Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance: Non-invasive diagnostic technique for visualizing the PANCREATIC DUCTS and BILE DUCTS without the use of injected CONTRAST MEDIA or x-ray. MRI scans provide excellent sensitivity for duct dilatation, biliary stricture, and intraductal abnormalities.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Choledocholithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the COMMON BILE DUCT.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic: Incision of Oddi's sphincter or Vater's ampulla performed by inserting a sphincterotome through an endoscope (DUODENOSCOPE) often following retrograde cholangiography (CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE). Endoscopic treatment by sphincterotomy is the preferred method of treatment for patients with retained or recurrent bile duct stones post-cholecystectomy, and for poor-surgical-risk patients that have the gallbladder still present.Pancreatitis: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Pancreatic Ducts: Ducts that collect PANCREATIC JUICE from the PANCREAS and supply it to the DUODENUM.Hyperamylasemia: A condition with abnormally elevated level of AMYLASES in the serum. Hyperamylasemia due to PANCREATITIS or other causes may be differentiated by identifying the amylase isoenzymes.Common Bile Duct: The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.Common Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Gallstones: Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.Cholangitis: Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.Pancreatic Diseases: Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases in any part of the ductal system of the BILIARY TRACT from the smallest BILE CANALICULI to the largest COMMON BILE DUCT.Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Jaundice, Obstructive: Jaundice, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic: Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.Biliary Fistula: Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction: Organic or functional motility disorder involving the SPHINCTER OF ODDI and associated with biliary COLIC. Pathological changes are most often seen in the COMMON BILE DUCT sphincter, and less commonly the PANCREATIC DUCT sphincter.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Ampulla of Vater: A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.Cholestasis: Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).Choledochal Cyst: A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct or the large intrahepatic bile duct. Classification is based on the site and type of dilatation. Type I is most common.Cholestasis, Extrahepatic: Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.Sphincter of Oddi: The sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla within the duodenal papilla. The COMMON BILE DUCT and main pancreatic duct pass through this sphincter.Endosonography: Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.Choledochostomy: Surgical formation of an opening (stoma) into the COMMON BILE DUCT for drainage or for direct communication with a site in the small intestine, primarily the DUODENUM or JEJUNUM.Cholelithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine: A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.Gabexate: A serine proteinase inhibitor used therapeutically in the treatment of pancreatitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and as a regional anticoagulant for hemodialysis. The drug inhibits the hydrolytic effects of thrombin, plasmin, and kallikrein, but not of chymotrypsin and aprotinin.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Postcholecystectomy Syndrome: Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Cystic Duct: The duct that is connected to the GALLBLADDER and allows the emptying of bile into the COMMON BILE DUCT.Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal: Instruments for the visual examination of the interior of the gastrointestinal tract.Common Bile Duct Neoplasms: Tumor or cancer of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Double-Balloon Enteroscopy: Endoscopy of the small intestines accomplished while advancing the endoscope into the intestines from the stomach by alternating the inflation of two balloons, one on an innertube of the endoscope and the other on an overtube.Gallbladder Diseases: Diseases of the GALLBLADDER. They generally involve the impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Bile Duct Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the BILE DUCTS.Pancreatitis, Chronic: INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS that is characterized by recurring or persistent ABDOMINAL PAIN with or without STEATORRHEA or DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the irregular destruction of the pancreatic parenchyma which may be focal, segmental, or diffuse.Mirizzi Syndrome: Complication of CHOLELITHIASIS characterized by OBSTRUCTIVE JAUNDICE; abdominal pain, and fever.Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Pancreatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Pancreatic Pseudocyst: Cyst-like space not lined by EPITHELIUM and contained within the PANCREAS. Pancreatic pseudocysts account for most of the cystic collections in the pancreas and are often associated with chronic PANCREATITIS.Amylases: A group of amylolytic enzymes that cleave starch, glycogen, and related alpha-1,4-glucans. (Stedman, 25th ed) EC 3.2.1.-.Jaundice: A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A diagnostic technique that incorporates the measurement of molecular diffusion (such as water or metabolites) for tissue assessment by MRI. The degree of molecular movement can be measured by changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with time, as reflected by tissue microstructure. Diffusion MRI has been used to study BRAIN ISCHEMIA and tumor response to treatment.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y: A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.Lithiasis: A condition characterized by the formation of CALCULI and concretions in the hollow organs or ducts of the body. They occur most often in the gallbladder, kidney, and lower urinary tract.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures: Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.Gadolinium DTPA: A complex of gadolinium with a chelating agent, diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA see PENTETIC ACID), that is given to enhance the image in cranial and spinal MRIs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)Gallbladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the gallbladder.Biliary Tract Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Endoscopy, Digestive System: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the digestive tract.Adenomyoma: A benign neoplasm of muscle (usually smooth muscle) with glandular elements. It occurs most frequently in the uterus and uterine ligaments. (Stedman, 25th ed)Duodenal Diseases: Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Cholangiocarcinoma: A malignant tumor arising from the epithelium of the BILE DUCTS.Technetium Tc 99m Lidofenin: A nontoxic radiopharmaceutical that is used in RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING for the clinical evaluation of hepatobiliary disorders in humans.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular: NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.Calculi: An abnormal concretion occurring mostly in the urinary and biliary tracts, usually composed of mineral salts. Also called stones.Gadolinium: Gadolinium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25. Its oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors.Biliary Dyskinesia: A motility disorder characterized by biliary COLIC, absence of GALLSTONES, and an abnormal GALLBLADDER ejection fraction. It is caused by gallbladder dyskinesia and/or SPHINCTER OF ODDI DYSFUNCTION.Breath Holding: An involuntary or voluntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness.Endoscopes: Instruments for the visual examination of interior structures of the body. There are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing in ENDOSCOPY.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Duodenoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the duodenum.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Digestive System Diseases: Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Insufflation: The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.Pancreatic Fistula: Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.Deep Sedation: Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Surface Plasmon Resonance: A biosensing technique in which biomolecules capable of binding to specific analytes or ligands are first immobilized on one side of a metallic film. Light is then focused on the opposite side of the film to excite the surface plasmons, that is, the oscillations of free electrons propagating along the film's surface. The refractive index of light reflecting off this surface is measured. When the immobilized biomolecules are bound by their ligands, an alteration in surface plasmons on the opposite side of the film is created which is directly proportional to the change in bound, or adsorbed, mass. Binding is measured by changes in the refractive index. The technique is used to study biomolecular interactions, such as antigen-antibody binding.Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous: Neoplasms containing cyst-like formations or producing mucin or serum.Butylscopolammonium Bromide: Antimuscarinic quaternary ammonium derivative of scopolamine used to treat cramps in gastrointestinal, urinary, uterine, and biliary tracts, and to facilitate radiologic visualization of the gastrointestinal tract.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Cholangitis, Sclerosing: Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.Pancreatic Function Tests: Tests based on the biochemistry and physiology of the exocrine pancreas and involving analysis of blood, duodenal contents, feces, or urine for products of pancreatic secretion.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Adenocarcinoma, Papillary: An adenocarcinoma containing finger-like processes of vascular connective tissue covered by neoplastic epithelium, projecting into cysts or the cavity of glands or follicles. It occurs most frequently in the ovary and thyroid gland. (Stedman, 25th ed)Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Cholecystolithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the GALLBLADDER.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.Colic: A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.Pancreaticoduodenectomy: The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.Cystadenoma, Papillary: A benign neoplasm of the ovary.Dilatation, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.Cholecystitis, Acute: Acute inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall. It is characterized by the presence of ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and LEUKOCYTOSIS. Gallstone obstruction of the CYSTIC DUCT is present in approximately 90% of the cases.Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional: Minimally invasive procedures guided with the aid of magnetic resonance imaging to visualize tissue structures.Hemobilia: Hemorrhage in or through the BILIARY TRACT due to trauma, inflammation, CHOLELITHIASIS, vascular disease, or neoplasms.Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic: Passages external to the liver for the conveyance of bile. These include the COMMON BILE DUCT and the common hepatic duct (HEPATIC DUCT, COMMON).Biliary Atresia: Progressive destruction or the absence of all or part of the extrahepatic BILE DUCTS, resulting in the complete obstruction of BILE flow. Usually, biliary atresia is found in infants and accounts for one third of the neonatal cholestatic JAUNDICE.Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer: A type of FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY using two FLUORESCENT DYES with overlapping emission and absorption spectra, which is used to indicate proximity of labeled molecules. This technique is useful for studying interactions of molecules and PROTEIN FOLDING.Pancreatic Cyst: A true cyst of the PANCREAS, distinguished from the much more common PANCREATIC PSEUDOCYST by possessing a lining of mucous EPITHELIUM. Pancreatic cysts are categorized as congenital, retention, neoplastic, parasitic, enterogenous, or dermoid. Congenital cysts occur more frequently as solitary cysts but may be multiple. Retention cysts are gross enlargements of PANCREATIC DUCTS secondary to ductal obstruction. (From Bockus Gastroenterology, 4th ed, p4145)Duodenum: The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.Pleural DiseasesFollow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mesocolon: The fold of peritoneum by which the COLON is attached to the posterior ABDOMINAL WALL.Lithotripsy: The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.Administration, Rectal: The insertion of drugs into the rectum, usually for confused or incompetent patients, like children, infants, and the very old or comatose.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.Radiation Monitoring: The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal: Carcinoma that arises from the PANCREATIC DUCTS. It accounts for the majority of cancers derived from the PANCREAS.Protons: Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Pancreatectomy: Surgical removal of the pancreas. (Dorland, 28th ed)Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Liver Function Tests: Blood tests that are used to evaluate how well a patient's liver is working and also to help diagnose liver conditions.Bile Reflux: Retrograde bile flow. Reflux of bile can be from the duodenum to the stomach (DUODENOGASTRIC REFLUX); to the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX); or to the PANCREAS.Trypsinogen: The inactive proenzyme of trypsin secreted by the pancreas, activated in the duodenum via cleavage by enteropeptidase. (Stedman, 25th ed)Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous: An adenocarcinoma producing mucin in significant amounts. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Creatine: An amino acid that occurs in vertebrate tissues and in urine. In muscle tissue, creatine generally occurs as phosphocreatine. Creatine is excreted as CREATININE in the urine.Liver Transplantation: The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.Secretin: A peptide hormone of about 27 amino acids from the duodenal mucosa that activates pancreatic secretion and lowers the blood sugar level. (USAN and the USP Dictionary of Drug Names, 1994, p597)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Phosphocreatine: An endogenous substance found mainly in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. It has been tried in the treatment of cardiac disorders and has been added to cardioplegic solutions. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1996)Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.Organometallic Compounds: A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Liver Diseases: Pathological processes of the LIVER.Echo-Planar Imaging: A type of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING that uses only one nuclear spin excitation per image and therefore can obtain images in a fraction of a second rather than the minutes required in traditional MRI techniques. It is used in a variety of medical and scientific applications.Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing: A severe form of acute INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS characterized by one or more areas of NECROSIS in the pancreas with varying degree of involvement of the surrounding tissues or organ systems. Massive pancreatic necrosis may lead to DIABETES MELLITUS, and malabsorption.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Magnetite Nanoparticles: Synthesized magnetic particles under 100 nanometers possessing many biomedical applications including DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and CONTRAST AGENTS. The particles are usually coated with a variety of polymeric compounds.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Choline: A basic constituent of lecithin that is found in many plants and animal organs. It is important as a precursor of acetylcholine, as a methyl donor in various metabolic processes, and in lipid metabolism.Aspartic Acid: One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Ferrosoferric Oxide: Iron (II,III) oxide (Fe3O4). It is a black ore of IRON that forms opaque crystals and exerts strong magnetism.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Portal Vein: A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Palliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Carbon Isotopes: Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Fluorine: A nonmetallic, diatomic gas that is a trace element and member of the halogen family. It is used in dentistry as flouride (FLUORIDES) to prevent dental caries.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Spin Labels: Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Parietal Lobe: Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.Lipase: An enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the reaction of triacylglycerol and water to yield diacylglycerol and a fatty acid anion. It is produced by glands on the tongue and by the pancreas and initiates the digestion of dietary fats. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.1.1.3.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Magnetics: The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Spectrum Analysis, Raman: Analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.Ferric Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds containing trivalent iron.

Pitfalls of MRCP in the diagnosis of pancreaticobiliary maljunction. (1/217)

CONTEXT: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is useful for examining the pancreatic duct system in patients with acute pancreatitis instead of using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), as ERCP-induced pancreatitis represents a serious problem. However, we present here a case of idiopathic acute pancreatitis in which MRCP suggested pancreaticobiliary maljunction, but ERCP indicated normal pancreaticobiliary union. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old male was urgently admitted complaining of upper abdominal and back pain. He had no history of alcohol or drug intake. Serum amylase levels were elevated to 880 U/mL (reference value: less than 158 U/mL). Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated only a slight swelling of the pancreas, but no abnormal findings for the bile duct or gallbladder. Symptoms and hyperamylasemia improved with supportive therapy. Coronal heavily T2-weighted single-shot rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement MRCP indicated a markedly long common channel, and pancreaticobiliary maljunction without biliary dilatation was diagnosed. Under the diagnosis of idiopathic acute pancreatitis associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction without biliary dilatation, prophylactic laparoscopic cholecystectomy was planned. However, ERCP demonstrated a narrow main pancreatic duct and a normal common bile duct without the formation of a common channel. In a supine position, after withdrawal of the scope, the narrow main pancreatic duct at the head of the pancreas overlapped the lower common bile duct, giving the appearance of a long common channel as indicated by MRCP. CONCLUSIONS: In MRCP of cases with a narrow main pancreatic duct, there is a possibility for false-positive indications of pancreaticobiliary maljunction. MRCP with secretin stimulation or ERCP should be performed in such cases.  (+info)

Unilocular extrahepatic biliary cystadenoma mimicking choledochal cyst: a case report. (2/217)

We report here on a case of extrahepatic biliary cystadenoma arising from the common hepatic duct. A 42-year-old woman was evaluated by us to find the cause of her jaundice. Ultrasonography and CT showed a cystic dilatation of the common hepatic duct and also marked dilatation of the intrahepatic duct. Direct cholangiography demonstrated a large filling defect between the left hepatic duct and the common hepatic duct; dilatation of the intrahepatic duct was also demonstrated. Following excision of the cystic mass, it was pathologically confirmed as a unilocular biliary mucinous cystadenoma arising from the common hepatic duct.  (+info)

A case of acute pancreatitis possibly associated with combined salicylate and simvastatin treatment. (3/217)

CONTEXT: Drug-induced acute pancreatitis is a rather rare clinical entity. From time to time, several cases have been reported in which statins or salicylates have been associated with the development of acute pancreatitis. There is only one report which implies the involvement of both drugs in pancreatic inflammation. CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old Caucasian male with a history of coronary heart disease and hypercholesterolemia, under treatment with acetyl-salicylate for 6 years and simvastatin for 2 months, presented to the Emergency Department of our hospital with epigastric pain and vomiting of 24-hour duration. The clinical and laboratory investigation led to the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Conservative and rich-in-fluid treatment resulted in clinical and laboratory amelioration, and the patient was discharged on day 15, after full restoration of his health. In our patient, all possible common causes of acute pancreatitis were excluded. CONCLUSION: Conclusion It is a rational assumption to connect this case to the co-administration of simvastatin and acetyl-salicylate. However, the pathophysiological mechanism behind the onset of acute pancreatitis due to a statin, or, even more, due to its combination with salicylate, remains vague.  (+info)

Preoperative evaluation of pancreaticobiliary tumor using MR multi-imaging techniques. (4/217)

AIM: To evaluate the clinical value of MR multi-imaging techniques in diagnosing and preoperative assessment of pancreaticobiliary tumor. METHODS: MR multi-imaging techniques, including MR cross-sectional imaging, MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and 3D dynamic contrast-enhanced MR angiography (3D DCE MRA), were performed to make prospective diagnosis and preoperative evaluation in 28 patients with suspected pancreaticobiliary tumors. There were 17 cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, 8 cases of biliary system carcinoma and 3 cases of non-neoplastic lesions. RESULTS: Using MR multi-imaging techniques, the accuracy in diagnosing the patients with pancreaticobiliary tumors was 89.3% (25/28). The accuracy in detecting the range of tumor invasion was 80.3% (57/71). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive value of MR multi-imaging techniques in preoperative assessment of the resectability of pancreaticobiliary tumor were 83.3%, 89.5%, 88.0%, 71.4%, and 94.4%, respectively. There was well diagnostic consistency between MR multi-imaging techniques and CT (kappa = 0.64, P<0.01). The fusion image could be made from MRCP and 3D DCE MRA images. CONCLUSION: MR multi-imaging techniques can integrate the advantages of various MR images. The non-invasive "all-in-one" MR imaging protocol is the efficient method in diagnosing, staging and preoperative assessment of pancreaticobiliary tumor.  (+info)

Magnetic resonace appearance of gall bladder ascariasis. (5/217)

Ascariasis is a common disease in many developing countries and is a common cause of biliary and pancreatic diseases in endemic areas. Numerous studies have been published on biliary tract ascariasis. All these have documented ultrasonography as the primary imaging modality for biliary tract ascariasis. Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) has been the latest entrant for the study of bilary tract. MRCP findings of biliary tract ascariasis have been scarcely documented. MRCP is a unique non-invasive investigation for demonstrating ascariasis in gall bladder and bilary tract clearly. We present MR appearances of gall bladder and biliary tract in a proven case of biliary ascariasis.  (+info)

Dynamic MR cholangiography after fatty meal loading: cystic contractility and dynamic evaluation of biliary stasis. (6/217)

PURPOSE: Dynamic MR cholangiography was conducted on patients with cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis who had consumed a fatty test meal (Molyork) and the cystic contractility and dynamics of biliary stasis was evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The subjects were 25 with intracystic cholelithiasis, 10 with choledocholithiasis and 10 normal controls. For an imaging sequence, the rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) method was employed and imaging was conducted for 40 min (every 30 s following Molyork administration) without breath-holding. The gallbladder contraction ratio was computed and the contractile ratio for the common bile duct was calculated. To determine the bile flow to the duodenum, the high-intensity signal, indicating the flow from the lower common bile duct, and perfusion of the duodenum were observed in dynamic mode on the monitor with the naked eye and interpreted as positive bile flow. The frequency of this flow was visually monitored. RESULTS: The gallbladder contractile ratio was significantly reduced in patients with cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis compared with the controls. In a comparison with the normal controls, no sequential changes were noted in the mean contractile ratio of the common bile duct of the patients with cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis. The mean frequency of bile flow observed for each 40 min period was 13+/-2.4, 6+/-2.2, and 4+/-1.3 times for the controls, those with intracystic cholelithiasis, and those with choledocholithiasis, respectively. Compared with the controls, the latter two patient groups showed evident reductions in the frequency of bile flow to the duodenum (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Dynamic MRC combined with Molyork loading makes it possible to compute cystic contractile ratios and perform a dynamic examination of bile flow under non-invasive, near-physiological conditions.  (+info)

Adenomyomatosis with marked subserosal fibrosis and lipomatosis of the gallbladder: mural stratification demonstrated with MR. (7/217)

The authors reported a case of fundal-type adenomyomatosis in which mural stratification corresponding to histopathological findings was clearly demonstrated with MR imaging. Single-shot fast spin echo images for MR cholangiopancreatography clearly visualized Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses (RAS), which are a diagnostic clue for this disease. However, mural stratification comprising RAS with muscular proliferation, massive fibrosis and subserosal fat deposition was more precisely demonstrated in T(2)-weighted images obtained with fast spin echo.  (+info)

Complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography in the post-MRCP era: a tertiary center experience. (8/217)

AIM: To evaluate our experience in endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) in terms of fulfilling the ASGE guidelines in indications, positive findings, and complications in the post-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) era. METHODS: Between November 2001 and February 2003, consecutive ERCP cases were prospectively evaluated with regard to the indications, findings, cannulation techniques, devices used during the procedure, sedation given, duration of procedure, and complications. These data were entered in a database for subsequent processing and analysis. RESULTS: Of 336 cases, 21.4% were diagnostic and 78.6% therapeutic ERCP. The indications for ERCP fulfilled the ASGE guidelines in 323 cases (96.1%). Suspected bile duct stone was the most frequent indication (26.8%), and this was followed by cholangitis (24.4%), dilated common bile duct (14.9%), and cholestatic jaundice (13.4%). Cannulation success rate was 94%. Biliary sphincterotomy was performed in 175 (52.1%) patients. Repeated ERCP was performed on 31.5% of the patients. Overall, the complication rate was 9.8% with 0.3% being procedure-related mortality. The complications were pancreatitis (5.4%), bleeding (0.8%), cholangitis (2.4%) and others (1.5%). No significant difference was observed between the complication rate and the type of ERCP performed. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that post-ERCP complication rate was comparable with the other large prospective studies and there was no difference in the complication between the diagnostic and therapeutic ERCP.  (+info)

*Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

... (MRCP) is a medical imaging technique that uses magnetic resonance imaging to ... Prasad, SR; D. Sahani; S. Saini (November 2001). "Clinical applications of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography". ... Griffin, Nyree; Charles-Edwards, Geoff; Grant, Lee Alexander (2011-09-28). "Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: the ... MRCP is a much less invasive investigation when compared to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although ...

*Magnetic resonance imaging

... imaging of the bile ducts is achieved by using a heavily T2-weighted sequence in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography ( ... List of neuroimaging software Magnetic immunoassay Magnetic particle imaging Magnetic resonance elastography Magnetic Resonance ... Magnetic resonance imaging is a medical application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). NMR can also be used for imaging in ... "Magnetic Resonance, a critical peer-reviewed introduction". European Magnetic Resonance Forum. Retrieved 17 November 2014. ...

*Cholangiopancreatography

... can refer to: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography Magnetic resonance ...

*Cholangiocarcinoma

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a non-invasive alternative to ERCP. Some authors have suggested that MRCP ... Yeh T, Jan Y, Tseng J, Chiu C, Chen T, Hwang T, Chen M (2000). "Malignant perihilar biliary obstruction: magnetic resonance ... Zidi S, Prat F, Le Guen O, Rondeau Y, Pelletier G (2000). "Performance characteristics of magnetic resonance cholangiography in ... Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), an endoscopic procedure performed by a gastroenterologist or specially ...

*Malabsorption

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) to complement or as an alternative to ERCP. OGD to detect duodenal pathology ...

*Cholangiography

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and T tube cholangiography are other cholangiography methods.. ... Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although this is a form of imaging, it is both diagnostic and ...

*Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm

These include computerized tomography (CT), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP ...

*Pancreatic serous cystadenoma

These include computerized tomography (CT), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP ...

*Gallbladder

Other imaging options include MRCP (magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography), ERCP and percutaneous or intraoperative ...

*Iotroxic acid

It is rarely used in the developed world due to the availability of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). " ...

*Common bile duct stone

... magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography), an ERCP, or an intraoperative cholangiogram. If the patient must have the ...

*MRCP

... may be: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, in medical imaging, a technique to visualise the biliary tract and ...

*Pancreatic cancer

Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography may also be used, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography ...

*Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

... magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound. If the biliary system is obstructed ... It allows access to the biliary tree in cases where endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been unsuccessful ...

*Pancreas divisum

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography) or ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography). This test can ...

*Liver cancer

MRI and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) are used. Tumor markers, chemicals sometimes found in the blood of ... For HCC these include sonography (ultrasound), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). When imaging the ... If the cause of obstruction is suspected to be malignant, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), ultrasound, CT ...

*Liver tumor

MRI and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) are used. Tumor markers, chemicals sometimes found in the blood of ... and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). When imaging the liver with ultrasound, a mass greater than 2 cm has more than 95% chance ... If the cause of obstruction is suspected to be malignant, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), ultrasound, CT ...

*Primary sclerosing cholangitis

... is magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), a magnetic resonance imaging technique. MRCP has unique strengths, ... "Micro-computed tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging for noninvasive, live-mouse cholangiography". Lab Invest. 93 ( ... a cholangiogram would be obtained via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which typically reveals "beading ... until the 1970s with the advent of improved medical imaging techniques such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ( ...

*Pancreatic pseudocyst

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) - to establish the relationship of the pseudocyst to the pancreatic ducts, ...

*List of MeSH codes (E01)

... magnetic resonance imaging MeSH E01.370.350.825.500.100 --- cholangiopancreatography, magnetic resonance MeSH E01.370.350.825. ... magnetic resonance imaging MeSH E01.370.350.500.100 --- cholangiopancreatography, magnetic resonance MeSH E01.370.350.500.150 ... cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic retrograde MeSH E01.370.372.200.215 --- cholangiopancreatography, magnetic resonance MeSH ... magnetic resonance angiography MeSH E01.370.350.825.500.510 --- magnetic resonance imaging, cine MeSH E01.370.350.825.800 --- ...

*Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

... the development of safer and relatively non-invasive investigations such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) ... Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to ... Cotton, Peter B. (2013-05-31). "ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography)". Medical University of South Carolina ( ... "Design of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Duodenoscopes May Impede Effective Cleaning: FDA Safety ...

*Magnetic resonance

... an MRI technique to image blood vessels Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), an MRI technique to image biliary ... Nuclear magnetic resonance, a physical phenomenon Magnetic resonance imaging Electron paramagnetic resonance Magnetic resonance ... magnetic resonance spectroscopy Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy Triple-resonance nuclear magnetic resonance ... Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, journal Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, journal Centre for Magnetic Resonance Investigations, ...

*Index of oncology articles

... magnetic resonance imaging - magnetic resonance perfusion imaging - magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging - magnetic- ... endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography - endoscopic ultrasound - endoscopy - endostatin - endothelial cell - endothelin ... functional magnetic resonance imaging - fundus - fungating lesion - fusion protein G-CSF - gabapentin - Gail model - gallium ... nuclear magnetic resonance imaging - nuclear medicine scan - nutraceutical - nystatin O(6)-benzylguanine - oat cell cancer - ...

*Autoimmune pancreatitis

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reveals a diffusely decreased signal intensity and delayed enhancement on dynamic scanning. ... and stenosis of the intrapancreatic bile duct on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Rare pancreatic ...

*Acute pancreatitis

Khalid A, Peterson M, Slivka A (2003). "Secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance pancreaticogram to assess pancreatic duct ... endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography), performed within 24 to 72 hours of presentation, is known to reduce morbidity ... "Staging of severity and prognosis of acute pancreatitis by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging-a comparative ...

*ICD-9-CM Volume 3

Magnetic resonance imaging of spinal canal (88.94) Magnetic resonance imaging of musculoskeletal (88.95) Magnetic resonance ... Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (51.2) Cholecystectomy (51.3) Anastomosis of gallbladder or bile duct ( ... Magnetic resonance imaging of brain and brain stem (88.92) Magnetic resonance imaging of chest and myocardium (88.93) ... Other intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (88.97) Magnetic resonance imaging of other and unspecified sites (88.98) Bone ...
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a medical imaging technique that uses magnetic resonance imaging to visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts in a non-invasive manner. This procedure can be used to determine if gallstones are lodged in any of the ducts surrounding the gallbladder. It was introduced in 1991. MRCP makes use of heavily T2-weighted MRI pulse sequences. These sequences show high signal in static or slow moving fluids within the gallbladder, biliary ducts and pancreatic duct, with low signal of surrounding tissue. In the diagnosis of pancreatic disorders, MRCP is a much less invasive investigation when compared to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although both techniques can image the ductal system in detail, MRCP also allows imaging of the surrounding parenchyma. In a study from 2008, 269 patients undergoing both ERCP and MRCP showed comparable results between the two techniques. Prasad, SR; D. Sahani; S. Saini (November 2001). "Clinical ...
Learn more about Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography at Reston Hospital Center DefinitionReasons for TestPossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectResultsCall ...
Care guide for Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Functional MR cholangiography of the cystic duct and sphincter of Oddi using gadoxetate disodium. T2 - Is a 30-minute delay long enough?. AU - Corwin, Michael T. AU - Lamba, Ramit. AU - McGahan, John P. PY - 2013/4. Y1 - 2013/4. N2 - Purpose: To determine if excreted contrast is consistently visualized in the gallbladder and duodenum after a 30-minute delay using gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI in patients without hepatobiliary disease. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two patients without evidence of liver or biliary disease underwent gadoxetate disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from February 17, 2009 through October 3, 2011. The mean age was 45 years (range 25-72). T1-weighted hepatobiliary phase images at 5, 10, 20, and 30 minutes after contrast injection were reviewed in consensus by two radiologists to determine the delay at which enhancement of the gallbladder and duodenum first occurred. Results: Thirteen of 22 (59.1%) patients demonstrated duodenal filling ...
We investigated the association between the magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) results and surgical difficulties and bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). MRC was performe
An MRCP is an abdominal MRI that concentrates on the biliary and pancreatic ducts to locate gallstones, tumors, inflammation and infection.
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
This book aims to provide the basic technology and recent advances in biliopancreatic endoscopy. The method of Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is popularly applied to enlarge the papillary orifice for removal of biliary and pancreatic stones, to relieve obstruction of distal bile duct or pancreatic duct by nasobiliary / nasopancreatic drainage or stenting, and to remove the premalignant tumor of papilla in recent four decades. The diagnostic role of ERCP is already replaced by the noninvasive images such as abdominal sonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS ...
Chronic pancreatitis is the progressive and permanent destruction of the pancreas resulting in exocrine and endocrine insufficiency and, often, chronic disabling pain. The etiology is multifactorial. Alcoholism plays a significant role in adults, whereas genetic and structural defects predominate in children. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. Morbidity and mortality are secondary to chronic pain and complications (e.g., diabetes, pancreatic cancer). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the radiographic test of choice for diagnosis, with ductal calcifications being pathognomonic. Newer modalities, such as endoscopic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, provide diagnostic results similar to those of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Management begins with lifestyle modifications (e.g., cessation of alcohol and tobacco use) and dietary changes followed by analgesics and pancreatic enzyme supplementation. Before proceeding with endoscopic or
SA, SARJI and LEE, WS (2005) Autoimmune hepatitis/primary sclerosing cholangitis overlap syndrome in a child: diagnostic usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. J Paediatr Child Health, 41 (4). pp. 225-227. ...
My 15 years old son has moderate pain in his upper stomach for the last 2 weeks and has been diagnosed with a single gallstone. Ultrasonography (USG) showed the size of the stone as 14 mm but magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed it 4 mm. The stone is at the neck of gallbladder (GB). The doctor has advised for |b|surgical removal of gallbladder|/b|. Later on, he has been put on Ursocol 300 mg for 3 months. What are the chances of gallstone dissolving by the drug given? Even if the stone will dissolve, would the GB return to normal functioning? What are the chances of recurrence of gallstones? Is surgery advisable?
As reported by Vasen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, surveillance for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in high-risk individuals appears to be of benefit in individuals at risk due to CDKN2A mutation, with the advantage being less clear among individuals at risk due to familial clustering of pancreatic cancer.. Study Details. The study was a long-term prospective follow-up from three European expert centers. A total of 411 asymptomatic individuals, including 178 CDKN2A mutation carriers, 214 individuals with familial pancreatic cancer, and 19 BRCA1/2 or PALB2 mutation carriers, participated in a surveillance program consisting of annual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS).. Individuals had a mean age of 56 years at the start of the program, and mean follow-up was 53 months (range = 0-169 months). In total, 866 MRIs and 106 EUSs were performed.. Surveillance Outcome. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was detected ...
Methods We performed a retrospective observational study of MRCP studies (n = 119) performed between October 2011 and September 2012 at West Middlesex University Hospital using electronic medical records. All MRCPs were reported by a consultant radiologist. MRCP findings were correlated with the presence of dilated (but otherwise normal) or undilated biliary tree on initial imaging (USS/CT), jaundice (bilirubin , 21 μmol/L) and abdominal pain. Demographics including age and gender were noted. Fishers exact test was used to analyse binary variables and students T test for continuous variables using the STATA12 statistical software. ...
The underlying concept is to image fluid within the ducts while suppressing signal from non-fluid structures [8]. The main aim of this classic MRCP sequence is to demonstrate ductal fluid as hyperintense while filling defects, such as those caused by stones, are displayed as hypointense [12]. Traditionally, a set of radially oriented thick slab MRCP images were obtained and may still be the case in many centres [44, 47]. It has been somewhat successful and so it is understandable that centres continue to use this approach. This may be of benefit when anatomical structures are difficult to identify on axial images (perhaps due to prior surgery or congenital anomalies) or because of an advanced stage of pathology which results in severe distortion of the relevant anatomical structures. However, the authors believe that this approach, if used for every case, may falsely lead to an oversimplification of the MRCP procedure. It may even be considered as a novice approach since it is not targeted ...
By Patric Nisbet MSc, MD, MRCP, FRCR, Wladyslaw Gedroyc MB, BS, MRCP, FRCR, Sheila Rankin MB, BS, DMRD, FRCR (auth.). Imaging now performs a vital part in so much diagnostic pathways. A familiarity with plain-film abnormalities and the extra specialized modalities reminiscent of computerised tomography, ultrasound, nuclear drugs and magnetic resonance is a crucial a part of the clinicians "medical knowledge", and a valid clutch of the topic is predicted in postgraduate examinations. This booklet is basically meant as a learn consultant for movie interpretation in postgraduate examinations, specifically the MRCP and FRCR checks. The structure of the questions follows the layout of the exam of the Royal university of Radiologists. On right-hand pages short scientific info and a number of imaging examples are offered for the candidate to examine and document. In each one case specimen solutions with reviews and, the place beneficial, additional illustrations, are proven at the following left-hand ...
In this part of the article, you will be able to access the .pdf file of An Aid to The MRCP PACES Volume 2, Stations 2 and 4 PDF Free by using our direct links. We have uploaded An Aid to The MRCP PACES Volume 2, Stations 2 and 4 PDF Free to our online repository to ensure ease-of-access and safety.. Please use the download link mentioned below to access the An Aid to The MRCP PACES Volume 2, Stations 2 and 4 PDF Free.. ...
Today was my follow up appointment for the MRCP I had back in January. Good news is the cyst either shrunk or was miscalculated from the endoscopic ultrasound. It is only about 1.5 cm up from 1.2 cm the time before (the endo ultrasound showed it at 2.2 cm). Unfortunately, I need to have another MRCP early April so we can be sure. And then in the same month, I need to meet with a pancreatic surgeon to go over my options - if I need surgery to remove it, if we can just follow it, or if we can virtually ignore it. Hopefully we can just monitor it for now ...
9781118348055 Our cheapest price for An Aid to the MRCP PACES Volume 3: Station 5 is $59.61. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. Through the endoscope, the physician can see the inside of the stomach and duodenum, and inject a contrast medium into the ducts in the biliary tree and pancreas so they can be seen on radiographs. ERCP is used primarily to diagnose and treat conditions of the bile ducts and main pancreatic duct, including gallstones, inflammatory strictures (scars), leaks (from trauma and surgery), and cancer. ERCP can be performed for diagnostic and therapeutic reasons, although the development of safer and relatively non-invasive investigations such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasound has meant that ERCP is now rarely performed without therapeutic intent. The following represent indications for ERCP, particularly if or when less invasive options are not adequate or ...
MRC is emerging as the latest imaging technology to evaluate the biliary tree. This noninvasive method is used to visualize these structures without using a contrast agent. Because the magnetic resonance images can be directly acquired in any plane, 3-dimensional representation of biliary tract anatomy and pathology can be accurately obtained. Patients receive no radiation exposure and unlike other imaging modalities, such as ultrasonography, ERCP, or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, MRC does not rely on operator skill. The limitations of MRC include imaging artifact caused by metallic surgical clips and air in the biliary tree. Additionally, MRC does depend on technology that requires a multicoil device for better spatial resolution, which is currently not widely available (1). Should MRC be used in the routine diagnosis of biliary tract disease, and where does it fit in the diagnostic work-up? Although Soto and colleagues should be commended for their efforts, it is difficult to ...
Ahmed, I. "Management of rupture of choledochal cyst". Indian J Gastroenterol. vol. 30. 2011. pp. 94-6. (Authors discuss etiology, clinical presentation of ruptured choledochal cyst and emergency surgical procedures.). Berta, E. "Single injection paravertebral block for renal surgery in children". Pediatr Anesth. vol. 18. 2008. pp. 593-7. (Discuss paravertebral block for intra- and postoperative analgesia, risks, and benefits.). Bielsky, A. "Postoperative analgesia in neonates after major abdominal surgery: TAP our way to success". Pediatr Anesth. vol. 19. 2009. pp. 541-53. (Discuss transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for intra- and postoperative analgesia, risks, and benefits.). Chavhan, G, Babyn, P. "Pediatric MR cholangiopancreatography: principles, technique, and clinical applications". Radiographics. vol. 28. 2008. pp. 1951-2. (Authors discuss noninvasive imaging for identifying choledochal cysts.). Dabbas, N, Davenport, M. "Congenital choledochal malformation: not just a problem for ...
Malignant hilar tumours are usually unresectable at the time of diagnosis.6 7 Although resection offers the only chance of cure, the five year survival rate after potentially curative resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma has been reported to be from 0 to 22%,2 16 and the resectability rate from 20 to 30%6 16; there is no indication for surgery in patients with hilar metastases. Hence palliative non-surgical treatment of obstructive jaundice is often the main treatment for most patients at the time of diagnosis, as radical excision of hilar tumours is precluded by the patients general condition, tumour extension into both lobes of the liver, portal vein, or hepatic artery tumour encasement, or distant metastasis.. When communication persists between the right and left hepatic ducts (Bismuths type I), the endoscopic insertion of a single stent is admittedly the best way to ensure drainage, although some type I stricture patients may be candidates for surgical resection or bypass. When the ...
Patients will be followed for 14 days postop for signs of bile duct injury including bile duct leak and bile duct occlusion. This will be assessed by in person followup and/or telephone interview. Symptoms such as pain, fever and jaundice will indicate the need for further imaging including ultrasound, CAT scan, HIDA (hepato-iminodiacetic acid) scan and or MRCP (magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography). Additional endpoints including time to identification of structures safety of the procedure and autonomy given to the residents using surveys will be included ...
This study aimed to evaluate the radiologists ability to identify excreted gadoxetate disodium within the gallbladder on CT scan. Thirty three healthy adults underwent imaging of the liver during work-up for potential liver donation. Three patients had undergone prior cholecystectomy and therefore were excluded. Imaging consisted of gadoxetate disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) and multiphase contrast-enhanced CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Two fellowship-trained abdominal imaging radiologists, who were blinded to the MRC images and the contrast agent used during MRC, independently reviewed the CT scans of the 30 patients that were included. The scans were evaluated for the presence or absence of abnormal hyperdensity within the gallbladder. Three patients did not receive intravenous gadoxetate disodium, 4 patients had their MRC after the CT scan, and 1 patient had the CT scans 5 days following the MRC. Twenty two patients had the CT scan within 24 h following the gadoxetate
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a diagnostic and interventional procedure technique using both endoscopy and fluoroscopy for examination and intervention of the biliary tree and pancreatic ducts. It is typically performed...
Learn more about Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography at Memorial Hospital DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectCall Your...
This article focuses on a study related to MRCP and for the investigation of pancreaticobiliary disease. The study aims to compare and contrast the use of MRCP and ERCP in pancreaticobiliary (PB) disease at the research centre in consecutive patients over a 20 months period. 30% of patients with suspected PB disease have initial MRCP rather than ERCP. Agreement between procedures is moderate at best for biliary disease and excellent for pancreatic disease. MRCP and ERCP are used synergistically at the research centre the former reducing the burden on the latter ...
The survey report on the Global Cholangiopancreatography Device Market is a comprehensive overview of the market, covering various aspects such as product
Hello everyone. I would like to present all what I have learned by moderating the MRCP 1 forum at RxPG. For months, it had been a roller coaster ride, right upto to the exam and continues to date too. Every now and then I see someone coming up with a post as to be asking how to prepare for this exam. I have a few very basic and concrete suggestions which should form the base of your studying pyramid and you can then gradually build your knowledge upon it. All what I say here has been my experience with support from other doctors opinions and the RxPG MRCP 1 forum s members comments.... ...
Diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in hepatic, biliary, and pancreatic malignancy.: This paper reports the radiographic findi
i put this list together from difficult topics from the Sanjay Sharma MRCP Part 2 book. The numbers in brackets are from his book....hope it can help...
Ques. I remembered and blunders i made 1) where does rna splicing occur-nucleus 2)findings in Myasthenia gravis-low potentials in EMG 3)...
BACKGROUND There are few published data concerning the economic impact of antibiotic prophylaxis prior to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in the setting of biliary obstruction. AIM To perform decision analysis to determine the costs of prophylaxis in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for obstructive jaundice. METHODS A decision analysis model was constructed. The probability of biliary sepsis, death and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography complications was obtained from the medical literature and from a retrospective analysis of our own experience. Costs were obtained from Medicare reimbursement at our institution. The strategies evaluated were endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with and without single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis. We compared the total costs, number of episodes of cholangitis and deaths associated with each strategy. RESULTS Based on published data and the results of our retrospective analysis, the strategy of
Project:. This study will compare glyceryl nitrate (GN) treatment to non-active treatment for the prevention of post-ERCP acute pancreatitis, which is an inflammation of the pancreas that can occur after a procedure known as ERCP.. Background:. ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography) is an examination of the pancreas by which it is possible to perform therapeutic measures such as stone removal from the common bile duct and visualisation of the pancreas. Inflammation of the pancreas after the ERCP procedure (called: post-ERCP pancreatitis) is the most feared and common complication of the ERCP. It occurs in 1-40% of patients, with rates of 5% or more being more typical. Currently, the background of post-ERCP pancreatitis is poorly known.. Attempts at preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis have been carried out through a change to low-risk techniques, by avoiding high-risk patients, and by use of pharmacological prophylaxis.. Glyceryl Nitrate:. Glyceryl nitrate is a well-known medicine ...
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, or ERCP, is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. It combines X-ray and the use of an endoscope-a long, flexible, lighted tube.
Learn more about Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography at Medical City Dallas DefinitionReasons for ProcedurePossible ComplicationsWhat to ExpectCall Your...
free MCQs and BOFs for MRCP 1 & 2 - "the biggest and best selection of MCQs and BOFs" Neurology4mrcp group provides free MCQs & BOFs in PDF format and are free to download, updated at regular intervals. Also check the useful links on "what to read for MRCP ...
Sudden Cardiac Death in the Young - the Beat It Project Dr Mark Abela MD (Melit) MRCP (UK) MRCP (Lond) MSc (Edin) Learning Objectives After completio...
... China Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Pancreatic and Biliary Stenting Procedures Outlook to - Market research report and industry analysis - 10859199
Conservative treatment of cholecystitis by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (costs for program #274686) ✔ University Hospital Halle (Saale) ✔ Department of Gastroenterology and Pneumology (Department of Internal Medicine I) ✔ BookingHealth.com
OBJECTIVE To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data regarding the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for diagnosis and therapy. PARTICIPANTS A non-Federal, non-advocate, 13-member panel representing the fields of gastroenterology, hepatology, clinical epidemiology, oncology, biostatistics, surgery, health services research, radiology, internal medicine, and the public. In addition, experts in these same fields presented data to the panel and to a conference audience of approximately 300. EVIDENCE Presentations by experts; a systematic review of the medical literature provided by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; and an extensive bibliography of ERCP research papers, prepared by the National Library of Medicine. Scientific evidence was given precedence over clinical anecdotal experience. CONFERENCE PROCESS Answering predefined questions, the panel drafted a statement based on
Endoscopic ultrasonography , Endoscopic ultrasonography , کتابخانه دیجیتالی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات درمانی شهید بهشتی
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When you express interest in a specific study, the information from your profile will be sent to the doctor conducting that study. If youre eligible to participate, you may be contacted by a nurse or study coordinator. If you select a health category rather than a specific study, doctors who have active studies in that area may contact you to ask if you would like to participate. In both cases, you will be contacted by the preferred method (email or phone) that you specified in your profile. ...
ERCP and PTHC allow for direct imaging of the biliary ducts. MRCP is a non-invasive alternative for imaging the biliary system ...
Looking for choledochal cyst? Find out information about choledochal cyst. abnormal sac in the body, filled with a fluid or semisolid and enclosed in a membrane. Cysts can be congenital but are usually acquired, the most common... Explanation of choledochal cyst
Introduction: Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital abnormality of the biliary tract presented primarily in infants and young children. It is very uncommon for choledochal cyst to be demonstrated during pregnancy. In fact, its manifestations during pregnancy are nonspecific and variable. If symptoms of abdominal pain, and jaundice were observed, choledocal ...
During this procedure, GastroEnterology Center specialists use a custom scope with a side view, perfect for threading a small "straw" up through the sphincter, or muscular door, and into the biliary tree, which leads to the liver, or the pancreatic duct. Once the scope is inserted, the gastroenterologist can use injected dye that shows up on an x-ray to look for blockages or narrowed passageways. ERCP also allows us to look for evidence of cancer or collect suspicious cells using tiny brushes.. ...
ERCP is a test that combines video endoscopy and x-ray techniques to examine the pancreatic and bile ducts as well as the duodenum and gall bladder.
Choledochal Cysts are a congenital abnormality starting in childhood. The cysts grow on or around the bile duct and cause abnormal enlargement
My Son Master ShivCharan aged 2 months was suffering from Stomach-ache and vomiting, where he was unable to express the pain in that teething age. Ultrasound and MRI scan were performed on my baby and diagnosed that he had a very severe problem-it is called Choledochal cyst, a by-birth problem where there is swelling of the bile duct (a tube that carries bile from the liver into the intestine). Due to this, there is improper flow of bile, and the children get ...
when i was about 7 1/2 months pregnant i was starting to feel extremely sick. i had horrible pains in my stomach and in my right side. i could not keep any food down and i had bad back problems. the doctors found out i had a choledochal cyst that was also getting in the way of my daughter from growing. i had an induced labor and was immediatly opperated on. they said that it shouldnt come back and that it was commonly found in asian females. from what i understand its also caused by genetics so my daughter and i both have to continuously go to the doctors for MRIs and CAT scans every year. after the cyst was removed it took a while for a bowel movement but after about 2 weeks or so i was back on schedule ...
Endoscopic biopsy: Doctors might also biopsy a tumor during an endoscopy. The medical doctor passes an endoscope (a skinny, versatile, tube with a small movie digital camera on the tip) down the throat and in the tiny intestine close to the pancreas. At this stage, the doctor can either use endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) to go a needle in the tumor or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to remove cells in the bile or pancreatic ducts. ...
The term annular pancreas means that a ring of excess pancreatic tissue encases the first part of your small intestine. Your pancreas can still function with this irregularity, but the excess tissue can cause a number of symptoms. It can also disrupt your digestive process and other bodily functions.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). A procedure that allows the doctor to diagnose and treat problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. The procedure combines X-ray and the use of an endoscope, which is a long, flexible, lighted tube. The scope is guided through the patients mouth and throat, then through the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The doctor can examine the inside of these organs and detect any abnormalities. A tube is then passed through the scope, and a dye is injected which will allow the internal organs to appear on an X-ray. ...
The immediate infectious pancreato-biliary complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) warranting transfer to a surgical unit are analyzed, in order to evaluate their frequency and severity as well as means of treatment and
J:57317 Li H, Arber S, Jessell TM, Edlund H, Selective agenesis of the dorsal pancreas in mice lacking homeobox gene Hlxb9. Nat Genet. 1999 Sep;23(1):67-70 ...
Dr Mohammad Ghazavi, Consultant Dermatologist, MD, MRCP, MRCP Dermatology, CCT in Dermatology at Spire Healthcare. Learn more about this consultant here.
Surgical Procedures of Choledochal Cyst Excision on orangecountysurgeons.org During choledochal cyst excision, a choledochal cyst is removed. These types of cysts cause the hepatic or biliary duct to enlarge, hampering bile drainage. During the procedure, the large duct is removed, and the small intestine is then moved up to the resected area.
ERCP is used primarily to diagnose and treat conditions of the bile ducts, including gallstones, inflammatory strictures (scars), leaks (from trauma and surgery), and cancer. ERCP combines the use of x rays and an endoscope, which is a long, flexible, lighted tube. Through the endoscope, the physician can see the inside of the stomach and duodenum, and inject dyes into the ducts in the biliary tree and pancreas so they can be seen on x rays.. For the procedure, you will lie on your left side on an examining table in an x-ray room. You will be given medication to help numb the back of your throat and a sedative to help you relax during the exam. You will swallow the endoscope, and the physician will then guide the scope through your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum until it reaches the spot where the ducts of the biliary tree and pancreas open into the duodenum. At this time, you will be turned to lie flat on your stomach, and the physician will pass a small plastic tube through the scope. ...
Cystic dilatation of the common bile duct (CBD), also known as choledochal cyst, is a fairly uncommon anomaly of the biliary tract. Although it was first described by Vater and Ezler in 1723, Douglas published the first complete clinical description of the anomaly in a patient in 1853.
Read "Virtual intraluminal endoscopy: A new method for evaluation and management of choledochal cyst, Journal of Pediatric Surgery" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Last week the Dr. M did blood work. She said the "indicators" were high so she order a CT scan. The scan found the mass in his pancreas. The tumor is about the size of a ping pong ball. It is pressing on the bile duct leading his liver. This is making my dad itch. He started to turn yellow with jaundice. This was quite a shock to everyone. The Dr. told us it was going to be a "rough road." Dr. M said she would set up a meeting with Dr. D to do a "ERCP". We met with Dr. D and he told us he was going to put a stint in the duct to relive the itching and some of the jaundice. He was also going to take photos and get biopsys. The procedure is called Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. ...
An ERCP test, or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography test, uses a small camera at the end of a flexible tube to examine the bile ducts of the small intestine. A gastroenterologist then...
Values of endoscopic ultrasonography for diagnosis and treatment of duodenal protruding lesions.: EUS is an effective and reliable diagnostic method for duodena
Please Note, The ebooks are not always PDF format, you might receive epub/kindle formats after purchase. This is Digital Version of (Ebook) 978-3
Profile of Dr. Prakash Chandra Mondal, Cardiologist in Kolkata: Get complete information about Dr. Prakash Chandra Mondal MBBS, MD, MRCP, MRCP, MRCPS, DM, DNB practicing at Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, his specialities, expertise, address, appointment phone numbers, timings, awards and associated hospital information | Sehat
Clay-colored stools or pale stools once may be nothing, but seeing them often can be a sign of a problem in the biliary system. What should you do?
Choledochal cysts are congenital anomalies of the bile ducts. They consist of cystic dilatations of the extrahepatic biliary tree, intrahepatic biliary radicles, or both.
The latest issue of the British Journal of Surgery reviews endoscopic ultrasonography vs endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for suspected choledocholithiasis.. ...
Association, Biliary Cirrhosis, Cirrhosis, Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, Disease, Patients, Stents, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography, Stent, and Surgery
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免疫のブレーキPD-1は、制御性T細胞との役割分担によって自己免疫性膵炎を抑制する. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2016-07-20.
The coat of arms has two mottoes. Above is "Conjurat Amice", translated as "We live together in amity". This reflects the unique nature of the RCPSG in encompassing physicians and surgeons, whereas those of Edinburgh and London are separate. The motto below the shield reads "Non vivere sed valere vita". It is an epigram of the Roman poet Martial and can be translated into English as "Not simply to live but to enjoy life ...
A medical instrument washer is provided which includes a rack drawably fitted in a washing tub, for setting washing objects thereon, a flow passage having one end located on a rear side of the washing tub for supplying washing water to the rear side, and a washing duct on the rack having a washing water inlet in rear part thereof so as to be detachably connected to one end of the flow passage as the rack is drawn/pushed in. The medical instrument washer so constructed reduces washing water quantity, and pressure loss of washing water by improving a flow passage of the medical instrument washer.
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After junior medical jobs and a period in general practice in New Zealand, Basil Frank Clarke came to Edinburgh to study for the MRCP exam, which he passed in 1960. His intention had been to return to work in New Zealand, but he obtained a medical post with Professor Sir Derrick Dunlop in the Royal … ...
MBBS, BMEDSC (MELBOURNE), MRCP (UK), MMED (SINGAPORE) Dr Rachel Ng graduated from the University of Melbourne in 2009, with a double degree in Medicine and
Southwest Transplant Alliance pays for the medical care to recover organs and tissues from deceased donors. These expenses include evaluations, lab testing, inpatient hospital services during the donation, surgeons fees, STA medical staff, air and ground transportation and medical case management. Southwest Transplant Alliance does not pay for expenses related to care prior to a patients death or funeral expenses.. STA receives funding through the fees we charge to the transplant centers and tissue partners who reimburse us for our service in managing this complex, highly-skilled and specific work. We are regulated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). We are also accountable to the generous financial contributors who support us and, most of all, to the donor families we serve and the transplant recipients whose lives we impact.. Financial gifts to Southwest Transplant Alliance can be a meaningful way to honor a loved one or friend, mark a special occasion or support the ...
Bestoun H Ahmed, MD, FRCS, FACS, Ziad Awad, MD, Michael Latzko, MD, Michael Nussbaum, MD, FACS, Cynthia Leaphart, MD. UF COM-Jacksonville FL. A 38-year-old female patient presented to the clinic epigastric and Right upper abdominal pain for several years. She was morbidly obese (BMI: 45.2) and H/O HTN, Asthma, GERD and DJD. She had multiple imaging and procedures done. ERCP confirmed the diagnosis. But the stent migrated within 24 hours. MRI/MRCP showed: fusiform dilatation of the common biliary duct likely a type I choledochal cyst with small diverticular outpouching.. The gall bladder is grasped and pushed cephalad to retract the right lobe of the liver. Dissection of the choledochal cyst is performed from surrounding structures in this sequence: anteriorly, medially, laterally, caudad and then cephalad safeguarding the vessels in the lesser omentum and porta hepatis.. The intrapancreatic part of common bile duct is dissected and then transected safeguarding pancreatic duct insertion. The ...
Description of disease Pancreas divisum. Treatment Pancreas divisum. Symptoms and causes Pancreas divisum Prophylaxis Pancreas divisum
ERCP is the most useful test in the diagnosis of PCS.{ref13}{ref14} It is unsurpassed in visualization of the ampulla, biliary, and pancreatic ducts. At least 50% of patients with PCS have biliary dis... more
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Mar;7(3):353-8e4. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2008.11.020. Epub 2008 Dec 3. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
I am a 30 years old woman who has been |b|admitted in hospital twice due to severe attacks of pancreatitis|/b| in the last 2 years. At the time of the first attack it was found from the CT scan, it was observed that I had oedema on the periphery of the pancreas. Then an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was done. My gallbladder was also operated upon 2 years back at the time of the first attack. The next year I was admitted with the same problem and I got well in 5 days only. The doctor prescribed pancreatic enzymes (Creon 25000 thrice a day), antacid and antioxidants. Now I am suffering from abdomen pain, loose motions, irregular bowel movements all the time, nausea and loss of appetite for the last 2 months, though I take only fat and protein free boiled or liquid diet. At present my serum lipase and amylase is within the normal range. The routine stool examination showed no enteric disease or fat mal-absorption. Serum calcium and blood glucose level was also normal. My recent
We report a case of Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis presenting as a rare cause of worsening hyperglycaemia in a patient with Type 2 diabetes and discuss the difficulties in differentiating this disease from pancreatic cancer.
Early precut sphincterotomy does not increase risk during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in patients with difficult biliary access, reports the latest issue of the Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Duodenal filling defects may be caused by a wide variety of duodenal pathology which may be divided by their location and pathological process. Extrinsic gallbladder impression common bile duct impression gas-filled diverticulum Intrinsic N...
Question - Is there any connection between pancreas divisum and low blood sugar?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Diabetes mellitus, Ask a General & Family Physician
Surgery of the liver, pancreas and biliary system HPB stands for Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary surgery. Gallstones and gallbladder surgery.
Pancreas division is a common congenital anomaly that is present during birth occurring within the pancreatic duct(s). The pancreas is a deep seated organ located behind the stomach. One of its functions is to create enzymes that are critical for the digestion of food in the intestine.
BACKGROUND: Overlap syndrome is a term used for overlapping features of autoimmune hepatitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis or primary biliary cirrhosis and for autoimmune cholangitis. We describe a high prevalence of small duct primary sclerosing cholangitis among patients with overlapping autoimmune hepatitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis. METHODS: We sought to retrieve all patients with overlap syndrome between primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis in six university hospitals in Sweden. The revised autoimmune hepatitis scoring system proposed by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group was used to establish the diagnosis autoimmune hepatitis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and/or magnetic resonance cholangiography were used to separate the primary sclerosing cholangitis cases diagnosed through liver biopsy into small and large primary sclerosing cholangitis. A histological diagnosis compatible with both autoimmune hepatitis and primary sclerosing ...
MalaCards based summary : Choledochal Cyst, also known as congenital cystic dilatation of the biliary tract, is related to xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis and gallbladder cancer. An important gene associated with Choledochal Cyst is SST (Somatostatin), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Pathways in cancer and Colorectal Cancer Metastasis. The drugs Etomidate and Hydrocortisone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include liver, pancreas and colon, and related phenotype is skeleton ...

Small duct autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis and Crohn colitis in a 10-year-old child. A case report and review of the...Small duct autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis and Crohn colitis in a 10-year-old child. A case report and review of the...

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed no cholangiographic abnormalities. Endoscopic retrograde ... Magnetic resonance cholangiography was normal. Colonoscopic biopsies showed chronic inflammatory changes of the caecum and the ... evaluating the role of routine magnetic resonance imaging. Hepatology. 2008, 47: 949-957. 10.1002/hep.22073.View ArticlePubMed ... cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was not carried out. Colonoscopy showed scattered reddened mucosa with small aphtoid ulcers in ...
more infohttps://diagnosticpathology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-1596-7-100

magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatographymagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

A definition of the medical term "magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography" is presented. Magnetic resonance ... cholangiopancreatographyrefers to visualization of pancreatic and biliary ducts with magnetic resonance imaging. The definition ...
more infohttp://connection.ebscohost.com/c/reference-entries/21234869/magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (Aftercare Instructions) - What You Need to KnowMagnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (Aftercare Instructions) - What You Need to Know

Care guide for Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and ... Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a type of MRI scan. An MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves to take ... Learn more about Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (Aftercare Instructions). Micromedex® Care Notes. *Magnetic ... Magnetic Resonance Imaging. *Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of The Abdomen And Pelvis. *Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of The Head And ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/cg/magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-aftercare-instructions.html

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) | Springer for Research & DevelopmentMagnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) | Springer for Research & Development

... presents the characteristic findings obtained when using MR imaging and MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) to image the biliary ... Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography in Biliary Lithiasis Riccardo Manfredi, Mariacristina Munafò, Teresa Milazzo, Lisa ... Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography: Technical Considerations Riccardo Manfredi, Massimiliano Bellotti, Alessandra ... presents the characteristic findings obtained when using MR imaging and MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) to image the biliary ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-88-470-2844-9

Does secretin add value in pediatric magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography? | Sigma-AldrichDoes secretin add value in pediatric magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography? | Sigma-Aldrich

Does secretin add value in pediatric magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography?. [Andrew T Trout, Daniel J Podberesky, Suraj ... is described to improve visualization of the pancreatic duct by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). In our ...
more infohttps://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/23184093

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography | Reston Hospital CenterMagnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography | Reston Hospital Center

Learn more about Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography at Reston Hospital Center DefinitionReasons for TestPossible ... A magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a special type of MRI scan. It is used to make pictures of the ... Diagnostic imaging studies: magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). The Pancreas Center website. Available at: http ... Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Radiology Info-Radiological Society of North America website. Available at ...
more infohttps://restonhospital.com/hl/?/810554/Magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography | definition of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography by Medical dictionaryMagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography | definition of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography by Medical dictionary

What is magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography? Meaning of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography medical term. What ... Looking for online definition of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in the Medical Dictionary? magnetic resonance ... magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Abbreviation: MRCP. Cholangiopancreatography by magnetic resonance imaging, a ... Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography , definition of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography by Medical dictionary ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/magnetic+resonance+cholangiopancreatography

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography - WikipediaMagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography - Wikipedia

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a medical imaging technique that uses magnetic resonance imaging to ... Prasad, SR; D. Sahani; S. Saini (November 2001). "Clinical applications of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography". ... Griffin, Nyree; Charles-Edwards, Geoff; Grant, Lee Alexander (2011-09-28). "Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: the ... MRCP is a much less invasive investigation when compared to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_resonance_cholangiopancreatography

Association between chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia and pancreatic ductal anomalies: a magnetic resonance...Association between chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia and pancreatic ductal anomalies: a magnetic resonance...

... the association between pancreatic ductal anomalies and chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia using magnetic resonance ... All subjects underwent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. The clinical features and incidence rates of pancreatic ... Gullo L, Lucrezio L, Calculli L, Salizzoni E, Coe M, Migliori M, Casadei R, Costa PL, Nestico V (2009) Magnetic resonance ... Association between chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia and pancreatic ductal anomalies: a magnetic resonance ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00261-019-02004-4

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts - 9788847028432 | SlugBooksMagnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts - 9788847028432 | SlugBooks

Compare cheapest textbook prices for Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts, Riccardo ... Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts. by Riccardo Manfredi *List Price: $149.99 ... cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) to image the biliary tree and pancreatic ducts in a variety of disease settings. An ...
more infohttps://www.slugbooks.com/9788847028432-magnetic-resonance.html

Comparison of Secretin-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) to Endoscopic Pancreatic Function Test ...Comparison of Secretin-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) to Endoscopic Pancreatic Function Test ...

Secretin-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) has recently emerged as a widely-accepted noninvasive ... Comparison of Secretin-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) to Endoscopic Pancreatic Function Test ( ... Comparison of Secretin-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (S-MRCP) to Endoscopic Pancreatic Function Test ( ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01094600

a Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showing a | Open-ia Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showing a | Open-i

a Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showing an ampullary soft tissue mass (T), with secondary dilatation of the ... Fig1: a Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showing an ampullary soft tissue mass (T), with secondary dilatation of the ... Fig1: a Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showing an ampullary soft tissue mass (T), with secondary dilatation of the ... common bile duct (c) and main pancreatic duct (arrow head); b endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showing an ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC3401309_423_2012_951_Fig1_HTML&req=4

Accuracy of Endoscopic Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography for the Diagnosis of Chronic...Accuracy of Endoscopic Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography for the Diagnosis of Chronic...

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) have been proposed as highly accurate ... Although endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been previously ... Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) have been proposed as highly accurate ... Accuracy of Endoscopic Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography for the Diagnosis of Chronic ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/clinical-gastroenterology/jcga/2007/01/000/accuracy-endoscopic-ultrasonography-magnetic/14/00004836

MRCP (Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography)MRCP (Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography)

... Magnetic resonance cholangio-(bile duct)-pancreato-(pancreas)-graphy-( ... The MRCP is non-invasive and much safer than an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which is also commonly ...
more infohttp://mnap.com/radiology/mri/mrcp/

Value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography combined with dynamic contrast enhanced CT in differential diagnosis of...Value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography combined with dynamic contrast enhanced CT in differential diagnosis of...

Value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography combined with dynamic contrast enhanced CT in differential diagnosis of ... Value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography combined with dynamic contrast enhanced CT in differential diagnosis of ... Lu J. Differential value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography combined with enhanced CT in diagnosis of benign and ... Liu J, Liu X. Differential diagnosis of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography combined with enhanced CT in treatment of ...
more infohttps://www.alliedacademies.org/articles/value-of-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-combined-with-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-ct-in-differential-diagnosis-of-benig-8203.html

Signal analysis of pineapple according to its anatomical region in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: Which region is...Signal analysis of pineapple according to its anatomical region in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: Which region is...

Signal analysis of pineapple according to its anatomical region in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: Which region is ... Pineapple, Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Segmental analysis. Introduction. Magnetic Resonance ... Comparative study of pineapple juice as a negative oral contrast agent in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. J Clin ... Pineapple juice as a negative oral contrast agent in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: a preliminary evaluation. Br ...
more infohttp://www.alliedacademies.org/articles/signal-analysis-of-pineapple-according-to-its-anatomical-region-in-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-which-region-is-mos.html

openarchives.gr | Role of endoscopic ultrasound in idiopathic acute pancreatitis with negative ultrasound, computed tomography,...openarchives.gr | Role of endoscopic ultrasound in idiopathic acute pancreatitis with negative ultrasound, computed tomography,...

... computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography were studied. In 23 patients (57.5%), it was the first ... computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography were studied. In 23 patients (57.5%), it was the first ... and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography URI: https://www.openarchives.gr/aggregator-openarchives/edm/gastro/000025- ... Role of endoscopic ultrasound in idiopathic acute pancreatitis with negative ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic ...
more infohttps://www.openarchives.gr/aggregator-openarchives/edm/gastro/000025-article_view_1090?language=en

Abdomen Magnetic Resonance Cholangio Pancreatography MRI S in KalyanAbdomen Magnetic Resonance Cholangio Pancreatography MRI S in Kalyan

Magnetic Resonance Cholangio-Pancreatography (MRCP) MRI Scan ] cost in [ Kalyan] and across India at certified labs. Get ... Abdomen + Magnetic Resonance Cholangio-Pancreatography (MRCP) MRI Scan Add MRI Scan. *Contrast MRI 5Th Nerve MRI Scan. Abdomen ... Abdomen + Magnetic Resonance Cholangio-Pancreatography (MRCP) MRI Scan Add MRI Scan. *Contrast MRI 5Th Nerve MRI Scan. Abdomen ...
more infohttps://www.chuzdr.com/compare/service/cost-of-abdomen-magnetic-resonance-cholangio-p-in-kalyan/331/474/1921

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography | Open Access articles | Open Access journals | Conference Proceedings | Editors |...Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography | Open Access articles | Open Access journals | Conference Proceedings | Editors |...

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a medical imaging technique that uses magnetic resonance imaging to ... This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography; it is used under the ... Prasad, SR; D. Sahani; S. Saini (November 2001). "Clinical applications of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography.". ... Top Results for Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Magnetic resonance ...
more infohttp://research.omicsgroup.org/index.php/Magnetic_resonance_cholangiopancreatography

Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging/3D-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with primary sclerosing...Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging/3D-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with primary sclerosing...

Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging/3D-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with primary sclerosing ... Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging/3D-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with primary sclerosing ... Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging/3D-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with primary sclerosing ... up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is performed by many centres, ...
more infohttps://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053238/

The value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in obstructive jaundice. A retrospective and prospective study at...The value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in obstructive jaundice. A retrospective and prospective study at...

Magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP) has high spatial resolution and is used for rapid noninvasive and accurate ... The value of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in obstructive jaundice. A retrospective and prospective study at ... Introduction: Diseases of the hepatobiliary tree are common all over the world and recently developed magnetic resonance ...
more infohttp://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/11295/25621

ISMRM 2018) Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography using optimized integrated combination with parallel imaging and...ISMRM 2018) Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography using optimized integrated combination with parallel imaging and...

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography using optimized integrated combination with parallel imaging and compressed sensing ... MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) plays an essential role in the noninvasive assessment of the biliary and pancreatic duct ...
more infohttp://archive.ismrm.org/2018/4731.html

Gallstones Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, Diet & SurgeryGallstones Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, Diet & Surgery

Magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP). Magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography or MRCP is a modification of ... magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP), cholescintigraphy (HIDA scan), endoscopic retrograde cholangio- ... MRI (or magnetic resonance imaging) scan is a radiology technique which uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce ... Standard computerized tomography (CT or CAT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may occasionally demonstrate gallstones ...
more infohttps://www.medicinenet.com/gallstones/article.htm

Biliary Obstruction Workup: Laboratory Studies, Imaging Studies, ProceduresBiliary Obstruction Workup: Laboratory Studies, Imaging Studies, Procedures

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). MRCP is a noninvasive way to visualize the hepatobiliary tree. It takes ... Adamek HE, Albert J, Weitz M. A prospective evaluation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with ... Can endoscopic ultrasound or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography replace ERCP in patients with suspected biliary ... Technology status evaluation: magnetic resonance pancreatography. American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinical ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/187001-workup

Bile Duct Obstruction: Symptoms, Treatment and CausesBile Duct Obstruction: Symptoms, Treatment and Causes

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is used for the diagnosis ... Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) involves the ...
more infohttps://www.healthline.com/health/bile-duct-obstruction
  • To perform a study, the person is positioned within an MRI scanner that forms a strong magnetic field around the area to be imaged. (wikipedia.org)
  • The radio signal may be made to encode position information by varying the main magnetic field using gradient coils. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major components of an MRI scanner are: the main magnet, which polarizes the sample, the shim coils for correcting shifts in the homogeneity of the main magnetic field, the gradient system which is used to localize the MR signal and the RF system, which excites the sample and detects the resulting NMR signal. (wikipedia.org)
  • An inter‐rater reliability calculation (Fleiss′ kappa) was performed and factors potentially affecting the interpretation of magnetic resonance images were analysed using generalised linear mixed‐effect models. (ucl.ac.uk)