Classical swine fever virus: A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.Classical Swine Fever: An acute, highly contagious disease affecting swine of all ages and caused by the CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS. It has a sudden onset with high morbidity and mortality.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).African Swine Fever Virus: The lone species of the genus Asfivirus. It infects domestic and wild pigs, warthogs, and bushpigs. Disease is endemic in domestic swine in many African countries and Sardinia. Soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros are also infected and act as vectors.African Swine Fever: A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).Pestivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.Border disease virus: A species of PESTIVIRUS causing a congenital sheep disease characterized by an abnormally hairy birth-coat, tremors, and poor growth.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Pestivirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus PESTIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Viral Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.Sus scrofa: A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.Iridoviridae: A family of large icosahedral DNA viruses infecting insects and poikilothermic vertebrates. Genera include IRIDOVIRUS; RANAVIRUS; Chloriridovirus; Megalocytivirus; and Lymphocystivirus.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Viral Envelope Proteins: Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral: A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.Palatine Tonsil: A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Viral Nonstructural Proteins: Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Viral Structural Proteins: Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral: Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.Viremia: The presence of viruses in the blood.Antibodies, Neutralizing: Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Vaccines, Attenuated: Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Q Fever: An acute infectious disease caused by COXIELLA BURNETII. It is characterized by a sudden onset of FEVER; HEADACHE; malaise; and weakness. In humans, it is commonly contracted by inhalation of infected dusts derived from infected domestic animals (ANIMALS, DOMESTIC).Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Host-Pathogen Interactions: The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.Newcastle Disease: An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Hospitals, AnimalAnimal DiseasesCholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Cuba: An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)EnglandPoison Control Centers: Facilities which provide information concerning poisons and treatment of poisoning in emergencies.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Lameness, Animal: A departure from the normal gait in animals.Vaccines, Marker: Vaccines used in conjunction with diagnostic tests to differentiate vaccinated animals from carrier animals. Marker vaccines can be either a subunit or a gene-deleted vaccine.Yellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Umbilical Veins: Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.

Immunopathogenesis of classical swine fever: role of monocytic cells. (1/149)

Virulent classical swine fever (CSF) represents an immunomodulatory viral infection that perturbs immune functions. Circulatory and immunopathological disorders include leukopenia, immunosuppression and haemorrhage. Monocytic cells - targets for CSF virus (CSFV) infection - could play critical roles in the immunopathology, owing to their production of immunomodulatory and vasoactive factors. Monocytes and macrophages (Mphi) are susceptible to virus infection, as a consequence of which prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production is enhanced. The presence of PGE2 in serum from CSFV-infected pigs correlated with elevated PGE2 productivity by the peripheral blood mononuclear cells from these same animals. It was noted that these PGE2-containing preparations did not inhibit, but actually enhanced, lymphocyte proliferation. The proinflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL)-6 were not involved, although elevated IL-1 production could relate to lymphocyte activation. Nevertheless, IL-1 was not the sole element: infected Mphi produced lympho-stimulatory activity but little IL-1. This release of immunomodulatory factors, following CSFV infection of monocytic cells, was compared with other characteristics of the disease. Therein, PGE2 and IL-1 production was noted to coincide with the onset of fever and the coagulation disorders typical of CSF. Consequently, these factors are of greater relevance to the haemorrhagic disturbances, such as petechia and infarction, rather than the leukopenia found in CSF.  (+info)

Classical swine fever in Sardinia: epidemiology of recent outbreaks. (2/149)

A variable region of the gene encoding the major glycoprotein (E2) of Classical Swine Fever Virus (CSFV) was sequenced from 12 Sardinian isolates which had been obtained from three geographically distinct regions of the Island. Phylogenetic analysis of these viruses and others characterized in previous studies [1, 2] indicated that (a) the Sardinian viruses were all members of the common European subgroup 2.3 and were clearly distinct from live vaccines recently used in this area; (b) they could be resolved into four distinct groups in accordance with the region or date of isolation; (c) in at least two regions wild boar/domestic swine contact was implicated in virus spread; (d) the oldest isolate (1983) and some of the recent isolates were possibly introduced from mainland Italy. In addition, this study has wider implications for the interpretation of CSFV variation. We have been able to demonstrate that small variations within this region of the virus genome (possibly less than 2.7% or five nucleotide substitutions) can be used to separate isolates into groups that precisely fit their geographical distribution. This finding is especially important for deducing the epidemiological relationships between multiple outbreaks caused by similar viruses that occur in close proximity.  (+info)

Pathogenesis of granulocytopenia and bone marrow atrophy during classical swine fever involves apoptosis and necrosis of uninfected cells. (3/149)

Granulocytopenia, a hematological hallmark of classical swine fever, is partially responsible for the suppression of innate immune defenses during classical swine fever. The present report demonstrates that this depletion was apparent as early as 3 days postinfection (p.i.). Both mature peripheral and bone marrow neutrophils were affected, whereas immature neutrophils increased absolutely in the periphery and coincidentally immature myeloid progenitors in the bone marrow. These data suggest that a pathogenic relationship exists between these compartments. The central event was not the arrest of hematopoietic cell proliferation or of the mobilization process, but instead apoptosis and possibly also necrosis were shown to play a role. This increase in apoptotic and dead cells was detected as early as 1-3 days p.i. In contrast, viral RNA in bone marrow hematopoietic cells (BMHC) was first detected 5 days p.i., and significant amounts of infected BMHC were detected only 7 days p.i., with the major target being the myeloid compartment. The increased caspase-3 activity observed supported a role for apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, the elevated caspase-9 activity indicated the involvement of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Taken together, the results demonstrate that granulocytopenia and bone marrow atrophy are mediated by hematopoietic cell death and that indirect virus-host-mediated mechanisms are likely to be responsible.  (+info)

Ultrastructural glomerular changes in experimental infection with the classical swine fever virus. (4/149)

Ultrastructural studies of glomerular changes were performed on 16 pigs experimentally infected with a highly virulent strain of the classical swine fever virus. Our observations revealed the thickening of glomerular basement membranes, swelling of endothelial cells and cytoplasmic vacuolization within podocytes containing abundant viral particles. An early viral infection of podocytes was suggested as the cause of selective swelling of the foot processes of these cells with the consequent obliteration of the glomerular urinary spaces. To our knowledge this is the first report of ultrastructural evidence of classical swine fever virions infecting glomerular podocytes.  (+info)

Comparative immunohistopathology in pigs infected with highly virulent or less virulent strains of hog cholera virus. (5/149)

Eight pigs were inoculated subcutaneously with a highly virulent hog cholera virus (HCV) strain ALD. The infected pigs developed severe illness and became moribund on postinoculation day (PID) 7 or PID 10. Histologic lesions were characterized by severe generalized vasculitis, necrosis of lymphocytes, and encephalitis. HCV antigen was detected in crypt tonsilar epithelial cells, macrophages, and reticular endothelial cells of lymphoid tissues. Antigen localization corresponded well with histologic lesions. Five pigs were inoculated with less virulent HCV Kanagawa/74 strain and were euthanatized on PID 30. All five infected pigs recovered from the illness but became stunted. They also had a slight follicular depletion of lymphocytes, histiocytic hyperplasia, and hematopoiesis in the spleen. Less virulent HCV antigen was observed in the tonsils, kidneys, pancreas, adrenal glands, and lungs. Although antigen localization was less associated with histologic lesions, immunoreactivity was stronger than that in the pigs infected with the ALD strain of HCV. An almost complete loss of B lymphocytes was recognized in pigs infected with the ALD strain and was correlated with follicular necrosis in lymphoid tissues. Loss of B lymphocytes was not prominent in the pigs infected with Kanagawa/74 strain. The number of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes was significantly higher than that in the noninfected control pigs.  (+info)

Application of competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the serologic diagnosis of classical swine fever virus infection. (6/149)

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA), based on a truncated E2 recombinant protein of the Alfort/187 strain of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and a specific monoclonal antibody M1669, was evaluated using 2,000 sera from clinically healthy pigs in Canada (a CSFV-free country) and sera from experimentally infected pigs. The relative specificity and sensitivity of the C-ELISA were 100% and 86%, respectively, at a cutoff of 25% inhibition using negative and positive pig sera, as defined by the neutralizing peroxidase-linked assay (NPLA). A kappa value of 0.91 was obtained, indicating an excellent level of agreement between the NPLA and the C-ELISA. When sera from 120 infected pigs were used in the test at > or = 21 days postinfection, the sensitivity of the C-ELISA and the kappa value increased to 97% and 0.98, respectively. This C-ELISA will be useful when a large number of samples must be tested, as could occur during a disease outbreak or for surveillance or prevalence studies.  (+info)

Characterization of classical swine fever virus associated with defective interfering particles containing a cytopathogenic subgenomic RNA isolated from wild boar. (7/149)

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strain WB82, isolated from a wild boar in 1982, induced a distinct cytopathic effect (CPE) in primary swine testicle cell culture and in most of the porcine cell lines. This strain of CSFV was found to be composed of two biotypes. cytopathogenic (cp) CSFV, as a minor population, and noncytopathogenic (noncp) CSFV, as a major population. The noncp CSFV (designated strain WB82/E+) was obtained by biological cloning, and it showed the exaltation of Newcastle disease virus phenomenon. In Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR assay, CSFV RNA with a subgenomic (sg) length was detected in addition to full-length viral RNA only in the cells in which a CPE had been revealed. These RNAs represent the genomes of typical defective interfering (DI) particles because of the strict dependence on a complementing helper virus and interference with replication of the helper virus. The sg RNA, which exhibits the genomes of the DI particles, lacked the nucleotides of the viral genomic region from Npro to NS2 (4764 bases). When extracted sg RNA was transfected to the cells infected with the WB82/E+ strain, a distinct CPE was observed. Interestingly, the CPE was observed in cells infected with other heterologous noncp CSFV ALD and GPE- strains by sg RNA transfection. The results suggested that these noncp CSFVs act as helper viruses for the replication of sg RNA (DI particles). It was also shown that the cytopathogenicity of strain WB82 is caused by apoptosis.  (+info)

Lipopolysaccharide and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate both impair monocyte differentiation, relating cellular function to virus susceptibility. (8/149)

Both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) impeded monocyte to macrophage differentiation with respect to typical phenotypic modulation and certain phagocyte-related processes. The down-regulation of the porcine monocyte marker SWC1, and up-regulation of the SWC9 macrophage marker were retarded, but not inhibited, as was the differentiation-associated down-regulation of p53 and myeloperoxidase. Despite this clear impairment of macrophage differentiation, not all cellular functions were equally susceptible. Both agents inhibited phagocytosis, but not low-density lipoprotein receptor-associated endocytosis. Only LPS inhibited tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase up-regulation. In contrast, increase of vacuolar acidification rates was more susceptible to PMA. The activity of certain endosomal/lysosomal enzymes - esterase, nucleotidase, peroxidase and cathepsins - was generally enhanced by both LPS and PMA. This contrasted with autophagosomal activity, detected through the induction of an antiviral state. Disruption of autophagosomes and lysosomes (methionine-O-methyl ester), but not lysosomes alone (glycyl-L-phenylalanine) reversed LPS-induced inhibition of virus replication, without influencing the PMA-induced antiviral effect. Thus, PMA is similar to LPS in inhibiting monocyte to macrophage differentiation, when primary blood monocytes are employed, but not all pathways are equally susceptible. The analyses demonstrate that the pathways modulated during monocyte differentiation function somewhat independently. Moreover, certain functions of monocytic cells are more important with respect to the outcome of virus infection, with autophagosomal activities in particular favouring cell survival.  (+info)

Hog Cholera (Classical Swine Fever). Sandra Axiak and Carolin Winter. Definition of hog cholera:. highly contagious viral disease of swine can cause acute, chronic, or congenital disease considered a foreign animal disease. Foreign animal disease (FAD):. Definition: Slideshow 113381 by flora
Virions from hog cholera virus (HCV), a member of the genus Pestivirus, were analyzed by using specific antibodies. The nucleocapsid protein was found to be a 14-kDa molecule (HCV p14). An equivalent protein could also be demonstrated for virions from another pestivirus, bovine viral diarrhea virus. The HCV envelope is composed of three glycoproteins, HCV gp44/48, gp33, and gp55. All three exist in the form of disulfide-linked dimers in virus-infected cells and in virions; HCV gp44/48 and gp55 each form homodimers, whereas gp55 is also found dimerized with gp33. Such complex covalent interactions between structural glycoproteins have not been described so far for any RNA virus. ...
1. Prolonged and systematic examination of blood from swine with hog cholera has failed to reveal any formed element that could be identified with the etiological virus. Culture has likewise been unsuccessful.. 2. The quantitative blood changes in hog cholera consist in a slowly progressive anemia, usually moderate in degree, and a rapidly progressive severe leucopenia affecting cells of the polymorphonuclear series most markedly but also including those of the lymphocytic series.. 3. Incubation of hog cholera blood results in a further progress of the leucopenia, in vitro, if heparin has been used as the anticoagulant, but there is no significant change if potassium oxalate or sodium citrate has been used.. 4. Consideration of the leucocytic reactions prevailing in experimental infection with B. suisepticus, in infectious enteritis, in swine influenza, following successful immunization against hog cholera, and following infection of cholera-sick swine with secondary invaders indicates that the ...
A.C.F. Brescia Calcio Femminile S.s.d. a r.l., known as Brescia Calcio Femminile is an Italian womens football club from Capriolo, near Brescia. It was founded in 1985 as FCF Capriolo Arredamenti Ostilio. In 2000 it moved to Bergamo, where it played for five seasons as ACF Pro Bergamo. The team adopted its current name in 2005 as it returned to Capriolo. In 1994-95 the team won a regional championship. Then in 1996-97 won their Serie D division. They finished second in Serie C in 2001-02 and again in 2003-04 after which they promoted after play-off. In 2006-07 they won Serie B and got promoted to Serie A2. In 2008-09 they won Serie A2. Since 2009-10 Brescia has played Serie A. In its first year at top level they were 9th, avoiding relegation. In the 2010-11 season Brescia was the surprise team of the league and competed with UPC Tavagnacco for a Champions League spot. Finally Brescia ranked 3rd. Brescia striker Daniela Sabatino was the second top scorer of the season with 25 goals, just one shy ...
During the 2001-02 Italian football season, Brescia Calcio competed in the Serie A. Brescia Calcio finished the season in 13th position in the Serie A table. In other competitions, Brescia reached the semifinals of the Coppa Italia. Luca Toni was the top scorer for Brescia with 13 goals in all competitions. Federico Agliardi Luca Castellazzi Pavel Šrniček Daniele Bonera Alessandro Calori Angelo Danotti Amedeo Mangone Vittorio Mero Fabio Petruzzi Jonathan Bachini Jonathan Binotto Antonio Filippini Emanuele Filippini Federico Giunti Roberto Guana Pep Guardiola Marek Koźmiński Markus Schopp Andrea Sussi Matteo Tachini Andrés Yllana Roberto Baggio Andrea Caracciolo Mario Antonio Salgado Igli Tare Luca ...
Check out the result of a match between Livorno - Brescia Calcio that was played on 2009-06-20 21:00:00. Find out other matches results.
Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital , Brescia, via Bissolati, 57- Tel. +39 030-35151 P.iva 02663120984, N.REA BS468431. All information contained in the site are for informational purposes only.. Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital is not responsible for eventual damages caused by third parties resulting from the use, or misuse of information contained including errors related to the content. ...
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious swine disease caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). Previously, we demonstrated that rAdV-SFV-E2, an adenovirus-delivered, Semliki Forest virus replicon-vectored marker vaccine against CSF, is able to protect pigs against lethal CSFV challenge. From an economical point of view, it will be beneficial to reduce the minimum effective dose of the vaccine. This study was designed to test the adjuvant effects of Salmonella enteritidis-derived bacterial ghosts (BG) to enhance the protective immunity of rAdV-SFV-E2 in pigs. Groups of 5-week-old pigs (n = 4) were immunized intramuscularly twice with 105 median tissue culture infective doses (TCID50) rAdV-SFV-E2 combined with 1010 colony forming units (CFU) BG, 106 or 105 TCID50 rAdV-SFV-E2 alone or 1010 CFU BG alone at an interval of 3 weeks, and challenged with the highly virulent CSFV Shimen strain at 1 week post-booster immunization. The results show that the pigs inoculated with 105 TCID50 rAdV-SFV
A surveillance program directed specifically at detecting Classical Swine Fever is now in progress at Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (ISU VDL). The ISU VDL is one of the 12 core laboratories in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). The primary function of NAHLN labs is to participate in ongoing surveillance and response to foreign animal diseases and other events requiring an integrated laboratory effort of preparedness, controlled testing, and timely reporting. Federal funding for this program provides equipment and diagnostic reagents as well as support for technical positions and proficiency training of technicians. The ISU VDL has the in-house capability to test for Classical Swine Fever, High Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Exotic Newcastle Disease.. Diagnosticians at the ISU VDL will select suspect cases from routine submissions to the ISU VDL. The criteria listed below will be used in case selection.. ...
Read "Induction of immune responses in mice and pigs by oral administration of classical swine fever virus E2 protein expressed in rice calli, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Read "Pathway analysis in blood cells of pigs infected with classical swine fever virus: comparison of pigs that develop a chronic form of infection or recover, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The early identification of classical swine fever epizootics is hampered by difficulties in recognising early signs of infection, due to a lack of specific clinical signs. In addition many textbook descriptions of CSF are based on observations of disease caused by historic, mainly genotype 1, strains. Our objective was to improve our knowledge of the diverse range of signs that different CSFV strains can cause by characterising the experimental infection of domestic pigs with both a recent strain of CSFV and a divergent strain. Conventional pigs were inoculated with a genotype 2.1 isolate, that caused an outbreak in the UK in 2000, and a genotype 3.3 strain that is genetically divergent from European strains. This latter strain is also antigenically distinct as it is only poorly recognised by the CSFV-specific monoclonal antibody, WH303. Transmission was monitored by use of in-contact animals. Clinical, virological and haematological parameters were observed and an extended macro- and ...
inproceedings{377967, author = {Dewulf, Jeroen and Laevens, Hans and KOENEN, F and Mintiens, Koen and de Kruif, Aart}, booktitle = {of the OIE International Conference on the Control of Infectious Animal Diseases by Vaccination}, title = {The use of conventional and marker vaccines in the control of classical swine fever epidemics}, year = {2004 ...
Outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) can lead to large economic losses and have a major impact on animal welfare. A pig infected by CSF virus (CSFV) may show specific clinical symptoms (conjunctivitis, skin haemorrhages, cyanotic ears and lameness), but often the signs are aspecific (fever, dullness, diarrhoea and loss of appetite; Klinkenberg et al. 2005). Meanwhile, the infection can spread rapidly to other pigs (Laevens et al. 1998) and to other farms. At the moment the disease is first detected, a large number of farms may already be infected. To halt the epidemic, reducing the number of susceptible animals in the affected area is often required, especially in pig-dense regions. Two methods to achieve this are pre-emptive culling and emergency vaccination. Pre-emptive culling was used in the later stages of the 1997/1998 epidemic of CSF in The Netherlands, causing a large number of animals to be destroyed or prematurely slaughtered. This and subsequent experiences with foot-and-mouth ...
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is an endemic disease in Cuba, and an eradication strategy by zones is planned by the Official Veterinary Service. The aim of this study was to identify high-risk areas of CSF and the risk factors associated with the disease occurrence in the Pinar del Río province, one of the prioritized areas in the eradication strategy. The outbreak occurrence at district level was analyzed through a 7-year period (2009 to 2015). A high-risk cluster (RR = 5.13, 95% CI 3.49-7.56) was detected during the last 2 years of the study period in the eastern half of the province, with 38 out of 97 districts included. The rate of CSF-affected holdings had a significant increase during 2014-2015 and seems to have occurred mainly in the high-risk cluster area. Swine population density by district (heads/km2) and road length (km) by district were associated with the disease outbreak occurrence. These results provide new insights into the knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease in Cuban endemic
Zdravilo Porcilis Pesti so preučevali v okviru dveh terenskih študij varnosti, eni na pitancih in eni na svinjah, pri čemer sta bila uporabljena različna odmerka cepiva. Terenske študije potrjujejo rezultate laboratorijskih preizkusov varnosti in kažejo, da je izdelek varen za ciljne živali (pujski od 5 meseca dalje) in najobčutljivejšo kategorijo živali (breje svinje).. Glavno merilo učinkovitosti pri terenskih študijah s pujski je bilo preživetje pujskov, če so bili izpostavljeni virusu KPK pozneje v življenju. Pujski so bili testirani tudi za viremijo (prisotnost virusa v krvi). Začetek in trajanje imunosti so merili na podlagi protiteles proti antigenu (E2) virusa KPK, ki so jih tvorili pujski. Maternalno pridobljena protitelesa niso vplivala na rezultate cepljenja.. ...
Older research outputs will score higher simply because theyve had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 110,632 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 76% of its contemporaries ...
2008) Classical swine fever virus vaccine stability in Lao PDR. In: Conlan, J., Blacksell, S., Morrissy, C. and Colling, A., (eds.) Management of classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease in Lao PDR : proceedings of an international workshop held in Vientiane, Lao PDR, 20-21 November 2006. ACIAR Proceedings No. 128. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia, pp. 80-83. Morrissy, C., Wright, L., Conlan, J., Goff, W., Colling, A., Hammond, J., Johnson, M., Blacksell, S. and Daniels, P. ...
Baroness Hayman today attended a meeting between senior MAFF officials and representatives of all industries affected by the CSF outbreak. The Minister of State had been invited to the meeting at Harleston, Norfolk, which provided a further opportunity to discuss face-to-face with those affected the practical welfare and financial problems being experienced in infected areas. Speaking after the meeting Baroness Hayman said: Classical swine fever is a highly contagious pig disease which can have a devastating impact on businesses and families, whether through the disease itself or consequential movement restrictions. I have come to East Anglia again today to listen directly to those affected by this outbreak. A variety of issues were raised which will be considered both at the control centre in Bury St Edmunds and in London. Controlling this disease remains of paramount importance to farmers and the wider industry. It is our first priority. We have been aware for some time of the potential welfare
hybridization patterns, the distinct genotypes of CSFV Brecent years. It can detect different pathogens in a could be differentiated. The results showed that the piece of chip and can differentiate the various CSFV amplified by primer CP5.6 could be classified into genotypes in the same species. In 2003, a bio-chip three genotypes, including the native, invaded, and diagnosis system was established by using classical lapinized hog cholera vaccine virus by hybridization swine fever virus (CSFV) as a model. Nucleotide with oligonucleotide probe. No cross reaction was sequences of classical swine fever virus were collected found when the bio-chip was hybridized with bovine from the GenBank, and the domestic CSFV field strains diarrhea disease virus which was closely related to the were sequenced. These sequence data were analyzed with a computer software by sequence alignment and apair of universal primers, which could amplify different News source: National Veterinary Research Insti- ...
No diagnostic sample submission is complete without including the tonsil. Because of their location in the oropharynx, the tonsils are exposed to a variety of viral and bacterial pathogens. Advances in diagnostic capabilities have made analysis of the tonsils an increasingly important tool in diagnosing a number of endemic swine diseases. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) now has funding to use the tonsil as part of a routine surveillance program to detect classical swine fever (CSF) and is offering incentives to encourage practitioners to submit samples for surveillance.. Tests using the tonsil have been developed by the Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (FADDL) at USDAs Plum Island Animal Disease Center to aid in detection and diagnosis of CSF. USDAs Classical Swine Fever (CSF) Surveillance Procedure Manual1 includes tonsil, tonsil scrapings, and nasal swabs as appropriate samples for CSF detection if collected and ...
This video covers vaccines and diagnostic tests for avian influenza and is designed for those who will select vaccines and diagnostic tests to be used in an H5N1 avian influenza control program ...
TY - ABST. T1 - Virulence in pigs of vPader10 rescued from an infectious cDNA clone of the CSFV strain Paderborn. AU - Friis,Martin Barfred. AU - Nielsen,Jens. AU - Uttenthal,Åse. AU - Belsham,Graham. AU - Rasmussen,Thomas Bruun. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - The BAC clone, pBeloPader10, contains a complete cDNA of the CSFV strain Paderborn. Virus, named vPader10, was rescued from this construct by electroporation of RNA transcripts into porcine PK15 cells. To further study the characteristics of vPader10, we evaluated the virulence of this virus in vivo in pigs. An animal experiment was performed where three pigs were inoculated with vPader10 and housed in-contact with two non-inoculated pigs for 5 weeks. Following inoculation with vPader10, two out of three pigs displayed severe clinical signs of CSF from PID 14 that progressed until death of the pigs at PID 21 and PID 22, respectively. High fever (,41ºC) was observed in these pigs from PID 14 and remained at a high level until day of death. ...
Classical swine fever is currently not only a problem in certain regions of Germany but also in the Eastern Cape region. An outbreak means severe economical problems. The Eastern Cape agriculture authorities even admitted that they don`t know whether they are winning the fight against swine fever.
5 September 2000 New case of swine fever in Suffolk By FWi staff A FURTHER case of classical swine fever has been confirmed on a farm in the surveillance a
Economics of classical swine fever - CSF - hog cholera - movement ban controls on UK pig farms in protection and surveillance zones.
The domestic swine fever virus C strain was purified by USA, Japan, local swine fever, but the domestic swine fever epidemic is still serious. Control of classical swine fever, the industry has different views, many people think is the prob
MAFF staff are working all out to tackle the outbreak of Classical Swine Fever in East Anglia and lift the movement restrictions affecting farmers. Chief Veterinary Officer Jim Scudamore today told pig industry representatives he understood how important it was for farmers in restricted areas to be able to look forward and plan for the lifting of restrictions but that work on controlling the disease must come first. Mr Scudamore told a meeting of stakeholders in London: It is a huge task and we must prioritise. We have already had help from official vets from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and private vets from the Netherlands. We are seeking additional specialist help from American and Dutch veterinary services and we are recruiting additional non-veterinary support staff locally. We have developed plans for carrying out all the inspections, examinations and sampling which will be required before the Infected Area restrictions can be lifted. However, these will need to be revised in
Brescia local information and maps. Brescia is a populated place in Lombardia, Italy, Europe. Brescia is also known as Brescia, Bresia, Brixia, Bréscia, Брешия, بريشيا, ブレシア.
Gómez-Villamandos, JC, Carrasco, L, Bautista, MJ, Sierra, MA, Quezada, M, Hervas, J, Chacón, MDEL, Ruiz-Villamor, E, Salguero, FJ, Sónchez-Cordón, PJ, Romanini, S, Núñez, A, Mekonen, T, Méndez, A and Jover, A (2003) African swine fever and classical swine fever: a review of the pathogenesis. ...
AUSTRIA - Some newly born piglets shiver even when they are kept warm. So-called "shaking piglets" have symptoms that resemble those of the classical swine fever, with extensive damage to the brain and the spinal cord.
Dr. Dilip Kumar Sarma received his B.V.Sc &A.H. Degree from Assam Agricultural University in 1978 securing first class first position. He did his M.V.Sc and Ph.D degrees in Veterinary Bacteriology and Virology from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India in 1981 and 1987 respectively. He had one year post doctoral research training at the AFRC Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Surrey, U.K. under Commonwealth Govt. Scholarship. He has worked as Lecturer, Asstt. Professor, Virologist and as a Professor in the Department of Microbiology, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati, since 2004. He has received the National Fellow Award of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India to work in a project on Classical swine fever and he has been working in the project since 2005. He has guided four Ph.D students, published two textbooks and 165 research papers in the National and International Journals and several popular scientific articles. He has ...
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All of which added up to his grabbing a syringe of hog cholera vaccine when he really figured on giving a tetanus lKK sier.Plants by far are the biggest
Not only do these "foods-stuffs" not nourish you, but they can feed the harmful bacteria in your gut (where 70 percent of your immune system resides). Eventually the harmful bacteria can overpower your friendly flora, which can hamper your immune functioning ...
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DANILOVIC, Debora L. S.; MARUI, Suemi; LIMA, Erika U.; LUIZ, Arthur V. C.; BRESCIA, Marilia D. E. G.; MOYSES, Raquel A.; CERNEA, Claudio R.; BRANDAO, Lenine G.; CHAMMAS, Maria C.; SANTOS, Andre B. O. (HUMANA PRESS INC, 2014) ...
Looking for online definition of hog cholera vaccines in the Medical Dictionary? hog cholera vaccines explanation free. What is hog cholera vaccines? Meaning of hog cholera vaccines medical term. What does hog cholera vaccines mean?
APHIS recognizes the prevalence of CSF in Guatemala and responded immediately to their request for assistance to help control their latest outbreak," said Dr. John R. Clifford, USDAs Chief Veterinary Officer. "We sent a team of subject matter experts to assess the situation and concluded that the use of much-needed vaccine would help in containing the spread of the disease.". On March 19, APHIS donated the vaccines based on a request for assistance from the Guatemalan Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Humberto Maldonado, to help Guatemala control the spread of CSF there.. This assistance will help control and limit spread of CSF in Guatemala and neighboring countries. Among these countries are Mexico, currently working to control and eradicate the disease, and the United States, which has been free of CSF for over 30 years. Thus, this assistance extends beyond Guatemala and contributes to safeguarding animal health throughout Central and North America.. "With trade opportunities increasing each ...
Exotic animal diseases (EADs) are characterized by their capacity to spread global distances, causing impacts on animal health and welfare with significant economic consequences. We offer a critique of current import risk analysis approaches employed in the EAD field, focusing on their capacity to assess complex systems at a policy level. To address the shortcomings identified, we propose a novel method providing a systematic analysis of the likelihood of a disease incursion, developed by reference to the multibarrier system employed for the United Kingdom. We apply the network model to a policy-level risk assessment of classical swine fever (CSF), a notifiable animal disease caused by the CSF virus. In doing so, we document and discuss a sequence of analyses that describe system vulnerabilities and reveal the critical control points (CCPs) for intervention, reducing the likelihood of U.K. pig herds being exposed to the CSF virus. ...
Imports of pork rinds, a snack food made from deep-fried pork skins, are so well cooked that the risk of transmitting hog diseases, such as foot-and-mouth disease, swine vesicular disease, African swine fever and classical swine fever, is non-existent, said the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The European Commission said that given the serious impact that animal disease outbreaks can have on human health, society, the economy and trade, the allocation of EU co-financing will continue to assist national authorities to put in place precautionary measures, disease surveillance and eradication programmes, at national and European level.. Overall 142 programmes have been selected for EU funding: Bovine Tuberculosis (about €56 million); Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (about €42 million); Rabies (€27.5 million); Salmonellosis (about €17.5 million); Bovine Brucellosis (about €10 million); Classical Swine Fever (€3 million); Avian Influenza (€2.5 million); Bluetongue (€1.5 million); African Swine Fever and Swine Vesicular Disease in Italy (about €850.000).. EU co-financing has resulted in a continuous decrease in the number of cases of diseases, such as Salmonellosis (the second most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans) and Transmissible Spongiform ...
How BVDV affects fetal development depends on the timing of maternal infection during pregnancy. The eyes and central nervous system are targets of the virus, and characteristic deformations of the brain and skull are observed. These deformities include hydranencephaly, hydrocephalus, and microencephaly [6].. BVDV is not transmissible to people but can infect a number of ruminants. Other species in the pestivirus family - siblings to bovine viral diarrhea - include border disease of sheep and classical swine fever in pigs. All of these pestiviruses can cause birth deformities.. Another fascinating aspect of pestiviruses is that they can affect host immunity during infection. BVDV is capable of becoming a "persistent infection" that is never fully cleared from the body. Persistent infection can happen in a number of ways. BVDV can manipulate the mechanisms that identify pathogens in the body. The virus is therefore camouflaged as "self" and avoids targeting by the immune system [7]. Calves may be ...
Romania will be resuming on-farm vaccinations against classical swine fever (CSF) soon, the website of the US Department of Agriculture says.
At the IVMR, a rich past and an intense present complement each other. József Csontos (1889-1962), founding director of the then-called Animal Health Research Institute, together with Aladár Aujeszky developed the so-called carbolic glycerinated vaccine against rabies containing fixed virus. After World War II, he played a pivotal role in the eradication of infectious animal diseases, above all classical swine fever and porcine erysipelas, and also took part in organizing the healthcare of large stocks in intensive animal farming. Among past researchers of the institute, one of worldwide fame was Domokos Derzsy (1914-1975), whose scientific topics of interest spanned almost the entire spectrum of infectious animal diseases. He diagnosed and described several poultry diseases unknown in Hungary before, one of these was that caused by goose Parvovirus, which was named Derzsys disease in honor of his internationally significant research on this pathogen. Adorján Bartha (1923-1996) also worked ...
At the IVMR, a rich past and an intense present complement each other. József Csontos (1889-1962), founding director of the then-called Animal Health Research Institute, together with Aladár Aujeszky developed the so-called carbolic glycerinated vaccine against rabies containing fixed virus. After World War II, he played a pivotal role in the eradication of infectious animal diseases, above all classical swine fever and porcine erysipelas, and also took part in organizing the healthcare of large stocks in intensive animal farming. Among past researchers of the institute, one of worldwide fame was Domokos Derzsy (1914-1975), whose scientific topics of interest spanned almost the entire spectrum of infectious animal diseases. He diagnosed and described several poultry diseases unknown in Hungary before, one of these was that caused by goose Parvovirus, which was named Derzsys disease in honor of his internationally significant research on this pathogen. Adorján Bartha (1923-1996) also worked ...
swine fever virus N(pro) protein: has autoproteolytic activity; inhibits double-stranded RNA-mediated apoptosis and IFN-alpha/beta induction; GenBank AF144472
26 September 2000 Unigate blames losses on swine fever UNIGATE has blamed the outbreak of swine fever for preventing its pork processing plant in North Yor
Countries across Asia are struggling to contain an outbreak of swine fever, which is threatening the livelihoods of millions of families that rely on pig farming. The highly contagious and incurable virus is deadly to pigs but not dangerous to humans. The disease originally spread from Africa
Another case of swine fever was detected in Manta in Cahul district. The virus was confirmed by laboratory analysis after a man announced to the National Agency for Food Safety in the district that he had found his pig dead.Immediately, the emergency comm
Acid p h o s p h a t a s e a c t i v i t y was d e t e r m i n e d in cu l tu res of Klebsiella grown in s e m i s y n t h e t i c med ia c o n t a i n i n g glucose a n d succ ina te as source of carbon . T he p h o s p h a tase s u b s t r a t e was 7.6 m M para-nitrophenyl-phosphate in a p H 4.9, 0.09 M c i t ra te buf fe r solut ion. Bac t e r i a l cu l tu res were d i lu ted ou t in buf fe r and a d j u s t e d w i t h m e a n s of an E E L n e p h e l o m e t e r to 58 % of t he dev i a t i on of t he ga lvanom e t e r (100% was t he g round glass s t anda rd ) . Af t e r m inu t e s c o n t a c t of a l iquo ts of suspens ion and r e a g e n t followed b y cen t r i fuga t ion , t he s u p e r n a t a n t was r ead in a Spec t ron ic 20 a t 405 nm. The d i s t r i b u t i o n of the va lues ob t a ined w i t h i n each of t h e 3 m a i n species of Klebsiella in th i s s t u d y exh ib i t ed a single peak. The m ed i ans were as follow: 14. species 0.3-0.4; K, aerogenes 0.2-0.3; K. oxytoca 0-0
TY - JOUR. T1 - Results of a mammographic and clinical screening in a health district (USSL) of Brescia, Italy. AU - Filippini, Luigi. AU - Braga, Marco. AU - Perna, Egidio. AU - Bianchi, Anna Maria. AU - Bettoni, Carlo. AU - Lucini, Laura. AU - Pezzola, Diego. AU - Pinelli, Domenico. AU - Tonini, Gabriele. AU - Tonini, Gerolamo. AU - Callea, Francesco. PY - 1996/9. Y1 - 1996/9. N2 - Aims and background: Screening by mammography has been shown to be effective in reducing breast cancer mortality. We present the results of a mammographic and clinical screening program carried out in an Italian health district. Methods: The first screening round started in June 1987 and ended in July 1990, and 25,100 women between the age of 50 and 60 years were invited. The second screening round invited 34,332 women between the age of 50 and 64 years and was carried out from September 1990 to September 1993. Women with positive or equivocal results at palpation or mammography were referred for immediate ...
On January 12, 2010, the epicenter of Haitis 7.0 magnitude earthquake registered just fifteen miles from the capital. By the time the aftershocks ceased, Port-au-Prince was left in ruins. Hundreds of thousands died, and many of the survivors had nowhere to go; 1.5 million people lost their homes overnight. Over the following days and weeks, health-care workers and UN troops from around the world flocked to the country to aid the earthquake victims, accidentally bringing a strain of the cholera virus that ultimately triggered one of the worst epidemics in recent history.. Until then, Haiti was an epidemiologically naïve population, an island with no previous encounter with this particular strain of cholera, and therefore possessing no innate resistance. There were many places that medical personnel were unable to reach; where aid workers were able to estimate rates, 5 percent of the population contracted the disease, and without treatment, 40 percent of those patients died. Health centers ...
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Tiziana Stomeo,1,* Marco Grande,2 Gabriele Rainò,1,5 Adriana Passaseo,1 Antonella DOrazio,2 Roberto Cingolani,3 Andrea Locatelli,4 Daniele Modotto,4 Costantino De Angelis,4 and Massimo De Vittorio1,3 1National Nanotechnology Laboratory of CNR/INFM, Distretto Tecnologico-ISUFI, Università del Salento, Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce, Italy 2Dipartimento di Elettronica ed Elettrotecnica, Politecnico di Bari, Via Re David 200, 70125 Bari, Italy 3Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Center for Bio-Molecular Nanotechnology, Via Barsanti 1, Arnesano, 73010 Lecce, Italy 4Dipartimento di Elettronica per lAutomazione, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy 5Present address: IBM Research GmbH, Saümerstrasse 4, 8803 Rüschlikon, Switzerland *Corresponding author: [email protected] ...
As I sit here in my karate gi (uniform) and obi (black belt) ready to go teach a class at the dojo soon, Im compelled to mention an "exciting study" that I read about recently in a magazine ...
Global price cycle, Swine Fever outbreak in S Korea, China bans Dutch food imports, USDA forecasts, EU vets vote for new Spanish and German CSF measures, UK farmers suffer second FMD scare.....
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DAurizio, F., Tozzoli, R., Dorizzi, R. M., Brescia, V., Esposito, E., Fortunato, A., Giovanella, L. & Guzzaloni, G., Sep 1 2015, In : Rivista Italiana della Medicina di Laboratorio. 11, 3, p. 132-149 18 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
African swine fever. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic disease of pigs that produces a wide range of clinical signs and lesions that closely resemble those of classical swine fever. Infection, with a highly variable virulence, causes, typically 3-15 days later, high fever, reddening of the skin (visible only in pale-skinned pigs), decreased appetite, listlessness, loss of coordination, vomiting, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody) and eye discharges. Mortality rates can be as high as 100% in domestic pigs and wild boar, with death occurring in less than a week. In some cases, sudden death may be the only clinical sign.. The disease was first described after European settlers brought pigs into areas endemic with ASFV and, as such, is an example of an emerging infection. Although ASFV can be adapted to grow in cells from different species, it does not replicate readily in any species other than swine. Fortunately, African swine fever is not a human health threat.. The virus : ...
November 24, 2010 - The U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is amending its regulations governing the importation of certain animals and animal products by adding the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina to the list of regions we recognize as free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), rinderpest, swine vesicular disease (SVD), classical swine fever (CSF) and African swine fever (ASF). APHIS is also adding Santa Catarina to the list of regions that are subject to certain import restrictions on meat and meat products because of their proximity to or trading relationships with rinderpest- or FMD-affected countries. These actions will update the disease status of Santa Catarina with regard to FMD, rinderpest, SVD, CSF and ASF while continuing to protect the United States from an introduction of those diseases by providing additional requirements for live swine, pork meat, pork products, live ruminants, ruminant meat and ruminant products imported into the ...
Vaccination of wildlife has been studied for at least 50 years since the earliest attempts at oral vaccination against classical swine fever (CSF) (reviewed by Kaden et al. [32]). Although routine vaccination against CSF is prohibited in domestic pigs within the European Union, emergency vaccination is permitted. Vaccination has become more widely accepted as a potential option for the management of disease in wildlife populations following its successful employment in the control of sylvatic rabies [33]. Although currently very few vaccines for wildlife species have been licensed, work is on-going in a number of areas. Recent examples include experimental vaccination of wild white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) [34], a reservoir host species of the human Lyme disease agent (Borrelia burgdorferi), American robins (Turdus migratorius) [35], an amplification host for West Nile Virus, and bison (Bison bison) and elk (Cervus elaphus) against brucellosis [36]. A more extensive review of the ...
Swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) class I molecules play a crucial role in generating specific cellular immune responses against viruses and other intracellular pathogens. They mainly bind and present antigens of intracellular origin to circulating MHC I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Binding of an appropriate epitope to an SLA class I molecule is the single most selective event in antigen presentation and the first step in the killing of infected cells by CD8+ CTLs. Moreover, the antigen epitopes are strictly restricted to specific SLA molecules. In this study, we constructed SLA class I complexes in vitro comprising viral epitope peptides, the extracellular region of the SLA-1 molecules, and β2-microglobulin (β2m) using splicing overlap extension polymerase chain reaction (SOE-PCR). The protein complexes were induced and expressed in an Escherichia coli prokaryotic expression system and subsequently purified and refolded. Specific binding of seven SLA-1 proteins to one classical swine fever
APHIS has determined that the Republic of Cyprus is free of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), rinderpest, and swine vesicular disease (SVD), and is low risk for classical swine fever (CSF). This determination will allow the importation of meat and meat products into the United States from Cyprus under certain restrictions, while continuing to mitigate the risk of introducing these diseases into the United States. While this action covers the majority of the country, it does not include areas north of the United Nations buffer zone, known as the Green Line ...
Outbreaks of infectious animal diseases within the last 10-15 years in areas with intensive livestock production have shown how vulnerable the production systems can be when confronted with an outbreak of a highly infectious disease such as avian influenza, foot and mouth disease or classical swine fever. The veterinary administrations of the Nordic and Baltic countries have established contingency plans; the objectives of the plans include:. - to protect animal and human health. - to minimize economic loss for the livestock sector and the society as a whole. - to minimize damage to the environment.. This publication provides information on measures to be considered in contingency planning; the measures take into account:. - the pre-epidemic period; disease prevention. - the epidemic period; disease eradication. - the post-epidemic period; regaining of animal health status.. ...
Outbreaks of infectious animal diseases within the last 10-15 years in areas with intensive livestock production have shown how vulnerable the production systems can be when confronted with an outbreak of a highly infectious disease such as avian influenza, foot and mouth disease or classical swine fever. The veterinary administrations of the Nordic and Baltic countries have established contingency plans; the objectives of the plans include:. - to protect animal and human health. - to minimize economic loss for the livestock sector and the society as a whole. - to minimize damage to the environment.. This publication provides information on measures to be considered in contingency planning; the measures take into account:. - the pre-epidemic period; disease prevention. - the epidemic period; disease eradication. - the post-epidemic period; regaining of animal health status.. ...
TAGUM CITY-The City Government of Tagum assured the public that there is no reported swine fever virus in this city, following the concern raised by several sectors over the reported cases in some parts of the country.. Dr. Jesus Edullantes allayed fears of the public and strongly emphasized that the virus has not reached the local hog industry in the city.. Hinged on Administrative Order 04, s-2019 of the Department of Agriculture (DA), the local government unit of Tagum, headed by Mayor Allan Rellon, convened on Friday, August 20, 2019, the African Swine Fever Task Force (ASF-TF) which was created to ensure the continued implementation of precautionary measures relative food safety and food security in view of the reported increasing swine mortalities in the country.. The inter-agency task force, which is chaired by the City Veterinarian, planned to stringently enforce the said measures to ensure that transportation of live animals, meat products and meat by-products is prohibited unless ...
African swine fever has ravaged Chinas pig population, and the countrys consumers are feeling the pain. Some are even switching to other meats as the dietary staple becomes unaffordable.
The gangs are taking advantage of a highly contagious disease that has spread across much of the country and disrupted the worlds biggest pork market, reports Reuters.. The scam involves dumping dead pigs on farms and then spreading rumours that the farms are infected with African swine fever, which is often fatal for pigs but harmless for humans.. The gangs then pressure farmers to sell their hogs at lower prices, violating farmers rights and affecting normal pig production, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement.. The ministry did not give more details but it urged anyone who witnessed such activities to alert the authorities.. "All localities should be vigilant and actively guard against it," it said.. Up to half of Chinas breeding pigs have either died from African swine fever or been slaughtered because of the spreading disease, twice as many as officially acknowledged, Reuters reported last month. ...
Around a quarter of the worlds pigs are expected to die from African swine fever as authorities grapple with a complex disease spreading rapidly in the globalization era, the World Organization for Animal Healths president said Thursday.. A sharp reduction in the worlds pig population would lead to possible food shortages and high pork prices, and it might also cause shortfalls in the many products made from pigs, such as the blood-thinner heparin thats used in people, said Dr. Mark Schipp, the organizations president.. The diseases spread in the past year to countries including China, which has half the worlds pigs, had inflamed a worldwide crisis, Schipp told reporters at a briefing in Sydney.. "I dont think the species will be lost, but its the biggest threat to the commercial raising of pigs weve ever seen," he said. "And its the biggest threat to any commercial livestock of our generation.". African swine fever, fatal to hogs but no threat to humans, has wiped out pig herds in ...
SYDNEY (AP) - Around a quarter of the worlds pigs are expected to die from African swine fever as authorities grapple with a complex disease spreading rapidly in the globalization era, the World Organization for Animal Healths president said Thursday.. A sharp reduction in the worlds pig population would lead to possible food shortages and high pork prices, and it might also cause shortfalls in the many products made from pigs, such as the blood-thinner heparin thats used in people, said Dr. Mark Schipp, the organizations president.. The diseases spread in the past year to countries including China, which has half the worlds pigs, had inflamed a worldwide crisis, Schipp told reporters at a briefing in Sydney.. "I dont think the species will be lost, but its the biggest threat to the commercial raising of pigs weve ever seen," he said. "And its the biggest threat to any commercial livestock of our generation.". African swine fever, fatal to hogs but no threat to humans, has wiped out ...
(Bloomberg) -- As the coronavirus sweeps across the globe sickening humans, scientists are making progress on developing tests that could help combat a different deadly disease: African swine fever, which has been ravaging hog herds. The U.S.
SEJONG -- It is now close to one month since the nations first case of African swine fever was confirmed in Paju, Gyeonggi Province, on Sept. 17.The number of outbreaks of the deadly animal virus came to 13 as of 4 p.m., Oct. 8 -- eight in Gyeonggi Province and five in Incheon. All the affected regions are close to the inter-Korean border: Paju, Gyeonggi Province, with five cases; Yeoncheon, Gyeonggi Prov...
The supply of pork in China may remain tight for the next few years, a leading pig industry expert said recently, citing unprecedented losses due to African swine fever, which has spread around the country since August last year.
An African swine fever outbreak is threatening Chinas massive pork industry. Angus Gidley-Baird of RaboResearch Food and Agribusiness discusses.
China will auction 10,000 tonnes of reserve pork this week, the commerce ministry said, in a bid to control the fallout from an outbreak of African swine fever that has sent prices soaring and hit supplies of the meat ahead of a key holiday. In a statement published on its website Tuesday night, a state-owned
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The veterinary department said that 57 cases of ASF have been registered in seven regions since the start of 2012: 23 in Krasnodar territory, 19 in Tver, 11 in Volgograd region and one-off cases in Karelia and Kalmykia, Rostov and Yaroslavl regions.. The ASF situation worsened between June 19 and September 8. During this time 50 cases were identified in five regions - 20 in Krasnodar territory, 19 in Tver region, 9 in Volgograd and one each in Rostov and Yaroslavl regions. So far two cases of ASF have been eliminated in household farms, so there are now 48 cases of infection.. Despite a bank, household and small farms continue to feed pigs with fodder containing raw pig or wild boar slaughter products. "A major risk factor is that farm owners and managers are still underestimating the danger of the spread of ASF and are breaching biological protection of industrial zone regimes," the report says.. Fyodorov recommended that the example at Krasnodar territory be considered where careless farmers ...
The groups viral load averaged 2.3 log (200 copies), 59% had a blood plasma load above 50 copies, and 34% had a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) load over 50. CD4 count averaged 420 and lowest-ever CD4 count 174. Fourteen of 1205 people (0.9%) with an undetectable load in blood plasma had detectable virus in CSF. But 122 of 300 CSF samples (41%) with a sub-50-copy load had detectable virus when the investigators used a more sensitive assay. And detectable CSF virus correlated with worse antiretroviral penetration of the central nervous system (CNS), as determined by CNS penetration-effectiveness scores (P = 0.03) [2]. And detectable sub-50-copy load was also associated with cognitive impairment. While 47% of the 1555 cohort members had normal neurocognitive performance scores, 21% had mild impairment, 30% moderate impairment, and 2% severe impairment. Comparing three studies that measured neurocognitive impairment--one in 1987 just before the antiretroviral era, one in 1995 just before HAART arrived, ...
Canadian hogs, Suspected Swine Fever outbreak in Japan, Americans eat too much meat say cancer scientists, McDonalds sued over use of trans fat, Global price cycle, WTO members urged to meet deadline ...../
U.S. soybean exports have fallen in the past year in part because of the drop in exports to China due to tariffs and swine fever. U.S.
Torta DM, Legrain V, Duqué J, Olivier E, Mouraux A. Oral communication at the XIX Congress of the Italian Psychophysiological Society (SIPF) Brescia, Italy. Nov 2011.. ...
Directed by Alfonso Brescia. With Robert Hoffmann, Irina Demick, Pilar Velázquez, Howard Ross. An investigator is assigned to investigate a mans family after he is found dead only hours after taking out a million dollar insurance policy.
In der medizinischen Versorgung bekommt die Ernährung einen immer größeren Stellenwert. Zum einen sind heute Nahrungsmittelunverträglichkeiten häufiger anzutreffen, andererseits wird eine Ernährungsth
Microarray technology can be useful for pathogen detection as it allows simultaneous interrogation of the presence or absence of a large number of genetic signatures. However, most microarray assays are labour-intensive and time-consuming to perform. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and novel accompanying automated electronic microarray assay for simultaneous detection and differentiation of seven important viruses that affect swine (foot-and-mouth disease virus [FMDV], swine vesicular disease virus [SVDV], vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus [PRRSV] and porcine circovirus type 2 [PCV2 ...
Accepted name: pestivirus NS3 polyprotein peptidase. Reaction: Leu is conserved at position P1 for all four cleavage sites. Alanine is found at position P1 of the NS4A-NS4B cleavage site, whereas serine is found at position P1 of the NS3-NS4A, NS4B-NS5A and NS5A-NS5B cleavage sites. Other name(s): border disease virus NS3 endopeptidase; BDV NS3 endopeptidase; bovine viral diarrhea virus NS3 endopeptidase; BVDV NS3 endopeptidase; classical swine fever virus NS3 endopeptidase; CSFV NS3 endopeptidase; p80. Comments: The polyprotein of noncytopathogenic pestiviruses is cleaved co- and post-translationally into at least 11 proteins (Npro, C, Erns, E1, E2, p7, NS2-3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5A, and NS5B) [2]. The genomes of cytopathogenic pestivirus strains express at least one additional protein, called NS3 (p80) [2]. This enzyme, which resides in the N-terminal region of NS3 (nonstructural protein 3), is essential for generation of its own C-terminus and for processing of the downstream cleavage sites, ...
In 2016, two small-scale fattening pig farms (about 200 or 300 American Landrace pigs in total), locating in Guangdong province (southern China) and Jilin province (northern China) separated by more than 3, 000 km in distance (Fig. 1), suffered from severe respiratory disease (SRD). Pigs (2-3 months old) on both farms have received immunizations against PCV2, pseudorabies virus (PRV), classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and type 2 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). However, the morbidity rate of pigs on the two farms was approximately 60%, the mortality in affected pigs was about 80%. From autopsy results of 18 individual dead pigs (n = 8 for farm A, n = 10 for farm B) (Additional file 1: Table S1), the similar macroscopic lesions were concentrated in the lungs and lymph nodes, which was characterized by PRRSV- or PCV2-like lesions including pulmonary interstitial widening, congestion and lymphadenopathy bleeding. These 18 pig lung samples were defined as the samples ...
MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines Department of Agriculture on Tuesday threatened legal action against hog traders ignoring strict animal quarantine rules as it confirmed new cases of African swine fever infections in metropolitan Manila and a northern province.. Agriculture Secretary William Dar said the highly contagious and deadly disease was detected in another backyard hog-raising business in Quezon City in the countrys capital.. Dar, who also confirmed African swine fever outbreaks in Pangasinan province in the northern Philippines, has ordered the culling of pigs in affected areas.. The incurable disease is wreaking havoc on hog industries in China and Southeast Asia and could also spell trouble for U.S. grain exporters supplying animal feeds to virus-hit countries such as Vietnam, Myanmar and the Philippines.. Dar told reporters hog traders transporting infected pigs were to blame for the rising number of African swine fever cases in the Philippines.. "All hog traders, the full force ...
Modulation of the structure, catalytic activity, and fidelity of African swine fever virus DNA polymerase X by a reversible disulfide switch.
occurs in South America, Asia (including Indonesia) and certain European countries. Information on current country status can be obtained from the OIE World Animal Health Information Database. The last time CSF occurred in Australia was in 1962. Outbreaks have recently been reported in Bulgaria (in wild species), Israel and Lithuania.. Classical swine fever virus is a highly contagious Pestivirus which only infects swine, and is antigenically related to border disease virus and bovine viral diarrhoea virus. Pig to pig transmission is most common but CSF can also be spread by aerosol, swill feeding and mechanically by insects and fomites. Swill feeding of peri-urban pigs is a likely method of re-introduction of this virus to Australia and hence CSF may first be encountered by a veterinary practitioner servicing these areas. Strains vary greatly in their virulence. The last outbreak in Australia was caused by a mild strain that was detected only by a reported increase in fevered carcasses at ...
Background The genus pestivirus within the family Flaviviridaeincludes bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) types 1 and 2, border disease virus (BDV) and classical swine fever virus. The two...
African swine fever is a devastating hemorrhagic fever of pigs, caused by the African swine fever virus (ASFV). In Africa, the presence of a sylvatic cycle involving warthogs and soft ticks means that the risk of introduction of ASFV into domestic swine is always present. Bushpigs (Potamochoerus larvatus) are nocturnal, susceptible to ASFV and share a natural interface with both warthogs and domestic pigs. The role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of ASFV if any is not understood, yet control strategies of the disease in areas with probable contact between bushpigs and domestic pigs would depend on such information. This study used a molecular and ecological approach to investigate the role of the bushpig in the epidemiology of African swine fever at the wildlife-livestock interface in Uganda. The GPS/GSM tracking collars were used to monitor the movement patterns of free-ranging domestic pigs and bushpigs. Four free-ranging domestic pigs and five bushpigs were collared and their movements ...
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly contagious disease of pigs that has a near 100% mortality rate. The disease was first reported in Kenya in 1921 and was introduced to the Caucasus region when it spread to Georgia in mid-2007. Since this introduction, ASFV has spread to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Russia. From 2007 to 2017, Russia reported more than 1,000 ASFV outbreaks that resulted in approximately 800,000 pigs being killed. From March to October 2017, there were outbreaks of ASFV in Siberia, causing concern that the disease could spread to China. In August 2018, the FAO noted that ASFV strain detected in China was "similar" to the strain detected in Russia in 2017 ...
African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data analysed by these Member States and EFSA.. The disease is spreading at about 2 km a month in Latvia and Estonia, and 1 km a month in Lithuania and Poland. In addition, the number of infected animals found among hunted wild boar is very low (up to 3%). The outbreaks in wild boar in the Baltic countries and Poland can therefore be defined as a "small-scale epidemic".. The report covers cases reported between 2014 and 2016.. "This report is the outcome of a fruitful cooperation with Member States. We look forward to continuing investigations on this disease, which has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries," says Andrea Gervelmeyer, veterinary epidemiologist at EFSA.. The first cases of African swine fever were identified in Lithuania and in eastern Poland at the beginning of 2014. The disease was subsequently reported in Latvia and Estonia. No additional ...
Indian swine flu (2015). *MERS in South Korea (2015). *Angolan yellow fever (2016) ... Post-classical. *First plague pandemic (541-767). *Plague of Justinian (541-542) ...
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) oder Hog cholera virus. *Familie ‚Fusariviridae'[47][48][49] ... sequence similarity between the dinoflagellate-infecting marine girus and the terrestrial pathogen African swine fever virus. ...
... classical swine fever,[109] avian influenza,[110] Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia[111] and Salmonella infections in pigs.[112] ... Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid. The live ... Egg protein is present in influenza and yellow fever vaccines as they are prepared using chicken eggs. Other proteins may be ... T-cell receptor peptide vaccines are under development for several diseases using models of Valley Fever, stomatitis, and ...
... which gave rise to the classical swine and human H1N1 influenza lineages. The last common ancestor of human strains dates to ... yellow fever, diphtheria, and cholera all occurred near the same time. These outbreaks probably lessened the significance of ... Looking Through Indonesia's History For Answers to Swine Flu Archived 2 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. The Jakarta Globe ... One hypothesis is that the virus strain originated at Fort Riley, Kansas, in viruses in poultry and swine which the fort bred ...
"Fluoroquinolones for treating typhoid and paratyphoid fever (enteric fever)". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (10): ... Zimmerman, Jeffrey; Karriker, Locke; Ramirez, Alejandro; Kent Schwartz; Gregory Stevenson (15 May 2012). Diseases of Swine ( ... Classical diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) presents with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, but without diarrhea.[1] One study ... The first usage of "gastroenteritis" was in 1825.[79] Before this time it was commonly known as typhoid fever or "cholera ...
Bennet, S. (2008). "Mind and madness in classical antiquity". History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology: 175-197. doi: ... Christ cured this "demonic madness" by casting out the demons and hurling them into a herd of swine. Exorcism is still utilized ... psychosis as a sign of illness is often compared to fever since both can have multiple causes that are not readily apparent.[2] ...
The medieval wild-man concept also drew on lore about similar beings from the Classical world such as the Roman faun and ... three swine-herds, that have made themselves all men of hair, they call themselves Saltiers, and they have a dance which the ... sending fever; Ukrainian Carpathian dika baba - an attractive woman in seven-league boots, sacrifices children and drinks their ... comparable to the satyr or faun type in classical mythology and to Silvanus, the Roman god of the woodlands. The defining ...
When the fever abated they were weak and tame. Accounts can be found in the sagas. To "go berserk" was to "hamask", which ... Duckworth and the Classical Press of Wales. ISBN 0715630466 Shay, Jonathan (1994). Achilles in Vietnam. New York: Scribner. p. ... The powerful god Freyr owned the boar Gullinbursti and the goddess Freyja owned Hildisvíni ("battle swine"), and these boars ... See Online Medieval and Classical Library Release #28a for full text. Ellis-Davidson, Hilda R. (1967) Pagan Scandinavia, p. 100 ...
The clinical symptoms of ASFV infection are very similar to classical swine fever virus, and the two diseases normally have to ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the causative agent of African swine fever (ASF). The virus causes a haemorrhagic fever ... In July, 3 farms discovered African swine fever in Estonia. [...] African swine fever spreads to farmed pigs, 500 animals to be ... "Russia bans hogs and pork from Belarus on African swine fever". Bloomberg. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2014-01-27. African swine ...
In 2007, a classical swine fever virus (CSFV) was produced in C. reinhardtii, providing immunity in mice that were ... Foot-and-mouth disease Hepatitis B Classical swine fever virus White spot syndrome virus Staphylococcus aureus (common cause of ...
... others include Classical swine fever virus (previously hog cholera virus)-contains viruses infecting non-human mammals Group: ... Border disease virus Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 Classical swine fever virus Unclassified Other ... Genus Flavivirus (type species Yellow fever virus, others include West Nile virus, Dengue Fever and Zika virus). Genus ... Louis encephalitis Tick-borne encephalitis West Nile encephalitis Yellow fever Zika fever "Flaviviridae". Microbe Wiki. ...
An outbreak of classical swine fever (hog cholera) in the Philippine region of Central Luzon, particularly the provinces of ... swine flu and the pseudo-rabies virus that hit some farms have now been placed under control through measures the Department of ...
Kolupaeva, VG; Pestova TV; Hellen CU (2000). "Ribosomal binding to the internal ribosomal entry site of classical swine fever ...
The classical swine fever virus UTR described appears to be longer at the 5' end than other pestivirus UTRs. This family ... Kolupaeva, VG; Pestova TV; Hellen CU (2000). "Ribosomal binding to the internal ribosomal entry site of classical swine fever ...
Lawson stated that various rare diseases, such as foot and mouth disease, classical swine fever, and Contagious bovine ...
... african swine fever MeSH C22.905.170 --- classical swine fever MeSH C22.905.260 --- edema disease of swine MeSH C22.905.323 ... swine erysipelas MeSH C22.905.850 --- swine vesicular disease MeSH C22.905.927 --- vesicular exanthema of swine. ... of swine MeSH C22.905.626 --- pneumonia of swine, mycoplasmal MeSH C22.905.700 --- porcine reproductive and respiratory ... rift valley fever MeSH C22.488.088 --- african horse sickness MeSH C22.488.304 --- equine infectious anemia MeSH C22.488.409 ...
... classical swine fever virus MeSH B04.909.777.411 --- hepatitis delta virus MeSH B04.909.777.415 --- hepatitis e virus MeSH ... classical swine fever virus MeSH B04.820.410.050 --- allolevivirus MeSH B04.820.410.500 --- levivirus MeSH B04.820.455.149 --- ... african swine fever virus MeSH B04.909.204.120 --- circoviridae MeSH B04.909.204.120.150 --- circovirus MeSH B04.909.204.120. ... african swine fever virus MeSH B04.280.065.249 --- granulovirus MeSH B04.280.065.500 --- nucleopolyhedrovirus MeSH B04.280. ...
They cause Classical swine fever (CSF) and Bovine viral diarrhea(BVD). Mucosal disease is a distinct, chronic persistent ... African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus which replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells and ... Flaviviruses include the West Nile virus, dengue virus, Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus, Yellow Fever Virus, and several other ... yellow fever virus and the tick-borne flaviviruses e.g. louping ill virus. Paramyxoviruses are a diverse family of non- ...
... then returned to Minnesota and studied classical swine fever (also known as hog cholera). Bachrach found that the disease could ...
... classical swine fever MeSH C02.782.350.675.400 --- hemorrhagic syndrome, bovine MeSH C02.782.417.214 --- dengue fever MeSH ... african swine fever MeSH C02.081.885.200 --- colorado tick fever MeSH C02.081.885.400 --- encephalitis, tick-borne MeSH C02.081 ... phlebotomus fever MeSH C02.782.147.810 --- rift valley fever MeSH C02.782.160.927 --- vesicular exanthema of swine MeSH C02.782 ... hemorrhagic fever, ebola MeSH C02.782.417.435 --- hemorrhagic fever, omsk MeSH C02.782.417.450 --- hemorrhagic fever with renal ...
3) (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/25) Classical Swine Fever (Scotland) Order 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/426) Land Reform ( ... African Swine Fever (Scotland) Order 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/586) Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001 (Transitional Provisions and ...
African horse sickness virus African swine fever virus Avian influenza virus (highly pathogenic) Classical swine fever virus ... Viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) viruses: African VHF viruses: Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus Ebola virus* Lassa fever ... Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever) Junin virus (Argentine hemorrhagic fever) Machupo (Bolivian hemorrhagic fever) Sabiá virus ( ... Brazilian hemorrhagic fever) Abrin Botulinum neurotoxins* Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin Conotoxins Ricin Saxitoxin ...
... classical swine fever virus NS3 endopeptidase, CSFV NS3 endopeptidase, p80) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following ...
... including classical swine fever virus, and Hepacivirus genus, including Hepatitis C virus. The SVV IRES RNA shares similarities ...
... (known as Yava in both Vedic and Classical Sanskrit) is mentioned many times in Rigveda and other Indian scriptures as ... especially for swine and poultry. Hulless barley has been investigated for several potential new applications as whole grain, ... soup and broth for fevers. Additionally, barley can be roasted and turned into roasted barley tea, a popular Asian drink. In ...
Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease ... "Classical swine fever" (PDF). The Center for Food Security and Public Health. Retrieved 20 May 2017. "Scrapie Fact Sheet". ... "Swine Growing-Finishing Units" (PDF). Pork Industry handbook. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 17 May ... nor a swine was there left, that was not set down in [the king's] writ." For example, the royal manor of Earley in Berkshire, ...
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Camel pox virus Classical swine fever virus Cowdria ruminantium (Heartwater) Foot-and-mouth ... African horse sickness virus African swine fever virus Akabane virus Avian influenza virus (highly pathogenic) Bluetongue virus ... Coccidioides posadasii Conotoxins Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus Diacetoxyscirpenol Ebola virus Lassa fever virus ... Peste des petits ruminants virus Rinderpest virus Sheep pox virus Swine vesicular disease virus Vesicular stomatitis virus ( ...
G-CSF-induced sympathetic tone provokes fever and primes anti-mobilizing functions of neutrophils via PGE2 Reparative effects ... Neuropathic ocular pain due to dry eye is associated with multiple comorbid chronic pain syndromes Recruitment of classical ... tumor regression A two-compartment mathematical model of endotoxin-induced inflammatory and physiologic alterations in swine ...
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus; Classical swine fever virus; genes; lungs; heart; Suid alphaherpesvirus 1 ...
The comparative biology of classical swine fever. In Classical swine fever and related viral infections (B. Liess, ed.). ... INTRODUCTION The three pestiviruses, h o g cholera (classical swine fever) virus (HCV), bovine virus diarrhoea (mucosal disease ... DARBYSHIRE J . H . (1960). - A serological relationship between swine fever and mucosal disease of cattle. Vet. Rec., 72, 3 3 1 ... SHIMIZU M. & KUMAGAI T . (1989). - Experimental infection of pregnant goats with swine fever virus. Vet. Micro., 20, 207-214. ...
7 Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) Flaviviridae (+) ssRNA Swine Lethal fever Pig tissue monocytes and M Tissue monocytes and ... CSFV Classical swine fever virus. EMCV Encephalomyocarditis virus. MHV Mouse hepatitis virus. ZIKV Zika virus. MVV Maedi-visna ... 21 African swine fever virus (ASFV) Asfarviridae dsDNA Pig, warthogs, bushpigs, soft ticks Lethal haemorrhagic fever -Pig. - ... Several viruses use classical receptors and transmembrane proteins that are widely represented in cells and are not restricted ...
Safety and efficacy of a novel live marker vaccine against Classical swine fever virus (2016) ...
Economic Analysis of Classical Swine Fever Surveillance in the Netherlands. And the download impossible joyce: finnegans wakes ... The October 19, 1929 download of the Commercial and Financial Chronicle felt the classical commercial anthropologists on the ... Classical and Quantum Gravity, 18,( 19) course McClure-Griffiths, NM and Dickey, JM and Gaensler, BM and Green, AJ and Haynes, ... volume of a Susceptibility Gene for Familial Nonmedullary Thyroid Carcinoma to Chromosome classical, American Journal of Human ...
Argentina, Bulgaria and Costa Rica were recognized as being free of classical swine fever (CSF). ... swine as well as sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants. ... of the highly contagious disease which causes fever, mouth ...
... fatigue-letharyFDAFDA studiesFDA warningsfearfear of opposite sexfeeling judgedFerrum metallicumfeverfever is goodfever phobia ... summer survival tipssunburnssunscreensunstrokesuperfoodssuppressionSuppression versus Curesustainabilityswallowed objectswine ... Cipro-Ciprofloxacin-Fluoroquinolone-Antibiotic reactioncipro/fluoroquinilone reactioncipro poisoningcivil war medicineClassical ... grass allergyhayfeverheadacheheadache helpheadacheshealing benefits of feverhealthcare costshealth effectshealth freedomhealth ...
... fatigue-letharyFDAFDA studiesFDA warningsfearfear of opposite sexfeeling judgedFerrum metallicumfeverfever is goodfever phobia ... summer survival tipssunburnssunscreensunstrokesuperfoodssuppressionSuppression versus Curesustainabilityswallowed objectswine ... Cipro-Ciprofloxacin-Fluoroquinolone-Antibiotic reactioncipro/fluoroquinilone reactioncipro poisoningcivil war medicineClassical ... grass allergyhayfeverheadacheheadache helpheadacheshealing benefits of feverhealthcare costshealth effectshealth freedomhealth ...
Classical 5-Element Acupuncture Demo. by: Sarah Brooks. Runtime: 00:00:40. Views: 227 , Comments (1) ... After taking the first dose of the z-pak I felt 100 times better by the next evening and was eating again with no fever -Posted ... Skin RashSmoking CessationSocial Anxiety DisorderStaphylococcal InfectionsStressStrokeSurgical RecoverySwellinghandsSwine Flu ( ... I am into my 5th day with one more tablet to take yet I still have a low grade fever this morning.. Very disappointed but my ...
WIDGET_Classic Cat: The Free Classical Music Directory (one click away). WIDGET_Classic Cat: The Free Classical Music Directory ... That night, she had a febrile seizure ― a type of seizure brought on by fever that is relatively common in children under 5 and ... Marotta knows firsthand how real those losses are: Her son Joseph died after contracting H1N1 during the 2009 swine flu ... KUSC.org - Classical FM 91.5 (click to access KUSC.org - Classical 91.5) ...
https://newatlas.com/genetically-edited-pigs-swine-fever/57694/. *https://newatlas.com/gut-bacteria-gene-expression-dna-control ... https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/18/theres-now-proof-that-quantum-computers-can-outperform-classical-machines/ ... https://phys.org/news/2018-06-harmonic-oscillator-classical-like-state-nonclassical.html ...
... bearing a T-cell epitope from foot-and-mouth disease virus protein 3A improves humoral response against classical swine fever ... were synthesized in order to evaluate their immunogenicity and their potential protection against classical swine fever virus ( ...
In a study of the economic impact of three exotic diseases on the pig industry of Australia (classical swine fever, Nipah virus ... with classical swine fever the most serious of the three diseases. Establishment of any of the diseases would lead to rapid ... General Signs / Fever, pyrexia, hyperthermia Pigs:All Stages. Sign General Signs / Inability to stand, downer, prostration Sign ... In humans, infection with the virus can cause encephalitis, fever, headaches, altered levels of consciousness, and pneumonia. ...
African swine fever (ASF) has spread widely across Asia since it was first discovered in August 2018. ... Having other businesses at the conference, beyond the scope of classical animal health companies, such as corporate clinics, ... Market Report: The risk of African swine fever in the US and Australia - June 2020. 8 Jul 2020. ... Market Report: The risk of African swine fever in the US and Australia - June 2020. 8 Jul 2020. ...
For the modes of transmission of salmonellosis and Classical Swine Fever, see the appropriate section. Ear necrosis due to the ... In the swine fevers, the viruses cause proliferation of the cells lining the blood vessels to cause blockage and the ears ... The past presence of erysipelas may also be confirmed, but the possibility that the swine fevers may be involved should also be ... Occasionally the ears are involved in generalised skin diseases such as exudtive epidermitis (greasy pig disease) or swine pox ...
African Swine Fever. • Avian Influenza. • Classical Swine Fever. • Foot and Mouth Disease. • Heartwater. • Methicillin ... Recognizing Exotic Livestock Disease: Rift Valley Fever. Duration: 9 mins. A hypothetical scenario of a Rift Valley fever ... FMD Pocket Guide for Swine. • FMD Pocket Guide for Cattle. • Personalized Farm Signs. ... A hypothetical scenario of a Rift Valley fever outbreak.. Used with permission of CSIRO. ...
Surface display of classical swine fever virus E2 glycoprotein on gram-positive enhancer matrix (GEM) particles via the SpyTag/ ...
African swine fever virus (ASFV) causes a devastating disease of pigs. It is a large complex DNA virus and is the only member ... African swine fever and classical swine fever: a review of the pathogenesis. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift 110 (4) , 165 ... African swine fever is a notifiable disease and should be reported. Please see the Defra website for advice on how to spot and ... African swine fever expert, Dr Linda Dixon, explains what ASF is and how it is spread in a BBC World Service Science in Action ...
Were also always concerned with things like classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease virus because those also can ... "Seneca Valley Virus, or Seneca A Virus, had a reemergence back in 2015, but were also concerned about African swine fever, ... The North American PRRS Symposium was held recently to look at new swine disease research and try to tackle not only porcine ... Lisa Becton, Director of Swine Health Information and Research at the National Pork Board, speaks to The Pig Sites Sarah ...
Classical swine fever (CSF, Hog Cholera). 2. 7. NAHLN Assay. Contact Lab. ... Malignant Catarrhal Fever virus (MCF). EDTA blood, Fresh or fixed tissues. Lymphoid tissues such as spleen, lymph nodes, lung, ...
Spread of swine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus from peripheral nerves to the CNS. ... In this respect the resin embedding method is superior to the classical method. ... gabapentin alcohol hangover fever. *gabapentin anxiety dose scholarly articles. *gabapentin dose for dogs by weight ... purification and crystallization by classical approaches. However, for a majority of clinical situations, the mechanisms ...
Veterinarians and swine producers are assisting our countrys ASF preparedness when they make regular submissions to their VDLs ... With this in mind, the USDA has already implemented active surveillance for ASF (Classical swine fever surveillance occurs ... A look inside African swine fever testing at vet diagnostic labs. Veterinarians and swine producers are assisting our countrys ... Biosecurity of our national swine herd is a major focus of our response to African swine fever outbreaks that have swept ...
2 The family doctor checked him for fever and discovered that he had injuries on his private parts. This is when the boy ... So I took up teaching assignments in schools and trained girls in classical dance. But, my true calling was psychology. So I ... The matter came to light when the victims family doctor checked him for fever and found injuries on his private parts on March ... he had no idea that it could be something more serious than an oncoming bout of fever. Not only did the discomfort continue ...
India develops new vaccine to control classical swine fever 15-02-2020 ...
  • The North American PRRS Symposium was held recently to look at new swine disease research and try to tackle not only porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus but other emerging diseases as well. (thepigsite.com)
  • At the time of sample collection none of the herds had reported PCVAD-associated problems and all herds were free from porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome PRRS virus, classical swine fever CSF and Aujeszky's disease ADas determined by periodically performed serological testing on sows of mixed parities or wean-to-finish pigs. (greenworldslimmingcapsule.info)
  • The IDEXX PRRS Oral Fluids Ab Test is an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for the detection of antibodies to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus in samples of swine oral fluid collected from individual pigs or composite samples of oral fluid from a pen of pigs. (idexx.com)
  • Our results also ruled out other suspected agents, such as classical swine fever, African swine fever, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, and some bacterial infections. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Occasionally the ears are involved in generalised skin diseases such as exudtive epidermitis (greasy pig disease) or swine pox and the lesions themselves may become necrotic or form a focus for ear biting or further infection. (pigprogress.net)
  • PRRS is probably one of the number one domestic diseases that we see and that producers face, so it is a big concern because it's something that is a very severe challenge for pork producers," said Dr Lisa Becton, Director of Swine Health Information and Research at the National Pork Board. (thepigsite.com)
  • Again, these signs are also typical of a variety of regular domestic swine diseases. (nationalhogfarmer.com)
  • If foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), classical swine fever (CSF) or ASF is found in the United States, regulatory officials will limit the movement of animals and animal products to try to control the spread of these very contagious animal diseases," Webb said. (pork.org)
  • The global emergence and re-emergence of swine diseases in recent years has had a major impact on the pork industry, both within Canada and abroad. (gc.ca)
  • Seneca Valley Virus, or Seneca A Virus, had a reemergence back in 2015, but we're also concerned about African swine fever , especially with the infection announced last year in China. (thepigsite.com)
  • Could the new swine virus be a Òherald waveÓ? (mmnp-journal.org)
  • Nucleotide sequence of classical swine fever virus strain Alfort/187 and transcription of infectious RNA from stably cloned full-length cDNA. (asm.org)
  • LDV), equine arteritis virus, and simian hemorrhagic regenerated permissive macrophages and the escape from fever virus, belongs to the family Arteriviridae ( 6). (cdc.gov)
  • BEIJING - Scientists from China have found a virus with "pandemic potential" that is related to the swine flu, according to a study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (newsr.in)
  • According to CNN, Chinese researchers say the G4 virus descends from 2009's H1N1 swine flu. (newsr.in)
  • China's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said on Saturday that the so-called "G4" strain of swine flu virus is not new and does not infect or sicken humans and animals easily, rebuffing a. (newsr.in)
  • PRRSV belongs to the genus Arterivirus of the family Arteriviridae , along with equine arteritis virus (EAV), lactate dehydrogenase elevating virus (LDV) of mice and simian haemorrhagic fever virus (SHFV) [ 12 , 13 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Marotta knows firsthand how real those losses are: Her son Joseph died after contracting H1N1 during the 2009 swine flu pandemic, when swine flu deaths exceeded those from the seasonal flu. (wordpress.com)
  • The results of this work indicate that the risk of contact among wild boars and animals reared in closed production systems may be high in the study area and only establishment of appropriate biosecurity measures that consider the characteristics and habits of the boar may prevent the intrusion of this species and contact with domestic swine. (pvb.com.br)
  • These incidents emphasize the need for a comprehensive, coordinated approach to swine biosecurity. (gc.ca)
  • Led by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), federal, provincial and territorial governments are continuously collaborating with industry and the public to implement and augment swine biosecurity programs aimed at reducing disease transmission and protecting the interests of Canadians. (gc.ca)
  • Brazil's access to many top-tier markets had remained limited by concerns over the introduction of the highly contagious disease which causes fever, mouth blisters and foot ruptures in cattle, swine as well as sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants. (bovinevetonline.com)
  • and Classical swine fever, a potentially deadly pig disease. (kcur.org)
  • It's going to take a nationwide effort by all stakeholders to keep this disease from reaching this country," said Patrick Webb, DVM, the Pork Checkoff's director of swine health programs. (pork.org)
  • Initially, the disease was referred to as "mys- in mice that is recognized only by an elevation of plasma tery swine disease" until its cause was determined to be a lactate dehydrogenase activity. (cdc.gov)
  • ASF may have reached pandemic proportions, meaning it is occurring over a wide geographic area," says Paul Sundberg, DVM, director of the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC). (pork.org)
  • Chinese researchers have discovered a new type of swine flu that can infect humans and has the potential to cause a future pandemic, according to a study released on Monday, though scientists have. (newsr.in)
  • The Conversation: Is swine flu going to be the next pandemic? (newsr.in)
  • By Kai Kupferschmidt, Jon Cohen Mar. The first recorded medical application of an infusion of the bark of the cinchona tree dates back to 1630 when Don Juan López de Cannizares was treated in Peru for an intermittent fever. (laurabianconi.it)
  • Brazil recently announced the launch of a programme to also eradicate Classical Swine Fever (CSF) from the last. (pigprogress.net)
  • Symptoms are flu-like in nature and include shortness of breath, cough, fever, loss of sense of smell and/or taste, shaking chills, headache, and sore throat. (laurabianconi.it)
  • Romania will be resuming on-farm vaccinations against classical swine fever (CSF) soon, the website of the US Department of Agriculture says. (pigprogress.net)
  • Argentina, Bulgaria and Costa Rica were recognized as being free of classical swine fever (CSF). (bovinevetonline.com)
  • With the advancement of wild boar distribution in the rural environment, its impacts are not limited to health in the pig sector, but the requirements for monitoring and control of the species are requirements laid down by the OIE for the recognition of classical swine fever free zone status. (pvb.com.br)
  • Could the New Swine Flu Discovered in China Affect Humans As Well? (newsr.in)
  • Classical swine fever, however, apart from an introduction with subsequent endemic establishment in Madagascar and a number of introductions into Mauritius, the last one in 2000, had apparently remained absent from the region until it was diagnosed in the Western and subsequently the Eastern Cape of South Africa in 2005. (up.ac.za)
  • To evaluate the risk potential of wild boar for commercial and subsistence swine farming in southern Mato Grosso do Sul, a model of environmental suitability was constructed for this species in the swine producing region. (pvb.com.br)
  • The experiment was done at the swine farm on the campus of the Rajamangala University of Technology Isan (RMUTI), Sakon Nakhon Campus. (lrrd.org)
  • Bollywood actress Sonam Kapoor shared her concerns about a new type of swine flu that has been discovered by researchers in China. (newsr.in)
  • Sunetra talks about the number of covid-19 cases in India, new variant called G4 of swine. (newsr.in)
  • The wild man (also wildman, or "wildman of the woods") is a mythical figure that appears in the artwork and literature of medieval Europe, comparable to the satyr or faun type in classical mythology and to Silvanus, the Roman god of the woodlands. (wikipedia.org)
  • The medieval wild-man concept also drew on lore about similar beings from the Classical world such as the Roman faun and Silvanus, and perhaps even Heracles. (wikipedia.org)