Cirsium: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain pectolinarin (a flavonoid glycoside).Flavones: A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.Weevils: BEETLES in the family Curculionidae and the largest family in the order COLEOPTERA. They have a markedly convex shape and many are considered pests.Milk Thistle: The plant Silybum marianum in the family ASTERACEAE containing the bioflavonoid complex SILYMARIN. For centuries this has been used traditionally to treat liver disease. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. = Carduus marianus L.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Dictionaries, MedicalAsteraceae: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.Cyperaceae: The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)GeeseMolting: Periodic casting off FEATHERS; HAIR; or cuticle. Molting is a process of sloughing or desquamation, especially the shedding of an outer covering and the development of a new one. This phenomenon permits growth in ARTHROPODS, skin renewal in AMPHIBIANS and REPTILES, and the shedding of winter coats in BIRDS and MAMMALS.Vaccinium: A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE known for species with edible fruits.Viola: A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.Penstemon: A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain phenylpropanoid and iridoid glycosides.Korarchaeota: A kingdom in the domain ARCHAEA, comprising thermophilic organisms from terrestrial hot springs that are among the most primitive of all life forms. They have undergone comparatively little evolutionary change since the last common ancestor of all extant life.Fur Seals: A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.Cupressus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. Cypress ordinarily refers to this but also forms part of the name of plants in other genera.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Silymarin: A mixture of flavonoids extracted from seeds of the MILK THISTLE, Silybum marianum. It consists primarily of silybin and its isomers, silicristin and silidianin. Silymarin displays antioxidant and membrane stabilizing activity. It protects various tissues and organs against chemical injury, and shows potential as an antihepatoxic agent.MinnesotaMollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Lythrum: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that contains ALKALOIDS.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Liver Diseases: Pathological processes of the LIVER.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Bryonia: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE that is the source of bryodin 1 (a ribosome-inactivating protein).Rhodiola: A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain rhodioloside. This roseroot is unrelated to the familiar rose (ROSA). Some species in this genus are called stonecrop which is also a common name for SEDUM.WingFlowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Verbena: A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Members contain verbenachalcone (dimeric dihydrochalcone), iridoids, and phenylethanoids.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.Moths: Insects of the suborder Heterocera of the order LEPIDOPTERA.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Heliconiaceae: A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Psychopharmacology: The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Heliotropium: A plant genus in the family Boraginaceae, order Lamiales, subclass Asteridae. This is the True Heliotrope that should not be confused with an unrelated plant sometimes called Garden Heliotrope (VALERIAN).Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Football: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Hevea: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. Commercial natural RUBBER is mainly obtained from Hevea brasiliensis but also from some other plants.Hypochlorous Acid: An oxyacid of chlorine (HClO) containing monovalent chlorine that acts as an oxidizing or reducing agent.Phyllachorales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA characterized by stromatic perithecial forms in most species. Notable genera are Magnaporthe and Glomerella, the latter having the anamorph (mitosporic form) COLLETOTRICHUM.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Opuntia: A plant genus of the family CACTACEAE. Species with cylindrical joints are called Cholla; flat jointed ones are Prickly-pear.TurtlesKalanchoe: A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain bryophyllins (also called bryotoxins) which are bufadienolides (BUFANOLIDES) that have insecticidal activity.Gophers: The family Geomyidae of burrowing rodents, commonly called pocket gophers. There are six genera, all found in North America.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Williams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.WalesArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Glyceryl Ethers: Compounds in which one or more of the three hydroxyl groups of glycerol are in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol; one or two of the hydroxyl groups of glycerol may be esterified. These compounds have been found in various animal tissue.Newcastle disease virus: The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.EnglandVegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Floods: Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.Hysteria: Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Medical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Cemeteries: Areas set apart as burial grounds.IndianaBurial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Mortuary Practice: Activities associated with the disposition of the dead. It excludes cultural practices such as funeral rites.Embalming: Process of preserving a dead body to protect it from decay.

Dynamics of a mutualism in a multi-species context. (1/12)

Despite recent findings that mutualistic interactions between two species may be greatly affected by species external to the mutualism, the implications of such multi-species interactions for the population dynamics of the mutualists are virtually unexplored. In this paper, we ask how the mutualism between the shoot-base boring weevil Apion onopordi and the rust fungus Puccinia punctiformis is influenced by the dynamics of their shared host plant Cirsium arvense, and vice versa. In particular, we hypothesized that the distribution of the weevil's egg load between healthy and rust-infected thistles may regulate the abundance of the mutualists and their host plant. In contrast to our expectations we found that the dynamics of the mutualists are largely determined by the dynamics of their host. This is, to our knowledge, the first demonstration that the dynamics of a mutualism are driven by a third, non-mutualistic species.  (+info)

Flavonoid compounds from the flowers of Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. (2/12)

Seven flavonoid compounds: tricin, apigenin, luteolin, hispidulin, acacetin 7-O-beta-D-rutinoside (linarin), apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronide and apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucoside were isolated from the flowers of Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. Their structure were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods (UV, 1H NMR, 13C NMR) and comparison data of the literature. Six of them were isolated for the first time from this plant.  (+info)

Genome size variation in Central European species of Cirsium (Compositae) and their natural hybrids. (3/12)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nuclear DNA amounts of 12 diploid and one tetraploid taxa and 12 natural interspecific hybrids of Cirsium from 102 populations in the Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary were estimated. METHODS: DAPI and PI flow cytometry were used. KEY RESULTS: 2C-values of diploid (2n = 34) species varied from 2.14 pg in C. heterophyllum to 3.60 pg in C. eriophorum (1.68-fold difference); the 2C value for the tetraploid C. vulgare was estimated at 5.54 pg. The DNA contents of hybrids were located between the values of their putative parents, although usually closer to the species with the smaller genome. Biennial species of Cirsium possessed larger nuclear DNA amounts than their perennial relatives. Genome size was negatively correlated with Ellenberg's indicator values for continentality and moisture and with eastern limits of distribution. A negative relationship was also detected between the genome size and the tendency to form natural interspecific hybrids. On the contrary, C-values positively corresponded with the spinyness (degree of spinosity). AT frequency ranged from 48.38 % in C. eriophorum to 51.75 % in C. arvense. Significant intraspecific DNA content variation in DAPI sessions was detected in C. acaule (probably due to the presence of B-chromosomes), and in tetraploid C. vulgare. Only the diploid level was confirmed for the Pannonian C. brachycephalum, generally considered to be tetraploid. In addition, triploidy was discovered for the first time in C. rivulare. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable differences in nuclear DNA content exist among Central European species of Cirsium on the diploid level. Perennial soft spiny Cirsium species of wet habitats and continental distributions generally have smaller genomes. The hybrids of diploid species remain diploid, and their DNA content is smaller than the mean of the parents. Species with smaller genomes produce interspecific hybrids more frequently.  (+info)

Pectolinarin and Pectolinarigenin of Cirsium setidens Prevent the Hepatic Injury in Rats Caused by D-Galactosamine via an Antioxidant Mechanism. (4/12)

To identify the hepatoprotective component from the leaves of Cirsium setidens (Compositae), the methanolic extract was divided into two fractions, chloroform and butanol fractions, and their hepatoprotective efficacy was evaluated in a rat model of hepatic injury caused by D-galactosamine (GalN). Hepatoprotective activity was measured by the activity of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Glutathione metabolism was measured via biochemical parameters such as glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GR), gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels. We subjected the butanol fraction, which had higher activity, to column chromatography to yield pectolinarin, which was further hydrolyzed to yield pectolinarigenin. Administration (10, 20 mg/kg, p.o.) of the main flavonoid glycoside component, pectolinarin, and its aglycone, pectolinarigenin, for 2 weeks significantly decreased the activity levels of AST, ALT, ALP and LDH, indicating that the two compounds have hepatoprotective activity. Pectolinarin and pectolinarigenin also increased activity levels of GSH, GR, GCS, and GST, as well as SOD. The significant effect was only seen in SOD activity. This suggests that the two components exhibit hepatoprotective activity mainly via SOD antioxidant mechanism.  (+info)

Anti-inflammatory activity of pectolinarigenin and pectolinarin isolated from Cirsium chanroenicum. (5/12)

In order to identify the active anti-inflammatory ingredient(s) in Cirsium chanroenicum (Compositae), its methanol extract and several solvent fractions were prepared; the methanol extract and the ethylacetate fraction inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-mediated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)-mediated leukotriene (LT) production in lipopolysaccharide-treated RAW 264.7 cells and A23187-treated rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-1) cells, respectively. Further bioactivity-guided fractionation of the ethylacetate fraction using column chromatography led to the isolation of pectolinarigenin (5,7-dihydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyflavone), along with pectolinarin [pectolinarigenin 7-rhamnosyl-(1-->6)-glucoside]. Pectolinarigenin strongly inhibited COX-2-mediated PGE2 and 5-LOX-mediated LT production at >1 microM, indicating that it is a dual inhibitor of COX-2/5-LOX. However, pectolinarigenin did not affect COX-2 expression or nuclear transcription factor (NF-kappaB) activation. In addition, in vivo studies demonstrated that oral administration of these two compounds at 20-100 mg/kg resulted in similar inhibitory activities against several animal models of inflammation/allergy: arachidonic acid-induced mouse ear edema, carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. All of these results suggest that pectolinarigenin and pectolinarin possess anti-inflammatory activity and that they may inhibit eicosanoid formation in inflammatory lesions. These activities certainly contribute to the anti-inflammatory mechanism of C. chanroenicum.  (+info)

Body fat mass reduction and up-regulation of uncoupling protein by novel lipolysis-promoting plant extract. (6/12)

We have found natural products exhibiting lipolysis-promoting activity in subcutaneous adipocytes, which are less sensitive to hormones than visceral adipocytes. The activities and a action mechanisms of a novel plant extract of Cirsium oligophyllum (CE) were investigated in isolated adipocytes from rat subcutaneous fat, and its fat-reducing effects by peroral administration and topical application were evaluated in vivo. CE-induced lipolysis was synergistically enhanced by caffeine, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and was reduced by propranolol, a beta adrenergic antagonist. The peroral administration of 10% CE solution to Wistar rats for 32 days reduced body weight gain, subcutaneous, and visceral fat weights by 6.6, 26.2, and 3.0%, respectively, as compared to the control group. By the topical application of 2% of this extract to rats for 7 days, weight of subcutaneous fat in the treated skin was reduced by 23.2%. This fat mass reduction was accompanied by the up-regulation of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP), a principal thermogenic mitochondrial molecule related to energy dissipating, in subcutaneous fat and UCP3 in skin except for the fat layer. These results indicate that CE promotes lipolysis via a mechanism involving the beta adrenergic receptor, and affects the body fat mass. This fat reduction may be partially due to UCP up-regulation in the skin including subcutaneous fat. This is the first report showing that repeated lipolysis promotion through CE administration may be beneficial for the systematic suppression of body fat accumulation or the control of fat distribution in obesity.  (+info)

Performance of host-races of the fruit fly, Tephritis conura on a derived host plant, the cabbage thistle Cirsium oleraceum: implications for the original host shift. (7/12)

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Cirsium japonicum flavones enhance adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. (8/12)

Cirsium japonicum flavones have been demonstrated to possess anti-diabetic effects in diabetic rats, but the functional mechanism remains unknown. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays an important role in glucose and lipid homeostasis. In this study, we report the effects of Cirsium japonicum flavones (pectolinarin and 5,7-dihydroxy-6,4-dimethoxy flavone) on PPARgamma activation, adipocyte differentiation, and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. Reporter gene assays and Oil Red O staining showed that Cirsium japonicum flavones induced PPARgamma activation and enhanced adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, Cirsium japonicum flavones increased the expression of PPARgamma target genes, such as adiponectin and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and enhanced the translocation of intracellular GLUT4 to the plasma membrane. In mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, Cirsium japonicum flavones significantly enhanced the basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. The flavones-induced effects in 3T3-L1 cells were abolished by the PPARgamma antagonist, GW9662, and by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, wortmannin. This study suggests that Cirsium japonicum flavones promote adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake by inducing PPARgamma activation and then modulating the insulin signaling pathway in some way, which could benefit diabetes patients.  (+info)

*Cirsium

... palustre, Cirsium oleraceum. Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium ... mountain thistle Cirsium segetum Cirsium serrulatum Cirsium setidens - gondre or Korean thistle Cirsium spinosissimum Cirsium ... integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. mite Cirsium arvense var. vestitum Cirsium barnebyi - Barneby's thistle Cirsium ... meadow thistle Cirsium fontinale - fountain thistle Cirsium gilense - Gila thistle Cirsium grahamii - Graham's thistle Cirsium ...

*Cirsium lecontei

... grows to about 35-110 cm and has a taproot, sometimes with root sprouts. The plant is spiny and should be ... Cirsium lecontei occurs mostly in North Carolina but even there it appears to be rare. Its presence is also rare from South ... Cirsium lecontei occurs on the sandy pinelands of southern coastal plain in damp soil(where co-occurring species include Myrica ... The Plant List, Cirsium lecontei Torr. & A.Gray Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Keil, David J. & ...

*Cirsium ownbeyi

... The Nature Conservancy. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Cirsium ownbeyi. Flora of ... Cirsium ownbeyi is a rare North American species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common name Ownbey's ... Cirsium ownbeyi is a perennial herb growing 30 to 70 centimeters (12-28 inches) tall from a taproot and branched caudex. There ... Great Basin Naturalist 42(2): 200-201 Cirsium ownbeyi. Archived 2011-10-26 at the Wayback Machine. Center for Plant ...

*Cirsium parryi

The Plant List, Cirsium parryi (A.Gray) Petr. Cirsium parryi. The Nature Conservancy. Biota of North America Program 2014 ... Cirsium parryi is a biennial herb with a hairy stem growing up to 200 cm (80 inches) tall or more. The leaves are oblong or ... Cirsium parryi, or Parry's thistle, is a species of North American flowering plants in the aster family. It is native to the ... county distribution map Cirsium parryi. Flora of North America.. ...

*Cirsium pumilum

Varieties Cirsium pumilum var. hillii (Canby) B. Boivin - Great Lakes region, upper Mississippi Valley Cirsium pumilum var. ... Cirsium hillii Flora of North America, Pasture thistle, Cirsium pumilum (Nuttall) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 375. 1826.. ... Cirsium pumilum is a biennial or perennial herb up to 100 cm (40 inches) tall, blooming once before dying. It has leaf blades ... Cirsium pumilum, the pasture thistle, is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower family. ...

*Cirsium perplexans

... Flora of North America. Cirsium perplexans. NatureServe.. ... Cirsium perplexans is a species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common names Rocky Mountain thistle and ... The weevil Larinus planus has been released near the habitat of C. perplexans for the biological control of Cirsium arvense. It ... Cirsium perplexans (Rydb.) Petrak (Rocky Mountain thistle): A technical conservation assessment. [Online]. USDA Forest Service ...

*Cirsium discolor

The Plant List, Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng. "Cirsium discolor". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS ... Cirsium discolor, the field thistle, is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower family. It ... "Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng. field thistle". USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. USDA. Retrieved 14 ... Flora of North America, Field thistle, chardon discolore, Cirsium discolor (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Sprengel Dr. John Hilty. " ...

*Cirsium foliosum

... is a biennial or perennial herb up to 70 cm (28 inches) tall, blooming only once before dying. Leaves have ... Cirsium foliosum , also called leafy thistle, foliose thistle, elk thistle, or Evert's thistle, is a North American species of ... "Cirsium foliosum". The Plant List. (Hook.) DC. "Evert's or Elk Thistle". USDA Forest Service: Idaho Panhandle National Forests ... "Flora of North America, Cirsium foliosum (Leafy or foliose or elk thistle)". efloras.org. Truman C. Everts. ...

*Cirsium wrightii

The Plant List, Cirsium wrightii A.Gray Tropicos, Cirsium wrightii A. Gray Gray, Asa 1853. Smithsonian Contributions to ... This species is known to interact with Cirsium texanum and Cirsium vinaceum and some hybrids have even been spotted. Wright's ... Cirsium wrightii A. Gray "Petition to List the Wright's Marsh Thistle (Cirsium wrightii) under the US Endangered Species Act" ( ... Cirsium wrightii, or Wright's marsh thistle, is an endangered species of North American plants in the sunflower family. It is a ...

*Cirsium rydbergii

... is a large perennial herb sometimes reaching a height of 300 cm (10 feet). It has no or very few branches, ... Cirsium rydbergii, the alcove thistle, or Rydberg's thistle, is North American species of perennial plants in the sunflower ... The Plant List, Cirsium rydbergii Petr. Canyon Country Wildflowers, Damian Fagan, 2nd ed., 2012, Morris Bush Publishing, LLC. ...

*Cirsium eriophorum

... , the woolly thistle, is a herbaceous biennial species of the genus Cirsium. It is widespread across much of ... The Plant List, Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop. Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo lanoso, woolly thistle, Cirsium eriophorum (L.) ... Cirsium eriophorum, Wollköpfige Kratzdistel in German with photo Terra Alapítvány, Növény adatlap, Cirsium eriophorum, Gyapjas ... Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop. (Carduus eriophorus L.; Cnicus eriophorus (L.) Roth). Journal of Ecology 87:529-542 photo of ...

*Cirsium pulcherrimum

Varieties Cirsium pulcherrimum var. aridum (Dorn) D.J.Keil - Carbon, Fremont, + Sweetwater Counties in Wyoming Cirsium ... Cirsium pulcherrimum, the Wyoming thistle , is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower ... pulcherrimum - most of species range The Plant List, Cirsium pulcherrimum (Rydb.) K.Schum. Biota of North America Program 2014 ... Cirsium pulcherrimum is a perennial herb up to 90 cm (36 inches or 3 feet) tall, with a large taproot, blooming more than once ...

*Cirsium clavatum

clavatum - Colorado, Utah Cirsium clavatum var. osterhoutii (Rydb.) D.J.Keil - Colorado The Plant List, Cirsium clavatum (M.E. ... Varieties Cirsium clavatum var. americanum (A.Gray) D.J.Keil - Colorado, Utah, Wyoming Cirsium clavatum var. ... Cirsium clavatum is a biennial or perennial herb up to 100 cm (40 inches) tall, blooming only once before dying. Leaves have ... Cirsium clavatum, the Fish Lake thistle, is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower family ...

*Cirsium ochrocentrum

Varieties Cirsium ochrocentrum var. martinii (Barlow-Irick) D.J.Keil - Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico Cirsium ochrocentrum var. ... Cirsium ochrocentrum A. Gray CalFlora taxon report, University of California: Cirsium ochrocentrum Flora of North America ... Cirsium ochrocentrum is a species of thistle known by the common name yellowspine thistle. It is native to the Great Plains of ... The Plant List, Cirsium ochrocentrum A.Gray Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Flora of North America ...

*Cirsium durangense

Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 40: 51 as Cirsium ochrocentrum var. durangense Tropicos, Cirsium ... Cirsium durangense has pinnately lobed leaves with spines on the tips of the lobes. The leaves have a woolly covering when they ... Cirsium durangense, called Durango thistle , is Mexican species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower family. The ... The Plant List, Cirsium durangense (Greenm.) G.B.Ownbey Greenman, Jesse More 1904. ...

*Cirsium repandum

... is a biennial or perennial herb up to 80 cm (32 inches) tall. Leaves have small, narrow spines along the edges ... Cirsium repandum is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower family. Common names include ... The Plant List, Cirsium repandum Michx. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Flora of North America, ...

*Cirsium hookerianum

The Plant List, Cirsium hookerianum Nutt. Flora of North America, Hooker's or white thistle, Cirsium hookerianum Nutt. Biota of ... Cirsium hookerianum is biennial or perennial herb up to 150 cm (60 inches) tall, with a large taproot. Leaves are green on top ... Cirsium hookerianum, common name Hooker's thistle or white thistle, is a North American species of thistle native to western ...

*Cirsium pitcheri

The Plant List, Cirsium pitcheri (Torr. ex Eaton) Torr. & A.Gray Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map ... Cirsium pitcheri, sometimes called Pitcher's thistle or dune thistle, is a species of thistle native to sand dune shorelines ... The physician shipped the specimen to botanists who published and named it in his honor, Cirsium pitcheri. The Pitcher's ... Species Information Threatened and Endangered Animal and Plants Flora of North America, Dune or sand-dune thistle, Cirsium ...

*Cirsium mexicanum

Ceiba 19(1): 1-118 Tropicos, Cirsium mexicanum DC Czech Botany, pcháč / pichliač, Cirsium mexicanum photos with captions in ... Cirsium mexicanum DC. SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona Chapter, Cirsium mexicanum DC includes photos and Mexican ... Cirsium mexicanum is a Mesoamerican and Caribbean species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower family. Common ...

*Cirsium hydrophilum

The Plant List, Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jeps. Flora of North America, Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jepson, Fl. W. Calif. ... Tamalpais thistle, Vasey's thistle Jepson Manual Treatment - Cirsium hydrophilum The Nature Conservancy-NatureServe: Cirsium ... Cirsium hydrophilum is a species of thistle which is endemic to California, where it is found only in the San Francisco Bay ... Cirsium hydrophilum may reach 2 metres (6.6 ft) in height with a branching, cobwebby stem. The leaves are longest near the base ...

*Cirsium heterophyllum

... is a perennial herb. Unusually for a thistle, it lacks spines. The plant grows 45 to 120 cm tall, and ... Cirsium heterophyllum is a species of northern Europe and Central Asia. It is native in upland areas of Scotland and northern ... Cirsium heterophyllum, also known as melancholy thistle, is an erect spineless herb in the sunflower family. It is native to ... Cirsium dissectum (meadow thistle) is a more slender species. The plant was considered a possible cure for sadness. Nicholas ...

*Cirsium erisithales

Tropicos,Cirsium erisithales Biolib taxon profile Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo zampa d'orso, yellow thistle, Cirsium ... Cirsium erisithales can reach a height of 50-150 millimetres (2.0-5.9 in). The stems are erect, almost hairless. This plant has ... Cirsium erisithales grows in fresh wood (beech), rocky slopes, meadows and waters edge. It prefers calcareous or volcanic soils ... Cirsium erisithales, the yellow thistle or yellow melancholy thistle, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the thistle tribe ...

*Cirsium acaule

The Plant List, Cirsium acaule (L.) A.A.Weber ex Wigg Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo nano, Cirsium acaule includes photos and ... Cirsium acaule is a perennial herb. The leaves are a spreading rosette, spiny, 10 to 15 cm long. They are more or less hairy ... Cirsium acaule or acaulon has the English name dwarf thistle or stemless thistle. It is widespread across much of Europe. It is ...

*Cirsium undulatum

The Plant List, Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. Calflora taxon report, University of California, Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) ... Cirsium undulatum is a species of thistle known by the common names wavyleaf thistle and gray thistle. It is native to much of ... Cirsium undulatum is widespread and found in many habitat types. It is a perennial herb exceeding 200 cm (79 in) in height. The ... Cirsium undulatum has been shown to have its seed production reduced by an exotic weevil Larinus planus which was released to ...

*Cirsium nuttallii

... is a biennial or perennial herb up to 350 cm (almost 12 feet) tall, with a large taproot. Leaves are up to 60 ... Cirsium nuttallii, called Nuttall's thistle, is a North American species of plants in the thistle tribe within the sunflower ... The Plant List, Cirsium nuttallii DC. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Flora of North America, ... Nuttall's thistle, Cirsium nuttallii de Candolle Discover Life. ...
Looking for online definition of Cirsium incanum in the Medical Dictionary? Cirsium incanum explanation free. What is Cirsium incanum? Meaning of Cirsium incanum medical term. What does Cirsium incanum mean?
Cirsium palustre, the marsh thistle or European swamp thistle, is a herbaceous biennial species of the genus Cirsium. It is a tall thistle which reaches up to 2 metres in height. The strong stems have few branches and are covered in small spines. Wikipedia ...
13. Cirsium Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. vol. 1. 1754. Thistle, chardon [Greek kirsion, thistle] David J. Keil Annuals, biennials, or perennials, 5-400 cm, spiny. Stems (1-several) erect, branched or simple, sometimes narrowly spiny-winged. Leaves basal and cauline; finely bristly-dentate to coarsely dentate or 1-3 times pinnately lobed, teeth and lobes bristly-tipped, faces green and glabrous or densely gray-canescent, usually eglandular. Heads discoid, borne singly, terminal and in distal axils, or in racemiform, spiciform, subcapitate, paniculiform, or corymbiform arrays. ( Peduncles with ± reduced leaflike bracts.) Involucres cylindric to ovoid or spheric, (1-6 ×)1-8 cm. Phyllaries many in 5-20 series, subequal or weakly to strongly, outer and middle with bases appressed and apices spreading to erect, usually spine-tipped, innermost usually with erect, flat, often twisted, entire or dentate, usually spineless apices (distal portion of phyllary midveins in many species with elongate, ...
13. Cirsium Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. vol. 1. 1754. Thistle, chardon [Greek kirsion, thistle] David J. Keil Annuals, biennials, or perennials, 5-400 cm, spiny. Stems (1-several) erect, branched or simple, sometimes narrowly spiny-winged. Leaves basal and cauline; finely bristly-dentate to coarsely dentate or 1-3 times pinnately lobed, teeth and lobes bristly-tipped, faces green and glabrous or densely gray-canescent, usually eglandular. Heads discoid, borne singly, terminal and in distal axils, or in racemiform, spiciform, subcapitate, paniculiform, or corymbiform arrays. ( Peduncles with ± reduced leaflike bracts.) Involucres cylindric to ovoid or spheric, (1-6 ×)1-8 cm. Phyllaries many in 5-20 series, subequal or weakly to strongly, outer and middle with bases appressed and apices spreading to erect, usually spine-tipped, innermost usually with erect, flat, often twisted, entire or dentate, usually spineless apices (distal portion of phyllary midveins in many species with elongate, ...
Pictures of asteraceae wildflowers of West USA. Leaves and stem - cirsium vulgare in the Stanislaus National Forest, California. High resolution version
Biological Control: Several organisms have been intentionally introduced into the United States for Canada thistle control. However, no single agent has been successful at dramatically reducing infestations. Two agents have been released in California, Ceutorhyncus litura and Urophora cardui. However, establishment of both has been very poor with little impact. Neither insect is currently available. The female weevil Ceutorhyncus litura lays eggs underneath the Canada thistle leaves in early spring. Larvae bore into the main leaf vein, then down into the plants crown area. If the population is high enough, plant death can occur. However, infested plants are generally stressed and less vigorous. Ceutorhyncus alone will not effectively control Canada thistle. It must be combined with other methods to be successful. Combine the weevil with cultural techniques that allow for maximum desirable plant competition. Research to combine Ceutorhyncus with herbicides or mowing has not been conducted. The ...
Latin Name Common Name Strata Native? Acer rubrum red maple Tree/Shrub/Herbaceous YES Achillea millefolium yarrow; milfoil Herbaceous YES Agrimonia parviflora swamp agrimony Herbaceous YES Ambrosia artemisiifolia common ragweed Herbaceous YES Amelanchier Tree/Shrub/Herbaceous YES Apios americana ground nut Herbaceous YES Apocynum Herbaceous ? Apocynum cannabinum indian help; dogbane Herbaceous YES Asclepias purpurascens purple milkweed Herbaceous YES Asclepias syriaca common milkweed Herbaceous YES Asparagus officinalis asparagus Herbaceous NO Aster Herbaceous ? Betula papyrifera paper birch Tree YES Carex pensylvanica common oak sedge Herbaceous YES Carex vulpinoidea brown fox sedge Herbaceous YES Cirsium arvense field thistle; Canada thistle Herbaceous NO [invasive] Cirsium discolor pasture thistle Herbaceous YES Claytonia virginica spring beauty Herbaceous YES Conopholis americana cancer root Herbaceous YES Daucus carota wild carrot; Queen Annes lace Herbaceous NO [invasive] Dianthus armeria ...
Adult behavior: Adults (predominantly males) sip moisture from mud (Opler and Krizek 1984) - probably for sodium (Arms et al. 1974). Adults of both sexes sip nectar from flowers. Coastal sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia L.), pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata L.), and thistles (Cirsium spp.), are reported to be particularly attractive as nectar sources (Opler and Krizek 1984, Tyler 1975). Palamedes swallowtails are considered the primary pollinators of sandhill thistle (Cirsium repandum Michaux) (Theis and Raguso 2005) and orange-fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris (L.)Lindl.) (Chupp et al. 2015).. Many plants are valuable as nectar sources for Palamedes swallowtails. Minno and Minno (1999) have extensive lists of both native and exotic nectar plants for butterflies. Most states have native plant societies that are valuable sources of information on native plants and many also hold native plant sales. For a list and contact information for native plant societies, see the American Horticultural ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla ...
My experience of the flora of Lassen County, California, by Orrin C. Winton. Below: Viola beckwithii Torrey & A. Gray (Great Basin Violet). Please note, plant names (nomenclature) are in accordance with The Jepson Manual, 2nd Edition (2012) (TJM2 ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
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Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Mehmet Boğa, Pelin Köseoğlu Yilmaz, Deniz Bariş Cebe, Mashhad Fatima, Bina S Siddiqui, Ufuk Kolak].
Point Conception (145B) 3412044, Surf (171A) 3412065, Point Arguello (171C) 3412056, Tranquillon Mountain (171D) 3412055, Guadalupe (196A) 3412085, Point Sal (196B) 3412086, Casmalia (196D) 3412075, Pismo Beach (221B) 3512026, Oceano (221D) 3512015, Morro Bay South (247D) 3512037 ...
Cardopatium corymbosum is extraordinary and compelling for its hemispheres of deep-blue flowers http://www.greekflora.gr/el/flowers/1568/Cardopatium-corymbosum, and another Greek thistle, Carlina tragacanthifolia, for its uncompromising spinyness! These are hardly plants for any but true Mediterranean gardens which receive long hot and dry summers, but they reveal an underlying characteristic of thistles and one which can be a feature of similar but less severe situations in the UK, and particularly rock and gravel gardens.. So many thistles are plants of dry and arid landscapes and not of interest to any but the most adventurous and botanically-minded gardeners, willing to experiment. To counter this impression Steve Law finished his talk by looking at Eurasian mesic environments which do contain species much more relevant to many gardens in the UK. These plants - a well known example is Cirsium rivulare Atropurpureum, so widely grown and requiring quite moist and fertile soil - do have ...
i bought a plant that had lovely leaves, awful yellow flowers, but it became very invasive. SINACALIA...................... other plants I have that I have dug out clumps most years, are. Achillea the Pearl, Crocosmia lucifer, (which is allowed to stay in but in small clumps), also Elymus magellanicus, Kentucky blue grass. Carex Bronze Comans. Most of the hardy Geraniums especially Kaffir white. Persicaria firetail, and Southcombe white, Euphobia Fens Ruby, Darmera peltiphyllum quickly became a thug, but it is in an area where it looks ok. Sasa 4 bamboo. Rosa Rugosa, I have to prune out sections monthly. Rosa Bobby James, from a cutting five years ago, it is not only over my 30 workshop wall and roof, but is also going up into an ash tree and would be off down the field if I let it. Verbascum Chiaxii self seeds everywhere. Echinops self seeds, but the worst offender is a Cirsium rivulare, I grew from seed, hoping it would be cerise, turned out to be an awful wishy washy lilac. That has ...
Body and ambient temperatures (Ta) of a bees short foraging stay on Aster sp. (1, symbols), a stay of medium duration on Cirsium oleraceum (2, dotted lines) an
Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare (savi) tenore) is a biennial forb that was introduced to North America as a seed contaminant and is now widespread. Gumdrop-shaped flowers are pinkish to dark purple in color and 1 ½ to 2 inches in diameter. The flower bracts are somewhat tapered and covered with spines. Seeds are capped with a circle of plume-like white hairs. Leaves are alternate. In Colorado, Bull thistles are the only species that are prickly hairy on the top and are cottony-hairy on the undersides of the leaves. In mature plants the leaves extend down, clasping the stem and are divided into segments. The plant has a short, fleshy taproot with several primary roots extending from the root crown. Seed leaves are round to spatulate, and smooth. Mature plants can produce up to 4,000 seeds per plant.. Bull thistle fact sheet ...
The bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare) is a spiny biennial weed found in pastures, along roadsides and croplands across the United States. The plant grows 2 to 7 feet in height in a rosette form. The foliage is spiny. The bull thistle is native to Europe, Asia and Africa. The weed was introduced to the United States in ...
Citation: Bodo Slotta, T.A., Foley, M.E., Chao, S., Hufbauer, R., Horvath, D.P. 2010. Assessing genetic diversity of Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) in North America with microsatellites. Weed Science. 58:387-394. Interpretive Summary: Canada thistle is an invasive weed. This paper defines/identifies the level of genetic diversity in nearly 100 different Canada thistle populations from 22 different states and one Canadian province. The study found that there is significant movement of Canada thistle genotypes and considerable genetic diversity both within and between populations. The study also found that most populations spread by sexual reproduction rather than by vegetative reproduction. Both of these facts will impact effectiveness of various strategies to control this invasive weed. There is less genetic diversity in N. American populations than there are in populations from England suggesting that the English population was established well before the N. American population. Technical ...
CHICAGO -- Pitchers thistle, whose fuzzy leaves and creamy pink puffs once thrived in the sand dunes along several of the Great Lakes, was driven by development, drought and weevils into virtual extinction from the shores of Lake Michigan decades ago.. In the article, Dr. Kayri Havens and Dr. Pati Vitt discuss why the Chicago Botanic Garden is seeking permits to test the concept of assisted migration with this federally threatened thistle (Cirsium pitcherii) by pushing it into new, colder territory along the shores of Lake Ontario. "It may be the best test case for moving an individual species outside its range," Dr. Vitt said. This work is connected to the Seeds of Success program, an effort to seed bank multiple populations of 14,000 plant species in the United States for future restoration and research, particularly in a era of rapidly changing climates. The Seeds of Success project is managed by the Bureau of Land Management and carried out in partnership with botanic gardens and other ...
Has no innate dispersal mechanism, but is thought to be spread along interstates by vehicles, by wind tunnels created by paved roads, and on mowing equipment. In some areas may be spread by birds and with horticultural use (The Effects of Fertilization and Time of Cutting on Regeneration and Seed Production of Dipsacus laciniatus (Dipsacacae)). Highways facilitate dispersal of this species (Cutleaf Teasel (Dipsacus laciniatus): Seed Development and Persistence). Dispersal along roads and waterways has been important to teasel spread in North America. On the Lincoln National Forest in central New Mexico, all common teasel populations in habitats occupied by the threatened endemic, Sacramento Mountain thistle (Cirsium vinaceum), occurred adjacent to roads (P,0.0001). In Missouri, teasel populations have skyrocketed since the early 1990s. Populations have spread primarily along highways, and researchers suggest that right-of-way mowing operations have been important to seed spread. Since about ...
Most Wasatch Front wet meadows are found adjacent to valley rivers, ponds, or other valley floor wet areas and are most easily recognized by an abundance of Russian olive trees as well as other plants such as milkweed, (Asclepias speciosa,) bull thistles, (Cirsium vulgare,) wild licorice, (Glycyrrhiza lepidota,) joe-pye weed, (Eupatorium maculatum,) cinquefoil, (Potentilla spp.,) stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica,) sandbar willow, (Salix exigua,) saltcedar, (Tamerisk ramosissima), common reed, (Phragmites australis,) canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea,) and others.. Monarchs, which is one of Northern Utahs migratory species, are especially attracted to wet meadows. Adults of the monarch especially prefer to roost in Russian olive trees to escape the heat of the day. In fact, female Monarchs will often lay their eggs on the milkweeds adjacent to these Russian olive trees as well on milkweeds near nectar sources. Special note: There are small colonies of Bairds Swallowtails, (Papilio bairdi) that ...
A bit northeast of Thamesville is a prairie patch along a railway. Fortunately it is right at a road intersection, so it is easily accessible. I use the term prairie loosely here, as the prairie vegetation is made up mostly of forbs...there are virtually no prairie grasses present, some of which should be there if it is really a prairie. Some of the prairie plant highlights known from this site include Yellow Ladies-tresses (Spiranthes ochroleuca) and Prairie Cinquefoil (Potentilla arguta). Unfortunately neither have been seen in recent years, although they could still be present. The time of my visit was a little early for the former species, and a little late for the latter one. Other prairie type species which are present include Foxglove Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis), Prairie Thistle (Cirsium discolor ...
The aim of this project is to explore these two alternatives by quantifying existing patterns of occurrence and impacts of insect herbivores on Cirsium arvense by experimentally testing for direct and indirect effects of non-overlapping insect herbivore guilds on plant performance and population density and build integral projection model describing the population dynamics of the species to model the demographic consequences of these data. This research will contribute to development of safe, effective weed management that will limit the invasiveness of weedy and exotic plants ...
Original chromosome observations including 29 species from 19 families are reported. Of these, the chromosome numbers, for 6 taxa including, Cirsium hygrophilum (Asteraceae), Matthiola longipetala subsp. bicornis (Brassicaceae), Dianthus orientalis subsp. nassireddini (Caryophyllaceae), Phlomis bruguieri, Salvia leriifolia, Teucrium oliverianum (Lamiaceae) are new observations. Also, new tetraploid level of n=24 for Asyneuma amplexicaule (Campanulaceae) and new diploid level of n=9 for Euphorbia microsciadia (Euphorbiaceae) are reported here for the first time.
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acer ( 28 ) achillea ( 20 ) aconitum ( 23 ) acorus ( 1 ) actaea ( 7 ) adiantum ( 1 ) aesculus ( 3 ) agastache ( 10 ) ageratina ( 3 ) aika ( 34 ) aita ( 5 ) ajuga ( 2 ) akebia ( 9 ) alcea ( 13 ) alchemilla ( 1 ) allium ( 79 ) alnus ( 1 ) alopecurus ( 7 ) alppipenkki ( 3 ) amelanchier ( 11 ) anaphalis ( 10 ) anemone ( 58 ) angelica ( 6 ) antennaria ( 1 ) anthemis ( 1 ) anthericum ( 6 ) anthriscus ( 9 ) aquilegia ( 53 ) arisaema ( 5 ) arisarum ( 2 ) armeria ( 10 ) aronia ( 1 ) artemisia ( 10 ) arum ( 5 ) asarum ( 1 ) aster ( 18 ) astilboides ( 3 ) astrantia ( 10 ) athyrium ( 13 ) bellevalia ( 2 ) bellis ( 1 ) berberis ( 3 ) berkheya ( 1 ) betula ( 1 ) bistorta ( 6 ) blogit ( 184 ) briza ( 5 ) brugmansia ( 19 ) brunnera ( 27 ) bulbocodium ( 9 ) butomus ( 4 ) buxus ( 9 ) calamagrostis ( 5 ) caltha ( 11 ) camassia ( 8 ) campanula ( 14 ) carex ( 21 ) catanache ( 2 ) centaurea ( 34 ) centranthus ( 5 ) cephalaria ( 5 ) cercidiphyllum ( 1 ) chaenomeles ( 3 ) chamaemelum ( 1 ) cichorium ( 14 ) cirsium ( 12 ...
acer ( 28 ) achillea ( 20 ) aconitum ( 23 ) acorus ( 1 ) actaea ( 7 ) adiantum ( 1 ) aesculus ( 3 ) agastache ( 10 ) ageratina ( 3 ) aika ( 34 ) aita ( 5 ) ajuga ( 2 ) akebia ( 9 ) alcea ( 13 ) alchemilla ( 1 ) allium ( 79 ) alnus ( 1 ) alopecurus ( 7 ) alppipenkki ( 3 ) amelanchier ( 11 ) anaphalis ( 10 ) anemone ( 58 ) angelica ( 6 ) antennaria ( 1 ) anthemis ( 1 ) anthericum ( 6 ) anthriscus ( 9 ) aquilegia ( 53 ) arisaema ( 5 ) arisarum ( 2 ) armeria ( 10 ) aronia ( 1 ) artemisia ( 10 ) arum ( 5 ) asarum ( 1 ) aster ( 18 ) astilboides ( 3 ) astrantia ( 10 ) athyrium ( 13 ) bellevalia ( 2 ) bellis ( 1 ) berberis ( 3 ) berkheya ( 1 ) betula ( 1 ) bistorta ( 6 ) blogit ( 184 ) briza ( 5 ) brugmansia ( 19 ) brunnera ( 27 ) bulbocodium ( 9 ) butomus ( 4 ) buxus ( 9 ) calamagrostis ( 5 ) caltha ( 11 ) camassia ( 8 ) campanula ( 14 ) carex ( 21 ) catanache ( 2 ) centaurea ( 34 ) centranthus ( 5 ) cephalaria ( 5 ) cercidiphyllum ( 1 ) chaenomeles ( 3 ) chamaemelum ( 1 ) cichorium ( 14 ) cirsium ( 12 ...
Bakker, D. (1960) A comparative life-history of Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop, and Tussilago farfara L., the most troublesome weeds in the newly reclaimed polders of the former Zuiderzee. In: The Biology of Weeds (Ed. by J. L.Harper), pp. 205-222. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford ...
The work presented in this thesis explores the potential role of bacteria in the arsenic cycle an agricultural soil from Scarlino (Tuscany), and a soil from Torviscosa (Fiuli), pyrite cinders contaminated. Both soils contained high levels of total arsenic. The soil of Scarlino contained 250 mg kg-1, mainly associated to iron oxides (70% of the total), while the labile forms were 10% of the total. Total As in the soil of Torviscosa was 446 mg kg-1, mainly present in the residual phase (50% of the total), while the labile forms represented 15% of the total. This thesis started to investigate the presence of rhizobacteria associated to Cirsium arvense (L.), a wild plant present in the soil of Scarlino, with the aim to isolate and characterize As-resistant bacteria with potential plant growth promoting characteristics and potentially involved in As transformations. FISH analysis of the rhizobacterial community of C. arvense revealed the presence mainly of Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria and ...
QUESTION: What was once blue-green St. Augustine grass is now yellowing in patches. A brownish spot on the foliage appears to be causing the decline. What will save my lawn?ANSWER: Gray leaf spot, a
I am a diversity and speciation researcher with evolutionary genomics and biogeography expertise and a background in evolutionary ecology. Broadly, my research strives to identify how variation arises and the processes by which it sorts into new species, as well as which ecological settings and factors that promote these processes. I use study systems including Podarcis wall lizards and the hybrid species Italian sparrow, shedding light on different components of the speciation process to gain a broad understanding of the phenomenon. My main current study system consists of host plant subspecies of the fly Tephritis conura with different ecologies to address how the multifarious selection pressures on independent characters in genomically unlinked regions that change simultaneously during niche shifts mold the phenotype and genome, and its consequences for diversity.
Regulatory differences across jurisdictions can be costly for traders. While these costs may reflect variations in domestic conditions and preferences, they may also be the result of rule-making processes working in isolation and of a lack of consideration for the international environment. Thus, some of the trade costs of regulatory divergence may be avoided without compromising the quality of regulatory protection. Building on lessons learnt from OECD analytical work and the experiences of OECD countries in regulatory policy and trade, this report proposes a definition of trade costs of regulatory divergence and analyses various approaches to addressing them, including unilateral, bilateral and multilateral approaches. It focuses on the contribution of good regulatory practices, the adoption of international standards, and the use of cross-border recognition frameworks and trade agreements. Based on this, the report provides indications for policy makers on how to reduce trade costs through ...
The world is becoming increasingly global. This raises important challenges for regulatory processes which still largely emanate from domestic jurisdictions. In order to eliminate unnecessary regulatory divergences and to address global challenges pertaining to systemic risks, the environment, and human health and safety, governments increasingly seek to better articulate regulations across borders and to ensure greater enforcement of rules and their application across jurisdictions.. This report gathers in a synthetic manner the knowledge and evidence available to date on the various mechanisms available to governments to promote regulatory co-operation, and their benefits and challenges. The review of evidence confirms the increased internationalisation of regulation, which takes place through a wide variety of mechanisms and multiple actors, and highlights a shift in the nature of IRC from complete harmonisation of regulation to more flexible options - such as mutual recognition agreements. ...
This European moth was first noticed in the Vancouver area in 1982. It is now one of the most frequently encountered noctuids in suburban habitats in Victoria. The caterpillars can be found by flashlight at night, in March and April, feeding on various herbaceous plants, but it seems to have a special preference for Rumex crispus, yet strangely I have had caterpillars that were found on Rumex crispus refuse leaves of the similar Rumex obtusifolia. Nevertheless, I have found them on a variety of plants, including grasses, Calendula, Cardamine, Cirsium, Plantago, Digitalis, Fragaria, Potentilla anserina, Cornus stolonifera, Myosotis, Primula and even the poisonous (to humans) Conium maculatum. The caterpillar can be recognized by the pair of triangular black marks on each of the last two segments ...
This "Hydrangea Drawings With Blue Purple Flowers Green Grey Leaves" Image is dominated by 20 beautiful colors such as Silver, Uniform Grey, Sunny Pavement, Windsor, Tin, Steel, Kentucky, Kickstart Purple, Purple Corallite, Co Pilot, Thamar Black, Kettleman, Vallarta Blue, Pig Iron, Night Fog, Black Cat, Jordy Blue, Genestealer Purple, Bright Midnight Blue, High Elf Blue. This image looks so awesome with this color combination ...
GO:0010721. Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of the progression of the cell over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Cell development does not include the steps involved in committing a cell to a specific fate. ...
GO:0050821. Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a protein and preventing it from degradation or aggregation. ...
To clarify the phylogenetic relationships of Carthamus species, we performed sequence analysis of the nuclear stearoyl acyl carrier protein desaturase (SACPD) gene and the chloroplast intergenic spacer region between leucine and phenylalanine tRNA genes (trnL-trnF IGS) in 13 taxa of Carthamus. The previous division of the genus into 4 taxonomic sections and allocation of particular genomes to various taxa on the basis of morphological, cytogenetic, and biosystematic analyses is not supported by the present study. Our results provide evidence of the occurrence of 5 nuclear genomes (A, B, C, X, and Y) and 3 cytoplasm types (A, B, and C) in the genus Carthamus. The cultivated safflower, C. tinctorius (2n = 24), has the B genome and type B cytoplasm. Both of these are not present in the polyploid taxa. This contradicts the earlier view that one of the genomes involved in the origin of the polyploid taxa of Carthamus is the B genome. Comparison with an outgroup species (Cirsium japonicum) indicated ...
Define Atractylodes lancea. Atractylodes lancea synonyms, Atractylodes lancea pronunciation, Atractylodes lancea translation, English dictionary definition of Atractylodes lancea. n. 1. Any of numerous often weedy plants of several genera of the composite family, including Cirsium, Carduus, and Onopordum, having prickly leaves and...
In the total volume of pesticides applied in Belarus, herbicides make 70-75% and the decrease of volumes of application of the indicated pesticide group is not supposed. Knowing about the acquired resistance of many weed plants to symtriazine herbicides in Belarus after the accident in the Chernobyl nuclear power station this group of herbicides is not applied. In the nearest future, atrazine-based herbicides will be prohibited. In connection with the fact that starting with fifties of the past Century and up to now, the herbicides 2,4-D and MCPA group are applied to which Elytrigia repens [Elymus repens], Tripleurospermum inodora [Matricaria perforata], Polygonum spp., Galeopsis spp., Viola spp., Sonchus arvensis, Cirsium arvense, Artemisia spp., Taraxacum spp., Melandrium album [Silene latifolia subp. alba], Vicia cracca, Matricaria spp., Stellaria media, Myosotis arvensis, Spergula sativa, Poa annua, Apera spica-venti, Echinochloa crus-galli and other weeds are resistant. The Herbology ...
Arnica montana L. is an endangered species rich in sesquiterpene lactones, phenolic acids and flavonoids with high pharmaceutical value. The polyphenolic content and free radical scavenging activity of plants that had passed all stages of cultivation: micropropagation and rooting (in vitro), adaptation in greenhouse (ex vitro) and mountain conditions (in vivo) were evaluated. Four surface flavonoid aglycones [scutellarein 6-methyl ether (hispidulin), scutellarein 6,4-dimethyl ether (pectolinarigenin), 6-OH luteolin 6-methyl ether and kempferol-6-methyl ether] were detected in the acetone exudates of the studied samples bymeans of thin layer chromatography.No differences in the accumulation of surface flavonoids were found among the tested leaf extracts of in vitro, ex vitro and in vivo samples. However, the extracts from the flowers were richer in surface flavonoids than extracts from the leaves. The methanol extracts of the samples from ex vitro and in vivo grown A. montana plants had ...
HealthDay News) Hepatic fat accumulation may play a causal role in chronic liver disease, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.. Paola Dongiovanni, from the Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Policlinico Milano in Italy, and colleagues examined whether the accumulation of hepatic fat has a causal role in determining liver damage and insulin resistance. A Mendelian randomization analysis was performed using risk alleles and a polygenic risk score for hepatic fat. Complementary cohorts of at-risk individuals and individuals from the general population were assessed: 1,515 from the liver biopsy cohort (LBC), 3,329 from the Swedish Obese Subjects Study (SOS), and 4,570 from the Dallas Heart Study.. The researchers found that there was an epidemiologic correlation for hepatic fat with liver damage, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The effect of genetic variants on liver damage was proportional to their impact on the accumulation of ...
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The objective of the trial was to evaluate foliar fungicides and application timings for crop response and foliar disease efficacy. Irrigated corn was grown based on Nebraska Extension irrigation recommendations at the South Central Ag Lab near Clay Center, NE. Soils were a silt loam with 6.7 pH and 1.8 % OM and the previous crop was soybean. Reduced tillage was performed to the field prior to planting. Corn (DKC 65-79 RIB, tolerant to grey leaf spot (GLS)) was planted at approximately 34,000 seed/A on 26 May. Seven treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with six replications. . . . Phytotoxicity was not observed from any fungicide treatment. GLS and SR severity was significantly less when plots were treated at R1, except for Aproach Prima, compared to the V8 fungicide application and the non-treated check. Plots treated with Trivapro A + B at R1 had significantly less SR severity than all other treatments. Plots treated with Priaxor had significantly greater percent stay green
The globin gene superfamily as a model system. A second area of research is geared towards understanding the role of gene duplication and whole-genome duplication in the evolution of key physiological innovations. Gene duplication is thought to play an extremely important role in the evolution of novel protein and pathway functions. However, there is still much debate about the specific evolutionary mechanisms that are responsible for the initial retention and subsequent functional divergence of duplicated genes. The globin gene superfamily is an ideal model system for investigating these issues because it is one of the most intensively studied multigene families from the standpoint of molecular genetics and phylogenetic history. The globin gene families also provide an excellent example of the kind of physiological versatility that can be attained through functional and regulatory divergence of duplicated genes that encode different subunit polypeptides of the same multimeric protein. For ...
Gray leaf spot, caused by Cercospora zeae-maydis, is one of the most destructive foliar diseases of maize worldwide. C. zeae-maydis orients hyphal growth towards stomata (stomatal tropism) and forms infectious structures (appressoria) that are necessary for successful infection. Although some genes involved in pathogenesis in C. zeae-maydis have been identified, the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. In fungi, heterotrimeric G-proteins consist of three subunits (α, β, and γ) and mediate responses to environmental stimuli. They regulate diverse functions, including nutrient detection, virulence, fungal development, conidiation, secondary metabolism, and pathogenesis in many plant pathogenic fungi. This research explored the role of each G-protein α (Gpα) subunit of C. zeae-maydis in pathogenesis. To this end, the three Gpα subunits identified in C. zeae-maydis were functionally characterized. All three Gpα genes were required for appressorium formation and pathogenesis. Additionally,
Gene duplication is prevalent in many species and can result in coding and regulatory divergence. Gene duplications can be classified as whole genome duplication (WGD), tandem and inserted (non-syntenic). In maize, WGD resulted in the subgenomes maize1 and maize2, of which maize1 is considered the dominant subgenome. However, the landscape of co-expression network divergence of duplicate genes in maize is still largely uncharacterized. To address the consequence of gene duplication on co-expression network divergence, we developed a gene co-expression network from RNA-seq data derived from 64 different tissues/stages of the maize reference inbred-B73. WGD, tandem and inserted gene duplications exhibited distinct regulatory divergence. Inserted duplicate genes were more likely to be singletons in the co-expression networks, while WGD duplicate genes were likely to be co-expressed with other genes. Tandem duplicate genes were enriched in the co-expression pattern where co-expressed genes were nearly
This is a more compact wild relative (ancestor?) of the culinary cardoon, with deeply cut silver grey leaves heavily armed with contrasting ivory (flavescens = yellowish) needles. The large inflorescences are also fiercely spiky and mottled and the florets are of a deep violet blue. The whole plant grows to about 4ft across and about the same in height at flowering time ...
Blister beetle, (family Meloidae), any of approximately 2,500 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that secrete an irritating substance, cantharidin, which is collected mainly from Mylabris and the European species Lytta vesicatoria, commonly called Spanish fly. Cantharidin is used
Corn, turkeys, tomatoes, potatoes, peanuts, and sunfwower seeds constitute some of de major howdovers from de agricuwturaw endowment of de Americas.. European agricuwturaw practices greatwy affected de New Engwand wandscape. Cowonists brought wivestock over from Europe which caused many changes to de wand. Grazing animaws reqwired a wot of wand and food and de act of grazing itsewf destroyed native grasses, which were being repwaced by European species. New species of weeds were introduced and began to drive as dey were capabwe of widstanding de grazing of animaws, whereas native species couwd not.[4]. The practices associated wif keeping wivestock awso contributed to de deterioration of de forests and fiewds. Cowonists wouwd cut down de trees and den awwow deir cattwe and wivestock to graze freewy in de forest and never pwant more trees. The animaws trampwed and tore up de ground so much as to cause wong-term destruction and damage.[4]. Soiw exhaustion was a huge probwem in New Engwand ...
Natures Way Hawthorn Berries sed for well-being and as a cardiovascular tonic. Hawthorn berries of this European species have been used since ancient times.
Funk, V. A., Anderberg, A. A., Baldwin, B. G., Bayer, R. J., Bonifacino, J. M., Breitwieser, I., Brouillet, L., Carbajal, R., Chan, R., Coutinho, A. X. P., Crawford, D. J., Crisci, J. V., Dillon, M. O., Freire, S. E., Galbany-Casals, M., Garcia-Jacas, N., Gemeinholzer, B.,Gruenstaeudl, M., Hansen, H. V., Himmelreich, S., Kadereit, J. W., Källersjö, M., Karaman-Castro, V., Karis, P. O., Katinas, L., Keeley, S. C., Kilian, N., Kimball, R. T., Lowrey, T. K., Lundberg, J., McKenzie, R. J., Tadesse, M., Mort, M. E., Nordenstam, B., Oberprieler, C., Ortiz, S., Pelser, P. B.,Randle, C. P., Robinson, H., Roque, N., Sancho, G.,Semple, J. C., Serrano, M., Stuessy, T. F., Susanna, A., Unwin, M., Urbatsch, L., Urtubey, E., Vallès, J., Vogt, R., Wagstaff, S., Ward, J. & Watson, L. E. Compositae metatrees: the next generation - In: Funk; V. A., Susanna, A., Stuessy, T. F. & Bayer, R. J. (eds.) Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of Compositae., pp. 747-777. IAPT ...
Type 2 diabetes may reduce life expectancy and patients quality of life due to its micro- and macro-vascular complications and to the higher risk of several types of cancer. An emerging important factor is represented by the hepatic involvement; it is recognized that excessive hepatic fat accumulation represents a typical feature of diabetic patients and that it also plays an important pathogenic role. It is now evident that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), generally perceived as a benign condition, may have on the contrary an important deleterious impact for diabetic patients increasing the risk to develop cardiovascular complications but also serious hepatic diseases, in particular non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Professor for public law with a focus on the law of the sea at the CAU Kiel and head of the working group on "Law of the Sea" of the Kiel "Future Ocean" Excellence Cluster. In his research, Prof. Proelss focuses on the international law of the sea and international environmental law as well as on selected areas of European law and constitutional law. His current activities include a number of projects in the areas of the law of the sea and international environmental law (i.a. on Common Fisheries Policy, European species protection, and climate engineering). , web ...
Japans largest platform for academic e-journals: J-STAGE is a full text database for reviewed academic papers published by Japanese societies
Multi-Species Probiotics Reviews and other Reviews of Nutritional Supplements and Merchants Plus Related Resources Including a 2018 Buying Guide. Healthy Learning for Healthy Living.
Pilot Study for the vitro evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Varthemia Iphionoides Boiss (Family Compositae) crude extracts in treatment of topical skin bacterial and fungal infections ...
Yields of dent hybrids have progressively increased from 36.9 bu/acre in 1951 to about 113 bu/acre in 1982 and are currently at a national average close to 170 bu/acre. Production practices have also changed considerably in the past 50 years, primarily in the interest of soil and water conservation. Minimum tillage is a conservation practice in which growers usually work the fields in the spring and incorporate crop residue into the top 2 to 6 inches of soil. Many pathogens have been shown to survive in the debris for up to at least one year (Sturz et al. 1997). This production practice could lead to increased residue-borne foliar diseases in corn fields (Wise and Mueller 2011).. Management of fungal diseases on corn (IPM). Several foliar diseases predominate in the U. S. Corn Belt, including gray leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis), northern corn leaf blight (Setosphaera turcica), anthracnose leaf blight (Colletotrichum graminicola), common rust (Puccinia sorghi), and eyespot (Kabatiella zeae), ...
Description: A leaf cutter bee (Anthidium manicatum, Megachilidae) foraging on lambs ear (Stachys byzantina, Lamiaceae). This is a European species that has apparently been introduced into the western Hemisphere, where it is now found from North America down through much of South America. Taxonomy and distribution info provided by Gary Parsons. During a Lilly Teaching Fellows retreat. Detroit, MI. August 17, 2002 ...
Current understanding of earthworm invasions in North America is founded on studies of European species belonging to a single family (Lumbricidae); the ecological effects of taxa from other regions ar
FAN Shimin~1,YANG Yufen~(1, 2),GAI Guosheng~(1,*),FU Shaoyun~3,ZHANG Yihe~3,MIAO Hezhuo~1 (1. Powder Technology R & D Group, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China ; 2. School of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China; 3. Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China) ...
Andalucia Blooms Breeds Daytime: 2 assigned downloads, like Sunflower field Helianthus annuus, Costa de la Luz, Cdiz Province, Andalusia, Spain from stock-photos
ALABASTRO, EDGARDO GARCIA. "THE STEADY-STATE CHARACTERISTICS AND THE APPARENT KINETICS OF A MULTI-SPECIES BIOLOGICAL REACTION SYSTEM." (1968) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/14415 ...
Swedish Botanist Karl Linnaeus named chrysanthemums, originating in Asia, in 1753. There are so many varieties of mums, from the Compositae family, that a classification system was developed to help with identification. Mums can be grown from seed, cuttings or clump division and thrive in locations providing full sun ...
Renault used the CURIE supercomputer for performing the biggest multi-physics car optimization study ever made, with hundreds of crash simulations. This study provided Renault with unprecedented results in mass reduction, CO2 limitation, safety improvement, and will be key in fulfilling future EuroNCAP6 safety rules. ...
Renault used the CURIE supercomputer for performing the biggest multi-physics car optimization study ever made, with hundreds of crash simulations. This study provided Renault with unprecedented results in mass reduction, CO2 limitation, safety improvement, and will be key in fulfilling future EuroNCAP6 safety rules. ...
VitaDigest offer Thistle Cleanse 30 Vcaps , Product Review For Zand Formula and Information, Exclusive Reivews for Thistle Cleanse 30 Vcaps Zand
There are approximately 4,000 different flavonoid compounds found in foods, but not all vegetables or fruits contain the same ones.
Common Name The Leaf-Riding Maxilllaria Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm] Found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru as well as Venezuela, Brazil and Bolivia, in wet montane forests at an altitude of 200 to 1500 metersas a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing, caespitose, pseudobulbless epiphyte with an erect stem carrying many fleshy, bilaterally flattened, straight or recurved leaves which in youth is fully covered and with age, only has leaves towards the apex and has old grey leaf bases below. This species blooms in the spring and fall on a short, axillary, single flowered inflorescence arising from and held near the leaf axils. This species has a decided Vandanaceous or giant equitant-look to it as it has no pseudobulbs and has bilaterally compressed, imbricating leaves. Synonyms *Camaridium equitans Schltr. 1920; Camaridium vandiforme Schltr. 1925; Heterotaxis equitans (Schltr.) Ojeda & Carnevali 2005; Marsupiaria equitans (Schltr.) Hoehne 1947; Marsupiaria mattogrossensis (Brade) Hoehne 1947; ...
All non-African species belong to a clade that probably originated in Asia. Here, Bayesian and parsimony analyses produced congruent topologies. Of the four investigated European species, three are present also in Africa (E. major, E. fragilis, and E. campylopoda) and they belong to the basal grade/clade of African species. The European species Ephedra distachya has a broad distribution extending from Spain to Russia and China, but is absent in Africa. The two representatives of E. distachya included in this study are highly supported within one of the Asian clades. According to our results, Ephedra procera, which is generally considered a subspecies of E. major, is instead related to Ephedra equisetina. This finding should be further investigated with a more extensive species sampling. New World species are monophyletic and may have originated from within the Asian clade. They comprise two well-supported groups: a South American and a North American clade. Dry membranous bracts occur in the ...
4 th Central European Forum for Microbiology PROGRAMME Hotel Helikon Keszthely, Lake Balaton, Hungary October 16-18, 2013 PROGRAMME of the 4 th Central European Forum for Microbiology hosted by the Hungarian
Oxolin information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Central European Pharmaceutical Company, Oxolin indications, usages and related health products lists
How to Get Rid of Thistles. Thistles are very stubborn weeds, and if you do not catch them early on, they could take years to get rid of. With enough persistence, however, it is entirely possible to keep thistle in check without having to...
Due to decisions by both the Austrian and Hungarian governments in response to COVID-19, all classes have been moved online with immediate effect. Also, all events scheduled to take place on CEU premises have been cancelled until further notice. Read more ...
Thistle Scientific , DFDS House Goldie Road Uddingston Glasgow G71 6PB. Tel: +44 (0) 1698 338844 , Fax: +44 (0) 1698 338880 , Contact Us. © 2004-2017 Thistle Scientific ...
Sequencing the transcriptome can answer various questions such as determining the transcripts expressed in a given species for a specific tissue or condition, evaluating differential expression, discovering variants, and evaluating allele-specific expression. Differential expression evaluates the expression differences between different strains, tissues, and conditions. Allele-specific expression evaluates expression differences between parental alleles. Both differential expression and allele-specific expression have been studied for heterosis (hybrid vigor), where the hybrid has improved performance over the parents for one or more traits. The Allele Workbench software was developed for a heterosis study that evaluated allele-specific expression for a mouse F1 hybrid using libraries from multiple tissues with biological replicates. This software has been made into a distributable package, which includes a pipeline, a Java interface to build the database, and a Java interface for query and display of
Nuculidae is a family of small saltwater clams in the order Nuculoida. Species in this family are commonly known as nut clams. The nomenclature of the Western European species in this family is still uncertain. Their systematics has been based mainly on their feces. Acila H. Adams and A. Adams, 1858 Adrana Adams and Adams, 1858 Austronucula Powell, 1939 Brevinucula Thiele, 1934 Condylonucula D.R. Moore, 1977 Ennucula Iredale, 1931 Lamellinucula Schenck, 1944 Leionucula Quenstedt, 1930 † Linucula Marwick, 1931 Neonucula Lan & Lee, 2001 Nucula Lamarck, 1799 Pronucula Hedley, 1902 Sinonucula Xu, 1985 Genera brought into synonymy Lionucula Thiele, 1934 synonym of Ennucula Iredale, 1931 Nuculoma Cossmann, 1907 : synonym of Ennucula Iredale, 1931 Polyodonta Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 : synonym of Nucula Lamarck, 1799 WoRMS (2011). Nuculidae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204 on 2011-05-04 "Nuculidae". Integrated ...
Be visible on the BioBusiness market via CEbiotech.com - the 1st Central European Networking Platform integrating the laboratories, institutions, contract research, consulting and other businesses. Central European Biotechnology Portal is an efficient tool that saves time and costs enabling companies to easily search for appropriate business partners and present their services to potential partners.
Be visible on the BioBusiness market via CEbiotech.com - the 1st Central European Networking Platform integrating the laboratories, institutions, contract research, consulting and other businesses. Central European Biotechnology Portal is an efficient tool that saves time and costs enabling companies to easily search for appropriate business partners and present their services to potential partners.
Health, ... Thistle Systems warn that whilst used racking may appear free from ...(PRWEB) April 26 2010 -- As more companies look for ways in which the...,Warning,Over,Dangers,of,Used,Racking,Issued,By,Thistle,Systems,,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Like many central European nations, the Netherlands is home to a huge amount of art, culture and history in the form of galleries, museums, and her...

Cirsium in Flora of North America @ efloras.orgCirsium in Flora of North America @ efloras.org

4 Cirsium helenioides. +. Leaves 0.5-4 cm wide, main spines usually 3-5 mm; se United States. 15 Cirsium virginianum (in part) ... Key to Groups of Cirsium Species *Group 1 *Cirsium species of Great Plains, eastern North America, and Greenland *Group 2 * ... 7 Cirsium discolor (in part). +. Stems gray- or white-tomentose throughout; n Great Plains, occasion- ally eastward. 18 Cirsium ... Die nordamerikanischen Arten der Gattung Cirsium. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 223-567.. Cirsium species of Great Plains, ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=107139&key_no=3

Cirsium in Flora of North America @ efloras.orgCirsium in Flora of North America @ efloras.org

4 Cirsium helenioides. +. Leaves 0.5-4 cm wide, main spines usually 3-5 mm; se United States. 15 Cirsium virginianum (in part) ... Key to Groups of Cirsium Species *Group 1 *Cirsium species of Great Plains, eastern North America, and Greenland *Group 2 * ... 7 Cirsium discolor (in part). +. Stems gray- or white-tomentose throughout; n Great Plains, occasion- ally eastward. 18 Cirsium ... Die nordamerikanischen Arten der Gattung Cirsium. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 223-567.. Cirsium species of Great Plains, ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=107139&key_no=3

Cirsium incanum | definition of Cirsium incanum by Medical dictionaryCirsium incanum | definition of Cirsium incanum by Medical dictionary

Cirsium incanum explanation free. What is Cirsium incanum? Meaning of Cirsium incanum medical term. What does Cirsium incanum ... Looking for online definition of Cirsium incanum in the Medical Dictionary? ... Cirsium arvense. (redirected from Cirsium incanum). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.. Related to Cirsium incanum: Cursed ... Cirsium incanum , definition of Cirsium incanum by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Cirsium+ ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Cirsium+incanum

Leaves and stem - pictures of Cirsium Vulgare, Asteraceae - wildflowers of West USALeaves and stem - pictures of Cirsium Vulgare, Asteraceae - wildflowers of West USA

Leaves and stem - cirsium vulgare in the Stanislaus National Forest, California. High resolution version ... Photographs of Cirsium Vulgare. Previous Photo. Leaves and stem - cirsium vulgare in the Stanislaus National Forest, California ... Keywords: Asteraceae, Cirsium Vulgare, Oregon, wildflowers, plants, purple flowers. License/purchase this photograph ...
more infohttp://www.americansouthwest.net/plants/wildflowers/cirsium-vulgare7_l.html

Wild Flowers List: Marsh Thistle (Cirsium palustre)Wild Flowers List: Marsh Thistle (Cirsium palustre)

Cirsium palustre, the marsh thistle or European swamp thistle, is a herbaceous biennial species of the genus Cirsium. It is a ... Labels: Daisy Family, Horsforth Woodside Quarry, July, Marsh Thistle (Cirsium palustre), yeadon banks ...
more infohttp://widflowersuk.blogspot.com/2013/06/marsh-thistle-cirsium-palustre.html

Cirsium - WikipediaCirsium - Wikipedia

Cirsium palustre, Cirsium oleraceum. Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium ... mountain thistle Cirsium segetum Cirsium serrulatum Cirsium setidens - gondre or Korean thistle Cirsium spinosissimum Cirsium ... integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. mite Cirsium arvense var. vestitum Cirsium barnebyi - Barnebys thistle Cirsium ... meadow thistle Cirsium fontinale - fountain thistle Cirsium gilense - Gila thistle Cirsium grahamii - Grahams thistle Cirsium ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirsium

Cirsium lecontei - WikipediaCirsium lecontei - Wikipedia

Cirsium lecontei grows to about 35-110 cm and has a taproot, sometimes with root sprouts. The plant is spiny and should be ... Cirsium lecontei occurs mostly in North Carolina but even there it appears to be rare. Its presence is also rare from South ... Cirsium lecontei occurs on the sandy pinelands of southern coastal plain in damp soil(where co-occurring species include Myrica ... The Plant List, Cirsium lecontei Torr. & A.Gray Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Keil, David J. & ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cirsium_lecontei

Cirsium genusCirsium genus

Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop. var. hypoleucum DC., Cirsium abyssinicum Sch.Bip.ex A.Rich, ... Cirsium incanum (Gmel.) Fish, Cirsium ochrolepideum Juz., Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. ex Bieb., Breea arvensis (L.) Less., ... Canada thistle [Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.][CIRAR][CalEPPC: B][CDFA list: B] Photographs Map of Distribution ... Wavyleaf thistle [Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng.][CIRUN][CDFA list: B] Photographs Map of Distribution ...
more infohttps://www.cdfa.ca.gov/plant/IPC/encycloweedia/weedinfo/cirsium.htm

Cirsium arizonicumCirsium arizonicum

... var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium ... Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium ... Previous taxon: Cirsium andrewsii. Next taxon: Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. Name Search ... Genus: Cirsium. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Common Name: THISTLE. Habit: Taprooted annual, biennial, or short-lived ...
more infohttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=2099

Category:Cirsium spinosissimum - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Cirsium spinosissimum - Wikimedia Commons

Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Cirsium spinosissimum linked to current category] [edit wikidata Cirsium ... Alpen-Kratzdistel (Cirsium spinosissimum) in den Sextener Dolomiten - Nähe Drei-Zinnen-Hütte (9801211414).jpg 2,976 × 3,968; ... Media in category "Cirsium spinosissimum". The following 45 files are in this category, out of 45 total. ... Alpen-Kratzdistel (Cirsium spinosissimum), Standort Nebelhorngipfel, 2224m IMG 7060.JPG 3,888 × 2,592; 3.93 MB. ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Cirsium_spinosissimum

Cirsium helenioides - WikispeciesCirsium helenioides - Wikispecies

Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_helenioides&oldid=2819671" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cirsium_helenioides

Plants Profile for Cirsium canalensePlants Profile for Cirsium canalense

This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CICA22

Plants Profile for Cirsium crassumPlants Profile for Cirsium crassum

This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CICR4

Cirsium scariosum var. scariosumCirsium scariosum var. scariosum

... © 2017 Barry Rice. Cirsium scariosum var. scariosum. © 2017 Barry Rice. Cirsium scariosum var ... Previous taxon: Cirsium scariosum var. robustum. Next taxon: Cirsium undulatum. Name Search ... Species: Cirsium scariosum. View Description. Common Name: MEADOW THISTLE. Habit: Biennial or short-lived perennial herb, 0.5-- ... Genus: Cirsium. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Common Name: THISTLE. Habit: Taprooted annual, biennial, or short-lived ...
more infohttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=7078

Calflora: Cirsium praeteriensCalflora: Cirsium praeteriens

Cirsium praeteriens, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California. ...
more infohttp://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-taxon=Cirsium+praeteriens

vPlants - Cirsium undulatumvPlants - Cirsium undulatum

However, most reports of Cirsium undulatum in California are based upon misidentifications of C. canescens. Cirsium undulatum ... Etymology: Cirsium is Greek for thistle, while undulatum means wavy. Synonyms: Carduus undulatus, Cirsium megacephalum, C. ... Cirsium undulatum is both widespread and variable. Plants of the Great Plains region tend to be low-growing with a few large ... 9 [Cirsium flodmanii (Rydb.) Arthur]; stem 3-12 dm, usually branched above, densely, closely and persistently white-tomentose; ...
more infohttp://vplants.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=2728&cl=3503

vPlants - Cirsium altissimumvPlants - Cirsium altissimum

Carduus altissimus Gilib., more, Cirsium altissimum var. biltmoreanum Petr., Cirsium iowense , Cnicus altissimus (L.) Willd., ...
more infohttp://vplants.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=43705&cl=3503

Calflora: Cirsium andersoniiCalflora: Cirsium andersonii

Cirsium andersonii, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is ...
more infohttp://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=2115

Cirsium lanceolatum - definition of Cirsium lanceolatum by The Free DictionaryCirsium lanceolatum - definition of Cirsium lanceolatum by The Free Dictionary

Cirsium lanceolatum synonyms, Cirsium lanceolatum pronunciation, Cirsium lanceolatum translation, English dictionary definition ... Noun 1. Cirsium lanceolatum - European thistle with rather large heads and prickly leaves; extensively naturalized as a weed in ... Cirsium lanceolatum - definition of Cirsium lanceolatum by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Cirsium+ ... Cirsium lanceolatum. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/Cirsium+lanceolatum

SEINet - Arizona Chapter - Cirsium scariosumSEINet - Arizona Chapter - Cirsium scariosum

Cirsium lacerum Rydb., Cirsium magnificum Rydb., Cirsium minganense Vict., Cirsium oreophilum Rydb., Cirsium x erosum ] ... Cirsium butleri Rydb., more, Cirsium congdonii R.J.Moore & Frankton, Cirsium erosum Cockerell ex Daniels, Cirsium kelseyi Rydb ... After consulting with A. Cronquist and studying his manuscript treatment of Cirsium for the Intermountain Flora, D. J. Keil and ... Cirsium scariosum is a widely distributed complex of intergrading races distributed from southwestern Canada to northwestern ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=18065&cl=2587

SEINet Portal Network - Cirsium ochrocentrumSEINet Portal Network - Cirsium ochrocentrum

Etymology: Cirsium is Greek for thistle, while ochrocentrum means having and ochre-colored center. Synonyms: Cnicus ... Notes: Distinguished from other Cirsium spp. by being shorter (< 1 m tall); densely tomentose; having appressed phyllaries with ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=43&clid=3923

Leaves - pictures of Cirsium Eatonii, Asteraceae - wildflowers of West USALeaves - pictures of Cirsium Eatonii, Asteraceae - wildflowers of West USA

Long, thin, basal leaves of cirsium eatonii (Eatons thistle), along the Fern Lake Trail, Rocky Mountain National Park, ... Photographs of Cirsium Eatonii. Previous Photo. Long, thin, basal leaves of cirsium eatonii (Eatons thistle), along the Fern ... Keywords: Asteraceae, Cirsium Eatonii, Colorado, plants, wildflowers, pink flowers. License/purchase this photograph ...
more infohttp://www.americansouthwest.net/plants/wildflowers/cirsium-eatonii5_l.html

Gonepterix rhamni on flowers of Cirsium alpinum - PixdausGonepterix rhamni on flowers of Cirsium alpinum - Pixdaus

Pixdaus.com is an environmental photo-bookmarking and sharing service. All the pictures are uploaded by users and the copyrights belong to the rightholders. You can request a removal using the Copyright flag link below each image if you find an image that shouldnt belong here ...
more infohttp://pixdaus.com/gonepterix-rhamni-on-flowers-of-cirsium-alpinum-butterflies/items/view/667463/

Cirsium neomexicanum in Flora of North America @ efloras.orgCirsium neomexicanum in Flora of North America @ efloras.org

Cirsium neomexicanum A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(6): 101. 1853. Desert or New Mexico thistle Cirsium arcuum A. Nelson ... The name Cirsium utahense has been widely applied in the past to plants that are here recognized as C. inamoenum. S. L. Welsh ( ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=250066384

Group O/4 resistant Cirsium arvense from SwedenGroup O/4 resistant Cirsium arvense from Sweden

Cirsium arvense. Canada thistle. 306. 2 Sweden. Sweden. 1979. Cropland MCPA 40. Synthetic Auxins (O/4). 55. Cirsium arvense. ... Cirsium arvense). #. Country. Country. StateName. FirstYear. Situation. Active Ingredients. CountryID. Site of Action. WeedID. ... bramble), Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle), Senecio jacobea (common ragwort) and Trifolium repens (white clover) were only ... Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a dicot weed in the Asteraceae family. In Sweden this weed first evolved resistance to ...
more infohttp://weedscience.org/Details/case.aspx?ResistID=395
  • After consulting with A. Cronquist and studying his manuscript treatment of Cirsium for the Intermountain Flora , D. J. Keil and C. E. Turner (1993) also accepted a broadly construed C. scariosum . (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Cirsium abyssinicum Sch.Bip.ex A.Rich, Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd. (ca.gov)
  • Cirsium setosum (Willd. (ca.gov)
  • Cirsium praeteriens , a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California. (calflora.org)
  • Cirsium andersonii , a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. (calflora.org)
  • 41. Cirsium neomexicanum A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. (efloras.org)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum is our most common roadside thistle in the Gila Wilderness. (wnmu.edu)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum branches like a candelabra from a point about 2/3 to the top when it has not been disturbed or mowed. (wnmu.edu)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum is found at lower to middle elevations in the Gila. (wnmu.edu)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum, photo Russ Kleinman, Burro Mtns. (wnmu.edu)
  • Chemical constituents and biological activities of Cirsium leucopsis, C. sipyleum, and C. eriophorum. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • This suggests either that the diversification has been very rapid or that genetic markers in North American Cirsium mutate more slowly than in most other lineages. (efloras.org)
  • Cirsium lecontei grows to about 35-110 cm and has a taproot, sometimes with root sprouts. (wikipedia.org)