Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains protoanemonin, anemonin, and ranunculin.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A plant genus of the family NELUMBONACEAE. The common name of lotus is also for LOTUS and NYMPHAEA.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A growth from a pollen grain down into the flower style which allows two sperm to pass, one to the ovum within the ovule, and the other to the central cell of the ovule to produce endosperm of SEEDS.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Patterns (real or mathematical) which look similar at different scales, for example the network of airways in the lung which shows similar branching patterns at progressively higher magnifications. Natural fractals are self-similar across a finite range of scales while mathematical fractals are the same across an infinite range. Many natural, including biological, structures are fractal (or fractal-like). Fractals are related to "chaos" (see NONLINEAR DYNAMICS) in that chaotic processes can produce fractal structures in nature, and appropriate representations of chaotic processes usually reveal self-similarity over time.
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The republic consists of islands that are located in the mid-Atlantic Ocean about 300 miles off the west coast of Africa. The archipelago includes 10 islands and 5 islets, divided into the windward (Barlavento) and leeward (Sotavento) groups. The capital is Praia.
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.
The motion of air currents.
The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is the source of a familiar food seasoning.
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Experimental devices used in inhalation studies in which a person or animal is either partially or completely immersed in a chemically controlled atmosphere.
The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.

Developing the next-generation climate system models: challenges and achievements. (1/24)

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The climateprediction.net BBC climate change experiment: design of the coupled model ensemble. (2/24)

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The computational future for climate and Earth system models: on the path to petaflop and beyond. (3/24)

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Running climate models on grids using G-Rex. (4/24)

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Using GENIE to study a tipping point in the climate system. (5/24)

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Biodiversity in the Neotropics: ecological, economic and social values. (6/24)

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The ecological dynamics of Barra Bonita (Tiete River, SP, Brazil) reservoir: implications for its biodiversity. (7/24)

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Large-river delta-front estuaries as natural "recorders" of global environmental change. (8/24)

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We describe the impact on emergency services of the worlds largest recorded and most severe thunderstorm asthma health emergency. The event was associated with a 41.7% increase in emergency service caseload and a dramatic increase in cases of acute respiratory distress.. Although some previous studies have described the influence of thunderstorm asthma on health services such as primary care facilities and emergency departments,71011121337 none have examined emergency medical services. These services are recommended as the first point of call for patients with out-of-hospital health emergencies, and understanding their use and the characteristics of patients presenting during such events can assist health planning. We found a 2.5-fold increase in demand for emergency medical services between 6 pm and midnight on the day of the event. This finding supports previous reports in which thunderstorm asthma has been associated with large and sudden spikes in emergency department and general practice ...
​Thunderstorm asthma is associated with the occurrence of thunderstorms and high pollen levels. Thunderstorm asthma can be life threatening and can affect people who have never been diagnosed with asthma.
23 Hail to vital breath! Hail to out breathing! Hail to diffusive breath! Hail to the eye! Hail to the ear! Hail to Speech! Hail to Mind! 24 Hail to the Eastern Region! Hail to the hitherward Region! Hail to the Southern Region! Hail to the hitherward Region! Hail to the Western Region! Hail to the hitherward Region! Hail to the Northern Region! Hail to the hitherward Region! Hail to the Upward Region! Hail to the hitherward Region! Hail to the Downward Region! Hail to the hitherward Region! 25 Hail to waters! Hail to floods! Hail to water! Hail to standing waters! flail to flowing waters! Hail to trickling waters! Hail to well waters! Hail to spring waters! Hail to the foaming sea! Hail to the ocean! Hail to the deep! 26 Hail to wind! Hail to mist! Hail to vapour! Hail to cloud! Hail to cloud lightening! Hail to cloud thundering! Hail to it bursting! Hail to it raining! Hail to it pouring! Hail to it violently raining! Hail to it swiftly raining! Hail to it holding up! Hail to it when it has ...
Over in another article, a commenter claims: ..Catastrophic predictions depend on accelerated forcings due to water vapour feedback. This water vapour feedback is simply written into climate models as parameters. It is not derived from any kind simulation of first principles in the General Circulation Model runs (GCMs).. [Emphasis added] Ive seen this article of…
Summary: This community facthsheet explain epidemic thunder storm asthma. People who have asthma or hay fever can get severe asthma symptoms during pollen season when high grass pollen counts combine with a certain type of thunderstorm. When a large number of people develop asthma symptoms over a short period of time, this is known as epidemic thunderstorm asthma. Epidemic thunderstorm asthma events are uncommon and dont occur every year. In south-east Australia they can happen during grass pollen season from October through December. Thunderstorm asthma can affect those with asthma or hay fever - especially people who experience wheezing or coughing with their hay fever. Thats why its important for people with asthma or hay fever to know about thunderstorm asthma and what they can do to help protect themselves during grass pollen season ...
Eventbrite - Asthma Foundation Victoria presents Thunderstorm Asthma Community Education Rye - Friday, 17 November 2017 at Rye Community House, Rye, Victoria. Find event and ticket information.
Updated guidelines for asthma management include recommendations for preventing and treating thunderstorm asthma.. The update includes important information on the clinical interrelationship between asthma and allergic rhinitis, and guidance for diagnosing and managing patients with asthma-COPD overlap.. Highlights include:. Thunderstorm-triggered asthma:. ...
Eventbrite - Asthma Foundation Victoria presents Thunderstorm Asthma Community Education Springvale - Tuesday, 26 September 2017 at Springvale Service for Children. Find event and ticket information.
Researchers are exploring new ways of predicting thunderstorm asthma outbreaks that may one day provide early warnings for health professionals
​A rare condition known as thunderstorm asthma kills four people and sends hundreds to hospitals in Australias second-largest city.
The future state of a dynamical system is typically calculated by integrating a numerical model, and depends on parameters such as initial conditions, model errors, empirical parameters of the model, and possibly on lateral boundary conditions. Observations add new information that can be combined with model prediction to produce optimal values of dynamical system parameters and reduce their uncertainty. A mathematical methodology that can accomplish this is called data assimilation.. Data assimilation is fundamentally probabilistic since the uncertainty of dynamical system parameters can be described by a probability density function. Since dynamical models add valuable prior information, data assimilation is commonly based on Bayes theorem and thus represents a Bayesian inference. Data assimilation is also nonlinear since dynamical prediction models and observation operators can be highly nonlinear.. CIRA data assimilation research has the following goals:. ...
Human influence on the hydrologic cycle includes regulation and storage, consumptive use and overall redistribution of water resources in space and time. Representing these processes is essential for applications of earth system models in hydrologic and climate predictions, as well as impact studies at regional to global scales. Emerging large-scale research reservoir models use generic operating rules that are flexible for coupling with earth system models. Those generic operating rules have been successful in reproducing the overall regulated flow at large basin scales. This study investigates the uncertainties of the reservoir models from different implementations of the generic operating rules using the complex multi-objective Columbia River Regulation System in northwestern United States as an example to understand their effects on not only regulated flow but also reservoir storage and fraction of the demand that is met. Numerical experiments are designed to test new generic operating rules ...
Acosta, M., Yepes, X., Massonnet, F., and Menegoz, M.: Reproducibility of an Earth System Model under a change in computing environment: Test Case, https://doi.org/10.23728/b2share.1931aca743f74dcb859de6f37dfad281, 2019. a. Añel, J. A.: The importance of reviewing the code, Commun. ACM, 5, 40, https://doi.org/10.1145/1941487.1941502, 2011. a. Añel, J. A.: Comment on Most computational hydrology is not reproducible, so is it really science? by Christopher Hutton et al., Water Resour. Res., 53, 2572-2574, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016wr020190, 2017. a. Baker, A. H., Hammerling, D. M., Levy, M. N., Xu, H., Dennis, J. M., Eaton, B. E., Edwards, J., Hannay, C., Mickelson, S. A., Neale, R. B., Nychka, D., Shollenberger, J., Tribbia, J., Vertenstein, M., and Williamson, D.: A new ensemble-based consistency test for the Community Earth System Model (pyCECT v1.0), Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 2829-2840, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-2829-2015, 2015. a, b, c, d, e. Balsamo, G., Beljaars, A., Scipal, K., ...
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in the oceans biological carbon pump by providing an advective/mixing pathway for ~ 20% of export production. DOM is known to have a stoichiometry depleted in nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) compared to the particulate organic matter pool, a~fact that is often omitted from biogeochemical-ocean general circulation models. However the variable C : N : P stoichiometry of DOM becomes important when quantifying carbon export from the upper ocean and linking the nutrient cycles of N and P with that of carbon. Here we utilize recent advances in DOM observational data coverage and offline tracer-modeling techniques to objectively constrain the variable production and remineralization rates of the DOM C / N / P pools in a simple biogeochemical-ocean model of DOM cycling. The optimized DOM cycling parameters are then incorporated within the Biogeochemical Elemental Cycling (BEC) component of the Community Earth System Model and validated against the ...
project=CCMI1, model=NCAR Community Earth System Model, version 1, experiment=refC2, time_frequency=mon, modeling realm=atmos, ensemble=r1i1p1, version= ...
People who have asthma or hay fever can get severe asthma symptoms during pollen season when high grass pollen counts combine with a certain type of thunderstorm.
Every Victorian should know the signs, symptoms and asthma First Aid procedure in case a thunderstorm triggers another asthmatic epidemic this spring.
project=CMIP5, model=NCAR Community Climate System Model, CCSM version 4, experiment=10- or 30-year run initialized in year 1971, time_frequency=mon, modeling realm=ocean, ensemble=r5i2p1, version= ...
0002] Interest in roofing of increased solar reflectance has gained momentum in recent years as a way to reduce summer cooling costs and to mitigate smog-producing urban heat island effects. The EPA Energy Star Initiative requires steep-slope residential roofing (e.g. asphalt shingles) to have a minimum solar reflectance of 0.25 initially and a 3-year aged solar reflectance of at least 0.15. Low slope roofing according to Energy Star must have an initial solar reflectance of 0.65 and a 3-year aged solar reflectance of at least 0.50. EPA Energy Star thermal emittance requirement for roofing (regardless of type and age) is 0.75 minimum. Californias Title 24 Initiative requires 3-year aged reflectance minimums of 0.20 for steep slope roofing, 0.70 for low slope roofing, and similarly requires a thermal emittance minimum of 0.75. Conformance to these reflectance and emittance requirements is possible for many types of asphalt shingles. Standard shingles surfaced with light-colored roofing ...
The transverse thermal properties of the electrons photoemitted from GaAs determine the intrinsic beam emittance, an important quantity in applications such as polarized electron sources and high-brightness sources. In this paper, emittance measurements using the Illinois/CEBAF polarized electron source are described. The emittance was measured as a function of both the laser beam spot size and laser wavelength at low currents. The data was used to infer the transverse thermal energy of the electrons photoemitted from GaAs for wavelengths between 514 and 840 nm. Near the bandgap the transverse energy is {approximately}34 meV, a factor of 3 lower than that of the beam from a typical thermionic electron gun. 8 refs., 2 figs.
Hospitals across Melbourne were put on emergency alert on Monday night as thousands of people called ambulance services, reporting breathing difficulties...
In response to an inquiry to Scott Saleska, Dan Kirk-Davidoff, a prominent expert in the field, has sent the following suggestions: Soden and Held 2006, An Assessment of Climate Feedbacks in Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Models, J. Climate 19:3354, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3799.1 reviews the relative role of various feedbacks in the IPCC AR4 runs. Held and Soden,
LA CROSSE, Wis. - Thunderstorms packing heavy rain, hail and high winds have pounded parts of southwestern Wisconsin and southeastern Minnesota.. The National Weather Service says a cooperative observer measured 2.5-inch hail near La Crosse Thursday. Hail measuring 2 inches was reported near Onalaska. In southeastern Minnesota, hail estimated at 1.25 inches was reported near Lanesboro. Law enforcement reported hail estimated at 1 inch near La Crescent. Some crop damage is reported in Fillmore County in a swath south of U.S. 52. The storm dumped 2.1 inches of rain in Spring Valley in southeastern Minnesota. Wind gusts estimated at 40 mph were reported near Harmony.. ...
Bonita Community Health Center is a Physical Therapist at 3501 Health Center Blvd, Bonita Springs, FL 34135. Wellness.com provides reviews, contact information, driving directions and the phone number for Bonita Community Health Center in Bonita Springs, FL.
TY - JOUR. T1 - A hierarchical, multivariate meta‐analysis approach to synthesizing global change experiments. AU - Ogle, Kiona. AU - Liu, Yao. AU - Vicca, Sara. AU - Bahn, Michael. PY - 2021/6/1. Y1 - 2021/6/1. N2 - Meta-analyses enable synthesis of results from globally distributed experiments to draw general conclusions about the impacts of global change factors on ecosystem function. Traditional meta-analyses, however, are challenged by the complexity and diversity of experimental results. We illustrate how several key issues can be addressed via a multivariate, hierarchical Bayesian meta-analysis (MHBM) approach applied to information extracted from published studies.We applied an MHBM to log-response ratios for aboveground biomass (AB, n = 300), belowground biomass (BB, n = 205), and soil CO2 exchange (SCE, n = 544), representing 100 studies. The MHBM accounted for study duration, climate effects, and covariation among the AB, BB, and SCE responses to elevated CO2 (eCO2) and/or ...
Another storm impacted eastern Morris and Lyon Counties. Hen egg sized hail was reported in Council Grove at 6:50 p.m. and golfball sized hail was reportred in Dunlap at 7:15 p.m. The storm continued to move slowly and intensify across Lyon County, and a funnel cloud was reported near Americus at 7:57 p.m. The storm produced a brief tornado touchdown in rural Lyon County at 8:32 p.m 4 miles northeast of Americus. Additional large hail reports of 2 inches were reported near Bushong. Heavy rain also fell from this storm due to its slow movement eastward and several Lyon County roads had to be barricaded due to running water over the road. Other storms moved across the area with hail up to the size of golfballs in Nemaha and Pottawatomie counties during the late evening hours.. Here is link to a map of all the storm reports. ...
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http://www.cafepress.com/helluvashirt: Oh Hail No T: Come rain, sleet, or hail, sometimes you really need to get your point across so you have to emphasize words a bit. So the next time someone says something that is out of line, say OH HAIL NO!
Most commonly, analyzed products are created using three-dimensional or four-dimensional (3DVAR, 4DVAR) variational data assimilation schemes. 3DVAR treats observations within some time interval about the target analysis time as occurring at the time of the analysis. 4DVAR uses the observations distributed about the target analysis time to estimate the value. (Very simplistically, think of a least squares fit of the observations.) An alternative 4DVAR approach is to use nudging where damped differences between the observations and the initial forecast guess, which is assumed to be perfect, are used to constrain the analysis toward the observations.. ...
This paper summarizes recent efforts on Observing System Evaluation (OS-Eval) by the Ocean Data Assimilation and Prediction (ODAP) communities such as GODAE OceanView and CLIVAR-GSOP. It provides some examples of existing OS-Eval methodologies, and attempts to discuss the potential and limitation of the existing approaches. Observing System Experiment (OSE) studies illustrate the impacts of the severe decrease in the number of TAO buoys during 2012-2014 and TRITON buoys since 2013 on ODAP system performance. Multi-system evaluation of the impacts of assimilating satellite sea surface salinity data based on OSEs has been performed to demonstrate the need to continue and enhance satellite salinity missions. Impacts of underwater gliders have been assessed using Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) to provide guidance on the effective coordination of the western North Atlantic observing system elements. OSSEs are also being performed under H2020 AtlantOS project with the goal to enhance and
Data assimilation refers to methods for updating the state vector (initial condition) of a complex spatiotemporal model (such as a numerical weather model) by combining new observations with one or more prior forecasts. We consider the potential feasibility of this approach for making short-term (60-day) forecasts of the growth and spread of a malignant brain cancer (glioblastoma multiforme) in individual patient cases, where the observations are synthetic magnetic resonance images of a hypothetical tumor. We apply a modern state estimation algorithm (the Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter), previously developed for numerical weather prediction, to two different mathematical models of glioblastoma, taking into account likely errors in model parameters and measurement uncertainties in magnetic resonance imaging. The filter can accurately shadow the growth of a representative synthetic tumor for 360 days (six 60-day forecast/update cycles) in the presence of a moderate degree of systematic model error
47 download data assimilation for atmospheric oceanic and hydrologic applications 12( 1677-8), satellites 137-42. 48 Birch, aspiration of the Royal Society, 3: 369-70. different complications in 1677-8.
Land Data Assimilation. Tristan Quaife , Emily Lines, Ian Davenport, Jon Styles, Philip Lewis Robert Gurney. Rationale . Satellite data one of the most powerful observational constraints on land surface models Synoptic spatial and temporal coverage Slideshow 2089304 by ahava
NSFs mission is to advance the progress of science, a mission accomplished by funding proposals for research and education made by scientists, engineers, and educators from across the country.
Research Associate, Environmental Sciences. The Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia (UVA) seeks a Research Associate to contribute to computational research on ocean tritium and helium isotope distributions in the framework of the Community Earth System Model. The research associate will work directly with Scott Doney in the Department of Environmental Sciences.. The candidate must have experience with ocean circulation modeling, data analysis and visualization. Prior experience with ocean transient tracers, marine biogeochemistry, and the Community Earth System Model or similar global model is preferred. Strong skills in verbal and written communication of scientific results, ability to work both independently and collaboratively as a member of interdisciplinary teams, and ability to organize, prioritize, and coordinate multiple tasks are required skills.. Appointment is for one year with possibility of a renewal for one additional year, contingent upon ...
Updated joint statement by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
It should be noted that some types of bottled water may not be suitable for making up infant formula because of high salt levels (sodium concentrations of less than 20mg/l are preferable and not more than 200mg/l). There may be labelling on the bottle that will indicate if it is not suitable for making up infant formula ...
Based on public health advice and the University of Melbournes implementation of social distancing measures, UMSU continues to host the majority of our events online.. For the limited number of in person events, happening on campus, we continue to undertake continues government-recommended measures for all of our in-person events. If youre coming to campus, make sure you carefully read the unimelb guidelines so you know your responsibilities to help us keep our campuses safe for everyone. Dont come to campus if you are unwell. Find out more about coming to campus on the UniMelb coming to campus page. Make sure you complete the online health declaration before coming as we may need proof of completion to enter UMSU events and spaces.. We also understand that this is a difficult and stressful time for everyone and we encourage you to check in on each other, help each other out where possible, and to continue to monitor and comply with public health advice. Additional information is available on ...
In light of the current outbreak of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), Swim England London has reviewed its current position for all events
Plastic Surgery Portal is the most trusted source for Thigh Lift information in Bonita. Our California plastic and cosmetic surgeons have the answers to your questions about Thigh Lift such as recovery time, cost of surgery, and more. For the top Thigh Lift plastic surgeons in Bonita, were a resource you can depend on.
Heavy storm, rain and hail hit Mexico. The streets of Tlakepake were covered with a hail of more than 1 meter. On some streets, trucks and cars got stuck due to the accumulation of hail, and there were reports of trees falling.
1. Scope. 1.1 This test method describes a highly accurate technique for measuring the normal spectral emittance of electrically conducting materials or materials with electrically conducting substrates, in the temperature range from 600 to 1400 K, and at wavelengths from 1 to 35 ?m.. 1.2 The test method requires expensive equipment and rather elaborate precautions, but produces data that are accurate to within a few percent. It is suitable for research laboratories where the highest precision and accuracy are desired, but is not recommended for routine production or acceptance testing. However, because of its high accuracy this test method can be used as a referee method to be applied to production and acceptance testing in cases of dispute…. ...
It is important to help patients understand their asthma and allergies better and to upskill them on how to manage flare-ups.. I will review all of my patients inhaler and nasal spray technqiues by asking them to bring their devices to consultations and demonstrate themselves.. I will refer my difficult to control asthma patients to specialists for consideration of newer biological agents.. For patients with allergic rhinitis, I will emphasise the role of saline spray.. I need to reinforce patients about the use of their Epipen early in an event of allergic reaction to prevent death.. I will make a differential diagnosis between asthma and COPD and to be aware of different management approaches.. I have a greater understanding of the mechanism of Thunderstorm Asthma and who might be at risk. I will consider starting inhaled corticosteroids ahead of the hay fever season in those predisposed who may have had difficulty with the last outbreak in November 2016.. ...
A University of Oklahoma professor, Jizhong Zhou, and his team have completed a new study on the effects of climate warming on soil microbes in a long-term climate change experiment at a tallgrass prairie ecosystem. The new ...
Solar Eclipse Live ARCTIC LIGHTS: For the second day in a row, auroras are dancing around the Arctic Circle. The lights were sparked by a minor CME impact on Oct. 14th and amplified on Oct. 15th when Earth passed through a fold in the heliospheric current sheet. NOAA forecasters estimate a 40% chance of continued polar geomagnetic storms on Oct. 16th. Aurora alerts: text, voice GREEN COMET APPROACHES RED PLANET: On Sunday, Oct. 19th, Comet Siding Spring will pass only 140,000 km away from Mars. For comparison, thats about 1/3rd the distance between Earth and the Moon. For a while last year, astronomers thought the comet might actually hit Mars, setting off a cataclysmic climate change experiment, but now we know its going to be a near miss. Last night, only three days before closest approach, astrophotographer Damian Peach snapped this picture: The comet is presently moving against the dense star clouds of the southern Milky Way, says Peach. Soon, however, it will reach Mars. An ...
I moved early in my freshman year of high school. I imagine there were kids in my new high school who had endured the same type of teasing, tormenting, bullying, abuse, that the preceding endured. I didnt know of them, though, in the new school. Except for Bonita. Upon first seeing Bonita, you wouldnt have thought there was much of a problem. A little bit unkempt, eyeglasses a little outdated, maybe, but it was the 70s, in high school. There was a lot of variety in dress. I didnt know, at first, that Bonita was a target. I remember the first week I was at school, someone, a preachers daughter, ironically, telling me to ask Bonita about her recent trip to Salisbury (a town in North Carolina). I was new, ready to make friends, so I said, Hey, Bonita, did you go to Salisbury over the weekend? And Bonita became very flustered and started on a long narrative/tirade about going to Salisbury. It was part informative, part angry, all very odd. And Bonita seemed both pleased and offended that I had ...
Read more about Sri Lankan among 8 killed in Australias thunderstorm asthma on Business Standard. A 58-year-old Sri Lankan has become the eighth victim of a rare thunderstorm asthma outbreak in Australias second largest city this week, forcing authorities to issue health alerts. The death of Ranjith Peiris here last night in a local hospital
PRELIMINARY LOCAL STORM REPORT...SUMMARY NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MIDLAND/ODESSA TX 1243 PM CDT SUN APR 12 2009 ..TIME... ...EVENT... ...CITY LOCATION... ...LAT.LON... ..DATE... ....MAG.... ..COUNTY LOCATION..ST.. ...SOURCE.... ..REMARKS.. 0356 PM HAIL HOBBS 32.73N 103.16W 04/11/2009 E1.00 INCH LEA NM TRAINED SPOTTER 0358 PM HAIL HOBBS 32.73N 103.16W 04/11/2009 E1.75 INCH LEA NM LAW ENFORCEMENT 0400 PM FUNNEL CLOUD LOVINGTON 32.95N 103.35W 04/11/2009 LEA NM LAW ENFORCEMENT UNKNOWN IF IT TOUCHED GROUND 0400 PM HAIL LOVINGTON 32.95N 103.35W 04/11/2009 E1.00 INCH LEA NM LAW ENFORCEMENT 0400 PM HAIL 2 S LOVINGTON 32.92N 103.35W 04/11/2009 E1.75 INCH LEA NM LAW ENFORCEMENT 0430 PM HAIL 7 SE HOBBS 32.66N 103.08W 04/11/2009 E1.00 INCH LEA NM TRAINED SPOTTER NICKEL TO QUARTER SIZE HAIL REPORTED. 0431 PM HAIL HIGGINBOTHAM 32.90N 102.99W 04/11/2009 E1.75 INCH GAINES TX TRAINED SPOTTER 0450 PM HAIL HIGGINBOTHAM 32.90N 102.99W 04/11/2009 E1.75 INCH GAINES TX PUBLIC 0517 PM HAIL PECOS 31.41N 103.50W ...
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In Mendoza in Argentina they have nets to protect the vines against hail. In Burgundy they prefer to launch silver nitrate rockets in to the clouds. The effect is that the hail grains become smaller and fall more slowly to the ground. Hopefully. This is not a system that works all the time. But obviously the producers believe in this method and now 45 000 hectares, almost the whole of the Burgundy vine surface, is covered by this protection. Burgundy, as well as several other wine regions in France, has been hit hard by hail in recent years.. This spring 90 new generators will join the 53 already in place. And then only one important detail remains. Finding people that are prepared to launch the rockets when the time comes.. Read more vitisphere.com. Curious to know more about the vineyards in Argentina? Come on our South American wine tour to Chile and Argentina.. ...
The term Single Cell Thunderstorm as it applies to the area of the weather can be defined as This type of thunderstorm develops in weak vertical wind shear environments. On a hodograph, this would appear as a closely grouped set of random dots around the center of the graph. They are characterized by a single updraft core and a single downdraft that descends into the same area as the updraft. The downdraft and its outflow boundary then cut off the thunderstorm inflow. This causes the updraft and the thunderstorm to dissipate. Single cell thunderstorms are short-lived. They only last about 1/2 hour to an hour. These thunderstorms will occasionally become severe (3/4 inch hail, wind gusts in the excess of 58 miles an hour, or a tornado), but only briefly. In this case, they are called Pulse Severe Thunderstorms. . ...
Charles Sturt University (CSU) is contributing to the health of inland Australia through the development and funding of an Asthma Alert webpage, which will send asthma sufferers email or SMS alerts when environmental conditions pose a significantly increased risk of triggering an asthma attack. The webpage will be unveiled when the Wagga Asthma Collaboration Committee launches its 2007 Spring Thunderstorm Asthma Campaign at 10am on Wednesday 5 September at the CSU staff club, Wagga Wagga Campus. Committee Chair, Dr Bruce Graham, a lecturer at the CSU School of Biomedical Sciences, says this years campaign theme is Research, Education and Asthma. Professor Deidre Lemerle, Director of the E H Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, CSU and NSW DPI Research, will outline asthma research links at CSU. Rebecca Turnbull, CSU medical science & biotechnology student, will also detail research about pollens in asthma. Australian Bureau of Statistic figures show 318 Australians died from asthma in ...
A severe thunderstorm WATCH means BE PREPARED. A severe thunderstorm WARNING means TAKE ACTION. If there is a severe thunderstorm watch, stay informed and be ready to act, because severe thunderstorms are possible. If there is a severe thunderstorm warning, take shelter in a strong building, and get out of mobile homes that can blow over in high winds. Severe weather is occurring or will shortly. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/thunderstorm/ww.shtml #SpringSafety. Twitter ...
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Always having the thoughts of ALS in the back of our minds, never knowing if or when, caused us to do and experience things most wait until retirement years to enjoy. So looking back dealing with ALS at a young age instilled valuable lessons in both of us as to what is really important, David said.. Unfortunately their fears became a reality when Bonita started showing signs of muscle weakness. She was diagnosed with ALS in March of 2014, at the age of 65. David said as the disease progressed Bonita never lost her will to keep fighting. He became her full time caretaker tackling it head on.. Regardless of being imprisoned within her body, unable to do even the simplest task, she always managed to smile, that quirky little smile I fell in love with 50 years ago, David said. Her smile reinforced her love for me. Her body had failed but not her mind, so I became her arms and legs, we became one in each other.. And you may wonder how after 50 years together and now taking on the role of ...
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Listen free to Ares El Principe - Te Ves Tan Bonita - Single (Te Ves Tan Bonita). 1 track (3:20). Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm.
Punge, H. J., K. M. Bedka, and M. Kunz: Hail hazard in Europe: Analysis based on the overshooting cloud top (OT) proxy and reanalysis data. REKLIM conference: Our climate - our future: regional perspectives on a global challenge, 6 - 8 October 2014, Berlin, Germany.. Kunz, M., M. Schmidberger, and D. Köbele: Hail hazard in Germany related to orographic and atmospheric characteristics. REKLIM conference: Our climate - our future: regional perspectives on a global challenge, 6 - 8 October 2014, Berlin, Germany.. Mohr, S., Kunz, M. and Geyer, B. (2014): Changes in the Hail Potential Over Past and Future Decades using a Logistic Hail Model. REKLIM conference: Our climate - our future: regional perspectives on a global challenge, 6 - 8 October 2014, Berlin, Germany.. Fluck, E., M. Kunz, Geissbuehler and S. P. Ritz, 2014: Hail statistic in Germany based on a hybrid cell-tracking algorithm combining remote-sensing data and hailstone observations, 1st European Hail Workshop, 25 - 27 June 2014, Bern, ...
Figure 2: Probability distribution functions (PDFs) from combining anthropogenic radiative forcings. Three cases are shown: the total of all anthropogenic radiative forcings (block filled red curve); Long-lived greenhouse gases and ozone radiative forcings (dashed red curve); and aerosol direct and cloud albedo radiative forcings (dashed blue curve). Surface albedo, contrails and stratospheric water vapour RFs are included in the total curve but not in the others. Natural radiative forcings (solar and volcanic) are not included in these three PDFs. (IPCC AR4 Figure 2.20b). Greenhouse gases and ozone contribute warming of +2.9 Wm-2. The majority of this is from CO2 (+1.66 Wm-2). This warming is offset by anthropogenic aerosols, reducing the total human caused warming to 1.6 Wm-2. So surprisingly, the warming from CO2 actually exceeds the final total radiative forcing. If ever asked how much CO2 contributes to global warming, you could say all of it... and some! But a more appropriate response ...
Hansen et al. (2013) state: Burning all fossil fuels would produce a different, practically uninhabitable, planet. ... Our calculated global warming in this case is 16 °C, with warming at the poles approximately 30 °C. Calculated warming over land areas averages approximately 20 °C. Such temperatures would eliminate grain production in almost all agricultural regions in the world. Increased stratospheric water vapour would diminish the stratospheric ozone layer. More ominously, global warming of that magnitude would make most of the planet uninhabitable by humans. And they go on to explain the 35 °C wet bulb temperature problem, which actually comes from Sherwood and Huber (2010) below. ...
Several decades of scientific research have yielded significant advances in understanding the oceans role in regulating Earths climate. This summary covers some of the major points about abrupt climate change that are often misunderstood.
Abstract. The isotopic composition of carbon (Δ14C and δ13C) in atmospheric CO2 and in oceanic and terrestrial carbon reservoirs is influenced by anthropogenic emissions and by natural carbon exchanges, which can respond to and drive changes in climate. Simulations of 14C and 13C in the ocean and terrestrial components of Earth system models (ESMs) present opportunities for model evaluation and for investigation of carbon cycling, including anthropogenic CO2 emissions and uptake. The use of carbon isotopes in novel evaluation of the ESMs component ocean and terrestrial biosphere models and in new analyses of historical changes may improve predictions of future changes in the carbon cycle and climate system. We compile existing data to produce records of Δ14C and δ13C in atmospheric CO2 for the historical period 1850-2015. The primary motivation for this compilation is to provide the atmospheric boundary condition for historical simulations in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 ...
Aerosols are the tiny suspended particles in the atmosphere playing a major role in influencing the net radiation budget of the earth. The aerosols also affect cloud microphysics and those with land origin, possibly reduce the monsoon rainfall. Dynamic and diverse nature of the aerosols varies according to different locations. The aerosols originating due to desert dust, rural atmospheric situations, urban pollutants and marine areas have wide variations and display specific characteristics. Routine monitoring of aerosol events and their subsequent dispersal pattern are important in order to understand their role in climatic process. Hence, it is very important to study the aerosols and their retrieval strategy from the ocean colour remote sensing sensors. The satellite sensors provide platform for making observations covering large area as also their short-term and frequent repetivity. Ocean-colour sensors e.g. CZCS, SeaWiFS, MODIS, POLDAR, Oceansat-1 & 2 OCM have been used to study aerosols, apart
The major ions, sodium (Na+), calcium (Ca2+), and chloride (Cl−), deposited in central Antarctica and preserved in ice cores originate from both marine and continental sources. They provide important proxy records, helping to reconstruct past climatic processes. However, it is difficult to clearly separate the individual contributions from the two sources, particularly the continental one during glacial periods. On the basis of Na+ and Ca2+ records at an unprecedented resolution from the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA) Dome C ice core back to the penultimate glacial period, mean ion mass ratios were deduced for the continental and the sea-salt aerosol body over East Antarctica. The sea-salt ion mass ratios are in the range predicted for both wind-induced bubble bursting of breaking waves on the open ocean and sea ice brine-derived aerosols, respectively, thus allowing no clear decision on the contribution of sea ice to the central Antarctic sea-salt aerosol. The ...
Anderson, J. L. and Anderson, S. L.: A Monte Carlo implementation of the nonlinear filtering problem to produce ensemble assimilations and forecasts, Mon. Weather Rev., 127, 2741-2758, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1999)127,2741:AMCIOT,2.0.CO;2, 1999. a. Bannister, R. N.: A review of operational methods of variational and ensemble-variational data assimilation: Ensemble-variational Data Assimilation, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 143, 607-633, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2982, 2017. a, b, c. Bishop, C. H., Etherton, B. J., and Majumdar, S. J.: Adaptive Sampling with the Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter. Part I: Theoretical Aspects, Mon. Weather Rev., 129, 420-436, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129,0420:ASWTET,2.0.CO;2, 2001. a, b. Bonan, B., Nodet, M., Ritz, C., and Peyaud, V.: An ETKF approach for initial state and parameter estimation in ice sheet modelling, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 21, 569-582, https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-21-569-2014, 2014. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k. Bonan, ...
A new approach of model parameter estimation is used with simulated measurements to recover both biological and economic input parameters of a natural resource model. The procedure efficiently combines time series of observations with a simple bioeconomic fisheries model to optimally estimate the model parameters. Using identical twin experiments, it is shown that the parameters of the model can be retrieved. The procedure provides an efficient way of calculating poorly known model parameters by fitting model results to observations. In separate experiments with exact and noisy data, we have demonstrated that the adjoint technique of parameter estimation can be an efficient method of analyzing bioeconomic data. Results of sensitivity analysis of the model parameters show that the environmental carrying capacity (e.g., habitat) is the most important input parameter in the model ...
The Institute of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (France) is planning the set-up of an automatic nuclear aerosol monitoring network over the French territory. Each of the stations will be able to automatically sample the air aerosol content and provide activity concentration measurements on several radionuclides. This should help monitor the French and neighbouring countries nuclear power plants set. It would help evaluate the impact of a radiological incident occurring at one of these nuclear facilities. This paper is devoted to the spatial design of such a network. Here, any potential network is judged on its ability to extrapolate activity concentrations measured on the network stations over the whole domain. The performance of a network is quantitatively assessed through a cost function that measures the discrepancy between the extrapolation and the true concentration fields. These true fields are obtained through the computation of a database of dispersion accidents over one year of
Recent studies have suggested that global mean surface temperature would remain approximately constant on multi-century timescales after CO2 emissions1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 are stopped. Here we use Earth system model simulations of such a stoppage to demonstrate that in some models, surface temperature may actually increase on multi-century timescales after an initial century-long decrease. This occurs in spite of a decline in radiative forcing that exceeds the decline in ocean heat uptake-a circumstance that would otherwise be expected to lead to a decline in global temperature. The reason is that the warming effect of decreasing ocean heat uptake together with feedback effects arising in response to the geographic structure of ocean heat uptake10, 11, 12 overcompensates the cooling effect of decreasing atmospheric CO2 on multi-century timescales. Our study also reveals that equilibrium climate sensitivity estimates based on a widely used method of regressing the Earths energy imbalance ...
conditions.. Okay, lets say that abrupt climate change occurs in the next 50 years (15-25% possibility? might be a good guess.) We know from paleoclimate evidence that our climate system historically works by tipping from one state to another in as little as ten years, is unstable, chaotic and most likely being forced closer to a tipping point by extra human CO2 forcing.. This CO2 forcing is expected to increase almost exponentially in the next 200 years.. So we can say with a 95% probability, that abrupt climate change *will* happen in the future (it always has)…the question is when?. Okay, if this happens, could it alone (without even other GW forces alone) cause the possible end of our civilization…that is a possible question that the Pentagon and others are investigating.. The scientific communtity is conservative, and treats this, correctly, as an extreme scenario (but so was the ozone hole which proved to be a near-worse-case scenario).. All right, so we get abrupt climate change (We ...
Greenhouse gas (GHG) additions to Earths atmosphere initially reduce global outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), thereby warming the planet. In select environments with temperature inversions, however, increased GHG concentrations can actually increase local OLR. Negative top-of-atmosphere and effective radiative forcing (ERF) from this situation give the impression that local surface temperatures could cool in response to GHG increases. Here we consider an extreme scenario in which GHG concentrations are increased only within the warmest layers of winter near-surface inversions of the Arctic and Antarctic. We find, using a fully coupled Earth system model, that the underlying surface warms despite the GHG addition exerting negative ERF and cooling the troposphere in the vicinity of the GHG increase. This unique radiative forcing and thermal response is facilitated by the high stability of the polar winter atmosphere, which inhibits thermal mixing and amplifies the impact of surface radiative ...
NSPIRE also has a strong intersection with our BioEarth Earth System model development project supported through the NSF/USDA/DOE Decadal Modeling Program. In this case, NSPIRE/BioEarth students Anderson and Poinsette are following separate tracks to assess N deposition in natural ecosystems and to investigate the source attribution associated with such deposition and the impacts of deposition on plant community dynamics. At the same time, BioEarth student Nergui is conducting regional analyses of
Abstract. Owing to their important roles in biogeochemical cycles, phytoplankton functional types (PFTs) have been the aim of an increasing number of ocean color algorithms. Yet, none of the existing methods are based on phytoplankton carbon (C) biomass, which is a fundamental biogeochemical and ecological variable and the unit of accounting in Earth system models. We present a novel bio-optical algorithm to retrieve size-partitioned phytoplankton carbon from ocean color satellite data. The algorithm is based on existing methods to estimate particle volume from a power-law particle size distribution (PSD). Volume is converted to carbon concentrations using a compilation of allometric relationships. We quantify absolute and fractional biomass in three PFTs based on size - picophytoplankton (0.5-2 µm in diameter), nanophytoplankton (2-20 µm) and microphytoplankton (20-50 µm). The mean spatial distributions of total phytoplankton C biomass and individual PFTs, derived from global SeaWiFS ...
Dr. Mike Farrar, the Director of the Environmental Modeling Center (EMC) of the National Weather Service, will present an overview of EMCs current modeling systems, to include global and regional models for weather, ocean, waves, and hurricanes. In addition, he will discuss the Next Generation Global Prediction System (NGGPS), which will replace the current global weather and coupled seasonal models, which are currently based on a global spectral model, with upgraded modeling systems based on the Finite Volume Cubesphere (FV3) dynamic core. Dr. Farrar will also describe the strategic vision to evolve the nascent NGGPS modeling system towards a fully-coupled Earth system model in partnership with the broad U.S. modeling community. ...
Dr Dominique Thompson, a former GP and now an independent consultant in student health and wellbeing says her former practice, the Bristol Student Health Service, had its sexual health funding cut by £20,000 by the local authority. She points out that while this is not the sort of thing to provoke a public outcry, it will have long-term effects on the patients and on GPs.. The current generation will grow up without the public health advice and information campaigns and when they start to have problems it will be general practice that they will go to first.. GPs have started to see the impact already but the real problem with these cuts is the impact is insidious and will be seen down the line.. Local authorities claim they have little choice. The Local Government Association is limited in its response due to purdah rules in the run-up to this months local elections, but its community wellbeing board chair Councillor Izzi Seccombe said last year: [Taking] vital money away from the ...
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HIGHLIGHTS: The autograph signing is a precursor to the official launch which is private invite-only red carpet affair hosted by Xzibit on Saturday, March 2nd 2013 at The Hyde Bellagio. Several VIPs, celebrities, and media outlets are expected to attend. The Bonita Spirits Company will also have a ticket giveaway to the launch event at the bottle signing appearance ...
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The hail started around 4:30 in the afternoon in Cordoba, Argentina. At first, it was tiny and fun, but then it changed. Hailstones larger than tennis balls began to fall from the sky, eventually growing to mammoth size. Victoria Druetta...
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Mother Nature decided to throw out some baseball sized hail in Sulphur last night and even put holes in the ground in peoples yard. Check out the pictures.
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Nebraska was down to its very last play. Down 24-21 to Northwestern with just four seconds left in regulation, the Cornhuskers were in complete desperation mode and dialed up a Hail Mary. From the Northwestern 49 yard-line, Huskers backup quarterback … Continue reading →
Hail, Caesar!, the new film by Joel and Ethan Coen, starts and ends with a confession and a slap in the face. The movie covers a day in the life… Read more. ...
Californian post-hardcore troupe Hail The Sun have just debuted an animated cartoon video for their new song Burn Nice And Slow (The Formative Years), the latest track to be lifted from their upcoming sophomore full-length effort, Culture Scars.. You can stream and watch the video below:. ...
2005). "Chapter 1 Climatic geomorphology". Developments in Earth Surface Processes. 8. pp. 3-32. doi:10.1016/S0928-2025(05) ... Knowledge of precise climatic events decreases as the record goes back in time, but some notable climate events are known: ... Climatic information can be obtained through an understanding of changes in tree growth. Generally, trees respond to changes in ... Within climatic geomorphology one approach is to study relict landforms to infer ancient climates. Being often concerned about ...
2005). "Chapter 1 Climatic geomorphology". Developments in Earth Surface Processes. 8. pp. 3-32. doi:10.1016/S0928-2025(05) ...
Probable impact of deforestation on hydrological processes. Climatic Change 19: 163-73. Government of Tamil Nadu, Rural ...
"Building a sustained climate assessment process." Climatic Change 135(1):23-37. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1501-4 Williamson P and ... "Assessing Decision Support Systems and Levels of Confidence to Narrow the Climate Information "Usability Gap"." Climatic Change ...
In some climatic environments azonal geomorphologic processes may take distinct characteristics. For example, river activity is ... Climatic geomorphology French, Hugh M. (2007). "Azonal Processes and Landforms". The Periglacial Environment (3rd ed.). John ... In geography, azonal is an adjective that refers to processes or things that are not restricted to any climate zone. It can be ... used to describe soils, landforms, geomorphic processes or vegetation. ...
Karátson, Dávid; Thouret, Jean-Claude; Moriya, Ichio; Lomoschitz, Alejandro (1999). "Erosion calderas: origins, processes, ... structural and climatic control". Bulletin of Volcanology. 61 (3): 174-193. Bibcode:1999BVol...61..174K. doi:10.1007/ ... "Amphibole perspective to unravel pre-eruptive processes and conditions in volcanic plumbing systems beneath intermediate arc ...
The National Climatic Data Center. 1995. Retrieved March 6, 2010. "Land Issues Within the Repatriation Process of Afghan ... Agency for International Development was in the process of spending $30 million in an attempt to increase agricultural ... "Operation Climatic Data Summary for Bust, Afghanistan". ...
Climate-related research on oceanography; atmospheric boundary layer processes, clouds and radiation; the chemical composition ... modelling support and policy support to the Dutch Government with respect to climate and climatic change. Seismological ... of the atmosphere (e.g. ozone); climate variability research; the analysis of climate, climate variability and climatic change ...
Coops, Nicholas C.; Waring, Richard H. (March 2011). "A process-based approach to estimate lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl ... distribution in the Pacific Northwest under climate change". Climatic Change. 105 (1-2): 313-328. Bibcode:2011ClCh..105..313C. ...
"Structural and Process History of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change". Climatic Change. 39 (4): 621-642. doi:10.1023 ... This is a process in which companies spend billions of dollars a year and it is meant to convey information about a product, ... Other approaches include the collaborative assessment of a topic by a group of experts, this process can produce reviews such ... Bandwagon cues triggers credibility processing based on the logic that "if others think it's good, so should I. Jürgen Habermas ...
ISBN 978-2-8317-1435-6. Coops, Nicholas C.; Waring, Richard H. (19 August 2010). "A process-based approach to estimate ... lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) distribution in the Pacific Northwest under climate change". Climatic Change. 105 (1-2 ...
Water also evaporates through the leaves of the plants in the feature and back to the atmosphere, which is a process known as ... It is important to plant a wide variety of species so the rain garden is functional during all climatic conditions. It is ... This process of cleaning up polluted soils and stormwater is called phytoremediation. Healthy Waterways Raingardens Program ... Plants take up some of the nutrients for use in their growth processes, or for mineral storage. Dissolved chemical substances ...
... climatic climax). The processes of succession and modification of environment overcome the effects of differences in topography ... The life or growth forms indicate the climatic type. Climatic Climax If there is only a single climax and the development of ... Climatic factors may be very important, but on a much longer time-scale than any other. Changes in temperature and rainfall ... Climatic climax is theoretical and develops where physical conditions of the substrate are not so extreme as to modify the ...
Convergent response to climatic and tectonic drivers, in, Nichols, G., Williams, E., and Paola, C., eds., Sedimentary Processes ... Tectonic-climatic interaction Leeder, M.R., and Mack, G.M., 2002, Basin-fill incision, Rio Grande and Gulf of Corinth rifts: ... Tectonic uplift and climatic factors interact as a positive feedback system, where each forcing mechanism drives the other. One ... At a glimpse in geologic time, one of these forcing mechanisms may look to be the dominant process. Observations made on long ...
Continue this process until the banku is finished from the deep stainless steel saucepan. It can be served with soup, stew or ... This takes between two to five days depending on climatic temperatures. Mix the corn dough and cassava dough in the deep ... The next stage in the preparation process is the fermentation of the dough. ...
She enjoyed watching scientists from the Climatic Research Unit on BBC Horizon. Barclay studied geology at the University of ... She moved to Bristol for her doctoral degree, and studied degassing processes in silicic volcanoes. During her postdoctoral ... Her research combines geological investigations into the dynamic processes of volcanoes with analysis of the social and ...
... The climatic significance of rock glaciers Permafrost and Periglacial Processes. October/December 1998. Ole Humlum ...
Climatic changes due to internal variability sometimes occur in cycles or oscillations. For other types of natural climatic ... Climate variability can also occur due to internal processes. Internal unforced processes often involve changes in the ... A related term, climatic change, was proposed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1966 to encompass all forms of ... The exchange of CO 2 between the air and the ocean can also be impacted by further aspects of climatic change. These and other ...
Hydrological Process. 26 (18): 2782-2790. doi:10.1002/hyp.8315. "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for ... In 1971-1972, archaeologists in Ba Vì and Đông Anh discovered pebbles with traces of carving and processing by human hands that ... The signature dishes at these restaurant are those containing processed ant-eggs, often in the culinary styles of Thai people ... Duggan, Stephen (2001). "Educational Reform in Viet Nam: A Process of Change or Continuity?". Comparative Education. 37 (2): ...
Aagaard, Troels; Sørensen, Per (2012-01-02). "Coastal profile response to sea level rise: a process-based approach". Earth ... Zhang, Keqi; Douglas, Bruce C.; Leatherman, Stephen P. (May 2004). "Global Warming and Coastal Erosion". Climatic Change. 64 (1 ... Ranasinghe, Roshanka; Stive, Marcel J. F. (2009-05-16). "Rising seas and retreating coastlines". Climatic Change. 97 (3-4): 465 ... Climatic Change. 84 (2): 141-166. doi:10.1007/s10584-006-9200-9. Grilli, Annette; Spaulding, Malcolm L.; Oakley, Bryan A.; ...
Process and form in geomorphology. London: Routledge. Stoddart, D.R. 1994. Theory and reality: the success and failure of the ... The decline in interest and status of the discipline of climatic geomorphology was in part indebted to a 1969 publication of ... Stoddart criticized climatic geomorphology for applying supposedly "trivial" methodologies in establishing landform differences ... Attoll Research Bulletin 494(12) Goudie, A.S. (2004). "Climatic geomorphology". In Goudie, A.S. (ed.). Encyclopedia of ...
Periglacial Processes and Environments. St. Martin's Press, New York, pp. 1-2, 100-147. Mellon, M. 1997. Small-scale polygonal ... Mantle may be composed of ice and dust that fell from the sky during past climatic conditions. Location is Cebrenia quadrangle ... This cracking of ice-rich ground is predicted based on physical processes. Another type of surface is called "brain terrain" as ... High latitude patterned grounds on Mars: Classification, distribution and climatic control. Icarus 174, 336-359. Marchant, D., ...
Climatic Summary of Snowfall and Snow Depth in the Ohio Snowbelt at Chardon. Archived April 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine ... Moisture is gradually removed from the air by this process, leaving drier and warmer air on the descending, or leeward, side. ... Snowmaking is a relatively expensive process in its energy consumption, thereby limiting its use. Ski wax enhances the ability ... Snow science addresses how snow forms, its distribution, and processes affecting how snowpacks change over time. Scientists ...
Hydrological Processes 25, 2837-2845. Marder, O., Yeshurun, R., Lupu, R., Bar-Oz, G., Belmaker, M., Porat, N., Ron, H., and ... Frumkin, A., Magaritz, M., Carmi, I. and Zak, I., 1991, The Holocene climatic record of the salt caves of Mount Sedom, Israel: ... Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 42 1820-1832. Ezersky, M.G. and Frumkin, A., 2017. Evaluation and mapping of Dead Sea ... Old and recent processes in a warm and humid desert hypogene cave: 'A'rak Na'asane, Israel. International Journal of Speleology ...
These measures can also be used to derive hydrological parameters that reflect flow/erosion processes. Climatic parameters are ... Tectonic processes such as orogenies and uplifts cause land to be elevated, whereas erosional and weathering processes wear the ... These processes are also codependent, however the full range of their interactions is still a topic of debate. Land surface ... Erosional processes: glacial, water, wind, chemical and gravitational (mass movement); such as landslides, downhill creep, ...
and from historical processes that split populations or species into different areas. The biogeographic processes that result ... Atmospheric and Climatic Importance of Vegetation Fires. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-93604-6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 ... and chemical processes. Because of these processes, wetlands play a vital role in global nutrient and element cycles. Cronk & ... The process and concept of ecosystem engineering are related to niche construction, but the former relates only to the physical ...
The complex processes of dissolution and sedimentation of limestone require specific climatic preconditions. These have only ... These climatic conditions prevail due to the Velebit mountain range, which acts as a climatic separator between the coastal ... though diverging tufa formation processes prevail. Calc-sinter formation processes that have not emerged along a river flow can ... A unique process occurring at the Plitvice Lakes, however, is the sedimentation of water-bound chalk at certain places. With ...
The Processes of the Ocean's Biological Pump and CO2 Sequestration - Jun Nishioka, 2002. Open Ocean Iron Fertilization for ... Previous instances of biological carbon sequestration triggered major climatic changes, lowering the temperature of the planet ... Cao, Long; Caldeira, Ken (2010). "Can ocean iron fertilization mitigate ocean acidification?". Climatic Change. 99 (1-2): 303- ...
Climatic conditions at this time were warm and vegetation thrived. Vegetable debris in the Antrim Depression formed deposits of ... The warm conditions produced high rainfall that accelerated processes of erosion and the formation of karstic landscape forms. ...
Evolutionary processes, dispersal limitation and climatic history shape current diversity patterns of European dragonflies ... integrating climatic and evolutionary history with contemporary ecological data can improve our understanding of the processes ... glacial recolonization/dispersal in concert with the climatic history of the continent. The complex diversity patterns of ...
Climatic constraints on the nitrogen cycle can explain biome-scale differences in the abundance of nitrogen fixing trees, ... in the abundance of nitrogen fixers can be explained by the interaction between individual plant strategies and climatic ... Principles of Information Processing and Natural Learning in Biological Systems *Predrag Slijepcevic ... Biome-scale nitrogen fixation strategies selected by climatic constraints on nitrogen cycle. *Efrat Sheffer. 1,2, ...
Progamic processes and temperature. Processes occurring during flowering are especially vulnerable to changes of environmental ... We could show that mountain plants show a wide optimum temperature range for progamic processes which is consistent with the ... Pollen tube growth and pistil receptivity of high mountain plants under extreme climatic conditions. Flower longevity. At ... Most progamic processes worked from near freezing temperatures up to 30°C. ...
Humlum, O. (1998). The climatic significance of rock glaciers. Permafrost Periglac. Process. 9, 375-395. ... Secondly, inactivity can be due both to deteriorated climatic conditions or reduced sediment supply (climatic vs. dynamic ... We encourage further research to characterize the related climatic controls.. Author Contributions. KS led the design of the ... Establishing the underlying climatic controls would require physical models that include all energy fluxes above maritime ...
Remote sensing (RS) has been serving as an important tool in providing and assessing a variety of potential climatic/ ... This review focuses on the utilization of RS-driven climatic/environmental variables in determining malaria transmission in SSA ... We identified thirty-five peer-reviewed articles that studied the relationship between remotely-sensed climatic variable(s) and ... We stress that the utilization of RS in determining reliable malaria transmission predictors and climatic/environmental ...
... systems deposited during the Oligocene and Miocene in the context on climatic and Earth surfaces processes focusing on climatic ... Carbonate Systems During the Olicocene-Miocene Climatic Transition. Buy this book from:. *Amazon ... processes and environmental parameters (including water temperature and production depth profiles); carbonate producers and ... us to re-evaluate the significance of these carbonate systems in the context of changes in climate and Earth surface processes ...
Some Impacts of Desertification Processes on the Local and Regional Climate. Pages 717-721 ... Climatic variability was the subject of the first Course, in that climatic changes represent one of the most exciting ... Climatic Variations and Variability: Facts and Theories. Book Subtitle. NATO Advanced Study Institute First Course of the ... Climatic Variations and Variability: Facts and Theories. NATO Advanced Study Institute First Course of the International School ...
Cattanéo F, Lamouroux N, Breil P, Capra H (2002) The influence of hydrological and biotic processes on brown trout (Salmo ... Climate change Trout Streamflow Temperature Ecology Climatic variation Electronic supplementary material. The online version of ... Hari RE, Livingstone DM, Siber R, Burkhardt HP, Guettinger H (2006) Consequences of climatic change for water temperature and ... Ockendon N, Baker DL, Carr JA et al (2014) Mechanisms underpinning climatic impacts on natural populations: altered species ...
2005). "Chapter 1 Climatic geomorphology". Developments in Earth Surface Processes. 8. pp. 3-32. doi:10.1016/S0928-2025(05) ... Internal processes and forcings[edit]. The Earths climate system involves the atmosphere, biosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, ... Within climatic geomorphology one approach is to study relict landforms to infer ancient climates.[5] Being often concerned ... Knowledge of precise climatic events decreases as the record goes back in time, but some notable climate events are known: * ...
... our results question the common belief that the Hurst effect necessarily implies a stationary infinite memory process. We also ... and is typically assumed to be produced by a stationary stochastic process which has infinite memory. However, infinite memory ... Lorenz, E. N. Nondeterministic theories of climatic change. Quat. Res. 6, 495-506 (1976). ... self-similar scaling processes, aggregation of short-range dependent stochastic processes, turbulence or the distributional ...
The intensity of these variations is mainly dependent on climatic conditions. ... Geoff Pocock, Managing Director and Founder of the Hazer Group talks to AZoCleantech about how the Hazer Process is producing ... The intensity of these variations is mainly dependent on climatic conditions.. A view of Kilimanjaro, with the maize fields at ... Increasing Land Use and Severe Climatic Conditions Adversely Impact Biodiversity and Ecosystems. *Download PDF Copy ...
Climatic and pollution influences on ecosystem processes in northern hardwood forests. The Michigan gradient study was ... Understanding Customer Product Choices: A Case Study Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. The Analytical Hierarchy Process ( ... Four intensively-monitored northern hardwood study sites are located along a climatic and pollutant gradient extending from ... established in 1987 to examine the effects of climate and atmospheric deposition on forest productivity and ecosystem processes ...
Reconsidering the process for bow-stave removal from juniper trees in the Great Basin. We question the growth arrestment ... Recruitment patterns and growth of high-elevation pines in response to climatic variability (1883-2013), in the western Great ... Mechanistic processes that shape the ecotone seed rain, seed germination, seedling establishment and subsequent tree growth ... climatic water deficit, and warming. Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) in subalpine zones of eastern California ...
ENERGY-2007-8.1-03 - Manufacturing and process industries: Innovative energy efficient manufacturing processes ... Novel climatic chamber with an Innovative, energy-saving Nano-Aerosol Humidificaction System for the manufacture of high quaity ... Specific aim of this project is the development and demonstration of a novel marketable climatic chamber with an innovative, ...
The changing nature of climatic factors has different impacts on agriculture based areas, periods and crops. Farmers are the ... In the study area in Malaysia, climatic changes have adverse impacts on farmers. Due to climatic change, productivity and ... Climatic Change and the Socioeconomic Sustainability of the Paddy Farmers in Malaysia. Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Talib, B., and ... Keywords: Climatic Change; Income Equality, Health Hazard; Agriculture; Paddy; Malaysia. Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation ...
The changing natures of climatic factors have different impacts on agriculture based on areas, periods and crops. Farmers are ... In the study area in Malaysia, climatic changes have adverse impacts on farmers. Due to climatic change productivity and ... Keywords: Climatic Change; Income Equality, Health Hazard; Agriculture; Paddy; Malaysia. Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation ... Socioeconomic Impacts of Climatic Change on Paddy Cultivation: An Empirical Investigation in Malaysia. Journal of Knowledge ...
Lohmann, U. (2009) Marine Boundary Layer Clouds, in Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Processes (eds C. L. Quéré and E. S. ...
Fundamental Land Surface Processes: 9 credits of fundamental land surface processes chosen as follows:. GEOG 321. (3). Climatic ... Geological processes produce resources humans depend on, and they also determine the fate of wastes in the environment. ... Understanding Earths geologic processes provides us with the knowledge to.... For more information, see Major Environment - ... They will acquire, as well, a solid background in the biological processes taking place in water bodies. Those electing the ...
Rainfall-runoff process is, after all, a stochastic process, which implies randomness. In addition, the length of calibration ... Analysis of low flow indices under varying climatic conditions in Poland Marzena Osuch Marzena Osuch ... Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to Analysis of low flow indices under varying climatic conditions in Poland ... The analyses were carried out for eight catchments in Poland (Figure 1) with different hydro-climatic conditions. Four of the ...
Climatic geomorphology is the study of the role of climate in shaping landforms and the earth-surface processes. An approach ... The following year climatic geomorphology was criticized in a 1969 review article by process geomorphologist D.R. Stoddart. The ... 2005). "Chapter 1 Climatic geomorphology". Developments in Earth Surface Processes. 8. pp. 3-32. doi:10.1016/S0928-2025(05) ... However, only some processes and landforms can be associated with particular climates, meaning that they are zonal; processes ...
Adequate knowledge of climatic change over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) with an average elevation of more than 4000 m above sea ... Cloud feedback process in a GCM - Wetherald, Manabe - 1988 3. Recent warming as recorded in the Qinghai-Tibet cryosphere. ... Climatic and hydrologic changes - Aizen, Aizen, et al. - 1997 6. Enhanced climate change and its detection over the Rocky ... Contemporary Climatic Variations o6er the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet - Tang, Cheng, et al. - 1998 (Show Context) Citation Context ...
Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve.... Im Focus: Paradigm shift in Paris: Encouraging an ... A result that can be "vitally important to determine if the present climatic change is due to a natural period or, on the ... The characteristics of the vegetation that inhabited Earth 21 million years ago can be vital to get to know climatic evolution ... From the remains of pollen it has also been possible to characterize a climatic latitudinal gradient in the southwest of Europe ...
Regardless the final results, archaeological evidence will be required to link climatic and ecological events with cultural ... to obtain an island-wide perspective of spatio-temporal deforestation patterns in relation to climatic shifts and human ... to obtain an island-wide perspective of spatio-temporal deforestation patterns in relation to climatic shifts and human ... VR: Conceived and wrote the paper; EM: Did the age-depth model; IS and WD: Processed and analyzed samples; VR, NC-B, OM, SP-R, ...
... processes, patterns, and potential for ecosystem restoration - Volume 44 Issue 4 - JAMIE R. WOOD, JOSEP A. ALCOVER, TIM M. ... Heaney, L.R. (1991) A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia. Climatic Change 19: 53-61. ... Island extinctions: processes, patterns, and potential for ecosystem restoration. Part of: *Humans and Island Environments ... While some extinctions have been caused by climatic and environmental change, most have been caused by anthropogenic impacts. ...
EE 142 Introduction to Beach & Shoreline Processes Coastal processes, including tidal currents, wave action, longshore ... past climates and climatic change, and the impact of climatic variations on society. Scientific Inquiry I , Quantitative ... EE 142 Introduction to Beach & Shoreline Processes Coastal processes, including tidal currents, wave action, longshore ... past climates and climatic change, and the impact of climatic variations on society. ...
Article Processing Charges Open Access Policy Institutional Open Access Program Editorial Process Awards Research and ... Article Processing Charges Pay an Invoice Open Access Policy Contact MDPI Jobs at MDPI ... Régnière, J. A process-oriented model of spruce budworm phenology (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 1982, 114, 811-825 ... Under current climatic conditions (1981-2010), our model predicts high annual population growth rates of M. trachynotus in the ...
Climatic controls of hydrologic extremes in south-central Rocky Mountains of Colorado, U.S.A. ... Fine-scale processes regulate the response of extreme events to global climate change. Noah S. Diffenbaugh, Jeremy S. Pal, ... Floodplain biogeochemical processing of floodwaters in the Atchafalaya River Basin during the Mississippi River flood of 2011 ... Comparing statistical post-processing of regional and global climate scenarios for hydrological impacts assessment: A case ...
Distribution of climatic humidity/aridity. Jpn J Ecol 26:157-164Google Scholar ... Burrows CJ (1990) Processes of vegetation change. Unwin Hyman, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... In: Johnson EA, Miyanishi K (eds) Plant disturbance ecology: the process and the response. Academic Press, New York, pp 441-485 ... In: Johnson EA, Miyanishi K (eds) Plant disturbance ecology: the process and the response. Academic Press, New York, pp 397-439 ...
climatic testing. To prove Mountain Buggies can handle anything, we test plastic components of our strollers in temperatures ... innovative engineering processes and a vigorous testing programme that includes exceeding all mandatory tests for worldwide ...
  • While some extinctions have been caused by climatic and environmental change, most have been caused by anthropogenic impacts. (cambridge.org)
  • The changing nature of climatic factors has different impacts on agriculture based areas, periods and crops. (ssrn.com)
  • In the study area in Malaysia, climatic changes have adverse impacts on farmers. (ssrn.com)
  • All efforts of mitigation and adaptation must be pursued to counter the adverse impacts of climatic changes and increase the productivity of paddy cultivation in the area. (ssrn.com)
  • The changing natures of climatic factors have different impacts on agriculture based on areas, periods and crops. (ssrn.com)
  • Some are land-based phenomena or processes with impacts on radiative balance (e.g., snow and ice feedbacks and feedbacks involving surface albedo and temperature, or snow cover and soil moisture). (nap.edu)
  • We could show that mountain plants show a wide optimum temperature range for progamic processes which is consistent with the high temporal variability as a result of large diurnal variations in site temperatures. (uibk.ac.at)
  • Iddrisu, W. , Appiah, S. , Abdul-Mumin, K. and Abdul-Samed, A. (2020) Modelling the Impact and Effects of Climatic Variability on Electricity Energy Consumption in the Yendi Municipality of Ghana. (scirp.org)
  • This study seeks to explore the impact and effects of climatic variability on electricity energy consumption in the Yendi municipality of Ghana. (scirp.org)
  • We show drastic long-term and large-scale effects of climate variability, e.g., sea surface temperature anomalies, wind intensity, sea level, and climatic indices, on SSFs. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • One recent success includes studies in the Pacific that connect the sea surface temperature variability in this region to large-scale climatic variations. (noaa.gov)
  • However, the extent of these negative changes varies depending on elevation and the associated climatic conditions. (azocleantech.com)
  • The intensity of these variations is mainly dependent on climatic conditions. (azocleantech.com)
  • Topics include the controls of weather and climate, day-to-day variations in weather, severe storms, climates of the world, urban climate and air pollution, past climates and climatic change, and the impact of climatic variations on society. (bu.edu)
  • Progamic processes and temperature. (uibk.ac.at)
  • Processes occurring during flowering are especially vulnerable to changes of environmental conditions including temperature. (uibk.ac.at)
  • Our environmental simulation product range includes Weiss and Vötsch test chambers and rooms for automotive, temperature and climatic, environmental stress screening, corrosion and pharmaceutical stability testing. (theengineer.co.uk)
  • The impulse response of electricity energy consumption to the climatic variables indicates a maximum positive effect of Temperature and Sunshine on electricity energy consumption in March and September respectively. (scirp.org)
  • 7. Hydro-climatic and environmental data - Climate -temperature, rainfall - Hydrology: surface water, groundwater? (slideshare.net)
  • Rainfall and temperature are important climatic inputs for agricultural production, especially in the context of climate change. (hindawi.com)
  • In summary, it is well established that rainfall and temperature are two important climatic factors affecting agricultural production [ 17 - 19 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Farmers perceive that paddy cultivation is no longer profitable due to low productivity as a result of climatic changes. (ssrn.com)
  • Over the last few decades, regional scale warming trends have coincided with the collapse of population cycles across a broad range of taxa, leading to the hypothesis that such collapses are the result of climatic forcing ( 11 , 12 ). (pnas.org)
  • Marine carbon cycle in response to climatic change. (elsevier.com)
  • Atmospheric Circulation and Climatic Change II. (springer.com)
  • Despite increasing concern that climate change may negatively impact trout-a globally distributed group of fish with major economic, ecological, and cultural value-a synthetic assessment of empirical data quantifying relationships between climatic variation and trout ecology does not exist. (springer.com)
  • EE 144 Oceanography Examines the physical, geological, chemical, and biological processes that govern the oceans with a focus on how the ocean is impacted by and also moderates the pace of global change. (bu.edu)
  • Due to climatic change, productivity and profitability of paddy cultivation have declined in the Integrated Agricultural Development Area, North-West Selangor. (ssrn.com)
  • Burrows CJ (1990) Processes of vegetation change. (springer.com)
  • A result that can be "vitally important to determine if the present climatic change is due to a natural period or, on the contrary, it is a consequence of the bad management of man", according to the author of the work, Gonzalo Jiménez Moreno. (innovations-report.com)
  • Production of key greenhouse gases (water vapour, CO2, and methane) is controlled by complex processes operating at the land surface, involving climate change feedbacks that need to be fully understood, given current global warming trends. (mcgill.ca)
  • The processes of industrialization and urbanization change weather and climatic patterns in several different ways. (oneonta.edu)
  • Specifically, I am interested in understanding whether and how animals might respond to ongoing climatic change. (clemson.edu)
  • As per certified cloud security professional (CCSP), change in climatic variables has more noteworthy effects that could change the discernments and valuations of energy innovation options. (scirp.org)
  • Climate Change And The Human Condition: Is It Time To Reconsider Climatic Determinism? (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • They chose global warming and latterly climate change as the dangers imposed, in a modern form of climatic determinism that ignores their belief in evolution. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory for Wetland Ecological Processes and Environmental Change in the Changbai Mountains, Changchun, China. (diva-portal.org)
  • Fischer D , Thomas S M , Neteler M , Tjaden N B , Beierkuhnlein C . Climatic suitability of Aedes albopictus in Europe referring to climate change projections: comparison of mechanistic and correlative niche modelling approaches. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • As future expansion as a result of climate change can be expected, determining the current and projected future climatic suitability of this invasive mosquito in Europe is of interest. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • My research focuses on the use of lipid biomarkers, especially glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) and compound specific isotopes (leaf wax δC and δD), for reconstructing Quaternary environmental and climatic change from a range of locations worldwide. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • Vegetation changes influence soil carbon and nutrient cycling, but the extent to which they change the storage or release of carbon at a landscape scale, and the role that lakes play as carbon processing focal points is currently not well understood. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • During the curing process the green crops lose water, which is, perhaps, the most marked change. (wikisource.org)
  • Over the millennia, the waxing and waning of entire cultures is believed, in part, to be related to regional climatic change. (noaa.gov)
  • Over time, marine biological systems have experienced changes of varying magnitude due to natural climatic fluctuations. (phys.org)
  • The complex diversity patterns of European dragonflies provide an example of how integrating climatic and evolutionary history with contemporary ecological data can improve our understanding of the processes driving the geographical variation of biological diversity. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve. (innovations-report.com)
  • The program introduces students to the interacting physical and biogeochemical processes at the atmosphere-lithosphere interface, which fashion land surface habitats and determine their biological productivity and response to anthropogenic or natural environmental changes. (mcgill.ca)
  • The sum of the geological, climatic, biological and human factors which lead to the degradation of the physical, chemical and biological potential of lands in arid and semi-arid zones, and endanger biodiversity and the survival of human communities. (fao.org)
  • the process entails a reduction in biological activity and plant biomass, in livestockcarrying potential of land, in agricultural yields and a decline or degradation in man's living conditions. (fao.org)
  • Much of his research is multidisciplinary in nature, including biological, geological, and ecosystem processes. (sc.edu)
  • Global patterns and processes of climatic, geomorphic, biological and soil systems are examined. (hawaii.edu)
  • One distinctive feature is the sparse or lacking vegetation cover, which influences fluvial and slope processes, related to wind and salt activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modeling Climatic Influences on Three Parasitoids of Low-Density Spruce Budworm Populations. (mdpi.com)
  • This is as a result of limited research into factors that influences electricity energy consumption, most importantly, the effects of climatic variables on electricity energy consumption. (scirp.org)
  • Relative to temperate zones the tropics contain areas of high temperatures, high rainfall intensities and high evapotranspiration all of which are climatic features relevant for surface processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In November 2006, higher numbers of rats captured were likely associated with climatic factors, e.g., rainfall and temperatures as rats sought harborage in and around buildings. (ajtmh.org)
  • These fisheries are increasingly threatened by anthropogenic and climatic drivers acting at multiple scales. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • 6. Understanding biogeochemical processes in the Pacific Ocean on the basis of labile components of settling particles (L.P. Gupta, H. Kawahata). (elsevier.com)
  • The Kao record should be compared with other continuous records of the last millennium available for the two other freshwater bodies of the island, Rano Aroi and Rano Raraku, to obtain an island-wide perspective of spatio-temporal deforestation patterns in relation to climatic shifts and human activities. (frontiersin.org)
  • These changes to the Earth's surface have raised many questions about how humans are modifying global climatic patterns. (oneonta.edu)
  • The geographic arrangement of these activities relates to the changes in global climatic patterns. (oneonta.edu)
  • Laboratory experiments addressing the climatic constraints of the mosquito are required for improved modelling results. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Analysis of low flow indices under varying climatic conditions in Poland' and will not need an account to access the content. (iwaponline.com)
  • The distribution of infectious diseases is influenced by the climatic conditions that permit vectors to coexist with humans, by deforestation, by urbanization, and by human interventions ranging from the building of dams to provision of potable water. (mcgill.ca)
  • As described in the scientific journal Nature , ecosystems with harsh climatic conditions at the lower and higher altitudes are most adversely affected by land use. (azocleantech.com)
  • A simulation approach is used to derive daily flows under changing climatic conditions, following RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 emission scenarios. (iwaponline.com)
  • Because of the size, nature, and location of urban places, many scientists have been studying the potential impact of these places on global climatic conditions. (oneonta.edu)
  • Climatic conditions also are important. (britannica.com)
  • The processes of hay-making vary with the crop and climatic conditions. (wikisource.org)
  • The changes can be due to climatic or physiographic conditions. (chegg.com)
  • As the climatic anomalies noted above demonstrate, departures from normal conditions can cause severe disruption, loss of life and substantial economic dislocation. (noaa.gov)
  • Geological processes produce resources humans depend on, and they also determine the fate of wastes in the environment. (mcgill.ca)
  • Climatic and hydrologic changes - Aizen, Aizen, et al. (psu.edu)
  • We identified thirty-five peer-reviewed articles that studied the relationship between remotely-sensed climatic variable(s) and malaria epidemiological data in the SSA sub-regions. (mdpi.com)
  • 13. Methods of estimating plant productivity and CO2 flux in agro-ecosystems - liking measurements, process models and remotely sensed information (Y. Inoue, A. Olioso). (elsevier.com)
  • We conclude that biome-scale differences in the abundance of nitrogen fixers can be explained by the interaction between individual plant strategies and climatic constraints on the nitrogen cycle over evolutionary time. (nature.com)
  • Applied methods range from mechanistic models (e.g. overlay of climatic constraints based on geographic information systems or rather process-based approaches) to correlative niche models. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Production Ecology is the study of ecological processes, with special attention to flows of energy and matter as factors that determine the productivity of ecological systems. (bookdepository.com)
  • The various subbranches of climatic geomorphology focus on specific climatic environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aeolian processes , involving erosion, transportation, and deposition of sediment by the wind, occur in a variety of environments, including the coastal zone, cold and hot deserts, and agricultural fields. (nps.gov)
  • Evolutionary processes, dispersal limitation and climatic history. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • All proposals submitted to the LTREB program are co-reviewed by participating Clusters in the Division of Environmental Biology: Ecosystem Science, Population and Community Ecology, and Evolutionary Processes. (nsf.gov)
  • One is that evolutionary responses in organismal physiology or life history may affect population dynamics and therefore ecological interactions, food web dynamics and ecosystem processes [ 1 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The Michigan gradient study was established in 1987 to examine the effects of climate and atmospheric deposition on forest productivity and ecosystem processes in the Great Lakes region. (usda.gov)
  • Extinctions alter ecological networks, causing ripple effects for islands through the loss of ecosystem processes, functions and interactions between species. (cambridge.org)
  • Reintroduction of extirpated species can help restore ecosystem function and processes, and can be guided by palaeoecology. (cambridge.org)
  • ACPC was jointly initiated by the IGBP (International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme) core projects iLEAPS (Integrated Land Ecosystem Atmosphere - Processes Study) and IGAC (International Global Atmospheric Chemistry project), and the WCRP (World Climate Research Programme) core project GEWEX (Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment). (helsinki.fi)
  • This definition is simplistic, as it does not express clearly the constant interaction between climatic factors and human activities - the latter often being decisive in triggering desertification processes. (fao.org)
  • To use such criteria means considering desertification processes as evolving according to changing human and climatic factors. (fao.org)
  • of climatic, pedological and often, human factors. (fao.org)
  • Human activities are the main factors triggering desertification processes on vulnerable land. (fao.org)
  • 3. Climatic factors. (bookdepository.com)
  • The Granger causality tests employed in this work revealed that aside from Relative Humidity, the end energy consumption is affected by the other four climatic factors under consideration. (scirp.org)
  • As components of the climatic system begin to warm, other factors come into play that amplify or reduce the initial warming. (nap.edu)
  • Factors which increase or amplify (positive feedback) or decrease (negative feedback) the rate of a process. (nasa.gov)
  • It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities. (harvard.edu)
  • Being often concerned about past climates climatic geomorphology considered sometimes to be an aspect of historical geology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The history of the hypothesis of climatic determinism illustrates the fundamental difference between Science and Social Science. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Soil moisture is an important factor for vegetation, including agricultural crops, and through them affects evapotranspiration, surface reflectivity, and other aspects of the climatic system. (nap.edu)
  • Climatic extremes are known to trigger senescence processes. (springer.com)
  • An approach used in climatic geomorphology is to study relict landforms to infer ancient climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, Julius Büdel studied both cold-climate processes in Svalbard and weathering processes in tropical India to understand the origin of the relief of Central Europe, which he argued was a palimpsest of landforms formed at different times and under different climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes and landforms not associated with particular climates are labelled azonal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite this, azonal processes and landforms might still take on particular characteristics when developing under the influence of particular climates. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such this scheme is concerned not only with processes but also with end-products of geomorphic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Understanding Earth's geologic processes provides us with the knowledge to. (mcgill.ca)
  • Through the processes of deforestation and desertification, humans are modifying the Earth's land surface and changing the nature of how much solar energy is being absorbed. (oneonta.edu)
  • Some of these are atmospheric phenomena or processes directly affecting the earth's radiative balance (e.g., water vapor feedbacks and cloud feedbacks). (nap.edu)
  • 2010. Inter-comparison of hydro-climatic regimes across Northern catchments: synchronicity, resistance and resilience. (ualberta.ca)
  • The impulse response was used to ascertain the active interaction among electricity energy consumption and the climatic variables. (scirp.org)
  • Earth Scientists have combined to form active groups within the wider community of solid state and materials scientists working towards a better understanding of those physical processes which govern not only the behaviour of simple model compounds but also that of complex materials like minerals. (exlibris.ch)
  • Because there is a considerable time lag between climatic shifts and elevational changes in timberline, this would result in a reduction or cessation of the LBM outbreak phenomenon, because the resource biomass is greatly reduced as the timberline is approached. (pnas.org)
  • Aeolian processes are responsible for the emission and/or mobilization of dust and the formation of areas of sand dunes. (nps.gov)
  • This section provides a brief introduction to aeolian processes and landforms and their deposits. (nps.gov)
  • 1999) provide a good short overview of aeolian processes in general. (nps.gov)
  • These results indicate that the distributions of dragonfly species in Europe were shaped by both phylogenetic conservatism of thermal adaptations and differences between lentic and lotic species in the ability of post‐glacial recolonization/dispersal in concert with the climatic history of the continent. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Different species, however, respond to changes in climatic variables in different ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many kinds of vegetables can be processed, there are marked varietal differences within each species in adaptability to a given method. (britannica.com)
  • Climatic controls on species-specific leaf wax hydrogen and carbon isotopes in subtropical Australia. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • The characteristics of the vegetation that inhabited Earth 21 million years ago can be vital to get to know climatic evolution in the last million years and the causes for these changes. (innovations-report.com)
  • But even though hurricanes can be very destructive, anomalies on climatic scales can bring devastation that equals, or even exceeds, that of hurricanes. (noaa.gov)
  • The cost of production per unit area of land and per ton is usually less for processing crops than for the same crops grown for market because raw material appearance is not a major quality factor in processing. (britannica.com)
  • We stress that the utilization of RS in determining reliable malaria transmission predictors and climatic/environmental monitoring variables would require a tailored approach that will have cognizance of the geographical/climatic setting, the stage of malaria elimination continuum, the characteristics of the RS variables and the analytical approach, which in turn, would support the channeling of intervention resources sustainably. (mdpi.com)
  • Bogosian V III, EC Hellgren, MW Sears, RW Moody (2012) High resolution niche models via a correlative approach: comparing and combining correlative and process-based information. (clemson.edu)
  • This often requires climate scientists, resource managers, and decision-makers to work collaboratively throughout the research processes, an approach to knowledge development that is often called "coproduction of knowledge. (ametsoc.org)
  • Least well-understood are phenomena or processes that involve the biosphere (e.g., evaporation and transpiration). (nap.edu)
  • Analysis of these data should generate new questions, on the same phenomena or processes, that cannot be answered with the existing core data, require ten years of additional data to be answered, and that therefore provide the focus of the LTREB project. (nsf.gov)
  • 1984) indicate that there is a critical need for sound parametric expressions for evaporation and related land surface processes over areas with typical length scales of hundreds of kilometers. (nap.edu)
  • Recent major advances in the understanding and time-resolution of climate events taking place at this time, as well as the proliferation of studies on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate systems, invite us to re-evaluate the significance of these carbonate systems in the context of changes in climate and Earth surface processes. (wiley.com)
  • This review focuses on the utilization of RS-driven climatic/environmental variables in determining malaria transmission in SSA. (mdpi.com)
  • This study presents data obtained from 11 eutrophic lakes and suggests a model describing the consumption of dissolved oxygen (O 2 ) in the hypolimnia of eutrophic lakes as a result of only two fundamental processes: O 2 is consumed (i) by settled organic material at the sediment surface and (ii) by reduced substances diffusing from the sediment. (eawag.ch)
  • Since the revolutionary discoveries of global processes such as plate tectonics, there has been an increasing awareness of just how fundamental many of the mechanisms which dominate in these processes depend on the physical properties of the materials of which the earth is made. (exlibris.ch)
  • Recent developments in process understanding, modeling, and observational capabilities make it now possible to address long-standing and fundamental questions in this field. (helsinki.fi)
  • My interests span the coastal zone, from seacliff erosional processes to sediment dynamics in the shallow coastal ocean. (usgs.gov)
  • Tropical geomorphology do mainly differ from other areas in the intensities and rates at which surface processes operate, and not by the type of processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, it seems important to state that, in certain parts of the world, desertification processes (land degradation) operate in the absence of human activities, where such activities are negligible because of low population density. (fao.org)
  • and external forcing functions such as climatic cycles that operate over long return intervals. (nsf.gov)
  • Desert geomorphology or the geomorphology of arid and semi-arid lands shares many landsforms and processes with more humid regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Goudie and Middleton (2006) provide an excellent review of desert dust processes, while Goudie et al. (nps.gov)
  • The natural recurring drought processes, which may be caused by global climatic changes that are difficult to evaluate, may lead to land degradation, thus endangering the peoples in and around those areas, or preventing future land use. (fao.org)
  • The Hurst effect is frequently taken to be synonymous with Long-Range Dependence (LRD) and is typically assumed to be produced by a stationary stochastic process which has infinite memory. (nature.com)
  • As a first measure, FAO recommends that countries some 99 according to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - with arid, semi-arid and dry subhumid lands prone to desertification be encouraged to tackle these processes, which affect nearly one thousand million human beings living on 35-40 million km 2 or about 30 percent of the world's land surface. (fao.org)
  • First it is advisable to state that desertification as previously defined can only occur on land prone to desertification processes. (fao.org)
  • Accurate modeling of multivariate weather distributions would allow farmers to make better decisions for reducing their exposure to weather risk or take advantage of favorable climatic relationships [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Four intensively-monitored northern hardwood study sites are located along a climatic and pollutant gradient extending from southern lower Michigan to northwestern upper Michigan. (usda.gov)
  • Climatic geomorphology is the study of the role of climate in shaping landforms and the earth-surface processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mange av disse er fritt tilgjengelig på nett, blant annet vårt vitenskapelige tidsskrift « Polar Research » og en del rapporter. (npolar.no)
  • This research work explores the causal connection between climatic variables and electricity energy consumption, and develops a Vector Auto Regression (VAR) model to determine the influence of the climatic variables in forecasting electricity energy consumption in Yendi Municipality in the northern region of Ghana. (scirp.org)
  • To address this need, some researchers have increasingly focused on approaches that involve the end users of research in a collaborative or "coproduced" research process. (ametsoc.org)
  • However, the basic physical, chemical and physiological processes will be the same. (bookdepository.com)