Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Silicate Cement: A relatively hard, translucent, restorative material used primarily in anterior teeth. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p50)Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Radioactive Pollutants: Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.Databases, Bibliographic: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).DenmarkFinlandAuthorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Medical Subject Headings: Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Bibliography as Topic: Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Respiration Disorders: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.AccidentsInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Vital Capacity: The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.EnglandBirth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Neurologic Examination: Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Forced Expiratory Volume: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Government Publications as Topic: Discussion of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Housing: Living facilities for humans.SwedenDisease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Reference Books: Books designed by the arrangement and treatment of their subject matter to be consulted for definite terms of information rather than to be read consecutively. Reference books include DICTIONARIES; ENCYCLOPEDIAS; ATLASES; etc. (From the ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Biobibliography as Topic: A biography which includes a list of the writings of the subject person.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Multiple Sclerosis: An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.BooksEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Arthritis, Rheumatoid: A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Review Literature as Topic: Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.Subject Headings: Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.MEDLARS: A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Journalism: The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.Nobel PrizeBody Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Retraction of Publication as Topic: Authors' withdrawal or disavowal of their participation in performing research or writing the results of their study.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Libraries, MedicalPhysics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.Library Surveys: Collection and analysis of data pertaining to operations of a particular library, library system, or group of independent libraries, with recommendations for improvement and/or ordered plans for further development.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Natural Language Processing: Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Dissertations, Academic as Topic: Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.United StatesDuplicate Publication as Topic: Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.Great BritainDictionaries, MedicalScientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Grateful Med: A microcomputer-based software package providing a user-friendly interface to the MEDLARS system of the National Library of Medicine.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.Manuscripts, MedicalCost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Organotherapy: Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Information Science: The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.Ophthalmology: A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.Efficiency: Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Publication Bias: The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Nursing Research: Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Literature: Writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. The body of written works produced in a particular language, country, or age. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Systems Agencies: Health planning and resources development agencies which function in each health service area of the United States (PL 93-641).ArchivesAlgorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Data Mining: Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Allied Health Occupations: Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.Surgery, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Meta-Analysis as Topic: A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.EuropeNursing: The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.Gross Domestic Product: Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Library Science: Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Nursing Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.Pulmonary Medicine: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).BrazilEngineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cardiology: The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.Interlibrary LoansVisual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Hospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Hospitals, Proprietary: Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.Databases as Topic: Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Library Administration: Planning, organizing, staffing, direction, and control of libraries.Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Dermatology: A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.Nuclear Medicine: A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
A second follow-up study was conducted in 1999 by Rick Doblin, Jerome E. Beck, Kate Chapman and Maureen Alioto, 40 years after ... citation needed] Also at the Irvine faculty, he studied the connection between hormones and premenstrual depression in women. ... Two follow-up studies have been done. The first, done by Janiger around 1968, collected questionnaires from about 200 of the ... The study concluded that the experiences were positive overall, but only 1/3 of the follow-up subjects reported long-term ...
The nuns follow the rule of St. Augustine. Their life is organized around the liturgy, study and the work of making biscuits. ... Citations Monastère de Chalais, Isère Magazine. Abbaye de Chalais, Fédération... Lear 1870, p. 102. Richard 1854, p. 224. ... The house of study accommodated about forty brothers. A small new house was built for visitors. The religious painter Hyacinthe ... In 1932 the owners of the property, the Nicolet-Courbier family, invited the Dominicans from the house of study near Chambéry ...
She later received a Doctorate in Psychology.[citation needed] Follow Me! Creating a Personal Brand with Twitter, John Wiley & ... Gratton studied at Cardiff University and received a Bachelor of Arts in Educational psychology. ... "Follow Me: How To Create A Personal Brand On Twitter". Retrieved 14 January 2014. "Glyndŵr University - Some of ... citation needed] and was elected as President of the Women in Business Society for both UK and Europe in 2000. Gratton has ...
A few representative citations follow: Briggs, C. L. (1984). Learning How to Ask: Native Metacommunicative Competence and the ... Studies in Theatre and Performance, 27(1), 13-24. Condlin, R. J. (2008). "Every day and in every way we are all becoming meta ... In 2013 study about supervision in higher education, authors recommended metacommunication as part of a transparent ... Leeds-Hurwitz, W. (1994). Crossing disciplinary boundaries: The Macy Foundation Conferences on Cybernetics as a case study in ...
... and to follow the manufacturer's instructions strictly.[citation needed] For children between three and twelve years of age, ... citation needed] However, according to one study, magnesium gluconate is marginally more bioavailable than magnesium citrate. ... Magnesium citrate functions best on an empty stomach, and should always be followed with a full (eight ounce or 25 cl) glass of ... Coudray, C; Rambeau, M; Feillet-Coudray, C; Gueux, E; Tressol, JC; Mazur, A; Rayssiguier, Y (December 2005). "Study of ...
Various twin studies where one identical twin has an anxiety disorder have reported a 31-88% incidence of the other twin also ... The symptoms can be understood as follows. First, there is frequently the sudden onset of fear with little provoking stimulus. ... full citation needed] MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Hyperventilation "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. ... Studies report that about 20% to 30% of recreational users experience such problems after smoking marijuana." Phobias - People ...
Henry's College Kitovu, where he studied physics, chemistry, biology, and subsidiary mathematics.[citation needed] He was ... He followed that with a Diploma in education. Later, he obtained a Master Arts in education, also from Makerere University. ... When he returned to Uganda after his PhD studies in 1987, he re-joined Makerere, but this time, in the School of Education. ... He attended Old Kampala Secondary School for his O-Level studies, from 1973 until 1976. For his A-Level education, he relocated ...
The five alternatives that remained were as follows:[citation needed] Alternative 1 ran from US 41 to Terre Haute and along I- ... Tier 2 studies and lawsuits[edit]. Studies[edit]. During Tier 2 studies, INDOT further divided SIU 3 into six smaller segments ... Alternative 5 was the last studied and used SR 57 to US 50 bypass just south of Washington. Afterwards, it followed US 50 ... full citation needed] *^ Indiana Department of Transportation. "Home". Major Moves: 465-69 Northeast. Indiana Department of ...
... museum studies, human geography, sociology, social relations, ethnic studies, cultural studies, and social work. Anthropology ... The development of world anthropologies has followed different trajectories. In the mid-20th century, American anthropology ... citation needed] Drawing on the methods of the natural sciences as well as developing new techniques involving not only ... In some ways, studying the language, culture, physiology, and artifacts of European colonies was not unlike studying the flora ...
A ten to thirteen-year follow-up study". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 69 (3): 332-54. PMID 3818700. ... Femoral osteotomies, as the name indicates, involves adjustments made to the femur head and/or the femur.[citation needed] Knee ... An arthroscopic study of 54 knee joints". The Orthopedic Clinics of North America. 10 (3): 585-608. PMID 460834. Jung HD, Kim ... A critical long-term study of eighty-seven cases". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 75 (2): 196-201. ...
... citation needed] Cadets are enrolled in the seventh grade and continue their study for six years. They follow the English ... citation needed] From 2003, the cadet colleges in Bangladesh were converted to the English version of the National curriculum.[ ... citation needed] Gowher Rizvi, Rhodes Scholar, Bangladeshi historian, scholar and academic, International Affairs adviser to ...
The most highly cited study in the journal is A Long-term follow-up study of women using different methods of contraception- an ... The editor-in-chief is C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor (University of Cambridge). According to the Journal Citation Reports, the ... Vessey, Martin; Doll, Sir Richard; Peto, Richard; Johnson, Bridget; Wiggins, Peter (31 July 2008). "A Long-term follow-up study ... In 2006, the journal published a controversial study arguing that Ashkenazi Jews are more intelligent than other ethnic groups ...
Furthermore, different standards and measurements follow from the various definitions.[citation needed] Postoperative care ... A 6-Week Follow-Up Study". The Journal of Hand Surgery. 31 (5): 717-25. doi:10.1016/j.jhsa.2006.02.021. PMID 16713831. Robbins ... A study reported postoperative gain is greater at the MCP-joint level than at the level of the IP-joint and found a reoperation ... This study showed that NA is a safe procedure that can be performed in an outpatient setting. The complication rate was low, ...
The majority of the studies that correlate vaccination with ADEM onset use small samples or case studies.[citation needed] ... Lin CH, Jeng JS, Hsieh ST, Yip PK, Wu RM (February 2007). "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: a follow-up study in Taiwan". ... Tenembaum S, Chamoles N, Fejerman N (October 2002). "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: a long-term follow-up study of 84 ... Schwarz S, Mohr A, Knauth M, Wildemann B, Storch-Hagenlocher B (2001). "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: A follow-up study ...
... citation needed] Although often described as benign, a teratoma does have malignant potential. In a UK study of 351 infants and ... Adequate follow-up requires close observation, involving repeated physical examination, scanning (ultrasound, MRI, or CT), and ... Saito K, Katsumata Y, Hirabuki T, Kato K, Yamanaka M (2007). "Fetus-in-fetu: parasite or neoplasm? A study of two cases". Fetal ... As is true throughout oncology (the study of tumors, malignant and benign), the nomenclature for these tumors continually ...
Follow your instincts".[citation needed] Chisholm 1911, p. 785. Jones 1988, p. [page needed]. Hampson 1976, pp. 1-14. Kaiser ... The Society for French Historical Studies. Jones, P.M. (1988). The Peasantry in the French Revolution. Cambridge University ...
At a prayer meeting in Indiana, God said that he would do missions in a Pará, Brazil.[citation needed] At another praying ... They studied Portuguese and propagated the doctrine Pentecostal way initially proselytizing among Baptists in Belém and then ... He taught some Scandinavian Baptist churches and decided to follow his missionary vocation. He later went to South Bend, ... In 1903, he emigrated to the United States where he majored in pastoral studies at Chicago Theological Seminary Swedish. In ...
Personal responsibility is a major tenet of RS/SOM.[citation needed] RS/SOM teaches that people can achieve more fulfilling ... Most GRSM educational programs are part-time evening courses that follow an academic school year. The early courses in the ... It offers classroom training and informal study groups. The Seminary includes all accredited full-time and part-time programs ... Students enrolled in the doctorate program are assigned a sponsor.[citation needed] History of New Thought Jones, L. (2005) ...
... medical citation needed] Other studies have hinted at exposure to loud noise on a consistent basis. One study has shown a ... Periodic MRI studies are important to follow the potential growth rate of any tumor. Near total tumor removal is used when ... Radiated patients require lifetime follow-up with MRI scans. Follow-up after SRS and FSR typically involves an MRI scan and ... Current studies suggest surgeons should observe small acoustic neuromas (those 1.5 cm or less). Over a period of 10 years of ...
After his parents divorced, he followed his mother to Brooklyn, New York. In the United States, he studied two years of ... They decided to combine roots music with vodou religious and musical traditions.[citation needed] Lolo's grandfather was deeply ... They founded a group to study vodou music, giving it the name of Moun Ife ("People of the Abode of the Deities"). Lolo stated ... business administration.[citation needed] Lolo returned to Haiti in 1978, and there were bands playing music known as minidjaz ...
He studied under Pudukottai Malayappa Iyer and Namakkal Narasimha Iyengar in his early years.[citation needed] Later he studied ... This was followed by Padma Bhushan by Government of India in 1958. Ariyakudi was born in Ariyakudi, a town in the Karaikudi ... Ariyakudi developed a unique style of singing which came to be known as The Ariyakudi Tradition and is followed by his students ... Ariyakudi's famous disciples include K V Narayanaswamy, B Rajam Iyer, Alappuzha Venkatesan and Madurai N Krishnan.[citation ...
They have been studied and described in great detail from an anthropometric, or "man-measuring", point of view. Without ... The Ertebølle and preceding Kongemose populations were of mixed race[citation needed]. On the one hand they did not differ from ... resorting to this specialized language, the main conclusions are as follows. ...
Many aspiring guitarists who followed him have studied and copied his style. Although he was an accomplished musician on ... Puckett's most famous songs were "Ragged but Right" and "The Darky's Wail".[citation needed] His dynamic single-string guitar ...
He followed many German philosophers of his time, who were very influential. While studying in Germany, he had attended ... citation needed] The most important freedom is "the freedom to perfect one's freedom."[citation needed] He considered ... From 1902-1903 he studied in Germany, at Göttingen, where he was the first American to study with Edmund Husserl, and in Berlin ... Reading William James' work The Principles of Psychology made him decide to go to Harvard to study philosophy, but he first ...
She studied Journalism in her native Missouri. She served in the U.S. Navy, and married a U.S. Marine. She worked as a ... In 1984, she suffered a brain aneurysm, followed by three brain surgeries. Duran sold her first novel as Ruth Jean Dale on July ... Following his death in 2008, she returned to writing under her own name: Lee Duran.[citation needed] Extra! Extra! (1989) ...
The structure follows the previous framework programme (FP7, 2007-13) to the level of the sub-programmes under the pillars. In ... Following the requirements derived from this preliminary studies, a Smart UTM Design is drafted in alignment with the U-Space ... citation needed] ... the European Commission on the overall strategy to be followed ... "European drones outlook study : unlocking the value for Europe". doi:10.2829/085259. Retrieved 13 December 2017 ...
Works citing "Predictors of Retention in an Online Follow-up Study of Men Who Have Sex With Men". ... The Inclusion of African-American Study Participants in Web-Based Research Studies: Viewpoint. Journal of Medical Internet ... Silva AP, Greco M, Fausto MA, Carneiro M. Loss to follow-up in a cohort of HIV-negative men who have sex with men: Project ... The Comparability of Men Who Have Sex With Men Recruited From Venue-Time-Space Sampling and Facebook: A Cohort Study. JMIR ...
Increased nuchal translucency with normal karyotype: a follow-up study of 100 cases supplemented with CGH and MLPA analyses. ... a follow-up study of 100 cases supplemented with CGH and MLPA analyses. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol, 34: 618-622. doi: 10.1002/ ... By how much does increased nuchal translucency increase the risk of adverse outcome in chromosomally normal fetuses? A study of ... A prospective study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2007; 196: 53.e1-53.e6.. *CrossRef, ...
Laskus, T., Cianciara, J. and Šlusarczyk, J. (1990), A follow-up study of an outbreak of non-A, non-B hepatitis in a ... A follow-up study of an outbreak of non-A, non-B hepatitis in a plasmapheresis unit. ... SEARCH BY CITATION. Volume:. Issue:. Page:. ARTICLE TOOLS. *Get PDF (330K)Get PDF (330K) ...
Study Description. Citation Campbell, Frances, and Elizabeth Pungello. Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC) and the Carolina ... All have been followed from birth to young adulthood. The study recruited children born between 1972 and 1977. At entry to ... Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC) and the Carolina Approach to Responsive Education (CARE), Age 21 Follow Up Study, 1993 - ... Age 21 Follow Up Study, 1993 - 2003. ICPSR32262-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social ...
Study Description. Citation Burns, Nancy , Kay Lehman Schlozman , and Sidney Verba. American Citizen Participation Study Follow ... American Citizen Participation Study Follow-Up: Singles and Couples Data, Fall 1993-Winter 1994 (ICPSR 23561) Principal ... This study is the third wave of the American Citizen Participation Study and was designed to examine gender differences in ... This study is the third wave of the American Citizen Participation Study and was designed to examine gender differences in ...
20-year follow-up of the HUNT I study in Norway. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... Citation. Munkhaugen, John, et al. "Prehypertension, Obesity, and Risk of Kidney Disease: 20-year Follow-up of the HUNT I Study ... STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 74,986 adults participating in the first Health Study in Nord ... AdultAgedBlood PressureBody Mass IndexBody WeightCreatinineFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansHypertensionKidney Failure, ChronicMale ...
A Mortality Follow-back Study of Home Deaths. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... Citation. Jennings, Nicholas, et al. "Palliative and End-of-Life Care in a Small Caribbean Country: a Mortality Follow-back ... Palliative and End-of-Life Care in a Small Caribbean Country: A Mortality Follow-back Study of Home Deaths. J Pain Symptom ... Palliative and End-of-Life Care in a Small Caribbean Country: a Mortality Follow-back Study of Home Deaths. J Pain Symptom ...
Citations Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:. *. APA ... Study shows urgent need for long-term follow up of Zika-exposed infants. *Download PDF Copy ... 2019, August 05). Study shows urgent need for long-term follow up of Zika-exposed infants. News-Medical. Retrieved on January ... The commentators go on to add: "This study adds to the growing body of research that argues in favor of ongoing follow-up for ...
Citation. Nucera E, Schiavino D, Milani A, et al. Effects of lysine-acetylsalicylate (LAS) treatment in nasal polyposis: two ... Effects of lysine-acetylsalicylate (LAS) treatment in nasal polyposis: two controlled long term prospective follow up studies ... Effects of lysine-acetylsalicylate (LAS) treatment in nasal polyposis: two controlled long term prospective follow up studies ...
Citation. Zajicek JP, Sanders HP, Wright DE, et al. Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis (CAMS) study: safety and efficacy data ... Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis (CAMS) study: safety and efficacy data for 12 months follow up ... Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis (CAMS) study: safety and efficacy data for 12 months follow up ...
Citation. Jensen MT, Suadicani P, Hein HO, et al. Elevated resting heart rate, physical fitness and all-cause mortality: a 16- ... Elevated resting heart rate, physical fitness and all-cause mortality: a 16-year follow-up in the Copenhagen Male Study ... Elevated resting heart rate, physical fitness and all-cause mortality: a 16-year follow-up in the Copenhagen Male Study ... Hans Ole Hein Copenhagen Male Study, Epidemiologic Research Unit, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg, Copenhagen, ...
Download this article to citation manager. Gillies Hunter, Hickson Barbara, Mayer-Gross W.. A Follow-up Study of 238 ... A Follow-up Study of 238 Leucotomized Patients. Br Med J 1952; 1 doi: (Published 08 ... If you are unable to import citations, please contact technical support for your product directly (links go to external sites): ... A Follow-up Study of.... *A Follow-up Study of 238 Leucotomized Patients ...
News Citations. * Sirtuins Link Stress, Autophagy 22 Feb 2008. External Citations. * Alzheimers Disease Cooperative Study ... Study Looks to Lithium for Treating ALS-Patients Follow Suit. Quick Links. *Article ... Despite its being a small pilot study, ALS patients have been abuzz about it on the Internet and some are deciding to take ... Continuing study of lithiums effects might guide scientists to other, more precise types of therapy, said Pierre Tariot, ...
Citation. Thomas GAO, Swift GL, Green JT, et al. Controlled trial of antituberculous chemotherapy in Crohns disease: a five ... Controlled trial of antituberculous chemotherapy in Crohns disease: a five year follow up study ... Controlled trial of antituberculous chemotherapy in Crohns disease: a five year follow up study ...
... follow-up study; health; health correlate; prospective study; self-rated health; sleep disturbance; workplace bullying ... Download citation. Download a citation file by selecting one of the formats below. RIS (Zotero). Endnote. Medline XML. Bibtex. ... The overall loss of participants at follow-up was 16% at the first follow-up and 40% at the second follow-up with some ... Hansen, AM, Hogh, A, Garde, AH, & Persson, R. (2014). Workplace bullying and sleep difficulties: a 2-year follow-up study. Int ...
Download this article to citation manager. Jensen Tina Kold, Hjollund Niels Henrik I, Henriksen Tine Brink, Scheike Thomas, ... was slightly lower in this study than in some of the previously published follow up studies.1426 Study designs and methods ... Enrolment and follow up. The couples were enrolled into the study when they discontinued birth control and were followed for ... We conducted a follow up study among couples who were trying to conceive for the first time, with repeated measurementsof ...
Citation. Ford AC, Forman D, Bailey AG, et al. Initial poor quality of life and new onset of dyspepsia: results from a ... Initial poor quality of life and new onset of dyspepsia: results from a longitudinal 10-year follow-up study ... Initial poor quality of life and new onset of dyspepsia: results from a longitudinal 10-year follow-up study ...
Product-Specific Regulatory Pathways to Approve Generic Drugs: The Need for Follow-up Studies to Ensure Safety and ... The Need for Follow-up Studies to Ensure Safety and Effectiveness Citation:. Kesselheim AS, Gagne JJ. Product-Specific ... The Need for Follow-up Studies to Ensure Safety and Effectiveness. Drug Saf. 2015;38 (10) :849-53. ... These have been used in two primary situations: (1) cases for which certain bioequivalence studies were not relevant; and (2) ...
Follow Fordham Law School Legal Studies Research Paper Series. Subscribe to this free journal for more curated articles on this ... Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation Gelter, Martin and Siems, Mathias M., Language, Legal Origins, and Culture before the ... Follow Institutions & Transition Economics: Theoretical & Methodological Issues eJournal. Subscribe to this fee journal for ... Whether such citations take place and in what quantity depends on the particular legal culture and its relationship to others. ...
Recommended Citation. Wagoner, Robert, "A Study of the Holding Power and Follow-Up of North Bullitt High School Students ( ... A Study of the Holding Power and Follow-Up of North Bullitt High School Students (Classes of 1978, 1979 and 1980) ...
Download to a citation manager. Download the citation for this article by clicking on one of the following citation managers:. ... Additional follow-up telephone counselling and initial smoking relapse: a longitudinal, controlled study ... Additional follow-up telephone counselling and initial smoking relapse: a longitudinal, controlled study ... Additional follow-up telephone counselling and initial smoking relapse: a longitudinal, controlled study ...
Journal Article , Study. Adverse events after screening and follow-up colonoscopy. Get Citation Rutter CM, Johnson E, ... Journal Article , Study. Outcome of 6 years of protocol use for preventing wrong site office surgery. Get Citation Starling J ... Journal Article , Study. Is there evidence of a July effect among patients undergoing hysterectomy surgery? Get Citation Varma ... Journal Article , Study. A communication training program to encourage speaking-up behavior in surgical oncology. Get Citation ...
Journal Article , Study. Adverse events after screening and follow-up colonoscopy. Get Citation Rutter CM, Johnson E, ... Journal Article , Study. The incidence and cost of unexpected hospital use after scheduled outpatient endoscopy. Get Citation ... Get Citation Ragsdale JA. Gastroenterol Nurs. 2011;34:218-223. This commentary applied Joint Commission patient safety ... This study of more than 45,000 colonoscopies found that 4.7 serious adverse events occurred per 1000 screening colonoscopies. ...
31 volunteers participated in sun behaviour studies with the same protocol wearing a personal, electronic wrist-borne UVR ... Reproduced material should be attributed as follows: * For reproduction of material from NJC: [Original citation] - Reproduced ... Adult UVR exposure changes with life stage - a 14-year follow-up study using personal electronic UVR dosimeters E. Thieden, A. ... Adult UVR exposure changes with life stage - a 14-year follow-up study using personal electronic UVR dosimeters ...
I believe the Oregon study found no significant change in ED usage, but I cant find a citation to that now, so treat my ... The follow-up study on Medicaid coverage in Oregon. by Tyler Cowen May 1, 2013 at 5:34 pm in *Data Source ... One is that the study was simply too small, with too few sick people, to show the kind of quick health changes the researchers ... 2) This study raises questions about the value of preventative care in general - at least on a two year time horizon.. 2a) The ...
  • Some 29 million people 40 and older were taking an aspirin a day despite having no known heart disease in 2017, the latest data available, according to a new study from Harvard and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. (
  • The study was conducted in 2016 - 2017 in Private Pediatric Dentistry Clinic, Baghdad, Iraq. (
  • Abstract Our previous studies demonstrated the cytogenetic effects in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of a 34-year-old male patient who received ablative radioactive 131iodine therapy (RIT) on two different occasions in 1992 and 1994. (
  • Abstract Background Although linear growth during childhood may be affected by early-life exposures, few studies have examined whether the effects of these exposures linger on during school age, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. (
  • Abstract 1079: Markers of inflammation and risk of prostate cancer: Results from a 20-year follow-up study. (
  • Abstract Objectives The pars cohort study (PCS) is a 10-year cohort study aiming to investigate the burden and the major risk factors of non-communicable diseases, and to establish a setting to launch interventions for prevention of these diseases and controlling their risk factors. (
  • Methods In total, 7502 public service and private sector employees participated in a 3-wave study from 2006 through 2011. (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study included 4,542 men without metabolic syndrome at baseline who were followed for an average of 3 years. (
  • More efficient methods for recruitment, data collection and follow-up are essential if such studies are to remain feasible with limited public and research funds. (
  • Using examples from UK COSMOS, this article sets out the dos and don'ts for today's cohort studies and provides a guide on how best to take advantage of new technologies and innovative methods to simplify logistics and minimise costs. (
  • Whether dietary patterns measured at the level of the individual are associated with prostate cancer risk has not been studied previously, in part because of the relative novelty of the approach but also because standard methods for identifying, measuring, and interpreting dietary patterns are only now being developed. (
  • The study design and laboratory methods have previously been described ( 6 , 7 ). (
  • Methods We conducted a population-based longitudinal study of 256 children living in the Brazilian Amazon, aged 0.1 y to 5.5 y in 2003. (
  • METHODS: This single-centre observational study was conducted in an intensive care unit in a university hospital. (
  • Methods: Seventy-two (36 men and 36 women) with a mean age 63.5 years (range of 52 to 73 years) com-pletely edentulous denture-wearing patients were included in this study. (
  • METHODS: To decrease the long term sequelae of routine neurosurgical intervention for all intraspinal extensions of neuroblastoma, the French NBL 90 Study was formulated to use chemotherapy as a first-line treatment for all nonmetastatic neuroblastomas with intraspinal extension. (
  • However, the development of cardiac disease during follow-up could not be predicted using the available diagnostic methods. (
  • The subject of this study was the eyes of patients, in the 10 to 29 year age range, who were prescribed SCL at Okada Eye Clinic in Kanagawa, Japan, between 2002 and 2011, who were tracked over a 5-year period (between 2007 to 2016). (
  • Combined, the two studies test the hypothesis that child care, home visit, and home school resource interventions can enhance cognitive and academic outcomes for children at risk for school failure due to factors such as poverty, low maternal IQ, or low parental education. (
  • hence, a secondary analysis was performed that excluded all individuals who experienced outcomes in the 5 years after the study start. (
  • Numerous cross-sectional and some prospective studies have consistently reported strong associations between self-reported bullying at the workplace and a number of health-related outcomes such as absence due to sickness ( 3 , 4 ), sleep disorders ( 5 ) and common mental health disorders ( 6 - 11 ). (
  • Results from the study demonstrated that families in the as-needed follow-up group chose to attend substantially fewer clinic visits, but otherwise experienced equivalent outcomes to families in the scheduled follow-up group. (
  • Long-term follow-up of essential thrombocythemia in young adults: treatment strategies, major thrombotic complications and pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Most studies only reported outcomes up to 12 months. (
  • Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes of patients treated with laparoscopic lavage. (
  • Long-term follow-up data on patient outcomes, e.g. diverticulitis recurrence, reoperations and readmissions, were collected retrospectively. (
  • We first wanted to determine whether complete follow-up could be achieved in an LIC, and secondly, we wanted to find the true microbial infection rate at our hospital and to examine the influence of HIV infection and lack of follow-up on outcomes. (
  • We compared outcomes in patients who returned for scheduled follow-up and patients who did not return but who could be contacted by phone or visited in their home village. (
  • Despite its being a small pilot study, ALS patients have been abuzz about it on the Internet and some are deciding to take lithium without waiting for further studies. (
  • These results encouraged the researchers to study 44 patients with ALS, treating 16 with lithium at doses of 300-450 mg a day in addition to riluzole for 15 months, and 28 patients with riluzole only. (
  • Tariot also works with the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study , which aims to conduct a trial on about 70 Alzheimer's patients to pinpoint biological markers of pathways that lithium is thought to influence. (
  • This finding differs from prior studies that had found similar complication rates across hospitals and had suggested that the higher mortality seen at low-volume hospitals could be attributed solely to failures in rescuing patients once an event occurred. (
  • This qualitative study of patients undergoing treatment for breast or colon cancer found that a significant proportion of patients perceived they had experienced a preventable adverse event, most commonly ascribed to poor communication or coordination of care . (
  • To evaluate the development of autonomic neuropathy, 23 patients with a moderate (group A) and 18 patients with a long (group B) duration of diabetes and without symptoms of autonomic neuropathy were re-investigated 6 yr after the initial studies. (
  • Symptoms of autonomic neuropathy (SAN) developed in 18 patients (nine in each group) who showed a low mean E/I ratio and brake index in both studies. (
  • In group A, but not in group B, patients with SAN showed a decrease in the acceleration index and most SAN patients (8/9) in group A had an abnormal acceleration index in the follow-up study. (
  • Many patients are confused about this," said Dr. Colin O'Brien, a senior internal medicine resident at Beth Israel who led the study. (
  • Longitudinal neuropsychological follow-up study of patients with first-episode schizophrenia. (
  • Provision of study materials or patients: E.B. Rimm. (
  • Switching to 'as-needed' follow-up visits means fewer opportunities for patients to receive treatments they may not need. (
  • The study comprised 611 patients randomly assigned to undergo CABG (n=203), PCI (n=205), or MT (n=203). (
  • At the 5-year follow-up, the primary end points occurred in 21.2% of patients who underwent CABG compared with 32.7% treated with PCI and 36% receiving MT alone ( P =0.0026). (
  • CABG was superior to MT in terms of the primary end points, reaching a significant 44% reduction in primary end points at the 5-year follow-up of patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease. (
  • In a case-controlled prospective study of IDDM patients without albuminuria, serial glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measurements were performed over an observation period of 10 years. (
  • In addition, a follow-up study for natural conception in ASA-positive and ASA-negative patients was conducted. (
  • Unified Huntington's disease rating scale for advanced patients: Validation and follow-up study. (
  • Of these, there were 40 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 32 control subjects participated in the study. (
  • The aim of this study was to quantify health loss in patients with burns and to assess the contribution of injury extent, age, gender, and psychologic factors to HRQOL and speed of recovery. (
  • A prospective study of 42 patients--results of the NBL 90 Study of the French Society of Pediatric Oncology. (
  • Only one of the patients who underwent surgery required spinal stabilization for progressive deformity, but follow-up is limited. (
  • More than 80% of the patients presented at least one diagnostic component of MS. During the period of study, 17.0% died. (
  • The HEAL registry is a nonrandomized, multicenter, prospective study to investigate the safety and effectiveness of HES in patients with intracranial aneurysms deemed appropriate for endovascular treatment. (
  • This pooled analysis suggests a significant and sustained reduction in TVF and MACE among patients treated with EES compared with PES at 3-year follow-up. (
  • It should be noted that the present study is underpowered to definitively examine low-frequency adverse events such as stent thrombosis, MI, and death and comparative trials with emerging DES are required to determine the optimal platform for specific patient and lesion subtypes, particularly patients with diabetes. (
  • A 5-year follow-up study of approximately 460,000 Japanese patients' eyes. (
  • We undertook a 5-year large-scale epidemiologic study of approximately 460,000 eyes of Japanese patients, who had been prescribed soft contact lenses (SCL), with or without UV protection to correct ametropia. (
  • At a mean follow-up of 48 ± 30 months, 4 of the remaining 23 patients had died, and 2 had withdrawn from the study. (
  • Eighty-nine thalassemic patients with chronic hepatitis C were treated with interferon alpha-2a for 12 months and followed up for 8 years. (
  • The patients were followed for a mean of 4.43 years. (
  • A follow-up study was conducted to reassess patients from a phase III trial of interferon β-1a (IFNβ-1a) 8 years after randomization. (
  • Clinical and MRI data from 172 patients followed over 2 years in the original trial were used as baseline data. (
  • Follow-up data were obtained on 160 patients, including 134 patients with follow-up MRI examinations. (
  • The goals of this study were to determine if brain atrophy was related to progression of disability over a longer period of time and to identify MRI correlates of atrophy progression in patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). (
  • There were no infections in patients who did not return for follow-up, as compared to 8 of 83 nails in the group that did return as scheduled (p = 0.1). (
  • Many patients in Malawi did not return for follow-up because they had no complaints concerning the fracture. (
  • The study was carried out by researchers at the UCLA School of Medicine on more than 200 infants in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and published in the journal Nature Medicine on July 8, 2019. (
  • Most response-inducing strategies do not increase participation in observational studies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (
  • The specification of the propensity score in multilevel observational studies ," Working Papers 006, "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi. (
  • The specification of the propensity score in multilevel observational studies ," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis , Elsevier, vol. 55(4), pages 1770-1780, April. (
  • The specification of the propensity score in multilevel observational studies ," MPRA Paper 17407, University Library of Munich, Germany. (
  • Relevant to the care of individuals with arthritis and related disorders, major topics are evidence-based practice studies, clinical problems, practice guidelines, health care economics, health care policy, educational, social, and public health issues, and future trends in rheumatology practice. (
  • A Twenty-Year Clinical Follow-up Study. (
  • Clinical and radiographical Follow ups carried out after 6 and 12 months. (
  • Even this technique is often considered difficult because of the complexity of the root canals in primary molars and need multi-visits, clinical studies have shown a reasonable prognosis [ 5 ]. (
  • Pregabalin in the treatment of postmastectomy chronic pain: Results of an open label, single-arm clinical study. (
  • Introduction: Evidence from clinical, histopathological and epidemiological studies suggest that inflammation plays a role in prostate carcinogenesis. (
  • The investigators reported the 3-year clinical follow-up of this patient-level pooled analysis. (
  • Hong Kong Chinese school children with high urine melamine levels appeared to have benign clinical course in the short term although a long term follow-up study is advisable in those with persistently high urine melamine level. (
  • The study was approved by the Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong-New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee (CREC, Ref. No.: CRE-2006.136-T and CRE-2009.272). (
  • Mäkilä Päivi, Hirvensalo Mirja, and Parkatti Terttu, "Changes in Physical Activity Involvement and Attitude to Physical Activity in a 16-Year Follow-Up Study among the Elderly," Journal of Aging Research , vol. 2010, Article ID 174290, 7 pages, 2010. (
  • article{Mejdahl2013PersistentPA, title={Persistent pain and sensory disturbances after treatment for breast cancer: six year nationwide follow-up study. (
  • Single number count for article citations from each service's database may vary by service. (
  • Results: 77 women were included, 52 completed the study. (
  • However, studies investigating these associations using biomarkers of inflammation such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) have reported conflicting results. (
  • The results from our study suggest that markers of inflammation may have differential associations with prostate cancer risk. (
  • 12 We report the 3-6-month angiographic follow-up results of cerebral aneurysms treated with the HES in the HEAL registry. (
  • The results of this uncontrolled single-center study are promising, but need further validation in other centers and in multicenter registries. (
  • The investigators analyzed the results based on user affiliate status and subject discipline and compared the results with the findings of a similar, smaller-scale study conducted in 2012. (
  • Several epidemiological studies have reported that smoking cessation is associated with an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome ( 1 , 2 ) compared with that of nonsmokers. (
  • Similar to previous epidemiological studies, we observed no significant positive associations between CRP concentrations and the risk of prostate cancer. (
  • The study was published in the journal Food Control and was completed with Chapman undergrad student Tara Okuma. (
  • In the study, researchers randomly assigned 304 children less than two years of age and hospitalized for bronchiolitis to either a scheduled post-hospitalization follow-up visit or an as-needed follow-up visit. (
  • Researchers also found that children with scheduled follow-up appointments were more likely to be prescribed antibiotics at that appointment. (
  • The researchers report on a study to examine the persistence of Web-based content. (
  • Researchers in Chapman University's Food Science Program have just published a study on pet food mislabeling. (
  • The Carolina Abecedarian (ABC) Project and the Carolina Approach to Responsive Education (CARE) projects consist of two consecutive longitudinal studies on the effectiveness of early childhood educational intervention for children at high risk for developmental delays and school failure. (
  • In longitudinal analyses adjusting for bullying during follow-up, all health correlates except poor sleep quality persisted up to four years. (
  • Over a period spanning 14 years (1999-2001, 2006 and 2012), 31 volunteers participated in sun behaviour studies with the same protocol wearing a personal, electronic wrist-borne UVR dosimeter and completed sun exposure diaries resulting in a total of 15 946 measurements days (126 days per person per year). (
  • Our study suggests that the long-term persistence of chromosome translocations in circulating lymphocytes can be useful for monitoring the extent of RIT-induced chromosomal instability several years after exposure and for estimating the cumulative absorbed dose after multiple RITs for retrospective biodosimetry purposes. (
  • the first and longest follow-up study documenting the persistence of cytogenetic damage for 21 years after internal radiation exposure. (
  • Causes of death were ascertained within this group after 15 years of mean follow-up. (
  • The Paris Prospective Study, ten years later. (
  • The rate of reported disabilities and hospitalization were also assessed at baseline, 1, 2, 3, and 5.5-years follow-up. (
  • The METSIM study comprises 10,197 Finnish men, aged from 45 to 73 years, randomly selected from the population register of Kuopio town, Eastern Finland. (
  • Of 5,181 men without diabetes at entry included in the present analysis, 4,851 participated in the follow-up study (mean follow-up time 7.4 ± 2.9 years). (
  • Forty children of both genders aged 6-8 years old were randomly selected from sixty children with non vital deciduous lower molars without any roots resorption (one tooth from each child) were involved in this study. (
  • Articles were also identified from UNSCEAR (2000b), from references cited in papers reviewed, and from direct contacts with some of the main scientists who have been involved with studies of occupational exposures in recent years. (
  • During a follow-up period lasting twenty years, with virtually no losses to follow-up, 203 men developed prostate cancer. (
  • To identify barriers to follow-up eye care in individuals aged 50 years and older with abnormal findings in a community-based glaucoma screening. (
  • In a recent follow-up of 761 children, self-reported psychotic symptoms at age 11 years increased the odds for psychotic illness at age 26 years by 16.4 times, but the actual number of children that developed a psychotic disorder was very small. (
  • In this study, a group of children who were hearing voices were followed sequentially over a period of 3 years to establish the rate of discontinuation of voices in the short term. (
  • The cumulative risk of thrombosis during follow-up was 7.5% at ten years and 11.8% at 15 years. (
  • None of the 46 subjects (28% boys, mean age 13.9 ± 2.9 years) had any abnormality detected on ultrasound study of the urinary system. (
  • These studies have been limited to relatively short follow-up periods of 6 months to 3 years. (
  • A second follow-up study was conducted in 1999 by Rick Doblin, Jerome E. Beck, Kate Chapman and Maureen Alioto, 40 years after the original experimental LSD sessions. (
  • These studies provide the only experimental data regarding the efficacy of child care interventions that began during early infancy and lasted until the child entered kindergarten. (
  • This study includes two data files, the singles and the couples data files. (
  • Although many studies have provided data on erectile dysfunction in specific settings, few studies have been large enough to precisely examine age-specific prevalence and correlates. (
  • The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. (
  • We examined this issue using prospective data from the nationally representative United States Health Examination Epidemiological Follow-up Study. (
  • A comparison of baseline data for those followed and those not followed will be undertaken. (
  • Data regarding socioeconomic and maternal characteristics, infant feeding practices, morbidities, and birth weight and length were collected at baseline of the study (2003). (
  • Method/Design: Quantitative and qualitative data will be collected during a 3-year follow-up study of a river associated with religious mass-bathing in Central India. (
  • This FOA will not support recruitment of human subjects, collection of medical or phenotypic data, studies using animal models, or the initial discovery phase of GWAS. (
  • Conclusions PCS with its large scale and wealth of socio-economic and medical data can be a unique platform for studying the etiology of non-communicable diseases and effective interventions in Iran. (
  • To address these questions, we analyzed data that had previously been acquired during a phase III trial of IFNβ-1a in conjunction with new data that were acquired as part of an 8-year follow-up study to validate the MS Functional Composite (MSFC). (
  • A total of 178 HR-MRI studies of carotid and femoral arteries performed at baseline and at 1- and 2-year follow-up were evaluated in consensus reading by two experienced readers for lumen area (LA), total vessel area (TVA), vessel wall area (VWA = TVA - LA), and normalized wall area index (NWI = VWA/TVA). (
  • The combined effect of blood pressure (BP) and body weight on risk of kidney disease has not been previously studied. (
  • While physical therapy and the only FDA-approved drug, a form of riluzole, sometimes slow the progression of symptoms, a study published online on February 4 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science indicates that lithium may slow the disease. (
  • Increasing attention to disease of the intervertebral discs has followed the demonstration by Mixter and Barr in 1933 that lumbar disc herniation could be a cause of sciatica. (
  • The treatment of neuroblastoma with intraspinal extension with chemotherapy followed by surgical removal of residual disease. (
  • This study is the third wave of the American Citizen Participation Study and was designed to examine gender differences in political and nonpolitical civic participation in the United States, in particular to examine differences between husbands and wives. (
  • Objective This study aimed to examine the course of workplace bullying and health correlates among Danish employees across a four-year period. (
  • Poorly defined cohorts and weak study designs have hampered cross-cultural comparisons of course and outcome in schizophrenia. (
  • Thus, follow-ups of individual cohorts of workers ordinarily have insufficient statistical power. (
  • Replication, fine-mapping, and sequencing studies are to be conducted in existing cohorts with defined phenotypes. (
  • Even if this claim may seem plausible in view of how bullying is defined, it is surprising that - to the best of our knowledge - no published prospective studies are reporting the course over time of self-labelled bullying and correlated symptoms. (
  • We have developed an in vitro muscle preparation suitable for metabolic studies with human muscle tissue and have investigated the effects of obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) on glucose transport. (
  • The first follow-up examination included, for subjects not known as having diabetes mellitus, a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test with measurement of plasma insulin and glucose levels, fasting and 2 h post-load. (
  • Our study is the first population-based large cohort to report that AAs are associated not only with insulin resistance but also with decreased insulin secretion. (
  • Insulin secretion index (InsAUC 0-30 /GluAUC 0-30 ) was calculated based on an OGTT as follows: (insulin at 0 min + insulin at 30 min)/ (glucose at 0 min + glucose at 30 min). (
  • The selection of Matsuda ISI (among 6 insulin sensitivity indices compared with the M value from euglycemic clamp) and InsAUC 0-30 /GluAUC 0-30 (among 11 insulin secretion indices compared with insulin secretion during a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test) was based on our previous validation study ( 7 ). (
  • Properties of leukocytes enzymes resembled those of methyltransferases previously studied in bacteria and other animal cells. (
  • Conducted by Francesco Fornai, Antonio Paparelli, and colleagues at the University of Pisa and at institutions in Pozzilli, Rome, and Novara, the study suggests that lithium carbonate may be neuroprotective. (
  • A new study suggests millions of people need to rethink their use of aspirin to prevent a heart attack. (
  • The fact that more kids are getting antibiotics in the scheduled follow-up group suggests that healthcare is begetting healthcare," Dr. Coon said. (