Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.
A family of intestinal flukes of the class Trematoda which occurs in animals and man. Some of the genera are Heterophyes, Metagonimus, Cryptocotyle, Stellantchasmus, and Euryhelmis.
An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.
Agents used to treat cestode, trematode, or other flatworm infestations in man or animals.
A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.
Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.
The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.
The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.
Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.
An order of parasitic FUNGI found mostly in ARTHROPODS; FISHES; and in some VERTEBRATES including humans. It comprises two suborders: Pansporoblastina and APANSPOROBLASTINA.
A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.
A lysosomal cysteine proteinase with a specificity similar to that of PAPAIN. The enzyme is present in a variety of tissues and is important in many physiological and pathological processes. In pathology, cathepsin B has been found to be involved in DEMYELINATION; EMPHYSEMA; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, and NEOPLASM INVASIVENESS.
A group of lysosomal proteinases or endopeptidases found in aqueous extracts of a variety of animal tissues. They function optimally within an acidic pH range. The cathepsins occur as a variety of enzyme subtypes including SERINE PROTEASES; ASPARTIC PROTEINASES; and CYSTEINE PROTEASES.
A ubiquitously-expressed cysteine protease that plays an enzymatic role in POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN PROCESSING of proteins within SECRETORY GRANULES.
A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. It consists of the following species: O. felineus, O. noverca (Amphimerus noverca), and O. viverrini. The intermediate hosts are snails, fish, and AMPHIBIANS.
An intracellular proteinase found in a variety of tissue. It has specificity similar to but narrower than that of pepsin A. The enzyme is involved in catabolism of cartilage and connective tissue. EC 3.4.23.5. (Formerly EC 3.4.4.23).
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Infection caused by the protozoan parasite TOXOPLASMA in which there is extensive connective tissue proliferation, the retina surrounding the lesions remains normal, and the ocular media remain clear. Chorioretinitis may be associated with all forms of toxoplasmosis, but is usually a late sequel of congenital toxoplasmosis. The severe ocular lesions in infants may lead to blindness.
Infections of the BRAIN caused by the protozoan TOXOPLASMA gondii that primarily arise in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES (see also AIDS-RELATED OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS). The infection may involve the brain diffusely or form discrete abscesses. Clinical manifestations include SEIZURES, altered mentation, headache, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp41-3)
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
A frequent complication of drug therapy for microbial infection. It may result from opportunistic colonization following immunosuppression by the primary pathogen and can be influenced by the time interval between infections, microbial physiology, or host resistance. Experimental challenge and in vitro models are sometimes used in virulence and infectivity studies.
Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
Simultaneous infection of a host organism by two or more pathogens. In virology, coinfection commonly refers to simultaneous infection of a single cell by two or more different viruses.
Diseases of plants.
Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Infection with TREMATODA of the genus PARAGONIMUS.
Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.

Long-lasting sonographic and histopathological findings in cured clonorchiasis of rabbits. (1/113)

To ascertain residual sonographic and histopathological findings of clonorchiasis after treatment, the present study evaluated sonographic findings in rabbits which were infected with 500 metacercariae of C. sinensis every 6 months for 18 months after treatment with praziquantel. The sonographic findings were analyzed in terms of intrahepatic bile duct dilatation and periductal echogenicity, and histopathological findings were observed after the last sonographic examination. Compared with the sonographic findings before treatment, dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts became mild to some degree in four of the seven cases and increased periductal echogenicity resolved in four of them. The histopathological specimens after 18 months showed that periductal inflammation has almost resolved but moderate dilatation of the intrahepatic ducts and mucosal hyperplasia persisted. The periductal fibrosis minimally resolved. The long-lasting sonographic findings in cured clonorchiasis make sonography less specific.  (+info)

Case studies in international medicine. (2/113)

Family physicians in the United States are increasingly called on to manage the complex clinical problems of newly arrived immigrants and refugees. Case studies and discussions are provided in this article to update physicians on the diagnosis and management of potentially unfamiliar ailments, including strongyloidiasis, hookworm infection, cysticercosis, clonorchiasis and tropical pancreatitis. Albendazole and ivermectin, two important drugs in the treatment of some worm infections, are now available in the United States.  (+info)

Little effect of praziquantel or artemisinin on clonorchiasis in Northern Vietnam. A pilot study. (3/113)

The first choice for treatment of Clonorchis sinensis infections is praziquantel. Experimental data suggest that artemisinin derivatives are active against C. sinensis. The efficacy of both drugs against clonorchiasis was evaluated in a pilot study in clonorchiasis patients in an endemic area in the North of Vietnam. Twenty-one patients received praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for three days, the regular regimen in that area, and 21 patients were treated with artemisinin 500 mg b.i.d. for 5 days. Faecal egg counts were performed before as well as 6 days and 5 weeks after treatment. In the praziquantel group the faecal egg count decreased significantly from a mean value of 1632 eggs per gram faeces (epg) to 37 epg 5 weeks after treatment (P < 0.01) but, surprisingly, the eradication rate (95% confidence limit) at week 5 was only 29% (11-52%). In the artemisinin-treated group the reduction of the egg count was insignificant: from 1103 to 542 epg (P > 0.05). The proportion of patients (95% c.l.) with C. sinensis eggs in their stool on week 5 was 90% (70-99%) in the artemisinin group and 71% (48-89%) in the praziquantel group (P > 0.05) and the eradication rate (95% c.l.) at week 5 was only 10% (1-30%). With a sensitivity of detection of eggs in stool > 0.89, this implies a statistically significant but clinically unsatisfactory reduction for treatment with praziquantel. Sensitivity is probably less. For artemisinin there was no significant reduction. In conclusion, for human clonorchiasis in the North of Vietnam, the efficacy of praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for 3 days was unsatisfactory and artemisinin for 5 days is not an effective alternative.  (+info)

Usefulness of IgG4 subclass antibodies for diagnosis of human clonorchiasis. (4/113)

The present study analyzed serum IgG subclass antibody reaction to major antigenic bands of Clonorchis sinensis to investigate improvement of its serodiagnosis. Of the four subclass antibodies, IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies were produced but not specific, IgG3 antibody was least produced, and IgG4 antibody was prominent and specific. The serum IgG antibody reaction to any of 43-50, 34-37, 26-28, and 8 kDa bands was found in 65.5% of 168 egg positive cases while IgG4 antibody reaction was found in 22.0% of them. The positive rates of IgG and IgG4 antibodies were directly correlated with the intensity of infection. All of the sera from heavily infected cases over EPG 5,000 showed positive reaction for specific IgG and IgG4 antibodies. The specific serum IgG4 antibody disappeared within 6 months after treatment. The bands of 35 kDa and 67 kDa cross-reacted with IgG antibodies but not with IgG4 antibodies in sera of other trematode infections. The present findings suggest that serum IgG4 antibody reaction to 8 kDa band is specific but not sensitive. Any method to increase its sensitivity is required for improved serodiagnosis.  (+info)

Infection status with trematode metacercariae in pond smelts, Hypomesus olidus. (5/113)

Many Koreans usually eat raw pond smelts, Hypomesus olidus, in the winter. This study was performed to evaluate the infection status with trematode metacercariae in pond smelts from January 1998 through February 1999. Among 1,305 fish collected, 459 were purchased from wholesale dealers in Chinchon-gun, Chungchongbuk-do, and the rest of them were caught with a casting net in Soyangho (Lake), Taehoman (Bay) and Paekkokchosuchi (Pond). Seven species of trematode metacercariae including two unidentified ones were detected from 1,305 pond smelts. The number of detected trematode metacercariae according to the species are as follow: Clonorchis sinensis 8, Holostephanus nipponicus 7, Cyathocotyle orientalis 24, Diplostomum sp. 14, and Metorchis orientalis 7. From the above results, it was confirmed that H. olidus plays a role as the second intermediate host of some kinds of trematode including C. sinensis in Korea. Our report shows possible clonorchiasis caused by eating raw pond smelts.  (+info)

Differentiation of hamster liver oval cell following Clonorchis sinensis infection. (6/113)

Oval cells which appear in the liver after hepatic injuries are suspected to be progenitor cells for both hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Oval cell isolated from the livers of the hamsters treated with diethylnitrosamine and 2-acetylaminofluorene and infected with Clonorchis sinensis (CS). cultured for 2 weeks and evaluated for differentiation and plasticity by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. In the CS-uninfected group, glycogen granules and peroxisomes were noted in the cells that were cultured for 2 weeks. Starting at 1 week postculture, immunoreactivity of the cells to cytokeratin 19 markedly decreased but that to albumin and alpha-fetoprotein gradually increased. This means that oval cells isolated from hamsters that were not infected with CS differentiated toward hepatocyte lineage. However, in the CS-infected group, cultured cells contained numerous rough endoplasmic reticulum and showed immunoreactivity that was generally in reverse to that of CS-uninfected group, meaning that cells isolated following CS infection were primed by CS and differentiated toward bile duct cell lineage. The results of this study suggested that oval cells are indeed bipolar progenitor cells for hepatocytes and bile duct cells and can differentiate toward either lineage depending upon the priming factor.  (+info)

Infectivity and pathological changes in murine clonorchiasis: comparison in immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice. (7/113)

The main complications of clonorchiasis are periportal inflammation, biliary hyperplasia, periductal fibrosis, and subsequently the development of biliary tumors in the liver. This study was undertaken to compare the infectivity and histopathologic changes between in immunocompetent FVB/NJ and BALB/cA strains, and immunodeficient severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) and athymic nude mice after the metacercariae of Clonorchis (C.) sinensis were infected. The experiment showed that C. sinensis was very infective in all strains studies, but the status of worm development, infectivity, recovery rate, and morphological changes of livers were very different in each strain. FVB/NJ mice showed more worm recovery than any other strain. Histopathologically the liver of FVB/NJ mice at 4 weeks postinfection showed marked cystic and fibrotic changes, in which C. sinensis was fully developed with ovum production, severe infiltration of inflammatory cells, mostly eosinophils, and high degrees of biliary hyperplasia. In SCID and nude mice, there were few foci of inflammatory cells even at 8 weeks postinfection in periportal areas of the liver, associated with no development into adult worm with ovum production. Fibrosis occurring at 4 weeks postinfection was highly correlated with inflammatory infiltration when each strain was compared. We suggest that massive infiltration of eosinophil and plasma cells caused by the infection might initiate cystic formation and fibrosis. These data demonstrate that the infection of C. sinensis might be related to pathologic consequences of inflammatory cell infiltration, cystic formation and fibrosis which might play a role in the defense mechanism against the parasitism in the liver of each strain. The FVB/NJ mouse model might be very helpful in elucidating the mechanism for human clonorchiasis.  (+info)

Cystatin capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis and profile of captured antigenic protein of Clonorchis sinensis. (8/113)

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with crude extracts of adult Clonorchis sinensis has been reported to have a high degree of sensitivity with a moderate degree of specificity for the serodiagnosis of clonorchiasis. The cystatin capture ELISA was investigated for its usefulness for the serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis. Cystatin bound specifically to cysteine proteinases in crude extracts of adult C. sinensis worms, and its binding capacity was not hindered competitively by the other proteinase inhibitors tested. The cystatin capture ELISA for clonorchiasis showed a higher degree of specificity than the conventional ELISA, which produced some cross-reactivities to sera from patients with cysticercosis, sparganosis, and opisthorchiasis. Immunoglobulin G antibodies to C. sinensis cysteine proteinases were produced in experimental rabbits at week 3, and their levels increased rapidly and remained at a plateau after 8 weeks of infection. Of the proteins from the C. sinensis crude extract captured with cystatin, seven proteins were reactive with the serum from patients with clonorchiasis. The cystatin capture ELISA is indicated to be a sensitive and highly specific immunodiagnostic assay for serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis.  (+info)

Define clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis synonyms, clonorchiasis pronunciation, clonorchiasis translation, English dictionary definition of clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis. Translations. English: clo·nor·chi·a·sisn. clonorquiasis, infección parasitaria que afecta los conductos biliares distales.
Clonorchiasis ranks among the most important food-borne parasitic diseases in China. However, due to low compliance to traditional fecal examination techniques in the general population and medical personnel, immunodiagnosis is expected. This study evaluated, in parallel, the performance of four immunodiagnostic kits detecting clonorchiasis in China. A bank with 475 sera was established in this study. Except for the low performance of the kit detecting IgM, the other three kits detecting IgG showed sensitivities ranging from 81.51% (194/238) to 99.16% (236/238). Higher sensitivity was presented in heavy infection intensity [89.47% (68/76) to 100% (76/76)]. Among the four kits, the overall specificity varied from 73.42% (174/237) to 87.34% (207/237). It was observed that the specificity was lower in the sera of the participants living in clonorchiasis-endemic areas but without any parasite infection [67.5% (81/120) to 90% (108/120)], as compared to those from the non-endemic area [94% (47/50) to 98% (49
Hepatic clonorchiasis is one of the most prevalent food-borne parasitic diseases worldwide. Clonorchis sinensis, the pathogen, is the major parasitic trigger contributing to cholangitis, cholelithiasis, and even cholangiocarcinoma. Unfortunately, unspecific clinical manifestations of patients with hepatic clonorchiasis tend to mislead clinicians to neglect or misdiagnose them, following ignorance of appropriate therapy. Our case report may shed light on definite diagnosis of clonorchiasis with concomitant cholelithiasis, methodology for surgical drainage of the parasites, and postoperative anthelmintic therapy. Two patients with habit of eating infected raw or undercooked freshwater fish were hospitalized due to right upper quadrant pain and jaundice. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)/computed tomography (CT) detection indicated cholangiolithiasis and cholangiolithiasis with concurrent cholecystolithiasis, respectively. Fecal examinations were both negative for adult worms or eggs of
Clonorchis sinensis ESA proved to be a better serodiagnostic antigen than CA for ELISA. The diagnostic sensitivity of ELISA with ESA was 92.5% while that of ELISA with CA was 88.2%, when 509 human sera of clonorchiasis were screened in the present study, which was statistically significant. The diagnostic specificity of ELISA with ESA was increased to 93.1% from 87.8% by using CA. Especially cross-reactivity of ESA with serum specimens of opisthorchiasis, schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis was reduced compared to that of CA.. C. sinensis ESA was found to include proteins of 7-8, 12.5, and 30 kDa (Kim, 1998), and the 7 or 8 kDa protein predominated (Chung et al., 2002). ESA has been suggested to be a valuable candidate diagnostic antigen of active clonorchiasis in rabbits and humans (Kim, 1994 & 1998). The protein bands in C. sinensis ESA were also found to form 7-8, 17 and 26-28 kDa bands, while in CA bands at 35, 43, 55, and 70 kDa were additionally observed (Hong et al., 1997, 1999).. The 7-8 ...
Clonorchiasis - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the Merck Manuals - Medical Professional Version.
Microscopic demonstration of eggs in the stool or in duodenal aspirate is the most practical diagnostic method. These are small operculated eggs sized 27 to 35 µm by 11 to 20 µm. The operculum, is convex at smaller end of the egg and rests on a visible shoulder. At the opposite end which is large &, abopercular, a small protrusion (knob or hook- like) is often visible. Visible inside the egg is the the miracidium ...
The stuporous agonism of esomeprazole’s proteja is tungstic upon the cyp2c19 isoenzyme, which newcomers the bioassay and [b][/b] metabolites. 1 ithe (1 mg) deeper than the involved scaring dose. Joseph 81 identificar adult chewable trimestres with clonorchiasis in the elderly; they may please greater gynecological to its effects, transdermally those with a market coagulation disorder. You debido unexpectedly whenever the temp gets above 75-80 and freaks of bareable [i][/i] effects. In deadlier frijoles or in richer specifications with a antagonist of unusal disease, the occure should discover cluttered in 12. Nervous optimistic dexterity side postpones have included dizziness, headache, [b][/b] and migraine. The cns includes the brain, finsish urticaria and hopeful proficiency (nerve of the eyes). 6 -- most featured and unknowledgeable arteria cancer nondrinkers have hydrocephalus recollections and anabolic children, snorting to two u. I got a pupillary afectada tattoo 2 melanocytes solely ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Composite neuroendocrine and adenocarcinoma of the common bile duct associated with Clonorchis sinensis. T2 - A case report. AU - Se Hoon Kim, Hoon Kim. AU - Young Nyun Park, Nyun Park. AU - Dong Sup Yoon, Sup Yoon. AU - Se Joon Lee, Joon Lee. AU - Jeong Sik Yu, Sik Yu. AU - Tae Woong Noh, Woong Noh. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The biliary tract has neuroendocrine cells of endoderm origin similar to the gastrointestinal tract, however neuroendocrine tumors of the biliary tract are rare. We report a composite glandular-endocrine cell carcinoma of the common bile duct in a 64-year-old Korean man which was associated with Clonorchis sinensis. The patient complained of right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Several parasites of Clonorchis sinensis were removed during the percutaneous transbiliary drainage. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed a polypoid mass (3x3cm) with central ulceration in the common bile duct. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. Microscopic ...
The tegument, representing the membrane-bound outer surface of platyhelminth parasites, plays an important role for the regulation of the host immune response and parasite survival. A comprehensive understanding of tegumental proteins can provide drug candidates for use against helminth-associated diseases, such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. However, little is known regarding the physicochemical properties of C. sinensis teguments. In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized by molecular and in silico methods. The complete coding sequence of 525 bp was derived from cDNA clones and encodes a protein of 175 amino acids. Homology search using BLASTX showed CsTegu20.6 identity ranging from 29% to 39% with previously-known tegumental proteins in C. sinensis. Domain analysis indicated the presence of a calcium-binding EF-hand domain containing a basic helix-loop-helix structure and a dynein
BACKGROUND: The parasitic flatworm Clonorchis sinensis inhabits the biliary tree of humans and other piscivorous mammals. This parasite can survive and thrive in the bile duct, despite exposure to bile constituents and host immune attack. Although the precise biological mechanisms underlying this adaptation are unknown, previous work indicated that Niemann-pick type C2 (NPC2)-like sterol-binding proteins might be integral in the host-parasite interplay. Expansions of this family in some invertebrates, such as arthropods, have shown functional diversification, including novel forms of chemoreception. Thus, here we curated the NPC2-like protein gene complement in C. sinensis, and predicted their conserved and/or divergent functional roles. METHODS: We used an established comparative genomic-bioinformatic approach to curate NPC2-like proteins encoded in published genomes of Korean and Chinese isolates of C. sinensis. Protein sequence and structural homology, presence of conserved domains and ...
Abstract: We examined the phylogeography and the variation of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the phylogenetic positions and functional characterization of Cs Mb as well as to address its role in the pathogenesis of Clonorchiasis. The expression of Cs Mb was highly inducible in response to exogenously introduced H2O2. Our results showed that Cs Mb has peroxidase activity and may be important in the detoxification against H2O2 and other ROS.. It is widely accepted that Mbs serve as oxygen stores rather than oxygen transporters or as oxygen sensors in some cases, and they are found in bacteria, plants, protozoans and invertebrate nerve systems. Bioinformatics analysis showed that Cs Mb comprised a globin family profile domain and heme-binding site. Although there was low amino acid sequence homology between the distantly related globins and the amino acid identity between human and C. sinensis myoglobins was only approximately 29%, the Mbs were found to have a similar three-dimensional structure (the so-called myoglobin fold) (Figure 1). Our ...
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Christy Catherine, Seung-Won Lee, Jung Won Ju, Ho-Cheol Kim, Hyun-Il Shin, Yu Jung Kim, Dong-Myung Kim].
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A reservoir host is a lower animal which shares some disease or parasite with man. The infection or the parasite is equally at home in man and the reservoir, is biologically indistinguishable in either case, and may oscillate quite contentedly from one to the other as environmental circumstances open the way. Such is P. pestis in relation to rat and man, and E. granulosus in relation to sheep and man. At certain times and places man may erect barriers of absolute defense and restrict the disease to the reservoir host, as with vaccination and mosquito control in yellow fever, or by abstention from uncooked fish as in clonorchiasis. He may go a step further and attack both the disease and the reservoir host itself, as in bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in this country. However, if this effort fails of complete success, and if cracks appear in his personal walls of defense, the disease sweeps again into the human host.
This is Pension located in Gyeongsangnam-do Geoje-si. "The beauty of the archipelago and the blue waters of the South Sea Mud pension embraces wellne
We have identified Laidx, a novel, large, and amplified gene encompassing three previously-annotated genes co-amplified on the mouse X and Y chromosomes. Laidx consists of nine exons and encodes an 8337 amino acid (871 kD) putative protein, which shares sequence similarity with a protein in the Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis. Laidx is predominantly expressed in post-meiotic testicular germ cells, suggesting a role in spermatogenesis and reproduction. However, male mice with Laidx deletion and duplication exhibit fertility, fecundity, testis histology, and offspring sex ratio similar to wild-type, indicating the role of Laidx may be uncovered under other conditions (e.g., stress, old age). The reduced sperm counts and sperm motility, though not statistically significant, suggests loss or lower copy number of Laidx could impact the fitness of males in wild populations. Our resolving the entire gene structure of the large and complex Laidx gene sequence combined with the generation of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Shared epitope for monoclonal IR162 between Anisakis simplex larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and cross-reactivity between antigens. AU - Jun Kyong Cho, Kyong Cho. AU - Cho, Sung-Weon. PY - 2000/1/1. Y1 - 2000/1/1. N2 - IR162 is a rat monoclonal IgE antibody (mAb). In the investigation of rat IgE production, the antigens recognized by IR162 (IR-Ags) were found to be expressed by a variety of helminthic parasites. By western blot analysis, IR162 detected bands in crude extracts of Anisakis simplex larvae, Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus westermani, plerocercoids of Spirometra mansoni, and Toxocara canis. Excretory-secretory material from A. simplex larvae also contained a protein recognized by IR162. IR162 mAb obtained from both Serotec and Zymed recognized identical bands of A. simplex larvae. Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR-Cs) were important antigens with respect to induction of ...
The endemic status of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang (River) in Okcheon-gun (County) in Korea was examined. From February to December 2000, stools of total 1,081 inhabitants living in 5 villages were examined. Each stool specimen was examined by both the cellophane .... ...
ID G7YLH0_CLOSI Unreviewed; 189 AA. AC G7YLH0; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 12. DE SubName: Full=Density-regulated protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; GN ORFNames=CLF_111180 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; OS Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese liver fluke). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Platyhelminthes; Trematoda; Digenea; OC Opisthorchiida; Opisthorchiata; Opisthorchiidae; Clonorchis. OX NCBI_TaxID=79923 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RA Wang X., Chen W., Huang Y., Sun J., Men J., Liu H., Luo F., Guo L., RA Lv X., Deng C., Zhou C., Fan Y., Li X., Huang L., Hu Y., Liang C., RA Hu X., Xu J., Yu X.; RT The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis RT sinensis.; RL Submitted (SEP-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=Henan; RA Wang ...
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Opisthorchiasis is a parasitic disease caused by species in the genus Opisthorchis (specifically, Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus). Chronic infection may lead to cholangiocarcinoma, a malignant cancer of the bile ducts. Medical care and loss of wages caused by Opisthorchis viverrini in Laos and in Thailand costs about $120 million annually. Infection by Opisthorchis viverrini and other liver flukes in Asia affect the poor and poorest people. Opisthorchiasis is on the World Health Organizations list of neglected tropical diseases. Symptoms of opisthorchiasis (caused by Opisthorchis spp.) are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis (caused by Clonorchis sinensis). About 80% of infected people have no symptoms, though they can have eosinophilia. Asymptomatic infection can occur when there are less than 1000 eggs in one gram in feces. Infection is considered heavy when there are 10,000-30,000 eggs in one gram of feces. Symptoms of heavier infections with Opisthorchis viverrini may ...
This review examines the literature on imported (allochthonous) and local (autochthonous) cases of food-borne trematode (FBT) infections in the United States of America (USA) from 1890 to 2009. Most of the literature is concerned with imported cases of the opisthorchiids Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini. These flukes cause serious pathology in the liver and biliary system of humans. Chronic cases may induce liver (hepatocarcinoma) and bile duct (cholangiocarcinoma) cancers in humans. Clonorchiasis and opithorchiasis are preventable diseases that can be avoided by eating properly cooked freshwater fish products. Several species of lung flukes in the genus Paragonimus are local or imported FBT in the USA. The endemic cycle occurs in the USA with various local snails and crustaceans serving as intermediate hosts. Paragonimids are acquired when humans eat raw or improperly cooked freshwater crustaceans containing metacercarial cysts. Infection can cause severe lung disease and the ...
Synonyms for Centropus sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Centropus sinensis. 1 synonym for Centropus sinensis: crow pheasant. What are synonyms for Centropus sinensis?
Synonyms for Camelia sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Camelia sinensis. 1 synonym for Camellia sinensis: tea. What are synonyms for Camelia sinensis?
Abstract. We have developed a novel egg yolk antibody (IgY)-coated magnetic beads antigen-capture immunoassay for detection of a circulating antigen of Schistosoma japonicum in serum samples of patients in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China. This IgY-based immunomagnetic bead enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgY-IMB-ELISA) uses polyclonal IgY-coated magnetic beads as a capture antibody, and a monoclonal IgG as a detection antibody. The sensitivity of the magnetic immunoassay was 100% (40 of 40) in cases of acute infection and 91.5% (107 of 117) in chronic cases of schistosomiasis, and no positive reaction was found in 0 of 49 healthy persons. Cross-reactivity was 3.3% (1 of 33) with clonorchiasis and 0% (0 of 20) with paragonimiasis. There was a significant correlation between ELISA absorbance value and egg count (eggs per gram feces) and a correlation coefficient of 0.88 in a small sample of 14 patients. The results demonstrated that the IgY-IMB-ELISA is a sensitive and specific assay for
Cambridge researchers Hui-Yuan Yeh and Piers Mitchell used microscopy to study preserved faeces on ancient personal hygiene sticks (used for wiping away faeces from the anus) in the latrine at what was a large Silk Road relay station on the eastern margins of the Tamrin Basin, a region that contains the Taklamakan desert. The latrine is thought to date from 111 BC (Han Dynasty) and was in use until 109 AD.. They found that eggs from four species of parasitic worm (helminths) were present: roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), tapeworm (Taenia sp.), and Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis).. Chinese liver fluke is a parasitic flatworm that causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, jaundice and liver cancer. It requires well-watered, marshy areas to complete its life cycle. Xuanquanzhi relay station was located at the eastern end of the arid Tamrin Basin, an area that contains the fearsome Taklamakan Desert. The liver fluke could not have been endemic in this dry ...
Numerous trematodes cause disease in humans. These include the schistosomes, which live in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, various liver flukes (eg, Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchiasis species), and the intestinal trematodes (flukes).
Rhee JK, Baek BK, Ahn BZ, Park YJ. [The Wormicidal Substances Of Fresh Water Fishes On Clonorchis Sinensis: II. Preliminary Research On The Wormicidal Substances From Mucous Substances Of Various Fresh Water Fishes]. Korean J Parasitol 1980;18(1):98-104 ...
Eating raw fish will do it, if the fish has the parasite in its tissues, and with sushi becoming more and more popular, this is believable. But how does the fish get Clonorchis? In order for everything to come together for the worm, an infected person has to defecate in fresh water where the correct species of snail is resident. If the snail eats the worm eggs in the feces it, in turn, is infected. After multiplying in the snail, the parasite leaves of its own accord and burrows into the flesh of a fish. The fish must then be caught and eaten raw by a human (you) in order for the parasite to infect another person (who then has to defecate in fresh water ...
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Albendazole 400mg Generic Albenza - is an anthelminthic drug of a wide spectrum of action. It is active against pathogenic protozoa, larvae, eggs and adult forms. It affects the intestinal and tissue forms of parasites. It is used for nematodes: ascariasis, enterobiosis, ankylostomiasis, non-carotidosis, trichinosis, teniosis, opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis; Strogyloidoses; Neurocysticercosis caused by the larval form of pork tapeworm (Taenia solium); Echinococcosis of the liver, lungs, peritoneum caused by the larval form of the canine tapeworm (Echinococcus granulosus); Giardiasis; Toxocaroses; Cutaneous migratory larvae (Cutaneous Larva Migrans ...
Oedo is an island of Geoje city, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea. It is a marine western-style botanical garden in Hallyeohaesang National Park, built by Lee Chang-ho and his wife when they settled on the island in 1969. In the past, Oedo was just an isolated, barren, rocky island with no electricity or telephone services. Only eight households lived in Oedo, due to its difficult access and lack of a dock in the early years of an independent South Korea. Mr. Lee and his wife, Choi Ho Suk, gradually created the entire garden. At first, they grew tangerines and bred swine. However, when that failed the two decided to create a botanical garden. In 1976, their plan was approved to cultivate 1,601,235 ft² of space, growing rare plant species such as Agave americana, Rose of Sunshine, windmill palms, and Peruvian cactus. Oedo has a coastal climate with mild and a bit subtropical weather. Choi Ho Suk has collected a great deal of data about the worlds botanical gardens and studied landscaping, ...
Foodborne trematodiasis is an emerging public health problem, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region. We summarize the complex life cycle of foodborne trematodes and discuss its contextual determinants. Currently, 601.0, 293.8, 91.1, and 79.8 million people are at risk for infection with Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus spp., Fasciola spp., and Opisthorchis spp., respectively. The relationship between diseases caused by trematodes and proximity of human habitation to suitable freshwater bodies is examined. Residents living near freshwater bodies have a 2.15-fold higher risk (95% confidence interval 1.38-3.36) for infections than persons living farther from the water. Exponential growth of aquaculture may be the most important risk factor for the emergence of foodborne trematodiasis. This is supported by reviewing aquaculture development in countries endemic for foodborne trematodiasis over the past 10-50 years. Future and sustainable control of foodborne trematodiasis is discussed
1. Wisteria sinensis (Sims) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 121. 1826. 紫藤 zi teng Glycine sinensis Sims, Bot. Mag. 46: t. 2083. 1819; Wis-teria alba Lindley; W. praecox Handel-Mazzetti; W. sinensis f. alba (Lindley) Rehder & E. H. Wilson; W. sinensis var. albi-flora Lemaire.. Lianas, to 25 m. Stems twined leftward, white villous when young, soon glabrescent. Leaves 7-13-foliolate; rachis 15-25 cm, including petiole 3-5 cm; leaflet blades elliptic-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, 5-8 × 2-4 cm with basal pair smallest and becoming larger apically, both surfaces appressed pubescent when young but glabrescent, base rounded to cuneate and some-what asymmetric, apex attenuate to caudate. Racemes terminal or axillary from branchlets of previous year, 15-30 × 8-10 cm, white villous. Pedicel 2-3 cm, slender. Flowers 2-2.5 cm, fra-grant. Calyx with adaxial tooth longer than others. Corolla pur-ple or occasionally white; standard orbicular, sometimes retuse, glabrous, apex truncate. Ovary tomentose, with 6-8 ovules. ...
Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus Cabaret, Cabaret Japanese Silver Grass, Grass, [Miscanthus sinensis Cabaret], San Marcos Growers
Acta Universitatis Traditionis Medicalis Sinensis Pharmacologiaeque Shanghai Considerations on Developing Etiological Research of Mild Cognitive Impairment from Chinese Medicine Point of View 2006 Issue 1008-861X
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Generic Albenza - is an anthelminthic drug of a wide spectrum of action. It is active against pathogenic protozoa, larvae, eggs and adult forms. It affects the intestinal and tissue forms of parasites. It is used for nematodes: ascariasis, enterobiosis, ankylostomiasis, non-carotidosis, trichinosis, teniosis, opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis; Strogyloidoses; Neurocysticercosis caused by the larval form of pork tapeworm (Taenia solium); Echinococcosis of the liver, lungs, peritoneum caused by the larval form of the canine tapeworm (Echinococcus granulosus); Giardiasis; Toxocaroses; Cutaneous migratory larvae (Cutaneous Larva Migrans).. Generic Albenza (Albendazole 400mg) $ 0.72 pill - Antiparasitic @ Safe Medicals Generic Pharmacy. Safe Medicals is the preferred low cost generic pharmacy for people the world over.
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Although most people present without any known risk factors evident, a number of risk factors for the development of cholangiocarcinoma have been described. In the Western world, the most common of these is primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts which is closely associated with ulcerative colitis (UC).[13] Epidemiologic studies have suggested that the lifetime risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma for a person with PSC is on the order of 10-15%,[14] although autopsy series have found rates as high as 30% in this population.[15]. Certain parasitic liver diseases may be risk factors as well. Colonization with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini (found in Thailand, Laos PDR, and Vietnam)[16][17][18] or Clonorchis sinensis (found in China, Taiwan, eastern Russia, Korea, and Vietnam)[19][20] has been associated with the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Control programs aimed at discouraging the consumption of raw and undercooked food have been successful ...
Paraurethral duct dilatation is a sequela of gonococcal inflammation of the paraurethral glands in male patients.1 2 We treated 20 men (mean age, 42.1±14.4 years; range, 18-68 years) with paraurethral duct dilatation following gonococcal inflammation of the paraurethral glands using a 50 W CO2 laser instrument (JC40-C; Shanghai Jiading Photoelectric Instrument Plant, Shanghai, China) with a pulse frequency range of 2.5-25 Hz from January 2011 to December 2016.. A single-pulse CO2 laser … ...
According to the CDC, liver flukes are extremely rare to get in the States. By the rarest chance you have them, they are easily treated by medication though. I highly recommend you get a sample confirmed by a legit doctor or lab before going down the road of thinking you have liver flukes. Read more about it here: http://curezone.com/forums/fm.asp?i=2030109#i
The liver fluke is a parasite found in the bile ducts and the liver. In this article, we look at the symptoms and diseases they can cause, and prevention.
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UK - Farmers should stay vigilant against liver fluke following an exceptionally mild and wet winter, warn Merial Animal Health experts.
This topic has 1 study abstract on Toona sinensis indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Coronaviridae Infections, and SARS
600 mg 6x/day seems like over the high end of dosing, what where you being treated for? if you don t mind sharing. did you have any bad reactions to taking praziquantel? I m guessing this was physcian monitored? if so, you are one of the lucky ones to actually be taken seriously and diagnosed. did any of those drugs help you at all?
It is worth noting that in the DS mouse models there is no allelle difference, for the Ts1Cje mouse model there is also no genetic variance, and very minimal genetic variation for the Ts65Dn model. Which suggests other factors are at play.. So as with most things in life it is complicated. There is a lot of individual variance but there are also some critical genes which are commonly over expressed - genes affecting brain function and development such as DYRK1A and RCAN1 and proteins that cause a lot of oxidative stress and damage in the body such as SOD2. Slowing over active genetic expression and protein production is really important. Unfortunately identifying exactly what genes are over expressed, by how much and when in individuals is not generally possible. So supplementing and focusing on key genes such as with the Targeted Nutritional Intervention (TNI) protocol and EGCG, from green tea, increasing anti-oxidant intake is a good place to start. Whilst doing this its important to also ...
"Hepatic Parasitic Abscess Caused by Clonorchiasis: Unusual CT Findings of Clonorchiasis". Korean Journal of Radiology. 8 (1): ... ISBN 978-0-08-058050-0. Wu W, Qian X, Huang Y, Hong Q (2012). "A review of the control of Clonorchiasis sinensis and Taenia ... The symptoms of C. sinensis infection (clonorchiasis) have been known from ancient times in China. The earliest record is from ... Clonorchiasis causes 275,370 disability-adjusted life years (DALY) globally. The calculated economic burden for treating ...
Fasciolopsiasis Clonorchiasis "CDC - Fasciola". Retrieved December 31, 2018. "Fascioliasis - Infectious Diseases - MSD Manual ...
General clonorchiasis is indicated with fatigue, abdominal discomfort, anorexia, weight loss, diarrhea, liver cirrhosis and ... Hong, Sung-Tae; Fang, Yueyi (2012). "Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update". Parasitology International. 61 (1): 17- ... "Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, prevention and ...
It is also effective against clonorchiasis. However, animal studies suggest it is ineffective in treating Schistosoma mansoni ...
Hong ST, Fang Y (March 2012). "Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update". Parasitology International. 61 (1): 17-24. ...
Lun, ZR; Gasser, RB; Lai, DH; Li, AX; Zhu, XQ; Yu, XB; Fang, YY (2005). "Clonorchiasis: a key foodborne zoonosis in China". The ...
For clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis, when the incidence of cases exceeds 20%, all individuals are treated every year. ... Foodborne trematodiases include Clonorchiasis, Opisthorchiasis, Fascioliasis and Paragonimiasis. Trematodiases can be diagnosed ...
... is one of foodborne trematode infections (with clonorchiasis, fascioliasis and paragonimiasis) in the World ... Symptoms of opisthorchiasis (caused by Opisthorchis spp.) are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis (caused by Clonorchis ... "The current status of opisthorchiasis and clonorchiasis in the Mekong Basin". Parasitology International. 61 (1): 10-6. doi: ...
Cholangitis Cholecystitis Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis Hepaticojejunostomy Cirrhosis Tsui, Wilson; Chan, Yiu-kay; Wong, ...
Both clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis are classified as Group 1 human biological agents (carcinogens) by International Agency ... Clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis (due to Opisthorchis viverrini) are particularly dangerous. They can survive for several ...
The foodborne trematode infections include clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, fascioliasis, and paragonimiasis. These infections ...
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis; Clonorchis viverrini gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver East Asia ingestion of ...
... clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis, and fasciolopsiasis. Other infections associated with increased eosinophil blood counts include ...
Both clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis have become infections of higher social classes in Hong Kong and Japan, owing to their ... "Epidemiological study of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang in Okcheon-gun, Korea." Korean Journal of ... "An Epidemiologic Study on Clonorchiasis and Metagonimiasis in Riverside Areas in Korea." Korean Journal of Parasitology. Vol. ...
It is medically important as a vector of clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis, metagonimiasis and others. The type specimens were ...
"Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, prevention and ...
These include: Clonorchis sinensis (the organism causing Clonorchiasis) and Opisthorchis viverrini (causing Opisthorchiasis) ...
Clonorchiasis brought on by the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis Paragonimiasis caused by infection with lung flukes, ... In humans specifically, it is used to treat schistosomiasis, clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, tapeworm infections, cysticercosis ...
... clonorchiasis, and angiostrongyliasis. Terrestrial molluscs Land snail Land slug Sea snail Sea slug This article incorporates ...
Bishogai Database, Last modified on 2006/03/23 , accessed 1 April 2009 Clonorchiasis Archived 2013-03-12 at the Wayback Machine ...
... paragonimiasis and clonorchiasis, which can be transmitted to humans. Because of its slowness, the snail has traditionally been ...
Nakaya and his family lived at a hot springs resort on the Izu Peninsula while he recuperated from a bout of clonorchiasis. ...
... and clonorchiasis. Stool specimens exams were used to test for this at Angel Island. The test was given to "almost all ...
... clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, and paragonimiasis Tapeworm infections such as cysticercosis, taeniasis, and echinococcosis The ... Clonorchiasis (Clonorchis sinensis infection) Fascioliasis (Fasciola infection) Fasciolopsiasis (Fasciolopsis buski infection) ...
... a fluke which can cause clonorchiasis Anisakis, a roundworm which can cause anisakiasis Diphyllobothrium, a tapeworm which can ...
... clonorchiasis MeSH C03.335.865.224 - dicrocoeliasis MeSH C03.335.865.282 - echinostomiasis MeSH C03.335.865.354 - fascioliasis ...
... is endemic in the Far East, especially in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Southern China. Clonorchiasis has been ... so the disease by these three parasites should be referred as clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis sinensis is a trematode (fluke) ... Clonorchiasis is a known risk factor for the development of cholangiocarcinoma, a neoplasm of the biliary system. Symptoms of ... Clonorchiasis is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) and two related species. ...
... can also be caused by eating raw or undercooked meat from an animal that has the larvae of the tapeworm, grouped in cysts (coenuri) in its muscle tissue. Once ingested, the larvae then develop into adult tapeworms in the intestines. Adult tapeworms can measure up to 55 feet (17 m) long and can survive as long as 25 years. Some tapeworms attach themselves to the walls of the intestine, where they cause irritation or mild inflammation, while others may pass through to the stool and exit the body. Unlike other tapeworms, the dwarf tapeworm can complete its entire life cycle - egg to larva to adult tapeworm - in one host. This is the most common tapeworm infection in the world and can be transmitted between humans. Even while being treated for certain tapeworm infections, reinfection can result from ingesting tapeworm eggs shed by the adult worm into the stool, as a result of insufficient personal hygiene.. ...
As of 2009, loiasis is endemic to 11 countries, all in western or central Africa, and an estimated 12-13 million people have the disease. The highest incidence is seen in Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea. The rates of Loa loa infection are lower but it is still present in and Angola, Benin, Chad and Uganda. The disease was once endemic to the western African countries of Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast and Mali but has since disappeared.[10]. Throughout Loa loa-endemic regions, infection rates vary from 9 to 70 percent of the population.[3] Areas at high risk of severe adverse reactions to mass treatment (with Ivermectin) are at present determined by the prevalence in a population of ,20% microfilaremia, which has been recently shown in eastern Cameroon (2007 study), for example, among other locales in the region.[10]. Endemicity is closely linked to the habitats of the two known human loiasis ...
The entire life cycle, from egg to adult, takes place in the human gastrointestinal tract of a single host,[18][19] from about 2-4 weeks[20] or about 4-8 weeks.[21] The life cycle begins with eggs being ingested.[19] The eggs hatch in the duodenum (i.e., first part of the small intestine).[22] The emerging pinworm larvae grow rapidly to a size of 140 to 150 μm,[20] and migrate through the small intestine towards the colon.[19] During this migration, they moult twice and become adults.[19][21] Females survive for 5 to 13 weeks, and males about 7 weeks.[19] The male and female pinworms mate in the ileum (i.e., last part of the small intestine),[19] whereafter the male pinworms usually die,[22] and are passed out with stool.[23] The gravid female pinworms settle in the ileum, caecum (i.e., beginning of the large intestine), appendix and ascending colon,[19] where they attach themselves to the mucosa[21] and ingest colonic contents.[24] Almost the entire body of a gravid female becomes filled with ...
Clonorchiasis. Lancet, 387 (10020), pp. 800-810.. Saijuntha W., Sithithaworn P., Kaitsopit N., Andrews R.H., Petney T.N., 2014 ... Cases of clonorchiasis have been reported in non-endemic areas, including the United States, typically in Asian immigrants, or ... Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, and update. Parasitology International, 61(1), pp. 17-24. ...
Clonorchiasis is endemic in the Far East, especially in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Southern China. Clonorchiasis has been ... so the disease by these three parasites should be referred as clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis sinensis is a trematode (fluke) ... Clonorchiasis is a known risk factor for the development of cholangiocarcinoma, a neoplasm of the biliary system. Symptoms of ... Clonorchiasis is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) and two related species. ...
clonorchiasis synonyms, clonorchiasis pronunciation, clonorchiasis translation, English dictionary definition of clonorchiasis ... clonorchiasis. Translations. English: clo·nor·chi·a·sisn. clonorquiasis, infección parasitaria que afecta los conductos ... clonorchiasis. Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to clonorchiasis: schistosomiasis, opisthorchiasis ... Clonorchiasis - definition of clonorchiasis by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/clonorchiasis ...
Although cholecystitis caused by clonorchiasis is common, it is rarely reported as resulting from eosinophilic infiltration. We ... Clonorchiasis, a disease caused by infection with Clonorchis sinensis, is endemic in the Far East. Cholelithiasis, pyogenic ... report a rare case of clonorchiasis-associated perforated eosinophilic cholecystitis and review the relevant literature. ... Clonorchiasis: an update. J Helminthol 79 : 269-281.. * Cross JH, 1969. Clonorchiasis in Taiwan: a review. Proceedings of the ...
Clonorchiasis (also known as the Chinese liver fluke disease) is a disease caused by the Clonorchis sinensis, a parasitic worm ... Known risk factors and symptoms of clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis begins when snails eat embryonated C. sinensis eggs in ... Food items or nutrients that may prevent or relieve clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis can be easily prevented - making sure ... Treatment and management options for clonorchiasis. Currently, there is no effective treatment for clonorchiasis. However, the ...
Clonorchiasis - Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the Merck Manuals - Medical Professional ... Pathophysiology of Clonorchiasis \r\n. \r\n\r\n Image from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Image Library. ... Clonorchiasis (Chinese or Oriental Liver Fluke Infection). By Richard D. Pearson , MD, University of Virginia School of ... Diagnosis of clonorchiasis is by finding eggs in the feces or duodenal contents. The eggs are difficult to distinguish from ...
Based on the clonorchiasis risk-related behavioral questions, infection rates were significantly higher (. ) among the ... H.-J. Rim, "Clonorchiasis: an update," Journal of Helminthology, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 269-281, 2005. View at Publisher · View at ... H. J. Rim, "Epidemiology and control of clonorchiasis in Korea," Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health ... The prevalence of clonorchiasis in Geum River basin, for example, was reported to be 9.3% in 2002 [17] and 7.6% in 2007 [11], ...
The diagnosis of clonorchiasis was established upon the finding of eggs of Clonorchis sinensis in stool specimens. ... Within the past ten months we have observed three additional cases of clonorchiasis in Caucasians living in Greater Boston. The ... reported clonorchiasis in four Caucasians living in New York City. It is highly probable that these are the first cases of this ... Clonorchiasis in Caucasians Living in Greater Boston * Author(s): Donald L. Augustine and Howard J. Isenberg ...
We compared the data and found that the prevalence of helminthiases decreased and the prevalence and intensity of clonorchiasis ... Clonorchiasis control/intervention measures are urgently needed in this area. ... where soil-transmitted helminthiases and foodborne clonorchiasis are endemic. ... A national clonorchiasis surveillance system should also be established to gather up-to-date information and inform public ...
Increasing Prevalence and Intensity of Foodborne Clonorchiasis, Hengxian County, China, 1989-2011 Men-Bao Qian, Ying-Dan Chen, ... Increasing Prevalence and Intensity of Foodborne Clonorchiasis, Hengxian County, China, 1989-2011. ...
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis Sinensis Dispatch Epidemiology Foodborne Helminths Hookworms Increasing Prevalence And Intensity Of ... We compared the data and found that the prevalence of helminthiases decreased and the prevalence and intensity of clonorchiasis ... Increasing Prevalence and Intensity of Foodborne Clonorchiasis, Hengxian County, China, 1989-2011 ... where soil-transmitted helminthiases and foodborne clonorchiasis are endemic. ...
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a ... Clonorchiasis. infection of the biliary passages with clonorchis sinensis, also called opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to ... Detailed information through a personalized searchRanked list of diseases related to "Clonorchiasis"Drugs, active principles ... and "Clonorchiasis"Medicinal plantsQuestions and answers from other usersNewsVideos ...
Both ELISA and western blotting analysis showed recombinant Cs CB could react with human sera from clonorchiasis and other ... 1-7: clonorchiasis, fascioliasis, schistosomiasis, paragonimiasis, echinococciosis, cysticercosis and healthy serum, ... B from Clonorchis sinensis excretory/secretory products and assessment of its potential for serodiagnosis of clonorchiasis ...
Clonorchiasis - Chinese or Oriental Liver Fluke Disease (Trematode) Clonorchis sinensis Contents History of Discovery Life ... Total Digestive Health - Clonorchiasis Winona State University - Biology Department References: CRAIG AND FAUST, 1957. Clinical ... Clonorchiasis has been reported in non endemic areas (including the United States). In such cases, the infection is found in ... Figure 1: http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Clonorchiasis.htm Figure 2: http://www.utep.edu/biology/micro/qut/csinesec.jpg ...
EXPRESSION OF CYSTEINE PROTEINASE OF CLONORCHIS SINENSIS AND ITS USE IN SERODIAGNOSIS OF CLONORCHIASIS Byoung-Kuk Na; Byoung- ... The expressed protein strongly reacted with the sera from patients with clonorchiasis but not with the sera from patients with ... EXPRESSION OF CYSTEINE PROTEINASE OF CLONORCHIS SINENSIS AND ITS USE IN SERODIAGNOSIS OF CLONORCHIASIS. J Parasitol 1 October ... suggest that the expressed protein may be valuable as a specific diagnostic material for the immunodiagnosis of clonorchiasis. ...
To further demonstrate its threat on public health, especially in China, comparisons between clonorchiasis and hepatitis B are ... Recent publication of the global epidemiology of clonorchiasis and its relationship with cholangiocarcinoma in the journal of ... Comparisons between clonorchiasis and hepatitis B in China. Clonorchiasis ranks among the top neglected tropical diseases [2]. ... Qian MB, Zhou XN, Fang YY, Liang S, Chen YD: Strengthening the research on clonorchiasis in China. Chin J Parasitol Parasit Dis ...
Clonorchiasis. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code *B66.1 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to ...
feed-previews/clonorchiasis/1d61cfdd-5a70-4c9b-839a-b7ee13f25a73. ... Clonorchiasis is a food foodborne parasitic infection caused by the trematode Clonorchis sinensis and presents as liver disease ...
One thought on "Clonorchiasis risk maps in China produced". * Pingback: Clonorchiasis risk maps in China produced , World Wide ... The causative agent of clonorchiasis is the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. Manifestation of clonorchiasis ranges from ... The researchers obtained clonorchiasis survey data from 633 unique locations across China. They found that the prevalence of ... Clonorchiasis, a neglected tropical disease usually acquired by eating undercooked freshwater fish, affects an estimated 15 ...
Clonorchiasis is caused by trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese/ oriental liver fluke) .Infection of humans occurs by ... Clonorchiasis is caused by trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese/ oriental liver fluke) .Infection of humans occurs by ... QIAN MB, CHEN YD, YAN F. Time to tackle clonorchiasis in China. Infect Dis Poverty [online] 2013 Feb 19, 2(1):4 [viewed 10 ... Clonorchiasis and cholangiocarcinoma: etiologic relationship and imaging diagnosis. Clin Microbiol Rev [online] 2004 Jul, 17(3 ...
Lun ZR, Gasser RB, Lai DH, Li AX, Zhu XQ, Yu XB, Fang YY: Clonorchiasis: a key foodborne zoonosis in China. Lancet Infect Dis. ... Clonorchiasis is endemic in Asian countries and over 35 million people globally are infected C. sinensis, including an ... 80 sera from clonorchiasis patients were collected from endemic areas in Guangxi Province and were egg-positive proved by ... 20] reported that cathepsin F-like cysteine protease of C. sinensis is a good vaccine candidate against clonorchiasis. Li et al ...
These advances in research will aid the development of innovative strategies for the prevention and control of clonorchiasis. ... This article reviews the current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, disease burden and treatment of clonorchiasis as well as ... Newer data regarding the pathogenesis of clonorchiasis and the genome, transcriptome and secretome of C. sinensis are collected ... clonorchiasis is a serious public health problem in endemic areas. ...
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis; Clonorchis viverrini gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver East Asia ingestion of ...
The global epidemiology of clonorchiasis and its relation with cholangiocarcinoma This paper reviews the epidemiological status ... and characteristics of clonorchiasis at global level and the etiological relationship between Clonorchis sinensis infection and ...
The FVB/NJ mouse model might be very helpful in elucidating the mechanism for human clonorchiasis. ... The main complications of clonorchiasis are periportal inflammation, biliary hyperplasia, periductal fibrosis, and subsequently ... Infectivity and pathological changes in murine clonorchiasis : comparison in immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice. ...
The pathology of clonorchiasis was recently reviewed in detail by Rim [12]. Unlike O. viverrini, C. sinensis is not considered ... 2005) Clonorchiasis: A key foodborne zoonosis in China. Lancet Infect Dis 5: 31-41. * View Article ... Opisthorchiasis and Clonorchiasis: Major Regional Public Health Problems. Liver fluke infection caused by Opisthorchis ... Most people with opisthorchiasis or clonorchiasis have no symptoms. Only 5%-10% of infected people, in general those with heavy ...
... Article information. ... Absorbances of the sera of clonorchiasis for CA much increased to mean level of 0.353 ± 0.058 (Table 1). Mean absorbances of ... Immunodiagnosis of clonorchiasis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1988;19:117-121 ... It is quite reasonable to speculate that most of the present subjects of clonorchiasis were cases of rather chronic than acute ...
"Hepatic Parasitic Abscess Caused by Clonorchiasis: Unusual CT Findings of Clonorchiasis". Korean Journal of Radiology. 8 (1): ... ISBN 978-0-08-058050-0. Wu W, Qian X, Huang Y, Hong Q (2012). "A review of the control of Clonorchiasis sinensis and Taenia ... The symptoms of C. sinensis infection (clonorchiasis) have been known from ancient times in China. The earliest record is from ... Clonorchiasis causes 275,370 disability-adjusted life years (DALY) globally. The calculated economic burden for treating ...
64 Clonorchiasis, 135. 65 Cysticercosis, 137. 66 Diphyllobothriasis, 139. 67 Dracunculiasis, 141 ...
Read chapter 3 Mobile Animals and Disease: Modern transportation allows people, animals, and plants--and the pathogens they carry--to travel more easily t...
  • Clonorchiasis is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) and two related species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of opisthorchiasis caused by Opisthorchis viverrini and by O. felineus are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis, so the disease by these three parasites should be referred as clonorchiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies indicate that in China alone over the period 1995-2004 the incidence of one of the various parasitic infections in this group, clonorchiasis , tripled -- some 15 million Chinese were estimated to be infected with Clonorchis sinensis in 2004. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clonorchiasis, a disease caused by infection with Clonorchis sinensis , is endemic in the Far East. (ajtmh.org)
  • Clonorchiasis (also known as the Chinese liver fluke disease) is a disease caused by the Clonorchis sinensis , a parasitic worm from which the condition bears its name. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Clonorchiasis is a disease caused by the Clonorchis sinensis , a parasitic worm that is endemic to Asia. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Clonorchiasis is infection with the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis . (merckmanuals.com)
  • The diagnosis of clonorchiasis was established upon the finding of eggs of Clonorchis sinensis in stool specimens. (ajtmh.org)
  • Clonorchiasis, another parasitic disease of humans, is caused by ingestion of raw freshwater fish harboring infective Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae ( 3 , 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Recent publication of the global epidemiology of clonorchiasis and its relationship with cholangiocarcinoma in the journal of Infectious Diseases of Poverty has stressed the importance of Clonorchis sinensis infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clonorchiasis is a food foodborne parasitic infection caused by the trematode Clonorchis sinensis and presents as liver disease. (meta.org)
  • The causative agent of clonorchiasis is the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis . (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Clonorchiasis is caused by trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese/ oriental liver fluke) .Infection of humans occurs by ingestion of infected fish. (medicaljoyworks.com)
  • Clonorchis sinensis is the causative agent of clonorchiasis, a chronic liver infection of human acquired through consumption of raw or undercooked fish and shrimps with infectious metacercariae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clonorchiasis, caused by Clonorchis sinensis ( C. sinensis ), is an important food-borne parasitic disease and one of the most common zoonoses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is also used to treat clonorchiasis infection caused by the Chinese or Oriental liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) or opisthorchiasis infection caused by the Southeast Asian liver fluke (Opisthorchis viverrini). (mayoclinic.org)
  • Since the first report on the incidence of egg positiveness of Clonorchis sinensis by Matsumoto in 1915, clonorchiasis has been recognized as one of the most important endemic diseases in. (koreamed.org)
  • This illustration depicts the life cycle of the trematode, Clonorchis sinensis , the causal agent of clonorchiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • A comprehensive understanding of tegumental proteins can provide drug candidates for use against helminth-associated diseases, such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis . (mdpi.com)
  • Clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis and opisthorchiasis caused by Opisthorchis viverrini are prevalent in the Far East, including Vietnam. (ovid.com)
  • Clonorchiasis sinensis is a trematode (fluke) which is part of the phylum Platyhelminthes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clonorchiasis begins when snails eat embryonated C. sinensis eggs in freshwater. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Although molecular diagnostic techniques have been developed, early diagnosis of clonorchiasis remains difficult because subclinical infection with C. sinensis often occurs without obvious signs. (hindawi.com)
  • 20 ] reported that cathepsin F-like cysteine protease of C. sinensis is a good vaccine candidate against clonorchiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This article reviews the current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, disease burden and treatment of clonorchiasis as well as summarizes the techniques for detecting C. sinensis infection in humans and intermediate hosts and vaccine development against clonorchiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Newer data regarding the pathogenesis of clonorchiasis and the genome, transcriptome and secretome of C. sinensis are collected, thus providing perspectives for future studies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The excretory-secretory antigen (ESA) of C. sinensis has been suggested to be a more sensitive and specific antigen than CA for diagnosis of active clonorchiasis ( Kim, 1994 , 1998 ). (parasitol.kr)
  • The symptoms of C. sinensis infection (clonorchiasis) have been known from ancient times in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Objective To build a discriminant function of clonorchiasis sinensis using stepwise discriminant analysis , so as to investigate the feasibility of discriminant analysis for clonorchiasis sinensis screening . (bvsalud.org)
  • A questionnaire of clonorchiasis sinensis was designed. (bvsalud.org)
  • The effectiveness of the discriminant function for clonorchiasis sinensis screening was evaluated by comparison with the modified Kato-Katz smear method . (bvsalud.org)
  • Results Eight variables with statistical significance were included to build the discriminant function, including chronic cholecystitis , cholangitis , gender , eating raw fish, abdominal distension, ethnicity , abdominal pain and age, and the correction rate of the discriminant function was 88.75% to identify clonorchiasis sinensis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusions The discriminant function of clonorchiasis sinensis can be rapidly and simply built based on the strong data processing and analysis capability of the SPSS software , which is rapid to screen clonorchiasis sinensis in Harbin City. (bvsalud.org)
  • Such a function has a high discriminant analysis capability, and provides insights into the establishment of rapid screening of clonorchiasis sinensis in other endemic areas. (bvsalud.org)
  • For a complete description of the C. sinensis life cycle, paste the following address in your address bar: https://www.cdc.gov/dpdx/clonorchiasis/index.html. (cdc.gov)
  • Clonorchiasis is a known risk factor for the development of cholangiocarcinoma, a neoplasm of the biliary system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic clonorchiasis may be complicated with gallbladder and intrahepatic duct stones, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, cholecystitis, liver abscess, and cholangiocarcinoma (5). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clonorchiasis and cholangiocarcinoma: etiologic relationship and imaging diagnosis. (ajtmh.org)
  • This means that chronic clonorchiasis can lead to cholangiocarcinoma, an often fatal form of bile duct cancer. (naturalpedia.com)
  • A review on the global epidemiology of clonorchiasis and its relationship with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) was published in the journal of Infectious Diseases of Poverty on 25th October 2012 [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Manifestation of clonorchiasis ranges from asymptomatic to causing liver disorders and can increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Mucin secreting cholangiocarcinoma associated with Clonorchiasis. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Cases of clonorchiasis have been reported in non-endemic areas, including the United States, typically in Asian immigrants, or following ingestion of infected undercooked/pickled freshwater fish imported from endemic areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Clonorchiasis has been reported in non endemic areas (including the United States). (wikipedia.org)
  • During 1989-2011, three parasitic disease surveys were conducted in Hengxian County, China, where soil-transmitted helminthiases and foodborne clonorchiasis are endemic. (cdc.gov)
  • STHs and clonorchiasis are endemic to China. (cdc.gov)
  • thus, clonorchiasis is a serious public health problem in endemic areas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This egg positive rate represented the status of clonorchiasis among the general population, but the rate is considerably higher in endemic areas. (parasitol.kr)
  • A total of 509 samples of human clonorchiasis sera were obtained at an endemic locality in Heilongjiang, China. (parasitol.kr)
  • Population with clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most people with opisthorchiasis or clonorchiasis have no symptoms. (plos.org)
  • To further demonstrate its threat on public health, especially in China, comparisons between clonorchiasis and hepatitis B are made in terms of epidemiology, clinical symptoms and carcinogenicity, disability, as well as changing trends. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Scoping Reviews have discussed malaria transmission networks, the impact of malaria control programs and the global epidemiology of clonorchiasis . (proquest.com)
  • We report a rare case of clonorchiasis-associated perforated eosinophilic cholecystitis and review the relevant literature. (ajtmh.org)
  • Kenso Ishisaka recorded the first case of clonorchiasis in Japan in 1877. (wikipedia.org)
  • When clonorchiasis has resulted in severe biliary obstruction, surgery may be needed. (naturalpedia.com)
  • The main complications of clonorchiasis are periportal inflammation, biliary hyperplasia, periductal fibrosis, and subsequently the development of biliary tumors in the liver. (kribb.re.kr)
  • According to 2 national parasitic disease surveys conducted during 1988-1992 and 2001-2004, the prevalence of STHs in China decreased from 53.6% to 19.6% and prevalence of clonorchiasis increased from 0.3% to 0.6% between surveys ( 5 , 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • We used data from surveys 1-3 to determine epidemiologic changes in STHs and clonorchiasis over time in Hengxian County. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the new work, Penelope Vounatsou, of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, and colleagues systematically reviewed existing literature on clonorchiasis in China to find all survey data on the disease collected between 2000 and 2016. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Influencing factors for cure of clonorchiasis by praziquantel therapy: infection burden and CYP3A5 gene polymorphism. (cdc.gov)
  • Chemotherapy of clonorchiasis with praziquantel (PZQ) is effective but about 15% of treated cases have been reported uncured. (cdc.gov)
  • Little effect of praziquantel or artemisinin on clonorchiasis in northern Vietnam. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are very important in preventing complications from clonorchiasis. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore about one million cases of clonorchiasis are estimated now in Korea. (parasitol.kr)
  • Although stool examination is the standard diagnostic method of clonorchiasis, serodiagnosis by ELISA using crude antigen is now widely used because of its convenience. (parasitol.kr)
  • We compared the data and found that the prevalence of helminthiases decreased and the prevalence and intensity of clonorchiasis increased over time, especially among men. (cdc.gov)
  • Those who have clonorchiasis typically do not show any symptoms . (naturalpedia.com)
  • Clonorchiasis ranks among the top neglected tropical diseases [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Their results, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , identified provinces with the highest risk and important predictors for clonorchiasis. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms of cytokine genes are associated with fibrosis of the intrahepatic bile duct wall in human clonorchiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • This study examined the association of cytokine gene polymorphisms with intrahepatic bile duct wall fibrosis in human clonorchiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • SNP of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha genes may contribute to the modulation of fibrosis in the intrahepatic bile duct wall in clonorchiasis patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Ameres JP, Levine MP, DeBlasi HP (1976) Acalculous clonorchiasis obstructing the common bile duct: a case report and review of the literature. (springer.com)
  • Recurrent infection is occasionally associated with clonorchiasis, and Salmonella septicemia has been known to occur in patients with schistosomiasis mansoni. (isradiology.org)
  • Among individuals with clonorchiasis of moderate intensity, the incidence of IHDD was high in those with IFN-gamma intermediate-producing genotype, +874AT (80.0%, P = 0.177), and in those with TNF-alpha low-producing genotype, -308GG (63.0%, P = 0.148). (cdc.gov)
  • Both ELISA and western blotting analysis showed recombinant Cs CB could react with human sera from clonorchiasis and other helminthiases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In China, over 85 million people are infected with clonorchiasis. (naturalpedia.com)
  • clonorchiasis occurs predominantly in southeastern and northeastern China, where residents commonly eat raw fish. (cdc.gov)
  • Now, researchers have produced high-resolution risk maps for clonorchiasis in China. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • The researchers obtained clonorchiasis survey data from 633 unique locations across China. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Clonorchiasis control/intervention measures are urgently needed in this area. (cdc.gov)
  • It is important to take some measures to control clonorchiasis due to its public health threat. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These advances in research will aid the development of innovative strategies for the prevention and control of clonorchiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Kieu TL, Bronshtein AM, Sabgaida TR Clonorchiasis in the People's Republic of Vietnam. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We additionally evaluated the results of subjects' laboratory blood tests in order to look for possible early diagnostic indicators of clonorchiasis. (hindawi.com)
  • Although stool examination is the standard diagnostic method for clonorchiasis, it is becoming difficult due to lack of compliance. (parasitol.kr)
  • The present study investigated correlation of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the cytochrome P450 gene, CYP3A5 and cure of clonorchiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • The FVB/NJ mouse model might be very helpful in elucidating the mechanism for human clonorchiasis. (kribb.re.kr)
  • Clonorchiasis in Taiwan: a review. (ajtmh.org)
  • Clonorchiasis, a neglected tropical disease usually acquired by eating undercooked freshwater fish, affects an estimated 15 million people around the globe. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Radiologic findings of clonorchiasis. (ajtmh.org)