The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.
Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
The science of studying the characteristics of the atmosphere such as its temperature, density, winds, clouds, precipitation, and other atmospheric phenomena and aiming to account for the weather in terms of external influences and the basic laws of physics. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.
El Nino-Southern Oscillation or ENSO is a cycle of extreme alternating warm El Niño and cold La Nina events which is the dominant year-to-year climate pattern on Earth. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific. ENSO is associated with a heightened risk of certain vector-borne diseases. (From, accessed 5/12/2020)
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
Activities performed by humans.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Science dealing with the properties, distribution, and circulation of water on and below the earth's surface, and atmosphere.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The collective name for the republics of ESTONIA; LATVIA; and LITHUANIA on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p111)
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.
Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.
The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.
A plant genus of the family FAGACEAE that is a source of TANNINS. Do not confuse with Holly (ILEX).
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
An order of amoeboid EUKARYOTES characterized by reticulating pseudopods and a complex life cycle with an alternation of generations. Most are less than 1mm in size and found in marine or brackish water.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.
An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
Devices, manned and unmanned, which are designed to be placed into an orbit about the Earth or into a trajectory to another celestial body. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
The genus Lepus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Hares are born above ground, fully furred, and with their eyes and ears open. In contrast with RABBITS, hares have 24 chromosome pairs.
Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The heath plant family of the order Ericales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are generally shrubs or small trees. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery; flowers are symmetrical with a 4- or 5-parted corolla of partly fused petals.
High temperature weather exceeding the average and of several weeks duration. Extreme heat is a dangerous situation that can bring on health emergencies in susceptible people.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.
An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)
Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
The physical measurements of a body.
Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. The species are slow growing coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
The reproductive organs of plants.
An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
A species of fish in the cod family GADIDAE, known as the Atlantic cod. It is one of the most important commercial FISHES.
Organisms that live in water.
Irradiation directly from the sun.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.

Climatic and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Four Corners region, United States. (1/2516)

To investigate climatic, spatial, temporal, and environmental patterns associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) cases in the Four Corners region, we collected exposure site data for HPS cases that occurred in 1993 to 1995. Cases clustered seasonally and temporally by biome type and geographic location, and exposure sites were most often found in pinyon-juniper woodlands, grasslands, and Great Basin desert scrub lands, at elevations of 1,800 m to 2,500 m. Environmental factors (e.g., the dramatic increase in precipitation associated with the 1992 to 1993 El Nino) may indirectly increase the risk for Sin Nombre virus exposure and therefore may be of value in designing disease prevention campaigns.  (+info)

Potential effects of gas hydrate on human welfare. (2/2516)

For almost 30 years. serious interest has been directed toward natural gas hydrate, a crystalline solid composed of water and methane, as a potential (i) energy resource, (ii) factor in global climate change, and (iii) submarine geohazard. Although each of these issues can affect human welfare, only (iii) is considered to be of immediate importance. Assessments of gas hydrate as an energy resource have often been overly optimistic, based in part on its very high methane content and on its worldwide occurrence in continental margins. Although these attributes are attractive, geologic settings, reservoir properties, and phase-equilibria considerations diminish the energy resource potential of natural gas hydrate. The possible role of gas hydrate in global climate change has been often overstated. Although methane is a "greenhouse" gas in the atmosphere, much methane from dissociated gas hydrate may never reach the atmosphere, but rather may be converted to carbon dioxide and sequestered by the hydrosphere/biosphere before reaching the atmosphere. Thus, methane from gas hydrate may have little opportunity to affect global climate change. However, submarine geohazards (such as sediment instabilities and slope failures on local and regional scales, leading to debris flows, slumps, slides, and possible tsunamis) caused by gas-hydrate dissociation are of immediate and increasing importance as humankind moves to exploit seabed resources in ever-deepening waters of coastal oceans. The vulnerability of gas hydrate to temperature and sea level changes enhances the instability of deep-water oceanic sediments, and thus human activities and installations in this setting can be affected.  (+info)

Environmental variation shapes sexual dimorphism in red deer. (3/2516)

Sexual dimorphism results from dichotomous selection on male and female strategies of growth in relation to reproduction. In polygynous mammals, these strategies reflect sexual selection on males for access to females and competitive selection on females for access to food. Consequently, in such species, males display rapid early growth to large adult size, whereas females invest in condition and early sexual maturity at the expense of size. Hence, the magnitude of adult size dimorphism should be susceptible to divergence of the sexes in response to environmental factors differentially influencing their growth to reproduction. We show that divergent growth of male and female red deer after 32 years of winter warming and 15 years of contemporaneously earlier plant phenology support this prediction. In response to warmer climate during their early development, males grew more rapidly and increased in size, while female size declined. Conversely, females, but not males, responded to earlier plant phenology with increased investment in condition and earlier reproduction. Accordingly, adult size dimorphism increased in relation to warmer climate, whereas it declined in relation to forage quality. Thus, the evolutionary trajectories of growth related to reproduction in the sexes (i) originate from sexual and competitive selection, (ii) produce sexual size dimorphism, and (iii) are molded by environmental variation.  (+info)

Deriving meteorological variables across Africa for the study and control of vector-borne disease: a comparison of remote sensing and spatial interpolation of climate. (4/2516)

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the utility of remote sensing (RS) using meteorological satellites sensors and spatial interpolation (SI) of data from meteorological stations, for the prediction of spatial variation in monthly climate across continental Africa in 1990. Information from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) polar-orbiting meteorological satellites was used to estimate land surface temperature (LST) and atmospheric moisture. Cold cloud duration (CCD) data derived from the High Resolution Radiometer (HRR) on-board the European Meteorological Satellite programme's (EUMETSAT) Meteosat satellite series were also used as a RS proxy measurement of rainfall. Temperature, atmospheric moisture and rainfall surfaces were independently derived from SI of measurements from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) member stations of Africa. These meteorological station data were then used to test the accuracy of each methodology, so that the appropriateness of the two techniques for epidemiological research could be compared. SI was a more accurate predictor of temperature, whereas RS provided a better surrogate for rainfall; both were equally accurate at predicting atmospheric moisture. The implications of these results for mapping short and long-term climate change and hence their potential for the study and control of disease vectors are considered. Taking into account logistic and analytical problems, there were no clear conclusions regarding the optimality of either technique, but there was considerable potential for synergy.  (+info)

Towards a kala azar risk map for Sudan: mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis using digital data of environmental variables. (5/2516)

The need to define the geographical distribution of Phlebotomus orientalis results from its importance as the dominant vector of kala azar (visceral Iceishmaniasis) in Sudan. Recent epidermics of this disease in southern and eastern Sudan caused an estimated 100000 deaths and have renewed the impetus for defining the ecological boundaries of the vector. This information is an essential prerequisite to the production of a risk map for kala azar. This study uses data on the presence and absence of P. orientalis from 44 collecting sites across the central belt of Sudan. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the probability of the presence of P. orientalis at each collecting site as a function of climatic and environmental variables (rainfall; temperature; altitude; soil type and the satellite-derived environmental proxies - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Land Surface Temperature). The logistic regression model indicates mean annual maximum daily temperature and soil type as the most important ecological determinants of P. orientalis distribution. An initial risk map was created in a raster-based geographical information system which delineates the area where P. orientalis may occur. This map was then refined using a mask layer indicating the known rainfall-based boundaries of the distribution of Acacia-Balanites woodland - a woodland type known to be associated with the distribution of this vector. The predictive performance of the risk map is discussed.  (+info)

An integrated assessment framework for climate change and infectious diseases. (6/2516)

Many potential human health effects have been hypothesized to result either directly or indirectly from global climate change. Changes in the prevalence and spread of infectious diseases are some of the most widely cited potential effects of climate change, and could have significant consequences for human health as well as economic and societal impacts. These changes in disease incidence would be mediated through biologic, ecologic, sociologic, and epidemiologic processes that interact with each other and which may themselves be influenced by climate change. Although hypothesized infectious disease effects have been widely discussed, there have not yet been thorough quantitative studies addressing the many processes at work. In part this is because of the complexity of the many indirect and feedback interactions or mechanisms that bear on all aspects of the climate issue. It also results from the difficulty of including the multitude of always-changing determinants of these diseases. This paper proposes a framework for an integrated assessment of the impacts of climate change on infectious diseases. The framework allows identification of potentially important indirect interactions or mechanisms, identification of important research gaps, and a means of integrating targeted research from a variety of disciplines into an enhanced understanding of the whole system.  (+info)

Malaria reemergence in the Peruvian Amazon region. (7/2516)

Epidemic malaria has rapidly emerged in Loreto Department, in the Peruvian Amazon region. Peru reports the second highest number of malaria cases in South America (after Brazil), most from Loreto. From 1992 to 1997, malaria increased 50-fold in Loreto but only fourfold in Peru. Plasmodium falciparum infection, which has increased at a faster rate than P. vivax infection in the last 3 years, became the dominant Plasmodium infection in the highest transmission areas in the 1997 rainy season. The vector Anopheles darlingi has also increased during this epidemic in Loreto. Moreover, chloroquine and pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine drug-resistant P. falciparum strains have emerged, which require development of efficacious focal drug treatment schemes.  (+info)

Public health consequences of global climate change in the United States--some regions may suffer disproportionately. (8/2516)

Current risk assessments of the likely regional health impacts of global climate change (GCC) are hindered by two factors. First, dose-response relationships between weather parameters and many of the likely health effects have not been developed, and second, reliable estimates of future regional climates across the United States are still beyond the scope of current modeling efforts. Consequently, probabilistic risk estimates of most of the likely regional health impacts of GCC have such a high degree of uncertainty that their usefulness to health officials dealing with regional issues is very limited. With the numerous pressures on today's health care systems, it is understandable that the possible consequences of GCC have received scant attention from regional health care decision makers. Indeed, the consensus among this community appears to be that any increases in health effects associated with GCC will be easily handled by the current health care system. However, such a position may be naive as the potential exists that an unequal distribution of such effects could overwhelm some regions, whereas others may feel little or no impact. This review of the likely regional impacts of GCC has been structured as a semianalytical look at this issue of distributional effects. Because of the lack of dose-response information and reliable estimates of future regional climates, however, it takes a historical perspective. That is, it assumes that the quality and quantity of health risks a region faces under GCC will be directly related to its recent history of health risks from warm weather/climate-related diseases as well as to the size, characteristics, and distribution of the sensitive subpopulations currently residing within its borders. The approach is semiquantitative; however, it uses national data gathered on a regional level and as such should only be used to generate a hypothesis rather than test it. When applied to the United States, its outcome leads to the hypothesis that if indeed history repeats itself, some states or regions may be more greatly affected by GCC than others, not only because historically they are more prone to summer weather/climate-related diseases, but also because they contain a greater proportion of the sensitive subpopulations in the United States.  (+info)

Get this from a library! Climatic effects on pavement and geotechnical infrastructure : proceedings of the International Symposium on Climatic Effects on Pavement and Geotechnical Infrastructure 2013, August 4-7, 2013, Fairbanks, Alaska. [Jenny Liu, (Civil engineer); Construction Institute.;]
Local Climate Information for Milwaukee and Madison. Daily: Milwaukee Mitchell International Airport Issued: 10/29/2020 03:28:22 PM ...
More than 350 members of the Indigenous and climate adaptation science communities participated in the 3rd installment of the Shifting Seasons Summit, which was organized by the College of Menominee Nation Sustainable Development Institute and took place virtually from April 19-21, 2021.. Focused on sharing adaptation and resilience knowledge across Indigenous communities, the event featured a wide array of programming, including two workshops designed to build skills in the area of Indigenous climate adaption planning and eight discussion panels focused on topics such as Food Sovereignty and Traditional Agriculture, Forest, Fires, and People, Plant Relatives, and Climate Activism and Communication.. One particularly memorable panel discussion took place when co-authors and users of the Tribal Adaptation Menu assembled to reflect on the impact of this groundbreaking climate adaptation planning resource, which was published in 2019 and shifts Western paradigms for understanding climate ...
Temperate Climate refers to climates between Polar and Tropical. However, there is a gradual change from polar to tropical climates across the middle latitude temperate zones. Normally, in the northern hemisphere, the northern portions of the temperate zone feature Boreal, Continental, and Oceanic climates, while the southern portions of the temperate zone are often Mediterranean and humid subtropical climates. These different climates all fall within the temperate zone which has a basic definition as being any climate with a mean temperature above −3 °C (26.6 °F) but below 18 °C (64.4 °F) in the coldest month. Obviously winter temperatures will be more mild in southerly portions and colder in the more northerly portions of the northern temperate zone and vice-versa in the southern temperate zone. From a floristic standpoint, each of these climate zones have generally temperate vegetation. There is however, an obvious change in flora from the far northern portions of the temperate zone ...
Join the Climate Adaptation Forum as their guest speakers discuss Creating Connections: Resilience and Equity in Transportation.. Transportation infrastructure is some of the most expensive to build and maintain, especially in the face of the climate crisis. Everything from public transportation to roads and bridges to the port are deeply impacted by sea level rise, extreme storms and even sweltering heat. Join the Climate Adaptation Forum as we explore initiatives around the country to improve transportation resilience and the resilience of the communities that rely on this infrastructure to get around. We will hear from experts at multiple levels of government who are thinking creatively about how to protect our infrastructure and how to make it responsive to changing needs.. Registration is required. For more information on speakers and a detailed agenda, please visit the event webpage.. ...
Areas with subpolar oceanic climates feature an oceanic climate but are usually located closer to polar regions. As a result of their location, these regions tend to be on the cool end of oceanic climates. Snowfall tends to be more common here than in other oceanic climates. Subpolar oceanic climates are less prone to temperature extremes than subarctic climates or continental climates, featuring milder winters than these climates. Subpolar oceanic climates feature only one to three months of average monthly temperatures that are at least 10 °C (50 °F). As with oceanic climates, none of its average monthly temperatures fall below -3.0 °C (26.6 °F) or 0 °C depending on the isotherm used. Typically, these areas in the warmest month experience daytime maximum temperatures below 17 °C (63 °F), while the coldest month features highs near or slightly above freezing and lows just below freezing. It typically carries a Cfc designation, though very small areas in Yunnan, Sichuan and parts of ...
Cold semi-arid climates (type BSk) tend to be located in elevated portions of temperate zones, typically bordering a humid continental climate or a Mediterranean climate. They are typically found in continental interiors some distance from large bodies of water. Cold semi-arid climates usually feature warm to hot dry summers, though their summers are typically not quite as hot as those of hot semi-arid climates. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi-arid climates tend to have cold winters. These areas usually see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates. Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi-arid climates, and tend to feature major temperature swings between day and night, sometimes by as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more in that time frame. These large diurnal temperature variations are seldom seen in hot semi-arid climates. Cold semi-arid ...
Climate Science Literacy is an understanding of your influence on climate and climates influence on you and society. People who are climate science literate know that climate science can inform our decisions that improve quality of life. They have a basic understanding of the climate system, including the natural and human-caused factors that affect it. Climate science literate individuals understand how climate observations and records as well as computer modeling contribute to scientific knowledge about climate.
Hosted by Metro on August 21st, 2013, the Climate Adaptation Planning for Transit and Fleet Operators webinar was the final outreach component of the FTA Climate Adaptation Pilot. The goal was to build upon the roundtable event, and to provide resources on both mitigation and adaptation strategies ...
Timing of cirque formation and the climate necessary to initiate glaciation are fundamental to the understanding of the landscape of the northern Scandinavian mountains. Empty cirques in the Rassepautasjtjakka massif are located near a glaciated area and thus appear near the glaciation limit. In order to investigate the climate conditions necessary for glacier formation in the cirques, we applied a spatially distributed temperature index melt model. After calibration under present climate conditions, the model was run with different combinations of increased initial winter snow cover and lowered summer air temperatures to assess the climate conditions needed for snow to survive summer and hence form a base for glaciation. Results indicate that a significant increase in precipitation or decrease in summer air temperature or a combination of both is necessary to initiate glaciation. Thus current climate conditions are far from favorable for glaciation. If summer temperature is decreased by ...
Cold semi-arid climates (type BSk) tend to be located in temperate zones or elevated portions in subtropical zones, typically bordering a humid continental climate or a Mediterranean climate. They are typically found in continental interiors some distance from large bodies of water. Cold semi-arid climates usually feature warm to hot dry summers, though their summers are typically not quite as hot as those of hot semi-arid climates. Unlike hot semi-arid climates, areas with cold semi-arid climates tend to have cold winters. These areas usually see some snowfall during the winter, though snowfall is much lower than at locations at similar latitudes with more humid climates. Areas featuring cold semi-arid climates tend to have higher elevations than areas with hot semi-arid climates, and tend to feature major temperature swings between day and night, sometimes by as much as 20 °C (36 °F) or more in that time frame. These large diurnal temperature variations are seldom seen in hot semi-arid ...
In many cities across Europe, both urban authorities and private actors have made strong commitments to adapt to future climate changes. Although a lot of climate information is available at the global and regional scale, this is often not the case at the local urban scale. Moreover, such information should account for a wide range of uncertainty factors ranging from global to city-scale development scenarios to uncertainties due to model errors. In an effort to lay the methodological groundworks for reliable urban climate services, URCLIM explores a compound handling of these uncertainties for various European cities and applies it to the assessment of adaptation measures.. How cite this article: Van Schaeybroeck B., Bucher B., Chitu Z., Christophe S., Fortelius C., Hamdi R., Masson V., Perrels A., and Wichers Schreur B. (2020): Urban climate services: climate impact projections and their uncertainties at city scale, FMIs Climate Bulletin: Research Letters, 2(1), 10, DOI: ...
Solar Influences on Holocene Climate: A review of what is known about the potential climatic effects of solar variability and observed climate variability throughout the Holocene suggests that the former may have been responsible for the latter, and that solar variability may have played a greater role in the warming of the past century than the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change would like people to believe. Jet Aircraft Contrails Reduce the Diurnal Amplitude of Earths Surface Air Temperature: A model study of the climatic effects of jet aircraft contrails suggests that they tend to cool the earths surface during the day and warm it at night.. Ship Emissions Perturb Radiation Balance Over the Sea: A data-plus-model approach to evaluating the climatic consequences of ship emissions suggests that they have a modest cooling effect on the planet.. Solar Forcing of Climate Change: In reviewing what is known about relationships between the abundance of cosmogenic isotopes (14C and 10Be) and ...
Before interpreting the temporal variability in any climate proxy record we first need to study the reproducibility of the measured signal. One way of doing this is to compare variations in nearby records that were subject to the same history of the target climate variable, such as local temperatures. In simple terms, features that appear only in individual records most likely represent non-climate variability, whereas those that reproduce across multiple proxy records potentially represent variations in climate. Such a comparison provides an upper limit on the climate information contained in the record.. Reproducibility is a necessary but not sufficient condition for a reconstructed signal to be inferred as climatic in origin. Spatially coherent variability can also be caused by environmental changes independent of the variable of interest. For example, changes in ocean circulation might cause large-scale changes in water masses that affect the preservation of marine climate proxies and thus ...
( team of researchers with affiliations to several universities in the U.S. has helped uncover the frequency of El Niño events during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age by obtaining Eastern ...
Local climate handled safe-keeping, also known as heat-specific safe-keeping, can be defined as a special style of package built to maintain continuous humidity and temperature quantities within an region. In many instances, this sort of package is made to be applied in cellars and garages ., attics, or crawlspaces the place temp and moisture content […]
In September, Climate Fringe Week will take place at the same time as Great Big Green Week, an initiative from The Climate Coalition. The timing also coincides with Climate Week NYC (20-26 September), when international leaders from business, government and civil society will meet for talks in New York. This is a vital time to show that communities across Scotland and the rest of the UK support strong action on climate change, prior to the COP26 climate conference taking place in Glasgow in November.. Climate Fringe Week is being spearheaded by Stop Climate Chaos Scotland, a diverse coalition of over 60 non-profit organisations, with further organisations supporting the week itself.. Kat Jones, COP26 Project Manager at Stop Climate Chaos Scotland, said:. Climate Fringe Week is an amazing opportunity for communities throughout Scotland to showcase the work they are doing on climate action, celebrate some of our successes, and point clearly to where we need to see change.. People and groups who ...
Large-scale shifting of the weight of the atmosphere between mid- and high latitudes creates climate patterns known as the Arctic and North Atlantic Oscillations. These patterns have a big influence on winter weather in the Eastern U.S.
The idea of a National Climate Service has circulated at NOAA since the late 1970s, but data-gathering efforts remain spread over many programmes and agencies. NOAA draws on a host of different observing systems, including satellites, instruments that measure atmospheric carbon dioxide, and ocean buoys that monitor water temperature and salinity. NOAAs National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, NC, keeps archives of long-term climate records, and regional NOAA centres work on climate research problems specific to their geographical area. Outside NOAA, the US Geological Survey collects stream flow data, and the US Department of Agriculture monitors snowpack melt. There is so much information floating around on climate change that it is difficult to separate the wheat from the chaff, says Larry Larson, executive director of the Association of State Floodplain Managers in Madison, Wisconsin. Forest and shoreline managers, utility companies, insurance companies and policy-makers are all looking ...
Ill be heading to Geneva this coming Sunday to attend the World Meteorological Organisations third World Climate Conference. The conference, which runs from August 31 until September 4, takes climate prediction as its theme, and aims to establish an international framework to guide the development of climate services, linking climate predictions with climate-risk management and adaptation. This should an interesting opportunity to look in more depth at the issue of whether climate prediction is indeed scientifically feasible and if so, at what it will take to move from climate projections to predictions. Read more. ...
Earlier we added this to the list, now here is the description of the excuse. Basically what they are saying is that natural climate variability has overtaken the posited powerful effects of CO2 on climate.. From the EUs JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE Last decades slow-down in global warming enhanced by an unusual climate anomaly:. A hiatus in global warming ongoing since 2001 is due to a combination of a natural cooling phase, known as multidecadal variability (MDV) and a downturn of the secular warming trend. The exact causes of the latter, unique in the entire observational record going back to 1850, are still to be identified, according to a JRC article which analysed the phenomena.. The earth hasnt warmed at the same pace during the 20th century. The noticeable temperature increases during some periods interspersed with fairly stable or decreasing levels during others have been explained as a combination of secular global warming (likely manmade) and natural climate variability. We are currently, ...
The December 2004 issue of BAMS contains an article warning of the threats of abrupt climate change (Epstein and McCarthy 2004, hereafter EM04). The article seeks to raise awareness of the risks of an abrupt change in climate related to human influences on the climate system, but, in doing so it repeats a common factual error. Specifically, it identifies the recent growth in economic damages associated with weather and climate events, such as Hurricanes Mitch and Jeanne and tornadoes in the United States, as evidence of trends in extreme events, arguing the rising costs associated with weather volatility provide another derived indicator of the state of the climate system . . . the economic costs related to more severe and volatile weather deserves mention as an integral indicator of volatility. Although the attribution of increasing damages to climate changes is but one of many assertions made by EM04, the repetition of this erroneous claim is worth correcting because it is not consistent ...
Use the Climate-,Local link (on the left sidebar of most of our web pages) to view current climate products. Those products include the Daily Climate Report (CLI), Preliminary Climatology Data (CF6), Record Event Report (RER), Monthly Weather Summary (CLM) and the Regional Summary (RTP). Archived climate products from 2002 to the present are available on this page ...
Hundreds of millions of urban dwellers are at risk from the direct and indirect impacts of climate change. Climate adaption means anticipating those adverse effects and taking appropriate action to prevent or minimize the damage they can cause, or taking advantage of opportunities that may arise. It has been shown that when well planned, early climate adaptation action saves money and lives later on. Adaptation strategies are needed at all levels of urban administration; local, regional, national, EU ...
Welcome to the Bureaus online home of the Australian Climate and Weather Extremes Monitoring System. This website provides comprehensive and timely information about climate and weather extremes of temperature and rainfall. Weather and climate extremes can have significant social, environmental and economic costs, with heat waves and floods prime examples. One of the greatest impacts of climate variability and climate change occurs through changes in the frequency and severity of extreme events. This system has been designed to provide a better basis for monitoring such changes, so that we will be better able to understand, prepare for and adapt to future changes in extreme events. ...
Purpose: Severe hazards associated with climate change are threatening human settlements, thereby requiring global cities to implement comprehensive climate adaptation strategies. For sports organizations, adaptive measures may include designing and constructing new stadiums. In this study, we explore climate change as a vehicle for urban transformation, particularly as it relates to the replacement of existing stadiums with new, more sustainable and resilient venues. Design/methodology/approach: We employed a collective case study approach focusing on three recent cases of stadium replacement: Globe Life Field in Arlington, Texas; Oakland Ballpark in Oakland, California; and Marlins Park in Miami, Florida. These cases were selected because an official representative of each team made explicit references to some form of climate adaptation, though each ballpark faces a distinctive climate-related threat. Findings: Each of the cases illustrates the various ways in which climate vulnerability may be
Fire is an intrinsic element of many forest ecosystems; it shapes their ecological processes, determines species composition and influences landscape structure. However, wildfires may: have undesirable effects on biodiversity and vegetation coverage; produce carbon emissions to the atmosphere; release smoke affecting human health; and cause loss of lives and property. There have been increasing concerns about the potential impacts of climate variability and change on forest fires. Climate change can alter factors that influence the occurrence of fire ignitions, fuel availability and fuel flammability. This review paper aims to identify tools and methods used for gathering information about the impacts of climate variability and change on forest fires, forest fuels and the probability of fires. Tools to assess the impacts of climate variability and change on forest fires include: remote sensing, dynamic global vegetation and landscape models, integrated fire-vegetation models, fire danger rating systems,
Identifying the effect of climate on societies is central to understanding historical economic development, designing modern policies that react to climatic events, and managing future global climate change. Here, I review, synthesize, and interpret recent advances in methods used to measure effects of climate on social and economic outcomes. Because weather variation plays a large role in recent progress, I formalize the relationship between climate and weather from an econometric perspective and discuss their use as identifying variation, highlighting tradeoffs between key assumptions in different research designs and deriving conditions when weather variation exactly identifies the effects of climate. I then describe advances in recent years, such as parameterization of climate variables from a social perspective, nonlinear models with spatial and temporal displacement, characterizing uncertainty, measurement of adaptation, cross-study comparison, and use of empirical estimates to project the ...
Alachua, Florida, USA - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast, and long range monthly outlook. Climate information with charts. Country: Florida, USA, City: Alachua.
The identification of properties that contribute to the persistence and resilience of ecosystems despite climate change constitutes a research priority of global relevance. Here we present a novel, empirical approach to assess the relative sensitivity of ecosystems to climate variability, one property of resilience that builds on theoretical modelling work recognizing that systems closer to critical thresholds respond more sensitively to external perturbations. We develop a new metric, the vegetation sensitivity index, that identifies areas sensitive to climate variability over the past 14 years. The metric uses time series data derived from the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) enhanced vegetation index, and three climatic variables that drive vegetation productivity (air temperature, water availability and cloud cover). Underlying the analysis is an autoregressive modelling approach used to identify climate drivers of vegetation productivity on monthly timescales, in addition to
Amawom, Nigeria - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast and long range monthly outlook. Climate information with charts. Country: Nigeria, City: Amawom.
A climate adaptation resource for Florida, including information on climate impacts, habitats, species, and adaptation strategies.
These and other Federal efforts will be amplified by a number of ambitious private commitments. For example, Esri, the company that produces the ArcGIS software used by thousands of city and regional planning experts, will be partnering with 12 cities across the country to create free and open maps and apps to help state and local governments plan for climate change impacts. Google will donate one petabyte-thats 1,000 terabytes-of cloud storage for climate data, as well as 50 million hours of high-performance computing with the Google Earth Engine platform. The company is challenging the global innovation community to build a high-resolution global terrain model to help communities build resilience to anticipated climate impacts in decades to come. And the World Bank will release a new field guide for the Open Data for Resilience Initiative, which is working in more than 20 countries to map millions of buildings and urban infrastructure.. Every citizen will be affected by climate change-and ...
Columbia Basin Climate Source is a one-stop shop for climate change information relevant to communities in the Columbia Basin-Boundary region. It provides fine-scale climate projection data for Basin-Boundary communities, regionally-relevant impacts information, a database of local climate action examples, resources to inspire further action, and clear guidance on how to make sense of climate science.. The site was produced via a partnership between Columbia Basin Trusts Climate Action Program and the Applied Research and Innovation Centre at Selkirk College, and made possible with funding from the Columbia Basin Trust and Selkirk College researchers developing the site.. Selkirk College acknowledges the First Nations of the West Kootenay and Boundary regions on whose traditional territories we are honoured to operate: the Sn̓ʕay̓čkstx (Sinixt), the Syilx (Okanagan), the Ktunaxa, and the Secwépemc (Shuswap). Columbia Basin Climate Source also extends to the traditional territory of the ...
As world leaders gather in Madrid for the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25), they must address more than future targets for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions.
Extreme weather and climate events (summarised as climate extremes from here onwards) are a crucial aspect of Earths climatic variability. However, climate extremes are frequently associated with adverse impacts on socio-economic and ecological systems. For example, heat in combination with drought may severely affect the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, and in some cases these events have the potential to undo several years of ecosystem carbon sequestration. Moreover, the intensity and frequency of several types of climate extremes, such as heat, cold, and heavy rainfall, have been changing in recent years. These changes are projected to continue in the 21st century, thus raising concerns about the capacity of ecological and socio-economic systems to cope with these events in the future. Nonetheless, our scientific understanding of climate extremes and the mechanistic pathways through which these events propagate into ecological or socio-economic systems, remains limited. The impact of ...
Starry stonewort (Nitellopsis obtusa) is an alga that has emerged as an aquatic invasive species of concern in the United States. Where established, starry stonewort can interfere with recreational uses of water bodies and potentially have ecological impacts. Incipient invasion of starry stonewort in Minnesota provides an opportunity to predict future expansion in order to target early detection and strategic management. We used ecological niche models to identify suitable areas for starry stonewort in Minnesota based on global occurrence records and present-day and future climate conditions. We assessed sensitivity of forecasts to different parameters, using four emission scenarios (i.e., RCP 2.6, RCP 4.5, RCP 6, and RCP 8.5) from five future climate models (i.e., CCSM, GISS, IPSL, MIROC, and MRI). From our niche model analyses, we found that (i) occurrences from the entire range, instead of occurrences restricted to the invaded range, provide more informed models; (ii) default settings in Maxent did
Scientists use very fast supercomputers to run Global Climate Models (GCMs). GCMs are a good tool to use to better understand Earths climate. We know that climate is not the same everywhere in the world. In some parts of the world it is pretty easy to model the climate. In other places, it is much more tricky to model the climate. It turns out that theSoutheast Pacific, near the west coast of South America, is one of those tricky places ...
The international journal Climate Dynamics provides for the publication of high-quality research on all aspects of the dynamics of the global climate ...
President Donald Trumps first budget proposal took a big swing at the centers, proposing to cut their numbers in half and reduce their budget by a third. But the Trump administration didnt try to eliminate them outright as it has many other Obama climate change initiatives. The key to their resilience is that they dont focus on the kinds of climate science that the Trump administration likes least - research into the human role in climate change and how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Now supporters of the Climate Science Centers believe theres hope the centers will ride out the Trump administration.. Even in this administration, theres a recognition that we still need to prepare for increased flooding and drought and the knock-on effects of climate change, says Bruce Stein, chief scientist of the National Wildlife Federation. Thats why the Trump administrations budget also proposed adding the word adaptation to the centers name: Climate Adaptation Science Centers. We believe that ...
However, even scientists skeptical of global warming alarmism tend to think that human activity is indeed the cause of this increase.3 Remember, the global warming debate is ultimately not about whether atmospheric CO2 is increasing. Nor is it really a debate about whether or not humans are primarily responsible for the increased CO2. Nor is it even a debate about whether or not an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide would result in an eventual temperature increase. It would, but this increase would be very slight. The real debate is whether or not climate feedbacks would either enhance or impede the warming, once started. In other words, does our climate self-correct to avoid climate extremes, or can small changes to the climate system bring about a climate catastrophe?6 Biblically, we would expect the Earths climate system to self-correct, since God promised a degree of climate stability since the Genesis Flood (Genesis 8:22 ...
Many people hold the mistaken belief that reconstructions of past climate are the sole evidence for current and future climate change. They are not. However, they are very interesting and useful for all sorts of reasons: for modellers to test out theories of climate change, for geographers, archaeologists and historians to examine the impact of climate on past civilizations and ecosystems, and for everyone to get a sense of what climate is capable of doing, how fast it does it and why. As a small part of that enterprise, the climate of the medieval period has received a very high (and sometimes disproportionate) profile in the public discourse - due in no small part to the mistaken notion that it is an important factor for the attribution of current climate change. Its existence as a period of generally warmer temperatures (at least in the Northern hemisphere) than the centuries that followed is generally accepted. But the timing, magnitude and spatial extent are much more uncertain. All ...
images/sst/sst.anom.gif .. This multi-year Pacific Decadal Oscillation cool trend can cause La Niña-like impacts around the Pacific basin, said Bill Patzert, an oceanographer and climatologist at NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The present cool phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation will have significant implications for shifts in marine ecosystems, and for land temperature and rainfall patterns around the Pacific basin. According to Nathan Mantua of the Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington, Seattle, whose research contributed to the early understanding of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, Even with the strong La Niña event fading in the tropics last spring, the North Pacifics sea surface temperature anomaly pattern has remained strongly negative since last fall. This cool phase will likely persist this winter and, perhaps, beyond. Historically, this situation has been associated with favorable ocean conditions for the return of U.S. west coast Coho ...
The NYC Cloudburst Resiliency Planning Study & pilot project is a world-class example of an integrated planning & analysis process shaping a solid basis for future decisions on how to implement climate adaptation initiatives fully or partly based on green infrastructure.
Page 0 The Mobilization for Climate Justice is a North America-based network of organizations and activists who have joined together to build a North American climate justice movement that emphasizes non-violent direct action and public education to mobilize for effective and just solutions to the climate crisis. The Mobilization for Climate Justice invites communities, organizations and activists across North America to join us in organizing mass action on climate change on November 30, 2009 (N30). N30 is significant because it both immediately precedes the upcoming UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen (COP-15) and is the ten-year anniversary of the successful shut down of the WTO in Seattle, when activists worldwide came together to demonstrate the power of collective action. The Copenhagen climate meetings will be a major focus for international mass actions this November and December, and the MCJ is linked to these efforts as well.
The second issue of the WHS newsletter is now available here. ( Online registration has began and profiles of some of the keynote speakers. The Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina will host a panel on Climate Change and Health.. With reference to the impact of climatic change on parasitic diseases the Colombian Academy of Medicine informs us that a symposium is being organized at the XX Congress of the Latin American Federation of Parasitology in Bogotá, Colombia from 27 September to 1 October 2011. Topics covered will include: Climatic and non-climatic factors affecting tick borne diseases emergence and spread in Europe, Impact of climatic change on transmisssion of Ascaris lumbricoides and Distribution of Leishmaniasis. More information is available here. An IAMP sponsored workshop on Scientific Writing will be held next week in Paris at the Académie des Sciences & Académie Nationale de Médecine. The aim is to ...
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and leptospirosis are seasonal rodent-borne infections in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The occurrences of HFRS and leptospirosis are influenced by climatic variability. However, few studies have examined the effects of local climatic variables on the development of these infections. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of climatic factors on the occurrence of HFRS and leptospirosis in Korea. Daily records on human cases of HFRS and leptospirosis between January 2001 to December 2009 were analyzed. The associations of climatic factors with these cases in high incidence provinces were estimated using the time-series method and multivariate generalized linear Poisson models with a maximal lag of 12 weeks. From 2001 to 2009, a total of 2912 HFRS and 889 leptospirosis cases were reported, with overall incidences of 0.67 and 0.21 cases per 100,000, respectively, in the study areas. The increase in minimum temperature (1 °C) at a lag of 11 weeks
One of the most challenging tasks of climate science is to determine climate sensitivity. It is often defined as the equilibrium response of the global mean surface temperature to the doubling of atmospheric CO2. Unfortunately, currently available models have sensitivities that vary across a wide range. According to the report of the fourth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment (1), about two-thirds of the current climate models have sensitivities that range between 2 °C and 4.5 °C. Although this range is itself large, the sensitivities of one-third of the models lie outside of this range. The need to reduce this sizable uncertainty is one of the important reasons it is urgent to understand and reliably quantify the mechanisms that determine climate sensitivity.. Climate sensitivity is inversely proportional to the strength of the radiative feedback that operates on the global-scale perturbation of surface temperature. Here, we describe our attempt to estimate the ...
Those of us who have hoped for a magical, Big Bang, or global agreement on Climate Change, may feel disappointed at Christiana Figueress (Executive Secretary, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) conclusion that we cannot have one. Certainly, the past attempts at Climate Change negotiations among the world powers have been dismal. So much so that were happy countries are still talking to each other about Climate Change at all-regardless of what they say. Progress on Climate Change, according to Figueres, will be incremental. (From Global Meltdown: Christiana Figueres, Climate One.) Incremental progress, a rate comfortable to nations around the world, sounds comforting, until you realize the intractability of this issue. That once-in-a-thousand-year heat wave that hit France in 2003 and killed 15,000 people is predicted by climate models to occur every other year by the 2040s. (Read The Weather of the Future: Heat Waves, Extreme Storms, and Other Scenes from a ...
The results of the work by Ko et al,1 combined with past such studies, also have potentially critical relevance to the challenge of climate change that faces all nations of the world. The most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report5 has concluded, in the most definitive terms yet, that global climate change is occurring, stating that: Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level. The fact that the man-made contribution to the climate change pollutants is largely caused by the same activity that causes the air pollution discussed by Ko et al indicates that, if a city, state, or nation acts to reduce the combustion of fossil fuels and the air pollution caused by them, it will reap not only the climate change benefits but also the localised health benefits associated with that reduction in air pollution. ...
Climate change has become a major challenge globally. Human activities have several direct and indirect impacts on health. In Nigeria, the impacts of climate change are more devastating due to their vulnerability and low coping capability. Studies on the impacts of climate change on health risks in Nigeria are scare. With this rationale, this study investigates the effects of climate change on health risks in Nigeria. Evidence abounds that climate change impacts in Nigeria arise from climate change-related causes such as increase in temperature, rainfall, sea level rise, extreme weather events and, especially, increased health risks. Health risks such as cerebra-spinal meningitis, cardiovascular respiratory disorder of elderly, skin cancer, malaria, high blood pressure and morbidity were identified as the direct consequences of climate change. The study concluded that government should raise awareness on adverse effects of climate change which is common among vulnerable groups, like women, children and
800) 877 8339. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In cooperation with NOAA and other Federal, State, and tribal partners, we are soliciting public comments on the draft National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (Strategy). The adverse impacts of climate change transcend political and administrative boundaries. No single entity or level of government can safeguard wildlife and society against the effects of climate change. When finalized, this draft Strategy will present a unified approach reflecting shared principles and science-based practices for reducing the negative impacts of climate change on fish, wildlife, plants, habitats, and our natural resource heritage. The Strategy will provide a basis for sensible actions that can be taken now, in spite of the uncertainties that exist about precise impacts of climate change. It also will provide guidance about what further actions are most likely to promote natural resource adaptation to climate change, and will describe mechanisms ...
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SAN JOSÉ, Apr 9 2014 (IPS) - There are few experiences more frustrating than a delay in travel plans caused by bad weather. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), this may be something we will have to get used to in the future.. In March 2014, the IPCC released the 5th assessment of the impacts, adaptation strategies, and vulnerabilities related to global climate change. The report makes it clear that travelling in the future will become more of an ordeal.. Extreme weather events related to climate change, such as heat waves, storms and coastal flooding, are predicted to increase in frequency with only a 1°C increase in average global temperature - and current trends indicate even higher rises in average temperature. Besides the more serious effects, this is a recipe for more travel delays, larger numbers of travellers stranded and a greater overall risk associated with travelling.. And the news gets worse if your destination involves beaches or coral reefs.. As ...
Based on current global climate anomaly conditions and forecasts, El Niño is likely to develop during late 2014 and persist into early 2015. The expected effects on regional weather patterns include persistent high temperatures and drought in some areas, and heavy rainfall and flooding in others. This may enhance populations of particular vectors and the transmission of various infectious diseases in human and animal populations.. Although local weather conditions mediate part of ENSOs influence on infectious disease transmission (teleconnections), incorporating ENSO indicators into disease risk predictions offers advantages. ENSO forecasts typically can anticipate local weather effects several months before they manifest, providing lead-time for public health risk communication, enhancement of disease and vector surveillance programs, provisioning of clinical resources (for example, vaccines and diagnostics), and other preparedness measures. Also, a large-scale climate phenomenon such as ...
How will the current risk areas be affected by climate change? This depends on the underlying assumptions regarding the future course of global climate change on which ones calculations are based. The researchers in Bayreuth and Stockholm used two different climate change scenarios. One of the two scenarios assumes that climate change will progress moderately and that the IPCC target of 2 degrees Celsius per year will only be slightly missed. The average global temperature would increase by 2.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 compared to pre-industrial times. On this assumption, the calculations point to a general trend that will make the climate conditions around the world more favourable for Chikungunya infections.. By contrast, the second scenario assumes that climate change will be left unchecked to a large extent. Here the average global temperature would increase by around 4.6 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 compared to pre-industrial times. In this case, the regions at high risk of ...
ENVIRONMENT and Climate Change Canada scientists recently completed a study on the influence of human-induced climate change on British Columbias 2017 wildfire season. Published in Earths Future, the study found that human influences on the climate played a major role in the extreme 2017 wildfire season and substantially increased the risk of wildfires. The area burned was seven to 11 times larger than would have been expected without human influences on the climate.. The study, led by research scientists from Environment and Climate Change Canada and the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium at the University of Victoria, used climate simulations to compare two scenarios: one with realistic amounts of human influence on the climate and one with minimal human influence. Researchers determined that the extreme summer temperatures during the 2017 British Columbia forest fire season were made over twenty times more likely by human-induced climate change. Extreme high temperatures combined with dry ...
New paper finds climate sensitivity to CO2 is only 0.43C, about 7 times less than the IPCC claims. A new paper published in the Open Journal of Atmospheric and Climate Change by renowned professor of physics and expert on spectroscopy Dr. Hermann Harde finds that climate sensitivity to a doubling of CO2 levels is only about 0.43C, about 7 times less than the IPCC claims, but in line with many other published low estimates of climate sensitivity. The paper further establishes that climate sensitivity to tiny changes in solar activity is comparable to that of CO2 and by no means insignificant as the IPCC prefers to claim. The following is a Google translation from the German EIKE site with an overview of the main findings of the paper, followed by a link to the full paper [in English]. Assessment of global warming due to CO2 and solar influence Currently climate sensitivity (eg (is again called times much about ...
Climate exerts a powerful influence on biological processes, but the effects of climate change on ecosystem nutrient flux and cycling are poorly resolved. Although rare, long-term records offer a unique opportunity to disentangle effects of climate from other anthropogenic influences. Here, we examine the longest and most complete record of watershed nutrient and climate dynamics available worldwide, which was collected at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in the northeastern United States. We used empirical analyses and model calculations to distinguish between effects of climate change and past perturbations on the forest nitrogen (N) cycle. We find that climate alone cannot explain the occurrence of a dramatic ,90% drop in watershed nitrate export over the past 46 y, despite longer growing seasons and higher soil temperatures. The strongest climate influence was an increase in soil temperature accompanied by a shift in paths of soil water flow within the watershed, but this effect ...
There has been an overall decline in copepod populations across the North Atlantic over the past few decades. Reasons for these declines are unclear, and several major species, including the cyclopoid copepod Oithona similis, have maintained stable populations at station L4 in the western English Channel. To identify the factors contributing to this stability, we conducted a 1-year intensive study of O. similis at L4 over 2017-2018, a period of high climatic variability. For context, dominant frequency state analysis was applied to the 30-year L4 time series to derive the baseline dynamics of the Oithona spp. population. The Oithona spp. baseline demonstrated stable densities and a bimodal annual cycle. These dynamics, as well as those of reproductive output and phaenological timings, were upheld in 2017-2018, indicating resilience to climatic variability. During 2017-2018, all life stages of O. similis were relatively scarce in the top 2 m of the water column, despite the presence of abundant food.
141 Kahya, E., & Dracup, J. A. (1993). U.S. Streamflow Patterns in Relation to the El Nino/Southern Oscillation. Water Resources Research 29 (8), 2491 2503. Kaplan, A., Cane, M., Kushnir, Y., Clement, A., Blumenthal, M., & Rajagopalan, B. (1998). Analyses of Global Sea Surface Temperature 1856 1991. Journal of Geophysical Research 103 (18), 567 589. Kardioglu, M., Tulunay, Y., & Borham, Y. (1999). Variability of Turkish Precipitation Compared to El Nino Events. Geophysical Research Letters 26 (11), 1597 1600. Kennedy, A. M., Garen, D. C., & Koch, R. W. (2009). The association between climate teleconnection indices and Upper Klamath seasonal streamflow: Trans Nino Index. Hydrological Processes 23 973 984. doi:10.1002/hyp.7200 Kock, R.W., & Fisher, A.R. (2000). Effects of Inter annual and Decadal scale Climate Variability on Winter and Spring Streamflow in western Oregon and Washington. Pro ceedings of the Western Snow Conference (pp. 1 11). Port Angeles, Washington. Martinez, C. J., Risko, S. L., ...
Abstract. Climate, fire and soil nutritional limitation are important elements that affect the vegetation dynamics in areas of forest-savanna transition. In this paper, we use the dynamic vegetation model INLAND to evaluate the influence of climate variability, fire and phosphorus limitation on the Amazon-Cerrado transitional vegetation structure and dynamics. We assess how each element affects the net primary production, leaf area index and biomass and compare the simulations of aboveground biomass to observed biomass map. We used two climate datasets - the 1960-1990 average seasonal climate and the 1948 to 2008 interannual climate variability, two regional datasets of total soil P content in soil, based on regional (field measurements) and global data and the INLAND fire module. Our results show that climate interannual variability, phosphorus limitation and fire occurrence gradually improve simulated vegetation types and these effects are not homogeneous along the latitudinal/longitudinal ...
Global climate change is arguably this generations most pressing issue, and while some European countries have already taken drastic steps to reduce carbon emissions, the rest of the world and especially the United States, who ranks 40th out of 58 countries in the Climate Performance Index, is lagging. United States climate change policy has been a controversial topic for several years, and the rise of misinformation in the media and contrarian culture has deepened this divide. Climate change as revealed by the scientific community, however, has been established and shown to be caused by human actions for decades, and the general public is slowly also beginning to understand human influence. The importance of understanding the nuances of climate change extends beyond just curiosity purposes, as climate change has several health effects, both direct and indirect. It is no longer a question of whether or not climate change will impact our health, but the extent in which we are already doing so ...
Dear colleagues The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has just released a new report about climate changes Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation IPCCs WGII report. The report finds that climate change has detrimental effects on every continent, it warns about food and water shortages, rising sea levels, and serious impacts on human health and shows that current emission trends mean that the world will start exceeding limits to adaptation in both natural and human systems. For the first time the IPCC health chapter has a dedicated section to gender and covers the co-benefits of mitigating against climate change and improving health. These co-benefits include reducing local pollution and emissions of climate altering pollutants from energy production through shifting to renewables, better combustion and energy efficiency, shifting diets in rich countries to less animal products, redesigning communities to promote active transport and providing access to reproductive health ...
Heat is the most direct route from climate change to human health. The links between high temperatures and increased mortality and morbidity have been described in great detail in many settings around the world,1 and the physiological mechanisms are well understood.2 The effects are frequently magnified when there are consecutive days of very high temperatures (heat waves). Indeed extreme events such as the European heat wave of 2003 may provide some of the first evidence of impacts of climate change on human health. (The probability that the 2003 heat wave was caused by human modification of the global climate is more than 75%, according to one recent estimate3: it is more likely than not that the heat wave, and the accompanying tens of thousands of excess deaths, can be attributed to climate change.). It is virtually certain, according to the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate (IPCC) assessment of the science of climate change, that there will be warmer and/or more frequent hot ...
The potential withdrawal of the United States from the Paris climate agreement has broad implications for society and the environment. While much attention has concentrated upon melting glaciers, rising sea levels and conflicts over scarce resources, another area represents a major cause for concern: human health. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global climate change has direct health impacts tied to changes in the frequency of extreme weather events including heat, drought and intense rain. Additionally, increasing temperatures alter ecosystem dynamics, making it easier for mosquitoes and other organisms to come into contact with human populations and spread infectious disease (Smith et al. 2014).
Africa is vulnerable to natural variations in climate and human-induced climate change. Climate projections for Africa show that the continent may be the second hardest hit by climate change impacts, immediately following polar zones (IPCC, 2007). Climate change impacts are already constraining economic development.. The African Climate Risks Conference (ACRC2019) is therefore an open platform, hosted by Future Climate for Africa, for sharing latest climate research on African climate among researchers, and with policy makers, practitioners and development partners, with the goal to ensure the improved flow of knowledge and interactions among researchers, practitioners and decision-makers; toward greater impact and legacy of completed and on-going African climate research initiatives.. The Conference will offer a prime opportunity to promote the uptake of new data, tools and knowledge; brokering new research collaborations and more targeted donor support. It will also stimulate increased ...
Eastern spruce-fir forest ecosystems are among the most vulnerable to climate change within the continuous US. The goal of this project was to develop tools to identify refugia sites most likely to support spruce-fir forest and its associated high-priority obligate spruce-fir bird species over the long-term under projected climate change scenarios. Specific research objectives included: (1) producing high-resolution (temporal and spatial) projections of spruce-fir forests, including stand characteristics like structure and composition; (2) estimating future changes in the distribution, productivity and stand characteristics of the spruce-fir forest type due to potential changes in climate; (3) comparing the distribution and condition of spruce-fir forest for different climate change scenarios to identify areas with key physiographic settings likely to support refugia for this forest type; (4) modeling bird occurrence, distribution, nesting phenology and productivity as functions of climate and ...
The issue of worldwide climate injustice has been high on the agenda of the global climate movement for several years. This injustice stems from the fact that many countries of the Global South are suffering the worst effects of anthropogenic climate change even though they themselves played a very small role in creating it.. The industrialised countries of the Global North, however, who have contributed excessively high CO2 emissions, are far less affected by the negative consequences of climate change. Although the concept of global climate justice has been mentioned frequently in the past, these statements have often been little more than empty words. Practical solutions, such as how to go about setting up relevant and tangible compensation measures in line with the principle of global climate justice, are hardly ever discussed. But as long as this issue remains nothing more than a general demand, no action will ever be taken. That is why it is ethically imperative for the worldwide climate ...
With our MSc Global Environmental Change, youll develop the knowledge and skills to address some of the worlds major challenges. Your study topics include climate change, environmental law and policy, meteorology and sustainability. This wide-ranging programme reflects the strength of unique expertise held within our prizewinning Natural Resources Institute (NRI).. Our recent interdisciplinary research ranges from practical areas with a direct relevance to climate adaptation - such as agricultural practices - to issues of equity and environmental economics. NRI academics who run modules for the MSc Global Environmental Change have contributed to global initiatives such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment reports.. This course is now closed for international applicants for September 2021. Applications are still open for UK applicants for September 2021.. ...
Solve a big problem and get a big reward. Thats how our market economy works. The granddaddy of problems in the 21st century is climate disruption. Our increasingly unstable climate brings unacceptable economic and social risks. Solving that problem means massive global investment in low-carbon energy technologies and infrastructure. The potential rewards are massive.. The threat of climate disruption is clear. The IPCCs (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) recent report - their Fifth Assessment - is but the latest in a series of increasingly urgent warnings from our most august institutions. The Royal Society, the US National Academies of Science, the International Energy Agency, NASA, the Pentagon - all confirm business as usual takes us to a dangerous place. We can no longer stop climate disruption, but we can slow it down - reducing the costs of adaptation: more extreme weather; increasing frequency of floods and droughts; rising ocean levels; food scarcity. The solution is to ...
Evaluating the impact of climate change on sediment yield has become one of the major topics in climate research. The purpose of this study was to investigate sediment yield contribution to lake volume change under changing climatic conditions in the Central Rift Valley Basin. The ensemble mean of five regional climate models (RCMs) in the coordinated regional climate downscaling experiment (CORDEX)-Africa was considered for the purpose of this study. The climate variables (precipitation, minimum and maximum temperatures) in RCMs were bias corrected against observed data (1985-2016) using linear scaling (LS), power transformation (PT), variance of scaling (VS), and quantile mapping (QM). Two emission scenarios, the Representative Concentration Pathways, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, were considered for the future scenario period (2041-2070). Better results were obtained when the ensemble values of the bias correction methods were used. Hence, the projected values of climate variables after bias correction ...
Posted on 03/22/2014 9:47:13 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer. Junk Science: Climate change deniers, as global warm-mongers call those who think empirical evidence is more reliable than computer models, may soon count among their number a 50,000-strong body of physicists. At the risk of being accused of embracing what alarmists call the flat-earth view of climate change, the American Physical Society has appointed a balanced, six-person committee to review its stance on so-called climate change that includes three distinguished skeptics: Judith Curry, John Christy and Richard Lindzen. Their credentials are impressive. Christy is director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama, Huntsville, and was a lead author of the 2001 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Curry is a professor and chairwoman of the School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Lindzen, an Alfred P. Sloan professor of meteorology at MIT from 1983 to 2013, ...
Europe is experiencing wide-ranging changes in average climate and in weather extremes. The magnitude and pace of global climate change in the future depends on the development of society and economies on a global scale. These changes are captured in global socio-economic and climate scenarios. Socio-economic scenarios provide plausible descriptions of possible future states of the world based on the choices made by society - they are not predictions. Global socio-economic scenarios inform greenhouse gas emissions scenarios, which are used by global climate models to provide projections of future climate change at a global scale. These projections can be downscaled, using regional climate models or statistical downscaling techniques, to calculate more detailed climate projections for Europe.. The Global Framework for Climate Services enables better management of the risks of climate variability and change through the development of science-based climate information and prediction, and its ...
Recently, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Energy Secretary Rick Perry have called for the establishment of an adversarial Red Team/Blue Team (RT/BT) process to assess the credibility of key findings of climate science. These highly publicized requests echo earlier calls for an RT/BT process by New York University physicist Steven Koonin. The underlying premise is that previous assessments of climate science are untrustworthy, self-serving, underestimate key uncertainties, and lack participation from critical voices. The implicit message in RT/BT requests is simple: only the current administration can conduct a fair and unbiased assessment of climate science.. Both the underlying premise and the implicit message are wrong. Climate science has been reviewed for decades, by the national academies of dozens of countries, relevant professional societies, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and many other entities with real domain expertise. Review processes are arduous. They typically ...
AIR: The Intersection of School Climate and Social and Emotional Development. A deep dive into SELs role in school climate, including SEL frameworks, needs of schools, and measurement. You can use this resource if you are interested in the natural alignment between school climate and SEL programs.. AIR: Measuring School Climate. A review of school climate evaluation systems as a method of assessing school principal performance employing school climate surveys in a novel way.. AIR: Ten Key Ideas for Social Emotional Learning School Climate. Useful if you are seeking actionable steps to build a foundation of mutual support for SEL and school climate.. National School Climate Council: National School Climate Standards. Five standards with indicators and subindicators to improve and promote positive school environments.. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: School Climate and Social and Emotional Learning: The Integration of Two Approaches. A discussion of the mutually beneficial relationship between ...
The Motion proposed by Councillor Glover that was passed.. Pursuant to Procedure Rule 12, the Corporate Director of Governance and Regulatory Services to report the receipt of the following motion submitted on notice by Councillor Glover:. Extreme weather events over the last few years have presented severe challenges to property, transport, agriculture and other services in the Carlisle area and have led to the deaths and displacement of thousands of people worldwide. The MET Office clearly states that these kind of extreme weather events are significantly more likely on a planet with human-caused climate change.. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1.5C report, published in October 2018, humanity has 11 years for ambitious action from national and sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities to deliver the rapid and far-reaching transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport, and cities needed to ...
Emma Gattey. Scorchers: A climate fiction anthology, edited by Paul Mountfort and Rosslyn Prosser (Eunoia Publishing, 2020), 280pp., $29. At the time of writing, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has just released its report on the physical science basis of climate change, including the role of human influence and the state of knowledge about possible climate futures. The findings are terrifying, sobering, devastating. They are also entirely unsurprising. Beyond the realms of climate research and science communication (although often with considerable overlap), fiction writers are among those who have long been grappling with eco-anxiety, futility and the overwhelming question of how on earth to compel people to care, and to act.. Art as call to action, as science communication, as therapy, as igniting a fire under yourself and others: a call to witness … and to face the future as staunchly as we are able. This is Scorchers, to a tee. A wide-ranging anthology from sixteen ...
Climate change is one of the most significant challenges to the Caribbeans future prosperity. The impacts of climate change on economically important sectors such as tourism, agriculture and fishing threaten Caribbean nations ability to achieve their economic and social development goals. By 2050, the costs to the region are expected to reach US$22 bn each year; this represents 10% of regional gross domestic product, based on 2004 figures. Paying for recovery efforts after natural disasters causes significant budgetary pressures and diverts funds from other pressing development issues such as health and education. However, responding to climate challenges is highly complex. Climate change has cross-cutting impacts that span sectors and spatial scales, and involves multiple stakeholders. Delivering effective climate change adaptation is therefore a question of governance.. Bottom-up, community-level approaches are important in meeting the challenges that climate change poses, but in isolation ...
Observed Climate Data. Q. Should I take 1961-90 or 1990 as my baseline?. A. IPCC have usually taken the year 1990 as the baseline year for the presentation of emissions scenarios and for calculations of future climate and sea-level change. 1990 has also been adopted by the UN FCCC in their definition of emissions reductions targets. Choosing a single year as a baseline is appropriate for some applications, but not for others.. With regard to climate, for example, a single year is not appropriate to use as the baseline. Climate variability means that a single year may be unusually warm or cold or dry or wet and does not therefore make a useful reference point for measuring climate change. More common in climatological applications is the use of the average climate over a 30-year period to define the reference or baseline climate. A 30-year climatic average smoothes out many of the year-to-year variations in climate, while the individual 30 years of such a period captures much of the ...
1] The impact of extreme sea ice initial conditions on modelled climate is analysed for a fully coupled atmosphere ocean sea ice general circulation model, the Hadley Centre climate model HadCM3. A control run is chosen as reference experiment with greenhouse gas concentration fixed at preindustrial conditions. Sensitivity experiments show an almost complete recovery from total removal or strong increase of sea ice after four years. Thus, uncertainties in initial sea ice conditions seem to be unimportant for climate modelling on decadal or longer time scales. When the initial conditions of the ocean mixed layer were adjusted to ice- free conditions, a few substantial differences remained for more than 15 model years. But these differences are clearly smaller than the uncertainty of the HadCM3 run and all the other 19 IPCC fourth assessment report climate model preindustrial runs. It is an important task to improve climate models in simulating the past sea ice variability to enable them to make ...
There has been a remarkable scientific output on the topic of how climate change is likely to affect plant diseases in the coming decades. This review addresses the need for review of this burgeoning literature by summarizing opinions of previous reviews and trends in recent studies on the impacts of climate change on plant health. Sudden Oak Death is used as an introductory case study: Californian forests could become even more susceptible to this emerging plant disease, if spring precipitations will be accompanied by warmer temperatures, although climate shifts may also affect the current synchronicity between host cambium activity and pathogen colonization rate. A summary of observed and predicted climate changes, as well as of direct effects of climate change on pathosystems, is provided. Prediction and management of climate change effects on plant health are complicated by indirect effects and the interactions with global change drivers. Uncertainty in models of plant disease development ...
At the core of the Ecology Centers local climate work, there is an understanding of the science and a strong belief that each individual can make a difference. Climate solutions require innovation, and innovation usually starts on a small scale -- like right here in our own backyard.. The Ecology Centers work on climate change and greenhouse gas reduction is strategic, comprehensive, and innovative. Recognizing that local, individualized action is critical to addressing the climate crisis, we started this work with Ann Arbor 350, a project to organize residents to support policies and programs throughout the state that reduces our overall carbon footprint. While Ann Arbor 350 is no longer in operation. Now, we are coordinating the A2 Climate Partnership to implement Ann Arbors Climate Action Plan.. Ann Arbors Climate Action Plan was first created in 2012. While much work has been done, there is a lot of work left to do. ...
Global climate change has emerged as a major driver of ecosystem change. Here we present evidence for globally consistent responses in vegetation dynamics to recent climate change in the worlds mountain ecosystems located in the pan-tropical belt (30°N -30°S). We analysed decadal-scale trends and s
The Global Climate Change Specialist will provide technical support and advice to USAID field missions and bureaus with strategy development, design, performance monitoring and evaluation of USAID-sponsored climate change programs, particularly those related to climate change adaptation and integration. S/he will be responsible for improving indicators, tools, and guidance related to monitoring the results of USAID climate change programs, in particular climate change adaptation and integration programs. The Specialist will provide quality control on performance reporting, help maintain a system of consolidating performance data, and analyze data for management and communications purposes. S/he will coordinate the collection of contextual data relevant to USAID climate change programs. The Specialist will interact regularly with field missions, provide regular updates on performance monitoring guidance to the field, coordinate with other donor agencies, and help improve and deliver training on ...
Increasingly, climate change impact assessments rely directly on climate models. Assessments of future water security depend in part on how the land model components in climate models partition precipitation into evapotranspiration and runoff, and on the sensitivity of this partitioning to climate. Runoff sensitivities are not well constrained, with CMIP5 models displaying a large spread for the present day, which projects onto change under warming, creating uncertainty. Here we show that constraining CMIP5 model runoff sensitivities with observed estimates could reduce uncertainty in runoff projection over the western United States by up to 50%. We urge caution in the direct use of climate model runoff for applications and encourage model development to use regional-scale hydrological sensitivity metrics to improve projections for water security assessments. Model estimates of future hydroclimate are uncertain, especially at the regional scale. This Perspective argues that constraining model runoff and
Description. From Joseph Romm, Chief Science Advisor for National Geographics Years of Living Dangerously series and one of Rolling Stones 100 people who are changing America, Climate Change offers user-friendly, scientifically rigorous answers to the most difficult (and commonly politicized) questions surrounding what climatologist Lonnie Thompson has deemed a clear and present danger to civilization. New questions about climate change addressed in this guide include: - Analysis of the Paris climate agreement, including the United States withdrawal - Implications of the clean energy revolution, from solar and wind power to batteries and electric cars - The latest on climate science, including updates on efforts to stem or slow climate change - Insights into what Donald Trumps presidency means for climate action in the US and internationally As the global response to climate change continues to evolve, Climate Change: What Everyone Needs to Know® offers smart, unbiased answers to the ...
The El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) constitutes a major source of potential predictability in the tropics. The majority of past seasonal prediction studies have concentrated on precipitation anomalies at the seasonal mean timescale. However, fields such as agriculture and water resource management require higher time frequency forecasts of precipitation variability. Regional climate models (RCMs), with their increased resolution, may offer one means of improving general circulation model forecasts of higher time frequency precipitation variability. Part I of this study evaluated the ability of the Rossby Centre regional atmospheric model (RCA), forced by analysed boundary conditions, to simulate seasonal mean precipitation anomalies over the tropical Americas associated with ENSO variability. In this paper the same integrations are analysed, with the focus now on precipitation anomalies at subseasonal (pentad) timescales. RCA simulates the climatological annual cycle of pentad-mean ...
NOAA Climate Services Portal NOAA State of the Climate NASA's Climate change and global warming portal Climate Prediction ... Climate models are mathematical models of past, present, and future climates. Climate change may occur over long and short ... Global climate models can be dynamically or statistically downscaled to regional climate models to analyze impacts of climate ... Climate inertia Climate Prediction Center Climatic map Climograph Ecosystem Effect of Sun angle on climate Greenhouse effect ...
A miracle has happened,' announced a contributor to Climate Audit, a website devoted to criticising the science of climate ... Since 2002, Steve McIntyre, the editor of Climate Audit, a blog that investigates the statistical methods used in climate ... "Climate Auditor" websites. After the UK Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) came into effect in 2005, Climate Audit readers were ... Climate Audit is a blog founded in 2005 by Steve McIntyre. In November 2009 journalist Andrew Revkin described it in The New ...
"Film "Climate Refugees" Explores Impact of Climate Change". Franklin Environmental Center at Hillcrest. Middlebury College. ... "Climate Refugees (film)". Retrieved 2016-01-09. O'Lear, Shannon; Dalby, Simon (2015). Reframing Climate Change: Constructing ... Fritz, Jeanine (13 February 2010). "'Climate Refugees' director Michael Nash presents human picture of climate change". Daily ... Climate Refugees is a 2010 American documentary film, directed and produced by Michael P. Nash. The documentary attempts to ...
"Quantification of the northern Italy Pliocene climate from pollen data: evidence for a very peculiar climate pattern". Boreas. ... During the Pliocene epoch (5.3 Ma to 2.6 Ma), the Earth's climate became cooler and drier, as well as more seasonal, marking a ... The mid-Pliocene warm period is considered a potential analog of future climate. The intensity of the sunlight reaching the ... Model simulations of mid-Pliocene climate produce warmer conditions at middle and high latitudes, as much as 10-20 °C warmer ...
Climate of Africa, Climate of Asia, Climate of Australia, Climate of North America, Climate of South America, Deserts, Deserts ... The desert climate or arid climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk), is a dry climate sub-type in which there ... a hot desert climate (BWh), and a cold desert climate (BWk). To delineate "hot desert climates" from "cold desert climates", ... though summers are not typically as hot as hot desert climates. Unlike hot desert climates, cold desert climates tend to ...
... enhances legacy climate goals (stabilizing earth's climate) to include ensuring the survival of humanity by ... Worldward Foundation for Climate Restoration Global Coalition for Climate Restoration The Climate Foundation Lindsey, Rebecca ( ... "limit the magnitude or rate of long-term climate change". Advocates of climate restoration accept that climate change has ... Climate restoration is the climate change goal and associated actions to restore CO2 to levels humans have actually survived ...
Subpolar oceanic climates are less prone to temperature extremes than subarctic climates or continental climates, featuring ... "Latitude & Climate Zones". The Environmental Literacy Council. Retrieved 15 July 2017. "Patterns of Climate". Weather-climate. ... tundra and ice cap climate). Areas with subpolar oceanic climates feature an oceanic climate but are usually located closer to ... and altitude also shape temperate climates. The Köppen climate classification defines a climate as "temperate" C, when the mean ...
... in sociology Organisation climate Political climate, in politics Climates (band), a British melodic hardcore band formed in ... Climate refers to the weather of a region according to periodic norms. Climate may also refer to: Clime, a notion of dividing ... corresponding to each clime Climates (film), a 2006 film by Turkish filmmaker Nuri Bilge Ceylan Social climate, ... Look up climate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... based on their inclination or latitude a tympan or climate, an ...
Business action on climate change Climate change adaptation Climate change mitigation Climate finance Climate movement - ... "More climate action" is a central demand of the climate movement. Climate inaction is the absence of climate action. Examples ... actions by non-governmental organizations Individual action on climate change Politics of climate change Effects of climate ... Climate action (or climate change action) refers to a range of activities, mechanisms, policy instruments and so forth that aim ...
... is a climate with an excess of moisture. In the Köppen climate classification system, it is marked with middle ... though humid subtropical climates bordering tropical monsoon or tropical wet and dry climates have a dry season. It may refer ... a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters Equatorial or tropical rainforest climate. ( ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Humid climate. If an internal link led you here, you may wish ...
Climate change, Climate communication, Climate change policy, Climate change mitigation, 2010s neologisms, 2020s neologisms). ... climate change, a term that Gore renamed to climate crisis "Climate Change: The Facts". Australian Broadcasting Corporation ( ... "Climate crisis and climate emergency are OK in some cases as synonyms for 'climate change'. But they're not always the best ... Climate change and its effects are sometimes described in terms similar to climate crisis, such as: "climate catastrophe" (used ...
... may refer to: Polar climate Ice cap climate Tundra climate Alpine climate Subarctic climate Continental climate ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cold climate. If an internal link led you here, you may wish ...
Polar climate Köppen climate classification [Tundra climate] The Editors of ... The tundra climate is a polar climate sub-type located in high latitudes and high mountains. It is classified as ET according ... It is a climate which at least one month has an average temperature high enough to melt snow (0 °C (32 °F)), but no month with ... There also exists an oceanic variety of the tundra climate with cool to mild winters (the coldest month averaging around 0°C) ...
The study of urban climate is urban climatology. In 1950 Åke Sundborg published one of the first theories on the climate of ... The climate in urban areas differs from that in neighboring rural areas, as a result of urban development. Urbanization greatly ... Expansion of these urban areas can lead to higher surface and air temperatures contributing to urban climate. Because cities ... Akbari, Hashem; Jandaghian, Zahra (June 2018). "The Effect of Increasing Surface Albedo on Urban Climate and Air Quality: A ...
"Space Climate Observatory Homepage". SCO. Retrieved 29 December 2018. "Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate - homepage". ... Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (JSWSC) United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs' Space and Climate Change ... Another recent space observatory platform is the Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE). Space climate research has ... climate, and other related systems. The scientific study of space climate is an interdisciplinary field of space physics, solar ...
"Climate TRACE to track real-time global carbon emissions". Yale Climate Connections. August 17, 2020. Archived from the ... Vice President Al Gore Climate change portal Glossary of climate change Gore, Al (December 12, 2020). "Opinion , Al Gore: Where ... "Al Gore's Climate TRACE tracking group finds vast undercounts of emissions". Axios. Archived from the original on 2021-09-27. ... "Home". Climate Trace. Archived from the original on July 8, 2021. Retrieved July 10, 2021. (Articles with short description, ...
A climate target, climate goal or climate pledge is a measurable commitment for climate policy and energy policy with the aim ... Many climate targets are implemented in national climate legislation. An emissions target or greenhouse gas emissions reduction ... Global warming Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change United Nations Climate Change conference Nationally Determined ... "Home , Climate Action Tracker". Retrieved 2021-04-28. "Paris Agreement, FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1" (PDF ...
To implement effective and comprehensive climate action in accordance with Climate Alliance principles. To promote climate ... Climate Alliance advises cities and municipalities on the implementation of climate protection strategies and develops ... The European Secretariat of Climate Alliance is based in Frankfurt am Main, Germany and in Brussels, Belgium. Climate Alliance ... Climate change policy, All stub articles, Climate change stubs). ... Climate Alliance is a European network of cities, towns and ...
Temperate climate Humid temperate climate Subhumid temperate climate Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification Tom L ... An oceanic climate, also known as a marine climate, is the humid temperate climate sub-type in Köppen classification Cfb, ... Temperate oceanic climates, also known as "marine mild winter" climates or simply oceanic climates, are found either at middle ... Subpolar oceanic climates are less prone to temperature extremes than subarctic climates or continental climates, featuring ...
... is the classroom environment, the social climate, the emotional and the physical aspects of the classroom. ... It is two-fold: one separates knowledge from the social climate. Classroom climate is not associated with learning. The ... Emotional climate Leadership climate Bierman, Karen L. (September-October 2011). "The promise and potential of studying the " ... "Classroom Climate". Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning. The Trustees of Indiana University. Archived from the original ...
Classroom climate Leadership climate Emotions Rivera, Joseph De (1992). "Emotional climate: Social structure and emotional ... Emotional climates reflect the way most members of a community feel in a given situation. The concept of emotional climate was ... Emotional climate is a concept that quantifies the "climate" of a community, being a small group, a classroom, an organization ... Emotional climates are often labeled by using names of emotions, such as joy, anger, and fear. However they can also be labeled ...
... the UN Climate Change Secretariat NGOs Climate and Development Knowledge Network Climate Council Climate crisis Climate ... "What is Climate Literacy? ,". Retrieved 2020-04-16. "The Essential Principles of Climate Literacy , NOAA Climate ... Research centers in climate communication include: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication Center for Climate Change ... Various scientists, politicians and media now use the terms climate crisis or climate emergency to talk about climate change, ...
... is the phenomenon by which climate systems show resistance or slowness to changes in significant factors, such ... The observed transient climate sensitivity and the equilibrium climate sensitivity are proportional to the thermal inertia time ... The inertia of the climate system, which will cause climate change to continue for a period after mitigation actions are ... Thus, Earth's equilibrium climate sensitivity adjusts over time until a new steady state equilibrium has been reached. Even ...
Project Drawdown is a climate change mitigation project initiated by Paul Hawken and climate activist Amanda Joy Ravenhill. The ... Climate drawdown refers to the future point in time when levels of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere stop ... "Climate Solutions 101 presented by @ProjectDrawdown". Project Drawdown. 2020-12-22. Retrieved 2021-12-17. Book Passage (w/o ... Project Drawdown uses different scenarios to assess what different changes to global climate efforts might look like. Scenario ...
The following articles relate to the topic climate registry The California Climate Action Registry The Climate Registry in ... North America This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Climate registry. If an internal link led you ...
The Climate Dress was presented at the Cop 15 Climate Summit in Copenhagen in 2009, at the "Health Environment Climate" ... The Climate Dress is laced with hundreds of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that responds to the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in ... The Climate Dress does not rely on wiring, soldering, or crimping, which is often the case with smart textile products. All ... In 2011 the Climate Dress won first prize in the Design That Performs contest, hosted by Samsung. List of individual dresses ...
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media. It covers all aspects of ... reviews and papers emphasizing an integrated view of the physical and biogeochemical processes governing climate and climate ... and land surface as interacting components of the dynamics of global climate. The journal also publishes ... International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Palisades, NY) "Journals Ranked by Impact: Meteorology & Atmospheric ...
Action for Climate Empowerment Climate justice Climate Justice Action Climate Justice Now! Climate reparations Deliberative ... Climate ethics is an area of research that focuses on the ethical dimensions of climate change (also known as global warming), ... Climate, Ethics and Equity[permanent dead link] Climate Ethics class at the University of Colorado ... Facts about climate change and fundamental human rights provide the starting point for climate ethics. ...
... may refer to: The 2014 UN Climate Summit held in New York on 23 September 2014 The 2019 UN Climate Action Summit ... held in New York on 23 September 2019 This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Climate Summit. If an ...
A climate appraisal is a unique, location-based report for a specific property on climate change (from global warming) and ... Climate Appraisal Services was reviewed in 2007 by USA Today in an article entitled "Website checks your home's climate change ... Information in a climate appraisal report enables property owners and/or buyers to assess for themselves how climate change ... University of Arizona partners with Climate Appraisal Services Nature, Climate information helps homeowners make choices USA ...
IPCC at the Bonn Climate Conference. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is taking part in the Bonn Climate ... SAR Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. July 1995. ... The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body ... The IPCC Working Group I (WGI) aims at assessing the physical scientific basis of the climate system and climate change. ...
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts ... Global climate finance flows increased by 17 per cent in the ... Total climate finance reported by States parties included in annex I to the Framework Convention on Climate Change continues to ... Mitigating climate change and its impacts will require building on the momentum achieved by the Paris Agreement on Climate ... climate-resilient transition. Moreover, investments in climate activities tracked across sectors were still surpassed by those ...
Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human health and disease in numerous ... Climate-Ready States & Cities Initiativeplus icon*Climate and Health Adaptation in Action ... For more information on the health effects of climate change, visit the Third National Climate Assessments Health Chapter ... Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human health and disease in numerous ...
Climate Change Jobs. Conservation Jobs. Ecology Jobs. EHS Jobs. Energy Efficiency Jobs. Environmental Jobs. Farming Jobs. ... Full-Time Climate and Sustainability Practice Lead USC Dornsife Public Exchange - Posted by Public Exchange - Los Angeles, ... Job Categories: Climate Change. Job Types: Full-Time. Salaries: 100,000 and above. Job expires in 16 days. ... Our team seeks a dynamic leader to head up our new Climate and Sustainability practice as its first Practice Lead. The Practice ...
... will bring together people from all walks to life to discuss how the UK can reduce greenhouse gas emissions ... Climate Assembly UK. The UK is committed to reaching net zero greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2050. Climate Assembly UK ... Climate change and net zero. In June 2019, the UK Government and Parliament agreed that the UK should do more to tackle climate ... The content on Climate Assembly UK is licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. ...
The 26th UN Climate Change Conference will take place in November 2021, at the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow. ... climate change.. The UK hosted the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on 31 October - 13 ... At #COP27, climate activist @AmponsemJoshua spoke to us about the importance of driving youth-led climate solutions and ... The UKs lead climate negotiator @archieyounguk discusses progress of the negotiations at #COP27 Watch the full interview on ...
The Case for Climate Reparations. The worlds poorest will bear the worst consequences of the climate crisis. Redirecting ... Climate reparations provide a way through the climate crisis without doubling down on these dismal precedents. The term ... Europes top climate negotiator says the global climate summit was a disappointment: The pledges made were simply not aggressiv ... Climate colonialism is like climate apartheid on an international scale. Economic power, location, and access to resources ...
COVID-19 and Climate Change Threats Compound in Minority Communities. Port Arthur, Tex., is a case in point: disproportionately ... This story originally appeared in InsideClimate News and is republished here as part of Covering Climate Now, a global ... Its now clear that the frontline communities most vulnerable to the effects of climate change are the same communities most at ... U.S. Embassies Face Growing Risk from Climate Change, Government Watchdog Says. Daniel Cusick and E&E News ...
On climate and health. 1. Climate change is the single biggest health threat facing humanity. The impacts are already harming ... climate impacts could help prevent 250,000 additional climate-related deaths per year from 2030 to 2050, mainly from ... climate. But biodiversity loss is happening at an unprecedented rate, impacting human health worldwide and increasing the risk ... 8. The majority of countries identify health as a priority sector vulnerable to climate change. But a huge finance gap remains ...
Climate change becomes a nonpartisan issue, as it truly is because its based solely on science from the beginning ... Declaring a National Emergency on Climate Change * This calls for a national emergency because we have 11 years to avoid ... K-8 is the ideal age range for compulsory climate change education because: * Impressionability is high during that ... We are striking because our world leaders have yet to acknowledge, prioritize, or properly address our climate crisis. We are ...
Like climate breakdown itself, this is a fact to be reckoned with, a fact not just about "politicians", but about the polities ... Cop26 delivered no big climate deal. Nor, in truth, was there any reason to expect one. The drastic measures that might - at a ... When it comes to climate finance, the gap between what is needed and what is on the table is dizzying. The talk at the ... However, the risk is not that Cop26 opens the door to some gigantic neoliberal climate stitch-up, but instead that we remain ...
... Prediction. (Long range forecasts across the U.S.) Climate Variability. (Topics important to climate assessment and ... For the latest climate forecasts see the Climate Prediction Center (CPC) web page.. ... The map below is your portal to NWS Climate information. Select an area of interest and you will be directed to the local ...
... is dedicated to publishing the most significant research across the physical and social sciences on the ... impacts of global climate change and its implications for the economy, policy and the world at large. ... Climate change is a confounding factor that can affect agriculture and food security in many different ways. Climate-resilient ... 2021 North American heatwave amplified by climate change-driven nonlinear interactions * Growing polarization around climate ...
The impacts of climate change will worsen if the 1.5°C threshold is crossed, and will disproportionately affect countries, ... Responses to climate change and its impacts are informed by scientific assessment and knowledge to avoid adverse outcomes for ... Climate change is harming societies, the natural world and the services that healthy nature provides. Through our Nature 2030 ... Agriculture and soil biodiversity, Nature-based solutions for climate, Tourism and sport, Assessing ecosystems, Biodiversity ...
The first climate change refugees in Canada are about to be forced off of Lennox Island. *Lacy Cooke ... Impacts of climate change, like rising sea levels, will likely soon force people to abandon their land. Now the... ... Climate change could cause "humanitarian crisis of epic proportions," say military leaders. *Lacy Cooke ... Alaskan native community will vote to stay or relocate due to climate change. *Katie Medlock ...
... including climate change science, greenhouse gas emissions data, frequently asked questions, climate change impacts and ... EPA on issues of climate change, global warming, ... Common Climate Change Questions Do you know how climate change ... Climate Change Educational Resources Many interactive resources can help teachers and students learn about climate change. ... protect public health and the environment and restore science to tackle the climate crisis, and rejoin the Paris Climate ...
Analyses of the international climate change regime consider the challenges of maintaining current structures and the ... The current international climate change regime has a long history, and it is likely that its evolution will continue, despite ... Global Climate Policy Actors, Concepts, and Enduring Challenges. Edited by Urs Luterbacher and Detlef F. Sprinz ... This volume offers an original contribution to the study of the international political context of climate change over the last ...
This page is produced with the support of Managing Climate Variability - a consortium of primary industry research and ...
Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Extended Range/Monthly Outlooks. How do I interpret these forecast maps? ... Climate Prediction Center. National Hurricane Center. Storm Prediction Center. Weather Prediction Center. ... Up- to-date, official and certified climate data can be obtained from the National Climatic Data Center. ... Where can I find additional climate information? El Nino? div.img { margin: 2px; border: 1px solid #0000ff; height: auto; width ...
Prince Harry: How Can Anyone Deny Climate Change?. Prince Harry took aim at climate-change deniers during a visit to ... Scientists Declare A Climate Emergency, Warn Of Untold Human Suffering. "Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn ... Students Kick Off Global Climate Strike. From Bangkok to Kolkata, thousands of students took to the streets on Friday to kick ... The Best Signs From The Climate Change Rallies Around The World. Activists are getting their messages across with some funny, ...
Technology will play a key role in fighting climate change and its impacts. ... 5G and climate. 5G and climate. 5G is natively greener than previous generations of mobile technology and can potentially ... Combating climate change Technology will play a key role in fighting climate change and its impacts. ... including new supply chain climate targets as part of our 1.5°C climate commitment. We have agreed with our key final assembly ...
Analyze climate data from global studies and indices by specific location or region. Analyze greenhouse gas and oceanic data. ... Climate. Explore current and historical climates of locations across the globe.. Analyze global climate data:. global climate ... Analyze the climate for a specific location:. climate Hannover. Analyze data for a specified region:. climate studies Northern ... term trends of climate change. Investigate climate indices, particular climate studies and global warming trends across the ...
The Playbook for Climate Action showcases five innovative pathways for reducing emissions and climate impacts. A comprehensive ... The Playbook for Climate Finance We cant tackle climate change through UN COP27 without more funding-here are 5 ways to get it ... The Playbook for Climate Action showcases five innovative pathways for reducing emissions and climate impacts. A comprehensive ... Playbook for Climate Action Pathways for countries and businesses to help address climate change today ...
See the latest Climate Change stories from Popular Science. See news, trends, tips, reviews and more at Popular Science. ... Environment › Climate Change Climate Change As greenhouse gas emissions rise, so does the intensity and weirdness of our ... Latest Climate Change Stories Computer Models Show What Exactly Would Happen To Earth After A Nuclear War. By Francie Diep / ... Attention, Supervillains and Climate Engineers: The U.N. May Soon Forbid You To Block Out the Sun. By Clay Dillow / Oct 19, ...
Climate Communication Prize is given annually to a scientist who have worked to increase awareness and understanding of climate ... Climate change is not just an "environmental" issue; it is foremost a massive problem for human society. A stable climate is a ... How many climate scientists would speak out about the reality and causes of climate changes happening right now? How many would ... Our knowledge on climate and energy, used wisely, really can bring more good to more people. Climate communicators have an ...
Investigating the impacts of climate change and variability on Earth and human systems; including water resources, agriculture ... Climate impacts Investigating the impacts of climate change and variability on Earth and human systems; including water ... Weather & climate Everything you need to know about the forecast, and making the most of the weather. ... the group addresses the increasing requirements for more detailed climate impact information that is necessary to underpin both ...
... the World Bank Group commissioned the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics to look at the likely ... To better understand the risks of climate change to development, ... Infographic: What Climate Change Means for Africa and Asia. * ... Climate change impacts on agriculture and livelihoods can increase the number of climate refugees. ... the World Bank Group commissioned the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics to look at the likely ...
... climate hero James Hansen actually predict back in 1986? ... Climate Sensitivity Climate Change Prediction Fail?. What did ... Climate SensitivityTemperature TrendsComputer modelingPredictionsIPCCCarbon DioxideGreenhouse gasesScience PolicyScienceClimate ... Why would you actually WANT the climate to stop changing?. What would this world look like if the climate ever did stop ... But when you relabel Global Warming to Climate Change, then theres no phrase for climate changes before mankind started ...
As Climate Change Minister Sherry Rahman has noted, although Pakistan produces only one per cent of greenhouse gases which ... The government, while asking for climate justice from the world, must also look at climate justice within - instead of ... As Climate Change Minister Sherry Rahman has noted, although Pakistan produces only one per cent of greenhouse gases which ... As Climate Change Minister Sherry Rahman has noted, although Pakistan produces only one per cent of greenhouse gases which ...
A new interactive tool provides comprehensive data on American public attitudes toward climate change between 1997 and 2020. ... Climate Insights 2020: Climate Opinions Unchanged by Pandemic, but Increasingly Entrenched. Climate Insights 2020: Climate ... RFFs Climate Insights data tool examines American public opinion on issues related to climate change-beliefs about existence ... Seminar: Public Attitudes about Climate Change and Clean Energy. *Seminar: Climate Change and Clean Energy-A Survey of US ...
  • The increases in heatwaves, droughts and floods caused by climate change are destroying the planet and affecting billions of lives worldwide. (
  • Margareta Wahlstrom, the United Nations' head of disaster risk, has warned that flooding caused by climate change. (
  • Preparing for the Regional Health Impacts of Climate Change in the United States. (
  • As the climate crisis intensifies, social divisions will arise within countries and communities between those who can pay to avoid the worst impacts of climate change and those who cannot-a system of climate apartheid . (
  • Through our Nature 2030 Programme, IUCN will continue to monitor the impacts of climate change, and guide the conservation and restoration of ecosystems to help mitigate it. (
  • The impacts of climate change will worsen if the 1.5°C threshold is crossed, and will disproportionately affect countries, communities and peoples that are least able to adapt. (
  • Countries use Nature-based Solutions to scale up effective adaptation to the impacts of climate change. (
  • Impacts of climate change, like rising sea levels, will likely soon force people to abandon their land. (
  • We're also learning more about the economic impacts of climate change and our government's decision to continue propping up the destructive fossil fuel industry. (
  • They will present two example analyses -- the impacts of climate variability on the design of such strategies and the choice of policy instruments in the presence of the potential for significant technology innovation. (
  • As well as demonstrating the impacts of climate change, universities also have a responsibility to understand how certain behaviours have developed and how they might be adapted in the future. (
  • The importance of a collaborative approach towards having a regional and national institutional mechanism for mitigating the impacts of climate change has been stressed upon by the WHO. (
  • She reiterated her full support and commitment in supporting SIDS countries in mitigating the impacts of climate change. (
  • President Obama is committed to combating the health impacts of climate change and protecting the health of future generations. (
  • Adaptation in Action Report highlighting successful actions state and local leaders are taking to reduce the health impacts of climate change in New York City, San Francisco, Maine, Minnesota, Arizona, Michigan, California and New York. (
  • The Administration is expanding its Climate Data Initiative to include more than 150 health-relevant datasets, challenging innovators to use them to better inform scientists and communities about how to identify, minimize and prevent the health impacts of climate change. (
  • Today, private-sector leaders across the country are committing to leverage these data sets to generate tools, apps, and insights to help communities and businesses reduce the health impacts of climate change. (
  • The Administration is announcing a coalition of Deans from 30 medical, public health, and nursing schools around the country, who are committing to ensure that the next generation of health professionals is trained to address the health impacts of climate change. (
  • The interagency U.S. Global Change Research Program is releasing a draft Climate and Health Assessment report synthesizing the best available scientific literature on the observed and projected impacts of climate change on human health in the United States. (
  • Air pollution, contaminated water, inadequate sanitation including solid waste management, risks related to certain hazardous chemicals, and negative impacts of climate change are the most pressing environmental public health threats in the Region. (
  • Learn how the World Bank works with its development partners amid a growing urgency to tackle the climate crisis. (
  • Deep knowledge of the climate crisis, key players across sectors, and the frontiers of existing knowledge and technology to address it. (
  • The world's poorest will bear the worst consequences of the climate crisis. (
  • Over the next 30 years, the climate crisis will displace more than 140 million people within their own countries-and many more beyond them. (
  • We are striking because our world leaders have yet to acknowledge, prioritize, or properly address our climate crisis. (
  • We are striking because if the social order is disrupted by our refusal to attend school, then the system is forced to face the climate crisis and enact change. (
  • Additionally, we believe the climate crisis should be declared a national emergency because we are running out of time. (
  • At this point those promising trillions in private funding to fight the climate crisis reveal themselves to be the true utopians, just utopians of a neoliberal variety. (
  • The Biden-Harris administration has taken executive actions to tackle the climate crisis at home and abroad , protect public health and the environment and restore science to tackle the climate crisis , and rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement . (
  • The protesters demanded that governments take action against climate crisis. (
  • As Climate Change Minister Sherry Rahman has noted, although Pakistan produces only one per cent of greenhouse gases which cause global warming and according to Planning Minister Ahsan Iqbal are chiefly responsible for the devastating floods in the country, there is too little help from countries which do produce far more greenhouse gases to deal with the crisis. (
  • Because the climate crisis is a global, cross-border challenge that affects areas and regions differently, tackling it requires international coordination and cooperation. (
  • The climate crisis is not some far-off future. (
  • Most importantly, it shows us how we can prevent the worst of the climate crisis. (
  • Years of scientific investigations have given us a clear understanding of how the climate crisis is affecting our families and the planet. (
  • As nations converge at COP 27 in Egypt, a climate-driven crisis unfolds in Nigeria and across Africa. (
  • In an uncompetitive field, the U.K. boasts both a reasonable record and plans for tackling the climate crisis. (
  • With hurricanes intensifying around the world, resilient design is becoming more and more important as the climate crisis worsens. (
  • The Climate Education Coalition's mission is to work collaboratively in preparing future and current generations to face the consequences of the climate crisis while also bringing together responsible solutions to reverse climate change. (
  • The Coalition, a group of over 100 organizations and individuals around the globe, has published an open letter demanding cooperation and collaborative action to establish quality education for children, youth, and adults to combat the climate crisis. (
  • Students hope the action will draw attention to the destruction currently being caused by the climate crisis, and link between current the current profiting from fossil fuels and the colleges' past histories of colonial exploitation. (
  • It's unjustifiable that our wealthiest education institutions continue to profit from the exploitation of the most marginalised - those who are being affected most by the climate crisis. (
  • Clicking the button won't solve the climate crisis. (
  • Across the world, fossil fuel companies face a wave of new lawsuits for their role in the climate crisis. (
  • The authors, Eduardo Viola and Matías Franchini expertly review and answer the most common and widely cited questions on whether and in which way Brazil is aggravating or mitigating the climate crisis, including: Is it the benign, cooperative, environmental power that the Brazilian government claims it is? (
  • it would allow for a way out of the climate catastrophe by tackling both mitigation and migration. (
  • Climate-resilient food systems are needed to ensure food security and to support mitigation efforts. (
  • Countries scale up Nature-based Solutions to reach climate mitigation targets. (
  • and the challenges of climate change mitigation after the Paris Agreement. (
  • Using the output from these models, in addition to more complex Earth System Models, the group addresses the increasing requirements for more detailed climate impact information that is necessary to underpin both adaptation planning and mitigation advice. (
  • Monitoring SDG 13 in an EU context focuses on climate mitigation, climate impacts and initiatives that support climate action. (
  • Trends in climate mitigation have been mixed, with progress on net greenhouse gas emissions and the share of renewable energies putting the EU on track towards its 2030 targets. (
  • More local and regional governments have signed up to the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy initiative for implementing mitigation and adaptation actions. (
  • Climate mitigation aims to reduce emissions of climate-harming greenhouse gases (GHG) that originate from human activity through measures such as promoting low-carbon technologies or encouraging sustainable forest management and land use that enhance carbon removals. (
  • Natural climate solutions, strategies that leverage the capacity of ecosystems to absorb and store carbon, have the potential to provide 20% of the nation's climate mitigation progress while also providing benefits to wildlife and communities. (
  • To that end, we focus on scaling climate mitigation through protection of intact ecosystems and priority habitats, ecosystem restoration and approaches to improved land management. (
  • The survey builds on a decade of cooperation between NASA, CARB and the California Energy Commission to support the state's ambitious climate change mitigation program, specifically on the study of air pollution impacts from the oil and gas sector. (
  • In a time of broken global temperature records, increasing disasters due to flooding, drought, and sea level rise, emerging U.S. and international law and policy will be key to governing mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. (
  • IPCC Working Group I Summary for Policymakers in the UN Official Languages - GENEVA, Nov 16 - The Summary for Policymakers of Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis, the Working Group I contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report, is now available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish. (
  • The UK hosted the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on 31 October - 13 November 2021. (
  • The 2022 Teach-in builds on the April 2021 Solve Climate Global Dialogs-- over 100 university-hosted climate solutions webinars around the world . (
  • The agreement in April 2021 on the European Climate Law enshrines the EU's commitment to reaching climate neutrality by 2050 in EU law. (
  • Climate change has hit home around the world in 2021 with record heat waves , droughts , wildfires and extreme storms . (
  • 2021). Addressing climate change is essential to society, all healthcare professionals, and especially nurses on the frontlines of emergency response (Hastings, 2020). (
  • 2021). Nurse leaders have an opportunity to assess new approaches at partnering for disaster risk reduction and helping to prevent excess demand for emergency health services due to weather-related disasters exacerbated by climate change. (
  • In June 2019, the UK Government and Parliament agreed that the UK should do more to tackle climate change. (
  • Climate-fueled disasters cost the global economy $150 billion in 2019 alone. (
  • Between 2010 and 2019, the United States experienced 119 climate disasters that each caused damages of $1 billion or more. (
  • Statement by IPCC Chair Hoesung Lee during the Opening of UNFCCC COP27 - Sharm-El-Sheikh, Sunday 06 November 2022 CHECK AGAINST DELIVERY Excellencies, Distinguished Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen, As the Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - IPCC - I'm delighted and honoured to address you at the opening of COP27. (
  • IPCC named Co-laureate of the 2022 Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is honored to have been declared a co-laureate of the 2022 Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity, together with the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). (
  • By April 2022, 193 parties (192 countries plus the European Union) had communicated their first nationally determined contribution under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and 13 parties had submitted their second nationally determined contribution. (
  • On March 30, 2022, live and in-person, over 1,000 Colleges, Universities, High Schools and K-8 schools worldwide will engage over half a million people, in a one-day Teach-In on climate solutions and justice in the transition. (
  • They passed a law committing the UK to reaching 'net-zero' greenhouse gas emissions (which cause climate change) by 2050. (
  • Greenhouse gas emissions have risen over the past decade despite the current and future threat posed by climate change. (
  • When you conserve water , you help reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change. (
  • EPA tracks and reports greenhouse gas emissions, leverages sound science , and works to reduce emissions to combat climate change. (
  • In climate we have set our Science Based Target through which we aim to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 50% by 2030. (
  • Alpha provides data on the current world climate, the effects of greenhouse gases and the long‐term trends of climate change. (
  • As greenhouse gas emissions rise, so does the intensity and weirdness of our climate system. (
  • The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee held a hearing on June 10 and 11, 1986, to consider the problems of ozone depletion, the greenhouse effect, and climate change. (
  • As Climate Change Minister Sherry Rahman has noted, although Pakistan produces only one per cent of greenhouse gases which cause global warming and according to Planning Minister Ahsan Iqbal are. (
  • By 2050, the EU is committed to reaching a climate-neutral economy with no net greenhouse gas emissions. (
  • But if greenhouse gas emissions carry on unabated, climate models predict that in 2100 some 88 per cent of Americans will live in counties where the weather is less pleasant than in the recent past. (
  • A fundamental 'get real' moment came last autumn when the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that the world only has some 12 years left to make an impact on cutting greenhouse gas emissions before the effects of climate change become insidious and irreversible. (
  • One common way to think about a country's responsibility for climate change is to look at its greenhouse gas emissions per capita, or per person. (
  • Looking at current emissions alone misses another important aspect of climate injustice: Greenhouse gas emissions accumulate over time. (
  • Over the last 50 years, human activities - particularly the burning of fossil fuels - have released sufficient quantities of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to trap additional heat in the lower atmosphere and affect the global climate. (
  • The 2020 iteration of the Climate Insights survey polled 999 American adults during the 80-day period from May 28, 2020 to August 16, 2020. (
  • In January, 2020, Johnson's first choice to be president of the Glasgow talks, a former climate-change minister named Claire O'Neill, was fired. (
  • The International Council of Nurses recognized climate change as one of the world's greatest threats (Catton, 2020). (
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. (
  • RFF's Climate Insights data tool examines American public opinion on issues related to climate change-beliefs about existence and threat, as well as public support for government action and specific policy preferences. (
  • What follows is the commentary of the CES, offering insight into how decision-makers should and can approach policy related to climate change. (
  • The Breath-taking Effects of Climate Change Pollen storms, air pollution, flooding, and other phenomena related to climate change are taxing pulmonary care specialists as never before. (
  • The Practice Lead will guide a growing team of project managers to develop and execute projects that address the many challenges posed by climate change. (
  • As the challenges posed by climate change grow in urgency, the power that massive developing countries like China, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Myanmar can leverage to effect change cannot be overstated. (
  • This page is produced with the support of Managing Climate Variability - a consortium of primary industry research and development corporations. (
  • During the conference, the participants focused on climate change and health, with a vision that by 2030 all health systems in SIDS will be resilient to climate variability and change. (
  • Beginning on April 6th, we will hear from climate solutions experts in Hungary, South Africa, and Kyrgyzstan, as well as Florida, New Mexico and Minnesota-- 100 sites worldwide-- about ambitious but feasible actions that could happen soon in their state to spur a just, Green Recovery, get the world on track to solving climate by 2030. (
  • Avoiding the worst climate impacts could help prevent 250,000 additional climate-related deaths per year from 2030 to 2050, mainly from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress. (
  • On its way to achieving climate neutrality, the EU has committed itself to reducing net GHG emissions by at least 55 % by 2030 compared with 1990 levels. (
  • Our commitment is to be climate positive by 2030. (
  • Since then multiple governments and local authorities have declared a climate emergency and specifically, the need to set a target of net zero emissions by 2030 - or at the latest 2050 - if limiting global heating to 1.5 degrees C is to be achieved. (
  • Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress. (
  • Based on current national commitments, global emissions are set to increase by almost 14 per cent over the current decade, which could lead to a climate catastrophe unless Governments, the private sector and civil society work together to take immediate action. (
  • The first UK-wide citizens' assembly on climate change publishes its final report today, setting out a clear, internally consistent and timely path for how the UK can reach its legally binding target of net zero emissions by 2050. (
  • The Playbook for Climate Action showcases five innovative pathways for reducing emissions and climate impacts. (
  • We can't tackle climate change without transforming our energy systems-but it's just as urgent to harness the power of natural landscapes that can both reduce climate impacts and mitigate further carbon emissions. (
  • The G20 states emit around three-quarters of global CO 2 emissions and therefore play a significant role in the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change. (
  • To help reduce methane's impact on climate, the state has made cutting human-caused emissions a priority. (
  • Is Capturing and Storing CO2 Emissions a Viable Climate Solution? (
  • But there is always more to do, which is why we have now committed to a net zero emissions target (scope 1 and 2) by 2025, five years earlier than both we had originally planned and as set out in the international climate emergency declaration. (
  • To reduce climate change and protect those who are most vulnerable, it's important to understand where emissions come from, who climate change is harming and how both of these patterns intersect with other forms of injustice. (
  • Understanding where emissions come from is only part of the climate justice dilemma. (
  • IPCC circulates final draft of Synthesis Report to Sixth Assessment Report - GENEVA, Nov 25 - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has circulated the final draft of the Summary for Policymakers and a longer report of the Synthesis Report of the Sixth Assessment Report to governments for review and comments. (
  • Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. 941-954. (
  • Two years ago, Christian Aid issued a report on the same subject in which it predicted that 1 billion people might be displaced by climate change by 2050. (
  • The world's top climate scientists have told us we have a ten-year window to make rapid reductions in the carbon pollution causing global warming in order to hold the warming to the low end of under 3 degrees F. If we don't, we will severely destabilize the global climate, leading to extreme weather, droughts, floods and sea-level rise that will be increasingly hard for humans to manage. (
  • The scientific problem is that in attempting to reconstruct temperatures in the past, climate scientists are often faced with the problem that there were no humans standing around holding thermometers and writing down temperatures. (
  • It's exactly the kind of thing that climate scientists feast on. (
  • Such problems are discussed and debated every day by climate scientists (and every other kind of scientist. (
  • Successful candidates work in a climate science field and have had significant impact communicating about climate science with the general public and other non-scientists. (
  • When the Washington Post ran an article this week marking the 30th anniversary of those hearings, it found the old testimony "eerily familiar" to what climate scientists are saying today. (
  • Scientists have known for years that warming global climate is melting the Greenland Ice Sheet, the second largest ice sheet in the world. (
  • Since scientists first started tracking climate in the late 19th century, only a handful of AMO cycles have been recorded, making it extremely difficult to identify reliable patterns. (
  • To complicate things even more, the WHOI scientists needed to tease out how much of the melting effect is caused by human-related climate change, and how much can be attributed to the AMO and NAO. (
  • Scientists predict that climate change will have devastating effects on freshwater and marine environments. (
  • Biden also pointed to other natural disasters that scientists have attributed to climate change, including forceful hurricanes on the Gulf Coast and widespread flooding across the Midwest. (
  • Anna Olerinyova, a PhD student in Chemistry at St. John's who is participating in the occupation, said: 'The message from scientists is clear: to stop run-away climate change, we must leave fossil fuels in the ground. (
  • Sponsored by the Union of Concerned Scientists in partnership with Columbia University's Earth Institute, the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law at Columbia Law School, and the Climate Science Legal Defense Fund, the webinar offers scientific and legal perspectives on recent advances in science that have centered courtrooms and human rights commissions as key venues for climate action. (
  • In all five cases, "human-caused climate change-primarily through the burning of fossil fuels-was found to have clearly increased the severity and likelihood of those events," the scientists wrote. (
  • We were trying to understand something that's puzzled a lot of Americans and people engaged in climate research," says Mullin, an associate professor of environmental politics at Duke University, North Carolina, "which is why Americans' belief in climate change and concern about climate change lags so far behind that of scientists, and also somewhat far behind people in many other countries. (
  • While a small minority of scientists and other skeptics still debate the ' truthiness ' of global warming, an overall consensus remains: Thanks to human-caused climate change , the planet is heating at a rate not seen in the last 800,000 years , at least. (
  • Scientists on the New York City Panel on Climate Change, or NPCC, had warned elected officials since 2008 that global warming and its accompanying sea level rise presented heightened risks to a city with 251 miles of densely populated shoreline. (
  • In addition, as vice chair of the Marine Working Group of the International Arctic Science Committee, she meets with colleagues as part of the Arctic Science Summit to share data and information that deepens the collective understanding of climate change impacts on the polar region. (
  • Biden's Inflation Reduction Act came decades too late to stop climate change impacts this century. (
  • Climate activist @AmponsemJoshua spoke to us at #COP27 about the urgent need to take real, tangible #ClimateAction, and the importance of involving youth in our solutions. (
  • We can't tackle climate change through UN COP27 without more funding-here are 5 ways to get it. (
  • DeserTech's launch was hosted by the Senegal pavilion at the UN COP27 climate summit in Egypt before an audience that included environment ministers from Mali and Mauritania and a member of the Chadian parliament. (
  • That is the central conclusion of In Search of Shelter: Mapping the Effects of Climate Change on Human Migration , a collaborative study in which the relief organization Care International played a leading role. (
  • The EU has taken a leading role in international climate negotiations, pursuing the Paris Agreement goals and supporting climate initiatives around the world. (
  • Students in this specialization also have the opportunity to participate in international climate negotiations through the Vermont Law School Observer Delegation​ , which has participated in UNFCCC Conference of the Party discussions since COP15 in 2010. (
  • I study the justice dilemmas presented by climate change and climate policies, and have been involved in international climate negotiations as an observer since 2009. (
  • For more information about how climate change disproportionately affects some communities, visit CDC's webpage on justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion (JEDI) in climate adaptation planning . (
  • Nature Climate Change is searching for a new member of our editorial team, offering a full-time position with a focus on social sciences, adaptation, geography and environmental studies. (
  • A world that limits temperature rise to 1.5°C through ambitious measures to mitigate climate change and enables effective adaptation in a changing world. (
  • Moreover, the EU works to enhance the adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce the vulnerability to climate change of its Member States and the EU as a whole with its Climate Adaptation Strategy . (
  • And, of course, adaptation to reduce vulnerability to future climates has many synergies with the goals of sustainable development - ensuring food and water security, reducing disaster risks, maintaining healthy ecosystems, improving people's health and reducing poverty and inequality. (
  • These data can be used to document changes over place and time, monitor vulnerable areas, and evaluate the results of local climate-adaptation strategies. (
  • The COP26 summit brought parties together to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. (
  • The current international climate change regime has a long history, and it is likely that its evolution will continue, despite such recent setbacks as the decision by President Donald Trump to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement of 2015. (
  • Despite overwhelming evidence that climate breakdown is already in progress, and the global consensus that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement, action from governments and corporations still lags far behind what's necessary to keep the planet below a 2℃ threshold of warming, and nowhere near what's required to stay below the 1.5℃ target that many developing nations believe is needed for their very survival. (
  • The aim of the group is to promote dialogue on and enhance understanding of politically important technical issues in the international climate change negotiations and for the implementation of the Paris Agreement. (
  • The Paris Agreement, a global climate protection accord adopted at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP 21 , entered into force on November 4, 2016. (
  • The Alliance of CEO Climate Leaders calls for more corporate engagement to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement. (
  • We, the youth of America, are striking because decades of inaction has left us with just 11 years to change the trajectory of the worst effects of climate change, according to the Oct 2018 UN IPCC Report. (
  • During the Argentinian presidency of the G20/B20 process in 2018, BASF co-chaired the task force on Energy, Climate & Resource Efficiency and Sustainability and advocated intensively for ambitious global climate action in this context. (
  • The climate colonialism alternative, on the other hand, would mean the survival of the wealthiest and devastation for the world's most vulnerable people. (
  • Britain has some of the world's leading climate-change researchers, activists, and oddball thinkers. (
  • Digitalization and solutions to fight climate change must go hand-in-hand. (
  • The energy choices we make today could make or break our ability to fight climate change. (
  • With our futures at stake, we call for radical legislative action to combat climate change and its countless detrimental effects on the American people. (
  • Our faculty researchers are involved in multiple research projects, initiatives, and programs to combat climate change, most of it funded through Clark's George Perkins Marsh Institute. (
  • Detlef F. Sprinz is Professor at Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and the University of Potsdam. (
  • To better understand the risks of climate change to development, the World Bank Group commissioned the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics to look at the likely impacts of temperature increases from 2ºC to 4ºC in three regions. (
  • In the past year, Public Exchange has led a range of exciting projects to address challenges in public health, climate change, and sustainability with partners including the City and County of Los Angeles, the United Nations Foundation and Santa Clarita Valley Water Agency. (
  • Our team seeks a dynamic leader to head up our new Climate and Sustainability practice as its first Practice Lead . (
  • Experience working with or within for-profit companies on climate/sustainability solutions is essential. (
  • Working with the ED and the DSO, maintain relationships with foundations and other funders in the climate and sustainability space. (
  • Monitor new USC faculty research in climate and sustainability, and continually identify opportunities to match USC experts with emerging needs in the public and private sectors. (
  • However, the war in Ukraine threatens to become the cause of a huge setback for concerted efforts to speed up climate action. (
  • Rising state and local action around climate solutions could open the road to "solve climate"-the energy side-over the next decade. (
  • The step from the scientific recognition of a climate emergency to societal agreement on radical action is still too great. (
  • The small Pacific Island nation of the Marshall Islands is demanding that the US take decisive action on climate. (
  • The government, while asking for climate justice from the world, must also look at climate justice within - instead of persecuting, supporting climate activists inside the country when they demand climate action. (
  • It only delays real climate action and puts our health and our kids' futures in peril. (
  • BASF is a member of the WBCSD and supports the „Climate Action and Policy" project to promote the development of effective global climate protection mechanisms by the interaction of business and political efforts. (
  • In an open letter published within the UN Global Compact-Accenture CEO study 'A call to climate action', Kurt Bock, CEO of BASF, stressed the importance of a reliable global emission reduction framework as a basis for innovation and investments in future low-carbon technologies. (
  • Carr draws upon experience at organizations like USAID and the World Bank to translate decades of academic research experience into climate action with impacts at a global scale. (
  • We're taking action to help shape a climate positive future. (
  • It has been organised by St. John's students, with the help of various climate action groups in Oxford including Oxford Climate Justice Campaign, Fossil Free Oxfordshire and Extinction Rebellion Oxford. (
  • It suggested that climate change would need to be very real to people before their levels of concern prompted personal action as well as demands for government and industry response. (
  • Climate education equips citizens with the essential knowledge and skills they will need to cope with climate change and take action in their communities. (
  • Nurses have a pivotal role in global climate action because nurses are the largest single healthcare profession, trusted, and close to patients who are most vulnerable to climate change (Butterfield et al. (
  • Report to the Regional Committee on the progress achieved in the implementation of the regional framework for action on climate change and health at its sixty-sixth and sixty-eighth sessions. (
  • Integrate the health and climate change policy action plan on health and climate change on health and climate change are and action plan into the national public health developed and integrated with the strategy and policy. (
  • It also aims to strengthen countries' resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related natural hazards and the resulting disasters, with a special focus on supporting least-developed countries. (
  • Tracking data may be used to inform decision-making and policies that can help local communities assess vulnerabilities, estimate the burden, and build overall resilience against the effects of a changing climate. (
  • Nurse leaders are encouraged to expand their collaborations in climate finance to promote resilience to disasters and prevent excess demand for emergency health services. (
  • President Donald Trump continued to deny the impact of climate change as he traveled to California on Monday for an update on devastating wildfires that have spread along the West Coast. (
  • We study the long-term impact of climate change on economic activity across countries, using a stochastic growth model where labour productivity is affected by country-specific climate variables-defined as deviations of temperature and precipitation from their historical norms. (
  • SciDev.Net (The Science and Development Network) published on September 10, 2009, a spotlight on the impact of climate change on the spread of insect-borne disease that considers how countries can prepare for these changes. (
  • A new report attributes heat waves around the world in 2013 to human-caused climate change, but finds the link between climate change and other extreme weather events-including the California drought-to be much less certain. (
  • They found the chances of observing such extreme temperatures in a world without anthropogenic [human-caused] climate change is almost impossible," explained Stott. (
  • The conversation surrounding human-caused climate change and its connection to natural disasters everywhere, including the devastating wildfires in Australia which began in September, is one that's long overdue. (
  • Moreover, some proposed solutions to mitigate climate change could themselves further damage biodiversity. (
  • Through the Environment Program, the foundation works to accelerate the use of natural climate solutions as an essential means to mitigate climate change and support rural economic development. (
  • That's why The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is committed to advancing a comprehensive suite of innovative, science-based solutions for optimizing the policy levers, financial tools, nature-based technologies, and smart development necessary to minimize temperature rise and climate-related impacts to communities. (
  • Later in his testimony, Hansen noted that his institute's climate models projected that "in the region of the United States, the warming 30 years from now is about 1 1/2 degrees C, which is about 3 F." It is not clear from his testimony if the baseline year for the projected increase in temperature is 1958 or 1986, so we'll calculate both. (
  • The pledge affirms the signatories' strong commitment to a safe and stable climate in which temperature rise is limited to under 2 degrees Celsius and their support to ensuring that the level of ambition set by the agreement is met or exceeded. (
  • View monthly Climate Summaries for more information , including temperature and precipitation totals and departures from normal for select cities, as well as drought and soil moisture conditions. (
  • While there is no shortage of predictions about temperature and rainfall over wide areas, few studies have looked at future climate trends through the lens of public perception. (
  • According to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology , "climate change is increasing bushfire risk in Australia by lengthening the fire season, decreasing precipitation and increasing temperature. (
  • Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for many years. (
  • The prescriptive zone is the range of climates in which man's body temperature is independent of climatic conditions. (
  • Climate change also increases the risk for natural disasters and flooding, which can increase the risk for mold to grow in people's homes. (
  • Climate and weather already exert strong influences on health: increased deaths in heat waves, and in natural disasters such as floods, as well as changing patterns of life-threatening vector-borne diseases such as malaria and other existing and emerging infectious diseases are observed. (
  • This discovery may force researchers to rethink the way they look at future climate change. (
  • Adapting the ways in which we live, including our infrastructures, to survive future climate is also essential. (
  • The team used data from the international ISIMIP project (Inter-sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project) to predict future climate changes. (
  • The ideal candidate will have experience developing policies, programs or products that address climate change in a non-profit, government or industry setting. (
  • Track record leading the development of policies, programs or projects that address climate change, with measurable results. (
  • An unwavering commitment to leveraging Public Exchange and USC's intellectual capital and resources to address climate change. (
  • Since 1997, Stanford University Professor Jon Krosnick has led surveys exploring American public opinion on issues related to global warming, human activity, government policies to address climate change, and more, through a series of rigorous national surveys of random samples of American adults. (
  • BASF is member of the UN Caring for Climate initiative, the largest global business movement to address climate change, endorsed by 400 companies from 60 countries. (
  • How Interventional Pulmonologists Can Address Climate Change. (
  • Through the Humanitarian Response and Development Lab (HURDL), Edward Carr leads work around policy development, program design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of African communities' efforts to adapt to climate change. (
  • Dr Joy St John, Assistant Director-General Climate and Other Determinants of Health in WHO Head Quarters, Geneva, Dr Magaran Bagayoko, delegated by Dr Moeti, Regional Director of the WHO Regional Office for Africa, and representatives from various international institutions, including United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Indian Ocean Commission participated in the conference. (
  • This paper analyses how organizational climate is concerned with stress levels among workers of a familiar commercial institution. (
  • The results showed high levels in perception of positive organizational climate values, but also in stress leveis. (
  • Safety and insecurity: Exploring the moderating effect of organizational safety climate. (
  • To analyze the correlation among organizational climate, job satisfaction and Burnout among nursing workers from the northern shore of São Paulo and to propose strategies to promote a favorable organizational climate as well as job satisfaction. (
  • Climate change will impact agriculture, and this study shows cropping frequency and caloric yield are negatively impacted on the global scale by warming. (
  • From Bangkok to Kolkata, thousands of students took to the streets on Friday to kick off the global climate strike. (
  • Investigate climate indices, particular climate studies and global warming trends across the world. (
  • To climate skeptics, the e-mails prove that global warming is a conspiracy theory. (
  • While Pakistan must do all it can to protect itself from the inevitable consequences of climate change, it must also team up with the rest of the developing world in demanding climate reparations from the Global North. (
  • Goal 13 seeks to implement the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change commitment to achieving a climate-neutral world by mid-century to limit global warming to well below 2°C - with an aim of 1.5°C - compared with pre-industrial times. (
  • Climate change has many widespread and irreversible effects, such as increased average global air and ocean temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, a rising global average sea level and increasing ocean acidity. (
  • The group holds two seminars per year ("Global Forums") which bring together government representatives, the private sector and civil society in order to share information on climate policies and issues. (
  • The APS statement on climate change had originally been adopted after the American Geophysical Union requested that APS sign on to their statement about global warming. (
  • Efficient climate protection requires global commitment. (
  • Clark experts play a leading role in shaping responses to climate and global change worldwide, with research and expertise that directly inform decisions on local to global stages. (
  • If global climate change continues at its current rate, the Greenland ice sheet may eventually melt entirely--but whether it meets this fate sooner rather than later could be determined by these two oscillations, says Caroline Ummenhofer, a climate scientist at WHOI and co-author on the study. (
  • BERLIN (AP) - The European Union's top climate official on Wednesday dismissed criticism from environmental groups over its proposal to incorporate carbon removal methods into its climate plans, insisting the plan won't undermine the bloc's efforts to tackle global warming. (
  • Trump has long denied that climate change is manmade and dismissed concerns about global warming. (
  • DeserTech - an Israeli platform for climate technologies that focus on dry and desert climates - on Thursday launched a program in partnership with the Global Mechanism of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and the 11 African nations leading the "Great Green Wall" initiative. (
  • We also thank Matthew Norris for help with constructing the global climate dataset. (
  • This book offers an assessment of Brazil's role in the global political economy of climate change. (
  • To protect health and avoid widening health inequities, countries must build climate-resilient health systems. (
  • The year after Sandy hit, then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg pledged $20 billion to make the city more resilient to the consequences of climate change. (
  • The climate connection to storms and droughts is less clear. (
  • Two sections of the report show an increasing risk of extreme precipitation events like floods or droughts, thanks to human-induced climate change. (
  • Reports of climate change and health effects document a consistent result - changing climate (more intense and more frequent heat waves, droughts, wildfires, hurricanes, etc.) is strongly associated with worse human health (Rocque et al. (
  • And while most Americans see climate change hitting their communities through extreme weather events - from more severe droughts and wildfires to more powerful hurricanes and record heat waves - there are other threats climate change poses to the American people. (
  • For more information on the health effects of climate change, visit the Third National Climate Assessment's Health Chapter external icon , Fourth National Climate Assessment's Health Chapter external icon , and the USGCRP Climate and Health Assessment external icon . (
  • Bangladesh is one of the countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change as rising sea levels increasingly inundate coastal land and raise the risk of devastation from severe storms. (
  • It's now clear that the frontline communities most vulnerable to the effects of climate change are the same communities most at risk of contracting and dying from Covid-19, said Sabrina McCormick, a professor of environmental and occupational health at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health. (
  • Featuring articles on the effects of climate change on agriculture and ecosystems as well as shifting shapes of deserts dunes. (
  • The day of protest precedes the United Nations summit on how to rein in the worst effects of climate change. (
  • The watershed is vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. (
  • Even with concerted efforts to curb climate change, it's clear we are already living through the effects of a warming world. (
  • a national effort to protect the public's health from the harmful effects of climate change. (
  • The hot and dry Sahel, which stretches from the Sahara Desert to the north and Savannah to the south, is not only one of the poorest and most violent regions in the world, but also one of the most exposed to the devastating effects of climate change - including drought, food shortages, conflicts over natural resources, and mass migration. (
  • We round up articles looking at impact and effects of climate change. (
  • Spurred by this development, the UFZ team investigated the effects of climate-induced deforestation on reservoir water quality in their model study. (
  • We first fed these data into a model in order to estimate the climate-related effects on the nutrient balance in the catchment area," explains Kong. (
  • Often, the people suffering most from the effects of climate change are those who have done the least to cause it. (
  • While all communities are vulnerable to health effects associated with climate change, not everyone is equally at risk. (
  • Dr St John addressed the representatives from the different SIDS countries at the opening of the conference and said that 'SIDS should speak in one strong voice to make them heard by the whole world as SIDS countries contribute little to climate change and yet, they suffer most of the adverse effects of climate change. (
  • The content on Climate Assembly UK is licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. (
  • Additional web content about climate change and environmental justice is currently under development. (
  • Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human health and disease in numerous ways. (
  • 1. Climate change is the single biggest health threat facing humanity. (
  • 7. Health systems are the main line of defence for populations faced with emerging health threats, including from climate change. (
  • 8. The majority of countries identify health as a priority sector vulnerable to climate change. (
  • Less than 2 per cent of multilateral climate finance goes to health projects. (
  • Do you know how climate change can impact people's health? (
  • Understanding and addressing climate change is critical to EPA's mission of protecting human health and the environment. (
  • Our daily reporting covers aspects of health, community, economy, international relations, and social justice relative to climate change. (
  • Check out the links above for information about all aspects of climate education, including resources focusing on climate justice and health, legislative efforts to improve climate literacy, research into effective education strategies, and much more. (
  • Climate change can affect our health. (
  • Researchers are studying the best ways to lessen climate change and reduce its impact on our health. (
  • Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health - clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter. (
  • Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, can affect human health in several direct and indirect ways. (
  • Disasters associated with a changing climate create excess demand for emergency health care. (
  • The Emergency Nurses Association adopted the position climate change is a health problem requiring a response by emergency nurses in the clinical setting and beyond the bedside (Kolbuk et al. (
  • Climate change is impacting human lives and health in a variety of ways. (
  • Institute a coordination modality for the health and climate focal point entity to steer the development and implementation of the public health response to climate change. (
  • This special Initiative was launched by the WHO in view of supporting SIDS countries in the adoption of a streamlined and concerted approach to climate change and health. (
  • This report covers weather and climate extremes, air quality, vector borne diseases, water- and food-related issues, mental health and well-being, and risks facing vulnerable segments of the population, such as children, the elderly, and people with existing health conditions. (
  • Climate change exacerbates some existing health threats and creates new public health challenges. (
  • Worldwide, only considering a few health indicators, additional 250,000 deaths per year will occur in the next decades as a result of climate change. (
  • The CDC's Climate and Health Program, led by Dr. George Luber, took the first step to build the appropriate evidence. (
  • The event featured testimony from numerous researchers who would go on to become major figures in the climate change debate. (
  • Staff want to hear from researchers, non-traditional research partners, and stakeholders about what the program should consider when investing in climate research that engages and benefits communities in California. (
  • Climate mapping was done by researchers at Columbia's Center for International Earth Science Network . (
  • Some researchers speculate that changing climate could have allowed C. gattii already present in the environment to emerge and expand. (
  • Uniting the world to tackle climate change. (
  • some are advisors to governments and the Climate Secretariat itself. (
  • Policy and program frameworks that enable federal and state governments to pursue natural climate solutions. (
  • In a valuable initiative, Minister Sherry Rehman has announced that parliament has approved Living Indus, a climate project aimed at protecting the area from environmental threats. (
  • Climate change poses clear, catastrophic threats,' Murdoch said last spring, in a speech webcast to all News Corp. employees (and available here . (
  • They reveal strong population-level differentiation in marine and intertidal taxa, but not terrestrial or freshwater taxa, and highlight the need to consider such variation in climate vulnerability predictions. (
  • We are striking because marginalized communities across our nation -especially communities of color, disabled communities, and low- income communities- are already disproportionately impacted by climate change. (
  • This is especially important in frontline communities: Although climate change affects everyone, its most deadly consequences often disproportionately hit lower-income populations, especially those living in areas prone to increasingly severe storms. (
  • Parts of sub-Saharan Africa , the Arctic and mountain regions face much more rapid climate change than other parts of the world. (
  • Analyses of the international climate change regime consider the challenges of maintaining current structures and the possibilities for creating new forms of international cooperation. (
  • This volume offers an original contribution to the study of the international political context of climate change over the last three decades, with fresh analyses of the current international climate change regime that consider both the challenges of maintaining current structures and the possibilities for creating new forms of international cooperation. (
  • In the past three decades, the percentage of Americans with asthma has more than doubled , and climate change is putting these individuals and many other vulnerable populations at greater risk of landing in the hospital. (
  • Frans Timmermans, vice-president of the EU's executive Commission, insisted the plans for carbon removal certificates were consistent with the bloc's legally binding climate targets . (
  • Hosting the twenty-sixth conference of the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is a major diplomatic moment for post-Brexit Britain. (
  • Technology will play a key role in fighting climate change and its impacts. (
  • BASF is a founding member of the CEO Climate Dialogue (CCD), a group of leading companies and NGOs working together to advance a market-based approach to climate change policy in the United States that adheres to six Guiding Principles . (
  • In this chapter the authors argue for a different approach to climate-change policy and thus a different use for forecasts. (
  • These powerful market trends mean that scaling up climate solutions is increasingly about smoothing the paths for adoption , and much of this work needs to happen locally. (
  • Despite new promises to pay for climate damages, the annual summit is increasingly losing touch with reality. (
  • Climate change is increasingly a part of the human experience. (
  • Today climate changes are occurring at an increasingly rapid rate. (
  • The climate change initiative is being felt in many corners of the Murdoch empire. (
  • The Climate Communication Prize is given annually to a scientist in recognition for the communication of climate science to promote scientific literacy, clarity of message, and efforts to foster respect and understanding of science-based values, particularly around climate change. (
  • We want to cast a wide net but need to limit selection to scientist whose work is in a climate relevant field. (
  • This calendar is not a comprehensive listing of all California Climate Investments (CCI) events. (
  • As California Natural Resources Secretary Wade Crowfoot pointed out that science supports the thinking that climate change has contributed to the record-setting wild fires, Trump shot back: "I don't think science knows, actually. (
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) offers a handy Climate at a Glance calculator that allows us to figure out what various temperatures trends have been for the U.S. since 1901 and the globe since 1881. (
  • In addition, the EU continues to face intensifying climate impacts as surface temperatures rise. (
  • Climate change is about so much more than rising temperatures. (
  • This indicator shows modeled county-level data to look at projections of extreme daytime and nighttime temperatures to better understand how our climate is changing. (
Climate change: Arizona-built NASA satellite to study ice thickness