A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.
The stonecrop plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that grow in warm, dry regions. The leaves are thick. The flower clusters are red, yellow, or white.
Infections with protozoa of the phylum CILIOPHORA.
A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
A class of ciliate protozoa. Characteristics include the presence of a well developed oral apparatus and oral cilia being clearly distinct from somatic cilia.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.
Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A kingdom in the domain ARCHAEA comprised of thermoacidophilic, sulfur-dependent organisms. The two orders are SULFOLOBALES and THERMOPROTEALES.
A phylum of unicellular parasitic EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of complex apical organelles generally consisting of a conoid that aids in penetrating host cells, rhoptries that possibly secrete a proteolytic enzyme, and subpellicular microtubules that may be related to motility.
Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
Culture of an isolated organism free from any other associating or contaminating organisms.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.
Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.
Common name for Carassius auratus, a type of carp (CARPS).
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.
A suborder of nematodes characterized by larvae lacking cephalic hooks and a tail that is generally long and pointed.

Unusually high evolutionary rate of the elongation factor 1 alpha genes from the Ciliophora and its impact on the phylogeny of eukaryotes. (1/483)

The elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1 alpha) has become widely employed as a phylogenetic marker for studying eukaryotic evolution. However, a disturbing problem, the artifactual polyphyly of ciliates, is always observed. It has been suggested that the addition of new sequences will help to circumvent this problem. Thus, we have determined 15 new ciliate EF-1 alpha sequences, providing for a more comprehensive taxonomic sampling of this phylum. These sequences have been analyzed together with a representation of eukaryotic sequences using distance-, parsimony-, and likelihood-based phylogenetic methods. Such analyses again failed to recover the monophyly of Ciliophora. A study of the substitution rate showed that ciliate EF-1 alpha genes exhibit a high evolutionary rate, produced in part by an increased number of variable positions. This acceleration could be related to alterations of the accessory functions acquired by this protein, likely to those involving interactions with the cytoskeleton, which is very modified in the Ciliophora. The high evolutionary rate of these sequences leads to an artificial basal emergence of some ciliates in the eukaryotic tree by effecting a long-branch attraction artifact that produces an asymmetric topology for the basal region of the tree. The use of a maximum-likelihood phylogenetic method (which is less sensitive to long-branch attraction) and the addition of sequences to break long branches allow retrieval of more symmetric topologies, which suggests that the asymmetric part of the tree is most likely artifactual. Therefore, the sole reliable part of the tree appears to correspond to the apical symmetric region. These kinds of observations suggest that the general eukaryotic evolution might have consisted of a massive radiation followed by an increase in the evolutionary rates of certain groups that emerge artificially as early branches in the asymmetric base of the tree. Ciliates in the case of the EF-1 alpha genes would offer clear evidence for this hypothesis.  (+info)

Ultrastructure of meiosis-inducing (heterotypic) and non-inducing (homotypic) cell unions in conjugation of Blepharisma. (2/483)

Cells of mating types I and II of Blepharisma japonicum interact with each other and unite in heterotypic (type I-type II) or homotypic (type I-type I, type II-type II) pairs. Heterotypic pairs undergo meiosis and other nuclear changes of conjugation, while homotypic pairs remain united for days without the nuclear changes taking place. We compared cell unions of these two kinds of pairs at the ultrastructural level. In the homotypic union, cell membranes are closely juxtaposed, separated by a distance of about 20 nm. This arrangement is interrupted in some places by vacuoles and small cytoplasmic bridges. Saccule-like structures tend to be more abundant near the united surfaces. Microtubules running at right or slightly obtuse angles with the cell surface (PACM microtubules) are characteristically present at the united region of cells. These structures are very similar to those observed in earlier stages of the heterotypic union. However, in homotypic pairs, cells unite only at the anterior half of the peristome, while in heterotypic pairs cells unite also at the posterior half of the peristome, where the cell membrane totally disappears in later stages. PACM microtubules persist for at least 18 h in homotypic unions, while they disappear within a few hours in heterotypic unions. These differences between the two kinds of cell union are discussed in relation to the initiation mechanism of meiosis and other nuclear changes of conjugation. Similarities between homotypic union and cell junctions in multicellular organisms are also discussed.  (+info)

Dermatitis with invasive ciliated protozoa in dolphins that died during the 1987-1988 Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin morbilliviral epizootic. (3/483)

Dermatitis with intradermal cilated protozoa was identified in 18 of 95 (19%) Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) that died during the 1987-1988 Atlantic-dolphin morbillivirus epizootic. The lesions were characterized by focally extensive suppurative and histiocytic dermatitis and cellulitis with ulceration and variable numbers of dermal and hypodermal ciliates. Vasculitis, thrombosis, and/or intravascular ciliates were rarely present. In one dolphin, there was an associated lymphadenitis with ciliates, and in another, bronchopneumonia with rare intrabronchiolar ciliates. Ten of the dolphins were female, and eight were male. The animals ranged in length from 148 to 260 cm. Eleven were from Virginia, four were from New Jersey, and three were from Florida. In 13 dolphins, results of immunohistochemical and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were positive for morbillivirus infection. Results of immunohistochemical tests were negative in four dolphins that were not also tested with PCR. Results were also negative in one dolphin tested using both methods. Nine dolphins had concomitant bacterial, fungal, and/or other protozoal infections. Fourteen other dolphins with ciliate-associated dermatitis were identified from 414 Atlantic bottlenose dolphin cases (3%) archived at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. The incidence of dermatitis with invasive ciliates is much greater in dolphins that died during the 1987-1988 epizootic.  (+info)

Rumen ciliate protozoal fauna of native sheep, friesian cattle and dromedary camel in Libya. (4/483)

Rumen ciliate species and composition were surveyed on the native sheep, Friesian-cattle and dromedary (one-humped) camels kept in Libya. As a result of survey, 5 genera including 14 species with 5 formae in native sheep, 9 genera including 27 species with 6 formae in Friesian-cattle and 6 genera including 13 species and 7 formae in dromedary camels were identified. All of the ciliate species and their percentage composition detected from the Libyan sheep and cattle in this examination were similar to those found from corresponding animals in the other countries. Libyan camels lacked some peculiar ciliate species found from camels in the other countries, but had many cosmopolitan species common with those in the domestic ruminants, suggesting that ciliate faunae of camel are easily affected by the other domestic ruminants kept together. The ciliate density was estimated as 105/ml in every host species.  (+info)

Factors affecting the uptake and metabolism of soluble carbohydrates by the rumen ciliate Dasytricha ruminantium isolated from ovine rumen contents by filtration. (5/483)

A filtration technique is described whereby metabolically-active suspensions of Dasytricha ruminantium can be isolated from rumen contents with negligible contamination by bacteria or other protozoa. The effects of environmental factors and of the diurnal cycle of the rumen on the uptake and metabolism of soluble carbohydrates by these isolated cells were examined. The principal contribution of the protozoan metabolic end-products to the host ruminant is the supply of lactic, acetic and butyric acids during periods when soluble sugars are in excess.  (+info)

Anti-immunoglobulin antisera used in an ELISA to detect antibodies in barramundi Lates calcarifer to Cryptocaryon irritans. (6/483)

Immunoglobulins (Ig) in serum from barramundi vaccinated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and affinity chromatography using BSA as the ligand. The BSA-binding activity of eluted putative Ig fractions was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before being pooled and characterised by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Double affinity purification did not improve the purity of the Ig preparation compared to single affinity purification. Barramundi Ig were injected into sheep to produce anti-Ig antisera which were assessed in an indirect ELISA as the secondary antibody to detect serum Ig in barramundi vaccinated with Cryptocaryon irritans theronts. Affinity-purified Ig induced a more specific reagent for use as secondary antibody in ELISA than did normal whole-barramundi sera. The heavy (H) chain of barramundi Ig had an apparent molecular weight of 70 kDa while that of the light (L) chain was 27 kDa in SDS-PAGE studies. Under non-reducing conditions 2 putative populations of Ig were identified, at 768 and 210 kDa. The N-terminal sequence of the barramundi Ig H chain showed 78% homology with channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus Ig H chain sequence.  (+info)

Graviresponses of certain ciliates and flagellates. (7/483)

Protozoa are eukaryotic cells and represent suitable model systems to study the mechanisms of gravity perception and signal transduction due to their clear gravity-induced responses (gravitaxis and gravikinesis). Among protists, parallel evolution for graviperception mechanisms have been identified: either sensing by distinct stato-organelles (e.g., the Muller vesicles of the ciliate Loxodes) or by sensing the density difference between the whole cytoplasm and the extracellular medium (as proposed for Paramecium and Euglena). These two models are supported by experiments in density-adjusted media, as the gravitaxis of Loxodes was not affected, whereas the orientation of Paramecium and Euglena was completely disturbed. Both models include the involvement of ion channels in the cell membrane. Diverse experiments gave new information on the mechanism of graviperception in unicellular systems, such as threshold values in the range of 10% of gravity, relaxation of the responses after removal of the stimulus, and no visible adaptation phenomena during exposure to hypergravity or microgravity conditions for up to 12 days.  (+info)

A subtelomeric DNA sequence is required for correct processing of the macronuclear DNA sequences during macronuclear development in the hypotrichous ciliate Stylonychia lemnae. (8/483)

During macronuclear differentiation in ciliated protozoa a series of programed DNA reorganization processes occur. These include the elimination of micronuclear-specific DNA sequences, the specific fragmentation of the genome into small gene-sized DNA molecules, the de novo addition of telomeric sequences to these DNA molecules and the specific amplification of the remaining DNA molecules. Recently we constructed a vector containing the modified micronuclear version of macronuclear destined DNA sequences that was correctly fragmented and telomeres were added de novo after injection into the developing macronucleus. It therefore must contain all the cis- acting sequences required for these processes. We made a series of vectors deleting different sequences from the original vector. It could be shown that at least in the case studied here no micronuclear-specific sequences are required for specific fragmentation of the genome and telomere addition. However, a short subtelomeric sequence at the 3[prime]-end is essential for these processes, whereas no specific cut seems to occur at the 5[prime]-end. In addition, we can show that the processing activity is restricted to a short period of time during macronuclear differentiation and that a preceding transcription is required for correct processing of macronuclear-destined DNA sequences. Possible mechanisms of these processes will be discussed.  (+info)

Isolated macronuclei from the hypotrichous ciliated protozoan Euplotes eurystomus incorporate biotinylated dUTP specifically into the replication band (RB) as detected with immunofluorescence, using rabbit anti-biotin antibodies followed by fluorescein-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG. When gold-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG was used in a preembedded reaction, subsequent immunoelectron microscopic analysis demonstrated that the biotinylated nucleotide appeared more concentrated in the rear zone of the RB, with almost no labeling in the forward zone. It was possible to use the immunofluorescent assay to establish that incorporation of biotinylated dUTP is inhibited by simultaneous addition of N-ethyl maleimide or aphidicolin, and by omission of any one of the other unlabeled dNTPs. In addition, prolonged heat shock of the intact cells, before lysis and in vitro assay, yielded markedly reduced incorporation. Comparison with published data on the in vivo incorporation of [3H]thymidine into ...
Bekijk Stockfoto van Conjugation In Blepharisma Protozoans Blepharisma Are Large Rose Colored Ciliated Protozoans In The Same Family As The Paramecium They Often Feed On Bacteria From Decomposing Vegetable Matter Sem. Ga voor hoogwaardige fotos met een hoge resolutie naar Getty Images.
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Background The hydrogenosomes of the anaerobic ciliate Nyctotherus ovalisshow how mitochondria can evolve into hydrogenosomes because they possess a mitochondrial genome and parts of an...
The ciliate Diploplastron affine is known as a common species of the rumen fauna in cattle and sheep. This protozoon is able to digest cellulose, whereas its amylolytic activity is not well known. The objective of the reported studies was to examine
Stentor. Light microscope footage of ciliate protozoan Stentor sp. foraging. Stentor species are filter-feeding freshwater protozoa which can reach lengths up to 2 millimetres, and are among the largest known unicellular organisms. A ring of prominent cilia surrounds the anterior part of the cell to sweep in food and aid in swimming. Some species live symbiotically with certain species of green algae. After being ingested, the algae live on and continue to photosynthesize, while their host absorbs nutrients they produce, and the algae receive protection and feed on the Stentors metabolic wastes. - Stock Video Clip K005/3562
Stentor. Light microscope footage of ciliate protozoan Stentor sp. foraging. Stentor species are filter-feeding freshwater protozoa which can reach lengths up to 2 millimetres, and are among the largest known unicellular organisms. A ring of prominent cilia surrounds the anterior part of the cell to sweep in food and aid in swimming. Some species live symbiotically with certain species of green algae. After being ingested, the algae live on and continue to photosynthesize, while their host absorbs nutrients they produce, and the algae receive protection and feed on the Stentors metabolic wastes. - Stock Video Clip K005/3564
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1. A method is presented for identifying and estimating the aminoethylphosphonate (ciliatine)-containing phospholipids in a complex mixture. 2. Evidence was obtained that the phospholipids of a pure culture of Entodinium caudatum and a mixed rumen protozoa sample contain diglyceride ciliatine, and a plasmalogen ciliatine was detected in the latter. 3. A ninhydrin-positive sphingolipid was isolated from rumen protozoa. Although chromatographically homogeneous on silica gel it contains two components, which were provisionally identified as ceramide ciliatine and ceramide phosphorylethanolamine. 4. A detailed phospholipid analysis of E. caudatum and rumen protozoa is presented. They contain no phosphatidylserine or cardiolipin, but an unidentified phosphoglyceride containing a zwitterionic amino acid is present.. ...
Hydrogenosomes are organelles that produce ATP and hydrogen, and are found in various unrelated eukaryotes, such as anaerobic flagellates, chytridiomycete fungi and ciliates. Although all of these organelles generate hydrogen, the hydrogenosomes from these organisms are structurally and metabolically quite different, just like mitochondria where large differences also exist. These differences have led to a continuing debate about the evolutionary origin of hydrogenosomes. Here we show that the hydrogenosomes of the anaerobic ciliate Nyctotherus ovalis, which thrives in the hindgut of cockroaches, have retained a rudimentary genome encoding components of a mitochondrial electron transport chain. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that those proteins cluster with their homologues from aerobic ciliates. In addition, several nucleus-encoded components of the mitochondrial proteome, such as pyruvate dehydrogenase and complex II, were identified. The N. ovalis hydrogenosome is sensitive to inhibitors of
Suspensions of Blepharisma intermedium were fed latex particles for 5 min and then were separated from the particles by filtration. Samples were fixed at intervals after separation and incubated to demonstrate acid phosphatase activity. They were subsequently embedded and sectioned for electron microscopy. During formation of the food vacuole, the vacuolar membrane is acid phosphatase-negative. Within 5 min, dumbbell-shaped acid phosphatase-positive bodies, possibly derived from the the acid phosphatase-positive Golgi apparatus, apparently fuse with the food vacuole and render it acid phosphatase-positive. A larger type of acid phosphatase-positive, vacuolated body may also fuse with the food vacuole at later stages. At about 20 min after formation, acid phosphatase-positive secondary pinocytotic vesicles pinch off from the food vacuoles and approach a separate system of membrane-bounded spaces. By 1 hr after formation, the food vacuole becomes acid phosphatase-negative, and the undigested latex ...
Target analysis is performed on previously published transient absorption spectra of the 200-kDa oxyblepharismin-binding protein (OBIP) thought to trigger the photophobic response of the ciliate Blepharisma japonicum. The OBIP sample is considered as heterogeneous and made of two distinct classes of chromophoreprotein complexes. A so-called nonreactive class is seen to be comparable to free oxyblepharismin in organic solution. Another, reactive, class is shown to undergo a fast picosecond photocycle involving the formation in 4 ps of an intermediate state noted Y1. The spectrum associated to Y1 bears striking similarities with that of the oxyblepharismin radical cation. This element favors the hypothesis that an excited-state intermolecular electron-transfer could be the primary step of the sensory transduction chain of B. japonicum. Proton release is also considered as a possible secondary step. These possibilities support the idea that reactive OBIP functions like an electron or proton pump. ...
Background:. Characterizing genome-scale data from diverse eukaryotes is essential for gene discovery and for inferring major transitions across the eukaryotic tree of life. Yet, the bulk of eukaryotic diversity remains undersampled, particularly for free-living microbial lineages. Analysis of transcriptome data generated from high throughput (e.g. 454) sequencing of mRNAs provides an efficient way to characterize genes from diverse eukaryotes.. Results:. Here we report analyses of RNA-Seq data from the rhizarian net-like amoeba Corallomyxa tenera, the ciliate Chilodonella uncinata and a recently-described genus representing a novel major clade of eukaryotes, Subulatomonas tetraspora. We generated 16,983, 11,529 and 10,630 contigs plus single reads for these taxa respectively. Given that these organisms cannot be cultured axenically, we developed custom scripts to remove bacterial contaminants through an iterative BLAST based protocol and we then identified expressed genes using BLAST2GO [1;2]. ...
Chilodonella - Killer Don as referred originally by Dr. Jack Gratzek - this is the one that kills so many fish so fast in the Springtime. Treats easily with, salt. I have never seen an exception. Clears almost overnight, so salting save the lot of fish. Salt levels of 0.3% tend to be quickly curative. Id recommend looking at the salt article in order to do it right.. Chilodinella is one of the hottest fish killers there is. ...
All rumen ciliates whether grown in vivo or in vitro contain bacteria in vesicles in their endoplasm and attached to the outside of the pellicle. However studies in the electron microscope show that...
In animals, sex pheromones indicate the availability of the female for breeding. Male animals may also emit pheromones that convey information about their species and genotype.. At the microscopic level, a number of bacterial species (e.g. Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Bacillus cereus) release specific chemicals into the surrounding media to induce the competent state in neighboring bacteria.[18] Competence is a physiological state that allows bacterial cells to take up DNA from other cells and incorporate this DNA into their own genome, a sexual process called transformation.. Among eukaryotic microorganisms, pheromones promote sexual interaction in numerous species.[19] These species include the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the filamentous fungi Neurospora crassa and Mucor mucedo, the water mold Achlya ambisexualis, the aquatic fungus Allomyces macrogynus, the slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum, the ciliate protozoan Blepharisma japonicum and the multicellular green algae ...
View Stock Photo of The Ciliate Protozoan Oxytrichia Reproducing By Fission Sem. Find premium, high-resolution photos at Getty Images.
Euplotes sp. (eurystomus ?) is a hypotrich. This ciliate has a few rows of dorsal cilia as well as specialized clumps of cilia called cirri on its ventral side and a complex of membranelles involved in feeding called the adoral zone of membranelles. The cell is flattened dorso-ventrally. This electron micrograph is a longitudinal section dividing dorsal from ventral parts of the cell and exposing the oral cavity, the thread-like macronucleus, the extended contractile vacuole, contractile vacuole pore, and a large assortment of food vacuoles many of which contained material that was lost during sectioning leaving holes in the section. The cytopharynx and nascent food vacuole along with the discoidal (pharyngeal) vesicles are also seen. TEM taken on 8/3/67 by R. Allen with Philips 200 operating at 60kV. Neg. 1,370X. Bar = 5ݏ. Standard glutaraldehyde fixation followed by osmium tetroxide, dehydrated in alcohol, and embedded in an epoxy resin. Microtome sections prepared at approximately 75nm ...
Koprowski P., Grajkowski W., Kubalski A. (2007) The MscS cytoplasmic domain and its conformational changes on the channel gating. Curr. Topics in Membranes, vol. 58. Mechanosensitive ion channels. Part A. Owen P. Hamill, ed., 295-309.. Pomorski P., Krzemiński. P., Wasik A., Wierzbicka K., Barańska J., Kłopocka W. (2007) Actin dynamics in Amoeba proteus motility. Protoplasma 231: 31-41. Fabczak H., Fabczak S. (2006) Photosensory transduction in unicellular eukaryotes. A comparison between ciliate protists and photoreceptor cells of higher organisms (Invited review). J.Photochem. Photobiol. 83: 163-171 Sobierajska K., Fabczak H., Fabczak S. (2005) Alterations of ciliate phosducin phosphorylation in Blepharisma japonicum cells. J. Phorochem. Photobiol. B. 79: 135-143. Grajkowski W., Kubalski A., Koprowski P. (2005) Surface changes of the mechanosensitive channel MscS upon its activation, inactivation and closing. Biophys. J. 88: 3050-3059 ...
Protists are a large group of diverse eukaryotic microorganisms, mainly unicellular animals and plants, that do not form tissues. Eukaryotes emerged in evolution more than 1.5 billion years ago.[6] The earliest eukaryotes were likely protists. Mating and sexual reproduction are widespread among extant eukaryotes including protists such as Paramecium and Chlamydomonas. In many eukaryotic species, mating is promoted by sex pheromones including the protist Blepharisma japonicum. Based on a phylogenetic analysis, Dacks and Roger[7] proposed that facultative sex was present in the common ancestor of all eukaryotes. However, to many biologists it seemed unlikely until recently, that mating and sex could be a primordial and fundamental characteristic of eukaryotes. A principal reason for this view was that mating and sex appeared to be lacking in certain pathogenic protists whose ancestors branched off early from the eukaryotic family tree. However, several of these protists are now known to be capable ...
This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Zhang, Xiumei, Ji, Daode, Zhang, Qianqian, Li, Chenghua (2015): Description and phylogeny of a new prostomatid, Metacystis similis nov. spec. (Protista, Ciliophora) from the East China Sea. Zootaxa 4033 (4): 584-592, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4033.4.8 ...
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A large pink colored ciliate. This culture contains sufficient material for a class of 30 students. 2 oz. jar. To simplify ordering we provide our protozoan and algae cultures, and …
Small organisms or particles are tossed about by the currents created by the beating cilia of a feeding Stentor; under phase contrast illumination at a magnification of 100x.
Beating cilia create currents that draw food into this Stentors mouth; under phase contrast illumination at a magnification of 100x.
Zoological Science publishes articles, reviews and editorials that cover the broad and increasingly interdisciplinary field of zoology.
IV. Publications. Tintinnids. Bachy, C., Gomez, F., Lopez-Garcia, P., Dolan, J.R., Moreira, D. 2012. Molecular phylogeny of Tintinnid Ciliates (Tintinnida, Ciliophora). Protist, 6:873-887. PDF. Bachy, C., Dolan, J.R., López-García, P., Deschamps, P., Moreira, D. 2013. Accuracy of protist diversity assessments: morphology compared to cloning and direct pyrosequencing of 18S rRNA genes and ITS regions using the conspicuous tintinnid ciliates as a case study. ISME Journal 7:244-255 . PDF Bachy, C., Morira, D., Dolan, J.R., Lopez-Garcia, P. 2014. Seasonal dynamics of free-living tintinnid ciliate communities revealezs by environmental sequences from the North-West Mediterranean Sea. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 87:330-342. PDF Dolan, J.R. 2010. Morphology and ecology in tintinnid ciliates of the marine plankton: correlates of lorica dimensions. Acta Protozoologica, 49: 235-244. PDF. Dolan, J.R. 2012. Tintinntinid Ciliates: an Introduction and Overview. in Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates: ...
High resolution image of longitudinal section of somatic cilia showing the axoneme, basal body, and attached fibrous and microtubular elements. Adjace...
A single culture containing the following three organisms: Stentor (blue), Blepharisma (pink), Paramecium bursaria (green). This culture contains sufficient material for a class of …
Formalin & Malachite Green (such as Rid-Ich, Quick Cure) Effective in the control of many diseases of freshwater fish caused by external parasites such as white spot disease, Ichthyophthirius, Costia, Trichodina, Chilodonella and saltwater external parasites such as Cryptocaryon and Amyloodinium. The medication can also treat fungal infections in fishes. It can affect the filter bed and be easily removed with activated carbon. Tank lights should be turned off during treatment.
Rapid Relief of Ich and Parasitic Diseases MICROBE-LIFT/Ich-Out is the safest and most effective treatment for ich and many other protozoan-caused diseases in pond fish e g the diseases caused by Ichthyophthirius Cryptocaryon Costia Chilodonella Oodinium and Amyloodinium
article{cf7cf32f-d684-467a-8881-52c1eb20b3ba, abstract = {The relationships among cellular nutrient status, environmental conditions (temperature and nutrient availability), and cyst production were studied in batch cultures of three cold-water dinoflagellates (Scrippsiella hangoei, Gymnodinium corollarium, and Woloszynskia halophila) isolated from the Baltic Sea. We tested the effect of increasing temperature while providing nutrient-replete conditions as well as the effect of ambient nutrient (N, P) deficiency. The results revealed different encystment cues and patterns in the three species. While depletion of ambient nitrogen and subsequent internal N stress were the primary factors behind cyst production of G. corollarium, higher temperature led to substantial encystment of S. hangoei and W. halophila without a direct link to cellular nutrient physiology. In W. halophila, N limitation induced a transition of the population to small cells presumably representing gametes, but this process was ...
The ciliate protozoa, Stentor and Paramecium, have been reported to escape from the bottom end of narrow capillary tubes into a larger volume of medium with increasing rapidity over the course of trials. This change in behavior has been considered an apparent example of associative learning. This decrease in escape time is not due to a change in the protozoas environment, their swimming speed, frequency of ciliary reversals, or the proportion of time spent forward or backward swimming. Instead, most of the decrease results from a decrease in the proportion of time spent in upward swimming. However, a similar decrease in upward swimming occurs when the task is altered to require escape from the upper end of the capillary tubes. Because the protozoa exhibit the same change in behavior regardless of the reinforcing stimulus, tube-escape learning is not associative learning ...
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Morphological changes in the macronucleus and micronuclei of the ciliated protozoon Heliophrya chapmani were investigated using the nucleic acid-specific stain propidium iodide. The fluorescence patterns of nuclei observed in propidium iodide prepara
Oral Development and Histology - An updated classic text for all dental students and practitioners br Praise for the Previous Edition br The authors are (EAN:9783131001931)
Summarises the morphology, fauna and ecology of Gonostomatidae and Kahliellidae Includes material on 68 species distributed in 21 genera and revised
additional source Coats, D.W.; Clamp, J.C. (2009). Ciliated Protists (Ciliophora) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 57-79 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/6nLK0Y [details] ...
The cell cortex (or pellicle) of Tetrahymena is composed of three closely associated layers: the cell membrane, the alveolar sacs, and the epiplasm. The epiplasm is the innermost layer of the cortex and is thought to ...
During macronuclear development in hypotrichous ciliated protozoans, several thousand macronuclear DNA molecules are amplified several-hundred fold. We investigated the regulation of this amplification by determining the copy numbers of three different macronuclear DNA molecules in the hypotrichous ciliate Euplotes crassus. Two of the macronuclear DNA molecules were present in approximately 1,000 copies per cell, while the third was present in approximately 6,500 copies per cell. These reiteration levels were achieved either during macronuclear development, or shortly thereafter, and were maintained during vegetative growth. The most abundant macronuclear DNA molecule is present as a single-copy sequence in the micronuclear genome. Thus, its high copy number results from differential amplification. These results indicate that DNA amplification during macronuclear development is regulated individually for each macronuclear DNA molecule.
Telomeric guanine-quadruplex DNA has been shown to form in vitro under physiological conditions (6-8). It has been suggested that this structure plays an important role in vivo in the protection of telomeric ends, and attempts have been made to use the guanine-quadruplex structure as a target for cancer therapy (12). However, until now, to the best of our knowledge, no experimental data exist that this structure actually occurs in the eukaryotic cell. We therefore decided to generate in vitro specific antibodies against the Oxytricha/Stylonychia telomeric guanine-quadruplex structure in the parallel conformation, using a synthetic antibody library and a cell-free selection and evolution system. The selected antibodies were applied for in situ localization of quadruplex DNA in the nuclei of the ciliated protozoan S. lemnae.. We selected our scFvs in vitro from a large synthetic library by ribosome display in six selection cycles. In RIA control experiments with a variety of competitors, we ...
I cannot answer these questions for you, but it is my opinion that it is inappropriate to do nothing. I would hope for acquired or innate natural immunity to kick in when used with other less aggressive but pro-active treatments, such as using biological cleaners, medicated foods, UV, ozone, and garlic. Although I clearly dont believe this shotgun approach of unproven treatments is the most effective option available. For me, if you gamble with un-quarantined items and infect your tank, it is best to bite the bullet, remove all the fishes to a separate quarantine aquarium, fallow the tank, and use a proven treatment.. Treatment Option 6: Freshwater Dips. Freshwater dips are a highly effective form of treatment against a wide variety of parasites, although their use against Cryptocaryon irritans has been questioned (Colorni, 1985). I am including them here because I still choose to employ them, as I believe they have at least some effect against Ich and because they have been proven effective ...
TELOMERASE RNA LOCALIZED IN THE REPLICATION BAND AND SPHERICAL SUBNUCLEAR ORGANELLES IN HYPOTRICHOUS CILIATES Journal Article ...
Freeze fracture of Vorticella microstoma. This cell had been placed in a relaxing medium of saturated sodium pyrophosphate plus 0.01M EDTA (Stain Tech...
Chilodonella cyprini and Ch. hexasticha were described in the first decade of twentieth century. Ch. hexasticha has been reported from Former USSR, Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the USA (Kiernik 1909; Prost 1952; Kazubski and Migala 1974; Lom et al. 1976; Wierzbicka 1997). However, descriptions of Ch. cyprini and Ch. hexasticha were not precise due to imperfect methods of study used at that time, so the distinctness of both species was questioned, before Kazubski and Migala (1974) described Ch. cyprini and Ch. hexasticha in detail and expounded the differences between them. There are differences between Ch. cyprini and Ch. hex- asticha by Kazubski and Migala: (1) These species differ mainly by the number of kineties, which is larger in Ch. cyprini and smaller in Ch. hexasticha. (2) The differences concern the arrangement of kineties. In Ch. cyprini, the kineties are close one to the other, lying in nearly equal distances, while in Ch. hexasticha the kineties are loosely arranged and the ...
ID J9IB24_9SPIT Unreviewed; 1230 AA. AC J9IB24; DT 31-OCT-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 31-OCT-2012, sequence version 1. DT 22-NOV-2017, entry version 19. DE SubName: Full=Serine/Threonine protein kinase {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EJY71208.1}; GN ORFNames=OXYTRI_07921 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EJY71208.1}; OS Oxytricha trifallax. OC Eukaryota; Alveolata; Ciliophora; Intramacronucleata; Spirotrichea; OC Stichotrichia; Sporadotrichida; Oxytrichidae; Oxytrichinae; Oxytricha. OX NCBI_TaxID=1172189 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EJY71208.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000006077}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EJY71208.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000006077} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=SB310 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000006077}; RX PubMed=23382650; DOI=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001473; RA Swart E.C., Bracht J.R., Magrini V., Minx P., Chen X., Zhou Y., RA Khurana J.S., Goldman A.D., Nowacki M., Schotanus K., Jung S., RA Fulton R.S., Ly A., McGrath S., Haub K., Wiggins J.L., Storton D., RA Matese J.C., ...
Marian Blanca Ramírez from the CSIC in Spain has been studying the effects of LRRK2, a protein associated with Parkinsons disease, on cell motility. A Travelling Fellowship from Journal of Cell Science allowed her to spend time in Prof Maddy Parsons lab at Kings College London, learning new cell migration assays and analysing fibroblasts cultured from individuals with Parkinsons. Read more on her story here. Where could your research take you? The deadline to apply for the current round of Travelling Fellowships is 30 Nov 2017. Apply now!. ...
Lasos LGK 7812 ML3 Argon Laser 500mW Output 450-530nm Wave Length - Here is a Lasos LGK 7812 ML3 Argon Laser 500mW Output 450-530nm Wave LengthMade in 2007New pricePredecessor to:N/ACondition:This Lasos Carl Zeiss 10 D-07745 JENA Argon Laser is in good ov
Phytoplankton have adapted to survive in the variable and heterogeneous environment that is characteristic of lakes in temperate regions. One strategy for survival during periods unfavorable for growth is to form resting propagules. Dinoflagellates are bloom-forming phytoplankton which have the ability to form resistant and long-lived resting cysts. The role of cysts in the ecology and life history of dinoflagellates was investigated in this thesis. First, it was tested whether cysts have the ability to assimilate phosphorus (P) during dormancy, which could improve the survival of newly germinated cells when returning to the water column. Secondly, the role of resting cysts in regulating the seasonal succession of dinoflagellates in Lake Erken was examined. Also. biotic and abiotic factorscontrolling the timing of germination were tested.. Cysts of the marine dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea which were incubated in P enriched medium attained a P content twice that of cysts incubated in P ...
Trichostomatida (subphylum Ciliophora, class Ciliatea) An order of ciliate protozoa that are characterized by the structure of the cytostome region, where there is a ciliated depression leading into a
Protein sequence set(s) filename and optional format (output USA) Additional (Optional) qualifiers: -table menu [0] Code to use (Values: 0 (Standard); 1 (Standard (with alternative initiation codons)); 2 (Vertebrate Mitochondrial); 3 (Yeast Mitochondrial); 4 (Mold, Protozoan, Coelenterate Mitochondrial and Mycoplasma/Spiroplasma); 5 (Invertebrate Mitochondrial); 6 (Ciliate Macronuclear and Dasycladacean); 9 (Echinoderm Mitochondrial); 10 (Euplotid Nuclear); 11 (Bacterial); 12 (Alternative Yeast Nuclear); 13 (Ascidian Mitochondrial); 14 (Flatworm Mitochondrial); 15 (Blepharisma Macronuclear); 16 (Chlorophycean Mitochondrial); 21 (Trematode Mitochondrial); 22 (Scenedesmus obliquus); 23 (Thraustochytrium Mitochondrial)) -minsize integer [30] Minimum nucleotide size of ORF to report (Any integer value) -maxsize integer [1000000] Maximum nucleotide size of ORF to report (Any integer value) -find menu [0] This is a small menu of possible output options. The first four options are to select either the ...
Protein sequence set(s) filename and optional format (output USA) Additional (Optional) qualifiers: -frame menu [1] Frame(s) to translate (Values: 1 (1); 2 (2); 3 (3); F (Forward three frames); -1 (-1); -2 (-2); -3 (-3); R (Reverse three frames); 6 (All six frames)) -table menu [0] Code to use (Values: 0 (Standard); 1 (Standard (with alternative initiation codons)); 2 (Vertebrate Mitochondrial); 3 (Yeast Mitochondrial); 4 (Mold, Protozoan, Coelenterate Mitochondrial and Mycoplasma/Spiroplasma); 5 (Invertebrate Mitochondrial); 6 (Ciliate Macronuclear and Dasycladacean); 9 (Echinoderm Mitochondrial); 10 (Euplotid Nuclear); 11 (Bacterial); 12 (Alternative Yeast Nuclear); 13 (Ascidian Mitochondrial); 14 (Flatworm Mitochondrial); 15 (Blepharisma Macronuclear); 16 (Chlorophycean Mitochondrial); 21 (Trematode Mitochondrial); 22 (Scenedesmus obliquus); 23 (Thraustochytrium Mitochondrial)) -regions range [Whole sequence] Regions to translate. If this is left blank, then the complete sequence is ...
Vorticella are members of the Protista kingdom. They are often found in stagnant pools, attached to the stems of aquatic plants.. ...
MICROBE-LIFT/Broad Spectrum Disease Treatment - 16 Oz. Use for diseases caused by Ichthyophthirius (Ich), Chilodonella, Costia, Oodinium, Trichodina and fungal infections Formulated with Malachite Green & Formalin MICROBE-LIFT/Broad Spectrum Disease Treatment is the pre-eminent broad spectrum malachite green and fo
TY - JOUR. T1 - Photoactivated inhibition of superoxide generation and protein kinase C activity in neutrophils by blepharismin, a protozoan photodynamically active pigment. AU - Watanabe, Yoshiya. AU - E-ige, Keisuke. AU - Kobuchi, Hirotsugu. AU - Kato, Yoji. AU - Matsuoka, Tatsuomi. AU - Utsumi, Toshihiko. AU - Yoshioka, Tamotsu. AU - Horton, Alan A.. AU - Utsumi, Kozo. PY - 1995/2/14. Y1 - 1995/2/14. N2 - Blepharismin is an endogenous photosensitizing pigment found in the protozoan Blepharisma. This pigment inhibited the generation of Superoxide anion (O2-) in neutrophils not only via a diacylglycerol-induced protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent reaction but also by an arachidonate-induced PKC-independent reaction. The inhibition was light and concentration dependent for both reactions. Light-activated inhibition was strong at wavelengths between 520 and 570nm but not above 610nm. PKC activity in neutrophils and from rat brain was inhibited by blepharismin in a light- and concentration dependent ...
Cloverleaf Malachite Answer for use when troubled by persistent problems of fungus also for protozoan parasites such as white spot, tricodina, chilodonella and
This disinfecting agent contains acridine dye which eliminates parasitic infections such as Costia Sp. or Chilodonella Sp., and infections caused by mould fungi. It also impedes the growth of algae and has an antibacterial effect. As it is born very well by a clear majority of aquarium fish, it is very popular among aquarists.. In small concentrations it is suitable for the treatment of spawn during its growth. We remind professional aquarists that the use of this agent must be well coordinated with the pH of the growth water and with the light intensity (brood tanks are usually shaded in order to reduce it).. It is highly effective at treating skin and bacterial infections, especially if the treated fish can tolerate a substantial (but individual) addition of salt.. It may be used in decorative tanks (for example of the Dutch type), but only in the case of long-term treatment which usually suspends the growth of plants but does not kill them. Plants could be killed in case of intensive ...
The contractile vacuole, an organelle used by many protists for osmoregulation of water and some ions, such as calcium, is connected to the cell surfa...
The infraciliary lattice in this quick-freeze deep-etched image consists of a meshwork of branching fibers composed of many subfibers. Basal bodies an...
Secondary lysosomes in quick-freeze deep-etch images lie against the smooth E-face of a phagoacidosome (DV-II) membrane. The P-fracture face of one fa...
Euplotes crassus transfection using FuGene HD Transfection Reagent as vehicle (provisional) protocol (method) by Rachele Cesaroni
Large numbers elicit no obvious host-response and attachment to the gills, mantle cavity or esophageal pouch epithelium appears to be superficial. Some populations of Mantoscyphidia sp. in abalone had attached ectosymbiotic ellobiophryid ciliates with no apparent adverse affects to the host ciliate or abalone (H. midae and H. spadicea) (Botes et al. 1998). Ciliates similar in morphology to Mantoscyphidia sp. were observed in the esophageal pouches of cultured juvenile H. kamtschatkana held in tanks for several months with an inadequate supply of food in British Columbia, Canada. Caceres-Martinez and Tinoco-Orta (2001) suggested that the ciliates in the esophageal pouches of cultured H. rufescens in Baja California may be commensal symbionts because prevalence and total numbers were similar in healthy and moribund abalone but indicated that further studies are required to determine the nature of the symbiosis.. ...
There are mainly three types of skin cancer namely: 1.BASAL-CELL CARINOMA 2.SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA 3.MELANOMA The malignancies of the skin remain restricted in the epidermis, mostly due to invisible ultraviolet rays emitted by the sun. The ozone gas present in the air absorb most of the suns radiation, so that only a small percentage of ultraviolet radiation of longest wave length (UVA) and ultraviolet radiation of shortest wave length (DYB) reaches the earths surface. The UVB rays are known to burn the skin more easily and have cancer-causing potential. The disease usually occurs as a small, pearly bump on the face, neck, hands or the nose. If left untreated, the basel-cell carcinomas can crust, bleed or ulcerate. These tumors take months or years to grow_ to half an inch in diameter. They root under the skin, causing disfigurement and damage underlying bone, cartilage and muscle. It has a cure rate of better than ninety-nine per cent if detected early. A dermatologist (a physician ...
It is a technology that produces the hydrogen gases by using only the microorganism and sunlight from the wastewater to be at a loss because of processing. And, the produced hydrogen uses the fuel cell and is used to generate electricity. Because this technology doesnt use the organic matter that becomes food, and use the organic matter included in waste, clean power generation is possible. We researched the improvement of the hydrogen gas production efficiency. The purple non-sulfur photosynthesis bacillus was purely cultured, the substrate dependency was clarified, and the best substrate dosage was decided. Moreover, it was shown that the light wave length conversion net was effective for the hydrogen gas production efficiency improvement. On the other hand, a too strong light intensity showed becoming the growth obstruction of phototropic bacteria. When the light intensity for the photosynthesis is insufficient, the light wave length conversion net can support this. On the other hand,
Todays solar cells capture about 15 percent of the suns light. The reason why more is not absorbed is that only visible sun light is captured, says Senior Research Scientist Arne Røyset. The conventional way of thinking is that the solar cells shall adapt themselves to the light. We have chosen to reverse the problem and also work on the sun light adapting itself to the solar cells.. Humans can see light in the spectrum from 400 to 700 nanometres. Ordinary solar cells capture light right up to 1000 nanometres but, in spite of this, much of the light escapes. Sunlight has a specific wave length and quantity of energy. By combining two and two particles, the quantity of energy doubles, while the wave length halves. The thin film is placed on the outside of the solar cells and it is the optical properties that make this possible, says Røyset. By halving the wavelength, invisible light becomes visible and, as a result, it is captured by sun cells. We call this frequency conversion or light ...
This laser ranks up there with the invention of the automobile, the discovery of penicillin and the polio vaccine. It is truly capable of change that seems unbelievable unless you have felt the change or seen the change! There are several reasons we use this specific laser: (1) its power output is only 1/200th of a WATT where in biological terms, the lower the power the greater the benefit; (2) it is one of the only TRUE lasers around with a wave length of 635 nanometers (a nanometer is a billionth of a meter) which has been proven in all of the scientific studies to be the wave length that is most effective and least harmful to the cell, and (3) the massive research and FDA Clearance has demonstrated the safety of this laser in that there has never been a recorded negative side effect of any kind in hundreds of studies. This laser has had a profound effect on the ideas we held about Rolfing. It has totally changed the landscape of this profession because it has now been demonstrated that what ...
These bell-shaped ciliates live in fresh or salt water attached by a slender stalk to aquatic plants, surface scum, submerged objects, or aquatic animals.
We make up Protargol S solution immediately before use. It takes about 20 minutes or so to dissolve. We just sprinkle it on top of the water and let it dissolve on its own. Then we add the copper shot. Its only used once. I have never tried to reuse the solution. I hope this helps. ...
Citation. Coyne RS, Lhuillier-Akakpo M, Duharcourt S. RNA-guided DNA Rearrangements In Ciliates: Is the Best Genome Defence a Good Offence?. Biology of the Cell / Under the Auspices of the European Cell Biology Organization. 2012 Jun 01; 104: 309-25.. External Citation. Abstract. Genomes, like crazy patchwork quilts, are stitched together over evolutionary time from diverse elements, including some unwelcome invaders. To deal with parasitic mobile elements, most eukaryotes employ a genome self-defensive manoeuvre to recognise and silence such elements by homology-dependent interactions with RNA-protein complexes that alter chromatin. Ciliated protozoa employ more offensive tactics by actually unstitching and reassembling their somatic genomes at every sexual generation to eliminate transposons and their remnants, using as patterns the maternal genomes that were rearranged in the previous cycle. Genetic and genomic studies of the distant relatives Paramecium and Tetrahymena have begun to reveal ...
View Notes - 212_Enger-2011-09-23-stdt from BIOLOGY 212 at Iowa State. trahymena thermophila, a ciliated protist Carol Greider and others have since shown that overexpression of TERT in human cells
spasmin: from spasmoneme organ of ciliated protozoa; do not confuse with spasman combination, a combination of methphenamine & trihexyphenidyl
Whole genome sequencing analyses are providing compelling evidence that pro- and eukaryote microbes, like multicellular organisms, have their life threatened by parasitic attacks. Bacteria and Archea face invading viral nucleic acids with an inheritable DNA-encoded immunity (known as the CRISPR-Cas system) that recognizes foreign DNA from self DNA. In eukaryotic microbes that are exposed to invasions from both bacteria and viruses, bacteria are promptly made harmless either by digestion into food vacuoles, or by domestication as symbionts. But the defence from viral attacks is much less effective. Foreign viral sequences can randomly insert into the cell genome, and may disrupt or deactivate vital genes. To fight this threat, ciliates rely on a unique model of inheritable genomic immune mechanism based on the evolution of two genomes, a germ-line one lying in the cell micronucleus and a somatic one lying in the macronucleus. The germ-line genome characterized by an orthodox chromosomic ...
Booyse, Dirk and Dehority, Burk A. Rumen protozoa in South African sheep with a summary of the worldwide distribution of sheep protozoa. Onderstepoort j. vet. res., 2011, vol.78, no.1, p.1-7. ISSN 0030- ...
According to the University of California in Santa Barbara, the main difference between protista and fungi is that fungi need aerobic respiration to survive, whereas protists are able to live in an...
A slum, Cato Manor, and a municipal housing scheme, Chesterville, have been surveyed for intestinal parasites. The immediate effect of better conditions is not seen on the protozoal populations, but the metazoa are markedly affected.
Modes: Fluorescence, Phosphorescence and Bio-and Chemiluminescence. Pulse Xenon Lamp reduces photo bleaching for long-lived excitation. Includes FL WinLab, single cell holder and semi-micro cuvettes. Wave Length from 200 nm to 800 nm and UV/Vis technology type. One-Year Manufacturer Warranty.
A. Identify compound like morphine, quinine, riboflavin which produced fluroscence.. B. Flourescent indicator. C. Identify drug because specific drug have specific wave length radiation is emitted.. ...
Help meet your little ones essential soothing needs around the clock with the Philips Avent Classic pacifier. Available in a range of colors, our orthodontic collapsible nipple respects your babys natural oral development.
Help meet your little ones essential soothing needs around the clock with the Philips Avent Classic pacifier. Available in a range of colors, our orthodontic collapsible nipple respects your babys natural oral development.
Help meet your little ones essential soothing needs around the clock with the Philips Avent Classic pacifier. Available in a range of colors, our orthodontic collapsible nipple respects your babys natural oral development.
The Protista Kingdom contains all organisms that cannot be classified as fungi, true plants or animals. The range and variety of organisms in this kingdom is huge! Some protists are more closely related to plants, fungi, or animals than they are to other protists. Biologists cannot agree on how to classify these organisms, and some scientists have now split the Protista Kingdom into as many as 20 different kingdoms. The term protist is still used as a convenient way to refer to eukaryotes that are neither plants, animals, or fungi ...
Lynn, D.H. (2001). "Ciliophora". Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi:10.1038/npg.els.0004264. Ruppert, E ...
Ciliophora, Apostomatida)". European Journal of Protistology. 48 (3): 207-214. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2011.11.005. ...
Part 1. Ciliophora: Kinetofragminophora. = Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series), ed. by D. M. KERMACK and R. S. K. BARNES ... Berger, Helmut (2012). "B Systematic Section Stylonchinae". Monograph of the Oxytrichidae (Ciliophora, Hypotrichia). ...
"The catalogue of life". Foissner, Wilhelm (1993). Colpodea (Ciliophora). Stuttgart, New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag. pp. 84, ... Foissner, Wilhelm (1980). Colpodide Ciliaten (Protozoa: Ciliophora). Zool. Jb. Syst., 107. pp. 391-432. Gellért, J. (1942). ...
Ciliophora, Oligotrichia)". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63: 1179-1191. doi:10.1099/ijs. ... Ciliophora, Oligotrichia) from southern China". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63: 4805-17 ...
Protozoa: Ciliophora: Peritrichia)". Systematic Parasitology. 69 (1): 1-11. doi:10.1007/s11230-007-9094-6. ISSN 0165-5752. PMID ... "A new species of Trichodina (Ciliophora: Peritricha) from a limnocnidid medusa in the Zambezi system". South African Journal of ...
It includes nine species: WoRMS (2009). "Plagiopylidae". World Ciliophora Database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved ... WoRMS (2009). "Plagiopyla Stein, 1860". World Ciliophora Database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved June 1, 2010. ... Ciliophora, Odontostomatida) is a member of the Plagyopylea". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 54 (5): 436-442. doi:10.1111/ ...
subgen.) chlorelligerum Kahl (Ciliophora)". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 59: 548-563. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2012.00638 ... of the phylum Ciliophora. Paramecia were among the first ciliates to be seen by microscopists, in the late 17th century. They ...
Ciliophora, Karyorelictea), a highly specialized taxon represented by Wilbertomorpha colpoda gen. nov., spec. nov". The Journal ... Foissner, Wilhelm (1998). "The karyorelictids (Protozoa: Ciliophora), a unique and enigmatic assemblage of marine, interstitial ... Ciliophora)". Zoologica Scripta. 38 (6): 651-662. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00395.x. Xu, Yuan; Li, Jiamei; Song, Weibo; ... World Ciliophora Database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved July 21, 2010. Lynn, Denis (2008-06-24). The Ciliated ...
Alan Warren (2010). "Chonotrichia". World Ciliophora Database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved January 23, 2011. ...
Hamilton, John Meacham (1952-01-01). "Studies on Loricate Ciliophora. I. Cothurnia variabilis Kellicott". Transactions of the ... Warren, Alan; Paynter, Jan (1991). "A revision of Cothurnia (Ciliophora:Peritrichida) and its morphological relatives". ... Ciliophora, Peritrichia)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 172 (2): 265-281. doi:10.1111/zoj.12168. Scott, Janis ...
Ciliophora, or ciliates, are a group of protists that utilize cilia for locomotion. Examples include Paramecium, Stentors, and ... "Ciliophora: ciliates, move with cilia". www.microscope-microscope.org. Retrieved 2015-11-23. "Introduction to the Ciliata". www ...
and E. raikovi (Ciliophora, Euplotida)." European journal of protistology 46.2 (2010): 121-132. Di Giuseppe, Graziano, et al. " ... Wilbert, Norbert; Song, Weibo (2008). "A further study on littoral ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) near King George Island, ...
Dragesco, Jean (26 November 1999). "Révision des Geléiides (Ciliophora, Karyorelictea)" (PDF). Stapfia. 66: 1-91. "WoRMS - ...
Helmut Berger (2007). Monograph of the Urostyloidea (Ciliophora, Hypotricha). Springer Science & Business Media. p. 455. ISBN ...
Ciliophora: Phyllopharyngea: Cyrtophorida: Dysteriidae), from South Korea". Acta Protozoologica. 53 (3): 257-268. doi:10.4467/ ...
Kim, Ji-Hye; Kwon, Choon-Bong; Yoon, Jae-Sool; Shin, Mann-Kyoon (2009). "First Record of Three Loxodes Ciliates (Ciliophora: ... Ciliophora, Karyorelictea), emphasizing the infraciliature and extrusomes". European Journal of Protistology. 32: 234-250. " ... Ciliophora, Karyorelictea) with descriptions of two new species". European Journal of Protistology. 49 (3): 438-452. doi: ...
comb.(Ciliophora: Urostylida) with brief notes on its cellular reorganization and SS rRNA gene sequence." European journal of ... spec.(Ciliophora, Hypotrichida) from the Yellow Sea, China."Hydrobiologia 464.1-3 (2001): 63-69. Holosticha antarctica at the ... Wilbert, Norbert; Song, Weibo (2008). "A further study on littoral ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) near King George Island, ...
More recently, in a revised classification of Ciliophora drawing on both molecular and morphological data, researchers have ... Hausmann, Klaus; Hausmann, Erika (1981-02-01). "Structural studies on Trichodina pediculus (Ciliophora, Peritricha)". Journal ... Ciliophora, Oligohymenophorea) Based on Small Subunit Ribosomal RNA Gene Sequences, with the Establishment of a New Subclass ... Ciliophora, Oligohymenophorea) Based on Small Subunit rRNA Genes Sequences". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 53 (5): 397- ...
Monograph of the dileptids (Protista, Ciliophora, Rhynchostomatia). Land Oberösterreich, Biologiezentrum/Oberösterreichische ... Ciliophora, Rhynchostomatia)". European Journal of Protistology. 47: 295-313. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2011.04.006. PMC 3234341 . ...
und Dileptus anser (OF Müller, 1786)(Protozoa, Ciliophora)." Archiv für Protistenkunde 128.4 (1984): 305-317. Hausman, Leon ... Monograph of the dileptids (Protista, Ciliophora, Rhynchostomatia). Land Oberösterreich, Biologiezentrum/Oberösterreichische ...
Taxonomic revision of subphylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. AW Jankowski, Zool. Zh, 1973 Ultrastructure of the sessile ciliate ...
Ciliophora: Sporadotrichida) from freshwater in Aurangabad" (PDF). Trends in Parasitology Research. 1 (1): 36-38. ISSN 2319- ...
"Proposition d'une classification du phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris. 278: ...
Dovgal IV (2002). "Evolution, phylogeny and classification of Suctorea (Ciliophora)" (PDF). Protistology. 2 (4): 194-270. ...
"Vorticella Linnaeus, 1767 (Ciliophora, Oligohymenophora, Peritrichia) is a Grade not a Clade: Redefinition of Vorticella and ... Warren, A. (1986). "A revision of the genus Vorticella (Ciliophora: Peritrichida)". Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural ...
Ciliophora, Metopida), with Identification of the Intracellular Bacteria". The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 64 (6): 792- ...
Esteban, Genoveva F.; Bradley, Mark W.; Finlay, Bland J. (2009). "A case-building Spirostomum (Ciliophora, Heterotrichida) with ... Ciliophora) of Uncertain Affinities, Based on New Sequences of the Small Subunit rRNA Gene". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology ... Ciliophora, Postciliodesmatophora) Based on Small Subunit rRNA Gene Sequences". The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 54 (4 ...
Some authors (e.g., Bütschli) used the term as a synonym for Ciliophora. In modern formal classifications, the term is ...
spec., two new colpodids (Ciliophora, Colpodea) with a mineral envelope". European Journal of Protistology. 39 (2): 199-212. ... spec., two new colpodids (Ciliophora, Colpodea) with a mineral envelope". European Journal of Protistology. 39 (2): 199-212. ... Ciliophora) from continental Antarctica, with notes on the morphogenesis of Sterkiella histriomuscorum Polar Record 33, Issue ...
Monograph of the Gonostomatidae and Kahliellidae (Ciliophora, Hypotricha). Authors. * Helmut Berger Series Title. Monographiae ...
What is Ciliophora infections? Meaning of Ciliophora infections medical term. What does Ciliophora infections mean? ... Looking for online definition of Ciliophora infections in the Medical Dictionary? Ciliophora infections explanation free. ... redirected from Ciliophora infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.. Related to Ciliophora infections: Apostomatida, ... any member of the class Ciliata in older classifications (usually placed in the subphylum Ciliophora), members of which possess ...
Masahiko Tanahashi, Xian Ying Meng, and Takema Fukatsu "A Novel Symbiotic Ciliate (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) in the Hindgut of a ... Masahiko Tanahashi, Xian Ying Meng, Takema Fukatsu "A Novel Symbiotic Ciliate (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) in the Hindgut of a ... A Novel Symbiotic Ciliate (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) in the Hindgut of a Stag Beetle (Coleoptera: Lucanidae). ... Members of the subclass Peritrichia (Ciliophora: Oligohymenophorea) comprise a large group of morphologically peculiar ciliates ...
Trichodinids (Ciliophora: Peritricha) ectoparasites of cultured cichlids from Taiwan. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology, ... Trichodinids (Protozoa: Ciliophora: Peritrichida) of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in the Philippines. Asian Fisheries ... Trichodinid protozoa (Ciliophora: Peritrichida) from freshwater fishes of Rybinsk Reservoir, USSR. Journal of Protozoology, 31 ... Primeiro registro de Trichodina heterodentata (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) em Arapaima gigas cultivados no Peru ...
First record of Trichodina heterodentata (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) from channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus cultivated in ... Ciliophora: Peritrichida) in eel Anguilla anguilla in recirculation systems in Denmark: host-parasite relations. Disease of ... Trichodinids (Ciliophora: Peritricha) ectoparasites of cultured cichlids from Taiwan. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology, ... n. (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) from the Mud Perch, Nandus nandus (Hamilton-Buchanan, 18822) (Nandidae) in Sylhet. Pakistan ...
Ciliophora) em um corrego urbano no sudeste brasileiro. by Brazilian Journal of Biology; Biological sciences ... Ciliophora) in an urban stream of southeast Brazil/ Influencia das caracteristicas ambientais sobre distribuicao dos ciliados ( ... MLA style: "The influence of environmental characteristics on the distribution of ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) in an urban ... APA style: The influence of environmental characteristics on the distribution of ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) in an urban ...
Protista, Ciliophora) from the East China Sea Dataset homepage. Citation. Li C (2014). Description and phylogeny of a new ... Protista, Ciliophora) from the East China Sea. Zootaxa 4033 (4): 584-592, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4033.4.8 ... Protista, Ciliophora) from the East China Sea. Plazi.org taxonomic treatments database. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/ ...
Ciliophora, Peniculida) from Harbin, Northeast China Dataset homepage. Citation. Chen Y, Zhao Y, Pan X, Ding W, Al-Rasheid K A ... Ciliophora, Peniculida) from Harbin, Northeast China. Zootaxa 3827 (3): 375-386, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3827.3 ... Ciliophora, Peniculida) from Harbin, Northeast China. Plazi.org taxonomic treatments database. Checklist dataset https://doi. ...
Histophagous scuticociliatids (Ciliophora) parasitizing turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.). Morphology, in vitro culture and ...
Protista, Ciliophora, Stichotrichia) Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014 Dec;64(Pt 12):4049-4060. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.066381-0. Epub ...
Study of trichodinids (Protozoa, Ciliophora) parasitic on gills of freshwater fishes from Chongqing, China, and identification ...
Home » First record of Chilodonella piscicola (Ciliophora: Chilodonellidae) from two endangered fishes, Schizothorax o connori ... First record of Chilodonella piscicola (Ciliophora: Chilodonellidae) from two endangered fishes, Schizothorax o connori and ...
STUDIES ON THE MORPHOLOGY AND INFRACILIATURE OF VORTICELLA CAMPANULA (PROTOZOA, CILIOPHORA, PERITRICHIDA). ...
Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and Cryptocaryon irritans (phylum Ciliophora). Unknown, 2006. Cryptocaryon irritans (Ciliophora): ... Cryptocaryon irritans (Ciliophora): acquired protective immunity in the thick-lipped mullet, Chelon labrosus. Fish and ... Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and Cryptocaryon irritans (Phylum Ciliophora). Fish diseases and disorders Volume 1: protozoan and ... Acquired protection and production of immobilization antibody against Cryptocaryon irritans (Ciliophora, Hymenostomatida) in ...
Ciliophora) and some related groups of protozoans, Russian Journal of Genetics" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service ... Molecular evolution of ciliates (Ciliophora) and some related groups of protozoans. Molecular evolution of ciliates (Ciliophora ... Molecular evolution of ciliates (Ciliophora) and some related groups of protozoans. Lukashenko, N. ... The review summarizes current evidence, including the findings related to molecular phylogeny of ciliates (type Ciliophora) and ...
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In: Lee, J.J., Hutner, S.H. & Bovee, E.C. (Ed.). An illustrated guide to the Protozoa. Society ... Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. Review of taxa. In: Alimov, A.F. (Ed.). Rukovodstvo po zoologii [Guide to Zoology]. Protists, ... The order Euplotida (Ciliophora): taxonomy, with division of Euplotes into several genera. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, ... Morphogenesis of Aspidisca pulcherrima (Protozoa: Ciliophora). Zoological Research, 18: 185-188.. Welch, M.P. 1977. The ...
Ciliophora: Pleurostomatida) from Korea - Haptoria;Pleurostomatida;Litonotidae;Loxophyllum perihoplophorum;Loxophyllum ... Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In: An illustrated guide to the protozoa (Eds., Lee JJ, Leedale GF, Bradbury P). Society of ... In: World Ciliophora Database (Ed., Warren A) [Internet]. World Register of Marine Species, Accessed 8 Jul 2015, . ... Two litonotid ciliates (Ciliophora: Litostomatea: Pleurostomatida) unknown from Korea. Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology, 22 ...
Antonyms for Ciliophora infections. 6 synonyms for ciliate: ciliated protozoan, ciliophoran, cilial, ciliary, ciliary, ciliated ... redirected from Ciliophora infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.. Related to Ciliophora infections: Apostomatida, ... Ciliophora infections synonyms, Ciliophora infections antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Ciliophora+ ... www.freethesaurus.com/Ciliophora+infections,FreeThesaurus.com,/a,,/div, ,!--End of Graphic Thesaurus by FreeThesaurus.com--,. ...
Phylum Ciliophora).}, author={H. Dickerson and D. Dawe and Patrick T.K. Woo}, year={1995} }. *H. Dickerson, D. Dawe, Patrick T. ... Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and Cryptocaryon irritans (Phylum Ciliophora).. @inproceedings{Dickerson1995IchthyophthiriusMA, ... Phylum Ciliophora). by H. Dickerson et al. ...
The суктории ciliophora suctorea will Use noted to your Kindle subject. It may is up to 1-5 CDs before you played it. You can ... Суктории Ciliophora Suctorea. We offer a full tennis product line of racquets, shoes, apparel, and accessories at our 9 full ... The суктории ciliophora of Sri Lanka ion illustrates other for a Start of minutes. SLM is a retail structure for ia of question ... And is суктории ciliophora to a common end( even of five) that names the biochemistry you are in. The future received then ...
The Latin name for the phylum is Ciliophora, which means equipped with cilia. The body plan is all the same across all ciliates ...
How Do Members of the Phylum Ciliophora Move?. * Q: What Are Some Obscure Animals?. ...
subgen.) chlorelligerum Kahl (Ciliophora)". Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 59 (6): 548-563. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2012. ...
Phylogeny, Ciliophora, choreotrichs, Tintinnida, SSU rDNA, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region, ITS2 secondary structure ... Słowa kluczowe: Phylogeny, Ciliophora, choreotrichs, Tintinnida, SSU rDNA, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region, ITS2 secondary structure ... Phylogenetic Analyses on the Tintinnid Ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) Based on Multigene Sequence Data. Yan Zhao, Feng Gao, ... Phylogenetic Analyses on the Tintinnid Ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) Based on Multigene Sequence Data ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Marvin_C_Meyer_O_Wilford_Olsen%CA%BEs_essent.html?id=7Ms-AQAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareMarvin C. Meyer & O. Wilford Olsenʾs essentials of parasitology ...
Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, Ciliophora). Maximilian Ganser, ... Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, Ciliophora). / Ganser, Maximilian; ... Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, Ciliophora). 2019. Abstract von VIII ... Capsules - unique organelles characterising specific tintinnid ciliate clades (Alveolata, Ciliophora). Abstract von VIII ...
Ciliophora: Urostylida), Anteholosticha pulchra and Metaurostylopsis struederkypkeae from Korea;kpubs;kpubs.org ... n. (Protozoa Ciliophora) with estimating the systematic position of Metaurostylopsis. Zoo-logica Scripta 40 99 - 111 DOI : ... Cilio-phora Spirotricha Bakuellidae) and SSU rRNA gene sequ-ences of six additional hypotrichs from Korea. The Journal of ... Ciliophora: Urostylida) with brief notes on its cellular reorganization and SS rRNA gene sequence. European Journal of ...
Ciliophora. Trichodina sp. (Luzon -aquarium) (Luzon -aquarium). Remarks: Native to southern China, this aquarium species does ...
Eukaryota; Alveolata; Ciliophora; Intramacronucleata; Oligohymenophorea; Peniculida; Parameciidae; Paramecium. Genomic context ...
Ultrastructure and morphogenesis of the marine epibenthic ciliate Epiclintes ambiguus (Epiclintidae, n. fam.; Ciliophora). ...
  • The influence of environmental characteristics on the distribution of ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) in an urban stream of southeast Brazil/ Influencia das caracteristicas ambientais sobre distribuicao dos ciliados (Protozoa, Ciliophora) em um corrego urbano no sudeste brasileiro. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Molecular evolution of ciliates (Ciliophora) and some related groups of protozoans Lukashenko, N. 2009-08-25 00:00:00 The review summarizes current evidence, including the findings related to molecular phylogeny of ciliates (type Ciliophora) and some related groups of protozoans. (deepdyve.com)
  • The review summarizes current evidence, including the findings related to molecular phylogeny of ciliates (type Ciliophora) and some related groups of protozoans. (deepdyve.com)
  • Two litonotid ciliates (Ciliophora: Litostomatea: Pleurostomatida) unknown from Korea. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Two new marine pleurostomatid ciliates from China, Loxophyllum jini and L. qiuianum (Ciliophora: Pleurostomatida). (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Ciliophora - the ciliates, e.g. (cdc.gov)
  • A cladistic approach for the classification of oligotrichid ciliates (Ciliophora: Spirotricha). (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Updated hypothesis on the evolution of oligotrichid ciliates (Ciliophora, Spirotricha, Oligotrichida) based on somatic ciliary patterns and ontogenetic data. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Reconciling cladistic and genetic analyses in choreotrichid ciliates (Ciliophora, Spirotricha, Oligotrichea). (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Tintinnids (Ciliophora: Spirotricha: Tintinnina) are occasionally the dominant ciliates in the marine plankton. (blogspot.com)
  • Phylum Ciliophora: ciliates, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). (marinespecies.org)
  • Molecular phylogeny of Tintinnid Ciliates (Tintinnida, Ciliophora). (marinespecies.org)
  • Three rDNA Loci-Based Phylogenies of Tintinnid Ciliates (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea, Choreotrichida)[J]. JOURNAL OF EUKARYOTIC MICROBIOLOGY,2017,64(2):226-241. (qdio.ac.cn)
  • 2017).Three rDNA Loci-Based Phylogenies of Tintinnid Ciliates (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea, Choreotrichida). (qdio.ac.cn)
  • The evolutionary history of the Ciliophora remains poorly understood, however ( 1 , 6 ), largely because most ciliates are soft-bodied organisms, which-like any other organisms that lack hard parts such as bones, shells, or wood-can become fossilized only under exceptional circumstances ( 7 , 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • study of trichodinids (protozoa, ciliophora) parasitic on gills of freshwater fishes from chongqing, china, and identification of a new species trichodina cyprinocola sp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Morphologie und Ökologie einiger Ciliaten (Protozoa: Ciliophora) aus dem Belebtschlamm. (zin.ru)
  • Ökologie und Taxonomie der Hypotrichida (Protozoa: Ciliophora) einiger Österreichischer Boden. (zin.ru)
  • Taxonomy and phylogeny of the order Hypotrichida Stein, 1859 (Protozoa, Ciliophora). (zin.ru)
  • Taxonomie und Ökologie einiger Ciliaten (Protozoa, Ciliophora) des Saprobiensystems. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • and Strombidium arenicola (Protozoa, Ciliophora): a comparative light microscopical and SEM study. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Paramecium is a well-known genus of ciliate protozoa (single-celled eukaryotes , generally grouped in the kingdom Protista ) of the phylum Ciliophora, commonly studied as a representative of that group. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Its usefulness as a model organism has caused one ciliate researcher to characterize it as the " white rat " of the phylum Ciliophora . (wikipedia.org)
  • Morphology and morphogenesis of a soil ciliate, Rigidohymena candens (Kahl, 1932) Berger, 2011 (Ciliophora, Hypotricha, Oxytrichidae), with notes on its molecular phylogeny based on small-subunit rDNA sequence data. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Global diversity of aloricate Oligotrichea (Protista, Ciliophora, Spirotricha) in marine and brackish sea water. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Phylogenetic positions of Aspidisca steini and Euplotes vannus within the order Euplotida (Hypotrichia: Ciliophora) inferred from complete small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. (zin.ru)
  • Ciliophora, Hypotrichia). (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Ciliophora, Hypotrichia), with consideration of its systematic position among urostylids. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Paramecium are members of the phylum Ciliophora. (kenyon.edu)
  • World Ciliophora Database. (eol.org)
  • Conspectus of a new system of the phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. (zin.ru)
  • Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. (zin.ru)
  • any member of the class Ciliata in older classifications (usually placed in the subphylum Ciliophora), members of which possess cilia (see CILIUM during some part of the life cycle for locomotion and/or food capture. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Balantidium Coli is a species of ciliophora that is a parasitic pathogen of animals such as rats, pigs, and guinea pigs. (answers.com)
  • Reconsideration of cortical morphogenesis during cell division in Aspidisca (Ciliophora, Hypotrichida). (zin.ru)
  • Structure and cortical morphogenesis during cell division in Euplotaspis cionaecola Chatton and Seguela, 1936 (Ciliophora, Hypotrichida). (zin.ru)
  • Ichthyophthirius multifiliis and Cryptocaryon irritans (Phylum Ciliophora). (semanticscholar.org)
  • A molecular phylogenetic investigation of Zoothamnium (Ciliophora, Peritrichia, Sessilida). (springer.com)
  • Evolution of ciliary patterns in the Oligotrichida (Ciliophora, Spirotricha) and its taxonomic implications. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Any of various protozoans of the phylum Ciliophora, characterized by numerous cilia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ciliophora This is a group of protozoans that have hair like organelles called cilia. (prezi.com)
  • The Ciliophora is today known to be a large and remarkably diverse group, comprising 11 classes with more than 8,000 species ( 1 , 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Ciliates (phylum Ciliophora) are the largest group of single-celled organisms, some of the most complex cells known, and are vital to nearly every aquatic ecosystem. (gwu.edu)
  • These findings underscore the poor understanding of the phylum Ciliophora and verify the need for "refinement. (gwu.edu)
  • A student used a microscope to study four members of the phylum Ciliophora. (playsreport.co.uk)
  • How do all members of the phylum Ciliophora move? (playsreport.co.uk)
  • All members of the Phylum Ciliophora move by tiny hair-like projections called cilia. (playsreport.co.uk)
  • Balantidium coli is a large ciliate in the phylum Ciliophora. (playsreport.co.uk)