Chrysosporium: A mitosporic Onygenaceae fungal genus which causes adiaspiromycosis, a pulmonary mycosis of man and rodents. One of its teleomorphs is Ajellomyces.Phanerochaete: A genus of fungi in the family Corticiaceae, order Stereales, that degrades lignin. The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a frequently used species in research.Basidiomycota: A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)PeroxidasesCarbohydrate Dehydrogenases: Reversibly catalyze the oxidation of a hydroxyl group of carbohydrates to form a keto sugar, aldehyde or lactone. Any acceptor except molecular oxygen is permitted. Includes EC 1.1.1.; EC 1.1.2.; and 1.1.99.Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Polyporaceae: A family of bracket fungi, order POLYPORALES, living in decaying plant matter and timber.Sporothrix: A mitosporic Ophiostomataceae fungal genus, whose species Sporothrix schenckii is a well-known animal pathogen. The conidia of this soil fungus may be inhaled causing a primary lung infection, or may infect independently via skin punctures.Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE and cellotetraose. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing ends of beta-D-glucosides with release of CELLOBIOSE.Cellobiose: A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in beta (1-4) glycosidic linkage. Obtained from the partial hydrolysis of cellulose.Trinitrotoluene: A 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, which is an explosive chemical that can cause skin irritation and other toxic consequences.Agaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Coriolaceae: A family of fungi, order POLYPORALES, found on decaying wood.Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Chlorophenols: Phenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any position.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Pentachlorophenol: An insecticide and herbicide that has also been used as a wood preservative. Pentachlorphenol is a widespread environmental pollutant. Both chronic and acute pentachlorophenol poisoning are medical concerns. The range of its biological actions is still being actively explored, but it is clearly a potent enzyme inhibitor and has been used as such as an experimental tool.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Piperonyl Butoxide: An insecticide synergist, especially for pyrethroids and ROTENONE.Dicofol: An organochlorine insecticide.Cellulase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane: An organochlorine insecticide that is slightly irritating to the skin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p482)Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Oxygenases: Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.PhenanthrenesGenes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Aldrin: A highly poisonous substance that was formerly used as an insecticide. The manufacture and use has been discontinued in the U.S. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Manganese: A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035)Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Vanillic Acid: A flavoring agent. It is the intermediate product in the two-step bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin. (J Biotechnol 1996;50(2-3):107-13).Mirex: An organochlorine insecticide that is carcinogenic.Heptachlor: A man-made compound previously used to control termites and other insects. Even though production of heptachlor was phased out of use in the United States during the late 1980's it remains in soil and hazardous waste sites. It is clearly toxic to animals and humans but, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that heptachlor is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans. (From ATSDR Public Heath Statement, April 1989)Laccase: A copper-containing oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 4-benzenediol to 4-benzosemiquinone. It also has activity towards a variety of O-quinols and P-quinols. It primarily found in FUNGI and is involved in LIGNIN degradation, pigment biosynthesis and detoxification of lignin-derived products.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Mitosporic Fungi: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.Mycelium: The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.Polycyclic Compounds: Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.Azo CompoundsOptical Rotation: The rotation of linearly polarized light as it passes through various media.Anisoles: A group of compounds that are derivatives of methoxybenzene and contain the general formula R-C7H7O.Benzoin: A white crystalline compound prepared by condensation of benzaldehyde in potassium cyanide and used in organic syntheses. This should not be confused with benzoin gum from STYRAX.Glycoside HydrolasesRNA, Fungal: Ribonucleic acid in fungi having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium: A cellulose derivative which is a beta-(1,4)-D-glucopyranose polymer. It is used as a bulk laxative and as an emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals and as a stabilizer for reagents.Mycology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of fungi, and MYCOSES.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Benzyl CompoundsMinerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.IndophenolIndustrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Pleurotus: A genus of basidiomycetous fungi, family POLYPORACEAE, order POLYPORALES, that grows on logs or tree stumps in shelflike layers. The species P. ostreatus, the oyster mushroom, is a choice edible species and is the most frequently encountered member of the genus in eastern North America. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, p531)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Pichia: Yeast-like ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES isolated from exuded tree sap.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Hydrogen Peroxide: A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.beta-Glucosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Coloring Agents: Chemicals and substances that impart color including soluble dyes and insoluble pigments. They are used in INKS; PAINTS; and as INDICATORS AND REAGENTS.Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide: A condensation product of riboflavin and adenosine diphosphate. The coenzyme of various aerobic dehydrogenases, e.g., D-amino acid oxidase and L-amino acid oxidase. (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p972)3-Isopropylmalate Dehydrogenase: An NAD+ dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-4-methylpentanoate to 3-carboxy-4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate. It is involved in the biosynthesis of VALINE; LEUCINE; and ISOLEUCINE.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Isoenzymes: Structurally related forms of an enzyme. Each isoenzyme has the same mechanism and classification, but differs in its chemical, physical, or immunological characteristics.Heme: The color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin. It is found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Free Radicals: Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.Genome, Fungal: The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a fungus.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.

TMC-69, a new antitumor antibiotic with Cdc25A inhibitory activity, produced by Chrysosporium sp. TC1068. Taxonomy, fermentation and biological activities. (1/24)

A new antibiotic designated TMC-69 has been isolated from the fermentation broth of a fungal strain Chrysosporium sp. TC 1068. TMC-69 exhibited moderate in vitro cytotoxic activity. TMC-69-6H, a derivative of TMC-69 prepared by hydrogenation, possessed more potent in vitro cytotoxicity than TMC-69, and exhibited in vivo antitumor activity against murine P388 leukemia and B16 melanoma. TMC-69-6H was found to specifically inhibit Cdc25A and B phosphatases.  (+info)

Pulmonary colonization by Chrysosporium zonatum associated with allergic inflammation in an immunocompetent subject. (2/24)

We report a case of noninvasive pulmonary disease due to Chrysosporium zonatum in an immunocompetent male. The fungus colonized an existing tuberculous cavity and was isolated from transbronchial lavage fluid and from a percutaneous aspiration specimen. The disease was accompanied by the unusual feature of an allergic reaction. The fungus ball was successfully treated by intracavitary administration of amphotericin B. C. zonatum is the anamorph of the heterothallic ascomycete Uncinocarpus orissi, and the identity of the case isolate was verified by formation of ascospores in mating tests with reference isolates.  (+info)

Non-sporulating Chrysosporium: an opportunistic fungal infection in a neutropenic patient. (3/24)

We report a case of an invasive infection with non-sporulating Chrysosporium species in a patient who was treated with chemotherapy for relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This patient presented with a persistent lobar pneumonia, skin lesions, and possible involvement of the central nervous system. The patient responded to treatment with amphotericin B and oral itraconazole.  (+info)

False identification of Coccidioides immitis: do molecular methods always get it right? (4/24)

rRNA sequence analysis of a partial region of the 18S and 5.8S-internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region of Chrysosporium keratinophilum highlights its potential molecular misidentification as Coccidioides immitis. Molecular identification of medically important fungi should not be based solely on sequence analysis of the 18S rRNA gene but should be confirmed by sequence analysis of an additional rRNA gene locus, such as the ITS region(s).  (+info)

Specific xyloglucanases as a new class of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes. (5/24)

Three specific xyloglucanases (XGs) were isolated from Aspergillus japonicus (32 kDa, pI 2.8), Chrysosporium lucknowense (78 kDa, pI 3.8) and Trichoderma reesei (75-105 kDa, pI 4.1-4.3). The characteristic feature of these enzymes was their high specific activity toward tamarind xyloglucan, whereas the activity against carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and barley beta-glucan was absent or very low. Peptide mass fingerprinting using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry showed that the T. reesei XG represents Cel74A, whose gene has been discovered recently (GenBank accession no. AY281371 ), but the enzyme has not been characterized and described elsewhere. Tryptic peptides from A. japonicus and C. lucknowense xyloglucanases did not show any identity to those from known glycoside hydrolases. All enzymes produced XXXG, XXLG/XLXG and XLLG oligosaccharides as the end products of xyloglucan hydrolysis. A. japonicus XG displayed an endo-type of attack on the polymeric substrate, while the mode of action of two other xyloglucanases was similar to the exo-type, when oligosaccharides containing four glucose residues in the main chain were split off the ends of xyloglucan molecules. These results together with growing literature data allow concluding that specific xyloglucanases may represent a new class of glycoside hydrolases, which are different from regular endo-1,4-beta-glucanases.  (+info)

False-positive Histoplasma capsulatum Gen-Probe chemiluminescent test result caused by a Chrysosporium species. (6/24)

We describe a case in which the Histoplasma capsulatum AccuProbe test displayed cross-reactivity with a respiratory isolate thought to be Histoplasma but not morphologically consistent with H. capsulatum. The isolate was later identified as the Chrysosporium anamorph of Nannizziopsis vriesii by sequence analysis and phenotypic data.  (+info)

Overproduction of lignin-degrading enzymes by an isolate of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. (7/24)

Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a white rot fungus which secretes a family of lignin-degrading enzymes under nutrient limitation. PSBL-1 is a mutant of this organism that generates the ligninolytic system under nonlimiting conditions during primary metabolism. Lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and glyoxal oxidase activities for PSBL-1 under nonlimiting conditions were 4- to 10-fold higher than those of the wild type (WT) under nitrogen-limiting conditions. PSBL-1 was still in the log phase of growth while secreting the enzymes, whereas the WT had ceased to grow by this time. As in the WT, manganese(II) increased manganese peroxidase activity in the mutant. However, manganese also caused an increase in lignin peroxidase and glyoxal oxidase activities in PSBL-1. Addition of veratryl alcohol to the culture medium stimulated lignin peroxidase activity, inhibited glyoxal oxidase activity, and had little effect on manganese peroxidase activity in PSBL-1, as in the WT. Fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) analysis shows production of larger amounts of isozyme H2 in PSBL-1 than in the WT. These properties make PSBL-1 very useful for isolation of large amounts of all ligninolytic enzymes for biochemical study, and they open the possibility of scale-up production for pratical use.  (+info)

Pannorin, a new 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium pannorum. (8/24)

Pannorin, a naphthopyrone that inhibits 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol synthesis, was isolated from a culture broth of Chrysosporium pannorum M10539 by solvent extraction, Bio-Gel P-6 column chromatography and reverse phase HPLC (Silica ODS). Spectroscopic analyses of the compound yielded 4,8,10-trihydroxy-5-methyl-2H-naphtho[1,2-b]pyran-2-one as the proposed structure. Pannorin inhibited HMG-CoA reductase and in vitro sterol synthesis 50% at a concentration of 160 microM.  (+info)

*Chrysosporium

... is a type of hyaline hyphomycetes fungi in the family Onygenaceae. Chrysosporium colonies are moderately fast- ... Species of Chrysosporium are occasionally isolated from skin and nail scrapings, especially from feet, but, because they are ... Chrysosporium has been identified as an emerging infectious disease, first in Canada affecting reptiles at around 1995. It ... There are about 22 species of Chrysosporium, several are keratinophilic with some also being thermotolerant, and cultures may ...

*Chrysosporium longisporum

... is a keratinophilic microfungus in the family Onygenaceae that causes skin infections in reptiles, ... "Molecular characterization of reptile pathogens currently known as members of the Chrysosporium anamorph of Nannizziopsis ... Chrysosporium longisporum at the Encyclopedia of Life. ...

*Chrysosporium keratinophilum

... is one of the more commonly occurring species of the genus Chrysosporium in nature. It is easily ... Chrysosporium keratinophilum colonies grow rapidly at 25 °C approximately 60-100 mm in 21 days. Colonies can be flat or folded ... Chrysosporium keratinophilum is often referred to as a keratinophilic fungus in reference to its affinity for growth on keratin ... Chrysosporium keratinophilum is most commonly found in keratin-rich, dead materials such as feathers, skin scales, hair, and ...

*Nannizziopsis guarroi

... the Chrysosporium species to which the five isolates showed the greatest similarity was the Chrysosporium anamorph of ... They were classified as a new species Chrysosporium guarroi sp.nov. in the family Onygenaceae and the order of Onygenales. ... The delineation of species in the genus Chrysosporium and their assignment to higher taxonomic levels can be challenging due to ... Nannizziopsis guarroi was first discovered in Spain in 2010 and was classified as Chrysosporium guarroi, a member of the ...

*Aphanoascus fulvescens

Chrysosporium keratinophilum is regarded by some mycologists as the asexual state, or anamorph, however others argue that this ... The colonial appearance of A. fulvescens generally mimics that of species in the genus Trichophyton and Chrysosporium while ... "Destruction of hair by Chrysosporium keratinophilum". (April 1969). Transactions of the British Mycological Society 52(2):247- ...

*Geomyces pannorum

It was transferred to the genus Chrysosporium by the Canadian mycologist Stanley Hughes in 1958; however, the asymmetry and ... Members of the genus Chrysosporium differ in having larger conidia and acutely branched conidiophores. Geomyces pannorum is a ... doi:10.1016/s0169-555x(02)00142-3. Carmichael, J. W. (1962). "CHRYSOSPORIUM AND SOME OTHER ALEURIOSPORIC HYPHOMYCETES". ...

*Myceliophthora thermophila

van Oorschot, C.A.N. (1980). "A revision of Chrysosporium and allied genera". Studies in Mycology. 20. van den Brink, Joost; ... The genus Myceliophthora was not used to describe this species until 1977, since the genus Chrysosporium formerly encompassed ... It was reclassified to the ascomyceteous genus, Chrysosporium, and became known as C. thermophilum. ...

*Wood-decay fungus

This is different from some other white-rot fungi, e.g., Phanerochaete chrysosporium, which shows no selectivity to ...

*Lignin peroxidase

Tien M, Tu CP (1987). "Cloning and sequencing of a cDNA for a ligninase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium". Nature. 326 (6112): ... Kersten PJ, Tien M, Kalyanaraman B, Kirk TK (1985). "The ligninase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium generates cation radicals ... Cai DY, Tien M (1990). "Characterization of the oxycomplex of lignin peroxidases from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: equilibrium ... Tien M; Kirk TT (1984). "Lignin-degrading enzyme from Phanerochaete chrysosporium purification, characterization, and catalytic ...

*Manganese peroxidase

Brown JA, Alic M, Gold MH (July 1991). "Manganese peroxidase gene transcription in Phanerochaete chrysosporium: activation by ... Wariishi H, Akileswaran L, Gold MH (1988). "Manganese peroxidase from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium: spectral ... Phanerochaete chrysosporium". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 242 (2): 329-41. doi:10.1016/0003-9861(85)90217-6. PMID 4062285. ... Gold and Ronald Crawford in the fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The protein was genetically sequenced in P. chrysoporium in ...

*Roberta Farrell

"Production of multiple ligninases by Phanerochaete chrysosporium: effect of selected growth conditions and use of a mutant ... "Physical and enzymatic properties of lignin peroxidase isoenzymes from Phanerochaete chrysosporium." Enzyme and microbial ...

*Haem peroxidase

Reddy CA, D Souza TM (1994). "Physiology and molecular biology of the lignin peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium". FEMS ...

*Polytolypa

The anamorph (asexual form of the fungus) resembles the genus Chrysosporium. Polytolypa hystricis is known only from the dung ...

*Methyl violet

"Biodegradation of crystal violet by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. ...

*Polyporales

Two sequenced fungi, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, and Postia placenta, serve as model species for researchers investigating the ... "Comparative transcriptome and secretome analysis of wood decay fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium". Applied ... "Genome sequence of the lignocellulose degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78". Nature Biotechnology. 22 (6): ... "Metadata Analysis of Phanerochaete chrysosporium gene expression data identified common CAZymes encoding gene expression ...

*Fungal extracellular enzyme activity

In white-rot fungi such as Phanerochaete chrysosporium, expression of manganese-peroxidase is induced by the presence of ... "Secretome analysis of Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain CIRM-BRFM41 grown on softwood". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology ...

*In situ bioremediation

... of the model white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium". Critical Reviews in Microbiology. 38 (4): 339-363. doi:10.3109/ ...

*List of sequenced fungi genomes

Phanerochaete chrysosporium Strain:RP78, mycoremediation (2004) Piriformospora indica endophyte (2011) Pleurotus ostreatus, ... "Genome sequence of the lignocellulose degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78". Nat. Biotechnol. 22 (6): 695- ...

*Phanerochaete

The genome of Phanerochaete chrysosporium was sequenced and shows the genetic potential to make over 100 cytochrome P450 ... For example, phenol-formaldehyde is degraded by P. chrysosporium, while P. sordida breaks down the neonicotinoid pesticide ... Syed, K.; Yadav, J.S. (2012). "P450 monooxygenases (P450ome) of the model white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium". ... "Genome sequence of the lignocellulose degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78". Nature Biotechnology. 22 (6): ...

*Polyvinyl chloride

Phanerochaete chrysosporium was grown on PVC in a mineral salt agar. Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Lentinus tigrinus, ...

*Geomyces

Species of Geomyces have previously been placed in the genus Chrysosporium. This genus is characterized by short but distinct ...

*Hanns Kreisel

Chrysosporium kreiselii Dominik 1965 Kreiseliella U.Braun 1991 Kreiseliella typhae (Vasyag.) U.Braun 1991 Meliola kreiseliana ...

*List of sequenced eukaryotic genomes

2004). "Genome sequence of the lignocellulose degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78". Nature Biotechnology. ...

*Chlordane

The fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been found to reduce concentrations by 21% in water in 30 days and in solids in 60 ... Phanerochaete chrysosporium". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:2347-2353. Chlordane Technical Fact Sheet - National Pesticide ...

*Synthesis of nanoparticles by fungi

The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium has also been demonstrated to be able to synthesize elemental selenium ... Soni, N; Prakash S (2011). "Factors affecting the geometry of silver nanoparticles sythesis in Chrysosporium tropicum and ... External gold nanoparticle synthesis by P. chrysosporium was attributed to laccase, while intracellular gold nanoparticle ... Chrysosporium tropicum, and Phoma glomerata, while intracellular synthesis was shown to occur in a Verticillium species, and in ...
A case of disseminated bilateral pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is reported in a two year old Finnish girl. She recovered from this rare infection after treatment with amphotericin B. She is the first human case of adiaspiromycosis in Scandinavia and she is the youngest child with this disease reported so far. Electron microscopy showed that the three layers of the spore wall were not typical; rather, there seemed to be a gradual transition between the main wall zones, which may be split into an indefinite number of thin layers. Varying numbers and thicknesses were seen with different staining methods, and in different spores. Diagnosis relies on recognition of the fungus in a pulmonary biopsy specimen, because there are no reliable serological tests and culture of the fungus is time consuming and not always successful. It was thought that this patient had become infected as a result of contact with soil dust containing the spores in the yard surrounding her home, and as a result of her mothers ...
... - Instruments Consumables Reagents Advanced BioMatrix,RANDOX,RANDOX ELISA,Biomedical, biochemical reagents, laboratory supplies, equipment, antibodies, ELISA kits, diagnostic reagents, methods of experimental techniques, general analytical instruments, material testing instruments and equipment, used laboratory equipment, instruments and equipment, life sciences, environmental monitoring equipment , measurement, measuring instruments, rotating wall bioreactor, three-dimensional tissue / stem cell culture system; microcapsule
Successful treatment of Chrysosporium keratitis with voriconazole Onsiri Thanathanee, Chavakij Bhoomibunchoo, Orapin Anutarapongpan, Olan Suwan-apichon, Yosanan Yospaiboon KKU Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand Objective: To report a patient with severe Chrysosporium keratitis successfully treated by voriconazole.Method: Case report.Results: A 37-year-old healthy male presented with irritation, pain and reduced vision in his left eye after mud contamination. Examination demonstrated corneal stromal infiltration, endothelial plaque and hypopyon. Corneal scrapings demonstrated numerous septate hyphae, and specimen cultures were positive for Chrysosporium sp. The lesion did not respond to aggressive topical 5% natamycin, 0.15% topical amphotericin B and oral itraconazole. The patient was then treated by topical 1% voriconazole every hour. Intracameral and intrastromal voriconazole injections (50 μg/0.1 mL) were also undertaken. The
Bartlett, R D. and Bartlett, P.P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas. xviii + 331 pp.. Burbrink, F.T. 2001. Systematics of the eastern ratsnake complex (Elaphe obsoleta). Herpetological Monographs 15: 1-53.. Burbrink, F.T. and Lawson, R. 2007. How and when did Old World rat snakes disperse into the New World? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 173-189.. Burbrink, F.T., Lawson, R. and Slowinski, J.B. 2000. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of the North American rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta): a critique of the subspecies concept. Evolution 54: 2107-2114.. Conant, R. and Collins, J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America. Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.. Crother, B.I., Boundy, J., Campbell, J.A., de Quieroz, K., Frost, D., Green, D.M., Highton, R., Iverson, J.B., McDiarmid, R.W., Meylan, P.A., Reeder, T.W., Seidel, M.E., Sites Jr, J.W., Tilley, S.G. and Wake, ...
N. pustulatus has been an enigmatic species of burying beetle because it was never found breeding on a small carcass. Drs. Gabriel Blouin-Demers and Patrick Weatherhead (University of Illinois-Urbana) found N. pustulatus adults and larvae in the nests of the black rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta). Working in our lab, Garrison Smith (M.S., University of Arizona) determined that this species is well adapted to exploiting reptile eggs using many of the same behaviors that congeners use when exploiting carcasses (see September, 2009 issue of Natural History). The closest phylogenetic relatives of N. pustulatus (determined by Derek Sikes, University of Alaska-Fairbanks Museum) have not been studied so it is unknown whether additional nicrophorine species act as parasitoids of reptiles. ...
N. pustulatus has been an enigmatic species of burying beetle because it was never found breeding on a small carcass. Drs. Gabriel Blouin-Demers and Patrick Weatherhead (University of Illinois-Urbana) found N. pustulatus adults and larvae in the nests of the black rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta). Working in our lab, Garrison Smith (M.S., University of Arizona) determined that this species is well adapted to exploiting reptile eggs using many of the same behaviors that congeners use when exploiting carcasses (see September, 2009 issue of Natural History). The closest phylogenetic relatives of N. pustulatus (determined by Derek Sikes, University of Alaska-Fairbanks Museum) have not been studied so it is unknown whether additional nicrophorine species act as parasitoids of reptiles. ...
Gluconic acid is a multifunctional organic acid which has increasing interest in different application because of its non-corrosiveness, non-toxicity, readily biodegradability and environmentally friendly properties ...
Synonyms for rat snake in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for rat snake. 13 words related to rat snake: colubrid, colubrid snake, corn snake, Elaphe guttata, red rat snake, black rat snake, blacksnake, Elaphe obsoleta.... What are synonyms for rat snake?
Proteome IDi ,p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome,/a>. It consists of the characters UP followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.,p>,a href=/help/proteome_id target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Fungi • Phylum: Ascomycota • Subphylum: Pezizomycotina • Classis: Eurotiomycetes • Subclassis: Eurotiomycetidae • Ordo: Onygenales • Familia: Onygenaceae • Genus: Coccidioides G.W. Stiles 1896 ...
ID C5GNE1_AJEDR Unreviewed; 606 AA. AC C5GNE1; DT 28-JUL-2009, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 07-SEP-2016, sequence version 2. DT 20-DEC-2017, entry version 48. DE SubName: Full=Actin polymerization protein Bzz1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEQ91176.2}; GN ORFNames=BDCG_06296 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEQ91176.2}; OS Ajellomyces dermatitidis (strain ER-3 / ATCC MYA-2586) (Blastomyces OS dermatitidis). OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; OC Eurotiomycetidae; Onygenales; Ajellomycetaceae; Blastomyces. OX NCBI_TaxID=559297 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEQ91176.2, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000002039}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000002039} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=ER-3 / ATCC MYA-2586 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000002039}; RX PubMed=26439490; DOI=10.1371/journal.pgen.1005493; RA Munoz J.F., Gauthier G.M., Desjardins C.A., Gallo J.E., Holder J., RA Sullivan T.D., Marty A.J., Carmen J.C., Chen Z., Ding L., Gujja S., RA Magrini V., Misas E., Mitreva M., ...
The plant cell wall is a complex material in which the cellulose microfibrils are embedded within a mesh of other polysaccharides, some of which are loosely termed "hemicellulose." One such hemicellulose is xyloglucan, which displays a β-1,4-linked D-glucose backbone substituted with xylose, galactose, and occasionally fucose moieties. Both xyloglucan and the enzymes responsible for its modification and degradation are finding increasing prominence, reflecting both the drive for enzymatic biomass conversion, their role in detergent applications, and the utility of modified xyloglucans for cellulose fiber modification. Here we present the enzymatic characterization and three-dimensional structures in ligand-free and xyloglucan-oligosaccharide complexed forms of two distinct xyloglucanases from glycoside hydrolase families GH5 and GH12. The enzymes, Paenibacillus pabuli XG5 and Bacillus licheniformis XG12, both display open active center grooves grafted upon their respective (β/α)8 and β-jelly ...
Utiger et al. (2002) examined mtDNA variation in New World and Old World "Elaphe" and determined that North American rat snakes included in the genus Elaphe formed a monophyletic limeage that is distinct from Old World snakes that also have been regarded as Elaphe. They resurrected the genus Pantherophis for the rat snakes north of Mexico, including the following species: Pantherophis obsoletus (and P. alleghaniensis and P. spiloides, if one recognizes those taxa as species), P. guttatus, P. emoryi, P. vulpinus, P. gloydi, and P. bairdi. Crother et al. (2003) did not follow this taxonomy pending further research, and retained the traditional concept of Elaphe. Burbrink and Lawson (2007) agreed with Utiger et al. (2002) that these species do not belong in Elaphe, but suggested that the genus Pantherophis might belong in Pituophis. We place this species in Pantherophis, following Utiger et al. (2002) pending further information on the relationships of these taxa ...
Although they prefer rodents, rat snakes will bite humans if cornered. Avoid infection wounds by knowing how to respond to its aggressions knowing its natural history.
The performance of a fluidized bed reactor using immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium to remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution was investigated. The contribution of lignin peroxidase (LiP) and manganese peroxidase (MnP) secreted by Phanerochaete chrysosporium to the 2,4-DCP degradation was examined. Results showed that Lip and Mnp were not essential to 2,4-DCP degradation while their presence enhanced the degradation process and reaction rate. In sequential batch experiment, the bioactivity of immobilized cells was recovered and improved during the culture and the maximum degradation rate constant of 13.95 mg (Ld)−1 could be reached. In continuous bioreactor test, the kinetic behavior of the Phanerochaete chrysosporium immobilized on loofa sponge was found to follow the Monod equation. The maximum reaction rate was 7.002 mg (Lh)−1, and the saturation constant was 26.045 mg L−1. ...
The first steps of wood degradation by fungi lead to the release of toxic compounds known as extractives. To better understand how lignolytic fungi cope with the toxicity of these molecules, a transcriptomic analysis of Phanerochaete chrysosporium genes was performed in presence of oak acetonic extracts. It reveals that in complement to the extracellular machinery of degradation, intracellular antioxidant and detoxification systems contribute to the lignolytic capabilities of fungi presumably by preventing cellular damages and maintaining fungal health. Focusing on these systems, a glutathione transferase (PcGTT2.1) has been selected for functional characterization. This enzyme, not characterized so far in basidiomycetes, has been first classified as a GTT2 in comparison to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae isoform. However, a deeper analysis shows that GTT2.1 isoform has functionally evolved to reduce lipid peroxidation by recognizing high-molecular weight peroxides as substrates. Moreover, the ...
Abstract: The central nervous system (CNS) of a metamorphically competent larva of the caenogastropod Ilyanassa obsoleta contains a medial, unpaired apical ganglion (AG) of approximately 25 neurons that lies above the commissure connecting the paired cerebral ganglia. The AG, also known as the cephalic or apical sensory organ (ASO), contains numerous sensory neurons and innervates the ciliated velar lobes, the larval swimming and feeding structures. Before metamorphosis, the AG contains 5 serotonergic neurons and exogenous serotonin can induce metamorphosis in competent larvae. The AG appears to be a purely larval structure as it disappears within 3 days of metamorphic induction. In competent larvae, most neurons of the AG display nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-like immunoreactivity and inhibition of NOS activity can induce larval metamorphose. Because nitric oxide (NO) can prevent cells from undergoing apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death (PCD), we hypothesize that inhibition of NOS activity ...
ID C1GVY4_PARBA Unreviewed; 857 AA. AC C1GVY4; DT 26-MAY-2009, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 04-FEB-2015, sequence version 2. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 36. DE RecName: Full=V-type proton ATPase subunit a {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; GN ORFNames=PAAG_02679 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEH40703.2}; OS Paracoccidioides lutzii (strain ATCC MYA-826 / Pb01) (Paracoccidioides OS brasiliensis). OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes; OC Eurotiomycetidae; Onygenales; Onygenales incertae sedis; OC Paracoccidioides. OX NCBI_TaxID=502779 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEH40703.2, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000002059}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EEH40703.2, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000002059} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=ATCC MYA-826 / Pb01 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000002059}; RX PubMed=22046142; DOI=10.1371/journal.pgen.1002345; RA Desjardins C.A., Champion M.D., Holder J.W., Muszewska A., RA Goldberg J., Bailao A.M., Brigido M.M., Ferreira M.E., Garcia ...
The glycogen-synthase-kinase 3 (GSK-3) is an important target in drug discovery. This enzyme is involved in the signaling pathways of type 2 diabetes, neurological disorders, cancer, and other diseases. Therefore, inhibitors of GSK-3 are promising drug candidates for the treatment of a broad range of diseases. Here we report pannorin (1), alternariol (2), and alternariol-9-methylether (3) to be promising inhibitors of the isoform GSK-3β showing sub-μM IC50 values. The in vitro inhibition is in the range of the known highly active GSK-3β inhibitor TDZD-8. Compounds 1-3 have a highly oxygenated benzocoumarin core structure in common, which suggests that this may be a new structural feature for efficient GSK-3β inhibition.
Conclusions: The GGSF and GANM substrates favored an antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus during the second and third hours of fermentation (inhibition diameter was 6.11% and 4.72%, respectively). The GGSF, GANM and CS substrates did not present statistically significant differences for the production of antimicrobial substances against Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, GGSF and GANM can be considered as viable and economical alternative nitrogen sources for the production of the antimicrobial compounds formed by Weissella confusa in submerged fermentations ...
TABLE-US-00002 Program: CLUSTALW, Default parameters: Protein Gap Open Penalty 10.0 Protein Gap Extension Penalty 0.2 Protein weight matrix: Gonnet series GI No. of the reference S_ID DB SEQ ID NO Organism sequences Aa Position s1 seq_ID 2 Zymomonas mobilis AAV90172.1 F 486 s20 seq_ID 3 Streptomyces coelicolor CAB39697.1 F 449 s911 seq_ID 4 Acetobacter pasteurianus BAH99456.1 F 481 s2 seq_ID 5 Bradyrhizobium sp. ABQ33590.1 F 447 s940 seq_ID 6 Zymomonas mobilis EER62728.1 F 438 s949 seq_ID 7 Acidithiobacillus caldus EET25937.1 Y 432 s167 seq_ID 8 Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ACH84004.1 Y 429 s41 seq_ID 9 Acidobacterium capsulatum ACO34244.1 F 458 s36 seq_ID 10 Acidothermus cellulolyticus ABK53469.1 F 426 s83 seq_ID 11 Adiantum capillus-veneris BAF93209.1 Y 436 s143 seq_ID 12 Ajellomyces capsulatus EDN09769.1 F 496 s995 seq_ID 13 Ajellomyces capsulatus EER40510.1 -- 432 s163 seq_ID 14 Ajellomyces capsulatus EEH02950.1 F 429 s13 seq_ID 15 Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius EED08231.1 Y 420 s14 ...
The temporal and spatial effects of selenite (SeO32−) on the physical properties and respiratory activity of Phanerochaete chrysosporium biofilms, grown in flow-cell reactors, were investigated using oxygen microsensors and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) imaging. Exposure of the biofilm to a SeO32− load of 1.67 mg Se L−1 h−1 (10 mg Se L−1 influent concentration), for 24 h, resulted in a 20% reduction of the O2 flux, followed by a ∼10% decrease in the glucose consumption rate. Long-term exposure (4 days) to SeO32− influenced the architecture of the biofilm by creating a more compact and dense hyphal arrangement resulting in a decrease of biofilm thickness compared to fungal biofilms grown without SeO32−. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the effect of SeO32− on the aerobic respiratory activity on fungal biofilms is described.
Abstract: Production of nitric oxide (NO), an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling molecule, appears to be required for the maintenance of the larval state in the gastropod mollusc Ilyanassa obsoleta. Pharmacological inactivation of endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS), the enzyme that generates NO, can trigger metamorphosis in physiologically competent larvae of this species. Neuropils in the brains of these competent larvae display histochemical reactivity for NADPH diaphorase (NADPHd), an indication of neuronal NOS activity. The intensity of NADPHd staining is greatest in the neuropil of the apical ganglion (AG), a region of the brain that contains the apical sensory organ and that innervates the bilobed ciliated velum, the larval swimming and feeding organ. Once metamorphosis is initiated, the intensity of NADPHd staining in the AG and presumably, concomitant NO production, decline. The AG is finally lost by the end of larval metamorphosis, some 4 days after induction. To ...
1GPI: Family 7 Cellobiohydrolases from Phanerochaete Chrysosporium: Crystal Structure of the Catalytic Module of Cel7D (Cbh58) at 1.32 Angstrom Resolution and Homology Models of the Isozymes.
1C8I: Direct binding of hydroxylamine to the heme iron of Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase. Substrate analogue that inhibits compound I formation in a competetive manner.
The production of methionine by submerged fermentation using a mutant strain of Corynebacterium lilium was studied to determine suitable conditions for obtaining high productivity. The mutant strain resistant to the ...
Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC 24725 internal transcribed spacer 1, partial sequence; 5.8S ribosomal RNA gene and internal transcribed spacer 2, complete sequence; and 28S ribosomal RNA gene, partial ...
What makes it the worst, though, is that this wording gives the impression that evolution is a directed process. If a species needs some particular trait, somehow, natural selection will work toward acquiring that trait. Thats absurd! Yet time and time again, this author gives the impression that natural selection will do just that. For example, while discussing the Rat Snake, the author said, "As a result, rat snakes have had to adapt to their local environments in an effort to avoid detection and hunt more effectively." In the case of nylon-eating bacteria, the author said, "This is a very simple example of natural selection, where the most basic forms of life can adapt to whatever food the environment offers." Isnt that a hoot? According to this logic, if only birdseed is available in some area, then the crocodiles there can adapt to eat birdseed! ...
The elaphe are the main genus of rat snakes. It contains different species. These snakes are non-venomous but their bite. Read more ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
Influence of Carbon Source on the Production of Extracellular Ligninolytic Enzymes by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Fangfang Wang,a Mingqiang Ai,a Guihua Yang,b Jiachuan Chen,b Xiulan Chen,a and Feng Huang a,*. The effect of altering the carbon source in the growing environment was investigated relative to the production of ligninolytic enzymes by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Glucose, cellobiose, and cellulose (or mixtures thereof) were used as the carbon sources. Glucose oxidase and glyoxal oxidase activities in all carbon sources were produced during cultivation. High peak levels (0.17 to 0.24 IU/mL) of manganese peroxidase activity were observed only in mediums containing oligosaccharides. Lignin peroxidase activity was high in glucose medium (0.21 IU/mL of peak value); however, minimal amounts were formed in the cellulose medium (0.01 IU/mL of peak value). High amounts of cellobiose:quinone oxidoreductase (3.33-3.99 IU/mL of peak value) and cellobiose dehydrogenase (0.04-0.2 IU/mL of peak ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oxidation of 1,2,4,5-tetramethoxybenzene by lignin peroxidase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. AU - Koduri, Rao S.. AU - Whitwam, Ross E.. AU - Barr, David. AU - Aust, Steven D.. AU - Tien, Ming. PY - 1996/2/15. Y1 - 1996/2/15. N2 - We have reinvestigated the lignin peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 1,2,4,5-tetramethoxybenzene (TMB) by using presteady-state and steady-state kinetic methods. Our presteady-state kinetic results show that the reaction of compound I with TMB obeyed second order kinetics with a rate constant of 1.1 x 107 M-1 s-1. The reaction of compound II with TMB exhibits a hyperbolic concentration dependence with a K(d) of 16 μM and k = 24 s-1. The stoichiometry of TMB oxidation during steady state is two TMB cation radicals formed per H2O2 consumed. These results clearly show that TMB is a good substrate for both compounds I and II of lignin peroxidase.. AB - We have reinvestigated the lignin peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 1,2,4,5-tetramethoxybenzene (TMB) by ...
While most Ascomycetes tend to associate principally with plants, the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii are primary pathogens of immunocompetent mammals, including humans. Infection results from environmental exposure to Coccidiodies, which is believed to grow as a soil saprophyte in arid deserts. To investigate hypotheses about the life history and evolution of Coccidioides, the genomes of several Onygenales, including C. immitis and C. posadasii; a close, nonpathogenic relative, Uncinocarpus reesii; and a more diverged pathogenic fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum, were sequenced and compared with those of 13 more distantly related Ascomycetes. This analysis identified increases and decreases in gene family size associated with a host/substrate shift from plants to animals in the Onygenales. In addition, comparison among Onygenales genomes revealed evolutionary changes in Coccidioides that may underlie its infectious phenotype, the identification of which may ...
In spite of great variation in body size, habitat use, diet, and behavior, the lack of bold, readily apparent distinguishing marks can make identification of southeastern "black snakes" a daunting task for those inexperienced with snakes. Nonetheless, an informed observer can readily recognize the bright orange belly of the black swamp snake or the namesake ringed neck of the ring-necked snake, and may quickly learn to distinguish between the smooth, glossy sheen of the eastern indigo or black racer and the keeled, somewhat dull look of the black pine and black rat snakes. These snakes may seem nondescript at first glance, though knowledge of these and other more subtle, yet telltale characteristics will assist in the rewarding task of becoming familiar with the "black snakes" of the southeastern US.. Fortunately, there are a variety of books and websites that are extremely helpful references for use in determining the identity of an unknown non-venomous or venomous snake. In addition, these ...
There also are copy-number changes within conserved fungal kinase families. Phylogenetic analysis of the MAPK cascade revealed Basidiomycota-specific duplications in the MAPK genes (S. cerevisiae FUS3/KSS1) which are involved in the pheromone response, whereas HOG1 a p38 kinase, is single copy throughout the sampled fungi (Fig. S3).. We examined two additional gene families of significant size (cytochrome P450 and hydrophobins) to ask if duplicated paralogs from these families also are found in restricted chromosome regions. The P450 gene family (125 genes contain the Pfam domain) includes genes with metabolic roles in monooxygenase metabolism, and the family is implicated in the degradation capabilities of Phanerochaete chrysosporium on substrates ranging from lignin to diesel fuel (26, 27). Phylogenetic analysis shows that the expansion of the family was independent in P. chrysosporium and C. cinerea (SI Text and Fig. S4). Although scattered members of the P450 and other expanded families are ...
INTRODUCTION. Lipases (triacylglycerol acylhydrolases, EC3.1.1.3) are water-soluble enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds of insoluble triacylglycerols, releasing free fatty acids, mono-or diacylglycerolin into the oil-water interface (Treichel et al., 2010). These enzymes catalyze a wide range of reactions such as hydrolysis, esterification, trans-esterification, alcoholysis, acidolysis and aminolysis (Joseph; Ramteke; Thomas, 2008), and may be of animal, microbial or plant origin, with variations in catalytic properties, and can be obtained by solid-state fermentation or submerged fermentation (Annibale et al., 2006; Rigo et al., 2010; Papagora; Roukas; Kotzekidou, 2013).. Lipases are an important group of enzymes with various applications in the food, chemical and pharmaceutical industry, besides having great interest for the treatment of effluents with high lipid content (Jeganathan; Nakhla; Bassi, 2007; Ertugrul; Donnez; Takac, 2007). The use of lipases in effluents with high ...
Between March and May, snakes will begin to emerge from winters hibernation. After a few weeks, rat snakes begin to seek out a mate, typically in late April, May, and early June. Males tend to wait for the females to pass through their territory, and by using pheromones, will communicate and initiate the mating process with the female. A male will approach a female, line up with her and attempt to wrap his tail around her tail with their vents nearly touching. Some males will grasp females with their mouths to hold them in place and prevent their escape. The male will then erect his hemipene and insert it into the females cloaca while several small spines anchor the hemipene firmly. Mating can last only a few minutes or it can span the time of a few hours. Five weeks later, the female will lay around 5 to 27 eggs. The female will lay her eggs in a hidden area, under hollow logs or leaves, or in abandoned burrows. The eggs will hatch 55 to 60 days later. Like other reptiles, rat snakes have ...
Thailand has 200+ snake species with about 35 of them venomous and deadly (on land). I started this site to educate Thais, expats, and visitors to Thailand about snakes. Many people kill the snakes they see here, while in many cases - they are non-venomous and completely harmless. With this site I hope to give people a better idea of what is harmful and what isnt ...
Since it is open access you can read the paper for the full details. The main result is that it looks like separate and distinction lineages of R. rattus piggybacked on the expansion of humans. The main caveat, admitted in the article, is a reliance on mtDNA and the possibility of admixture and introgression across lineages explaining the current extant variance. The authors refer to paraphyly because it may be that all the descendants of modern black rats, as we understand them, may not be identified as black rats, probably due to their lack of adaptation and coexistence with humans.. Obviously well need to wait for autosomal studies which utilize many more markers. But lets grant the robustness of this finding: that the modern black rat lineages are a compound of a recent demographic expansion from a small population in western India, as well as long standing deep rooted populations across South and Southeast Asia, which independently entered into coexistence and parasitism with humans. I ...
This is a little Texas Rat Snake (more info here). Lots of people are quick to kill them and say they have no choice because these snakes are agressive.
This paper reports the isolation of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium and the results of a survey of idiophasic functions among these mutants. The mutant strains were isolated from a medium containing o-anisidine after gamma irradiation of wild-type spores and fell into four classes, divided by the manner in which they mineralized 14C-lignin wheat lignocellulose. Examples are strain LMT7, which degraded lignin at a rate similar to that of the wild type; strain LMT26, in which degradation was enhanced; strain LMT16, whose degradation rate was apparently unaffected, although the onset of lignin attack was delayed compared with that in the wild type; and strain LMT24, which was unable to evolve significant amounts of 14CO2 from the radiolabeled substrate. The mutants were not necessarily defective in other functions associated with idiophasic activities (intracellular cyclic AMP levels, sporulation, extracellular glucan production, veratryl alcohol ...
In order to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships in European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe, we analyzed a 597 bp part of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of eight West Eurasian and one East Asian species. Lampropeltis served as outgroup. Maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood suggest the existence of four lineages: 1) E. scalaris; 2) the E. longissima species group comprising E. longissima, E. lineata, E. situla, E. hohenackeri, and E. persica; 3) E. quatuorlineata and 4) E. dione as a sister group to 3). Elaphe scalaris is basal and shows no closer affiliation with any other analyzed species. The Middle Eastern E. persica and E. hohenackeri appear basal within the E. longissima group. Elaphe lineata differs by 8% nucleotide substitutions from E. longissima, supporting the hypothesis that both taxa represent distinct species. Elaphe situla is associated with Elaphe longissima and E. lineata. Three analyzed subspecies of E. quatuorlineata are represented by distinct haplotypes. The extent of
Looking for online definition of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene in the Medical Dictionary? 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene explanation free. What is 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene? Meaning of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene medical term. What does 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene mean?
Removal of xylan, one of two polysaccharides representing the hemicelluloses, was the highest for Bipolaris sp1 (30.6%) and at or above 25% for P. chrysosporium (25.4%), Dothideomycete sp. (25.0%), and N. crassa (26.5%). Dropping the amount of removal to 24% included Chloridium sp1, A. aff. phaeospermum, and two more Dothideomycetes spp., A. aff. tenuissima and E. aff. nigrum.. Removal of arabinan, the second polymer representing hemicellulose, was almost 50% for Bipolaris sp1 (49.5%) and Fusarium aff. equiseti (48.8%), followed closely by eight others at more than 45% (Figure 4). The four well-studied fungi removed less than 45% of the arabinan, with N. crassa being the highest (43.2%) and P. chrysosporium the lowest (36.8%).. Lignin reduction was the highest for the well-studied, wood decay fungus, P. chrysosporium (14.7%) followed by A. aff. phaeospermum at 11.1%. No other fungus removed even 10% of the lignin, including the other Basidiomycota, P. placenta (7.6%). The best of the Ascomycota, ...
Autori: PETRE, M., PENG, M-X., MAO, L-X.. Editorial: Acta Edulis Fungi, 12, p.345-353, 2005.. Rezumat:. Cuvinte cheie: Cordyceps sinensis (Paecilomyces hepiali), submerged cultivation, pellet formation. ...
At Novozymes, industrial enzymes are produced using a process called submerged fermentation. This involves growing carefully selected microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) in closed vessels containing a rich broth of nutrients (the fermentation medium) and a high concentration of oxygen (aerobic conditions). As the microorganisms break down the nutrients, they produce the desired enzymes. The first step in harvesting enzymes from the fermentation medium is to remove insoluble products, primarily microbial cells. This is normally done by centrifugation or microfiltration steps. As most industrial enzymes are extracellular - secreted by cells into the external environment - they remain in the fermented broth after the biomass has been removed. The enzymes in the remaining broth are then concentrated by evaporation, membrane filtration or crystallization depending on their intended application ...
Glucoamylase adopts fine microorganisms of aspergillus niger extract from its submerged fermentation, no transglucosidase and with high percent conversion. This series pr
Rats are long-tailed rodents that are present in the world in various sizes, colors and shapes. They are larger in size when compared to mice. The two most common types are brown rats and black rats. The brown rats are also known as Norway rats. The black rats are believed to have originated in the Asian regions before slowly making their way to other parts of the world. An adult black rat can be around 30 to 46 cms in length. They are omnivorous in nature and feed on both plants and small insects or animals. They are also very generic in their food and eat about everything they can find. Not only do they feed on fruits, seeds, leaves and stems but also the food stuffs meant for cows, dogs, cats and chickens. They also are a big threat to farmers and destroy agricultural based crops. A Norway rat is around 25 cm in length with a tail that is usually as long as they are. They weigh around 250 to 350 grams. They are known to have originated from China and are an important model of scientific ...
St. Stephen was a Jew living in the Hellenic provinces, related to the Apostle Paul and one of the first seven deacons ordained by the Apostles to serve the Church in Jerusalem (thus making him an archdeacon). In the words of Asterias:St Stephen was "the starting point of the martyrs, the instructore of suffering for Christ, the foundation of righteous confession, since Stephen was the first to shed his blood for the Gospel." The Holy Spirit worked powerfully through his faith, enabling him to perform many miracles and always defeat the Jews who would dispute with him. The Jews in their hatred of St. Stephen lied about him to the people, but St. Stephen with his face illumined reminded the people of the miracles God had worked through him and even rebuked the Jews for killing the innocent Christ. The people were enraged by what they thought was blasphemy and gnashed their teeth at Stephen. It was then that he saw his Christ in the heavens and declared it so. Hearing this, the Jews took him ...
The practice of exposing liquid cultures of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium to a pure oxygen atmosphere under conditions of nutrient starvation has been widely adopted to induce lignin peroxidase (LiP) synthesis. Transmission electron microscopy was used to examine hyphal cells of carbon-limited cultures that had been exposed to an atmosphere of pure oxygen, and revealed evidence of a major loss in organization of cellular ultrastructure, which may be attributed to oxygen toxicity. Under some conditions (continuous agitation in air with cellulose as the carbon source) cultures will produce LiP without needing to be exposed to a pure oxygen atmosphere. A similar major loss of cellular ultrastructure was found in hyphal cells from such cultures upon examination. Investigation of the levels of H2O2, catalase and carbonyl content of intracellular proteins suggests that the latter cultures developed a hyperoxidant state because the rate of supply of carbon from cellulose hydrolysis was
Coccidioides is a genus of dimorphic ascomycetes in the family Onygenaceae. Member species are the cause of coccidioidomycosis, also known as San Joaquin Valley fever, an infectious fungal disease largely confined to the Western Hemisphere and endemic in the Southwestern United States. The host acquires the disease by respiratory inhalation of spores disseminated in their natural habitat. The causative agents of coccidioidomycosis are Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii. Both C. immitis and C. posadasii are indistinguishable during laboratory testing and commonly referred in literature as Coccidioides. Coccidioidomycosis is amazingly diverse in terms of its scope of clinical presentation, as well as clinical severity. About 60% of Coccidioides infections as determined by serologic conversion are asymptomatic. The most common clinical syndrome in the other 40% of infected patients is an acute respiratory illness characterized by fever, cough, and pleuritic pain. Skin manifestations, ...
Bacterial protease produced by submerged fermentation of a selected strain of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Secretion of protease by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens can be inhib
4.1 Product Harvesting. Harvesting microorganisms from submerged fermentation is often difficult due to the low concentration of the products, their thermolabile nature and in some cases their poor stability. Stabilizing adjuvants may have to be incorporated immediately post-harvest to prevent spore death and/or germination. Rapid drying or the addition of specific biocidal chemicals may be required to prevent growth of microbial contamination in the broth or centrifuge slurry (Soper and Ward, 1981).. Spore-forming Bacillus thuringiensis are usually concentrated prior to drying by centrifugation or filtration. Centrifugation using a continuous centrifuge concentrates the product from 2-3 % suspended solids to 15-20 %. Centrifugation may result in some loss of suspended solid as well as loss of dissolved materials. Such losses may not be acceptable and concentration using this technique can often be omitted. Following concentration, one of the technique mixes the crystal/spores slurry with ...
Modules of approx. 130 residues. A module that is conserved in three Cellvibrio xylan-degrading enzymes binds to xylan and the interaction is calcium dependent, while a module from a Cellvibrio mannanase binds to decorated soluble mannans and mannooligosaccharides. A module in a Phanerochaete chrysosporium galactan 1,3-β-galactosidase binds to β-galactan ...
The results of a recent study characterizing microbial communities in public restrooms may be enough to change the ways of those who dont already wash their hands after using the toilet. The study found that restrooms are dominated by human-associated bacteria--particularly those from the skin, gut, and urinary tract.
After years of research and gene mutation, scientists started to establish and set the basic requirements of what a domesticated rat should look like. To date, the approved types of genetically mutated rats which can be kept as pets are the Albinos, the black-eyed white rats, the white-pawed black rats and the Agouti. These rats can be cross-bred by their owners if they want -- this actually produced rats that have very different appearances. One of the most popular ones are the Siamese rats which are also known as the pointed rats. These rats have white underside with pink paws and tail; their bodies are spotted and their heads are white. There are so many other rat breeds now, some have furry tails; some have developed hairy paws (which is very uncommon), while many of these rats actually do not have hair ...
Banjo (1) 2014 (1) 2015 (1) A Moment In Time (1) Abaeis nicippe (2) Aborigines (1) Abysinnian cat (1) Acanthaceae (1) Acer rubrum (5) Acer saccharum (1) Achalarus lyciades (3) Acorn (1) Acraspis erinacei (1) Acris gryllus (1) Actias luna (5) Adders-mouth Orchid (1) Aechmophorus occidentalis (1) Agalinis (1) Agalinis purpurea (2) Agalinis tenuifolia (1) Ageratina aromatic (1) Agkistrodon contortrix (1) Agraulis vanillae (5) Agueweed (1) Ailanthus Webworm Moth (1) Aix sponsa (1) Alabama (3) Alaska (4) Alaska Volcano Observatory (3) Alaus oculatus (1) alcovy river (1) Alden Star (2) Allegheny Monkeyflower (1) Allen Pond (2) Alligator mississippiensis (1) Alligator Weed (1) Alligatorweed (1) Allium vineale (1) Alnus serrulata (3) Alternanthera philoxeroides (1) Amanita (1) Amanita amerirubescens (1) Amanita cokeri (1) Amanita flaviconia (1) Amanita jacksonii (3) Amanita jacksonii. (1) Amanita muscaria var. guessowii (2) Amanita polypyramis (1) Amanita rhacopus (1) Amanita sp (1) Amanita sp. (6) ...
The origin of lignin biodegradation occurred in the late Carboniferous, 300 million years ago, with the appearance of the first ligninolytic peroxidase in the common ancestor of Agaricomycetes. These enzymes would have provided to the first ligninolytic fungi the ability to attack the lignocellulosic biomass of vascular plants, enabling carbon recycling in land ecosystems.. In a recent article published in Biotechnol Biofuels, the group led by Angel Martínez from CIB, with participation of Iván Ayuso-Fernández and Francisco Javier Ruiz-Dueñas, has recreated the subsequent evolution of ligninolytic peroxidases in Polyporales, a basidiomycete order that appeared near 150 million years ago and where most extant wood-rotting fungi are included. To this end, the main intermediates forming the evolutionary pathway that led to the most efficient ligninolytic peroxidases currently existing in nature have been reconstructed and resurrected. The structural-functional study of these ancestral ...
The news this evening reported that the latest DNA test results found 12 DNA samples on and in her person from 5 different sources - that is to say, one person contributed more than one sample. It was also reported that the tests were able to detect the DNA from less than a single skin cell - that is even non-sexual contact could have been detected. The tests had to correct for any possible contamination from lab workers, and that opens an avenue for charges of evidence tampering (see OJs "trial") and other true believers to hang their conspiracies on. This case is far from over. I doubt that the feds will step in as there is no upside potential. The state, being run by corrupt democrats, will not punish their own, and life will go one. Lawyers will make a lot of money, politicians will keep their jobs, except for those that Jim Black rats out, and Crystal will remain the repository for the hopes, dreams, aspirations and DNA of a community. ...
Bacteria secreted enzyme mostly are cell associated and the only bacteria that produces extracellular phytases are of the genera Bacillus (Choi et al., 2001; Kerovou et al., 1998; Kim et al., 1998). Bacterial phytases are detected in many species like Bacillus, Pseudomonas, E.coli, Klebsiella, Lactobacillus species (Quan et al., 2001; Pandey et al., 2001; Kim et al., 1999, 1998; Griener et al.,1993; Shimuzu, 1992; Yoon et al.,1996). Bacterial phytases are generally produced by submerged fermentation at pH 7.0. Some bacterial phytases, especially those of the genera Bacillus and Enterobacter, exhibit pH optima in the range from 6.0 to 8.0 (Shimizu, 1992). Therefore, they would be more beneficial as feed additives for poultry as their pH optimum is close to the physiological pH of the poultry crop. The phytases of E. coli have been reported to be periplasmic enzymes (Greiner et al., 1993) and phytase activity in Selenomonas ruminantium, Bacillus spp. and Mitsuokella multiacidus was found to be ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fungal pretreatment of sulfides in refractory gold ores. AU - Ofori-Sarpong, G.. AU - Osseo-Asare, Kwadwo Asare. AU - Tien, Ming. PY - 2011/5/1. Y1 - 2011/5/1. N2 - This study assessed the capability of the fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, to decompose pyrite, arsenopyrite and a sulfide-containing flotation concentrate in an effort to develop a microbial process for pretreating refractory gold ores. The extent of biotransformation was monitored by analyzing for iron, sulfur and arsenic in incubation solutions, and for sulfide sulfur in the residual solids. The results were then expressed as percentages of the initial weights. For arsenopyrite, 1.5 wt.%, 7.2 wt.% and 10.3 wt.% of iron, arsenic and sulfur respectively were present as soluble constituents in the incubation solution within 21 days of fungal treatment, whereas for pyrite, there was 1.2 wt.% iron and 6.0 wt.% sulfur. For the same processing period in the case of the flotation concentrate, 1.8 wt.%, 6.1 wt.% and ...
Rintoul, S. R. , Sparrow, M. , Meredith, M. P. , Wadley, V. , Speer, K. , Hofmann, E. , Summerhayes, C. , Urban, E. , Bellerby, R. , Ackley, S. , Alverson, K. , Ansorge, I. , Aoki, S. , Azzolini, R. , Beal, L. , Belbeoch, M. , Bergamasco, A. , Biuw, M. , Boehme, L. , Budillon, G. , Campos, L. , Carlson, D. , Cavanagh, R. , Charpentier, E. , Chul Shin, H. , Coffin, M. , Constable, A. , Costa, D. , Cronin, M. , De Baar, H. , De Broyer, C. , De Bruin, T. , De Santis, L. , Butler, E. , Dexter, P. , Drinkwater, M. , England, M. , Fahrbach, E. , Fanta, E. , Fedak, M. , Finney, K. , Fischer, A. , Frew, R. , Garzoli, S. , Gernandt, H. , Gladyshev, S. , Gomis, D. , Gordon, A. , Gunn, J. , Gutt, J. , Haas, C. , Hall, J. , Heywood, K. , Hill, K. , Hindell, M. , Hood, M. , Hoppema, M. , Hosie, G. , Howard, W. , Joiris, C. , Kaleschke, L. , Kang, S. H. , Kennicutt, M. , Klepikov, A. , Lembke-Jene, L. , Lovenduski, N. , Lytle, V. , Mathieu, P. P. , Moltmann, T. , Morrow, R. , Muelbert, M. , Murphy, E. , ...

Phenotypic classes of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. | Journal of...Phenotypic classes of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. | Journal of...

Phenotypic classes of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium.. R Liwicki, A ... This paper reports the isolation of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium and the ... Phenotypic classes of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. ... Phenotypic classes of phenoloxidase-negative mutants of the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. ...
more infohttps://jb.asm.org/content/162/2/641

Disordered ultrastructure in lignin-peroxidase-secreting hyphae of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium |...Disordered ultrastructure in lignin-peroxidase-secreting hyphae of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium |...

The practice of exposing liquid cultures of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium to a pure oxygen atmosphere under ... 1987; Structure of the β-d-glucan secreted by Phanerochaete chrysosporium in continuous culture. Carbohydr Res165:146-149[ ... 1987; Effect of Tween 80 and oleic acid on ligninase production by Phanerochaete chrysosporium INA-12. Enzyme Microb Technol9: ... 1994; Physiology and molecular biology of the lignin peroxidases of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. FEMS Microbiol Rev13:137-152[ ...
more infohttps://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-146-3-759

Nitroreductase II Involved in 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Degradation: Purification and Characterization from Klebsiella sp. C1 
   ...Nitroreductase II Involved in 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Degradation: Purification and Characterization from Klebsiella sp. C1 ...

Biotransformation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene with Phanerochaete chrysosporium in agitated culture at pH 4.5. Appl. Environ. ... Purification and characterization of a 1,4-benzoquinone reductase from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl. ...
more infohttp://www.ndsl.kr/ndsl/search/detail/article/articleSearchResultDetail.do?cn=JAKO200919038642720

Chrysosporium - WikipediaChrysosporium - Wikipedia

Chrysosporium is a type of hyaline hyphomycetes fungi in the family Onygenaceae. Chrysosporium colonies are moderately fast- ... Species of Chrysosporium are occasionally isolated from skin and nail scrapings, especially from feet, but, because they are ... Chrysosporium has been identified as an emerging infectious disease, first in Canada affecting reptiles at around 1995. It ... There are about 22 species of Chrysosporium, several are keratinophilic with some also being thermotolerant, and cultures may ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysosporium

Chrysosporium longisporum - WikipediaChrysosporium longisporum - Wikipedia

Chrysosporium longisporum is a keratinophilic microfungus in the family Onygenaceae that causes skin infections in reptiles, ... "Molecular characterization of reptile pathogens currently known as members of the Chrysosporium anamorph of Nannizziopsis ... Chrysosporium longisporum at the Encyclopedia of Life. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysosporium_longisporum

Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall ATCC ® 24725™Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall ATCC ® 24725™

Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC ® 24725™ Designation: VKM F-1767 [CBS 481.73, CCRC 36200, IMI 174727, NRRL 6361, QM 9998] ... Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall (ATCC® 24725™) Alternate State: Sporotrichum pulverulentum Novobranova, Sporotrichum ... Stewart P, Gaskell J, Cullen D. A homokaryotic derivative of a Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain and its use in genomic ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : X51590 Phanerochaete chrysosporium GLG3 (LIP) gene for lignin peroxidase Nucleotide (GenBank) : X12698 ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/By_Organization__Company/24725.aspx

Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall ATCC ® 24725™Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall ATCC ® 24725™

Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC ® 24725™ Designation: VKM F-1767 [CBS 481.73, CCRC 36200, IMI 174727, NRRL 6361, QM 9998] ... Phanerochaete chrysosporium Burdsall (ATCC® 24725™) Alternate State: Sporotrichum pulverulentum Novobranova, Sporotrichum ... Stewart P, Gaskell J, Cullen D. A homokaryotic derivative of a Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain and its use in genomic ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : X51590 Phanerochaete chrysosporium GLG3 (LIP) gene for lignin peroxidase Nucleotide (GenBank) : X12698 ...
more infohttps://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/By_Organization__Company/24725.aspx

Understanding LiP Promoters from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: A Bioinformatic Analysis | TreesearchUnderstanding LiP Promoters from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: A Bioinformatic Analysis | Treesearch

Understanding LiP promoters from Phanerochaete chrysosporium: A bioinformatic analysis. In: Xia, Xuhua, ed. Selected works in ... Influence of Populus Genotype on Gene Expression by the Wood Decay Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium ... Comparative transcriptome and secretome analysis of wood decay fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium ... Transcript patterns of Phanerochaete chrysosporium genes in organopollutant contaminated soils and in wood. ...
more infohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/41650

Manganese peroxidase H3 precursor - Phanerochaete chrysosporium (White-rot fungus)Manganese peroxidase H3 precursor - Phanerochaete chrysosporium (White-rot fungus)

"Heterogeneity and regulation of manganese peroxidases from Phanerochaete chrysosporium.". Pease E.A., Tien M.. J. Bacteriol. ... sp,P78733,PEM3_PHACH Manganese peroxidase H3 OS=Phanerochaete chrysosporium OX=5306 PE=1 SV=2 ... Phanerochaete chrysosporium (White-rot fungus) (Sporotrichum pruinosum). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot. ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P78733

mnp2 - Peroxidase - Phanerochaete chrysosporium (White-rot fungus) - mnp2 gene & proteinmnp2 - Peroxidase - Phanerochaete chrysosporium (White-rot fungus) - mnp2 gene & protein

Phanerochaete chrysosporium (White-rot fungus) (Sporotrichum pruinosum)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database ... tr,Q12170,Q12170_PHACH Peroxidase OS=Phanerochaete chrysosporium OX=5306 GN=mnp2 PE=3 SV=1 ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q12170

Successful treatment of Chrysosporium keratitis with voriconazole | IMCRJSuccessful treatment of Chrysosporium keratitis with voriconazole | IMCRJ

Corneal scrapings demonstrated numerous septate hyphae, and specimen cultures were positive for Chrysosporium sp. The lesion ... this is the first report on the use of voriconazole for Chrysosporium keratitis. Voriconazole may be an effective alternative ... To report a patient with severe Chrysosporium keratitis successfully treated by voriconazole.Method: Case report.Results: A 37- ... Successful treatment of Chrysosporium keratitis with voriconazole Onsiri Thanathanee, Chavakij Bhoomibunchoo, Orapin ...
more infohttps://www.dovepress.com/successful-treatment-of-chrysosporium-keratitis-with-voriconazole-peer-reviewed-article-IMCRJ

RPR113228, a novel farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium lobatum.  - PubMed - NCBIRPR113228, a novel farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium lobatum. - PubMed - NCBI

RPR113228, a novel farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium lobatum.. Van der Pyl D, Cans P, Debernard ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7649878?dopt=Abstract

SCOPe 2.06: Species: Basidomycetes fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) [TaxId: 5306]SCOPe 2.06: Species: Basidomycetes fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) [TaxId: 5306]

Timeline for Species Basidomycetes fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) [TaxId:5306] from d.16.1.1 Flavoprotein domain of ... PDB entries in Species: Basidomycetes fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) [TaxId: 5306]:. *Domain(s) for 1kdg: *. Domain ... Lineage for Species: Basidomycetes fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) [TaxId: 5306]. *Root: SCOPe 2.06 *. Class d: Alpha and ... More info for Species Basidomycetes fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) [TaxId:5306] from d.16.1.1 Flavoprotein domain of ...
more infohttp://scop.berkeley.edu/sunid=82591

Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis...Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis...

... chrysosporium and 82% (n = 8,258) of P. chrysosporium models aligned with C. subvermispora. Most (n = 5,443) of these pairs ... chrysosporium. Genes encoding manganese peroxidase numbered 13 and five in C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium, respectively ... The P. chrysosporium and C. subvermispora genes were previously designated Pcfad2 and Csfad2 (29, 30), respectively. Transcript ... 1). In identical media, none of the P. chrysosporium MnP genes were up-regulated, but significant accumulation of two LiP gene ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/109/14/5458.long

Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis...Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis...

... chrysosporium and 82% (n = 8,258) of P. chrysosporium models aligned with C. subvermispora. Most (n = 5,443) of these pairs ... chrysosporium. Genes encoding manganese peroxidase numbered 13 and five in C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium, respectively ... The P. chrysosporium and C. subvermispora genes were previously designated Pcfad2 and Csfad2 (29, 30), respectively. Transcript ... 1). In identical media, none of the P. chrysosporium MnP genes were up-regulated, but significant accumulation of two LiP gene ...
more infohttp://www.pnas.org/content/109/14/5458

Use of non-living lyophilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium cultivated in various media for phenol removal | SpringerLinkUse of non-living lyophilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium cultivated in various media for phenol removal | SpringerLink

Phenol Phanerochaete chrysosporium Cultivation Heat and pressure treatment Lyophilization Biosorption Highlights. • Enhanced ... Singhal V, Kumar A, Rai JPN (2005) Bioremediation of pulp and paper mill effluent with Phanerochaete chrysosporium. J Environ ... Wu J, Yu H-Q (2007) Biosorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol by immobilized white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium from aqueous ... Iqbal M, Saeed A (2007) Biosorption of reactive dye by loofa sponge-immobilized fungal biomass of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-017-1120-x

Lignin-Degrading Enzymes from the Filamentous Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium | Springer for Research & DevelopmentLignin-Degrading Enzymes from the Filamentous Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium | Springer for Research & Development

Pease E.A., Tien M. (1991) Lignin-Degrading Enzymes from the Filamentous Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. In: Dordick J.S. ( ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-4597-9_6

Regulation of Gene Expression during the Onset of Ligninolytic Oxidation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Spruce Wood |...Regulation of Gene Expression during the Onset of Ligninolytic Oxidation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Spruce Wood |...

A novel extracellular multicopper oxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium with ferroxidase activity. XML: View XML. Report an ... Whole transcriptome shotgun sequencing (RNA-seq) analyses based on the v.2.2 P. chrysosporium genome identified 356 genes whose ... We grew Phanerochaete chrysosporium on solid spruce wood and included oxidant-sensing beads bearing the fluorometric dye BODIPY ... Regulation of Gene Expression during the Onset of Ligninolytic Oxidation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Spruce Wood ...
more infohttps://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/50045

Passing of fluorescein derivatives into the hyphae of Phanerochaete chrysosporium | Springer for Research & DevelopmentPassing of fluorescein derivatives into the hyphae of Phanerochaete chrysosporium | Springer for Research & Development

... derivatives added into the growth medium were decolorized during submerged cultivation of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The ... Kos N., Perdih A.: Polyoxirane distribution in aPhanerochaete chrysosporium culture.Folia Microbiol. 44, 527-529 (1999). ... Verma P., Madamwar D.: Decolorization of synthetic textile dyes by lignin peroxidase ofPhanerochaete chrysosporium.Folia ... Podgornik H., Grgič I., Perdih A.: Decolorization rate of dyes using lignin peroxidases ofPhanerochaete chrysosporium. ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02930956

RCSB PDB 









- 1GPI: Cellobiohydrolase Cel7D (CBH 58) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Catalytic module at 1.32 Angstrom...RCSB PDB - 1GPI: Cellobiohydrolase Cel7D (CBH 58) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Catalytic module at 1.32 Angstrom...

Family 7 Cellobiohydrolases from Phanerochaete Chrysosporium: Crystal Structure of the Catalytic Module of Cel7D (Cbh58) at ... Cellobiohydrolase Cel7D (CBH 58) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Catalytic module at 1.32 Angstrom resolution. ...
more infohttp://www.rcsb.org/pdb/explore/materialsAndMethods.do?structureId=1GPI

TMC-69, a new antitumor antibiotic with Cdc25A inhibitory activity, produced by Chrysosporium sp. TC1068. Taxonomy,...TMC-69, a new antitumor antibiotic with Cdc25A inhibitory activity, produced by Chrysosporium sp. TC1068. Taxonomy,...

A new antibiotic designated TMC-69 has been isolated from the fermentation broth of a fungal strain Chrysosporium sp. TC 1068. ... TMC-69, a new antitumor antibiotic with Cdc25A inhibitory activity, produced by Chrysosporium sp. TC1068. Taxonomy, ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11480885?dopt=Abstract

Sequence Similarity 









- 1GPI: Cellobiohydrolase Cel7D (CBH 58) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Catalytic module at 1...Sequence Similarity - 1GPI: Cellobiohydrolase Cel7D (CBH 58) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Catalytic module at 1...

Family 7 Cellobiohydrolases from Phanerochaete Chrysosporium: Crystal Structure of the Catalytic Module of Cel7D (Cbh58) at ... Cellobiohydrolase Cel7D (CBH 58) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Catalytic module at 1.32 Angstrom resolution. ...
more infohttp://www.rcsb.org/pdb/explore/sequenceCluster.do?structureId=1GPI&entity=1&seqid=95

Degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) by the lignin-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete...Degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) by the lignin-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete...

Under secondary metabolic conditions, the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium degraded 2,7-dichlorodibenzo-p- ... Under secondary metabolic conditions, the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium degraded 2,7-dichlorodibenzo-p- ... Under secondary metabolic conditions the white rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium rapidly mineralizes 2,4,5- ... Phanerochaete chrysosporium, and its involvement in the degradation of a lignin model compound. Agricultural and biological ...
more infohttps://eurekamag.com/research/002/590/002590044.php

CiNii 論文 - 
 		
 		
 			
 		 	
 		 		
 		 			TMC-69, a New Antitumor Antibiotic with Cdc25A Inhibitory Activity, Produced by...CiNii 論文 - TMC-69, a New Antitumor Antibiotic with Cdc25A Inhibitory Activity, Produced by...

Chrysosporin, a new inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase produced by Chrysosporium pannorum PARK J. K. ... Pannorin, a new 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium pannorum OGAWA H. ... RPR113228, a novel farnesyl protein transferase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium lobatum VAN DER PYL D. ... Structure of TMC-69, a new antitumor antibiotics from Chrysosporium sp. TC 1068 KOHNO J. ...
more infohttp://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10008470286

Biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in a fluidized bed reactor with immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium | Water Science...Biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in a fluidized bed reactor with immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium | Water Science...

Biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in a fluidized bed reactor with immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium Xiao-ming Li Xiao- ... In continuous bioreactor test, the kinetic behavior of the Phanerochaete chrysosporium immobilized on loofa sponge was found to ... The contribution of lignin peroxidase (LiP) and manganese peroxidase (MnP) secreted by Phanerochaete chrysosporium to the 2,4- ... The performance of a fluidized bed reactor using immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium to remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP ...
more infohttps://iwaponline.com/wst/article-abstract/62/4/947/16543/Biodegradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenol-in-a?redirectedFrom=fulltext
  • To investigate the basis for selective ligninolysis, we conducted comparative genome analysis of C. subvermispora and P. chrysosporium . (pnas.org)
  • In addition, the C. subvermispora genome contains at least seven genes predicted to encode laccases, whereas the P. chrysosporium genome contains none. (pnas.org)
  • Whole transcriptome shotgun sequencing (RNA-seq) analyses based on the v.2.2 P. chrysosporium genome identified 356 genes whose transcripts accumulated to relatively high levels at 96 h and were at least four times the levels found at 40 h. (usda.gov)
  • Species of Chrysosporium are occasionally isolated from skin and nail scrapings, especially from feet, but, because they are common soil saprotrophs, they are usually considered as contaminants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In summary, the C. subvermispora genetic inventory and expression patterns exhibit increased oxidoreductase potential and diminished cellulolytic capability relative to P. chrysosporium . (pnas.org)
  • RPR113228, a novel farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitor produced by Chrysosporium lobatum. (nih.gov)
  • The biosorption of phenol on non-living lyophilized mycelial pellets of Phanerochaete chrysosporium cultivated in liquid medium of various compositions was studied in batch biosorption system. (springer.com)