A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including some economically important plant parasites. Teleomorphs include Mycosphaerella and Venturia.
A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including several plant pathogens and at least one species which produces a highly phytotoxic antibiotic. Its teleomorph is Lewia.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
A mitosporic fungal genus. Phialophora verrucosa is a cause of chromomycosis (CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS). Ophiobolus is the teleomorph of Phialophora.
The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.
A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
Scaly papule or warty growth, caused by five fungi, that spreads as a result of satellite lesions affecting the foot or leg. The extremity may become swollen and, at its distal portion, covered with various nodular, tumorous, verrucous lesions that resemble cauliflower. In rare instances, the disease may begin on the hand or wrist and involve the entire upper extremity. (Arnold, Odom, and James, Andrew's Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p362)
Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.
A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
The contamination of indoor air.
The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.
Diseases of plants.
Sugar alcohol dehydrogenases that have specificity for MANNITOL. Enzymes in this category are generally classified according to their preference for a specific reducing cofactor.
The Christmas Mistletoe plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are parasitic primarily on coniferous trees forming a drooping evergreen bush of leathery leaves on tree branches. The berries are sticky and toxic.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE. The stalks are a food source.
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
A white, crystalline powder that is commonly used as a pH buffering agent, an electrolyte replenisher, systemic alkalizer and in topical cleansing solutions.
Inorganic salts that contain the -HCO3 radical. They are an important factor in determining the pH of the blood and the concentration of bicarbonate ions is regulated by the kidney. Levels in the blood are an index of the alkali reserve or buffering capacity.
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA characterized by stromatic perithecial forms in most species. Notable genera are Magnaporthe and Glomerella, the latter having the anamorph (mitosporic form) COLLETOTRICHUM.
A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A synthetic progestin which is useful for the study of progestin distribution and progestin tissue receptors, as it is not bound by transcortin and binds to progesterone receptors with a higher association constant than progesterone.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Unsaturated pregnane derivatives containing two keto groups on side chains or ring structures.
The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.
Health care professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES in research or health care facilities.
Accidentally acquired infection in laboratory workers.
Hospital facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.

Recombination between diverged clusters of the tomato Cf-9 plant disease resistance gene family. (1/180)

The tomato Cf-4 and Cf-9 genes are the founder members of a large gene family of homologues of Cladosporium fulvum resistance gene Cf-9 (Hcr9 genes), several of which confer resistance against C. fulvum through recognition of different pathogen-encoded avirulence determinants. Three loci of tandemly repeated Hcr9 genes-Southern Cross (SC), Milky Way (MW), and Northern Lights (NL)-are located on the short arm of tomato chromosome 1. Comparisons between 2 SC-Hcr9s, 11 from MW, and 5 from NL implicated sequence exchange between gene family members in their evolution. The extent to which novel variants can be generated by recombination depends on the degree of sequence polymorphism available within the gene family. Here we show that physical separation of Hcr9 genes can be associated with elevated sequence divergence. Two diverged subclasses of Hcr9s could be defined. These are physically separated from each other, with members of one class exclusively residing at Northern Lights. One exceptional Hcr9 at Northern Lights carried sequence features specific for Hcr9s at other loci, suggesting a recent transfer of this gene by an interlocus recombination event. As members of diverged subclasses are brought into physical vicinity within a tandem repeat, a larger spectrum of sequence variants can potentially be generated by subsequent interhomologue sequence exchange.  (+info)

Folding and conformational analysis of AVR9 peptide elicitors of the fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. (2/180)

The race-specific elicitor AVR9, produced by the phytopathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum, is a 28-residue beta-sheet peptide containing three disulfide bridges. The folding of this peptide to its native conformation was examined in the presence of oxidized (GSSG) and reduced (GSH) glutathione at concentrations resembling those present in the endoplasmic reticulum. The concentrations of GSH and GSSG, and the applied temperature strongly affected the folding efficiency. The effect of temperature appeared reversible. The conditions for in vitro folding were optimized and a maximum yield of 60-70% of correctly folded peptide was obtained. In vitro folded AVR9 is equally as active as native fungal AVR9. They both display similar NMR characteristics, indicating that they have the same 3D structure and identical disulfide bridges. Thus, AVR9 can be folded correctly in vitro. This folding can be described by disulfide bridge formation leading to scrambled three-disulfide species, followed by disulfide reshuffling to acquire the native structure. The presence of urea significantly affected the folding of AVR9, indicating that noncovalent interactions play a role in directing correct folding. Protein disulfide isomerase increased the folding rate at least 15-fold, but had no effect on the yield. The folding procedure has also been applied successfully to two mutant AVR9 peptides, (K23A)AVR9 and biotinylated AVR9. We conclude that the 28-residue sequence, without the preprosequence (as present in vivo), contains sufficient information to direct correct folding and disulfide bridge formation in vitro.  (+info)

Sensitization to individual allergens and bronchial responsiveness in the ECRHS. European Community Respiratory Health Survey. (3/180)

Little is known about the relation of bronchial responsiveness (BHR) to sensitization to individual allergens, or its variation between countries. Data were obtained for BHR, specific immunoglobulin E and confounding variables from 11,215 subjects, aged 20-44 yrs at the start of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey, in 34 centres in 15 countries. The relation of BHR to sensitization to cat, house dust mite, timothy grass and Cladosporium was estimated by means of multiple regression for each centre, and combined across centres by random effects meta-analysis, controlling for baseline lung function, height, sex, season of testing, age, smoking and age/sex and age/smoking interactions. BHR was greater, on average, in those sensitized to cat (p=0.023), house dust mite (p<0.001) and timothy grass (p=0.018), but not to Cladosporium (p=0.60), and increased with degree of sensitization (p<0.001). All relations showed heterogeneity between centres, although to a lesser extent in the relation to sensitization to house dust mite. More variation in bronchial responsiveness was explained by sensitization and degree of sensitization to the individual allergens than by atopy defined as any positive test in each centre, but the relative importance of each allergen varied. The use of atopy as a single variable in relation to bronchial hyperresponsiveness may be misleading.  (+info)

Agroinfiltration is a versatile tool that facilitates comparative analyses of Avr9/Cf-9-induced and Avr4/Cf-4-induced necrosis. (4/180)

The avirulence genes Avr9 and Avr4 from the fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum encode extracellular proteins that elicit a hypersensitive response when injected into leaves of tomato plants carrying the matching resistance genes, Cf-9 and Cf-4, respectively. We successfully expressed both Avr9 and Avr4 genes in tobacco with the Agrobacterium tumefaciens transient transformation assay (agroinfiltration). In addition, we expressed the matching resistance genes, Cf-9 and Cf-4, through agroinfiltration. By combining transient Cf gene expression with either transgenic plants expressing one of the gene partners, Potato virus X (PVX)-mediated Avr gene expression, or elicitor injections, we demonstrated that agroinfiltration is a reliable and versatile tool to study Avr/Cf-mediated recognition. Significantly, agroinfiltration can be used to quantify and compare Avr/Cf-induced responses. Comparison of different Avr/Cf-interactions within one tobacco leaf showed that Avr9/Cf-9-induced necrosis developed slower than necrosis induced by Avr4/Cf-4. Quantitative analysis demonstrated that this temporal difference was due to a difference in Avr gene activities. Transient expression of matching Avr/Cf gene pairs in a number of plant families indicated that the signal transduction pathway required for Avr/Cf-induced responses is conserved within solanaceous species. Most non-solanaceous species did not develop specific Avr/Cf-induced responses. However, co-expression of the Avr4/Cf-4 gene pair in lettuce resulted in necrosis, providing the first proof that a resistance (R) gene can function in a different plant family.  (+info)

Humoral immune response in chromoblastomycosis during and after therapy. (5/180)

A longitudinal study was carried out in Madagascar, the most important focus of chromoblastomycosis (P. Esterre, A. Andriantsimahavandy, E. Ramarcel, and J. L. Pecarrere, Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 55:45-47, 1996), to investigate natural immunity to this disease. Sequential blood samples were obtained before, during, and at the end of a successful therapeutic trial with terbinafine, a new antifungal drug. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblot methods, detailed analyses of antibody concentration and antigen mapping were conducted for 136 serum samples and tentatively correlated to epidemiological and pathobiological data. Two different cytoplasmic antigens, corresponding to the two fungal species involved (Fonsecaea pedrosoi and Cladophialophora carrionii), were used to analyze the distribution of different classes of immunoglobulins. This was done with respect to the origin of the isolates, clinical and pathobiological. Although strong individual variations were noticed, some major antigens (one of 18.5 kDa specific for F. pedrosoi and two of 23.5 and 33 kDa, respectively, specific for C. carrionii) corresponded to high antibody prevalence and concentration. As some antigenic components were also detected by immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgA antibodies, the role that these specific antibodies could play in the immune response is discussed.  (+info)

Biological screening of Brazilian medicinal plants. (6/180)

In this study, we screened sixty medicinal plant species from the Brazilian savanna ("cerrado") that could contain useful compounds for the control of tropical diseases. The plant selection was based on existing ethnobotanic information and interviews with local healers. Plant extracts were screened for: (a) molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata, (b) toxicity to brine shrimp (Artemia salina L.), (c) antifungal activity in the bioautographic assay with Cladosporium sphaerospermum and (d) antibacterial activity in the agar diffusion assay against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Forty-two species afforded extracts that showed some degree of activity in one or more of these bioassays.  (+info)

Growth and toxin production by Clostridium botulinum in moldy tomato juice. (7/180)

Tomato juice inoculated with Cladosporium sp. or Penicillium sp. developed pH gradients with the upper portions near the mold mats having pH values near neutrality and the lower portions remaining more acid. Clostridium botulinum spores in these moldy tomato juices germinated, grew out, and produced toxin.  (+info)

Identification of two highly divergent catalase genes in the fungal tomato pathogen, Cladosporium fulvum. (8/180)

Catalases of pathogenic micro-organisms have attracted attention as potential virulence factors. Homology-based screens were performed to identify catalase genes in the fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. Two highly divergent genes, Cat1 and Cat2, were isolated and characterized. Cat1 codes for a putative 566-amino-acid catalase subunit and belongs to the gene family that also encodes the mainly peroxisome-localized catalases of animal and yeast species. Cat2 codes for a putative catalase subunit of 745 amino acids and belongs to a different gene family coding for the large-subunit catalases similar to ones found in bacteria and filamentous fungi. Neither catalase had an obvious secretory signal sequence. A search for an extracellular catalase was unproductive. The Cat1 and Cat2 genes showed differential expression, with the Cat1 mRNA preferentially accumulating in spores and the Cat2 mRNA preferentially accumulating in response to external H(2)O(2). With Cat2-deleted strains, activity of the Cat2 gene product (CAT2) was identified among four proteins with catalase activity separated on non-denaturing gels. The CAT2 activity represented a minor fraction of the catalase activity in spores and H(2)O(2)-stressed mycelium, and no phenotype was observed for Cat2-deleted strains, which showed a normal response to H(2)O(2) treatment. These results indicate the existence of a complex catalase system in C. fulvum, with regard to both the structure and regulation of the genes involved. In addition, efficient C. fulvum gene-replacement technology has been established.  (+info)

We sequenced and compared the genomes of the Dothideomycete fungal plant pathogens Cladosporium fulvum (Cfu) (syn. Passalora fulva) and Dothistroma septosporum (Dse) that are closely related phylogenetically, but have different lifestyles and hosts. Although both fungi grow extracellularly in close contact with host mesophyll cells, Cfu is a biotroph infecting tomato, while Dse is a hemibiotroph infecting pine. The genomes of these fungi have a similar set of genes (70% of gene content in both genomes are homologs), but differ significantly in size (Cfu ,61.1-Mb; Dse 31.2-Mb), which is mainly due to the difference in repeat content (47.2% in Cfu versus 3.2% in Dse). Recent adaptation to different lifestyles and hosts is suggested by diverged sets of genes. Cfu contains an alpha-tomatinase gene that we predict might be required for detoxification of tomatine, while this gene is absent in Dse. Many genes encoding secreted proteins are unique to each species and the repeat-rich areas in Cfu are ...
Keywords: biocontrol agent, Cladosporium cladosporioides, fungal growth, insect cuticle, enzyme assay, IPMIntroduction The entomopathogenic fungus, Cladosporium cladosporioides is an important natural enemy of arthropods capable of infecting them directly through the integument (Shahid et al. 2012). Some Cladosporium species are efficient as biological insecticides, particularly against insects that have developed resistance to chemical insecticides (Abdel-Baky and Abdel-Salam 2003). It is well known that the entomopathogenic fungus is effective against a wide spectrum of insect pests and is commonly utilized in integrated pest management (IPM) as well as biological control programs (Bedini et al. 2018). By combining the entomopathogenic fungus with botanicals increase efficiency and accelerate the insect mortality (Asi et al. 2010; Serebrov et al. 2005; Purwar and Sachan 2006; Islam et al. 2010a, b). The appropriate use of entomopathogenic fungus and botanicals can play a significant role in ...
The tomato Cf-9 gene confers resistance to infection by races of the fungus Cladosporium fulvum that carry the avirulence gene Avr9. The Cf-9 gene was isolated by transposon tagging with the maize transposable element Dissociation. The DNA sequence of Cf-9 encodes a putative membrane-anchored extracytoplasmic glycoprotein. The predicted protein shows homology to the receptor domain of several receptor-like protein kinases in Arabidopsis, to antifungal polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins in plants, and to other members of the leucine-rich repeat family of proteins. This structure is consistent with that of a receptor that could bind Avr9 peptide and activate plant defense. ...
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of the common environmental and allergenic mould (Cladosporium sp.); fungal hyphae producing spores. Also known as Hormodendrum sp. This specimen was found on the inner surface of a buildings air supply duct. This genus is the most common outdoor airborne mould but may occur in homes. It is an allergenic mould producing over 10 different types of antigens. The spores are easily made airborne and are a common cause of respiratory problems. It is frequently found at elevated levels in water-damaged environments. The genus Cladosporium includes over 30 species. Cladosporium can cause mycosis and extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include oedema and bronchospasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema Cladosporium spp. can also be associated with the spoilage of refrigerated meats. Magnification: x340 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C037/0677
During tomato leaf colonization, the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum secretes several effector proteins into the apoplast. Eight effectors have previously been characterized and show no significant homology to each other or to other fungal genes. To discover novel C. fulvum effectors that might play a role in virulence, we utilized two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) to visualize proteins secreted during C. fulvum-tomato interactions. Three novel C. fulvum proteins were identified: CfPhiA, Ecp6 and Ecp7. CfPhiA shows homology to proteins found on fungal sporogenous cells called phialides. Ecp6 contains lysin motifs (LysM domains) that are recognized as carbohydrate-binding modules. Ecp7 encodes a small, cysteine-rich protein with no homology to known proteins. Heterologous expression of Ecp6 significantly increased the virulence of the vascular pathogen Fusarium oxysporum on tomato. Furthermore, by RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated gene silencing we demonstrate that ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of the common environmental and allergenic mould (Cladosporium sp.); fungal hyphae producing spores. This genus is the most common airborne mould. Also known as Hormodendrum sp. This specimen was found on the inner surface of a buildings air supply duct. This genus is the most common outdoor airborne mould but may occur in homes. It is an allergenic mould producing over 10 different types of antigens. The spores are easily made airborne and are a common cause of respiratory problems. It is frequently found at elevated levels in water-damaged environments. Cladosporium can cause mycosis and extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include oedema and bronchospasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema Cladosporium spp. can also be associated with the spoilage of refrigerated meats. Magnification: x340 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/3032
Selenium and silver have unique properties and great potential in the field of physics, chemistry and biology. The bacterial strain Pseudomonas fluorescens was isolated by using KingsB media and Cladosporium sp. was isolated by using potato dextrose agar for soil sample collected from Andhra Pradesh coal field of Singareni. Rapid formation of stable silver and selenium nanoparticles (AgNPs; SeNPs) were observed on exposure of the microbial culture with solution of silver nitrate and sodium selenite. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Further, the biologically synthesized nanoparticles were found to have efficient antimicrobial activity against pathogenic bacteria, thus implying significance of the present study in production of biomedical products. AgNPs synthesized by P. fluorescens showed more antimicrobial activity than Cladosporium sp. As the AgNPs are much smaller in size, they showed effective ...
In total 993 names assigned to Cladosporium s. l., includingHeterosporium (854 in Cladosporium and 139 in Heterosporium) aretreated, of which 169 are recognized in Cladosporium s. str. Historicaloverview/ Generic concept and circumscription of Cladosporium based onmorphology and phylogeetic data/ Morphotaxonomy of Cladosporium s. str./Species concept/ Biology, ecology and distribution/ Materials andmethods/ Keys/ Results (Phylogenetic analysis/ Alphabetical list oftrue Cladosporium species) Excluded species ofCladosporium s. str./ Uncertain and doubtful species of Cladosporium s.lat./ References/ Index of fungal names / Index to hosts and substrates ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Dissecting the role of Cladosporium fulvum (secreted) proteases and protease inhibitors. AU - Karimi Jashni, M.. AU - Mehrabi, R.. AU - van den Burg, H.A.. AU - de Wit, P.J.G.M.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - In order to facilitate infection, fungal pathogens produce various types of secreted proteases likely to target and perturb important plant proteins that are involved in controlling basal defense. In addition, they secrete several protease inhibitors such as Avr9 of Cladosporium fulvum that, based on its structure, is predicted to be a carboxy peptidase inhibitor. Protease inhibitors are potentially able to deactivate or detoxify host target proteases and, therefore, might play an important role during infection. In this study we are investigating the role of C. fulvum protease and protease inhibitors in disease establishment by using both functional genomics and biochemical approaches. We mined the genome of C. fulvum and found numerous proteases and protease inhibitors of ...
Important findings The results showed that all endophytes significantly reduced the growth of pathogens fungi in vitro, and N. sibiricums had the strongest effect: its bacteriostasis rate to Curvularia lunata, B. sorokiniana and Cladosporium sp. were 47.8%, 40.1% and 39.4%, respectively. Culture filtration of three endophytes also effectively reduced pathogen spore germination, in which N. gansuensis showed the strongest impact. The germination rates of Curvularia lunata, B. sorokiniana and Cladosporium sp. were only 9.8%, 8.7% and 8.5%, respectively. Neotyphodium sibiricum and N. gansuensis could reduce lesion number and spore concentration of detached host leaves after the pathogens inoculation. Epichloë gansuensis reduced lesion number of detached leaves after inoculation with Curvularia lunata and Cladosporium sp., and decreased spore concentration of the pathogens fungi of Cladosporium sp. In the intact leaves, three endophytes reduced lesion number, lesion length and spore concentration ...
Bensch, K., J. Z. Groenewald, J. Dijksterhuis, M. Starink - Willemse, a. oth.: Species and ecological diversity within the Cladosporium cladosporioides complex (Davidiellaceae, Capnodiales). 2010. (Studies in Mycology, 67). illus. 96 p. 4to. Paper bd.(99354) 79.18 ...
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Cf resistance genes confer hypersensitive response (HR)-associated resistance to strains of the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum that express the matching avirulence (Avr) gene. Previously, we identified an Avr4-responsive tomato (ART) gene that is required for Cf-4/Avr4-induced HR in Nicotiana benthamiana as demonstrated by virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS). The gene encodes a CC-NB-LRR type resistance (R) protein analogue that we have designated NRC1 (NB-LRR protein required for HR-associated cell death 1). Here we describe that knock-down of NRC1 in tomato not only affects the Cf-4/Avr4-induced HR but also compromises Cf-4-mediated resistance to C. fulvum. In addition, VIGS using NRC1 in N. benthamiana revealed that this protein is also required for the HR induced by the R proteins Cf-9, LeEix, Pto, Rx and Mi. Transient expression of NRC1(D481V), which encodes a constitutively active NRC1 mutant protein, triggers an elicitor-independent HR. Subsequently, ...
The molecular cloning of DNA from the telomere of one chromosome of Cladosporium fulvum, a fungal pathogen of tomato, is described. The telomeric DNA exhibits tandem repeats of the sequence TTAGGG running 5 to 3 toward the chromosome end. At least 16 tracts of TTAGGG repeats are present in the C. …
Joosten, M H et al The biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum circumvents Cf-4-mediated resistance by producing unstable AVR4 elicitors.. The Plant Cell 9.3 (1997): 367-379. Web. 19 Sept2020. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Potential role of Alternaria and Cladosporium species in canine lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis. AU - Mercier, E.. AU - Peters, I. R.. AU - Billen, F.. AU - Battaille, G.. AU - Clercx, C.. AU - Day, M. J.. AU - Peeters, D.. PY - 2013/4. Y1 - 2013/4. N2 - Objectives To evaluate the possible role of Alternaria and Cladosporium species in the pathogenesis of canine lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis by comparing the amount of specific fungal DNA in nasal mucosal biopsies between dogs without nasal neoplasia and those with lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis or nasal neoplasia. Methods Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays detecting DNA from Alternaria and Cladosporium fungi were applied to nasal mucosal biopsies collected from dogs with lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis (n=8), dogs with nasal neoplasia (n=10) and control animals (n=10). A copy number for each sample was calculated using a standard curve of known copy number and differences amongst groups were assessed using ...
Plant Disease 96:1071.2-1071.2...Plant Disease 96:1071.2-1071.2...First Report of Cladosporium Leaf Spot of Spinach Caused by Cladosporium variabile in the Winter Spinach Production Region of California and Arizona...
The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between meteorologicalconditions and Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrations in the air of Zagreb in August 2002 andAugust 2003. These months were chosen because they represented climatic extremes. A 7-day VPPS 2000 Hirstvolumetric...
UCN 1028C [calphostin-C], is a potent protein kinase C inhibitor isolated from the fungi Cladosporium cladosporioides. UCN 1028C was undergoing preclinical
3-hydroxy-5,5-dimethoxy-3,4-methylenedioxybiphenyl: structure given in first source; a component of a dichloromethane extract of the roots of Monnina emarginata; displaysactivity against the plant fungus Cladosporium cucumerinum
The study investigated the effect of a Bacillus globisporus strain and produced supernatants on growth of selected plant pathogens, i.e. Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, Cladosporium spp., Trichothecium roseum, Fusarium oxysporum, F. solani, Trichoderma viride, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Verticillium dahliae. The highest fungistatic activity of bacterial cultures was found against R. solani, S. sclerotiorum, B. cinerea and T. roseum, whereas in case of the supernatant, it was found against R. solani and S. sclerotiorum. At identical concentrations, the fungistatic activity of B. globisporus culture appeared stronger than that of the supernatant. No significant effect of bacterial culture concentration in the medium was observed. Growth of Cladosporium spp., V. dahliae, T. viride, and A. alternata was found both after seven and 10 days of the experiment. In case of the supernatant, this situation was observed only for F. oxysporum, after seven days.
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Cladosporium; Spinacia oleracea; agar; atomization; baby vegetables; chloramphenicol; conidia; conidiophores; crops; cultivars; fresh market; fungi; fungicides; greenhouses; hyphae; inoculum; leaf spot; leaves; mycelium; olives; overhead irrigation; pathogenicity; planting; plastic bags; polysorbates; seeds; sodium hypochlorite; spinach; winter; Arizona; ...
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PubMed journal article Antioxidant and in vivo genoprotective effects of phenolic compounds identified from an endophytic Cladosporium velox and their relationship with its host plant Tinospora cordifoli were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
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Two hundred and fifty six attacks of acute bronchial asthma occurring in 169 children aged over 2 years were studied during a two year period. More attacks occurred during spring and autumn than at other times of the year. In 73 patients (29%) a respiratory virus infection was diagnosed, with the same seasonal variation as the asthmatic attacks. Most of the virus infections were caused by rhinovirus (45%) and respiratory syncytial virus (19%). There was no significant correlation between asthmatic attacks in patients with birch pollen, grass pollen, or Cladosporium herbarum allergy and counts of the respective pollen or spores in the air. More seasonal attacks occurred in patients with cladosporium allergy than in patients without cladosporium allergy but there was no seasonal variation among birch or grass pollen allergic patients. Information about exposure to animals was obtained in only 12% of attacks occurring in 121 patients with allergy to animal dander. The single precipitating factor ...
Some plants defend against fungal infection by using the hypersensitive response, in which plant cells at the site of invasion are killed off to retard spread of the infection. The process relies upon an elicitor from the pathogen and a corresponding resistance gene in the plant. When Cladosporium fulvum infects tomato leaves, these two factors do not, however, seem to interact directly. Rooney et al. analyze the function of the plant protease Rcr3 in mediating the defense response. The pathogen avirulence factor, Avr, is secreted extracellularly, where it interacts with the tomato plant Rcr3 protease. Together, this interaction signals to the membrane-bound host resistance factor, Cf-2, to initiate plant defense responses.. H. C. E. Rooney, J. W. van t Klooster, R. A. L. van der Hoorn, M. H. A. J. Joosten, J. D. G. Jones, P. J. G. M. de Wit, Cladosporium Avr2 inhibits tomato Rcr3 protease required for Cf-2-dependent disease resistance. Science 308, 1783-1786 (2005). [Abstract] [Full ...
This study was designed to characterize antifungal volatiles in Streptomyces, to identify new antifungal volatile components and to analyse the genetic effects of these volatile components on fungi. The antifungal test demonstrated that Streptomyces produces antifungal volatiles against a variety of phytopathogenic fungi in different classes. Hora & Baker [14] reported that volatiles of certain Streptomyces strains inhibited growth of Trichoderma viride, Zygorhynchus vuilleminii, Gonatobotrys simplex and Cladosporium sp. The grey mould pathogen B. cinerea is visibly ashy when spores are generated. However, the pathogen on strawberry that was exposed to S4-7 volatiles did not form spores and its growth was inhibited. GC-MS analysis using strains S2, S4-7 and S8 indicated that the three major components are terpenes: geosmin, an unknown sesquiterpene and caryolan-1-ol. In the secondary metabolism analysis of the genome, three terpene synthetic clusters corresponding to the GC-MS analyses were also ...
Microbiological challenge study was carried out to verify the microbial stability of bottled waters against four different mold species isolated from bottled water ( Fusarium sp.; Cladosporium sp.; Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus fumigatus ) and to follow the growth of the molds in bottled water. Twelve types of bottled water with different mineralization and CO 2 level in PET and glass packages were collected from 4 European countries. Three different inoculation levels of spore suspensions were used to contaminate bottled water samples. The surviving colony forming unit (CFU) numbers and visual growth were monitored during the investigation period (26 weeks). The results of surviving CFU showed that the fungal growth is mostly determined by the carbonation level and the type of the mold strain. Neither the inoculation level nor the mineral content had any significant effect on the survival of the different mold strains. Results showed decreased CFU numbers in carbonated waters, while ...
Cladosporium sp. LMG202 internal transcribed spacer 1, partial sequence; 5.8S ribosomal RNA gene and internal transcribed spacer 2, complete sequence; and 28S ribosomal RNA gene, partial ...
Use of monoclonal antibodies to determine biomass of Cladosporium fulvum in infected tomato leaves.: A monoclonal antibody, OX-CH1, was raised against surface w
leaf spots brown. Colonies mainly hypophyllous, punctiform, dark brown to almost black. Conidiophores 20-120 µm; conidia in simple or branched chains, verruculose, 3-7 x 7-22 µm, 0-3-septate, olivaceous brown. ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Kathamuthu Gokul Raj, Shanmugam Sambantham, Ramar Manikanadan, Chinnansamy Arulvasu, Mohan Pandi].
The tomato (Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium) resistance protein Cf-9 belongs to a large class of plant proteins with extracytoplasmic Leu-rich repeats (eLRRs). eLRR proteins play key roles in plant defense and development, mainly as receptor-like proteins or receptor-like kinases, conferring recognition of various pathogen molecules and plant hormones. We report here a large-scale structure-function analysis of an eLRR protein. A total of 66 site-directed mutants of Cf-9 were analyzed for activity in Avr9 recognition and for protein stability and the results interpreted with the help of a homology model of the Cf-9 structure. Conserved Trp and Cys pairs in the N-terminal LRR-flanking domain appear to be important for Cf-9 activity and are probably exposed at the putative concave inner surface of the Cf-9 protein, where recognition specificity also resides. Removal of each of the 22 putative N-linked glycosylation sites (PGS) revealed that many PGSs contribute to Cf-9 activity and that the PGSs in the
Mold is something everyone deals with; whether its from day old bread in your kitchen cabinet to mold found in your basement or bathroom from moisture. These fungi come in tens of thousands of different species and are can be harmful to some people as they can cause several different health effects.. While exposure to mold can cause symptoms like eye irritation, nasal stuffiness or skin irritation, one of the parts of the body that can be the most affected from mold is actually the lungs.. As one of the primary organs in the body, the lungs are critical to the respiratory system in the human body and are a vital organ for everyday living. From Cladosporium to Aspergillus, those types of mold fungus can cause upper respiratory tract infections to individuals who have touched or inhaled mold or mold spores. However, its not just touching or inhaling that causes issues.. Those affected are individuals who have a weakened immune system during contact. That includes those who are suffering from ...
The French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) has developed a new on line mass spectrometry method to detect atmospheric fungal spores (Sarda Esteve et al., AAAR 2013) under the Bio Chemical Collectors (BCC) research project. This method has been compared with a traditional method from the National Network of Survey for Airborne contaminants (RNSA) to identify Cladosporium events and has shown good agreement with microscopy techniques. Real-time measurements of bio-aerosols using light-induced fluorescence (LIF) techniques have also been performed widely, both for bio-aerosol quantification and to support ice nucleation studies (e.g. Despres et al., 2012). Recent work has sought to better understand the variability in observed fluorescence recorded using LIF instruments (Huffman et al., 2013, OConnor et al., 2014). Novel data analysis methods are also required to effectively interpret the datasets produced by such instruments, which can exhibit high dimensionality. Robinson et al., (2013) successfully
First, however, I had to make Halloween treats for the school bash tomorrow. This task has been complicated by the need to make the treats relevant to my daughters recent project on Canadas trading partners (exciting, eh?). Her chosen (or allocated, not sure which) country was China, so we spent some time the other night doing internet research to try and work out whether there was a Chinese treat that we could easily make and that would keep for 24 hours ...
This is a great thread and Im excited to get to share my opinion. Although Ive recently generated some metagenomic data, Ive spent the last several years intensely analyzing Sanger-sequenced ITS and other rDNA sequences from two large collections of true fungi and one large collection of plant-associated oomycetes. I believe there are two major issues with the ITS as a barcode that are largely overlooked. The first is that there are a large number of extremely important genera of fungi that contain species with identical ITS haplotypes. This is very common in genera such as Cladosporium, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Penicillium, Aspergillus, Ustilago and Phytophthora, but (in my experience) best illustrated within Alternaria, where more than one subgeneric clade share an identical ITS haplotype, which has 1000s of GenBank entries. This issue may not be as important when metagenomic data are limited to familial or generic groupings, but UNITE doesnt seem to have a solution for this as far as I can ...
Cladosporium; Spinacia oleracea; agar; atomization; baby vegetables; chloramphenicol; conidia; conidiophores; crops; cultivars; fresh market; fungi; fungicides; greenhouses; hyphae; inoculum; leaf spot; leaves; mycelium; olives; overhead irrigation; pathogenicity; planting; plastic bags; polysorbates; seeds; sodium hypochlorite; spinach; winter; Arizona; ...
U radu je ispitan stupanj mikrobiološkog onečišćenja dehidriranih namirnica: krušnih mrvica i Bake Rolls snack proizvoda. Mikrobiološki je analizirano 40 uzoraka: 20 uzoraka krušnih mrvica i 20 uzoraka Bake Rolls snack proizvoda. U uzorcima je ispitan broj aerobnih mezofilnih bakterija, aerobnih sporogenih bakterija, bakterija porodice Enterobacteriaceae i plijesni. Pored mikrobioloških analiza, u uzorcima su ispitani aktivitet vode i stupanj kiselosti. Srednja vrijednost aerobnih mezofilnih bakterija u uzorcima krušnih mrvica je log10 2,7/g, a u Bake Roll proizvodima log10 3,25/g. Prosječni broj aerobnih sporogenih bakterija u uzorcima krušnih mrvica je log10 2,25/g, a u uzorcima Bake Rolls proizvoda log10 2,5/g. Bakterije porodice Enterobacteriaceae nisu pronađene niti u jednom uzorku. U uzorcima krušnih mrvica prevladavale su plijesni roda Aspergillus (86,69 %). U uzorcima Bake Rolls proizvoda pronađene su vrste rodova Aspergillus (75,86 %) i Cladosporium (24,14%). A. flavus je ...
Ability, Body Fluids, Cerebrospinal Fluid, Cladosporium, Culture, Diagnostic Test, DNA, Fungal DNA, Health, Infection, Infections, Injections, Methylprednisolone, Patient, Patients, PCR, Persons, Public Health, Report, Role
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Now, when I sat down to write this post and began to think over his answer to my question, I realized that the truly noteworthy response didnt come from me pressing him for rose growing tips. The core of his success with roses, and in plants in general, comes not from any liberal application of compost, leaf mold or fertilizer, they help for sure, but what it really comes from is the love and attention he lavishes on his garden ...
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Hi, As so many posts seem to be about people having USART problems because they miscalculated the UBRR value I wrote this helper .h file for C programs that e
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Bioactive derivatives obtained from lecanoric acid, a constituent of the lichen Parmotrema tinctorum (Nyl.) Hale (Parmeliaceae). Alcir Teixeira GomesI; Neli K. HondaI, * * [email protected] ; Fernanda Mesquita RoeseI; Rozanna M. MuzziI; Maria Rita MarquesII. IDepartamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, 79070-900, Campo Grande, MS IIDepartamento de Morfofisiologia, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. ABSTRACT With the aim of obtaining new compounds with potential antifungal activity, lecanoric acid, a chemical constituent of the lichen Parmotrema tinctorum and its derivatives prepared from structural modification were tested against the fungus Cladosporium sphaerospermum, by employing the bioautographic method. Activity of the derivatives ranged from 10- to 1-μg concentrations. Results demonstrated this series of compounds to have potent fungitoxic activity.. Full text available only in PDF format. Texto completo disponível apenas em ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chromoblastomycosis by Cladophialophora carrionii associated with squamous cell carcinoma and review of published reports.. AU - Rojas, OC. AU - González, GM. AU - Moreno-Treviño, M. AU - Salas-Alanis, J. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - Chromoblastomycosis is a subcutaneous, chronic, granulomatous mycosis that occurs more frequently in tropical and subtropical countries. We describe a case of a 63-year-old male patient with diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis by Cladophialophora carrionii with an 18-year evolution who developed a lethal squamous cell carcinoma.. AB - Chromoblastomycosis is a subcutaneous, chronic, granulomatous mycosis that occurs more frequently in tropical and subtropical countries. We describe a case of a 63-year-old male patient with diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis by Cladophialophora carrionii with an 18-year evolution who developed a lethal squamous cell carcinoma.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925461322&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chromoblastomycosis by Cladophialophora carrionii associated with squamous cell carcinoma and review of published reports.. AU - Rojas, OC. AU - González, GM. AU - Moreno-Treviño, M. AU - Salas-Alanis, J. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - Chromoblastomycosis is a subcutaneous, chronic, granulomatous mycosis that occurs more frequently in tropical and subtropical countries. We describe a case of a 63-year-old male patient with diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis by Cladophialophora carrionii with an 18-year evolution who developed a lethal squamous cell carcinoma.. AB - Chromoblastomycosis is a subcutaneous, chronic, granulomatous mycosis that occurs more frequently in tropical and subtropical countries. We describe a case of a 63-year-old male patient with diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis by Cladophialophora carrionii with an 18-year evolution who developed a lethal squamous cell carcinoma.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925461322&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - ...
Abstract: In the present study, herbicidal activity of culture filtrates of nine phytopathogenic fungi, namely, Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl., Drechslera australiensis (Bugnicourt) Subramanian & Jain, Drechslera hawaiiensis (Curtis and Cooke) Shoemaker, Drechslera biseptata (Saccardo & Roumeguere) Richardson & Fraser., Drechslera rostrata (Drechsler) Ricardson & Fraser, Fusarium oxysporum (Massey) Synd. & Hans., Fusarium solani (Martius) Saccardo., Monilia stophila (Montagne) and Cladosporium sp. (Grey) de Hoff, was evaluated against parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.). In laboratory bioassays, the effect of original (100%) as well as lower concentrations (75, 50 and 25%) of these cultural filtrates was studied on germination and early seedling growth of parthenium. Cultural filtrates of different concentrations of A. alternata, Cladosporium sp. and D. rostrata significantly suppressed the germination of parthenium seeds by 70-90, 13-73 and 27-50%, respectively. Cultural filtrates ...
systems, such as azole antifungals and macrolide. comparison was between E20 and L10 groups; if this was significant, then comparisons of E10 to L10 groups.Determination of the Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of the Essential Oil of Artemisia dracunculusand of the Antifungal and Antibacterial Activities of.However, in comparison with the controls, the chitosan. Antifungal activity of chitosan in Cladosporium cladosporioides isolated from safflower.Comparison of biofilms formed by Candida albicans and Candida. R. Danesi, M. Campa, M. Del Tacca, S. Kelly, 2002. Molecular basis of resistance to azole antifungals.. azole antifungals, such as itraconazole and flucona- zole, have a better safety profile. Another antifungal agent is terbinafine, an ally- lamine. 7.NF- Bsignalingpathwaysinmammalian andinsectinnateimmunity. the Toll/antifungal pathway leads to the activation of. Comparison of the Drosophila and mammalian innate.Canadian by diflucan - buy canada in propecia Low Price ...
The level of microbiological contamination with yeasts and moulds in samples of goat milk collected in spring, summer and autumn season was evaluated. Yeasts are present in a larger number in the analyzed goat milk with values between 1.9-3.42 log CFU/ml, contrast to molds that had a range of mean values between 1.47-3.02 log CFU/ml. Of the milk samples were isolated mould strains belonged to genera: Cladosporium sp., Fusarium sp., Penicillium sp. and yeasts genera as Kluyveromyces sp., Rhodotorula sp., Cryptococcus sp. The outcome of this study indicate mycotic contamination of goat milk that can pose serious health risk to consumers ...
The level of microbiological contamination with yeasts and moulds in samples of goat milk collected in spring, summer and autumn season was evaluated. Yeasts are present in a larger number in the analyzed goat milk with values between 1.9-3.42 log CFU/ml, contrast to molds that had a range of mean values between 1.47-3.02 log CFU/ml. Of the milk samples were isolated mould strains belonged to genera: Cladosporium sp., Fusarium sp., Penicillium sp. and yeasts genera as Kluyveromyces sp., Rhodotorula sp., Cryptococcus sp. The outcome of this study indicate mycotic contamination of goat milk that can pose serious health risk to consumers ...
Indoor air can be an important vehicle for a variety of human pathogens. This review provides examples of airborne transmission of infectious agents from experimental and field studies and discusses how airborne pathogens can contaminate other parts of the environment to give rise to secondary vehicles leading air-surface-air nexus with possible transmission to susceptible hosts. The following groups of human pathogens are covered because of their known or potential airborne spread: vegetative bacteria (staphylococci and legionellae), fungi (Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Cladosporium spp and Stachybotrys chartarum), enteric viruses (noro- and rotaviruses), respiratory viruses (influenza and coronaviruses), mycobacteria (tuberculous and nontuberculous), and bacterial spore formers (Clostridium difficile and Bacillus anthracis). An overview of methods for experimentally generating and recovering airborne human pathogens is included, along with a discussion of factors that influence microbial ...
This is an inhalant panel measuring IgE. The following allergens are included in the panel: Bahia grass Bermuda grass Fescue, Meadow Johnson grass Bluegrass, Kentucky Rye, Perennial grass Timothy grass Alternaria tenuis (mold) Cladosporium herbarum (mold) Mucor racemosus (mold) Fasting. ...
Epithelial cells line the interior of many organs, therefore a better understanding of how these cells are maintained could offer insights into many human diseases. This work focuses on two aspects of epithelia: cell junctions and the apical Extracellular Matrix (ECM). Epithelial cell junctions consist of conserved junction proteins that connect cells to each other, serve as a barrier, and separate the apical and basal domains of the cells. The specialized apical ECM of epithelial cells serves to protect the cells and interact with the outside environment. The apical ECM is present in many epithelia, but is poorly studied. I have characterized the apical domains of epithelial cells and their junctions in the Caenorhabditis elegans excretory system in order to develop the organ as a model for epithelial development and maintenance. With my colleagues, I studied the development of the epithelial cells of the excretory system, and described roles for Ras and Notch in a biased competition model of cell fate
Mold spores are the reproductive units of the molds you find on your wall cracks, under carpet, ceilings, basements and even anywhere there is excessive moisture. Mold spores becomes a subject to worry about due to there ubiquitous nature. Although dehumidifiers will be of great help, but the best air purifiers for mold spores is…. Read More. ...
Background & Aims: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways which is associated with the triad of cough, wheezing and dyspnea. Allergic asthma is often associated with a personal or family history of allergic diseases and mostly begins at early childhood. Mold is one of the most common irritants of asthma and allergic rhinitis. In the last 20 years there has been 30% increase in the prevalence of moldsrelated asthma. Methods: In this study the prevalence of mold allergy in asthmatic patients of less than 18 years old who refrred to Semnan allergy clinic during 2007-2008 was determined. Skin prick test with standard mold allergens was performed and sensitivity to the most prevalent molds like Alternaria, Penicillium, Aspergillus, cladosporium and mucor was evaluated. Results: From 220 studied subjects, 35% (95% Confidence Interval: 28.7-41.3%) were shown to be sensitive to at least one mold. The prevalence rates of sensitivity to molds were as follow: Alternaria14.5%, Aspergillus 12.7%,
There are several potential ways in which jasmonates could mediate the early response to Xcv. First, JA may not be the active jasmonate mediating the response. We observed increased OPDA accumulation following infection, but the increase was inconsistent. It is possible that another unmeasured oxylipin may be mediating this pathogen response. Recent findings of other groups indicate that OPDA is biologically active (for review, see Blee, 2002). For example, Stintzi et al. (2001) showed that OPDA is sufficient to mount defense responses. Rather than JA alone, it has been proposed that the oxylipin signature is the overall determinant of a stress response (Kramell et al., 2000; Göbel et al., 2002; Howe and Schilmiller, 2002). Alternatively, sensitivity to jasmonates may be heightened following Xcv infection. Alterations in hormone sensitivity following pathogen infection are not unprecedented (Ciardi et al., 2001). In Arabidopsis, the jasmonate-signaling mutant, coi1, exhibits hyperactivation ...
Skin testing for fungal allergy. In 1925, Van Leeuwen and colleagues described a remarkable frequency (50%) of mould skin sensitivity in Dutch asthmatics principally to Mucor, Penicillium and Aspergillus spp[i]. In 1928 both Hansen[ii] in Germany and Jimenez-Diaz[iii] with colleagues reported positive skin tests to crude extracts of fungi.. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey showed 36% of with asthma had one or more positive skin prick tests, defining that person as atopic. Of these, 4.4% were sensitized to Alternaria and 2.3% were sensitised to Cladosporium compared with 21% sensitized to house dust mite, 17% sensitized to grass pollen and 10% sensitized to cat. Fungal sensitisation is much less common than other sensitisations in the general population in Europe, but more common in those with severe asthma.. Commercial skin tests include kits from Bencard, Thermo Scientific (previously Phadia), Stallergenesand Allergopharma. Watch a video on how to perform skin prick testing ...
Digestive disorders, from gut discomfort to inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and cancer, are rising in many countries. Research and clinical studies on the interaction of gut microbiota and digestive health, are providing stimulating data. However, their connection is not fully understood and gut fungi have recently been suggested to play a role as well.. A study carried out by Chehoud and co-workers showed that patients with IBD (Crohns disease or ulcerative colitis) had lower bacterial diversity and characteristic fungal communities. The researchers analysed stool samples of IBD paediatric patients compared to healthy subjects. Bacterial, archaeal and fungal communities were analysed by sequencing of rRNA gene segments. The results pointed out a difference in fungi. Candida taxa were significantly more abundant in patients with IBD, whereas Cladosporium was more abundant in healthy subjects. It also confirmed the lower microbial diversity in IBS patients. No difference was reported in ...
WEBVTT HALEY: I KNOW YOU ARE A BIGALLERGY SUFFERER AND I CANTSTOP SEIZING TODAY -- SNEEZINGTODAY.BRYAN BUSBY HAS THE FIRST ALERT.BRYAN: I THINK THE MOLD COUNTWILL COME DOWN BECAUSE WE WILLNOT SEE RAIN ANYTIME SOON.GRASS AND POLLEN STILL HIGH.THE NOSES ARE KIND OF ITCHY.THE CLADOSPORIUM MODERATE.WE ARE DRYING OUT FOR THE NEXTSEVERAL DAYS.SKY CAST WILL BE IN THE YELLOWTOMORROW SO NOT TOTALLY CLEARAIR QUALITY.IT WILL RISE A LITTLE BIT AS WEGET BACK TO THE HEAT ANDHUMIDITY.RIGHT NOW, NOT AN OZONE ALERT.MOSTLY CLEAR SKIES.HIGH-LEVEL GROUTING US --CLOUDINESS.STILL PRETTY REFRESHING.CHECK OUT THE FORECAST FOR THENEXT SEVERAL DAYS.I THINK YOU ARE IN GOOD SHAPE TOWASH THE CAR.IT WILL BE A CHANCE OF RAININCREASING NEXT WEEK.WE LOOK AT THE OVERNIGHT LOWS.THESE ARE THE HIGH TEMPERATURES.WARM STUFF NOT COMING INTO THESKIES AT ALL.80S DOWN TOWARD SEDALIA.IT IS CLIMBING UP PRETTY WARM ASWELL.VERY CLOSE TO THE UPPER 70SNEAR 80 DEGREES.IF YOU ARE HEADING TO KAUFFMANSTADIUM, IT LOOKS PRETTY NICE.A FEW ...
CleanBeyond answers a question on InfoFAQ about how their disinfectants kill and remove mold spores with non-carcinogenic chemicals.
TY - JOUR. T1 - TOMATOMICS. T2 - A web database for integrated omics information in tomato. AU - Kudo, Toru. AU - Kobayashi, Masaaki. AU - Terashima, Shin. AU - Katayama, Minami. AU - Ozaki, Soichi. AU - Kanno, Maasa. AU - Saito, Misa. AU - Yokoyama, Koji. AU - Ohyanagi, Hajime. AU - Aoki, Koh. AU - Kubo, Yasutaka. AU - Yano, Kentaro. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) is an important agronomic crop and a major model fruit-producing plant. To facilitate basic and applied research, comprehensive experimental resources and omics information on tomato are available following their development. Mutant lines and cDNA clones from a dwarf cultivar, Micro-Tom, are two of these genetic resources. Large-scale sequencing data for ESTs and full-length cDNAs from Micro-Tom continue to be ...
  I seem to have trouble ever really eradicating these wretched gnats. I mix leaf mold, hot compost heated up by chicken coop cleanings and spent grain,  & my own worm castings from various worm bins I have around.  Does anyone have any thoughts about really reducing the eggs which I have a hunch are capable of great dormancy until conditions are right ?
I started by increasing the depth of the beds by about three to four feet and creating a deep curve. The curve helps catch rain and trap it in a drainage basin for the river birch. It also keeps this area moister. I removed all the sod with a shovel, laid it out to dry so the worms would return to the moister soil underneath, and then shook as much soil as possible from the grass before composting the remaining turf. Almost 40 bags of composted leaf mold were used to fill in the new extension. The hardest part of the redesign was finding plants that would thrive in dry shade but also attract pollinators. Plants that attract and support wildlife are marked with an asterisk. ...
Molds are usually not a problem indoors, unless mold spores land on a wet or damp spot and begin growing. Molds have the potential to cause health problems. Molds produce allergens, irritants, and in some cases, potentially toxic substances. Inhaling or touching mold or mold spores may cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Allergic responses include hay fever-type symptoms, such as sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, and skin rash (dermatitis). Allergic reactions to mold are common. They can be immediate or delayed. Molds can also cause asthma attacks in people with asthma who are allergic to mold.. The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, you should clean up the mold promptly and fix the water problem. If you clean up the mold, but dont fix the water problem, most likely, the mold problem will come back.. ...
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The material is treated with BIO-PRUF antimicrobial additive to inhibit the growth of microorganisms. This not only leads to a stretch ceiling film that is both, mildew and odor-resistant, but the adesive also acts as a presevative. It protects the material surface as it resists deterioration by mold fungus as well as discoloration by mold or mildew.. ...
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Cladosporium". Trans Kansas Acad 62:200-207. 1959. Luttrell ES, Rogerson CT. "Homothallism in an undescribed Cochliobolus and ...
Cladosporium sp. and Drechslera sp. Indications existed as well with respect to the role of organic matters in drinking water. ...
The genus Cladosporium was first discovered in 1816, several human pathogenic species belonging to Cladosporium are now ... Bensch, K; Braun, U; Groenewald, J.Z; Crous, P.W (2012). "The genus Cladosporium". Study Mycol. 72 (1): 1-401. doi:10.3114/ ... J.A von Arx, a Dutch mycologist, for his efforts in classify the genus Cladosporium. The genus Cladophialophora currently ... The fungus was considered to be of the genus Cladosporium. ... physiology and taxonomy of human-pathogenic Cladosporium- ...
... and Cladosporium sp. However, some insecticidal activity has been shown in one study, possibly showing some use as an ...
1906 Cladosporium punctulatum var. xylogenum Fairm. 1922 Cladosporium vincae Fairm. 1911 Clasterosporium larviforme Fairm. 1922 ...
Rodríguez-Rajo FJ, Iglesias I, Jato V (April 2005). "Variation assessment of airborne Alternaria and Cladosporium spores at ... Peternel R, Culig J, Hrga I (2004). "Atmospheric concentrations of Cladosporium spp. and Alternaria spp. spores in Zagreb ( ...
Cross-reactivity was found to exist with Alternaria alternata, Curvularia lunata, Cladosporium herbarum, and Penicillium ... "Epicoccum nigrum and Cladosporium sp. for the treatment of oily effluent in an air-lift reactor". Brazilian Journal of ...
monosporus, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Nigrospora sp., Pestalotiopsis versicolor, and Taxomyces andreanae. However, there ... Cladosporium cladosporioides MD2, Metarhizium anisopliae, Aspergillus candidus MD3, Mucor rouxianus, Chaetomella raphigera, ...
on Panax simplex) Cladosporium herbarum (Pers.) Link (on Carex adpressa) Aylographum bromi Berk. (on Bromus antarcticus) ...
doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.224.3.3. Crous, P.W.; Braun, U.; Schubert, K.; Groenewald, J.Z. (2007). "Delimiting Cladosporium from ...
Cladosporium fulvum secondary/opportunistic fruit rot (Penicillium sp.) seedling dieback (Perisporium sp.) leaf spot ( ...
The blastoconidia of Cladosporium herbarum and Torula herbarum". Canadian Journal of Botany. 51 (6): 1089-1091. doi:10.1139/b73 ...
Bacterial and fungal degradation was detected in four samples of marble from Milan cathedral; black Cladosporium attacked dried ...
Cladosporium effusum and Cladosporium caryigenum commonly associated with the fungus. Venturia effusa has a narrow host range, ... Gottwald, T. R. (1982). "Taxonomy of the pecan scab fungus Cladosporium caryigenum". Mycologia. 74 (3): 382-390. doi:10.2307/ ... Demaree, J. B. (1928). "Morphology and taxonomy of the pecan-scab fungus, Cladosporium effusum Wint". USDA Agricultural ... "Effect of inoculation with Cladosporium carygenum on pecan scab development and nut quality" (PDF). Phytopathology. 73 (5): 714 ...
Conidia vary in length (1.5-3.0 × 2.0-7.5 µm). Its long conidiophores are similar to the genus Cladosporium, which comes from ... The genus Cladophialophora is distinguished from Cladosporium because in addition to chains of conidia, members of the genus ... Honbo, S.; Padhye, A.A.; Ajello, L. (1984). "The relationship of Cladosporium carrionii to Cladophialophora ajelloi". ... "Nutritional physiology and taxonomy of human-pathogenic Cladosporium-Xylohypha species". Journal of Medical & Veterinary ...
"Development of Cladosporium caryigenum in Pecan leaves" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-15. Cite journal ...
The fungi were Penicillium decumbens, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Alternaria sp. and Tilletiopsis albescens. Out of the 12 ...
One of such antagonists is Cladosporium cladosporioides (strain H39). This antagonistic fungus has demonstrated significant ... "Toward an Integrated Use of Biological Control by Cladosporium cladosporioides H39 in Apple Scab (Venturia inaequalis) ...
Cladosporium rot or Soft rot caused by Cladosporium cladosporioides; Kernel rot or Fusariosis on maize (corn) caused by ...
"Biochemistry of lipolytic enzymes secreted by Penicillium solitumand Cladosporium cladosporioides". Bioscience, Biotechnology, ...
Pleurotus ostreatus, cladosporium, and Calvatia cyathiformis are significant airborne spores. Other significant fungal ...
Other species include Humicola brevis, Acremonium strictum, and Cladosporium cladosporioides. This plant is grown to feed ...
A morphologically similar species, Cladosporium trichodes was described by Emmons et al. in 1952. Cladosporium trichodes was ... In 1960, the fungus was reclassified by Borelli as Cladosporium bantianum. ... "Nutritional physiology and taxonomy of human-pathogenic Cladosporium-Xylohypha species". Medical Mycology. 33 (5): 339. doi: ...
... , formerly Cladosporium gynoxidicola is a species of anamorphic fungi. Belonging to the Stenella genus, ...
P. guttata is a host for the fungicolous hyphomycete Cladosporium uredinicola. Liberato JR. (1997). "Taxonomic notes on two ... Dugan F. (2006). "Phyllactinia guttata is a host for Cladosporium uredinicola in Washington state". North American Fungi: 1-5. ...
This experiment used the radiotrophic strain of the fungi Cladosporium sphaerospermum. The growth of this fungi and its ability ... With a 1.7 mm thick shield of melanized radiotrophic Cladosporium sphaerospermum, measurements of radiation nearing the end of ... Further research conducted at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine showed that three melanin-containing fungi-Cladosporium ...
Several dark molds such as Alternaria alternata, Cladosporium sphaerospermum and C. cladosporioides. Importance of the ...
Some sources equate Hortaea werneckii, Cladosporium werneckii, Exophiala werneckii, and Phaeoannellomyces werneckii. Exophiala ...
... (EC 3.4.23.26, Rhodotorula aspartic proteinase, Cladosporium acid protease, Cladosporium acid proteinase, ... Cladosporium aspartic proteinase, Paecilomyces proteinase, Rhodotorula glutinis aspartic proteinase, Rhodotorula glutinis acid ... crystallization and some enzymatic properties of acid protease of Cladosporium sp. No. 45-2". Agric. Biol. Chem. 36: 1327-1333 ... "Some physicochemical properties and substrate specificity of acid protease isolated from Cladosporium sp. No. 45-2". Agric. ...
It has been shown that certain species of fungus, such as Cryptococcus neoformans and Cladosporium, can actually thrive in a ... Vember, VV; Zhdanova, NN (2001). "Peculiarities of linear growth of the melanin-containing fungi Cladosporium sphaerospermum ...
The genus Cladosporium is very closely related to black yeasts in the order Dothideales. Cladosporium species are often highly ... Cladosporium spores are wind-dispersed and they are often extremely abundant in outdoor air. Indoors Cladosporium species may ... "Cladosporium cladosporioides and Cladosporium pseudocladosporioides as potential new fungal antagonists of Puccinia horiana ... Cladosporium is a genus of fungi including some of the most common indoor and outdoor molds. Species produce olive-green to ...
Cladosporium musae is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Cladosporium speckle on banana and which occurs in most countries in ... Unsuccessful attempts to transfer the Cladosporium pathogen in vitro to healthy banana plants seem to confirm reports that the ... for the causal organism of Cladosporium speckle disease of banana Archived 2013-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, Mycological ...
We take a look at the health effects of the common mold Cladosporium, the associated symptoms it can cause, and some removal ... Cladosporium is not a single species of mold. Rather Cladosporium is a genus of mold that includes more than 40 individual ... Cladosporium appears in clusters of black, yellow, or green spots. The spots spread quickly when not cleaned away. Cladosporium ... There are several ways of treating Cladosporium-induced allergies, including the following:. *limiting Cladosporium exposure by ...
Cladosporium is a common mold that may cause allergic reactions in some people. Learn how to identify and remove this type of ... What is Cladosporium?. Cladosporium is a common mold that may affect your health. It can cause allergies and asthma in some ... Is Cladosporium dangerous for pregnant women?. There is no current research to suggest that Cladosporium is dangerous to a ... Allergies to Cladosporium. Exposure to Cladosporium affects people in different ways. Some people may develop an allergic ...
Cladosporium Projects. Translocation of Cladosporium fulvum effectors in a tomato plant cell. During infection, C. fulvum ... Functional analysis of proteases and protease inhibitors of Cladosporium fulvum. The genome of the leaf mold tomato pathogen C ... Characterization of Cladosporium fulvum secondary metabolome. Analysis of C. fulvum genome showed that it contains many genes ... Identification of Avr1, Avr3, Avr5 and Avr11 avirulence genes from Cladosporium fulvum. Effectors secreted during infection by ...
Cladosporium Projects. Translocation of Cladosporium fulvum effectors in a tomato plant cell. ... Functional analysis of proteases and protease inhibitors of Cladosporium fulvum. The genome of the leaf mold tomato pathogen C ... Characterization of Cladosporium fulvum secondary metabolome. Analysis of C. fulvum genome showed that it contains many genes ... Functional characterization of a Cladosporium fulvum effector library. Effectors secreted during infection by C. fulvum enable ...
minor allergen, ribosomal protein P2 [Cladosporium herbarum] minor allergen, ribosomal protein P2 [Cladosporium herbarum]. gi, ...
Cladosporium IgG,ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research ...
Cladosporium herbarum Basics Laboratory Metabolites Adverse health reactions Specific settings Diagnostic Bibliography Basics ... The Cladosporium genus is one of the most common environmental fungi to be isolated worldwide {813; 1056; 2770}. Of this genus ... It is also important to state that high anti-Cladosporium antibody titre alone is not sufficient to diagnose Cladosporium- ... There are no reported mycotoxins produced by Cladosporium that would be deleterious to humans or animals. CertainCladosporium ...
"Cladosporin, a new antifungal metabolite from Cladosporium cladosporioides.". Scott P.M., Van Walbeek W., MacLean W.M.. J. ... sp,A0A0Y0M151,CLA2_CLACD Highly reducing polyketide synthase cla2 OS=Cladosporium cladosporioides OX=29917 GN=cla2 PE=1 SV=1 ... Cladosporium cladosporioides. ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection"> ...
Control of Cladosporium echinulatum in carnation using bicarbonates and Trichoderma. Control de Cladosporium echinulatum en ... Cladosporium echinulatum, causante de manchas en hojas y flores del clavel en Mérida, Venezuela. Revista Forestal Venezolana 41 ... Numerosas son las enfermedades que afectan su cultivo, siendo Cladosporium echinulatum el agente causal de la mancha foliar ( ... Several diseases affect carnations, among them fairyring leaf spot (Cladosporium echinulatum), the most important foliar ...
1Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical College, Zhanjiang2Department of Dermatology, Dongguan Hospital of Chronic Disease, Dongguan, Guangdong, China. ...
Cladosporium pseudocladosporioides. Jan/14. Palmitos - SC. -27º1200" S,. -53º2210" W. KT991538. 12/7PR. Cladosporium ... against Cladosporium spp. under direct confrontation. First, Cladosporium spp. isolates (6SC, 2/7PR and 16/RS) and the sources ... On Cladosporium spp. isolated from pecan leaf spots. Three Cladosporium spp. isolates and two commercial products based on ... Mycelial growth of Cladosporium spp.. It is possible to observe the time required for the growth of Cladosporium spp. isolates ...
The novel Cladosporium fulvum lysin motif effector Ecp6 is a virulence factor with orthologues in other fungal species. Authors ... Pierre J.G.M. de Wit, Cladosporium fulvum Effectors: Weapons in the Arms Race with Tomato, Annual Review of Phytopathology, ... During tomato leaf colonization, the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum secretes several effector proteins into the apoplast ...
The most common ones include Cladosporium elatum, Cladosporium herbarum, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, and Cladosporium ... Cladosporium appears gray to black or very dark green and can have a powdery appearance. The genus Cladosporium includes over ... Cladosporium is an olive-green or brown colored mold with a suede-like texture. Cladosporium typically causes allergic ... Cladosporium in Mold Types & Images /by Carolyn Willbanks. An allergenic mold type. It is unique in that it can grow in both ...
Cladosporium can cause mycosis and extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include oedema ... Cladosporium sp.); fungal hyphae producing spores. This genus is the most common airborne mould. Also known as Hormodendrum sp ... and bronchospasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema Cladosporium spp. can also be associated with the spoilage of ... Cladosporium can cause mycosis and extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include oedema ...
Cladosporium trichoides) is a black fungus recorded rarely as a cause of brain abscess. Only 21 cases have been reported in the ... Cladophialophora Bantiana (Previously Cladosporium Trichoides): First Report of a Case in Brazil Braz J Infect Dis. 1997 Dec;1( ... Cladophialophora bantiana (Cladosporium trichoides) is a black fungus recorded rarely as a cause of brain abscess. Only 21 ... After biopsy and culture of the lesion, it was found that she had an abscess due to Cladosporium trichoides. During the ...
Fungal taxol extracted from Cladosporium oxysporum induces apoptosis in T47D human breast cancer cell line.. [Kathamuthu Gokul ... study concerns molecular mechanisms involved in induction of apoptosis by a fungal taxol extracted from the fungus Cladosporium ...
Detection of Cladosporium uredinicola in Pustules of Chrysanthemum White Rust (Puccinia horiana). . W. Sheta, USDA, APHIS, PPQ ... Close examination of infected cut flowers showed that some pustules were overgrown by Cladosporium uredincola Speg. ...
Information about Cladosporium, IgE. Search our extensive database of medical/laboratory tests and review in-depth information ...
... journal article Antioxidant and in vivo genoprotective effects of phenolic compounds identified from an endophytic Cladosporium ... AnimalsAntimutagenic AgentsAntioxidantsCHO CellsChromatography, High Pressure LiquidCladosporiumCricetinaeCricetulus ... TY - JOUR T1 - Antioxidant and in vivo genoprotective effects of phenolic compounds identified from an endophytic Cladosporium ... Antioxidant and in vivo genoprotective effects of phenolic compounds identified from an endophytic Cladosporium velox and their ...
CLADOSPORIUM BRUHNEI (UNII: R1786Y8H66) (CLADOSPORIUM BRUHNEI - UNII:R1786Y8H66) CLADOSPORIUM BRUHNEI. 30 [hp_X] in 1 mL. ... niger, cochliobolus spicifer, gibberella fujikuroi, cochliobolus sativus, cladosporium bruhnei, mucor plumbeus, penicillium ... niger, cochliobolus spicifer, gibberella fujikuroi, cochliobolus sativus, cladosporium bruhnei, mucor plumbeus, penicillium ... niger, cochliobolus spicifer, gibberella fujikuroi, cochliobolus sativus, cladosporium bruhnei, mucor plumbeus, penicillium ...
Cladosporium rhododendri. Cladosporium rhododendri Schubert, 2007. on Rhododendron. from Bensch, Braun, Groenewald & Crous ( ...
Cladosporium eriobotryae. Cladosporium eriobotryae Passerini & Beltrani, 1882. on Eriobotrya. from Bensch, Braun, Groenewald & ...
Cladosporium cladosporioides derived from ATCC® 16022™*, SKU: 0537KKWIK-STIK™ 6 PackDETAILS ...
The tomato Cf-9 gene confers resistance to infection by races of the fungus Cladosporium fulvum that carry the avirulence gene ... Isolation of the tomato Cf-9 gene for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum by transposon tagging ... Isolation of the tomato Cf-9 gene for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum by transposon tagging ... Isolation of the tomato Cf-9 gene for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum by transposon tagging ...
Leaf mould caused by Cladosporium fulvum is one of the most widespread tomato disease in greenhouse. The use of resistant ... CERASIFORME TO CLADOSPORIUM FULVUM . Acta Hortic. 960, 77-82. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.960.8. https://doi.org/10.17660/ ...
  • Cladosporium cladosporioides and Cladosporium pseudocladosporioides as potential new fungal antagonists of Puccinia horiana Henn. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand , Cladosporium cladosporioides is found in temperate or northern climates and less in sub-tropical regions. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • One of the diseases recently reported in pecan trees is the leaf spot caused by species of the genus Cladosporium , including C. pseudocladosporioides , C. cladosporioides , and C. subuliforme . (scielo.br)
  • The most common ones include Cladosporium elatum, Cladosporium herbarum, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, and Cladosporium cladosporioides. (mold-help.org)
  • Species and ecological diversity within the Cladosporium cladosporioides complex (Davidiellaceae, Capnodiales). (koeltz.com)
  • Cladosporium cladosporioides was reported to be the most predominant fungus in houses in Ontario and Atlanta and the most abundant fungus in outdoor air. (moldtraining.ca)
  • The psychrophilic lignocellulosic enzymes system of Cladosporium cladosporioides Ch2-2 including ligninase and polysaccharide hydrolases was suitable for selective delignification and efficient saccharification of biomass with wide thermal adaptability. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Abstract Cladosporium cladosporioides is one of the effective biological control agents against insects and mites. (freebyweb.com)
  • Keywords: biocontrol agent, Cladosporium cladosporioides, fungal growth, insect cuticle, enzyme assay, IPMIntroduction The entomopathogenic fungus, Cladosporium cladosporioides is an important natural enemy of arthropods capable of infecting them directly through the integument (Shahid et al. (freebyweb.com)
  • Materials and Methods Biocontrol agent The entomopathogenic fungus, Cladosporium cladosporioides (Davidiellaceae: Capnodiales) (Fresen. (freebyweb.com)
  • Are you experiencing symptoms and suspect that Cladosporium herbarum might be the culprit? (klarify.me)
  • How do you know if Cladosporium herbarum is causing your allergy symptoms or something else? (klarify.me)
  • So, you may be allergic to more than just Cladosporium herbarum. (klarify.me)
  • The Home Allergy Test is a first step to finding out if Cladosporium herbarum might be causing your allergy symptoms. (klarify.me)
  • The allergy test kit is easy to use and super convenient as you can test for Cladosporium herbarum allergy at home. (klarify.me)
  • The test may help you find out if Cladosporium herbarum could be triggering your symptoms. (klarify.me)
  • In allergy, your immune system overreacts to a substance that is otherwise harmless, for example, Cladosporium herbarum. (klarify.me)
  • When you react to Cladosporium herbarum, your immune system sees Cladosporium herbarum as a threat and sets off a chain of reactions in defence. (klarify.me)
  • It produces Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies specific to Cladosporium herbarum in order to try and get rid of it. (klarify.me)
  • By detecting specific IgE in your blood the Home Allergy Test can give an indication of your sensitisation to Cladosporium herbarum and many other allergens. (klarify.me)
  • Your Cladosporium herbarum allergy test results will be available within 2 weeks. (klarify.me)
  • The Cladosporium herbarum allergy test results show the level of specific IgE in your blood and can indicate if you're sensitised to Cladosporium herbarum. (klarify.me)
  • If you have an allergy to Cladosporium herbarum you may experience more than just the typical symptoms of allergies. (klarify.me)
  • Symptoms of Cladosporium herbarum allergy can have an impact on everyday life. (klarify.me)
  • But how do you know if you're allergic to Cladosporium herbarum? (klarify.me)
  • The Home Allergy Test can provide you with a comprehensive view of potential allergies, including a potential allergy to Cladosporium herbarum. (klarify.me)
  • Polystyrene microtiter plates (immulon-2) were obtained from Dynatech (Chantilly, VA). Strains of Alternaria alternata (96154) and Cladosporium herbarum (6506) were obtained from ATCC (Manassas, VA) and allergen containing extract from the same strains was purchased from Greer Laboratories (Lenoir, NC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Depending on the areas where surveys are conducted, sterile mycelia and the fungi of the genera Cladosporium, Penicillium, Alternaria, Epicoccum, Aspergillus, Pullularia, and Drechslera are most commonly encountered. (medscape.com)
  • Cladosporium is a genus of fungi including some of the most common indoor and outdoor molds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several Cladosporium species are known to be hyperparasitic to rust fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dematiaceous fungi Cladosporium species, Bipolaris hawaiiensis , Schizophyllum commune , and members of Scedosporium apiospermum complex are common saprobes in soil, and pathogens of plants and infective propagules can be air transported. (springer.com)
  • To learn more about cladosporium and other genus of fungi best handled by a mold removal specialist, please contact us at Disaster Response Team. (drt911.com)
  • An Cladosporium [1] in uska genus han Fungi . (wikipedia.org)
  • Mouldy core can be caused by a range of different fungi including Alternaria , Stemphylium, Cladosporium , Epicoccum and Fusarium . (ahdb.org.uk)
  • Methods Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays detecting DNA from Alternaria and Cladosporium fungi were applied to nasal mucosal biopsies collected from dogs with lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis (n=8), dogs with nasal neoplasia (n=10) and control animals (n=10). (bris.ac.uk)
  • To address the problem of the nutritional requirements of phyto-pathogenic fungi growing in planta, the environment for the intercellular biotrophic pathogen, Cladosporium fulvum Cooke, of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (edu.au)
  • Cladosporium spores are wind-dispersed and they are often extremely abundant in outdoor air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cladosporium species are present in the human mycobiome but are rarely pathogenic to humans, but have been reported to cause infections of the skin and toenails as well as sinuses and lungs.The airborne spores of Cladosporium species are significant allergens, and in large amounts they can severely affect asthmatics and people with respiratory diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intradiuranal variation in the Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrationswas identical in 2002 and 2003 (lowest in 2-hour interval between 06:00-08:00, and highest between 10:00-12:00).In spite of the three-fold increase in the Cladosporium spore concentration in August 2003, the borderlineconcentration of 3,000 spores/m3 air that is associated with the occurrence of allergic reactions wasonly exceeded on a single day. (aaem.pl)
  • For example, 100 spores/m 3 of air of Alternaria can trigger allergy symptoms whereas 3,000 spores/m 3 of Cladosporium are required to cause allergy symptoms. (moldtraining.ca)
  • Monitoring of Alternaria Ness and Cladosporium Link airborne spores in Lublin(Poland) in 2002. (aaem.pl)
  • Our knowledge of critical spore levels is far from extensive, but studies have suggested that for Alternaria, levels can be as low as 100 spores per cubic meter, while for Cladosporium, it is 3,000 spores per cubic meter. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Many species of Cladosporium are commonly found on living and dead plant material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indoors Cladosporium species may grow on surfaces when moisture is present. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1960s, it was estimated that the genus Cladosporium contained around 500 plant-pathogenic and saprotrophic species, but this number has since been increased to over 772 species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cladosporium species are often highly osmotolerant, growing easily on media containing 10% glucose or 12-17% NaCl. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cladosporium species produce no major mycotoxins of concern, but do produce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) associated with odours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cladosporium is not a single species of mold. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Rather Cladosporium is a genus of mold that includes more than 40 individual species of fungus. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Some species of Cladosporium can grow indoors while others thrive outdoors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most species of Cladosporium do not cause disease in humans. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most species of Cladosporium aren't dangerous to humans. (healthline.com)
  • There are over 500 species of Cladosporium . (healthline.com)
  • Another species of this genus, Cladosporium caryigenum , has been associated with pecan scab, which is the main disease that attacks this crop ( Ortiz & Camargo, 2005 ). (scielo.br)
  • The genus Cladosporium includes over 30 species. (mold-help.org)
  • Over 50% of patients tested in one allergy clinic who had allergy symptoms tested positive from this and other species of Cladosporium. (mold-help.org)
  • Cladosporium species can rarely be cause of cerebral phaeohyphomycoses, while B. hawaiiensis and S. apiospermum shows a marked neurotropism and a high propensity to cause central nervous system ( CNS) infections in healthy and immunocompromised patients. (springer.com)
  • Species concept/ Biology, ecology and distribution/ Materials andmethods/ Keys/ Results (Phylogenetic analysis/ Alphabetical list oftrue Cladosporium species) Excluded species ofCladosporium s. str. (koeltz.com)
  • Uncertain and doubtful species of Cladosporium s.lat. (koeltz.com)
  • The Genus Cladosporium currently has 218 recognized species. (moldtraining.ca)
  • However, it is difficult to identify species of Cladosporium purely on morphological and cultural characteristics. (moldtraining.ca)
  • Currently 46 Cladosporium species frequently found in indoor environment have been fully described and illustrated. (moldtraining.ca)
  • Sixteen of these Cladosporium species are new (i.e., being described for the first time). (moldtraining.ca)
  • Of these 46, Cladosporium halotolerans was the most frequently isolated species indoors followed by C. sphaerospermum, C. pseudocladosporioides and C. allicinum in that order. (moldtraining.ca)
  • Objectives To evaluate the possible role of Alternaria and Cladosporium species in the pathogenesis of canine lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis by comparing the amount of specific fungal DNA in nasal mucosal biopsies between dogs without nasal neoplasia and those with lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis or nasal neoplasia. (bris.ac.uk)
  • 2012). Some Cladosporium species are efficient as biological insecticides, particularly against insects that have developed resistance to chemical insecticides (Abdel-Baky and Abdel-Salam 2003). (freebyweb.com)
  • Multi-system with NDC 55714-4638 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Newton Laboratories, Inc.. The generic name of Multi-system is aspergillus niger, cladosporium, candida albicans, thyroidinum, ustilago maidis, aconitum nap. (ndclist.com)
  • Sinusitis of this kind results from long-term exposure to an allergen, such as Cladosporium , that gets finely dispersed into the air. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Chronic meningitis caused by Cladosporium trichoides. (elsevier.com)
  • Brain abscesses caused by cladosporium trichoides is extremely rare and have a high mortality, even after aggressive treatment. (ispub.com)
  • Cladosporium is a common mold that can affect the inside or outside of a person's home. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, long-term exposure to a large amount of any mold, including Cladosporium , can cause adverse health effects, including allergies and asthma symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cladosporium is a common mold that may affect your health. (healthline.com)
  • Cladosporium can be removed from your home, but it's best to hire professional mold removers for this type of job. (healthline.com)
  • Cladosporium is an olive-green or brown colored mold with a suede-like texture. (mold-help.org)
  • Cladosporium is a dematiaceous (pigmented) mold widely distributed in air and rotten organic material and frequently isolated as a contaminant on foods. (mold-help.org)
  • Leaf mold, caused by the fungus Cladosporium fulvum , is one of the most common diseases affecting tomatoes worldwide. (springer.com)
  • Cladosporium counts can be a tremendous presence and trigger allergic reactions," said Kurlandsky, who also recommends that children who have had a respiratory illness during previous holiday seasons be tested for mold sensitivity. (sheknows.com)
  • Leaf mold, caused by the fungus Cladosporium fulvum, is a serious disease of tomato. (ashs.org)
  • Vroege afweerreacties geinduceerd door AVR9 peptiden van Cladosporium fulvum in transgene Cf9 tabakscelsuspensies. (wur.nl)
  • The tomato Cf-9 gene confers resistance to infection by races of the fungus Cladosporium fulvum that carry the avirulence gene Avr9. (sciencemag.org)
  • A High-Affinity Binding Site for the AVR9 Peptide Elicitor of Cladosporium fulvum Is Present on Plasma Membranes of Tomato and Other Solanaceous Plants. (plantcell.org)
  • The race-specific Cladosporium fulvum peptide elicitor AVR9, which specifically induces a hypersensitive response in tomato genotypes carrying the Cf-9 resistance gene, was labeled with iodine-125 at the N-terminal tyrosine residue and used in binding studies. (plantcell.org)
  • In addition, they secrete several protease inhibitors such as Avr9 of Cladosporium fulvum that, based on its structure, is predicted to be a carboxy peptidase inhibitor. (wur.nl)
  • During tomato leaf colonization, the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum secretes several effector proteins into the apoplast. (wiley.com)
  • The fungus Cladosporium fulvum is a biotrophic pathogen of tomato. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of the study was to analyse the relationship between meteorologicalconditions and Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrations in the air of Zagreb in August 2002 andAugust 2003. (aaem.pl)
  • We investigated removal of environmental allergenic material derived from Alternaria and Cladosporium using sodium hypochlorite in vivo and in vitro. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cladophialophora bantiana (Cladosporium trichoides) is a black fungus recorded rarely as a cause of brain abscess. (nih.gov)
  • After biopsy and culture of the lesion, it was found that she had an abscess due to Cladosporium trichoides. (nih.gov)
  • Our observations show that Cladosporium isolates with high CDH producing ability i.e. isolates No. 10 and No. 18 can be used as selective candidates for large-scale production of this industrially important enzyme in further research programs. (bvsalud.org)
  • Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of the common environmental and allergenic mould (Cladosporium sp. (sciencephoto.com)
  • An Cladosporium in nahilalakip ha familia nga Davidiellaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • During infection, Cladosporium fulvum secretes Avr2 protein into the apoplast of tomato leaves and, in the presence of the extracellular leucine-rich repeat receptor-like Cf-2 protein, triggers a hypersensitive response (HR) that also requires the extracellular tomato cysteine protease Rcr3. (ox.ac.uk)
  • A race-specific peptide elicitor from Cladosporium fulvum induces a hypersensitive response on Cf9 tomato genotypes. (nih.gov)
  • Schubert, K. Metulocladosporiella gen. nov. for the causal organism of Cladosporium speckle disease of banana Archived 2013-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, Mycological Research 110 (2006) 264-275 Photita, W. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cladosporium is a common fungus in indoor and outdoor environment and is one of the most well known cause of allergy in sensitized individuals. (moldtraining.ca)
  • Cladosporium fulvum is a mitosporic ascomycete pathogen of tomato. (edu.au)
  • Other teleomorph genera associated with Cladosporium spp. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • Cladosporium is the genera most frequently encountered in both outdoor and indoor air. (mold-help.org)
  • Fungal taxol extracted from Cladosporium oxysporum induces apoptosis in T47D human breast cancer cell line. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Cladosporium has been shown to be a common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include edema and bronchi spasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema. (mold-help.org)
  • Cladosporium can cause mycosis and extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include oedema and bronchospasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema Cladosporium spp. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Los resultados indicaron que los tratamientos más efectivos en el control de la enfermedad fueron bicarbonato de sodio y Trichoderma virens cepa Sherwood, presentando las mayores tasas de disminución de incidencia (varas enfermas y hojas con lesión) y severidad (lesiones activas por vara). (scielo.cl)
  • En el present estudi es van caracteritzar, morfològica i molecularment, 300 aïllats clínics dels gèneres de fongs oportunistes Acrophialophora, Cladosporium, Microascus, Scopulariopsis i Trichoderma. (tesisenred.net)
  • En el presente estudio se caracterizaron, morfológica y molecularmente, 300 aislados clínicos pertenecientes a los géneros de hongos oportunistas Acrophialophora, Cladosporium, Microascus, Scopulariopsis y Trichoderma. (tesisenred.net)
  • It's possible that exposure to Cladosporium in pregnancy may trigger allergic symptoms or asthma within the mother. (healthline.com)
  • In December 2011, symptoms typical of Cladosporium leaf spot caused by Cladosporium variabile (4) were observed in organic "baby leaf" spinach ( Spinacia oleracea ) crops of the cultivars Amazon, Missouri, Tasman, and Tonga in the Imperial Valley (Imperial County, CA and Yuma County, AZ). (apsnet.org)
  • Another fungal strain (KT29) displayed fungicidal properties against the plant pathogenic fungus Cladosporium cucumerinum Ell. (mdpi.com)
  • Cladosporium is a type of fungus that includes many common indoor and outdoor molds. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Purification, characterization and kinetic properties of extracellular L-asparaginase produced by Cladosporium sp. (cftri.com)
  • In indoor environment, the common members of Cladosporium are also frequently isolated from air, food stuffs, paint, moist window sills, textiles and other organic substrates. (moldtraining.ca)
  • Numerosas son las enfermedades que afectan su cultivo, siendo Cladosporium echinulatum el agente causal de la mancha foliar (mancha anular) más importante en esta especie. (scielo.cl)
  • Twenty strains of Cladosporium isolated from soil samples from different geographical origin were evaluated for CDH-producing ability . (bvsalud.org)
  • Unsuccessful attempts to transfer the Cladosporium pathogen in vitro to healthy banana plants seem to confirm reports that the infection remains latent in otherwise healthy plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cladosporium musae is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Cladosporium speckle on banana and which occurs in most countries in which the fruit is cultivated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The related Dothideomycete fungal plant pathogens Cladosporium fulvum and Dothistroma septosporum both grow in intercellular spaces in close vicinity of mesophyll cells, but have different lifestyles and infect different host plants. (wur.nl)
  • Cladosporium Avr2 inhibits tomato Rcr3 protease required for Cf-2-dependent disease resistance. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Cladosporium typically causes allergic reactions to the eyes, nose, throat and skin. (mold-help.org)
  • Page 79 in: Management of Seedborne Stemphylium botryosum and Cladosporium variabile Causing Leaf Spot of Spinach Seed Crops in Western Washington, MS thesis, Pullman, WA, 2005. (apsnet.org)
  • Race-specific elicitors of Cladosporium fulvum promote translocation of cytosolic components of NADPH oxidase to the plasma membrane of tomato cells. (plantcell.org)
  • Cladosporium fulvum, cause of tomato leaf mould, has been an important genetic model, in that the genetics of host resistance are understood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mould (Cladosporium sp. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Leaf mould caused by Cladosporium fulvum is one of the most widespread tomato disease in greenhouse. (ishs.org)
  • Interstitial lung diseases, phaeohyphomycosis, chromoblastomycosis, allergies, hair loss and scalp infections are all known to be caused by exposure to cladosporium. (drt911.com)
  • Several diseases affect carnations, among them fairyring leaf spot (Cladosporium echinulatum), the most important foliar disease in Chile. (scielo.cl)
  • I n chile, four foliar diseases in carnations have been identified (Latorre, 2004), and fairyring leaf spot, produced by Cladosporium echinulatum (Berk. (scielo.cl)
  • Pecan is susceptible to the occurrence of diseases capable of harming its development, and leaf spot caused by Cladosporium spp is among them. (scielo.br)
  • Considering that the pecan leaf spot ( Cladosporium spp. (scielo.br)
  • Lesions developed into dry, circular spots typical of Cladosporium leaf spot. (apsnet.org)
  • Although Cladosporium leaf spot has been reported in the Salinas Valley of California (4), to our knowledge, this is the first report of the disease on spinach crops in the Imperial Valley of California and Arizona, the primary winter, fresh market spinach production region of the United States. (apsnet.org)
  • Fungicides can be used to manage Cladosporium leaf spot in conventional spinach crops (1), but management in certified organic crops may be more challenging. (apsnet.org)
  • Most kinds of Cladosporium are not dangerous to humans, but sometimes they may lead to allergies, or they may worsen asthma . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The most common health issues from Cladosporium exposure are new or worsening allergies or asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Identification of Several Pathogenesis-Related Proteins in Tomato Leaves Inoculated with Cladosporium fulvum (syn. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The effect of race-specific elicitors on NADPH oxidase was examined in vivo by treating tomato cells with elicitor-containing intercellular fluids prepared from infected tomato leaves inoculated with specific Cladosporium fulvum races. (plantcell.org)
  • Tomato leaves infected by the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum contain several types of intracellular and extracellular pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. (nih.gov)