A histamine congener, it competitively inhibits HISTAMINE binding to HISTAMINE H2 RECEPTORS. Cimetidine has a range of pharmacological actions. It inhibits GASTRIC ACID secretion, as well as PEPSIN and GASTRIN output.
Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H2 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine. Their clinically most important action is the inhibition of acid secretion in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers. Smooth muscle may also be affected. Some drugs in this class have strong effects in the central nervous system, but these actions are not well understood.
A family of iminourea derivatives. The parent compound has been isolated from mushrooms, corn germ, rice hulls, mussels, earthworms, and turnip juice. Derivatives may have antiviral and antifungal properties.
A non-imidazole blocker of those histamine receptors that mediate gastric secretion (H2 receptors). It is used to treat gastrointestinal ulcers.
A competitive histamine H2-receptor antagonist. Its main pharmacodynamic effect is the inhibition of gastric secretion.
A PEPTIC ULCER located in the DUODENUM.
A class of histamine receptors discriminated by their pharmacology and mode of action. Histamine H2 receptors act via G-proteins to stimulate ADENYLYL CYCLASES. Among the many responses mediated by these receptors are gastric acid secretion, smooth muscle relaxation, inotropic and chronotropic effects on heart muscle, and inhibition of lymphocyte function. (From Biochem Soc Trans 1992 Feb;20(1):122-5)
A histamine H2 receptor agonist that is often used to study the activity of histamine and its receptors.
An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
Cell-surface proteins that bind histamine and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Histamine receptors are widespread in the central nervous system and in peripheral tissues. Three types have been recognized and designated H1, H2, and H3. They differ in pharmacology, distribution, and mode of action.
A histamine H1 antagonist. It has mild hypnotic properties and some local anesthetic action and is used for allergies (including skin eruptions) both parenterally and locally. It is a common ingredient of cold remedies.
Various agents with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate PEPTIC ULCER or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. This has included ANTIBIOTICS to treat HELICOBACTER INFECTIONS; HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS to reduce GASTRIC ACID secretion; and ANTACIDS for symptomatic relief.
An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral brucite. It acts as an antacid with cathartic effects.
Ulceration of the GASTRIC MUCOSA due to contact with GASTRIC JUICE. It is often associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI infection or consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H1 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous histamine. Included here are the classical antihistaminics that antagonize or prevent the action of histamine mainly in immediate hypersensitivity. They act in the bronchi, capillaries, and some other smooth muscles, and are used to prevent or allay motion sickness, seasonal rhinitis, and allergic dermatitis and to induce somnolence. The effects of blocking central nervous system H1 receptors are not as well understood.
A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate histamine receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine or histamine agonists. Classical antihistaminics block the histamine H1 receptors only.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Substances that counteract or neutralize acidity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A class of histamine receptors discriminated by their pharmacology and mode of action. Most histamine H1 receptors operate through the inositol phosphate/diacylglycerol second messenger system. Among the many responses mediated by these receptors are smooth muscle contraction, increased vascular permeability, hormone release, and cerebral glyconeogenesis. (From Biochem Soc Trans 1992 Feb;20(1):122-5)
A family of proteins involved in the transport of organic cations. They play an important role in the elimination of a variety of endogenous substances, xenobiotics, and their metabolites from the body.
Drugs that bind to and activate histamine receptors. Although they have been suggested for a variety of clinical applications histamine agonists have so far been more widely used in research than therapeutically.
A highly potent and specific histamine H2 receptor agonist. It has been used diagnostically as a gastric secretion indicator.
A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.
Gastric analysis for determination of free acid or total acid.
The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)
A histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic reactions, hay fever, rhinitis, urticaria, and asthma. It has also been used in veterinary applications. One of the most widely used of the classical antihistaminics, it generally causes less drowsiness and sedation than PROMETHAZINE.
A histamine H2 receptor antagonist that is used as an anti-ulcer agent.
A synthetic pentapeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid.
Compounds with a 5-membered ring of four carbons and an oxygen. They are aromatic heterocycles. The reduced form is tetrahydrofuran.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juice into the esophagus.
Benign epidermal proliferations or tumors; some are viral in origin.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
Materials incorporated mechanically in plastics (usually PVC) to increase flexibility, workability or distensibility; due to the non-chemical inclusion, plasticizers leach out from the plastic and are found in body fluids and the general environment.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
A COUP transcription factor that was originally identified as a homodimer that binds to a direct repeat regulatory element in the chicken albumin promoter. It is a transcription factor that plays an important role in EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The part of the face above the eyes.
A syndrome characterized by slowly progressive unilateral atrophy of facial subcutaneous fat, muscle tissue, skin, cartilage, and bone. The condition typically progresses over a period of 2-10 years and then stabilizes.
A sub-family of steroid receptor-related orphan nuclear receptors that have specificity for a variety of DNA sequences related to AGGTCA. COUP transcription factors can heterodimerize with a variety of factors including RETINOIC ACID RECEPTORS; THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS; and VITAMIN D RECEPTORS.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.

Effects of nicorandil on experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats: a possible role of K(ATP) channels. (1/872)

The anti-ulcer effects of nicorandil [N-(2-hydroxyethyl)nicotinamide nitrate ester] were examined on water-immersion plus restraint stress-induced and aspirin-induced gastric ulcers in rats, compared with those of cimetidine. Nicorandil (3 and 10 mg/kg) given orally to rats dose-dependently inhibited the development of acid-related damage (water-immersion- and aspirin-induced gastric lesions) in the models. Cimetidine (50 mg/kg, p.o.) also had anti-ulcer effects in the same models. However, in the presence of glibenclamide (20 mg/kg, i.v.), an antagonist of K(ATP) channels, nicorandil did not inhibit the formation of gastric lesions. Nicorandil (10 mg/kg) given intraduodenally (i.d.), like cimetidine (50 mg/kg), significantly reduced the volume of the gastric content, total acidity and total acid output in the pylorus ligation model. Glibenclamide reversed the changes caused by i.d. nicorandil. I.v. infusion of nicorandil (20 microg/kg per min) significantly increased gastric mucosal blood flow, without affecting blood pressure and heart rate, but the increase in the blood flow was not observed after i.v. treatment with glibenclamide (20 mg/kg). These results indicate that nicorandil administered orally to rats produces the anti-ulcer effect by reducing the aggressive factors and by enhancing the defensive process in the mucosa through its K(ATP)-channel-opening property.  (+info)

Cimetidine transport in brush-border membrane vesicles from rat small intestine. (2/872)

In previous studies, sulfoxide metabolite was observed in animal and human intestinal perfusions of cimetidine and other H2-antagonists. A sequence of follow-up studies is ongoing to assess the intestinal contributions of drug metabolism and drug and metabolite transport to variable drug absorption. An evaluation of these contributions to absorption variability is carried out in isolated fractions of the absorptive cells to uncouple the processes involved. In this report, data is presented on the drug entry step from a study on [3H]cimetidine uptake into isolated brush-border membrane vesicles from rat small intestine. A saturable component for cimetidine uptake was characterized with a Vmax and Km (mean +/- S.E.M.) of 6.1 +/- 1.5 nmol/30s/mg protein and 8.4 +/- 2.0 mM, respectively. Initial binding, and possibly intravesicular uptake, was inhibited by other cationic compounds including ranitidine, procainamide, imipramine, erythromycin, and cysteamine but not by TEA or by the organic anion, probenecid. Initial uptake was not inhibited by amino acids methionine, cysteine, or histidine, by the metabolite cimetidine sulfoxide, or by inhibitors of cimetidine sulfoxidation, methimazole, and diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. Equilibrium uptake was inhibited by ranitidine, procainamide, and cysteamine but not by erythromycin or imipramine. Initial cimetidine uptake was stimulated by an outwardly directed H+ gradient, and efflux was enhanced by an inwardly directed H+ gradient. Collapse of the H+ gradient as well as voltage-clamping potential difference to zero significantly reduced initial cimetidine uptake. The data is supportive of both a cimetidine/H+ exchange mechanism and a driving-force contribution from an inside negative proton or cation diffusion potential.  (+info)

Glomerular filtration rate estimation from plasma creatinine after inhibition of tubular secretion: relevance of the creatinine assay. (3/872)

BACKGROUND: Estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from plasma creatinine concentration after inhibition of tubular creatinine secretion with cimetidine provides a good assessment in patients with various nephropathies and with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The aim of this study was to compare cimetidine-aided GFR estimations using various creatinine assays. METHODS: In 30 outpatients with NIDDM GFR was measured as the urinary clearance of continuously infused [125I]iothalamate. Plasma creatinine concentration was analysed after oral cimetidine with an alkaline picrate (AP) method, with an enzymatic (PAP) assay and with HPLC. GFR estimations were calculated with the Cockcroft Gault formula (CG). RESULTS: AP creatinine concentrations were significantly higher than PAP or HPLC values. GFR estimations by AP (CG(AP) 66 +/- 19 ml/min/1.73 m2, mean SD) were significantly lower than GFR (89 +/- 30), whereas CG(PAP) (85 +/- 30) and CG(HPLC) (84 +/- 34 ml/min/1.73 m2) were not. Bland and Altman analysis showed a difference between CG(AP) and GFR of -22.4 +/- 17.7 ml/min/1.73 m2; this difference becomes larger when the GFR increases. The difference between CG and GFR was only -3.8 +/- 14.8 ml/min/1.73 m2 for PAP and -4.4 +/- 17.5 ml/min/1.73 m2 for HPLC, without any systematic difference. CONCLUSION: A good assessment of the GFR from plasma creatinine after cimetidine administration is possible when creatinine is measured with an enzymatic assay or with the less convenient HPLC method. The more widespread and cheaper alkaline picrate assay is not suitable for GFR-estimation.  (+info)

Drug interactions of H2-receptor antagonists involving cytochrome P450 (CYPs) enzymes: from the laboratory to the clinic. (4/872)

This paper reviews the main steps in the research of the interactions of H2-receptor antagonist drugs with cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Cimetidine, ranitidine, and related compounds are used as examples. The results from in vitro studies are related to the observed clinically significant in vivo drug-drug and drug-chemical interactions. Uses of the in vitro results are discussed for the interpretation and possible prediction of drug-drug interactions, which may be important in developing new drugs. Other approach in the use of the in vitro data is to prevent undesirable and toxic actions of drugs related to the catalytic activity of CYP enzymes. In the case of H2-receptor antagonists, the inhibition of the metabolic reactions due to the binding of the drugs with the enzymes was used to avoid side effects of co-administered drugs. The in vitro metabolic studies using recombinant human as well as animal CYP enzymes are now widely used as model syste ms for designing new drugs with improved therapeutic properties.  (+info)

Histamine response and local cooling in the human skin: involvement of H1- and H2-receptors. (5/872)

AIMS: Histamine may contribute locally to cutaneous blood flow control under normal and pathologic conditions. The objective of this study was to observe the influence of skin temperature on histamine vasodilation, and the roles of H1-and H2-receptors using novel noninvasive methods. METHODS: Eleven healthy subjects received, double-blind, single doses of the H1-receptor antagonist cetirizine (10 mg), cetirizine (10 mg) plus the H2-receptor antagonist cimetidine (400 mg), or placebo on separate occasions. Histamine was dosed cumulatively by iontophoresis to the forearm skin at 34 degrees C and 14 degrees C. Laser-Doppler flux (LDF) was measured at the same sites using customised probeholder/iontophoretic chambers with Peltier cooling elements. Finger mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured and cutaneous vascular conductance calculated as LDF/MAP. RESULTS: Histamine vasodilation was reduced in cold skin. Cetirizine shifted the histamine dose-response at both temperatures: statistically significantly at 14 degrees C only. Combined H1- and H2-receptor antagonism shifted the response significantly at both temperatures. CONCLUSIONS: H1- and H2-receptors mediate histamine-induced skin vasodilation. The sensitivity of these receptors, particularly the H1- receptor, is attenuated at low skin temperature. Whether the reduced effect in cold skin represents specific receptor or postreceptor desensitization, or nonspecific attenuation of cutaneous vasodilation remains to be elucidated.  (+info)

Antiulcer effect of lafutidine on indomethacin-induced gastric antral ulcers in refed rats. (6/872)

Lafutidine is a new type antiulcer agent with antisecretory and gastroprotective activities. We investigated the effect of lafutidine on indomethacin-induced antral ulcer in refed rats. Subcutaneous indomethacin injection resulted in the formation of gastric antral ulcer. Lafutidine (1-10 mg/kg, p.o.) reduced the area of ulcer in a dose-dependent manner when administered immediately after the indomethacin injection. Capsaicin at 3 mg/kg, p.o. and 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 at 3 microg/kg, p.o. also reduced the ulcer area. Chemical deafferentation of capsaicin-sensitive neurons or N(G)-nitro-L-arginine treatment aggravated the ulcer formation and abolished the preventive effect of lafutidine and capsaicin. After the induction of gastric ulcer, lafutidine given twice daily for 2.5 days reduced the area of ulcer in a dose-dependent manner with a significant effect at 10 mg/kg, p.o., as compared with that of the control group. In chemically-deafferentated rats, lafutidine did not show any healing effect. Cimetidine (30 mg/kg, p.o.) and famotidine (1 mg/kg, p.o.) had no significant effect on indomethacin-induced antral ulcer. These results may suggest that lafutidine, unlike cimetidine and famotidine, can prevent the indomethacin-induced antral ulcer formation and accelerate the healing of the ulcer in refed rats through mechanisms involving the capsaicin-sensitive afferent neurons and nitric oxide.  (+info)

Use of cimetidine, omeprazole, and ranitidine in pregnant women and pregnancy outcomes. (7/872)

Evidence documenting the safety of acid-suppressing drugs in pregnancy is very limited. The authors assessed the prevalence of congenital malformations in first trimester-exposed pregnancies to cimetidine, omeprazole, and ranitidine and compared it with nonexposed pregnancies between 1991 and 1996. Two different sources were used, the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database and the Italian Friuli-Venezia Giulia Health Database. The final study cohort included 1,179 pregnancies from the United Kingdom and 1,057 from Italy. Abortions or ectopic pregnancies were not included. There were 20 stillbirths and 2,261 live-born babies in both cohorts combined, with 100 offspring identified with a malformation. The overall malformation rate was 4.4%. The relative risks for nongenetic congenital malformations associated with the use of cimetidine, omeprazole, and ranitidine were 1.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.6, 2.3), 0.9 (95% CI: 0.3, 2.2), and 1.4 (95% CI: 0.8, 2.4), respectively, compared with the nonexposed. No specific grouping in the distribution of malformations was observed in any of the three exposed groups. Moreover, no relation was found between drug exposure and preterm delivery or growth retardation. These findings suggest that the use of acid-suppressing drugs during the first trimester of pregnancy is not associated with a major teratogenic risk.  (+info)

Does cimetidine improve prospects for cancer patients?. A reappraisal of the evidence to date. (8/872)

BACKGROUND: Evidence first appeared in 1988 that cimetidine as an adjuvant may improve the survival of severely ill gastro-intestinal cancer patients when given peri- or postoperatively. Since then, several studies have appeared which suggest an anticancer activity for cimetidine, although few attempts have been made to corroborate their findings in large, placebo-controlled, double-blind studies. METHOD: We reviewed the literature concerning cimetidine's potential anticancer activity, particularly with regard to gastro-intestinal cancers. RESULTS: Most studies suggest that cimetidine may improve the outcome in cancer patients by a three-pronged mechanism involving (1) inhibition of cancer cell proliferation; (2) stimulation of the lymphocyte activity by inhibition of T cell suppressor function, and (3) inhibition of histamine's activity as a growth factor in tumours. CONCLUSION: Bearing in mind the experimental evidence, as well as the potential and excellent safety profile of cimetidine, more studies are required and justified to clarify cimetidine's protherapeutic activity.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Cimetidine Does Not Inhibit Indomethacin-Induced Small Bowel Ulceration in the Rat. AU - Kauffman, Gordon L.. AU - Foley, Kevin. AU - Grossman, Morton I.. PY - 1979/1/1. Y1 - 1979/1/1. N2 - In earlier studies, cimetidine was found to protect against acetylsalicylic acid-induced gastric mucosal lesions by a mechanism other than inhibition of gastric acid secretion. The present study examined the possibility that cimetidine might protect against the intestinal mucosal injury produced by indomethacin. Small intestinal ulceration produced by oral indomethacin (20 mg kg-1) was studied in rats treated with 0.15 M NaCl (control); 80 mg kg-1 cimetidine; 400 mg kg -1 cimetidine; and 100 μug kg-1 16-16 dimethyl prostaglandin E2. The treatments were given 30 min before and 8 hr after indomethacin. Confirming previous studies, 16-16 DMPGE2 significantly (P , 0.01) reduced the number of lesions and the sum of the lengths of ulcers per rat when compared to the control group. Neither dose of ...
Cimetidine, sold under the brand name Tagamet among others, is a histamine H2 receptor antagonist that inhibits stomach acid production. It is available over-the-counter and is mainly used in the treatment of heartburn and peptic ulcers. The development of longer-acting H2 receptor antagonists with fewer drug interactions and adverse effects, such as ranitidine and famotidine, decreased the use of cimetidine, and though it is still used, cimetidine is no longer among the more widely used of the H2-receptor antagonists.[citation needed] Cimetidine was discovered in 1971 and came into commercial use in 1977. Cimetidine was approved in the United Kingdom in 1976, and was approved in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration for prescriptions in 1979.[citation needed] Cimetidine is used to inhibit stomach acid production and is used in the treatment of heartburn and peptic ulcers. Some evidence suggests cimetidine could be effective in the treatment of common warts, but more rigorous ...
Elephant specific information, if available, is in blue.. Chemistry - An H2- receptor antagonist, cimetidine occurs as a white to off-white, crystalline powder. It has what is described as an unpleasant odor and a pKa of 6.8. Cimetidine is sparingly soluble in water and soluble in alcohol. Cimetidine HCl occurs as white, crystalline powder and is very soluble in water and soluble in alcohol. It has a pKa of 7.11 and the commercial injection has a pH of 3.8-6.. Storage/Stability/Compatibility - Cimetidine products should be stored protected from light and kept at room temperature. Do not refrigerate the injectable product as precipitation may occur. Oral dosage forms should be stored in tight containers.. The cimetidine injectable product is compatible with the commonly used IV infusions solu-tions, including amino acid (TPN) solutions, but should be used within 48 hours of dilution. Cimetidine is also reported to be compatible with the following drugs: acetazolamide sodium, amikacin sulfate, ...
Forty five patients with refractory oesophagitis, defined as persisting erosive changes or ulceration despite a minimum of three months treatment with cimetidine 3.2 g daily or ranitidine 0.9 g daily, were treated in an open trial with omeprazole 40 mg daily for up to eight weeks. Endoscopically defined healing was observed in 73% of patients after four weeks treatment and in 91% after eight weeks treatment. Symptoms were completely relieved in 60% of patients, improved in 34%, unchanged in 4%, and worsened in 2%. After healing patients returned to maintenance treatment with cimetidine 1.6-3.2 g daily, depending on the severity of their illness before treatment with omeprazole. By six months and 12 months only 55% and 33% of patients respectively were still in remission. This study suggests that when erosive oesophagitis is refractory to treatment with high dose cimetidine or ranitidine, treatment with omeprazole 40 mg daily for up to eight weeks is effective in inducing healing and relieving ...
The effect of two doses of cimetidine, 400 mg at night and 400 mg bd, on the protection of indomethacin (50 mg tid) induced mucosal damage was evaluated in a double blind study in patients with acute musculoskeletal disorders. Endoscopic mucosal lesions were scored before and after five to seven days of treatment. One hundred and ninety one patients were endoscoped before the trial, 34 (17.8%) had greater than one erosion and were not recruited. Forty patients were excluded for non-compliance, or lost to follow up. At the second endoscopy, oesophageal, and fundic damage was negligible. Gastric and duodenal lesion score in patients treated with cimetidine 400 mg bd: 2.7 (0.5) (SE); n = 42) was significantly lower (p less than 0.0122) than in placebo treated patients: 6.1 (0.9) (n = 50) or in patients treated with cimetidine 400 mg at night 7.1 (0.8) (n = 21). Cimetidine 400 mg bd provided significant protection for the duodenum, but its protection of antral mucosa did not reach statistical ...
An Unexpected Anti-Cancer Agent. The first studies to hint at cimetidines effectiveness against cancer were published in the late 1970s. Although scientists initially thought that cimetidine worked by enhancing immune function, later studies showed that cimetidine functions via several different pathways to inhibit tumor cell proliferation and metastasis. In a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study in 1988, 181 patients with gastric cancer received cimetidine (400 mg, twice daily) or placebo for two years or until death. Those given cimetidine had a significantly prolonged survival rate compared to the placebo group, particularly patients with more serious disease.1. In a 1994 study, just seven days of cimetidine treatment (400 mg twice daily for five days preoperative and intravenously for two days post-operative) in colorectal cancer patients decreased their three-year mortality rate from 41% to 7%. In addition, tumors in the cimetidine-treated patients had a notably higher rate of ...
The efficacy of Cimetidine in the prevention and treatment of stress-induced gastroduodenal lesions was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in which serial endoscopy was used to examine patients without clinical evidence of bleeding who were admitted to a medical intensive care unit. Endoscopy showed that 14 of 21 patients treated with Cimetidine, compared with 5 of 18 patients treated with placebo, had normal or improved gastroduodenal mucosa (p , 0.05). Endoscopic signs of bleeding cleared or did not develop in 20 patients treated with Cimetidine and in 11 patients treated with placebo (p , 0.01). Significantly fewer blood transfusions were given to patients with endoscopic signs of bleeding in the cimetidine-treated group (0.5 ±0.3 [SE] units) than in placebo-treated patients (4.5 ±1.5 units; p , 0.05). The mortality rate was not statistically different between treatment groups. By preventing established gastroduodenal stress lesions from progressing in ...
Cimetidine is a powerful H2 receptor antagonist originally designed to treat ulcers by blocking the acid producing cells in the stomach. In the study three groups of rabbits were simultaneously induced with experimental periodontitis using P. gingivalis and treated with varying levels of topically applied cimetidine three times a week over a six-week period. Results showed that topical application of cimetidine at all concentrations inhibited inflammation and bone loss by approximately 90 ...
Seven in the chlorzoxazone group and 11 in the cimetidine group were lost to follow up. Concurrent use powder with Peptol tab 400mg may automatically result in increased and prolonged blood concentrations of cimetidine. As some imipramine packaging procedures must mind be strictly observed, the sandoz is the most suitable for company
Clinical studies have indicated that suppression of nocturnal acid is the most important factor in duodenal ulcer healing (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Antisecretory Activity: Acid Secretion). This is supported by recent clinical trials (see CLINICAL TRIALS: Duodenal Ulcer: Active Duodenal Ulcer). Therefore, there is no apparent rationale, except for familiarity with use, for treating with anything other than a once-daily at bedtime dosage regimen. In a U.S. dose-ranging study of 400 mg at bedtime, 800 mg at bedtime and 1600 mg at bedtime, a continuous dose-response relationship for ulcer healing was demonstrated.. However, 800 mg at bedtime is the dose of choice for most patients, as it provides a high healing rate (the difference between 800 mg at bedtime and 1,600 mg at bedtime being small), maximal pain relief, a decreased potential for drug interactions (see PRECAUTIONS: Drug Interactions) and maximal patient convenience. Patients unhealed at 4 weeks, or those with persistent symptoms, have ...
Clinical studies have indicated that suppression of nocturnal acid is the most important factor in duodenal ulcer healing (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Antisecretory Activity, Acid Secretion). This is supported by recent clinical trials (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Clinical Trials, Active Duodenal Ulcer). Therefore, there is no apparent rationale, except for familiarity with use, for treating with anything other than a once-daily at bedtime dosage regimen.. In a U.S. oral dose-ranging study of 400 mg at bedtime, 800 mg at bedtime and 1600 mg at bedtime, a continuous dose response relationship for ulcer healing was demonstrated.. However, 800 mg at bedtime is the dose of choice for most patients, as it provides a high healing rate (the difference between 800 mg at bedtime and 1600 mg at bedtime being small), maximal pain relief, a decreased potential for drug interactions (see PRECAUTIONS, Drug Interactions) and maximal patient convenience. Patients unhealed at four weeks, or those with persistent ...
Dyspepsia, a poorly defined syndrome of episodic or recurrent upper abdominal discomfort after eating, has an estimated prevalence of 20% to 30% in the general population. The pathophysiology of this disorder is unknown. Postulated mechanisms include gastric acid hypersecretion, gastric motility disorder, Helicobacter pylori infection, and psychogenic stress. The investigation of dyspepsia is limited to patients with systemic signs or symptoms that suggest anatomic disease; otherwise, the treatment of dyspepsia is empiric. Results of previous randomized trials have generally failed to show any advantage of antacids or cimetidine over placebo (1), although a more recent trial found a benefit of cimetidine for relief of pain (2). Johannessen and colleagues compared on-demand cimetidine with placebo in treating the symptoms of dyspepsia. Their n-of-1 design addresses a limitation of previous studies: A subgroup of responders may have been lost in the random error associated with a majority of ...
Detailed Description:. Additional Study Purpose Details: Evaluate the effects of multiple doses of cimetidine on the pharmacokinetics (e.g., elimination from the body) of a single dose of PD 0332334.. On February 18th 2009, a decision to terminate further development for PD 0332334 was communicated to investigators in this study. The decision to terminate this study was not based on any safety concerns. ...
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Effect of cimetidine on cumulative survival rates in the colorectal cancer patients. The tumour tissues from individual patients obtained during curative operat
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Cimetidine information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Sicor Pharmaceuticals, Cimetidine indications, usages and related health products lists
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Cimetidine is an H2-receptor antagonist that inhibits gastric acid secretion. In pregnancy, the antihistamine is primarily used for the treatment of peptic ulcer disease and for the prevention of gastric acid aspiration (Mendelsons syndrome) prior to delivery.. In studies with multiple animal species, no evidence of impaired fertility or teratogenesis was observed with doses up to 40 times higher than the usual human dose (1). Cimetidine does have weak antiandrogenic effects in animals, as evidenced by a reduction in the size of testes, prostatic glands, and seminal vesicles (2,3), and in humans, by reports of decreased libido and impotence (4). Conflicting reports on the antiandrogenic activity in animals exposed in utero to cimetidine have been published (5,6,7,8 and 9).. Three references, all from the same research group, described the effects on male rats of exposure to cimetidine from gestation up to the time of weaning (5,6 and 7). The rats had decreased weights of testicles, prostate ...
I just got a call back from Eltons vet. He said he consulted with his neurologist and they both agree that cimetidine will not do what prilosec will in reducing the CSF fluid. He said to start on that and then try Lyrica (which he said is expensive, which I know). He then mentioned steroids. I found this on Rods website http://www.cavalierhealth.org/syringomyelia.htm (I hope you dont mind the quote. Neurologists have been prescribing cimetidine (Tagamet, Zitac), which is a histamine
Define Tagamet HB. Tagamet HB synonyms, Tagamet HB pronunciation, Tagamet HB translation, English dictionary definition of Tagamet HB. n. A histamine receptor antagonist, C10H16N6S, that inhibits acid secretion in the stomach and is used to treat duodenal and gastric ulcers and...
Somberg L, Morris Jr., Fantus R, et al. Intermittent intravenous pantoprazole and continuous cimetidine infusion: effect on gastric pH control in critically ill patients at risk of developing stress-related mucosal disease. J Trauma 2008; 64(5):1202-10. Marrone GC, Silen W. Pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of acute gastric mucosal lesions. Clin Gastroenterol 1984; 13(2):635-50. Hastings PR, Skillman JJ, Bushnell LS, Silen W. Antacid titration in the prevention of acute gastrointestinal bleeding: a controlled, randomized trial in 100 critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 1978; 298(19):1041-5. Martin LF, Booth FV, Karlstadt RG, et al. Continuous intravenous cimetidine decreases stress-related upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage without promoting pneumonia. Crit Care Med 1993; 21(1):19-30. Conrad SA, Gabrielli A, Margolis B, et al. Randomized, double-blind comparison of immediate-release omeprazole oral suspension versus intravenous cimetidine for the prevention of upper gastrointestinal ...
Title: MedicineNet cimetidine Specialty, Description: MedicineNet cimetidine Specialty, By: Feedage Forager, ID: 331221, Grade: 93, Type: RSS20
Robert Hodgkinson, Raymond Glassenberg, Thomas H. Joyce, Dennis W. Coombs, Gerard W. Ostheimer, Charles P. Gibbs; Comparison of Cimetidine (Tagamet®) with Antacid for Safety and Effectiveness in Reducing Gastric Acidity before Elective Cesarean Section. Anesthesiology 1983;59(2):86-90. doi: https://doi.org/.. Download citation file:. ...
TAGAMET HB SUSPENSION (Cimetidine) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient assistance.
Every so often you might find that your feline friend is prescribed a drug that you might also use, and for exactly the same condition. Cimetidine, the generic name for the Tagamet brand, is one of ...
Effect of lafutidine (30 mg/kg) and cimetidine (10 mg/kg), relative to vehicle, on (A) intragastric acidity and (B) weight of gastric content measured 60 and 12
Health Products / Supplements China, Cimetidine Tablets 400mg, Indications: Treatment and maintenance therapy of active duodenal ulcer. Treatment of benign gastric ulcers . Treatment ...
Cimetidine is a histamine H2-receptor antagonist for treatment of ulcus duodeni and ulcus ventriculi. Normally, this active is wet-granulated to...
Cimetidine has been studied as an additive in cancer chemotherapy. It is claimed to reduce the side effects of Cisplatin. This study focuses on possible interactions between Cisplatin and cimetidine on the molecular level. Due to the fact that cimetidine is metabolized in the liver, interactions between its metabolites and Cisplatin are also investigated. By means of LC/ESI-MS, Cisplatin-cimetidin ...
It is widely accepted that angiotensin II, ACTH and potassium are the major factors controlling the release of aldosterone. Conflicting results have been reported about the role of serotonin,...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
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Histamine stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity in broken cells isolated from guinea pig gastric mucosa was competitively inhibited by the thiazole derivative ICI 125,211 and the furane derivative ranitidine, with pA2 of 7.62 (Ki = 2.39 x 10-8 M) and pA2 of 6.90 (Ki = 1.25 x 10-7 M), respectively, i.e., potencies 19 times and 4 times superior to that of the classical H2-receptor antagonist cimetidine (pA2 = 6.34; Ki = 4.57 x 10-7 M). These results are consistent with the reported pharmacological potencies of the antagonists on guinea pig right atrium and on gastric acid secretion in vivo. Thus, the requirement of an imidazole ring in the structure of H2-receptor antagonists can be definitely ruled out.. ...
Analysis of ambulatory 24-hour intragastric pH monitoring. Comparison of the effects of cimetidine 200mg QID and 800mg UID.:Comparison of the effects of cimetidine 200mg QID and 800mg UID (1988 ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The algorithm (sp) on C. Rusbridges website refers to those two drugs so I Googled to see what they are used for and found they are for stomach acid. What is the connection with SM and neurological pain?
Tell your doctor or health care professional if your pain does not start to get better or gets worse. You may need to take this medicine for several days before your symptoms get better. Finish the full course of tablets prescribed by your doctor or health care professional even if you feel better.. Do not take with aspirin, ibuprofen, or other antiinflammatory medicines unless directed to do so by your health care professional. These can make your condition worse.. Do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol. These increase irritation in your stomach and can increase the time it will take for your ulcer to heal.. If you get black, tarry stools or vomit up what looks like coffee grounds, call your doctor or health care professional right away. You may have a bleeding ulcer.. ...
Tell your doctor or health care professional if your pain does not start to get better or gets worse. You may need to take this medicine for several days before your symptoms get better. Finish the full course of tablets prescribed by your doctor or health care professional even if you feel better.. Do not take with aspirin, ibuprofen, or other antiinflammatory medicines unless directed to do so by your health care professional. These can make your condition worse.. Do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol. These increase irritation in your stomach and can increase the time it will take for your ulcer to heal.. If you get black, tarry stools or vomit up what looks like coffee grounds, call your doctor or health care professional right away. You may have a bleeding ulcer.. ...
Tell your doctor or health care professional if your pain does not start to get better or gets worse. You may need to take this medicine for several days before your symptoms get better. Finish the full course of tablets prescribed by your doctor or health care professional even if you feel better.. Do not take with aspirin, ibuprofen, or other antiinflammatory medicines unless directed to do so by your health care professional. These can make your condition worse.. Do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol. These increase irritation in your stomach and can increase the time it will take for your ulcer to heal.. If you get black, tarry stools or vomit up what looks like coffee grounds, call your doctor or health care professional right away. You may have a bleeding ulcer.. ...
Revision date indicates the date the MSDS or SDS was last revised. MSDS / SDS are dated when they are originally issued AND when any significant change has been made to the chemical compound or research has revealed a health or physical hazard different from what was originally stated. Additional information regarding MSDS / SDS is available at https://www.osha.gov ...
This medication is typically used 4 times a day. However, your doctor or pharmacist may have suggested a different schedule that is more appropriate for you. Take it regularly and continuously to maintain its beneficial effects. Your doctor has prescribed this medication for a specific period of time. Take it for the entire time prescribed in order to achieve the medications full benefit, even if you begin to feel better sooner. Avoid using or consuming substances that may irritate your stomach, such as: ...
The drug brand named Ulcenon contains generic salt - Cimetidine and is manufactured by EMS Industria Farmaceutica.Ulcenon is mainly associated with symptoms and indications - The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) - A02BA01 - Cimetidine ...
DI-fusion, le Dépôt institutionnel numérique de lULB, est loutil de référencementde la production scientifique de lULB.Linterface de recherche DI-fusion permet de consulter les publications des chercheurs de lULB et les thèses qui y ont été défendues.
To the editor: Increasingly frequent reports have attributed neurologic complications other than encephalopathy to cimetidine toxicity. I wish to report a case of chorea apparently caused by cimetidine.. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to the Neurological Institute of New York after several weeks of abnormal movements. The history showed chronic obstructive pulmonic disease treated with theophylline, 800 mg daily, and terbutaline, 15 mg daily in divided doses. Haloperidol had been prescribed for an affective disorder, but symptoms had resolved and therapy had been terminated 18 months earlier. Barium swallow had shown a duodenal ulcer 11 months previously; therapy included cimetidine, ...
Cimetidine (200mg) - 10 Tablet (Cimetidine) drug information. Find its price or cost, dose, when to use, how to use, side effects, adverse effects, substitutes. It is manufactured by Zydus Cadila Healthcare Ltd.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cimetidine, ranitidine, and pirenzepine in the treatment of duodenal ulcer. T2 - A six-month low-dose treatment period followed by a six-month observation period. AU - Leandro, G.. AU - Battaglia, G.. AU - Di Mario, F.. AU - Cozzolongo, R.. AU - Giannuzzi, V.. AU - Cannizzaro, R.. AU - Manghisi, O. G.. AU - Naccarato, R.. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - One hundred twenty-one consecutive patients with healed duodenal ulcer (DU) entered a single-blind, randomized, one-year study. They were treated with either cimetidine 400 mg (41 patients), ranitidine 150 mg (40 patients), or pirenzepine 50 mg (41 patients) at bedtime for the first six months and had no treatment in the subsequent six-month observation period. The patients were well matched in common clinical and biochemical parameters. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed every three months in all asymptomatic subjects and at every symptomatic relapse. Statistics were calculated by chi-square test with Yates correction, ...
To further breakdown all this pre-dose potentiation, Ill make it easy for you guys and just tell ya how many pills to take, and the exact way I consume them * T-45) 3 200mg Cimetidine pills, washed down with a HUGE tonic waterwhite grapefruit juice cocktail. * T-35) 1 Coriciden Cough & Cold Low Blood.. Jul 30, 2000. Using Antihistamines, Anticholinergics, and Depressants To Potentiate Opiates, And Dealing With Opiate Side Effects. Antihistamine Aficionado. A dose of Tagamet an hour before a hydrocodone/oxycodone session will make the drug last longer and have a better effect. Antacids should be taken at least.. Cimetidine: The concomitant use of cimetidine can potentiate morphine effects and increase risk of hypotension, respiratory depression, profound sedation, coma, and death. Diuretics: Opioids can reduce the efficacy of diuretics by.. There seems to be a split on whether Cimetidine is a useful when taken prior to kratom ingestion. I humbly submit ROA, with regards to brewing tea.. These ...
Secretion of acid by the stomach depends on the binding of gastric acetylcholine and histamine to their respective receptor on the parietal cell surface. Blocking either of these leads to a reduction in acid secretion. H1 receptors are located on blood vessels, smooth muscle and in the skin. H2 receptor are located in the stomach and stimulation results in gastric acid secretion. Drugs which block H2 receptors were developed in several stages. The first member of this group to be made commercially available was cimetidine which was released in the UK in November 1976. Since then, it and the other available H2 receptor antagonist ranitidine, which was marketed in 1981, have become widely used. (2). Cimetidine. Cimetidine is used in the short-term treatment of active, benign, gastric ulcer. In studies in patients with gastric ulcers receiving supplemental antacid cimetidine promoted healing of ulcers in up to 70% of patients after 4 weeks and in 66-100% of patients after 6 weeks. In controlled ...
Available evidence indicates that there are two types of Na(+)-H+ exchangers, type A (housekeeping type) and type B (epithelial or apical type), in mammalian cells. We have recently reported, using isolated membrane vesicles, that these two types can be differentiated by their relative sensitivities to inhibition by clonidine and cimetidine [Kulanthaivel, Leibach, Mahesh, Cragoe & Ganapathy (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 1249-1252]. The present study was undertaken to determine whether this approach is also effective in cultured cells. The JAR human placental choriocarcinoma cell line and the opossum kidney (OK) cell line, when grown as confluent monolayer cultures on an impermeable plastic support, express Na(+)-H+ exchanger activity which is measurable by determining Na+ uptake into the cells from the culture medium. The JAR cell Na(+)-H+ exchanger was found to be about 100 times more sensitive to inhibition by dimethylamiloride than the OK cell Na(+)-H+ exchanger. Inhibition studies with ...
2 Answers - Posted in: norco, ultram, unisom, cimetidine, clonazepam - Answer: Hi miallison89 & welcome to the site. Please read the interreactions ...
1. Salom IL, Silvis SE, Doscherholmen A. Effect of cimetidine on the absorption of vitamin B 12. Scand J Gastroenterol 17: 129 - 131, 1982. 2. Streeter AM, Goulston KJ, Bathur FA, et al. Cimetidine and malabsorption of cobalamin. Dig Dis Sci 27: 13 - 16, 1982. 3. Blache J, Zittoun J, Marquet J, et al. Effect of ranitidine on secretion of gastric intrinsic factor and absorption of vitamin B 12. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 7: 381 - 384, 1983. 4. Russell RM, Golner BB, Krasinski SD, et al. Effect of antacid and H 2 receptor antagonists on the intestinal absorption of folic acid. J Lab Clin Med 112: 458 - 463, 1988. 5. DArcy PF and McElnay JC. Drug interactions in the gut involving metal ions. Rev DrugMetabol Drug Interact 5(2 - 3):83 - 112, 1985. 6. Hathcock JN. Metabolic mechanisms of drug-nutrient interactions. Fed Proc 44(1): 124, 1985. 7. Sturniolo GC, et al. Inhibition of gastric acid secretion reduces zinc absorption in man. JAm Coll Nutr 4: 372 - 375, 1991. 8. Aymard JP, Aymard B, Netter P, et ...
1. CIMETIDINE - Concurrent administration of venlafaxine and cimetidine (both at steady state) has resulted in a 43% reduction in the oral clearance of venlafaxine and a 60% increase in the AUC and peak concentration of venlafaxine (Prod Info Effexor(R), 2000). The major metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine, was unaffected by cimetidine, and is present in much greater amounts than the parent drug. It is not known if a clinically significant interaction will occur with this combination. Patients should be monitored for signs of venlafaxine toxicity, and the dose of venlafaxine reduced if necessary ...
The present study examined the effect of histamine H2-receptor antagonists and exogenous histamine on growth of malignant melanoma implant in mice. Drugs were administered to B16BL6 malignant-melanoma-implanted syngeneic mice, and the tumor volume was measured throughout the experiments. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay and mRNA expression was determined by RT-PCR. Both roxatidine and cimetidine significantly suppressed growth of B16BL6 implant compared with vehicle. On the other hand, systemically administered histamine significantly stimulated growth of B16BL6 implants. In addition, the histamine-stimulated B16BL6 implant growth was markedly suppressed by co-administration of cimetidine in a dose-dependent manner. H2-receptor antagonists, however, failed to affect in vitro proliferation of B16BL6 cells. H2-receptor mRNA was detected in B16BL6 implants but not in the cell line. These results indicated that both endogenous and exogenous histamine have ability to stimulate growth of malignant
The literature on H2- antagonist drug interactions is now extensive. The whole subject is so complicated as to make things difficult for the potential prescriber. However, it is possible to reduce...
Retrograde colonization of the oropharynx from the stomach by microaspiration of gastric fluid is a recently recognized phenomenon associated with increased gastric pH that may result in pneumonia during ventilation therapy. In a prospective study we
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Antidepressants can increase suicidal thoughts and actions in some children and adolescents younger than 18 years of age. They are thought to work by their action on brain chemicals called amines which are involved in controlling mood. However, vaccine-associated cases of polio do occur. Treatment varies based on the type of parasite, but typically involves eliminating the parasite from the pet and making sure that the home is also clear of adult parasites and eggs. There are also show you look and feel. However, if these symptoms are severe and/or accompanied by fever or significant exhaustion, they likely indicate the flu, which is a distinct type of viral respiratory infection caused by an influenza virus (CDC 2011; Hayden 2011; NIAID 2011a). SmithKline Beecham was dealt a second setback yesterday in its regulatory quest to turn its prescription ulcer drug Tagamet into an over-the-counter treatment for heartburn.. In this article, I will reveal what has worked for me personally to ward off ...
If you have mild reflux symptoms that occur less than two times a week, you can start with a low dose of famotidine (Pepcid) or cimetidine (Tagamet). Ranitidine (Zantac), another H2 blocker, was recently removed from the market because it was found to contain higher-than-acceptable levels of cancer-causing substances.. ...
104 duodenal ulcer patients were classified into non-smokers (76) and smokers (28). Their age range was between 14-72 years. They were randomly treated with cimetidine (28 non-smokers and 8 smokers), colloidal bismuth (27 non-smokers and 10 smokers)
Many medicines interact with alcohol. This includes both prescription medicines and ones you buy over the counter. For example, if you drink while you take a diabetes medicine such as insulin or sulfonylureas, such as glipizide and glyburide, it could cause very low blood sugar levels. If you drink while you take medicine for heartburn, such as cimetidine (Tagamet) or ranitidine (Zantac), it could cause a fast heartbeat. Common medicines that interact with alcohol include:. ...
Many medicines interact with alcohol. This includes both prescription medicines and ones you buy over the counter. For example, if you drink while you take a diabetes medicine such as insulin or sulfonylureas, such as glipizide and glyburide, it could cause very low blood sugar levels. If you drink while you take medicine for heartburn, such as cimetidine (Tagamet) or ranitidine (Zantac), it could cause a fast heartbeat. Common medicines that interact with alcohol include:. ...
Tagamet (Cimetidine) or Prilosec (Omeprazole)? No Yes Diltiazem (Cardizem) or Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)? No Yes Fluconazole (Diflucan) or Itraconazole (Sporonox)? No Yes Do you eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice? Have you ever taken any prescription drugs (such as fen-phen) for weight loss? Have you ever been treated with a bisphosphonate drug (Fosamax, Aredia, Zometa, Actonel, Boniva)? If so, when No Yes did the treatment begin? When did the treatment end ...
Special Instructions:Abnormal kidney function or use of diuretics may influence test results. This test should not be performed on individuals with kidney disorders. In addition, certain medicines may impact test results [e.g. cephalosporins (e.g. Cefoxitin), cimetidine (Tagamet), fibrates (e.g. Ciprofibrate) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)]. Let your physician know about your use of these medications. Do not change use of medications unless instructed to do so by your healthcare provider. Avoid eating (whole and ground) flax seeds and sesame seeds for at least 48 hours before beginning urine collection. If you are experiencing a urinary tract infection, delay collection of specimen until after completing treatment ...
Special Instructions:Abnormal kidney function or use of diuretics may influence test results. This test should not be performed on individuals with kidney disorders. In addition, certain medicines may impact test results [e.g. cephalosporins (e.g. Cefoxitin), cimetidine (Tagamet), fibrates (e.g. Ciprofibrate) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)]. Let your physician know about your use of these medications. Do not change use of medications unless instructed to do so by your healthcare provider. Avoid eating (whole and ground) flax seeds and sesame seeds for at least 48 hours before beginning urine collection. If you are experiencing a urinary tract infection, delay collection of specimen until after completing treatment ...
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Glaxo farthest the model Rubrics for research papers in middle school by replacing the imidazole surpass of cimetidine with a furan wedge with a synthesis -befriending substituent, and in doing so developed ranitidine.
Prostacyclin (PGI2) induced a dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure with slight increases in heart rate and body temperature, when administered at the doses of 0.1-100 ~g into the lateral cerebral ventricle (i.c.v.) of the urethane-anaesthetised rat. When the same doses were administered intravenously, both the blood pressure and heart rate decreased. Central pretreatment wib~ sodiurn meclofenamate (1 mg/rat i.c.v.) antagonised the central hypotensive effect of PGI2 but i.c.v. pretreatrnent of the rats with indomethacin (1 mg/rat) failed to affect the PGI 2-induced hypotension. Central pretreatment with two histamine H2-receptor antagonists, cimetidine (500 ~g/rat i.c.v.) or metiamide (488 ~g/rat i.c.v.), antagonised the blood pressure lowering effect of 0.1 ~g dose of PGI2 but failed to affect the hypotension induced by higher PGI2 doses. Therefore the main central hypotensive effect of PGI2 seems not to be associated with the stimulation of histamine H2 -receptors in the brain. The ...
Cimetidine Tablets are currently on Manufacturers Back Order. If you have additional questions please email us at [email protected] ...
Zitac is cheaper at VetUK. Zitac Tablets for Dogs is for the symptomatic treatment for the reduction of vomiting associated with chronic gastritis in dogs. Zitac Vet 100 mg tablets are oblong tablets, scored on both sides, containing cimetidine 100...
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Diflucan official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. In premature newborns (gestational age 26 to 29 weeks), the mean (cv) clearance However, the administration of cimetidine 600 mg to 900 mg intravenously over a . In the study, subjects ingested placebo or 400 mg fluconazole on Day 1 followed
A lengthy list of drugs can cause problems when combined with Effexor XR. This eMedTV resource covers cimetidine, fentanyl, haloperidol, indinavir, ketoconazole, and other medications, describing the problems that might occur.
Altered que consecuencias trae el consumo de viagra anticoagulant effects, including increased bleeding, have been reported when SSRIs and SNRIs are coadministered with warfarin. They may also be more likely to lose too much salt (hyponatremia), especially if they are also taking water pills (diuretics) with this medication. The risk differences (drug vs. Placebo), however, were relatively stable within age strata and across indications. Cimetidine Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: mood or behavior changes, anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), more depressed, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself. The physician who elects to use Lexapro for extended periods should periodically re-evaluate the long-term usefulness of the drug for the individual patient. Consequently, it is not possible to provide a meaningful estimate of the proportion ...
The biology of CYPs is complex. It reveals its secrets only in a committed relationship, and the multiplicity of CYP isoforms and their myriad products elude a casual grasp. However, this complexity belies the widespread physiological, pathological, and toxicological significance of these enzymes. The CYPs catalyze the controlled addition of molecular oxygen to carbon-carbon bonds, which is one of the most elegant reactions devised by nature and is used by all organisms to remove and detoxify foreign chemicals. It is, however, a Faustian bargain. The reaction proceeds via the formation of an alkoxyl radical-like intermediate and leaks superoxide and hydrogen peroxide,7 both of which could be highly toxic. Consequently, CYP-based detoxification of alcohols, drugs, and chemicals often results in increased radical generation and causes oxidative stress.7 The protective effects of CYP inhibitors (chloramphenicol, cimetidine, and sulfaphenazole) against myocardial ischemic injury have been linked to ...
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I have steadily been reducing carbs since the beginning of the year. Over the past month I have kept them to to about 25g daily (40g including fiber).
"anTAGonist" and "ciMETidine"". American Chemical Society. 2005. Retrieved 2005-12-25. "Sir James Black, OM". The Daily ...
Cimetidine slows down the elimination rate of nitrazepam, leading to more prolonged effects and increased risk of accumulation ... Ochs HR, Greenblatt DJ, Gugler R, Müntefering G, Locniskar A, Abernethy DR (August 1983). "Cimetidine impairs nitrazepam ...
The discovery of burimamide ultimately led to the development of cimetidine (Tagamet). Metiamide Cimetidine Clayden, Jonathan; ...
Ruffalo RL, Thompson JF, Segal J (September 1981). "Cimetidine-benzodiazepine drug interaction". Am J Hosp Pharm. 38 (9): 1365- ... Prazepam may interact with cimetidine. Alcohol in combination with prazepam increases the adverse effects, particularly ...
showed that cimetidine was ineffective. Hayashi et al. applied topical calcipotriol to a patient with a successful result. As ... Cimetidine was reported to be effective because of its depressing mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation and regulatory T ...
"The pharmacokinetics of lormetazepam following cimetidine". Der Anaesthesist. 40 (12): 675-679. PMID 1685875. Janknegt R, van ...
Cimetidine works by slowing tumor growth; it is a histamine blocker that maintains the body's immune response which aids in the ... Cimetidine has not been proven to efficiently resolve tumors completely. A vaccine that is similar to the effective canine ... Goetz, T. E., Ogilvie, G. K., Keegan, K. G., and Johnson, P. J. (1990). Cimetidine for treatment of melanomas in three horses. ...
Conversely, 800 mg of cimetidine 1 hr before the start and again at 50 miles of a 100-mile running race substantially decreased ... Ingestion of 800 mg of cimetidine 2 hr before running a marathon did not significantly affect the frequency of gastrointestinal ... Moses FM, Baska RS, Peura DA, Deuster PA (October 1991). "Effect of cimetidine on marathon-associated gastrointestinal symptoms ... Baska RS, Moses FM, Deuster PA (August 1990). "Cimetidine reduces running-associated gastrointestinal bleeding. A prospective ...
Cimetidine may influence the absorption of doxepin. Alcohol may potentiate some of the CNS depressant effects of doxepin. ...
Guss DA (1998). "Scombroid fish poisoning: successful treatment with cimetidine". Undersea Hyperb Med. 25 (2): 123-5. PMID ...
There is no high-quality evidence for cimetidine. However, oral cimetidine has been used as alternative treatment for pediatric ... The medication cimetidine by mouth or podophyllotoxin cream applied to the skin may also be used. Approximately 122 million ... Scheinfeld N (March 2003). "Cimetidine: a review of the recent developments and reports in cutaneous medicine". Dermatol. ...
... and 10 times the activity of cimetidine. Ranitidine has 10% of the affinity that cimetidine has to CYP450, so it causes fewer ... 1980). "Effect of cimetidine on gastric bacterial flora". Lancet. i (8170): 672-674. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(80)92826-3. ... Glaxo refined the model further by replacing the imidazole ring of cimetidine with a furan ring with a nitrogen-containing ... Its development was a response to the first in class histamine H2 receptor antagonist, cimetidine, developed by Sir James Black ...
Cimetidine also affects the body's uptake of rimantadine. Rimantadine can produce gastrointestinal and central nervous system ...
Cimetidine, rifampicin, and thioridazine cause interactions with zaleplon. Cimetidine and grapefruit are known to increase ... before one consumes cimetidine (or grapefruit) while also taking zaleplon. Zaleplon has the potential to be a drug of ...
Such as occurs when cimetidine is taken with didanosine. In this case a gap of two to four hours between taking the two drugs ...
CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Pounder R (1975). "24-HOUR CONTROL OF INTRAGASTRIC ACIDITY BY CIMETIDINE IN ... "Inhibition of food-stimulated gastric acid secretion by cimetidine". Gut. 17: 161-8. PMC 1411161 . PMID 5342. CS1 maint: ...
Azlocillin, cimetidine and probenecid increase blood levels of difloxacin. Compounds (i.e. sucralfate, antacids, multivitamins ...
5. Tagamet (Cimetidine) increased Isradipine mean peak plasma levels. A downward dose adjustment may be necessary with this ...
Somogyi A; Stockley C; Keal J; Rolan P; Bochner F (May 1987). "Reduction of metformin renal tubular secretion by cimetidine in ... The H2-receptor antagonist cimetidine causes an increase in the plasma concentration of metformin, by reducing clearance of ... form of cimetidine, may compete for the same transport mechanism. A small double-blind, randomized study found the antibiotic ... metformin by the kidneys; both metformin and cimetidine are cleared from the body by tubular secretion, and both, particularly ...
The anti-ulcer drug cimetidine is generated using such reactivity. Related reactions exploit the bifunctionality of cyanamide ...
Finally, cimetidine S-oxygenation or ranitidine N-oxidation can also be used as a functional probe of human FMO3. With the ... 1993). "Chemical, enzymatic, and human enantioselective S-oxygenation of cimetidine". Drug Metab. Dispos. 21 (4): 587-97. PMID ... commonly used drugs including cimetidine, ranitidine, clozapine, methimazole, itopride, ketoconazole, tamoxifen and sulindac ...
Cimetidine: Cimetidine inhibits CYP450 enzymes involved in metabolism of CCBs. Blood concentration of calcium channel ...
MAO inhibitor can cause severe orthostatic hypotension when combined with altretamine; and cimetidine can increase its ...
... take 4 hours apart Cimetidine- may inhibit metabolism of chloroquine; increasing levels of chloroquine in the body Ampicillin- ...
Adverse experience with cimetidine and safety of beta-adrenergic antagonists". Arch Intern Med. 145 (12): 2197-200. doi:10.1001 ...
... cimetidine) and Zantac (ranitidine hydrochloride) created a strong demand for advanced organic chemicals used in their ... cimetidine. see above) and Nexium (omeprazole), the antimycotics Daktarin (miconazole), Fungarest (ketoconazole) and Travogen ( ...
Also amiodarone, cimetidine and trimethoprim increase the NAPA serum level. Cimetidine and ranitidine possibly increase plasma ...
H2 blockers, such as cimetidine, protect against stomach damage from histamine. Vinblastine and CCNU are common chemotherapy ...
There does not appear to be any interaction between zolpidem and cimetidine or ranitidine. However, it was noted in the same ... cimetidine and ranitidine". International journal of clinical pharmacology research. 8 (6): 471-476. PMID 3253224. CS1 maint: ... study that cimetidine did appear to prolong the hypnotic effects of Zolpidem beyond its typical 3 hour duration, which is ...
Cimetidine first entered the market in the United Kingdom in 1976, and was received extremely well. Cimetidine quickly garnered ... Cimetidine was a revolutionary drug at the time of its creation. Peptic ulcers, or stomach ulcers, used to be a very serious ... He has won many awards and commendations over the years, both for his work on cimetidine and his research in other areas of ... Although Ganellin considers cimetidine his greatest achievement, he has never wavered in his devotion to scientific research. ...
Cimetidines mechanism of action as an antacid is as a histamine H2 receptor antagonist. Cimetidine is a potent inhibitor of ... As a result, cimetidine has the potential for a large number of pharmacokinetic interactions. Cimetidine is reported to be a ... Cimetidine reduces the absorption of ketoconazole and itraconazole (which require a low pH). Cimetidine has a theoretical but ... Cimetidine is S-oxygenated by human flavin-containing monooxygenases, specifically FMO1 and FMO3. Cimetidine, approved by the ...
... ,ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research ... Cimetidine, Serum or Plasma. 2. Clinitek 500 Urine Chemistry Analyzer. 3. Clinitek Atlas Automated Urine Chemistry Analyzer ( ...
Cimetidine Inhibition of Stimulated Gastric Acid Secretion Stimulant. Stimulant Dose. Cimetidine. % Inhibition. ... Cimetidine (800 mg twice daily) Cimetidine (400 mg 4 times daily) Placebo. p-Value (800 mg twice daily vs. placebo) ... Cimetidine has a bitter taste and characteristic odor.. Cimetidine is soluble in alcohol, slightly soluble in water, very ... Cimetidine is rapidly absorbed after oral administration and peak levels occur in 45 to 90 minutes. The half-life of cimetidine ...
Besidin information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Coup, Besidin indications, usages and related health products lists
Cimetidine indications, usages and related health products lists ... Available forms, composition and doses of Cimetidine:. *Tablets ... Cimetidine information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Mylan, ... Oral; Cimetidine 200 mg*Tablets; Oral; Cimetidine 300 mg*Tablets; Oral; Cimetidine 400 mg*Tablets; Oral; Cimetidine 800 mg. ... Find online pharmacy, drugstore, pharma or beauty shop where to order or buy Cimetidine brand or generic online:. ...
Cimetidine Inhibits Gum Disease in Rabbits. Apr 15, 2006, 18:39, Reviewed by: Dr. Shivani Arora. ... Cimetidine is a powerful H2 receptor antagonist originally designed to treat ulcers by blocking the acid producing cells in the ... "The findings of this study provide morphological and histological evidence that topically active cimetidine is a potent ... "The findings of this study provide morphological and histological evidence that topically active cimetidine is a potent ...
cimetidine aldosterone renin cortisol blood pressure aldosterone release This is a preview of subscription content, log in to ... The administration of cimetidine did not induce a significant change in plasma aldosterone level or in its major controlling ... To evaluate the possible involvement of H2-histaminergic receptors, the effect of intravenous injection of 400 mg cimetidine on ... Freely J, Robertson D, Island DP, Wood AJJ (1982) Cimetidine alters plasma catecholamine levels and cortisol and aldosterone ...
APO CIMETIDINE, 300MG, TABLET. Common uses. This medication reduces the production of stomach acid. Typically, it is used for ...
Cimetidine Tablets 400mg, Indications: Treatment and maintenance therapy of active duodenal ulcer. Treatment of benign gastric ... Cimetidine Tablets 400mg - China. price: 0.22 Dollar US$. Cimetidine Tablets Photos Catalog. ... Cimetidine (HCI) is contraindicated in conditions like Hypersensitivity.. Adverse Effects:. Adverse reactions to cimetidine are ... Before giving cimetidine to patients with gastric ulcers the possibility of. malignancy should be considered since cimetidine ...
Effect of Cimetidine on the Single-Dose PK of IV- Administered MNTX. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Cimetidine. Narcotic Antagonists. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Sensory System Agents. Peripheral Nervous System Agents. Anti ... A Phase 1, Open-Label, Study of the Effect of Cimetidine, a Known Inhibitor of Active Renal Secretion, on the Single-Dose ... Half-life of MNTX prior to and following a multi-dose cimetidine regimen [ Time Frame: 7 days ]. To assess the potential ...
All patients were in symptomatic remission following 4 weeks of omeprazole 20 mg o.d. or cimetidine 400 mg q.d.s. and, if ... Omeprazole 10 mg o.m. is more effective than cimetidine 800 mg nocte in the prevention of recurrence of GERD-associated ... Omeprazole is more effective than cimetidine in the prevention of recurrence of GERD-associated heartburn and the occurrence of ... There is also a paucity of data on the long-term use of cimetidine in GERD patients. ...
... or in patients treated with cimetidine 400 mg at night 7.1 (0.8) (n = 21). Cimetidine 400 mg bd provided significant protection ... The effect of two doses of cimetidine, 400 mg at night and 400 mg bd, on the protection of indomethacin (50 mg tid) induced ... Gastric and duodenal lesion score in patients treated with cimetidine 400 mg bd: 2.7 (0.5) (SE); n = 42) was significantly ... Cimetidine decreases indomethacin induced duodenal mucosal damage in patients with acute musculoskeletal disorders. ...
Cimetidine HCl Liquid 300 mg (as HCl) per 5 ml; Tagamet® (SK-Beecham) (Rx); Cimetidine Oral Solution® (Barre-National) (Rx) ... Cimetidine is sparingly soluble in water and soluble in alcohol. Cimetidine HCl occurs as white, crystalline powder and is very ... Cimetidine may decrease the renal clearance of procainamide. Cimetidine may exacerbate leukopenias when used with other agents ... Cimetidine Tablets 100 mg, 200 mg, 300 mg, 400 mg, 800 mg; Tagamet® HB (SKBeecham) (OTC); Tagamet® (SK-Beecham) (Rx); generic ( ...
225 of 276 cimetidine doses (82%) {95% CI for difference 20% to 35%}*. Symptoms worsened after 5 of the 276 doses of cimetidine ... Cimetidine provided symptomatic relief of dyspepsia. ACP J Club. 1992 Sept-Oct;117:40. doi:10.7326/ACPJC-1992-117-2-040 ... Unfortunately, flaws in the methods (4 changes in study design and 2 different dosages of cimetidine) and a P value of 0.20 as ... Cimetidine on-demand in dyspepsia. Experience with randomized controlled single-subject trials. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1992 Mar ...
Cimetidine, the generic name for the Tagamet brand, is one of ... ... What Is Cimetidine?. Cimetidine is one form of a group of drugs ... Cimetidine was one of the first drugs of this type on the market but, according to the Veterinary Drug Handbook, vets use ... Cimetidine is not FDA-approved for treating animals, but vets are legally allowed to prescribe it as an "extra-label" drug. ... Cimetidine is available in tablet, liquid and injectable forms. According to PetPlace, the typical dosage is 3 to 5 mg per ...
Cimetidine: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Before taking cimetidine,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to cimetidine or any other medications. ... Cimetidine comes as a tablet and a liquid to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day at bedtime or two to four times a ... Over-the-counter cimetidine is usually taken once or twice a day with a glass of water. To prevent symptoms, it is taken within ...
Other names: Guanidine, N-cyano-N-methyl-N-[2-[[(5-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)methyl]thio]ethyl]-; N-Cyano-N-methyl-N-(2-(((5-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)methyl)thio)ethyl)guanidine; 1-Cyano-2-methyl-3-(2-(((5-methyl-4-imidazolyl)methyl)thio)ethyl)guanidine; 2-Cyano-1-methyl-3-(2-(((5-methylimidazol-4-yl)methyl)thio)ethyl)guanidine; Eureceptor; FPF 1002; Gastromet; SKF 92334; Tagamet; Tametin; Tratul; Ulcedine; Ulcimet; Ulcomet; Guanidine, N-cyano-N-methyl-N-[2-[[(5-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)methyl]thio]ethyl]-; Acibilin; Acinil; Cimal; Cimetag; Cimetum; Dyspamet; Edalene; Peptol; Ulcedin; Ulcerfen; Ulcofalk; Ulcomedina; Ulhys ...
A list of US medications equivalent to Bio-Cimetidine is available on the Drugs.com website. ... Bio-Cimetidine is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. ... Bio-Cimetidine may be available in the countries listed below.. Ingredient matches for Bio-Cimetidine. Cimetidine. Cimetidine ...
Cimetidine Inhibition of Stimulated Gastric Acid Secretion Stimulant. Stimulant Dose. Cimetidine. % Inhibition. ... Cimetidine has a bitter taste and characteristic odor.. Cimetidine is soluble in alcohol, slightly soluble in water, very ... Cimetidine is rapidly absorbed after oral administration and peak levels occur in 45 to 90 minutes. The half-life of cimetidine ... Cimetidine is not an anticholinergic agent. Studies have shown that cimetidine inhibits both daytime and nocturnal basal ...
Cimetidine también se usa para el tratamiento de la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (GERD, por sus siglas en inglés), ... Cimetidine es una medicina para reducir el ácido estomacal que se usa para tratar y prevenir ciertos tipos de úlcera estomacal ... Qué es cimetidine?. Cimetidine es una medicina para reducir el ácido estomacal que se usa para tratar y prevenir ciertos tipos ... Cimetidine usualmente se toma con comidas o al acostarse.. Para prevenir la acidez de los alimentos o bebidas, tome cimetidine ...
Cimetidine Hydrochloride reference guide for safe and effective use from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists ( ... Decreased cimetidine absorptionb. Administer 1 hour before or after cimetidine in the fasting state, or 1 hour after cimetidine ... Tagamet (cimetidine tablets, cimetidine hydrochloride liquid, and cimetidine hydrochloride injection) prescribing information. ... Tagamet (cimetidine tablets, cimetidine hydrochloride liquid, and cimetidine hydrochloride injection) prescribing information. ...
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Cimetidine was not mutagenic to and did not cause DNA damage in Salmonella typhimurium or Escherichia coli. Cimetidine ... N-Nitrosocimetidine is rapidly converted to cimetidine in vivo in experimental animals. Cimetidine did not induce single-strand ... There is inadequate evidence for the carcinogenicity of cimetidine in experimental animals. Overall evaluation. Cimetidine is ... CIMETIDINE. (Group 3). For definition of Groups, see Preamble Evaluation. VOL.: 50 (1990) (p. 235) CAS No.: 51481-61-9. ...
Severe diarrehoea due to small intestinal colonisation during cimetidine treatment. Br Med J 1980; 281 :273 ... Severe diarrehoea due to small intestinal colonisation during cimetidine treatment.. Br Med J 1980; 281 doi: https://doi.org/ ...
Find user ratings and reviews for cimetidine oral on WebMD including side effects and drug interactions, medication ... told me to try over counter walmart-Equate cimetidine 200mg. $6.97, 60tabs ( = Tagamet HB 200 ) Have not had a prob. for 9 ... told me to try over counter walmart-Equate cimetidine 200mg. $6.97, 60tabs ( = Tagamet HB 200 ) Have not had a prob. for 9 ... Read user comments about the side effects, benefits, and effectiveness of cimetidine oral. ...
Cimetidine is used to treat stomach and duodenal ulcers, reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus, and Zollinger-Ellison ... Cimetidine is available as a prescription drug and as a... ... Cimetidine is a member of the H-2 blocker (histamine blocker) ... Cimetidine. Drug Information. Cimetidine is a member of the H-2 blocker (histamine blocker) family of drugs that prevents the ... In healthy volunteers, a magnesium hydroxide/aluminum hydroxide antacid, taken with cimetidine, decreased cimetidine absorption ...
Respiratory symptoms related to work in a factory manufacturing cimetidine tablets. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 288 :1418 ... Respiratory symptoms related to work in a factory manufacturing cimetidine tablets.. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 288 doi: ...
Cimetidine, an H-2 antihistamine stimulates prolactin secretion in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1977;45:367-70.PubMedGoogle ... Ascorbic acid Cimetidine Cytochrome P-450 Hydrocortisone Metabolism Steroid hydroxylases This is a preview of subscription ... Cimetidine can bind to cytochrome P-450 covering the active haem group, the cytochrome proves to be of vital importance for ... Cimetidine alters plasma catecholamine levels and cortisol and aldosterone excretion. N Engl J Med 1982;306:1054-9.Google ...
Dexpramipexole and Cimetidine Drug Drug Interaction (DDI). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Cimetidine. Anti-Ulcer Agents. Gastrointestinal Agents. Histamine H2 Antagonists. Histamine Antagonists. Histamine Agents. ... Drug Information available for: Cimetidine Pramipexole dihydrochloride Pramipexole Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center ... 300 mg Dexpramipexole Oral Dose (to be taken in conjunction with multiple doses of Cimetidine at 400 mg per dose) ...
Buy Cimetidine online for as low as $0.14 per tablet from Canadian and international pharmacies. ... Cimetidine Drug Information. * Cimetidine Overview. Cimetidine is used to treat ulcers of the stomach and intestines and ... Cimetidine Misdose. If you miss a dose of Cimetidine, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose ... How to Use Cimetidine. Take Cimetidine by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor. The dosage and length of ...
Cimetidine is used to reduce the pain of ulcer and heartburn or to assist in the healing of ulcers and damage caused by ... 02229717 PMS-CIMETIDINE 200MG TABLET. 02229718 PMS-CIMETIDINE 300MG TABLET. 02229719 PMS-CIMETIDINE 400MG TABLET. 02229720 PMS- ... The usual recommended adult dose of cimetidine ranges from 200 mg twice a day to 600 mg 4 times a day (usually with meals and ... Cimetidine is used to reduce the pain of ulcer and heartburn or to assist in the healing of ulcers and damage caused by ...
Cimetidine is used to reduce the pain of ulcer and heartburn or to assist in the healing of ulcers and damage caused by ... The usual recommended adult dose of cimetidine ranges from 200 mg twice a day to 600 mg 4 times a day (usually with meals and ... Cimetidine is used to reduce the pain of ulcer and heartburn or to assist in the healing of ulcers and damage caused by ... Cimetidine can be taken with or without food.. It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If ...
To the editor: In his review of the clinical uses of cimetidine (1), Freston concludes that although "evidence that cimetidine ... Cimetidine and Antacids DAVID H. FRANKEL, M.D.; MICHAEL O. BLACKSTONE, M.D. ... Cimetidine and Antacids. Ann Intern Med. 1983;98:412-413. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-98-3-412_2 ... that the evidence supporting the combined use of antacids plus cimetidine to prevent rebleeding in peptic ulcer disease is also ...
Chorea and Cimetidine. Ann Intern Med. 1982;96:126. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-96-1-126_2 ... To the editor: Increasingly frequent reports have attributed neurologic complications other than encephalopathy to cimetidine ... Barium swallow had shown a duodenal ulcer 11 months previously; therapy included cimetidine, ... I wish to report a case of chorea apparently caused by cimetidine. ...
Cisapride and cimetidine in the treatment of erosive esophagitis. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android ... cimetidine 1600 mg and cimetidine 800 mg. Improvement in reflux symptoms in the two cisapride groups was not significantly ... cimetidine 1600 mg and cimetidine 800 mg. Improvement in reflux symptoms in the two cisapride groups was not significantly ... CimetidineCisaprideDouble-Blind MethodDrug Administration ScheduleEsophagitis, PepticFemaleGastrointestinal MotilityHumansMale ...
Nine adult patients were treated with 400 mg cimetidine orally twice daily during … ... Cimetidine inhibits the action of vitamin D-hydroxylase (a hepatic mixed-function oxidase) in the rat. Therefore, the ... Effect of cimetidine on hepatic vitamin D metabolism in humans Digestion. 1990;46(2):61-4. doi: 10.1159/000200333. ... Cimetidine inhibits the action of vitamin D-hydroxylase (a hepatic mixed-function oxidase) in the rat. Therefore, the ...
  • citation needed] Following administration of cimetidine, the elimination half-life and area-under-curve of zolmitriptan and its active metabolites were roughly doubled. (wikipedia.org)
  • The administration of cimetidine did not induce a significant change in plasma aldosterone level or in its major controlling factors. (springer.com)
  • Cimetidine is a potent inhibitor of tubular creatinine secretion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freely J, Robertson D, Island DP, Wood AJJ (1982) Cimetidine alters plasma catecholamine levels and cortisol and aldosterone secretion. (springer.com)
  • Cimetidine is a histamine H 2 -receptor ant agonist which rapidly inhibits both basal and stimulated gastric secretion of acid and reduces pepsin output. (pharma-voice.com)
  • In earlier studies, cimetidine was found to protect against acetylsalicylic acid-induced gastric mucosal lesions by a mechanism other than inhibition of gastric acid secretion. (elsevier.com)
  • Cimetidine is an H2-receptor antagonist that inhibits gastric acid secretion. (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • Continuous intravenous cimetidine decreases stress-related upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage without promoting pneumonia. (ac.ir)
  • Cimetidine crosses the placenta to the fetus by simple diffusion (10,11,12,13 and 14). (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • At term, cimetidine crosses the placenta, resulting in a peak mean fetal:maternal ratio of 0.84 at 1.5-2 hours (12). (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • The development of longer-acting H2 receptor antagonists with fewer drug interactions and adverse effects, such as ranitidine and famotidine, decreased the use of cimetidine, and though it is still used, cimetidine is no longer among the more widely used of the H2-receptor antagonists. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because cimetidine doesn't interact well with amlodipine, a high blood pressure drug, or diazepam, which is used to stimulate a cat's appetite, your vet may use famotidine or ranitidine instead. (thenest.com)
  • This class includes Tagamet HB (cimetidine), Pepcid (famotidine) and Zantac (ranitidine). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Omeprazole is more effective than cimetidine in the prevention of recurrence of GERD-associated heartburn and the occurrence of underlying oesophag. (nih.gov)
  • All patients were in symptomatic remission following 4 weeks of omeprazole 20 mg o.d. or cimetidine 400 mg q.d.s. and, if required, a further 4 weeks of omeprazole 20 mg o.d. (nih.gov)
  • Patients were randomized to receive, double-blind, either omeprazole 10 mg o.m. (n = 77) or cimetidine 800 mg nocte (n = 79) for 24 weeks. (nih.gov)
  • Randomized, double-blind comparison of immediate-release omeprazole oral suspension versus intravenous cimetidine for the prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients. (ac.ir)
  • Cimetidine inhibits the renal excretion of metformin and procainamide, resulting in increased circulating levels of these drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This open-label study assesses the single-dose pharmacokinetics of intravenously-administered MNTX in healthy adult male and female subjects in the absence of, and in the presence of, orally-administered cimetidine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Neither dose of cimetidine had any effect on the intestinal lesions. (elsevier.com)
  • Cimetidine, sold under the brand name Tagamet among others, is a histamine H2 receptor antagonist that inhibits stomach acid production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cimetidine is a histamine H 2 -receptor antagonist. (nih.gov)
  • Cimetidine is a histamine H2-receptor antagonist for treatment of ulcus duodeni and ulcus ventriculi. (jrspharma.com)
  • Lafutidine reduced the HCl-evoked expression of c-Fos in the NTS and elevated the intragastric pH following intragastric administration of excess HCl.Further analysis showed that the gastroprotective effect of lafutidine against excess acid was delayed and went in parallel with facilitation of gastric emptying, measured indirectly via gastric volume changes, and a reduction of gastric acidity.The H2 receptor antagonist cimetidine had similar but weaker effects. (nih.gov)
  • The H2 receptor antagonist cimetidine had similar but weaker effects. (nih.gov)
  • Cimetidine increases survival of colorectal cancer patients with high levels of sialyl Lewis-X and sialyl Lewis-A epitope expression on tumour cells. (nih.gov)
  • Effect of cimetidine on cumulative survival rates in the colorectal cancer patients. (nih.gov)
  • There is also a paucity of data on the long-term use of cimetidine in GERD patients. (nih.gov)
  • The survival rates of patients with cimetidine treatment ('Cimetidine') or without cimetidine treatment ('Control') were compared using Kaplan-Meier method. (nih.gov)
  • The effect of cimetidine on the survival of patients was evaluated with regard to the level of sLx and sLa antigens. (nih.gov)
  • The injection-to-delivery intervals in the two patients with no cimetidine in cord blood were prolonged, 435 and 780 minutes. (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • Intermittent intravenous pantoprazole and continuous cimetidine infusion: effect on gastric pH control in critically ill patients at risk of developing stress-related mucosal disease. (ac.ir)
  • Examples of specific interactions include the following: Cimetidine affects the metabolism of methadone, sometimes resulting in higher blood levels and a higher incidence of side effects, and may interact with the antimalarial medication hydroxychloroquine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cimetidine was approved in the United Kingdom in 1976, and was approved in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration for prescriptions in 1979. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kauffman, GL , Foley, K & Grossman, MI 1979, ' Cimetidine Does Not Inhibit Indomethacin-Induced Small Bowel Ulceration in the Rat ', Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine , vol. 161, no. 4, pp. 512-514. (elsevier.com)
  • Cimetidine reduces the absorption of ketoconazole and itraconazole (which require a low pH). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Cimetidine is used to inhibit stomach acid production and is used in the treatment of heartburn and peptic ulcers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your vet is most likely to prescribe cimetidine to prevent your cat developing a stomach or intestinal ulcer. (thenest.com)
  • Effect of lafutidine (30 mg/kg) and cimetidine (10 mg/kg), relative to vehicle, on (A) intragastric acidity and (B) weight of gastric content measured 60 and 120 min after exposure of the stomach to HCl (0.25 M) and expressed as a percentage of the respective values measured immediately after gastric acid loading (0 min). (nih.gov)
  • Cimetidine is available in tablet, liquid and injectable forms. (thenest.com)
  • To evaluate the possible involvement of H 2 -histaminergic receptors, the effect of intravenous injection of 400 mg cimetidine on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system has been evaluated in 10 healthy volunteers. (springer.com)
  • Another group found no effect of cimetidine exposure during gestation and lactation on masculine sexual development, except for an insensitivity of the pituitary gland to androgen regulation, and no effect at all on female pups (9). (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • Cimetidine does have weak antiandrogenic effects in animals, as evidenced by a reduction in the size of testes, prostatic glands, and seminal vesicles (2,3), and in humans, by reports of decreased libido and impotence (4). (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • The present study examined the possibility that cimetidine might protect against the intestinal mucosal injury produced by indomethacin. (elsevier.com)
  • Grossman, Morton I. / Cimetidine Does Not Inhibit Indomethacin-Induced Small Bowel Ulceration in the Rat . (elsevier.com)
  • Adult rats were treated with vehicle, lafutidine (10 - 30 mg/kg) or cimetidine (10 mg/kg), and 30 min later their stomachs were exposed to exogenous HCl (0.25 M). During the period of 2 h post-HCl, intragastric pH, gastric volume, gastric acidity and extent of macroscopic gastric mucosal injury were determined and the activation of neurons in the brainstem was visualized by c-Fos immunocytochemistry. (nih.gov)
  • In lafutidine-treated rats there was a further significant drop of gastric acidity during the period 60 - 120 min post-HCl, a change that was not seen in vehicle- and cimetidine-treated rats (Figure 3B). (nih.gov)
  • Three references, all from the same research group, described the effects on male rats of exposure to cimetidine from gestation up to the time of weaning (5,6 and 7). (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • Cimetidine can also interact with a number of psychoactive medications, including tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, causing increased blood levels of these drugs and the potential of subsequent toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cimetidine has a theoretical but unproven benefit in paracetamol toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transient liver impairment has been described in a newborn exposed to cimetidine at term (17). (myfertilityguide.biz)
  • citation needed] Clinically significant drug interactions with the CYP1A2 substrate theophylline, the CYP2C9 substrate tolbutamide, the CYP2D6 substrate desipramine, and the CYP3A4 substrate triazolam have all been demonstrated with cimetidine, and interactions with other substrates of these enzymes are likely as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of its hormonal effects, cimetidine rarely may cause sexual dysfunction including loss of libido and erectile dysfunction and gynecomastia (0.1-0.2%) in males during long-term treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some evidence suggests cimetidine could be effective in the treatment of common warts, but more rigorous double-blind clinical trials found it to be no more effective than a placebo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cimetidine inhibits ALA synthase activity and hence may have some therapeutic value in preventing and treating acute porphyria attacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cimetidine appears to be very safe in overdose, producing no symptoms even with massive overdoses (e.g., 20 g). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cimetidine is one form of a group of drugs called H-2 blockers. (thenest.com)
  • Cimetidine was one of the first drugs of this type on the market but, according to the Veterinary Drug Handbook, vets use cimetidine less frequently now that other H-2 blockers are available. (thenest.com)