A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.
An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.
A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.
A species of PESTIVIRUS causing a congenital sheep disease characterized by an abnormally hairy birth-coat, tremors, and poor growth.
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
Infections with viruses of the genus PESTIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).
Proteins found in any species of virus.
Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.
Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.
The presence of viruses in the blood.
Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Protective places of employment for disabled persons which provide training and employment on a temporary or permanent basis.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.

Immunopathogenesis of classical swine fever: role of monocytic cells. (1/149)

Virulent classical swine fever (CSF) represents an immunomodulatory viral infection that perturbs immune functions. Circulatory and immunopathological disorders include leukopenia, immunosuppression and haemorrhage. Monocytic cells - targets for CSF virus (CSFV) infection - could play critical roles in the immunopathology, owing to their production of immunomodulatory and vasoactive factors. Monocytes and macrophages (Mphi) are susceptible to virus infection, as a consequence of which prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production is enhanced. The presence of PGE2 in serum from CSFV-infected pigs correlated with elevated PGE2 productivity by the peripheral blood mononuclear cells from these same animals. It was noted that these PGE2-containing preparations did not inhibit, but actually enhanced, lymphocyte proliferation. The proinflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL)-6 were not involved, although elevated IL-1 production could relate to lymphocyte activation. Nevertheless, IL-1 was not the sole element: infected Mphi produced lympho-stimulatory activity but little IL-1. This release of immunomodulatory factors, following CSFV infection of monocytic cells, was compared with other characteristics of the disease. Therein, PGE2 and IL-1 production was noted to coincide with the onset of fever and the coagulation disorders typical of CSF. Consequently, these factors are of greater relevance to the haemorrhagic disturbances, such as petechia and infarction, rather than the leukopenia found in CSF.  (+info)

Classical swine fever in Sardinia: epidemiology of recent outbreaks. (2/149)

A variable region of the gene encoding the major glycoprotein (E2) of Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) was sequenced from 12 Sardinian isolates which had been obtained from three geographically distinct regions of the Island. Phylogenetic analysis of these viruses and others characterized in previous studies [1, 2] indicated that (a) the Sardinian viruses were all members of the common European subgroup 2.3 and were clearly distinct from live vaccines recently used in this area; (b) they could be resolved into four distinct groups in accordance with the region or date of isolation; (c) in at least two regions wild boar/domestic swine contact was implicated in virus spread; (d) the oldest isolate (1983) and some of the recent isolates were possibly introduced from mainland Italy. In addition, this study has wider implications for the interpretation of CSFV variation. We have been able to demonstrate that small variations within this region of the virus genome (possibly less than 2.7% or five nucleotide substitutions) can be used to separate isolates into groups that precisely fit their geographical distribution. This finding is especially important for deducing the epidemiological relationships between multiple outbreaks caused by similar viruses that occur in close proximity.  (+info)

Pathogenesis of granulocytopenia and bone marrow atrophy during classical swine fever involves apoptosis and necrosis of uninfected cells. (3/149)

Granulocytopenia, a hematological hallmark of classical swine fever, is partially responsible for the suppression of innate immune defenses during classical swine fever. The present report demonstrates that this depletion was apparent as early as 3 days postinfection (p.i.). Both mature peripheral and bone marrow neutrophils were affected, whereas immature neutrophils increased absolutely in the periphery and coincidentally immature myeloid progenitors in the bone marrow. These data suggest that a pathogenic relationship exists between these compartments. The central event was not the arrest of hematopoietic cell proliferation or of the mobilization process, but instead apoptosis and possibly also necrosis were shown to play a role. This increase in apoptotic and dead cells was detected as early as 1-3 days p.i. In contrast, viral RNA in bone marrow hematopoietic cells (BMHC) was first detected 5 days p.i., and significant amounts of infected BMHC were detected only 7 days p.i., with the major target being the myeloid compartment. The increased caspase-3 activity observed supported a role for apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, the elevated caspase-9 activity indicated the involvement of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Taken together, the results demonstrate that granulocytopenia and bone marrow atrophy are mediated by hematopoietic cell death and that indirect virus-host-mediated mechanisms are likely to be responsible.  (+info)

Ultrastructural glomerular changes in experimental infection with the classical swine fever virus. (4/149)

Ultrastructural studies of glomerular changes were performed on 16 pigs experimentally infected with a highly virulent strain of the classical swine fever virus. Our observations revealed the thickening of glomerular basement membranes, swelling of endothelial cells and cytoplasmic vacuolization within podocytes containing abundant viral particles. An early viral infection of podocytes was suggested as the cause of selective swelling of the foot processes of these cells with the consequent obliteration of the glomerular urinary spaces. To our knowledge this is the first report of ultrastructural evidence of classical swine fever virions infecting glomerular podocytes.  (+info)

Comparative immunohistopathology in pigs infected with highly virulent or less virulent strains of hog cholera virus. (5/149)

Eight pigs were inoculated subcutaneously with a highly virulent hog cholera virus (HCV) strain ALD. The infected pigs developed severe illness and became moribund on postinoculation day (PID) 7 or PID 10. Histologic lesions were characterized by severe generalized vasculitis, necrosis of lymphocytes, and encephalitis. HCV antigen was detected in crypt tonsilar epithelial cells, macrophages, and reticular endothelial cells of lymphoid tissues. Antigen localization corresponded well with histologic lesions. Five pigs were inoculated with less virulent HCV Kanagawa/74 strain and were euthanatized on PID 30. All five infected pigs recovered from the illness but became stunted. They also had a slight follicular depletion of lymphocytes, histiocytic hyperplasia, and hematopoiesis in the spleen. Less virulent HCV antigen was observed in the tonsils, kidneys, pancreas, adrenal glands, and lungs. Although antigen localization was less associated with histologic lesions, immunoreactivity was stronger than that in the pigs infected with the ALD strain of HCV. An almost complete loss of B lymphocytes was recognized in pigs infected with the ALD strain and was correlated with follicular necrosis in lymphoid tissues. Loss of B lymphocytes was not prominent in the pigs infected with Kanagawa/74 strain. The number of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes was significantly higher than that in the noninfected control pigs.  (+info)

Application of competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the serologic diagnosis of classical swine fever virus infection. (6/149)

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA), based on a truncated E2 recombinant protein of the Alfort/187 strain of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and a specific monoclonal antibody M1669, was evaluated using 2,000 sera from clinically healthy pigs in Canada (a CSFV-free country) and sera from experimentally infected pigs. The relative specificity and sensitivity of the C-ELISA were 100% and 86%, respectively, at a cutoff of 25% inhibition using negative and positive pig sera, as defined by the neutralizing peroxidase-linked assay (NPLA). A kappa value of 0.91 was obtained, indicating an excellent level of agreement between the NPLA and the C-ELISA. When sera from 120 infected pigs were used in the test at > or = 21 days postinfection, the sensitivity of the C-ELISA and the kappa value increased to 97% and 0.98, respectively. This C-ELISA will be useful when a large number of samples must be tested, as could occur during a disease outbreak or for surveillance or prevalence studies.  (+info)

Characterization of classical swine fever virus associated with defective interfering particles containing a cytopathogenic subgenomic RNA isolated from wild boar. (7/149)

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strain WB82, isolated from a wild boar in 1982, induced a distinct cytopathic effect (CPE) in primary swine testicle cell culture and in most of the porcine cell lines. This strain of CSFV was found to be composed of two biotypes. cytopathogenic (cp) CSFV, as a minor population, and noncytopathogenic (noncp) CSFV, as a major population. The noncp CSFV (designated strain WB82/E+) was obtained by biological cloning, and it showed the exaltation of Newcastle disease virus phenomenon. In Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR assay, CSFV RNA with a subgenomic (sg) length was detected in addition to full-length viral RNA only in the cells in which a CPE had been revealed. These RNAs represent the genomes of typical defective interfering (DI) particles because of the strict dependence on a complementing helper virus and interference with replication of the helper virus. The sg RNA, which exhibits the genomes of the DI particles, lacked the nucleotides of the viral genomic region from Npro to NS2 (4764 bases). When extracted sg RNA was transfected to the cells infected with the WB82/E+ strain, a distinct CPE was observed. Interestingly, the CPE was observed in cells infected with other heterologous noncp CSFV ALD and GPE- strains by sg RNA transfection. The results suggested that these noncp CSFVs act as helper viruses for the replication of sg RNA (DI particles). It was also shown that the cytopathogenicity of strain WB82 is caused by apoptosis.  (+info)

Lipopolysaccharide and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate both impair monocyte differentiation, relating cellular function to virus susceptibility. (8/149)

Both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) impeded monocyte to macrophage differentiation with respect to typical phenotypic modulation and certain phagocyte-related processes. The down-regulation of the porcine monocyte marker SWC1, and up-regulation of the SWC9 macrophage marker were retarded, but not inhibited, as was the differentiation-associated down-regulation of p53 and myeloperoxidase. Despite this clear impairment of macrophage differentiation, not all cellular functions were equally susceptible. Both agents inhibited phagocytosis, but not low-density lipoprotein receptor-associated endocytosis. Only LPS inhibited tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase up-regulation. In contrast, increase of vacuolar acidification rates was more susceptible to PMA. The activity of certain endosomal/lysosomal enzymes - esterase, nucleotidase, peroxidase and cathepsins - was generally enhanced by both LPS and PMA. This contrasted with autophagosomal activity, detected through the induction of an antiviral state. Disruption of autophagosomes and lysosomes (methionine-O-methyl ester), but not lysosomes alone (glycyl-L-phenylalanine) reversed LPS-induced inhibition of virus replication, without influencing the PMA-induced antiviral effect. Thus, PMA is similar to LPS in inhibiting monocyte to macrophage differentiation, when primary blood monocytes are employed, but not all pathways are equally susceptible. The analyses demonstrate that the pathways modulated during monocyte differentiation function somewhat independently. Moreover, certain functions of monocytic cells are more important with respect to the outcome of virus infection, with autophagosomal activities in particular favouring cell survival.  (+info)

Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine can cause acute, chronic, or congenital disease considered a foreign animal disease. Foreign animal disease (FAD):. Definition: Slideshow 113381 by flora
Virions from hog cholera virus (HCV), a member of the genus Pestivirus, were analyzed by using specific antibodies. The nucleocapsid protein was found to be a 14-kDa molecule (HCV p14). An equivalent protein could also be demonstrated for virions from another pestivirus, bovine viral diarrhea virus. The HCV envelope is composed of three glycoproteins, HCV gp44/48, gp33, and gp55. All three exist in the form of disulfide-linked dimers in virus-infected cells and in virions; HCV gp44/48 and gp55 each form homodimers, whereas gp55 is also found dimerized with gp33. Such complex covalent interactions between structural glycoproteins have not been described so far for any RNA virus. ...
1. Prolonged and systematic examination of blood from swine with hog cholera has failed to reveal any formed element that could be identified with the etiological virus. Culture has likewise been unsuccessful.. 2. The quantitative blood changes in hog cholera consist in a slowly progressive anemia, usually moderate in degree, and a rapidly progressive severe leucopenia affecting cells of the polymorphonuclear series most markedly but also including those of the lymphocytic series.. 3. Incubation of hog cholera blood results in a further progress of the leucopenia, in vitro, if heparin has been used as the anticoagulant, but there is no significant change if potassium oxalate or sodium citrate has been used.. 4. Consideration of the leucocytic reactions prevailing in experimental infection with B. suisepticus, in infectious enteritis, in swine influenza, following successful immunization against hog cholera, and following infection of cholera-sick swine with secondary invaders indicates that the ...
A.C.F. Brescia Calcio Femminile S.s.d. a r.l., known as Brescia Calcio Femminile is an Italian womens football club from Capriolo, near Brescia. It was founded in 1985 as FCF Capriolo Arredamenti Ostilio. In 2000 it moved to Bergamo, where it played for five seasons as ACF Pro Bergamo. The team adopted its current name in 2005 as it returned to Capriolo. In 1994-95 the team won a regional championship. Then in 1996-97 won their Serie D division. They finished second in Serie C in 2001-02 and again in 2003-04 after which they promoted after play-off. In 2006-07 they won Serie B and got promoted to Serie A2. In 2008-09 they won Serie A2. Since 2009-10 Brescia has played Serie A. In its first year at top level they were 9th, avoiding relegation. In the 2010-11 season Brescia was the surprise team of the league and competed with UPC Tavagnacco for a Champions League spot. Finally Brescia ranked 3rd. Brescia striker Daniela Sabatino was the second top scorer of the season with 25 goals, just one shy ...
During the 2001-02 Italian football season, Brescia Calcio competed in the Serie A. Brescia Calcio finished the season in 13th position in the Serie A table. In other competitions, Brescia reached the semifinals of the Coppa Italia. Luca Toni was the top scorer for Brescia with 13 goals in all competitions. Federico Agliardi Luca Castellazzi Pavel Šrniček Daniele Bonera Alessandro Calori Angelo Danotti Amedeo Mangone Vittorio Mero Fabio Petruzzi Jonathan Bachini Jonathan Binotto Antonio Filippini Emanuele Filippini Federico Giunti Roberto Guana Pep Guardiola Marek Koźmiński Markus Schopp Andrea Sussi Matteo Tachini Andrés Yllana Roberto Baggio Andrea Caracciolo Mario Antonio Salgado Igli Tare Luca ...
Complete coverage of the Novara Calcio v Brescia Calcio match including videos, highlights, interviews, match reports and debates.
Check out the result of a match between Livorno - Brescia Calcio that was played on 2009-06-20 21:00:00. Find out other matches results.
A report from the Brescia Renal COVID Task Force on the clinical characteristics and short-term outcome of hemodialysis patients with SARS-CoV-2 ...
This page contains an complete overview of all already played and fixtured season games and the season tally of the club Brescia in the season 05/06.
Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital , Brescia, via Bissolati, 57- Tel. +39 030-35151 P.iva 02663120984, N.REA BS468431. All information contained in the site are for informational purposes only.. Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital is not responsible for eventual damages caused by third parties resulting from the use, or misuse of information contained including errors related to the content. ...
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious swine disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). Previously, we demonstrated that rAdV-SFV-E2, an adenovirus-delivered, Semliki Forest virus replicon-vectored marker vaccine against CSF, is able to protect pigs against lethal CSFV challenge. From an economical point of view, it will be beneficial to reduce the minimum effective dose of the vaccine. This study was designed to test the adjuvant effects of Salmonella enteritidis-derived bacterial ghosts (BG) to enhance the protective immunity of rAdV-SFV-E2 in pigs. Groups of 5-week-old pigs (n = 4) were immunized intramuscularly twice with 105 median tissue culture infective doses (TCID50) rAdV-SFV-E2 combined with 1010 colony forming units (CFU) BG, 106 or 105 TCID50 rAdV-SFV-E2 alone or 1010 CFU BG alone at an interval of 3 weeks, and challenged with the highly virulent CSFV Shimen strain at 1 week post-booster immunization. The results show that the pigs inoculated with 105 TCID50 rAdV-SFV
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) infection causes significant losses of pigs, which is characterized by hemorrhage, disseminated intravascular coagulation and leucopenia. The swine vascular endothelial cell is a primary target cell for CSFV. The aim of this study was to determine the role of CSFV infection in inducing oxidative stress (OS) in vascular endothelial cells. We demonstrated that CSFV infection induced oxidative stress in swine umbilical vein endothelial cells (SUVECs), characterized by the induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the elevations of porcine antioxidant proteins thioredoxin (Trx), peroxiredoxin-6 (PRDX-6) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression. Furthermore, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a pro-inflammatory protein related to oxidative stress, was up-regulated while anti-inflammatory protein peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), an important mediator in vascular functional regulation, was down-regulated in the CSFV infected cells. In addition,
Graham, SP, Everett, HE, Haines, FJ, Johns, HL, Sosan, OA, Salguero, FJ, Clifford, DJ, Steinbach, F, Drew, TW and Crooke, HR (2012) Challenge of Pigs with Classical Swine Fever Viruses after C-Strain Vaccination Reveals Remarkably Rapid Protection and Insights into Early Immunity ...
A surveillance program directed specifically at detecting Classical Swine Fever is now in progress at Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (ISU VDL). The ISU VDL is one of the 12 core laboratories in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). The primary function of NAHLN labs is to participate in ongoing surveillance and response to foreign animal diseases and other events requiring an integrated laboratory effort of preparedness, controlled testing, and timely reporting. Federal funding for this program provides equipment and diagnostic reagents as well as support for technical positions and proficiency training of technicians. The ISU VDL has the in-house capability to test for Classical Swine Fever, High Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Exotic Newcastle Disease.. Diagnosticians at the ISU VDL will select suspect cases from routine submissions to the ISU VDL. The criteria listed below will be used in case selection.. ...
Read Induction of immune responses in mice and pigs by oral administration of classical swine fever virus E2 protein expressed in rice calli, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Read Pathway analysis in blood cells of pigs infected with classical swine fever virus: comparison of pigs that develop a chronic form of infection or recover, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The early identification of classical swine fever epizootics is hampered by difficulties in recognising early signs of infection, due to a lack of specific clinical signs. In addition many textbook descriptions of CSF are based on observations of disease caused by historic, mainly genotype 1, strains. Our objective was to improve our knowledge of the diverse range of signs that different CSFV strains can cause by characterising the experimental infection of domestic pigs with both a recent strain of CSFV and a divergent strain. Conventional pigs were inoculated with a genotype 2.1 isolate, that caused an outbreak in the UK in 2000, and a genotype 3.3 strain that is genetically divergent from European strains. This latter strain is also antigenically distinct as it is only poorly recognised by the CSFV-specific monoclonal antibody, WH303. Transmission was monitored by use of in-contact animals. Clinical, virological and haematological parameters were observed and an extended macro- and ...
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) -specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were derived from peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes of immunized NIH-minipigs (MHC d/d haplotype) after in vitro restimulation with infectious CSFV. Their cytotoxic activity was determined against CSFV-infected target cells obtained from simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen-transfected immortalized kidney cells of a syngeneic miniature swine. Experiments with separated effector cell populations revealed that the CSFV-specific cytotoxic activity was mediated by CD4-CD6+CD8+ MHC class I-restricted T lymphocytes. Infection of target cells with various vaccinia virus/CSFV recombinants led to the identification of a major antigenic site for CSFV-specific CTL near the cleavage site between the non-structural proteins p80 (NS3) and p10 (NS4a). Using synthetic overlapping nonapeptides which covered this protein region the sequence ENALLVALF is the first sequence to be identified as an MHC class I-restricted T cell epitope
inproceedings{377967, author = {Dewulf, Jeroen and Laevens, Hans and KOENEN, F and Mintiens, Koen and de Kruif, Aart}, booktitle = {of the OIE International Conference on the Control of Infectious Animal Diseases by Vaccination}, title = {The use of conventional and marker vaccines in the control of classical swine fever epidemics}, year = {2004 ...
Outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) can lead to large economic losses and have a major impact on animal welfare. A pig infected by CSF virus (CSFV) may show specific clinical symptoms (conjunctivitis, skin haemorrhages, cyanotic ears and lameness), but often the signs are aspecific (fever, dullness, diarrhoea and loss of appetite; Klinkenberg et al. 2005). Meanwhile, the infection can spread rapidly to other pigs (Laevens et al. 1998) and to other farms. At the moment the disease is first detected, a large number of farms may already be infected. To halt the epidemic, reducing the number of susceptible animals in the affected area is often required, especially in pig-dense regions. Two methods to achieve this are pre-emptive culling and emergency vaccination. Pre-emptive culling was used in the later stages of the 1997/1998 epidemic of CSF in The Netherlands, causing a large number of animals to be destroyed or prematurely slaughtered. This and subsequent experiences with foot-and-mouth ...
At his regular weekly round-up meeting with stakeholders, the Governments Chief Veterinary Officer, Jim Scudamore, emphasised the importance and reasons behind the current control measures against the outbreak of classical swine fever in East Anglia. Noting the recent reductions in the size of current infected areas, and the Commissions decision to limit the ban on exports of live pigs to Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex, he said: Classical swine fever is a virulent disease which, once established, can be difficult to control.
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is an endemic disease in Cuba, and an eradication strategy by zones is planned by the Official Veterinary Service. The aim of this study was to identify high-risk areas of CSF and the risk factors associated with the disease occurrence in the Pinar del Río province, one of the prioritized areas in the eradication strategy. The outbreak occurrence at district level was analyzed through a 7-year period (2009 to 2015). A high-risk cluster (RR = 5.13, 95% CI 3.49-7.56) was detected during the last 2 years of the study period in the eastern half of the province, with 38 out of 97 districts included. The rate of CSF-affected holdings had a significant increase during 2014-2015 and seems to have occurred mainly in the high-risk cluster area. Swine population density by district (heads/km2) and road length (km) by district were associated with the disease outbreak occurrence. These results provide new insights into the knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease in Cuban endemic
Zdravilo Porcilis Pesti so preučevali v okviru dveh terenskih študij varnosti, eni na pitancih in eni na svinjah, pri čemer sta bila uporabljena različna odmerka cepiva. Terenske študije potrjujejo rezultate laboratorijskih preizkusov varnosti in kažejo, da je izdelek varen za ciljne živali (pujski od 5 meseca dalje) in najobčutljivejšo kategorijo živali (breje svinje).. Glavno merilo učinkovitosti pri terenskih študijah s pujski je bilo preživetje pujskov, če so bili izpostavljeni virusu KPK pozneje v življenju. Pujski so bili testirani tudi za viremijo (prisotnost virusa v krvi). Začetek in trajanje imunosti so merili na podlagi protiteles proti antigenu (E2) virusa KPK, ki so jih tvorili pujski. Maternalno pridobljena protitelesa niso vplivala na rezultate cepljenja.. ...
Older research outputs will score higher simply because theyve had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 110,632 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 76% of its contemporaries ...
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The present study investigated the transcriptomic response of porcine dendritic cells (DC) to innate stimulation in vitro and in vivo. The aim was to identify DC subset-specialization, suitable Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands targeting plasmacytoid DC (pDC), and the DC activation profile during highly and low virulent classical swine fever virus (CSFV, strain Eystrup and Pinar del Rio, respectively) infection, chosen as model for a virus causing a severe immunopathology. After identification of porcine conventional DC (cDC) 1, cDC2, pDC and a monocyte-derived subset in lymphoid tissues, we characterized DC activation using transcriptomics, and focused on chemokines, interferons, cytokines, as well as on co-stimulatory and inhibitory molecules. We demonstrate that porcine pDC provide important signals for Th1 and interferon responses, with CpG triggering the strongest responses in pDC. DC isolated early after infection of pigs with either of the two CSFV strains showed prominent upregulation of CCL5,
2008) Classical swine fever virus vaccine stability in Lao PDR. In: Conlan, J., Blacksell, S., Morrissy, C. and Colling, A., (eds.) Management of classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease in Lao PDR : proceedings of an international workshop held in Vientiane, Lao PDR, 20-21 November 2006. ACIAR Proceedings No. 128. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia, pp. 80-83. Morrissy, C., Wright, L., Conlan, J., Goff, W., Colling, A., Hammond, J., Johnson, M., Blacksell, S. and Daniels, P. ...
Baroness Hayman today attended a meeting between senior MAFF officials and representatives of all industries affected by the CSF outbreak. The Minister of State had been invited to the meeting at Harleston, Norfolk, which provided a further opportunity to discuss face-to-face with those affected the practical welfare and financial problems being experienced in infected areas. Speaking after the meeting Baroness Hayman said: Classical swine fever is a highly contagious pig disease which can have a devastating impact on businesses and families, whether through the disease itself or consequential movement restrictions. I have come to East Anglia again today to listen directly to those affected by this outbreak. A variety of issues were raised which will be considered both at the control centre in Bury St Edmunds and in London. Controlling this disease remains of paramount importance to farmers and the wider industry. It is our first priority. We have been aware for some time of the potential welfare
hybridization patterns, the distinct genotypes of CSFV Brecent years. It can detect different pathogens in a could be differentiated. The results showed that the piece of chip and can differentiate the various CSFV amplified by primer CP5.6 could be classified into genotypes in the same species. In 2003, a bio-chip three genotypes, including the native, invaded, and diagnosis system was established by using classical lapinized hog cholera vaccine virus by hybridization swine fever virus (CSFV) as a model. Nucleotide with oligonucleotide probe. No cross reaction was sequences of classical swine fever virus were collected found when the bio-chip was hybridized with bovine from the GenBank, and the domestic CSFV field strains diarrhea disease virus which was closely related to the were sequenced. These sequence data were analyzed with a computer software by sequence alignment and apair of universal primers, which could amplify different News source: National Veterinary Research Insti- ...
No diagnostic sample submission is complete without including the tonsil. Because of their location in the oropharynx, the tonsils are exposed to a variety of viral and bacterial pathogens. Advances in diagnostic capabilities have made analysis of the tonsils an increasingly important tool in diagnosing a number of endemic swine diseases. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) now has funding to use the tonsil as part of a routine surveillance program to detect classical swine fever (CSF) and is offering incentives to encourage practitioners to submit samples for surveillance.. Tests using the tonsil have been developed by the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (FADDL) at USDAs Plum Island Animal Disease Center to aid in detection and diagnosis of CSF. USDAs Classical Swine Fever (CSF) Surveillance Procedure Manual1 includes tonsil, tonsil scrapings, and nasal swabs as appropriate samples for CSF detection if collected and ...
This video covers vaccines and diagnostic tests for avian influenza and is designed for those who will select vaccines and diagnostic tests to be used in an H5N1 avian influenza control program ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
TY - ABST. T1 - Virulence in pigs of vPader10 rescued from an infectious cDNA clone of the CSFV strain Paderborn. AU - Friis,Martin Barfred. AU - Nielsen,Jens. AU - Uttenthal,Åse. AU - Belsham,Graham. AU - Rasmussen,Thomas Bruun. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - The BAC clone, pBeloPader10, contains a complete cDNA of the CSFV strain Paderborn. Virus, named vPader10, was rescued from this construct by electroporation of RNA transcripts into porcine PK15 cells. To further study the characteristics of vPader10, we evaluated the virulence of this virus in vivo in pigs. An animal experiment was performed where three pigs were inoculated with vPader10 and housed in-contact with two non-inoculated pigs for 5 weeks. Following inoculation with vPader10, two out of three pigs displayed severe clinical signs of CSF from PID 14 that progressed until death of the pigs at PID 21 and PID 22, respectively. High fever (,41ºC) was observed in these pigs from PID 14 and remained at a high level until day of death. ...
Classical swine fever is currently not only a problem in certain regions of Germany but also in the Eastern Cape region. An outbreak means severe economical problems. The Eastern Cape agriculture authorities even admitted that they don`t know whether they are winning the fight against swine fever.
5 September 2000 New case of swine fever in Suffolk By FWi staff A FURTHER case of classical swine fever has been confirmed on a farm in the surveillance a
Economics of classical swine fever - CSF - hog cholera - movement ban controls on UK pig farms in protection and surveillance zones.
The domestic swine fever virus C strain was purified by USA, Japan, local swine fever, but the domestic swine fever epidemic is still serious. Control of classical swine fever, the industry has different views, many people think is the prob
The objective of this study was to describe oral fluid and serum antibody (IgG, IgA) responses against classical swine fever virus (CSFV) E2 and Erns proteins in pigs (n = 60) inoculated with a moderately virulent field strain (ALD, n = 30) or a modified live virus vaccine strain (LOM, n = 30). Oral fluid (n = 1391) and serum (n = 591) samples were collected from individually-housed pigs between d ...
Genetic labelling of viruses with a fluorophore allows to study their life cycle in real time, without the need for fixation or staining techniques. Within the family Flaviviridae, options for genetic labelling of non-structural proteins exist. Yet, no system to genetically label structural proteins has been put forward to date. Taking advantage of a previously described site within the structural protein E2, a fluorophore was introduced into a cytopathogenic (cpe) BVDV-1 virus (BVDVE2_fluo). This insertion was well tolerated, resulting in a 2-fold drop in titer compared to the parental virus, and remained stably integrated into the genome for more than 10 passages. The fluorophore E2 fusion protein was readily detectable in purified virus particles by Western blot and fluorescence microscopy and the particle integrity and morphology was confirmed by cryo electron microscopy. The same integration site could also be used to label the related Classical swine fever virus. Also, BVDVE2_fluo particles bound
Brescia local information and maps. Brescia is a populated place in Lombardia, Italy, Europe. Brescia is also known as Brescia, Bresia, Brixia, Bréscia, Брешия, بريشيا, ブレシア.
First report focuses on African swine fever, foot-and-mouth disease and classical swine fever as the near real-time monitoring system is developed and tested.
It is unknown how widespread the new Linda virus is in the swine population. We are currently developing a serological test to learn more about the prevalence of the Linda virus in Austria, i.e. about the number of piglets it infects, says Lamp. The test will be important because analysis of the virus has shown that it is distantly related to the virus that causes classical swine fever. We cannot exclude the possibility that it might interfere with the official tests for swine fever. In addition, it is unclear how much of a danger the newly discovered virus poses for pig breeding. The Spanish word linda is usually translated as pretty or cute but there is nothing pretty or cute about the newly discovered Linda virus. Till Rümenapf, the Head of the Institute, notes that Because it also infects the uterus of pregnant sows, the Linda virus could disrupt the development of the piglets cerebral cortex, like infection with the Zika virus. However, we should remember that the closest ...
Overall 137 programmes have been selected for EU funding to tackle animal diseases that impact on human and animal health as well as trade. The elected programmes were granted the following allocation: Bovine Tuberculosis (about €71 million); Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (about €54 million); Bovine Brucellosis (about €7.4 million), rabies (€25 million); Bluetongue (€1.5 million); Classical Swine Fever (€2.5 million); Salmonellosis (about €16.6 million); Avian influenza (€2.6 million) and African Swine Fever in Sardinia (€1.4 million ...
AUSTRIA - Some newly born piglets shiver even when they are kept warm. So-called "shaking piglets" have symptoms that resemble those of the classical swine fever, with extensive damage to the brain and the spinal cord.
Alamian S, Amiry K, Bahreinipour A, Etemadi A, Tebianian M, Mehrabadi MHF and Dadar M (2021) Brucella species circulating in rural and periurban dairy cattle farms: a comparative study in an endemic area. Tropical Animal Health and Production 53:200. doi:10.1007/s11250-021-02645-y.. Amarir F, Rhalem A, Sadak A, Raes M, Oukessou M, Saadi A, Bouslikhane M, Gauci CG, Lightowlers MW, Kirschvink N and Marcotty T (2021) Control of cystic echinococcosis in the Middle Atlas, Morocco: Field evaluation of the EG95 vaccine in sheep and cesticide treatment in dogs. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15:e0009253. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0009253.. Bazarragchaa E, Isoda N, Kim T, Tetsuo M, Ito S, Matsuno K and Sakoda Y (2021) Efficacy of oral vaccine against classical swine fever in wild boar and estimation of the dsease dynamics in the quantitative approach. Viruses 13. doi:10.3390/v13020319.. Bertran K, Kassa A, Criado MF, Nuñez IA, Lee DH, Killmaster L, Sá E Silva M, Ross TM, Mebatsion T, Pritchard N and ...
TY - CONF. T1 - New and emerging technologies: Improved laboratory and on-site detection of OIE List A viruses in animals and animal products. AU - Belak, Sandor. AU - Uttenthal, Åse. AU - Hakhverdyan, Mikhayil. AU - Allan, Gordon. AU - Sanchez-Vizcaino, Jose Manuel. AU - Istvan, Kiss. AU - Merza, Malik. AU - Brocchi, Emiliana. AU - van Reeth, Kristien. AU - King, Donald. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. KW - Classical swine fever. KW - Foot and Mouth Disease. KW - Virus. KW - OIE listed diseases. M3 - Poster. T2 - 2nd Annual Meeting EPIZONE. Y2 - 4 June 2008 through 6 June 2008. ER - ...
Dr. Dilip Kumar Sarma received his B.V.Sc &A.H. Degree from Assam Agricultural University in 1978 securing first class first position. He did his M.V.Sc and Ph.D degrees in Veterinary Bacteriology and Virology from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India in 1981 and 1987 respectively. He had one year post doctoral research training at the AFRC Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Surrey, U.K. under Commonwealth Govt. Scholarship. He has worked as Lecturer, Asstt. Professor, Virologist and as a Professor in the Department of Microbiology, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati, since 2004. He has received the National Fellow Award of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India to work in a project on Classical swine fever and he has been working in the project since 2005. He has guided four Ph.D students, published two textbooks and 165 research papers in the National and International Journals and several popular scientific articles. He has ...
Calories in Bourbon Alfort Cookie. Find nutrition facts for Bourbon Alfort Cookie and over 2,000,000 other foods in MyFitnessPal.coms food database.
At least 210 pigs and piglets have died due to outbreak of classical swine flu in Mizoram-Myanmar border Champhai town and Biate village in Champhai
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All of which added up to his grabbing a syringe of hog cholera vaccine when he really figured on giving a tetanus lKK sier.Plants by far are the biggest
Not only do these foods-stuffs not nourish you, but they can feed the harmful bacteria in your gut (where 70 percent of your immune system resides). Eventually the harmful bacteria can overpower your friendly flora, which can hamper your immune functioning ...
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Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) oder Hog cholera virus. *Familie ‚Fusariviridae'[47][48][49] ... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus. ...
Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease ... "Classical swine fever" (PDF). The Center for Food Security and Public Health. Retrieved 20 May 2017. "Scrapie Fact Sheet". ... "Swine Growing-Finishing Units" (PDF). Pork Industry handbook. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 17 May ... nor a swine was there left, that was not set down in [the king's] writ." For example, the royal manor of Earley in Berkshire, ...
Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease ... "Classical swine fever" (PDF). The Center for Food Security and Public Health. Retrieved 20 May 2017. "Scrapie Fact Sheet". ... For example, the Livestock Mandatory Reporting Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-78, Title IX) defines livestock only as cattle, swine, and ... "Swine Growing-Finishing Units" (PDF). Pork Industry handbook. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 17 May ...
They cause Classical swine fever (CSF) and Bovine viral diarrhea(BVD). Mucosal disease is a distinct, chronic persistent ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus which replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells and ... Flaviviruses include the West Nile virus, dengue virus, Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus, Yellow Fever Virus, and several other ... yellow fever virus and the tick-borne flaviviruses e.g. louping ill virus. Paramyxoviruses are a diverse family of non- ...
"U18666A inhibits classical swine fever virus replication through interference with intracellular cholesterol trafficking". ...
"Ribosomal binding to the internal ribosomal entry site of classical swine fever virus". RNA. 6 (12): 1791-1807. doi:10.1017/ ...
The classical swine fever virus UTR described appears to be longer at the 5' end than other pestivirus UTRs. This family ... "Ribosomal binding to the internal ribosomal entry site of classical swine fever virus". RNA. 6 (12): 1791-1807. doi:10.1017/ ...
"African Swine Fever Summary sheets" (PDF). "Classical Swine Fever" (PDF). August 2008. "Classical Swine Fever (hog cholera) ... Classical swine fever (hog cholera) Classical swine fever (CSF), also known as hog cholera, is a highly contagious and ... Lesions of classical swine fever are clinico-pathologically indistinguishable from African swine fever; it is essential to send ... Classical swine fever was once widespread, but has been eradicated from many countries from domestic swine, including the US. A ...
... including classical swine fever and African swine fever. PIADC runs about 30,000 diagnostic tests each year. PIADC operates ... The principal diseases studied are foot-and-mouth disease, classical swine fever, and vesicular stomatitis virus. USDA Animal ...
Diseases of primary concern are: classical swine fever, African swine fever, Newcastle disease, and notifiable avian influenza ... Rift Valley fever, capripox, lumpy skin disease, glanders, and classical swine fever. Animal Care - The Animal Care Unit ... In addition to OIE Reference Laboratory status for classical swine fever and avian influenza, this Section is also the National ... NCFAD is organized into several Sections and Units: Classical Swine Fever/Avian Influenza - This Section provides diagnostic ...
... interacting protein involved in classical swine fever virus growth". Journal of Virology. 87 (4): 2072-80. doi:10.1128/JVI. ... experimental study found that a Sus scrofa PRR29-like protein interacts with the N-terminal protease of classical swine fever ...
Founded in Hungary in 1912, the Phylaxia Vaccine Production Co produced the first vaccine against classical swine fever. ... focused on the swine vaccine sector 2016: Hertape Saude Animale Ltda. and Inova Biotecnologia Saude Animale Ltda, Brazil, 2016 ... ruminants and swine. Ceva also supplies; hatchery vaccines, vaccination services and equipment; pheromone-based behavioural ... such as Rift Valley fever and Influenza. The North Carolina State College of Veterinary Medicine and Ceva are collaborating on ...
... modelling classical swine fever incursions in wild pigs in Australia". Veterinary Research. 43 (1): 3. doi:10.1186/1297-9716-43 ...
... and Classical and African swine fever affect pigs. Overall, the performances of this sub-sector are poor, with the exception of ...
Other members of this genus cause Border disease (sheep) and classical swine fever (pigs) which cause significant financial ...
... and studied classical swine fever and the horse disease dourine. Marek also published a study on the use of an endoscope in ...
... then returned to Minnesota and studied classical swine fever (also known as hog cholera). Bachrach found that the disease could ...
... disease is considered to be the most economically important viral disease of swine in areas where classical swine fever (hog ... The disease in swine became much more severe, outbreaks of respiratory disease in cattle rose dramatically, and the infection ... Swine (both domestic and feral) are usual reservoirs for this virus, though it does affect other species. Aujeszky's disease ... Pregnant swine can reabsorb their litters or deliver mummified, stillborn, or weakened piglets. In cattle (see next section), ...
... classical swine fever, African swine fever and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. Approximately 10% of the facility will be ...
... classical swine fever,[109] avian influenza,[110] Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia[111] and Salmonella infections in pigs.[112] ... Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid. The live ... Egg protein is present in influenza and yellow fever vaccines as they are prepared using chicken eggs. Other proteins may be ... T-cell receptor peptide vaccines are under development for several diseases using models of Valley Fever, stomatitis, and ...
... such as classical swine fever,[123] avian influenza,[124] Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia[125] and Salmonella infections in pigs ... Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid. The live ... Eggs were used for virus propagation in the development of a yellow fever vaccine in 1935 and a influenza vaccine in 1945. In ... Egg protein is present in the influenza vaccine and yellow fever vaccine as they are prepared using chicken eggs. Other ...
... causes Bovine viral diarrhea and Mucosal disease Pestivirus C or Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), causes Classical swine ... which includes various species of swine). Currently, 11 species are placed in this genus, including the type species Pestivirus ... fever Pestivirus D or Border disease virus (BDV), causes Border disease Pestivirus E or pronghorn pestivirus Pestivirus F or ...
... including classical swine fever virus, and Hepacivirus genus, including Hepatitis C virus. The SVV IRES RNA shares similarities ...
424) Classical Swine Fever Order (Northern Ireland) 2003 (S.R. 2003 No. 425) Employer's Liability (Compulsory Insurance) ... 493) African Swine Fever Order (Northern Ireland) 2003 (S.R. 2003 No. 494) Animal By-Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) ...
... virus QI09AA06 Classical swine fever virus QI09AA07 Porcine circovirus QI09AB01 Treponema QI09AB02 Escherichia QI09AB03 ... virus QI09AD04 Classical swine fever virus QI09AE01 Erysipelothrix QI09AE02 Salmonella QI09AE03 Escherichia QI09AE04 Lawsonia ...
... classical swine fever virus NS3 endopeptidase, CSFV NS3 endopeptidase, p80) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following ...
Texas cattle fever, classical swine fever (hog cholera), heartworm, and other parasitic infections. Animal experimentation ...
... classical swine fever virus MeSH B04.909.777.411 - hepatitis delta virus MeSH B04.909.777.415 - hepatitis e virus MeSH B04.909. ... classical swine fever virus MeSH B04.820.410.050 - allolevivirus MeSH B04.820.410.500 - levivirus MeSH B04.820.455.149 - ... african swine fever virus MeSH B04.909.204.120 - circoviridae MeSH B04.909.204.120.150 - circovirus MeSH B04.909.204.120.400 - ... african swine fever virus MeSH B04.280.065.249 - granulovirus MeSH B04.280.065.500 - nucleopolyhedrovirus MeSH B04.280.090.500 ...
Lawson stated that various rare diseases, such as foot and mouth disease, classical swine fever, and Contagious bovine ...
... estimate the risk of cancer Classical swine fever, contagious disease of pigs Contrast sensitivity function, relationship of ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ... He described the plague as "great" and of long duration, and mentioned fever, diarrhea, and pharyngitis as well as a skin ...
... which gave rise to the classical swine and human H1N1 influenza lineages. The last common ancestor of human strains dates to ... yellow fever, diphtheria, and cholera all occurred near the same time. These outbreaks probably lessened the significance of ... Looking Through Indonesia's History For Answers to Swine Flu Archived 2 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe ... One hypothesis is that the virus strain originated at Fort Riley, Kansas, in viruses in poultry and swine which the fort bred ...
The word comes from the medieval Latin scrōfula, diminutive of scrōfa, meaning brood sow, because swine were supposed to be ... The classical histologic pattern of scrofula features caseating granulomas with central acellular necrosis (caseous necrosis) ... such as fever, chills, malaise and weight loss in about 43% of the patients. As the lesion progresses, skin becomes adhered to ...
Artemisia annua is traditionally used to treat fever.[15] It has been found to have antimalarial properties.[15] ... For classical prescriptions, detailed analyses exist for the function of each single ingredient, discriminating between up to ... Fire/Heat (火, pinyin: huǒ): aversion to heat, high fever, thirst, concentrated urine, red face, red tongue, yellow tongue fur, ... Q 7. The main classical texts for reference of Ayurvedic principles include Charak Samhita, Susruta Samhita, Astanga Hridaya, ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Zika (2015-2016). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ... Swine influenza viruses have the ability to bind both types of sialic acid receptors. Hemagglutinin is the major antigen of the ... Pigs can also be infected with human, avian, and swine influenza viruses, allowing for mixtures of genes (reassortment) to ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ...
Bennet, S. (2008). "Mind and madness in classical antiquity". History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology: 175-197. doi: ... Christ cured this "demonic madness" by casting out the demons and hurling them into a herd of swine. Exorcism is still utilized ... psychosis as a sign of illness is often compared to fever since both can have multiple causes that are not readily apparent.[2] ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ...
"Fluoroquinolones for treating typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever)". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (10): ... Zimmerman, Jeffrey; Karriker, Locke; Ramirez, Alejandro; Kent Schwartz; Gregory Stevenson (15 May 2012). Diseases of Swine ( ... Classical diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) presents with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, but without diarrhea.[1] One study ... The first usage of "gastroenteritis" was in 1825.[79] Before this time it was commonly known as typhoid fever or "cholera ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *South Korean MERS (2015). *Zika (2015-2016). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *MERS in South Korea (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ...
The clinical symptoms of ASFV infection are very similar to classical swine fever, and the two diseases normally have to be ... "African Swine Fever (ASF)". PigSite. Archived from the original on 2018-06-14. Retrieved 2010-01-28. "African Swine Fever". ... In July, 3 farms discovered African swine fever in Estonia. [...] African swine fever spreads to farmed pigs, 500 animals to be ... "Fifth Bulgarian pig farm hit by African swine fever". RTÉ News. 2019-07-31. [African swine fever diagnosed in Slovakia, The ...
The fine arts are depicted as grey, classical male figures, looking desperate. This might be interpreted as the victory of ... holding a swine on a leash, viewed from the left side. The woman, said to be a courtesan, is almost naked, with the exception ... where the opopanax and cyclamen gave me a slight fever conducive towards production or even towards reproduction". The work ...
The family sold the farm after the outbreaks of swine fever in the early 1970s and moved to Drogheda, County Louth, where they ... He is a patron of Suzanne House and the Drogheda Classical Music Series. He is past Chairman of the Hunting Association of ...
Marion Dorsett, discovered in 1903 that swine fever (hog cholera) was caused by a virus; in 1935 he helped develop the crystal ... Private schools include Agathos Classical School, Zion Christian Academy and Columbia Academy. The city is home to the main ...
The medieval wild-man concept also drew on lore about similar beings from the Classical world such as the Roman faun and ... three swine-herds, that have made themselves all men of hair, they call themselves Saltiers, and they have a dance which the ... sending fever; Ukrainian Carpathian dika baba - an attractive woman in seven-league boots, sacrifices children and drinks their ... comparable to the satyr or faun type in classical mythology and to Silvanus, the Roman god of the woodlands. The defining ...
What is Classical Swine Fever. Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and economically significant viral disease of ... Feral swine collected by Wildlife Services (WS) *Swine Hemorrhagic Fevers: African and Classical Swine Fever Integrated ... Classical Swine Fever Surveillance. Please visit the African Swine Fever page for new information about the new APHIS ASF-CSF ... Although classical swine fever was once widespread, many countries have eradicated this disease from domesticated swine. CSF ...
... classical swine fever (CSF) can be roughly divided into three phases which are characterized by the methods available at the ... The history of research on hog cholera (HC)/classical swine fever (CSF) can be roughly divided into three phases which are ...
... or hog cholera is a highly contagious viral disease of swine (pigs and wild boar). Wageningen Bioveterinary Research conducts ... Classical swine fever. Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera is a highly contagious viral disease of swine (pigs and wild ... Transmission of classical swine fever takes place through direct contact between animals (secretions, excretions, semen, blood ... The clinical signs of classical swine fever are extremely variable and may be mistaken for many other diseases. CSF causes ...
Three regions of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) genome that have been widely sequenced were compared with respect to ... Genetic typing of classical swine fever virus Vet Microbiol. 2000 Apr 13;73(2-3):137-57. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1135(00)00141-3. ... Three regions of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) genome that have been widely sequenced were compared with respect to ... Classical Swine Fever / transmission * Classical Swine Fever / virology * Classical Swine Fever Virus / genetics* ...
... Natanael Lamas Dias,1 Antônio Augusto Fonseca Júnior,1 ...
Classical Swine Fever. Classical Swine Fever (CSF) or Hog Cholera is one of the most highly contagious viral diseases ( ... Classical Swine Fever. One to two vaccinations in piglets starting from 5 weeks of age depending on disease pressure; boars and ... The vaccine fully protects pigs against Classical Swine Fever Challenge 7 days post-vaccination. Products ... pestivirus) that causes respiratory symptoms in pigs, resulting in serious economic losses in the swine industry. Coglapest® ...
CROATIA - This is follow up report No.9 via OIE on the Classical Swine Fever outbreak in domestic pigs in Croatia. ... Swine. 20.93%. 2.33%. 11.11%. 100.00%. * Removed from the susceptible population either through death, destruction or slaughter ... Pathogens are a global threat to the swine industry. They arise from bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic sources. Nu… ... Speed is essential to stopping the spread of disease during an outbreak in the swine industry. ...
CROATIA - This is follow up report No.9 via OIE on the Classical Swine Fever outbreak in domestic pigs in Croatia. ... Swine. 20.93%. 2.33%. 11.11%. 100.00%. * Removed from the susceptible population either through death, destruction or slaughter ... In Part 2 of this two-part series, Ryan Strobel, DVM, and Chris Sievers, DVM, with the Swine Vet Center, St. Peter, Minn… ... From veterinarian to forensic detective: Solving a mysterious swine disease. 27 Nov 2020. ...
... informed the OIE that a simulation exercise on classical swine fever in wild boar as well as a workshop will take place in her ... Home » Simulation exercises » Simulation exercise: Classical swine fever in Slovenia. Simulation exercise: Classical swine ...
... informed the OIE that a field simulation exercise on classical swine fever will take place from 28 to 29 October 2014 in Orange ... Home » Simulation exercises » Simulation exercise: Classical swine fever in Belize. Simulation exercise: Classical swine fever ...
Classical Swine Fever Standard Operating Procedure OIE. *Terrestrial Animal Health Code: Infection with Classical Swine Fever ... Classical swine fever (CSF), also called hog cholera or swine fever, is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. ... Classical Swine Fever. Other Names: Hog Cholera, Swine Fever, Peste du Porc, Colera Porcina, Virusschweinepest ... Appendix B: Vaccination for Classical Swine Fever (2017) This document is a supplement to FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: ...
Classical swine fever (CSF) remains one of the most economically important viral diseases of domestic pigs and wild boar ... Classical swine fever (CSF) remains one of the most economically important viral diseases of domestic pigs and wild boar ... classical swine fever, CSF virus, China, epidemiology, control strategy. Citation: Zhou B (2019) Classical Swine Fever in China ... Wang Q. The impact of classical swine fever and African swine fever on pig industry. Sci Agr Sin. (2018) 51:4143-5. doi: ...
Staff publications is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research. Staff publications contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.. Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.. Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.. We have a manual that explains all the features ...
... Author(s). Smit, A.J. de; Bouma, A.; Terpstra, C.; ...
Classical Swine Fever Confirmed in Columbia Disease and welfare Managing disease Biosecurity and Hygiene ... COLUMBIA - There has been four new cases of classical swine fever reported and confirmed in the Magdalena region of Columbia. ... or the threat of African swine fever (ASF) today, being prepared is key to minimizing the potential impact on the US swine herd ... Swine Health Information Center: Preparing for emerging diseases. 7 Aug 2020. Whether the issue is an emerging disease such as ...
... regions of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced directly from 158 specimens collected ... Phylogenetic analysis of classical swine fever virus in Taiwan Arch Virol. 2005 Jun;150(6):1101-19. doi: 10.1007/s00705-004- ... Two envelope glycoprotein (Erns and E2) regions of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) were amplified by RT-PCR and ... Classical Swine Fever / virology* * Classical Swine Fever Virus / classification* * Classical Swine Fever Virus / genetics* ...
Classical Swine Fever, Iowa State University Species Profile - Classical Swine Fever, National Invasive Species Information ... Classical swine fever virus becomes Pestivirus C... ICTV 7th Report van Regenmortel, M.H.V., Fauquet, C.M., Bishop, D.H.L., ... Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly ... CSF page of Pig Disease Information Centre (UK) Current status of Classical Swine Fever worldwide at OIE. WAHID Interface - OIE ...
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) Surveillance Program. Earn $50 by participating in a Classical Swine Fever (CSF) surveillance ... The ISU VDL has the in-house capability to test for Classical Swine Fever, High Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Exotic Newcastle ... A surveillance program directed specifically at detecting Classical Swine Fever is now in progress at Iowa State University ...
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease, caused by an RNA-type of Pestivirus. CSF was eradicated from ... Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease, caused by an RNA-type of Pestivirus. CSF was eradicated from ... The clinical signs of CSF are similar to African Swine Fever. CSF makes animals feverish, dull, feel exhausted and exhibit a ... Within an infected herd, a high proportion of pigs may become ill with a high fever, and many of them die. ...
Two discoveries by Kansas State Universitys Jishu Shi take aim at classical swine fever, a highly contagious swine disease. ... "Classical swine fever is one of the diseases that will be studied at NBAF, and were proud to be supporting progress in ... Classical swine fever was eradicated in the U.S. in 1978 but still plagues pork producers in China and other countries. , ... Classical swine fever has not been eliminated in China, and each of the 700 million pigs raised annually in the country ...
Classical Swine Fever Differential Diagnoses. Classical Swine Fever Differential Diagnoses. Classical Swine Fever Differential ...
... in a bid to help contain an outbreak of classical swine fever. ... in a bid to help contain an outbreak of classical swine fever. ...
The high costs of a Classical Swine Fever (CSF) -outbreak, the social impact and resistance against destruction of pigs have ... Immunological mechanisms of protection against classical swine fever virus: towards the development of new efficacious marker ...
Pork and pork products from regions where classical swine fever exists. *§ 94.10 Swine from regions where classical swine fever ... AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, SWINE VESICULAR...AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED ... African swine fever, classical swine fever, or swine vesicular disease exists. ... 94.32 Restrictions on the importation of live swine, pork, or pork products from certain regions free of classical swine fever. ...
FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, NEWCASTLE DISEASE, HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA, AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, SWINE ... Pork and pork products from regions where classical swine fever exists.. (a) APHIS considers classical swine fever to exist in ... d) Thoroughly cured and fully dried pork and pork products from regions where both classical swine fever and swine vesicular ... 2) APHIS will add a region to the list of those it has declared free of classical swine fever after it conducts an evaluation ...
... and Sinaloa to the list of regions considered free of classical swine fever. We have conducted a series of risk evaluations and ... Swine from regions where classical swine fever exists. (a) Classical swine fever is known to exist in all regions of the world ... Pork and pork products from regions where classical swine fever exists. (a) Classical swine fever is known to exist in all ... AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED IMPORTATIONS 6. The ...
Classical swine fever is a virulent disease which, once established, can be difficult to control. ... emphasised the importance and reasons behind the current control measures against the outbreak of classical swine fever in East ... UK: Classical Swine Fever Chief Vet Encourages Continued Vigilance. By Press Release , 29 August 2000 ... "Classical swine fever is a virulent disease which, once established, can be difficult to control. ...
While classical swine fever does not cause foodborne illness in people, economic losses to pork producers would be severe if ... Genetic typing of classical swine fever virus. Veterinary Microbiology 73(2-3):137-157. ... Home » Species Profiles » Terrestrial Invasives » Terrestrial Pathogens and Diseases » Classical Swine Fever ... Classic swine fever, ARS discoveries are providing vital information to help fight this economically devastating disease, which ...
Classical swine fever, African swine fever, CP7_E2alf, marker vaccine candidate. Subjects:. 500 Natural sciences and ... Classical and African swine fever in domestic pigs and European wild boar. optimization of control Strategies and laboratory ... Classical and African swine fever in domestic pigs and European wild boar. optimization of control Strategies and laboratory ... Classical and African swine fever are highly contagious, notifiable viral diseases affecting different members of the Suidae ...
Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine can cause acute, chronic, or congenital disease considered ... Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. ... Classical Swine Fever) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. *By flora ... Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine ... PowerPoint Slideshow about Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever) - flora. An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download ...
  • Three regions of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) genome that have been widely sequenced were compared with respect to their ability to discriminate between isolates and to segregate viruses into genetic groups. (nih.gov)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), is a Pestivirus in the Flaviviridae family. (frontiersin.org)
  • Two envelope glycoprotein (Erns and E2) regions of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced directly from 158 specimens collected between 1989 and 2003 in Taiwan. (nih.gov)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is the causative agent of one of the most devastating porcine haemorrhagic viral diseases, classical swine fever (CSF). (nih.gov)
  • As a result of the government's classical swine fever eradication program, Jeju Island, South Korea, became a classical swine fever virus (CSFV)-free area, and vaccination efforts ceased there in 1999 ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Strong prohibition of live pig trade has also contributed to the maintenance of CSFV-naive herds on Jeju Island for over a decade, although sporadic classical swine fever outbreaks have occurred in mainland South Korea, despite mandatory vaccination with the LOM strain ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, little is known about how vaccination impacts the selective pressures acting on the classical swine fever virus (CSFV). (medworm.com)
  • With classical swine fever virus (CSFV) commonplace in the world and barely outside the borders of North America, it is reasonable to expect that CSFV will eventually be reintroduced into North America. (pork.org)
  • Possible use of a commercial blocking ELISA of classical swine fever antibody was also evaluated by using oral fluid samples from a CSFV-free herd mixed with serially diluted known CSFV antibody titers as a pilot study and compared to the neutralizing peroxidase-linked assay (NPLA). (pork.org)
  • In addition, testing oral fluid samples using an improved sensitivity blocking ELISA may benefit the North American swine producers to rapidly identify premises infected with CSFV following its introduction into North America much faster than using the molecular diagnostic methods. (pork.org)
  • The classical swine fever virus (CSFV) C-strain has been used as a vaccine strain for over 60 years in China. (springer.com)
  • Envelope glycoprotein E rns of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) has been shown to contain RNase activity and is involved in virus infection. (asm.org)
  • The mutated proteins reacted with E rns -specific neutralizing monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and were still able to inhibit infection of swine kidney cells (SK6) with CSFV, but at a concentration higher than that measured for intact E rns . (asm.org)
  • Analyses of cellular DNA of swine kidney cells showed that the RNase-negative CSFV induced apoptosis. (asm.org)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), and border disease virus belong to the genus Pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae ( 10 ). (asm.org)
  • It was found that while control pigs infected with CSFV stopped growing and developed high fever (>40 °C), high level CSFV load in blood and nasal fluid, and severe leukopenia 3-14 days post challenge, all KNB-E2 vaccinated pigs continued to grow as control pigs without CSFV exposure, did not show any fever, had low or undetectable level of CSFV in blood and nasal fluid. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Subunit recombinant vaccines against classical swine fever virus (CSFV) are a promising alternative to overcome practical and biosafety issues with inactivated vaccines. (asm.org)
  • Previously we had demonstrated the efficacy of this antigen, which conferred early protection and long-lasting immunity in swine against CSFV infection. (asm.org)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) E2 glycoprotein was expressed in an alphavirus based replicon expression system. (iastate.edu)
  • In this study, hemoglobin subunit beta (HB) was identified as a C protein-binding protein by glutathione S-transferase pulldown and subsequent mass spectrometry analysis of PK-15 cells, which are permissive cells for classical swine fever virus (CSFV). (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Pestiviruses such as classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) are some of the most economically important livestock diseases in the world. (k-state.edu)
  • The antigenic similarities between members of the pestivirus genus allow for both BVDV and CSFV to infect swine. (k-state.edu)
  • Infections with heterologous pestiviruses in swine can interfere with diagnostic tests for CSFV. (k-state.edu)
  • The approach was to use serum neutralization assays to confirm the presence of neutralizing antibodies to BVDV in swine serum collected from animals immunized with one of three separate Alphavirus vaccine constructs: BVDV-1b, CSFV E2, and CSFV E[superscript]rns. (k-state.edu)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) caused by CSF virus (CSFV) is a highly contagious disease of the pigs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious fatal infectious disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) -specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were derived from peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes of immunized NIH-minipigs (MHC d/d haplotype) after in vitro restimulation with infectious CSFV. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Their cytotoxic activity was determined against CSFV-infected target cells obtained from simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen-transfected immortalized kidney cells of a syngeneic miniature swine. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Self-replicating RNAs (replicons), with or without reporter gene sequences, derived from the genome of the Paderborn strain of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) have been produced. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • After comparative testing of candidate chimeras [ 4 , 12 ] and thorough review of the available background data, "CP7_E2alf" was chosen as final candidate in the EU funded research project "Improve tools and strategies for the prevention and control of classical swine fever" (CSFV_goDIVA, KBBE-227003). (biomedcentral.com)
  • E2 gene of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) was cloned into secretory pPIC9K Pichia pastoris expression vector. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The Lapinized Philippines Coronel (LPC) vaccine, an attenuated strain of classical swine fever virus (CSFV), is an important tool for the prevention and control of CSFV infection and is widely and routinely used in most CSF endemic areas, including Taiwan. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Following CSFV challenge, the LPC-vaccinated pigs pre-inoculated with PCV2 showed transient fever, viremia, and viral shedding in the saliva and feces. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Researchers have developed genetically modified pigs that are protected from Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), according to a study published in PLOS Pathogens by Hongsheng Ouyang of Jilin University, and colleagues. (star-idaz.net)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) causes severe disease in pigs associated with leukopenia, haemorrhage and fever. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is one of the most important animal disease pathogens in the world. (sciencebridge.de)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) infects pigs and wild boar. (pirbright.ac.uk)
  • CSFV causes classical swine fever which is highly contagious. (pirbright.ac.uk)
  • Porcilis Pesti (Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) -E2. (vetxed.com)
  • The Classical Swine Fever Virus antibody ELISA kit will measure the amount of antibody to CSFV E2 in the serum of pigs. (arivet.com)
  • Anti-pig antibody labelled with the enzyme alkaline phosphatase is then added to the wells and binds to any Swine anti- CSFV E2 originally bound to antigen. (arivet.com)
  • 1. INTRODUCTION Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the Pestivirus genus of the Flaviridae family, is an important worldwide cause of morbidity, mortality, and enormous economic losses in pig industries [12, 23]. (03964.com)
  • While eradication programmes based on stamping-out have been followed to eliminate classical swine fever (CSF) in many countries, these pig populations remain under constant threat, particularly where CSFV is enzootic in wild boars. (03964.com)
  • In addition to their value as livestock, pigs are susceptible to classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and can serve as reservoirs for CSFV, allowing it to develop into an epizootic. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a pestivirus of the Flaviviridae family [ 8 ] with an enveloped virion incorporating glycosylated membrane proteins. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Classical swine fever Virus (CSFV) is relatively stable in moist excretions of infected pigs, pig carcasses and fresh pig meat and some pig meat products. (tiho-hannover.de)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and economically significant viral disease of pigs. (usda.gov)
  • Signs of CSF vary with the strain of classical swine fever virus and the age and susceptibility of the pigs. (usda.gov)
  • Transmission of classical swine fever takes place through direct contact between animals (secretions, excretions, semen, blood) or indirect contact through vehicles, clothes, instruments, needles, and insufficiently cooked waste food fed to pigs. (wur.nl)
  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF) or Hog Cholera is one of the most highly contagious viral diseases (pestivirus) that causes respiratory symptoms in pigs, resulting in serious economic losses in the swine industry. (thepigsite.com)
  • The vaccine fully protects pigs against Classical Swine Fever Challenge 7 days post-vaccination. (thepigsite.com)
  • CROATIA - This is follow up report No.9 via OIE on the Classical Swine Fever outbreak in domestic pigs in Croatia. (thepigsite.com)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) remains one of the most economically important viral diseases of domestic pigs and wild boar worldwide. (frontiersin.org)
  • Subclinical signs such as intermittent fever and inappetence can be seen in chronically infected pigs, and although not life threatening, morbidity is still high ( 3 , 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Within an infected herd, a high proportion of pigs may become ill with a high fever, and many of them die. (viva.org.uk)
  • A Kansas State University researcher has developed a method of producing a classical swine fever vaccine safely and inexpensively and has discovered specific antibodies that can be used to differentiate whether pigs are infected or vaccinated. (k-state.edu)
  • Classical swine fever has not been eliminated in China, and each of the 700 million pigs raised annually in the country currently receives two doses of vaccine against the virulent disease. (k-state.edu)
  • Pigs given the current modified live virus classical swine fever vaccine test positive for the disease. (k-state.edu)
  • The high costs of a Classical Swine Fever (CSF) -outbreak, the social impact and resistance against destruction of pigs have led to reconsideration of emergency vaccination against CSF. (europa.eu)
  • Noting the recent reductions in the size of current infected areas, and the Commission's decision to limit the ban on exports of live pigs to Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex, he said: "Classical swine fever is a virulent disease which, once established, can be difficult to control. (just-food.com)
  • African swine fever, one of the most important differential diagnoses of CSF, is currently affecting domestic pigs and wild boar on the territory of the Russian Federation. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Gabriel, Claudia (2012): Classical and African swine fever in domestic pigs and European wild boar: optimization of control Strategies and laboratory diagnosis. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The classical swine fever (CSF) DB (CSF-DB) became a valuable tool for supporting diagnosis and epidemiological investigations of this highly contagious disease in pigs with high socio-economic impacts worldwide. (mdpi.com)
  • Classical swine fever is a highly contagious disease of pigs that tremendously affects the swine industry. (cdc.gov)
  • Infectious diseases in pigs, particularly classical swine fever (CSF), are a major constraint to pig production in Nepal, but no laboratory diagnosis of CSF was available in Nepal until 2010. (bmj.com)
  • The latest victims of the African Swine Fever epidemic in China include a farm with almost 10,000 pigs in the. (pigprogress.net)
  • Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 932: Virus Adaptation and Selection Following Challenge of Animals Vaccinated against Classical Swine Fever Virus Viruses doi: 10.3390/v11100932 Authors: Fahnøe Pedersen Johnston Orton Höper Beer Bukh Belsham Rasmussen Vaccines against classical swine fever have proven very effective in protecting pigs from this deadly disease. (medworm.com)
  • Höper, Dirk 2016-11-24 00:00:00 Classical swine fever (CSF) can run acute, chronic, and prenatal courses in both domestic pigs and wild boar. (deepdyve.com)
  • Pathway analysis in blood cells of pigs infected with classical swine fever virus: comparison of. (deepdyve.com)
  • Pigs immunized with a novel E2 subunit vaccine are protected from subgenotype heterologous classical swine fever virus challenge. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Twenty pigs were inoculated with a virulent classical swine fever virus isolate to determine the mechanism responsible for thrombocytopenia using histopathologic, ultrastructural, and immunohistochemical (detection of viral antigens gp55 and FVIII-rag) techniques. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • A chronic form of classical swine fever was successfully eradicated from Australia in 1962 after waste from ships was fed to pigs. (wa.gov.au)
  • Classical swine fever currently affects pigs in Asia, some Caribbean islands, parts of Mexico and much of Central and South America. (wa.gov.au)
  • The most likely way that classical swine fever would enter Australia is via feeding illegally imported pig meat or other pig products to pigs. (wa.gov.au)
  • To prevent classical swine fever, African swine fever and other serious diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease , it is illegal to feed pigs anything that contains meat or meat products, or food that has come into contact with meat or meat products (except approved feeds). (wa.gov.au)
  • These newborn pigs can go clinically unnoticed or show a symptom that is not associated with the African Swine Plague because an immune response is not generated. (cresa.cat)
  • Experimental infection of slaughter pigs with classical swine fever virus: transmission of the virus, course of the disease and antibody response. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The spread of classical swine fever virus was investigated in an isolation unit containing four pens, each containing six slaughter pigs. (semanticscholar.org)
  • An experimental infection to investigate the indirect transmission of classical swine fever virus by excretions of infected pigs. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Due to its impact on animal health and pig industry, classical swine fever (CSF) is still one of the most important viral diseases of pigs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This virus causes systemic hemorrhage in domestic pigs and leads to severe economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This paper presents the international and Ukrainian about the epizootic situation for the classical swine fever pathogen circulation among the populations of wild and domestic pigs, which in turn allows the timely prediction of the future epizootic situation, in order to prevent any biological hazards to domestic pig herds. (aminbiol.com.ua)
  • African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF) are highly contagious viral diseases of pigs. (tas.gov.au)
  • Swine fever could be considered a possibility in any case of sudden increase in deaths in a group of pigs. (tas.gov.au)
  • How can I reduce my pigs' risk of catching swine fever? (tas.gov.au)
  • Porcilis Pesti is used to immunise healthy pigs from the age of 5 weeks onwards to prevent death and to reduce clinical signs of Classical Swine Fever (CSF). (vetxed.com)
  • The Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use (CVMP) agreed that the benefits of Porcilis Pesti are greater than any risks to immunise pigs from the age of 5 weeks onwards to prevent death and to reduce clinical signs of Classical Swine Fever. (vetxed.com)
  • Abstract C Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and often fatal disease of pigs characterised by fever, severe leukopenia and haemorrhages. (03964.com)
  • 2 Recovered pigs may have a chronic disease with intermittent fever and poor reproductive performance. (aasv.org)
  • Pseudorabies primarily affects swine and does not infect humans or meat from pigs that passes inspection. (pork.org)
  • MANHATTAN - A Kansas State University researcher has licensed a new vaccine to an animal health company to fight a highly contagious swine disease overseas. (k-state.edu)
  • Jishu Shi, professor of vaccine immunology and director of U.S.-China Center for Animal Health in the university's College of Veterinary Medicine, has developed a method of producing a classical swine fever vaccine safely and inexpensively. (k-state.edu)
  • Shi's vaccine uses a protein from the virus rather than live or attenuated virus, which means the vaccine poses no biosecurity risk to produce in the U.S., where classical swine fever was eradicated in 1978. (k-state.edu)
  • We report classical swine fever outbreaks occurring in naive pig herds on Jeju Island, South Korea, after the introduction of the LOM vaccine strain. (cdc.gov)
  • Clinical signs and pathologic lesions in naive pig infected with classical swine fever virus LOM vaccine strain, Jeju Island, South Korea. (cdc.gov)
  • In contrast to the classical (non-marker) C-strain vaccine, this marker vaccine has the advantage that the accompanying serological test can discriminate between infected and vaccinated animals. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Classical swine fever virus replicon particles lacking the E rns gene: a potential marker vaccine for intradermal application. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The present invention is a new and improved live marker vaccine for classical swine fever (CSF) in which the antigen E(rns) coding sequence is replaced with a chimeric sequence derived from two different and remotely related pestiviruses. (sciencebridge.de)
  • Reduced specificity of Erns antibody ELISAs for samples from piglets with maternally derived antibodies induced by vaccination of sows with classical swine fever marker vaccine CP7_E2alf. (sciencebridge.de)
  • Live attenuated Classical Swine Fever Vaccine (IVRI-CSF-BS) Technology, developed by ICAR -Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar. (99marks.in)
  • The history of research on hog cholera (HC)/classical swine fever (CSF) can be roughly divided into three phases which are characterized by the methods available at the time for demonstrati ng the causati ve agent. (springer.com)
  • The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service today announced that it is restoring East Anglia to the list of regions considered free of classical swine fever (or hog cholera). (efeedlink.com)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera is a highly contagious swine viral disease. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • To gain further insight into the pathogenesis of classical swine fever (CSF), the changes induced by hog cholera (HC) virus in pulmonary intravascular macrophages (PIMs) were examined. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) (hog cholera) is a highly contagious disease caused by a pestivirus that is closely related to the virus that causes bovine viral diarrhoea (mucosal disease) in cattle and border disease (hairy shaker disease) in sheep. (wa.gov.au)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF), commonly known in the United States as hog cholera, is a highly contagious viral disease of swine caused by a Pestivirus related to bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) and border disease virus (BDV) of sheep. (aasv.org)
  • An emergency veterinary team was dispatched last Thursday to Croatia, in a bid to help contain an outbreak of classical swine fever. (pigprogress.net)
  • At his regular weekly round-up meeting with stakeholders, the Government's Chief Veterinary Officer, Jim Scudamore, emphasised the importance and reasons behind the current control measures against the outbreak of classical swine fever in East Anglia. (just-food.com)
  • Swine population density by district (heads/km 2 ) and road length (km) by district were associated with the disease outbreak occurrence. (frontiersin.org)
  • For the 1st time in 26 years, an outbreak of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) has been found in Japan. (pigprogress.net)
  • The Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Mapa) has confirmed the outbreak of Classical Swine. (pigprogress.net)
  • The objective of this study was to analyse an outbreak of classical swine fever under a policy of non-vaccination, intensive surveillance and eradication in an area of high pig density. (bmj.com)
  • Recently, it has been reported that the Classical Swine Fever virus is also capable of generating viral persistence after infecting newborn piglets with low and moderate virulence strains, such as the Catalonia 2001 strain (Cat01) that caused an outbreak in 2001 in different farms of this region. (cresa.cat)
  • The range of clinical signs and its clinical similarity to other diseases can make classical swine fever challenging to diagnose. (usda.gov)
  • The clinical signs of classical swine fever are extremely variable and may be mistaken for many other diseases. (wur.nl)
  • Classical swine fever is one of the diseases that will be studied at NBAF, and we're proud to be supporting progress in fighting this economic threat to pork production worldwide. (k-state.edu)
  • Classical and African swine fever are highly contagious, notifiable viral diseases affecting different members of the Suidae family, both showing tremendous impact on animal health and pig production. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Both classical and African swine fever are reportable diseases as they can cause high numbers of pig deaths, reduced growth rates and production. (wa.gov.au)
  • Classical Swine Fever continues to be one of the most important diseases for animal health worldwide, generating high economic losses due to the costs derived from the death of the animals, as well as the eradication efforts. (cresa.cat)
  • Don't assume that these diseases will always cause very large numbers of pig deaths - both diseases can occur in a milder form, with lower mortality rates, a longer course of disease and less acute signs such as depression, loss of appetite, fluctuating fever and poor weight gain. (tas.gov.au)
  • A contributor to Diseases of Swine, 8th edition, Dr. Zimmerman has selected three additional editors with international expertise. (wiley.com)
  • APHIS provides vast information on African Swine Fever and FMD, including educational videos on the diseases for producers to view. (pork.org)
  • The Center for Food Security and Public Health focuses on veterinary medicine and zoonotic diseases, including Classical Swine Fever and FMD. (pork.org)
  • Dr Vida Cadonic Spelic, Chief Veterinary Officer of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of Slovenia, informed the OIE that a simulation exercise on classical swine fever in wild boar as well as a workshop will take place in her country from 3 to 5 December 2007. (oie.int)
  • 3 Classical swine fever virus infects all swine including wild boar and peccaries, but is not known to infect cattle or sheep. (aasv.org)
  • Although several countries have become free from classical swine fever after eradication programs, sporadic outbreaks continue to occur in most major pig-producing countries, and classical swine fever is endemic to some countries in Asia. (cdc.gov)
  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is an endemic disease in Cuba, and an eradication strategy by zones is planned by the Official Veterinary Service. (frontiersin.org)
  • Serology was nevertheless useful to ascertain that swine fever was not endemic in the area. (bmj.com)
  • Despite strict animal importation regulations, CSF-infected swine products are likely to be introduced into the United States by air, sea, or ground transportation in garbage or the baggage of travelers from endemic areas. (aasv.org)
  • APHIS will remove a region from the list of those it has declared free of classical swine fever upon determining that the disease exists in the region based on reports APHIS receives of outbreaks of the disease from veterinary officials of the exporting country, from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), or from other sources the Administrator determines to be reliable. (cornell.edu)
  • This study describes classical swine fever outbreaks in naive pig herds on Jeju Island caused by the MLV. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 2014, multiple classical swine fever outbreaks have occurred on Jeju Island ( Technical Appendix Figure 1). (cdc.gov)
  • The number of reported African Swine Fever (ASF) outbreaks in China has continued to rise to 74 while also the. (pigprogress.net)
  • In a recent update of the Dutch contingency plan for controlling outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF), emergency vaccination is preferred to large-scale pre-emptive culling. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) can lead to large economic losses and have a major impact on animal welfare. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) outbreaks can cause enormous losses in naïve pig populations. (elsevier.com)
  • Trends in Emerging Viral Infections of Swine includes sections on global trade, vaccination regimens against new and emerging viruses, epidemiology and control, as well as significant new outbreaks like the West Nile virus. (wiley.com)
  • Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease, caused by an RNA-type of Pestivirus. (viva.org.uk)
  • highly contagious viral disease of swine can cause acute, chronic, or congenital disease considered a foreign animal disease. (slideserve.com)
  • Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease caused by an RNA virus belonging to the genus Pestivirus , family Flaviviridae ( 1 - 3 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Classical swine fever is a highly contagious viral disease of swine and can cause persistent fevers, loss of appetite, discoloration of skin, reproductive failures and death. (efeedlink.com)
  • The present review will highlight the different complex mechanisms associated with the host immune evasion by the viruses with special reference to the Classical Swine Fever Virus. (intechopen.com)
  • The disease is similar to African swine fever, although they are caused by different viruses. (wa.gov.au)
  • Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Swine Vesicular Disease Viruses. (wiley.com)
  • Recent advances in the development of recombinant vaccines against classical swine fever virus: cellular responses also play a role in protection. (nih.gov)
  • Dewulf J, Laevens H, KOENEN F, Mintiens K, de Kruif A. The use of conventional and marker vaccines in the control of classical swine fever epidemics. (ugent.be)
  • Feeding swine untreated food wastes containing infected pork scraps can cause infection, making raw garbage feeding a major risk for CSF incursion into swine herds. (usda.gov)
  • Although classical swine fever was once widespread, many countries have eradicated this disease from domesticated swine. (usda.gov)
  • Classical swine fever should be reported immediately upon diagnosis or suspicion of the disease. (usda.gov)
  • Typically though the acute disease is characterized by high fever, inappetence, and general weakness followed by neurological deterioration, petechial hemorrhages of the skin, and splenic infarction ( 1 , 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Severe cases of the disease appear very similar to African swine fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ISU VDL has the in-house capability to test for Classical Swine Fever, High Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Exotic Newcastle Disease. (iastate.edu)
  • a) APHIS considers classical swine fever to exist in all regions of the world except those declared free of the disease by APHIS. (cornell.edu)
  • 1) A list of regions that APHIS has declared free of classical swine fever is maintained on the APHIS Web site at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/animals/animal_disease_status.shtml. (cornell.edu)
  • 2) APHIS will add a region to the list of those it has declared free of classical swine fever after it conducts an evaluation of the region in accordance with § 92.2 of this subchapter and finds that the disease is not present. (cornell.edu)
  • Classic swine fever, ARS discoveries are providing vital information to help fight this economically devastating disease, which affects cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals. (invasivespeciesinfo.gov)
  • While classical swine fever does not cause foodborne illness in people, economic losses to pork producers would be severe if the disease were to become established again in this country. (invasivespeciesinfo.gov)
  • USDA recognized that Great Britain's Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (now part of the Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs) immediately responded to the detection of classical swine fever by initiating measures to eradicate the disease and containing it within East Anglia. (efeedlink.com)
  • The disease is caused by the classical swine fever virus (VPPC), which belongs to the viral family of Pestiviruses, pathogens capable of persistently infecting their hosts. (cresa.cat)
  • Subsistence-oriented farmers, particularly in swine fever affected areas, placed high value on tolerance to disease. (edu.au)
  • Classical swine fever is a notifiable disease and should be reported. (pirbright.ac.uk)
  • CSF is a different disease to swine flu. (daera-ni.gov.uk)
  • Just over a year after Lower Saxony lifted its last classical swine fever restriction zone (Animal Pharm No 331, p 3), the disease has reappeared in the State in wild boars. (informa.com)
  • We apply the network model to a policy-level risk assessment of classical swine fever (CSF), a notifiable animal disease caused by the CSF virus. (wiley.com)
  • Moderately virulent disease causes high fever, mild lethargy, mild hemorrhages in lymphoid organs, transient leukocytopenia (or none), and low mortality. (aasv.org)
  • Reports from Asia are incomplete, but the disease is believed to be present in swine-producing areas and controlled by vaccination. (aasv.org)
  • Classical swine fever virus induces proinflammatory cytokines and tissue factor expression and inhibits apoptosis and interferon synthesis during the establishment of long-term infection of porcine vascular endothelial cells. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • In vitro effect of classical swine fever virus on a porcine aortic endothelial cell line. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The double-antigen ELISA concept for early detection of Erns -specific classical swine fever virus antibodies and application as an accompanying test for differentiation of infected from marker vaccinated animals. (sciencebridge.de)
  • You need info about Classical Swine Fever Virus Anitibody ELISA Kit or any other Gentaur produtct? (gentaurshop.com)
  • Replacement of E rns , E2, E rns -E2, or E1-E2 of the C-strain with the counterpart(s) of the Shimen strain led to decreased fever response, reduction of viral RNA and antibody responses in rabbits, as compared with their parental C-strain. (springer.com)
  • However, substitution of both E rns and E2 in the C-strain backbone abolished fever response, and the chimeric virus did not show adaptation in rabbits as demonstrated by lack of viral RNA and E2 protein expression in the spleen and weak antibody responses. (springer.com)
  • 9 See also other provisions of this part and parts 93, 95, and 96 of this chapter, and part 327 of this title, for other prohibitions and restrictions upon the importation of swine and swine products. (cornell.edu)
  • Hence it will be removing classical swine fever related prohibitions and restrictions on the importation of swine and swine products into the United States from East Anglia. (efeedlink.com)
  • The symptoms are indistinguishable from those of African swine fever. (wur.nl)
  • With low-virulence strains, the only expression may be poor reproductive performance and the birth of piglets with neurologic defects such as congenital tremor The signs are indistinguishable from those of African swine fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pig suffering from Classical Swine Fever - in signs indistinguishable from African Swine Fever. (pigprogress.net)
  • Classical swine fever is indistinguishable from African swine fever . (wa.gov.au)
  • Clinical signs of acute forms of both ASF and CSF include fever, depression, loss of appetite, and red, purple or blue blotching of the ears, nose, and limbs. (tas.gov.au)
  • The clinical signs of Classical Swine Fever may occur in chronic, congenital, mild or acute form. (daera-ni.gov.uk)
  • Acute , chronic and prenatal forms of classical swine fever can be distinguished. (tiho-hannover.de)
  • The clinical signs of CSF are similar to African Swine Fever. (viva.org.uk)
  • African swine fever landing in the U.K. would be even worse than the 2000 epidemic. (producer.com)
  • Neighbourhood infections of classical swine fever during the 1997-1998 epidemic in The Netherlands. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Vaccination is regarded as one of the most effective tools to prevent and control classical swine fever. (cdc.gov)
  • Classical Swine Fever, although partly identical in name and clinical signs to African Swine Fever, is caused by a completely different virus than its namesake that is being found in increasingly more cases in China these days. (pigprogress.net)
  • Comparison of viraemia- and clinical-based estimates of within- and between-pen transmission of classical swine fever virus from three transmission experiments. (semanticscholar.org)
  • COLUMBIA - There has been four new cases of classical swine fever reported and confirmed in the Magdalena region of Columbia. (thepigsite.com)
  • After his weekly meeting with the pig industry and other stakeholders today, the Chief Veterinary Officer, Jim Scudamore, issued the following statement summarising MAFF's approach to the new cases of classical swine fever in East Anglia. (just-food.com)
  • Following the initial group of five cases of classical swine fever in mid-August, we now have three more confirmed cases, and a number of other suspects. (just-food.com)
  • The Classical Swine Fever (CSF) Surveillance Program is designed to enhance surveillance for the rapid detection of CSF virus introduced into U.S. swine by testing targeted swine populations in high risk states. (usda.gov)
  • The classical swine fever virus has the ability to cross the placental barrier, resulting in the infection of fetuses, which may consequently lead to persistent infection in piglets. (scite.ai)
  • Updates with regard to African Swine Fever (ASF) are coming in at a high pace this week. (pigprogress.net)
  • If African swine fever makes the leap from Europe to Britain, farmers fear it could annihilate their industry. (producer.com)
  • People are not affected by African swine fever or classical swine fever. (wa.gov.au)
  • What are African swine fever and classical swine fever? (tas.gov.au)
  • The expression of classical swine fever virus structural protein E2 gene in tobacco chloroplasts for applying chloroplasts as bioreactors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This NLS mediates the nuclear accumulation of MxA, whereas the swine Mx1 protein is not located inside nucleus for lack of NLS. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Earn $50 by participating in a Classical Swine Fever (CSF) surveillance program. (iastate.edu)
  • A surveillance program directed specifically at detecting Classical Swine Fever is now in progress at Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (ISU VDL). (iastate.edu)
  • Epidemiology, diagnosis and control of classical swine fever: Recent developments and future challenges. (sciencebridge.de)
  • Since 1974, the LOM strain has been the MLV strain for classical swine fever in South Korea. (cdc.gov)
  • The C-strain-based chimeric virus expressing the Shimen strain E1 exhibited typical fever response and viral RNA level similar to the C-strain. (springer.com)
  • Qiu HJ, Tong GZ, Shen RX (2005) The lapinized Chinese strain of classical swine fever virus: a retrospective review spanning half a century. (springer.com)
  • Wu HX, Wang JF, Zhang CY, Fu LZ, Pan ZS, Wang N, Zhang PW, Zhao WG (2001) Attenuated lapinized chinese strain of classical swine fever virus: complete nucleotide sequence and character of 3′-noncoding region. (springer.com)
  • Li C, Li Y, Shen L, Huang J, Sun Y, Luo Y, Zhao B, Wang C, Yuan J, Qiu HJ (2014) The role of noncoding regions of classical swine fever virus C-strain in its adaptation to the rabbit. (springer.com)
  • Effect of strain and inoculation dose of classical swine fever virus on within-pen transmission. (semanticscholar.org)
  • HoJo virus (HOJOV) A strain of Hantaan virus in the genus Hantavirus, recovered from the blood of a patient with Korean hemorrhagic fever. (rrnursingschool.biz)