Chryseobacterium: A genus of aerobic, gram-negative bacteria in the family FLAVOBACTERIACEAE. Many of its species were formerly in the genus FLAVOBACTERIUM.Flavobacteriaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family FLAVOBACTERIACEAE.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Flavobacterium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.Calystegia: A plant genus of the family CONVOLVULACEAE. Members contain calystegine and calystegins.Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.Elymus: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The common name of wild rye is used with some other grasses.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Flavobacteriaceae: A family of bacteria in the order Sphingobacteriales, class Sphingobacteria. They are gram-negative rods, mostly saprophytic in terrestrial and aquatic habitats.Rhus: A plant genus of the family Anacardiaceae, order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae. It is a source of gallotannin (TANNIC ACID) and of somewhat edible fruit. Do not confuse with TOXICODENDRON which used to be part of this genus.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.Steel: A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.Pigments, Biological: Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Vitamin K 2: A group of substances similar to VITAMIN K 1 which contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinione and an isoprenoid side chain of varying number of isoprene units. In vitamin K 2, each isoprene unit contains a double bond. They are produced by bacteria including the normal intestinal flora.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.PhenazinesBibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Alcaligenes: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Nitrification: A process facilitated by specialized bacteria involving the oxidation of ammonium to nitrite and nitrate.Denitrification: Nitrate reduction process generally mediated by anaerobic bacteria by which nitrogen available to plants is converted to a gaseous form and lost from the soil or water column. It is a part of the nitrogen cycle.Nitrites: Salts of nitrous acid or compounds containing the group NO2-. The inorganic nitrites of the type MNO2 (where M=metal) are all insoluble, except the alkali nitrites. The organic nitrites may be isomeric, but not identical with the corresponding nitro compounds. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Coal Tar: A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).KuwaitMicrobial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Bacteremia: The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.Cellulitis: An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.Orbital Cellulitis: Inflammation of the loose connective tissues around the ORBIT, bony structure around the eyeball. It is characterized by PAIN; EDEMA of the CONJUNCTIVA; swelling of the EYELIDS; EXOPHTHALMOS; limited eye movement; and loss of vision.Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.Mannosyl-Glycoprotein Endo-beta-N-Acetylglucosaminidase: A group of related enzymes responsible for the endohydrolysis of the di-N-acetylchitobiosyl unit in high-mannose-content glycopeptides and GLYCOPROTEINS.Meningitis, Bacterial: Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots.Acinetobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus ACINETOBACTER.Acinetobacter baumannii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria, commonly found in the clinical laboratory, and frequently resistant to common antibiotics.Moraxella: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria occurring as rods (subgenus Moraxella) or cocci (subgenus Branhamella). Its organisms are parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other warm-blooded animals.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Microscopy, Confocal: A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.Acinetobacter calcoaceticus: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water. Although considered to be normally nonpathogenic, this bacterium is a causative agent of nosocomial infections, particularly in debilitated individuals.Microbiota: The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.Food Service, Hospital: Hospital department that manages and supervises the dietary program in accordance with the patients' requirements.Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis: Gram-negative aerobic cocci of low virulence that colonize the nasopharynx and occasionally cause MENINGITIS; BACTEREMIA; EMPYEMA; PERICARDITIS; and PNEUMONIA.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Databases, Protein: Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.Sequence Analysis, Protein: A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Ribonucleases: Enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds within RNA. EC 3.1.-.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Proteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Phosphines: Inorganic or organic compounds derived from phosphine (PH3) by the replacement of H atoms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Achromobacter denitrificans: The type species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria in the genus ACHROMOBACTER. Previously in the genus ALCALIGENES, the classification and nomenclature of this species has been frequently emended. The two subspecies, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans are associated with infections.Methylobacterium extorquens: A species of METHYLOBACTERIUM which can utilize acetate, ethanol, or methylamine as a sole carbon source. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Amoeba: A genus of ameboid protozoa. Characteristics include a vesicular nucleus and the formation of several lodopodia, one of which is dominant at a given time. Reproduction occurs asexually by binary fission.Chlamydiales: An order of obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacteria that have the chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. This is a two-stage cycle that includes a metabolically inactive infectious form, and a vegetative form that replicates by binary fission. Members of Chlamydiales are disseminated by aerosol or by contact. There are at least six recognized families: CHLAMYDIACEAE, Criblamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydia, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae.Acanthamoeba: A genus of free-living soil amoebae that produces no flagellate stage. Its organisms are pathogens for several infections in humans and have been found in the eye, bone, brain, and respiratory tract.Rickettsia: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.Achromobacter: A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. Soil and water are regarded as the natural habitat. They are sometimes isolated from a hospital environment and humans.Nasal Mucosa: The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.Physarum: A genus of protozoa, formerly also considered a fungus. Characteristics include the presence of violet to brown spores.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Cytophaga: A genus of gram-negative gliding bacteria found in SOIL; HUMUS; and FRESHWATER and marine habitats.Chitin: A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Bacteriophages: Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Burkholderia cepacia: A species of BURKHOLDERIA considered to be an opportunistic human pathogen. It has been associated with various types of infections of nosocomial origin.Burkholderia cepacia complex: A group of phenotypically similar but genotypically distinct species (genomovars) in the genus BURKHOLDERIA. They are found in water, soil, and the rhizosphere of crop plants. They can act as opportunistic human pathogens and as plant growth promoting and biocontrol agents.Burkholderia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus BURKHOLDERIA.Burkholderia: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Organisms in this genus had originally been classified as members of the PSEUDOMONAS genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings indicated the need to separate them from other Pseudomonas species, and hence, this new genus was created.Burkholderia gladioli: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that acts as both a human and plant pathogen.Ralstonia pickettii: The type species in the genus RALSTONIA. It is often found in the hospital ward as a contaminant of antiseptic and disinfectant solutions.Cystic Fibrosis: An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.Burkholderia cenocepacia: A species of gram-negative bacteria that causes disease in plants. It is found commonly in the environment and is an opportunistic pathogen in humans.Burkholderia pseudomallei: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.Ralstonia: A genus in the family BURKHOLDERIACEAE, comprised of many species. They are associated with a variety of infections including MENINGITIS; PERITONITIS; and URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Communicable DiseasesGenetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act: Public Law 104-91 enacted in 1996, was designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system, protect health insurance coverage for workers and their families, and to protect individual personal health information.Caves: Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Sphagnopsida: A class of BRYOPHYTA which is best known for Sphagnum forming PEAT bogs.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Bacteria, AerobicChlorobi: A phylum of anoxygenic, phototrophic bacteria including the family Chlorobiaceae. They occur in aquatic sediments, sulfur springs, and hot springs and utilize reduced sulfur compounds instead of oxygen.Bacteroidetes: A phylum of bacteria comprised of three classes: Bacteroides, Flavobacteria, and Sphingobacteria.Mimiviridae: A family of nucleocytoplasmic, large, double-stranded DNA viruses with extremely complex genomes.DNA Viruses: Viruses whose nucleic acid is DNA.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Clostridium difficile: A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.Bacterial Toxins: Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous: An acute inflammation of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA that is characterized by the presence of pseudomembranes or plaques in the SMALL INTESTINE (pseudomembranous enteritis) and the LARGE INTESTINE (pseudomembranous colitis). It is commonly associated with antibiotic therapy and CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE colonization.Clostridium Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.Enterotoxins: Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.Cysteine Proteases: A subclass of peptide hydrolases that depend on a CYSTEINE residue for their activity.Phytic Acid: Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.Ribotyping: RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM analysis of rRNA genes that is used for differentiating between species or strains.Antibodies, Neutralizing: Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.Digestive System Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Anaerobiosis: The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Dysbiosis: Changes in quantitative and qualitative composition of MICROBIOTA. The changes may lead to altered host microbial interaction or homeostatic imbalance that can contribute to a disease state often with inflammation.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Pyroglutamyl-Peptidase I: An enzyme that catalyzes the release of a N-terminal pyroglutamyl group from a polypeptide provided the next residue is not proline. It is inhibited by thiol-blocking reagents and occurs in mammalian tissues, microorganisms, and plants. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.4.19.3.Aminopeptidases: A subclass of EXOPEPTIDASES that act on the free N terminus end of a polypeptide liberating a single amino acid residue. EC 3.4.11.Leucyl Aminopeptidase: A zinc containing enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the removal of the N-terminal amino acid from most L-peptides, particularly those with N-terminal leucine residues but not those with N-terminal lysine or arginine residues. This occurs in tissue cell cytosol, with high activity in the duodenum, liver, and kidney. The activity of this enzyme is commonly assayed using a leucine arylamide chromogenic substrate such as leucyl beta-naphthylamide.Glutamyl Aminopeptidase: A ZINC-dependent membrane-bound aminopeptidase that catalyzes the N-terminal peptide cleavage of GLUTAMATE (and to a lesser extent ASPARTATE). The enzyme appears to play a role in the catabolic pathway of the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM.Antigens, CD13: Zinc-binding metalloproteases that are members of the type II integral membrane metalloproteases. They are expressed by GRANULOCYTES; MONOCYTES; and their precursors as well as by various non-hematopoietic cells. They release an N-terminal amino acid from a peptide, amide or arylamide.Cystinyl Aminopeptidase: A zinc-containing sialoglycoprotein that is used to study aminopeptidase activity in the pathogenesis of hypertension. EC 3.4.11.3.Trypsin: A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC 3.4.21.4.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Alphaproteobacteria: A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.Garlic: One of the Liliaceae used as a spice (SPICES) and traditional remedy. It contains alliin lyase and alliin, which is converted by alliin lyase to allicin, the pungent ingredient responsible for the aroma of fresh cut garlic.Quorum Sensing: A phenomenon where microorganisms communicate and coordinate their behavior by the accumulation of signaling molecules. A reaction occurs when a substance accumulates to a sufficient concentration. This is most commonly seen in bacteria.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Sulfur Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.OklahomaSulfur: An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Sulfinic Acids: Any of the monobasic inorganic or organic acids of sulfur with the general formula RSO(OH). (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Amino Acids, SulfurDisulfides: Chemical groups containing the covalent disulfide bonds -S-S-. The sulfur atoms can be bound to inorganic or organic moieties.Databases, Nucleic Acid: Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.Oligonucleotides: Polymers made up of a few (2-20) nucleotides. In molecular genetics, they refer to a short sequence synthesized to match a region where a mutation is known to occur, and then used as a probe (OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES). (Dorland, 28th ed)ArchivesGenome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Acidaminococcus: A genus of gram-negative bacteria in the family ACIDAMINOCOCCACEAE, isolated from the INTESTINES of PIGS and humans.Acidianus: A genus of facultatively anaerobic coccoid ARCHAEA, in the family SULFOLOBACEAE. Cells are highly irregular in shape and thermoacidophilic. Lithotrophic growth occurs aerobically via sulfur oxidation in some species. Distribution includes solfataric springs and fields, mudholes, and geothermically heated acidic marine environments.Acetobacter: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.Cellulomonas: A genus of aerobic or facultatively anaerobic BACTERIA, in the family Cellulomonadaceae. It is found in the SOIL and capable of hydrolyzing CELLULOSE.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Aerococcus: A genus of gram-positive cocci in the family AEROCOCCACEAE, occurring as airborne saprophytes.Mycoplasma fermentans: A species of the genus MYCOPLASMA, originally isolated infrequently from the lower genital tract of humans, and possessing uncertain pathogenicity. The incognitus strain of M. fermentans has been identified in necrotizing lesions of multiple organs from AIDS and non-AIDS patients dying of an acute influenza-like disease.Micromonosporaceae: A family of gram-positive, saprophytic bacteria occurring in soil and aquatic environments.Streptococcaceae: A family of gram-positive non-sporing bacteria including many parasitic, pathogenic, and saprophytic forms.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.

Antimicrobial susceptibility and epidemiology of a worldwide collection of Chryseobacterium spp: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997-2001). (1/79)

Limited data are available on Chryseobacterium spp. leading to an evaluation of the patient demographics and susceptibility patterns for Chryseobacterium spp. collected in the first 5 years of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997 to 2001). Fifty isolates (24 Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, 20 Chryseobacterium indologenes, two Chryseobacterium gleum, and 4 Chryseobacterium spp. isolates) were collected. The highest Chryseobacterium prevalence was detected among the elderly. The most active antimicrobials were the newer quinolones (garenoxacin, gatifloxacin, and levofloxacin, each with a MIC at which 90 percent of the isolates are inhibited [MIC(90)] of 1 micro g/ml and 98.0% susceptibility) followed by rifampin (MIC(90), 2 microg/ml and 85.7% susceptibility). Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, and piperacillin-tazobactam also showed reasonable activity; vancomycin showed poor potency.  (+info)

Clinical and microbiological analysis of bloodstream infections caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum in nonneonatal patients. (2/79)

Chryseobacterium meningosepticum bloodstream infections in 11 nonneonatal patients were reported. More than half of the infections were community acquired. PCR assays indicated that the organisms produced extended-spectrum beta-lactamases as well as metallo-beta-lactamases. Genotyping showed diverse fingerprints among the isolates. Six patients survived without appropriate antibiotic treatment. Host factors are the major determinant of the outcomes of C. meningosepticum infections.  (+info)

Comparative biochemical analysis of three bacterial prolyl endopeptidases: implications for coeliac sprue. (3/79)

Prolyl endopeptidases have potential for treating coeliac sprue, a disease of the intestine caused by proteolytically resistant peptides from proline-rich prolamins of wheat, barley and rye. We compared the properties of three similar bacterial prolyl endopeptidases, including the known enzymes from Flavobacterium meningosepticum (FM) and Sphingomonas capsulate (SC) and a novel enzyme from Myxococcus xanthus (MX). These enzymes were interrogated with reference chromogenic substrates, as well as two related gluten peptides (PQPQLPYPQPQLP and LQLQPFPQPQLPYPQPQLPYPQPQLPYPQPQPF), believed to play a key role in coeliac sprue pathogenesis. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to evaluate the activity, specificity and acid/protease stability of the enzymes. All peptidases were relatively resistant to acid, pancreatic proteases and membrane peptidases of the small intestinal mucosa. Although their activities against reference substrates were similar, the enzymes exhibited substantial differences with respect to chain length and subsite specificity. SC hydrolysed PQPQLPYPQPQLP well, but had negligible activity against LQLQPFPQPQLPYPQPQLPYPQPQLPYPQPQPF. In contrast, the FM and MX peptidases cleaved both substrates, although the FM enzyme acted more rapidly on LQLQPFPQPQLPYPQPQLPYPQPQLPYPQPQPF than MX. Whereas the FM enzyme showed a preference for Pro-Gln bonds, SC cleaved both Pro-Gln and Pro-Tyr bonds with comparable efficiency, and MX had a modest preference for Pro-(Tyr/Phe) sites over Pro-Gln sites. While a more comprehensive understanding of sequence and chain-length specificity may be needed to assess the relative utility of alternative prolyl endopeptidases for treating coeliac sprue, our present work has illustrated the diverse nature of this class of enzymes from the standpoint of proteolysing complex substrates such as gluten.  (+info)

An adult case of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum meningitis. (4/79)

Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is an uncommon pathogen causing adult bacterial meningitis. Herein, we report the case history of one 21-year-old woman with this uncommon central nervous system infection. A diagnosis of adult C. meningosepticum meningitis can only be confirmed by a positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture. The patient had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus as the underlying condition associated with this infection. The clinical presentations were fever, headache, consciousness disturbance, and seizure. CSF analysis revealed a purulent inflammatory reaction. After a 21-day course of intravenous cefepime (6 g/day) treatment, this patient was discharged in a state of complete recovery.  (+info)

Kaistella koreensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the Chryseobacterium-Bergeyella-Riemerella branch. (5/79)

Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, yellow-pigmented bacteria isolated from a freshwater stream in Korea were investigated to determine their taxonomic position. Complete 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the organisms should be placed in the Chryseobacterium-Bergeyella-Riemerella branch in the family Flavobacteriaceae. Phylogenetically, the strains were most closely related to Chryseobacterium balustinum ATCC 33487(T) and Chryseobacterium scophthalmum LMG 13028(T) (94.3 and 94.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively) and they clustered on a separate well-supported branch. The strains contained menaquinone MK-6 as the predominant respiratory quinone and showed higher G+C contents (41.7 mol%) than other species in the Chryseobacterium-Bergeyella-Riemerella branch and i-C(15 : 0) as a major fatty acid (47-52 %). The phylogenetic distances from any species with validly published names and their phenotypic properties confirmed that the strains constitute a separate species in a new genus, for which the name Kaistella koreensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain Chj707(T)=KCTC 12107(T)=IAM 15050(T)).  (+info)

Chryseobacterium daecheongense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater lake sediment. (6/79)

A novel nitrate-reducing bacterium, CPW406T, was isolated from the sediment of a shallow, freshwater lake. The strain was a Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming rod, which formed yellow-pigmented colonies on nutrient agar and contained a polyamine pattern with sym-homospermidine as the major compound, MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone, 15 : 0 iso and 17 : 0 iso 3-OH as the major fatty acids and phosphatidylethanolamine and several unknown lipids in the polar lipid profile. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain CPW406T was found to be most similar to that of the type strain of Chryseobacterium defluvii (DSM 14219T; 97.9 % similarity). However, DNA-DNA relatedness data and its phenotypic properties showed that strain CPW406T could be distinguished from all known Chryseobacterium species and thus represented a novel species, for which the name Chryseobacterium daecheongense sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is CPW406T (=DSM 15235T=KCTC 12088T).  (+info)

Chryseobacterium formosense sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Lactuca sativa L. (garden lettuce). (7/79)

A yellow-pigmented bacterial strain (CC-H3-2T), isolated from the rhizosphere of Lactuca sativa L. (garden lettuce) in Taiwan, was investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The cells were Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. Phylogenetic analyses using the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate indicated that the organism belongs to the genus Chryseobacterium, with the highest sequence similarity to the type strains of Chryseobacterium indoltheticum (97.7 %), Chryseobacterium scophthalmum (97.5 %), Chryseobacterium joostei (97.2 %) and Chryseobacterium defluvii (97.2 %). The major whole-cell fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0) (52.2 %) and iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed levels of only 27.4 % to C. scophthalmum, 27.1 % to C. indoltheticum, 14.1 % to C. joostei and 7.8 % to C. defluvii. DNA-DNA relatedness and biochemical and chemotaxonomic properties demonstrate that strain CC-H3-2T represents a novel species, for which the name Chryseobacterium formosense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-H3-2T (=CCUG 49271T=CIP 108367T).  (+info)

Chryseobacterium indologenes non-catheter-related bacteremia in a patient with a solid tumor. (8/79)

A case of non-catheter-related bacteremia caused by Chryseobacterium indologenes in a nonneutropenic man with a solid tumor is described. The patient was successfully treated with piperacillin-tazobactam.  (+info)

*Chryseobacterium

... is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Three novel cold-tolerant species of Chryseobacterium, C. oranimense C. ... Chryseobacterium greenlandensis Raw milk LSPN bacterio.net New bacteria discovered in raw milk Type strain of Chryseobacterium ...

*Chryseobacterium montanum

Parte, A.C. "Chryseobacterium". www.bacterio.net. "Chryseobacterium montanum". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity ... Chryseobacterium montanum is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterium from the genus of ... Guo, W; Li, J; Shi, M; Yuan, K; Li, N; Wang, G (October 2016). "Chryseobacterium montanum sp. nov. isolated from mountain soil ... George M. "Nomenclature Abstract for Chryseobacterium montanum Guo et al. 2016". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/nm. ...

*Chryseobacterium oranimense

... is a Gram-negative psychrotolerant, proteolytic, lipolytic, rod-shaped and non-motile bacteria from ... Type strain of Chryseobacterium oranimense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... Hantsis-Zacharov, E; Shakéd, T; Senderovich, Y; Halpern, M (November 2008). "Chryseobacterium oranimense sp. nov., a ... LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium oranimense UniProt Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen [1] ...

*Chryseobacterium xinjiangense

... is a bacterium from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from the alpine ... Zhao, Q; Bai, Y; Zhang, G; Zhu, S; Sheng, H; Sun, Y; An, L (June 2011). "Chryseobacterium xinjiangense sp. nov., isolated from ... ISBN 1-908230-26-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium xinjiangense ... UniProt Zhao, Q; Bai, Y; Zhang, G; Zhu, S; Sheng, H; Sun, Y; An, L (June 2011). "Chryseobacterium xinjiangense sp. nov., ...

*Chryseobacterium hungaricum

... is a bacterium from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from soil which was ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium hungaricum ... Szoboszlay, S; Atzél, B; Kukolya, J; Tóth, EM; Márialigeti, K; Schumann, P; Kriszt, B (December 2008). "Chryseobacterium ... Type strain of Chryseobacterium hungaricum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Chryseobacterium shandongense

... is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming and non-motile bacteria from the genus of ... Yang, F; Liu, HM; Zhang, R; Chen, DB; Wang, X; Li, SP; Hong, Q (June 2015). "Chryseobacterium shandongense sp. nov., isolated ... LPSN bacterio.net UniProt Yang, F; Liu, HM; Zhang, R; Chen, DB; Wang, X; Li, SP; Hong, Q (June 2015). "Chryseobacterium ... Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from soil. ...

*Chryseobacterium ginsengisoli

... is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic and non-motile bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium ... Nguyen, NL; Kim, YJ; Hoang, VA; Yang, DC (August 2013). "Chryseobacterium ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere ... LPSN bacterio.net UniProt Nguyen, NL; Kim, YJ; Hoang, VA; Yang, DC (August 2013). "Chryseobacterium ginsengisoli sp. nov., ... isolated from the rhizosphere of ginseng and emended description of Chryseobacterium gleum". International Journal of ...

*Chryseobacterium flavum

... is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has ... Zhou, Y; Dong, J; Wang, X; Huang, X; Zhang, KY; Zhang, YQ; Guo, YF; Lai, R; Li, WJ (August 2007). "Chryseobacterium flavum sp. ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium flavum Zhou, Y ... Dong, J; Wang, X; Huang, X; Zhang, KY; Zhang, YQ; Guo, YF; Lai, R; Li, WJ (August 2007). "Chryseobacterium flavum sp. nov., ...

*Chryseobacterium takakiae

... is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium ... Zhao, R; Chen, XY; Li, XD; Chen, ZL; Li, YH (January 2015). "Chryseobacterium takakiae sp. nov., a member of the phylum ... Type strain of Chryseobacterium takakiae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... "Chryseobacterium takakiae sp. nov., a member of the phylum Bacteroidetes isolated from Takakia lepidozioides". International ...

*Chryseobacterium gleum

... is a bacterium from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from a high vaginal swab from ... Chryseobacterium gleum can cause infections in humans. A.C. Parte. "Chryseobacterium". bacterio.net. Retrieved 2016-07-30. " ... Virok, DP; Ábrók, M; Szél, B; Tajti, Z; Mader, K; Urbán, E; Tálosi, G (December 2014). "Chryseobacterium gleum - a novel ... ISBN 1-316-29877-9. Garg, S; Appannanavar, SB; Mohan, B; Taneja, N (2014). "Pyonephrosis due to Chryseobacterium gleum: a first ...

*Chryseobacterium soli

ISBN 0-387-25497-8. LPSN Chryseobacterium soli at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Chryseobacterium soli at BacDive - ... "Chryseobacterium soli sp. nov. and Chryseobacterium jejuense sp. nov., isolated from soil samples from Jeju, Korea". ... Chryseobacterium soli is a bacterium. It is aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile, yellow-pigmented and straight rod-shaped. Its ... Virulence Factors and Other Clinically Relevant Characteristics of Chryseobacterium Species. Diss. University of the Freee ...

*Chryseobacterium piscium

... is a bacterium from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from a fish from the South ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium piscium UniProt ... "Chryseobacterium piscium sp. nov., isolated from fish of the South Atlantic Ocean off South Africa". International Journal of ... "Chryseobacterium piscium sp. nov., isolated from fish of the South Atlantic Ocean off South Africa". International Journal of ...

*Chryseobacterium ginsenosidimutans

... is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and non-motile bacteria ... LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium ginsenosidimutans Im, WT; Yang, JE; Kim, SY; Yi, TH (June 2011). " ... "Chryseobacterium ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., a bacterium with ginsenoside-converting activity isolated from soil of a Rhus ... from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from a field with Toxicodendron vernicifluum trees in Okcheon County ...

*Chryseobacterium humi

LPSN Chryseobacterium humi at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Chryseobacterium humi at BacDive - the Bacterial ... "Chryseobacterium palustre sp. nov. and Chryseobacterium humi sp. nov., isolated from industrially contaminated sediments". ... Chryseobacterium humi is a bacterium. It is rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive and forms yellow ... Virulence Factors and Other Clinically Relevant Characteristics of Chryseobacterium Species. Diss. University of the Freee ...

*Chryseobacterium daecheongense

... is a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming and non-motile bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium ... Kim, KK; Bae, HS; Schumann, P; Lee, ST (January 2005). "Chryseobacterium daecheongense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater lake ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium daecheongense ... Type strain of Chryseobacterium daecheongense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Chryseobacterium shigense

... is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile bacteria from the genus of ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium shigense ... Type strain of Chryseobacterium shigense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... Shimomura, K; Kaji, S; Hiraishi, A (September 2005). "Chryseobacterium shigense sp. nov., a yellow-pigmented, aerobic bacterium ...

*Chryseobacterium taiwanense

... is a bacterium. It is Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, yellow-pigmented and its type ... Virulence Factors and Other Clinically Relevant Characteristics of Chryseobacterium Species. Diss. University of the Freee ... LPSN Chryseobacterium taiwanense at the Encyclopedia of Life. ... "Chryseobacterium taiwanense sp. nov., isolated from soil in ...

*Chryseobacterium vrystaatense

... is a Gram-negative bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from a raw ... de Beer, H; Hugo, CJ; Jooste, PJ; Willems, A; Vancanneyt, M; Coenye, T; Vandamme, PA (September 2005). "Chryseobacterium ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium vrystaatense ... Type strain of Chryseobacterium vrystaatense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Chryseobacterium formosense

ISBN 0-387-25497-8. LPSN Chryseobacterium formosense at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Chryseobacterium formosense at ... Chryseobacterium formosense is a bacterium. It is gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore forming and yellow-pigmented. Its type ... Young CC, Kämpfer P, Shen FT, Lai WA, Arun AB (January 2005). "Chryseobacterium formosense sp. nov., isolated from the ... Virulence Factors and Other Clinically Relevant Characteristics of Chryseobacterium Species. Diss. University of the Freee ...

*Chryseobacterium defluvii

LPSN Chryseobacterium defluvii at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Chryseobacterium defluvii at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Chryseobacterium defluvii is a bacterium. It is Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming and yellow-pigmented, having been ... Its type strain is B2T (=DSM 14219T =CIP 107207T). Kampfer, P. (2003). "Chryseobacterium defluvii sp. nov., isolated from ...

*Chryseobacterium frigidum

... is a Gram-negative, aerobic and non-motile bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been ... nov., isolated from high-Arctic tundra soil, and emended descriptions of Chryseobacterium bernardetii and Chryseobacterium ... LPSN bacterio.net "Chryseobacterium frigidum". www.uniprot.org. "Catalogue: DSM-100383". www.dsmz.de (in German). Da, Xuyang; ...

*Chryseobacterium contaminans

... is a Gram-negative and rod-shaped bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been ... "Chryseobacterium gallinarum sp. nov., isolated from a chicken, and Chryseobacterium contaminans sp. nov., isolated as a ... Kämpfer, P; Poppel, MT; Wilharm, G; Busse, HJ; McInroy, JA; Glaeser, SP (April 2014). "Chryseobacterium gallinarum sp. nov., ... LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium contaminans UniProt Kämpfer, P; Poppel, MT; Wilharm, G; Busse, HJ; McInroy, JA ...

*Chryseobacterium piscicola

... is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-motil bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has ... Ilardi, P; Fernández, J; Avendaño-Herrera, R (December 2009). "Chryseobacterium piscicola sp. nov., isolated from diseased ... ISBN 94-007-4884-1. LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium piscicola Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und ... ISBN 1-84593-805-4. Type strain of Chryseobacterium piscicola at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Chryseobacterium hominis

... is a Gram-negative bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from blood from ... Vaneechoutte, M; Kämpfer, P; De Baere, T; Avesani, V; Janssens, M; Wauters, G (November 2007). "Chryseobacterium hominis sp. ... ISBN 0-387-68572-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium hominis UniProt ... ISBN 1-4988-0429-2. Type strain of Chryseobacterium hominis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...

*Chryseobacterium chaponense

... is a Gram-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has ... Kämpfer, P; Fallschissel, K; Avendaño-Herrera, R (March 2011). "Chryseobacterium chaponense sp. nov., isolated from farmed ... Kämpfer, P; Fallschissel, K; Avendaño-Herrera, R (March 2011). "Chryseobacterium chaponense sp. nov., isolated from farmed ... ISBN 1-84593-805-4. LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Chryseobacterium chaponense Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und ...
A bacterial strain (CC-TWGS1-8T) isolated from a tar-contaminated soil in Taiwan was studied in a detailed taxonomic study. The cells were Gram-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. Phylogenetic analyses using the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the strain clearly revealed an affiliation to the genus Chryseobacterium, the highest sequence similarities being to the type strain of Chryseobacterium indologenes (96·8 %), to Chryseobacterium gleum (96·8 %) and to Chryseobacterium joostei (96·4 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other Chryseobacterium species were below 96 %. The major whole-cell fatty acids were 15 : 0 iso (35·4 %) and 17 : 0 iso 3OH (22·5 %). DNA-DNA hybridization values and the biochemical and chemotaxonomic properties demonstrate that strain CC-TWGS1-8T represents a novel species, for which the name Chryseobacterium taichungense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-TWGS1-8T (=CCUG 50001T=CIP 108519T).
Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is a Gram-negative rod with a worldwide distribution. A case of C. meningosepticum cellulitis with severe sepsis and hepatitis in a 36-year-old male patient is described.
Introduction: Generally considered to be part of the environmental flora, Chryseobacterium spp. have been reported to cause infection in humans, albeit rarely. The clinical significance of these organisms remains to be fully established, despite being isolated from patients, especially neonates, and immunocompromised subjects. Case presentation: We present a study of 10 isolates of Chryseobacterium spp. cultured from blood and endotracheal secretions of neonates in two hospitals, Farwaniya Hospital (FH) and Maternity Hospital (MH), Kuwait, identified using the Phoenix or Vitek 2 system from April to November 2012. The clinical features of the patients were assessed, and antimicrobial susceptibilities of the isolates were performed by disk diffusion test and Etest. Molecular identification of bacteria was done by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and fingerprinting by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Patients suffered from sepsis, pneumonia or other clinical conditions. Two strains of Chryseobacterium
BioMed Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in life sciences and medicine. The journal is divided into 55 subject areas.
Quorum-quenching catalysts are of interest for potential application as biochemical tools for interrogating interbacterial communication pathways, as antibiofouling agents, and as anti-infective agents in plants and animals. Herein, the structure and function of AidC, an N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone (AHL) lactonase from Chryseobacterium, is characterized. Steady-state kinetics show that zinc-supplemented AidC is the most efficient wild-type quorum-quenching enzymes characterized to date, with a k cat/K M value of approximately 2 × 10 6 M -1 s -1 for N-heptanoyl-l-homoserine lactone. The enzyme has stricter substrate selectivity and significantly lower KM values (ca. 50 μM for preferred substrates) compared to those of typical AHL lactonases (ca. ,1 mM). X-ray crystal structures of AidC alone and with the product N-hexanoyl-l-homoserine were determined at resolutions of 1.09 and 1.67 Å, respectively. Each structure displays as a dimer, and dimeric oligiomerization was also observed in solution ...
A new cellulolytic strain of Chryseobacterium genus was screened from the dung of a cattle fed with cereal straw. A putative cellulase gene (cbGH5) belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 5 subfamily 46 (GH5_46) was identified and cloned by degenerate PCR plus genome walking. The CbGH5 protein was overexpressed in Pichia pastoris, purified and characterized. It is the first bifunctional cellulase-xylanase reported in GH5_46 as well as in Chryseobacterium genus. The enzyme showed an endoglucanase activity on carboxymethylcellulose of 3237 μmol min-1 mg-1 at pH 9, 90 °C and a xylanase activity on birchwood xylan of 1793 μmol min-1 mg-1 at pH 8, 90 °C ...
Cleaves the GlcNAc-Asn bond which joins oligosaccharides to the peptide of asparagine-linked glycoproteins. Requires that the glycosylated asparagine moiety is not substituted on its N-(R1) and C- (R2) terminus.
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; FCB group; Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi group; Bacteroidetes; Flavobacteriia; Flavobacteriales; Flavobacteriaceae; Chryseobacterium; unclassified ...
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica is an infrequent colonizer of the respiratory tract; its pathogenicity is uncertain. In the context of a 22-month outbreak of E. meningoseptica acquisition affecting 30 patients in a London, UK, critical care unit (3% attack rate) we derived a measure of attributable morbidity and determined whether E. meningoseptica is an emerging nosocomial pathogen. We found monomicrobial E. meningoseptica acquisition (n = 13) to have an attributable morbidity rate of 54% (systemic inflammatory response syndrome >2, rising C-reactive protein, new radiographic changes), suggesting that E. meningoseptica is a pathogen. Epidemiologic and molecular evidence showed acquisition was water-source-associated in critical care but identified numerous other E. meningoseptica strains, indicating more widespread distribution than previously considered. Analysis of changes in gram-negative speciation rates across a wider London hospital network suggests this outbreak, and possibly other ...
Infection by multidrug-resistant elizabethkingia meningoseptica: case reports . Giwellington Silva Albuquerque ; Lílian Rodrigues Alves ; Kaliny Benicio Torres ; Luciana Rezende Bandeira de Mello ; . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
How to Avoid Elizabethkingia Infection. A bacteria called Elizabethkingia anophelis can cause a serious infection in humans. Although an infection by this bacteria is rare, the symptoms typically affect older adults and can be very...
AIDC is Australias factual film and TV industry organisation. We provide service and support and industry advocacy. Since 1987 AIDC has grown from a biennial conference with a few guests into a significant yearly event on the international calendar
Say you go to the hospital because your appendix has ruptured. This is a routine surgery that shouldnt take much time or effort. But being in the hospital puts you at risk for infection, especially when you are in the process of recovering from a routine, but intensive, procedure. If the infection is rare, it will take your doctor a longer time to identify the culprit. If the infection is resistant to common treatments, you will have to endure more extensive treatment programs. If you are recovering from a surgical procedure, or have other open and exposed wounds, youre immune system may be otherwise preoccupied. So, a short hospital stay that should have been routine, might end up being more extensive, or putting you at a higher risk for death. ...
So we stayed up all night as high school students do, and then I was the designated driver to Mosport, Ontario, a few hours away.. On the way we stopped at a truck stop off the 401 near Bowmanville, Ontario, and my friends, who were quite stoned, couldnt stop laughing about the moo-moo cow creamer on every table.. It was pasteurized.. The stuff from Willunga Hills Moo View Dairy is not, and the dairy will be prohibited from selling and distributing raw cows milk after it was linked to at least five cases of gastroenteritis.. Brad Crouch, medical reporter at The Advertiser, writes, SA Health has taken the action under the Food Act 2001 and the South Australian Public Health Act 2011, after the sicknesses were linked to drinking unpasteurised (raw) cows milk.. SA Health Director of Public Health Associate Professor Kevin Buckett said the sale of raw cows milk for human consumption is illegal in Australia due to its high risk of contamination.. "Weve confirmed at least five cases where people ...
Eighteen people who had Elizabethkingia have died. DHS officials dont know if their deaths were caused by the infection, other health issues, or a combination of both.
Notification on acceptance of the travel claims will be send asap. All expense claims have to be handled directly with AgentLink II after the workshop took place. ...
Posted 03/18/2011]. ISSUE: H&P industries, Inc., a manufacturer of over-the-counter products, initiated a voluntary product recall of ALL LOTS of Povidone Prep Pads manufactured by H&P Industries, Inc. but which are private labeled for many accounts. Analytical testing showed the presence of Elizabethkingia meningoseptica. Use of contaminated Povidone Prep Pads could lead to life-threatening infections, especially in at risk populations, including neonates, immune suppressed patients, and surgical patients. Treatment options are limited for Elizabethkingia meningoseptica infections.. BACKGROUND: Povidone Iodine Prep Pads are used to prevent infection in minor cuts, scrapes and burns and are labeled as an antiseptic for preparation of the skin prior to surgery. They were distributed nationwide to healthcare customers and are packaged in individual packets and sold in a box of 100 packets.. RECOMMENDATION: Healthcare organizations should contact H&P Industries Customer Service to arrange a return. ...
Abstract: Bacterial strains isolated from the gut of the local termite Coptotermes curvignathus were inoculated into a buffered medium containing minerals and Whatman filter paper as the sole carbon source to observe the ability of the bacteria to digest solid substrate. The bacteria were Bacillus cereus strain Razmin A, Enterobacter aerogenes strain Razmin B, Enterobacter cloacae strain Razmin C, Acinetobacter strain Raminalimon and Chryseobacterium kwangyangense strain Cb. The Gen Bank NCBI/EMBL accession numbers for the bacterial strains were EU294508, EU305608, EU305609, EU332791 and EU169201, respectively. The ability of bacterial cultures to grow in this medium as well as to digest the filter paper was determined by visual observation after 30 days. All bacterial cultures showed growth as the medium turned cloudy and the filter paper became macerated. Chryseobacterium kwangyangense strain Cb showed yellow pigmented colonies on the filter paper. Bacillus cereus strain Razmin A showed clumps ...
A patient with cystic fibrosis became chronically colonised with an unusual non-fermenting Gram-negative rod that could be cultured on Burkholderia cepacia selective agar. Phenotypic characterisation by VITEK-2 suggested identification as Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, however 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed it belonged to a putative novel species of genus Dyella. Thirty months after the initial detection, the patient produced a high level of precipitating antibodies against the bacterium ...
Amoebae feed on bacteria, and few bacteria can resist their microbicidal ability. Amoebal coculture could therefore be used to selectively grow these amoebae-resisting bacteria (ARB), which may be human pathogens. To isolate new ARB, we performed amoebal coculture from 444 nasal samples. We recovered 7 (1.6%) ARB from 444 nasal swabs, including 4 new species provisionally named Candidatus Roseomonas massiliae, C. Rhizobium massiliae, C. Chryseobacterium massiliae, and C. Amoebinatus massiliae. The remaining isolates were closely related to Methylobacterium extorquens, Bosea vestrii, and Achromobacter xylosoxidans. Thus, amoebal coculture allows the recovery of new bacterial species from heavily contaminated samples and might be a valuable approach for the recovery of as-yet unrecognized emerging pathogens from clinical specimens.
4. Callisia Loefling, Iter Hispanicum. 305. 1758. [Greek kallos, beauty, referring to the attractive leaves] Cuthbertia Small; Leiandra Rafinesque; Phyodina Rafinesque; Tradescantella Small. Herbs, perennial or rarely annual. Roots thin, rarely tuberous. Leaves spirally arranged or 2-ranked; blade sessile. Inflorescences terminal and/or axillary, cyme pairs (often aggregated into larger spikelike or paniclelike units), cymes sessile, umbel-like, contracted, subtended by bracts; bracts inconspicuous, less than 1 cm; spathaceous bracts absent; bracteoles persistent. Flowers bisexual (bisexual and pistillate in C. repens), radially symmetric; pedicels very short or well developed; sepals distinct, subequal; petals distinct, white or pink to rose [rarely blue], equal, not clawed; stamens 6 or 0--3, all fertile, equal; filaments glabrous or bearded; ovary 2--3-locular, ovules [1--]2 per locule, 1-seriate. Capsules 2--3-valved, 2--3-locular. Seeds [1-]2 per locule; hilum punctiform; embryotega ...
Buy American point reyes original blue cheese - Original blue is a beautiful, aged, blue farmstead cheese made from raw cows milk. the paste is chalky white and the blue-grey...
I cook a big batch of oatmeal and we eat it for several days. The water goes in first (10 cups), liberal dose of cinnamon, a bit of non-processed salt, raisins, minced prunes, chopped dried apricots (the best part!) and a few chopped dates (if I have them). Stir until cinnamon is incorporated. Bring to boil, add 5 cups old fashioned oats (havent tried steel cut). Cook for 5 min., stirring once in a while. Remove from heat, cover and let set for 5 minutes. Its the directions on the box as Im sure you know. When its hot, we do add real butter on top and some of our cream off the top of our raw cow milk. When its cold, I warm it up with some milk but my husband prefers it cold. With the dried fruit, it sweetens the oats enough for us that we dont need to add brown sugar or syrup. This batch lasts us for about a week so Im not having to cook every morning. ...
I cook a big batch of oatmeal and we eat it for several days. The water goes in first (10 cups), liberal dose of cinnamon, a bit of non-processed salt, raisins, minced prunes, chopped dried apricots (the best part!) and a few chopped dates (if I have them). Stir until cinnamon is incorporated. Bring to boil, add 5 cups old fashioned oats (havent tried steel cut). Cook for 5 min., stirring once in a while. Remove from heat, cover and let set for 5 minutes. Its the directions on the box as Im sure you know. When its hot, we do add real butter on top and some of our cream off the top of our raw cow milk. When its cold, I warm it up with some milk but my husband prefers it cold. With the dried fruit, it sweetens the oats enough for us that we dont need to add brown sugar or syrup. This batch lasts us for about a week so Im not having to cook every morning. ...
RAS Distribution HOKI 310 PURPLE BLACK [IND-104-100-11] - HOKI 310 PURPLE BLACKPRODID: IND-104-100-11UPC: 881247203252About this Product- Comfortable to use. The Hoki Cleaners premium medical enema bulb kit is ultra soft yet firm and flexible, to ensure a comfortable experience.- Premium materials. The nozzle and the bulb are made of soft PVC. This douche is designed for vaginal or
A few blocks from my botched drug deal, I came to the Mercado de San Pedro, a huge open-air market with what seemed like hundreds of vendors selling everything from alpaca fur, to boiled goat heads, to wooden chess sets. The first thing I noticed was the color. Rows of bananas and citrus glistened with vibrant yellows and oranges. The flavors were familiar, yet somehow clearer, more direct. I walked past baskets of potatoes and beans in ambers, browns, and purples. Fresh white cheese, pressed into discs, smelled deliciously soured. Made from raw cows milk, it crumbled like soft feta without the the brine. Near the center of the market, the scent of smoke and meat wafted from a makeshift grill. A stout, brown woman flipped skewers and tended coals. I bought a few pieces and she handed them to me on parchment paper. "Alpaca," she said with a smile, deducing that it was a first for me. The meat was soft and rosy, like good veal, with that barnyard gaminess that only alternative animals provide. A ...
Abstract: Experiments involving sweet pepper of Red Knight F1 cultivar were carried out in 2008-2010 in a greenhouse. They aimed at evaluating the influence of foliar feeding using diverse preparations and rates of calcium on yielding, dry matter, sugars, and vitamin C contents in sweet pepper fruits. Following forms of calcium were used in the experiment: Ca(NO3)2, Librel Ca, and Wapnowit. Calcium was applied in the amounts of 0.4 g Ca ∙ plant-1 (10 treatments) and 0.2 g Ca ∙ plant-1 (5 treatments). No significant influence of applied calcium feeding on the pepper fruit yield size was recorded, while it significantly reduced the number of fruits infected by apical blossom-end rot (BER) at calcium-fed of Librel Ca plants as compared to the control. No significant effect of studied factors on dry matter content was found, although its lower level in pepper fruits harvested at the initial stage of fruiting was prominent. The influence of calcium feeding on monosaccharides and total sugars ...
Crayeux de Roncq, also spelt as Carré du Vinage, is a washed rind cheese prepared from raw cows milk in the Roncq region of Northern France, about 30 kms from Lille. Introduced by Marie-Thérèse Couvreur, the soft pate cheese is ripened for at least two months during which the rind is regularly washed with beer and salted water. Finally, it is molded by hand into cubes of 4.5 cm high and 300 gms weight. The cheese is similar to that of Maroilles.Underneath the thick orange crust of this French cheese, is a grainy, soft, creamy and chalky pate. Incredibly flavourful, it surrounds the palate with strong flavours and a sweet aftertaste but not bitter. The cheese contains about 45% fat of its total weight.
The presence of residues of antibiotics, metabolites, and thermal transformation products (TPs), produced during thermal treatment to eliminate pathogenic microorganisms in milk, could represent a risk for people. Cow"s milk samples spiked with enrofloxacin (ENR), ciprofloxacin (CIP), difloxacin (DIF), and sarafloxacin (SAR) and milk samples from cows medicated with ENR were submitted to several thermal treatments. The milk samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) to find and identify TPs and metabolites. In this work, 27 TPs of 4 quinolones and 24 metabolites of ENR were found. Some of these compounds had been reported previously, but others were characterized for the first time, including lactose-conjugated CIP, the formamidation reaction for CIP and SAR, and hydroxylation or ketone formation to produce three different isomers for all quinolones studied ...
Results of comparison testing of raw milk component examined by instrument A comparison testing was held in July 2013 by Hsin Chu Branch in order to understand the analytical competence of the joined laboratories for raw cow milk component. A total of 17 laboratories participated in the test, including Hsin Chu Branch and 16 laboratories from local dairy plant. The analytical results were analyzed using Robust-Z statistics into three grading categories as follows: ,Z, score ≤ 2 as satisfactory, 2 , , Z , , 3 as acceptable and , Z , ≥ 3 as unsatisfactory. According milk fat test, 12, 3 and 2 laboratories were graded as satisfactory, acceptable, and unsatisfactory, respectively. Unsatisfactory percentage was 11.8%. And according milk protein test, 14 and 3 laboratories were graded as satisfactory and acceptable, respectively. And according lactose test, 11, 3 and 1 laboratories were graded as satisfactory, acceptable, and unsatisfactory, respectively. Unsatisfactory percentage was 6.7%. ...
Two stable cell lines expressing the hBMP2 gene, CHO-BMP2 and HEK-BMP2, were cultured in the presence of IND-1 in short-term (24 h, multi-well) and long-term (two-month, perfusion flasks) cultures. The rhBMP-2 produced was characterized by Western blot and its activity assessed using the C2C12 cell-based assay. The amount of proBMP-2 and mature BMP-2 produced was quantified by ELISA. The mRNA level of BMP-2 and furin in cells treated with or without IND-1 was compared by real-time RT-PCR. Cellular uptake of IND-1 was estimated by measuring the fluorescence of cell lysates following incubation with FITC labeled IND-1. Cellular PC activity post IND-1 incubation was measured using the Boc-RVRR-AMC substrate. Furin-specific siRNA was used to knock down the furin expression in CHO-BMP2 cells and its effect on the rhBMP-2 production was determined. ...
Myosoton aquaticum, Water-chickweed, Giant Chickweed, Water Mouse-ear. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3729 plants and 22,993 images. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented.
Denounced. the illegality of Community. of field studies for VAT. TheCommission to examine the compatibility of Community law and practice, the Italian tax. dellAIDC complained to the EU Commission of illegality of the Community. tax assessments based on field studies. The membership of sector studies to. «standardized testsUnderlines the contrast with the principle of subjectivity of. taxable income for the purposes VAT, which can not be that the actual. Neither can be considered. the statistical results can be translated into personal and actual results following the. contradictory between Treasury and taxpayer, characterized by a physiological» imbalance. between official, a strong rebuttable presumption, and taxpayer, who bears the burden. of, often difficult, True Crime.. Tues Joseph Miller Wood. Joseph Holzmiller - President of the Commission for consideration. compatible with Community law and practice of the Italian tax (AIDC). 1778 Courier Tax 22/2011. IVA. standardized is quick ...
Low Yat 2 (1) Mafasid asy-Syariah (1) #JanganJualNegara (7) #SayNoToTPPA (7) 13 Mei 1969 (3) 1MDB (1) A Karim Omar (1) A355 (2) Abd Malik Kassim (1) Abd Rahman Dahlan (1) Abd Rahman Mat Dali (3) Abdul Hadi Awang (3) Abdul Rahman Mt Dali (1) Abdullahi an Naim (2) Abu Ameenah Phillips (1) Abu Bakar as Siddiq (1) ACCIN (2) Adolf Hitler (1) ADUN (2) Aesya Chaudary (1) Afghanistan (1) Agama Islam (1) Agama Negara (2) Ah Jib Gor (4) AH48 (3) Ahli Parlimen (2) Ahli Sunnah Wal Jamaah. (1) Ahmad Maslan (1) Ahmad Syafii Maarif (1) Ahmed Deedat (1) Ahok (1) AIDC (3) Aidil Khalid (3) AIDS (1) AIPAC (1) Air Asia (1) Aishah Tajuddin (1) Akmal Nasir (2) Akta 355 (7) Akta Derhaka (2) Akta Hasutan (7) Akta Hasutan 1948 (45) Akta Jalan (3) Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (2) Akta Mesin Cetak dan Penerbitan 1984 (1) Akta Perihal Dagangan 2011 (2) Akta Profesion Guaman (Praktik dan Etika) Peraturan 1978 (1) Al Kitab (1) Al Mutassim (1) Al-Quran (9) Alam Melayu (1) Ali Karim (1) Alkohol (2) Allah (4) Allah SWT (8) ...
Low Yat 2 (1) Mafasid asy-Syariah (1) #JanganJualNegara (7) #SayNoToTPPA (7) 13 Mei 1969 (3) 1MDB (1) A Karim Omar (1) A355 (2) Abd Malik Kassim (1) Abd Rahman Dahlan (1) Abd Rahman Mat Dali (3) Abdul Hadi Awang (3) Abdul Rahman Mt Dali (1) Abdullahi an Naim (2) Abu Ameenah Phillips (1) Abu Bakar as Siddiq (1) ACCIN (2) Adolf Hitler (1) ADUN (2) Aesya Chaudary (1) Afghanistan (1) Agama Islam (1) Agama Negara (2) Ah Jib Gor (4) AH48 (3) Ahli Parlimen (2) Ahli Sunnah Wal Jamaah. (1) Ahmad Maslan (1) Ahmad Syafii Maarif (1) Ahmed Deedat (1) Ahok (1) AIDC (3) Aidil Khalid (3) AIDS (1) AIPAC (1) Air Asia (1) Aishah Tajuddin (1) Akmal Nasir (2) Akta 355 (7) Akta Derhaka (2) Akta Hasutan (7) Akta Hasutan 1948 (45) Akta Jalan (3) Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (2) Akta Mesin Cetak dan Penerbitan 1984 (1) Akta Perihal Dagangan 2011 (2) Akta Profesion Guaman (Praktik dan Etika) Peraturan 1978 (1) Al Kitab (1) Al Mutassim (1) Al-Quran (9) Alam Melayu (1) Ali Karim (1) Alkohol (2) Allah (4) Allah SWT (8) ...
Iniparib is an irreversible, noncompetitive inhibitor of PARP1 that disrupts binding between PARP1 and DNA by interacting with the DNA binding domain. Buy PARP inhibitor Iniparib (BSI-201, NSC-746045, IND-71677) from AbMole BioScience.
Nutrient agar medium for general bacteriological work. Supplied as 100cm3 lots in screw-cap bottles. This bulk pack is cost-effective, but the mediumtakes longer to melt so there is some risk of caramelisation, or contamination if not all used immediately. Pack size 2.
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a promising family of food-grade organisms for heterologous protein production due to its Generally Regarded as Safe (GRAS) status. Representative genera of LAB include Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Lactococcus, Aerococcus, Leuconostoc, Oenococcus and Pediococcus [1]. Traditionally, LAB were utilized in food as starter cultures for fermentation and as probiotics [2]. Studies of LAB and host interactions have also associated LAB directly with cellular activities of the gut, such as pathogen control, immunostimulation and maintaining a healthy microflora [3, 4]. Combined with their traditional roles in food fermentation, beneficial gut properties, and resistance to harsh gut conditions, additional advantages such as LABs ability to secrete recombinant proteins while possessing fewer proteases, compared to traditional workhorses, such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, have made them attractive targets for recombinant cell factories and live vectors for ...
Instructions to Copy. For PC, position your mouse cursor on the featured image, click the right mouse button, and choose Save Picture As... or Save this Image as... whichever is the case. For Mac, click the only mouse button and follow the same steps. Users may want to set up a specific directory and file naming scheme for storing images; otherwise, they will be saved using your system defaults. Images may be used in any software application that supports JPEG file format or viewed in an Internet browser as local files.. ...

Microbiology Society Journals | Chryseobacterium taichungense sp. nov., isolated from contaminated soilMicrobiology Society Journals | Chryseobacterium taichungense sp. nov., isolated from contaminated soil

... to Chryseobacterium gleum (96·8 %) and to Chryseobacterium joostei (96·4 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all ... for which the name Chryseobacterium taichungense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-TWGS1-8T (=CCUG 50001T=CIP 108519T ... the highest sequence similarities being to the type strain of Chryseobacterium indologenes (96·8 %), ... other Chryseobacterium species were below 96 %. The major whole-cell fatty acids were 15 : 0 iso (35·4 %) and 17 : 0 iso 3OH ( ...
more infohttp://ijs.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.63514-0

Chryseobacterium - WikipediaChryseobacterium - Wikipedia

Chryseobacterium is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Three novel cold-tolerant species of Chryseobacterium, C. oranimense C. ... Chryseobacterium greenlandensis Raw milk LSPN bacterio.net New bacteria discovered in raw milk Type strain of Chryseobacterium ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chryseobacterium

Simultaneous Heterotrophic Nitrification and Aerobic Denitrification by Chryseobacterium sp. R31 Isolated from Abattoir...Simultaneous Heterotrophic Nitrification and Aerobic Denitrification by Chryseobacterium sp. R31 Isolated from Abattoir...

Supplementary Material 3 shows the results of the identity analysis of strain Chryseobacterium sp. R31 based on 16S rRNA gene ... Simultaneous Heterotrophic Nitrification and Aerobic Denitrification by Chryseobacterium sp. R31 Isolated from Abattoir ... Supplementary Material 2 represents the morphological and physiological characteristics of Chryseobacterium sp. R31. ... sequence performed on the EzTaxon server (last accessed on 20/02/2014). 1373 bp 16S rRNA gene of Chryseobacterium sp. R31 has ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/436056/sup/

Molecular characterization of a carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase from Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) indologenes.  -...Molecular characterization of a carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase from Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) indologenes. -...

Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) indologenes 001 clinical strain was resistant to several beta-lactam classes including ... Molecular characterization of a carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase from Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) indologenes.. ... thus showing heterogeneity of carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamases in Chryseobacterium spp. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10077836?dopt=Abstract

Chryseobacterium montanum - WikipediaChryseobacterium montanum - Wikipedia

Parte, A.C. "Chryseobacterium". www.bacterio.net. "Chryseobacterium montanum". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity ... Chryseobacterium montanum is a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterium from the genus of ... Guo, W; Li, J; Shi, M; Yuan, K; Li, N; Wang, G (October 2016). "Chryseobacterium montanum sp. nov. isolated from mountain soil ... George M. "Nomenclature Abstract for Chryseobacterium montanum Guo et al. 2016". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/nm. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chryseobacterium_montanum

Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Due to  Chryseobacterium indologenesVentilator-associated Pneumonia in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Due to Chryseobacterium indologenes

The authors report the case of a neonatal patient with ventilator-associated pneumonia secondary to Chryseobacterium ... Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Due to Chryseobacterium indologenes. ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?PMID=28806281

Fatal case of community-acquired bacteremia and necrotizing fasciitis caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum: case report...Fatal case of community-acquired bacteremia and necrotizing fasciitis caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum: case report...

Fatal case of community-acquired bacteremia and necrotizing fasciitis caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum: case report ... A diabetic patient with chronic heart failure developed necrotizing fasciitis and bacteremia caused by Chryseobacterium ... Fatal Case of Community-Acquired Bacteremia and Necrotizing Fasciitis Caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum: Case Report ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16517926

Detection of the florfenicol resistance gene floR in Chryseobacterium isolates from rainbow trout. Exception to the general...Detection of the florfenicol resistance gene floR in Chryseobacterium isolates from rainbow trout. Exception to the general...

Detection of the florfenicol resistance gene floR in Chryseobacterium isolates from rainbow trout. Exception to the general ... With the exception of two Chryseobacterium spp. isolates that were positive for the florfenicol resistance gene floR, no ... Flavobacteriaceae; Chryseobacterium; fish pathogen; antimicrobial resistance; virulence; horizontal gene transfer. Journal. ... Detection of the florfenicol resistance gene floR in Chryseobacterium isolates from rainbow trout. Exception to the general ...
more infohttps://www.stir.ac.uk/research/hub/publication/527320

Carbapenemases of Chryseobacterium(Flavobacterium) meningosepticum: Distribution ofblaB and Characterization of a Novel Metallo...Carbapenemases of Chryseobacterium(Flavobacterium) meningosepticum: Distribution ofblaB and Characterization of a Novel Metallo...

Carbapenemases of Chryseobacterium(Flavobacterium) meningosepticum: Distribution ofblaB and Characterization of a Novel Metallo ... Carbapenemases of Chryseobacterium(Flavobacterium) meningosepticum: Distribution ofblaB and Characterization of a Novel Metallo ... Carbapenemases of Chryseobacterium(Flavobacterium) meningosepticum: Distribution ofblaB and Characterization of a Novel Metallo ... Irrespective of their distributions, it is clear that bothblaB and blaB3 were present inChryseobacterium strains collected in ...
more infohttps://aac.asm.org/content/44/6/1448?ijkey=24ada47752e825193feca39fc82b369539b58574&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

JAIRO | 2P-041 Chryseobacterium sp. 5-3B 株由来N-アセチルトランスフェラーゼの部位特異的アミノ酸置換と機能解析(JAIRO | 2P-041 Chryseobacterium sp. 5-3B 株由来N-アセチルトランスフェラーゼの部位特異的アミノ酸置換と機能解析(

2P-041 Chryseobacterium sp. 5-3B 株由来N-アセチルトランスフェラーゼの部位特異的アミノ酸置換と機能解析(酵素学,酵素工学,一般講演)2P-041 Chryseobacterium sp. 5-3B 株由来N- ... 2P-041 Characterization of internal substrate and acetyl-CoA binding
more infohttp://jairo.nii.ac.jp/0510/00410064/en

Clinical and microbiological characteristics of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from neonates in Kuwait | Microbiology SocietyClinical and microbiological characteristics of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from neonates in Kuwait | Microbiology Society

Five patterns of Chryseobacterium spp. were identified by RAPD. Conclusion: It appears that Chryseobacterium spp. are emerging ... Two strains of Chryseobacterium indologenes and eight strains of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum (now Elizabethkingia ... Case presentation: We present a study of 10 isolates of Chryseobacterium spp. cultured from blood and endotracheal secretions ... Chryseobacterium spp. have been reported to cause infection in humans, albeit rarely. The clinical significance of these ...
more infohttps://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmmcr/10.1099/jmmcr.0.001008

Welcome to CDC stacks | Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and meningitis and sepsis in newborns and the...Welcome to CDC stacks | Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and meningitis and sepsis in newborns and the...

Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and meningitis and sepsis in newborns and the immunocompromised, Taiwan. ... From 1996 to 1999, 17 culture-documented systemic infections due to novel, atypical strains of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum ...
more infohttps://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/15020

Identification of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from clinically affected fish in California, USA<...Identification of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from clinically affected fish in California, USA<...

Identification of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from clinically affected fish in California, USA. In: Diseases of aquatic ... Identification of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from clinically affected fish in California, USA. Diseases of aquatic ... Identification of Chryseobacterium spp. isolated from clinically affected fish in California, USA. / Sebastião, Fernanda de; ... keywords = "16S rRNA, Chryseobacterium, Flavobacterium, gyrB, North America",. author = "Sebasti{\~a}o, {Fernanda de} and Loch ...
more infohttps://ucdavis.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/identification-of-chryseobacterium-spp-isolated-from-clinically-a

Cloning, expression and biochemical characterization of the cholesterol oxidase CgChoA from Chryseobacterium gleum | BMC...Cloning, expression and biochemical characterization of the cholesterol oxidase CgChoA from Chryseobacterium gleum | BMC...

The gene choA encoding a cholesterol oxidase from Chryseobacterium gleum DSM 16776 was cloned into the pQE-30 expression vector ... Chryseobacterium gleum DSM 16776 was obtained from the German collection of microorganisms (DSMZ). E. coli strain JM109 [ ... The gene choA encoding a cholesterol oxidase from Chryseobacterium gleum DSM 16776 was cloned into the pQE-30 expression vector ... In this study, a novel cholesterol oxidase from Chryseobacterium gleum DSM 16776 (CgChoA) was cloned, expressed in E. coli, ...
more infohttps://bmcbiotechnol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6750-14-46

Chryseobacterium indologenes Bacteremia: Clinical and Microbiological Characteristics of an Emerging InfectionChryseobacterium indologenes Bacteremia: Clinical and Microbiological Characteristics of an Emerging Infection

Since Chryseobacterium indologenes (C. indologenes) is a rare human pathogen, its clinical significance has not yet been fully ... Purpose: Since Chryseobacterium indologenes (C. indologenes) is a rare human pathogen, its clinical significance has not yet ... Chryseobacterium indologenes is a non-fermentative, oxidase-catalase- and indole-positive, non-motile bacillus that belongs to ... Chryseobacterium indologenes is a non fermentative Gram negative bacillus widely distributed in nature [1] . Although a rare ...
more infohttp://file.scirp.org/Html/4-2101764_85269.htm

Chryseobacterium indologenes Bacteremia: Clinical and Microbiological Characteristics of an Emerging InfectionChryseobacterium indologenes Bacteremia: Clinical and Microbiological Characteristics of an Emerging Infection

Since Chryseobacterium indologenes (C. indologenes) is a rare human pathogen, its clinical significance has not yet been fully ... Bacteremia, Chryseobacterium indologenes, Invasive Intervention Cite this paper. Alon, D. , Karniel, E. , Zohar, I. and Stein, ... Chryseobacterium indologenes Bacteremia: Clinical and Microbiological Characteristics of an Emerging Infection. Author(s) Danny ... 4] Shahul, H.A., Manu, M.K., Mohapatra, A.K. and Chawla, K. (2014) Chryseobacterium indologenes Pneumonia in a Patient with Non ...
more infohttp://m.scirp.org/papers/85269

First isolation and characterization of Chryseobacterium shigense from rainbow trout | BMC Veterinary Research | Full TextFirst isolation and characterization of Chryseobacterium shigense from rainbow trout | BMC Veterinary Research | Full Text

Chryseobacterium shigense was isolated from the liver, kidney and gills of diseased rainbow trout in different disease episodes ... There have been an increasing number of infections in fish associated with different species of Chryseobacterium, being ... Thus, Chryseobacterium balustinum Chryseobacterium scophtalmum and Chryseobacterium joostei have been isolated from diseased ... Chryseobacterium arothri was isolated from the kidneys of the pufferfish Arothron hispidus in Hawaii [10] and Chryseobacterium ...
more infohttps://0-bmcvetres-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1746-6148-8-77

Whole genome sequencing uncovers a novel IND-16 metallo-β-lactamase from an extensively drug-resistant Chryseobacterium...Whole genome sequencing uncovers a novel IND-16 metallo-β-lactamase from an extensively drug-resistant Chryseobacterium...

By comparing strain J31 genome to the closely four related neighbors in the genus Chryseobacterium, we identified 2634 ... Our study provides the insight of the multidrug resistance mechanism in genus Chryseobacterium. ... and performed a comparative genomic analysis with other Chryseobacterium species. 16s rRNA sequencing indicated the isolate ... Chryseobacterium indologenes is an emerging opportunistic pathogen in hospital-acquired infection, which is intrinsically ...
more infohttps://gutpathogens.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13099-016-0130-4

Microbiology Society Journals | Chryseobacterium meningosepticum as a cause of cellulitis and sepsis in an immunocompetent...Microbiology Society Journals | Chryseobacterium meningosepticum as a cause of cellulitis and sepsis in an immunocompetent...

Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is a Gram-negative rod with a worldwide distribution. A case of C. meningosepticum cellulitis ... f Chryseobacterium meningosepticum as a cause of cellulitis and sepsis in an immunocompetent patient MyBook is a cheap ... Gungor, S., Ozen, M., Akinci, A. & Durmaz, R. ( 2003 ). A Chryseobacterium meningosepticum outbreak in a neonatal ward. Infect ... Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is a Gram-negative rod with a worldwide distribution. A case of C. meningosepticum cellulitis ...
more infohttp://jmm.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.47111-0

Chryseobacterium soldanellicola sp. nov. and Chryseobacterium taeanense sp. nov., isolated from roots of sand-dune plants |...Chryseobacterium soldanellicola sp. nov. and Chryseobacterium taeanense sp. nov., isolated from roots of sand-dune plants |...

... it is evident that each of these strains represents a novel species of Chryseobacterium, for which the names Chryseobacterium ... Chryseobacterium indoltheticum and Chryseobacterium taichungense. The major fatty acids were 13-methyltetradecanoic acid (iso- ... type strain PSD1-4T=KCTC 12382T=NBRC 100864T) and Chryseobacterium taeanense sp. nov. (type strain PHA3-4T=KCTC 12381T=NBRC ... 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that both isolates should be placed in the genus Chryseobacterium of the family ...
more infohttps://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.63825-0

SciCombinator - Microbiome analysis and confocal microscopy of used kitchen sponges reveal massive colonization by...SciCombinator - Microbiome analysis and confocal microscopy of used kitchen sponges reveal massive colonization by...

Two of the ten dominant OTUs, closely related to the RG2-species Chryseobacterium hominis and Moraxella osloensis, showed ... Moraxella and Chryseobacterium species OPEN Scientific reports , 21 Jul 2017 ...
more infohttp://scicombinator.com/articles/3389688

Division of the genus Chryseobacterium: Observation of discontinuities in amino acid identity values, a possible consequence of...Division of the genus Chryseobacterium: Observation of discontinuities in amino acid identity values, a possible consequence of...

Chryseobacterium bovis , Chryseobacterium caeni , Chryseobacterium hispanicum , Chryseobacterium hominis , Chryseobacterium ... Chryseobacterium carnis , Chryseobacterium chaponense , Chryseobacterium haifense, Chryseobacterium jeonii, Chryseobacterium ... montanum , Chryseobacterium palustre , Chryseobacterium solincola , Chryseobacterium treverense and Chryseobacterium yonginense ... Chryseobacterium pallidum and Chryseobacterium zeae ) to the genus Epilithonimonas and eleven ( Chryseobacterium anthropi , ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=amd&id=19862

Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan - Volume 6,...Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan - Volume 6,...

... atypical strains of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum occurred in two newborns and 15 immunocompromised patients in a medical ... Chryseobacterium meningosepticum: an emerging pathogen among immunocompromised adults. Medicine. 1997;76:30-41. DOIPubMed ... Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan On This Page ... Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, formerly known as Flavobacterium meningosepticum and CDC II-a, is a gram-negative rod widely ...
more infohttps://wwwnc-origin.cdc.gov/eid/article/6/5/00-0506

Table 2 - Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan -...Table 2 - Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan -...

... atypical strains of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum occurred in two newborns and 15 immunocompromised patients in a medical ... Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan Cheng-Hsun ... Atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum and Meningitis and Sepsis in Newborns and the Immunocompromised, Taiwan. ... Comparative in vitro activity of various antibiotics against 17 strains of atypical Chryseobacterium meningosepticum ...
more infohttps://wwwnc-origin.cdc.gov/eid/article/6/5/00-0506-t2

High quality permanent draft genome sequence of Chryseobacterium bovis DSM 19482T, isolated from raw cow milk | Standards in...High quality permanent draft genome sequence of Chryseobacterium bovis DSM 19482T, isolated from raw cow milk | Standards in...

Chryseobacterium genus (Fig. 1).. Table 1 Classification and general features of Chryseobacterium bovis DSM 19482T according to ... Chryseobacterium bovis DSM 19482 T (=LMG 24227 T; CIP 110170 T), was isolated by Hantsis-Zacharov and Halpern [1] from raw cow ... Chryseobacterium . Chryseobacterium bovis proliferates at low temperatures and produce heat-stable proteolytic and lipolytic ... C. bovis strain DSM 19482 T shares typical characteristics of Chryseobacterium such as Gram-negative staining, occurrence as ...
more infohttps://standardsingenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40793-017-0242-6
  • 2P-041 Characterization of internal substrate and acetyl-CoA binding sites in Nacetyltransferase from Chryseobacterium sp. (nii.ac.jp)
  • However, there has been an increase in the frequency of clinical cases in which Chryseobacterium sp. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility and epidemiology of a worldwide collection of Chryseobacterium spp: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997-2001). (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Chryseobacterium shigense was isolated from the liver, kidney and gills of diseased rainbow trout in different disease episodes that occurred in a fish farm between May 2008 and June 2009. (beds.ac.uk)
  • This class B carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase shares the highest identity (43%) with BlaB from C. meningosepticum, thus showing heterogeneity of carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamases in Chryseobacterium spp. (nih.gov)
  • description of Chryseobacterium gen. nov. (cdc.gov)