A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain pectolinarin (a flavonoid glycoside).
A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
BEETLES in the family Curculionidae and the largest family in the order COLEOPTERA. They have a markedly convex shape and many are considered pests.
The plant Silybum marianum in the family ASTERACEAE containing the bioflavonoid complex SILYMARIN. For centuries this has been used traditionally to treat liver disease. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. = Carduus marianus L.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The root is a source of rotenoids (ROTENONE) and flavonoids. Some species of Pongamia have been reclassified to this genus and some to MILLETTIA. Some species of Deguelia have been reclassified to this genus.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.
A plant family of the order Geraniales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
The state of failure to initiate and complete the process of growth, reproduction, or gemination of otherwise normal plants or vegetative structures thereof.
Heterodimers of FLAVONOIDS bound to LIGNANS.
A mixture of flavonoids extracted from seeds of the MILK THISTLE, Silybum marianum. It consists primarily of silybin and its isomers, silicristin and silidianin. Silymarin displays antioxidant and membrane stabilizing activity. It protects various tissues and organs against chemical injury, and shows potential as an antihepatoxic agent.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).
A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. The name derived from ar (fire in Arabic) due to the irritating sap. Flower is a spathe.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.

Dynamics of a mutualism in a multi-species context. (1/12)

Despite recent findings that mutualistic interactions between two species may be greatly affected by species external to the mutualism, the implications of such multi-species interactions for the population dynamics of the mutualists are virtually unexplored. In this paper, we ask how the mutualism between the shoot-base boring weevil Apion onopordi and the rust fungus Puccinia punctiformis is influenced by the dynamics of their shared host plant Cirsium arvense, and vice versa. In particular, we hypothesized that the distribution of the weevil's egg load between healthy and rust-infected thistles may regulate the abundance of the mutualists and their host plant. In contrast to our expectations we found that the dynamics of the mutualists are largely determined by the dynamics of their host. This is, to our knowledge, the first demonstration that the dynamics of a mutualism are driven by a third, non-mutualistic species.  (+info)

Flavonoid compounds from the flowers of Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. (2/12)

Seven flavonoid compounds: tricin, apigenin, luteolin, hispidulin, acacetin 7-O-beta-D-rutinoside (linarin), apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronide and apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucoside were isolated from the flowers of Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. Their structure were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods (UV, 1H NMR, 13C NMR) and comparison data of the literature. Six of them were isolated for the first time from this plant.  (+info)

Genome size variation in Central European species of Cirsium (Compositae) and their natural hybrids. (3/12)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nuclear DNA amounts of 12 diploid and one tetraploid taxa and 12 natural interspecific hybrids of Cirsium from 102 populations in the Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary were estimated. METHODS: DAPI and PI flow cytometry were used. KEY RESULTS: 2C-values of diploid (2n = 34) species varied from 2.14 pg in C. heterophyllum to 3.60 pg in C. eriophorum (1.68-fold difference); the 2C value for the tetraploid C. vulgare was estimated at 5.54 pg. The DNA contents of hybrids were located between the values of their putative parents, although usually closer to the species with the smaller genome. Biennial species of Cirsium possessed larger nuclear DNA amounts than their perennial relatives. Genome size was negatively correlated with Ellenberg's indicator values for continentality and moisture and with eastern limits of distribution. A negative relationship was also detected between the genome size and the tendency to form natural interspecific hybrids. On the contrary, C-values positively corresponded with the spinyness (degree of spinosity). AT frequency ranged from 48.38 % in C. eriophorum to 51.75 % in C. arvense. Significant intraspecific DNA content variation in DAPI sessions was detected in C. acaule (probably due to the presence of B-chromosomes), and in tetraploid C. vulgare. Only the diploid level was confirmed for the Pannonian C. brachycephalum, generally considered to be tetraploid. In addition, triploidy was discovered for the first time in C. rivulare. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable differences in nuclear DNA content exist among Central European species of Cirsium on the diploid level. Perennial soft spiny Cirsium species of wet habitats and continental distributions generally have smaller genomes. The hybrids of diploid species remain diploid, and their DNA content is smaller than the mean of the parents. Species with smaller genomes produce interspecific hybrids more frequently.  (+info)

Pectolinarin and Pectolinarigenin of Cirsium setidens Prevent the Hepatic Injury in Rats Caused by D-Galactosamine via an Antioxidant Mechanism. (4/12)

To identify the hepatoprotective component from the leaves of Cirsium setidens (Compositae), the methanolic extract was divided into two fractions, chloroform and butanol fractions, and their hepatoprotective efficacy was evaluated in a rat model of hepatic injury caused by D-galactosamine (GalN). Hepatoprotective activity was measured by the activity of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Glutathione metabolism was measured via biochemical parameters such as glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GR), gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels. We subjected the butanol fraction, which had higher activity, to column chromatography to yield pectolinarin, which was further hydrolyzed to yield pectolinarigenin. Administration (10, 20 mg/kg, p.o.) of the main flavonoid glycoside component, pectolinarin, and its aglycone, pectolinarigenin, for 2 weeks significantly decreased the activity levels of AST, ALT, ALP and LDH, indicating that the two compounds have hepatoprotective activity. Pectolinarin and pectolinarigenin also increased activity levels of GSH, GR, GCS, and GST, as well as SOD. The significant effect was only seen in SOD activity. This suggests that the two components exhibit hepatoprotective activity mainly via SOD antioxidant mechanism.  (+info)

Anti-inflammatory activity of pectolinarigenin and pectolinarin isolated from Cirsium chanroenicum. (5/12)

In order to identify the active anti-inflammatory ingredient(s) in Cirsium chanroenicum (Compositae), its methanol extract and several solvent fractions were prepared; the methanol extract and the ethylacetate fraction inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-mediated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)-mediated leukotriene (LT) production in lipopolysaccharide-treated RAW 264.7 cells and A23187-treated rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-1) cells, respectively. Further bioactivity-guided fractionation of the ethylacetate fraction using column chromatography led to the isolation of pectolinarigenin (5,7-dihydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyflavone), along with pectolinarin [pectolinarigenin 7-rhamnosyl-(1-->6)-glucoside]. Pectolinarigenin strongly inhibited COX-2-mediated PGE2 and 5-LOX-mediated LT production at >1 microM, indicating that it is a dual inhibitor of COX-2/5-LOX. However, pectolinarigenin did not affect COX-2 expression or nuclear transcription factor (NF-kappaB) activation. In addition, in vivo studies demonstrated that oral administration of these two compounds at 20-100 mg/kg resulted in similar inhibitory activities against several animal models of inflammation/allergy: arachidonic acid-induced mouse ear edema, carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. All of these results suggest that pectolinarigenin and pectolinarin possess anti-inflammatory activity and that they may inhibit eicosanoid formation in inflammatory lesions. These activities certainly contribute to the anti-inflammatory mechanism of C. chanroenicum.  (+info)

Body fat mass reduction and up-regulation of uncoupling protein by novel lipolysis-promoting plant extract. (6/12)

We have found natural products exhibiting lipolysis-promoting activity in subcutaneous adipocytes, which are less sensitive to hormones than visceral adipocytes. The activities and a action mechanisms of a novel plant extract of Cirsium oligophyllum (CE) were investigated in isolated adipocytes from rat subcutaneous fat, and its fat-reducing effects by peroral administration and topical application were evaluated in vivo. CE-induced lipolysis was synergistically enhanced by caffeine, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and was reduced by propranolol, a beta adrenergic antagonist. The peroral administration of 10% CE solution to Wistar rats for 32 days reduced body weight gain, subcutaneous, and visceral fat weights by 6.6, 26.2, and 3.0%, respectively, as compared to the control group. By the topical application of 2% of this extract to rats for 7 days, weight of subcutaneous fat in the treated skin was reduced by 23.2%. This fat mass reduction was accompanied by the up-regulation of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP), a principal thermogenic mitochondrial molecule related to energy dissipating, in subcutaneous fat and UCP3 in skin except for the fat layer. These results indicate that CE promotes lipolysis via a mechanism involving the beta adrenergic receptor, and affects the body fat mass. This fat reduction may be partially due to UCP up-regulation in the skin including subcutaneous fat. This is the first report showing that repeated lipolysis promotion through CE administration may be beneficial for the systematic suppression of body fat accumulation or the control of fat distribution in obesity.  (+info)

Performance of host-races of the fruit fly, Tephritis conura on a derived host plant, the cabbage thistle Cirsium oleraceum: implications for the original host shift. (7/12)

 (+info)

Cirsium japonicum flavones enhance adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. (8/12)

Cirsium japonicum flavones have been demonstrated to possess anti-diabetic effects in diabetic rats, but the functional mechanism remains unknown. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays an important role in glucose and lipid homeostasis. In this study, we report the effects of Cirsium japonicum flavones (pectolinarin and 5,7-dihydroxy-6,4-dimethoxy flavone) on PPARgamma activation, adipocyte differentiation, and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. Reporter gene assays and Oil Red O staining showed that Cirsium japonicum flavones induced PPARgamma activation and enhanced adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, Cirsium japonicum flavones increased the expression of PPARgamma target genes, such as adiponectin and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and enhanced the translocation of intracellular GLUT4 to the plasma membrane. In mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, Cirsium japonicum flavones significantly enhanced the basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. The flavones-induced effects in 3T3-L1 cells were abolished by the PPARgamma antagonist, GW9662, and by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, wortmannin. This study suggests that Cirsium japonicum flavones promote adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake by inducing PPARgamma activation and then modulating the insulin signaling pathway in some way, which could benefit diabetes patients.  (+info)

Looking for online definition of Cirsium incanum in the Medical Dictionary? Cirsium incanum explanation free. What is Cirsium incanum? Meaning of Cirsium incanum medical term. What does Cirsium incanum mean?
Cirsium from Burncoose Nurseries Varieties of Cirsium available to buy include the following: CIRSIUM heterophyllum Pink Blush ,CIRSIUM rivulare Atropurpureum ,CIRSIUM rivulare Frosted Magi ...
Ballegaard, T.K., and E. Warncke. 1985. Observations on autotoxic effects on seed germination and seedling growth in Cirsium palustre from a spring area in Jutland, Denmark. Holarctic Ecology 8(1):63-65.. Boos, T., K. Kearns, C. LeClair, B. Panke, B. Scriver, and B. Williams (eds.). 2010. A field guide to terrestrial invasive plants in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.. Campbell, S., P. Higman, B. Slaughter, and E. Schools. 2010. A Field Guide to Invasive Plants of Aquatic and Wetland Habitats for Michigan. Michigan DNRE, Michigan State University Extension, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 90 pp.. Canadensys. 2012. Cirsium palustre. Université de Montréal Biodiversity Centre. Available http://data.canadensys.net/vascan/name/Cirsium%20palustre. Accessed 3 May 2012.. Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario, (COSSARO). 2011. COSSARO candidate species at risk evaluation form for pitchers thistle (Cirsium pitcheri). 7 pp.. Cuthbert, F., D. Ewert, ...
Cirsium palustre, the marsh thistle or European swamp thistle, is a herbaceous biennial species of the genus Cirsium. It is a tall thistle which reaches up to 2 metres in height. The strong stems have few branches and are covered in small spines. Wikipedia ...
A detailed description for Cirsium neomexicanum, New Mexico Thistle, Southwest Desert Flora, Asteraceae, Sunflower Family, also called Desert Thistle, Foss Thistle, Lavender Thistle, Powderpuff Thistle, Utah Thistle (Spanish: Cardo Santo).
13. Cirsium Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. vol. 1. 1754. Thistle, chardon [Greek kirsion, thistle] David J. Keil Annuals, biennials, or perennials, 5-400 cm, spiny. Stems (1-several) erect, branched or simple, sometimes narrowly spiny-winged. Leaves basal and cauline; finely bristly-dentate to coarsely dentate or 1-3 times pinnately lobed, teeth and lobes bristly-tipped, faces green and glabrous or densely gray-canescent, usually eglandular. Heads discoid, borne singly, terminal and in distal axils, or in racemiform, spiciform, subcapitate, paniculiform, or corymbiform arrays. ( Peduncles with ± reduced leaflike bracts.) Involucres cylindric to ovoid or spheric, (1-6 ×)1-8 cm. Phyllaries many in 5-20 series, subequal or weakly to strongly, outer and middle with bases appressed and apices spreading to erect, usually spine-tipped, innermost usually with erect, flat, often twisted, entire or dentate, usually spineless apices (distal portion of phyllary midveins in many species with elongate, ...
13. Cirsium Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. vol. 1. 1754. Thistle, chardon [Greek kirsion, thistle] David J. Keil Annuals, biennials, or perennials, 5-400 cm, spiny. Stems (1-several) erect, branched or simple, sometimes narrowly spiny-winged. Leaves basal and cauline; finely bristly-dentate to coarsely dentate or 1-3 times pinnately lobed, teeth and lobes bristly-tipped, faces green and glabrous or densely gray-canescent, usually eglandular. Heads discoid, borne singly, terminal and in distal axils, or in racemiform, spiciform, subcapitate, paniculiform, or corymbiform arrays. ( Peduncles with ± reduced leaflike bracts.) Involucres cylindric to ovoid or spheric, (1-6 ×)1-8 cm. Phyllaries many in 5-20 series, subequal or weakly to strongly, outer and middle with bases appressed and apices spreading to erect, usually spine-tipped, innermost usually with erect, flat, often twisted, entire or dentate, usually spineless apices (distal portion of phyllary midveins in many species with elongate, ...
treatment2 ,name=Cirsium wrightii ,authority=A. Gray ,publication_title=Smithsonian Contr. Knowl.. ,place_in_publication=5(6): 101. 1853. ,common_name=Wrights marsh thistle ,description=Biennials or monocarpic perennials, 100-300 cm; taproots short with many slender, fibrous lateral roots. Stems usually 1, erect, glabrous to ± tomentose; branches many, usually restricted to distal part of stem, ascending. Leaves: blades oblong to elliptic, 10-60 × 5-20 cm, unlobed and merely spinulose to irregularly dentate or shallowly to deeply pinnatifid, lobes ± broadly triangular, separated by wide sinuses, obtuse to acute, sometimes coarsely toothed or lobed, main spines slender, 1-3 mm, faces thinly arachnoid, soon glabrescent; basal often present at flowering, petioles slender, ± winged; cauline progressively reduced, proximal petiolate, mid and distal sessile, long-decurrent; distalmost linear to narrowly elliptic, bractlike, spinulose to irregularly dentate or shallowly lobed. ...
Pictures of asteraceae wildflowers of West USA. Leaves and stem - cirsium vulgare in the Stanislaus National Forest, California. High resolution version
This study was conducted to compare the concentration of functional components such as total phenolic, flavonoid, cartenoid, anthocyanin, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity and volatile concentration in several wild vegetables as Lactuca indica var. laciniata H. Seonyang, Lactuca indica var. laciniata H. Godam. Lepidium sativum L., Lactuca indica var. laciniata H., Cirsium setidens L., and Ligularia stenocephala L. Results of the total phenolic, flavoniod, carotinoid and anthocyanin concentration were shown as highest in Cirsium setidens L. and Ligularia stenocephala L. But the DPPH scavenging activity was not shown significantly difference among six wild baby vegetables. As the results of compared volatile components in wild baby vegetables, were detected to total 234-297 peaks. Generally, major volatile components were detected small molecular weight such as α-pinene, β-phelleandrene, β-pinene, limonene, camphene, linalool, but these results were shown the major component as ...
We passed these superb members of the thistle family without comment on the way to see some Teesdale rarities. They are fairly common here and so no-one remarks on their presence. This thistle has no spines and is always a such a magnificent sight that folk of the old days reasoned that such a splendid flower could be a cure for sadness.. Nicholas Culpepper in 1669 remarked that The decoction of the thistle in wine, being drunk, expels superfluous Melancholy out of the body and makes a man as merry as a cricket.. This is a northern plant and I remember always looking out for it when in Scotland. There is very little to be found south of the Black country in England and in Wales it only occurs in quantity in parts of the north. In Ireland it is rare but in Scotland and northern England where these were photographed it is commonly recorded.. ...
Biological Control: Several organisms have been intentionally introduced into the United States for Canada thistle control. However, no single agent has been successful at dramatically reducing infestations. Two agents have been released in California, Ceutorhyncus litura and Urophora cardui. However, establishment of both has been very poor with little impact. Neither insect is currently available. The female weevil Ceutorhyncus litura lays eggs underneath the Canada thistle leaves in early spring. Larvae bore into the main leaf vein, then down into the plants crown area. If the population is high enough, plant death can occur. However, infested plants are generally stressed and less vigorous. Ceutorhyncus alone will not effectively control Canada thistle. It must be combined with other methods to be successful. Combine the weevil with cultural techniques that allow for maximum desirable plant competition. Research to combine Ceutorhyncus with herbicides or mowing has not been conducted. The ...
Latin Name Common Name Strata Native? Acer rubrum red maple Tree/Shrub/Herbaceous YES Achillea millefolium yarrow; milfoil Herbaceous YES Agrimonia parviflora swamp agrimony Herbaceous YES Ambrosia artemisiifolia common ragweed Herbaceous YES Amelanchier Tree/Shrub/Herbaceous YES Apios americana ground nut Herbaceous YES Apocynum Herbaceous ? Apocynum cannabinum indian help; dogbane Herbaceous YES Asclepias purpurascens purple milkweed Herbaceous YES Asclepias syriaca common milkweed Herbaceous YES Asparagus officinalis asparagus Herbaceous NO Aster Herbaceous ? Betula papyrifera paper birch Tree YES Carex pensylvanica common oak sedge Herbaceous YES Carex vulpinoidea brown fox sedge Herbaceous YES Cirsium arvense field thistle; Canada thistle Herbaceous NO [invasive] Cirsium discolor pasture thistle Herbaceous YES Claytonia virginica spring beauty Herbaceous YES Conopholis americana cancer root Herbaceous YES Daucus carota wild carrot; Queen Annes lace Herbaceous NO [invasive] Dianthus armeria ...
Adult behavior: Adults (predominantly males) sip moisture from mud (Opler and Krizek 1984) - probably for sodium (Arms et al. 1974). Adults of both sexes sip nectar from flowers. Coastal sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia L.), pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata L.), and thistles (Cirsium spp.), are reported to be particularly attractive as nectar sources (Opler and Krizek 1984, Tyler 1975). Palamedes swallowtails are considered the primary pollinators of sandhill thistle (Cirsium repandum Michaux) (Theis and Raguso 2005) and orange-fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris (L.)Lindl.) (Chupp et al. 2015).. Many plants are valuable as nectar sources for Palamedes swallowtails. Minno and Minno (1999) have extensive lists of both native and exotic nectar plants for butterflies. Most states have native plant societies that are valuable sources of information on native plants and many also hold native plant sales. For a list and contact information for native plant societies, see the American Horticultural ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
Milk thistle is a herb from which its fruits are used. It contains flavonolignans, silymarin and especially silibinin isomers, silychristin and silydianin, flavonoids, steroids and estrogen-like compounds. Attributed properties: Liver Protector. Indications based on the Commission E of the German Ministry of Health: cholelithiasis, liver disorders. Devoid of toxicity. It is excreted into breast milk in little or no amount. There is no evidence of its effectiveness as a galactogogue. Two studies have been performed (one with cows and the other with women) trying to show a galactogogue effect, but both are limited by a very flawed methodology. Best galactogogue is a frequent and on-demand breastfeeding together witn an appropriate technique. Precaution is recommended before taking herbal infusions: 1. Ensure a reliable source: poisoning occurred by confusion with another plant that resulted to be toxic, poisoning from heavy metals and food poisoning by contamination with bacteria or fungi. 2
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla ...
The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus ...
The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus ...
My experience of the flora of Lassen County, California, by Orrin C. Winton. Below: Viola beckwithii Torrey & A. Gray (Great Basin Violet). Please note, plant names (nomenclature) are in accordance with The Jepson Manual, 2nd Edition (2012) (TJM2 ...
Perennials, 20-230 cm; deeply seated runner roots that produce adventitious buds. Stems 1-several, erect or ascending, densely gray-tomentose; branches 0-few, usually above middle, ascending. Leaves: blades elliptic to oblong or ovate, 10-40 × 1-10 cm, margins strongly undulate, coarsely dentate or shallowly to deeply lobed, lobes ascending to spreading, ± triangular, well separated to closely spaced, spinulose and coarsely dentate or usually cleft into 2-3 lanceolate to triangular, often entire-margined, spine-tipped divisions, main spines (yellowish), 2-12+ mm, abaxial densely gray-tomentose, adaxial faces thinly tomentose; basal sometimes present at flowering, winged-petiolate; principal cauline becoming sessile and progressively reduced distally, widest at base, bases ± auriculate-clasping to short-decurrent; distal reduced, spinier. Heads 1-10+, terminal on branches, in leafy, ± corymbiform arrays. Peduncles 0-25+ cm. Involucres ovoid to hemispheric or broadly campanulate, 2.5-4.5 × ...
Família Asteraceae | Ecologia/habitat: Incultos, baldios. Indiferente edáfico. Espécie ruderal. | Distribuição em Portugal: 527 ocorrências registadas
Point Conception (145B) 3412044, Surf (171A) 3412065, Point Arguello (171C) 3412056, Tranquillon Mountain (171D) 3412055, Guadalupe (196A) 3412085, Point Sal (196B) 3412086, Casmalia (196D) 3412075, Pismo Beach (221B) 3512026, Oceano (221D) 3512015, Morro Bay South (247D) 3512037 ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Mehmet Boğa, Pelin Köseoğlu Yilmaz, Deniz Bariş Cebe, Mashhad Fatima, Bina S Siddiqui, Ufuk Kolak].
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora.
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Hosted by the USGS Core Science Analytics and Synthesis. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency ITIS Teams. Point of Contact: [email protected]
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
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Cardopatium corymbosum is extraordinary and compelling for its hemispheres of deep-blue flowers http://www.greekflora.gr/el/flowers/1568/Cardopatium-corymbosum, and another Greek thistle, Carlina tragacanthifolia, for its uncompromising spinyness! These are hardly plants for any but true Mediterranean gardens which receive long hot and dry summers, but they reveal an underlying characteristic of thistles and one which can be a feature of similar but less severe situations in the UK, and particularly rock and gravel gardens.. So many thistles are plants of dry and arid landscapes and not of interest to any but the most adventurous and botanically-minded gardeners, willing to experiment. To counter this impression Steve Law finished his talk by looking at Eurasian mesic environments which do contain species much more relevant to many gardens in the UK. These plants - a well known example is Cirsium rivulare Atropurpureum, so widely grown and requiring quite moist and fertile soil - do have ...
i bought a plant that had lovely leaves, awful yellow flowers, but it became very invasive. SINACALIA...................... other plants I have that I have dug out clumps most years, are. Achillea the Pearl, Crocosmia lucifer, (which is allowed to stay in but in small clumps), also Elymus magellanicus, Kentucky blue grass. Carex Bronze Comans. Most of the hardy Geraniums especially Kaffir white. Persicaria firetail, and Southcombe white, Euphobia Fens Ruby, Darmera peltiphyllum quickly became a thug, but it is in an area where it looks ok. Sasa 4 bamboo. Rosa Rugosa, I have to prune out sections monthly. Rosa Bobby James, from a cutting five years ago, it is not only over my 30 workshop wall and roof, but is also going up into an ash tree and would be off down the field if I let it. Verbascum Chiaxii self seeds everywhere. Echinops self seeds, but the worst offender is a Cirsium rivulare, I grew from seed, hoping it would be cerise, turned out to be an awful wishy washy lilac. That has ...
Body and ambient temperatures (Ta) of a bees short foraging stay on Aster sp. (1, symbols), a stay of medium duration on Cirsium oleraceum (2, dotted lines) an
Similar species: Canada thistle is distinguished from all other thistles by creeping lateral roots, dense clonal growth; and small dioecious flower heads (meaning male and female flowers are produced on ⠦ C. thistle invading a ⠦ Seeds can separate from the white tufts. 1. An aggressive, spreading root system. REC, Glyphosate (Roundup®) Information and Alternatives for Weed Management, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas. It is difficult to control because its extensive root system allows it to recover from control attempts. Canada thistle stands erect to 3-1/3 ⠦ Externally, Canada thistle ⠦ Seeds ⠦ Check the location weekly and snip off any new growth that you may see. Canada thistle. 3. Canada thistle is a native of southeastern Eurasia that immigrated to North America in the early 1700s, probably as a contaminant of crop seed. Seedlings have poorly developed rosettes. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) ...
Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare (savi) tenore) is a biennial forb that was introduced to North America as a seed contaminant and is now widespread. Gumdrop-shaped flowers are pinkish to dark purple in color and 1 ½ to 2 inches in diameter. The flower bracts are somewhat tapered and covered with spines. Seeds are capped with a circle of plume-like white hairs. Leaves are alternate. In Colorado, Bull thistles are the only species that are prickly hairy on the top and are cottony-hairy on the undersides of the leaves. In mature plants the leaves extend down, clasping the stem and are divided into segments. The plant has a short, fleshy taproot with several primary roots extending from the root crown. Seed leaves are round to spatulate, and smooth. Mature plants can produce up to 4,000 seeds per plant.. Bull thistle fact sheet ...
The bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare) is a spiny biennial weed found in pastures, along roadsides and croplands across the United States. The plant grows 2 to 7 feet in height in a rosette form. The foliage is spiny. The bull thistle is native to Europe, Asia and Africa. The weed was introduced to the United States in ...
What Are Essential Oils, and Do They Work? This herb may also relieve nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. In fact, in one animal study, (-)-carvone was shown to be 100 times more potent at reducing blood vessel contractions than verapamil, a commonly used blood pressure medication (1). Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. For women with hormone imbalances, spearmint tea may provide relief. Hirsutism in women causes hair to grow on the face, breasts, and stomach. In another 21-day study in rats with diabetes, animals given 136 mg per pound (300 mg per kg) of body weight per day of this type of extract showed a 25% reduction in blood sugar (22). MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. The tips of the leaves are pointed, like spears, hence its name. Spearmint may help relieve joint pain caused by arthritis. There are no regulated manufacturing standards in ...
Citation: Bodo Slotta, T.A., Foley, M.E., Chao, S., Hufbauer, R., Horvath, D.P. 2010. Assessing genetic diversity of Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) in North America with microsatellites. Weed Science. 58:387-394. Interpretive Summary: Canada thistle is an invasive weed. This paper defines/identifies the level of genetic diversity in nearly 100 different Canada thistle populations from 22 different states and one Canadian province. The study found that there is significant movement of Canada thistle genotypes and considerable genetic diversity both within and between populations. The study also found that most populations spread by sexual reproduction rather than by vegetative reproduction. Both of these facts will impact effectiveness of various strategies to control this invasive weed. There is less genetic diversity in N. American populations than there are in populations from England suggesting that the English population was established well before the N. American population. Technical ...
CHICAGO -- Pitchers thistle, whose fuzzy leaves and creamy pink puffs once thrived in the sand dunes along several of the Great Lakes, was driven by development, drought and weevils into virtual extinction from the shores of Lake Michigan decades ago.. In the article, Dr. Kayri Havens and Dr. Pati Vitt discuss why the Chicago Botanic Garden is seeking permits to test the concept of assisted migration with this federally threatened thistle (Cirsium pitcherii) by pushing it into new, colder territory along the shores of Lake Ontario. It may be the best test case for moving an individual species outside its range, Dr. Vitt said. This work is connected to the Seeds of Success program, an effort to seed bank multiple populations of 14,000 plant species in the United States for future restoration and research, particularly in a era of rapidly changing climates. The Seeds of Success project is managed by the Bureau of Land Management and carried out in partnership with botanic gardens and other ...
Has no innate dispersal mechanism, but is thought to be spread along interstates by vehicles, by wind tunnels created by paved roads, and on mowing equipment. In some areas may be spread by birds and with horticultural use (The Effects of Fertilization and Time of Cutting on Regeneration and Seed Production of Dipsacus laciniatus (Dipsacacae)). Highways facilitate dispersal of this species (Cutleaf Teasel (Dipsacus laciniatus): Seed Development and Persistence). Dispersal along roads and waterways has been important to teasel spread in North America. On the Lincoln National Forest in central New Mexico, all common teasel populations in habitats occupied by the threatened endemic, Sacramento Mountain thistle (Cirsium vinaceum), occurred adjacent to roads (P,0.0001). In Missouri, teasel populations have skyrocketed since the early 1990s. Populations have spread primarily along highways, and researchers suggest that right-of-way mowing operations have been important to seed spread. Since about ...
Most Wasatch Front wet meadows are found adjacent to valley rivers, ponds, or other valley floor wet areas and are most easily recognized by an abundance of Russian olive trees as well as other plants such as milkweed, (Asclepias speciosa,) bull thistles, (Cirsium vulgare,) wild licorice, (Glycyrrhiza lepidota,) joe-pye weed, (Eupatorium maculatum,) cinquefoil, (Potentilla spp.,) stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica,) sandbar willow, (Salix exigua,) saltcedar, (Tamerisk ramosissima), common reed, (Phragmites australis,) canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea,) and others.. Monarchs, which is one of Northern Utahs migratory species, are especially attracted to wet meadows. Adults of the monarch especially prefer to roost in Russian olive trees to escape the heat of the day. In fact, female Monarchs will often lay their eggs on the milkweeds adjacent to these Russian olive trees as well on milkweeds near nectar sources. Special note: There are small colonies of Bairds Swallowtails, (Papilio bairdi) that ...
A bit northeast of Thamesville is a prairie patch along a railway. Fortunately it is right at a road intersection, so it is easily accessible. I use the term prairie loosely here, as the prairie vegetation is made up mostly of forbs...there are virtually no prairie grasses present, some of which should be there if it is really a prairie. Some of the prairie plant highlights known from this site include Yellow Ladies-tresses (Spiranthes ochroleuca) and Prairie Cinquefoil (Potentilla arguta). Unfortunately neither have been seen in recent years, although they could still be present. The time of my visit was a little early for the former species, and a little late for the latter one. Other prairie type species which are present include Foxglove Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis), Prairie Thistle (Cirsium discolor ...
The aim of this project is to explore these two alternatives by quantifying existing patterns of occurrence and impacts of insect herbivores on Cirsium arvense by experimentally testing for direct and indirect effects of non-overlapping insect herbivore guilds on plant performance and population density and build integral projection model describing the population dynamics of the species to model the demographic consequences of these data. This research will contribute to development of safe, effective weed management that will limit the invasiveness of weedy and exotic plants ...
Guided by TNF-α secretion inhibitory activity assay, four taraxastane-type triterpenoids, including two new ones, 22-oxo-20-taraxasten-3β, 30-diol (1) and 22α-hydroxy-20-taraxasten-30β, 30-triol (2), have been obtained from an active fraction of the petroleum ether-soluble extract of the the medicinal and edible plant Cirsium setosum. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data and CD d ...
Guided by TNF-α secretion inhibitory activity assay, four taraxastane-type triterpenoids, including two new ones, 22-oxo-20-taraxasten-3β, 30-diol (1) and 22α-hydroxy-20-taraxasten-30β, 30-triol (2), have been obtained from an active fraction of the petroleum ether-soluble extract of the the medicinal and edible plant Cirsium setosum. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data and CD d ...
In organic farming the control of perennial weed species, in particular Cirsium arvense, can be a major concern for farmers, especially if there is no regulation through perennial forage production. To test whether the stubble cleaner (SC), an enhanced skim plow (PL), is as effective in the control of C. arvense and other weeds as conventional ploughing and perennial forage production, an organic field experiment was established. Three different tillage/crop rotation systems were compared: an SC system and a PL system, both in a cereal-based crop rotation and an additional PL system in a crop rotation that included a perennial alfalfa-grass mixture (PLALF). In the SC system, tillage was carried out solely with the SC, while in the PL and PLALF systems, ploughing was alternated with chiseling. In the fifth year, each main plot was divided into subplots, and seven different cover crop treatments were integrated into each of the three systems. The effects of the three systems and the cover crop ...
acer ( 28 ) achillea ( 20 ) aconitum ( 23 ) acorus ( 1 ) actaea ( 7 ) adiantum ( 1 ) aesculus ( 3 ) agastache ( 10 ) ageratina ( 3 ) aika ( 34 ) aita ( 5 ) ajuga ( 2 ) akebia ( 9 ) alcea ( 13 ) alchemilla ( 1 ) allium ( 79 ) alnus ( 1 ) alopecurus ( 7 ) alppipenkki ( 3 ) amelanchier ( 11 ) anaphalis ( 10 ) anemone ( 58 ) angelica ( 6 ) antennaria ( 1 ) anthemis ( 1 ) anthericum ( 6 ) anthriscus ( 9 ) aquilegia ( 53 ) arisaema ( 5 ) arisarum ( 2 ) armeria ( 10 ) aronia ( 1 ) artemisia ( 10 ) arum ( 5 ) asarum ( 1 ) aster ( 18 ) astilboides ( 3 ) astrantia ( 10 ) athyrium ( 13 ) bellevalia ( 2 ) bellis ( 1 ) berberis ( 3 ) berkheya ( 1 ) betula ( 1 ) bistorta ( 6 ) blogit ( 184 ) briza ( 5 ) brugmansia ( 19 ) brunnera ( 27 ) bulbocodium ( 9 ) butomus ( 4 ) buxus ( 9 ) calamagrostis ( 5 ) caltha ( 11 ) camassia ( 8 ) campanula ( 14 ) carex ( 21 ) catanache ( 2 ) centaurea ( 34 ) centranthus ( 5 ) cephalaria ( 5 ) cercidiphyllum ( 1 ) chaenomeles ( 3 ) chamaemelum ( 1 ) cichorium ( 14 ) cirsium ( 12 ...
This European moth was first noticed in the Vancouver area in 1982. It is now one of the most frequently encountered noctuids in suburban habitats in Victoria. The caterpillars can be found by flashlight at night, in March and April, feeding on various herbaceous plants, but it seems to have a special preference for Rumex crispus, yet strangely I have had caterpillars that were found on Rumex crispus refuse leaves of the similar Rumex obtusifolia. Nevertheless, I have found them on a variety of plants, including grasses, Calendula, Cardamine, Cirsium, Plantago, Digitalis, Fragaria, Potentilla anserina, Cornus stolonifera, Myosotis, Primula and even the poisonous (to humans) Conium maculatum. The caterpillar can be recognized by the pair of triangular black marks on each of the last two segments ...
Aim of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of five invasive weeds (Sorghum halepense L. Pers., Sonchus arvensis L., Cirsium arvense L. Scop., Xanthium strumarium L.and Aristolochia clematitis L.) in forage crops on two Sorghum crops (Sorghum sudanense (Piper) Stapf and Sorghum vulgare var. technicum (Körn.)). An ex-situ experiment was carried out as follows: 10 seeds of each test variety were placed in Petri dishes between filter paper and the dried weed biomass extract was added at concentrations of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2% w/v. Petri dishes were placed in a thermostat-operated device at a temperature of 22 ± 2 °C for a seven-days period. Distilled water was used as a control. Number of germinated seeds, % of seed germination against the control, and weed inhibition rate (IR) were measured. Our study revealed that the alellopathic effect of the tested five invasive weeds on seed germination of S. sudanense and S. vulgare var. technicum varied according to the plant ...
Figure 1 (left) and 2 (right). Gray leaf spot on St. Augustinegrass (images by Alfredo Martinez) Gray leaf spot (Figure 2) is a fungal disease that affects St. Augustinegrass, perennial ryegrass and tall fescue in Georgia. The disease is particularly aggressive in St Augustinegrass. Hot, humid summer weather and high nitrogen levels can make turf susceptible to this disease. The fungus causing the disease is Pyricularia grisea.. Symptoms: The symptoms of gray leaf spot vary depending on the grass cultivar. On St. Augustinegrass, gray leaf spot first appears as small, brown spots on the leaves and stems. The spots quickly enlarge to approximately ¼ inch in length and become bluish-gray and oval or elongated in shape. The mature lesions are tan to gray and have depressed centers with irregular margins that are purple to brown. A yellow border on the lesions can also occur. In cool-season turfgrass, the symptoms are similar to those of melting out.. Conditions Favoring Disease: Gray leaf spot is ...
This Hydrangea Drawings With Blue Purple Flowers Green Grey Leaves Image is dominated by 20 beautiful colors such as Silver, Uniform Grey, Sunny Pavement, Windsor, Tin, Steel, Kentucky, Kickstart Purple, Purple Corallite, Co Pilot, Thamar Black, Kettleman, Vallarta Blue, Pig Iron, Night Fog, Black Cat, Jordy Blue, Genestealer Purple, Bright Midnight Blue, High Elf Blue. This image looks so awesome with this color combination ...
MANHATTAN, Kan. - A Kansas State University row crop specialist says hes happy - even if surprised - by the low incidence of disease hes finding in the states corn fields so far this summer.. But hes urging growers to continue scouting their fields for diseases that have been commonly found in Kansas in past years.. I have been surprised by the low levels of gray leaf spot in most fields, said Doug Jardine, who has traveled several areas of Kansas over the past few weeks looking at corn and soybean fields.. In those areas where I was able to find gray leaf spot, it was on the very lowest leaves, even in some fields that I know have had a problem with a history of this disease.. Gray leaf spot is a fungus that causes an estimated loss of 9 million bushels of corn per year in Kansas. It was first found in the state in 1989, and is considered the most serious foliar disease of corn in Kansas and the north central United States.. For that reason, indications that it might not be as prevalent ...
InstructionsBoil water: If using an electric kettle with temperature setting, set it to 208°F. … Warm up teapot: Pour some hot water into a teapot and swirl it around a bit. … Put Earl Grey tea into teapot and add hot water.Cover teapot and steep for 3 to 5 minutes. … Strain Earl Grey leaves and pour hot tea into a teacup.More items ...
Nepalese Blue one of our favourite bamboos with blue grey finger size culms. Has a soft long feathery bluish green/grey leaf. Tight clumping habit. Suits well draining soils - ask us for maintenance advice. Features: Middle size Himalayan - Grows to 2-4 metres. Lovely colour with wispy green leafs Position-Part Shade/
GO:0050821. Any process involved in maintaining the structure and integrity of a protein and preventing it from degradation or aggregation. ...
GO:0010721. Any process that decreases the rate, frequency or extent of the progression of the cell over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Cell development does not include the steps involved in committing a cell to a specific fate. ...
Cirsium sp., Chrysanthemum sp., Lysimachia sp., Chenopodium sp.. Urtica sp., Artemisia sp., Filipendula spec., Fragaria sp., ...
In 1859, the Reverent Alexander Irvine recorded the following species of plants on the Pewsey Downs; Cirsium acaule; Carduus ... nutans; Cirsium eriophorum; Draba verna; Bunium bulbocastanum; Spiraea filipendula; Medicago sativa; Onobrychis sativa; ...
Adults are polyphagous and generally feed on Ranunculus ssp., Cirsium ssp., Leucantherum vulgare, Myosotis ssp., Rubus ssp most ...
Cirsium arvense. . Seitz, A. Ed., 1914 Die Großschmetterlinge der Erde, Verlag Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart Band 3: Abt. 1, Die ...
A specimen of bullthistle or bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare), an invasive species native throughout most of Europe (north to 66° ... Barron, Robin; Holst, Erik M. (March 2000). "Bullthistle (Cirsium vulgare)". Lake Tahoe Watershed Assessment (PDF). II. United ...
Fallopia japonica) 3. Alliaria petiolata 4. Lonicera japonica 5. Menispermum canadense 6. Catalpa speciosa 7. Cirsium arvense 8 ...
Several botanical species have been named in his honor, including; Cirsium fominii Petr., Crinitaria fominii ( Kem.-Nath. ) ...
asters Cirsium sp. - thistles Daucus carota - wild carrot Dipsacus sylvestris - teasel Echinacea sp. - coneflowers Erigeron ...
Cirsium - thistle. *Crambe. *Filipendula - meadowsweet. *Galium - bedstraw. *Hieracium - hawkweed. *Lotus - bird's-foot trefoil ...
Cirsium vulgare). The plant strongly attracts very small butterflies (such as the Pearl Crescent) and also small hoverflies ...
In its native European range this species is often associated with the Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadow habitat ... ISBN 978-0-901158-35-2. C. Michael Hogan (October 12, 2009). N. Strömberg (ed.). "Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre". ...
Cirsium palustre); lady's bedstraw (Galium verum); mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris); celery-leaved crowfoot (Ranunculus scleratus ...
Thistles, Cirsium sp.. *Coneflowers, Echinacea sp.. *Fleabane, Erigeron sp.. *Common boneset, Eupatorium perfoliatum ...
Thistles (Cirsium spp. and Carduus spp.). Parental care[edit]. Oviposition[edit]. Hipparchia semele sometimes lay their eggs on ...
Canada Thistle Cirsium discolor (Muhl.) Sprengel - Field Thistle [Hand-out] Cirsium horridulum Michx. - Yellow Thistle Cirsium ... Maryland Golden Aster Cichorium intybus L. - Chicory Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. - ...
Larvae feed on Cirsium eriophorum. Insecta.pro Fauna Europaea Calyciphora at funet Eversmann, E. (1844): Fauna ...
aridella feed on Cirsium species. They may also create a blotch mine, which is full depth and little contracted. It is mostly ...
They also visit Cirsium arvense. These wasps apparently are single-brooded and fly from early June to early September. They ...
The larvae feed on Cirsium. Tortricidae.com Yinghui Sun; Houhun Li. "A Brief Summary of Tribe Cochylini from China (Lepidoptera ...
Cirsium arvense- Canada or creeping thistle. This species is ranked 71.00 (High) on the NYS Threat Assessment scale. Very High ...
It is found in the Palearctic . The larvae feed on Cirsium arvense. Terellia ruficauda North Wales Fauna Europaea Bei-Bienko, G ...
Center for Plant Conservation Cirsium vinaceum. Archived 2010-12-15 at the Wayback Machine Center for Plant Conservation.. ... Cirsium vinaceum), a threatened species. Looking south from the Sacramento Mountains Aerial View of the Sacramento Mountains. A ...
The larvae feed on Cirsium species. Landry, Bernard (June 1991). "Udea aenigmatica (Heinrich), New Combination (Lepidoptera; ...
Flies among waterside vegetation from May to September,. Flowers visited include Cirsium, Hieracium, Leontodon. Van der Goot,V. ...
The larvae feed on Cirsium species. They bore the stems of their host plant. "choreutidae.lifedesks.org". choreutidae.lifedesks ...
The larvae feed on Cirsium species. Listed alphabetically: P. p. barnesi Skinner, 1897 P. p. pallida Phyciodes mylitta - ...
The Mount Tamalpais thistle (Cirsium hydrophilum var. vaseyi), for example, is a rare variety of thistle known only from the ... ISBN 0-520-00578-3 ISBN 0-520-05621-3 California Native Plant Society: Cirsium hydrophilum var. vaseyi Callaghan, Catherine. ( ...
Flowers visited include white umbellifers, Cirsium, Taraxacum. Flies from May to September. The undescribed larva feeds on ...
... is home to the only two known occurrences of the Suisun thistle, Cirsium hydrophilum var. hydrophilum, a variety ... California Native Plant Society: Cirsium hydrophilum var. hydrophilum "Suisun thistle" (PDF). Bay Delta Fish & Wildlife Office ...
Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Cirsium spinosissimum linked to current category] [edit wikidata Cirsium ... Alpen-Kratzdistel (Cirsium spinosissimum) in den Sextener Dolomiten - Nähe Drei-Zinnen-Hütte (9801211414).jpg 2,976 × 3,968; ... Media in category "Cirsium spinosissimum". The following 45 files are in this category, out of 45 total. ... Alpen-Kratzdistel (Cirsium spinosissimum), Standort Nebelhorngipfel, 2224m IMG 7060.JPG 3,888 × 2,592; 3.93 MB. ...
... mountain thistle Cirsium segetum Cirsium serrulatum Cirsium setidens - gondre or Korean thistle Cirsium spinosissimum Cirsium ... Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium vulgare, have been traditionally used ... integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. mite Cirsium arvense var. vestitum Cirsium barnebyi - Barnebys thistle Cirsium ... meadow thistle Cirsium fontinale - fountain thistle Cirsium gilense - Gila thistle Cirsium grahamii - Grahams thistle Cirsium ...
Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop. var. hypoleucum DC., Cirsium abyssinicum Sch.Bip.ex A.Rich, ... Cirsium incanum (Gmel.) Fish, Cirsium ochrolepideum Juz., Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. ex Bieb., Breea arvensis (L.) Less., ... Canada thistle [Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.][CIRAR][CalEPPC: B][CDFA list: B] Photographs Map of Distribution ... Wavyleaf thistle [Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng.][CIRUN][CDFA list: B] Photographs Map of Distribution ...
... var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium ... Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. © 2016 Steve Matson. Cirsium ... Previous taxon: Cirsium andrewsii. Next taxon: Cirsium arizonicum var. arizonicum. Name Search ... Genus: Cirsium. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Common Name: THISTLE. Habit: Taprooted annual, biennial, or short-lived ...
Cirsium mohavense Jepson Manual Treatment of Cirsium mohavense Cirsium mohavense - Calphotos Photos gallery, University of ... Cirsium mohavense is a species of thistle known by the common names virgin thistle and Mojave thistle. It is native to the ... Cirsium mohavense is a biennial or perennial growing up to 2.5 meters (100 inches or 8 feet 4 inches) tall. The densely woolly ... The Plant List, Cirsium mohavense (Greene) Petr. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Calflora taxon ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
... © 2011 Neal Kramer. Cirsium douglasii var. douglasii. © 2013 Neal Kramer. Cirsium douglasii ... Cirsium douglasii var. douglasii. © 2013 Neal Kramer. Cirsium douglasii var. douglasii. © 2011 Neal Kramer. Cirsium douglasii ... Previous taxon: Cirsium douglasii var. breweri. Next taxon: Cirsium fontinale. Name Search ... Species: Cirsium douglasii. View Description. Common Name: SWAMP THISTLE. Habit: Biennial or perennial herb from taproot or ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_helenioides&oldid=2819671" ...
Cirsium lanceolatum synonyms, Cirsium lanceolatum pronunciation, Cirsium lanceolatum translation, English dictionary definition ... Noun 1. Cirsium lanceolatum - European thistle with rather large heads and prickly leaves; extensively naturalized as a weed in ... Cirsium lanceolatum - definition of Cirsium lanceolatum by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Cirsium+ ... Cirsium lanceolatum. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: ...
The consequences of predation in the population biology of the monocarpic species Cirsium palustre and Cirsium vulgare. ... Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop. Common Name: Marsh thistle. Synonyms and Other Names: Marsh plume thistle, European marsh thistle, ... Cirsium palustre is considered to be a medium to high threat species in New York and Michigan (Higman and Campbell 2009, New ... Cirsium palustre has a moderate environmental impact in the Great Lakes.. Realized:. Realized impacts on native species and ...
Browse the catalog for Cirsium.. Cirsium rivulare Atropurpureum. Cirsium rivulare Atropurpureum. Cirsium rivulare ...
Cirsium scariosum (USA) Cirsium scariosum (USA) ? Cirsium species ? Cirsium species Cirsium verutum ? Cirsium verutum Cirsium ... Cirsium argyracanthum Cirsium arvense Cirsium discolor (USA) Cirsium falconeri Cirsium falconeri ? Cirsium interpositum Cirsium ... Cirsium falconeri Asteraceae Falconers Thistle. Cirsium verutum Cirsium argyracanthum, Cirsium involucratum, Cnicus ... Cirsium involucratum DC. Var. horridum (HOOK.F.) BALAKR. (Cirsium involucratum var. horridum Hook.f. is a synonym of Cirsium ...
Long, thin, basal leaves of cirsium eatonii (Eatons thistle), along the Fern Lake Trail, Rocky Mountain National Park, ... Photographs of Cirsium Eatonii. Previous Photo. Long, thin, basal leaves of cirsium eatonii (Eatons thistle), along the Fern ... Keywords: Asteraceae, Cirsium Eatonii, Colorado, plants, wildflowers, pink flowers. License/purchase this photograph ...
4 Cirsium helenioides. +. Leaves 0.5-4 cm wide, main spines usually 3-5 mm; se United States. 15 Cirsium virginianum (in part) ... Key to Groups of Cirsium Species *Group 1 *Cirsium species of Great Plains, eastern North America, and Greenland *Group 2 * ... 7 Cirsium discolor (in part). +. Stems gray- or white-tomentose throughout; n Great Plains, occasion- ally eastward. 18 Cirsium ... Die nordamerikanischen Arten der Gattung Cirsium. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 223-567.. Cirsium species of Great Plains, ...
Pixdaus.com is an environmental photo-bookmarking and sharing service. All the pictures are uploaded by users and the copyrights belong to the rightholders. You can request a removal using the Copyright flag link below each image if you find an image that shouldnt belong here ...
Cirsium fangii Petrak, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44: 48. 1938. 峨眉蓟 e mei ji Herbs to 1.2 m tall, ?perennial. Stems branched ...
Similar species: Cirsium hillii is probably most similar to C. muticum and C. arvense, but both of those species normally have ... Etymology: Cirsium comes from both the Greek words kirsion, meaning a kind of thistle, and cirsos, meaning swollen vein, for ... 4 [Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng], but perennial with long, thickened roots, these traversed longitudinally by several ...
However, most reports of Cirsium undulatum in California are based upon misidentifications of C. canescens. Cirsium undulatum ... Etymology: Cirsium is Greek for thistle, while undulatum means wavy. Synonyms: Carduus undulatus, Cirsium megacephalum, C. ... Cirsium undulatum is both widespread and variable. Plants of the Great Plains region tend to be low-growing with a few large ... 9 [Cirsium flodmanii (Rydb.) Arthur]; stem 3-12 dm, usually branched above, densely, closely and persistently white-tomentose; ...
Cirsium andersonii, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is ...
Cirsium praeteriens, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California. ...
Cirsium carolinianum (Walter) Fernald & B.G. Schub.. Taxonomic Serial No.: 36352 (Download Help) Cirsium carolinianum TSN 36352 ...
Cirsium pumilum Spreng.. Taxonomic Serial No.: 36405 (Download Help) Cirsium pumilum TSN 36405 ... Cirsium pumilum var. hillii (Canby) B. Boivin - Hills thistle. Variety. Cirsium pumilum var. pumilum Spreng. - pasture thistle ...
Cirsium neomexicanum A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(6): 101. 1853. Desert or New Mexico thistle Cirsium arcuum A. Nelson ... The name Cirsium utahense has been widely applied in the past to plants that are here recognized as C. inamoenum. S. L. Welsh ( ...
Varieties of Cirsium available to buy include the following: CIRSIUM heterophyllum Pink Blush ,CIRSIUM rivulare ... Buy Varieties of CIRSIUM CIRSIUM heterophyllum Pink Blush , Commonly known as: Brooke thistle, Ornamental thistle . White ... CIRSIUM rivulare Frosted Magic , Commonly known as: Brook thistle, Ornamental thistle. Stiff upright habit and white thistle ... CIRSIUM rivulare Atropurpureum , Commonly known as: Brook thistle, Ornamental thistle. Tall, deep crimson thistle knobs held ...
Cirsium maculatum is Milk Thistle in Latin, botanical name. Is written in other languages: *Carduus marianus (Latin, botanical ... We do not have alternatives for Cirsium maculatum since it is relatively safe. ...
Leaves and stem - cirsium vulgare in the Stanislaus National Forest, California. High resolution version ... Photographs of Cirsium Vulgare. Previous Photo. Leaves and stem - cirsium vulgare in the Stanislaus National Forest, California ... Keywords: Asteraceae, Cirsium Vulgare, Oregon, wildflowers, plants, purple flowers. License/purchase this photograph ...
Etymology: Cirsium is Greek for thistle, while ochrocentrum means having and ochre-colored center. Synonyms: Cnicus ... Notes: Distinguished from other Cirsium spp. by being shorter (< 1 m tall); densely tomentose; having appressed phyllaries with ...
Cirsium lacerum Rydb., Cirsium magnificum Rydb., Cirsium minganense Vict., Cirsium oreophilum Rydb., Cirsium x erosum ] ... Cirsium butleri Rydb., more, Cirsium congdonii R.J.Moore & Frankton, Cirsium erosum Cockerell ex Daniels, Cirsium kelseyi Rydb ... After consulting with A. Cronquist and studying his manuscript treatment of Cirsium for the Intermountain Flora, D. J. Keil and ... Cirsium scariosum is a widely distributed complex of intergrading races distributed from southwestern Canada to northwestern ...
Cirsium arvense. Canada thistle. 306. 2 Sweden. Sweden. 1979. Cropland MCPA 40. Synthetic Auxins (O/4). 55. Cirsium arvense. ... Cirsium arvense). #. Country. Country. StateName. FirstYear. Situation. Active Ingredients. CountryID. Site of Action. WeedID. ... bramble), Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle), Senecio jacobea (common ragwort) and Trifolium repens (white clover) were only ... Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a dicot weed in the Asteraceae family. In Sweden this weed first evolved resistance to ...
Cirsium Vulgare), Scotland, UK Photographic Print by Gary Cook. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs ...
  • Extensions from the leaf base down the stem, called wings, can be lacking (Cirsium arvense), conspicuous (Cirsium vulgare), or inconspicuous. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can spread by seed, and also by rhizomes below the surface (Cirsium arvense). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium acarna - soldier thistle Cirsium acaule - stemless thistle, dwarf thistle Cirsium altissimum - roadside thistle, tall thistle Cirsium amblylepis - Mt. Tamalpais thistle Cirsium andersonii - Anderson's thistle, rose thistle Cirsium andrewsii - Franciscan thistle Cirsium arizonicum - Arizona thistle Cirsium arvense - creeping thistle, field thistle, Canada thistle Cirsium arvense var.argenteum Cirsium arvense var. (wikipedia.org)
  • integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. (wikipedia.org)
  • mite Cirsium arvense var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Canada thistle [ Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (ca.gov)
  • Cirsium hillii is probably most similar to C. muticum and C. arvense, but both of those species normally have more than five flowering heads, which are less than 3 cm broad, less than 3.5 cm high, and the spines on the phyllaries are less than 1 mm long. (vplants.org)
  • Canada thistle ( Cirsium arvense ) is a dicot weed in the Asteraceae family. (weedscience.org)
  • Selective pressure on Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (weedscience.org)
  • Since the 1950s, the perennial weed species Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (weedscience.org)
  • Cirsium arvense, commonly known as Californian thistle, is a problematic weed in New Zealand and around the world. (lincoln.ac.nz)
  • Cirsium arvense is one of the most economically important agricultural weeds in the world. (natureserve.org)
  • Despite its common name, Cirsium arvense is native to Eurasia and was apparently introduced to North America during the colonial period. (natureserve.org)
  • Cirsium arvense is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.90 metres tall. (kiev.ua)
  • Cirsium arvense can be used medicinally. (kiev.ua)
  • Canada thistle grows in a variety of habitats … Cirsium arvense is a typical Eurasian plant growing in Europe, in Middle East up to Siberia and Japan and in the northern side of the African continent. (kiev.ua)
  • Stagonospora cirsii, a fungal pathogen isolated from Cirsium arvense and proposed as a potential mycoherbicide of this perennial noxious weed, produces phytotoxic metabolites in liquid and solid cultures. (kiev.ua)
  • Cirsium arvense (syns. (conservationdistrict.org)
  • The Canadian Thistle, Cirsium arvense and and the Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare are both listed as noxious primarily by agricultural interests. (southwestdesertflora.com)
  • Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from China as a Biocontrol Agent of Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Cirsium is a genus of perennial and biennial flowering plants in the Asteraceae, one of several genera known commonly as thistles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium nuttallii (Asteraceae) is documented for North Carolina. (usgs.gov)
  • Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium vulgare, for instance, ranked in the top 10 for nectar production in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although such organizations focus on the benefits of native thistles, non-native thistles, such as Cirsium vulgare in North America, may provide similar benefits to wildlife. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium vulgare, have been traditionally used as food in rural areas of southern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bullthistle [ Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (ca.gov)
  • Cirsium vulgare has medicinal properties and can be used as "survival food" if necessary. (kiev.ua)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Cirsium (family Compositae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • Cirsium palustre, the marsh thistle or European swamp thistle, is a herbaceous biennial species of the genus Cirsium. (blogspot.com)
  • The genus Cirsium was published by Philip Miller in 1754. (southwestdesertflora.com)
  • The genus Cirsium in general, has received adverse notoriety because of the introduction of two thistles native to Europe and now widespread throughout North America. (southwestdesertflora.com)
  • Thistles of the genus Cirsium are regularly visited by many wildlife species such as small mammals, hummingbirds and nectar-feeding bats. (southwestdesertflora.com)
  • Thistles of the genus Cirsium are important as a group as they are provide nectar and pollen for bees and they are frequently visited by pollinators such as Native bees , bumblebees and an exceptionally large number of insects and butterflies. (southwestdesertflora.com)
  • Compound 2 was obtained from Cirsium genus for the first time , compounds 3 and 4 were obtained from this plant for the first time . (bvsalud.org)
  • Cirsium rivulare 'Frosted Magic' (Plume thistle 'Frosted Magic' ) will reach a height of 1.2m and a spread of 0.6m after 2-5 years. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • Rivulare literally means "growing by a stream", and this cirsium prefers damp and fertile ground. (loghouseplants.com)
  • Cirsium thistles are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species-see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Cirsium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some other common species are: Cirsium lanceolatum, Cirsium palustre, Cirsium oleraceum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium mohavense is a species of thistle known by the common names virgin thistle and Mojave thistle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plant ( Cirsium verutum ) is differentiated from related species C. wallichii by its usually purplish flowers (though white ones should also be expected if we follow FBI and Collett), outer as well as inner involucre bracts ending in spines longer than 5 mm. (google.com)
  • Only three genera in Cardueae are represented by native species in the New World, and of these Cirsium is by far the most widely distributed and diverse. (efloras.org)
  • Native species of Cirsium range from sea level to alpine and from boreal regions of Canada to the tropics of Central America. (efloras.org)
  • Many New World Cirsium species share the chromosomal base number of x = 17 that also predominates in most Eurasian species. (efloras.org)
  • Cirsium species of remarkably different morphologies often are able to hybridize. (efloras.org)
  • Additional hybrids are likely to be found where the ranges of Cirsium species overlap. (efloras.org)
  • I have seen no documentation of hybridization between native American Cirsium species and introduced Eurasian taxa. (efloras.org)
  • Much of the geographic range currently occupied by New World Cirsium species was greatly affected by the events of the Quaternary. (efloras.org)
  • Two endemic Cirsium species, C. leucopsis DC. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • cis-Epoxyconiferyl alcohol and 1'-O-methyl- balanophonin were isolated for the first time from Cirsium species. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Cirsium wrightii is listed by the state of New Mexico as a species of concern. (midwestherbaria.org)
  • In North America there are 91 species for Cirsium . (southwestdesertflora.com)
  • Additional tests of native North American Cirsium species and modern safflower cultivars (cv) were requested by regulators and specific interest groups during the risk assessment of foreign isolates of Puccinia jaceae var. (usda.gov)
  • Evaluations were conducted in a containment greenhouse and included new Cirsium species and new safflower cv that were high in oleic or linoleic acid. (usda.gov)
  • None of the Cirsium species became infected and only minor infections, similar to those in earlier studies, occurred on the modern safflower cultivars. (usda.gov)
  • Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop. (ca.gov)
  • Cirsium lanceolatum (Linnaeus) Scopoli, Fl. (usf.edu)
  • Cirsium lanceolatum (Linnaeus) Scopoli, forma crinitum (Boissier ex de Candolle) Knoche, Fl. (usf.edu)
  • The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), for instance, was highlighted as relying upon thistles such as Tall thistle (Cirsium altissimum) as nectar sources during its migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium comes from both the Greek words kirsion, meaning a kind of thistle, and cirsos, meaning 'swollen vein', for which thistles were once thought a remedy. (vplants.org)
  • Thistles (Cirsium spp. (kiev.ua)
  • Thistles (cirsium Sp. (tradebit.com)
  • 41. Cirsium neomexicanum A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. (efloras.org)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum is our most common roadside thistle in the Gila Wilderness. (wnmu.edu)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum branches like a candelabra from a point about 2/3 to the top when it has not been disturbed or mowed. (wnmu.edu)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum is found at lower to middle elevations in the Gila. (wnmu.edu)
  • Cirsium neomexicanum, photo Russ Kleinman, Burro Mtns. (wnmu.edu)
  • Additional study might clarify the relationships of these plants.Some specimens of Cirsium inamoenum in central Nevada and Utah approach C. neomexicanum. (biowikifarm.net)
  • Cirsium setosum (Willd. (ca.gov)
  • Guided by TNF-α secretion inhibitory activity assay, four taraxastane-type triterpenoids, including two new ones, 22-oxo-20-taraxasten-3β, 30-diol (1) and 22α-hydroxy-20-taraxasten-30β, 30-triol (2), have been obtained from an active fraction of the petroleum ether-soluble extract of the the medicinal and edible plant Cirsium setosum. (usda.gov)
  • To study the chemical constituents of Cirsium setosum (Willd. (bvsalud.org)
  • Beneficial effects of Cirsium japonicum var. (rsc.org)
  • Cirsium japonicum var. (rsc.org)
  • Anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effect of polyacetylene compound from Cirsium japonicum var. (jimmunol.org)
  • The role of 1-Heptadecene-11, 13-diyne-8, 9, 10-triol (PA), a polyacetylene compound isolated from the root of Cirsium japonicum var. (jimmunol.org)
  • Cirsium japonicum DC. (climb.com.tw)
  • Cirsium japonicum (Thunb. (climb.com.tw)
  • In order to look for new bioactive compounds, investigation on the chemical constituents, especially on the typical polyacetylenes from the rhizomes of Cirsium japonicum DC. (bvsalud.org)
  • Twelve compounds were isolated from the rhizomes of Cirsium japonicum DC. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cirsium abyssinicum Sch.Bip.ex A.Rich, Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd. (ca.gov)
  • In other cases hybridization has been invoked without much evidence as an explanation for Cirsium variants encountered in herbaria or in the field. (efloras.org)
  • The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Cirsium palustre are found here . (usgs.gov)
  • Cirsium palustre has been classified as both a biennial and a monocarpic perennial (Pons and During 1987). (usgs.gov)
  • Cirsium undulatum is widely distributed in the wstern half of North America from the dry plains and plateaus of the Pacific Northwest eastward across the Great Plains to Manitoba and the Dakotas and south to Texas, New Mexico, and northwestern Mexico. (vplants.org)
  • Cirsium undulatum is both widespread and variable. (vplants.org)
  • However, most reports of Cirsium undulatum in California are based upon misidentifications of C. canescens . (vplants.org)
  • Cirsium undulatum is known to hybridize with C. flodmanii, C. hookerianum , and C. scariosum var. (vplants.org)
  • Cirsium mohavense is a biennial or perennial growing up to 2.5 meters (100 inches or 8 feet 4 inches) tall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stout, short-lived perennial from a taproot, this sometimes branching below-ground and producing more than one stem, but without the well developed creeping roots of no. 9 [Cirsium flodmanii (Rydb. (vplants.org)
  • Cirsium andersonii , a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. (calflora.org)
  • Cirsium praeteriens , a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California. (calflora.org)
  • Cirsium dissectum , kent as Meadow Thistle an aw, is an erect perennial yerb. (wikipedia.org)
  • BASIONYM: Cirsium muticum Michaux 1803. (usf.edu)
  • Cirsium muticum Michaux, forma lactiflorum Fernald, Rhodora 35: 369. (usf.edu)
  • Cirsium muticum Michaux, forma subpinnatifidum (Britton) Fernald, Rhodora 45: 353. (usf.edu)
  • Cirsium muticum f. lactiflorum Michx. (wisc.edu)
  • Cirsium is Greek for thistle, while ochrocentrum means having and ochre-colored center. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • The similar Cirsium ochrocentrum var. (wnmu.edu)
  • Serratula arvensis L., Cirsium incanum (Gmel. (ca.gov)
  • خارلته ( Cirsium arvensis ) یکی از مهمترین علف-های هرز مسأله-ساز دنیا و از معضلات مزرعه، باغات، مراتع و چراگاه-ها است. (ac.ir)
  • The name Cirsium utahense has been widely applied in the past to plants that are here recognized as C. inamoenum . (efloras.org)
  • The Tall Thistle (Cirsium altissimum) ranges from 4-5 feet in height with dark to light purple flower heads. (nps.gov)
  • Chemical constituents and biological activities of Cirsium leucopsis, C. sipyleum, and C. eriophorum. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • BASIONYM: Cirsium crinitum Boissier ex de Candolle 1838. (usf.edu)
  • Cirsium scariosum is a widely distributed complex of intergrading races distributed from southwestern Canada to northwestern Mexico. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • After consulting with A. Cronquist and studying his manuscript treatment of Cirsium for the Intermountain Flora , D. J. Keil and C. E. Turner (1993) also accepted a broadly construed C. scariosum . (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Cirsium maculatum is Milk Thistle in Latin, botanical name. (e-lactancia.org)