City Planning: Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.BrazilMexicoUrbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.VietnamAir Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Terrorism: The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.Hospitals, Urban: Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.ArgentinaEnvironmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.United StatesAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.JapanHIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Suburban Population: The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.RestaurantsSex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.IndiaWeather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Dominican Republic: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).ExplosionsBaltimoreGeographic Mapping: Creating a representation of areas of the earth or other celestial bodies, for the purpose of visualizing spatial distributions of various information.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Hospitals, Municipal: Hospitals controlled by the city government.LondonParticulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Public Facilities: An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Nitrogen Dioxide: Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.New JerseyNew YorkSchools: Educational institutions.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.TexasChicagoHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Respiratory Tract DiseasesUrban Renewal: The planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas.Syringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Vatican CityProgram Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.IranRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.PeruEducational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Environment Design: The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.EuropeAedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.Public Housing: Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Firearms: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.TurkeyHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Social Planning: Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Prostitution: The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.Rescue Work: Activities devoted to freeing persons or animals from danger to life or well-being in accidents, fires, bombings, floods, earthquakes, other disasters and life-threatening conditions. While usually performed by team efforts, rescue work is not restricted to organized services.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.RussiaKansasNeedle Sharing: Usage of a single needle among two or more people for injecting drugs. Needle sharing is a high-risk behavior for contracting infectious disease.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Railroads: Permanent roads having a line of rails fixed to ties and laid to gage, usually on a leveled or graded ballasted roadbed and providing a track for freight cars, passenger cars, and other rolling stock. Cars are designed to be drawn by locomotives or sometimes propelled by self-contained motors. (From Webster's 3d) The concept includes the organizational and administrative aspects of railroads as well.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Suburban Health: The status of health in suburban populations.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.Needle-Exchange Programs: Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Air Conditioning: The maintenance of certain aspects of the environment within a defined space to facilitate the function of that space; aspects controlled include air temperature and motion, radiant heat level, moisture, and concentration of pollutants such as dust, microorganisms, and gases. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Public Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)TokyoPolitics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Emigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.IraqRisk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.ChileCensuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Beauty CultureDeath Certificates: Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.PhilippinesFiresAttitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.YemenEnvironmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.HIV Seroprevalence: Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).Recreation: Activity engaged in for pleasure.MissouriPhiladelphiaChild Day Care Centers: Facilities which provide care for pre-school and school-age children.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.PolandEnglandAutomobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Hospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Hospitals, Private: A class of hospitals that includes profit or not-for-profit hospitals that are controlled by a legal entity other than a government agency. (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed)Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.Epidemics: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.Heat Exhaustion: A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.

Variations in infant mortality rates among municipalities in the state of Ceara, Northeast Brazil: an ecological analysis. (1/948)

BACKGROUND: Infant mortality rates vary substantially among municipalities in the State of Ceara, from 14 to 193 per 1000 live births. Identification of the determinants of these differences can be of particular importance to infant health policy and programmes in Brazil where local governments play a pivotal role in providing primary health care. METHODS: Ecological study across 140 municipalities in the State of Ceara, Brazil. RESULTS: To determine the interrelationships between potential predictors of infant mortality, we classified 11 variables into proximate determinants (adequate weight gain and exclusively breastfeeding), health services variables (prenatal care up-to-date, participation in growth monitoring, immunization up-to-date, and decentralization of health services), and socioeconomic factors (female literacy rate, household income, adequate water supply, adequate sanitation, and per capita gross municipality product), and included the variables in each group simultaneously in linear regression models. In these analyses, only one of the proximate determinants (exclusively breastfeeding (inversely), R2 = 9.3) and one of the health services variables (prenatal care up-to-date (inversely), R2 = 22.8) remained significantly associated with infant mortality. In contrast, female literacy rate (inversely), household income (directly) and per capita GMP (inversely) were independently associated with the infant mortality rate (for the model including the three variables R2 = 25.2). Finally, we considered simultaneously the variables from each group, and selected a model that explained 41% of the variation in infant mortality rates between municipalities. The paradoxical direct association between household income and infant mortality was present only in models including female illiteracy rate, and suggests that among these municipalities, increases in income unaccompanied by improvements in female education may not substantially reduce infant mortality. The lack of independent associations between inadequate sanitation and infant mortality rates may be due to the uniformly poor level of this indicator across municipalities and provides no evidence against its critical role in child survival. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that promotion of exclusive breastfeeding and increased prenatal care utilization, as well as investments in female education would have substantial positive effects in further reducing infant mortality rates in the State of Ceara.  (+info)

Geographical patterns of excess mortality in Spain explained by two indices of deprivation. (2/948)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyse the geographical patterns and the magnitude of the association between deprivation and mortality in Spain. To estimate the excess of mortality in more deprived areas of the country by region. DESIGN: Cross sectional ecological study using 1991 census variables and mortality data for 1987-1992. SETTING: 2220 small areas in Spain. MAIN RESULTS: A geographical gradient from north east to south west was shown by both mortality and deprivation levels in Spain. Two dimensions of deprivation (that is, Index 1 and Index 2) obtained by exploratory factor analysis using four census indicators were found to predict mortality: mortality over 65 years of age was more associated with Index 1, while mortality under 65 years of age was more associated with Index 2. Excess mortality in the most deprived areas accounted for about 35,000 deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Two indices of deprivation strongly predict mortality in two age groups. Excess number of deaths in the most deprived geographical areas account for 10% of total number of deaths annually. In Spain there is great potential for reducing mortality if the excess risk in more deprived areas fell to the level of the most affluent areas.  (+info)

Isolation, cultivation, and characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi from rodents and ticks in the Charleston area of South Carolina. (3/948)

Twenty-eight Borrelia burgdorferi isolates from the Charleston, S.C., area are described. This represents the first report and characterization of the Lyme disease spirochete from that state. The isolates were obtained from December 1994 through December 1995 from the tick Ixodes scapularis, collected from vegetation, and from the rodents Peromyscus gossypinus (cotton mouse), Neotoma floridana (eastern wood rat), and Sigmodon hispidus (cotton rat). All isolates were screened immunologically by indirect immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies to B. burgdorferi-specific outer surface protein A (OspA) (antibodies H5332 and H3TS) and B. burgdorferi-specific OspB (antibodies H6831 and H614), a Borrelia (genus)-specific antiflagellin antibody (H9724), Borrelia hermsii-specific antibodies (H9826 and H4825), and two polyclonal antibodies (one to Borrelia species and another to B. burgdorferi). Six of the isolates were analyzed by exposing Western blots to monoclonal antibodies H5332, H3TS, H6831, and H9724. All isolates were also analyzed by PCR with five pairs of primers known to amplify selected DNA target sequences specifically reported to be present in the reference strain, B. burgdorferi B-31. The protein profiles of six of the isolates (two from ticks, one from a cotton mouse, two from wood rats, and one from a cotton rat) also were compared by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We conclude that the 28 Charleston isolates are B. burgdorferi sensu stricto based on their similarities to the B. burgdorferi B-31 reference strain.  (+info)

Analysis of falling mortality rates in Edinburgh and Glasgow. (4/948)

BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to describe and interpret trends in mortality in Glasgow and Edinburgh METHODS: A comparison was made between observed all-cause and cause-specific mortality rates for 1989-1993 for men and women aged 35-74 and rates predicted on the basis of modelled mortality data for residents of Glasgow and Edinburgh aged 25-74 in quinquennia based on Census years 1961, 1971 and 1981. RESULTS: All-cause mortality rates fell between 1979-1983 and 1989-1993 by a larger amount in Edinburgh than in Glasgow (24.5 versus 14.5 per cent in men; 20.4 versus 10.5 per cent in women). Differences in life expectancy between the cities at age 35 increased by 44 per cent to 4.7 years in men and by 19 per cent to 2.5 years in women. Mortality rates improved in all age and sex groups but trends were least favourable in Edinburgh men and women aged 35-44. Mortality rates in both cities fell by a larger amount than predicted, by 10 per cent in men and 6 per cent in women. CONCLUSIONS: The widening of differences in life expectancy between Glasgow and Edinburgh is mainly due to a historical trend of longevity increasing more quickly in Edinburgh. Although precise explanations are not possible, it seems likely that this difference between the cities is explained in large measure by their consistently and markedly contrasting socio-economic profiles. Comparison of the cities conceals, however, a trend of falling mortality rates in both populations, comprising most of the observed reduction in mortality rates in Glasgow, which appears to result in part from factors operating in the short term. Interpretation of trends in cause-specific mortality rates needs to take account of the possibility of long-term and short-term trends in all-cause mortality in different social groups.  (+info)

An international comparison of cancer survival: relatively poor areas of Toronto, Ontario and three US metropolitan areas. (5/948)

BACKGROUND: This study of cancer survival compared adults in Toronto, Ontario and three US metropolitan areas: Seattle, Washington; San Francisco, California; and Hartford, Connecticut. It examined whether socioeconomic status has a differential effect on cancer survival in Canada and the United States. METHODS: The Ontario Cancer Registry and the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End RESULTS: (SEER) programme provided a total of 23,437 and 37,329 population-based primary malignant cancer cases for the Toronto and US samples, respectively (1986-1988, followed until 1994). Census-based measures of socioeconomic status were used to ecologically control absolute income status. RESULTS: Among residents of low-income areas, persons in Toronto experienced a 5 year survival advantage for 13 of 15 cancer sites [minimally one gender significant at 95 per cent confidence interval (CI)]. An aggregate 35 per cent survival advantage among the Canadian cohort was demonstrated (survival rate ratio (SRR) = 1.35, 95 per cent CI= 1.30-1.40), and this effect was even larger among younger patients not yet eligible for Medicare coverage in the United States (SRR = 1.46, 95 per cent CI = 1.40-1.52). CONCLUSION: Systematically replicating a previous Toronto-Detroit comparison, this study's observed consistent pattern of Canadian survival advantage across various cancer sites suggests that their more equitable access to preventive and therapeutic health care services may be responsible for the difference.  (+info)

An explanation of the persistent doctor-mortality association. (6/948)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explain the persistent but puzzling positive correlation of physicians per capita and mortality rates, when income is controlled, which has been reported many times since it was first observed in 1978. The explanation that is proposed and tested is that expanding urban-industrial regions attract an oversupply of doctors. Also, but independently, rural people migrate to urban-industrial areas where they suffer from the stress of adapting to urban-industrial life. Consequently, their death rates rise. SOURCE MATERIAL: Using data from the 47 Japanese prefectures, the 3000+ counties of the USA and a set of 29 mostly European countries, the explanation was examined by adding the appropriate test variable to a basic equation linking physicians per capita to mortality, net of income. RESULTS: The test variables dissolved or reduced the original correlation in two of the three samples, but the signs did not change from positive to negative, as would be expected on the basis of conventional biomedical theory. The available test variable (refugees) did not reduce the correlation for the 29 countries but a particular subset of countries was identified that did. CONCLUSION: The conceptual and empirical analysis exposed the positive correlation as spurious, but the availability of medical specialists had little impact on mortality rates in competition with the social and economic variables that were used as controls.  (+info)

Microbial etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in the adult population of 4 municipalities in eastern Finland. (7/948)

To determine the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in the adult population of a defined area, specific antibody responses in paired serum samples, levels of circulating pneumococcal immune complexes in serum samples, and pneumococcal antigen in urine were measured. Samples (304 paired serum samples and 300 acute urine samples) were obtained from 345 patients > or =15 years old with community-acquired, radiologically confirmed pneumonia, which comprised all cases in the population of 4 municipalities in eastern Finland during 1 year. Specific infecting organisms were identified in 183 patients (including 49 with mixed infection), as follows: Streptococcus pneumoniae, 125 patients; Haemophilus influenzae, 12; Moraxella catarrhalis, 8; chlamydiae, 37 (of which, Chlamydia pneumoniae, 30); Mycoplasma pneumoniae, 30; and virus species, 27. The proportion of patients with pneumococcal infections increased and of those with Mycoplasma infections decreased with age, but for each age group, the etiologic profile was similar among inpatients and among outpatients. S. pneumoniae was the most important etiologic agent. The annual incidence of pneumococcal pneumonia per 1000 inhabitants aged > or =60 years was 8.0.  (+info)

Fine particulate matter and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration patterns in Roxbury, Massachusetts: a community-based GIS analysis. (8/948)

Given an elevated prevalence of respiratory disease and density of pollution sources, residents of Roxbury, Massachusetts, have been interested in better understanding their exposures to air pollution. To determine whether local transportation sources contribute significantly to exposures, we conducted a community-based pilot investigation to measure concentrations of fine particulate matter (particulate matter < 2.5 microm; PM(2.5)) and particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Roxbury in the summer of 1999. Community members carried portable monitors on the streets in a 1-mile radius around a large bus terminal to create a geographic information system (GIS) map of concentrations and gathered data on site characteristics that could predict ambient concentrations. Both PM(2.5) and PAH concentrations were greater during morning rush hours and on weekdays. In linear mixed-effects regressions controlling for temporal autocorrelation, PAH concentrations were significantly higher with closer proximity to the bus terminal (p < 0.05), and both pollutants were elevated, but not statistically significantly so, on bus routes. Regressions on a subset of measurements for which detailed site characteristics were gathered showed higher concentrations of both pollutants on roads reported to have heavy bus traffic. Although a more comprehensive monitoring protocol would be needed to develop robust predictive functions for air pollution, our study demonstrates that pollution patterns in an urban area can be characterized with limited monitoring equipment and that university-community partnerships can yield relevant exposure information.  (+info)

*Cities (journal)

Cities is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Elsevier. It focuses on analysis and assessment of current ... "Cities". 2012 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Social Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2013. Official website. ...

*Dappled Cities

... (formerly "Dappled Cities Fly") are an indie rock band from Sydney, Australia. The band first came together as ... In 2006 Dappled Cities Fly performed in London, England and at shows in the United States, including South by Southwest, where ... Dappled Cities' third album, Zounds, was released in Australia in 2009 and in the United States in early 2010. The album ... Dappled Cities Fly's early single and EP releases were critically well received and played Australia-wide on various radio ...

*New7Wonders Cities

That list was reduced to 77, since there was a limit of one city per country. Then the 77 remaining cities were narrowed down ... "These 7 Cities Are The New 'Urban Wonders' Of The World". Business Insider. Retrieved 10 August 2016. "New7Wonders Cities". ... Weber's latest campaign to find the best cities in the world aimed to showcase the "cities that best represent the achievements ... New7Wonders Cities is the third in a series of Internet-based polls operated by the New7Wonders Foundation which is started by ...

*Haunted Cities

"Transplants Haunted Cities Chart History". Billboard 200. "haunted-cities , full Official Chart History , Official Charts ... Haunted Cities is the second studio album by the American punk rock/hip hop band Transplants. It was released on June 21, 2005 ... "Haunted Cities - Transplants". AllMusic. Retrieved October 26, 2017. Christgau, Robert. "Robert Christgau: CG: transplants". ... "lescharts.com - Transplants - Haunted Cities". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. "Transplants Gangsters & Thugs ...

*Waterfall Cities

... is an album by the British band Ozric Tentacles. It was released in 1999 on Stretchy Records. Like previous ... "allmusic ((( Waterfall Cities > Overview )))". www.allmusic.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. ... "Coily" (Ozric Tentacles) - 7:19 "Xingu" (Wynne, Seaweed, Geelani) - 7:27 "Waterfall City" (Wynne) - 11:03 "Ch'ai?" (Wynne, ... studio albums by the band, Waterfall Cities was recorded at guitarist Edward Wynne's home studio, The Mill, and features a ...

*Burning Cities

"Skids - Burning Cities". The Daily Mirror. 6 January 2018. Glen, Allan. "The Skids - Burning Cities". Retrieved 8 January 2018 ... "Skids Burning Cities Review". Retrieved 5 January 2018. Vera Mella, Alfie (8 January 2018). "Skids - Burning Cities (Album ... Staunton, Terry (December 2017). "Skids - Burning Cities". Uncut. Williams, Martin. "Review - Burning Cities is the Skids' ... Burning Cities is the fifth studio album by Scottish punk rock and new wave band Skids, released on 12 January 2018. Produced ...

*7 Cities

... is the fifth album by American blues rock band Moreland and Arbuckle, released in July 2013 Aaron Moreland - guitars ... "Moreland & Arbuckle - 7 Cities". AllMusic. Retrieved 17 October 2016. ANDREW GILSTRAP (September 10, 2013). "Moreland & ...

*Lost Cities

Lawson, Chris (1999-12-12). "Lost Cities, 4 Player". Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. "Lost Cities disappearance ... If Lost Cities had four expeditions instead of five, it could be played with a standard deck of playing cards. When doing so, ... Lost Cities is a 60-card card game, designed in 1999 by game designer Reiner Knizia and published by several publishers. The ... Lost Cities is a fast-moving game, with players playing or discarding, and then replacing, a single card each turn. Cards ...

*Three Cities

The Three Cities is a collective description of the three fortified cities of Birgu, Senglea and Cospicua in Malta. The oldest ... In the aftermath of the siege, the city of Valletta was built, and in 1571 the new city became the capital instead of Birgu. ... The Conspicuous City. During World War II, the Three Cities were heavily bombed by the Italians and Germans, and they were ... The cities were besieged during the Great Siege of Malta of 1565, and after the siege was lifted Birgu was given the title of ...

*Etruscan cities

... are those that shared a common Etruscan language and culture even though they were independent city-states. ... The table below lists Etruscan cities most often included in the Dodecapolis as well as other cities for which there is any ... Etruscan cities were autonomous states, but they were linked in the dodecapolis and had a federal sanctuary at the Fanum ... Some cities were founded by Etruscans in prehistoric times and bore entirely Etruscan names. Others, usually Italic, were ...

*Beach Cities

The three cities share public agencies including the Beach Cities Transit District (with El Segundo) and the Beach Cities ... Beach Cities is a nickname for a coastal area of Los Angeles County comprising Manhattan Beach, Hermosa Beach, and Redondo ... MacVean, Mary (July 11, 2015). "How three SoCal beach cities help clear the path for healthful choices". Los Angeles Times. ... p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7385-6905-5. Public Transportation City of Manhattan Beach, California. Retrieved December 27, 2017. ...

*Royal cities

The precise rights and duties of the citizens differed considerably from city to city. They depended on the status of the city ... It meant the city was an inalienable part of the royal estate; the king could not sell or pledge the city. At the beginning of ... The term royal city denotes a privilege that some cities in Bohemia and Moravia enjoyed during the Middle Ages. ... These cities had a duty of socage. Originally, this meant that each citizen had to work the kings land a certain number of days ...

*Cities Aviv

"Cities Aviv - Come to Life". Allmusic. Retrieved June 21, 2014. Cities Aviv on Bandcamp Cities Aviv discography at Discogs. ... "Cities Aviv biography". Allmusic. Retrieved June 21, 2014. Soderberg, Brandon (June 23, 2011). "Cities Aviv Digital Lows". ... Prior to his Cities Aviv, Mays was a lead singer of a Memphis-based hardcore punk band, Copwatch. During his involvement with ... Cities Aviv is known for his production style that blurs and obstructs genres. Originally releasing material with a psych ...

*Energy Cities

It represents 1000 towns and cities in 30 countries. From 2017 to 2020, Energy Cities is under the Presidency of the City of ... About Energy Cities. http://energy-cities.eu/-Association,8- Energy Cities Board of Directors. http://energy-cities.eu/-Board- ... 2005-2020 City of Heidelberg (DE), represented by Eckart Würzner, Deputy Mayor of Heidelberg 2000-2005 City of Odense (DK), ... Energy Cities is the European Association of local authorities in energy transition. ...

*Cities Alliance

The themes in question vary, but in years past, they have included "Know Your City" and "Youth and the City". The Cities ... "Cities Alliance Annual Report" (PDF). Cities Alliance. 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2015. "Cities Alliance Annual Report" (PDF ... "GOVERNANCE -- OLD". Cities Alliance. Retrieved 23 February 2015. Multiple (2007). "Cities Alliance Annual Report" (PDF). Cities ... Cities. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2005.10.002. Retrieved 19 February 2015. Labaeye, Adrien, and Thomas Sauer (July 2013). "City ...

*Mjøsa Cities

... (Norwegian Mjøsbyene) is the name of a metropolitan region around the lake Mjøsa in the counties of Oppland ( ... The largest of those cities is Hamar. 1/ km² 2/ Population per km². ...

*Shrinking cities

In cities like Detroit, there is no strong response to the deterioration of the city's core, primarily due to city planners' ... Today, city planners offer little guidance on how to shrink a city, even when granted funding to help mitigate shrinkage. City ... COST-Action: CIRES (Cities Regrowing Smaller) SCiRN™ (The Shrinking Cities International Research Network) Shrinking Cities. ... Nefs, M; Alves, S; Zasada, I; Haase, D (2013). "Shrinking cities as retirement cities? Opportunities for shrinking cities as ...

*Sin Cities

A second series, dubbed Sin Cities 2 was hosted by Ashley Hames in 2002. The third series, known as Sin Cities 3 was also ... Sin Cities is a British sexually-oriented travel television series. It originally broadcast on Bravo from 2000 to 2007. It has ... Smith and Hames co-hosted a spin-off series entitled Sin Cities Unleashed which consisted of edited highlights from the first ... The premise of the series sees the host traveling to cities around the world and exploring sexual entertainment options, ...

*Secret Cities

... is an independent rock band from North Dakota. Its founding members, Charles Gokey and Marie J. Parker, met at a ... As Secret Cities: Pink Graffiti LP (Western Vinyl 2010) Strange Hearts LP (Western Vinyl 2011) Walk Me Home LP (Western Vinyl ... The band changed its name to Secret Cities after signing to Western Vinyl Records in 2010 where they have since released three ... 2014) Secret Cities' official website Western Vinyl artist page. ...

*Paper Cities

... : An Anthology of Urban Fantasy is a 2008 speculative fiction anthology edited by Ekaterina Sedia. Paper Cities: An ... Paper Cities: An Anthology of Urban Fantasy at Senses Five Press. ... Paper Cities: An Anthology of Urban Fantasy". ISFDB. Retrieved 2010-03-21. "The Locus Index to SF Awards: 2009 World Fantasy ... A Tale of the City Imperishable", short story by Jay Lake "Ghost Market", short story by Greg van Eekhout "Sammarynda Deep", ...

*Good Cities

If considered a Good City, the city was allowed to build a city wall; partake in the States of Liège; and erect a perron ... Two other major cities of the Prince-Bishopric had a special statute, which differentiated them from the Good Cities as they ... The Good Cities (French: Bonnes Villes) were the most important cities of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (980-1795). ... In 1651 the Good Cities numbered 23,[citation needed] and they were grouped in so-called villes thioises (Low Dietsch cities, ...

*CCTV Cities

Each episode featured a British town or city. Leeds (Halton Moor and Leeds city centre), Wigan, Edinburgh and London were all ... CCTV Cities is a 2008 British television documentary programme, produced and presented by journalist Donal MacIntyre. ... primetime.unrealitytv.co.uk/cctv-cities-coming-to-five/. ...

*Eco-cities

An eco-city is a city built from the principles of living within environment means. The ultimate goal of many eco-cities is to ... Caprotti, F. (2014) 'Critical research on eco-cities? A walk through the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City'. Cities 36: 10-36. ... and environmental qualities that an eco-city should satisfy. The ideal "eco-city" has been described as a city that fulfils the ... The city was designed for the mobility of people, not the mobility of cars. The city's bus system is highly developed, with ...

*Cherven Cities

In English texts these often literally translated as Red Cities/Red Towns. Originally, the name "Cherven Cities" probably ... "stretching from the city of Prague to the city of Kraków".[non-primary source needed] At one point in the 970s, Mieszko I of ... In the turn of 10th and 11th century the territory of Cherven Cities or Cherven Towns Ukrainian: Червенські городи, Polish: ... Nestor reports in his chronicle that: "Vladimir marched upon the Lyakhs (k Lyakbotri) and took their cities: Peremyshl (modern ...

*Tiny Cities

... at AllMusic Billboard Review Pitchfork Media review Rolling Stone review "Sun Kil Moon "Tiny Cities" review". ... Tiny Cities is the second studio album by American indie folk act Sun Kil Moon, released November 1, 2005 on Caldo Verde ... He thanked me for making Tiny Cities, and that made my day!". All songs written by Isaac Brock, Eric Judy, and Jeremiah Green, ... "Exit Does Not Exist" (from This Is a Long Drive for Someone with Nothing to Think About, 1996) - 1:24 "Tiny Cities Made of ...
MLib Jobs Vacancies in Other City(s) in Nagaland, Apply Online to Live 4 MLib Jobs openings in Other City(s) in Nagaland. FreshersLive is the one stop place for MLib Jobs notification across various industries and sectors in Other City(s) in Nagaland.
Source: UN-HABITAT 2008. Data from UN Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects 2007. Figures for 2025 are projections. Note: Population figures are for urban agglomeration, not city proper. Megacities are cities with populations of more than 10 million.. By 2030, about 450 million people may be living in megacities. That will represent only 5-6 percent of the projected global population of about 8 billion. Many of those people will be very poor, and some will be very rich. In any case, the megacities, as centers of finance, governance, manufacturing, commerce, and culture will be powerful forces of change in the world, either for good or ill, or both.. Characteristics of megacities and the threats and opportunities that may arise from them have been noted by many authors. Energy use in cities can be more efficient, due to higher population densities, but higher population densities along with weaknesses in freshwater, food, and energy availability and waste treatment processes can ...
Sometime in the first century A.D., Romes population passed 1 million. It took more than 18 centuries for a city to surpass the 10 million mark, which both New York City and Tokyo did by 1950. Just six decades later, the world now has about 20 such "megacities" with populations of 10 million or more, including the largest, Tokyo, with a population of 35 million.. ...
Andersson, E. 2006. Urban landscapes and sustainable cities. Ecology and Society 11(1): 34. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-01639-110134
Residents of the states bigger cities can feel safe. Thats according to an analysis that ranks Milwaukee as the only Wisconsin city among the nations top 100 dangerous cities.
Yellow Cabs operate in Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Toronto and other major North American cities. From 1920 to 1925, the Yellow Cab Company of Chicago manufactured its own cars. The...
According to U.S. Census data released last month, 0.6 percent of households nationwide were headed by same-sex couples in 2012. Maine overall was above the national average, with 0.9 percent of households led by same-sex partners.. The Huffington Post analyzed a different set of census data for urban centers around the country and posted a list of the top 10 cities with the highest percentage of same-sex households in 2012. The actual census data on Portland and other cities was not available Tuesday because the website containing the agencys databases was unavailable due to the federal government shutdown.. According to the Huffington Post analysis, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., had the highest concentration of same-sex-partner households at 2.8 percent. Seattle, Wash., San Francisco, Calif., Minneapolis, Minn., and Portland, Maine, were the other cities in the top five.. ...
The deployment of Chrysler plug-in hybrid Town & Country minivans is part of a larger project deploying not only the PHEV minivans, but PHEV Ram 1500 pickups, in cities around the country, to collect usage data for further product development.
Let DentalBy allow you to look for essentially the most appropriate Orthodontist in Felchta (Thuringia) even though you keep in Felchta. Our wide Clinics catalog is getting bigger just about daily thanks to people like you.
I wanted to send you a quick note to tell you what an absolute pleasure it is to work with you and how much we appreciate the professionalism and friendliness with which you work with us. We have so often had little engagement from the planning departments of congress centers in other cities where we have met. Your knowledge and willingness to assist us and provide recommendations and respond quickly are spoiling us for other cities! You are a real attribute to the Acropolis and to Nice, and I will speak my strongest support for Nice when the Board considers venues for future meetings. I am confident that, in your hands, our April meeting with be a resounding success, and I am really looking forward to it.. With warmest regards,. Amanda ...
Let DentalBy allow you to look for the most appropriate Orthodontist in Brüssow even though you keep in Brüssow. Our wide Dental Hospitals catalog is getting bigger just about every single day thanks to persons like you.
Hotel Raba City Center at Pannonia (area): Find the best deals with user reviews, photos, and discount rates for Hotel Raba City Center at Orbitz. Get our lowest rates or cash back. And, pay no Orbitz hotel change or cancel fees.
This paper provides the first estimate of energy and material flows in the worlds 27 megacities (cities with over 10 million inhabitants). These megacities are home to 6.7 per cent of the worlds population, but consume 9.3 per cent of global electricity and produce 12.6 per cent of global waste. The authors establish statistical relations for energy use, transport, water use, waste and so forth and factors such as average temperature, urban form, level and type of economic activity, and population growth. This allows the researchers to evaluate which cities have high versus low levels of consumption and which ones make efficient use of resources. ...
DNA tests on the skeleton of a woman that was discovered on a city centre building site have been unable to identify her. A murder probe was launched after the remains were found wrapped in a carpet at a car park opposite the CIS Tower on Miller Street.
Dentists in Glasgow City Centre are professional physicians who deal with oral health and conditions. Their duties range from general dental...
Priority Placements is a leading recruitment agency based in Dublin city centre, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, and Clonee, Co. Meath specialising in Accountancy, Financial Services, IT, HR, Business Support, Construction, Engineering, Marketing, & Sales.
Inside the weekend-long RAW POP UP / LAB at Miamis Brickell City Centre, which brought together art, music, performance and more into one setting.
Philadelphia is the nations most obese and most diabetic big city, which is why its undertaking wide-ranging efforts to get people to eat healthier.
Leith is the port and waterfront of the city of Edinburgh, and like many similar areas in other cities it has undergone major redevelopment in recent years. The landscape has a strong industrial and historical feel, but dramatic regeneration has seen office blocks, shopping complexes and luxury flats radically change the skyline. For me, this contrast makes it a fascinating place to wander and observe - a landscape of constant change, with diverse architectural styles and building types alongside open areas of land in transition.. This series of photographs, taken between 2010 and 2013, aims to explore the effects of these rapid changes on the landscape of Leith.. It wasnt a body of work that was pre-conceived. I initially visited Leith as part of my Out of the Ordinary project, quite early on. I spent a morning there just wandering and was really taken by the diversity of interest. It struck me that there was a slightly different story, or subject, to capture here - a landscape in constant ...
In L.A. and other cities, inequities persist not just in the ability to get around, but in access to parks and open spaces that are conducive to outdoor ...
And Match continues to show the strength of our portfolio approach. Just look at the past few months. If youre in New York, LA, or any number of other cities, all you hear about is our newest product, Tinder, with rapid user growth domestically and growing momentum internationally. But the success of Tinder isnt cannibalizing Match. During the same period Tinder has been thriving, our Core business growth is accelerating. And a similar dynamics been playing out with OkCupid over the last stretch of years. From year end 2009 through the end of Q2 2013, OkCupid increased its monthly active users by 250% (from an already significant base), while during the same period, Match increased core subscribers by a very healthy 60%. Services like Tinder and OkCupid acclimate new groups of people to meeting online. That meaningfully expands the market. And once people have used technology to meet other people, no matter what the service was they initially used, a barriers been broken and theyre more ...
In more than 60 years reporting on public school districts here and in other cities, Ive often found students to be useful evaluators of their...
I booked my flight to NY in May. I am so incredibly excited. Ive always wanted to visit and well be there for a week. Lots of time to explore. Hoping to be able to visit some other places while there. Seattle is on my list of other cities I am dying to go. My…
In my opinion, theres far too many cities in the other cities part that someone has put in the cities section. Most of these dont actually have pages, and its far too confusing! It serves no purpose just to have a list with no description in a travel guide!
In my opinion, theres far too many cities in the other cities part that someone has put in the cities section. Most of these dont actually have pages, and its far too confusing! It serves no purpose just to have a list with no description in a travel guide!
Information abt various accessory shops in various cities, this will help tbhpians to meet their requirements. I will give details of shops in hyderabad, so people just follow up in other cities.
I have the zip code data saved in the database for all areas in the US (some 80,000 records). Once a user specifies a city (or zip code) our site needs to show 5-10 other cities within 20 mile...
I would put vendors (VP / JP / PVP) in all cities and portals you find in SW and Org in the other cities as well. I miss Ironforge :(
Dr. Norbert Reithofer, CEO of BMW, discusses the concept behind the new BMW i3 electric city car, set to go on sale in November, with prices starting from £25,680.
Leeds is a major city in the UK and as such is a magnet for shoppers from the surrounding region. Around 1.7 to 1.9 million people are in the catchment area as shoppers in Leeds city centre. Consequently retail is an important business for Leeds. John Temperley Senior Lecturer in Marketing in the Business School and a retail specialist, explains the choices that face consumers and what their preferences are, based on research by students sponsored by Leeds city centre management. The results ar ...
Blood and Concrete: 21st Century Conflict in Urban Centers and Megacities provides a foundation for understanding urban operations and sustaining urban warfare research. This Small Wars Journal (SWJ) Anthology documents over a decade of writings on urban conflict. In addition to essays originally pu
Hipsters may just be discovering the joys of backyard chickens, but in African megacities, people have been bringing their animals into the slums with them for decades. Thats creating a new ecosystem of animals and huge numbers of people living closely together like never before.
[19:44] |+ColinPunk| My name is Colin Kyle, Im the lead writer and designer of Axon Punk: Overdrive, which is live on Kickstarter right now (Link: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1877971196/axon-punk-overdrive-0)https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1877971196/axon-punk-overdrive-0 [19:45] |+ColinPunk| The game is a combination of classic cyberpunk and hip hop. Play feels like Cowboy Bebop and Samurai Champloo, but set in the megacities of 2085. [19:46]…
This case study explores the evaluation of a large multi-city initiative that sought to make contraceptives available to sexually active youth to reduce pregnancy and sexually-transmitted diseases. The evaluation design included within-site and cross-site analysis and featured multiple data collection strategies, including a baseline and follow-up survey, a heavy emphasis on qualitative research, and review of administrative data. This case explores the challenges of evaluating a politically charged initiative, with many expectations on the part of many stakeholders.
saturday 4th october digital fringe invites a selection of melbourne pixel throwers to ambush a projection walk through the urban landscape
saturday 4th october digital fringe invites a selection of melbourne pixel throwers to ambush a projection walk through the urban landscape
How fast could a virus spread from one part of the world to another? Nearly all of the worlds major cities are less than 24 hours apart by air. Thus, it is possible that an outbreak in any of these cities could be spread within a day by infected passengers. ...
Using the incredibly helpful Map of the Dead zombie survival map, we determine how to survive in the metropolitan cities of the United States.
What is the oblique effect? Some say that humans living in large cities are experiencing a form of selective rearing in that we don t encounter many oblique lines in our environment. Briefly describe the experiment discussed in class which was designed to examine this question. What conclusions were made from this experiment ...
J&K Chemicals Ltd. providesHeterocyclic Building Blocksregents.To searchHeterocyclic Building BlocksPrice Info,Beijing, Shanghai and other major cities offer prompt goods, online order, bulk package.custom synthesis service and MSDS/COA/SPEC information.Heterocyclic Building BlocksJ&K is professional manufacturer of high-end reagents.
We found that many of the fastest growing major cities and farmland in the United States are currently in the western arid lands incapable of supporting them,
May have another dog coming in and already have one who needs foster too. This will make FOUR cavaliers at the moment... I badly, badly need city centre or suburb fosters... the same one or two people are ending up with dog after dog which isnt fair on them. I will have to start kennelling instead which is not great for fosters. :( Please if you know people who might like to foster, or are considering this yourself, I am happy to explain more so you can see if this is right for you. Normally
Just imagine moving from a big city to working on a remote cattle station, where the flies are thick, the heat is hot and you can count the number of people you see on your left hand.
A 15 minute stroll from the city centre along the pedestrian tow path, those who take time to have a look will come across a new quarter of Bath that has not only opened up a site that had been left untouched for over 20 years, but a place where people now live, relax and work ...
Thank you for considering the Hilton Garden Inn, Aberdeen City Centre. We are pleased to give you some information about our hotel that you may find useful when planning your visit. Arriving at the hotel
Perfectly situated in the city centre, ABode Canterbury combines tradition and quality throughout the hotel; in all our luxurious bedrooms, exciting dining locations and private function suites.
Perfectly situated in the city centre, ABode Canterbury combines tradition and quality throughout the hotel; in all our luxurious bedrooms, exciting dining locations and private function suites.
This report is a first-of-its-kind, data-driven index that measures and ranks the performance of 352 U.S. metropolitan areas in promoting and enabling successful aging. Unlike many best places to retire lists, the Milken Institute starts from the insight that most Americans want to age at home and in place, and not uproot themselves from their communities. In effect, the Best Cities for Successful Aging Index is an x-ray that reveals how well U.S. cities are providing the infrastructure, amenities, and opportunities both to serve and benefit from the countrys fastest-growing age segment.
THREE FAMILIES in Ellicott City are struggling to care for their seriously ill children. A generation ago, no one could have imagined the problems they face -- not just with medical treatment, but
Increasingly citizen-centric, todays smart cities are deploying technology to find solutions to modern problems. Watch Grant Thorntons video to learn how.
Ever dreamt of kicking back, letting go of the wheel and reading the paper on the commute to work? In large cities, that could soon be a reality, say auto ma...
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Bangladesh is a developing country with a very high population density. The country has 160 million populations with a small area of only 147, 570 km . Currently, the population density is around 1200 persons per km 2 which is 50 times higher than the global average density of population, 3 times that of our neighbor India, 7 times that of China and 35 times that of the United States of America. The density in urban areas, particularly within Dhaka Megacity remains very high. The average density within the 1500 km 2 DMC region was over 10,000 persons per km 2 2 . in 2011 Census. However, within the urban built up area the density mostly varied from 20,000 to 75,000 persons per km . In some parts of the city, mostly at the older part, the density was found as high as over 200,000 inhabitants per km 2 2 . This thesis mainly deals with the population dynamics of Dhaka Megacity (DMC), more particularly the distribution and variation of population density and growth within the DMC region in recent ...
A stroll through many American urban landscapes confirms that music is as much a political phenomenon as a sonic one. A walker realizes this without ever hearing a note. While not as large as the giant stadiums that dominate many a citys riverfront or harbor side, symphony halls and opera houses often occupy acres of honor near the temples of city government or the towers financial power-or both. In San Francisco, the hulking, de-ornamented Beaux-Arts façade of War Memorial Opera House stands opposite the Roman splendor of the Civic Centers Michelangeline dome, like a Parisian dandy and an Italian pope eyeing one another from the far ends of an empty dance floor. The intervening street (Van Ness Avenue) and plaza may provide space for human activity, but their lowliness only augments the entwined majesty of high culture and governmental power.. Elsewhere, from Seattles Benaroya Hall to the billion Dallas Center for the Performing Arts, giant projects get plunked in downtowns, long-ago places ...
The hands-on work of collecting trash, plowing streets and plugging broken waterlines is about to get a high-tech assist.. Beginning next month, new GPS units will be installed on dozens of trucks and other pieces of equipment owned and operated by the city of Lawrence for basic municipal services: collecting and disposing of solid waste, repairing and clearing public streets, and replacing and unplugging the separate pipes that carry water and sewage.. The intent: Work faster, plan better and, perhaps, spend less doing it.. "Were using technology to better, more efficiently deploy our resources," said David Corliss, city manager. "Thats increasingly important when we have limited resources.". Lawrence city commissioners voted Tuesday to spend $50,199 on the system for 2011. The total includes buying actual GPS units - 35 for trash trucks, 32 for utilities vehicles and 26 for street division trucks and equipment - and a years worth of monitoring service through Networkfleet Inc., based in San ...
Air pollution affects lakhs of people every year. Despite this, our cities, which report dangerously high levels of air pollutants, lack a comprehensive plan to combat it.
This two-part project will evaluate a community-based demonstration to educate beneficiaries in Los Angeles, New York City, and Philadelphia, and conduct nationwide assessments of other education programs. Recommendations on best practices will help guide states and lead to better use of the managed care system by Medicaid beneficiaries.. ...
A new study from the Universities of Leeds and York warns of the risks posed by the increasing air pollution over the cities of West Africa - amid fears it could have an impact on human health, meteorology and regional climate.
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I am doing a research topic about landscape ecology in the UK. I just started to do the proposal3but it has made me confused. I am trying to find some methods and tools of landscape ecology being applied in post industrial areas . I think in the UK urban parks3greenways and domestic gardens are quiet common methods for improving ecology I still want to know others opinons about that ! What do you think about landscape ecology? Which kind of ecological activities involved do you think
Could 301 redirects be negatively impacting your site? The Art of Doing Less; Why discoveries made by ice-penetrating lasers in the Totten Glacier worry scientists - Is Musk right about Middle Earth gamers? Airbnb opens up a complaint center for neighbors to report problem guests; In 5 years, the average American will use 22GB of mobile data per month; Millennials cant get anything done at work because theyre wasting time on social and.. 4 Companies Doing Email Marketing Right ...
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From such observation, one can glean from such experience that not only riparian, but even several other plant community ecosystems can become establish anew when these cyclical wetter periods emerge. Although with climate change it is doubtful that such periods will reveal themselves any longer. Still, much can be learned and practical application be created artificially in an urban landscape setting, or habitat restoration project, or with simple home gardening projects. During such unique wetter periods, plants are babied and nurtured during these times of plenty, then gradually the system tapers off in its generous abundance and allows the earlier established plants to fend for themselves. The stronger plants/trees with the deeper root systems will become the winners, while the weaker ones fail and naturally thin out as the natural program demands. I have used this technique in replication, not only in urban landscape establishment, but in remote habitat restoration and it does indeed prove ...
Movement ecologists study the movement and foraging efficiency of animals, which has important applications in a variety of fields, including animal conservation and disease management. Urban animals in particular are important to study because they live in close proximity to humans, where violent encounters could occur, or they could potentially spread disease. Recently, simulations have been used to study animal movement by modeling animals as random walkers on landscapes with tunable Show moreMovement ecologists study the movement and foraging efficiency of animals, which has important applications in a variety of fields, including animal conservation and disease management. Urban animals in particular are important to study because they live in close proximity to humans, where violent encounters could occur, or they could potentially spread disease. Recently, simulations have been used to study animal movement by modeling animals as random walkers on landscapes with tunable parameters. This ...
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Donostia/San Sebastian is a coastal medium-size city located in northern Spain, 20km from the border with France. It stands as an amphitheatre over-looking the sea. It is known the world over for its spectacular bay and is referred to as the Pearl of the Cantabrian Sea. It is also internationally renowned for being a culinary haven where visitors will find more Michelin stars per square meter than in any other city in the world. The conference will take place at the Kursaal Convention Center and Auditorium. Kursaal is located in the city center, overlooking the seafront. This avant-garde architectural showpiece was designed by Rafael Moneo and won the Mies van der Rohe prize for the best building in Europe in 2001. The main hotels, restaurants and shopping areas are within walking distance ...
This is huge! Congratulations to everyone who fosters and participates in our bike culture. I am so proud of our community! Weve set a precedent that other American cities could follow. This caliber of national press helps to show leaders and citizens in other communities what is possible when conditions are right, when people get inspired and commit. Life is just so good by bike. The front page of The Times is a pretty darned good way to spread the word! Lets all take a moment to step back and realize how far weve come, how progressive and promising a place this is. Whenever I muse about moving elsewhere, I remember that there is no other place like Portland, that the bike-friendly life that I lead here results in a quality of experience that I couldnt find anywhere else in the U.S. Not until some other cities catch up with us, that is. But something tells me we\re laps ahead…!. Recommended ...
Book the Shanghai Marriott Hotel City Centre - Located in Downtown Shanghai, this luxury hotel is within a 15-minute walk of Nanjing Road Shopping District and Peoples Square. The Bund and Shanghai Disneyland© are also within 25 mi (40 km).
The program, A Conversation on Community Health, began in Philadelphia in September, with The Atlantic magazine acting as host and GSK underwriting it. According to the St. Louis Regional Health Commission, about 31% of adults in the city are obese, while the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America ranks the city among the 10 most challenging places to live with asthma, though the health commission estimates that 11.4% children there have been diagnosed with it.. At GSK, were always asking ourselves what we can do to be a better partner in the communities in which we serve patients to ensure that they have the resources and opportunities they need to live healthier lives, GSK president for North America Pharmaceuticals Deirdre Connelly said. While there are many innovative and effective local community programs doing great work across St. Louis and in other cities across the United States, we believe its possible to work together even more effectively to drive greater collective ...
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Three naturally and six mechanically ventilated microenvironments (MEs) of a mix-use commercial building in Delhi are used to study indoor-outdoor (I/O) relationships of particulate matter ≤10 μm (PM1
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About 30% of people who received support from specialist homelessness agencies between January and March 2012, presented in families, and the most common type of family group to receive support were single people with children, according to a report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).. The next most common family group to receive homelessness support was couples with children.. The report, Specialist Homelessness Services Collection: March quarter 2012, shows that the average size of all family groups receiving assistance was 3.1 people.. The report also found that women are more likely than men to receive assistance for homelessness, and this proportion rises with increased remoteness. For example, 57% of clients were female in Major cities, compared with 82% in Very remote areas, said AIHW spokesperson Mr Geoff Neideck.. There was also an over-representation of Indigenous people, especially outside of major cities―while 14% of clients in Major cities ...
An initial appraisal suggests the purchase value of the property should be in the ballpark of $6.25 million, with the developer responsible for all demolition of existing structures. The revenue received from the sale of the property will go toward redeeming associated bonds or be applied to other City capital projects.. Other elements of the agreement include a commitment from the developer to "facilitate negotiations to enable the GTCTC to obtain a long-term room block agreement for at least 250 rooms with the hotel operator," and provisions that could allow the City to commit to purchasing public parking. The room block provision is important to the Convention Center, as they dont have that deal with any of the existing hotels in Tacoma. Its not an guarantee yet, because the developer doesnt want to make an absolute commitment before they have identified an operator for the hotel. The City will get to approve the hotel operator that will undertake the initial five years of operations, but ...
For the last half century, weve built auto-dependent urban and suburban regions: the Age of Motordom. As we move into the post-Motordom era - an age of transportation choices - it helps to look back to an earlier period when we built our cities around streetcars. Shaped profoundly by the streetcar and trolley, Vancouver rejected freeways and pioneered a form of development that is being adopted around the world. This presentation will illustrate Vancouvers rail-based growth, compare it with other cities, and speculate on the impacts that increased transportation choices will have on cities and regions.. Closed captioning services will be provided. ...
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The 15M is very alive, we see this in the great challenges that await it. It has many achievements, some very visible, like the creation of a different social climate or having socialized the idea that the crisis is a con, and that this con started well before the crisis. A year later it has been made clear that the governing are part of the problem: they havent been able to make even one minimal reform to facilitate participation nor to prosecute corruption. Faced with this blockage in the system, we would like to focus on some elements that might be important to think strategically.. Well start from what is closest, our local and daily situations. For a metropolis like Madrid, we suppose in other cities as well, the 15M has meant various things. With the 15M a social composition emerged that does not feel represented and that was dispersed, which resulted in political impotence. Madrids PP [Popular Party] has consolidated itself in the last 15 years, creating a city that is very competitive ...
If or when this world falls, it will not be because of gays and abortions, thats almost entirely certain now. I mean this is the 21st century and all. On the contrary, studies show that ever since abortion was legalised in US in the seventies, fewer kids were doomed to grow up with uneducated, poor, single mothers living in tough neighbourhoods surrounded by all sorts of crime, and the effect that had on crime statistics in the 90s alone is quite an eyeopener. A whole generation of criminals disappeared from the streets of NY and other cities and states where abortion was made legal about 18-20 years earlier. (source: «Freakonomics», everyone should read it ...
3:30PM. Beermongers is a bottle shop that has a wide variety of beers at a very reasonable price. The owners of this bottle shop take great pride in educating the public on brews. Weekly event are held here featuring various breweries. Like Belmont, its a great place to sip on a beer and peruse the collection.. http://www.thebeermongers.com/. 4:15 New Old Lompoc. 1616 NW 23rd St.. This area is full of breweries. Did you know that Portland has the most breweries per capita than any other city? New Old Lompoc has several locations in the city including their tasting room, Sidebar which serves up barrell aged goodness. This location is in a beautiful neighborhood and has a very relaxing atmosphere. Grab a Centennial IPA or C-Note Imperial Pale Ale and enjoy the summer breeze on the back deck!. http://www.newoldlompoc.com/lompoc_home.html. 5:00 Laurelwood. 2327 NW Kearney St.. Laurelwood Public House- I like that. It sounds straight out of the Wild West. Located in a house, you walk onto the porch ...
Flint is in the news, but lead poisoning is even worse in Cleveland, By Michael Wines, March 3, 2016, New York Times: "One hundred fifty miles northwest of here, the residents of Flint, Mich., are still reeling from the drinking water debacle that more than doubled the share of children with elevated levels of lead in their blood - to a peak, in mid-2014, of 7 percent of all children tested. Clevelanders can only sympathize. The comparable number here is 14.2 percent. The poisoning of Flints children outraged the nation. But too much lead in childrens blood has long been an everyday fact in Cleveland and scores of other cities - not because of bungled decisions about drinking water, but largely because a decades-long attack on lead in household paint has faltered. It is a tragic reminder that one of the great public health crusades of the 20th century remains unfinished…". ...
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In March, 1,400 members of People Acting for Community Together (PACT) asked officials to select one of three gun-violence reduction programs. These programs - Group Violence Intervention, Cure Violence, and the Office of Neighborhood Safety - have proven effective in other cities.
But women werent allowed to be teachers and unmarried women were not supposed to go out by themselves - even to serve others. Nuns were the best educated women but they werent allowed to leave their cloisters. There were no teaching orders of sisters like we have today. These girls werent being helped by the old ways, so Angela invented a new way. She brought together a group of unmarried women, fellow Franciscan tertiaries and other friends, who went out into the streets to gather up the girls they saw and teach them. These women had little money and no power, but were bound together by their dedication to education and commitment to Christ. Living in their own homes, they met for prayer and classes. They were so successful in their service that Angela was asked to bring her innovative approach to education to other cities, and impressed many people, including the Pope. Though she turned him down, perhaps the Popes request gave her the inspiration or the push to make her little group more ...
Which gets me back to the paper above. First, caveats. The original paper was met with a lot of skepticism. Some of it is probably warranted as the flavor of Political Correctness is pretty transparent in the authors text and statements from what I can see. Nevertheless, the beauty of science is the judgement of reality. Review the results yourself. One Brazilian commenter noted that they used one population in one village, but the individual didnt bother to read the original paper where they used some control groups in other cities to double-check their finding. Though I believe that the results need to be viewed as only part of the picture (e.g., I suspect there are plenty of unadmixed Europeans in the far south of Brazil, and nearly pure Africans in places like Bahia), I think they do capture some of the reality of racial admixture in that nation. The basic results were that though self-identified and researcher identified blacks, browns (in the sense of being mixed race) and whites did ...
The Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality was designed to broaden the understanding of how changing labor market dynamics, racial attitudes and stereotypes, and racial residential segregation act singly and in concert to foster contemporary urban inequality. This data collection comprises data for two surveys: a survey of households and a survey of employers. Multistage area probability sampling of adult residents took place in four metropolitan areas: Atlanta (April 1992-September 1992), Boston (May 1993-November 1994), Detroit (April-September 1992), and Los Angeles (September 1993-August 1994). The combined four-city data file in Part 1 contains data on survey questions that were asked in households in at least two of the four survey cities. Questions on labor market dynamics included industry, hours worked per week, length of time on job, earnings before taxes, size of employer, benefits provided, instances of harassment and discrimination, and searching for work within particular areas of ...
Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Centre for Air Quality and Health Research and Evaluation (CAR) Review of the health impacts of emission sources, types and levels of particulate matter air pollution
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Photo Credit: Eli (Cigarettes Might Kill You). Before working in miniatures, Smith had a career as both a stencil artist and a gallerist. His 17-year-career includes a stint founding and running Espionage Gallery for four years in Adelaide, South Australia. Since his career took a new direction in miniatures a couple years ago, hes shown work in New York, Paris, Berlin, London, and major cities in his native Australia. Throughout his entire career, hes taken part in more than 100 exhibitions.. ...
Key links: NEW: Follow-up to the Habitat III - disability in urban development: Cities 2030 - Cities for All: Implementing the New Urban Agenda Outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III): New Urban Agenda UN DESA/DSPD - Ecuador High-Level Forum on Disability Inclusion and Accessible Urban Development, 16 October 2016, Quito, Ecuador. Good Practices of Accessible Urban Development (Word Version, 65MB; PDF Version, 3MB) Info-graphic on Disability and Accessible Urban Development HABITAT III: Revised Zero Draft of the New Urban Agenda - 10 September 2016 UN Habitat III website Forum on Ways forward Towards a Disability Inclusive and Accessible New Urban Agenda (New York, 14 June, 2016) [Flyer] [Concept note] [Programme] [CART Transcripts] Briefing Note on Disability and Sustainable Urban Development Urban Dialogue on the Zero Draft of the New Urban Agenda Accessible urban development includes everyone Key milestones leading to the UN Habitat
The warm months are a great time to get outside and enjoy the fresh air and sunshine. But as the temperatures rise, it is important to brush-up on understandings and tips to prevent heat-related illnesses. Experts agree that, generally speaking, heat-related illnesses can strike anyone of any age. However, the elderly, those on certain medications, and children under 4 are at an even greater risk.. Dr. Ninas What You Need To Know About Heat-Related Illnesses. What are heat cramps?. The mildest form of heat illness where the muscles in our calves, arms, and abdomen spasm/cramp due to profuse sweating. This results in the loss of sodium, potassium, and magnesium as well as water. The cramps are painful and involuntary. If you experience this, it is important to retreat to a shady or cool area, drink water or other cool beverages, and rest several hours before exertion. What is heat exhaustion?. If left untreated, heat cramps can progress to heat exhaustion. This is a condition where we experience ...
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous pollutants in urban atmospheres. Several PAHs are known carcinogens or are the precursors to carcinogenic daughter compounds. Understanding the contributions of the various emission sources is critical to appropriately managing PAH levels in the environment. The sources of PAHs to ambient air in Baltimore, MD, were determined by using three source apportionment methods, principal component analysis with multiple linear regression, UNMIX, and positive matrix factorization. Determining the source apportionment through multiple techniques mitigates weaknesses in individual methods and strengthens the overlapping conclusions. Overall source contributions compare well among methods. Vehicles, both diesel and gasoline, contribute on average 16-26%, coal 28-36%, oil 15-23%, and wood/other having the greatest disparity of 23-35% of the total (gas- plus particle-phase) PAHs. Seasonal trends were found for both coal and oil. Coal was the dominate PAH source
Traffic related particulate matter air pollution is a risk factor for cardiovascular events; however, the biological mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesize that diesel exhaust (DE) inhalation induces up-regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which is known to contribute to vascular dysfunction, progression of atherosclerosis and ultimately cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Methods: ApoE knockout mice (30-week) were exposed to DE (at 200 {mu}g/m{sup 3} of particulate matter) or filtered-air (control) for 7 weeks (6 h/day, 5 days/week). iNOS expression in the blood vessels and heart was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blotting analysis. To examine iNOS activity, thoracic aortae were mounted in a wire myograph, and vasoconstriction stimulated by phenylephrine (PE) was measured with and without the presence of the specific inhibitor for iNOS (1400 W). NF-{kappa}B (p65) activity was examined by ELISA. The mRNA expression of iNOS and NF-{kappa}B (p65) was determined ...

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Kansas City ZooKansas City Zoo

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more infohttps://www.kansascityzoo.org/

Calhoun | New Georgia EncyclopediaCalhoun | New Georgia Encyclopedia

The city was incorporated by the state legislature in 1852.. Cherokee Indians had populated the area that became Calhoun before ... Within the city, foothills of those mountains form Boulevard Heights and Mount Alto. As Ernest Neal, a Calhoun resident and ... According to the Georgia Department of Education, the citys school population Mohawk Industries ... Ratner Foundation support the arts center and provide many other amenities for the city and surrounding area. ...
more infohttp://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/counties-cities-neighborhoods/calhoun

Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing - Hunter CollegeHunter-Bellevue School of Nursing - Hunter College

This flagship nursing school of the City University of New York prepares nurses for 21st Century practice in complex urban ...
more infohttp://www.hunter.cuny.edu/nursing/

LA SanitationLA Sanitation

LASAN is responsible for the collection and removal of solid materials and waste in the City of Los Angeles. The City collects ... The Citys transition to recycLA is almost complete! If your business or multi-family home has not yet had a waste assessment, ... including Los Angeles and 29 contracting cities and agencies. Los Angeles more than 6,700 miles of public sewers convey about ...
more infohttps://www.lacitysan.org/san/faces/home

Touro College School Of Public HealthTouro College School Of Public Health

Find info about Touro College school of public health, registering in a technical degree program, and taking free practice tests online.
more infohttp://www.schoolofpublichealth.net/Touro-College-school-of-public-health.php

Midwestern State University health science programMidwestern State University health science program

Info concerning Midwestern State University health science program. Seek out nationally-accredited nursing programs for the best training. Given a brief hospital internship or prior work experience, you can expect a great return on your education.
more infohttp://www.healthscienceprogram.net/Midwestern-State-University-health-science-program.php

San Francisco City College paleontology classes onlineSan Francisco City College paleontology classes online

Find information about San Francisco City College paleontology classes online. You can enter nursing with either an associates ... San Francisco City College paleontology classes online contact info. 50 Phelan Ave. San Francisco, CA 94112. ... San Francisco City College has a reputation for academics, allowing you to pursue the degree program thats right for you. ... San Francisco City College applications may be submitted by using the contact form at the top of this page. It may be possible ...
more infohttp://www.sanfranciscocitycollege.net/San-Francisco-City-College-paleontology-classes-online.php

CitiesCities

from series Cities - 7 094 faces of Paris, combined technique on canvas, 145x210 cm, 2014 ... from series Lost Cities - Cairo/Madrid, combined technique on canvas, 110x110 cm, 2016 - detail ... from series Lost Cities - Cairo/Jerusalem, combined technique on canvas, 110x110 cm, 2016 - detail ... from series Lost Cities - Cairo/Madrid, combined technique on canvas, 110x110 cm, 2016 ...
more infohttps://sites.google.com/view/kasalova/works-on-canvas/cities

Carfree CitiesCarfree Cities

A discussion forum for those interested in the carfree cities concept. Includes discussion of related transport and energy ...
more infohttps://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/carfree_cities/conversations/topics/12059?xm=1&m=e&l=1

LSE CitiesLSE Cities

... is an international centre at the LSE that carries out research, graduate and executive education and outreach ... LSE Cities LSECities. Didnt get the February LSE Cities newsletter to your inbox? Read it online here: ow.ly/Buf150ykhLM https ... LSE Cities at 10. 2019 marks not only the end of a decade, but also the end of LSE Citiess first 10 years in operation. ... Executive MSc in Cities For urban professionals who want to understand and deliver change in cities. ...
more infohttp://www.lse.ac.uk/cities?page_id=1110

LSE CitiesLSE Cities

... is an international centre at the LSE that carries out research, graduate and executive education and outreach ... LSE Cities LSECities. Didnt get the February LSE Cities newsletter to your inbox? Read it online here: ow.ly/Buf150ykhLM https ... LSE Cities at 10. 2019 marks not only the end of a decade, but also the end of LSE Citiess first 10 years in operation. ... Executive MSc in Cities For urban professionals who want to understand and deliver change in cities. ...
more infohttp://www.lse.ac.uk/cities?page_id=595

Orchestra CitiesOrchestra Cities

Agile Smart Cities annual Connected Smart Cities & Communities Conference 2020 on 23 January… ... Presentation given by Monique Calisti, Martel Innovate, at Open & Agile Smart Cities annual Connected Smart Cities & ... Orchestra Cities * 1. martel-innovate.com CSCC, 23rd January 2020 Dr. Monique Calisti CEO - Martel Innovate CONNECTED SMART ... 6. SCALABLE Leverages best in class of cloud solutions to flexibly scale from small cities to large ones © Martel Innovate , ...
more infohttps://www.slideshare.net/OASC/orchestra-cities

Cities | European CommissionCities | European Commission

See how the Commission helps cities to grow sustainably through... ... The Commission is working together with cities to ensure a good quality of life. ... Smart cities Smart cities. The European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC), supported by the ... City initiatives City initiatives. The Commission has established a number of initiatives supporting cities in tackling future ...
more infohttps://ec.europa.eu/info/eu-regional-and-urban-development/topics/cities_en

Haitis tent citiesHaiti's tent cities

Haitis tent cities. Residents load their belongings into a truck to move to another town, in a street known as Route des Rails ...
more infohttps://www.yahoo.com/news/photos/haiti-s-tent-cities-slideshow/haiti-s-tent-cities-photo-1345951128.html?ref=gs

Twin Cities OutreachTwin Cities Outreach

... (NEW SITE). I decided to make this link because I had too many "stuff" to share in the Minnesota site I ... I personally feel this is some of the fruit of what God has/is/will be doing through Heart of the City!...Amen! I was also ... At Morris, we get a lot of people coming/moving from the Twin Cities area. I grew-up in St. Paul and Im not as familiar with ... I met a family very involved in church "unity" gatherings, like Heart of the City last Saturday. I talked to the son, who leads ...
more infohttp://www.angelfire.com/mn/saldapal/christian.twincities.html

Feedback | 500 CitiesFeedback | 500 Cities

CDC 500 Cities Project Feedback Form. How are you using 500 Cities Data? ... Please tell us how you are using 500 Cities data and the 500 Cities website. Your feedback is valued and greatly appreciated. ... Feedback: How Are You Using 500 Cities Data?. ... Explore DPH 500 Cities Compare Cities Report. *Explore DPH 500 ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/500cities/feedback.htm
  • The Initiative on Cities is pleased to announce its Spring 2018 Request for Proposals for our Early Stage Urban Research. (bu.edu)
  • How can we create cities able to adapt to urbanisation, climate change and disruptive technologies, while driving economic, environmental and social value? (rics.org)
  • A recent study carried out by the UN-Habitat estimates that over half of the world's population now resides in cities - that is, 54 percent of the global population or four billion people - and this urbanisation trend is further increasing. (com.pk)
  • Also, I have a link to one awesome summer I had ( twin cities trip ), which I wasn't able to record others like this one. (angelfire.com)
  • I've been attending their worship gatherings since 1999 when I found out their mission of uniting believers from all diverse backrounds (denominations, racial/ethnic, rich/poor, etc...) in the Twin Cities area. (angelfire.com)
  • Currently, several churches ( Sanctuary Convenant Church -Minneapolis, Church of the Open Door in Maple Grove, and Woodland Hills Church in St. Paul) are trying to bridge with each other to connect believers throughout the Twin Cities. (angelfire.com)
  • At Morris, we get a lot of people coming/moving from the Twin Cities area. (angelfire.com)
  • The European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC), supported by the Commission, brings together cities, industry, small businesses, banks, researchers and other smart-city actors. (europa.eu)
  • I talked to the son, who leads worship there and was very passionate to see the vision of unity in surrounding cities/communities of Minneapolis-St. Paul. (angelfire.com)
  • Education Cities builds the capacity of our members to invest in the growth of great schools, recruit and support talented teachers and principals, engage their communities and advance pro-children policies. (idealist.org)
  • Archaeological work has traced here the transition from village farming communities to cities, and the study of the earliest cuneiform writing from the end of the millennium has allowed a deeper look at belief systems and social organization. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Communities, indeed whole cities, need to reinvent themselves. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • No Tree City USA communities are found in that state. (arborday.org)
  • It serves a population of more than four million within a 600 square mile service area, including Los Angeles and 29 contracting cities and agencies. (lacitysan.org)
  • LASAN is responsible for the collection and removal of solid materials and waste in the City of Los Angeles. (lacitysan.org)
  • The Initiative on Cities engages with urban leaders, academics, and policy makers from around the world to help plan for the development of essential services and sustainable infrastructure necessary for cities to flourish. (bu.edu)
  • Building sustainable and climate-compatible cities is therefore vital to curb emissions and build resilience - not only for the residents of various cities but also for those who live beyond the city limits. (com.pk)
  • Environmentally, cities can also be more sustainable than rural or suburban living. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Global average temperatures are rising and this effect is more pronounced in cities," says Ishrat Ali, the joint secretary at the Ministry of Climate Change. (com.pk)
  • The recent monsoon rains in Karachi, which left many parts of the city in knee-deep waters, are a testament to the fact that even large cities in Pakistan are ill-equipped to deal with increased rainfall that is induced by climate change. (com.pk)
  • Irfan Tariq, the director-general of the Ministry of Climate Change, recommends some measures that cities in Pakistan can take to reduce their carbon footprint. (com.pk)
  • The cities of low-income, developing countries that are already plagued by the problems of overcrowding, inadequate infrastructure and poor sanitation are worst-hit. (com.pk)
  • Faculty Friday highlights a Boston University faculty member by exploring their work at Boston University and their thoughts on cities. (bu.edu)
  • City of Hope is a world leader in the research and treatment of cancer, diabetes, and other serious diseases. (cityofhope.org)
  • The Kansas City Zoo is deeply committed to sponsoring and raising awareness to conservation programs to preserve our world for generations to come. (kansascityzoo.org)
  • The main mound represents the continuous habitation of a coherent cultural group between about 7000 and 5700 bce, making this one of the oldest known cities in the world. (encyclopedia.com)
  • At a meeting June 17-19 in Dallas, Texas, The New Cities Foundation expects to attract over a thousand leaders from cities around the world, most of whom will hear about creative place making, technology innovations, new transportation schemes, sustainability, financing and audience building as well as a host of other topics all of which will be discussed in a plenary session and numerous breakouts. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In 2013, the band collaborated with the Australian Brandenburg Orchestra and members of the Australian Chamber Orchestra for "The Future is Baroque", a Sydney Festival exclusive event pairing Dappled Cities' music with Baroque instrumentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to an array of programs discussing the future of cities, leaders from Hong Kong, Qatar, the UK, Amsterdam, Germany and the U.S are shaping the Global Cultural Districts Network (GCDN). (huffingtonpost.com)
  • How can we ensure that Asia's rapidly developing cities evolve to suit the needs of future generations? (rics.org)
  • With billions headed for urban centers in the decades to come, and with cities already home to a majority of the earth's population, the future of cities and our environment are inextricably connected. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • One thing is certain: the way we solve existing urban environmental problems and leverage cities to prevent future ones will impact almost all of us. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • People drive more in spread out cities, and cars and trucks are one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions, contributing 27 percent of the U.S.'s total emissions . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • areas including museums, theaters, performing arts centers, and other assets such as live/work spaces, coffee shops and restaurants that help define a city. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • How is this trend starting to influence cities and the built environment? (rics.org)
  • Our members serve as education "quarterbacks" - providing outside-the-system strategic leadership in the effort to improve public education in their cities. (idealist.org)
  • Communicating: We write about trends we see across cities, and promote bold ideas and approaches that lead to better outcomes for children. (idealist.org)
  • was properly launched with a show at the City Recital Hall in Sydney. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tour the citys major landmarks, including City Hall, the CN Tower and Roger's Stadium home of the Toronto Blue Jays Baseball Club. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Clarence E. Harris Foundation and the Milton M. Ratner Foundation support the arts center and provide many other amenities for the city and surrounding area. (georgiaencyclopedia.org)
  • I personally feel this is some of the fruit of what God has/is/will be doing through Heart of the City! (angelfire.com)
  • I met a family very involved in church "unity" gatherings, like Heart of the City last Saturday. (angelfire.com)
  • Feedback: How Are You Using 500 Cities Data? (cdc.gov)
  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cities in China . (wikipedia.org)
  • Several EU funds offer support to cities, including advice on implementation. (europa.eu)
  • On February 13th, Cambridge City Councilor Craig Kelley visited the Initiative on Cities to discuss his advice and experience with. (bu.edu)
  • See also List of cities in the People's Republic of China . (wikipedia.org)
  • Education Cities is a nonprofit network of 31 city-based organizations in 24 cities working to dramatically increase the number of great public schools across the country. (idealist.org)
  • Second, there are a number of advantages to living in cities, including environmental ones. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • City of Hope strongly supports and values the uniqueness of all individuals and promotes a work environment where diversity is embraced. (cityofhope.org)