Clonorchiasis: Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Clonorchis sinensis: A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.Heterophyidae: A family of intestinal flukes of the class Trematoda which occurs in animals and man. Some of the genera are Heterophyes, Metagonimus, Cryptocotyle, Stellantchasmus, and Euryhelmis.Praziquantel: An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.Antiplatyhelmintic Agents: Agents used to treat cestode, trematode, or other flatworm infestations in man or animals.Paragonimus: A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.Parasite Egg Count: Determination of parasite eggs in feces.Metacercariae: Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Food Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Anthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.Antigens, Helminth: Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Shellfish: Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Bed Rest: Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.Microsporida: An order of parasitic FUNGI found mostly in ARTHROPODS; FISHES; and in some VERTEBRATES including humans. It comprises two suborders: Pansporoblastina and APANSPOROBLASTINA.Schistosoma japonicum: A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.Cathepsin B: A lysosomal cysteine proteinase with a specificity similar to that of PAPAIN. The enzyme is present in a variety of tissues and is important in many physiological and pathological processes. In pathology, cathepsin B has been found to be involved in DEMYELINATION; EMPHYSEMA; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, and NEOPLASM INVASIVENESS.Cathepsins: A group of lysosomal proteinases or endopeptidases found in aqueous extracts of a variety of animal tissues. They function optimally within an acidic pH range. The cathepsins occur as a variety of enzyme subtypes including SERINE PROTEASES; ASPARTIC PROTEINASES; and CYSTEINE PROTEASES.Cathepsin L: A ubiquitously-expressed cysteine protease that plays an enzymatic role in POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN PROCESSING of proteins within SECRETORY GRANULES.Opisthorchis: A genus of trematode liver flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. It consists of the following species: O. felineus, O. noverca (Amphimerus noverca), and O. viverrini. The intermediate hosts are snails, fish, and AMPHIBIANS.Cathepsin D: An intracellular proteinase found in a variety of tissue. It has specificity similar to but narrower than that of pepsin A. The enzyme is involved in catabolism of cartilage and connective tissue. EC 3.4.23.5. (Formerly EC 3.4.4.23).Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Toxoplasmosis: The acquired form of infection by Toxoplasma gondii in animals and man.Toxoplasmosis, Congenital: Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)Toxoplasmosis, Ocular: Infection caused by the protozoan parasite TOXOPLASMA in which there is extensive connective tissue proliferation, the retina surrounding the lesions remains normal, and the ocular media remain clear. Chorioretinitis may be associated with all forms of toxoplasmosis, but is usually a late sequel of congenital toxoplasmosis. The severe ocular lesions in infants may lead to blindness.Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral: Infections of the BRAIN caused by the protozoan TOXOPLASMA gondii that primarily arise in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES (see also AIDS-RELATED OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS). The infection may involve the brain diffusely or form discrete abscesses. Clinical manifestations include SEIZURES, altered mentation, headache, focal neurologic deficits, and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp41-3)Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Parasites: Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Parasitic Diseases, Animal: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Protozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Paragonimiasis: Infection with TREMATODA of the genus PARAGONIMUS.Opisthorchiasis: Infection with flukes of the genus Opisthorchis.Serologic Tests: Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.Schistosomicides: Agents that act systemically to kill adult schistosomes.Schistosomiasis mansoni: Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.Schistosoma haematobium: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.Schistosomiasis haematobia: A human disease caused by the infection of parasitic worms SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM. It is endemic in AFRICA and parts of the MIDDLE EAST. Tissue damages most often occur in the URINARY TRACT, specifically the URINARY BLADDER.

Long-lasting sonographic and histopathological findings in cured clonorchiasis of rabbits. (1/113)

To ascertain residual sonographic and histopathological findings of clonorchiasis after treatment, the present study evaluated sonographic findings in rabbits which were infected with 500 metacercariae of C. sinensis every 6 months for 18 months after treatment with praziquantel. The sonographic findings were analyzed in terms of intrahepatic bile duct dilatation and periductal echogenicity, and histopathological findings were observed after the last sonographic examination. Compared with the sonographic findings before treatment, dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts became mild to some degree in four of the seven cases and increased periductal echogenicity resolved in four of them. The histopathological specimens after 18 months showed that periductal inflammation has almost resolved but moderate dilatation of the intrahepatic ducts and mucosal hyperplasia persisted. The periductal fibrosis minimally resolved. The long-lasting sonographic findings in cured clonorchiasis make sonography less specific.  (+info)

Case studies in international medicine. (2/113)

Family physicians in the United States are increasingly called on to manage the complex clinical problems of newly arrived immigrants and refugees. Case studies and discussions are provided in this article to update physicians on the diagnosis and management of potentially unfamiliar ailments, including strongyloidiasis, hookworm infection, cysticercosis, clonorchiasis and tropical pancreatitis. Albendazole and ivermectin, two important drugs in the treatment of some worm infections, are now available in the United States.  (+info)

Little effect of praziquantel or artemisinin on clonorchiasis in Northern Vietnam. A pilot study. (3/113)

The first choice for treatment of Clonorchis sinensis infections is praziquantel. Experimental data suggest that artemisinin derivatives are active against C. sinensis. The efficacy of both drugs against clonorchiasis was evaluated in a pilot study in clonorchiasis patients in an endemic area in the North of Vietnam. Twenty-one patients received praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for three days, the regular regimen in that area, and 21 patients were treated with artemisinin 500 mg b.i.d. for 5 days. Faecal egg counts were performed before as well as 6 days and 5 weeks after treatment. In the praziquantel group the faecal egg count decreased significantly from a mean value of 1632 eggs per gram faeces (epg) to 37 epg 5 weeks after treatment (P < 0.01) but, surprisingly, the eradication rate (95% confidence limit) at week 5 was only 29% (11-52%). In the artemisinin-treated group the reduction of the egg count was insignificant: from 1103 to 542 epg (P > 0.05). The proportion of patients (95% c.l.) with C. sinensis eggs in their stool on week 5 was 90% (70-99%) in the artemisinin group and 71% (48-89%) in the praziquantel group (P > 0.05) and the eradication rate (95% c.l.) at week 5 was only 10% (1-30%). With a sensitivity of detection of eggs in stool > 0.89, this implies a statistically significant but clinically unsatisfactory reduction for treatment with praziquantel. Sensitivity is probably less. For artemisinin there was no significant reduction. In conclusion, for human clonorchiasis in the North of Vietnam, the efficacy of praziquantel 25 mg/kg o.d. for 3 days was unsatisfactory and artemisinin for 5 days is not an effective alternative.  (+info)

Usefulness of IgG4 subclass antibodies for diagnosis of human clonorchiasis. (4/113)

The present study analyzed serum IgG subclass antibody reaction to major antigenic bands of Clonorchis sinensis to investigate improvement of its serodiagnosis. Of the four subclass antibodies, IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies were produced but not specific, IgG3 antibody was least produced, and IgG4 antibody was prominent and specific. The serum IgG antibody reaction to any of 43-50, 34-37, 26-28, and 8 kDa bands was found in 65.5% of 168 egg positive cases while IgG4 antibody reaction was found in 22.0% of them. The positive rates of IgG and IgG4 antibodies were directly correlated with the intensity of infection. All of the sera from heavily infected cases over EPG 5,000 showed positive reaction for specific IgG and IgG4 antibodies. The specific serum IgG4 antibody disappeared within 6 months after treatment. The bands of 35 kDa and 67 kDa cross-reacted with IgG antibodies but not with IgG4 antibodies in sera of other trematode infections. The present findings suggest that serum IgG4 antibody reaction to 8 kDa band is specific but not sensitive. Any method to increase its sensitivity is required for improved serodiagnosis.  (+info)

Infection status with trematode metacercariae in pond smelts, Hypomesus olidus. (5/113)

Many Koreans usually eat raw pond smelts, Hypomesus olidus, in the winter. This study was performed to evaluate the infection status with trematode metacercariae in pond smelts from January 1998 through February 1999. Among 1,305 fish collected, 459 were purchased from wholesale dealers in Chinchon-gun, Chungchongbuk-do, and the rest of them were caught with a casting net in Soyangho (Lake), Taehoman (Bay) and Paekkokchosuchi (Pond). Seven species of trematode metacercariae including two unidentified ones were detected from 1,305 pond smelts. The number of detected trematode metacercariae according to the species are as follow: Clonorchis sinensis 8, Holostephanus nipponicus 7, Cyathocotyle orientalis 24, Diplostomum sp. 14, and Metorchis orientalis 7. From the above results, it was confirmed that H. olidus plays a role as the second intermediate host of some kinds of trematode including C. sinensis in Korea. Our report shows possible clonorchiasis caused by eating raw pond smelts.  (+info)

Differentiation of hamster liver oval cell following Clonorchis sinensis infection. (6/113)

Oval cells which appear in the liver after hepatic injuries are suspected to be progenitor cells for both hepatocytes and bile duct cells. Oval cell isolated from the livers of the hamsters treated with diethylnitrosamine and 2-acetylaminofluorene and infected with Clonorchis sinensis (CS). cultured for 2 weeks and evaluated for differentiation and plasticity by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. In the CS-uninfected group, glycogen granules and peroxisomes were noted in the cells that were cultured for 2 weeks. Starting at 1 week postculture, immunoreactivity of the cells to cytokeratin 19 markedly decreased but that to albumin and alpha-fetoprotein gradually increased. This means that oval cells isolated from hamsters that were not infected with CS differentiated toward hepatocyte lineage. However, in the CS-infected group, cultured cells contained numerous rough endoplasmic reticulum and showed immunoreactivity that was generally in reverse to that of CS-uninfected group, meaning that cells isolated following CS infection were primed by CS and differentiated toward bile duct cell lineage. The results of this study suggested that oval cells are indeed bipolar progenitor cells for hepatocytes and bile duct cells and can differentiate toward either lineage depending upon the priming factor.  (+info)

Infectivity and pathological changes in murine clonorchiasis: comparison in immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice. (7/113)

The main complications of clonorchiasis are periportal inflammation, biliary hyperplasia, periductal fibrosis, and subsequently the development of biliary tumors in the liver. This study was undertaken to compare the infectivity and histopathologic changes between in immunocompetent FVB/NJ and BALB/cA strains, and immunodeficient severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) and athymic nude mice after the metacercariae of Clonorchis (C.) sinensis were infected. The experiment showed that C. sinensis was very infective in all strains studies, but the status of worm development, infectivity, recovery rate, and morphological changes of livers were very different in each strain. FVB/NJ mice showed more worm recovery than any other strain. Histopathologically the liver of FVB/NJ mice at 4 weeks postinfection showed marked cystic and fibrotic changes, in which C. sinensis was fully developed with ovum production, severe infiltration of inflammatory cells, mostly eosinophils, and high degrees of biliary hyperplasia. In SCID and nude mice, there were few foci of inflammatory cells even at 8 weeks postinfection in periportal areas of the liver, associated with no development into adult worm with ovum production. Fibrosis occurring at 4 weeks postinfection was highly correlated with inflammatory infiltration when each strain was compared. We suggest that massive infiltration of eosinophil and plasma cells caused by the infection might initiate cystic formation and fibrosis. These data demonstrate that the infection of C. sinensis might be related to pathologic consequences of inflammatory cell infiltration, cystic formation and fibrosis which might play a role in the defense mechanism against the parasitism in the liver of each strain. The FVB/NJ mouse model might be very helpful in elucidating the mechanism for human clonorchiasis.  (+info)

Cystatin capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis and profile of captured antigenic protein of Clonorchis sinensis. (8/113)

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with crude extracts of adult Clonorchis sinensis has been reported to have a high degree of sensitivity with a moderate degree of specificity for the serodiagnosis of clonorchiasis. The cystatin capture ELISA was investigated for its usefulness for the serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis. Cystatin bound specifically to cysteine proteinases in crude extracts of adult C. sinensis worms, and its binding capacity was not hindered competitively by the other proteinase inhibitors tested. The cystatin capture ELISA for clonorchiasis showed a higher degree of specificity than the conventional ELISA, which produced some cross-reactivities to sera from patients with cysticercosis, sparganosis, and opisthorchiasis. Immunoglobulin G antibodies to C. sinensis cysteine proteinases were produced in experimental rabbits at week 3, and their levels increased rapidly and remained at a plateau after 8 weeks of infection. Of the proteins from the C. sinensis crude extract captured with cystatin, seven proteins were reactive with the serum from patients with clonorchiasis. The cystatin capture ELISA is indicated to be a sensitive and highly specific immunodiagnostic assay for serodiagnosis of human clonorchiasis.  (+info)

Define clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis synonyms, clonorchiasis pronunciation, clonorchiasis translation, English dictionary definition of clonorchiasis. clonorchiasis. Translations. English: clo·nor·chi·a·sisn. clonorquiasis, infección parasitaria que afecta los conductos biliares distales.
Clonorchiasis ranks among the most important food-borne parasitic diseases in China. However, due to low compliance to traditional fecal examination techniques in the general population and medical personnel, immunodiagnosis is expected. This study evaluated, in parallel, the performance of four immunodiagnostic kits detecting clonorchiasis in China. A bank with 475 sera was established in this study. Except for the low performance of the kit detecting IgM, the other three kits detecting IgG showed sensitivities ranging from 81.51% (194/238) to 99.16% (236/238). Higher sensitivity was presented in heavy infection intensity [89.47% (68/76) to 100% (76/76)]. Among the four kits, the overall specificity varied from 73.42% (174/237) to 87.34% (207/237). It was observed that the specificity was lower in the sera of the participants living in clonorchiasis-endemic areas but without any parasite infection [67.5% (81/120) to 90% (108/120)], as compared to those from the non-endemic area [94% (47/50) to 98% (49
Clonorchis sinensis ESA proved to be a better serodiagnostic antigen than CA for ELISA. The diagnostic sensitivity of ELISA with ESA was 92.5% while that of ELISA with CA was 88.2%, when 509 human sera of clonorchiasis were screened in the present study, which was statistically significant. The diagnostic specificity of ELISA with ESA was increased to 93.1% from 87.8% by using CA. Especially cross-reactivity of ESA with serum specimens of opisthorchiasis, schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis was reduced compared to that of CA.. C. sinensis ESA was found to include proteins of 7-8, 12.5, and 30 kDa (Kim, 1998), and the 7 or 8 kDa protein predominated (Chung et al., 2002). ESA has been suggested to be a valuable candidate diagnostic antigen of active clonorchiasis in rabbits and humans (Kim, 1994 & 1998). The protein bands in C. sinensis ESA were also found to form 7-8, 17 and 26-28 kDa bands, while in CA bands at 35, 43, 55, and 70 kDa were additionally observed (Hong et al., 1997, 1999).. The 7-8 ...
Microscopic demonstration of eggs in the stool or in duodenal aspirate is the most practical diagnostic method. These are small operculated eggs sized 27 to 35 µm by 11 to 20 µm. The operculum, is convex at smaller end of the egg and rests on a visible "shoulder". At the opposite end which is large &, abopercular, a small protrusion (knob or hook- like) is often visible. Visible inside the egg is the the miracidium ...
The stuporous agonism of esomeprazole’s proteja is tungstic upon the cyp2c19 isoenzyme, which newcomers the bioassay and [b][/b] metabolites. 1 ithe (1 mg) deeper than the involved scaring dose. Joseph 81 identificar adult chewable trimestres with clonorchiasis in the elderly; they may please greater gynecological to its effects, transdermally those with a market coagulation disorder. You debido unexpectedly whenever the temp gets above 75-80 and freaks of bareable [i][/i] effects. In deadlier frijoles or in richer specifications with a antagonist of unusal disease, the occure should discover cluttered in 12. Nervous optimistic dexterity side postpones have included dizziness, headache, [b][/b] and migraine. The cns includes the brain, finsish urticaria and hopeful proficiency (nerve of the eyes). 6 -- most featured and unknowledgeable arteria cancer nondrinkers have hydrocephalus recollections and anabolic children, snorting to two u. I got a pupillary afectada tattoo 2 melanocytes solely ...
The tegument, representing the membrane-bound outer surface of platyhelminth parasites, plays an important role for the regulation of the host immune response and parasite survival. A comprehensive understanding of tegumental proteins can provide drug candidates for use against helminth-associated diseases, such as clonorchiasis caused by the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. However, little is known regarding the physicochemical properties of C. sinensis teguments. In this study, a novel 20.6-kDa tegumental protein of the C. sinensis adult worm (CsTegu20.6) was identified and characterized by molecular and in silico methods. The complete coding sequence of 525 bp was derived from cDNA clones and encodes a protein of 175 amino acids. Homology search using BLASTX showed CsTegu20.6 identity ranging from 29% to 39% with previously-known tegumental proteins in C. sinensis. Domain analysis indicated the presence of a calcium-binding EF-hand domain containing a basic helix-loop-helix structure and a dynein
Abstract: We examined the phylogeography and the variation of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) of the Chinese liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis (Cobbold, 1875) in two geographic localities in the ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the phylogenetic positions and functional characterization of Cs Mb as well as to address its role in the pathogenesis of Clonorchiasis. The expression of Cs Mb was highly inducible in response to exogenously introduced H2O2. Our results showed that Cs Mb has peroxidase activity and may be important in the detoxification against H2O2 and other ROS.. It is widely accepted that Mbs serve as oxygen stores rather than oxygen transporters or as oxygen sensors in some cases, and they are found in bacteria, plants, protozoans and invertebrate nerve systems. Bioinformatics analysis showed that Cs Mb comprised a globin family profile domain and heme-binding site. Although there was low amino acid sequence homology between the distantly related globins and the amino acid identity between human and C. sinensis myoglobins was only approximately 29%, the Mbs were found to have a similar three-dimensional structure (the so-called myoglobin fold) (Figure 1). Our ...
Comprehensive instructions for specimen collection, special requirements, specimen handling, testing methods and turnaround times.
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A reservoir host is a lower animal which shares some disease or parasite with man. The infection or the parasite is equally at home in man and the reservoir, is biologically indistinguishable in either case, and may oscillate quite contentedly from one to the other as environmental circumstances open the way. Such is P. pestis in relation to rat and man, and E. granulosus in relation to sheep and man. At certain times and places man may erect barriers of absolute defense and restrict the disease to the reservoir host, as with vaccination and mosquito control in yellow fever, or by abstention from uncooked fish as in clonorchiasis. He may go a step further and attack both the disease and the reservoir host itself, as in bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis in this country. However, if this effort fails of complete success, and if cracks appear in his personal walls of defense, the disease sweeps again into the human host.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Shared epitope for monoclonal IR162 between Anisakis simplex larvae and Clonorchis sinensis and cross-reactivity between antigens. AU - Jun Kyong Cho, Kyong Cho. AU - Cho, Sung-Weon. PY - 2000/1/1. Y1 - 2000/1/1. N2 - IR162 is a rat monoclonal IgE antibody (mAb). In the investigation of rat IgE production, the antigens recognized by IR162 (IR-Ags) were found to be expressed by a variety of helminthic parasites. By western blot analysis, IR162 detected bands in crude extracts of Anisakis simplex larvae, Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus westermani, plerocercoids of Spirometra mansoni, and Toxocara canis. Excretory-secretory material from A. simplex larvae also contained a protein recognized by IR162. IR162 mAb obtained from both Serotec and Zymed recognized identical bands of A. simplex larvae. Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that both IR-Ags of A. simplex larvae (IR-As) and C. sinensis (IR-Cs) were important antigens with respect to induction of ...
The endemic status of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang (River) in Okcheon-gun (County) in Korea was examined. From February to December 2000, stools of total 1,081 inhabitants living in 5 villages were examined. Each stool specimen was examined by both the cellophane .... ...
ID G7YLH0_CLOSI Unreviewed; 189 AA. AC G7YLH0; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 12. DE SubName: Full=Density-regulated protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; GN ORFNames=CLF_111180 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1}; OS Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese liver fluke). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Platyhelminthes; Trematoda; Digenea; OC Opisthorchiida; Opisthorchiata; Opisthorchiidae; Clonorchis. OX NCBI_TaxID=79923 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:GAA53801.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008909} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RA Wang X., Chen W., Huang Y., Sun J., Men J., Liu H., Luo F., Guo L., RA Lv X., Deng C., Zhou C., Fan Y., Li X., Huang L., Hu Y., Liang C., RA Hu X., Xu J., Yu X.; RT "The draft genome of the carcinogenic human liver fluke Clonorchis RT sinensis."; RL Submitted (SEP-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=Henan; RA Wang ...
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Opisthorchiasis is a parasitic disease caused by species in the genus Opisthorchis (specifically, Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus). Chronic infection may lead to cholangiocarcinoma, a malignant cancer of the bile ducts. Medical care and loss of wages caused by Opisthorchis viverrini in Laos and in Thailand costs about $120 million annually. Infection by Opisthorchis viverrini and other liver flukes in Asia affect the poor and poorest people. Opisthorchiasis is on the World Health Organizations list of neglected tropical diseases. Symptoms of opisthorchiasis (caused by Opisthorchis spp.) are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis (caused by Clonorchis sinensis). About 80% of infected people have no symptoms, though they can have eosinophilia. Asymptomatic infection can occur when there are less than 1000 eggs in one gram in feces. Infection is considered heavy when there are 10,000-30,000 eggs in one gram of feces. Symptoms of heavier infections with Opisthorchis viverrini may ...
This review examines the literature on imported (allochthonous) and local (autochthonous) cases of food-borne trematode (FBT) infections in the United States of America (USA) from 1890 to 2009. Most of the literature is concerned with imported cases of the opisthorchiids Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini. These flukes cause serious pathology in the liver and biliary system of humans. Chronic cases may induce liver (hepatocarcinoma) and bile duct (cholangiocarcinoma) cancers in humans. Clonorchiasis and opithorchiasis are preventable diseases that can be avoided by eating properly cooked freshwater fish products. Several species of lung flukes in the genus Paragonimus are local or imported FBT in the USA. The endemic cycle occurs in the USA with various local snails and crustaceans serving as intermediate hosts. Paragonimids are acquired when humans eat raw or improperly cooked freshwater crustaceans containing metacercarial cysts. Infection can cause severe lung disease and the ...
Synonyms for Centropus sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Centropus sinensis. 1 synonym for Centropus sinensis: crow pheasant. What are synonyms for Centropus sinensis?
Synonyms for Camelia sinensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Camelia sinensis. 1 synonym for Camellia sinensis: tea. What are synonyms for Camelia sinensis?
Abstract. We have developed a novel egg yolk antibody (IgY)-coated magnetic beads antigen-capture immunoassay for detection of a circulating antigen of Schistosoma japonicum in serum samples of patients in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China. This IgY-based immunomagnetic bead enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgY-IMB-ELISA) uses polyclonal IgY-coated magnetic beads as a capture antibody, and a monoclonal IgG as a detection antibody. The sensitivity of the magnetic immunoassay was 100% (40 of 40) in cases of acute infection and 91.5% (107 of 117) in chronic cases of schistosomiasis, and no positive reaction was found in 0 of 49 healthy persons. Cross-reactivity was 3.3% (1 of 33) with clonorchiasis and 0% (0 of 20) with paragonimiasis. There was a significant correlation between ELISA absorbance value and egg count (eggs per gram feces) and a correlation coefficient of 0.88 in a small sample of 14 patients. The results demonstrated that the IgY-IMB-ELISA is a sensitive and specific assay for
Cambridge researchers Hui-Yuan Yeh and Piers Mitchell used microscopy to study preserved faeces on ancient personal hygiene sticks (used for wiping away faeces from the anus) in the latrine at what was a large Silk Road relay station on the eastern margins of the Tamrin Basin, a region that contains the Taklamakan desert. The latrine is thought to date from 111 BC (Han Dynasty) and was in use until 109 AD.. They found that eggs from four species of parasitic worm (helminths) were present: roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), tapeworm (Taenia sp.), and Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis).. Chinese liver fluke is a parasitic flatworm that causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, jaundice and liver cancer. It requires well-watered, marshy areas to complete its life cycle. Xuanquanzhi relay station was located at the eastern end of the arid Tamrin Basin, an area that contains the fearsome Taklamakan Desert. The liver fluke could not have been endemic in this dry ...
Numerous trematodes cause disease in humans. These include the schistosomes, which live in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, various liver flukes (eg, Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchiasis species), and the intestinal trematodes (flukes).
Rhee JK, Baek BK, Ahn BZ, Park YJ. [The Wormicidal Substances Of Fresh Water Fishes On Clonorchis Sinensis: II. Preliminary Research On The Wormicidal Substances From Mucous Substances Of Various Fresh Water Fishes]. Korean J Parasitol 1980;18(1):98-104 ...
Eating raw fish will do it, if the fish has the parasite in its tissues, and with sushi becoming more and more popular, this is believable. But how does the fish get Clonorchis? In order for everything to come together for the worm, an infected person has to defecate in fresh water where the correct species of snail is resident. If the snail eats the worm eggs in the feces it, in turn, is infected. After multiplying in the snail, the parasite leaves of its own accord and burrows into the flesh of a fish. The fish must then be caught and eaten raw by a human (you) in order for the parasite to infect another person (who then has to defecate in fresh water ...
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Oedo is an island of Geoje city, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea. It is a marine western-style botanical garden in Hallyeohaesang National Park, built by Lee Chang-ho and his wife when they settled on the island in 1969. In the past, Oedo was just an isolated, barren, rocky island with no electricity or telephone services. Only eight households lived in Oedo, due to its difficult access and lack of a dock in the early years of an independent South Korea. Mr. Lee and his wife, Choi Ho Suk, gradually created the entire garden. At first, they grew tangerines and bred swine. However, when that failed the two decided to create a botanical garden. In 1976, their plan was approved to cultivate 1,601,235 ft² of space, growing rare plant species such as Agave americana, Rose of Sunshine, windmill palms, and Peruvian cactus. Oedo has a coastal climate with mild and a bit subtropical weather. Choi Ho Suk has collected a great deal of data about the worlds botanical gardens and studied landscaping, ...
Foodborne trematodiasis is an emerging public health problem, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region. We summarize the complex life cycle of foodborne trematodes and discuss its contextual determinants. Currently, 601.0, 293.8, 91.1, and 79.8 million people are at risk for infection with Clonorchis sinensis, Paragonimus spp., Fasciola spp., and Opisthorchis spp., respectively. The relationship between diseases caused by trematodes and proximity of human habitation to suitable freshwater bodies is examined. Residents living near freshwater bodies have a 2.15-fold higher risk (95% confidence interval 1.38-3.36) for infections than persons living farther from the water. Exponential growth of aquaculture may be the most important risk factor for the emergence of foodborne trematodiasis. This is supported by reviewing aquaculture development in countries endemic for foodborne trematodiasis over the past 10-50 years. Future and sustainable control of foodborne trematodiasis is discussed
Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus Cabaret, Cabaret Japanese Silver Grass, Grass, [Miscanthus sinensis Cabaret], San Marcos Growers
Acta Universitatis Traditionis Medicalis Sinensis Pharmacologiaeque Shanghai Considerations on Developing Etiological Research of Mild Cognitive Impairment from Chinese Medicine Point of View 2006 Issue 1008-861X
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Generic Albenza - is an anthelminthic drug of a wide spectrum of action. It is active against pathogenic protozoa, larvae, eggs and adult forms. It affects the intestinal and tissue forms of parasites. It is used for nematodes: ascariasis, enterobiosis, ankylostomiasis, non-carotidosis, trichinosis, teniosis, opisthorchiasis, clonorchiasis; Strogyloidoses; Neurocysticercosis caused by the larval form of pork tapeworm (Taenia solium); Echinococcosis of the liver, lungs, peritoneum caused by the larval form of the canine tapeworm (Echinococcus granulosus); Giardiasis; Toxocaroses; Cutaneous migratory larvae (Cutaneous Larva Migrans).. Generic Albenza (Albendazole 400mg) $ 0.72 pill - Antiparasitic @ Safe Medicals Generic Pharmacy. Safe Medicals is the preferred low cost generic pharmacy for people the world over.
Although most people present without any known risk factors evident, a number of risk factors for the development of cholangiocarcinoma have been described. In the Western world, the most common of these is primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts which is closely associated with ulcerative colitis (UC).[13] Epidemiologic studies have suggested that the lifetime risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma for a person with PSC is on the order of 10-15%,[14] although autopsy series have found rates as high as 30% in this population.[15]. Certain parasitic liver diseases may be risk factors as well. Colonization with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini (found in Thailand, Laos PDR, and Vietnam)[16][17][18] or Clonorchis sinensis (found in China, Taiwan, eastern Russia, Korea, and Vietnam)[19][20] has been associated with the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Control programs aimed at discouraging the consumption of raw and undercooked food have been successful ...
Paraurethral duct dilatation is a sequela of gonococcal inflammation of the paraurethral glands in male patients.1 2 We treated 20 men (mean age, 42.1±14.4 years; range, 18-68 years) with paraurethral duct dilatation following gonococcal inflammation of the paraurethral glands using a 50 W CO2 laser instrument (JC40-C; Shanghai Jiading Photoelectric Instrument Plant, Shanghai, China) with a pulse frequency range of 2.5-25 Hz from January 2011 to December 2016.. A single-pulse CO2 laser … ...
The liver fluke is a parasite found in the bile ducts and the liver. In this article, we look at the symptoms and diseases they can cause, and prevention.
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UK - Farmers should stay vigilant against liver fluke following an exceptionally mild and wet winter, warn Merial Animal Health experts.
This topic has 1 study abstract on Toona sinensis indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Coronaviridae Infections, and SARS
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis; Clonorchis viverrini gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver East Asia ingestion of ...
"Hepatic Parasitic Abscess Caused by Clonorchiasis: Unusual CT Findings of Clonorchiasis". Korean Journal of Radiology. 8 (1): ... List of parasites (human) Wu W, Qian X, Huang Y, Hong Q (2012). "A review of the control of Clonorchiasis sinensis and Taenia ... The symptoms of C. sinensis infection (clonorchiasis) have been known from ancient times in China. The earliest record is from ... The infection called clonorchiasis generally appears as jaundice, indigestion, biliary inflammation, bile duct obstruction, ...
Hong ST, Fang Y (2012). "Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update". Parasitol Int. 61 (1): 17-24. doi:10.1016/j.parint. ...
Lun, ZR; Gasser, RB; Lai, DH; Li, AX; Zhu, XQ; Yu, XB; Fang, YY (2005). "Clonorchiasis: a key foodborne zoonosis in China". The ...
Symptoms of opisthorchiasis (caused by Opisthorchis spp.) are indistinguishable from clonorchiasis (caused by Clonorchis ... "The current status of opisthorchiasis and clonorchiasis in the Mekong Basin". Parasitology international. 61 (1): 10-6. doi: ...
Both clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis are classified as Group 1 human biological agents (carcinogens) by International Agency ... Clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis (due to Opisthorchis viverrini) are particularly dangerous. They can survive for several ...
The foodborne trematode infections include clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, fascioliasis, and paragonimiasis. These infections ...
... clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis, and fasciolopsiasis. Other infections associated with increased eosinophil blood counts include ...
Fasciolopsiasis Clonorchiasis Mas-Coma S, Bargues MD, Valero MA (October 2005). "Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode ...
Interestingly, both clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis have become infections of higher social classes in Hong Kong and Japan, ... "Epidemiological study of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along the Geum-gang in Okcheon-gun, Korea." Korean Journal of ... "An Epidemiologic Study on Clonorchiasis and Metagonimiasis in Riverside Areas in Korea." Korean Journal of Parasitology. Vol. ...
... accessed 1 April 2009 Clonorchiasis. Image Library, accessed 1 April 2009. Cho H. C.; Chung P. R.; Lee K. T. (December 1983 ...
It is medically important as a vector of clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis, metagonimiasis and others. The type specimens were ...
Hong ST, Fang Y (March 2012). "Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, an update". Parasitology International. 61 (1): 17-24. ...
"Current status and perspectives of Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis: epidemiology, pathogenesis, omics, prevention and ...
These include: Clonorchis sinensis (the organism causing Clonorchiasis) and Opisthorchis viverrini (causing Opisthorchiasis) ...
... clonorchiasis, and angiostrongyliasis. Terrestrial molluscs Land snail Land slug Sea snail Sea slug This article incorporates ...
... that are causing disease clonorchiasis. Some species are parasites of economically important fish, e.g. Clarias gariepinus. ...
... and clonorchiasis. Stool specimens exams were used to test for this at Angel Island. The test was given to "almost all ...
Food-borne trematodiases as listed by the WHO: Clonorchiasis Opisthorchiasis Fascioliasis Paragonimiasis Others: Metagonimiasis ...
Clonorchiasis (B66.2) Dicrocoeliasis (B66.3) Fascioliasis (B66.4) Paragonimiasis (B66.5) Fasciolopsiasis (B66.8) Other ...
... clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, and paragonimiasis Tapeworm infections such as cysticercosis, taeniasis, and echinococcosis The ... Clonorchiasis (Clonorchis sinensis infection) Fascioliasis (Fasciola infection) Fasciolopsiasis (Fasciolopsis buski infection) ...
... clonorchiasis MeSH C03.335.865.224 --- dicrocoeliasis MeSH C03.335.865.282 --- echinostomiasis MeSH C03.335.865.354 --- ...
... is endemic in the Far East, especially in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Southern China. Clonorchiasis has been ... so the disease by these three parasites should be referred as clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis sinensis is a trematode (fluke) ... Clonorchiasis is a known risk factor for the development of cholangiocarcinoma, a neoplasm of the biliary system. Symptoms of ... Clonorchiasis is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, and two related species. ...
... can also be caused by eating raw or undercooked meat from an animal that has the larvae of the tapeworm, grouped in cysts (coenuri) in its muscle tissue. Once ingested, the larvae then develop into adult tapeworms in the intestines. Adult tapeworms can measure up to 55 feet (17 m) long and can survive as long as 25 years. Some tapeworms attach themselves to the walls of the intestine, where they cause irritation or mild inflammation, while others may pass through to the stool and exit the body. Unlike other tapeworms, the dwarf tapeworm can complete its entire life cycle - egg to larva to adult tapeworm - in one host. This is the most common tapeworm infection in the world and can be transmitted between humans. Even while being treated for certain tapeworm infections, reinfection can result from ingesting tapeworm eggs shed by the adult worm into the stool, as a result of insufficient personal hygiene.. ...
As of 2009, loiasis is endemic to 11 countries, all in western or central Africa, and an estimated 12-13 million people have the disease. The highest incidence is seen in Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea. The rates of Loa loa infection are lower but it is still present in and Angola, Benin, Chad and Uganda. The disease was once endemic to the western African countries of Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast and Mali but has since disappeared.[10]. Throughout Loa loa-endemic regions, infection rates vary from 9 to 70 percent of the population.[3] Areas at high risk of severe adverse reactions to mass treatment (with Ivermectin) are at present determined by the prevalence in a population of ,20% microfilaremia, which has been recently shown in eastern Cameroon (2007 study), for example, among other locales in the region.[10]. Endemicity is closely linked to the habitats of the two known human loiasis ...
Clonorchiasis. Lancet, 387 (10020), pp. 800-810.. Saijuntha W., Sithithaworn P., Kaitsopit N., Andrews R.H., Petney T.N., 2014 ... Cases of clonorchiasis have been reported in non-endemic areas, including the United States, typically in Asian immigrants, or ... Clonorchis sinensis and clonorchiasis, and update. Parasitology International, 61(1), pp. 17-24. ...
Education and information about clonorchis for health professionals.
clonorchiasis synonyms, clonorchiasis pronunciation, clonorchiasis translation, English dictionary definition of clonorchiasis ... clonorchiasis. Translations. English: clo·nor·chi·a·sisn. clonorquiasis, infección parasitaria que afecta los conductos ... clonorchiasis. Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to clonorchiasis: schistosomiasis, opisthorchiasis ... Clonorchiasis - definition of clonorchiasis by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/clonorchiasis ...
Clonorchiasis is endemic in the Far East, especially in Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Southern China. Clonorchiasis has been ... so the disease by these three parasites should be referred as clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis sinensis is a trematode (fluke) ... Clonorchiasis is a known risk factor for the development of cholangiocarcinoma, a neoplasm of the biliary system. Symptoms of ... Clonorchiasis is an infectious disease caused by the Chinese liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis, and two related species. ...
Although cholecystitis caused by clonorchiasis is common, it is rarely reported as resulting from eosinophilic infiltration. We ... Clonorchiasis, a disease caused by infection with Clonorchis sinensis, is endemic in the Far East. Cholelithiasis, pyogenic ... report a rare case of clonorchiasis-associated perforated eosinophilic cholecystitis and review the relevant literature. ... Clonorchiasis: an update. J Helminthol 79 : 269-281.. * Cross JH, 1969. Clonorchiasis in Taiwan: a review. Proceedings of the ...
Clonorchiasis (also known as the Chinese liver fluke disease) is a disease caused by the Clonorchis sinensis, a parasitic worm ... Known risk factors and symptoms of clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis begins when snails eat embryonated C. sinensis eggs in ... Food items or nutrients that may prevent or relieve clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis can be easily prevented - making sure ... Treatment and management options for clonorchiasis. Currently, there is no effective treatment for clonorchiasis. However, the ...
Based on the clonorchiasis risk-related behavioral questions, infection rates were significantly higher (. ) among the ... H.-J. Rim, "Clonorchiasis: an update," Journal of Helminthology, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 269-281, 2005. View at Publisher · View at ... H. J. Rim, "Epidemiology and control of clonorchiasis in Korea," Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health ... The prevalence of clonorchiasis in Geum River basin, for example, was reported to be 9.3% in 2002 [17] and 7.6% in 2007 [11], ...
The diagnosis of clonorchiasis was established upon the finding of eggs of Clonorchis sinensis in stool specimens. ... Within the past ten months we have observed three additional cases of clonorchiasis in Caucasians living in Greater Boston. The ... reported clonorchiasis in four Caucasians living in New York City. It is highly probable that these are the first cases of this ... Clonorchiasis in Caucasians Living in Greater Boston * Author(s): Donald L. Augustine and Howard J. Isenberg ...
We compared the data and found that the prevalence of helminthiases decreased and the prevalence and intensity of clonorchiasis ... Clonorchiasis control/intervention measures are urgently needed in this area. ... where soil-transmitted helminthiases and foodborne clonorchiasis are endemic. ... A national clonorchiasis surveillance system should also be established to gather up-to-date information and inform public ...
We compared the data and found that the prevalence of helminthiases decreased and the prevalence and intensity of clonorchiasis ... Clonorchiasis control/intervention measures are urgently needed in this area. ... where soil-transmitted helminthiases and foodborne clonorchiasis are endemic. ... Clonorchiasis. 10.4. 28.5. 19.7. 20.8. 39.6. 30.5. 29.2. 62.9. 46.5. Soil-transmitted helminthiases**. 86.2. 86.3. 86.3. 29.5. ...
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis Sinensis Dispatch Epidemiology Foodborne Helminths Hookworms Increasing Prevalence And Intensity Of ... We compared the data and found that the prevalence of helminthiases decreased and the prevalence and intensity of clonorchiasis ... Increasing Prevalence and Intensity of Foodborne Clonorchiasis, Hengxian County, China, 1989-2011 ... where soil-transmitted helminthiases and foodborne clonorchiasis are endemic. ...
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a ... Clonorchiasis. infection of the biliary passages with clonorchis sinensis, also called opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to ... Detailed information through a personalized searchRanked list of diseases related to "Clonorchiasis"Drugs, active principles ... and "Clonorchiasis"Medicinal plantsQuestions and answers from other usersNewsVideos ...
Both ELISA and western blotting analysis showed recombinant Cs CB could react with human sera from clonorchiasis and other ... 1-7: clonorchiasis, fascioliasis, schistosomiasis, paragonimiasis, echinococciosis, cysticercosis and healthy serum, ... B from Clonorchis sinensis excretory/secretory products and assessment of its potential for serodiagnosis of clonorchiasis ...
Clonorchiasis - Chinese or Oriental Liver Fluke Disease (Trematode) Clonorchis sinensis Contents History of Discovery Life ... Total Digestive Health - Clonorchiasis Winona State University - Biology Department References: CRAIG AND FAUST, 1957. Clinical ... Clonorchiasis has been reported in non endemic areas (including the United States). In such cases, the infection is found in ... Figure 1: http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Clonorchiasis.htm Figure 2: http://www.utep.edu/biology/micro/qut/csinesec.jpg ...
To further demonstrate its threat on public health, especially in China, comparisons between clonorchiasis and hepatitis B are ... Recent publication of the global epidemiology of clonorchiasis and its relationship with cholangiocarcinoma in the journal of ... Comparisons between clonorchiasis and hepatitis B in China. Clonorchiasis ranks among the top neglected tropical diseases [2]. ... Qian MB, Zhou XN, Fang YY, Liang S, Chen YD: Strengthening the research on clonorchiasis in China. Chin J Parasitol Parasit Dis ...
Clonorchiasis. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Billable/Specific Code *B66.1 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to ...
feed-previews/clonorchiasis/1d61cfdd-5a70-4c9b-839a-b7ee13f25a73. ... Clonorchiasis is a food foodborne parasitic infection caused by the trematode Clonorchis sinensis and presents as liver disease ...
Clonorchiasis, or Chinese liver fluke disease, is caused by infection with Clonorchis sinensis. ... Clonorchiasis. Introduction. Clonorchiasis, or Chinese liver fluke disease, is caused by infection with Clonorchis sinensis. ... In humans, acute clonorchiasis may be asymptomatic or scarcely symptomatic in light infections, but if the number of worms is ... Clonorchiasis is a common infection of dogs and other fish-eating carnivores (reservoir final hosts) in China, the Democratic ...
One thought on "Clonorchiasis risk maps in China produced". * Pingback: Clonorchiasis risk maps in China produced , World Wide ... The causative agent of clonorchiasis is the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis. Manifestation of clonorchiasis ranges from ... The researchers obtained clonorchiasis survey data from 633 unique locations across China. They found that the prevalence of ... Clonorchiasis, a neglected tropical disease usually acquired by eating undercooked freshwater fish, affects an estimated 15 ...
Clonorchiasis is caused by trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese/ oriental liver fluke) .Infection of humans occurs by ... Clonorchiasis is caused by trematode Clonorchis sinensis (Chinese/ oriental liver fluke) .Infection of humans occurs by ... QIAN MB, CHEN YD, YAN F. Time to tackle clonorchiasis in China. Infect Dis Poverty [online] 2013 Feb 19, 2(1):4 [viewed 10 ... Clonorchiasis and cholangiocarcinoma: etiologic relationship and imaging diagnosis. Clin Microbiol Rev [online] 2004 Jul, 17(3 ...
CLONORCHIASIS-ASSOCIATED PERFORATED EOSINOPHILIC CHOLECYSTITIS CHUNG-HSU LAI, CHUEN CHIN, HSING-CHUN CHUNG, HSIEN LIU, JAU- ... Clonorchiasis, a disease caused by infection with Clonorchis sinensis, is endemic in the Far East. Cholelithiasis, pyogenic ... Although cholecystitis caused by clonorchiasis is common, it is rarely reported as resulting from eosinophilic infiltration. We ... report a rare case of clonorchiasis-associated perforated eosinophilic cholecystitis and review the relevant literature. ...
Laboratory Findings in Chronic Clonorchiasis * Edward K. Markell https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1966.15.510 ...
Lun ZR, Gasser RB, Lai DH, Li AX, Zhu XQ, Yu XB, Fang YY: Clonorchiasis: a key foodborne zoonosis in China. Lancet Infect Dis. ... Clonorchiasis is endemic in Asian countries and over 35 million people globally are infected C. sinensis, including an ... 80 sera from clonorchiasis patients were collected from endemic areas in Guangxi Province and were egg-positive proved by ... 20] reported that cathepsin F-like cysteine protease of C. sinensis is a good vaccine candidate against clonorchiasis. Li et al ...
These advances in research will aid the development of innovative strategies for the prevention and control of clonorchiasis. ... This article reviews the current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, disease burden and treatment of clonorchiasis as well as ... Newer data regarding the pathogenesis of clonorchiasis and the genome, transcriptome and secretome of C. sinensis are collected ... clonorchiasis is a serious public health problem in endemic areas. ...
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis; Clonorchis viverrini gall bladder ducts and inflammation of liver East Asia ingestion of ...
  • Cases of clonorchiasis have been reported in non-endemic areas, including the United States, typically in Asian immigrants, or following ingestion of infected undercooked/pickled freshwater fish imported from endemic areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Clonorchiasis has been reported in non endemic areas (including the United States). (wikipedia.org)
  • thus, clonorchiasis is a serious public health problem in endemic areas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This egg positive rate represented the status of clonorchiasis among the general population, but the rate is considerably higher in endemic areas. (parasitol.kr)
  • Food security problems caused by liver flukes have attracted high attention of public health, increasing the urgency of finding new approaches to prevent the spread of clonorchiasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To further demonstrate its threat on public health, especially in China, comparisons between clonorchiasis and hepatitis B are made in terms of epidemiology, clinical symptoms and carcinogenicity, disability, as well as changing trends. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In humans, acute clonorchiasis may be asymptomatic or scarcely symptomatic in light infections, but if the number of worms is significant (up to several thousands), fever and right upper-quadrant pain are not infrequent and may be associated with intermittent colic pain caused by the worms obstructing the gallbladder. (who.int)
  • The reasons for trying tartar emetic in clonorchiasis, the various methods of preparation of the drug, dosage, administration, the untoward effects, precautions to be observed and the results obtained by others in the treatment of schistosomiasis have been dealth with. (ajtmh.org)
  • Among individuals with clonorchiasis of moderate intensity, the incidence of IHDD was high in those with IFN-gamma intermediate-producing genotype, +874AT (80.0%, P = 0.177), and in those with TNF-alpha low-producing genotype, -308GG (63.0%, P = 0.148). (cdc.gov)
  • In the new work, Penelope Vounatsou, of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, and colleagues systematically reviewed existing literature on clonorchiasis in China to find all survey data on the disease collected between 2000 and 2016. (outbreaknewstoday.com)
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms of cytokine genes are associated with fibrosis of the intrahepatic bile duct wall in human clonorchiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • This study examined the association of cytokine gene polymorphisms with intrahepatic bile duct wall fibrosis in human clonorchiasis. (cdc.gov)
  • SNP of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha genes may contribute to the modulation of fibrosis in the intrahepatic bile duct wall in clonorchiasis patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Although cholecystitis caused by clonorchiasis is common, it is rarely reported as resulting from eosinophilic infiltration. (ajtmh.org)
  • Ameres JP, Levine MP, DeBlasi HP (1976) Acalculous clonorchiasis obstructing the common bile duct: a case report and review of the literature. (springer.com)
  • Both ELISA and western blotting analysis showed recombinant Cs CB could react with human sera from clonorchiasis and other helminthiases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although stool examination is the standard diagnostic method of clonorchiasis, serodiagnosis by ELISA using crude antigen is now widely used because of its convenience. (parasitol.kr)