Clausena: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain anethole and CARBAZOLES.Pyranocoumarins: A type of COUMARINS with added pyran ring(s).Stomach Ulcer: Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).Amoebida: An order of ameboid protozoa that is commonly uninucleate and possess mitochondria. Most organisms are nonpathogenic.Pressure Ulcer: An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Anti-Ulcer Agents: Various agents with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate PEPTIC ULCER or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. This has included ANTIBIOTICS to treat HELICOBACTER INFECTIONS; HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS to reduce GASTRIC ACID secretion; and ANTACIDS for symptomatic relief.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.BangladeshPlant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Folklore: The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.Benzethonium: Bactericidal cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant used as a topical anti-infective agent. It is an ingredient in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, etc., and is used to disinfect apparatus, etc., in the food processing and pharmaceutical industries, in surgery, and also as a preservative. The compound is toxic orally as a result of neuromuscular blockade.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Balsams: Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.Perfume: A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.LacquerOils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Abies: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.Anti-HIV Agents: Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.Camphor: A bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action: Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY.Angiotensin Amide: The octapeptide amide of bovine angiotensin II used to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane: SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining cyclohexane rings but with a different configuration from the ARTEMISININS.Gymnema sylvestre: A plant species of the genus GYMNEMA that contains gymnemic acid (triterpene SAPONINS) which affects blood sugar level, and gurmarin protein. The common name of Gurmar should not be confused with Guar (CYAMOPSIS).Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Tephritidae: A large family of fruit flies in the order DIPTERA, comprising over 4,500 species in about 100 genera. They have patterned wings and brightly colored bodies and are found predominantly in the tropical latitudes.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Ceratitis capitata: A species of fruit fly originating in sub-Saharan Africa but widely distributed worldwide. One of the most destructive fruit pests, its larvae feed and develop on many different fruits and some vegetables.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Pueraria: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE a common weed of the southeast US. There has been folk use for alcoholism and liver protection. It contains puerarin, kakkalide, daidzein (isoflavonoids), and kudzusaponins (oleanene-type triterpene glycosides).FloridaFicus: A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. It is the source of the familiar fig fruit and the latex from this tree contains FICAIN.Hibiscus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.Passifloraceae: A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are herbaceous or woody vines, shrubs, and trees, mostly of warm regions. Many have tendrils in leaf axils. Leaves are alternate. Flowers have 3-5 sepals, petals and stamens. Nearly all species have seeds that bear a fleshy appendage called an aril.Sri LankaAfrica, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Poncirus: A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain ponfolin, a coumarin (COUMARINS).Clerodendrum: A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. Inerminosides (iridoid glycosides); colebroside A; STEROIDS; STEROLS; terpenoid glucosides; and abietane DITERPENES have been found in this genus.Rubiaceae: The Madder plant family of the order Rubiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida includes important medicinal plants that provide QUININE; IPECAC; and COFFEE. They have opposite leaves and interpetiolar stipules.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.

New monoterpenoid coumarins from Clausena anisum-olens. (1/14)

Two new monoterpenoid coumarins: anisucumarin A (1) and B (2), a pair of epimers, were isolated from Clausena anisum-olens. Their structures were established based on extensive spectroscopic analyses.  (+info)

Constituents from Clausena excavata. (2/14)

Three new coumarins containing a C(10) terpenoid side chain, clauslactones R - T (1 - 3), together with 14 known coumarins (4 - 17) and 11 known carbazole alkaloids (18 - 28), were isolated from the leaves and stems of Clausena excavata. Their structures were established by detailed spectroscopic analyses. Furthermore, the stereochemistry of 1 was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, which was the first example among coumarins with a C(10) terpenoid side chain. Additionally, compounds 22 and 27 were found to show moderate topoisomerase II inhibitory effects at 50 microM.  (+info)

A new O-terpenoidal coumarin from Clausena anisum-olens Merr. (3/14)

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Antioxidant and anticancer activities of wampee (Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels) peel. (4/14)

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Coumarins from Clausena anisum-olens Merr. (5/14)

Seven coumarins, including a new O-terpenoidal coumarin, named anisumarin (1), were isolated from Clausena anisum-olens Merr. The structure of this new coumarin was identified as 7-{(E)-4-[(4-acetoxymethyl-1,5-dihydro-5-oxo)-2H-furylium-2-yl]-3-methyl-2-buteno xy}-8-methoxycoumarin on the basis of an extensive spectroscopic analysis.  (+info)

Determination of a pyranocoumarin and three carbazole compounds in Clausena excavata by RP-HPLC. (6/14)

Clausenidin, O-methylmukonal, 3-formyl-2,7-dimethoxycarbazole, and clauszoline-J, isolated from the rhizomes and roots of Clausena excavata, exhibit anti-HIV-1 activity in a syncytial assay with EC(50) values of 5.3, 12.0, 29.1, and 34.2 microM, respectively. Due to the highly active anti-HIV-1 property, quantitative analysis of four compounds are investigated. The direct analysis of these four compounds in the crude extracts of the combined rhizomes and roots of Clausena excavata from ten various sources in Thailand by high-performance liquid chromatography is accomplished. Chromatographic separation is achieved on a C(18) column, and the mobile phase is a mixture of methanol and distilled water in a mode of isocratic or gradient elution detected at 254 nm at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min for clausenidin, at 274 nm at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min for O-methylmukonal, at 298 nm at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min for 3-formyl-2,7-dimethoxycarbazole, and at 242 nm at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min for clauszoline-J. This is the first quantitative analysis of these four anti-HIV-1 compounds from the crude extract without prior isolation and purification steps.  (+info)

Seed germination and seedling emergence of the invasive exotic species, Clausena excavata. (7/14)

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Evaluation of toxicity of plant extracts against vector of lymphatic filariasis, Culex quinquefasciatus. (8/14)

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Conventional insecticides are generally used as larvicides to control Culex quinquefasciatus, vector of lymphatic filariasis. This study was undertaken to evaluate the larvicidal activity of some potential larvicidal plants leaf extracts against Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae. METHODS: The toxic effects of petroleum ether leaf extracts of plants viz., Argemone mexicana (Mexican prickly poppy), Clausena dentata (Dentate), Cipadessa baccifera (Rana bili), Dodonaea angustifolia (Hop bush) and Melia dubia (Pride of India) were evaluated under laboratory conditions in individual and in combination against 3 rd - 4 th instar larvae of Cx. quinquefasciatus. RESULTS: The results indicated that among the selected plants, A. mexicana showed maximum larvicidal activity with an LC 50 value of 48.89 ppm. Its toxicity was enhanced when the extract was mixed (1:1) with that of C. dentata as the LC 50 value became 28.60 ppm indicating synergistic action of A. mexicana. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed high larvicidal potential in A. mexicana leaf extract, and it also showed additive effect when mixed with C. dentata extract.  (+info)

Clausena excavata (Lour.), locally known as "Kemantu hitam," is a common plant in Malaysian folklore medicine. This study evaluated the antioxidant properties of the solvent extracts of C. excavata leaves and determined the acute toxicity of methanolic extract C. excavata (MECE) leaves in Sprague-Dawley rats. Harvested leaves were dried and subjected to solvent extraction using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol in succession. The antioxidant activity of each extract was determined using the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl dihydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoids content (TFC) were estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu and ethanolic aluminium chloride method, respectively. The chloroform extract was found to be highest in flavonoid content, while the methanolic extract showed the highest TPC and antioxidant activity. There was no mortality in rats treated with MECE leaves even at a high ...
Gastric ulcers are common problems among individuals of all ages. Here we explored the potential anti-ulcer activity of a natural plant (C. excavata) against the development of gastric ulcer as well as progression of the condition in model rats. The methanolic extract of the plant showed promising preventive effects against ulcer development and resolution.
Shihan, T. R. (2016). Butterflies of Bangladesh- Site of Natural Histories of Bangladeshi Butterflies. https://butterfliesofbangladesh.blogspot.com/ Accessed on DD-MM- ...
All 13 plant extracts had some degree of activity against the 3 fungal pathogens used. Many authors consider activity of a plant extract with MIC higher than 0.1 mg/mL as not significant [16, 23]. Extracts from 8 of the 13 species with the exception of H. trifoliata, S. mitis, M. lanceolata, M. azedarach and C. dregei extracts had MIC values lower than 0.1 mg/mL. It may be interesting to correlate the anthelmintic activity of the extracts with their antifungal activity.. Clausena anisata extracts had the best activity with an MIC of 0.02 mg/mL. C. anisata extracts also had the best antifungal activity when plant extracts of Tanzanian plant species were examined with an MIC value of 1 mg/mL against C. albicans[24] compared to 0.63 mg/mL against the same pathogen in the current study. It is satisfying that the results are close despite the use of different extractants, different origins of the plants and different C. albicans isolates. The MIC activity of C. anisata found here 0.04 mg/mL ...
Clausena excavata (C. excavata) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of abdominal pain, enteritis, dysentery, and malaria. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of a 50% ethanol extract of C. excavata (ECE) on weight loss, adipocyte size, and obesity-related biochemical parameters in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. After 6 weeks of HFD + ECE administration, HFD-induced total fat, subcutaneous fat, and visceral fat were evaluated by micro-computed tomography. The serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TCH), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were evaluated with a biochemical analyzer, and leptin and adiponectin levels in the serum were assessed via enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA ...
H(070) rabies, bark of Clausena anisata, leaves of Sida rhombifolia, root of Cucumis ficifolius, bark root of Brucea antidysentrica powdered together and mixed in milk then drunk a cup of tea for three days in order to get cured from rabies disease ...
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The extensive biodiversity of plants in Southeast Asia and inadequate research hitherto warrant a continued investigation into medicinal plants. On the basis of a careful review of fresh medicinal plant usage to treat cancer from previous ethnobotanical interviews in Singapore and from the traditional uses of the indigenous plants, fresh leaves of seven locally grown medicinal plant species were evaluated for anti-proliferative activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the anti-proliferative activity of local medicinal plant species Clausena lansium Skeels, Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau, Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr., Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC., Strobilanthes crispus (L.) Blume, Vernonia amygdalina Delile and Vitex trifolia L. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Fresh, healthy and mature leaves of the seven medicinal plants were harvested from various locations in Singapore and Malaysia for Soxhlet, ultrasonication and maceration extractions in three different solvents ...
Invasive Exotic Species and Control Workshop (pdf link), 9 am to 3 pm, UF/IFAS Marion County Extension Auditorium, Ocala, FL. Join us to learn about identifying and controlling some of the most troublesome invasive exotic plants like cogongrass, Japanese climbing fern, Old World climbing fern, Chinese tallowtree and others. Well also address exotic animals, such as feral hogs, that are causing big headaches for forestry and agricultural producers. Earn pesticide applicator CEUs and forestry CFEs and connect with partnership and assistance opportunities! Presented by the Big Scrub Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area and Florida Forest Stewardship Program. $10 fee includes lunch and materials. Register at https://fsp-workshop042117.eventbrite.com/ or call Marion County Extension at (352) 671-8400 to reserve a space ...
problem plants, exotic plants, invasive plants, exotic invasive plants, invasive exotic plants, nonnative plants, non-native plants
Plant Disease 85:232.2-232.2...Plant Disease 85:232.2-232.2...First U.S. Report of Pseudocercospora paederiae Leaf Spot on the Invasive Exotic Paederia foetida...S. E. Walker and N. E. El-Gholl , Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, P. O. Box 147100, Gainesville 32614-7100 ; P. D. Pratt , USDA/ARS, Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, 3205 College Ave., Ft. Lauderdale, FL ; and T. S....
Plant and animal differences game. These Invasive & Exotic Species out-compete native plants and animals, resulting in a loss of Marylands biological biodiversity. Plants and animals operate the same way. Aquatic animals such as fish and crab use the dissolved air in the water breath. Click on the different biomes or areas below to learn about them and some of the adaptations plants have to live there: Species: Artificial Life, Real Evolution is a scientifically-accurate natural-selection video game. Plants. Some plants are protected by thorns and others, like milkweed, produce poison in order to protect themselves from animals. Animals of Asia. Sometimes the wildlife becomes a problem, either by hammering on the side of the house, digging a den under the front porch, or eating all of your brand new landscaping plants. DA. Desert environments are dry, so plants and animals that live here need special adaptations to get and save water. Rare plants Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage ...
We just provided you with a quick response, but we also had two additional requests for the identification of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys, an introduced invasive exotic species that often enters homes when cold weather sets in. Since it appears they may be multiplying in numbers, we suspect that come October, identification requests may increase, so we decided to feature the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug as the Bug of the Month for October 2010 and to use your letter and photos as the posting. ...
There are a number of more recent conservation biology theories that probably arent included in the act. One is a focus on identifying and combatting threatening processes, and or course the introduction of invasive exotic organisms is a major one in many systems. However, Id stop short at reducing other native but non-endangered species without detailed understanding of the ecology, unless the common species are truly at unnatural, plague population levels (were quite happy to shoot kangaroos in Australia ...
The Light Brown Apple Moth (LBAM) is an invasive exotic leafroller that feeds on a wide range of host crops in California. This year, it seems that heavy spring rains kept growers on the Central Coast from taking usual steps to control LBAM and, as a result, many LBAM larvae have hatched and higher than normal numbers of LBAM have been found, particularly in strawberries. LBAM Quarantines
herbicide is not agricultural, but instead for control of invasive exotic aquatic plants and the roots of other invasive plants near various pipes that contain water. A dilute solution of copper sulfate is used to treat aquarium fish of various parasitic infections, and is also used to remove snails from aquariums. However, as the copper ions are also highly toxic to the fish, care must be taken with the dosage. Most species of algae can be controlled with very low concentrations of copper sulfate. Copper sulfate inhibits growth of bacteria such as ...
Once a science fiction fantasy, the power to engineer DNA is now within reach. With that power comes complex and sometimes contentious questions about what can, and what should, be done to change ourselves and the world around us. Using a new genome editing technique, known as CRISPR/Cas9, scientists are exploring deletion, alteration, and addition of genes to a huge variety of organisms, from yeast to kumara, and from mosquitoes to dairy cattle. Perhaps most promising, but also most controversial, are the possible uses of the technology in humans.. Host Kim Hill is joined by bioethicist Josephine Johnston and a panel of experts to explore the implications of gene editing technologies for New Zealand.. Editing them out: The end for pests?. What will the risks and benefits be if gene editing technologies are engaged as a dominant means for pest control. For example, are there greater ramifications in developing gene drives to control and eradicate pests such as introduced wasps or invasive exotic ...
basionym of:Caricaceae Jacaratia heptaphylla (Vell.) A.DC. Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 15(1): 420. 1864 [early May 1864] Id: 674286-1 Version: 1.4 View Record history. View this record in TCS-RDF format. ...
Sometimes when you go to a Chiang Mai market you see longan-like fruits with a thin rind and a flesh composed of whitish segments like an orange. This species, Lansium domesticum (Meliaceae), can be divided into three main varieties.
W. Gaya Shivega and L. Aldrich-Wolfe. 2017. Native plants fare better against an introduced competitor with native soil microbes and lower nitrogen availability. AoB PLANTS 9(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plx004. Vink, S. N., N. R. Jordan, L. Aldrich-Wolfe, S. C. Huerd, C. C. Sheaffer and L. L. Kinkel. 2016. Soil conditioning affects interactions between native and invasive exotic perennials of semi-natural grassland agroecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology. (DOI): 10.1111/1365-2664.12823 Aldrich-Wolfe, L., S. E. Travers, and B. D. Nelson, Jr. 2015. Genetic variation of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from multiple crops in the north central United States. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0139188. (DOI)10.1371/journal.pone.0139188. Vink, S. N., N. R. Jordan, S. C. Huerd, C. C. Sheaffer, L. L. Kinkel, and L. Aldrich-Wolfe. 2015. Soil conditioning effects of native and exotic grassland perennials on the establishment of native and exotic plants. Plant and Soil 393(1-2): 335-349. ...
If ever I got to Florida, the Limpkin was the bird I most wanted to see. Highly specialized in its diet, the Limpkin subsists almost entirely upon Florida Apple Snails, which it can pluck from their shells in in 20 seconds. Its bill is specialized for the task, as it is compressed laterally like scissors, and its tongue is long, thin and barbed, the perfect tool for extracting the body of the snail. Nearly extirpated from Florida 100 years ago by hunting and drainage of its habitat, the Limpkins population has recovered. Of greatest concern is the threat to the native apple snail by competition from introduced Channeled and Island Apple Snails, and by invasive exotic vegetation that replaces the snails food sources.. Mary Lou and I finally got to see our first Limpkin in August, 2002. Our daughter and her husband had just moved to Florida, and we were visiting them from New Mexico. Responsive to our desire to see a Limpkin, they drove us to Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge in west Palm ...
ATCC holdings include genera such as Crithidia, Leishmania, Trypanosoma, Leptomonas, Euglena, Naegleria, Trichomonas, and Giardia.
ATCC holdings include genera such as Crithidia, Leishmania, Trypanosoma, Leptomonas, Euglena, Naegleria, Trichomonas, and Giardia.
Say Oh, my God, you look like shit! and this spider is likely to answer, Why, thank you!Add it to your list of species that evade potential predators by disguising themselves as bird poop.It comes from Australia-based photographer John Tiddy, via American conservation biologist John Karges. Tiddy found this bird-dropping spider, Celaenia excavata, on a…
Over the past 100 years, riparian vegetation communities throughout the Southwest United States have been extensively invaded by Tamara spp. (saltcedar). Saltcedar derives its common name from its physiological adaptation to excrete salts. Theproduction of Tamarix detritus with associated secondary chemicals may affect the qualityof aquatic invertebrate food and habitat resources. An alteration in food and habitat quality may affect the composition and structure of aquatic invertebrate assemblages.A series of experiments was conducted contrasting aquatic invertebrate assemblage densities, colonization rates, and growth rates associated with Tamarix versus native vegetation, Populus fremontii (cottonwood) and Salix exigua (willow), to determine ifaquatic invertebrate assemblages have been altered by the invasion of Tamarix. Results of invertebrate growth rates over 13 weeks indicate that Tamarix is minimally different in food quality to cottonwood and willow. I failed to find differences in ...
Lindera benzoin; Lauraceae (laurel family) Spicebush is underused as a landscape plant. Want a burst of yellow in early springtime, without contributing to the invasive exotic problem? Forget forsythia. Spicebush is a great shrub, pest-free, easy to establish, easy to grow. The leaves have a lovely scent (rather like allspice). Just look at how pretty…
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Magalhães, I.L.F.; Santos, A.J. 2011: Two new species and taxonomic notes on the Neotropical spiny orb-weaving spiders Micrathena and Chaetacis (Araneae: Araneidae), with remarks on the development of Micrathena excavata. Zootaxa, 2983: 39-56. Preview ...
A full service veterinary facility promoting the health and wellness of all exotic species of birds, small exotic mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
Abstract: Herbs/Botanical plants are considered as God s gift to human beings in the form of natural medicines, like the one well known Sanjeevani booti described in Hindu Mythology. The traditional and ethno-veterinary practices have been in use for centuries, transferring the knowledge from generation to generation and they are accessible, easy to prepare and administer, with little or no cost at all. Even though the modern developments in therapeutic field brought about a rapid decline in traditional medicine, the plant-based remedies are still having a crucial role as potential source of therapeutic aids in health systems all over the world for both humans and animals. Among the 21,000 medicinal plants listed by the World Health Organization (WHO), 2500 species are native to India, which stands first in the production of medicinal herbs. This innumerable treasure of medicinal herbs brings India the distinction of the botanical garden of the world . Nowadays immune-based therapies are gaining ...
Woodworking wtih many different domestic and exotic species can have irritative effects on your eyes, skin, and lungs. Some species may have allergic effects as well. This section will teach you basic first aid if you encounter these adverse effect.
Globalisation has led to a dramatic increase in trade and travel and exotic species are now being exchanged, either accidentally or deliberately, at unprecedented rates between geographically isolated
Results: Most respondents opined that urine therapy is effective in treating convulsion (50 %), viral infections (29.2 %), and rheumatic arthritis (14.6 %) in Nigeria. In South Africa respondents are of the view that urine is highly effective (28.6 %) in treating diarrhoea while 14.3 % stated that urine can treat fever, sore throat, skin infections. Bile is commonly used in treating general body pain and high blood pressure in Nigeria and used for skin burns in South Africa. Cow dung is specifically used in both countries as pesticides, fertilizers, anti-toxins and treating skin infections. This study documents the ethnoveterinary uses of B. taurus by-products by traditional practitioners in Nigeria and South Africa ...
Comparative genome analysis between two distantly related species allows the organization of genes to be traced from a common ancestor. When several genes are mapped in one species and these genes...
How do I prepare for a successful Peacock Bass fishing trip - Experience the best Peacock Bass & exotic species fishing in the Amazon.
Get Information of Forged Steel Globe Valves Manufacturers, Suppliers, Dealers, Exporters, Traders, Producers, Wholesalers, Forged Steel Globe Valves Companies in Sangli, India
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f. (as A. anisata Willd. or A. dentata Willd.) ... Clausena heptaphylla (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. ex Steud. (as A. heptaphylla Roxb. ex DC.) ...
Teclea pilosa (Engl.) Verdoorn Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth. (Clausena inaequalis (DC.) Benth.) Citropsis ...
Clausena lansium; Rutaceae) Wani (Mangifera caesia; Mangifera) Water apple (Syzygium aqueum; Myrtaceae) Watermelon (Citrullus ...
The larvae feed on Clausena species. The male is deep black, with a pure white median band, very narrow in forewing, very wide ...
Others that have been noted include Clausena heptaphylla. Papilio dravidarum is a member of the castor species group. The clade ...
The hostplant for the species is Clausena lansium. Phyllocnistis wampella Liu & Zeng, 1985 at the Global Taxonomic Database of ...
Cassipourea malosana (Baker) Alston Celtis africana Burm.f. Cissus cactiformis Gilg Cissus quadrangularis L. Clausena anisata ( ...
The larvae feed on Clausena, Toddalia and Clausena anisata. "Male as in ssp. echerioides, but black more sooty, median band ...
Citropsis (Engl.) Swingle & M.Kellerm - African orange cherry Citrus L. - Citrus Clausena Burm.f. Clymenia Swingle Cneoridium ...
The larvae feed on Clausena, Vepris, Calodendrum, Citrus, Fagara and Teclea species. Papilio cynorta is the nominal member of ...
The larvae feed on Vepris eugeniifolia, Teclea, Clausena, Zanthoxylum, Calodendrum, and Citrus species. Papilio desmondi ...
The larvae feed on Clausena anisata, Fagaropsis species, Rutaceaea, Teclea species, and Fagara macrophylla. Papilio lormieri is ...
The larvae feed on Teclea tricocarpa, Teclea stuhlmanni, Calodendrum, Citrus, Clausena, Fagara and Toddalia species. Papilio ...
It is also present in the essential oil obtained from nutmeg, Laurus nobilis and Clausena anisata. Thujene, a double bond ...
The ethonolic extracts from the bark of the tree Clausena heptaphylla, has shown to inhibit the growth of this fungus as well. ... antifungal and antioxidant activities of the ethanol extract of the stem bark of Clausena heptaphylla". BMC Complementary and ...
Clausena anisata and Syzygium anisatum. Estragole is used in perfumes and as a food additive for flavor. Upon treatment with ...
Aurantiaceae Genus: Atalantia, Triphasia, Limonia, Cookia, Murraya, Aglaia, Bergera, Clausena, Glycosmis, Feronia, Aegle, ...
The larvae feed on Clausena inqequalis, Calodendrum capense, Citrus species, Clausena anisata, Zanthoxylum capense and other ...
The larvae feed on Teclea nobilis, Teclea simplicifolia, Macrostylis villosa, Oriciopsis, Vepris, Calodendrum, Clausena, Citrus ...
The larvae feed on Clausena inaequalis, Toddalia lanceolata, Toddalia asiatica, Zanthoxylum capense, Zanthoxylum delagoense, ...
foveolatus Chrysanthemoides monilifera Clausena anisata Clematis brachiata Clutia affinis Colpoon compressum Cunonia capensis ...
The larvae feed on Vepris reflexa, Vepris lanceolata, Vepris undulata, Clausena species, Citrus species, Teclea trifoliatum, ...
A discontinuous canopy of smaller trees (less than 10 m) include Allophylus abyssinicus, Chionanthus mildbraedii, Clausena ...
... as is Clausena anisata. Flamini G, Cioni PL, Morelli I (2005). "Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of ...
The larvae feed on Citrus species, Clausena brevistyla, Limonia acidissima, Microcitrus garrawayae, Microcitrus inodora, ...
Clausena excavata (Lour.), locally known as "Kemantu hitam," is a common plant in Malaysian folklore medicine. This study ... View statistics for "Evaluation of antioxidant activity and acute toxicity of Clausena excavata leaves extract" ... Evaluation of antioxidant activity and acute toxicity of Clausena excavata leaves extract ... Evaluation of antioxidant activity and acute toxicity of Clausena excavata leaves extract. Evidence-Based Complementary and ...
Chinese clausena Clausena lenis Clausena luxurians Clausena poilanei Clausena smyrelliana Clausena wallichii "Clausena Burm.f ... Clausena austroindica Clausena brevistyla Clausena dentata Clausena engleri Clausena excavata Clausena harmandiana Clausena ... henryi Clausena heptaphylla Clausena indica Clausena inolida Clausena kanpurensis Clausena lansium- wampi, wampee, ... Species include: Clausena abyssinica Clausena anisata- horsewood Clausena anisum-olens (syn. C. sanki, nom. rejic.) ...
Flowering Clausena lansium in Hong Kong Unripe fruits on a Clausena lansium tree Clausena lansium seeds - the scale on the left ... Clausena lansium, also known as wampee or wampi (Clausena wampi), is a species of strongly scented evergreen trees 3-8 m tall, ...
Clausena longipes Craib Clausena nana (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. Clausena odorata C.C.Huang Clausena pobeguinii Pobeg. Clausena ... Clausena dentata var. robusta Yu.Tanaka Clausena dunniana H.Lév. Clausena dunniana var. robusta (Tanaka) C.C.Huang Clausena ... Clausena suffruticosa var. paucijuga Kurz Clausena vestita D.D.Tao Clausena wightii M.Roem. Clausena willdenowii Wight & Arn. ( ... T.Durand Clausena dentata (Willd.) M.Roem. Clausena dentata var. dunniana (H.Lév.) Swingle Clausena dentata var. nana (Roxb.) N ...
"Clausena brevistyla". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Retrieved 2017-03-21. "Clausena brevistyla Oliv". Atlas of Living ... Clausena brevistyla is a species of evergreen shrub to 6 m tall, in the citrus family Rutaceae. Found in New Guinea and ...
Clausena smyrelliana, commonly known as Smyrells clausena or Gregs wampi, is a species of evergreen shrub to 6 m tall, in the ... "Clausena smyrelliana P.I.Forst". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, ... "Clausena smyrelliana P.I.Forst". Atlas of Living Australia. ...
Clausena excavata is a species of evergreen shrub 1-2 m tall, in the family Rutaceae, native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, ...
Wampee (Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels) belongs to the family Rutaceae and is originated from Southern China. The fruit which ... Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities of Wampee (Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels) Peel. K. Nagendra Prasad,1 Jing Hao,1 Chun Yi ... Clausena lansium) seeds," Biological Chemistry, vol. 384, no. 2, pp. 289-293, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar ... "Hepatoprotective action of nine constituents isolated from the leaves of Clausena lansium in mice," Drug Development Research, ...
Isolation of seselin from Clausena anisata (Rutaceae) leaves and its effects on the feeding and development of Lucilia cuprina ... Isolation of seselin from Clausena anisata (Rutaceae) leaves and its effects on the feeding and development of Lucilia cuprina ... ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE : The leaves of Clausena anisata are used traditionally to expel maggots from wounds of animals ...
Prophylactic effects of Clausena excavata Burum. f. leaf extract in ethanol-induced gastric ulcers. Yusuf Abba, Shaymaa Fadhel ... Anti ulcer effects of Clausena excavata. What is it about?. Gastric ulcers are common problems among individuals of all ages. ...
Clausena heptaphylla- Pan Bilas/Pan Bahar/Pan Masala. Family- Rutaceae. Larval host plant of Papilio polytes and Papilio ...
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f. (as A. anisata Willd. or A. dentata Willd.) ... Clausena heptaphylla (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. ex Steud. (as A. heptaphylla Roxb. ex DC.) ...
Substances : Alchornea cordifolia, Clausena anisata, Elaeophorbia drupifera, Ficus, Ocimum gratissimum. Diseases : HIV ... Ocimum gratissimum, Ficus polita, Clausena anisata, Alchornea cordifolia, and Elaeophorbia drupifera are superior to the drug ...
Clausena harmandiana (Pierre) Guillaumin. Rutaceae. Song Fa. Fruits and flowers: 90% ethanol. MICs of 83.1 to ,100 µg/ml were ... Clausena excavate Burm. f.. Rutaceae. Sun Soak. Dentatin (1), nordentatin (2), clausenidin (3), O-methylated clausenidin (4), 3 ... Clausena guillauminii Tanaka. Rutaceae. Roots: acetone/fluroclausine A (1) and heptazoline (2) were obtained from the extract. ...
Clausena anisata (Willd) Hook (Rutaceae), Newbouldia laevis Seem (Bignoniaceae) and Polyscias fulva (Hiern) Harms (Araliaceae) ... Ito C, Itoigawa M, Aizawa K, Yoshida K, Ruangrungsi N, Furukawa H. Gamma-lactone carbazoles from Clausena anisata. J Nat Prod. ... Hypoglycaemic effect of Clausena anisata (Willd) Hook methanolic root extract in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;81(2):231-7. ... Ngadjui B, Mouncherou S, Ayafor J, Sondengam B, Tillequin F. Geranyl coumarins from Clausena anisata. Phytochemistry. 1991;30: ...
The total phenolic content of Artemisia afra, Clausena anisata, Cussonia spicata, Leonotis intermedia and Spirostachys africana ... The total phenolic contents of Artemisia afraClausena anisataCussonia spicataLeonotis intermedia and Spirostachys africana ...
Teclea pilosa (Engl.) Verdoorn Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth. (Clausena inaequalis (DC.) Benth.) Citropsis ...
Clausena lansium (wampi). Rutaceae. Other. Clivia miniata (kaffir lily). Liliaceae. Other. Coffea arabica (arabica coffee). ...
database: Rutaceae of North America Update; Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010 ...
Clausena lansium; Rutaceae) Wani (Mangifera caesia; Mangifera) Water apple (Syzygium aqueum; Myrtaceae) Watermelon (Citrullus ...
Clausena excavata exhibits anti-Hepatitis B virus activity and cytotoxicity against multi-drug resistant cancer cells. Aug 15, ...
Antioxidant and anticancer activities of wampee [Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels] peel. Journal of Biomedicine and ... Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels] peels. Food Chemistry. 2010, 118(1),62-66 103. K. Nagendra Prasad, Jing Hao, Chun Yi, Dandan ...
NATIVE WAMPEE,Clausena brevistyla,fruit tree,jam,citrus,spice,bush tucker,herb. Native Wampee is a coastal rainforest tree and ...
Clausena simplicifolia Dalzell; Cyminosma pedunculata (Linnaeus) Candolle; Gela lanceolata Loureiro; J. arborea (Blume) ...
The larvae feed on Clausena species. The male is deep black, with a pure white median band, very narrow in forewing, very wide ...
  • Final Public Statement on the Use of Herbal Medicinal Products Containing Estragole http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Scientific_guideline/2010/04/WC500089960.pdf SCF/CS/FLAV/FLAVOUR/6, 26 September 2001, Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Food on Estragole (1-Allyl-4-methoxybenzene)"Archived copy" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • H(051) paludism, decoction, hot water extract of roots barks of Clausena anista, VO. (africamuseum.be)
  • Its unique recipe of extracts from tropical plants including mahogany, clausena, gentain, crypotolepis and anissata, are carefully chosen for their well--‐known stimulating value. (kasapreko.com)