Cicer: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for the edible beans.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Mesorhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria in the family PHYLLOBACTERIACEAE. They are able to invade root-hairs of a wide range of plants, inciting the production of PLANT ROOT NODULES.DNA End-Joining Repair: The repair of DOUBLE-STRAND DNA BREAKS by rejoining the broken ends of DNA to each other directly.DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded: Interruptions in the sugar-phosphate backbone of DNA, across both strands adjacently.DNA Ligases: Poly(deoxyribonucleotide):poly(deoxyribonucleotide)ligases. Enzymes that catalyze the joining of preformed deoxyribonucleotides in phosphodiester linkage during genetic processes during repair of a single-stranded break in duplex DNA. The class includes both EC 6.5.1.1 (ATP) and EC 6.5.1.2 (NAD).Antigens, Nuclear: Immunologically detectable substances found in the CELL NUCLEUS.DNA Repair: The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.Suspensions: Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Nanoparticles: Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase: A carboxy-lyase that plays a key role in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE by catalyzing the formation of 3-phosphoglycerate from ribulose 1,5-biphosphate and CARBON DIOXIDE. It can also utilize OXYGEN as a substrate to catalyze the synthesis of 2-phosphoglycolate and 3-phosphoglycerate in a process referred to as photorespiration.Ribulosephosphates: Ribulose substituted by one or more phosphoric acid moieties.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.PentosephosphatesOzone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Amidine-Lyases: These enzymes catalyze the elimination of ammonia from amidines with the formation of a double bond. EC 4.3.2.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Ceratopogonidae: A family of biting midges, in the order DIPTERA. It includes the genus Culicoides which transmits filarial parasites pathogenic to man and other primates.Secernentea: A subclass of nematodes characterized by numerous caudal papillae and an excretory system possessing lateral canals.Trichostrongylus: A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the digestive tract of herbivorous animals. They cause incidental infections in humans from the following species: Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T. orientalis, T. axei, and T. probolurus.IranGalliformes: An order of heavy-bodied, largely terrestrial BIRDS including pheasants, TURKEYS, grouse, QUAIL, and CHICKENS.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Hemagglutination: The aggregation of ERYTHROCYTES by AGGLUTININS, including antibodies, lectins, and viral proteins (HEMAGGLUTINATION, VIRAL).Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Photoperiod: The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Physiological Processes: The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.OklahomaQuantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Hypericum: Genus of perennial plants in the family CLUSIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypericaceae). Herbal and homeopathic preparations are used for depression, neuralgias, and a variety of other conditions. Hypericum contains flavonoids; GLYCOSIDES; mucilage, TANNINS; volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), hypericin and hyperforin.Spheniscidae: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.

Seed coat cell turgor in chickpea is independent of changes in plant and pod water potential. (1/111)

Turgor pressure in cells of the pod wall and the seed coat of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) were measured directly with a pressure probe on intact plants under initially dry soil conditions, and after the plants were irrigated. The turgor pressure in cells of the pod wall was initially 0.25 MPa, and began to increase within a few minutes of irrigation. By 2-4 h after irrigation, pod wall cell turgor had increased to 0.97 MPa. This increase in turgor was matched closely by increases in the total water potential of both the pod and the stem, as measured by a pressure chamber. However, turgor pressure in cells of the seed coat was relatively low (0.10 MPa) and was essentially unchanged up to 24 h after irrigation (0.13 MPa). These data demonstrate that water exchange is relatively efficient throughout most of the plant body, but not between the pod and the seed. Since both the pod and the seed coat are vascularized tissues of maternal origin, this indicates that at least for chickpea, isolation of the water relations of the embryo from the maternal plant does not depend on the absence of vascular or symplastic connections between the embryo and the maternal plant.  (+info)

Urea is a product of ureidoglycolate degradation in chickpea. Purification and characterization of the ureidoglycolate urea-lyase. (2/111)

A ureidoglycolate-degrading activity was analyzed in different organs of chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Activity was detected in all the tissues analyzed, but highest levels of specific activity were found in pods, from which it has been purified and characterized. This is the first ureidoglycolate-degrading activity that has been purified to homogeneity from any photosynthetic organism. Only one ureidoglycolate-degrading activity was found during the purification. The enzyme was purified 1,500-fold, and specific activity for the pure enzyme was 8.6 units mg(-1), which corresponds with a turnover number of 1,600 min(-1). The native enzyme has a molecular mass of 180 kD and consists of six identical or similar-sized subunits of 31 kD each. The enzyme exhibited hyperbolic, Michaelian kinetics for (-) ureidoglycolate with K(m) values of 6 and 10 microM in the presence or absence of Mn(2+), respectively. Optimum pH was between 7 and 8 and maximum activity was found at temperatures above 70 degrees C, the enzyme being extremely stable and resistant to heat denaturation. The activity was inhibited by EDTA and enhanced by several bivalent cations, thus suggesting that the enzyme is a metalloprotein. This enzyme has been characterized as a ureidoglycolate urea-lyase (EC 4.3.2.3), which catalyzes the degradation of (-) ureidoglycolate to glyoxylate and urea. This is the first time that such an activity is detected in plant tissues. A possible function for this activity and its implications in the context of nitrogen mobilization in legume plants is also discussed.  (+info)

Copper amine oxidase expression in defense responses to wounding and Ascochyta rabiei invasion. (3/111)

Wounding chickpea (Cicer arietinum) internodes or cotyledons resulted in an increase in the steady-state level of copper amine oxidase (CuAO) expression both locally and systemically. Dissection of the molecular mechanisms controlling CuAO expression indicated that jasmonic acid worked as a potent inducer of the basal and wound-inducible CuAO expression, whereas salicylic acid and abscisic acid caused a strong reduction of the wound-induced CuAO expression, without having any effect on the basal levels. Epicotyl treatment with the CuAO mechanism-based inhibitor 2-bromoethylamine decreased hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) levels in all the internodes, as evidenced in vivo by 3,3'-diaminobenzidine oxidation. Moreover, inhibitor pretreatment of wounded epicotyls resulted in a lower accumulation of H(2)O(2) both at the wound site and in distal organs. In vivo CuAO inhibition by 2-bromoethylamine after inoculation of resistant chickpea cv Sultano with Ascochyta rabiei resulted in the development of extended necrotic lesions, with extensive cell damage occurring in sclerenchyma and cortical parenchyma tissues. These results, besides stressing the fine-tuning by key signaling molecules in wound-induced CuAO regulation, demonstrate that local and systemic CuAO induction is essential for H(2)O(2) production in response to wounding and indicate the relevance of these enzymes in protection against pathogens.  (+info)

The effects of salinity and sodicity upon nodulation and nitrogen fixation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). (4/111)

Production of grain legumes is severely reduced in salt-affected soils because their ability to form and maintain nitrogen-fixing nodules is impaired by both salinity and sodicity (alkalinity). Genotypes of chickpea, Cicer arietinum, with high nodulation capacity under stress were identified by field screening in a sodic soil in India and subsequently evaluated quantitatively for nitrogen fixation in a glasshouse study in a saline but neutral soil in the UK. In the field, pH 8.9 was the critical upper limit for most genotypes studied but genotypes with high nodulation outperformed all others at pH 9.0-9.2. The threshold limit of soil salinity for shoot growth was at ECe 3 dS m(-1), except for the high-nodulation selection for which it was ECe 6. Nodulation was reduced in all genotypes at salinities above 3 dS m(-1) but to a lesser extent in the high-nodulation selection, which proved inherently superior under both non-saline and stress conditions. Nitrogen fixation was also much more tolerant of salinity in this selection than in the other genotypes studied. The results show that chickpea genotypes tolerant of salt-affected soil have better nodulation and support higher rates of symbiotic nitrogen fixation than sensitive genotypes.  (+info)

Role of salicylic acid in systemic resistance induced by Pseudomonas fluorescens against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri in chickpea. (5/111)

Selected isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pf1-94, Pf4-92, Pf12-94, Pf151-94 and Pf179-94) and chemical resistance inducers (salicylic acid, acetylsalicylic acid, DL-norvaline, indole-3-carbinol and lichenan) were examined for growth promotion and induced systemic resistance against Fusarium wilt of chickpea. A marked increase in shoot and root length was observed in P. fluorescens treated plants. The isolates of P. fluorescens systemically induced resistance against Fusarium wilt of chickpea caused by Fusarium. oxysporum f.sp. ciceri (FocRs1), and significantly (P = 0.05) reduced the wilt disease by 26-50% as compared to control. Varied degree of protection against Fusarium wilt was recorded with chemical inducers. The reduction in disease was more pronounced when chemical inducers were applied with P. fluorescens. Among chemical inducers, SA showed the highest protection of chickpea seedlings against wilting. Fifty two- to 64% reduction of wilting was observed in soil treated with isolate Pf4-92 along with chemical inducers. A significant (P = 0.05; r = -0.946) negative correlation was observed in concentration of salicylic acid and mycelial growth of FocRs1 and at a concentration of 2000 microg ml(-1) mycelial growth was completely arrested. Exogenously supplied SA also stimulated systemic resistance against wilt and reduced the disease severity by 23% and 43% in the plants treated with 40 and 80 microg ml(-1) of SA through root application. All the isolates of P. fluorescens produced SA in synthetic medium and in root tissues. HPLC analysis indicated that Pf4-92 produced comparatively more SA than the other isolates. 1700 to 2000 nanog SA g(-1) fresh root was detected from the application site of root after one day of bacterization whereas, the amount of SA at distant site ranged between 400-500 nanog. After three days of bacterization the SA level decreased and was found more or less equal at both the detection sites.  (+info)

Effects of long-term consumption and single meals of chickpeas on plasma glucose, insulin, and triacylglycerol concentrations. (6/111)

BACKGROUND: Legumes are recommended for better glucose control in persons with diabetes. Whether subjects with normal insulin sensitivity would also benefit from legume consumption is not clear. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare the effects on insulin sensitivity of chickpea-based and wheat-based foods when eaten as single meals or over 6 wk. DESIGN: Acute and long-term studies were conducted in healthy middle-aged men and women. In the acute study (n = 19), plasma glucose, insulin, and calculated homeostasis model assessment (HOMA; an index of insulin sensitivity) were measured on 3 separated days over 3 h after the subjects consumed 50-g available carbohydrate loads from either chickpeas, wheat-based foods, or white bread. The long-term comparison (n = 20) was a randomized, crossover study in which chickpea-based and wheat-based foods were eaten for 6 wk each. Plasma glucose, insulin, and HOMA were measured in the fasting state and 2 h after a 75-g glucose load. RESULTS: After single meals, plasma glucose was substantially lower 30 and 60 min after the chickpea meal than after the other 2 meals (P < 0.05), and plasma insulin and HOMA were lower at 120 min (P < 0.05 for both). Despite this, the long-term study failed to show significant differences in plasma glucose, insulin, or HOMA either in the fasting state or after a glucose load. CONCLUSION: Compared with a wheat-based meal, a single chickpea-based meal led to a lesser response in plasma glucose and insulin concentrations, but this was not translated into long-term improvement in insulin sensitivity over 6 wk, at least in healthy subjects.  (+info)

Internal recycling of respiratory CO2 in pods of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): the role of pod wall, seed coat, and embryo. (7/111)

It has previously been proposed that respiratory CO2 released from the embryo in grain legume pods is refixed by a layer of cells on the inner pod wall. In chickpea this refixation process is thought to be of significance to the seed carbon budget, particularly under drought. In this study it is reported that the excised embryo, seed coat, and pod wall in chickpea are all photosynthetically competent, but the pod wall alone is capable of net O2 evolution over and above respiration. The predominant role of the pod wall in refixation is supported by measurements of fixation of isotopically labelled CO2, which show that more than 80% of CO2 is fixed by this tissue when provided to the pod interior. Chlorophyll concentrations are of the same order for embryo, seed coat, and pod wall tissues in younger pods on both an area and a fresh weight basis, but decline differentially with development from 12-30 d after podding. Imaging of chlorophyll distribution in the pod wall suggests that less than 15% of chloroplasts are located in the inner layer of cells thought to refix CO2 in legumes; this would be sufficient to refix less than 40% of respired CO2. It is concluded that while all tissues of the pod are capable of refixing respiratory carbon, the entire pod wall is responsible for the majority of this process, rather than a specialized layer of cells on the inner epidermis. The role of this fixed carbon in the pod for reallocation to the seed is discussed  (+info)

Sulphur and nitrogen nutrition influence the response of chickpea seeds to an added, transgenic sink for organic sulphur. (8/111)

In order to increase the concentration of the nutritionally essential sulphur amino acids in seed protein, a transgene encoding a methionine- and cysteine-rich protein, sunflower seed albumin (SSA), was transferred to chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L). Transgenic seeds that accumulated SSA contained more methionine and less oxidized sulphur than the controls, suggesting that additional demand for sulphur amino acids from the expression of the transgene stimulated sulphur assimilation. In addition, the activity of trypsin inhibitors, a known family of endogenous, sulphur-rich chickpea seed proteins, was diminished in transgenic, SSA-containing seeds compared with the non-transgenic controls. Together, these results indicate that the reduced sulphur sequestered into SSA was supplied partly by additional sulphur assimilation in the developing transgenic seeds, and partly by some diversion of sulphur amino acids from endogenous seed proteins. Growth of chickpeas on nutrient with a high sulphur-to-nitrogen ratio increased the total seed sulphur content and the accumulation of sulphur amino acids in the seeds, and partly mitigated the effect of SSA accumulation on the trypsin inhibitor amount. The results suggest that free methionine and O-acetylserine (OAS) acted as signals that modulated chickpea seed protein composition in response to the variation in sulphur demand, as well as in response to variation in the nitrogen and sulphur status of the plant.  (+info)

To determine the association between genetic parameters and traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes, a field experiment was conducted with 17 chickpea genotypes using a randomized complete block design with four replications at the Ilam Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center in the 2004 growing season. Genetic parameters including genetic, environmental and phenotypic variances; coefficients of variation; heritability; genetic advances; correlation coefficients and path coefficients were estimated, and cluster analysis was performed. Heritability values were greater for number of days to 50% maturity (98.43%), number of days to 50% flowering (98.19%), plant height (58.87%), number of secondary branches (45.81%), number of primary branches (42.03%) and number of seeds per plant (35.42%), indicating that these traits are controlled mainly by additive genes and that selection of such traits may be effective for improving seed yield. Number of seeds per plant and 100-seed weight had a
Define chickpea plant. chickpea plant synonyms, chickpea plant pronunciation, chickpea plant translation, English dictionary definition of chickpea plant. Noun 1. chickpea plant - Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds Cicer arietinum, Egyptian pea, chickpea garbanzo, chickpea...
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of ozone and salinity, singly and in combination, on the growth and ion contents of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Chickpea plants were grown in non-saline and saline conditions, with a
Volume 35: Physical and Chemical Induced Mutagenesis Study for Identifying Lethality Dose in Chick Pea (|i|Cicer|/i| a|i|rietinum|/i| L.) Var. Co - 4
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Compartmentalization is a unique feature of eukaryotes that helps in maintaining cellular homeostasis not only in intra- and inter-organellar context, but also between the cells and the external environment. Plant cells are highly compartmentalized with a complex metabolic network governing various cellular events. The membranes are the most important constituents in such compartmentalization, and membrane-associated proteins play diverse roles in many cellular processes besides being part of integral component of many signaling cascades. To obtain valuable insight into the dynamic repertoire of membrane proteins, we have developed a proteome reference map of a grain legume, chickpea, using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. MALDI-TOF/TOF and LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis led to the identification of 91 proteins involved in a variety of cellular functions viz., bioenergy, stress-responsive and signal transduction, metabolism, protein synthesis and degradation, among others. Significantly, 70% of the
The project has three phases: In the first phase, chickpea genotypes were evaluated in the growth chambers for their flowering response under both long (16 h) and short days (10 h) and 22 0C and 16 0C day and night temperatures. Variability among the genotypes in their flowering response under either long or short days was identified. In the second phase of the study eight selected chickpea genotypes with extreme responses to photoperiod will be evaluated to determine the timing and duration of the photoperiod sensitive phase and the time of floral initiation and to establish whether photoperiod sensitivity ends at floral initiation or if it extends further into the phases of flower development. These same eight genotypes will be further characterized in a factorial combination of two photoperiods: 10 h and 16 h and three temperatures regimes: 16/8 0C, 20/12 0C and 24/16 0C (day/night). This study allows us to determine flowering response of chickpea genotypes grown in a range of thermal regimes ...
The project has three phases: In the first phase, chickpea genotypes were evaluated in the growth chambers for their flowering response under both long (16 h) and short days (10 h) and 22 0C and 16 0C day and night temperatures. Variability among the genotypes in their flowering response under either long or short days was identified. In the second phase of the study eight selected chickpea genotypes with extreme responses to photoperiod will be evaluated to determine the timing and duration of the photoperiod sensitive phase and the time of floral initiation and to establish whether photoperiod sensitivity ends at floral initiation or if it extends further into the phases of flower development. These same eight genotypes will be further characterized in a factorial combination of two photoperiods: 10 h and 16 h and three temperatures regimes: 16/8 0C, 20/12 0C and 24/16 0C (day/night). This study allows us to determine flowering response of chickpea genotypes grown in a range of thermal regimes ...
The present study demonstrates an effect of nano-ZnO particles on the growth of plant seedlings of mung (|i|Vigna radiate|/i|) and gram (|i|Cicer arietinum|/i|). The study was carried out in plant agar media to prevent precipitation of water-insoluble nanoparticles in the test units. Various concentrations of nano-ZnO particles in suspension form were introduced to the agar media, and their effect on the root and shoot growth of the seedlings was examined. The main experimental approach, using correlative light and scanning electron microscopy provided evidence of adsorption of nanoparticles on the root surface. Absorption of nanoparticles by seedlings root was also detected by inductive coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). It was found that at certain optimum concentration, the seedlings displayed good growth over control, and beyond that, retardation in growth was observed.
Cicer arietinum lectin or agglutinin (CAL/CPA) is a homodimer composed of two subunits.This lectin is a glycoprotein that contains 4.5% neutral sugars and is basic in nature (pI: 9.0). Its haemagglutination activity is inhibited by fetuin and desialylated fetuin with a carbohydrate specificity for fetuin and p-Nitroph
Search Indian Chickpeas Seed Manufacturers and Suppliers Details - Contact to Chickpeas Seed Exporters in India, Chickpeas Seed Wholesalers, Chickpeas Seed Distributors and Traders from India.
Physicochemical and Functional Characteristics of Desi and Kabuli Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars Grown in Bodity, Ethiopia and Sensory Evaluation of Boiled and Roasted Products Prepared Using Chickpea ...
Impact of germination time and type of illumination on proximate composition of chickpea seed was investigated. Germination time and type of illumination had highly significant influence (p|0.001) on the level of moisture, protein, fat, fiber, ash and Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) contents. Increase in germination time was associated with increase in moisture, protein, ash and fat contents and decrease in fiber and NFE contents. Moisture accumulation increased significantly (p|0.001) with dark, fluorescent light and γ-irradiated seed sprouts, while green, blue and yellow lights have significant (p|0.001) promotional effects on protein and fiber contents. Germination of γ-irradiated chickpea seed had significant (p|0.001) promotional effect on ash and fat contents, while dark, fluorescent and yellow lights on NFE content. Interaction of the treatments (germination time X type of illumination) on all the parameters studied was also highly significant (p|0.001).
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important food legume and heat stress affects chickpea ontogeny over a range of environments. Generally, chickpea adapts to high temperatures through an escape mechanism. However, heat stress during reproductive development can cause significant yield loss. The most important effects on the reproductive phase that affect pod set, seed set and yield are: (1) flow ...
The identification of informative in silico polymorphic genomic and genic microsatellite markers by comparing the genome and transcriptome sequences of crop genotypes is a rapid, cost-effective and non-laborious approach for large-scale marker validation and genotyping applications, including construction of high-density genetic maps. We designed 1494 markers, including 1016 genomic and 478 transcript-derived microsatellite markers showing in-silico fragment length polymorphism between two parental genotypes (Cicer arietinum ICC4958 and C. reticulatum PI489777) of an inter-specific reference mapping population. High amplification efficiency (87%), experimental validation success rate (81%) and polymorphic potential (55%) of these microsatellite markers suggest their effective use in various applications of chickpea genetics and breeding. Intra-specific polymorphic potential (48%) detected by microsatellite markers in 22 desi and kabuli chickpea genotypes was lower than inter-specific polymorphic
Effects of rhizobium strains isolated from wild chickpeas on the growth and symbiotic performance of chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) under salt stress ...
Accepted name: isoflavone 3-hydroxylase. Reaction: formononetin + NADPH + H+ + O2 = calycosin + NADP+ + H2O. For diagram click here.. Other name(s): isoflavone 3-monooxygenase. Systematic name: formononetin,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating). Comments: A heme-thiolate protein (P-450). Also acts on biochanin A and other isoflavones with a 4-methoxy group. Involved in the biosynthesis of the pterocarpin phytoalexins medicarpin and maackiain.. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 110183-50-1. References:. 1. Hinderer, W., Flentje, U. and Barz, W. Microsomal isoflavone 2-hydroxylases and 3-hydroxylases from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) cell-suspensions induced for pterocarpan phytoalexin formation. FEBS Lett. 214 (1987) 101-106.. ...
A survey of VA Mycorrhizal fungi in the root zone of some pulses was carried out . The pulses selected for VAM survey were Cow Pea (Vigna anguiculata L.) , green gram ( Vigna radiates L. ), black gram ( Vigna mungo L.) and Chick pea ( Cicer arietinum L.). Random soil samples and roots were collected after every 30 days and VA Mycorrhizal spores isolated . The spores were identified up to species level based on the revised synoptic key by Berch and Trappe(1989). This study reports the extent of root colonization and the density and distribution of VAM spores in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil. All the pulses examined invariably showed a high percentage (55% - 80%) of root colonization .Species of Acaulospora , Glomus , Gigaspora, Sclerocystis and scutilospora were isolated. The spore density ranged from 30 - 90 spores /25 g soil. The intensity of root colonization and spore density varied not only from genus to genus with in a family but also for the same plant species at
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Your basic Chick-Pea makes a delicious nutty sprout. A great snack on its own or as an ingredient in numerous recipes (Sprouted, Hummus is a favorite). Originating from the Middle East, Garbanzo beans have long been valued for their fiber, and are consumed by some daily! Garbanzo beans are a great source of protein and energy. They are also beneficial in that they balance your blood sugar and help to lower blood cholesterol. Garbanzo beans are huge supporters of digestive health as well; specifically colon health.. Shelf Life: 5 years in cool, dry, dark environment (55° - 70°F). Growing Cycle: Soak 1/2 cup- 8 hours / Drain, rinse, drain / Rinse- 3 days (double rinse- 2x per day) / Maturity Time- 3 days. Production: 1 10 x 10 tray with 1/2 cup seeds yields 1 cup of Garbanzo beans. Returns: Due to the diverse growing conditions across the US and internationally, we do not accept return on any seeds. ...
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Roasted Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans) based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Chickpeas (garbanzo beans), Olive Oil, Garlic powder, Chili powder, Pepper, black and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Citation: Peever, T., Chen, W., Adbo, Z., Kaiser Jr, W.J. 2012. Genetic of virulence in Ascochyta rabiei. Plant Pathology. 61: 754-760. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02566.x. Interpretive Summary: Ascochyta rabiei causes the devastating disease Ascochyta blight of chickpea. Different classification systems have been proposed to separate the isolates into discrete categories like races, pathogenic groups or pathotypes without a clear understanding of its genetic mechanisms, which has resulted in inconsistency and confusion. In order to gain a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of Ascochyta rabiei in causing the disease, a genetic cross was made between a highly virulent strain and a less virulent strain, and the progeny of the cross were tested for virulence on two chickpea cultivars Spanish White and Dwelley. Analysis of the results showed that the virulence of Ascochyta rabiei is under control of more than one gene or quantitative genetic control. Thus the simple classes of ...
On this revolutionary step-by-step book you are going to uncover the most highly effective fats loss system ever developed to today. Are they a compelling kabuli chana for weight loss to develop your body to your larger. The very fact is that setting up and firming your stomach will do little or no that can help you to lose abdomen fat and flatten your stomach. This eating regimen is the meat eaters dream. Utilizing the quantity of caffeine in these merchandise for a long time frame cant be good. Insulin is a substance whose most essential job is to process sugar within the bloodstream, and carry it to cells for use. Youll work together the muscle teams right now, simply by sitting erect in kabjli chair and tightening the muscle tissues barely beneath your abdomen. We all know that herbs and spices are used with cooking to various levels, and naturally the first reason for doing so is to make food way more tasty and attention-grabbing. Step in your scale as quickly as per week to measure your ...
Chickpea is the major pulse crop cultivated in Ethiopia. However, its production is constrained due to genotype instability and environmental variability.  This research was carried out to examine the magnitude of environmental effect on yield of chickpea genotypes and to investigate the stability and adaptability of genotypes under different agro-ecologies.  Twelve genotypes evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications in three locations for two continuative years. Various stability indices used to assess stability and genotype by environment performances. Combined analysis of variance for yield and yield components revealed highly significant (P≤0.01) differences for genotypes, environments and their interaction. Growing years do not show difference. The significant interaction showed genotypes respond differently across environments.  At Guduru, Hareto and Gitilo, top performing genotype in grain yield were genotype 229961 (2.33ton/ha), genotype 225887 (3
While epidemiologic studies dont always single out garbanzo beans using their company beans when determining their relationship to heart disease, garbanzo beans are more often than not within the set of legumes studied when cardiovascular disease is definitely the focus of diet research. Large-scale epidemiologic studies provide us with an incredible look at potential heart advantages of garbanzo beans, and the evidence shows garbanzo beans to become outstanding in this region. As low as 3/4 cup of garbanzos every day may help lower our LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglycerides in the one-month period of time. This cardiovascular support will likely come from multiple aspects of garbanzo beans and their nutrient composition. About one-third from the fiber in garbanzo beans is dietary fiber, and this sort of fiber is the type most closely associated with support of heart health. As mentioned earlier with this Health And Fitness Benefits section, garbanzo beans furthermore have a ...
3S18: Crystal structure of a plant albumin from Cicer arietinum (chickpea) possessing hemopexin fold and hemagglutination activity
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Chickpeas - Free to use unique search engine of reliable, genuine and verified companies, suppliers, exporters, sellers, manufacturers, factories, traders, tradeleads of products and services from all over the world.
I didnt know that Garbanzo beans are the same as chickpeas until recently. Well, I was eating quite a bit of chickpeas at one stage and they were always in
Chickpeas Vegetable - Curry Chickpeas is low fat and very healthy for human body. We should include chickpeas in our menu list and prepare minimun after every couple of week. Here is a tasty and balanced spiced recipe of chickepeas that you would like certainly.
Garbanzo beans, also called chickpeas, are used in many traditional dishes across the Middle East and East. These beans are full of protein, fiber and are...
Want to Know How to Sprout Chickpeas? Watch This!, How to grow sprouts easily at home!, Raw Sprouted Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans) Raw, Paleo, Vegan, Ridiculously Easy Sprouting 101, Raw Sprouted Chick Pea Hummus - Crumbs
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Penne with Spinach and Chickpeas in Garlic Sauce based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Ronzoni Healthy Harvest whole wheat spaghetti style pasta (dry), Olive Oil, Chickpeas (garbanzo beans), Spinach, frozen, Tomatoes, red, ripe, raw, year round average and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Having read about dried legumes and that uncooked legumes can be poisonous but the poison is dissipated upon cooking in boiling water for 10-20 minutes. My question is which legumes? Are garbanzo
See all results for Quinoa And Garbanzo Bean Salad No Null No (green Beans) Recipes. Find more recipes at Foodily.com - the largest recipe search site - and see the ones your friends like.
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Chickpea is a pulse crop. The peas have a high protein content and can be used in a variety of dishes. Chickpeas were already cultivated 7500 years ago.
Dal (Lentils), Diabetic, Gluten Free, High Protein, Low Fat, Vegan, Winter Recipesbengal gram, Black Chickpeas, Chana, Gluten Free, Gravy / Sauces, kala, pressure cooker, Vegan, VegetarianManjula Jain Kala Chana is very high in protein and provides a nutritional meal. It has a low glycemic index and is a good protein option for people with Diabetes. Kala Chana is a variation of the commonly found chickpea but it is dark brown in color and smaller in size. It is also known as Bengal gram.. ...
One liter of Chickpea also called gabanzo beans were made into fermented tempeh. The chickpeas were washed,boiled for 45 minutes,cooled with water,rubbed together to remove the skins which were floated off about 5 times (the mycelium cannot permeate the skins in some cases if left on), the skinned beans were then pressure cooked for about a hour, cooled then starter added, it requires little starter. The treated beans were placed in ziplock bags for fermenting. The beans need air so holes were punched in the bags using an oven meat fork. Fermentation was about 24 hours a bit longer does no harm. The mycelium starter does its magic and the end product is a rich easily digestible protein ...
Recipe for Stewed Chickpeas: In the area around Pisa, chickpeas are stewed with greens and anchovies, a delightful combination. Pasta can also be added for a complete one-dish meal
I forgot about these!. I was looking for a Wednesday Recipe and saw these waiting for a photo… so I HAD to make them just to take a photo. Oh poor me.. Mind you my boys devoured most of them!. Also see Moroccan Chickpea Crunchies. VARIATION: If you dont like Chickpeas then you can do this with Almonds or Cashews. Just place in oven for 25-30 minutes and then follow from Step 4. ...
Chickpea cookies are full of protein and other nutritious goodness. They taste so fudgey and light. Give this chickpea cookies recipe a try and youll see!
About This Work , Plut. Cic. 1-49 (end) , About This Work ». 1It is said of Helvia, the mother of Cicero, that she was well born and lived an honourable life; but of his father nothing can be learned that does not go to an extreme. For some say that he was born and reared in a fullers shop, while others trace the origin of his family to Tullus Attius,[1] an illustrious king of the Volscians, who waged war upon the Romans with great ability. 2However, the first member of the family who was surnamed Cicero seems to have been worthy of note, and for that reason his posterity did not reject the surname, but were fond of it, although many made it a matter of raillery. For "cicer" is the Latin name for chick-pea, and this ancestor of Cicero, as it would seem, had a faint dent in the end of his nose like the cleft of a chick-pea, from which he acquired his surname. 3Cicero himself, however, whose Life I now write, when he first entered public life and stood for office and his friends thought he ought ...
Ive recently come across a great source for dried chickpeas, hence the subject of beans, and so Ive been cooking with a lot of chickpeas recently. The source, incidentally, is the bulk bin at PCC Edmonds and the reason these chickpeas are so great is that they plump up into fat, tender morsels when I soak and cook them. I wouldnt be so impressed if Id had the same experience with other dried chickpeas - usually they turn out smaller, and even after soaking and proper cooking the skin is still a little tough, and the inside can be mealy. This may happen with dried beans if they are old and past their prime, so either the bulk bins at PCC have a high turnover (which I dont doubt, considering the locals dedication to PCC) or theyve recently bought a particularly fresh batch of dried chickpeas ...
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The best thing was that it was quick and easy to prepare and loaded with protein, vitamins, and minerals. I have been using a little more tomatoes since we are getting closer to summer and some stores and markets are starting to carry local tomatoes. Tomatoes are antioxidant powerhouses and are really and truly a summer produce. They are known for their high concentration of lycopene which studies show may be beneficial for lung, heart, and prostate health.. Chard, quinoa, and chickpeas all provide protein along with other benefits. Quinoa has all of the essential amino acids making it a plant based complete protein. Chards are loaded with vitamins A and K, and are a great source of magnesium, calcium, and iron.. This tasty and healthy vegan meal will call you back for seconds. Give it a try and let me know what you think.. ...
Remove the tough veins from the kale leaves. Tear leaves into large pieces. Bring a large pot of salted water to a rolling boil. Add the kale leaves. Blanch until bright green but not wilted, 10-15 seconds. Drain immediately and refresh under cold water or in a bowl of ice water. Spread in one layer on a kitchen towel and blot dry. Toss kale, carrots and red cabbage together in a large bowl. Add the chickpeas, raisins and half of the quinoa. Toss with half of the vinaigrette. Transfer to a serving platter or divide among serving plates. Sprinkle with additional quinoa. Drizzle with remaining dressing to taste.. This post is the first in a series of monthly posts devoted to Cooking for Your Health. In coordination with my long-time friend, Knirke, who is a Swiss-based pilates instructor, this column will provide a monthly recipe designed to boost health in synchronization with the season and a particular health theme in Knirkes monthly newsletter. This month, the theme is breathing. Clear and ...
Chickpeas are a natural source of unsaturated fats, starch, sugar, phosphorus, salt, potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron oxide, and vitamins C and D. Chickpeas are recommended to be consumed by those persons who do lots of physical work or suffer from asthenia, as they are a very good source of energy.. Chickpeas are also a great diuretic, as they eliminate uric acid and chlorine so they act as a urinary antiseptic. Chickpeas are also recommended in digestive insufficiency and for the elimination of intestinal parasites.. ...
Yes, they are flavorless and starchy and full of fat. If you are looking on something which is rich in fats and improve overall health, Chickpeas is the right food grain for you.
I came across this recipe for crunchy roasted chickpeas ages ago, but kept forgetting to give it a try. If you are someone who loves hummus (like me) but are looking for some variety, this will do the trick.
See all results for Roasted Tomato Pasta With Chickpeas No Null No Chicken Recipes. Find more recipes at Foodily.com - the largest recipe search site - and see the ones your friends like.
Properly rinse and drain chickpeas. Place in a bowl and mash to the desired consistency with a fork (you might want it completely smooth or with some chunks left).. Add remaining ingredients to the bowl and combine. Add to your toast, salad or simply eat like this. Store in the fridge for 3-4 days in an airtight container.. ...
Marinated chickpeas get tossed with fresh parsley, chopped Spanish chorizo, a little green onion and diced red bell pepper for color, and a handful of black olives to finish the dish.After
Recipe for Pureed Chickpeas With Stir Fried Vegetables: This puree also makes a great dip served with strips of toasted pita bread or potato chips.
Recent advances in genomics and associated disciplines like bioinformatics have made it possible to develop genomic resources, such as large-scale sequence data for any crop species. While these datasets have been proven very useful for the understanding of genome architecture and dynamics as well as facilitating the discovery of genes, an obligation for, and challenge to the scientific community is to translate genome information to develop products, i.e. superior lines for trait(s) of interest. We call this approach, "translational genomics in agriculture" (TGA). TGA is currently in practice for cereal crops, such as maize (Zea mays) and rice (Oryza sativa), mainly in developed countries and by the private sector; progress has been slow for legume crops. Grown globally on 62.8 million ha with a production of 53.2 million tons and a value of nearly 24.2 billion dollars, the majority of these legumes have low crop productivity ( ...
So if you grow potatoes in one area in one year, you would then follow the same area with legumes in Year 2 then brassicas in Year 3 and roots in Year 4. Whichever point you start at, you always follow the same direction of travel. If you do not grow potatoes, then you could replace this with members of the squash family for instance as they also like a rich recently manured fertile soil.. There is a great deal of conflicting advice regarding legumes. Legumes are able to fix their own nitrogen and one of the theories is that if you follow a legume crop with brassicas, the nitrogen is then available for the brassicas to take up. I have also read that this is not true and that you would have to dig the spent legume crop into the soil for the next crop to benefit from nitrogen release. Below are the main and most common vegetable families (in blue, relatively easy vegetables to grow to get you started). When designing a rotation, members of each family can be grouped in one area and with members of ...
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DESI 281. This course enhances students knowledge and skills of typography in relation to the field of Graphic Design through the completion of a number of investigative projects at an intermediate level, which gradually increase in scope and complexity. Through development of projects in various media students learn how typographic principles of accessibility, hierarchy, grids and organizational structure can be manipulated to meet different audience needs and project objectives. The course emphasizes the development of intermediate-level strategic documents such as project briefs and rationales as the basis to inform design decisions. Course content is delivered using a lecture/activity/ discussion format, and students participate in critiques, both in-class and online ...
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Pulses, which include chickpeas/garbanzo beans, dry peas and lentils, are increasingly being recognized for their role in promoting good health. Researchers have reported that regular consumption of pulses may reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancer. Pulses are a versatile, easy-to-prepare ingredient that can be used in entrees, salads, breads and desserts.
Organic dry Garbanzo beans are best. These need to soak for a few hours. Setting up the bean soak just before bed time is a good idea. Or in the morning for cooking later in the afternoon. You need to have a high level of water for soaking, as the beans absorb water and expand greatly. After you pour your dry chickpeas into a large bowl, then fill the bowl with water an inch or so beyond merely covering the beans. A generous pinch of tumeric serves as a digestive aid for any type of beans. When the beans become crunchy chewable, the soak is done ...
These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Information is presented for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your healthcare professional. Consult your doctor or health professional before starting a treatment or making any changes to your diet. Also note that this page may contain affiliate links ...
Amino acid RDIs are based on the World Health Organizations recommended daily intake for an adult human weighing 70 kg (154.3 pounds). "Protein and amino acid requirements in human nutrition". WHO Press, page 150 ...
Pureed chickpeas doesnt sound that appetizing at first, but the simple yet delicious mixture of chickpeas, olive oil, lemon juice and a bit of salt - call A global lifestyle platform for digital storytelling, premiering exclusive daily content. We are a curated destination for the culturally curious, a point of reference for leaders in media and style, and a platform committed to all things living.
I made a chickpea miso a couple of years ago (literal, not miso years). Ive just gone to decant it and the mixture is d a r k. It is very very thick and almost smells like chocolate. I scraped the top inch off and had a little taste. It taste pretty good but Im a bit shocked at making something nearly black from chickpeas ...
Left: our one surviving chickpea. For some reason, the entire bed of chickpeas has failed to sprout. The rest of our feast garden is ...
100% grain free formula with unique nutrient-dense legume carbohydrate sources like garbanzo beans and peas, naturally concentrated in energy. Minimally processed freeze dried raw pieces mixed in with the kibble. Rich in high-quality protein, these inclusions provide authentic nourishment and a taste cats have evolved to crave ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of the acute and subacute trimorphamide administration on the nervous system. AU - Farkas, I.. AU - Kiraly, V.. AU - Desi, I.. PY - 1983/1/1. Y1 - 1983/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021088321&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021088321&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:0021088321. VL - 28. SP - 375. EP - 380. JO - Ceskoslovenska Hygiena. JF - Ceskoslovenska Hygiena. SN - 0009-0573. IS - 7-8. ER - ...
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Ahlawat A, Katoch M, Ram G and Ahuja A (2010). Genetic diversity in Acorus calamus L. as revealed by RAPD markers and its relationship with β-asarone content and ploidy level. Sci. Hortic. 124: 294-297. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2009.12.035 Ahmad F, Khan AI, Awan FS, Sadia B, et al. (2010). Genetic diversity of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germplasm in Pakistan as revealed by RAPD analysis. Genet. Mol. Res. 9: 1414-1420. doi:10.4238/vol9-3gmr862 PMid:20662156 Chung MG and Kang SS (1996). Genetic variation within and among populations of Camellia japonica (Theaceae) in Korea. Can. J. For. Res. 26: 537-542. doi:10.1139/x26-061 Collard BC and Mackill DJ (2008). Marker-assisted selection: an approach for precision plant breeding in the twenty-first century. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 363: 557-572. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2170 PMid:17715053 PMCid:2610170 Dorokhov DB and Klocke E (1997). A rapid and economic technique for RAPD analysis of plant genomes. Russ. J. Genet. 33: 443-450. Ferrara ...
Chakraborty, Kajal (2012) Green Mussel extract (GMe) goes commercial First Nutraceutical produced by an ICAR institute. CMFRI Newsletter (135). pp. 5-6. Chakraborty, Kajal and Anusree, M and Makkar, Fasina (2017) Antioxidant Activity of Brown Seaweeds. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 26 (4). pp. 406-419. ISSN ISSN: 1049-8850 Chakraborty, Kajal and Chakkalakal, Selsa Jose and Joseph, Deepu (2016) Antioxidative Status of a Nutrient Enriched Formulation of Perna viridis in a Time Series Shelf-Life Study. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 25 (5). pp. 666-683. Chakraborty, Kajal and Chakkalakal, Selsa Jose and Joseph, Deepu and Asokan, P K and Vijayan, K K (2016) Nutritional and Antioxidative Attributes of Green Mussel (Perna viridis L.) from the Southwestern Coast of India. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 25 (7). pp. 968-985. Chakraborty, Kajal and Devakumar, C (2006) Chemical Hybridizing Agents for Chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.): Leads from QSAR Analysis of Ethyl ...
Article in Press. Improvement on the livelihood of small holder farmers through scaling up improved Chickpea varieties with its production package in Vertisols areas of North Shewa. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is an ancient crop that belongs to the legume family. It is a high-value pulse crop that is adapted to deep black soils in cool semi-arid areas of tropics, sub-tropics as well as temperate area. These activities were conducted in the vertisols areas of North shewa Amhara Region of Ethiopia with the objectives of increasing farmers capacity in production and yield of chickpea for both seed and.... Author(s):Dejene Mamo, Teklemariam Ayele, Abiro Tigabie, Amsalu Abie and Ngussie Kefelegn. ...
Varshney RK, Song C, Saxena RK, Azam S, Yu S, Sharpe AG, Cannon S, Baek J, Rosen BD, Taran B, Millan T, Zhang X, Ramsay LD, Iwata A, Wang Y, Nelson W, Farmer AD, Gaur PM, Soderlund C, Penmetsa RV, Xu C, Bharti AK, He W, Winter P, Zhao S, Hane JK, Carrasquilla-Garcia N, Condie JA, Upadhyaya HD, Luo MC, Thudi M, Gowda CL, Singh NP, Lichtenzveig J, Gali KK, Rubio J, Nadarajan N, Dolezel J, Bansal KC, Xu X, Edwards D, Zhang G, Kahl G, Gil J, Singh KB, Datta SK, Jackson SA, Wang J, Cook DR. Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 Jan 27. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2491.. Garg R, Patel RK, Jhanwar S, Priya P, Bhattacharjee A, Yadav G, Bhatia S, Chattopadhyay D, Tyagi AK, Jain M. Gene discovery and tissue-specific transcriptome analysis in chickpea with massively parallel pyrosequencing and web resource development. Plant Physiol. 2011 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print].. Hiremath PJ, Farmer A, Cannon SB, Woodward J, Kudapa H, Tuteja R, Kumar ...
This study presents the development of an enhanced map in faba bean. The map contains 258 loci, mostly gene-based markers, organized in 16 linkage groups that expand 1,875 cM, with an average inter-marker distance of 7.26 cM. The combination of EST-derived markers with a number of markers physically located or previously ascribed to chromosomes by trisomic segregation, allowed the allocation of eight linkage groups (229 markers), to specific chromosomes. Moreover, this approach provided anchor points to establish a global homology among the faba bean chromosomes and those of closely-related legumes species. The map was used to identify and validate, for the first time, QTLs controlling five flowering and reproductive traits: days to flowering, flowering length, pod length, number of seeds per pod and number of ovules per pod. Twelve QTLs stable in the 2 years of evaluation were identified in chromosomes II, V and VI. Comparative mapping suggested the conservation of one of the faba bean genomic ...
A gentle formulation that conditions your hair and keeps your hair silky smooth, soft and tangle-free. Nourishes your hair with natural proteins giving it the shine of health. Key Ingredients: China Rose & Lotus: Effective natural hair and scalp conditioners. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) & Oat: Rich sources of natural proteins. Package: 200 ml   Aqua, Cetearyl Alcohol, Amodimethicone & Trideceth-12 &
Rich & creamy cheddar. Powered by chickpeas. 18 g (per serving) protein. Gluten free. Chickpea pasta makes better Mac & Cheese. The easy, cheesy oh-so-delicious meal you grew up with just got better. Banza took pasta made from chickpeas and added loads of yummy, cheesy goodness. Banza vs Average Deluxe Mac: Banza per Serving: 18 g protein; 8 g fiber; 28 g net carbs (Net carbs = total carbs - dietary fiber). Average Deluxe Mac per Serving: 11 g protein; 1 g fiber; 41 g net carbs (Net carbs = total carbs - dietary fiber). Get inspired by delicious recipes at EatBanza.com. Find us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram (at)EatBanza. High fiber. High protein. Low glycemic index. RBST-free (No significant difference has been shown between milk derived from rBST-treated and non rBST-treated cows).. ...
Grain legumes remain important to meet the projected targets relating to food and nutritional security worldwide. The complementation of cereal-based food with grain legumes is a vegetarian diet with high-quality protein. However, the performance of these crops is severely influenced by a number of biotic and abiotic stresses, of which pests and pathogens remain the crucial affecting plants at different growth stages. Chemical pesticides are mainly employed across the world for management of pests and pathogens. The risk associated with the environmental pollution and health hazards to man, plants, domestic animals, and wild life makes these pesticides ecologically unacceptable. Also, major damage caused by pests of grain legumes are systemic in nature, and their management through chemicals often yields unsatisfactory outcome. This has led to increasing shift in the attention of scientific community towards eco-friendly and safer technologies for pest management in legumes. Sustainable protection
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Smashed chickpea salad made with chickpeas, avocado, cilantro, green onion, and lime juice. This quick, easy, and healthy salad makes a great sandwich or dip.
Smashed chickpea salad made with chickpeas, avocado, cilantro, green onion, and lime juice. This quick, easy, and healthy salad makes a great sandwich or dip.
Ingredients:. about 800 g chickpeas - macerated, cooked and cooled. 2 large sweet potatoes. 2 onions. 5 tablespoons olive oil some for frying. 4 tablespoons psyllium seed husks (psyllium fibre / psyllium husk). 2 dl water. Fresh or dried chilli to taste. 8 tsp coriander seeds. 4 tsp cumin seeds. 4 tsp sumac. 4 tsp salt. How to:. Mix psyllium husk and 2 dl cold water in a small bowl and set aside while you prepare the rest of the ingredients.. Blend the chickpeas in a food processor until they are a coherent paste, but no longer - they must not be liquid. If they are a little dry , then just blend until they are very finely ground.. Grate the sweet potatoes on a grater or blend them until they have approximately. same consistency as if you had used the grater.. Do the same with the onions.. Pulverize coriander seeds and cumin seeds in spice mill.. Mix all ingredients well in a bowl and allow to sit for about. 10 minutes.. Fry one and see if you are satisfied with the result. Taste and. possible ...
Season chicken with salt and pepper and leave for 30 minutes at room temperature.. Place the chicken in a large pot. Add stock and some water if the chicken is not fully covered. Add onion, garlic, bay leaf, celery, and bring to a boil. Skip any foam off the top. Cover the pot and cook for 10 minutes over low heat. Add carrots and potatoes and cook for another 15 minutes.. Cook chorizo sausages for 2 minutes in a pot of boiling water. Add them together with the chickpeas to the pot with the chicken. Cover and simmer for 20 minutes or until the chicken is cooked through.. To make the sauce, add parsley, tomatoes, and 1/3 cup of the cooking liquid in a food processor and pulse. Transfer the mixture to a bowl. Whisk in all the remaining ingredients and season with salt and pepper.. Discard onion, celery, garlic, and bay leaf. Serve the remaining veggies, chicken, chorizo, and chickpeas in a bowl poured over with some broth, along with the sauce.. ...
1 to 2 tablespoons vegetable oil 1 onion, chopped 2 to 4 tablespoons minced garlic 1 (15 ounce) can chickpeas, drained or 12 ounces cooked chickpeas 1 (10 ounce) package chopped frozen spinach, thawed and drained or 8 ounces fresh spinach 2 to 3 tablespoons lemon juice 1 tablespoon tahini 1 tablespoon concentrated tomato paste 1 tablespoon ground coriander 1 tablespoon ground cumin 1 tablespoon ground ginger 1 tablespoon ground paprika or cayenne pepper salt, to taste 1/4 to 3/4 cup liquid (water, wine, or vegetable broth)
This Chickpea and Baby Beet Salad features a colorful medley of baby greens, chickpeas, and quick-pickled red onions along with cooked beets.
A Brazilian isolate of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (F. o. f. sp. phaseoli) was used to determine the reactions of 66 lines of beans to the Fusarium yellows pathogen in greenhouse tests. The distal 1 cm of root tips of 1-wk-old seedlings grown in sterilized sand were removed, roots were dipped in a spore suspension of F. o. f. sp. phaseoli for 5 min, and the seedlings were then transplanted into pots filled with pasturized soil. As the concentration of F. o. f. sp. phaseoli spores was increased from 0 to 1 × 107 / ml, incubation time to the first disease symptom was decreased and disease severity ratings (DSR) increased on the field-susceptible cultivar IPA 1. However, only slight disease symptoms occurred at a spore concentration of 1 × 107 on the line HF 465-63-1, known to show resistance under field conditions in Brazil. Severely infected plants became defoliated and often died within 2 3 wk. The dead stem and petiole tissues were covered with pink to orange spore masses. The extent ...
Crispy handcrafted wraps filled with garbanzo beans. Irresistible Indian cuisine. No preservatives added. Medium spiced. Dipping sauce inside. Vegan. No preservatives added. Sukhis Chickpea Samosas make an appetizing side dish or snack. Weve included our delectable cilantro chutney for dipping. Perfectly sized for party platters, they will spice up any gathering of family or friends. Now its easy to share the irresistible flavors of Sukhis anytime! There are two types of people: people who love Indian food and the people who just havent tried it yet. Come into my kitchen and fall in love. - Sukhi Singh. For more irresistible products and serving ideas: www.sukhis.com. www.sukhis.com, 1-888-478-5447. Facebook: Like us on Facebook. www.facebook.com/sukhis. A Culture of Taste: Every culture has their version of the stuffed dumpling. Samosas are world-famous for their crispy fried texture and spiced stuffings. Samosas can be a snack, a main dish or a dessert, depending on the stuffing. Our ...
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Nectria haematococca mating population (MP) VI isolates that contain the MAK1 gene are able to degrade maackiain, a chickpea (Cicer arietinum) phytoalexin, to a less toxic compound. To test the contribution of MAK1 to the virulence of N. haematococca MP VI on chickpea, the MAK1 gene was disrupted in a highly virulent Mak+ isolate or added to a weakly virulent Mak- isolate via transformation. The disruption of MAK1 decreased virulence to a moderate level, while addition of multiple copies of MAK1 increased virulence to either a moderate or a high level. These data demonstrate that maackiain detoxification is a determinant, but not the only determinant, of virulence in N. haematococca MP VI isolates capable of causing disease on chickpea. MAK1 is located on a 1.6-Mb conditionally dispensable chromosome. To ascertain if there are additional genes influencing virulence toward chickpea stems on the MAK1 chromosome, the loss of this chromosome was chemically induced in an isolate containing the ...
Recent drought events have caused substantial yield loses in Australia and therefore genetic improvement of drought tolerance has become a high priority in wheat breeding programs. As some Western Australian wheat varieties have shown high levels of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) at anthesis, understanding the role of WSC in terminal drought tolerance has been the primary focus of our recent drought research. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of stem WSC at anthesis on drought tolerance during grain filling and map the genes responsible for the accumulation of stem carbohydrates and grain yield. Two doubled-haploid (DH) populations, Westonia/Kauz (W/K) and Westonia*2/Janz (W/J), were studied in the field environment under conditions where water supply was manipulated. The analysis of grain yield data showed 3 to 5-fold variation in under drought conditions. Transgressive segregation was observed for grain yield in both populations. Stem carbohydrate concentrations at ...
Utilization of genomic technologies for plant breeding Comparative genomics in fungi Integration of genomic technologies into agriculture Selected publications 1.Gal TZ, Glazer I, Sherman A and Koltai H.2005. Protein Interaction of Nucleosome Assembly Protein 1 and Casein Kinase 2 During Desiccation Response in the Insect-Killing Nematode Steinernema feltiae IS-6. J. Parasitol. 91: 691-693. 2. Ben-Ari G, Zenvirth D, Sherman A, Lavi U, Hillel J and Simchen G. 2005. Application of SNPs for the assessment of biodiversity in yeast. Heredity 95: 493-501. 3. Lichtenzveig J, Gamliel E, Frenkel O, Michaelido S, Abbo S, Sherman A and Shtienberg D. 2005. Distribution of Mating Types and Diversity in Virulence of Didymella rabiei in Israel. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 113: 15-24. 4. Ghanim M, Dombrovsky A, Raccah B, Sherman A. 2006. A microarray approach identifies ANT, OS-D and takeout-like genes as differentially regulated in alate and apterous morphs of the green peach aphid Myzus ...
SUCROSE, MACADAMIA INTEGRIFOLIA SEED OIL, AQUA, DICAPRYLYL CARBONATE, DECYL OLEATE, SUCROSE STEARATE, SESAMUM INDICUM SEED OIL, ARGANIA SPINOSA KERNEL OIL, PROPANEDIOL, GLYCERIN, PHENOXYETHANOL, PARFUM, ALOE BARBADENSIS LEAF EXTRACT, ALCOHOL, XANTHAN GUM, CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE, HYDROLYZED CICER SEED EXTRACT, ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN, BIOFLAVONOIDS, BRASSICA OLERACEA ITALICA EXTRACT, ASCORBYL PALMITATE, CITRIC ACID, ASCORBIC ACID. Sastojci su navedeni u opadajućem nizu zapremine prema obaveznom zahtevu o deklarisanju ...
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case demonstrating FDEIA due to chickpea in an adolescent patient, and only the second case overall reporting FDEIA due to chickpea. The first case was identified in a 41-year-old woman after dancing [11]. Legumes are not a common food associated with FDEIA, and there are minimal reports in the literature. Of interest, Orhan and Karakas discuss a 17-year-old with FDEIA to lentils [9]. Adachi et al. describe the first known case of FDEIA induced by soybean products in a 16-year-old girl who ate tofu [8]. So far, FDEIA is more common in adolescents and adults, but should not be overlooked when assessing younger patients [6].. This case demonstrates the challenge in identifying specific causative food allergens when foods are eaten in combination and when a potential allergen is contained in processed food. Rice crackers and hummus were the suspected foods and therefore several potential allergens were investigated based on their ingredients: wheat, ...
Authors. Andre K. Gonsalves, Educational Specialist. Stephen A. Ferreira, Extension Plant Pathologist. Department of Plant Pathology, CTAHR. University of Hawaii at Manoa. HOSTS. In Hawaii, hosts of Fusarium oxysporum include: potato, sugarcane, garden bean, cowpea, Prickly pear, cultivated zinnia, pansy, Assam rattlebox, Babys breath, and Musa sp. (Raabe et al., 1981).. Like various other plant pathogens, Fusarium oxysporum has several specialized forms - known as formae specialis (f.sp.) - that infect a variety of hosts causing various diseases. In Hawaii, these include: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. asparagi (fusarium yellows on asparagus); f.sp. callistephi (wilt on China aster); f.sp. cubense (Panama disease/wilt on banana); f.sp. dianthi (wilt on carnation); f.sp. koae (on koa); f.sp. lycopersici (wilt on tomato); f.sp. melonis (fusarium wilt on muskmelon); f.sp. niveum (fusarium wilt on watermelon); f.sp. pisi (on edible-podded pea); f.sp. tracheiphilum (wilt on Glycine max); and f.sp. ...
H(037) cough, H(076) ulcers, H(082)asthma, H(118) laryngitis, pharyngites, to grind together, gum Acacia raddiana, candy sugar, gum - mastic Pistacia lentiscus , sesame Sesamum indicum, encens Boswellia sp. gum Astragalus gummifer, pea - meager Cicer aritanum, beans Vicia fabal, to mix with some olive oil, dough, VO. 2X / day (whole Marocco ...
Reduction of seed dormancy mechanisms, allowing for rapid germination after planting, is a recurrent trait in domesticated plants, and can often be linked to changes in seed coat structure, in particular thinning. We report evidence for seed coat thinning between 2,000 BC and 1,200 BC, in southern Indian archaeological horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum), which it has been possible to document with high precision and non-destructively, through high resolution x-ray computed tomography using a synchrotron. We find that this trait underwent stepped change, from thick to semi-thin to thin seed coats, and that the rate of change was gradual. This is the first time that the rate of evolution of seed coat thinning in a legume crop has been directly documented from archaeological remains, and it contradicts previous predictions that legume domestication occurred through selection of pre-adapted low dormancy phenotypes from the wild.
"Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) - Feedipedia". www.feedipedia.org. Retrieved 26 February 2018.. *^ "Cicer arietinum L. - Plants of ... ciceris (32 countries) Uromyces ciceris-arietini (25 countries), bean leafroll virus (23 countries), and Macrophomina ... "Chickpea (Cicer arietinum)". www.Feedipedia.org. Retrieved 10 May 2019.. *^ "Taxonomy and Nomenclature for Family Leguminosae ... The name "chickpea" traces from 13th-century French chiche and cicer, the Latin term for "chickpea".[9] The term chich-pease, ...
"Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) - Feedipedia". www.feedipedia.org. Retrieved 26 February 2018.. *^ "Cicer arietinum L. - Plants of ... ciceris (32 countries) Uromyces ciceris-arietini (25 countries), bean leafroll virus (23 countries), and Macrophomina ... The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is an annual legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.[2][3] Its ... a b c Bampidis, V.A. & Christodoulou, V. (2011). Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) in animal nutrition: A review. Animal Feed ...
Heterodera ciceri Reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis Root knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Meloidogyne javanica ...
Biller, Beth A.; Crossfield, Ian J. M.; Mancini, Luigi; Ciceri, Simona; Southworth, John; Kopytova, Taisiya G.; Bonnefoy, ...
Chickpea, garbanzo, Bengal gram (code 0191, Cicer arietinum). *Dry cowpea, black-eyed pea, blackeye bean (code 0195, Vigna ...
Cicer *Cicer arietinum (chickpea or garbanzo bean). *Pisum *Pisum sativum (pea). *Lathyrus *Lathyrus sativus (Indian pea) ...
declining) Cicer minutum Boiss. et Hohen. - (declining) Desmodium oldhami Oliv. - (declining) Eremosparton aphyllum (Pall.) ...
ciceri". Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 52: 154-161. doi:10.1016/j.plaphy.2011.12.005. Jones, Jonathan D. G.; Dangl, ...
Ciceri M-F (1974) Méthodes d'analyse multivariée dans la géographie anglo-saxonne, Université de Paris-1 ; free download on ...
Huang, X; Spencer, G. J.; Lynch, J. T.; Ciceri, F; Somerville, T. D.; Somervaille, T. C. (2014). "Enhancers of Polycomb EPC1 ...
Ciceri, Simona; Henning, Thomas. "Detection of the Atmosphere of the 1.6 M ⊕ Exoplanet GJ 1132 b". The Astronomical Journal. ...
Ciceri, S.; D'Ago, G.; Galianni, P.; Gu, S.-H.; Harpsøe, K.; Hinse, T. C.; Juncher, D.; Korhonen, H.; Mancini, L.; Popovas, A ...
Grimaldi, D.; Mea, E.; Chiapparini, L.; Ciceri, E.; Nappini, S.; Savoiardo, M.; Castelli, M.; Cortelli, P.; Carriero, M. R.; ...
Cicer arietinum L.. leblebija (graškolika). Fabaceae. Intraspecijsko hibridno porijeklo. Upitno. Cicer arietinum L. Desi i ...
Ciceri, Simona (2015). "Characterizing Transiting Extrasolar Planets" (PDF). Max Planck Institute for Astronomy. p. 28. ...
ciceris Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. citri Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. coffea Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense Fusarium oxysporum f.sp ...
Clemens S.; Barz W. (1996). "Cytochrome P450-dependent methylenedioxy bridge formation in Cicer arietinum". Phytochemistry. 41 ...
... cicer (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.162 --- clitoria (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.175 --- ...
Sebastian Ciceri Sebastian Ciceri - production, recording Chance Hutchison - vocals (Track 3) Cosmo Jones - drum samples ( ... Moonlit Heavy is the first studio album by American electronic music artist Sebastian Ciceri released on March 21, 2006. All ... tracks written by Sebastian Ciceri. All personnel credits adapted from Moonlit Heavy's liner notes. ...
Kanouni, H.; A. Taleei; M. Okhovat (2011). "Ascochyta Blight (Ascochyta rabiei (Pass) Lab.) of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): ...
2-Methoxyjudaicin found in the roots of Cicer bijugum Haginin D Somjen, D; Katzburg, S; Vaya, J; Kaye, AM; Hendel, D; Posner, ... Veitch, Nigel C.; Stevenson, Philip C. (1997). "2-Methoxyjudaicin, an isoflavene from the roots of Cicer bijugum". ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan, Cicer and Dolichos species. They bore into the seed cavity of their host plant. A small mound ...
"Morphology and general characteristics of phages specific for Astragalus cicer rhizobia". Curr. Microbiol. 40 (2): 110-113. doi ...
Alexandrine Isabey (1791-1871), Madame Charles Ciceri, sign., oil on canvas, 141 × 98 cm (55,5 × 38,6 in). 1994 auction. Mme. H ...
Stucco decoration was added by Giovanni Battista Ciceri. He also worked in Pescia, for example in the Oratory della ...
Astragalus cicer L. Astragalus perplexus Maassoumi Astragalus pishchakensis Maassoumi Astragalus gilviflorus Sheld.-plains ...
Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes, a field experiment was conducted with 17 chickpea genotypes using a randomized complete block ... To determine the association between genetic parameters and traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes, a field ... "Genetic variability and interrelationships among agronomic traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes". Crop Breeding ... Genetic variability and interrelationships among agronomic traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. ...
Noun 1. chickpea plant - Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds Cicer arietinum, Egyptian pea ... Screening chickpea (Cicer arietinum) for resistance to crenate broomrape (Orobanche crenata Forsk.) in middle Egypt ... Agronomic effectiveness of mycorrhizal Cicer arietinum L. plants on mechanism of proline in imparting protection, against NaCl ... Effects of salt stress on growth and nutrients concentration in cx hickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) ...
Many Cicer perennials and annual plants grow in different environments. So far, none of the perennial Cicer species have been ... But the narrow variation of the wild progenitor (Cicer reticulatum) of the chickpea and the limited number of Cicer reticulatum ... The wild progenitor of the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is Cicer reticulatum. Since the chickpea has descended from this wild ... Drought resistance is another opposition to overcome for many Cicer perennials. About 90% of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) in the ...
"Astragalus cicer L". Food and Agriculture Organization. Retrieved 8 July 2011. "Cicer milkvetch (Astragalus cicer L.(" (PDF). ... Astragalus cicer is suited best to grow in the Rocky Mountain area in the United States; however, it has been shown that cicer ... Flowers of Astragalus cicer are pale yellow and 15-16 cm in length. Cicer milkvetch employs inflorescence of its flowers, where ... Astragalus cicer, the chickpea milkvetch, chick-pea milk-vetch or cicer milkvetch, is a perennial flowering plant native to ...
Greco R, Ciceri F, Noviello M, Bondanza A, Vago L, Oliveira G, Peccatori J, Cieri N, Ruggeri A, Koehl U, Fleischhauer K, Rocha ... Cardinale D, Ciceri F, Latini R, Franzosi MG, Sandri MT, Civelli M, Cucchi G, Menatti E, Mangiavacchi M, Cavina R, Barbieri E, ... Santoro N, Labopin M, Ciceri F, Van Lint MT, Nasso D, Blaise D, Arcese W, Tischer J, Bruno B, Ehninger G, Koc Y, Santarone S, ... Canaani J, Labopin M, Huang XJ, Ciceri F, Van Lint MT, Bruno B, Santarone S, Diez-Martin JL, Blaise D, Chiusolo P, Wu D, Mohty ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cicer arietinum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cicer_arietinum&oldid=4749371" ... Genus: Cicer Sectio: C. sect. Cicer Species: Cicer arietinum Name[edit]. Cicer arietinum L. Sp. pl. 2:738. 1753 ...
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the second most important grain legume cultivated by resource poor farmers in the arid and ... Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is grown on low input marginal lands and represents an important component of the subsistence ... Ahmad F, Gaur PM, Croser J (2005) Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In: Singh RJ, Jauhar PP (eds) Genetic resources, chromosome ... Serraj R, Krishnamurthy L, Kashiwagi J, Kumar J, Chandra S, Crouch JH (2004) Variation in root traits of chickpea (Cicer ...
Cicer album hort.3. Cicer arientinium L.. Cicer arientinum L.. Cicer edessanum Bornm.13. Cicer grossum Salisb.1, 11, 13. Cicer ... Cicer physodes Rchb.1, 11, 13. Cicer rotundum Alef.1, 11, 13. Cicer sativum Schkuhr1, 11, 13. Cicer sintenisii Bornm.13. Ononis ... Tribe: Cicereae; Genus: Cicer Vernacular names. Bengal Gram7; Bengal Gram18; Bengal Gram1; But (Hi)18; Catjang Arab19; Cece (It ... Cicer Tete-de-belier (Fr)27; Cieciorka (Pl)20; Dhale6; Garbanzo23; Garbanzo20; Garbanzo1; Garbanzo Bean1; Garvance1; Goyun ...
Cicer Arietinum Nodulation Pathway Chickpea Genome Nodulin Gene GRAS Domain These keywords were added by machine and not by the ... Davis TM (1988) Two genes that confer ineffective nodulation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J Hered 79:476-478Google Scholar ... Varshney RK, Song C, Saxena RK, Azam S et al (2013) Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for ... Matthews LJ, Davis TM (1990) Anatomical comparison of wild-type and non-nodulating mutant chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Can J Bot ...
L. cicera L.. Annual, glabrous. Stem narrowly winged. Leaf: stipules lanceolate; leaflets 2, 3 6 cm, linear to linear- ... Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Lathyrus cicera Retrieve dichotomous key for Lathyrus Overlay ...
Naim, A. and Gasim Ahmed, F. (2015) Variation in Thermal time model Parameters Between Two Contrasting Chickpea (Cicer ... Gaur, P.M., Krishnamurthy, L. and Kashiwagi, J. (2008) Improving Drought-Avoidance Root Traits in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L ... Variation in Thermal time model Parameters Between Two Contrasting Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cultivars ... Interspecific Variation in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) at Constant Temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 37, 1503- ...
Non-homologous end-joining - Mesorhizobium ciceri [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil of chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.).. Kathiravan R1, Jegan S, Ganga V, Prabavathy VR, Tushar ...
Baron F, Mohty M, Blaise D, Socié G, Labopin M, Esteve J, Ciceri F, Giebel S, Gorin NC, Savani BN, Schmid C, Nagler A. Anti- ... Nagler A, Labopin M, Beelen D, Ciceri F, Volin L, Shimoni A, Foá R, Milpied N, Peccatori J, Polge E, Mailhol A, Mohty M, Savani ... Santoro N, Ruggeri A, Labopin M, Bacigalupo A, Ciceri F, Gülbaş Z, Huang H, Afanasyev B, Arcese W, Wu D, Koc Y, Tischer J, ... Canaani J, Savani BN, Labopin M, Huang XJ, Ciceri F, Arcese W, Tischer J, Koc Y, Bruno B, Gülbas Z, Blaise D, Maertens J, ...
A trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor from chick peas (Cicer arietinum) P Smirnoff P Smirnoff ... P Smirnoff, S Khalef, Y Birk, S W Applebaum; A trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor from chick peas (Cicer arietinum). Biochem J ... Purification and characterization of a membrane-bound ATP diphosphohydrolase from Cicer arietinum (chick-pea)roots Biochem J ( ...
Cicer arietinum) in Malaysia...F. Mahmodi, J. B. Kadir, and A. Nasehi, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, ...
Keywords: Cicer arietinum L.; chickpea; chickpeasaponin B1; microwave-assisted extraction; alkaline hydrolysis Cicer arietinum ... Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Kun Cheng. ... "Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)." Molecules 22 ...
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important pulse crop grown and consumed all over the world because it is a good source of ... R. Ravi and J. B. Harte, "Milling and physicochemical properties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties," Journal of the ... N. Singh, K. S. Sekhon, U. Bajwa, and S. Goyal, "Cooking and parching characteristics of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)," Food ... A. K. Jukanti, P. M. Gaur, C. L. L. Gowda, and R. N. Chibbar, "Nutritional quality and health benefits of chickpea (Cicer ...
Cicer arietinum,/i,). The study was carried out in plant agar media to prevent precipitation of water-insoluble nanoparticles ... Seeds of plant species mung (Vigna radiata) and gram (Cicer arietinum) were purchased locally. Seeds were kept in dry place in ... The maximum effect was found at 20 ppm for mung (Vigna radiata) and 1 ppm for gram (Cicer arietinum) seedlings. Beyond this ... Effect of Nano-ZnO Particle Suspension on Growth of Mung (Vigna radiata) and Gram (Cicer arietinum) Seedlings Using Plant Agar ...
Mapping and identification of a Cicer arietinum NSP2 gene involved in nodulation pathway. ...
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important legume crop, which ranks third among the pulses in production globally (FAO, 2014 ... 2013a). Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nat. Biotechnol. 31, 240 ... 2011). Large−scale transcriptome analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), an orphan legume crop of the semi−arid tropics of ... 2009). A NAC transcription factor gene of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum), CarNAC3, is involved in drought stress response and ...
Why Sequence Mesorhizobium ciceri by bisserulae?. Though nitrogen is an abundant element in the Earths atmosphere, plants ... farming crop that thrives in acidic soil because of its interaction with the acid-tolerant symbiont Mesorhizobium ciceri by ...
Mesorhizobium ciceri biovar biserrulae (strain HAMBI 2942 / LMG 23838 / WSM1271). Mesorhizobium ciceri. Mesorhizobium sp. YR577 ... Mesorhizobium ciceri biovar biserrulae (strain HAMBI 2942 / LMG 23838 / WSM1271). Mesorhizobium ciceri. 497. UniRef100_ ... Mesorhizobium ciceri biovar biserrulae (strain HAMBI 2942 / LMG 23838 / WSM1271)Imported. ,p>Information which has been ... tr,E8TEA0,E8TEA0_MESCW Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase large chain OS=Mesorhizobium ciceri biovar biserrulae (strain HAMBI ...
Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Chickpea plants were grown in non-saline and saline conditions, with a ... Cicer / chemistry, drug effects*, growth & development. Genotype. Ozone / toxicity*. Potassium. Sodium / analysis. Sodium ... Effects of salinity and ozone, individually and in combination, on the growth and ion contents of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum ... Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Chickpea plants were grown in non-saline and saline conditions, with and without a repeated ...
Transcriptome Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): Applications in Study of Gene Expression, Non-Coding RNA Prediction, ... Cicer arietinum L.): Applications in Study of Gene Expression, Non-Coding RNA Prediction, and Molecular Marker Development, ... Cicer arietinum L.): Applications in Study of Gene Expression, Non-Coding RNA Prediction, and Molecular Marker Development, ... embed/applications-of-rna-seq-and-omics-strategies-from-microorganisms-to-human-health/transcriptome-analysis-in-chickpea-cicer ...
  • Astragalus cicer, the chickpea milkvetch, chick-pea milk-vetch or cicer milkvetch, is a perennial flowering plant native to Eastern Europe, popularized and subsequently transported to areas in Southern Europe, North America, and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • To address this issue a wide range of domesticated (n= 1762) and wild Cicer (n= 200) germplasm collected from sites stratified by flowering phase temperature was extensively field evaluated, and compared with Lupinus angustifolius, a well-adapted Mediterranean winter annual. (edu.au)
  • Ecological genetic divergence of the fungal pathogen Didymella rabiei on sympatric wild and domesticated Cicer spp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • article{Frenkel2010EcologicalGD, title={Ecological genetic divergence of the fungal pathogen Didymella rabiei on sympatric wild and domesticated Cicer spp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Genetic relationship in Cicer Sp. (usda.gov)
  • Different ecological affinities and aggressiveness patterns among Didymella rabiei isolates from sympatric domesticated chickpea and wild Cicer judaicum. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Fabio Ciceri has over 180 publications in peer-reviewed journals (including key research papers in Nature Medicine, the Lancet Oncology, New England Journal of Medicine and Blood), with a mean I.F. of 8,3. (hsr.it)
  • In regards to proliferation, cicer milkvetch spread by its utilization of rhizomatous growth, in addition to its reproduction via seeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tempeh flour from chickpea (Cicer arietnum L). Nutr Physicochem Prop Food Chem 106: 106-112. (inia.es)
  • The Oxford English Dictionary lists a 1548 citation that reads, " Cicer may be named in English Cich, or ciche pease, after the Frenche tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Citation : Ciceri, F. (redorbit.com)
  • In regards to obtaining adequate amounts of nitrogen, cicer milkvetch employs a mutualistic relationship with rhizobia bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • These results are strong evidence that the Biserrula mesorhizobia and M. ciceri belong to the same group of bacteria. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Significant differences were revealed between the Biserrula mesorhizobia and M. ciceri in growth conditions, antibiotic resistance and carbon source utilization. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Differences between easy-and difficult-to-mill chickpea (Cicer arietinumL. (hud.ac.uk)