Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.
Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Activities performed by humans.
Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina_new_faq.html, accessed 5/12/2020)
The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
An order of amoeboid EUKARYOTES characterized by reticulating pseudopods and a complex life cycle with an alternation of generations. Most are less than 1mm in size and found in marine or brackish water.
High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.
The genus Lepus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Hares are born above ground, fully furred, and with their eyes and ears open. In contrast with RABBITS, hares have 24 chromosome pairs.
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.
The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.
A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.
VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.
A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
Organisms that live in water.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
The physical measurements of a body.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.
A genus of marine mussels in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. The species MYTILUS EDULIS is the highly edible common mussel.
Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
The climate of a very small area.
Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.
The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
An order of insects comprising three suborders: Anisoptera, Zygoptera, and Anisozygoptera. They consist of dragonflies and damselflies.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.
Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta.
Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.
The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. It is best known for the COFFEE beverage prepared from the beans (SEEDS).
The geographic designation for states bordering on or located in the Pacific Ocean. The states so designated are Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. (U.S. Geologic Survey telephone communication)
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Ecological and environmental entities, characteristics, properties, relationships and processes.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)
The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.

Shifts in phenology due to global climate change: the need for a yardstick. (1/1431)

Climate change has led to shifts in phenology in many species distributed widely across taxonomic groups. It is, however, unclear how we should interpret these shifts without some sort of a yardstick: a measure that will reflect how much a species should be shifting to match the change in its environment caused by climate change. Here, we assume that the shift in the phenology of a species' food abundance is, by a first approximation, an appropriate yardstick. We review the few examples that are available, ranging from birds to marine plankton. In almost all of these examples, the phenology of the focal species shifts either too little (five out of 11) or too much (three out of 11) compared to the yardstick. Thus, many species are becoming mistimed due to climate change. We urge researchers with long-term datasets on phenology to link their data with those that may serve as a yardstick, because documentation of the incidence of climate change-induced mistiming is crucial in assessing the impact of global climate change on the natural world.  (+info)

Protistan diversity in the Arctic: a case of paleoclimate shaping modern biodiversity? (2/1431)

BACKGROUND: The impact of climate on biodiversity is indisputable. Climate changes over geological time must have significantly influenced the evolution of biodiversity, ultimately leading to its present pattern. Here we consider the paleoclimate data record, inferring that present-day hot and cold environments should contain, respectively, the largest and the smallest diversity of ancestral lineages of microbial eukaryotes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We investigate this hypothesis by analyzing an original dataset of 18S rRNA gene sequences from Western Greenland in the Arctic, and data from the existing literature on 18S rRNA gene diversity in hydrothermal vent, temperate sediments, and anoxic water column communities. Unexpectedly, the community from the cold environment emerged as one of the richest observed to date in protistan species, and most diverse in ancestral lineages. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This pattern is consistent with natural selection sweeps on aerobic non-psychrophilic microbial eukaryotes repeatedly caused by low temperatures and global anoxia of snowball Earth conditions. It implies that cold refuges persisted through the periods of greenhouse conditions, which agrees with some, although not all, current views on the extent of the past global cooling and warming events. We therefore identify cold environments as promising targets for microbial discovery.  (+info)

Cryptic biodiversity in a changing world. (3/1431)

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Islands in the sky: the impact of Pleistocene climate cycles on biodiversity. (4/1431)

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Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest. (5/1431)

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Climate change and respiratory disease: European Respiratory Society position statement. (6/1431)

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Australia's dengue risk driven by human adaptation to climate change. (7/1431)

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Climate change and sexual size dimorphism in an Arctic spider. (8/1431)

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Guidance Note 1: 12 reasons why climate change adaptation M&E is challenging Guidance Note 2: Selecting indicators for climate change adaptation programming Excerpt ToCs can and are tailored to various levels of analysis and intervention. ToCs are not solely reserved for long-term and large-scale planning. They can also be very effective for mapping out community-based and
Climate change adaptation is the ability of a society or a natural system to adjust to the (changing) conditions that support life in a certain climate region, including weather extremes in that region. The current discussion on climate change adaptation began in the 1990s, with the publication of the Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Since the beginning of the 21st century, most countries, and many regions and municipalities have started to develop and implement climate change adaptation strategies and plans. But since the implementation of adaptation measures must be planned and conducted at the local level, a major challenge is to actually implement adaptation to climate change in practice. One challenge is that scientific results are mainly published on international or national levels, and political guidelines are written at transnational (e.g., European Union), national, or regional levels-these scientific results must be downscaled, interpreted, ...
The 2012 report entitled BC Agriculture: Climate Change Adaptation, Risk + Opportunity Assessment provides a high level overview of the implications of climate chang for the BC agriculture sector, including the key areas of risk and opportunity and the factors that will influence the industrys ability to adapte and thrive. It will provide a baseline assessment of the potential impacts of climate change across the province for the agriculture sector.
Representatives from across the Bay of Plenty gathered in Te Puke yesterday [subs 19 October 2020], to start work on developing a plan for climate change adaptation and building climate resilience in our Bay of Plenty communities.
June 13, 2014) US government action can curb the risks climate change poses to global food security, says a new report (PDF) released by The Chicago Council on Global Affairs.. Building on the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change report and National Climate Assessment, The Chicago Councils study explains how higher temperatures, changes in rainfall and natural disasters caused by climate change could undermine food production and put food supplies at risk. In total, climate change could reduce food production growth by 2 percent each decade for the rest of this century.. The report calls on the US government to integrate climate change adaptation into its global food security strategy. Recommendations include:. -Passing legislation for a long-term global food and nutrition security strategy.. -Increasing funding for agricultural research on climate change adaptation. Research priorities should include improving crop and livestock tolerance to higher temperatures and volatile ...
In late June of this year, a major milestone was reached in the National Adaptation Plan process. An inception workshop was held for the Strengthening the integration of climate change adaptation into development planning in Côte dIvoire project on 25 and 26 June. It is financed to the tune of USD 2.4 million by the Green Climate Fund and supported by the United Nations Development Programme. The workshop was chaired by His Excellency Joseph Séka Séka - the Minister of Environment - and welcomed 68 participants representing a range of stakeholders. These included sectoral ministries, research and development institutions, universities, the private sector, technical and financial partners, NGOs, local community organizations, as well as women organizations ...
Eventbrite - Melbourne School of Design presents MSD Deans Lecture - Increasing Urban Resilience: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning and Governance - Tuesday, 10 October 2017 at B117 Theatre, Basement, University of Melbourne, VIC. Find event and ticket information.
Cyclone SIDR hit the coastal districts of Bangladesh on November 15, 2007 in the evening when it started crossing the country from northern Bay of Bengal with high tidal surges and strong winds of up to 260 km/hr. This study has been undertaken to assess the severity of the damage caused by SIDR, and identify causes of such cyclonic storms in recent years in order to suggest possible adaptive measures for the coastal people to cope with such situations in the future. The study reveals that both natural and human induced factors are responsible for such devastating catastrophes. The study suggests a number climate change adaptation andmitigation options that can be taken to reduce the severity of damages caused by cyclones in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. These include: developing an early warning system; constructing adequate cyclone shelters and tree plantations in the remote coastal areas; constructing structured and fortified houses and livestock shelters; livelihood diversification; and ...
Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit: The Northern Arizona University Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP) established its Tribal Climate Change (TCC) Program in 2009 to provide support and be responsive to the needs of tribes that are preparing for and currently contending with climate change impacts. This program offers training, technical assistance, educational resources, and tools to build the capacity of tribes to address climate change impacts. Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Toolkit collection of templates and other resources assists tribes in their climate change adaptation planning process. The Bureau of Indian Affairs Climate Change Program provides annual travel support grants to permit tribes to attend this and other climate trainings and helps fund the TCC program ...
The Global Climate Change Specialist will provide technical support and advice to USAID field missions and bureaus with strategy development, design, performance monitoring and evaluation of USAID-sponsored climate change programs, particularly those related to climate change adaptation and integration. S/he will be responsible for improving indicators, tools, and guidance related to monitoring the results of USAID climate change programs, in particular climate change adaptation and integration programs. The Specialist will provide quality control on performance reporting, help maintain a system of consolidating performance data, and analyze data for management and communications purposes. S/he will coordinate the collection of contextual data relevant to USAID climate change programs. The Specialist will interact regularly with field missions, provide regular updates on performance monitoring guidance to the field, coordinate with other donor agencies, and help improve and deliver training on ...
Dnva.no. This study arises from the concern that changes in weather patterns will be one of the principal effects of climate change and with these will come extreme weather. This is of considerable consequence in Europe as it impacts on the vulnerability of communities across the continent and exposes them to environmental risks. It is now widely recognised that failures in international efforts to agree on the action necessary to limit global climate change mean that adaptation to its consequences is necessary and unavoidable (Solomon et al., 2007).. The changes anticipated in the occurrence and character of extreme weather events are, in many cases, the dominant factor in designing adaptation measures.. Policy communities within the EU have begun to consider appropriate responses to these changes and an EU adaptation strategy is under active development and implementation. There are also sectoral EU initiatives, for example on water shortages and heat waves, and, at a regional level, on ...
International trade enables us to exploit regional differences in climate change impacts and is increasingly regarded as a potential adaptation mechanism. Here, we focus on hunger reduction through international trade under alternative trade scenarios for a wide range of climate futures. Under the current level of trade integration, climate change would lead to up to 55 million people who are undernourished in 2050. Without adaptation through trade, the impacts of global climate change would increase to 73 million people who are undernourished (+33%). Reduction in tariffs as well as institutional and infrastructural barriers would decrease the negative impact to 20 million (−64%) people. We assess the adaptation effect of trade and climate-induced specialization patterns. The adaptation effect is strongest for hunger-affected import-dependent regions. However, in hunger-affected export-oriented regions, partial trade integration can lead to increased exports at the expense of domestic food
Map of the observed surface temperature change from 1901 to 2012 derived from temperature trends determined by linear regression from one dataset (orange line in panel a). Trends have been calculated where data availability permits a robust estimate (i.e., only for grid boxes with greater than 70% complete records and more than 20% data availability in the first and last 10% of the time period). Other areas are white. Grid boxes where the trend is significant at the 10% level are indicated by a + sign. (Graphic from the The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) less ...
Photo from UNITAR Project Report This project aims to develop a community-driven adaptation plan of action, as well as to facilitate the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into the sustainable development planning process. Primary beneficiaries will include poor and marginalized farmers, agricultural laborers, landless women, indigenous people, small traders and students.. Through the identification of livelihood vulnerabilities to climate change, climate variability and other natural hazards, this project will develop strategies to reduce such vulnerabilities identified in the risk assessment process. The project will adhere to the standard community risk assessment procedures of the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management of Bangladesh and its ongoing Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme.. Risk communication strategies, materials and means will be developed to facilitate government and development agencies involvement and the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into ...
Downloadable! Adaptation to the consequences of climate change can depend on efficient use of ecosystem services (ES), i.e. a better use of natural services through management of the way in which they are delivered to society. While much discussion focuses on reducing consumption and increasing production of services, a lack of scientific instruments has so far prevented other mechanisms to improve ecosystem services efficiency from being addressed systematically as an adaptation strategy. This paper describes new methodologies for assessing ecosystem services and quantifying their values to humans, highlighting the role of ecosystem service flow analysis in optimizing the efficiency of ES provision.
By Lawrence Flint - ENDA TM, 2007. ENDA is one of the few truly international African NGOs whose constituency comprises African populations in urban and rural Africa, many of which have suffered the effects of unequal development since absorption into the European world economy which became global from around 1900. ENDA focuses on a development first agenda, building capacity and resilience among communities and their representative leaders, institutions and decision makers across the continent from its base in Dakar.. Climate change and variability represent serious threats in much of Africa due to the immediacy of their impacts on local communities whose survival, socio-economic and cultural well-being is premised primarily on the natural environment. Nevertheless, climate change is not a new phenomenon and African communities have, over time and space, developed coping strategies, successfully managing livelihood resources from a gradually expanding indigenous knowledge base.. However, the ...
Our project will draw on a comprehensive literature review (using WISE), expert/stakeholder workshops, available hydrological and climate models, and ecological and socio-economic databases developed by the organisations collaborating for this proposal (UNSW, CSIRO and Sydney University). This would result in a significant report for Work Package 4: the Macquarie Marshes. Our objectives are to:. • Identify the likely risks, impacts of climate change, adaptation strategies and limits for the ecological and social communities of the Macquarie Marshes through a comprehensive literature review. The ecological community will include waterbirds, vegetation, fish, invertebrates, carbon cycling, woodland birds and frogs. The socio-economic dimension will identify wetland values (ecosystem goods and services), indigenous values, grazing, irrigation and recreation. Adaptation strategies include; migration, environmental flow allocations, water savings, restoration of deep pools, protection of core ...
The impacts of climate change-such as increased droughts or more erratic storms- threaten to undermine decades of development gains and future development trajectories. Many of the main drivers of poverty in developing countries are intertwined with climate change impacts. Thus, supporting countries to adapt to these impacts and prepare for future expected impacts will be essential for advancing sustainable and equitable development.. UNDPs support in climate change adaptation includes integrating information on climate change risks and adaptation options into national and sub-national planning processes and budgets; and promoting and implementing integrated investments on the ground that safeguard livelihoods and protect development from possible impacts.. For example, through UNDP, nearly 10,000 households in Cambodia have been directly supported to strengthen livelihoods resilience against climate change. This has been done by strengthening practices around water harvesting, soil ...
Cities are facing increasing risks caused by extreme climate events, making housing, infrastructure, traffic, health, ecosystems and cultural and historical heritage vulnerable. Continuous climate change is expected to further increase this risk, and thus the need for adequate and timely response of decision makers at all administrative levels. Accordingly, planning adaptation measures has become a high priority for local government authorities and property owners in cities. However, the cost-effective planning of adaptation strategies is very complicated. The integrated assessment of climate events, associated flooding, damage costs and adaptation measures requires multidisciplinary work and close interaction between professionals and decision-makers. Damage cost assessments and adaptation planning also require context-specific data and modelling, which, all together, can be very demanding in the development of solid local adaptation plans for decision-making.. ...
Speakers: Megan Linkin (Swiss Re), Gary Yohe (Wesleyan University), and Christopher Zeppie (The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey)How will cities manage the risks associated with climate change? Join us to learn how experts are developing risk management tools for identifying, assessing, and managing risks posed by climate change.
It has become apparent that the effects of climate change will be especially important for Southwestern US water users. The NSF-funded EPSCoR project Climate Change Impacts on New Mexicos Mountain Sources of Water focuses on improving hydrometeorological measurements, developing basin-wide and sub-basin snow cover mapping methods, generating snowmelt runoff simulations and long-term climate change assessments, and informing the public of the results through outreach and educational activities. Five new and 12 upgraded SNOTEL sites, four SCAN stations and about 30 new automated weather stations are being added to New Mexico measurement networks. 25 sub-basins of the Rio Grande have been identified as important snowmelt basins where development and testing of snow cover mapping methods will be conducted. High spatial resolution Landsat TM data (30 m) are being used to evaluate estimates of snow cover from Terra MODIS moderate spatial resolution data (250m and 500 m). We aim to identify the best ...
There has been a remarkable scientific output on the topic of how climate change is likely to affect plant diseases in the coming decades. This review addresses the need for review of this burgeoning literature by summarizing opinions of previous reviews and trends in recent studies on the impacts of climate change on plant health. Sudden Oak Death is used as an introductory case study: Californian forests could become even more susceptible to this emerging plant disease, if spring precipitations will be accompanied by warmer temperatures, although climate shifts may also affect the current synchronicity between host cambium activity and pathogen colonization rate. A summary of observed and predicted climate changes, as well as of direct effects of climate change on pathosystems, is provided. Prediction and management of climate change effects on plant health are complicated by indirect effects and the interactions with global change drivers. Uncertainty in models of plant disease development ...
Growing food could become harder which could lead to a food crisis says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The apex body on climate change science released its report on March 31, 2014 in Yokohama Japan. It paints a very disturbing picture for the years to come. This report-Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability-has been prepared by the Working Group II of the IPCC and details the impacts of climate change that have already occurred, the future risks from a changing climate, and scope of reducing these risks ...
This framework provides the approach to be used in completing the National Climate Change Risk Assessment (NCCRA). It includes the framing and templates, along with guidance materials that will be used to assess climate change risks at a national level.
Assigning numbers to the consequences or impacts of climate change might be used in a variety of ways. First, the public might then realize that climate change impacts are happening now, and be more supportive of comprehensive climate change legislation. Second, lawsuits based on climate change and pollution are already being filed in the courts. Third, an analysis of specific events and their causes will help governments and people try to be prepared for the climate change impacts with adaptation and mitigation. And, a United Nations fund to assist developing countries with adapting to climate change might be able to use the numbers to help determine which regions are suffering the most from climate change impacts ...
Climate change has become a major challenge globally. Human activities have several direct and indirect impacts on health. In Nigeria, the impacts of climate change are more devastating due to their vulnerability and low coping capability. Studies on the impacts of climate change on health risks in Nigeria are scare. With this rationale, this study investigates the effects of climate change on health risks in Nigeria. Evidence abounds that climate change impacts in Nigeria arise from climate change-related causes such as increase in temperature, rainfall, sea level rise, extreme weather events and, especially, increased health risks. Health risks such as cerebra-spinal meningitis, cardiovascular respiratory disorder of elderly, skin cancer, malaria, high blood pressure and morbidity were identified as the direct consequences of climate change. The study concluded that government should raise awareness on adverse effects of climate change which is common among vulnerable groups, like women, children and
Climate change is affecting the worlds natural ecosystems, according to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In Latin America, researchers have observed substantial changes in precipitation, temperature, climate variability, and the number and severity of extreme events. This project aims to assess population vulnerability and climate change impacts on waterborne and water-related diseases in Bolivia and Colombia. It will use a participatory, multistakeholder, and transdisciplinary research approach in two Andean Region watersheds, the Lauca River Basin in Bolivia and the Cauca River Basin in Colombia, to develop ecosystem and human health policy adaptation strategies. These river basins are home to indigenous communities and large urban centres, such as Cali. Although on different development paths, communities in both regions are dealing with changes in water availability and quality due to climate change. This affects commercial and subsistence ...
Those of us who have hoped for a magical, Big Bang, or global agreement on Climate Change, may feel disappointed at Christiana Figueress (Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) conclusion that we cannot have one. Certainly, the past attempts at Climate Change negotiations among the world powers have been dismal. So much so that were happy countries are still talking to each other about Climate Change at all-regardless of what they say. Progress on Climate Change, according to Figueres, will be incremental. (From Global Meltdown: Christiana Figueres, Climate One.) Incremental progress, a rate comfortable to nations around the world, sounds comforting, until you realize the intractability of this issue. That once-in-a-thousand-year heat wave that hit France in 2003 and killed 15,000 people is predicted by climate models to occur every other year by the 2040s. (Read The Weather of the Future: Heat Waves, Extreme Storms, and Other Scenes from a ...
Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY
UK - Adaptation measures to help us cope with climate change have the potential to generate further threats for both local and global ecosystems, according to a new study from the University of East Anglia.
Climate change prevents us from being able to predict how and where droughts and floods will occur. Development of alternative water sources can help us adapt.
This Policy Guidance is intended to provide policy makers and practitioners in development co-operation agencies with information and advice on how to mainstream climate change into development.
In Québec, like elsewhere in the world, diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans (zoonoses), which account for about 60% of diseases communicable to humans, are currently emerging. The complex dynamics of zoonoses can be affected by climate change. In response to this complexity, the Observatoire initiated a zoonosis prioritization approach in 2015 in the
The Climate Ready Estuaries program works with the National Estuary Programs (NEP) and the coastal management community to: (1) assess climate change vulnerabilities, (2) develop and implement adaptation strategies, and (3) engage and educate stakeholders. CRE shares NEP examples to help other coastal managers, and provides technical guidance and assistance about climate change adaptation. Estuaries and coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to climate variability and change. CRE seeks to help coastal managers protect ecosystems from projected impacts of sea level rise, increasing temperatures, and other effects. The Climate Ready Estuaries website offers information on climate change impacts to different estuary regions, access to tools and resources to monitor changes, and information to help managers develop adaptation plans for estuaries and coastal communities.. ...
...Regional climate changes can be very rapid. A German-British team of g...The team around Christine Lane (Oxford University) and Achim Brauer fr...But how did the researcher revealed such a accurate time marking? 12 ...Furthermore lake sediments are very accurate climate archives especi...,Rapid,climate,changes,,but,with,a,120,year,time,lag,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
How does climate change affect seed and pollen dispersal, an essential process for plant reproduction? To gain an in-depth understanding, Dr. Céline Born traveled to Marion Island in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean to study Azorella selago, a keystone plant species due to its critical importance to ecosystem function. Using the genotyped specimens found on the island, she is studying the impact of wind patterns on pollen dispersal of Azorella. Our research will be used for the development of a conservation plan for the sub-Antarctic region, which is particularly affected by climate change, she explained. This data will be used to predict colonization of the plant based on various global warming scenarios.. To add or modify information on this page, please contact us at the following address: [email protected] ...
Climate variability and change has been considered to be posing the greatest threat to agriculture and food security in many of the poor, agriculture - based countries in Africa. In recognition of t his, an assessment of climate change impacts on small - scale farmers was conducted in Nyandarua South District to assess the impacts of climate variability and change on the small - scale farmers in the area. The area is nationally known as a high agricultura l potential area producing all year round horticulture produce. Data was obtained through administration of questionnaires, observation and focused group discussions. Through systematic random sampling the researcher administered 375 households questionna ires representing 10% of the total households in the study area. Descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, percentages) and inferential statistics (chi square) were used to produce associations between variables assessed. The results indicate that small - sca le farmers in North Kinangop ...
The climate group uses a range of archives and proxies to document past climate change. The aim is to elucidate the processes governing climate change, providing empirical evidence to test theories and models, including those used to predict future climate change. Our evidence comes from archives including marine and lake sediments and ice cores. We have developed a range of chemical, isotopic and sedimentary proxies of the critical parameters needed to describe past climatic states and the processes that force change. Among other topics we use these tools to look at climate change, ocean circulation, biogeochemical cycles and ice sheet changes, with a strong emphasis on glacial cycles and rapid climate change within the last glacial cycle. However we also study earlier periods of Earth History, and more recent climate change and its impact on societies. We have increased the links between workers on marine, ice-core and terrestrial records and promoted collaboration with the climate modelling ...
UNECE is a driving force in combating climate change in the region. UNECE contributes to define a legal and regulatory framework that facilitates climate change mitigation: from the inclusion of black carbon and particulate matter in the Air Convention to the various regulations and standards reducing emissions and resource use. Extensive work has been carried out on climate change adaptation strategies for water management under the Water Convention. Infrastructure will play a major role in adaptation and UNECE has been engaged in assessing and offering solutions in transport.. ...
Future food production is highly vulnerable to both climate change and air pollution with implications for global food security1, 2, 3, 4. Climate change adaptation and ozone regulation have been identified as important strategies to safeguard food production5, 6, but little is known about how climate and ozone pollution interact to affect agriculture, nor the relative effectiveness of these two strategies for different crops and regions. Here we present an integrated analysis of the individual and combined effects of 2000-2050 climate change and ozone trends on the production of four major crops (wheat, rice, maize and soybean) worldwide based on historical observations and model projections, specifically accounting for ozone-temperature co-variation. The projections exclude the effect of rising CO2, which has complex and potentially offsetting impacts on global food supply7, 8, 9, 10. We show that warming reduces global crop production by ,10% by 2050 with a potential to substantially worsen ...
Fresh off the Press: How Climate Change Impacts Water Supply | A new report by the consulting firm Tetra Tech reveals the impact climate change will have on…
Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) frameworks that measure the impact of resilience programs can help by providing clear, systematic steps and processes to gather and analyze evidence. But new research [4] from WRI conducted while developing the Assessing Climate Change Adaptation Framework (ACCAF), an M&E framework for LoCAL, reveals challenges that are characteristic of the broader thorny bundle of obstacles [5] associated with climate change adaptation, such as the contextual nature of resilience and a lack of standard indicators to measure adaptation progress. This new WRI working paper, Assessing the Effectiveness of Climate Resilience Grants to Local Governments in Least Developed Countries [4], [4] outlines practical approaches to some of these methodological challenges. It identifies three broader lessons learned from creating an M&E framework for resilience:. 1. M&E systems for adaptation must also be adaptable. LoCALs existing assessment system exemplified good practice for ...
The extent of tropical wetlands, the magnitude of loss, and the related socioeconomic ramifications of the destruction of Indonesian wetlands are of global significance. The carbon density and rates of land-cover change in these ecosystems are amongst the highest of any forest type on Earth. Therefo
This summary of a climate change risk assessment includes climate change projections for the Ipswich, Lockyer Valley, Toowoomba and Somerset local government areas of South East Queensland for 2030, 2050 and 2070. During this study three specific risk were identified as being extreme (using the NZ/AS 4360 methodology): increased maintenance and repair costs for roads and drainage assets; Reduced social interaction and physical activity due to reduced use of outdoor areas, or changed patterns and costs of use; and changed demand patterns for sporting facilities ...
India is in the midst of its second drought in four years, with rainfall roughly 20 percent below average nationwide. In the nations agricultural areas of the west and north -- the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and Maharashtra, for example -- the situation is far worse. In Punjab -- Indias food basket -- rainfall is 70 percent below average.
The months of January and February are dry in Anseba, but one will not help notice an oasis in Fiza village around the banks of River Anseba. Here, the people are busy in their farms, some preparing the farms for planting, others transferring tomato seedlings from the nursery to the farms, while others are weeding and spraying the almost mature crops. The citrus trees are heavy with fruit, while the mango trees are flowering. At the edge of the farms, Holstein Friesian cattle are grazing, while their calves moo in a distance. A young girl is singing as she tends to a clutch of chicks. Everybody seems to be excited and preoccupied about one activity or another ...
Anthropogenic climate change results from economic activities increasing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane, which increase the heat-trapping capacity of the lower atmosphere, resulting in global warming with surface temperatures and the annual number of dry days and hot nights increasing over time. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),1 a scientific intergovernmental body established in 1988 and tasked with evaluating the risks of anthropogenic climate change, predicts increased frequency and intensity of extreme events (extreme heat, severe storms, droughts, and floods). The global average sea level rose by 1.8±0.5 mm per year between 1961 and 1990 and 3.1±0.7 mm per year from 1993 to 2003 as a result of thermal expansion of ocean water and melting land-based glaciers and icesheets. Precipitation has increased in some regions while decreasing in others.. Mitigation or primary prevention focuses on reduction of GHG emissions and ...
Search and download thousands of Swedish university dissertations (essays). Full text. Free. Dissertation: Disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in urban contexts: Integration and challenges.
Acclimation, a form of physiological plasticity, is the capacity for organisms to physiologically adjust to temperature variation. Such changes can potentially reduce climate change impacts on animal populations. Research synthesizing the current state of knowledge about physiological plasticity in ectotherms shows that freshwater and marine animals seem to have a greater capacity for acclimation than terrestrial ones. Understanding how climate change affects natural populations remains one of the greatest challenges for ecology and management of natural resources. Animals can remodel their physiology to compensate for the effects of temperature variation, and this physiological plasticity, or acclimation, can confer resilience to climate change1,2. The current lack of a comprehensive analysis of the capacity for physiological plasticity across taxonomic groups and geographic regions, however, constrains predictions of the impacts of climate change. Here, we assembled the largest database to date to
Abstract. East Africa is highly affected by neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), which are projected to be exacerbated by climate change. Consequently, understanding what research has been conducted and what knowledge gaps remain regarding NTDs and climate change is crucial to informing public health interventions and climate change adaptation. We conducted a systematic scoping review to describe the extent, range, and nature of publications examining relationships between NTDs and climatic factors in East Africa. We collated all relevant English and French publications indexed in PubMed®, Web of Science™ Core Collection, and CAB Direct© databases published prior to 2019. Ninety-six publications were included for review. Kenya, Tanzania, and Ethiopia had high rates of publication, whereas countries in the Western Indian Ocean region were underrepresented. Most publications focused on schistosomiasis (n = 28, 29.2%), soil-transmitted helminthiases (n = 16, 16.7%), or human African trypanosomiasis (n =
Literature Review. Scientists claim with a high degree of confidence that the Earths climate is changing and will continue to change throughout the 21st century and beyond, but that the actual cause and the net consequences of these changes, including finding solutions, are not fully understood (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2014; National Research Council, 2011). The difficulty in understanding global climate change arises from the fact that the processes and driving forces inducing changes in the global climate occur slowly and are sometimes too trivial to be gauged quantitatively. Over time these creeping processes and forces become titanic in causes and consequences, to the extent that anyone seeking to analyse them might be astounded by the multiple ecological and social issues linked to them, none of which can be comprehended fully through normal scientific procedures (Moser & Dilling, 2004; Van der Sluijs, 2012).. Climate change science is a human attempt to explain ...
Bonn, Germany Background The Conference of the Parties (COP), by its decision 5/CP.7, requested the secretariat to organize a workshop on insurance and risk assessment in the context of climate change and extreme weather events. Discussions and the exchange of information at the workshop covered the following main issues: Overview of insurance and risk assessment in the context of climate change and extreme weather events; the perspectives on risk assessment methodologies provided by the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC; Insurance industry perspectives; National and international approaches to managing and insuring against natural disaster risks; Public-private partnerships; and insurance and adaptation/maladaptation to climate change. Report of the workshop Background paper ...
Guest Opinion by Dr. Tim Ball. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.. George Santayana (Original quote from his book The Life of Reason, much paraphrased.). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its supporters urge action because the planet and humans are threatened by global warming. We must modify our behavior, mitigate the warming, or die by the millions. In the centuries prior to the First World War (WWI) these reactions were classified as climatic determinism, the idea that human behavior is dictated by climate. As one research group explains.. Climatic determinism has a very long and checkered history. It gave a framework for thinking about the relationship between the human and natural environments by making the climate a demiurge of social universe.. Later, they explain why they are discussing the concept.. While most of such thinking has been discredited, in recent years, the omnipresence of anthropogenic climate change has caused a resurgence ...
The third assessment report (TAR) prominently featured[124] a graph labeled Millennial Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction based on a 1999 paper by Michael E. Mann, Raymond S. Bradley and Malcolm K. Hughes (MBH99), which has been referred to as the hockey stick graph. This graph extended the similar graph in Figure 3.20 from the IPCC Second Assessment Report of 1995, and differed from a schematic in the first assessment report that lacked temperature units, but appeared to depict larger global temperature variations over the past 1000 years, and higher temperatures during the Medieval Warm Period than the mid 20th century. The schematic was not an actual plot of data, and was based on a diagram of temperatures in central England, with temperatures increased on the basis of documentary evidence of Medieval vineyards in England. Even with this increase, the maximum it showed for the Medieval Warm Period did not reach temperatures recorded in central England in 2007.[123] The MBH99 ...
The book Climate Change Denial: Heads in the Sand, by Haydn Washington and John Cook and published by UK publisher Earthscan, is now available for sale. You can order from Earthscan, Amazon or NewSouth Books (for Australians).The book examines the phenomenon of climate change denial. It looks at the many techniques of literal denial, where skeptics deny the evidence for man-made global warming. It exposes denial within governments, who make a lot of noise about climate change but fail to back it up with action. And it examines the denial within most of us, when we let denial prosper. This book explains the climate science and the social science behind denial.Climate change can be solved - but only when we cease to deny that it exists. This book shows how we can break through denial, accept reality, and thus solve the climate crisis. It will engage scientists, university students, climate change activists as well as the general public seeking to roll back denial and act.
Today, President Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum on Climate Change and National Security, a historic measure in addressing the national security implications of our changing climate. The memorandum establishes a policy to consider the impacts of climate change in the development of national security-related doctrine, policies, and plans and provides practical guidance to ensure these climate risks are considered. This includes the establishment of a Federal Climate and National Security Working Group (consisting of more than 20 federal agencies and offices), which will identify priorities related to climate change and national security; facilitate the exchange of climate data and information with the intelligence community and identify gaps; recommend research guidelines concerning the federal governments ability to detect climate intervention activities; identify the most current information on regional, country, and geographic areas most vulnerable to current and projected impacts of ...
To the editor: Stanford political scientist Jon A. Krosnick is puzzled that legislators ignore popular opinion on climate change. Years of polling data, he says, show a majority of people acknowledge climate change and that government needs to control greenhouse gas emissions. Krosnick wishes that polls played a more prominent role in governance. (Stanfords Jon Krosnick: On climate change, most Americans want action, op-ed, May 5). ...
Description: .This Asian Development Bank (ADB) study examined the economic costs associated with the impacts of climate change and the cost and benefits of adaptation in Bangladesh,Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The study aimed to (i) assess the biophysical impacts of climate change in the region, including individual country impacts, and (ii) estimate the total economic loss to the countries in the region by 2100, taking into account the different scenarios and impacts projected across vulnerable sectors, and then to estimate the magnitude of funding for adaptation measures required to avert such potential losses. Results of the study will aid development of future policies and programs for climate change adaptation in the region, including initiatives for regional cooperation and capacity building in climate change management. The study covered the following sectors: agriculture, terrestrial ecosystems, water, marine and coastal resources (except Bhutan and Nepal), health, ...
As part of its most comprehensive study of climate change to date, the National Research Council today issued three reports emphasizing why the U.S. should act now to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and develop a national strategy to adapt to the inevitable impacts of climate change. The reports by the Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering, are part of a congressionally requested suite of five studies known as AMERICAS CLIMATE CHOICES.. These reports show that the state of climate change science is strong, said Ralph J. Cicerone, president of the National Academy of Sciences. But the nation also needs the scientific community to expand upon its understanding of why climate change is happening, and focus also on when and where the most severe impacts will occur and what we can do to respond.. POSES SIGNIFICANT RISKS. The compelling case that climate change is occurring and is caused in large part by human activities is ...
Senior Climate Policy Analyst. Climate Change has now created a public health emergency, according to the medical and public health community at large in an urgent call to action. Climate change is one of the greatest threats to health America has ever faced-it is a true public health emergency, a letter issued this week to policymakers warns. The American Medical Association, the American Heart Association, the American Lung Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics are among the 75 signatory organizations. Earlier this year, the World Health Organization declared climate change to be the greatest health challenge of the 21st century. Health professionals are deeply concerned that scores of people are getting sick and dying - from heat stroke, cardiovascular disease, asthma, respiratory allergies, malaria, encephalitis, dysentery, dehydration, malnutrition, and other life-threatening maladies - as the result of human-caused global warming and associated climate change impacts. ...
Examining environmental and management effects on crop quality draws on plant-defense theories of chemical ecology as well as the related area of secondary metabolite chemistry. According to plant-defense theories, plants are continuously exposed to a plethora of abiotic and biotic stresses in their environment such as pathogens, herbivores, and ultraviolet radiation. As sessile organisms, plants can not protect themselves from these stress factors through movement and have evolved secondary metabolites as defense compounds to protect themselves from various abiotic and biotic stresses (Fraenkel, 1959; Feeny, 1976; Coley et al., 1985; Harborne, 1993) such as mediating interactions with pathogens and other organisms (Piasecka et al., 2015). Some secondary metabolites also serve as signal compounds to attract pollinating and seed-dispersing animals (Wink, 2015). Unlike primary metabolites (e.g. carbohydrates, lipids, proteins) that are ubiquitous across the plant kingdom for their crucial role in ...
This volume deals with the consequences of climate change and issues of international climate policy relating to Africa from a social science perspective. The contributions by international authors question dominant political approaches and key concepts of the climate debate. They explain how the effects of climate change are linked to existing social, economic and political-institutional structures and action by the State. The authors show how social movements in Africa shape climate policy «from below». The volume serves as an introduction into climate change in Africa. It wants to stimulate a critical debate on dominant strategies and points out that there can be no simple answers to the complex socio-ecological and political challenges linked to climate change in Africa.. ...
Data and research on agriculture and fisheries including food supply, sustainability, biological resources, and seed, tractor, forest, fruit and vegetable standards., Climate change is becoming more evident and, as it increases, will alter the productivity of fisheries and the distribution of fish stocks. From an economic point of view, the changes will have impacts on fisheries and coastal communities in different ways. These expected changes require adaptable and flexible fisheries and aquaculture management policies and governance frameworks. However, the forms of future climate change and the extent of its impact remain uncertain. Fisheries policy makers therefore need to develop strategies and decision-making models in order to adapt to climate change under such uncertainty while taking into account social and economic consequences. While most work on climate change in the fisheries sector has focused on fisheries science, this book highlights the economic and policy aspects of adapting
Public opinion on climate change is the aggregate of attitudes or beliefs held by the adult population concerning the science, economics, and politics of global warming. It is affected by media coverage of climate change. A 2007-2008 Gallup Poll surveyed individuals in 128 countries. This poll queried whether the respondent knew of global warming. For those individuals who were aware of the issue, they thought it was human-induced. Over a third of the worlds population were unaware of global warming. Developing countries have less awareness than developed, and Africa the least aware. Of those aware, residents of Latin America and developed countries in Asia led the belief that climate change is a result of human activities while Africa, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and a few countries from the former Soviet Union led in the opposite. Opinion within the United Kingdom was divided. Opinions in the United States vary intensely enough to be considered a culture war. A Gallup poll in 2014 ...
Using a regionally calibrated model, Sinervo et al. (Reports, 14 May 2010, p. 894) predicted potential climate change impacts on lizard populations and estimated that many extinctions are under way. We argue that this model is not sufficient for predicting global losses in lizard species in response to anthropogenic climate change.. ...
Many studies have found associations between climatic conditions and dengue transmission. However, there is a debate about the future impacts of climate change on dengue transmission. This paper reviewed epidemiological evidence on the relationship between climate and dengue with a focus on quantitative methods for assessing the potential impacts of climate change on global dengue transmission. A literature search was conducted in October 2012, using the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and Web of Science. The search focused on peer-reviewed journal articles published in English from January 1991 through October 2012. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria and most studies showed that the transmission of dengue is highly sensitive to climatic conditions, especially temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. Studies on the potential impacts of climate change on dengue indicate increased climatic suitability for transmission and an expansion of the geographic regions at
by Judith Curry A novel method for causal inference has been motivated by . . . sardines. Scripps has a press release entitled Predictions of climate impacts on fisheries can be a mirage, with subtitle New mathematical tool developed by a Scripps scientist can help avoid misleading conclusions for species management. Cause and effect This press…
Coral reefs are delicate ecosystems that are particularly sensitive to human influences such as climate change and environmental pollution. Even if the warming of the earth does not exceed 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius - a limit set by the International Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) - more than 70 percent of coral reef ecosystems are likely to be lost, resulting in an economic and ecological catastrophe.. How do corals adapt to changing environmental conditions? How can we protect corals? Christian Voolstra, Professor of Genetics of Adaptation in Aquatic Systems at the University of Konstanz, assigns great importance to bacteria and other microorganisms. He emphasizes that no animal or plant lives alone - they are constantly interacting with bacteria and other microbes. Researchers call this a metaorganism - a tribute to the notion that all animal and plant hosts interact closely with their associated microbes. Corals are particular illustrative examples of metaorganisms, given that their ...
Today is Blog Action Day 2009. This is an annual event, held every October 15, with a goal of encouraging an outpouring of simultaneous comment on an important issue calling for global action. This year, the designated subject is climate change. Back in January, I wrote a blog post summarizing my position on climate change. Entitled Pascals Wager and Climate Change, the post makes the argument that even if youre a skeptic about climate change or humanitys role in causing it, the risks of ignoring the issue are great, and the benefits from addressing it are significant even if scientists are completely wrong about the causes.
This research explored the consequences of climate change and climate variability in the Niger River Basin for human security and the risk of conflict. The research examined the linkages between climate, conflict, human security, adaptation and resilience in a multi-scale study that included three case studies of water management and climate impacts on the River Niger. Two of the case studies are in Mali and one is in Nigeria.. The River Niger traverses a region of the Sahel that has experienced significant reductions in rainfall and river flow since the late 1960s as well as extreme rainfall events and significant flooding impacts in recent years. The impacts of future climate change in the region are highly uncertain. This research assessed the tensions and risks of conflict associated with water resources and climate stresses, as well as the impacts on the livelihoods and human security of vulnerable populations. The significance of climate stresses is carefully assessed in the context of ...
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This website, produced by Natural Resources Canada, provides an explanation of climate change in general and in terms of its affect on health and safety, communities, land resources, water resources and coastal regions. It also discusses the effect on each province. It is linked to the Natural Resources Canada Climate Change website, http://www.ec.gc.ca/climate/resources-e.html, which offers an electronic newsletter, links to relevant newspaper articles, publications, speeches, other relevant sites, a teachers guide, and a series of posters depicting the regional impacts of climate change in Canada.. ...
Insurance Journal: ... 2007 marked a turning point on climate change. In February, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued the first of three reports. It confirmed: 1) the temperature in the atmosphere and the oceans has grown warmer and can be expected to continue to do so. 2) The amount of greenhouse gasses, mainly CO2 and some methane, has increased markedly since 1750. 3) These gasses are the most significant cause for the temperature increase. 4) Human activity is primarily responsible for their production. Examinations of the likely impact and the remedial steps needed to slow or reverse it followed. Al Gore also played a major role in this debate, going from politician to Oscar winning filmmaker - for An Inconvenient Truth - to Nobel Peace Prize winner (shared with the IPCC). But his political stances have alienated a lot of people, particularly in the United States. The insurance industry, however, has taken a leading role in documenting climate change and in attempting to ...
1990-26. Climate change is of key importance. We are committed to undertake common efforts to limit emissions of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide. We strongly support the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and look forward to the release of its full report in August.. 1990-27. We reiterate our support for the negotiation of a framework convention on climate change, under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).. 1990-28. The convention should be completed by 1992.. 1990-29. Work on appropriate implementing protocols should be undertaken as expeditiously as possible and should consider all sources and sinks.. 1990-30. We welcome the amendment of the Montreal Protocol to phase out the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the year 2000 and to extend coverage of the Protocol to other ozone-depleting substances.. 1990-31. We acknowledge that enhanced levels of cooperation will be necessary with ...
8 References. AMBRIZZI, T. et al. Sumário Executivo do Volume 1 - Base Científica das Mudanças Climáticas. Contribuição do Grupo de Trabalho 1 para o 1º Relatório de Avaliação Nacional do Painel Brasileiro de Mudanças Climáticas. PBMC, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. 2012. 34p. [ Links ] AYLETT, A. Progress and challenges in the Urban Governance of Climate Change: Results of a Global Survey. Cambridge, MA: MIT, 2014. [ Links ] BARBI, F. Governing Climate Change in China and Brazil: Mitigation Strategies. Journal of Chinese Political Science, 21 (3), 357-370, 2015. [ Links ] BASSO, L.; VIOLA, E. From co-leader to loner: Brazilian wavering positions in climate change negotiations. In: ISSBENER, L.; LÉNA, P. (ed.). Brazil in the Anthropocene: Conflicts between predatory development and environmental policies. London: Routledge, 177-201, 2017. [ Links ] BRASIL. 2012. Política Nacional de Proteção e Defesa Civil - PNPDEC. [ Links ] BULKELEY, H. Cities and governing of climate change. Annu. ...
While many studies have found associations between climate change and factors affecting Chagas disease transmission, the future impact of climate change on the global spread of Chagas disease remains debatable. A qualitative, systematic review was conducted to assess the impact of climate change on Chagas disease transmission in the Americas (Central America, South America, and North America). The literature search was performed in January 2019 using the keywords climate, Chagas, and
The researchers simulations suggest that while there are many uncertainties, at least a third of species are likely to lose more than half their range under climate change. Early action is often viewed as critical to preventing species loss under climate change but relies on models predicting into the future that are surrounded by uncertainty. Whilst predictions for a specific species may be considered unreliable, we can identify where the impact of climate change on freshwater biodiversity in NSW is most consistent, as well as where different sources of uncertainty are influential, said Dr Alex Bush, co-author of the Freshwater Biology study.. We hope that by better communicating the distribution of modeling uncertainty, more strategic approaches can be employed to improve adaptive management and balance risks.. ...
Strengthening capacity for climate change adaptation through support to Integrated Watershed Management Programme in Lesotho (FSP ...
At a climate summit at the Vatican, Gov. Jerry Brown said the world may have reached a tipping point on global warming and that humanity must reverse course or face extinction.. Brown is at the Vatican amid stepped up efforts to bring support for policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The summit was called by Pope Francis following the recent release of his encyclical on climate change.. We have to respond, and if we dont the world will suffer, we will all suffer, Brown said. In fact, many people, millions are suffering already.. Brown addressed dozens of mayors and other local government officials from around the world Monday, issuing criticism of Republican politicians and business interests skeptical of climate change. The governor is scheduled to also address the gathering Tuesday and Wednesday.. Brown, a onetime Jesuit seminarian, has made climate change a central theme of his tenure in his second stint as California governor. He is promoting a plan to set what the administration ...
Fifth Assessment Report - Mitigation of Climate Change assesses the options for mitigating climate change and their underlying technological, economic and institutional requirements. It transparently lays out risks, uncertainty and ethical foundations of climate change mitigation policies on the global, national and sub-national level, investigates mitigation measures for all major sectors and assesses investment and finance issues.
Due to the increasing global population, the demand for energy resources is also growing quickly. As early as 2012, researchers reported that a large portion of the worldwide energy requirement (80%) is still fulfilled by fossil fuels, including petroleum, nature gases, and coal.1 However, the use of such resources results in an increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHS) and many associated environmental problems, including climate change, acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer, sea level rises, and global warming.2,3 According to the studies of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the CO2 gas emitted by the burning of fossils fuel among all other anthropogenic gases is supposed to be the chief source of climate change and global warming.4,5 Thus in an ideal scenario, there should be a balance between CO2 production and consumption, but unfortunately this has been disrupted.6 It has been reported that the atmospheric level of CO2 reached up to ∼403.95 ppm by July 2017 ...
A series of international meetings on climate policy were held starting in 1990 and culminating in the Kyoto Protocol of 1997, which called for significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Since then substantial differences have developed between the American and European Union approaches to Kyoto. Dr. Thorning will discuss the economic, political and cultural fctors leading to the differences in climate change policies favored by the U.S. and the E.U. She will also discuss recent changes in the E.U. climate change policy and explore options for a global solution to the potential threat of climate change.. Dr. Thorning is Senior Vice President and Chief Economist of the American Council for Capital Formation. She also serves as Senior Vice President and Director of Research for the ACFF Center for Policy Research, which focues on tax and environmental policies. Previously she served at the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Federal Trade Commission. Dr. ...
During the last week of September prominent figures from government, finance, business, and civil society came together in New York for the United Nations Climate Summit 2014 to catalyse meaningful action to address climate change. Many climate-related actions may bring co-benefits for the reduction of air pollution both locally and globally. However, this is not a given: it is crucial that such policies are carefully designed to ensure they do not shift the problem from climate change to air pollution. That could pose implementation problems for States wanting, on the one hand, to comply with their climate-related obligations and, on the other hand, to comply with their air pollution reduction obligations under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (Air Convention) and its protocols. Earlier this year the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2012 almost 600,000 deaths in the European region were attributable to air pollution, with the vast majority ...
Dr. Dubrow has been heavily involved in the educational mission of Yale School of Public Health, as well as in research. Moved by what he sees as the greatest public health challenge in this century, Dr. Dubrow has committed himself to a new direction of education, training, and research on climate change and health. He serves as Faculty Director for a new Climate Change and Health Initiative at Yale School of Public Health, which aims to 1) create a cohort of leaders dedicated to addressing climate change and health; 2) establish an educational program on climate change and health for students across the University; 3) catalyze research on climate change and health utilizing Yales multidisciplinary expertise to generate innovative interventions and policy prescriptions; and 4) utilize public health science to support legislative, litigative, regulatory, executive, community, and other efforts to mitigate or adapt to climate change and to achieve climate justice. Dr. Dubrow serves on the ...
14 November 2002 CIESIN is pleased to announce the availability of a new set of disaggregated population and income projections derived from the scenarios developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES). These national-level estimates of population and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) density for 1990-2100 and gridded population and GDP estimates for 1990 and 2025 were developed under the guidance of the IPCC Task Group on Scenarios for Climate Impact Assessment (TGCIA). The data are accessible through the IPCC Socioeconomic Data Distribution Centre hosted by SEDAC. The site also contains a draft guidance paper and other supporting documentation. see: http://sres.ciesin.columbia.edu/tgcia/ ...
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IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Solomon S., Qin D., Manning M., Chen Z., Marquis M., Averyt K.B., Tignor M., and Miller H.L. (eds.). http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_synthesis_report.htm ...
IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Solomon S., Qin D., Manning M., Chen Z., Marquis M., Averyt K.B., Tignor M., and Miller H.L. (eds.). http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_synthesis_report.htm ...
"Either we change our way of life now, or climate change will change it for us." Keynote speeches by Daniel Nepstad, Director of ... Cooper, Helene (15 November 2009). "Leaders Will Delay Deal on Climate Change". New York Times. "Durban to Host Climate ... They did not foresee that the conference would become one of the most influential global events on forests and climate change ... Promoting synergies between climate change mitigation and adaptation across landscapes: More research is needed to explore ...
"World Economic Forum; Climate Change; CEO Climate Policy Recommendations to G8 Leaders". World Economic Forum. Archived from ... He also remains a strong advocate of a legally binding climate change deal, but has publicly voiced concern about the potential ... "It's important to change both the company's mind set and reporting lines," Deripaska said. "Instead of top-down management, you ... Deripaska is one of the 16 global business leaders who drafted CEO Climate Policy Recommendations to G8 Leaders, a document ...
Climate change; the Prison Industrial Complex; Slavery; Settler Colonialism; the destruction of sea otter habitats; the ...
"Disruption: Climate. Change". Disruption: Climate. Change. Retrieved March 24, 2019.. ... The Age of Consequences (2016), retrieved June 30, 2017 "The Age of Consequences - Climate change risks to conflict & security ... Jared is the writer, director, and producer of Disruption, a Vimeo Staff Pick following the People's Climate March. He is the ... Best Changing Planet Film, 2020, for The Great Green Wall Philadelphia Environmental Film Festival, Winner, Environmental ...
... marine and climate change issues). Reviews in the 3rd cycle, launched in 2009 enhance policy advice and implementation by ... climate change; energy and environment integration; coastal zone management; nature and biodiversity; waste management. Since ... "OECD REPORT SUPPORTS RUDD LABOR GOVERNMENT'S ACTION ON CLIMATE". Media Man Australia. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2011. " ... bringing about positive change to the environment. Recommendations are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental ...
Climate Change. 1979 Institute of Meteorology and Atmospheric Environmental Research (IMK-IFU) KIT Research Papers (Harvard ... Academician Francis of Assisi Academy for the Protection of the Earth Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Climate ... Member of the Advisory Board of the German Government's climate (1988-1996) Member of the Expert Group for Global Environmental ...
A 2006 government report outlining future climate change mitigation and energy policies was seen by the operator as a sign that ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Professor Peter Gluckman (13 August 2009). "Climate change". Office of the Prime ...
Climate Change. 76 (1): 63. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.693.8761. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-9005-2. Retrieved January 19, 2017. "180th ...
Climate change can cause bees to emerge at times in the year when flowering plants were not available. Seven out of the ten ... Climate] change may impact further on particular pollinators... Moreover, the co-operative element of various different stress ... Gosden Emily (29 March 2014) Bees and the crops they pollinate are at risk from climate change, IPCC report to warn The Daily ... Soroye, Peter; Newbold, Tim; Kerr, Jeremy (7 February 2020). "Climate change contributes to widespread declines among bumble ...
Climate Change 2012 (113): 77. Glaister, Dan (21 June 2015). "LA Times 'wikitorial' gives editors red faces publisher = The ... Climate Change. 2012 (113): 77. Bibcode:2012ClCh..113...69E. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0415-7. S2CID 154854293. Kelly, Kevin. "The ... Mass amateurization is changing the definition of words like journalist and photographer to include non-professionals outside ... Furthermore, mass amateurization is changing the way news and other content is diffused and consumed by the public through ...
His work on climate change has included representing the UK government at December 2018's COP24 UN Climate Change Conference in ... climate change; OECD relationship; fintech/cyber and the illegal wildlife trade), FCO Services Overseas and the Prosperity Fund ... "Climate protesters disrupt Hammond's Mansion House speech". BBC News. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019. "Tory MP Mark Field ... Katowice, Poland as well as the San Francisco Climate Summit and PIF in Nauru earlier that year. He promoted UK expertise ...
"Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice , Climate Change". Live Science. Retrieved 31 May 2016. "'Cryo-egg' to ... "Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice , Climate Change". Live Science. Retrieved 31 May 2016. Morales, Alex. " ... "Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice , Climate Change". Live Science. Retrieved 31 May 2016. "Philip ...
These adaptation strategies allow them to be more resilient to climate change Arid lands make up about 41% of the world lands ... The state of scientific knowledge has allowed for the identification of the principal manifestations of climate change on the ... In semi-arid lands, manifestations of climate change on communities and socio-economic activities are more diversified. The ... "The World Atlas of Desertification Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005a). Climate Change". Chapter 13 in: Ecosystems and ...
It is one of four research clusters, the others examining Social and Cultural Identities; climate change; and astrophysics. As ... In practice however, the second line of the second verse is changed to a more vulgar and humorous version. Bishop's one and ...
"Climate Change". Environment Bay of Plenty. Archived from the original on 13 February 2008. Retrieved 3 March 2008. "Regional ... The Bay of Plenty is a popular holiday destination due to the warm and sunny summer climate and public beaches. The Bay of ... The Bay of Plenty has a temperate, maritime climate, with warm, humid summers and mild winters. It is one of the warmest ... Initial settlements in the region struggled: the climate was ill-suited to sheep farming and the geography was inaccessible, ...
Andrew Reid Bell; Maria Carmen Lemos; Donald Scavia (October 2010). "Cattle, Clean Water, and Climate Change: Policy Choices ... Barros-Platiau, Ana Flávia (December 2010). "When emergent countries reform global governance of climate change: Brazil under ... Climate Change. 97 (3-4): 339-372. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.207.1710. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9610-6. Sissell, Kara (September 1997). " ... with the fact that it hosts some of the world's largest natural resources make it a key player in global climate change ...
"The regulation of climate: A sulfate particle feedback loop involving deep convection - An editorial essay". Climate Change. 39 ... The consequence of this will be further climate warming which may lead to even less DMS production (and further climate warming ... whereby a change to the climate system (increased/decreased solar input) is ultimately counteracted and damped by the loop. As ... In his 2006 book The Revenge of Gaia, Lovelock proposed that instead of providing negative feedback in the climate system, the ...
During his first term Johnson has spearheaded increased ITU-T activity in areas including: cybersecurity; climate change; and ...
"Climate Change; Researchers from Lanzhou University Describe Findings in Climate Change". The Business of Global Warming. Feb ... Scholars have come to the conclusion that the development of the Majiayao culture was highly related to climate changes. A ... 2013). "The spatiotemporal pattern of the Majiayao cultural evolution and its relation to climate change and variety of ... from Lanzhou University have researched climate changes during the Majiayao culture and the results indicate that the climate ...
Climate change is likely to impact especially the amount of snow in winter and spring and the general annual temperature, which ... climate change. The Inland rainforest patches are highly at risk to be clear-cut. These forests have been heavily logged since ... Plant and animal species alike would be affected, for example would a drier climate favor more drought-adapted species over the ... Because of their humid climate, the inland rainforest patches support the establishment of oceanic species that would typically ...
The Protocol was updated in 2018 to include good and best practice in climate change resilience and mitigation. After the ... "Climate Change". Hydropower Sustainability Tools. Retrieved 2019-09-20. "Erosion and Sedimentation". Hydropower Sustainability ... such as climate change, gender, and human rights, which feature in multiple topics. For each sustainability topic, performance ... The construction of a dam, power plant and reservoir creates social and physical changes in the surrounding area. As a result, ...
Inclusive urban WASH services under climate change". Future Climate For Africa. Retrieved 2020-11-25. "Climate change , WASH ... Climate change poses increased risk to WASH systems, particular in Sub-Saharan Africa where access to safely managed basic ... Changes in the frequency and intensity of climate extremes could compound current challenges as water availability becomes ... It also enables children to become agents of change for improving water, sanitation and hygiene practices in their families and ...
"Standardized estimates of climate change damages for the United States." Climate Change. (March 1996.) [1]. ... Smith is an expert on climate change policy. He was a coordinating lead author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ... "The Potential Effects Of Global Climate Change On The United States." United States Environmental Protection Agency, Report to ... Climate Change Global Warming Joel B. Smith: profile on World Bank Blogs http://blogs.worldbank.org/team/joel-b-smith Joel ...
... climate change; Geelong Star, retrieved 19 November 2017 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Factory trawler Geelong Star ... At the end of August 1990 she was re-registered in the port of Bremerhaven, Germany without change of name, given the port ... with call-sign changed to DENR. In 1995 she was transferred within Germany to Ostbank Hochseefischerei GmbH & Co, Sassnitz and ...
"Pakistan , Floods , Climate Change". Globalpost.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2010 ... "Peshawar climate data". pakmet.com.pk. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. "UN starts relief works in flood hit ... The Climate & Development Knowledge Network was engaged to advise on how to make the new infrastructure resilient to extreme ... "Billing cycle of North Karachi changed". Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. "Coca Cola donates $1 million". ...
... climate history, extreme climates; rapid climate change; the role of continental break-up in sedimentary basin formation; the ... The Ocean Drilling Program contributed significantly to increased scientific understanding of Earth history, climate change, ... climate change; solid Earth cycles; and geodynamics As described in the ISP, IODP sought to develop better understandings of: ... climate change cycles National consortia and government funding agencies supported IODP science and drilling platform ...
"Climate change". U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Retrieved 2009-09-25. Climate Science Is Not Settled by ... Weiss, Michael J. (October 8, 1979). "CO2 Could Change Our Climate and Flood the Earth-Up to Here". People Magazine. Oreskes ( ... For decades, MacDonald was a prominent scientific advocate for action on climate change. Current JASON energy research has ... including Gordon MacDonald's project to model climate change that soon convinced him that fossil-fuel burning would lead to ...
Lean, Geoffrey (9 December 2011). "Durban climate conference: the bag ladies with a vision". Climate Change. The Daily ...
"Climate Change". eoearth.org. "OCEAN OIL". eoearth.org. "Encyclopedia of Earth Temporary Home". May 4, 2016. Retrieved May 9, ... Two projects that use the EoE as a content repository and resource are the Climate, Adaptation, Mitigation, E-Learning (CAMEL) ...
Cabrelli, Abigail (August 2017). "Assessing the vulnerability of Australian skinks to climate change". Climate Change. 130 (2 ...
Baytown's climate is classified as humid subtropical (Cfa in Köppen climate classification system).[18] Spring supercell ... The plant was officially closed in July 1986, due to a poor economic climate and the decline of American steel in the 1980s. ... creating a more pleasant climate than inland communities like Houston.[22] Winters in the area are temperate with typical ... Recent changes. *Upload file. Tools *What links here. *Related changes. *Upload file ...
... and predictions stated by climate scientists at the climate change pre-summit in Copenhagen,[18] it is highly likely most of ... Climate change and the flooding of the Vistula delta[edit]. Widespread flooding along the Vistula River in south-eastern Poland ... The climate of the Vistula valley, its plants, animals, and its very character changed considerably during the process of ... Channel changes[edit]. As with some aggrading rivers, the lower Vistula has been subject to channel changing. ...
Network of Climate Change Risks on Forests (FoRisk): SNS Workshop, Umea, Sweden.: 14-15.. ...
Her name was changed to Mary Astor during a conference among Paramount Pictures chief Jesse Lasky, film producer Walter Wanger ... "absorbed and assumed something of the atmosphere and emotional climate of the picture." She said it offered "a new and exciting ...
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Calipatria has a hot desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.[ ... Climate Summary for Calipatria, California. *^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on ... Climate[edit]. This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. ...
... changes in the medical marketplace had influenced the type of response in the journals.[91] Changes included relaxed medical ... It is time to change this."[196] Conflicts of interest. Some commentators have said that special consideration must be given to ... "NCCIH Strategic Plan 2016-2021, or: Let's try to do some real science for a change". Science-Based Medicine. 2016-04-04. ... and change.[16][43] Healthcare practices categorized as alternative may differ in their historical origin, theoretical basis, ...
"Will dragonblood survive the next period of climate change? Current and future potential distribution of Dracaena cinnabari ( ... ClimateEdit. Climates remained moderately warm, although the slow global cooling that eventually led to the Pleistocene ... Greenland may have begun to have large glaciers as early as 7 to 8 million years ago,[citation needed] although the climate for ... As the earth went from the Oligocene through the Miocene and into the Pliocene, the climate slowly cooled towards a series of ...
The Brazilian Highlands or Brazilian Plateau (Portuguese: Planalto Brasileiro) are an extensive geographical region, covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, in all approximately half of the country's land area, or some 4,500,000 km2 (1,930,511 sq mi). In addition, the vast majority of Brazil's population (190,755,799; 2010 census) lives in the highlands or on the narrow coastal region immediately adjacent to it. Ancient basaltic lava flows gave birth to much of the region. However, the time of dramatic geophysical activity is long past, as there is now no seismic or volcanic activity. Erosion has also played a large part in shaping the Highlands, forming extensive sedimentary deposits and wearing down the mountains. The Brazilian Highlands are recognized for the great diversity to be found there: within the region there are several different biomes, vastly different climatic conditions, many types of soil, and thousands of animal and plant species. ...
As a result, the chemistry of the soil changes. Biological decomposition accelerates and the microbiota mass increases at the ... Adjust the foods you grow based on your local climate and conditions ... Fukuoka advocated avoiding any change in the natural landscape. This idea differs significantly from some recent permaculture ... practice that focuses on permaculture design, which may involve the change in landscape. For example, Sepp Holzer, an Austrian ...
Ahrens, C. Donald (1994). Meteorology Today: an introduction to weather, climate, and the environment (5th ed.). St. Paul MN: ... Sunlight is also subject to Raman scattering, which changes the rotational state of the molecules and gives rise to ... with light completely changing direction each five micrometers on average. The λ−4-type scattering is caused by the nanoporous ...
... a website devoted to criticising the science of climate change."[16] Louise Gray wrote in The Daily Telegraph, "Climate Audit ... Global warming's most dangerous apostate speaks out about the state of climate change science. by Anne Jolis, Wall Street ... Since 2002, Steve McIntyre, the editor of Climate Audit, a blog that investigates the statistical methods used in climate ... "IPCC climate change panel needs transparency, review panel finds". csmonitor.com. The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from ...
Morphology changes within a single plantEdit. Homoblasty. Characteristic in which a plant has small changes in leaf size, shape ... and is generally thicker on leaves from dry climates as compared with those from wet climates.[32] The epidermis serves several ... Considerable changes in leaf type occur within species, too, for example as a plant matures; as a case in point Eucalyptus ... Characteristic in which a plant has marked changes in leaf size, shape, and growth habit between juvenile and adult stages.. ...
These include habitat destruction, over-exploitation, pollution, introduced species, climate change, destruction of the ozone ... Anatomy[change , change source]. Skin[change , change source]. This poison dart frog's skin is blue. This color warns animals ... Adaptations[change , change source]. Respiration[change , change source]. Amphibians like to live near freshwater in warm ... Other websites[change , change source]. Wikispecies has information on: Amphibia.. Wikimedia Commons has media related to ...
The change in direction is due to the difference in the way water and land heat. October is the hottest month no matter whether ... A Tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate ... is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have ... In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either see more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less ...
Ecological changes and hunting have also led to a decline of local species; for example, the New Zealand grey duck population ... The mallard inhabits a wide range of habitats and climates, from Arctic tundra to subtropical regions.[58] It is found in both ... This change in plumage also applies to adult mallard males when they transition in and out of their non-breeding eclipse ... which states that polar forms tend to be larger than related ones from warmer climates, has numerous examples in birds,[40] as ...
"Climate Change, Then Humans, Drove Mammoths Extinct from National Geographic. Retrieved 2008-04-04.. ... Climates during the Pliocene became cooler and drier, and seasonal, similar to modern climates. Ice sheets grew on Antarctica. ... Scientists suggest that climate change during the end of the Pleistocene caused the mammoths' habitat to shrink in size, ... The climate during the Paleolithic consisted of a set of glacial and interglacial periods in which the climate periodically ...
Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research. *Centre for Geobiology. *Centre for Pharmacy. *CIPR - Centre for Integrated Petroleum ...
Lifestyle changes, medications, medical procedures[7][8]. Medication. Azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, ... some soldiers in tropical climates developed such severe and widespread tropical acne on their bodies that they were declared ... The earliest pathologic change is the formation of a plug (a microcomedone), which is driven primarily by excessive growth, ... These strains have the capability of changing, perpetuating, or adapting to the abnormal cycle of inflammation, oil production ...
The later radiation of South American piculets is probably due to changes in topology and climate fluctuations during the ...
JEL: Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters, Global Warming. JEL: Q55 - Technological Innovation. JEL: Q56 - Environment and ... JEL: R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, and Changes. JEL: R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional ...
on this template, to true or failed to let other editors know you reviewed the change. If you find any errors, please use the ... 3. Broad in coverage?: No, lacks thorough coverage of culture, demographics, climate, government and history.. 4. Neutral point ... on this template, to true or failed to let other editors know you reviewed the change. If you find any errors, please use the ... When you have finished reviewing my changes, please set the checked parameter below to true or failed to let others know ( ...
Australia's unique operating environment (including significant variations in ocean climate and conditions) and rejection of ... although with the caveat that a change in government in either nation would compromise any potential deal for construction, or ... and climate. Australian submarines provide a deterrent towards military aggression against Australia, by patrolling the waters ... "Procuring Change: How Kockums was Selected for the Collins Class Submarine" (PDF). Research Paper. Canberra: Department of the ...
Pampas grass is highly adaptable and can grow in a wide range of environments and climates. It also seeds prolifically, with ...
in Different Climates (1744). *The Outline of History of Mankind (1785). *Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question (1849) ...
When Himalayans are raised in cold climates, they can exhibit black coloration of their coats, making them a phenocopy of the ... Because of their constantly changing colors, most Himalayan breeders do not look at markings as a factor when making breeding ... The markings change with age and environment. The colder weather may darken markings, enlarge markings, and also add markings ...
It is studied separately in temperate climates where those diseases are quite unfamiliar to medical practitioners and their ... change in sleep quality, fevers, lumps and bumps? etc.), followed by questions on the body's main organ systems (heart, lungs, ... physiologic changes produced by them. As a diagnostic specialty, pathology can be considered the basis of modern scientific ...
The climate was moist and warm,[70] though subject to seasonal variations.[71] Vegetation consisted of ferns (Cladophlebis), ... "Triassic environments, climates, and reptile evolution" (PDF). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 40 (4): 361- ...
Sue Meyer of the pressure group Genewatch, told The Independent that she believed, "If you change the basic biochemistry, you ... The researchers admitted at the time that it had no prospect of being grown commercially due to the anti-GM climate. ...
It has been known to leave the victim with different colors such as bright red, blue, green, and a rare color change of orange ... It is common in tropical climates. Ulcers occur on exposed parts of the body, primarily on anterolateral aspect of the lower ...
Associations with climate and climate change. U. S. Annual January-December Tornado Count 1976-2011 from NOAA National Climatic ... 2007). Climate Change 2007 - The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the ... Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. ISBN 978-0-521-88009- ... "High Plains Regional Climate Center and University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. Retrieved ...
Debate around climate change frequently hinges on religion, particularly Evangelicalism. To many scientists and scholars, ... How climate change became a question of faith Debate around climate change frequently hinges on religion, particularly ... the nations climate assessment offers not just a dire warning about what climate change may bring in future years, but a ... Test your knowledge Climate change: Is your opinion informed by science? Take our quiz! By Bryan Cronan Staff writer ...
Current news and data streams about global warming and climate change from NASA. ... Play and Learn: Climate Kids NASAs Climate Kids website brings the exciting science of climate change and sustainability to ... What is Climate Change?. Evidence. How do we know climate change is real? ... Climate Resource Center NASAs Global Climate Change website hosts an extensive collection of global warming resources for ...
... to publishing the most significant research across the physical and social sciences on the impacts of global climate change and ... Nature Climate Change is making changes to our article formats to streamline our content and more clearly denote original ... Past perspectives on the present era of abrupt Arctic climate change In recent decades, the Arctic has warmed at over twice the ... Climate change has altered the vertical structure of atmospheric temperature. Global land observations show melting level ...
These gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, warm and alter the global climate, which causes environmental changes to occur ... Climate change is the result of the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily from the burning of fossil fuels ... Climate change is affecting the health of Americans1. As the climate continues to change, the risks to human health will grow, ... Climate Change and Human Health - The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) considers climate change to be one of ...
South Asia Needs to Act as One to Fight Climate Change Nov. 11, 2019 - The World Banks South Asia Regional Climate Adaptation ... South Asia Climate Change Risks in Water Management Jan. 1, 2018 - Water management is a challenge in South Asia. Supplies have ... Coping with Climate Change in the Sundarbans: Lessons from Multidisciplinary Studies Nov 12, 2020 - The Sundarbans is on the ... South Asia cooperates to fight climate threats and disasters May 14, 2020 - A new regional project, Climate Adaptation and ...
... is any significant change in climate lasting for an extended period of time. Climate change includes major ... Top 10 Tips to Tackle Climate Change. 1. Learn about climate change science, impacts, and solutions. ... Climate Change Audit. Eco-Schools USAs School-Based Carbon Calculator worksheet allows students to enter data from the ... Climate Change Audit. Eco-Schools USAs School-Based Carbon Calculator worksheet allows students to enter data from the ...
Climate Change. EPAs climate change website is back, with more content to come. Please return in the coming weeks as we add ... Explore Climate Indicators. EPAs indicators use the best available observed data to show how the climate is changing. ... Understanding and addressing climate change is critical to EPAs mission of protecting human health and the environment. EPA ... EJSCREEN and Climate EPAs environmental justice mapping and screening tool now includes climate parameters on sea-level rise ...
Real-time Evaluation of Norways International Climate and Forest Initiative * Real-time Evaluation of Norways International ... Real-time Evaluation of Norways International Climate and Forest Initiative - Country Report: Brazil. This evaluation ...
3rd Compresensive Acton Plan for Climate Change Policy. Korea. 2004. Ended Amendment of the Promotion Act for NRE Development, ... Highlighted records constitute key elements of climate change energy policy framework. Found: 53 results. (Tip: sort columns by ... Package of Measures to Address Climate Change. Korea. 2007. Superseded Economic Instruments>Market-based instruments>White ... 2nd Comprehensive Action Plan for Climate Change Policy. Korea. 2002. Superseded Policy Support ...
Latest Climate change News. The Latest: China reports results of mass testing Nov. 23, 2020 10:56 PM EST ... Wildlife movements offer window on climate change effects. Nov. 21, 2020 8:10 AM EST ... against climate change after President-elect Joe Biden named the longtime senator and former secretary of state as climate ... Biden names climate statesman John Kerry as climate envoy. Nov. 23, 2020 6:07 PM EST ...
National Programme for Spatial Adaptation to Climate Change. Netherlands. 2007. In Force Policy Support>Strategic planning ... Highlighted records constitute key elements of climate change energy policy framework. Found: 74 results. (Tip: sort columns by ... Tax Promoting Climate Neutral Energy Sources. Netherlands. 2001. Superseded Clean Development Mechanism Certified Emission ... Climate-Neutral Government Operations by 2012. Netherlands. 2001. Ended Policy Support>Strategic planning, Policy Support ...
A specific report within the project was dedicated to the human rights obligations relating to climate change. This climate ... OHCHR , English , Your Human Rights , Environment , Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment , Climate Change ... and to include in the 2015 climate agreement a paragraph that the Parties shall, in all climate change related actions, ... Panel discussion on climate change and human rights (28th session of Human Rights Council). Pursuant to resolution 26/27, a ...
Climate change is a fundamental threat to sustainable development and the fight against poverty. The World Bank Group is ... IDA and Climate Change IDA helps the poorest nations adapt to climate change by building their resilience to disasters, and ... Climate Change. Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. Without urgent action, ... than 1400 climate-related projects that help countries adapt to a changing climate and mitigate the impacts of climate change. ...
Its major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns. Read how it can affect your health. ... Climate Change and Health (World Health Organization) Also in Spanish * Climate Change Indicators: Health and Society ( ... Climate is the average weather in a place over a period of time. Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow ... Human Health (U.S. Global Change Research Program) * Transportation, Air Pollution, and Climate Change (Environmental ...
"Climate change snapshots: Sydney" (PDF). Climate Change, Department of Environment.. *^ a b c "Climate change impacts on ... "Climate Change in the South East Queensland Region" (PDF).. *^ a b c d Most at risk: Study reveals Sydneys climate change ... Climate Commission reports[edit]. David Karoly is an Australian expert on climate change and member of the board of the Climate ... These trends are probably linked to climate change.[52][53] In 2019 bushfires linked to climate change created air pollution 11 ...
Climate change in Finland discuss the climate change issues in Finland. In April 2019 according to police 10,000 people marched ... Finlands National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2022[edit]. Nature and society are strongly impacted by global climate change ... The National Climate Change Adaptation Plan implements the EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change within Finland.[5] ... Climate Change Adaptation Plan for 2022 which aims to handle the risks associated with climate change and adapt to the changing ...
Wild sheep in Scotland are shrinking in part because of climate change, say scientists. The Soay sheep on the island of Hirta ... The findings shed light on how climate change can play a role in altering animals traits over a very short time. ... which serves as a simple natural laboratory for environmental change and evolution. They found that although larger lambs with ...
What is Climate Change?. Climate change refers to any major and sustained change in factors affecting the global climate system ... Learn more about why know the climate is changing. How is the Forest Service adapting to climate change?. To stay healthy and ... There are many things you can do to help reduce the effects of climate change. Simple changes like conserving water and energy ... How does climate change affect forests and grasslands?. Over the next century, the average global temperature is expected to ...
When it comes to climate change, there are certain indisputable facts. Even if you are a skeptic, you should familiarize ... The President has since backed away from his assertion that climate change is a hoax, but apparently feels that the threat is ... President Trump, who once called climate change a hoax, said that he doesnt believe the findings of potentially devastating ... In a follow-up article, I will address a frequently overlooked tool for helping to address climate change. ...
... climate change, global warming and consumption., China was among the near-200 countries to adopt the Paris Climate Change ... Chinas climate change combat. China was among the near-200 countries to adopt the Paris Climate Change Agreement (Paris ... OECD Home EnvironmentChinas climate change combat Environment. #heading { display: none; } ... Everyone knows that it is in the national interest to halt climate change. This is clear in official documents and in ...
Climate Change Resources. *Climate and Health Program. View information, recommendations, and resources on climate change, how ... Climate Change Data. The following datasets can be used to better understand how changes in temperature and precipitation and ... Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, can affect human health in several direct and ... While all communities are vulnerable to health effects associated with climate change, not everyone is equally at risk. ...
Democracy Now! has long covered the issue of climate change. We reported from the U.N. Climate Change Conferences in Paris, ... Summit on Climate Change. Weve interviewed many of the worlds top scientists, writers, policy makers, activists, indigenous ...
Organic Agriculture and Climate Change. As global temperatures rise and weather patterns become more erratic, the intersection ... Organic agriculture provides management practices that can help farmers adapt to climate change through strengthening agro- ... knowledge base to best prevent and confront changes in climate. FAO promotes organic agriculture as an alternative approach ... between climate change and agriculture is crucial to understanding the role agriculture plays in contributing to and mitigating ...
With the world on the brink of runaway climate change, it is time to get serious. Were calling upon governments and industry ... Stop climate change. Deeply complex, the climate system drives wind, water, and warmth around our beautiful blue planet, ... Climate affects all life on Earth. Our climate is the engine for life support systems that sustain and nurture us all. Climate ... The cause of climate change is certain. A dirty energy system, fuelled by coal, oil, gas and nuclear power, has failed us. It ...
"The catastrophe that can happen due to global warming and climate change is what this typhoon indicates to the world and it is ... A story of survival in post apocalyptic climate change Australia in 2093. 2093: Alone and cut off from all contact with the ... They act as a way to grapple with the world of non-stop technological development, global climate change, hyperactive news ... To reduce our impact on climate change we must introduce these concepts to ALL architecture students. This book describes a ...
This page provides information about climate change and links to related tools and documents. The page is intended for anyone ... interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate preparedness and ... FEMA Climate Change Adaptation Policy Statement (2012). *Presidents Climate Action Plan (2013)*DHS Climate Action Plan (2013) ... Emergency Management in a Changing Climate. The challenges posed by climate change, such as more intense storms, frequent heavy ...
Concern about how climate change affects food security usually focuses on agriculture in resource-poor countries. But ... See first-hand how climate change can break those connections, altering the timing of weather and plant growth, and disrupting ... But, for a newly discovered crossbill species, this custom-made tool may prove useless if climate change claims its favorite ... and new research continues to open our eyes to their promise as allies in the effort to halt climate change. ...
There are two very important posts out there that Id like to make you aware of related to climate change denialism. Heres the ... Michael Mann, author of some of the best books on climate science (including The Madhouse Effect: How Climate Change Denial Is ... Life as a Target: Attacks on my work aimed at undermining climate change science have turned me into a public figure. I have ... There are two very important posts out there that Id like to make you aware of related to climate change denialism. Heres the ...
To which Abruzzo responded: "Climate change is such a broad topic. I would say that I havent drawn any conclusions across the ... Abruzzo also said that Pennsylvania is doing "its fair share" to address climate change, and that he does not believe there is ... Daylin Leach (D., Montgomery) asked Acting DEP Secretary E. Christopher Abruzzo whether he believed in climate change, and ... but we as Americans and we as citizens of the planet can do to address some of the factors that contribute to climate change." ...
Our pragmatic business approach helps clients to respond to the physical risks of climate change, as well as to operate in new ... Related topics Climate change and sustainability Climate-related reporting Nonfinancial reporting Sustainable development goals ... Advising on setting climate change related KPIs and targets. *Helping clients calculate the potential impacts of carbon markets ... Our pragmatic business approach helps clients to respond to the physical risks of climate change, as well as to operate in new ...
  • The second part focused on the adverse impacts of climate change on States' efforts to realize the right to food, as well as policies, lessons learned and good practices. (ohchr.org)
  • The Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the relationship between climate change and human rights (A/HRC/10/61), which was released in 2009, discusses how observed and projected impacts of climate change have implications for the enjoyment of human rights and for the obligations of States under international human rights law. (ohchr.org)
  • Without urgent action, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030. (worldbank.org)
  • Countries and communities around the world are already experiencing stepped-up climate change impacts - including droughts, floods, more intense and frequent natural disasters, and sea-level rise - and the most vulnerable are being hit the hardest. (worldbank.org)
  • Without urgent action to reduce vulnerability, provide access to basic services, and build resilience, climate change impacts could push an additional 100 million people into poverty by 2030 . (worldbank.org)
  • By 2050, according to the World Bank's recently launched "Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration" report, more than 143 million people in three regions , Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and South Asia, could be forced to move within their own countries to escape the slow-onset impacts of climate change, such as water stress and crop failure. (worldbank.org)
  • [4] Recent climate events such as extremely high temperatures and widespread drought have focused government and public attention on the impacts of climate change in Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The impacts of climate change in Australia will be complex and to some degree uncertain, but increased foresight may enable the country to safeguard its future through planned mitigation and adaptation . (wikipedia.org)
  • Mitigation may reduce the ultimate extent of climate change and its impacts, but requires global solutions and cooperation, while adaptation can be performed at national and local levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • President Trump, who once called climate change a hoax, said that he doesn't believe the findings of potentially devastating impacts. (forbes.com)
  • We're winning, but we must move faster still to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. (greenpeace.org)
  • But, said Abruzzo, "I have not read any scientific studies that would lead me to conclude that there are adverse impacts to human beings or to animals or to plant life at this small level of climate change. (philly.com)
  • In today's environment, businesses can no longer ignore the physical, market and regulatory impacts of climate change. (ey.com)
  • Nature-based solutions, like restoring forest ecosystems, are one of the unsung heroes in mitigating the impacts of climate change. (vmware.com)
  • Some of their difficulties stem from the fact that global diplomacy is not well-enough linked to the realities of how real nations and firms actually control emissions and adapt to the likely impacts of a changing climate. (springer.com)
  • Emergency managers should adapt to the impacts of climate change. (fema.gov)
  • As these reports show, climate change is already occurring, with impacts that will become more intense for decades into the future. (rand.org)
  • For example, assessments of how climate change will affect U.S. hydropower ( PDF ) indicate that this sector can absorb the impacts without a need for costly interventions. (rand.org)
  • While we largely understand climate change through the impacts it will have on our natural world, it is the devastation that it is causing and will continue to cause for humanity that makes it an urgent human rights issue. (amnesty.org)
  • Climate change involves not only rising temperatures, but also extreme weather events, rising sea levels, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, and a range of other impacts. (amnesty.org)
  • So while our work must continue to be unbiased and objective, increasingly we are raising our voices, adding to the clear message that climate change is real and humans are responsible, the impacts are serious and we must act now. (amnesty.org)
  • Global climate models developed by the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predict glacial retreat, rises in sea level, and other impacts on human and natural activity, from agriculture to migratory patterns. (rand.org)
  • RAND researchers have a long history of shedding light on the social and economic implications of a changing climate, its impacts on the natural environment, and the challenges it poses to communities, regions, and our national security. (rand.org)
  • The observed global surface temperature rise since 1900 is consistent with detailed calculations of the impacts of the observed increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases (and other human-induced changes) on Earth's energy balance. (nap.edu)
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an international body of scientists established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. (carleton.edu)
  • Educating girls and empowering women has multiple positive impacts on climate, according to Foley and other experts (including Nobel-Prize winning physicist and former energy secretary Steven Chu ). (forbes.com)
  • The agreement also aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change, through appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework. (un.org)
  • The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community conducted a health assessment to address climate change impacts on first foods, incorporating local knowledge and tribal values within the scientific research process. (cdc.gov)
  • Through this process, researchers and other community members were able to better understand the possible impacts of climate change on Swinomish health. (cdc.gov)
  • Impacts on ecosystems include the relocation or extinction of many species as their environment changes, most immediately in coral reefs, mountains, and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • These impacts have led the World Health Organization to call climate change the greatest threat to global health in the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of these impacts are already felt at the current level of warming, which is about 1.2 °C (2.2 °F). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has issued a series of reports that project significant increases in these impacts as warming continues to 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) and beyond. (wikipedia.org)
  • NRDC's experts draw attention to the reality of climate change by tracking climate impacts such as extreme weather and sea-level rise. (nrdc.org)
  • We are also pushing for reforms to the National Flood Insurance Program and making sure federal, state, and local agencies account for future climate impacts in their decisions. (nrdc.org)
  • Across societies the impacts of climate change affect women and men differently. (iucn.org)
  • Projections by the World Bank indicate that, without additional and concrete climate and development action, over 143 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America alone could be forced to move within their own countries by 2050 owing to slow-onset impacts of climate change 2 While some might eventually cross borders, most displaced persons are expected to remain within their countries. (ohchr.org)
  • The interaction between the impacts of climate change and other factors can also exacerbate the risk of conflicts, acting as a driver of further displacement. (ohchr.org)
  • 4 There has also been growing recognition of the human rights impacts of climate change and the importance of a rights-based climate action. (ohchr.org)
  • While the full impacts of climate change on the oceans are unclear, studies predict increasing temperatures, rising sea levels and changes to the ocean chemistry, such as ocean acidification, among others. (iaea.org)
  • Nuclear and isotopic techniques are used to study ocean acidification and have widely contributed to the understanding of the field both in terms of investigating past changes in ocean acidity and the impacts of ocean acidification on marine organisms, such as through the study of biological processes like calcification. (iaea.org)
  • Approximately 130 scientists collaborate across the areas of (i) earth system modeling, (ii) data integration, dissemination, and informatics, (iii) terrestrial ecosystem and carbon cycle science, and (iv) climate impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability science. (ornl.gov)
  • Science driven by the need to better understand the impacts and consequences of climate change on human and natural land-energy-water systems. (ornl.gov)
  • Above all, the burgeoning scholarship that connects climate change to conflict has strongly suggested that violence within and between societies both increases societal vulnerability to climate change and exacerbates the human impacts of climate change. (springer.com)
  • Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. (springer.com)
  • When Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, headed the Senate Commerce Committee in 2005, he created the now-defunct Global Climate Change and Impacts subcommittee. (commondreams.org)
  • Future climate may also increase occurrence of extreme impacts on crops, e.g. weather conditions resulting in substantial reduction in yield and quality (for example severe drought or prolonged soil wetness). (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation - a risk based approach ( Defra project AC0310 ). (warwick.ac.uk)
  • UK Fruit and Vegetable Production - impacts of climate change and opportunities for adaptation. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Climate change is considered to be one of the most serious environmental threats to sustainable development, with adverse impacts expected on human health, food security, economic activity, natural resources and physical infrastructure. (icao.int)
  • The likely impacts of climate change (storms, heat waves,etc.) were initially assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1999 and these assessments have since been updated, the most recent one being IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report issued in 2007. (icao.int)
  • According to the latest IPCC assessments, the impacts of climate change will be felt worldwide (see article Adaptation to Climate Change- Challenges Facing Civil Aviation Stakeholders , Chapter 6 of this report). (icao.int)
  • Adaptation to the effects of climate change is now acknowledged as necessary for responding effectively and equitably to the impacts of climate change. (icao.int)
  • However, in recent years, more attention is being given to "adaptation" - adjusting to and dealing with the impacts of climate change. (icao.int)
  • Similarly, early recognition of climate change and anticipation of its impacts will be essential for adjustments in the future. (icao.int)
  • This early preparation will reduce the impacts to any given degree of climate change. (icao.int)
  • Climate adaptation refers to the ability of a system to adjust to climate change to moderate potential consequences or to manage the consequences of those impacts that cannot be avoided. (icao.int)
  • Event attribution methods estimate that two extreme mass-loss years in the New Zealand Southern Alps, 2011 and 2018, were at least six and ten times more likely with anthropogenic climate warming. (nature.com)
  • and the World Meteorological Organization's initial report on the State of the Global Climate 2018 ( PDF ) . (rand.org)
  • Southampton, Bermuda, 08 May 2018 (XL Catlin/IUCN): A new report by IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, commissioned by the global (re)insurance company XL Catlin, warns of unprecedented changes occurring in the ocean and points to the. (iucn.org)
  • We must connect cities with nature to build resilience in the face of climate change and natural disasters, said IUCN President Zhang Xinsheng while attending the 2018 Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation in Bonn last week. (iucn.org)
  • Melting Away by Ciril Jazbec , winner of the Visura & United Photo Industries 's 2018 Grant for Visual Storytelling on Climate Change , will have an artist's talk on June 19, 2018, from 6 to 8 p.m. at United Photo Industries in Brooklyn, N.Y. The exhibition will be on view through June 29, 2018. (yahoo.com)
  • Limiting global warming to 1.5ºC would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said in their Climate Report 2018 . (un.org)
  • As of April 2018, 175 parties had ratified the Paris Agreement and 168 parties had communicated their first nationally determined contributions to the UN framework convention on Climate Change Secretariat. (un.org)
  • As of April 2018, 10 developing countries had successfully completed and submitted their first iteration of their national adaptation plans for responding to climate change. (un.org)
  • We compare these market expectations to climate model output for the years 2002 to 2018 as well as observed weather station data across eight cities in the US. (nber.org)
  • Nov. 11, 2019 - The World Bank's South Asia Regional Climate Adaptation and Resilience Program (SARCAR) is equipping governments with data and evidence to tackle climate change threats. (worldbank.org)
  • In April 2019 according to police 10,000 people marched for climate peace in Helsinki. (wikipedia.org)
  • With global emissions are reaching record levels and showing no sign of peaking, UN Secretary-General António Guterres called on all leaders to come to New York on 23 September 2019 for the Climate Action Summit with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, in line with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45 per cent over the next decade, and to net zero emissions by 2050. (un.org)
  • Using historical and natural records, scientists have been able to measure the Earth's past climate. (fed.us)
  • People have measured the Earth's temperature and amount of rainfall since the mid-1800s, providing a snapshot of the climate for the last 150 years. (fed.us)
  • Climate change threatens to unravel Earth's complex web of life, and puts livelihoods, coastal cities and food production at risk. (greenpeace.org)
  • Sen. Daylin Leach (D., Montgomery) asked Acting DEP Secretary E. Christopher Abruzzo whether he believed in climate change, and whether he thought humans have contributed to the earth's temperature rising. (philly.com)
  • These measurements are made with a variety of land-, ocean-, and space-based monitoring systems, which gives added confidence in the reality of global-scale warming of Earth's climate. (nap.edu)
  • A large amount of observational evidence besides surface temperature records shows that Earth's climate is changing. (nap.edu)
  • These unique fingerprints are easier to see by probing beyond a single number (such as the average temperature of Earth's surface), and by looking instead at the geographical and seasonal patterns of climate change. (nap.edu)
  • While Earth's climate has fluctuated throughout geologic time, the current change cannot be fully accounted for by natural phenomena alone. (carleton.edu)
  • Human activities are affecting the Earth's climate and warming the atmosphere and oceans in ways that cannot be explained just by nature. (usatoday.com)
  • Though there have been previous periods of climatic change, since the mid-20th century humans have had an unprecedented impact on Earth's climate system and caused change on a global scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • Significant increases in summer temperatures will also affect the carbon cycling in lakes, with potential consequences on atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and the Earth's climate. (springer.com)
  • The Earth's climate has changed throughout history. (arkive.org)
  • Most of these changes are attributed to very small changes in the Earth's orbit changing the amount of energy the Earth receives from the sun (4) . (arkive.org)
  • The term climate change is used to refer to changes in the Earth's climate. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The scenarios were based on four different scenarios produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change following new information about predicted global emissions. (bbc.co.uk)
  • According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, oceans have absorbed more than 90 per cent of the excess heat produced between 1971 to 2010. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • At a workshop discussing what the take homes for Asian countries might be from the latest assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - AR5 - it was pointed out that there wasn't enough science coming out of developing countries to feed the database on emissions or warming in the larger climate change debate. (nature.com)
  • Every four years, the nation's scientists from myriad federal agencies come together to release a comprehensive report synthesizing the current state of climate science. (csmonitor.com)
  • Though to many scientists and scholars, the pitting of climate science and religion against each other is a smokescreen, and an oversimplification. (csmonitor.com)
  • BERLIN (AP) - A "climate guardian" satellite set for launching this weekend will greatly help scientists keep track of the rise in sea levels, one of the most daunting effects of global warming, a senior official at the European Space Agency said Friday. (ap.org)
  • Wild sheep in Scotland are shrinking in part because of climate change, say scientists. (nature.com)
  • climate scientists are regularly the subject of such attacks. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Because I think that the climate science deniers are doing a bad thing, spreading misinformation and lies, and also, behaving (in many cases) badly in other ways, such as threatening law suits or attempting to get criminal charges against scientists, etc. etc. (scienceblogs.com)
  • It confirms what scientists have been predicting: that fires will become more frequent and more intense as climate change accelerates. (vmware.com)
  • Scientists actively work to understand past and future climate by using observations and theoretical models. (lulu.com)
  • There is an overwhelming scientific consensus that global warming is mostly man-made: 97% of climate scientists have come to this conclusion. (amnesty.org)
  • How do scientists know that recent climate change is largely caused by human activities? (nap.edu)
  • Scientists know that recent climate change is largely caused by human activities from an understanding of basic physics, comparing observations with models, and fingerprinting the detailed patterns of climate change caused by different human and natural influences. (nap.edu)
  • The observed patterns of surface warming, temperature changes through the atmosphere, increases in ocean heat content, increases in atmospheric moisture, sea level rise, and increased melting of land and sea ice also match the patterns scientists expect to see due to human activities (see Question 5). (nap.edu)
  • Over the last few months, tens of thousands of teachers around the country have received an unsolicited package from the Heartland Institute that includes a booklet, Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming: the NIPCC Report on Scientific Consensus , and a DVD, History of Climate Change in Greenland . (carleton.edu)
  • The evidence for these changes is irrefutable and agreed upon by scientists. (carleton.edu)
  • The Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change ( NIPCC ) is a much smaller group of scientists and scholars whose members do not believe climate change is caused by human greenhouse gas emissions . (carleton.edu)
  • As the planet edges this year toward what some scientists say will be the highest concentration of heat-trapping carbon dioxide emissions in at least 800,000 years, USA TODAY reporters will travel the country to explore places where climate change is already affecting lives. (usatoday.com)
  • Climate scientists suggest the cold snaps we've been experiencing during the past few years, particularly in the Northeast, have been a paradoxical result of the warming climate. (yahoo.com)
  • Brenda Ekwurzel, a senior climate scientist and the director of climate science for the Climate & Energy Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists, started her career collecting samples and conducting research aboard icebreakers in the high Arctic for about a year. (yahoo.com)
  • This fact, together with the darkening of its surface, mean the changes in Greenland will affect the entire planet and its species, most scientists have come to agree. (yahoo.com)
  • Some scientists disagree with the global and UK predictions for climate change, mainly because the climate had changed naturally before. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Some scientists still challenge the view that climate change can be attributed to human-made gas emissions. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Before the 1980s, when it was unclear whether warming by greenhouse gases would dominate aerosol-induced cooling, scientists often used the term inadvertent climate modification to refer to humankind's impact on the climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various scientists, politicians and media figures have adopted the terms climate crisis or climate emergency to talk about climate change, while using global heating instead of global warming. (wikipedia.org)
  • It sounds like the title of a disaster movie, but a "Hothouse Earth" is what a group of climate scientists say we could be heading for - even if current carbon reduction targets are met. (channel4.com)
  • The impact of climate change will persist for millennia, reports a team of scientists including BC's Jeremy Shakun. (bc.edu)
  • The damaging climate consequences of carbon emissions will grow and persist for millennia without a dramatic new global energy strategy, according to a new set of research-based climate change scenarios developed by an international team of scientists. (bc.edu)
  • Shakun and other climate scientists have developed a clearer portrait of that era of glacial melting and how the climate responded to and recovered from an era of significant climage changes. (bc.edu)
  • At NASA, scientists strive to better understand these changes and how they are interconnected. (nasa.gov)
  • Scientists continue to monitor Jakobshavn closely, and use it as a dynamic laboratory for understanding how other glaciers around the world may respond to global changes in climate. (nasa.gov)
  • The reason it's important to say 'climate change' is because it's an all-encompassing term," said Brenda Ekwurzel, a climate scientist with the Union of Concerned Scientists, an environmental advocacy group. (commondreams.org)
  • Most scientists call it "climate change" unless they're specifically talking about the warming of the earth. (commondreams.org)
  • Scientists are predicting that climate change will cause a mass extinction of many species of plants and animals. (arkive.org)
  • Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. (arkive.org)
  • Local scientists need to conduct more climate change related experiments, write more scientific papers and bolster regional science in order to make a case for these developing countries in the international discourse on climate change. (nature.com)
  • When scientists talk about the issue of climate change, their concern is about global warming caused by human activities. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Climate scientists have long resisted wholly attributing weather events to climate change, but have developed a technique called "fractional risk attribution" to calculate how many times an extreme event should have occurred absent human interference. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Climate scientists led by Peter Stott of the British Met Office analyzed the 2003 European heat wave, the highest temperatures for the area since the introduction of weather instruments (1851), and concluded that human activity could be attributed to 75 percent of the heat wave. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Show me areas with high maize production in agricultural land, with high population density, in areas most at risk to climate change in 2050. (esri.com)
  • By 2050, estimates suggest the majority of humanity will live in cities-many in coastal areas-and they will need to react to new climate realities. (esri.com)
  • His work suggests that lake surface temperatures are likely to rise by up to 3°C in Austrian lakes by 2050 depending on the region, as a direct result of climate change. (springer.com)
  • Predicting summer surface water temperatures for large Austrian lakes in 2050 under climate change scenarios. (springer.com)
  • Many lines of evidence demonstrate that human activities, especially emissions of greenhouse gases, are primarily responsible for the observed climate changes in the industrial era, especially over the last six decades. (csmonitor.com)
  • Eco-Schools USA's School-Based Carbon Calculator worksheet allows students to enter data from the school's climate change audit, calculate carbon emissions before and after taking action, and provide visual tools in the form of charts and graphs to be utilized during classroom instruction and to illustrate classroom and/or school success. (nwf.org)
  • The challenge engages students and teachers in practical strategies to reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions school-wide by improving energy efficiency, reducing consumption, increasing recycling, and changing transportation behaviors. (nwf.org)
  • EPA tracks and reports greenhouse gas emissions, leverages sound science, and works to reduce emissions to combat climate change. (epa.gov)
  • A carbon tax was introduced in 2011 by the Gillard government in an effort to reduce the impact of climate change and despite some criticism, it successfully reduced Australia's carbon dioxide emissions , with coal generation down 11% since 2008-09. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate warming emissions of construction was not taxed in Finland in January 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lower greenhouse gas emissions for crop production and enhanced carbon sequestration, coupled with additional benefits of biodiversity and other environmental services, makes organic agriculture a farming method with many advantages and considerable potential for mitigating and adopting to climate change. (fao.org)
  • Americans can adapt to some climate change, and indeed already are, but a continuing rise in global carbon emissions will make adapting increasingly costly and difficult - especially in densely developed coastal areas. (usatoday.com)
  • Or, more scientifically: 'Will cutting carbon dioxide emissions at the margin produce a linear, predictable change in climate? (bbc.co.uk)
  • Climate change includes both global warming driven by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is essential for fighting climate change as the Canadian Boreal stores an estimated 186 billion tonnes of carbon, or more than 27 years worth of global greenhouse gas emissions. (change.org)
  • Actions to stem emissions of the gases that cause global warming are unlikely to approach what is needed until the public recognizes that human-made climate change is underway and perceives that it will have unacceptable consequences if effective actions are not taken to slow the climate change. (pnas.org)
  • Stabilizing climate with conditions resembling those of the Holocene, the world in which civilization developed, can only be achieved if rapid reduction of fossil fuel emissions begins soon ( 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • Brian O'Neill, a climate scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, has estimated that slowing population growth to 8 billion would eliminate between 1 and 2 billion tons of carbon emissions annually. (thedailybeast.com)
  • As Kathleen Mogelgaard, senior program manager for population and climate at Population Action International, points out, one reason a country like Madagascar has such modest emissions is that it lacks electricity even in many health centers. (thedailybeast.com)
  • WASHINGTON -- As Congress considers legislation to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions and slow global warming, delegates from around the world are in Bali, Indonesia, attending a United Nations conference on climate change. (commondreams.org)
  • The report warns that the disruptions caused by more variable and extreme weather over the last decade - the warmest on record in the U.S. - are likely to increase substantially in the future unless we take action to reduce global emissions of heat-trapping gasses and to enhance our nation's resilience to climate change. (organicconsumers.org)
  • There is solid scientific evidence to suggest that despite the technology improvements as well as other operational and economic measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the climate could continue to change, and the potential consequences might be significant. (icao.int)
  • From its beginning, the international climate effort has focused primarily on "mitigation" - reducing GHG emissions to address climate change. (icao.int)
  • The World Bank works with partners, including the South Asia Water Initiative and the Program for Asia Resilience to Climate Change , providing technical assistance and analytical support to develop hydromet services and early-warning systems for disasters. (worldbank.org)
  • The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support resilience to climate change. (fema.gov)
  • so we can understand the risks, develop proactive adaptation strategies, and increase society's long-term resilience to climate change through policy modification. (esri.com)
  • NASA's Climate Kids website brings the exciting science of climate change and sustainability to life, providing clear explanations for the big questions in climate science. (nasa.gov)
  • That's odd," the senator said, noting that there are frequent stories in numerous news outlets about what he called "the immediate and drastic results of climate change on species' diversity, on human sustainability, on deaths from air pollution, on all kinds of things. (philly.com)
  • After months of consultations with more than 500 community members, McGill's Climate & Sustainability Action Plan has finally launched! (mcgill.ca)
  • May 14, 2020 - A new regional project, Climate Adaptation and Resilience for South Asia, will help make agriculture, transport, and other pandemic-ravaged sectors more resilient to climate change. (worldbank.org)
  • May 12, 2020 - The World Bank Board approved a $39.5 million project to help South Asia build resilience to climate threats by sharing regional knowledge, developing regional standards and guidelines for infrastructure, and promoting climate adaptation policies. (worldbank.org)
  • [10] However, under the government of Malcolm Turnbull , Australia attended the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference and adopted the Paris Agreement , which includes a review of emission reduction targets every 5 years from 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 2020 99% of Finns said action must be taken to stop climate change. (wikipedia.org)
  • September 25, 2020 - When it comes to droughts, the costs of climate change are too high for both birds and people. (audubon.org)
  • September 22, 2020 - Climate change is a major driver of increasingly severe storms that threaten North American birds. (audubon.org)
  • Climate change has altered the vertical structure of atmospheric temperature. (nature.com)
  • Climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among other effects, that occur over several decades or longer. (nwf.org)
  • Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for many years. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The continent's high fire risk increases this susceptibility to change in temperature and climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following datasets can be used to better understand how changes in temperature and precipitation and occurrence of heat waves, floods, droughts, and wildfires can influence human health. (cdc.gov)
  • Indirect estimates of temperature change from such sources as tree rings and ice cores help to place recent temperature changes in the context of the past. (nap.edu)
  • The temperature changes are relative to the global average surface temperature of 1961−1990. (nap.edu)
  • Climate is defined as the long-term record of precipitation and temperature. (carleton.edu)
  • The current measurable change in temperature is due to the increase in greenhouse gases, like CO2, CH4, NO2, and others. (carleton.edu)
  • If you look at the map of the larger world with the temperature change from normal for this time of year, you would see that the U.S. is popping out as extremely cold. (yahoo.com)
  • The Paris Agreement , adopted in 2015, aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. (un.org)
  • Temperature rise is accelerated or tempered by climate feedbacks, such as loss of sunlight-reflecting snow and ice cover, increased water vapour (a greenhouse gas itself), and changes to land and ocean carbon sinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The international team of co-authors, led by Peter Clark of Oregon State University, generated new scenarios for temperature rise, glacial melting, sea-level rise and coastal flooding based on state-of-the-art climate and ice sheet models. (bc.edu)
  • Therefore, we emphasize in this paper how summer temperature anomalies are changing. (pnas.org)
  • I am trying to get the trends data from 1900 to present for a few temperature variables (annual, winter and summer for the min, max, mean changes). (reddit.com)
  • Increases in temperature as a result of climate change are mirrored in lake waters where temperatures are also on the rise. (springer.com)
  • Surface water temperature is directly affected by climate change and is an essential aspect for recreation on the lakes by tourists, particularly during the summer season. (springer.com)
  • Global warming was the phrase used back in the 1980s and 1990s when the initial focus was on the globally averaged temperature of the planet," said Richard Rosen, the senior adviser for climate research within the climate program office of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (commondreams.org)
  • The president said that climate change is changing the terrestrial landscapes of Palau - and the things that help drive the economy: "We have noticed a very drastic change of patterns - drastic change of weather, drastic change of sea level rise, drastic change in the ocean temperature which results in coral bleaching and hence the overall fish population - where they migrate and how they breed. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • Current climate models predict an increase in average temperature in the region of 3 to 5°C over the next 100 years, with an increase in frequency of extremely hot periods and generally warm years (2) . (arkive.org)
  • The urban heat island effect, and its mostly negative consequences of modified temperature, wind, precipitation, and air quality patterns, is the primary instigator of local climate change. (planning.org)
  • While the science has continued to evolve, the core concerning the influence of anthropogenic greenhouse gases on the climate has long been established. (ibm.com)
  • The Copernicus Climate Change service aims to respond to environmental and societal challenges associated with climate variability and anthropogenic climate change. (esa.int)
  • The continental United States has been experiencing notable anthropogenic climate change since the Industrial Revolution. (yahoo.com)
  • Global warming usually refers to human-induced warming of the Earth system, whereas climate change can refer to natural as well as anthropogenic change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Very cleverly, this issue of climate change has been framed as one of false prophets versus true believers. (csmonitor.com)
  • It seeks to develop an integrated systems-thinking approach to understanding and acting upon the issue of climate change. (nwf.org)
  • has long covered the issue of climate change. (democracynow.org)
  • This book collects together, for the first time anywhere, a range of diverse data which proves that the whole issue of "climate change" is more complicated and challenging than almost all researchers into all these topics are willing to consider, examine or entertain. (lulu.com)
  • She will build on the reports of her predecessors 1 to further advance a human rights-based approach to the issue of climate change and internal displacement, in line with the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. (ohchr.org)
  • Climate change refers to any major and sustained change in factors affecting the global climate system, such as surface and ocean temperatures, precipitation patterns, and atmospheric conditions. (fed.us)
  • As global temperatures rise and weather patterns become more erratic, the intersection between climate change and agriculture is crucial to understanding the role agriculture plays in contributing to and mitigating global warming. (fao.org)
  • Climate change is altering the world's water resources, as evidenced through changing precipitation patterns, severe drought and floods, snowpack amount, elevation, streamflow, and rising sea levels. (wef.org)
  • Climate are those weather patterns but measured over decades to centuries," Kanter told Yahoo News. (yahoo.com)
  • However, she said, the more extreme winter weather conditions in the Northern Hemisphere - cold temperatures in the continental U.S. and really warm temperatures in Alaska - is partially explained by evolving scientific thinking about changes in the patterns of the jet streams since the 2000s. (yahoo.com)
  • Climate is a major driver of spatial and temporal patterns in primary productivity. (fed.us)
  • Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more extreme. (un.org)
  • Climate finance should be accessible to both men and women and designed to generate mutual benefits, not exacerbate patterns of inequity. (iucn.org)
  • In collaboration with many of our partners, a suite of new landscape data layers and modeling tools are being developed and put in the hands of researchers and planners, enabling the discovery of emergent patterns to inform agricultural practices to reduce hunger, increase food production and improve climate resilience. (esri.com)
  • Now more than ever, GIS is poised to support researchers and farmers with tools to understand and respond to changing agricultural patterns. (esri.com)
  • Traditionally, climate change refers to any long-term change in normal weather patterns caused by a process that adjusts the climate, such as a volcanic eruption or a cyclical change in solar activity. (arkive.org)
  • I found it quite interesting that an Indian city should have a proper 'action plan' to tackle the effects of changing climate patterns that have resulted in some severe summer temperatures in the last decade. (nature.com)
  • Our project aimed to fill the knowledge gaps relating to the occurrence of extreme events, whose frequency and spatial patterns are likely to change as a consequence of climate change, and crop production in the UK. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Urban parks cool and clean the air, improve and modify local wind circulations, and better regulate precipitation patterns.Well-vegetated parks, in a variety of forms and sizes, mitigate the impact of the urban heat island and minimize local climate change. (planning.org)
  • Schools can take a systems-thinking approach to engage in evidence-based science investigations in efforts to reduce their overall carbon footprint and, through collaboration, design resilience and mitigation solutions to the climate crisis. (nwf.org)
  • EPA is restoring the role of science in addressing the climate crisis. (epa.gov)
  • I keep returning back to the Arctic almost on a yearly basis, because I feel a very honest urge to document the climate change crisis. (yahoo.com)
  • Talking about population as a component of climate change can seem like blaming the fecundity of poor women-rather than profligate consumption in rich countries-for our environmental crisis. (thedailybeast.com)
  • That fear likely stems from a general skepticism of climate science that runs through the Trump administration. (csmonitor.com)
  • That message conflicts with ideas put forth by many members of the Trump administration, which has taken a more skeptical view of climate science. (csmonitor.com)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) - President Donald Trump railed against the Paris climate accord on Sunday, telling world leaders at a virtual summit that the agreement was designed to cripple the U.S. economy, not save the planet. (ap.org)
  • Just last week, President Trump suggested that the frigid New Year's Eve temperatures - which made the Times Square ball-drop the second coldest on record - was evidence enough that climate change is bunk. (yahoo.com)
  • David Kanter, a professor of environmental studies at New York University who researches climate change, explained that one of the main reasons Trump does not understand climate change is that he's confusing weather with climate. (yahoo.com)
  • According to Kanter, there's a case to be made that the very data points that Trump thinks disprove climate change are actually additional evidence of climate change. (yahoo.com)
  • Just days before this massive storm slammed into Texas, President Trump scrapped a raft of federal flood protection standards which Barack Obama had introduced: measures which would legally have to take into account the impact of climate change. (channel4.com)
  • Donald Trump is expected to announce that the USA will pull out of the Paris climate change agreement. (channel4.com)
  • President Trump looks set to pull the US out of the landmark Paris climate accord within the next few days. (channel4.com)
  • Maine es el séptimo estado en aprobar un plan de energía limpia al 100 por ciento, desafiando los intentos de la administración Trump por apoyar los combustibles fósiles. (earthjustice.org)
  • In a follow-up article, I will address a frequently overlooked tool for helping to address climate change. (forbes.com)
  • Abruzzo also said that Pennsylvania is doing "its fair share" to address climate change, and that he does not believe there is anything else the DEP should do, under his tenure, to combat it. (philly.com)
  • How might voters determine if any of these plans can seriously address climate change? (rand.org)
  • Over the past five years, photographer Ciril Jazbec has documented the changing lives of the Inuit people in Greenland, the world's largest island, which is covered by the world's largest and fastest-melting ice sheet. (yahoo.com)
  • The roughy 700 Inuits of Qaanaaq and Siorapaluk, the world's northernmost settlements inhabited by natives, continue their traditional ways despite several alarming climate, environmental and cultural threats. (yahoo.com)
  • CHICAGO, Illinois (CNN) -- Fish tanks, financial markets and the future of the world's climate came together at the third Principal Voices debate of 2008 in Chicago. (cnn.com)
  • As a group of researchers lead by colleagues from the University of Bonn found out, at the same time, tiny single-cell organisms are spreading rapidly through the world's oceans, where they might be able to mitigate the consequences of climate change. (redorbit.com)
  • Climate denial may turn out to be the world's most deadly PR campaign," he concludes. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Climate Change TV is the world's first online broadcaster dedicated entirely to climate change issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's become a routine affair, with a predictable process involving extensive analysis of studies, numerous drafts, and eventual approval from the White House before the public release of the latest National Climate Assessment. (csmonitor.com)
  • Citing analysis from thousands of studies, the nation's climate assessment offers not just a dire warning about what climate change may bring in future years, but a detailed account of effects that are already occurring and of human contributions to those changes. (csmonitor.com)
  • B) Stakeholders need to have access to climate change assessment and management methods and C) Research and development, communication and education must improve the adaptive capacity of the society, develop innovative solutions and improv citizens' awareness of climate change adaptation . (wikipedia.org)
  • Last Friday the National Climate Assessment Report was quietly unveiled. (forbes.com)
  • Yet on a national level, the losers will probably outnumber the winners, according to a draft report of the third National Climate Assessment released by the U.S. government in January. (usatoday.com)
  • To study the potential effects of climate change on first foods, researchers from the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community undertook an innovative, value-based health assessment external icon that incorporated the tribe's priorities, values, and needs throughout the research process. (cdc.gov)
  • This climate change health assessment, founded on values-driven data from the community, used local priorities to inform climate adaptation decisions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Third National Climate Assessment (NCA), released May 6, 2014, confirms that climate change is happening here and it is happening now. (organicconsumers.org)
  • An Assessment of the Effects of Climate Change on Horticulture. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • The Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment has actively engaged various international mechanisms, in particular, the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), having attended the COP20 in Lima, Peru in December 2014 and the Bonn Climate Change Conference in June 2015. (ohchr.org)
  • In 1992, 165 nations signed an international treaty, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (amnesty.org)
  • Christiana Figueres, former head of The Framework Convention on Climate Change, discusses Donald Trump's decision on the Paris Climate Agreement. (channel4.com)
  • She pointed out that when she and Jim Connaughton, the chairman of the Counsel on Environmental Quality, travel to Bali next week, they'll be attending the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. (commondreams.org)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (sourcewatch.org)
  • The Bali Action Plan adopted in 2007 at the thirteenth Conference of the Parties (COP13) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), identified "adaptation" as one of the four building blocks (along with mitigation, finance and technology) required for a strengthened future response to climate change. (icao.int)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (10 February 2011). (wikipedia.org)
  • The service will give access to information for monitoring, predicting and attributing climate change and will help improve adaptation and mitigation policies. (esa.int)
  • Relating trends in ecosystem productivity to climate across the United States will enhance our understanding of how climate change will influence ecosystem productivity in the future and support climate change adaptation and mitigation activities. (fed.us)
  • Despite women being disproportionately affected by climate change, they play a crucial role in climate change adaptation and mitigation. (iucn.org)
  • The terms "adaptation" and "mitigation" describe two actions that are essential in the climate change area. (icao.int)
  • This indicator shows modeled county-level data to look at projections of extreme daytime and nighttime temperatures to better understand how our climate is changing. (cdc.gov)
  • The planet's climate has constantly been changing over geological time, with significant fluctuations of global average temperatures. (amnesty.org)
  • Whenever harsh winter weather strikes the United States, deniers point to the falling snow and dipping temperatures as evidence that climate change is a hoax. (yahoo.com)
  • Rising global temperatures, ice field and glacial melting and rising sea levels are among the climatic changes that could ultimately lead to the submergence of coastal areas that are home to 1.3 billion people today, according to the report, published online by the journal Nature Climate Change . (bc.edu)
  • Amphistegina are among those profiting from the rising temperatures as a result of climate change," summarizes Prof. Langer. (redorbit.com)
  • Dr. Dokulil concludes: "The predicted changes in surface water temperatures will affect the thermal characteristics of the lakes. (springer.com)
  • In the UK, climate change is likely to affect temperatures and the annual pattern of rainfall and extreme weather is predicted to become more common. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • With higher concentrations, new phenomena will be observable such as a rise in temperatures and sea level, changes in precipitation, and more extreme weather as shown in Figure 1 (see article Adaptation to Climate Change - Challenges Facing Civil Aviation Stakeholders, Chapter 6 of this report). (icao.int)
  • At the tenth anniversary celebration of IKI, the initiative and IUCN reflected together on the progress made in deploying Nature-based Solutions to climate change, reaffirming the role of ecosystems and biodiversity for climate action. (iucn.org)
  • When the analysts at Project Drawdown quantified the impact of 100 solutions to climate change, they were surprised by some of their results, the organization's executive director said in a recent appearance at Carnegie-Mellon University. (forbes.com)
  • Women have proven to be leading the way towards more equitable and sustainable solutions to climate change. (iucn.org)
  • It's the most comprehensive and up to date report on climate science in the world at this point," says Katharine Hayhoe, an atmospheric scientist at Texas Tech University who was one of the authors of the report. (csmonitor.com)
  • As a climate scientist, I have seen my integrity perniciously attacked. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Michael Mann, famous climate scientist, has released a book called The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines (also available as a Kindle edition). (scienceblogs.com)
  • Global warming became the most popular term after NASA climate scientist James Hansen used it in his 1988 testimony in the U.S. Senate. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the podcast: A scientist who is also an evangelical Christian wants conservatives to understand the dangers of climate change. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe speaks at Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Texas, on April 3, 2012. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Hayhoe, who runs the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech University, has devoted herself to persuading skeptics that climate change is real-including people in her own community. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Their anger stemmed from AP's guidance which said to use the label "climate change doubters" or "those who reject mainstream climate science" when discussing those that do not accept man-made climate change, rather than "skeptics" or "deniers. (newsbusters.org)
  • Reviewing the continued campaign by climate change skeptics , David McKnight, an associate professor at the University of New South Wales (Australia), notes that there several reasons why companies such as Exxon have had some success playing the global warming denial card. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Triaging climate change means placing consequences into different buckets. (rand.org)
  • The consequences of this unprecedented change in the atmosphere are both uncertain and likely to be extreme, as is evident by the increase in extreme weather events, such as superstorms, wildfires, droughts, and floods. (nwf.org)
  • It contained dire warnings about the consequences to the U.S. as a result of climate change. (forbes.com)
  • Recent reports have delivered sobering messages about climate change and its consequences. (rand.org)
  • We must find ways to combat the impending consequences of climate change through continued scientific research and engineering of solutions. (carleton.edu)
  • Despite the potentially catastrophic consequences of climate change, and the hammering the financial markets were receiving that very day, the panelists were able to find many reasons to be optimistic. (cnn.com)
  • This long-term view shows that the next few decades offer a brief window of opportunity to minimize large-scale and potentially catastrophic climate change that will extend longer than the entire history of human civilization thus far," the team concluded in its report "Consequences of 21st Century Policy for Multi-Millennial Climate and Sea-Level Change. (bc.edu)
  • While mitigation addresses the causes of climate change, adaptation addresses the effects of the consequences. (icao.int)
  • This commitment has extended to issues around our changing climate, including setting and meeting three greenhouse gas emission reduction goals between 1990 and 2016. (ibm.com)
  • A senior state leader of the Chinese government, Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli, who oversees climate change affairs, announced at a ceremony to sign the Paris Agreement in New York on 22 April 2016 that China would approve the Paris Agreement before the G20 Summit 2016 on 4-5 September 2016 in Hangzhou. (oecd.org)
  • Moreover, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Development issued the "Adaptation Action Plan of Cities" on 17 February 2016, to guide policies and actions for enhancing the resilience of cities to climate change. (oecd.org)
  • But according to a recent estimate by Oxfam, just $5 billion to $7 billion ( PDF ) was invested in projects specific to climate adaptation in 2015-2016. (rand.org)
  • He reviews the effects of climate change on the full enjoyment of human rights, and outlines the application of human rights obligations to climate-related actions. (ohchr.org)
  • The panellists discussed measures and best practices to promote and protect human rights that can be adopted by States in addressing the negative effects of climate change on human rights. (ohchr.org)
  • The joint statement draws on a report prepared by several Special Rapporteurs for the Climate Vulnerable Forum, a group of twenty countries that are especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change. (ohchr.org)
  • Australia is vulnerable to the effects of global warming projected for the next 50 to 100 years because of its extensive arid and semi-arid areas, an already warm climate, high annual rainfall variability, and existing pressures on water supply. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many things you can do to help reduce the effects of climate change. (fed.us)
  • Tracking data may be used to inform decision-making and policies that can help local communities assess vulnerabilities, estimate the burden, and build overall resilience against the effects of a changing climate. (cdc.gov)
  • While all communities are vulnerable to health effects associated with climate change, not everyone is equally at risk. (cdc.gov)
  • These data can be used to identify changes in extreme heat over time and focus preparedness plans to lessen the health effects of extreme heat. (cdc.gov)
  • General circulation models, based on the physical sciences, are often used in theoretical approaches to match past climate data, make future projections, and link causes and effects in climate change. (lulu.com)
  • Millions of people are already suffering from the catastrophic effects of extreme disasters exacerbated by climate change - from prolonged drought in sub-Saharan Africa to devastating tropical storms sweeping across Southeast Asia, the Caribbean and the Pacific. (amnesty.org)
  • They have held meetings annually ever since (called "Conference of the Parties" or COP), with the aim of developing goals and methods to reduce climate change as well as adapt to its already visible effects. (amnesty.org)
  • What are the effects of climate change? (amnesty.org)
  • The effects of climate change are already being felt now, but they will get worse. (amnesty.org)
  • It is important to remember that no one list of the effects of climate change can be exhaustive. (amnesty.org)
  • Cal-Adapt, the company's new handy climate-change-impact visualizer, makes it easy to understand the specific effects of climate change on where you live (though you may have to move-your neighborhood might be underwater soon). (fastcompany.com)
  • RAND researchers have studied and are continuing to examine the effects of climate change, particularly how governments and businesses respond to both observed changes and projected scenarios. (rand.org)
  • It is critical that local utilities responsibly manage water resources in all local communities in order to minimize the effects of climate change. (wef.org)
  • His work is focused on communities confronting the effects of globalization and climate change. (yahoo.com)
  • For the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community external icon , preserving first foods from the effects of climate change is of particular concern. (cdc.gov)
  • WASHINGTON (March 13, 2015) - The Federal Emergency Management Agency announced Thursday it finalized new policy guidance requiring states to consider climate change's projected effects when they plan and prepare for natural disasters. (nrdc.org)
  • The Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Ms Cecilia Jimenez-Damary , will dedicate her upcoming report to the issue of internal displacement linked to slow-onset natural hazards in the context of the adverse effects of climate change. (ohchr.org)
  • Internal displacement linked to the adverse effects of climate change is expected to increase significantly over the coming years and decades. (ohchr.org)
  • Slow-onset events and processes linked to the adverse effects of climate change, such as drought and desertification, land and forest degradation, glacial retreat, sea level rise, and salinisation of soil and groundwater supplies, can lead to displacement. (ohchr.org)
  • Displacement linked to the adverse effects of climate change can negatively impact the enjoyment of a number of human rights, such as the rights to health, adequate housing, food and water, education, and cultural and religious rights. (ohchr.org)
  • At the same time, discrimination and other factors impacting the enjoyment of human rights by some groups might make them more vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, increase their risk of displacement and pose challenges for their achievement of durable solutions. (ohchr.org)
  • The High-Level Panel on Internal Displacement recently established by the UN Secretary-General will address, among other issues, protracted displacement and durable solutions for persons displaced in the context of disasters and the adverse effects of climate change. (ohchr.org)
  • While recognizing the important progress made so far, the Special Rapporteur believes that there is a need for greater attention to the plight of internally displaced persons or those at risk of internal displacement in the context of the slow-onset adverse effects of climate change, and for human rights-based prevention and response strategies. (ohchr.org)
  • Although we were motivated in this research by an objective to expose effects of human-made global warming as soon as possible, we use an empirical approach that does not require knowledge of the causes of observed climate change. (pnas.org)
  • Climate change and its effects are fundamentally geographic challenges that require a geographic approach, where we endeavor to understand the constraints a changing climate imposes upon the terrestrial and aquatic systems we depend. (esri.com)
  • Researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health are exploring the direct and indirect effects of climate change on our waters. (harvard.edu)
  • It will outline the facts and effects of climate change, and will also formulate policies to support climate-related international cooperation and technology transfers, the official said. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The new report describes current and future effects of climate change on seven major sectors of the U.S. economy: water, energy, transportation, agriculture, forests, ecosystems and human health. (organicconsumers.org)
  • The report also explores how climate change effects are amplified through the linking of multiple economic sectors, for example water, energy and agriculture . (organicconsumers.org)
  • It is too late to reverse many of the effects of climate change. (arkive.org)
  • The need to address the adverse effects of climate change either by mitigation or by adaptation is becoming more pressing. (icao.int)
  • The studio provides a platform for discussing the effects of climate change, causes of global warming and possible solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change denial - it's still happening! (change.org)
  • Climate denial tells us what we all secretly want to hear. (sourcewatch.org)
  • EPA's climate change website is back, with more content to come. (epa.gov)
  • Changes in rainfall are more difficult to project, but precipitation is expected to decrease across the Southwest while extreme rainfall episodes are projected to increase in the Northeast, Midwest, and Great Plains regions. (fed.us)
  • The challenges posed by climate change, such as more intense storms, frequent heavy precipitation, heat waves, drought, extreme flooding, and higher sea levels could significantly alter the types and magnitudes of hazards faced by communities and the emergency management professionals serving them. (fema.gov)
  • Organic agriculture provides management practices that can help farmers adapt to climate change through strengthening agro-ecosystems, diversifying crop and livestock production, and building farmers' knowledge base to best prevent and confront changes in climate. (fao.org)
  • It might not provide new leaders, but she believed just as important was the promotion of ways that people across the world could participate to negate climate change and preserve ecosystems. (cnn.com)
  • Ocean acidification episodes in the geological past have led to significant changes in ecosystems, including, in extreme cases, mass extinctions of some deep-sea benthic foraminifers (a type of marine organism) and collapse of reef-building calcareous algae and corals. (iaea.org)
  • Most of these lakes are important ecosystems and are sensitive to environmental changes. (springer.com)
  • Evidence for a changing climate abounds, from the top of the atmosphere to the depths of the oceans," a draft of the report published by The New York Times reads. (csmonitor.com)
  • During the early Holocene , there is evidence from Lake Frome in South Australia and Lake Woods near Tennant Creek that the climate between 8,000 and 9,500 years ago and again from 7,000 to 4,200 years ago was considerably wetter than over the period of instrumental recording since about 1885. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence has shown that rising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have contributed to climate change. (fed.us)
  • I still encounter some people who don't accept them, but that doesn't change that these facts are demonstrated by multiple lines of evidence. (forbes.com)
  • Abruzzo on Wednesday told senators on the Environmental Resources and Energy Committee that scientific evidence points to climate change, and that people certainly play a role in it. (philly.com)
  • The evidence climate change comes from a wide variety of sources. (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • This module discusses the advantages/disadvantages of the main sources and how these multiple sources of evidence are pieced together to reveal that climate change is a real problem. (metoffice.gov.uk)
  • This is why the failure of governments to act on climate change in the face of overwhelming scientific evidence may well be the biggest inter-generational human rights violation in history. (amnesty.org)
  • Examining the evidence left by bark beetle disturbance and understanding interactions between insect disturbances and climate events may help guide management of post-disturbance forests. (fed.us)
  • Researchers from the McGill University and University of Pennsylvania have found evidence to show climate change is the main reason for the disappearance of ice-free regions, known as polynyas. (mcgill.ca)
  • Regardless of why the climate is changing, emergency managers have to be poised to respond to disasters and support preparedness efforts nationwide. (fema.gov)
  • Disasters in the context of climate change can also impact communities already affected by armed conflict. (ohchr.org)
  • Just as importantly, the places where population is growing most rapidly-such as sub-Saharan Africa-are going to be among the hardest hit by climate disasters such as hurricanes, droughts, and disappearing coastlines. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Climate change is an acute threat to global development and efforts to end poverty. (worldbank.org)
  • The President has since backed away from his assertion that climate change is a hoax, but apparently feels that the threat is overstated. (forbes.com)
  • Politicians have demanded I be fired from my job because of my work demonstrating the reality and threat of human-caused climate change. (scienceblogs.com)
  • In addition to looking at what they argue is the very real impact of human causes of climate change, each visual module is complemented with more immediately impactful data for Californians, such as the increased threat of wildfires. (fastcompany.com)
  • The environmental impact of climate change poses a significant threat to the health of communities worldwide, putting the foods we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe at risk. (cdc.gov)
  • The climate is getting warmer, and sea levels are rising - a threat to island nations. (redorbit.com)
  • Climate change poses an immediate and long-term threat to people and our planet. (harvard.edu)
  • Harvard's T.H. Chan School of Public Health researchers are preparing the world for a future where climate is the number-one threat to public health. (harvard.edu)
  • Climate change is really the biggest threat to our food security, our economic security, our cultural and social way of life and the security that we enjoy as island people," he said. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • We can unite in the face of the greatest environmental threat we have ever known to create local jobs, stronger, healthier communities and a more stable climate. (earthjustice.org)
  • [1] Australia is becoming hotter, and more prone to extreme heat, bushfires, droughts, floods and longer fire seasons because of climate change . (wikipedia.org)
  • The ride to a hotter climate is becoming rougher still on the back of more extreme droughts, fires, heat waves and other extreme weather . (greenpeace.org)
  • Healthy forests and grasslands will also help mitigate climate change by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it in plants and soils. (fed.us)
  • U of I faculty members and researchers want to improve the resilience of Idaho's economy to mitigate climate change. (uidaho.edu)
  • Daily life of Inuits is changing rapidly due to the climate change and being able to capture and communicate this change is my main vision. (yahoo.com)
  • Hellmer also noted that the main global scientific body on the issue - which received a Nobel Peace Prize recently along with former Vice President Al Gore - is known as the International Panel on Climate Change. (commondreams.org)
  • Storms, floods, heat waves, and drought are becoming more frequent and extreme as the climate warms. (nrdc.org)
  • China was among the near-200 countries to adopt the Paris Climate Change Agreement (Paris Agreement) at an historic UN conference in Paris, France on 12 December 2015. (oecd.org)
  • In its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the UNFCCC* as part of the Paris Agreement, China shows its determination to be fully involved in global efforts to protect the climate. (oecd.org)
  • This climate change mapping report (2014) describes statements made by human rights bodies on the human rights threatened by climate change, and on the human rights obligations relating to climate change. (ohchr.org)
  • The greatest barrier to public recognition of human-made climate change is probably the natural variability of local climate. (pnas.org)
  • How can a person discern long-term climate change, given the notorious variability of local weather and climate from day to day and year to year? (pnas.org)
  • Scholars in a range of academic disciplines have used distinct methods and sources to connect past climate variability and change to the causes of conflict within, and between, diverse societies. (springer.com)
  • 2500 years of European climate variability and human susceptibility. (springer.com)
  • Is this normal weather variability, or are we experiencing a taste of the game changing power of climate change? (organicconsumers.org)
  • In April 2002 a new report, called UKCIP02 , was released showing climate scenarios for the UK. (bbc.co.uk)
  • These scenarios present four different possibilities of how our climate might change. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The scenarios do not claim to be definitive - our climate may not change in exactly the same way as is predicted. (bbc.co.uk)
  • New climate change scenarios for the next 10,000 years project a rise in sea level that would submerge land that is now home to 1.3 billion people, including extensive areas of eastern Massachusetts, as shown in this profile generated by the Climate Central's Surging Seas calculator. (bc.edu)
  • On the other hand, climate policy cannot be too ambitious: a balanced approach between mitigation and adaptation, between economic growth and resource management, between short term development efforts and long term innovation investments, should be adopted. (springer.com)
  • Responding to climate change involves mitigation and adaptation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inset box provides more formal definitions of climate mitigation and adaptation. (icao.int)
  • Today, our team at IBM Research is now looking at some of the scientific challenges associated with planning for the impact of climate change. (ibm.com)
  • Undernutrition is identified as the largest health impact of climate change in the 21st century. (worldbank.org)
  • Researchers are studying the best ways to lessen climate change and reduce its impact on our health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In addition to helping clients respond to regulatory and market drivers, as well as to the impact of climate change on infrastructure and supply chains, our teams can help clients benefit from opportunities related to new carbon markets and renewable energy market drivers. (ey.com)
  • Climate Change Tipping Points and their relationships involve significant technological developments related to media and the impact on our global future economically, culturally and politically. (lulu.com)
  • Characterized by defined "moments in time," where circumstances and events change as a result of the influences, or, phenomena that could only be characterized as tipping points, opening new perspectives relative to the influence of media and the outcome and impact on Climate Change and our new world reality. (lulu.com)
  • It's abundantly clear that climate change is already having an impact on human rights. (amnesty.org)
  • There is an urgent need to develop adaptive management strategies that foster ecosystem resilience to the impact of climate change and enable forests to adapt to uncertain future conditions. (fed.us)
  • 7 The impact of climate change on the human rights of future generations has also been of great concern. (ohchr.org)
  • Summer, when most biological productivity occurs, is probably the season when climate change will have its biggest impact on humanity. (pnas.org)
  • They have widely contributed to the understanding of past and current ocean conditions and to predicting the impact of climate change. (iaea.org)
  • It conveys the interconnectedness of the cryosphere and impact of climate change on the earth system. (nasa.gov)
  • Longer term, there are the physical risks associated with climate change itself: the impact of extreme events on buildings or on the supply chain needed to service them. (rics.org)
  • These recent projects use UK climate projections ( UKCP09 and UKCIP02 ) to predict the impact of climate change on agricultural production systems and agri-environment schemes. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • This project identified key stages in annual production systems for target crops or livestock that may be directly or indirectly susceptible (e.g. through pest and disease pressures) to climate variation or weather extremes and assembled findings from individual models to determine overall impact and risk associated with the target systems. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • This desk study assessed the potential impact of climate change on measures put in place under agri-environment schemes and in particular Environmental Stewardship. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • In: Climate Change Impact and Adaptation in Agricultural Systems. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Continued urbanization of the global population will only hasten further change.The increasing impact of urban heat islands on local climates may eventually translate to more widespread climate change, possibly global, if left unchecked. (planning.org)
  • Reduced impact of the urban heat island may prolong or even prevent more widespread global climate change as cities continue to increase in both size and number. (planning.org)
  • Climate change in Australia has been a critical issue since the beginning of the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was suggested decades ago ( 3 ) that by the early 21st century the informed public should be able to recognize that the frequency of unusually warm seasons had increased, because the "climate dice," describing the probability of unusually warm or unusually cool seasons, would be sufficiently loaded (biased) as to be discernible to the public. (pnas.org)
  • The country is working on its first national program to mitigate and adapt to climate change, according to a high-ranking environmental official. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Climate action is a vast opportunity for sustainable global development, with investment potential in the trillions of dollars and the ability to drive innovation and create green industries and new jobs. (worldbank.org)
  • In addition to our work on public lands, the Forest Service works with private landowners, non-governmental organizations, and tribal governments to foster climate-informed, sustainable land management. (fed.us)
  • Bosteels is a lead author of Sustainable Real Estate Investment, Implementing the Paris Climate Agreement: An Action Framework, which explains how investors can meet their fiduciary duty to manage environmental, social, governance and climate-related risks. (rics.org)
  • In the 1980s, the terms global warming and climate change were popularized, the former referring only to increased surface warming, while the latter describes the full effect of greenhouse gases on the climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • I can recall him saying both 'global warming' and 'climate change. (commondreams.org)
  • The NCA is a periodic federal report to the nation that explains the connections between human activities, global warming and climate change. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Associated Press (AP), the arbiters of style for journalism, issued new rules related to global warming and climate change coverage, infuriating liberal environmentalists. (newsbusters.org)
  • President Macron has refused to back down over the tax increases, insisting it's part of his strategy to combat climate change. (channel4.com)
  • We heard from over 70 research groups interested in these resources to support their work to understand climate change. (ibm.com)
  • Climate change: Is your opinion informed by science? (csmonitor.com)
  • Climate science has been very deliberately framed as an alternate religion," says Dr. Hayhoe, who also directs Texas Tech's Climate Science Center and is an Evangelical who has engaged deeply with faith communities around the issue of climate science. (csmonitor.com)
  • The dispute over Darwin planted a seed, and the evolution argument set the groundwork for the current climate science argument," says Michael Altman, professor of religious studies at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. (csmonitor.com)
  • But once it became an issue of global climate change, Ms. Vox notes that evangelists like the bestselling author Hal Lindsey denounced climate science as a scam "being used to to consolidate the governments of the world into a coalition that may someday facilitate the rise of the Antichrist. (csmonitor.com)
  • Targeting upper-elementary-aged children, the site includes interactive games, hands-on activities, and engaging articles that make climate science accessible and fun. (nasa.gov)
  • The Forest Service is incorporating the best ecological and climate science into its management to ensure that National Forests continue to produce the benefits that the American people enjoy. (fed.us)
  • When there are discrepancies between what the models predict and what is measured, critics seize on those discrepancies to cast doubt on climate science. (forbes.com)
  • Founded in 1998, FrogWatch USA is one of the longest-running citizen science programs around, and, since amphibians are extremely sensitive to environmental changes, FrogWatchers' observations have been especially valuable. (pbs.org)
  • Life as a Target: Attacks on my work aimed at undermining climate change science have turned me into a public figure. (scienceblogs.com)
  • This cynicism is part of a destructive public-relations campaign being waged by fossil fuel companies, front groups, and individuals aligned with them in an effort to discredit the science linking the burning of fossil fuels with potentially dangerous climate change. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Energy & Environmental Legal Institute is a "think" tank that supports or engages in climate science denialism. (scienceblogs.com)
  • He said he believed Abruzzo, a longtime prosecutor who later served as a deputy chief of staff to Corbett, had "no obvious experience in environmental protection, and that manifests itself in things like not knowing the science behind climate change. (philly.com)
  • The deceptive marketing is intended to take advantage of many teachers' unfamiliarity with climate science. (carleton.edu)
  • The letter accompanying the contents encourages teachers to question the degree to which the science of climate change is settled. (carleton.edu)
  • The Next Generation Science Standards encourage teachers of all students to integrate sound climate science with the Science and Engineering Practices, Disciplinary Core Ideas, and Crosscutting Concepts. (carleton.edu)
  • This integration will enable our students to distinguish between legitimate climate science and misleading information, preparing them to solve the challenges that climate change presents. (carleton.edu)
  • Two years ago, Sen. Jim Inhofe, R-Okla., infamously tossed a snowball on the Senate floor in an attempt to debunk climate science. (yahoo.com)
  • One man who is in no doubt about the science and has been shouting about climate change for decades is the former Vice President of America, Al Gore. (channel4.com)
  • The IAEA supports Member States in using nuclear and isotopic techniques to develop a science-based understanding of changes in the ocean and support climate change monitoring and adaptation activities. (iaea.org)
  • I'd like to become literate in the field of climate science. (reddit.com)
  • The Climate Change Science Institute (CCSI) was formed in 2009 to integrate climate science activities across Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (ornl.gov)
  • Already we support research at the vanguard of energy and climate science-whether in engineering, law, public health, policy, design and business, research has an unparalleled capacity to accelerate the progression from nonrenewable to renewable sources of energy. (harvard.edu)
  • In this video series, faculty from across campus discuss the many dimensions of climate change ranging from law, business, public policy, public health, design, science and engineering, and the humanities, and offer insights to different pathways for the future. (harvard.edu)
  • A common program for all government agencies is important, because as the central government is paying increasing attention to climate change, most local officials are still not quite aware of the issue, said Lu Xuedu, deputy director of the division to oversee environmental affairs under the Ministry of Science and Technology (MST). (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Synergistically addressing local and global environmental damages rather than optimizing a specific aspect of the policy conundrum helps to effectively foster climate action in road transport while maintaining public acceptance and socially fair outcomes. (nature.com)
  • EPA's environmental justice mapping and screening tool now includes climate parameters on sea-level rise and flooding. (epa.gov)
  • Tim Coulson of Imperial College London and colleagues analysed female sheep's body weights and life histories over the last 24 years on the isolated island, which serves as a simple natural laboratory for environmental change and evolution. (nature.com)
  • Simple changes like conserving water and energy will decrease your environmental footprint. (fed.us)
  • Today's confirmation hearing for Gov. Corbett's nominee to head the Department of Environmental Protection was largely rolling along smoothly until a climate-changing question - on climate change. (philly.com)
  • Google has teamed up with UC Berkeley on the new climate change visualizer and database, bringing awareness to the issue and giving slick graphical fodder to environmental evangelists. (fastcompany.com)
  • Women have the knowledge and understanding of what is needed to adapt to changing environmental conditions and to come up with practical solutions. (iucn.org)
  • Restricted land rights, lack of access to financial resources, training and technology, and limited access to political decision-making spheres often prevent them from playing a full role in tackling climate change and other environmental challenges. (iucn.org)
  • Get glimpses of our dynamic environment, including the inner and outer workings of water, climate, salt pond restoration, the Bay, biofuels, and more, from the deep resource that is the Exploratorium archive of environmental film. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Environmental changes and violent conflict. (springer.com)
  • Loss of healthy life years as a result of global environmental change (including climate change) is predicted to be 500 times greater in poor African populations than in European populations," The Lancet recently reported. (thedailybeast.com)
  • As Singapore looks to develop initiatives to deal with rising sea levels brought on by climate change, CNA visited the tiny Pacific island nation of Palau where environmental issues are putting the economy under pressure. (channelnewsasia.com)
  • The analytical news piece "Will the climate ever change for Sundarbans" was chosen for the award by Panos South Asia, headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal and part of Panos Institutes worldwide that encourage and facilitate public discourse and debate on a wide range of issues including environmental issues. (nature.com)
  • Maize, wheat and other major crops have experienced significant yield reductions at the global level of 40 megatons per year between 1981 and 2002 due to a warmer climate. (un.org)
  • Republicans abandoned the phrase "global warming" and started using "climate change" in 2002 after a memo from political consultant Frank Luntz. (commondreams.org)