The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.
Learning algorithms which are a set of related supervised computer learning methods that analyze data and recognize patterns, and used for classification and regression analysis.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.
The World Health Organization's classification categories of health and health-related domains. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) consists of two lists: a list of body functions and structure, and a list of domains of activity and participation. The ICF also includes a list of environmental factors.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A general term covering bibliographical and bibliothecal classifications. It mostly refers to library CLASSIFICATION for arrangement of books and documents on the shelves. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p85)
Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The sum total of nursing activities which includes assessment (identifying needs), intervention (ministering to needs), and evaluation (validating the effectiveness of the help given).
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
A general term for various neoplastic diseases of the lymphoid tissue.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.
A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.
A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
Signal and data processing method that uses decomposition of wavelets to approximate, estimate, or compress signals with finite time and frequency domains. It represents a signal or data in terms of a fast decaying wavelet series from the original prototype wavelet, called the mother wavelet. This mathematical algorithm has been adopted widely in biomedical disciplines for data and signal processing in noise removal and audio/image compression (e.g., EEG and MRI).
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Leukemias were originally termed acute or chronic based on life expectancy but now are classified according to cellular maturity. Acute leukemias consist of predominately immature cells; chronic leukemias are composed of more mature cells. (From The Merck Manual, 2006)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A device used to detect airborne odors, gases, flavors, volatile substances or vapors.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
Genes whose abnormal expression, or MUTATION are associated with the development, growth, or progression of NEOPLASMS.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Composition of images of EARTH or other planets from data collected during SPACE FLIGHT by remote sensing instruments onboard SPACECRAFT. The satellite sensor systems measure and record absorbed, emitted, or reflected energy across the spectra, as well as global position and time.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
A neoplasm originating from thymic tissue, usually benign, and frequently encapsulated. Although it is occasionally invasive, metastases are extremely rare. It consists of any type of thymic epithelial cell as well as lymphocytes that are usually abundant. Malignant lymphomas that involve the thymus, e.g., lymphosarcoma, Hodgkin's disease (previously termed granulomatous thymoma), should not be regarded as thymoma. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Any of a group of malignant tumors of lymphoid tissue that differ from HODGKIN DISEASE, being more heterogeneous with respect to malignant cell lineage, clinical course, prognosis, and therapy. The only common feature among these tumors is the absence of giant REED-STERNBERG CELLS, a characteristic of Hodgkin's disease.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
The degree of 3-dimensional shape similarity between proteins. It can be an indication of distant AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and used for rational DRUG DESIGN.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
A particular type of FEMUR HEAD NECROSIS occurring in children, mainly male, with a course of four years or so.
Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Proteins whose abnormal expression (gain or loss) are associated with the development, growth, or progression of NEOPLASMS. Some neoplasm proteins are tumor antigens (ANTIGENS, NEOPLASM), i.e. they induce an immune reaction to their tumor. Many neoplasm proteins have been characterized and are used as tumor markers (BIOMARKERS, TUMOR) when they are detectable in cells and body fluids as monitors for the presence or growth of tumors. Abnormal expression of ONCOGENE PROTEINS is involved in neoplastic transformation, whereas the loss of expression of TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEINS is involved with the loss of growth control and progression of the neoplasm.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

HICLAS: a taxonomic database system for displaying and comparing biological classification and phylogenetic trees. (1/1056)

MOTIVATION: Numerous database management systems have been developed for processing various taxonomic data bases on biological classification or phylogenetic information. In this paper, we present an integrated system to deal with interacting classifications and phylogenies concerning particular taxonomic groups. RESULTS: An information-theoretic view (taxon view) has been applied to capture taxonomic concepts as taxonomic data entities. A data model which is suitable for supporting semantically interacting dynamic views of hierarchic classifications and a query method for interacting classifications have been developed. The concept of taxonomic view and the data model can also be expanded to carry phylogenetic information in phylogenetic trees. We have designed a prototype taxonomic database system called HICLAS (HIerarchical CLAssification System) based on the concept of taxon view, and the data models and query methods have been designed and implemented. This system can be effectively used in the taxonomic revisionary process, especially when databases are being constructed by specialists in particular groups, and the system can be used to compare classifications and phylogenetic trees. AVAILABILITY: Freely available at the WWW URL: http://aims.cps.msu.edu/hiclas/ CONTACT: [email protected]; [email protected]  (+info)

Genomic fingerprinting and development of a dendrogram for Brucella spp. isolated from seals, porpoises, and dolphins. (2/1056)

Genomic DNA from reference strains and biovars of the genus Brucella was analyzed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Fingerprints were compared to estimate genetic relatedness among the strains and to obtain information on evolutionary relationships. Electrophoresis of DNA digested with the restriction endonuclease XbaI produced fragment profiles for the reference type strains that distinguished these strains to the level of species. Included in this study were strains isolated from marine mammals. The PFGE profiles from these strains were compared with those obtained from the reference strains and biovars. Isolates from dolphins had similar profiles that were distinct from profiles of Brucella isolates from seals and porpoises. Distance matrix analyses were used to produce a dendrogram. Biovars of B. abortus were clustered together in the dendrogram; similar clusters were shown for biovars of B. melitensis and for biovars of B. suis. Brucella ovis, B. canis, and B. neotomae differed from each other and from B. abortus, B. melitensis, and B. suis. The relationship between B. abortus strain RB51 and other Brucella biovars was compared because this strain has replaced B. abortus strain 19 for use as a live vaccine in cattle and possibly in bison and elk. These results support the current taxonomy of Brucella species and the designation of an additional genomic group(s) of Brucella. The PFGE analysis in conjunction with distance matrix analysis was a useful tool for calculating genetic relatedness among the Brucella species.  (+info)

Numerical taxonomy of some yellow-pigmented bacteria isolated from plants. (3/1056)

Phenetic data on over 60 heterotrophic, Gram-negative, yellow chromogenic bacteria from plant material were collected and analysed using numerical taxonomic methods. Marker strains representing 42 taxa were included in the analyses. At similarity levels of 80% or above, eight distinct clusters were obtained, the first four of which included yellow chromogens. Custer I contained isolates from green healthy leaves of Agrostis tenuis, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanata, Lolium perenne and Poa pratensis, and clusters 2 and 3 consisted of isolates from Holcus lanata seeds and leaves of P. pratensis respectively. Cluster 4 contained seven subgroups and was equated with the family Enterobacteriaceae. Erwinia herbicola strains from a variety of sources formed a homogeneous subgroup, readily distinguishable from authentic strains of E. amylovora, E. carotovora, other representative erwiniae, and from all other enterobacteria studied. These data emphasize the heterogeneous nature of yellow-pigmented bacteria from plants, and support the inclusion of E. herbicola and other Erwinia species in the Enterobacteriaceae.  (+info)

Evidence on the origin of cassava: phylogeography of Manihot esculenta. (4/1056)

Cassava (Manihot esculenta subsp. esculenta) is a staple crop with great economic importance worldwide, yet its evolutionary and geographical origins have remained unresolved and controversial. We have investigated this crop's domestication in a phylogeographic study based on the single-copy nuclear gene glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3pdh). The G3pdh locus provides high levels of noncoding sequence variation in cassava and its wild relatives, with 28 haplotypes identified among 212 individuals (424 alleles) examined. These data represent one of the first uses of a single-copy nuclear gene in a plant phylogeographic study and yield several important insights into cassava's evolutionary origin: (i) cassava was likely domesticated from wild M. esculenta populations along the southern border of the Amazon basin; (ii) the crop does not seem to be derived from several progenitor species, as previously proposed; and (iii) cassava does not share haplotypes with Manihot pruinosa, a closely related, potentially hybridizing species. These findings provide the clearest picture to date on cassava's origin. When considered in a genealogical context, relationships among the G3pdh haplotypes are incongruent with taxonomic boundaries, both within M. esculenta and at the interspecific level; this incongruence is probably a result of lineage sorting among these recently diverged taxa. Although phylogeographic studies in animals have provided many new evolutionary insights, application of phylogeography in plants has been hampered by difficulty in obtaining phylogenetically informative intraspecific variation. This study demonstrates that single-copy nuclear genes can provide a useful source of informative variation in plants.  (+info)

Zebrafish in context: uses of a laboratory model in comparative studies. (5/1056)

With the recent interest in the reintegration of evolutionary and developmental biology has come a growing need for understanding the phylogenetic relations and degree of generality of the model organisms upon which we rely so heavily. In vertebrate biology the zebrafish Danio rerio has become a paradigmatic system for studies at levels of organization from molecular to interspecific. Studies of model systems in development are often techniques-driven rather than questions-based; however, informative hypotheses for developmental research can be derived from phylogenetic distributions of characters. With some understanding of how general the characters of interest are, a thoughtful comparison of the requirements of the questions with the lists of available embryos, reagents, and protocols can guide choices of new vertebrate models. We describe here the phylogenetic placement of zebrafish within the vertebrate world and discuss how generally observations on zebrafish can be taken to apply. We outline a practical protocol for investigating development in a comparative context, illustrated with an example from an ongoing study of teleost tail fin evolution. The principles and procedures presented here apply equally well to any comparative study with an interest in evolution, at any level of phylogeny from intraspecific studies to comparisons across phyla.  (+info)

Proposal for a standardized temporal scheme of biological classification for extant species. (6/1056)

With respect to conveying useful comparative information, current biological classifications are seriously flawed because they fail to (i) standardize criteria for taxonomic ranking and (ii) equilibrate assignments of taxonomic rank across disparate kinds of organisms. In principle, these problems could be rectified by adopting a universal taxonomic yardstick based on absolute dates of the nodes in evolutionary trees. By using procedures of temporal banding described herein, a simple philosophy of biological classification is proposed that would retain a manageable number of categorical ranks yet apply them in standardized fashion to time-dated phylogenies. The phylogenetic knowledge required for a time-standardized nomenclature arguably may emerge in the foreseeable future from vast increases in multilocus DNA sequence information (coupled with continued attention to phylogeny estimation from traditional systematic data). By someday encapsulating time-dated phylogenies in a familiar yet modified hierarchical ranking scheme, a temporal-banding approach would improve the comparative information content of biological classifications.  (+info)

The classification of smile patterns. (7/1056)

Although "smile therapy" is still in its infancy, society has already placed a great demand on dentists to evaluate and treat smiles. The smile classification scheme and vocabulary presented in this article will aid in discussions between patient and dentist regarding esthetic treatment.  (+info)

An ontology for bioinformatics applications. (8/1056)

MOTIVATION: An ontology of biological terminology provides a model of biological concepts that can be used to form a semantic framework for many data storage, retrieval and analysis tasks. Such a semantic framework could be used to underpin a range of important bioinformatics tasks, such as the querying of heterogeneous bioinformatics sources or the systematic annotation of experimental results. RESULTS: This paper provides an overview of an ontology [the Transparent Access to Multiple Biological Information Sources (TAMBIS) ontology or TaO] that describes a wide range of bioinformatics concepts. The present paper describes the mechanisms used for delivering the ontology and discusses the ontology's design and organization, which are crucial for maintaining the coherence of a large collection of concepts and their relationships. AVAILABILITY: The TAMBIS system, which uses a subset of the TaO described here, is accessible over the Web via http://img.cs.man.ac.uk/tambis (although in the first instance, we will use a password mechanism to limit the load on our server). The complete model is also available on the Web at the above URL.  (+info)

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Scientific names of different types of snails varies. The link below categories the varies snail species and their scientific names.. ...
Scientific names are labels used in place of lengthy descriptions. A scientific name corresponds to a set of formally defined attributes. The meanings of scientific names are internationally understood. Vernacular names or common names are also labels. Vernacular names seen in medical publications include fungi, prokaryotes, meningococcus, and St Johns wort. Vernacular names cannot be assumed to correspond to formally defined sets of attributes and vary by region and language. In scientific writing, scientific names should be used when the labeled entity verifiably corresponds to the set of attributes associated with the scientific name, at least at first mention. Subsequently
Scientific names are labels used in place of lengthy descriptions. A scientific name corresponds to a set of formally defined attributes. The meanings of scientific names are internationally understood. Vernacular names or common names are also labels. Vernacular names seen in medical publications include fungi, prokaryotes, meningococcus, and St Johns wort. Vernacular names cannot be assumed to correspond to formally defined sets of attributes and vary by region and language. In scientific writing, scientific names should be used when the labeled entity verifiably corresponds to the set of attributes associated with the scientific name, at least at first mention. Subsequently
This semester, in BIOS 101, I asked my students to actually go to the library, handle primary literature (bound journals) in biology, select a paper from the year they were born, select a scientific name from that paper, then photocopy the paper as material for their extemporaneous Friday writings this semester. The name is their organism for the semester, and they will spend the rest of their lives (at least the next 15 weeks) using that name in various ways. This is the first time in UNL history in which well over a hundred freshmen have gone to the library, actually handled real paper publications, primary literature, during their first few days at the university ...
Get an answer for What is another/scientific name for the brain?My science teacher asked us this question and I mightve gotten the question wrong but I think he said something that started with neur-. Thanks! and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes
Core set of scientific names updated daily from MycoBank.org. Users cannot add records to this database, but can update data fields, including synonymy ...
Find the fascicles article Early scientific names of Amphibia Anura I. Introduction on the website of Scientific Publications of the Muséum national dHistoire naturelle, Paris
Play, streaming, watch and download 10 Ridiculous Scientific Names video (08:07) , you can convert to mp4, 3gp, m4a for free. There arent as many rules to naming a scientific discovery
Oxyuris equi is the scientific name for the pin worm. Adult pinworms, Oxyuris equi, are more common in horses <18 mo old and are found primarily in the terminal portion of the large intestine. The females are 7.5–15 cm long; males are smaller and fewer in number. The gravid females pass toward the rectum to lay their eggs, “cementing” them to the perineum around the anus. Masses of eggs and cement around the anus appear as a white to yellow, crusty mass. The eggs, which - ProProfs Discuss
uBio is a networked information service for biological information resources. This service is based upon the Taxonomic Name Server (TNS), a thesaurus of taxonomic information.
uBio is a networked information service for biological information resources. This service is based upon the Taxonomic Name Server (TNS), a thesaurus of taxonomic information.
Devon Rhodes Amoeba Sisters Video Recap: Dichotomous Keys with Scientific Names Discover the correct scientific names for the mystery organisms in the above chart by using the dichotomous key below. Amoeba, also spelled as Ameba, is a genus that belongs to protozoa, which are unicellular eukaryotes (organisms with membrane-bound cell organelles). Reports: NFL star under criminal investigation in Colo. Trump businesses in hole even before riot fallout, Russia makes military move with Biden set to take office, Karl-Anthony Towns tests positive for coronavirus. Antonyms for Amoeba (genus). If the T-Rex is the ancestor of Chickens, then is the Spinosaurus the ancestor of Ducks???? Amoeba (also spelled ameba) is a genus of protozoa that moves by means of temporary projections called pseudopods (false feet), and is well-known as a representative unicellular organism. Proyecto Agua cc-by-nc-sa Amoeba includes 4 children: Amoeba agilis Kirk 1906; Amoeba biddulphiae; Amoeba leningradensis; Amoeba ...
syn. or synonym A scientific name that applies to a taxon that now goes by a different scientific name. Synonyms may arise whenever the same taxon is described and named more than once, independently. They may also arise when existing taxa are changed, as when two taxa are joined to become one, a species is moved to a different genus, a variety is moved to a different species, etc. A synonym is always the synonym of a different scientific name and cannot exist in isolation. One taxon may have several synonyms, but can only have one valid scientific name. An example of this is the domestic dog. It was originally described as Canis aegyptius. Some years later it was redescribed as Canis minor (and several other names), and today it is named Canis lupus familiaris. Hence both Canis aegyptius and Canis minor are synonyms of the now valid scientific name Canis lupus familiaris - but they all apply to the same taxon ...
A new dinosaurian taxon currently hitting the blogosphere is a ceratopsian dinosaur on exhibit at the Sam Noble Museum of Natural History in Norman, OK. Norman hosted the annual SVP meeting less than a decade ago and many of us got to see this monster up close, it is quite amazing. A recent blog post on this manuscript over at Love in the Time of Chasmosaurs (one of the best dino news blogs out there IMO, and thus this is not a critique of that post or the site) states that this new specimen has been published this week in the journal Cretaceous Research. However, a visit to the journal website shows that this paper is not in the most recent paper copy of the journal, nor is it even a finished paper published online in advance of print. Instead it is currently only an accepted manuscript and still has to go through the steps of being assigned to a journal issue, not to mention the final proof stage. Thus this new taxonomic name is still pretty far out from the final publication stage. How far? ...
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Strangely enough, I wrote about the Daddy Longlegs thing just yesterday! I certainly agree with everything you say, although Id never heard Echinacea. Why? Because I know almost nothing of flowers and, more importantly, Im not endemic to eastern and central North America (Wikipedia).. Itd be really hard for me to use scientific names frequently enough. Thats partly why I like to know what they mean, I can connect Echinoderm with Echinacea and know its spiny in some way. It can become descriptive in a similar way that common names so often are and start telling a story rather than just being some annoying old language.. Yeh, when I say basically useless I really mean that they usually mean approximately nothing to me and theres no reason to remember it or people around who would know what Im talking about. Im mostly interested for the Latin itself because a friend and I find etymology an interesting subject down the pub.. ...
Strangely enough, I wrote about the Daddy Longlegs thing just yesterday! I certainly agree with everything you say, although Id never heard Echinacea. Why? Because I know almost nothing of flowers and, more importantly, Im not endemic to eastern and central North America (Wikipedia).. Itd be really hard for me to use scientific names frequently enough. Thats partly why I like to know what they mean, I can connect Echinoderm with Echinacea and know its spiny in some way. It can become descriptive in a similar way that common names so often are and start telling a story rather than just being some annoying old language.. Yeh, when I say basically useless I really mean that they usually mean approximately nothing to me and theres no reason to remember it or people around who would know what Im talking about. Im mostly interested for the Latin itself because a friend and I find etymology an interesting subject down the pub.. ...
Plants with the common names Virginia cowslip and Virginia bluebells both have the scientific name Mertensia virginica. Native to the eastern part of North America, these perennial wildflowers...
The scientific name for a maple tree is an Acer, and a leaf from this tree is called an Acer leaf. With about 128 different species of maples, the leaves vary in arrangement, compounds and leaflets....
Nepali medicine with their scientific name - Chaupadi, a Nepali tradition, turns menstruating women .... Fat burning LIPO-6. We provides discount Herbal health and beauty products made in USA. Find on-line health supplements and Herbal beauty products here.
Search for a plant species using either the scientific name or common name, then click Search Database. All the species represented on this web site can be found using this search facility. The search will include synonyms. Please enter either all or part of the species name in the relevant box. You can choose to fill in just one of the fields or both.. Searching using both fields:. If you choose the OR option (set as the default option) and fill in both scientific name and common name you will get results that contain either of your criteria. For example, putting silene in the Latin name box and white in the common name box will retrieve a list of all species with either silene in their name or white in their name.. If you choose the AND option and fill in both scientific name and common name you will get results that contain both of your criteria. For example, putting silene in the Latin name box and white in the common name box will retrieve only those species with both ...
Search for a plant species using either the scientific name or common name, then click Search Database. All the species represented on this web site can be found using this search facility. The search will include synonyms. Please enter either all or part of the species name in the relevant box. You can choose to fill in just one of the fields or both.. Searching using both fields:. If you choose the OR option (set as the default option) and fill in both scientific name and common name you will get results that contain either of your criteria. For example, putting silene in the Latin name box and white in the common name box will retrieve a list of all species with either silene in their name or white in their name.. If you choose the AND option and fill in both scientific name and common name you will get results that contain both of your criteria. For example, putting silene in the Latin name box and white in the common name box will retrieve only those species with both ...
DESCRIPTION: Smithsonians Department of Entomology is engaged in inventorying all species in the collection; we estimate that we have 400,000-450,000 species. This inventory will help us to better manage the collections and account for our holdings. This inventory will be performed in three passes: pre-capture preparation of the collection, standardization of records, and digital imaging of representative specimens. Interns will focus on the first phase; checking and updating scientific names against current classification, labeling storage units with current names and capture of the basic taxonomic information into a template: Family, genus and species names; Author and Year of publication.. QUALIFICATIONS: Familiar with basic nomenclature and insect taxonomy in order to use taxonomic catalogs and checklists, both printed and electronic; handling of delicate specimens; basic knowledge of data entry in excel.. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: The intern will learn insect nomenclature and gain a better ...
Numerical taxonomy is a classification system in biological systematics which deals with the grouping by numerical methods of taxonomic units based on their character states. It aims to create a taxonomy using numeric algorithms like cluster analysis rather than using subjective evaluation of their properties. The concept was first developed by Robert R. Sokal and Peter H. A. Sneath in 1963 and later elaborated by the same authors. They divided the field into phenetics in which classifications are formed based on the patterns of overall similarities and cladistics in which classifications are based on the branching patterns of the estimated evolutionary history of the taxa.In recent years many authors treat numerical taxonomy and phenetics as synonyms despite the distinctions made by those authors.[citation needed] Although intended as an objective method, in practice the choice and implicit or explicit weighting of characteristics is influenced by available data and research interests of the ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
Citation: Robbertse, B., Schoch, C.L., Robert, V., Duong, V., Cardinali, G., Irinyi, L., Meyer, W., Kurtzman, C.P., Lodge, D., Nakasone, K., et al. 2014. Finding needles in haystacks: linking scientific names, reference specimens and molecular data for Fungi. Database: The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation. DOI: 10.1093/database/bau061. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: DNA phylogenetic comparisons have shown that morphology-based species recognition often underestimates fungal diversity. Therefore, the need for accurate DNA sequence data, tied to both correct taxonomic names and clearly annotated specimen data has never been greater. Furthermore, the growing number of molecular ecology projects employing high-throughput sequencing require fast and effective methods for en masse species assignments. In this paper we focus on selecting and re-annotating a set of marker reference sequences that represent each currently accepted order of Fungi. The particular focus is on ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
So why do scientists keep changing plants names? The answer is actually pretty simple: because we have learned more about the family tree (i.e., evolutionary relationships) of the plants in question and seek to reflect that knowledge in our scientific naming of the plants. We could of course keep knowledge about relationships and names separate, but biologists have almost unanimously agreed that we should use the scientific names of organisms to convey information about relationships. Interestingly, by following a few simple rules in assigning scientific names to organisms, we can do this quite readily. Here we have the culprit: because we are directed to depict patterns of evolutionary relationship when naming organisms, names sometimes must change as our knowledge of relationships grows. Thus the fact that the names of our monkeyflowers have changed to Erythranthe and Diplacus alerts us that modern work to understand the evolutionary history of the genus Mimulus has revealed that all ...
The Group Search allows you to search the ToL names database. This database stores the valid scientific names as well as other names by which the group may be know, such as synonyms or common names. Scientific names will generally yield more reliable results, but many Tree of Life pages are now also indexed with the common names of the organisms. The Group Search will not return all pages on which a given group is mentioned. Rather, it will find only the branch or leaf page that focuses on this particular group as well as the branch page that contains this group as a subgroup in the tree or taxon list. By doing a Text Search, you may find additional information in the text of ToL pages focusing on other groups. To find any and all information about a given group on the ToL site, use the general search field in the upper right corner of the page. Searches are not case sensitive, so a search for Dinosauria is the same as a search for dinosauria. If your search does not come up with the groups you ...
Monofixation syndrome is a form of subnormal binocular vision without bifixation characterized by small-angle strabismus, unilateral absolute facultative central suppression scotoma of less than 3º, and peripheral fusion. While monofixation syndrome can be a primary disorder of binocular vision, it is more commonly a secondary sensory status ...
Discover the botanical name of Jasmine. Explore the various varieties of this plant as well as their botanical names only on BYJUS Biology
Blood root was a Native American cure all, used to stimulate the bodies ability to heal itself. In my PhD research, I found that these uses were warranted and that blood root needed to be studied for its ability to stimulate well being and general health!
The buckeye is a relative of the European horsechestnut, and the Eclectic physicians used it for similar purposes; vein troubles. However, they also said it was stronger and a narcotic. Currently a retired remedy, this one needs some contemporary review before it gets put back into use.
Hatomugi is an annual grass, indigenous to South Asia, that was introduced to Japan 1200 years ago. The grain is used to make a building porridge, a oatmeal like substance that puts some turbo into a persons recovery, whether that be from surgery or from the common cold. When healing is required, jobs tears should be cooking in the kitchen.
So, we have determined that dove is evil, and so is st.ives scrub. Gotta wonder about other stives products and cross contamination and other scientific names. So what shampoos, bodywashes, facial products, cosmetics, hand soaps are free of tree nuts (peanuts, milk, eggs)? I have been impressed with avons labeling in the past. Scientific names are usually followed by brackets containing the common term. I use revlon makeup, they label, however I now need to check for scientific names ...
Taxonomy: For all marine species, Project Gastropods uses the taxonomy in the online database WoRMS. When starting a new article, do not use sources of taxonomic information that predate the 2005 revision for all gastropod groups. If you need help with any aspect of an article, please leave a note at the Project talk page ...
Background: The course of COPD is frequently aggravated by exacerbations. New molecular techniques have suggested that many bacterial groups, not only the common COPD pathogens, could trigger the exacerbations.. Objective: to analyze the microbial community and the gene content of samples obtained during stability and exacerbation of COPD patients.. Method: 16S rRNA was pyrosequenced to obtain the taxonomic information. The metabolic information was obtained with the Metagenomics RAST server (MG-RAST) with KEGG database.. Results: 8 severe COPD patients were included. At genus level, 68 different OTUs were found. No significant differences in the relative abundance of any of the detected genera were found between stability and exacerbation. Bacterial biodiversity, measured with Chao1 and Shannon indexes, showed no significant differences either. Beta-diversity analysis with Bray-Curtis index showed that the microbial composition was similar in both clinical situations (Adonis test R2= 0.02 p= ...
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Tripos Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=494057 on 2018-03-23 ...
Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Antithamnion boreale f. lapponicum (Ruprecht) Kjellman, 1883. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=554068 on 2017-12- ...
Introduction. Brand Name: Generics only. Constituents - Gallic acid, tannin, resin, sugar, arbutin, ericalin. This is where the fun starts. Science On the science side of Uva-Ursi, part of the picture is well known. Scientific Name: Arctostaphyllus uva-ursi: Common Name: Bearberry, Kinninnick: Description of facts and concepts: This circumpolar evergreen groundcover produces tiny flowers and red berries. The domestic employment of the drug introduced it to American medicine, Drs. Leaves are obovate, and smooth edged. parvifolia Lange: Classification. Therapy - It is curative in ulceration of the bladder wall, in cystitis, in pyelitis and in pyelonephritis. For these purposes, as based on its domestic employment, the plant has its professional record, but it has never been very important. Something like Uva-Ursi, on the other hand, often helps reduce post infection discomfort. Arbutin may be given to the extent of 10 or 15 grains a day, usually mixed with sugar. It develops over time, according ...
ASTM International Committee on Vehicle Pavement Systems Honors Kevin McGhee with Tilton E. Shelbourne Memorial Award - ASTM International
International Committee on Mental Health in Cystic Fibrosis: CFF and ECFS consensus statements for screening and treating depression and ...
0033] In particular, the concept discovery component 312 may implement an user interface 400 as illustrated in FIG. 4. The interface 400 may comprise a semi-automated, so-called ontology editor such as OntoGen (available at http://ontogen.ijs.si/). The OntoGen editor permits the discovery and editing of topic ontologies (i.e., a set of topics or concepts connected with each other via different types of relations) based on a corpus of documents. Using text-mining and clustering techniques, the OntoGen editor analyzes the corpus of documents (e.g., the natural language text 304) to suggest the existence of specific concepts in the documents. The OntoGen editor can display the discovered concepts as points on a two-dimensional map, e.g., the user interface 400 of FIG. 4. As shown, characteristic keywords of the discovered concepts are displayed at certain points (indicated by the + signs) on the map. The relative proximity of (or distance between) different points on the map corresponds to the ...
Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all living European land and freshwater animals, their geographical distribution at country level (up to the Urals, excluding the Caucasus region), and some additional information. The Fauna Europaea project covers about 230,000 taxonomic names, including 130,000 accepted species and 14,000 accepted subspecies. This represents a huge effort by more than 400 contributing specialists throughout Europe and is a unique (standard) reference suitable for many users in science, government, industry, nature conservation and education. Hymenoptera is one of the four largest orders of insects, with about 130,000 described species. In the Fauna Europaea database, Hymenoptera - Apocrita (excluding Ichneumonoidea) comprises 13 superfamilies, 52 families, 91 subfamilies, 38 tribes and 13,211 species. The paper includes a complete list of taxa dealt with, the number of species in each and the name of the
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
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How were these little people named? Authors Chanteau and Tour explain, in science-talk.Accepted common names such as cubane, dodecahedrane, housane, and chair-form describe the constitution or conformation of cycloalkanes while buckminsterfullerene expresses chemical structure by its relation to the artisan that built macroscopic analogues. Utilizing such a license, the anthropomorphic molecules here are dubbed, as a class, NanoPutians, following the lead of the Lilliputians in Jonathan Swifts classic, Gullivers Travels.They admit to taking liberties with the drawings, but maintain, The liberties we take with the nonequilibrium conformational drawings are only minor when representing the main structural portions; conformational license is only used, in some cases, with the NanoPutians head dressings. You are reminded that many molecule types are routinely drawn in nonequilibrium conformations to enhance their rapid cognitive classification ...
How were these little people named? Authors Chanteau and Tour explain, in science-talk.Accepted common names such as cubane, dodecahedrane, housane, and chair-form describe the constitution or conformation of cycloalkanes while buckminsterfullerene expresses chemical structure by its relation to the artisan that built macroscopic analogues. Utilizing such a license, the anthropomorphic molecules here are dubbed, as a class, NanoPutians, following the lead of the Lilliputians in Jonathan Swifts classic, Gullivers Travels.They admit to taking liberties with the drawings, but maintain, The liberties we take with the nonequilibrium conformational drawings are only minor when representing the main structural portions; conformational license is only used, in some cases, with the NanoPutians head dressings. You are reminded that many molecule types are routinely drawn in nonequilibrium conformations to enhance their rapid cognitive classification ...
Squirrel-corn (Dicentra canadensis) is a native herb found in rich woodlands in southern Ontario and Quebec. The plant contains alkaloids that are known to be toxic. However, feeding experiments on cattle using the aboveground parts, as well as the entire plant failed, to produce any symptoms other than slight restlessness and uneasiness (Black et al. 1923). See additional notes under general notes of Dicentra cucullaria.. ...
This table lists species that are considered to be primarily a threat to tropical ecosystems over 1,000 m elevation. Although they are profiled on PIER, most Pacific islands do not exceed this elevation and thus these species may only be a problem or potential problem in a limited number of locations. Each species is linked by its scientific name to an individual write-up containing relevant information. Species are listed in alphabetic order. You can browse this list or use the find function on your web browser to search by scientific name. Cant find it here? Check the list of synonyms for other names (the more common synonyms are included below) or search other lists and databases available on the Internet. Stumped by botanical terms? Here are links to a ...
GK Que ( General knowledge questions and answers ) General Awareness and Current Affairs 2016 with Daily Current Affairs Quiz, Daily GK Quiz, News and Analysis for interview of IBPS Bank PO, IBPS Clerk , Railways, NDA, UPSC Exams, IAS, PCS and all other competitive Examinations. KBC 9 GBJJ Question of the day
Members of a species of the genus Hunnivirus share a common genome organization.. The divergence (number of differences per site between sequences) of known Hunnivirus species ranges from 0.54-0.58 for P1 and 0.49-0.5 for 3CD. There are three genetic types, one found in cattle, two in sheep. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that hunniviruses from rats form a second species containing three genetic types.. ...
Genome layout:. VPg+5UTRIRES-IV[1AB-1C-1D-2A1npgp/-2A2-2B-2C/3A-3B-3C-3D]3UTR-poly(A). The deduced polyprotein has a length of c. 2,133 aa. There is no L protein. 1AB protein remains uncleaved. The aphthovirus-like 2A1 protein has a NPG¯P sequence motif; the function of 2A2 is unknown. 3Dpol has a deviant ASG motif.. ...
A new hierarchic classification structure for the taxa between the taxonomic levels of genus and class is Proposed for the actinomycete line of descent as defined by analysis of small subunit (16S) rRNA and genes coding for this molecule (rDNA). While the traditional circumscription of a genus of the actinomycete subphylum is by and large in accord with the 16S rRNA/rDNA-based phylogenetic clustering of these organisms. most of the higher taxa proposed in the past do not take into account the phylogenetic clustering of genera. The rich chemical, morphological and physiological diversity of phylogenetically closely related genera makes the description of families and higher taxa so broad that they become meaningless for the description of the enclosed taxa. Here we present a classification system in which phylogenetically neighboring taxa at the genus level are clustered into families, suborders, orders, subclasses, and a class irrespective of those phenotypec characteristics on which the delineation of
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
The minimum number of laps for classification (70 per cent of the overall winning car's race distance) was 123 laps. Class ... "Classification". FIA World Endurance Championship. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2017. " ... "FIA WEC 6 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps Race Final Classification" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 2 May 2015. ... "FIA WEC 6 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps Qualifying Final Classification" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 1 May ...
The higher classification of Australian Buprestidae with the description of a new genus and species (Coleoptera). Australian ... Classification. 266-275 in Carter, H. J. A checklist of the Australian Buprestidae. Australian Zoologist 5(4): 265-304 [272] ... The classification and phylogeny of Australian Coroebini with a revision of the genera Paracephala, Meliboeithon and ... A reassessment of the internal classification of the Buprestidae Leach (Coleoptera). Crystal, series Zoologica 1: 1-42 [15] ...
Sexual conduct with a minor; classification". www.azleg.gov. Retrieved 2019-10-09. "13-1407. Defenses". www.azleg.gov. ...
... classification". www.azleg.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-07. State v. Hammonds, 968 P.2d 601 (1998) Snow, Joshua (Summer 2013). "The ...
The classification system in Paralympic sport ensures that competition is fair and equal. It determines the eligibility of the ... It designates Sport Class status in accordance with Classification Rules of the International Paralympic Committee. At Nomarhas ... ISBN 978-1-876718-05-3. "Classification". paralympic.org. Retrieved 14 January 2020. "Athlete Search Results". International ...
"MOUNTAIN CLASSIFICATION". UIAA. March 1994. "The SIMMs". HillBaggingUK. The Simms: A Simm is a hill in England, Wales or ... Height and prominence are the most important metrics for the classifications of mountains by the UIAA; with isolation a distant ... Many classifications of mountains in the British Isles consider a prominence between 30-150 metres (98-492 ft) as being a "top ... "Classification". Database of British and Irish Hills. 3 August 2018. "Welcome to the online version of the Database of British ...
A Critique on Religious Pluralism (A Discourse with John Hick); Classification; IICT Publications (in press) b. Articles: 1. ... Classification; IICT 34. (1990).Tavern of Love : an interpretation of Imam Khomaini's Mystical Poems "Sick Eye Collection", 1st ...
"Classification". Porsche GB. Porsche Cars Great Britain Ltd. Retrieved 22 January 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link ...
"Classification". Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Retrieved August 8, 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link ...
Classification. "Narrandera Showground (Register of the National Estate) (Place ID 100991)". Australian Heritage Database. ...
"13-2508 - Resisting arrest; classification; definition". www.azleg.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-09. "LexisNexis® Custom Solution: ...
"Classification , USDA PLANTS". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2020-09-10. "Rubiaceae - Oldenlandia corymbosa L." publish.plantnet- ...
Events are given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes competing ... "Classification". International Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2018. "Sochi ... Each Paralympic sport then has its own classifications, dependent upon the specific physical demands of competition. ...
Fipfa (2017). "The Classification Rulebook" (PDF). "Classification , Fipfa.org". Retrieved 2020-08-04. "Eddie McGuire and the ... Classification may also determine whether a player is even allowed to play powerchair football. According to the guidelines, ... Within the rostered team itself there can be any combination of classifications. If a violation of this rule occurs, the team ... There are two levels of classification: PF1: highly significant levels of physical difficulty PF2: moderate to mild levels of ...
"Classification". The Historical Thesaurus of English. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 22 October 2014. An oversize, one-page ...
"Classification". AO Foundation. Retrieved 2019-05-08. Page 94 and Page 126 in: Douglas L. Brockmeyer, Andrew T. Dailey (2016). ... The indication to surgically stabilize a cervical fracture can be estimated from the Subaxial Injury Classification (SLIC). In ... the AOSpine subaxial cervical spine fracture classification system. ...
"Classification". Department of Entomology, North Dakota State University. Retrieved April 27, 2011. Biolib Murray Fletcher ( ... Randall T. Schuh & James Alexander Slater (1995). True bugs of the world (Hemiptera:Heteroptera): classification and natural ... While the tribal and subfamilial classifications remain unclear, they are divided into eight subfamilies sensu lato: ... classification and natural history. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-2066-5. "Family Scutelleridae - Shield-backed ...
Retrieved 2 October 2006 "F1DB > Monaco GP 2006 > Classification". F1db.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. ...
"Classification". Database of British and Irish Hills. 3 August 2018. "Welcome to the online version of the Database of British ... The DoBIH uses the following codes for the various classifications of mountains and hills in the British Isles, which many of ... and meet no other mountain or hill classification in the British Isles. This list is from the Database of British and Irish ... is the most referenced database for the classification of peaks in the British Isles, and the DoBIH is licensed under a " ...
Monographie de la classe des fougères : classification, 1867 - Monograph on ferns; classification. Notice sur le Jardin ...
https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11557-006-0100-1 Poelt, J. (1973). Classification. In: Ahmadjian, V., Hale, M.E. (Eds.), The Lichens ...
"Classification". Database of British and Irish Hills. 3 August 2018. "Welcome to the online version of the Database of British ... The Hewitt classification was suggested by Alan Dawson in his 1992 book, "The Relative Hills of Britain". Dawson originally ... The DoBIH uses the following codes for the various classifications of mountains and hills in the British Isles, which many of ... Hewitts were designed to address one of the criticisms of the 1990 Nuttall classification, by requiring hills to have a ...
Todd Haney (2004). "Classification". Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Retrieved August 8, 2007. V. V. Petryashov ( ... J. W. Martin; G. E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los ...
Classification. Body composition assessment. End-points in clinical trials including Patient-reported outcomes. Nutrition. ... "Definition and classification of cancer cachexia: an international consensus". The Lancet. Oncology. 12 (5): 489-495. doi: ... Sarcopenia and Frailty with a proposal for an overall disease classification system of "Muscle Wasting Syndromes" as frame-work ...
ISBN 978-0-07-043435-6. David A. Rider (October 20, 2009). "Classification". Department of Entomology, North Dakota State ... classification and natural history, Cornell University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-8014-2066-0 P136 Christopher G. Morris Academic ...
"Classification". Database of British and Irish Hills. 3 August 2018. "Welcome to the online version of the Database of British ... ISBN 0-7112-2460-9. The DoBIH uses the following codes for the various classifications of mountains and hills in the British ... The Database of British and Irish Hills ("DoBIH") is the most referenced database for the classification of peaks in the ...
AOSpine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification System (ATLICS) is the most recent classification scheme for thoracolumbar injuries ... The thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) is a scoring system to determine the need to surgically ... "Classification". AO Foundation. Retrieved 2019-05-08. Page 94 and Page 126 in: Douglas L. Brockmeyer, Andrew T. Dailey (2016). ... "Spine injury - TLICS Classification". Radiology Assistant. Retrieved 2017-10-26.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) ...
Sexual conduct with a minor; classification". www.azleg.gov. Retrieved 2019-10-09. "13-1407. Defenses". www.azleg.gov. ...
Classification. AZ Rev Stat § 13-1104. Second-degree murder. Classification. AR Code § 5-10-102. Murder in the first degree. AR ... "13-1105 - First-degree murder; classification". Azleg.state.az.us. Retrieved June 25, 2010. "California Penal Code, Sec. 190". ...
Bizell set a world record in the T44 classification. For specific classification information, see the pages for individual ... Events were given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes ... At the Paralympics teams in the sport of wheelchair rugby are made up of mixed classification quadriplegic athletes of both ... Athletes may have competed against individuals with different classifications in the same event. For example, track and field ...
Statistical binary classification[edit]. Statistical classification is a problem studied in machine learning. It is a type of ... Binary classification is dichotomization applied to practical purposes, and in many practical binary classification problems, ... Binary or binomial classification is the task of classifying the elements of a given set into two groups (predicting which ... Given a classification of a specific data set, there are four basic combinations of actual data category and assigned category ...
in 1987 and made public at the 1992 Palm Desert Conference on Epilepsy Surgery.[5][6] The Engel classification system has since ... The Engel classification system has been thought of as a cross-sectional grading system by medical professionals because it ... As is the case for all current methods of reviewing epilepsy surgery outcomes, the Engel classification system has subjective ... As surgery as a treatment grew more prevalent, a classification system became a necessity. The appropriate evaluation of ...
Page Last Updated: 09/28/2020. Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players ...
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... are organizations that establish and apply technical standards in relation to ... A vessel that has been designed and built to the appropriate rules of a society may apply for a certificate of classification ... In establishing its rules, each classification society may draw upon the advice and review of members of the industry who are ... At the same time, the notations used today are rather difficult for an outsider to interpret as most of the classification ...
Correct classifications are the green squares on the matrices diagonal. Incorrect classifications form the red squares. ... c = 0.0741 cm = 10 1 0 0 8 0 0 1 7 Percentage Correct Classification : 92.592593% Percentage Incorrect Classification : ... Data for classification problems are set up for a neural network by organizing the data into two matrices, the input matrix X ... Wine Classification. This example illustrates how a pattern recognition neural network can classify wines by winery based on ...
Study Syllabus for Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses, Radiograph Classification ... Radiograph Classificationplus icon * SUBSET 1 - Radiograph Classification, #1 to #19plus icon *Introduction ... Study Syllabus for Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses. ...
The norovirus classification schemeexternal icon was updated in 2019 and includes the following changes:. *Noroviruses are now ...
Classification: There is great diversity in Carnivora, especially among the highly specialized pinnipeds. Thus, the ... Classification. Distinguishing taxonomic features. There is great diversity in Carnivora, especially among the highly ... As a result of such complicated taxonomic appraisal, the formal classification of Carnivora is in some ways an artificial ... Undoubtedly, advanced genetic fingerprinting and DNA analyses will allow a more objective classification of species within the ...
The original purpose of biological classification, or systematics, was to organize the vast number of known plants and animals ... classification, in biology, the systematic categorization of organisms into a coherent scheme. ... a universal system of nomenclature or classification.. zootaxy zoological classification; the scientific classification of ... See also BOX CLASSIFICATION; MINIMUM-DISTANCE-TO-MEANS CLASSIFICATION; and MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD CLASSIFICATION.. ...
Classification The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. ...
Eurostats classifications server aims at making available as much information as possible relating to the main international ... statistical classifications in various fields: economic analysis, environment, education, occupations, national accounts, etc. ...
acm classification keywords flat surface future challenge new mode interdisciplinary group primary theme deformable display ...
It is expected that eel classification will be further modified as more is learned about the little-known families. Order ... The classification used in this article is a synthesis of the work of many authorities. However, it is based primarily on the ... Annotated classification. The classification used in this article is a synthesis of the work of many authorities. However, it ... fish: Annotated classification. Anguilliformes (eels) Body elongate; fins reduced and gill chamber modified; displaced ...
Provides an introduction to the basics of classification and where you can find detailed help and advice. ... Harmonised classification and self-classification. *Classification and other chemical controls. *Classification of articles ( ...
Classification selon Cavalier-Smith 1998[modifier , modifier le code]. Cette classification nest pas à proprement parler ... Classification proposée par Walker et al. 2011[modifier , modifier le code]. Walker et al. 2011[17],[18] proposent une ... A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. », PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no 4,‎ 29 avril 2015. , e0119248 (ISSN 1932-6203, ... Classification selon Cavalier-Smith 2010[modifier , modifier le code]. Comme précédemment[77],[79], elle comporte des niveaux ...
Source for information on Wellcome classification: A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition dictionary. ... Wellcome classification A system for classifying protein‐energy malnutrition in children based on percentage of expected weight ... Wellcome classification A system for classifying protein‐energy malnutrition in children based on percentage of expected weight ... www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/wellcome-classification ...
Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides ...
More recently, classification has been based on structural similarities observed between related cytokines. The chemokines can ... However, there is no unified cytokine classification system and cytokines are identified in various ways which include:. ... Cytokine Classification. News-Medical. 21 February 2020. ,https://www.news-medical.net/health/Cytokine-Classification.aspx,. ... Cytokine Classification. News-Medical, viewed 21 February 2020, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Cytokine-Classification. ...
For the purposes of classification, the production or manufacturing of goods is considered a service only in cases where it is ...
... reducing over-classification, improving declassification, and ensuring a credible and transparent security classification ... In 2012, we wrote our report to the President on Transforming the Security Classification System and focused on this ... Transforming and modernizing classification and declassification across government so they function more effectively in todays ... Earnest and real attempts must be made to ensure a transparent and credible security classification system by reducing over- ...
For more on the system of classification itself, see the encyclopedia article on classification, and this chart with Examples ... Most longer articles also have a link to additional classification information; in the section on cat classification you can ... See this Guide to the Animal Kingdom for Students and Educators and this tutorial on the Classification of Living Things ... If the article is shorter and does not have a separate section on classification, the last sentence of the article will usually ...
Hazard Classification. Hazard Classification. Hazard classification is the responsibility of the chemical manufacturers and ... An adverse physical or health effect, identified during the classification process, that does not meet the specified criteria ... Simple Asphyxiants (not part of GHS classification, but included by OSHA as a health hazard) ... Combustible Dusts (not part of GHS classification, but included by OSHA as a physical hazard) ...
ICF is a classification of health and health-related domains, and includes environmental factors. The domains are classified ... The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is produced by the World Health Organization (WHO ... UMLS Home » UMLS Metathesaurus Vocabulary Documentation » ICF (International Classification of Functioning) - Synopsis ... www.who.int/classifications/icf/en/; ICF application areas: http://www.who.int/classifications/icf/appareas/en/index.html/. ...
Correct classifications are the green squares on the matrices diagonal. Incorrect classifications form the red squares. ... Data for classification problems are set up for a neural network by organizing the data into two matrices, the input matrix X ... Therefore, neural networks are a good candidate for solving the wine classification problem. ... The confusion matrix shows the percentages of correct and incorrect classifications. ...
Classification. Doctors classify cancer using the site at which the cancer started or the type of tissue where the cancer ... Examples of cancer classifications by tissue type include:. Carcinoma: This develops in epithelial tissues, such as those in ... Knowing the classification of cancer can help a doctor develop an effective plan for treatment. ... Cancer classification. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://training.seer.cancer.gov/disease/categories/classification.html ...
See also the Wikipedia use of the Outline of Rogets Thesaurus for classification of its articles.) ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Roget%27s_thesaurus_classification&oldid=59210477" ...
Climate Classification , Key Climate Groups , Subdivisions within the Key Climate Groups. Climate Classification. Indigenous ... The Bureau of Meteorology classification modifies Köppens scheme, dividing some Köppen climates, and combining other Köppen ...
... * 1. Dr Hany M. A. Ahmed Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, ... Classification System Ahmed HMA, Versiani MA, De-Deus G, Dummer PMH. A new system for classifying root and root canal ... Classification System Ahmed HMA, Versiani MA, De-Deus G, Dummer PMH. A new system for classifying root and root canal ... Classification System Ahmed HMA, Versiani MA, De-Deus G, Dummer PMH. A new system for classifying root and root canal ...
  • ICF is part of the WHO Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC). (nih.gov)
  • The International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) is one of the main international classifications for which ILO is responsible. (ilo.org)
  • As a new member of WHO family of International Classifications, ICF describes how people live with their health condition. (tsoshop.co.uk)
  • This new electronic training tool is based on 17 years' practical experience in providing training for ICD-10 in the WHO Network for the Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC). (tsoshop.co.uk)
  • The external and internal morphological features of roots are variable and complex, and several classifications have been proposed to define the various types of canal configurations that occur commonly. (slideshare.net)
  • This classification is one of several classifications for athletes with spinal cord injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Policy makers at all levels have complained that the current system of classification overprotects output and discourages information sharing. (theatlantic.com)
  • The original Linnaean system of classification did not include two major categories now in common use (phylum and family), but included all of the others (i.e., class, order, genus, and species). (surfnetkids.com)
  • In 1989 TH Culhane, a brand new science teacher at Crenshaw High School in South Central LA, joined forces with video instructor Phil Kuretski and together with their students they created a rap song that successfully embedded the Linnean system of classification - Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species - using rap and melody as the carrier wave for the textbook data that students were expected to memorize. (surfnetkids.com)
  • classification, in biology, the systematic categorization of organisms into a coherent scheme. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Bureau of Meteorology classification modifies Köppen's scheme, dividing some Köppen climates, and combining other Köppen climates, in order to better reflect human experience. (bom.gov.au)
  • They will present to the class how they designed their classification scheme and why. (merlot.org)
  • The impetus for the classification and diagnosis scheme proposed then holds true today. (medscape.com)
  • The aim of this document is to define and describe diabetes as we know it today, present a classification scheme that reflects its etiology and/or pathogenesis, provide guidelines for the diagnosis of the disease, develop recommendations for testing that can help reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes, and review the diagnosis of gestational diabetes. (medscape.com)
  • A color coding scheme can also be used with these labels to help users remember what is the least confidential and most confidential of the classifications. (adobe.com)
  • Those declared in the classification domain are used in other maps to classify content according to the scheme. (oasis-open.org)
  • The resulting classification scheme for oxidizers is practical and includes a bench scale screening test method and medium scale burn testing of the oxidizer in its packaging with criteria for classification. (nfpa.org)
  • 2019. Cytokine Classification . (news-medical.net)
  • Reddit Post Classification - Sep 18, 2019. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Understanding Decision Trees for Classification in Python - Aug 21, 2019. (kdnuggets.com)
  • ESA's Vegetation Classification Panel organized a field trip to The Hoosier National Forest in Southern Indiana visiting the Tell City Barrens, Buzzard Roost, and Hemlock Cliffs at the 2019 ESA Annual Meeting in Louisville, KY. (esa.org)
  • The 2019 meeting of the ESA Vegetation Classification Panel in Fort Collins, CO focused on reviewing recent meetings of the USNVC Review Board, planning future education and outreach activities, providing guidance to the Panel's Executive Committee on funding priorities, and brainstorming opportunities to improve the work of the USNVC through partnerships with organizations. (esa.org)
  • According to the International League Against Epilepsy 2017 basic seizure classification, which is intended for use by practitioners not specializing in epilepsy, epileptic seizures can be classified as focal onset, generalized onset or unknown onset. (nature.com)
  • 2017)‎. Zika virus (‎ZIKV)‎ classification table. (who.int)
  • Modern classification also attempts to show the evolutionary relationships among organisms (see the table entitled Examples of Systematic Classification ). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Short tutorials on on the Linnean classification system, using primarily vertebrate examples. (merlot.org)
  • Classification, as a predictive model, involves aligning each class label to examples. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Retrieved on February 21, 2020 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Cytokine-Classification.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • Essential Data Science Tips: How to Use One-Vs-Rest and One-Vs-One for Multi-Class Classification - Aug 6, 2020. (kdnuggets.com)
  • A Classification Project in Machine Learning: a gentle step-by-step guide - Jun 17, 2020. (kdnuggets.com)
  • More Performance Evaluation Metrics for Classification Problems You Should Know - Apr 3, 2020. (kdnuggets.com)
  • AB 5 took effect on Jan. 1, 2020, codifying a three-pronged 'ABC' test to determine worker classification and rendering most workers employees. (shrm.org)
  • The Unified Classification System proposes a rational approach to treatment, regardless of the bone that is broken or the joint involved. (reference.com)
  • The name of this organization shall be the Ecological Society of America Vegetation Classification Panel, hereafter "Panel. (esa.org)
  • Join the ESA Vegetation Classification Panel activities at next weeks ESA Annual Meeting, which will be held virtually. (esa.org)
  • The Vegetation Classification Panel is accepting nominations for membership now! (esa.org)
  • The species, the fundamental unit of classification, consists of populations of genetically similar interbreeding or potentially interbreeding individuals. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Trifolium cernuum Brot. (usda.gov)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Lecanora carpinea (L.) Vain. (usda.gov)
  • Network DNA determined for the computer network may include a network species component capable of indicating network species classifications for computer networks. (google.ca)
  • Network species classifications may include enterprise network, home network and public place network. (google.ca)
  • Network species classifications may be determined as a function of network security, network management and network addressing. (google.ca)
  • The classification of the natural communities of Massachusetts provides a basis for discussing and conserving the diversity of our types of natural communities and the species they support. (mass.gov)
  • Species are the basic unit of classification. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Information retrieval , namely deciding whether a page or an article should be in the result set of a search or not - the classification property is the relevance of the article, or the usefulness to the user. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. (springer.com)
  • Classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and other categories of glucose intolerance. (springer.com)
  • Start with the 3M™ Clinical Risk Groups (CRGs), a patient classification methodology that uses inpatient and ambulatory diagnosis and procedure codes to categorize every person in a patient population to a single, clinically meaningful risk group. (3m.com)
  • The current classification and diagnosis of diabetes used in the U.S. was developed by the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) and published in 1979 [ 1 ] . (medscape.com)
  • An international Expert Committee, working under the sponsorship of the American Diabetes Association, was established in May 1995 to review the scientific literature since 1979 and to decide if changes to the classification and diagnosis of diabetes were warranted. (medscape.com)
  • The expanded seizure classification is intended for use by clinicians with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy. (nature.com)
  • The aim of this study was to develop a simple classification system for the histopathological diagnosis of placental malaria infection applicable to placentas collected in field conditions. (nih.gov)
  • The proposed classification system has allowed diagnosis of different categories of placental malaria infection by two independent observers. (nih.gov)
  • Execute classification whenever required, identify potential categories for ambiguously classified spend, classify heterogeneous data into a single taxonomy. (oracle.com)
  • Biologists have faced these classification conundrums for centuries when trying to classify organisms in one category or another. (reference.com)
  • Processing of Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to support classification, selection of brush size, 'Share you results with picture', selection of the dataset you want to classify. (apple.com)
  • Logistic Regression is a core supervised learning technique for solving classification problems. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Logistic regression is a type of a classification algorithm (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logistic_regression ). (oreilly.com)
  • We can define a function that performs classification with logistic regression. (oreilly.com)
  • Data for classification problems are set up for a neural network by organizing the data into two matrices, the input matrix X and the target matrix T. (mathworks.com)
  • There are many ML classification techniques, including naive Bayes classification, neural network classification, and decision tree classification. (microsoft.com)
  • Students will create their own hierarchical classification system. (merlot.org)
  • Research methods used to develop the classification include content analysis, expert survey, focus group review, similarity analysis, and hierarchical cluster analysis. (nih.gov)
  • This kind of hierarchical classification is also known as a taxonomy. (surfnetkids.com)
  • The 2012 ACM Computing Classification System has been developed as a poly- hierarchical ontology that can be utilized in semantic web applications. (reference.com)
  • Binary classification is dichotomization applied to practical purposes, and in many practical binary classification problems, the two groups are not symmetric - rather than overall accuracy, the relative proportion of different types of errors is of interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • When there are only two categories the problem is known as statistical binary classification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algorithms designed for binary classification cannot be applied to multi-class classification problems. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Binary classification tasks are the bread and butter of machine learning. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Here, a performance measure is introduced that simply considers the probability of making a correct binary classification. (kdnuggets.com)
  • A classification problem with multiple classes can be reduced to a binary classification problem. (oreilly.com)
  • Modern classification is part of the broader science of taxonomy, the study of the relationships of organisms, which includes collection, preservation, and study of specimens, and analysis of data provided by various areas of biological research. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Assign data from new sources into existing taxonomies, use new spending patterns to improve classification accuracy, and prevent misclassification in source systems. (oracle.com)
  • But it isn't always enough to ensure data quality after the fact, so Oracle Spend Classification is pre-integrated with Oracle iProcurement . (oracle.com)
  • Classification is a core technique in the fields of data science and machine learning that is used to predict the categories to which data should belong. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Follow this learning guide that demonstrates how to consider multiple classification models to predict data scrapped from the web. (kdnuggets.com)
  • This article covers the implementation of a data scraping and natural language processing project which had two parts: scrape as many posts from Reddit's API as allowed &then use classification models to predict the origin of the posts. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Whether you or your clients want to process claims for hospital reimbursement and reporting, edit patient records in real time, or leverage patient data for improved risk stratification, 3M is the standard for innovative patient grouping and classification solutions. (3m.com)
  • It is vital that classification is based on accurate, robust and adequate data/information. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Use the references for REST API V9.0 data classification endpoints. (juniper.net)
  • The goal is to explore the potential of common technology (smartphones) for participatory land cover classification, using Sentinel data. (apple.com)
  • These include principle component analysis (PCA), K nearest neighbours (KNN) and Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogy (SIMCA), which is able to produce SIMCA classification plots which will clearly interface with data derived from headspace-Gas Chromatography (GC). (intertek.com)
  • Ex Officio Members will consist of the Chair or Co-Chairs of the Federal Geographic Data Vegetation Classification Subcommittee and the National Vegetation Classification Implementation Manager. (esa.org)
  • This document describes the three levels of data classification that the University has adopted regarding the level of security placed on the particular types of information assets. (csustan.edu)
  • Many ML techniques, including k-NN classification, require training data that has known, correct predictor values and class labels. (microsoft.com)
  • Students will learn the Linnean Classification system. (merlot.org)
  • 1.Have students go to http://anthro.palomar.edu/animal/default.htm and read through the material on the Linnean Classification System and take the quizzes. (merlot.org)
  • 1) Understand the Linnean Classification system. (merlot.org)
  • Each job title corresponds to a classification specification established by the State Universities Civil Service System which describes its characteristic functions and requisite qualifications. (wiu.edu)
  • Similar classifications are T51, T52, T53 and T54 Jane Buckley, writing for the Sporting Wheelies, describes the athletes in this classification as: " Wheelchair athlete with good shoulder, elbow and wrist function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Information Classification - What does "Confidential" mean? (adobe.com)
  • The classification domain elements are used to identify the subject matter of content that is referenced in a map. (oasis-open.org)
  • Leslie RD, Palmer J, Schloot NC, Lemmark A. Diabetes at the crossroads: relevance of disease classification to pathophysiology and treatment. (springer.com)
  • This category page lists the classifications of trucks in the United States. (yahoo.com)
  • Visit this BBC mini-site for a 9-page introduction to biology classification, along with a video activity, and an online ten-question quiz. (surfnetkids.com)
  • A one-page overview of the seven main categories of scientific classifications, and a fun mnemonic to help you remember them: King Phillip, Come Out For Goodness Sake! (surfnetkids.com)
  • This second part aims to consolidate the Level-1B classification between water and land. (esa.int)
  • You can find the scientific classification of many common animals in the Infoplease encyclopedia. (factmonster.com)
  • As in earlier editions, the new classification system distinguishes primary headaches, which are diseases in their own right, from secondary headaches, which are caused by something else. (medscape.com)
  • This classification also distinguishes between bilateral seizures (which propagate to both hemispheres) and generalized seizures (which originate simultaneously in both hemispheres). (nature.com)
  • Nomenclature and classification of drug and alcohol related problems. (springer.com)
  • the growth of knowledge regarding the etiology and pathogenesis of diabetes has led many individuals and groups in the diabetes community to express the need for a revision of the nomenclature, diagnostic criteria, and classification of diabetes. (medscape.com)
  • Other migraine classifications include the following: migraine with aura, migraine without aura, complications of migraine, probable migraine, and episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine. (medscape.com)
  • The following article is an introduction to classification and regression - which are known as supervised learning - and unsupervised learning - which in the context of machine learning applications often refers to clustering - and will include a walkthrough in the popular python library scikit-learn. (kdnuggets.com)
  • Types of samples testing for chemometric classification include fragrances, textiles, wine, fruit and more. (intertek.com)
  • As a result of such complicated taxonomic appraisal, the formal classification of Carnivora is in some ways an artificial system set up for the sake of convenience. (britannica.com)
  • one based on categories assigned only for convenience (e.g., a classification of flowers by color) is an artificial system. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A considerable number of classification changes as well as insights in recent years have been the result of comparisons of nucleic acid (genetic material) sequences of organisms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • They will then apply what they have learned by classifying a group of 7 organisms with their own classification system. (merlot.org)
  • TCDB includes proteins from all types of living organisms and is the only transporter classification system that is both universal and recognized by the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. (nih.gov)
  • Sophos makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy or reliability of the classifications listed in this Product Classifications Chart. (sophos.com)
  • FAO, 1994) revealed that most farming systems classifications are not backed by quantitative criteria, which would enable cases to be clearly allocated to one class. (fao.org)
  • The various iterations of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) developed by the American Psychiatric Association and the psychiatric section of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) developed by the World Health Organization have yielded a high degree of reliability. (nih.gov)
  • Our vision is a new classification with high reliability and validity based on a deep understanding of the neural basis of mental disorders. (nih.gov)
  • This Instruction outlines the policies, requirements, and responsibilities for administering the Department's position classification, job grading, and position management programs, consistent with federal law, regulations, and the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) guidance. (hhs.gov)
  • An employee or supervisor can request a desk audit, or they may be conducted as part of a position classification review program. (hhs.gov)
  • Develops Department-wide policy and guidance regarding position classification in accordance with HHS and OPM policy, procedures, and guidance and all applicable federal laws and regulations. (hhs.gov)
  • Scientific classification is a system of organizing living things into categories, from most inclusive (the biggest one) to least inclusive (the smallest one. (surfnetkids.com)
  • This unit on scientific classification is just one of eight sessions that comprise this online Life Science course. (surfnetkids.com)
  • Carolus Linneaus was an eighteenth century Swedish zoologist, who created the first version of the scientific classification still used today. (surfnetkids.com)
  • The original purpose of biological classification, or systematics, was to organize the vast number of known plants and animals into categories that could be named, remembered, and discussed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Truck classifications are typically based upon the maximum loaded weight of the truck, typically using the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and sometimes also the gross trailer weight rating (GTWR), and can vary among jurisdictions. (yahoo.com)
  • As NIMH research increasingly reveals the brain circuitry for various forms of mental distress, our hope is that we can look forward to a classification system validated by a deep knowledge of both the genetic risks and neural basis of mental illness. (nih.gov)
  • If RDoC is successful, it will yield a robust classification system that will become the basis for NIMH research on mental illness, from etiology to treatment. (nih.gov)
  • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The main article for this category is Truck classification § United States. (yahoo.com)
  • The challenge of developing a robust, real-time driver gaze classification system is that it has to handle difficult edge cases that arise in real-world driving conditions: extreme lighting variations, eyeglass reflections, sunglasses and other occlusions. (sae.org)
  • The key insight of our work is that robust driver gaze classification in real-world conditions is best approached by leveraging the power of supervised learning to generalize over the edge cases present in large annotated on-road datasets. (sae.org)
  • Earnest and real attempts must be made to ensure a transparent and credible security classification system by reducing over-classification and improving declassification to sustain our democratic values and citizenry from an antiquated, overburdened system. (feedburner.com)
  • No attempts at developing a classification of world livestock systems by using quantitative statistical methodologies (cluster analysis and related methodologies) could be located in the literature. (fao.org)
  • As is the case for all current methods of reviewing epilepsy surgery outcomes, the Engel classification system has subjective components. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current classification recognizes three suborders, the Anguilloidei, Muraenoidei, and Congroidei, although the higher-level classification of the order Anguilliformes is still in dispute. (britannica.com)
  • This chapter includes a review of the development of the current diagnostic criteria for diabetes and considers classification systems for diabetes. (springer.com)
  • A classification appeal is a written petition from an employee, or his/her written designated representative, for a change in the classification of his/her current position of record. (hhs.gov)
  • Start with an approach that captures the current changes in clinical practice and resources used to provide a broader, more inclusive classification of outpatient care like 3M™ Enhanced Ambulatory Patient Groups (EAPGs). (3m.com)
  • As a consequence, it was deemed essential to develop an appropriate, uniform terminology and a functional, working classification of diabetes that reflects the current knowledge about the disease. (medscape.com)
  • Many current national occupational classifications are based on one of these three ISCO versions. (ilo.org)
  • Project Directors and Supervisors should make no commitment to any current or prospective employee concerning classification or compensation level without the approval of the head of Human Resources. (csusm.edu)
  • The Classification Division provides description format information to the initiator of the request in order to obtain a current description of the position. (wiu.edu)
  • The position is either recommended for a change in classification or retained in its current classification. (wiu.edu)
  • [4] Accordingly, the Engel classification guidelines were devised by UCLA neurologist Jerome Engel Jr. in 1987 and made public at the 1992 Palm Desert Conference on Epilepsy Surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Proponents of the Engel classification guidelines argue that the patients are best able to perceive the worth of the operation because they are the ones experiencing the seizures before and after the treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guidelines for Structuring a Jail Classification System. (reference.com)
  • A consistently applied classification system and appropriate pay ranges are essential for ensuring compliance with equal pay requirements as well as other legislative guidelines. (csusm.edu)
  • This is wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to the neurological level C7. (wikipedia.org)
  • Utilize the Position Matrix when determining the job classification and salary range of a new or existing position. (csusm.edu)
  • Utilize the Student Assistant Classification and Salary Guide when determining the job classification and salary range of a student employee. (csusm.edu)
  • The purpose of this article is to introduce a new classification system that can be adapted to categorize root and root canal configurations in an accurate, simple and reliable manner that can be used in research, clinical practice and training. (slideshare.net)
  • Sophos is in no way responsible for any damages whether direct, consequential, incidental, or otherwise, suffered by the user as a result of using or relying upon such classifications, for any purpose whatsoever. (sophos.com)
  • The present invention provides a simple, low-cost color classification apparatus having a high resistance to mechanical vibrations and capable of properly performing color classification even if a light source is not specified and its spectrum changes. (google.com)
  • said classification means calculates a classification spectrum for classification using a statistic technique from a spectrum of the light reflected by the target object and picked up by said image pickup means. (google.com)
  • means for classifying an unknown-class target object picked up by said image pickup means using the classification spectrum calculated by said calculation means. (google.com)
  • This classification system provides clinicians the opportunity to track the development of TB in their patients. (reference.com)
  • The classification used in this article is a synthesis of the work of many authorities. (britannica.com)
  • The objective of this article is to describe a classification of the world's livestock systems based on a recent study carried out by the Animal Production and Health Division (AGA) of FAO. (fao.org)
  • This article explains exactly how k-NN classification works and presents an end-to-end demo program written in C#. (microsoft.com)
  • This article assumes you have intermediate or better programming skills, but doesn't assume you know anything about k-NN classification. (microsoft.com)
  • Only employees of a logging or log hauling contractor who are assigned to the shop or yard are to be reported in this classification. (wa.gov)
  • This classification is further restricted in that employees reported in classification 5206-78 cannot have any other duties other than those related to the storage of materials and/or the maintenance of equipment during their work shift or work day. (wa.gov)
  • A classification and pay system that covers appropriated fund and nonappropriated fund employees who are paid by the hour and work in trades, craft, and labor occupations. (hhs.gov)
  • A classification and pay system covering the majority of civilian federal employees in professional technical, administrative, and clerical positions. (hhs.gov)
  • CSUSM Corporation classifies all positions under classification titles and descriptions so that positions with similar duties and responsibilities are grouped together in the same classification. (csusm.edu)
  • Distributional measures of lexical similarity and kernel methods for classification are well-known tools in Natural Language Processing. (psu.edu)
  • An evaluation of a particular position to determine whether duties and responsibilities correspond to the actual job classification and salary grade. (hhs.gov)
  • The auditor will use the information contained in the written job description and the audit notes to compare the duties and responsibilities of the position to standards established by the State Universities Civil Service System of Illinois for suitable classifications. (wiu.edu)
  • An adverse physical or health effect, identified during the classification process, that does not meet the specified criteria for the physical and health hazard classes addressed in the Hazard Communication Standard. (uidaho.edu)
  • The classification criteria were limited to three: integration with crops, relation to land and agro- ecological zone. (fao.org)
  • The next stage was the overlay with classification criteria defining the attributes of the farming system, such as mixed versus grazing or mixed rain-fed versus mixed irrigated. (fao.org)
  • This report is divided into four sections: definition and description of diabetes, classification of the disease, diagnostic criteria, and testing for diabetes. (medscape.com)
  • Nominations based on criteria of experience or perspective in vegetation classification shall be solicited from the full Panel. (esa.org)