Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
Hospitals which provide care to patients with long-term illnesses.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Knowledge of the nature of man. A spiritual and mystical doctrine that grew out of theosophy and derives mainly from the philosophy of Rudolph Steiner, Austrian social philosopher (1861-1925). (Webster, 3d ed)
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.
Forms of hepcidin, a cationic amphipathic peptide synthesized in the liver as a prepropeptide which is first processed into prohepcidin and then into the biologically active hepcidin forms, including in human the 20-, 22-, and 25-amino acid residue peptide forms. Hepcidin acts as a homeostatic regulators of iron metabolism and also possesses antimicrobial activity.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. Since in the United States most drugs are dispensed as single-agent formulations, polypharmacy, though using many drugs administered to the same patient, must be differentiated from DRUG COMBINATIONS, single preparations containing two or more drugs as a fixed dose, and from DRUG THERAPY, COMBINATION, two or more drugs administered separately for a combined effect. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
All deaths reported in a given population.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Evidence-based nursing, midwifery and healthcare grounded in research and scholarship. Practitioners include nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
The status of health in urban populations.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
The primary responsibility of one nurse for the planning, evaluation, and care of a patient throughout the course of illness, convalescence, and recovery.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
The status of health in rural populations.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Components of the usual diet that may provide health benefits beyond basic nutrients. Examples of functional foods include soy, nuts, chocolate, and cranberries (From NCCAM Backgrounder, March 2004, p3).
A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
Generating, planning, organizing, and administering medical and nursing care and services for patients.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Diseases of viral origin, characterized by incubation periods of months to years, insidious onset of clinical manifestations, and protracted clinical course. Though the disease process is protracted, viral multiplication may not be unusually slow. Conventional viruses produce slow virus diseases such as SUBACUTE SCLEROSING PANENCEPHALITIS, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY, PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL), and AIDS. Diseases produced by unconventional agents were originally considered part of this group. They are now called PRION DISEASES.
An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.
A condition of low alertness or cognitive impairment, usually associated with prolonged mental activities or stress.
Planning, organizing, and administering activities in an office.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.

Rational sequence of tests for pancreatic function. (1/24046)

Of 144 patients with suspected pancreatic disease in whom a 75Se-selenomethionine scan was performed, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) was successful in 108 (75%). The final diagnosis is known in 100 patients and has been compared with scan and ERP findings. A normal scan reliably indicated a normal pancreas, but the scan was falsely abnormal in 30%. ERP distinguished between carcinoma and chronic pancreatitis in 84% of cases but was falsely normal in five patients with pancreatic disease. In extrahepatic biliary disease both tests tended to give falsely abnormal results. A sequence of tests to provide a rapid and reliable assessment of pancreatic function should be a radio-isotope scan, followed by ERP if the results of the scan are abnormal, and a Lundh test if the scan is abnormal but the findings on ERP are normal.  (+info)

Enhanced Th1 activity and development of chronic enterocolitis in mice devoid of Stat3 in macrophages and neutrophils. (2/24046)

We have generated mice with a cell type-specific disruption of the Stat3 gene in macrophages and neutrophils. The mutant mice are highly susceptible to endotoxin shock with increased production of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF alpha, IL-1, IFN gamma, and IL-6. Endotoxin-induced production of inflammatory cytokines is augmented because the suppressive effects of IL-10 on inflammatory cytokine production from macrophages and neutrophils are completely abolished. The mice show a polarized immune response toward the Th1 type and develop chronic enterocolitis with age. Taken together, Stat3 plays a critical role in deactivation of macrophages and neutrophils mainly exerted by IL-10.  (+info)

Reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileoanal pouches. (3/24046)

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review was performed to determine the results after surgical reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileal pouch-anal procedures for ulcerative colitis and familial colonic polyposis at a university medical center. METHODS: During the 20-year period from 1978 to 1998, 601 patients underwent colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, familial colonic polyposis, or Hirschsprung's disease. A J pouch was used for 351 patients, a lateral pouch for 221, an S pouch for 6, and a straight pull-through for 23. Acute complications after pouch construction have been detailed in previous publications and are not included in this study. Chronic pouch stasis with diarrhea, frequency, urgency, and soiling gradually became more severe in 164 patients (27.3%), associated with pouch enlargement, an elongated efferent limb, and obstruction to pouch outflow, largely related to the pouch configuration used during the authors' early clinical experience. These patients were sufficiently symptomatic to be considered for reconstruction (mean 68 months after IPAA). Transanal resection of an elongated IPAA spout was performed on 58 patients; abdominoperineal mobilization of the pouch with resection and tapering of the lower end (AP reconstruction) and ileoanal anastomosis on 83; pouch removal and new pouch construction on 7; and conversion of a straight pull-through to a pouch on 16. RESULTS: Good long-term results (mean 7.7 years) with improvement in symptoms occurred in 98% of transanal resections, 91.5% of AP reconstructions, 86% of new pouch constructions, and 100% of conversions of a straight pull-through to a pouch. The average number of bowel movements per 24 hours at 6 months was 4.8. Complications occurred in 11.6% of reconstructed patients. Five of the 164 patients (3.1%) required eventual pouch removal and permanent ileostomy. The high rate of pouch revision in this series of patients undergoing IPAA is due to a policy of aggressive correction when patients do not experience an optimal functional result, or have a progressive worsening of their status. CONCLUSIONS: Although occasionally a major undertaking, reconstruction of ileoanal pouches with progressive dysfunction due to large size or a long efferent limb has resulted in marked improvement in intestinal function in >93% of patients and has reduced the need for late pouch removal.  (+info)

Risk of major liver resection in patients with underlying chronic liver disease: a reappraisal. (4/24046)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation of patient age, status of liver parenchyma, presence of markers of active hepatitis, and blood loss to subsequent death and complications in patients undergoing a similar major hepatectomy for the same disease using a standardized technique. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Major liver resection carries a high risk of postoperative liver failure in patients with chronic liver disease. However, this underlying liver disease may comprise a wide range of pathologic changes that have, in the past, not been well defined. METHODS: The nontumorous liver of 55 patients undergoing a right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma was classified according to a semiquantitative grading of fibrosis. The authors analyzed the influence of this pathologic feature and of other preoperative variables on the risk of postoperative death and complications. RESULTS: Serum bilirubin and prothrombin time increased on postoperative day 1, and their speed of recovery was influenced by the severity of fibrosis. Incidence of death from liver failure was 32% in patients with grade 4 fibrosis (cirrhosis) and 0% in patients with grade 0 to 3 fibrosis. The preoperative serum aspartate transaminase (ASAT) level ranged from 68 to 207 IU/l in patients with cirrhosis who died, compared with 20 to 62 in patients with cirrhosis who survived. CONCLUSION: A major liver resection such as a right hepatectomy may be safely performed in patients with underlying liver disease, provided no additional risk factors are present. Patients with a preoperative increase in ASAT should undergo a liver biopsy to rule out the presence of grade 4 fibrosis, which should contraindicate this resection.  (+info)

In vitro induction of activation-induced cell death in lymphocytes from chronic periodontal lesions by exogenous Fas ligand. (5/24046)

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease which gradually destroys the supporting tissues of the teeth, leading to tooth loss in adults. The lesions are characterized by a persistence of inflammatory cells in gingival and periodontal connective tissues. To understand what mechanisms are involved in the establishment of chronic lesions, we hypothesized that infiltrating lymphocytes might be resistant to apoptosis. However, both Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL were weakly detected in lymphocytes from the lesions, compared with those from peripheral blood, suggesting that these cells are susceptible to apoptosis. Nevertheless, very few apoptotic cells were observed in tissue sections from the lesions. Lymphocytes from the lesions expressed mRNA encoding Fas, whereas Fas-ligand mRNA was very weakly expressed in lymphocytes from the lesions and in periodontal tissues. Since the results indicated that lymphocytes in the lesions might be susceptible to Fas-mediated apoptosis but lack the death signal, we next investigated if these lymphocytes actually undergo apoptosis by the addition of anti-Fas antibodies in vitro. Fas-positive lymphocytes from the lesions underwent apoptosis by these antibodies, but Fas-negative lymphocytes and Fas-positive peripheral lymphocytes did not undergo apoptosis by these antibodies. These results indicate that lymphocytes in the lesions are susceptible to activation-induced cell death and are induced to die by apoptosis after the addition of exogenous Fas ligand.  (+info)

The sialylation of bronchial mucins secreted by patients suffering from cystic fibrosis or from chronic bronchitis is related to the severity of airway infection. (6/24046)

Bronchial mucins were purified from the sputum of 14 patients suffering from cystic fibrosis and 24 patients suffering from chronic bronchitis, using two CsBr density-gradient centrifugations. The presence of DNA in each secretion was used as an index to estimate the severity of infection and allowed to subdivide the mucins into four groups corresponding to infected or noninfected patients with cystic fibrosis, and to infected or noninfected patients with chronic bronchitis. All infected patients suffering from cystic fibrosis were colonized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. As already observed, the mucins from the patients with cystic fibrosis had a higher sulfate content than the mucins from the patients with chronic bronchitis. However, there was a striking increase in the sialic acid content of the mucins secreted by severely infected patients as compared to noninfected patients. Thirty-six bronchial mucins out of 38 contained the sialyl-Lewis x epitope which was even expressed by subjects phenotyped as Lewis negative, indicating that at least one alpha1,3 fucosyltransferase different from the Lewis enzyme was involved in the biosynthesis of this epitope. Finally, the sialyl-Lewis x determinant was also overexpressed in the mucins from severely infected patients. Altogether these differences in the glycosylation process of mucins from infected and noninfected patients suggest that bacterial infection influences the expression of sialyltransferases and alpha1,3 fucosyltransferases in the human bronchial mucosa.  (+info)

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy and quality of life. (7/24046)

The quality of life (QOL) of 79 people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes and 37 non-diabetic controls was assessed using the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). The NHP consists of six domains assessing energy, sleep, pain, physical mobility, emotional reactions and social isolation. Symptomatic diabetic neuropathy was present in 41 of the patients. The neuropathy patients had significantly higher scores (impaired QOL) in 5/6 NHP domains than either the other diabetic patients (p < 0.01) or the non-diabetic (p < 0.001) controls. These were: emotional reaction, energy, pain, physical mobility and sleep. The diabetic patients without neuropathy also had significantly impaired QOL for 4/6 NHP domains compared with the non-diabetic control group (p < 0.05) (energy, pain, physical mobility and sleep). This quantification of the detrimental effect on QOL of diabetes, and in particular of chronic symptomatic peripheral diabetic neuropathy, emphasizes the need for further research into effective management of these patients.  (+info)

Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older. (8/24046)

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)

Racial/ethnic differences in health are evident among men. Previous work suggests associations between mental and physical health but few studies have examined how mood/anxiety disorders and chronic physical health conditions covary by age, race, and ethnicity among men. Using data from 1,277 African American, 629 Caribbean Black, and 371 non-Hispanic White men from the National Survey of American Life, we examined associations between race/ethnicity and experiencing one or more chronic physical health conditions in logistic regression models stratified by age and 12-month mood/anxiety disorder status. Among men ,45 years without mood/anxiety disorders, Caribbean Blacks had lower odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Among men aged 45+ years with mood/anxiety disorders, African Americans had greater odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Future studies should explore the underlying causes of such variation and how studying mental and chronic physical health ...
Excellencies, honourable ministers, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,. The rise of chronic noncommunicable diseases presents public health with an enormous challenge. For some countries, it is no exaggeration to describe the situation as an impending disaster. I mean a disaster for health, for society, and most of all for national economies.. We must not forget that the same so-called modernization that contributes to the rise of these diseases is being accompanied by a growing need for chronic care of mental illness. The burdens are numerous.. I would further suggest that the challenge of combating chronic diseases has some unprecedented dimensions.. For centuries, the microbial world has been the biggest threat to public health. Then came the vaccines, the miracle cures, and the gradual improvements in standards of living and hygiene that helped eliminate the diseases of filth. These were public health matters. This was our domain. This was our job, and we got quite some ...
Background Considering the high socioeconomic inequalities in Brazil related to occurrence of morbidity and premature mortality, the objective of this study was to analyze inequalities in...
Diets link environmental and human health. Rising incomes and urbanization are driving a global dietary transition in which traditional diets are replaced by diets higher in refined sugars, refined fats, oils and meats. By 2050 these dietary trends, if unchecked, would be a major contributor to an estimated 80 per cent increase in global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions from food production and to global land clearing. Moreover, these dietary shifts are greatly increasing the incidence of type II diabetes, coronary heart disease and other chronic non-communicable diseases that lower global life expectancies. Alternative diets that offer substantial health benefits could, if widely adopted, reduce global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, reduce land clearing and resultant species extinctions, and help prevent such diet-related chronic non-communicable diseases. The implementation of dietary solutions to the tightly linked diet-environment-health trilemma is a global challenge, and opportunity,
The Global Week for Action on NCDs (non-communicable diseases) 2020 starts today. A week to keep up momentum for action on chronic disease prevention and control at a pivotal time for the European Union: as pandemic recovery plans are defined and ongoing budget negotiations will frame public health efforts for the coming years.. The COVID-19 crisis reflects the impact of major chronic (non-communicable) diseases on our societies and the vulnerability of patients and healthcare systems. It shows that health issues are intertwined, and that we cannot respond to the pandemic - caused by a respiratory pathogen - without integrating prevention and control of chronic diseases in recovery plans (action #1). Innovative measures are needed to address their high and growing prevalence in Europe.. Taking a more strategic approach to disease prevention The various objectives of the EU Green Deal, Europes Beating Cancer Plan, Farm to Fork strategy etc are welcome and will likely bring tangible results in ...
By acting now on chronic noncommunicable diseases, the European Commission is to do something, something else can reach it, ? transcends make that European citizens healthier and Europe more productive, said Susanne L gstrup.. The most chronic diseases are addressed by the Alliance treatable, if not always curable. Four major risk factors - tobacco, poor diet, alcohol and lack of physical activity - account for most chronic illness and death in Europe. Through the provision of evidence-based recommendations for population-based interventions, the Chronic Disease Alliance aims for health gains across the spectrum of diseases covered by the covered by the members. In addition members of the Chronic Disease Alliance have the challenge of chronic noncommunicable diseases firmly adopted the agenda of the European Union and the 27 Member States shall lay We need to communicate effectively to our political leaders in Europe that unless they take seriously the urgent need to prevent this serious ...
Lim, Leslie, Jin, Ai-Zhen, Ng, Tze-Pin (2012-07-01). Anxiety and depression, chronic physical conditions, and quality of life in an urban population sample study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 47 (7) : 1047-1053. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-011-0420- ...
The mandate of Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control (CCDPC) is to provide strategic leadership in the development and implementation of integrated chronic disease prevention and control strategies. The group must also work with relevant stakeholders at national and international levels to ensure an integrated approach to chronic disease prevention and control. The CCDPC is a World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Non-Communicable Disease Policy. It works with stakeholders at all levels to provide pan-Canadian and international leadership in chronic disease prevention and control through integrated policy and program development, surveillance, and knowledge development and dissemination. The organization focuses on knowledge development and dissemination, building and disseminating the evidence base on best practices and lessons learned to support chronic disease policies and programs. Their policy and program developments support initiatives that inform on comprehensive ...
Chronic diseases are the leading causes of death throughout the world. Globally, of the 58 million deaths in 2005, approximately 35 million was as a result of chronic diseases. Deaths from chronic diseases are expected to increase by 17% over the next 10 years from 35 million to 41 million. Only 20% of chronic disease deaths occur in high income countries- while 80% occur in low and middle income countries, where most of the world population lives (WHO 2005). Chronic diseases are responsible for seven out of every 10 deaths in the United States, killing more than 1.7 million Americans every year. Reports from the United States estimate that the population - attributable risk of physical inactivity is responsible for 12 % of type 2 diabetes and 22% of coronary heart disease as well as significant shares of other poor health conditions. The estimate on Indian population in 2005 reported that chronic diseases accounted for almost 53% of all deaths and 44% of disability - adjusted life years ...
Abbreviation: COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. * Residents could have more than one condition. Those with missing data were excluded.. In 2010, the 10 most common chronic conditions among persons living in residential care facilities were high blood pressure (57% of the residents), Alzheimers disease or other dementias (42%), heart disease (34%), depression (28%), arthritis (27%), osteoporosis (21%), diabetes (17%), COPD and allied conditions (15%), cancer (11%), and stroke (11%). The residents ranged in age from 18 to 106 years.. Source: National Survey of Residential Care Facilities, 2010. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsrcf/nsrcf_questionnaires.htm. Reported by: Christine Caffrey, PhD, [email protected], 301-458-4137; Manisha Sengupta, PhD; Eunice Park-Lee, PhD; and Lauren Harris-Kojetin, PhD. Alternate Text: The figure above shows the ten most common chronic conditions among persons living in residential care facilities in the United States, during 2010, according to the ...
The burden of chronic diseases is rapidly increasing worldwide. In 2005, at least 35 million people of all ages, nationalities, and socioeconomic levels died from heart disease, stroke, diabetes, respiratory disease, and other chronic diseases. It has been projected that, by 2020, chronic diseases will account for almost three-quarters of all deaths worldwide, and that 70% of deaths due to diabetes will occur in developing countries. A five years medical records on diabetes mellitus and hypertension diseases was reviewed by using longitudinal study design. A total of 3393 cases (1907 hypertension and 1486 diabetes mellitus disease) were observed. A total of four data collectors were assigned in the data collection process. The study was conducted by using the standardized data collection tool (checklist) developed by the investigators. Data was coded and entered into a data base and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Descriptive and chi-square test a technique with a confidence level of 95% was used to
Chronic conditions have been recognized by the World Health Organization as the primary worldwide disease-related cause of morbidity and premature mortality. The medical and public health systems of most countries have traditionally focused on acute and infectious ailments. However, the dramatic increase in the global prevalence of chronic illness has caused a slow but steady shift by public health and medicine toward prevention and management of chronic disease. As the means for primary prevention of most chronic conditions are unknown (an important exception being smoking and cancer), emphasis is generally given to secondary prevention; that is, the reduction in the extent of complications, deterioration of health status, and burden of disease. Several types of action are required in chronic disease control. One is the identification of, and intervention with, common factors known to exacerbate disease onset or management. Poverty, sedentary living, and poor diets are some examples of the most ...
Filipinos who sit more than 6 hours every day at risk of acquiring chronic diseases Studies have shown that up to 70 percent of people spend their working hours sitting more than six hours per day, unknowingly putting themselves at risk for developing chronic non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and hypertension. But lack of physical activity is not only occurring in the working population. According to Dr. Paul Quilino, Medical Affairs manager at Healthway Medical and wellness advocate, healthy sports and recreational activities are becoming less of the norm in our society regardless of gender and age. It is widely accepted that physical activity plays a critical role in keeping ones health and wellness in prime condition. In fact, Quilino stressed that an active lifestyle promotes proper growth and development of the bones and muscles, helps burn stored energy, keeps cardiovascular system in tiptop condition, and helps improve overall physical endurance and ...
Chronic diseases are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Within the next few decades, the burden of chronic disease will more than triple, with the greatest rises occurring in developing countries. However, the rapid growth of chronic diseases is not being met with a proportionate increase in global attention, with global health traditionally focusing on infectious disease and maternal and child health. This book is the first to synthesize the growing evidence-base surrounding the chronic disease, comprehensively addressing the prevention and control of chronic diseases from epidemiologic, economic, prevention/management, and governance perspectives. The book is written in five main parts; the first part of the book aims to understand the causes and consequences of chronic diseases on a global level. The second part of the book identifies approaches for preventing and managing chronic diseases while the third part of the book considers the power and politics in global health that have
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes are the leading cause of death worldwide [1], having comprised 60% of all deaths in 2005. Approximately 80% of NCD-attributable deaths are occurring in low and middle-income countries [2]. Furthermore, NCDs were responsible for nearly half of the burden (measured in disability-adjusted life years [DALYs]) of diseases in 2005, both worldwide and in low/middle-income countries [3]. The global prevalence of NCDs is increasing, with the majority of cases occurring in developing countries [4]. In this context, the Middle East is expected to bear one of the worlds greatest increases in the absolute burden of NCDs and their risk factors in the near future. Most of this increase is anticipated to affect the economically productive age of 45 to 64 years, in contrast to most developed countries in which the increase in chronic disease burden concerns mainly the ages above 65 years [5-7]. The increasing burden of NCDs is ...
Learn to be mindful while you eat and stop bad food habits that put on the pounds and create chronic health problems! Contact me here: [email protected] to reserve your spot in Intentional EatingNew classes begin every month ...
<p>Abdallah S. Daar speaks to SciDev.Net about the Grand Challenges in Chronic Non-communicable Diseases initiative.</p>
I am a Professor of Epidemiology and Global Health with the main research interest in the ageing population, disability, chronic non-communicable diseases, and surveillance of risk factors. More specifically, my research deals with health and well being among older people in Sweden (using the Linnaeus database within the Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research) and in low- and middle-income countries (using the WHO SAGE - Study on Adult Health and Ageing). I also focus on the epidemiology of chronic diseases and their risk factors in Sweden (within the interdisciplinary research Västerbotten Intervention Program, a community-based intervention program to reduce cardiovascular disease in Västerbotten County in Sweden since 90s) and in low- and middle-income countries (within the INDEPTH Network). I am currently involved in the following research projects: ...
There is a saying in Portuguese that goes: melhor prevenir que remediar, which means prevention is better than cure. Originating from the Latin praevenire (prae = before, venire = to come), prevention literally means to anticipate, to perceive in advance. In medicine, the great challenge of the public health programmes is precisely to prevent diseases or to diagnose them as early as possible. With the ageing of the world population, it is vital to create programmes for the prevention of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs), responsible for 63% of deaths in 2008. The majority of deaths from NCDs are attributed to diseases of the circulatory system, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases. The principal causes of those diseases include modifiable risk factors such as smoking, harmful alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and inadequate diet. Therefore, programmes for the prevention of these diseases must focus their actions on these aspects. In addition to the ...
INTRODUCTION. The implementation of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in Brazil is an attempt to reorganize primary care,22 improve access to health care and restore home as a setting for providing care.12,15 Home health care can reduce hospital costs and humanize health practices.1,5 Chronic non-communicable diseases associated with population aging can cause limitations with temporary or permanent functional disabilities.4 It is thus a challenge for managers and society to find alternative care strategies to meet specific demands of the elderly and their families.3,9. Despite discussions and the formulation of specific policies for the elderly, changes are still incipient.21 The release of guidelines for elderly primary care is an attempt to translate these theoretical discussions into health practices.4 Although some qualitative studies have explored home health care and hospital care at home,6,19 in the scope of population there remain gaps on factors associated with care of the elderly at ...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) that is the leading cause of death across the world. In developing nations, like Kenya, the prevalence of NCDs like CVD are on the rise. Hypertension is the major risk factor for CVD and can be influenced by various environmental risk factors, like physical inactivity, unhealthy diets, tobacco use, and alcohol use. Though these are known factors that can affect blood pressure in developed nations, research over the prevalence of essential hypertension (EH) in developing countries is low. In an area in southeast Kenya known as Kasigau, there is a high prevalence of EH in the population, with fifty-five percent having stage 1 or stage 2 hypertension. Six environmental risk factors have been shown to increase blood pressure in the population. By electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis, there is a prevalence of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH), a predictor of CVD, in the population as well.
Frequencies analysis and bivariable and multivariable analyses were performed to assess the association between the presence of multiple chronic conditions and CAM use. Each CAM therapy was analyzed in separate unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression models with a robust error variance that estimated the relative risk of CAM use, comparing participants with 1 and 2 or more chronic conditions with participants with no chronic conditions (the reference group). Bonferroni procedures (24) were used to account for multiple comparisons; the standard α level of 5% was divided by 17 (the total number of specific CAM therapies plus the CAM index) to create a corrected α level of .003. Data on chelation therapy was not shown because of the small sample size (n = 17). The relationship between the CAM index and multiple chronic conditions was determined by using a linear regression model adjusted for confounders. Confounders to be included in the final models were identified by using the minimally ...
DISCUSSION. Aging of the world population and the associated burden of disease create an opportunity to generate new knowledge designed to comprehend and attempt to reduce the burden of the disease, in this case of chronic non-communicable diseases.. The assessment and understanding of the comorbidities of the aging population affected by cardiovascular events are the basis for planning primary and secondary prevention strategies, improving patient care and rehabilitation, and ensuring that medical, interventional and/or surgical treatments yield the maximum expected benefits[11].. This study evaluated the impact of preoperative hypothyroidism on the outcomes of CABG in terms of mortality and morbidity. The objective was to determine whether the presence of this metabolic comorbidity increased the occurrence of death and complications, as has been observed in patients with metabolic syndrome and diabetes[12-14].. The patients in the study were similar to those reported in the American registries ...
References. 1. Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Azevedo e Silva G, Menezes AM, Monteiro CA, Barreto SM, et al. Chronic non-communicable diseases in Brazil: burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011;377:1949-61. [ Links ] 2. Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause 1990-2020: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet. 1997;349:1498-504. [ Links ] 3. Whiteford HA, Degenhardt L, Rehm J, Baxter AJ, Ferrari AJ, Erskine HE, et al. Global burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2013;382:1575-86. [ Links ] 4. Goldberg D, Goodyer I. The origins and course of common mental disorders. New York: Routledge; 2005. [ Links ] 5. Araya R, Rojas G, Fritsch R, Acuãa J, Lewis G. Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates. Br J Psychiatry. 2001;178:228-33. [ Links ] 6. Shamasundar C, Murthy SK, Prakash OM, Prabhakar N, Krishna DK. Psychiatric ...
Chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) incidence is rapidly escalating around the world and is the largest contributor to global mortality and morbidity. It is now well recognised that diet forms a cornerstone in the prevention and management of NCDs, and is perhaps the most effective, economical and sustainable approach for improving the health status of a population. Having trained in both nutrition and food science my research interests lie in the food science-nutrition interface and focuses on the impact of food, its composition, preparation and processing on human nutrition and health. I am particularly interested in looking at how modern foods and diets could be modified to optimise their health and nutritional effects in humans. The structural and compositional configuration of a food significantly determines its effects on health and nutrition. My work largely investigates how these two aspects could be managed to optimise the metabolic response to food. As a human Nutritionist ...
Olusoji Adeyi is Coordinator of Public Health Programs in the Human Development Network of the World Bank, where he leads a number of initiatives on global public health policies, strategies and global public goods. Dr. Adeyi is team leader for the integration of health systems and priority health, nutrition and population interventions. He manages an initiative to design the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm), based on a high-level global subsidy. He led the Task Force that developed the World Banks Global Strategy and Booster Program for malaria control. Dr. Adeyi is the lead author of Public policy and the challenge of chronic non-communicable diseases, and convener of the analytical work on the economic benefit of tuberculosis control. Dr. Adeyi has extensive experience in policies, strategies and programs for health systems, service delivery and disease control at the global, regional and country levels. He has led major initiatives and programs, including: the Health Reform ...
In a free-access article in todays Nature, Grand challenges in chronic non-communicable diseases a group of the great and the good in medical and clinical sphere (the Grand Challenges Global Partnership) outline their top 20 policy and research priorities for conditions such as diabetes, stroke and heart disease, that account for about 60 per cent of deaths worldwide, and affect people of all ages, nationalities and social classes. The authors write that the challenges they describe are intended to reduce the global epidemic of these diseases by making the case for worldwide debate, support and funding, and by guiding policy and research in an evidence-based manner to galvanize the health, science and public-policy communities into action. The 20 challenges themselves are outlined in this table, grouped into ways in which to raise public awareness; to strengthen legislation and policies; to modify risk factors; to engage businesses and communities; to reduce health impacts of poverty and
The global safety needles market is estimated to account for US$ 7,765.7 Mn in terms of value by the end of 2027.. Global Safety Needles Market: Drivers. Increasing prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases in geriatric population is expected to boost growth of the global safety needles market over the forecast period. For instance, according to the study, Cancer statistics for adults aged 85 years and older, 2019, published in ACS CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, in August 2019, in 2019, the projected number of cancer cases and deaths was 140,690 and 103,250 respectively, among adults aged 85 years and older in the U.S.. Global Safety Needles Market: Opportunities Concerns regarding disposal of contaminated needles and other medical waste is continuously increasing owing to possible hazards from needlestick and other injuries such as infections during encounters with such materials. The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act and implementation of OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard in ...
In most countries, non-communicable diseases have taken over infectious diseases as the most important causes of death. Many non-communicable diseases that were previously lethal diseases have become chronic, and this has changed the healthcare landscape in terms of treatment and prevention options. Currently, a large part of healthcare spending is targeted at curing and caring for the elderly, who have multiple chronic diseases. In this context prevention plays an important role as there are many risk factors amenable to prevention policies that are related to multiple chronic diseases.This article discusses the use of simulation modeling to better understand the relations between chronic diseases and their risk factors with the aim to inform health policy. Simulation modeling sheds light on important policy questions related to population aging and priority setting. The focus is on the modeling of multiple chronic diseases in the general population and how to consistently model the relations between
OBJECTIVES: Chronic non-communicable diseases related to excessive or unbalanced dietary intakes are on the rise among some Indigenous populations in Canada. Nutritional problems of Indigenous peoples arise in the transition from a traditional diet t
Among U.S. adults aged 18-64 years (unweighted n=25,458), having multiple chronic conditions reduced employment probability by 11%-29%. Some individual chronic conditions decreased employment probability. Among employed adults (unweighted n=16,096), having multiple chronic conditions increased the average number of work days missed due to injury/illness in the past year by 3-9 days ...
Two bottlenecks occur in the current debate on education for chronic diseases. On the one hand, education is often limited to informing rather than on self-management of the patients. Innovative systems of supportive, evidence-based educational interventions are created to provide better and more efficient self-management education services. Lack of social capacity, knowledge and awareness about the potential of these tools may explain why innovations - such as multimedia application - are not yet widely spread among health educators. On the other hand, there is a lack of evidence based research on the patients preference about the different formats of education (such as face-to-face meetings, follow-up by peers, use of m-tools, …). Research in this domain would be an added value for the development, implementation and further generation of new educational materials ...
More than 50% of women within their reproductive age have risks that make them more likely to develop a chronic disease. Common chronic diseases may include arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, respiratory illnesses or thyroid conditions. The leading risk factor for development of chronic diseases is obesity. Obesity can be targeted by disease management, eating nutritious foods and consistent physical activity. Remaining in a healthy weight range will decrease the risk of chronic disease.. Chronic disease reduction is significant for prenatal care. Controlling your chronic disease helps reduce the risk of extra stress on a developing child if you decide you would like to be pregnant in the future. Reducing this stress decreases birth defects and complications. Discuss with your doctor how safe each chronic disease management medication is for pregnancy. This toolkit is limited to a few common chronic diseases that have a large impact on personal health in ...
Background: Both coronary heart disease (CHD) and breast cancer (BC) are multifactorial diseases with complex aetiologies. Various research publications suggest that inflammation is the link between several chronic illnesses such as BC and CHD. Inflammation is influenced by several different lifestyle factors, such as excessive food intake, alcohol consumption, stress, smoking, exercise and fibre intake. The systemic effects of each of these lifestyles on CHD and BC have yet to be integrated. It also is unclear which of these factors has the largest impact on the different chronic diseases, as they are quantified in different units. However, it is known that blood glucose (BG) levels are directly linked to inflammation and, therefore, to CHD and BC. Aim: To develop a comprehensive model to account for the variety of systemic influences on CHD and BC, with an emphasis on lifestyles and the inflammatory state. The interconnected nature of the lifestyle effects and of inflammatory pathways ...
Internet Citation: Table 3a. Examples of Evaluation Measures for Self-management Support Programs for Common Chronic Conditions. Content last reviewed October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/ptmgmt/evaluation-table3a. ...
A stroke is high on the list of chronic disease related deaths in America. Although men are more likely to have a stroke at some point in their lives as...
Posted on Feb 19, 2016 in Events, Health and Wellness , 0 comments. Put your health first this year and join me for the important online conference, The Ultimate Health Summit for Women, February 22-26. As you may know, obesity, diabetes, heart disease and other chronic diseases are on the rise. Make a decision to put your health first this year and turn the tide on chronic disease. In The Ultimate Health Summit for Women, experts share exactly what you need to renew your mind, re-energize your body and rejoice in your health in 2016. Susan Holsapple has gathered together 20 Health Care Experts to share with you their insights, tips and advice on ways to.... Read More ...
Heart disease, stroke, thyroid, diabetes, arthritis, and Alzheimers - these chronic diseases are the most common and costly health problems in the United States. Whats worse, is these chronic issues are largely lifestyle diseases, meaning they are often influenced by our style of living, such as diet and exercise. More importantly, these chronic issues can be prevented by changing our daily habits.. Today, many Americans consume a diet high in refined sugar, carbohydrates and fat. This combination negatively affects our bodys blood sugar balance and ultimately causes inflammation. Along with lack of exercise, these diets underpin the development of many chronic diseases today. At Camarillo Functional Health, Dr. Michael Veselak focuses much of his work with chronic cases on decreasing inflammation in the body. In the majority of chronic cases, this inflammation is usually systemic, meaning the whole body is involved. Thus, Dr. Veselak uses a functional medicine approach when confronting ...
Five of the top ten causes of death in the US are chronic diseases. Chronic diseases are expensive to treat and can severely impact the quality of life of individuals. However, many of the behaviors directly responsible for chronic diseases can be changed.
Five of the top ten causes of death in the US are chronic diseases. Chronic diseases are expensive to treat and can severely impact the quality of life of individuals. However, many of the behaviors directly responsible for chronic diseases can be changed.
Introduction: Chronic diseases tend to increase with old age. Older people with chronic disease are commonly suffering from conditions which produce a multiplicity of symptoms and a decreased health-related quality of life. Nurses have a responsibility to prevent, ease or delay a negative outcome through symptom management, or assist in achieving an acceptable level of symptom relief.. Aim: The overall aim of the thesis was to describe different aspects of symptom burden from the perspective of community-dwelling people with chronic disease.. Methods: This thesis is based upon four papers that used both quantitative and qualitative data to describe different aspects of symptom burden, experienced by people with chronic diseases. Paper (I) is a cross-sectional study with 91 participants diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Papers (II and IV) are based upon secondary outcome data from a randomized controlled trial with 382 community-dwelling older people with multimorbidity. Paper ...
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In the United States, 87 percent of all deaths are due to noncommunicable diseases. Sixteen percent of the population smokes and 43 percent are physically inactive.
GENEVA (Reuters) - The worlds health ministers have agreed to try to cut premature deaths from chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and cancer by...
A recent Yale study reveals physicians are failing to treat tobacco use, despite the fact that it is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States and that smokers are important candidates for treatment interventions, including behavioral counseling and medication.. Analysis of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data from 2005 to 2007 showed that only 4.4% of tobacco users were prescribed medication during their visit, compared to 57.4% of hypertensive patients, 46.2% of diabetics, and 42.6% of patients with asthma. Results of the study, conducted with researchers at Harvard University, will be published in the August Issue of the American Journal of Public Health.. A compelling argument has been made that tobacco use should be reframed as a chronic disease and treated as other chronic conditions such as diabetes, said Dr. Steven L. Bernstein, associate professor of emergency medicine at Yale and lead author of the paper. Our study suggests that this has not ...
Chronic diseases -- such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, liver disease, cancer, and diabetes -- are all leading causes of disability and/or death in the United States. However, chronic diseases are both treatable and preventable. The Chronic Disease Research Groups (CDRG) mission is to improve the experiences and outcomes of patients and populations affected by chronic diseases, through high-quality research and analytics. CDRG has conducted studies in various therapeutic areas, including nephrology, transplantation, and oncology. In addition to the expertise of the clinicians on staff, as part of the Hennepin Healthcare System (HHS) we can call on clinical expertise from a wide range of therapeutic areas. Whether you bring a key opinion leader or require our expertise, we will evaluate our ability to work in any therapeutic area before contracting. ...
Presents environmental and policy approaches to supporting healthy food and active living environments, with a presentation by Prevention Institutes Larry Cohen that also focuses on preventing violence while reducing chronic disease risk factors. Hosted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with the assistance of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), this webinar aired in October 2009 to provide information to potential ARRA applicants.. ...
Biomedical agriculture (BMA) is a transdisciplinary approach and emerging field that engages agronomists and biomedical scientists in a program of discovery, dissemination, and training. The ultimate goal of BMA is to identify specific genotypes of a food crop which, alone and when combined with other food crops, form a dietary pattern that reduces chronic disease risk, that is, risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, and obesity. To achieve this goal, a systematic approach is required that investigates staple and specialty crop genotypes for bioactivity that translates into improved chronic disease biomarkers, alterations of which are associated with reduced disease risk. The primary mechanisms targeted for food-mediated disease risk reduction are altered glucose metabolism, chronic inflammation, excessive cellular oxidation, and/or chronic endotoxemia. The crop improvement process via BMA is tiered, establishing efficacy for chronic disease prevention in molecular, cellular, ...
In a follow-up of extremely low-birth-weight children, the rates of chronic health conditions overall, and asthma specifically, did not change between the ages of 8 and 14 years, although
This studys findings showed that diabetes care remained suboptimal among many patients with multiple chronic conditions and that patient outcomes varied by multimorbidity profile.
... Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... chronic airflow limitation, chronic obstructive lung disease, nonspecific chronic pulmonary disease, and diffuse obstructive ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. *Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at Curlie ... including chronic obstructive bronchopulmonary disease, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, chronic airflow obstruction, ...
... suggesting ongoing chronic inflammation. However, there is little evidence linking chronic Chikungunya virus disease and the ... Chronic disease[edit]. Observations during recent epidemics have suggested chikungunya may cause long-term symptoms following ... Markers of autoimmune or rheumatoid disease have not been found in people reporting chronic symptoms.[22][27] However, some ... The inflammation response during both the acute and chronic phase of the disease results in part from interactions between the ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. Main article: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary ... This disease is chronic and progressive, the damage to the lungs is irreversible and eventually fatal. COPD destroys the ... The accumulation of this tar could eventually lead to lung cancer, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.[5] ... You can be more prone to developing this infection if you have asthma, flu, heart disease, or cancer[8][dead link] ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), most commonly emphysema ... In 85% of cases it is due to asthma, pneumonia, cardiac ischemia, interstitial lung disease, congestive heart failure, chronic ... or chronic bronchitis, frequently have chronic shortness of breath and a chronic productive cough.[2] An acute exacerbation ... "Pulmonary rehabilitation following exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". The Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Antiasthmatics and medicines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[edit]. *Beclometasone. *Budesonide. *Budesonide/ ... Juvenile joint diseases[edit]. *Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)[note 90]. Notes[edit]. An α indicates the medicine is only on ... Medicines for diseases of joints[edit]. Medicines used to treat gout[edit]. *Allopurinol ... For treatment of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and acute invasive aspergillosis *^ For use in pregnant women and in second- ...
Chronic ear disease[edit]. This fairly common condition is often associated with continuous or intermittent drainage from the ... Patients with chronic ear infection where the drum and/or the small bones in the middle ear are damaged often have hearing loss ... and helps to reduce any problems caused by chronic ear infections or allergies. In patients with single-sided sensorineural ... A preliminary assessment of the impact on outpatients and cost when rehabilitating hearing in chronic suppurative otitis media ...
Anemia caused by chronic kidney disease[edit]. For patients who require dialysis or have chronic kidney disease, iron should be ... It is used in treating anemia resulting from chronic kidney disease and myelodysplasia, from the treatment of cancer ( ... Erythropoietin is also used to treat anemia in people with chronic kidney disease who are not on dialysis (those in Stage 3 or ... Neurological diseases[edit]. Erythropoietin has been hypothesized to be beneficial in treating certain neurological diseases ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)[edit]. *EMA/CHMP/483572/2012 Guideline on clinical investigation of medicinal ... 483572/2012 Guideline on clinical investigation of medicinal products in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... chronic or repeated intermittent use for longer than 6 months) of non-life-threatening diseases. ... products in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)[37]. Diabetes mellitus[edit]. *FDA: Evaluating ...
Chronic disease[edit]. A link has been suggested between chronic stress and cardiovascular disease.[38] Stress appears to play ... Effects of chronic stress[edit]. Main article: Chronic stress. Chronic stress is a term sometimes used to differentiate it from ... found that chronic stress associated with care giving for a person with Alzheimer's disease leads to delayed wound healing. ... Stress may also contribute to aging and chronic diseases in aging, such as depression and metabolic disorders.[7] ...
Chronic disease. People living with chronic conditions like HIV and diabetes are at higher risk for developing a mental ... Diabetic patients also have to deal with emotional stress trying to manage the disease. Conditions like heart disease, stroke, ... ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders, since 1949 part of the International Classification of Diseases produced by ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mental and behavioural diseases and disorders. ...
Acute disease. An acute disease is a short-lived disease, like the common cold.. Chronic disease. A chronic disease is one that ... Chronic disease disease that is a long-term issue (chronic). Congenital disease disease that is present at birth. It is often, ... Slowly progressive diseases are also chronic diseases; many are also degenerative diseases. The opposite of progressive disease ... It also sounds like it could imply secondary disease, but acquired disease can be primary disease.. Acute disease disease of a ...
Chronic disease[edit]. In long-established disease, adult worms lay eggs that can cause inflammatory reactions. The eggs ... The treatment objective is to cure the disease and to prevent the evolution of the acute to the chronic form of the disease. ... Central nervous system disease[edit]. Central nervous system lesions occur occasionally. Cerebral granulomatous disease may be ... Human disease caused by parasitic worms called schistosomes. This article is about the disease. For the organism, see ...
... and such common chronic systemic diseases as cardiovascular disease,[6] diabetes,[7][8] and osteoporosis.[9][10][11] ... "Preventing Chronic Disease. 6 (4): A128. PMC 2774642. PMID 19755004.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ... Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases." Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation; Geneva 2003. Retrieved ... These Board Certified Nutritionists typically specialize in obesity and chronic disease. In order to become board certified, ...
"Preventing Chronic Disease. 11. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140341. PMC 4264464. Retrieved February 27, 2019.. ... Excluded from entry in 1917 were not only convicted criminals, chronic alcoholics and people with contagious diseases, but also ... and people with contagious diseases.. 1917 Congressional Record, Vol. 63, Page 876 (5 February 1917). Uma A. Segal (August 14, ... low rates of many diseases, and higher than average life expectancy are also discussed as positive aspects of Asian Americans.[ ...
"Preventing Chronic Disease. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (USA). 11. doi:10.5888/ ... Cancer Research UK note that superfoods are often promoted as having an ability to prevent or cure diseases, including cancer; ... and disease". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56 (3): 627-9. doi:10.1021/jf071988k. PMID 18211023.. ... by the Journal of the American Medical Association and touted as a treatment for celiac disease.[34] Also, concerning possible ...
Chronic Respiratory Disease. 5 (2): 81-6. doi:10.1177/1479972307087190. PMID 18539721. Waugh, J. B.; Granger, W. M. (2004). "An ... "The clinical utility of long-term humidification therapy in chronic airway disease". Respiratory Medicine. 104 (4): 525-33. doi ... "High flow nasal cannula versus nasal CPAP for neonatal respiratory disease: A retrospective study". Journal of Perinatology. 27 ...
Chronic kidney disease[edit]. Main article: Chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can also develop slowly and, ... Acute disease is often reversible while chronic disease often is not.[5] With appropriate treatment many with chronic disease ... Chronic kidney disease[edit]. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has numerous causes. The most common causes of CKD are diabetes ... Acute-on-chronic kidney failure[edit]. Acute kidney injuries can be present on top of chronic kidney disease, a condition ...
Preventing Chronic Disease. 11. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140329.. *^ López-Caneda Eduardo; et al. (2013). "Effects of a persistent ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 6 January 2017.. ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests increasing the cost of alcohol or the excise taxes, restricting the ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a study in October 2011 that showed that in the United States ...
"Preventing Chronic Disease. 11: E229. doi:10.5888/pcd11.140202. PMC 4283359. PMID 25551184.. ... "Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 14 (2): 133-45. doi:10.3233/JAD-2008-14202. PMC 2670571. PMID 18560126.. ... report Prevention of cardiovascular disease declared that 40,000 cardiovascular disease deaths in 2006 were "mostly preventable ... Coronary artery disease[edit]. The primary health risk identified for trans fat consumption is an elevated risk of coronary ...
Chronic kidney disease. Cimino fistula Dialysis catheter placement. Chronic venous insufficiency. Endovenous laser treatment ... Arterial and venous disease treatment by angiography, stenting, and non-operative varicose vein treatment sclerotherapy, ... Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic ... The vascular surgeon is trained in the diagnosis and management of diseases affecting all parts of the vascular system except ...
... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), renal failure, and severe burns; patients who have "cachexia" in these disease settings ... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; burns, liver failure, etc., and the wasting Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (HMSN Type III). ... There are many diseases and conditions which cause a decrease in muscle mass, known as atrophy, including activity, as seen ... Muscle atrophy results from a co-morbidity of several common diseases, including cancer, AIDS, congestive heart failure, COPD ( ...
Alter it was only an auspicious beginning." McHenry Harris; Randall E. Harris (2013). Epidemiology of Chronic Disease. Jones & ... He remains at the NIH as a chief of the infectious diseases section and associate director of research in the department of ... Alter is the chief of the infectious disease section and the associate director for research of the Department of Transfusion ... chief of infectious diseases section at the department of transfusion medicine in the Clinical Center NIH from 12/72-present; ...
Chronic severe hepatic disease. *HIV infection in association with a last known CD4 count of ,50/mm3 ...
Harris, Randall E. (2013). Epidemiology of Chronic Disease. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 271. ISBN 9780763780470. .. ... Gallagher RP, Lee TK, Bajdik CD, Borugian M (2010). "Ultraviolet radiation". Chronic Diseases in Canada. 29 Suppl 1: 51-68. ... "WHO Disease and injury country estimates". World Health Organization. 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. ... Chronic non-healing wounds.[26] These are called Marjolin's ulcers based on their appearance, and can develop into squamous- ...
"Epidemiology of Chronic Disease. Jones & Bartlett. pp. 181-190. ISBN 978-0-7637-8047-0. . Archived from the original on 24 June ... of developing the disease,[99] slightly higher than the figure for the UK.[100] The disease is more common in men than women,[2 ... The disease is slightly more common in men than women, and in the United States is over 1.5 times more common in African ... Chronic pancreatitis appears to almost triple risk, and as with diabetes, new-onset pancreatitis may be a symptom of a tumor.[3 ...
It is a typical feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by ... "International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 3 (2): 193-204. doi:10.2147/COPD.S2639. PMC 2629965. PMID ... "International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 14: 921-928. doi:10.2147/COPD.S170581. PMC 6507121. PMID ... Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). pp. 6-17.. *^ Roversi, Sara; Corbetta, Lorenzo; Clini, Enrico (5 ...
Vieira, D. (n.d.). "Eccentric Cycle Exercise in Severe COPD: Feasibility of Application". Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ... Rooyackers, J. (n.d.). "Eccentric exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Rehabilitation ... Chronic patellar tendonitis[edit]. A condition that arises when the tendon and the tissues that surround it, become inflamed ... Add to these factors disease and cardiac and respiratory illness. Eccentric training enables the elderly, and those with the ...
... chronic kidney disease and kidney pain.[5] Or chronic glomerulonephritis which is a disease characterized by inflammation of ... Chronic kidney disease. *Kidney disease / renal artery stenosis - the normal physiological response to low blood pressure in ... Other well known causes include diseases of the kidney. This includes diseases such as polycystic kidney disease which is a ... It has many different causes including endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and tumors. It also can be a side effect of many ...
... is a chronic inflammatory and immune mediated disease that affects the skin, nails, hair, and mucous membranes.[1 ... Chronic graft-versus-host disease *The history of preceding hematopoietic cell transplant is helpful for diagnosis ... Autoimmune blistering diseases[edit]. Mucous membrane pemphigoid and other autoimmune blistering diseases may present with oral ... "Orphanet: Rare Diseases". Orphanet. Retrieved June 3, 2016.. *^ "Cicatricial Alopecia Research Foundation". www.carfintl.org. ...
Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease. 2015;6(5):273-285. doi:10.1177/2040622315590318. ... "Journal of Thoracic Disease. 7 (5): 930-937. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.04.45. PMC 4454847. PMID 26101651.. ... "Sleep and Disease Risk". Healthy Sleep. Harvard Medical School. 2007. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016.. ... A chronic sleep-restricted state adversely affects the brain and cognitive function.[1] However, in a subset of cases, sleep ...
Excess concentrations of bile acids in the colon are a cause of chronic diarrhea. It is commonly found when the ileum is ... particularly in primary sclerosing cholangitis and inflammatory bowel disease, with varying results partly related to dosage.[ ... "Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 215 (2): 383-396. doi:10.1084/jem. ... "The continuing importance of bile acids in liver and intestinal disease". Arch. Intern. Med. 159 (22): 2647-58. doi:10.1001/ ...
Mucosal-associated invariant T cells in autoimmunity, immune-mediated diseases and airways disease. Immunology. May 2016, 148 ( ... Progressive loss of memory T cell potential and commitment to exhaustion during chronic viral infection. Journal of Virology. ... Modulation of autoimmune diseases by interleukin (IL)-17 producing regulatory T helper (Th17) cells. The Indian Journal of ... Immunobiology: the immune system in health and disease 5th ed. New York: Garland Pub. 2001. ISBN 978-0-8153-3642-6. OCLC ...
... is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy.[10] This is partly due to a ... Diseases of the endocrine system (ICD-10 Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases - Endocrine diseases, E00- ... and the risk of chronic disease". The Journal of Nutrition. 140 (3): 437-45. doi:10.3945/jn.109.116327. PMID 20071652.. ... Diabetes was one of the first diseases described.[21] The importance of insulin in the disease was determined in the 1920s.[22] ...
Eric Dubois et al.: Effect of pollen traps on the relapse of chronic bee paralysis virus in honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies ... Borna Disease Virus, das Virus der Bornaschen Krankheit, mit Species Mammalian 1 orthobornavirus (Typus) u. a. ... D. Qian et al.: Extra small virus-like particles (XSV) and nodavirus associated with whitish muscle disease in the giant ...
... is an Ascomycete fungus that causes ash dieback, a chronic fungal disease of ash trees in Europe ... the disease was said to be peaking in Sweden and Denmark, and in a post-decline (or chronic) phase in Latvia and Lithuania.[9] ... The disease is often chronic but can be lethal.[17] It is particularly destructive of young ash plants, killing them within one ... A Lithuanian trial searching for disease-resistance resulted in the selection of fifty disease-resistant trees for the ...
That same year, suffering from a chronic heart condition, she moved to a small cottage on the grounds of the Motion Picture & ... Disease-related deaths in California. *Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract players. *20th-century American actresses ...
... and applications in chronic liver disease". Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012: 1-19. doi:10.1155/2012/837939. PMC ... while imbalance results in disease. Such disease-inducing imbalances can be adjusted and balanced using traditional herbs, ... A belief that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people cures similar symptoms in sick people.[n 8] ... Treatments for severe diseases such as cancer and HIV infection have well-known, significant side-effects. Even low-risk ...
... there he was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease.[376] In mid-1984, Office 131 was moved to a new base further into Cambodia, near ... his wife began showing early signs of the chronic paranoid schizophrenia she would later be diagnosed with.[152] ...
2009). «Association of genetic variants with chronic kidney disease in individuals with different lipid profiles». Int. J. Mol ... Rosenbloom J (1984). «Elastin: relation of protein and gene structure to disease». Lab. Invest. 51 (6): 605-23. PMID 6150137. ... 2010). «Genetic risk factors for hepatopulmonary syndrome in patients with advanced liver disease». Gastroenterology. 139 (1): ...
Volkow ND, Koob GF, McLellan AT (January 2016). "Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction". N. Engl. J ... Addiction: A term used to indicate the most severe, chronic stage of substance-use disorder, in which there is a substantial ... 2001). Immunobiology 5: The Immune System in Health and Disease. New York: Garland Pub., ISBN 0-8153-3642-X ... This type of sensitization has been suggested as a possible causal mechanism for chronic pain conditions. The changes of ...
... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and complications of devices, implants and grafts.[78] ... through the End Stage Renal Disease Program) people of all ages with end-stage renal disease. The Medicare Program provides a ...
2000). "Human genome search in celiac disease using gliadin cDNA as probe". J. Mol. Biol. 300 (5): 1155-1167. doi:10.1006/jmbi. ... selective effects of chronic ethanol consumption". J. Neurochem. 82 (1): 110-117. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.2002.00943.x. PMID ...
... vulgaris is a chronic skin disease of the pilosebaceous unit and develops due to blockages in the skin's hair follicles. ... This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... Disease Primers. 1: 15033. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.33. PMID 27227877.. *^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ...
Chronic liver disease-cirrhosis causes deficiency of factor II, VII, IX,& X ... U.S. Centers for Disease Control Published 2001-05-11.. *^ a b c Wackym,, James B. Snow,... P. Ashley (2009). Ballenger's ... Connective tissue disease. *Drugs-aspirin, fexofenadine, warfarin, clopidogrel, prasugrel, isotretinoin, desmopressin and ... Inflammatory reaction (e.g. acute respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis or environmental irritants) ...
List of systemic diseases with ocular manifestations. References[edit]. *^ a b c Matejcek, A; Goldman, RD (November 2013). " ... The disease incidence varies widely depending on the geographical location. The most extensive epidemiological survey on this ... "Red Book-Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 29th Edition. The American Academy of Pediatrics". Retrieved 2007-07- ... In addition to the incidence of this sight threatening infection they also investigated the time trends of the disease. ...
The disease presents in two very different forms: acute and chronic. Birds with chronic avian cholera, more common in domestic ... Once the disease is introduced to a flock, it will stay until culling. Chronic carriers can always lead to re-emerging of the ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Journal of Wildlife Disease. 42: 33-39. *^ Samuel et al. 2005. Avian Cholera in Waterfowl: The role of Lesser Snow Geese and ...
... and IgG4-related disease.[27] There is some evidence that it is ineffective in treating IgA-mediated autoimmune diseases.[28] ... Chronic fatigue syndrome[edit]. A potential use for rituximab was identified by two Norwegian doctors who were treating people ... Autoimmune diseases[edit]. Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised ... "Chronic Hepatitis After Hepatitis E Virus Infection in a Patient With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Taking Rituximab" (PDF). Retrieved ...
Inhaled corticosteroids (e.g., for treatment of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), are not intended to be ... or immunocompromising diseases. However, sometimes it can be chronic and intermittent, even lasting for many years. Chronicity ... It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... This refers to a group of rare syndromes characterized by chronic candidal lesions on the skin, in the mouth and on other ...
Blockade for diseases with a chronic immunological componentEdit. As increasingly documented, the SP-NK1R system induces or ... may not naturally subside in diseases marked by chronic inflammation (including cancer). The SP or its NK1R, as well as similar ... SP concentrations cannot yet be used to diagnose disease clinically or gauge disease severity. It is not yet known whether ... Microbial Toxins and Diarrhoeal Disease. Ciba Found. Symp. 112. pp. 139-54. doi:10.1002/9780470720936.ch8. PMID 2861068.. ...
... chronic granulomatous disease, Hodgkin's disease and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. More recently non-myeloablative, "mini ... Graft-versus-host disease[edit]. Main article: Graft-versus-host disease. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an inflammatory ... Chronic graft-versus-host disease may also develop after allogeneic transplant. It is the major source of late treatment- ... "in the absence of chronic treatment with disease-modifying agents".[66] References[edit]. *^ a b Felfly, H; Haddad, GG (2014 ...
Chronic fatigue syndromeEdit. Rituximab did not improve symptoms in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome in a trial published ... and IgG4-related disease.[27] There is some evidence that it is ineffective in treating IgA-mediated autoimmune diseases.[28] ... "Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 62 (90002): 55ii-59. doi:10.1136/ard.62.suppl_2.ii55. PMC 1766758. PMID 14532151.. ... Autoimmune diseasesEdit. Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised ...
This leads to a chronic inflammation of the liver and eventually alcoholic liver disease. ... Because ethanol is mostly metabolized and consumed by the liver, chronic excessive use can lead to fatty liver. ... "Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease ...
Human diseaseEdit. Kluyveromyces marxianus is not usually an agent of human disease, although infection in humans can occur in ... Mukherjee, A; Pramanik, S; Das, D; Roy, R; Therese, KL (2014). "Polymicrobial chronic endophthalmitis diagnosed by culture and ... an Emerging Pathogen in Patients with Oncohematological Diseases?". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 43 (5): 666-667. doi:10.1086/ ...
Mandel SJ, Brent GA, Larsen PR (September 1993). "Levothyroxine therapy in patients with thyroid disease". Annals of Internal ... "Levothyroxine treatment reduces thyroid size in children and adolescents with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis". The Journal of ... For older people (over 50 years old) and people with known or suspected ischemic heart disease, levothyroxine therapy should ... Levothyroxine is also used as interventional therapy in people with nodular thyroid disease or thyroid cancer to suppress ...
Lindvall O (2003). "Stem cells for cell therapy in Parkinson's disease". Pharmacol Res 47 (4): 279-87. PMID 12644384. ... "Application of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells in six patients with advanced chronic critical limb ischemia as a ... "Cell replacement therapy in neurological disease". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361 (1473): 1463-75. PMC 1664668. PMID ... "Stem-cell therapy shows promise for horse soft-tissue injury, disease". DVM Newsmagazine. Vaadatud 2013-10-21 ...
listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[4][5] The word "medicine" is ... These include treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, preventive care and health education for all ages and both sexes. ... Preventive medicine is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease. *Community health or public health is an ... Pathology as a medical specialty is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases and the morphologic, ...
The disease is most common in native laborers and in schoolchildren of the tropics and subtropics during the rainy season and ... Chronic ulcers involve larger area and may eventually develop into squamous epithelioma after 10 years or more. Skin color: ... In some of these countries, such as northern Papua New Guinea, it is the most common skin disease. It is also a frequent ... Once developed, the ulcer may become chronic and stable, but also it can run a destructive course with deep tissue invasion, ...
... chronic kidney disease, being small for gestational age at birth, Prader-Willi syndrome, Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome, or other ... It can also be due to one or more of many abnormal conditions, such as chronic (prolonged) growth hormone or thyroid hormone ... Chronic illnesses, malnutrition, endocrine, metabolic disorders or chromosomal anomalies are characterized by proportionate ... have worked to medicalize short stature by convincing the public that short stature is a disease rather than a natural ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease ... heart disease and other smoking related diseases") See also WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control; First international ... which include an increased risk of heart disease, cancer, emphysema, and other diseases. Laws implementing bans on indoor ... For example, one study listed on the website of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that New York's ...
1 in 5 Older Patients with Chronic Disease Report Health Care Discrimination. Blacks Most Likely to Name Race; Whites and ... Almost one in five older patients with a chronic disease reported experiencing health care discrimination of one type or ... Home > UCSF News Center > 1 in 5 Older Patients with Chronic Disease Report Health Care Discrimination ... lung disease, heart disease or stroke. Although the study included a representative national sample, it did not contain enough ...
"Chronic liver disease" refers to disease of the liver which lasts over a period of six months. It consists of a wide range of ... Chronic liver disease in the clinical context is a disease process of the liver that involves a process of progressive ... Chronic Liver Disease Causes, Symptoms And Treatment - 27/01/2007 Liver Disease Archived 2010-01-31 at the Wayback Machine. ... chronic myeloid leukaemias, myelofibrosis and metabolic abnormalities such as Gauchers disease and glycogen storage diseases. ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... chronic airflow limitation, chronic obstructive lung disease, nonspecific chronic pulmonary disease, and diffuse obstructive ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. *Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at Curlie ... including chronic obstructive bronchopulmonary disease, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, chronic airflow obstruction, ...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which affects people of all ages, can result in chronic renal failure, its most significant ... Chronic Kidney Disease in Children * Dermatologic Manifestations of Renal Disease * Dialysis Complications of Chronic Renal ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by usual industry, U ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Estimated prevalence by current industry, U.S. working adults, non-smokers aged 18 and ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) adjusted for age, sex, and race by NORA industrial ...
Chronic granulomatous disease is a disorder that causes the immune system to malfunction, resulting in a form of ... Genetic Testing Registry: Chronic granulomatous disease, X-linked *Genetic Testing Registry: Granulomatous disease, chronic, ... medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/chronic-granulomatous-disease/ Chronic granulomatous disease. ... Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM. *GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE, CHRONIC, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE, 1 ...
... in White-Tailed Deer Chronic wasting disease may have long-term negative effects on white-tailed deer, ... What causes chronic wasting disease? Chronic wasting disease is caused by a misfolded protein called a prion. All mammals ... What is chronic wasting disease? Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal, neurological illness occurring in North American ... Endemic chronic wasting disease causes mule deer population decline in Wyoming. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal ...
Learn about chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes which are the leading causes of death and disability ... homeNational Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. *About Chronic Diseasesplus icon *How You Can Prevent ... Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United ... Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit ...
... that certain rodents can be directly infected with CWD and therefore serve as animal models for further study of the disease. ... Chronic wasting disease (CWD), also known as mad cow disease in cattle and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in humans, is a ... What are the stages of Crohns disease? Crohns disease causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract. Although Crohns ... "Chronic Wasting Disease Transmissible Among Rodents." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 1 May. 2007. Web.. 20 Sep. 2018 ...
Primary care physicians are increasingly facing complex chronic diseases. Find out if they think digital health technology can ... Gum disease associated with kidney disease deaths A new study finds patients with kidney disease who also have periodontitis ... In the United States, around half of all adults have at least one chronic health condition, such as heart disease, stroke, ... Implementing best practice care for patients with chronic diseases is one of the greatest challenges currently facing primary ...
Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is an infectious, degenerative disease of animals in the family cervidae (elk, deer, and moose, ... Other disease may present in a similar manner so post mortem testing is required to verify disease.. Since its discovery in ... Unlike other infectious diseases, TSEs are not caused by bacteria or viruses, but rather by a naturally occurring protein, that ... Unfortunately, animals infected with CWD can transmit the disease to other animals during the "silent" incubation period. In ...
This Review considers the etiologies of malnutrition in the setting of chronic liver disease, methods used to assess ... In light of the high incidence of malnutrition among patients with chronic liver disease and the complications that result from ... Malnutrition is highly prevalent among patients with chronic liver disease and is nearly universal among patients awaiting ... Malnutrition is an increasingly recognized complication of chronic liver disease that has important prognostic implications. ...
Find out about the main treatments for chronic kidney disease (CKD), including lifestyle changes, medication, dialysis and ... Theres no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and stop it getting worse. ... National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE): treating anaemia in people with chronic kidney disease ... This is because some of the causes of kidney disease are the same as those for cardiovascular disease, including high blood ...
Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a contagious neurological disease that is fatal to cervids, including deer, elk, and moose. It ... This page, Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), is offered by * Division of Fisheries and Wildlife ... Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) Follow these special regulations related to the importation of deer species to Massachusetts in ... This page, Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), is part of * Hunting Deer in Massachusetts ...
You might not notice any problems if you have the early stages chronic kidney disease as most people dont have symptoms. ... What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Disease?. Articles OnUnderstanding Kidney Disease. Understanding Kidney Disease Understanding ... National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease: "What Is Chronic Kidney Disease?" and "Testing for Kidney ... A child with chronic kidney disease may also feel worn out and sleepier than usual, have less appetite than normal, and not be ...
... of European adults suffer from chronic disease (heart failure, cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, chronic kidney disease ... EU Summit on Chronic Diseases 2014. This first EU summit on chronic diseases discussed medical, social and economic benefits of ... WHO calls on private sector to finance costs of chronic diseases. SPECIAL REPORT / As the economic burden of chronic diseases ... Cardiovascular Diseases: Cholesterol - What Impact for Europe?. Chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases are ...
What is Chronic Wasting Disease?. CWD is a progressive, neurological, debilitating disease that belongs to a family of diseases ... Deer Disease Hotline: (866) 293-9282.. Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) has not been found in Florida. The Florida Fish and ... For additional information on Chronic Wasting Disease check out these sites:. USDA - Animal and Plant Health Inspection ... CWD is a fatal disease. Clinical signs appear 1.5 to 3 years after exposure. and include excessive salivation and grinding of ...
When someones kidneys have problems for a long time, doctors call it a chronic kidney disease. Childrens kidney problems may ... How Are Kidney Diseases Diagnosed?. Kidney problems are often not noticed at an early stage. As the illness progresses, someone ... The treatment for chronic kidney problems depends on the cause and how well the kidneys are working. It may include diet ... Kinds of Kidney Diseases. Like any complicated machine, not all kidneys work perfectly. ...
Chronic diseases and illnesses can cause financial stress, disability, and even death. According to the CDC, ... Chronic diseases are an urgent problem for Americans in many ways. ... Why do chronic diseases matter?. Chronic diseases are an urgent problem for Americans in many ways. Chronic diseases and ... What are chronic diseases?. A chronic disease is any condition not passed from person to person and that persists for long ...
Renal system disease - Chronic renal failure: The term uremia, though it is sometimes used as if it were interchangeable with ... As with acute renal failure, there are many conditions that can lead to chronic renal failure. The two most common causes are ... chronic renal failure, really means an increase in the concentration of urea in the blood. This can arise in many acute ... Chronic renal failure. The term uremia, though it is sometimes used as if it were interchangeable with chronic renal failure, ...
Preventing chronic diseases-a vital investment. Geneva, WHO, 2005. www.who.int/chp/chronic_disease_report/en/ (accessed 13Oct ... Process, rationale, and interventions of Pakistans national action plan on chronic diseases. Prev Chronic Dis 2006;3: A14. ... By 2020 this figure is expected to be 60%.1 Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and chronic lung disease account for two ... this might initiate the development of a regional and possibly global partnership on chronic disease. Infectious disease ...
Additional data focusing on how chronic disease and injury can impact the lives of Michigan residents. ... Other Chronic Disease & Injury Control Data. Other Chronic Disease and Injury Control Data. The Michigan Department of Health ... Other Chronic Diseases: Local-level data for selected chronic disease indicators can be found within the MDHHS Community ... Michigan Coordinated Chronic Disease and Health Promotion Indicators. A quick look at more than two dozen indicators that ...
... is when a person has chronic bronchitis or emphysema. They have shortness of breath, and often need medications and ... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is when a person has chronic ... "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease".. (COPD)-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD includes emphysema and chronic ... Chronic airway limitation (CAL), also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or chronic obstructive airway ...
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a vexing and dangerous complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation. ... Chronic graft-versus-host disease.. Lee SJ1, Vogelsang G, Flowers ME. ... Mild forms of chronic GVHD are often manageable with local or low-dose systemic immunosuppression and do not affect long-term ... It also provides a comprehensive listing of the published clinical trials aimed at prevention and primary treatment of chronic ...
BISMARCK, N.D. - The discovery of chronic wasting disease in deer in Montana means restrictions for North Dakota residents who ... Chronic Wasting means restrictions imposed for North Dakotans hunting in Montana. Blake Nicholson, Associated Press Published 5 ... Chronic Wasting means restrictions imposed for North Dakotans hunting in Montana. North Dakotas Game and Fish Department is ... Chronic Wasting means restrictions imposed for North Dakotans hunting in Montana North Dakotas Game and Fish Department is ...
When disease-associated prions contact normal prions, they cause them to refold into their own abnormal shape. These disease- ... Chronic wasting disease is caused by a misfolded protein called a prion. All mammals produce normal prions that are used by ... Center for Disease Control (CDC) Chronic Wasting Disease in Animals. *Center for Disease Control (CDC) Chronic Wasting Disease ... What causes chronic wasting disease?. Chronic wasting disease is caused by a misfolded protein called a prion. All mammals ...
  • Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is an emerging infectious disease that is fatal to free-ranging and captive animals in Cervidae, the deer family. (usgs.gov)
  • Since its initial identification in Colorado in captive mule deer in the late 1960s and free-ranging elk in the 1980s, chronic wasting disease (CWD) has affected captive and free-ranging cervids (members of the deer family) in about half the States in the United States, as well as Canada, South Korea, Norway, Finland, and Sweden , and continues to spread across North America through new and recurring outbreaks. (usgs.gov)
  • To learn more about Chronic Wasting Disease, see our fact sheet - Chronic Wasting Disease: Status, Science, and Management Support by the U.S. Geological Survey . (usgs.gov)
  • To learn more about the plan for assisting states, federal agencies, and tribes in managing chronic wasting disease in wild and captive cervids, see - Federal Plan for Assisting States, Federal Agencies, and Tribes 2002 . (usgs.gov)
  • Access up-to-date maps of the expanding distribution of chronic wasting disease . (usgs.gov)
  • Chronic wasting disease (CWD), also known as mad cow disease in cattle and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in humans, is a transmissible prion disease most commonly found in deer and elk. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 2007. Transmission and adaptation of chronic wasting disease to hamsters and transgenic mice: evidence for strains. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is an infectious, degenerative disease of animals in the family cervidae (elk, deer, and moose, etc.) that causes brain cells to die, ultimately leading to the death of the affected animal. (usda.gov)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a contagious neurological disease that is fatal to cervids, including deer, elk, and moose. (mass.gov)
  • It is illegal to import deer parts from states or provinces where Chronic Wasting Disease has been detected (see map below). (mass.gov)
  • To prevent the spread of chronic wasting disease (CWD) no live deer may be imported to Massachusetts for any purpose. (mass.gov)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) has not been found in Florida. (myfwc.com)
  • Symptoms include weight loss (hence the phrase "wasting disease"), listlessness, decreased interaction with other animals, excessive drinking and salivation, pacing, hyper-excitability and/ or acting "sleepy" or sluggish. (sourcewatch.org)
  • There was evidence, though, that all the hunters were exposed to elk from Colorado or Wyoming, possibly from areas where Chronic Wasting Disease is prevalent. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Two years later, study author Byron Caughey told one U.S. newspaper that "while the risk of people contracting infection from a Chronic Wasting Disease deer is probably low, 'it's not a risk I'd want to take. (sourcewatch.org)
  • State wildlife officials are responding after two deer harvested in southeastern Minnesota tested positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). (usatoday.com)
  • BISMARCK, N.D. - The discovery of chronic wasting disease in deer in Montana means restrictions for North Dakota residents who hunt deer and elk there. (greatfallstribune.com)
  • Chronic wasting disease is caused by a misfolded protein called a prion. (usgs.gov)
  • What are the visual signs of chronic wasting disease? (usgs.gov)
  • Chronic wasting disease (CWD) has an extended incubation period averaging 18-24 months between infection and the onset of noticeable signs. (usgs.gov)
  • Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal, neurological illness occurring in North American cervids (members of the deer family), including white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, and moose. (usgs.gov)
  • IntroductionChronic wasting disease (CWD) is the only transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, a class of invariably fatal neurodegenerative mammalian diseases associated with a misfolded cellular prion protein found in wild free-ranging animals. (usgs.gov)
  • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is focused on the development of early detection and effective response tools that promote an adaptive management approach to chronic wasting disease (CWD). (usgs.gov)
  • Hopkins, M.C., and Soileau, S.C., 2019, U.S. Geological Survey response to chronic wasting disease: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3034, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193034. (usgs.gov)
  • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) investigates chronic wasting disease (CWD) at multiple science centers and cooperative research units across the Nation and supports the management of CWD through science-based strategies. (usgs.gov)
  • Download a map of the chronic wasting disease sampling areas for the 2020-21 hunting season. (utah.gov)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a relatively rare transmissible disease that affects the nervous systems of deer, elk and moose. (utah.gov)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease has been detected in free-ranging and captive cervids in multiple states and Canadian provinces ( view a map ). (utah.gov)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease has been found in three different geographic areas within Utah ( view a map ). (utah.gov)
  • Chronic wasting disease was detected in a third in late 2003 when a mule deer doe taken in a depredation situation near Fountain Green tested positive. (utah.gov)
  • Chronic wasting disease is caused by small proteinaceous infectious particles called prions. (utah.gov)
  • We are comparing chronic wasting disease (CWD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) prions by seeding each prion into its native host recPrP (full-length bovine recPrP, or white tail deer recPrP) vs. into the heterologous species. (organicconsumers.org)
  • The content below has been tagged with the term "Chronic Wasting Disease. (fws.gov)
  • A white-tailed deer with Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD). (fws.gov)
  • The punishment sent an unmistakable message that law enforcement and conservation agencies take very seriously the threat chronic-wasting disease (CWD) poses to the South's deer and deer-hunting industry. (fws.gov)
  • After looking at more than 3,800 free-ranging deer in 2013 and 2014, the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission has not detected the fatal, untreatable wildlife affliction, chronic wasting disease, despite its presence in Virginia and other nearby states. (fws.gov)
  • Chronic Wasting Disease is a transmissible neurological disease of deer, elk, and related mammals, that causes a spongy deterioration of the animal's brain. (fws.gov)
  • Chronic wasting disease is genuine threat In response to The Star's series on deer farming, Don Davis, in his June 30 op-ed, dismissed Ryan Sabalow's reporting as a one-sided attack on the family farm. (app.com)
  • With a disease like chronic wasting disease, a single reckless incident may move disease and cause irreparable harm to the public's wildlife resources. (app.com)
  • While it is unfortunate to read that wild deer populations are currently declining in Colorado, it is inaccurate to point to chronic wasting disease (CWD) as a significant factor in the drop. (denverpost.com)
  • The Michigan Department of Natural Resources says it's in the beginning stages of their search for Chronic Wasting Disease. (wilx.com)
  • To date, chronic wasting disease has been found only in members of the deer family in North America. (wilx.com)
  • There is ongoing research to explore the possibility of transmission of chronic wasting disease to other species. (wilx.com)
  • Most cases of chronic wasting disease occur in adult animals. (wilx.com)
  • The most obvious and consistent clinical sign of chronic wasting disease is weight loss over time. (wilx.com)
  • The agent responsible for chronic wasting disease has not been completely characterized. (wilx.com)
  • The chronic wasting disease agent is smaller than most viral particles and does not evoke any detectable immune response or inflammatory reaction in the host animal. (wilx.com)
  • A major compound in soil organic matter degrades chronic wasting disease prions and decreases infectivity in mice, according to a study published November 29 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Judd Aiken of the University of Alberta, and colleagues. (eurekalert.org)
  • Chronic wasting disease is an environmentally transmissible, fatal prion disease affecting free-ranging deer, moose, elk and reindeer. (eurekalert.org)
  • Environmental prion contamination plays a major role in the increasing incidence of chronic wasting disease, with infectivity being released into the environment by decaying carcasses, or through shedding of biological fluids including urine, feces, and saliva. (eurekalert.org)
  • The transmission of chronic wasting disease involves soils as an environmental reservoir of infectivity. (eurekalert.org)
  • Aiken and colleagues tested the role of a major soil organic matter compound, humic acid, for its ability to bind chronic wasting disease prions and impact infectivity. (eurekalert.org)
  • The findings suggest that soil organic material degrades chronic wasting disease prions. (eurekalert.org)
  • Incubation of chronic wasting disease prions with high concentrations of humic acids decreased both the chronic wasting disease prion signal and infectivity in mice, whereas lower levels of humic acids did not significantly impact protein stability or infectivity. (eurekalert.org)
  • Also this research was funded from Genome Canada, the Alberta Prion Research Institute and Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, through Genome Alberta in support of the Systems Biology and Molecular Ecology of Chronic Wasting Disease project. (eurekalert.org)
  • Kristin Braziunas fills out paperwork while Paul Boehnlein prepares the young buck and doe shot by Braziunas for testing for chronic wasting disease at the sampling site behind the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources office in Fitchburg, Wis. (wpr.org)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] COPD is a progressive disease , meaning it typically worsens over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for different types of COPD. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] [24] While previously divided into emphysema and chronic bronchitis, emphysema is only a description of lung changes rather than a disease itself, and chronic bronchitis is simply a descriptor of symptoms that may or may not occur with COPD. (wikipedia.org)
  • [22] Chronic bronchitis can occur before the restricted airflow and thus COPD fully develops. (wikipedia.org)
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the same as adult-onset asthma. (medicinenet.com)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is comprised primarily of three related conditions: 1) chronic bronchitis, 2) chronic asthma, and 3) emphysema. (medicinenet.com)
  • Patients with COPD are often classified by the symptoms they are experiencing at the time of an increase of the symptoms of the disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • Dyspnea is a sign of serious disease of the airway, lungs, or heart, and is the most significant symptom of COPD. (medicinenet.com)
  • In addition to dyspnea (breathlessness) and cyanosis, other symptoms of COPD are wheezing, chronic cough, and frequent respiratory infections. (medicinenet.com)
  • It is possible to have both COPD and asthma, and the diseases share several characteristics. (medicinenet.com)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is when a person has chronic bronchitis or emphysema. (answers.com)
  • Asthma can also lead to COPD, as well as chronic bronchitis. (answers.com)
  • COPD)-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. (answers.com)
  • COPD (ICD010 J44) refers to a group of gradually developed lung diseases, characterised by tightness of the chest, coughing and (irreversibly) reduced lung function. (cbs.nl)
  • We recruited 985 patients with COPD but without hypoxemia or other serious disease, treated them in a standard fashion, and followed them closely for nearly 3 yr. (nih.gov)
  • books.google.com - This unique, single-source volume--the only comprehensive, first-line reference available on the subject-provides in-depth, up-to-date reviews of both the clinical and pathophysiological aspects of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (google.com)
  • Chronic diseases and conditions such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have long-lasting effects and costs and have prompted numerous health care reform efforts to target population health. (rand.org)
  • of mortality worldwide, COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is reported to account for more than three million deaths per year 1 and is estimated to rank fifth in disease burden in 20202. (bartleby.com)
  • The Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines updated their definition of COPD in 2006 as "a preventable and treatable disease with some significant extra-pulmonary effects that may contribute to the severity in individual patients. (bartleby.com)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease also known as COPD, is one of the third leading cause of death in the United States (National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [NHLBI], 2013a). (bartleby.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2015) approximately 15 million Americans are affected by COPD, with a morbidity rate of 6.8 million. (bartleby.com)
  • He or she may have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, or COPD. (bartleby.com)
  • COPD is a progressive and treatable lung disease that causes shortness of breath due to obstruction of air way (COPD, 2013). (bartleby.com)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, also known as COPD, is defined as a progressive, chronic lung disease that makes it difficult to breathe by limiting airflow and it is characterized by chronic inflammation of the airway and shortness of breath and wheezing. (bartleby.com)
  • The current epidemic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has produced a worldwide health care burden, approaching that imposed by transmittable infectious diseases. (jci.org)
  • COPD is a multidimensional disease, with varied intermediate and clinical phenotypes. (jci.org)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive inflammatory condition of the lungs. (reference.com)
  • The typical clinical manifestations of the COPD syndrome include chronic bronchitis, a condition of large-airway inflammation and remodeling, and emphysema, a disease of the distal airways and lung parenchyma that manifests as loss of surface area for gas exchange. (jci.org)
  • COPD decreases patients' quality of life due to shortness of breath and chronic productive cough, which can progress over years to chronic hypoxemic and/or hypercarbic respiratory failure. (jci.org)
  • This Review emphasizes recent pathogenetic insights and emerging investigations into the complex and chronic nature of COPD (Table 1 ). (jci.org)
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation is a proven, effective intervention for people with chronic respiratory diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease (ILD) and bronchiectasis. (nih.gov)
  • Almost all (99%) participants had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (nih.gov)
  • Overview of the main causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD), including diabetes and high blood pressure, glomerular diseases, and polycystic kidney disease. (reference.com)
  • Kidney diseases and infections, such as polycystic kidney disease , pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis , or a kidney problem you were born with. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • These diseases include polycystic kidney disease, something that causes large cysts to form in a person's kidneys and damage surrounding tissue. (disabled-world.com)
  • More than 30% of European adults suffer from chronic disease (heart failure, cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, among others) and more than 85% die from it. (euractiv.com)
  • See 'Coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction in young men and women', section on 'Coronary risk factors' and 'Prevalence of and risk factors for coronary heart disease in diabetes mellitus' . (uptodate.com)
  • Epidemiologic studies suggest a link between excess sugar consumption and obesity, fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. (jaoa.org)
  • 4 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that eliminating 3 risk factors-poor diet, inactivity, and smoking-would prevent 80% of heart disease and stroke cases, 80% of type 2 diabetes mellitus cases, and 40% of cancer cases. (jaoa.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease is a debilitating chronic disease in its own right, but can also contribute to, or be impacted by, other prominent chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. (health.gov.au)
  • Acute kidney injury episodes and chronic kidney disease risk in diabetes mellitus. (medscape.com)
  • In this study, patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease exhibited significantly less improvement in quality of life measures following lumbar decompression procedures compared to those without these comorbidities," commented Peter G. Whang, MD, FACS , Associate Professor of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation at the Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, CT. (spineuniverse.com)
  • The April 2018 Kaiser Health Tracking Poll finds six in ten say they or someone in their immediate family have a chronic health condition that requires ongoing medical treatment, and a third of those dealing with a chronic condition requiring ongoing medical care say they or their household have had problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months. (kff.org)
  • Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term that includes conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart rhythm conditions (arrhythmias), blood vessel diseases and heart diseases present from birth (congenital heart defects). (ncsl.org)
  • Often thought of as a man's condition, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for women in the United States, with nearly 48 million women living with or at risk of heart disease. (ncsl.org)
  • There are racial disparities in cardiovascular disease rates, with African American and Latina women dying at higher rates than white women. (ncsl.org)
  • The Center for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention developed the WISEWOMAN screening program to reach women at high risk of cardiovascular disease. (ncsl.org)
  • People with CKD have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease , including heart attacks and strokes . (www.nhs.uk)
  • This is because some of the causes of kidney disease are the same as those for cardiovascular disease, including high blood pressure and high cholesterol. (www.nhs.uk)
  • You may be prescribed medication called statins to reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. (www.nhs.uk)
  • 1 Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and chronic lung disease account for two thirds of deaths in countries with relatively low overall mortality rates, such as Iran and Jordan, and more than 40% of deaths in those with the highest rates, such as Somalia and Sudan. (bmj.com)
  • The detection of CKD also identifies an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). (uptodate.com)
  • CKD closely co-exists with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, with these three diseases accounting for around a quarter of the entire disease burden in Australia. (health.gov.au)
  • Also, the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is even higher in these patients. (news-medical.net)
  • Presented by Dr. Arun Malhotra and Dr. Claudine Jurkovitz Globally, kidney disease is not only a co-morbidity of diabetes and hypertension, its presence can dramatically increase the global burden of disease associated with cardiovascular disease, HIV, and malaria. (constantcontact.com)
  • Patients with advanced CKD who had a CKD Read code were found to be half as likely to be admitted to hospital in an emergency, and six time less likely to suffer a sudden worsening of their kidney function (acute kidney injury or AKI), when taking into account their age, gender, kidney function, and the presence of other relevant medical conditions (diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease). (eurekalert.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease affects 13 percent of the adult population in the United States and is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease," Fox explains. (redorbit.com)
  • When someone's kidneys have problems for a long time, doctors call it a chronic kidney disease. (kidshealth.org)
  • The treatment for chronic kidney problems depends on the cause and how well the kidneys are working. (kidshealth.org)
  • Individuals with CKD stage 5 are said to have end stage renal disease (ESRD) and it is also at this point that their kidneys experience complete (or almost complete) failure. (bartleby.com)
  • If you have chronic kidney disease (CKD) , you've had damage to your kidneys for more than a few months. (healthline.com)
  • Overview of chronic kidney disease (CKD), a progressive disease that can damage the kidneys. (reference.com)
  • Chronic kidney disease, sometimes called CKD, is an umbrella term for several conditions that affect the kidneys, but it generally means permanent - and usually progressive - damag. (reference.com)
  • Having chronic kidney disease means that for some time your kidneys have not been working the way they should. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Chronic kidney disease is caused by damage to the kidneys. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Chronic kidney disease CKD includes a number of conditions that damage the kidneys and decrease their ability to keep a person healthy. (disabled-world.com)
  • A diagnosis of chronic kidney disease means a person's kidneys are damaged and do not have the ability to filter blood as they should. (disabled-world.com)
  • Lupus , as well as other diseases that affect a person's immune system, have the potential to affect a person's kidneys. (disabled-world.com)
  • The features of chronic granulomatous disease usually first appear in childhood, although some individuals do not show symptoms until later in life. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There's no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and stop it getting worse. (www.nhs.uk)
  • What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Disease? (webmd.com)
  • Symptoms don't show up til later in the disease. (answers.com)
  • 10 Symptoms of Kidney Disease x What are you doing to manage your kidney disease? (bartleby.com)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of anemia in someone with chronic kidney disease? (nih.gov)
  • CKD can often lack symptoms in its early stages so the diagnosis of kidney disease is often delayed or missed, which makes it difficult to accurately gauge the number of persons affected by the disease. (health.gov.au)
  • The disease usually appears after day 100 and is characterized by signs and symptoms similar to autoimmune diseases.The pathophysiology of chronic GVHD is poorly understood because of the lack of highly satisfactory animal models and basic studies in patients. (springer.com)
  • The disease is caused by bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi (B. burgdorferi), and typically manifests as a rash, while later less common symptoms may include meningitis, facial nerve palsy and arthritis. (webwire.com)
  • These symptoms are usually mild and self-limited and are referred to as post-Lyme disease symptoms. (webwire.com)
  • Also referred to as familial benign pemphigus, Hailey-Hailey disease is characterized by blistering symptoms that are very similar to those seen in the pemphigus family. (news-medical.net)
  • Hailey-Hailey disease cannot be cured, but symptoms can be managed with treatment. (news-medical.net)
  • Chronic Lyme disease occurs when a person who's treated with antibiotic therapy for the disease continues to experience symptoms. (healthline.com)
  • According to the New England Journal of Medicine , approximately 10 to 20 percent of people who are treated with the recommended antibiotics will have disease symptoms that persist after they complete treatment. (healthline.com)
  • It's also unclear what exactly causes the chronic symptoms. (healthline.com)
  • Lyme disease is also called borreliosis or, if the symptoms are neurologic, Bannwarth syndrome. (healthline.com)
  • If the infection progresses to the chronic stage, your symptoms might continue for weeks, months, or even years after the initial tick bite. (healthline.com)
  • Typically, the symptoms of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome resemble those that occur in earlier stages . (healthline.com)
  • Living with persistent symptoms of Lyme disease after treatment may affect your mobility and cognitive skills. (healthline.com)
  • The majority of people might not experience any symptoms that are severe until their kidney disease is advanced unfortunately. (disabled-world.com)
  • Most people may not have any severe symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. (disabled-world.com)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)? (childrens.com)
  • Children in the early stages of chronic kidney disease may not show any symptoms. (childrens.com)
  • Chronic liver disease in the clinical context is a disease process of the liver that involves a process of progressive destruction and regeneration of the liver parenchyma leading to fibrosis and cirrhosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs of chronic liver disease detectable on clinical examination can be divided into those that are associated with the diagnosis of chronic liver disease, associated with decompensation and associated with the cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • In chronic renal failure, excessive production of renin by the kidney can lead to severe high blood pressure ( hypertension ), and the effects of this may even dominate the clinical picture. (britannica.com)
  • This report reviews current concepts of the pathogenesis, clinical risk factors, classification systems, organ manifestations, and available treatments for chronic GVHD. (nih.gov)
  • It also provides a comprehensive listing of the published clinical trials aimed at prevention and primary treatment of chronic GVHD. (nih.gov)
  • Chronic patients using online communication tools become more knowledgeable, feel better socially supported and empowered, and have improved behavioral and clinical outcomes compared to nonusers," they explained. (informationweek.com)
  • Genetic, biochemical, and clinical features of chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Johnston RB Jr. Clinical aspects of chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Clinical and laboratory aspects of chronic granulomatous disease in description of eighteen patients. (medscape.com)
  • K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease: evaluation, classification, and stratification. (uptodate.com)
  • Legislatures around the country are passing laws to prevent medical boards from disciplining doctors who treat what they consider chronic Lyme with therapies that clinical trials have shown are dangerous and don't work. (chicagotribune.com)
  • KDIGO 2012 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease. (medscape.com)
  • We looked at the non-clinical impacts of multiple sclerosis (MS) on the individual with MS, their carers and wider society, focusing on disease progression. (rand.org)
  • Sustainability and Transformation Partnerships, Clinical Commissioning Groups and primary care practices must all work together to improve outcomes for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), according to the national Chronic Kidney Disease Audit published today. (eurekalert.org)
  • In experimental and clinical studies of chronic GVHD, thymic atrophy, lymphocyte depletion, and autoantibody formation have been described. (springer.com)
  • Both genetic and clinical factors predict the development of graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. (springer.com)
  • Chronic graft-versushost disease in the rat radiation chimera, I: clinical features, hematology, histology and immunopathology in long-term chimeras. (springer.com)
  • Analysis of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) images with an artificial neural network (ANN) program may improve chronic pancreatitis diagnosis compared with clinical interpretation of images. (celiac.org)
  • To date, there has not been a comprehensive assessment of the clinical efficacy or safety of telerehabilitation, or its ability to improve uptake and access to rehabilitation services, for people with chronic respiratory disease. (nih.gov)
  • This poll finding also looks at how the public views policies aimed at preventing chronic disease in America. (kff.org)
  • Preventing Chronic Disease is a peer-reviewed open access medical journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), covering research on all aspects of chronic diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost one in five older patients with a chronic disease reported experiencing health care discrimination of one type or another in a large national survey that asked about their daily experiences of discrimination between 2008 and 2014. (ucsf.edu)
  • The types of discrimination reported in 2008 by patients with a major chronic health condition varied among groups. (ucsf.edu)
  • Most patients with chronic otitis media and nearly all patients with cholesteatoma require surgery to cure the disease. (bcm.edu)
  • Implementing best practice care for patients with chronic diseases is one of the greatest challenges currently facing primary care providers. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Malnutrition is highly prevalent among patients with chronic liver disease and is nearly universal among patients awaiting liver transplantation. (medscape.com)
  • In light of the high incidence of malnutrition among patients with chronic liver disease and the complications that result from malnutrition in these patients, it is essential to assess the nutritional status of all patients with liver disease, and to initiate treatment as indicated. (medscape.com)
  • Efforts to digitalise healthcare for chronic disease patients - including those suffering from diabetes - are helpful, according to the European Public Health Alliance (EPHA). (euractiv.com)
  • The right eHealth tools will help healthcare systems adjust to the alarming rise of diabetes and patients to effectively monitor the development of their disease, European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety Vytenis Andriukaitis said in an interview with EURACTIV.com. (euractiv.com)
  • Patients may become cyanotic as a result of chronic hypoxia. (answers.com)
  • Focused on chronic disease care, this strategy breaks down the boundaries between online communities for doctors and patients to promote better care and empower patients to take better care of themselves. (informationweek.com)
  • The Dutch study examines three different types of online health communities (OHCs) in which patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) participate. (informationweek.com)
  • In the open OHC for Parkinson's disease, patients use the community forum for online peer support and discussions with health professionals, according to the study. (informationweek.com)
  • I like the idea of using the power of social media in order to create a forum for patients, physicians, and any other person affected by certain diseases. (informationweek.com)
  • Rasamsonia sp: An emerging infection amongst chronic granulomatous disease patients. (medscape.com)
  • Jurkowska M, Kurenko-Deptuch M, Bal J, Roos D. The search for a genetic defect in Polish patients with chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Molecular analysis of X-linked chronic granulomatous disease in five unrelated Korean patients. (medscape.com)
  • About 1 in 5 older patients with a chronic disease feel they have been discriminated against in their care, according to a multiyear analysis involving nearly 14,000 people 54 or older. (aarp.org)
  • But doctors around the country are telling patients with common medical problems such as back pain, poor concentration and fatigue that their ailments stem from a chronic form of Lyme disease that can evade standard treatment and wreak havoc for years. (chicagotribune.com)
  • 1. PRESCRIPTIVE APPS: Delivering therapeutic behavioralcare to chronic disease patients, enabling personalizedself-management ofdiet, fitness and stress.Michael Eckersley, PhDDesigning a wellness economy THE PRESCRIPTION MOBILE APP: Productizingbehavioral care for people managing a chronicdisease and needing behavioral therapeuticsupport1This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (slideshare.net)
  • Stage 5 is also known as end stage renal disease (ESRD), this is kidney failure with a GFR of ≤ 15 and theses patients are typically on dialysis or in need of an immediate transplant. (bartleby.com)
  • Kidney disease 1 Running Head: CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease Kim Prior Rock Valley College Kidney disease 2 Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic kidney disease is a growing problem with increasing numbers of patients being diagnosed and those beginning dialysis or the transplant process. (bartleby.com)
  • 3 Author For the importance of this study the literature review was done over the article named, "Physicians Referral Decisions for Older Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Pilot Study of Geriatricians, Internists, and Nephrologists, " by Kelle Hunter Campbell, Greg A. Sachs, Joshua A.Hemmerich, Sandy G.Smith, Nicole Stankus, and William Dale. (bartleby.com)
  • 15cc/min, reflects significantly reduced renal function, and this is the stage when patients will require long-term chronic dialysis treatments. (bartleby.com)
  • Long-term safety of high-dose angiotensin receptor blocker therapy in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Patients who are appropriately treated for thyroid disease have a less chance of developing renal dysfunction. (hindawi.com)
  • Fibroblast growth factor 23 and risks of mortality and end-stage renal disease in patients with chronic kidney disease. (medscape.com)
  • Gene polymorphisms of angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II type 1 receptor among chronic kidney disease patients in a Chinese population. (medscape.com)
  • From a total of more than 400,000 patients with kidney disease, there was a total of more than 250,000 years of follow-up. (eurekalert.org)
  • Measuring three biomarkers in a single blood sample may improve physicians' ability to identify patients at high risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. (redorbit.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to define prognosis and life expectancy in patients with chronic liver disease of different etiologies and to relate them to an age- and sex-matched normal population. (springer.com)
  • After a follow-up of 15 years, life expectancy of 620 patients with chronic liver disease was retrospectively calculated and compared with an age- and sex-matched normal population. (springer.com)
  • Patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and fatty liver disease were younger ( P =0.01) and had a lower life expectancy than patients with other causes of chronic liver disease ( P =0.004). (springer.com)
  • In patients with asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis, chronic persistent hepatitis B, and α 1 -antitrypsin deficiency without cirrhosis, life expectancy was equal to that of the normal population. (springer.com)
  • In patients with hereditary liver disease, additional viral infection or alcohol abuse lead to a significant deterioration of life expectancy. (springer.com)
  • Patients with alcoholic chronic liver disease have the poorest prognosis. (springer.com)
  • The researchers also suggested that because respiratory illness can lead to inactivity, asthma patients are more likely to become obese, which can lead to conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The article advises clinicians to tell their patients that there is no scientific evidence of chronic Lyme disease, and to inform patients of the risks of unnecessary antibiotic therapy. (webwire.com)
  • It is unknown whether elevated suPAR levels in patients with normal kidney function are associated with future decline in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and with incident chronic kidney disease. (nih.gov)
  • This technology helps nephrologists care for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is another step in DaVita's continued effort to propel the health care industry forward. (prnewswire.com)
  • DaVita Kidney Care is a leading provider of kidney care in the United States , delivering dialysis services to patients with chronic kidney failure and end stage renal disease. (prnewswire.com)
  • Patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease do not experience expected improvements in quality of life following lumbar decompression in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease, according to a retrospective cohort study by Silverstein et al published online ahead of print in The Spine Journal . (spineuniverse.com)
  • Notably, only 3 patients (1%) in the overall cohort had chronic kidney disease. (spineuniverse.com)
  • Patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis likely have chronic pancreatitis, do not benefit from pancreatic sphincterotomy, and may not benefit from biliary sphincterotomy. (celiac.org)
  • In a multicenter, randomized controlled trial of chronic pancreatitis patients, 90 000 USP U of pancreatin with meals decreased fat malabsorption compared with placebo. (celiac.org)
  • The product includes a human-emulated virtual health assistant that guides patients during their time between doctor visits as they manage chronic conditions-encouraging them, through coaching and tracking, to be adherent to their health management plan. (eweek.com)
  • For a variety of reasons, patients fail over 50 percent of the time to follow the instructions for the treatment of diseases, and non-adherence is a critical issue in health care," he explained. (eweek.com)
  • The only prion disease known to affect free-ranging wildlife, CWD is increasing in prevalence in areas where the disease is already established. (usgs.gov)
  • Howver, because of the man's young age, "it remains unknown whether the possible exposure of the case-patient to CWD-infected venison potentially contributed to the early onset of his prion disease. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The new host effect is particularly relevant as we investigate potential means of trans-species transmission of prion disease. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Hamsters, inoculated with 263K-contaminated implants of all groups, developed typical signs of prion disease, whereas control animals inoculated with non-contaminated materials did not. (organicconsumers.org)
  • This is called End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and those affected by this disease require kidney replacement therapy - either dialysis or kidney transplant - to survive. (health.gov.au)
  • Calling the disease 'a global killer hidden in plain sight,' researcher Theo Vos says the consequences of failing to keep up with the demand for dialysis the world around is deadly. (news-medical.net)
  • To survive, people with chronic kidney disease must undergo dialysis for 4 hours at a time, multiple times each week. (zdnet.com)
  • Leveraging data, analytics and care coordination, we can help you better manage kidney disease, slow its progression, and smooth the transition to dialysis. (davita.com)
  • If you see a deer or moose in Massachusetts exhibiting any signs of this disease or any other disease, please contact MassWildlife at (508) 389-6300. (mass.gov)
  • Deer Disease Hotline: (866) 293-9282. (myfwc.com)
  • For early disease detection, FWC collects and tests tissue samples from randomly-selected hunter-killed deer that appear healthy. (myfwc.com)
  • After three deer hunters younger than 30 (from Utah, Oklahoma and Maine) died of CJD in the 1990s, their young age caused the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to look for a possible CWD link. (sourcewatch.org)
  • As The Progressive magazine reported: "The agency did kill and test some deer where the victims of the disease had hunted. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In September 2000, the European Molecular Biology Organization published a study showing that the malformed, disease-causing deer prion proteins that cause CWD could, at least in a test tube, cause human prion proteins to convert from their normal to disease-causing forms. (sourcewatch.org)
  • CWD is a brain disease that is fatal to deer, elk and moose but is not known at this point to affect human health. (usatoday.com)
  • While the disease has turned up in deer in Wisconsin and northeastern Iowa, the last wild deer to test positive in Minnesota was near Pine Island back in 2010. (usatoday.com)
  • It is unknown how the two CWD-positive deer, which were harvested 4 miles west of Lanesboro in deer permit area 348, contracted the disease. (usatoday.com)
  • Chronic Wasting means restrictions imposed for North Dakotans hunting in Montana North Dakota's Game and Fish Department is adding Montana to the list of states from which the movement of deer carcasses into North Dakota is restricted. (greatfallstribune.com)
  • CWD is a fatal disease that affects the nervous system of members of the deer family. (greatfallstribune.com)
  • Montana officials have confirmed that a deer killed by a hunter in late October had the disease. (greatfallstribune.com)
  • The Hunter-Harvested Surveillance Program this year is accepting deer heads from nine central North Dakota hunting units and the southwestern unit where the disease was previously found. (greatfallstribune.com)
  • Google 'ALS' and 'treatment' and results include a site touting deer antler therapy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Davis argues against this route of disease transmission and suggests, "If anything, it is more accurate to say the opposite" (implying that wild deer, a public resource, constitute a risk to privately-held deer farmers). (app.com)
  • Canadian epidemiologists have concluded that movement between game farms is the root cause of CWD spread in Canada (with the original source being a South Dakota game farm), and that the disease subsequently spilled over into wild deer. (app.com)
  • Davis attempts to minimize potential disease impacts by stating that "CWD occurs in only about four in 1,000 deer. (app.com)
  • The potential impacts of CWD to the Virginia white-tailed deer population are a serious concern, though the disease has not been shown to pose a health risk to humans or domestic animals. (virginia.gov)
  • CWD is often used as a political and PR weapon against private deer farms, but it's important to understand that the disease is rare, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture data, and that there are many other factors behind the decline in deer populations, such as weather and predation. (denverpost.com)
  • The scare started when deer in Wisconsin were diagnosed with the disease. (wilx.com)
  • Aiken adds, "CWD is a significant emerging and fatal disease of deer, elk and moose. (eurekalert.org)
  • Typically, black-legged ticks and deer ticks spread this disease. (healthline.com)
  • 2019. Hailey-Hailey Disease - Familial Benign Chronic Pemphigus . (news-medical.net)
  • Global, regional, and national burden of chronic kidney disease, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 Bikbov, Boris et al. (news-medical.net)
  • The study, published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine , analyzed biannual responses from 13,897 participants in the University of Michigan's Health and Retirement Study who were 54 or older and had at least one of the following chronic conditions: hypertension, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart disease or stroke. (ucsf.edu)
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that can cause lung disease in adults and liver disease in adults and children. (medicinenet.com)
  • Its Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease also known as Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. (answers.com)
  • It analyzed people who had taken the survey, were 54 or older and had diabetes , hypertension, heart disease , stroke, lung disease and/or cancer. (aarp.org)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a term given to any of a number of progressive lung diseases. (tn.gov)
  • These efforts have the added benefit of providing a window into lung biology, with a broader impact in the understanding of other non-tobacco-related pulmonary diseases. (jci.org)
  • Living with chronic lung disease changes a person's life and means adjusting to a new way of being in the world. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Chronic lung disease may refer to: Asthma Bronchopulmonary dysplasia Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Chronic lung disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with chronic granulomatous disease may have recurrent bacterial and fungal infections. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Exposure to these organic materials and the numerous fungi involved in their decomposition causes people with chronic granulomatous disease to develop fungal infections in their lungs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Common severe infections in chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Increased or decreased weight, stooped shoulders or bad breath from chronic infections often make you feel less attractive to your sexual partner. (nationaljewish.org)
  • The term uremia , though it is sometimes used as if it were interchangeable with chronic renal failure , really means an increase in the concentration of urea in the blood. (britannica.com)
  • As with acute renal failure, there are many conditions that can lead to chronic renal failure. (britannica.com)
  • There are many other causes of chronic renal failure aside from the four common ones. (britannica.com)
  • These changes can lead to severe bone disease in persons suffering from renal failure, because bone calcium is depleted and the calcium stores are not adequately replenished. (britannica.com)
  • Chronic kidney disease is also called chronic renal failure or chronic renal insufficiency. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in col- of the materials. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the risk of transmission from animals to humans is considered extremely low. (utah.gov)
  • Frank says Lyme is tragically underdiagnosed, that tests endorsed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are unreliable, and that research into the disease will unlock many mysterious and devastating illnesses. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 37 million U.S. adults have CKD, but most haven't been diagnosed. (healthline.com)
  • Chronic granulomatous disease is a disorder that causes the immune system to malfunction, resulting in a form of immunodeficiency. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with chronic granulomatous disease typically have at least one serious bacterial or fungal infection every 3 to 4 years. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Individuals with chronic granulomatous disease may develop a type of fungal pneumonia, called mulch pneumonitis, which causes fever and shortness of breath after exposure to decaying organic materials such as mulch, hay, or dead leaves. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Inflammation can occur in many different areas of the body in people with chronic granulomatous disease. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Other common areas of inflammation in people with chronic granulomatous disease include the stomach, colon, and rectum, as well as the mouth, throat, and skin. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Rarely, people with chronic granulomatous disease develop autoimmune disorders, which occur when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the body's own tissues and organs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Chronic granulomatous disease is estimated to occur in 1 in 200,000 to 250,000 people worldwide. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mutations in the CYBA , CYBB , NCF1 , NCF2 , or NCF4 gene can cause chronic granulomatous disease. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The term, "old granulomatous disease" is based on x-ray findings that show scarring, characteristic of past infection with any of a number of fungi or tuberculosis. (answers.com)
  • Roos D, de Boer M. Molecular diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Segal BH, Romani L, Puccetti P. Chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Hauck F, Heine S, Beier R, Wieczorek K, Müller D, Hahn G. Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) mimicking neoplasms: a suspected mediastinal teratoma unmasking as thymic granulomas due to X-linked CGD, and 2 related cases. (medscape.com)
  • Molecular analysis of 9 new families with chronic granulomatous disease caused by mutations in CYBA, the gene encoding p22(phox). (medscape.com)
  • Jurkowska M, Bernatowska E, Bal J. Genetic and biochemical background of chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Characterization of six novel mutations in the CYBB gene leading to different sub-types of X-linked chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease caused by defects in NCF-1, the gene encoding the phagocyte p47-phox: mutations not arising in the NCF-1 pseudogenes. (medscape.com)
  • Burkholderia cenocepacia induces neutrophil necrosis in chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Arnold DE, Heimall JR. A Review of Chronic Granulomatous Disease. (medscape.com)
  • Lun A, Roesler J, Renz H. Unusual late onset of X-linked chronic granulomatous disease in an adult woman after unsuspicious childhood. (medscape.com)
  • Wolach B, Scharf Y, Gavrieli R, de Boer M, Roos D. Unusual late presentation of X-linked chronic granulomatous disease in an adult female with a somatic mosaic for a novel mutation in CYBB. (medscape.com)
  • Residual NADPH oxidase and survival in chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Sarwar G, de Malmanche T, Rassam L, Grainge C, Williams A, Arnold D. Chronic granulomatous disease presenting as refractory pneumonia in late adulthood. (medscape.com)
  • The dermatosis of chronic granulomatous disease. (medscape.com)
  • Anemia commonly occurs in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD)-the permanent, partial loss of kidney function. (nih.gov)
  • To determine the effectiveness and safety of telerehabilitation for people with chronic respiratory disease. (nih.gov)
  • Portal hypertension Ascites Hypersplenism (with or without splenomegaly) Lower oesophageal varices and rectal varices Synthetic dysfunction Hypoalbuminaemia Coagulopathy Hepatopulmonary syndrome Hepatorenal syndrome Encephalopathy Hepatocellular carcinoma The list of conditions associated with chronic liver disease is extensive and can be categorised in the following way: Viral causes Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV), and yellow fever viruses cause acute hepatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accordingly, CKD shares a number of common risk factors with these other chronic diseases, including: overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, tobacco smoking, high blood pressure (hypertension), and low birth weight. (health.gov.au)
  • Thus, public health interventions to prevent and manage such non-communicable diseases as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes are essential in bringing down the burden of CKD. (news-medical.net)
  • If this condition remains uncontrolled or poorly controlled, hypertension may cause chronic kidney disease, strokes, and heart attacks. (disabled-world.com)
  • Metabolic Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Haemochromatosis Wilson's disease Autoimmune response causes Primary biliary cholangitis (previously known as primary biliary cirrhosis) Primary sclerosing cholangitis Other Right heart failure These differ according to the type of chronic liver disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cryptogenic and autoimmune liver diseases showed a comparable life expectancy but a significantly shorter life expectancy than the normal population. (springer.com)
  • However, the pemphigus conditions are autoimmune diseases, whereas Hailey-Hailey disease is a genetic condition and does not involve the formation of autoantibodies. (news-medical.net)
  • Emphysema" and "Chronic bronchitis" redirect here. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease consists of emphysema and bronchitis that occurs simultaneously. (answers.com)
  • Two common diseases are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. (tn.gov)
  • CWD is one member of a family of diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), and is thought to be caused by prions. (usgs.gov)
  • CWD is one member of a family of diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), which includes scrapie in sheep and goats, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (commonly called "mad cow disease") in cattle, and Creutzfeldt Jakob disease in humans. (usgs.gov)
  • It later became clear that CWD was a member of a group of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies or TSEs. (usda.gov)
  • CWD is a progressive, neurological, debilitating disease that belongs to a family of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), which includes bovine encephalopathy (BSE, also called mad cow disease). (myfwc.com)
  • Prion-caused diseases are known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) and include Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE or "Mad Cow Disease" in cattle), Scrapie (in sheep and goats) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD, in humans). (utah.gov)
  • TSEs include a number of different diseases that affect animals or humans, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or "mad cow") in cattle, scrapie in sheep and goats, and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD), variant CJD, Kuru, fatal familial insomnia, and Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome in humans. (usda.gov)
  • CWD is a member of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) neurological disease family, which also includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad cow disease) in cattle, and the different forms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) in humans. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Toxic and drugs Alcoholic liver disease Rarely drug induced liver disease from methotrexate, amiodarone, nitrofurantoin and others Paracetamol (acetaminophen) causes acute liver damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has not been clearly determined whether the disease is a distinct entity or a continuation of acute GVHD. (springer.com)
  • IL-12 may cause an increase in donor CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells leading to conversion of chronic GVHD to an acute form. (springer.com)
  • Ferrara JLM, Cooke KR, Teshima T. The pathophysiology of acute graft-versus-host disease. (springer.com)
  • There are several different types of acute kidney problems and chronic kidney diseases that can lead to kidney failure. (reference.com)
  • Unlike other infectious diseases, TSEs are not caused by bacteria or viruses, but rather by a naturally occurring protein, that when folded incorrectly, becomes both infectious and deadly. (usda.gov)
  • A June 2004 review in the scientific journal Emerging Infectious Diseases identified other unusual CJD cases, but noted that no firm links to CWD had been found. (sourcewatch.org)
  • True, but a trained epidemiologist should recognize that national averages provide a rather incomplete picture for infectious diseases, which tend to cluster on the landscape. (app.com)
  • The rationale for screening for CKD is that earlier detection of CKD allows for the implementation of therapeutic interventions and avoidance of inappropriate exposure to nephrotoxic agents, both which may slow the progression of CKD to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) [ 7,8 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • Over the past decade, several studies have shown that proteinuria (too much protein in the urine) predicts faster progression of kidney disease to ESRD. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Furthermore, these and other studies have shown that drugs that reduce proteinuria can also slow the progression of established kidney disease. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Remnant nephron physiology and the progression of chronic kidney disease. (medscape.com)
  • The mechanisms and pathophysiology underlying renal disease and its progression. (reference.com)
  • In 1335 participants with a baseline eGFR of at least 60 ml per minute per 1.73 m(2), the risk of progression to chronic kidney disease in the highest quartile of suPAR levels was 3.13 times as high (95% confidence interval, 2.11 to 4.65) as that in the lowest quartile. (nih.gov)
  • BRFSS data can help estimate prevalence of health behav- based, case-control study, attempting to lose weight was iors and diseases, and their correlates, among pregnant associated with an increased risk of NTDs in the infant women (26-28). (cdc.gov)
  • In the United States, the prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing [ 1,2 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • Prior to 2020, units where CWD was previously detected were sampled on an annual basis to monitor the prevalence and distribution of the disease. (utah.gov)
  • Again, a misleading argument, because game farms have historically been quickly depopulated (at taxpayer expense and with taxpayer-provided indemnification) after the initial detection of disease (before prevalence can rise). (app.com)
  • Stauffer ME, Fan T. Prevalence of anemia in chronic kidney disease in the United States. (medscape.com)
  • Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and associated risk factors--United States, 1999-2004. (medscape.com)
  • USRDS 2009 Annual Data Report: Atlas of Chronic Kidney Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. (uptodate.com)
  • USRDS 2000 Annual Data Report: Atlas of End-Stage Renal Disease in the United States. (uptodate.com)
  • CKD and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are significant public health problems in the United States and a major source of suffering and poor quality of life for those afflicted. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Age and association of kidney measures with mortality and end-stage renal disease. (medscape.com)
  • Choi AI, Rodriguez RA, Bacchetti P, Bertenthal D, Hernandez GT, O'Hare AM. White/black racial differences in risk of end-stage renal disease and death. (medscape.com)
  • In 2008, 27 percent of blacks with a major chronic health condition reported experiencing discrimination. (ucsf.edu)
  • For example, fewer women smoke than men proportionally, but the consequences of smoking-related diseases have a greater negative health impact on women. (ncsl.org)
  • Policymakers often view women's health by issue area such as breast cancer, chronic disease or pregnancy. (ncsl.org)
  • According to the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors , developing initiatives that address women's health across the lifespan fosters public health to be responsive to women's health needs and stimulates activities and programs that address and control diseases or conditions in this population. (ncsl.org)
  • Medical News Today asked primary care and internal medicine specialists how they use digital health technology in their daily practice and about their views on its potential for revolutionizing chronic disease management. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • EU countries could save money and lives by increasing investment in disease prevention and health promotion, the European Commission said on Thursday (23 November), stressing that good health policy requires political will across all sectors. (euractiv.com)
  • The mission of the Chronic Disease Control Branch (CDCB) is to prevent and optimally manage chronic disease to ensure all Californians can experience good health and well-being. (ca.gov)
  • CDCB supports ongoing initiatives and activities to improve cardiovascular health by supporting evidence-based programs that promote healthy behaviors and healthy communities, and improves the prevention, diagnosis, and management of chronic disease. (ca.gov)
  • CDCB staff collaborate with local health departments, state and federal agencies, universities, non-government organizations and community-based organizations to prevent chronic disease from occurring as well as decreasing the severity and impact of a condition once it occurs. (ca.gov)
  • Health professionals need continuous education on prevention of chronic diseases. (bmj.com)
  • 7 Jordan's Gateway to the Future has established a programme aimed at promoting behaviour change in three key domains-chronic disease, reproductive health, and child health. (bmj.com)
  • Although plans to tackle chronic disease in individual countries are in their infancy there are encouraging signs of independent action on health advocacy. (bmj.com)
  • The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services uses a variety of data sources to monitor the burden of chronic disease and injury among Michigan residents. (michigan.gov)
  • A quick look at more than two dozen indicators that together, show how well we are doing as a state in preventing chronic diseases and injuries and improving the health of our residents. (michigan.gov)
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. (uptodate.com)
  • Although the sugar and beverage industries continue to question the scientific evidence linking high-sugar diets to metabolic diseases, major health organizations now make evidence-based recommendations to limit consumption of simple sugars to no more than 5% to 10% of daily intake. (jaoa.org)
  • Although the sugar and beverage industries still try to question the scientific evidence linking high-sugar diets to metabolic diseases, health organizations, including the World Health Organization, 1 the American Heart Association, 2 and the US Department of Agriculture, 3 have recently published evidence-based recommendations to limit the consumption of simple sugars to no more than 5% to 10% of daily caloric intake. (jaoa.org)
  • Data from the US Department of Health and Human Services indicate that chronic diseases accounted for 86% of all health care spending in 2010. (jaoa.org)
  • Treatment and prevention of chronic disease is a largely under--‐utilized component of Public Health policy and of the U.S. Affordable Care Act. (slideshare.net)
  • By modifying the behaviors, lifestyles and cultural norms contributing to excessive rates of chronic disease, overall healthcare demand can be reduced signi^icantly, thereby making health care more ef^icient, more affordable and ultimately more humane.The governing agent in reducing chronic disease generally is consumer behavior. (slideshare.net)
  • It was a chronic disease awareness event on a Thursday morning, organised by the government and organisations in the health sector. (news24.com)
  • He remembered the words of Prof. Debbie Bradshaw, head of the Burden of Disease Research Unit, who wrote the following in a health magazine: "South Africa is in the throes of colliding epide-mics. (news24.com)
  • The current study is part of the Global Burden of Disease study, an annual publication that is the most extensive global effort to measure the loss of health in the most comprehensive manner. (news-medical.net)
  • Strategic behavior by health insurers could unravel the market for cures for chronic diseases. (rand.org)
  • While guidelines vary depending on health status, the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans adopted in 2008 recommend that adults engage in 2.5 hours of physical activity per week to lower their risks of heart disease, stroke and other chronic conditions. (wakegov.com)
  • A snapshot of health statistics shows Maori face more illnesses such as heart disease and diabetes than other groups do. (radionz.co.nz)
  • These diseases are projected to impose a worldwide burden of $47 trillion health dollars by 2030. (jci.org)
  • Retrieved on March 02, 2021 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Hailey-Hailey-Disease-Familial-Benign-Chronic-Pemphigus.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • A new KFF/Los Angeles Times survey of Americans with employer health benefits finds that although most are largely satisfied with their employer plan, many report financial challenges related to their health care costs, particularly among those facing high deductibles or suffering from chronic health conditions. (kff.org)
  • For more than 100 years, National Jewish Health has been committed to finding new treatments and cures for diseases. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Determine which stage of kidney disease you're in by calculating a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and start managing your health. (davita.com)
  • Next IT, developer of Alme, a virtual assistant platform, launched Alme Health Coach, a purpose-built product for chronic disease management. (eweek.com)
  • We built Alme Health Coach to improve adherence to specific treatments plans for complex chronic diseases," Fred Brown, founder and CEO of Next IT, told eWEEK . (eweek.com)
  • Brown noted the U.S. spends $317 billion a year to treat avoidable health complications, and today in the U.S. 50 percent of adults have at least one chronic condition. (eweek.com)
  • One example involved publication of articles on Aboriginal populations with the Public Health Agency of Canada journal Chronic Diseases in Canada in 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, 1 in 4 women will die of heart disease. (ncsl.org)
  • Between 2008 and 2013 , the program served 101,000 women, 91% of whom had at least one risk factor for heart disease. (ncsl.org)
  • Chronic diseases such as heart disease , cancer , and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Two chronic diseases (heart disease and cancer) cause nearly half of all deaths in the U.S. (tn.gov)
  • The study included more than 2,300 participants in the Framingham Offspring Study, a long-term follow-up study of heart disease risk factors and outcomes. (redorbit.com)
  • Older people with asthma have a higher chance of developing cancer, heart disease and other chronic conditions, a study has claimed. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • If you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease, follow your doctor's instructions for managing these conditions. (healthline.com)
  • Heart Disease and Saturated Fat: Do the Dietary Guidelines Have It All Wrong? (medhelp.org)
  • Can Mental Stress Lead to Heart Disease? (medhelp.org)
  • Can depression and anxiety cause heart disease? (medhelp.org)
  • Some 3.6 million women will die from coronary heart disease in 2005. (who.int)
  • Natural News) Healthcare professionals usually suggest a sufficient potassium intake to lower an individual's blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular damage, coronary heart disease, and stroke. (naturalnews.com)
  • The results of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) show that moderate exercise, a healthier diet, and weight reduction can prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in persons at risk. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Assesses the impact of policies designed to address the treatment and prevention of chronic using a range of causal inference and quantitative methods. (rand.org)
  • Young adults with asthma, who are at risk for developing other chronic conditions, also should be targeted for primary or early secondary prevention of these conditions. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • As 77 percent of all U.S. adults own smartphones and around half own tablet computers, "mobile technology has the potential to make a huge impact on the management of chronic disease," Judith Marcin M.D., a family practice specialist in Chicago, told MNT . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, policymakers are yet to address issues related to data collection and use that are considered crucial in the management of chronic conditions like diabetes. (euractiv.com)
  • See 'Epidemiology of chronic kidney disease' and 'Overview of the management of chronic kidney disease in adults' . (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Overview of the management of chronic kidney disease in adults', section on 'Consequences of late referral' . (uptodate.com)
  • The content of published articles may include mechanisms of disease but more emphasis is to be placed on the assessment and delivery of patient care. (sagepub.com)
  • New look, same great content: The trusted kidney care resource for 8 million people has educational articles, recipes, tools and ways to connect with others as you navigate the kidney disease journey. (davita.com)
  • The incubation period can be long (several months to years) depending on species and genetic factors, and infected animals are in good body condition until the end stages of the disease, making them difficult to distinguish from healthy animals. (usda.gov)
  • In the final stages of disease, animals become thin, drink and urinate excessively, have poor balance and coordination, lack body fat, have drooping ears, and difficulty swallowing (which is responsible for the classic drooling associated with the disease). (usda.gov)
  • You might not notice any problems if you have chronic kidney disease that's in the early stages, and sometimes not even in the advanced stage. (webmd.com)
  • For information on healthy eating for people with early chronic kidney disease, you may also wish to review our Healthy Eating Guidelines For People with Early Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Stages 1 and 2 . (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • There are five stages of kidney disease, from kidney damage with normal GFR to kidney failure. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Chronic Bronchitis is characterized by excessive mucus production amd its pooling in lower respiratory passage ways, which severely impairs ventilation and gas exchange. (answers.com)
  • Chronic Respiratory Disease is a peer-reviewed, open access , scholarly journal, created in response to the rising incidence of chronic respiratory diseases worldwide. (sagepub.com)
  • The journal provides a high quality, multi-disciplinary focus for the publication of original papers, reviews and commentary in the broad area of chronic respiratory disease, particularly its treatment and management. (sagepub.com)
  • These chronic conditions are linked by common risk factors. (bmj.com)
  • What are the risk factors for chronic kidney disease? (health.gov.au)
  • Major risk factors associated with CKD that cannot be modified include advancing age, genetic predisposition, previous kidney disease or injury, low birth weight, male gender, and family history. (health.gov.au)
  • The disease is progressive and always fatal. (wilx.com)
  • This is defined as a chronic ear infection with drainage out the ear canal (otorrhea). (bcm.edu)
  • Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne infection in the Northern hemisphere. (webwire.com)
  • Although chronic Lyme disease clearly encompasses post-Lyme disease syndrome, it also includes a broad array of illnesses or symptom complexes for which there is no reproducible or convincing scientific evidence of any relationship to B. burgdorferi infection, said Shapiro, who is professor of pediatrics, epidemiology and public and investigative medicine at Yale School of Medicine. (webwire.com)
  • Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that's caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi . (healthline.com)
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease. (nih.gov)
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a vexing and dangerous complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation. (nih.gov)
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) still remains the most significant complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. (springer.com)
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. (springer.com)
  • Pathophysiology and treatment of graft-versus-host disease. (springer.com)
  • Aractingi S, Chosidow O. Cutaneous graft-versus-host disease. (springer.com)
  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease in the rat radiation chimera, III: immunology and immunopathology in rapidly induced models. (springer.com)
  • T-cell interactions in autoimmunity: insights from a murine model of graft-versus-host disease. (springer.com)
  • The new European Commission should tackle "head-on" rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, the president of the European League Against Rheumatism (Eular) told EURACTIV in an interview, referring to chronic diseases that affect one-quarter of all Europeans, creating healthcare and social security costs. (euractiv.com)
  • The Pakistan National Action Plan on Non-Communicable Diseases launched in 2003 has integrated surveillance and intervention for chronic diseases, 5 6 and it is introducing chronic disease into the work plan of 70 000 healthcare providers at grass roots level. (bmj.com)
  • The study shows massive inequities in the healthcare response to this disease in different parts of the world. (news-medical.net)
  • Chronic liver disease" refers to disease of the liver which lasts over a period of six months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testing for chronic liver disease involves blood tests, imaging including ultrasound and a biopsy of the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment of chronic liver disease depends on the cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many herbal and antioxidant remedies have been advocated for chronic liver disease but the evidence is not conclusive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malnutrition is an increasingly recognized complication of chronic liver disease that has important prognostic implications. (medscape.com)
  • Cirrhosis is a long-term (chronic) liver disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The samples are checked under a microscope to find out the type of liver disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Cirrhosis is a progressive liver disease that happens over time. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If you have hepatitis, it may be treated to delay worsening of your liver disease. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Although the study included a representative national sample, it did not contain enough data on older Asian-Americans with chronic conditions to examine trends over time, so the researchers restricted their analysis to Blacks, Whites and Hispanics. (ucsf.edu)
  • Some examples of this would include chronic cancers with liver metastases, infiltrative haematological disorders such as chronic lymphoproliferative conditions, chronic myeloid leukaemias, myelofibrosis and metabolic abnormalities such as Gaucher's disease and glycogen storage diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some are obvious, for example, chronic conditions that result from pregnancy and cancers of the female reproductive tract are exclusive to women. (ncsl.org)
  • Chronic disease is the most expensive group of conditions in the United States. (ncsl.org)
  • Chronic otitis median and/or cholesteatoma are a serious conditions that requires prompt treatment. (bcm.edu)
  • Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. (cdc.gov)
  • With each of these three conditions there is a chronic obstruction of air flow through the airways and out of the lungs. (medicinenet.com)
  • Many Californians have multiple chronic conditions which put them at greater risk for other chronic conditions, limits their ability to exercise or be a member of the workforce, and can lead to an early death. (ca.gov)
  • We can work together at the state and local levels to improve the lives of individuals who have one or more chronic conditions. (tn.gov)
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to all conditions of the kidney, lasting at least 3 months, where a person has had evidence of kidney damage and/or reduced kidney function, regardless of the specific diagnosis of disease or condition causing the disease. (health.gov.au)
  • RAND research on chronic diseases and conditions has examined the efficacy of workplace wellness programs, evaluated the effectiveness of the chronic care model, and made recommendations regarding the delivery of genomic medicine to those suffering from chronic disease. (rand.org)
  • Half of all American adults have at least one chronic condition, and almost one in three has multiple chronic conditions. (wakegov.com)
  • Chronic disabling conditions cause major limitations in activity for more than one of every 10 Americans, or 25 million people. (wakegov.com)
  • Many chronic conditions can be prevented by not smoking, being more physically active and eating nutritious foods. (wakegov.com)
  • They found that chronic conditions in asthma sufferers were seen more commonly over the age of 35 and became worse in those aged 55 or over. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Study co-author Dr Richard E Ruffin from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital at the University of Adelaide said: "Asthma's link to other chronic conditions appears to be age-related. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • As adults with asthma age, the likelihood of developing other chronic conditions becomes greater. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Clinicians caring for older adults with asthma need to consider comorbid chronic conditions when developing asthma action plans. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to the gradual loss of kidney function over time due to medical conditions that weaken kidney function. (childrens.com)
  • In contrast, more severe forms of chronic GVHD require intensive medical management and adversely affect survival. (nih.gov)
  • It consists of a wide range of liver pathologies which include inflammation (chronic hepatitis), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some diseases passed from parent to child (inherited diseases) may also cause cirrhosis. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • How is anemia in chronic kidney disease diagnosed? (nih.gov)