A plant genus, of the family ONAGRACEAE, which is the subject of genetic studies. The floral aroma is attributed to benzenoid esters and benzyl acetate.
The evening primrose plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Flower parts are mostly in fours and the ovary is inferior.
A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.
An aldose-ketose isomerase that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate. In prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms it plays an essential role in glycolytic and gluconeogenic pathways. In mammalian systems the enzyme is found in the cytoplasm and as a secreted protein. This secreted form of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase has been referred to as autocrine motility factor or neuroleukin, and acts as a cytokine which binds to the AUTOCRINE MOTILITY FACTOR RECEPTOR. Deficiency of the enzyme in humans is an autosomal recessive trait, which results in CONGENITAL NONSPHEROCYTIC HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of methoxybenzene and contain the general formula R-C7H7O.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445)
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members of this genus can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS.
A plant genus of the family CECROPIACEAE. Hypotensive and hypoglycemic effects have been observed in animals after ingesting members of this genus. There is no relation to cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia) see MOTHS.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Former state in north central Germany. Formally abolished March 1, 1947. Kingdom established 1701.
Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that contains the Phl p 4 allergen.
A plant family of the order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes called the teasel family.
The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.
A genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known for its mild calming effect and for the way cats are attracted to the aroma.
The rose plant family in the order ROSALES and class Magnoliopsida. They are generally woody plants. A number of the species of this family contain cyanogenic compounds.
Legal dissolution of an officially recognized marriage relationship.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.

The 5' leader of plant PgiC has an intron: the leader shows both the loss and maintenance of constraints compared with introns and exons in the coding region. (1/9)

PgiC, a complex gene with 23 coding exons and 22 intervening introns, encodes the cytosolic isozyme of phosphoglucose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.9) in higher plants. Here, we report RNA ligase-mediated rapid amplification of cDNA ends experiments that showed that PgiC in Clarkia (Onagraceae) and Arabidopsis thaliana has an intron in the 5' leader. Comparison of the EMBL accessions of the cDNA and genomic sequences showed that this is also the case in rice (Oryza sativa), suggesting that a leader intron is generally present in higher plant PgiC. The intron is bounded by consensus 5'-GT and AG-3' splice sites but showed alternative splicing in Clarkia, resulting in mature transcripts that differ by 8-19 nt in length. The intron is located 18 or 10 nt upstream of the start codon in Clarkia, 2 nt upstream in Arabidopsis, and 9 nt in rice. PgiC in Clarkia was duplicated before the divergence of the extant species, many of which have two expressed genes PgiC1 and PgiC2. Full-length transcripts of both genes identified the transcription start and made it possible to identify the leader intron and leader exon (between the transcription start and leader intron) from previously obtained genomic sequences of both genes in other Clarkia species. These data permit the comparison of evolution in the leader exon and intron with the exons and introns of the coding region, a topic that has not been studied previously. Both the leader exon and the leader intron resemble introns of the coding region in base substitution rate and accumulation of gaps. But the leader intron splice junctions are not strictly conserved in position as are those of the coding region introns. Also, in base composition, the leader intron resembles the other introns, whereas the leader exon more nearly resembles the coding exons. A difference in base composition between coding exons and flanking introns is known to be important for the recognition of splice sites. Thus, the marked difference in base composition between the leader exon and leader intron is probably maintained by selection despite a high rate of sequence divergence.  (+info)

Structure and evolution of linalool synthase. (2/9)

Plant terpene synthases constitute a group of evolutionarily related enzymes. Within this group, however, enzymes that employ two different catalytic mechanisms, and their associated unique domains, are known. We investigated the structure of the gene encoding linalool synthase (LIS), an enzyme that uses geranyl pyrophosphate as a substrate and catalyzes the formation of linalool, an acyclic monoterpene found in the floral scents of many plants. Although LIS employs one catalytic mechanism (exemplified by limonene synthase [LMS]), it has sequence motifs indicative of both LMS-type synthases and the terpene synthases employing a different mechanism (exemplified by copalyl diphosphate synthase [CPS]). Here, we report that LIS genes analyzed from several species encode proteins that have overall 40%-96% identity to each other and have 11 introns in identical positions. Only the region encoding roughly the last half of the LIS gene (exons 9-12) has a gene structure similar to that of the LMS-type genes. On the other hand, in the first part of the LIS gene (exons 1-8), LIS gene structure is essentially identical to that found in the first half of the gene encoding CPS. In addition, the level of similarity in the coding information of this region between the LIS and CPS genes is also significant, whereas the second half of the LIS protein is most similar to LMS-type synthases. Thus, LIS appears to be a composite gene which might have evolved from a recombination event between two different types of terpene synthases. The combined evolutionary mechanisms of duplication followed by divergence and/or "domain swapping" may explain the extraordinarily large diversity of proteins found in the plant terpene synthase family.  (+info)

Evidence for positive selection on the floral scent gene isoeugenol-O-methyltransferase. (3/9)

Isoeugenol-O-methyltransferase (IEMT) is an enzyme involved in the production of the floral volatile compounds methyl eugenol and methyl isoeugenol in Clarkia breweri (Onagraceae). IEMT likely evolved by gene duplication from caffeic acid-O-methyltransferase followed by amino acid divergence, leading to the acquisition of its novel function. To investigate the selective context under which IEMT evolved, maximum likelihood methods that estimate variable d(N)/d(S) ratios among lineages, among sites, and among a combination of both lineages and sites were utilized. Statistically significant support was obtained for a hypothesis of positive selection driving the evolution of IEMT since its origin. Subsequent Bayesian analyses identified several sites in IEMT that have experienced positive selection. Most of these positions are in the active site of IEMT and have been shown by site-directed mutagenesis to have large effects on substrate specificity. Although the selective agent is unknown, the adaptive evolution of this gene may have resulted in increased effectiveness of pollinator attraction or herbivore repellence.  (+info)

Structural basis for substrate recognition in the salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase family. (4/9)

Recently, a novel family of methyltransferases was identified in plants. Some members of this newly discovered and recently characterized methyltransferase family catalyze the formation of small-molecule methyl esters using S-adenosyl-L-Met (SAM) as a methyl donor and carboxylic acid-bearing substrates as methyl acceptors. These enzymes include SAMT (SAM:salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase), BAMT (SAM:benzoic acid carboxyl methyltransferase), and JMT (SAM:jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase). Moreover, other members of this family of plant methyltransferases have been found to catalyze the N-methylation of caffeine precursors. The 3.0-A crystal structure of Clarkia breweri SAMT in complex with the substrate salicylic acid and the demethylated product S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine reveals a protein structure that possesses a helical active site capping domain and a unique dimerization interface. In addition, the chemical determinants responsible for the selection of salicylic acid demonstrate the structural basis for facile variations of substrate selectivity among functionally characterized plant carboxyl-directed and nitrogen-directed methyltransferases and a growing set of related proteins that have yet to be examined biochemically. Using the three-dimensional structure of SAMT as a guide, we examined the substrate specificity of SAMT by site-directed mutagenesis and activity assays against 12 carboxyl-containing small molecules. Moreover, the utility of structural information for the functional characterization of this large family of plant methyltransferases was demonstrated by the discovery of an Arabidopsis methyltransferase that is specific for the carboxyl-bearing phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid.  (+info)

Formation of monoterpenes in Antirrhinum majus and Clarkia breweri flowers involves heterodimeric geranyl diphosphate synthases. (5/9)

The precursor of all monoterpenes is the C10 acyclic intermediate geranyl diphosphate (GPP), which is formed from the C5 compounds isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate by GPP synthase (GPPS). We have discovered that Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) and Clarkia breweri, two species whose floral scent is rich in monoterpenes, both possess a heterodimeric GPPS like that previously reported from Mentha piperita (peppermint). The A. majus and C. breweri cDNAs encode proteins with 53% and 45% amino acid sequence identity, respectively, to the M. piperita GPPS small subunit (GPPS.SSU). Expression of these cDNAs in Escherichia coli yielded no detectable prenyltransferase activity. However, when each of these cDNAs was coexpressed with the M. piperita GPPS large subunit (GPPS.LSU), which shares functional motifs and a high level of amino acid sequence identity with geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthases (GGPPS), active GPPS was obtained. Using a homology-based cloning strategy, a GPPS.LSU cDNA also was isolated from A. majus. Its coexpression in E. coli with A. majus GPPS.SSU yielded a functional heterodimer that catalyzed the synthesis of GPP as a main product. The expression in E. coli of A. majus GPPS.LSU by itself yielded active GGPPS, indicating that in contrast with M. piperita GPPS.LSU, A. majus GPPS.LSU is a functional GGPPS on its own. Analyses of tissue-specific, developmental, and rhythmic changes in the mRNA and protein levels of GPPS.SSU in A. majus flowers revealed that these levels correlate closely with monoterpene emission, whereas GPPS.LSU mRNA levels did not, indicating that the levels of GPPS.SSU, but not GPPS.LSU, might play a key role in regulating the formation of GPPS and, thus, monoterpene biosynthesis.  (+info)

The multiple phenylpropene synthases in both Clarkia breweri and Petunia hybrida represent two distinct protein lineages. (6/9)

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Engineering monolignol 4-O-methyltransferases to modulate lignin biosynthesis. (7/9)

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Enhanced production of a plant monoterpene by overexpression of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase catalytic domain in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (8/9)

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Clarkia amoena (es); Clarkia amoena (fr); Lěćna acaleja (hsb); Clarkia amoena (ast); Clarkia amoena (ru); Clarkia amoena (la); Sommerazalee (de); Clarkia amoena (vi); Clarkia amoena (ga); գոդեցիա հրաշալի (hy); Clarkia amoena (bg); Clarkia amoena (pt); Clarkia amoena (ro); ゴデチア (ja); гадэцыя прывабная (be); Atlasblomma (sv); Clarkia amoena (war); Clarkia amoena (pl); Clarkia amoena (uk); Clarkia amoena (nl); Clarkia amoena (ceb); Godetia (cy); Clarkia amoena (it); Isosilkkikukka (fi); Clarkia amoena (en); وداع الربيع (ar); گل ریحانی (fa); Clarkia amoena (sq) specie di pianta (it); উদ্ভিদের প্রজাতি (bn); especie de planta (ast); espècie de planta (ca); Art der Gattung Clarkia (de); lloj i bimëve (sq); բույսերի տեսակ (hy); вид растение (bg); specie de plante (ro); especie de planta (gl); מין של צמח (he); soort uit het geslacht Clarkia (nl); вид рослин (uk); speco di ...
After getting all pumped up about this whole gallbladder liver cleanse, and reading different links to this site, I ordered the product called Clarkia in order to do a parasite purge. Then as I read further I found out that Clarkia is not made by Dr. Clark. I e-mailed Dr. Clark s associates and found this out. Although I have not received the Clarkia yet, and therefore cannot make any comments about the product itself, I am now concerned that I have been misled. Could anyone please tell me if I have been wripped off by a nock-off product that is not going to do me any good. Or is ...
Author(s): Hove, Alisa A; Mazer, Susan J; Ivey, Christopher T | Abstract: In habitats where resource availability declines during the growing season, selection may favor early-flowering individuals. Under such ephemerally favorable conditions, late-blooming species (and individuals) may be particularly vulnerable to resource limitation of seed production. In California, a region prone to seasonal drought, members of the annual genus Clarkia are among the last to flower in the spring. We compared pollen limitation (PL) of seed set and outcrossing rates between early- and late-flowering individuals in two mixed-mating Clarkia taxa to detect whether flowering time is associated with changes in seed set due to resource depletion, PL, or increased selfing. In 2008-2010, we hand-pollinated one flower on a total of 1855 individual plants either Early (near the onset of flowering) or Late (near the end of flowering) in the flowering season and compared seed set to adjacent, open-pollinated flowers on the same
option. The multiple flower stems are covered with ruffled ribbons of small blossoms, each shaped like tiny informal roses. unguiculata. Good cut flower, Good nectar source for bees, Massing in a sunny garden, Middle of the border, Suitable for soils that tend to be on the drier side. Clark of Lewis & Clark, the clarkias are some of our most beautiful natives. Published By: The University of Chicago Press, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. These fluffy 2 to 3 foot tall wands of color fill the late spring garden in pretty soft shades of coral, salmon, rose-pink, lilac and pure white. Current issues are now on the Chicago Journals website. ploid species and their putative diploid progenitors. Thin to 15-23cm (6-9″) apart. While Clarkia does best in sunny or mostly sunny locations, some light afternoon shade will be beneficial in areas with very hot summer temperatures. The cotyledon leaves are easy to identify with reddish tones to the ...
Learn how to grow clarkia (Clarkia unguiculata): sowing and germination, light and soil requirements, spacing and harvesting, from Johnnys Selected Seeds.
Native: indigenous.. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized.. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years).. Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county, only native status is shown on the map.. ...
Habit: Annual < 1.5 m. Stem: prostrate to erect, glabrous, often glaucous, or puberulent (hairs long, spreading). Leaf: pinnately veined; petiole < 4 cm or 0; blade 1--10 cm, linear to elliptic or ovate, entire or shallow-toothed, glabrous or sparsely puberulent. Inflorescence: spike, raceme; bracts leaf-like; axis in bud straight or recurved at tip, in flower +- straight; buds erect or not. Flower: hypanthium obconic to cup-shaped, or long, slender, generally with ring of hairs within; sepals 4, generally fused to tip in bud, reflexed at least at base, staying fused at least at tip, in 4s or 2s, or all coming free; corolla bowl-shaped to rotate, petals 5--60 mm, often lobed or clawed, lavender or pink to dark red, pale yellow, or white, often spotted, flecked, or streaked with red, purple, or white; stamens 8, in 2 like or unlike series, or 4, filaments cylindric to wider distally, subtended by ciliate scales or generally not, anthers attached at base, pollen white or yellow to blue-gray, ...
For vascular plants occurring in wildlands or otherwise outside of cultivation in California, the Jepson eFlora contains taxonomic treatments, distribution maps, illustrations, photographs, and identification keys.
It is most definitely not a rose. As for what it is, I suspect its Clarkia amoena, previously named Godetia. These come in various colours and bi colours, usually in the deep pink through to whitish pink range, and are annuals.. ...
105b. Abstract Ultrastructural analyses of Miocene leaf tissues from the Clarkia flora indicate the preservation of various protoplasmic features such as chloroplasts, mitochondria, and nuclei. Statistical analyses of the ultrastructural data indicate a predictable pattern of differential preservation attending the degeneration of the protoplasm. Of the 2300 randomly sampled cells form the type locality (P-33), 25% contain mitochondria, 90.1% contain chloroplasts, and 4.3% contain nuclei. Comparable analyses of tissues from site P-40 indicate that 34.6% have chloroplasts, less than 3% have mitochondria, and less than 1% have nuclei. These data are interpreted as compatible with a frequency of organelle preservation (C,,M,N) in which nuclei are preferentially destroyed during or before fossilization. Simulated fossilization involving the compression of living leaf tissues and studies of senescent and dehydrated tissues are used to evaluate the probable effects of these factors on the sequence of ...
We planted them in meter squared plots at OSUs North Willamette Research Center. Between April and October, we monitored floral visitation, sampled visiting insects using an insect vacuum, and tracked floral bloom.. With one season in the books, we have some purely anecdotal impressions of which wildflower species are the most attractive to bees. Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) and Douglas aster (Symphyotrichum subspicatum) were both highly attractive to a wide diversity of native bees, as well as to a variety of beetles, bugs, and syrphid flies. As an added bonus, both these species had long bloom durations, providing habitat and colorful displays for significant portions of the summer. Annual flowers Clarkia amoena and Gilia capitata attracted a range of native bees; Clarkia was also visited by leafcutter bees for a different purpose - cutting circular petal slices to build nest cells with.. ...
Adair , Avery , Black Bear , Black Cloud , Bradley , Bunn , Burke , Calder , Carbonate , Carbon Center , Clarkia , Delta , Dorsey , Elkhorn , Emerald Creek , Enaville , Erlmo , Ethelton , Falcon , Ferguson , Frisco , Gem , Gentry , Gibson City , Golconda , Golconda Mill , Gold Creek , Herrick , Horsecamp , Hoyt , Keeler , Kellogg-Wardner , Kingston , Kyle , Larson , Linfor , McCarthy , Mace , Marble Creek , Masonia , Morning , Mullan , Murray , Osburn , Page , Pearson , Pine Creek , Pinehurst , Pocono , Polaris , Prichard , Roland , Shont , Silver King , Silverton , Smelter Heights , Smelterville , Steamboat Rocks , Stetson , Stull , Sunnyside , Sweeney , Thiard , Wardner , Webb , Woodland Park ...
Onagraceae are a family of 17 genera in seven tribes, with the majority of species in tribes Onagreae and Epilobieae. Despite the species-richness of these two tribes, to date no phylogenetic study has been done with suf cient taxon sampling to examine relationships between and within these tribes. In this study, we used DNA sequence data from one nuclear region (ITS) and two chloroplast regions (trnL-trnF and rps16) to infer phylogenetic relationships among 93 taxa across the family, with concentrated sampling in the large tribe Onagreae. Results strongly suggest that tribeGongylocarpeae is sister to tribes Epilobieae 1 Onagreae, both of which are monophyletic. Within Onagreae, Camissonia seems to be broadly paraphyletic, and Oenothera is also paraphyletic. In Oenothera there appear to be two lineages, one of which has Gaura 1 Stenosiphon nested within it. At the base of the Onagraceae phylogeny, we have clari ed previous confusion regarding con icting placements of Hauya and Lopezia based on nuclear
For this download cyprinid fishes it Does helpful you see at least one of the including foods to be and get at novel the support in your vegan: Apple Cider Vinegar, Garlic, Baking Soda, Essiac Tea, Clarkia, and Hyperthermia. Those with question love then comforted with pcos in the single normal horn bonuses of the feature; buzz; the Eating and &. bonuses learn books or single download cyprinid fishes systematics biology weeks been by: 1) the doctor, 2) a lovely TV, 3) women, part, end, 4) superfoods, 5) vibrance pains, 6) track of light sides, 7) internal lifestyle lady pulsing a pre-diabetic of lucky epic, and 8) possible changes, people and production devastation-is.
And now I get to enjoy the gardens newly organized and well-weeded form, free of work for at least a few weeks. Certainly the fully-in-bloom Echium Blue Bedder was a hit, for humans and bees alike. In fact I think I heard one of the bees say Hey, we were here first. Scam! The gorgeous coral-pink hues of the prolific Clarkia Aurora were also a hit. The Shady Lane, as the walkway to the back yard is called, was also very much appreciated. It didnt hurt that the sweet smelling Philadelphus Belle Etoile was in bloom there ...
Gene Information This gene encodes a protein belonging to ubiE/COQ5 methyltransferase family. The gene is deleted in Williams syndrome a multisystem developmental disorder caused by the deletion of contiguous genes at 7q11.22-q11.23. [provided by RefSeq Jul 2008]. ...
Onagraceae: Evening primrose family of flowering plants, belonging to the myrtle order (Myrtales), comprising 18 genera and 655 species, and concentrated in the temperate region of the New...
Pectin lyases (PNLs) are important enzymes that are involved in plant cell wall degradation during the infection process. Colletotrichum is a diverse genus of fungi, which allows the study of the evolution of PNLs and their possible role in pathogen-host interactions and lifestyle adaptations. The phylogenetic reconstruction of PNLs from Colletotrichum and analysis of selection pressures showed the formation of protein lineages by groups of species with different selection pressures and specific patterns. The analysis of positive selection at individual sites using different methods allowed for the identification of three codons with evidence of positive selection in the oligosaccharide-binding region and two codons on the antiparallel sheet, which may influence the interaction with the substrate ...
ECHAs dossier evaluation process covers compliance checks and the examination of testing proposals. By consulting the table below, you can find out whether ECHA has started to evaluate dossiers for a particular substance and follow the progress through the evaluation process. The table below displays the type, scope and status of the assessment undertaken for a given dossier. The decision date and the non-confidential version of the decision are published shortly after the decision has been adopted. Before publishing the non-confidential version of an adopted decision on its website, ECHA consults the addressees of the decision on this version. ECHA systematically removes any personal data from the non-confidential version of a decision. Some sections may also be redacted based on justified claims by registrants, regarding information confidential or deemed to harm their commercial interest if disclosed. Check the expandable boxes below for more details. ...
Natürliche Inhaltstoffe von Lebensmitteln können ein gentoxisches Potential haben. Ein Beispiel dafür sind Phenylpropanoiden, welche als sekundäre Pflanzeninhaltsstoffe in einer Vielzahl von Gewürz- und Kräuterpflanzen vorkommen. Zu den prominenten Vertretern dieser Stoffe gehören Estragol und Methyleugenol. Beide allylische Verbindungen wirken hepatokanzerogen im Tierversuch, wobei als ultimales Kanzerogen die Bildung eines Carbeniumions infolge einer spontanen Abspaltung eines Sulfatrestes nach Hydroxylierung und anschließender Sulfonierung der Seitenkette postuliert wird. Dieses Carbeniumion ist in der Lage mit Nukleophilen wie Proteinen und DNA Addukte zu bilden. α‐ und β‐Asaron nehmen im Gesamtkontext der Phenylpropene eine Sonderstellung ein, denn im Gegensatz zu anderen 1‑propenylischen Phenylpropenen wie Anethol, Methylisoeugenol und Isosafrol sind sie wie die allylischen Verbindungen Estragol und Methyleugenol kanzerogen im Tierversuch. Zu Beginn der vorliegenden ...
Michaud, J.P., 1989: Nectar accumulation in flowers of fireweed epilobium angustifolium onagraceae in response to simulated defoliation
Shop Leucine carboxyl methyltransferase ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Leucine carboxyl methyltransferase Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
Amine Reactive PEG Derivatives and PEGylation Reagents: PEG NHS ester - N-hydroxyl succinimidyl ester (SCM, glutarate, succinate, glutaramide) PEG aldehyde - PEG propionaldehyde PEG carboxylic acid - carboxyl methyl, acetic acid, glutaric and succinic acid PEG cyanur, bromide, and chloride PEG mesylate and tosylate PEG NPC - nitrophenyl carbonate PEG epoxide - PEG glycidyl ether
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Expression of the Semliki Forest virus p62/E2 protein was studied in the polarized epithelial cell line Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK). After infection this transmembrane protein, together with the other spike subunit E1, accumulates at the basolateral surface of MDCK cells (Fuller, S. D., C.-H. von Bonsdorff, and K. Simons, 1985, EMBO (Eur. Mol. Biol. Organ.) J., 4:2475-2485). The cDNAs encoding truncated forms of the protein were used to stably transform MDCK cells to examine the role of subunit oligomerization (E1-E2) and the cytoplasmic domain of p62/E2 in directed transport to the basolateral surface. The biochemical characteristics and polarity of the expressed proteins were studied using cell monolayers grown on nitrocellulose filters. A wild-type form of p62/E2, in the absence of E1, and two forms having either 15 or 3 of the wild-type 31-amino acid carboxyl cytoplasmic domain were all localized to the basolateral surface. These results indicate that the cytoplasmic domain of E2 does ...
MicroRNAs are key regulators of angiogenesis, as illustrated by the vascular defects observed in miR-126-deficient animals. While the miR-126 duplex gives rise to two mature microRNAs (miR-126-3p and -5p), these defects were attributed to the loss of miR-126-3p while the role of miR-126-5p during normal angiogenesis in vivo remains unknown. Here, we show that miR-126-5p is expressed in endothelial but also by retinal ganglion cells (RGC) of the postnatal retina and participates in protecting endothelial cells from apoptosis during the establishment of the retinal vasculature. miR-126-5p negatively controls class-3 Semaphorin protein (Sema3A) in RGC through the repression of SetD5, an uncharacterized member of the methyltransferase family of proteins. In vitro, SetD5 controls Sema3A expression independently of its SET domain and co-immunoprecipitates with BRD2, a bromodomain protein which recruits transcription regulators onto the chromatin. Both SetD5 and BRD2 bind to the transcription start ...
Surface glandular trichomes distributed throughout the aerial parts of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) produce and store monoterpene, sesquiterpene, and phenylpropene volatiles. Three distinct basil chemotypes were used to examine the molecular mechanisms underlying the divergence in their monoterpene and sesquiterpene content. The relative levels of specific terpenes in the glandular trichomes of each cultivar were correlated with the levels of transcripts for eight genes encoding distinct terpene synthases. In a cultivar that produces mostly (R)-linalool, transcripts of (R)-linalool synthase (LIS) were the most abundant of these eight. In a cultivar that synthesizes mostly geraniol, transcripts of geraniol synthase were the most abundant, but the glands of this cultivar also contained a transcript of an (R)-LIS gene with a 1-base insertion that caused a frameshift mutation. A geraniol synthase-LIS hybrid gene was constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the protein catalyzed the ...
Complete information for LCMT1 gene (Protein Coding), Leucine Carboxyl Methyltransferase 1, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
This plant produces upright racemes of two-lipped flowers with spreading, rounded lobes in a vast arrray of warm colors. It flowers profusely summer through autumn.. ...
The invention relates to novel S-nitrosothiols derived from penicillamine or glutathione of general formula (I), wherein A and B are phenyl groups or together represent a -CH2-Q-CH2- radical forming a six-membered ring in which Q represents an oxygen or sulfur atom or an N-R 3 radical , wherein R3 is hydrogen or an C1-C4 alkyl group; R1 is an acyl radical which may be a C1 -C5 aliphatic acyl radical or a glutamic acid radical bonded by its non-amino acid carboxyl ; R2 is a hydroxyl group or a glycine radical bonded by peptidic linkage in such a way that R2 is an hydroxyl group when R1 is an aliphatic acyl radical and R2 is a glycine radical when R1 is a glutamic acid radical . Said novel compounds exhibit vasodilating and blood platelet aggregation inhibiting activity and are useful in the treatment of circulatory system dysfunctions, especially cardiovascular dysfunctions ...
Rats In this study (design comparable to OECD Guideline 451 without clinical pathology), groups of 50 male and 50 female F344/N rats were exposed by whole body inhalation to alpha-methylstyrene at concentrations of 0, 100, 300 or 1000 ppm for 6 hrs per day and 5 days per week (except holidays) for 105 weeks. Survival rates of exposed male and female rats were similar to those of the chamber controls. The mean body weights of 1000 ppm males and females were less than those of the chamber control groups during year 2 of the study. Two 1000 ppm males and one 300 ppm male had renal tubule carcinomas, and one 300 ppm male had a renal tubule adenoma. Because of the neoplasms observed in ,= 300 ppm males at the end of the study and the finding of alpha2u-globulin accumulation in the kidneys at 3 months, which is often associated with kidney neoplasms, additional step sections of kidney were prepared; additional males with focal hyperplasia or adenoma were identified. The incidences of renal tubule ...
Circaea lutetiana aka Circaea quadrisulcata Onagraceae Standing one to three feet tall, this woodland forb has tiny, white, two-petaled flowers. The petals are so deeply cleft that youd think there are four. Enchanters nightshades native range is from the Great Plains east to the Atlantic, north into Canada, and all the way south (except Florida).…
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
A controlled, replicated field study carried out in 1985 in Jiangxi Agricultural University, China (Xiao-Shui 1990) found the flea beetle Altica cyanea caused heavy feeding destruction to the prostrate water primrose Ludwigia prostrata and was specific to the prostrate water primrose and Indian toothcup Rotala indica. In field cage experiments, flea beetles decimated prostrate water primrose plants within a month. Wooden frame field cages were covered with nylon mesh on the sides and a mesh window on the top. One hundred prostrate water primrose seedlings were planted per cage. Flea beetle adults were collected from the field and zero, two, four, and eight pairs of them were released at random into each cage when young caged plants had at least nine leaves. There were three replicates of each population size on the plants. Observations were made at 10 day intervals. To test food specificity, laboratory-based larval starvation tests were carried out on 24 different plant species at temperatures ...
[137 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2014-2029 Report on Global Linalool Market by Player, Region, Type, Application and Sales Channel report by MAResearch. The global Linalool market was valued at $XX million in...
Clarkia; built by Harland & Wolff, laid down 30 October 1939, launched 7 March 1940 and completed 22 April 1940. Clover; built ...
HMS Clarkia, Flower-class corvette for British Admiralty, launched 7 March 1940, completed 22 April 1940, scrapped 1947. HMS ... "HMS Clarkia". The Yard. Retrieved 27 February 2017. "Lavington Court". The Yard. Retrieved 27 February 2017. "Debrett". The ...
Clark, IA; Hunt, NH (1983). "Evidence for reactive oxygen intermediates causing hemolysis and parasite death in malaria". ...
Lewis, Harlan; Lewis, Margaret Ensign (1955). "The Genus Clarkia". Univ. Calif. Pub. Bot. 20 (4): 241-392. Roberts, Margaret R ... doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.1955.tb01554.x. Lewis, Harlan; Roberts, Margaret R. (1956). "The Origin of Clarkia lingulata". ... Lewis, Harlan; Lewis, Margaret (1953). "New Species and Changes in Nomenclature in the Genus Clarkia (Onagraceae)". Madroño. 12 ... Lewis, Harlan (1955). "Subspeciation in Clarkia biloba". Evolution. 9 (4): 445-454. ...
... using examples from Clarkia, he asserted that several species of Clarkia often occur sympatrically, yet hybrids are very rare ... In the early 1950s, in the course of revising the genus Clarkia Harlan Lewis and his wife Margaret Lewis discovered the ... Additionally, they hypothesized that this rapid mode of speciation seen in Clarkia was analogous to a mode of speciation known ... They concluded that C. franciscana had evolved from Clarkia rubicunda; and they asserted that C. franciscana's origin mirrored ...
Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... Clark IA, Virelizier JL, Carswell EA, Wood PR (June 1981). "Possible importance of macrophage-derived mediators in acute ... Clark IA (July 1982). "Suggested importance of monokines in pathophysiology of endotoxin shock and malaria". Klin. Wochenschr. ...
In Clarkia, we have not observed marked changes in physiology and pattern of development that could be described as ... Lewis and Raven postulated that species in the Genus Clarkia had a mode of speciation that resulted ...as a consequence of a ... A similar mode of origin by rapid reorganization of the chromosomes is suggested for the derivation of other species of Clarkia ... The repeated occurrence of the same pattern of differentiation in Clarkia suggests that a rapid reorganization of chromosomes ...
"Linalool synthase - Clarkia concinna (Red ribbons)". Uniprot.org. Retrieved 2012-08-02. Kawaide H, Imai R, Sassa T, Kamiya Y ( ...
Clarkia, Vicia, Cirsium and Stachys species. The larvae feed on Clarkia unguiculata. Boisduval, J.-A. (25 February 1852). " ...
The youngest and easternmost of the known occurrences is near Clarkia, Idaho, where sediments of the Langhian age Lake Clarkia ... from the Miocene of Clarkia, Idaho, USA". Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 145 (3-4): 193-200. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo. ... Smiley for his extensive efforts studying the Clarkia sites and their flora. Leaves of Acer smileyi are simple in structure, ... to the leaf specimens a series of paratype specimens were described for the associated samaras recovered at the Clarkia site ...
Rare wildflowers include Kern Canyon clarkia (Clarkia xantiana ssp. parviflora) and goosefoot yellow violet (Viola pinetorum ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
Travers, S. E. & S. J. Mazer (2000). "The absence of cryptic self-incompatibility in Clarkia unguiculata (Onagraceae)". ...
It also feeds on snapdragons, Clarkia, poppies, and wild buckwheats. Milkweed is a favorite nectar source of Crotch's bumblebee ...
Clarkia has a number of polyploid species, and one, Clarkia tenella, is a tetraploid located in Chile and Argentina; it is the ... They hypothesized that Clarkia tenella and Clarkia davyi arose in from a common allotetraploid ancestor in North America and ... While there he worked on the cytogenetics of Clarkia, and published on chromosomal counts in Clarkia in their Annual Report. It ... Another paper was a taxonomic study that changed some of the nomenclature in Clarkia, combining species of Clarkia with Godetia ...
Bowman, Robert N. (1987). "Cryptic Self-Incompatibility and the Breeding System of Clarkia unguiculata (Onagraceae)". American ...
Ford, Brian J. (1992). "Brownian movement in Clarkia pollen: A reprise of the first observations". The Microscope. 40 (4): 235- ...
Saltational speciation has been recognized in the genus Clarkia (Lewis, 1966). It has been suggested (Carr, 1980, 2000) that ...
Common understory plant associates are Calochortus luteus, Clarkia unguiculata and Delphinium variegatum.[citation needed] ...
Studies of genetic variation in an introgressive complex in Clarkia (Onagraceae). Editor University of Kansas, Botany, 596 pp. ...
Clarkia elegans (Farewell to Spring). Adults[5][edit]. *Columbines. *Larkspurs. *Petunia. *Honeysuckle ...
The larvae feed on Camissonia bistorta, Camissonia californica, Camissonia dentata and Clarkia rhomboidea. Anweiler, G. G. ( ...
TAYLOR, D. W., 1985b, Miocene freshwater mollusks from the Clarkia fossil site, Idaho. Pp. 73-74, in: C. J. SMILEY, ed., Late ... 265-321, in: C. J. SMILEY, ed., Late Cenozoic history of the Pacific Northwest: Interdisciplinary Studies on the Clarkia Fossil ... Cenozoic history of the Pacific Northwest: Interdisciplinary Studies on the Clarkia Fossil Beds of Northern Idaho. American ...
Wildflowers include clarkia, Indian paintbrush, sego lily, elephanthead, larkspur, shooting star, and bluebell. Rocky bluffs in ...
The corvette HMS Clarkia rescued five crew and landed them at Londonderry Port (Derry). Those lost on Empire Citizen are ...
It consisted of 14 merchant ships, escorted by the Flower-class corvette HMS Clarkia. Convoy Commodore was Capt. RP Galer, in ...
The larvae have been recorded feeding on Clarkia bottae[citation needed] and Clarkia unguiculata. Grote, A. R.; Robinson, C. T ...
Crocus flavus Delphinum grandiflorum Physochlaina orientalis Clarkia pulchella Anemone palmata Campanula pulla "Margaret Roscoe ...
It occurs at elevation ranges between 700 - 2900 m. Cryptantha species occur with other genera such as Clarkia, Hesperolinon, ...
Pollinator behavior and postpollination reproductive success in alternative floral phenotypes of Clarkia gracilis (Onagraceae ...
Clarkia amoena (es); Clarkia amoena (fr); Lěćna acaleja (hsb); Clarkia amoena (ast); Clarkia amoena (ru); Clarkia amoena (la); ... Clarkia amoena (war); Clarkia amoena (pl); Clarkia amoena (uk); Clarkia amoena (nl); Clarkia amoena (ceb); Godetia (cy); ... Clarkia amoena (ga); գոդեցիա հրաշալի (hy); Clarkia amoena (bg); Clarkia amoena (pt); Clarkia amoena (ro); ゴデチア (ja); гадэцыя ... Clarkia amoena (it); Isosilkkikukka (fi); Clarkia amoena (en); وداع الربيع (ar); گل ریحانی (fa); Clarkia amoena (sq) specie di ...
Clarkia biloba and C. lingulata, are both native to California. C. lingulata is known only from two sites in the central Sierra ... Other articles where Clarkia biloba is discussed: evolution: Quantum speciation: Two closely related species, ... Two closely related species, Clarkia biloba and C. lingulata, are both native to California. C. lingulata is known only from ...
... © 2001 George W. Hartwell. Clarkia unguiculata. © 2001 George W. Hartwell. Clarkia unguiculata. © 2010 ... Clarkia unguiculata. © 2011 Neal Kramer. Clarkia unguiculata. © 2013 Barry Breckling. Clarkia unguiculata. © 1999 California ... Next taxon: Clarkia virgata. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: Harlan Lewis 2012, Clarkia unguiculata, ... More photos of Clarkia unguiculata in CalPhotos. Geographic subdivisions for Clarkia unguiculata: NCoR, s CaRF, SN, ScV (Sutter ...
... subsp. lindleyi. © 2008 Vernon Smith. Clarkia amoena subsp. huntiana. © 2011 Vernon Smith. Clarkia amoena. © ... Clarkia amoena. © 2011 Barry Breckling. Clarkia amoena subsp. amoena. © 2012 Vernon Smith. Clarkia amoena. © 1998 Gary A. ... Previous taxon: Clarkia affinis. Next taxon: Clarkia amoena subsp. amoena. Name Search ... Genus: Clarkia. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Habit: Annual < 1.5 m. Stem: prostrate to erect, glabrous, often glaucous, ...
Clarkia lewisii (Lewis clarkia) is a herb species of plants in the family Onagraceae, with a self-supporting growth habit. It ...
Find local weather forecasts for Clarkia, United States throughout the world ...
Clarkia cylindrica (Jeps.) F.H. Lewis & M.E. Lewis Show All. Show Tabs. speckled clarkia ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Clarkia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Clarkia cylindrica . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ... Clarkia cylindrica ssp. clavicarpa speckled clarkia Clarkia cylindrica ssp. cylindrica speckled clarkia ...
Clarkia rhomboidea is a herbaceous species of plant in the family Onagraceae, with a self-supporting growth habit. It is a ...
Clarkia imbricata F.H. Lewis & M.E. Lewis Show All. Show Tabs. Vine Hill clarkia ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Clarkia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... Clarkia Pursh - clarkia Species. Clarkia imbricata F.H. Lewis & M.E. Lewis - Vine Hill clarkia ...
Clarkia unguiculata. Days To Maturity. About Quick Fact Days To Maturity. Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, ... www.johnnyseeds.com/flowers/clarkia/elegant-salmon-clarkia-seed-4022.11.html Size ... Native to the Western U.S. Also known as elegant Clarkia and mountain garland. Ht. 34-40. Avg. 90,600 seeds/oz. Packet: 100 ...
Clarkia unguiculata): sowing and germination, light and soil requirements, spacing and harvesting, from Johnnys Selected Seeds ...
Francis King, one of the founders of the Garden Club of America regarded Clarkias and Godetias as a graceful and remarkably ...
Deerhorn Clarkia - 1 LB. Wildflower Seed / Clarkia pulchella $71.40 WFA-2505-02 Deerhorn Clarkia - 2 LB. Wildflower Seed / ... Deerhorn Clarkia - 5 LB. Wildflower Seed / Clarkia pulchella $315.00 READ MORE ABOUT ... DEERHORN CLARKIA. Clarkia pulchella. Description: annual, to 20 inches tall, flowers are usually pink in the wild but the ... Deerhorn, Clarkia. Engelmann, Daisy. Five ...
Clarkia biloba (Durand) Nelson & J.F. Macbr. ssp. australis H.F. & M.E. Lewis Mariposa clarkia ... Clarkia biloba ssp. australis, a dicot, is an annual herb that is native to California and is endemic (limited) to California. ...
Clarkia arcuata Clarkia australis Clarkia biloba Clarkia borealis Clarkia bottae Clarkia breweri Clarkia concinna Clarkia ... cylindrica Clarkia davyi Clarkia delicata Clarkia dudleyana Clarkia epilobioides Clarkia exilis Clarkia franciscana Clarkia ... gracilis Clarkia heterandra Clarkia imbricata Clarkia jolonensis Clarkia lassenensis Clarkia lewisii Clarkia lingulata Clarkia ... mildrediae Clarkia modesta Clarkia mosquinii Clarkia prostrata Clarkia pulchella Clarkia purpurea Clarkia rhomboidea Clarkia ...
Jepson Manual Profile: Clarkia cylindrica Clarkia cylindrica - U.C. Photo gallery v t e. ... Clarkia cylindrica is an annual herb producing an erect stem to around 0.5 metres (1.6 ft) in maximum height. Leaves are mainly ... Clarkia cylindrica is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name speckled fairyfan, ... or speckled clarkia. It is endemic to California, where it grows in the chaparral, oak woodlands, and grasslands of the ...
Clarkia amoena] Mixed shades of pinks and whites grace these frilly, cup-shaped flowers. Blooms from late spring into summer, ... Planting Guide and Seed Saving Notes for Clarkia Clarkia (Clarkia amoena) Mixed shades of pinks and whites grace these frilly, ... How to Save Clarkia Seeds:. Clarkia seed matures late summer-fall. Seed is ready to harvest when brown and dry. Store seeds in ... How To Grow Clarkia from Seed. Bed Preparation:. Clarkia Godetia Dwarf is an annual that prefers well-drained soil with ...
I ordered the product called Clarkia in order to do a parasite purge. Then as I read further I found out that Clarkia is not ... Although I have not received the Clarkia yet, and therefore cannot make any comments about the product itself, I am now ... Re: Clarkia product vs. Dr. Clark... UserX 16years 6,395 R Educational Hulda Clark Cleanses. Parasite Cleanse, Kidney Cleanse ... Clarkia product vs. Dr. Clarks pr... Angelique 16years 6,411 Hulda Clark Cleanses. Parasite Cleanse, Kidney Cleanse, Liver ...
Seed set in Clarkia unguiculata was not pollen-limited. Clarkia xantiana ssp. xantiana was pollen-limited in 2008 and 2010, but ... In California, a region prone to seasonal drought, members of the annual genus Clarkia are among the last to flower in the ... and late-flowering individuals in two mixed-mating Clarkia taxa to detect whether flowering time is associated with changes in ... Seed set in Clarkia unguiculata was not pollen-limited. Clarkia xantiana ssp. xantiana was pollen-limited in 2008 and 2010, but ...
Clarkia concinna © 2008 Martha J. Groom. All Rights Reserved. Site Design by Hit Those Keys. ...
Clarkia pulchella:. petals 15-30 mm long, the blade 3-lobed, and leaf blades linear to narrow-lanceolate (vs. C. rhomboidea, ... Common clarkia is native to the western United States, where it inhabits forests and woodlands. It is not typically encountered ...
Indigenous Californians sowed Clarkia species and gathered the seeds to grind for food. ... Retrieved from "http://wikis.evergreen.edu/pugetprairieplants/index.php?title=Clarkia_amoena&oldid=2994" ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
HMS Clarkia, Flower-class corvette for British Admiralty, launched 7 March 1940, completed 22 April 1940, scrapped 1947. HMS ... "HMS Clarkia". The Yard. Retrieved 27 February 2017. "Lavington Court". The Yard. Retrieved 27 February 2017. "Debrett". The ...
Clarkia Seeds Sought. Bill McMillan of Nanaimo, B.C., is conducting research on Clarkia amoena (all varieties), and would like ...
Clarkia District Library. 377 Poplar St. Clarkia, ID 83812. Phone: (208) 245-2908 ... Adair , Avery , Black Bear , Black Cloud , Bradley , Bunn , Burke , Calder , Carbonate , Carbon Center , Clarkia , Delta , ...
Clarkia District Library. 377 Poplar St. Clarkia, ID 83812. Phone: (208) 245-2908 ... Adair , Avery , Black Bear , Black Cloud , Bradley , Bunn , Burke , Calder , Carbonate , Carbon Center , Clarkia , Delta , ... Adair , Avery , Black Bear , Black Cloud , Bradley , Bunn , Burke , Calder , Carbonate , Carbon Center , Clarkia , Delta , ...
clarkia gypsophilla snapdragon columbine heather snowdrop coreopsis laceflower statice cornflower lilac, forced stephanotis ...
... clarkia, souvlakia •rudbeckia •fakir, Wallachia •Ischia •Antalya, espalier, pallia, rallier •shilly-shallyer • Somalia • ...
Clark IA (1991) Infect Immun 59:3280-3283.. OpenUrlAbstract/FREE Full Text ...
  • Some species are popular garden plants, for example the mountain garland, Clarkia unguiculata, the redspot clarkia, Clarkia speciosa, Farewell to Spring, Clarkia amoena and Clarkia bottae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation for this treatment: Harlan Lewis 2012, Clarkia unguiculata , in Jepson Flora Project (eds. (berkeley.edu)
  • Seed set in Clarkia unguiculata was not pollen-limited. (escholarship.org)
  • Differential siring success of Pgi genotypes in Clarkia Unguiculata (Onagraceae). (nih.gov)
  • Several members of the genus are sometimes referred to by the common name "godetia", including Clarkia amoena, Clarkia affinis, and Clarkia lassenensis (the Lassen godetia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Clarkia amoena, 'farewell to spring' I think. (wikimedia.org)
  • Clarkia is a genus within the flowering plant family Onagraceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is because they were formerly classified in a genus called Godetia, which is no longer recognised since its members have been absorbed into the genus Clarkia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In California, a region prone to seasonal drought, members of the annual genus Clarkia are among the last to flower in the spring. (escholarship.org)
  • The mechanism of evolution in the genus Clarkia. (springer.com)
  • Clarkia lewisii (Lewis' clarkia) is a herb species of plants in the family Onagraceae , with a self-supporting growth habit. (eol.org)
  • Clarkia rhomboidea is a herbaceous species of plant in the family Onagraceae , with a self-supporting growth habit. (eol.org)
  • Previous research on the genetic and biochemical pathways involved in the biosynthesis of floral scent compounds and the evolution of floral scent has focused largely on Clarkia breweri and Antirrhinum majus . (plantcell.org)
  • Clarkia rhomboidea Douglas ex Hook. (eol.org)
  • calochortus canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis) chicalote (Argemone munita) coulter pine (Pinus coulteri) deerweed (Acmispon glaber) diamond-petalled clarkia (Clarkia rhomboidea) fremont's bush mallow (Malacothamnus fremontii) (sp. (calflora.net)
  • We compared pollen limitation (PL) of seed set and outcrossing rates between early- and late-flowering individuals in two mixed-mating Clarkia taxa to detect whether flowering time is associated with changes in seed set due to resource depletion, PL, or increased selfing. (escholarship.org)
  • Clarkia 'Godetia Dwarf' is an annual that prefers well-drained soil with moderate moisture. (sowtrueseed.com)
  • Two closely related species, Clarkia biloba and C. lingulata , are both native to California. (britannica.com)
  • Calflora: Clarkia biloba ssp. (calflora.org)
  • Clarkia biloba (Durand) Nelson & J.F. Macbr. (calflora.org)
  • Clarkia cylindrica is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name speckled fairyfan, or speckled clarkia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clarkia cylindrica is an annual herb producing an erect stem to around 0.5 metres (1.6 ft) in maximum height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clarkia cylindrica (Jeps. (usda.gov)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Clarkia cylindrica . (usda.gov)
  • Genetic confirmation of the origin of Clarkia lingulata. (nii.ac.jp)
  • There are several different kinds of lupine ( Lupinus ) , gilia ( Gilia ) , blue flax ( Linum lewisii ) , clarkia ( Clarkia ) , phacelia ( Phacelia ) , monkey flower ( Mimulus ) , and others. (cnps.org)
  • Population structure of morphological traits in Clarkia dudleyana. (nih.gov)
  • almost all are native to western North America, though one species (Clarkia tenella) is native to South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigenous Californians sowed Clarkia species and gathered the seeds to grind for food. (evergreen.edu)
  • En 1968, o Dr. Gale A Granger da Universidade de California, Irvine , informou do descubrimento dun factor citotóxico producido polos linfocitos e denominouno linfotoxina (LT). [ 7 ] O mérito deste descubrimento compartiuno coa Dra. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clarkia was also visited by leafcutter bees for a different purpose - cutting circular petal slices to build nest cells with. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Clarkia species play important roles in their local ecosystems, as they provide habitat for native pollinators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native to the Western U.S. Also known as elegant Clarkia and mountain garland. (johnnyseeds.com)
  • Common clarkia is native to the western United States, where it inhabits forests and woodlands. (nativeplanttrust.org)
  • Clarkias are typically annual herbs, growing either prostrate or erect to a height of less than 2 metres. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seed set variation in wild Clarkia populations: teasing apart the effects of seasonal resource depletion, pollen quality, and pollen quantity. (escholarship.org)
  • Variation and evolution in South American Clarkia. (springer.com)
  • This list of places in Shoshone County, Idaho was compiled from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Lists_of_places_in_Idaho Lists of Places in Idaho] in Wikipedia and from the map of Shoshone County in [http://maps.live.com/ Virtual Earth]. (familysearch.org)
  • After getting all pumped up about this whole gallbladder liver cleanse, and reading different links to this site, I ordered the product called Clarkia in order to do a parasite purge. (curezone.org)
  • Then as I read further I found out that " Clarkia " is not made by Dr. Clark. (curezone.org)
  • My friend Lillian suggest use of Clarkia , because she knows many who used it with success. (curezone.org)