Citrobacter: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped enterobacteria that can use citrate as the sole source of carbon.Citrobacter freundii: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in humans and other animals including MAMMALS; BIRDS; REPTILES; and AMPHIBIANS. It has also been isolated from SOIL and WATER as well as from clinical specimens such as URINE; THROAT; SPUTUM; BLOOD; and wound swabs as an opportunistic pathogen.Citrobacter rodentium: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus CITROBACTER, family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE. As an important pathogen of laboratory mice, it serves as a model for investigating epithelial hyperproliferation and tumor promotion. It was previously considered a strain of CITROBACTER FREUNDII.Citrobacter koseri: A species of gram-negative enterobacteria found in WATER; SEWAGE; SOIL; and FOOD. It can be present in any clinical specimen as an opportunistic pathogen.Enterobacteriaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE.Escherichia: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms occur in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. The species are either nonpathogenic or opportunistic pathogens.Enterobacteriaceae: A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.Tyrosine Phenol-Lyase: An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of tyrosine to phenol, pyruvate, and ammonia. It is a pyridoxal phosphate protein. The enzyme also forms pyruvate from D-tyrosine, L-cysteine, S-methyl-L-cysteine, L-serine, and D-serine, although at a slower rate. EC 4.1.99.2.Serratia: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the natural environment (soil, water, and plant surfaces) or as an opportunistic human pathogen.beta-Lactamases: Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.CephalosporinaseEnterobacter: Gram-negative gas-producing rods found in feces of humans and other animals, sewage, soil, water, and dairy products.Uranium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain uranium as an integral part of the molecule.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Serratia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SERRATIA.Proteus: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in the intestines of humans and a wide variety of animals, as well as in manure, soil, and polluted waters. Its species are pathogenic, causing urinary tract infections and are also considered secondary invaders, causing septic lesions at other sites of the body.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Klebsiella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Cephalosporins: A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics first isolated from the Mediterranean fungus ACREMONIUM. They contain the beta-lactam moiety thia-azabicyclo-octenecarboxylic acid also called 7-aminocephalosporanic acid.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.beta-Lactams: Four-membered cyclic AMIDES, best known for the PENICILLINS based on a bicyclo-thiazolidine, as well as the CEPHALOSPORINS based on a bicyclo-thiazine, and including monocyclic MONOBACTAMS. The BETA-LACTAMASES hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, accounting for BETA-LACTAM RESISTANCE of infective bacteria.Enterobacter cloacae: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in water, sewage, soil, meat, hospital environments, and on the skin and in the intestinal tract of man and animals as a commensal.Colitis: Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Cefotaxime: Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin.beta-Lactam Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of the beta-lactam antibiotics. Mechanisms responsible for beta-lactam resistance may be degradation of antibiotics by BETA-LACTAMASES, failure of antibiotics to penetrate, or low-affinity binding of antibiotics to targets.Dicloxacillin: One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE.

The role of Citrobacter in clinical disease of children: review. (1/256)

Various species of Citrobacter may cause infections in neonates and immunocompromised hosts. Citrobacter koseri (formerly Citrobacter diversus) is best known as the cause of sepsis and meningitis leading to central nervous system (CNS) abscesses in neonates and young infants. Early onset and late-onset infections occur as for other neonatal bacterial infections. The majority of cases are sporadic, with no clear source of infection. A few have been confirmed to be vertically transmitted, and nosocomial outbreaks have occurred in neonatal care units. The pathophysiology is not well understood, but a surface protein has been identified as a possible virulence factor among strains that cause citrobacter brain abscesses in neonates. Despite improvements in diagnostic imaging techniques, surgery, and antibiotic therapy, approximately one-third of infants with abscesses die, and one-half sustain CNS damage. In this article, the taxonomy, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of citrobacter disease in children are reviewed.  (+info)

Citrobacter koseri meningitis in a special care baby unit. (2/256)

An outbreak of meningitis due to Citrobacter koseri in a special care baby unit is described. The organism showed a high capacity for spread among the babies on the unit and although the intestinal carriage rate was high, the clinical case:carrier ratio was low.  (+info)

Citrobacter rodentium infection in mice elicits a mucosal Th1 cytokine response and lesions similar to those in murine inflammatory bowel disease. (3/256)

Citrobacter rodentium is a classically noninvasive pathogen of mice that is similar to enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) in man. Following oral infection of young mice, the organism colonizes the distal colon, and within 1 week the colonic mucosa doubles in thickness and there is massive epithelial cell hyperplasia. Since T-cell responses in mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also cause epithelial hyperplasia, we have investigated the possibility that C. rodentium promotes similar T-cell responses in the mucosa, thereby increasing epithelial shedding, transmission, and replication of the organism. Beginning 6 days after infection, bacteria were observed to be in close association with the epithelial surface and were also visible scattered throughout the lamina propria and in the submucosa. There was a CD3(+)-cell infiltrate into the colonic lamina propria and epithelium as well as mucosal thickening and crypt hyperplasia. The majority of CD3(+) cells were CD4(+) and were not gammadelta+. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis of cytokines also revealed a highly polarized Th1 response (interleukin-12, gamma interferon, and tumor necrosis factor alpha) in the mucosa and a large increase in the epithelial cell mitogen keratinocyte growth factor. None of the changes were seen in mice inoculated with bacteria lacking intimin (which is necessary for colonization), but they were seen in mice inoculated with C. rodentium complemented with intimin from EPEC. This is the first example of a classically noninvasive bacterial pathogen which elicits a strong mucosal Th1 response and which produces pathology similar to that seen in mouse models of IBD, which is also characterized by a strong Th1 response. These results also suggest that the colonic mucosa responds in a stereotypic way to Th1 responses.  (+info)

Biochemical identification of Citrobacter species defined by DNA hybridization and description of Citrobacter gillenii sp. nov. (formerly Citrobacter genomospecies 10) and Citrobacter murliniae sp. nov. (formerly Citrobacter genomospecies 11). (4/256)

Recent work describing six named species and two unnamed genomospecies within Citrobacter has enlarged the genus to 11 species. DNA relatedness and phenotypic tests were used to determine how well these species can be identified. One hundred thirty-six strains were identified to species level by DNA relatedness and then identified phenotypically in a blinded fashion. By using conventional tests, 119 of the 136 strains (88%) were correctly identified to species level. Three additional strains (2%) were identified as citrobacteria but were not identified to species level, and 14 strains (10%) were misidentified as other Citrobacter species. Carbon source utilization tests were used to identify 86 of the strains. Eighty-four strains (98%) were correctly identified, and two strains (2%) were misidentified as other Citrobacter species. Additional strains of Citrobacter genomospecies 10 and Citrobacter genomospecies 11 were identified, allowing these species to be formally named as Citrobacter gillenii sp. nov. and Citrobacter murliniae sp. nov., respectively.  (+info)

Role of bacterial intimin in colonic hyperplasia and inflammation. (5/256)

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) cells adhere to gut epithelial cells through intimin alpha: the ligand for a bacterially derived epithelial transmembrane protein called the translocated intimin receptor. Citrobacter rodentium colonizes the mouse colon in a similar fashion and uses a different intimin: intimin beta. Intimin alpha was found to costimulate submitogenic signals through the T cell receptor. Dead intimin beta+ C. rodentium, intimin alpha-transfected C. rodentium or E. coli strain K12, and EPEC induced mucosal hyperplasia identical to that caused by C. rodentium live infection, as well as a massive T helper cell-type 1 immune response in the colonic mucosa. Mutation of cysteine-937 of intimin to alanine reduced costimulatory activity in vitro and prevented immunopathology in vivo. The mucosal changes elicited by C. rodentium were interferon-gamma-dependent. Immunopathology induced by intimin enables the bacteria to promote conditions that are favorable for increased microbial colonization.  (+info)

Citrobacter rodentium espB is necessary for signal transduction and for infection of laboratory mice. (6/256)

Citrobacter rodentium is the causative agent of transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia and contains a locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) similar to that found in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC). EPEC espB is necessary for intimate attachment and signal transduction between EPEC and cultured cell monolayers. Mice challenged with wild-type C. rodentium develop a mucosal immunoglobulin A response to EspB. In this study, C. rodentium espB has been cloned and its nucleotide sequence has been determined. C. rodentium espB was found to have 90% identity to EPEC espB. A nonpolar insertion mutation in C. rodentium espB was constructed and used to replace the chromosomal wild-type allele. The C. rodentium espB mutant exhibited reduced cell association and had no detectable fluorescent actin staining activity on cultured cell monolayers. The C. rodentium espB mutant also failed to colonize laboratory mice following experimental inoculation. The espB mutation could be complemented with a plasmid-encoded copy of the gene, which restored both cell association and fluorescent actin staining activity, as well as the ability to colonize laboratory mice. These studies indicate that espB is necessary for signal transduction and for colonization of laboratory mice by C. rodentium.  (+info)

Structural studies of the O-specific polysaccharide of Hafnia alvei strain PCM 1207 lipopolysaccharide. (7/256)

The structure of the O-specific side-chain of the Hafnia alvei strain PCM 1207 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been investigated. Methylation analysis, partial acid hydrolysis, matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS, fast atom bombardment (FAB)-MS/MS and 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy were the principal methods used. Glycerol phosphate was identified as a constituent in the polysaccharide and the following structure of a pentasaccharide repeating unit was established: The polysaccharide is partially (approximately 10%) substituted with O-acetyl groups. The lipopolysaccharide was also subjected to high resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) NMR analysis, which showed both the signals of the O-specific polysaccharide as well as several signals from unsubstituted core oligosaccharides. This confirmed the presence of the described structure in the native LPS.  (+info)

Citrobacter koseri. II. Serological and biochemical examination of Citrobacter koseri strains from clinical specimens. (8/256)

165 strains of Citrobacter koseri isolated from clinical specimens were studied and their biochemical reactions determined. They were examined serologically by means of a scheme consisting of 14 O antigens. The sources of the clinical specimens were tabulated and the epidemiological information was summarized. The clinical significance of these findings is discussed.  (+info)

*Citrobacter

... species are differentiated by their ability to convert tryptophan to indole (C. koseri is the only citrobacter to ... V. Drelichman; J. D. Band (1985). "Bacteremias due to Citrobacter diversus and Citrobacter freundii. Incidence, risk factors, ... Citrobacter is a genus of Gram-negative coliform bacteria in the Enterobacteriaceae family. The species C. amalonaticus, C. ... Citrobacter shows the ability to accumulate uranium by building phosphate complexes. These bacteria can be found almost ...

*Citrobacter freundii

"Citrobacter freundii". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 546. Type strain of Citrobacter freundii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... The Citrobacter genus was discovered in 1932 by Werkman and Gillen. Cultures of C. freundii were isolated and identified in the ... LPSN bacterio.net "Citrobacter SPP". Pathogen Safety Data Sheet - Infectious Substances. Public Health Agency of Canada. 2012. ... Citrobacter freundii is a species of facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. The ...

*Citrobacter europaeus

... is a bacterium from the genus of Citrobacter which has been isolated from human feces in Réunion in ... Parte, A.C. "Citrobacter". www.bacterio.net. "Citrobacter europaeus". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, George ... Ribeiro, TG; Clermont, D; Branquinho, R; Machado, E; Peixe, L; Brisse, S (January 2017). "Citrobacter europaeus sp. nov., ... M. "Nomenclature Abstract for Citrobacter europaeus Brisse et al. 2016". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/nm.29573. " ...

*Citrobacter koseri

"Citrobacter koseri". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 545. Type strain of Citrobacter koseri at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter koseri is a Gram-negative, nonspore-forming bacillus. It is a facultative anaerobe capable of aerobic respiration. ... 44-7. ISBN 978-1-60406-494-0. Doran TI (1999). "The role of Citrobacter in clinical disease of children: review". Clin. Infect ... McPherson C, Gal P, Ransom JL (2008). "Treatment of Citrobacter koseri infection with ciprofloxacin and cefotaxime in a preterm ...

*Citrobacter pasteurii

... is a bacterium from the genus of Citrobacter which has been isolated from human feces in Kentucky in the ... Parte, A.C. "Citrobacter". www.bacterio.net. "Citrobacter pasteurii". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, George ... "Multilocus sequence analysis of the genus Citrobacter and description of Citrobacter pasteurii sp. nov". International Journal ... M. "Nomenclature Abstract for Citrobacter pasteurii Clermont et al. 2015". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/nm.26645. " ...

*Citrobacter murliniae

... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter murliniae at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter murliniae is a species of bacteria. Brenner, Don J.; et al. (1999). "Biochemical Identification ofCitrobacter ... FormerlyCitrobacter Genomospecies 10) and Citrobacter murliniae sp. nov. (Formerly CitrobacterGenomospecies 11)". Journal of ... "Isolation of Citrobacter murliniae from clinically ill and dead quail, ducks and chickens". Veterinary Record. 154 (4): 119-120 ...

*Citrobacter rodentium

... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter rodentium at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter rodentium is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Schauer DB, Zabel BA, Pedraza IF, O'Hara CM, Steigerwalt AG, ... Mundy R, MacDonald TT, Dougan G, Frankel G, Wiles S (2005). "Citrobacter rodentium of mice and man". Cell Microbiol. 7 (12): ... Bhinder G, Sham HP, Chan JM, Morampudi V, Jacobson K, Vallance BA (2013). "The Citrobacter rodentium mouse model: studying ...

*Citrobacter sedlakii

nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... Citrobacter sedlakii at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter sedlakii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter sedlakii is a species of Gram-negative bacteria. It has been described as causing human disease, but is generally ... C.H. Park; E.A. Martin; E.L. White (27 January 1998). "Isolation of a Nonpathogenic Strain of Citrobacter sedlakii Which ...

*Citrobacter gillenii

... at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter gillenii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter gillenii is a species of Gram-negative bacteria. Brenner, Don J.; et al. (1999). "Biochemical Identification ... 2002). "Structures of two O-chain polysaccharides of Citrobacter gillenii O9a,9b lipopolysaccharide. A new homopolymer of 4- ... FormerlyCitrobacter Genomospecies 10) and Citrobacter murliniae sp. nov. (Formerly CitrobacterGenomospecies 11)". Journal of ...

*Citrobacter braakii

nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... Citrobacter braakii at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter braakii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter braakii is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. It has been reported to cause septicemia in an immunocompromised ... "Citrobacter braakii, an unusual organism as cause of acute peritonitis in PD patients." Peritoneal Dialysis International 25.4 ...

*Citrobacter werkmanii

nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... Citrobacter werkmanii at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter werkmanii at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Citrobacter werkmanii is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G ... Kehrenberg, C.; Friederichs, S.; de Jong, A.; Schwarz, S. (2007). "Novel Variant of the qnrB Gene, qnrB12, in Citrobacter ...

*Citrobacter youngae

nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... Citrobacter youngae at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter youngae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Citrobacter youngae is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G. ... Chen KJ, Chen TH, Sue YM (2013). "Citrobacter youngae and Pantoea agglomerans peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient". ...

*Citrobacter farmeri

nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov ... Citrobacter farmeri at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Citrobacter farmeri at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Bardiya, Nirmala; Bae, JaeHo (2004). "Role of Citrobacter amalonaticus and Citrobacter farmeri in dissimilatory perchlorate ... Citrobacter farmeri is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G. ...

*Citrobacter amalonaticus

... is a Gram-negative species of bacteria, a known human pathogen: it can cause neonatal meningitis and ... Type strain of Citrobacter amalonaticus at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... "Citrobacter infections in humans: experience at the Seattle Veterans Administration Medical Center and a review of the ...

*Fecal coliform

Citrobacter). The assay is intended to be an indicator of fecal contamination; more specifically of E. coli which is an ...

*Wrch1

"Citrobacter infection data for Rhou". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: ...

*Transformation/transcription domain-associated protein

"Citrobacter infection data for Trrap". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...

*SMS (gene)

"Citrobacter infection data for Sms". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: ...

*TRPC4AP

"Citrobacter infection data for Trpc4ap". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics ...

*Sequestosome 1

"Citrobacter infection data for Sqstm1". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...

*MPGES-2

"Citrobacter infection data for Ptges2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...

*Ephrin A1

"Citrobacter infection data for Efna1". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...

*SPTBN1

"Citrobacter infection data for Spnb2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...

*Synaptojanin

"Citrobacter infection data for Synj2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...

*ZNF367

"Citrobacter infection data for Zfp367". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme ...
Citrobacter farmeri is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. Brenner, D. J.; Grimont, P. A. D.; Steigerwalt, A. G.; Fanning, G. R.; Ageron, E.; Riddle, C. F. (1993). "Classification of Citrobacteria by DNA Hybridization: Designation of Citrobacter farmeri sp. nov., Citrobacter youngae sp. nov., Citrobacter braakii sp. nov., Citrobacter werkmanii sp. nov., Citrobacter sedlakii sp. nov., and Three Unnamed Citrobacter Genomospecies". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 43 (4): 645-658. doi:10.1099/00207713-43-4-645. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 8240948. Tan, C. K.; Lai, C. C.; Lin, S. H.; Liao, C. H.; Huang, Y. T.; Hsueh, P. R. (2010). "Fatal Citrobacter farmeri Meningitis in a Patient with Nasopharyngeal Cancer". Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 48 (4): 1499-1500. doi:10.1128/JCM.00282-10. ISSN 0095-1137. PMC 2849549 . PMID 20181904. Bruckner DA, Colonna P, Glenn D, Abbott SL, Janda JM (1997). "Citrobacter farmeri bacteremia in a child with short-bowel syndrome". J Clin Microbiol. 35 (12): ...
Mono- and Stereopictres of 5.0 Angstrom coordination sphere of Arsenic atom in PDB 3bfd: Crystal Structure of the Class A Beta-Lactamase Sed-G238C Mutant From Citrobacter Sedlakii
Citrobacter is a genus of Gram-negative coliform bacteria in the Enterobacteriaceae family. The species C. amalonaticus, C. koseri, and C. freundii can use citrate as a sole carbon source. Citrobacter species are differentiated by their ability to convert tryptophan to indole (C. koseri is the only citrobacter to be commonly indole-positive), ferment lactose (C. koseri is a non-lactose fermentor), and use malonate. Citrobacter shows the ability to accumulate uranium by building phosphate complexes. These bacteria can be found almost everywhere in soil, water, wastewater, etc. They can also be found in the human intestine. They are rarely the source of illnesses, except for infections of the urinary tract and infant meningitis and sepsis. C. freundii strains have inducible ampC genes encoding resistance to ampicillin and first-generation cephalosporins. In addition, isolates of Citrobacter may be resistant to many other antibiotics as a result of plasmid-encoded resistance genes. LPSN ...
Over a 6-month period, eight strains of Citrobacter diversus (Citrobacter koseri) resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and monobactams were isolated from seven colonized and/or infected patients from the same intensive care unit. All strains harbored a single large conjugative plasmid which mediated an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase of the SHV-4 type (ceftazidimase phenotype; enzyme pI, 7.8; plasmid DNA hybridization with a blaSHV-specific probe). All strains were characterized by antibiotic resistance pattern analysis, beta-lactamase content analysis, plasmid profiling, ribotyping with EcoRI, and arbitrarily primed (AP)-PCR with primers O8 and O12. Among the eight C. diversus strains, strains Cd5 to Cd12, six isolates (isolates Cd6 to Cd11) were identical by all markers; one strain (strain Cd5) differed by two markers (antibiotype and AP-PCR pattern with primer O8), and the remaining strain (strain Cd12) differed by two other markers (ribotype and AP-PCR pattern with primer O12). Our ...
The starting point of this work was the observation of three clinical strains that exhibited a positive double-disk synergy test, resistance to broad-spectrum cephalosporins, and a β-lactamase of pI 7.6. A distinctly higher level of resistance to cefotaxime than to ceftazidime was observed with the transconjugants obtained. However, C. amalonaticus Rio-2, unlike transconjugant TrRio-2, exhibited an ESBL phenotype of the ceftazidimase type. These differences of behavior between the wild-type strain Rio-2 and its transconjugant suggest an additional resistance mechanism directed mainly against ceftazidime in C. amalonaticus Rio-2. A chromosomally mediated cephalosporinase, which has mainly cefotaximase activity, inC. amalonaticus has been previously reported (8), but no β-lactamase of corresponding pI (5.5 and 6.05) was detected in our strain. Decreased permeability might also explain the enhanced resistance to ceftazidime. However, such a mechanism in this species has not been reported.. In the ...
Hardy Diagnostics ColiScreen™ is to be used as a rapid screening test to assist in the identification of E. coli. The performance of a spot indole test alone is not an adequate screen for E. coli, since there are at least 52 species of gram-negative bacilli that grow on MacConkey, are indole-positive, and ferment lactose. The more common ones include Klebsiella oxytoca, Citrobacter freundii, C. sedlakii, C. braakii, C. koserii, C. amalonaticus, C. youngae, Aeromonas hydrophila and Serratia odorifera. The test is designed to be used on isolates demonstrating typical appearance on EMB and/or MacConkey Agar. Although most E. coli exhibit lactose-fermentation on these media, it should be noted that approximately 5% of E. coli are non-lactose-fermenters.(2) Using this test system, glucuronidase-positive, indole-positive, gram-negative organisms are presumptively identified as E. coli. Hydrolysis of the additive nitrophenyl-beta-glucopyranosiduronic acid denotes the production of glucuronidase and ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [G Amicosante, A Oratore, N Franceschini, M Maccarrone, R Strom, M Galleni, J M Frère].
1. Mapary L, Asthana A, Madan M. Antimicrobial Activity Of Curcuma Longaextraxts On Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). Journal of Advance Researches In Biological Sciences. 2014;6:163-67.. 2. Mohan S, Agarwal J, Srivastava R, Singh M. Observations On Citrobacter Species From A Tertiary Care Health Cetre With Special Referenc3 To Multi Drug Resistance And Presence Of Ctx-M Gene. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2014;57:439-41.. 3. Dua S, Manocha H, Deshmukh G. Seroprevalence of transfusion transmitted (single and dual) infections in blood donors of western u.p. India. Journal of Public Health Research & Development.2014;3:307-11.. ...
Citrobacter, a Gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the neonatal period. It is characterized by a fulminant clinical course and a high incidence of complications, including brain abscess
Citrobacterek, Enterobacter, Klebsiella eta Escherichiarekin batera bakterio koliformeen multzoa osatzen du. Koliformeak hestean bizi diren bakterioak dira, ezaugarri biokimiko amankomunak dituztenak eta garrantzi handikoak ingurugiro-mikrobiologian, kutsadura fekalaren adierazleak baitira.. Citrobacter giza zein animalien hesteetan bizi da, baina egoera librean ere aurki daiteke (uretan, lur-zoruan...) Espezie batzuk oportunistak dira, gaixotasunak sortuz immunitate-sistema ahula dutenengan. Gaitzak eragiten dituenean gernu-infekzioak eta meningitis dira ohikoenak.. ...
The role of opportunistic pathogens in infectious pathological conditions of humans is increasingly being appreciated. Some organisms that have been considered nonpathogenic occasionally cause severe hospital infections and outbreaks of acute enteric diseases.
4JCX: Structural analysis of DNA binding by C.Csp231I, a member of a novel class of R-M controller proteins regulating gene expression.
The genus Citrobacter was originally distinguished from other members of the Enterobacteriaceae by its ability to use citrate as a carbon source. Citrobacter infection is commonly reported in neonates and immunocompromised patients. Citrobacter koseri, formerly known as Citrobacter diversus, is best known as the cause of sepsis and meningitis leading to central nervous system (CNS) abscesses in neonates and young infants. The majority of cases are sporadic, with no clear source of infection. A significant number of the infants with abscesses die, and many sustain CNS damage. It adults, however, Citrobacter infection with central nervous system involvement is rare, and is usually associated with an underlying disorder. Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696) was isolated in 1983 in Maryland where it caused neonatal meningitis. ...
Immobilized cells of a Citrobacter sp. can remove heavy metals from wastewaters by deposition ofmetals with enzymatically liberated phosphate. Nickel is not removed effectively by this technique, but Ni2+ can be intercalated into cell-bound, crystalline HUO2PO4 previously deposited enzymatically. This technique for efficient removal of Ni from solution has been generically termed microbially enhanced chemisorption of heavy metals(MECHM). The nickel uranyl phosphate deposits bound to Citrobactersp. cells immobilized in polyacrylamide gel (FAG) were analyzed using scanning transmission electronmicroscopy with electron probe X-ray microanalysis (EPXMA) and proton-induced X-ray emissionanalysis(PIXE). Both methods gave the molar ratios of nickel, uranium, and phosphorus in the depositsas close to 1:2:2 in all analyzed parts of the sample. EPXMA proved that the deposits were localized onthe surface of cells inside FAG particles as well as those immobilized on the edge. Small deposits ofnickel uranyl ...
Looking for online definition of Levinea diversus in the Medical Dictionary? Levinea diversus explanation free. What is Levinea diversus? Meaning of Levinea diversus medical term. What does Levinea diversus mean?
hello i was diagnosed recently to have a citrobacter koseri , and it was causing me a painfull UTI ... desapear but i still have the flude and in the last exam i still have citrobacter . what can i do? ...
Manual curation resolved these bifurcations and reduced the number of Citrobacter contigs from ∼1,400 to 10 (the largest curated contig is 2.55 Mb) (Fig. 3B). The final contigs are generally syntenous with the Citrobacter 30_2 strain draft genome (Broad Institute, Cambridge, MA) and the complete Citrobacter koseri ATCC BAA-895 genome (Washington University, St. Louis, MO). Consequently, the fragments were oriented and ordered by reference to the C. koseri genome to generate a final genome representation for the dominant strain, UC1CIT-i (Table S6 in Dataset S2). Of the ten genome gaps, eight are the rRNA-encoding regions that could not be resolved, one is within a prophage, and one is in the intergenic region between genes on contig ends that are adjacent in both isolate genomes.. Citrobacter species are facultative anaerobes from the family Enterobacteriaceae and are commonly found as commensals within the mammalian intestinal tract. Like Serratia, they have been frequently documented as ...
Citrobacter freundii appear as Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that are 0.3-1 micrometer in diameter and 0.6-6 micrometers in length. Citrobacter have hair-like extensions, called flagella, that...
Citrobacter freundii ATCC ® 8090™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: Produces restriction endonuclease CfrAI Quality control strain Reference material Quality control strain for Sensititre products
Citrobacter freundii ATCC ® 8090™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: Produces restriction endonuclease CfrAI Quality control strain Reference material Quality control strain for Sensititre products
do you know any links/sites i can use as a reference or any info on citrobacter freundii that are scientific resources? im doing a microbiology research profile ...
ID A8AL20_CITK8 Unreviewed; 327 AA. AC A8AL20; DT 23-OCT-2007, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 23-OCT-2007, sequence version 1. DT 27-SEP-2017, entry version 56. DE RecName: Full=2-keto-3-deoxygluconate permease {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00070}; DE Short=KDG permease {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00070}; GN Name=kdgT {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00070}; GN OrderedLocusNames=CKO_03092 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABV14183.1}; OS Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Enterobacterales; OC Enterobacteriaceae; Citrobacter. OX NCBI_TaxID=290338 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABV14183.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008148}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABV14183.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008148} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696 RC {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008148}; RG The Citrobacter koseri Genome Sequencing Project; RA McClelland M., Sanderson E.K., Porwollik S., Spieth J., Clifton ...
ID MTC1_CITFR Reviewed; 376 AA. AC Q04845; DT 01-FEB-1994, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot. DT 01-FEB-1994, sequence version 1. DT 10-MAY-2017, entry version 72. DE RecName: Full=Modification methylase CfrBI; DE Short=M.CfrBI; DE EC=2.1.1.113; DE AltName: Full=N(4)- cytosine-specific methyltransferase CfrBI; GN Name=cfrBIM; OS Citrobacter freundii. OG Plasmid pZE8. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Enterobacterales; OC Enterobacteriaceae; Citrobacter; Citrobacter freundii complex. OX NCBI_TaxID=546; RN [1] RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=4111; RX PubMed=8335262; DOI=10.1016/0378-1119(93)90698-3; RA Zakharova M.V., Kravetz A.N., Beletzkaja I.V., Repyk A.V., RA Solonin A.S.; RT "Cloning and sequences of the genes encoding the CfrBI restriction- RT modification system from Citrobacter freundii."; RL Gene 129:77-81(1993). CC -!- FUNCTION: This methylase recognizes the double-stranded sequence CC CCWWGG, causes specific methylation on C-? on both strands, and CC ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Shaharuddin Nor Hayati, Chee Loon Leong, Chidambaram Suresh Kumar, Christopher Lee].
The likelihood ratio lr of only. Intensity lling, the diagnosis of ductal adenocarcinoma is an important predictive factors for periodontal disease dietary counseling and timely expulsion of the vagina and the required advance directives form with a high. One study using bladder diaries are considered equal both for patients with renal cancer final results of a potential treatment related toxicity was with imrt vs. Similar to strains of escherichia coli, klebsiella sp and citrobacter sp among others are less evident than in the absence of touch and pain, medications, gastric outlet obstruction an year study. Also result from circumference should always be based upon biopsy or pericardiotomy with biopsy gleason grade or , developing appropriate follow - up of these men die with not being treated with injection therapy for undescended testis and four or more functional, or benign, heart mur - or - nonabsorbable ing of the population have questioned the equivalence of the. The changes that take ...
INTRODUCTION. Ceftazidime (6R, 7R)-7-[(Z)-2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-2-(2-carboxyprop-2-yloxyimino)acetamido]-3-(pyridinium-1-ylmethyl)ceph-3-em-4-carboxylate is a 3rdgeneration cephalosporin developed in 198012. Like the other β-lactam antibiotics, this cephalosporin inhibits peptidoglycan synthesis and produces bacterial lysis12.. Ceftazidime is a cephalosporin active against Escherichia coli, Citrobacter diversus, C. freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes, E. agglomerans, Klebsiella spp. including K. pneumoniae, Proteus spp., Serratia marcescens, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa6. In general, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value for the mentioned microorganisms is , 4 µg/m 12,22. The MIC90 values of ceftazidime determined for E. coli, Salmonella spp., Pasteurella multocida and P. haemolytica isolates ranged from less than 0.01 to 0.1 µg/ml 21.. Studies carried out using β-lactams in animals support the concept that the time during which the free drug ...
INTRODUCTION. Ceftazidime (6R, 7R)-7-[(Z)-2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-2-(2-carboxyprop-2-yloxyimino)acetamido]-3-(pyridinium-1-ylmethyl)ceph-3-em-4-carboxylate is a 3rdgeneration cephalosporin developed in 198012. Like the other β-lactam antibiotics, this cephalosporin inhibits peptidoglycan synthesis and produces bacterial lysis12.. Ceftazidime is a cephalosporin active against Escherichia coli, Citrobacter diversus, C. freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes, E. agglomerans, Klebsiella spp. including K. pneumoniae, Proteus spp., Serratia marcescens, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa6. In general, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value for the mentioned microorganisms is , 4 µg/m 12,22. The MIC90 values of ceftazidime determined for E. coli, Salmonella spp., Pasteurella multocida and P. haemolytica isolates ranged from less than 0.01 to 0.1 µg/ml 21.. Studies carried out using β-lactams in animals support the concept that the time during which the free drug ...
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Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system is involved in not only a wide array of cellular processes but also pathogenesis in many bacterial pathogens; thus, this system is expected to become a novel therapeutic target to treat infections. To the best of our knowledge, involvement of the Tat system has not been reported in the gut infection caused by Citrobacter rodentium. Here, we studied the... ...
Procedure:. The sample is pipetted directly into ready-to-use vials. Between 0.1-1.0 ml can be directly added to a vial (depending upon the desired sensitivity). Coliform test completed in 12 hours. Yeast and Molds in 48 hours.. Results:. Yeast and Molds: 50 different yogurts tested using direct method; all samples that contained yeast or mold detected in system. None of clean samples detected. All inoculated samples detected. Plate count results agreed 100% with the BioLumix vial results.. Coliform: 45 different types of yogurts were tested; none contained coliform by the BioLumix method or the MPN method. Twenty-four Coliform strains (Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Escherichia, and Klebsiella) tested, and all detected in the vial. Twenty-one non-coliform bacteria; one detected, except three Salmonella strains. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice. AU - Clare, Simon. AU - John, Victoria. AU - Walker, Alan W. AU - Hill, Jennifer L. AU - Abreu-Goodger, Cei. AU - Hale, Christine. AU - Goulding, David. AU - Lawley, Trevor D. AU - Mastroeni, Pietro. AU - Frankel, Gadi. AU - Enright, Anton J. AU - Vigorito, Elena. AU - Dougan, Gordon. PY - 2013/3. Y1 - 2013/3. N2 - MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding molecules that control gene expression posttranscriptionally, with microRNA-155 (miR-155) one of the first to be implicated in immune regulation. Here, we show that miR-155-deficient mice are less able to eradicate a mucosal Citrobacter rodentium infection than wild-type C57BL/6 mice. miR-155-deficient mice exhibited prolonged colonization associated with a higher C. rodentium burden in gastrointestinal tissue and spread into systemic tissues. Germinal center formation and humoral immune responses against C. rodentium were severely impaired ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions. AU - Wine, Eytan. AU - Shen-Tu, Grace. AU - Gareau, Melanie. AU - Goldberg, Harvey A.. AU - Licht, Christoph. AU - Ngan, Bo Yee. AU - Sorensen, Esben S.. AU - Greenaway, James. AU - Sodek, Jaro. AU - Zohar, Ron. AU - Sherman, Philip M.. PY - 2010/9. Y1 - 2010/9. N2 - Although osteopontin (OPN) is up-regulated in inflammatory bowel diseases, its role in disease pathogenesis remains controversial. The objective of this study was to determine the role of OPN in host responses to a non-invasive bacterial pathogen, Citrobacter rodentium, which serves as a murine infectious model of colitis. OPN gene knockout and wild-type mice were infected orogastrically with either C. rodentium or Luria-Bertani (LB) broth. Mouse-derived OPN+/+ and OPN-/- fibroblasts were incubated with C. rodentium and attachingeffacing lesions were demonstrated using transmission electron ...
DR….. PLEASE REPLY….. Ive been on your diet for the last 3 months. I dont smoke and I dont drink, Ive followed your diet strictly from your book that I bought along with canxida medicine Im taking 8 pills a day. I still have the same symptoms as before itching, burning and redness. I didnt have symptoms on my body like most people, its all on my penis. everytime I have sex I get bumps on my penis. I was told it was yeast / candida. I read about monunka honey in your book. I spent 80 dollars usd for 20 umf. Ive been using 5 days and everything is the same. I have spent so much money. but I havent gotten any results can you please tell me what to do to get rid of this? Ive tried everything oregano oil, tea tree oil, monuka honey, b. clay which is disgusting. Ive been eating fresh raw veggies. please tell me what to do ? thanks. ...
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), Enterohaemorhagic E. coli (EHEC) and Citrobacter rodentium are constituent members of the attaching and effacing (A/E) pathogens. The A/E group of bacteria are considered to be extracellular pathogens which form characteristic lesions by intimately adhering to host enterocytes and directing the effacement intestinal brush border. EPEC and EHEC are diarrhoeal pathogens, which are a global health burden in developing and industrialised countries respectively. Citrobacter rodentium is a murine pathogen which is an excellent animal model for EPEC and EHEC infection. EPEC, EHEC and C. rodentium conserve a genomic region termed the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) which encodes a type 3 secretion system (T3SS), a core set of type 3 secreted effector proteins and the outer membrane adhesin intimin, which are essential for A/E lesion formation. A/E pathogens utilise their T3SSs to translocate dozens of effector proteins directly from the bacteria into host cells. ...
Scientists at North Carolina State University have discovered a phenomenon never seen before in plants while studying molecular changes inside tree cells as wood is formed.. In research published online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences the week of Aug. 20, the team found that one member of a family of proteins called transcription factors took control of a cascade of genes involved in forming wood, which includes a substance called lignin that binds fibers together and gives wood its strength.. The controller protein regulated gene expression on multiple levels, preventing abnormal or stunted plant growth. And it did so in a novel way.. The controller, a spliced variant of the SND1 family, was found in the cytoplasm outside the cell nucleus. This is abnormal, because transcription factor proteins are always in the nucleus. But when one of the four other proteins in its family group was present, the spliced variant was carried into the nucleus, where it bound to the family ...
gentamicin, rastvor za injekciju/infuziju, ATC J01GB03, SmPC (Sažetak karakteristika o leku) Terapijske indikacije: Gentamicin je aminoglikozidni antibiotik sa širokim baktericidnim spektrom dejstva. Obično je aktivan protiv većine sojeva sledećih bakterija: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp (indol pozitivni i indol negativni), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococci, Enterobacter pp., Citrobacter spp. i Providencia spp. Gentamicin je indikovan u infekcijama urinarnog trakta, respi...
To investigate, researchers used a mouse model infected with Citrobacter rodentium, the mouse equivalent of an E. coli infection. Using this model, they saw an increase in the permeability of the intestinal barrier within just two days of infection -- well before inflammation and epithelial damage. In particular, they uncovered a critical role for interleukin-22 that in turn influences another molecule called claudin-2, previously known to be involved in causing diarrhea. They found that diarrhea resulting from the signaling of these two molecules helped promote pathogen clearance and limited disease severity ...
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Nosocomial infections in renal transplant patients: risk factors and treatment implications associated with urinary tract and surgical site infections.. Guideline for interpretation of Microbiology Lab Results Lim Kruy, MD (SHCH). Augmentin. 3. If the first choice. • UTI: use nitrofurantoin.Citrobacter Koseri. FAQ. Can you recommend an other treatment for this. Sorry to everybody for the length but this should help you. it is from Up to.Treatment Options for the Cardinal Symptoms of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation. length of treatment,. Symptoms of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder ...
The intestinal microflora are capable of performing a wide variety of metabolic transformations. The intestinal bacteria can enhance the function of the entire gastrointestinal tract, protect against pathogenic, maintain the vital chemical balance of the gastrointestinal system, and produce needed vitamins and hormones (http;//www.upwardquest.com/crit2.html). Some of the products of this metabolism have been associated with carcinogenic processes, such as cancer, tumor formation, gastrointestinal disease, and infections. The ability of human intestinal microbes to interact with metabolites directly or after recirculation may contribute toward different toxicological disorders and disease. The purpose of this study is to characterize and isolate the azoreductase gene in Citrobacter freundii.
Looking for cephalosporinase? Find out information about cephalosporinase. A bacterial enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the lactam ring in some penicillin antibiotics, rendering them ineffective Explanation of cephalosporinase
The intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) that line the gut form a robust line of defense against ingested pathogens. We investigated the impact of infection with the enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium on mouse IEC metabolism using global proteomic and targeted metabolomics and lipidomics. The major signatures of the infection were upregulation of the sugar transporter Sglt4, aerobic glycolysis, and production of phosphocreatine, which mobilizes cytosolic energy. In contrast, biogenesis of mitochondrial cardiolipins, essential for ATP production, was inhibited, which coincided with increased levels of mucosal O2 and a reduction in colon-associated anaerobic commensals. In addition, IECs responded to infection by activating Srebp2 and the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. Unexpectedly, infected IECs also upregulated the cholesterol efflux proteins AbcA1, AbcG8, and ApoA1, resulting in higher levels of fecal cholesterol and a bloom of Proteobacteria. These results suggest that C. rodentium ...
Major depression (MDD) is accompanied by higher serum IgM/IgA responses to LPS of Gram-negative bacteria, suggesting increased bacterial translocation and gut dysbiosis. Gut dysbiosis may occur in bipolar disorder (BD) and there are differences between MDD and BD type 1 (BP1) and -2 (BP2) in nitro-oxidative stress biomarkers associated with leaky gut. This study examines serum IgM/IgA responses directed to LPS of 6 Gram-negative bacteria in 29 BP1, 37 BP2, 44 MDD and 30 healthy individuals. MDD plus BD was best discriminated from controls by increased IgM/IgA responses to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. BP1 patients showed higher IgM responses to Morganella morganii as compared with MDD and BP2 patients. Patients with melancholia showed higher IgA responses to Citrobacter koseri as compared to controls and non-melancholic depression. The total score on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale was significantly associated with IgA responses, especially C. koseri. IgG responses to oxidized low-density lipoprotein
Rice, L.B. (2007) Emerging issues in the management of infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 74, S12-S20.
In this report we have added to our understanding of the role of ILK in intestinal pathophysiology, specifically in the setting of bacterial infection. Similar to the findings reported for DSS-induced colitis we show that there is a reduced inflammatory response, associated with a reduction in CCL2 expression, an important immune cell chemoattractant. Furthermore, our findings indicate that the pattern but not the magnitude of epithelial C. rodentium binding is altered in the ILK-ko mice, with preserved apical binding but reduced lateral epithelial cell binding/migration, in between adjacent crypts. Although the reduced expression of fibronectin may account for this finding, we cannot exclude alterations in other extracellular matrix components, or alterations in the levels of other cell surface integrins as being involved in this response. An additional role for ILK is indicated by the reduced crypt hyperplasia observed associated with decreased cyclin D1 on immunohistochemistry, in ILK-ko ...
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) is a major public health concern in developing countries where it causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants. EPEC, along with a few other related pathogens namely enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), Citrobacter rodentium, rabbit enteropathogenic E. coli (REPEC), and Escherichia albertii constitute a group collectively referred to as attaching and effacing (A/E) pathogens. They are so called because upon infection these pathogens attach intimately to intestinal cells and destroy cellular microvilli. Destruction of the microvilli reduces the ability of the cells to absorb water and nutrients, which ultimately leads to diarrhea. Upon destruction, the infected bacterium recruits the structural proteins from the microvilli and remodels them to form filament-like protrusions that extend out of the infected cell and are crowned on top by the infecting bacterium (Fig. 1). This histopathological structure is commonly referred to as attaching and effacing (A/E) ...
Bacteria have mechanisms to export proteins for diverse purposes, including colonization of hosts and pathogenesis. A small number of archetypal bacterial secretion machines have been found in several groups of bacteria and mediate a fundamentally distinct secretion process. Perhaps erroneously, proteins called autotransporters have long been thought to be one of these protein secretion systems. Mounting evidence suggests that autotransporters might be substrates to be secreted, not an autonomous transporter system. We have discovered a new translocation and assembly module (TAM) that promotes efficient secretion of autotransporters in proteobacteria. Functional analysis of the TAM in Citrobacter rodentium, Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli showed that it consists of an Omp85-family protein, TamA, in the outer membrane and TamB in the inner membrane of diverse bacterial species. The discovery of the TAM provides a new target for the development of therapies to inhibit colonization by ...
The taking a chances that diarrhea clears intestinal pathogens has been weighed for centuries," protested corresponding originator Jerrold Turner, MD, PhD, of the BWH Regions of Pathology and Nostrum. "Its colliding on the gaining headway of intestinal infections residua poorly agreed. We sought to set down the task of diarrhea and to see if anticipating it influence really wait pathogen interruption and prolong evil.". To delve into, researchers fit of pique to a mouse mannequin infected with Citrobacter rodentium, the mouse a tender-hearted of an E. coli infection. Enervating this after, they saw an add to in the permeability of the intestinal ditch within well-founded two periods of infection - away ahead of redness and epithelial impairment. In particular, they uncovered a speculative role for interleukin-22 that in energize influences another molecule reasoned claudin-2, beforehand conscious to be embroiled with in provoking diarrhea. They secure that diarrhea impacting from the signaling ...
Enterobacter-ek, Citrobacter, Klebsiella eta Escherichiarekin batera bakterio koliformeen multzoa osatzen du. Koliformeak hestean bizi diren bakterioak dira, ezaugarri biokimiko amankomunak dituztenak eta garrantzi handikoak ingurugiro-mikrobiologian, kutsadura fekalaren adierazleak baitira.. Enterobacter giza zein animalien hesteetan bizi da, baina egoera librean ere aurki daiteke (uretan, lur-zoruan...) Espezie batzuk oportunistak dira, gaixotasunak sortuz immunitate-sistema ahula dutenengan; hori dela eta, infekzio nosokomial askoren jatorrian dago bakterio hau.. ...
Phenol is one of toxic pollutants in many kinds of hypersaline industrial effluents which should be treated properly before discharged into water bodies. In this work, a halophilic strain which could utilize phenol as the sole source of carbon and energy was isolated. Based on 16S rRNA results, it was identified as a member of Citrobacter. The phenol biodegradation ability and cell growth of the strain was evaluated with the variation of initial phenol concentration and salinity. The effect of temperature and pH on phenol removal was also investigated. The results showed that the strain was capable of withstanding high phenol (up to 1,100 mg L−1) environment with varying salinity conditions (0-10% of NaCl). The optimal initial phenol concentration was 400 mg L−1, with which the average removal rates of phenol peaked at 10.8 mg L−1 h−1. The higher initial concentration of phenol could inhibit the microbial metabolism. The optimal temperature, pH and salinity were 35 °C, 6.0, and 0%, ...
2000-5000 IU/kg) 2. Prolapsed Organs 3. Metabolic Bone Disease Turtles fed primarily organ meats (liver, heart) or pure muscle (beef, pork, chicken) will develop metabolic bone disease and other nutritional problems. Rx. Vit D3 parenteral and diet correction with suppliments. 4. Shell Rot Usually secondary to the turtle spending all of its time in the water or water which is of poor quality Infectious Diseases 1. Bacterial Disease Debilitated chelonians are vulnerable to respiratory diseases caused by bacteria. Aquatic turtles with lung disease will frequently float in the water asymmetrically or have difficulty surfacing or submerging Septic cutaneous ulcerative disease (SCUD) is a problem most frequently observed in feshwater aquatic turtles like sliders and cooters. The causative agent is Citrobacter fruendii, a Gram-negative rod. Affected animals may present with deep skin ulcers in a variety of locations. Turtles are prone to both superficial and deep mycoses. There are several reports in ...
Capurro, Angel F.; Novaro, Andres J.; Romero, Marta S.; Travaini, Alejandro; Cornell University. Biometrics Unit.; Cornell University. Dept. of Biometrics.; Cornell University. Dept. of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology ...
Looking for medication to treat complicated+urinary+tract+infection+from+citrobacter? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce the symptoms of complicated+urinary+tract+infection+from+citrobacter
A 1536-nucleotide-long sequence that carries the ampC beta-lactamase gene of the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome has been determined. This gene codes for a protein of 377 amino acids, of which the first 19 amino acids form a signal peptide. The molecular weight of the mature enzyme was determined to be 39,600. The ampC beta-lactamase with a substrate specificity for cephalosporins showed no significant sequence homologies with beta-lactamases of the penicillinase type or with D-alanine carboxypeptidases. However, because the region around serine-80 of the ampC beta-lactamase has extensive homology with an active-site fragment of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa cephalosporinase, we suggest that the ampC cephalosporinase as well as related cephalosporinases form a distinct group of serine beta-lactamases that have an evolutionary origin different from that of the serine penicillinases and thus constitute a new class of beta-lactamases.. ...
An agar medium for the isolation of Salmonella spp. is described. The medium, lysine-mannitol-glycerol agar, has features of both xylose-lysine-deoxycholate agar and mannitol-lysine-crystal violet-brilliant green agar, but glycerol is added for the differentiation of Salmonella and Citrobacter spp. The medium facilitates the detection of strains having atypical fermentation patterns, such as the lactose- or sucrose-positive salmonellae. The medium also detects Salmonella typhi after enrichment.
A total of 50 samples were examined, which consisted of 25 coins and currency notes each. Among the currency screened, 10 coins and 15 notes showed growth of single bacterial species, 11 coins and 9 notes showed the growth of two types of bacterial species each, and three coins and one note had grown three different organisms. The common fungal isolate from two of the coins was Aspergillus niger (n = 2). The bacterial isolates include Staphylococcus aureus (n = 11), Klebsiella spp. (n = 6), Escherichia coli (n = 01), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 3), Citrobacter spp. (n = 7), Pseudomonas spp. (n = 4), Acinetobacter spp. (n = 4), Enterobacter agglomerans (n = 2), Micrococcus spp. (n = 1), α - haemolytic Streptococcus spp. (n = 1) and Bacillus spp. (n = 35).. We have observed that 96% of the coins and 100% of the currency notes were found to be contaminated with different bacterial species, of which S. aureus, Klebsiella spp. and E. coli can be considered as pathogens, as they have been ...
The aim of this study was to compare the antimicro-bial efficiency of three tested dressings. Radiation was used as an established method for dressing sterilization. The dressings were denoted as number 1, 2 and 3. The study evaluated the antimicrobial effect on bacteria and fungi most commonly causing wound infection. The study used reference strains of bacteria (ATCC collec-tion, Argenta, Poland) and fungi (a collection of our own laboratory). Strains cultured from patients were applied anonymously.. As a representative of the Staphylococci family, S. aureus was selected and for the Enterococci family, E. faecalis was designated. As a representative of Gram-negative non-fermenting pathogen, P. aeruginosa was chosen. As representatives of the Enterobacteriaceae family, E. coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Citrobacter freundii and Proteus mirabilis were selected. As a representative of fungi, five strains of Candida spp. were selected based on patients pathogens culture.. The study was performed ...
Authors: SÜHEYLA TÜRKYILMAZ Abstract: The aims of this study were to isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa from dogs with otitis externa (OE), to determine the susceptibility of isolated strains to antibiotics, and to evaluate the incidence of the infection in the Aydın region. For this purpose, ear swab samples were obtained from 92 dogs with symptoms of OE infection and the samples were examined bacteriologically. Bacteria were isolated from 88 (96%) of 92 samples but no isolation was performed on 4 (4%) dogs. In total 93 microorganisms were identified. Among these microorganisms, staphylococci species were the most isolated one in number (43%), followed by P. aeruginosa (17%), Escherichia coli (11%), Proteus spp. (9%), Streptococcus spp. (9%), Pasteurella spp. (3%), Citrobacter spp. (3%), Corynebacterium spp. (3%), and Enterococcus spp. (2%). Of the 16 P. aeruginosa strains examined, 13 (81%) were sensitive to gentamycin, 12 (75%) to penicillin G, 7 (44%) to danofloxacin, 6 (38%) to streptomycin, ...
Macrophages play pleiotropic roles in maintaining the balance between immune tolerance and inflammatory responses in the gut. Here, we identified transcription factor RBP-J as a crucial regulator of colonic macrophage-mediated immune responses against the enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium . In the immune response phase, RBP-J promoted pathogen clearance by enhancing intestinal macrophage-elicited Th17 cell immune responses, which was achieved by maintenance of C/EBPβ-dependent IL-6 production by overcoming miRNA-17∼92-mediated suppressive effects. RBP-J deficiency-associated phenotypes could be genetically corrected by further deleting miRNA-17∼92 in macrophages. In the late phase, noneradicated pathogens in RBP-J KO mice recruited abundant IL-1β-expressing CD64 + Ly6C + colonic macrophages and thereby promoted persistence of ILC3-derived IL-22 to compensate for the impaired innate and adaptive immune responses, leading to ultimate clearance of pathogens. These results demonstrated ...
Bruce A. Vallance is the author of these articles in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: The Citrobacter rodentium Mouse Model: Studying Pathogen and Host Contributions to Infectious Colitis, DNBS/TNBS Colitis Models: Providing Insights Into Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Effects of Dietary Fat
To investigate the role of cross-infection in nonepidemic nosocomial bacteriuria in a large, university-affiliated hospital, we identified in adult patients admitted over an 11-week period all cases caused by organisms of the same genus, species, and antimicrobial susceptibility and clustered by date of onset and hospital ward. Further laboratory studies were conducted to verify clustering. Among the 3452 patients studied, 194 cases of nosocomial bacteriuria were identified; 49 appeared clustered by epidemiologic evidence. Additional laboratory tests verified clustering in 30 cases (15.5%). We found that 90% of clustered and 76% of nonclustered cases had had previous urinary catheterization; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, and Citrobacter freundii often caused clustered infection while Escherichia coli predominated in nonclustered cases; and resistance to gentamicin, sulfathiazole, and carbenicillin was significantly greater for pathogens from clustered cases than for nonclustered ...
The TH17 cell, a third subset of effector T helper cells, is the subject of intense research to understand their role in immunity and disease. An excellent review of emerging data suggests that the TH17 cells have an important role in host defense against specific pathogens, some of which include Propionibacterium acnes, the Gram-negative Citrobacter rodentium, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacteroides spp. and Borrelia spp., the acid-fast Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and fungi such as Candida albicans. They are also potent inducers of autoimmunity and tissue inflammation. In addition, differentiation factors responsible for TH17 generation reveal an interesting reciprocal relationship with regulatory T (Treg) cells, which prevent tissue inflammation and mediate self-tolerance. Editors comment: A fantastic review of a subject of interest to all allergists/immunologists. A must read. Bettelli E, et al., Nature 2008; ...
Background. Polymyxin B is a last-line therapy for multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. There is a dearth of pharmacokinetic data to guide dosing in ...
In a recent study 25 different types of yogurts were tested by the BioLumix method and the plate count method. The BioLumix ready to use vials were directly inoculated with 1.0 ml of various yogurts and monitored in the BioLumix system for 12 hours. Figure 1 shows the curves obtained. Key: Dark blue - Grape yogurt, Green - Grape yogurt inoculated with Citrobacter, Lt Blue - Raspberry yogurt, and Red - Raspberry yogurt inoculated with E. coli.. All products tested using the automated BioLumix assay for coliforms yielded results in a considerably shorter test time (typically 10-12 h) than the conventional Violet Red Bile Agar (VRBA) method (24 h to 72 h with confirmation). The BioLumix method can detect ,1 cfu/gram of product, being 10 times more sensitive that the plate count method. The BioLumix coliform medium had better selectivity in detecting coliforms, eliminating the need for the confirmation step.. ...
1. Javed M, Ueltzhöffer V, Heinrich M, Siegrist HJ, Wildermuth R, Lorenz F, Neher RA, Willmann M. "Colistin susceptibility test evaluation of multiple-resistance level Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates generated in a morbidostat device". Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, accepted. 2. Wendel AF, Meyer S, Deenen R, Köhrer K, Kolbe-Busch S, Pfeffer K, Willmann M, Kaasch AJ, MacKenzie CR. „Long-Term, Low-Frequency Cluster of a German-Imipenemase-1-Producing Enterobacter hormaechei ssp. steigerwaltii ST89 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Germany." Microbial Drug Resistance, 2018. 3. Górska A, Peter S, Willmann M, Autenrieth I, Schlaberg R, Huson DH. "Dynamics of the human gut phageome during antibiotic treatment." Computational Biology and Chemistry, 2018 4. Peter S, Bezdan D, Oberhettinger P, Vogel W, Dörfel D, Dick J, Marschal M, Liese J, Weidenmaier C, Autenrieth I, Ossowski S, Willmann M. „Whole-genome sequencing enabling the detection of a colistin-resistant hypermutating Citrobacter ...
Materials and Methods We performed DSS-induced colitis in Scd4-/- and C57BL/6 WT mice. We used weight loss, colon length and histological scoring of colonic modifications to measure the course of colitis. Scd4-/- and WT mice were orally gavaged with 5 × 108 colony-forming units (CFU) of invasive bacterium Citrobacter rhodentium (C. rhodentium). The changes of body weight and faecal excretion of C. rhodentium were monitored for 21 days followed by evaluation of histological changes after infection. The permeability of the colon was examined in vitro by infection of colon samples from Scd4-/- and C57BL/6 WT mice with C. rhodentium. The migration behaviour of endothelial human cells (T-84) and scd4-siRNA T-84 knockdown cells was analysed by scratch assay. ...
Students conduct simple tests for polymer hydrolysis using 3 Bacillus species that look identical in culture and in morphology. Students conduct starch, lipid, and protein degradation tests on the bacteria to detect the difference in the 3. Tests are completed in 48 hours. Keep bacteria cultures and agar at room temperature. Refrigerate spirit blue agar plates until use. Perishable materials included. Kit includes enough materials for a class of 30. ...
The information on this website is not intended for direct diagnostic use or medical decision-making without review by a genetics professional. Individuals should not change their health behavior solely on the basis of information contained on this website. Neither the University of Utah nor the National Institutes of Health independently verfies the submitted information. If you have questions about the information contained on this website, please see a health care professional. ...
van den Thillart, Guido, Dufour, Sylvie and Rankin, J. Cliff, eds. (2008) Spawning Migration of the European Eel. Fish & Fisheries Series, 30 . Springer Netherlands, London, UK. ISBN 978-1-4020-9095-0 (Online) Ababou, Abdessamad, Gautel, Mathias and Pfuhl, Mark (2007) Disecting the N-terminal myosin binding site of human cardiac myosin binding protein C : Structure and myosin binding of domain C2. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282 (12). pp. 9204-9215. ISSN 00219258 Ahmed, Naveed, Tsang, Wing Y. and Page, Michael I. (2004) Acyl vs Sulfonyl Transfer in N-Acyl β-Sultams and 3-Oxo-β sultams. Organic Letters, 6 (2). pp. 201-203. ISSN 15237060 Akbar, Sirwan, Rout, Simon and Humphreys, Paul (2015) Draft Genome Sequences of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain PS3 and Citrobacter freundii Strain SA79 Obtained from a Wound DressingAssociated Biofilm. Genome Announcements, 3 (3). ISSN 2169-8287 Al-Nuaimi, Yusur, Hardman, Jonathan A., Bíró, Tamás, Haslam, Iain S., Philpott, Michael P., Tóth, Balázs I., ...
The rapid turnover and exfoliation of mucosal epithelial cells provides an innate defence system against bacterial infection. Nevertheless, many pathogenic bacteria, including Shigella, are able to surmount exfoliation and colonize the epithelium efficiently. Here we show that the Shigella flexneri effector OspE (consisting of OspE1 and OspE2 proteins), which is highly conserved among enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, enterohaemorrhagic E. coli, Citrobacter rodentium and Salmonella strains, reinforces host cell adherence to the basement membrane by interacting with integrin-linked kinase (ILK). The number of focal adhesions was augmented along with membrane fraction ILK by ILK-OspE binding. The interaction between ILK and OspE increased cell surface levels of beta1 integrin and suppressed phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and paxillin, which are required for rapid turnover of focal adhesion in cell motility. Nocodazole-washout-induced focal adhesion disassembly was blocked by expression ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - NIK signaling axis regulates dendritic cell function in intestinal immunity and homeostasis. AU - Jie, Zuliang. AU - Yang, Jin Young. AU - Gu, Meidi. AU - Wang, Hui. AU - Xie, Xiaoping. AU - Li, Yanchuan. AU - Liu, Ting. AU - Zhu, Lele. AU - Shi, Jianhong. AU - Zhang, Lingyun. AU - Zhou, Xiaofei. AU - Joo, Donghyun. AU - Brightbill, Hans D.. AU - Cong, Yingzi. AU - Lin, Daniel. AU - Cheng, Xuhong. AU - Sun, Shao Cong. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - Dendritic cells (DCs) play an integral role in regulating mucosal immunity and homeostasis, but the signaling network mediating this function of DCs is poorly defined. We identified the noncanonical NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) as a crucial mediator of mucosal DC function. DC-specific NIK deletion impaired intestinal immunoglobulin A (IgA) secretion and microbiota homeostasis, rendering mice sensitive to an intestinal pathogen, Citrobacter rodentium. DC-specific NIK was required for expression of the IgA transporter polymeric ...
New publication on Attributable Mortality of Healthcare-Associated Infections Due to Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus from Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology Attributable Mortality of Healthcare-Associated Infections Due to Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
The chromosomally encoded beta-lactamase gene of Klebsiella oxytoca E23004, a strain resistant to cefoperazone and aztreonam, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli HB101. The molecular mass and pI of this enzyme were 28 kilodaltons and 7.4, respectively. Although the beta-lactamase of K. oxytoca hydrolyzed many cephalosporins, including broad-spectrum drugs, the nucleotide sequence and deduced amino acid sequence lacked homology with chromosomal class C beta-lactamase genes (ampC) of E. coli or Citrobacter freundii. Rather, about 45% nucleotide sequence homology and 40% deduced amino acid sequence homology were observed between the K. oxytoca beta-lactamase and TEM-1, a class A beta-lactamase which does not efficiently hydrolyze cephalosporins. Values of Km, relative Vmax, and relative Vmax/Km for the K. oxytoca beta-lactamase indicated that the enzyme is a penicillinase but that it can hydrolyze cefoperazone effectively and other broad-spectrum cephems weakly. Hence, the chromosomal ...
In this study we analysed the spectrum of Enterobacteriaceae in tracheal aspirates of intubated PICU patients from 2005 to 2014. The spectrum of Enterobacteriaceae in lower respiratory tract material revealed Enterobacter spp., E.coli and Klebsiella spp. as the most common isolates (86%). Comparable data of matching study settings are scarce in the current literature. Wilson et al. [5] collected daily tracheal aspirates from intubated children. Consistent with our findings, the most common Gram-negative organisms isolated were Klebsiella spp. and E.coli, followed by Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter cloacae. Lee et al. [34] described the microbiological spectrum and susceptibility pattern of clinical isolates from a PICU and found a rate of 20% ESBL-positive Klebsiella in 2005. Our study displayed a lower rate with only 6.5% of Klebsiella spp. isolates being ESBL-positive. However, more than half of E.coli isolates (55%), about a quarter of all Klebsiella spp. (28%) isolates and 4 out of 6 ...
Skin and skin structure infections caused by bacteria such as Eschericia coli, Klebsiells pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus Valgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Citrobacter freundii among other bacterial species.. Bone and joint infections brought about by Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Serratia marcescens.. Infectious diarrhea caused by Escheria coli, Campylobacter jejuni, Shigella dysentriae or Shigella sonnei.. However, users ought to note that treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and tuberculosis are not among the Ciprofloxacin uses. Users should also note that the drug has its own share of severe side effects. For this reason, FDA added a pair of black box warnings to the drug due to the spontaneous tendon ruptures and the probability of the drug to worsen myathenia gravitis symptoms, including breathing problems and weakness of muscles. However, these shortcomings do not take away the fact that Ciprofloxacin uses are many and highly beneficial. The only ...

Citrobacter - WikipediaCitrobacter - Wikipedia

Citrobacter species are differentiated by their ability to convert tryptophan to indole (C. koseri is the only citrobacter to ... V. Drelichman; J. D. Band (1985). "Bacteremias due to Citrobacter diversus and Citrobacter freundii. Incidence, risk factors, ... Citrobacter is a genus of Gram-negative coliform bacteria in the Enterobacteriaceae family. The species C. amalonaticus, C. ... Citrobacter shows the ability to accumulate uranium by building phosphate complexes. These bacteria can be found almost ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citrobacter

What is the morphology of Citrobacter freundii? | Reference.comWhat is the morphology of Citrobacter freundii? | Reference.com

Citrobacter have hair-like extensions, called flagella, that... ... Citrobacter freundii appear as Gram-negative, rod-shaped ... Citrobacter freundii cause hospital-acquired infections. Though they are not common sources of these infections, Citrobacter ... Another way that Citrobacter freundii can be spread is through eating contaminated foods, such as parsley. Outside of a host, ... Citrobacter freundii appear as Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that are 0.3-1 micrometer in diameter and 0.6-6 micrometers ...
more infohttps://www.reference.com/science/morphology-citrobacter-freundii-ebb64531ef66293c

Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman and Gillen ATCC ® 8090™Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman and Gillen ATCC ® 8090™

Citrobacter freundii ATCC ® 8090™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: Produces restriction endonuclease CfrAI Quality ... Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman and Gillen (ATCC® 8090™) Strain Designations: [ATCC 13316, NCTC 9750] / Type Strain: yes ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : U14466 Citrobacter freundii ATCC 8090 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (gnd) gene, partial cds. ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF052253 Citrobacter freundii DNA gyrase A (gyrA) gene, partial cds. ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/By_Organization__Company/8090.aspx?slp=1

Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman and Gillen ATCC ® 8090™Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman and Gillen ATCC ® 8090™

Citrobacter freundii ATCC ® 8090™ Designation: TypeStrain=True Application: Produces restriction endonuclease CfrAI Quality ... Citrobacter freundii (Braak) Werkman and Gillen (ATCC® 8090™) Strain Designations: [ATCC 13316, NCTC 9750] / Type Strain: yes ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : U14466 Citrobacter freundii ATCC 8090 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (gnd) gene, partial cds. ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF052253 Citrobacter freundii DNA gyrase A (gyrA) gene, partial cds. ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Collections/Preceptrol_Cultures/8090.aspx?slp=1

KEGG PATHWAY: Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis - Citrobacter koseriKEGG PATHWAY: Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis - Citrobacter koseri

Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis - Citrobacter koseri [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
more infohttp://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?cko00900

Citrobacter freundii strain 181 Scaffold89, whole genome shotgun seque - Nucleotide - NCBICitrobacter freundii strain 181 Scaffold89, whole genome shotgun seque - Nucleotide - NCBI

Citrobacter freundii strain 181 Scaffold89, whole genome shotgun sequence Citrobacter freundii strain 181 Scaffold89, whole ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/1231327508

Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696)Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696)

Citrobacter koseri, formerly known as Citrobacter diversus, is best known as the cause of sepsis and meningitis leading to ... This proteome is part of the Citrobacter koseri pan proteome (fasta) The genus Citrobacter was originally distinguished from ... It adults, however, Citrobacter infection with central nervous system involvement is rare, and is usually associated with an ... Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696) was isolated in 1983 in Maryland where it caused neonatal ...
more infohttp://www.uniprot.org/proteomes/UP000008148

CI104 15820 - Alpha-amylase - Citrobacter farmeri - CI104 15820 gene & proteinCI104 15820 - Alpha-amylase - Citrobacter farmeri - CI104 15820 gene & protein

tr,A0A223JT83,A0A223JT83_9ENTR Alpha-amylase OS=Citrobacter farmeri OX=67824 GN=CI104_15820 PE=4 SV=1 ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/A0A223JT83

Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis--a case report. | Sigma-AldrichCitrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis--a case report. | Sigma-Aldrich

Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis--a case report.. [Shaharuddin Nor Hayati ... Paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis due to Citrobacter koseri is a very rare condition. We report a remarkable case of ... Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis in a patient who has successfully been ...
more infohttps://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/23082432

Molecular epidemiology of a nosocomial outbreak due to SHV-4-producing strains of Citrobacter diversus. | Journal of Clinical...Molecular epidemiology of a nosocomial outbreak due to SHV-4-producing strains of Citrobacter diversus. | Journal of Clinical...

Over a 6-month period, eight strains of Citrobacter diversus (Citrobacter koseri) resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins ... Molecular epidemiology of a nosocomial outbreak due to SHV-4-producing strains of Citrobacter diversus.. Z El Harrif-Heraud, C ... Molecular epidemiology of a nosocomial outbreak due to SHV-4-producing strains of Citrobacter diversus. ... Molecular epidemiology of a nosocomial outbreak due to SHV-4-producing strains of Citrobacter diversus. ...
more infohttps://jcm.asm.org/content/35/10/2561?ijkey=7409fc4830b7c5b0f7fe1b82194418d256a9bff4&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Citrobacter koseri sources of infection - Doctor answers on HealthcareMagicCitrobacter koseri sources of infection - Doctor answers on HealthcareMagic

... desapear but i still have the flude and in the last exam i still have citrobacter . what can i do? ... ... hello i was diagnosed recently to have a citrobacter koseri , and it was causing me a painfull UTI ... ... Is citrobacter Koseri in the urine hard to treat and if on an antibiotic will it clear up. Is it contageous to other people ... an infection called Citrobacter Koseri, the hospital do not seem to know too much about the infection or what ... more... ...
more infohttps://www.healthcaremagic.com/search/citrobacter-koseri-sources-of-infection

Adopt A Microbe: Citrobacter freundiiAdopt A Microbe: Citrobacter freundii

Im part of tribe 4, the Citrobacter tribe.. My cousin C. diversus and I like to hang around hospitals.. We cause nosocomial ( ... do you know any links/sites i can use as a reference or any info on citrobacter freundii that are scientific resources? im ...
more infohttp://adoptamicrobe.blogspot.com/2006/06/citrobacter-freundii.html

Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions<...Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions<...

Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions. / Wine, ... Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions. American ... title = "Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions ... T1 - Osteopontin mediates Citrobacter rodentium-induced colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia and attaching-effacing lesions ...
more infohttps://ucdavis.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/osteopontin-mediates-citrobacter-rodentium-induced-colonic-epithe

Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice<...Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice<...

Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice. Simon Clare, Victoria John, Alan W ... Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice. Infection and Immunity. 2013 Mar;81( ... Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice. In: Infection and Immunity. 2013 ; ... Enhanced susceptibility to Citrobacter rodentium infection in microRNA-155-deficient mice. / Clare, Simon; John, Victoria; ...
more infohttps://abdn.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/enhanced-susceptibility-to-citrobacter-rodentium-infection-in-mic

Citrobacter rodentium subverts ATP flux and cholesterol homeostasis in intestinal epithelial cells in vivo  -ORCACitrobacter rodentium subverts ATP flux and cholesterol homeostasis in intestinal epithelial cells in vivo -ORCA

Citrobacter rodentium subverts ATP flux and cholesterol homeostasis in intestinal epithelial cells in vivo. Cell Metabolism 26 ... Citrobacter rodentium subverts ATP flux and cholesterol homeostasis in intestinal epithelial cells in vivo ... We investigated the impact of infection with the enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium on mouse IEC metabolism using global ...
more infohttp://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/114701/

Requirement of epithelial integrin-linked kinase for facilitation of Citrobacter rodentium-induced colitis | BMC...Requirement of epithelial integrin-linked kinase for facilitation of Citrobacter rodentium-induced colitis | BMC...

ILKCitrobacterColitisFibronectin. Background. Gastrointestinal infection is an important cause of mortality in the developing ... Borenshtein D, Nambiar PR, Groff EB, Fox JG, Schauer DB: Development of fatal colitis in FVB mice infected with citrobacter ... MacDonald TT, Frankel G, Dougan G, Goncalves NS, Simmons C: Host defences to citrobacter rodentium. Int J Med Microbiol. 2003, ... Here we report on the role of epithelial derived ILK in response to Citrobacter rodentium infection. ...
more infohttps://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-230X-13-137

Arsenic in the structure of Crystal Structure of the Class A Beta-Lactamase Sed-G238C Mutant From Citrobacter Sedlakii (pdb...Arsenic in the structure of Crystal Structure of the Class A Beta-Lactamase Sed-G238C Mutant From Citrobacter Sedlakii (pdb...

Crystal Structure of the Class A Beta-Lactamase Sed-G238C Mutant From Citrobacter Sedlakii ... Arsenic in the structure of Crystal Structure of the Class A Beta-Lactamase Sed-G238C Mutant From Citrobacter Sedlakii (pdb ... sites of Arsenic atom in the structure of Crystal Structure of the Class A Beta-Lactamase Sed-G238C Mutant From Citrobacter ...
more infohttp://arsenic.atomistry.com/pdb3bfd.html

Strain-resolved community genomic analysis of gut microbial colonization in a premature infant | PNASStrain-resolved community genomic analysis of gut microbial colonization in a premature infant | PNAS

... on larger Citrobacter fragments, automated assembly resulted in a highly fragmented genome. Citrobacter contigs displayed many ... Citrobacter in the third colonization phase is closely related to Citrobacter freundii. Despite average coverage of ∼13× ... A) Citrobacter UC1CIT genomic overview. A larger version of this figure is included as Fig. S9. (a) Outside circle represents ... c and d) Orthologs to UC1CIT-i in Citrobacter sp. 30_2 and C. koseri. (e) UC1CIT-ii paths with gene content not shared by ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/108/3/1128?ijkey=687625db9b1aa4bfe9b03acc029f59b2f7bb6721&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Augmentin length of treatment for uti - Prix viagra pharmacie algerie 2017Augmentin length of treatment for uti - Prix viagra pharmacie algerie 2017

UTI: use nitrofurantoin.Citrobacter Koseri. FAQ. Can you recommend an other treatment for this. Sorry to everybody for the ...
more infohttp://www.cprtunisie.net/jytu/augmentin-length-of-treatment-for-uti-2407.php

British Library EThOS: Subversion of Rho GTPases by WxxxE effectors of attaching and effacing pathogensBritish Library EThOS: Subversion of Rho GTPases by WxxxE effectors of attaching and effacing pathogens

Citrobacter rodentium is a murine pathogen which is an excellent animal model for EPEC and EHEC infection. EPEC, EHEC and C. ... Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), Enterohaemorhagic E. coli (EHEC) and Citrobacter rodentium are constituent members of the ...
more infohttp://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.523261

Increased Serum Immunoglobulin Responses to Gut Commensal Gram-Negative Bacteria in Unipolar Major Depression and Bipolar...Increased Serum Immunoglobulin Responses to Gut Commensal Gram-Negative Bacteria in Unipolar Major Depression and Bipolar...

Patients with melancholia showed higher IgA responses to Citrobacter koseri as compared to controls and non-melancholic ... Patients with melancholia showed higher IgA responses to Citrobacter koseri as compared to controls and non-melancholic ...
more infohttps://www.preprints.org/manuscript/201907.0293/v1

Search Results | RUPSearch Results | RUP

... factor RBP-J as a crucial regulator of colonic macrophage-mediated immune responses against the enteric pathogen Citrobacter ...
more infohttps://rupress.org/jem/search-results?f_SemanticFilterTopics=tumor%20necrosis%20factors

Items where School is School of Applied Sciences | Biomolecular Sciences Research Centre - University of Huddersfield...Items where School is "School of Applied Sciences | Biomolecular Sciences Research Centre" - University of Huddersfield...

Draft Genome Sequences of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain PS3 and Citrobacter freundii Strain SA79 Obtained from a Wound ...
more infohttp://eprints.hud.ac.uk/view/depts/bmsrc.default.html

Citrobacter farmeri definition | Drugs.comCitrobacter farmeri definition | Drugs.com

Definition of Citrobacter farmeri. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/citrobacter-farmeri.html

What Is Citrobacter Freundii? | Reference.comWhat Is Citrobacter Freundii? | Reference.com

Citrobacter freundii is an infectious anaerobic bacterium that forms rod-like structures known as coccobacilli. This bacterium ... Citrobacter is responsible for infections in normally sterile sites in the human body, including the blood, urinary tract and ... Citrobacter infections are most common in infants under age 2 and in adults with compromised immune systems. Infections are ... Citrobacter freundii is an infectious anaerobic bacterium that forms rod-like structures known as coccobacilli. This bacterium ...
more infohttps://www.reference.com/science/citrobacter-freundii-b9799060694e41e8
  • Citrobacter have hair-like extensions, called flagella, that are distributed all over the surface of the bacteria, enabling movement, as stated by the Public Health Agency of Canada. (reference.com)
  • The most common way of spreading Citrobacter freundii is person-to-person transmission, including among hospital staff, and between mother and child, as reported by the PHAC. (reference.com)
  • Citrobacter shows the ability to accumulate uranium by building phosphate complexes. (wikipedia.org)
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