A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. Inerminosides (iridoid glycosides); colebroside A; STEROIDS; STEROLS; terpenoid glucosides; and abietane DITERPENES have been found in this genus.
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Antioxidant activity of jionoside D from Clerodendron trichotomum. (1/17)

The antioxidant property of jionoside D, isolated from Clerodendron trichotomum (Verbenaceae), was investigated. This compound showed scavenging activity of intracellular reactive oxygen species and of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, as well as lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. This radical scavenging activity of jionoside D protected the cell viability of Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79-4) cells exposed H2O2. Furthermore, jionoside D reduced the apoptotic cells induced by H2O2, as demonstrated by the decreased number of sub G1 hypo-diploid cells and apoptotic body formation. However, it increased the activities of cellular antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase and catalase. Taken together, these findings suggest that jionoside D, isolated from C. trichotomum, exhibits antioxidant properties.  (+info)

Evaluation of anticarcinogenic effects of Clerodendron inerme on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. (2/17)

INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is the fifth most frequent cancer worldwide and India has recorded the highest incidence (40-50 percent) of oral malignancy. Clerodendron inerme is used by Indian traditional practitioners for the treatment of various ailments, including cancer. Our aim was to investigate the chemopreventive potential of the aqueous leaf extract of Clerodendron inerme (CiAet) in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. METHODS: We developed oral squamous cell carcinoma in the buccal pouch of male Syrian golden hamsters by painting them with 0.5% DMBA in liquid paraffin thrice a week for 14 weeks. The tumour incidence, tumour volume and tumour burden that were formed in the hamster buccal pouches were determined. RESULTS: Oral administration of CiAet at a dose of 500 mg/kg body weight to DMBA-painted animals on days alternate to DMBA painting for 14 weeks significantly prevented the tumour incidence, tumour volume and tumour burden. CiAet also exerts potent antilipidperoxidative effect and improved the antioxidant defence system in DMBA-painted animals. The chemopreventive efficacy of CiAet was evident by inhibition of tumour formation (80%) in DMBA-painted animals. CONCLUSION: The chemopreventive potential of CiAet is probably due to its antilipidperoxidative effect or the presence of some potent bioactive chemopreventive principles in the leaves of Clerodendron inerme.  (+info)

Evaluation of the in vivo activity of different concentrations of Clerodendrum umbellatum Poir against Schistosoma mansoni infection in mice. (3/17)

Clerodendrum umbellatum Poir (Verbenaceae) is traditionally used in Cameroon for the treatment of many diseases including intestinal helminthiasis. This study was undertaken to assess the in vivo antischistosomal activity of its leaves aqueous extract on a Schistosoma mansoni mice model and to determine the most effective dose of this extract. Mice showing a patent infection of S. mansoni were daily treated with C. umbellatum leaves aqueous extract at the doses of 40, 80 or 160 mg/kg body weight for 14 days. Seven days after administration of the extract, schistosomicidal activity was evaluated on the liver and spleen weights, faecal eggs releasing, liver egg count and worm burden. Treatment using C. umbellatum leaves aqueous extract resulted in an important reduction in faecal egg output by 75.49% and 85.14% for 80 mg/kg and 160 mg/kg of the extract respectively. These reduction rates did not differ significantly from the 100% obtained in the group of infected mice treated with 100 mg/kg of praziquantel. C. umbellatum leaves aqueous extract was lethal to S. mansoni worm. A 100% reduction rate was recorded in the group of infected mice treated with 160 mg/kg of the extract, as well as in praziquantel-treated mice. An amelioration of the hepatosplenomegaly was noticed in both the extract-treated mice and the praziquantel-treated mice. From these results, we can conclude that C. umbellatum leaves aqueous extract demonstrated schistosomicidal properties in S. mansoni model at doses of at least 80 mg/kg body weight.  (+info)

Comprehensive review of Clerodendrum phlomidis: a traditionally used bitter. (4/17)

Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn. f., (syn. Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm.f) O. Kuntze, Volkameria multiflorum Burm. f.) (Lamiaceae) is an important and well known medicinal plant extensively used in Ayurveda and Siddha system of medicine for treatment of various ailments. The popular therapies include on inflammation, diabetes, nervous disorder, asthma, rheumatism, digestive disorders, and urinary disorders as well as a bitter tonic. It was reported that pectolinaringenin, scutellarein, clerodin, clerodendrin, clerosterol, 24beta-ethylcholesta-5,22E,25-triene-3beta-ol, lup-20(29)-en-3-triacontanoate, 4,2',4'-trihydroxy-6'-methoxychalcone-4,4'alpha-D-diglucoside, 7-hydroxyflavone, 7-hydroxyflavanone-7-O-glucoside and alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-2)alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-7-O-naringin-4'-O-alpha-D-glu copyranoside-5-methyl ether had been isolated from this plant. The alcoholic and aqueous extracts were reported active as analgesic, antidiarrhoeal, antiplasmodial, hypoglycemic, minor tranquilizers, anti-asthmatic, antifungal, nematicidal, anti-amnestic and anti-arthritic. There are coincidences between some of the traditional usages of this plant and experimentally observed effects of the extracts but very few biological studies available on bioactive fractions and/or pure compounds. This review is an attempt to compile the exhaustive literature on Clerodendrum phlomidis, to highlight, analyze and critically assess the pharmaceutical potential of this underestimated plant in a systematic way.  (+info)

Antimicrobial and antiparasitic abietane diterpenoids from the roots of Clerodendrum eriophyllum. (5/17)

Chromatographic separation of the roots of a Kenyan medicinal plant, Clerodendrum eriophyllum, led to the isolation of ten abietane diterpenoids (1-10), one of which (1) was isolated for the first time from a natural source. Using spectroscopic data, the structure of 1 was determined to be 12-hydroxy-8,12-abietadiene-3,11,14-trione. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra showed that the stereochemistry of compounds 1, 3, and 6-8 belongs to the normal series of abietane diterpenes, which confirmed the absolute stereochemistry of the isolated compounds. Compounds 1-10 were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial, antileishmanial, antifungal and antibacterial activities. Compounds 3 and 7 exhibited potent antifungal activity (IC50/MIC 0.58/1.25 and 0.96/2.5 microg/mL, respectively) against C. neoformans, whereas 3, 6 and 7 showed strong antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus with IC50/MIC values between 1.33-1.75/2.5-5 and 0.96-1.56/2.5 microg/mL, respectively. In addition, compounds 3 and 9 exhibited potent antileishmanial activity (IC50 0.08 and 0.20 microg/mL, respectively) against L. donovani, while 3 and 7 displayed weak antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum, but 9 was inactive.  (+info)

Development of nuclear SSRs for the insular shrub Clerodendrum izuinsulare (Verbenaceae) and the widespread C. trichotomum. (6/17)

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Isolation, characterization and thin-layer chromatography method development of clerosterol palmityl ester: a chemical marker for standardization of leaves of Clerodendrum phlomidis. (7/17)

OBJECTIVE: Clerosterol palmityl ester (CPE) is a unique clerosterol derivative isolated and characterized from the leaves of Clerodendrum phlomidis. Considering the uniqueness of this compound, the present study was planned to use CPE as a specific chemical marker and develop a new validated thin-layer chromatography (TLC) method for standardisation of C. phlomidis. METHODS: Separation and quantification of CPE were achieved by TLC using a mobile phase of petroleum ether (60 to 80 degrees centigrade) and ethyl acetate (95:5, volume ratio) (Rf 0.64) on precoated silica gel 60F(254) aluminium plates. Densitometric determination was carried out after derivatization with anisaldehyde sulphuric acid reagent in absorption mode at 527 nm. RESULTS: The calibration curve was linear in the concentration range of 100 to 500 ng/spot. The method was validated for precision, repeatability and accuracy. The proposed method was found to be simple, specific, precise, accurate, rapid and cost-effective. CONCLUSION: This TLC procedure may be used effectively for quantitative determination of CPE, identification of the plant and standardization of this plant or its derived products.  (+info)

Contribution of pollinators to seed production as revealed by differential pollinator exclusion in Clerodendrum trichotomum (Lamiaceae). (8/17)

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APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Cladus: asterids • Cladus: euasterids I • Ordo: Lamiales • Familia: Lamiaceae • Subfamilia: Teucrioideae • Genus: Clerodendrum • Species: Clerodendrum blancoi Náves ex Fern.-Vill. ...
Type 2 diabetes has been recognized as the most prominent of all diabetes types, contributing to global morbidity and mortality. Availability and cost of treatment with little or no side effect especially in developing countries remains a huge burden. This has led to the search of affordable alternative therapies especially from natural products from medicinal plants. In this study, the antidiabetic effect of the methanolic extract, dichloromethane (DCM), butanol (BuOH) and aqueous fractions of Clerodendrum volubile leaves were investigated in type 2 diabetic rats for their effect on glucose homeostasis, serum insulin level and hepatic biomarkers, lipid profile, pancreatic redox balance and Ca2+ levels, and β-cell distribution and function. The DCM was further fractionated to isolate the active compounds, biochanin and 5,7,4-Trimethoxykaempferol. They were investigated for their toxicity and ADMET properties, α-glucosidase and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities in silico.
14. Clerodendrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 637. 1753. 大青属 da qing shu Shrubs or small trees, rarely subshrubs or herbs, erect or rarely climbing, deciduous or evergreen. Branchlets usually 4-angled when young. Leaves simple, opposite or rarely whorled. Inflorescences loosely cymose or capitate, in terminal or rarely axillary paniculate thyrses. Calyx campanulate or cup-shaped, ca. 5-dentate or deeply 5-lobed. Corolla with a slender tube; lobes 5, spreading. Stamens 4, ± exserted. Ovary 4-locular; ovules pendulous or laterally attached. Style with 2 acute stigmatic lobes. Fruiting calyx ± inflated. Fruit a drupe with 4 1-seeded pyrenes, sometimes separating into 2 2-loculed or 4 1-locular mericarps.. About 400 species: mostly tropical and subtropical, few in temperate Asia, Africa, and America; 34 species in China.. ...
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF ANTI-DIARRHOEAL ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF CLERODENDRUM INFORTUNATUM
We call the non-variegated form Clerodendrum macrosiphon, but after going through the web, it is also known as C. incisum, C. incisum var. macrosiphon. So please dont ask me the correct scientific name. Anyway, the common names are Musical Notes, Do-Re-Mi Plant. ...
OPTIMIZATION OF LOZENGES FORMULA OF SENGGUGU ROOT BARK (Clerodendrum serratum L. Moon) EXTRACTS FOR MUCUS DILUENT (MUCOLITIC) IN COMBINATION WITH MANNITOL-LACTOSE-SUCROSE FILLERS
Abutilon x hybridum (double pink bell flower). Double pink, almost peonie form flower on standard Abutilon shrub. Garden hybrid 1A.1885 (Abutilon Chinese Lantern (20 different species and varieties). Abutilon x hybridum variegatum Souvenir de Bonn (variegated leaf bell blower). Pretty variegated foliage, an unspectacular dull orange/pink flower.Garden hybrid. Abutilon megapotamicum variegatum. Small pendulous yelloy/red flowers with black stamens, on low growing untidy shrub with variegated leaves. Very reliable in dry shade. Garden hybrid. Abutilon magapotamicam var Red Goblin and standard orange varieties. Fairly tall, lax shrub, evergreen, flowers continually in dry shade. Sun tolerant garden hybrid.. Abutilon megapotamicum Variegatum (Variegated Brazilian Bell Flower) soft yellow spotting on green leaf background, open light orange flower. garden hybrid . Near back stairs. Acalypha wilkesiana var.firestorm Always reliable in subtropical conditions as a colourful variegated foliage ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Quantity sufficient for external application - may be associated with gentle massage.. Mahamasha thailam Ingredients:. Each 10 ml. of Niramisha Maha masha Taila is prepared from -. Moorchita tila taila (Processed sesame oil) 10 ml.,. Chaturthavashesha Kashaya prepared from -. Bilva (Aegle marmelos),. Agnimantha (Clerodendrum phlomidis). Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens),. Brihati (Solanum indicum). Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris). Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicum). Gambhari (Gmelina arborea). Shaliparni (Desmodium gangeticum). Prishniparni (Uraria picta). Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum). Masha (Phaseolus mungo). Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera). Bala (Sida cordifolia). Devadaru (Cedrus deodara). Yasti (Glycerriza glabra). Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata). Vidari (Puraria tuberosa). Bharangi (Clerodendrum serratum). Shatapushpa (Anethem sowa). Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa). Kusta (Inula racemosa). Mashaparni (Teramnum labialis). Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus). Saindhava (Rock salt),. Haridra (Curcuma ...
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
Leaves in whorls of 3-4, 7-22 x 2-4 cm, linear-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate to acute, margin entire or more or less toothed, apex acute or acuminate, sessile or subsessile ...
A gardener was trimming these plants that were growing on the perimeter of a rain shelter in the Singapore Botanic Gardens. I moved closer to look at these flowers and was pleasantly surprised by the mild fragrance in the air around them. A colourful butterfly, disturbed by my presence, fluttered away. I thought of photographing it. Too slow, too late, too small. I missed the chance. So it was back to these lovely blooms and amongst them I found this sphere-shaped cluster. A reward for letting the butterfly go on its way ...
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.. AUTHORS WHO PUBLISH WITH THIS JOURNAL AGREE TO THE FOLLOWING TERMS:. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the works authorship and initial publication in this journal.. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journals published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Bharngi (Clerodendrum serratum) is woody medicinal shrub which is native to tropical and warm temperate regions and found throughout India up to an altitude of 1500m. In Sanskrit meaning of Bharangee is glorious. Its tree has height of about 2 to 8 feet. Its root, stem and leaves are use for medicinal purpose. Bharangee plant has anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-asthmatic, anti-tumour activities. It Pacifies vata and kapha, promotes pitta.. In Ayurveda Bharangee is indicated for respiratory problems and used in preparation of various Ayurvedic drugs for curing the same. It has pungent, astringent in taste and hot in potency. It is useful in cough, breathlessness, wound, swelling, liver problems and neurological disorders. The decoction prepared from its leaves has bronchodilator activities.. Bharangi is not a toxic plant. Its leaves and flowers can be eaten in form of vegetable. These leaves improve appetite and has expectorant activity. Its roots have liver protecting, antipyretic and ...
Ayurveda, Sanskrit for The Science of Life, is one of the worlds oldest recorded systems of natural health preserved through the ages on scrolls and manuscripts. The Ayurvedic view of physical and mental well-being - a healthy way of living, has experienced a renewed interest as people take a proactive approach to their personal health. Natures Sunshine authentic formula, developed with herbs direct from India, is true to the Ayurvedic philosophy of restoring balance to the body. The respiratory system regularly encounters airborne particles such as microorganisms, pollutants, pollens and dust, and it protects delicate body tissues. As a result, the functions of the lungs and bronchi can be affected. This Ayurvedic formula uses herbs traditionally used for respiratory system support ...
Ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) was used to extract flavonoid-enriched antioxidants from alfalfa aerial part. Response surface methodology (RSM), based on a four-factor, five-level central composite design (CCD), was employed to obtain the optimal extraction parameters, in which the flavonoid content was maximum and the antioxidant activity of the extracts was strongest. Radical scavenging capacity of the extracts, which represents the amounts of antioxidants in alfalfa, was determined by using 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonicacid) (ABTS) and 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) methods. The results showed good fit with the proposed models for the total flavonoid extraction (R2 = 0.9849), for the antioxidant extraction assayed by ABTS method (R2 = 0.9764), and by DPPH method (R2 = 0.9806). Optimized extraction conditions for total flavonoids was a ratio of liquid to solid of 57.16 mL/g, 62.33 °C, 57.08 min, and 52.14% ethanol. The optimal extraction parameters of extracts
Jionoside A1 isolated from Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata displays dose dependent immune-enhancement activity and possesses moderate protective activities on H2O2-treated SH-SY5Y cells. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
Oh, poor nutmeg! It has been way under looked for its ability to scavenge free radicals which are associated with cellular damage.. In a menthol extract, nutmeg had a lot of antioxidant power. Nutmeg demonstrated activity as a free radical scavenger, an antioxidant capacity for peroxyl and hydroxyl radical, and some phenolic activity. (Phenols have immune modulating properties.) One drawback in this study was that the extraction method could have altered the active constituents activity.. Black peppercorn, nutmeg, rosehip, cinnamon and oregano leaf were extracted with 50% acetone and 80% methanol, and evaluated for their radical-scavenging activities against cation (ABTS+), DPPH, peroxyl (ORAC) and hydroxyl (HO) radicals. For each extract, total phenolic content (TPC) and chelating activity were also determined. The extracts of all botanical samples showed significant radical-scavenging capacities, TPC and chelating abilities. The 50% acetone extract of cinnamon had the highest ABTS+-scavenging ...
Definition: A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology ...
Proper validation of traditional medical knowledge using current scientific techniques and reasoning is vital before complementary and alternative medicinal products are integrated..
Genetic testing usually happens late in the first trimester, so around 11 to 13 weeks We offer a few different tests. One of them is called the first look Its based on the idea that babies that have Down syndrome have a thickened fold behind their neck The first thing we do is an ultrasound and the purpose of that ultrasound is to look for that fold behind the babys neck The second thing is that babies who have Downs tend to have moms with certain chemical markers that are higher or lower than in moms that dont carry a baby with Downs The second part of this is testing those chemical markers. We put the ultrasound results along with those markers into an algorithm and come back and say your risk of Downs We may say the risk of Downs is 1 in 10,000 Thats really low and theres probably nothing else to do or we might say the risk of Downs is 1 and 3 If thats so, then we need to do additional testing because this is just a screen The other form of genetic testing that you may be offered is ...
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Like a stealth jet, new nanoparticles evade the bodys defenses while delivering chemical markers and lethal toxins to cancer tumors
Like a stealth jet, new nanoparticles evade the bodys defenses while delivering chemical markers and lethal toxins to cancer tumors
Looking for a place where all family dentistry and cosmetic dentistry services are available under one roof? Schedule an appointment at Vesna Arezi
Sugarcane tops were extracted with 50% ethanol and fractionated by petroleum ether, ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and n-butyl alcohol successively. Eight phenolic compounds in EtOAc extracts were purified through silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies, and then identified by nuclear magnetic resonance and electrospray ionization mass spectra. The results showed that eight phenolic compounds from EtOAc extracts were identified as caffeic acid, cis-p-hydroxycinnamic acid, quercetin, apigenin, albanin A, australone A, moracin M, and 5-geranyl-5,7,2,4-tetrahydroxyflavone. The antioxidant and nitrite-scavenging capacities of different solvent extracts correlated positively with their total phenolic (TP) contents. Amongst various extracts, EtOAc extracts possessed the highest TP content and presented the strongest oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging capacity, 2,2-azobis-3-ethylbenthiaazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical-scavenging
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4 5; stamens 4 5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style ...
Brachythecium acuminatum var. rupincola (Hedw.) Rau & Herv., more, Brachythecium acuminatum var. setosum (Hedw.) Rau & Herv., Brachythecium cyrtophyllum Kindb., Brachythecium oxycladon (Hedw.) Austin, Chamberlainia acuminata (Hedw.) Grout, Chamberlainia acuminata var. rupincola (Hedw.) Grout, Chamberlainia cyrtophylla (Kindb.) Grout, Leskea acuminata , Leskea setosa ...
We know that 9 out of the 20 amino acids can be phosphorylated, but we know very little about most of them because theyre so hard to study, says Tony Hunter, American Cancer Society Professor, holder of the Dulbecco Chair in the Salks Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory and senior author of the new paper.. When phosphate is added to three particular amino acids-serine, threonine and tyrosine-it forms a strong chemical bond. Researchers can easily identify the location of these phosphates. But when the other six amino acids are phosphorylated, the phosphate is only loosely attached to each amino acid, causing problems for researchers trying to glean what happens in these cases. One of these amino acids, called histidine (or phosphohistidine once a phosphate is added), has been particularly tough to study.. With those strong phosphorylation events, you can label cells, isolate proteins and analyze the proteins in various ways to find out where the phosphates are, says Hunter. You cant do ...
VALIDATION OF HEPATOPROTECTIVE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF FOLK LORE KNOWLEDGE OF PURIFIED ANTHOCYANIN FROM CELL SUSPENSION CULTURE OF CLERODENDRON INFORTUNATUM L.: A SEARCH
When assayed alone against CQ-torelant P. berghei NK65, 38% of the 29 methanolic extracts, representing 53% of all the 15 plant species screened, showed significant parasitaemia suppression (P,0.05) on day 4 p.i. ranging from 31.7-59.3%, which may partially validate the ethnomedical use of the herbs in management of malaria. The plants with considerable in vivo chemo-suppression including V. lasiopus, F. sur, C. myricoides, R. prinoides and R. staddo had shown moderate to significant in vitro antiplasmodial activities against both CQ-sensitive and -resistant P. falciparum isolates in their water and/or organic fractions in a previous study of some Kenyan medicinal plants (Muregi et al., 2003; 2004). The organic leaf extract of V. lasiopus had shown the highest in vitro inhibition of parasite growth, with IC50 values as low as 1.0 μg/ml, which is consistent with the findings of the present study, in which the methanolic extract showed a remarkable in vivo parasitaemia suppression of 59.3%, ...
Si prosegue con lanalisi della discografia dei Mallory: dopo aver recensito 2 e Sonora R.F. Part I, non potevo farmi mancare anche lultima fatica della band francese, Sonora R.F. Part II. Come già detto, il quartetto parigino ha uninnata capacità di fondere blues, grunge e atmosfere eteree che rapiscono lascoltatore e lo fanno accomodare su una vecchia poltrona di pelle, ormai distrutta dal tempo, ma che conosci in ogni sua imperfezione. Lalbum contiene dieci brani in un digipack con la stessa grafica del Part I, ma a colori invertiti. Allinterno sono riportati i testi, sia in inglese che in francese, come i Mallory ci hanno già abituato in passato. Riot è il brano che ha la responsabilità di aprire il nuovo album e lo fa con tanta energia, con il tutto che ricorda i vecchi Pearl Jam, con riff aggressivi che si abbattono con energia come una tempesta su un paesaggio quieto ed inerme. La ritmica è sostenuta, batteria e basso si spellano mani e dita per scaricare più rabbia ...
If you want an actual, non-snarky answer, its probably because your breath doesnt smell right. The reason mosquitoes hover around peoples faces before feeding is that theyre checking out the breath for chemical markers which indicate palatibility. If your blood isnt palatable to your local breed of mosquitoes, youd not get bitten much. On the other hand, if you go to another part of the country, youre likely to encounter mosquitoes which are of different strains and they likely wont find your breath unacceptable, so theyll bite you.. ReplyDelete ...
Evergreen shrub from southern China a charming witch hazel relative with tiny fringed ruby red witchhazel flowers in early spring nestled among the blue-green leaves. To 3-4 ft tall with layered branches are held in graceful arching sweeps. Happy in full to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria. [web application]. 2020. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/ (Accessed: Aug 15, 2020). ...
The use of Mimosa tenuiflora([Willd.] Poir.) dates back to pre-colonial American civilizations. This plant has been used for a variety of purposes, such as magic-religious rituals; as a medicinal...
After lesions in the differentiated central nervous system (CNS) of higher vertebrates, interrupted fibre tracts do not regrow and elongate by more than an initial sprout of approximately 1 mm. Transplantations of pieces of peripheral nerves into various parts of the CNS demonstrate the widespread c …
uuid: 2e434ae6-bef1-4814-8769-f7cf4ea82d8e, type: records, etag: 1ab55e2f7a59d15c461eb229be71d7391fedec0b, data: { dwc:startDayOfYear: 190, dwc:verbatimTaxonRank: variety, dwc:specificEpithet: lanatum, dwc:county: Humboldt County, dwc:recordedBy: Heller, A. A., dwc:order: Asterales, dwc:habitat: On grassy slopes., dwc:scientificNameAuthorship: (Fisch. & Avé-Lall.) Jeps., dwc:occurrenceID: urn:catalog:CAS:BOT-BC:301179, dcterms:language: en, id: urn:catalog:CAS:BOT-BC:301179, dwc:stateProvince: California, dwc:eventDate: 1923-07-09, dwc:country: United States, dwc:collectionCode: BOT-BC, dwc:higherClassification: Plantae; Magnoliophyta; Magnoliopsida; Asterales; Asteraceae, dwc:kingdom: Plantae, dwc:occurrenceRemarks: Occasional., dwc:basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen, dwc:genus: Eriophyllum, dwc:continent: North America, dwc:family: Asteraceae, dwc:infraspecificEpithet: arachnoideum, ...
Partial images provided by this server are released under the Creative Commons cc-by-sa 3.0 (generic) licence [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/]. Please credit images to BGBM following our citation guidelines [https://ww2.bgbm.org/Herbarium/cite.cfm]. If you would like to use images in a format or resolution which is not provided here, please contact us (d.roepert[at]bgbm.org). ...
Shaw, R. B. & R. B. Webster. 1987. The genus Eriochloa (Poaceae: Paniceae) in North and Central America. Sida 12(1): 165-207. ...
Professor Anne Dell from Imperial College Londons Department of Life Sciences, one of the studys lead authors, said: Normal human cells carry chemical markers made of proteins which tell the immune system not to attack them. In the case of organ transplants, for example, doctors try to match these markers in both the donor and the recipient to prevent rejection. However, in the case of sperm cells, their sugar-based markers are different: they are recognised by everyones immune system, meaning that no immune response is triggered during reproduction between any two people ...
Anthropogenic chemicals have been proposed as potential markers of human fecal contamination in recreational water. However, to date, there are no published studies describing their relationships with illness risks. Using a cohort of swimmers at seven U.S. beaches, we examined potential associations between the presence of chemical markers of human fecal pollution and self-reported gastrointestina ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Paspalum molle Poir. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Notes: Benth. & Hook. f. iii. 1107 CHAUVINIA, Steud. Syn. Pl. Gram. 362 (1855).LIMNETIS, Pers. Syn. i. 72 (1805). PONCELETIA, Thou. Fl. Trist. Acugn. 36(1811). SOLENACHNE, Steud. Syn. Pl. Gram. 12 (1854). TRACHYNOTIA, Michx. Fl.Bor. Am. i. 63 (1803). TRISTANIA, Poir. Encyc. Suppl. iv. 526, in obs. (1816). Id: 19036-1 Version: 1.3 View Record history. View this record in TCS-RDF format. ...
Izithelo ezomile ziyasiza kakhulu emzimbeni wesifazane. Umphumela wezinto zemvelo kanye ne-glucose yezithelo ezomile nakho kunomphumela omuhle ekusebenzeni kwamathumbu nezinye izitho ezibalulekile. Ukuze uhlale uphilile, sebenzisa izithelo omisiwe okungenani izikhathi eziningana ngesonto. Lokhu ngeke nje kulungise futhi kuzinze izitho zangaphakathi zakho: izinso, isibindi, inhliziyo, indlela yokugaya ukudla, kodwa futhi nokuthuthukisa ukubukeka kwakho. Phela, izithelo ezomile azizona izithelo, lapho ushukela wanezelwa khona, ezitshalweni ezomile uqukethe i-glucose yemvelo futhi ewusizo kakhulu, okubangela ukuba impilo yakho ibe nobuhle. Yidla okungaphezulu kokubaluleka okunjalo, futhi kungekudala uzobona ukuthi uqale uzizwa kangcono kakhulu. Yidla izithelo zemvelo ezomisiwe kuphela: bukela ukudla kwakho kwansuku zonke futhi udle izinto eziluhlaza okwedlulele kanye neminye imifino nezithelo enempilo: kungekudala uzozwa umehluko phakathi kokudla okusheshayo nokudla okunempilo nokunomsoco. ...
In this study, the concentration of alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) were determined in fish samples, Labeo umbratus and Carp, collected from the Vaal River in South Africa. Ultrasonic-assisted extraction technique was used to extract the organic contaminants from fish samples, and the resulting extract was purified by sulphuric acid lipid removal followed by Strata X-cartridge SPE clean-up. The APEs and BFRs were derivatized using heptafluorobutyric anhydride before analysis with GC-MS. In both types of fish samples, lower oligomers of APEs were more abundant than the higher oligomers, while HBCD, BDE99 and PBB101 were the dominant BFRs. The concentrations of these pollutants ranged from 1.061 ng/g lipids (t-BP) in Labeo umbratus to 11.860 ng/g lipids (HBCD) in Carp.
All 13 plant extracts had some degree of activity against the 3 fungal pathogens used. Many authors consider activity of a plant extract with MIC higher than 0.1 mg/mL as not significant [16, 23]. Extracts from 8 of the 13 species with the exception of H. trifoliata, S. mitis, M. lanceolata, M. azedarach and C. dregei extracts had MIC values lower than 0.1 mg/mL. It may be interesting to correlate the anthelmintic activity of the extracts with their antifungal activity.. Clausena anisata extracts had the best activity with an MIC of 0.02 mg/mL. C. anisata extracts also had the best antifungal activity when plant extracts of Tanzanian plant species were examined with an MIC value of 1 mg/mL against C. albicans[24] compared to 0.63 mg/mL against the same pathogen in the current study. It is satisfying that the results are close despite the use of different extractants, different origins of the plants and different C. albicans isolates. The MIC activity of C. anisata found here 0.04 mg/mL ...
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Hello ! My name is Susanne and this is my first time posting to this group, usually I just read it. But I need some help. There is some plants that I never seem to find them. For example Tetrastigma voinieranum, Sparrmannia africana, Ampelopsis brevipedunculata, Clerodendron thomsonae and different kinds of philodendron. I hope that I have got the names correct. So if anyone now where to find seeds or cuttings I´ll be grateful. Susanne ...
Lowry, D. B., T. L. Logan, L. Santuari, C. S. Hardtke, J. H. Richards, L. J. DeRose-Wilson, J. K. McKay, S. Sen, T. E. Juenger. The genomic architecture of transcriptional response to soil water availability in the Tsu x Kas mapping population of Arabidopsis thaliana. Submitted Lowry D. B., K. D. Behrman, P. Grabowski, G. P. Morris, J. R. Kiniry, T. E. Juenger. Local and climatic adaptations across the Panicum virgatum species complex. Submitted Sexton J. P., M. B. Hufford, A. Bateman, D. B. Lowry, H. Meimberg, S. Y. Strauss, K. J. Rice. Mechanisms generating species range limits: Inference from patterns of gene flow and abundance across a species range. Submitted Aspinwall M. J., D. B. Lowry, S. H. Taylor, T. E. Juenger, C. V. Hawkes, M. V. Johnson, J. R. Kiniry, P. A. Fay. Evidence of a genetically-based leaf functional trait syndrome linked to climate and aboveground productivity in a widespread C4 grass. Submitted Wright, K. M., D. Lloyd, D. B. Lowry, M. R. Macnair, J. H. Willis. (2013) ...
Stamens 8-10, about equalling or slightly exceeding the corolla; filaments densely pubescent, c. 6·5 mm. long; anthers versatile, c. 3 mm. long, opening by pores at the tips of two horns, glabrous, without appendages ...
Removal of Pet Odours and Stains. Non-toxic enzymatic cleaners can be used to remove stains and odours caused by cat urine. Natures Miracle not only removes odours and stains, but also the chemical markers in the urine that encourage a cat to urinate in the same place over and over again. Other popular enzymatic cleaners include Zero Odor and X-O.. Elimination of Household and Garden Pests. Most pesticides are extremely toxic, and there are far safer ways to deal with indoor and outdoor pests. You can spray pure vinegar or a vinegar and water solution around areas where pests are likely to enter the house, such as baseboards. For more environmentally friendly ways to prevent and eliminate pests, see Natural Flea Control and Natural Garden Pest Control.. Pests on houseplants can be removed by washing leaves and stems with a solution of lukewarm water and non-toxic insecticidal soap or dish soap that does not contain degreasers, which may damage leaf cuticles. A soft cloth can be used to apply ...
Abstract Oxidized or degraded oil sands can exhibit poor processability, which is often not correlated with the fines or clay contents in the ore. Chemical markers (such as low pH and high soluble iron and calcium) for oil sands oxidation are someti
Mammalian cortex contains a diversity of inhibitory neuron types, each with distinct morphological, immunochemical, and/or physiological properties. In rat cortex, chemical markers distinguish at least four distinct and nonoverlapping neuron classes based on expression of parvalbumin (PV), somatosta …
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Clerodendrum costatum R.Br. Clerodendrum floribundum R.Br. Clerodendrum tomentosum (Vent.) R.Br. Coelachne pulchella R.Br. ...
Y.W.Yuan (Clerodendrum eriophyllum Gürke) Volkameria glabra (E.Mey.) Mabb. & Y.W.Yuan (Clerodendrum glabrum E. Mey.) Karomia ... ex Schauer Clerodendrum umbellatum Poir. Rotheca myricoides (Hochst.) Steane & Mabb. (Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) Vatke ...
In cultivation, it is frequently known by one of its synonyms, such as Clerodendrum myricoides. The cultivar 'Ugandense' is an ... "Clerodendrum myricoides 'Ugandense'". Plant Finder. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2015-07-24. "Rotheca myricoides ' ...
Clerodendrum L. Congea Roxb. Cornutia L. Cyanostegia Turcz. Dicrastylis J.Drumm. ex Harv. Discretitheca P.D.Cantino Faradaya F. ...
Lamiaceae) Clerodendrum ohwii Kaneh. & Hatus. (Lamiaceae) Isodon × ohwii Okuyama (Lamiaceae) Rabdosia × ohwii (Okuyama), Hara ( ...
Clerodendrum holtzei F.Muell. Clerodendrum lanceolatum F.Muell. Clerodendrum tracyanum (F.Muell.) F.Muell. ex Benth. ...
Tillai), Clerodendrum inerme Gaertn. (Tam. Sangankuppi), Acanthus ilicifolius L. (Tam. Kaludai Mulli), Solanum trilobatum L ( ...
"Clerodendrum" pages 174-176. In: "Verbenaceae" pages 132-182. In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien volume IV, part 3a. Verlag ... In 1895, John Isaac Briquet defined the genus Clerodendrum broadly, to include all of those species now placed in Rotheca, ... In 2010, a molecular phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences showed that most of the Clerodendrum species that had been in ... Some of the poorly known species in Clerodendrum might still need to be transferred to Volkameria. Volkameria inermis in ...
Clerodendrum ugandense Prain) - Butterfly Bush Rotheca pilosa (H.Pearson) P.P.J.Herman & Retief Rotheca prittwitzii (B.Thomas) ... "Clerodendrum" pages 174-176. In: "Verbenaceae" pages 132-182. In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien volume IV, part 3a. Verlag ... "Molecular systematics of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae): ITS sequences and total evidence". American Journal of Botany 86(1):98-107. ... In the 20th century, Rotheca was rarely recognized as separate from Clerodendrum. Rotheca was revived in 1998 as a result of ...
Clerodendrum speciosissimum, Cordyline terminalis, Cycad spp., Dendrobium, Dombeya spp., Epidendrum ciliare, Ficus auriculata, ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum species. Eretmocera at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Afro Moths ...
Host plants include Clerodendrum species (Verbenaceae). Biolib Biol.uni v t e. ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum capitatum. Neptis strigata strigata (Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, Central ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum glabrum. Ischnurges lancinalis lancinalis (Mauritius, La Réunion) Ischnurges lancinalis ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum glabrum. Afro Moths v t e. ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum species. Belenois sudanensis sudanensis (southern Sudan, western Kenya) Belenois sudanensis ...
Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae). Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an ...
... feeds on various species of Clerodendrum (Verbenaceae), including Clerodendrum inerme, Clerodendrum ... It has been considered as a biological control agent against Clerodendrum chinense, which has become a serious noxious weed and ... ISBN 978-90-04-16947-0. D. F. Waterhouse (1993). "Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabberley (formerly C. philippinum). Honolulu ...
The larvae feed on Gardenia globesa and Clerodendrum glabrum. De Prins, J. & De Prins, W. (2018). "Eyralpenus diplosticta ( ...
The larvae have been recorded feeding on Clerodendrum floribundum. Early instars are green with a forward-curving dark brown ...
Cleome tenella L. Cleome viscosa L. Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach. Clerodendrum polycephalum Baker Clerodendrum ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum speciosissimum and Asystasia gangetica. Afro Moths v t e. ...
They have Alectryon subcinereus and Clerodendrum tomentosum as shrubby covers. Littoral Rainforests - Dominated by Acmena ...
The larvae feed on Alternanthera achyrantoides (Amaranthaceae) and Clerodendrum sp. (Verbenaceae). afromoths Passerin ...
The butterflies visit flowers such as Lantana, Stachytarpheta and Clerodendrum. There are two to three broods a year. Recorded ...
The larvae feed on Clerodendrum paniculatum, Hypoestes and Justicia species. Celaenorrhinus galenus galenus (from Senegal, ...
The Latin botanical name of Tekkali plant is Clerodendrum phlomides Linn. It belongs to the family Verbenacae. The Tekkali ...
The larvae feed on Canthium inerme, Clerodendrum glabrum and Ximenia caffra. Cigaritis at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some ...
"A novel lupene-type triterpenic glucoside from the leaves of Clerodendrum inerme". Natural Product Research. 24 (2): 167-176. ...
This article is a list of diseases of bleeding hearts (Clerodendrum thomsoniae). Common Names of Diseases, The American ...
Clerodendrum flavum Merr. Clerodendrum floribundum R.Br. Clerodendrum formicarum Gürke Clerodendrum fortunatum L. Clerodendrum ... Clerodendrum pusillum Gürke Clerodendrum putre Schauer Clerodendrum pygmaeum Merr. Clerodendrum pynaertii De Wild. Clerodendrum ... Clerodendrum buchneri Gürke Clerodendrum buettneri Gürke Clerodendrum bungei Steud. Clerodendrum calamitosum L. Clerodendrum ... Clerodendrum confine S.L.Chen & T.D.Zhuang Clerodendrum confusum Hallier f. Clerodendrum corbisieri De Wild. Clerodendrum ...
"Clerodendrum bungei". Flora of China. Retrieved 26 April 2020. Media related to Clerodendrum bungei at Wikimedia Commons Data ... Steudel, E.G. von (1840). "Clerodendrum". Nomenclator Botanicus. Editio Secunda. 1: 382. "Clerodendrum bungei". Missouri ... As in other Clerodendrum species, the calyx is five-lobed. At the centre of each flower there is a slender tube c. 3-4 cm long ... Clerodendrum bungei is a deciduous shrub that grows up to 2 m in height. Its leaves are cordate (heart-shaped), 10-20 cm long ...
Comment: The life cycle habit indicates the typical duration of an individual plants life. Common values are annual, biennial, and perennial. Some plants have different durations depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value ...
Most members of the Lamiaceae genus Clerodendrum are native to the Old World tropics, but many have been cultivated and ... Clerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower); habit, with flowers. Havana, Florida, USA. December, 2005.. Public Doman - Photographed ... Like many members of the Clerodendrum genus, this species has been used for traditional medicine treatments in its native range ... The genus Clerodendrum (Verbenaceae) in Mesoamerica. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 80(4):870-890. ...
Clerodendrum species Clerodendrum indicum Name. Synonyms. Clerodendrum indicum f. semiserratum (Wall.) Moldenke. Clerodendrum ... Clerodendrum mite (L.) Vatke. Clerodendrum semiserratum Wall.. Clerodendrum siphonanthus R.Br.. Clerodendrum siphonanthus W.T. ... Clerodendrum siphonanthus var. angustifolium (Willd.) Hassk.. Clerodendrum verticillatum Roxb.. Clerodendrum verticillatum Roxb ... Clerodendrum indicum Kuntze. Clerodendrum indicum Druce. Common names. Turks turban in English. Turks-turban in English. ...
33 Clerodendrum subscaposum. +. Shrubs 1-4 m tall; leaf blade papery; calyx ca. 5 mm; corolla tube ca. 7 mm, lobes 6-12 mm. 34 ... Clerodendrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 637. 1753. 大青属 da qing shu Shrubs or small trees, rarely subshrubs or herbs, erect or rarely ... 22 Clerodendrum bungei. +. Bractlets linear, 0.5-0.8 cm; calyx 10-15 mm, lobes triangular-lanceolate, longer than calyx tube. ... 12 Clerodendrum ervatamioides. +. Inflorescences flat-topped, 7-16 cm; calyx lobes triangular-lanceolate, erect at anthesis.. ( ...
... Location collected: Kapingamarangi Village. Date collected: November 28, 1998. Collected by: Brigeen ...
Clerodendrum tibetanum C. Y. Wu & S. K. Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(4): 122. 1978. 西藏大青 xi zang da qing Herbs 2-3 m tall. ...
Clerodendrum (Clerodendron) Quadriloculare will spread - be sure you are ready for the consequences if you plant it in the ... Striking, to say the least, Clerodendrum (Clerodendron) Quadriloculare is a fairly easy to grow evergreen shrub. Of the family ...
Clerodendrum calamitosum (White Butterfly Bush). *Clerodendrum heterophyllum, Clerodendrum aculeatum (Tree of little stars, ... Clerodendrum paniculatum (Pagoda Flower, Orange Tower Flower, Clerodendron). *Clerodendrum philippinum, Clerodendrum fragrans ... Clerodendrum inerme, Volkameria inermis (Wild Jasmine, Sorcerers Bush, Seaside clerodendrum, Clerodendron). *Clerodendrum ... Clerodendrum incisum, Clerodendrum macrosiphon, Rotheca incisa, Rotheca incisafolia (Musical Note, Morning Kiss, Clerodendron, ...
Clerodendrum Phlomidis) is very essential medicinal plant mentioned in texts since Vedic period. Agnimanth is a flowering plant ... Agnimantha (Clerodendrum Phlomidis) - Properties, Benefits, Uses & Dosage. DESCRIPTION OF AGNIMANTHA PLANT Agnimantha is very ... Chemical composition of Clerodendrum phlomidis contains pectolinarigenin, hispidium, cleodendrin, raffinosa etc. Premna ...
The Latin name of Arni tree is Clerodendrum multiflorum and it belongs to Verbenaceae family. Premna mucronata is another name ... Arni (Clerodendrum multiflorum) - Properties, Benefits, Uses & Dosage. Introduction. Arni is also known as Agnimantha in ... The Latin name of this tree is Clerodendrum multiflorum and it belongs to Verbenaceae family. Premna mucronata is another name ...
P. C. Fan, W. J. Huang, and L. C. Chiou, "Intractable chronic motor tics dramatically respond to Clerodendrum inerme (L) gaertn ... Clerodendrum inerme Leaf Extract Alleviates Animal Behaviors, Hyperlocomotion, and Prepulse Inhibition Disruptions, Mimicking ... Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn (CI). Her tics subsided 1 hour after taking this leaf juice. After taking the herb for 2 years ... responsive to the ground leaf juice of Clerodendrum inerme (CI). Here, we examined the effect of the ethanol extract of CI ...
Clerodendrum inerme Leaf Extract Alleviates Animal Behaviors, Hyperlocomotion, and Prepulse Inhibition Disruptions, Mimicking ... responsive to the ground leaf juice of Clerodendrum inerme (CI). Here, we examined the effect of the ethanol extract of CI ...
As Clerodendrum thomsoniae grows its thirst grows with it. A clerodendrum vine that occupies a three foot trellis can drink ... Growing tips from the Kemper Center for Home Gardening: Clerodendrum thomsoniae is a heavy feeder. To produce profuse flowers ... Clerodendrum thomsoniae, commonly called bleeding heart vine, is a twining evergreen shrub or vine. It usually blooms during ...
Where to find Clerodendrum Inerme extract? By tic2talk, March 26, 2015. in Tourette Syndrome and Tics ... I just had to sign up to this forum to let you all know that Clerodendrum inerme has dramatically helped my sons tics .It is ... Bonjour à tous, Oui, la plante Clerodendrum inerme agit de manière très efficace pour réduire les tics et autres comorbides. ... Please also do your own research to satisfy yourselves .... there is a wealth of information about Clerodendrum inerme on the ...
The method of preparation then is to grind 50 large leaves in 100 ml water. How much of the solution do you give and how often? Is it one tea spoon once a week? Trying to determine the dosage. ...
Clerodendrum minahassae (Fountain Clerodendrum, Clerodendron, Tube Flower). *Clerodendrum philippinum, Clerodendrum fragrans ... Clerodendrum calamitosum (White Butterfly Bush). *Clerodendrum heterophyllum, Clerodendrum aculeatum (Tree of little stars, ... Clerodendrum inerme, Volkameria inermis (Wild Jasmine, Sorcerers Bush, Seaside clerodendrum, Clerodendron). *Clerodendrum ... Clerodendrum quadriloculare (Winter Starburst, Fireworks, Clerodendron). *Clerodendrum sahelangii, Clerodendrum indicum, ...
Digitized images of microscopic slices of Clerodendrum sp. (SV488) plant structures that were stained and permanently mounted ...
BASIONYM: Clerodendrum fragrans Willdenow, var. pleniflorum Schauer 1847.. Clerodendrum philippinum var. simplex Clerodendrum ... BASIONYM: Clerodendrum fragrans Willdenow, var. multiplex Sweet 1827.. Clerodendrum philippinum forma pleniflorum Clerodendrum ... BASIONYM: Clerodendrum fragrans Willdenow, var. pleniflorum Schauer 1847.. Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum philippinum ... Clerodendrum fragrans Willdenow, var. multiplex Sweet, Hort. Brit. 1: 322. 1827.. Clerodendrum fragrans var. pleniflorum ...
Clerodendrum quadriloculare (Blanco)Merr. - STARBURST BUSH; SHOOTING STAR. Citation. Citation. CLERODENDRUM QUADRILOCULARE ( ... Clerodendrum blancoanum Clerodendrum blancoanum Fernández-Villar, in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3. 4: 161. 1880, nom. illegit.. ... Clerodendrum navesianum Clerodendrum navesianum Vidal, Cat. Met. Pl. Lenos. 398. 1880.. TYPE: PHILIPPINES:. ...
... and aqueous fractions of Clerodendrum volubile leaves were investigated in type 2 diabetic rats for their effect on glucose ... and aqueous fractions of Clerodendrum volubile leaves were investigated in type 2 diabetic rats for their effect on glucose ... Amongst such plants is Clerodendrum volubile of the Clerodendrum genus.. Often regarded as magic leaf, C. volubile is among the ... Suppressive Effects of Clerodendrum volubile P Beauv. [Labiatae] Methanolic Extract and Its Fractions on Type 2 Diabetes and ...
Clerodendrum infortunatum plants have been used as a source of medicine since ancient time. The major groups of chemical ... Thus, Clerodendrum infortunatum leaves appears to be an effective material for development of antimicrobial drugs. This work ... The present study was conducted to determine the antibacterial potency of Clerodendrum infortunatum leaves with two different ... an attempt for molecular docking studies of flavonoids and terpenoids present in Clerodendrum infortunatum with enoyl ACP ...
Clerodendrum, a flowering plant, belongs to family Lamiaceae. The aim of present study was to analyse phytochemicals from the ... Clerodendrum, a flowering plant, belongs to family Lamiaceae. The aim of present study was to analyse phytochemicals from the ... Chakraborthy GS, Mazumdar A, Singh S, Verma P (2013) Clerodendrum inerme: a review. Pharmacophore 4(6):230-232Google Scholar ... Chethana GS, Harivenkatesh KR, Gopinath SM (2013) Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Clerodendrum inerme. Int Res J of Pharm ...
Clerodendrum incisum /Musical Notes Clerodendron. Flowers in the shape of musical notes View Image (Full) ...
Clerodendrum sp. P. Phaosrichai 158. 120. 80207. Clerodendrum sp. P. Srisanga, M. Norsaengsri, W. La-ongsri & Htike San Soe M1- ... Clerodendrum sp. P. Phaosrichai, M. Wongnak, S. Wongwan & S. Sitthisuk 1060. 175. 110287. Clerodendrum sp. W. La-ongsri with P ... Clerodendrum sp. M. Norsaengsri, C. Lakoet & N. Tathana 9891. 101. 64120. Clerodendrum sp. W. La-ongsri, M. Norsaengsri, P. ... Clerodendrum sp. Jatupol K., C. Maknoi & Warintorn K. 819. 106. 69062. Clerodendrum sp. Jatupol K., C. Maknoi & Warintorn K. ...
Keywords: Clerodendrum viscosum, Verbenaceae, Antioxidant, Ascorbic acid, Antinociceptive, Swiss albino mice Abstract. The PDF ... Evaluation of Antioxidant and Antinociceptive Properties of Methanolic Extract of ,i,Clerodendrum viscosum,/i, Vent. * Md ... The methanolic extract of Clerodendrum viscosum vent. (Verbenaceae) was evaluated for in vitro antioxidant activity by ... The antioxidant and antinociceptive activities obtained seem to be in good accordance with the traditional uses of Clerodendrum ...
"Unveiling the complete genome sequence of clerodendrum chlorotic spot virus, a putative dichorhavirus infecting ornamental ... Chlorotic spots on Clerodendrum, a disease caused by a nuclear type of Brevipalpus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) transmitted virus ... Unveiling the complete genome sequence of clerodendrum chlorotic spot virus, a putative... Ramos-González, Pedro; Chabi-Jesus, ... The complete genome sequences of three isolates of the putative dichorhavirus clerodendrum chlorotic spot virus were determined ...
Clerodendrum thomsoniae - Plant information. Healthy Home Gardening, Pictures, Video and Information about Bleeding Glory-bower ... Comment: Bleeding Glory-bower, Bleeding-heart vine, Lagrima-de-Cristo, Clerodendrum thomsoniae ... Clerodendron thomsoniae is a species of Clerodendrum native to tropical west Africa from Cameroon west to Senegal. It is an ... are also often encountered but technically can refer to any of the roughly 400 species of Clerodendrum. In some regions it has ...
Clerodendrumic acid, a new Triterpenoid from Clerodendrum glabrum (Verbanaceae), and antimicrobial activities of fractions and ... Clerodendrumic acid, a new Triterpenoid from Clerodendrum glabrum (Verbanaceae), and antimicrobial activities of fractions and ... was isolated from the hexane extract of the leaves of Clerodendrum glabrum var. glabrum along with heptadecanoic acid (2). The ...
  • Clerodendrum (Glorybower) grows best in rich, moist, well draining soils and full sun to part afternoon shade. (garden.org)
  • Clerodendrum is a genus of flowering plants formerly placed in the family Verbenaceae, but now considered to belong to the Lamiaceae (mint) family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum bungei, commonly known as rose glory bower, glory flower or Mexican hydrangea (though not a true Hydrangea and not from Mexico), is a species of flowering plant in the deadnettle family, Lamiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum bungei is a species of plant in the family Lamiaceae . (eol.org)
  • Most members of the Lamiaceae genus Clerodendrum are native to the Old World tropics, but many have been cultivated and introduced as ornamentals elsewhere. (cabi.org)
  • Clerodendrum , a flowering plant, belongs to family Lamiaceae. (springer.com)
  • Previously, we found a patient with intractable motor tic disorder, a spectrum of Tourette syndrome (TS), responsive to the ground leaf juice of Clerodendrum inerme ( CI ). (hindawi.com)
  • In previous case study, we found that a 13 year-old girl who had suffered from intractable chronic motor tic disorders for more than 6 years responded dramatically to the grounded leaf juice of a local herb, Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn ( CI ). (hindawi.com)
  • Where to find Clerodendrum Inerme extract? (latitudes.org)
  • After years of research and tears,our prayers to Allah were answered when I came across the study on Clerodendrum Inerme for tics. (latitudes.org)
  • Hi everyone, Yes, the plant Clerodendrum inerme does work to reduce tics and other comorbids very effectively. (latitudes.org)
  • there is a wealth of information about Clerodendrum inerme on the Internet. (latitudes.org)
  • The major purpose of this study was to make a comparative account of the phytochemical constituents of healthy and symptomatic Clerodendrum inerme . (springer.com)
  • Chethana GS, Harivenkatesh KR, Gopinath SM (2013) Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Clerodendrum inerme . (springer.com)
  • Sonal, Gupta S., Prabha Y., Soni S.K. (2019) Comparative Analysis of Phytochemicals of Healthy and Symptomatic Clerodendrum inerme . (springer.com)
  • Synergistic Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt, Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn. (infectoforum.net)
  • Coccinia grandis, Clerodendrum inerme and Acanthus ebracteatus are used to treat skin con-ditions in Thai traditional medicine. (infectoforum.net)
  • Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic activity of mature leaves methanol extract of Clerodendrum inerme L.(Gaertn). (ajprd.com)
  • The Latin name of this tree is Clerodendrum multiflorum and it belongs to Verbenaceae family. (planetayurveda.com)
  • Ethnopharmacological relevance: Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz, a plant belonging to the Verbenaceae family, has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases in many Asian countries. (unamur.be)
  • Clerodendrum bungei is a deciduous shrub that grows up to 2 m in height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum bungei was discovered in 1831 by Russian botanist Alexander von Bunge in Beijing during his long scientific expedition in East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum bungei is native to Taiwan, Vietnam, and all the mainland provinces and autonomous regions of China except Jilin and Liaoning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum bungei was first introduced into Europe c. 1850 by Scottish plant collector Robert Fortune. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum bungei is noted for its suckering habit and rapid growth which allow it to form spreading colonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species name 'bungei' is in honor of the Russian collector and explorer Alexander von Bunge (1803-1890), who first described this species using the name Clerodendrum foetidum ( Stearn, 1992 ). (cabi.org)
  • Clerodendrum trichotomum is a common ornamental in warmer parts of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following species are cultivated in the UK: C. chinense C. splendens C. thomsoniae C. trichotomum Clerodendrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus and Endoclita sericeus. (wikipedia.org)
  • BASIONYM: Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunberg 1780. (usf.edu)
  • Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunberg, var. (usf.edu)
  • The tree I am referring to is called Japanese Clerodendrum, Peanut Butter Shrub, Harlequin Glory Bower, Clerodendrum trichotomum. (wildflower.org)
  • So, answering Problem No. 1, we're guessing that what you have is Clerodendrum trichotomum . (wildflower.org)
  • From Fine Gardening, here is an article on Clerodendrum trichotomum . (wildflower.org)
  • The type species for the genus is Clerodendrum infortunatum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regional revisions of Clerodendrum have been done for local floras, but the last monograph of the entire genus was by John Isaac Briquet in 1895. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2004, a study of DNA sequences showed that the monospecific Australian genus Huxleya was embedded in a clade of Clerodendrum species that had formerly been placed in Volkameria. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Clerodendrum was once a genus of over 400 species, [5] but by 2010, it had been narrowed to about 150. (eol.org)
  • Estimates of the number of species in Clerodendrum vary widely, from about 150 to about 450. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum was named by Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, a study of four chloroplast DNA intergenic spacers showed that part of Clerodendrum was closer to the New world genera than to other Clerodendrum, and that one species of Clerodendrum was nested within the clade of New World genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • As in other Clerodendrum species, the calyx is five-lobed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obviously the last picture on your Clerodendrum splendens page is not that species. (toptropicals.com)
  • Clerodendron thomsoniae is a species of Clerodendrum native to tropical west Africa from Cameroon west to Senegal. (healthyhomegardening.com)
  • terms like 'glory-bower', 'bagflower' or 'bleeding-heart vine' are also often encountered but technically can refer to any of the roughly 400 species of Clerodendrum. (healthyhomegardening.com)
  • As with many of the Clerodendrum species , the flower has outrageously long stamens that add to the flower's interest, as they extend outwards about 4 cm beyond the flower's corolla . (somemagneticislandplants.com.au)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb. (usda.gov)
  • Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of the aqueous fresh leaves extract of Clerodendrum capitatum in Wistar rats. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In this study, the antidiabetic effect of the methanolic extract, dichloromethane (DCM), butanol (BuOH) and aqueous fractions of Clerodendrum volubile leaves were investigated in type 2 diabetic rats for their effect on glucose homeostasis, serum insulin level and hepatic biomarkers, lipid profile, pancreatic redox balance and Ca 2+ levels, and β-cell distribution and function. (frontiersin.org)
  • Venkatanarasimman B, Rajeswari T, Padmapriya B (2012) Preliminary phytochemical screening of crude leaf extract of Clerodendrum Philippinum Schauer. (springer.com)
  • The methanolic extract of Clerodendrum viscosum vent. (banglajol.info)
  • 1) was isolated from the hexane extract of the leaves of Clerodendrum glabrum var. (up.ac.za)
  • The ethanolic extract of leaves of Clerodendrum infortunatum was prepared and analyzed for phytochemical constituents using standard method and evaluate scientifically the anti-diarrheal effect using leaves of Clerodendrum infortunatum by castor oil-inducing method. (innovareacademics.in)
  • Group-II was treated with loperamide 1 mg/kg body weight, Group-III and Group-IV were treated with ethanolic extract of leaves Clerodendrum infortunatum 200 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg body weight respectively. (innovareacademics.in)
  • The ethanolic extract of Clerodendrum infortunatum leaves given by oral route to mice at doses of 200 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg significantly showed antidiarrheal activity against castor oil induced diarrhea as compared with control group and standard. (innovareacademics.in)
  • The present study concluded that ethanolic extract of leaves of Clerodendrum infortunatum contain the high presence of phytochemical components and it showed that the leaves of Clerodendrum infortunatum having significant antidiarrheal activity. (innovareacademics.in)
  • This study was carried out to investigate the antinociceptive and antiinflammatory properties of the hydroethanolic leaf extract of Clerodendrum volubile (HeCV) in rodents. (scigreen.com)
  • Findings from this work indicates that the hydroethanolic leaf extract of Clerodendrum volubile possesses antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities possibly mediated via peripheral and central mechanisms involving the activation of dopaminergic receptor. (scigreen.com)
  • Aim of the study: The study aimed to evaluate anti-inflammatory properties of the ethanol extract from Clerodendrum cyrthophyllum Turcz leaves (EE-CC) through in vitro and in vivo models. (unamur.be)
  • Results revealed that the ethanol extract of Dodonaea angustifolia and Clerodendrum phlomidis showed maximum zone of inhibition compare to other solvent extracts. (ijddr.in)
  • 1. Hafiz I, Rosidah, Silalahi J. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of pagoda leaves (clerodendrum paniculatum l.) ethanolic extract in white male rats (Rattus novergicus). (ajprd.com)
  • Chronic anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of leaves of Clerodendrum viscosum by carrageenin induced paw oedema in Wistar albino rats. (ajprd.com)
  • 12. Phuneerub P, Limpanasithikul W, Palanuvej C, Ruangrungsi N. In vitro anti-inflammatory, mutagenic and antimutagenic activities of ethanolic extract of Clerodendrum paniculatum root. (ajprd.com)
  • Suppressive Effects of Clerodendrum volubile P Beauv. (frontiersin.org)
  • The leaf of Clerodendrum volubile is used in the Traditional African Medicine (TAM) in the treatment of various diseases including painful and inflammatory conditions. (scigreen.com)
  • Erukainure OL, Sanni O, Islam MS (2018) Clerodendrum volubile: phenolics and applications to health. (springer.com)
  • Lysosomal membrane stabilization and anti-inflammatory activity of Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f., a traditional medicinal plant. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Latha R, Fathima M, Dhanraj KM (2018) In Vitro Studies on the Antimicrobial Effect of Different Solvent Extracts of Dodonaea aungustifolia L. and Clerodendrum phlomidis L. Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. (ijddr.in)
  • The anti-microbial activity of different solvent extracts of Dodonaea angustifolia and Clerodendrum phlomidis against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas auergonisa and Staphylococcus aureus was studied. (ijddr.in)
  • Dodonaea angustifolia and Clerodendrum phlomidis were collected from the surroundings of Piranmalai hills. (ijddr.in)
  • The evaluation of antibacterial activity for different solvent extracts of Dodonaea angustifolia and Clerodendrum phlomidis was carried out using the agar well diffusion method. (ijddr.in)
  • The present investigation thus elucidated the anti-microbial potential of Dodonaea angustifolia and Clerodendrum phlomidis which could be used to combat microbial infections in mankind. (ijddr.in)
  • Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of root bark of Clerodendrum phlomidis in experimental models of inflammation. (ajprd.com)
  • 7. Hafiz I. The Phytochemical Screning and Assesment of Bioactivity of Pagoda Flower (Clerodendrum paniculatum L.) Using Brine Shrimp (Artemia salina) Lethality Assay. (ajprd.com)
  • In vitro and in vivo antiinflammatory activity of Clerodendrum paniculatum linn. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Screening for anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activity of Bharangi {Clerodendrum serrratum (Linn. (ajprd.com)
  • The results revealed the presence of pronounced antioxidant property as compared with ascorbic acid used as standard and a dose-dependent (250 and 500 mg/kg) analgesic effect in Clerodendrum viscosum vent. (banglajol.info)
  • The antioxidant and antinociceptive activities obtained seem to be in good accordance with the traditional uses of Clerodendrum viscosum . (banglajol.info)
  • The complete genome sequences of three isolates of the putative dichorhavirus clerodendrum chlorotic spot virus were determined using next-generation sequencing (Illumina) and traditional RT-PCR. (deepdyve.com)
  • Grind the leaves of Clerodendrum. (herbpathy.com)
  • Grind the roots and leaves of Clerodendrum plant to make paste. (herbpathy.com)
  • Chew fresh leaves of Clerodendrum to cure Liver related diseases. (herbpathy.com)
  • Crush leaves of Clerodendrum to obtain juice. (herbpathy.com)
  • Take fresh Clerodendrum ( Thuner ) Leaves. (herbpathy.com)
  • H(006) constipation, well dried fresh leaves of Clerodendrum umbellatum using fire pounded and homogenized in H2O, VO. (africamuseum.be)
  • H(068) anthelmintic, H(135) eupeptic, decoction of leaves of Clerodendrum umbellatum of Pyrenacantha staudtii.enema or VO. (africamuseum.be)
  • The beauty of Clerodendrum is as much in the heart-shaped leaves as in the fragrant flowers and subsequent blue-black berries they produce. (garden.org)
  • Striking, to say the least, Clerodendrum (Clerodendron) Quadriloculare is a fairly easy to grow evergreen shrub. (floridagardener.com)
  • Clerodendrum indicum is a semideciduous perennial plant. (ayurwiki.org)
  • Clerodendrum japonicum var. (usf.edu)
  • Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunberg) Sweet, var. (usf.edu)
  • Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer, in de Candolle, Prodr. (usf.edu)
  • Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer, forma multiplex (Sweet) Moldenke, Phytologia 41: 10. (usf.edu)
  • Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer, forma pleniflorum (Schauer) Moldenke, Phytologia 40: 260. (usf.edu)
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the larvicidal and pupicidal activity of Clerodendrum philippinum leaf extracts against disease causing vectors Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti . (phcogj.com)
  • Clerodendrum glabrum, Zanthoxylum capense and Milletia grandis extracts also yielded promising results. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 14. Clerodendrum Linnaeus, Sp. (efloras.org)
  • Clerodendrum fragrans Linnaeus, var. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Clerodendrum fragrans Willdenow, var. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Clerodendrum fragrans Willdenow 1809, nom. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Clerodendrum fargesii Dode 1907. (usf.edu)
  • Clerodendrum fistulosum and Clerodendrum myrmecophila have hollow stems that are inhabited by ants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ants on Clerodendrum infortunatum: Disentangling Effects of Larceny and Herbivory. (ncbs.res.in)
  • Make a decoction with bark and roots of Clerodendrum plant. (herbpathy.com)
  • Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck)Mabb. (usf.edu)
  • CLERODENDRUM CHINENSE (Osbeck) Mabberley, Plant-Book, reprint ed. 707. (usf.edu)
  • One of these, Clerodendrum macrostegium, suckers abundantly from the roots, often producing a thicket within a few years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenols, Flavonoids and LCMS Profile of Chamaecrista hildebrandtii (Vatke) Lock and Clerodendrum rotundifolium (Oliv. (ac.ke)
  • Clerodendrum and its relatives have an unusual pollination syndrome which avoids self-pollination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clerodendrum quadriloculare (Blanco)Merr. (usf.edu)