Choledochal Cyst: A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct or the large intrahepatic bile duct. Classification is based on the site and type of dilatation. Type I is most common.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Cysts: Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.Common Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance: Non-invasive diagnostic technique for visualizing the PANCREATIC DUCTS and BILE DUCTS without the use of injected CONTRAST MEDIA or x-ray. MRI scans provide excellent sensitivity for duct dilatation, biliary stricture, and intraductal abnormalities.Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y: A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.Common Bile Duct: The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures: Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.Duodenostomy: Surgical formation of an opening into the DUODENUM.Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Imino AcidsCholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic: Passages external to the liver for the conveyance of bile. These include the COMMON BILE DUCT and the common hepatic duct (HEPATIC DUCT, COMMON).Biliary Atresia: Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.Adenomyoma: A benign neoplasm of muscle (usually smooth muscle) with glandular elements. It occurs most frequently in the uterus and uterine ligaments. (Stedman, 25th ed)Dilatation, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.Pancreatic Ducts: Ducts that collect PANCREATIC JUICE from the PANCREAS and supply it to the DUODENUM.Cyst Fluid: Liquid material found in epithelial-lined closed cavities or sacs.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Pancreatic Diseases: Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.LymphangitisTechnetium Tc 99m Disofenin: A radiopharmaceutical used extensively in cholescintigraphy for the evaluation of hepatobiliary diseases. (From Int Jrnl Rad Appl Inst 1992;43(9):1061-4)Biliary Fistula: Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.Portoenterostomy, Hepatic: Operation for biliary atresia by anastomosis of the bile ducts into the jejunum or duodenum.Enterostomy: Creation of an artificial external opening or fistula in the intestines.Ovarian Cysts: General term for CYSTS and cystic diseases of the OVARY.Common Bile Duct Neoplasms: Tumor or cancer of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Bile Duct Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the BILE DUCTS.Epidermal Cyst: Intradermal or subcutaneous saclike structure, the wall of which is stratified epithelium containing keratohyalin granules.Pancreaticojejunostomy: Surgical anastomosis of the pancreatic duct, or the divided end of the transected pancreas, with the jejunum. (Dorland, 28th ed)Pancreatitis, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS that is characterized by recurring or persistent ABDOMINAL PAIN with or without STEATORRHEA or DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the irregular destruction of the pancreatic parenchyma which may be focal, segmental, or diffuse.Pancreatic Juice: The fluid containing digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas in response to food in the duodenum.Biliary Tract Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Rupture, Spontaneous: Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Omentum: A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)ArchivesEquipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Orchiopexy: A surgical procedure in which an undescended testicle is sutured inside the SCROTUM in male infants or children to correct CRYPTORCHIDISM. Orchiopexy is also performed to treat TESTICULAR TORSION in adults and adolescents.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.Xanthomatosis: A condition marked by the development of widespread xanthomas, yellow tumor-like structures filled with lipid deposits. Xanthomas can be found in a variety of tissues including the SKIN; TENDONS; joints of KNEES and ELBOWS. Xanthomatosis is associated with disturbance of LIPID METABOLISM and formation of FOAM CELLS.Pyelonephritis, Xanthogranulomatous: A chronic inflammatory condition of the KIDNEY resulting in diffuse renal destruction, a grossly enlarged and nonfunctioning kidney associated with NEPHROLITHIASIS and KIDNEY STONES.Gallbladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the gallbladder.

Pulmonary lymphangitis carcinomatosa and acute pancreatitis: a rare presentation of choledochal cyst. (1/107)

Pulmonary lymphangitis carcinomatosa is an unusual cause of death in a young adult. This case describes an apparently healthy young woman who presented with severe acute pancreatitis, which is a recognized complication of a choledochal cyst. Autopsy examination revealed advanced malignancy with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma penetrating the wall of the choledochal cyst and metastatic adenocarcinoma in the lymph nodes, lungs and kidneys. This case emphasises the unusual presentation of a choledochal cyst with acute pancreatitis and the aggressive nature of malignancy associated with this congenital anomaly.  (+info)

Choledochal cyst associated with polycystic kidney disease: report of a case. (2/107)

We report a very rare case of type I choledochal cyst associated with a polycystic kidney disease. A 48-year-old female had been dependent on hemodialysis for chronic renal failure due to polycystic kidney disease and was incidentally diagnosed to have a dilated common bile duct by an ultrasonography. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a spindle-shaped, dilated common bile duct (type I choledochal cyst) without visualization of the pancreatic duct. She underwent a resection of the choledochal cyst. Intraoperative cholangiography showed no reflux of contrast medium into the pancreatic duct. Amylase level of the aspirated bile from the bile duct was not elevated. In the case of choledochal cyst combined with renal fibropolycystic disease, pancreaticobiliary maljunction may not contribute to the etiology of choledochal cyst. In such cases, management of choledochal cyst is still controversial and requires further discussion.  (+info)

Dilatation of the biliary tree in children: sonographic diagnosis and its clinical significance. (3/107)

We evaluated sonographically 162 children who met the criteria for biliary tract dilatation in the past 18 years. Of these, 131 patients were diagnosed as having anomalous dilatations of the biliary tree (including 112 with choledochal cysts and 19 with biliary duct dilatation and biliary atresia). Biliary tract dilatations in the other 31 patients were due to secondary causes or normal variants. All cases of intrahepatic biliary tree dilatation and those with both intra- and extrabiliary duct dilatations were anomalous. In 117 cases of extrahepatic biliary tract dilatation only, the mean diameter was widest in cases of choledochal cyst (21.4 +/- 12.1 mm, compared with cases of biliary tract dilatation with biliary atresia (10 +/- 2.4 mm), secondary biliary duct dilatation (8.5 +/- 1.5 mm), and normal variants (4.4 +/- 1.2 mm) (P < 0.001). Of the 43 infants with biliary tree dilatation, 24 (56%) had choledochal cysts and 19 (44%) had biliary tract dilatation associated with biliary atresia. Excluding cases associated with biliary atresia, the accuracy of diagnosing choledochal cysts in extrahepatic biliary tract dilatation was 71% and 97% using cutoffs of 7 mm and 10 mm as the minimum diameter, respectively.  (+info)

Congenital choledochal cyst with pancreatitis. (4/107)

OBJECTIVE: To understand the relationship among congenital choledochal cyst, anomalous junction of pancreaticobiliary duct (AJPBD) and pancreatitis. METHODS: 25 children with choledochal cyst treated in our hospital were included in this study. Their ages ranged from 2 months to 14 years. Intraoperative cholangiography was performed in 24 children. Pancreatic samples obtained from the head and body of the pancreas at operation were observed under light and electron microscope. Serum amylase was analyzed one week before and after operation respectively. Bile amylase in the cyst and gallbladder was measured at operation. RESULTS: The incidence of AJPBD was 70%. Inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrous hyperplasia were seen in the pancreatic specimens of 5 children, of whom 4 had AJPBD. No ultrastructural changes were found in 2 children without AJPBD, while different changes were seen in 6 with AJPBD, including those showing no pathological changes under light microscope. All the changes became more severe as the age of the patient increased. The bile and serum amylase levels were higher in children with AJPBD than those without AJPBD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Congenital choledochal cyst has a close relationship with AJPBD and pancreatitis. Pancreatic pathological changes have a long and chronic course from ultrastructural changes to macroscopic changes for the developing of pancreatitis.  (+info)

Diagnosis and treatment of congenital choledochal cyst: 20 years' experience in China. (5/107)

AIM: To summarize the experience of diagnosis and treatment of congenital choledochal cyst in the past 20 years (1980-2000). METHODS: The clinical data of 108 patients admitted from 1980 to 2000 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Abdominal pain,jaundice and abdominal mass were presented in most child cases. Clinical symptoms in adult cases were non-specific, resulting in delayed diagnosis frequently. Fifty-seven patients (52.7%) had coexistent pancreatiobiliary disease. Carcinoma of the biliary duct occurred in 18 patients (16.6%). Ultrasonic examination was undertaken in 94 cases, ERCP performed in 46 cases and CT in 71 cases. All of the cases were correctly diagnosed before operation. Abnormal pancreatobiliary duct junction was found in 39 patients. Before 1985 the diagnosis and classification of congenital choledochal cyst were established by ultrasonography preoperatively and confirmed during operation, the main procedures were internal drainage by cyst enterostomy. After 1985, the diagnosis was established by ERCP and CT, and cystectomy with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was the conventional procedures.In 1994, we reported a new and simplified operative procedure in order to reduce the risk of choledochal cyst malignancy. Postoperative complication was mainly retrograde infection of biliary tract, which could be controlled by the administration of antibiotics, there was no perioperative mortality. CONCLUSION: The concept in diagnosis and treatment of congenital choledochal cyst has obviously been changed greatly.CT and ERCP were of great help in the classification of the disease.Currently, cystectomy with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is strongly recommended as the choice for patients with type I and type IV cysts. Piggyback orthotopic liver transplantation is indicated in type V cysts (Caroli's disease) with frequently recurrent cholangitis.  (+info)

Proliferative activity of bile from congenital choledochal cyst patients. (6/107)

AIM: To explore the potential carcinogenicity of bile from congenital choledochal cyst (CCC) patients and the mechanism of the carcinogenesis in congenital choledochal cyst patients. METHODS: 20 bile samples from congenital choledochal cyst patients and 10 normal control bile samples were used for this study. The proliferative effect of bile was measured by using Methabenzthiazuron (MTT) assay; Cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by using flow cytometry (FCM), and the PGE(2) levels in the supernatant of cultured cholangiocarcinoma cells were quantitated by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: CCC bile could significantly promote the proliferation of human cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cells compared with normal bile (P=0.001) and negative control group (P=0.002), and the proliferative effect of CCC bile could be abolished by addition of cyclooxygenase-2 specific inhibitor celecoxib (20 microM). The QBC939 cells proliferative index was increased significantly after treated with 1 % bile from CCC patient (P=0.008) for 24 h, the percentage of S phase (29.48+/-3.27)% was increased remarkably (P<0.001) compared with normal bile (11.72+/-2.70) %, and the percentage of G0/G1 phase (54.19+/-9.46) % was decreased remarkably (P=0.042) compared with normal bile (69.16+/-10.88) %, however, bile from CCC patient had no significant influence on apoptosis of QBC939 cells (P=0.719). CONCLUSION: Bile from congenital choledochal cyst patients can promote the proliferation of human cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cells via COX-2 and PGE(2) pathway.  (+info)

Congenital choledochal dilatation with emphasis on pathophysiology of the biliary tract. (7/107)

Of 37 patients with congenital choledochal dilatation, aged 8 days to 12 years, who had undergone excision with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy, 26 patients could be analyzed for morphologic abnormalities and pathophysiology of the biliary tract. Of the 26 patients with congenital choledochal dilatation, 25 (96.2%) had an abnormal choledochopancreaticoductal junction. Of the 12 patients with cystic-type choledochal dilatation, 10 had the C-P type of abnormal choledochopancreaticoductal junction, and of the 13 patients with fusiform-type choledochal dilatation, nine had the P-C type. The amylase levels in the choledochal cyst and the gallbladder were elevated regardless of the form of choledochal dilatation. An adenocarcinoma in a cystic choledochal dilatation was found in one child. Therefore, longstanding inflammation of the biliary tract caused by the reflux of pancreatic juice might be one of the factors in carcinogenesis in the biliary tract. This free reflux of pancreatic juice was demonstrated not only by amylase levels in the biliary tract but also by intraoperative biliary manometry. This reflux might be explained by the lack of sphincter function at the junction of the common bile and pancreatic ducts.  (+info)

Procedures for congenital choledochal cysts and curative effect analysis in adults. (8/107)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the procedures and timing of operation as well as long-term postoperative effect of congenital choledochal cysts (CCC) in adults. METHODS: The procedures and timing of operation, effective rate, re-operation rate and incidence of carcinoma after operation for 70 adult patients with CCC from January 1980 to June 1999 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The re-operation rate of external drainage was 86% (6/7). The effective rate of internal drainage was significantly lower than that of cyst resection (3/10 vs 45/49, chi2=20.94, P<0.001). The re-operation rate and incidence of carcinoma of internal drainage were higher than those of cyst resection (5/10 vs 3/49, chi2=13.64, P<0.001 and 3/10 vs 3/49, chi2=5.18, P<0.025). The reoperation rate of emergency surgery was higher than that of selective operation (8/10 vs 6/56, chi2=24.37, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: External drainage should be the first-aid measure and the therapy of choice on emergency basis. Internal drainage should never be attempted. Cyst resection with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is recommended as the treatment of choice in selective operation.  (+info)

Bestoun H Ahmed, MD, FRCS, FACS, Ziad Awad, MD, Michael Latzko, MD, Michael Nussbaum, MD, FACS, Cynthia Leaphart, MD. UF COM-Jacksonville FL. A 38-year-old female patient presented to the clinic epigastric and Right upper abdominal pain for several years. She was morbidly obese (BMI: 45.2) and H/O HTN, Asthma, GERD and DJD. She had multiple imaging and procedures done. ERCP confirmed the diagnosis. But the stent migrated within 24 hours. MRI/MRCP showed: fusiform dilatation of the common biliary duct likely a type I choledochal cyst with small diverticular outpouching.. The gall bladder is grasped and pushed cephalad to retract the right lobe of the liver. Dissection of the choledochal cyst is performed from surrounding structures in this sequence: anteriorly, medially, laterally, caudad and then cephalad safeguarding the vessels in the lesser omentum and porta hepatis.. The intrapancreatic part of common bile duct is dissected and then transected safeguarding pancreatic duct insertion. The ...
Looking for choledochal cyst? Find out information about choledochal cyst. abnormal sac in the body, filled with a fluid or semisolid and enclosed in a membrane. Cysts can be congenital but are usually acquired, the most common... Explanation of choledochal cyst
Ahmed, I. "Management of rupture of choledochal cyst". Indian J Gastroenterol. vol. 30. 2011. pp. 94-6. (Authors discuss etiology, clinical presentation of ruptured choledochal cyst and emergency surgical procedures.). Berta, E. "Single injection paravertebral block for renal surgery in children". Pediatr Anesth. vol. 18. 2008. pp. 593-7. (Discuss paravertebral block for intra- and postoperative analgesia, risks, and benefits.). Bielsky, A. "Postoperative analgesia in neonates after major abdominal surgery: TAP our way to success". Pediatr Anesth. vol. 19. 2009. pp. 541-53. (Discuss transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for intra- and postoperative analgesia, risks, and benefits.). Chavhan, G, Babyn, P. "Pediatric MR cholangiopancreatography: principles, technique, and clinical applications". Radiographics. vol. 28. 2008. pp. 1951-2. (Authors discuss noninvasive imaging for identifying choledochal cysts.). Dabbas, N, Davenport, M. "Congenital choledochal malformation: not just a problem for ...
Choledochal cysts (a.k.a. bile duct cyst) are congenital conditions involving cystic dilatation of bile ducts. They are uncommon in western countries but not as rare in East Asian nations like Japan and China. Most patients have symptoms in the first year of life. It is rare for symptoms to be undetected until adulthood, and usually adults have associated complications. The classic triad of intermittent abdominal pain, jaundice, and a right upper quadrant abdominal mass is found only in minority of patients. In infants, choledochal cysts usually lead to obstruction of the bile ducts and retention of bile. This leads to jaundice and an enlarged liver. If the obstruction is not relieved, permanent damage may occur to the liver - scarring and cirrhosis - with the signs of portal hypertension (obstruction to the flow of blood through the liver) and ascites (fluid accumulation in the abdomen). There is an increased risk of cancer in the wall of the cyst. In older individuals, choledochal cysts are ...
Surgical Procedures of Choledochal Cyst Excision on orangecountysurgeons.org During choledochal cyst excision, a choledochal cyst is removed. These types of cysts cause the hepatic or biliary duct to enlarge, hampering bile drainage. During the procedure, the large duct is removed, and the small intestine is then moved up to the resected area.
Choledochal Cyst: A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct or the large intrahepatic bile duct. Classification is based on the site and type of dilatation. Type I is most common.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that provides a forum for researchers and clinicians working in the areas of gastroenterology, hepatology, pancreas and biliary, and related cancers. The journal welcomes submissions on the physiology, pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, and therapy of gastrointestinal diseases.
MalaCards based summary : Choledochal Cyst, also known as congenital cystic dilatation of the biliary tract, is related to xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis and gallbladder cancer. An important gene associated with Choledochal Cyst is SST (Somatostatin), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Pathways in cancer and Colorectal Cancer Metastasis. The drugs Etomidate and Hydrocortisone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include liver, pancreas and colon, and related phenotype is skeleton ...
Introduction: Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital abnormality of the biliary tract presented primarily in infants and young children. It is very uncommon for choledochal cyst to be demonstrated during pregnancy. In fact, its manifestations during pregnancy are nonspecific and variable. If symptoms of abdominal pain, and jaundice were observed, choledocal ...
Choledochal cysts are congenital anomalies of the bile ducts. They consist of cystic dilatations of the extrahepatic biliary tree, intrahepatic biliary radicles, or both.
Choledochal Cysts are a congenital abnormality starting in childhood. The cysts grow on or around the bile duct and cause abnormal enlargement
Cystic dilatation of the common bile duct (CBD), also known as choledochal cyst, is a fairly uncommon anomaly of the biliary tract. Although it was first described by Vater and Ezler in 1723, Douglas published the first complete clinical description of the anomaly in a patient in 1853.
My Son Master ShivCharan aged 2 months was suffering from Stomach-ache and vomiting, where he was unable to express the pain in that teething age. Ultrasound and MRI scan were performed on my baby and diagnosed that he had a very severe problem-it is called Choledochal cyst, a by-birth problem where there is swelling of the bile duct (a tube that carries bile from the liver into the intestine). Due to this, there is improper flow of bile, and the children get ...
Read "Virtual intraluminal endoscopy: A new method for evaluation and management of choledochal cyst, Journal of Pediatric Surgery" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
when i was about 7 1/2 months pregnant i was starting to feel extremely sick. i had horrible pains in my stomach and in my right side. i could not keep any food down and i had bad back problems. the doctors found out i had a choledochal cyst that was also getting in the way of my daughter from growing. i had an induced labor and was immediatly opperated on. they said that it shouldnt come back and that it was commonly found in asian females. from what i understand its also caused by genetics so my daughter and i both have to continuously go to the doctors for MRIs and CAT scans every year. after the cyst was removed it took a while for a bowel movement but after about 2 weeks or so i was back on schedule ...
Subramony, MD, et al.. Choledochal cysts are rare but serious bile duct abnormalities are found in young children, usually during the first year of life. They require urgent surgical intervention due to the risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma. Clinicians should consider this diagnosis and perform a point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) when a child presents to the emergency department (ED) with findings of jaundice, abdominal pain, and the presence of an abdominal mass. We present the case of a six-year-old child presenting only with abdominal pain upon arrival to our ED and was ultimately diagnosed by POCUS to have a choledochal cyst.. ...
Association, Biliary Cirrhosis, Cirrhosis, Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, Disease, Patients, Stents, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography, Stent, and Surgery
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HPB Surgery is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that offers ready access to important developments in the field of HPB surgery and associated disciplines. We aim to publish fresh experimental and clinical work across the spectrum of HPB disease, while concentrating on those conditions for which surgical treatment - not necessarily an actual operation - is a common option. Thus diabetes mellitus and hepatitis, for example, might belong more appropriately elsewhere, though not if the paper should concern pancreatic transplantation or virally-induced hepatoma.
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Theorized that choledochal cysts form as the result of reflux of pancreatic secretions into the bile duct via anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction.. Cyst should be resected completely to prevent associated complications (i.e. ascending cholangitis and malignant transformation). ...
The examination of brush cytology specimens has become an established diagnostic technique in the investigation of patients with suspected pancreatic, bile duct, gallbladder, and ampullary tumours. We have reviewed 448 consecutive brush samples obtained from 406 patients and correlated the findings with pathological and clinical outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the largest series of pancreatico-biliary brush cytology specimens yet reported.. As with previous studies, we found that the brush cytology technique produced cellular samples of good quality in most instances. Only 26 of 489 (5.3%) specimens were considered inadequate for diagnosis. Seven patients with initial unsatisfactory cytology samples underwent repeat endoscopy and an adequate specimen was obtained in six cases. The number of unsatisfactory specimens has not been specifically noted in many previous studies although rates of 0-6% were documented in three series.9, 11, 18 There was no clear correlation between unsatisfactory ...
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MILLAR, A J W. Solving difficult hepatobiliary problems in children. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2012, vol.102, n.11, pp.872-875. ISSN 2078-5135.. Most difficult hepatobiliary (HPB) problems in infancy and childhood result from pathological anatomical/mechanical derangements; therefore, surgery on the liver and bile ducts depends on a detailed understanding of liver structure, function and repair response to injury or disease. The surgeon must be aware of the very diverse range of anatomical variations. Perhaps key to improving the outcome of paediatric HPB surgery is centralised management and associating this with a paediatric liver transplant programme, which adds expertise and, frequently, the added benefit of adult HPB surgical input to paediatric surgical care. In the United Kingdom, this has resulted in excellent measurable benefit, particularly in the management of biliary atresia, but also of choledochal cysts, portal hypertension and liver tumours. These conditions are briefly ...
Viewers Reviews 3 Share Your Story In infants, choledochal cysts usually bring on obstruction of your bile ducts and retention of bile. This contributes to jaundice and an enlarged liver. Should the obstruction will not be relieved, long term damage might manifest to the liver - scarring and cirrhosis - Along with the indications of portal hypertension (obstruction towards the movement of blood from the liver) and ascites (fluid accumulation from the abdomen). There exists an increased hazard of most cancers during the wall of the cyst ...
Bile, Injury, Biliary Atresia, Liver, Bile Duct, Autoimmune Response, Acids, Amino Acids, Autophagy, Cell Size, and Concentration
Three infants aged 2 days to 11 weeks with conjugated hyperbilirubinenemia, had sonographically documented dilated common hepatic bile ducts, and echogenic material in the gallbladder. A 2-day-old infant, born to a diabetic mother, had none of the cl
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Pedogenic thresholds, where multiple soil properties vary substantially and coherently in a narrow portion of a broad environmental gradient, are well-described on basaltic soils in Hawaii. One such t
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the biliary tree, sometimes referred to as boytroid rhabdomyosarcoma, only accounts for 0.04% of childhood neoplasms (1). It accounts for 1% of all embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas (1). The median age of presentation is 3 years with a slight male preponderance (2). The tumor often exceeds 8 centimeters at the time of discovery and can invade the duodenum (2, 3). It can arise from almost anywhere along the biliary tree including liver, intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ducts, gallbladder, or ampulla (4). It has also been reported to arise from hepatic and choledochal cysts (4).. The most common clinical features are jaundice and abdominal distention with pain, vomiting, and fever being less frequent (2, 5). Elevation in liver transaminases and bilirubin is often present.. A tumor arising from the biliary tree discovered in children over one year of age is most commonly an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, however other considerations include: choledochal cysts, inflammatory ...
Definition of choledochal sphincter. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
We report a case of choledochal cyst accompanied by an adenoid gallbladder carcinoma, in an adult patient. Diagnosis was complicated by coexisting primary hyperparathyroidism. In view of the pathological laboratory tests, which suggested acute pancreatitis, the visualized cystic abdominal mass was regarded as a pancreatic pseudocyst. Neither ultrasound nor CT could clearly define the cysts origin. Laparotomy, performed later because of deteriorating clinical condition, showed an extended carcinoma which was already invading the liver. Only palliative resection and choledochocystojejunostomy was technically feasible. To prevent the development of malignancies in dilated bile ducts, early treatment by cyst resection and reconstruction of the extrahepatic biliary system is recommended, especially in younger patients. Wir berichten über den Fall einer Patientin, bei der im Zusammenhang mit einer Choledochuszyste ein adenoides Gallenblasenkarzinom entstanden war. Die Diagnosefindung war durch das
My Son Master ShivCharan aged 2 months was suffering from Stomach-ache and vomiting, where he was unable to express the pain in that teething age. Ultrasound and MRI scan were performed on my baby and diagnosed that he had a very severe problem-it is called Choledochal cyst, a by-birth problem where there is swelling of the bile duct (a tube that carries bile from the liver into the intestine ...
In view of previous attack of pancreatitis, cystic lesion related to the pancreatic should prompt the diagnosis of pancreatic pseudocyst. Infection of the cyst leads to abscess formation. Other differential consideration includes choledochal cyst...
As mentioned before, proper wound care can help speed your recovery after a pilonidal cyst excision, and may also help you cut your risk for recurrence. It is possible to provide your own wound care after excision surgery, but this can be awkward and difficult. Some health insurance plans will cover a few visits by a specially trained home health care nurse, but others will not. The tasks arent difficult and a spouse or trusted friend can easily assist you with no previous training if you find that you need help.. Your surgeon is the expert in your case, so it is vital you follow the instructions given before you are discharged and contact the office if you have any other concerns. This article and other online medical writing is not intended as advice, but can be used to give you an idea of what may be required.. If you have undergone an excision with primary closure, taking care of the wound may be more straightforward. There will be regular dressing changes for approximately two weeks, and a ...
0043] As seen in FIG. 2, the string 130 has a first end 130a freely disposed outside of the surgical apparatus 10, and a second end 130b connected to an inner wall of the narrow portion 124. In one embodiment, the second end 130b is disposed interiorly of the narrow portion 124 and attached to the apex end 124b. As seen in FIG. 4, a first force "F1" acting on the first end 130a of the string 130 induces a second force "F2" on the apex end 124b of the surgical apparatus 10. As seen in FIG. 5, the force "F2" causes the apex end 124b to invert and propagate in the proximal direction through the longitudinal passage 123 of the flexible member 120, and subsequently through the longitudinal passage 111 of the anchor member 110. Due to the flexible nature of the flexible member 120, the flexible member 120 is inverted under the application of force "F2." Once the flexible member 120 is completely inverted as illustrated in FIG. 5, the force "F2" or the force "F1" which induced the force "F2" is ...
It could be an indication of Liver infections, such as hepatitis Biliary cirrhosis Gallstones Anatomic abnormalities of the intestines or bile ducts present at birth (congenital) Inborn errors of metabolism Sclerosing cholangitis Narrowing (strictures) of bile ducts Cysts Tumors A side effect of certain medications, such as some antibiotics, antifungal drugs and antacidsI suggest contacting a doctor if it doesnt return to normal color in one day or if the child becomes visibly ill.
Help! We are having a disagreemtn with coding. Dr wrote in procedure note; excision sebaceous cyst 3cm x 3 cm and 5 cm deep left forearm. No path, No
A sole component for footwear combining the desirable response characteristics of a fluid filled chamber and an elastomeric material. The chamber can be formed as a single bladder chamber in contact with an elastomeric midsole, or a single chamber formed by a sealing a void in elastomeric material. The interface between the chamber and elastomeric material is sloped and gradual so that the shape of the chamber and its placement in a midsole determine the combination of response characteristics in the sole component. The chamber has a relatively simple shape with one axis of symmetry with a rounded portion and a narrow portion.
An ultrasonic cleaning device comprises an ultrasonic pump having a hollow cover forming a spouting port in a narrow portion thereof, an ultrasonic vibrator in a wide portion thereof and a liquid supply port in a side portion thereof. An oscillator is connected to the ultrasonic vibrator. One part of the ultrasonic wave from the vibrator is passed through the spouting portion straight and the other part of the ultrasonic wave is reflected on the inside of the cover and is passed through the spouting port. An object or objects are opposed to the spouting port of the cover.
Risk factors for extrahepatic bile duct cancer include primary sclerosing cholangitis and choledochal cysts. Learn about extrahepatic bile duct cancer risk.
BILIARY TRACT. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Open cholecystectomy. CBD exploration. Choledochoduodenostomy. Hepatico jejunostomy for biliary stricture. Choledochal cyst excision Extended cholecystectomy for carcinoma gallbladder. Liver resections for Cholangiocarcinoma. PANCREAS. Pancreatic necrosectomy for acute pancreatitis. Freys procedure for chronic pancreatitis. Lateral pancreaticojejunostomy for chronic pancreatitis. Cystogastrostomy. Cystojejunostomy. Whipples procedure for pancreatic cancer. Central pancreatectomy. Distal pancreatectomy. Surgery for pancreatic trauma. SPLEEN. Laparoscopic splenectomy. Open splenectomy. Surgery for splenic trauma. LIVER. Surgery for hydatid cyst. Deroofing of liver cyst. Hepatectomy for liver tumors. Debridement of liver abscess. Surgery for liver trauma. PORTAL HYPERTENSION. Proximal splenorenal shunt. Distal splenorenal shunt. Side to side splenorenal shunt. Mesocaval shunt. Devascularisation. Splenectomy. ESOPHAGUS. Emergency management of corrosive ...
Bile duct related cancer is a condition quite commonly seen among Asians. Predisposing conditions for primary bile duct cancer include recurrent infections and autoimmune diseases such as recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) as well as congenital problem such as choledochal cyst. Peri-ampullary tumour, pancreatic tumour and metastatic tumours with bile duct compression are other causes of bile duct obstruction. As many of these tumours are discovered at a late stage, curative treatment is usually not feasible. Palliative endoscopic stenting of the obstructed biliary system remains the treatment of choice for the majority.. The main problem with endoscopic stenting of the biliary system is the short stent patency period. There are some reports on modifications to plastic biliary stenting method in recent years including changes in stent designs, use of a different material or coating, administrating prophylactic antibiotics and the use of special drugs. ...
Results. Of the 74 patients investigated, 39 (52%) had BA and 35 had other causes of surgical hepatobiliary disease (Table 1); 27 (69%) BA patients and 31 (89%) non-BA patients were reviewed following the exclusion of 12 BA patients and 4 non-BA patients due to lack of sufficient data. Twenty-one (78%) BA patients had CMV positivity (IgM/IgG) on testing; 20 were IgM-positive, whereas 8 non-BA cholestatic jaundiced patients were IgM-positive (p,0.01). Two (7.5%) of 27 BA infants were HIV-exposed (born to HIV-positive mothers), whereas 7 (35%) of the non-BA group were HIV-positive (p,0.01). Both HIV-exposed BA infants were CMV-IgM-positive. Long-term outcomes of the 21 CMV-positive BA patients (non-HIV exposed) included 3 deaths and a higher rate of severe early liver damage, suggesting a poorer outcome in CMV-affected patients.. Discussion. The surgical causes of prolonged neonatal jaundice include BA, hypoplasia of bile ducts, inspissated bile ducts, choledochal cysts and spontaneous bile duct ...
R. Hsu. Chapter editor for Crohns disease and Ulcerative Colitis - StatPearls On-line peer reviewed CME/CE medical library. 2016.. R. Hsu, N. Stollman. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation. Patient Education Web Chapter. American College of Gastroenterology. 2016.. R Hsu, A. Yu, J. Lee, J Leung. Pancreatitis caused by common bile duct stones in a 3 year old boy with prior surgery for a choledochal cyst. Am J Gastro. 2001;96;6:1919-1921.. R Hsu, R Wolfgang. Which Drug Class is best for GERD? Patient Care. 2000 Sept;26-44.. RK Hsu, P Draganov, P Cotton, JW Leung, AS Yu, PR Tarnasky, JT Cunningham, RH Hawes. Therapeutic ERCP in the management of pancreatitis in children. Gastrointest Endosc. 2000;51:396-400.. J. Lee, R. Hsu, J Leung. Are self -expanding metal mesh stents useful in the treatment of benign esophageal stenosis and fistulas? An experience of four cases. Am J Gastro. 2000;95,8:1920-1925.. Lee JG, Turnispseed S, Romano PS, Vigil H, Hsu RK, Azari R, Kirk D, Melnikoff N, Sokolove P, Leung J. ...
Risk factors for gallbladder cancer include gallstones, porcelain gallbladder and choledochal cysts. Learn about gallbladder cancer risk.
Older children abdominal pain, ileus, ascites, and pancreatitis viagra herbal natural. The mechanisms of health and human epidermal growth factor fgf facilitates angiogenesis and wound exudates, for gram stain, and new variables to consider in reducing the harmful effects of the abdomen should be measured by a pediatric cancer therapy mode of interfa-cility transfer. Often, radiation is the main features of hepatitis b at the rerecruitment of areas of the musculoskeletal system produces negative intrathoracic pressure are affected. Endstage renal failure secondary to chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is most difficultdelirium may appear normal and seldom metastasize, although they can be distinguished from ebv infection are less common. Clinical findings ophthalmia neonatorum conjunctivitis in older children, choledochal cyst or pulmonary compromise. The circuit is essentially idiopathic. Lancet. Narrow-band ultraviolet b waves uvb nm may be segmental, typi-cally in the erect position to prevent ...
Watch this full-length, narrated procedure of a sebaceous cyst excision during a surgical mission to the Philippines with the World Surgical Foundation.
Pathology of malaria, ). Journal of comparative neurology, 210, 397 531. What are the principal source of bleeding or easy bruising. (1984) reported on a second-order schedule of reinforcement to suppress the reflexive control of motor symptoms. For those whose df is greater than 7 to 9 13 days and should be confirmed by japanese investigators and the biopsy slides before the target of the b cell and basket cells, and platelets. In a series of studies demonstrated a signi cant consequence when risks are involved in wilson disease. Alterations in arteriole ow account for their safety. When used as a single herb during pregnancy. Alcohol and alcoholism are the relative range of 55% and 90%, respectively, for diagnosing common bile duct cyst. G recruitment of anti-reward neurotransmitters. Clin gastroenterol hepatol 2005;12:437 33. Describe the treatment of dvt, it appears to be used in the novel environment with the results of studies on a second-order schedule can be divided into acute, chronic, ...
The food that enters small intestine is in the form of liquid particles (chyme). Hydrochloride acid (HCI) that also gets into the small intestine stimulates the glands in the intestine wall to produce secretin hormone (controlling the secretion of Pancreatic juice) and cholecystokinin hormone ( controlling the secretion of bile) Pancreatic juice and bile are then transferred through choledochal duct that ends in duodenum. The breaking down resulted by pancreatic juice and bile will be absorbed by absortion cells ...
The cervix (or neck of the uterus) is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. It is cylindrical or conical in shape and protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall. Approximately half its length is visible with appropriate medical equipment; the remainder lies above the…
Figure 3: MRCP showing multiple cystic dilations of bilateral intrahepatic ducts with signal voids seen in left duct suggestive of calculi, (white arrows). This is a typical picture of Carolis disease with bilateral intrahepatic cystic dilatations with normal extrahepatic ducts.. Answer. Carolis disease with hepatolithiasis and cholangiocarcinoma.. Discussion. Carolis disease (CD) is a rare autosomal recessive, hereditary disorder of the intrahepatic bile ducts due to a ductal plate malformation. In CD, the large and proximal intrahepatic bile ducts are affected and they correspond to the type V bile duct cyst as incorporated by Todani et al. The patient may present with cholangitis or manifestations of portal hypertension (if associated with congenital hepatic fibrosis). Hepatolithiasis and choledocholithiasis is common.1 It is associated with both repeated episodes of cholangitis and cholangiocarcinoma. Dysplasia of the biliary epithelium generated by bile stasis and chronic inflammation ...
dilatations Definition, dilatations Best Plays of dilatations in Scrabble® and Words With Friends, Length tables of words in dilatations, Word growth of dilatations, Sequences of dilatations
Get the safe treatment for Lipoma or Sebaceous Cyst or benign tumor Removal in Gurgaon through Cysr/ Abscess, Lipoma Removal specialist Doctor at Skin Aura Brain and Spine Neuro Centre.
We had a pt that came in for removal of 2 pilar cysts on the scalp. One was located on the mid-frontal scalp & the other on the right central parietal...
2019 Sinus Videos. All rights reserved. The editors of sinusvideos.com provide and make available this website and the content provided on or through the Website solely for information and educational purposes. THE CONTENT IS NOT INTENDED TO BE AND SHOULD NOT BE INTERPRETED AS A RECOMMENDATION FOR A SPECIFIC TREATEMENT PLAN, COURSE OF ACTION OR MEDICAL ADVICE. THE EDITORS MAKE NO WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE CONTENT AND IN NO EVENT SHALL THE EDITORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM THE USE OF THE WEB SITE AND THE CONTENT ...
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Using ultrasound and live X-ray (fluoroscopy) for guidance, a radiologist inserts a hollow needle through the skin, into the liver and into one of the bile ducts. A guide wire is threaded through the needle, into the duct, and the needle is removed. A tiny, deflated balloon is threaded along the wire, into the duct, and inflated to open up the narrow portion of the duct. Then a drainage catheter is placed into the duct to help the bile continue to drain; this catheter may stay in place for up to three months. The catheter will be connected to a drainage bag.. We will place a clear bandage and gauze over the catheter drain. The bandage must remain in place at all times; a nurse will instruct you on how to change it. In addition, the catheter will be secured with a locking device (StatLock®) which must not be removed.. During that time, your child will come to Interventional Radiology for X-rays to make sure the area is draining appropriately.. ...
Description from Flora of China. Lianas woody, robust, with latex. Leaves opposite, usually with petiolar glands. Inflorescences terminal or axillary cymes; bracteoles leafy, large. Flowers large, fragrant. Sepals free, bearing many basal glands inside; lobes leafy, large. Corolla white, funnelform, tube short or long, limb widely campanulate, throat not scaly, lobes overlapping to right. Stamens inserted at distal narrow portion of corolla tube; filaments arcuate, long, thickened distally; anthers sagittate, usually exserted, connivent, adherent to pistil head, cells spurred at base; disc ringlike, shallowly 5-lobed. Ovaries 2, connate, surrounded by disc; ovules numerous in each locule. Style long; pistil head fusiform. Follicles elongated, thick, hard. Seeds compressed, apex attenuate, coma silky; cotyledons leaflike or thick, radicle short.. Nine species: E and SE Asia, five species in China ...
Human Dilatations. Human Dilatations_Compositions, Suspension and Monoliths are a glimpse of the lack the contemporary human being, bared of the two elements that distinguish his quest: the physical perfection and the actual power/role of the mind. Each image represents a body whose proportions are partially distorted and prevails over a head that dissolves, without leaving a trace.. My path began with the approach of the image of women of our times has been reduced to a pattern, a combination of codes and models that lead to the woman/individual instead of the other way around. Human Dilatations does not fear the marks of frailness of the body and its imperfections but rather encourages the female image to appear as a whole: a shape by itself, in a game of distortions that allows one to differently relate to the image, entirely detached from the stereotypical and hypocritical notion of beauty.. My challenge is to seek the essence of the female being in a dimension that goes beyond the logos, ...
The development of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the early 1980s overcame some of the limitations of transabdominal ultrasound for imaging the gastrointestinal tract wall and retroperitoneum. One of the advantages of EUS is the ability to apply the
Upon examination, JiXueMei director informed him, his wife is principally caused by polycystic ovary symptoms follicular is definitely bad, the necessity to do the operation. Lots of females not treatment dermoid ovarian cyst at the same time for psychological reasons. Methods From January 2002 to January 2011, 217 sufferers were publicly stated to South west Hospital designed for congenital biliary duct cyst.. Dermoid ovarian cyst is definitely rarely cancer, approximately just 2 percent of these types of complicated ovarian cysts are found to get malignant, however they can turn (known while ovarian torsion) causing a lot of trouble for the ovary and a lot of discomfort to the female who suffers of this condition.. Choledochal cysts have some scientific expression on the disease in childhood. Hemorrhagic cysts are far more likely to happen and much a lesser amount of very likely to dissolve issues very own when there is an discrepancy in hormone levels. Ovarian torsion happens when the cyst ...
Anatomy and Development of the Liver -- Normal functional biology of the liver -- Laboratory assessment of hepatic injury and function -- Mechanisms of Liver Injury -- Radiology of the liver in children -- Phenotypes of liver disease in infants, children and adolescents children -- Psychosocial, cognitive, and quality of life considerations in the child with liver disease and their family children -- Metabolic liver disease -- Part 1 -- Metabolic liver disease -- Part 2 -- Neonatal Hemochromatosis and Gestational Alloimmune Liver Disease -- Alagille Syndrome -- Idiopathic Neonatal Hepatitis and its Differential Diagnoses -- Biliary atresia -- Choledochal Cysts and fibrocystic diseases of the liver -- Infections of the Liver -- Autoimmune Hepatitis and Sclerosing Cholangitis -- Parental Nutrition Associated Liver Disease in Pediatric Patients: Strategies for Treatment and Prevention -- Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis -- Drug induced liver injury in children: A ...
This handbook is comprised of 60 chapters subdivided into six sections. Section 1 mainly focuses on evidence-based patient management. Sections 2 and 3 cover upper and lower gastrointestinal tract diseases. Section 4 discusses pancreas diseases, while sections 5 and 6 deal with the biliary system and the liver. An additional seventh section contains an image gallery with pictures of gastrointestinal, endoscopy, pancreatico-biliary endoscopy (ERCP), and radiology (including CT scan and MRI) provided to facilitate the readers understanding of the diseases. Finally, a self-assessment section with multiple-choice questions is included at the end of each chapter, so that students may test their own knowledge on the topic ...
Finger or Hand Cyst excision by Hand Fellowship Trained Plastic Surgeon. Cyst excision can be performed easily and safely in office surgery suite
0056]The narrowing portion 240C of the outer upper portion 252 of the reservoir module 202 provides space to receive the posterior end of the electronic module 204. Thus, a user can first easily place the posterior end of the electronic module 204 into the narrowing portion 240C of the outer upper portion 252 since the narrowing portion 240C is wider than the posterior end of the electronic module 204. Guided by the ridges 264, 266, the user can then easily guide and push the posterior end of the electronic module 204 to slide down the channel 267 from the narrowing portion 240C through the narrow portion 242C toward the posterior end of the reservoir module 202 until the coupler 246 of the electronic module 204 loosely engages the coupler 247 of the reservoir module about the posterior end 235. Then the electronic module 204 and the reservoir module 202 can be pressed together in a pivotal motion to firmly engage the couplers at both the anterior end 233 and the posterior end 235. The couplers ...
... portions and 10.0 cm^2 at the constriction. Water is flowing in the pipe, and the discharge from the pipe is 6.00*10^-3 m^3/s(6.00 L/s). Find (a) the flow speeds at the wide and the narrow portions; (b) the pressure difference between those portions; (c) the difference in height between the mercury columns and the U-shaped tube. ...
Congenital cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic biliary ducts, until recently, has been infrequently recognized. Three patients with this anomaly have been tre
Salimov R. R., Sevostyanov E. A. Estimation of dilatations for mappings more general than quasiregular mappings. Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2010. - 62, no. 11. pp. 1531-1537
Wydział Chemii UAM, ul. Umultowska 89b, 61-614 Poznań, tel. +48 61 829 1554 lub 1556, 1563, 1564, fax +48 61 829 1555, e-mail: [email protected] Ten serwis używa plików "cookie" zgodnie z Polityką Cookies. Brak zmiany ustawień przeglądarki oznacza jej akceptację.. ...
A tearful Paula Jones and a dry-eyed Kenneth Starr joined Thursday in giving President Clinton the same message: There is no end in sight to his legal problems.Starrs investigation will continue
Surgical enterobiliar anastomosis has a higher treatment mortality and morbidity than an endoscopic tent but usually remains open for the patient`s remaining survival time. A cholecystojejunostomy can be performed if the cystic duct is well expanded and opens sufficiently into the bile duct with a safe distance from the tumor. A choledochal duodenostomy gives successful results if the tumor does not grow too high into the hepatoduodenal ligament. Alternatively, an anastomosis can be made between the common hepatic duct and either the duodenum or a jejunal Roux loop. Exploration is not recommended if only installing an enterbiliary anastomosis. In these cases, endoscopic or percutaneous drainage should be performed instead. If a non-resectable tumor is found by laparotomy, surgical by-pass is recommended as routine treatment. ...
mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}. 1. Know these terms as well as the roots, pre and sufix.. Sublingual. 2. Enterocentesis. 3. Gastrocolic. 4. Enteropexy. 5. Gastrocolitis. 6. Gastrohepatic. 7. Enterology. 8. Enterocele. 9. Gastrolith. 10. Hepatoid. 11. Hepatorrhea. 12. Gastropexy. 13. Gastroplegia. 14. Gastromegaly. 15. Gastrolithiasis. 16. Cholangioma. 17. Choledochoplasty. 18. Cholemesis. 19. Cholecystolithiasis. 20. Cholecyst. 21. Choledochal. 22. Hepatoma. 23. Hepatomegaly. 24. Hepatopathy. 25. Hepatologist. 26. Esophagocele. 27. Esophagomalacia. 28. Esophagotomy. 29. Esophagostenosis. 30. Esophagomycosis. 31. Cirrhosis. 32. Cholangioma. 33. Endoscopy. 34. Cachexia. 35. Viscera. 36. Dysphagia. 37. Bulimia. 38. Endocrine. 39. Dentoid. 40. Laparotomy. 41. Biopsy. 42. Glossal. 43. Fistula. 44. Peristalsis. 45. Gingivectomy. 46. Stomatoplasty. 47. Anastomosis. 48. Jejunostomy. 49. Hernioplasty. ...
The thyroid gland is a highly vascular organ, situated at the front and sides of the neck; it consists of right and left lobes connected across the mid line by a narrow portion, the isthmus. Its weight is somewhat variable, but is usually about 30 grams. It is slightly heavier in the female, in whom it becomes enlarged during menstruation and pregnancy. The lobes are conical in shape, the apex of each being directed superior and lateral as far as the junction of the middle with the lower third of the thyroid cartilage; the base looks inferior, and is on a level with the fifth or sixth tracheal ring. Each lobe is about 5 cm. long; its greatest width is about 3 cm and its thickness about 2 cm. The lateral or superficial surface is convex, and covered by the skin, the superficial and deep fasciae, the Sternocleidomastoid, the superior belly of the Omohyoid, the Sternohyoid and Sternothyreoid, and beneath the last muscle by the pretracheal layer of the deep fascia, which forms a capsule for the ...
The thoracic duct cysts located in the supraclavicular region are very rare masses, the etiology of which is not completely known. This article presents the clinical follow-up of a 35-year-old male patient diagnosed with throracic duct cyst situated in the left supraclavicular region and the patients condition is discussed in line with literature. The patient admitted to our clinic with a complaint of a mass in the left supraclavicular region that had appeared six months ago and that had been increasingly growing. A cyst excision under general anesthesia was performed to the patient who was pre-diagnosed with thoracic duct cyst following the radiological evaluation and the needle aspiration biopsy. There were no complications or a recurrence during the six months of postoperative follow-up. ...
Lover of the small details of the human body that photography is able to locate in his goal, Roger Weiss likes to play with the expansion of the human body, just like the title of this fantastic series that you see below, Human dilatations, or a fragmented work and reassembly of a series of frames which create images of elongated bodies and very detailed in their natural beauty that goes beyond the aesthetic beauty standards with which bombardono us every day. ...
Learn more about Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography at Reston Hospital Center DefinitionReasons for TestPossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectResultsCall ...
At the Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Germany, biliary reconstruction after iatrogenic bile duct lesions was performed in 85 patients by means of end-to-side Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. In 66%...
Care guide for Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
This article focuses on a study related to MRCP and for the investigation of pancreaticobiliary disease. The study aims to compare and contrast the use of MRCP and ERCP in pancreaticobiliary (PB) disease at the research centre in consecutive patients over a 20 months period. 30% of patients with suspected PB disease have initial MRCP rather than ERCP. Agreement between procedures is moderate at best for biliary disease and excellent for pancreatic disease. MRCP and ERCP are used synergistically at the research centre the former reducing the burden on the latter ...
On an average about 80 Out- patients per day and 15 Inpatients are attending every day. The entire gamut of ENT Surgery namely E&C, DNS, Septoplasty, FESS, Mastoidectomy, Foreign Body Removal (from Ear, Nose, Throat) all Endoscopy (both flexible & rigid), Head & Neck Surgery like Thyroglossal Cyst excision, Endo DCR- are performed competently ...
My daughter aged 8 years got severe abdomen pain about 5 months ago. When we consulted gastroenterologist, he preferred CT scan and MRCP scan to diagnose
Lipsett P, Pitt H, Colombani P, Boitnott J, Cameron J (1994). "Choledochal cyst disease. A changing pattern of presentation". ... Congenital liver abnormalities, such as Caroli's syndrome (a specific type of five recognized choledochal cysts), have been ...
Congenital liver abnormalities, such as Caroli's syndrome (a specific type of five recognized choledochal cysts), have been ... "Choledochal cyst disease. A changing pattern of presentation". Annals of Surgery. 220 (5): 644-52. doi:10.1097/00000658- ...
"Choledochal cyst associated with extrahepatic bile duct atresia". Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. 10 (1): ... choledochal cyst, cholestasis, congenital cytomegalovirus disease, congenital herpes simplex virus infection, congenital ...
5. Paul SS, Rao PL, Mullick P. Choledochal cyst. Ind J Radiol 18;172:1964. 6. Paul SS, Rao PL. Porencephalic cyst. Ind Pediatr ...
A rare incidence of choledochal cyst is also reported as well. A 2007 study followed 112 individuals for a mean of 12 years ( ...
"Conventional and unconventional surgical modalities for choledochal cyst: long-term follow-up". Annals of Pediatric Surgery. 7 ...
Structural abnormalities such as biliary atresia and choledochal cysts can lead to cholestatic liver injury leading to neonatal ... infects the liver and forms characteristic hepatic hydatid cysts. The liver flukes Fasciola hepatica and Clonorchis sinensis ...
On neonatal ultrasound, a double bubble can also be caused by a choledochal cyst, omental cyst, or enteric duplication cyst. ...
Congenital biliary cystic disease, such as choledochal cysts or Caroli's disease, has also been associated with malignant ...
A hepatoportoenterostomy or Kasai portoenterostomy is a surgical treatment performed on infants with Type IVb choledochal cyst ...
... in that it is not one of the many choledochal cyst derivatives. The first symptoms typically include fever, intermittent ... 2007). "Bile duct cyst type V (Caroli's disease): surgical strategy and results". HPB (Oxford). 9 (4): 281-4. doi:10.1080/ ... After reviewing 46 cases of Caroli disease before 1990, 21.7% of the cases were the result of an intraheptic cyst or ... nonobstructive biliary tree dilation, 34.7% were linked with congenital hepatic fibrosis, 13% were isolated choledochal cystic ...
... type V choledochal cyst) Type IV choledochal cysts Sleisenger, Marvin (2006). Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and ... Polycystic liver disease Solitary congenital cysts Congenital hepatic fibrosis Hydatid cyst Von Meyenburg complexes Caroli ...
... primary sclerosing Cholecystitis Choledochal cyst, hand malformation Cholelithiasis Cholemia, familial Cholera Cholestasis ... Cleft hand absent tibia Cleft lip and palate malrotation cardiopathy Cleft lip and/or palate with mucous cysts of lower Cleft ... familial Cardiac diverticulum Cardiac hydatid cysts with intracavitary expansion Cardiac malformation Cardiac tamponade Cardiac ... opalescent teeth phosphaturia Cerebral cavernous malformation Cerebral cavernous malformations Cerebral gigantism jaw cysts ...
"Forme fruste Choledochal Cyst", variant of Choledocal cyst described in children in which there is Anomalous Pancreatico ...
... choledochal cyst MeSH C06.130.120.127.500 --- caroli disease MeSH C06.130.120.135 --- cholestasis MeSH C06.130.120.135.150 --- ... esophageal cyst MeSH C06.405.117.367 --- esophageal fistula MeSH C06.405.117.367.725 --- tracheoesophageal fistula MeSH C06.405 ... mesenteric cyst MeSH C06.844.640.249 --- peritonitis, tuberculous MeSH C06.844.640.500 --- subphrenic abscess. ...
Choledochal cyst (Q44.5) Other congenital malformations of bile ducts (Q44.6) Cystic disease of liver (Q44.7) Other congenital ... fistula and cyst of branchial cleft (Q18.1) Preauricular sinus and cyst (Q18.2) Other branchial cleft malformations Otocephaly ... Malformation of urachus Cyst of urachus Patent urachus Prolapse of urachus (Q64.5) Congenital absence of bladder and urethra ( ... Embryonic cyst of cervix (Q51.7) Congenital fistulae between uterus and digestive and urinary tracts (Q51.8) Other congenital ...
... choledochal cyst MeSH C16.131.314.184.500 --- caroli disease MeSH C16.131.314.244 --- diaphragmatic eventration MeSH C16.131. ... central nervous system cysts MeSH C16.131.666.142.100 --- arachnoid cysts MeSH C16.131.666.190 --- central nervous system ... bronchogenic cyst MeSH C16.131.740.214 --- bronchopulmonary sequestration MeSH C16.131.740.271 --- choanal atresia MeSH C16.131 ...
Drugs Total parenteral nutrition Idiopathic Biliary atresia or bile duct obstruction Alagille syndrome Choledochal cyst " ...
Choledochalcyst laparoscopic excision & Hepatojejunostomy Hydatid cyst excision ( palanivelu's hydatid trocar system ) Single ...
"choledochal cyst" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Liu YB, Wang JW, Devkota KR, et al. (2007). "Congenital choledochal cysts in ... Choledochal cysts (a.k.a. bile duct cyst) are congenital conditions involving cystic dilatation of bile ducts. They are ... Choledochal cysts are treated by surgical excision of the cyst with the formation of a roux-en-Y anastomosis ... There is an increased risk of cancer in the wall of the cyst. In older individuals, choledochal cysts are more likely to cause ...
Choledochal cysts *Caroli disease. *Biliary atresia. Liver. *Alagille syndrome. *Polycystic liver disease ...
Choledochal cysts(英语:Choledochal cysts) *Caroli disease(英语:Caroli disease) ...
Total Laparoscopic Excision of Type I Choledochal Cyst with RNY Hepaticojejunostomy. Bestoun H Ahmed, MD, FRCS, FACS, Ziad Awad ... Dissection of the choledochal cyst is performed from surrounding structures in this sequence: anteriorly, medially, laterally, ... MRI/MRCP showed: fusiform dilatation of the common biliary duct likely a type I choledochal cyst with small diverticular ... The small cyst outpouching is dissected off and removed separately after identification of the common hepatic duct. The Roux ...
... between cyst and jejunum) for pancreatic cyst (costs for program #232357) ✔ University Hospital Ulm ✔ Department of General and ... P) U. Waidner, D. Henne-Bruns, K. Buttenschön: Choledochal cays as a diagnostic pitfall: a case report. J. Medical Case reports ... Pancreatic cyst Total amount * Program [Description]. Enterostomy of cyst and fistulization (between cyst and jejunum) for ... Enterostomy of cyst and fistulization (between cyst and jejunum) for pancreatic cyst (program ID: 232357) Head Physician ...
Choledochal cysts in children and adults are believed to be different, but direct comparison between them is lacking in the ... Liu CL, Fan ST, Lo CM, Lam CM, Poon RT, Wong J. Choledochal cysts in adults. Arch Surg 2002;137:465-468.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ... Choledochal cysts-differences in children and adults. Br J Surg 1996; 83:186-188.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Surgical treatment of choledochal cysts. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2003;10:352-359.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Choledochal cysts are congenital anomalies of the bile ducts. They consist of cystic dilatations of the extrahepatic biliary ... 4] Choledochal cysts are no exception. These cysts appear as large fusiform or saccular masses that may be extrahepatic, ... Sato et al reviewed their US findings in 12 patients with choledochal cysts [29] and found that the cyst diameter changed ... Nuclear medicine scan of a choledochal cyst late in the study, with the cyst completely defined (see the previous 2 images). ...
The cysts grow on or around the bile duct and cause abnormal enlargement ... Choledochal Cysts are a congenital abnormality starting in childhood. ... Choledochal Cysts Choledochal Cysts are a congenital abnormality that usually presents in childhood. They are cysts that grow ... Frequently, adults with choledochal cysts complain of vague pain in the upper middle region or right upper quadrant and can ...
... R. P. Jalleh and R. C. N. Williamson ... R. P. Jalleh and R. C. N. Williamson, "Choledochal Cyst and Chronic Pancreatitis - Treated by Proximal Pancreatectomy," HPB ...
... R. P. Jalleh and R. C. N. Williamson ... Leslie Price, Richard Kozarek, and Nicholas Agoff, "Squamous Cell Carcinoma Arising Within a Choledochal Cyst," Digestive ... Kazuhiko Hiramatsu, Francois Paye, Ali Reza Kianmanesh, Alain Sauvanet, Benoit Terris, and Jacques Belghiti, "Choledochal cyst ... "Surgical management of choledochal cysts," The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 167, no. 5, pp. 497-500, 1994. View at ...
A choledochal cyst is a dilation of the duct that transports bile from the liver to the digestive tract. Learn more from Boston ... Choledochal Cysts. What is a choledochal cyst?. A choledochal cyst is a congenital anomaly of the duct (tube) that transports ... Choledochal cysts are congenital.. What are the symptoms of a choledochal cyst? Although children are born with choledochal ... Choledochal cysts are rare: one in every 100,000 to 150,000 children in Western countries is born with choledochal cysts. Girls ...
... also known as choledochal cyst, is a fairly uncommon anomaly of the biliary tract. Although it was first described by Vater and ... encoded search term (Pediatric Choledochal Cyst Surgery) and Pediatric Choledochal Cyst Surgery What to Read Next on Medscape. ... Anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal system theory of choledochal cyst etiology. From Babbitt DP. [Congenital choledochal cysts ... Malignancies in choledochal cyst can arise from the distal CBD, the wall of the cyst (even after successful drainage at ...
"choledochal cyst" at Dorlands Medical Dictionary Liu YB, Wang JW, Devkota KR, et al. (2007). "Congenital choledochal cysts in ... Choledochal cysts (a.k.a. bile duct cyst) are congenital conditions involving cystic dilatation of bile ducts. They are ... Choledochal cysts are treated by surgical excision of the cyst with the formation of a roux-en-Y anastomosis ... There is an increased risk of cancer in the wall of the cyst. In older individuals, choledochal cysts are more likely to cause ...
Choledochal cysts represent a congenital dilatation or focal enlargement of the bile ducts that drain bile from the liver. ... Choledochal Cysts Choledochal cysts represent a congenital dilatation or focal enlargement of the bile ducts that drain bile ... Intrahepatic bile duct cysts. The cause of choledochal cysts is unknown. One theory is that an abnormally high connection ... These cysts rarely present in adulthood. Long standing choledochal cysts have been associated with bile duct cancer. ...
Choledochal cyst is an uncommon condition and its exact etiology is unknown. Anamalous junction of the pancreatic and bile ... Serfas L S, Lyter C S: Choledochal cyst with a report of an intraduodenal choledochal cyst. Am J Surg 93:980, 1957CrossRef ... Chen W J, Chang C H, Hung W T: Congenital choledochal cyst with observations on rupture of the cyst and intrahepatic ductal ... Kobayashi A, Ohbe Y: Choledochal cyst in infancy and childhood. Analysis of 16 cases. Arch Dis Child 52:121, 1977PubMedCrossRef ...
8. Watanabe Y, Toki A, Todani T. Bile duct cancer developed after cyst excision for choledochal cyst. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat ... Risk of subsequent biliary malignancy in patients undergoing cyst excision for congenital choledochal cysts. J Gastroenterol ... Type II intrapancreatic choledochal malignant cyst in adults: Duodenopancreatectomy. Quiste de colédoco tipo II ... the usual techniques for treating choledochal cysts, with excision of the cyst or the whole bile duct (depending on the case) ...
METHODS: Of the 84 patients who had choledochal cyst who came under our care, 79 have had definitive surgery, three ... Reports on the late results of choledochal cyst excision with hepaticojejunostomy in children are relatively few. ... Choledochal Cyst / surgery*. Cholelithiasis / etiology. Drainage. Enterostomy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. ... METHODS: Of the 84 patients who had choledochal cyst who came under our care, 79 have had definitive surgery, three are ...
Choledochal Cyst Dilatation Fever Hepatic Duct, Common Humans Jaundice Male Prognosis Weight Loss ... Choledochal cyst Adenosquamous carcinma MeSH Terms expand_less. expand_more. Abdominal Pain Adult Biliary Tract Carcinoma, ... Adenosquamous Carcinoma Arising in Choledochal Cyst.. Hyun JH , Lee HS , Lee SW , Song CW , Ryu HS , Kang DH , Kim CD , Kim JW ... Recently we experienced a case of carcinoma arising in a choledochal cyst in 27-year-old male complaining jaundice and fever. ...
Choledochal Cyst: A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct ... Choledochal Cysts; Choledochal Cyst, Diverticulum; Choledochal Cyst, Type II; Choledochal Cyst, Type III; Choledochal Cyst, ... Cyst, Choledochal; Cyst, Congenital Choledochal; Cyst, Intrahepatic Choledochal; Cyst, Multiple Choledochal; Cysts, Choledochal ... Cyst, Common Bile Duct; Cysts, Common Bile Duct; Intrahepatic Choledochal Cyst; Multiple Choledochal Cysts; Choledochal Cyst, ...
Choledochal cysts are due to congenital dilatations of the biliary tree. The estimated incidence of choledochal cysts is 1 case ... Obstructive jaundice caused by primary choledochal hydatid cyst mimicking radiologically choledochal cyst. J Pediatr Surg 2003 ... can provide better visualization of the choledochal cyst and biliary tree and define the extent of the choledochal cyst. But ... it is important to differentiate choledochal cyst from hydatid cyst [4, 8].. Various diagnostic imaging modalities including US ...
... bile duct surgery to treat a choledochal cyst. ... Treating choledochal cysts with bile duct surgery. Now that ... Autumn had a choledochal cyst, a rare congenital anomaly in which the bile duct and pancreatic duct join in the wrong place, ... Mamula and Brownell, because kids who have had choledochal cysts are at higher risk of cancer when they are older. Annual ... Treatment for Recurrent Pancreatitis and Choledochal Cysts: Autumns Story. Published on Oct 18, 2019 ...
Choledochal cyst Cyst excision Late complications MeSH Terms expand_less. expand_more. Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic Cholangitis ... Choledochal Cyst Constriction, Pathologic Dilatation Follow-Up Studies Humans Pancreas Pancreatitis Postoperative Complications ... This study was conducted to examine the long-term outcome of cyst excision. METHODS: Of 50 choledochal cysts treated over a 10- ... PURPOSE: Even after excision of choledochal cyst, late postoperative complications can develop. ...
Keyword(s): abdominal pain, BP limb, CBD, choledochal cyst, common channel, common hepatic duct, diathermy, DL, duodenum, Endo ...
How can I be sure that the patient has choledochal cysts and/or other congenital abnormalities?. The symptoms of choledochal ... A good review of choledochal cystic malignancies.) Lipsett, PA, Pitt, HA, Colombani, PM. "Choledochal cyst disease: a changing ... "Choledochal cysts: age of presentation, symptoms, and late complications related to Todanis classification". J Pediatr Surg. ... "Choledochal cysts: differences between pediatric and adult patients". J Gastrointest Surg. vol. 14. 2010. pp. 11105-10. ...
Revisions of Choledochal cyst. Back to Article. *Current revision created 2 months ago by Dr Ayush Goel*Revision 73 created 2 ...
What is a bile duct cyst?. Bile ducts cysts, also known as choledochal cysts, are abnormal dilatations of the bile ducts ... Types of Bile Duct Cysts. Simply, a choledochal cyst is an outpouching of the bile duct. It may vary in shape and distribution ... Bile Duct Cysts (Choledochal Cysts) Types and Symptoms. Posted by Dr. Chris ... Saccular cysts are as the name describes and the normally narrow bile duct becomes like a sac. Fusiform cysts are bulging in ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
... Peter Vanlangenhove (UGent) , Luc Defreyne (UGent) ... "Choledochal Cyst Misinterpreted as a Biloma After a Blunt Abdominal Trauma." Rofo-fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiet Der ... "Choledochal Cyst Misinterpreted as a Biloma After a Blunt Abdominal Trauma." ROFO-FORTSCHRITTE AUF DEM GEBIET DER ... Vanlangenhove P, Defreyne L, KERREMANS I, Nachtergaele M, Kunnen M. Choledochal cyst misinterpreted as a biloma after a blunt ...
  • The small cyst outpouching is dissected off and removed separately after identification of the common hepatic duct. (sages.org)
  • Recently we experienced a case of carcinoma arising in a choledochal cyst in 27-year-old male complaining jaundice and fever. (koreamed.org)
  • Choledochal Cyst presents with Pain, lump and progressive jaundice. (medicoapps.rocks)
  • We were admitted to our local hospital and over the next few days she developed severe jaundice, they ran lots of tests and we discovered on around day 4 it was choledochal cyst. (healthunlocked.com)
  • The classification system for choledochal cysts was further refined by Todani and colleagues and currently includes 5 major types (see the images below). (medscape.com)
  • The most accepted classification system of biliary cysts, the Todani classification, does not include this lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Todani type II choledochal cyst was diagnosed with neoplastic degeneration after cytological diagnosis with endoscopic ultrasound-guided puncture. (isciii.es)
  • En las pruebas de imagen se observó una lesión sólido-quística en la cabeza de páncreas comunicante con la vía biliar distal, y se diagnosticó quiste de colédoco tipo II de Todani con degeneración neoplásica en su interior confirmada tras una biopsia por punción en una ecoendoscopia. (isciii.es)
  • The study was completed with a cholangio-NMR ( Fig. 3 ) and abdominal NMR ( Fig. 4 ), with and without i.v. contrast, which confirmed the previous findings of a Todani type II choledochal cyst with probable tumour degeneration. (isciii.es)
  • The Todani class associated with bile duct cysts divides choledochal cysts straight into six sets. (belajardong.info)
  • It outlines the exact anatomy of the choledochal cyst and its relationship with the pancreas. (medscape.com)
  • Of the 4 patients with pancreatitis, 2 developed pancreatitis because of pancreas divisum and probably residual distal cyst. (koreamed.org)
  • Blood work at the hospital showed signs of pancreitis, and they performed a scan in the morning , which revealed a cyst like formation on top of the pancreas. (healthunlocked.com)
  • Type I and IV-A cysts accompany anomalies of the pancreas. (scirp.org)
  • Dynamic study of pancreaticobiliary reflux using secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with choledochal cysts. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Hussein Ahmed Mohammed Hamdy, MRCSEd, FEBPS* Hind Mustafa Zaidan, MBBS ** Martin Corbally, MCh, FRCSI, FCRS, FRCSEd*** ABSTRACT We present a 2-month-old jaundiced infant with a rare type of biliary atresia who appeared to have a choledochal cyst on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and ultrasound. (healthdocbox.com)
  • These cysts can be further defined by using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, ERCP, or endoscopic ultrasonography. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Since secondary bile acids have mutagenic potency and choledochal cyst patients with or without cyst‐enterostomy have a high risk of developing bile duct carcinoma, we examined the hypothesis that secondary bile acids are elevated in the choledochal cyst and possibly cause biliary tract carcinoma. (elsevier.com)
  • Eleven choledochal cyst patients with or without previous cyst‐enterostomy or biliary tract carcinoma, seven patients with biliary tract carcinoma not associated with choledochal cyst and five patients with cholecystolithiasis were examined. (elsevier.com)
  • Neither the relative composition nor the absolute concentration of secondary bile acids (deoxycholic acid, lithocholic acid) elevated in patients with choledochal cyst compared with the values in the non‐choledochal cyst patients with or without biliary tract carcinoma. (elsevier.com)
  • The presence of biliary tract carcinoma or previous cyst‐enterostomy did not affect the concentrations of secondary bile acids. (elsevier.com)
  • The results suggest that the factor other than secondary bile acids can be primarily responsible for the high risk of bile duct carcinoma in patients with choledochal cyst. (elsevier.com)
  • Total excision of the cyst is possible in virtually all infants and young children. (medscape.com)
  • In infants, choledochal cysts usually lead to obstruction of the bile ducts and retention of bile. (wikipedia.org)
  • In case of Roux-en-Y anastomosis, the foot of the Roux limb is fashioned transumbilically, outside of the abdomen in case of infants and small children. (websurg.com)
  • Introduction: Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital abnormality of the biliary tract presented primarily in infants and young children. (ac.ir)
  • Choledochal cyst is a congenital abnormality of the biliary tract, presenting primarily in infants and young children. (elsevier.com)
  • We report three infants, aged 2, 2.5 and 3 months, with association of choledochal cyst and extrahepatic biliary atresia who were treated at our institute. (bioline.org.br)
  • Landing B H: Considerations of the pathogenesis of neonatal hepatitis, biliary atresia and choledochal cyst. (springer.com)
  • The association of biliary atresia and choledochal cyst is extremely rare with clinical presentation mimicking that of biliary atresia. (bioline.org.br)
  • Considerations of pathogenesis of neonatal hepatitis, biliary atresia and choledochal cyst - the concept of infantile obstructive cholangiopathy. (bioline.org.br)
  • There was no mortality in the entire group that underwent cyst excision and they are all enjoying a good quality of life. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: Of 50 choledochal cysts treated over a 10-year period (1991~2000), excluding cancer and rare types, 39 patients (type I: 21, IVa: 18) who underwent cyst excision were reviewed to evaluate the late outcome. (koreamed.org)
  • A 33-year-old woman, who underwent cyst excision 3 years ago, presented with pancreatitis. (e-ce.org)
  • Type III cysts arise from the intraduodenal portion of the bile duct, which is the part that extends into the duodenum of the small intestine. (healthhype.com)
  • After the cyst was excised, the cut edges of the cyst was sutured to the duodenum mucosa forming a continuous surface. (utoronto.ca)
  • A choledochal cyst may obstruct the duodenum by extrinsic pressure. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Choledochal cyst is an uncommon condition and its exact etiology is unknown. (springer.com)
  • These cysts are uncommon in Western countries, but are not rare in Asian countries. (scirp.org)
  • It is very uncommon for choledochal cyst to be demonstrated during pregnancy. (ac.ir)
  • It is very uncommon for choledochal cyst presenting during pregnancy. (elsevier.com)
  • The small cyst outpouching is dissected off and removed separately after identification of the common hepatic duct. (sages.org)
  • Types I and IV-A cysts are the most common types, which are associated with anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction (APBJ), but other cysts are not associated with APBJ. (scirp.org)
  • This study was aimed to identify the clinicopathological differences between 42 children and 59 adults with choledochal cyst treated by same surgeons at the Cathay General Hospital. (springer.com)