Hope: Belief in a positive outcome.City Planning: Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.BrazilMexicoPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.United StatesHistory, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Truth Disclosure: Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).Morale: The prevailing temper or spirit of an individual or group in relation to the tasks or functions which are expected.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Urban Renewal: The planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.VietnamAir Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Terrorism: The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.JapanHospitals, Urban: Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Ramipril: A long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. It is a prodrug that is transformed in the liver to its active metabolite ramiprilat.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.ArgentinaCommerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)IndiaEnvironmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Spirituality: Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)Public Housing: Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.Portion Size: The amount of a particular food one chooses to eat at a single meal. It is different from SERVING SIZE, which is a reference amount of food as defined by an authoritative source, such as the Food Guide Pyramid devised by the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Suburban Population: The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Patients: Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.RestaurantsRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Aspirations (Psychology): Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Professional-Family Relations: The interactions between the professional person and the family.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Ego: The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Dominican Republic: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.EuropeAfrican Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.ExplosionsBaltimoreCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Geographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.ChileHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Terminal Care: Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Hospitals, Municipal: Hospitals controlled by the city government.LondonParticulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Nobel PrizePublic Facilities: An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Therapeutic Misconception: Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Nitrogen Dioxide: Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.Wit and Humor as Topic: The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.New JerseyNew YorkSchools: Educational institutions.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.Autobiography as Topic: The life of a person written by himself or herself. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.EnglandTexasChicagoPhysician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Palliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Respiratory Tract DiseasesSyringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Vatican CityCooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Drug Design: The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Advance Care Planning: Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Stem Cell Transplantation: The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.IranTerminally Ill: Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.PeruPhylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Environment Design: The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
  • The language schools of the year 2018 were revealed on November 15th at the ESL Language Travel Awards ceremony in the town of Sitges just outside of Barcelona. (ialc.org)
  • Dr. Burnham brought her passion and skill set to City of Hope in 2018. (kjlhradio.com)
  • The last two in the Music City skid have been lopsided affairs, essentially over before the fourth quarter began, with the Titans winning 30-9 in 2018 and 42-20 last season. (ap.org)
  • Mustang Bio Inc., a company focused on the development of novel immunotherapies based on proprietary CAR T technology and gene therapies for rare diseases, licensed the HER2 technology from City of Hope in 2017. (news-medical.net)
  • The ammonia leak on October 17, 2017 killed three workers at Fernie Memorial Arena, and as the city nears the one year anniversary, McInnis said the investigations into the fatal incident don't get any easier. (globalnews.ca)
  • More than 750 workers at the hospital are members of SEIU-United Healthcare Workers West (SEIU-UHW), and are renegotiating their contact with City of Hope, which expired Sept. 30, 2017. (seiu-uhw.org)
  • Manchester City's hopes of retaining their Premier League title received a potentially fatal blow after they were beaten 3-1 at Southampton Saturday. (haaretz.com)
  • Southampton were 2-0 up within 22 minutes through Puncheon and Davis and though Edin Dezko pulled one back, an own goal from Barry just after half-time finished off City's hopes. (haaretz.com)
  • Some of the cancers researched and treated at City of Hope include hematologic malignancies and solid tumors including breast, genitourinary/prostate, thoracic/lung, gastrointestinal/liver, musculoskeletal, gynecological, and brain cancers, as well as several pediatric cancers. (cancer.gov)
  • LOS ANGELES, July 12 /PRNewswire/ -- City of Hope Cancer Center is launching the 7th annual "La Gota de la Vida Campaign" to raise funds for the institution, educate Latinos about their health, and increase the number of donors to the National Bone Marrow Program. (redorbit.com)
  • To date, the campaign has raised over $1.2 million for City of Hope, registered thousands of Latino bone marrow donors and saved lives. (redorbit.com)
  • The seat of the Hope Town District Council is in Hope Town, and most of the meetings are held there. (wikipedia.org)
  • The campaign also includes the support and vision of the Angels of Hope Council comprised of community and elected officials such as Jackeline Cacho (La Gota de la Vida National Spokesperson), State Senator Gil Cedillo, Univision News Anchor Teresa Rodriguez and cancer survivor Gustavo Perez. (redorbit.com)
  • I urge the PAUSD Board and City Council to go back to the design phase on this one. (paloaltoonline.com)
  • The fact is, I did expect my compensation to be adjusted as a result of the City Council action increasing the pay band and I did ask the Mayor to raise my salary. (seattlemet.com)
  • For all of these issues, I want to apologize to the people of Seattle, the City Council, Mayor Murray, and to each of you. (seattlemet.com)
  • Before the arrest, city council members were expected to approve a one-year contract for $329,100 with the nonprofit. (wrcbtv.com)
  • The project is in keeping with a policy the Town Council adopted in 2013 to ensure "Roads are built to safely accommodate a variety of transportation modes and users of all ages and abilities. (tapinto.net)
  • This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and Policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of City of Hope and the Society for Brain Mapping & Therapeutics. (worldbrainmapping.org)
  • Over the course of his life in Los Angeles, Kahn was involved in a wide variety of Jewish community causes, including the City of Hope and Mt. Sinai Hospital, as well as the Bureau of Jewish Education, the Jewish Community Council, the Jewish Home for the Aged, Histadrut, the Hebrew Free Loan Association and the University of Judaism. (usc.edu)
  • The HOPE Family Resource Centers are school based service sites dedicated to preserving and strengthening students and their families in need of support. (cityofchino.org)
  • Here, in a city perhaps hit harder than any other in the United States by poor urban planning, racial segregation, population loss and devalued property, developers aren't interested in building shopping centers-a state of affairs that works out just fine for the organizers of Spirit of Hope Urban Farm, a little corner of utopia in the middle of Motor City. (motherearthliving.com)
  • City of Hope is one of a small number of select cancer centers in the U.S. to provide both biological and chemical GMP manufacturing at a single institution. (tgen.org)
  • City of Hope is a National Cancer Institute designated Comprehensive Cancer Center and a founding member of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, an alliance of the nation's 20 leading cancer centers that develops and institutes standards of care for cancer treatment. (sciencecareers.org)
  • Caltech and City of Hope Partner To Develop Smartphone Health Devices and New Health Treatments, Officials Say " (Vuong, Pasadena Star-News , 11/25). (californiahealthline.org)
  • Since those lights are tough to maintain if they stay up throughout the year, city officials have decided to light three trees in front of the museum and the visitor's center to participate in the spreading of hope. (wkrg.com)
  • Longtime East Lawrence resident K.T. Walsh is asking city officials to take a hard look at any demolition permit that seeks to tear down the hut. (ljworld.com)
  • Municipal officials said the angled parking is not slated for other parts of town, but more parking will be available downtown when construction of a municipal parking lot is finished. (tapinto.net)
  • City of Hope has also been ranked one of the nation's Best Cancer Hospitals by U.S. News & World Report for over ten years and is a founding member of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network . (wikipedia.org)
  • Apathy is associated with serious complications, including physical deconditioning, uncooperativeness with care and social isolation," said Dykstra Goris, an assistant professor of nursing at Hope. (wzzm13.com)
  • If we think of cancer as enemy combatants hiding in the jungle at night, biology-guided radiotherapy is like a group of veteran snipers wearing thermal imaging goggles to see all opponents regardless of where they're hiding or going," said Jeffrey Wong , MD, chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology at City of Hope. (ajmc.com)
  • Authorities investigating a weekend shooting that injured six people at a crowded Salt Lake City nightclub said Monday they are hoping someone took video that will help them identify the gunmen. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Hundreds of people were at the Inferno Cantina Night Club when the shooting occurred Saturday night, and investigators are betting a few of them had their smartphones recording when the shooting happened, Salt Lake City Police Detective Greg Wilking said. (foxbusiness.com)
  • The nightclub is in the heart of downtown Salt Lake City, less than a block south of the Salt Palace Convention Center. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Currently, City of Hope caregivers must pay more than $5,000 a year in healthcare premiums for themselves and their families, while caregivers at Kaiser Permanente, Dignity Health, Verity Health, Sutter Health and Tenet Healthcare facilities receive fully-paid family health coverage. (seiu-uhw.org)
  • The sanatorium was nicknamed "the city of hope," and grew in size for several decades, continuing to raise funds, construct permanent facilities, hire doctors and treat increasing numbers of patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • One miracle is the story of young Marshall Cotta who at 11 months old was diagnosed with a rare brain cancer tumor that left his parents searching for hope when many doctors said there was none. (insurancejournal.com)
  • As soon as the doctors from City of Hope walked in, they took off their white coats so they wouldn't scare Marshall. (insurancejournal.com)
  • The City of Hope doctors told Pamela and Jeff Cotta that while there wasn't a treatment option for their son's cancer, they were willing to try but not if doing so meant destroying Marshall. (insurancejournal.com)
  • The hope is that the machine will one day enable doctors to deliver biology-guided radiotherapy (BgRT), a treatment where tumor byproducts are detected in real-time and radiation beams are aimed at each tumor to destroy it, even if the disease is moving because the patient is breathing. (ajmc.com)
  • Tim Leiweke represents businesses that improve the community throughout the Los Angeles area,\" said Britta Bucholz, senior director of development, City of Hope. (lalive.com)
  • Last year, the hospital won a $500-million court judgment in a royalty dispute over two dozen biotech drugs made using City of Hope technology. (latimes.com)
  • Hope Town and the surrounding islands of Abaco generally follow five weather patterns throughout the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bootleg Spirits is slated to open a distillery in September in an industrial stretch of Mid-City, with a plan to produce a craft vodka to the tune of 150,000 cases a year initially. (washingtontimes.com)
  • By the end of May that year, they hoped to increase the number to 300 or 500 and were watched over by a guard dog named Basha. (calgaryherald.com)
  • City Engineer Jason Craft said much of the two-year project will be paid for by the Iowa Department of Transportation, but the city will be obligated to pay about $5.3 million toward its completion. (clintonherald.com)
  • The Chilean winger is being linked with a number of clubs in the past month or so and Lombardo believes it would be of great benefit to City if they threw everything into their pursuit of the talented 22-year old. (tribalfootball.com)
  • If the City adds a second resource officer, then the off-the-books expenditures for "schools" by the Palo Alto Police Department will be over $600,000 a year. (paloaltoonline.com)
  • The city has been working for more than a year to acquire rights-of-way from property owners for a project centered on Horton Creek, the mayor said, and the last piece of right-of-way needed has now been obtained. (gadsdentimes.com)
  • I hope so," Seattle City light director Jorge Carrasco said at a hastily-called press conference this afternoon, a few hours before the July 4 holiday began, after being asked by a reporter if he'd still be in Seattle at the end of the year. (seattlemet.com)
  • Only available in a limited quantity, Pink Bink is now shipping to retailers nationwide, with proceeds from its sales through the end of the year benefiting City of Hope and its breast cancer programs. (bdiusa.com)
  • Vince Gill , Little Big Town , Nashville actor and singer/songwriter Charles Esten , recent chart-topper Aaron Watson , American Idol finalist Lauren Alaina , singer/songwriter/guitarist Lindsay Ell , Love and Theft , and Chuck Wicks are among those who will be suiting up this year for the 25th Annual City of Hope Celebrity Softball Game. (musicrow.com)
  • A 74-year-old City of Hope patient with BPDCN achieved a complete response to the CAR-T cell therapy for at least 60 days and showed no serious side effects from the treatment. (morningstar.com)
  • Spirit of Hope donated more than 3,000 pounds of fresh produce to its local food pantry last year. (motherearthliving.com)
  • The CIRM-funded trial will make it possible for City of Hope to extend its clinical trial for patients to receive the CAR-T cells infused into the cerebrospinal fluid and a combined treatment in which patients receive them at the tumor site and cerebrospinal fluid. (biospace.com)
  • City of Hope is dedicated to innovation in biomedical science and has one of the most comprehensive CAR T cell programs in the world with 16 ongoing CAR T clinical trials," said Robert W. Stone, president and chief executive officer of City of Hope as well as vice chairman of the TGen board of directors. (tgen.org)
  • Hemorrhage: An Ablution of Hope and Despair' is a dramatic musical play produced and performed by Krissy Keefer's Dance Brigade. (fogcityjournal.com)
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  • Our study represents hope for transplant patients who already have weakened immune systems and can develop serious, life-threatening CMV-related complications," Diamond said. (eurekalert.org)
  • Our hope is that the HER2-specific CAR T cell therapy will target and kill HER2-positive cancer cells, and safely and effectively treat brain metastases in these patients,' Priceman added. (news-medical.net)
  • Because this type of CAR T cell delivery was found to be safe, City of Hope will now also use this route of administration for patients on this trial,' Priceman added. (news-medical.net)
  • For patients with relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) or who are unable to receive a transplant, City of Hope plans to build upon the results of a clinical trial they conducted during the previous round of SPORE funding. (ascopost.com)
  • He discusses his interests in minimally invasive surgery and why HCI provides hope for patients with lung cancer. (huntsmancancer.org)
  • On a daily basis, City of Hope delivers scientific miracles that help make their patients' lives whole again. (bdiusa.com)
  • At City of Hope, we have begun to provide comprehensive genome and exome sequencing for all patients with Stage 4 cancer, regardless of their cancer site. (tgen.org)
  • As hard as we try to provide the best care for our patients, it's upsetting that City of Hope too often doesn't have enough staff working during a shift," said Mignon Piggee, a patient care assistant at City of Hope Hospital. (seiu-uhw.org)
  • Over the last 20+ years, I've attended various fundraisers, dinners and golf tournaments supporting The City of Hope - which is the official charity of choice for the International Home Furnishings industry. (bdiusa.com)
  • But an appeal by adversary Genentech Inc. means it will be years before City of Hope learns whether it has access to the money. (latimes.com)
  • Seventy years later, that law is still on the books even though Tomball has grown exceedingly past the eight blocks considered Old Town. (chron.com)
  • Since suffering a stroke about six years ago, League City resident David Williford , has been working on detailed dioramas depicting key moments from the Civil War. (chron.com)
  • NEW Bangor City manager Clayton Blackmore says that years playing under Sir Alex Ferguson have given him a will to win - as his mentor hated losing so much. (dailypost.co.uk)
  • With its financial picture brightening, Palo Alto is looking to bring back a school-resource officer position that was slashed several years ago as part of the City Council's broad budget-balancing effort. (paloaltoonline.com)
  • The city received a $1 milllion grant 10 years ago, obtained by Rep. Robert Aderholt, R-Haleyville, in one of the last line-item appropriations. (gadsdentimes.com)
  • Founded by a group of key industry executives 37 years ago, the Music and Entertainment Industry Group has raised more than $80 million to support ongoing programs at City of Hope through various industry benefit events, promotions and partnerships. (lalive.com)
  • At the conclusion of our meeting, Dr. Chou said that the City of Hope is always looking for new ideas, new approaches and he should be able to accommodate my project if it does not take several years. (cancer-treatment.net)
  • It means that even a win next Saturday at Bath City, somewhere Saints have never scored at, never mind won at, may not be good enough. (hertsad.co.uk)