A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus XANTHOMONAS, which causes citrus cankers and black rot in plants.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A strand of primary conductive plant tissue consisting essentially of XYLEM, PHLOEM, and CAMBIUM.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is the source of dong quai.
Camellia sinensis L. (formerly Thea sinensis) is an evergreen Asiatic shrub of the THEACEAE family. The infusion of leaves of this plant is used as Oriental TEA which contains CAFFEINE; THEOPHYLLINE; and epigallocatechin gallate.
Diseases of plants.
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
A mitosporic fungal genus. Teleomorphs are found in the family Clavicipitaceae and include Cordyceps bassiana. The species Beauveria bassiana is a common pathogen of ARTHROPODS and is used in PEST CONTROL.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. The common name derives from its traditional use for menstrual cramps. It is a source of viburnine, valerianic acid, vibsanin, and ursolic acid. Note that true cranberry is VACCINIUM MACROCARPON.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A physiochemical process which occurs in a wide range of organisms which unlike BASAL METABOLISM is not required for or essential to short-term survivability but to long-term general well-being of the organism.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.
Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
A type of MONOTERPENES, derived from geraniol. They have the general form of cyclopentanopyran, but in some cases, one of the rings is broken as in the case of secoiridoid. They are different from the similarly named iridals (TRITERPENES).
A subclass of iridoid compounds that include a glucoside moiety, usually found at the C-1 position.
Flies of the species Musca domestica (family MUSCIDAE), which infest human habitations throughout the world and often act as carriers of pathogenic organisms.
The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The effect of herbs, other PLANTS, or PLANT EXTRACTS on the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of drugs.
Material prepared from plants.
The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Proteins involved in the transport of organic anions. They play an important role in the elimination of a variety of endogenous substances, xenobiotics and their metabolites from the body.
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.

Structural basis of the rind disorder oleocellosis in Washington navel orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck). (1/138)

Oleocellosis, a physiological rind disorder of citrus fruit, is an unattractive surface blemish caused by phytotoxic effects of released rind oils. The development of oleocellosis in Washington navel orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) was examined by following a time sequence of surface symptoms and microscopic rind changes. The two natural causes of oleocellosis were simulated: mechanical damage to the fruit and transfer of rind oil between fruit. Mechanical fruit injury resulted in rupture of the epidermis above oil glands. Released surface oil appeared to infiltrate the rind via the ruptured epidermis resulting in rapid degeneration of cortical, but not epidermal, cell contents. Oil application to the rind surface produced a more severe blemish than did mechanical damage. The oil appeared to diffuse through the cuticle causing degeneration of the contents of all cell layers, including the epidermis. Loss of membrane integrity was detected within 30 min, followed by cell content degeneration and cell collapse. The resulting blemish, characterized by rind collapse and darkening, developed substantially within 3 d and was attributed to the cellular damage.  (+info)

Characterization of Pinalate, a novel Citrus sinensis mutant with a fruit-specific alteration that results in yellow pigmentation and decreased ABA content. (2/138)

The characterization of a novel mutant, named Pinalate, derived from the orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) Navelate, which produces distinctive yellow fruits instead of the typical bright orange colouration, is reported. The carotenoid content and composition, and ABA content in leaf and flavedo tissue (coloured part of the skin) of fruits at different developmental and maturation stages were analysed. No important differences in leaf carotenoid pattern of both phenotypes were found. However, an unusual accumulation of linear carotenes (phytoene, phytofluene and zeta- carotene) was detected in the flavedo of Pinalate. As fruit maturation progressed, the flavedo of mutant fruit accumulated high amounts of these carotenes and the proportion of cyclic and oxygenated carotenoids was substantially lower than in the parental line. Full-coloured fruit of Pinalate contained about 44% phytoene, 21% phytofluene, 25% zeta-carotene, and 10% of xanthophylls, whereas, in Navelate, 98% of total carotenoids were xanthophylls and apocarotenoids. The ABA content in the flavedo of Pinalate mature fruit was 3-6 times lower than in the corresponding tissue of Navelate, while no differences were found in leaves. Other maturation processes were not affected in Pinalate fruit. Taken together, the results indicate that Pinalate is a fruit-specific alteration defective in zeta-carotene desaturase or in zeta-carotene desaturase-associated factors. Possible mechanisms responsible for the Pinalate phenotype are discussed. Because of the abnormal fruit-specific carotenoid complement and ABA deficiency, Pinalate may constitute an excellent system for the study of carotenogenesis in Citrus and the involvement of ABA in fruit maturation and stress responses.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of a cDNA encoding a lipid transfer protein expressed in 'Valencia' orange during abscission. (3/138)

The genetics and expression of a lipid transfer protein (LTP) gene was examined during abscission of mature fruit of 'Valencia' orange. A cDNA encoding an LTP, CsLTP, was isolated from a cDNA subtraction library constructed from mature fruit abscission zones 48 h after application of a mature fruit-specific abscission agent, 5-chloro-3-methyl-4-nitro-pyrazole (CMN-pyrazole). A full-length cDNA clone of 652 nucleotides was isolated using 5' and 3' RACE followed by cDNA library screening and PCR amplification. The cDNA clone encoded a protein of 155 amino acid residues with a molecular mass and isoelectric point of 9.18 kDa and 9.12, respectively. A partial genomic clone of 505 nucleotides containing one intron of 101 base pairs was amplified from leaf genomic DNA. Southern blot hybridization demonstrated that at least two closely related CsLTP genes are present in 'Valencia' orange. Temporal expression patterns in mature fruit abscission zones were examined by northern hybridization. Increased expression of CsLTP mRNA was detected in RNA of mature fruit abscission zones 6, 24, 48, and 72 h after application of a non-specific abscission agent, ethephon. Low expression of CsLTP transcripts was observed after treatment of CMN-pyrazole until 24 h after application. After this time, expression markedly increased. The results suggest that CsLTP has a role in the abscission process, possibly by assisting transport of cutin monomers to the fracture plane of the abscission zone or through its anti-microbial activity by reducing the potential of microbial attack.  (+info)

Effect of orange juice intake on vitamin C concentrations and biomarkers of antioxidant status in humans. (4/138)

BACKGROUND: Consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with improved health and a decreased prevalence of chronic degenerative processes. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess the bioavailability of vitamin C from orange juice and its influence on plasma vitamin C and 8-epi-prostaglandin F(2 alpha) (8-epi-PGF(2 alpha)) concentrations in a healthy human population. DESIGN: Six men and 6 women consumed 500 mL commercial fresh-squeezed orange juice/d for 14 d, corresponding to an intake of 250 mg ascorbic acid/d. On the first day of the study, the subjects drank the juice in one dose (dose-response study), and on days 2-14 they consumed 250 mL in the morning and 250 mL in the afternoon. Blood was collected every hour for 6 h on the first day and again on days 7 and 14. RESULTS: Baseline plasma vitamin C concentrations were significantly higher (P = 0.03) among the women than among the men (56.4 +/- 4.4 compared with 44.3 +/- 3.5 micromol/L). In the dose-response study, the maximum increase in plasma vitamin C occurred 3 h postdose in both the men and the women. Vitamin C concentrations remained significantly higher on days 7 and 14 than at baseline. Baseline concentrations of 8-epi-PGF(2 alpha) were significantly higher (P = 0.03) among the men than among the women (249.6 +/- 25.4 compared with 177.7 +/- 6.2 pg/mL) but decreased significantly (P = 0.04) by day 14 of the intervention. A significant inverse correlation was observed between vitamin C and 8-epi-PGF(2 alpha) (r = -0.791, P = 0.0022). Among smokers, baseline vitamin C was lower and 8-epi-PGF(2 alpha) higher than among nonsmokers. CONCLUSIONS: Drinking orange juice (500 mL/d) increases plasma concentrations of vitamin C and reduces concentrations of 8-epi-PGF(2 alpha) in humans. These effects were significantly more pronounced in smokers.  (+info)

Analysis of gene expression in two growth states of Xylella fastidiosa and its relationship with pathogenicity. (5/138)

Xylella fastidiosa is a plant pathogen responsible for diseases of economically important crops. Although there is considerable disagreement about its mechanism of pathogenicity, blockage of the vessels is one of the most accepted hypotheses. Loss of virulence by this bacterium was observed after serial passages in axenic culture. To confirm the loss of pathogenicity of X. fastidiosa, the causing agent of citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC), freshly-isolated bacteria (first passage [FP] condition) as well as bacteria obtained after 46 passages in axenic culture (several passage [SP] condition) were inoculated into sweet orange and periwinkle plants. Using real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we verified that the colonization of FP cells was more efficient for both hosts. The sequence of the complete X. fastidiosa genome allowed the construction of a DNA microarray that was used to investigate the total changes in gene expression associated with the FP condition. Most genes found to be induced in the FP condition were associated with adhesion and probably with adaptation to the host environment. This report represents the first study of the transcriptome of this pathogen, which has recently gained more importance, since the genome of several strains has been either partially or entirely sequenced.  (+info)

Accumulation of carotenoids and expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes during maturation in citrus fruit. (6/138)

The relationship between carotenoid accumulation and the expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes during fruit maturation was investigated in three citrus varieties, Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.), Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck), and Lisbon lemon (Citrus limon Burm.f.). We cloned the cDNAs for phytoene synthase (CitPSY), phytoene desaturase (CitPDS), zeta-carotene (car) desaturase (CitZDS), carotenoid isomerase (CitCRTISO), lycopene beta-cyclase (CitLCYb), beta-ring hydroxylase (CitHYb), zeaxanthin (zea) epoxidase (CitZEP), and lycopene epsilon-cyclase (CitLCYe) from Satsuma mandarin, which shared high identities in nucleotide sequences with Valencia orange, Lisbon lemon, and other plant species. With the transition of peel color from green to orange, the change from beta,epsilon-carotenoid (alpha-car and lutein) accumulation to beta,beta-carotenoid (beta-car, beta-cryptoxanthin, zea, and violaxanthin) accumulation was observed in the flavedos of Satsuma mandarin and Valencia orange, accompanying the disappearance of CitLCYe transcripts and the increase in CitLCYb transcripts. Even in green fruit, high levels of beta,epsilon-carotenoids and CitLCYe transcripts were not observed in the juice sacs. As fruit maturation progressed in Satsuma mandarin and Valencia orange, a simultaneous increase in the expression of genes (CitPSY, CitPDS, CitZDS, CitLCYb, CitHYb, and CitZEP) led to massive beta,beta-xanthophyll (beta-cryptoxanthin, zea, and violaxanthin) accumulation in both the flavedo and juice sacs. The gene expression of CitCRTISO was kept low or decreased in the flavedo during massive beta,beta-xanthophyll accumulation. In the flavedo of Lisbon lemon and Satsuma mandarin, massive accumulation of phytoene was observed with a decrease in the transcript level for CitPDS. Thus, the carotenoid accumulation during citrus fruit maturation was highly regulated by the coordination of the expression among carotenoid biosynthetic genes. In this paper, the mechanism leading to diversity in beta,beta-xanthophyll compositions between Satsuma mandarin and Valencia orange was also discussed on the basis of the substrate specificity of beta-ring hydroxylase and the balance of expression between upstream synthesis genes (CitPSY, CitPDS, CitZDS, and CitLCYb) and downstream synthesis genes (CitHYb and CitZEP).  (+info)

Browning and decomposed products of model orange juice. (7/138)

A model solution of orange juice containing sugars, ascorbic acid, and citric acid was prepared and its browning during storage was examined. The solution gradually turned brown. Ascorbic acid (AsA) most contributed to the browning. Citric acid and such amino acids as Arg and Pro promoted the browning. DTPA, a strong chelator, inhibited the browning. 3-Hydroxy-2-pyrone (3OH2P), 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furfural, 5-hydroxymaltol, and 2-furoic acid were identified as decomposed products in the stored solution. When 3OH2P was stored, the solution turned slightly brown. Furfural solution added with amino acids turned yellow. 3OH2P showed a positive relation with the browning of retail orange juice during storage.  (+info)

Eggplant (Solanum melongena) extract does not alter serum lipid levels. (8/138)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of eggplant extract on serum lipid levels with that of lovastatin. METHODS: The study included 21 individuals of both sexes, with total cholesterol (TC) levels > 200 mg/dL, no diabetes, no contraindication for the use of statins, and no use of cholesterol-lowering drugs, divided into the following 3 groups: 1) the eggplant group (B), in which the patients drank 1 glass of eggplant extract with orange juice before breakfast each morning; 2) the statin group (E), in which the patients received 20 mg of lovastatin in the evening after dinner; 3) control group (C), in which the patients received no treatment. Total cholesterol and fractions (HDL, LDL), and triglycerides were measured 3 times at 3-week intervals. RESULTS: The baseline lipid levels were similar in the 3 groups. After 6 weeks, a significant reduction in TC levels (from 245.29 +/- 41.69 to 205.71 +/- 46.45; P=0.02) and in LDL-cholesterol levels (from 170.83 +/- 41.76 to 121.29 +/- 44.90; P=0.008) was observed in group E. In group B, total cholesterol (from 230.60 +/- 19.30 to 240.20 +/- 16.22; P=0.27) and LDL-cholesterol (from 139.60 +/- 21.49 to 154.40 +/- 9.66; P=0.06) showed no statistically significant variation, as in group C. No significant variation was observed in the HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the 3 groups throughout the study. CONCLUSION: The eggplant extract with orange juice is not to be considered an alternative to statins in reducing serum levels of cholesterol.  (+info)

About CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (SWEET ORANGE) OIL: Volatile oil expressed from the fresh peel of the orange fruit.. Function(s): Fragrance Ingredient; ASTRINGENT; MASKING; SKIN CONDITIONING; TONIC. Synonym(s): CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS (ORANGE) OIL, ABSOLUE ORANGE FLOWER; ABSOLUE ORANGE FLOWER DECOLOREE; ABSOLUE ORANGE FLOWER FROM WATER; ABSOLUTE ORANGE FLOWERS; ABSOLUTE PETITGRAIN; NEROLI OIL; NEROLI OIL, POMMADE; CITRUS SINENSIS OIL; OIL SWEET; CITRUS AURANTIUM DULCIS OIL; CITRUS SINENSIS (SWEET ORANGE) ESSENTIAL OIL; CITRUS SINENSIS (SWEET ORANGE) OIL; CITRUS SINENSIS ESSENTIAL OIL; CITRUS SINENSIS OIL; OIL OF ORANGE; OILS, ORANGE, SWEET; ORANGE ESSENTIAL OIL; ORANGE OIL; ORANGE OIL TERPENELESS (CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) OSBECK) ...
Between January and February 2007, diel variability in carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour (H2O) exchange with leaf temperature on four potted 5-year-old navel orange trees [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] on an open-air laboratory on the roof of the Physics Department (University of Zimbabwe) was measured. Two of the four trees were of the Baianinha variety while the other two were Navelina. An automated dynamic chamber (cuvette) was installed sequentially on each of the four trees with flux measurements on a selected branch of each tree typically taking ten days. Out of the ten days on each tree, three days consisted of measurements under full solar radiation, three days under a single layer plastic mesh shade net whose transmittivity was found to be 24 % of full solar radiation, and the remainder of the ten day period under a double layer net (7 % transmittivity). Leaf temperature was measured as well as branch and stem sap flow rates. Results showed that photosynthesis was highest when leaf ...
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BERGAMOT (citrus bergamia) Essential Oil :Country Of Origin: Ivory Coast/(FCF) Italy Certification: Organic Classification: Citrus aurantium var bergamia Other Names: Bergamot Orange Essential Oil, Sour Orange Essential Oil, Myrtle leafed Orange Essential Oil, Bitter Orange Essential Oil, Bigarde Orange Essential Oil, Seville Orange Essential Oil Interesting Facts: Citrus aurantium var bergamia is a spiny evergreen…
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Certified Organic African Sweet orange - Citrus Sinensis L.. Our Sweet Orange oil is cold-pressed from certified organic orange peels from South Africa.. Family: Rutaceae. Growing & Harvesting method: Certified organic expressed. Perfumery Note: Top. Origin: Africa. Aroma: Sweet, citrusy, tangy, intense, concentrated. Aromatic Intensity: 3-4. Scent Group: Citrus. Colour: Yellowy orange to dark orange. Perfume Note: Middle. Blends well with: other citrus oils, vetiver, sandalwood, amyris, cedarwood, lavender, florals such as ylang ylang, geranium, rose, cinnamon and clove and other spices.. Chemical Composition: Around 93% Limonene, 2.8% B Myrcene and .08% a-Pinene. Energetics:. As Patricia Davis points out so eloquently - with the orange tree producing orange oil, neroli and petitgrain, what generosity of spirit this tree offers us.. Orange oils creates an uplifting happy atmosphere. Use it when you are feeling sad or down. It nourishes and creates happiness. Children love the aroma of orange ...
Protective and curative role of Citrus sinensis peel on cadmium-induced testicular and spermatic damage: a morphometric and immunohistochemical evaluation using monoclonal antibodies against Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen
Fulltext - Comparative Studies of Plumeria Species for their Phytochemical and Antifungal Properties Against Citrus sinensis Pathogens
Volatile oils were extracted from aqueous leaf suspensions of sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb.] cultivars Hamlin, Navel, and Valencia and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.) cultivars Marsh and Ray Ruby. Pressurized air was used as the sparging gas, and volatile oils were collected in a C-18 cartridge. Gas-liquid chromatography was used to separate and quantify 17 volatile components. Significant quantitative differences for individual components made it possible to distinguish sweet orange from grapefruit (four components), `Marsh from `Ray Ruby grapefruit (two components), `Hamlin from `Valencia or `Navel orange (six components), and `Valencia from `Navel (three components). The simplicity and sensitivity of the procedure suggest potential use for Citrus taxonomic, genetic, and breeding research. ...
87 matching references were found. Niedz, R.P.; Moshonas, M.G.; Peterson, B.; Shapiro, J.P.; Shaw, P.E., Analysis of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) callus cultures for volatile compounds by gas chromatography with mass selective detector, Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult., 1997, 51, 3, 181-185, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005977501472 . [all data] Peterson, B.H., Some binary systems with acetamide, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci., 1943, 50, 253-9. [all data] Boozer, C.E.; Hammond, G.S.; Hamilton, C.E.; Peterson, C., Air Oxidation of Hydrocarbons IV. The Effects of Varying Solvent and the Mechanism of Uninhibited Chain Termination, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 3380-3. [all data] Park, T.; Rettich, T.R.; Battino, R.; Peterson, D.; Wilhelm, E., Solubility of gases in liquids: 14. bunsen coefficients for several fluorine-containing gases (freons) dissolved in water at 298.15 k., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1982, 27, 324-6. [all data] Peterson, D.A.; Schlie, L.A., Stable pure sulfur discharges and associated ...
A obtenção de plantas geneticamente modificadas tornou-se uma ferramenta biotecnológica de grande valor, contribuindo nos programas de melhoramento. Plantas transgênicas contendo genes de peptídeos antibacterianos...
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Application of orange essential oil as an antistaphylococcal agent in a dressing model Arunachalam Muthaiyan, Debabrata Biswas, Philip Crandall, Brian J Wilkinson and Steven C Ricke BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:125 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-125 Published: 16 August 2012 Abstract (provisional) Background Staphylococcus aureus is the pathogen most often and prevalently involved in skin and soft…
Orange essential oil boosts immunity, cures acne and dermatitis, alleviates anxiety, anger and depression, treats constipation, and relaxes muscular and nervous spasms.
Fruit ripening is a highly coordinated, genetically programmed and irreversible process which involves a series of physiological, biochemical, and organoleptic changes allowing for the development of an edible ripe fruit [31]. Fruit ripening in citrus is accompanied by carbohydrate build-up, acid reduction, carotenoid accumulation and chlorophyll degradation [32]. The bud mutant MT produces fruit with high sucrose and lycopene, but low citric acid content [20]. Here, transcriptome changes over the course of fruit development and ripening in MT and WT were monitored and annotated. We must point out that we collected samples from three different trees and pooled for RNA-seq analysis for each developmental stage. We did not include biological replicates considering that we used a pair of genotypes (WT and MT) and the data from WT and MT could corroborate to each other to some extent. We sequenced each pool once technically since the next generation sequencing data are highly replicable with ...
Sweet Orange is one of the most valuable essences to use for digestive complaints including nausea and vomiting, especially of biliary-type; constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and possibly weight loss through its effect on fats.
EWGs Skin Deep rates thousands of personal care product ingredients, culled from ingredient labels on products, based on hazard information pulled from the scientific literature and industry, academic and regulatory databases.
|i|Background:|/i| It is important to study the crossreactivity between orange tree pollen (OTPE) and orange fruit (OFE) due to the high incidence of pollen/food-related allergies worldwid
All natural honey and tart Valencia orange peel are a perfect match, spread on warm toast and enjoy the sweet citrus flavor. LaTienda offers the best of Spain shipped direct to your home - fine foods, wine, ceramics and more. Free catalog.
The sweet orange is not a wild fruit,[15] having arisen in domestication from a cross between a non-pure mandarin orange and a hybrid pomelo that had a substantial mandarin component. Since its chloroplast DNA is that of pomelo, it was likely the hybrid pomelo, perhaps a BC1 pomelo backcross, that was the maternal parent of the first orange.[7][38] Based on genomic analysis, the relative proportions of the ancestral species in the sweet orange is approximately 42% pomelo and 58% mandarin.[39] All varieties of the sweet orange descend from this original cross, differing only by mutations selected for during agricultural propagation.[38] Sweet oranges have a distinct origin from the bitter orange, which arose independently, perhaps in the wild, from a cross between pure mandarin and pomelo parents.[38] The earliest mention of the sweet orange in Chinese literature dates from 314 B.C.[2] In Europe, the Moors introduced the orange to Spain which was known as Al-Andalus, modern Andalusia, with large ...
Citrus aurantium. Citrus Г- aurantium L., Rutaceae (bitter orange) is an evergreen tree with very fragrant flowers and orange, acidic-tasting fruit (Fleming, 2000). The fruit peel is rich in essential oil, mostly composed of terpenes, with limonene as the main constituent. obtained will be immiscible and result in two layers. This allows for easy separation of the water. from the desired oil. The objective was to extract orange oil from an orange peel solution. through steam distillation. To determine the structure and composition of the orange oil several tests can be run.. According also in livestrong.com How to whiten teeth with orange peels, the albedo the white portion of an orange peel contains vitamin C, limonene, glucarate, pectin, soluble fiber, and other compounds. Limonene a natural solvent cleaner is extracted from orange peels and … Citrus aurantium. Citrus Г- aurantium L., Rutaceae (bitter orange) is an evergreen tree with very fragrant flowers and orange, acidic-tasting ...
What makes Sweet Orange essential oil a favorite in aromatherapy is its delightfully refreshing, cool and crisp aroma which brings a lot of positive health effects to the mind and body. It can even change ones mood from somber to joyful. Its usually used in diffuser to not only create a rejuvenating aura but also to deodorize the room. Learn more about Sweet Orange Essential Oil or find a great deal on the best selling Sweet Orange Oil from the items below! Best Pure Essential Oils
Oranges (Citrus sinensis) are the citrus fruit we are most familiar with. They do not exist in the wild, but were cultivated in Asia since ancient times. It is thought that the first oranges were hybrids of the pomelo and the mandarin. Oranges were brought to the Middle East in the 9th century, and into Italy by 11th-century Crusaders. By the 15th century, they had been introduced to Europe, and soon after, trees were being grown in the Caribbean Islands and in Florida. However, orange trees are temperature sensitive and the fruit was difficult to transport over long distances, so the fruit was rather expensive for most people. They were considered a real treat for the holidays, which explains their association with Christmas. Your parents or grandparents will likely remember how special it was to see an orange in the toe of their Christmas stocking.. That changed in the 1920s, when canned orange juice began to be marketed as a health drink. Vitamins were pushed as the new miracle cure, and the ...
Malvis Robaina-Mesa 1, Jorge Enrique Rodríguez Chanfrau 2, *. 1Center for Drug Research and Development, Havana, Cuba. 2Institute of Chemistry, Paulista State University, Araraquara, Brazil. *corresponding author e-mail address: [email protected] , 7801488065. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, Volume 10, Issue 1, 2020, 4825 - 4829, https://doi.org/10.33263/BRIAC101.825829 ABSTRACT. Polysaccharides are high molecular weight polymers that have functional groups, which can be used as sites to derivate or bind specific ligands. Pectin is a polysaccharide that is obtained from plant resources mainly from citrus plants. It is a widely used product in the food and in the pharmaceutical industry for its thickener, stabilizing and gelling properties. The objective of this work was to establish a pectin drying process obtained by acid hydrolysis from citrus waste by spray dry. An acid extraction process with the dry and ground plant material was used. The influence of the inlet and ...
This article is shared with permission from our friends at Dr. Mercola.. Oranges are one of the most popular fruits in the U.S., but very few consume the peel, which is arguably the healthiest part of the whole fruit. Orange peels are rich in flavonoids, like hesperidin and polymethoxyflavones (PMFs), and other phytochemicals, which contribute many of their health benefits.. Flavonoids - antioxidant compounds found in certain fruits, vegetables, herbs, and spices - are known for their role in helping to prevent chronic diseases like heart disease and cancer.. In addition, orange peel contains higher amounts of certain nutrients than its flesh. For instance, 3.5 ounces of orange peel provides 136 milligrams (mg) of vitamin C, while the flesh contains about 71 mg.1. Orange peel also contains considerable amounts of calcium, copper, magnesium, vitamin A, folate and other B vitamins and dietary fiber.. They have an intense orange and bitter flavor, but the latter is often a clue that a food is ...
Sweet Orange as a Natural Bug Repellent. The orange (Citrus sinensus), sometimes known as sweet orange, is a valuable fruit not only for its edibility, but for the high quantities of the substance limonene, sometimes called d-limonene, found in its peel and zest. Limonene is a pesticide and is found in many commercial ...
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Citrus greening disease [Huanglongbing (HLB)] is the most destructive disease of citrus. In this work, we have established a metabolite-based mass spectrometry (MS) method for rapid detection of HLB in navel orange trees. Without sample pretreatment, characteristic mass spectra can be directly obtained from the raw plant samples using the direct MS method. The whole detection process can be accomplished within 1 min. By monitoring and comparisons of the healthy and infected plants throughout a whole year, characteristic MS peaks of metabolites are found to be specific responses from infected plants and, thus, could be used as biomarkers for detection of HLB. Therefore, HLB could be directly detected in the asymptomatic samples, such as stems, using this metabolite-based direct MS method. In addition, principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis modes of metabolites from healthy and infected trees were established for investigating differentiation and seasonal ...
1. Benefits to the skin: Sweet orange essential oil has a handful of benefits to the skin when added to your regular skin care cream or lotions. Massaging your skin gently with 2 drops of Orange sweet oil blended with mild carrier oil like jojoba oil can help in treating acne, skin irritation, microbial infections, wounds, cuts, abrasions and dermatitis with its antiseptic properties.. Known as a skin tonic, this oil stimulates the lymphatic system and aids in eliminating the toxins of the congested skin surface.. As a natural skin energizer, Orange sweet oil penetrates deeply into the pores and supports the formation of collagen in the skin. This helps in augmenting the elasticity of the skin, reduces wrinkles, removes excess oil, improves skin complexion and grants a never before brighter, fairer, spotless, healthy and glowing skin.. Adding 2 drops of Orange sweet oil in lukewarm bathing water or in facial steam helps in refreshing and revitalizing your skin and aids in fighting the symptoms ...
This study aims to compare the effect of an anthocyanin-rich blood orange juice with a standard (no anthocyanin) blonde orange juice on markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD).. Participants aged between 25 and 84 years of age will be recruited into a single arm, two way cross-over study based on their waist measurement, with 42 individuals required to complete the study. Participants will each receive two interventions in a randomised order: 500mL blood orange juice daily for 28 days, and 500ml standard (blonde) orange juice daily for 28 days.. Prior to each intervention there will be a 2 week run in period where participants will be asked to avoid consuming foods rich in anthocyanins. After the first 28 day intervention period, there will be a 3 week wash out period after which the participants will be asked to then drink the other juice for 28 days. The 500 mL of blood orange juice contains approximately 50mg of anthocyanins, whereas the standard juice contains none.. Blood samples will be ...
The Orange Blossom Chapter of LPA is raising money with a bowl-a-thon! Proceeds will benefit the Orange Blossom Chapter and the national organization of LPA. LPA OBCs goal is to raise $1000. Join us! In an effort to be proactive in encouraging public awareness of positive stories of the dwarfism community and in keeping with our mission LPA has declared October National Dwarfism Awareness Month.. Suggested donation amounts are: $10.00 $20.00 $25.00 $50.00 $100.00 for the event.. Thank you for your support!. ...
Wild Orange Citrus sinensis With multiple health benefits and an energizing aroma that can uplift the mind and body, Wild Orange has become one of doTERRAs top selling essential oils.* Part Number: 30170001 Size: 15 mL Wholesale: $10.50 Retail: $14.00 PV: 10.50 GET IT NOW!!! Description Cold pressed from the peel, Wild Orange is one of…
As a unique blend of high quality organic grapefruit seed extract, enhanced with organic acerola and essential oils, Oralis Protect Organic has it all !. Internal use : Adults: Take 15 to 25 drops up to 3 times per day, diluted in a glass of water or fruit juice. Children over 6years : Take 10-15 drops, 2-3 times a day in water or fruit juice. External use : Mix 2 drops with 2 ml of shampoo or toothpaste for example. Add 4 drops to a quarter of a cup of water and gargle for 30 seconds to help maintain good oral hygiene.. NH079. 50ml. INGREDIENTS :. Glycerine (Thickening Agent), Organic Grapefruit Seed Extract (Citrus paradisi), Organic Acerola Dried Extract (Malpighia punicifolia), Purified Water, Preservative: Citric Acid, Aromas: Organic Caramel, Organic Orange (Citrus sinensis), Natural Flavourings : Essential Oils of Organic Thyme (Thymus vulgaris), Organic Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia).. ...
Pangea Organics Lip Balm Egyptian Fennel Grapefruit and Sweet Orange GRAPEFRUIT antioxidant, euphoric SWEET ORANGE soothing, vitamin-richIngredients HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (ORGANIC SUNFLOWER) SEED OIL, CERA ALBA (ORGANIC BEESWAX), SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS (ORGANIC JOJOBA) O...deep-moisturizing, organic oils that offer tremendous staying power without that unwanted waxy feel. Nourishing and protecting, our lip balms have high bioavailability (easy for the body to use), a...
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Microbial biotransformation is a relevant strategy to obtain high added value natural compounds under controlled environmentally friendly conditions. In this research work, the use of agro-residues (orange peel oil) in the biotransformation of D-limonene by a native Penicillium italicumAUMC13045 species isolated from decayed orange was evaluated. The chemical analysis of water-steam distilled orange peel oil was determined by Gass Chromatography (GC) and D-limonene was shown to be the predominant constituent, representing 82.87% of the total content. It was investigated that the highest α-terpineol yield was obtained by Malt Yeast Broth (MYB) medium at the second day after the first addition of orange peel oil. The highest α-terpineol selectivity obtained when bioconversion media inoculated with fungal conidia at the early stage of the exponential growth. The investigated samples gave higher α-terpineol yield when extracted by mixture of (1:1) diethyl ether and pentane.
Data from epidemiological and in vitro studies suggest that orange juice (OJ) may have a positive impact on lipid metabolism. However, there have been reports in the media claiming detrimental consequences of 100% juice consumption, including weight-gain and adverse effects on insulin sensitivity and blood l
Orange oil is an essential oil produced by cells within the rind of an orange fruit (Citrus sinensis fruit). In contrast to most essential oils, it is extracted as a by-product of orange juice production by centrifugation, producing a cold-pressed oil. It is composed of mostly (greater than 90%) d-limonene, and is often used in place of pure d-limonene. D-limonene can be extracted from the oil by distillation. The compounds inside an orange oil varies with each different oil extraction. Composition variety happens as a result of regional and seasonal changes as well as the method used for extraction. Several hundred compounds have been identified with gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry. Most of the substances in the oil belong to the terpene group with limonene being the dominant one. Long chain aliphatic hydrocarbon alcohols and aldehydes like 1-octanol and octanal are second important group of substances. The presence of sinensetin explains the orange color. Orange oil is used as a cleaner. ...
Consumption of 100% orange juice (OJ) has been positively associated with nutrient adequacy and diet quality, with no increased risk of overweight/obesity in children; however, no one has examined these factors in adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of 100% OJ consumption with nutrient adequacy, diet quality, and risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a nationally representative sample of adults. Data from adults 19+ years of age (n = 8,861) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006 were used. The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate the usual intake (UI) of 100% OJ consumption, selected nutrients, and food groups. Percentages of the population below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) or above the Adequate Intake (AI) were determined. Diet quality was measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005). Covariate adjusted logistic regression was used to determine if consumers had a lower odds ratio of being
There are 40 calories in 1 container (4 oz) of Del Monte No Sugar Added Mandarin Orange Fruit Cup. Youd need to walk 10 minutes to burn 40 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
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INDANG CHRISTIAN ACADEMY ALULOD, INDANG, CAVITE Effect of Orange (Citrus sinensis) and Calamondin (Citrus microcarpa) to Fruit fly A Research Project:
For all their similarities, they also have some differences. Citrus sinensis, or (sweet) orange, is one of the most popular essential oils. Sweet, warm, sensuous, radiant, alive - it smells good, like an orange. The bitter orange gives a slightly more delicate aroma. Use essential oil of orange when you find yourself taking everything too seriously, when youve forgotten how to laugh or feel withdrawn. It helps to dispel tension and nervousness, replacing those feelings with lightheartedness, happiness, and less fear of the unknown. It is often used as a nerve tonic to calm and relax, regenerate. Orange represents feminine (yin) energy, allowing an open-hearted outlook. It works in harmony with lemon, which represents masculine energy, aiding concentration and supplying energy. They both harmonize feelings with a positive influence on mood ...
Orange trees are relatively carefree to grow. Within one or two years after you plant one, you will begin harvesting the sweet fruit. However, people are not the only ones who like oranges--a number of insect pests also enjoy chewing on the trees leaves and sometimes its fruit. A few insects wont hurt your ...
There are many ways in which you can eat Navel oranges. The possibilities of using them are endless. You can eat them directly and enjoy their juicy and tangy flavor as they are seedless. You can make a juice with them, although Valencia oranges better suit this purpose.. You can make jams from these lovely Navel oranges and store them You can add them to fruit salads, ice creams. You can blend them together with few other fruits to make a delicious, appetizing and healthy smoothie.. You can add these sweet oranges to your yogurt and enjoy a delicious treat. You can also add them to your bread, biscuits, and other baked foods. You can also add them to your vegetable salad and give a pleasant surprise to your family members.. ...
If youre wondering what a PaPaw or Paw Paw is, rest your minds - its what we call Papaya. You know that deliciously sweet orange fruit we get in abundance
shrubs; autumn camellias (Camellia sasanqua cv.s); oranges (Citrus sinensis cv.); Hibiscus spp.; French lavender (Lavandula ... lemon and other citrus trees, mulberries and other fruit. The flower gardens were on one side terraced down to the river.'. The ... Wisteria sinensis). The estate included a range of outbuildings comprising a gatehouse, stables and dairy. A Chapel was added ...
The larvae feed on Citrus sinensis. Dalceridae genus list Miller, S.E., 1994: Systematics of the Neotropical moth family ...
martinii), and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) flowers. (R)-linalool is present in lavender (Lavandula officinalis), bay laurel ... citrus fruits), but also birch trees and other plants, from tropical to boreal climate zones. Lavandula Cinnamomum tamala ...
January 2013). "The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis)". Nature Genetics. 45 (1): 59-66. doi:10.1038/ng.2472. PMID ... Citrus sinensis) and the domesticated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genome With the emergence of third-generation sequencing ( ...
The citrus long-horned beetle (A. chinensis syn. A. malasiaca) has been introduced from Asia to Europe and North America. It is ... Species include: Anoplophora beryllina Anoplophora cheni Anoplophora chinensis - citrus long-horned beetle Anoplophora davidis ... Anoplophora chinensis. USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry. North American Forest Commission Exotic Forest Pest ... a pest of citrus and other fruit and nut trees. It infests forest trees and ornamentals. It attacks over 100 species of trees, ...
These are usually Citrus host plant species such as sweet orange Citrus × sinensis. Predators of Lepidosaphes beckii include ... Citrus mussel scale. HYPPZ, accessed 22 January 2012. Watson G. W. "Lepidosaphes beckii - Description" Archived 2016-03-04 at ... Lepidosaphes beckii also known as purple scale, mussel scale, citrus mussel scale, orange scale, comma scale and mussel purple ... The adult female citrus mussel scale is up to three millimetres long. ...
The orange blossom is the fragrant flower of the Citrus sinensis (orange tree). It is used in perfume making, has been written ... Orange blossom honey (citrus honey) is produced by putting beehives in the citrus groves during blooming period. This also ... pollinates seeded citrus varieties. Orange blossom honey is highly prized and tastes much like the fruit. In Spain, fallen ...
Citrus × sinensis, sweet oranges, Valencia oranges, Navel oranges, and blood oranges Citrus ampullacea, flask-shaped orange ... pear-shaped orange Citrus reticulata, mandarin orange Citrus suavissima, pleasant orange Citrus succosa, sappy orange Citrus ... bergamot orange Citrus bigaradia, bigarade orange Citrus clementina, clementine orange Citrus indica, Indian wild orange Citrus ... naruto orange Citrus micrantha, small-flowered bitter orange Citrus myrtifolia, myrtle-leafed orange Citrus natsudaidai, ...
The larvae feed on Medicago, Gloriosa superba, Cedrela toonica, Rumex, Citrus, Salix, Litchi and Camellia sinensis. They ...
"The Effect of Dried Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit Pulp Meal on the Growth Performance of Rabbits". Pakistan Journal of ...
Citrus soon became the fashion of the nobility and rich merchants. By the sixteenth century, sweet oranges (Citrus × sinensis) ... Citrus × sinensis) trees that are over 200 years old. The Orangerie shelters an assortment of statuary, the most famous of ... As Louis XIV grew older he became allergic to flowers and preferred the smell of the citrus trees developing a love for orange ... Citrus motifs formed themes in sculpture, mosaics, embroidery, weaving, paintings, poems, and songs throughout history, and ...
Originally planted in Bidwell's Bar near the Bidwell Bar Bridge, the tree is a Mediterranean sweet orange Citrus × sinensis ... California Citrus State Historic Park Eliza Tibbets - founder of the California citrus industry Orcutt Ranch Horticulture ... The citrus rootstock was brought from Mazatlán, Mexico, on a shipping vessel. The two-year-old orange tree, which was a novelty ... The tree's survival proved that the citrus industry could thrive in the colder climate of Northern California, encouraging many ...
The cam sành (Vietnamese: [kaːm ʂâjŋ̟]) or King orange (Citrus reticulata × sinensis) is a citrus hybrid originating in Vietnam ... "King tangor Citrus nobilis Lour". Citrus Variety Collection. UCR. Retrieved 29 May 2012. UCR, Riverside. "Citrus Clonal Program ... It is one among many citrus fruits from the region. These include the closely related yellow cam canh and reddish to yellow cam ... Scion for grafting is available through the University of California Citrus Clonal Protection Program. One notable difference ...
"The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck var 'Ridge Pineapple': organization and phylogenetic ... Odontella sinensis". Plant Molecular Biology Reporter. 13 (4): 336-342. doi:10.1007/BF02669188. ISSN 0735-9640. Oudot-Le Secq ...
The caterpillar is known to feed on Dioscorea, Annona, Tamarindus, Citrus, Loranthus, Theobroma cacao, Lagerstroemia indica, ... Camellia sinensis and Eriobotrya japonica. Three subspecies are recognized. Nygmia xanthomela catala (Holloway, 1982) - Java, ...
... is a citrus fruit hybrid of the mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) and the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). The name "tangor" ... Tangors are purposely bred or accidental hybrids of the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) and the mandarin (Citrus reticulata), ... Clementine' (a commercially important cultivar) 'King' ("King of Siam"; formerly Citrus nobilis) 'Kuchinotsu No. 37' (Kiyomi x ... Satsuma hybrids Temple tangor by Citrus Variety Collection v t e v t e. ...
... (清見, kiyomi) (Citrus unshiu × sinensis) is a Japanese citrus fruit that is a hybrid of a Miyagawa Wase mikan and an ... 1983). "Kiyomi: A new variety of citrus" (PDF). Bulletin of Fruit Tree Research Station B (in Japanese). Ministry of ... so it is often used as a parent citrus to create new hybrids such as Dekopon.[citation needed] "Trovita sweet orange". ...
Orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) Etymology, Gernot Katzer, Gernot Katzer Spice Pages, formerly University of Graz, February ... Under this assumption, the Greek botanical name chosen for all citrus species was Hesperidoeidē (Ἑσπεριδοειδῆ, "hesperidoids ... and is preserved in the term Hesperidium for the fruits of citrus and some other plants. One reason why oranges might be ... "). It was also used by Carl Linnaeus, who gave the name Hesperides to an order containing the genus Citrus, in allusion to the ...
The edible fruit closely resembles the orange (Citrus sinensis) in color and shape but is much smaller, being approximately the ... "Growing citrus -- in Orangeburg! It takes work, but he has made it happen". Retrieved 3 March 2021. "RHS Plantfinder - Citrus ... Historically they were viewed as falling within the genus Citrus, but the Swingle system of citrus taxonomy elevated them to ... The leaves are dark glossy green, and the flowers are white, similar to other citrus flowers, and can be borne singly or ...
The orange is the fruit of the citrus sinensis or aurantium, a tree that first appeared in China and other southern areas of ...
Buddleja, Camellia sinensis, Citrus maxima, Dendrophthoe glabrescens, Loranthus parasiticus, Loranthus pentandrus, Loranthus ... yadoriki, Nauclea rotundifolia, Santalum album, Taxillus chinensis, Taxillus limprichtii, Taxillus nigrans and Taxillus ...
Citrus × sinensis) in Florida. If detected early, picking the cases from the trees while in their pupa stage is an effective ...
Camellia sinensis), avocado (Persea americana), citrus (Citrus spp.) and cacao (Theobroma cacao). Adult females are range ... The tea shot hole borer has been known to cause devastating damage to tea (Camellia sinensis) in at least ten different ...
... including Citrus sinensis, Persea americana, Macadamia integrifolia, Litchi chinensis, Vitis vinifera and Morus species. also ...
... the fruit of the tree species Citrus × sinensis Orange blossom, its fragrant flower Some other citrus or citrus-like fruit, see ...
Citrus sinensis, Dodonaea viscosa, Dracaena, Gardenia, Gliricidia septum, Gossypium, Ipomoea batatas, Lycopersicon esculentum, ...
The most economically important genus in the family is Citrus, which includes the orange (C. × sinensis), lemon (C. × limon), ... The Rutaceae is a family, commonly known as the rue or citrus family, of flowering plants, usually placed in the order ... Non-citrus fruits include the white sapote (Casimiroa edulis), orangeberry (Glycosmis pentaphylla), Clymenia (Clymenia ... ISBN 978-1-4020-9608-2. RUTACEAE in BoDD - Botanical Dermatology Database "Rutaceae (Citrus family) - 245 images at ...
... camphora Cistus creticus Cistus ladanifer Cistus monspeliensis Citrus limon Citrus medica Citrus reticulata Citrus sinensis ...
700 - 2,500 ppm in fruit of Citrus aurantium L. - Bitter Orange, Petitgrain in orange juice (Citrus sinensis) in Zanthoxylum ... "Citrus aurantium L." Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. 6 Oct 2014. Archived from the original on 2004-11- ... As a flavanone found in the rinds of citrus fruits (such as oranges or lemons), hesperidin is under preliminary research for ... Its name is derived from the word "hesperidium", for fruit produced by citrus trees. Hesperidin was first isolated in 1828 by ...
Camellia sinensis, Capsicum, Citrus, Coffea liberica, Dalbergia sissoo, Duranta, Glycine max, Indigofera zollingeriana and ...
Citrus paradisi Macfad and Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck». Journal of Essential Oil Research. doi:10.1080/10412905.1995.9698477. ... Gurib-Fakim, A.; Demarne, F.. «Aromatic Plants of Mauritius: Volatile Constituents of the Leaf Oils of Citrus aurantium L., ...
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Salix alba. Palmately (multicostate reticulate). More than one primary veins arising from a single ... Citrus leaves with translucent glands[17]. A structurally complete leaf of an angiosperm consists of a petiole (leaf stalk), a ...
Camellia sinensis), nor with decaffeinated tea, in which the caffeine has been removed. Like beverages made from true teas, ... Citrus peel, including bergamot, lemon and orange peel. *Dandelion coffee. *Dill tea ...
Citrus greening is a bacterial disease vectored by the invasive Asian citrus psyllid (ACP). Because of the impacts of this ... For example, invasion of Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis have resulted in higher bioturbation and bioerosion rates.[71] ... Diseases may also be vectored by invasive insects such as the Asian citrus psyllid and the bacterial disease citrus greening.[ ... disease on citrus crops, citrus is under quarantine and highly regulated in areas where ACP has been found.[98] ...
... × limon - Lemon. Citrus × limonia - Rangpur. Citrus × paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus × sinensis - Sweet orange. Citrus × ... Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange. Citrus micrantha - a papeda. Citrus hystrix - Kaffir lime. Citrus ... Citrus japonica - Kumquat Important hybrids:. Citrus × aurantiifolia - Key lime. Citrus × aurantium - Bitter orange. Citrus × ... Tangelo - Citrus ×tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. ×paradisi). *Tangor - Citrus ×nobilis (C. reticulata × C. ×sinensis) ...
All types of pu'er tea are created from máochá (毛茶), a mostly unoxidized green tea processed from Camellia sinensis var. ... stems or packed and bound into a ball inside the peel of various citrus fruits. ... wild species Camellia taliensis can command a much higher price than pu'er made from the more common Camellia sinensis.[33] ...
... kumquat Citrus limon - lemon Citrus medica - citron Citrus paradisi - grapefruit Citrus reticulata - mandarin Citrus sinensis ... and kumquats Citrus aurantiifolia - lime Citrus aurantium - sour orange Citrus grandis - shaddock; pumelo Citrus japonica ( ... Canada yew Taxus chinensis - Chinese yew Taxus cuspidata - Japanese yew Taxus floridana - Florida yew Taxus globosa - Mexican ... Siebold's maple Acer sinense - Campbell's maple Acer skutchii - Skutch's maple Acer spicatum - mountain maple; moose maple Acer ...
"Characterization of anthocyanins and pyranoanthocyanins from blood orange Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck juice". Journal of ...
The blood orange is a variety of orange (Citrus × sinensis) with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh. ... "Citrus Industry: Crop Protection. Volume I: History, World Distribution, Botany, and Varieties (Rev. ed.). University of ... Blood oranges have a unique flavor compared to other oranges, being distinctly raspberry-like in addition to the usual citrus ... Nicolosi, E.; Deng, Z. N.; Gentile, A.; La Malfa, S.; Continella, G.; Tribulato, E. (2000). "Citrus phylogeny and genetic ...
... × limon - Lemon. Citrus × limonia - Rangpur. Citrus × paradisi - Grapefruit. Citrus × sinensis - Sweet orange. Citrus × ... Citrus medica - Citron. Citrus micrantha - Papeda. Citrus reticulata - Mandarin orange. Important hybrids:. Citrus × ... Tangelo - Citrus ×tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. ×paradisi). *Tangor - Citrus ×nobilis (C. reticulata × C. ×sinensis) ... Sweet orange - Citrus ×sinensis (probably C. maxima × C. reticulata). *Tangelo - Citrus ×tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or ...
Data related to Citrus sinensis at Wikispecies. *Citrus sinensis List of Chemicals (Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical ... The orange is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae, native to China.[1] It is also called ... Like all other citrus fruits, the sweet orange is non-climacteric. The Citrus sinensis group is subdivided into four classes ... Other citrus groups also known as oranges are: *Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) is an original species of citrus, and is a ...
Leaves of the curry tree (Murraya koenigii) are eaten, those of kaffir lime (Citrus × hystrix) (in Thai food)[120] and ... Camellia sinensis, the source of tea, is a small tree but seldom reaches its full height, being heavily pruned to make picking ... Apples, pears, plums, cherries and citrus are all grown commercially in temperate climates and a wide range of edible fruits ...
Plemyria chinensis Leech, 1897. *Plemyria dahurica Staudinger, 1892. *Plemyria delicata Dyar, 1927 ... Polites citrus Mabille, 1889. *Polites clara Plotz, 1883. *Polites combinata Plotz, 1883 ...
Eriocheir sinensis)]]Salah satu pengaruh manusia dalam memperkenalkan spesies baru merupakan manusia prasejarah memperkenalkan ... Lantana tumbuh di ladang citrus yang ditinggalkan; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel. Spesies ceroboh mungkin mampu menggunakan sumber ...
State Flower: Orange blossom - (Citrus sinensis). *State Insect: Zebra Longwing Butterfly [1] ... Alachua · Baker · Bay · Bradford · Brevard · Broward · Calhoun · Charlotte · Citrus · Clay · Collier · Columbia · DeSoto · ...
Electron micrograph of a stoma from a Brassica chinensis (Bok Choy) leaf ...
The citrus long-horned beetle (Anoplophora chinensis), for example, has larvae that feed on wood, including that of fig trees; ...
Chinese tea is a beverage made from the leaves of tea plants (Camellia sinensis) and - depending on the type of tea - typically ... Citrus soft drinks. *Herbal teas. *Hot drinks. *Juices. *Lemon dishes and drinks ...
Citrus sinensis, Citrus unshiu)". Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 18: 445-7. doi:10.1007/BF00579640.. ... Grapefruit seed extract (GSE), also known as citrus seed extract, is a liquid extract derived from the seeds, pulp, and white ... Arthington JD, Kunkle WE, Martin AM (July 2002). "Citrus pulp for cattle". Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 18 (2): 317- ... The grapefruit is a subtropical citrus tree grown for its fruit which was originally named the "forbidden fruit" of Barbados.[5 ...
In CitrusEdit. Extracts of unripe fruit from Asian cultivars of Citrus aurantium (commonly known as "bitter" orange), collected ... sinensis Tan.): ~85 mg/L; Nova tangerine (C. reticulata Tan.): ~78 mg/L; clementine (C. clementina Tan.): ~115 mg/L; Meyer ... was first isolated as a natural product from the leaves of various Citrus trees, and its presence noted in different Citrus ... Synephrine, as the free base isolated from a Citrus source, has m.p. 162-164 °C (with decomposition).[3][4][dead link] ...
Citrus Sinensis L. Osbeck)". Journal of Horticultural Sciences. 44 (4): 311-320. doi:10.1080/00221589.1969.11514314.. ...
The common sweet orange (Citrus × sinensis) is a pomelo × mandarin hybrid. *The bitter orange (Citrus × aurantium) is another ... Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis, is the largest citrus fruit from the Rutaceae family. It is a natural (non-hybrid) citrus ... Main article: Citrus taxonomy. The pomelo is one of the original citrus species from which the rest of cultivated citrus ... The pomelo is one of the original citrus species from which the rest of cultivated citrus hybridized. The popular fruit is used ...
Citrus × sinensis. (L.) Osbeck[১] মাল্টা হচ্ছে Citrus × sinensis উদ্ভিদের ফল। এর ইংরেজি নাম Orange বা Sweet orange,[২] যদিও ... উইকিপ্রজাতিতে-এ বিষয় সম্পর্কিত তথ্যে রয়েছে: Citrus sinensis. *Citrus sinensis List of Chemicals (Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and ... "Citrus sinensis information from NPGS/GRIN"। www.ars-grin.gov। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৩-১৭।. উদ্ধৃতি টেমপ্লেট ইংরেজি প্যারামিটার ... "Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro sp.) (maxima × reticulata) sweet orange"। Plants.USDA.gov।. উদ্ধৃতি টেমপ্লেট ইংরেজি ...
Rubiaceae (Bedstraw family) Coffea, Coffee Rutaceae (Rue family) Citrus, Citrus Phellodendron, Cork-tree Tetradium, Euodia ... Golden rain tree Litchi sinensis, Lychee Ungnadia speciosa, Mexican Buckeye Sapotaceae (Sapodilla family) Argania spinosa, ...
Epicalyx of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. An epicalyx, which forms an additional whorl around the calyx of a single flower, is a ...
This is an electron micrograph of the epidermal cells of a Brassica chinensis leaf. The stomates are also visible. ...
Citrus ×sinensis) in Florida. If detected early, picking the cases from the trees while in their pupa stage is an effective way ...
... citricola-causes root rot and stem cankers in citrus trees. *Phytophthora fragariae-causes red root rot affecting ... Phytophthora sinensis *Phytophthora siskiyouensis *Phytophthora sojae *Phytophthora stricta *Phytophthora sulawesiensis * ...
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Salix alba. Palmately (multicostate reticulate). More than one primary veins arising from a single ... Translucent glands in Citrus leaves[17]. External leaf characteristics, such as shape, margin, hairs, the petiole, and the ...
取自 "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citrus_sinensis&oldid=319258730" ... Citrus • Species: Citrus sinensis L. (1753) ... Citrus sinensis in the National Botanic Garden of Belgium - ...
Citrus sinensis linked to current category] [edit wikidata Citrus ×sinensis main topic of Category:Citrus sinensis] ... Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Source: Tropicos.org). *Tropicos link: Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Accepted Names (2): Citrus ... ITIS link: Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Accepted name: Citrus X sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro. sp.)) Invalid ... The orange (specifically, the sweet orange) is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae.JPG ...
CITRUS SINENSIS (SWEET ORANGE). Click here for all products containing this ingredient ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Citrus sinensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Citrus_sinensis&oldid=4279402" ...
The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis).. Xu Q1, Chen LL, Ruan X, Chen D, Zhu A, Chen C, Bertrand D, Jiao WB, Hao BH ... Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). The assembled sequence covers ... With additional sequencing of two more citrus species and comparative analyses of seven citrus genomes, we present evidence to ... This draft genome represents a valuable resource for understanding and improving many important citrus traits in the future. ...
Citrus somatic hybridization has been extensively applied assisting the development of the somatic hybrids which can be used in ... e utilizá-las como parentais no processo de hibridação somática com outras espécies do gênero Citrus, a fim de produzir ... and use these plants as parents in the somatic hybridization process with other species of Citrus. Plants of 20 pummelo ... Neste contexto, este trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de selecionar plantas de toranja (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck) ...
The citrus long-horned beetle is a wood-boring insect that is native to Asia. The larvae of this beetle can kill trees directly ... The citrus long-horned beetle is a wood-boring insect that is native to Asia. The larvae of this beetle can kill trees:. * ... The citrus long-horned beetle has been introduced on several occasions into Europe, and has been detected in and subsequently ... The beetle gets its name from the damage caused to citrus groves in its native China. However, it feeds on and damages a wide ...
Citrus sinensis (Sweet orange) (Citrus aurantium var. sinensis)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A067GR08,A0A067GR08_CITSI Uncharacterized protein OS=Citrus sinensis OX=2711 GN=CISIN_1g011471mg PE=4 SV=1 ...
Citrus Sinensis ) from G Baldwin & Co one of the leading herbalists in London, supplying an extensive range of natural remedies ...
This study concluded that Citrus sinensis seed could be utilized as potential raw material for oil producing industries. ... This paper performed the physicochemical and proximate analysis of the extracts isolated from Citrus sinensis from Dutsinma ... Hon, F.M., Oluremi, O.I.A. and Anugwa,, F.O.I. (2009) The Effect of Dried Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit Pulp Meal on the ... This study concluded that Citrus sinensis seed could be utilized as potential raw material for oil producing industries. ...
Citrus Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)1. Jamba Gyeltshen and Amanda ... Adult citrus longhorned beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster). Credit: Washington State Department of Agriculture Archives; ... The study of wood borers in China -- I: Biology and control of the citrus-root-cerambycids, Melanauster chinensis, Forster ( ... The citrus longhorned beetle (CLHB), Anoplophora chinenis (Forster), is a serious pest of citrus in China but did not occur in ...
Mismatch repair - Citrus sinensis (Valencia orange) [ Pathway menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show description , Image ( ...
"Flavonoids as Authenticity Markers for Citrus Sinensis Juice." Fruit Processing.. APA. Ooghe, W. (1999). Flavonoids as ... "Flavonoids as Authenticity Markers for Citrus Sinensis Juice." Fruit Processing 1999 : 308-313. Print. ... Ooghe W. Flavonoids as authenticity markers for Citrus sinensis juice. Fruit Processing. 1999. p. 308-13. ... Flavonoids as authenticity markers for Citrus sinensis juice.}, volume = {9}, year = {1999}, } ...
Comparative study of flavonoid production in lycopene-accumulated and blonde-flesh sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis) during fruit ... Citrus sinensis). No bitter neohesperidosides were detected in the FG profiles, indicating the functional inability of 1,2- ... that lycopene accumulation might have direct or indirect effects on the modification of flavonoid biosynthesis in these citrus ...
Fertilize citrus in late winter or early spring. In recent years because of the mild winters growing citrus has been quite ... Citrus sinensis /Louisiana Sweet Orange. Citrus tree with ripe fruit View Image (Full) ... Fertilize citrus in late winter or early spring. In recent years because of the mild winters growing citrus has been quite ...
Mentha spicata and Citrus sinensis (ten participants each). One group was nebulized by Citrus sinensis flower oil and the other ... This study aimed to assess the effects of Citrus sinensis flower and Mentha spicata leaves essential oils inhalation in two ... sinensis essential oils on the exercise performance and respiratory function parameters. However, our conclusion and ... Mentha spicata and Citrus sinensis (ten participants each). One group was nebulized by Citrus sinensis flower oil and the other ...
Comparative Studies of Plumeria Species for their Phytochemical and Antifungal Properties Against Citrus sinensis Pathogens ... Comparative Studies of Plumeria Species for their Phytochemical and Antifungal Properties Against Citrus sinensis Pathogens ... Comparative Studies of Plumeria Species for their Phytochemical and Antifungal Properties Against Citrus sinensis Pathogens G. ... Comparative Studies of Plumeria Species for their Phytochemical and Antifungal Properties Against Citrus sinensis Pathogens. ...
Kumar, P., Mishra, S., Malik, A. et al. Insecticidal Evaluation of essential oils of Citrus sinensis L. (Myrtales: Myrtaceae) ... Insecticidal Evaluation of essential oils of Citrus sinensis L. (Myrtales: Myrtaceae) against housefly, Musca domestica L. ( ... In order to search for effective control agent, the essential oil of sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] was evaluated ... Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) by GC-MS and GC-O. Mol 13:1333-1344 ... Compositional analysis of C. sinensis essential oil using gas ...
Seedlings of Xuegan [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] were supplied every other day with B-deficient (0 μM H3BO3) or -sufficient ... deficiency-responsive miRNAs from citrus leaves in order to obtain the potential miRNAs related to the tolerance of citrus to B ... The great alteration of miRNA expression might contribute to the tolerance of citrus to B-deficiency. The adaptive responses of ... Our study reveals some novel responses of citrus to B-deficiency, which increase our understanding of the adaptive mechanisms ...
Citrus sinensis Osbeck) fruit, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research ... Identification of two chilling-regulated 1-aminocyclopropane- 1-carboxylate synthase genes from citrus (Citrus sinensis Osbeck ... Identification of two chilling-regulated 1-aminocyclopropane- 1-carboxylate synthase genes from citrus (Citrus sinensis Osbeck ... of carotenoids in citrus peel. To investigate if ethylene is required for the degreening of citrus peel elicited by low ...
Citrus sinensis","handle":"orange-sweet-essential-oil-100-pure-citrus-sinensis-organically-grown","description":"\u003cp\u003e\ ... Cold-pressed essential oil of Citrus sinensis peel, organically grown in USA. ... Citrus sinensis - 10ml","public_title":"10ml","options":["10ml"],"price":895,"weight":40,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_ ... Citrus sinensis - 25ml","public_title":"25ml","options":["25ml"],"price":1395,"weight":80,"compare_at_price":null,"inventory_ ...
Liu YZ, Liu Q, Tao NG, Deng XX: Efficient isolation of RNA from fruit peel and pulp of ripening navel orange (Citrus sinensis ... Bain JM: Morphological, anatomical, and physiological changes in the developing fruit of the Valencia orange, Citrus sinensis ( ... Citrus sinensis) red-flesh mutant. BMC Genomics. 2009, 10: 540-10.1186/1471-2164-10-540.PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle ... Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck). J Exp Bot. 2007, 58 (15-16): 4161-4171. 10.1093/jxb/erm273.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. ...
Citrus sinensis) fruit
peel on its maize replacement value in broiler starter diet was conducted. Sweet or... ... A 5-week feeding trial to determine the effect of fermentation of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit. peel on its maize ... Effect of Fermentation of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit Peel on its Phytonutrients and the Performance of Broiler ...
As with many citrus peel oils, Wild Orange contains powerful antioxidants that help maintain overall health.* It can be taken ...
Citrus sinensis RefTrans V1. Citrus sinensis CGD RefTrans V1. 2017-02-15. ESTs: 214,598 Reads: 1.2 billion. Contigs: 33,111. ... Citrus sinensis Unigene v1. Citrus sinensis unigene v1 (Csv1). 2010-06-22. Reads: 206,813. Contigs: 13,856. ... Citrus sinensis Unigene version 1.0 (Csv1). Citrus sinensis Unigene version 1.0 (Csv1). 2010-06-22. Reads: 206,813. Contigs: ... Citrus apomitic embryos (subtractive cDNA library). cDNA. Citrus sinensis low-temperature inducible suppression subtractive ...
Antimicrobial Effects of Citrus Sinensis Peel Extracts Against Periodontopathic Bacteria: An in Vitro Study Khaja Amjad Hussain ... Antimicrobial Effects of Citrus Sinensis Peel Extracts Against Periodontopathic Bacteria: An in Vitro Study Khaja Amjad Hussain ... Antimicrobial effects of Citrus sinensis peel extracts against dental caries bacteria: An in vitro study. Shetty SB, Mahin-Syed ... Materials and methods: Aqueous and ethanol (cold and hot) extracts prepared from peel of Citrus sinensis were screened for in ...
Citrus sinensis (Orange) Juice. Keeping in view the interactions mediated by grapefruit juice, other citrus fruits have also ... Citrus paradise (Grapefruit) Juice. A wide array of studies has reported the interaction of grapefruit juice with drugs. The ... Bailey, D.G.; Spence, J.D.; Munoz, C.; Arnold, J.M. Interaction of citrus juices with felodipine and nifedipine. Lancet 1991, ... Effect of Schisandra chinensis extract and Ginkgo biloba extract on the pharmacokinetics of talinolol in healthy volunteers. ...
Citrus sinensis. Sweet orange, also known as navel orange, is an evergreen tree noted not only for its delicious fruit, and ...
shrubs; autumn camellias (Camellia sasanqua cv.s); oranges (Citrus sinensis cv.); Hibiscus spp.; French lavender (Lavandula ... lemon and other citrus trees, mulberries and other fruit. The flower gardens were on one side terraced down to the river.. The ... Wisteria sinensis). The estate included a range of outbuildings comprising a gatehouse, stables and dairy. A Chapel was added ...
  • Neste contexto, este trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de selecionar plantas de toranja (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck) tolerantes à Phytophthora sp. (usp.br)
  • Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck (Rutaceae) commonly known as sweet orange is widely cultivated in India and fungal diseases are of major concern in postharvest decay of oranges, where sporulation from infected fruits affects the healthy ones during storage thereby reducing shelf life and market value. (scialert.net)
  • In order to search for effective control agent, the essential oil of sweet orange [ Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] was evaluated for its insecticidal activity against the larvae and pupae of housefly using contact toxicity and fumigation bioassays. (springer.com)
  • Seedlings of 'Xuegan' [ Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] were supplied every other day with B-deficient (0 μM H 3 BO 3 ) or -sufficient (10 μM H 3 BO 3 ) nutrient solution for 15 weeks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Transformação genética de laranja doce (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) com o gene cecropin. (usp.br)
  • Transformação genética de laranja doce ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) com o gene cecropin MB39 e avaliação de plantas transgênicas inoculadas com Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. (usp.br)
  • Com isso, este trabalho teve dois objetivos: 1) obter plantas transgênicas dos cultivares copa de laranja 'Hamlin' e laranja 'Pêra' ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) com o gene cecropin MB39 dirigido pelos promotores do gene da fenilalanina amônia-liase (PAL) clonado de citros (CsPP) e de Arabidopsis thaliana (AtPP), que conferem expressão gênica nos vasos do xilema. (usp.br)
  • Genetic transformation of sweet orange ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) with the cecropin MB39 gene and evaluation of transgenic plants inoculated with Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. (usp.br)
  • To analyze the effect of the juice obtained from two varieties of sweet orange ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck), Moro (a blood orange) and Navelina (a blond orange), on fat accumulation in mice fed a standard or a high-fat diet (HFD). (nature.com)
  • The sweet orange ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) fruit contains a variety of phytochemicals that contribute to the overall flavor and properties of the fruit. (nature.com)
  • Azevedo FA, Mourão Filho FAA, Mendes BMJ, Almeida WAB, Schinor EH, Pio R, Barbosa JM, Guidetti-Gonzalez S, Carrer H, Lam E (2006a) Genetic transformation of Rangpur lime (Citrus limonia Osbeck) with the bO (bacterio-opsin) gene and its initial evaluation for Phytophthora nicotianae resistance. (usp.br)
  • In the present study, the presence of copia -like retrotransposons, their heterogeneity, genomic distribution, and transcriptional activities in Citrus were investigated in 12 sweet orange ( Citrus sinensis Osbeck) cultivars using a PCR assay designed to detect copia -like reverse transcriptase (RT) sequences. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Between January and February 2007, diel variability in carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour (H2O) exchange with leaf temperature on four potted 5-year-old navel orange trees [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] on an open-air laboratory on the roof of the Physics Department (University of Zimbabwe) was measured. (ac.zw)
  • In the present work, an apple spermidine synthase gene ( MdSPDS1 ) was introduced into sweet orange ( Citrus sinensis Osbeck 'Anliucheng') via Agrobacterium -mediated transformation of embryogenic calluses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The species Citrus aurantium, Citrus sinensis, Citrus limon, and Citrus bergamia are well known and several studies have been carried out to evaluate the pharmacological effects of their extracts, essential oils, and isolated constituents. (intechopen.com)
  • The peels of the citrus fruits, Lemon ( Citrus limon ) and Orange ( Citrus sinensis ) Family Rutaceae, are sources of pectins, and these were evaluated as sustained release polymers in the formulation of microspheres of metoprolol succinate (MS), an antihypertensive agent. (scitechnol.com)
  • Pectin was extracted by a modified McGready (1996) method from Sinensis, Aurantifolia and Limon species of citrus and then precipitated by 95% acetone. (journalcra.com)
  • The equivalent weight in mg/mL was found to be 1849.62, 1388.89 and 1720.20 for C sinensis, C aurantifolia and C limon respectively, while the % methoxyl content determined gave the value of 4.19, 5.60 and 4.51% in the same order. (journalcra.com)
  • The percentage moisture content obtained from the 3 fruits was 60.53, 59.80 and 78.00%, for C sinensis, C aurantifolia and C limon respectively. (journalcra.com)
  • The pH determinations for the pectins were found to be C sinensis 4.3, C aurantifolia 4.9 and C limon 5.0. (journalcra.com)
  • Chungsamarnyart N, Jansawan W (1996) Acaricidal activity of peel oil of Citrus spp. (springer.com)
  • Li, Ning 2004-09-28 00:00:00 Diurnal change in the temperature below or above 12.5 °C hastens the degreening of citrus peel and elicits the phytohormone ethylene production in citrus fruit. (deepdyve.com)
  • Ethylene triggers the degradation of chlorophyll and synthesis of carotenoids in citrus peel. (deepdyve.com)
  • To investigate if ethylene is required for the degreening of citrus peel elicited by low temperatures, we studied the chilling-regulated gene expression of ACC synthase, one of the key enzymes catalyzing ethylene biosynthesis. (deepdyve.com)
  • We isolated and characterized a chilling-inducible 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (ACC synthase) gene, CS-ACS1, and a chilling-repressible gene, CS-ACS2, from citrus peel. (deepdyve.com)
  • of carotenoids in citrus peel. (deepdyve.com)
  • synthase (A CC synthase) gene, CS-A CS1, and a chilling-repr essible gene, CS-A CS2, from citrus peel. (deepdyve.com)
  • id":142691737,"title":"Orange, Sweet Essential Oil, Citrus sinensis","handle":"orange-sweet-essential-oil-100-pure-citrus-sinensis-organically-grown","description":"\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eOrange, Sweet Essential Oil\u003c\/span\u003e\u003c\/p\u003e\n\u003cp\u003e\u003cspan\u003eCold-pressed essential oil of Citrus sinensis peel, organically grown in USA. (plantessentials.com.au)
  • A 5-week feeding trial to determine the effect of fermentation of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit peel on its maize replacement value in broiler starter diet was conducted. (umm.ac.id)
  • As with many citrus peel oils, Wild Orange contains powerful antioxidants that help maintain overall health. (springfieldlakeschiropractic.com)
  • To assess the in vitro antimicrobial potential and also determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Citrus sinensis peel extracts with a view of searching a novel extract as a remedy for periodontal pathogens. (nih.gov)
  • Aqueous and ethanol (cold and hot) extracts prepared from peel of Citrus sinensis were screened for in vitro antimicrobial activity against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia, using agar well diffusion method. (nih.gov)
  • Minimum inhibitory concentration of hot and cold ethanolic extracts of Citrus sinensis peel ranged between 12-15 mg/ml against all three periodontal pathogens. (nih.gov)
  • Bergamot is a refreshing and cooling essential oil with a sweet, fruity odour, taken from the peel of the citrus fruit grown almost exclusively in Italy. (nyrorganic.com)
  • W, gentian ( Gentiana lutea )*, orange peel ( Citrus sinensis )*, and cinnamon ( Cinnamomum spp. (motherearthnews.com)
  • The genus Citrus belongs to family Rutaceae, which is characterized by trees and bushes. (intechopen.com)
  • The genus Citrus (Rutaceae) is one of the ancient, most traded, and most popular crops. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits , including important crops such as oranges , lemons , grapefruits , pomelos , and limes . (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Citrus is native to South Asia , East Asia , Southeast Asia , Melanesia , and Australia . (wikipedia.org)
  • 2018) has shown that the center of origin of the genus Citrus is likely the southeast foothills of the Himalayas , in a region stretching from eastern Assam , northern Myanmar , to western Yunnan . (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits , including important crops like oranges , lemons , grapefruit , pomelo and limes . (wikipedia.org)
  • About 7 million years ago, citrus plants diverged into two groups, the main citrus genus and the ancestors of the Trifoliate orange (poncirus), which is closely enough related that it can still be hybridized with all other citrus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three original species in the citrus genus that have been hybridized into most modern commercial citrus fruit are the mandarin orange , pummelo , and citron . (wikipedia.org)
  • Leprosis is a serious disease of citrus caused by Citrus leprosis virus C (CiLV-C, genus Cilevirus ) whose transmission is mediated by false spider mites of the genus Brevipalpus . (frontiersin.org)
  • With additional sequencing of two more citrus species and comparative analyses of seven citrus genomes, we present evidence to suggest that sweet orange originated from a backcross hybrid between pummelo and mandarin. (nih.gov)
  • and use these plants as parents in the somatic hybridization process with other species of Citrus. (usp.br)
  • Citrus species are extensively cultivated throughout the world because of their multiple health benefits for humans and their applications in pharmaceutical and food industries. (intechopen.com)
  • This chapter is a survey covering in vitro and in vivo studies that demonstrate the pharmacological activities of various Citrus species. (intechopen.com)
  • Various citrus species have been utilized and domesticated by indigenous cultures in these areas since ancient times. (wikipedia.org)
  • Domestication of citrus species involved much hybridization and introgression , leaving much uncertainty about when and where domestication first happened. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest introductions of citrus species by human migrations was during the Austronesian expansion (c. 3000-1500 BCE), where Citrus hystrix , Citrus macroptera , and Citrus maxima were among the canoe plants carried by Austronesian voyagers eastwards into Micronesia and Polynesia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Some citrus species have been present in the Mediterranean basin for centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] Within the last few thousand years, all common citrus fruits (sweet oranges, lemons, grapefruit, limes, and so on) were created by crossing those original species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most cultivated Citrus seem to be natural or artificial hybrids of four core ancestral species [14] - the citron , pummelo , mandarine , and papeda (see image). (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, the effect of Citrus sinensis polyphenols was associated with antioxidant effects, such as a reduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) increased expression. (elsevier.com)
  • In spite that the presence of spider assemblages has been described in different crop plants , no reports have been done for Citrus species in Argentina . (bvsalud.org)
  • Four main flavanone glycosides (FGs) and four main polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs) were determined in fruits of 'Cara Cara' navel orange, 'Seike' navel orange, 'Anliu' and 'Honganliu' sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • C. sinensis and C. paradisi possess antihyperlipidemic activity due to phytochemicals and other essential nutrients. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • There is significant evidence supporting the large production of Citrus sinensis with heavy direct consumption due primarily to non-existent processing capacity to convert the fruits in juice. (scirp.org)
  • Significant changes in production of the eight flavonoids were found between red-flesh and blonde-flesh sweet oranges, indicating that lycopene accumulation might have direct or indirect effects on the modification of flavonoid biosynthesis in these citrus fruits. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • C. sinensis (sweet orange) was selected to determine the postharvest fungal pathogens of its fruits. (scialert.net)
  • Extending the shelf life of citrus fruits and preserving the natural qualities of fruits are needed for the quality conscious people in and around the world. (scialert.net)
  • Development of effective and ecofriendly method for bio-control of postharvest diseases is necessary as postharvest decay losses of citrus fruits are high. (scialert.net)
  • In medicine, Citrus fruits are used in the treatment of various diseases. (intechopen.com)
  • Research shows that the intake of Citrus fruits can reduce the incidence of gastric cancer [ 2 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Citrus fruits have been a commercially important crop for thousands of years. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus fruits are consumed as a fresh fruit desert or used for making juice and jam. (mdpi.com)
  • They are an excellent source of vitamins, especially vitamin C. Processing Citrus fruits results in a significant amount of waste (peels, seeds, and pulps), which accounts for 50% of the fruit [ 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) is one of the most commonly consumed fruits in Nigeria. (edu.ng)
  • The distinctive dark flesh color is due to the presence of anthocyanins , a family of polyphenol pigments common to many flowers and fruit, but uncommon in citrus fruits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Para a análise de proteínas, a bactéria foi cultivada no meio basal MMl e na presença de extrato de folhas de urna planta suscetível (Citrus sinensis) assim como de urna resistente (Citrus reticulata) e urna não hospedeira (Passiflorae edulis). (unicamp.br)
  • Citrus bioflavonoids from orange and grapefruit could be useful in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • O óleo essencial de laranja (OEC) - Citrus sinensis é um subproduto fitoterápico extraído do resíduo da indústria de citros, reconhecido como uma alternativa segura em alimentos, como agente antimicrobiano e no tratamento de enfermidades. (unesp.br)
  • This paper performed the physicochemical and proximate analysis of the extracts isolated from Citrus sinensis from Dutsinma local government area of Katsina state in Nigeria. (scirp.org)
  • This work aimed to investigate the proximate and phytochemical properties of extracts from Citrus sinensis residues given their economic and commercial potential, assess the quality of the oil and cake so extracted and determine the industry best suited for their use. (scirp.org)
  • This study was focused on biological methods to control postharvest diseases in sweet oranges ( Citrus sinensis ) by using various extracts of leaves and flowers of Plumeria sp. (scialert.net)
  • Five proteins from the different treatments were successful1y N-terminally sequenced and inc1uded 2 constitutively expressed proteins, 2 proteins up-regulated in the presence of citrus extracts and 1 up-regulated in the complex medium. (unicamp.br)
  • Azevedo FA, Mourão Filho FAA, Schinor EH, Paoli LG, Mendes BMJ, Harakava R, Gabriel DW, Lee RF (2006b) GUS gene expression driven by a citrus promoter in transgenic tobacco and 'Valencia' sweet orange. (usp.br)
  • In this data set, we reported for the first time that huanglongbing disease (HLB) induces major changes in the expression of global genes in flavedo, vascular and juice vesicle tissues of citrus fruit. (datamed.org)
  • Australias own Finger Lime citrus. (daleysfruit.com.au)
  • The Effect of Mixture Lime Juice (Citrus aurantiifolia) with Green Tea Brew (Camellia sinensis) to The Growth of Echerichia coli. (uwks.ac.id)
  • Lime (Citrus aurantiifolia) and green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) are plants that are widely grown in Indonesia and are often consumed by the public. (uwks.ac.id)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the effect of giving a mixture of lime juice (Citrus aurantiifolia) and green tea brew (Camellia sinensis) to the growth of Escherichia coli. (uwks.ac.id)
  • The results of this study were analyzed using One Way Anova with p-value = 0,000 so the conclusion was there are an effect of mixture lime luice (Citrus aurantiifolia) with green tea brew (Camellia sinensis) to the growth of Echerichia coli. (uwks.ac.id)
  • Comparative study of flavonoid production in lycopene-accumulated and blonde-flesh sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis) during fruit development. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Blood oranges have a unique flavor compared to other oranges, being distinctly raspberry -like in addition to the usual citrus notes. (wikipedia.org)
  • ABSTRACT This study examined the protective and curative effects of aqueous zest extract of Citrus sinensis on Cadmium-induced testicular tumor in animal models. (eurjanat.com)
  • Following simulated gastro-intestinal digestion, the in vitro bioavailability of Citrus sinensis polyphenolic extract was assessed using the human cell line Caco-2 grown as monolayers on a transwell membrane. (elsevier.com)
  • Results revealed that Citrus extract were able to reduce macrophages pro-inflammatory mediators, including nitric oxide, iNOS, COX-2 and different cytokines. (elsevier.com)
  • Our results provide evidence that the bioavailable polyphenolic constituents of the Citrussinensis extract accumulate prevalently at intestinal level and could reach systemic circulation exerting their effect. (elsevier.com)
  • Interestingly, all these parameters were however attenuated in the groups that were pre-treated and post-treated with the extract.Taken together therefore, it was concluded that aqueous zest extract of Citrus sinensis have protective and curative roles in the abatement of cadmium-induced testicular tumor and that these effects might be as a result of the antioxidant and free radical scavenging potentials of these neutraceuticals. (eurjanat.com)
  • The protein profiles revea1ed 12 differentiaJ spots in the citrus extract treatment (susceptible host) when compared to that of MM1. (unicamp.br)
  • The protein pattem obtained by 2-DE was similar to that obtained for the bacterium grown in the presence of leaf extract of Citrus sinensis. (unicamp.br)
  • citri (Xac), the causal agent of citrus canker, than the wild type plants (WT). (biomedcentral.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Genomewide analysis of the CIII peroxidase family in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) and expression profiles induced by Xanthomonas citri subsp. (who.int)
  • Hamlin with hrpN gene from Erwinia amylovora and evaluation of the transgenic lines for resistance to citrus canker. (usp.br)
  • Citrus canker disease, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We further assessed the relationship between CIII prxs and citrus bacterial canker. (who.int)
  • Orange trees are susceptible to various diseases, primarily citrus canker. (scielo.br)
  • phytohormone ethylene production in citrus fruit. (deepdyve.com)
  • Citrus is a widely grown fruit crops, which exhibits non-climacteric ripening behaviour. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Citrus fruit provides a convenient vehicle to study gene regulation during non-climacteric fruit development and ripening. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, these transcriptomic studies of fruit development in citrus have mainly been based on microarray analysis, the next generation sequencing technology provides new opportunities for more accurate and powerful deep transcriptome analysis of fruit development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The ripening of citrus fruit is accompanied by carbohydrate build-up, acid reduction, and carotenoid accumulation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Effect of Fermentation of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit Pe. (umm.ac.id)
  • Citrus fruit has been cultivated in an ever-widening area since ancient times. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] King Louis XIV of France housed citrus in orangeries, to protect the tropical fruit to be grown in the 1600s France. (wikipedia.org)
  • This may be due to perceived similarities in the smell of citrus leaves and fruit with that of cedar. (wikipedia.org)
  • The large citrus fruit of today evolved originally from small, edible berries over millions of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mg-deficiency causes poor fruit quality and low fruit yield in some Citrus orchards. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Citrus are grown mainly on acidic and strong acidic soils and Mg-deficiency is responsible for the poor fruit quality and the reduction in fruit yield in some Citrus orchards [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hibridação somática entre Citrus sinensis e C. grandis. (usp.br)
  • Somatic hybridization of Citrus sinensis and C. grandis. (usp.br)
  • The citrus longhorned beetle (CLHB), Anoplophora chinenis (Forster), is a serious pest of citrus in China but did not occur in the U.S. until it was detected in a Washington nursery in 2001. (ufl.edu)
  • The authors synonymized Anoplophora malasiaca (Thomson) with Anoplophora chinensis . (ufl.edu)
  • The following are other scientific names used for Anoplophora chinensis by earlier workers (Lingafelter and Hoebeke 2002, CABI 2004). (ufl.edu)
  • Adult citrus longhorned beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster). (ufl.edu)
  • Flavonoids as authenticity markers for Citrus sinensis juice. (ugent.be)
  • know the effect of orange juice (Citrus sinensis) to LDL level in obese students. (umsu.ac.id)
  • For the first time, we investigated Mg-deficiency-responsive miRNAs in 'Xuegan' ( Citrus sinensis ) roots using Illumina sequencing in order to obtain some miRNAs presumably responsible for Citrus Mg-deficiency tolerance. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In recent years because of the mild winters growing citrus has been quite successful in locations where they could not have been grown in the past because of hard freezes. (onlineplantguide.com)
  • Citrus is grown widely all over the world for its numerous health benefits. (mdpi.com)
  • Citrus are grown mainly on acidic and strong acidic soils. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thereafter, we sequenced two small RNA libraries from B-deficient and -sufficient (control) citrus leaves, respectively, using Illumina sequencing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cecropin is a peptide isolated from an insect, which presents antibacterial effect against several bacteria including the citrus variegated chlorosis in which the causal agent is Xylella fastidiosa . (usp.br)
  • The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). (nih.gov)
  • Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). (nih.gov)
  • This draft genome represents a valuable resource for understanding and improving many important citrus traits in the future. (nih.gov)
  • The current Actinidia chinensis (kiwifruit) 'Hongyang' draft genome has 164 Mb of sequences unassigned to pseudo-chromosomes, and omissions have been identified in the gene models. (springer.com)
  • Barbosa-Mendes JM, Mourão Filho FAA, Bergamin Filho A, Harakava R, Beer SV, Mendes BMJ (2009) Genetic transformation of Citrus sinensis cv. (usp.br)
  • As the largest transposable element in the plant genome, retrotransposons are thought to be involved in citrus genetic instability and genome evolution, especially in sweet orange, which is prone to bud mutation. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • A second genome of an A. chinensis (genotype Red5) was fully sequenced. (springer.com)
  • Citrus plants contain large amounts of flavonoids with beneficial effects on human health. (elsevier.com)
  • A manually annotated Actinidia chinensis var. (springer.com)
  • Jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantiifolia) dan teh hijau (Camellia sinensis L.) merupakan tanaman yang banyak dijumapi tumbuh di Indonesia dan sering dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat. (uwks.ac.id)
  • α (0.05) maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh pemberian campuran perasan jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantiifolia) dan seduhan daun teh (Camelia sinensis) terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Escherichia coli. (uwks.ac.id)
  • Pemberian Air Perasan Jeruk Manis (Citrus sinensis) Meningkatkan Kadar LDL Kolesterol Serum. (umsu.ac.id)
  • Jeruk merupakan buah yang mengandung folate, vitamin C, flavon dan hesperidin yang dapat menurunkan kadar LDL kolesterol.Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian air perasan jeruk manis ( Citrus sinensis ) terhadap kadar LDL pada mahasiswa obes. (umsu.ac.id)
  • This study aimed to assess the effects of Citrus sinensis flower and Mentha spicata leaves essential oils inhalation in two different groups of athlete male students on their exercise performance and lung function. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our findings support the effectiveness of M. spicata and C. sinensis essential oils on the exercise performance and respiratory function parameters. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the contact toxicity assay, lethal concentration, LC 50 of C. sinensis essential oil against housefly larvae, varied between 3.93 and 0.71 μl/cm 2 for different observation days, while lethal time, LT 50 , varied between 5.8 to 2.3 days. (springer.com)
  • Significant activity of C. sinensis essential oil against larvae and pupae of housefly, pave the way for its use as eco-friendly housefly control measure. (springer.com)
  • In addition, Citrus essential oils are valuable in the perfume, food, and beverage industries, and have also enjoyed use as aromatherapy and medicinal agents. (mdpi.com)
  • Interestingly, the essential oil (EO) is the most vital by-product of Citrus processing. (mdpi.com)
  • However, S. aromaticum and C. sinensis essential oils in combination with temephos did not decrease resistance profiles. (fiocruz.br)
  • Orange essential oil (OEC) - Citrus sinensis, is a herbal medicine extracted byproduct of the citrus industry residue, recognized as a safe alternative in foods such as antimicrobial agent and in the treatment of diseases. (unesp.br)
  • To get insight into this unusual pathosystem, we evaluated the expression profiles of genes involved in defense mechanisms of Arabidopsis thaliana and Citrus sinensis upon infestation with non-viruliferous and viruliferous mites by using reverse-transcription qPCR. (frontiersin.org)
  • has been suggested to be resistant to Xac, however, it is not easy to transfer the resistance from kumquat to citrus via cross hybridization due to a series of natural barriers such as male/female sterility, long juvenile period, high degree of heterozygosity, and polyembryony. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Citrus somatic hybridization has been extensively applied assisting the development of the somatic hybrids which can be used in improvement programs, indirectly as germoplasm source or directly as scion and rootstock varieties. (usp.br)
  • Southern blot hybridization using the RT1 clone from the "Cara Cara" navel as a probe showed that multiple copies were integrated throughout the sweet orange genomes, which made the retrotransposon possible an effective molecular marker to detect citrus evolution events and to reveal its relationship with bud mutation. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • EWG's rating for Each & Every Deodorant, Citrus Vetivert is 1. (ewg.org)
  • In the present study, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of bioavailable polyphenols from Citrus sinensis was evaluated in vitro and ex vivo, using the murine macrophages cell line J774A.1 and primary peritoneal macrophages. (elsevier.com)
  • The same data, plus Citrus micrantha , top right ( papeda ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pectin is a polysaccharide that is obtained from plant resources mainly from citrus plants. (biointerfaceresearch.com)
  • Citrus plants are native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Island Southeast Asia , Near Oceania , and northeastern Australia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus plants are native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia and the Malay Archipelago and they were firstly domesticated in these areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citrus plants diverged from a common ancestor about 15 million years ago, which was about when it diverged from the closely related severinia , for example the Chinese box orange . (wikipedia.org)