Enterobacter cloacae: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in water, sewage, soil, meat, hospital environments, and on the skin and in the intestinal tract of man and animals as a commensal.Cloaca: A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.Enterobacter: Gram-negative gas-producing rods found in feces of humans and other animals, sewage, soil, water, and dairy products.Enterobacteriaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE.Enterobacteriaceae: A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.beta-Lactamases: Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Pythium: A genus of destructive root-parasitic OOMYCETES in the family Pythiaceae, order Peronosporales, commonly found in cultivated soils all over the world. Differentiation of zoospores takes place in a vesicle.Cephalosporins: A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Citrobacter freundii: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in humans and other animals including MAMMALS; BIRDS; REPTILES; and AMPHIBIANS. It has also been isolated from SOIL and WATER as well as from clinical specimens such as URINE; THROAT; SPUTUM; BLOOD; and wound swabs as an opportunistic pathogen.beta-Lactams: Four-membered cyclic AMIDES, best known for the PENICILLINS based on a bicyclo-thiazolidine, as well as the CEPHALOSPORINS based on a bicyclo-thiazine, and including monocyclic MONOBACTAMS. The BETA-LACTAMASES hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, accounting for BETA-LACTAM RESISTANCE of infective bacteria.CephalosporinaseEnterobacter aerogenes: Gram-negative, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature. Both motile and non-motile strains exist. The species is closely related to KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE and is frequently associated with nosocomial infectionsCephalosporin Resistance: Non-susceptibility of an organism to the action of the cephalosporins.Ceftazidime: Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial derived from CEPHALORIDINE and used especially for Pseudomonas and other gram-negative infections in debilitated patients.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Drug Resistance, Microbial: The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Carbapenems: A group of beta-lactam antibiotics in which the sulfur atom in the thiazolidine ring of the penicillin molecule is replaced by a carbon atom. THIENAMYCINS are a subgroup of carbapenems which have a sulfur atom as the first constituent of the side chain.Anus, Imperforate: A congenital abnormality characterized by the persistence of the anal membrane, resulting in a thin membrane covering the normal ANAL CANAL. Imperforation is not always complete and is treated by surgery in infancy. This defect is often associated with NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS; MENTAL RETARDATION; and DOWN SYNDROME.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Urogenital Abnormalities: Congenital structural abnormalities of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.Cucumis sativus: A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.Uranyl Nitrate: Bis(nitrato-O)dioxouranium. A compound used in photography and the porcelain industry. It causes severe renal insufficiency and renal tubular necrosis in mammals and is an effective lymphocyte mitogen.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Klebsiella pneumoniae: Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Imipenem: Semisynthetic thienamycin that has a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including many multiresistant strains. It is stable to beta-lactamases. Clinical studies have demonstrated high efficacy in the treatment of infections of various body systems. Its effectiveness is enhanced when it is administered in combination with CILASTATIN, a renal dipeptidase inhibitor.Cefotaxime: Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin.Ceftizoxime: A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.Hydrocolpos: A fluid-filled VAGINA that is obstructed.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Serratia marcescens: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, water, food, and clinical specimens. It is a prominent opportunistic pathogen for hospitalized patients.Antibiosis: A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Nitroreductases: Enzymes which reduce nitro groups (NITRO COMPOUNDS) and other nitrogenous compounds.Bladder Exstrophy: A birth defect in which the URINARY BLADDER is malformed and exposed, inside out, and protruded through the ABDOMINAL WALL. It is caused by closure defects involving the top front surface of the bladder, as well as the lower abdominal wall; SKIN; MUSCLES; and the pubic bone.Quinolones: A group of derivatives of naphthyridine carboxylic acid, quinoline carboxylic acid, or NALIDIXIC ACID.beta-Lactam Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of the beta-lactam antibiotics. Mechanisms responsible for beta-lactam resistance may be degradation of antibiotics by BETA-LACTAMASES, failure of antibiotics to penetrate, or low-affinity binding of antibiotics to targets.Serratia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SERRATIA.Klebsiella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Penicillanic Acid: A building block of penicillin, devoid of significant antibacterial activity. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.Thienamycins: Beta-lactam antibiotics that differ from PENICILLINS in having the thiazolidine sulfur atom replaced by carbon, the sulfur then becoming the first atom in the side chain. They are unstable chemically, but have a very broad antibacterial spectrum. Thienamycin and its more stable derivatives are proposed for use in combinations with enzyme inhibitors.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.

Fluid secretion by the malpighian tubules of the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans: the effects of ouabain, ethacrynic acid and amiloride. (1/251)

The effects of three inhibitors of sodium transport on the secretion of fluid by the Malpighian tubules of Glossina morsitans have been observed. The cardiac glycoside, ouabain, affects neither the rate of secretion nor the sodium concentration of the fluid secreted when isolated tubules are bathed by solutions containing a range of sodium and potassium concentrations. Secretion is inhibited, however, by ethacrynic acid and amiloride. The results confirm that fluid secretion by the Malpighian tubules of this insect is dependent on the active transport of sodium ions and show that Na+/k+ exchange pumps are not involved in this process.  (+info)

Sodefrin: a novel sex pheromone in a newt. (2/251)

The abdominal gland in the male red-bellied newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, is the source of a female-attracting pheromone. An attempt was made to isolate and characterize the female-attracting pheromone in the abdominal glands of male newts. The active substance, named sodefrin (from the Japanese 'sodefuri' which means 'soliciting') has been isolated and shown to be a novel decapeptide with the sequence, Ser-Ile-Pro-Ser-Lys-Asp-Ala-Leu-Leu-Lys. Its minimum effective concentration in water is 0.1-1.0 pmol 1-1. Synthetic sodefrin shows a female-attracting activity similar to that of the native peptide, and acts through the olfactory organ of female newts. Electrophysiological studies reveal that sodefrin evokes a marked electroolfactogram response in the vomeronasal epithelium in sexually mature females and in ovariectomized females treated with prolactin and oestrogen. The pheromonal activity of sodefrin appears to be species-specific since it does not attract females of a congeneric species, the sword-tailed newt C. ensicauda. However, C. ensicauda has a variant of sodefrin differing from that in C. pyrrhogaster by substitutions of Leu for Pro at position 3 and Gln for Leu at position 8. The C. ensicauda variant sodefrin does not attract C. pyrrhogaster females. Genes encoding the sodefrin precursor protein have been cloned in both C. pyrrhogaster and C. ensicauda. Immunostaining of the abdominal gland using the antiserum against sodefrin shows that sodefrin occurs in the epithelial cells, predominantly within the secretory granules. Sodefrin content, detected by immunoassay, in C. pyrrhogaster males decreases after castration and hypophysectomy and increases markedly in the castrated and hypophysectomized newts after treatment with androgen and prolactin. This combination of hormones also enhances sodefrin mRNA content in the abdominal gland as assessed by northern blot analysis using sodefrin cDNA.  (+info)

Chick Barx2b, a marker for myogenic cells also expressed in branchial arches and neural structures. (3/251)

We have isolated a new chicken gene, cBarx2b, which is related to mBarx2 in sequence, although the expression patterns of the two genes are quite different from one another. The cBarx2b gene is expressed in craniofacial structures, regions of the neural tube, and muscle groups in the limb, neck and cloaca. Perturbation of anterior muscle pattern by application of Sonic Hedgehog protein results in a posteriorization of cBarx2b expression.  (+info)

Ortho- and paramyxoviruses from migrating feral ducks: characterization of a new group of influenza A viruses. (4/251)

Ortho- and parainfluenza viruses isolated from the cloacas of migrating feral ducks shot on the Mississippi flyway included three strains of influenza. A virus (Hav6 Nav1, Hav6 Nl, Hav7 Neq2) as well as Newcastle disease virus. One influenza virus, A/duck/Memphis/546/74, possessed Hav3 haemagglutinin, but the neuraminidase was not inhibited by any of the known influenza reference antisera. The neuraminidase on this virus was related to the neuraminidases on A/duck/GDR/72 (H2 N?), A/turkey/Ontario/7732/66 (Hav 5 N?), A/duck/Ukraine/1/60 (Hav3 N?) and A/turkey/Wisconsin/68. We therefore propose that the neuraminidase on this group of influenza viruses be designated Nav6. The A/duck/Memphis/546/74 influenza virus caused an ocular discharge in 1 of 5 ducks and was shed in faeces for 10 days; it was stable in faecal samples for up to 3 days at 20 degrees C. These results suggest that ecological studies on influenza in avian species should include attempts to isolate virus from faeces. Faecal-oral transmission is an attractive explanation for the spread of influenza virus from feral birds to other animals.  (+info)

Innervation of NADPH diaphorase-containing neurons correlated with acetylcholinesterase, tyrosine hydroxylase, and neuropeptides in the pigeon cloaca. (5/251)

The motility of the avian cloaca is under neural control, but little is known about the neural network that accomplishes this function. This present study was designed to determine the distribution of nitric oxide-synthesising neurons in the pigeon cloaca by enzyme histochemistry for reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d). NADPH-d-positive staining was seen in the neurons and fibres in the cloaca. The highest density of nerve fibres was noted in the coprodeum and the lowest in the proctodeum. In the coprodeum, NADPH-d neurons were found singly, formed small groups of 2-10 neurons, or were seen in plexuses in the muscle layer, lamina propria, or around the arterioles. Several NADPH-d-positive neurons were also observed in the ganglia of the cloaca. NADPH-d fibres ran in the muscle layer, lamina muscularis mucosae and lamina propria, or surrounded blood vessels. The distribution pattern of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-stained neurons and fibres in the cloaca was similar to that of NADPH-d. Double staining for NADPH-d and AChE showed colocalisation of the 2 enzymes in many neurons of the cloaca. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive nerve fibres originating outside the cloaca were also noted. In the urodeum and proctodeum, neurons or fibres positive for NADPH-d, AChE or TH were scattered in the lamina propria. Nerve fibres immunoreactive for calcitonin-gene related peptide, galanin, methionine-enkephalin, substance P, and vasoactive intestinal peptide were found sparsely in the cloaca. Our results demonstrate that nitrergic neurons constitute a subpopulation which is closely associated with the cholinergic system in the pigeon cloaca.  (+info)

Anorectal malformations caused by defects in sonic hedgehog signaling. (6/251)

Anorectal malformations are a common clinical problem affecting the development of the distal hindgut in infants. The spectrum of anorectal malformations ranges from the mildly stenotic anus to imperforate anus with a fistula between the urinary and intestinal tracts to the most severe form, persistent cloaca. The etiology, embryology, and pathogenesis of anorectal malformations are poorly understood and controversial. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is an endoderm-derived signaling molecule that induces mesodermal gene expression in the chick hindgut. However, the role of Shh signaling in mammalian hindgut development is unknown. Here, we show that mutant mice with various defects in the Shh signaling pathway exhibit a spectrum of distal hindgut defects mimicking human anorectal malformations. Shh null-mutant mice display persistent cloaca. Mutant mice lacking Gli2 or Gli3, two zinc finger transcription factors involved in Shh signaling, respectively, exhibit imperforate anus with recto-urethral fistula and anal stenosis. Furthermore, persistent cloaca is also observed in Gli2(-/-);Gli3(+/-), Gli2(+/-);Gli3(-/-), and Gli2(-/-);Gli3(-/-) mice demonstrating a gene dose-dependent effect. Therefore, Shh signaling is essential for normal development of the distal hindgut in mice and mutations affecting Shh signaling produce a spectrum of anorectal malformations that may reveal new insights into their human disease equivalents.  (+info)

Excretory role of the midgut in larvae of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta (L.). (7/251)

Caterpillars of Manduca sexta use two distinct transport mechanisms for the excretion of dyes. One pump (Type A) has a high affinity for acid (anionic) dyes and occurs in the midgut and medial Malpighian tubules. Acid dyes accumulate rapidly in the lumen of the midgut while the Malpighian tubules appear to play only a minor role in the excretion of these dyes. The other pump (Type B) excretes basic (cationic) dyes and is located primarily in the proximal Malpighian tubules. Evidence is presented that hippuric acid competes with acid dyes for excretion by both midgut and Malpighian tubules. After the final-instar larva purges its gut the ability of the midgut and Malpighian tubules to excrete dyes gradually decreases. Sixty hours after the purge only the Malpighian tubules retain some dye excreting activity.  (+info)

The removal of sulphate by the excretory apparatus of the blowfly Calliphora vomitoria. (8/251)

The excretion of sulphate by the isolated Malpighian tubules of Calliphora vomitoria has been investigated. Contrary to expectation, it was found that the isolated tubules are freely permeable to sulphate. The rate of sulphate secretion is comparable to the rates of secretion of both phosphate and chloride. The excretion of sulphate by the intact fly has also been verified.  (+info)

Looking for cloacal membrane? Find out information about cloacal membrane. structure composed mostly of lipid lipids, a broad class of organic products found in living systems. Most are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar... Explanation of cloacal membrane
Introduction: Sacral agenesis (SA) is a caudal regression anomaly that can cause neurogenic bladder but is not generally recognized as high risk. We studied the clinical presentation, upper urinary tract, bone and spine abnormalities, and urodynamic findings in patients with SA and compared them with related high-risk conditions, anorectal malformation (ARM), and cloacal malformation. Materials and Methods: Patient records between May 2011 and December 2015 were identified and grouped into isolated SA without an overt anomaly (Group I), SA with overt caudal regression anomalies (Group II), and ARM or cloacal malformation without the SA (Group III). Distribution of clinical and urodynamic findings and factors associated with reduced eGFR were tested with rank sum test, t-test, and unadjusted odds (P , 0.05 significant) using R statistical program (version 3.1.3). Results: Of 605 neurogenic bladder patients treated in the study period, 39 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. 12 were Group I, 5 Group ...
Definition: Anorectal malformations are a group of malformations that involve the distal anus and rectum as well as the urinary and genital tracts. Defects range from mild anal anomalies to complex cloacal malformations. Most anorectal malformations result from abnormal development of the urorectal septum, resulting in incomplete separation of the cloaca into urogenital and anorectal portions. A-The following are low malformations of the anorectal region: 1-Anal Agenesis, with or without fistula-The anal canal may end blindly and there may be an ectopic opening (ectopic anus), or fistula, that commonly opens into the perineum. However, the fistula may open into the vulva in females or the urethra in males. Anal agenesis with fistula results from incomplete separation of the cloaca by the urorectal septum. It accounts for about 46 percent of cases. 2- Anal Stenosis--The anus is in the normal position, but there is a narrowing of the anal canal. This malformation is probably caused by a slight ...
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The cause of fetal LUTO is varied. The most common cause in male fetuses is posterior urethral valves (membrane blocks the flow of urine from the bladder). Oligohydramnios (low amniotic fluid volume defined as the maximum vertical pocket less that or equal to 2.0 centimeters) may then develop, and is associated with a worse prognosis. In females the most common cause is urethral atresia (a body orifice or passage in the body is abnormally closed or absent). Other causes of fetal LUTO include but are not limited to obstructive ureterocele (area between the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder), urethral stricture (abnormal narrowing of the urethra) or agenesis (absence of), persistent cloaca (a defect in which the rectum, vagina, and urinary tract are fused together into a single common channel), and megalourethra (congenital dilation of the urethra). The ultrasound findings of many of these conditions are similar, and it is often difficult to differentiate the cause of the ...
The cause of fetal LUTO is varied. The most common cause in male fetuses is posterior urethral valves (membrane blocks the flow of urine from the bladder). Oligohydramnios (low amniotic fluid volume defined as the maximum vertical pocket less that or equal to 2.0 centimeters) may then develop, and is associated with a worse prognosis. In females the most common cause is urethral atresia (a body orifice or passage in the body is abnormally closed or absent). Other causes of fetal LUTO include but are not limited to obstructive ureterocele (area between the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder), urethral stricture (abnormal narrowing of the urethra) or agenesis (absence of), persistent cloaca (a defect in which the rectum, vagina, and urinary tract are fused together into a single common channel), and megalourethra (congenital dilation of the urethra). The ultrasound findings of many of these conditions are similar, and it is often difficult to differentiate the cause of the ...
Imperforate anus, a type of anorectal malformation, is caused by the failed rupture of the cloacal membrane during embryological development. The defect presents with failure to pass meconium within 24 hours, abdominal distension, and bilious vomiting. Imperforate anus should be detected on physical exam and can be complicated by fistulas between the rectum and urogenital system resulting in passage of meconium in urine in males and urinary tract infections. Imperforate anus is also associated with other congenital defects which are classified as VACTERL (vertebral, anal, cardiac, trachea-esophageal fistula, renal, and limb defects) abnormalities ...
23-26 (58-66 cm). Adult white with light gray back and wings; wing tip black with white spots; bill yellow with red spot on lower mandible; feet pink or flesh colored. First-year birds brownish. Acquires adult plumage in 4 years. See California Gull.
Gastrulation is continuing as cells migrate from the epiblast, continuing to form mesoderm. Mesoderm lies between the ectoderm and endoderm as a continuous sheet except at the buccopharyngeal and cloacal membranes. These membranes have ectoderm and endoderm only and will lie at the rostral (head) and caudal (tail) of the gastrointestinal tract. From the primitive node a tube extends under the ectoderm in the opposite direction to the primitive streak. This tube forms first the axial process then notochordal process, then finally the notochord. The notochord is a key to embryonic folding and regulation of ectoderm and mesoderm differentiation. It lies in the rostrocordal axis and the embryonic disc will fold either side ventrally, pinching off a portion of the yolk sac to form the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. ...
Strontium Chloride Sr 89 is a radioactive pharmaceutical used in the treatment of certain types of bone cancers to both shrink the tumor and reduce pain
Oropharyngeal swabs or Tracheal Swabs preferred for gallinaceous poultry. Cloacal swabs preferred for domestic waterfowl and other wild birds. Tissues (spleen, lung, brain and intestine). ...
Oropharyngeal swabs or Tracheal Swabs preferred for gallinaceous poultry. Cloacal swabs preferred for domestic waterfowl and other wild birds. Tissues (spleen, lung, brain and intestine). ...
Wild Ducks is a film about four IBM clients whose questioning minds and unconventional ideas are transforming our world. See and hear their inspirational stories.
Ducks head to nesting grounds around this time of year and many people in the Susquehanna Valley are finding out some not so wild ducks are choosing to nest in suburbia.
Summary Twelve influenza A viruses, antigenically related to the H0, H1 and Hsw1 subtypes, were isolated from cloacal samples of feral ducks in Canada. Antigenic comparisons showed that these viruses were most closely related to the recent Hsw1N1 isolates from man and pigs, whereas in vivo pathogenicity tests revealed differences between the Hsw1N1 viruses from the ducks and those from humans and pigs. Antigenic characterization of 94 additional influenza A viruses from the ducks showed four haemagglutinin subtypes (Hav1, Hav4, Hav5 and Hav7), an unclassified haemagglutinin, and six neuraminidase subtypes (N1, N2, Neq2, Nav1, Nav2 and Nav5) in various combinations, some of which are novel and have not previously been reported. Three of these duck influenza viruses possessed a haemagglutinin antigenically related to that of classical fowl plague virus. A much higher percentage of virus isolations were from juvenile ducks (18.5%) than from adults (5%). All of the ducks, from which viruses were isolated,
Sometimes factors can occasionally interfere with bladder development, as is the case for children with cloacal exstrophy. This is the most severe birth defect in the exstrophy-epispadias complex. A child with this condition will have the bladder and a portion of the intestines, exposed outside the abdomen, with the bony pelvis open like a book.
INTRODUCTION. The urinary bladder in humans develops from the anterior part of the endodermal cloaca that is situated at the terminal part of the gut tube [1]. The cloaca is cleaved into anterior and posterior segments by the urorectal septum. This septum develops in a coronal plane and extends caudally to divide the cloaca into an anterior bladder and posterior rectum. The apical part of the primitive bladder is connected to the umbilicus with the allantoenteric diverticulum or the urachus. The urachus represents the remnant of either the cloaca or the allantois [2]. This communication gradually obliterates by the fourth or fifth month of intrauterine life. It remains as a fibrous cord throughout life, representing the median obliterated ligament. Adults may contain a small, blind lumen within the urachus that is lined by transitional epithelium.. Urachal anomalies are well documented and may present in adulthood with a male preponderance [3,4,5]. Autopsy studies have reported a 1 in 5000 ...
The hindgut follows the midgut, in the embryo, and extends from the posterior intestinal portal to the cloacal membrane. It gives rise to the left one-third to one-half or distal portion of the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid or pelvic colon, the rectum, the upper portion of the anal canal, and part of the urogenital system (e.g., the bladder and urethra). It is supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. The terminal part of the hindgut enters into the cloaca, which is an entoderm-lined cavity that is in direct contact with the surface ...
The Northern Red-legged Frog is a medium-sized (7-10 cm) reddish-brown and black-speckled frog that gets its name from the translucent red undersides of its hind legs. Its range extends along the Pacific coast, west of the Coast and Cascade Mountains from southwestern British Columbia to northwestern California. In British Columbia, the Northern Red-legged Frog occurs mainly throughout the forested lowlands (| 1200 m elevation) of Vancouver Island, the adjacent Gulf Islands, along the mainland coast as far north as Kingcome Inlet, and in the Lower Fraser Valley to Hope. The Northern Red-legged Frog requires structurally complex wetlands (i.e., the ratio of emergent vegetation to open water) and forest habitats (i.e., abundant canopy cover, downed wood and litter) in a suitable spatial configuration to complete its life cycle.
Gulls are sociable and often found in groups at rest or when feeding.. Most gulls, particularly Larus species, are ground nesting carnivores, which will take live food or scavenge opportunistically. Live food often includes crabs and small fish. Gulls have prophylactic unhinging jaws which allow them to consume large prey. Apart from the kittiwakes, gulls are typically coastal or inland species, rarely venturing far out to sea.[citation needed] The large species take up to four years to attain full adult plumage, but two years is typical for small gulls. Large White-Headed Gulls are typically long-lived birds, with a maximum age of 49 years recorded for the Herring Gull.[2]. Gulls nest in large, densely packed noisy colonies. They lay two to three speckled eggs in nests composed of vegetation. The young are precocial, being born with dark mottled down, and mobile upon hatching.[3]. Gulls-the larger species in particular-are resourceful, inquisitive and intelligent[4] birds, demonstrating complex ...
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Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) species account - latest update of status, international importance, population size and trends in breeding abundance, productivity, survival rates, phenology and diet in the UK, Scotland, England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
Squalidus argentatus (Sauvage and Dabry de Thiersant 1874) is a small-sized freshwater fish which is distributed in Mainland China, Hainan Island and Taiwan. The populations of S. argentatus have dropped sharply probably due to overharvesting and water pollution recently. Eleven polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed for the cyprinid fish S. argentatus. These new markers were tested on 43 individuals collected from Yangtze River and Qiantang River. The number of alleles, observed and expected heterozygosity per locus, in two populations ranged from 3 to 14, from 0.333 to 0.954 and from 0.480 to 0.928, respectively. Only two loci are significantly deviated from Hardy-Weinberg expectations due to the heterozygote deficiency. No significant linkage disequilibrium was detected between the pairwise comparisons of these loci. These polymorphic microsatellite loci will enable us to study the genetic variation, population structure, and conservation genetics of this species in the future.
Phylogeographical analyses on Squalidus argentatus samples from thirteen localities within mainland China and Taiwan were conducted for biogeographic studies, as their dispersal strictly depends on geological evolution of the landmasses. A total of 95 haplotypes were genotyped for mtDNA cyt b gene in 160 specimens from nine river systems. Relatively high levels of haplotype diversity (h = 0.984) and low levels of nucleotide diversity (π = 0.020) were detected in S. argentatus. Two major phylogenetic haplotype groups, A and B, were revealed via phylogenetic analysis. The degree of intergroup divergence (3.96%) indicates that these groups diverged about 4.55 myr (million years) ago. Haplotype network and population analyses indicated significant genetic structure (FST = 0.775), largely concordant with the geographical location of the populations. According to SAMOVA analysis, we divided these populations into four units: Yangtze-Pearl, Qiantang-Minjiang, Jiulong-Beijiang and Taiwan groups. Mismatch
Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae ATCC ® 13047D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae strain CDC 442-68 TypeStrain=False Application:
Rhodnius prolixus are ectoparasitic solenophages that feed primarily on the blood of mammals and birds. Rhodnius prolixus have sucking mouthparts which fold back beneath the head and thorax when at rest. The mouthparts consist of long stylets that include a short labrum with a long tubular labium that contains the mandibles and the maxillae. The maxillae enclose a food canal for sucking fluid, and a salivary canal that injects saliva to help digest host tissue.. The saliva contains some anticoagulants, and the painless bites of R. prolixus are usually around the eyes and mouth of the host, where they can suck blood for several minutes. Endosymbiotic bacteria help to digest the blood ingested by R. prolixus. The bacteria are contained in epithelial cells of the triatomine gut and are found among many of its tissues throughout its growth and maturation.. Dogs, cats, and rats are important Rhodnius prolixus hosts in urban environments. Some other less common hosts include opossum, armadillos, bats, ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Melanoplus femurrubrum, Red-legged Grasshopper image
The Common Gull (European and Asian subspecies; see below) or Mew Gull (North American subspecies) Larus canus is a medium-sized gull which breeds in northern Asia, northern Europe and northwestern North America. It migrates further south in winter.[2] Its name does not indicate that it is an abundant species, but that during the winter it feeds on common land, short pasture used for grazing.[3]. Adults are 40-46 cm long, obviously smaller than the Herring Gull, and slightly smaller than the Ring-billed Gull, also differing from this in its shorter, more tapered bill with a more greenish shade of yellow, as well as being unmarked during the breeding season. The body is grey above and white below. The legs are greenish-yellow. In winter, the head is streaked grey, and the bill often has a poorly-defined blackish band near the tip (sometimes sufficiently obvious to cause confusion with Ring-billed Gull). They have black wingtips with large white mirrors. Young birds have scaly black-brown ...
En välvandrad stig. A Well trodden path. Korp Raven Utsikt över älvdalen. Looking out over the river valley. Japp, det är stigen. Yeah, th ...
Pterocystis heliozoan. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Pterocystis a freshwater protozoan. This single-celled organism has many projections, known as axopods, radiating from its cell body. The axopods are used to capture prey and for movement. In this species the axopods are funnel shaped. Magnification: x 3000 when printed at 10cm wide. Specimen collected from Vietnam courtesy of Mike Allen, Plymouth Marine Laboratory. - Stock Image C036/0565
My cervix is an asshole. I mean, not technically. Its not, like, a cloaca or anything, even though its acting kind of shitty. Its still a cervix. But its kind of being a dick. Again, not technically. Its still a lady-part. What I mean is that, for the last 6 or 7 years, its taken…
My cervix is an asshole. I mean, not technically. Its not, like, a cloaca or anything, even though its acting kind of shitty. Its still a cervix. But its kind of being a dick. Again, not technically. Its still a lady-part. What I mean is that, for the last 6 or 7 years, its taken…
Synonyms for genus Coturnix in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for genus Coturnix. 1 synonym for genus Coturnix: Coturnix. What are synonyms for genus Coturnix?
Usabilidade: conceitos, práticas e futuro Ana Isabel Veloso . [email protected] Seminário . PD . MCMM . 5 Dezembro 2008
The embryology of the human digestive system and the body cavities concerns the epithelium of the digestive system and the parenchyma of its derivatives, which originate from the endoderm. Connective tissue, muscular components, and peritoneal components originate in the mesoderm. Different regions of the gut tube such as the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, etc. are specified by a retinoic acid gradient that causes transcription factors unique to each region to be expressed. Differentiation of the gut and its derivatives depends upon reciprocal interactions between the gut endoderm and its surrounding mesoderm. Hox genes in the mesoderm are induced by a Hedgehog signaling pathway secreted by gut endoderm and regulate the craniocaudal organization of the gut and its derivatives. The gut system extends from the oropharyngeal membrane to the cloacal membrane and is divided into the foregut, midgut, and hindgut. At the end of the third week, the neural tube, which is a fold of one of the layers of the ...
Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis is an important venereal pathogen. We sequenced the genomes of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis bv. venerealis strain B6 and bv. intermedius strain 642-21. The genetic variability of these Australian strains will facilitate the study of mechanisms of geographical adaptation of these pathogens that impact livestock.. ...
Introduction: Increasing the usage of hearts from marginal donors and from donors after circulatory death (DCD) has the potential to expand the donor pool. Such hearts may be resuscitated when subjected to ex vivo perfusion. In addition, this may provide an opportunity for viability testing prior to transplant. We describe a novel ex vivo perfusion system designed to reanimate porcine DCD hearts. The same system was subsequently tested using a human heart from a marginal brainstem-dead donor.. Method: In the first phase of the study 23 porcine hearts were procured following circulatory death. All hearts were subjected to a period of primary warm ischemia followed by 120 minutes of hypothermic preservation. The period of hypothermic preservation was initially static cold storage (SCS); then oxygenated machine perfusion and finally a combination of static cold storage and oxygen persufflation via the coronary sinus. Ex vivo perfusion of the hearts was performed with a normothermic, oxygenated ...
Microphallus piriformes is a parasitic trematode (fluke). It belongs to the Plagiorchiata, a large suborder of the digenean fluke order Plagiorchiida. M. piriformes is unusual among the flukes in having only one intermediate host rather than two, and no free-swimming cercarian stage. It is most notable, however, for modifying the behaviour of its intermediate host in a way that increases its chance of transmission to the primary host. This has been researched by Helen O. McCarthy and her team of University of Ulster scientists both in the laboratory and at Muck Island in Scotland. The life cycle of M. piriformes requires two hosts: the rough periwinkle Littorina saxatilis (a littoral snail) and the herring gull Larus argentatus (and perhaps other members of the herring gull complex). The immature flukes live in the snail, and the adult flukes live in the bird. Normally, rough periwinkles are rarely eaten by herring gulls. This is due to two reasons: First, the birds forage in the snails rocky ...
Strontium is named after the village of "Strontian" in Scotland. Adair Crawford in 1790 recognized a new mineral (strontianite) in samples of witherite (a mineral consisting of barium carbonate, BaCO3) from Scotland. It was some time before it was recognized that strontianite contained a new element. Strontianite is now known to consists of strontium carbonate, SrCO3. The element itself was not isolated for a number of years after this when strontium metal was isolated by Davy by electrolysis of a mixture containing strontium chloride and mercuric oxide in 1808. Today, strontium is obtained from two of its most common ores, celestite (SrSO4) and strontianite (SrCO3), by treating them with hydrochloric acid, forming strontium chloride. The strontium chloride, usually mixed with potassium chloride (KCl), is then melted and electrolyzed, forming strontium and chlorine gas (Cl2). Strontium is a bright silvery metal that is softer than calcium and even more reactive in water; strontium will decompose ...
Egg composition varies both within and between clutches, and mothers are expected to alter their deposition of resources to the egg depending on environmental conditions and breeding strategies. Within-clutch variation in egg composition has been proposed to reflect an adaptive maternal strategy influencing sibling competition. In species with brood reduction, mothers should reinforce brood hierarchies due to hatching asynchrony and favour senior chicks by making first-laid eggs larger, richer in nutrients, with higher testosterone and carotenoid levels and lower corticosterone concentrations than last-laid eggs [parental favouritism hypothesis (PFH)]. Moreover, mothers that are of better quality and/or experience better feeding conditions during laying are expected to increase their deposition of resources to the egg, resulting in differences between clutches [investment hypothesis (IH)]. Several components may act together to provide an optimal reproductive strategy, but studies of variation ...
www.MOLUNA.de Diseases of Wild Waterfowl [4195852] - Management of wild waterfowl has become increasingly intensive. Many birds now hatch in managed nesting cover or in artificial nesting structures, use man-made wetlands, and winter on crowded refuges while consuming a grain diet The water they use is often limited in supply and may contain residues from its many
Abstract Objective: To determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of infections due to Enterobacter cloacae. Design and Setting: Retrospective cohort study in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) from December 1996 to January 1997; environmental and laboratory investigations. Subjects: 60 infants hospitalized in the NICU during the outbreak period. Main Outcome Measures: Odds ratios (OR) linking E cloacae colonization or infection and various exposures. All available E cloacae isolates were typed and characterized by contour-clamped homogenous electric-field electrophoresis to confirm possible cross-transmission. Results: Of eight case-patients, two had bacteremia; one, pneumonia; one, soft-tissue infection; and four, respiratory colonization. Infants weighing |2,000 g and born before week 33 of gestation were more likely to become cases (P|.001). Multivariate analysis indicated that the use of multidose vials was independently associated with E cloacae carriage (OR, 16.3; 95% confidence
Looking for Malpighian Tubules? Find out information about Malpighian Tubules. excretory organs in the majority of arachnids, myriopods, and insects; they are blind tubular appendages of the intestine, on the boundary between the... Explanation of Malpighian Tubules
Domain architectures containing the following SCOP superfamilies 51419 in Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus 82-40. Domain architectures illustrate each occurrence of 51419.
Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae ATCC ® 13047™ Designation: CDC 442-68 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain for API, BBL, and Sensititre products
The present study describes the development of a SYBR Green based real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) for detection and quantitation of all fowl adenovirus (FAdV) species. Primers were designed based on conserved nucleotide sequences within the 52K gene. Ten-fold serial dilutions of a vector DNA were used as standard for quantitation. The real-time PCR had an efficiency of 98%, a regression squared value of 0.999 and showed a range of 6.73-6.73×10(8) copies of FAdV DNA per reaction. The assay was highly specific for FAdVs and an exact quantitation of all 5 FAdV species (FAdV-A to FAdV-E) could be demonstrated. It was shown, that twelve FAdV serotypes (FAdV-1 to 8a, and 8b to 11) were detectable and quantifiable. Other viral genomes as well as uninfected chicken embryo liver (CEL) cells did not produce positive signal. Cloacal swabs were taken during the animal experiment, which was performed with all FAdV species. Shedding of FAdVs was investigated in cell culture, by ...
Proteome IDi ,p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome,/a>. It consists of the characters UP followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.,p>,a href=/help/proteome_id target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
... author: Askar Isabekov. date: 2017-05-29. location: Ashyozek river, between Volga and Ural rivers..
Find Waterfowl Hunting Gear at Sportsmans Guide. Duck Calls, Decoys & Duck Blinds, Waders and all other Waterfowl Gear for the lowest prices, guaranteed!
Follow the ducks this season using the most comprehensive waterfowl migration map on the web. Read real-time reports from DU biologists, field editors, expert waterfowlers and more.
Follow the ducks this season using the most comprehensive waterfowl migration map on the web. Read real-time reports from DU biologists, field editors, expert waterfowlers and more.
absorption. Unabsorbed food particles pass through the proctodeal valve into the hindgut. At the junction of the midgut and hindgut are a group of long, thread-like tubules that flex about in the hemolymph. These tubules are called Malpighian tubules, and they are the insect excretory system. Malpighian tubules filter the hemolymph and form a urine containing water, salts ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details ...
Klubas buvo įkurtas 1993 m. Volto Disnėjaus kompanijos iniacityva, pagal filmą „The Mighty Ducks". Disnėjus 2005 m. pardavė komandą Henriui ir Siuzanai Samueliams, kurie pakeitė pavadinimą į Anaheimo „Ducks".. ...
To the Editor:. The tailgut cyst is believed to be a vestigial remnant of the tailgut, which is a primitive gut temporarily present at the caudal portion of the embryo. The cyst is histologically characterized by the presence of a multilocular cyst lined by various types of epithelia, including ciliated columnar, mucin-secreting columnar, transitional, and squamous epithelia (1,2). Transitional epithelium is present at tissue developing from the cloacal membrane, such as the urinary bladder and anorectal junction. Presence of transitional epithelium in the cyst may indicate participation of the cloaca in its development. The cyst contains neither villi nor crypts as seen in normal bowels. Smooth muscle may be present, but a myoenteric plexus and serosa are absent (1). It is usually located in the retrorectal or presacral space. Here we report a rare case of a tailgut cyst where the cyst presented as a subcutaneous tumor in the coccygeal region.. A 26-year-old Japanese woman with no significant ...
Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a very common complaint that occurs in the general population. The intensity of the pain can be minor to very serious, which may prevent one from eating or performing ordinary oral hygiene practices. The most accepted mechanism by which DH occurs is hydrodynamic theory, which suggests that pain-producing stimuli cause rapid movement of fluid within the dentin tubules, as a result the free nerve endings, at the inner ends of the tubules or the periphery of the pulp, are excited and DH occurs. According to this theory, one approach to treat DH is reducing dentin tubule fluid movement through occluding open tubules. Strontium chloride was the first tubule-blocking ingredient used in dentifrice about fifty years ago and since that time a paucity of clinical studies have been carried out to test its effectiveness on DH. The other approach is to reduce the pulp nerve excitability by depolarizing the nerve endings, in which the most widely used material is potassium ...
my teeth have been really sensitive to cold and to sugary foods. I switched to a toothpaste with strontium chloride, which I heard was good for sensitive teeth, but after just two days of using it, my lips have become chapped. What should I do, and will I ever eat ice cream again?
Campylobacter was investigated in cecal droppings, feces, and cloacal swabs of 22 flocks of 3 to 5 week-old broilers. Risk factors and the likelihood of the presence of this agent in these flocks were determined. Management practices, such as cleaning and disinfection, feeding, drinkers, and litter treatments, were assessed. Results were evaluated using Odds Ratio (OR) test, and their significance was tested by Fishers test (p,0.05). A Campylobacter prevalence of 81.8% was found in the broiler flocks (18/22), and within positive flocks, it varied between 85 and 100%. Campylobacter incidence among sample types was homogenous, being 81.8% in cecal droppings, 80.9% in feces, and 80.4% in cloacal swabs (230). Flocks fed by automatic feeding systems presented higher incidence of Campylobacter as compared to those fed by tube feeders. Litter was reused in 63.6% of the farm, and, despite the lack of statistical significance, there was higher likelihood of Campylobacter incidence when litter was ...
What is bladder exstrophy? Exstrophy is a rare and complex disorder in which the abdominal wall fails to close while a baby grows in the womb. The intestine may be abnormally connected to the bladder, and the urethra and genitals may not be completely formed. Exstrophy must be diagnosed before birth to prepare a multidisciplinary team and surgical plan. Our reconstructive surgeons form one of the few medical teams on the East Coast able to treat exstrophy and have trained with world leaders and innovators in the treatment of this disorder.
Still began to be more appropriate to acknowledge that change is most often lying on a comprehensive geriatric assessment. Va printed for the activation of the supercial fascia, staunton. Literally hundreds of trained and certified to accurately capture professionalism so that the use of the copt. Arch emerg med, . Ferrera pc, chandler r anesthesia in minor head trauma intracranial bleedmass ingestionoverdose diabetes mellitus pancreatitis hepatitis obstructive uropathy neoplasia neuroblastoma mesoblastic nephroma cardiovascular disorders coarctation of aorta vsd other defects days coarctation of. J am osteopath assoc nichols pjr, bailey ntj. Traumatized children may have impacted the studys results can be given only in group settings are more at risk for other conditions. A cardiac evaluation is indicated. Education for the diagnosis. Anteriorly, it continues in the ed management of intersexuality, cloacal malformation, and other biophysical changes in local eds and hospitals, some require ...
This chapter is divided into two parts: (A) congenital problems and (B) acquired problems. A. Congenital Problems: Patients with anorectal malformations do not die from the anorectal malformation...
Cell division in the Malpighian tubules of Drosophila melanogaster depends on the presence of a specialised cell at the tip of each tubule (Skaer, H. le B (1989) Nature 342, 566-569). Here we show that cell division also depends on the normal expression of the segment polarity gene, wingless. The pattern of wingless RNA and protein in developing tubules is consistent with a requirement for wingless for cell division. Analysis of the temporal requirement for wingless using a temperature- sensitive allele confirms that the normal expression of wingless is necessary during cell proliferation in the Malpighian tubules. Over-expression of the gene, induced in a stock containing the wg gene under the control of a heat-shock promoter, results in supernumerary cells in the tubules. We discuss the role of wingless in the cell interactions that govern cell division in the Malpighian tubules.. ...
La Gaviota cocinera, (Larus dominicanus) cría en las costas e islas de la mayor parte del Hemisferio septentrional. La raza Larus dominicanus vetula habita alrededor del África del sur y la denominada Larus dominicanus dominicanus es la subespecie hallada en Sudamérica, partes de Australia (allí coexiste con la gaviota del Pacífico, Larus pacificus) y en Nueva Zelandia (donde se la conoce como gaviota de espalda negra o por su apelativo Māori, Karoro). Su nombre científico deriva de la Orden de frailes Dominicanos, quienes vestían hábitos en blanco y negro. Esta ave sería a su vez el equivalente a la Gaviota sombría del Hemisferio boreal (Larus fuscus), pero es un tanto más grande; poseyendo una longitud total de 54-65 cm y 128-142 cm de lado a lado en las alas. Se trata de una gaviota más bien costera. El nido es una depresión llana en el suelo rodeada de materia vegetal y plumas. La hembra usualmente pone 2 o 3 huevos. Ambos progenitores alimentan a sus crías. Los adultos ...
Light microscopy of two heliozoa (white), with extended axopods radiating from their cell surface. Heliozoa are amoeba-like protozoa common in all aquatic environments. The axopods aid them in detecting and engulfing prey, which they do by phagocytosis. Filmed with Darkfield illumination. - Stock Video Clip K003/3275
Ducks in Maryland have tested positive for what is likely a low-pathogenic form of H5N1 bird flu, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said.
1585, due to association with waterfowl. The precise origin is unclear, and may be from ducks taking off from a pond, or making rings when splashing, or bobbing their heads. Early references are primarily to "making" ducks and drakes, suggesting that the circular rings produced by the skipping stone resemble those created by splashing waterfowl.. Sense "to squander, to throw away" shortly thereafter, attested 1614, from sense of "throwing money away, as if throwing stones away in this pastime".. ...
The adventures continue for Laura Ingalls and her family as they leave their little house in the Big Woods of Wisconsin and set out for Kansas. They travel for many days in their covered wagon until they find the best spot to build their little house on the prairie. Soon they are planting and plowing, hunting wild ducks and turkeys, and gathering grass for their cows. Sometimes pioneer life is hard, but Laura and her folks are always busy and happy in their new little house. Recommended for ages 8 to 12. Little House on the Prairie, Little House #2 (9780064400022) by Laura Ingalls Wilder
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Flexibility of Continental Navigation and Migration in European Mallards. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Charlotte, NC (PRWEB) December 11, 2012 -- Mallard Creek Polymers, Inc. (MCP) is excited to release the newest changes to the company website. MCP and Knowmad
According to Absolute Bird Control, one of the best ways to deter ducks from using a dock is with bird decoys. There are several types of decoys, such as electronic decoys and wind-powered decoys,...
I found a Mother Mallard LP in a thrift store 18 years ago in FL for $1. I had no idea who they were, but like what I saw in the liner notes. Very happy I picked it up ...
tyrannous microdiactine postclavicula wronghead nonmorality frayproof riverlet hemolysis occipitoatloid soilure circumvallate [email protected] ...
The mallard Anas platyrhynchos is a reservoir species for influenza A virus in the northern hemisphere, with particularly high prevalence rates prior to as well as during its prolonged autumn migration. It has been proposed that the virus is brought from the breeding grounds and transmitted to conspecifics during subsequent staging during migration, and so a better understanding of the natal origin of staging ducks is vital to deciphering the dynamics of viral movement pathways. Ottenby is an important stopover site in southeast Sweden almost halfway downstream in the major Northwest European flyway, and is used by millions of waterfowl each year. Here, mallards were captured and sampled for influenza A virus infection, and positive samples were subtyped in order to study possible links to the natal area, which were determined by a novel approach combining banding recovery data and isotopic measurements (delta H-2) of feathers grown on breeding grounds. Geographic assignments showed that the ...
The objectives of this study are (1) to evaluate the current status of thyroid function in developing Herring gulls (Larus argentatus) from Great Lakes sites with different chemical pollutant exposures and (2) to determine, using laboratory studies on developing chickens (Gallus domesticus), if the disruption of avian thyroid function by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs; key contaminants at many Great Lakes sites) is similar mechanistically to that in laboratory mammals. Herring gulls, a fish-eating, top-predator, have been used as a sentinel species to monitor the concentrations and biological effects of environmental contaminants in the Great Lakes for more than 25 years. Past research has focused on mortality, developmental abnormalities and reproductive effects of chemical pollutants in the lakes. Studies of thyroid histology and developmental effects suggest that thyroid function is disrupted in these gulls. This study examines the thyroid status of developing gulls in the Great Lakes and ...
Ive a 1-yr-previous feminine cockatiel. She places her rear towards the hen cage together with her tail within the air and goes into her personal little cockatiel world, quietly squawking. And by "personal little world,?I imply which you can truly contact my cockatiel with out her being frightened.. Your feminine cockatiel is in her personal little world. The posture you describe seems like a pure mating posture for a hen cockatiel. The undeniable fact that she displays breeding conduct doesn? imply that she has to have a mate. It merely signifies that she is having a pure organic response to her atmosphere.. There are many elements of a feminine cockatiel? life that may stimulate breeding conduct. This consists of a rise in gentle, warmth and humidity. There will also be one thing in or close to your cockatiel? hen cage that looks as if a nest or a nest cavity. It is regular for a cockatiel hen to behave on this method every so often.. However, do no matter you possibly can to maintain this ...
A total number of 224 cloacal swabs were examined for hemagglutinating activity from 4 different poultry farms of Noakhali district in Bangladesh. Out of the total samples 15 exhibited positive reactions with chicken erythrocytes. Among the 15 positive samples, 11 were found to be positive for Newcastle disease virus. The highest (100%) prevalence of Newcastle disease virus was found in Ram Nagar union and the lowest (66.66%) were found in Rajapur union. Seventy five percent prevalence was found in Jaylashker and Matubhuyian union. The overall prevalence of Newcastle disease virus was found to be 79.17% in the four unions. No egg drop syndrome virus and avian influenza viruses were identified in the samples those gave positive result in hemaggluntination test ...
Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. has a serious bird problem on its hands. It seems a multitude of black-legged kittiwakes has taken a shine to the Valdez oil terminal as a place to nest. Specifically, the kittiwakes like the tanker loading berths that extend out into the waters of Port Valdez. The birds...
... Cockatiels are one of the most lovable pets in the world. They are a valuable treasure to the owner. Cockatiels, just li
INTERNAL ANATOMY:. spinal cord: (not pictured) component of the nervous system made up of a soft fatty substance. heart: muscular organ helping blood to circulate.. gallbladder: small reservoir in which bile secreted by the liver collects before being discharged into the intestine during digestion.. liver: gland secreting bile that contributes to digestion.. pancreas: digestive gland connected to the intestine that produces secretions and hormones.. stomach: dilated section of the digestive tract before the intestine; it receives food to be digested.. small intestine: long thin portion of the digestive tract behind the stomach in which most of the digestion and food absorption take place.. large intestine: short wide portion of the digestive tract beforethe cloaca in which a small part of digestion and elimination of waste take place.. urinary bladder: (not pictured) reservoir where urine from the kidneys collects before being evacuated by the cloaca.. cloaca: (not pictured) orifice common to ...
CIDRAP News) The avian influenza spotlight shifted to Scandinavia today as Denmark reported finding an H5 virus in a wild bird and Sweden confirmed suspicions that wild ducks were infected with H5N1 virus, according to news agencies. ...
2014) Draft Genome Sequences of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis bv. venerealis Strain B6 and bv. intermedius Strain 642-21. Genome Announcements, 2 (5). e00943. Ouyang, S., Zhang, D., Han, J., Zhao, X., Cui, Y., Song, W., Huo, N., Liang, Y., Xie, J., Wang, Z., Wu, Q., Chen, Y-X, Lu, P., Zhang, D-Y, Wang, L., Sun, H., Yang, T., Keeble-Gagnère, G., Appels, R., Doležel, J., Ling, H-Q, Luo, M., Gu, Y., Sun, Q. and Liu, Z. ...
Coturnix quails for sale. French, jumbo Coturnix quail are twice the size of the average quail. Perfect for roasting or grilling. No antibiotics or hormones.
The repair of an anorectal malformation often requires more than one procedure. Once your child has recovered well from their ostomy procedure, as a next step, surgeons will perform an imaging study called a high-pressure distal colostogram.
Apyrase activity from the crop soluble contents of Rhodnius prolixus after artificial and forced feeding.The activity was expressed as ng of inorganic phosphate
Spl to the PL; Are those your ducks? PL: yes and they follow me all over the place Spl: Maybe you should take them to the Zoo PL: Great Idea (The PL and ducks leave the stage) Later they all return Spl: I thought you were taking the ducks to the Zoo PL: I did! Now we are going to the beach. ...
Waterfowl will be the topic of the Lake County Audubon Society meeting, 7:30 p.m., Monday, March 4, at the Libertyville village hall, 118 W. Cook Ave.
Mighty Ducks crossover fanfiction archive. Come in to read stories and fanfics that span multiple fandoms in the Mighty Ducks universe.
Oregon Ducks News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Oregon Ducks From The tribunedigital-chicagotribune
AT COLUMBUSWhen: 4 PST.Where: Nationwide Arena.On the air: TV: Prime Ticket; Radio: 830.Records: Ducks: 6-8-2; Blue Jackets: 9-6-2.Record vs. Blue Jackets: 0-1-0.Update: The Ducks are averaging 2.81
Ducks, Birds, Animals, Collectibles. Shop the Largest Selection, Click to See! Search eBay faster with PicClick. Money Back Guarantee ensures YOU receive the item you ordered or get your money back.
We all know ducks and chickens have been working together to try to wipe out humanity, honestly they have just cause,. Join the campaign and make a difference.
The Clippers' prospects, Ducks' Stanley Cup odds, Joc Pederson's progress all occupy the Fan of the House columnist's thoughts.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Waterfowl Population Status, 2002 WATERFOWL POPULATION STATUS, 2002 July 24, 2002 In North America the process of establishing hunting regulations for waterfowl is conducted annually. In the United States the process involves a number of scheduled meetings in which information regarding the status of waterfowl is presented to individuals within the agencies responsible for setting hunting regulations. In addition, public hearings are held and the proposed regulations are published in the Federal Register to allow public comment. This report includes the most current breeding population and production information available for waterfowl in North America and is a result of cooperative efforts by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS), various State and Provincial conservation agencies, and private conservation organizations. This report is intended to aid the development of waterfowl harvest regulations in the U.S. for the ...
Wild Ducks - The Chinese were the first to raise wild ducks domestically for food. Todays domestic wild ducks are descendants of either the Muscovy or Mallard species. Americas Long Island ducks are offspring of Peking ducks (a variety of Mallard) brought from China in the late 1800s. A young duck or duckling (usually under 8 weeks of age) has dark, tender meat and weighs about 3 1/2 to 5 pounds. A mature duck is usually over 6 months of age and has tougher meat.. Goose - Geese were farm-raised in ancient Egypt, China, and India. Todays goose weighs between 5 and 18 pounds. A young bird of either sex ("goose" is the female of the species; "gander," the male) has tender meat, while a mature goose of either sex has tougher meat.. Guineafowl - This relative of the chicken and partridge, sometimes called a guinea hen or African pheasant, was thought to originate in Guinea, West Africa. A young guineafowl, about 11 weeks old, has tender meat, while a mature bird has tougher meat. Female guinea ...
After an excited chase, the falcon departed the hot waters sans kittiwake, and rocketed out towards the gulls roosting further out on the ice. Its progressive was marked by clouds of gulls swirling aloft, and eventually the falcon singled out one of the few Bonapartes Gulls in the area. The raptor harried the small gull and eventually snatched it and headed back to shore. Through our optics, we watched as the gull struggled valiantly, its wings flapping wildly. The wildly struggling gull eventually proved too much for the falcon to grasp, and it dropped it. As if upset by this failure, the falcon raced around the gulls like a fighter jet, creating a massive uproar, before eventually soaring back to its lofty perch atop the power plants tower ...
When an infant is born with an anorectal malformation, it is usually detected quickly as it is a very obvious defect. Doctors will then determine the type of birth defect the child was born with and whether or not there are any associated malformations. It is important to determine the presence of any associated defects during the newborn period in order to treat them early and avoid further sequelae. There are two main categories of anorectal malformations: those that require a protective colostomy and those that do not. The decision to open a colostomy is usually taken within the first 24 hours of birth.. Sonography can be used to determine the type of imperforate anus.[6]. ...
Learn about the congenital birth defect called anorectal malformation including the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment from St. Louis Childrens Hospital.
Looking for medication to treat infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce the symptoms of infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae
Pelvic tumor surgery, Minimally invasive surgery, Cancer treatment, Robotic surgery, Pelvic floor reconstruction, Recon...structive surgery, Partial nephrectomy, Bladder removal, Pelvic exenteration, Bladder repair, Prostate surgery, Testicular cancer, Ureteropelvic junction obstruction, Transverse myelitis, Cloacal malformation, Pediatric urologic disorders, Inguinal hernia, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Bladder exstrophy, Soft tissue sarcoma, Cloacal exstrophy, Wilms tumor, Vesicoureteral reflux, Multiple sclerosis, Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, Hypospadias, Kidney tumor. ...
INTRODUCTION : Posterior Sagittal Anorectoplasty (PSARP), popularized by de Vries and Pena1 has become standard surgical management of imperforate anus. The PSARP involves incision from coccyx to perineal body, to widely expose the external sphincter, the levators, the rectum, and distal fistula to facilitate surgical repair. Despite excellent exposure of the anatomy and exact placement of the distal rectum within the muscle complex, continence often is less than ideal. In an attempt to improve on these results Keith Georgeson2 et al, in 2000 described a new surgical technique Laparoscopically Assisted Anorectal Pull-Through for High Anorectal malformations (LAARP) that utilizes a laparoscopic vantage point to reduce the amount of posterior dissection required for accurate placement of the bowel into the muscle complex. In our institution3 we have been performing LAARP since 2001. The present study is intended to analyze this particular operative technique and examine the merits and demerits of ...
But they resemble reptiles and birds with a cloaca and egg-laying mode of reproduction. ...
Both sexes possess a cloaca,[12] which is connected to a urogenital sac used to store waste before expulsion. The bladder of ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Cloaca of human embryo from twenty-five to twenty-seven days old. ...
They have a cloaca into which the urinary and genital passages open, but not a swim bladder. Cartilaginous fish produce a small ... Bony fish have a swim bladder which helps them maintain a constant depth in the water column, but not a cloaca. They mostly ...
The anal/cloacal fin is located on the ventral surface behind the anus/cloaca. This fin is used to stabilize the fish while ... The clasper is then inserted into the cloaca, where it opens like an umbrella to anchor its position. The siphon then begins to ... and are used to channel semen into the female's cloaca during copulation. The act of mating in sharks usually includes raising ...
"Desesperados, los venezolanos recogen agua del río Guaire, "la cloaca" de Caracas" [Desperate, Venezuelans collect water from ...
It is also possible to misinterpret the scent gland papillae by the cloaca of the female as a hemipenis, as it can also ... Gredler, M.; Sanger, T.; Cohn, M. (2015). "Development of the Cloaca, Hemipenes, and Hemiclitores in the Green Anole, Anolis ... Common House Geckos, mating, ventral view with hemipenis inserted in the cloaca ... particularly their origin of development relative to the embryonic cloaca. Specifically, the hemipenes of squamata are found to ...
... cloaca) located further out on the tail.[7][8][9][22] ...
Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca. Lizards have evolved elongate ... A probe is inserted into the cloaca until it can go no further. The probe is marked at the point where it stops, removed, and ... These small, claw-like protrusions on each side of the cloaca are the external portion of the vestigial hindlimb skeleton, ... than the cloaca of a female.[47][clarification needed] ... or spined in order to grip the walls of the female's cloaca.[64 ...
... samples are obtained by swabbing the trachea and the cloaca. Cotton swabs can be used. The virus can also be isolated from the ...
In all reptiles the urinogenital ducts and the anus both empty into an organ called a cloaca. In some reptiles, a midventral ... Aquatic turtles have developed more permeable skin, and some species have modified their cloaca to increase the area for gas ... All reproductive activity occurs through the cloaca, the single exit/entrance at the base of the tail where waste is also ... Common House Geckos mating, ventral view with hemipenis inserted in the cloaca ...
Diagrams to illustrate the changes in the cloaca in mammals during development. A, early embryonic stage, showing the cloaca ... The mesonephric duct connects the primitive kidney, the mesonephros, to the cloaca and serves as the anlage for certain male ... The mesonephric duct connects the primitive kidney, the mesonephros, to the cloaca and serves as the anlage for certain male ... B, later stage, showing the beginning of the fold which divides the cloaca into a ventral urogenital sinus which receives the ...
... and discharged with the feces of the animal via the cloaca, whereas mammals' urine is a yellowish colour, with mostly urea ...
Reptiles and birds have a common cloaca at the rear. *Mammals excrete urea; reptiles and birds excrete uric acid ...
Some species have a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca. This is a relic of the legs ... Some species have kept a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca. They have no eyelids or ...
This template is part of the Medical series of navigation boxes. Refer to Template:Medicine and its talk page for suggestions on style and editing.. ...
Exposure of the cloaca is widespread in pre-copulatory displays of birds and has been related with high probability of ... with a reiterative and almost obstinate exhibition of the cloaca, which is fully surrounded by pure white feathers that allow ... bustards may use the highly toxic cantharidin taken from blister beetles of the genus Meloe to clean their intestine and cloaca ...
... the cloaca) for their urinary, defecatory, and reproductive systems. Monotremes, like reptiles, have a single cloaca; ... Cloaca 10. Opening in the ventral wall of the cloaca for the penis ... Monotremes (from Greek μονός, monos ('single') and τρῆμα, trema ('hole'), referring to the cloaca) are one of the three main ... urine is excreted through the cloaca.[23] The monotreme penis is similar to that of turtles, and is covered by a preputial sac. ...
The clasper is then inserted into the cloaca, where it opens like an umbrella to anchor its position. The siphon then begins to ... the posterior portion of their pelvic fin which serve as intromittent organs used to channel semen into the female's cloaca ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Public latrines were built over the Cloaca Maxima.[22] The Roman Empire had indoor plumbing, meaning a system of aqueducts and ... In ancient Rome, the Cloaca Maxima, considered a marvel of engineering,[citation needed] disgorged into the Tiber. ...
The tail is short and the cloaca is near the end of the body. Their skin is smooth and usually dark in colour. Some species ... The male Caecilians have a penis-like organ, the phallodeum, which is inserted into the cloaca of the female for 2 to 3 hours. ...
In many other animals a single posterior orifice, called the cloaca, serves as the only opening for the reproductive, digestive ... Excretory systems with analogous purpose in certain invertebrates are also sometimes referred to as cloacae. ...
... temporarily forming a cloaca. ...
The foregut develops from a cranial region of endoderm created after the initial cephalocaudal folding of the embryo. Starting at the stomodeum, a rapid expansion of the primitive gut forms the esophagus, from which the respiratory bud branches off.[2] During early foregut development, the esophagus lengthens considerably, reaching its proportional postnatal size. Simultaneously, the stomach begins to expand in width dorsally and ventrally in an asymmetric manner. This asymmetric expansion creates two curvatures, with the ventral side creating the lesser curvature and the dorsal side creating the greater curvature.[2] The expanding dorsal stomach wall then rotates the on its transverse plane, pulling its caudal portion upward and forcing the upper duodenum into a C shape. This rotation positions the left vagus nerve anteriorly and right vagus nerve posteriorly.[2] While the hindgut and midgut are only attached dorsally to the body wall by a fold of peritoneum, the foregut also has a ventral ...
Looking for online definition of clocortolone in the Medical Dictionary? clocortolone explanation free. What is clocortolone? Meaning of clocortolone medical term. What does clocortolone mean?
The effect of new disinfectant substances on the metabolism of Enterobacter cloacae. The changes in membrane potential produced ...
The vagina consists of an internal mucous lining and a muscular coat separated by a layer of erectile tissue. The mucous membrane (tunica mucosa) is continuous above with that lining the uterus. Its inner surface presents two longitudinal ridges, one on its anterior and one on its posterior wall. These ridges are called the columns of the vagina and from them numerous transverse ridges or rugae extend outward on either side. These rugae are divided by furrows of variable depth, giving to the mucous membrane the appearance of being studded over with conical projections or papillae; they are most numerous near the orifice of the vagina, especially before parturition. The epithelium covering the mucous membrane is of the stratified squamous variety. The submucous tissue is very loose, and contains numerous large veins which by their anastomoses form a plexus, together with smooth muscular fibers derived from the muscular coat; it is regarded by Gussenbauer as an erectile tissue. It contains a ...
Enterobacter cloacae and Proteus mirabilis to third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, meropenem, piperacillin/tazobactam, ... gentamicin in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli and amikacin in Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae. Also, there ...
... cloacae, E. coli, E. coli ESBL, K. pneumoniae, P. vulgaris, P. aeruginosa, S. typhimurium, and S. sonnei is unprecedentedly the ... Results: Regarding Class A, the most effective against Citrobacter koseri is Colgate Plax Mouthwash; Enterobacter cloacae is ... cloacae is WC Net Bleach Gel; E. coli is WC Net Bleach Gel; E. coli ESBL is WC Net Bleach Gel; K. pneumoniae are WC Net ... cloacae is Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant; E. coli is Vim Cream Multipurpose Fast Rinsing; E. coli ESBL is Dettol ...
Cloaca The egg is held in the cloaca immediately prior to being laid. It may be in the cloaca for several hours, but usually is ... Cloaca. In the egg laying hen the oviduct is a tube like organ that consists of the previously named segments with one end ... The deferent duct transports the sperm from the testes where they are formed to the cloaca from which they enter the oviduct of ... The deferent duct enters a small pimple-like structure in the cloaca. This structure equates to the mammalian penis and is much ...
Failure of new beta-lactam antibiotics in the treatment of severe Enterobacter cloacae infections Therefore, the blockade of ...
What does the cloaca receive?. Definition. intestinal contents. products from the genital ducts and ureters. ...
Infections with VIM-1 metallo-beta-lactamase-producing enterobacter cloacae and their correlation with clinical outcome. J Clin ...
This page was last edited 08:12, 9 January 2019 by wikidoc user Matt Pijoan. Based on work by wikidoc anonymous user en,Paine Ellsworth ...
In conclusion, the eggs are migrated out through the cloaca into water which the albuminous investments of the eggs rapidly ...
... effects of nandronolone-decanoate and iron preparations on the hemogram of irradiated patients Resistant Enterobacter cloacae ...
Indifferent stage ‐ cloaca divided by proliferating mesenchyme forming the urorectal septum which separates the ventral ... pronephros degenerates - leaving only the duct system running down to the cloaca (mesonephric duct = Wolffian duct). ...
Enterobacter cloacae, and Klebsiella pneumoniae to selected antibiotics. ($20,000) (90% effort), Enzon, 1999-2000 2. Houston SH ...
Cloaca (2) *Clover Mite (1) *Clubmosses (1) *Clutches (1) *Clymene Moth (1) ...
Enterobacter cloacae; Clo, Clostridium sp. strain L2-50; Mfe, M. fermentans; Mag, M. agalactiae strain 5632; Mag2, M. ...
From five tested strains identified as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus, Enterobacter cloacae, Rhizobium radiobacter and ...
Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Morganella morganii, Proteus mirabilis, ... Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas ... Citrobacter diversus, Citrobacter freunndii, Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Morganella morganii ...
Is it Veraflox effective in the therapy of an urinary infection in cat, caused by Enterobacter cloacae ssp cloacae?. ...
To study the genotypes and clinical characteristics of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacter cloacae (E.cloacae), and lay the ...
But they resemble reptiles and birds with a cloaca and egg-laying mode of reproduction. ...
Xu C, Theisen E, Maloney R, Peng J, Santiago I, Yapp C, Werkhoven Z, Rumbaut E, Shum B, Tarnogorska D, Borycz J, Tan L, Courgeon M, Griffin T, Levin R, Meinertzhagen IA, de Bivort B, Drugowitsch J, Pecot MY. Control of Synaptic Specificity by Establishing a Relative Preference for Synaptic Partners. Neuron. 2019 09 04; 103(5):865-877.e7 ...
Chen, Y. H., Liu, C. Y., Ko, W. C., Liao, C. H., Lu, P. L., Huang, C. H., Lu, C. T., Chuang, Y. C., Tsao, S. M., Chen, Y. S., Liu, Y. C., Chen, W. Y., Jang, T. N., Lin, H. C., Chen, C. M., Shi, Z. Y., Pan, S. C., Yang, J. L., Kung, H. C., Liu, C. E. & 10 others, Cheng, Y. J., Liu, J. W., Sun, W., Wang, L. S., Yu, K. W., Chiang, P. C., Lee, M. H., Lee, C. M., Hsu, G. J. & Hsueh, P. R., Feb 2014, In : European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 33, 2, p. 233-239 7 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
The diagnoses included myelomeningocele in 11, sacral agenesis in three and cloaca in one. Nine patients have an activated ... The diagnoses included myelomeningocele in 11, sacral agenesis in three and cloaca in one. Nine patients have an activated ... The diagnoses included myelomeningocele in 11, sacral agenesis in three and cloaca in one. Nine patients have an activated ... The diagnoses included myelomeningocele in 11, sacral agenesis in three and cloaca in one. Nine patients have an activated ...
  • In a different experimental setup we challenged SPF C57BL/6 wild-type mice and SPF JH-/- antibody-deficient animals (already containing an SPF flora) with graded doses of E. cloacae and compared the levels of live bacterial penetration to the MLN18 h later. (ormedmedical.us)
  • Newly hatched chickens from each flock were swabbed in the cloaca taking into account the parent age at 30, 40, 50 and 60 weeks, and bacterial flora was analysed. (poultryworld.net)
  • The male reproductive organs in the domestic fowl consist of two testes, each with a deferent duct that leads from the testes to the cloaca. (poultryhub.org)
  • The deferent duct transports the sperm from the testes where they are formed to the cloaca from which they enter the oviduct of the female when mating. (poultryhub.org)
  • The deferent duct enters a small pimple-like structure in the cloaca. (poultryhub.org)
  • The deferent duct is quite narrow at first but widens as it approaches the cloaca. (poultryhub.org)
  • pronephros degenerates - leaving only the duct system running down to the cloaca ( mesonephric duct = Wolffian duct). (edu.au)
  • generic sufferers was cloacae in medication concentrations, alternative interval seal patients, browser adults, AST and cytoprotective works( suspension medications) and rating account. (matrixmetals.com)
  • In contrast, wild-type animals that had been conditioned with E. cloacae for a month and then rested for 7 days before challenge (resulting in a substantial increase in IgA levels as described in Sect. (ormedmedical.us)
  • For study of enzyme expression in a more closely related host, the cloned E. cloacae 1194EampR-ampC region was transformed into E. cloacae 55, a wild-type strain producing a group B (pI 7.8) enzyme. (elsevier.com)