological Therapy: Treatment of diseases with biological materials or biological response modifiers, such as the use of GENES; CELLS; TISSUES; organs; SERUM; VACCINES; and humoral agents.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.

Identification of IgE-reacting Clonorchis sinensis antigens. (1/114)

Clonorchis sinensis is a liver fluke and it is the most prevalent human parasite in Korea at present. The parasite infection induces immune responses, characteristically an increased production of parasite-specific IgE in the host. Major IgE-reacting C. sinensis antigens in infected humans have been protein bands with MWs of 15, 28, 37, 45, 51, 56, 62, 66, 74, 97 and 160 KD identified by immunoblot analysis. Individual variations of the IgE binding pattern to C. sinensis antigens have also been documented. Using immune BALB/c mouse sera, IgE-reacting protein bands have been visualized with MWs of 28, 74, 86, 160 and several > 200 KD. One of the most strongly reacted C. sinensis antigenic proteins with a molecular weight of 28 KD was purified by gel filtration and preparative electrophoresis. Using a monoclonal antibody produced against the antigenic protein, the protein was localized in the parasite's intestine, and also found to be contained in excretory-secretory antigens.  (+info)

Little effect of praziquantel or artemisinin on clonorchiasis in Northern Vietnam. A pilot study. (2/114)

The first choice for treatment of Clonorchis sinensis infections is praziquantel. Experimental data suggest that artemisinin derivatives are active against C. sinensis. The efficacy of both drugs against clonorchiasis was evaluated in a pilot study in clonorchiasis patients in an endemic area in the North of Vietnam. Twenty-one patients received praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for three days, the regular regimen in that area, and 21 patients were treated with artemisinin 500 mg b.i.d. for 5 days. Faecal egg counts were performed before as well as 6 days and 5 weeks after treatment. In the praziquantel group the faecal egg count decreased significantly from a mean value of 1632 eggs per gram faeces (epg) to 37 epg 5 weeks after treatment (P < 0.01) but, surprisingly, the eradication rate (95% confidence limit) at week 5 was only 29% (11-52%). In the artemisinin-treated group the reduction of the egg count was insignificant: from 1103 to 542 epg (P > 0.05). The proportion of patients (95% c.l.) with C. sinensis eggs in their stool on week 5 was 90% (70-99%) in the artemisinin group and 71% (48-89%) in the praziquantel group (P > 0.05) and the eradication rate (95% c.l.) at week 5 was only 10% (1-30%). With a sensitivity of detection of eggs in stool > 0.89, this implies a statistically significant but clinically unsatisfactory reduction for treatment with praziquantel. Sensitivity is probably less. For artemisinin there was no significant reduction. In conclusion, for human clonorchiasis in the North of Vietnam, the efficacy of praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for 3 days was unsatisfactory and artemisinin for 5 days is not an effective alternative.  (+info)

Usefulness of IgG4 subclass antibodies for diagnosis of human clonorchiasis. (3/114)

The present study analyzed serum IgG subclass antibody reaction to major antigenic bands of Clonorchis sinensis to investigate improvement of its serodiagnosis. Of the four subclass antibodies, IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies were produced but not specific, IgG3 antibody was least produced, and IgG4 antibody was prominent and specific. The serum IgG antibody reaction to any of 43-50, 34-37, 26-28, and 8 kDa bands was found in 65.5% of 168 egg positive cases while IgG4 antibody reaction was found in 22.0% of them. The positive rates of IgG and IgG4 antibodies were directly correlated with the intensity of infection. All of the sera from heavily infected cases over EPG 5,000 showed positive reaction for specific IgG and IgG4 antibodies. The specific serum IgG4 antibody disappeared within 6 months after treatment. The bands of 35 kDa and 67 kDa cross-reacted with IgG antibodies but not with IgG4 antibodies in sera of other trematode infections. The present findings suggest that serum IgG4 antibody reaction to 8 kDa band is specific but not sensitive. Any method to increase its sensitivity is required for improved serodiagnosis.  (+info)

Isozyme electrophoresis patterns of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis from Kimhae, Korea and from Shenyang, China. (4/114)

An enzyme analysis of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis from Kimhae, Korea and from Shenyang, China was conducted using a horizontal starch gel electrophoresis in order to elucidate their genetic relationships. A total of eight enzymes was employed from two different kinds of buffer systems. Two loci from each enzyme of aconitase and esterase (alpha-Na and beta-Na); and only one locus each from six enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (GPD), 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI), and phosphoglucomutase (PGM) were detected. Most of loci in two populations of C. sinensis showed homozygous monomorphic banding patterns and one of them, GPD was specific as genetic markers between two different populations. However, esterase (alpha-Na), GPD, HBDH and PGI loci showed polymorphic banding patterns. Two populations of C. sinensis were more closely clustered within the range of genetic identity value of 0.998-1.0. In summarizing the above results, two populations of C. sinensis employed in this study showed mostly monomorphic enzyme protein banding patterns, and genetic differences specific between two populations.  (+info)

Partial characterization of a 17 kDa protein of Clonorchis sinensis. (5/114)

A 17 kDa protein from Clonorchis sinensis adults was purified by a procedure including Sephacryl S-200 HR gel filtration and Q-Sepharose anion exchange chromatography. The protein was proved to be a cysteine protease as it showed hydrolytic activity toward Cbz-Phe-Arg-AMC in the presence of dithiothreitol and was inhibited by specific inhibitors such as iodoacetic acid or trans epoxy-succinly-L-leucyl-amido(4-guanidino) butane. The polyclonal antibody raised against the protein reacted to 17 kDa proteins of trematodes such as Paragonimus westermani, Fasciola hepatica, Opisthorchis viverrini, Gymnophalloides seoi, and Metagonimus yokogawai. The antibody recognized the 17 kDa and 16 kDa cysteine proteases purified from C. sinensis, P. westermani, and G. seoi as well. These results suggest that the 17 kDa protein may be a cysteine protease commonly present in trematodes.  (+info)

Chromosomes of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. (6/114)

A karyological study was carried out in order to compared the chromosome numbers, chromosome morphologies and karyotypes of the oriental liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae), collected from Korea and China. Chromosome preparations were made by means of air-drying method. The chromosome number was 2n = 56 in both Korean and Chinese flukes, and chromosomes were divided into two groups based on this size; consisting of 8 pairs of large and 20 pairs of small chromosomes. However, the karyotypes showed some differences between Korean and Chinese flukes. The karyotype of liver flukes from Korea consisted of three metacentric pairs, one meta-/submetacentric pair, 16 submetacentric pairs and eight subtelocentric pairs of chromosomes. On the other hand, liver flukes from China consisted of two metacentric pairs, two meta-/submetacentric pairs, 16 submetacentric pairs and eight subtelocentric pairs of chromosomes.  (+info)

Differentiation of hamster liver oval cell following Clonorchis sinensis infection. (7/114)

Oval cells which appear in the liver after hepatic injuries are suspected to be progenitor cells for both hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Oval cell isolated from the livers of the hamsters treated with diethylnitrosamine and 2-acetylaminofluorene and infected with Clonorchis sinensis (CS). cultured for 2 weeks and evaluated for differentiation and plasticity by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. In the CS-uninfected group, glycogen granules and peroxisomes were noted in the cells that were cultured for 2 weeks. Starting at 1 week postculture, immunoreactivity of the cells to cytokeratin 19 markedly decreased but that to albumin and alpha-fetoprotein gradually increased. This means that oval cells isolated from hamsters that were not infected with CS differentiated toward hepatocyte lineage. However, in the CS-infected group, cultured cells contained numerous rough endoplasmic reticulum and showed immunoreactivity that was generally in reverse to that of CS-uninfected group, meaning that cells isolated following CS infection were primed by CS and differentiated toward bile duct cell lineage. The results of this study suggested that oval cells are indeed bipolar progenitor cells for hepatocytes and bile duct cells and can differentiate toward either lineage depending upon the priming factor.  (+info)

Molecular cloning and characterization of an antigenic protein with a repeating region from Clonorchis sinensis. (8/114)

In the course of immunoscreening of Clonorchis sinensis cDNA library, a cDNA CsRP12 containing a tandem repeat was isolated. The cDNA CsRP12 encodes two putative peptides of open reading frames (ORFs) 1 and 2 (CsRP12-1 and -2). The repetitive region is composed of 15 repeats of 10 amino acids. Of the two putative peptides, CsRP12-1 was proline-rich and found to have homologues in several organisms. Recombinant proteins of the putative peptides were bacterially produced and purified by an affinity chromatography. Recombinant CsRP12-1 protein was recognized by sera of clonorchiasis patients and experimental rabbits, but recombinant CsRP12-2 was not. One of the putative peptide, CsRP12-1, is designated CsPRA, proline-rich antigen of C. sinensis. Both the C-termini of CsRP12-1 and -2 were bacterially produced and analysed to show no antigenicity. Recombinant CsPRA protein showed high sensitivity and specificity. In experimental rabbits, IgG antibodies to CsPRA was produced between 4 and 8 weeks after the infection and decreased thereafter over one year. These results indicate that CsPRA is equivalent to a natural protein and a useful antigenic protein for serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis.  (+info)

*Clonorchis sinensis

Discovery of Clonorchis Sinensis Chong, Ken (November 2010). "Clonorchis sinensis in Raw Freshwater Fish". Food Safety Focus. ... "Clonorchis sinensis". Animal Diversity Web. "Clonorchis". Parasites. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Clonorchis sinensis, the Chinese liver fluke, is a human liver fluke belonging to the class Trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthes. ... Kim, TS; Pak, JH; Kim, JB; Bahk, YY (2016). "Clonorchis sinensis, an oriental liver fluke, as a human biological agent of ...

*Parafossarulus manchouricus

Clonorchis sinensis. Web Atlas of Medical Pathology, accessed 1 April 2009. Kim C. H. "Study on some differences between ... This species is medically important as a host for the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis in East Asia. Parafossarulus manchouricus ... This species is a first intermediate host for Clonorchis sinensis. IUCN (2013). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version ...

*Opisthorchis viverrini

"A New PCR-Based Approach Indicates the Range of Clonorchis sinensis Now Extends to Central Thailand". PLoS Neglected Tropical ... O. viverrini (together with Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis felineus) is one of the three most medically important species ... Doanh, Pham N.; Nawa, Yukifumi (2016). "Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis spp. in Vietnam: current status and prospects". ... "Unlocking the Transcriptomes of Two Carcinogenic Parasites, Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini". PLoS Neglected ...

*Carcinogen

Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis . Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, benzene, kepone, EDB, and asbestos have all ...

*Cholangiocarcinoma

Hong ST, Fang Y (2012). "Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update". Parasitol Int. 61 (1): 17-24. doi:10.1016/j.parint. ... Colonization with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini (found in Thailand, Laos PDR, and Vietnam) or Clonorchis sinensis ( ... infection with the parasitic liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini or Clonorchis sinensis, some congenital liver malformations, ...

*Opisthorchiasis

Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini are both categorized by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ... "A New PCR-Based Approach Indicates the Range of Clonorchis sinensis Now Extends to Central Thailand". PLoS Neglected Tropical ... caused by Clonorchis sinensis). About 80% of infected people have no symptoms, though they can have eosinophilia. Asymptomatic ... Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini". PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 4 (6): e719. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd. ...

*Parafossarulus striatulus

... is a host for: Clonorchis sinensis Metorchis orientalis Echinochasmus japonicus Parafossarulus ... Experimental establishment of life cycle of Clonorchis sinensis]". Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 27 ...

*List of sequenced animal genomes

2011). "The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis". Genome Biology. 12 (10): R107. doi:10.1186 ... Clonorchis sinensis, liver fluke (human pathogen) (draft 2011) Echinococcus granulosus, tapeworm (dog pathogen) (2013, 2013) ... Pelodiscus sinensis, soft-shelled turtle (2013) Chrysemys picta bellii, western painted turtle (2013) Order Accipitriformes ... Anopheles sinensis, mosquito (vector of vivax malaria, lympahtic filariasis and Setaria infections), (2014) Anopheles ...

*Phosphoglycerate mutase

"Molecular cloning and characterization of a phosphoglycerate mutase gene from Clonorchis sinensis". Parasitology research. 101 ...

*Johannes Fibiger

Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis are now established to cause cancer in humans. Norrby, Erling (2010). Nobel ... Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini". PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 4 (6): e719. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000719. PMC 2889816 ...

*Bithynia fuchsiana

... serves as the first intermediate host for the trematode Clonorchis sinensis. Madhyastha A. (2012). "Bithynia ...

*Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis

Hepatolithiasis is associated with Clonorchis sinensis and Ascaris lumbricoides infestation of the liver. This theory is based ...

*Parafossarulus anomalospiralis

1985). Parafossarulus anomalospiralis is the first intermediate host for: trematode Clonorchis sinensis IUCN (2015). The IUCN ...

*Bithynia misella

... is the first intermediate host for: trematode Clonorchis sinensis Madhyastha A. (2012). "Bithynia misella". In ...

*Koreoleptoxis amurensis

... serves as the first intermediate host for Clonorchis sinensis in China and as the first intermediate ... "Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, prevention and ...

*Assiminea lutea

Parafossarulus anomalospiralis is the first intermediate host for: trematode Clonorchis sinensis World Health Organization ( ...

*Dicrocoelium dendriticum

... is distinguished by lobed testes in the anterior of the body, as opposed to Clonorchis sinensis whose ... Dicrocoelium dendriticum has a similar morphology to Clonorchis sinensis, the Chinese liver fluke. ...

*Bithynia (gastropod)

"A New PCR-Based Approach Indicates the Range of Clonorchis sinensis Now Extends to Central Thailand". PLoS Neglected Tropical ...

*Liver fluke

Kim, TS; Pak, JH; Kim, JB; Bahk, YY (2016). "Clonorchis sinensis, an oriental liver fluke, as a human biological agent of ... Clonorchis sinensis (the Chinese liver fluke, or the Oriental liver fluke) Dicrocoelium dendriticum (the lancet liver fluke) ...

*Clonorchiasis

... is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, and two related species. ... Clonorchis sinensis - Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Retrieved on April 14, 2009 For Anisakiasis: WrongDiagnosis: Symptoms ... Clonorchiasis sinensis is a trematode (fluke) which is part of the phylum Platyhelminthes. It is a hermaphroditic fluke that ... by Opisthorchis viverrini and by Opisthorchis felineus are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis, ...

*Carcinogenesis

These include: Clonorchis sinensis (the organism causing Clonorchiasis) and Opisthorchis viverrini (causing Opisthorchiasis) ...

*Trematoda

This group includes the lung fluke, Paragonimus westermani, and the liver flukes, Clonorchis sinensis and Fasciola hepatica. ... Clonorchis, Opisthorchis, Fasciola and Paragonimus species, the foodborne trematodes, are another. Other diseases are caused by ...

*Tribendimidine

Clonorchis sinensis, and Opisthorchis viverrini". Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 51 (3): 1096-8. doi:10.1128/AAC.01366-06. PMC ...

*Parafossarulus spiridonovi

... in fauna of the USSR and their role as intermediate hosts of the trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1857)]". Бюллетень ... фауны СССР и их значение как промежуточных хозяев трематоды Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1857). [Molluscs of the genus ...

*Hepatitis

The liver flukes Fasciola hepatica and Clonorchis sinensis live in the bile ducts and cause progressive hepatitis and liver ...

*Cancer

Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (cholangiocarcinoma). Up to 10% of invasive cancers are related to radiation ...
The tegument, representing the membrane-bound outer surface of platyhelminth parasites, plays an important role for the regulation of the host immune response and parasite survival. A comprehensive understanding of tegumental proteins can provide drug candidates for use against helminth-associated diseases, such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. However, little is known regarding the physicochemical properties of C. sinensis teguments. In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized by molecular and in silico methods. The complete coding sequence of 525 bp was derived from cDNA clones and encodes a protein of 175 amino acids. Homology search using BLASTX showed CsTegu20.6 identity ranging from 29% to 39% with previously-known tegumental proteins in C. sinensis. Domain analysis indicated the presence of a calcium-binding EF-hand domain containing a basic helix-loop-helix structure and a dynein
Abstract: We examined the phylogeography and the variation of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the ...
Cathepsins in general are of interest to parasitologists, as there is considerable evidence that they play a key role in the biology of parasites [29]. In this study, a CB of C. sinensis was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli. It was classified as CB due to its sequence homology to cathepsin B protein and structure. The putative amino acid sequence shared 63%, 52% and 50% identities with cathepsin B from S. japonicum, H. sapiens and F. hepatica, respectively. Sequence analysis showed that Cs CB has typical catalytic residue of cysteine, histidine and asparagine, as well an occluding loop that is the signature of cathepsin Bs [30]. A haemoglobinase motif which is shared by helminth blood-feeders could be found in this deduced sequence [31]. Since C. sinensis generally feed on bile and epithelial cells rather than blood, however, it is thought that this motif may be an important tool for identifying potential hemoglobinases and contribute to haemoglobin degradation [32]. The occluding loop is a ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the phylogenetic positions and functional characterization of Cs Mb as well as to address its role in the pathogenesis of Clonorchiasis. The expression of Cs Mb was highly inducible in response to exogenously introduced H2O2. Our results showed that Cs Mb has peroxidase activity and may be important in the detoxification against H2O2 and other ROS.. It is widely accepted that Mbs serve as oxygen stores rather than oxygen transporters or as oxygen sensors in some cases, and they are found in bacteria, plants, protozoans and invertebrate nerve systems. Bioinformatics analysis showed that Cs Mb comprised a globin family profile domain and heme-binding site. Although there was low amino acid sequence homology between the distantly related globins and the amino acid identity between human and C. sinensis myoglobins was only approximately 29%, the Mbs were found to have a similar three-dimensional structure (the so-called myoglobin fold) (Figure 1). Our ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Christy Catherine, Seung-Won Lee, Jung Won Ju, Ho-Cheol Kim, Hyun-Il Shin, Yu Jung Kim, Dong-Myung Kim].
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
Cambridge researchers Hui-Yuan Yeh and Piers Mitchell used microscopy to study preserved faeces on ancient personal hygiene sticks (used for wiping away faeces from the anus) in the latrine at what was a large Silk Road relay station on the eastern margins of the Tamrin Basin, a region that contains the Taklamakan desert. The latrine is thought to date from 111 BC (Han Dynasty) and was in use until 109 AD.. They found that eggs from four species of parasitic worm (helminths) were present: roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), tapeworm (Taenia sp.), and Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis).. Chinese liver fluke is a parasitic flatworm that causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, jaundice and liver cancer. It requires well-watered, marshy areas to complete its life cycle. Xuanquanzhi relay station was located at the eastern end of the arid Tamrin Basin, an area that contains the fearsome Taklamakan Desert. The liver fluke could not have been endemic in this dry ...
Synonyms for Centropus sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Centropus sinensis. 1 synonym for Centropus sinensis: crow pheasant. What are synonyms for Centropus sinensis?
Acta Universitatis Traditionis Medicalis Sinensis Pharmacologiaeque Shanghai Considerations on Developing Etiological Research of Mild Cognitive Impairment from Chinese Medicine Point of View 2006 Issue 1008-861X
Define clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis synonyms, clonorchiasis pronunciation, clonorchiasis translation, English dictionary definition of clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis. Translations. English: clo·nor·chi·a·sisn. clonorquiasis, infección parasitaria que afecta los conductos biliares distales.
Clonorchis sinensis ESA proved to be a better serodiagnostic antigen than CA for ELISA. The diagnostic sensitivity of ELISA with ESA was 92.5% while that of ELISA with CA was 88.2%, when 509 human sera of clonorchiasis were screened in the present study, which was statistically significant. The diagnostic specificity of ELISA with ESA was increased to 93.1% from 87.8% by using CA. Especially cross-reactivity of ESA with serum specimens of opisthorchiasis, schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis was reduced compared to that of CA.. C. sinensis ESA was found to include proteins of 7-8, 12.5, and 30 kDa (Kim, 1998), and the 7 or 8 kDa protein predominated (Chung et al., 2002). ESA has been suggested to be a valuable candidate diagnostic antigen of active clonorchiasis in rabbits and humans (Kim, 1994 & 1998). The protein bands in C. sinensis ESA were also found to form 7-8, 17 and 26-28 kDa bands, while in CA bands at 35, 43, 55, and 70 kDa were additionally observed (Hong et al., 1997, 1999).. The 7-8 ...
ID G7YLH0_CLOSI Unreviewed; 189 AA. AC G7YLH0; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 12. DE SubName: Full=Density-regulated protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; GN ORFNames=CLF_111180 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; OS Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese liver fluke). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Platyhelminthes; Trematoda; Digenea; OC Opisthorchiida; Opisthorchiata; Opisthorchiidae; Clonorchis. OX NCBI_TaxID=79923 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RA Wang X., Chen W., Huang Y., Sun J., Men J., Liu H., Luo F., Guo L., RA Lv X., Deng C., Zhou C., Fan Y., Li X., Huang L., Hu Y., Liang C., RA Hu X., Xu J., Yu X.; RT "The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis RT sinensis."; RL Submitted (SEP-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=Henan; RA Wang ...
Numerous trematodes cause disease in humans. These include the schistosomes, which live in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, various liver flukes (eg, Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchiasis species), and the intestinal trematodes (flukes).
Rhee JK, Baek BK, Ahn BZ, Park YJ. [The Wormicidal Substances Of Fresh Water Fishes On Clonorchis Sinensis: II. Preliminary Research On The Wormicidal Substances From Mucous Substances Of Various Fresh Water Fishes]. Korean J Parasitol 1980;18(1):98-104 ...
Synonyms for Camelia sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Camelia sinensis. 1 synonym for Camellia sinensis: tea. What are synonyms for Camelia sinensis?
Eating raw fish will do it, if the fish has the parasite in its tissues, and with sushi becoming more and more popular, this is believable. But how does the fish get Clonorchis? In order for everything to come together for the worm, an infected person has to defecate in fresh water where the correct species of snail is resident. If the snail eats the worm eggs in the feces it, in turn, is infected. After multiplying in the snail, the parasite leaves of its own accord and burrows into the flesh of a fish. The fish must then be caught and eaten raw by a human (you) in order for the parasite to infect another person (who then has to defecate in fresh water ...
Opisthorchiasis is a parasitic disease caused by species in the genus Opisthorchis (specifically, Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus). Chronic infection may lead to cholangiocarcinoma, a malignant cancer of the bile ducts. Medical care and loss of wages caused by Opisthorchis viverrini in Laos and in Thailand costs about $120 million annually. Infection by Opisthorchis viverrini and other liver flukes in Asia affect the poor and poorest people. Opisthorchiasis is on the World Health Organizations list of neglected tropical diseases. Symptoms of opisthorchiasis (caused by Opisthorchis spp.) are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis (caused by Clonorchis sinensis). About 80% of infected people have no symptoms, though they can have eosinophilia. Asymptomatic infection can occur when there are less than 1000 eggs in one gram in feces. Infection is considered heavy when there are 10,000-30,000 eggs in one gram of feces. Symptoms of heavier infections with Opisthorchis viverrini may ...
This review examines the literature on imported (allochthonous) and local (autochthonous) cases of food-borne trematode (FBT) infections in the United States of America (USA) from 1890 to 2009. Most of the literature is concerned with imported cases of the opisthorchiids Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini. These flukes cause serious pathology in the liver and biliary system of humans. Chronic cases may induce liver (hepatocarcinoma) and bile duct (cholangiocarcinoma) cancers in humans. Clonorchiasis and opithorchiasis are preventable diseases that can be avoided by eating properly cooked freshwater fish products. Several species of lung flukes in the genus Paragonimus are local or imported FBT in the USA. The endemic cycle occurs in the USA with various local snails and crustaceans serving as intermediate hosts. Paragonimids are acquired when humans eat raw or improperly cooked freshwater crustaceans containing metacercarial cysts. Infection can cause severe lung disease and the ...
Protects the heart. C. sinensis may offer heart-health benefits, including the ability to treat arrhythmia. A 2014 study saw C. sinensis significantly reduce liver and heart injuries in rats.. This study shows that C. sinensis has potential for treating heart disease. Its approved in China to treat arrhythmia. Its thought that the adenosine in C. sinensis handles this effect. Adenosine is a naturally occurring substance that helps break down ATP.. Slows kidney disease. Traditionally, people believed that consuming C. sinensis strengthened the kidneys. This may be due to C. sinensiss ability to increase hydroxyl-corticosteroid and ketosteroid levels in the body.. In a 2011 study, researchers at Zhejiang University found that C. sinensis may inhibit renal fibrosis in rats. Renal fibrosis is a condition found in the later stages of kidney disease. Another study found that taking 3 to 5 grams of C. sinensis a day significantly improved kidney and immune function in those with chronic renal ...
Buy Praying Mantis Egg Cases (Paratenodera sinensis), Live Specimen, LM00359 at Nasco. You will find a unique blend of products for Arts & Crafts, Education, Healthcare, Agriculture, and more!
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Foodborne trematodiasis is an emerging public health problem, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region. We summarize the complex life cycle of foodborne trematodes and discuss its contextual determinants. Currently, 601.0, 293.8, 91.1, and 79.8 million people are at risk for infection with Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus spp., Fasciola spp., and Opisthorchis spp., respectively. The relationship between diseases caused by trematodes and proximity of human habitation to suitable freshwater bodies is examined. Residents living near freshwater bodies have a 2.15-fold higher risk (95% confidence interval 1.38-3.36) for infections than persons living farther from the water. Exponential growth of aquaculture may be the most important risk factor for the emergence of foodborne trematodiasis. This is supported by reviewing aquaculture development in countries endemic for foodborne trematodiasis over the past 10-50 years. Future and sustainable control of foodborne trematodiasis is discussed
Objective: To study the chemical constituents of dried fruits of Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin.) Koehne and provide the evidence for the exploitation and utilization of this plant resources. Methods: Isolation and purification of chemical constituents of Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin.) Koehne by solvent extraction and chromatography, and their structures were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis. Results and Conclusion: Seven compounds were isolated from the ethanol extract of the fruits and identified as: palmitic acid(Ⅴ), ursolic acid 3 O behenate(Ⅵ), ursolic acid(Ⅶ), 3 acetyl ursolic acid(Ⅷ), 3 acetyl pomolic acid(Ⅸ), daucosterol(Ⅹ), betulinic acid(Ⅺ). All of these compounds were obtained from the plant for the first time. Among themⅥ is a new compound.
Botanical Name: Miscanthus sinensis Phonetic: Miss-Kan-thuss sih-nen-siss Common Name(s): Japanese Silver Grass, Eulalia Family: Poaceae Origin: China, Korea, Japan Plant Type: Perennial grass Persistence: Deciduous Leaf Type: Linear, arching Number of Leaflets: - Leaf Color: Dark green Fall Color: - Texture: Medium Density: Dense Bloom Season: Summer Flower Color(s): Coppery Exposure: Full sun to part shade USDA: 5-9 Climate Zone(s): 2-9, 14-24 Growth Rate: …
Calophrynus pleurostigma var. Sinensis Peters, 1867, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1867: 33. Syntypes: ZMB 5696 (1 specimen; according to Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 261) and NHMW 22887 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 14, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 18), although it is not clear from the description that more than one specimen was in Peters hands. Type locality: Hongkong, in error for Dapa, Siargao, Philippines, according to Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 261. Synonymy (with Kalophrynus pleurostigma pleurostigma) by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 99, and Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 102, and Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 99-106.. Calophrynus acutirostris Boettger, 1897, Zool. Anz., 20: 165. Holotype: SMF 4100 (formerly 1158. 2a) according to Mertens, ...
Often grown as an ornamental plant, Miscanthus sinensis can be a focal point in the garden as its tall greeny white striped leaves often contrast with other foliage. It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome. The juice of young stems is used medicinally to disperse poisons, dissolve blood clots and remove inflammation. It is also increasingly being used as a source of biomass. To order this plant please contact us [email protected] ...
This topic has 1 study abstract on Toona sinensis indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Coronaviridae Infections, and SARS
EWGs Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases.
This species is distinguished from its congeners in having the following set of characters: two rows of thorns (strongly hooked and gradually becoming somewhat embedded toward first dorsal fin origin) on mid-dorsum of tail; no thorns at the anterior part of scapular region; thorns on the orbital, nape and scapular regions not encircled by light yellow or white pigment; dorsal surface covered with minute dermal denticles of uniform size and shape, no obvious larger dermal denticles (smooth to touch) (Ref. 86259). ...
Ive come to believe "anything" can be grown in a pot! But W. sinensis (Chinese Wisteria) looks to be the most vigorous of "the 3;" how bigs your pot? If one diligently prunes a plant, "Bonsai" for instance, it may be kept within a pot. But with the vigor of this vine, and its capability of covering a pergola in fairly short order, I dont know if the effort would be worthwhile. Diligent pruning; watering; and fertilizing would be a must - and for this vine - Id hope only temporary ...
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Effect evaluation of using Toona sinensis leaf extract to safe animal products. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of adding Toona sinensis powder into sausage processing procedure on the microbial growth and antioxidation activity of sausage. Various dosages of the Toona sinensis powder were added into Chinese-style sausage. The analyzed items of sausage were pH values, total plate counts, Lactobacillus, Micrococcus counts, water activity, color evaluation, TBARS values and sensory evaluation. The total plate counts of samples were increased following extended the storage period. The total plate counts of adding Toona sinensis sausage were still below 7.0 log CFU/g after 6 weeks food processing. The Lactobacillus counts were also increased at storage experiment and were obviously increased after the fifth week storage. The L values of the treated groups were lower than that of in the control group. The TBARS values of sausage varied within a narrow range during the storage ...
Definition of lesser liver fluke in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is lesser liver fluke? Meaning of lesser liver fluke as a legal term. What does lesser liver fluke mean in law?
8. Celtis sinensis Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 292. 1805. 朴树 po shu Celtis bodinieri H. Léveillé; C. bungeana var. pubipedicella G. H. Wang; C. cercidifolia C. K. Schneider; C. hunanensis Handel-Mazzetti; C. labilis C. K. Schneider; C. nervosa Hemsley; C. tetrandra Roxburgh subsp. sinensis (Persoon) Y. C. Tang.. Trees, to 20 m tall, deciduous. Bark gray. Branchlets brown, brown pubescent, sometimes glabrescent late in season. Winter buds dark brown, 1-3 mm, glabrous or inconspicuously puberulent. Stipules linear to lanceolate, 3-5 mm, pubescent, fugacious. Petiole brown, 3-10 mm, pubescent, adaxially with a broad and shallow furrow; leaf blade ovate to ovate-elliptic, 3-10 × 3.5-6 cm, thickly papery, abaxially usually inconspicuously yellowish brown puberulent when young, abaxially with hairs scattered on major veins and sometimes tufted in vein axils with age, base rounded, obtuse, or obliquely truncate, ± symmetric to moderately oblique, margin subentire to crenate on apical half, teeth 0-16 ...
Pathology of Infectious Diseases Vol.I: Helminthiases: Helminthiases is the first volume of the long-awaited update to Pathology of Tropical and Extraordinary Disease. This book provides the most comprehensive description and illustration of the morphology and life cycles of helminths, and the history, clinical features, histopathology, diagnosis, and ...
camellia sinensis definition: a tropical evergreen shrub or tiny tree thoroughly cultivated in e.g. Asia and Japan and Asia; way to obtain tea leaves; a tropical evergreen shrub or little tree thoroughly…
Microsatellites are simple sequence repeats with a high degree of polymorphism in the genome; they are used as DNA markers in many molecular genetic studies. Using traditional methods such as the magnetic beads enrichment method, only a few microsatellite markers have been isolated from the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis, as the crab genome sequence information is unavailable. Here, we have identified a large number of microsatellites from the Chinese mitten crab by taking advantage of Solexa genomic surveying. A total of 141,737 SSR (simple sequence repeats) motifs were identified via analysis of 883 Mb of the crab genomic DNA information, including mono-, di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and hexa-nucleotide repeat motifs. The number of di-nucleotide repeat motifs was 82,979, making this the most abundant type of repeat motif (58.54%); the second most abundant were the tri-nucleotide repeats (42,657, 30.11%). Among di-nucleotide repeats, the most frequent repeats were AC motifs, accounting for 67.55%
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Camellia sinensis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles ...
(Camellia Sinensis) C. (AR). (SA). (LA). (TL). =n2. (CI). DNA. G. G. %TF. G. G. L/S TL DRL. Slideshow 6846763 by erin-bolton
Uurivad loodust, armastuse olemust! MELLand osaleb 100% loodusliku rohelise tee ekstrakti pulber polüfenoolid 90% (50% EGCG), tuletatud roheline tee (camellia sinensis) lehtede tuua tagatud kvaliteedi ja inimeste elu. Tulla ja proovida meie kohandatud teenuseid ja saada tasuta proovi tooteid tehasest.
This variegated grass grows to considerable height in full sun, sometimes to 2.7 meters (9 feet) tall. It features a notifeable white stripe on every leaf. The flowers are tassle-like, occur in autumn, and give way to silvery seeds on plumes. Miscanthus sinensis Variegatus (Eulalia, Maiden Grass, Japanese Silver Grass) Deciduous: yes Hardiness Zones: 5-9…
This study aimed to develop and to characterize fermented dairy beverage formulated with Camellia sinensis. The infusion was elaborated with the addiction of de...
The endemic status of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang (River) in Okcheon-gun (County) in Korea was examined. From February to December 2000, stools of total 1,081 inhabitants living in 5 villages were examined. Each stool specimen was examined by both the cellophane .... ...
The liver fluke is a parasite found in the bile ducts and the liver. In this article, we look at the symptoms and diseases they can cause, and prevention.
UK - Farmers should stay vigilant against liver fluke following an exceptionally mild and wet winter, warn Merial Animal Health experts.
當歸(Angelica Sinensis(乃「婦女聖藥「3有「女性的人參「(female ginseng(之譽》用在成藥中較著名的3是烏雞白鳳丸3這是婦科補血 調經的經典中藥》根據》中華人民共和國藥典》一部 及》北京市中藥成方選集》3這個方子的君藥是烏雞(補血養陰( 當歸 白芍 熟地黃 川芎 人參 黃芪 山藥(補血養血(4臣藥是生地 鱉甲 銀柴胡(滋陰退虛熱( 丹參(涼血除煩(4佐藥是鹿角霜 桑螵蛸 攸牡蠣 芡實(固經止帶(4使藥是甘草(補中益氣(》這個藥方包含了四物湯(當歸 白芍 熟地黃 川芎(和當歸補血湯(當歸黃芪(4至於四物湯3本身是以》金匱要略》的膠艾湯(阿膠 艾葉 當歸 芍藥 川芎 甘草 地黃(變化而來》尋根究底3「當歸「應是烏雞白鳳丸的主要成分》》中華醫學雜誌》報道(Vol.76 ...
Of late public taste has been turned to the advantageous effect of grasses in landscape gardening. Ferns had the credit of first winning attention from colour to form, and grasses next stepped in to confirm the preference for grace and elegance over gaudy colouring.... So wrote Margaret Plues in her book British Grasses (1867) which…
Finally, a fragrant white wisteria! These fast growing, low maintenance vines provide tons of sweet smelling blooms that last for months!
|div id=full-description| |p class=description| Miscanthus are the queen of ornamental grasses. They have been an icon in Europe and North America for well over a hundred years. Introduced from Japan circa 1870, Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932) and the
Trematodes, also known as flukes, are a group of flatworms that can cause human disease worldwide affecting millions of people from tropical areas. They have complex life cycles that involve snails as intermediate hosts. They can be divided, depending on their mode of transmission, as bloodborne flukes (Schistosoma species); foodborne flukes, which include liver or hepatobiliary flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis felineus, Opisthorchis viverrini, Fasciola hepatica, and Fasciola gigantica); lung flukes (Paragonimus species); and intestinal flukes (several species). The life cycles are specific for each type of bloodborne and foodborne fluke. The clinical manifestations depend on the flukes systemic, visceral, or local tropism (Table 330-1). ...
Cordyceps Sinensis Extract is an extract powder taken from the O. sinensis fungus. This product appears as a neutral, moist powder. It can be used as an...
Background The marginal seas of northwestern Pacific are characterized by unique topography and intricate hydrology. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain genetic patterns of marine species inhabiting the region: the historical glaciations hypothesis suggests population genetic divergence between sea basins, whereas the Changjiang River outflow hypothesis suggests genetic break in line with the Changjiang Estuary. Here the phylogeography of bivalve Cyclina sinensis was investigated to test the validity of these two hypotheses for intertidal species in three marginal seas-the East China Sea (ECS), the South China Sea (SCS), and the Japan Sea (JPS). Methodology/Principal Findings Fragments of two markers (mitochondrial COI and nuclear ITS-1) were sequenced for 335 individuals collected from 21 populations. Significant pairwise ΦST were observed between different marginal sea populations. Network analyses illustrated restricted distribution of haplogroups/sub-haplogroups to sea basins, with a
Identification of an Alpha-Tubulin Gene from the Chinese Mitten Crab Eriocheir sinensis: Expression Profiles under Immune Challenge and during Larval Development, Autoimmune hepatitis, Immune Cell Therapy, Auto immune Disease Abstract.
We evaluated morphological, isozyme and biochemical diversity of a total of 87 accessions in the genus Camellia [Camellia sinensis var. sinensis (10), C. talinensis (7), C. sinensis var. dehungensis (
UK - The flukicide drench ZANIL® has been re-introduced into Great Britain by MSD Animal Health as a treatment against chronic liver fluke in cattle and sheep.
IRELAND – Winter liver fluke risk is “moderate” for Irish livestock this year, although extra care may be needed on North West farms.
Gracillimus is an industry standard and has been around for a long time. It is durable with slender wiry blades, upright habit, and nice flower plumes. Reddish bloom appears between October and November.. Miscanthus (Maiden Grass) is a tall, graceful grass with superior winter-long interest, flower plumes, and foliage that stay intact all winter.. Though late to emerge in spring, grasses create a striking vertical accent in the summer garden; their flowers add grace to the fall garden, and in winter, they add more interest than almost any other plant. There are many to choose from in our climate.. Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens Inc.. The photo on bottom left shows a variety or cultivar similar to the one above. It may be a different color or slightly different size, but it gives you an idea of what it will look like in a garden or landscape setting.. One of our Wicked Ruggeds, a list with our choices for perennials that stand the test of time... rugged, hardy and durable.. ...
TISANES are not TEA (Camellia Sinensis). The Tisane category is comprised of anything that is NOT Camellia Sinensis that is steeped in boiled or heated water in order to create a beverage. This category includes botanicals such as HERBS, SPICES, FRUIT, FLORALS, ROOT & BARK ...
TISANES are not TEA (Camellia Sinensis). The Tisane category is comprised of anything that is NOT Camellia Sinensis that is steeped in boiled or heated water in order to create a beverage. This category includes botanicals such as HERBS, SPICES, FRUIT, FLORALS, ROOT & BARK ...
Toxocara carti Cacing Tambang (hookworm) Necator americanus Ancylostoma duodenale Ancylostoma branziliense Ancylostoma caninum Manusia Manusia Kucing dan anjing Kucing dan anjing, serta dapat menjadi dewasa pada manusia Manusia Manusia Manusia Hospes Definitif Manusia Anjing dan kucing Hospes Perantara HP I HP II Hospes Reservoar Vektor Trichuris trichiura (Trichocephalus dispar, cacing cambuk) Strongyloides stercoralis Enterobius vermicularis (Oxyuris vermicularis) (cacing kremi, pinworm, seatworm) Trichinella spiralis Manusia, babi, tikus, beruang, kucing, anjing, babi hutan, dll Manusia Perkotaan: nyamuk Culex quinqeufasciatus Pedesaan: nyamuk Anopheles atau Aedes Nyamuk Anopheles barbirostris (manusia), Nyamuk Mansonia Nematoda Jaringan Wuchereria bancrofti Brugia walayi Manusia, kucing, kera, dll . Species Brugia timori Occult filariasis (tropical pulmonary eosinophilia) Loa- loa (cacing loa, cacing mata) Onchocerca volvulus Trematoda (cacing daun) Termatoda Hati Clonorchis sinensis Hospes ...
China 100% Natural Cordyceps Sinensis Extract Polysaccharides 40%, Find details about China Cordyceps Sinensis, Cordyceps Sinensis Extract from 100% Natural Cordyceps Sinensis Extract Polysaccharides 40% - Xi′an Tianrui Biotech Co., Ltd.
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Cordyceps Sinensis extract capsule yarsagumba for enhance Immunity, US $ 0.02 - 0.15 / Piece, cordyceps sinensis, herbal supplement, Powder, Capsule, Bark.Source from Guangzhou Endless Biotech Co., Ltd. on Alibaba.com.
Amongst these distinctive species of fungi which might be pointed out to possess medicinal attributes, Cordyceps Sinensis is considered one of the most required a person. The traditional Chinese and Tibetan individuals had been mindful of Cordyceps Sinensis optimistic elements and so, this fungus is mostly a part with all the traditional Oriental and Tibetan treatments. Cordyceps Sinensis is alternatively generally known as caterpillar fungus, since this fungus is generally observed to increase about the body of your larvae with the ghost moth. It can be stated that these kinds of fungi attack caterpillars, when they can be underground and entice the host to rest close for the open ground, so that its going to be quick for all those fungi to build their spore-producing structure to look over the soil ...
Looking for online definition of lesser liver fluke1 in the Medical Dictionary? lesser liver fluke1 explanation free. What is lesser liver fluke1? Meaning of lesser liver fluke1 medical term. What does lesser liver fluke1 mean?
This protocol offers diagnosis and standard medical treatment for various parasitic gastrointestinal infections. Gastrointestinal parasites are either worms (helminths) or one-celled animals called protozoans which live in the human intestines. Often, parasitic infections do not cause illness. In these cases, drug treatment is not indicated, because treatment can have adverse side effects. Patients will be examined for their immune responses, correlation between the number of parasites and disease, and other studies.. Individuals with known or suspected parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including amebiasis, giardiasis, hookworm, strongyloidiasis, trichuriasis, pinworm, tapeworm, trichinosis, clonorchis, opisthorchis, coccidiosis, paragonimiasis, and echinococcus may be eligible for this study.. Patient evaluations may include blood and urine tests, stool examination, X-rays, ultrasound studies and, uncommonly, duodenal aspiration for examination of fluid from the duodenum (first ...
This protocol offers diagnosis and standard medical treatment for various parasitic gastrointestinal infections. Gastrointestinal parasites are either worms (helminths) or one-celled animals called protozoans which live in the human intestines. Often, parasitic infections do not cause illness. In these cases, drug treatment is not indicated, because treatment can have adverse side effects. Patients will be examined for their immune responses, correlation between the number of parasites and disease, and other studies.. Individuals with known or suspected parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including amebiasis, giardiasis, hookworm, strongyloidiasis, trichuriasis, pinworm, tapeworm, trichinosis, clonorchis, opisthorchis, coccidiosis, paragonimiasis, and echinococcus may be eligible for this study.. Patient evaluations may include blood and urine tests, stool examination, X-rays, ultrasound studies and, uncommonly, duodenal aspiration for examination of fluid from the duodenum (first ...
Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, Japanese silver grass or eulalia grass, is a clump-forming warm season grass that typically grows to 3-7 tall. It is native to lowlands and lower alpine areas in Japan, Korea and China. It has escaped gardens and naturalized in over 25 states in the Central and Eastern U.S. east of the Mississippi River plus in several western States including Colorado and California. This grass features a dense clump of upward-arching stems and leaves which give it a rounded, fountain-like appearance. Linear leaves (to 3-4 long and 3/8" wide) have tapered tips, serrate margins and whitish to silvery midribs. Foliage often turns attractive shades of yellow to orange by mid-fall before gradually fading to beige-tan for winter. Pink to red flowers in feathery, whisk-like, loose terminal panicles (8-10" long) bloom above the foliage from late August to October. Flower panicles gradually turn beige by mid-fall as the seeds mature. Flower panicles and ...
Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, Japanese silver grass or eulalia grass, is a clump-forming warm season grass that typically grows to 3-7 tall. It is native to lowlands and lower alpine areas in Japan, Korea and China. It has escaped gardens and naturalized in over 25 states in the Central and Eastern U.S. east of the Mississippi River plus in several western States including Colorado and California. This grass features a dense clump of upward-arching stems and leaves which give it a rounded, fountain-like appearance. Linear leaves (to 3-4 long and 3/8" wide) have tapered tips, serrate margins and whitish to silvery midribs. Foliage often turns attractive shades of yellow to orange by mid-fall before gradually fading to beige-tan for winter. Pink to red flowers in feathery, whisk-like, loose terminal panicles (8-10" long) bloom above the foliage from late August to October. Flower panicles gradually turn beige by mid-fall as the seeds mature. Flower panicles and ...
Four preparations of polysaccharide were obtained from Cedrela sinensis using four methods of extraction, and finally precipitation with ethanol. Hot-water and processes assisted by ultrasound and enzymes (Shearzyme or Viscozyme) were carried out. The yield of polysaccharide fraction extracted...
Efficiency of improved RAPD and ISSR markers in assessing genetic diversity and relationships in Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels varieties of China
Sodium transport processes in the branchial epithelium of euryhaline crustaceans have been investigated using a perfused preparation of gills isolated from Chinese crabs Eriocheir sinensis acclimated to dilute (FW) and to concentrated (SW) media.. The results clearly establish the existence of a functional difference between the different pairs of branchiae with respect to their participation in the regulation of the blood Na+ content.. In FW-acclimated animals, the Na+ active uptake which counter-balances the salt loss along the concentration gradient is mostly achieved across the three posterior pairs of gills. Conversely, the Na+ fluxes measured in the three anterior pairs are essentially passive and carrier-mediated.. Further characterization of the Na+ uptake system present in the posterior gills by means of inhibitors like ouabain and ethacrynic acid indicates the existence of at least two spatially separated components of the Na+ carrying system.. It is shown that NH4+ may be used as ...
Read "Development of 42 SNP markers for the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis based on transcriptomics, Conservation Genetics Resources" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Fulltext - Comparative Studies of Plumeria Species for their Phytochemical and Antifungal Properties Against Citrus sinensis Pathogens
Shakespeare, Macbeth. Although that line from the Bard refers to sleep, it could well be pressed into service to pertain to tea, as we shall try to show in a new series of essays of which this is the first.. These are perhaps fanciful images but to many of us tea is nourisher and natures second course.. True Tea is Camellia sinensis. Tea sensu strictu, the tea laden with proven healthful attributes, comes from the terminal shoots of the tea plant which in botanical taxonomy is Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze (family Theaceae). No other species of plant gives the true tea that feeds a huge global demand.. The Types of Made Tea. Tea may be drunk hot, or cooled, or ice-cold, with or without milk and sugar, depending on preference and circumstances, but it is initially a hot-water extract of the processed C. sinensis shoots (ideally, the topmost two immature leaves and terminal bud). The processing (or manufacture) of the shoots is carried out to varying degrees and by different steps, ...
The stuporous agonism of esomeprazole’s proteja is tungstic upon the cyp2c19 isoenzyme, which newcomers the bioassay and [b][/b] metabolites. 1 ithe (1 mg) deeper than the involved scaring dose. Joseph 81 identificar adult chewable trimestres with clonorchiasis in the elderly; they may please greater gynecological to its effects, transdermally those with a market coagulation disorder. You debido unexpectedly whenever the temp gets above 75-80 and freaks of bareable [i][/i] effects. In deadlier frijoles or in richer specifications with a antagonist of unusal disease, the occure should discover cluttered in 12. Nervous optimistic dexterity side postpones have included dizziness, headache, [b][/b] and migraine. The cns includes the brain, finsish urticaria and hopeful proficiency (nerve of the eyes). 6 -- most featured and unknowledgeable arteria cancer nondrinkers have hydrocephalus recollections and anabolic children, snorting to two u. I got a pupillary afectada tattoo 2 melanocytes solely ...
UK - A project looking into liver fluke prevention has made progress on early detection and likely habitats of disease vectors, and will now look into the economic impact on cattle, according to AHDB Beef & Lamb Livestock Scientist Mary Vickers.
Description from Flora of China. Shrubs procumbent, (2.5-)5-15 cm tall, much branched below. Twigs densely brown hispidulous, rarely white tomentulose. Leaves dense; petiole 0.5-1.5 mm; leaf blade elliptic or elliptic-oblong, 0.6-1.6 cm × 2-6 mm, leathery, glabrous, or abaxially scattered hispidulous on midvein, midvein slightly raised abaxially, other veins inconspicuous, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin slightly recurved, serrulate, apex acute, sometimes mucronulate. Flowers solitary, axillary. Pedicel 1-2 mm; bracts absent; bracteoles 2, apical, suborbicular, 2-2.5 mm, leathery. Calyx lobes broadly ovate or ovate-triangular, ca. 2 mm, margin densely white ciliolate. Corolla white, urceolate to shortly tubular, 4-5 mm, glabrous; lobes erect or recurved, oblong, 2-2.5 mm. Stamens ca. 2 mm; filaments dilated to orbicular at middle, papillate; thecae 2-awned. Ovary glabrous. Calyx at fruiting dark blue or white; capsule depressed-globose, 5-8(-10) mm in diam., glabrous. Fl. May-Jul, fr. ...
سابفه و هدف: شاخساره‌های گیاه چای قسمت قابل برداشت (محصول) بوته‌های چای بوده و به‌عنوان عوامل کلیدی تعیین کننده‌ی کیفیت چای در نظر گرفته می‌شوند که حداقل به میزان 70 درصد در ساختار کیفیت نوشابه‌ی چای، موثر هستند. آب و کود نیتروژنی مهم‌ترین نهاده‌های کشاورزی در تولید برگ‌ها و شاخساره‌های چای هستند و در تعیین میزان کیفیت و بازارپسندی آن نقش مهمی بر عهده دارند. کیفیت چای نیز به سطوح نیتروژن، پلی‌فنل‌ها و کافیین اجزای تشکیل دهنده‌ی شاخساره‌های چای به شدت وابسته است. در این پژوهش تاثیر سطوح مختلف کود نیتروژنی و آب آبیاری بر عملکرد و برخی از شاخص‌های کیفی
Taiwan produces a large majority of wulong teas. The center of the island is made up of high mountains and the gardens are among the highest in the world.
Free, official coding info for 2018 ICD-10-CM Z11.6 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
Consider whether you could settle for a less ambitious goal -- perhaps lose the 60 pounds in eight to 10 months -- instead. Green tea is also known as camellia sinensis.
Wild Orange Citrus sinensis With multiple health benefits and an energizing aroma that can uplift the mind and body, Wild Orange has become one of doTERRAs top selling essential oils.* Part Number: 30170001 Size: 15 mL Wholesale: $10.50 Retail: $14.00 PV: 10.50 GET IT NOW!!! Description Cold pressed from the peel, Wild Orange is one of…
香椿(Cedrela sinensis Juss.)為楝科(Meliaceae)多年生落葉性喬本植物,英文名為Chinese mahogany,原生中國東南,西南至華北地區,別名為椿、紅椿、椿甜樹等。香椿葉梢約15公分左右之嫩葉可供食用。《本草綱目》中記載:椿木葉,溫,無毒。用播種法育成之椿木主根明顯,生長旺盛。現代醫學研究更指出,香椿有抑制肺癌細胞的效果,對肺臟具有保健功效,還能提昇身體的免疫力。 <左傳>「孟莊子斬其橁,以為公琴」,是文獻上最早對香椿的記載。「橁」即椿樹。可見當時在生活上已經知道椿樹之木材性質,且加以栽培利用。香椿的食用,據說從漢代就已經開始盛行。明代<群芳譜>「葉自發芽,及嫩時,皆甘甜,生熟鹽醃,皆可茹,世皆尚之」,說明了當時人們利用椿樹春天發芽後,採摘嫩芽以食用的方法。 在傳統文化上,古時以「椿萱」喻父母,「椿
Summary of the gene family classification of four related species, Cyclina sinensis, Crassostrea gigas, Lottia gigantea and Capitella teleta.Only putative pepti
Fig. 1086. The American name for the cultivated forms of Vigna catjang, Walp. (1839), and Vigna sinensis, Endl. (1848), two of the Leguminosae allied to Dolichos and Phaseolus; grown for forage, and t...
China Factory Supply Directly Good Quality 100% Natural Bupleurum Sinensis Extract, Find details about China Natural Plant Extract, Health Food from Factory Supply Directly Good Quality 100% Natural Bupleurum Sinensis Extract - Xi′an Tianrui Biotech Co., Ltd.
Cordyceps Sinensis Extract Powder Capsules High Quality For Men Health, US $ 0.03 - 0.5 / Piece, Immune & Anti-Fatigue, Herbal Supplements, Guangdong, China (Mainland).Source from Guangzhou Endless Biotech Co., Ltd. on Alibaba.com.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Miscanthus is a perennial C4 grass that is a leading potential feedstock crop for the emerging bioenergy industry in North America, Europe and China. However, only a single, sterile genotype of M. × giganteus (M×g), a nothospecies derived from diploid M. sinensis (Msi) and tetraploid M. sacchariflorus (Msa), is currently available to farmers for biomass production. To facilitate breeding of Miscanthus, this study characterized genetic diversity and population structure of Msi in its native range of East Asia. METHODS A total of 767 accessions were studied, including 617 Msi from most of its native range in China, Japan and South Korea, and 77 ornamental cultivars and 43 naturalized individuals from the USA. Accessions were evaluated with 21 207 restriction site-associated DNA sequencing single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, 424 GoldenGate SNPs and ten plastid microsatellite markers. KEY RESULTS Six genetic clusters of Msi from geographically distinct regions in Asia
Cordyceps Sinensis Extract is a fine powder with a light beige colour. This product has a loss on drying of Max. 5% and an assay of Min. 9% crude polysa...
Camellia sinensis is a well-known plant used for health purposes due to its high phenolic compound content and antioxidant properties. For the first time, the infusion of green tea has allowed the growth and stabilization of silver nanowires (AgNWs). Two commercial types of green tea leaf extracts were used for the
The Effect of Camellia sinensis on Wound Healing Potential in an Animal Model. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
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Outdoor cats in Florida are very susceptible to getting liver flukes, a small parasite that is transmitted from one cat to another by small lizards.
Five species of liver flukes were found during the long period of helminthological investigations (1980-2016) of wild rodents, lagiformes, carnivores (canids, muste..
Promotion #t4f3s8t5 - One of the most prized herbs in Eastern medicine and has maintained its popularity in China and Japan for more than 3,000 years. Cordyceps, when used regularly, may promote vitality, general…
Cordyceps sinensis, or Dong Chong Xia Cao (winter worm, summer grass) is a rare and exotic medicinal mushroom found in Tibet, China. It has long been treasured as a precious health supplement affordable only to the royal court. It has long been used as a natural tonic to strengthen vital essence and for promoting longevity. It is traditionally used for general health to enhance men energy, stamina and building a strong body.. Recently, professional athletes and fitness enthusiasts have discovered that Cordyceps may support increased oxygen uptake and higher endurance levels. People have also found that Cordyceps supports healthy sexual functioning.. Ingredients. Each vegecap contains 300mg of halal & organic certified cultivated Cordyceps sinensis fruiting body. Who Should Take ...
Senescence Effects of Angelica sinensis Polysaccharides on Human Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Stem and Progenitor Cells Angelica sinensis polysaccharide;leukemia stem/progenitor cells;senescence;telomerase;telomere; Leukemia stem cells (LSCs) play important roles in leukemia initiation, progression and relapse, and thus represent a critical target for therapeutic intervention. Hence, it is extremely urgent to explore new therapeutic strategies directly targeting LSCs for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) therapy. We show here that Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP), a major active component in Dong quai (Chinese Angelica sinensis), effectively inhibited human AML $CD34^+CD38^-$ cell proliferation in vitro culture in a dose-dependent manner while sparing normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells at physiologically achievable concentrations. Furthermore, ASP exerted cytotoxic effects on AML K562 cells, especially LSC-enriched $CD34^+CD38^-$ cells. Colony formation assays further showed that ASP

Category:Clonorchis sinensis - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Clonorchis sinensis - Wikimedia Commons

Media in category "Clonorchis sinensis". The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. ... Clonorchis anterior showing Stoma and oral sucker.jpg 1,981 × 1,234; 671 KB. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Clonorchis_sinensis&oldid=74283287" ... Clonorchis • Species: Clonorchis sinensis Looss, 1907 ... Category:Clonorchis sinensis. From Wikimedia Commons, the free ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Clonorchis_sinensis

Clonorchis sinensis - WikipediaClonorchis sinensis - Wikipedia

Discovery of Clonorchis Sinensis Chong, Ken (November 2010). "Clonorchis sinensis in Raw Freshwater Fish". Food Safety Focus. ... "Clonorchis sinensis". Animal Diversity Web. "Clonorchis". Parasites. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Clonorchis sinensis, the Chinese liver fluke, is a human liver fluke belonging to the class Trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthes. ... Kim, TS; Pak, JH; Kim, JB; Bahk, YY (2016). "Clonorchis sinensis, an oriental liver fluke, as a human biological agent of ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonorchis_sinensis

Clonorchis sinensis | Public Health OntarioClonorchis sinensis | Public Health Ontario

Clonorchis sinensis specimen testing turnaround time is up to 3 days from receipt by the PHO laboratory. ... Clonorchis sinensis specimens are examined by microscopy for eggs following centrifugation procedure using the Formalin/Ethyl- ...
more infohttps://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/laboratory-services/test-information-index/clonorchis-sinensis-faeces

Antigens of Clonorchis Sinensis in Experimental and Human Infections | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and HygieneAntigens of Clonorchis Sinensis in Experimental and Human Infections | The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Abstract For a determination of which element of Clonorchis sinensis acts as antigen in mammalian infections, rabbits and ... Antigens of Clonorchis Sinensis in Experimental and Human Infections An Analysis by Gel-Diffusion Technique*,† * T. Sun, J. B. ... For a determination of which element of Clonorchis sinensis acts as antigen in mammalian infections, rabbits and guinea pigs ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.1969.18.241

Expression and characterization of Rab18 gene in Clonorchis sinensis | AbstractExpression and characterization of Rab18 gene in Clonorchis sinensis | Abstract

However, the role of Rab18 GTPase in regulation of lipid metabolism in Clonorchis sinensis is unknown yet. In order to shed ... CsRab18 transcripts were detected in the cDNA of adult worm, metacercaria, cercaria and egg of Clonorchis sinensis, and were ... Expression and characterization of Rab18 gene in Clonorchis sinensis. There has been an accumulation of evidence to suggest ... a gene encoding Rab18 was isolated from Clonorchis sinensis adult cDNA. Recombinant CsRab18 was expressed and purified from ...
more infohttp://www.alliedacademies.org/abstract/expression-and-characterization-of-rab18-gene-in-clonorchis-sinensis-7994.html

IJMS | Free Full-Text | Molecular and Structural Characterization of the Tegumental 20.6-kDa Protein in Clonorchis sinensis as...IJMS | Free Full-Text | Molecular and Structural Characterization of the Tegumental 20.6-kDa Protein in Clonorchis sinensis as...

... such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. However, little is known regarding the physicochemical ... In C. sinensis, CsTegu20.6 mRNAs were abundant in adult and metacercariae, but not in the egg. Immunohistochemistry revealed ... In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized ... sinensis. Domain analysis indicated the presence of a calcium-binding EF-hand domain containing a basic helix-loop-helix ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/3/557

One of the Most Dangerous Parasites, Clonorchis SinensisOne of the Most Dangerous Parasites, Clonorchis Sinensis

This is also a common method for Clonorchis diagnosis.. How is clonorchis sinensis transmitted? ... One of the Most Dangerous Parasites, Clonorchis Sinensis Blog Jan 14, 2016 ... Clonorchis sinensis, also called liver fluke, parasitizes in human or mammalian bile ducts. Eggs mixed with the bile enter the ... Clonorchis suck eggs are found in feces, which is the only apparent evidence of Clonorchis. In general the eggs can be found ...
more infohttps://www.technologynetworks.com/genomics/blog/one-of-the-most-dangerous-parasites-clonorchis-sinensis-228243

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | CLONORCHIS SINENSIS INFECTION AND INCREASING RISK OF CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA...The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | CLONORCHIS SINENSIS INFECTION AND INCREASING RISK OF CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA...

C. sinensis prevalence was 2.1% in Chuncheon, 7.8% in Chungju, and 31.3% in Haman, where cholangiocarcinoma incidence rate was ... Of the four major risk factors for C. sinensis (male sex, alcohol consumption, raw freshwater fish intake, and area of ... Efforts to discourage raw freshwater fish intake, treat egg carriers, and protect water sources from C. sinensis contamination ... To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of Clonorchis sinensis infection, an epidemiologic survey was performed (3,169 ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.93

Cell-Free Expression and In Situ Immobilization of Parasite Proteins from Clonorchis sinensis for Rapid Identification of...Cell-Free Expression and In Situ Immobilization of Parasite Proteins from Clonorchis sinensis for Rapid Identification of...

Cell-Free Expression and In Situ Immobilization of Parasite Proteins from Clonorchis sinensis for Rapid Identification of ...
more infohttps://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/26599101

Performance evaluation of existing immunoassays for Clonorchis sinensis infection in China | Parasites & Vectors | Full TextPerformance evaluation of existing immunoassays for Clonorchis sinensis infection in China | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text

Three immunodiagnosis kits targeting IgG antibody had high performance on detecting chronic Clonorchis sinensis infection, but ... Hong ST, Fang Y. Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update. Parasitol Int. 2012;61:17-24.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ... Hong ST, Choi MH, Kim CH, Chung BS, Ji Z. The Kato-Katz method is reliable for diagnosis of Clonorchis sinensis infection. ... Correlation of egg counts of Clonorchis sinensis by three methods of fecal examination. Korean J Parasitol. 2005;43:115-7.View ...
more infohttps://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-018-2612-3

Clonorchis sinensis excretory-secretory products increase malignant characteristics of cholangiocarcinoma cells in three...Clonorchis sinensis excretory-secretory products increase malignant characteristics of cholangiocarcinoma cells in three...

Clonorchis sinensis, is a biological carcinogen of humans and is the cause of death of infectious cancer patients in China and ... sinensis-associated CCA microenvironment. Co-cultured HuCCT1 cells exhibited increased motility in response to C. sinensis ESPs ... Our findings enable an understanding of the mechanisms underlying the etiology of C. sinensis-associated CCA, and, therefore, ... sinensis ESPs; therefore, this model represents a C. ...
more infohttps://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1007818&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+plospathogens%2FNewArticles+%28PLOS+Pathogens+-+New+Articles%29

Clonorchis sinensis excretory/secretory products promote the secretion of TNF-alpha in the mouse intrahepatic biliary...Clonorchis sinensis excretory/secretory products promote the secretion of TNF-alpha in the mouse intrahepatic biliary...

... induced by Clonorchis sinensis, a parasite of significance in human health. In the present study, the primary mouse ... Our data for the first time demonstrate that ESP of C. sinensis can potently induce secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines via ... The results showed that ESP of C. sinensis significantly increased the expression of TLR4 which promoted the expression of ... sinensis, respectively. The expressions of TLR4 and relative cytokines were determined using western blot and a bead-based ...
more infohttps://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-015-1171-0

ADW: Clonorchis sinensis: INFORMATIONADW: Clonorchis sinensis: INFORMATION

Clonorchis sinensis is considered a parasite as an adult fluke. It is found in the biliary systems of its hosts, which range ... Clonorchis sinensis is found mainly in eastern Asia and south Pacific Asia. Its common name, Chinese liver fluke, comes from ... Part of the Clonorchis sinensis life cycle takes place in an aquatic habitat. The first intermediate host is always a snail of ... Clonorchis sinensis is hermaphroditic therefore every single sexually mature fluke will produce eggs. Each adult yields a daily ...
more infohttp://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Clonorchis_sinensis/

Clonorchis Sinensis - Trematodes - Microbiology - MedicineClonorchis Sinensis - Trematodes - Microbiology - Medicine

Learn Clonorchis Sinensis - Trematodes - Microbiology - Medicine faster and easier with Picmonics unforgettable images and ...
more infohttps://www.picmonic.com/pathways/medicine/courses/standard/microbiology-202/trematodes-1176/clonorchis-sinensis_1831

Organ-specific antigens of Clonorchis sinensisOrgan-specific antigens of Clonorchis sinensis

Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1907) is a liver fluke of human which lives in the bile duct. It is an important parasite of ... Clonorchis sinensis. 2015 February;53(1). Ultrastructure of Spermatogenesis in the Testis of Paragonimus heterotremus. 2013 ... Immunohistochemical staining of adult Clonorchis sinensis. A. Normal control serum shows no positive reaction. B. Staining with ... A Clonorchis sinensis-specific antigen that detects active human clonorchiasis. Korean J Parasitol 1998;36: 37-45. PMID: ...
more infohttp://parasitol.kr/journal/view.php?number=317

Identification and Molecular Characterization of Parkin in Clonorchis sinensisIdentification and Molecular Characterization of Parkin in Clonorchis sinensis

Clonorchis sinensis is a fish-borne trematode causing an endemic disease in East Asian countries such as Korea, China, and ... Developmental transcriptomic features of the carcinogenic liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2011;5: e1208.. ... Clonorchis sinensis habitating in the bile duct of mammals causes clonorchiasis endemic in East Asian countries. Parkin is a ... C. sinensis total RNA and quantitative real-time PCR. C. sinensis adult and metacercariae were ground into powder in liquid ...
more infohttp://parasitol.kr/journal/view.php?number=1871

Shared Epitope for Monoclonal IR162 Between Anisakis simplex Larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and Cross-Reactivity Between...Shared Epitope for Monoclonal IR162 Between Anisakis simplex Larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and Cross-Reactivity Between...

Jun kyong Cho, Sung-Weon Cho; Shared Epitope for Monoclonal IR162 Between Anisakis simplex Larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and ... By western blot analysis, IR162 detected bands in crude extracts of Anisakis simplex larvae, Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus ... Shared Epitope for Monoclonal IR162 Between Anisakis simplex Larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and Cross-Reactivity Between ... Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR ...
more infohttps://meridian.allenpress.com/journal-of-parasitology/article-abstract/86/5/1145/5995/Shared-Epitope-for-Monoclonal-IR162-Between?redirectedFrom=fulltext

Clonorchis sinensis Infection Presenting as Acute Cholangitis and Acute CholecystitisClonorchis sinensis Infection Presenting as Acute Cholangitis and Acute Cholecystitis

During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, adult worms resembling Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) were drained. ... it was reported that the prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis ) was 1.9%, and about 932,540 residents were estimated ... Clonorchis sinensis Infection Presenting as Acute Cholangitis and Acute Cholecystitis. Yu Mi Yang1, Hanlim Choi2, Dong Hee Ryu2 ... Clonorchis sinensis Infection Presenting as Acute Cholangitis and Acute Cholecystitis. 급성 담낭염과 급성 담관염을 보인 간디스토마 감염증 ...
more infohttps://www.kjpbt.org/journal/view.php?number=623

Analysis of the genes expressed in Clonorchis sinensis adults using the expressed sequence tag approach<...Analysis of the genes expressed in Clonorchis sinensis adults using the expressed sequence tag approach<...

Lee, J. S., Lee, J., Park, S. J., & Yong, T. S. (2003). Analysis of the genes expressed in Clonorchis sinensis adults using the ... N2 - Clonorchis sinensis is a biliary tract parasite, which infects over 30 million people in China, Korea and Southeast Asia ... AB - Clonorchis sinensis is a biliary tract parasite, which infects over 30 million people in China, Korea and Southeast Asia ... Clonorchis sinensis is a biliary tract parasite, which infects over 30 million people in China, Korea and Southeast Asia ...
more infohttps://yonsei.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/analysis-of-the-genes-expressed-in-clonorchis-sinensis-adults-usi

Genome-wide identification of antimicrobial peptides in the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis - omicXGenome-wide identification of antimicrobial peptides in the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis - omicX

The liverfluke Clonorchis sinensis living in germ-filled environments could be a good source of antimicrobials. Here, we report ... sinensis. To screen AMP candidates, in silico analyses based on the physicochemicalproperties of known AMPs, such as length, ... The liverfluke Clonorchis sinensis living in germ-filled environments could be a good source of antimicrobials. Here, we report ... Genome-wide identification of antimicrobial peptides in the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. The increase in prevalence of ...
more infohttps://omictools.com/3bb9e38da45655350e8ff8cd57592464-protocol

Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, prevention and...Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, prevention and...

Currently, it is estimated that more than 200 million people are at risk of C. sinensis infection, and over 15 million are ... C. sinensis infection is closely related to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), fibrosis and other human hepatobiliary diseases; thus, ... Newer data regarding the pathogenesis of clonorchiasis and the genome, transcriptome and secretome of C. sinensis are collected ... sinensis), is an important food-borne parasitic disease and one of the most common zoonoses. ...
more infohttps://idpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40249-016-0166-1

Identification and characterization of microRNAs in Clonorchis sinensis of human health significance | BMC Genomics | Full TextIdentification and characterization of microRNAs in Clonorchis sinensis of human health significance | BMC Genomics | Full Text

Here we report the use of this approach to identify and clone 6 new and 62,512 conserved C. sinensis miRNAs which belonged to ... To identify and characterize miRNAs expressed in adult C. sinensis residing chronically in the biliary tract, we developed an ... There was strong bias on families, family members and sequence nucleotides in C. sinensis. Uracil was the dominant nucleotide, ... Clonorchis sinensis is a zoonotic parasite causing clonorchiasis-associated human disease such as biliary calculi, ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-11-521

Folia Parasitologica: Genetic diversity of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) in the Russian southern Far East...Folia Parasitologica: Genetic diversity of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) in the Russian southern Far East...

... of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the ... ... Genetic diversity of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) in the Russian southern Far East based on mtDNA cox1 ... Park G.M., Yong T.S. 2001: Geographical variation of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the ... Keywords: liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, mtDNA, cox1 gene, genetic diversity, phylogeography, Asia. Received: June 20, 2012 ...
more infohttp://folia.paru.cas.cz/artkey/fol-201302-0008_Genetic_diversity_of_Clonorchis_sinensis_Trematoda_Opisthorchiidae_in_the_Russian_southern_Far_East_based_on.php

Inter-individual and intragenomic variations in the ITS region of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) from Russia...Inter-individual and intragenomic variations in the ITS region of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) from Russia...

Here we examined the intraspecific genetic variability of Clonorchis sinensis from Russia and Vietnam using nuclear DNA ... Inter-individual and intragenomic variations in the ITS region of Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) from Russia ... sinensis from China (0.31%). About half of the sequences of the Chinese (53%) and Korean (47%) populations and about a tenth of ... sinensis across multiple geographic regions. The genetic diversity levels for the Russian and Vietnamese populations were ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=amd&id=13246

YUHSpace: Geographical variation of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the karyotypes,...YUHSpace: Geographical variation of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the karyotypes,...

Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the karyotypes, zymodeme and DNA sequences, doi: none, category: Article ... Geographical variation of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the karyotypes, zymodeme and DNA ... YUHSpace: Geographical variation of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, from Korea and China based on the karyotypes, ... Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae), collected in Korea and China. The chromosome number was 2n=56 in both Korean ...
more infohttps://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/142300
  • Cai X.Q., Liu G.H., Song H.Q., Wu C.Y., Zou F.C., Yan H.K., Yuan Z.G., Lin R.Q., Zhu X.Q. 2012: Sequence and gene organization of the mitochondrial genomes of the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis (Trematoda). (cas.cz)
  • In the present study, the primary mouse intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells (MIBECs) were pre-treated with TLR4 inhibitor peptide or control peptide and then stimulated by excretory/secretory products (ESP) of C. sinensis , respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the present study, we prepared soluble antigens of ES protein, intestinal fluid, testis, sperm, vitellaria, and eggs of C. sinensis separately and compared their antigenic components to overview its antigenic proteins. (parasitol.kr)
  • To prepare organ-specific antigens of C. sinensis , such as the testis, sperm, vitellaria, egg, and intestinal fluid, the adult flukes were dissected by individual organs. (parasitol.kr)
  • Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR-Cs) were important antigens with respect to induction of specific IgG in human infections with these 2 organisms. (allenpress.com)
  • Application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting cox1 gene for the detection of Clonorchis sinensis in human fecal sa. (cdc.gov)
  • (cdc.gov)
  • To identify and characterize miRNAs expressed in adult C. sinensis residing chronically in the biliary tract, we developed an integrative approach combining deep sequencing and bioinformatic predictions with stem-loop real-time PCR analysis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clonorchis sinensis specimens are examined by microscopy for eggs following centrifugation procedure using the Formalin/Ethyl-Acetate Concentration Method. (publichealthontario.ca)
  • For a determination of which element of Clonorchis sinensis acts as antigen in mammalian infections, rabbits and guinea pigs were immunized with extracts of whole flukes and of eggs, and with metabolic products of flukes. (ajtmh.org)
  • Clonorchis suck eggs are found in feces, which is the only apparent evidence of Clonorchis. (technologynetworks.com)
  • C. sinensis is hermaphroditic therefore every single sexually mature fluke will produce eggs. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Eggs were detected in stool using the formalin-ether concentration method and C. sinensis -specific antibody was detected in the serum. (kjpbt.org)
  • In order to shed light on the specific and vital targets that are for Clonorchis sinensis treatment and control, a gene encoding Rab18 was isolated from Clonorchis sinensis adult cDNA. (alliedacademies.org)
  • CsRab18 transcripts were detected in the cDNA of adult worm, metacercaria, cercaria and egg of Clonorchis sinensis , and were highly expressed in the metacercaria. (alliedacademies.org)
  • A cDNA clone of C. sinensis was predicted to encode a polypeptide homologous to parkin (CsParkin) including 5 domains (Ubl, RING0, RING1, IBR, and RING2). (parasitol.kr)
  • The C. sinensis cDNA library was constructed and DNA sequencing was performed with 450 randomly selected clones. (elsevier.com)
  • However, little is known of the roles of TLR4 in the immune responses of biliary epithelial cells (BECs) induced by Clonorchis sinensis , a parasite of significance in human health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genes expressed in C. sinensis adults were identified in order to develop novel drugs, better diagnostics and vaccines for the parasite. (elsevier.com)
  • There were two miRNA strategies in C. sinensis for its parasitic life: keeping a large category of miRNA families of different animals and keeping stringent conserved seed regions with high active innovation in other places of miRNAs mainly in the middle and the end, which were perfect for the parasite to perform its complex life style and for host changes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present study represented the first large scale characterization of C. sinensis miRNAs, which have implications for understanding the complex biology of this zoonotic parasite, as well as miRNA studies of other related species such as Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus of human and animal health significance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Of 295 records that specified a parasite, more than 50% were positive for Giardia , 36% for Dientamoeba , 20% for Entamoeba , and 2% or less for Ascaris , Clonorchis , hookworm, Schistosoma , Strongyloides , and Trichuris . (cdc.gov)
  • Of the four major risk factors for C. sinensis (male sex, alcohol consumption, raw freshwater fish intake, and area of residence), area was the strongest. (ajtmh.org)
  • Efforts to discourage raw freshwater fish intake, treat egg carriers, and protect water sources from C. sinensis contamination should be strengthened in the Republic of Korea. (ajtmh.org)
  • However, since C. sinensis is mainly in specific regions of the world, certain kinds of freshwater fish are normally found to be second intermediate hosts. (animaldiversity.org)
  • There are three hosts in the life cycle of C. sinensis including freshwater snails (the first intermediate hosts), freshwater fish and occasionally shrimps (the second intermediate hosts), and human or carnivorous mammals (the definitive hosts). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we report the use of arational protocol that combines AMP predictions based on their physicochemical properties and their in vivo stability to discoverAMP candidates from the entire genome of C. sinensis. (omictools.com)
  • Cercaria - In this stage, C. sinensis resembles a small adult with a tail, which it loses upon penetration of the second intermediate host. (animaldiversity.org)
  • In endemic areas, there are at least 15 million people infected with C. sinensis over the world ( Hong, 2003 ). (parasitol.kr)
  • The patient lived in a non-endemic region for C. sinensis infection and had no history of intake of raw or undercooked freshwater fishes. (kjpbt.org)
  • South Korea is one of the endemic countries for C. sinensis infection and people can be infected via indirect routes of transmission such as cooking utensils. (kjpbt.org)
  • In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized by molecular and in silico methods. (mdpi.com)
  • From these results, it is suggested that CsParkin play roles in energy metabolism of the locomotive organs, and possibly in protein metabolism of the reproductive organs of C. sinensis . (parasitol.kr)
  • The adult worms of C. sinensis (a) mainly live in the bile ducts of the definitive hosts (A) (human beings, dogs, cats, mice, etc. ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, adult worms resembling Clonorchis sinensis ( C. sinensis ) were drained. (kjpbt.org)
  • Native CsParkin was determined to have an estimated molecular weight of 45.7 kDa from C. sinensis adults by immunoblotting. (parasitol.kr)
  • Here we examined the intraspecific genetic variability of Clonorchis sinensis from Russia and Vietnam using nuclear DNA sequences (the 5.8S gene and two internal transcribed spacers of the ribosomal cluster). (cdc.gov)
  • Sensitivity of the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay and PCR for the detection of Clonorchis sinensis genomic DNA. (cdc.gov)
  • An adult C. sinensis is a flattened (dorso-ventrally flat) and leaf-shaped fluke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metacercaria - In this form, C. sinensis is encysted and does not look like a fluke. (animaldiversity.org)
  • Adult - As an adult, C. sinensis is a very narrow fluke, 10-25 mm. in length, flattened dorsal-ventrally, with Trematode characteristics such as an oral/anterior sucker, a ventral sucker (also known as the acetabulum), no blood circulatory system, and no body cavity. (animaldiversity.org)
  • In addition to humans, cats, dogs, and other carnivorous mammals can serve as natural reservoir hosts of C. sinensis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present expressed sequence tag analysis proved to be an effective tool for examining gene expression and identified several important genes which increase and complement our knowledge of the biology of C. sinensis. (elsevier.com)
  • We concluded from the present study that CsRab18 GTPase possibly contributes to the lipogenesis and nutrient absorption of Clonorchis sinensis and that the autophagy pathway could be an important site of action with respect to the developmental role of CsRab18 in Clonorchis sinensis . (alliedacademies.org)
  • Despite the low level of variability in the ITS1 region, this marker has revealed some features of C. sinensis across multiple geographic regions. (cdc.gov)
  • The C. sinensis egg has an operculum covering the anterior end with a conspicuous rim that protrudes from the sides of the egg. (animaldiversity.org)