A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile spores (zoospores) at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also include examples of plant, animal, and fungal pathogens.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.

Emerging infectious diseases and amphibian population declines. (1/240)

We review recent research on the pathology, ecology, and biogeography of two emerging infectious wildlife diseases, chytridiomycosis and ranaviral disease, in the context of host-parasite population biology. We examine the role of these diseases in the global decline of amphibian populations and propose hypotheses for the origins and impact of these panzootics. Finally, we discuss emerging infectious diseases as a global threat to wildlife populations.  (+info)

Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in a breeding colony of African clawed frogs (Xenopus tropicalis). (2/240)

More than 90% of a breeding colony of clawed frogs (Xenopus tropicalis) imported to the United States from western Africa died in an epizootic of chlamydiosis. Chlamydial inclusions were observed by light and electron microscopy in the liver of an infected frog. Chlamydia pneumoniae was isolated in cell cultures from four frogs. A cutaneous infection by a chytridiomycete fungus observed in two frogs could have been a cofactor in the die-off.ous Diseases  (+info)

PCR primers that amplify fungal rRNA genes from environmental samples. (3/240)

Two PCR primer pairs were designed to amplify rRNA genes (rDNA) from all four major phyla of fungi: Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chytridomycota, and Zygomycota. PCRs performed with these primers showed that both pairs amplify DNA from organisms representing the major taxonomic groups of fungi but not from nonfungal sources. To test the ability of the primers to amplify fungal rDNA from environment samples, clone libraries from two avocado grove soils were constructed and analyzed. These soils possess different abilities to inhibit avocado root rot caused by Phythophthora cinnamomi. Analysis of the two rDNA clone libraries revealed differences in the two fungal communities. It also revealed a markedly different depiction of the soil fungal community than that generated by a culture-based analysis, confirming the value of rDNA-based approaches for identifying organisms that may not readily grow on agar media. Additional evidence of the usefulness of the primers was obtained by identifying fungi associated with avocado leaves. In both the soil and leaf analyses, no nonfungal rDNA sequences were identified, illustrating the selectivity of these PCR primers. This work demonstrates the ability of two newly developed PCR primer sets to amplify fungal rDNA from soil and plant tissue, thereby providing unique tools to examine this vast and mostly undescribed community of organisms.  (+info)

Double-hairpin elements in the mitochondrial DNA of allomyces: evidence for mobility. (4/240)

The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of the chytridiomycete fungus Allomyces macrogynus contains 81 G+C-rich sequence elements that are 26-79 bases long and can be folded into a unique secondary structure consisting of two stem-loops. At the primary sequence level, the conservation of these double-hairpin elements (DHEs) is variable, ranging from marginal to complete identity. Forty of these DHEs are inserted in intergenic regions, 35 in introns, and 6 in variable regions of rRNA genes. Ten DHEs are inserted into other DHE elements (twins); two even form triplets. A comparison of DHE sequences shows that loop regions contain more sequence variation than helical regions and that the latter often contain compensatory base changes. This suggests a functional importance of the DHE secondary structure. We further identified nine DHEs in a 4-kb region of Allomyces arbusculus, a close relative of A. macrogynus. Eight of these DHEs are highly similar in sequence (90%-100%) to those in A. macrogynus, but only five are inserted at the same positions as in A. macrogynus. Interestingly, DHEs are also found in the mtDNAs of other chytridiomycetes, as well as certain zygomycete and ascomycete fungi. The overall distribution pattern of DHEs in fungal mtDNAs suggests that they are mobile elements.  (+info)

Production of polyclonal antibodies to Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and their use in an immunoperoxidase test for chytridiomycosis in amphibians. (5/240)

Polyclonal antibodies were produced for diagnosing chytridiomycosis in amphibians. Two sheep and 4 rabbits were inoculated with homogenized whole culture of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Freund's complete adjuvant or triple adjuvant. Antisera from all animals reacted strongly with all stages of B. dendrobatidis and stained the walls, cytoplasm, rhizoids and zoospores in an indirect immunoperoxidase test. Significant cross-reactivity occurred only with some fungi in the Chytridiomycota, and there are no members of this phylum besides B. dendrobatidis that infect frogs. The immunoperoxidase stain is a useful screening test when combined with recognition of the morphology and infection site of B. dendrobatidis.  (+info)

Uptake of the glucose analogue 2-deoxyglucose by germinating mitospores of Allomyces macrogynus. (6/240)

Mitospores or cysts of Allomyces macrogynus do not take up the glucose analogue 2-deoxyglucose. Uptake of 2-deoxyglucose by germlings begins at 25 min into germination, the start of the rhizoid stage, and increases in rate by approximately 50-fold until 100 min into germination. The rate remains constant from 100 to 200 min, at which time germination is completed and hyphal formation begins. The presence of glucose in the germination medium blocks the uptake of 2-deoxyglucose. Of the other sugars tested, only galactose had any effect on 2-deoxyglucose uptake. Actinomycin D treatment during germination in a glucose-containing medium prevented the appearance of the uptake system, but actinomycin D was not effective after the transfer to a glucose-free medium. Cycloheximide treatment prevented the appearance of the uptake system if it was added at the time of the transfer to the glucose-free medium; it inhibited uptake only partially if the germlings were starved of glucose before its addition. It appears, therefore, that both ribonucleic acid synthesis during germination and protein synthesis after the removal of glucose are required for the uptake of 2-deoxyglucose.  (+info)

Spatial and cellular localization of calcium-dependent protease (CDP II) in Allomyces arbuscula. (7/240)

Immunogold labeling of calcium-dependent neutral protease II (CDPII) with specific antibodies in near median longitudinal ultrathin sections of Allomyces arbuscula showed that the enzyme is predominantly localized in the growing hyphal and rhizoidal apices. The tips in both cell type had more enzyme than the distal regions and showed a gradient distribution. Labeling of the ultrathin sections and western blot analysis of purified subcellular fractions showed that CDPII is mainly cytosolic. Catalytic activity of the enzyme measured with synthetic substrate (Bz-Arg-pNA) showed that 90% of its activity is present in the soluble fraction, although a small amount is associated with the nuclei (0.2%), plasma membranes (0.7%) and microsomes (3.9%). This association is discussed in the context of the functional role of the enzyme and its possible localized activation. Western blot analysis of the crude extract and indirect immunofluorescence of the fixed permeabilized hypahe after treatment with CDPII showed that the alpha-tubulin is a specific target of the enzyme.  (+info)

Evolution of monoblepharidalean fungi based on complete mitochondrial genome sequences. (8/240)

We have determined the complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences of three chytridiomycete fungi, Monoblepharella15, Harpochytrium94 and Harpochytrium105. Our phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated mitochondrial protein sequences confirms the placement of Mono blepharella15 together with Harpochytrium spp. and Hyaloraphidium curvatum within the taxonomic order Monoblepharidales, with overwhelming support. These four mtDNA sequences encode the standard fungal mitochondrial gene complement and, like certain other chytridiomycete fungi, encode a reduced complement of 7-9 tRNAs, some of which require 5'-tRNA editing to be functional. Highly conserved sequence elements were identified upstream of almost all protein-coding genes in the mtDNAs of Monoblepharella15 and both Harpochytrium species. Finally, a guanosine residue is conserved upstream of the predicted ATG or GTG start codons of almost every protein-coding gene in these genomes. The appearance of this G residue correlates with the presence of a non-canonical cytosine residue at position 37 in the anticodon loop of the mitochondrial initiator tRNAs. Based on the unorthodox features in these four genomes, we propose that a 4 bp interaction between the CAUC anticodon of these tRNAs and GAUG/GGUG codons is involved in translation initiation in monoblepharidalean mitochondria. Intriguingly, a similar interaction may also be involved in mitochondrial translation initiation in the sea anemone Metridium senile.  (+info)

Chytridiomycota is a phylum that includes various species of fungi known as chytrids. These fungi are characterized by having a unique life cycle that involves a motile, flagellated stage in their reproductive process. Chytridiomycota fungi can be found in a wide range of environments, including freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Some species of chytrids are parasites that infect various organisms, such as algae, plants, and animals, while others are saprophytes that obtain nutrients by decomposing organic matter.

One notable species of Chytridiomycota is Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which is a pathogenic fungus that infects the skin of amphibians. This fungus has been implicated in declines and extinctions of amphibian populations worldwide, making it a significant concern for global biodiversity conservation efforts.

Fungi, in the context of medical definitions, are a group of eukaryotic organisms that include microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. The study of fungi is known as mycology.

Fungi can exist as unicellular organisms or as multicellular filamentous structures called hyphae. They are heterotrophs, which means they obtain their nutrients by decomposing organic matter or by living as parasites on other organisms. Some fungi can cause various diseases in humans, animals, and plants, known as mycoses. These infections range from superficial, localized skin infections to systemic, life-threatening invasive diseases.

Examples of fungal infections include athlete's foot (tinea pedis), ringworm (dermatophytosis), candidiasis (yeast infection), histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, and aspergillosis. Fungal infections can be challenging to treat due to the limited number of antifungal drugs available and the potential for drug resistance.

18S rRNA (ribosomal RNA) is the smaller subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome, which is the cellular organelle responsible for protein synthesis. The "18S" refers to the sedimentation coefficient of this rRNA molecule, which is a measure of its rate of sedimentation in a centrifuge and is expressed in Svedberg units (S).

The 18S rRNA is a component of the 40S subunit of the ribosome, and it plays a crucial role in the decoding of messenger RNA (mRNA) during protein synthesis. Specifically, the 18S rRNA helps to form the structure of the ribosome and contains several conserved regions that are involved in binding to mRNA and guiding the movement of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) during translation.

The 18S rRNA is also a commonly used molecular marker for evolutionary studies, as its sequence is highly conserved across different species and can be used to infer phylogenetic relationships between organisms. Additionally, the analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequences has been widely used in various fields such as ecology, environmental science, and medicine to study biodiversity, biogeography, and infectious diseases.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

... are unusual among the Fungi in that they reproduce with zoospores. For most members of Chytridiomycota, sexual ... Chytridiomycota are a division of zoosporic organisms in the kingdom Fungi, informally known as chytrids. The name is derived ... Chytridiomycota at the U.S. National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) (CS1: long volume value, Articles with ... The population of the Chytridiomycota species are able to be supported even though there is a lack of plant life in these ...
Cavalier-Smith, In: Green, Leadbeater, and Diver (eds.), The Chromophyte Algae: 385 (1989). "Chytridiomycota". Archived from ...
"Chytridiomycota , phylum of fungi". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 May 2019. McConnaughey, M (2014). Physical Chemical ... Taylor, Krings and Taylor, Thomas, Michael and Edith (2015). "Fossil Fungi Chapter 4 - Chytridiomycota". Fossil Fungi: 41-67. ... Holt, Jack R.; Iudica, Carlos A. (9 January 2014). "Chytridiomycota". Diversity of Life. Susquehanna University. Retrieved 29 ...
Powell, Martha J.; Letcher, Peter M. (2014). "Chytridiomycota, Monoblepharidomycota, and Neocallimastigomycota". In Esser, K ...
Chytridiomycota A phylum of fungi. Informally known as chytrids. Characterized by chitinous cell walls and reproduction via ... The four traditional phyla of (true) fungi are Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Zygomycota; Glomeromycota and ... Freshwater fungi include: Many zoosporic fungi of Chytridiomycota, Chytridiales, and Saprolegniales; some saxicolous lichens of ...
... a new order in Chytridiomycota". Mycol Res. 113(Pt 4): 498-507. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2008.12.004. PMID 19422076. Tedersoo, Leho ...
Letcher, Peter M.; Powell, Martha J. (2002). "A taxonomic summary of Chytriomyces (Chytridiomycota)". Mycotaxon. 84: 447-487. ... a new order in the Chytridiomycota". Mycological Research. 113: 450-460. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2008.11.019. Chytriomyces in ... Chytridiomycota genera, All stub articles, Fungus stubs). ...
Mozley-Standridge SE, Letcher PM, Longcore JE, Porter D, Simmons DR (2009). "Cladochytriales - a new order in Chytridiomycota ... Chytridiomycota genera, Taxa named by Joseph Schröter, Taxa described in 1893, All stub articles, Fungus stubs). ...
The Chytridiomycota are commonly known as chytrids. These fungi are distributed worldwide. Chytrids and their close relatives ... The Neocallimastigomycota were earlier placed in the phylum Chytridiomycota. Members of this small phylum are anaerobic ... 2006). "A molecular phylogeny of the flagellated fungi (Chytridiomycota) and description of a new phylum (Blastocladiomycota ... The Blastocladiomycota were previously considered a taxonomic clade within the Chytridiomycota. Molecular data and ...
Articles with 'species' microformats, Chytridiomycota, Chytridiomycota genera). ...
Blastocladiomycota Chytridiomycota Glomeromycota Microsporidia Neocallimastigomycota Dikarya (inc. Deuteromycota) Ascomycota ...
Chytridiomycota) colonizing the walls of glomeromycotan acaulospores". Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 281: Article ...
... blastocladiomycota and chytridiomycota". Fungal Divers. 73: 1-72. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. S2CID 256066564. Sivanesan, A ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Jones, E.B.G.; ...
Letcher, P.M.; Powell, M.J.; Davis, W.J. (2015). "A new family and four new genera in Rhizophydiales (Chytridiomycota)". ... Letcher, P.M.; Powell, M.J. (2005). "Kappamyces, a new genus in the Chytridiales (Chytridiomycota)". Nova Hedwigia. 80: 113-133 ... 2004). "Host parasite interactions between freshwater phytoplankton and chytrid fungi (Chytridiomycota)". J. Phycol. 40 (3): ... Chytridiomycota) isolates from North America and Argentina". Mycol. Res. 112 (Pt 7): 759-782. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2008.01.025 ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Orange, Alan ( ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. S2CID 38469033 ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. S2CID 256066564 ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. S2CID 38469033. " ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Thüs, Holger; ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. S2CID 38469033 ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73 (1): 1-72 [13-14]. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Orange, Alan ( ...
... is a fungal genus of obligate endoparasites of a variety of hosts, including Oomycota, Chytridiomycota, and ... Traditionally, Rozella has been classified as a member of Chytridiomycota, either as a member of Chytridiales or ... However, molecular phylogenies place it well outside of Chytridiomycota with a plethora of environmental sequences. There is ... Most described species are parasites of Oomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Blastocladiomycota. Rozella itersoniliae is a parasite ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73: 1-72. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Kohlmeyer, J.; Volkmann- ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73: 1-72. Index Fungorum v t e (Articles with short description, ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73: 1-72. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm. ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73: 1-72. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Hyde, Kevin D.; ...
The Fungi kingdom is then divided into five groups - Chytridiomycota. Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Glomeromycotan ...
... is a chytrid fungus family in the division Chytridiomycota. The family was described by German mycologist Joseph ... Chytridiomycota, Fungus families, Taxa named by Joseph Schröter, Taxa described in 1892, All stub articles, Fungus stubs). ...
Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota". Fungal Diversity. 73: 1-72. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4. Meyers, Mycologia 49: 496, ... Chytridiomycota, Entomophthoromycota, Glomeromycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota, Mucoromycota, ...
Chytridiomycota are unusual among the Fungi in that they reproduce with zoospores. For most members of Chytridiomycota, sexual ... Chytridiomycota are a division of zoosporic organisms in the kingdom Fungi, informally known as chytrids. The name is derived ... Chytridiomycota at the U.S. National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) (CS1: long volume value, Articles with ... The population of the Chytridiomycota species are able to be supported even though there is a lack of plant life in these ...
For Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Chytridiomycota), available treatments rely on temperature, partially combined with ...
Intercomparison of two fluorescent dyes to visualize parasitic fungi (Chytridiomycota) on phytoplankton. Microb. Ecol. 85 (1), ...
One re-occurring group is Chytridiomycota (chytrids), which are parasites on phytoplankton. They infect all major phytoplankton ...
Phyla Ascomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Zygomycota Lichens Kingdoms Chromista, Protozoa Slime and Water Moulds Viruses Plants ( ... Ascomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Zygomycota Slime and Water Moulds Plants Trees and Bushes Herbaceous Plants Grasses Rushes, ...
HOST PARASITE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN FRESHWATER PHYTOPLANKTON AND CHYTRID FUNGI (CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA)1. BW Ibelings, A De Bruin, M ...
Incertae sedis, Incertae sedis, Chytridiomycetidae, Chytridiomycetes, Chytridiomycotina, Chytridiomycota, Fungi. Synonymy (See ...
Chytridiomycota and Basidiomycota; and the Cercozoa classes Sarcomonadea, Thecofilosea and Imbricatea. We showed that microbial ...
Chytridiomycota are largely aquatic or semiaquatic and usually have swimming stages in their life cycles. Zygomycota are ...
Since Chytridiomycota diverged from moulds and mushrooms, each group evolved unique mechanisms for constructing different cell ... This constitutes the first report on the cytology of hyphae from the Chytridiomycota. In Chapter 3, I discuss the significance ... Although most fungi feed with hyphae, phylum Chytridiomycota produces various alternative cell shapes. Here I address three ... My second hypothesis was that actin, a major cytoskeletal component, is also involved in morphogenesis in Chytridiomycota. ...
... rekke Chytridiomycota) (2-2-3). For enkelte undergrupper er også kunnskapen relativt god, blant annet for ursekksporesoppene ( ...
Chytridiomycota, Entomophthoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Glomeromycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota, ...
As a representative of the Chytridiomycota (chytrids), the sequence of B. dendrobatidis is the first in this largely ... As a representative of the Chytridiomycota (chytrids), the sequence of B. dendrobatidis is the first in this largely ...
In a study across fungal phyla (Basidiomycota, Ascomycota, Zygomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Glomeromycota), fungi at higher ...
Another problem group is the Chytridiomycota (chytrids), which arguably may belong with the Protoctists, not the fungi. ...
Fungi contain five true phyla including Chytridiomycota, the Zygomycota, the Ascomycota, the Basidiomycota, and Glomeromycota. ...
90 dat tot verbeterd inzicht leidde in de relaties tussen schimmels die van oudsher bij de stammen Chytridiomycota en ... 1990s that resulted in an improved understanding of relationships of fungi traditionally placed in the phyla Chytridiomycota ...
Mortierellomycota and Chytridiomycota. We also detected taxa belonging to the rare phyla Mucoromycota and Rozellomycota, which ...
These are followed by sections on the groups of "true fungi": Chytridiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, "Zygomycota", Ascomycota and ...
Chytridiomycota, and Microsporidia Fungus. Table - link N/A. 109450. Choi J, Park J, Kim D.... ...
The next divergence leads to the phylum Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota, which are free-living saprobes or parasitoids [ ... Mu, Mucoromycota; Zo, Zoopagomycota; Ch, Chytridiomycota; Bl, Blastocladiomycota. C Distribution of dihydroorotate ... Blastocladiomycota or Chytridiomycota, is closer to these non-flagellated fungi [5]. Non-flagellated fungi include the ... Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota are sister groups to the non-flagellated fungi (terrestrial fungi), although ...
Our results reveal that Ascomycota and Chytridiomycota are the most abundant fungal taxa in these habitats. We show that also ... need for further systematic analysis of fungal diversity along with studies on taxonomy and ecological roles of Chytridiomycota ...
some chytrids (Chytridiomycota, a fungal group with some colonial members). *yeasts (these are atypical members of generally ...
Chytridiomycota. Chytridiales (Olpidium, Synchytrium) Blastocladiales (Blastocladiella, Allomyces) Zygomycota Mucorales ( ...
Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota). ... A) Chytridiomycota. i) Chytridiomycetes. (B) Zygomycota. i) ...
phylum Chytridiomycota * class Chytridiomycetes * family Olpidiaceae * genus Olpidium Authorship (A. Braun) J. Schröt. (A. ...
Chytridiomycota) on Phytoplankton, Microbial Ecology, 10.1007/s00248-021-01893-7, IF: 3.600 ...
"Fungi" as used herein includes the phyla Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota, and Zygomycota (as defined by Hawksworth ...
Chloroplasts probably evolved following an endosymbiotic event between an ancestral, photosynthetic cyanobacterium and an early eukaryotic phagotroph.[16] This event (termed primary endosymbiosis) is at the origin of the red and green algae (including the land plants or Embryophytes which emerged within them)) and the glaucophytes, which together make up the oldest evolutionary lineages of photosynthetic eukaryotes, the Archaeplastida.[17] A secondary endosymbiosis event involving an ancestral red alga and a heterotrophic eukaryote resulted in the evolution and diversification of several other photosynthetic lineages such as Cryptophyta, Haptophyta, Stramenopiles (or Heterokontophyta), and Alveolata.[17] In addition to multicellular brown algae, it is estimated that more than half of all known species of microbial eukaryotes harbor red-alga-derived plastids.[18] Red algae are divided into the Cyanidiophyceae, a class of unicellular and thermoacidophilic extremophiles found in sulphuric hot ...
The study revealed the dominance of Ascomycota (94%) in both cultivars, followed by Chytridiomycota (4%) and Zygomycota (2%). ... Chytridiomycota accounted for 16% of the fungal populations in the mesocarp of Khenizi (Fig. 4). ... The study revealed the dominance of Ascomycota (94%) in both cultivars, followed by Chytridiomycota (4%) and Zygomycota (2%). ...
  • Chytridiomycota are a division of zoosporic organisms in the kingdom Fungi, informally known as chytrids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chytridiomycota are unusual among the Fungi in that they reproduce with zoospores. (wikipedia.org)
  • the kingdom Fungi contains 3 major divisions: Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota and Dikaryomycota. (thecanadianencyclopedia.ca)
  • As a representative of the Chytridiomycota (chytrids), the sequence of B. dendrobatidis is the first in this largely uncharacterized phylum of fungi. (broadinstitute.org)
  • Another problem group is the Chytridiomycota (chytrids), which arguably may belong with the Protoctists, not the fungi. (cliffsnotes.com)
  • Members in this phylum are subject to being moved to other phyla, due to research done in the 1990s that resulted in an improved understanding of relationships of fungi traditionally placed in the phyla Chytridiomycota and Zygomycota. (getty.edu)
  • This grouping, approximately synonymous with the loose term 'lower fungi', is no longer used because it includes taxa not now thought to be related to each other (chiefly Oomycota, Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota). (istudy.pk)
  • Leden van deze stam worden mogelijk nog bij andere stammen ondergebracht, naar aanleiding van onderzoek uit de jaren '90 dat tot verbeterd inzicht leidde in de relaties tussen schimmels die van oudsher bij de stammen Chytridiomycota en Zygomycota waren ingedeeld. (getty.edu)
  • V taxonomickom zaradení sú entomopatogénne druhy zastúpené v kmeňoch Basidiomycota, Chytridiomycota, Oomycota a Zygomycota . (scicell.org)
  • We detected 346 fungal amplicon sequence variants dominated by the phyla Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Mortierellomycota and Chytridiomycota. (bas.ac.uk)
  • Our results reveal that Ascomycota and Chytridiomycota are the most abundant fungal taxa in these habitats. (utu.fi)
  • Molecular phylogenetics, and other techniques such as ultrastructure analysis, has greatly increased the understanding of chytrid phylogeny, and led to the formation of several new zoosporic fungal phyla: The order Blastocladiales, originally within the Chytridiomycota, are now classified as a separate phylum, the Blastocladiomycota. (wikipedia.org)
  • The next divergence leads to the phylum Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota, which are free-living saprobes or parasitoids [ 10 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Flagella are produced only by the gametes in the primitive Phylum Chytridiomycota. (edu.vn)
  • One re-occurring group is Chytridiomycota (chytrids), which are parasites on phytoplankton. (umu.se)
  • Ang Rhizidiocystis ananasi sakop sa kahenera nga Rhizidiocystis , kahanay nga Chytridiales , klase nga Chytridiomycetes , division nga Chytridiomycota , ug kaginharian nga uhong . (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, we determined correlations between putative fungal parasites and potential benthic diatom hosts, highlighting the need for further systematic analysis of fungal diversity along with studies on taxonomy and ecological roles of Chytridiomycota. (utu.fi)
  • Currently, taxonomy in Chytridiomycota is based on molecular data, zoospore ultrastructure and some aspects of thallus morphology and development. (wikipedia.org)
  • For Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Chytridiomycota), available treatments rely on temperature, partially combined with antifungal drugs. (cdc.gov)
  • Species of Chytridiomycota have traditionally been delineated and classified based on development, morphology, substrate, and method of zoospore discharge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Espesye sa uhong sakop sa division nga Chytridiomycota , ug nga gihulagway ni Christos Plutarchos Sideris ni adtong 1929 ang Rhizidiocystis ananasi [1] . (wikipedia.org)
  • Espesye sa uhong sakop sa division nga Chytridiomycota , ug nga gihulagway ni Granata ni adtong 1919 ang Dermomycoides beccarii [1] . (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, the term "chytrid" refers to all members of Chytridiomycota. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chytridiomycota are largely aquatic or semiaquatic and usually have swimming stages in their life cycles. (thecanadianencyclopedia.ca)
  • Molecular phylogenetics, and other techniques such as ultrastructure analysis, has greatly increased the understanding of chytrid phylogeny, and led to the formation of several new zoosporic fungal phyla: The order Blastocladiales, originally within the Chytridiomycota, are now classified as a separate phylum, the Blastocladiomycota. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chytridiomycota, Neocallimastigomycota, and Blastocladiomycota produce zoospores which are mobile. (pediaa.com)
  • Here, the term "chytrid" refers to all members of Chytridiomycota. (wikipedia.org)
  • James TY, Porter D, Leander CA, Vilgalys R, Longcore JE (2000) Molecular phylogenetics of the Chytridiomycota supports the utility of ultrastructural data in chytrid systematic. (vegetosindia.org)
  • Synchytriaceae is a chytrid fungus family in the division Chytridiomycota . (eol.org)
  • The high proportion of chytrid-like microbial sequences found emphasises the role of these freshwater habitats for adding knowledge regarding the ecological trade-offs of the still rather unknown Chytridiomycota. (hes-so.ch)
  • Ang Rhizidiocystis ananasi sakop sa kahenera nga Rhizidiocystis , kahanay nga Chytridiales , klase nga Chytridiomycetes , division nga Chytridiomycota , ug kaginharian nga uhong . (wikipedia.org)
  • red list: The organisms are included in the latest version of the red list, Rødlista 2015, provided by the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (Artsdatabanken) (encompassing the categories CR, EN, VU, NT, and DD, but not RE). (gbif.no)
  • More than a fifth (21%) of the eukaryotic Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) found are ascribed to pathogenic (within 11 Phyla) and potential pathogenic (within 1 phylum, the Chytridiomycota) microorganisms. (hes-so.ch)
  • Species of Chytridiomycota have traditionally been delineated and classified based on development, morphology, substrate, and method of zoospore discharge. (wikipedia.org)
  • The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article " Chytridiomycota ", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License . (sciencedaily.com)