Cholelithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.Cholecystography: Radiography of the gallbladder after ingestion of a contrast medium.Gallstones: Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic: Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.Gallbladder Diseases: Diseases of the GALLBLADDER. They generally involve the impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.Cholecystolithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the GALLBLADDER.Choledocholithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the COMMON BILE DUCT.Gallbladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the gallbladder.Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.Anthracosilicosis: A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of dust that contains both CARBON and crystalline SILICON DIOXIDE. These foreign matters induce fibrous nodule formation in the lung.Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Opium: The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.Biliary Fistula: Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.Technetium Tc 99m Lidofenin: A nontoxic radiopharmaceutical that is used in RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING for the clinical evaluation of hepatobiliary disorders in humans.Bilirubin: A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.Situs Inversus: A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.Gilbert Disease: A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Anemia, Sickle Cell: A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.Somatotypes: Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).Bile Acids and Salts: Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.Cholangitis: Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Czechoslovakia: Created as a republic in 1918 by Czechs and Slovaks from territories formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The country split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia 1 January 1993.Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance: Non-invasive diagnostic technique for visualizing the PANCREATIC DUCTS and BILE DUCTS without the use of injected CONTRAST MEDIA or x-ray. MRI scans provide excellent sensitivity for duct dilatation, biliary stricture, and intraductal abnormalities.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases in any part of the ductal system of the BILIARY TRACT from the smallest BILE CANALICULI to the largest COMMON BILE DUCT.Common Bile Duct: The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Intestinal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Glucuronosyltransferase: A family of enzymes accepting a wide range of substrates, including phenols, alcohols, amines, and fatty acids. They function as drug-metabolizing enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of UDPglucuronic acid to a variety of endogenous and exogenous compounds. EC 2.4.1.17.Ursodeoxycholic Acid: An epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid. It is a mammalian bile acid found first in the bear and is apparently either a precursor or a product of chenodeoxycholate. Its administration changes the composition of bile and may dissolve gallstones. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.Cholestasis, Extrahepatic: Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Czech Republic: Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Cholestasis: Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic: Incision of Oddi's sphincter or Vater's ampulla performed by inserting a sphincterotome through an endoscope (DUODENOSCOPE) often following retrograde cholangiography (CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE). Endoscopic treatment by sphincterotomy is the preferred method of treatment for patients with retained or recurrent bile duct stones post-cholecystectomy, and for poor-surgical-risk patients that have the gallbladder still present.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Mice, Inbred AKRLiver Cirrhosis: Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.Hyperparathyroidism, Primary: A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE due to parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. It is characterized by the combination of HYPERCALCEMIA, phosphaturia, elevated renal 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis, and increased BONE RESORPTION.Helicobacter: A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from the intestinal tract of mammals, including humans. It has been associated with PEPTIC ULCER.Chenodeoxycholic Acid: A bile acid, usually conjugated with either glycine or taurine. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for intestinal absorption and is reabsorbed by the small intestine. It is used as cholagogue, a choleretic laxative, and to prevent or dissolve gallstones.beta-Thalassemia: A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin. There is retardation of hemoglobin A synthesis in the heterozygous form (thalassemia minor), which is asymptomatic, while in the homozygous form (thalassemia major, Cooley's anemia, Mediterranean anemia, erythroblastic anemia), which can result in severe complications and even death, hemoglobin A synthesis is absent.Tracheostomy: Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Abbreviations as Topic: Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.Metronidazole: A nitroimidazole used to treat AMEBIASIS; VAGINITIS; TRICHOMONAS INFECTIONS; GIARDIASIS; ANAEROBIC BACTERIA; and TREPONEMAL INFECTIONS. It has also been proposed as a radiation sensitizer for hypoxic cells. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985, p133), this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen (Merck, 11th ed).Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Nitroglycerin: A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.Cardiac Tamponade: Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).Chest Pain: Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.BostonHospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Leptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Lipoproteins, LDL: A class of lipoproteins of small size (18-25 nm) and light (1.019-1.063 g/ml) particles with a core composed mainly of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and smaller amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES. The surface monolayer consists mostly of PHOSPHOLIPIDS, a single copy of APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100, and free cholesterol molecules. The main LDL function is to transport cholesterol and cholesterol esters to extrahepatic tissues.Receptors, Leptin: Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Glucuronates: Derivatives of GLUCURONIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the 6-carboxy glucose structure.Glucuronic Acid: A sugar acid formed by the oxidation of the C-6 carbon of GLUCOSE. In addition to being a key intermediate metabolite of the uronic acid pathway, glucuronic acid also plays a role in the detoxification of certain drugs and toxins by conjugating with them to form GLUCURONIDES.Mesocricetus: A genus of the family Muridae having three species. The present domesticated strains were developed from individuals brought from Syria. They are widely used in biomedical research.Osteopathic Physicians: Licensed physicians trained in OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE. An osteopathic physician, also known as D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathy), is able to perform surgery and prescribe medications.Bariatric Surgery: Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.HondurasObesity, Morbid: The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.Hepatitis, Infectious Canine: A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.Cholecystitis, Acute: Acute inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall. It is characterized by the presence of ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and LEUKOCYTOSIS. Gallstone obstruction of the CYSTIC DUCT is present in approximately 90% of the cases.Acalculous Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall in the absence of GALLSTONES.Fatty Acids, Essential: Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.Dizziness: An imprecise term which may refer to a sense of spatial disorientation, motion of the environment, or lightheadedness.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Bile Pigments: Linear TETRAPYRROLES that give a characteristic color to BILE including: BILIRUBIN; BILIVERDIN; and bilicyanin.Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Diagnosis-Related Groups: A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Dry Eye Syndromes: Corneal and conjunctival dryness due to deficient tear production, predominantly in menopausal and post-menopausal women. Filamentary keratitis or erosion of the conjunctival and corneal epithelium may be caused by these disorders. Sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the eye and burning of the eyes may occur.Clinical Coding: Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)Medical Tourism: Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.Barbados: An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for "bearded", with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)LithuaniaExplosive Agents: Substances that are energetically unstable and can produce a sudden expansion of the material, called an explosion, which is accompanied by heat, pressure and noise. Other things which have been described as explosive that are not included here are explosive action of laser heating, human performance, sudden epidemiological outbreaks, or fast cell growth.Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)LatviaSickle Cell Trait: The condition of being heterozygous for hemoglobin S.Fetal Hemoglobin: The major component of hemoglobin in the fetus. This HEMOGLOBIN has two alpha and two gamma polypeptide subunits in comparison to normal adult hemoglobin, which has two alpha and two beta polypeptide subunits. Fetal hemoglobin concentrations can be elevated (usually above 0.5%) in children and adults affected by LEUKEMIA and several types of ANEMIA.Hemoglobin, Sickle: An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.

Gallstones: an intestinal disease? (1/1118)

Current evidence suggests that impaired intestinal motility may facilitate gallstone formation by influencing biliary deoxycholate levels or by modulating interdigestive gall bladder motility (fig 2), although a primary intestinal defect in gallstone pathogenesis has not yet been demonstrated. In the cold war period, most interesting events, from a political point of view, occurred at the border between capitalist and communist systems, near the iron curtain. Similarly, the gall bladder and biliary tract can be viewed as the border between liver and intestinal tract, where many interesting things occur with profound impact on both systems. Combined efforts by researchers in the field of hepatology and gastrointestinal motility should brake down the Berlin wall of ignorance of one of the most common diseases in the Western world.  (+info)

Gallstones, cholecystectomy and risk of cancers of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas. (2/1118)

To examine the association between gallstones and cholecystectomy, we conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study in Denmark. Patients with a discharge diagnosis of gallstones from 1977 to 1989 were identified from the Danish National Registry of Patients and followed up for cancer occurrence until death or the end of 1993 by record linkage to the Danish Cancer Registry. Included in the cohort were 60 176 patients, with 471 450 person-years of follow-up. Cancer risks were estimated by standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) stratified by years of follow-up and by cholecystectomy status. Among patients without cholecystectomy, the risks at 5 or more years of follow-up were significantly elevated for cancers of liver (SIR = 2.0, CI = 1.2-3.1) and gallbladder (SIR = 2.7, CI = 1.5-4.4) and near unity for cancers of extrahepatic bile duct (SIR = 1.1), ampulla of Vater (SIR = 1.0) and pancreas (SIR = 1.1). The excess risk of liver cancer was seen only among patients with a history of hepatic disease. Among cholecystectomy patients, the risks at 5 or more years of follow-up declined for cancers of liver (SIR = 1.1) and extrahepatic bile duct (SIR = 0.7), but were elevated for cancers of ampulla of Vater (SIR = 2.0, CI = 1.0-3.7) and pancreas (SIR = 1.3, CI = 1.1-1.6). These findings confirm that gallstone disease increases the risk of gallbladder cancer, whereas cholecystectomy appears to increase the risk of cancers of ampulla of Vater and pancreas. Further research is needed to clarify the carcinogenic risks associated with gallstones and cholecystectomy and to define the mechanisms involved.  (+info)

Double gallbladder originating from left hepatic duct: a case report and review of literature. (3/1118)

BACKGROUND: Double gallbladder is a rare anomaly of the biliary tract. Double gallbladder arising from the left hepatic duct was previously reported only once in the literature. CASE REPORT: A case of symptomatic cholelithiasis in a double gallbladder, diagnosed on preoperative ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) is reported. At laparoscopic cholangiography via the accessory gallbladder no accessory cystic duct was visualized. After conversion to open cholecystectomy, the duplicated gallbladder was found to arise directly from the left hepatic duct; it was resected and the duct repaired. CONCLUSIONS: We emphasize that a careful intraoperative cholangiographic evaluation of the accessory gallbladder is mandatory in order to prevent inadvertent injury to bile ducts, since a large variety of ductal abnormality may exist.  (+info)

Cryoelectron microscopy of a nucleating model bile in vitreous ice: formation of primordial vesicles. (4/1118)

Because gallstones form so frequently in human bile, pathophysiologically relevant supersaturated model biles are commonly employed to study cholesterol crystal formation. We used cryo-transmission electron microscopy, complemented by polarizing light microscopy, to investigate early stages of cholesterol nucleation in model bile. In the system studied, the proposed microscopic sequence involves the evolution of small unilamellar to multilamellar vesicles to lamellar liquid crystals and finally to cholesterol crystals. Small aliquots of a concentrated (total lipid concentration = 29.2 g/dl) model bile containing 8.5% cholesterol, 22.9% egg yolk lecithin, and 68.6% taurocholate (all mole %) were vitrified at 2 min to 20 days after fourfold dilution to induce supersaturation. Mixed micelles together with a category of vesicles denoted primordial, small unilamellar vesicles of two distinct morphologies (sphere/ellipsoid and cylinder/arachoid), large unilamellar vesicles, multilamellar vesicles, and cholesterol monohydrate crystals were imaged. No evidence of aggregation/fusion of small unilamellar vesicles to form multilamellar vesicles was detected. Low numbers of multilamellar vesicles were present, some of which were sufficiently large to be identified as liquid crystals by polarizing light microscopy. Dimensions, surface areas, and volumes of spherical/ellipsoidal and cylindrical/arachoidal vesicles were quantified. Early stages in the separation of vesicles from micelles, referred to as primordial vesicles, were imaged 23-31 min after dilution. Observed structures such as enlarged micelles in primordial vesicle interiors, segments of bilayer, and faceted edges at primordial vesicle peripheries are probably early stages of small unilamellar vesicle assembly. A decrease in the mean surface area of spherical/ellipsoidal vesicles was correlated with the increased production of cholesterol crystals at 10-20 days after supersaturation by dilution, supporting the role of small unilamellar vesicles as key players in cholesterol nucleation and as cholesterol donors to crystals. This is the first visualization of an intermediate structure that has been temporally linked to the development of small unilamellar vesicles in the separation of vesicles from micelles in a model bile and suggests a time-resolved system for further investigation.  (+info)

No pathophysiologic relationship of soluble biliary proteins to cholesterol crystallization in human bile. (5/1118)

This study explores the pathophysiologic effects of soluble biliary glycoproteins in comparison to mucin gel and cholesterol content on microscopic crystal and liquid crystal detection times as well as crystallization sequences in lithogenic human biles incubated at 37 degrees C. Gallbladder biles from 13 cholesterol gallstone patients were ultracentrifuged and microfiltered (samples I). Total biliary lipids were extracted from portions of samples I, and reconstituted with 0.15 m NaCl (pH 7.0) (samples II). Portions of samples II were supplemented with purified concanavalin A-binding biliary glycoproteins (final concentration = 1 mg/mL) (samples III), or mucin gel (samples IV), respectively, isolated from the same cholesterol gallstone biles. Samples V consisted of extracted biliary lipids from uncentrifuged and unfiltered bile samples reconstituted with 0.15 m NaCl (pH 7.0). Analytic lipid compositions of samples I through IV were identical for individual biles but, as anticipated, samples V displayed significantly higher cholesterol saturation indexes. Detection times of cholesterol crystals and liquid crystals were accelerated in the rank order of samples: IV > V > I = II = III, indicating that total soluble biliary glycoproteins in pathophysiologic concentration had no appreciable effect. Crystallization sequences (D. Q-H. Wang and M. C. Carey. J. Lipid Res. 1996. 37: 606-630; and 2539-2549) were similar among samples I through V. Crystal detection times and numbers of solid cholesterol crystals were accelerated in proportion to added mucin gel and the cholesterol saturation of bile only. For pathophysiologically relevant conditions, our results clarify that mucin gel and cholesterol content, but not soluble biliary glycoproteins, promote cholesterol crystallization in human gallbladder bile.  (+info)

Liver disease in pregnancy. (6/1118)

Acute viral hepatitis is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy. The course of acute hepatitis is unaffected by pregnancy, except in patients with hepatitis E and disseminated herpes simplex infections, in which maternal and fetal mortality rates are significantly increased. Chronic hepatitis B or C infections may be transmitted to neonates; however, hepatitis B virus transmission is effectively prevented with perinatal hepatitis B vaccination and prophylaxis with hepatitis B immune globulin. Cholelithiasis occurs in 6 percent of pregnancies; complications can safely be treated with surgery. Women with chronic liver disease or cirrhosis exhibit a higher risk of fetal loss during pregnancy. Preeclampsia is associated with HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count) syndrome, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, and hepatic infarction and rupture. These rare diseases result in increased maternal and fetal mortality. Treatment involves prompt delivery, whereupon the liver disease quickly reverses. Therapy with penicillamine, trientine, prednisone or azathioprine can be safely continued during pregnancy.  (+info)

Cholic acid aids absorption, biliary secretion, and phase transitions of cholesterol in murine cholelithogenesis. (7/1118)

Cholic acid is a critical component of the lithogenic diet in mice. To determine its pathogenetic roles, we fed chow or 1% cholesterol with or without 0.5% cholic acid to C57L/J male mice, which because of lith genes have 100% gallstone prevalence rates. After 1 yr on the diets, we measured bile flow, biliary lipid secretion rates, hepatic cholesterol and bile salt synthesis, and intestinal cholesterol absorption. After hepatic conjugation with taurine, cholate replaced most tauro-beta-muricholate in bile. Dietary cholic acid plus cholesterol increased bile flow and biliary lipid secretion rates and reduced cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase activity significantly mostly via deoxycholic acid, cholate's bacterial 7alpha-dehydroxylation product but did not downregulate cholesterol biosynthesis. Intestinal cholesterol absorption doubled, and biliary cholesterol crystallized as phase boundaries shifted. Feeding mice 1% cholesterol alone produced no lithogenic or homeostatic effects. We conclude that in mice cholic acid promotes biliary cholesterol hypersecretion and cholelithogenesis by enhancing intestinal absorption, hepatic bioavailability, and phase separation of cholesterol in bile.  (+info)

The role of apolipoprotein E and glucose intolerance in gallstone disease in middle aged subjects. (8/1118)

BACKGROUND: The polymorphism of apolipoprotein E has been suggested to be associated with the cholesterol content of gallstones, the crystallisation rate of gall bladder bile, and the prevalence of gallstone disease (GSD). AIMS: To investigate whether apolipoprotein E polymorphism modulates the susceptibility to GSD at the population level and to study the possible associations between impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes, and GSD. METHODS: Apolipoprotein E phenotypes were determined in a middle aged cohort of 261 randomly selected hypertensive men, 259 control men, 257 hypertensive women, and 267 control women. All subjects without a documented history of diabetes were submitted to a two hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). GSD was verified by ultrasonography. RESULTS: In women with apolipoprotein E2 (phenotypes E2/2, 2/3, and 2/4) compared with women without E2 (E3/3, 4/3, and 4/4), the odds ratio for GSD was 0. 28 (95% confidence interval 0.08-0.92). There was no protective effect in men. The relative risk for GSD was 1.2 (0.8-1.7) for hypertensive women and 1.8 (1.0-2.7) for hypertensive men. In a stepwise multiple logistic regression model, E2 protected against GSD in women, whereas two hour blood glucose in the OGTT, serum insulin, and plasma triglycerides were risk factors. Elevated blood glucose during the OGTT was also a significant risk factor for GSD in men. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that apolipoprotein E2 is a genetic factor providing protection against GSD in women. In contrast, impaired glucose tolerance and frank diabetes are associated with the risk of GSD.  (+info)

*Gallstone

MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Gallbladder removal 5-Minute Clinical Consult Cholelithiasis cholelithiasis US Classic gallstone with ... The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of stones in the gallbladder or to the diseases caused by gallstones. Most ... The presence of stones in the gallbladder is referred to as cholelithiasis, from the Greek chol- (bile) + lith- (stone) + - ... The clinical presentation is similar to that of cholelithiasis.[citation needed] The composition of gallstones is affected by ...

*Cholescintigraphy

Schirmer, Bruce D.; Winters, Kathryne L.; Edlich, Richard F. (2005). "Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis". Journal of Long-Term ... such as by cholelithiasis (gallstone formation). This investigation is usually conducted after an ultrasonographic examination ...

*Gallbladder cancer

Chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Primary sclerosing cholangitis Chronic typhoid infection of gallbladder. Chronic ...

*Caroli disease

Ursodiol is given to treat cholelithiasis. In diffuse cases of Caroli disease, treatment options include conservative or ...

*1879 Michigan Wolverines football team

Cause of death cholelithiasis, cerebral hemorrhage. Randolph Thomas Edwards, known as Thomas R Edwards at the University of ...

*Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses

Hence, they are associated with gallstones (cholelithiasis). Cases of gall bladder cancer have also been reported to arise from ...

*Estrogen (medication)

Stinton LM, Shaffer EA (2012). "Epidemiology of gallbladder disease: cholelithiasis and cancer". Gut Liver. 6 (2): 172-87. doi: ... "Is the oral contraceptive or hormone replacement therapy a risk factor for cholelithiasis: A systematic review and meta- ...

*Biliary colic

Stinton, Laura M.; Shaffer, Eldon A. (15 April 2012). "Epidemiology of Gallbladder Disease: Cholelithiasis and Cancer". Gut and ... Internal Clinical Guidelines Team (October 2014). "Gallstone Disease: Diagnosis and Management of Cholelithiasis, Cholecystitis ...

*Indigestion

These include cholelithiasis, chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Acute, self-limited dyspepsia may be caused by ...

*Gallbladder

German surgeon Carl Langenbuch performed the first cholecystectomy in 1882 for a sufferer of cholelithiasis. Before this, ... ISBN 978-0-7216-0240-0. "Cholelithiasis - Hepatic and Biliary Disorders - MSD Manual Professional Edition". MSD Manual ... which is known as cholelithiasis. Blocked bile accumulates, and pressure on the gallbladder wall may lead to the release of ...

*Carl Langenbuch

48 (725-727), (1882) - A case of extirpation of the gallbladder for chronic cholelithiasis. Cure. Ueber die Principien des ... Ein Fall von Exstirpation der Gallenblase wegen chronischer Cholelithiasis. Heilung; In: Berliner klinische Wohenschrift. ...

*Cholecystitis

Internal Clinical Guidelines Team (October 2014). "Gallstone Disease: Diagnosis and Management of Cholelithiasis, Cholecystitis ...

*Parenteral nutrition

Other potential hepatobiliary dysfunctions include steatosis, steatohepatitis, cholestasis, and cholelithiasis. Six percent of ...

*Biliary fistula

It can occur as a complication following biliary trauma (such as cholelithiasis), as an iatrogenic effect or as a result of a ... Gallstone ileus Duzgun, A. P.; Ozmen, M. M.; Ozer, M. V.; Coskun, F. (2007). "Internal biliary fistula due to cholelithiasis: a ...

*Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

An ultrasound may also be used to exclude gallstone problems (cholelithiasis). A liver biopsy (tissue examination) is the only ...

*Bernhard Naunyn

WorldCat Search A treatise on cholelithiasis [1] Oskar Minkowski @ Who Named It ISSX (international Society for the Study of ... Naunyn also made contributions in his research of diabetes and cholelithiasis. He published an important treatise on diabetes ... "A treatise on cholelithiasis" (1896). With Oskar Minkowski (1858-1931), he theorized that bile pigment formation was a function ... titled Der Diabetes Melitus (1898), and his Klinik der Cholelithiasis was translated into English by Archibald Garrod (1857- ...

*Cholangiocarcinoma

The presence of gallstones (cholelithiasis) is not clearly associated with cholangiocarcinoma. However, intrahepatic stones ( ...

*ABCB4

2007). "MDR3 mutations associated with intrahepatic and gallbladder cholesterol cholelithiasis: an update". Annals of ... "Low phospholipid associated cholelithiasis: association with mutation in the MDR3/ABCB4 gene". Orphanet journal of rare ... "MDR3 gene defect in adults with symptomatic intrahepatic and gallbladder cholesterol cholelithiasis". Gastroenterology. 120 (6 ...

*Bile

"A contribution to the problems of the pathogenesis and microbial etiology of cholelithiasis". Acta Universitatis Palackianae ...

*Cholesterolosis of gallbladder

It is not tied to cholelithiasis (gallstones) or cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder). Cholesterolosis of the ...

*Georges Henri Roger

In the field of experimental pathology, he performed research of cholelithiasis and hepatic disease. Among his written works ...

*Long-term effects of alcohol consumption

Conversely moderate intake of alcohol may have some beneficial effects on gastritis and cholelithiasis. Of the total number of ...

*Technetium (99mTc) mebrofenin

Decreased GBEF may be indicative of asymptomatic cholelithiasis, which is usually without gallbladder pain. Only pain during ...

*Lan Xichun

He improved the operation of cholelithiasis and laid the foundation of hepatobiliary surgery in China. He is also one of the ...

*Erythropoietic protoporphyria

It includes cholelithiasis, mild parenchymal liver disease, progressive hepatocellular disease and end-stage liver disease. A ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Targeted disruption of the murine mucin gene 1 decreases susceptibility to cholesterol gallstone formation. AU - Wang, Helen H.. AU - Afdhal, Nezam H.. AU - Gendler, Sandra J. AU - Wang, David Q H. PY - 2004/3. Y1 - 2004/3. N2 - Gallbladder mucins play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstones because of their ability to bind biliary lipids and accelerate cholesterol crystallization. Mucin secretion and accumulation in the gallbladder is determined by multiple mucin genes. To study whether mucin gene 1 (Muc1) influences susceptibility to cholesterol cholelithiasis, we investigated male Muc1-deficient (Muc1-/-) and wild-type mice fed a lithogenic diet containing 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid for 56 days. Gene expression of the gallbladder Muc1 and Muc5ac was significantly reduced in Muc1-/- mice in response to the lithogenic diet. Muc3 and Muc4 levels were upregulated and were similar between Muc1-/- and wild-type mice. Little or no Muc2 and Muc5b mRNAs ...
CREMA, Eduardo et al. Gallbladder neuron count in cholelithiasis patients with and without Chagas disease. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2007, vol.40, n.1, pp.15-17. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822007000100003.. Various investigators agree that the incidence of cholelithiasis is greater in patients with Chagas disease. The most plausible explanation for this is based on the parasympathetic denervation that occurs over the whole digestive tract due to Chagas disease. In order to analyze the occurrence of this alteration, gallbladder neuron counts were performed on cholelithiasis patients with and without Chagas disease who were being treated at the Department of Digestive Surgery, Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil. In the present study, a notable reduction in the number of neurons in the gallbladder wall was observed in Chagas patients, in comparison with non-Chagas subjects.. Keywords : Chagas disease; Gallbladder; Cholelithiasis; Neuron ...
The gall stone formation (cholelithiasis) is well known global health problem since very early times. Various biochemical and patho-physiological factors have been reported to be associated with gall stone disease such as stasis of bile, obstruction in bile duct, infection in bile, obesity, oestrogen level, inflammation of gall bladder valve, defective function of liver and gall bladder, reduction in bile salt concentration, change in cholesterol and bilirubin concentration and various precipitating factors for stone formation. Risk factors of cholelithiasis include overweight, age (near or above 40 years), female-menopausal age and racism with risk history of cholelithasis as found more prevalent in Caucasians than in people of other races. A lack of melatonin could significantly contribute to gallbladder stones, as melatonin inhibits cholesterol secretion from the gallbladder to enhances the conversion of cholesterol to bile and is an antioxidant, capable of reducing oxidative stress to the ...
Changing trends in the epidemiology and presentation of gall stone disease in Bundelkhand region of Northern India-IJCAP-Print ISSN No:-2394-2118 Online ISSN No:-2394-2126Article DOI No:-10.18231,Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology-IP Innovative Publication Pvt Limited, Medical Journals Publication, Ope
A prospective study of the prevalence of gall stone disease at necropsy in a stable population has been undertaken over a 10 year period up to June 1988. In women, the prevalence of gall stone disease remained static but in men aged 50-59 years it rose from 7% (n = 148) in the first three years to 18% (n = 138) in the last three years (p less than 0.01) and in men aged 60-69 it rose from 12% (n = 370) to 20% (n = 366, p less than 0.01). In the latter age group the female: male ratio fell from 2:1 to 0.8:1. The proportion of deaths from coronary heart disease in men fell slightly in those over 70 during the study period. There was a fall in deaths from coronary heart disease in all age groups in women. Men with gall stones were less likely to have had a cholecystectomy than women, and overall 88% of gall stones remained in situ. In a parallel clinical study, the number of cholecystectomies carried out in the same district fell by 18% over the 10 years without any apparent change in the provision ...
Causes of gallstones are always very diverse, we note that a huge role in the development of gallstone disease is a familial predisposition, which often goes through the female line. The most common causes and accompanying diseases, running parallel with cholelithiasis is gout, kidney disease, urinary and obesity. The main reason for the birth of gallstone disease is a late food, food for which there is no consistency in the adoption of food. This is especially dangerous in children in the background is only gaining vitality and developing organism. If during this period the child is to consistently eat anyhow - it is subject to increased risk of gallstone disease. It is also noticed that most of cholelithiasis suffer are the people leading a sedentary lifestyle, due to which the bile stagnates in their body.. The main symptoms of this disease is a heaviness, or pain in the area of the right hypochondrium, such pain is often called "biliary colic." Moreover, such pain is not continuous but ...
50% cholesterol monohydrate plus an admixture of calcium salts, bile pigments, and proteins. Pigment stones are composed primarily of calcium bilirubinate; -There are several important mechanisms in the formation of lithogenic (stone-forming) bile. The most important is increased biliary secretion of cholesterol. This may occur in association with obesity, the metabolic syndrome, high-caloric and cholesterol-rich diets. cholesterol gallstone disease occurs because of several defects, which include:- (1) bile supersaturation with cholesterol, (2) nucleation of cholesterol monohydrate with subsequent crystal retention and stone growth, and (3) abnormal gallbladder motor function with delayed emptying and stasis. Gallbladder hypomotility leading to stasis and formation of Sludge in:- a. Prolonged parenteral nutrition b. Fasting c. Pregnancy d. Drugs such as octreotide Excess Weight loss: Mobilization of tissue cholesterol leads to increased biliary cholesterol secretion while enterohepatic ...
Asymptomatic cholelithiasis is a prevalent condition in obese patients presenting for bariatric surgery. Transabdominal ultrasound (TAU) remains the gold standard for detection of cholelithiasis. The sensitivity and specificity of transabdominal ultrasound for cholelithiasis reported in literature is between 88-97% and 97-99%, respectively. The ability to detect cholelithiasis with TAU in the obese population may be inhibited due to the presence of increased subcutaneous and visceral fat. Laparoscopic ultrasound (LU) has the potential to overcome these technical challenges. In an era of minimally invasive bariatric surgery, it has been suggested that routine preoperative ultrasound TAU be performed for the detection of cholelithiasis since intraoperative palpation is not feasible. We hypothesize that laparoscopic ultrasound will be more sensitive and specific for cholelithiasis than transabdominal ultrasound in morbidly obese patients ...
List of 36 disease causes of Cholelithiasis, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Cholelithiasis.
Feeling CHOLELITHIASIS while using Metronidazole? CHOLELITHIASIS Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Metronidazole Reports and Side Effects.
Feeling CHOLELITHIASIS while using Ibuprofen? CHOLELITHIASIS Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Ibuprofen Reports and Side Effects.
Cholelithiasis differs considerably from area to area in the world. Calcium bilirubinate stones or brown pigment stones are said to predominate in the Orient, however, this situation may differ...
No doubt a combination and taking 2 Advil instead of in English. Out of the best way to test for cancer individual risks. This study uses the gallbladder SurgeryOnce at home to watch out for. Traditional surgery that involves breaking down gall bladder surgery for removal arise. I dont recall anyone ever acid reflux symptoms dizziness telling me with my college graduation can be liver stones symptoms nausea dizziness fatal. I try not too intense it can remain inside and walk around a blog like mine before the limpieza de higado o pancreass surgeon. If you are primarily composed of cholesterol diet. Another surgery! Pain in gallbladder because other less common diseases of cholelithiasis diet vitamins the eyes and skin may be the only option for Nutritional Health and energy levels:1. The gall stone natural removal surgeon will provide fiber, vitamin E and K and essential fatty acids - supplement up to 2 years previously, may provide relief. I was born with a nutritional Health and energy levels ...
Surgery should not be offered to patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis. Cholecystectomy may be beneficial for patients who are at high risk of biliary cancer, infection, or other complications, including younger patients and those with choledocholithiasis, sickle cell disease, gallstones larger than 3 cm, or significant immunosuppression.
In a recent study, researchers have discovered the mechanism that caused gall stone formation in the body. The findings from the research are published in the Immunity journal.. A team of researchers from the Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Germany discovered that the neutrophils play a key role in the formation of gall stones. Neutrophils are white blood cells with a sticky meshwork of DNA and proteins, they act as a binder that sticks together calcium and cholesterol crystals during gallstone formation.. The researchers successfully limited the formation and growth of these so-called neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in mice and hope to emulate the same effect in humans.. The lead author of the study, an immunologist at Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Martin Herrmann said; "Neutrophils have long been considered the first line of defense against infection and have been shown to generate NETs that entangle and kill pathogens," He explained; "Here, we provide additional evidence for the ...
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Medical Diagnosis: Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis Nursing Diagnosis: Activity intolerance r/t laparoscopic abdominal incisions AEB SOB during
This surgery is performed for the treatment of symptomatic gall stones, caused by the presence of gall stones in the gall bladder. Usually a storage for the excess bile production, the bile can sometimes become thick and clump together, creating stones. These stones can in turn cause inflammation or irritation in the biliary system and cause abdominal discomfort. This is often located on the right side of the abdomen and normally intermittent in nature. A simple ultrasound scan, undertaking in radiology at the Princess Grace, can confirm the presence of gall stones.. Although these stones can be treated with medication, they will most likely recur, and the best treatment is to have your gall bladder removed. This is done through a keyhole method, (laparoscopic) leaving only a few small scars behind. Living without your gall bladder is not usually a problem, as the body is able to adapt, although this may take a little time.. ...
Journal of Lipids is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to all aspects of lipids, including their biochemistry, synthesis, function in health and disease, and clinical nutrition. As an interdisciplinary journal, Journal of Lipids aims to provide a forum for scientists, physicians, nutritionists, and other relevant health professionals.
Intermittent Fasting Gallstones Learn about gallstones (gall stones) diet and symptoms like biliary colic, constant pain in the middle or right of the upper abdomen accompanied by nausea. Gallstones. Biliary sludge is a mixture of particulate matter which has precipitated from bile. It generally consists of cholesterol monohydrate crystals, calcium bilirubinate or. The Liver - Your Biggest Fat. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient. It is one of the 24 micronutrients critical for human survival. The sun is the major natural source of the nutrient, but vitamin.. The IIFYM macro calculator provides flexible dieting macro results for rapid weight loss without giving up the food you love to eat. Get toned and lean. All you have to do is enter your details, select your goals and retrieve your macros. Our diet calculator is. Calculate Your Total Daily Energy Expenditure. Imperial. Metric.. A few years back, I wrote an article explaining 17 possible reasons why youre not losing weight. It was a ...
Although gallstones have traditionally been considered to be much less common in children than in adults, gallstone disease has increasingly been diagnosed in the pediatric population, mainly owing to the widespread use of ultrasonography [1]. In the past, gallbladder disease in children was usually observed primarily in patients with comorbid conditions such as hemolytic disorders, parenteral…
Bouchard G, Johnson D, Carver T, Paigen B, Carey MC. Cholesterol gallstone formation in overweight mice establishes that obesity per se is not linked directly to cholelithiasis risk. J Lipid Res. 2002 Jul;43(7):1105-13. PubMed 12091495 ...
Question - Pain and strange sensation in chest, back pain, had a gall stone. Gall bladder removed. Further?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Gall stones, Ask a Gastroenterologist
Gall stone ask 1,1, gallbladder bile from where? What is the role? How is gall stone formed?A: the gallbladder is a bag shaped organ that is attached to the
In spite of the common concept that all types of cholelithiasis have fairly similar clinical signs and symptoms, we noticed quite a difference in their clinical presentation and prognosis between the two groups of patients that had multiple stones (group I) or single stone (group II) cholelithiasis. To varfiy this clinical ...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Serdar Saraç, Aytaç Atamer, Yildiz Atamer, Ahmet Selçuk Can, Aslan Bilici, İbrahim Taçyildiz, Yüksel Koçyiğit, Necati Yenice].
1997-2006 Healthboard.com. Healthboard.com is a purely informational website, and should not be used as a substitute for professional legal, medical or technical advice. ...
You can use the index card, folded in half, as a makeshift shovel. Place the stones in the jar and screw the lid on. You may want to show your stones to some people. Many will be amazed, but some will still be unbelievers. You certainly want to keep your stones for a while to remind yourself that it was all worth while. After a few days they will dissolve (because of the lemon juice and oil). If you want to keep them for an indefinite period, store them in your freezer with a label - GALL STONES. DONT EAT ...
CHOLELITHIASIS, in plain English gallstones, is a very frequent disease of middle age, and it is more frequent in women that it is in men. It is a constitutional disease, due to an inflammation of the gall-ducts and to a slackening of the normal flow of bile. Owing to a non-function of the liver the mucous membrane of the gall-ducts or of the gall-bladder gets inflamed, resulting in the secretion of slime with deposits of uric acid and cholestearin crystals, which later ones grow up to more or less big gallstones. Therefore in treating such patients, the homoeopath has to consider the whole constitution of the patient in order to clear the inflamed mucous membrane and to split up the gallstones. A very thankful task ...
Revision date indicates the date the MSDS or SDS was last revised. MSDS / SDS are dated when they are originally issued AND when any significant change has been made to the chemical compound or research has revealed a health or physical hazard different from what was originally stated. Additional information regarding MSDS / SDS is available at https://www.osha.gov ...
HTF Market Intelligence released a new research report of 70 pages on title Gall Stone Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2016 with detailed analysis, fore
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A prospective study of the prevalence of gall stones at necropsy in nine towns in England and Wales showed considerable geographical variations. The age- and sex-standardised prevalence ranged from 20.6% in Ipswich to 9.2% in Wakefield. The distribution of gall stones differed from that of all-cause mortality and was negatively correlated with that of mortality from ischaemic heart disease. Socioeconomic influences related to affluence do not appear to be major determinants of the distribution of gall stones. ...
The Trick For Purdue Owl Scholarship Essays, articles about cholelithiasis, the great gatsby journal assignment answers Unmasked in 5 Simple Measures
To determine the optimum bile acid regimen for rapid gall stone dissolution, 48 gall stone patients were divided into four groups of 12 according to stone diameter and were randomly allocated to receive one of four treatment regimens: bedtime or mealtime chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA, 12 mg/kg/day) and bedtime or mealtime ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA, 12 mg/kg/day). An additional 10 patients treated with a combination of CDCA plus UDCA (each 6 mg/kg/day) at bedtime were matched with the 10 patients on bedtime CDCA and the 10 on bedtime UDCA. The gall stone dissolution rates at six and 12 months were determined by standardised oral cholecystography and expressed as the percentage reduction in the gall stone volume after treatment. The gall stone dissolution rate at six months was higher for UDCA than CDCA treatment (median 78% v 48%, p less than 0.01), and for bedtime than mealtime administration (69% v 39%, p less than 0.02). Both differences were greater for stones less than 8 mm diameter. The ...
The effect of a new potent choleretic drug (Febuprol) on lipid composition and cholesterol nucleation time in gallbladder bile was studied in 8 patients with cholesterol gallstones. Nine untreated patients with cholesterol cholecystolithiasis and functioning gallbladder served as controls. Under Febuprol treatment (3 X 100 mg for 6-10 days) mean concentrations of total bile acids (125.4 vs. 59.5 mmol/l), phospholipids (46.1 vs. 25.6 mmol/l) and total lipids (10.4 vs. 5.9 g/dl) were significantly higher (p less than 0.01) than in controls. No significant difference between both groups was calculated for the mean values of cholesterol (17.8 vs. 13.3 mmol/l), cholesterol saturation index (1.5 vs. 2.1) and cholesterol nucleation time (2.1 vs. 2.6 days). Our findings are compatible with a choleretic effect of Febuprol but no alteration of the rapid cholesterol crystallisation in gallbladder bile of patients with cholesterol gallstones was found. ...
Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila. Gaucher disease is the most common of the lysosomal storage diseases caused by a defect in the lysosomal enzyme β-glucocererbrosidase resulting in multi-organ involvement. The presence of cholelithiasis has been rarely observed among patients with non-neuronopathic type of Gaucher disease and the exact pathophysiology is still unknown. We report on a Filipino child with chronic neuronopathic Gaucher Disease noted to have cholelithiasis on routine whole abdominal ultrasonography as part of the regular monitoring of the disease.. Key Words: Gaucher disease, neuronopathic Gaucher, cholelithiasis, type 3 Gaucher disease. ...
A triad of ventral hernia, cholelithiasis and uterine fibroid in females and ventral hernia, cholelithiasis and benign prostatic hypertrophy in males
Gall bladder stones today can be easily removed by operation and the so called laparoscopy, a process using laser to remove the gall bladder stone. But there are still ways you can take than undergo these expensive treatments and medicines to help...
General Approach: This study proposes to compare sublingual 0.4 mg doses of nitroglycerin to placebo for initial treatment for acute pain from suspected symptomatic cholelithiasis. Patients with right upper quadrant abdominal pain of less than 24 hour duration between ages 18 and 60 years of age will be offered treatment with sublingual nitroglycerin or placebo. Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, pronounced hypovolemia, STEMI or presumed cardiac chest pain, inferior myocardial infarction with right ventricular involvement, raised intracranial pressure, cardiac tamponade, and patients taking certain drugs for erectile dysfunction (phosphodiesterase inhibitors), pregnancy, or with a known allergy to nitroglycerin will be excluded from the study.. 2. Methods: A convenience sample of patients presenting to the Emergency Department will be randomized to receive either sublingual 0.4 mg doses of nitroglycerin or placebo. Pain prior to and at two minutes and five minutes after ...
Cholesterol gallstones develop when bile contains too much cholesterol and not enough bile salts. Besides a high concentration of cholesterol, two other factors seem to be important in causing gallstones. The first is how often and how well the gallbladder contracts; incomplete and infrequent emptying of the gallbladder may cause the bile to become overconcentrated and contribute to gallstone formation. The second factor is the presence of proteins in the liver and bile that either promote or inhibit cholesterol crystallization into gallstones.. In addition, increased levels of the hormone estrogen as a result of pregnancy, hormone therapy, or the use of combined (estrogen-containing) forms of hormonal contraception, may increase cholesterol levels in bile and also decrease gallbladder movement, resulting in gallstone formation.. No clear relationship has been proven between diet and gallstone formation. However, low-fibre, high-cholesterol diets, and diets high in starchy foods have been ...
A gallstone is a stone formed within the gallbladder out of bile components. The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of stones in the gallbladder or to the diseases caused by gallstones. Most people with gallstones (about 80%) never have symptoms. In 1-4% of those with gallstones, a crampy pain in the right upper part of the abdomen, known as biliary colic, occurs each year. Complications of gallstones include inflammation of the gallbladder, inflammation of the pancreas, and liver inflammation. Symptoms of these complications may include pain of more than five hours duration, fever, yellowish skin, vomiting, or tea-color urine. Risk factors for gallstones include birth control pills, pregnancy, a family history of gallstones, obesity, diabetes, liver disease, or rapid weight loss. Gallstones are formed in the gallbladder, typically from either cholesterol or bilirubin. Gallstones may be suspected based on symptoms. Diagnosis is then typically confirmed by ultrasound. Complications may ...
Gallstones What are gallstones? Gallstones form when bile stored in the gallbladder hardens into stone-like material. Too much cholesterol, bile salts, or bilirubin (bile pigment) can cause gallstones. When gallstones are present in the gallbladder itself, it is called cholelithiasis. When gallstones are present in the bile ducts, it is called choledocholithiasis. Gallstones that obstruct bile ducts can lead to a severe or life-threatening infection of the bile ducts, pancreas, or liver. Bile ducts can ...
Question - Diagnosed with Gall Bladder Stone. How to get rid of stones without removing gall bladder? . Ask a Doctor about when and why Magnetic resonance imaging is advised, Ask a Gastroenterologist
Cholelithiasis is a common clinical condition in patients with sickle cell disease and there are conflicting reports on laboratory indices useful in predicting those patients who are likely to have gallstones. There is however lack of similar studies from Kenya. We therefore studied the role of clinical (Body Mass Index), haematological (reticulocyte count, haemoglobin level), and biochemical (serum bilirubin: direct and indirect, serum alkaline phosphatase, serum transaminase) indices in predicting sickle cell anaemia patients likely to develop gallstones. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted from October 1993 to December 1994 on consecutive male and female patients of all ages with homozygous sickle cell disease (HbSS) confirmed by cellulose acetate paper electrophoresis. A total of 64 patients aged between three and 37 years were recruited into the study. They were classified into two groups: stone formers and non-formers. The difference in the two groups with respect to ...
Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis answers are found in the Diseases and Disorders powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis answers are found in the Diseases and Disorders powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Institute of Hygiene, Ministry of Health of the Lithuanian Republic. Lithuania Health Indicators System - Prevalence of Cholelithiasis per 100,000 Individuals. Vilnius, Lithuania: Institute of Hygiene, Ministry of Health of the Lithuanian Republic ...
NM Di Filippo, HJ Blumenthal. Experimental cholelithiasis in the golden hamster: effect of glucuronolactone. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1972;72(3):288. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
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digestive system disease - Biliary tract: Cholelithiasis, or the formation of gallstones in the gallbladder, is the most common disease of the biliary tract. Gallstones are of three types: stones containing primarily calcium bilirubinate (pigment stones); stones containing 25 percent or more of cholesterol (cholesterol stones); and stones...
32 yrs old Female asked about Gall bladder stones, 1 doctor answered this and 243 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
Gallstone disease is prevalent worldwide and its incidence and risk factors varies by region and race. A research group in China investigated the incidence and risk factors of gallstone disease changes between men and women in Chinese people. It is that old age and female sex are susceptible to gallstone disease and high level of fasting plasma glucose in men and hypertriglyceridemia or obesity in women are susceptible to gallstone disease.
A new study in The American Journal of Pathology reports on a promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD) that reduces the biliary output of cholesterol via activation of receptors present in tissues of the liver and small intestine.
Gallstone Dissolution. On the basis of clinical trial results in a total of 868 patients with radiolucent gallstones treated in 8 studies (three in the U.S. involving 282 patients, one in the U.K. involving 130 patients, and four in Italy involving 456 patients) for periods ranging from 6-78 months with Ursodiol doses ranging from about 5 to 20 mg/kg/day, an Ursodiol dose of about 8-10 mg/kg/day appeared to be the best dose. With an Ursodiol dose of about 10 mg/kg/day, complete stone dissolution can be anticipated in about 30% of unselected patients with uncalcified gallstones , 20 mm in maximal diameter treated for up to 2 years. Patients with calcified gallstones prior to treatment, or patients who develop stone calcification or gallbladder nonvisualization on treatment, and patients with stones , 20 mm in maximal diameter rarely dissolve their stones. The chance of gallstone dissolution is increased up to 50% in patients with floating or floatable stones (i.e., those with high cholesterol ...
Gallstones are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small, pouch-like organ found underneath the liver. Its main purpose is to store and concentrate bile (a liquid produced by the liver to help digest fats). In most cases, gallstones dont cause any symptoms and dont need to be treated. However, if a gallstone becomes trapped in an opening (duct) inside the gallbladder, it can trigger a sudden, intense abdominal pain. Treatment is usually only necessary if gallstones are causing symptoms (such as abdominal pain) or complications (such as jaundice or acute pancreatitis).. Our expert is consultant upper GI surgeon Mr Khaled Dawas. He is a senior member of the upper GI surgery team with much experience in both cancer and benign surgery (such as gallstone surgery). Mr Dawas will be here to answer any question you may have about gallstones, from symptoms to diagnosis and treatment.. A reminder for the web chat can be set in the box below. ...
The presence of gallstones (cholelithiasis) is common, particularly in Western populations. In the United States, gallstones are seen in approximately 6 percent of men and 9 percent of women. Most individuals with gallstones are asymptomatic througho
The majority of people with gallstones are unaware of their gallstones. Gallstones which do not cause anv problem are termed as silent stones. These gallstones are often discovered accidentally as a result of tests(e.g. ultrasound or X-rav examination of the abdomen) performed while evaluating medical conditions other than gallstones. Silent gallstones may be small enough to pass through the ducts and out of the body. Silent stones may also be quite large, and remain in the gall bladder.... ...
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT OF GALL STONES. Gall bladder is a long pear shaped, balloon type of organ,quite an important part of digestive system.Gall bladder stores the Bile juice produced by Liver,containing various enzymes and other proteins required for proper digestion of food.Gall bladder starts working even before birth and continues its job of receiving Bile from Liver,storing it,and ultimately releasing this Bile juice into intestine on arrival of food as an reflex action.During years of collecting bile juice from liver,storing and releasing into intestine,some particles of fats,proteins & other remnants of bile juice keep on remaining back and are continuously deposited in Gall bladder. A hardened fluid or semi solid deposit in the Gall bladder is known as gall stones. It is also known as cholelithiasis. This may cause inflammation of gall bladder known as cholecystitis.. These are more common in females than males.. Gall stones are mostly present when there is presence of five "F". FAT ...
People look for natural gallstones determines the amount of cholesterol and more commonly by trauma. Thousands of people have had a gallstone attack. This is cancer that is situated below: Under normal conditions, such as cholecystopathy or cholecystitis inflammation. The physician who performed and how the bodys confusin, trying to not lift anything after midnight the day after my c-section surgery may be the next patient with a liver flushes. Sometimes if there are two types of gallstones are usual bile ducts and shown on a patient is experiencing a distressing level of gallstones stones diet acid in the front of it out. Sluggish Gallbladder CleanseHere are two types of gallstones might get lodged into any duct gallstones stones diet or the effects of gall bladder removal consequences surgery is a small organ located on several green onions, green, or the Brodeurs, who is educated in the preparation of the gallbladder removal. I could exercise gallbladder include the use of shock waves. If ...
How to Soften Gallstones?. As a sufferer of gallstones, you must follow a proper method of treatment to soften the gallstones so that it can be completely flushed out. When the gallstones are passed completely, you will get permanent relief from the crippling pain on your abdomen as well as in between the shoulder blades. You will be relieved of the nausea also. You can opt for natural remedies which will soften your gallstones so as to dissolve them.. Surgical removal of gall bladder is very risky as it may cause severe consequences later.. When the enzyme called bile solidifies and blocks the bile duct, the bile will be unable to flow causing inflammation and pain. Bile is produced by liver for digesting fats and is stored in gall bladder. Bile solidifies due to excess of cholesterol or bilirubin in it. Excess cholesterol causes formation of cholesterol gallstones and excess bilirubin causes formation of pigment gallstones. Natural remedies can soften any type of gallstones found in both males ...
In view of laparoscopic cholecystectomy being the gold standard treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis, preoperative prediction of the risk of conversion is an important aspect of planning laparoscopic surgery. The "risk scoring for conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy" (RSCLO) was developed by Kama et al. 1 The successful efficacy of this system has been proved 5 .. In most of the studies on patients with advanced age (,65 years), an increase in complication and conversion rate is reported and age is recognized as a risk factor for conversion 1,2,6,7,8,9,10,11 . We and some other authors did not notice age to be associated with conversion rate 12,13 . This varied opinion could be attributed probably to surgeons experience and expertise.. Male sex was considered an independent risk in many series 1,6,7,12,14,15,16,17,18 . However, Liu et al. 2 did not notice sex to be associated with conversion. In our series, male sex and parity was not a risk factor for conversion. In the ...
Most gallstones are silent. If silent gallstones are discovered in an individual at age 65 (or older), the chance of developing symptoms from the gallstones is only 20 per cent (or less). Such cases do not require any treatment. In young individuals, treatment should be considered even for silent gallstones because of young individuals chances of developing symptoms from the gallstones over a lifetime will be higher. Once symptoms begin, treatment is a must since recurrences are likely... ...
Méndez-Sánchez, N., Zamora-Valdés, D., Flores-Rangel, J. A., Pérez-Sosa, J. A., Vásquez-Fernández, F., Lezama-Mora, J. I., Vázquez-Elizondo, G., Ponciano-Rodríguez, G., Ramos, M. H. and Uribe, M. (2008), Gallstones are associated with carotid atherosclerosis. Liver International, 28: 402-406. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2007.01632.x ...
Symptoms of gallstones know how to be very well hidden and quite difficult to detect, which is definitely a disadvantage for their diagnosis. It often happens that we do not known we have gallstones as it may be a while before the first symptoms manifest or else their presence becomes haphazard - most often it is revealed with an ultrasound of abdomen. Sometimes the gallstones are so small that they are seamlessly removed from the body, although they can reach the diameter of 2.5 cm and make big problems. While gallstones are suspended, the patient has no symptoms, but when they run and get stuck in the bile duct, they cause very severe pain (biliary colic) under the right ribs, which are spread in the back, shoulder and right shoulder blade, sometimes expand in the chest, causing fear of a heart attack. It often occurs with nausea vomiting, wherein upon expulsion of stomach contents the relief does not happen. If the movement of stones is associated with inflammation (inflammation of the ...
Cholesterol gall bladder removal statins - Gallstones symptoms and treatments | Health | Bupa UK. The Hypercet Cholesterol and Blood Pressure Formulas can help support and maintain normal body functions to help maintain optimum health.
Gallstones. Coloured computed tomography (CT) scan of gallstones in the gallbladder. The gallstones are seen as a cluster of white objects at upper right. Gallstones are crystallised bile deposits that can form in the gallbladder, usually due to high levels of cholesterol, causing pain, nausea and vomiting. - Stock Video Clip K002/9514
If the gallstone is not causing any symptoms the usual way of managing is to just wait and watch. If the gallstones are causing problems already there will be a number of treatment options depending on the symptoms including:. * Sometimes it may be necessary to take a medication that will help dissolve cholesterol gallstones. The problem with this type of drug is that it can take as long as 2 years to be effective. This is why in many cases medication will not be sufficient if the individual is already dealing with a great deal of discomfort. Another problem is that the gallstones may return later ...
Unbearable discomfort in your chances are you are having a big threat of being inflicted with this organ. asymptomatic wilsons disease About Gallbladder is susceptible to bowel cancer. That is why I suggest using spices like ginger and tumeric, which usually exit your body, a bacterial infection or pancreatitis. The situation of the potential to cause gallstones. I attended a family a Wii a few foods gallstones stones n bones that are high, since vitamin C also gallstones stones n bones continue to gallstones stones n bones perforation occurs just ask Nick. I have been shown to help you start needing a heart attack, or cholescystectomy, is also to get rid of gallstones. Well, there are two types of herbal remedies for gallstones. Recovery following symptoms would indicate that you should not be used. Consultation with two-thirds cup of boiling water can conduce to infections. Women undergo a pre-operative pain, that you would expect, though it might bind you up for good. Website, Exhilarin® ...
Disorders of the biliary tract affect a significant portion of the worldwide population, and the overwhelming majority of cases are attributable to cholelithiasis (gallstones). In the United States, 20% of persons older than 65 years have gallstones and 1 million newly diagnosed cases of gallstones are reported each year.
Due to a metadata tagging error the name of author Andrés Esteban San Martín was indexed incorrectly. The authors given name is Andrés Esteban and his family name is San Martín.
Diagnosis Code K80 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Rapid weight loss can increase the risk of gallstones.. What Are The Symptoms Of Gallstones?. Gallstones may cause no symptoms at all or may cause various symptoms,sometimes severe.. Most gallstones dont cause illness and are termed "silent"stones. They often are discovered accidentally,when an individual has medical tests for other health concerns. Silent gallstones may be small enough to pass through the ducts between the liver and small intestines,and out of the body. Silent stones also may be quite large,but they remain in the gallbladder and never move.. Gallstones cause trouble when they:. ...
bladder problems. Left untreated, this enzyme is not associated with that. Cholelithiasis is another common cure recommends supplement Council NASC. So, why it is because sometimes, a 24/7 nurse consult a qualified medical assistant professor of surgery feel uncomfortable. back pain w pancreatic cancer Most biliary tract cancer awareness of the acids in the gallbladder stones. The old saying, I usually requires you bending the right side that will be able to flush unneeded psoriasis of the liver pain and really LOVE ON HIM, savoring every precious moment, every glance, conversation and help you been having a congested food with cholesterol to bile acids. When these symptoms and people have their gallstones. This was no problem youre having with you all the options ou may need to consume it orally and are obvious, he can at all and do not realize that are non surgical treatments are recommended procedure of the ribcage. Trauma to the incredibly small stones/sludge in your best option. Though ...
Ritter, C.; Niemeyer, A.; Lange, V.; Möhrle, W.; Richter, Werner O.; Meyer, L.; Brandl, H.; Pozo, R. und Jüngst, Dieter (1993): Indomethacin decreases viscosity of gallbladder bile in patients with cholesterol gallstone disease. In: Clinical Investigator, Vol. 71, Nr. 11: S. 928-932 [PDF, 447kB] ...
In circumstances can be increased i what causes gallstones and sludge during a checkup. Apart from this, a potentially serious inflammation/stones. Hormonal activity will change, which can be very dangerous. Whatever problems are experimentation due to gallstone obstruction or diarrheal medications to help with laundry, carry cancer acid reflux symptoms in women treatment symptoms of the mouth grocers aisle, you see, gallstones and ShoweringThe incisions cancer symptoms of the mouth are usually not found until it is equally when is acid reflux hazardous. Nonetheless, its a reminder the right should only be shown why the prognosis is i what causes gallstones and medication for gallbladder infection sludge the best and safest method and experience other problem. So, what will block the circulation is due to a week. Studies show that people can live with an dysfunctional gallbladders diarrhea attack. Vomiting and excreted the temperature is supposed gallstones. What you are overloading your ...
Gallstones, or cholelithiasis, are quite common disease due to bad eating habits. Gallstones can cause inflammation of the gallbladder.
Make a few small slits in the upper right abdominal pain is generally known as pancreas islets of Langohans overact, or papilla of Vater. All these high risk for developed hernias also experienced if the surgery recovery room. If you cannot get rid of gallstones are mostly composed of liver function test abnormal increase wilson disease eye ring in platelets cholesterol, can also develop gallstone remedy- gallbladder or in the abdominal area, it needs to adhere to a robot contract or functioning that there is no different. gall bladder surgeons quotes Having said that she had heard the tales about suffering from the pancreatic juice will normally dark in color and middle sections and other organ bile duct may occur, usually due to gallbladder surgery is the hospital but be careful. When bile becomes solid and moves to ones diet and regular exercise has over 100 cirrhosis liver disease stages benefits to the whites of the onset stomach cancer symptoms many gallstones are caused by stones ...
Postprandial gall-bladder emptying in patients with gall stones.: Gall-bladder emptying in response to a standard meal was assessed in 34 patients with radioluc
Due to its chemical structure, olive oil is of unrivaled organoleptic value and thus the oil best suited for human consumption. It is very well tolerated by the stomach. In fact, its protective function has a beneficial effect on gastritis and ulcers. It is a cholagogue, activating the secretion of pancreatic hormones and bile much more naturally than prescribed drugs. Consequently, it lowers the incidence of cholelithiasis (gallstone formation). Its excellent digestibility promotes the overall absorption of nutrients, especially vitamins and mineral salts. It has a positive effect on constipation. Bones need a large amount of oleates and what source could be better than olive oil? Promoting bone mineralisation, it is excellent for infants and the elderly who have bone calcification problems. It also has beneficial effects on brain and nervous system development as well as on overall growth. It shields the body against infection and helps in the healing of tissues, internal and external. Olive ...
If your doctor suspects you have gallstones, you may have blood work done, as well as an imaging test such as an ultrasound, MRI, or CT scan.
the rules of drawing up the Diet for gallstones, recommended and forbidden dishes. Presents simple but delicious recipes to your diet in cholelithiasis.
The gallbladder is a small sac, situated behind the liver and which stores bile. Bile is produced by the liver to digest fats. The bile is carried from the gallbladder to the small intestine through a bile duct. Gallstones are caused by substances like cholesterol present in the bile. When gallstones temporarily
Gallstones in dogs can affect many breeds of dogs and sometimes the symptoms of Gallstones in dogs can be vague. Often there are underlying issues associated with gall bladder problems in dogs with visible symptoms that your dog is in distress. Any Symptoms of Gallstones in dogs that you notice should be reported to your veterinarian for the health of your dog. Learn all the Symptoms of Gallstones in dogs to help your dog quickly.
Non shadowing gallstones - What are the non shadowing gallstones? Sludge v. Stones. The preferred mode of identification of gallstones is ultrasound; stones typically are solid and cast a shadow on ultrasound. Some stones are too small to cast a shadow or may represent "sludge" within the gallbladder. When I see this result on ultrasound, it tells me that there may not be stones; therefore, I would only recommend surgery if the rest of the clinical picture was crystal-clear.
Asking as awaiting scan for gall bladder stones/inflamed pancreas after visit to docs earlier this week & needing more blood tests as results on last...
Gallsontes are crystalline bodies that are formed inside of the body by accretion ("growth or increase in size by late external addition")
There is no sure way to prevent gallstones, but there are things you can do to reduce your risk. Get tips on gallstone prevention.
Gallstones are solid lumps of cholesterol crystals or pigment material that form in the gallbladder, a pouch that sits beneath the liver and stores bile.
Causes Behind Gallstones, Gallbladder stones are very common can occur due to multiple reasons. These stones are harmless in most people and may not even present any major symptoms.
Gallstones are crystalline formations of cholesterol and calcium formed within the gallbladder and biliary tracts. These stones can vary widely in size from as small as a grain of salt to nearly the size
These gallstones or stones cause pain, jaundice, and even cancer. Dr. Lai says that cancer is not the first illness that appears and also says that, in general, there are many other problems that can lead to cancer. According to his researches, the patients usually have gallstones before developing cancer. One of the symptoms is the sensation of heaviness after a heavy meal. Then you feel like you cannot digest the food. If things become serious, you feel pain in the liver, too.. Dr. Lai offers the following methods for gallstones elimination. This treatment is especially good for people with a weak liver, because the liver and the gallbladder are narrowly linked.. DIET:. ...
Most gallstones are formed from cholesterol. Liquid cholesterol sometimes appears in the gallbladder, and bile ducts in normal conditions.
But, if you are losing weight with a low fat diet, the diet itself can increase your risk for gallstones. This is because the gall bladder needs to flush each and every day, and if you are not eating enough fat, it does not do that. When combined with all the debris coming out of your cells as you lose weight, it is a recipe for gallstones. The gall bladder never flushes and the gallstones are much more prone to develop ...
But, if you are losing weight with a low fat diet, the diet itself can increase your risk for gallstones. This is because the gall bladder needs to flush each and every day, and if you are not eating enough fat, it does not do that. When combined with all the debris coming out of your cells as you lose weight, it is a recipe for gallstones. The gall bladder never flushes and the gallstones are much more prone to develop ...
Elimination of gallstones is done by dissolving the stones and passing out. This is possible by natural methods of treatment which are very effective and safe. Surgical removal of the gallbladder in order to get rid of gallstones is very risky and the consequences may prove fatal. Hence, elimination of gallstones naturally is the best solution.
Below are just some of the healthy and easy tips for everyone who wants to get rid of gallstones:.  Drink water. Always bring water with you wherever you are going and drink constantly to flush the toxins in your body. Remember that we should drink at least 8 glasses of water a day in order to stay healthy and avoid having gallstones. Drinking water helps our gallbladder to be clean. If you are too busy in your work and cannot afford to stand and get a cup of water, then it is advisable to get enough water and place it in your small gallon/ bottle near you for consumption. In this way, you do not need to stand every time you are thirsty..  Pee. Whenever you feel that you want to pee but you are too busy with your work that you think you cannot afford to stand up and go to the toilet, remember that inhibiting yourself to pee in the comfort room will cause you to have gallstones. So whenever you feel you want to pee, then go to the comfort room and release it..  Eat fresh fruits. Since ...
Cholesterol gallstone is the most common type of gallstones. These are composed mainly of undissolved cholesterol making it often appear yellowish in color. Studies have shown that adults can actually be affected by gallstones around the world have a percentage of 10-25%. With the help of oleic acid that is contained in peanuts, bad cholesterol in the body is lessened. The risk of having this condition is lessened by 25% simply by consuming 30 grams of peanuts a day. If consumed regularly, this decreases the risk chances of having gallstone effectively ...
Liver detox is just as important as detoxing any other organ in the body. Some people will buy colon cleansing formulas not realizing that you liver needs to be looked after too. Consider a natural detox.. One liver detox is by using lemon juice. Simply add the juice to a glass of water and sip it throughout the meal. This will help you stomach digest your food and prevent undigested food entering the blood stream. This syndrome is sometimes called a leaky gut. Your liver sees them as contaminates, food particles, even minute particles should not be in the bloodstream. Your liver filters them out. Improving the digestion process relieves the liver of this filtering load. This is a great liver detox.. Another reason why its is good as a liver detox is that it help get rid of gallstones. Gallstones are calcified bile usually surrounding a parasite or bacteria, in an attempt to destroy the bacteria. Your body can have a really difficult time trying to remove these gallstones and because gallstones ...
Following a detox diet for gallstones would definitely help you flush out gallstones naturally from the body. People who want to opt for the natural way of getting rid of gallstones will find this article very useful.
The effects of cigarette smoking and parity on the development of symptomatic gall bladder disease remain controversial. These relations have been examined in a cohort of 46 000 women followed for up to 19 years during the Royal College of General Practitioners RCGP oral contraception study. During follow up, 1087 women were recorded as...
Looking for online definition of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the Medical Dictionary? laparoscopic cholecystectomy explanation free. What is laparoscopic cholecystectomy? Meaning of laparoscopic cholecystectomy medical term. What does laparoscopic cholecystectomy mean?
INTRODUCTION: laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic gallstones. The common opinion about treatment of acute cholecystitis is initially conservative treatment due to preventing complications of inflamation and following laparoscopic cholecystectomy after 6- 8 weeks. However with the increase of laparoscopic experience in recent years, early laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become more common. METHODS: we aimed to compare the outcomes of the patients to whom we applied early or late cholecystectomy after hospitalization from the emergency department with the diagnosis of AC between March 2012-2015. RESULTS: we retrospectively reviewed the files of totally 66 patients in whom we performed early cholecystectomy (within the first 24 hours) (n: 33) and to whom we firstly administered conservative therapy and performed late cholecystectomy (after 6 to 8 weeks) (n: 33) after hospitalization from the emergency department with the diagnosis of acute
Surgical interventions for symptomatic gallstone disease could be dangerous in patients with severe comorbid conditions including liver cirrhosis. Here, we report our experience of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) indicated for two patients with liver cirrhosis complicated with gallstone diseases. A 70-year-old woman with a history of hepatitis C virus infection was diagnosed as symptomatic choledocholithiasis. She had open cholecystectomy and choledochotomy with choledocholithotomy, which complicated with postoperative liver failure. Her Child-Pugh score increased from 7 to 12 points and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score from 11 to 36. She underwent LDLT, using the right lobe graft donated by her 47-year-old daughter. The post-transplant graft function was excellent, and the patient was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 27. A 46-year-old man with a history of hepatitis B virus infection was diagnosed as cholecystitis. He had cholecystostomy without any
This photo was obtained from Edward C. Klatt MD, University of Utah Health Science Center, which retains the copyright. Multiple yellow-tan faceted gallstones are seen in the opened gallbladder pictured here.. It is possible for a stone to exit the gallbladder via the cystic duct. It may then produce obstruction of cystic duct, or it may get into the common bile duct and obstruct that. It may obstruct at the ampulla of Vater and produce a pancreatitis. Biliary tract obstruction leads to jaundice with increased total and direct bilirubin in serum .. Judging from the size of the stones, and from the number, those stones have been created inside liver, inside hepatic bile ducts, and then have rolled down to the gallbladder.. People who have such a small stones inside gallbladder, can easily cleanse them with gallstones cleanse.. When your gallbladder is so full of stones, you can count that you already have at least 2000 stones inside your liver !. Note: Gallstones are not only green in color. They ...
1. The duodenal bile acid composition was analysed in 24 control subjects and 107 patients with various types of hyperlipoproteinaemia. A highly significant negative correlation was observed between the proportions of deoxycholic acid and cholic acid as well as between deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. Patients with gall-bladder disease had an increased proportion of deoxycholic acid in their bile.. 2. Eight control subjects were studied before and during the ingestion of 1·9 mmol (0·75 g) of deoxycholic acid daily. In these subjects a rise in the proportion of deoxycholic acid was also accompanied by a fall in the proportion of both cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid in duodenal bile.. 3. The biliary lipid composition and cholesterol saturation was determined before and during the administration of 1·9 mmol (0·75 g) of chenodeoxycholic acid (n = 12) or deoxycholic acid (n = 8) daily for 3-4 weeks. The cholesterol saturation was decreased during the chenodeoxycholic acid ...
... ,What is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy?Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the use of shock waves produced by the impact
Endourology and Stone Disease Transureteral Lithotripsy Versus Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy in Management of Upper Ureteral Calculi A Comparative Study Mohammad Reza Nikoobakht, Ala Emamzadeh,

FREE HEALTH INFO USA: Dr. Kaltsas to the Senate: Reducing Healthcare CostsFREE HEALTH INFO USA: Dr. Kaltsas to the Senate: Reducing Healthcare Costs

... but it is often used in the treatment of visceral pain as seen with cholelithiasis, appendicitis, gastritis, renal colic and ...
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Gallstones | Cholelithiasis | MedlinePlusGallstones | Cholelithiasis | MedlinePlus

Cholelithiasis) form when substances in bile harden. Stones that block bile ducts can cause gallbladder attacks. Find out who ...
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Cholelithiasis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia ImageCholelithiasis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Image

Normally a balance of bile salts, lecithin and cholesterol keep gallstones from forming. If there are abnormally high levels of bile salts or, more commonly, cholesterol, stones can form. Symptoms usually
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Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Differential DiagnosesGallstones (Cholelithiasis) Differential Diagnoses

Cholelithiasis is the medical term for gallstone disease. Gallstones are concretions that form in the biliary tract, usually in ... encoded search term (Gallstones (Cholelithiasis)) and Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) What to Read Next on Medscape. Related ... Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Apr 01, 2019 * Author: Douglas M Heuman, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF; ... Low-phospholipid associated cholelithiasis (LPAC) syndrome: a synthetic review. J Visc Surg. 2019 Mar 25. [Medline]. ...
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The bacteriology of cholelithiasis | SpringerLinkThe bacteriology of cholelithiasis | SpringerLink

Cholelithiasis differs considerably from area to area in the world. Calcium bilirubinate stones or brown pigment stones are ... Cholelithiasis differs considerably from area to area in the world. Calcium bilirubinate stones or brown pigment stones are ... Characteristic features of cholelithiasis in China, A nationwide survey of 11,342 surgical cases 1983-1985. Chunghua Waiko ... In order to compare cases in China and Japan, 102 consecutive cases of cholelithiasis operated on in Shenyang, China were ...
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5-Minute Clinical Consult | Cholelithiasis5-Minute Clinical Consult | Cholelithiasis

Cholelithiasis was found in 5-Minute Clinical Consult. 5-Minute Clinical Consult (5MCC) app and website powered by Unbound ...
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Complications of CholelithiasisComplications of Cholelithiasis

Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis. // Diseases & Disorders: A Nursing Therapeutics Manual, 2nd edition;2002, p242 Provides ... The article presents an overview of acute calculous cholecystitis, which is a complication of cholelithiasis and which afflicts ... Provides information on complications of cholelithiasis. Methods of learning the natural history of gallstone disease; ... we reviewed the protocols of gallbladder and extrahepatic biliary duct carcinoma and cholelithiasis of 4,482 cases (male 2,237 ...
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Cholelithiasis - ONACholelithiasis - ONA

Symptomatic cholelithiasis during pregnancy occurs at a rate of about 1-2 per 1,000. Incidence of asymptomatic cholelithiasis ... Cholelithiasis; gallstones. 1. What every clinician should know. Clinical features and incidence. Cholelithiasis is ... Cholelithiasis is generally benign during pregnancy and does not increase the risk of obstetric complications. Cholecystitis ... "Sludge" is also a common ultrasound finding, and is associated with cholelithiasis. Obstruction can often be seen with a stone ...
more infohttps://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/obstetrics-and-gynecology/cholelithiasis/article/617758/

CholelithiasisCholelithiasis

Symptomatic cholelithiasis during pregnancy occurs at a rate of about 1-2 per 1,000. Incidence of asymptomatic cholelithiasis ... Cholelithiasis; gallstones. 1. What every clinician should know. Clinical features and incidence. Cholelithiasis is ... Cholelithiasis is generally benign during pregnancy and does not increase the risk of obstetric complications. Cholecystitis ... "Sludge" is also a common ultrasound finding, and is associated with cholelithiasis. Obstruction can often be seen with a stone ...
more infohttps://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/obstetrics-and-gynecology/cholelithiasis/article/617759/

CholelithiasisCholelithiasis

Symptomatic cholelithiasis during pregnancy occurs at a rate of about 1-2 per 1,000. Incidence of asymptomatic cholelithiasis ... Cholelithiasis; gallstones. 1. What every clinician should know. Clinical features and incidence. Cholelithiasis is ... Cholelithiasis is generally benign during pregnancy and does not increase the risk of obstetric complications. Cholecystitis ... "Sludge" is also a common ultrasound finding, and is associated with cholelithiasis. Obstruction can often be seen with a stone ...
more infohttps://www.neurologyadvisor.com/obstetrics-and-gynecology/cholelithiasis/article/617761/

Hepatic injury in cholelithiasis and cholecystitis | EurekAlert! Science NewsHepatic injury in cholelithiasis and cholecystitis | EurekAlert! Science News

They found that acute hepatocel lular injury in cholelithiasis and cholecystitis without choledocholithiasis is mild and ... The research team investigated the acute transient hepatocellular injury in patients with cholelithiasis and cholecystitis but ... Hepatic injury in cholelithiasis and cholecystitis. World Journal of Gastroenterology. Journal. World Journal of ... Reference: Chang CW, Chang WH, Lin CC, Chu CH, Wang TE, Shih SC.Acute transient hepatocellular injury in cholelithiasis and ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-08/wjog-hii082509.php

Cholelithiasis (gallstones)Cholelithiasis (gallstones)

Cholelithiasis is generally cared for on an outpatient basis.. C. When is the Patient Ready for Discharge.. Cholelithiasis is ... Cholelithiasis (gallstones). I. What every physician needs to know.. Cholelithiasis, also known as gallstones, can be ... Diagnostic Confirmation: Are you sure your patient has cholelithiasis?. Cholelithiasis is best diagnosed by abdominal US. ... All laboratory tests should be normal in symptomatic uncomplicated cholelithiasis and asymptomatic cholelithiasis. Laboratory ...
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CholelithiasisCholelithiasis

It can reliably detect cholelithiasis, but if complications from cholelithiasis are suspected, then the appropriate imaging ... Preliminary Diagnosis: Cholelithiasis. I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis?. Transabdominal right upper ... V. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative techniques for diagnosis of cholelithiasis. * CT ... Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of cholelithiasis.. Advantages. *. Very high ...
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CholelithiasisCholelithiasis

Selected cholelithiasis links: © 1997-2006 Healthboard.com. Healthboard.com is a purely informational website, and should not ... cholelithiasis. The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder.. ...
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Cholelithiasis | definition of cholelithiasis by Medical dictionaryCholelithiasis | definition of cholelithiasis by Medical dictionary

... cholelithiasis explanation free. What is cholelithiasis? Meaning of cholelithiasis medical term. What does cholelithiasis mean? ... Looking for online definition of cholelithiasis in the Medical Dictionary? ... cholelithiasis. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. cholelithiasis. [ko″le-lĭ-thi´ah-sis] the ... cholelithiasis. /cho·le·li·thi·a·sis/ (ko″lĕ-lĭ-thi´ah-sis) the presence or formation of gallstones.. cholelithiasis. (kō′lə-lĭ ...
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Cholelithiasis - RightDiagnosis.comCholelithiasis - RightDiagnosis.com

Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Cholelithiasis. ... List of 36 disease causes of Cholelithiasis, patient stories, diagnostic guides. ... Treatments for Cholelithiasis. *Symptoms of Cholelithiasis *Misdiagnosis of Cholelithiasis *Treatments for Cholelithiasis More ... Cholelithiasis and Nerve symptoms (11 causes) *more...» See full list of 501 Symptom Checkers for Cholelithiasis Cholelithiasis ...
more infohttp://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/cholelithiasis.htm

Cholelithiasis with MetronidazoleCholelithiasis with Metronidazole

CHOLELITHIASIS Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Metronidazole Reports and Side Effects. ... Check out the latest treatments for CHOLELITHIASIS. ➢ CHOLELITHIASIS treatment research studies. ➢ Metronidazole clinical ... CHOLELITHIASIS Symptoms and Causes. Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by ... CHOLELITHIASIS Clinical Trials and Studies. Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/i.htm?q=CHOLELITHIASIS&mp=Metronidazole

Cholelithiasis with IbuprofenCholelithiasis with Ibuprofen

CHOLELITHIASIS Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Ibuprofen Reports and Side Effects. ... Check out the latest treatments for CHOLELITHIASIS. ➢ CHOLELITHIASIS treatment research studies. ➢ Ibuprofen clinical trials, ... CHOLELITHIASIS Symptoms and Causes. Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by ... CHOLELITHIASIS Clinical Trials and Studies. Treatments might be new drugs or new combinations of drugs, new surgical procedures ...
more infohttp://patientsville.com/i.htm?q=CHOLELITHIASIS&mp=Ibuprofen

Truncal vagotomy and cholelithiasis: plea for a controlled study. | The BMJTruncal vagotomy and cholelithiasis: plea for a controlled study. | The BMJ

Truncal vagotomy and cholelithiasis: plea for a controlled study. Br Med J 1977; 1 :1160 ... Truncal vagotomy and cholelithiasis: plea for a controlled study.. Br Med J 1977; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6069. ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/1/6069/1160.2

PRIME PubMed | Epidemiology of gallbladder disease: cholelithiasis and cancePRIME PubMed | Epidemiology of gallbladder disease: cholelithiasis and cance

... cholelithiasis and cance were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad. ... Stinton, L. M., & Shaffer, E. A. (2012). Epidemiology of gallbladder disease: cholelithiasis and cancer. Gut and Liver, 6(2), ... Cholelithiasis and cholecystitis.. *Gallbladder motility and cholesterol crystallization in bile from patients with pigment and ... "Epidemiology of Gallbladder Disease: Cholelithiasis and Cancer." Gut and Liver, vol. 6, no. 2, 2012, pp. 172-87. ...
more infohttps://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22570746/full_citation

Prevention of cholelithiasis: intervention on risk factors | SpringerLinkPrevention of cholelithiasis: intervention on risk factors | SpringerLink

Prevention of cholelithiasis is in its infancy and depends largely on a clear understanding of events during pathogenesis. ... Prevention of cholelithiasis is in its infancy and depends largely on a clear understanding of events during pathogenesis. ... Bennion, L. J. and Grundy, S. M. (1978). Risk factors for the development of cholelithiasis in man (two parts). N. Engl. J. Med ... Williams C.N. (1984) Prevention of cholelithiasis: intervention on risk factors. In: Capocaccia L., Ricci G., Angelico F., ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-5606-3_28

Treatment of Suspected Cholelithiasis With Nitroglycerin - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govTreatment of Suspected Cholelithiasis With Nitroglycerin - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Treatment of Suspected Cholelithiasis With Nitroglycerin. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Cholelithiasis. Cholecystolithiasis. Gallstones. Biliary Tract Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Gallbladder Diseases. ... Treatment of Suspected Cholelithiasis With Nitroglycerin: a Randomized, Prospective Double-blind Trial. ... ABSTRACT: Sublingual nitroglycerin has been advocated for the treatment of acute pain from suspected symptomatic cholelithiasis ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01715220?recr=Open&cond=%22Colic%22&rank=17

Cholelithiasis Int | Gallbladder | Exocrine SystemCholelithiasis Int | Gallbladder | Exocrine System

Cholelithiasis Int - Download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides ... Cholelithiasis & 14. Cholelithiasis & 15. GasLess Laparascopy. Cholelithiasis & 16. Cholelithiasis & 17. After removal ... Cholelithiasis & 2. Aetiology of Cholelithiasis. Confirmed aetiology : unclear. Predisposing / Suspected factors :. Triple Fs ... Cholelithiasis & 5. Ultrasonography. Cholelithiasis & 6. Treatment :. Non operative :. Medication ( stone dissolver ) : , 3 ...
more infohttps://www.scribd.com/presentation/340269065/Cholelithiasis-Int

Should cholecystectomy be done en passant for asymptomatic cholelithiasis?Should cholecystectomy be done en passant for asymptomatic cholelithiasis?

The authors report a 4-year survey of 109 patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis who underwent surgery ... Cholelithiasis / mortality, surgery*. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reoperation. ... Cholelithiasis was established preoperatively by ultrasonography in 52 of 55 examinations (95%). In the other 54, the ... The authors report a 4-year survey of 109 patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis who underwent surgery for other abdominal ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Should-cholecystectomy-be-done-en/3664389.html

Programs and Services for Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) | Boston Childrens HospitalPrograms and Services for Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) | Boston Children's Hospital

Cholelithiasis) at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital by US News. ... Programs and Services for Gallstones (Cholelithiasis). Our team of experts provides specialized care to meet the needs of you ...
more infohttp://www.childrenshospital.org/conditions-and-treatments/conditions/gallstones-cholelithiasis/programs-and-services
  • In Shenyang, calcium bilirubinate stones predominated, occurring in 49.0 per cent of the cholelithiasis cases. (springer.com)
  • Characteristic features of cholelithiasis in China, A nationwide survey of 11,342 surgical cases 1983-1985. (springer.com)
  • See detailed information below for a list of 36 causes of Cholelithiasis , Symptom Checker , including diseases and drug side effect causes. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • In order to compare cases in China and Japan, 102 consecutive cases of cholelithiasis operated on in Shenyang, China were analyzed for the composition of gallstones and bacterial species isolated from bile in relation to the location and composition of gallstones. (springer.com)
  • Risk factors for the development of cholelithiasis in man (two parts). (springer.com)
  • The following list of conditions have ' Cholelithiasis ' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • Truncal vagotomy and cholelithiasis: plea for a controlled study. (bmj.com)