The presence of chyle in the thoracic cavity. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.
The largest lymphatic vessel that passes through the chest and drains into the SUBCLAVIAN VEIN.
An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.
A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
A lyophilized preparation of a low-virulence strain (SU) of Streptococcus pyogenes (S. hemolyticus), inactivated by heating with penicillin G. It has been proposed as a noncytotoxic antineoplastic agent because of its immune system-stimulating activity.
Syndromes of bone destruction where the cause is not obvious such as neoplasia, infection, or trauma. The destruction follows various patterns: massive (Gorham disease), multicentric (HAJDU-CHENEY SYNDROME), or carpal/tarsal.
The production of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura. The procedure is used in the treatment of bronchopleural fistulas, malignant pleural effusions, and pneumothorax and often involves instillation of chemicals or other agents into the pleural space causing, in effect, a pleuritis that seals the air leak. (From Fishman, Pulmonary Diseases, 2d ed, p2233 & Dorland, 27th ed)
Plastic tubes used for drainage of air or fluid from the pleural space. Their surgical insertion is called tube thoracostomy.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
A transient dilatation of the lymphatic vessels.
Paired but separate cavity within the THORACIC CAVITY. It consists of the space between the parietal and visceral PLEURA and normally contains a capillary layer of serous fluid that lubricates the pleural surfaces.
Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)
A disease of the horny parts and of the adjacent soft structures of the feet of cattle, swine, and sheep. It is usually caused by Corynebacterium pyogenes or Bacteroides nodosus (see DICHELOBACTER NODOSUS). It is also known as interdigital necrobacillosis. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 18th ed)
A TETRACYCLINE analog isolated from the actinomycete STREPTOMYCES rimosus and used in a wide variety of clinical conditions.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.
Educational institutions.
A vein which arises from the right ascending lumbar vein or the vena cava, enters the thorax through the aortic orifice in the diaphragm, and terminates in the superior vena cava.
Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.
A tumorlike condition characterized by SMOOTH MUSCLE and ENDOTHELIUM proliferation of LYMPHATIC VESSELS and LYMPH NODES in the MEDIASTINUM and retroperitoneum, also in the lung. It may be manifested by chylous PLEURAL EFFUSION and ASCITES.
Female parents, human or animal.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
A set of surgical procedures performed to establish sufficient outflow to the systemic circulation in individuals with univentricular congenital heart malformations, such as HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME, and MITRAL VALVE atresia, associated with systemic outflow obstruction. Follow-on surgeries may be performed and consist of a HEMI-FONTAN PROCEDURE as the stage 2 Norwood procedure and a FONTAN PROCEDURE as the stage 3 Norwood procedure.
A tricarbocyanine dye that is used diagnostically in liver function tests and to determine blood volume and cardiac output.

Pseudochylothorax in pleural effusion due to coronary artery bypass surgery. (1/145)

This study describes a 64-yr-old male with a chronic left pleural effusion following a coronary artery bypass 3 yrs earlier. On thoracocentesis, turbid fluid was obtained with crystals of cholesterol on microscopic examination, establishing the diagnosis of pseudochylothorax. The pleural fluid cholesterol level was 207 mg x dL(-1) (5.36 mmol x L(-1)). This is the first report of pseudochylothorax in a chronic pleural effusion due to coronary artery bypass surgery.  (+info)

Chylothorax, chylopericardium and lymphoedema--the presenting features of signet-ring cell carcinoma. (2/145)

This report describes a patient with chylous pleural and pericardial effusions in conjunction with severe lymphoedema resembling elephantiasis. The chylous effusions and generalized lymphoedema were associated with a signet-ring cell carcinoma.  (+info)

Chylothorax after myocardial revascularization with the left internal thoracic artery. (3/145)

A 38-year-old male underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A saphenous vein graft was attached to the left marginal branch. The left internal thoracic artery was anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD). The early recovery was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After three months, he came back to the hospital complaining of weight loss, weakness, and dyspnea on mild exertion. Chest X-rays showed left pleural effusion. On physical examination, a decreased vesicular murmur was detected. After six days, the diagnosis of chylothorax was made after a milky fluid was detected in the plural cavity and total pulmonary expansion did not occur. On the next day, both anterior and posterior pleural drainage were performed by videothoracoscopy, and prolonged parenteral nutrition (PPN) was instituted for ten days. After seven days the patient was put on a low-fat diet for 8 days. The fluid accumulation ceased, the drains were removed and the patient was discharged with normal pulmonary expansion.  (+info)

Fatal bilateral chylothorax in mice lacking the integrin alpha9beta1. (4/145)

Members of the integrin family of adhesion receptors mediate both cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and have been shown to play vital roles in embryonic development, wound healing, metastasis, and other biological processes. The integrin alpha9beta1 is a receptor for the extracellular matrix proteins osteopontin and tenacsin C and the cell surface immunoglobulin vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. This receptor is widely expressed in smooth muscle, hepatocytes, and some epithelia. To examine the in vivo function of alpha9beta1, we have generated mice lacking expression of the alpha9 subunit. Mice homozygous for a null mutation in the alpha9 subunit gene appear normal at birth but develop respiratory failure and die between 6 and 12 days of age. The respiratory failure is caused by an accumulation of large volumes of pleural fluid which is rich in triglyceride, cholesterol, and lymphocytes. alpha9(-/-) mice also develop edema and lymphocytic infiltration in the chest wall that appears to originate around lymphatics. alpha9 protein is transiently expressed in the developing thoracic duct at embryonic day 14, but expression is rapidly lost during later stages of development. Our results suggest that the alpha9 integrin is required for the normal development of the lymphatic system, including the thoracic duct, and that alpha9 deficiency could be one cause of congenital chylothorax.  (+info)

Paragonimiasis miyazakii associated with bilateral pseudochylothorax. (5/145)

A 37-year-old man who suffered from bilateral pleural effusions, subcutaneous abdominal induration and blood eosinophilia, was admitted to our hospital. He had ingested raw crabs at a pub-restaurant before the onset of his symptoms. His pleural effusions were chyliform containing cholesterol crystals, and a high level of immunoglobulin E (36,580 IU/ml) and anti-Paragonimus miyazakii antibody were detected. He was effectively treated with praziquantel. This case suggests that paragonimiasis should be strongly suspected if blood eosinophilia, pseudochylothorax, and a high level of immunoglobulin E in pleural effusion are detected.  (+info)

Pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM) developing chylothorax. (6/145)

We describe a case of pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM) with chylothorax that developed in a 46-year-old Japanese woman. This patient exhibited clinical symptoms of dyspnea and chest X-ray showed right pleural effusion. Thoracocentesis demonstrated chylous effusion. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple cystic lesions. Subsequent thoracoscopy revealed the chylorrhea from swelled vessels on the diaphragm. The clinical diagnosis, based on histological examinations with biopsy specimens obtained by thoracoscopy, was pulmonary LAM. Although the hormone therapy was not effective, chylous effusion was improved by the pleurodesis. Pulmonary LAM developing chylothorax is rare in Japan.  (+info)

Thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct. (7/145)

OBJECTIVE: When nonoperative treatment of chylothorax fails, thoracic duct ligation is usually performed through a thoracotomy. We describe two cases of persistent chylothorax, in a child and an adult, successfully treated with thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct. METHODS: A 4-year-old girl developed a right chylothorax following a Fontan procedure. Aggressive nonoperative management failed to eliminate the persistent chyle loss. A 72-year-old insulin-dependent diabetic man was involved in a motor vehicle accident, in which he sustained multiple fractured ribs, a right hemopneumothorax, a right femoral shaft fracture, and a T-11 thoracic vertebral fracture. Subsequently, he developed a right chylothorax, which did not respond to nonoperative management. Both patients were successfully treated with thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct. RESULTS: The child had significant decrease of chyle drainage following surgery. Increased drainage that appeared after the introduction of full feedings five days postoperatively was controlled with the somatostatin analog octreotide. The chest tube was removed two weeks after surgery. After two years' follow-up, she has had no recurrence of chylothorax. The adult had no chyle drainage following surgery. He was maintained on a medium-chain triglyceride diet postoperatively for two weeks. The chest tube was removed four days after surgery. After six months' follow-up, he has had no recurrence of chylothorax. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct provides a safe and effective treatment of chylothorax and may avoid thoracotomy and its associated morbidity.  (+info)

Video-assisted thoracic surgery for the management of pleural and pericardial effusion in Behcet's syndrome. (8/145)

A 28-year-old man, who presented with pleural and pericardial chylous effusion secondary to superior vena cava syndrome, was diagnosed with Behcet's syndrome. A pericardial window was created by video-assisted thoracic surgery to relieve cardiac tamponade, and this technique also enabled lung biopsy, pleural abrasion, and drainage of the pleural effusion. We report this case because of its rarity. To the best of our knowledge, the literature contains no other report of the use of video-assisted thoracic surgery for creating a pericardial window for the treatment of cardiac tamponade in a case of Behcet's syndrome.  (+info)

The authors present a 71-year-old woman who had a right chylothorax after right upper lobectomy for lung cancer. As the chylothorax was considered to be due to thoracic duct injury at the time of operation, lymphoscintigraphy was performed by oral administration of I-123 beta-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP). After visualization of the stomach and intestine, abnormal accumulation of the radiotracer was found initially around the right pulmonary hilum and then spread laterally in the upper pleural cavity, indicating chyle leakage in the region of the right pulmonary hilum. Scintigraphic finding was well correlated with the subsequent thoracoscopic observation, showing chyle leakage from a lymphatic tributary near its confluence to the thoracic duct at the level of the azygos continuation. The disruption site was ligated by video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery procedure with successful termination of the chyle leakage. Lymphoscintigraphy by oral administration of I-123 BMIPP is thought to be a
Chylothorax is an extremely rare and serious complication of cardiac surgery, with a poor outcome unless treated at the right time and in the right way. We report a case of a 76-year-old female who developed chylothorax after coronary artery bypass grafting. The chylothorax was successfully treated in 7 days by octreotide administration and medium-chain triglycerides enriched diet.
Central vein thrombosis as a cause of chylothorax is uncommon, and in a few cases in the literature was related to thrombotic complications of central venous access devices (CVAD). Superior vena cava (SVC) occlusion-induced chylothorax has been described in adult sickle cell disease (SCD) in a setting of chronic indwelling CVAD. There are limited reports on chylothorax induced by central venous thrombosis secondary to chronic CVAD in children with SCD. We describe an 8-year-old male patient, with a history of SCD, maintained on long term erythrocytapheresis for primary prevention of stroke, and whose clinical course was complicated by chylothorax which was successfully treated with a pleuroperitoneal shunt ...
Looking for chylothorax? Find out information about chylothorax. An accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity Explanation of chylothorax
Introduction. Chylous effusions, particularly chylothorax, are frequently reported in dogs and cats. Chyle is the term used to denote lymphatic fluid arising from the intestine and therefore containing a high quantity of fat. Chyle is normally transported to the venous system by a network of lymphatics in the mesentery (intestinal trunk). These lymphatics arborize in the cisterna chyli, a large dilated sac that lies adjacent to the aorta at L1-L4. The thoracic duct (TD) is the cranial continuation of the cisterna chyli and is generally said to begin between the crura of the diaphragm. In dogs (cats), the thoracic duct lies between the aorta and the azygous vein on the right side (left side) of the thorax and terminates in the venous system of the neck (left external jugular vein or jugulo-subclavian angle). Regardless of the etiology, chylothorax is a potentially devastating disease. Chylothorax results in both compromised respiration and debilitation because of loss of large amounts of ...
The authors review their clinical experience with management of postoperative chylothorax among 97 patients. They favor duct ligation over embolization, and recommend intervention in patients with outputs greater than 1,100/day.. ...
Introduction: Chylothorax is a rare, but serious complication after congenital heart surgery in neonates. Management of this condition has been hampered by poor understanding of pathophysiology and limited therapeutic options. Lymphatic imaging could help to diagnose and guide therapy.. Methods: A five week old infant developed chylothorax after Norwood operation for Hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Initially, chyloascites and bilateral chylothoraces occurred. Medical management with inotropes, supportive therapy and Octreotide infusions failed. Non-invasive near-infrared fluorescence lymphatic imaging (NIRFLI) at the bedside was used to determine whether thoracic duct ligation or pleurodesis would restore normal drainage. After an emergency IRB and FDA approvals, indocyanine green was injected intradermally (0.025 - 0.05 ml of 0.25 mg/ml solution) in the left and right feet as well as left hand.. Result: NIRFLI showed that lymph flow from the feet stopped at the level of both groins. From left ...
AbstractCHYLOTHORAX is produced by interruption of the thoracic duct above the aortic hiatus with fistulous communication into a thoracic space. Such a condition is serious and will prove fatal in a high percentage of cases unless adequate treatment is instituted. A review of medical literature suggests considerable variation in opinion as to clinical management of this complication.Etiology: Chylothorax is usually produced by direct trauma to the thoracic duct. Until recently the chief offenders have been penetrating wounds inflicted by bullet, steel fragment or knife. Fractures of the vertebral column and severe compression injuries of the thorax have resulted in interruption of the duct. Neoplasms involving the posterior mediastinum may be capable of producing chylothorax; care must be taken, however, to distinguish between chyle and a chyliform effusion. In recent years an increasing number of surgical procedures have been employed involving the posterior mediastinum; splanch-nicectomy,
PREVENTION:. In many cats, the underlying cause of chylothorax is never determined, and therefore, cannot be prevented.. Chylothorax can occur as a symptom of heart failure caused by heartworm disease. Discuss heartworm prevention with your veterinarian.. PROGNOSIS:. There is a good prognosis with treatment to stabilize breathing and for any underlying conditions.. Since the excess liquid irritates the heart and lungs, scar tissue may form. It will press on the lungs, causing breathing difficulty and long-term damage. Therefore, you must go to the veterinarian as soon as you notice signs.. ...
Two great cases today: one about chylothorax and one about mucocutaneous lupus which got us thinking about abdominal manifestations of lupus! Chylothorax (TG |110mg/dL, usually exudative, can become lymphopenic and malnourished!) Trauma Surgical and procedural (including central lines) Nonsurgical: penetrating or non-penetrating trauma to the neck/thorax/upper abdomen, but can even happen with vomiting, coughing Non-traumatic:…
Congenital chylothorax is an abnormal accumulation of chyle in the pleural space. Most are idiopathic, but it may be a characteristic of Down, Turner ..
Chylotorax is a relatively uncommon and difficult to treat complication after esophagectomy for cancer. We report a case of a young adult male who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiationtherapy followed by Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy for a squamous-cell carcinoma of the distal esophagus. During the postoperative course the patient presented recurrent episodes of hemodynamic instability mimicking cardiac tamponade, secondary to compression of the left pulmonary vein and the left atrium by a mediastinal chylocele. Mediastinal drainage and ligation of the cisterna chyli and the thoracic duct was successfully performed through a transhiatal approach.
A chylothorax is a collection of fluid around the lungs that can occur after cardiac surgery. The fluid contains chyle, a milky fluid consisting of fat droplets. The standard treatment is to feed an infant with a specialized low fat formula for up to 6 weeks until the chest has time to heal. This formula is generally not well tolerated and mothers of our patients have expressed a desire to continue using breast milk. A few case reports have been published, but there have not been any studies to date looking at this. Data will be collected to include information about nutrition, weight gain, teaching needs, surgical, hospital, and discharge information ...
Chylothorax refers to the presence of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space secondary to leakage from the thoracic duct or one of its main tributaries. In 1875, H.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma manifesting as massive malignant chylothorax: successful management with chemotherapy and ambulatory drainages using indwelling pleural catheter
Hi Lab Board! Long time no visit! Short update, finished grad school, just became a teacher, and have added another labbie to the mix. My little guy B
Respiratory compromise may also result from lung contusion, pleural effusion Pleural: effusion such as hemorrhage or chylothorax Chylothorax , restriction of chest wall movement due to rib fractures, or voluntary restriction of chest wall excursion because of pain ...
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The American College of Veterinary Surgeons is the agency by which veterinarians are certified as specialists in surgery. The mission of ACVS is to advance the art and science of surgery and promote excellence in animal health care through research, education and service to the public.
Bastaki et al (2016) described a Jordanian child with HLTS. The boy was born to non-consanguineous healthy parents. An antenatal US had shown ascites with mild pericardial effusion and chylothorax. He was found to have alopecia and abnormal skin colour at birth. Developmental history was normal. Evaluation at 11-months of age revealed the presence of distinct craniofacial features, including microcephaly, periorbital swelling, and absence of eyebrows and eyelashes. He was found to have alopecia totalis, and multiple hemangiomas on the scalp, nape, over the left eyelid, on the back and the scrotal skin. Renal function appeared to be normal. Whole exome sequencing enabled the identification of a novel de novo mutation in the patient within the SOX18 gene, thereby confirming the diagnosis of HLTS. ...
Bastaki et al (2016) described a Jordanian child with HLTS. The boy was born to non-consanguineous healthy parents. An antenatal US had shown ascites with mild pericardial effusion and chylothorax. He was found to have alopecia and abnormal skin colour at birth. Developmental history was normal. Evaluation at 11-months of age revealed the presence of distinct craniofacial features, including microcephaly, periorbital swelling, and absence of eyebrows and eyelashes. He was found to have alopecia totalis, and multiple hemangiomas on the scalp, nape, over the left eyelid, on the back and the scrotal skin. Renal function appeared to be normal. Whole exome sequencing enabled the identification of a novel de novo mutation in the patient within the SOX18 gene, thereby confirming the diagnosis of HLTS. ...
Henderson AC, Ingenito EP, Salcedo ES, Moy ML, Reilly JJ, Lutchen KR. Dynamic lung mechanics in late-stage emphysema before and after lung volume reduction surgery. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2007 Mar 15;155(3):234-42.. Snow BD, Salcedo ES, Greenholz SK, Galante JM. Traumatic Tension Chylothorax in a Child: A Case Report. J Pediatr Surg Case Rep. 2015 Apr; 3 (4):163-165.. Jacobs BG, Turnipseed SD, Nguyen AN, Salcedo ES, Nishijima DK. Acute Medical Diagnoses are Common in Found Down Adult Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department as Trauma. J Emerg Med. 2015 Jun 2.pii:S0736-4679(15)00274-7.. Hight RA, Salcedo ES, Martin SP, Cocanour CS, Utter GH, Galante JM. Level I Academic Trauma Center Integration as a Model for Sustaining Combat Surgical Skills: The Right Surgeon in the Right Place for the Right Time. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Jun; 78 (6).. Dhillon TS, Galante JM, Salcedo ES, Utter GH. The anatomic severity of chest wall injuries does not predict post-recovery pulmonary symptoms: ...
There are some things that really stick out from CAthals stay at Crumlin Hospital, those first 24 hours in ICU, getting a birthday balloon that floated out of a box from Ava, getting out of ICU, not being able to hold him for several weeks because he was in too much pain, Cathal getting withdrawal symptoms while coming off the IV morphine, getting a really cool slinky from Noah, the days when we thought his chylothorax would never heal to name but a few. And to be honest, I dont think I can go through them all again, not even to write it all out here. Im done now with the whole surgery and the 6 weeks we were there. I feel like Ive gotten it all out of my system, well, almost everything. Maybe this coincides with writing my last post and sharing our experience, when we had kept it to ourselves for so long. Maybe it has to do with getting the all clear from Cathals cardiologist a few weeks ago, and the surgical team this week. Needless to say, Cathal is back in action, back on a full fat ...
Gorhams disease is a rare bone disorder that is characterized by bone loss (osteolysis), often associated with swelling or abnormal blood vessel growth (angiomatous proliferation). Bone loss can occur in just one bone, or spread to soft tissue and adjacent bones. It may affect any part of the skeleton, but most commonly involves the skull, shoulder, and pelvis. The cause of Gorhams disease is currently unknown. Most cases occur randomly. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each affected person, and most commonly involves surgery and/or radiation therapy. In some cases, Gorhams disease improves without treatment (spontaneous remission ...
Gorhams disease (pronounced GOR-amz), also known as Gorham vanishing bone disease and phantom bone disease, is a very rare skeletal condition of unknown cause, characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of distended, thin-walled vascular or lymphatic channels within bone, which leads to resorption and replacement of bone with angiomas and/or fibrosis. Current treatments are experimental only. The symptoms of Gorhams disease vary depending on the bones involved. It may affect any part of the skeleton, but the most common sites of disease are the shoulder, skull, pelvic girdle, jaw, ribs, and spine. In some cases there are no symptoms until a fracture occurs either spontaneously or following minor trauma, such as a fall. There may be an acute onset of localized pain and swelling. More commonly there is pain of no apparent cause that increases in frequency and intensity over time and may eventually be accompanied by weakness and noticeable deformity of the area. The rate of progression is ...
Gorhams (GOR-amz) disease is a very rare skeletal condition of uncertain etiology, characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of distended, thin-walled vascular or lymphatic channels within bone, which leads to resorption and replacement of bone with angiomas and/or fibrosis.1, 2 Because of the loss of the affected bone, the condition has been referred to as disappearing bone disease, vanishing bone disease, and massive osteolysis. In medical terminology osteolysis means: bone (osteo) breaking down or destruction (lysis).. The first known report of the condition came in 1838 in an article titled A Boneless Arm in what was then The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, now The New England Journal of Medicine.3 It is a brief but fascinating report chronicling the case of Mr. Brown who had, in 1819 at age 18 years, broken his right upper arm in an accident. The patient suffered two subsequent accidents, which fractured the arm twice more before the curative process had been completed. At ...
Gorhams disease is a rare and potentially fatal condition characterized by proliferation of lymph vessels and destruction of bone tissue. It is important to emphasize novel therapeutic targets.
Digitale Posterpräsentation der Jahrestagung der Deutschen, Österreichischen und Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Thoraxchirurgie im Rahmen des DACH-Kongress 2015.
TGLBF : Triglyceride concentration in body fluids is correlated to the presence of chylomicrons and can be useful when diagnosing chylous effusion or differentiating from pseudochylous effusion.(1) Chylous effusions are characterized by the presence of chyle which contains chylomicrons circulating through the lymphatic system. Pseudochylous effusions do not have chylomicrons. These fluids have a milky appearance and can be confused with chylous effusions. While chylous effusions often have elevated triglyceride concentrations and decreased cholesterol concentrations, identification of chylomicrons is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis. Pleural fluid: Chylothorax is the name given to pleural effusions containing chylomicrons. They develop when chyle accumulates from disruption of the lymphatic system, often the thoracic duct, caused mainly by malignancy or trauma.(1) Lymph contains chylomicron rich chyle characterized by high concentrations of triglycerides. Pseudochylous
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Also called disappearing bone disease. Extensive loss of calcium from a single bone so that it cannot be seen on x-ray. Any bone can be involved but the upper arm, shoulder, and jaw are most frequent. This type of selective decalcification is sometimes associated with the presence of an hemangioma, a knot of distended blood vessels. The synonyms for this condition include invisible bone disease, vanishing bone disease, phantom bone disease and massive osteolysis.
Lymphatic leakage often occurs after disruption of the lymphatic system and is classified as congenital, traumatic, or neoplastic. It may manifest as lymphatic fistula, chylous ascites, or chylothorax.
Congenital chylous ascites and chylothorax and rule out infradiaphragmatic lymphatic leak. Diffuse intestinal and mesenteric lymphangiectasia.
Results43% died, mainly from early respiratory failure (median age at death 1 day) but later deaths occurred up to 57 days. The 83% of babies whose drainage resolved without octreotide or MCT formula, did so at a median age of 4 Days (range ,1-9 days).2 babies with chylothorax had outputs that did not spontaneously resolve; 1 was given octreotide at day 10 and both started MCT formula, at 17 and 4 days respectively. ...
This article describes the anatomy of the thoracic duct, including its function, location and drainage. Learn this topic now at Kenhub.
We report the first case of mosaic trisomy 21 with non-immune hydrops fetalis and bilateral chylothoraces. Prenatal fetal blood karyotype analysis of 15 fetal cells revealed a 46,XX karyotype. Aggressive prenatal management, including fetal thoracocentesis and pleuro-amniotic shunt, was performed. A clinical phenotype of Down syndrome was apparent after the gross oedema had subsided. Subsequent chromosome study of neonatal blood lymphocytes showed mosaic trisomy 21 with 23 per cent trisomic cells. Review of the initial fetal blood sample identified trisomy in 5 per cent of 134 cells. Follow-up study at five months showed no trisomy 21 in 100 cells. This case illustrates the variable levels of mosaicism manifest in the peripheral blood of an infant with obvious Down syndrome phenotype, and the limitation of cytogenetic analysis of peripheral lymphocytes alone in prenatal and postnatal detection of low levels of mosaicism ...
MALDONADO M, DIEGO y LOPEZ C, RICHARD. Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia: Case-report. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2007, vol.78, n.1, pp.62-66. ISSN 0370-4106. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062007000100008.. Background: Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia is rare in children and constitutes a pathology of difficult diagnosis. It is a severity marker of trauma, because it presents high incidence of morbidity and mortality. Objective: To report a case of diaphragmatic hernia secondary to blunt chest-abdominal trauma. Case-report: An 8-years old girl who presented left diaphragmatic hernia and unstable pelvis fracture after being knocked by a car. Days after, she presented chylothorax and left kidney infarction handle with conservative treatment. Palabras clave : traumatic diaphragmatic hernia; diaphragmatic rupture; chylothorax; trauma. ...
Ultrasonography of the cisterna chyli has been used in humans to diagnose increased lymphatic flow or lymph flow obstruction and to guide percutaneous embolization of the thoracic duct via the cisterna chyli. The aim of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic characteristics of the dorsal portion of cisterna chyli in dogs and cats with chylous ascites or chylothorax and in a group of healthy dogs and cats. The aorta and the cranial mesenteric artery were used as anatomic landmarks. Ultrasonography was performed before and 2 h after a fatty meal in healthy dogs and cats. The visualized structure was confirmed to be a dilated cisterna chyli at necropsy in a dog with chylous ascites. The confirmed or presumed cisterna chyli was consistently detected using ultrasonography in nonfasted healthy animals and clinically affected animals and appeared as an anechoic tubular structure, without detectable flow, at the right dorsolateral aspect of the aorta. It had a similar ultrasonographic ...
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a condition that affects the lungs, the kidneys, and the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system consists of a network of vessels that transport lymph fluid and immune cells throughout the body. Lymph fluid helps exchange immune cells, proteins, and other substances between the blood and tissues.. LAM is found almost exclusively in women. It often occurs as a feature of an inherited syndrome called tuberous sclerosis complex. When LAM occurs alone it is called isolated or sporadic LAM.. Signs and symptoms of LAM most often appear during a womans thirties. Affected women have an overgrowth of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells) in the lungs, resulting in the formation of lung cysts and the destruction of normal lung tissue. They may also have an accumulation of fluid in the cavity around the lungs (chylothorax).. The lung abnormalities resulting from LAM may cause difficulty breathing (dyspnea), chest pain, and coughing, which may bring up blood ...
Central vein thrombosis as a cause of chylothorax is uncommon, and in a few cases in the literature was related to thrombotic complications of central venous access devices (CVAD)
Looking for chyle varix? Find out information about chyle varix. A conspicuous ridge across each whorl of certain univalves marking the ancestral position of the outer lip of the aperture. A dilated and tortuous vein,... Explanation of chyle varix
Indikasi thoracocentesis (thoracentesis) atau pleural tap adalah untuk mengaspirasi cairan patologis dari rongga pleura, misalnya pada kasus efusi pleura, empiema, atau hemothorax. Indikasi ini dapat dibedakan
Medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)-based diet can be tried as a first option in chylous ascites treatment. In resistant or unresponsive cases, somatostatin along with TPN can have use in closing the lymphatic leakage or relieving the symptoms effectively and rapidly. Conventional regimens including en …
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Poster: ECR 2015 / C-1449 / When, Why, and How of Thoracic Duct Embolization by: J. F. B. Chick, N. Chauhan, A. Suzuki Han; Boston, MA/US
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I am working on a Care Plan for school and I cannot come up with Nursing Diagnosis for a pt with bilateral pleural effusions. Any suggestions?
Lymphangiomatosis (LYMF) is a condition where a lymphangioma is not present in a single localised mass, but in a widespread or multifocal manner. It is a rare type of tumor which results from an abnormal development of the lymphatic system. It is thought to be the result of congenital errors of lymphatic development occurring prior to the 20th week of gestation. Lymphangiomatosis is a condition marked by the presence of cysts that result from an increase both in the size and number of thin-walled lymphatic channels that are abnormally interconnected and dilated. 75% of cases involve multiple organs. It typically presents by age 20 and, although it is technically benign, these deranged lymphatics tend to invade surrounding tissues and cause problems due to invasion and/or compression of adjacent structures. The condition is most common in the bones and lungs and shares some characteristics with Gorhams disease. Up to 75% of patients with lymphangiomatosis have bone involvement, leading some to ...
Chylopericardium is a rare clinical entity in which chylous fluid accumulates in the pericardial cavity. This entity results from thoracic duct disruption or obstruction, with both inadequate collateral drainage and reflux of chylous lymph through the lymphatics draining the heart and pericardium [3]. Secondary chylopericardium is frequently caused by disruption or obstruction of the thoracic duct as a result of thoracic or cardiac surgery, chest trauma, mediastinal neoplasms, mediastinal tuberculosis, or mediastinal radiotherapy, and it is occasionally a consequence of thrombosis of the subclavian vein.. Hasebrock was the first to describe the presence of 22.6 ml of chyle in the pericardial cavity [4], detected during the autopsy of a man who had died from asphyxia secondary to constriction and tracheal ulceration. The term primary chylopericardium was first used by Groves and Effler [5], who described a case of isolated accumulation of chyle in a 31-year-old woman who was found to have ...
Heller myotomy, Esophageal reconstruction, Esophagectomy, Decortication, Esophageal dilatation, Esophagostomy, Chest wa...ll resection, Lung transplant, Chest surgery, Esophageal stenting, Esophagoscopy, Esophageal diverticulectomy, Lung biopsy, Lung volume reduction surgery, Tracheal resection, Lung surgery, Chest reconstruction, Chronic lung disease, Myasthenia gravis, Chylothorax, Mesothelioma, Chest infection, Lung nodule, GERD, Esophageal cancer, Lung tumor, Chest wall tumor, Thymic tumor, Mediastinal lymph node enlargement, Mediastinal tumor, Lung cancer, Lung disorder, Pneumothorax, Hyperhidrosis, Hiatal hernia, Achalasia, Tracheal stenosis, Lung mass. ...
A patient undergoing evaluation for malignant melanoma was thought to have a metastatic process involving the anterior mediastinum, axilla, spleen, and possibly liver based on radiologic findings from positron emission tomography and computed tomography scans. The clinical picture did not corroborate this suspicion, and biopsies ultimately confirmed lymphangioma in the accessory spleen and subcutaneous tissues, leading to a diagnosis of lymphangiomatosis. Diagnosis and management of lymphangiomatosis is clinically challenging. This report reviews the literature on the pathology, diagnostic imaging, and management of lymphangiomatosis ...
Prabhakaran, K.,Patankar, Jahoorahmad M.V.,Neo, Grace T.H. (2004). Chylous ascites following liver resection - Case report. Pediatric Surgery International 20 (9) : 719-721. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-004-1281-9 ...
The purpose of this chapter is to unite information which is otherwise spread across numerous sources. The main audience would probably be the supervisor of training who, upon arriving at work one morning, is greeted by an enthusiastic trainee brandishing the WCA form and demanding to undergo assessment. The supervisor, unprepared for this and possibly hung over, will be unlikely to agree unless a scripted resource is available for them where all the information necessary to answer the WCA questions is available. This chapter is that resource. All the important areas are covered.
Pyothorax is a condition where pus accumulates in your pets chest cavity - between the lungs and the chest wall - due to an infection.
ASCITIS QUILOSA NEONATAL PDF - Parece ser un tratamiento eficaz para la ascitis quilosa. . chylous ascites in a neonate treated successfully with octreotide: bile sludge and
Chylothorax can also bring LAM to attention. In some cases, a LAM diagnosis can be made with confidence on clinical grounds ( ... Chemical pleurodesis is generally an effective therapy for chylothorax, as is mechanical abrasion and talc poudrage. Renal ... Ryu, JH; Doerr, CH; Fisher, SD; Sahn, SA (2003). "Chylothorax in lymphangioleiomyomatosis". Chest. 123 (2): 623-627. doi: ... chylothorax or serum VEGF-D > 800 pg/ml. If none of these clinical features are present, a biopsy may be necessary to make the ...
Chylothorax is not necessarily, but often proves to be, fatal. Among other health problems are laryngeal paralysis, dilated ... Afghan Hounds are also among the dog breeds most likely to develop chylothorax, a rare condition which causes the thoracic ... If not corrected through surgery, chylothorax can ultimately cause fibrosing pleuritis, or a hardening of the organs, due to ... Fossum, T.W.; Birchard, S.J.; Jacobs, R.M. (1986). "Chylothorax in 34 dogs". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical ...
Chylothorax in Gorham's disease. J Korean Med Sci. 2002;17:826-9. Chattopadhyay P, Bandyopadhyay A, Das S, Kundu A J. Gorham's ... A case of Gorham's disease with chylothorax treated curatively with radiation therapy. Clin Med Res. 2005;3:83-6. Lee WS, Kim ... leading to chylothorax with its serious consequences, and that the mortality rate in this group can reach as high as 64% ...
This can cause chylothorax. The discovery of this structure has been credited to Niels Stensen. Deep lymph nodes and vessels of ...
Chylous ascites and chylothorax rarely occur. List of cutaneous conditions Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Rapini RP (2007). ...
Chan EH, Russell JL, Williams WG, Van Arsdell GS, Coles JG, McCrindle BW (November 2005). "Postoperative chylothorax after ... Siu SL, Lam DS (2006). "Spontaneous neonatal chylothorax treated with octreotide". Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 42 ... "Octreotide for treating chylothorax after cardiac surgery". Texas Heart Institute Journal. 32 (3): 437-9. PMC 1336729. PMID ... larger studies have failed to demonstrate efficacy in treating chylothorax. A small study has shown[when?] that octreotide may ...
Injury to the lymphatic system can lead to postoperative chylothorax. Additional risks include lung injury, bleeding with the ...
A case of Gorham's disease with chylothorax treated curatively with radiation therapy. Clin Med Res. 2005;3:83- Yeager ND, ... The accumulations are described based on location: chylothorax is chyle in the chest; chylopericardium is chyle trapped inside ... chylothorax (chyle in the pleural cavity); and chylopericardium (chyle in the heart sack).[citation needed] Lymphangiomatosis ... Unique diagnostic features and successful management of a patient with disseminated lymphangiomatosis and chylothorax. J ...
Chylothorax is a troublesome complication and is usually managed conservatively by adjusting the diet to eliminate long-chain ... Two complications specific to this surgery are left recurrent nerve palsy and chylothorax, as the recurrent laryngeal nerve and ... http://www.ctsnet.org/article/ligation-thoracic-duct-chylothorax}[permanent dead link] Mathew, Thomas; Idhrees, Mohammed; Misra ...
Chylothorax has been observed rarely as a symptom of congenital stenosis of the superior vena cava in infant patients. ... Chylothorax results as a rare complication in which chyle leaks into the thoracic space following direct incidental damage and ... Chylothorax leakage commonly occurs in patients with additional complex congenital heart lesions, increasing the risk of ... Harrison, D; Sullivan, P; Christman, G; Takao, C (April 2017). "Intravascular Stent Implantation for Refractory Chylothorax ...
When the duct ruptures, the resulting flood of liquid into the pleural cavity is known as chylothorax. In adults, the thoracic ... this situation is called chylothorax. Transverse section of thorax, showing relations of pulmonary artery. The arch of the ...
... deficiencies in mice disrupt lymphatic valve development and result in lymphatic disorders including lymphedema and chylothorax ...
In addition, because of persistent chylothorax, he underwent decortication of the right lung and oversewing of the thoracic ...
2008). "A recurrent ITGA9 missense mutation in human fetuses with severe chylothorax: possible correlation with poor response ...
After joining Arkansas State in 2001 as a walk-on, O'Neal was diagnosed with chylothorax and subsequently had part of his lung ...
Chylothorax: a collection of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space. *Empyema: a pyogenic infection of the pleural space ...
Fetal hydrothorax, chylothorax, or large pleural effusion associated with bronchopulmonary sequestration should be treated ...
... chylothorax, esophageal rupture).[citation needed] Pleural tumors may be benign (i.e. solitary fibrous tumor) or malignant in ...
... venous hypertension and lowered cardiac output are assumed to be at the root of lymphatic complications such as chylothorax, ...
A 28 years young lady, a complex case of bilateral chylothorax (accumulation of chylux fluid in both the chest leading to lung ...
... and if the fluid is lymph it is known as chylothorax (resulting from rupture of the thoracic duct). Treatment of hydrothorax is ...
... chylothorax) in that they have the characteristics of lymph. A lymphogram may be performed in people with lymphedema. This can ...
Other adverse events included spinal epidural hematoma (in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine), chylothorax, injuries of ...
Castleman's disease Chylothorax Kawasaki disease Kikuchi disease Lipedema Lymphangitis Lymphatic filariasis Lymphocytic ...
... chylothorax), or very rarely urine (urinothorax). When unspecified, the term "pleural effusion" normally refers to hydrothorax ... chylothorax) Pus (pyothorax or empyema) Urine (urinothorax) By pathophysiology: Transudative pleural effusion Exudative pleural ...
... chylothorax) or chylous ascites, respectively. Diagnosis of a chyle fistula may be accomplished by analysis of pleural/ ...
Chylothoraces can also be classified as low- or high-output based on the rate of chyle accumulation: low-output chylothoraces ... Iatrogenic chylothorax after surgery is the most common variety of chylothorax. It is a common and serious complication of a ... The probability of chylothorax depends on the type of surgery. The surgery with the highest risk of chylothorax is an ... Chylothoraces most commonly occur in the right pleural space (50% of cases). Left-sided and bilateral chylothoraces are less ...
Zemed N, Amangar N, Herrak L, Elftouh M «Chylothorax bilatéral au cours de la maladie de Behçet» (en francès). Pan Afr Med J, ...
Chylothorax (fluid from lymph vessels leaking into the pleural cavity) may be identified by determining triglyceride and ... The main cause for chylothorax is rupture of the thoracic duct, most frequently as a result of trauma or malignancy (such as ...
Paul R Jarman, Moira K B Whyte, Ian Sabroe, J M B Hughes, Sarcoidosis presenting with chylothorax, Thorax 1995;50: 1324-1325, ( ...
Chylothoraces can also be classified as low- or high-output based on the rate of chyle accumulation: low-output chylothoraces ... Iatrogenic chylothorax after surgery is the most common variety of chylothorax. It is a common and serious complication of a ... The probability of chylothorax depends on the type of surgery. The surgery with the highest risk of chylothorax is an ... Chylothoraces most commonly occur in the right pleural space (50% of cases). Left-sided and bilateral chylothoraces are less ...
Chylopleura Chylothorax is an accumulation of lymphatic fluid within the pleural space. The effusion has an elevated ... Platis, I. E., & Nwogu, C. E. (2006). Chylothorax. Thoracic Surgery Clinics, 16(3), 209-214.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Teng, C. L., Li, K. W., Yu, J. T., Hsu, S. L., Wang, R. C., & Hwang, W. L. (2012). Malignancy-associated chylothorax: A 20-year ... Chylothorax is an accumulation of lymphatic fluid within the pleural space. The effusion has an elevated concentration of ...
Chylothorax refers to the presence of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space secondary to leakage from the thoracic duct or one ... encoded search term (Chylothorax) and Chylothorax What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Pituitary ... Chylothorax after surgery on congenital heart disease in newborns and infants -risk factors and efficacy of MCT-diet. J ... ACR Appropriateness Criteria chylothorax treatment planning. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 May. 14 (5S):S118-26. [Medline]. ...
... then soon been diagnosed chylothorax with pericardial effusion andLung effusion by color Doppler ultrasound. Foreign doctor ...
Overview of Canine Chylothorax Chylothorax is a condition in which a characteristic type of lymph fluid called chyle ... Diagnosis of Chylothorax in Dogs. If your pet is diagnosed with chylothorax, he will require veterinary care. Your ... Chylothorax in Dogs Page 3. 10 Sep, 2015 Dr. Theresa Welch Fossum 130,177 Views ... Thus, chylothorax is a collection of chyle in the chest cavity. The accumulation of chyle in the chest cavity leads to ...
In a review of 537 oesophageal resections there were 11 cases of chylothorax, an incidence of 2.0 per cent. There was no ... Chylothorax after oesophagectomy Br J Surg. 1991 May;78(5):587-8. doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800780521. ... Chylothorax is an uncommon complication of oesophagectomy. In a review of 537 oesophageal resections there were 11 cases of ... Transhiatal oesophagectomy greatly increases the risk of chylothorax, a condition that carries a high mortality rate (46 per ...
The treatment of this condition has been well discussed, but the risk factors for postoperative chylothorax... ... Background Chylothorax is one of the complications of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. ... Of these, 24 patients who were diagnosed with chylothorax as a postoperative complication were allocated to the chylothorax ... were independent factors predicting chylothorax. In addition, resection of the thoracic duct may be a predictor of chylothorax ...
The symptoms of chylothorax can occur in patients of any age; the condition has multiple... ... Chylothorax is by definition a collection of chyle in the pleural cavity resulting from leakage from the lymphatic vessels, ... About 50% of patients with untreated chylothorax die from the resulting complications (14, 18, e5). If chylothorax occurs ... The symptoms of chylothorax can occur in patients of any age; the condition has multiple possible causes, and may therefore be ...
Surgery for chylothorax may be time consuming and your pet is at an increased anesthetic risk as they are likely metabolically ... Medical management of chylothorax involves evacuation of chyle from the thorax, either with a tube placed in the chest or ... Chylothorax is a poorly understood disease and it is important to realize that treatment (medical or surgical) may not be ... Chylothorax, characterized by the accumulation of chyle within the thoracic cavity, is a relatively uncommon disease that ...
The authors review their clinical experience with management of postoperative chylothorax among 97 patients. They favor duct ...
Causes of Chylothorax. There are several causes of chylothorax in infants and children (Table 2), which vary according to the ... Chylothorax leads to hypogammaglobulinemia and lymphopenia.158-162 In 16 children who developed chylothoraces after cardiac ... Medical Management of Chylothorax. The goals of management of chylothorax are relief of respiratory symptoms by drainage of the ... Clinical Manifestations of Chylothorax. The initial symptoms of chylothorax are usually related to accumulation of fluid in the ...
Chylothorax in Dogs. 10 Sep, 2015 Dr. Theresa Welch Fossum 129,776 Views ... Chylothorax associated with trauma usually has a good prognosis as the thoracic duct heals fairly quickly on its own without ... Chylothorax can occur secondary to heart failure associated with heartworm disease; therefore, be certain to discuss your pets ... There is very little that you can do to prevent your animal from developing chylothorax. In many animals the underlying cause ...
... Hi Lab Board! Long time no visit! Short update, finished grad school, just became a teacher, and have ... At this point its being diagnosed as idiopathic chylothorax. Ive read just about everything I can get my hands on and its one ...
Regardless of the etiology, chylothorax is a potentially devastating disease. Chylothorax results in both compromised ... Chylous effusions, particularly chylothorax, are frequently reported in dogs and cats. Chyle is the term used to denote ... This technique has been recommended for the treatment of chylothorax in dogs and cats, but is not recommended by the author. In ... Thickening of the pleura and pericardium occurs in animals with chylothorax. Although the role of the thickened pericardium in ...
Patients with congenital chylothorax or chylothorax secondary to obstruction were at higher risk of failure of medical ... This unusual case of chylothorax in a 2-year-old child had none of the previously recognised causes of chylothorax and was ... To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of spontaneous chylothorax occurring after the neonatal period. Chylothorax ... 5 A report on 51 children with chylothorax, aged 0-16 years (median age, 1.7 years), showed that most developed chylothorax ...
Preliminary Diagnosis: Chylothorax*I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis?*II. Describe the advantages and ... Preliminary Diagnosis: Chylothorax. I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis?. * Plain radiographs ... V. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative techniques for diagnosis of chylothorax.*CT of the chest* ... Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of chylothorax.. Advantages. * Sensitive for a ...
Canine Chylothorax, a condition caused by buildup of lymph fluid in the chest cavity prevents lungs from fully expanding ... Chylothorax is a condition caused by a buildup of lymph fluid in the chest cavity. Lymph is a bodily fluid that carries protein ... Chylothorax is a serious condition. If your pet is diagnosed with this, she will require immediate veterinary care. Your ... When chylothorax occurs, the lungs cant expand normally, which reduces the intake of oxygen and causes breathing difficulties ...
... BMJ Case Rep. 2018 ... Chylothorax is an extremely rare and potentially life-threatening complication that can be associated with neck dissections and ... In this report, we describe an unusual case of bilateral chylothorax following a left central neck dissection for recurrent PTC ...
GORDON J. TRAUMATIC CHYLOTHORAX: CASE REPORT(TRAUMATIC CHYLOTHORAX: CASE REPORT*). Ann Intern Med. 1940;13:1998-2004. doi: ... TRAUMATIC CHYLOTHORAX: CASE REPORT(TRAUMATIC CHYLOTHORAX: CASE REPORT*) JOSEPH GORDON, M.D. ... Traumatic chylothorax is sufficiently uncommon to warrant an additional case report in the literature. The case here reported ...
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
i,Results,/i,. Six cases of neonatal chylothorax were identified during a ten-year period, two had congenital chylothoraces and ... i,Study Objectives,/i,. To analyse the outcomes of a series of neonates with chylothorax and review the literature to determine ... i,Summary and Conclusion,/i,. Neonatal chylothorax is uncommon, but affected neonates require high healthcare utilisation. ... A case series review and a literature review using electronic databases including the key words neonates and chylothorax. , ...
Are you sure your patient has chylothorax or cholesterol effusion? What should you expect to find?. Consider chylothorax in ... Nontraumatic chylothorax appears to respond less well to conservative and surgical measures than does traumatic chylothorax. ... Exclude lymphoma before adopting the diagnosis of idiopathic chylothorax.. Prolonged drainage of a chylothorax may lead to ... An injury above this level results in a left chylothorax, whereas bilateral chylothorax (20%) results from disruption at the ...
DIAGNOSIS: IDIOPATHIC CHYLOTHORAX. In many cases, a cause of chylothorax cannot be defined. In this situation the chylothorax ... "chylothorax." With chylothorax, the fluid is milky when it is drained from the chest, its whiteness being from fat. Chylothorax ... chylothorax. The "white out" is fluid (chyle). filling up the chest cavity. (On a radiograph,. any fluid in the chest will look ... DIAGNOSIS: CHYLOTHORAX. If there is a reason for the chyle build up, it is important to find that reason. Often (especially in ...
A chylothorax is a collection of fluid around the lungs that can occur after cardiac surgery. The fluid contains chyle, a milky ... Acute chylothorax in children: selective retention of memory T cells and natural killer cells. J Pediatr. 2003 Aug;143(2):243-9 ... Postoperative chylothorax in children: differences between vascular and traumatic origin. J Pediatr Surg. 1991 May;26(5):519-23 ... Beghetti M, La Scala G, Belli D, Bugmann P, Kalangos A, Le Coultre C. Etiology and management of pediatric chylothorax. J ...
Find out information about chylothorax. An accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity Explanation of chylothorax ... chylothorax. Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia. chylothorax. [¦kīl·ō¦thȯr‚aks] (medicine) An accumulation of chyle in the ... Chylothorax , Article about chylothorax by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/chylothorax ... The term chylothorax is used to describe this fluid because the fluid resembles the appearance of chyle, which is the milky ...
Chylothorax, a condition caused by buildup of lymph fluid in the chest cavity prevents lungs from fully expanding resulting in ... Chylothorax is a condition caused by a buildup of lymph fluid in the chest cavity. Lymph is a bodily fluid that carries protein ... Chylothorax is a serious condition. If your cat is diagnosed with this, he will require immediate veterinary care. Your ... When chylothorax occurs, the lungs cant expand normally, which reduces the intake of oxygen and causes breathing difficulties ...
Patients With Systemic Right Ventricle Are at Higher Risk of Chylothorax After Cavopulmonary Connections. Tuesday, November 20 ... The authors found that the incidence of postoperative chylothorax was high in these patients (19.7%), and they confirmed that ... The presence of a systemic right ventricle was a risk factor for chylothorax (odds ratio 2.49). ... procedures to determine the incidence and associated complications of chylothorax following these procedures. ...
There are limited reports on chylothorax induced by central venous thrombosis secondary to chronic CVAD in children with SCD. ... occlusion-induced chylothorax has been described in adult sickle cell disease (SCD) in a setting of chronic indwelling CVAD. ... and whose clinical course was complicated by chylothorax which was successfully treated with a pleuroperitoneal shunt. ... Central vein thrombosis as a cause of chylothorax is uncommon, and in a few cases in the literature was related to thrombotic ...
Introduction: Chylothorax is a rare, but serious complication after congenital heart surgery in neonates. Management of this ... Abstract 15623: Non-Invasive, Bedside Imaging of Lymphatics in an Infant With Chylothorax After Congenital Heart Surgery. ... Methods: A five week old infant developed chylothorax after Norwood operation for Hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Initially, ... Abstract 15623: Non-Invasive, Bedside Imaging of Lymphatics in an Infant With Chylothorax After Congenital Heart Surgery ...
Chylothorax and Superior Vena Cava Syndrome as the Initial Presentation of Non small Cell Lung Cancer, which was Successfully ... Chylothorax is mostly seen after complication of lung surgery. But in this case chylothorax is initial presentation with NSCLC ... Chylothorax and Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Case Study. Print Reference this Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a ... With out lung surgery chylothorax is rare but this case present chylothorax without surgery. In current year 3 case reported ...
  • Early thoracic duct ligation for postoperative chylothorax. (springer.com)
  • Management of postoperative chylothorax. (medscape.com)
  • Prevention of postoperative chylothorax with thoracic duct ligation during video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for cancer. (medscape.com)
  • In cases of postoperative chylothorax, the first sign may be persistent drainage from intercostal drains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically the most common form of chylothorax was non-traumatic, but traumatic chylothoraces now represent the majority of cases, with most arising as postoperative complications of surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment of this condition has been well discussed, but the risk factors for postoperative chylothorax remain unclear. (springer.com)
  • Of these, 24 patients who were diagnosed with chylothorax as a postoperative complication were allocated to the chylothorax group and the other 270 patients were allocated to the nonchylothorax group. (springer.com)
  • Incidence data are available for only postoperative chylothorax, which can occur after almost any surgical operation in the chest. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • The authors review their clinical experience with management of postoperative chylothorax among 97 patients. (ctsnet.org)
  • In addition, the differential diagnosis of a non-whitish-appearing chylothorax includes other types of postoperative effusions. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The authors found that the incidence of postoperative chylothorax was high in these patients (19.7%), and they confirmed that chylothorax was indicative of a worse postoperative course. (ctsnet.org)
  • Two cases of postoperative chylothorax successfully managed thoracoscopically are reported. (websurg.com)
  • This case illustrates that conservative and multidisciplinary management of a postoperative chylothorax from a suspected thoracic duct injury achieves favourable outcomes avoiding further surgical intervention. (bmj.com)
  • As previous studies have revealed, postoperative chylothorax is a rare complication of cardiothoracic surgery procedures, especially myocardial revascularization [1-4]. (who.int)
  • The first postoperative day was uneventful, but the second was complicated by severe left-sided chylothorax. (who.int)
  • Postoperative chylothorax, albeit rare, is a serious complication with a high mortality rate, which can approach 50% in untreated patients [4]. (who.int)
  • On the second postoperative day, our patient developed severe chylothorax, which lasted for 21 days. (who.int)
  • Sun SS, Tsai SC, Hsu NY, Shih CS, Lee JK, Kao CH. Preoperative and postoperative lymphoscintigraphy using Tc-99m sulfur colloid in the repair of a lymphatic leak in a patient with traumatic chylothorax. (springermedizin.de)
  • Management of postoperative chylothorax generally involves nutritional regimens as well as pharmacological and surgical therapies, but a clear consensus has yet to be reached. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Postoperative chylothorax can occur in every cardiothoracic surgical procedure, especially esophagectomy, but it is a rare complication accompanied by thoracoscopic extended thymectomy. (amegroups.com)
  • It is rare that chylothorax is complicated after minimally invasive thymectomy and the incidence of postoperative chylothorax following extended thymectomy thus far has not been known. (amegroups.com)
  • In contrast, minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgery is associated with significantly less blood loss, reduced postoperative pain and pulmonary complication, increased respiratory function, diminished risk of chylothorax , and shortened length of hospital stay (2022). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • On postoperative day (POD) 9, left pleural effusion drainage increased sharply and changed to a milky white color, leading to a diagnosis of chylothorax. (elsevier.com)
  • Localization of chyle leakage site in postoperative chylothorax by oral administration of I-123 BMIPP. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Preoperative and postoperative lymphoscintigraphy using Tc-99m sulfur colloid in the repair of a lymphatic leak in a patient with traumatic chylothorax. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Postoperative Chylothorax: Is Octreotide A Valid Therapy? (annexpublishers.co)
  • Octreotide, a long-acting somatostatin analogue, is an effective, valid and safe drug for the treatment of postoperative chylothorax and may highly reduce the need for reoperation. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Postoperative chylothorax is a major and rare life-threatening postoperative complication, with an occurrence incidence of 0.2% to 1.4% in cardiothoracic operations [ 1 ]. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Precisely in our department, postoperative chylothorax has been observed in 1 of 830 patients who underwent CABG. (annexpublishers.co)
  • When chyle can't get into the blood as it should, it can collect around one or both lungs and form a chylothorax. (kidshealth.org)
  • A chylothorax is an abnormal accumulation of chyle, a type of lipid-rich lymph, in the space surrounding the lung. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fever or chest pain are not usually associated with chylothorax, as chyle does not generate inflammation by itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chylothorax is a condition in which a characteristic type of lymph fluid called chyle accumulates in the chest cavity and causes difficulty breathing. (petplace.com)
  • Thus, chylothorax is a collection of chyle in the chest cavity. (petplace.com)
  • Selective en masse ligation of the thoracic duct to prevent chyle leak after esophagectomy. (springer.com)
  • Chylothorax arises when lymphatic fluid (chyle) accumulates in the pleural cavity because of leakage from lymphatic vessels. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Chylothorax is by definition a collection of chyle in the pleural cavity resulting from leakage from the lymphatic vessels, usually from the thoracic duct. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Chylothorax, characterized by the accumulation of chyle within the thoracic cavity, is a relatively uncommon disease that affects dogs and cats . (acvs.org)
  • In pets affected with chylothorax there is an abnormality in the TD that causes it to leak chyle into the thoracic cavity. (acvs.org)
  • Any disease process that obstructs or impedes the outflow of chyle from the TD into the CrVC can potentially lead to chylothorax. (acvs.org)
  • The clinical signs that a pet with chylothorax displays are not specific to the accumulation of chyle in the thorax since any substance (blood, air, pus) that impedes lung expansion can cause breathing difficulties. (acvs.org)
  • Chylothorax, the accumulation of chyle in the pleural space, is a relatively rare cause of pleural effusion in children. (aappublications.org)
  • Chylothorax, the accumulation of chyle in the pleural space, occurs after disruption of the thoracic duct. (aappublications.org)
  • Chylothorax implies a chyle leak that is due to the disruption or blockade of the thoracic duct or its tributaries. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The term chylothorax is used to describe this fluid because the fluid resembles the appearance of chyle, which is the milky fluid taken up by the lacteals from the intestines during digestion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chylothorax, the presence of chyle in the pleural cavity resulting from the leakage of chyle from a damaged thoracic duct or from transdiaphragmatic passage of chylous ascites. (heartandcoeur.com)
  • Chylothorax is the accumulation of chyle in the pleural ([[lung]]) space. (lymphedemapeople.com)
  • Chylothorax is a type of pleural effusion caused by the accumulation of chyle, a fat-enriched liquid secreted by intestinal cells and collected and transported by the thoracic duct to systemic circulation. (medwave.cl)
  • Congenital chylothorax is an abnormal accumulation of chyle in the pleural space. (imedpub.com)
  • Chyloascites and chylothorax are the result of accumulation of chyle in peritoneal and pleural spaces. (ispub.com)
  • Chylothorax is the occurrence of chyle (lymph) in the pleural cavity secondary to damage of the thoracic duct. (hindawi.com)
  • Chylothorax, an accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity, is a rare complication of penetrating or blunt trauma to the neck. (ijphs.org)
  • Chylothorax is a condition which is characterized by the accumulation of chyle in the thoracic cavity where the heart and lungs are located. (seniortailwaggers.com)
  • Chylothorax literally means chyle (chylo) in the thorax or chest cavity. (seniortailwaggers.com)
  • This information from Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) is on chylothorax - a condition where fluid called chyle builds up in the pleural space. (gosh.nhs.uk)
  • Lymphoscintigraphy by oral administration of I-123 BMIPP is thought to be a useful method for localization of chyle leakage in patients with chylothorax induced by thoracic surgery. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The consensus clinical definition of LAM includes multiple symptoms:[citation needed] Fatigue Cough Coughing up blood (rarely massive) Chest pain Chylous complications arising from lymphatic obstruction, including Chylothorax Chylous ascites Chylopericardium Chyloptysis Chyluria Chyle in vaginal discharge Chyle in stool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ergaz Z, Bar-Oz B, Yatsiv I, Arad I. Congenital chylothorax: clinical course and prognostic significance. (medscape.com)
  • Congenital chylothorax. (medscape.com)
  • Congenital chylothorax in a late preterm infant and successful treatment with octreotide. (medscape.com)
  • Is octreotide treatment useful in patients with congenital chylothorax? (medscape.com)
  • Other conditions like tuberous sclerosis, congenital heart disease, trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), Noonan syndrome, or Turner syndrome (missing X chromosome) are also possible causes of congenital chylothorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • Includes congenital chylothorax. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Congenital chylothorax: lymphopenia and high risk of neonatal infections. (springermedizin.de)
  • We report the case of a 4 y old female with a history of polyhydramnios, hydrops fetalis and bilateral congenital chylothorax. (imedpub.com)
  • This report illustrates that NS should be suspected in patients presenting with congenital chylothorax, dysmorphic phenotype and a normal karyotype. (imedpub.com)
  • Chylothorax, Congenital, also known as congenital chylothorax , is related to congenital lymphedema and lymphangioma . (malacards.org)
  • 1 In a recent review of 34 cases of congenital chylothorax, 2 there were three instances in which this condition was associated with maternal polyhydramnios. (jamanetwork.com)
  • This report describes two additional cases of congenital chylothorax that were associated with polyhydramnios in the mother. (jamanetwork.com)
  • The most common cause of an infectious chylothorax is a complication of tuberculous lymphadenitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chylothorax is an uncommon complication of oesophagectomy. (nih.gov)
  • Chylothorax is an extremely rare and potentially life-threatening complication that can be associated with neck dissections and thyroid surgery. (nih.gov)
  • Chylothorax is an uncommon complication of thoracic surgery associated with significant morbidity and extended hospital stay. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chylothorax is a rare, but serious complication after congenital heart surgery in neonates. (ahajournals.org)
  • Chylothorax is mostly seen after complication of lung surgery. (ukessays.com)
  • Chylothorax after esophagectomy is a potentially life-threatening complication, with a reported incidence rate of 1-4% and a mortality rate reaching 30-50% if untreated. (websurg.com)
  • 2 Chylothorax, however, is a rare but documented complication of Kaposi sarcoma. (mdedge.com)
  • Le chylothorax : complication exceptionnelle apr s chirurgie d'ex r se pulmonaire, le chylothorax est le r sultat d'une fuite de lymphe vers l'espace pleural. (heartandcoeur.com)
  • Le chylothorax est une complication pr coce (de la premi re semaine, m me si on a pu en d crire d'authentiques apr s un mois, voire cent jours de d lai). (heartandcoeur.com)
  • Injury of such a backflowing LAMLNC is more likely to explain chylothorax as a complication of LIMA harvesting than the injury of the thoracic duct itself since this is more deeply located in this region. (who.int)
  • Chylothorax is a rare complication that is created following the leakage of lymph fluid from thoracic duct into the pleural space. (ac.ir)
  • Chylothorax is an extremely rare and serious complication of cardiac surgery, with a poor outcome unless treated at the right time and in the right way. (annexpublishers.co)
  • The timing of surgical management is controversial and depends on the etiology of the chylothorax and the patient's overall condition. (medscape.com)
  • A malignant etiology of the chylothorax must be ruled out, as greater than 50% of cases are due to malignancy, of which lymphoma accounts for approximately 75% of cases, followed by lung carcinoma. (medscape.com)
  • Etiology and management of chylothorax following pediatric heart surgery. (medscape.com)
  • Different forms of chylothorax are distinguished on the basis of their etiology traumatic, non-traumatic, and idiopathic ( 6 ) (Box) the relative frequencies of which vary between patient populations. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Regardless of the etiology, chylothorax is a potentially devastating disease. (vin.com)
  • Etiology of chylothorax in 203 patients. (pneumotox.com)
  • The management of chylothorax varies depending on the etiology of the chylothorax, the rate of accumulation, local expertise with various procedures, and the response to initial therapy. (imj.ie)
  • Octreotide as therapeutic option for congenital idiopathic chylothorax: a case series. (medscape.com)
  • There are three main types of chylothorax: traumatic, non-traumatic, and idiopathic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cause of the chylothorax in many animals idiopathic, which means the cause is not determined. (petplace.com)
  • Ultimately, in veterinary patients, an underlying cause is rarely found and chylothorax is deemed idiopathic , or of unknown origin. (acvs.org)
  • At this point it's being diagnosed as idiopathic chylothorax. (lab-retriever.net)
  • More than half of chylothorax cases are idiopathic (the cause is unknown). (astoriaanimals.com)
  • Approximately 5 to 10 percent of chylothoraces are idiopathic. (imj.ie)
  • However, many idiopathic chylothoraces are eventually linked to an occult neoplasm after extensive patient evaluation or prolonged observation. (imj.ie)
  • Sedrak M.P. (2018) Chylothorax. (springer.com)
  • A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the outcomes of all neonates with neonatal chylothoraces admitted to a tertiary medical and surgical neonatal intensive care unit in London, UK, from July 2008 to July 2018. (hindawi.com)
  • 2018. "Use of Pleuroperitoneal Shunt in Chylothorax Related to Central Line Associated Thrombosis in Sickle Cell Disease. (mdpi.com)
  • 2018. https://www.pedsurglibrary.com/apsa/view/Pediatric-Surgery-NaT/829672/all/Chylothorax. (pedsurglibrary.com)
  • We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 22 patients with nontraumatic chylothorax from January 2005 to December 2018 in the Children 's Hospital of Seoul National University . (bvsalud.org)
  • A small chylothorax may not cause any symptoms and only be detected on a chest X-ray performed for another reason. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large chylothorax may lead to breathlessness or a feeling of pressure in the chest, caused by fluid restricting the expansion of the lungs, although large chylothoraces may remain asymptomatic if the chylothorax has accumulated slowly, as the lungs may have had time to become used to the pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • On examination, chylothorax may lead to reduced breath sounds on the affected side, associated with a dull sound when the chest is tapped or percussed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your veterinarian's efforts will be directed at two things: making your pet more comfortable by removing as much of the fluid from the chest cavity as possible, and performing tests to determine whether there is an identifiable cause for the chylothorax. (petplace.com)
  • Today, the most common traumatic cause is chest surgery ( 3 ), e.g., esophageal resection, which leads to chylothorax in about 3% of cases ( 1 ). (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Chylothorax is a condition caused by a buildup of lymph fluid in the chest cavity. (pethealthnetwork.com)
  • Since thorax means "chest cavity," the name chylothorax simply means a buildup of this fatty lymph fluid in the chest. (pethealthnetwork.com)
  • Six cases of neonatal chylothorax were identified during a ten-year period, two had congenital chylothoraces and four iatrogenic chylothoraces after thoracic surgery or chest instrumentation. (hindawi.com)
  • With chylothorax, the fluid is milky when it is drained from the chest, its whiteness being from fat. (marvistavet.com)
  • The chest radiographic appearances of chylothorax are nonspecific. (heartandcoeur.com)
  • Some medical conditions that have been associated with chylothorax in pets include trauma, heart disease, blood clots in the thoracic duct, tumors in the chest cavity, and even nodular lesions caused by fungal disease. (seniortailwaggers.com)
  • After conducting laboratory tests and chest X-ray, bilateral chylothorax was diagnosed for the patient and then bilateral chest tube was placed and thoracic duct was blocked. (ac.ir)
  • Thoracoscopic management of chylothorax after esophagectomy. (medscape.com)
  • Chylothorax is one of the complications of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. (springer.com)
  • This study revealed that post-chemoradiotherapy and high intraoperative fluid balance are predictors of chylothorax after esophagectomy. (springer.com)
  • New combined medical treatment with etilefrine and octreotide for chylothorax after esophagectomy: a case report and review of the literature. (springer.com)
  • Ohkura Y, Ueno M, Iizuka T, Udagawa H. Effectiveness of etilefrine regimen for chylothorax after esophagectomy with thoracic duct resection. (springer.com)
  • The patient, a 65-year-old man with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction, underwent radical esophagectomy, which was followed by the development of chylothorax. (springermedizin.de)
  • This is a case report of chylothorax after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer cured by intranodal lymphangiography in the groin. (elsevier.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a chylothorax after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer to be cured by ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography in the groin. (elsevier.com)
  • Initially, chyloascites and bilateral chylothoraces occurred. (ahajournals.org)
  • Kaposi sarcoma with upper airway obstruction and bilateral chylothoraces. (mdedge.com)
  • Massive bilateral chylothoraces complicating mediastinal granulomatous disease. (springermedizin.de)
  • We report the first case of mosaic trisomy 21 with non-immune hydrops fetalis and bilateral chylothoraces. (hku.hk)
  • The most common cause of non-traumatic chylothoraces is cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malignancies are the most frequent cause of non-traumatic chylothorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • With non-traumatic chylothorax, leaks in the lymphatic pathways are due to direct infiltration or to impeded flow caused by compression and accumulation (Box). (aerzteblatt.de)
  • Traumatic chylothorax is sufficiently uncommon to warrant an additional case report in the literature. (annals.org)
  • Therapeutic lymphangiography for traumatic chylothorax. (annals.org)
  • Traumatic chylothorax due to intrathoracic rupture of the thoracic duct. (springermedizin.de)
  • Traumatic chylothorax: a report of a case and a survey of the literature. (springermedizin.de)
  • Spontaneous, post-operative and traumatic chylothorax. (springermedizin.de)
  • In 1875, H. Quinke described the first traumatic chylothorax. (heartandcoeur.com)
  • Reflecting on this case, non-traumatic chylothorax should be thoroughly investigated as malignancy is one of the main differential diagnosis. (imj.ie)
  • Malignancy is the leading cause of nontraumatic chylothorax while inadvertent surgical injury to the thoracic duct is the major cause of traumatic chylothorax. (hindawi.com)
  • Ghodrati A, Hassanzadeh M, Najafi Z, Akbarian H R. Traumatic Chylothorax: A case report. (ac.ir)
  • This study introduces a case of traumatic chylothorax. (ac.ir)
  • We present a patient admitted for acute respiratory failure due to a large right side non-traumatic chylothorax. (ispub.com)
  • A non-traumatic chylothorax secondary to follicular lymphoma was found and the effusion resolved with infusion of octeotride. (ispub.com)
  • Cancers like chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lung cancer, lymphoma, Kaposi sarcoma, metastatic carcinoma or esophageal cancer are potential causes of chylothorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some studies reported that many diseases such as chylothorax , lymphoma, and portal hypertension could lead to changes in the morphology and function of the terminal TD. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For example, the F344/N rat typically used by the NTP has high background incidences of testicular Leydig cell tumors and mononuclear cell leukemia, along with unresolved issues about declining fertility, sporadic seizures, and chylothorax (accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the pleural cavity, which can result from lymphoma). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The two leading causes of chylothorax are trauma and malignancy, with lymphoma being the most common cause of chylothorax among those with malignancy. (mdedge.com)
  • Pleural Lymphoma Presenting as Chylothorax. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Hereby we report a rare case of primary pleural lymphoma presenting as chylothorax. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Delayed chylothorax has been reported as long as 23 years following irradiation for Hodgkin lymphoma 3 . (imj.ie)
  • The causes of chylothorax over 1-year-old children were related to congenital factors (n=3), unknown causes (n=1), high venous pressure (n=1), and lymphoma (n=1). (bvsalud.org)
  • Mohamed, M and Tan, J and Kalpurath, KK, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma manifesting as massive malignant chylothorax: successful management with chemotherapy and ambulatory drainages using indwelling pleural catheter, Internal Medicine Journal, 45, (9) pp. 980-3. (edu.au)
  • In chylothorax associated with curable/treatable malignancies like lymphoma, there are scarce data regarding the efficacy and safety of indwelling pleural catheters. (edu.au)
  • We report a case of recurrent massive chylothorax associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma who demonstrated long-term remission of lymphoma and complete regression of chylothorax after treatment with combination chemotherapy and ambulatory drainages using indwelling pleural catheter. (edu.au)
  • Finally, complications of chylothorax will be reviewed. (aappublications.org)
  • IJ thrombosis itself can have serious potentially lifethreatening complications that include systemic sepsis, chylothorax , papilledema, airway edema, and pulmonary embolism. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Soquet and colleagues reviewed records from 289 pediatric patients who underwent 376 cavopulmonary connection (CPC) procedures to determine the incidence and associated complications of chylothorax following these procedures. (ctsnet.org)
  • Central vein thrombosis as a cause of chylothorax is uncommon, and in a few cases in the literature was related to thrombotic complications of central venous access devices (CVAD). (mdpi.com)
  • Chylothorax and pleural effusion as late complications of thoracic irradiation. (pneumotox.com)
  • However, he had no further complications related to chylothorax and responded well to dietary modification. (who.int)
  • Timely diagnosis and treatment of chylothorax have a major role in saving patient's life and can prevent complications due to lung problems. (ac.ir)
  • Rarely, chylothorax may occur due to transdiaphragmatic flow in a patient with chylous ascites. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • An injury above this level results in a left chylothorax, whereas bilateral chylothorax (20%) results from disruption at the level of the fifth thoracic vertebrae or from the transdiaphragmatic movement of chylous ascites. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The incidence of massive chylous ascites and chylothorax after aortofemoral bypass grafting (AFBG) procedure is unknown. (pagepressjournals.org)
  • Chylothorax or chylous ascites are rare manifestations of liver cirrhosis. (bvsalud.org)
  • We report a rare case of simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites in a patient with hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Pleural fluid and ascites were confirmed as chylothorax and chylous ascites by chemistry analysis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Congenital fetal and neonatal visceral chylous effusions: Neonatal chylothorax and chylous ascites revisited. (elsevier.com)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Congenital fetal and neonatal visceral chylous effusions: Neonatal chylothorax and chylous ascites revisited. (elsevier.com)
  • It is important to distinguish a chylothorax from a pseudochylothorax (a pleural effusion that happens to be high in cholesterol), which has a similar appearance visually but is caused by more chronic inflammatory processes and requires a different treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In factly, he has been found these symptoms in 1996,then soon been diagnosed chylothorax with pericardial effusion andLung effusion by color Doppler ultrasound. (medhelp.org)
  • Chylothorax is an uncommon cause of pleural effusion in children. (mja.com.au)
  • Are you sure your patient has chylothorax or cholesterol effusion? (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Anatomical reasons explain the preferential lateralization of chylothoraces depending on the level of thoracic duct injury or obstruction: If the duct is damaged below the fifth or sixth thoracic vertebrae, the effusion will be right-sided, which is the most common situation. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • A milky fluid can be caused by chylothorax, cholesterol effusion, empyema, or extravasation of lipid-containing parenteral nutrition from a central line that has accidentally migrated into the pleural space. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Chylothorax initial symptom of NSCLC is rare but pleural effusion is commonly seen. (ukessays.com)
  • Although spontaneous chylothorax is a rare entity in the neontal period, it is the most common cause for pleural effusion in the first few days of life. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Chylothorax causing large pleural effusion and respiratory failure is rare. (ispub.com)
  • Chylothorax is a rare cause of a large pleural effusion and acute respiratory failure. (ispub.com)
  • Late recurrence of pleural effusion was seen at 12, 12, and 19 months postoperatively in 3 of 35 (9%) dogs that survived the perioperative period and in which chylothorax had initially resolved. (elsevier.com)
  • Neonatal chylothorax is uncommon, but affected neonates require high healthcare utilisation. (hindawi.com)
  • A chylothorax caused by a leak in the lymphatic system may heal on its own. (kidshealth.org)
  • Late presenting chylothorax responds more readily to conservative treatment as the leak volume is smaller and healing is more likely [3]. (who.int)
  • hyperkalemia and hyponatremia have been noted in dogs with both experimental and spontaneous chylothorax undergoing multiple thoracenteses. (vin.com)
  • After multiple investigations she was diagnosed with spontaneous chylothorax, attributed to strenuous vomiting. (mja.com.au)
  • To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of spontaneous chylothorax occurring after the neonatal period. (mja.com.au)
  • 1.2 mmol/L). Spontaneous chylothorax was diagnosed. (mja.com.au)
  • García Restoy E, Bella Cueto F, Espejo Arenas E, Aloy Duch A. Spontaneous bilateral chylothorax: uniform features of a rare condition. (springermedizin.de)
  • We report a case of spontaneous left-side chylothorax following septic pulmonary embolization (SPE) with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). (hindawi.com)
  • This is a rare case of a nonmalignant, nontraumatic, and nontuberculous spontaneous chylothorax which was conservatively treated with fibrinolysis and diet modification. (hindawi.com)
  • There was no correlation with site, size, penetration, lymph node status, length or type of tumour but there was a significant correlation between chylothorax and the type of operative procedure carried out. (nih.gov)
  • When the fluid is lymph, the problem is called "chylothorax. (marvistavet.com)
  • The rarity of chylothorax following LIMA harvest is explained by the usual lymph vessel valve competency of the LAMLNC, which is not always connected with the thoracic duct itself [2]. (who.int)
  • A chylothorax occurs when lymph fluid accumulates in the pleural space due to disruption or obstruction of the thoracic duct 1 . (imj.ie)
  • Treatment strategy for chylothorax after pulmonary resection and lymph node dissection for lung cancer. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The onset of symptoms may be acute/subacute in postsurgical chylothorax or gradual in nontraumatic chylothorax. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Thoracic duct embolization represents a safe and effective method to treat postsurgical chylothorax. (elsevier.com)
  • Pulmonary lymphangiomas and lymphangiectasia are the 2 major lymphatic abnormalities associated with chylothorax, 2 but absence or atresia of the thoracic duct can also lead to this problem. (aappublications.org)
  • Chylothorax complicating pulmonary resection. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In this report, we describe an unusual case of bilateral chylothorax following a left central neck dissection for recurrent PTC. (nih.gov)
  • 1 We present here a case of bilateral chylothorax in a patient with AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma. (mdedge.com)
  • Cancer, fungal disease, heart disease, and blood clots within the CrVC have all been reported as causes of chylothorax in dogs and cats. (acvs.org)
  • There is quite a long list of potential causes of chylothorax in dogs. (seniortailwaggers.com)
  • Objective: To evaluate the long-term outcome of video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) thoracic duct ligation (TDL) and pericardectomy for treatment of chylothorax in dogs. (elsevier.com)
  • A diagnosis of chylothorax was made due to lymphatic injury during LIMA harvesting, and the patient was placed on a low-fat diet. (who.int)
  • On the basis of these findings, a diagnosis of chylothorax was made. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Schild HH, Strassburg CP, Welz A, Kalff J. Treatment options in patients with chylothorax. (medscape.com)
  • Surgical management of chylothorax. (medscape.com)
  • Transhiatal oesophagectomy greatly increases the risk of chylothorax, a condition that carries a high mortality rate (46 per cent in this series) whether managed conservatively or by surgical intervention. (nih.gov)
  • Treatment options for chylothorax today range from the conservative to surgical and more recently interventional radiological procedures. (aerzteblatt.de)
  • In this case, as our patient was in old age and had multiple traumas, surgical treatment for chylothorax needed to be performed in the early phase. (springermedizin.de)
  • showed in their literature review, most cases with early presenting chylothorax respond only to surgical procedures [1]. (who.int)
  • In conclusion, conservative therapy in uncomplicated cases of chylothorax seems to be a favourable option, and surgical intervention should remain as a final choice if conservative therapy fails. (who.int)
  • Surgical injuries to the thoracic duct in these procedures are now recognized as the principal cause of chylothorax. (mdedge.com)
  • Routine treatment of chylothorax entails the insertion of an intercostal pleural tube, total parenteral nutrition, and duct ligation via a transthoracic surgical approach. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Neonatal chylothorax is a rare condition, but has a high mortality. (hindawi.com)
  • Neonatal chylothorax can be congenital or acquired, the latter most commonly occurs after damage to the thoracic duct during surgery [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Neonatal Chylothorax and Dysmorphic Phenotype: A Noonan Syndrome? (imedpub.com)
  • We describe an 8-year-old male patient, with a history of SCD, maintained on long term erythrocytapheresis for primary prevention of stroke, and whose clinical course was complicated by chylothorax which was successfully treated with a pleuroperitoneal shunt. (mdpi.com)
  • Finding the right clinical trial for Chylothorax, Congenital can be challenging. (diseaseinfosearch.org)
  • This report describes a case of tuberculous chylothorax, an interesting clinical condition due to its rare occurrence and the diagnostic challenges it poses. (medwave.cl)
  • The manifestation of characteristic clinical symptoms, radiographic findings, and results of fluid analysis are vital for a chylothorax diagnosis confirmation. (seniortailwaggers.com)
  • At her second month of follow-up, the patient was fine, regained 6 kilogram weight, ambulant and without clinical or radiological signs of recurrence of chylothorax. (annexpublishers.co)
  • To evaluate clinical characteristics of pediatric nontraumaitc chylothorax and to suggest appropriate therapeutic managements. (bvsalud.org)
  • Clinical significance: Video-assisted thoracoscopic thoracic duct ligation and pericardectomy are highly successful in dogs with chylothorax. (elsevier.com)
  • Other operations like mediastinal tumor resection, thoracic aneurysm repair, sympathectomy, and any other surgeries that take place in the lower neck or the mediastinum can lead to chylothorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chylothorax from radiation-induced mediastinal fibrosis. (pneumotox.com)
  • An extended thymectomy with en bloc resection of the anterior mediastinal fat tissue was performed in this patient. (amegroups.com)
  • The mechanism of chylothorax in granulomatous infections like tuberculosis and histoplasmosis appears to be mediastinal lymphadenitis. (imj.ie)
  • Nadolski G. Nontraumatic chylothorax: diagnostic algorithm and treatment options. (medscape.com)
  • The causes of nontraumatic chylothorax in dead patients were high central venous pressure (n=3), congenital (n=1), and unknown (n=1). (bvsalud.org)
  • Nontraumatic chylothorax more frequently occurs in under 1-year-old children . (bvsalud.org)
  • Malignancy-associated chylothorax: A 20-year study of 18 patients from a single institution. (springer.com)
  • Patients with postesophagectomy chylothorax have a 50-82% mortality rate if treated conservatively. (medscape.com)
  • Caverly L, Rausch CM, da Cruz E, Kaufman J. Octreotide treatment of chylothorax in pediatric patients following cardiothoracic surgery. (medscape.com)
  • Does prophylactic ligation of the thoracic duct reduce chylothorax rates in patients undergoing oesophagectomy? (medscape.com)
  • The elucidation of clinicopathological factors that can predict the incidence of chylothorax will help to establish more effective perioperative management for esophageal cancer patients. (springer.com)
  • Pleural effusions can occur in 36%-60% of patients with Kaposi sarcoma, and it has been documented that chylothorax is a rare, but plausible presentation in patients with Kaposi sarcoma. (mdedge.com)
  • Here we report on three unrelated patients with CBL mutations manifesting with hydrops fetalis, fetal pleural effusions and/or congenital hydro-/chylothorax. (uzh.ch)
  • Chylothorax developed subsequent to the diagnosis of TB in 27.8% (10/36) of the patients, after a median of 6.75 weeks (IQR 4-9). (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Chylothorax developed during an immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS) in 16.7% (10/36) of the patients, including immunocompetent ones. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an important cause of chylothorax in areas endemic for tuberculosis, so the simultaneous existence of both etiologies should be considered in patients from these areas. (medwave.cl)
  • Most patients benefit from a staged care plan that moves gradually from least invasive to progressively more invasive options although some etiologies of chylothorax warrant early definitive therapy to avoid nutritional depletion. (imj.ie)
  • Post CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) chylothorax is usually related as a consequence of internal mammary artery harvesting in adult patients. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Additional tests may be done to help determine the cause of the chylothorax and the overall condition of your pet. (petplace.com)
  • In many animals the underlying cause of the chylothorax is never determined. (petplace.com)
  • Tuberculous chylothorax is an important cause of chylothorax to be considered in endemic areas of tuberculosis. (medwave.cl)
  • Fetal hydrops, fetal pleural effusions, hydrothorax, and chylothorax, may be associated with various genetic disorders, in particular with the Noonan, cardio-facio-cutaneous and Costello syndromes. (uzh.ch)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Chylothorax complicating bronchogenic carcinoma. (who.int)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Chylothorax: A rare presentation of Constrictive Pericarditis. (who.int)
  • Chylothorax refers to the presence of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space secondary to leakage from the thoracic duct or one of its main tributaries. (heartandcoeur.com)
  • A wide variety of fetal abnormalities have been addressed via operative fetoscopy, including Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) or other fetal conditions associated with multiple gestation, fetal chylothorax and obstruction of the fetal urinary tract. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chylothorax occurs with a thoracic duct obstruction, which results in leakage of lymphatic fluid into the pleural cavity. (mdedge.com)
  • Tunneled pleural catheters in the management of chylothorax from central venous catheter-related superior vena cava obstruction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The chylothorax was successfully treated in 7 days by octreotide administration and medium-chain triglycerides enriched diet. (annexpublishers.co)
  • Chylothorax is an accumulation of lymphatic fluid within the pleural space. (springer.com)
  • Accumulation of triglycerides in the peritoneal fluid and pleural fluid is known as chyloascites and chylothorax, respectively. (ispub.com)
  • His chylothorax was managed conservatively with insertion of an intercostal catheter (ICC) and a low-fat diet. (bmj.com)
  • Chylothorax results in both compromised respiration and debilitation because of loss of large amounts of proteins, fats, fat-soluble vitamins, and lymphocytes into the pleural cavity. (vin.com)
  • The symptoms of chylothorax in dogs are brought about by the significant loss of large quantities of proteins, fats, lymphocytes, and fat-soluble vitamins into the pleural cavity. (seniortailwaggers.com)
  • The most common causes of chylothorax include trauma to the thoracic duct and lymphoreticular malignancy, which, for the latter, may be the presenting sign. (springer.com)
  • Chylothorax is usually produced by direct trauma to the thoracic duct. (mdedge.com)
  • The surgery with the highest risk of chylothorax is an esophagostomy, with a 5-10% risk of chylothorax. (wikipedia.org)
  • To evaluate the time to resolution of chylothorax of infants receiving skimmed mother's milk versus specialized formula. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Conclusion: Successful long-term resolution of chylothorax was seen in a high proportion of dogs that underwent VATS TDL and pericardectomy, although late recurrence was sometimes seen. (elsevier.com)
  • The result of this experiment suggests that any occlusion of the cranial vena cava can also be a mechanism for the development of chylothorax. (seniortailwaggers.com)