Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Desert Climate: A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Hydrology: Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Human Activities: Activities performed by humans.Climatic Processes: Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.FiresWater Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Reindeer: A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Baltic States: The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Earth (Planet): Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.North AmericaSoil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Atlantic OceanPopulation Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Marine Biology: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Agricultural Irrigation: The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Meteorology: The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Spheniscidae: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Malta: An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.El Nino-Southern Oscillation: El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)EuropeGreenlandOceanography: The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)Uncertainty: The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.Phytoplankton: Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Coral Reefs: Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.North SeaCarbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Adaptation, Biological: Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Wetlands: Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Foraminifera: An order of amoeboid EUKARYOTES characterized by reticulating pseudopods and a complex life cycle with an alternation of generations. Most are less than 1mm in size and found in marine or brackish water.Extreme Heat: High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.Hares: The genus Lepus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Hares are born above ground, fully furred, and with their eyes and ears open. In contrast with RABBITS, hares have 24 chromosome pairs.Pacific OceanOxygen Isotopes: Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.South AmericaDemography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Euphausiacea: An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.Animal DiseasesAbies: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.Carbon Cycle: The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.Heat Stress Disorders: A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.Communicable DiseasesPredatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.Amphibians: VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Spatio-Temporal Analysis: Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.Indian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)Aquatic Organisms: Organisms that live in water.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Biota: The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.Pinus: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.Tibet: An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Quercus: A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Ericaceae: The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.AfricaIce: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Volcanic Eruptions: The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Mytilus: A genus of marine mussels in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. The species MYTILUS EDULIS is the highly edible common mussel.Zooplankton: Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Microclimate: The climate of a very small area.Tidal Waves: Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Betula: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.Maps as Topic: Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Solar Activity: Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Odonata: An order of insects comprising three suborders: Anisoptera, Zygoptera, and Anisozygoptera. They consist of dragonflies and damselflies.Passeriformes: A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Organizational Culture: Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Larix: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta.Carbon Sequestration: Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.Eutrophication: The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.Picea: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.Mediterranean SeaCivilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.AlaskaCoffea: A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. It is best known for the COFFEE beverage prepared from the beans (SEEDS).Pacific States: The geographic designation for states bordering on or located in the Pacific Ocean. The states so designated are Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. (U.S. Geologic Survey telephone communication)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Ecological and Environmental Phenomena: Ecological and environmental entities, characteristics, properties, relationships and processes.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)

Shifts in phenology due to global climate change: the need for a yardstick. (1/1431)

Climate change has led to shifts in phenology in many species distributed widely across taxonomic groups. It is, however, unclear how we should interpret these shifts without some sort of a yardstick: a measure that will reflect how much a species should be shifting to match the change in its environment caused by climate change. Here, we assume that the shift in the phenology of a species' food abundance is, by a first approximation, an appropriate yardstick. We review the few examples that are available, ranging from birds to marine plankton. In almost all of these examples, the phenology of the focal species shifts either too little (five out of 11) or too much (three out of 11) compared to the yardstick. Thus, many species are becoming mistimed due to climate change. We urge researchers with long-term datasets on phenology to link their data with those that may serve as a yardstick, because documentation of the incidence of climate change-induced mistiming is crucial in assessing the impact of global climate change on the natural world.  (+info)

Protistan diversity in the Arctic: a case of paleoclimate shaping modern biodiversity? (2/1431)

BACKGROUND: The impact of climate on biodiversity is indisputable. Climate changes over geological time must have significantly influenced the evolution of biodiversity, ultimately leading to its present pattern. Here we consider the paleoclimate data record, inferring that present-day hot and cold environments should contain, respectively, the largest and the smallest diversity of ancestral lineages of microbial eukaryotes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We investigate this hypothesis by analyzing an original dataset of 18S rRNA gene sequences from Western Greenland in the Arctic, and data from the existing literature on 18S rRNA gene diversity in hydrothermal vent, temperate sediments, and anoxic water column communities. Unexpectedly, the community from the cold environment emerged as one of the richest observed to date in protistan species, and most diverse in ancestral lineages. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This pattern is consistent with natural selection sweeps on aerobic non-psychrophilic microbial eukaryotes repeatedly caused by low temperatures and global anoxia of snowball Earth conditions. It implies that cold refuges persisted through the periods of greenhouse conditions, which agrees with some, although not all, current views on the extent of the past global cooling and warming events. We therefore identify cold environments as promising targets for microbial discovery.  (+info)

Cryptic biodiversity in a changing world. (3/1431)

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Islands in the sky: the impact of Pleistocene climate cycles on biodiversity. (4/1431)

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Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest. (5/1431)

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Climate change and respiratory disease: European Respiratory Society position statement. (6/1431)

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Australia's dengue risk driven by human adaptation to climate change. (7/1431)

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Climate change and sexual size dimorphism in an Arctic spider. (8/1431)

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*World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Climate Change; Ecosystem Assessment; Food Security, Biomass and Biodiversity; Marine Decision and Support; Protected Areas; ...

*Agricultural diversification

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Risk management approaches to address adverse effects of climate change ... Climate change. The type of crop that can be grown is affected by changes in temperatures and the length of the growing season ... Climate change could also modify the availability of water for production. Farmers in several countries, including Canada, ... Changing marketing opportunities. The changing of government policies that control the way in which farmers can link to markets ...

*1837 Racer's hurricane

Climate Change. National Hurricane Center. 76 (1): p. 63. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-9005-2. Retrieved January 19, 2017. CS1 maint ...

*Margerie Glacier

"Climate Change". National Park Service. 2016-01-15. Archived from the original on 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2016-01-15. "History ...

*OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

... marine and climate change issues). Reviews in the 3rd cycle, launched in 2009 enhance policy advice and implementation by ... climate change; energy and environment integration; coastal zone management; nature and biodiversity; waste management. Since ... "OECD REPORT SUPPORTS RUDD LABOR GOVERNMENT'S ACTION ON CLIMATE". Media Man Australia. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2011. " ... bringing about positive change to the environment. Recommendations are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental ...

*Wolfgang Seiler

Climate Change. 1979 Institute of Meteorology and Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU) KIT Research Papers (Harvard ... Academician Francis of Assisi Academy for the Protection of the Earth Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Climate ... Member of the Advisory Board of the German Government's climate (1988-1996) Member of the Expert Group for Global Environmental ...

*Future of Marine Animal Populations

"Changes in marine biodiversity as an indicator of climate and global change". In Letcher T (ed). Climate Change. Observed ... Topics of research have included patterns of species abundance, distribution and diversity, and the effects of climate change, ... Marine ecosystems: Long term changes in marine ecosystems. FMAP team members compiled data on historical changes in the ... climate change and other key variables on those patterns. This work was done across ocean realms and with an emphasis on ...

*Old Weather

Because climate change is a very political issue, interested parties could try to corrupt the data by, say, entering ... "Climate change". Met Office. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2010-11-11. The Zooniverse (2010-10-27). "First fruits:Weather records from ... Ian Simpson (Reuters) (2012). "US Looks to Old Arctic Ship Logs for Climate Change Clues". ScientificAmerican.com. Retrieved ... Data collected by Old Weather has been used by at least five different climate reanalysis projects, including HURDAT, SODA and ...

*Huntly Power Station

A 2006 government report outlining future climate change mitigation and energy policies was seen by the operator as a sign that ... Professor Peter Gluckman (13 August 2009). "Climate change". Office of the Prime Minister's Science Advisory Committee. ...

*Fluorinated gases

Climate Change , US EPA". Epa.gov. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2014-02-19. http://www.epeeglobal.org/epeedocs/internet/docs/ERIE__ ...

*Sally Talbot

"Sally Talbot MLC SHADOW MINISTER FOR ENVIRONMENT; CLIMATE CHANGE; LANDS; YOUTH; PEEL Member for South West Region". Letter of ...

*Jemma Wadham

"Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice , Climate Change". Live Science. Retrieved 31 May 2016. "'Cryo-egg' to ... "Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice , Climate Change". Live Science. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Morales, Alex. " ... "Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice , Climate Change". Live Science. Retrieved 31 May 2016. "Philip ...

*Drylands

The World Atlas of Desertification Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005a). Climate Change. Chapter 13 in: Ecosystems and Human ... life style provides global environmental benefits which contribute to halt climate change, such as carbon sequestration and ... although a number of the world's deserts include both hyper arid and arid climate zones. The UNCCD excludes hyper-arid zones ... evolving structures whose characteristics and dynamic properties depend on many interrelated links between climate, soil, and ...

*Anthropocene

"Climate change driving species out of habitats much faster than expected". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-08. The New York ... This has occurred in part as a result of changing climate, but also in response to farming and fishing, and to the accidental ... "NASA Global Climate Change - Vital Signs of the Planet - Facts - Carbon Dioxide". 7 November 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2016 ... The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change takes the pre-industrial era (chosen as the year 1750) as the baseline related to ...

*Bay of Plenty

"Climate Change". Environment Bay of Plenty. Archived from the original on 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2008-03-03. "Regional Gross ... The Bay of Plenty is a popular holiday destination due to the warm and sunny summer climate and public beaches. The Bay of ... The Bay of Plenty has a temperate, maritime climate, with warm, humid summers and mild winters. It is one of the warmest ... Initial settlements in the region struggled: the climate was ill-suited to sheep farming and the geography was inaccessible, ...

*Naeraberg

... climate change; Geelong Star, retrieved 19 November 2017 "Factory trawler Geelong Star turns off tracking device, fearing ...

*Environmental governance in Brazil

Andrew Reid Bell; Maria Carmen Lemos; Donald Scavia (October 2010). "Cattle, Clean Water, and Climate Change: Policy Choices ... Climate Change. 97: 339-372. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9610-6. Sissell, Kara (September 1997). "ISO 14000 catches on in Brazil". ... "When emergent countries reform global governance of climate change: Brazil under Lula". Revista Brasileira de Política ... with the fact that it hosts some of the world's largest natural resources make it a key player in global climate change ...

*CLAW hypothesis

"The regulation of climate: A sulfate particle feedback loop involving deep convection - An editorial essay". Climate Change. 39 ... The consequence of this will be further climate warming which may lead to even less DMS production (and further climate warming ... whereby a change to the climate system (increased/decreased solar input) is ultimately counteracted and damped by the loop. As ... In his 2006 book The Revenge of Gaia, Lovelock proposed that instead of providing negative feedback in the climate system, the ...

*Environmental groups and resources serving K-12 schools

Climate Change Education provides a portal web site dedicated to global warming education, climate change education, science, ... Terri Eddy (2012-01-27). "Alliance for Climate Education - Free Multimedia Climate Change Assemblies for High Schools - Climate ... They feel that the time has come to act in the face of climate change. They believe that, given the urgency of this incredible ... They were founded in 2007 by pro snowboarder, Jeremy Jones after he had seen first hand the effects of climate change on the ...

*Malcolm Johnson (administrator)

During his first term Johnson has spearheaded increased ITU-T activity in areas including: cybersecurity; climate change; and ...

*Bond event

Weis, Barry (1982). "The decline of Late Bronze Age civilization as a possible response to climatic change". Climate Change. 4 ... However, more recent work has shown that these tracers provide little support for 1,500-year intervals of climate change, and ... 2010). "Late second-early first millennium BC abrupt climate changes in coastal Syria and their possible significance for the ... 2005). "The Holocene Asian Monsoon: Links to Solar Changes and North Atlantic Climate". Science. 308 (5723): 854-857. Bibcode: ...

*Yvo de Boer

New York Times Editorial (21 February 2010). "Climate Change". The New York Times. "Yvo de Boer steps down as UN climate chief ... Since then, de Boer has sought broad stakeholder involvement on the issues of climate change and public policy. To that end, he ... After his UN tenure, de Boer was Global Chairman of Climate Change and Sustainability Services at KPMG. From 2014 to 2016 de ... De Boer has been involved in climate change policies since 1994, most notably helping to prepare the position of the European ...

*1840-49 Atlantic hurricane seasons

Climate Change. National Hurricane Center. 76 (1). doi:10.1007/s10584-005-9005-2. Retrieved September 13, 2014. Ludlum, David M ...

*Majiayao culture

"Climate Change; Researchers from Lanzhou University Describe Findings in Climate Change". The Business of Global Warming. Feb ... Scholars have come to the conclusion that the development of the Majiayao culture was highly related to climate changes. A ... 2013). "The spatiotemporal pattern of the Majiayao cultural evolution and its relation to climate change and variety of ... from Lanzhou University have researched climate changes during the Majiayao culture and the results indicate that the climate ...

*Volkswagen emissions scandal

"Nitrous Oxide Emissions , Climate Change , US EPA". www3.epa.gov. Retrieved 2 October 2015. "ACCC update on VW enforcement ... The Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change have charged Volkswagen AG with one count under the province's Environmental ... Müller stated that the changes would "require us - following the serious setback as a result of the diesel issue - to learn ... Bryant, Chris; Wright, Robert; Sharman, Andy (13 October 2015), "Volkswagen changes diesel technology plan after emissions ...

*2013 Argentina floods

Climate change. (dubious) Lack of environmental awareness. The residues clog the drains. Deforestation in the north areas of ... the urban development without environmental control and climate change. As specific causes can be seen: Absence of waterworks. ... Argentina portal Disasters portal Climate of Argentina "Operario de subte y 7 vecinos, las víctimas fatales" (in Spanish). ...

*Hymenoscyphus fraxineus

Network of Climate Change Risks on Forests (FoRisk): SNS Workshop, Umea, Sweden.: 14-15.. ...

*FERN

... 's climate change campaign aims to ensure that climate policies and international climate agreements address the root ... causes of climate change and deforestation and refuse carbon trading as an unsuitable approach to avert climate chaos and ... These are: illegal logging; forest certification; climate change; export credit agencies; European forests and biodiversity; ... Fern has grown to an organisation with sixteen staff and its area of work has widened to include looking at climate change, ...
The 2012 report entitled BC Agriculture: Climate Change Adaptation, Risk + Opportunity Assessment provides a high level overview of the implications of climate chang for the BC agriculture sector, including the key areas of risk and opportunity and the factors that will influence the industrys ability to adapte and thrive. It will provide a baseline assessment of the potential impacts of climate change across the province for the agriculture sector.
June 13, 2014) US government action can curb the risks climate change poses to global food security, says a new report (PDF) released by The Chicago Council on Global Affairs.. Building on the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change report and National Climate Assessment, The Chicago Councils study explains how higher temperatures, changes in rainfall and natural disasters caused by climate change could undermine food production and put food supplies at risk. In total, climate change could reduce food production growth by 2 percent each decade for the rest of this century.. The report calls on the US government to integrate climate change adaptation into its global food security strategy. Recommendations include:. -Passing legislation for a long-term global food and nutrition security strategy.. -Increasing funding for agricultural research on climate change adaptation. Research priorities should include improving crop and livestock tolerance to higher temperatures and volatile ...
In late June of this year, a major milestone was reached in the National Adaptation Plan process. An inception workshop was held for the "Strengthening the integration of climate change adaptation into development planning in Côte dIvoire" project on 25 and 26 June. It is financed to the tune of USD 2.4 million by the Green Climate Fund and supported by the United Nations Development Programme. The workshop was chaired by His Excellency Joseph Séka Séka - the Minister of Environment - and welcomed 68 participants representing a range of stakeholders. These included sectoral ministries, research and development institutions, universities, the private sector, technical and financial partners, NGOs, local community organizations, as well as women organizations ...
Eventbrite - Melbourne School of Design presents MSD Deans Lecture - Increasing Urban Resilience: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning and Governance - Tuesday, 10 October 2017 at B117 Theatre, Basement, University of Melbourne, VIC. Find event and ticket information.
Cyclone SIDR hit the coastal districts of Bangladesh on November 15, 2007 in the evening when it started crossing the country from northern Bay of Bengal with high tidal surges and strong winds of up to 260 km/hr. This study has been undertaken to assess the severity of the damage caused by SIDR, and identify causes of such cyclonic storms in recent years in order to suggest possible adaptive measures for the coastal people to cope with such situations in the future. The study reveals that both natural and human induced factors are responsible for such devastating catastrophes. The study suggests a number climate change adaptation andmitigation options that can be taken to reduce the severity of damages caused by cyclones in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. These include: developing an early warning system; constructing adequate cyclone shelters and tree plantations in the remote coastal areas; constructing structured and fortified houses and livestock shelters; livelihood diversification; and ...
Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit: The Northern Arizona University Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) established its Tribal Climate Change (TCC) Program in 2009 to provide support and be responsive to the needs of tribes that are preparing for and currently contending with climate change impacts. This program offers training, technical assistance, educational resources, and tools to build the capacity of tribes to address climate change impacts. Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit collection of templates and other resources assists tribes in their climate change adaptation planning process. The Bureau of Indian Affairs Climate Change Program provides annual travel support grants to permit tribes to attend this and other climate trainings and helps fund the TCC program ...
The Global Climate Change Specialist will provide technical support and advice to USAID field missions and bureaus with strategy development, design, performance monitoring and evaluation of USAID-sponsored climate change programs, particularly those related to climate change adaptation and integration. S/he will be responsible for improving indicators, tools, and guidance related to monitoring the results of USAID climate change programs, in particular climate change adaptation and integration programs. The Specialist will provide quality control on performance reporting, help maintain a system of consolidating performance data, and analyze data for management and communications purposes. S/he will coordinate the collection of contextual data relevant to USAID climate change programs. The Specialist will interact regularly with field missions, provide regular updates on performance monitoring guidance to the field, coordinate with other donor agencies, and help improve and deliver training on ...
Dnva.no. This study arises from the concern that changes in weather patterns will be one of the principal effects of climate change and with these will come extreme weather. This is of considerable consequence in Europe as it impacts on the vulnerability of communities across the continent and exposes them to environmental risks. It is now widely recognised that failures in international efforts to agree on the action necessary to limit global climate change mean that adaptation to its consequences is necessary and unavoidable (Solomon et al., 2007).. The changes anticipated in the occurrence and character of extreme weather events are, in many cases, the dominant factor in designing adaptation measures.. Policy communities within the EU have begun to consider appropriate responses to these changes and an EU adaptation strategy is under active development and implementation. There are also sectoral EU initiatives, for example on water shortages and heat waves, and, at a regional level, on ...
Map of the observed surface temperature change from 1901 to 2012 derived from temperature trends determined by linear regression from one dataset (orange line in panel a). Trends have been calculated where data availability permits a robust estimate (i.e., only for grid boxes with greater than 70% complete records and more than 20% data availability in the first and last 10% of the time period). Other areas are white. Grid boxes where the trend is significant at the 10% level are indicated by a + sign. (Graphic from the The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) less ...
Downloadable! Adaptation to the consequences of climate change can depend on efficient use of ecosystem services (ES), i.e. a better use of natural services through management of the way in which they are delivered to society. While much discussion focuses on reducing consumption and increasing production of services, a lack of scientific instruments has so far prevented other mechanisms to improve ecosystem services efficiency from being addressed systematically as an adaptation strategy. This paper describes new methodologies for assessing ecosystem services and quantifying their values to humans, highlighting the role of ecosystem service flow analysis in optimizing the efficiency of ES provision.
Our project will draw on a comprehensive literature review (using WISE), expert/stakeholder workshops, available hydrological and climate models, and ecological and socio-economic databases developed by the organisations collaborating for this proposal (UNSW, CSIRO and Sydney University). This would result in a significant report for Work Package 4: the Macquarie Marshes. Our objectives are to:. • Identify the likely risks, impacts of climate change, adaptation strategies and limits for the ecological and social communities of the Macquarie Marshes through a comprehensive literature review. The ecological community will include waterbirds, vegetation, fish, invertebrates, carbon cycling, woodland birds and frogs. The socio-economic dimension will identify wetland values (ecosystem goods and services), indigenous values, grazing, irrigation and recreation. Adaptation strategies include; migration, environmental flow allocations, water savings, restoration of deep pools, protection of core ...
The impacts of climate change-such as increased droughts or more erratic storms- threaten to undermine decades of development gains and future development trajectories. Many of the main drivers of poverty in developing countries are intertwined with climate change impacts. Thus, supporting countries to adapt to these impacts and prepare for future expected impacts will be essential for advancing sustainable and equitable development.. UNDPs support in climate change adaptation includes integrating information on climate change risks and adaptation options into national and sub-national planning processes and budgets; and promoting and implementing integrated investments on the ground that safeguard livelihoods and protect development from possible impacts.. For example, through UNDP, nearly 10,000 households in Cambodia have been directly supported to strengthen livelihoods resilience against climate change. This has been done by strengthening practices around water harvesting, soil ...
Cities are facing increasing risks caused by extreme climate events, making housing, infrastructure, traffic, health, ecosystems and cultural and historical heritage vulnerable. Continuous climate change is expected to further increase this risk, and thus the need for adequate and timely response of decision makers at all administrative levels. Accordingly, planning adaptation measures has become a high priority for local government authorities and property owners in cities. However, the cost-effective planning of adaptation strategies is very complicated. The integrated assessment of climate events, associated flooding, damage costs and adaptation measures requires multidisciplinary work and close interaction between professionals and decision-makers. Damage cost assessments and adaptation planning also require context-specific data and modelling, which, all together, can be very demanding in the development of solid local adaptation plans for decision-making.. ...
Speakers: Megan Linkin (Swiss Re), Gary Yohe (Wesleyan University), and Christopher Zeppie (The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey)How will cities manage the risks associated with climate change? Join us to learn how experts are developing risk management tools for identifying, assessing, and managing risks posed by climate change.
Growing food could become harder which could lead to a food crisis says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The apex body on climate change science released its report on March 31, 2014 in Yokohama Japan. It paints a very disturbing picture for the years to come. This report-Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability-has been prepared by the Working Group II of the IPCC and details the impacts of climate change that have already occurred, the future risks from a changing climate, and scope of reducing these risks ...
The CaDD software system provides services to generate metrics on organisational and stakeholder capacities across any climate change relevant activity/activities, and at any scale.
Those of us who have hoped for a magical, Big Bang, or global agreement on Climate Change, may feel disappointed at Christiana Figueress (Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) conclusion that we cannot have one. Certainly, the past attempts at Climate Change negotiations among the world powers have been dismal. So much so that were happy countries are still talking to each other about Climate Change at all-regardless of what they say. Progress on Climate Change, according to Figueres, will be incremental. (From Global Meltdown: Christiana Figueres, Climate One.) Incremental progress, a rate comfortable to nations around the world, sounds comforting, until you realize the intractability of this issue. That once-in-a-thousand-year heat wave that hit France in 2003 and killed 15,000 people is predicted by climate models to occur every other year by the 2040s. (Read "The Weather of the Future: Heat Waves, Extreme Storms, and Other Scenes from a ...
Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY
UK - Adaptation measures to help us cope with climate change have the potential to generate further threats for both local and global ecosystems, according to a new study from the University of East Anglia.
Climate change prevents us from being able to predict how and where droughts and floods will occur. Development of alternative water sources can help us adapt.
This Policy Guidance is intended to provide policy makers and practitioners in development co-operation agencies with information and advice on how to mainstream climate change into development.
In Québec, like elsewhere in the world, diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans (zoonoses), which account for about 60% of diseases communicable to humans, are currently emerging. The complex dynamics of zoonoses can be affected by climate change. In response to this complexity, the Observatoire initiated a zoonosis prioritization approach in 2015 in the
The Climate Ready Estuaries program works with the National Estuary Programs (NEP) and the coastal management community to: (1) assess climate change vulnerabilities, (2) develop and implement adaptation strategies, and (3) engage and educate stakeholders. CRE shares NEP examples to help other coastal managers, and provides technical guidance and assistance about climate change adaptation. Estuaries and coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to climate variability and change. CRE seeks to help coastal managers protect ecosystems from projected impacts of sea level rise, increasing temperatures, and other effects. The Climate Ready Estuaries website offers information on climate change impacts to different estuary regions, access to tools and resources to monitor changes, and information to help managers develop adaptation plans for estuaries and coastal communities.. ...
...Regional climate changes can be very rapid. A German-British team of g...The team around Christine Lane (Oxford University) and Achim Brauer fr...But how did the researcher revealed such a accurate time marking? 12 ...Furthermore lake sediments are very accurate climate archives especi...,Rapid,climate,changes,,but,with,a,120,year,time,lag,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
How does climate change affect seed and pollen dispersal, an essential process for plant reproduction? To gain an in-depth understanding, Dr. Céline Born traveled to Marion Island in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean to study Azorella selago, a "keystone" plant species due to its critical importance to ecosystem function. Using the genotyped specimens found on the island, she is studying the impact of wind patterns on pollen dispersal of Azorella. "Our research will be used for the development of a conservation plan for the sub-Antarctic region, which is particularly affected by climate change," she explained. This data will be used to predict colonization of the plant based on various global warming scenarios.. To add or modify information on this page, please contact us at the following address: [email protected] ...
Climate variability and change has been considered to be posing the greatest threat to agriculture and food security in many of the poor, agriculture - based countries in Africa. In recognition of t his, an assessment of climate change impacts on small - scale farmers was conducted in Nyandarua South District to assess the impacts of climate variability and change on the small - scale farmers in the area. The area is nationally known as a high agricultura l potential area producing all year round horticulture produce. Data was obtained through administration of questionnaires, observation and focused group discussions. Through systematic random sampling the researcher administered 375 households questionna ires representing 10% of the total households in the study area. Descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, percentages) and inferential statistics (chi square) were used to produce associations between variables assessed. The results indicate that small - sca le farmers in North Kinangop ...
Future food production is highly vulnerable to both climate change and air pollution with implications for global food security1, 2, 3, 4. Climate change adaptation and ozone regulation have been identified as important strategies to safeguard food production5, 6, but little is known about how climate and ozone pollution interact to affect agriculture, nor the relative effectiveness of these two strategies for different crops and regions. Here we present an integrated analysis of the individual and combined effects of 2000-2050 climate change and ozone trends on the production of four major crops (wheat, rice, maize and soybean) worldwide based on historical observations and model projections, specifically accounting for ozone-temperature co-variation. The projections exclude the effect of rising CO2, which has complex and potentially offsetting impacts on global food supply7, 8, 9, 10. We show that warming reduces global crop production by ,10% by 2050 with a potential to substantially worsen ...
Fresh off the Press: How Climate Change Impacts Water Supply | A new report by the consulting firm Tetra Tech reveals the impact climate change will have on…
The extent of tropical wetlands, the magnitude of loss, and the related socioeconomic ramifications of the destruction of Indonesian wetlands are of global significance. The carbon density and rates of land-cover change in these ecosystems are amongst the highest of any forest type on Earth. Therefo
India is in the midst of its second drought in four years, with rainfall roughly 20 percent below average nationwide. In the nations agricultural areas of the west and north -- the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and Maharashtra, for example -- the situation is far worse. In Punjab -- Indias food basket -- rainfall is 70 percent below average.
The months of January and February are dry in Anseba, but one will not help notice an oasis in Fiza village around the banks of River Anseba. Here, the people are busy in their farms, some preparing the farms for planting, others transferring tomato seedlings from the nursery to the farms, while others are weeding and spraying the almost mature crops. The citrus trees are heavy with fruit, while the mango trees are flowering. At the edge of the farms, Holstein Friesian cattle are grazing, while their calves moo in a distance. A young girl is singing as she tends to a clutch of chicks. Everybody seems to be excited and preoccupied about one activity or another ...
Anthropogenic climate change results from economic activities increasing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane, which increase the heat-trapping capacity of the lower atmosphere, resulting in global warming with surface temperatures and the annual number of dry days and hot nights increasing over time. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),1 a scientific intergovernmental body established in 1988 and tasked with evaluating the risks of anthropogenic climate change, predicts increased frequency and intensity of extreme events (extreme heat, severe storms, droughts, and floods). The global average sea level rose by 1.8±0.5 mm per year between 1961 and 1990 and 3.1±0.7 mm per year from 1993 to 2003 as a result of thermal expansion of ocean water and melting land-based glaciers and icesheets. Precipitation has increased in some regions while decreasing in others.. Mitigation or primary prevention focuses on reduction of GHG emissions and ...
The results of the work by Ko et al,1 combined with past such studies, also have potentially critical relevance to the challenge of climate change that faces all nations of the world. The most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report5 has concluded, in the most definitive terms yet, that global climate change is occurring, stating that: "Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level". The fact that the "man-made" contribution to the climate change pollutants is largely caused by the same activity that causes the air pollution discussed by Ko et al indicates that, if a city, state, or nation acts to reduce the combustion of fossil fuels and the air pollution caused by them, it will reap not only the climate change benefits but also the localised health benefits associated with that reduction in air pollution. ...
5. "Caring for our environment is caring for people." Finally, Hayhoe thinks it is crucial to emphasize to evangelicals that saving the planet is about saving people...not just saving animals. "I think theres this perception," says Hayhoe, "that if an environmentalist were driving down the road…and they saw a baby seal on one side and they saw a human on the other side, they would veer out of the way to avoid the baby seal and run down the human." Thats why its so important, in her mind, to emphasize how climate change affects people (a logic once again affirming the perception that the polar bear was a terrible symbol for global warming). And theres bountiful evidence of this: The just-released Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes "Working Group II" report on climate impacts emphasizes threats to our food supply, a risk of worsening violence in a warming world, and the potential displacement of vulnerable populations. ...
Buy Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America (9781138506862) (9780415720809): An Ecosystem Service Perspective: NHBS - Aline Chiabai, Earthscan
To study the sensitivity of Earths ecological systems to climate change, the scientists used a computer model that predicts the type of plant community that is uniquely adapted to any climate on Earth. This model was used to simulate the future state of Earths natural vegetation in harmony with climate projections from 10 different global climate simulations. These simulations are based on the intermediate greenhouse gas scenario in the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report. That scenario assumes greenhouse gas levels will double by 2100 and then level off. The U.N. reports climate simulations predict a warmer and wetter Earth, with global temperature increases of 3.6 to 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit (2 to 4 degrees Celsius) by 2100, about the same warming that occurred following the Last Glacial Maximum almost 20,000 years ago, except about 100 times faster. Under the scenario, some regions become wetter because of enhanced evaporation, while others ...
How will the current risk areas be affected by climate change? This depends on the underlying assumptions regarding the future course of global climate change on which ones calculations are based. The researchers in Bayreuth and Stockholm used two different climate change scenarios. One of the two scenarios assumes that climate change will progress moderately and that the IPCC target of 2 degrees Celsius per year will only be slightly missed. The average global temperature would increase by 2.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 compared to pre-industrial times. On this assumption, the calculations point to a general trend that will make the climate conditions around the world more favourable for Chikungunya infections.. By contrast, the second scenario assumes that climate change will be left unchecked to a large extent. Here the average global temperature would increase by around 4.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 compared to pre-industrial times. In this case, the regions at high risk of ...
Accurate cost benefit analysis of climate change adaptation actions is not only critical in designing effective local-level adaptation strategies, but also for generating information that feeds into national and global climate policy agreements. One of the main challenges of this type of CBA is accommodating the wide-ranging impacts of climate change on diverse individuals and groups. While some adaptations provide public benefits, such as protecting coastal areas from rising sea levels, many others generate more private gains for individuals, firms or a consortia of these actors.. In addition, the process of identifying and calculating the future impacts of climate change is primarily driven by climate projections. Scientifically drawn climate projections are inherently uncertain as they are based ...
Feared Trout Drop-off Signals Climate Shift in Montana Warmer temperatures and a longer summer drought season in Montana are expected to have significant impacts on the states trout fishing industry and ecosystem. In a special report, Heidi Cullen of Climate Central examines how climate-related changes are affecting Montana.. ...
Climate change is one of the most significant challenges to the Caribbeans future prosperity. The impacts of climate change on economically important sectors such as tourism, agriculture and fishing threaten Caribbean nations ability to achieve their economic and social development goals. By 2050, the costs to the region are expected to reach US$22 bn each year; this represents 10% of regional gross domestic product, based on 2004 figures. Paying for recovery efforts after natural disasters causes significant budgetary pressures and diverts funds from other pressing development issues such as health and education. However, responding to climate challenges is highly complex. Climate change has cross-cutting impacts that span sectors and spatial scales, and involves multiple stakeholders. Delivering effective climate change adaptation is therefore a question of governance.. Bottom-up, community-level approaches are important in meeting the challenges that climate change poses, but in isolation ...
The predicted climate change causes deep concerns on the effects of increasing temperatures and changing precipitation patterns on species viability and, in turn, on biodiversity. Models of Population Viability Analysis (PVA) provide a powerful tool to assess the risk of species extinction. However, most PVA models do not take into account the potential effects of behavioural adaptations. Organisms might adapt to new environmental situations and thereby mitigate negative effects of climate change. To demonstrate such mitigation effects, we use an existing PVA model describing a population of the tawny eagle (Aquila rapax) in the southern Kalahari. This model does not include behavioural adaptations. We develop a new model by assuming that the birds enlarge their average territory size to compensate for lower amounts of precipitation. Here, we found the predicted increase in risk of extinction due to climate change to be much lower than in the original model. However, this "buffering" of climate ...
Climate change affects all living organisms; it has done so in the past and will do so in the future. However, current climate change is exceptional both in terms of the rate of change and the impact of multiple types of global change on individuals, populations, species, and ecosystems. Effects of Climate Change on Birds provides an exhaustive and up-to-date synthesis of the science of climate change as it relates to birds.
Posted on 03/22/2014 9:47:13 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer. Junk Science: Climate change deniers, as global warm-mongers call those who think empirical evidence is more reliable than computer models, may soon count among their number a 50,000-strong body of physicists. At the risk of being accused of embracing what alarmists call the flat-earth view of climate change, the American Physical Society has appointed a balanced, six-person committee to review its stance on so-called climate change that includes three distinguished skeptics: Judith Curry, John Christy and Richard Lindzen. Their credentials are impressive. Christy is director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama, Huntsville, and was a lead author of the 2001 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Curry is a professor and chairwoman of the School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Lindzen, an Alfred P. Sloan professor of meteorology at MIT from 1983 to 2013, ...
Posted on 07/14/2012 7:40:59 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer. Rising temperatures caused by climate change may lead to reduced milk production among cows in the southern United States, a new study suggests. University of Washington researchers analyzed climate and dairy industry data and concluded that the effects of climate change on milk production by Holstein cows through 2080 will vary across the United States due to major regional differences in humidity and swings between day and night temperatures. The study concluded that regions that are currently experiencing the greatest losses [in milk production] are also the most susceptible: They are projected to be impacted the most by climate change. Study author Yoram Wanker summed up the findings this way: Cows are happy in parts of Northern California and not in Florida. The study was scheduled for presentation Thursday at the Conference on Climate Change at the University of Washington, in Seattle. The data and conclusions of research ...
This post comes from Chantal Bilodeaus Artists and Climate Change Blog. When someone asked me recently what kind of photography I do, my response "climate change photography" elicited this comment: "Oh, you mean chasing glaciers?" He was referring, of course, to the documentary film Chasing Ice about still photographer James Balogs Extreme Ice Survey, which provides hauntingly beautiful visual proof of one of the (many) impacts of climate change.. I found myself explaining to this dinner party acquaintance that climate change photography is not limited to melting glaciers or stranded polar bears. Ideally, climate change photography should focus on all aspects of climate change - causes, impacts, mitigation and adaptation. Then he asked me what mitigation was…. Thats when I realized I had some homework to do. I needed a simple definition of climate change photography, one that would resonate with the masses. In short, I needed to develop a 30-second elevator pitch to describe what I do and ...
Agder, Norway. In May 2009, a scientific commission declared that climate change is "the biggest global health threat of the 21st century." In June 2015, a second scientific commission concluded that "tackling climate change could be the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century.". Both commissions were organized from London, by University College London and one of the top medical journals, The Lancet. This work now continues through a new collaboration launched in November to develop indicators for health and climate change and then to track them until 2030: The Lancet Countdown: Tracking Progress on Health and Climate Change.. Norway, as one of the healthiest countries in the world with a long-standing interest in climate change, could have a strong role in global health and climate change research. Yet the topic remains a gap to be filled.. The Lancet Countdown project comprises five groups, the first of which is the health impacts of climate change. These impacts are frequently ...
The Paris Agreement of December 2015 heralds a greater global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change, yet farmers around the world are already dealing with the consequences of a warming atmosphere. While more frequent droughts and floods are causing widespread crop damage, the greatest threat to farmers from…
Many studies have documented the gender imbalance in science and have explored the reasons that women are not included or represented, especially at more senior levels of research (8⇓⇓⇓⇓-13). A 2013 special report in the journal Nature concludes that, despite some improvements, female scientists continue to face discrimination, unequal pay, and funding disparities and notes that, internationally, 70% of men and women view science as a male pursuit (14). Women face barriers associated with their family responsibilities and are poorly represented in journals and citations (15⇓⇓-18). Including women in research teams enhances innovation and discovery (19⇓-21). Claims about data and explanations of womens underrepresentation in science can be controversial with some suggesting women choose to not pursue a career in science and others recognizing more structural causes (17, 22⇓-24). In our own discipline of geography, several studies have identified barriers facing women in physical ...
Maryland has experienced changes in its climate over the last century and on the whole, the State is experiencing warmer winters and summers, wetter autumns and springs, and drier summers. In the future, it is expected that climate change will affect Maryland in a variety of ways. More obvious impacts could include an increased risk for extreme events such as drought, storms, flooding, and forest fires; more heat-related stress; the spread of existing or new vector-born disease; and increased erosion and inundation of low-lying areas along the States shoreline and coast. Adaptation, together with mitigation, is necessary to address climate change. Climate change adaptation is an extremely complex process and there is no single means of response. That said, the State is already taking steps to enhance the resilience of a broad spectrum of natural and human-based systems to the consequences of climate change.. ...
There is a risk that increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas levels could trigger abrupt changes in the climate system - that is, changes so abrupt that they could seriously challenge the ability of humans, plants and animals to adapt. Ice core records can help us better understand this risk: they notably show that, during the last glacial period (around 100 000 to 20 000 years ago), temperature over the Greenland ice sheet could change by up to 16°C within a few decades.. With his INTERCLIMA (Inter-hemispheric Coupling of Abrupt Climate Change) project, Dr Joel Pedro of the University of Copenhagen has been trying to advance understanding of the governing mechanisms and inter-hemispheric coupling involved in abrupt climate change. By doing so, he hopes to help scientists trying to understand the extent and nature of the anthropogenic climate change we are witnessing to improve their climate predictions.. How can past climate change events inform us on future risks?. The Ice Age temperature ...
Dear colleagues The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has just released a new report about climate changes Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation IPCCs WGII report. The report finds that climate change has detrimental effects on every continent, it warns about food and water shortages, rising sea levels, and serious impacts on human health and shows that current emission trends mean that the world will start exceeding limits to adaptation in both natural and human systems. For the first time the IPCC health chapter has a dedicated section to gender and covers the co-benefits of mitigating against climate change and improving health. These co-benefits include reducing local pollution and emissions of climate altering pollutants from energy production through shifting to renewables, better combustion and energy efficiency, shifting diets in rich countries to less animal products, redesigning communities to promote active transport and providing access to reproductive health ...
Higher temperatures. More extreme weather events. These are some of the expected impacts of climate change. Along with these changes, we will see wide-ranging and mostly negative consequences for human health. Climate change has been linked to many public health problems-everything from increased waterborne diseases due to warmer waters and more flooding - to a rise in asthma cases. In a recent podcast on Climate Changes Effect on Public Health, the World Health Organization (WHO) says climate change is the defining public health threat of the 21st century and estimates that 150,000 people die annually due to climate change. The San Francisco Department of Public Health, City and County of San Francisco created the diagram above that illustrates the health impact of climate change.. Health Impacts of Climate Change. The George Mason Program on Climate and Health, in partnership with the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), recently released a report titled Views of ...
Trump warming to reality of climate change, says senior Chinese official. Beijings chief climate negotiator, Xie Zhenhua, talks down fears that joint leadership shown by China and the US will be reversed under new president.. Chinas chief climate negotiator has attempted to calm fears that Donald Trumps arrival in the White House will spell disaster for the fight against climate change.. Trump, who has dismissed climate change as "bullshit" and a Chinese hoax, will become the first climate sceptic to occupy the highest office in the US when he is sworn in on Friday.. Climate scientists and campaigners have expressed alarm at the impact the presence of so many climate deniers and environmental enemies in Trumps cabinet could have on efforts to prevent catastrophic and irreversible global warming.. But speaking to the government-run China Daily newspaper, Chinas special representative for climate change, Xie Zhenhua, played down such concerns.. Xie reaffirmed Beijings "firm attitude" towards ...
BANGKOK, 14 November 2011 - According to a UNICEF report, Childrens Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Disaster Impacts in East Asia and the Pacific, children will be among those most affected by climate change. Millions of children across East Asia and the Pacific already suffer from a lack of access to clean water and proper sanitation, and are vulnerable to food shocks and risks of disease. Climate change is expected to worsen this situation.. The leading killers of children worldwide are highly sensitive to climate change.. UNICEF Pacific Representative, Dr. Isiye Ndombi said "higher temperatures have been linked to increased rates of malnutrition, cholera, diarrhoeal disease and vector-borne diseases like dengue and malaria, while childrens underdeveloped immune systems put them at far greater risk of contracting these diseases and succumbing to their complications.". The UNICEF report released today presents an analysis of the climate change trends and potential impacts on children in ...
The potential withdrawal of the United States from the Paris climate agreement has broad implications for society and the environment. While much attention has concentrated upon melting glaciers, rising sea levels and conflicts over scarce resources, another area represents a major cause for concern: human health. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global climate change has direct health impacts tied to changes in the frequency of extreme weather events including heat, drought and intense rain. Additionally, increasing temperatures alter ecosystem dynamics, making it easier for mosquitoes and other organisms to come into contact with human populations and spread infectious disease (Smith et al. 2014).
Global climate models developed by the UNs Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predict glacial retreat, rises in sea level, and other impacts on human and natural activity, from agriculture to migratory patterns. RAND researchers have studied and are continuing to examine the effects of climate change, particularly how governments and businesses respond to both observed changes and projected scenarios.
The panel will consistently keep up with implementation of the eight national missions along with any other climate change issues and advise the PMs council on strategies and the way forward. The Environment secretary will be the member-secretary of the committee. Other officers or experts in the field of climate change will also be invited to the meetings as and when required.. The PMs Council on Climate Change was established in 2007 in a bid to evaluate and alleviate the effects of climate change. The PM released the National Action Plan of Climate Change (NAPCC) in June 2008 which outlined the eight national missions which formed the core of the National Action Plan representing a long term and integrated strategy to combat climate change. ...
Peatlands have an important role in global climate change through sequestration of atmospheric CO2. Climate change is already affecting these ecosystems, including both above- and below- ground communities and their functions. Fungi play a central role in these communities. As a result, there is concern that altered fungal community function may turn peatlands from carbon sinks to carbon sources, greatly exacerbating the impacts of climate change. In order to gain a better insight into effects of climate change on the structure and function of these carbon sequestrating ecosystems, this thesis focuses on diversity and structure of fungal communities in natural environment in boreal peatlands and in mesocosm experiments to better understand the main and interactive effects of multiple drivers of climate change (increased temperature, elevated CO2, lowered water table) on fungal communities, and their function. The results of these studies suggest that moisture content of peat is probably one of the key
A recent study showing climate change is unlikely to cause an increase in the spread of malaria has been criticised by one of Australias leading tropical disease experts.. Appearing in the latest issue of Nature, the study casts doubt on the widely held view that climate change will see a surge in the tropical disease around the world, including northern parts of Australia.. The researchers from the University of Oxford-led Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) found that since 1900, the incidence of malaria has been on the decline, despite a warming of the planet during that time.. Lead author Dr Pete Gething, from the Department of Zoology at the University of Oxford, says the recession in malaria since 1900 is of little comfort to the billions of people still at risk, but it is important when thinking about the effects of climate on the future of the disease. "We know that warming can boost malaria transmission, but the major declines weve measured have happened during a century of rising ...
Results of the EU ArcRisk project on human health impacts in the Arctic owing to climate-induced changes in contaminant cycling are summarized in the context of their policy application. The question on how will climate change affect the transport of selected persistent organic pollutants (POPS) and mercury, both to and within the Arctic has been addressed, as well as the issue of human health impacts of these pollutants in the Arctic in relation to exposed local populations. It was concluded that better characterization of primary and secondary sources of POPs and more accurate quantification of current and future releases of POPs from these sources are needed for better prediction of environmental exposure to these contaminants and interpretation of monitoring data. Further improvement of fate and transport modeling in the physical environment is necessary in order to consider in the models not only the relatively well studied direct effects of climate change (e.g., changes in temperature, ice ...
Human civilization is failing in the fight to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and limit the impact of anthropogenic climate change. Whilst there are likely numerous reasons for this inertia, societal risk perception plays a fundamental role in influencing the speed and effectiveness of political and social action to address climate change. This study presents the psychological, sociological and cultural reasons for variations in the perceptions of risk amongst a group of climate change sceptics in Sweden. Highlighting cognitive barriers and characteristics associated with different ideological biases and worldviews. The paper concludes that people become more or less sceptical to climate change based on a variety of potentially intersectional issues. Whilst gender, age and wisdom all play a role, the social groups with which people identify, as well as individuals values and ideas of what constitutes an ideal society ultimately shape ones perception of risk in relation to climate change. The ...
The Workshop on Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Atlantic Salmon Stock Dynamics (WKCCISAL) will take place 27-28 March at ICES Secretariat in Copenhagen. The main aim is to provide the scientific basis to respond to a request for advice from the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO). With changing climatic and oceanic conditions, there is potential for effects to be reflected in salmon feeding, growth, and migratory routes. WKCCISAL aims to review predicted climatic changes over the distributional range of wild Atlantic salmon as well as literature and research on the biological and environmental drivers that affect stock dynamics. The workshop will also identify and describe potential impacts upon characteristics that may affect stock productivity, different habitats, interactions between salmon and other species, migration, and interpopulation genetic diversity. The group is seeking participation from experts working on all aspects of north Atlantic salmon, marine ...
The researchers say that in the near future more bird species may be imperiled by deforestation than by the change of their habitat due to climate change. But together these two factors will be devastating for bird populations.. "This is akin to killing two birds with one stone," says Wilcove of Princeton. "Deforestation drives tropical species to extinction and also contributes to global climate change. Climate change, in turn, drives temperate species to extinction. The good news is that by halting deforestation we can protect both tropical and temperate birds.". The researchers say a vastly expanded network of wildlife reserves in the tropics, coupled with more ambitious goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and monitor the biodiversity impacts of climate change, will be needed to minimize global extinctions.. "The tragic irony here is that the protection of tropical forests is also one of the strongest buffers against future climate change," says Andrew Dobson, the third author of the ...
Projecting the distribution of malaria vectors under climate change is essential for planning integrated vector control activities for sustaining elimination and preventing reintroduction of malaria. In China, however, little knowledge exists on the possible effects of climate change on malaria vectors. Here we assess the potential impact of climate change on four dominant malaria vectors (An. dirus, An. minimus, An. lesteri and An. sinensis) using species distribution models for two future decades: the 2030 s and the 2050 s. Simulation-based estimates suggest that the environmentally suitable area (ESA) for An. dirus and An. minimus would increase by an average of 49% and 16%, respectively, under all three scenarios for the 2030 s, but decrease by 11% and 16%, respectively in the 2050 s. By contrast, an increase of 36% and 11%, respectively, in ESA of An. lesteri and An. sinensis, was estimated under medium stabilizing (RCP4.5) and very heavy (RCP8.5) emission scenarios. in the 2050 s. In ...
800) 877 8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In cooperation with NOAA and other Federal, State, and tribal partners, we are soliciting public comments on the draft National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (Strategy). The adverse impacts of climate change transcend political and administrative boundaries. No single entity or level of government can safeguard wildlife and society against the effects of climate change. When finalized, this draft Strategy will present a unified approach reflecting shared principles and science-based practices for reducing the negative impacts of climate change on fish, wildlife, plants, habitats, and our natural resource heritage. The Strategy will provide a basis for sensible actions that can be taken now, in spite of the uncertainties that exist about precise impacts of climate change. It also will provide guidance about what further actions are most likely to promote natural resource adaptation to climate change, and will describe mechanisms ...
Phosphorus inputs to agriculture and their fate in the environment contribute to poor water quality and degradation of linked ecosystem services at great cost to society. Climate change is likely to alter the forms and timings of P fluxes from land to water and their ecological impact, the effects of which are uncertain and need to be considered to inform future catchment management for eutrophication control. The P transfer continuum is an established conceptual model that we propose as a suitable framework to consider the potential effects of climate change on catchment P transfer. Consideration of this continuum suggests that predicted changes in temperature and precipitation will likely increase P transfer and associated eutrophication costs in some regions. Further research should examine climate change effects on each tier of the continuum to inform the necessary land management adaptations and transformations to ensure future food system P efficiency and resilience.. ...
Climate change has become a great challenge to our generation and its impact is felt in almost every society in the world. Nigeria, as a developing country with a population of about 180 million, has been adversely impacted by climate change due to its vulnerability and low coping capability. Evidences have shown that climate change impacts on Nigeria arise from various climate change-related causes such as increase in temperature, rainfall, sea level rise, impact on fresh water resources, extreme weather
The Global Population Projection Grids Based on Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), 2010-2100 consists of global spatial population projections at a resolution of one-eighth degree (7.5 arc-minutes) for urban, rural, and total population, consistent both quantitatively and qualitatively, with the SSPs at ten-year intervals for 2010-2100. Spatial demographic projections are key inputs for the analysis of land use, energy use, and emissions, as well as for the assessment of climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation. The SSPs are developed to support future climate and global change research and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). This data set is produced based on a clear need for plausible alternative projections of spatial distribution of the population that can represent patterns of development consistent with the SSPs ...
The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has today released the final synthesis report for its Fifth Assessment Report on the current scientific knowledge around our changing climate.
Tipping points occur when a small change can lead to significant - potentially irreversible - shifts in the system as a whole. These changes can be positive, like when generating power from renewables becomes cheaper than using coal, or negative, like the feedback loops from melting permafrost.. At the European Climate Change Adaptation conference in Lisbon last month, I listened to researchers and practitioners from different disciplines discussing tipping points around climate change. Just a few weeks later, others were gathered in Bonn discussing transformational change for climate finance. This left me wondering, when is it useful to think about tipping points in social systems? What does it add to our understanding and our ability to work towards faster and more transformative climate action?. In the world of climate science, the concept of tipping points and tipping cascades are well established. The concept of tipping cascades, described as a Hothouse or Uninhabitable Earth, have ...
As part of this climate change package, Kenya became the first African country to receive funding as bilateral support from Denmark and DKK 10 million was set aside for pilot projects. In addition a further DKK 50 million has been allocated to Kenya for the design and implementation of a fast start climate change programme. The programme emphasises the role of the private sector and communities in facilitating the use of innovative technology to reduce climate change vulnerability and contribute to a low carbon development path. In late 2010, several potential pilot projects were screened, out of which five projects were shortlisted for implementation in 2010- 2011. The screening criteria used to select the five pilot projects asked the following questions: · Will the projects directly benefit people in terms of climate resilience? · Do the projects provide value for money in terms of direct cost benefit for the people? · Can the projects bring new approaches and innovation to the climate ...
The effects of global climate change from greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) are diverse and potentially very large, and probably constitute the most serious long-term environmental issue currently facing the world. This paper is prepared as task 1 of the project Modelling support for Future Actions - Benefits and Cost of Climate Change Policies and Measures, ENV.C.2/2004/0088, led by K.U.Leuven, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The paper provides a rapid review and analysis of the impacts and economic costs from climate change. The objective is to provide estimates of the benefits of climate change policy, i.e. from avoided impacts, for support to the Commission in considering the benefits and costs of mitigation efforts, and to support DG Environment in its report to the Spring Council 2005 and in future international negotiations on climate change.
Description: This booklet highlights key findings of Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States, a state of knowledge report about the observed and projected consequences of climate change for our nation and people. It is an authoritative scientific report written in plain language, with the goal of better informing public and private decision making at all levels. The report draws from a large body of scientific information including the set of 21 synthesis and assessment products from the U.S. Global Change Research Program, the assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and much more. It also includes new information published since these assessments were released. While the primary focus of the report is on the impacts of climate change in the United States, it also discusses some of the actions society is already taking or can take to respond to the climate challenge. These include limiting climate change by, for example, reducing emissions of heat-trapping gases ...
To the editor:. RE: Tom Fletchers Oct. 2 column "Fanning fear of fire and flood". As a millennial, I find it particularly insulting to see Mr. Fletcher dismiss the importance of climate change. My generation knows the urgency that is needed to act on climate change. It is our future that is being risked. The struggles millennials will face with climate change, and the real uncertainty of our future, go unacknowledged by Mr. Fletcher.. I find it upsetting that Black Press papers across the province give Mr. Fletcher a mouthpiece for such inaccurate messaging. Millennials like myself will be the largest age cohort in the 2019 election according to a recent Abacus report. To stay relevant to this generation, editorials need to focus on solutions to our climate crisis, rather than denying human-caused climate change.. Mr. Fletcher questions connections between climate change and the unusually damaging and deadly hurricane season. Scientists tell us that warmer ocean and air temperatures contribute ...
All of this said, a storm like Harvey could have happened even if there was no climate change. Planning experts have long fretted over the possibility of a major hurricane striking Houston. Harvey is also a powerful hurricane forming in one of the most hurricane-friendly regions of the world at the peak of hurricane season. Storms similar to it would form in any climate.. But Trenberth says that the extra heat could make the storm more costly and more powerful, overpowering and eventually breaking local drainage systems.. "The human contribution can be up to 30 percent or so of the total rainfall coming out of the storm," he said. "It may have been a strong storm, and it may have caused a lot of problems anyway-but [human-caused climate change] amplifies the damage considerably.". More generally, its still unclear what effect climate change is having on hurricane formation across the greater Atlantic Ocean. A draft version of a major U.S. government review of climate science due out later this ...
For decades, estimates of the equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) to doubling of CO2 simulated by global climate models (GCMs) have had a large intermodel spread, with a 5th-95th percentile range of approximately 2-4.5 K [1,2]. Global cloud feedbacks are the largest contributor to this spread [2,3]. Fig. 7.10 from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) [2] showed global cloud feedbacks diagnosed from over 20 GCMs participating in recent rounds of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3 and CMIP5) and Cloud Feedbacks Model Intercomparison Project (CFMIP2). These have an interquartile range of 0.5-0.9 W m−2 K−1, and an overall intermodel spread of 0.2-1.4 W m−2 K−1, including the effects both of warming and of rapid adjustments to increased CO2. Given the CMIP3/5 multi-model mean Planck feedback (−3.2 W m−2 K−1), water vapour/lapse rate feedback (1.0 W m−2 K−1) and snow/ice albedo feedback (0.3 W m−2 K−1), together with ...
Jimmi Jones and wife Sandra Lees fish farm in Belize City is unique. His fish tanks supply water and nutrients for his vegetable garden needs and the plants filter the water that is recycled back to the tanks. Jones has been showing off the "JimSan Aquaponics" style of organic farming in meetings across the Caribbean to support efforts by the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) in promoting aquaculture as a food security option in combatting global climate change. As global warming increases sea temperatures, wild catch fishery could decline by as much as 50 per cent, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned. Warming seas are expected to devastate regional fisheries by shifting the travel routes of pelagic fish and the distribution of high-value species while causing die offs of many other popular marine species. A Sept 2015 study from the University of British Columbia noted that warmer seas could alter the distribution of many marine species and worsen the ...
References and examples of good practice in responding to the challenge of climate change mitigation and adaptation are outlined below.. C40 Cities A group of the worlds largest cities committed to tackling climate change. The website contains news and updates on current C40 programmes, information about each of the cities involved, and links to useful documents.. Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) An initiative designed to support developing countries in tackling the challenges posed by climate change, launched in March 2010 by the UK government.. Climate Investment Funds (CIFs) Launched at the G8 Summit in Hokkaido in 2008 and supported by DFID and DECC, this $6bn set of funds and programmes is aimed at driving global action to tackle the harmful effects of climate change in the worlds developing countries. The money is helping to promote clean technology, tackle unsustainable deforestation, and help developing countries to become more resilient to the impacts of climate ...
Societies around the world are facing the task to rapidly decarbonise their economies to limit the adverse impacts of unabated climate change. As they embark on this transformation, they will continue to face choices on the costs and opportunities of climate-change mitigation and the risks of climate impacts increasing with global warming. Research Department 3 aims to inform these choices, providing an integrated perspective on climate-change mitigation and climate-change impacts. We research the requirements, costs, and opportunities of climate change mitigation pathways, as well as the physical and societal risks of climate change impacts including risks from unabated climate change. We particularly focus on the combined effects of the impacts of climate change and mitigation measures on key areas of society:. ...
Regional temperature change projections for the twenty-first century are generated using a multimodel ensemble of atmosphere - ocean general circulation models. The models are assigned coefficients jointly, using a Bayesian linear model fitted to regional observations and simulations of the climate of the twentieth century. Probability models with varying degrees of complexity are explored, and a selection is made based on Bayesian deviance statistics, coefficient properties, and a classical cross-validation measure utilizing temporally averaged data. The model selected is shown to be superior in predictive skill to a naive model consisting of the unweighted mean of the underlying atmosphere - ocean GCM (AOGCM) simulations, although the skill differential varies regionally. Temperature projections for the A2 and B1 scenarios from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios are presented.. ...
Climate change activists have launched a campaign, dubbed Forecast the Facts, that outs television meteorologists who are deniers of mainstream climate change science. Led by several groups, including 350.org, the League of Conservation Voters, and the Citizen Engagement Lab, the campaign was spurred by recent surveys finding that half or more of TV forecasters hold contrarian climate change views. TV meteorologists have as much, if not more, opportunity to talk to the American public about climate change than anyone, said Daniel Souweine, director of the Forecast the Facts drive. None of Houstons television forecasters made the campaigns list of deniers, but it has nevertheless turned up the volume on the issue of climate change and tele-vision meteorology. The first survey found that 63 percent of tele-vision forecasters attributed global warming to natural causes, while just 31 percent believed it was mostly brought about by human activity.
Communities across the country are face challenges from climate change. However, changes in municipal regulations take years to significantly change the buildings and infrastructure that make up our cities and towns. As a result, it is essential that communities begin now to adapt their built form regulations so that as climate impacts worsen, harm is minimized. Outside of the major cities, it is not clear how many communities have taken steps toward climate change adaptation. There are a range of ways that communities could progress local adaptation policy, including preparing adaptation plans, including climate projections into other policy, or increasing resilience to current hazards and hoping that will help with intensified future risks. To explore these issues, this project will pilot a web-trawler that can identify adaptation actions at the local level in the New England region, and compare these to the situations of the communities. We will also survey Regional Planning Agencies and a ...
Katharina Rall, Brooke Guven, and Joseph J. Amon. As delegates converge on Paris in November for the UN Climate Change Conference, the urgency of the need to address the human rights impacts of climate change is clear: the worlds marginalized communities-populations that are already vulnerable to human rights abuses-face the biggest challenges in adapting to climate change. The consequences of climate change for health, housing, livelihood and security will disproportionately impact individuals and communities living in already-fragile ecosystems or with tenuous land title, and especially indigenous communities, women, elderly individuals, those with disabilities, and the poor.1 To better appreciate how drastically climate change will, and currently is, affecting the worlds most marginalized people, it is helpful to look at a specific context.. Turkana County, Kenya, near the border with Ethiopia, is known as the cradle of humankind: in and around this area, archeologists have found the oldest ...
Exploring the Environment - Global Climate Change (ETE-GCC) Modules developed by the Center for Educational Technologies at Wheeling Jesuit University includes six new global climate change problem-based learning modules funded through a cooperative agreement with NASA. The ETE-GCC modules are comprehensive educational activities designed to increase student knowledge of climate change science and the issues surrounding the complex interactions of Earths physical and biological spheres. The modules are a perfect fit for integrated biology courses, environmental science classes, and related courses, such as ecology and social studies that address the sociopolitical issues of climate change.
The findings of the climate change adaptation report released today confirm Local Government New Zealands longstanding policy and advocacy position that there is an urgent need for strong joint action to minimise the risks to the natural and built ...
The scientific basis for this potentially cataclysmic warming of the Earth s climate is confirmed by reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an international body of over 1,000 climate scientists from 100 countries that is considered the world s most authoritative source of information on global warming. Emission of greenhouse gases caused by human consumption of fossil fuels, it believes, may lead to a peak in the Earth s temperature to the same level of global warming that it had 35 million years ago, before the appearance of ice sheets in Antarctica.. A recent climate change study commissioned by the U.S. Department of Defense concludes that abrupt climate change and ensuing environmental and social emergencies may accelerate on Earth as soon as the period 2015 to 2020. The collapse of the ocean conveyer climate system is predicted to accelerate abrupt climate change, resulting in food and water shortage, and massive population dislocations.. Unless a global strategy for ...
PEA chairman, Eng . Majdi Alsaleh, in an interview with the Palestine News Network, described the conference as a national duty of the association, since it is the largest professional association in Palestine.. Alsaleh also stressed that the issue of climate change is very important to the Palestinian people and their future generations, especially since the Palestinian leadership is moving towards signing the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, as a member of the UNFCC.. Alsaleh explained that the Israeli occupation played a major role in restricting Palestinian adaptive capacities and ability for implementing mitigation plans. Financial support, technology transfer and capacity building, in addition, are vital issues for achieving the mentioned goals in tackling, mitigating and adapting to climate change. Therefore, obtaining this will include political guidelines as well, since the occupation not only restricts lives of people but also the environment.. The chairman finally called on all ...
Recently, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Energy Secretary Rick Perry have called for the establishment of an adversarial "Red Team/Blue Team" (RT/BT) process to assess the credibility of key findings of climate science. These highly publicized requests echo earlier calls for an RT/BT process by New York University physicist Steven Koonin. The underlying premise is that previous assessments of climate science are untrustworthy, self-serving, underestimate key uncertainties, and lack participation from critical voices. The implicit message in RT/BT requests is simple: only the current administration can conduct a fair and unbiased assessment of climate science.. Both the underlying premise and the implicit message are wrong. Climate science has been reviewed for decades, by the national academies of dozens of countries, relevant professional societies, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and many other entities with real domain expertise. Review processes are arduous. They typically ...
Summary of the speech. Climate Change is being referred to as the biggest threat humanity has ever faced, with unimaginable consequences being predicted in years, not decades or centuries. Fortunately, new data from around the world have lead to new understandings in the causes of climate change and to potential solutions. We now know that climate change is not caused by the burning of fossil fuel, per se, but by how we have interrupted the earths carbon cycle. This is primarily due to the practices of industrial agriculture and our mistreatment of the planets soil, the earths second largest carbon sink. But new studies have shown that through the introduction of regenerative agriculture we can restore the carbon cycle and reverse climate change itself. This presentation will focus on the science and possible plans to get the world to scale carbon drawdown quick enough to avert the worst of climate change and begin the process toward a healthier climate, healthier planet, and healthier ...
Adams, R. M., Rosenzweig, c., Peart, R. M., Ritchie, J. T., McCarl, B. A., Glyer, J. D., Curry, R. B., Jones, J. W., Boote, K. J., and Allen, L. H., Jr., 1990, Global climate change and U.S. agriculture: Nature, v. 345, May 17, 1990, p. 219-224 Allen-Diaz, B., 1996, Rangelands in a changing climateImpacts, adaptations, and mitigation; in, Climate Change 1995--Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation of Climate Change, Scientific-Technical Analysis, R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, R. H. Moses, and D. J. Dokken, eds.: Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. 131-158 Arnell, N., Bates, B., Lang, H., Magnuson, J. J., and Mulholland, P., 1996, Hydrology and freshwater ecology; in, Climate Change 1995--Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation of Climate Change, Scientific-Technical Analysis, R. T. Watson, M. C. Zinyowera, R. H. Moses, and D. J. Dokken, eds.: Cambridge, Cambridge University, p. 325-363 Berner, E. K., and Berner, R. A., 1996, Global environmentWater, air, and geochemical cycles: Upper Saddle ...
Using Biological Monitoring to Detect Climate Change Effects: A Classification of Bioindicators. Britta Bierwagen, Susan Julius Global Change Research Program, NCEA/ORD/EPA Michael Barbour, Jeroen Gerritsen, Anna Hamilton, Mike Paul Tetra Tech, Inc. Slideshow 525256 by kaz
Given their position at the very bottom of the marine food chain, increased toxicity of plankton could have a knock-on effect on the entire food web, including food consumed by humans. Source: Climate Change Effect: Global Warming Could Increase Toxic Mercury In Plankton
Global climate change is impacting and will continue to impact marine and estuarine fish and fisheries. Data trends show global climate change effects ranging from increased oxygen consumption rates in fishes, to changes in foraging and migrational patterns in polar seas, to fish community changes in bleached tropical coral reefs. Projections of future conditions portend further impacts on the distribution and abundance of fishes associated with relatively small temperature changes. Changing fish distributions and abundances will undoubtedly affect communities of humans who harvest these stocks. Coastal-based harvesters (subsistence, commercial, recreational) may be impacted (negatively or positively) by changes in fish stocks due to climate change. Furthermore, marine protected area boundaries, low-lying island countries dependent on coastal economies, and disease incidence (in aquatic organisms and humans) are also affected by a relatively small increase in temperature and sea level. Our ...
We hear a lot about climate change, especially now that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has recently published another report. At the same time, oil is reaching limits, and this has an effect as well. How do the two issues fit together? Unfortunately, the real situation is that the laws of physics, rather than humans, are in charge. Basically, as economies grow, it takes increasing complexity to fix problems, as Joseph Tainter explained in his book, The Collapse of Complex Societies. Now we are reaching limits in many ways, but we cant - or dare not - model how all of these limits are hitting.
The impact of climate change can be often be seen on a large scale, like the effects it has on the planet and ecosystem, but it also takes a more personal turn when you start to see the effects it can have on individuals. Recently, the White House released a scientific report called The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment, which details the advances that have been made about how climate change affects public health; in particular, a section dedicated to issues surrounding air pollution presented compelling information about just how detrimental bad air quality can be.. The report addressed the issues of air pollution and the increase in airborne allergens, both of which can have serious health consequences for humans, especially those with existing allergy and asthma concerns. Its estimated that ozone-related health hazards attributable to climate change could lead to hundreds or even "thousands of premature deaths, hospital admissions, and ...
In its recent 32-volume report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that food prices could increase by as much as 84 percent over the next four decades, just due to climate change.
The UNs Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has become ultra conservative and contaminated by corporate interests, environmentalist David Suzuki says. | Climate change challenges
INTERGOV ERNMENTA L PA NEL ON WG II WORKING GROUP II CONTRIBUTION TO THE FIFTH ASSESSMENT REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE climate change Summary for Policymakers Drafting Authors:
Response options to mitigate these threats or to adapt to changing environs are needed to ensure a sustainable biosphere for all forms of life. To that end, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change provides a forum to encourage the conceptualization, critical examination and debate on environmental change response options. Moreover, the aim of this journal is to provide a forum to review, analyze and stimulate the development, testing and implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies at regional, national and global scales. One of the primary goals of the journal is to contribute to real-time policy development as environmental treaties and agreements are discussed and promulgated. Examples of mitigation and adaptation strategies, policies and technical topics considered by this journal include emerging environmental technologies, restoration and reclamation ecology, non- renewable energy conservation, renewable and alternative energy supply and use, sustainable ...
In order to make well-informed decisions on climate change action, leaders need to understand clearly the nature and magnitude of the risks to lives and livelihoods that are being created by climate change. Unfortunately, much of the technical advice and recommendations about these risks incorporate assessments of the economic implications that omit or underplay the largest potential impacts of climate change.. This policy insight seeks to identify and draw attention to these missing and under-represented risks. The authors also discuss how populations might fare in light of their potential to adapt in the face of these risks. When the risks are taken into account, the case for strong, deliberate and urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions becomes even more compelling.. ...
Search and download thousands of Swedish university dissertations (essays). Full text. Free. Dissertation: Disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in urban contexts: Integration and challenges.
2013 rained down another round of extreme weather events on communities across the country. Destructive floods in Colorado, months of prolonged drought in Texas and California, and dangerously high temperatures in the Northeast were just some of the record-breaking events from the year. The media reported on many of these disasters. But they often missed a key dimension of the story: climate change is also a disaster for our health.. In fact, climate change is "one of the most serious public health threats facing our nation," according to Dr. Georges Benjamin, Executive Director of the American Public Health Association. Children, the elderly, and communities struggling with poverty are among the most vulnerable to climate-related illness and disease. Yet they are not the only ones. The extreme weather events of 2013 revealed once again that many of us live in harms way. Intense heat is one of the biggest threats. NOAA and NASA say that 2013 was one of the 10 top hottest years ever worldwide. ...
In several of these studies, the researchers admitted that they actively sought out "super-emitters" in the Barnett Shale, yet they still found methane emissions to be very low.. EDF also points to a report it did in conjunction with the Rhodium Group, which argued that $30 billion in unburned natural gas is "being emitted globally by the oil and gas industry" but does not mention that that same study found a very low methane leakage rate in the United States of only 1.3 percent.. The researchers quote the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes (IPCC) latest climate assessment, pointing out that it states that "nearly a quarter of the warming we are experiencing today is caused by methane and other short term climate pollutants." However, EDF does not include that the IPCC also said its largely thanks to hydraulic fracturing and natural gas that the United States has been able to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions dramatically. As the IPCC put it:. ...
The principal objective of the study is to assess the extent to which agricultural productivity and climate change impact affect smallholder farmers entrepreneurship in Western and Central Regions of Liberia. The specific objectives are: to determine the impact of agricultural inputs on production of major food crops:rice, cassava and vegetables (pepper, egg plants and bitter balls); to investigate the level of climate change impact on agricultural productivity for major food crops (rice, cassava, and vegetables); to determine agricultural produce, income and business activities of smallholder farmers (during and after harvest); to determine as to whether other competing sectors such as mining, informal business activities, rural-urban migration are hindering the growth of and affecting the progress of the farming population; and to analyze access to credit and the availability of modern post-harvest technology. In order to achieve the research objectives, the researcher worked with Government ...
Adapt: Why Success Always Starts With Failure by Tim Harford Amazon: amazon.com - amazon.co.uk - amazon.de - amazon.fr Andrew Wiles, banking crisis, Basel III, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Black Swan, car-free, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, charter city, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, complexity theory, corporate governance, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Dava Sobel, Deep Water Horizon, Deng Xiaoping, double entry bookkeeping, Edmond Halley, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, experimental subject, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Fermats Last Theorem, Firefox, food miles, Gerolamo Cardano, global supply chain, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, John Harrison: Longitude, knowledge worker, loose coupling, Martin Wolf, mass immigration, Menlo ...
1. CIA, The World Factbook - Marshall Islands (2014). Available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rm.html.. 2. Republic of Marshall Islands Embassy, Geography (2005). Available at http://www.rmiembassyus.org/Geography.htm.. 3. F. Fosberg, "A Review of the Natural History of the Marshall Islands," Atoll Research Bulletin 330 (1990), pp. 1-100.. 4. US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office, Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States National Climate Assessment (Washington, DC: NOAA, 2012). Available at http://cpo.noaa.gov/Home/AllNews/TabId/315/ArtMID/668/ArticleID/80/Global-Sea-Level-Rise-Scenarios-for-the-United-States-National-Climate-Assessment.aspx.. 5. R. White, "Current and future climate of the Marshall Islands" (presentation at the 44th Pacific Islands Forum, Majuro, Republic of Marshall Islands, September 2, 2013). Available at http://www.majurodeclaration.org.. 6. M. Helmer, D. Hilhorst, ...
People across the United States are being impacted by climate change. One group in particular, Native Americans, are being affected disproportionately as their life is inextricably linked to the environment. As various species are being lost due to the changing climate, and management plans are being created to help preserve and restore the species, it is imperative to incorporate Native Americans traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) in these plans. Focusing on the Coeur dAlene Tribe, located in the panhandle of northern Idaho, this research attempts to incorporate TEK in the westslope cutthroat trout management plan. Westslope cutthroat trout populations have been declining for years, and are projected to decline even more as climate change continues. This research includes comprehensive background on the science and TEK surrounding westslope cutthroat trout along with the already seen and projected climate change impacts. This information is used to create policy suggestions that include ...
Dec 21, 2014 Nuclear energy could help stem climate change, but economic conditions arent favorable for many existing nuclear power plants. ...
In recent years, warming climate and increased fire activity have raised concern about post-fire recovery of western U.S. forests. We assessed relationships between climate variability and tree establishment after fire in dry ponderosa pine forests of the Colorado Front Range. We harvested and aged over 400 post-fire juvenile ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) trees using an improved tree-ring based approach that yielded annually-resolved dates and then assessed relationships between climate variability and pulses of tree establishment. We found that tree establishment was largely concentrated in years of above-average moisture availability in the growing season, including higher amounts of precipitation and more positive values of the Palmer Drought Severity Index. Under continued climate change, drier conditions associated with warming temperatures may limit forest recovery after fire, which could result in lower stand densities or shifts to non-forested

How climate change became a question of faith - CSMonitor.comHow climate change became a question of faith - CSMonitor.com

Debate around climate change frequently hinges on religion, particularly Evangelicalism. To many scientists and scholars, ... How climate change became a question of faith Debate around climate change frequently hinges on religion, particularly ... the nations climate assessment offers not just a dire warning about what climate change may bring in future years, but a ... Test your knowledge Climate change: Is your opinion informed by science? Take our quiz! By Bryan Cronan Staff writer ...
more infohttps://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2017/0808/How-climate-change-became-a-question-of-faith

NASA: Climate Change and Global WarmingNASA: Climate Change and Global Warming

Current news and data streams about global warming and climate change from NASA. ... Play and Learn: Climate Kids NASAs Climate Kids website brings the exciting science of climate change and sustainability to ... What is Climate Change?. Evidence. How do we know climate change is real? ... Climate Resource Center NASAs Global Climate Change website hosts an extensive collection of global warming resources for ...
more infohttps://climate.nasa.gov/

Climate ChangeClimate Change

These gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, warm and alter the global climate, which causes environmental changes to occur ... Climate change is the result of the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily from the burning of fossil fuels ... Climate change is affecting the health of Americans1. As the climate continues to change, the risks to human health will grow, ... Climate Change and Human Health - The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) considers climate change to be one of ...
more infohttps://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/climate-change/index.cfm

climate changeclimate change

Search Results for: climate change. Climate change-induced melting of mountain ice threatens global supply of freshwater. * ... Climate change is forcing major airports to future-proof against rising sea levels and floods. *Mariecor Agravante ... Global warming and climate change are to blame for creating the strong winds and low humidity that are currently... ... Climate change is a public health issue amounting to billions in medical costs. *Mariecor Agravante ...
more infohttps://inhabitat.com/?s=climate+change

Climate ChangeClimate Change

These gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, warm and alter the global climate, which causes environmental changes to occur ... Climate change is the result of the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily from the burning of fossil fuels ... Climate change is affecting the health of Americans1. As the climate continues to change, the risks to human health will grow, ... Climate Change and Human Health - The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) considers climate change to be one of ...
more infohttps://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/climate-change/

Environment and climate changeEnvironment and climate change

Real-time Evaluation of Norways International Climate and Forest Initiative * Real-time Evaluation of Norways International ... Real-time Evaluation of Norways International Climate and Forest Initiative - Country Report: Brazil. This evaluation ...
more infohttp://www.oecd.org/derec/publicationsdocuments/environmentandclimatechange/4/

IBM and climate changeIBM and climate change

We have long-standing work from IBM Research and The Weather Company related to a critical environmental science and climate ... United States of Climate Change, investigating the impact of climate change across America, and how this has affected lives in ... why IBM stands firm in supporting the Paris Climate Agreement and why we lead in the fight against climate change. ... But how many and what kind of these events can be attributed to a changing climate? We can begin to answer these questions. The ...
more infohttps://www.ibm.com/blogs/research/2018/03/ibm-climate-change/

IEA - Climate ChangeIEA - Climate Change

3rd Compresensive Acton Plan for Climate Change Policy. Korea. 2004. Ended Amendment of the Promotion Act for NRE Development, ... Highlighted records constitute key elements of climate change energy policy framework. Found: 53 results. (Tip: sort columns by ... Package of Measures to Address Climate Change. Korea. 2007. Superseded Economic Instruments>Market-based instruments>White ... 2nd Comprehensive Action Plan for Climate Change Policy. Korea. 2002. Superseded Policy Support ...
more infohttp://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/climatechange/?country=Korea

ESA - Climate changeESA - Climate change

The service will give access to information for monitoring, predicting and attributing climate change and will help improve ... aims to respond to environmental and societal challenges associated with climate variability and anthropogenic climate change. ... The Copernicus Climate Change service aims to respond to environmental and societal challenges associated with climate ... The service will give access to information for monitoring, predicting and attributing climate change and will help improve ...
more infohttps://www.esa.int/Applications/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Climate_change

IEA - Climate ChangeIEA - Climate Change

Climate Change Strategy. Denmark. 2003. In Force Policy Support, Policy Support>Strategic planning Framework/ Multi-sectoral ... Highlighted records constitute key elements of climate change energy policy framework. Found: 62 results. (Tip: sort columns by ... Climate 2012 - Danish Climate Policy. Denmark. 2000. Superseded Policy Support>Strategic planning Energy Sector>Energy ... Establishment of Climate Policy Monitor. Denmark. 2005. In Force Policy Support Energy Strategy 2025. Denmark. 2005. Superseded ...
more infohttps://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/climatechange/?country=Denmark

climate change | PNASclimate change | PNAS

Wildfires and climate change push low-elevation forests across a critical climate threshold for tree regeneration Kimberley T. ... Rapidly declining remarkability of temperature anomalies may obscure public perception of climate change Frances C. Moore, Nick ... Effects of fossil fuel and total anthropogenic emission removal on public health and climate J. Lelieveld, K. Klingmüller, A. ... Changing available energy for extratropical cyclones and associated convection in Northern Hemisphere summer Charles G. Gertler ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/keyword/climate-change

Climate change | UNICEFClimate change | UNICEF

Regional challenge for youth-led solutions to climate change is launched ahead of COP25 ... Protracted conflict, the climate crisis, a rise in mental illness and online misinformation among biggest emerging threats to ... and young activists affected by climate change ... Child petitioners protest lack of government action on climate ...
more infohttps://www.unicef.org/topics/climate-change

Climate Change OverviewClimate Change Overview

Climate change is a fundamental threat to sustainable development and the fight against poverty. The World Bank Group is ... IDA and Climate Change IDA helps the poorest nations adapt to climate change by building their resilience to disasters, and ... Climate Change. Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, ... than 1400 climate-related projects that help countries adapt to a changing climate and mitigate the impacts of climate change. ...
more infohttp://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/climatechange/overview

Climate Change: MedlinePlusClimate Change: MedlinePlus

Its major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns. Read how it can affect your health. ... Climate Change and Health (World Health Organization) Also in Spanish * Climate Change Indicators: Health and Society ( ... Climate is the average weather in a place over a period of time. Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow ... Human Health (U.S. Global Change Research Program) * What Is Climate Change? (Environmental Health Student Portal) (National ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/climatechange.html

Climate Change ConnectionsClimate Change Connections

Eco-Schools USA Climate Change Connections (CCC) is a 9th-12th grade curriculum, designed to build upon and utilize the many ... Eco-Schools USA Climate Change Connections:. Links to Our Past, Present, and Future. Eco-Schools USA Climate Change Connections ... Lesson 21: Eco-Schools USA Climate Change and Energy Pathways. *Lesson 21: Climate Solutions: A Call to Action! / Leccion 21: ... Module III: How Climate Change Affects Natural and Human Systems is an opportunity for students to get up close and personal ...
more infohttps://www.nwf.org/en/Eco-Schools-USA/About/Climate-Change-Education/Curriculum/CCC

Tackle Climate ChangeTackle Climate Change

Climate change isnt a distant threat-its happening now, and its our biggest problem. The urgency is real, but so are the ... How Were Tackling Global Climate Change. Nature Based Solutions Were planting trees, which have enormous potential to store ... Climate change isnt a distant threat-it is happening now. The past three years were hotter than any other time in recorded ... Already, were seeing the greatest momentum come from people who are facing every day challenges due to climate change. Lynn ...
more infohttps://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-priorities/tackle-climate-change/

climate change - FRANCE24climate change - FRANCE24

Tokyo Governor Koike: Big city solutions on climate can help the whole planet ...
more infohttps://www.france24.com/en/tag/climate-change/

Shrinking sheep | Nature Climate ChangeShrinking sheep | Nature Climate Change

Wild sheep in Scotland are shrinking in part because of climate change, say scientists. The Soay sheep on the island of Hirta ... The findings shed light on how climate change can play a role in altering animals traits over a very short time. ... which serves as a simple natural laboratory for environmental change and evolution. They found that although larger lambs with ...
more infohttps://www.nature.com/articles/climate.2009.65?error=cookies_not_supported&code=890854c4-469e-4864-a78b-b526e50b772e

Talk:Climate change alarmism - WikipediaTalk:Climate change alarmism - Wikipedia

Climate changeWikipedia:WikiProject Climate changeTemplate:WikiProject Climate changeClimate change articles. ... How bout Climate change awareness or global warming awareness, or would that be Public opinion on climate change ... :-P ? - ... The contents of the Climate change alarmism page were merged into Media coverage of climate change and it now redirects there. ... Why do you think it is POV? This isnt about climate change, it is about the branding of a number of people as climate change ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Climate_change_alarmism

Climate Change | US Forest ServiceClimate Change | US Forest Service

What is Climate Change?. Climate change refers to any major and sustained change in factors affecting the global climate system ... Learn more about why know the climate is changing. How is the Forest Service adapting to climate change?. To stay healthy and ... There are many things you can do to help reduce the effects of climate change. Simple changes like conserving water and energy ... How does climate change affect forests and grasslands?. Over the next century, the average global temperature is expected to ...
more infohttps://www.fs.fed.us/science-technology/climate-change

Chinas climate change combat - OECDChina's climate change combat - OECD

... climate change, global warming and consumption., China was among the near-200 countries to adopt the Paris Climate Change ... Chinas climate change combat. China was among the near-200 countries to adopt the Paris Climate Change Agreement (Paris ... OECD Home EnvironmentChinas climate change combat Environment. #heading { display: none; } ... Everyone knows that it is in the national interest to halt climate change. This is clear in official documents and in ...
more infohttps://www.oecd.org/environment/china-climate-change-combat.htm

Climate change in Australia - WikipediaClimate change in Australia - Wikipedia

Climate Change (NT) Retrieved 27-01-2009 *^ "Climate Change". Department of the Environment, Climate Change, Energy and Water. ... Climate Change Australia - discussion and analysis of issues surrounding climate change. *Climate Action Network Australia - ... Climate Commission reports[edit]. David Karoly is an Australian expert on climate change and member of the board of the Climate ... Action on climate change[edit]. Climate change featured strongly in the November 2007 Australian federal election in which John ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change_in_Australia

Climate Change | Democracy Now!Climate Change | Democracy Now!

Democracy Now! has long covered the issue of climate change. We reported from the U.N. Climate Change Conferences in Paris, ... Summit on Climate Change. Weve interviewed many of the worlds top scientists, writers, policy makers, activists, indigenous ...
more infohttps://www.democracynow.org/topics/climate_change/14

Organic Agriculture: Climate ChangeOrganic Agriculture: Climate Change

Organic Agriculture and Climate Change. As global temperatures rise and weather patterns become more erratic, the intersection ... Organic agriculture provides management practices that can help farmers adapt to climate change through strengthening agro- ... knowledge base to best prevent and confront changes in climate. FAO promotes organic agriculture as an alternative approach ... between climate change and agriculture is crucial to understanding the role agriculture plays in contributing to and mitigating ...
more infohttp://www.fao.org/organicag/oa-specialfeatures/en/

Climate Change | Greenpeace InternationalClimate Change | Greenpeace International

With the world on the brink of runaway climate change, it is time to get serious. Were calling upon governments and industry ... Stop climate change. Deeply complex, the climate system drives wind, water, and warmth around our beautiful blue planet, ... Climate affects all life on Earth. Our climate is the engine for life support systems that sustain and nurture us all. Climate ... The cause of climate change is certain. A dirty energy system, fuelled by coal, oil, gas and nuclear power, has failed us. It ...
more infohttps://www.greenpeace.org/archive-international/en/campaigns/climate-change/?osindex=2&page=100
  • why IBM stands firm in supporting the Paris Climate Agreement and why we lead in the fight against climate change . (ibm.com)
  • While the U.S. government has announced its intention to withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement, most presidential candidates and many states have proposed climate plans of their own. (rand.org)
  • Christiana Figueres, former head of The Framework Convention on Climate Change, discusses Donald Trump's decision on the Paris Climate Agreement. (channel4.com)
  • Bosteels is a lead author of Sustainable Real Estate Investment, Implementing the Paris Climate Agreement: An Action Framework, which explains how investors can meet their fiduciary duty to manage environmental, social, governance and climate-related risks. (rics.org)
  • NASA's Climate Kids website brings the exciting science of climate change and sustainability to life, providing clear explanations for the big questions in climate science. (nasa.gov)
  • That's odd," the senator said, noting that there are frequent stories in numerous news outlets about what he called "the immediate and drastic results of climate change on species' diversity, on human sustainability, on deaths from air pollution, on all kinds of things. (philly.com)
  • After months of consultations with more than 500 community members, McGill's Climate & Sustainability Action Plan has finally launched! (mcgill.ca)
  • Without urgent action to reduce vulnerability, provide access to basic services, and build resilience, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030 . (worldbank.org)
  • Moreover, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Development issued the "Adaptation Action Plan of Cities" on 17 February 2016, to guide policies and actions for enhancing the resilience of cities to climate change. (oecd.org)
  • The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate preparedness and resilience. (fema.gov)
  • However, the Inuits' resilience is being tested by the new constant of unpredictable hour-to-hour or day-to-day changes in weather. (yahoo.com)
  • The Rhode Island Climate Change and Health Program primarily addresses community resilience, extreme heat, air quality and respiratory illnesses, flooding, sea level rise, and vector-borne diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Across sectors, women's innovations and expertise have transformed lives and livelihoods, and increased climate resilience and overall well-being. (iucn.org)
  • The report warns that the disruptions caused by more variable and extreme weather over the last decade - the warmest on record in the U.S. - are likely to increase substantially in the future unless we take action to reduce global emissions of heat-trapping gasses and to enhance our nation's resilience to climate change. (organicconsumers.org)
  • To stay healthy and vigorous, our National Forests and Grasslands will need to adapt quickly to the changing climate. (fed.us)
  • Organic agriculture provides management practices that can help farmers adapt to climate change through strengthening agro-ecosystems, diversifying crop and livestock production, and building farmers' knowledge base to best prevent and confront changes in climate. (fao.org)
  • Some of their difficulties stem from the fact that global diplomacy is not well-enough linked to the realities of how real nations and firms actually control emissions and adapt to the likely impacts of a changing climate. (springer.com)
  • Americans can adapt to some climate change, and indeed already are, but a continuing rise in global carbon emissions will make adapting increasingly costly and difficult - especially in densely developed coastal areas. (usatoday.com)
  • A focus of the program has been on community resiliency and supporting Rhode Island Health Equity Zones to adapt to climate change. (cdc.gov)
  • Women and men are experiencing climate change differently, as gender inequalities persist around the world, affecting the ability of individuals and communities to adapt . (iucn.org)
  • Women have the knowledge and understanding of what is needed to adapt to changing environmental conditions and to come up with practical solutions. (iucn.org)
  • The Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) - a collaboration between JAXA, NIES and MOE - has provided invaluable data for verifying the reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions agreed under the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, adopted in 1997. (nature.com)
  • She pointed out that when she and Jim Connaughton, the chairman of the Counsel on Environmental Quality, travel to Bali next week, they'll be attending the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. (commondreams.org)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (sourcewatch.org)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (10 February 2011). (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change is altering the world's water resources, as evidenced through changing precipitation patterns, severe drought and floods, snowpack amount, elevation, streamflow, and rising sea levels. (wef.org)
  • Over the past five years, photographer Ciril Jazbec has documented the changing lives of the Inuit people in Greenland, the world's largest island, which is covered by the world's largest and fastest-melting ice sheet. (yahoo.com)
  • The roughy 700 Inuits of Qaanaaq and Siorapaluk, the world's northernmost settlements inhabited by natives, continue their traditional ways despite several alarming climate, environmental and cultural threats. (yahoo.com)
  • CHICAGO, Illinois (CNN) -- Fish tanks, financial markets and the future of the world's climate came together at the third Principal Voices debate of 2008 in Chicago. (cnn.com)
  • Climate-ChangeTV was the world's first web channel specific to climate change videos. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hayhoe, who runs the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech University, has devoted herself to persuading skeptics that climate change is real-including people in her own community. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Their anger stemmed from AP's guidance which said to use the label "climate change doubters" or "those who reject mainstream climate science" when discussing those that do not accept man-made climate change, rather than "skeptics" or "deniers. (newsbusters.org)
  • Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for many years. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Climate change refers to any major and sustained change in factors affecting the global climate system, such as surface and ocean temperatures, precipitation patterns, and atmospheric conditions. (fed.us)
  • As global temperatures rise and weather patterns become more erratic, the intersection between climate change and agriculture is crucial to understanding the role agriculture plays in contributing to and mitigating global warming. (fao.org)
  • Climate are those weather patterns but measured over decades to centuries," Kanter told Yahoo News. (yahoo.com)
  • However, she said, the more extreme winter weather conditions in the Northern Hemisphere - cold temperatures in the continental U.S. and really warm temperatures in Alaska - is partially explained by evolving scientific thinking about changes in the patterns of the jet streams since the 2000s. (yahoo.com)
  • Climate is a major driver of spatial and temporal patterns in primary productivity. (fed.us)
  • Climate finance should be accessible to both men and women and designed to generate mutual benefits, not exacerbate patterns of inequity. (iucn.org)
  • Traditionally, climate change refers to any long-term change in normal weather patterns caused by a process that adjusts the climate, such as a volcanic eruption or a cyclical change in solar activity. (arkive.org)
  • I found it quite interesting that an Indian city should have a proper 'action plan' to tackle the effects of changing climate patterns that have resulted in some severe summer temperatures in the last decade. (nature.com)
  • Our project aimed to fill the knowledge gaps relating to the occurrence of extreme events, whose frequency and spatial patterns are likely to change as a consequence of climate change, and crop production in the UK. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lower greenhouse gas emissions for crop production and enhanced carbon sequestration, coupled with additional benefits of biodiversity and other environmental services, makes organic agriculture a farming method with many advantages and considerable potential for mitigating and adopting to climate change. (fao.org)
  • It is essential for fighting climate change as the Canadian Boreal stores an estimated 186 billion tonnes of carbon, or more than 27 years worth of global greenhouse gas emissions. (change.org)
  • WASHINGTON -- As Congress considers legislation to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions and slow global warming, delegates from around the world are in Bali, Indonesia, attending a United Nations conference on climate change. (commondreams.org)
  • Triaging climate change means placing consequences into different buckets. (rand.org)
  • Evidence for a changing climate abounds, from the top of the atmosphere to the depths of the oceans," a draft of the report published by The New York Times reads. (csmonitor.com)
  • Many lines of evidence demonstrate that human activities, especially emissions of greenhouse gases, are primarily responsible for the observed climate changes in the industrial era, especially over the last six decades. (csmonitor.com)
  • Evidence has shown that rising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have contributed to climate change. (fed.us)
  • In a global warming meeting held at the UK, he reportedly said that proponents of climate change are alarmists, underscoring a need for "evidence-based" policymaking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abruzzo on Wednesday told senators on the Environmental Resources and Energy Committee that scientific evidence points to climate change, and that people certainly play a role in it. (philly.com)
  • The evidence climate change comes from a wide variety of sources. (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • This module discusses the advantages/disadvantages of the main sources and how these multiple sources of evidence are pieced together to reveal that climate change is a real problem. (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • According to Kanter, there's a case to be made that the very data points that Trump thinks disprove climate change are actually additional evidence of climate change. (yahoo.com)
  • Examining the evidence left by bark beetle disturbance and understanding interactions between insect disturbances and climate events may help guide management of post-disturbance forests. (fed.us)
  • Researchers from the McGill University and University of Pennsylvania have found evidence to show climate change is the main reason for the disappearance of ice-free regions, known as polynyas. (mcgill.ca)
  • Climate change caused by humans threatens to have serious consequences for populations around the world through its impact on both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. (nature.com)
  • It might not provide new leaders, but she believed just as important was the promotion of ways that people across the world could participate to negate climate change and preserve ecosystems. (cnn.com)
  • Ocean acidification episodes in the geological past have led to significant changes in ecosystems, including, in extreme cases, mass extinctions of some deep-sea benthic foraminifers (a type of marine organism) and collapse of reef-building calcareous algae and corals. (iaea.org)
  • Most of these lakes are important ecosystems and are sensitive to environmental changes. (springer.com)
  • The new report describes current and future effects of climate change on seven major sectors of the U.S. economy: water, energy, transportation, agriculture, forests, ecosystems and human health. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Check out the latest perspectives, research and tools that inform how we are tackling climate change and other pressing issues facing people and the planet. (nature.org)
  • In addition to tackling climate change, The Nature Conservancy is listening to science to address today's most pressing challenges. (nature.org)
  • Restricted land rights, lack of access to financial resources, training and technology, and limited access to political decision-making spheres often prevent them from playing a full role in tackling climate change and other environmental challenges. (iucn.org)
  • That fear likely stems from a general skepticism of climate science that runs through the Trump administration. (csmonitor.com)
  • That message conflicts with ideas put forth by many members of the Trump administration, which has taken a more skeptical view of climate science. (csmonitor.com)
  • David Kanter, a professor of environmental studies at New York University who researches climate change, explained that one of the main reasons Trump does not understand climate change is that he's confusing weather with climate. (yahoo.com)
  • Donald Trump is expected to announce that the USA will pull out of the Paris climate change agreement. (channel4.com)
  • President Trump looks set to pull the US out of the landmark Paris climate accord within the next few days. (channel4.com)
  • Recent reports have delivered sobering messages about climate change and its consequences. (rand.org)
  • We must find ways to combat the impending consequences of climate change through continued scientific research and engineering of solutions. (carleton.edu)
  • Despite the potentially catastrophic consequences of climate change, and the hammering the financial markets were receiving that very day, the panelists were able to find many reasons to be optimistic. (cnn.com)
  • Actions to stem emissions of the gases that cause global warming are unlikely to approach what is needed until the public recognizes that human-made climate change is underway and perceives that it will have unacceptable consequences if effective actions are not taken to slow the climate change. (pnas.org)
  • Science driven by the need to better understand the impacts and consequences of climate change on human and natural land-energy-water systems. (ornl.gov)
  • As Kathleen Mogelgaard, senior program manager for population and climate at Population Action International, points out, one reason a country like Madagascar has such modest emissions is that it lacks electricity even in many health centers. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Today's children are facing climate crisis-related health issues, warns The Lancet's Countdown on Health and. (inhabitat.com)
  • Humanity is having a hard time feeding itself, and it is only expected to get worse thanks to the climate crisis. (inhabitat.com)
  • Deforestation is a well-documented enemy in the Amazon, but new research suggests that the climate crisis, when. (inhabitat.com)
  • I keep returning back to the Arctic almost on a yearly basis, because I feel a very honest urge to document the climate change crisis. (yahoo.com)
  • Talking about population as a component of climate change can seem like blaming the fecundity of poor women-rather than profligate consumption in rich countries-for our environmental crisis. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Daily life of Inuits is changing rapidly due to the climate change and being able to capture and communicate this change is my main vision. (yahoo.com)
  • The program's main adaptation activities include extreme heat messaging to outdoor workers, Lyme disease outreach to local communities, and climate resiliency in the urban core communities. (cdc.gov)
  • Hellmer also noted that the main global scientific body on the issue - which received a Nobel Peace Prize recently along with former Vice President Al Gore - is known as the International Panel on Climate Change. (commondreams.org)
  • Climate change increases volatility and threatens efforts to end poverty. (worldbank.org)
  • President Macron has refused to back down over the tax increases, insisting it's part of his strategy to combat climate change. (channel4.com)
  • The changing climate also increases health risks, the most deadly being a rise in the frequency and severity of heat waves. (nrdc.org)
  • However, under the government of Malcolm Turnbull , Australia attended the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference and adopted the Paris Agreement . (wikipedia.org)
  • United Nations climate change negotiations, void of gender-related texts and discussions until 2008, have more recently reflected an increased understanding of the links between gender equality and responding to climate change. (iucn.org)
  • Yet "fear of appearing supportive of 'population control' has until recently held back any mention of 'population' in the climate debate," said a November report by the United Nations Population Fund. (thedailybeast.com)
  • It is hosted by Responding to Climate Change, an NGO and Official Observer to the United Nations Framework on the Convention on Climate Change RTCC provides a daily news and analysis service - following latest developments in climate policy, research and other aspects of the climate debate. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's the most comprehensive and up to date report on climate science in the world at this point," says Katharine Hayhoe, an atmospheric scientist at Texas Tech University who was one of the authors of the report. (csmonitor.com)
  • Climate change: Is your opinion informed by science? (csmonitor.com)
  • Climate science has been very deliberately framed as an alternate religion," says Dr. Hayhoe, who also directs Texas Tech's Climate Science Center and is an Evangelical who has engaged deeply with faith communities around the issue of climate science. (csmonitor.com)
  • The dispute over Darwin planted a seed, and the evolution argument set the groundwork for the current climate science argument," says Michael Altman, professor of religious studies at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. (csmonitor.com)
  • But once it became an issue of global climate change, Ms. Vox notes that evangelists like the bestselling author Hal Lindsey denounced climate science as a scam "being used to to consolidate the governments of the world into a coalition that may someday facilitate the rise of the Antichrist. (csmonitor.com)
  • Targeting upper-elementary-aged children, the site includes interactive games, hands-on activities, and engaging articles that make climate science accessible and fun. (nasa.gov)
  • The science is clear: climate change is the most serious threat facing our planet today. (nature.org)
  • The Forest Service is incorporating the best ecological and climate science into its management to ensure that National Forests continue to produce the benefits that the American people enjoy. (fed.us)
  • Founded in 1998, FrogWatch USA is one of the longest-running citizen science programs around, and, since amphibians are extremely sensitive to environmental changes, FrogWatchers' observations have been especially valuable. (pbs.org)
  • He said he believed Abruzzo, a longtime prosecutor who later served as a deputy chief of staff to Corbett, had "no obvious experience in environmental protection, and that manifests itself in things like not knowing the science behind climate change. (philly.com)
  • The deceptive marketing is intended to take advantage of many teachers' unfamiliarity with climate science. (carleton.edu)
  • The letter accompanying the contents encourages teachers to question the degree to which the science of climate change is settled. (carleton.edu)
  • The Next Generation Science Standards encourage teachers of all students to integrate sound climate science with the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts. (carleton.edu)
  • This integration will enable our students to distinguish between legitimate climate science and misleading information, preparing them to solve the challenges that climate change presents. (carleton.edu)
  • Two years ago, Sen. Jim Inhofe, R-Okla., infamously tossed a snowball on the Senate floor in an attempt to debunk climate science. (yahoo.com)
  • Using state-of-the-art satellite technology, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is at the vanguard of climate science and research. (nature.com)
  • One man who is in no doubt about the science and has been shouting about climate change for decades is the former Vice President of America, Al Gore. (channel4.com)
  • The IAEA supports Member States in using nuclear and isotopic techniques to develop a science-based understanding of changes in the ocean and support climate change monitoring and adaptation activities. (iaea.org)
  • I'd like to become literate in the field of climate science. (reddit.com)
  • The Climate Change Science Institute (CCSI) was formed in 2009 to integrate climate science activities across Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (ornl.gov)
  • Already we support research at the vanguard of energy and climate science-whether in engineering, law, public health, policy, design and business, research has an unparalleled capacity to accelerate the progression from nonrenewable to renewable sources of energy. (harvard.edu)
  • In this video series, faculty from across campus discuss the many dimensions of climate change ranging from law, business, public policy, public health, design, science and engineering, and the humanities, and offer insights to different pathways for the future. (harvard.edu)
  • A common program for all government agencies is important, because as the central government is paying increasing attention to climate change, most local officials are still not quite aware of the issue, said Lu Xuedu, deputy director of the division to oversee environmental affairs under the Ministry of Science and Technology (MST). (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Changes in rainfall are more difficult to project, but precipitation is expected to decrease across the Southwest while extreme rainfall episodes are projected to increase in the Northeast, Midwest, and Great Plains regions. (fed.us)
  • Because climate change means more extreme rainfall, we are helping identify creative ways that green infrastructure, targeted gray infrastructure improvements, changes in state and local policies, and innovative financial tools can help prepare the region. (nrdc.org)
  • Tim Coulson of Imperial College London and colleagues analysed female sheep's body weights and life histories over the last 24 years on the isolated island, which serves as a simple natural laboratory for environmental change and evolution. (nature.com)
  • Simple changes like conserving water and energy will decrease your environmental footprint. (fed.us)
  • Today's confirmation hearing for Gov. Corbett's nominee to head the Department of Environmental Protection was largely rolling along smoothly until a climate-changing question - on climate change. (philly.com)
  • Get glimpses of our dynamic environment, including the inner and outer workings of water, climate, salt pond restoration, the Bay, biofuels, and more, from the deep resource that is the Exploratorium archive of environmental film. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Environmental changes and violent conflict. (springer.com)
  • Loss of healthy life years as a result of global environmental change (including climate change) is predicted to be 500 times greater in poor African populations than in European populations," The Lancet recently reported. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The analytical news piece "Will the climate ever change for Sundarbans" was chosen for the award by Panos South Asia, headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal and part of Panos Institutes worldwide that encourage and facilitate public discourse and debate on a wide range of issues including environmental issues. (nature.com)
  • Drawing from both historical and contemporary works of art from the Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery at Scripps College, the Pomona College Museum of Art, along with works from local artists and Los Angeles galleries, Moving Past Present, explores the liminal space created by moments of uncertainty, ambiguity, and rapid structural change. (lulu.com)
  • Improving multi-scale climate and biogeochemical models and their uncertainty characterization by integrating models, long-term large-scale field experiments, and data analytical services. (ornl.gov)
  • The selection of climate policies should be an exercise in risk management reflecting the many relevant sources of uncertainty. (nber.org)
  • US Global Change Research Program - Established to assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change. (fema.gov)
  • The NIPCC's booklet and DVD argue against human-induced climate change with misinformation that misrepresents scientific findings and data analyses. (carleton.edu)
  • Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old climate activist from Sweden, is faced with a dilemma: how will she get to the. (inhabitat.com)
  • Inspired by 16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg, more than 3,500 events in 150 countries are planned for Friday. (thestar.com)
  • On the podcast: A scientist who is also an evangelical Christian wants conservatives to understand the dangers of climate change. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe speaks at Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Texas, on April 3, 2012. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Brian O'Neill, a climate scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, has estimated that slowing population growth to 8 billion would eliminate between 1 and 2 billion tons of carbon emissions annually. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Climate change is caused by an increase in the amount of gases in our atmosphere that trap heat. (arkive.org)
  • But to limit the damage done by climate change many countries have pledged to limit the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. (arkive.org)
  • Connecting to this stance, IBM issued a call for proposals last summer for climate research that can leverage our IBM World Community Grid for crowdsourced computing power, cloud-based storage, and data from The Weather Company . (ibm.com)
  • Although much of my own work at IBM has focused on improving weather forecasts for business applications, I worked on climate problems at NASA in the 1980s. (ibm.com)
  • Climate is the average weather in a place over a period of time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • See first-hand how climate change can break those connections, altering the timing of weather and plant growth, and disrupting the delicate relationships between plants and pollinators such as moths, bees and butterflies. (pbs.org)
  • They don't really know why the weather seems to be changing. (lulu.com)
  • Explains the difference between modelling weather and modelling climate. (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • The Met Office has been providing meteorological tuition for more than 75 years and has earned a reputation for being a world-leading provider of weather and climate training. (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • This climate summary informs Chesapeake Bay stakeholders on Fall 2019's climate and weather as well as projected climate trends. (rand.org)
  • Cold weather, warming climate. (yahoo.com)
  • So, pointing to one weather event as reason for disproving this decadal to centuries-long phenomenon we know as climate change is just false. (yahoo.com)
  • Ekwurzel said it's important for people to distinguish between cold weather events at home and climate change globally. (yahoo.com)
  • Does climate change mean much more extreme weather? (channel4.com)
  • NRDC's experts draw attention to the reality of climate change by tracking climate impacts such as extreme weather and sea-level rise. (nrdc.org)
  • These sensors monitor the environment long-term to measure both the weather (what it's like outside now) and the climate (how the weather is changing over time). (exploratorium.edu)
  • Nonparametric estimates suggest that trends in weather markets follow climate model predictions and are not based on shorter-term variation in observed weather station data. (nber.org)
  • Global warming is likely to bring more variable climate with increased probability and magnitude of extreme weather events. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Future climate may also increase occurrence of extreme impacts on crops, e.g. weather conditions resulting in substantial reduction in yield and quality (for example severe drought or prolonged soil wetness). (warwick.ac.uk)
  • This project identified key stages in annual production systems for target crops or livestock that may be directly or indirectly susceptible (e.g. through pest and disease pressures) to climate variation or weather extremes and assembled findings from individual models to determine overall impact and risk associated with the target systems. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather within the context of longer-term average conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change, used as a noun, became an issue rather than the technical description of changing weather. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even with concerted efforts to curb climate change, it's clear we are already living through the effects of a. (inhabitat.com)
  • There are many things you can do to help reduce the effects of climate change. (fed.us)
  • General circulation models, based on the physical sciences, are often used in theoretical approaches to match past climate data, make future projections, and link causes and effects in climate change. (lulu.com)
  • It is critical that local utilities responsibly manage water resources in all local communities in order to minimize the effects of climate change. (wef.org)
  • His work is focused on communities confronting the effects of globalization and climate change. (yahoo.com)
  • The Senior Resiliency project focused on preparing long-term care and assisted living senior housing for possible climate-related health effects. (cdc.gov)
  • WASHINGTON (March 13, 2015) - The Federal Emergency Management Agency announced Thursday it finalized new policy guidance requiring states to consider climate change's projected effects when they plan and prepare for natural disasters. (nrdc.org)
  • Although we were motivated in this research by an objective to expose effects of human-made global warming as soon as possible, we use an empirical approach that does not require knowledge of the causes of observed climate change. (pnas.org)
  • Researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health are exploring the direct and indirect effects of climate change on our waters. (harvard.edu)
  • The report also explores how climate change effects are amplified through the linking of multiple economic sectors, for example water, energy and agriculture . (organicconsumers.org)
  • It is too late to reverse many of the effects of climate change. (arkive.org)
  • The studio provides a platform for discussing the effects of climate change, causes of global warming and possible solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate action is a vast opportunity for sustainable global development, with investment potential in the trillions of dollars and the ability to drive innovation and create green industries and new jobs. (worldbank.org)
  • In addition to our work on public lands, the Forest Service works with private landowners, non-governmental organizations, and tribal governments to foster climate-informed, sustainable land management. (fed.us)
  • Coal, oil and natural gas-a kid-friendly guide to how humans got their hands on the energy sources that changed history. (nasa.gov)
  • Since the late 1800's, the actions of humans have exponentially accelerated climate change. (carleton.edu)
  • Many believe activities from humans can not be to blame for changes in the climate. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Are humans influencing climate change, and to what degree? (bbc.co.uk)
  • And: 'Are humans able to manage climate change predictably by adjusting one or two factors out of the thousands involved? (bbc.co.uk)
  • The most fundamental question is: 'Can humans manipulate climate predictably? (bbc.co.uk)
  • Climate change is often interchanged with the phrase 'global warming', as the principal way in which humans are affecting the climate is through the release of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the air (4) . (arkive.org)
  • Eco-Schools USA Climate Change Connections (CCC) is a 9th-12th grade curriculum , designed to build upon and utilize the many NASA mission resources, programs, and associated interfaces to enhance authentic learning experiences for both educators and students. (nwf.org)
  • Amsterdam, 1 August 2014 - More than 300 days after it was illegally boarded following a high profile peaceful protest against Arctic oil drilling, the Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise has finally departed Murmansk, Russia en route for its home. (greenpeace.org)
  • Millions expected to protest for climate action Friday. (thestar.com)
  • Republicans abandoned the phrase "global warming" and started using "climate change" in 2002 after a memo from political consultant Frank Luntz. (commondreams.org)