A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain pectolinarin (a flavonoid glycoside).
A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.

Dynamics of a mutualism in a multi-species context. (1/12)

Despite recent findings that mutualistic interactions between two species may be greatly affected by species external to the mutualism, the implications of such multi-species interactions for the population dynamics of the mutualists are virtually unexplored. In this paper, we ask how the mutualism between the shoot-base boring weevil Apion onopordi and the rust fungus Puccinia punctiformis is influenced by the dynamics of their shared host plant Cirsium arvense, and vice versa. In particular, we hypothesized that the distribution of the weevil's egg load between healthy and rust-infected thistles may regulate the abundance of the mutualists and their host plant. In contrast to our expectations we found that the dynamics of the mutualists are largely determined by the dynamics of their host. This is, to our knowledge, the first demonstration that the dynamics of a mutualism are driven by a third, non-mutualistic species.  (+info)

Flavonoid compounds from the flowers of Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. (2/12)

Seven flavonoid compounds: tricin, apigenin, luteolin, hispidulin, acacetin 7-O-beta-D-rutinoside (linarin), apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronide and apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucoside were isolated from the flowers of Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. Their structure were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods (UV, 1H NMR, 13C NMR) and comparison data of the literature. Six of them were isolated for the first time from this plant.  (+info)

Genome size variation in Central European species of Cirsium (Compositae) and their natural hybrids. (3/12)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nuclear DNA amounts of 12 diploid and one tetraploid taxa and 12 natural interspecific hybrids of Cirsium from 102 populations in the Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary were estimated. METHODS: DAPI and PI flow cytometry were used. KEY RESULTS: 2C-values of diploid (2n = 34) species varied from 2.14 pg in C. heterophyllum to 3.60 pg in C. eriophorum (1.68-fold difference); the 2C value for the tetraploid C. vulgare was estimated at 5.54 pg. The DNA contents of hybrids were located between the values of their putative parents, although usually closer to the species with the smaller genome. Biennial species of Cirsium possessed larger nuclear DNA amounts than their perennial relatives. Genome size was negatively correlated with Ellenberg's indicator values for continentality and moisture and with eastern limits of distribution. A negative relationship was also detected between the genome size and the tendency to form natural interspecific hybrids. On the contrary, C-values positively corresponded with the spinyness (degree of spinosity). AT frequency ranged from 48.38 % in C. eriophorum to 51.75 % in C. arvense. Significant intraspecific DNA content variation in DAPI sessions was detected in C. acaule (probably due to the presence of B-chromosomes), and in tetraploid C. vulgare. Only the diploid level was confirmed for the Pannonian C. brachycephalum, generally considered to be tetraploid. In addition, triploidy was discovered for the first time in C. rivulare. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable differences in nuclear DNA content exist among Central European species of Cirsium on the diploid level. Perennial soft spiny Cirsium species of wet habitats and continental distributions generally have smaller genomes. The hybrids of diploid species remain diploid, and their DNA content is smaller than the mean of the parents. Species with smaller genomes produce interspecific hybrids more frequently.  (+info)

Pectolinarin and Pectolinarigenin of Cirsium setidens Prevent the Hepatic Injury in Rats Caused by D-Galactosamine via an Antioxidant Mechanism. (4/12)

To identify the hepatoprotective component from the leaves of Cirsium setidens (Compositae), the methanolic extract was divided into two fractions, chloroform and butanol fractions, and their hepatoprotective efficacy was evaluated in a rat model of hepatic injury caused by D-galactosamine (GalN). Hepatoprotective activity was measured by the activity of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Glutathione metabolism was measured via biochemical parameters such as glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GR), gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels. We subjected the butanol fraction, which had higher activity, to column chromatography to yield pectolinarin, which was further hydrolyzed to yield pectolinarigenin. Administration (10, 20 mg/kg, p.o.) of the main flavonoid glycoside component, pectolinarin, and its aglycone, pectolinarigenin, for 2 weeks significantly decreased the activity levels of AST, ALT, ALP and LDH, indicating that the two compounds have hepatoprotective activity. Pectolinarin and pectolinarigenin also increased activity levels of GSH, GR, GCS, and GST, as well as SOD. The significant effect was only seen in SOD activity. This suggests that the two components exhibit hepatoprotective activity mainly via SOD antioxidant mechanism.  (+info)

Anti-inflammatory activity of pectolinarigenin and pectolinarin isolated from Cirsium chanroenicum. (5/12)

In order to identify the active anti-inflammatory ingredient(s) in Cirsium chanroenicum (Compositae), its methanol extract and several solvent fractions were prepared; the methanol extract and the ethylacetate fraction inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-mediated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX)-mediated leukotriene (LT) production in lipopolysaccharide-treated RAW 264.7 cells and A23187-treated rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-1) cells, respectively. Further bioactivity-guided fractionation of the ethylacetate fraction using column chromatography led to the isolation of pectolinarigenin (5,7-dihydroxy-4',6-dimethoxyflavone), along with pectolinarin [pectolinarigenin 7-rhamnosyl-(1-->6)-glucoside]. Pectolinarigenin strongly inhibited COX-2-mediated PGE2 and 5-LOX-mediated LT production at >1 microM, indicating that it is a dual inhibitor of COX-2/5-LOX. However, pectolinarigenin did not affect COX-2 expression or nuclear transcription factor (NF-kappaB) activation. In addition, in vivo studies demonstrated that oral administration of these two compounds at 20-100 mg/kg resulted in similar inhibitory activities against several animal models of inflammation/allergy: arachidonic acid-induced mouse ear edema, carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. All of these results suggest that pectolinarigenin and pectolinarin possess anti-inflammatory activity and that they may inhibit eicosanoid formation in inflammatory lesions. These activities certainly contribute to the anti-inflammatory mechanism of C. chanroenicum.  (+info)

Body fat mass reduction and up-regulation of uncoupling protein by novel lipolysis-promoting plant extract. (6/12)

We have found natural products exhibiting lipolysis-promoting activity in subcutaneous adipocytes, which are less sensitive to hormones than visceral adipocytes. The activities and a action mechanisms of a novel plant extract of Cirsium oligophyllum (CE) were investigated in isolated adipocytes from rat subcutaneous fat, and its fat-reducing effects by peroral administration and topical application were evaluated in vivo. CE-induced lipolysis was synergistically enhanced by caffeine, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and was reduced by propranolol, a beta adrenergic antagonist. The peroral administration of 10% CE solution to Wistar rats for 32 days reduced body weight gain, subcutaneous, and visceral fat weights by 6.6, 26.2, and 3.0%, respectively, as compared to the control group. By the topical application of 2% of this extract to rats for 7 days, weight of subcutaneous fat in the treated skin was reduced by 23.2%. This fat mass reduction was accompanied by the up-regulation of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP), a principal thermogenic mitochondrial molecule related to energy dissipating, in subcutaneous fat and UCP3 in skin except for the fat layer. These results indicate that CE promotes lipolysis via a mechanism involving the beta adrenergic receptor, and affects the body fat mass. This fat reduction may be partially due to UCP up-regulation in the skin including subcutaneous fat. This is the first report showing that repeated lipolysis promotion through CE administration may be beneficial for the systematic suppression of body fat accumulation or the control of fat distribution in obesity.  (+info)

Performance of host-races of the fruit fly, Tephritis conura on a derived host plant, the cabbage thistle Cirsium oleraceum: implications for the original host shift. (7/12)

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Cirsium japonicum flavones enhance adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. (8/12)

Cirsium japonicum flavones have been demonstrated to possess anti-diabetic effects in diabetic rats, but the functional mechanism remains unknown. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays an important role in glucose and lipid homeostasis. In this study, we report the effects of Cirsium japonicum flavones (pectolinarin and 5,7-dihydroxy-6,4-dimethoxy flavone) on PPARgamma activation, adipocyte differentiation, and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells. Reporter gene assays and Oil Red O staining showed that Cirsium japonicum flavones induced PPARgamma activation and enhanced adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, Cirsium japonicum flavones increased the expression of PPARgamma target genes, such as adiponectin and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and enhanced the translocation of intracellular GLUT4 to the plasma membrane. In mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, Cirsium japonicum flavones significantly enhanced the basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. The flavones-induced effects in 3T3-L1 cells were abolished by the PPARgamma antagonist, GW9662, and by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, wortmannin. This study suggests that Cirsium japonicum flavones promote adipocyte differentiation and glucose uptake by inducing PPARgamma activation and then modulating the insulin signaling pathway in some way, which could benefit diabetes patients.  (+info)

"Cirsium" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, also known as the aster or daisy family. These plants are commonly known as thistles and include many species that are native to various parts of the world. They are often characterized by their prickly leaves and stems, and some species are considered invasive due to their ability to spread quickly in new environments.

The medical definition of "Cirsium" is not widely established, as the genus does not contain any plants that are commonly used for medicinal purposes. While some species of Cirsium have been used in traditional medicine in various cultures, there is limited scientific evidence to support their effectiveness or safety. Therefore, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before using any plant or herbal remedy for medical purposes.

Flavones are a type of flavonoid, which is a class of plant and fungal metabolites. They are characterized by a phenylbenzopyrone structure, consisting of two benzene rings (A and B) linked through a heterocyclic pyrone ring (C). Flavones specifically have a double bond between the second and third carbon atoms in the C ring, which contributes to their planar structure.

Flavones are found in various plants, including fruits, vegetables, and herbs, and they have been studied for their potential health benefits. Some common flavones include luteolin, apigenin, and chrysin. These compounds have been shown to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties in laboratory studies, but more research is needed to determine their effectiveness and safety in humans.

... mountain thistle Cirsium segetum Cirsium serrulatum Cirsium setidens - gondre or Korean thistle Cirsium spinosissimum Cirsium ... Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium vulgare, have been traditionally used ... integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. mite Cirsium arvense var. vestitum Cirsium barnebyi - Barneby's thistle Cirsium ... funky thistle Cirsium gilense - Gila thistle Cirsium grahamii - Graham's thistle Cirsium griseum - gray thistle Cirsium hallii ...
... is an endemic flowering plant of Taiwan within the family Asteraceae. Its common name in Chinese, the ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Cirsium, Endemic flora of Taiwan) ...
... Jepson Manual Treatment of Cirsium mohavense Cirsium mohavense - Calphotos Photos gallery, University of ... Cirsium mohavense is a species of thistle known by the common names virgin thistle and Mojave thistle. It is native to the ... Cirsium mohavense is a biennial or perennial growing up to 2.5 meters (100 inches or 8 feet 4 inches) tall. The densely woolly ... The Plant List, Cirsium mohavense (Greene) Petr. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Calflora taxon ...
... is a sparsely-branched perennial herb up to 60 cm (24 in) tall, with a woody taproot. Leaves are oblong to ... Cirsium barnebyi, or Barneby's thistle, is a North American plant species native to the Rocky Mountains of the western United ... Flora of North America, Barneby's thistle, Cirsium barnebyi S. L. Welsh & Neese, Biota of North America Program 2014 county ... Cirsium, Flora of Colorado, Flora of Wyoming, Flora of Utah, Flora of the Rocky Mountains, Plants described in 1981, Flora ...
... is a perennial plant with white flowers from May to June that grows to a height of 40-150 centimetres (16-59 ... Cirsium boninense is classed as Near Threatened on the Ministry of the Environment Red List. According to the Red Data Book ... Cirsium boninense (オガサワラアザミ, Ogasawara-azami) is a species of thistle in the family Asteraceae that is endemic to the Bonin ... オガサワラアザミ [Cirsium boninense] (in Japanese). National Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 7 May 2022. 維管束植物 [Vascular Plants ...
... grows to about 35-110 cm and has a taproot, sometimes with root sprouts. The plant is spiny and should be ... Cirsium lecontei occurs mostly in North Carolina but even there it appears to be rare. Its presence is also rare from South ... The Plant List, Cirsium lecontei Torr. & A.Gray Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Keil, David J. & ... Cirsium lecontei, often called the Le Conte's thistle, is a North American plant species native to the southeastern United ...
... is a biennial herb up to 180 cm (6 feet) tall, with a relatively short taproot. Leaves have small, thin ... Cirsium carolinianum is a North American species of plants in the tribe Cardueae within the family Asteraceae. Common name is ... The Plant List, Cirsium carolinianum (Walter) Fernald & B.G. Schub. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map ... Cirsium, Flora of the United States, Plants described in 1788, All stub articles, Cardueae stubs). ...
... The Nature Conservancy. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Cirsium ownbeyi. Flora of ... Cirsium ownbeyi, or Ownbey's thistle, is a rare North American species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceaey. It is ... Cirsium ownbeyi is a perennial herb growing 30 to 70 centimeters (12-28 inches) tall from a taproot and branched caudex. There ... Great Basin Naturalist 42(2): 200-201 Cirsium ownbeyi. Archived 2011-10-26 at the Wayback Machine Center for Plant Conservation ...
Varieties Cirsium cymosum var. canovirens (Rydb.) D.J.Keil - most of species range Cirsium cymosum var. cymosum - California, ... Cirsium cymosum (E. Greene) J. Howell, peregrine thistle Flora of North America, Cirsium cymosum (Greene) J. T. Howell Flora of ... Cirsium cymosum is a biennial or perennial herb with a maximum height just 100 cm (39 in). It is coated in soft and coarse ... Cirsium cymosum is a North American species of thistle known by the common name peregrine thistle. It is native to the western ...
... , the alcove thistle, or Rydberg's thistle, is North American species of perennial plants in the family ... The Plant List, Cirsium rydbergii Petr. Canyon Country Wildflowers, Damian Fagan, 2nd ed., 2012, Morris Bush Publishing, LLC. ... 111 Cirsium rydbergii is a large perennial herb sometimes reaching a height of 300 cm (10 feet). It has no or very few branches ... Cirsium, Plants described in 1817, Taxa named by Franz Petrak, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub ...
The Plant List, Cirsium vinaceum (Wooton & Standl.) Wooton & Standl. Cirsium vinaceum. The Nature Conservancy. Cirsium vinaceum ... Cirsium vinaceum. New Mexico Rare Plants. USFWS. Final rule to determine Cirsium vinaceum (Sacramento Mountain Thistle) to be ... Cirsium vinaceum is a rare species of thistle known by the common name Sacramento Mountains thistle. It is endemic to Otero ... 1997). Aquatic seed dispersal and its implications in Cirsium vinaceum, a threatened endemic thistle of New Mexico. American ...
... had pale purple flowers and soft spines and was somewhat smaller than the extant Cirsium boninense. It used ... トヨシマアザミ [Cirsium toyoshimae] (in Japanese). National Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 7 May 2022. トヨシマアザミ [Cirsium ... Cirsium toyoshimae (トヨシマアザミ, Toyoshima-azami) is an extinct species of thistle in the family Asteraceae that was endemic to the ... Cirsium toyoshimae is classed as extinct on the Ministry of the Environment Red List. Ministry of the Environment, ed. (2015). ...
... is a North American species of thistle known by the common names Anderson's thistle and rose thistle. It is ... The Plant List, Cirsium andersonii (A.Gray) Petr. Flora of North America Biota of North America Program 2014 county ... It was originally named Cnicus andersonii after Charles Lewis Anderson by Asa Gray; its name was later changed to Cirsium ... Cirsium, Plants described in 1874, Flora of the Western United States, Taxa named by Asa Gray, Flora without expected TNC ...
Varieties Cirsium horridulum var. horridulum - from Maine to Guatemala Cirsium horridulum var. megacanthum (Nutt.) D.J.Keil - ... The Plant List, Cirsium horridulum Michx. "Plants Profile for Cirsium horridulum (yellow thistle)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved ... The Cirsium genus is listed as a noxious weed in Arkansas and Iowa. The Houma people make an infusion of the leaves and root of ... Cirsium horridulum, called bristly thistle, purple thistle, or yellow thistle is a North American species of plants in the ...
... is a biennial or perennial herb up to 80 cm (32 inches) tall. Leaves have small, narrow spines along the edges ... Cirsium repandum is a North American species of plants in the tribe Cardueae within the family Asteraceae. Common names include ... The Plant List, Cirsium repandum Michx. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Flora of North America, ... Cirsium, Flora of the Southeastern United States, Plants described in 1803, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All ...
... Media related to Cirsium douglasii at Wikimedia Commons Jepson Manual treatment - Cirsium douglasii Cirsium ... douglasii - California The Plant List, Cirsium douglasii DC. "Cirsium douglasii_EOL". "Calflora_genus: Cirsium". Biota of North ... Varieties Cirsium douglasii var. breweri (A.Gray) D.J.Keil & C.E.Turner - California, Oregon, Nevada Cirsium douglasii var. ... This native thistle, Cirsium douglasii, is a biennial or short-lived perennial herb growing up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) tall, ...
Flora of North America: Cirsium arizonicum Jepson Flora: Cirsium arizonicum USDA Plants Profile: Cirsium arizonicum Biota of ... Cirsium arizonicum var. tenuisectum D.J.Keil. Desert mountains thistle - California, Nevada, Sonora The Plant List, Cirsium ... Cirsium arizonicum is a herbaceous plant that can be either biennial or perennial, reaching 30-150 cm in height. The spiny ... Cirsium arizonicum, the Arizona thistle, is a North American species of thistle in the family Asteraceae, native to the ...
... , the edible thistle or Indian thistle, is a species of thistle in the genus Cirsium, native to western North ... Varieties Cirsium edule var. edule - Oregon, Washington Cirsium edule var. macounii (Greene) D.J.Keil - Oregon, Washington, ... edule wenatchense D.J.Keil - Washington The Plant List, Cirsium edule Nutt. USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Cirsium edule". The PLANTS ... Edible Thistle Cirsium edule var. wenatchense Media related to Cirsium edule at Wikimedia Commons v t e (Articles with short ...
... , the woolly thistle, is a herbaceous biennial species of flowering plant in the genus Cirsium of the family ... ISBN 3-8001-3131-5. "Cirsium eriophorum". Plants For A Future. Retrieved 14 July 2020. "Cirsium eriophorum". Online Atlas of ... Cirsium eriophorum, Wollköpfige Kratzdistel in German with photo Terra Alapítvány, Növény adatlap, Cirsium eriophorum, Gyapjas ... Cirsium eriophorum has a Central and Western Europe distribution. Its range extends from Upper Volga and the Balkans to the ...
... is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Asteraceae. Its native range is Eastern Central ... "Cirsium brachycephalum Juratzka , Plants of the World Online , Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 19 February ... Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Cirsium). ...
The Plant List, Cirsium parryi (A.Gray) Petr. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map Cirsium parryi. Flora ... Cirsium parryi is a biennial herb with a hairy stem growing up to 200 cm (80 inches) tall or more. The leaves are oblong or ... Cirsium parryi, or Parry's thistle, is a species of North American flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. It is native to ... Cirsium, Plants described in 1874, Flora of the Western United States, Taxa named by Asa Gray). ...
Varieties Cirsium pumilum var. hillii (Canby) B. Boivin - Great Lakes region, upper Mississippi Valley Cirsium pumilum var. ... Cirsium hillii Flora of North America, Pasture thistle, Cirsium pumilum (Nuttall) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 375. 1826. v t e ( ... Cirsium pumilum is a biennial or perennial herb up to 100 cm (40 inches) tall, blooming once before dying. It has leaf blades ... Cirsium pumilum, the pasture thistle, is a North American species of plants in the tribe Cardueae within the family Asteraceae ...
Finnish Lepidoptera Cirsium arvense The Ecology of Commanster: Cirsium arvense Archived 2007-08-26 at the Wayback Machine ... Cirsium arvense var. arvense. Leaves shallowly to deeply pinnatifid, often asymmetrical. Cirsium arvense var. horridum (Wimm ... The Biology of Canadian Weeds: Cirsium arvense list four varieties: Cirsium arvense var. vestitum (Wimm. & Grab). Leaves gray- ... Cirsium arvense (Linnaeus) Scopoli] Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo dei campi comune, Acker-Kratzdistel, åkertistel, Cirsium ...
Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 40: 51 as Cirsium ochrocentrum var. durangense Tropicos, Cirsium ... Cirsium durangense has pinnately lobed leaves with spines on the tips of the lobes. The leaves have a woolly covering when they ... Cirsium durangense, the Durango thistle , is Mexican species of plants in the tribe Cardueae within the family Asteraceae. The ... The Plant List, Cirsium durangense (Greenm.) G.B.Ownbey Greenman, Jesse More 1904. ...
... NatureServe. Panjabi, S.S. and D.G. Anderson (2004, August 31). Cirsium perplexans (Rydb.) Petrak (Rocky ... Cirsium perplexans is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae known by the common names Rocky Mountain thistle ... Cirsium perplexans. Flora of North America. (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, ... The weevil Larinus planus has been released near the habitat of C. perplexans for the biological control of Cirsium arvense. It ...
... is a perennial herb up to 120 cm (4 feet) tall, with a large taproot. Leaves have spines along the edge. ... Cirsium brevifolium is a North American species of plants in the tribe Cardueae within the family Asteraceae. Common name is ... The Plant List, Cirsium brevifolium Nutt. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map photo of herbarium ... Cirsium brevifolium Nutt. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with ' ...
... is a rare species of thistle known by the common name La Graciosa thistle. It is endemic to California, ... Cirsium, Flora of California, Plants described in 1917, Flora of Northern America, Taxa named by Franz Petrak, All stub ... population of thistles may be reevaluated as taxonomy studies suggest they may be members of the more common species Cirsium ...
The Plant List, Cirsium hookerianum Nutt. Flora of North America, Hooker's or white thistle, Cirsium hookerianum Nutt. Biota of ... Cirsium hookerianum is biennial or perennial herb up to 150 cm (60 inches) tall, with a large taproot. Leaves are green on top ... Cirsium hookerianum, common name Hooker's thistle or white thistle, is a North American species of thistle native to western ... Cirsium, Flora of Northern America, Plants described in 1841, All stub articles, Cardueae stubs). ...
... , the cabbage thistle or Siberian thistle, is a species of thistle in the genus Cirsium within the family ... Cirsium oleraceum is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.5 m tall, the stems unbranched or with only a very few branches ... includes photos and European distribution map Mansfield crop database: Cirsium oleraceum Archived 2007-03-05 at archive.today ... Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo giallastro, Siberian thistle, Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop. ...
... is an annual or biennial herb known to reach 300 cm (10 feet) in height. The thick stem is hollow and may ... Cirsium crassicaule is a species of thistle known by the common name slough thistle. It is endemic to the San Joaquin Valley of ... "NatureServe Explorer 2.0". The Plant List, Cirsium crassicaule (Greene) Jeps. Biota of North America Program 2014 county ... Cirsium crassicaule Greene, Edward Lee 1893. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 44(3): 357-358 as ...
... mountain thistle Cirsium segetum Cirsium serrulatum Cirsium setidens - gondre or Korean thistle Cirsium spinosissimum Cirsium ... Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium vulgare, have been traditionally used ... integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. mite Cirsium arvense var. vestitum Cirsium barnebyi - Barnebys thistle Cirsium ... funky thistle Cirsium gilense - Gila thistle Cirsium grahamii - Grahams thistle Cirsium griseum - gray thistle Cirsium hallii ...
Previous taxon: Cirsium arizonicum var. tenuisectum. Next taxon: Cirsium brevistylum. Name Search Botanical illustration ... Genus: Cirsium. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Common Name: THISTLE. Habit: Taprooted annual, biennial, or short-lived ... View the CDFA Pest Rating page for Cirsium arvense. Weed listed by Cal-IPC List of species Cirsium andersonii Cirsium andrewsii ... Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.. NATURALIZED. Habit: Perennial herb 5--10 dm, from runner roots; herbage green to +- appressed gray- ...
Cirsium altissimum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell ... Cirsium altissimum. Taxonavigation[edit]. Taxonavigation: Asterales Classification System: APG IV Superregnum: Eukaryota Regnum ... Cirsium altissimum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 20 Apr. 2018.. Vernacular names[edit]. English: Tall ... Cirsium altissimum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 20. ...
... wavy-edged leaf of cirsium undulatum, Hwy 101, Abajo Mountains, Utah; Southwest USA wildflowers ... Photographs of Cirsium Undulatum. Plants , Wildflowers , Asteraceae , Cirsium Undulatum. Previous Photo. Hairy, wavy-edged leaf ... Keywords: Asteraceae, Cirsium Undulatum, Utah, wavy-leaf thistle, pink flowers, asteraceae, wildflowers. ...
View all photos in CalPhotos of Cirsium remotifolium var. odontolepis *Check Google Images for Cirsium remotifolium var. ... Cirsium remotifolium var. odontolepis Photographer: Hunter Breck. Collection: Calflora. ID: 0000 0000 0218 0326 (2018-02-05). ... The photographers identification Cirsium remotifolium var. odontolepis has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment ... View Calflora record for Cirsium remotifolium var. odontolepis* ... original filename: Cirsium remotifolium var odontolepis3.jpg ...
It is a biennial with a tap root, not a rhizomatous root like agressive, non-native Canada thistle - Cirsium arvense). As a ...
Cirsium hydrophilum var. vaseyi is a perennial herb that is native to California, and endemic (limited) to California. ... Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jeps. var. vaseyi (A. Gray) J. T. Howell Mt. Tamalpais thistle, Vaseys thistle ...
Cirsium japonicum var. horridum Nakai is a synonym of Cirsium japonicum (Thunb.) Fisch. ex DC. This name is a synonym of ... Cirsium japonicum (Thunb.) Fisch. ex DC. .. The record derives from TICA (data supplied on 2012-02-11. ) which reports it as a ...
Lalbum Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. contiene 19 immagini.. 19 immagini dellentità Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. presenti. ... Come citare questa pagina: Acta Plantarum, 2007 in avanti - "Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. - Scheda IPFI, Acta Plantarum Cirsium: [Asteraceae] dal greco κίρσιον kírsion cardone e questo da κρισός kirsós varice, ingrossamento delle vene: questa ... How to cite this page: Acta Plantarum, from 2007 on - "Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. - Scheda IPFI, Acta Plantarum
For each species, lists of natural communities were derived from review of the nearly 6,500 element occurrences in the MNFI database, in addition to herbarium label data for some taxa. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. For certain taxa, especially poorly collected or extirpated species of prairie and savanna habitats, natural community lists were derived from inferences from collection sites and habitat preferences in immediately adjacent states (particularly Indiana and Illinois). Natural communities are not listed for those species documented only from altered or ruderal habitats in Michigan, especially for taxa that occur in a variety of habitats outside of the state.. Natural communities are not listed in order of frequency of occurrence, but are rather derived from the full set of natural communities, organized by Ecological Group. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. ...
Wetland management impacts to Pecos sunflower (Helianthus paradoxus), Wrightâ¿¿s marsh thistle (Cirsium wrightii) and Leoncita ... Pecos sunflower (Helianthus paradoxus; endangered), Wrights marsh thistle (Cirsium wrightii; Species of Concern; candidate ...
Genus: Cirsium. Sectiones: C. sect. Cirsium - C. sect. Cephalonoplos - C. sect. Hymenolepis - C. sect. Isolepis - C. sect. ... Cirsium. Accessed: 6 Oct 2023.. *Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Cirsium in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum ... Cirsium Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4.: [s.p.] (1754). *Type species: Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill, vide Britton & Brown ( ... Cirsium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 6 Oct 2023.. *International Plant Names Index. 2024. Cirsium. ...
leiocephalum D.C.Eaton, Cirsium hookerianum var. eriocephalum , Cirsium olivescens Rydb., Cirsium polyphyllum Rydb., Cirsium ... Cirsium eatonii var. harrisonii S.L.Welsh, moreCirsium eriocephalum var. ... Cirsium eatonii is a polymorphic species widely distributed in a high elevation archipelago across the central Rocky Mountains ...
The Marsh Thistle Wildflower (Cirsium palustre) is of the family Asteraceae which is in the genus Cirsium. ... Labels: Bog of Allen, Bogs of Ireland, Cirsium palustre, Co. Kildare, Ireland, Irish Wildflowers, Lullymore, Marsh Thistle, ... MARSH THISTLE WILDFLOWER (Cirsium palustre) Lullymore West Bog, Lullymore, Co. Kildare, Ireland ...
PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Cirsium hookerianum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database. ... Cirsium hookerianum Nutt.. Publication: Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 418. 1841. ...
All Photos of Cirsium fontinale var. campylon * Options *View in Slide show Order ...
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":"Cirsium riv. Frosted Magic","public_title":null,"options":["Default Title"],"price":995,"weight":0,"compare_at_price":995," ...
Cirsium vulgares. native. northern Ranch reservoir. yes. 13. 5/25/17. Modoc hawksbeard. Asteraceae. Crepis modocensis. native. ...
A photo from the - Europe, Tour Mont Blanc - gallery, part of a vast collection of outdoor photographs, travel diaries, travelogue presentations, tips, recommended links and more.
Cirsium japonicum DC. Cirsium japonicum DC. (Compositae) is very well-known perennial herb in China, Japan, and Korea. It is ... "LC-MS/MS determination and pharmacokinetic study of seven flavonoids in rat plasma after oral administration of Cirsium ...
Plant Surveys from the Sky Using an Unmanned Aerial System : a Case Study on Cirsium pitcheri in Wilderness State Park, ... Cirsium -- Michigan -- Wilderness State Park; Sand dune plants -- Michigan; Plants -- Remote sensing; Drone aircraft; ...
Cirsium pumilum var. hillii, Hills thistle;. § (42) Cladium mariscoides, twig rush;. § (43) Crataegus calpodendron, late ...
Cpyr Cirsium pyrenaicum, Cres Crepis sp., Cvul Cirsium vulgare, Dcar Daucus carota, Dglo Dactylis glomerata, Hmur Hordeum ... Cpyr Cirsium pyrenaicum, Cres Crepis sp., Cvul Cirsium vulgare, Dcar Daucus carota, Dglo Dactylis glomerata, Hmur Hordeum ... Carv Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Ccup Carex cuprina (I. Sándor ex Heuff.) Nendtv. ex A. Kern., Cmon Crataegus monogyna Jacq., ... Carv Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Ccup Carex cuprina (I. Sándor ex Heuff.) Nendtv. ex A. Kern., Cmon Crataegus monogyna Jacq., ...
Cirsium arvense. Canada thistle. rhizomes*. Euphorbia cyparissias. Cypress spurge. lateral root buds. ...
Please enter a valid date format DD-MM-YYYY i.e. 20-04-2021 ...
Mutualistic interaction between a weevil and a rust fungus, two parasites of the weed Cirsium arvense Oecologia (2001) , ... Establishing systemic rust infections in Cirsium arvense in the field Biocontrol Science and Technology (2008) , Journal ... Establishing systemic rust infections in Cirsium arvense in the field Biocontrol Science and Technology 18, 209-214 (2008) , ... Direct and indirect effects of a shoot-base boring weevil and plant competition on the performance of creeping thistle, Cirsium ...
  • Cirsium is a genus of perennial and biennial flowering plants in the Asteraceae, one of several genera known commonly as thistles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. (wikipedia.org)
  • The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), for instance, was highlighted as relying upon thistles such as Tall thistle (Cirsium altissimum) as nectar sources during its migration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium acarna - soldier thistle Cirsium acaule - stemless thistle, dwarf thistle Cirsium altissimum - roadside thistle, tall thistle Cirsium amblylepis - Mt. Tamalpais thistle Cirsium andersonii - Anderson's thistle, rose thistle Cirsium andrewsii - Franciscan thistle Cirsium arizonicum - Arizona thistle Cirsium arvense - creeping thistle, field thistle, Canada thistle Cirsium arvense var.argenteum Cirsium arvense var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Louisiana Project: Wetland management impacts to Pecos sunflower (Helianthus paradoxus), Wrightâ¿¿s marsh thistle (Cirsium wrightii) and Leoncita false-foxglove (Agalinis calycina). (usgs.gov)
  • Here in Scandinavia, adult flies lay eggs on, and larvae develop inside, the melancholy thistle, Cirsium heterophyllum . (lu.se)
  • For example, the peacock fly, Tephritis conura , has recently (ca. 10,000 years ago) split into two host forms: one that specializes on the melancholy thistle ( Cirsium heterophyllum ) and one that specializes on the cabbage thistle ( C. oleraceum ). (lu.se)
  • Extensions from the leaf base down the stem, called wings, can be lacking (Cirsium arvense), conspicuous (Cirsium vulgare), or inconspicuous. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can spread by seed, and also by rhizomes below the surface (Cirsium arvense). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some other common species are: Cirsium arvense, Cirsium palustre, Cirsium oleraceum. (wikipedia.org)
  • integrifolium Cirsium arvense var. (wikipedia.org)
  • mite Cirsium arvense var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium vulgare, for instance, ranked in the top 10 for nectar production in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium vulgare was also a top producer of nectar sugar in another study in Britain, ranked third with a production per floral unit of (2323 ± 418μg). (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain species of Cirsium, like Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum and Cirsium vulgare, have been traditionally used as food in rural areas of southern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (actaplantarum.org)
  • Cirsium lanceolatum Hill α vulgare Naeg. (actaplantarum.org)
  • Journal article, Plant Surveys from the Sky Using an Unmanned Aerial System : a Case Study on Cirsium pitcheri in Wilderness State Park, Michigan. (cmich.edu)
  • Cirsium altissimum in The Plant List Version 1.1. (wikimedia.org)
  • No Data Found for Scientific_Name containing Cirsium creticum subsp. (itis.gov)
  • Cirsium thistles are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species-see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Cirsium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cirsium eatonii is a polymorphic species widely distributed in a high elevation archipelago across the central Rocky Mountains and the Intermountain Region. (asu.edu)
  • Cirsium eatonii (Gray) Robins. (asu.edu)
  • Towards a monophyletic classification of Cardueae: restoration of the genus Lophiolepis (= Cirsium p.p.) and new circumscription of Epitrachys . (wikimedia.org)
  • 23. Bioactive constituents of Cirsium japonicum var. (nih.gov)
  • Cirsium pallidum is a PERENNIAL. (pfaf.org)