Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.

Building peace from scratch: some theoretical and technological aspects. (1/146)

A peace-building process is based on activity, acceptance, understanding of political reality, communication, and empowerment. Acceptance means accepting everybody as he or she is and let each know it. This is at the heart of peace work, it is the prerequisite for effective communication, and includes accepting other even in cases of severe disagreement. Peace work requires both an understanding of political reality and the expression of one's own political opinion. Acceptance and the expression of political opinion are not at variance but complementary. Combining acceptance and understanding of the political context provides hope for real communication in which messages are both sent and received, with appreciation and interest. Empowerment implies overcoming of the feeling of powerlessness, often present in conflict by all sides and in all social groups. It includes recovery of self-respect and respect for others. Education and economic independence are important facets of the empowerment concept. Essential principles of peace-building process are responsibility, solidarity, cooperation, and nonviolence. Responsibility encompasses caring for human rights, the suffering of others, and for consequences of our own intended and unintended actions. Solidarity allows learning through listening and understanding. Even with the best intentions on both sides, cooperation may be difficult and painful. Nonviolence is a way of life.  (+info)

Defending diversity: affirmative action and medical education. (2/146)

Affirmative action programs of all types are under attack legally and politically. Although medical schools have not been specifically targeted, their affirmative action programs, like others in higher education, are potentially in danger. This article examines the current legal status of affirmative action in medical education and concludes that a refurbished defense of such programs is essential if they are to survive impending judicial and political scrutiny. An analysis of existing case law and available evidence suggests that a carefully reinvigorated diversity argument is the tactic most likely to pass constitutional muster, as well as the justification most likely to blunt growing public and political opposition to admissions policies that take race and ethnicity into consideration.  (+info)

Ethical-legal problems of DNA databases in criminal investigation. (3/146)

Advances in DNA technology and the discovery of DNA polymorphisms have permitted the creation of DNA databases of individuals for the purpose of criminal investigation. Many ethical and legal problems arise in the preparation of a DNA database, and these problems are especially important when one analyses the legal regulations on the subject. In this paper three main groups of possibilities, three systems, are analysed in relation to databases. The first system is based on a general analysis of the population; the second one is based on the taking of samples for a particular list of crimes, and a third is based only on the specific analysis of each case. The advantages and disadvantages of each system are compared and controversial issues are then examined. We found the second system to be the best choice for Spain and other European countries with a similar tradition when we weighed the rights of an individual against the public's interest in the prosecution of a crime.  (+info)

Teenagers educating teenagers about reproductive health and their rights to confidential care.(4/146)

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Measuring our nation's diversity: developing a common language for data on race/ethnicity. (5/146)

During the 4-year period 1993 through 1997, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) undertook a comprehensive review of the statistical standards that are used throughout the federal government to gather and publish data on race and ethnicity. The primary objective of this review was to ensure that our standards provide a common language that reflects the increasing diversity of the US population and maintains our ability to monitor compliance with civil rights laws. The review culminated with the October 1997 issuance of OMB's "Standards for Maintaining, Collecting, and Presenting Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity." In this article, we describe key aspects of the process that was undertaken to review and revise the 1977 standards. We also attempt to dispel some myths and misunderstandings that have been associated with these standards.  (+info)

Use of the Americans with Disabilities Act by persons with rheumatic diseases and factors associated with use. (6/146)

OBJECTIVE: This study examined use of the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) among persons with rheumatic diseases and assessed which factors were associated with use. METHODS: A mail survey was conducted among adult patients recruited from 21 rheumatology practices. Subjects answered questions about their inclination to use the ADA in the community or at work and about factors thought to be associated with use. The outcome was stage of behavior change, the behavior being use of the ADA. Ordinal logistic regression identified independent correlates of the outcome. RESULTS: Of 631 subjects, 47% experienced an ADA-resolvable barrier to community activity, and 63% of 183 employed subjects needed a job accommodation or experienced health discrimination. However, only 7% of the full sample and 10% of the employed subgroup had used the ADA. Factors associated with use were detailed knowledge, perception of being disabled, skill in requesting use, and health professional use suggestion. CONCLUSIONS: Although many persons with rheumatic diseases experience community barriers or need workplace accommodations, they currently underutilize the ADA. Use could be enhanced by health professional suggestion and referral or by community programs designed to address the factors identified.  (+info)

From the urban to the civic: the moral possibilities of the city. (7/146)

Relating bioethics to the philosophy of the city creates the possibility for developing the field along paths not yet explored. In the Western tradition, the city has been understood as the venue for two quite different forms of activity and two different types of moral possibility. In one guise, the city is an urbs, a center of commerce, market exchange, and social individualism. In another guise, the city is a civitas or polis, the space of active democratic citizenship, equality under law, and civic virtue. As civitas, classical philosophers regarded the city as the place of moral growth and full human self-realization. These two possibilities of human moral and political experience in the city have given rise to distinct traditions of political theory--liberalism and civic republican and democratic theory. This article traces these conceptual configurations into the domain of contemporary bioethics, arguing that most work in the field has drawn on the liberal tradition and hence has been insufficiently critical of the moral paradigm of market individualism and unduly inattentive to the values of civitas and the civic tradition. It argues for the creation of a form of civic bioethics and explores some of the theoretical foundations that type of bioethics would require.  (+info)

Full parity: steps toward treatment equity for mental and addictive disorders. (8/146)

The 1996 Mental Health Parity Act requiring equal annual and lifetime dollar limits for mental health benefits is to sunset 30 September 2001. This paper reviews the impact and limitations of both this law and existing state provisions and describes recent research on the actual and projected costs associated with such laws. We contend that full parity provided within the context of managed care not only is possible, but represents a "sequential" rather than a final step toward the broader goal of achieving equity in the treatment of persons with mental and addictive disorders.  (+info)

Civil rights are a group of rights and protections that guarantee equal treatment to all individuals, regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or other characteristics. These rights are enshrined in the laws and constitutions of various countries and include freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to equal protection under the law, and the right to freedom of speech, religion, and assembly.

In the United States, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment, education, and access to public accommodations. Other important civil rights laws in the U.S. include the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which protects the right to vote, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.

Violations of civil rights can take many forms, including discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and violence. Those whose civil rights have been violated may be entitled to legal remedies, such as damages, injunctions, or orders for relief.

"Religious hospitals" are healthcare institutions that are affiliated with or managed by a religious organization. These hospitals often incorporate their religious values and beliefs into the care they provide, which may influence their policies, practices, and ethical guidelines. They may also serve specific communities and offer spiritual support to patients and their families. It's important to note that while these hospitals have a religious affiliation, they are still held to the same standards of care as other healthcare institutions and must comply with relevant laws and regulations.

Civil Rights Cases "Civil Rights Cases". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. Text of Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3 (1883) is ... The Court has, however, upheld more recent civil rights laws based on other powers of Congress. Title II of the Civil Rights ... In his majority opinion in the Civil Rights Cases, Associate Justice Joseph P. Bradley struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875 ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Civil Rights Cases The Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3 (1883), were a ...
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The Boston College ACS Student Chapter will be hosting a panel of Civil Rights Lawyers. This will give students a chance to see ... ACS Austin: Insurrection at the Capitol: A Look at Disparate Punishments and the Civil and Legal Consequences of the Riots of ...
The Civil Rights Litigation Committee delivers practice-relevant information to litigators prosecuting or defending lawsuits ... Civil Rights Litigation. The Sections home for litigators interested in civil rights litigation. ... American Bar Association,/content/aba-cms-dotorg/en/groups/litigation/about/committees/civil-rights ... or simply enjoy specialized content delivered right to your inbox. ...
Protecting Rights, Saving Lives. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in close to 100 countries worldwide, ... A government-led campaign against independent civil society surfaced publicly in August, when the far-right-wing newspaper al- ... When a group of civil society activists demonstrated outside the National Human Rights Commission on December 30, security ... "The government-led campaign against Sudanese civil society organizations seems designed to stifle diversity, human rights, and ...
... recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the ... foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Recognizing that these rights derive from the inherent dignity of the ... Human rights Topics. The UN Human Rights Office and the mechanisms we support work on a wide range of human rights topics. ... The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to ensure the equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all civil ...
Protecting Rights, Saving Lives. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in close to 100 countries worldwide, ... International human rights law recognizes those freedoms as fundamental human rights, essential both to the effective ... Human rights abuses are happening right now - start a monthly gift today. ... human rights defenders, and other civil society activists, are released. The government should stop pursuing spurious charges ...
Standing Order Regarding Civil Litigation for Cases Proceeding Before the Honorable J. P. Boulee ... represented by the Southern Center for Human Rights and the Georgia Advocacy Office, sought class certification… ...
Click here for definitions & background information on Civil Rights. *Click here for a profile of Marty Walsh. *Click here for ... Civil Rights Corporations Crime Drugs Education Energy/Oil Environment Families/Children Foreign Policy Free Trade Govt. Reform ... Other big-city mayors on Civil Rights:. Marty Walsh on other issues:. ... This article is self-executing, but the General Court may enact laws... establishing civil unions.". Relevant platform section: ...
... and you will not come up with the right solution. Thats one thing thats wrong with Civil Sidewalks campaign." ... From the right-wing conservative think tank, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, Mac Donald writes, "The sidewalks of the ... Ted insists Civil Sidewalks, Prop L, is about behavior, not particular people, whether theyre homeless or not. His precise ... I was gathering opinions about the politics behind Prop L from four business owners in the eye of the sit/lie Civil Sidewalks ...
Members of the college community, guests, and visitors have the right to be free from discrimination, harassment and ...
Civil Rights Division. Housing and Civil. Enforcement Section. P.O. Box 65998. Washington, D.C. 20035-5998. 202-616-8925 THOMAS ... 6. The check should be sent by Federal Express to: Joan A. Magagna, Chief, Housing and Civil Enforcement Section, Civil Rights ... Civil Rights Division, Housing and Civil Enforcement Section, 1800 G Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 (Attn: DJ No. 175-22- ... Civil Rights Division. U.S. Department of Justice. 950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Office of the Assistant Attorney General, Main. ...
The commemoration of the 1965 Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights March came days after the Justice Departments Ferguson, Mo., ... Obama, Selma to mark 50th anniversary of historic civil rights march. *MLKs voice from archives: I tried to love and serve ... Diane Nash, a key civil rights figure who worked with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and attended the original Selma march, refused ... On Saturday, President Barack Obama praised those who marched for civil rights from Selma 50 years ago, saying they gave " ...
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The Albany Civil Rights Institute preserves the history of the Civil Rights movement in southwest Georgia. The Albany ... Albany Civil Rights Institute The Albany Civil Rights Institute preserves the history of the Civil Rights movement in southwest ... The Albany Civil Rights Institute documents the lesser-known, early Civil Rights-era Albany Movement. Before major historic ... The Institute preserves the memory of this movement and of the greater American Civil Rights Movement for the southern Georgia ...
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Before the paper rights could become actual rights, someone had to interpret what the language of the Bill of Rights meant in ... Every month, youll receive regular roundups of the most important civil rights and civil liberties developments. Remember: a ... "unalienable rights." They were also called "natural" rights, and to James Madison, they were "the great rights of mankind." ... Rights, But Not for Everyone. The Bill of Rights seemed to be written in broad language that excluded no one, but in fact, it ...
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