An old term that is no longer used in the scientific literature. Cholera morbus refers to acute GASTROENTERITIS occurring in summer or autumn; characterized by severe cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
An ENTEROTOXIN from VIBRIO CHOLERAE. It consists of two major protomers, the heavy (H) or A subunit and the B protomer which consists of 5 light (L) or B subunits. The catalytic A subunit is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE. The B protomer binds cholera toxin to intestinal epithelial cells, and facilitates the uptake of the A1 fragment. The A1 catalyzed transfer of ADP-RIBOSE to the alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G PROTEINS activates the production of CYCLIC AMP. Increased levels of cyclic AMP are thought to modulate release of fluid and electrolytes from intestinal crypt cells.

The Portuguese Cholera morbus epidemic of 1853-56 as seen by the press. (1/1)

This is a study of how scientific knowledge reached common citizens in nineteenth-century Portugal, using newspapers as the main source. Despite the population's limited access to written material, each leading newspaper might be read by 30 000 people a day in Lisbon. This made newspapers the most widely available vehicle for the diffusion of the latest scientific information to the general public. With a cholera morbus epidemic affecting the second largest Portuguese town and all the northern regions, as well as the Algarve, reports on the course of the epidemic were considered essential. The author bases her study on a database of news about the disease in 1855 and 1856, especially with regard to prevention and treatment.  (+info)

"Cholera morbus" is an outdated and somewhat ambiguous term that was historically used to describe a variety of acute gastrointestinal illnesses, including actual cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae bacterium. However, the term is now rarely used in modern medical practice due to its lack of specificity and confusion with the distinct disease entity of cholera.

Cholera is a severe and potentially life-threatening infection that causes profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and other systemic symptoms. It is typically transmitted through contaminated food or water and is endemic in certain parts of the world with poor sanitation and hygiene.

Modern medical terminology prefers to use more specific terms to describe gastrointestinal illnesses, such as "acute gastroenteritis" or "diarrheal disease," which encompass a range of causes and symptoms. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of any gastrointestinal symptoms.

Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which is usually transmitted through contaminated food or water. The main symptoms of cholera are profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration, which can lead to electrolyte imbalances, shock, and even death if left untreated. Cholera remains a significant public health concern in many parts of the world, particularly in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene. The disease is preventable through proper food handling, safe water supplies, and improved sanitation, as well as vaccination for those at high risk.

Cholera toxin is a protein toxin produced by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which causes the infectious disease cholera. The toxin is composed of two subunits, A and B, and its primary mechanism of action is to alter the normal function of cells in the small intestine.

The B subunit of the toxin binds to ganglioside receptors on the surface of intestinal epithelial cells, allowing the A subunit to enter the cell. Once inside, the A subunit activates a signaling pathway that results in the excessive secretion of chloride ions and water into the intestinal lumen, leading to profuse, watery diarrhea, dehydration, and other symptoms associated with cholera.

Cholera toxin is also used as a research tool in molecular biology and immunology due to its ability to modulate cell signaling pathways. It has been used to study the mechanisms of signal transduction, protein trafficking, and immune responses.

No data available that match "cholera morbus"


Cholera reached the Western Hemisphere during the second pandemic, although the term cholera morbus was in use much earlier to ... Although researchers have remained cautious about distinguishing between such earlier uses of cholera morbus and the cholera ... CHOLERA IN HAITI Historical Review. Cholera in Haiti and Other Caribbean Regions, 19th Century On This Page ... Historical Context for Cholera in Haiti Cholera in the Caribbean Region The Exception in Haiti Cite This Article ...
Newspaper reports stated he died from cholera morbus. His body was returned to the state capital to lie in state after which ... Deaths from cholera, 19th-century American politicians, 19th-century American lawyers). ...
Categories: Cholera Morbus Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted 92 ...
Memoire sur le cholera-morbus qui regne en Russie. Gazette Med Paris 1830-1;85:1-2. *OShaughnessy WB. Proposal for a new ... Latta T. Malignant cholera: documents communicated by the Central Board of Health London, relative to the treatment of cholera ... Water and electrolyte studies in cholera. J Clin Invest 1959;38:1879-89. *Van Heyningen WE, Seal JR. Cholera: the American ... A clinical trial of oral therapy in a rural cholera treatment center. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1970;19:653-6. *Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral ...
While on the way he contracted a severe cold, and at San Diego he was seized with cholera morbus. On reaching his home, one ...
... cholera morbus in hospital in Richmond, Virginia (with the rank of private). ...
... "that no measures of external precaution for preventing the introduction of the cholera morbus by a rigorous quarantine have ... Cholera may be taken as an example of the diseases of the epidemic class. When cholera first invaded Europe in 1831,[26] the ... The Cholera of modern times is a fever, which appears in its true character when the first stroke of the disease does not prove ... Cholera has prevailed in Paris and several other places on the Continent during the late autumn, and it is well known that the ...
Cholera A Worldwide History S.L. Kotar J.E. Gessler 978-0-7864-7242-0 978-1-4766-1364-2 ... Appendix I: Cures for Cholera Throughout the Ages 317. Appendix II: Cholera Morbus Mortality Statistics in the 19th Century: ... Cholera in the World War II Era 265. 32. The Seventh Cholera Pandemic: "No country is safe from cholera" 275. 33. Research ... 2. What Is Cholera? An Early Conundrum 9. 3. The Immortal Sydenham 14. 4. "The Cause of Pestilential Distempers" 19. 5. Cholera ...
Letters on the Cholera Morbus, by James Gillkrest and William Fergusson 28147 [Subtitle: Containing ample evidence that this ...
Cholera was variously referred to as Cholera Morbus, Choleric Fever or Dysentery on death certificates. ... The term cholera described the symptoms that the infant experience. Cholera Infantum is distinct from the epidemic Cholera ... Cholera Infantum. Cholera Infantum (or summer diarrhea of infants) was a major cause of infant death in the late 1800s. ... Cholera. Cholera (vibrio cholerae) is an acute infection of the bowel with profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting, causing severe ...
"Cholera Morbus." Times [London, England] 23 Feb. 1832: 3. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 4 Sept. 2016. ... "Cholera Morbus." Times [London, England] 28 May 1831: 5. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 4 Sept. 2016. ... The articles I chose all focused on the idea of Cholera as a contagion. Although we learned that Cholera was thought to come ... Urban Disasters: 19th c. Cholera. Use the 4 most important or interesting articles you find on the history of cholera and ...
Attacked with Cholera Morbus. During the whole of the day, the weather had been exceedingly hot, the heat and the walking about ... I had all the symptoms of a violent attack of Cholera Morbus. Throughout the whole night the bilious evacuations were - ...
Cause of Death: Cholera Morbus. __________. Notes:. 1800 Federal Census Data (M32_14, Page 444), Lynn, Essex Co., Massachusetts ...
At the time there were no cases of cholera reported in Liverpool and ... What became known as the cholera ship Virginia set sail from Liverpool on 4 April 1866. ... A French Caricature of Cholera, "Cholera Morbus." Courtesy of Wikipedia.. Martin soon learned that that people aboard the ... As the Virginia was making its way to New York, dispatches were sent from it reporting on the cholera crisis:. "Cholera is ...
... the means of prevention and method of cure of the cholera morbus, and the atrocities of the cholera panic ... Cholera Morbus. Infant 29. A clinical lecture on the primary treatment of injuries: delivered at the New-York Hospital, ... Cholera -- prevention & control 60. An examination of phrenology: in two lectures : delivered to the students of the Columbian ... Cholera infantum, its causes and treatment. (No. 3, June, 1837, Fiske fund prize dissertations.) ...
... we hear reports of eases of cholera morbus. People who Want to poison their children can do it very speedily and effectually by ...
War Pensioner, cholera morbus3,1. Pedigree. Citations. *[S449] Esther K. Whitcomb and Dorothy O. Mayo, Bolton Soldiers and ...
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I fear a severe attack of my old attack, cholera morbus, coming on." After this I missed him; he had got a permit from the ...
aged 72y, 11m, 8d, b. Germany, farmer, s/o Dorothy Sherman, cause: cholera morbus (one week) & heart failure (sudden) ...
Case of Mr Worge who has been seized with a Cholera Morbus which Cullen attributes to gout. ...
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My father was taken seriously ill with an attack of cholera Morbus and was always a delicate man after that, and died when I ...
Object 5.-Diarrhoeal affections, cholera morbus, etc., may be successfully treated externally by hot lotions, and petroleum and ...
... such as cholera morbus or spinal meningitis. The technical testimony on both sides continued for weeks, and more than one ...
Juring the hot wei t ler !at summer I had a severe attack of cholera morbus, necessitating my leaving my business, says Mr. C ... Our baby lias been continually t Mull ed with colic and cholera infantum lioce h i birth and all that w could do for rim did ... About two years ago a traveling salesman kindly handed me a small bot tle of Chamberlains Colic, Cholera nd diarrhoea Remedy. ... After takink iwo or three doses of Chamberlains Colic, Cholera and diarrhoea Remedy I was completely relieved and in a few ...
  • Medical journals and other sources do not show evidence that cholera occurred in Haiti before 2010, despite the devastating effect of this disease in the Caribbean region in the 19th century. (cdc.gov)
  • Almost 2 centuries of cholera research such as John Snow's famous environmental detective work on cholera in mid 19th century England ( 3 ) helped to found the field of epidemiology. (cdc.gov)
  • Although it is difficult to confirm the absence of a disease in an earlier era, this report explores textual evidence for the immunologic status of persons to cholera in Haiti reported in scientific journals and lay journalism sources from the 19th century. (cdc.gov)
  • It also considers the reasons that epidemic cholera failed to occur in Haiti in the 19th century even though it did affect many neighboring environments, including the Dominican Republic. (cdc.gov)
  • There is no published source that identifies all Caribbean islands affected by cholera epidemics in the 19th century. (cdc.gov)
  • In the field of 20th-century and 21st-century research, an article in 1985 by Kiple comes the closest to describing the effect of cholera across the 19th-century Caribbean. (cdc.gov)
  • Higman notes that basic public health measures were prompted by cholera epidemics in the British Caribbean in the 19th century but that they emerged from "a maze of environmental mystery" ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Vega Lugo provides a recent study of cholera in 19th-century Puerto Rico ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • We provide historical accounts of the presence and spread of cholera epidemics in Caribbean islands. (cdc.gov)
  • Epidemics of diphtheria, cholera and malaria swept through the state during the late 1800s. (mifamilyhistory.org)
  • The reports drawn up by Dr Southwood Smith," writes Dean Peacock, "on the proper precautions to be taken to meet the recent outbreaks of cholera, have been of the most essential service wherever their recommendations have been followed. (gutenberg.org)
  • Remember: in order to use these historical newspaper articles as primary sources, we need to be concerned with how they represent what people thought and were aware of at the time-you are not just using them to collect facts about cholera outbreaks. (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • Cholera (vibrio cholerae) is an acute infection of the bowel with profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting, causing severe dehydration. (mifamilyhistory.org)
  • In assessing Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and St. Thomas, Kiple proposed that 200,000 deaths from cholera in the Caribbean would not be unrealistic, although a total figure would have to be "considerably higher as a number of islands have not been included in this survey" ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • But two more sudden deaths on the 12th, and others on the 13th, convinced the skeptic that the steerage of the steamship was really suffering under a visitation of Asiatic cholera. (geriwalton.com)
  • The term cholera described the symptoms that the infant experience. (mifamilyhistory.org)
  • Their hands and bodies were shrunk and they had other marked symptoms of cholera. (geriwalton.com)
  • Newspaper reports stated he died from cholera morbus. (wikipedia.org)
  • our market, and simultaneous u:th their, appearance 'we hear reports of eases of cholera morbus. (psu.edu)
  • Pairing this with a fear of Cholera being a contagion it makes more sense, knowing that people were scared and desperate to do just about anything they could think of to push back the disease. (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • Seeing the outbreak of Cholera through the eyes of different people located in different areas gives a wider view of what different people were thinking at the time. (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • In seven major cholera pandemics beginning in 1817, the "King of Terrors" has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. (mcfarlandbooks.com)
  • Clustered populations, regular influx of new persons, and close quarters of barracks living contributed to spread of cholera in other Caribbean locations. (cdc.gov)
  • Although we learned that Cholera was thought to come from the air around the Thames river, I had no idea that this thinking spread a lot further than that. (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • He put a Cholera victim and a healthy person in the same bed, and the disease didn't spread. (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • Volume 5, Issue 5.Notice Sur Le Cholera-Morbus, Par M. J.-F. Latiere, by Latiere J -F from Flipkart.com. (laba-ggmbh.de)
  • How passengers might have been affected can be gleaned from the cholera outbreak that happened on another steamship, the England, which left from Queenstown, Ireland, a few days ahead of the Virginia, on 29 March. (geriwalton.com)
  • A person may contract Cholera by drinking contaminated water, milk or by eating contaminated food. (mifamilyhistory.org)
  • In addition, none of the passengers had been sick or showed any signs of cholera during the week they stayed in Liverpool before the Virginia sailed. (geriwalton.com)
  • However, until 2011, there was no comprehensive historical record of cholera in Africa ( 4 ), despite its crucial status as a piece of the global disease puzzle. (cdc.gov)
  • Cholera has prevailed in Paris and several other places on the Continent during the late autumn, and it is well known that the former visitations of that terrible disease in this country have appeared the year following similar attacks abroad. (gutenberg.org)
  • The deadly effects of the so-called "disease of filth" spared no one, no matter their station in life-and today cholera is more prevalent than at any time throughout history. (mcfarlandbooks.com)
  • The next article gave me some insight as to what someone in the general public thought about the Cholera disease. (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • Use the 4 most important or interesting articles you find on the history of cholera and industrialization in the UK in the 18th and 19th c. to write a short essay (300-600 words). (digitalhistorylab.com)
  • Yet, as recently as July 2011, the Boston Globe claimed that "Cholera appeared in Haiti last year for the first time since the 1960s" ( 2 ), implying that cholera had occurred in Haiti in the 20th century. (cdc.gov)
  • At the time there were no cases of cholera reported in Liverpool and none of the passengers - "630 Irish, 220 Germans, Dutch, Danes and Swedes, and 179 English and Scotch" [1] - came from any known districts suffering from cholera. (geriwalton.com)
  • Cholera was variously referred to as Cholera Morbus, Choleric Fever or Dysentery on death certificates. (mifamilyhistory.org)
  • Cholera Infantum was also called summer complaint, water gripes or weaning brash on the death certificate. (mifamilyhistory.org)
  • and even after the death of the first victim, the surgeon was unwilling to declare it a case of cholera. (geriwalton.com)
  • The uncertainty in newspapers and nongovernmental organizations over whether Haiti had experienced cholera during the 20th century, a period when there was no epidemic cholera in the Caribbean islands, reflects the historically uneven documentation of cholera epidemiology in different regions. (cdc.gov)
  • It also considers the reasons that epidemic cholera failed to occur in Haiti in the 19th century even though it did affect many neighboring environments, including the Dominican Republic. (cdc.gov)
  • Chinmay Tumbe joins Amit Varma in episode 205 of The Seen and the Unseen to discuss how 40 million lives were lost in the subcontinent between 1817 and 1920 in the cholera, plague and influenza pandemics -- and the lessons we need to learn from them. (happyscribe.com)
  • Almost 2 centuries of cholera research such as John Snow's famous environmental detective work on cholera in mid 19th century England ( 3 ) helped to found the field of epidemiology. (cdc.gov)
  • Cholera infantum, its causes and treatment. (nih.gov)
  • Higman notes that basic public health measures were prompted by cholera epidemics in the British Caribbean in the 19th century but that they emerged from "a maze of environmental mystery" ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • In the field of 20th-century and 21st-century research, an article in 1985 by Kiple comes the closest to describing the effect of cholera across the 19th-century Caribbean. (cdc.gov)
  • At the same time, cholera, the plague and influenza killed 40 million people during these hundred years. (happyscribe.com)
  • If you count the 30 million killed by cholera in the years when it was merely endemic and not endemic in this state, populations have been devastated, villages wiped out and bodies have piled up on the streets. (happyscribe.com)