A plant genus, of the family ONAGRACEAE, which is the subject of genetic studies. The floral aroma is attributed to benzenoid esters and benzyl acetate.
The evening primrose plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Flower parts are mostly in fours and the ovary is inferior.
A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.
An aldose-ketose isomerase that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate. In prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms it plays an essential role in glycolytic and gluconeogenic pathways. In mammalian systems the enzyme is found in the cytoplasm and as a secreted protein. This secreted form of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase has been referred to as autocrine motility factor or neuroleukin, and acts as a cytokine which binds to the AUTOCRINE MOTILITY FACTOR RECEPTOR. Deficiency of the enzyme in humans is an autosomal recessive trait, which results in CONGENITAL NONSPHEROCYTIC HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of methoxybenzene and contain the general formula R-C7H7O.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.

The 5' leader of plant PgiC has an intron: the leader shows both the loss and maintenance of constraints compared with introns and exons in the coding region. (1/9)

PgiC, a complex gene with 23 coding exons and 22 intervening introns, encodes the cytosolic isozyme of phosphoglucose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.9) in higher plants. Here, we report RNA ligase-mediated rapid amplification of cDNA ends experiments that showed that PgiC in Clarkia (Onagraceae) and Arabidopsis thaliana has an intron in the 5' leader. Comparison of the EMBL accessions of the cDNA and genomic sequences showed that this is also the case in rice (Oryza sativa), suggesting that a leader intron is generally present in higher plant PgiC. The intron is bounded by consensus 5'-GT and AG-3' splice sites but showed alternative splicing in Clarkia, resulting in mature transcripts that differ by 8-19 nt in length. The intron is located 18 or 10 nt upstream of the start codon in Clarkia, 2 nt upstream in Arabidopsis, and 9 nt in rice. PgiC in Clarkia was duplicated before the divergence of the extant species, many of which have two expressed genes PgiC1 and PgiC2. Full-length transcripts of both genes identified the transcription start and made it possible to identify the leader intron and leader exon (between the transcription start and leader intron) from previously obtained genomic sequences of both genes in other Clarkia species. These data permit the comparison of evolution in the leader exon and intron with the exons and introns of the coding region, a topic that has not been studied previously. Both the leader exon and the leader intron resemble introns of the coding region in base substitution rate and accumulation of gaps. But the leader intron splice junctions are not strictly conserved in position as are those of the coding region introns. Also, in base composition, the leader intron resembles the other introns, whereas the leader exon more nearly resembles the coding exons. A difference in base composition between coding exons and flanking introns is known to be important for the recognition of splice sites. Thus, the marked difference in base composition between the leader exon and leader intron is probably maintained by selection despite a high rate of sequence divergence.  (+info)

Structure and evolution of linalool synthase. (2/9)

Plant terpene synthases constitute a group of evolutionarily related enzymes. Within this group, however, enzymes that employ two different catalytic mechanisms, and their associated unique domains, are known. We investigated the structure of the gene encoding linalool synthase (LIS), an enzyme that uses geranyl pyrophosphate as a substrate and catalyzes the formation of linalool, an acyclic monoterpene found in the floral scents of many plants. Although LIS employs one catalytic mechanism (exemplified by limonene synthase [LMS]), it has sequence motifs indicative of both LMS-type synthases and the terpene synthases employing a different mechanism (exemplified by copalyl diphosphate synthase [CPS]). Here, we report that LIS genes analyzed from several species encode proteins that have overall 40%-96% identity to each other and have 11 introns in identical positions. Only the region encoding roughly the last half of the LIS gene (exons 9-12) has a gene structure similar to that of the LMS-type genes. On the other hand, in the first part of the LIS gene (exons 1-8), LIS gene structure is essentially identical to that found in the first half of the gene encoding CPS. In addition, the level of similarity in the coding information of this region between the LIS and CPS genes is also significant, whereas the second half of the LIS protein is most similar to LMS-type synthases. Thus, LIS appears to be a composite gene which might have evolved from a recombination event between two different types of terpene synthases. The combined evolutionary mechanisms of duplication followed by divergence and/or "domain swapping" may explain the extraordinarily large diversity of proteins found in the plant terpene synthase family.  (+info)

Evidence for positive selection on the floral scent gene isoeugenol-O-methyltransferase. (3/9)

Isoeugenol-O-methyltransferase (IEMT) is an enzyme involved in the production of the floral volatile compounds methyl eugenol and methyl isoeugenol in Clarkia breweri (Onagraceae). IEMT likely evolved by gene duplication from caffeic acid-O-methyltransferase followed by amino acid divergence, leading to the acquisition of its novel function. To investigate the selective context under which IEMT evolved, maximum likelihood methods that estimate variable d(N)/d(S) ratios among lineages, among sites, and among a combination of both lineages and sites were utilized. Statistically significant support was obtained for a hypothesis of positive selection driving the evolution of IEMT since its origin. Subsequent Bayesian analyses identified several sites in IEMT that have experienced positive selection. Most of these positions are in the active site of IEMT and have been shown by site-directed mutagenesis to have large effects on substrate specificity. Although the selective agent is unknown, the adaptive evolution of this gene may have resulted in increased effectiveness of pollinator attraction or herbivore repellence.  (+info)

Structural basis for substrate recognition in the salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase family. (4/9)

Recently, a novel family of methyltransferases was identified in plants. Some members of this newly discovered and recently characterized methyltransferase family catalyze the formation of small-molecule methyl esters using S-adenosyl-L-Met (SAM) as a methyl donor and carboxylic acid-bearing substrates as methyl acceptors. These enzymes include SAMT (SAM:salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase), BAMT (SAM:benzoic acid carboxyl methyltransferase), and JMT (SAM:jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase). Moreover, other members of this family of plant methyltransferases have been found to catalyze the N-methylation of caffeine precursors. The 3.0-A crystal structure of Clarkia breweri SAMT in complex with the substrate salicylic acid and the demethylated product S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine reveals a protein structure that possesses a helical active site capping domain and a unique dimerization interface. In addition, the chemical determinants responsible for the selection of salicylic acid demonstrate the structural basis for facile variations of substrate selectivity among functionally characterized plant carboxyl-directed and nitrogen-directed methyltransferases and a growing set of related proteins that have yet to be examined biochemically. Using the three-dimensional structure of SAMT as a guide, we examined the substrate specificity of SAMT by site-directed mutagenesis and activity assays against 12 carboxyl-containing small molecules. Moreover, the utility of structural information for the functional characterization of this large family of plant methyltransferases was demonstrated by the discovery of an Arabidopsis methyltransferase that is specific for the carboxyl-bearing phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid.  (+info)

Formation of monoterpenes in Antirrhinum majus and Clarkia breweri flowers involves heterodimeric geranyl diphosphate synthases. (5/9)

The precursor of all monoterpenes is the C10 acyclic intermediate geranyl diphosphate (GPP), which is formed from the C5 compounds isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate by GPP synthase (GPPS). We have discovered that Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) and Clarkia breweri, two species whose floral scent is rich in monoterpenes, both possess a heterodimeric GPPS like that previously reported from Mentha piperita (peppermint). The A. majus and C. breweri cDNAs encode proteins with 53% and 45% amino acid sequence identity, respectively, to the M. piperita GPPS small subunit (GPPS.SSU). Expression of these cDNAs in Escherichia coli yielded no detectable prenyltransferase activity. However, when each of these cDNAs was coexpressed with the M. piperita GPPS large subunit (GPPS.LSU), which shares functional motifs and a high level of amino acid sequence identity with geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthases (GGPPS), active GPPS was obtained. Using a homology-based cloning strategy, a GPPS.LSU cDNA also was isolated from A. majus. Its coexpression in E. coli with A. majus GPPS.SSU yielded a functional heterodimer that catalyzed the synthesis of GPP as a main product. The expression in E. coli of A. majus GPPS.LSU by itself yielded active GGPPS, indicating that in contrast with M. piperita GPPS.LSU, A. majus GPPS.LSU is a functional GGPPS on its own. Analyses of tissue-specific, developmental, and rhythmic changes in the mRNA and protein levels of GPPS.SSU in A. majus flowers revealed that these levels correlate closely with monoterpene emission, whereas GPPS.LSU mRNA levels did not, indicating that the levels of GPPS.SSU, but not GPPS.LSU, might play a key role in regulating the formation of GPPS and, thus, monoterpene biosynthesis.  (+info)

The multiple phenylpropene synthases in both Clarkia breweri and Petunia hybrida represent two distinct protein lineages. (6/9)

 (+info)

Engineering monolignol 4-O-methyltransferases to modulate lignin biosynthesis. (7/9)

 (+info)

Enhanced production of a plant monoterpene by overexpression of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase catalytic domain in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (8/9)

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'Clarkia' is a term that refers to a genus of annual or perennial plants belonging to the family Onagraceae. These plants are native to western North America and are commonly known as "godetias" or "farewell-to-springs." The name 'Clarkia' honors Captain William Clark, who explored the western United States with Meriwether Lewis in the early 19th century.

There is no specific medical definition associated with 'Clarkia.' While some species of 'Clarkia' have been used traditionally by indigenous peoples for medicinal purposes, there is limited scientific evidence to support their effectiveness or safety. Therefore, it is not commonly recognized as a term with a medical definition in the same way that other plant names, such as 'Digitalis' (foxglove) or 'Salix alba' (white willow), might be.

Onagraceae is a scientific name for a family of flowering plants, also known as the evening primrose family. It consists of around 650 species, distributed across 21 genera. The plants in this family are characterized by their four-petaled flowers and simple or compound leaves. They can be annuals, biennials, or perennials, and can be found in a variety of habitats worldwide, with the majority of the species native to North and South America.

Some common examples of plants in this family include the evening primrose (Oenothera biennis), the sun drop (Oenothera fruticosa), and the fireweed (Chamaenerion angustifolium). The seeds, leaves, and roots of some Onagraceae species are used in traditional medicine, and some have been found to contain compounds with potential medicinal properties. However, it is important to note that the use of these plants for medicinal purposes should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as they can also contain potentially toxic compounds.

Eugenol is defined in medical terms as a phenolic compound that is the main active component of oil of cloves, which is derived from the clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum). It has been used in dentistry for its analgesic and antibacterial properties. In addition, eugenol is used in perfumes, flavorings, and as a local antiseptic and anesthetic in medical applications. It's also used in some mouthwashes and toothpastes. However, it can cause allergic reactions in some people, so its use should be monitored carefully.

Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) is an enzyme involved in the glycolytic and gluconeogenesis pathways. It catalyzes the interconversion of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) and fructose-6-phosphate (F6P), which are key metabolic intermediates in these pathways. This reaction is a reversible step that helps maintain the balance between the breakdown and synthesis of glucose in the cell.

In glycolysis, GPI converts G6P to F6P, which subsequently gets converted to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (F1,6BP) by the enzyme phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1). In gluconeogenesis, the reaction is reversed, and F6P is converted back to G6P.

Deficiency or dysfunction of Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase can lead to various metabolic disorders, such as glycogen storage diseases and hereditary motor neuropathies.

Anisoles are organic compounds that consist of a phenyl ring (a benzene ring with a hydroxyl group replaced by a hydrogen atom) attached to a methoxy group (-O-CH3). The molecular formula for anisole is C6H5OCH3. Anisoles are aromatic ethers and can be found in various natural sources, including anise plants and some essential oils. They have a wide range of applications, including as solvents, flavoring agents, and intermediates in the synthesis of other chemicals.

I apologize for any confusion, but "plants" is not a term that has a medical definition. The term "plants" refers to a large and diverse group of organisms that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, which is the process of converting sunlight into chemical energy. Plants are typically characterized by having cells with cell walls containing cellulose, chloroplasts containing the pigment chlorophyll, and the ability to synthesize their own food through photosynthesis.

In a medical or biological context, you might be thinking of "plant-based" or "phytomedicine," which refer to the use of plants or plant extracts as a form of medicine or treatment. Phytomedicines have been used for thousands of years in many traditional systems of medicine, and some plant-derived compounds have been found to have therapeutic benefits in modern medicine as well. However, "plants" itself does not have a medical definition.

... the redspot clarkia, Clarkia speciosa, Farewell to Spring, Clarkia amoena and Clarkia bottae. There are cultivated varieties of ... Data related to Clarkia at Wikispecies Media related to Category: Clarkia at Wikimedia Commons Jepson Manual treatment of the ... Clarkia is a genus within the flowering plant family Onagraceae. Over 40 species are currently classified in Clarkia; almost ... Some pollinators even rely on Clarkia exclusively, such as the "Clarkia bee". They are also used as host plants by some species ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clarkia cylindrica. Jepson Manual Profile: Clarkia cylindrica Clarkia cylindrica - U.C. ... Clarkia cylindrica is an annual herb producing an erect stem to around 0.5 metres (1.6 ft) in maximum height. Leaves are mainly ... Clarkia cylindrica is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name speckled fairyfan, ... or speckled clarkia. It is endemic to California, where it grows in the chaparral, oak woodlands, and grasslands of the ...
... is a species of wildflower known by the common names winecup clarkia, winecup fairyfan, and purple clarkia. ... Jepson Manual Profile: Clarkia purpurea Clarkia purpurea - U.C. Photo gallery Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clarkia ... Winecup clarkia) . accessed 2.2.2013 Calflora database: Clarkia purpurea ssp. purpurea Calflora database: Clarkia purpurea ssp ... purpurea Clarkia purpurea ssp. quadrivulnera Clarkia purpurea ssp. viminea The Indigenous peoples of California sowed the plant ...
Jepson Manual Profile of Clarkia exilis UC Photos gallery - Clarkia exilis Wikispecies has information related to Clarkia ... It is an uncommon species in the evening primrose family known by the common names Kern River clarkia and slender clarkia. ... Clarkia exilis is an annual herb producing a slender, erect stem often exceeding half a meter in height. The bright green ... Clarkia exilis is endemic to California, where it is known only from the woodlands of the southernmost Sierra Nevada foothills ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Ramona clarkia. It is ... Clarkia, Flora of California, Plants described in 1953, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, ...
This species of Clarkia is very closely related to Clarkia virgata, and it has been suggested that it is not actually a ... Clarkia australis is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Small's southern ... 1999). The status of Clarkia australis (Onagraceae). Am J Bot 86:428-435 Jepson Manual Profile Photo gallery v t e (Articles ... Clarkia, Plants described in 1971, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ...
Calflora Database: Clarkia tembloriensis (Temblor Range clarkia) Jepson Manual (TJM93) Profile of Clarkia tembloriensis UC ... Clarkia tembloriensis ssp. tembloriensis (syn: Clarkia tembloriensis subsp. longistyla) - Temblor Range clarkia - distribution ... "Clarkia tembloriensis subsp. calientensis". ucjeps.berkeley.edu. "California Native Plant Society: Clarkia tembloriensis ssp. ... The two current subspecies are: Clarkia tembloriensis ssp. calientensis - Vasek's clarkia - found at only three sites near ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name glandular clarkia. It ... Clarkia, Plants described in 1855, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ...
... - U.C. Photo gallery v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... Clarkia williamsonii is a species of flowering plant endemic to California, where it is known from the forests and woodlands of ... Clarkia williamsonii is an erect annual herb with linear to lance-shaped leaves each a few centimeters long. The inflorescence ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Flora of the Sierra Nevada (United States), Plants described in 1857, All stub articles, ...
... is an uncommon species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Mildred's ... As the bud opens the sepals all separate instead of remaining fused as those of many other Clarkia species do. The triangular ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Plants described in 1940, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ... clarkia. It is endemic to California, where it is known from the forests of the southernmost Cascade Range and northern Sierra ...
... is a species of wildflower known by the common name elegant clarkia or mountain garland. This plant is ... Clarkia unguiculata Moeller, D. A., et al. 2005. Ecological context of the evolution of self-pollination in Clarkia xantiana: ... Flowers of the genus Clarkia are primarily pollinated by specialist bees found in their native habitat "Clarkias independently ... Media related to Clarkia unguiculata at Wikimedia Commons Calphotos photo gallery v t e (Articles with short description, Short ...
... is a species of wildflower known as chaparral clarkia. It is endemic to California, where it grows mainly on ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Plants described in 1953, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Onagraceae known by the common name mountain clarkia. It is ... Clarkia, Flora of California, Plants described in 1857, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, ...
... is a species of wildflower known as red ribbons. It is endemic to California, where it can be found in the low ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the ... "Clarkia concinna". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 17 ...
The Presidio clarkia, Clarkia franciscana, is an erect annual herb growing up to about 40 centimeters in maximum height. The ... Presidio clarkia Clarkia franciscana - U.C. Photo gallery (Webarchive template wayback links, Articles with short description, ... 2007 Media related to Clarkia franciscana at Wikimedia Commons Jepson Manual Treatment of Clarkia franciscana Endangered ... Clarkia franciscana is a rare species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Presidio ...
... is an uncommon species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Jolon ... This plant is very similar to, and historically confused with, Clarkia lewisii, which differs from C. jolonensis in that the ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of Monterey County, ... clarkia. It is endemic to Monterey County, California, where it is known from the woodlands of the Central Coast Ranges. This ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Sierra clarkia. It is ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Flora of the Sierra Nevada (United States), Plants described in 1895, All stub articles, ...
Jepson Flora Project: Clarkia amoena Clarkia amoena at CalPhotos, UC Berkeley Plants of British Columbia: Clarkia amoena Pink, ... amoena Clarkia amoena subsp. huntiana Clarkia amoena subsp. whitneyi (Whitney's farewell to spring) Farewell to spring is ... Clarkia amoena (farewell to spring, godetia, or satin flower; syn. Godetia amoena) is a flowering plant native to western North ... Three subspecies are currently recognised, though intermediate forms are commonly found: Clarkia amoena subsp. ...
... ssp. biloba - two lobed clarkia Clarkia biloba ssp. brandegeeae - Brandegee's clarkia CalFlora Database: Clarkia ... brandegeeae Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clarkia biloba. Jepson Manual Profile - Clarkia biloba Clarkia biloba Photo ... Clarkia biloba is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name twolobe clarkia and two ... Clarkia biloba ssp. australis - Mariposa clarkia; the rarest, known only in the Merced River drainage in the Sierra foothills; ...
Clarkia is located in a flat meadow area which was created by the Miocene Epoch Lake Clarkia. The sediments from this lake ... Clarkia is named for Capt. William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition. The first residents of the town of Clarkia ... Climate Summary for Clarkia, Idaho Media related to Clarkia, Idaho at Wikimedia Commons (Articles with short description, Short ... Clarkia's population was 60 in 1909, and was estimated at 200 in 1960. The 2000 census recorded a population of 97 with an ...
... (Beautiful clarkia, Ragged robin clarkia, Ragged robin, Pink fairies) (Articles with short description, Short ... Clarkia pulchella, also known as pinkfairies, ragged robin, and deerhorn clarkia, is a species of flowering plant in the family ... K. (2020). "Clarkia pulchella". Wildflower Search. Retrieved 2020-09-22. USDA, NRCS. (2020). "Clarkia pulchella". The PLANTS ... Clarkia pulchella is most famous for its use by botanist Robert Brown in the discovery of Brownian motion. Brown studied the ...
... is a rare species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name northern clarkia ... arida, the Shasta clarkia, is known only from the forests around Shingletown. "NatureServe Explorer". NatureServe Explorer. ... Clarkia, Flora of California, Plants described in 1971, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ...
... is a common name for several plants and may refer to: Clarkia exilis, endemic to a small area in California ... northeast of Bakersfield Clarkia gracilis, native to California, Oregon, and Washington This page is an index of articles on ...
... is a species of wildflower known by the common name Lassen clarkia. This plant is native to the US states ... Clarkia lassenensis is pollinated by both native bees and butterflies and is usually in bloom in the late spring early summer ... Clarkia, Flora of California, Plants described in 1940, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Davy's fairyfan, or ... Clarkia, Endemic flora of California, Plants described in 1907, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ... Davy's clarkia. It is endemic to California, where it grows in coastal habitats such as beaches and bluffs. This is an annual ...
... is a species of wildflower known by the common names diamond clarkia and forest clarkia. This plant is ... This clarkia grows a spindly stem not exceeding a meter in height and occasional small leaves. The flower has four petals which ...
... is a rare species of wildflower known by the common name Merced clarkia. This plant is endemic to Mariposa ... Jepson Manual Profile - Clarkia lingulata Clarkia lingulata - U.C. Photo gallery v t e (Articles with short description, Short ... from its parental species Clarkia biloba. It is a state-listed endangered species in California. Clarkia lingulata erects a ... doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00922.x. "CNPS-California Rare Plants Profile: Clarkia lingulata". Archived from the original on ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name prostrate clarkia. It ... This annual herb is prostrate as opposed to erect as most other Clarkia species are. Its stems extend to a maximum length ... Clarkia, Flora of California, Plants described in 1953, All stub articles, Myrtales stubs). ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the common name Dudley's clarkia. It ... Clarkia, Flora of California, Plants described in 1904, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, ...
Botta's clarkia, Botta's fairyfan, and hill clarkia. Clarkia bottae produces spindly, waxy stems which may approach a meter in ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clarkia bottae. Calflora: Clarkia bottae Jepson Manual Profile Photo gallery v t e ( ... Clarkia bottae is endemic to the mountains of southern California. It is found in chaparral and coastal scrub plant communities ... Clarkia bottae is a species of wildflower with several common names, including punchbowl godetia, ...
... the redspot clarkia, Clarkia speciosa, Farewell to Spring, Clarkia amoena and Clarkia bottae. There are cultivated varieties of ... Data related to Clarkia at Wikispecies Media related to Category: Clarkia at Wikimedia Commons Jepson Manual treatment of the ... Clarkia is a genus within the flowering plant family Onagraceae. Over 40 species are currently classified in Clarkia; almost ... Some pollinators even rely on Clarkia exclusively, such as the "Clarkia bee". They are also used as host plants by some species ...
Springville Clarkia Clarkia springvillensis Status Threatened Listed September 14, 1998 Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) ... Springville clarkia, Clarkia springvillensis, is an erect annual herb in the evening primrose family (Onagraceae). The 3 ft (1 ... Springville clarkia can be separated from the co-occurring C. unguiculata by the absence of long hairs on the calyx and ovary, ... Springville clarkia is found in 15 occurrences. Eight of these occurrences are on U.S. Forest Service lands and one is on ...
Clarkia biloba. Two-lobed Clarkia. ID: 0000 0000 0502 1036 [detail]. © 2002 George W. Hartwell. Clarkia biloba ssp. biloba. ... Twolobe Clarkia. ID: 0000 0000 0104 1212 [detail]. © 2004 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.. ... QUERY: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and genre = "Plant" and match(namesoup) against("Twolobe Clarkia" IN BOOLEAN MODE) ...
Clarkia concinna is an annual herb that is native to California, and endemic (limited) to California. ...
List of ICPN names in Clarkia List of names from ICPN, Hrusas Crosswalk, and Jepson Flora in Clarkia Resources of the Jepson ...
Francis King, one of the founders of the Garden Club of America regarded Clarkias and Godetias as a graceful and remarkably ...
Husband and wife see large upright figure leap from road around midnight on Freezeout Saddle near Clarkia (Show Printer- ...
None of the links on this page are sponsored ...
A rapid lake-shallowing event terminated preservation of the Miocene Clarkia Fossil Konservat-Lagerstätte (Idaho, USA). Geology ... Annually resolved sediments in the classic Clarkia lacustrine deposits (Idaho, USA) during the middle Miocene Climate Optimum ...
View the review history for The first tetrapod from the mid-Miocene Clarkia lagerstätte (Idaho, USA) ... The first tetrapod from the mid-Miocene Clarkia lagerstätte (Idaho, USA) All reviews of published articles are made public. ... 2008), while the Clarkia rodent has a convex faced incisor (line 135).. 3. There is another mid Miocene tree squirrel (Sciurini ... Hanson D (2018) Peer Review #1 of The first tetrapod from the mid-Miocene Clarkia lagerstätte (Idaho, USA) (v0.1). PeerJ ...
Clarkia unguiculata, which is found in these semi-arid habitats. I detected extensive genetically based differences among ... Clarkia unguiculata, which is found in these semi-arid habitats. I detected extensive genetically based differences among ...
Pismo Clarkia is an annual herb native to California and is considered a rare plant. ...
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Clarkia franciscana) Recovery. Reinhardt Redwood Serpentine Prairie Restoration for Presidio Clarkia (Clarkia franciscana) ... 2081(a)-21-009-RP] pursuant to Fish and Game Code section 2081(a) for a project to promote recovery of Presidio clarkia and ... 2081(a)-09-01-RP) that has increased the area occupied by Presidio clarkia, decreased invasive plant cover, and improved ... Reinhardt Redwood Serpentine Prairie Restoration for Presidio Clarkia ( ...
These rates are calculated for 120 seeds per square foot, and soil preparation and weed control are possible ...
Bottas Clarkia, Punchbowl Godetia [Clarkia deflexa (Jeps.) F.H. Lewis & M.E. Lewis, moreGodetia bottae Spach, Godetia bottae ...
Photo by Don Olson courtesy of Arboretum Photographers Society ...
Ahsahka, Avery, Bovill, Calder, Cataldo, Clarkia, Coeur D Alene, Culdesac, Deary, Desmet, Elk River, Fernwood, Genesee, ...
Clarkia - Transformadores - Sistemas de Regulación flujo luminoso doble nivel de tensión - Cargadores baterias automaticas - ... 39612 Parbayón - Cantabria - ESPAÑA Tel: (34)-942 269 363 Fax: (34)-942 269 364 e-mail: clk@clarkia.net ... Tel: (34)-942 269 363 Fax: (34)-942 269 364 e-mail: clk@clarkia.net ... Tel: (34)-942 269 363 - Fax: (34)-942 269 364 , e-mail: clk@clarkia.net ...
The Clarkia wildflowers actually get their name from William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition. The plant was discovered ... How to Plant Clarkia Seeds. You probably wont find the cell packs of clarkia at any garden center because they dont really ... How to Care for Clarkia Plants The Clarkia flowers actually need a location with full sun or partial shade and also a very well ... Sow the clarkia seeds densely and then thin the plants to four to six inches apart. If you want to try starting the clarkia ...
The National Ecological Observatory Network is a major facility fully funded by the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. ...
Elegant Clarkia. Add plant to your garden Botanical name: Clarkia Elegans • Other names: Garland Flower, Mountain Garland, ...
Diamond Clarkia is a native annual forb. It is distributed throughout the wild across a range that encompasses most of western ... Clarkia - Diamond. Diamond Clarkia is a native annual forb. It is distributed throughout the wild across a range that ... Clarkia - Diamond quantity. Add To Quote (Quantity in Pounds). SKU: SF0448 Categories: Individual Flower Seed Species, ...
Clarkia heterandra (mountain clarkia) , USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site). • Clarkia heterandra , Biota of North America ... Home » Plants » Clarkia heterandra. mountain clarkia (Clarkia heterandra (Torr.) F.H. Lewis & P.H. Raven). Page contents ...
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UW Burke Herbarium Link: Clarkia pulchella. USDA Plants Link: Clarkia pulchella (CLPU). Flora of North America Link: Clarkia ... Clarkia pulchella ragged-robin, pink fairies, elkhorn clarkia. Onagraceae. native herbaceous Distribution: Mid Elevation, ... Trail guides, walks or articles that mention Clarkia pulchella *INTERPRETIVE LOOP WILDFLOWER WALK ...
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Clarkia amoena ssp. lindleyi. Common Name: Farewell-to-Spring This very showy annual blooms in late-summer and persists on ...
  • Clarkia is a genus within the flowering plant family Onagraceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Springville clarkia, Clarkia springvillensis, is an erect annual herb in the evening primrose family (Onagraceae). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Spontaneous origin of monosomics and nullisomics in Clarkia unguiculata (Onagraceae) hybrids. (scu.edu)
  • Several members of the genus are sometimes referred to by the common name "godetia", including Clarkia amoena, Clarkia affinis, and Clarkia lassenensis (the Lassen godetia). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is because they were formerly classified in a genus called Godetia, which is no longer recognised since its members have been absorbed into the genus Clarkia. (wikipedia.org)
  • I know of Godetia, also known as Clarkia. (garden.org)
  • Some species are popular garden plants, for example the mountain garland, Clarkia unguiculata, the redspot clarkia, Clarkia speciosa, Farewell to Spring, Clarkia amoena and Clarkia bottae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Springville clarkia can be separated from the co-occurring C. unguiculata by the absence of long hairs on the calyx and ovary, the purple sepals, and the dark purplish spot at the base of the petals. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the second chapter, I run an experiment to investigate whether long-term winter-spring climatic conditions may have influenced the evolution of flowering onset, duration, and synchrony in an annual wildflower, Clarkia unguiculata, which is found in these semi-arid habitats. (escholarship.org)
  • Gardeners in warm areas can easily plant the clarkia seeds in fall. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Sow the clarkia seeds densely and then thin the plants to four to six inches apart. (flowerpeek.com)
  • If you want to try starting the clarkia seeds indoors you can easily use peat pots to make transplanting easier. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Sow the clarkia seeds 4 to 6 weeks before the average last frost date. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Clarkia pulchella is an annual which self-seeds in dry sites and disturbed areas. (organicseeds.top)
  • Clarkia seeds can be sown directly in the garden in early spring. (seedarea.com)
  • Clarkia elegans (Wildflower Seeds), Planting clarkia flowers in your garden, starting from seed species, enjoy the fun of gardening. (seedarea.com)
  • Clarkia - Seeds - Buy Flower Seeds from SeedArea's Seeds and Plants. (seedarea.com)
  • The largest population of Springville clarkia occurs on a 4.5-acre (1.8-hectare) preserve owned by the California Department of Fish and Game. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pismo Clarkia is an annual herb native to California and is considered a rare plant. (althouseandmeade.com)
  • The California Department of Fish and Wildlife is issuing a permit to East Bay Regional Park District [Permit No. 2081(a)-21-009-RP] pursuant to Fish and Game Code section 2081(a) for a project to promote recovery of Presidio clarkia and other serpentine prairie vegetation at the Project Location. (ca.gov)
  • The permit issued by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife for the Project includes measures to ensure that existing populations of Presidio clarkia are not impacted. (ca.gov)
  • Consider growing the Clarkia flowers in cutting or cottage gardens, mass plantings, borders, wildflower meadows, containers, or on the edges of woodlands. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Its scientific name, Clarkia, is named for Captain Clark who was an important pioneer for the United States in the Lewis and Clark Expedition. (organicseeds.top)
  • The Clarkia flowers actually need a location with full sun or partial shade and also a very well-drained soil. (flowerpeek.com)
  • You can also stick a few twiggy branches into the soil around the Clarkia plants while they are young for support later on. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Environment: Clarkias need sandy soil and either full sun (6 hours of sunshine a day) or partial shade (4 to 6 hours of shade a day). (seedarea.com)
  • almost all are native to western North America, though one species (Clarkia tenella) is native to South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clarkia species play important roles in their local ecosystems, as they provide habitat for native pollinators. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Project is a continuation of a 10-year restoration project (CDFW Permit No. 2081(a)-09-01-RP) that has increased the area occupied by Presidio clarkia, decreased invasive plant cover, and improved understanding of the effects of management treatments on the native and non-native plant species. (ca.gov)
  • Important Info : Mrs. Francis King, one of the founders of the Garden Club of America regarded Clarkias and Godetias as a graceful and remarkably pretty annual. (backyardgardener.com)
  • Springville clarkia grows mostly on the uphill slope of roadbanks, on small decomposing granitic domes, and in openings within the blue oak woodland community in the foothills of the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains of Tulare County, where 15 populations occur. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Springville clarkia is found on granitic soils in sunny sites from 1,220 to 3,000 ft (372 to 914 m) in elevation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With the variability typical of an annual plant, six populations of Springville clarkia have ranged from 20 to 200 plants. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Due to the small numbers of populations and individuals, Springville clarkia is vulnerable to extirpation from random events. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Two populations of Springville clarkia on the Sequoia National Forest and three populations on non-Federal lands are threatened by road maintenance activities such as grading and roadside mowing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These five populations comprise more than 40% of the known acreage of Springville clarkia habitat. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Three small populations of Springville clarkia occur on lands owned by Tulare County. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Clarkia wildflowers actually get their name from William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Clarkia is a plant that is named after William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, because it was discovered growing in the western U.S. by members of the expedition. (seedarea.com)
  • Va arribar a escriure " Sioux " de 27 formes diferents en els seus diaris de l'Expedició de Lewis i Clark i els seus diaris van haver de ser corregits abans de poder publicar-se. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Royal Navy had a warship called HMS Clarkia, a Flower-class corvette. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mowing usually occurs when the grass turns golden, just when Springville clarkia begins to flower. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Clarkias are typically annual herbs, growing either prostrate or erect to a height of less than 2 metres. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Clarkia flowers actually bloom in summer or fall, and sometimes in winter in mild climates. (flowerpeek.com)
  • The Clarkia flowers look great in many garden situations. (flowerpeek.com)
  • The type locality for Springville clarkia, which covers a 67-acre (27-hectare) area, was extirpated by mobile home development. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Hanson D ( 2018 ) Peer Review #1 of 'The first tetrapod from the mid-Miocene Clarkia lagerstätte (Idaho, USA) (v0.1)' . (peerj.com)
  • This manuscript describes the first tetrapod from the mid-Miocene age Clarkia lagerstatte in Idaho. (peerj.com)
  • At this same site, Springville clarkia appears to be threatened by the Public Works Department dumping of sand. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Clarkia plant care is a snap, and once you plant them in the garden there is very little to do but enjoy the plant. (flowerpeek.com)
  • You probably won't find the cell packs of clarkia at any garden center because they don't really transplant very well. (flowerpeek.com)
  • Ever since then, clarkia has been a staple of cottage and cutting gardens. (flowerpeek.com)
  • The Project consists of basic data collection, research, experimental management, and resource evaluation activities to assure the maintenance, restoration, and enhancement of the endangered Presidio clarkia. (ca.gov)