Cinnamomum: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The bark of the trees is used in FOLK MEDICINE and FLAVORING AGENTS.Cinnamomum aromaticum: A plant species of the genus CINNAMOMUM that contains CINNAMATES and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).Cinnamomum zeylanicum: The tree which is known for its bark which is sold as cinnamon. The oil contains about 65-80% cinnamaldehyde and 10% EUGENOL and many TERPENES.Cinnamomum camphora: A tree, Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl, known as the source of CAMPHOR.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Condiments: Aromatic substances added to food before or after cooking to enhance its flavor. These are usually of vegetable origin.AcroleinOils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Eugenol: A cinnamate derivative of the shikamate pathway found in CLOVE OIL and other PLANTS.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.Iridaceae: A monocot plant family of the Liliopsida class. It is classified by some in the Liliales order and some in the Asparagales order.Bombacaceae: A plant family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida of tropical trees.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Cassia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Many species of this genus, including the medicinal C. senna and C. angustifolia, have been reclassified into the Senna genus (SENNA PLANT) and some to CHAMAECRISTA.Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Echolalia: Involuntary ("parrot-like"), meaningless repetition of a recently heard word, phrase, or song. This condition may be associated with transcortical APHASIA; SCHIZOPHRENIA; or other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485)Lauraceae: A family of mainly aromatic evergreen plants in the order Laurales. The laurel family includes 2,200 species in 45 genera and from these are derived medicinal extracts, essential oils, camphor and other products.Sassafras: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The tree bark has been used medicinally.Melia azedarach: A plant species of the genus MELIA, family MELIACEAE, which is toxic to insects. The name is very similar to Melia azadirachta (AZADIRACHTA).Limonins: A group of degraded TRITERPENES in which the four terminal carbons of the C17 side chain have been removed, and the remaining portion often forming C17 furans.Migraine Disorders: A class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches. The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Phlomis: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that contains phlorigidosides, iridoid glucosides and megastigmane glycosides.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Photobiology: The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms.Phytophthora: A genus of destructive parasitic OOMYCETES in the family Peronosporaceae, order Peronosporales, affecting numerous fruit, vegetable, and other crops. Differentiation of zoospores usually takes place in the sporangium and no vesicle is formed. It was previously considered a fungus.Persea: A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The tree, Persea americana Mill., is known for the Avocado fruit, the food of commerce.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Pelargonium: A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. The common name of geranium is also used for the GERANIUM genus.Apium graveolens: A plant species of the family APIACEAE. The stalks are a food source.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Melastomataceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.Strongylida: An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include an H-shaped excretory system with two subventral glands.Rhizoctonia: A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.Xylariales: An order of ascomycetous FUNGI which includes many economically important plant parasites as well as saprophytes.Ananas: A plant genus of the family BROMELIACEAE known for the edible fruit that is the source of BROMELAINS.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.MonacoPhotography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Journalism: The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.Camphor: A bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Mastodons: An extinct genus of large mammals in the family Mammutidae, that fed by browsing on tall plants. Eurasian species died out three million years ago, but some specimens of the American Mastodon survived the last Ice Age.

Temporal aspects of the fine-scale genetic structure in a population of Cinnamomum insularimontanum (Lauraceae). (1/15)

Cinnamomum insularimontanum Hayata (Lauraceae) is an insect-pollinated, broad-leaved evergreen tree with bird-dispersed seeds. We used allozyme loci, Wright's fixation index, spatial autocorrelation statistics (Moran's I), and coancestry measures to examine changes in genetic structure among four age-classes within a recently founded study population (60 x 100 m area) in southern Korea. There were no significant differences in expected heterozygosity among age classes. However, significant genetic differentiation among age classes was detected (P<0.0001). Fixation indices within age classes showed significant deficits of observed heterozygosity, which may be caused by partial selfing. The homogeneity of genetic structure among four age-classes may reflect similar spatial patterns of seed immigration from surrounding populations occurring year after year. Finally, the average Moran's I and coancestry estimates indicated essentially random spatial distributions of alleles for each of the four age-classes and between seedlings and 2-4 year juveniles vs adult trees. These findings are very similar to those observed in the same study area for another member of the Lauraceae, Neolitsea sericea, which has a very similar life history and ecological characteristics (ie, bird-dispersed fruits, insect pollination, and a similar age structure). Together, these results suggest that the fleshy drupes of lauraceous species represent an adaptation to aid in the independent dispersal of seed by birds, which in turn may increase the genetic diversity of founders colonizing new habitats.  (+info)

Microwave-assisted isolation of essential oil of Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Bl.: comparison with conventional hydrodistillation. (2/15)

Microwave-assisted hydrodistillation was used to isolate an essential oil from the leaves of Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Bl., and the results compared with those obtained by conventional hydrodistillation. The composition of the oil from both methods was found to be similar, and (-)-linalool was found as the main component (30-50%). The antioxidant activity of the essential oil obtained by both methods was evaluated using DPPH, ABTS, FRAP and lipid peroxidation methods, all of which indicated the same but insignificant activity.  (+info)

Cytotoxic constituents from the leaves of Cinnamomum subavenium. (3/15)

Two new butanolides, subamolide D (1) and subamolide E (2), and a new secobutanolide, secosubamolide A (3), along with 21 known compounds were isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum subavenium. The structures of 1-3 were determined by spectroscopic analysis. Propidium iodide staining and cytometry analysis were used to evaluate the cell cycle progression of the treated SW480 cells and it was found that 1 and 2 caused DNA damage in a dose- and time-dependent manner.  (+info)

Historical spatial range expansion and a very recent bottleneck of Cinnamomum kanehirae Hay. (Lauraceae) in Taiwan inferred from nuclear genes. (4/15)

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Bioactivity of Argentinean essential oils against permethrin-resistant head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis. (5/15)

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An antimicrobial compound isolated from Cinnamomum iners leaves with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. (6/15)

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Stress wave signal denoising using ensemble empirical mode decomposition and an instantaneous half period model. (7/15)

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Development of microsatellite markers for Cinnamomum camphora (Lauraceae). (8/15)

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*Cinnamomum

... acuminatifolium Cinnamomum acuminatissimum Cinnamomum acutatum Cinnamomum africanum Cinnamomum aggregatum Cinnamomum ... Cinnamomum tenuipilum Cinnamomum tonkinense Cinnamomum triplinerve Cinnamomum tsangii Cinnamomum tsoi Cinnamomum validinerve ... grayi Cinnamomum assamicum Cinnamomum aubletii Cinnamomum aureo-fulvum Cinnamomum australe Cinnamomum austro-sinense Cinnamomum ... alainii Cinnamomum alatum Cinnamomum albiflorum Cinnamomum alcinii Cinnamomum alexei Cinnamomum alibertii Cinnamomum ...

*Cinnamomum tamala

... , Indian bay leaf, also known as tejpat, tejapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, ... "Cinnamomum tamala". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. ... 2000). "Essential oil constituents of the spice Cinnamomum tamala (Ham.) Nees & Eberm". Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 15 (6): ... 2005). "Quantitative Determination of Eugenol from Cinnamomum tamala Nees and Eberm. Leaf Powder and Polyherbal Formulation ...

*Cinnamomum walaiwarense

... is a critically endangered species in the Lauraceae family. It is endemic to Tamil Nadu, India. World ... Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Cinnamomum walaiwarense". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. ...

*Cinnamomum pedunculatum

... , commonly known as Japanese cinnamon, is an evergreen tree in the genus Cinnamomum. It is a small- or ... Cinnamon species page from multilingual multiscript plant name database Cassia Cinnamomum Cinnamon Cinnamomum loureiroi ... "Cinnamomum pedunculatum". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA ...

*Cinnamomum camphora

... (commonly known as camphor tree, camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to ... Cinnamomum camphora is native to China south of the Yangtze River, Taiwan, southern Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, and has been ... "Cinnamomum camphora". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. ... Forest Starr; Kim Starr; Lloyd Loope (January 2003). "Cinnamomum camphora" (PDF). United States Geological Survey: Biological ...

*Cinnamomum osmophloeum

... , commonly known as pseudocinnamomum or indigenous cinnamon, is a medium-sized evergreen tree in the ... Wang SY, Yang CW, Liao JW, Zhen WW, Chu FH, Chang ST (August 2008). "Essential oil from leaves of Cinnamomum osmophloeum acts ... "Cinnamomum osmophloeum". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA ... Pan, F.J. (1998). "Cinnamomum osmophloeum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T31334A9627359. doi:10.2305/ ...

*Cinnamomum iners

... is a tree species in the family Lauraceae described by Reinwardt and Blume. No subspecies are listed in the ... Cinnamomum iners is an evergreen tree growing up to 20 m in height; the branches have opposite twigs, robust and angular, ... Drawing of C. iners by J.C.P. Arckenhausen, ~1835 "Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume". The Plant List. Retrieved 13 March 2017. ... World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World "Discover Life: Point Map of Cinnamomum iners". ...

*Cinnamomum glanduliferum

... , common name false camphor tree or Nepal camphor tree, is a tree in the genus Cinnamomum, belonging to ... Baruah, A.; Nath, S. C. (2006). "Leaf Essential Oils of Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall) Meissn and Cinnamomum glaucescens (Nees ... Cinnamomum glanduliferum is an evergreen tree reaching a height around 5-20 m (16-66 ft). Leaves are shiny, dark green, ... "Cinnamomum glanduliferum". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, ...

*Cinnamomum mercadoi

... (kalingag) is a small tree, about 6 to 10 metres (20 to 33 ft) high, with a thick, aromatic bark. The plant ... Cinnamomum mercadoi is only found in the Philippines, from the Babuyan Islands and northern Luzon to Mindanao. C. mercadoi ... "Cinnamomum mercadoi Vidal". ASEAN Tropical Plant Database. Retrieved 26 April 2012. Kalingag, Stuartxchange.com. Retrieved 26 ... World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Cinnamomum mercadoi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. ...

*Cinnamomum subavenium

... is an evergreen tree from South and East Asia that can become 20 m (66 ft) tall. Leaves of Cinnamomum ... "Cinnamomum subavenium". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. ...

*Cinnamomum citriodorum

... is a species of flowering plant in the family Lauraceae. It is endemic to Sri Lanka. The highly-valued ... Cinnamomum citriodorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998. Downloaded on 26 September 2015.. ... commercial cinnamon from Sri Lanka is known as Cinnamomum zeylanicum World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1998. ...

*Cinnamomum glaucescens

... (Nepali:सुगन्धकोकिला, Sugandhakokila) is an evergreen tree native to Bhutan, India (Sikkim, Manipur and ...

*Cinnamomum burmannii

... is an evergreen tree growing up to 7 m in height with aromatic bark and smooth, angular branches. The ... Cinnamomum burmanii is native to Southeast Asia and Indonesia. It is normally found in West Sumatra and western Jambi province ... Cinnamomum burmannii, also known as Indonesian cinnamon, Padang cassia, Batavia cassia, or korintje, is one of several plants ... The most common and cheapest type of cinnamon in the US is made from powdered C. burmannii.[citation needed] Cinnamomum ...

*Cinnamomum kanehirae

... (Chinese name niu zhang(牛樟)), also known as small-flowered camphor tree, or stout camphor tree, is a tree ... Plant of Taiwan". Wu, Chia-Chen; Ho, Cheng-Kuen; Chang, Shu-Hwa (July 2016). "The complete chloroplast genome of Cinnamomum ... within the Lauraceae family and the Cinnamomum genus which is endemic to Taiwan. The tree can grow up to 30 m tall, 2 m across ...

*Cinnamomum cebuense

... , the Cebu cinnamon or, locally, kaningag, is a species of cinnamon endemic to Cebu Island, Philippines. It ... "Native Tree of the Month (PART 1) Kaningag (Cinnamomum cebuense Kost.)". ...

*Cinnamomum oliveri

... - juvenile, Foxground Cinnamomum oliveri - bark, Foxground Cinnamomum oliveri at Seven Mile Beach, New South ... Cinnamomum oliveri is a rainforest tree growing at the eastern coastal parts of Australia. It grows from the Illawarra district ... The bark of Cinnamomum oliveri contains tannin, also an essential oil, rich in camphor, safrole and methyleugenol or cinnamic ... Cinnamomum oliveri, has several common names, such as the camphorwood, Oliver's sassafras, black sassafras and cinnamonwood. It ...

*Cinnamomum virens

... is a rainforest tree growing in the eastern coastal parts of Australia. Common names include red-barked ... "Cinnamomum virens". PlantNET - NSW Flora Online. Retrieved 2010-04-08. ...

*Cinnamomum cambodianum

... (Khmer: Tep porou, Tep pirou or Tepirou) is a non-scented species of cinnamon, native and endemic to ... Cinnamomum cambodianum is endemic to Cambodia and is plentiful on the upper slopes of the Cardamom Mountains, including the ... Although this species has not been assessed for the IUCN Red List, Cinnamomum cambodianum has come under high pressure from ... Deforestation in Cambodia Useful Tropical Plants: Cinnamomum cambodianum Cambodia Tree Seed Project (April 2004, p.45-46): ...

*Cinnamomum elegans

... is a species of plants belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae, found in Samoa. Die Flora der Samoa-Inseln ... Cinnamomum elegans at the Encyclopedia of Life Cinnamomum elegans at Tropicos.org. ...

*Cinnamomum verum

Leaves of the Cinnamomum verum plant Leaves of the Cinnamomum verum plant Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum ... Cinnamomum verum trees are 10-15 metres (30-50 feet) tall. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7-18 cm (3-7 inches) long. ... Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae ... species Cinnamomum zeylanicum), bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) native to Bangladesh, Sri Lanka (Ceylon ...

*Cinnamomum ovalifolium

Cinnamomum ovalifoilium, called wild cinnamon or wal kurundu in Sinhala, is an evergreen tree endemic to Sri Lanka. It is in ...

*Cinnamomum dubium

... , called wild cinnamon or wal kurundu in Sinhala, is an evergreen tree originating in Sri Lanka. It may also ... http://lauraceae.myspecies.info/category/lauraceae/lauraceae/cinnamomum/cinnamomum-dubium http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/ ...

*Phytophthora cinnamomi

... is also capable of self-fertilization (i.e. it can be homothallic). Phytophthora cinnamomi mating type ... PMID 1. "Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)". CABI. Reuter, Courtney. "Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands". NCSU. Managing ... P. cinnamomi has a wide host range that makes it difficult to control the spread of disease. The greatest impact tend to be in ... Phytophthora cinnamomi lives in the soil and in plant tissues, can take different shapes and can move in water. During periods ...

*Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests

Cinnamomum spp., and Machilus spp. The many rhododendron species include more than fifty in Sikkim and another sixty in Bhutan ...

*Cinnamon

Only a few Cinnamomum species are grown commercially for spice. Cinnamomum verum is sometimes considered to be "true cinnamon ... Quills of Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) on the left, and Indonesian cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) on the right Essential ... Cinnamon (/ˈsɪnəmən/ SIN-ə-mən) is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. ... A number of species are often sold as cinnamon: Cinnamomum cassia (cassia or Chinese cinnamon, the most common commercial type ...
Cinnamomum iners is a tree species in the family Lauraceae described by Reinwardt and Blume. No subspecies are listed in the Catalogue of Life. It occurs naturally in Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and southern China and south-eastern Tibet. In Malay C. iners is called pokok medang teja; in Vietnamese it may be called: quế rừng, quế giả, quế lá to, quế lợn, hậu phác, or hậu phác nam. Cinnamomum iners is an evergreen tree growing up to 20 m in height; the branches have opposite twigs, robust and angular, sometimes tetragonal, glabrescent. Leaves are subopposed, ovate to elliptic, measuring 120-350 mm long and 60-85 mm broad. They are glabrous and the base of the leaf is wedge-shaped with a blunt apex (see illustrations); petioles are more or less pubescent, have a reddish brown colour and 10-30 mm in length. Flowers small and bisexual, pubescent, grouped in axillary or terminal panicles; these ...
The Effect of Cinnamomum Leaves (Cinnamomum burmanni) Supplementation at Different Dosages on Growth and Survival Rate of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
The electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is a fundamental tool for patient treatment, especially in the cardiology domain, due to the high mortality rate of heart diseases. The main objective of this paper is to present the most optimal techniques that can link the processing and analysis of ECG signals. This work is divided into two steps. In the first one, we propose a comparison between some denoising techniques that can reduce noise affecting the ECG signals; these techniques are the empirical mode decomposition (EMD), the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD), and the complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN). In the second one, we make a comparison of three time-frequency techniques: the Choi-Williams (CW), the periodogram (PE), and the smoothed pseudo Wigner-Ville (SPWV). Firstly, the obtained results illustrate the effectiveness of the CEEMDAN in reducing noise that interferes with ECG signals compared to other denoising methods. Secondly, they show that the
It is an evergreen tree with the height of 10-15 meters with greyish bark and hard, elongated leaves that are 10-15 cm long and have a decidedly reddish colour when young. It is one of several species of Cinnamomum used primarily for their aromatic bark, which is used as a spice.
Penyakit yang ditularkan melalui makanan mencakup spektrum yang luas dari penyakit dan merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang berkembang di seluruh dunia. Penyakit bawaaan makanan terjadi karena mencerna bahan makanan yang terkontaminasi baik oleh mikroorganisme atau bahan kimia. Tujuan daripada penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah ekstrak etanol dari kayu manis (Cinnamomum burmannii) mempunyai efek inhibisi terhadap pertumbuhan koloni Staphylococcus aureus dan Salmonella typhi secara in vitro. Penelitian ini memakai metode eksperimental laboratorik bersifat komparatif dengan mengukur zona inhibisi yang terbentuk dari ekstrak kayu manis pada koloni Staphylococcus aureus dan Salmonella typhi dan pengolahan data digunakan dengan metoda analisis statistik uji ANAVA satu arah dan Post Hoc LSD Test, dengan p ,0.005. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan diameter zona inhibisi rata-rata dari percobaan pada konsentrasi ekstrak 100% pada Staphylococcus aureus adalah 13.51 mm, hasil ini masih ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cinnamomum micranthum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
... ,Ask Latest information,Abstract,Report,Presentation (pdf,doc,ppt),IRIS RECOGNITION BASED ON EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION technology discussion,IRIS RECOGNITION BASED ON EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION paper presentation details
Learn about Tejpata (Tej Patta, Tejpat) - Indian Bay Leaf - Cinnamomum Tamala, its health benefits, medicinal uses, indications, dosage and side effects.
Food Additive: Functional use(s) - cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents, dietary supplements. Has a spicy type odor and an spicy type flavor.
If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information ...
Information about herbs in this blog is for general health information only. This blog is not to be used as a substitute for medical advice and diagnosis or treatment of any health condition or problems./ Infomasi berkenaan pokok herba didalam blog ini hanyalah untuk pengetahuian umum tentang khasiat herba peninggalan nenek moyang kita. Blog ini tidak boleh digunakan sebagai pengganti untuk cara merawat penyakit dan masaalah kesihatan. Anda dinasihatkan merujuk masaalah anda kepada pakar perubatan.. ...
document titled BIBM'10: Regular Papers B207 Fuzzy C-means method with empirical mode decomposition for clustering microarray data Yan-Fei Wang, Zu-Guo Yu, and Vo Anh B219 A New Method for Measuring the Semantic Similarity on Gene Ontology Ying Shen, Shaohong Zhang, and Hau-San Wong is about AI and Robotics
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Though most people are more familiar with European sage (Salvia officinalis), anyone whos ever smelled the incense at a Native American smudging ceremony is already intimately familiar with white sage! Native American tribes in southwestern North America from California to Mexico have used white sage ceremonially, in medicine, and even as a staple food. Today, more and more people in alternative medicine and spiritual communities are realizing the potential of white sage essential oil in spiritual cleansing and increasing awareness of the sacred.. White sage is Salvia apiana, a North American sage species native to the Sierra Nevada region of California, the southwestern U.S., and northwestern Mexico. An evergreen perennial shrub, white sage has fuzzy whitish leaves that exude a strong smell when rubbed. Its small purple or white flowers are mainly pollinated by bees, and the plants species name, apiana, comes from this association with bees (or apiae in Latin)[2].. As a desert species, white ...
Description from Flora of China. Cinnamomum delavayi Lecomte, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 5, 5: 77. 1913; C. parvifolium Lecomte; Neocinnamomum delavayi var. pauciflorum Yen C. Yang; N. parvifolium (Lecomte) H. Liu.. Shrubs or small trees, (1.5-)2-5(-10) m tall. Bark dark brown. Branchlets slender, terete, striate, rusty- or white sericeous when young but glabrate when mature. Buds small; bud scales thick, densely rusty- or white sericeous. Leaves alternate; petiole 0.5-1 cm, concave-convex, densely appressed sericeous-pubescent initially but soon sparsely so; leaf blade glaucous and opaque abaxially, green and slightly shiny adaxially, elliptic-lanceolate to ovate or broadly ovate, (4-)5-11 × (1.5-)2-6 cm, subleathery, densely rusty- or white sericeous on both sur-faces when young, ± sericeous abaxially and glabrate adaxially when mature, trinerved, midrib and basal lateral veins elevated abaxially, always impressed adaxially, basal lateral veins arcuate-ascendant and up to 1/2-3/4 of ...
Our results strongly support the hypothesis that the current distribution of the squash bee, P. pruinosa, is the result of a massive spatial range expansion from Mesoamerica into the temperate regions of NA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to infer an effect of plant domestication and cultivation by early human societies on the demographic history of a pollinating species. Specialist insect pests have invaded NA from Mesoamerica following the spread of cultivated plants (e.g. boll weevil and cotton) [44], and many others have spread along with their host plant and silviculture [45]. Remarkably, our study represents the only known case of a specialist pollinator expanding along with the spread of a domesticated plant after first cultivation. Other animal-pollinated North American plants that have been domesticated either are still grown largely in their native range (low blueberries) or have been spread widely for cultivation in recent time, but not accompanied by the ...
Hardly. Commercial Diesel engines dont run on vegetable oil because of emissions standards. Diesel engine and exhaust designers go to great lengths to design their engines to minimize toxic byproducts and particulate pollution based on a known quality of fuel. You dont get a known quality of input from vegetable oil. And good luck rolling out the infrastructure to get that kind of known quality of input. Youd have to repurpose land, convince farmers (family and corportate) its worth their time and investment in resources, scale up any production capacity to meet whatever demand there might be, deal with any potentially unforeseen consequences in the manufacturing process, transport the product, and then make it available to truckers and transportation in the same way Diesel is now. At this point you might as well just transition entirely to electric transportation because by the time you did all that, electric cargo transport would already have passed you up ...
As the sound signal of ships obtained by sensors contains other many significant characteristics of ships and called ship-radiated noise (SN), research into a denoising algorithm and its application has obtained great significance. Using the advantage of variational mode decomposition (VMD) combined with the correlation coefficient for denoising, a hybrid secondary denoising algorithm is proposed using secondary VMD combined with a correlation coefficient (CC). First, different kinds of simulation signals are decomposed into several bandwidth-limited intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using VMD, where the decomposition number by VMD is equal to the number by empirical mode decomposition (EMD); then, the CCs between the IMFs and the simulation signal are calculated respectively ...
35 AND TICKING centers around the lives of Victoria, Zenobia , Clevon, and Phil--all friends approaching the age of 35 and struggling to build the families theyve always dreamed of. While Zenobia (Nicole Ari Parker, Soul Food, Brown Sugar) is still looking for a man, Victoria (Tamala Jones, Castle, One on One) is married to a man who doesnt want children. Clevon (Kevin Hart, Not Easily Broken, 40 Year-Old Virgin), meanwhile, is too geeky to get a woman, and Phil (Keith Robinson, Dreamgirls) is already married with children, but his wife is not very interested in being a mother. All four of them try to rectify their romantic lives and futures while their biological clocks tick away.
In this section, elementary scattering relations will be derived for the case of longitudinal force and velocity waves in an ideal string or rod. In solids, force-density waves are referred to as stress waves [169,261]. Longitudinal stress waves in strings and rods have units of (compressive) force per unit area and are analogous to longitudinal pressure waves in acoustic tubes. ...
Bergström, Z. M., Velmans, M., de Fockert, J. W., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (2007). ERP evidence for successful voluntary control of conscious recollection. Brain Research, 1151, 119-133. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.03.014. Ramponi, C., Richardson-Klavehn, A., & Gardiner, J. M. (2007). Component processes of conceptual priming and associative cued recall: The roles of preexisting representation and depth of processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 843-862. doi: 10.1037/0278-7393.33.5.843. Sweeney-Reed, C. M., & Nasuto, S. J. (2007). A novel approach to the detection of synchronisation in EEG based on empirical mode decomposition. Journal of Computational Neuroscience, 23, 79-111. doi: 10.1007/s10827-007-0020-3. Schott, B. H.*, Richardson-Klavehn, A.*, Henson, R. N. A., Becker, C., Heinze, H.-J., & Düzel, E. (2006). Neuroanatomical dissociation of encoding processes related to priming and explicit memory. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 792-800. *Equal ...
RespirationRespiration is a physical process in which living organisms take in oxygen from the surrounding medium and emit carbon dioxide. the term respiration is also used to refer to the liberation of energy, within a cell. from fuel molecules such a...
BAPTA has rapid-on-rate Ca2+-chelating properties that are useful for studying Ca2+ regulation of synaptic functions in close proximity to the Ca2+ source (e.g., the voltage-gated Ca2+ channel pore) (Eggermann et al., 2012), while EGTA has slow-on-rate Ca2+-chelating properties useful for studying Ca2+ regulation of synaptic functions within areas more distant from the Ca2+ source. Given the constant rate of Ca2+ diffusion in cytoplasm, the temporal kinetics of Ca2+ signals can also be measured and compared with Ca2+s spatial range. Thus, EGTA and BAPTA have been used to study the spatial and temporal Ca2+ regulation of neurotransmission (Adler et al., 1991; Augustine et al., 1991; Tymianski et al., 1994; Cummings et al., 1996; Dittman and Regehr, 1998; Angleson and Betz, 2001). In this study, using these chelators, we examined the kinetic organization of SV ability at the AZ for either low- or high-frequency AP signals in synaptically coupled SCG neurons (Mochida et al., 1994).. We first ...
Initially, all nodes are in Q with infinite travel time. † Note that the path itself is fully prescribed by assigning to each node the preceding node along its shortest path to the source. g. Johnsonbaugh [150]. The algorithm can be speeded up considerably by sorting the nodes in Q into a heap, which is defined as a set of N travel times Tj such that: Tj ≥ Tj/2 for 1 ≤ j/2 < j ≤ N . A heap is a comparatively fast way to find the fastest path among a set of paths without having to sort the whole set. 9 travelling from A to B, and secondary source at C on the wavefront, at a distance h from the direct path AB. Energy from C will arrive at B with a delay. If AB has length L, and C, when projected on AB is at a distance s from A, then the difference in length is: ACB − AB = s 2 + h2 + (L − s)2 + h2 − L ≈ h2 2 1 1 + s L−s , 32 Ray theory for seismic waves where we use a first-order Taylor expansion for small h/s and h/(L − s). The secondary wave will still interfere ...
One other thing: I took a break from this forum for some time as well. Even to this day, I do not read the first post in any thread. That is my method for keeping my sanity. You may try this trick. Every new thread - skip to the second post where inevitably there will be someone correcting misinformation, reassuring, or explaining why such and such doesnt mean MS or ALS. Its that first post which always contains the easter egg of terror. Those single sentences which make your heart just sink, and the stress waves come over you all over again. If that means avoiding this forum for good? Do it. Those events could add 3 days to my twitching all by themselves. I now avoid most new threads here and only focus on my own threads which are usually full of uplifting discussions ...
INTRODUÇÃO O gênero Cinnamomum (Lauraceae) é constituido por aproximadamente 350 espécies, muitas das quais produtoras de óleo essencial. O valor comercial dos óleos de Cinnamomum depende da espécie e da parte da planta utilizada (FAO, 1995). Os óleos essenciais mais importantes no mercado mundial são os obtidos de C. verum ("cinnamomum bark oil" e "cinnamomum leaf oil"), C. cassia ("cassia oil") e C. camphora ("sassafras oil" e "ho leaf oil"). Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl.), conhecida como "canela-da-índia" e "canela-do-ceilão" é originária de algumas regiões da Índia e do Ceilão. A parte interna da casca do tronco e dos ramos, constitui a canela do comércio, com vasto uso mundial na perfumaria e na culinária, devido suas propriedades aromáticas e condimentares além de ser, popularmente, utilizada como estimulante, tônica, carminativa e antiespasmódica (Pio Corrêa, 1984; Costa, 1975; Almeida, 1993). A canela e o seu óleo essencial são ...
1. Valastyan S, Weinberg RA. Tumor metastasis: molecular insights and evolving paradigms. Cell. 2011;147:275-292 2. Fatima M, Zaidi NU, Amraiz D, Afzal F. In Vitro Antiviral Activity of Cinnamomum cassia and Its Nanoparticles Against H7N3 Influenza A Virus. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016;26:151-159 3. Lin CC, Wu SJ, Chang CH, Ng LT. Antioxidant activity of Cinnamomum cassia. Phytother Res. 2003;17:726-730 4. Chang WL, Cheng FC, Wang SP, Chou ST, Shih Y. Cinnamomum cassia essential oil and its major constituent cinnamaldehyde induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human oral squamous cell carcinoma HSC-3 cells. Environ Toxicol. 2017;32:456-468 5. Ling F, Jiang C, Liu G, Li M, Wang G. Anthelmintic efficacy of cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid from cortex cinnamon essential oil against Dactylogyrus intermedius. Parasitology. 2015;142:1744-1750 6. He ZD, Qiao CF, Han QB, Cheng CL, Xu HX, Jiang RW, But PP, Shaw PC. Authentication and quantitative analysis on the chemical profile of cassia bark ...
Read "Antifungal mechanism of the combination of Cinnamomum verum and Pelargonium graveolens essential oils with fluconazole against pathogenic Candida strains, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

a seriously endangered spices it is often used to replace the rosewood in perfumes.
However it does not have the same therapeutic effects and as yet its uses in Aromatherapy
are unknown.
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Camphor Tree at White River Source - Huge Selection of Fine Seeds, Trees and Seedlings of Fruit, Shade, Ornamental, Specimen Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Perennials
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. While Cinnamomum verum is sometimes considered to be "true cinnamon", most cinnamon in international commerce is derived from related species, which are also referred to as "cassia" to distinguish them from "true cinnamon".. Cinnamon is the brown bark of the cinnamon tree, which when dried, rolls into a tubular form known as a quill. Cinnamon is available in either its whole quill form (cinnamon sticks) or as ground powder. The name "cinnamon" comes through the Greek kinnámōmon, possibly from Phoenician: qinnāmôn. In several European languages, the word for cinnamon comes from the Latin word cannella, a diminutive of canna, "tube", from the way it curls up as it dries.. Cinnamons unique healing abilities come from three basic types of components (cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl acetate, and cinnamyl alcohol) in the essential oils found in its bark, plus a wide range of other ...
Cinnamon is a beloved kitchen spice with a sweet, spicy flavor most people enjoy. However, what we know of as a familiar spice in the form of sticks is really the bark from two related, but different cinnamon trees: Cinnamomum cassia from China or Cinnamomum zeylanicum from Sri Lanka (Ceylon). C. zeylanicum is also known as "true" cinnamon and more costly than than the thicker Cassia variety. Either cinnamon stick will work for crafts and the same cutting technique works for both cinnamon stick varieties.. ...
Sennae Folia information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Phytopharm PKF, Sennae Folia indications, usages and related health products lists
Melastoma is a genus of the Family Melastomataceae and Order Myrtales. There are about 50 species of Melastoma. The most common is Melastoma malabahricum. In the old days, village children used to chew the fruits and then cheerfully showed their purple to pink tongues. Those were the days when children lives were blended intimately with nature. It is in stark contrast with todays children, whose lives revolve around the computers and are oblivious to the surroundings ...
Address: Room709-C1,Incubator Building, Tianfu Life Science Park No.88,Keyuan Road,Gaoxin District,Chengdu City,Sichuan Prov, ...
Kampferbaum, Kampfer-Baum, Kampferlorbeer, Kampfer-Lorbeer, Kampfer, Campher, Cinnamomum camphora, Camphor camphora, Camphora officinarum, Camphor tree, Camphorwood, camphor laurel, camphor
In recent years, ECG signal plays an important role in the primary diagnosis, prognosis and survival analysis of heart diseases. In this paper a new approach based on the threshold value of ECG signal determination is proposed using Wavelet Transform coefficients. Electrocardiography has had a profound influence on the practice of medicine. The electrocardiogram signal contains an important amount of information that can be exploited in different manners. The ECG signal allows for the analysis of anatomic and physiologic aspects of the whole cardiac muscle. Different ECG signals are used to verify the proposed method using MATLAB software. Method presented in this paper is compared with the Donohos method for signal denoising meanwhile better results are obtained for ECG signals by the proposed algorithm.
Cinnamomum camphora Ingredient: 100% pure camphor oil Aroma: Penetrating, medicinalAttributes: Purifying, energizing, invigorating Mixes Well With: Cinnamon oil
學名:;Cinnamomum;camphora;萃取方式:蒸餾法;提煉:木頭&葉子;植物來源國:中國;可薰香、泡澡、按摩(須稀釋)。,比價找優惠、商品開箱、介紹、推薦
Five 1/2 oz respiratory essential oil blends for diffuser and daily wear. Best Defense antiviral, antimicrobial Geranium, Lemongrass and Tea Tree fight resistant staph infections (MRSA). These powerful bacteria busters are also energizing, vitalizing diuretics that cleanse, detox and strengthen the immune system. Based on recent research, the most powerful antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antispasmodic essential oils are Ravensara and Eucalyptus radiata. Our Flu Defense blend is healing for respiratory, asthma, bronchitis, lung, urinary & skin infections. Herbal & Respiratory Strengthener blend fights respiratory infections, and also assists mental focus and emotional/metabolic balance. Spicey Respiratory blend purifies the environment, stimulates the brain, helps regulate the thyroid & increases the activity of the CNS. Strong antiviral, antifungal & antiparasitic disinfectants Cinnamon, Clove & Cassia kill TB & Pneumonia and fight Hepatitis, Bacterial Colitis, Cholera, Dysentary, Flu, Sinusitis &
1. Battles Viruses and Infections. That distinctive smell of cinnamon that reminds us of Christmas is caused by the compound cinnamaldehyde. Cinnamaldehyde is found in the oily bark of the cinnamomum tree. Cinnamaldehyde produces not only a delightful smell and flavor but also can damage the cell membrane of deadly infections like E. coli and Staph Aureus effectively clearing the bacteria from your body.. Cinnamon is also able to ward off respiratory infections that could otherwise disable you.. #2. Contains Powerful Antioxidants. Antioxidants are a compound that help to decrease the damage done in your body and to slow the aging process.. Antioxidants are often found in berries, red wine and dark chocolate. You might not be able to carry those treats in your bug-out bag but cinnamon also contains high levels of polyphenols, phenolic acid and flavonoids.. Studies show that the use of cinnamon increased the levels of antioxidants in the kidneys of rats.. Stay healthy and look younger. Not a bad ...
Significant Achievements, Anticipated Outcomes and Future Work Ethane, propane (liquified petroleum gas) and butane (lighter fluid) are the simplest model hydrocarbon fuel molecules that incorporate an internal rotation. The methyl torsional motion behaves like a vibration at low vibrational energies with a transition to a near-free rotor at high vibrational energies. Our simulations of collisions between these fuel molecules and rare gas atoms have shown that torsional motion acts as a gateway for energy transfer. The implication, for any future studies of larger fuel molecules (e.g. octane), is that simulations of collisional energy transfer must include the correct torsional dynamics. As part of these collisional energy transfer studies, we have developed a multiple direct-encounter hard-sphere model, which enables qualitative prediction of collisional energy transfer trends and behaviours, but at less computational cost than a full quantitative prediction. This will be be useful for future ...
The use of cinnamon dates back as far as 4000 years ago in Egypt. It was considered a very valuable spice and was given to royalty as gifts or signs of devotion. Cinnamon is made by cutting up the stems of the cinnamomum tree and removing the inner bark, which curls up into cinnamon sticks. These sticks are ground into the powdery spice that we know and love. Here are 13 major health benefits of cinnamon. ...
How to Get the Health Benefits of Cinnamon. Cinnamon (Cinnamomum velum or C. cassia) has long been considered a wonder food in various cultures and science has shown that its active oil components such as cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl...
Cinnamon Pears Cinnamon Redhot Pink Lady Apple Wedges jelly or preserve . Cinnamon Bark (Cinnamomum verum) 101 USES FOR THE YOUNG LIVING FAVORITE USES FOR THIEVES BLEND OF ESSENTIAL OILS 1.. Real Colors is the leading color palette generator from photos. Recently opened Cinnamon Monkstown is a comfortable and spacious eatery coffee house and fully licenced restaurant with a family of warm genuine and friendly staff. 6 cause acne via your gut Combat the causes of adult acne and zap zits for good.. Skin conditions , Propylene Glycol- skin allergy reaction Upon giving up the ecigs the problem did not go away Find and save ideas about Chin Breakouts on If you eak out on your chin and Blame Pizza Annoying Chin Chin Breakouts Chin Acne Beauty Tricks Diy Beauty Seeds/Cuttings: Pre-Treatment: pour hot water over the seeds + soak ca. Lump and Bump Removal. Theyre surprisingly easy to put together! Free Instruction Printable included! Renuzit - Apple & Cinnamon Air Freshener Candida Albicans And Acne ...
Botanical Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Extraction Method: Steam Distilled Color: Golden Yellow/Brown Consistency: Slightly oily feeling Perfumery Note:
Superior Mens Multi With Saw Palmetto, Plant Sterols, Lycopene, Nettle Root & CoQ10 Gentler and Easier to Swallow & Absorb A Dietary Supplement Suggested Usage: As a dietary supplement, take 2 softgels daily with food. These multi-vitamin softgels are easier to swallow, and are formulated for better GI tolerability. Other Ingredients: Pumpkin Seed Oil, Softgel Capsule (gelatin, glycerin, water, carob) and Cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia) (Bark). Contains soy derivatives. Contains no: sugar, salt, yeast, wheat, gluten, milk, egg, shellfish or preservatives.
Dr. K.S.Dayananda*, P. Jagan Mohan Reddy and Ajaymandal. ABSTRACT. Diabetes has become a common global health problem that affects >170million people worldwide. It is one of the leading causes of death and disability. It is estimated that by 2030, the number will rise to 366 million (www.who.int). The majority of diabetes (~90%) is type 2 diabetes (T2D) caused by a combination of impaired insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells and insulin resistance of the peripheral target tissues, especially muscle and liver. Traditional Medicines obtained from medicinal plants are used by about 40-60% of the worlds population. Though there are many approaches to control diabetes and its secondary complications, herbal formulations are preferred due to lesser side effects and low cost. In the present study focused on screening of cinnamomum cassia extract for antidiabetic activity with respect to two different enzymatic assay as such α -glucosidase and α - amylase inhibition assay. It was reported by ...
Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) is a unique fungus found inhabiting the rotten wood of Cinnamomum kanehirai. A submerged liquid culture of AC has been developed and its bioproducts have been used to meet the market demand for natural fruiting bodies. AC exhibits anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory effects. Previously, we isolated polysaccharide AC-2 from AC mycelia by means of alkali extraction with subsequent acid precipitation and found it had a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. In this study, a novel polysaccharide named
Worapong, Jeerapun, Gary Strobel, Eugene J. Ford, J. Y. Li, Gary Baird & W. M. Hess. Muscodor albus anam. gen. et sp. nov., an endophyte from Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Mycotaxon 79: 67-79. 2001.. ABSTRACT: Muscodor albus, anam. gen. et sp. nov., is described as a deuteromycetous (mycelia sterilia) endophytic species bearing molecular relatedness to the ascomycetous group Xylaria. The fungus is characterized by producing a whitish felt-like mycelium on PDA and other media. Commonly, cultures develop 6-12 erumpent pie-shaped sectors radiating from the center of the culture at the original point of inoculation after 4-6 weeks. The hyphae (1.1-1.7 µm dia) grow via right angle branching and commonly intertwine to make rope-like strands (3.0-5.0 µm dia) and these can intertwine to make more complex structures. Small mycelial proturberances (1-5 mm in height) arising from older cultures may be pre-stromatal structures bearing no spores. The fungus is related to Xylariaceae by virtue of 96-98% homology ...
PHOTOMAZZA : Giuseppe Mazza Author of 14 books, 400 articles and many stamps for the Principality of Monaco. More than 70.000 colour pictures of animals and plants.
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Wild oregano oil, Super Strenght 83-85% Carvacrol, low thymol. Food Grade. Wild Oregano From Greek Mountains. Top quality, The most efficient antimicrobial essential oil
The strive for a time-efficient construction process naturally put focus on the possibility of reducing the time of waiting between stages of construction, thereby minimizing the construction cost. If recently placed concrete, cast or sprayed, is exposed to impact vibrations at an early age while still in the process of hardening, damage that threatens the function of the hard concrete may occur. A waiting time when the concrete remains undisturbed, or a safe distance to the vibration source, is therefore needed. However, there is little, or no, fully proven knowledge of the length of this distance or time and there are no established guidelines for practical use. Therefore, conservative vibration limits are used for young and hardening concrete exposed to vibrations from e.g. blasting.. As a first step in the dynamic analysis of a structure, the dynamic loads should always be identified and characterized. Here it is concluded that impact-type loads are the most dangerous of possible dynamic ...
ACTIVATION APPARATUS, METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR BRAINWAVE INTERFACE SYSTEM - A brain wave interface (IF) is started up using users brain wave signals. A brain wave IF system comprises a brain wave measuring portion for measuring brain wave signals, a function controlling portion which analyzes an event-related potential contained in brain signals and outputs a function control signal for controlling the function of the apparatus based on the analysis results, and an output portion for outputting the function control signal. A start-up device comprises a start-up judging portion and a stimulus-attention judging portion. The start-up judging portion transmits, to the output portion, a stimulus control signal for controlling presentation/extinction of a visual stimulus which is a single item in the output portion when the brain wave IF system is not working, and compares a value of a P200 component of the event-related potential starting on a presentation timing of a visual stimulus out of ...
By using the Hilbert-Huang transform, a novel method is proposed to perform the task of particle sizing and axial locating directly from in-line digital holograms rather than reconstructing the optical field. The intensity distribution of the particle hologram is decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) by the empirical mode decomposition. From the Hilbert spectrum of these IMFs, the axial location of the particle can be calculated by fitting the spectrum to a straight line, and the particle size can be derived from the singularities of the spectrum. Our method does not need to predefine any basis function; thus the whole process is fast and efficient. The validity and accuracy of the method are demonstrated by the numerical simulations and experiments. It is expected that this method can be used in on-line particle sizing and 3D tracking.. © 2014 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
A representation of NAD showing the change that occurs in the nicotinamide moiety (encircled) when NAD+ is reduced to NADH. In NAD+, the nicotinamide moiety has a planar structure, whereas it is puckered in NADH as shown in this animation (avi).. In facultative aerobic bacteria the catabolism of fuel molecules is associated with the reduction of NAD+ to NADH. During the transition to oxygen limited growth, an increased level of NADH builds up, as it is less efficiently reoxidized to NAD+ as a result of reduced aerobic respiration. These roles of NADH and NAD+ provide a link between energy homeostasis and gene regulation. In most Gram-positive bacteria a novel sensor of the NAD redox balance is present. This transcriptional repressor is called Rex (from redox; Figure 2). Transcription of Rex-repressed genes in Bacillus subtilis is activated when oxygen is limiting for aerobic respiration, and as a consequence the levels of free NADH increase. This leads to production of cytochrome bd (a ...
Illustration of the process of glycolysis. Glucose is the fuel molecule that powers our body. Glycolysis is the first process in the cellular combustion of glucose. It involves ten reactions which convert glucose into pyruvate. The free energy produced in the process is used to create the high energy compounds ATP, FADH2 and NADH. - Stock Image C022/1501
Effect on Tridosha - Calms Vata and kapha.. Dosage:. 1 - 3 grams along with equal quantity of sugar and water, once or twice daily after food or as advised by Ayurvedic doctor.. Karpooradi Choornam Ingredients:. Karpoora - Camphor - Cinnamomum camphora - 10 grams. Chocha - Twak - Cinnamomum tamala - 10 grams. Takkola - Illicium verum - 10 grams. Jatiphala - Myristica fragrans - 10 grams. Jatidala - Myristica fragrans (fruit) - 10 grams. Lavanga - clove - 20 grams. Nagakeshara - Mesua ferrea- 30 grams. Maricha - Piper nigrum - 40 grams. Krishna (Pippali) - Long pepper - 50 grams. Shunti - Ginger - 60 grams. Sita - sugar. reference: Sahasra Yoga.. ...
Pyrethroid resistance in human head louse populations is widespread in the United States and worldwide. We previously documented that the knockdown resistance of permethrin-resistant head louse populations is associated with the T929I and L932F (T917I and L920F in the numbering of the louse amino acid sequence) mutations in the voltage-sensitive sodium channel a-subunit gene. In order to identify additional sodium channel mutations potentially associated with knockdown resistance, we cloned and sequenced full-length cDNA fragments from insecticide-susceptible (Ecuador) and permethrin-resistant (Florida) head louse populations and from an insecticide-susceptible body louse population (Israel). Sequence comparisons of the complete open reading frames of the sodium channel genes identified one additional novel mutation (M815I), which was located in the IIS1-2 extracellular loopof the a-subunit, from the permethrin-resistant head louse population. Absolute conservation of the Met815 residue at the ...
Chemoprevention, which includes the use of synthetic or natural agents (alone or in combination) to block the development of cancer in human beings, is an extremely promising strategy for cancer prevention. Cinnamon is one of the most widely used herbal medicines with diverse biological activities including anti-tumor activity. In the present study, we have reported the anti-neoplastic activity of cinnamon in cervical cancer cell line, SiHa. The aqueous cinnamon extract (ACE-c) was analyzed for its cinnamaldehyde content by HPTLC analysis. The polyphenol content of ACE-c was measured by Folin-Ciocalteau method. Cytotoxicity analysis was performed by MTT assay. We studied the effect of cinnamon on growth kinetics by performing growth curve, colony formation and soft agar assays. The cells treated with ACE-c were analyzed for wound healing assay as well as for matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression at mRNA and protein level by RT-PCR and zymography, respectively. Her-2 protein expression was
Supports Blood Sugar Levels within Normal Ranges Rich Source of Antioxidants that Quench Free-Radicals Helps Maintain Normal Cravings for Sugar in the Diet ALCOHOL FREE SUGGESTED USE Take 1 capsule with a small amount of warm water 2 times daily after meals. Not to be used during pregnancy or lactation. Keep away from children. Use only as directed on label. Serving Size 2 capsules Amount per serving size Calories 20 ALCOHOL FREE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT(S) OF Cinnamon Super-Critical Extract (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) 50 mg. Cinnamon Bark ETOH (Cinnamomum burmanii) 200 mcg. STANDARDIZED TO FULL SPECTRUM ACTIVITY PROFILE PER DOSE Cinnamaldehydes 33.75 mg. Phenols 45 mg. Each 2 capsules contain 2500 mg crude herb equivalent. Daily value not established Other ingredients: Vegetable Glycerin, Vegetable cellulose (capsule)
In Persian traditional medicine is believed that camphor (a crystalline ketone obtained from cinnamomum camphora) is a suppressor of sexual behaviors. This study examined the central effects of camphor on sexual hormones (LH, FSH and testosterone) and GnRH plasma levels in male rat. Male Wistar rats weighing 250-260gr were selected and ...
Cinnamomum cassia bark is the outer skin of an evergreen tall tree belonging to the family Lauraceae containing several active components such as essential oils (cinnamic aldehyde and cinnamyl aldehyde), tannin, mucus and carbohydrate. They have various biological functions including anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetic and anti-tumor activity. Previously, we have reported that anti-cancer effect of cinnamon extracts is associated with modulation of angiogenesis and effector function of CD8+ T cells. In this study, we further identified that anti-tumor effect of cinnamon extracts is also link with enhanced pro-apoptotic activity by inhibiting the activities NFκB and AP1 in mouse melanoma model. Water soluble cinnamon extract was obtained and quality of cinnamon extract was evaluated by HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) analysis. In this study, we tested anti-tumor activity and elucidated action mechanism of cinnamon extract using various types of tumor cell lines
Cinnamomum zeylanicum originates in Sri Lanka. It is a tropical evergreen tree of the laurel family growing up to 15 m (45 feet) in the wild. The tree has a very thin smooth bark, with a light yellowish brown color and a highly fragrant odor. Its pleasant scent makes it, in small amounts, a spicy addition to creams, lotions and soaps.. Although it is an indispensable spice and herbal remedy, Cinnamon is reported for negative effects including possible skin issues like allergic reactions, irritation of the skin, stimulating menstruation, contracting the uterine muscles, skin sensitization, dermatitis and burning sensation.. It is highly advisable to avoid Cinnamon oil during pregnancy as it may shrivel the uterine muscles, cause indigestion, pain in the abdomen, contribute to premature labor and is completely unsafe for the development of the fetus.. Buy Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil - 4oz - CLICK HERE. Buy Cinnamon Bark Essential Oil - 1KG - CLICK HERE. The major chemical components that are in ...
Another 8-week, double-blind, randomized clinical trial by Hasanzade and colleagues evaluated the effect of cinnamon on blood glucose levels in 70 Iranian subjects with Type 2 diabetes. The subjects were assigned to receive either cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia) or placebo. The cinnamon group received 1 gm of cinnamon by mouth twice daily for the first 30 days, then 1 gm per day for the next 30 days. Fasting blood glucose levels were assessed on day 30 and then on day 60 of the study. The study found no significant reductions in fasting blood glucose or HbA1c levels between the cinnamon and placebo groups. The results of this study might not reflect the true effect of cinnamon on blood glucose levels since the duration of the study might be too short to detect a significant change in HbA1c level, and a lower daily dose was used compared to the Akilen study. In addition, there was no protocol to ensure the purity of the cinnamon capsules in this trial. Compliance was assessed based on self-reports ...
cassia: Spice consisting of the aromatic bark of the Cinnamomum cassia plant of the family Lauraceae. Similar to true cinnamon, cassia bark has a more pungent, less delicate flavour and...
Cinnamon, with its warm and earthy flavor, has long been a beloved spice in cuisines throughout the world. Most recognized as the dark brown-red sticks of bark or in powder form, the cinnamon as we know it is harvested from the 20-30 foot tree of the Cinnamomum family. This hardy evergreen is native to Southeast Asia, specifically Sri Lanka, and sports waxy green foliage with small white flowers. The name is derived from the Greek word "kinnamon," meaning tube or pipe.. This familiar spice has a rich history! It has been a staple in the spice trade for thousands of years and was once so coveted that Arab traders, who had initially introduced the spice to the west, made up fantastical stories of cinnamons origins to ward off rival traders. The story goes that in order to harvest this intoxicating spice, one had to brave dangerous marshes to find the nest of the Great Phoenix, where the spice could only be obtained by fighting off the beasts that guarded the treasure trove! Eventually the secret ...
Brewers Best Cinnamon Sticks give a spicy cinnamon flavor and aroma. The Cinnamomum Cassia is known as a flavoring for savory dishes in Asia and Africa and used in pastries and beverages.
Our Certified Organic Cassia Oil is steam distilled from the bark, leaves & twigs of the Cinnamomum cassia tree and has a warm spicy aroma similar to cinnamon.
We investigate the effect of spatial range expansions on the evolution of fitness when beneficial and deleterious mutations co-segregate. We perform individual-based simulations of a uniform linear habitat and complement them with analytical approximations for the evolution of mean fitness at the edge of the expansion. We find that deleterious mutations accumulate steadily on the wave front during range expansions, thus creating an expansion load. Reduced fitness due to the expansion load is not restricted to the wave front but occurs over a large proportion of newly colonized habitats. The expansion load can persist and represent a major fraction of the total mutation load thousands of generations after the expansion. Our results extend qualitatively and quantitatively to two-dimensional expansions. The phenomenon of expansion load may explain growing evidence that populations that have recently expanded, including humans, show an excess of deleterious mutations. To test the predictions of our ...
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of tumor-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent research suggests that pharmacological intervention using dietary factors that activate the redox sensitive Nrf2/Keap1-ARE signaling pathway may represent a promising strategy for chemoprevention of human cancer including CRC. In our search for dietary Nrf2 activators with potential chemopreventive activity targeting CRC, we have focused our studies on trans-cinnamic aldehyde (cinnamaldeyde, CA), the key flavor compound in cinnamon essential oil. Here we demonstrate that CA and an ethanolic extract (CE) prepared from Cinnamomum cassia bark, standardized for CA content by GC-MS analysis, display equipotent activity as inducers of Nrf2 transcriptional activity. In human colon cancer cells (HCT116, HT29) and non-immortalized primary fetal colon cells (FHC), CA- and CE-treatment upregulated cellular protein levels of Nrf2 and established Nrf2 targets involved in the antioxidant response including heme
Capsicum Pure Natural 95% is the extract of dried bark of cinnamomum cassia blume and a white crystalline powder oleoresin that is not soluble in water,...
Glucose-lowering effect of DLBS3233 is mediated through phosphorylation of tyrosine and upregulation of PPARγ and GLUT4 expression Olivia Mayasari Tandrasasmita1, Deasy Diah Wulan1, Florensia Nailufar1, James Sinambela2, Raymond Rubianto Tjandrawinata1,21Division of Molecular Pharmacology, 2Division of Phytochemistry, Dexa Laboratories of Biomolecular Sciences, Dexa Medica Group, Jawa Barat, IndonesiaBackground: DLBS3233 is a standardized extract combination containing Lagerstroemia speciosa and Cinnamomum burmannii. The effect of DLBS3233 on glucose uptake, adiponectin secretion, and insulin signaling was examined in this study.Methods: 3T3 Swiss albino preadipocytes and adipocytes were used to investigate gene expression detected using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method. Immunoblotting assay and in vitro glucose uptake assay were also carried out in the experiment.Results: DLBS3233 was seen to increase phosphorylation at the tyrosine residue of the insulin receptor
Homeopathic Camphora indications, uses & symptoms from 12 materia medicas, linked and cross referenced. Available 1X-30X, 2C-30C, 200C, 1M-10M, Q
Bibliographic details on The Removal of EOG Artifacts From EEG Signals Using Independent Component Analysis and Multivariate Empirical Mode Decomposition.
In fact, not only does it eliminate dog eczema and dandruff, it also significantly improves the health and look of a dogs coat. Relatively low on the oils, and none are nut oils which is good for those with tree nut allergies. These tablets where a huge help and made a big big difference, it took some time for them to work effectivly and goat milk cure for eczema was put on the maximum dosage I could. As the essential oils of plants include the compounds which keep the plants safe from intruders, there is a long list of antimicrobial essential oils. and Choi, J.
Shake It, Spray It, De-Stinkify It! STINKY KNEE is an all-natural sport gear odor spray that will protect you and your gear from the bacteria and stinky smells that can build up in your knee pads, shoes, ankle supports, knee braces, gear bags, etc. The astringents and key antimicrobial essential oils in this product are safe for your skin, safe for the gear, safe for the environment and, if used regularly, will keep you protected from potentially harmful skin infections that can come from untreated sports gear STINKY KNEE is primarily liquid except for the important zinc oxide ingredient. The zinc oxide naturally settles to the bottom and causes the milky white appearance when you spray Stinky Knee. The essential oils included in STINKY KNEE naturally rise to the top of the liquid and are protected from light by the amber bottle HOW DO I USE STINKY KNEE? Remember to always shake STINKY KNEE well before each use as the zinc oxide powder naturally settles to the bottom and the essential
Energy-related processes in engineering systems and materials are numerous and may collectively describe most meaningful mechanical and physical features of the material/system. Those features may be retrieved using single, or ensemble-averaged, impulse-generated NDE tests using the methodology presented in this work. As a result, the NDE method may be considered as a forward step towards the development of a universal design, characterization, and evaluation methodology that integrates the NDE method, and which is equally applicable to all physically possible media. Engineering features that may be studied using energy analyses include structural efficiency, component coupling details, material viscoelastic properties and many other microstructural features ...
A new method of spectral analysis, using an approach we call the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and the Hilbert spectrum analysis (HSA), is presented. The EMD method decomposes any data into a finite number of intrinsic mode function (IMF) components with time-variable amplitudes and frequencies. This decomposition is nearly orthogonal and totally adaptive. With the decomposition, a Hilbert, rather than Fourier, transform is applied to each IMF component, which gives each component instantaneous frequency and energy density. This approach is totally new, and it is different from any of the existing methods: it uses differentiation to define the frequency rather than the traditional convolution computation; thus, it gives the instantaneous frequency and energy density. The greatest advantage of the new approach is that it is the only spectral analysis method applicable to nonstationary and nonlinear data. To illustrate the capability of his new method, we have applied it to the earthquake ...
Epilepsy is a serious neurological disorder which disturbs the common activities of a human brain. It is detected with the help of electroencephalogram (EEG) recording of the brain as it covers detailed information related to the different physiological states of the brain. A novel method based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD) with amplitude and frequency based parameters is presented in this paper to classify the seizure activity from an EEG signal. A well-known dataset consisting of EEG signals of healthy volunteers and epileptic patients, under different stages, has been used in this study. EMD has been employed for the decomposition of an EEG signal into a set of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). First four IMFs have been considered in this work. Two amplitude based parameters and one frequency based parameter have been extracted from each of the four IMFs. The validation of the extracted parameters of all IMFs has been carried out by Kruskal-Wallis statistical test and box plot method. ...
Background: The main goal of ultrasound therapy is to have clinical effects in the tissue without damage to the intervening and surrounding tissues. Treatments have been developed for both in vitro and in clinical applications. HIFU therapy is one of these. Non-invasive surgeries, such as HIFU, have been developed to treat tumors or to stop bleeding. In this approach, an adequate imaging method for monitoring and controlling the treatment is required. Methods: In this paper, an adaptive compressive sensing representation of ultrasound RF echo signals is presented based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD). According to the different numbers of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) produced by the EMD, the ultrasound signals is adaptively compressive sampled in the source and then adaptively reconstructed in the receiver domains. In this paper, a new application of compressive sensing based on EMD (CS-EMD) in the monitoring of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment is presented. ...
Under nitrogen deprivation, filaments of the cyanobacterium Anabaena undergo a process of development, resulting in a one-dimensional pattern of nitrogen-fixing heterocysts separated by about ten photosynthetic vegetative cells. Many aspects of gene expression before nitrogen deprivation and during the developmental process remain to be elucidated. Furthermore, the coupling of gene expression fluctuations between cells along a multicellular filament is unknown. We studied the statistics of fluctuations of gene expression of HetR, a transcription factor essential for heterocyst differentiation, both under steady-state growth in nitrogen-rich conditions and at different times following nitrogen deprivation, using a chromosomally-encoded translational hetR-gfp fusion. Statistical analysis of fluorescence at the individual cell level in wild-type and mutant filaments demonstrates that expression fluctuations of hetR in nearby cells are coupled, with a characteristic spatial range of circa two to ...
He was a native of Scotland ; and his father, the Very Rev. John Skinner, was Dean of Dunkeld and Dunblane, who died at Forfar in 1841, and who was son of Bishop Skinner, Primus of the Episcopal Church of Scotland. The bishop, we believe, wrote the well-known Reel of Tullochgorum.. Mr. Skinner, whose death we now record, was not only a Fellow of the Linna;an and other kindred societies, but was ever ready by his counsel and his purse to aid others who were pursuing the sciences those societies fostered. He advised with Hartweg as to the latters researches in Mexico; and he supplied Warscewicz with money at the time of his extreme need, when he had been abandoned by the Belgian Association, which had sent him to South America to collect plants.. LlLIUM TENUIFOLIUM, L. AURATUM, AND TRITOMA UVARIA, SEED-SOWING.. - The seed should be sown early in May in pots or pans, well drained, in a compost of turfy loam, peat, and leaf-mould, with the addition of one-sixth of silver sand. The seeds should be ...
The transient problem of a half-space containing a subsurface inclined semi-infinite crack subjected to dynamic antiplane loading on the boundary of the half-space has been investigated to gain insight into the phenomenon of the interaction of stress waves with material defects. The solutions are determined by superposition of the fundamental solution in the Laplace transform domain. The fundamental solution is the exponentially distributed traction on crack faces. The exact close-form transient solutions of stresses and displacement are obtained in this study. These solutions are valid for an infinitely long time and have accounted for the contributions of incident, reflected, and diffracted waves. Numerical results of the transient stresses are obtained and compared with the corresponding static values. The transient solution has been shown to approach the static value after the first few diffracted waves generated from the crack tip have passed the observation point.. ...
A method and system for discriminating atrial and ventricular signal components from a single heart lead, and for using this information for identifying an arrhythmia condition as being atrial or ventricular in origin. The invention is effective in identifying P waves occurring in complex signal which includes relatively stronger R waves or other ventricular artifacts which mask the P waves. The contribution of the R wave signal to the complex signal is obtained by filtering, time windowing and transfer function estimation, then the R wave estimate is subtracted from the combined signal to leave the P wave. The ratio of P waves to R waves, P-P and R-R intervals, and their ratios to one another and to fixed values can be estimated, and used in a comparison to discriminate between atrial and ventricular arrhythmia, to thereby enable appropriate treatment.
Recently evolved NEEs have not accumulated relic element clusters.(a-d) NEE-driven lacZ in situ hybridization experiments for D. ananassae (D. ana.) NEEs. Sho
Dosage:. 3 - 6 grams once or twice daily with honey, with gruel, meat soup, milk or warm water according to the condition. or as directed by physician.. Effect on Tridosha - Balances Kapha and Vata. Talisapatradi Vatakam Ingredients:. 48 grams of each of. Thaleesapatra - Abies webbiana. Chavika - Piper chaba. Maricha - Black pepper - Piper nigrum. 96 grams of. Krushna - Long pepper - Piper longum. Anantamoola - Hemidesmus indicus. 144 grams of. Shunti - Ginger - Zingiber officinalis. 12 grams of each of. Chaturjata - Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), Patra (Cinnamomum tamala), Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), Nagakeshara (Mesua ferrea). Usheera - Vetiveria zizanioides. The fine powder of above herbs is mixed with three times of jaggery, and rolled into tablet form.. Reference: Ashtangahrudayam.. ...
Instructions for use: Massage all over body in the shower, or pour a generous amount under warm water for a foam bath 250ml/ 8.4fl.oz. Ingredients: Aqua (Water), Acrylates Crosspolymer-X, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Polysorbate 20, Sodium Lauroyl Oat Amino Acids, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Phenoxyethanol, Pogostemon Cablin Oil, Cinnamomum Camphora (Ho Wood) Oil, Vetiveria Zizanoids (Vetivert) Oil, Ormensis Mixta (Chamomile) Oil, Benzyl Alcohol, Disodium Edta, Panthenol, Citric Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Ethylhexylglycerin, Linalool, Geraniol, Limonene
Camphor (/ˈkæmfər/) is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma. It is a terpenoid with the chemical formula C10H16O. It is found in the wood of the camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora), a large evergreen tree found in Asia (particularly in Sumatra and Borneo islands, Indonesia) and also of the unrelated kapur tree, a tall timber tree from the same region. It also occurs in some other related trees in the laurel family, notably Ocotea usambarensis. The oil in rosemary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis), in the mint family, contains 10 to 20% camphor, while camphorweed (Heterotheca) only contains some 5%. Camphor can also be synthetically produced from oil of turpentine. It is used for its scent, as an ingredient in cooking (mainly in India), as an embalming fluid, for medicinal purposes, and in religious ceremonies. A major source of camphor in Asia is camphor basil (the parent of African blue basil). The molecule has two possible enantiomers as shown in the structural ...
To read the authors abstract of the article, click on the title of the article. Then, to read the full article, click on the full text icon. KEY WORDS: Affordable, Anabasine, Anadirachtin, Asteraceae, Biodegradable, Broad-spectrum, Camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora), Chikungunya fever, Chrysanthemum, Cladophoraceae, d-lemonene (lemonine), DDT, Dengue fever, Derris, Encephalitis, Environmental quality, Filiriasis, Hellebore, Infection, […]. View Post ...
Camphor, scientifically known as Cinnamomum Camphor, is a combustible, translucent white solid which has a piquant smell and sour taste, though some people quite like its menthol-like, nose tingling fragrance.. Camphor is obtained from the bark of the tree Cinnamonun camphora. Only 50-years old trees produce a waxy substance which is used as camphor oil. The process of steam distillation is used to extract camphor oil from the stems of the tree. The camphor tree is said to be a native of Hiroshima, Japan. It is evergreen and now grows all over Asia, primarily in Indonesia. The Indonesian variety is named Dryobalanops camphora.. Camphor can be used in multiple ways. It is considered as an important ingredient in vapor rubs, balms and liniments as the oil is said to allay pain and reduce itching. It also helps in keeping cockroaches, moths and other insects at bay from our wardrobe. Camphor is used in religious ceremonies too. Besides, it is beneficial for the skin and hair.. Here are some skin, ...
What do parents dread their children bringing home from school more than a bad report card? Pediculus humanus capitis, better known as head lice. These wingless insects, also called sucking lice, have parasitized humans for thousands of years and are now are common worldwide, infesting millions of school children every year. Head lice are entirely dependent on their hosts for their survival (there are no free-living stages), are found on the head and attach their eggs to the base of hair shafts. These parasites are surprisingly nimble, moving quickly among the hairs and can transfer quickly to a new host should the opportunity present itself. Head lice reproduce rapidly and treatment can be expensive and time consuming. Many common colloquialisms resulting from human parasitism of lice include "nit-picking", "going over with a fine-toothed comb", "nitwit", and "lousy ...
Cajeput 100% pure essential oil (Melaleuca cajuputi). · *Calendula 100% pure essential oil (Calendula officinalis). · Calendula C02 extract (Calendula officinalis). · *Camphor 100% pure essential oil (Cinnamomum camphora). · Candelilla Wax. · Cardamom powder (Elettaria cardamomum). · Carrot Seed 100% pure cold-pressed oil (Daucus carota). · *Cassia 100% pure essential oil (Cinnamomum cassia). · Castor oil (Ricinus communis). · Cera Bellina. · Ceramides. · Chlorophyllin. · Cinnamon powder (Cinnamomum verum). · *Clary Sage 100% pure essential oil (Salvia sclarea). · *Clove 100% pure essential oil (Syzygium aromaticum). · Cocoa butter (Theobroma Cacao). · Coconut Milk (Cocos nucifera). · Coconut oil (Cocos nucifera). · Colloidal Silver. · *Comfrey oil 100% pure essential oil (Symphytum). · *Cucumber 100% pure extract (Cucumis sativus) ...
Looking for online definition of Pediculus humanus in the Medical Dictionary? Pediculus humanus explanation free. What is Pediculus humanus? Meaning of Pediculus humanus medical term. What does Pediculus humanus mean?
Instructions for use: Dust the blush high on the cheek, sweeping the bronzer along cheekbones and temple 14g/0.49 oz. Ingredients: Mica (CI 77019), Iron Oxides (CI 77491), Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Iron Oxides (CI 77492), Beeswax, Iron Oxides (CI 77499), Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891), Zinc Oxide, Iron Oxides (CI 77491), Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract, Thymus Vulgaris (Thyme) Extract, Origanum Vulgare Leaf Extract, Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Bark Extract, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Flower Extract, Hydrastis Canadensis (Golden Seal) Root Extract, Talc, Polyethylene, Triethylhexanoin, Zinc Stearate, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Ethylparaben, Sodium Dehydroacetate, Trisodium EDTA, Tocopheryl Acetate; May Contain: Bismuth Oxychloride (77163), Carmine (75470), Chromium Oxide Greens (77288), Red 6 (14850), Red 7 Lake (14850:1), Blue 1 Lake (42090:2), Yellow 5 Lake (19140:1), Yellow 6 Lake (15985:1), Ferric Ferrocyanide (77510), Iron Oxides (77491, 77492, 77499), Maganese Violet
Miessence Mint Toothpaste (150g) cleanses and brightens your teeth with sodium bicarbonate, while freshening your breath and helping to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Miessence toothpastes do not contain fluoride, aluminium, artificial sweeteners or detergents. Apply with a wet toothbrush morning and night, after meals to keep teeth clean and freshen your breath. Why Use it? Keep teeth clean and freshen your breath. How to Use it: Apply with a wet toothbrush morning and night, after meals. Ingredients: Organic aloe barbadensis (aloe vera) leaf juice, sodium bicarbonate, non-gmo xanthan gum, sea salt, organic mentha spicata (spearmint) essential oil, organic mentha piperita (peppermint) essential oil, stevia rebaudiana extract, organic cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon) leaf essential oil, organic syzygium aromatica (clove) bud essential oil. Eugenol and benzyl benzoate are naturally occurring components of the organic essential oils in this product. 56% Organic Product. 100% Natural Pr
Anti Aging Tincture Liquid Extract, Organic (Hawthorn Berry (Crataegus Laevigata), Ginkgo Leaf (Ginkgo Biloba), Noni Fruit (Morinda citrifolia), Cinnamon Bark (Cinnamomum Verum), Cloves Flower Buds (Syzygium Aromaticum), Ginger Root (Zingiber Officinale), Oregano Leaf (Origanum vulgare), Rosemary Leaf (Rosmarinus Officinalis), Holy Basil Herb (Ocimum tenuiflorum), Maqui Berry (Aristotelia chilensis)). ...
Historically, the Indigo color has been used in positions of power and in depictions of the Hindu god Krishna and Virgin Marys draped cloth in Christian art. The dyes export from India led to its ban in France and parts of Germany, for fear of replacing their native blue dye from the woad plant. Besides the value of its deep blue hue, it has been said to offer anti-bacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties. In its truest form, this therapeutic dye distinguishes itself from its chemical imposter used in the dyeing of jeans. The dye concoction (Kashaya) includes 24 other plants: Biophytum Sensitivum D.C., Withania Somnifera, Aloe Vera, Leucas Aspera, Mimosa Pudica, Aerva lanata Juss, Bacopa Mohnieri, Lactuca Virosa, Ocimum Tenninflorum, Curcuma, Sandalum Album, Cinnamomum Macrocarpum, Pipernigrun, Punica Granatum, Mentha Pipertia, Myristica Fragrans, Commiphora Wightii, Amaranthus Polygamus, Eryngium Foetidum Linn., Andrographis Paniculata Nees, Gloriosa Superba Linn., Houttuynia ...

Volatile constituents from leaves and branches of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae)Volatile constituents from leaves and branches of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae)

... "cinnamomum leaf oil"), C. cassia ("cassia oil") e C. camphora ("sassafras oil" e "ho leaf oil"). Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume ( ... Analysis of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume leaf oil from south India. J. Essent. Oil Res., 13: 442-443. [ Links ]. Mallavarapu, G ... Essential oil of the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. J. Essent. Oil Res., 12: 628-630. [ Links ]. Möllenbeck, S., König ... Benzyl benzoate, the major component of the leaf and stem bark oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8: 327- ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672005000300009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre...Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre...

... syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre bacterias y hongos. [Beatriz Padrón Márquez;] ... Add tags for "Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto ... schema:name "Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio ... Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre ...
more infohttp://www.worldcat.org/title/identificacion-de-compuestos-de-melia-azedarach-syzgium-aromaticum-y-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-con-efecto-inhibitorio-sobre-bacterias-y-hongos/oclc/847471644

Cinnamomum Camphora | Essential Oil | Analgesic Effect | Migraine | Nuclear Factor-kappa B,
Inducible Nitric Oxide SynthaseCinnamomum Camphora | Essential Oil | Analgesic Effect | Migraine | Nuclear Factor-kappa B, Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase

This investigation was aimed to study the analgesic effect of the essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora leaves on migraine mouse ... Cinnamomum camphora is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20-30 m tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and ... This investigation was aimed to study the analgesic effect of the essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora leaves on migraine mouse ... The essential oil of Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb. var. linaloolifera from Vietnam. J Essent Oil Res 1993;5(4): 451-3. ...
more infohttps://www.ijpsonline.com/articles/analgesic-effects-of-the-essential-oil-from-emcinnamomumcamphoraem-against-nitroglycerininduced-migraine-inmice-3831.html?view=mobile

De novo assembly of Phlomis purpurea after challenging with Phytophthora cinnamomi | BMC Genomics | Full TextDe novo assembly of Phlomis purpurea after challenging with Phytophthora cinnamomi | BMC Genomics | Full Text

Phlomis purpurea has revealed antagonistic effect in the rhizosphere of Quercus suber and Q. ilex against P. cinnamomi. Phlomis ... Comparative cyto-histological studies of P. purpurea roots challenged with P. cinnamomi zoospores and controls revealed ... is autochthonous of southern Iberian Peninsula and Morocco and was found to be resistant to Phytophthora cinnamomi. ... Plot of normalized mean versus log2 fold change for the contrast between Phytophthora cinnamomi-control versus P. cinnamomi- ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-017-4042-6

Antifungal mechanism of the combination of Cinnamomum verum and Pelargonium graveolens essential oils with fluconazole against...Antifungal mechanism of the combination of Cinnamomum verum and Pelargonium graveolens essential oils with fluconazole against...

"Antifungal mechanism of the combination of Cinnamomum verum and Pelargonium graveolens essential oils with fluconazole against ... Only Cinnamomum verum, Thymus capitatus, Syzygium aromaticum, and Pelargonium graveolens exhibited a broad spectrum of activity ... Antifungal mechanism of the combination of Cinnamomum verum and Pelargonium graveolens essential... Essid, Rym; Hammami, Majdi ... Antifungal mechanism of the combination of Cinnamomum verum and Pelargonium graveolens essential oils with fluconazole against ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/antifungal-mechanism-of-the-combination-of-cinnamomum-verum-and-gH8Wa2ujqC

Cinnamomum camphora Camphor Tree at White River SourceCinnamomum camphora Camphor Tree at White River Source

Cinnamomum camphora. Camphor Tree #A1774B Bulk seed, 4oz $10.00. #A1774C. Cinnamomum camphora Camphor Tree. #A1774C Bulk seed, ... Cinnamomum. (Camphor Tree). Trees & Shrubs Botanical Index. Trees & Shrubs Common Name Index. Trees & Shrubs Seed Germination ... Cinnamomum camphora. Camphor Tree. Evergreen tender aromatic tree with the distinct scent of camphor, which is extracted from ...
more infohttp://whiteriversource.com/cinnamomum.html

Synergistic Effects of Cinnamomum camphora Leaves Extract against Clinical Isolated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusSynergistic Effects of Cinnamomum camphora Leaves Extract against Clinical Isolated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Cinnamomum camphora. 는 제주도에서 자생하는 녹나무과의 식물이다. 민간에서는 신경 쇠약, 간질, 방광염, 신우 신염, 당뇨, 암과 당뇨병 치료제로 이용되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 80% 에탄올을 이용하여 녹나무잎을 ... Cinnamomum camphora. )는 Lauraceae과로 난대성 기후에서만 자라는 나무로 겨울에도 잎이 떨어지지 않는 상록활엽수이다( Han, 2011 ). 또한 천연기념물 제162호로 국내에서는 제주도에서 주로 자생하며 ... Ko B.S. , Lee M.Y. , Kim H.K. , Chun J.K. , Choi S.B. , Jun D.W. , Jang J.S. , Park S.M. 2005 Effect of Cinnamomum camphora ... 1] 정 차 , 미 최 , 은 고 , 승 황 , 제 강 , 좌 오 , 영 박 , 용 정 , 아 전 , and 경 최 , "Synergistic Effects of Cinnamomum camphora Leaves Extract ...
more infohttp://www.kpubs.org/article/articleMain.kpubs?articleANo=JOSMBA_2015_v28n1_9

Sassafras Oil, Safrole Oil, Sassafras Essential Oil Benefits, Suppliers, ExportersSassafras Oil, Safrole Oil, Sassafras Essential Oil Benefits, Suppliers, Exporters

Cinnamomum camphora. Both contain 80 percent or more of safrole. Japan, Italy and the United States are the most important ...
more infohttp://www.agriculturalproductsindia.com/essential-oil/essential-oils-sassafras-oil.html

Products containing Ganoderma mushroomProducts containing Ganoderma mushroom

Cinnamomum zeylanicum 0,58% Illicium verum 0,58% Eugenia caryophyllus 0,58% ...
more infohttp://dxneurope.dxnnet.com/products?mode=uk

Products containing Ganoderma mushroom - Kmettiné Csendes Szilvia s siteProducts containing Ganoderma mushroom - Kmettiné Csendes Szilvia 's site

Cinnamomum zeylanicum 0,58% Illicium verum 0,58% Eugenia caryophyllus 0,58% ...
more infohttp://health-vitality.co.uk/products

Products containing Ganoderma mushroom - Biró Anett s siteProducts containing Ganoderma mushroom - Biró Anett 's site

Cinnamomum zeylanicum 0,58% Illicium verum 0,58% Eugenia caryophyllus 0,58% ...
more infohttp://winnerscoffee.dxninfo.com/products

Cinnamomum verum - WikipediaCinnamomum verum - Wikipedia

Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family ... Cinnamomum verum trees are 10-15 metres (30-50 feet) tall. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7-18 cm (3-7 inches) long. ... "NCBI - Cinnamomum verum". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 4 October 2016.. ... The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lankas former name, Ceylon.[4] Sri Lanka ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamomum_verum

Cinnamomum kanahiraeCinnamomum kanahirae

... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T35146A9914713. . Downloaded on 15 December 2017.. ...
more infohttp://www.iucnredlist.org/details/35146/0

Cinnamomum cambodianum | plant | Britannica.comCinnamomum cambodianum | plant | Britannica.com

Cinnamomum cambodianum bark is used to make joss sticks, which are burned as incense. Oil of sassafras, as much as 80 percent ... Other articles where Cinnamomum cambodianum is discussed: Laurales: Lauraceae: ... Cinnamomum cambodianum bark is used to make joss sticks, which are burned as incense. Oil of sassafras, as much as 80 percent ... ": { "url": "/plant/Cinnamomum-cambodianum", "shareUrl": "https://www.britannica.com/plant/Cinnamomum-cambodianum", "title": " ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/plant/Cinnamomum-cambodianum

Cinnamomum micranthum - WikispeciesCinnamomum micranthum - Wikispecies

USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cinnamomum micranthum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_micranthum&oldid=2626003" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cinnamomum_micranthum

Cinnamomum - WikipediaCinnamomum - Wikipedia

Cinnamomum acuminatifolium Cinnamomum acuminatissimum Cinnamomum acutatum Cinnamomum africanum Cinnamomum aggregatum Cinnamomum ... Cinnamomum tenuipilum Cinnamomum tonkinense Cinnamomum triplinerve Cinnamomum tsangii Cinnamomum tsoi Cinnamomum validinerve ... grayi Cinnamomum assamicum Cinnamomum aubletii Cinnamomum aureo-fulvum Cinnamomum australe Cinnamomum austro-sinense Cinnamomum ... alainii Cinnamomum alatum Cinnamomum albiflorum Cinnamomum alcinii Cinnamomum alexei Cinnamomum alibertii Cinnamomum ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamomum

277. Oil Of Cinnamomum Tamala277. Oil Of Cinnamomum Tamala

Cinnamomum Tamala, Nees et Eberm., a medium-sized tree widely distributed throughout Southern Asia, yields the so-called ... Oil Of Cinnamomum Tamala. Like other Cinnamomum species, Cinnamomum Tamala, Nees et Eberm., a medium-sized tree widely ... 2) The constituents of the volatile oil of the bark of Cinnamomum pedatinervium of Fiji. Thesis, London 1903. ...
more infohttps://chestofbooks.com/health/aromatherapy/The-Volatile-Oils-Vol2/277-Oil-Of-Cinnamomum-Tamala.html

Cinnamomum tamala - WikipediaCinnamomum tamala - Wikipedia

Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tejpat, tejapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, ... "Cinnamomum tamala". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. ... 2000). "Essential oil constituents of the spice Cinnamomum tamala (Ham.) Nees & Eberm". Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 15 (6): ... 2005). "Quantitative Determination of Eugenol from Cinnamomum tamala Nees and Eberm. Leaf Powder and Polyherbal Formulation ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinnamomum_tamala

Cassia Cinnamomum | MTPRCassia Cinnamomum | MTPR

January 11th, 2014: Compounds in the beloved spice show activity against Type-2 diabetes among people with insulin resistance; cinnamon may resensitize cells to insulin. Researchers are studying cinnamon as well for its effects on HIV, colorectal cancer, multiple sclerosis and Alheimers disease.. http://www.floradelaterre.com/. ...
more infohttp://mtpr.org/term/cassia-cinnamomum

Cinnamomum camphora Camphor, Camphortree PFAF Plant DatabaseCinnamomum camphora Camphor, Camphortree PFAF Plant Database

Cinnamomum camphora is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is ... Cinnamomum camphora is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is ... Cinnamomum verum. Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree. Tree. 10.0. 10-12 S. LMH. SN. M. 4. 3. 3. ... Cinnamomum loureiroi. Saigon Cinnamon. Tree. 18.0. 10-12 M. LMH. SN. M. 4. 3. 2. ...
more infohttps://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cinnamomum+camphora

Browse Products Containing: CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWGBrowse Products Containing: CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWG

Products containing CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM made by company: Pharmacopia There are no products in the database that match your ...
more infohttp://www.ewg.org/skindeep/browse.php?comp_id=1133&ingred06=701367&showmore=products&atatime=50

Immunosuppressive Effects of A-Type Procyanidin Oligomers from Cinnamomum tamalaImmunosuppressive Effects of A-Type Procyanidin Oligomers from Cinnamomum tamala

... Liang Chen, Yang Yang, Pulong Yuan, Yifu Yang ... K. B. Killday, M. H. Davey, J. A. Glinski et al., "Bioactive A-type proanthocyanidins from Cinnamomum cassia," Journal of ... XXXIX.: procyanidin C-glucosides and an acylated flavan-3-ol glucoside from the barks of Cinnamomum cassia BLUME and C. ... G. K. Jayaprakasha, M. Ohnishi-Kameyama, H. Ono, M. Yoshida, and L. J. Rao, "Phenolic constituents in the fruits of Cinnamomum ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2014/365258/ref/

Cinnamomum camphora | Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary | Paulas ChoiceCinnamomum camphora | Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary | Paula's Choice

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
more infohttps://www.paulaschoice.com/ingredient-dictionary/plant-extracts/cinnamomum-camphora.html
  • Comparative cyto-histological studies of P. purpurea roots challenged with P. cinnamomi zoospores and controls revealed specific morphological features (exodermal strips and epi-cuticular layer), that may provide a constitutive efficient barrier against pathogen penetration. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This knowledge opens new perspectives for the understanding of defence responses underlying pathogenic oomycete/plant interaction upon challenge with P. cinnamomi . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cinnamomum micranthum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • The species of Cinnamomum have aromatic oils in their leaves and bark. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phytophthora cinnamomi is one of the most serious plant pathogens worldwide, considered among the 100 of the World's Invasive Alien Species . (csic.es)
  • HPLC analysis of glucosinolate content of plant material correlated the high biofumigant ability against P. cinnamomi found in two species (B. juncea and B. carinata) with their high content in Sinigrin present in the most effective plant tissues . (csic.es)
  • Our research is based on oxidative stress and effects of Oleum cinnamomi on stomach, liver and kidney disorders induced by ethanol. (springer.com)
  • Consequently, the current investigation shows that O. cinnamomi has protective effects on ethanol-induced oxidative and mucosal damage. (springer.com)