Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the GALLBLADDER.
Radiography of the gallbladder after ingestion of a contrast medium.
Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).
Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.
A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.
Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.
Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.
Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.
Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the COMMON BILE DUCT.
Diseases of the GALLBLADDER. They generally involve the impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
A malignant tumor arising from the epithelium of the BILE DUCTS.
The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS genus, HEPATITIS B VIRUS. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
Those hepatitis B antigens found on the surface of the Dane particle and on the 20 nm spherical and tubular particles. Several subspecificities of the surface antigen are known. These were formerly called the Australia antigen.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS B VIRUS lasting six months or more. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
Antibodies to the HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS, including antibodies to the surface (Australia) and core of the Dane particle and those to the "e" antigens.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A CCN protein family member that regulates a variety of extracellular functions including CELL ADHESION; CELL MIGRATION; and EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX synthesis. It is found in hypertrophic CHONDROCYTES where it may play a role in CHONDROGENESIS and endochondral ossification.
Proteins that are coded by immediate-early genes, in the absence of de novo protein synthesis. The term was originally used exclusively for viral regulatory proteins that were synthesized just after viral integration into the host cell. It is also used to describe cellular proteins which are synthesized immediately after the resting cell is stimulated by extracellular signals.
Regulatory proteins and peptides that are signaling molecules involved in the process of PARACRINE COMMUNICATION. They are generally considered factors that are expressed by one cell and are responded to by receptors on another nearby cell. They are distinguished from HORMONES in that their actions are local rather than distal.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Tissue that supports and binds other tissues. It consists of CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS embedded in a large amount of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
The fifth planet in order from the sun. It is one of the five outer planets of the solar system. Its sixteen natural satellites include Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, and Io.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
The environment outside the earth or its atmosphere. The environment may refer to a closed cabin (such as a space shuttle or space station) or to space itself, the moon, or other planets.
The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.

Gallstone formation prophylaxis after gastric restrictive procedures for weight loss: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. (1/56)

OBJECT: To determine if a 6-month regimen of prophylactic ursodeoxycholic acid is effective in the prevention of gallstones. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Rapid weight loss after surgery for the treatment of morbid obesity is associated with a high incidence of gallstone formation. METHODS: Patients with vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) and adjustable gastric banding (AGB) were enrolled in this study. A single-center, randomized, double-blind, prospective trial evaluated 500 mg of ursodeoxycholic acid versus placebo, beginning within 3 days after surgery and continuing for 6 months or until gallstone development, for patients with morbid obesity. Transabdominal sonography or abdominal CT scan was obtained preoperatively at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery or until gallstone formation. RESULTS: From March 1997 to April 2000, 262 patients were submitted to surgery. Seventy-seven patients refused to participate in the study; 43 patients with previous gallstone operation or verified gallstones preoperatively were excluded. Of 152 patients, 76 were randomized to placebo and 76 to 500 mg of ursodeoxycholic acid daily. Preoperative age, sex, weight, BMI, and postoperative weight loss were not significantly different between groups. Gallstone formation was significantly less (P = 0.0018, Fisher exact test) frequent with ursodeoxycholic acid than with placebo at 12 months, 3% versus 22%, and 8% versus 30% (P = 0.0022) at 24 months, cholecystectomy in 4.7% versus 12%, respectively (P < 0,02, Fisher exact test). CONCLUSION: A daily dose of 500 mg of ursodeoxycholic acid for 6 months is effective prophylaxis for gallstone formation following gastric restrictive procedures.  (+info)

Relation of abnormal gallbladder arterioles to gallbladder emptying in patients with gallstone and diabetes mellitus. (2/56)

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is thought to be related to gallstone formation in emptying the gallbladder. Diabetes mellitus may lead to many changes in microarterioles and micronerves; the aim of this study was to investigate the abnormality of arterioles in the gallbladder and its relation to gallbladder hypomotility in patients with gallstone and diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Thirty patients with simple gallstones and 30 patients with gallstones and diabetes mellitus were analyzed, and their gallbladder emptying function was measured with B ultrasound before operation. After operation, the arterioles of the gallbladder rinsed with periodic acid-schiff (PAS) reagent in photos were used for analysis of the tublar area and stereo system with the Beihang CM-2000B biological and medical photo system. RESULTS: In patients with gallstones and diabetes mellitus, the gallbladder emptying function was significantly impaired, the area ratio of the arteriole wall to whole arterioles in cross section was significantly higher than that in patients with simple gallstones (0.81+/-0.09 vs. 0.58+/-0.15, P<0.01), and the average sound density was also higher (0.41+/-0.07 vs. 0.30+/-0.12, P<0.01) in patients with gallstones and diabetes mellitus than in those with simple gallstones. The size of arterioles (diameter) was not significantly related to the area ratio (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: In patients with diabetes mellitus, the sedimentation of PAS positive material in the wall of arterioles leads to the stenosis of arterioles. It is probably contributive to hypomotility of the gallbladder.  (+info)

Delayed cholecystectomy for gallstone pancreatitis: re-admissions and outcomes. (3/56)

OBJECTIVE: Timing of cholecystectomy after gallstone pancreatitis and use of pre-operative cholangiography varies considerably between surgeons. We examined outcomes in a district general hospital where most patients underwent delayed cholecystectomy following pre-operative cholangiography. METHODS: A retrospective review of admissions with gallstone pancreatitis over a 5-year period was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 77 patients with gallstone pancreatitis were identified of whom 58 underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) at a median of 67.5 days after index admission. Of these patients, 21% had unplanned re-admission while awaiting LC rising to 25% of those who waited for more than 4 weeks. Surgery at 4 weeks would have been associated with a 6% re-admission rate. Re-admissions were due to pancreatitis (4 cases), cholecystitis (3 cases), biliary colic (4 cases) and pseudocyst (1 case). In all, 49 patients had pre-operative cholangiography and 13 had pre-operative endoscopic extraction of stones from the common bile duct. CONCLUSIONS: Delay of LC for greater than 4 weeks after gallstone pancreatitis is associated with a high, unplanned re-admission rate, even with liberal use of pre-operative cholangiography.  (+info)

Genomic determination of CR1 CD35 density polymorphism on erythrocytes of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. (4/56)

AIM: To study the changes of quantitative expression, adhering activity and genomic density polymorphism of complement types in erythrocytes (CR1) of patients with gallbladder carcinoma and the related clinical significance. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Hind III restriction enzyme digestion, quantitative assay of CR1 and adhering activity assay of CR1 in erythrocytes were used. RESULTS: The number and adhering activity of CR1 in patients with gallbladder carcinoma (0.738+/-0.23, 45.9+/-5.7) were significantly lower than those in chronic cholecystitis and cholecystolithiasis (1.078+/-0.21, 55.1+/-5.9) and healthy controls (1.252+/-0.31, 64.2+/-7.4) (P<0.01). The number and adhering activity of CR1 in patients with chronic cholecystitis and cholecystolithiasis (1.078+/-0.21, 55.1+/-5.9) were significantly lower than those in healthy controls (1.252+/-0.31, 64.2+/-7.4) (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between quantitative expression and adhering activity of CR1 (r = 0.79, P<0.01). Compared with those on preoperative day (0.738+/-0.23, 45.4+/-4.9), the number and adhering activity of CR1 in patients with gallbladder carcinoma decreased greatly on the third postoperative day (0.310+/-0.25, 31.8+/-5.1) (P<0.01), and on the first postoperative week (0.480+/-0.25, 38.9+/-5.2) (P<0.01), but they were increased slightly than those on the preoperative day (P>0.05). The number and adhering activity of CR1 recovered in the second postoperative week(0.740+/-0.24, 46.8+/-5.9) (P<0.01) and increased greatly in the third postoperative week (0.858+/-0.35, 52.7+/-5.8) (P<0.01) in comparison with those on the preoperative day and in the first postoperative week. The number and adhering activity of CR1 of gallbladder carcinoma patients with infiltrating, adjacent lymphogenous and distant organ metastases were significantly lower than those of gallbladder carcinoma patients without them (P<0.01). No difference was observed between the patients with gallbladder carcinoma and healthy individuals in the spot mutation rate of CR1 density gene (chi(2) = 0.521, P>0.05). The distribution of expression was 67.8% in high expression genomic type, 24.8% in moderate expression genomic type, and 7.4% in low expression genomic type. The number and adhering activity of CR1 high expression genomic type gallbladder carcinomas (0.749+/-0.22, 42.1+/-6.2) were significantly lower than those of healthy individuals (1.240+/-0.29, 63.9+/-7.2), and were also significantly lower than those of healthy individuals (0.921+/-0.23, 54.8+/-7.1), but no difference was observed between the number and adhering activity of CR1 lower expression genomic type gallbladder carcinomas (0.582+/-0.18, 44.3+/-5.5) and those of healthy individuals (0.610+/-0.20, 45.8+/-5.7) (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Defective expression of CR1 in gallbladder carcinoma is mostly acquired through central peripheral mechanisms. The changes in CR1 quantitative expression and adhering activity are consanguineously related to the development and metastasis in gallbladder carcinoma.  (+info)

Results of cholecystectomy without intraoperative cholangiography. (5/56)

BACKGROUND: To determine if cholecystectomy can be performed satisfactorily without the use of adjunctive intraoperative cholangiography (IOC), we planned a retrospective analysis at a Canadian university teaching hospital. METHODS: General operative morbidity and mortality (in particular, occurrences and complications of missed choledocholithiasis and reoperations for same, and occurrences of bile duct injuries and bile leaks) were noted and analyzed for a consecutive series of cholecystectomies from a single practice, carried out without IOC. MAIN RESULTS: In general, choledocholithiasis could be identified and treated before the operation; missed cases were infrequent and were treatable without reoperation. No major injuries to the bile duct were encountered. CONCLUSIONS: IOC appears to be optional with cholecystectomy; cholecystectomy can be performed without IOC safely in the defined setting, without related major complications from missed choledocholithiasis or excess occurrence of bile-duct injury.  (+info)

The role of magnetic resonance cholangiography in the management of patients with gallstone pancreatitis. (6/56)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) in the preoperative evaluation of patients with gallstone pancreatitis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Gallstone pancreatitis is often associated with the presence of common bile duct (CBD) stones that may require endoscopic removal prior to planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No reliable clinical criteria exist, however, that can accurately predict CBD stones and the need for preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: Sixty-four patients were identified with gallstone pancreatitis based on clinical presentation and imaging studies over a three-and-a-half-year period. All patients underwent MRC, and the images were evaluated for gallstones, CBD stones, cholecystitis, and pancreatitis RESULTS: Seventeen of the 64 patients (27%) with gallstone pancreatitis were found to have CBD stones confirmed by ERCP. MRC correctly predicted CBD stones in 16 of the 17 patients (sensitivity = 94%). In 1 additional patient, MRC demonstrated CBD stones not seen at ERCP, consistent with probable passage. By comparison, the sensitivities of other criteria for predicting CBD stones were (1) elevated bilirubin >or=2.0 mg/dL = 65%; (2) dilated duct on ultrasound = 55%; and (3) CBD stones on ultrasound = 27%. MRC was able to visualize gallbladder stones in 57 of 62 patients (94%) and correctly predicted acute cholecystitis in 6 of 8 patients. MRC also detected peripancreatic edema and inflammatory changes consistent with acute pancreatitis in 45 of 64 patients (70%). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that MRC can accurately identify CBD stones preoperatively in patients with gallstone pancreatitis and provide valuable information with respect to other biliary pathology, including cholelithiasis, acute cholecystitis, and pancreatitis. MRC is an effective noninvasive screening tool for CBD stones, appropriately selecting candidates for preoperative ERCP and sparing others the need for an endoscopic procedure with its associated complications.  (+info)

Endoscopic sphincterotomy in the treatment of cholangiopancreatic diseases. (7/56)

AIM: To investigate the therapeutic effect of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in the treatment of choledocholithiasis and stenosing papillitis. METHODS: A total of 1 026 patients undergoing EST during July 1983 to May 2003 at the institute were retrospectively analyzed. Chronic pancreatitis was diagnosed in 63 (6.1%), cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis in 549 (53.5%), stones in residual biliary duct in 249 (24.3%), stenosing papillitis in 228 (22.2%). In patients with simple stenosing papillitis, most incisions were within 0.5-1 cm in length. As for patients with chronic pancreatitis simultaneously, selective pancreatic sphincterotomy was performed, and incision was within 0.5-0.8 cm in length. For stones less than 1 cm, incision was from 1 to 1.5 cm, and for those larger than 1 cm, incision ranged from 1.5 to 3 cm. For stones more than 2 cm in diameter, detritus basket rather than simple incision was chosen. RESULTS: Of the 798 patients with choledocholithiasis, 764 (93.5%) had successful stone clearance, 215 (94.3%) out of 228 cases of stenosing papillitis were cured totally, while 63 had chronic pancreatitis developed from stenosing papillitis, 57 (90.1%) had sound remission of symptoms, though membranous stenosis emerged in 13 of 57 which was treated with balloon dilatation. After the operation, only 21 cases (2.1%) had complications such as severe pancreatitis and incision bleeding. None of the patients died. CONCLUSION: EST is an ideal surgical management with mini-invasion in the treatment of choledocholithiasis and stenosing papillitis.  (+info)

Patients' quality of life after laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy. (8/56)

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at evaluating and comparing the quality of life in patients who underwent laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy for chronic cholecystolithiasis. METHODS: The study included 25 patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC group) and 26 with open cholecystectomy (OC group). The quality of life was measured with the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GLQI) preoperatively, thereafter regularly at 2, 5, 10 and 16 weeks after the operation. RESULTS: The mean preoperative overall GLQI scores were 112.5 and 110.3 in LC and OC group respectively (P>0.05). In the LC group, the mean overall GLQI score reduced slightly to 110.0 two weeks after the operation (P>0.05). The LC group showed significant improvement in overall score and in the aspects of symptomatology, emotional and physiological status from 5 to 16 weeks postoperatively. In the OC group, the GLQI score reduced to 102.0 two weeks after surgery (P<0.05). Significant reductions were shown in the aspects of symptomatology, physiological and social status. The GLQI scores returned to the preoperative level of 115.6 ten weeks after the operation (P>0.05). The patients experienced significant improvements of GLQI sixteen weeks after OC operation (P<0.01~0.05). Within the 10 postoperative weeks, the LC group had significantly higher GLQI scores than the OC group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LC can improve the quality of life postoperatively better and more rapidly than OC. The assessment of quality of life assessment is a valid method for measuring the effects of surgical treatment.  (+info)

|p||p||bold|The aim of the study|/bold| was to compare the quality of life of patients with cardiovascular diseases after surgical treatment of cholecystolithiasis by means of laparoscopy as compared to open surgery.|/p||p||bold|Material and methods.|/bold| The study group comprised 111 patients burdened with cardiovascular diseases who underwent surgical treatment for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, at the Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Międzyleski Specialistic Hospital in Warsaw, during the period between 2002 and 2005. Patients were divided in two groups: those managed by means of laparoscopic surgery, and those who underwent open surgery. The study was interpreted by means of a questionnaire form created by the authors, entitled SATISFACTION AND GENERAL CONDITION AFTER TREATMENT OF CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS, in combination with the SF-36 questionnaire. The mean observation period for group I patients totaled 22.06 ± 10.98 months, while that of group II patients totaled 22
The treatment of cholecystolithiasis ranges from conservative treatment to resection surgery [15-18]. Operative treatment still remains the first-line choice of treatment for cholecystolithiasis [19]. The two major types of operative treatment for cholecystolithiasis are cholecystectomy and choledochoscopic gallbladder-preserving surgery [20-22]. In our study, all patients with cholecystolithiasis underwent choledochoscopic gallbladder-preserving surgery, and this operation has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective operative method. In comparison with the benefits of cholecystectomy, those of choledochoscopic gallbladder-preserving surgery are significant, including fewer complications, fewer choledochus injuries and rapid recovery as well as rarely affecting digestive function [17, 23-25].. Although choledochoscopic gallbladder-preserving surgery has been indicated to successfully remove cholecystolithiasis and to preserve the function of the gallbladder, postoperative recurrence remains ...
Trouvez votre avocat en fonction de votre problématique juridique - Prise de Rendez-vous et Consultations en ligne à des Tarifs clairs et abordables
Trouvez votre avocat en fonction de votre problématique juridique - Prise de Rendez-vous et Consultations en ligne à des Tarifs clairs et abordables
/CNW Telbec/ - For a fourth consecutive year, the Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada invites Quebecers to join the fight against MS as part of its annual...
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Joignez-vous à nous pour des présentations académiques et industrielles sur le séquençage de nouvelle génération et leurs applications. Un lunch sera servi et la journée se terminera par une session daffiche et un événement social.. ...
Inscription, lunch et rafraichissements gratuits.. These Workshops are intended for scientists interested in the processing and the interpretation of high-throughput omics data. The objective is to familiarize people with methods and tools to analyze and integrate large-scale data sets. The hands-on workshops that will be given are: ...
WARNING -- using this tag in a one-form per encounter workflow may cause duplicate drugOrders to be created. For example, if a monthly rendez-vous form has a field for current regimen, broken down by specific drugs (like a chronic care form might, for example), it is tempting to include this tag in an htmlform replicating the paper encounter form. However, if the patient hasnt changed regimens, but the paper form has the regimen re-entered, youre going to end up with duplicate drugOrders, or worse, contradictory drugOrders if a regimen change has taken place, but the old drugOrders havent been closed which has to be done currently outside of the htmlform (youd have to open the original encounter during which the drugOrder was originally entered) . The best and currently recommended use of this tag is in conjunction with the htmlformflowsheet module, which allows you to use htmlforms in a flowsheet-type patient chart. In this model of using the tag, all patient drugOrders across all ...
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Gemma Pons currently works at the Plastic Surgery Services, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau. Gemma does research in Hematology, Clinical Trials and Surgery. Their most recent publication is Unique Techniques or Approaches in Microvascular and Microlymphatic Surgery.. Academic training: Doctor, Specialist in Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery. Expert in Vascular and Nervous Microsurgery.. List of publications on Pubmed. Professional website. ...
Starting from the implant-based and basic flap elevation techniques, the most refined and last evolutions of the microsurgical breast reconstruction will be presented by our french and international faculty.. During the 3 days of the course, the attendees will practice implant-based, ADM & meshes, pedicled flaps & perforator workhorse flaps on fresh cadaveric material, with only two dissecting participants per operating table, under the supervision of one faculty member.. This course is aimed towards residents, chief residents and seniors who have the desire to improve their practice in this highly specialized field of the reconstructive surgery. The next dissection course will be held at the Medical Faculty of the « Saints Pères » is in the historical area of Saint Germain des Prés.. ...
Here, we report the case of a 53-year-old woman (1.68m and 68.5 kg), who presented with increasing pain due to chronic cholecystolithiasis and a persistent ovarian cyst. The patient was scheduled for elective cholecystectomy and cyst enucleation. Since the early 1980s, the patient has suffered from MCS symptoms with high sensitivity to environmental chemicals, intermittent restlessness and unspecific breathing problems. Since that time, the patient manifested multiple sensitivities to various drugs, which led to her abstinence of all medication for more than 15 years. Preoperative evaluation classified the patient in the ASA II risk category and in a postoperative nausea and vomiting risk score of III (Apfel score). The patient did not receive premedication. In the operation theatre, routine monitoring - consisting of 3-lead-ECG, pulse oxymetry and intermittent blood pressure measurements - was instituted according to our clinical standards. The patient received 100% oxygen for 3 minutes and ...
mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}. 1. Know these terms as well as the roots, pre and sufix.. Sublingual. 2. Enterocentesis. 3. Gastrocolic. 4. Enteropexy. 5. Gastrocolitis. 6. Gastrohepatic. 7. Enterology. 8. Enterocele. 9. Gastrolith. 10. Hepatoid. 11. Hepatorrhea. 12. Gastropexy. 13. Gastroplegia. 14. Gastromegaly. 15. Gastrolithiasis. 16. Cholangioma. 17. Choledochoplasty. 18. Cholemesis. 19. Cholecystolithiasis. 20. Cholecyst. 21. Choledochal. 22. Hepatoma. 23. Hepatomegaly. 24. Hepatopathy. 25. Hepatologist. 26. Esophagocele. 27. Esophagomalacia. 28. Esophagotomy. 29. Esophagostenosis. 30. Esophagomycosis. 31. Cirrhosis. 32. Cholangioma. 33. Endoscopy. 34. Cachexia. 35. Viscera. 36. Dysphagia. 37. Bulimia. 38. Endocrine. 39. Dentoid. 40. Laparotomy. 41. Biopsy. 42. Glossal. 43. Fistula. 44. Peristalsis. 45. Gingivectomy. 46. Stomatoplasty. 47. Anastomosis. 48. Jejunostomy. 49. Hernioplasty. ...
TABLE OF CONTENTS ---------------------------------- = ROSETTA Mission Overview = ROSETTA Mission Objectives - Science Objectives = Mission Profile = Mission Phases Overview - Mission Phase Schedule - Solar Conjunctions/Oppositions - Payload Checkouts = Mission Phases Description - Launch phase (LEOP) - Commissioning phase - Cruise phase 1 - Earth swing-by 1 - Cruise phase 2 (and Deep Impact) - Mars swing-by - Cruise phase 3 - Earth swing-by 2 - Cruise phase 4 (splitted in 4-1 and 4-2) - Steins flyby - Earth swing-by 3 - Cruise phase 5 - Lutetia flyby - Rendez-Vous Manoeuver 1 - Cruise phase 6 - Rendez-Vous Manoeuver 2 - Near comet drift (NCD) phase - Approach phase - Lander delivery and relay phase - Escort phase - Near perihelion phase - Extended mission = Orbiter Experiments - ALICE - CONSERT - COSIMA - GIADA - MIDAS - MIRO - OSIRIS - ROSINA - RPC - RSI - VIRTIS - SREM = LANDER (PHILAE) - Science Objectives - Lander Experiments = Ground Segment - Rosetta Ground Segment - Rosetta Science ...
TABLE OF CONTENTS ---------------------------------- = ROSETTA Mission Overview = ROSETTA Mission Objectives - Science Objectives = Mission Profile = Mission Phases Overview - Mission Phase Schedule - Solar Conjunctions/Oppositions - Payload Checkouts = Mission Phases Description - Launch phase (LEOP) - Commissioning phase - Cruise phase 1 - Earth swing-by 1 - Cruise phase 2 (and Deep Impact) - Mars swing-by - Cruise phase 3 - Earth swing-by 2 - Cruise phase 4 (splitted in 4-1 and 4-2) - Steins flyby - Earth swing-by 3 - Cruise phase 5 - Lutetia flyby - Rendez-Vous Manoeuver 1 - Cruise phase 6 - Rendez-Vous Manoeuver 2 - Near comet drift (NCD) phase - Approach phase - Lander delivery and relay phase - Escort phase - Near perihelion phase - Extended mission = Orbiter Experiments - ALICE - CONSERT - COSIMA - GIADA - MIDAS - MIRO - OSIRIS - ROSINA - RPC - RSI - VIRTIS - SREM = LANDER (PHILAE) - Science Objectives - Lander Experiments = Ground Segment - Rosetta Ground Segment - Rosetta Science ...
Almost a month after the recapture of Paris on the 25th of August 1944, Bernard Citro n reached the capital himself, arriving at le Bourget aerodrome on the 20th September after piloting a party of French officers from London in an Oxford liaison aircraft. Immediately upon landing on French soil once again, he made straight for a rendez-vous with his family who had spent the occupation lying low at their apartment in the centre of Paris, rarely leaving the premises by day, in order to avoid the attentions of the Nazis. Nights were never passed at home, however, as it was always very early in the morning that the police would come to arrest those who were to be deported. On being reunited with his mother for the first time in almost three years he was appalled to learn that his uncle Jacques Bingen ( whom he had last seen in London less than eighteen months previously ) had been captured by the Gestapo near Clermont-Ferrand only four months beforehand, during the early part of May 1944. Following ...
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The international meetings listed below were held at the instigation and under the auspices of the European Vaccine Initiative (formerly European Malaria Vaccine Initiative) in response to the scientific communitys need for discussion/investigation of various malaria and other related matters of interest and concern. 2016 EVI Rendez-Vous, Paris 14 December 2016
Le webzine des webnautes... bref le rendez-vous des jeunes internautes : actus, culture, sports, multim dia, amour, humour, bons plans, vie du jeune, les trucs des jeunes, etc...
Les Respirations : le premier forum qualité de lair. Pollution atmosphérique, environnement, santé, ville durable, transports, ... Rendez-vous le 26 novembre 2014 à Paris au Carreau du Temple pour la dixième édition des Respirations.
Être en vacances cest navoir rien à faire et avoir toute la journée pour le faire ! [Robert Orben]. Vous avez rendez-vous pour vivre une nouvelle expérience bien-être, dans un lieu dexception, lOustaou du Luberon. Contempler le charme dune nature préservée, le plus beau paysage de la région et ne jamais quitter le Luberon des yeux. Sentourer dun environnement convivial et familial avec lexpertise de Cécile et Michel, un couple de professionnels passionnés et spécialisés depuis plusieurs années dans lorganisation de séjours autour du bien-être. Un week-end zen, liant une escapade à vélo, mais aussi lenvie dun séjour zen yoga et méditation. ...
Gynécologue Paris : gynécologie, obstétrique, stérilité, colposcopie, hystéroscopie, oncologie, chirurgie, Docteur Benchimol, spécialiste, Place de la Nation, Paris, France. Rendez-vous en ligne.
Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered as the gold standard treatment for cholecystolithiasis. The critical view of safety is a generally accepted technique of intraoperative visualization but during inflammation and fibrosis in the region of Calot’s triangle it m...
Have a history or presence of pancreatitis (history of chronic pancreatitis or idiopathic acute pancreatitis) or gastrointestinal disorder, (for example relevant esophageal reflux or gall bladder disease, or any gastrointestinal disease which impacts gastric emptying [such as, gastric bypass surgery, pyloric stenosis, with the exception of appendectomy] or could be aggravated by glucagon like peptide [GLP] analogs). Participants with mild hypertension and dyslipidemia, and participants who had cholecystolithiasis (removal of gall stones) and/or cholecystectomy (removal of gall bladder) in the past, with no further sequelae, may be included in the study at the discretion of the screening physician ...
have a history or presence of pancreatitis (history of chronic pancreatitis or idiopathic acute pancreatitis) or gastrointestinal disorder, for example relevant esophageal reflux or gall bladder disease, or any gastrointestinal disease which impacts gastric emptying (GE) (such as, gastric bypass surgery, pyloric stenosis, with the exception of appendectomy) or could be aggravated by GLP-1 analogs or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. Participants with dyslipidemia, and participants who had cholecystolithiasis (removal of gall stones) and/or cholecystectomy (removal of gall bladder) in the past, with no further sequelae, may be included in the study at the discretion of the screening ...
Présentation du cas : Un patient dâge mûr, qui était aussi un chiropraticien, a décelé chez lui une petite lésion cutanée à laide du Chiropractors Guide to Skin Cancer (guide servant à aider le chiropraticien à dépister un cancer de la peau). Un médecin de premier recours la dirigé vers un dermatologue; lexamen de la biopsie a révélé un mélanome. Un rendez-vous en chirurgie a été pris. La lésion et une marge ...
h2,Quels sont les autres renseignements importants à savoir?,/h2,,ul,,li,Respectez tous les rendez-vous à la clinique ou au bureau du médecin pour que celui-ci puisse vérifier la réaction de votre enfant à la pyrazinamide. Il se peut que votre enfant doive passer des analyses sanguines régulières alors quil prend de la pyrazinamide. ,/li,,li,Il se peut que la pyrazinamide rende votre enfant plus sensible aux coups de soleil. Assurez-vous que des vêtements et un chapeau le couvrent suffisamment lorsquil est dehors. Il peut se couvrir également décran solaire à indice FPS élevé (une crème qui protège la peau du soleil). Recherchez un écran solaire qui indique une protection contre les rayons ultraviolets appelés rayons UVA et UVB. Lécran solaire peut contenir un facteur de protection contre le soleil, appelé FPS, dau moins 15. Demandez à votre pharmacien de vous aider à choisir le bon écran solaire. ,/li,,li,Si votre enfant prend ce médicament contre la tuberculose, il ...
BACKGROUND: The cystic duct has been included in the staging classification scheme for gallbladder cancer since the 2010 publication of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual (7th edition). To our knowledge, only seven other cases of adenocarcinoma arising in the remnant cystic duct following cholecystectomy have been reported in the English-language literature, and none has been reported as primary early-stage T1b remnant cystic duct cancer (CDC). We report, herein, a case of primary adenocarcinoma arising in the remnant cystic duct in a patient with history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstone disease. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old female presented with abdominal pain. Her medical history included a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystolithiasis two years prior. Jaundice was observed; imaging studies suggested that this was caused by choledocholithiasis. Blood chemistry findings showed severe liver dysfunction. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography revealed haemobilia from the ...
Zhen-Ling Ji, MD, PhD. Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University School of Medicine. Introduction: Cholecystectomy is the main treatment method but is associated with various complications in some patients. This study explores a novel, endo-lap surgery for the removal of calculi and polyps to preserve the gallbladder using a laparoscope combined with choledochoscope.. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted between January 2010 and December 2014 in 65 patients with cholecystolithiasis and 29 with polyps who underwent the endo-lap invasive surgery for calculi /polyp removal and gallbladder preservation.. Results: In 94 cases of gallbladder preservation, the gallbladder was preserved perfectly with no complications. The other 4 cases were switched to laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of tiny stones blocking the cystic duct or submucosal stones. The success rate was 93.8%. Follow-up included both clinical assessment and ultrasound examination every 6 months after the operation. The patients ...
Several weeks ago, before the onset of social distancing, students in my graduate seminar on Queer Feminist Cinema watched Chantal Akermans Les Rendez-vous dAnna (France/Belgium/Germany, 1978). The film begins in the German city of Essen, where Anna Silver (Aurore Clément)-a young filmmaker-arrives to introduce her work at a small movie theatre. But, the reason for Annas trip to Germany is merely incidental or autobiographical; we dont attend the screenings and we hear no details about her work. Les Rendez-vous dAnna, instead, shows us Annas artists tour as a series of connections (and misconnections) with strangers, family, and lovers in Germany, Belgium, and France. These others all want Anna to take on their disappointments and to somehow patch them, cure their malaise. The first encounter, Heinrich (Helmut Griem), whose father died at Stalingrad and whose wife left him for a Turk, serves as a portrait of deflated, post-war Germany. In fact, the film functions as a tour of ...
On Nady Larchet and Stéphanie Nuckle. Engendering bio-graphisms, or: know/witnessing ones own (hi)story to create other ones.. //////////////////////////////////////////////////. Renata Azevedo Moreira is a writer, researcher and curator. She is a PhD candidate in Communication Studies at Université de Montréal with a co-direction in Art History at UQAM. Her research focuses on the exhibition of media arts, in particular on the dialogue established between the curatorial gesture and the processual creation of the artwork. Renata is the Communications and Parallel Programming coordinator at the gallery Arts Visuels Émergents, having also produced essays and analytical texts for exhibitions at Skol Centre and Studio XX, where she is respectively a member of the board of directors and of the programming committee. Renata regularly publishes exhibition reviews in her column Lart au rendez-vous on Baronmag, and her texts can additionally be found in journals such as Esse arts +opinions, ...
Hello ! Bienvenue sur mon blog ! Je suis Pauline, 30 ans, accro à la mode depuis toujours, blogueuse depuis 2009 et new-yorkaise dadoption depuis février 2013. Vous trouverez ici mes tenues du jour, mes voyages et des petits bouts de ma vie. Pour le reste, rendez-vous sur facebook, twitter et surtout instagram pour des petits instantanés de mes aventures de modeuse ! Bonne visite… et noubliez pas de me laisser un petit commentaire ...
Last updated: September 11, 2020. Chers clients,. Nous sommes tous conscients de la situation que nous avons vécue dans les derniers mois avec larrivée du Covid -19. Due aux défis causés par ces circonstances, nous avons décidé de fermer temporairement lHôpital Vétérinaire Acadia. A partir de lundi le 14 septembre, 2020, notre équipe sera consolidé avec celle de lHôpital Moncton Animal Hospital.. Dans les jours à suivre nous communiquerons avec nos clients qui ont des rendez-vous & chirurgies prévues afin de les re-planifier à lHôpital Moncton Animal Hospital avec Dr. Boutet.. Nous vous remercions à lavance pour votre patience et votre collaboration pendant cette période hors de lordinaire. Nous souhaitons que vous, votre famille et vos animaux soyez sains et saufs.. Sincèrement. Votre équipe de lhôpital vétérinaire Acadia. ________________________________. To our valued Acadia Veterinary Hospital clients:. We are all aware of the rapidly changing situation we have ...
acyclovir 400 mg tablets color Rather than questioning the contradictory details of the rape or the. please seroquel prolong 300 mg beipackzettel However,.Panic! Cinéma en 2 mots. Il sagit dun rendez-vous hebdomadaire, tous les samedis à 22H00, consacré au cinéma de genre où sont projetés une sélection de.. warum wurde das medikament zyprexa vom markt gezogen risperdal beipackzettel pdf schwanger mit dostinex. trotz plavix aciclovir tabletten absetzen.seroquel générique date de 2012 prolonger 600 mg beipackzettel; paroxetine prendre le matin ou le soir hcl 30 mg tablette.tamsulosin basics 0 4 mg beipackzettel Look, Tennessee is just as bad (or worse) on defense, but Driskel struggled again before he was injured ...
Chicago. Alors quils viennent de commettre un braquage chez le criminel Jamal Mannings en lui volant deux millions de dollars, le voleur de renom Henry Rawlins et son équipe sont tués dans une explosion lors dune confrontation avec la police. La veuve de Rawlins, Veronica, reçoit la visite menaçante de Jamal, qui convoite le poste de conseiller municipal du South Side où il a comme adversaire Jack Mulligan, issu dune famille de conseillers municipaux. Ayant besoin des deux millions pour financer sa campagne, Jamal contraint Veronica de réunir la somme en un mois. Un jour, elle découvre le carnet dHenry contenant un plan détaillé dun braquage pour un butin de cinq millions de dollars. Afin de mener à bien le plan pour rembourser de la dette, Veronica prend contact avec Alice, Linda et Amanda, les trois veuves des complices de son défunt mari pour lassister. Seuls Alice et Linda viennent au lieu de rendez-vous. Alors quelle est chez Amanda pour lui parler, Veronica découvre le ...
Curtin University researchers have an innovative study that they say has offered important insights into the treatment of gallstone disease.
If your doctor suspects you have gallstones, you may have blood work done, as well as an imaging test such as an ultrasound, MRI, or CT scan.
As a result of a careful and skillful Research and Development activity, Marzia Clinic presents the DermoBio Molecolare® cosmesis, an innovative line...
of bile duct injuries (BDI) was 0.3%, in which symptomatic cholecystolithiasis account for 0.1%, acute cholecystitis 0.36% and acute chronic cholecystitis with gallbladder atrophy up to 3% [7]. Wu Xihong reported that 936 cases of MC were performed from January 1998 to November 2000, and the incidence rate of BDI was 0.84% (8/936) [8].. Before LC became common treatment of gall bladder diseases, the number of open cholecystectomy (OC) cases in the US exceeded 700 000 per year and among them the incidence of BDI was 0.2%. [9] Compared to the conventional open cholecystectomy, the incidence of BDI after LC and MC is at least doubled. Many injuries are due, rather, to the surgeons failure to respect basic technical rules, long established for open cholecystectomy and which should not be modified for the laparoscopic technique.. The increase in frequency of IBDI can not be attributed simply to the inexperience of the surgeons or the learning curve as was initially considered. In the presence of ...
At Zurich fragmentation of gallstones is a joint venture between the Visceral Surgery Clinic, the Medical Clinic, Medical Policlinic, Radiodiagnostic Central Institute and Urologic Clinic. Lithotripsy is performed by a team from the Visceral Surgery Clinic with apparatus placed at their disposal by the Urologic Clinic. Indications for lithotripsy include symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, functioning gallbladder, and up to 3 gallstones of at least 10 mm and at most 30 mm diameter. Bile duct stones, acute cholecystitis, coagulopathy, pregnancy, aortic aneurysm and pacemakers are exclusion criteria. Patients spend two days in hospital, lithotripsy is performed without anesthesia, and outpatient follow-up is performed 1, 3, 6 and 12 months afterwards. Our experiences show that lithotripsy is more difficult and more treatments are needed if multiple gallstones are present. We had to perform cholecystectomy in 6 of a total 48 patients, mainly because of therapy resistant biliary pain due to stone fragments.
Hepatic clonorchiasis is one of the most prevalent food-borne parasitic diseases worldwide. Clonorchis sinensis, the pathogen, is the major parasitic trigger contributing to cholangitis, cholelithiasis, and even cholangiocarcinoma. Unfortunately, unspecific clinical manifestations of patients with hepatic clonorchiasis tend to mislead clinicians to neglect or misdiagnose them, following ignorance of appropriate therapy. Our case report may shed light on definite diagnosis of clonorchiasis with concomitant cholelithiasis, methodology for surgical drainage of the parasites, and postoperative anthelmintic therapy. Two patients with habit of eating infected raw or undercooked freshwater fish were hospitalized due to right upper quadrant pain and jaundice. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)/computed tomography (CT) detection indicated cholangiolithiasis and cholangiolithiasis with concurrent cholecystolithiasis, respectively. Fecal examinations were both negative for adult worms or eggs of
Pancreatitis is a disease that causes inflammation and pain in your pancreas, the small organ that produces fluids and enzymes to break down food. This is part of the digestive process. When a gallstone blocking your pancreatic duct causes pancreatitis, its known as gallstone pancreatitis.
Gallstone disease is prevalent worldwide and its incidence and risk factors varies by region and race. A research group in China investigated the incidence and risk factors of gallstone disease changes between men and women in Chinese people. It is that old age and female sex are susceptible to gallstone disease and high level of fasting plasma glucose in men and hypertriglyceridemia or obesity in women are susceptible to gallstone disease.
Get Best Gallbladder Stone Surgery in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, Indore by Dr. Chirag Thakkar at Adroit Centre for Digestive and Obesity Surgery in Ahmedabad, India.
Laparoendoscopic Single Site (or LESS) Surgery is a novel surgical approach allowing for removal of diseased organs through a small, single skin incision. This is in sharp contrast to more invasive surgical treatments such as traditional open surgery or multi-incision laparoscopic surgery (Figure 1). Often this single incision can be hidden within the belly button,…
Source: Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - February 27, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Mingzhe Cai Nicholas L.X. Syn Ye-Xin Koh Jin-Yao Teo Ser-Yee Lee Peng-Chung Cheow Pierce K.H. Chow Alexander Y.F. Chung Chung-Yip Chan Brian K.P. Goh Source Type: research. ...
Pristyn Care provides advanced Gallstone/Gallblader treatment in Chennai. ✅Completely Painless ✅Experienced Doctors ✅No Cuts ✌️30K Happy Patients
To help you easily understand gallstones symptoms and causes we have outlined 6 easy tips for you below. Gallstones are small, hard, crystalline masses that form in the gallbladder, causing pain and blockage. While gallstones sometimes have no symptoms at all, some people experience a lot of discomfort. People who suffer from gallstones dont always… Read more Gallstones Symptoms and Causes - 6 Easy Tips ...
The majority of people with gallstones are unaware of their gallstones. Gallstones which do not cause anv problem are termed as silent stones. These gallstones are often discovered accidentally as a result of tests(e.g. ultrasound or X-rav examination of the abdomen) performed while evaluating medical conditions other than gallstones. Silent gallstones may be small enough to pass through the ducts and out of the body. Silent stones may also be quite large, and remain in the gall bladder.... ...
Gallstones can be incredibly painful for sufferers who can find the condition severely debilitating. Relief from Gallstones. Serrapeptase.info - Gallstones
Symptoms of gallstones include pain and pressure in the upper-right area of the stomach, according to WebMD. However, approximately 80 percent of people with gallstones do not experience any...
There is no sure way to prevent gallstones, but there are things you can do to reduce your risk. Get tips on gallstone prevention.
Priyanka Gandhi Vadra - daughter of UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi was discharged from a hospital after she successfully underwent gallstone surgery, say sources.
Learn more about Diagnosis of Gallstones at Grand Strand Medical Center Main Page Risk Factors Symptoms ...
Gallstones yarn for a essential allotment of healthcare spending in the western world, as the most accepted abdominal reason for admission to hospitals.
Learn more about Gallstones at Grand Strand Medical Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ....
... disease, cholelith, cholecystolithiasis (gallstones in the gallbladder), choledocholithiasis (gallstones in the ...
2004). "Ascending colon cancer with hepatic metastasis and cholecystolithiasis in a patient with situs inversus totalis without ...
Prevention includes the use of breast milk and probiotics.[2] A 2012 policy by the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended feeding preterm infants human milk, finding "significant short- and long-term beneficial effects," including reducing the rate of NEC by a factor of two or more.[10] Small amounts of oral feeds of human milk starting as soon as possible, while the infant is being primarily fed intravenously, primes the immature gut to mature and become ready to receive greater intake by mouth.[11] Human milk from a milk bank or donor can be used if mother's milk is unavailable. The gut mucosal cells do not get enough nourishment from arterial blood supply to stay healthy, especially in very premature infants, where the blood supply is limited due to immature development of the capillaries, so nutrients from the lumen of the gut are needed. A Cochrane review in 2014 found that supplementation of probiotics enterally "prevents severe NEC as well as all-cause mortality in preterm ...
A Spigelian hernia (or lateral ventral hernia) is a hernia through the Spigelian fascia, which is the aponeurotic layer between the rectus abdominis muscle medially, and the semilunar line laterally. These are generally interparietal hernias, meaning that they do not lie below the subcutaneous fat but penetrate between the muscles of the abdominal wall; therefore, there is often no notable swelling. Spigelian hernias are usually small and therefore risk of strangulation is high. Most occur on the right side. (4th-7th decade of life.) Compared to other types of hernias they are rare.[1] ...
Ipecac or ipecacuanha consists of the dried rhizome and roots of Cephaelis ipecacuanha. The medical virtues of ipecac are almost entirely due to the action of its alkaloids-emetine and cephaline. Till today, emetine remains one of the best drugs for treating amoebic liver abscess. It has a direct action on the trophozoites. Its greater concentration and duration of action in the liver as compared to that in the intestinal wall explains its high efficacy in amoebic liver abscess and also its low parasitic cure rate for intestinal amoebiasis. The drug is detoxicated and eliminated slowly. It may, therefore, produce cumulative effects. In man, emetine poisoning is characterized by muscular tremors, weakness and pain in the extremities which tend to persist until drug administration is stopped. Gastro-intestinal symptoms include nausea, vomiting and bloody diarrhoea. The latter may be mistaken for a recurrence of amoebic dysentery. Many clinicians fear the occurrence of cardiac toxicity due to this ...
In the great majority of cases, sufferers experience no life-altering discomfort, and no treatment is required. If there is pain or discomfort, 3 or 4 sips of room temperature water will usually relieve the pain. Symptomatic patients should elevate the head of their beds and avoid lying down directly after meals[citation needed]. If the condition has been brought on by stress, stress reduction techniques may be prescribed, or if overweight, weight loss may be indicated. Antisecretory drugs like proton pump inhibitors and H2 receptor blockers can be used to reduce acid secretion. Medications that reduce the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure should be avoided. However, in some unusual instances, as when the hiatal hernia is unusually large, or is of the paraesophageal type, it may cause esophageal stricture or severe discomfort. About 5% of hiatal hernias are paraesophageal. If symptoms from such a hernia are severe for example if chronic acid reflux threatens to severely injure the ...
... (TD) is a stomach and intestinal infection. TD is defined as the passage of unformed stool (one or more by some definitions, three or more by others) while traveling.[2][3] It may be accompanied by abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, and bloating.[3] Occasionally bloody diarrhea may occur.[5] Most travelers recover within four days with little or no treatment.[3] About 10% of people may have symptoms for a week.[3] Bacteria are responsible for more than half of cases.[3] The bacteria enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are typically the most common except in Southeast Asia, where Campylobacter is more prominent.[2][3] About 10% to 20% of cases are due to norovirus.[3] Protozoa such as Giardia may cause longer term disease.[3] The risk is greatest in the first two weeks of travel and among young adults.[2] People affected are more often from the developed world.[2] Recommendations for prevention include eating only properly cleaned and cooked food, drinking bottled water, and ...
An esophageal motility disorder (EMD) is any medical disorder causing difficulty in swallowing, regurgitation of food and a spasm-type pain which can be brought on by an allergic reaction to certain foods. The most prominent one is dysphagia. It is a part of CREST syndrome, referring to the five main features: calcinosis, Raynaud syndrome, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia.[1] ...
There are various explanations why liver dysfunction or portosystemic shunting might lead to encephalopathy. In healthy subjects, nitrogen-containing compounds from the intestine, generated by gut bacteria from food, are transported by the portal vein to the liver, where 80-90% are metabolised through the urea cycle and/or excreted immediately. This process is impaired in all subtypes of hepatic encephalopathy, either because the hepatocytes (liver cells) are incapable of metabolising the waste products or because portal venous blood bypasses the liver through collateral circulation or a medically constructed shunt. Nitrogenous waste products accumulate in the systemic circulation (hence the older term "portosystemic encephalopathy"). The most important waste product is ammonia (NH3). This small molecule crosses the blood-brain barrier and is absorbed and metabolised by the astrocytes, a population of cells in the brain that constitutes 30% of the cerebral cortex. Astrocytes use ammonia when ...
Many people with Barrett's esophagus do not have dysplasia. Medical societies recommend that if a patient has Barrett's esophagus, and if the past two endoscopy and biopsy examinations have confirmed the absence of dysplasia, then the patient should not have another endoscopy within three years.[24][25][26] Endoscopic surveillance of people with Barrett's esophagus is often recommended, although little direct evidence supports this practice.[1] Treatment options for high-grade dysplasia include surgical removal of the esophagus (esophagectomy) or endoscopic treatments such as endoscopic mucosal resection or ablation (destruction).[1] The risk of malignancy is highest in the U.S. in Caucasian men over fifty years of age with more than five years of symptoms. Current recommendations include routine endoscopy and biopsy (looking for dysplastic changes). Although in the past physicians have taken a watchful waiting approach, newly published research supports consideration of intervention for ...
... is the condition of having multiple pouches (diverticula) in the colon that are not inflamed. These are outpockets of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through weaknesses of muscle layers in the colon wall.[1] They typically cause no symptoms.[2] Diverticular disease occurs when diverticula become inflamed, known as diverticulitis, or bleed.[3] They typically occur in the sigmoid colon, which is a common place for increased pressure. The left side of the colon is more commonly affected in the United States while the right side is more commonly affected in Asia.[4] Diagnosis is often during routine colonoscopy or as an incidental finding during CT scan.[2] It is common in Western countries with about half of those over the age of 60 in Canada and the United States affected.[4] Diverticula are uncommon before the age of 40, and increase in incidence beyond that age.[5] Rates are lower in Africa which has been attributed to a shorter life expectancy and poor healthcare ...
Polyps on the vocal folds can take on many different forms, and can sometimes result from vocal abuse, although this is not always the cause. They can occur on one or both vocal folds, and appear as swelling, a bump (similar to a nodule), a stalk-like growth, or a blister-like lesion. Most polyps are larger than nodules, which are more similar to callouses on the vocal folds. Polyps and nodules can exhibit similar symptoms including hoarseness or breathiness, "rough" or "scratchy" voice, harshness in vocal quality, shooting pain from ear to ear, sensation of having "a lump in the back of the throat", neck pain, decreased pitch range in the voice, and vocal and bodily fatigue. If an individual experiences symptoms for more than 2 to 3 weeks, they should see a physician. For a diagnosis, a thorough evaluation of the voice should include a physical examination, preferably by an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat doctor) who specializes in voice, a voice evaluation with a speech-language ...
In the management of small bowel obstructions, a commonly quoted surgical aphorism is: "never let the sun rise or set on small-bowel obstruction"[20] because about 5.5%[20] of small bowel obstructions are ultimately fatal if treatment is delayed. Improvements in radiological imaging of small bowel obstructions allow for confident distinction between simple obstructions, that can be treated conservatively, and obstructions that are surgical emergencies (volvulus, closed-loop obstructions, ischemic bowel, incarcerated hernias, etc.).[2] A small flexible tube (nasogastric tube) may be inserted through the nose into the stomach to help decompress the dilated bowel. This tube is uncomfortable but relieves the abdominal cramps, distention, and vomiting. Intravenous therapy is utilized and the urine output is monitored with a catheter in the bladder.[21] Most people with SBO are initially managed conservatively because in many cases, the bowel will open up. Some adhesions loosen up and the obstruction ...
Madisch A, Miehlke S, Eichele O, Mrwa J, Bethke B, Kuhlisch E, Bästlein E, Wilhelms G, Morgner A, Wigginghaus B, Stolte M (Dec 2007). "Boswellia serrata extract for the treatment of collagenous colitis. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial". International Journal of Colorectal Disease. 22 (12): 1445-51. doi:10.1007/s00384-007-0364-1. PMID 17764013 ...
Anal abscesses are rarely treated with a simple course of antibiotics. In almost all cases surgery will need to take place to remove the abscess. Treatment is possible in an emergency department under local anesthesia, but it is highly preferred to be formally admitted to a hospital and to have the surgery performed in an operating room under general anesthesia. Generally speaking, a fairly small but deep incision is performed close to the root of the abscess. The surgeon will allow the abscess to drain its exudate and attempt to discover any other related lesions in the area. This is one of the most basic types of surgery, and is usually performed in less than thirty minutes by the anal surgical team. Generally, a portion of the exudate is sent for microbiological analysis to determine the type of infecting bacteria. The incision is not closed (stitched), as the damaged tissues must heal from the inside toward the skin over a period of time. The affected individual is often sent home within ...
... is a medical condition in which injury to the small intestine occurs due to not enough blood supply.[2] It can come on suddenly, known as acute mesenteric ischemia, or gradually, known as chronic mesenteric ischemia.[1] The acute form of the disease often presents with sudden severe abdominal pain and is associated with a high risk of death.[1] The chronic form typically presents more gradually with abdominal pain after eating, unintentional weight loss, vomiting, and fear of eating.[1][2] Risk factors for acute mesenteric ischemia include atrial fibrillation, heart failure, chronic kidney failure, being prone to forming blood clots, and previous myocardial infarction.[2] There are four mechanisms by which poor blood flow occurs: a blood clot from elsewhere getting lodged in an artery, a new blood clot forming in an artery, a blood clot forming in the superior mesenteric vein, and insufficient blood flow due to low blood pressure or spasms of arteries.[3][6] Chronic disease ...
... , also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.[8] Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.[1] Fever, lack of energy, and dehydration may also occur.[2][3] This typically lasts less than two weeks.[8] It is not related to influenza though it has been called the "stomach flu".[9] Gastroenteritis is usually caused by viruses.[4] However, bacteria, parasites, and fungus can also cause gastroenteritis.[2][4] In children, rotavirus is the most common cause of severe disease.[10] In adults, norovirus and Campylobacter are common causes.[11][12] Eating improperly prepared food, drinking contaminated water, or close contact with a person who is infected can spread the disease.[2] Treatment is generally the same with or without a definitive diagnosis, so testing to confirm is usually not needed.[2] Prevention includes hand washing with soap, drinking clean water, proper disposal of human waste, and ...
Gallstones/Cholecystolithiasis. *Cholesterolosis. *Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses. *Postcholecystectomy syndrome. *Porcelain ...
Gallstones/Cholecystolithiasis. *Cholesterolosis. *Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses. *Postcholecystectomy syndrome. *Porcelain ...
Gallstones/Cholecystolithiasis. *Cholesterolosis. *Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses. *Postcholecystectomy syndrome. *Porcelain ...
Cholecystitis · Gallstones/Cholecystolithiasis · Cholesterolosis · Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses · Postcholecystectomy syndrome · ...
... was to compare the quality of life of patients with cardiovascular diseases after surgical treatment of cholecystolithiasis by ... entitled SATISFACTION AND GENERAL CONDITION AFTER TREATMENT OF CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS, in combination with the SF-36 questionnaire ... 111 patients burdened with cardiovascular diseases who underwent surgical treatment for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, at the ... quality of life cholecystolithiasis laparoscopic cholecystectomy open cholecystectomy cardiac disease quality of life ...
Cholecystolithiasis is a common digestive system disease worldwide, and the prevalence is estimated to be 10-20% [1]. ... The treatment of cholecystolithiasis ranges from conservative treatment to resection surgery [15-18]. Operative treatment still ... The strength of this study was the mostly complete analysis of patients for recurrence of cholecystolithiasis after ... The diagnostic criteria for cholecystolithiasis are based on color Doppler ultrasound. Gallstones appear as mobile hyperechoic ...
Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ...
Cholecystolithiasis , Cholelithiasis , Appendicitis , Minimally Invasive Surgery: Using Natural Orfices ...
A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the gastroenterology department with colicky pain in the upper abdomen. Four years earlier, she had undergone a laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of cholecystitis. She recognised her current complaints from that previous episode. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a cavity with a diameter of 2 cm which contained multiple concrements near the liver hilus. An elective surgical exploration was performed. Near the clip of the previous cholecystectomy a bulging of the biliary tract with its own duct was visualised and resected. Histological examination of this "neo" gallbladder showed that the bulging was consistent with the formation of a reservoir secondary to bile leakage, probably caused by a small peroperative lesion of the common bile duct during the previous cholecystectomy. ...
Methods: The clinical data of 263 cases of cholecystolithiasis patients associated with liver cirrhosis admitted to our ... 0.05). Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and feasible in the treatment of cholecystolithiasis associated with ... Objective: To study the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on cholecystolithiasis patients complicated with ... Home » Clinical effects of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on cholecystolithiasis patients complicated with liver cirrhosis ...
... function and Helicobacter pylori infection to gastric mucosa inflammation in patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. In ...
Cholecystolithiasis. Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones.. Review Date: 9/28/2017. ...
Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy for patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis Edited (no change to conclusions) ... TY - ELEC T1 - Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy for patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis Edited (no change to ... Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy for patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis Edited (no change to conclusions) is ... Small‐incision versus open cholecystectomy for patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis Edited (no change to conclusions) ...
a (Biliary Colic; Calculus of Gallbladder; Cholangitis; Cholelithiasis; Cholecystitis; Cholecystolithiasis; Choledocholithiasis ...
Cholecystectomy , Cholecystolithiasis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Cholecystostomy , Computer Simulation , Computer ... Virtual surgery of cholecystotomy for calculus removal and cholecystectomy in patients with cholecystolithiasis / 南方医科大学学报 ... biliary track and cholecystolithiasis obtained by 64-slice spiral CT.,/p,,p,,b,METHODS,/b,The image data of the liver, biliary ... The algorithm we proposed can correctly and rapidly complete image segmentation and 3D reconstruction of cholecystolithiasis ...
Impact of obesity and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on comorbidities with special emphasis on cholecystolithiasis and related lipid ...
Cholecystolithiasis - illustration Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ... Cholecystolithiasis - illustration Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ...
Cholecystolithiasis. Gallstones. Biliary Tract Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Gallbladder Diseases. Calculi. Pathological ...
The investigators included patients 15 - 85 years old, any sex. Diagnosis of mild acute pancreatitis according to the Ranson, APACHE II and BISAP.. Signed infromed consent to participate in the study. All participants had a hepatic and biliary ultrasound to determine the biliary etiology.. The investigators excluded patients with pancreatitis of nonbiliary etiology, pregnant, severe pancreatitis, cholangitis or choledocholithiasis demonstrated during the hospital stay or with other comorbidities. ...
Cholecystolithiasis. Biliary Tract Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Gallbladder Diseases. Calculi. Pathological Conditions ...
Cholecystolithiasis. Gallstones. Pancreatic Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Biliary Tract Diseases. Gallbladder Diseases. ...
Prevalence of dyspepsia in patients with cholecystolithiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Latenstein, Carmen S.S.; ...
... have been the two main successful mini-invasive surgical interventions for the treatment of cholecystolithiasis since the ... Minilaparoscopic versus single incision cholecystectomy for the treatment of cholecystolithiasis: a meta-analysis and ...
Diseases associated with ELOVL6 include Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis and Cholecystolithiasis. Among its related pathways are ...
Cholecystolithiasis. 47 (17.0). 42 (7.6). 2.34 (1.52-3.61). , 0.001. 1.74 (1.04-2.90). 0.035. ... Cholecystolithiasis. 33 (17.1). 28 (7.3). 2.49 (1.48-4.20). 0.001. 2.01 (1.12-3.58). 0.019. ... Cholecystolithiasis. 14 (16.9). 14 (8.4). 2.06 (0.96-4.41). 0.062. 1.04 (0.33-3.29). 0.941. ... The presence of cystic duct stone was classified as cholecystolithiasis.. Diabetes was diagnosed according to the World Health ...
Complete information for CTGF gene (Protein Coding), Connective Tissue Growth Factor, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Cholecystolithiasis/surgery. Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods. Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods. [Mh] MeSH terms secundary ... Cholecystolithiasis/diagnosis. Diagnostic Errors. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. [Pt] Publication type:. CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ... Cholecystolithiasis/surgery. Gallstones/surgery. Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic. [Mh] MeSH terms secundary:. Cholecystectomy, ... Cholecystolithiasis/complications. Gallstones/complications. Humans. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Sphincterotomy, ...
cholecystolithiasis (gallstones). sore or lesion of the mucous membrane in the stomach or duodenum. peptic ulcer (peptic = ...
Evaluation of arrangement pattern of the pancreatic duct and the common bile duct in the pancreaticobiliary maljunction (1996 ...
Cholecystolithiasis - illustration Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ... Cholecystolithiasis - illustration Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ...
Cholecystolithiasis - illustration Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ... Cholecystolithiasis - illustration Cholecystolithiasis. CT scan of the upper abdomen showing multiple gallstones. ...
Tumor of fat (benign) cholecystolithiasis. protease. Enzyme that digests protein. sialolith. salivary (gland) stone. ...
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the main treatment method for cholecystolithiasis, and this procedure has been regarded as the 'gold standard' approach for several years. (termedia.pl)
  • was to compare the quality of life of patients with cardiovascular diseases after surgical treatment of cholecystolithiasis by means of laparoscopy as compared to open surgery. (infona.pl)
  • The study group comprised 111 patients burdened with cardiovascular diseases who underwent surgical treatment for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, at the Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Międzyleski Specialistic Hospital in Warsaw, during the period between 2002 and 2005. (infona.pl)
  • The study was interpreted by means of a questionnaire form created by the authors, entitled SATISFACTION AND GENERAL CONDITION AFTER TREATMENT OF CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS, in combination with the SF-36 questionnaire. (infona.pl)
  • Laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy for patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis Edited (no change to conclusions) is a topic covered in the Cochrane Abstracts . (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The study group comprised 111 patients burdened with cardiovascular diseases who underwent surgical treatment for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, at the Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Międzyleski Specialistic Hospital in Warsaw, during the period between 2002 and 2005. (infona.pl)
  • Gallstone disease: surgical aspects of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis and acute cholecystitis. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • We report herein a case of multicentric splenic hemangioendothelioma presenting together with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, mild anemia and indirect hyperbilirubinemia, which were recovered after cholecystectomy and splenectomy. (turkjcancer.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare safety and costs of robotic-assisted and laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. (uzh.ch)
  • The study group consisted of 900 patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis which was divided into two subgroups. (researchsquare.com)
  • Inclusion criterion for the study was the symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. (researchsquare.com)
  • Objective: To study the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on cholecystolithiasis patients complicated with liver cirrhosis. (ebscohost.com)
  • Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and feasible in the treatment of cholecystolithiasis associated with liver cirrhosis (Child's class A and B liver function), showing distinct advantages. (ebscohost.com)
  • To study the two-dimensional (2D) image segmentation, three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and virtual surgery of cholecystectomy based on the 2D image data of the liver, biliary track and cholecystolithiasis obtained by 64-slice spiral CT. (bvsalud.org)
  • The patient was a 76-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis. (bireme.br)
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the main treatment method for cholecystolithiasis, and this procedure has been regarded as the 'gold standard' approach for several years. (termedia.pl)
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered as the gold standard treatment for cholecystolithiasis. (researchsquare.com)
  • In follow up studies after EST, 3-21% of patients developed recurrent CBD stones and up to 21% of patients with gall bladder in situ required subsequent cholecystectomy due to cholecystitis, particularly those patients with preexisting cholecystolithiasis or cystic duct obstruction. (bmj.com)
  • The algorithm we proposed can correctly and rapidly complete image segmentation and 3D reconstruction of cholecystolithiasis from the data 64-slice spiral CT, and allows virtual operations on the gallbladder. (bvsalud.org)
  • Nine untreated patients with cholesterol cholecystolithiasis and functioning gallbladder served as controls. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • However, it is still unclear which possible factors could be used to predict the recurrence of cholecystolithiasis after choledochoscopic gallbladder-preserving surgery. (termedia.pl)
  • Although uncommon, carcinoma of the gallbladder (GB) is the most common primary hepatobiliary carcinoma, is the fifth most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and predominantly affects older persons with long-standing cholecystolithiasis. (medscape.com)
  • A new strategy of minimally invasive surgery for cholecystolithiasis: calculi removal and gallbladder preservation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A repeat CT scan of the abdomen showed a hydrops of the gall bladder with cholecystolithiasis, without signs of cholecystitis, but with the unexpected presence of an infrarenal aortitis. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • The clinical data of 106 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis treated by laparoscopy at Department of General Surgery, Danyang People's Hospital from May 2014 to June 2017 were analyzed prospectively. (bireme.br)
  • Percutaneous ultrasonography of the abdomen usually reveals dilated biliary tree and detects the presence of cholecystolithiasis but it can only detect about 35% of the choledocholithiasis. (nih.gov)
  • was to compare the quality of life of patients with cardiovascular diseases after surgical treatment of cholecystolithiasis by means of laparoscopy as compared to open surgery. (infona.pl)
  • Methods: The clinical data of 263 cases of cholecystolithiasis patients associated with liver cirrhosis admitted to our hospital from January 2009 to June 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. (ebscohost.com)
  • The prevalence and incidence of cholecystolithiasis in patients with chronic liver diseases: a prospective study. (springer.com)
  • 200 patients with cholecystolithiasis were enrolled in this study. (ebscohost.com)
  • In 5 patients undergoing LC for cholecystolithiasis, one milliliter (2.5 mg/mL) of ICG was intravenously injected two hours before surgery. (sages.org)
  • Eleven choledochal cyst patients with or without previous cyst‐enterostomy or biliary tract carcinoma, seven patients with biliary tract carcinoma not associated with choledochal cyst and five patients with cholecystolithiasis were examined. (elsevier.com)
  • This is seen in 5-10% of persons with gallstone disease and may offer some other complications and diseases than gall bladder stones (cholecystolithiasis). (healthanddisease.com)
  • 37 Cholecystolithiasis and Stones in the Common Bile Duct: Which Approach and When? (elsevier.com)
  • they are implicated in the pathogenesis of pigment common bile duct stones, but there is no conclusive evidence that they are associated with cholecystolithiasis or pancreatitis. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Cholecystolithiasis is a common digestive system disease worldwide, and the prevalence is estimated to be 10-20% [ 1 ]. (termedia.pl)
  • Diseases associated with ELOVL6 include Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis and Cholecystolithiasis . (genecards.org)
  • According to our knowledge, this is the second case of multicentric splenic hemangioendothelioma and is the first case presenting together with cholecystolithiasis, anemia and mild indirect hyperbilirubinemia[ 3 ]. (turkjcancer.org)
  • The image data of the liver, biliary track and cholecystolithiasis were obtained by 64-slice spiral CT scanning. (bvsalud.org)