Bivalvia: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.Mya: A genus of soft-shell clams in the family Myidae, class BIVALVIA.Mercenaria: A genus of hard-shelled clams in the family Veneridae, class BIVALVIA, commonly called quahogs. They are found just below the surface in the subtidal or lower intertidal coastal waters.Corbicula: A genus of freshwater clams, in the family Corbiculidae, class BIVALVIA. It originated in Asia but was introduced in North America and is now found throughout the United States.Shellfish: Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.Spisula: A genus of surf clams in the family Mactridae, class BIVALVIA. They are often used in EMBRYOLOGY research.Hemocytes: Any blood or formed element especially in invertebrates.Arcidae: A family of ark shell mollusks, in the class BIVALVIA. They have soft bodies with platelike GILLS enclosed within two shells hinged together.Gills: Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Phosmet: An organothiophosphorus insecticide that has been used to control pig mange.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Hemolymph: The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.Scapharca: A genus of mollusks in the family ARCIDAE, class BIVALVIA. It is used in the study of HEMOGLOBINS.Eucoccidiida: An order of parasitic protozoa found in blood cells and epithelial cells of vertebrates and invertebrates. Life cycles involve both sexual and asexual phases.Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Vibrio: A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.Animal Shells: The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.Dinoflagellida: Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Ostreidae: A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.Food Irradiation: Treatment of food with RADIATION.Apicomplexa: A phylum of unicellular parasitic EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of complex apical organelles generally consisting of a conoid that aids in penetrating host cells, rhoptries that possibly secrete a proteolytic enzyme, and subpellicular microtubules that may be related to motility.Annelida: A phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (POLYCHAETA), freshwater annelids, earthworms (OLIGOCHAETA), and LEECHES. Only the leeches are of medical interest. (Dorland, 27th ed)Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Echinostomatidae: A family of flukes (TREMATODA) characterized by a collar of spines at their anterior end. The body is elongated and is covered with spines, and the two suckers are usually close together. (Noble et al., Parasitology: the Biology of Animal Parasites, 6th ed, p183)Alveolata: A group of three related eukaryotic phyla whose members possess an alveolar membrane system, consisting of flattened membrane-bound sacs lying beneath the outer cell membrane.Vibrio Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus VIBRIO.MaineHarmful Algal Bloom: An algal bloom where the algae produce powerful toxins that can kill fish, birds, and mammals, and ultimately cause illness in humans. The harmful bloom can also cause oxygen depletion in the water due to the death and decomposition of non-toxic algae species.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Refrigeration: The mechanical process of cooling.Spores, Protozoan: A vegetative stage in the life cycle of sporozoan protozoa. It is characteristic of members of the phyla APICOMPLEXA and MICROSPORIDIA.Gold Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain gold as an integral part of the molecule.Marine Toxins: Toxic or poisonous substances elaborated by marine flora or fauna. They include also specific, characterized poisons or toxins for which there is no more specific heading, like those from poisonous FISHES.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Stramenopiles: A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.Vibrio alginolyticus: A species of gram-negative, halophilic bacteria, in the genus VIBRIO. It is considered part of normal marine flora and commonly associated with ear infections and superficial wounds exposed to contaminated water sources.VirginiaOocytes: Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Gammaproteobacteria: A group of the proteobacteria comprised of facultatively anaerobic and fermentative gram-negative bacteria.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Arginine Kinase: An enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of the guanidine nitrogen of arginine in the presence of ATP and a divalent cation with formation of phosphorylarginine and ADP. EC 2.7.3.3.Hepatitis A virus: A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.Haplosporida: A phylum of EUKARYOTES in the RHIZARIA group. They are small endoparasites of marine invertebrates. Spores are structurally complex but without polar filaments or tubes.Spores: The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.Kinetin: A furanyl adenine found in PLANTS and FUNGI. It has plant growth regulation effects.MarylandPolychaeta: A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Dithioerythritol: A compound that, along with its isomer, Cleland's reagent (DITHIOTHREITOL), is used for the protection of sulfhydryl groups against oxidation to disulfides and for the reduction of disulfides to sulfhydryl groups.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Meiosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.Brachyura: An infraorder of chiefly marine, largely carnivorous CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA, including the genera Cancer, Uca, and Callinectes.Thioglycolates: Organic esters of thioglycolic acid (HS-CH2COOH).Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Histological Techniques: Methods of preparing tissue for examination and study of the origin, structure, function, or pathology.Life Cycle Stages: The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.Lamins: Nuclear matrix proteins that are structural components of the NUCLEAR LAMINA. They are found in most multicellular organisms.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Body Fluid Compartments: The two types of spaces between which water and other body fluids are distributed: extracellular and intracellular.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.DNA, Protozoan: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of protozoa.Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Parasites: Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Fertilization: The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Calcium Chloride: A salt used to replenish calcium levels, as an acid-producing diuretic, and as an antidote for magnesium poisoning.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Ovum: A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Cyclins: A large family of regulatory proteins that function as accessory subunits to a variety of CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES. They generally function as ENZYME ACTIVATORS that drive the CELL CYCLE through transitions between phases. A subset of cyclins may also function as transcriptional regulators.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Ribonucleotide ReductasesCryptosporidium parvum: A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.Hepatitis A: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.
... clams and scallops, and crustaceans such as crabs and spider crabs. Prey that it is likely to reject include moon snails, ... and other molluscs such as whelks and clams; open-ocean octopuses eat mainly prawns, fish and other cephalopods.[71] Major ...
Clams. *Atlantic jackknife. *Atlantic surf. *Geoduck. *Grooved carpet shell. *Hard clam. *Horse ...
Clams. 1.1% Other Shellfish. 0.4% [12] Technology Used in Aquaculture[edit]. To reduce the environmental impact of aquaculture ...
Clams. *Atlantic jackknife. *Atlantic surf. *Geoduck. *Grooved carpet shell. *Hard clam. *Horse ...
Clams. *Atlantic jackknife. *Atlantic surf. *Geoduck. *Grooved carpet shell. *Hard clam. *Horse ...
Columbus brought the plant back to Spain and called it piña de Indes, meaning "pine of the Indians". The pineapple was documented in Peter Martyr's Decades of the New World in 1516 and Antonio Pigafetta's Le Voyage et Navigacion.. of 1526, and the first known illustration was in Oviedo's Historia General de Las Indias in 1535.[26] The pineapple fascinated Europeans as a fruit of colonialism[27] but it could not be successfully cultivated in Europe for several centuries until Pieter de la Court developed a greenhouse horticulture near Leyden from about 1658.[28][22] Pineapple plants were distributed from the Netherlands to English gardeners in 1719 and French ones in 1730.[22] In England, the first pineapple was grown at Dorney Court, Dorney in Buckinghamshire, and a huge "pineapple stove" to heat the plants was built at the Chelsea Physic Garden in 1723.[29][30] In France, King Louis XV was presented with a pineapple that had been grown at Versailles in 1733. In Russia, Catherine the Great ate ...
Dinner began with whiting in lemon, followed by some version of clams or mussels in spaghetti, baccalà and onward to any number ...
Limes have higher contents of sugars and acids than lemons do.[2] Lime juice may be squeezed from fresh limes, or purchased in bottles in both unsweetened and sweetened varieties. Lime juice is used to make limeade, and as an ingredient (typically as sour mix) in many cocktails. Lime pickles are an integral part of Indian cuisine. South Indian cuisine is heavily based on lime; having either lemon pickle or lime pickle is considered an essential of Onam Sadhya. In cooking, lime is valued both for the acidity of its juice and the floral aroma of its zest. It is a common ingredient in authentic Mexican, Vietnamese and Thai dishes. Lime soup is a traditional dish from the Mexican state of Yucatan. It is also used for its pickling properties in ceviche. Some guacamole recipes call for lime juice. The use of dried limes (called black lime or loomi) as a flavouring is typical of Persian cuisine and Iraqi cuisine, as well as in Persian Gulf-style baharat (a spice mixture that is also called kabsa or ...
... is a source of potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E (alpha tocopherol), vitamin K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium. Wheatgrass is also a source of protein (less than one gram per 28 grams). Adding other foods with complementary amino acid profiles to this food may yield a more complete protein source and improve the quality of some types of restrictive diets.[10] Wheatgrass proponent Charles Schnabel claimed in the 1940s, "fifteen pounds of wheatgrass is equal in overall nutritional value to 350 pounds of ordinary garden vegetables",[4] a ratio of 1:23.[7] Despite claims of vitamin and mineral content disproportional to other vegetables, the nutrient content of wheatgrass juice is roughly equivalent to that of dark leafy vegetables (see table 1). Contrary to popular[who?] belief, vitamin B12 is not contained within wheatgrass or any vegetable, as vitamin B12 is not made by plants; rather it is ...
The pineapple was brought to northern Europe by the Dutch from their colony in Surinam. The first pineapple to be successfully cultivated in Europe, is said to have been grown by Pieter de la Court at Meerburg in 1658.[24] In England, the first pineapple was grown at Dorney Court, Dorney in Buckinghamshire, and a huge "pineapple stove" needed to grow the plants had been built at the Chelsea Physic Garden in 1723.[25] In France, King Louis XV was presented with a pineapple that had been grown at Versailles in 1733. Catherine the Great ate pineapples grown on her own estates before her death in 1796.[26] Because of the expense of direct import and the enormous cost in equipment and labour required to grow them in a temperate climate, using hothouses called "pineries", pineapples soon became a symbol of wealth. They were initially used mainly for display at dinner parties, rather than being eaten, and were used again and again until they began to rot.[27] By the second half of the 18th century, the ...
Clam / Flip. Dimensions. In inches: 4.1mm x 2.1mm x 0.6mm. ...
Coral aquaculture, also known as coral farming or coral gardening, is showing promise as a potentially effective tool for restoring coral reefs, which have been declining around the world.[158][159][160] The process bypasses the early growth stages of corals when they are most at risk of dying. Coral seeds are grown in nurseries, then replanted on the reef.[161] Coral is farmed by coral farmers who live locally to the reefs and farm for reef conservation or for income.. Efforts to expand the size and number of coral reefs generally involve supplying substrate to allow more corals to find a home. Substrate materials include discarded vehicle tires, scuttled ships, subway cars, and formed concrete, such as reef balls. Reefs also grow unaided on marine structures such as oil rigs.[citation needed] In large restoration projects, propagated hermatypic coral on substrate can be secured with metal pins, superglue or milliput.[162] Needle and thread can also attach A-hermatype coral to ...
Christians have traditionally used wine during worship services as a means of remembering the blood of Jesus Christ which was shed for the remission of sins. Christians who oppose the partaking of alcoholic beverages sometimes use grape juice or water as the "cup" or "wine" in the Lord's Supper.[39] The Catholic Church continues to use wine in the celebration of the Eucharist because it is part of the tradition passed down through the ages starting with Jesus Christ at the Last Supper, where Catholics believe the consecrated bread and wine literally become the body and blood of Jesus Christ, a dogma known as transubstantiation.[40] Wine is used (not grape juice) both due to its strong Scriptural roots, and also to follow the tradition set by the early Christian Church.[41] The Code of Canon Law of the Catholic Church (1983), Canon 924 says that the wine used must be natural, made from grapes of the vine, and not corrupt.[42] In some circumstances, a priest may obtain special permission to use ...
The origin of the lemon is unknown, though lemons are thought to have first grown in Assam (a region in northeast India), northern Burma or China.[2] A genomic study of the lemon indicated it was a hybrid between bitter orange (sour orange) and citron.[3][4] Lemons entered Europe near southern Italy no later than the second century AD, during the time of Ancient Rome.[2] However, they were not widely cultivated. They were later introduced to Persia and then to Iraq and Egypt around 700 AD.[2] The lemon was first recorded in literature in a 10th-century Arabic treatise on farming, and was also used as an ornamental plant in early Islamic gardens.[2] It was distributed widely throughout the Arab world and the Mediterranean region between 1000 and 1150.[2] The first substantial cultivation of lemons in Europe began in Genoa in the middle of the 15th century. The lemon was later introduced to the Americas in 1493 when Christopher Columbus brought lemon seeds to Hispaniola on his voyages. Spanish ...
The traditional belief that giant clams can trap the leg of a person between its valves, thus causing drowning, is a myth.[51] ... Many species of mollusc, including gastropods such as whelks, bivalves such as scallops, cockles, mussels, and clams, and ... clams are made into soups called chowders,[26] or served as a sauce with pasta in dishes such as spaghetti alle vongole,[27] ... "History of Chowder, History of Clam Chowder, History of Fish Chowder". Whatscookingamerica.net. Retrieved 2007-12-01.. ...
giant clams, the Tridacna), sponges, and foraminifera. These endosymbionts drive the formation of coral reefs by capturing ... A variety of corals, clams, snails, and one species of Paramecium permanently host algae in their cells. Many of the insect ...
Clam Pass Beach Park. *Naples Municipal Beach & Fishing Pier (Naples Pier). *Vanderbilt Beach ...
Their diet consists of molluscs, more specifically, clams. Besides this, Callorhinchidae have been shown to also feed on ...
Clam Il-18 (1946) Clank An-30 Classic Il-62 Cleat Tu-114 ...
Von Baer instead recognised four distinct animal body plans: radiate, like starfish; molluscan, like clams; articulate, like ...
"Raking Clams" (1948); "Rowing at Ebbtide" (1944); "Skipjack Making a Lick" (c. 1955); "Snow Around Fence" (1957); "Snow Park ...
Some clam diggers find horse clams not as tasty as others, so it is not unusual during clamming season to find horse clams left ... The clams will soon die if abandoned on the surface; adult clams are unable to rebury themselves and need the pressure of the ... Responsible clam diggers carefully rebury these clams to the depth at which they were originally found. Early exploitation of ... Their preferred substrates are also preferred by butter and littleneck clams, so horse clams are often taken incidentally in ...
Some clammers find horse clams are not as tasty as others, so it's not unusual during clamming season to find horse clams left ... Responsible diggers carefully rebury them to about the depth at which the clams were found. Early exploitation of horse clams ... Their preferred substrates are also preferred by butter and littleneck clams, so horse clams are often taken incidentally in ... The crabs are easily seen and in no way affect the clam as food. The meat is good and makes excellent chowder. They tend to be ...
Gould, S. J.; Calloway, C. B. (1980). "Clams and Brachiopods-Ships that Pass in the Night". Paleobiology. 6 (4): 383-396. doi: ...
Giant clams (Family Tridacnidae) have been used as bowls, and when big enough, even as bathtubs and baptismal fonts. ... The brachiopods, or lamp shells, superficially resemble clams, but the phylum is not closely related to mollusks. Most lines of ... Examples of bivalves are clams, scallops, mussels, and oysters. The majority of bivalves consist of two identical shells that ... or clams), gastropods (or snails), scaphopods (or tusk shells), polyplacophorans (or chitons), and cephalopods (such as ...
The effects of storage temperatures and times on the microbiological quality and safety of hard-shelled quahog clams ( ... The effects of storage temperatures and times on the microbiological quality and safety of hard-shelled quahog clams ( ... However, storage time and incubation temperature affected the PCA counts (P , or = 0.05) in quahog clams. ... Microbiological quality and safety of quahog clams, Mercenaria mercenaria, during refrigeration and at elevated storage ...
isolated from the clams Ruditapes philippinarum and Ruditapes decussatus. Ana L Diégez, Roxana Beaz-Hidalgo, Ilse Cleenwerck ( ... isolated from the clams Ruditapes philippinarum and Ruditapes decussatus. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY ... Isolated from the Clams Ruditapes Philippinarum and Ruditapes Decussatus." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY ... Isolated from the Clams Ruditapes Philippinarum and Ruditapes Decussatus." International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary ...
Dispersal of Corbicula fluminea: factors influencing the invasive clams drifting behavior. Inês Correia Rosa; Joana Luísa ... Dispersal of Corbicula fluminea: factors influencing the invasive clams drifting behavior. Inês Correia Rosa; Joana Luísa ... Two Asian clam populations geographically separated (one in the USA and the other in Portugal), in- vestigated at different ... The Asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea (Mu¨ ller, 1774) (Bivalvia: Corbiculidae) in Europe. Am. Malacol. Bull., 10, 39 49. ...
We measured calcification rates on the hard clam, Mercenaria spp.,in 5 post-larval size classes (0.39, 0.56, 0.78, 0.98, and ... Furthermore, we found significantly different calcification rates between the 2 sources of hard clams we used for these ... Seawater carbonate chemistry, calcification and shell size of hard clam Mercenaria mercenaria during experiments, 2011, ... Size-dependent pH effect on calcification in post-larval hard clam Mercenaria spp. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 417, 171-182 ...
Alterations of the immune transcriptome in resistant and susceptible hard clams (Mercenaria mercenaria) in response to Quahog ... Alterations of the immune transcriptome in resistant and susceptible hard clams (Mercenaria mercenaria) in response to Quahog ...
... affecting die manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum. Identification of V tapelis has been previously performed using... ... m diseased clams, and in asymptomatic broodstock clams that later developed BRD. In conclusion, the two SSP-PCR primers were ... Vibrio tapetis is the marine bacterium responsible for the brown ring disease (BRD) affecting die manila clam, Ruditapes ... philippilnarum broodstock clams and larvae from the hatchery. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.. ...
Clam Sentinel (2014-09-01). "Clam Sentinel - Free Realtime Antivirus".. *^ Cyber Pillar. "Clam Sentinel - Making ClamWin Be ... Clam Sentinel[edit]. Clam Sentinel[32] is a free software system tray application that detects file system changes and scans ... "Clam Sentinel". Retrieved 2014-06-19.. *^ "Trend Micro patent claim provokes FOSS community, leads to boycott". Linux.com. 2008 ... Clam AntiVirus (ClamAV) is a free software, cross-platform and open-source antivirus software toolkit able to detect many types ...
Soft-Shelled Clams. Soft-shelled clams are the smallest type of clam, and found closest to shore. While the shell is called " ... Soft-shelled clams are known by many names, including Ipswich clams, steamers and longnecks. While these clams can be eaten raw ... Razor Clams. The razor clam has a unique sharp, straight-edged, hard shell which gives it its name. It can grow to be up to ten ... Quahog Clams. Quahog (pronounced "co-hog") is the blanket name for any hard-shelled clam from the east coast of the United ...
Hard Clams This website is useful because it has a lot of specific information about the littleneck clam/hard clam. It includes ... Other clams around him saw what he was doing and joined in. All of the littleneck clams worked so hard that the entire net ... It has specific details about the clam such as how the clam opens and closes its shell. It also has some nice images. ... Pacific Littleneck Clam This website has extended information specifically about the Pacific Littleneck Clam. It includes ...
If desired serve with a small cup of melted butter for dipping clams and dont forget a fresh loaf of warm, crusty bread! ... Discard any clams that are already opened. * In a large stock pot with a tight fitting lid, place the cleaned clams. Add the ... Chorizo Steamed Clams Warm up your winter with a comforting bowl of steamed clams in broth with chorizo ... These clams were awesome! Following the advice of other reviewers, I too add minced garlic. I also added 2 tsp pimenta moida ( ...
... light pasta dish with clams and a sprinkling of Parmesan cheese. Ready in no time, yet perfect for any occasion. ... Add clams, stirring frequently for 3 minutes, or until clams are lightly browned. Stir in parsley, olive oil, and reserved clam ... I will always keep clams in the cupboard and use this as my go to meal in a crunch, Thanks for this recipe. ... I couldnt find 8 oz chopped clams, only the 6 oz can. Used two of these, would probably double recipe next time. ...
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have modeled the giant clams techniques of photosynthesizing sunlight to create ... And, like the clam, they would work at peak efficiency, whatever the strength of the sunlight on any given day, or at any time ... "The clam had 300 million years of evolution to sit and think about this," says Alison Sweeney, a professor in the department of ... The clam had 300-million years of evolution to sit and think about this.. Prof. Alison Sweeney, University of Pennsylvania. ...
... or clams, grow prolifically along the northeastern coast of the U.S. from Maine to Florida The slightly sweet and tender clams ... Place crushed ice and clams on a platter to serve chilled raw clams on the half-shell. Squeeze fresh lemon juice over the clams ... Spread the clams into a single, uniform layer to avoid crowding. The clams need space to open up as they steam. ... Soak the clams in a mixture of 1 cup of salt to 3 quarts of water if they werent cleaned at the market. Add 1 cup of cornmeal ...
Fly Charts: Ackman Clams Up and Goldman Needs Pay Cuts. From a Jack Daniels hangover to P&Gs tiny revolution, here are four ...
Looking for step by step directions on the proper way to do a clam exercise? This exercise video shows you how to strengthen ...
CLaMS was first described by McKenna et al. (2000a,b) and was expanded into three dimensions by Konopka et al. (2004). CLaMS ... CLaMS is composed of four modules and several preprocessors. The four modules are a trajectory module a box chemistry module a ... Major strengths of CLaMS in comparison to other CTMs are its applicability for reverse domain filling studies its anisotropic ... For CLaMS, the following meteorological data sets have been used European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), ...
Clams are sensitive to water quality, and require clean, unpolluted water to thrive. But clams can actually improve the quality ... We hoped to repopulate a 21-square mile area of the bay with clams and kick-start mother nature. To date, about 8 million clams ... Some years, when we counted the numbers of live baby clams, we saw positive results. Other years, not so much. The clams were ... Clams were once so abundant in Long Islands waters it was said you could cross the 25-mile-long Great South Bay by jumping ...
Food portal Clams casino List of clam dishes List of seafood dishes New England clam bake Gisslen, W. (2010). Professional ... Clams Oreganata is an Italian American seafood dish served most commonly as an appetizer. The dish consists of a number of ... Lemons are often included so that the orderer may squeeze the lemon juice onto the clams. The name comes from the addition of ... clams (usually six or twelve) that are topped with bread crumbs (usually moistened with olive oil or butter), oregano and ...
clam shrimp: Any member of the crustacean order Conchostraca (subclass Branchiopoda), a group of about 200 species inhabiting ... Clam shrimp, also called claw shrimp, any member of the crustacean order Conchostraca (subclass Branchiopoda), a group of about ... Clam shrimps are so called because their entire body is contained within a bivalved shell (carapace) that resembles the shell ... of a small clam. Inside the shell the trunk of the animal carries up to 28 pairs of leaflike limbs that filter microscopic food ...
These clams might not have a brain, but they do have a foot for digging. Theyd better move quick, or these rays and birds will ... Clams vs. the World. These clams might not have a brain, but they do have a foot for digging. Theyd better move quick, or ... Clams vs. the World. These clams might not have a brain, but they do have a foot for digging. Theyd better move quick, or ... These clams might not have a brain, but they do have a foot for digging. Theyd better move quick, or these rays and birds will ...
Unlike many other kinds of dashi, the version here relies on clams instead of the more commonly used shaved bonito flakes. ... Manila clams) is the star of this sophisticated miso soup, which is based on one served at Manhattans EN Japanese Brasserie. ... 1 pound (450g) small asari (Manila clams), cockles, or littleneck clams (about 2 dozen Manila clams or cockles, or 8 ... Continue simmering, using tongs to transfer clams as they open to a large heatproof bowl, until all clams have opened. Skim any ...
Many different species of clam inhabit Ontarios lakes and rivers and were eaten for centuries by Native... ... Freshwater clams can be eaten, but it is not advisable to eat them as they can be toxic. ... Freshwater clams can be eaten, but it is not advisable to eat them as they can be toxic. Many different species of clam inhabit ... Fresh clams are filter feeders and thus ingest a variety of substances, such as pollutants and toxins. Their tissues can ...
... half-and-half mixes with the liquor spilled from the clams, letting the briny goodness of cherrystones and hints of thyme, bay ... In this slightly lighter yet still rich version of clam chowder, ... Creamy Clam Chowder * Pinterest Sarges New England Clam ... 4. Chop clams. Add clams and half-and-half to pot, and heat until just warmed through, about 1 minute. Discard cheesecloth, and ... Transfer clams to a large bowl, reserving cooking liquid. Discard any clams that do not open. Remove meat from shells, and ...
Its important to use good quality oysters and clams. Make sure you dont add clams or oysters too soon. They will get tough ... Drain and rinse both oysters and clams. If oysters are big, add to chowder about 2 minutes before canned clams. Heat for ... 10 oz can of whole clams, drained and rinsed (if available, use fresh clams and steam open in soup) ... The following chart shows the nutrients for which Oyster and Clam Chowder is either an excellent, very good, or good source ( ...
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  • A mucous drogue line produced by mucocytes packed along the inner demibranchs of the clams' gills seem to play an important role in assisting drifting and hence dispersal. (openaire.eu)
  • In conclusion, the two SSP-PCR primers were useful for direct and fast identification of V tapetis strains isolated in clams, and are well suited for the screening of individual R. philippilnarum broodstock clams and larvae from the hatchery. (ifremer.fr)
  • or = 4 degrees C). Clams were analyzed for two naturally occurring pathogens, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. (nih.gov)
  • I gave it a try, but, I much prefer clams italiano recipe on this site. (allrecipes.com)
  • I will always keep clams in the cupboard and use this as my go to meal in a crunch, Thanks for this recipe. (allrecipes.com)
  • Try this or your own favorite recipe for oyster stew, hut substitute clams for the oysters. (almanac.com)
  • In the recipe that follows, the clams get three degrees of smokiness: wood smoke, smoked paprika, and bacon. (villagevoice.com)
  • So the songs on Onion, while certainly not abandoning the Clams' endearing recipe of garage-rock abandon, girl-group jubilance and surf-guitar twang, are meticulously layered and the structures, tempos and tones were often rejigged. (calgaryherald.com)
  • It's the most basic and often replicated izakaya clam recipe that I can think of. (andrewzimmern.com)
  • As you can see, my linguine alle vongole recipe is loaded with lots of clams. (rasamalaysia.com)
  • Removing clams from the broth as they open prevents them from overcooking. (seriouseats.com)
  • Place cheesecloth in pot, and add potatoes and 2 1/2 cups reserved clam broth. (marthastewart.com)
  • as the clams steam, their juices will drip down into the pot to create a wonderfully flavorful, healthy broth. (cookinglight.com)
  • Add potatoes to the pot along with all of the reserved clam broth. (kroger.com)
  • Strain broth through a fine sieve over clams. (ksl.com)
  • Gradually stir in clam broth until smooth. (countryliving.com)
  • Direct plating on thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose agar was found to be superior to either direct plating on Vanderzant modified salt starch agar or enrichment with Trypticase soy broth containing 7% salt for isolation from clam samples. (nih.gov)
  • But there's another lifeform - the giant clam - that has figured out how to get around this problem. (asme.org)
  • On the wavy surface of its flesh, the giant clam has cells, called iridocytes, which scatter light. (asme.org)
  • But, like all animals, the giant clam is unable to photosynthesize . (asme.org)
  • In many species of giant clam, photosynthetic algae live in the clam's fleshy mantle, which is exposed to the sea and sunlight through the flaps of its shell (pictured). (newscientist.com)
  • And so does Tridacna gigas , the giant clam of the Indo-Pacific, the largest bivalve mollusk on Earth and the world's only sun-powered clam . (aqua.org)
  • The giant clam hosts a thick layer of zooxanthellae in its tissues and gets up to 90 percent of its nutrition from their photosynthesis. (aqua.org)
  • The giant clam does its part, too, by providing the zooxanthellae with a habitat protected from hungry predators. (aqua.org)
  • During the day, the giant clam extends its mantle tissue, allowing sunlight to reach the zooxanthellae. (aqua.org)
  • You're less likely to get your foot stuck in a giant clam like in one those '50s-style horror movies than to get a hernia from trying to pick one up. (aqua.org)
  • No Omnivore's Dilemma for the giant clam. (aqua.org)
  • Scientists have also discovered the giant clam can even "farm" its zooxanthellae. (aqua.org)
  • There is a huge demand for every single part of the giant clam. (aqua.org)
  • To save the giant clam, and the reefs on which they make their home, mariculturists are learning to farm them on Fiji and other islands, much the same way oysters are raised in the Chesapeake Bay. (aqua.org)
  • Meet the geoduck, a giant clam that's an Asian delicacy. (bravotv.com)
  • Their tough flesh makes them best suited for recipes requiring chopped and cooked clams, such as chowders and stuffings. (ehow.com)
  • Toss the steamed clams, shells intact, with spaghetti or linguini noodles for an Italian seafood dinner, or sprinkle your favorite cheese and minced garlic over the clams and broil them, still in the shells, for 5 minutes or until the cheese melts for a simple appetizer. (ehow.com)
  • These simple ingredients really turn a pot of clams into a delicious stew. (allrecipes.com)
  • The dish consists of a number of clams (usually six or twelve) that are topped with bread crumbs (usually moistened with olive oil or butter), oregano and sometimes other ingredients, and baked. (wikipedia.org)
  • While these clams can be eaten raw on the half-shell, they are more often found steamed and served with drawn butter, or breaded and fried. (ehow.com)
  • Other varieties include butter clams and rock clams, which can be served cooked or raw. (ehow.com)
  • If desired serve with a small cup of melted butter for dipping clams and don't forget a fresh loaf of warm, crusty bread! (allrecipes.com)
  • Season the clams with oil or butter for flavor and pair them with your favorite side dish. (ehow.com)
  • Or simply melt butter in a small dish to dip the steamed clams. (ehow.com)
  • Linguine alle Vongole (Clams Linguine) - The best and easiest homemade pasta with clams in garlic butter sauce. (rasamalaysia.com)
  • it's absolutely delicious, bursting with the natural briny sweetness of the clams, with the garlic butter and herb sauce. (rasamalaysia.com)
  • Spoon an equal amount of this butter on top of each clam. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Place clams under broiler with the butter mixture 5 to 6 inches from source of heat and broil about 3 minutes. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Warm a medium or large saucepan, depending on the number of clams, over medium heat. (ehow.com)
  • In a medium saucepan, combine kombu and clams with 3 1/2 cups (830ml) cold water and bring to a bare simmer over medium heat, about 8 minutes. (seriouseats.com)
  • Add clams and half-and-half to pot, and heat until just warmed through, about 1 minute. (marthastewart.com)
  • Heat slowly until clams are heated through. (almanac.com)
  • Reduce the heat to low and then simmer the clams for 4 to 5 minutes, until open. (dummies.com)
  • Add clams, cover and reduce heat to medium. (ksl.com)
  • this could take from 5-10 minutes depending on size of clams and the heat level. (bonappetit.com)
  • Add the clams, cover and cook over high heat, shaking the pan occasionally, until the clams open, 3 to 5 minutes. (andrewzimmern.com)
  • Turn oven heat to 450 F, transfer clams from broiler to oven and let clams bake about 2 minutes. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Give them a shake then put the lid on, turn the heat down to medium and leave for 5 mins, giving the odd stir, until all the clams are open. (womanandhome.com)
  • Since clams eat by taking in water and separating it from the tasty plankton and algae, they clean the water for the benefit of other animals. (tolweb.org)
  • Note: If the clams seem sandy, soak them for a couple of hours or overnight in the refrigerator in salted water with a bit of vinegar, cornmeal, and cayenne pepper. (allrecipes.com)
  • Wash clams well in a sink of cold water. (allrecipes.com)
  • It's a perfect example of symbiosis, with the clam pumping enough water to provide trace nutrients and nitrogen for itself while the algae provide the raw energy by photosynthesizing enough sunlight for themselves and the clam. (asme.org)
  • Soak the clams in a mixture of 1 cup of salt to 3 quarts of water if they weren't cleaned at the market. (ehow.com)
  • Add 1 cup of cornmeal to the water to encourage the clams to purge the sand from their shells. (ehow.com)
  • 2004). CLaMS has been employed in recent European field campaigns THESEO, EUPLEX, TROCCINOX SCOUT-O3, and RECONCILE with a focus on simulating ozone depletion and water vapour transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent polling shows that 85 percent of Long Island voters strongly support tougher water quality standards if it means that less nitrogen pollution will enter our waters, and they understand that it's going to cost quite a few…clams. (treehugger.com)
  • Rinse clams under cold running water. (seriouseats.com)
  • Fill a large bowl with cold water, season with salt until water is salty like the sea (about 3% salt by weight), and add clams. (seriouseats.com)
  • To clean clams, scrub with stiff brush under cold running water. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Soak clams 20 minutes in mixture of 1/2 cup salt to 1 gallon water. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The clam, known as the noble pen shell or pinna nobilis, plays an important ecological role by filtering sea water and allowing other organisms to flourish. (reuters.com)
  • The pathogen becomes inactive if the temperature of the sea water falls below 13.5 degrees Celsius, but the clams are also then unable to spawn. (reuters.com)
  • Because of their symbiotic relationship with the zooxanthellae, giant clams can photosynthesize their food like plants, even as they carnivorously filter feed, sieving out plankton from the water as all clams do. (aqua.org)
  • Submerge the clams in cold, lightly salted water for several hours in the refrigerator. (dummies.com)
  • Drain and then scrub the clams well under running water. (dummies.com)
  • Before cooking the clams, be sure to soak in salt water to remove the sand inside the clams. (kroger.com)
  • Some even suggest adding a little corn meal to the water to help rid the clams of sand. (kroger.com)
  • My research indicated that a mature C. virginica filters five liters of water per hour (Chesapeake Bay Program, American Oyster, 2005), while a mature M. arenaria filters four liters per hour (Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Soft Shell Clam, 2007). (amnh.org)
  • But the water inside the clam shells carried about the same amount of plankton whether it was sampled during the day or night, says Dougherty. (newscientist.com)
  • The muscles also allow clams to close their valves tightly when they are exposed to air, low water levels or predators. (reference.com)
  • The rapid movement also opens and closes the valves of the clams causing water to be ejected from either side of the hinged area of their shells. (reference.com)
  • Archaeological Diver for the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum Pierre LaRocque uses a pan sifter to look for Asian clams in the water Thursday, May 3, 2012 at Norowal Marina in Bolton Landing, N.Y. This is a matted area so most of the clams here are dead. (timesunion.com)
  • The Asian clam is a filter feeder that removes particles from the water column. (usgs.gov)
  • She and Ph.D. student Hye-Na Kim developed a technique of synthesizing nanoparticles and adding them to an emulsion, a combination of oil, water, and soapy molecules called surfactants, in order to create microbeads mimicking the iridocytes, the cells in huge clams responsible for solar transforming. (azocleantech.com)
  • Clams need nutrient rich water which is very hard to achieve unless you grow your own algae cultures. (badmanstropicalfish.com)
  • Lightly saute the garlic and add the clams, pasta water and white wine. (rasamalaysia.com)
  • Soft-shelled clams are also part of a traditional New England clambake, along with lobster, potatoes and corn steamed over beds of seaweed. (ehow.com)
  • Clams, bacon, potatoes and seasonings meld together to form a delicious flavor that will warm your heart. (foodlion.com)
  • Cook until the potatoes are tender, then return the clams to the pan. (womanandhome.com)
  • Blanched garlic, which is sweet and mild, is blended with briny clam liquor and olive oil to make a creamy white sauce for this unconventional pizza. (bonappetit.com)
  • Sure you can cook clams right on the grill grate, but getting a skillet involved means capturing all of their delicious briny juices. (bonappetit.com)
  • The razor clam has a unique sharp, straight-edged, hard shell which gives it its name. (ehow.com)
  • Often, razor clams are deep-fried or chopped up for use in chowders or stuffings. (ehow.com)
  • Winter, Hosoi and fellow clamdroid enthusiast Alexander Slocum modelled their mooring machine on the remarkable Ensis directus , or Atlantic razor clam. (theregister.co.uk)
  • i don't know whether i've had Atlantic or Pacific razor clams, but love their distinct sweetness, and tenderness w/ a little chew. (chowhound.com)
  • Under state law, each digger can keep 15 razor clams per day, and people must keep the first 15 clams they dig up. (theolympian.com)
  • Razor clam diggers age 15 or older also must have an applicable 2014-15 fishing license. (theolympian.com)
  • Agency spokesman Bruce Pokarney said Monday that most of the north and central coast had already been closed to mussel harvesting and the state has banned razor clam harvesting since midsummer for conservation reasons. (pasadenastarnews.com)
  • For a spicy kick, add a couple drops of your favorite hot sauce to each shell before you eat the clams. (ehow.com)
  • Red Clam Sauce with Vegetables the Editors of Publications International, Ltd. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The adductor muscles are the main muscular system in clams and other bivalve mollusks. (reference.com)
  • Hard clams have notably few infectious diseases, compared to other bivalve molluscs, and to date no significant problems due to infectious diseases have been observed in cultured clams from Florida waters. (ufl.edu)
  • The disco clam is an active, filter-feeding mollusk that lives in crevices or small caves in Indo-Pacific coral reefs. (newswise.com)
  • This reddish-orange mollusk, which makes its home in clusters in the caves and crevices of Indo-Pacific coral reefs, creates flashing light shows so bright that they can be seen without artificial light-hence its common name, the disco clam. (mentalfloss.com)
  • The shrimp attacked the clam a few times, each time retreating from it and, eventually, going into what seemed to be a catatonic state (and then it got a little frisky with the mollusk ). (mentalfloss.com)
  • Isolation and characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus from Cape Cod soft-shell clams (Mya arenaria). (nih.gov)
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus was isolated from soft-shell clams (Mya arenaria) taken from 10 different clamming areas on Cape Cod, Mass., during July and August 1972. (nih.gov)
  • The smallest are called buttons, littlenecks or pasta clams and are up to 2 inches in shell diameter. (ehow.com)
  • Littlenecks, a small variety of hard-shelled quahogs, or clams, grow prolifically along the northeastern coast of the U.S. from Maine to Florida The slightly sweet and tender clams have a hinge width of about 2 inches and are typically served raw or steamed. (ehow.com)
  • The invasive Asian clam claim continues to expand its foothold in Lake George, according to a report issued Wednesday by the Lake George Park Commission. (timesunion.com)
  • CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- They found it in the Illinois River near the city of Marseilles, Illinois, about 80 miles west of Lake Michigan - a strange entry point for an invasive Asian clam. (eurekalert.org)
  • an oyster disease which clams are known to carry, though they do not get sick. (ufl.edu)
  • Additionally, a peacock mantis shrimp that was attacking the disco clam seemed to recoil from its tentacles and enter a catatonic state. (newswise.com)
  • a shovelful can hold clams, shrimp and other tasty surprises. (latimes.com)
  • Odontodactylus scyllarus , the peacock or harlequin mantis shrimp, uses its claws -which can deliver 160 pounds of force-to break open clams and other prey. (mentalfloss.com)
  • They're very aggressive critters, and to have a clam open and flashing, and the mantis shrimp not attacking, is very weird," Dougherty told LiveScience. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Dougherty first became fascinated with disco clams when she was shocked by their display during a dive in Indonesia. (newswise.com)
  • It was on that trip I first saw the disco clam, and immediately fell in love," reminisced Dougherty. (newswise.com)
  • But it turns out a styrofoam lid is indeed pretty scary to the clams, because their flash rate almost doubled from just under 2 Hz to just under 4 Hz," said Dougherty. (newswise.com)
  • This preliminary information suggested to Dougherty that the clams may be producing noxious, acidic mucus to repel predators. (newswise.com)
  • Dougherty used a number of high tech tools-including a transmission electron microscope, a spectrometer, an energy dispersive x-ray spectroscope, and high speed video-to examine the clam mantle lip, and found that the flashes are created not by bioluminescence but by a double layer of specialized tissues. (mentalfloss.com)
  • Dougherty thinks the clams might be producing an acidic mucus in its tentacles that repels predators. (mentalfloss.com)
  • When I show them to people who have never seen them before, they are initially surprised that these are actually clams," says Lindsey Dougherty at the University of California in Berkeley, who has made the disco clam the subject of her PhD. "They're very different from their mud-dwelling brethren. (newscientist.com)
  • The party never stops: the clams perform their flashy light show more or less constantly, says Dougherty, but even so they can be difficult to find - not least because they rarely get much larger than about 7 centimetres. (newscientist.com)
  • They each have about 40 eyes nestled between their tentacles, which is a lot for a small clam, says Dougherty. (newscientist.com)
  • Working with colleagues at the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Dougherty began by wondering whether the flashes are communications between clams. (newscientist.com)
  • One very large clam yelled. (tolweb.org)
  • But the geoduck (pronounced "gooey-duck")-a large clam that's native to the Pacific Northwest-is prized in the culinary world, particularly in Asia. (bravotv.com)
  • To date, about 8 million clams have been deposited. (treehugger.com)
  • The annual average North Carolina hard clam landings from 2007 to 2016 was 19.1 million clams (Figure 1). (ncdenr.org)
  • But giant clams have specialised cells called iridocytes that allow algae to grow in microscopic pillars, which go about 2 millimetres deep into the clam mantle. (newscientist.com)
  • The 'disco' clam Ctenoides ales sends ripples of light along the edge of its mantle to produce a flashing display, but why? (newswise.com)
  • One side of this mantle is coated in silica that catches the light, so as the clam rapidly furls and unfurls the mantle it appears to produce brief, brilliant flashes. (newscientist.com)
  • Predatory mantis shrimps seemed reluctant to eat the clam's mantle and tentacles even though they are the most accessible parts of the clam. (newscientist.com)
  • Pathogens can potentially infect all life stages of hard clams. (ufl.edu)
  • QPX, short for Quahog Parasite Unknown, is the only significant pathogen of hard clams. (ufl.edu)
  • are sometimes found in hard clams, they apparently do not cause noticeable signs of disease in clams. (ufl.edu)
  • During the juvenile stages, hard clams tend to be dominantly male and then become either male or female as they mature into adults. (ncdenr.org)
  • Sexual maturity is reached in hard clams when individuals reach a certain size, and the timing is therefore dependent on the rate of growth. (ncdenr.org)
  • Hard clams are a live product that must go to market quickly after harvest because of a short shelf life. (ncdenr.org)
  • Competition with hard clams grown in private culture from other states is also a known contributor to reduced market demand for wild hard clams since a more consistent product can be provided from private grow out facilities. (ncdenr.org)
  • The recreational harvest of hard clams in North Carolina does not require a fishing license, and due to this the total amount of recreational landings cannot be estimated and remains unknown. (ncdenr.org)
  • for all hard clams occurring within North Carolina coastal waters. (ncdenr.org)
  • The status of the hard clam stock in North Carolina is considered unknown because population size could not be determined and the rate that hard clams are removed from the population could not be estimated. (ncdenr.org)
  • While landings records reflect population abundance to some extent, not enough information on hard clams is available to determine trends in effort, landings, age distribution and recruitment (survival to harvestable size). (ncdenr.org)
  • Douglass and Tiemann found the new clams while hunting through a mudflat for a federally endangered native clam, the scaleshell, that had been spotted in the same location two years before. (eurekalert.org)
  • Disco clams have a few other unusual features. (newscientist.com)
  • But apparently not the 0.5-millimetre-long plankton that the disco clams eat. (newscientist.com)
  • Continue simmering, using tongs to transfer clams as they open to a large heatproof bowl, until all clams have opened. (seriouseats.com)
  • Transfer clams to a large bowl, reserving cooking liquid. (marthastewart.com)
  • Plan on serving 1 lb. of clams per person for the main dish of the meal. (ehow.com)
  • Clams Oreganata is an Italian American seafood dish served most commonly as an appetizer. (wikipedia.org)
  • I love clams and I love pasta , so there is no surprise that I love this classic Italian dish Linguine alle Vongole, which means linguine with clams. (rasamalaysia.com)
  • Arrange clams evenly on a baking dish or sheet. (orlandosentinel.com)