Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium: A plant species of the genus CHRYSANTHEMUM, family ASTERACEAE. The flowers contain PYRETHRINS, cinerolones, and chrysanthemines which are powerful contact insecticides. Most in the old Pyrethrum genus are reclassified to TANACETUM; some to other ASTERACEAE genera.Chrysanthemum: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.Trichomes: Hair-like extensions on specialized epidermal surfaces of plants which protect against damage from insects, animals, light degradation and fungal infection. Trichomes may also occur on certain unicellular EUKARYOTES.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Ribonucleoproteins, Small Cytoplasmic: Complexes of scRNA (RNA, SMALL CYTOPLASMIC) and protein found in the cytoplasm. An example is SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE.Short Interspersed Nucleotide Elements: Highly repeated sequences, 100-300 bases long, which contain RNA polymerase III promoters. The primate Alu (ALU ELEMENTS) and the rodent B1 SINEs are derived from 7SL RNA, the RNA component of the signal recognition particle. Most other SINEs are derived from tRNAs including the MIRs (mammalian-wide interspersed repeats).Calcium Sulfate: A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Endangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Boric Acids: Inorganic and organic derivatives of boric acid either B(OH)3 or, preferably H3BO3.Azadirachta: A plant genus of the family MELIACEAE. Members contain azadirachtin A (a limonoid commonly referred to as azadirachtin) and other TRITERPENES. They have been used in PESTICIDES. The old name of Melia azadirachta is very similar to a related plant, MELIA AZEDARACH.Diatomaceous Earth: A form of SILICON DIOXIDE composed of skeletons of prehistoric aquatic plants which is used for its ABSORPTION quality, taking up 1.5-4 times its weight in water. The microscopic sharp edges are useful for insect control but can also be an inhalation hazard. It has been used in baked goods and animal feed. Kieselguhr is German for flint + earthy sediment.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Limonins: A group of degraded TRITERPENES in which the four terminal carbons of the C17 side chain have been removed, and the remaining portion often forming C17 furans.Diflubenzuron: An insect growth regulator which interferes with the formation of the insect cuticle. It is effective in the control of mosquitoes and flies.Methoprene: Juvenile hormone analog and insect growth regulator used to control insects by disrupting metamorphosis. Has been effective in controlling mosquito larvae.Solid Waste: Garbage, refuse, or sludge, or other discarded materials from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, and air pollution control facility that include solid, semi-solid, or contained material. It does not include materials dissolved in domestic sewage, irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges.Refuse Disposal: The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 9. This avian origin virus was first identified in humans in 2013.Waste Management: Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.Incineration: High temperature destruction of waste by burning with subsequent reduction to ashes or conversion to an inert mass.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Rehabilitation: Restoration of human functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from disease or injury.Community Integration: Policies and programs which ensure that DISPLACED PERSONS and chronic illnesses receive the support and SOCIAL SERVICES needed to live in their communities.Engineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.

Enhancement of plant stem growth by flocculation of the antibiotic-producing bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens S272, on the roots. (1/34)

The antibiotic-producing bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens, is assumed to be important in protecting plants from soilborne diseases. S. fluorescens S272, a hyper-producing strain of pyoluteorin (PT) and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (DG), had previously been isolated from soil. The present paper reported that the growth of water-cultivated Kaiware radish was promoted to 120-140% of its normal level by the coaddition of an S272 culture broth (0.01-1% v/v) and a polysaccharide flocculant (1-100 ppm) from Klebsiella pneumoniae H12. Tight adhesion of S272 cells to the root tissue was microscopically observed. The growth promotion is assumed to have been caused by antibiotic effects for the following two reasons: 1) PT (4 mg/l) and DG (24 mg/l) addition to a radish culture enhanced stem growth to 130% of the normal level; 2) a culture solution containing the S272 culture broth (0.01-1% v/v) markedly inhibited the decomposition of hypersensitive chrysanthemum leaves. A soil-cultivation experiment with Gomphrena globosa under natural conditions also exhibited enhanced stem length (160%) by coaddition of the S272 culture broth and H12 polysaccharide. These results suggest that polysaccharide-enhanced adhesion of P. fluorescens S272 cells might be useful for promoting plant growth through the increased antibiotic effect.  (+info)

Identification of L-inositol and scyllitol and their distribution in various organs in chrysanthemum. (2/34)

Two unidentified soluble carbohydrates were isolated from chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitamura) leaves using HPLC. The compounds were identified as 1 L-chiro-inositol, called L-inositol (1) and scyllo-inositol, called scyllitol (2) from the results of 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and CI-MS spectra. L-Inositol and scyllitol were distributed in four cultivars tested. L-Inositol concentration of petals gradually decreased during the flower bud development, but the L-inositol content increased by about 7 times. Scyllitol was detected only at an early stage of flower bud.  (+info)

Fluid ionic composition influences hydraulic conductance of xylem conduits. (3/34)

The direct effect of fluid composition on xylem hydraulic conductance is investigated in excised stem segments of chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x grandiflorum Tzvelev cv. Cassa) plants. Dynamic changes in hydraulic conductance are accurately measured at 30 s intervals before and after modifications of the composition of the standard fluid (deionized water). It is investigated whether osmotic properties of the flowing solution influence overall hydraulic conductance by affecting the hydraulic conductance of vessel-to-vessel pit membranes, as has previously been suggested. Various iso-osmotic salt solutions (20 mOsm kg-1) of different composition raised the hydraulic conductance of 20 cm long stem segments approximately 5-8% compared to deionized water. In contrast, carbohydrate solutions with similar osmotic strength and pH did not cause any change in hydraulic conductance. KCl solutions that greatly differed in osmotic strength all increased hydraulic conductance, but the response was not correlated with the osmotic strength of the solution. Increasing the number of vessels that were open from one cut end to the other by shortening the stem segments greatly increased the hydraulic conductance response. Changing from deionized water to a salt solution caused an immediate increase in hydraulic conductance, while a shift back to deionized water resulted in a slow decline. This decline lasted longer when the salt solution contained divalent cations compared to monovalent cations. It is concluded that the presence of cations and not the osmotic strength in the flowing solution influenced the hydraulic conductance. The phenomenon is not caused by the vessel-to-vessel pit membranes, which in fact suppressed the effect, due to their large contribution to the overall resistance to water flow.  (+info)

Analysis of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of chrysanthemum via denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA as well as DNA fragments coding for 16S rRNA. (4/34)

The effect of developing chrysanthemum roots on the presence and activity of bacterial populations in the rhizosphere was examined by using culture-independent methods. Nucleic acids were extracted from rhizosphere soil samples associated with the bases of roots or root tips of plants harvested at different stages of development. PCR and reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR were used to amplify 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and 16S rRNA, respectively, and the products were subjected to denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Prominent DGGE bands were excised and sequenced to gain insight into the identities of predominantly present (PCR) and predominantly active (RT-PCR) bacterial populations. The majority of DGGE band sequences were related to bacterial genera previously associated with the rhizosphere, such as Pseudomonas, Comamonas, Variovorax, and Acetobacter, or typical of root-free soil environments, such as Bacillus and Arthrobacter. The PCR-DGGE patterns observed for bulk soil were somewhat more complex than those obtained from rhizosphere samples, and the latter contained a subset of the bands present in bulk soil. DGGE analysis of RT-PCR products detected a subset of bands visible in the rDNA-based analysis, indicating that some dominantly detected bacterial populations did not have high levels of metabolic activity. The sequences detected by the RT-PCR approach were, however, derived from a wide taxonomic range, suggesting that activity in the rhizosphere was not determined at broad taxonomic levels but rather was a strain- or species-specific phenomenon. Comparative analysis of DGGE profiles grouped all DNA-derived root tip samples together in a cluster, and within this cluster the root tip samples from young plants formed a separate subcluster. Comparison of rRNA-derived bacterial profiles showed no grouping of root tip samples versus root base samples. Rather, all profiles derived from 2-week-old plant rhizosphere soils grouped together regardless of location along the root.  (+info)

In planta expression of a protein encoded by the extrachromosomal DNA of a phytoplasma and related to geminivirus replication proteins. (5/34)

A new extrachromosomal DNA, EcOYW1, was cloned from the onion yellows phytoplasma (OY-W). Southern blot and PCR analysis showed that EcOYW1 is not present in the OY-M, a mild symptom line derived from OY-W. We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of EcOYW1; it is a circular dsDNA of 7.0 kbp in length, which contains seven ORFs. ORF1 encoded a homologue of the geminivirus Rep protein. Western immunoblot analysis revealed that this Rep homologue is expressed in OY-W infected plants, suggesting that EcOYW1 replicates via a geminivirus-like rolling-circle replication mechanism. EcOYW1 is the first phytoplasmal extrachromosomal DNA shown to express encoded genes.  (+info)

Stability and bioavailability of antioxidants in garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium L.). (6/34)

The stability and bioavailability of the major antioxidants in garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium L.), chlorogenic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 4-succinyl-3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, were investigated together with caffeic acid. These compounds were stable in artificial digestive juice, but more than 90% of them disappeared from plasma within 30 min after intravenous injection into rats. When they were orally administered, only caffeic acid could be detected.  (+info)

Xylem hydraulic conductivity related to conduit dimensions along chrysanthemum stems. (7/34)

The stem xylem conduit dimensions and hydraulic conductivity of chrysanthemum plants (Dendranthema x grandiflorum Tzvelev cv. Cassa) were analysed and quantified. Simple exponential relations describe conduit length distribution, height dependency of conduit length distribution, and height dependency of stem hydraulic conductivity. These mathematical descriptions can be used to model the xylem water transport system. Within a chrysanthemum stem of 1.0 m, the conduit half-length (the length within which 50% of the conduits have their end) was 0.029 m at soil surface and decreased by half at a height of 0.6 m. With each 0.34 m increase in height up the stem, the hydraulic conductivity decreased by 50%. The resistance calculated from conduit lumen characteristics was 70% of the measured resistance. The remaining unexplained part of the hydraulic resistance is at least partly caused by inter-conduit connections.  (+info)

Method development and validation of a high-performance liquid chromatographic method for pyrethrum extract. (8/34)

A robust analytical methodology is developed for the quantitative determination of all six insecticidal components of pyrethrum extract: jasmolin I, cinerin I, pyrethrin I, jasmolin II, cinerin II, and pyrethrin II. This method, based on the separation technique normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, offers selectivity, accuracy, precision, linearity, range, ruggedness, and robustness as well as efficiency and ease.  (+info)

Pyrethrum refers to several Old World plants of the genus Chrysanthemum which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy flower heads. Pyrethrum is also the name of a natural insecticide made from the dried flower heads of C. cinerariifolium and C. coccineum (from wikipedia). This is the reason I decided to add this plant as one of the member in the garden as royal bodyguards against pest in summer. Pyrethrum is a perennial plant and can be grown from seeds or division. We grow a hybrid one from seeds last year in autumn. From our experience germination is rather slow. If you sow earlier, you might get a few blooms the same year. We wait after a year for the plants to bloom like now. ...
Learn about pyrethrin insecticide, pyrethrum and products with pyrethrins from DoMyOwnPestControl.com. Free Shipping and free expert advice.
Learn about pyrethrin insecticide, pyrethrum and products with pyrethrins from DoMyOwnPestControl.com. Free Shipping and free expert advice.
Learn about pyrethrin insecticide, pyrethrum and products with pyrethrins from DoMyOwnPestControl.com. Free Shipping and free expert advice.
Plant Disease 97:1431-1437...Plant Disease 97:1431-1437...Minimizing Crop Damage Through Understanding Relationships Between Pyrethrum Phenology and Ray Blight Disease Severity...Sarah J. Pethybridge, The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research, Private Bag 4704, Christchurch, New Zealand; David H. Gent, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Services, Forage Seed and Cereal Research Unit and Oregon State University Department of Botany and...
Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) announced on Monday that is looking to develop mosquito insecticides from locally grown pyrethrum flowers. This is good news to Kenyas pyrethrum farmers in the country who are set to be the first hand beneficiaries of the project.. In her bid to contain the deadly malaria disease that claims nearly 23,000 lives in the East African, plans to replace the synthetic insecticides available in the country with pyrethrum-based insecticide.. KEMRI announced plans for the study after the countrys health ministry discovered from a research that the synthetic pyrethroids cannot kill 60% of the malaria-causing mosquitos. The study is also aimed and providing a lasting solution to the mosquito menace that is increasingly becoming resistant towards the available synthetic pyrethrum.. Kenyas pyrethrum farmers are set to be the major benefactors as if the study and trials are success it will mean that a Pyrethrum plant will be established by the Kenya Pyrethrum ...
Using a botanical insecticide, called Pyrethrin, the Skeeter Defeater effectively kills mosquitoes. The Pyrethrin Spray in the Skeeter Defeater does not leave a harsh insecticide odor and it burns off in hours. Pyrethrin is the solution to your mosquito problems.
In the past I have recommended pyrethrum but not any longer. It is too toxic - it also has a good chance of being laced wiyh DDT which is the pesticide used in Kenya where much of the pyrethrum is grown. Sure, pyrethrum is a natural material - so is hemlock arsenic and many other toxic things. Pyrethrum is toxic to all vertebrates - birds, lizards, frogs, toads, cats, dogs, you and me. Essential oil products are toxic only to invertebrates like insects and slugs, so of course thats what we recommend. Pyrethrum and the synthetic pyrethroids also are especially bad for people with allergies and can cause allergy problems including asthma for children and adults. Bottom line -there are no pyrethrum, pyrethrin or pyrethroid products that are acceptable in an organic program ...
Table of Contents for United States Synthetic Pyrethroids Market by Manufacturers, States, Type and Application, Forecast to 2022 by Global Info Research Available at market-research-reports.com.
Buy Akarkara (Anacyclus pyrethrum) Powder - Nidco online from Ayurvedabay.com. Shop for Nidco products, ayurvedic products, organic herbs & ayurvedic medicines at best price. FREE Worldwide Shipping on orders over $60! | Easy & Secure Payment.
This is an over the counter product - it does not require prescription. Pleasant-smelling water-based PYRETHRIN DIP concentrate that kills and repels fleas, ticks, lice, gnats, mosquitoes and flies. Economical PYRETHRIN DIP is labeled for use on dogs, cats, puppies and kittens 12 weeks and older. Available in the following si
Author summary Lipases are a large family of enzymes conferring lipid metabolism. Lipids and their metabolites play diverse roles in plant growth as well as response to environmental stimuli. Accumulating evidence implicates lipids as signaling molecules mediating plant immunity. Therefore, lipases are presumed to be actively involved in plant defense responses. Based on gene expression profiling, we have identified two functional GDSL lipases, encoded by OsGLIP1 and OsGLIP2, whose expression was suppressed by pathogen infection in the model cereal rice. Both OsGLIP1 and OsGLIP2 proteins localize to lipid droplets and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, and they likely coordinate lipid metabolism with differential but complementary expression patterns in tissues and developmental stages. Consequently, alteration of OsGLIP gene expression was associated with substantial changes of lipid abundance and plant disease resistance. Our work identifies and characterizes two lipases that function as
PT 565 Plus XLO Contact Insecticide has .50 % Pyrethrin, PT 565 Plus XLO Contact Insecticide contains natural pyrethrin, long known for its low toxicity, quick knockdown, and excellent flushing capabilities.
Baker, Richard ; Bragard, Claude ; Candresse, Thierry ; Gilioli, Gianni ; Grégoire, Jean-Claude ; Holb, Imre ; Jeger, Michael John ; Karadjova, Olia Evtimova ; Magnusson, sven Christer ; Makowski, David ; Manceau, Charles ; Navajas, Maria ; Rafoss, Trond ; Rossi, Vittorio ; Schans, Jan ; Schrader, Gritta ; Urek, Gregor ; van Lenteren, Johan Coert ; Vloutoglou, Irene ; Winter, Stephan ; van der Werf, Wopke. Scientific opinion on the risks to plant health posed by Stagonosporopsis chrysanthemi (Stevens) Crous, Vaghefi and Taylor [Didymella ligulicola (Baker, Dimock and Davis) Arx var. ligulicola;syn. Didymella ligulicola (Baker, Dimock and Davis) Arx] in the EU territory, with identification and evaluation of risk reduction options. In: EFSA Journal, Vol. 11, no.10, p. 3376 (2013). http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/146692. ...
Bio-Groom Flea & Tick Shampoo features natural Pyrethrin and a protein-lanolin formula to give coats a healthy sheen. Lavender fragrance. Dilutes 4 to 1 ...
Natria Pyrethrum liquid Insecticide 30 ml - Bayer for sale! 1 per unit for only £ 10.99. Discount up to 50% on all Flower Bulbs! Ordered today is delivered tomorrow.
EverGreen Pyrethrum Dust is a botanically-derived insecticide dust that delivers fast kill for a broad range of target pests, including bed bugs, fleas, ants, German cockroaches, ticks, yellowjackets and wasps. Reference the product label for the full list of pests killed or controlled.. ...
Data on 6,500 pesticides, insecticides and herbicides including toxicity, water pollution, ecological toxicity, uses and regulatory status.
Microorganisms, especially bacteria belonging to the order Actinomycetales, are the most common producers of antimicrobial agents. Traditionally, antibiotic-producing organisms were isolated from the terrestrial sources, and only recently the potential of marine microorganisms in this respect became apparent. During the last decade many bacterial producers of novel antibiotics with unusual structures and properties have been isolated from the sea. Norwegian marine environment is largely unexplored, and might provide a rich source of the microorganisms producing novel and efficient anti-infective compounds. In the current project financed by the Research Council of Norway, and started at the end of 2003 in co-operation with SINTEF and Trondheim Biological Station, we are harvesting samples from the marine environment in the Trondheim fjord with the aim to isolate antibiotic-producing bacteria. The collection of such bacteria are being screened for antibiotic activity using a panel of test ...
Treatments for Chemical poisoning - Pyrethrin including drugs, prescription medications, alternative treatments, surgery, and lifestyle changes.
Applications for this system are near limitless, as the gene that is transcribed upon activation by light is interchangeable. Specifically, one might imagine release of a hormone could be triggered in hormone replacement therapies, or insulin could be produced in diabetics with the system replacing the need for injections (dosage variable with duration of light pulse) While in testing, however, we need an easily-detectable reporter. GFP as a candidate was swiftly dismissed, as using a fluorescent protein to report on the activity of light-sensitive bacteria would undoubtedly lead to interference and skewed results! Antibiotic expression in concert with antibiotic resistance could be relevant as antibiotic-producing bacteria may be a useful bio-implant and would also be an accurate reporter - the complexity of this system may impose on our timetable, however, so we have decided ultimately to use the well-characterised lacZ reporter construct. In this system, bacteria that produce the protein ...
Students are learning how to fight bacteria with antibiotic-producing bacteria and looking for new antibiotics in the Antibiotics: Research and Function research stream.
Allethrin: Synthetic analogs of the naturally occurring insecticides cinerin, jasmolin, and pyrethrin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A refined natural pyrethrum insecticide composed of the six constituents of pyrethrum diluted in a paraffinic, naphthenic solvent for use in the manufacture of insecticide products. ...
I found maggots in my bedroom on my desk, inside an orange. I threw out the orange and wiped down the desk with Clorox wipes. Will the maggots spread throughout ...
Data on 6,500 pesticides, insecticides and herbicides including toxicity, water pollution, ecological toxicity, uses and regulatory status.
Originally Posted by mattys4 Sorry misprint here im on my phone ive used both anabeta og and elite and have had great results. Regardless of cost i
Deteksi dan Identifikasi Chrysanthemum Stunt Viroid pada Tanaman Krisan Menggunakan Teknik Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (Detection and Identification of Chrysanthemum Stunt Viroid on Chrysanthemum Using Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase
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Looking for pyrethrums? Find out information about pyrethrums. : see chrysanthemum chrysanthemum , name for a large number of annual or perennial herbs of the genus Chrysanthemum of the family Asteraceae , some... Explanation of pyrethrums
Pyrethrins, known as pediculicides, are extracted from dried pyrethrum flowers (a member of the same genus as the chrysanthemum) and are used as an insecticide,especially to kill head and body lice in humans. They are frequently paired with piperonyl butoxide which makes the pyrethrins more effective.
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Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) is the most destructive insect pest of greenhouses worldwide causing both direct and indirect damage to a wide range of horticultural crops. The primary means of dealing with these pests in greenhouse production systems is the use of insecticides. However, greenhouse producers are continually seeking alternative options to manage Western flower thrips in order to alleviate the prospect of resistance and thus preserve already existing commercially-available insecticides. Furthermore, it is difficult to suppress Western flower thrips due to their thigmotactic behavior, which means that the body is in constant contact with a surface so they tend to occupy narrow crevices in plant parts. So they tend to reside in tight-enclosed areas including unopened flower buds and terminal buds, decreasing their susceptibility to insecticide sprays. There has been interest in utilizing materials that lure or attract Western flower thrips to increase the ...
Plants emit specific blends of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in response to mechanical wounding. Such induced VOCs have been shown to mediate in plant and interplant communication, yet little is known about the time- and dose-response relationships in VOC-mediated communications. Here, we employed young seedlings of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium to examine the effects of volatiles emitted by artificially damaged seedlings on the biosynthesis of the natural insecticides pyrethrins in intact conspecific plants. Wounded leaves emitted (Z)-3-hexenal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate and (E)-β-farnesene as dominant wound-induced VOCs. Exposing intact seedlings to a mixture of these VOCs at concentrations mimicking those emitted from wounded seedlings, as well as placing the intact seedlings next to the wounded seedlings, resulted in enhanced pyrethrin contents in the intact seedlings. Thus we quantified mRNA transcripts of 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS), ...
Four novel strains of saprophytic bacteria were isolated from the soil samples collected in the moist subtropics region (the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus) and studied using methods of polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Microorganisms were Gram-negative, oxidase positive, aerobic, rod-shaped motile bacteria that produced antibiotic named batumin with high and selective activity against staphylococci; its total formula was С 30Н48N2O7. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences (1376 bp, accession number in Genbank - JF306642) indicated that the isolates belonged to the γ-Proteobacteria, formed a separate branch within the genus Pseudomonas and had 98% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Pseudomonas gingeri. The latter essentially differed from the studied strains in its phenotypic characteristics ...
Report SummaryThe China Synthetic Pyrethroids Industry Market Research Report 2017 is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the...
The common species of thrips infesting cotton seedlings include flower thrips, Frankliniella tritici (Fitch); tobacco thrips, Frankliniella fusca (Hinds); western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande); onion thrips, Thrips tabaci (Lindeman); and soybean thrips, Neohydatothrips variabilis (Beach). In surveys of cotton seedlings at several locations in Louisiana, tobacco thrips was the most common species. The occurrence of flower thrips and soybean thrips was variable. Western flower thrips accounted for < 15% of adults collected at all locations, except two. The performance of acephate and imidacloprid applied as seed treatments and in-furrow, and aldicarb applied in-furrow was evaluated for thrips management across different production environments. Insecticide treatments reduced thrips densities and delayed development of thrips larval populations. The at-planting insecticides influenced thrips species composition in some instances. In studies to evaluate the effects of ...
Dodgers right-hander Jon Garlands shoulder injury may sideline him for the remainder of the season, a source tells Tony Jackson of ESPN Los Angeles. Garland has been on the DL for the last month with inflammation in his throwing shoulder and was looking for a second opinion on his injury, but the source tells Jackson that Garland wont pitch again in 2011 even if he opts to avoid surgery.. If Garlands season is indeed over, it will probably mark the end of his tenure with the Dodgers. The 31-year-old signed a one-year, $5MM contract with Los Angeles last November that included a club option worth $8MM for 2012 that would have vested had Garland thrown 190 innings. This looked like a safe bet at the time given that the durable Garland had reached the 190-inning plateau in each of previous nine seasons. As it happened, the righty made his first two career trips to the DL this year. Given Garlands health and the Dodgers financial issues, there is little to no chance the club would pick up that ...
A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum). Pyrethroids constitute the majority of commercial household insecticides. In the concentrations used in such products, they may also have insect repellent properties and are generally harmless to humans. Pyrethroids are axonic excitoxins, the toxic effects of which are mediated through preventing the closure of the voltage-gated sodium channels in the axonal membranes. The sodium channel is a membrane protein with a hydrophilic interior. This interior is a tiny hole which is shaped precisely to strip away the partially charged water molecules from a sodium ion and create a favorable way for sodium ions to pass through the membrane, enter the axon, and propagate an action potential. When the toxin keeps the channels in their open state, the nerves cannot repolarize, leaving the axonal membrane permanently depolarized, thereby paralyzing the ...
Buy chrysanthemum tea bags made of pure chrysanthemum flower, Chrysanthemum morifolium. Chrysanthemum flower tea bags have many tea health benefits, brews in 5 minutes.
The Chrysanthemum or Mum, Dendranthema x grandiflorum, is easy to grow. Find facts and information on growing and caring for chrysanthemums including: planting, pests and diseases, types of chrysanthemums and other helpful tips. Chrysanthemums are also known as "Mums". They come in a variety of colors, such as, yellow, gold, orange, bronze, maroon, pink, lavender [...]. ...
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Gardeners Supply 3 in 1 Plant Disease Control Spray | Buy this dual-action formula that has sulfur to control fungus, and natural pyrethrins to kill mites and other insects on contact. Use on roses, flowers, trees and shrubs, vegetables and fruits Gardeners Supply
British Orange Chrysanthemum Flowers Chrysanthemums are available in variety of shapes and sizes and the flowers differ between species. Although originally chrysanthemums were small yellow flowers, they are now available as whites, pinks, purples, greens, reds and many other colours. The flowers themselves can be ball or globe shaped, daisy-shaped or even button shaped.
Yellow John Hughes is an exhibition mum of the regular incurve type, which bears sizable yellow flowers.Chrysanthemum is made up of both annuals and perennials and are best known for their showy flowers. There are twelve different flowerhead forms which distinguish the different chrysanthemums. Colors range from
Heyward Horry is of the anemone spray variety, and puts forth pink flowers.Chrysanthemum is made up of both annuals, and perennials and are best known for their showy flowers. There are twelve different flowerhead forms which distinguish the different chrysanthemums. Colors range from yellow to red to pink to brown
Chrysanthemums meanings are as varied as their blooms. We use them to celebrate November birthdays, as homecoming corsages and for decoration at harvest festivals. They are signs of remembrance at funerals and gravesites. Chrysanthemums can symbolize abundance, wealth and optimism as well as sorrow and sympathy. In Japan, they are an integral part of the Festival of Happiness, and I think they are incredibly happy plants. I wore this kimono when I was a very little girl. Although the chrysanthemums, fans and paper cranes are a rather faded now, its hard not to smile at this sweetly-designed fabric ...
Odour Of Chrysanthemums Essay Scholarships. THE CHRYSANTHEMUMS ESSAY THE CHRYSANTHEMUMS ESSAY Best Assignment Writing and Editing Company - Order Secure Essay Papers You Can Rely On Custom Paper Writing and
Whether or not a pyrethrin or pyrethroid product is toxic depends on the animal species involved, as well as the concentration, synergists and carriers used in the product. The use of pyrethrins/pyrethroids is very safe in dogs; however, cats and fish are very sensitive to pyrethrins/pyrethroids.. Fish are so sensitive that they may die from even the smallest exposure, so be sure to cover aquarium tanks (with something non-porous like plastic wrap) or remove the tanks from an area youll be treating with a product containing a pyrethrin or pyrethroid (e.g., foggers, sprays, etc.). Likewise, if you apply a topical flea and tick spot-on onto your dog, do not allow him to jump into a body of water where fish may be living (for instance, a koi pond or a neighboring creek) for at least 24-48 hours following application ...
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or (privacy) interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. In case of a legitimate complaint, the Library will make the material inaccessible and/or remove it from the website. Please Ask the Library, or send a letter to: Library of the University of Amsterdam, Secretariat, Singel 425, 1012 WP Amsterdam, The Netherlands. You will be contacted as soon as possible. ...
Get rid of foliar and soil-dwelling pests now! BotaniGard Maxx combines Beauveria bassiana with pyrethrins to knockdown and kill target pests including aphids, caterpillars, russet mites, psyllids and other soft-bodied insects. Can be used for knockdown or prolonged control.
The action of the spray is based on the natural insecticidal properties of the extract pyrethrum (species of chrysanthemum). Pyrethrum has an immediate, devastating impact on pests (paralysis and destruction). Unlike a lot of products available on the market, it does not contain any synthetic additive (PBO). This means that it degrades more quickly (caused by ultraviolet rays), making it harmless to humans and hot-blooded animals. The spray can also be used on a preventive basis, since pests tend to avoid objects treated with pyrethrum. The presence of pests in wood can often be observed after a complete generation has been developed. The holes that become visible are made by adult insects who come out in search of mates. By this stage the larvae, which cause the damage, have already dug tunnels. Pistal is a contact-based insecticide. Depending on the degree of infestation it may be necessary to lightly punch the surface to enable the product to penetrate.. It may also be applied with a brush ...
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WRKY transcription factors are known to function in a number of plant processes. Here we have characterized 15 WRKY family genes of the important ornamental species chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium). A total of 15 distinct sequences were isolated; initially internal fragments were amplified based on transcriptomic sequence, and then the full length cDNAs were obtained using RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) PCR. The transcription of these 15 genes in response to a variety of phytohormone treatments and both biotic and abiotic stresses was characterized. Some of the genes behaved as would be predicted based on their homology with Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY genes, but others showed divergent behavior.
|p|Chrysanthemum Tea acts as a natural coolant, which aids in reducing body temperature and could prevent a sore throat. This refreshing tea has a strong aroma of Chrysanthemum to relax the mind. Drink chilled for optimal tasting results!|/p|
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The Hospital of Central Connecticut New Britain General campus Auxiliary will hold its 2014 Chrysanthemum Ball, 6 to 11:30 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 1 at the Aqua Turf Club in Plantsville. Tickets are $175 per person and include dinner and dancing to the music of the Silver Streaks Band. Event proceeds will go toward the Auxiliary's one million dollar pledge to the hospital's new cancer center, currently under construction. The ball will also include a silent auction and drawing. 2014 Chrysanthemum Ball committee co-chairs are Melinda Martin and Kathie Yuskis, both of Kensington. Committee members are (pictured seated, from left) Annette ...
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Aromatic annual with special significance in Japanese culture and cuisine, a royal symbol of the Chrysanthemum Throne. Seedlings are as hardy as lettuce, and will germinate in cool soil along with the earliest spring crops ...
در این تحقیق اثر استرس شوری روی تغییرات روزنه برگ‌های H. coronariumوH. criniferumبا استفاده از میکروسکوپ نوری بررسی شد. طرح به‌صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل شامل (تیمارهای گونه‌های گیاهی و سطح شوری صفر، 100، 200، 250 و 300 میلی‏مولار کلرید سدیم) بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی در 4 تکرار و 50 عدد بذر در هر تکرار کشت گردید. بذرها در گلدان‌های پلاستیکی در ماسه‌های استریل شده رشد نمودند. همه گلدان‌ها با آب مقطر تا مرحله جوانه‌زنی آبیاری شدند، سپس با محلول هوگلند همراه با تیمارهای شوری به مدت 40 روز آبیاری ادامه یافت. درنهایت صفات روزنه اندازه‌گیری شدند. آنالیز آماری داده‌ها به‌وسیله
Natural control by predators and parasitoids provides an important and often unnoticed ecosystem service to agricultural landscapes by reducing pest populations in crops. The current model of horticultural intensification in south-eastern Spain produces high yields but has also resulted in a landscape almost completely covered by plastic. Promoting natural areas among greenhouses could enhance biodiversity, by being beneficial insects, and reduce pest pressure outdoors. The first step is to ascertain how pests and their natural enemies (NEs) use Mediterranean vegetation for selecting the best plants for pest suppression outdoors. The abundance of the two major horticultural pests, the tobacco whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, and the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, together with their NEs, were assayed in 22 flowering perennial plants, which were newly planted in an experimental field surrounded by greenhouses. Eight plant species were identified as the most critical species for ...
John Steinbecks "The Chrysanthemums" Essay - John Steinbecks "The Chrysanthemums" John Steinbecks "The Chrysanthemums" shows the true feelings of the main character, Elisa Allen, through the use of setting and her interactions with other characters in the story. By way of vivid descriptions, Elisas feelings of dissatisfaction over the lack of excitement in her life are portrayed. Her role as a mere housewife and then the subsequent change to feelings of a self-assured woman are clearly seen. These inner feelings are most apparent with the portrayal of Elisa working in the garden with the chrysanthemums, the conversation she has with the man passing through, and finally, when she and her husband are going out to dinner.... [tags: Steinbeck Chrysanthemums Essays] ...
We conducted a multiple cross-over experiment from April 2013 - April 2014, in which all houses in one of two villages in Mondolkiri Province, Cambodia were alternately supplied with an emanator of the spatial repellent metofluthrin per 30 m3 of protected area to cover all potential peridomestic areas where people might spend their time before sleeping. Emanators were replaced every month for a three-month period. Mosquito densities were simultaneously monitored in each village for two weeks every month using six CDC light-traps/night run from 18.00 to 07.00 hrs inside bedrooms and malaria prevalence, seroconversion and gSG6 protein rates assessed from prevalence surveys. After emanators were installed in the first village they were installed in the second village for a further three-month period and following that were again used in the initial village for a further three months. Surveys were undertaken before the initial installation of the emanators and at each cross-over point. Anopheles ...
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Chrysanthemum flowers - Ju Hua (Dendranthema x grandiflorum). This is mainly used in herbal medicine for treating hypertension, liver disorders, angina and coronary complaints. - Stock Image C001/2456
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Citation: Webster, C.G., Reitz, S.R., Perry, K.L., Adkins, S.T. 2011. A natural M RNA reassortant arising from two species of plant-and-insect-infecting bunyaviruses and comparison of its sequences and biological properties to parental species. Virology. 413:216-225. Interpretive Summary: Virus isolates collected from Florida tomatoes were characterized and found to be the result of a reassortment between two distinct species of plant infecting viruses. The small (S) and large (L) segments belonged to Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV), whereas the medium segment (M) belonged to Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV). This is the first time we have observed what appears to be a natural reassortment between two species of plant-infecting bunyaviruses has been found. The response of these isolates to resistant tomato and pepper lines was consistent with those of the two parent species (GRSV and TCSV) and the virus was also acquired and transmitted by the western flower thrips (Frankliniella ...
A Chrysanthemum plant named Cream Chantal particularly characterized by its flat capitulum form; daisy capitulum type; cream-yellow ray floret color; diameter across face of capitulum of 25 to 27 mm when fully opened, when grown as a pinched spray pot mum; photoperiodic flowering response to short days of 44 to 48 days; plant height, with 14 to 15 long days after sticking unrooted cuttings, and with 0 to 1 applications of 2500 ppm B-9 SP, ranges from 18 to 20 cm when grown as a pinched pot mum with 4 cuttings in a 15 cm pot; small dark green foliage; branching pattern is spreading and very prolific, each plant having 6 to 8 laterals after pinch; very floriferous, with an excellent display of many small flowers; and excellent tolerance to high temperatures for bud initiation and flower development.
My favorite flowers are the fall Chrysanthemums, and they last until it freezes. I believe that the Japanese Emperor made them his symbol. We just watched A Few Good Men on cable, and enjoyed the performances of Tom Crews and Jack Nicholson again. The Col. Jessup, Marine CO( played by Jack Nicholson) with an angry, sneering attitude was a good example of the outdated Angry White Man that is going to have to learn how to live among todays new social customs. That may be part of Sarah Palins niche appeal today...she is a feisty conservative, but she is not an angry white man that is no longer be electable. I sure hope that the angry white men in the GOP leadership circles dont throw away their opportunty to nominate her just because she is a woman. ...
A Chrysanthemum plant named Yellow Triumph particularly characterized by its flat capitulum form; decorative capitulum type; yellow ray floret color; diameter across face of capitulum of 64 to 70 mm. when fully opened; spreading and prolific branching pattern, with 6 to 9 breaks after pinch when grown outside under natural daylength in fall flowering, and 6 to 8 breaks after pinch when grown in 10 cm. pots for spring flowerings; natural season flowering date of Aug. 21 when planting rooted cuttings Jun. 23 in Salinas, Calif., and Sep. 25 when planting rooted cuttings Jun. 15 in Hightstown, N.J.; flowering response of 43 to 46 days after rooting in no light/no shade programs in spring; plant height of 25 cm. when grown in fall under natural daylength with no growth regulators, and 18 to 20 cm. when grown in 10 cm. pots in spring with 0 to 1 applications of 2500 ppm B-9 SP; and durable, uniform performance.
Dog hasn't been eating at all but when I put him outside, he ate part of a chrysanthemum, the leaves. I think he could - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian
Find Mr Fothergills Chrysanthemum Rainbow Mix Seeds at Bunnings Warehouse. Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products.
If you are into downsizing your lawn area, try planting lots of mums. They stay dark green and thick all summer (just like a lawn) then explode into bloom in the fall. Shear to the ground in early spring and grow in rich, well-drained soil. September to October bloom.
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So I just told you about some houseplants that could be toxic to some people and animals. Chrysanthemum was on the list, but someone asked, What about
Chrysanthemums like Petunias are great value plants in my opinion. Their ability to survive with little care & come back looking perfect each year makes them ideal. Your gallery is gorgeous Hubert ...
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The Spring Bulb Show always starts the first Saturday in March and runs for two weeks, including the third weekend.. The Fall Chrysanthemum Show always starts the first Saturday in November and runs for two weeks including the third weekend.. ...
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I think the idea the shame is particularly important in Japanese culture came from The Chrysanthemum and the Sword by Ruth Benedict. 日本は「恥の文化「であるという観念はルースヵベネディクト著の「菊と刀「からきたのではないかと思います ...
Always upright and beautiful, and mildew-resistant, Chrysanthemum Mei-Kyo has dense foliage which can make it look a little like a boxwood ball.
A new |i|Chrysanthemum |/i|plant named CIDZ0065 and particularly distinguished by the very small, deep purple with white stripes, daisy-type inflorescences, small foliage, compact freely branched pl
Pyrethrum is a contact poison. It quickly penetrates the nervous system of the mosquito. A few minutes after application, the insect cannot move or fly away. Most die immediately. A few might escape a knockdown dose and fly out of the perimeter of the misting system. They will wander around disoriented. This is a result of the effect that even a small exposure of pyrethrum has on the mosquitos nervous system. Even with minor exposure, the disoriented mosquito will forget to eat and therefore die of starvation. The mosquito problem brings with it possible exposure to a host of diseases. Much has been reported about the insect as the logical transmitter of the West Nile Virus, which according to the Centers for Disease Control, has 9858 cases nationwide in 2003 256 of which were fatal. But mosquitoes also carry the infective stage of the canine and feline heartworms. Heartworms can significantly shorten the life of a dog, often to the point of death.. ...
Hi Sammy, I dont know about frugal, it is never easy getting rid of fleas. Do you know someone who has one of those steam cleaner things for carpets and curtains, the heat of the steam kills fleas in the carpet and other places. Johnsons do a spray based on natural pyrethrum which is an efficient killer but degrades quite quickly, I think they do one for the dog and one for the home so you could spray when the kids are at school if you go that route. The only time my dogs have ever had fleas was when I moved into a house where cats had lived, I found a lot living in the hot press so I sprayed that and managed to get rid of them. I used a garden version of pyrethrum because it was cheaper and I couldnt see how much damage it could do to my place, it was the garden friends or something, you mix it with water and put it in a spray bottle, no damage done to anything, but then I never have anything other than shabby chic (more shabby than chic though), went through the place with the windows wide ...
Hi Sammy, I dont know about frugal, it is never easy getting rid of fleas. Do you know someone who has one of those steam cleaner things for carpets and curtains, the heat of the steam kills fleas in the carpet and other places. Johnsons do a spray based on natural pyrethrum which is an efficient killer but degrades quite quickly, I think they do one for the dog and one for the home so you could spray when the kids are at school if you go that route. The only time my dogs have ever had fleas was when I moved into a house where cats had lived, I found a lot living in the hot press so I sprayed that and managed to get rid of them. I used a garden version of pyrethrum because it was cheaper and I couldnt see how much damage it could do to my place, it was the garden friends or something, you mix it with water and put it in a spray bottle, no damage done to anything, but then I never have anything other than shabby chic (more shabby than chic though), went through the place with the windows wide ...
A recent study compared the effectiveness of a rotenone-pyrethrin mixture versus a synthetic pesticide, imidan. Rotenone and pyrethrin are two common organic pesticides; imidan is considered a soft synthetic pesticide (i.e., designed to have a brief lifetime after application, and other traits that minimize unwanted effects). It was found that up to 7 applications of the rotenone- pyrethrin mixture were required to obtain the level of protection provided by 2 applications of imidan ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Long-term Effects of Pyrethrin and Cyfluthrin, a Type II Synthetic Pyrethroid, Insecticide Applications on Bull Reproductive Parameters. AU - Stewart, J. L.. AU - Shipley, C. F.. AU - Ireland, F. A.. AU - Jarrell, V. L.. AU - Timlin, C. L.. AU - Shike, D. W.. AU - Felix, T. L.. PY - 2016/10/1. Y1 - 2016/10/1. N2 - The objectives of this study were to determine effects of cyfluthrin and pyrethrin spray products, used in combination with cyfluthrin topical and ear tag applications, on bull reproductive parameters over 18 weeks. Angus or Angus x Simmental bulls were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (i) no exposure to pyrethrins/cyfluthrin (CONT; n = 10), (ii) cyfluthrin ear tag and topical applications (ET; n = 10), or (iii) cyfluthrin ear tag, topical, premise spray and pyrethrin fog spray applications (ET+S; n = 8). Bull body weight was measured every 3 week, and body condition score and scrotal circumference were recorded on weeks 0, 9 and 18. Semen and serum ...
FEVERFEW: (Tanacetum parthenium or Pyrethrum parthenium or Chrysanthemum parthenium). Photographed in a wildflower garden in Beaver, PA, July 29, 2013.
... O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar aspectos biológicos de Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera, Thripidae), considerando que no Brasil quase nada se sabe sobre a fauna de tripes associada à cultura do morangueiro. Larvas recém-eclodidas foram individualizadas em placas de Petri contendo uma flor ou um folíolo de morangueiro, mantidas em câmaras climatizadas (25 ± 1 ºC; 60 ± 10% U.R.; fotofase de 12 horas) e observadas diariamente até a morte. A duração média do período de larva-adulto e a viabilidade não diferiram entre os insetos mantidos em flores (8,49 ± 0,18 e 68,52%) e folíolos (8,85 ± 0,15 e 75,47%). A fecundidade média diária e a total foram mais elevadas quando flores foram fornecidas como alimento (7,4 ± 0,69 e 70,0 ± 9,18 ovos/fêmea respectivamente), em comparação com folíolos (2,4 ± 0,35 e 8,5 ± 1,13 ovos/fêmea, ...
Managing Western Flower Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Lettuce and Green Peach Aphid and Cabbage Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Broccoli with Chemical Insecticides and the Entomopathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae)
0071]The pesticidal compositions and methods for using same are effective in the control of different species of invertebrate pests and it will be understood that the pests exemplified and evaluated in the working Examples herein is representative of such a wider variety. By way of example, but not limitation, the exemplary pesticidal compositions are also useful for control of pests such as fleas, flies, mosquitoes, noseeums, bees (such as yellow jackets), hornets and wasps, cockroaches including the American and German cockroach, termites, houseflies and silverleaf whiteflies (Besimsai argentifolii), leaf hoppers such as the grape or potato leafhoppers (Cicidellidae), cabbage looper (Lepidoptera), ants such as the pharaoh ant, argentine ant, carpenter ant and fire ant, stink or lygus bugs, leafminers (Liriomyza trifollii), western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) and sucking or chewing insects such as thrips and aphids such as melon aphids (Aphis gossypii), black bean aphids (Aphis ...
Meadow with flowering Corn chamomile (Anthemis arvensis), Corn marigold (Chrysanthemum segetum), Cornflowers (Centaurea cyanus) and Poppies (Papaver rhoeas) Norfolk, UK, June - Ernie Janes
There is an arising and concerning issue in the field of bacterial resistance, which is confirmed by the number of deaths associated with drug-resistant bacterial infections. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of antibiotics on Staphylococcus aureus non-resistant strain and strains resistant to cadmium or lead ions. Metal resistant strains were created by the gradual addition of 2 mM solution of metal ions (cadmium or lead) to the S. aureus culture. An increasing antimicrobial effect of ampicillin, streptomycin, penicillin and tetracycline (0, 10, 25, 50, 75, 150, 225 and 300 µM) on the resistant strains was observed using a method of growth curves. A significant growth inhibition (compared to control) of cadmium resistant cells was observed in the presence of all the four different antibiotics. On the other hand, the addition of streptomycin and ampicillin did not inhibit the growth of lead resistant strain. Other antibiotics were still toxic to the bacterial cells. Significant
Each type of mite responds to different treatments. Demodex mites require a special dip or topical application of amitraz. Flea and tick shampoos containing amitraz will be effective in controlling demodex. Dogs with Sarcoptes scabei mites need medical attention by a veterinarian. Special prescription shampoos help treat the infestation of sarcoptes scabei mites along with oral antibiotics to treat secondary infections. Treatment for ear mites involves treating the ears for infection, yeast overgrowth and killing of the mites. Flea and tick shampoos with pyrethrin may kill mites that run to other parts of the dogs body. Cheyletiella mite can also be treated with flea and tick shampoos containing pyrethrin. However, a veterinarian should always inspect your dog to treat for any bacterial infections resulting from these mites.. ...
... chrysanthemum (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.100.206.222 --- chrysanthemum cinerariifolium (wd , gwp gwe g , in it ...
Common names for Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium include: Pyrethrum Pyrethrum daisy Dalmatian pyrethrum Dalmatian chrysanthemum ... T. cinerariifolium is called the Dalmatian chrysanthemum, denoting its origin in that region of the Balkans (Dalmatia). It ... Pyrethrum is also the name of a natural insecticide made from the dried flower heads of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and ... Because chrysanthemums contain pyrethrums, they are used as companion plants to repel pest insects from nearby crops and ...
... made a fortune in the late 19th century by selling dried flower heads of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium as an ...
The pyrethrins are a class of organic compounds normally derived from Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium that have potent ... Another variety of Chrysanthemum used for the production of pyrethrins is the pyrethrum chrysanthemum. These flowers prefer to ... It is believed that the Chinese crushed chrysanthemum plants and used the powder as an insecticide as early as 1000 BC. It was ... The commercial cultivation of the Dalmatian chrysanthemum takes place at an altitude of 3000 to 6000 meters above sea level. ...
Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) (mosquitos) Pyrethrum (from Chrysanthemum species, particularly C. cinerariifolium and C. ...
... chalchingolicum Grubov *Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. *Chrysanthemum coccineum. *Chrysanthemum coreanum (H.Lév ... Flowers Chrysanthemum Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. *^ History of the Chrysanthemum. National Chrysanthemum ... The Chinese chrysanthemum meant cheerfulness, whereas the red chrysanthemum stood for "I Love", while the yellow chrysanthemum ... Chrysanthemums (/krɪˈsænθəməm/), sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the ...
... cinerariifolium Bar pleshti. *Chrysanthemum crassum (Kitam.) Kitam.. *Chrysanthemum glabriusculum (W. W. Sm.) ... Chrysanthemum është një grup i vogël i familjes Asteraceae. Chrysanthemum është kultivur së pari në Kinë si lule që nga ... Chrysanthemum në projektin Commons të Wikipedias. Lidhje të jashtme[redakto , redakto tekstin burimor]. *The National ... Marrë nga "https://sq.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chrysanthemum&oldid=1743151" ...
... cinerariifolium are chief sources of the insecticide. The active substances in pyrethrums are contact poisons for insects and ... pyrethrumChrysanthemum cinerariifolium, a type of pyrethrum, is used as an insecticide.. John Logan. ... plant/Chrysanthemum-cinerariifolium", "shareUrl": "https://www.britannica.com/plant/Chrysanthemum-cinerariifolium", "title": " ... coccineum and C. cinerariifolium are chief sources of the insecticide. The active substances in pyrethrums are contact poisons ...
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium: Cascina Bollate Nicotiana tabacum: Joachim Müllerchen. Planthoppers and rice panel (clockwise ... Farmers have been using naturally occurring compounds-such as pyrethrins from Chrysanthemum flowers or nicotine from tobacco- ...
Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Sch.Bip.. File:Koeh-035.jpg. Tanacetum coccineum (Willd.) Grierson [syn.: Chrysanthemum ... Tanacetum coccineum (Willd.) Grierson [syn.: Chrysanthemum roseum Web. & Mohr.]. File:Koeh-036.jpg. Tanacetum parthenium (L.) ...
Other members of the tansy family, like fever few(Tanacetum parthenium; aka Chrysanthemum parthemium) and the camphor plant ( ... Tanacetum balsamita; aka Chrysanthemum balsamita) might also work well. Our good friends at the BIRC in Berkeley California, ... aka Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium; aka Pryethumcinerariifolium) whose dried and powdered flower heads have been used to kill ... aka Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium; aka Pryethumcinerariifolium) whose dried and powdered flower heads have been used to kill ...
... "see note under Chrysanthemum). Insecticides are extracted from some species (e.g., Tanacetum (Pyrethrum) cinerariifolium). ... 1826; Chrysanthemum myconis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 1254. 1763; Myconia chrysanthemum Schultz Bipontinus; 鞐冣菅 qiao guan ju) ... 150 Chrysanthemum. +. Annual herbs; achenes dorsiventrally compressed, ribs 3-5, mainly adaxial, slender but distinct.. 171 ... 1844; Chrysanthemum frutescens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 887. 1753; Pyrethrum frutescens (Linnaeus) Willdenow; 朠茿蓄 mu tong hao), ...
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. (50) CHRY-14. Packet: $2.50. Click for photo » DALMATIAN PYRETHRUM. White inch-wide daisies ... CHRYSANTHEMUM (kri-SAN-the-mum). COMPOSITAE. A large genus of showy annuals and perennials. Many are remarkably free-flowering ...
Pyrethrins are the extracted active ingredients of the pyrethrum daisies Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and C. coccineum.. The ...
source of pesticides e.g. Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium *Source of genetic material for useful traits in crop improvement. ...
... chrysanthemum (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.100.206.222 --- chrysanthemum cinerariifolium (wd , gwp gwe g , in it ...
Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Asteraceae) Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Vis.; Pyrethrum cinerariifolium Trevir.. herb. ...
In particular, the Dalmatian chrysanthemum, or Tanacetum cinerariifolium, is an important source of the natural botanical ... the ancient Chinese name for chrysanthemum, as a flowering herb. During the 8th century ace. , the chrysanthemum appeared in ... Perhaps because chrysanthemums bloom well into the autumn and come in an array of colors and varieties, these hardy flowers ... These chrysanthemums were almost certainly cultivated in the artists own legendary gardens at Giverny. During the past 33 ...
Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium extract from open and mature flowers of Tanacetum cinerariifolium obtained with supercritical ... Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium extract from open and mature flowers of Tanacetum cinerariifolium obtained with supercritical ...
Common names for Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium include: Pyrethrum Pyrethrum daisy Dalmatian pyrethrum Dalmatian chrysanthemum ... T. cinerariifolium is called the Dalmatian chrysanthemum, denoting its origin in that region of the Balkans (Dalmatia). It ... Pyrethrum is also the name of a natural insecticide made from the dried flower heads of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and ... Because chrysanthemums contain pyrethrums, they are used as companion plants to repel pest insects from nearby crops and ...
Pyrethrin, extracted from Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, is an especially effective insecticide. It is a member of the ...
Scientific name: Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, C. coccineum, C. marshalli, Tanacetum cinerariifolium. Pyrethrum flower ... Pyrethrum is a natural insecticide derived from 100% African Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium flowers, but also in C. coccineum ... Pyrethrins are the six constituent compounds with insecticidal properties that occur in these Chrysanthemum species. The ...
Pyrethrum, extracted from the flowers of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, was the poster child of low-toxicity natural pesticides ...
Research on the Antioxidase Activities of Tetraploid Lines and Diploid Control Line of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. LIU Zhen ...
Research on Pollen Grains of Tetraploid Lines and Diploid Control Line of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium (Trev.) Vis.. LIU Zhen ... Common Methods of Cell Chromosome Ploidy Identification for Chrysanthemum and Its Application in Breeding. WANG Rong-bang et al ...
Pyrethrin is the most popular natural bioinsecticide and originates from Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and C coccineum flowers ...
... synthetic compound whose structure is inspired from those present in the flower head of the plant Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium ...
Pyrethrum is also the name of a natural insecticide made from the dried flower heads of C. cinerariifolium and C... ... Pyrethrum refers to several Old World plants of the genus Chrysanthemum which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy ...
One chemical that is found in pot marigolds, however, and in some chrysanthemums (mainly Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium and C. ... Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium), sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and tansy (Tanacetum vulgare). However, contrary to popular ...
It was a member of the aster family, Tanacetum cinerariifolium, and certainly didnt look like a killer. With two rows of ... Ueyama called the plant jyochūgiku (which Ill translate with a little liberty as "bug-banishing chrysanthemum") and built a ...
Tanacetum cinerariifolium Sch.Bip.. (syns Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Vis., Pyrethrum cinerariifolium Trevir.). Pyrethrum. ... syns Chrysanthemum coccineum Willd., Chrysanthemum roseum Parsa, Pyrethrum roseum M.Bieb.). Pyrethrum. ... syns Chrysanthemum carneum Steud., Pyrethrum carneum M.Bieb.). Pyrethrum. Persian insect powder is obtained from these taxa ( ... syns Chrysanthemum parthenium Bernh., Matricaria parthenium L.). Feverfew. The strong sensitising properties of this species ...
Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium extract other than extract from open and mature flowers of Tanacetum cinerariifolium obtained ... with hydrocarbon solvents or extract from open and mature flowers of Tanacetum cinerariifolium obtained with supercritical ...
  • Perhaps because chrysanthemums bloom well into the autumn and come in an array of colors and varieties, these hardy flowers have inspired poets, writers, and artists for millennia. (cdc.gov)
  • In discussing the Chrysanthemum series, House noted that "The flowers fill the canvas, with no explicit spatial context. (cdc.gov)
  • The way the flowers were grown and shaped also developed, and chrysanthemum culture flourished. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those images, along with writings from that time, reveal that the Chinese have long cultivated chu , the ancient Chinese name for chrysanthemum, as a flowering herb. (cdc.gov)
  • Chrysanthemums were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb as far back as the 15th century BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chrysanthemums, also known as 'mums', are one of the prettiest varieties of perennials that start blooming early in the autumn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ueyama called the plant jyochūgiku (which I'll translate with a little liberty as "bug-banishing chrysanthemum") and built a business that is still a leader in pest control today. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • patients younger than 7 years at the plant Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. (secureserver.net)
  • This flower has unusual significance for the Japanese, who adopted a single flowered chrysanthemum-a 16-floret variety called ichimonjiginu -as the crest and official seal of their Emperor and celebrate chrysanthemums in an annual Festival of Happiness. (cdc.gov)
  • Preliminary laboratory studies suggest that chrysanthemum may be beneficial for the treatment of gout (food inflammation) and may alter immune function. (dodsonshealthfood.com)
  • During Monet's lifetime, chrysanthemums were relative newcomers to Europe, having not been introduced to the Western world until the 17th century. (cdc.gov)
  • Chrysanthemum cultivation began in Japan during the Nara and Heian periods (early 8th to late 12th centuries), and gained popularity in the Edo period (early 17th to late 19th century). (wikipedia.org)