Sapotaceae: A plant family of the order Ebenales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are tropical trees which have elongate latex cells. Several members bear sweet edible fruits and produce triterpenoid saponins.CinnamatesCopyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Dens in Dente: Anomaly of the tooth, found chiefly in upper lateral incisors. It is characterized by invagination of the enamel at the incisal edge.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Advance Directives: Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Pharmacopoeias as Topic: Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Advance Directive Adherence: Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Manuscripts, MedicalPeer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.K562 Cells: An ERYTHROLEUKEMIA cell line derived from a CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA patient in BLAST CRISIS.Microclimate: The climate of a very small area.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Jasminum: A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Members contain secoiridoid glucosides and this is the source of oil of jasmine.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Cassia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Many species of this genus, including the medicinal C. senna and C. angustifolia, have been reclassified into the Senna genus (SENNA PLANT) and some to CHAMAECRISTA.Cinnamomum zeylanicum: The tree which is known for its bark which is sold as cinnamon. The oil contains about 65-80% cinnamaldehyde and 10% EUGENOL and many TERPENES.Cinnamomum aromaticum: A plant species of the genus CINNAMOMUM that contains CINNAMATES and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Senna Plant: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. SENNA EXTRACT is obtained from members of this genus. Members contain ANTHRAQUINONES and have been an ingredient in laxatives (CATHARTICS). Many species of the CASSIA genus have been reclassified into this genus. This bush should not be confused with the Cassia tree (CINNAMOMUM).Condiments: Aromatic substances added to food before or after cooking to enhance its flavor. These are usually of vegetable origin.Spices: The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Bacopa: A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain bacopaside, bacopasaponins and other dammarane type jujubogenins.Nutrition Therapy: Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.Polyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Gift Giving: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.Cyclic AMP: An adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group which is esterified to both the 3'- and 5'-positions of the sugar moiety. It is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator, functioning as a mediator of activity for a number of hormones, including epinephrine, glucagon, and ACTH.Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer: A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Great BritainBundle-Branch Block: A form of heart block in which the electrical stimulation of HEART VENTRICLES is interrupted at either one of the branches of BUNDLE OF HIS thus preventing the simultaneous depolarization of the two ventricles.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.

Nitrocinnamoyl and chlorocinnamoyl derivatives of dihydrocodeinone: in vivo and in vitro characterization of mu-selective agonist and antagonist activity. (1/746)

Two 14beta-p-nitrocinnamoyl derivatives of dihydrocodeinone, 14beta-(p-nitrocinnamoylamino)-7,8-dihydrocodeinone (CACO) and N-cyclopropylmethylnor-14beta-(p-nitrocinnamoylamino)- 7, 8-dihydrocodeinone (N-CPM-CACO), and the corresponding chlorocinnamoylamino analogs, 14beta-(p-chlorocinnamoylamino)-7, 8-dihydrocodeinone (CAM) and N-cyclopropylmethylnor-14beta-(p-chlorocinnamoylamino) -7, 8-dihydrocodeinone (MC-CAM), were tested in opioid receptor binding assays and the mouse tail-flick test to characterize the opioid affinity, selectivity, and antinociceptive properties of these compounds. In competition binding assays, all four compounds bound to the mu opioid receptor with high affinity. When bovine striatal membranes were incubated with any of the four dihydrocodeinones, binding to the mu receptor was inhibited in a concentration-dependent, wash-resistant manner. Saturation binding experiments demonstrated that the wash-resistant inhibition of mu binding was due to a decrease in the Bmax value for the binding of the mu-selective peptide [3H][D-Ala2, MePhe4,Gly(ol)5] enkephalin and not a change in the Kd value, suggesting an irreversible interaction of the compounds with the mu receptor. In the mouse 55 degrees C warm water tail-flick test, both CACO and N-CPM-CACO acted as short-term mu-selective agonists when administered by i. c.v. injection, whereas CAM and MC-CAM produced no measurable antinociception at doses up to 30 nmol. Pretreatment of mice for 24 h with any of the four dihydrocodeinone derivatives produced a dose-dependent antagonism of antinociception mediated by the mu but not the delta or kappa receptors. Long-term antagonism of morphine-induced antinociception lasted for at least 48 h after i.c. v. administration. Finally, shifts in the morphine dose-response lines after 24-h pretreatment with the four dihydrocodeinone compounds suggest that the nitrocinnamoylamino derivatives may produce a greater magnitude long-term antagonism of morphine-induced antinociception than the chlorocinnamoylamino analogs.  (+info)

A-Current down-modulated by sigma receptor in frog pituitary melanotrope cells through a G protein-dependent pathway. (2/746)

Gramicidin perforated patch-clamp recordings were used to study the effects of two sigma 1 receptor ligands, (+)-N-cyclopropylmethyl-N-methyl-1, 4-diphenyl-1-ethyl-but-3-en-1-ylamine hydrochloride (JO 1784) and (+)-pentazocine, on the transient outward potassium current (IA) in cultured frog melanotrope cells. (+)-Pentazocine reversibly decreased the current amplitude in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of (+)-pentazocine were mimicked by JO 1784 and were markedly reduced by the sigma 1 receptor antagonist, N, N-dipropyl-2-[4-methoxy-3-2(2-phenylethoxy)phenyl]-ethylamine monohydrochloride (NE 100). Inactivation rate of IA was best fitted with a double exponential function, yielding time constants of 23.7 and 112.5 ms. (+)-Pentazocine (20 microM) accelerated the current decay, decreasing the time constants to 10.7 and 59 ms, respectively. Current-voltage experiments revealed that (+)-pentazocine (20 microM) did neither modify the open-state I/V curves nor the voltage dependence of IA. However, (+)-pentazocine (20 microM) shifted the steady-state inactivation curve toward more negative potentials and increased the time constant of the time-dependent removal of inactivation. In whole-cell experiments, internal dialysis of guanosine-5'-O-(3-thiophosphate) (100 microM) irreversibly prolonged the response to (+)-pentazocine. In addition, cholera toxin pretreatment (1 microgram. ml-1; 12 h) suppressed the inhibition of IA by (+)-pentazocine (20 microM). It is concluded that in frog melanotrope cells, a cholera toxin-sensitive, G protein-dependent inhibition of IA through a sigma 1 receptor activation, at least partially, underlies the excitatory effect of sigma ligands.  (+info)

Dehydrodicaffeic acid dilactone, an inhibitor of catechol-O-methyl transferase. (3/746)

In the screening of catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors, three compounds were isolated from the culture filtrate of a mushroom, Inonotus sp. One was 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid (caffeic acid) which had been reported as an inhibitor of this enzyme. The others were the dextrorotatory 2,6-bis-(3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,7-dioxabicyclo-[3,3,0]-octane 4,8-dione (dehydrodicaffeic acid dilactone) andits antipode. These new compounds inhibited both dopamine beta-hydroxylase and dopa decarboxylase and showed hypotensive activity in the SH rat.  (+info)

Membrane tubule-mediated reassembly and maintenance of the Golgi complex is disrupted by phospholipase A2 antagonists. (4/746)

Although membrane tubules can be found extending from, and associated with, the Golgi complex of eukaryotic cells, their physiological function has remained unclear. To gain insight into the biological significance of membrane tubules, we have developed methods for selectively preventing their formation. We show here that a broad range of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) antagonists not only arrest membrane tubule-mediated events that occur late in the assembly of the Golgi complex but also perturb its normal steady-state tubulovesicular architecture by inducing a reversible fragmentation into separate "mini-stacks." In addition, we show that these same compounds prevent the formation of membrane tubules from Golgi stacks in an in vitro reconstitution system. This in vitro assay was further used to demonstrate that the relevant PLA2 activity originates from the cytoplasm. Taken together, these results demonstrate that Golgi membrane tubules, sensitive to potent and selective PLA2 antagonists, mediate both late events in the reassembly of the Golgi complex and the dynamic maintenance of its steady-state architecture. In addition, they implicate a role for cytoplasmic PLA2 enzymes in mediating these membrane trafficking events.  (+info)

Recombination between two identical sequences within the same retroviral RNA molecule. (5/746)

As a consequence of being diploid viruses, members of the Retroviridae have a high recombination rate. To measure recombination between two identical sequences within the same RNA molecule per round of retroviral replication cycle, a murine leukemia virus based vector (JZ442 + 3' Hyg) has been constructed. It carries a drug resistance gene, hyg, and a 290-bp repeat sequence of the 3' hyg gene inserted into the 3' untranslated region of the green fluorescent protein gene (gfp). Under fluorescence microscopy, Hygr cells containing the recombinant proviruses were clear, while a green color was observed in the drug-resistant cells carrying the parental proviruses. The rate of recombination was determined by the ratio of the number of clear colonies to the total number of Hygr colonies (green and clear colonies). The rate of recombination was found to be 62% by this method. The intermolecular recombination rate between an infectious virus bearing two copies of the 290-bp segment and a noninfectious chimeric RNA virus containing only a single copy of this sequence was also measured.  (+info)

Transposition of IS117 of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) in Mycobacterium smegmatis. (6/746)

Derivatives of IS117, the Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) 2.6 kb minicircle, transpose efficiently in Mycobacterium smegmatis, targeting chromosomal sites resembling translation start signals. Two IS117 derivatives, pIJ4696 and pIJ4697, containing a Streptomyces hygromycin-resistance gene in opposite orientations were introduced into M. smegmatis by electroporation and found to integrate into one of three specific sites. Integrations at sites A and B were frequent while integration at site C was observed only once. Only one site was occupied in each transformant. Sites A and B had either single or tandem integrations. PFGE analysis located these sites on different genomic Asel fragments. The sequences of the chromosome-IS117 junctions confirmed that integration was via the same IS117 attachment site as in Streptomyces, that there was no target site duplication, and that the orientation of IS117 at each site was fixed. In contrast to the situation in Streptomyces lividans, no deletions were created by the transposition and no circular forms could be detected. Comparison of the three M. smegmatis chromosomal 15117 target sites (attB) with known primary and secondary S. lividans attB sites showed that only a 2 bp 'AG' sequence at the crossover point was conserved. Dividing the attB sites into two groups produced two longer consensus target sites, GtcAAGg and gCCGATAGg. Most of the IS117 target sites resemble translational start sites, and site C resembles strongly the amino-terminal sequence of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis aminopeptidase. The level of hygromycin resistance in the transformants was high and independent of the site of integration, the number of copies integrated, or the orientation of the hyg gene. pIJ4696 at all three sites was stable in M. smegmatis in the absence of selection for at least 60 cell divisions. pIJ4696, pIJ4697 and other IS117 derivatives are promising vectors for the stable, integrative cloning of genes in M. smegmatis.  (+info)

kappa-Opioid receptor effects of butorphanol in rhesus monkeys. (7/746)

Butorphanol and nalbuphine have substantial affinity for mu and kappa-opioid receptor sites, yet their behavioral effects in monkeys are largely consistent with a mu receptor mechanism of action. Using ethylketocyclazocine (EKC) discrimination and diuresis assays in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), the purpose of the current investigation was to characterize the in vivo kappa-opioid activity of these compounds through the use of an insurmountable mu-opioid receptor antagonist, clocinnamox. Alone, butorphanol (0.001-0.032 mg/kg i.m.) failed to generalize to EKC, and pretreatment with the competitive opioid receptor antagonist quadazocine (0.1 or 0.32 mg/kg i.m.) did not alter this generalization. At 24 h after clocinnamox (0.1 mg/kg i.m.) administration, butorphanol fully generalized to EKC, and this generalization was maintained in two of three monkeys at 72 h. Parallel results were observed in diuresis: butorphanol alone and in the presence of quadazocine (1 mg/kg i.m.) did not alter urine output, and a marked diuretic effect was demonstrated 24 h to 2 weeks after clocinnamox administration. Clocinnamox did not alter the discriminative stimulus or diuretic effects of nalbuphine or of the kappa-opioid receptor agonists EKC or U69593. These results are consistent with an in vivo agonist activity of butorphanol at kappa-opioid receptors that can only be demonstrated when an insurmountable antagonist has substantially eliminated the dominant receptor population through which it exerts its action.  (+info)

Enhancer-blocking activity within the DNase I hypersensitive site 2 to 6 region between the TCR alpha and Dad1 genes. (8/746)

Although tightly linked, the TCR alpha and delta genes are expressed specifically in T lymphocytes, whereas the Dad1 gene is ubiquitously expressed. Between TCR alpha and Dad1 are eight DNase I hypersensitive sites (HS). HS1 colocalizes with the TCR alpha enhancer (Ealpha) and is T cell-specific; HS2, -3, -4, -5, and -6 map downstream of HS1 and are tissue-nonspecific. The region spanning HS2-6 was reported to display chromatin-opening activity and to confer copy number-dependent and integration site-independent transgene expression in transgenic mice. Here, we demonstrate that HS2-6 also displays enhancer-blocking activity, as it can block an enhancer from activating a promoter when located between the two in a chromatin-integrated context, and can do so without repressing either the enhancer or the promoter. Multiple enhancer-blocking elements are arrayed across HS2-6. We show that HS2-6 by itself does not activate transcription in chromatin context, but can synergize with an enhancer when located upstream of an enhancer and promoter. We propose that HS2-6 primarily functions as an insulator or boundary element that may be critical for the autonomous regulation of the TCR alpha and Dad1 genes.  (+info)

Business Directory for Cinnamic Acid Suppliers in Mumbai - Get contact details of Cinnamic Acid Manufacturers, Wholesale Cinnamic Acid Exporters, Best Cinnamic Acid Traders & Distributors Across the Mumbai.
Latest China HS Code & tariff for p oh cinnamic acid - Tariff & duty, regulations & restrictions, landed cost calculator, customs data for p oh cinnamic acid in ETCN. China customs statistics trade data.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Inhibition of TBK1/IKKε Promotes Regeneration of Pancreatic β-cells. AU - Xu, Jin. AU - Jia, Yun Fang. AU - Tapadar, Subhasish. AU - Weaver, Jessica D.. AU - Raji, Idris O.. AU - Pithadia, Deeti J.. AU - Javeed, Naureen. AU - García, Andrés J.. AU - Choi, Doo Sup. AU - Matveyenko, Aleksey V. AU - Oyelere, Adegboyega K.. AU - Shin, Chong Hyun. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. N2 - β-cell proliferation induction is a promising therapeutic strategy to restore β-cell mass. By screening small molecules in a transgenic zebrafish model of type 1 diabetes, we identified inhibitors of non-canonical IκB kinases (IKKs), TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) and IκB kinase ε (IKKε), as enhancers of β-cell regeneration. The most potent β-cell regeneration enhancer was a cinnamic acid derivative (E)-3-(3-phenylbenzo[c]isoxazol-5-yl)acrylic acid (PIAA), which, acting through the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), stimulated β-cell-specific proliferation by increasing cyclic AMP (cAMP) ...
Background/aim: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major health problem worldwide. Cinnamic acid (CA) and its derivatives are synthesized in plants and increasing attention has been given to them in recent years due to the high ...
China Natural High Quality Rosemary Extract Rosmarinic Acid, Find details about China Rosmarinic Acid, Rosemary Extract from Natural High Quality Rosemary Extract Rosmarinic Acid - Nanjing Zelang Medical Technology Co., Ltd.
BACKGROUND: The Cosmetics Europe ADME Task Force is developing in vitro and in silico tools for predicting skin and systemic concentrations after topical application of cosmetic ingredients. There are conflicting reports as to whether the freezing process affects the penetration of chemicals; therefore, we evaluated whether the storage of human skin used in our studies (8-12 weeks at -20°C) affected the penetration of model chemicals. METHODS: Finite doses of trans-cinnamic acid (TCA), benzoic acid (BA), and 6-methylcoumarin (6MC) (non-volatile, non-protein reactive and metabolically stable in skin) were applied to fresh and thawed frozen skin from the same donors ...
I thought this article was interesting on rosmarinic acid and T cells and autoimmune disease. Ive taken rosmarinic acid before, but only short term...
Inflammatory activation plays a vital role in the pathophysiological mechanisms of stroke, exerting deleterious effects on the progression of tissue damage and may lead to the vascular damage in diabetes. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of rosmarinic acid (RA) on a cultured neuronal cell line, SH-SY5Y in vitro and experimental ischemic diabetic stroke in vivo. For oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) stimulated SH-SY5Y cell line in vitro, SH-SY5Y cells were incubated with RA. For an in vivo experiment, diabetic rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MACO) for 40 minutes followed by reperfusion for 23 h. Treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with RA reduced the OGD-induced apoptosis and cytotoxicity, blocked TNF-α-induced nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) activation, and decreased high-mobility group box1 (HMGB1) expression. At doses higher than 50 mg/kg, RA produced a significant neuroprotective potential in rats with ischemia
Abstract: The method of the physical load in condition of the coronary circulation of the blood disturbance, caused mesaton injection, induced development rat cardiopathology, bring about of the heart function decompensation and 40% death of experimenthal animals. Under electronic-microscopic study of rat cardiomyocytes are discovered signs to disorganizations of mitochondrial apparatus of these cells. Administration to therapeutic mode of luteolin and echinochrome A preparations has provided to 100% animal probability of survival. At the same time, mitochondrial apparatus of cardiomyocytes was characterized by the normal parameter i.e. given preparations have provided of defensive adative effect at cardiomyocytes level. Similar activities for rosmarinic acid have not shown. Study some metabolic parameter and endocrine status animal has also allowed revealing of therapeutic effect of luteolin and echinochrome A.Findings be evidence of that echinochrome А and luteolin capable to play the ...
Healthy adults with a clinical diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee will be recruited and will undergo a brief phone screening interview, followed by a detailed in-person screening process, to determine study eligibility.. Eligible participants will be matched according to sex, baseline pain according to the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) score, and duration of osteoarthritis. Participants will then be randomly assigned to receive either the investigative high rosmarinic acid spearmint tea or a comparable placebo mint tea.. During the 4-month treatment period, participants will consume two cups (300 mL in the morning and 300 mL in the evening) of either the high rosmarinic acid spearmint tea (approximately 300 mg rosmarinic acid per day) or the commercial spearmint tea (approximately 20 mg of rosmarinic acid per day) daily.. Data collection will occur at baseline (week 0), mid-treatment (week 8), post-treatment (week 16), and follow-up (week 20). Outcome ...
20283-92-5 - DOUMFZQKYFQNTF-WUTVXBCWSA-N - Rosmarinic acid - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Objective(s): Stroke poses a crucial risk for mortality and morbidity. Our study aimed to investigate the effect of p-coumaric acid on focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Material and Methods: Rats were randomly divided into four groups, namely Group I (control rats), Group II (ischemia rats), Group III (6 hr ischemia + p-coumaric acid rats) and Group IV (24 hr ischemia + p-coumaric acid rats). Cerebral ischemia was induced via intraluminal monofilament occlusion model. In all groups, the brain was removed after the procedure and rats were sacrificed. Malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase and nuclear respiratory factor-1 were measured in the ischemic hemisphere. The histopathological changes were observed in the right hemisphere within the samples. Functional assessment was performed for neurological deficit scores. Results: Following the treatment, biochemical factors changed significantly. Histopathologically, it was shown that p-coumaric acid decreased the oxidative damage. The neurological deficit
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ID PHPHP1 preliminary; circular DNA; SYN; 3818 BP. XX AC IG0168; K01193; X01385; XX DT 02-NOV-1992 (Rel. 7, Created) DT 01-JUL-1995 (Rel. 12, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE E. coli phagemid vector pHph+1 - complete. XX KW cloning vector. XX OS Cloning vector OC Artificial sequences; Cloning vehicles. XX RN [1] RC pHph+1 RA Muller A., Piepersberg W.; RT ; RL Submitted (08-AUG-1989) by: RL Muller A., Inst. fur Biochemie, Darmstadt, Germany. XX RN [2] RC pHph-1, pHph+1 from pUC9 & hygromycin resistance gene RA Muller A., Piepersberg W.; RT ; RL Unpublished (1984). XX CC old Boehringer vector. CC NM (pHph+1) CC CM (yes) CC NA (ds-DNA) CC TP (circular) CC ST () CC TY (phagemid) CC SP () CC HO (E.coli K-12) CC CP () CC FN (promoter analysis) CC SE () CC PA (pUC8)(pJHPH) CC BR (pHph0)(pHph-1) CC OF () CC OR () XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT misc_feature 0..0 FT /note="1. E. coli 1142bp, hyg gene FT -, pJHph FT 1. pUC12 remove EcoRI-BamHI 18bp 231..249, MCS/2662bp FT 2. pJHph 1142bp 220..1362, hyg ...
There is a hygromycin marker on the pGIPZ, pTRIPZ, and pLemiR vectors. It was present on the parent plasmid that they were constructed from but its function has never been tested in house. The hygromycin in the TRIPZ vector was specifically inactivated so it will not work. In theory you could use the hygromycin marker for selection of cells transfected with the pGIPZ or pLemiR plasmid but the hygromycin takes longer to have the desired effect than puromycin. You would not be able to use hygromycin for selection of transduced cells because only what is between the LTRs of the vectors would be packaged and the hygromycin marker lies outside of the LTRs ...
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles. Involved in the detoxification of certain herbicides. Most active with substrates possessing a chloroacetamide structure. Trans-cinnamic acid and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene are not effective substrates. May play an important role in the benoxacor-mediated protection of maize from metolachlor injury.
... ,Hygromycin resistance gene (hph), provided in a pORF plasmid. pORF is an expression plasmid selectable with Ampicillin.,biological,biology supply,biology supplies,biology product
This line was derived from the human embryonic kidney line, 293 in 2001. 293 cells were transfected with the plasmid pVgRXR bearing a Zeocin-resistance selectable marker to obtain 293VgRXR cells. This population was subsequently transfected with the plasmid pEKORF6 containing Ad5 E4 ORF 6 that encodes E4 34K. pEKORF6 is a derivative of the plasmid pIndHydro that contains a hygromycin resistance gene. The vectors contain SV40 viral DNA sequences. The 2V6.11 cell line was originally selected in hygromycin-containing medium and cloned by single-colony isolation with a cloning cylinder. The 2V6.11 cells inducibly express the human adenovirus E4, 34kDa protein (E4 ORF6). 2V6.11 cells exhibit little or no constitutive E4 biologic activity. Induction by ponasterone A, an ecdysone analog, however, results in E4 biologic activity and levels of E4 34kDa protein that are detectable by immunoblotting. These cells can be used as a tool to study the biology of the adenoviral E4 oncoprotein.
The first part of this review is devoted to correlation of the data of five foreign reviews and the original research and data of the author on the synthesis of mesoionic heterocycles that do not...
Catalyzes the insertion of one atom of molecular oxygen into position 2 of the phenyl ring of 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate (3-HPP) and hydroxycinnamic acid (3HCI).
Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) is a freely available dictionary of molecular entities focused on small chemical compounds.
In a 500-cc. flask, fitted with a 24-cm. fractionating column (Note 1) and (Note 2) attached to a water-jacketed condenser, are placed 148 g. (1 mole) of dry powdered cinnamic acid, 2 g. of hydroquinone, and several small pieces of clay plate. One-half gram of hydroquinone is also placed in the flask in which the distillate is to be collected (Note 3). The acid is rapidly heated over a wire gauze with a free flame until phenylethylene begins to distil, the heating being regulated so that the temperature of the vapors at the head of the column never exceeds 130°, and mainly remains below 120° (Note 4) and (Note 2). The cinnamic acid refluxes, but very little should escape and collect in the condenser. The decomposition is complete in three and one-half to five hours, when no more phenylethylene distils and the temperature at the head of the column rises rapidly ...
Reduces Inflammation: A 2010 study found that due to its cinnamic acid and other natural properties, shea butter was anti-inflammatory. One compound in particular, lupeol cinnamate, was found to reduce skin inflammation and even potentially help avoid skin mutations. This also makes it beneficial for some people with acne ...
We are trying to establish two stable cell lines using G418 resistance and hygromycin resistance. After determining the concentration of each drug needed to kill the cells, we proceeded with transfections. Some of the control cells (approx. 30%), those transfected with no DNA, did not die. Has anyone encountered this problem before? If so, what actions did you take? Could you still establish a stable cell line? Thanks. http://biowww.net/mynews/tree.php?group_name=bionet_immunology&begin=0 ...
Quorum sensing is a bacterial communication mechanism that controls genes, enabling bacteria to live as communities, such as biofilms. Homoserine lactone (HSL) molecules function as quorum-sensing signals for Gram-negative bacteria. Plants also produce previously unidentified compounds that affect quorum sensing. We identified rosmarinic acid as a plant-derived compound that functioned as an HSL mimic. In vitro assays showed that rosmarinic acid bound to the quorum-sensing regulator RhlR of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and competed with the bacterial ligand N-butanoyl-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL). Furthermore, rosmarinic acid stimulated a greater increase in RhlR-mediated transcription in vitro than that of C4-HSL. In P. aeruginosa, rosmarinic acid induced quorum sensing-dependent gene expression and increased biofilm formation and the production of the virulence factors pyocyanin and elastase. Because P. aeruginosa PAO1 infection induces rosmarinic acid secretion from plant roots, our results ...
purpose. To characterize the molecular sequelae induced in retinoblastoma (Rb) cells by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs). Hydroxamic acid-based HDACIs such as vorinostat (suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid) induce the differentiation and apoptosis of transformed cells. Vorinostat has demonstrated significant anticancer activity against hematologic and solid tumors at doses well tolerated by patients and has been approved for the treatment of patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.. methods. The authors evaluated the effects of the HDACIs vorinostat and m-carboxycinnamic acid bis-hydroxamide on the Rb cell lines Y79 and WERI-Rb1 with the use of the MTT assay, BrdU incorporation assay, flow cytometry, immunoblotting, gene-expression profiling, quantitative RT-PCR, and NF-κB DNA-binding assay.. results. Both HDACIs were effective against both Rb cell lines, inducing growth arrest and apoptosis in vitro. Vorinostat increased p53 expression and activated caspases -8, -9 and -3, whereas caspase ...
Rosmarinic acid is a actinic admixture begin in a array of plants. It has antioxidant properties. Rosmarinic acid is a abeyant anxiolytic as it acts as a GABA transaminase inhibitor, added accurately on 4-aminobutyrate transaminase. Rosmarinic acid aswell inhibits the announcement of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase via its cyclooxygenase-inhibiting properties. Senescent leaves of Heliotropium foertherianum (Boraginaceae) aswell…
The aim of this study was to explore the effect of picroside II on neuronal apoptosis and the expression of caspase-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) following middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion in male Wistar rats. Picroside II (10 mg/kg) was administered intravenously into the tail vein of the animals. The neurological function deficits were evaluated with the Bedersons test and the cerebral infarction volume was visualized with tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. The apoptotic cells were counted by in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated biotinylated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The immunohistochemistry stain and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the expressions of caspase-3 and PARP in brain tissue. The results indicated that rats in the control group showed neurological function deficit and cerebral infarction in ischemic hemisphere after two hours ischemia followed by 22 hours reperfusion. Caspase-3 and
Looking for online definition of dihydrocodeinone bitartrate in the Medical Dictionary? dihydrocodeinone bitartrate explanation free. What is dihydrocodeinone bitartrate? Meaning of dihydrocodeinone bitartrate medical term. What does dihydrocodeinone bitartrate mean?
antibody-antibodies.com is the marketplace for research antibodies. Find the right antibody for your research needs. Accumulation of tilianin and rosmarinic acid and expression of phenylpropanoid biosynthetic genes in Agastache rugosa.
Skeletal muscle is a major insulin-target tissue and plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. Impaired insulin action in muscles leads to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. 5′ AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensor, its activation increases glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and AMPK activators have been viewed as a targeted approach in combating insulin resistance. We previously reported AMPK activation and increased muscle glucose uptake by rosemary extract (RE). In the present study, we examined the effects and the mechanism of action of rosmarinic acid (RA), a major RE constituent, in L6 rat muscle cells. RA (5.0 μM) increased glucose uptake (186 ± 4.17% of control, p , 0.001) to levels comparable to maximum insulin (204 ± 10.73% of control, p , 0.001) and metformin (202 ± 14.37% of control, p , 0.001). Akt phosphorylation was not affected by RA, while AMPK phosphorylation was increased. The RAstimulated glucose uptake was inhibited by the AMPK inhibitor ...
FtsZ plays an important role in bacterial cell division by polymerizing to form the Z ring at the site of cytokinesis. Phytochemicals are known to disrupt bacterial cell division through inhibition of FtsZ assembly. In the present study phytochemicals like eugenol, trans-cinnamic acid, 4-formyl cinnamic acid, naringenin and caffeic acid were were tested for their potential to inhibit cell division. Effect of these antimicrobial compounds on the growth of E. coli was determined and the inhibition of FtsZ assembly in vitro was investigated. The present study revealed trans-cinnamic acid as the most potent inhibitor of FtsZ assembly ...
Refined Petroleum Product Market in Argentina to 2022. The report Refined Petroleum Product Market in Argentina to 2022 offers the most up-to-date industry data on the actual market situation, and future outlook for refined petroleum products in Argentina. The research includes historical data from 2011 to 2017 and forecasts until 2022 which makes the report an invaluable resource .... February 2018 , $611 ,View Details>> ...
9.C.8 The ABC Lignin Precursor Transporters (ALPT) Family. Lignin is a complex biopolymer derived primarily from the condensation of three monomeric precursors, the monolignols. The synthesis of monolignols occurs in the cytoplasm. To reach the cell wall where they are oxidized and polymerized, they must be transported across the cell membrane. Using isolated plasma and vacuolar membrane vesicles prepared from Arabidopsis, together with applying different transporter inhibitors in the assays, Miao and Liu (2010) examined the uptake of monolignols and their derivatives by these native membrane vesicles. They demonstrated that the transport of lignin precursors across plasmalemma and their sequestration into vacuoles are ATP-dependent primary-transport processes, involving ATP-binding cassette-like transporters. Moreover, both plasma and vacuolar membrane vesicles selectively transported different forms of lignin precursors. In the presence of ATP, the inverted plasma membrane vesicles ...
The Golm Metabolome Database (GMD) facilitates the search for and dissemination of mass spectra from biologically active metabolites quantified using GC-MS.
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A mesoinic pyridylideneamide ligand (PYA) was synthetized and fully characterized and coordinated to an iridium(iii) center. This ligand represents the first example of a mesoionic N-donor ligand. Structural and spectroscopic analysis revealed unique properties which were exploited in chemically driven water oxidat
(2-methyl-2-adamantyl) prop-2-enoate 249562-06-9 NMR spectrum, (2-methyl-2-adamantyl) prop-2-enoate H-NMR spectral analysis, (2-methyl-2-adamantyl) prop-2-enoate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
1-adamantyl 2-(trifluoromethyl)prop-2-enoate 188739-82-4 NMR spectrum, 1-adamantyl 2-(trifluoromethyl)prop-2-enoate H-NMR spectral analysis, 1-adamantyl 2-(trifluoromethyl)prop-2-enoate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
Read "cDNA cloning and heterologous expression of coniferin β-glucosidase, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Mycoplasma coexpression expression vector with the Phsp promoter and C-termial c-myc tag; newer version of pMYC4-H suitable for universal cloning by PacI and SbfI sites; hygromycin resistance in bacteria and mycobacteria; restriction enzyme cloning (PacI, SbfI ...
The phenolic compound used in this study is p-coumaric acid, which is the derivative of phenolic acid playing a role in giving color, odor and taste to the plants. The p-coumaric acid is an organic compound derived from ...
1-Adamantanecarboxylic acid, 2-adamantyl ester | C21H30O2 | CID 585141 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
In experiments with albino rats it was found that after administration of phytobacteriomycin, trichotecin, hygromycin B or levoristatin into the stomach in doses of 1/20 of LD50 activity of the microsomal enzymes of the liver cells significantly changed and the changes persisted within at least 2 weeks. The above antibiotics induced similar changes in the lysosome enzyme, i.e. acid phosphatase, providing an increase in its activity. Changes in the activity of succinate dehydrogenase (mytochondria indicator enzyme), glucose-6-phosphatase (ribosome indicator enzyme) and aspartate aminotransferase (cytoplasm indicator enzyme) were different for each antibiotic. It is concluded that the above antibiotics were capable of impairing on intoxication the enzymatic function of various cell microstructures, though the levels of the change direction may be different.
Dimethomorf (Dimethomorph) 90 g/kg (SkupinyGroups: cinnamic acid amides), Mankozeb (Mancozeb) 600 g/kg (SkupinyGroups: dithio-carbamatesand relatives) ...
Page contains details about p-coumaric acid-loaded Ni-carbonate nanovalve . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Before you buy Tree Hut Original Shea Body Butter Original Shea, check out 199 Influenster reviews. Sakeeina D. said This product is just super super...
One show I definitely look forward to attending next season is LaQuan Smith. All of the looks were strong ,sexy and wearable off the runway . For those who crave style this line will never disappoint. To fit in with the theme of confident and strong Shea Moisture the team was on hand to create…
This study evaluated the protective effects of two rosemary components, namely, rosmarinic acid and carnosic acid against hypoglycemia, hyperlipidemia, oxidative stress and an imbalanced architecture of gut microbiota in diabetic rats. The treatment with rosmarinic acid and carnosic acid (30 mg/Kg) decreased
Supplement Facts & Directions Supplement Facts Serving Size: 500 milligrams Servings Per Container: Varies Amount Per Serving % Daily Value* Rosemary Extract (Rosmarinus officinalis) 500 mg (standardized to ≥5% rosmarinic acid) (leaf) † * Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.† Daily Value Not Esta
Herbal therapy is one way to ensure this. Read on to find out more about some of the herbs which are best for cleansing the lungs and supporting the respiratory system. And, one more thing - these herbs are naturally rich in carvacrol, flavonoids, and terpenes; all of which are natural decongestants and antihistamines.. Oregano. Oregano is awesome! How this works - well, when pollen, dust, mold, chemicals, fungus, and bacteria are invading your body, it releases a chemical called histamine which causes a reaction similar to allergic reactions - nasal congestion, increased mucous production, and sneezing. Histamine reducing herbs like oregano aid in counteracting histamine and may help reduce these reactions. Oregano also contains rosmarinic acid.. A recent study, conducted by group of researchers, has discovered that rosmarinic acid reduces fluid buildup and even swelling during an allergy attack, making it a natural histamine-reducing compound. And, you should also know that oregano contains ...
A molecularly imprinted polymer was synthesized for the purpose of sinapic acid isolation from Egyptian nutraceutical Botrytis italica, L. (broccoli) due to its prominent medicinal and wide pharmacological activities. A computational study was first developed to determine the optimal template to functional monomer molar ratio. Based on the computational results, five polymers were synthesized using a bulk polymerization method with sinapic acid as the template molecule. Evaluation of the synthesized polymers binding performance was carried out using batch rebinding assay, which revealed that the molecularly imprinted polymer of molar ratio (1:4:20), template to functional monomer (4-vinyl pyridine) to crosslinker (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) was of optimum performance, thus, this polymer was applied for sinapic acid isolation from closely related analogues ...
Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid; FA), a common dietary plant phenolic compound, is abundant in fruits and vegetables. The aim of present study is to investigate the effects of FA on...
In general, the cellular structure of T. brucei is similar to all other eukaryotes. There are however, a few differences. T. bruceis cell surface has, (in addition to its surface antigens), a thick layer of proteins, called Variant Surface Glycoprotein (VSGs) genes. These allow the surface antigens to mutate, by switching variants.(2) Having over 1000 VSG genes and psuedogenes, T. brucei is able to switch variants frequently. Trascription occurs one gene at a time, from one of many telomeric VSG expression sites.(3) In order to switch an active VSG gene, DNA rearrangements must occur, to switch the old VSG gene with a new one. Using the bloodstream form of T. brucei, scientists in the Netherlands discovered that telomere exchange, thought to be rare, was indeed occuring. The scientists marked a VSG gene with a hygromycin resistance gene, allowed the gene to undergo variation, and selected switched Trypanosomes. The drug sensitivity and polymerase chain reactions (PCR), revealed that telomere ...
[150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2016 Global and Chinese Ethyl Cinnamate Industry Market Research Report report by Prof Research. The Global and Chinese Ethyl Cinnamate Industry, 2011-2021 Market...
The dietary hydroxycinnamate caffeic acid and its conjugate chlorogenicacid increase vitamin e and cholesterol concentrations in Sprague-Dawleyrats. ...
De Jersey J., Keough D.T., Stoops J.K. and Zerner B. (1974) A kinetic study of the deacylation of α benzamido trans cinnamoyl chymotrypsin: evidence for the intervention of non enzymic species. European Journal of Biochemistry, 42 1: 237-243. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1974.tb03333.x ...
The NHPD Ingredient Database contains the ingredient information which the Natural Health Products Directorate has developed for ingredients that are generally regarded to be of minimal toxicological concern
3-Phenylpropionic acid, 2-bromo-4-fluorophenyl ester | C15H12BrFO2 | CID 530837 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
Peppermint is an excellent source of manganese, vitamin C and vitamin A (vitamin A involving carotenoids, including beta-carotene).. Contains the substance rosmarinic acid - to reduce asthma symptoms - as well as encourages cells to make substances called prostacyclins for aiding the opening of airways for easy breathing. Reasearch has also noted a contribution for relieving the nasal symptoms of allergic rhinitis (colds related to allergy).. Peppermint (fresh), 2 ...
Shea Butter is still collected, processed and used in much the same way that it was 2,000 years ago. The difference is that now the benefits of Shea Butter are available to North America, Asia and Europe. The other difference, which is huge, is that Shea Butter is allowing many women to take more control of their economic destiny and is providing the resources to allow children to go to school and families to thrive.. The Shea (Karite) Tree is native to tropical Africa. 12 to 20 meters high, its branches are short and thick with a grayish bark. It grows spontaneously throughout drier areas in much of the Sub-Saharan region. It takes about 15 years to produce its first fruit and the Shea Tree only reaches full maturity after 25-50 years. It produces fruit once each year and is very resistant to bush fires. So far, the Shea Tree has not been successfully domesticated, largely due to the long time it takes to produce the first fruit.. Shea Fruit is delicious and enjoyed by everyone when it matures ...
23479-47-2 - JAPQLDFOGYVHMQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Ketone, 1-adamantyl piperidinomethyl, hydrochloride - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Comparison of yeast cell growth upon hygromycin B treatment.Serial dilutions of the strains were grown on YPD plates containing 0 (control), 30 and 50 µg/ml hy
Positions A and B. Exocyclic substituents on AcF-[OPdChaWR]. Three analogs (16-18) simultaneously varied substituents at positions A and B on the cyclic scaffold (Table 1). Complete removal of the acetylated Phe (16), leaving only the cyclic component, diminished receptor affinity to undetectable levels. Attaching a cinnamoyl substitutent (17) to the macrocycle reduced (26-fold) receptor affinity, but hydrocinnamyl (18) did not alter C5aR affinity or antagonist potency. The negligible affinity of the cyclic scaffold [OPdChaWR] reveals how important the exocyclic component is for high affinity with C5aR. Because the substituent at position A is not crucial for binding, the Phe side chain contributes substantially to receptor affinity. Flexibility in the exocyclic appendage is important, the trans double bond of the cinnamoyl group has low affinity for the receptor, whereas the more flexible saturated hydrocinnamoyl appendage has affinity and potency comparable with 1.. Position C. Substitution of ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
1. An oral dose of the coronary vasodilator 4-(3,4,5-trimethoxy[14C]cinnamoyl)-1-(N-pyrrolidinocarbonylmethyl)piperazine was well… Expand ...
Shea butter is an extremely popular additive in skin care products- and with good reason. Pure, unprocessed shea butter contains a wealth of skin-healing ingredients that can benefit a variety of skin conditions. But is acne one of them?
Our Shea Butter Melt & Pour Soap Base is a detergent free soap base that is opaque and white in color. It contains Shea butter, which is thought to benefit dry skin.
100% Natural Shea Butter! Shea Butter will provide improvement in all the conditions listed below. As you use this multi-purpose butter, you are likely to discover additional uses. The amount of time required for optimum results with various conditions may vary with each condition. Wrinkles, for example, require 4 to 6 weeks of daily use. Itching is relieved immediately.
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The NYSE volume today was abysmal. According to BBG data, this was the lowest volume day in over a decade and even compared to other July 1st (or holiday weeks) this was the lowest volume print. Average trade size for the S&P 500 e-mini futures was also very small - almost the lowest of the year as low volumes and the narrowest high-to-low range for ES in over two months still managed to hold on to small gains for the day. In the face of this relative exuberance, Treasury yields dumped down 5 to 6 bps across the board remaining the most cognitively dissonant of risk assets on the day. HYG underperformed (as HY and IG credit indices were very quiet and reracked along with ES for most of the day). HYG did end Friday notably rich to intrinsics so this makes some sense but is unusual for a positive close in ES (as we note that 16 of the 24 times in the last year that HYG has closed red and SPY closed green, SPY has gone on to lose more in the next few days). EURUSD lost quite a bit of ground (again
Shea butter has seen a recent uptick in popularity as more and more people learn about the many different benefits it has on offer.
Whipped Unrefined Yellow Shea Butter. Nothing added. Just blended by machine mixer with a whisk to a creamy soft texture. Smoo
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In our previous report, rosmarinic acid (RA) was revealed to be an antidote active compound in Argusia argentea (family: Boraginaceae). The plant is locally used in Okinawa in Japan as an antidote for poisoning from snake venom, Trimeresurus flavoviridis (habu). This article presents mechanistic evidence of RAs neutralization of the hemorrhagic effects of snake venom. Anti-hemorrhagic activity was assayed by using several kinds of snake venom. Inhibition against fibrinogen hydrolytic and collagen hydrolytic activities of T. flavoviridis venom were examined by SDS-PAGE. A histopathological study was done by microscopy after administration of venom in the presence or absence of RA. RA was found to markedly neutralize venom-induced hemorrhage, fibrinogenolysis, cytotoxicity and digestion of type IV collagen activity. Moreover, RA inhibited both hemorrhage and neutrophil infiltrations caused by T. flavoviridis venom in pathology sections. These results demonstrate that RA inhibited most of the hemorrhage
The metabolic pathway of phenylpropanoids involves a number of enzymes. The shikimate pathway is a seven step metabolic route used by bacteria, fungi, and plants for the biosythesis of aromatic amino acids (phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan). In plants, the biosynthesis of all phenylpropanoids begins with the amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, a.k.a. phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase) is an enzyme responsible for the transformation of L-phenylalanine or tyrosine into trans-cinnamic acid or p-coumaric acid respectively and ammonia. Trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase (cinnamate 4-hydroxylase) is the enzyme responsible for the transformation of trans-cinnamate into 4-hydroxycinnamate (p-coumaric acid). 4-Coumarate-CoA ligase is the enzyme responsible for the transformation of 4-coumarate (p-coumaric acid) into 4-coumaroyl-CoA. Cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD), an enzyme responsible for the transformation of cinnamyl alcohol into cinnamaldehyde ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Tuning the photocatalytic activity of bismuth wolframate: Towards selective oxidations for the biorefinery driven by solar-light. AU - Parrino, Francesco. AU - Palmisano, Leonardo. AU - Delisi, Riccardo. AU - Delisi, Riccardo. AU - Ciriminna, Rosaria. AU - Pagliaro, Mario. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - The sol-gel entrapment of nanostructured Bi2WO6enhances the activity and the selectivity of the short-gap semiconductor in the sunlight-driven photo-oxidation of trans-ferulic and trans-cinnamic acid dissolved in water with air as the primary oxidant. Valuable products such as vanillin, benzaldehyde, benzoic acid and vanillic acid are obtained. This provides the proof of concept that photocatalysis could be a promising technology in tomorrows solar biorefineries.. AB - The sol-gel entrapment of nanostructured Bi2WO6enhances the activity and the selectivity of the short-gap semiconductor in the sunlight-driven photo-oxidation of trans-ferulic and trans-cinnamic acid dissolved in water ...
Infection caused by canine distemper virus (CDV) is a highly contagious disease with high incidence and lethality in the canine population. Antiviral activity of flavonoids quercetin, morin, rutin and hesperidin, and phenolic cinnamic, trans-cinnamic and ferulic acids were evaluated in vitro against the CDV using the time of addition assay to determine which step of the viral replicative cycle was affected. All flavonoids displayed great viral inhibition when they were added at the times 0 (adsorption) and 1 h (penetration) of the viral replicative cycle. Both quercetin and hesperidin presented antiviral activity at the time 2 h (intracellular). In the other hand, cinnamic acid showed antiviral activity at the times 0 and 2 h while trans-cinnamic acid showed antiviral effect at the times À1 h (pre-treatment) and 0 h. Ferulic acid inhibited CDV replicative cycle at the times 0 and 1 h. Our study revealed promising candidates to be consid- ered in the treatment of CDV. Structural differences ...
Citation: Lee, J., Scagel, C.F. 2009. Chicoric acid found in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves. Food Chemistry. 115:650-656. Interpretive Summary: We were the first to identify and report that chicoric acid can be found within basil leaves, a widely used culinary herb. Chicoric acid is the main phenolic compound in Echinacea purpurea extracts sold as dietary supplements in the United States. In basil leaves, we found chicoric acid to be the second most abundant phenolic after rosmarinic acid. Basil is a more commonly available and inexpensive source for chicoric acid than E. purpurea. The impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on basil phenolics was also explored. Technical Abstract: This is the first report to identify the presence of chicoric acid (cichoric acid; also known as dicaffeoyltartaric acid) in basil leaves. Rosmarinic acid, chicoric acid, and caftaric acid (in the order of most abundant to least; all derivatives of caffeic acid) were identified in fresh basil leaves. Rosmarinic ...
Learn more about Perilla frutescens at Reston Hospital Center Rosmarinic Acid, Chinese Basil Uses Principal Proposed Uses Allergic Rhinitis ...
Authors: A.HAKAN AKTAŞ, GÜLSÜM YAŞAR, GÜLEREN ÖZKAN ALSANCAK, ŞAHİNDE DEMİRCİ Abstract: In this study, four hydroxycinnamic acids, namely 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid, 4-hydroxycinnamic acid, 4-hydroxy --3- methoxycinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamic acid, were titrated conductimetrically and potentiometrically using triethylamine and tetrabutylammonium hydroxide in acetonitrile, 2-propanol, and pyridine solvents under a nitrogen atmosphere at 25 ^oC. In conductimetric titration with tetrabutylammonium hydroxide all of the compounds exhibited conventional stoichiometric titration curves in 2-propanol . As is evident from the titration curves, all these compounds gave two well-defined end points. The first end point corresponds to exactly one equivalent and the second one to the two equivalents of the base. In conductimetric titration with tetrabutylammonium hydroxide, all of the acids (except caffeic acid) show two end points in pyridine solvent. These compounds were ...
Enzyme-catalyzed synthesis has been widely studied with lipases (EC 3.1.1.3), but feruloyl esterases (FAEs; EC 3.1.1.73) may provide advantages such as higher substrate affinity and regioselectivity in the synthesis of hydroxycinnamate saccharide esters. These compounds are interesting because of their amphiphilicity and antioxidative potential. Synthetic reactions using mono- or disaccharides as one of the substrates may moreover direct new routes for biomass upgrading in the biorefinery. The paper reviews the available data for enzymatic hydroxycinnamate saccharide ester synthesis in organic solvent systems as well as other enzymatic hydroxycinnamate acylations in ionic liquid systems. The choice of solvent system is highly decisive for enzyme stability, selectivity, and reaction yields in these synthesis reactions. To increase the understanding of the reaction environment and to facilitate solvent screening as a crucial part of the reaction design, the review explores the use of activity ...
... - Plant information. Healthy Home Gardening, Pictures, Video and Information about Perilla (Shiso).
Polyvinyl Cinnamate Product Name: Polyvinyl Cinnamate CAS NO.: 9050-06-0 Package Specification: 25KG / ba - Manufacturer - Producer - PSL201350YH
CHCA MALDI Matrix 25 mg $22.00 - α-Cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) is a commonly used MALDI-MS reagent. CHCA is a good first choice for MALDI- MS with proteins and peptides less than 10 kDa. -
It has a cooling effect and is used as a cardiotonic, antipyretic, anthelmintic and laxative. It is also used to alleviate stomachache, and is believe
Comfrey contains allantoin, which helps repair damaged tissue. The herb has a significant anti-inflammatory action due to the rosmarinic acid.
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Shea butter has about a two year life span - thank the tocopherols and saturated fatty acids for that! - and can be used at up to 100% in your creations. It is a greasy feeling butter, so if youre not a fan of the very oily feel, you might want to consider using it at lower levels. If you love an oily feeling butter, then shea butter is a great choice! Shea butter can be used in most - if not all - bath & body applications from lotions to hair care to bath bombs to anything you want, with the possible exception of surfactant based things like bubble bath or body wash as it will reduce the foam. (Or you can use fractionated shea oil...more about this soon ...
Shea butter has about a two year life span - thank the tocopherols and saturated fatty acids for that! - and can be used at up to 100% in your creations. It is a greasy feeling butter, so if youre not a fan of the very oily feel, you might want to consider using it at lower levels. If you love an oily feeling butter, then shea butter is a great choice! Shea butter can be used in most - if not all - bath & body applications from lotions to hair care to bath bombs to anything you want, with the possible exception of surfactant based things like bubble bath or body wash as it will reduce the foam. (Or you can use fractionated shea oil...more about this soon ...
The inositol portion was synthesised using the key TA step which had an superb yield of 74% on using (only) 1 mol% catalyst loading, giving the desired diastereomer exclusively. This step has been improved upon the previously reported result (61% yield at 4 mol% catalyst loading). The attacment of the inositol portion to the B+C part was achieved using standard coupling reagents and on deprotection yielded Hygromycin A in 17 linear steps and 10% overall yield a great improvement over the previous synthesis ...
Perilla Perilla frutescens, is nutrient dense herb support for Cholesterol, Cancer, Heart Disease, Allergy, Oral Health, Asthma, Allergies, Bronchitis, Cavities and stomach discomfort
Use The Body Shop Shea body butter to treat your skin to 24 hour moisturization; a rich, intensive cream featuring the clean scent of shea. Community Fair Trade shea butter has vitamins A and E to help protect and nourish your skin. Best for dry skin.
Use The Body Shop Shea body butter to treat your skin to 24 hour moisturization; a rich, intensive cream featuring the clean scent of shea. Community Fair Trade shea butter has vitamins A and E to help protect and nourish your skin. Best for dry skin.
Ive read that triazole contains CAPE which is a potential natural SERM, and Prunella Vulgaris which can interfere with estrogen action. My question
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ABSTRACT: Styrene is a harmful component with a low carcinogenic potential. Depending on type, the content of styrene in commercial wheat beers ranges between 0 and 24 ppb. The formation of styrene, derived from cinnamic acid (CA), occurs as analog with the decarboxylation of ferulic- and p-cumaric acid to 4 vinylguaiacol (4VG) and 4 vinylphenol These reactions can proceed both as an enzymatic and as a thermal decarboxylation. The enzymatic decomposition of CA to styrene is encoded by the same phenyl acrylic acid decarboxylase (PAD1) and ferulic acid decarboxylase (FDC1) gene, as the decomposition of phenol carboxylic acids to the corresponding phenols. Only phenolic off-flavor positive (POF+) yeast strains, e.g., top-fermenting Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which are used for wheat beer production, possess these enzymes. Styrene is quantified with a headspace GC-FID. The hydroxycinnamic acids and 4VG are determined with HPLC-DAD. The fermentation temperature was set at 16 and 25°C. The influence ...
The leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis harvested from three different locations of Turkey were extracted by both methanolic and supercritical CO(2) extraction. Subsequently, six extracts and the active compounds, carnosic acid, and rosmarinic acid were applied to various human cancer cell lines including NCI-H82 (human, small cell lung, carcinoma), DU-145 (human, prostate, carcinoma), Hep-3B (human, black, liver, carcinoma, hepatocellular), K-562 (human chronic myeloid leukemia), MCF-7 (human, breast, adenocarcinoma), PC-3 (human, prostate, adenocarcinoma) and MDA-MB-231 (human, breast, adenocarcinoma) by MTT assay. Supercritical CO(2) extracts had superior antiproliferative effect compared to the soxhlet extracts. Although the extracts exhibited various cytotoxic effects against different cell lines, comparatively low IC(50) values ranging between 12.50 and 47.55 microg/ml were attained against K-562, being the most sensitive cell line. Moreover, carnosic acid caused the lowest cell viability ...
Introduction: The Picrorhiza kurroa rhizome has a long history of use in Indian Ayurvedic and Chinese system of medicine for the treatment of a wide spectrum of diseases. Today it is viewed as an important therapeutic target in both Western and Eastern medicinal systems. This work was aimed to study the clastogenic effect of Picrorhiza kurroa rhizome extract on cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes.Methods: Hydroalcoholic extract of rhizome was prepared and mammalian chromosomal aberration test was conducted using cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes. The study was performed in two independent phases where the human peripheral blood lymphocytes were exposed to various of the extract in absence and presence of metabolic activation system for a continuous and short duration.Results: Picrorhiza kurroa rhizome extract did not induce chromosome aberration up to 2500 μg/mL in final culture concentration in the presence (1 v/v) and absence of metabolic activation.Conclusion: Picrorhiza ...
Peppermint Leaf Extract: The leaves are harvested, milled, ground, and then a concentrated liquid is extracted from the leaves by percolation. Major constituents of the peppermint leaves are rosmarinic acid and several flavonoids, primarily eriocitrin, luteolin and hesperidin.2. Peppermint Leaf Powder: Its green leaves are gathered during the plants flowering period.The leaves are dried, sifted, and prepared into a fine powder. Major constituents of the peppermint leaves are rosmarinic acid and several flavonoids, primarily eriocitrin, luteolin and hesperidin.2. Peppermint Oil: Peppermint oil is steam distilled from the leaves and stems of the peppermint plant. Menthol is a major volatile components of the essential oil, and its minty aroma and taste make it a popular, natural flavor.2. ...
Phenylalanine amonia-lyase (PAL) is one of the most important enzymes that plays a key role in regulationof phenylpropanoid production in plants. It catalyzes the first step of the phenylpropanoid pathway in whichL-phenylalanine is deaminated to trans-cinnamic acid. This step is significant for metabolic engineering andhyper-expression of the major phenylpropanoid, methyl chavicol. We followed gene expression andactivity of PAL in Ocimum basilicum L. at different stages of growth including seedling, beginning andmiddle of growth phase, budding stage and flowering, and their correlation with final concentration of phenylpropanoid compounds. The level of gene expression was monitored by semi quantitative RT-PCR andphenylpropanoid compounds were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). PALactivity was assayed using spectrophotometer. The results indicated that the level of gene expression andactivity of PAL enzyme are altered during the plant development, where the highest expression and
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Clifford M (1999). "Chlorogenic acids and other cinnamates - nature, occurrence and dietary burden". J. Sci. Food Agric. 79 (3 ...
Cinnamates have been shown to have more antioxidant activity when exposed in vitro to the Fenton reaction (catalytic Fe(II) ... "Novel Antioxidant Reactions of Cinnamates in Wine". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59 (11): 6221-6. doi:10.1021/ ...
Ethyl cinnamate cinnamon Ethyl formate lemon, rum, strawberry Ethyl heptanoate apricot, cherry, grape, raspberry ...
Synthesis of cinnamates by reacting aromatic aldehydes with esters. The reaction is known as the Claisen reaction and was ...
Ethyl cinnamate is a common example. Reduction of the carboxylic acid functional groups in the cinnamic acids provides the ... Hydroxylation of cinnamic acid in the 4-position by trans-cinnamate 4-monooxygenase leads to p-coumaric acid, which can be ...
"Enantioselective Catalytic Epoxidation of Cinnamate Esters". Tetrahedron. 50 (15): 4323-4334. doi:10.1016/S0040-4020(01)89369-8 ...
... and B, two phenolic cinnamates from Psoralea plicata. Nazli Rasool, Abdul Qasim Khan and Abdul Malik, Phytochemistry ...
The analysis and characterization of chlorogenic acids and other cinnamates". In Santos-Buelga, C.; Williamson, G. Methods in ... Clifford, M. N. (1999). "Chlorogenic acids and other cinnamates - nature, occurrence and dietary burden". Journal of the ...
For methyl cinnamate, the two substituents (Ph v.s. COOMe) compete at withdrawing electrons from the alkene. The carboxyl is ... For example, consider the cycloaddition of diazomethane to three dipolarophiles: methyl acrylate, styrene or methyl cinnamate. ...
Another population is rich in methyl cinnamate with two chemotypes. Melaleuca viridiflora is a useful and adaptable small tree ...
Lanthanide-mediated epoxidation has been successfully applied to cinnamates and β-heteroaryl unsaturated esters. Amides are ...
It is a derivative of hydroxycodeinone, being the 14-cinnamate ester. In another paper, Buckett assigns the potency as 177 with ...
It contains methyl cinnamate, giving it a flavor reminiscent of cinnamon. Cinnamon basil has somewhat narrow, slightly serrated ...
Brettanomyces converts this to 4-vinylphenol via the enzyme cinnamate decarboxylase. 4-Vinylphenol is further reduced to 4- ...
The leaf oil has very high levels of methyl cinnamate (98%). The oil yield is high at 2-6% fresh leaf weight. Methyl cinnamate ... E. olida juvenile foliage Methyl cinnamate extracted from Eucalyptus olida Leaves of Eucalyptus olida in small steam ...
The same study of methyl cinnamate did not show this effect. It has also been shown that this oil can reduce the chance of ... The taste of Ecuadorian cinnamon is thought to come from the presence of methyl cinnamate and trans-cinnamaldehyde which are ...
The 4-coumaric acid is again hydroxylated by cinnamate/coumarate 2-hydroxylase to yield 2,4-dihydroxy-cinnamic acid (umbellic ... Phenylalanine is lysated into cinnamic acid, followed by hydroxylation by cinnamate 4-hydroxylase to yield 4-coumaric acid. ...
The yeast converts this to 4-vinylphenol via the enzyme cinnamate decarboxylase. 4-Vinylphenol is further reduced to 4- ...
The yeast converts this to 4-vinylphenol via the enzyme cinnamate decarboxylase. 4-Hydroxycinnamate decarboxylase can also be ...
The second mechanism involves two cinnamate units coupled together by malonyl-CoA. Both use cinnamic acid as their starting ...
... and caffeic acid are in a class of chemicals known as cinnamates (hydroxycinnamic acids). Caftaric acid is formed ...
revealed the major chemical component of this species fragrance is trans-methyl cinnamate. Closely related species are ...
Among other substances, males of this species are attracted by methyl cinnamate baits. The Ancient Greek Αγλαιη means "beauty ...
Related flavouring compounds are tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate, tetrahydrofurfuryl cinnamate, tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, and ...
Mizutani, M.; Ohta, D.; Sato, R. (1997). "Isolation of a cDNA and a genomic clone encoding cinnamate 4-hydroxylase from ... A deamination reaction then produces trans-cinnamate, which undergoes hydroxylation to form 4-coumarate. Acetyl-CoA is then ...
Other names: ((1R,4aS,10aR)-7-Isopropyl-1,4a-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthren-1-yl)methyl cinnamate; 1- ... Phenanthrenemethanol, 1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydro-1,4a-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethyl)-, cinnamate, (1R,4aS,10aR)- ...
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Benzyl cinnamate can be prepared by heating benzyl chloride and excess sodium cinnamate in water to 100-115 °C or by heating ... Benzyl cinnamate is the chemical compound which is the ester derived from cinnamic acid and benzyl alcohol. Benzyl cinnamate ... "Benzyl cinnamate". Sigma-Aldrich. George A. Burdock (2010), "BENZYL CINNAMATE", Fenarolis Handbook of Flavor Ingredients (6th ... Benzyl cinnamate is used in heavy oriental perfumes and as a fixative. It is used as a flavoring agent. "Specifications for ...
Food Chemicals Codex Eucalyptus oil Methyl cinnamate, at goodscents.com Methyl cinnamate, at Sigma-Aldrich Viña, Amparo; ... Methyl cinnamate is the methyl ester of cinnamic acid and is a white or transparent solid with a strong, aromatic odor. It is ... Methyl cinnamate is used in the flavor and perfume industries. The flavor is fruity and strawberry-like; and the odor is sweet ... Eucalyptus olida has the highest known concentrations of methyl cinnamate (98%) with a 2-6% fresh weight yield in the leaf and ...
Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
Although octyl methoxy cinnamates (OMC) is the most used Ultraviolet B (UVB) filter in sunscreen, it has poor light stability ... Although octyl methoxy cinnamates (OMC) is the most used Ultraviolet B (UVB) filter in sunscreen, it has poor light stability ... Wu P-S, Lee Y-C, Kuo Y-C, Lin C-C. Development of Octyl Methoxy Cinnamates (OMC)/Silicon Dioxide (SiO2) Nanoparticles by Sol- ... Development of Octyl Methoxy Cinnamates (OMC)/Silicon Dioxide (SiO2) Nanoparticles by Sol-Gel Emulsion Method. Pey-Shiuan Wu. ...
phenethyl cinnamate *Polyvinyl Cinnamate *Cinnamyl cinnamate *Benzyl cinnamate *Methyl cinnamate *P-Hydroxyl ethyl cinnamate * ... Methyl-hydroxy cinnamate *4-chloro ethyl cinnamate *Chloro Methyl cinnamate *Methyl p-methoxy cinnamate ... Sodium cinnamate *isobutyl cinnamate *isobutyl cinnamate *Isopropyl cinnamate * ... methyl cinnamate CAS Registry Number 103-26-4 EINECS 203-093-8 Density 1.092 Melting point 33.5-36℃ Boiling point ... Methyl-p- ...
Market Research Report 2018 aims at providing comprehensive data on cinnamyl cinnamate market globally and regionally ... Cinnamyl cinnamate prices in other regions. 7. CINNAMYL CINNAMATE END-USE SECTOR 7.1. Cinnamyl cinnamate market by application ... 6. CINNAMYL CINNAMATE MARKET PRICES. 6.1. Cinnamyl cinnamate prices in Europe. 6.2. Cinnamyl cinnamate prices in Asia 6.3. ... 2. CINNAMYL CINNAMATE APPLICATIONS. 2.1. Cinnamyl cinnamate application spheres, downstream products. 3. CINNAMYL CINNAMATE ...
The Global and Chinese Ethyl Cinnamate Industry, 2011-2021 Market... ... 150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2016 Global and Chinese Ethyl Cinnamate Industry Market Research Report report by Prof ... 9.1 Ethyl Cinnamate Industry News 9.2 Ethyl Cinnamate Industry Development Challenges 9.3 Ethyl Cinnamate Industry Development ... 1.1 Brief Introduction of Ethyl Cinnamate 1.2 Development of Ethyl Cinnamate Industry 1.3 Status of Ethyl Cinnamate Industry ...
In addition, associations between PAL and C4H might help to reduce the size of the cellular cinnamate pool and thereby reduce ... Shimizu, T., and Kojima, M. (1984). Partial purification and characterization of UDPG:t-cinnamate glucosyltransferase in the ... Colocalization of l-Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase and Cinnamate 4-Hydroxylase for Metabolic Channeling in Phenylpropanoid ... These include 2-hydroxylation of cinnamic acid by chloroplastic cinnamate 2-hydroxylase (Gestetner and Conn, 1974), ...
Functional expression of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase from Ammi majus L.. *Sílvia de Oliveira Hübner, Marc Hehmann, Stephan ... Cinnamate uptake by rat small intestine: transport kinetics and transepithelial transfer.. *Peter Ader, Beat Grenacher, Peter ... Cinnamate is a widespread secondary metabolite of phenolic compound synthesized by plants for defensive purposes. The current… ... Two cinnamate derivatives produce similar alteration in mRNA expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes in rats. ...
"Characterization and expression profiling of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza in rosmarinic acid ... A novel cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H) gene (designated as SmC4H) involved in the rosmarinic acid biosynthesis pathway is cloned ... Regulation of the Cinnamate 4-Hydroxylase (CYP73A1) in Jerusalem Artichoke Tubers in Response to Wounding and Chemical ... Characterization and expression profiling of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase gene from Salvia... Huang, B.; Duan, Y.; Yi, B.; Sun, L.; ...
3-Phenylallyl cinnamate, 3-Phenyl-2-propen-1-yl 3-phenyl propenoate, molecular formula: C18H16O2. ... 3-Phenylallyl cinnamate; 3-Phenyl-2-propen-1-yl 3-phenyl propenoate. ...
Lobitz, G. O., Heilmann, Jörg, Zschocke, S., Tamayo-Castillo, G., Bauer, R. und Merfort, I. (1998) Bornyl cinnamate derivatives ... Anti-inflammatory agents Verbesina turbacensis (bornyl cinnamate derivs. with antiinflammatory activity from Verbesina ... bornyl cis-4-hydroxy-cinnamate were isolated. The structures were established from spectral (UV, MS, 1H and 13C NMR) and ... bornyl cis-4-hydroxy-cinnamate were isolated. The structures were established from spectral (UV, MS, 1H and 13C NMR) and ...
Hexyl cinnamate/ACM3488004 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and ... 3-phenyl-prop-2-enoicacidhexylester;trans-cinnamicacidhexylester;HEXYL CINNAMATE;2-Propenoic acid, 3-phenyl-, hexyl ester;3- ...
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We offer qualified products for 3487-99-8(amyl cinnamate),please inquire us for 3487-99-8(amyl cinnamate). ...
Ethyl cinnamate. Description. Occurs in storaxand is also present in many fruits, e.g. cherry, American cranberry, pineapple, ... Ethyl cinnamate is found in many foods, some of which are corn, tarragon, tamarind, and ceylon cinnamon. ...
Toxicology information: Fully up-to-date toxicology information has been sought.. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Number for the substance or a numerical code assigned by CFSAN to those substances that do not have a CAS Registry Number (888nnnnnn or 977nnnnnn-series): 000103-41-3. Regulation numbers in Title 21 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations where the chemical appears: ...
Richest was founded in 2012, located in Shanghai. It is a large global chemical manufacturer which is specialized in research production and trade of OLED intermediates, pharmaceutical intermediates, food additives and rubber material intermediates. Our company has independent import and export right .Our products have been exported to all over the world. ...
Factory Supply Methyl Cinnamate with Competitive Price (103-26-4) FOB Price: $1 - $1 / Min. Order: 1 kg ... 99% High Purity Synthetic Essential Spices Methyl Cinnamate FOB Price: $0.8 - $2 / kgs Min. Order: 1 kgs ... Cinnamic Acid, Cinnamic Alcohol, Cinnamonitrile, Methyl Cinnamate FOB Price: US $20 / Piece Min. Order: 1 Piece ...
Potassium cinnamate is natural cinnamic acid potassium salt, is also a new product in the field of food preservatives, non- ... Potassium Cinnamate - Natural Food Preservative You are here: Home » News » Industry News » Potassium Cinnamate - Natural Food ... Potassium cinnamate is natural cinnamic acid potassium salt, is also a new product in the field of food preservatives, non- ... Potassium Cinnamate - Natural Food Preservative. Views:72 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-06-03 Origin:Site ...
... cinnamate - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. ... Substance Name: Methyl 4-(dimethylamino)cinnamate. RN: 7560-48-7. InChIKey: ZKGVSZCAHWJHDJ-RMKNXTFCSA-N. ...
Cinnamates. Chemical. UVB (290-320nm). UVA II (320-340nm). UVA I (340-400nm). ...
Cinnamates. 2.5.8.. Miscellaneous Compounds. 2.6.. Phenols and Phenol Derivatives. 2.6.1.. Phenols, Phenyl Esters, and Phenyl ...
  • Benzyl cinnamate occurs in Balsam of Peru and Tolu balsam, in Sumatra and Penang benzoin, and as the main constituent of copaiba balsam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potassium cinnamate can be completely combined with food, will not become a food of allogeneic substances, without changing the original flavor and nutritional structure of food, from the food and the integration of the surrounding environment to achieve anti-corrosion purposes. (landmarkind.com)
  • Chen, W. 2008-05-15 00:00:00 A novel cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H) gene (designated as SmC4H) involved in the rosmarinic acid biosynthesis pathway is cloned from Salvia miltiorrhiza. (deepdyve.com)
  • Cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H) catalyzes the conversion of cinnamate into 4-hydroxy-cinnamate, a key reaction of the phenylpropanoid pathway which leads to the biosynthesis of several secondary metabolites. (oup.com)
  • Hence, the goal of this study was to identify the genetic association among SNPs from Cinnamate 4-Hydroxylase (C4H) and Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase (CAD) genes and an array of wood properties namely, specific gravity, wood density, fiber-length, cell wall thickness and microfibril angle from Acacia mangium Superbulk trees. (unimas.my)
  • The ability of Populus C4H isoforms to convert trans -cinnamate into p -coumaric acid was verified by the examination of yeast. (oup.com)
  • 2017. "Development of Octyl Methoxy Cinnamates (OMC)/Silicon Dioxide (SiO 2 ) Nanoparticles by Sol-Gel Emulsion Method. (mdpi.com)
  • The report provides key statistics on the market status of the Ethyl Cinnamate manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Overall, the report provides an in-depth insight of 2011-2021 global and Chinese Ethyl Cinnamate industry covering all important parameters. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Through the statistical analysis, the report depicts the global and Chinese total market of Ethyl Cinnamate industry including capacity, production, production value, cost/profit, supply/demand and Chinese import/export. (reportsnreports.com)
  • In the end, the report makes some important proposals for a new project of Ethyl Cinnamate Industry before evaluating its feasibility. (reportsnreports.com)
  • 5.2 Market Competition of Ethyl Cinnamate Industry by Country (USA, EU, Japan, Chinese etc. (reportsnreports.com)