The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The selection of one food over another.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of animals.
Sexual activities of humans.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).

Relationships between various attitudes towards self-determination in health care with special reference to an advance directive. (1/4015)

OBJECTIVES: The subject of patient self-determination in health care has gained broad interest because of the increasing number of incompetent patients. In an attempt to solve the problems related to doctors' decision making in such circumstances, advance directives have been developed. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between public attitudes towards patient autonomy and advance directives. SUBJECTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A stratified random sample of 600 adults in northern Sweden was surveyed by a questionnaire with a response rate of 78.2%. The subjects were asked about their wish for control of their health care, their concerns about health care, their treatment preferences in a life-threatening situation (both reversible and irreversible), and their attitudes towards the application of advance directives. RESULTS: Numerous relationships between various aspects of self-determination in health care (desire for control, fears of over-treatment, and choice of treatment level) in general and advance directives, in particular, were found. Those who wanted to have a say in their health care (about 94%) also mainly supported the use of an advance directive. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that almost 30% of the respondents were undecided concerning their personal use of advance directives points to a lack of knowledge and to the necessity of education of the public on these issues.  (+info)

Women patients' preferences for female or male GPs. (2/4015)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate general preferences to see a male or female GP either some or all of the time, and specific preferences to see a female primary health care (PHC) worker for individual health issues; to compare these preferences with reported consultation behaviour; and to explore women's evaluations of the quality of PHC services in relation to their preferences and consultation behaviour. METHOD: Results are reported on 881 women aged 16-65 years who had consulted their GP in the previous 6 months. Logistical regression analysis was undertaken to evaluate whether a general preference to see another woman is more important than specific women's health issues in determining why some women regularly choose to consult a female GP. RESULTS: General preference was 2.6 times more important than specific health issues in predicting choice of a female GP in a mixed-sex practice. Nearly a half (49.1 %) of women attending male-only practices stated that they wanted to see a female GP in at least some circumstances, compared with 63.8% of women in mixed-sex practices. In total, 65.5% of the sample stated that there was at least one specific health issue for which they would only want to be seen by a woman PHC worker. The most positive evaluations of the quality of GP services were made by women normally seeing a male GP in mixed-sex practices and the least positive evaluations were given by women in male-only GP practices CONCLUSIONS: In order to meet women's expressed preferences, every GP practice should have at least one female GP available at least some of the time and every GP practice should employ a female PHC worker.  (+info)

Why are workers uninsured? Employer-sponsored health insurance in 1997. (3/4015)

This study examines the number of workers in firms offering employee health plans, the number of workers eligible for such plans, and participation in employer-sponsored insurance. Data from the February 1997 Contingent Worker Supplement to the Current Population Survey indicate that 10.1 million workers are employed by firms offering insurance but are not eligible. Not all of these workers are eligible for coverage, most often because of hours of work. Our results indicate that 11.4 million workers rejected coverage when it was offered. Of those, 2.5 million workers were uninsured. Workers cited high cost of insurance most often as the primary factor for refusing coverage.  (+info)

Selection for oesophagectomy and postoperative outcome in a defined population. (4/4015)

OBJECTIVE: To measure the extent of use of, and perioperative mortality from, oesophagectomy for carcinoma of the oesophagus, and to examine the association between oesophagectomy and long term survival. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of cases of oesophageal carcinoma notified to the Thames Cancer Registry. SETTING: South East Thames and South West Thames health regions. PATIENTS: 3273 patients first registered with carcinoma of the oesophagus during 1985-9, 789 of whom were excluded because of incomplete data, leaving 2484 (75.9%) for further analysis. MAIN MEASURES: Treatment of oesophagectomy, mortality within 30 days of oesophagectomy, and duration of survival from date of diagnosis to death, according to patient and tumour characteristics. RESULTS: Oesophagectomy was performed in 571(23.0%) patients. Its use decreased with increasing age (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.935(0.925 to 0.944) per year) and was less common for tumours of the middle or upper third of the oesophagus than the lower third (0.56(0.42 to 0.75)). The proportion of patients undergoing oesophagectomy varied threefold among the 28 districts of residence. The perioperative mortality rate was 15.1(86/571) (12% to 18%); it increased with age (odds ratio 1.05(1.02 to 1.08) per year) and for tumours of the middle or upper third of the oesophagus compared with the lower third (2.52(1.31 to 4.84)). Long term survival was slightly higher for patients undergoing oesophagectomy (0.5% v 0.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite a high perioperative mortality rate patients selected for oesophagectomy showed better long term survival than those who were not, suggesting that clinical judgements used in selection were independent markers of a better prognosis. The nature of this selection needs to be more completely characterised to permit a valid evaluation of outcome of oesophagectomy.  (+info)

Choice and accountability in health promotion: the role of health economics. (5/4015)

Choices need to be made between competing uses of health care resources. There is debate about how these choices should be made, who should make them and the criteria upon which they should be made. Evaluation of health care is an important part of this debate. It has been suggested that the contribution of health economics to the evaluation of health promotion is limited, both because the methods and principles underlying economic evaluation are unsuited to health promotion, and because the political and cultural processes governing the health care system are more appropriate mechanisms for allocating health care resources than systematic economic analysis of the costs and benefits of different health care choices. This view misrepresents and misunderstands the contribution of health economics to the evaluation of health promotion. It overstates the undoubted methodological difficulties of evaluating health promotion. It also argues, mistakenly, that economists see economic evaluation as a substitute for the political and cultural processes governing health care, rather than an input to them. This paper argues for an economics input on grounds of efficiency, accountability and ethics, and challenges the critics of the economic approach to judge alternative mechanisms for allocating resources by the same criteria.  (+info)

Medicare HMOs: who joins and who leaves? (6/4015)

Medicare risk health maintenance organizations (HMOs) are an increasingly common alternative to fee-for-service Medicare. To date, there has been no examination of whether the HMO program is preferentially used by blacks or by persons living in lower-income areas or whether race and income are associated with reversing Medicare HMO selection. This question is important because evidence suggests that these beneficiaries receive poorer care under the fee-for-service-system than do whites and persons from wealthier areas. Medicare enrollment data from South Florida were examined for 1990 to 1993. Four overlapping groups of enrollees were examined: all age-eligible (age 65 and over) beneficiaries in 1990; all age-eligible beneficiaries in 1993; all age-eligible beneficiaries residing in South Florida during the period 1990 to 1993; and all beneficiaries who became age-eligible for Medicare benefits between 1990 and 1993. The associations between race or income and choice of Medicare option were examined by logistic regression. The association between the demographic characteristics and time staying with a particular option was examined with Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox Proportional Hazards modeling. Enrollment in Medicare risk HMOs steadily increased over the 4-year study period. In the overall Medicare population, the following statistically significant patterns of enrollment in Medicare HMOs were seen: enrollment of blacks was two times higher than that of non-blacks; enrollment decreased with age; and enrollment decreased as income level increased. For the newly eligible population, initial selection of Medicare option was strongly linked to income; race effects were weak but statistically significant. The data for disenrollment from an HMO revealed a similar demographic pattern. At 6 months, higher percentages of blacks, older beneficiaries (older than 85), and individuals from the lowest income area (less than $15,000 per year) had disenrolled. A small percentage of beneficiaries moved between HMOs and FFS plans multiple times. These data on Medicare HMO populations in South Florida, an area with a high concentration of elderly individuals and with one of the highest HMO enrollment rates in the country, indicate that enrollment into and disenrollment from Medicare risk HMOs are associated with certain demographic characteristics, specifically, black race or residence in a low-income area.  (+info)

Determinants of patient choice of medical provider: a case study in rural China. (7/4015)

This study examines the factors that influence patient choice of medical provider in the three-tier health care system in rural China: village health posts, township health centres, and county (and higher level) hospitals. The model is estimated using a multinomial logit approach applied to a sample of 1877 cases of outpatient treatment from a household survey in Shunyi county of Beijing in 1993. This represents the first effort to identify and quantify the impact of individual factors on patient choice of provider in China. The results show that relative to self-pay patients, Government and Labour Health Insurance beneficiaries are more likely to use county hospitals, while patients covered by the rural Cooperative Medical System (CMS) are more likely to use village-level facilities. In addition, high-income patients are more likely to visit county hospitals than low-income patients. The results also reveal that disease patterns have a significant impact on patient choice of provider, implying that the ongoing process of health transition will lead people to use the higher quality services offered at the county hospitals. We discuss the implications of the results for organizing health care finance and delivery in rural China to achieve efficiency and equity.  (+info)

Contraceptive needs of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic for the first time. (8/4015)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the need for, and potential uptake of, a contraceptive service within a genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic. METHODS: 544 women, median age 17 years (range 13-54) including 142 teenagers, attending the Fife GUM clinics serving a semirural population of 350,000 for the first time in the 12 month period from 1 September 1995 to 31 August 1996 were interviewed. RESULTS: Contraception was required by 353, of whom only 5% (29) were at risk of unplanned pregnancy, although half (15) of these were teenagers. 23 of 29 (79%) stated that they would access contraception at a GUM clinic if it were available. Of women using contraception, 67% (217/324) were taking the oral contraceptive pill (OCP), of whom 177 obtained supplies from their general practitioners and were happy with this. However, 92/177 (52%) stated that they would access the OCP at GUM clinics if it were available. Overall, of the 243 women who stated that they would access contraception at the GUM clinic, 23 of whom were currently at risk of an unplanned pregnancy, the demand was principally for condoms and the OCP. CONCLUSION: The majority of women attending GUM clinics for the first time are using contraception, or have deliberately chosen not to do so. Only 5% were at risk of unplanned pregnancy. In general, the women using contraception were happy with their current source of contraception, but about two thirds would use a contraceptive service at GUM clinics if it were available at the time they were attending the clinic. It was found that teenagers accounted for half of those women at risk of unwanted pregnancy. However, the majority of teenagers requiring contraception would consider obtaining it from GUM clinics.  (+info)

Gambling can also be considered a behavioral addiction, as some individuals may become so consumed by the activity that they neglect other aspects of their lives, experience financial problems, and exhibit other signs of addiction. In this context, gambling is often classified as an impulse control disorder or a substance use disorder.

In the medical field, gambling can have various effects on an individual's physical and mental health, such as:

1. Financial problems: Gambling can lead to significant financial losses, which can cause stress, anxiety, and depression.
2. Sleep disturbances: Engaging in gambling activities at night or experiencing the excitement of winning can disrupt sleep patterns and lead to insomnia or other sleep disorders.
3. Substance abuse: Gambling can sometimes be accompanied by substance abuse, as individuals may turn to drugs or alcohol to cope with their gambling problems or to enhance their gambling experience.
4. Mood disorders: Gambling can contribute to the development of mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.
5. Suicidal ideation: In extreme cases, individuals struggling with gambling addiction may experience suicidal thoughts or attempts.
6. Social problems: Gambling can strain relationships with family and friends, leading to social isolation and loneliness.
7. Physical health problems: Chronic stress and anxiety associated with gambling can contribute to various physical health problems, such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and musculoskeletal problems.
8. Cognitive impairment: Compulsive gambling can affect cognitive functioning, including attention, memory, and decision-making abilities.
9. Family dynamics: Gambling can have a significant impact on family dynamics, leading to conflicts, divorce, and financial hardship.
10. Financial consequences: Gambling can lead to significant financial problems, including debt, bankruptcy, and even criminal activity.

It's important to note that not all individuals who experience these problems will develop a gambling disorder, and that other factors such as genetics, family history, and environmental factors can contribute to the development of gambling addiction.

1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
2. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): A disorder marked by a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior toward authority figures.
3. Conduct Disorder (CD): A disorder characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the child violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms and rules.
4. Anxiety Disorders: A group of disorders that cause excessive fear, worry, or anxiety that interferes with daily life.
5. Mood Disorders: A group of disorders that affect a child's mood, causing them to feel sad, hopeless, or angry for extended periods of time.
6. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.
7. Tourette Syndrome: A neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal tic, often involving involuntary sounds or words.
8. Selective Mutism: A disorder characterized by a persistent and excessive fear of speaking in certain situations, such as school or social events.
9. Separation Anxiety Disorder: A disorder characterized by excessive and persistent anxiety related to separation from home or loved ones.
10. Disruptive Behavior Disorders: A group of disorders that include ODD, CD, and conduct disorder, which are characterized by a pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms and rules.

These disorders can be challenging to diagnose and treat, but early identification and intervention can make a significant difference in a child's outcome. It is important for parents and caregivers to seek professional help if they notice any signs of these disorders in their child.

The other view is from the moral standpoint which regards addictive behavior as an intentional choice was freely made by the ... An addictive behavior is a behavior, or a stimulus related to a behavior (e.g., sex or food), that is both rewarding and ... There are a lot of types of therapy that can help people address the addictive behaviors which they want to alter. An ... Addictions involving addictive behaviors are normally referred to as behavioral addictions. Compulsions and addictions are ...
This leads to the Rational choice theory which theories that individual behaviors are skewered to each's desire to benefit the ... or from models of individual behavior. Theories of aggregate behavior are central to macroeconomics. Aggregate behavior is the ... In economics, aggregate behavior refers to economy-wide sums of individual behavior. It involves relationships between economic ... The aim of aggregate behavior is to consolidate individual's economical behavior into a simple logical variable, so as allow an ...
Riemer, S.; Müller, C.; Virányi, Z.; Huber, L.; Range, F. (2013). "Choice of conflict resolution strategy is linked to ... It is believed that this behavior, which is most common in puppies, is training for important behaviors later in life. Play ... Serpell J, Duffy D. Dog Breeds and Their Behavior. In: Domestic Dog Cognition and Behavior. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014 ... Pet Behavior articles from the ASPCA Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dog behavior. (Pages with reference errors, Pages ...
... electoral choices was first identified by Lazarsfeld and his colleagues in The People's Choice: How the Voter Makes Up His Mind ... Networks in electoral behavior, as a part of political science, refers to the relevance of networks in forming citizens' voting ... Voters' choices are shaped through interpersonal communication networks. These horizontal networks have a stronger effect on ... Bartels, L. M. (2010). The Study of Electoral Behavior. In: Leighley, J. E. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of American Elections and ...
This is evident when it comes to elections and referendums, as voters make their choices based on the cost benefit analysis. ... Voting behavior is a form of electoral behavior. Understanding voters' behavior can explain how and why decisions were made ... electoral experience and behavior. To make inferences and predictions about behavior concerning a voting decision, certain ... shame and publicizing voting behavior". Political Behavior. 32 (3): 369-386. doi:10.1007/s11109-010-9114-0. S2CID 144606264. ...
Go, Johann J. (2020). "Structure, choice, and responsibility". Ethics & Behavior. 30 (3): 230-246. doi:10.1080/10508422.2019. ...
When decision-options appear framed as a likely gain, risk-averse choices predominate. A shift toward risk-seeking behavior ... Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman have shown that framing can affect the outcome of choice problems (i.e. the choices one makes ... riskier choices tend to result. In a study by researchers at Dartmouth Medical School, 57% of the subjects chose a medication ... The choices they then make are influenced by their creation of a frame. Framing involves social construction of a social ...
Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries writer R. S. Stansbury explained that the book is able to use simple examples to ... Gottlieb, Jeffrey D. (March 1, 2013). "Questions Left Unanswered". Ethics & Behavior. 23 (2): 163-166. doi:10.1080/ ... doi:10.5860/CHOICE.50-4929. Dzwonkowska, Dominika (March 2013). "The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and ... Stansbury, R. S. (May 2013). "Reviews: The machine question: critical perspectives on AI, robots, and ethics". Choice: Current ...
Maccarone, Alan D.; Montevecchi, W. A. (1986). "Factors affecting food choice by Grey Jays". Bird Behavior. 6 (2): 90-92. doi: ... Male Canada jays choose a nest site in a mature conifer tree; the nests are found most commonly in black spruce, with white ... Bird Behavior. 12 (1/2): 7-14. doi:10.3727/015613897797141335. Burnell, Kristi L.; Tomback, Diane F. (1985). "Steller's jays ...
Articles, a selection: Peck, Dennis L (1983). "The last moments of life: Learning to cope". Deviant Behavior. 4 (3-4): 313-332 ... Peck, Dennis L (1986). "Completed suicides: Correlates of choice of method". OMEGA: Journal of Death and Dying. 16 (4): 309-323 ... In addition to his interdisciplinary contributions in the general areas of demography, the sociology of law, deviant behavior, ...
Perez, Daniela M; Backwell, Patricia R Y (November 8, 2019). "Male spacing and female choice in a fiddler crab". Behavioral ... Collective animal behaviour is a form of social behavior involving the coordinated behavior of large groups of similar animals ... Animal Behavior 76(1): 201-215. Viscido, S.; Parrish, J.; Grunbaum, D. (2004). "Individual behavior and emergent properties of ... "Collective Animal Behavior" Princeton University Press, Princeton, ISBN 978-0-691-14843-4 Collective Animal Behavior website ...
3) Rationality requires a choice among all possible alternative behaviors. In actual behavior, only a very few of all these ... it appears probable that, however adaptive the behavior of organisms in learning and choice situations, this adaptiveness falls ... The remainder of the chapter concerns "Purposive Behavior in the Individual" and "The Integration of Behavior". As summarized ... Administrative Behavior influenced: The Forest Ranger, a Study in Administrative Behavior by Herbert Kaufman (1960).: 422 A ...
ISBN 978-0-7006-1702-9. Stone, Walter J. (1984). "Prenomination Candidate Choice and General Election Behavior: Iowa ... Vermont-Kennedy did surprisingly well in Democratic town and city caucuses on April 22 to choose delegates to the May 24 state ... From January 21 to June 3, 1980, voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for president in the 1980 United States ... Norrander, Barbara (1986). "Correlates of Vote Choice in the 1980 Presidential Primaries". Journal of Politics. 48 (1): 156-166 ...
"Mindless Behavior receives Coca Cola Viewers Choice Award". BET. "2013 Radio Disney Music Award Nominees". "BET Awards 2013 ... "News : MINDLESS BEHAVIOR ANNOUNCES THE #1 GIRL TOUR". Mindless Behavior. May 15, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2013. Archived at ... "Mindless Behavior - Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved March 11, 2013. "Mindless Behavior's ALL AROUND THE WORLD Debuts at #1 on ... Mindless Behavior: All Around the World. Mindless Behavior announced the All Around The World Tour starting in July 2013. On ...
She often chooses to mate with an alpha male, who will flank mark (a scent-marking behaviour associated with aggression and ... which is a surprising difference from behavior in the laboratory. The sleeping behavior of wild hamsters is not well understood ... Syrian hamster behavior refers to the ethology of the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus). Syrian hamsters have a sleep cycle ... CS1: long volume value, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of July 2022, Golden hamster, Behavior by type of animal, Ethology). ...
Mode choice received priority early on, but in the main today's work is not so much on theory as it is on practice. Hagerstrand ... queueing behavior, etc. (See for example Passenger behavior in Shanghai) These questions can be answered descriptively using a ... Travel behavior is the study of what people do over geography, and how people use transport. The questions studied in travel ... Today, the best source of information about travel behavior is a Household Travel Survey. In this type of data collection the ...
Evidence for female choice". Evolution and Human Behavior. 36: 73-79. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.003. Rowland, Hannah; ... "Mate Choice." Mate Choice, Cambridge University Press, 1985 Petrie, Marion; Halliday, Tim; Sanders, Carolyn (1991). "Peahens ... Halliday, T. R (1983). "The study of mate choice". In Bateson, Patrick (ed.). Mate Choice. pp. 3-32. ISBN 978-0-521-27207-0. ... have demonstrated the existence of female choice.[citation needed] Here, females chose males with long tails, and even ...
Bird, Brittany L.; Branch, Lyn C.; Miller, Deborah L. (2004). "Effects of Coastal Lighting on Foraging Behavior of Beach Mice ... Reproductive behaviour effects may involve changes in courtship and mating behaviours, mate choice, or changes in nest building ... Gore, Andrea C.; Holley, Amanda M.; Crews, David (2017). "Mate choice, sexual selection, and endocrine-disrupting chemicals". ... Pollutants, Toxicology, Problem behavior, Abnormal behaviour in animals, Ethology). ...
Evidence for female choice". Evolution and Human Behavior. 36: 73-79. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.003. Rowland, Hannah; ... resulting in conditional mate choices. Some of the conditions that may influence female mate choice include the woman's own ... Female mate choice hinges on many different coinciding male traits, and the trade-off between many of these traits must be ... Human mate choice, an aspect of sexual selection in humans, depends on a variety of factors, such as ecology, demography, ...
... not being able to freely choose when to stop or continue a behavior), continuation of the behavior despite adverse consequences ... When Cybersex Becomes the Drug of Choice". CyberPsychology & Behavior. 2 (5): 457-463. doi:10.1089/cpb.1999.2.457. ISSN 1094- ... hidden or repressed sexual behaviors, fetishes and sexual fantasies. This can feel liberating, but can also be extremely ...
One of the main purposes of females vocalizing is the induction of mate guarding behavior in males. Conversely, calls may also ... Calling signals sexual receptivity of the female and therefore affects mate choice. There are many different hypotheses as to ... The vocalizations of female elephants are also used in order to incite mate guarding behavior in the male, which manifests ... Pomerantz, S. M.; Nunez, A. A.; Bean, N. J. (1983). "Female behavior is affected by male ultrasonic vocalizations in house mice ...
TPB has improved the predictability of intention with regard to several health-related behaviors, including condom use, choice ... Who can you think of that would do behavior X? What things make it hard for you to do behavior X? If you want to do behavior X ... The theory of planned behavior suggests that people are much more likely to intend to enact certain behaviors when they feel ... It is assumed to be an immediate antecedent of behavior. It is based on attitude toward the behavior, subjective norm, and ...
Nicolò, Antonio; Yu, Yan (2008-09-01). "Strategic divide and choose" (PDF). Games and Economic Behavior. 64 (1): 268-289. doi: ... They can use the classic divide and choose procedure: Alice cuts the cake into two pieces worth exactly 1/2 in her eyes, and ... George chooses the piece that he considers more valuable. The outcome is always fair. However, the procedure is not symmetric: ...
They investigated the concept of who chooses to become a copier and discovered that risk aversion is a deciding factor. The ... Copy-trading platforms can influence behavior in a variety of ways. Their key institutional features encourage imitation both ... Members of communities who proactively signal their trustworthiness online have a powerful influence over the behavior of other ... Scharfstein, David S; Stein, Jeremy C (2000-06-01). "Herd Behavior and Investment: Reply". American Economic Review. 90 (3): ...
Wood, W.; Eagly, A. H. (2002). "A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of men and women: Implications for the origins of sex ... Simpson, J. A.; Gangestad, S. W. (1992). "Sociosexuality and romantic partner choice". Journal of Personality. 60: 31-51. doi: ... The SOI-R also allows for the separate assessment of three facets of sociosexuality: behavior, attitude and desire. Men tend to ... However, gay men are the most unrestricted in sociosexual behavior, followed by bisexual men and then, heterosexual men. This ...
Your behavior is aggressive. We have several chosen ones. We will meet again". Parravicini was back on the same sidewalk bank ... This behavior worried his father (a psychiatrist), who had his son undertake several medical tests to prove if he had an ...
Journal of Vocational Behavior. 48 (1): 3-41. doi:10.1006/jvbe.1996.0002. Holland, John (1997). Making Vocational Choices: A ... Making Vocational Choices: A Theory of Careers. (Prentice-Hall, 1973). Prediger, Dale J (December 1982). "Dimensions underlying ... Holland, John L. Making Vocational Choices: A Theory of Vocational Personalities and Work Environments (Third Edition). PAR ... L., Holland, John (1997). Making vocational choices: a theory of vocational personalities and work environments (3rd ed.). ...
Games and Economic Behavior. 14, pages 308-314, 2019. Laslier, J.-F. Interpretation of electoral mixed strategies Social Choice ... Comparison functions and choice correspondences. Social Choice and Welfare, 16: 513-532, 1999. F. Brandt, M. Brill, H. G. ... Games and Economic Behavior, 5(1):182-201, 1993. D. C. Fisher and J. Ryan. Tournament games and positive tournaments. Journal ... Probabilistic social choice based on simple voting comparisons. Review of Economic Studies, 51(4):683-692, 1984. F. Brandl, F. ...
Behavior Reviews. 4: 29-39. doi:10.3819/ccbr.2009.40003. Hanson, Anne (2012). "How do rats choose what to eat?". Rat behavior ... This behavior was initially interpreted as part of their tunnel building behavior, but it was eventually realized that they ... ISBN 978-0-8018-7416-1. Hanson, Anne (25 October 2006). "Wild Norway rat behavior". Rat behavior and biology. Retrieved 1 July ... They have interesting behaviors, but unless handled regularly they may be defensive. Gerbils are not usually aggressive, rarely ...
Transparency of ethical behavior. Of these requisites, only the first six are necessary for a regulator to be effective. The ... Intelligence to choose the best actions. Influence on the regulated system. Ethics expressed as unambiguously prioritized rules ... regulator is realized by using a third regulator to regulate a reflexive regulator to constrain it to only exhibit behavior ...
Lynch chose the name for the puppets from a fake commercial Crocco had made for one of their recordings, and Sifl & Olly were ... Often Cody will stop by the show to confirm plans with Sifl for later; usually involving hookers or other unseemly behavior. ...
In 2014, Thomas Heatherwick was chosen to design the conversion of the 1920s granary into a museum, including 80 galleries, 18 ... positive and creative as applied to all professional behavior, business procedures and relationships throughout and outside of ...
Murphy had watched a surveillance video of Lam in the hotel, in which she displayed erratic behavior just hours prior to her ... Hipes, Patrick (December 14, 2015). "Critics' Choice Awards Nominations: 'Mad Max' Leads Film; ABC, HBO, FX Networks & 'Fargo' ... "2016 Nominees & Winners". People's Choice Awards. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015. " ... Murphy insisted on chainmail gloves being used as their weapons of choice. Costume designer Lou Eyrich created the custom ...
... resulting in different choices of products and planning aspects. The introduction of smartphones and mobile applications has ... "Information technology and consumer behavior in travel and tourism: Insights from travel planning using the internet". Journal ...
Sadiku played only a half season with Elbasani, since he was banned from Albanian football due to non-sporting behavior. His ... he was seen as the third choice by manager De Biasi, ranked behind Cikalleshi and Balaj. He made his first appearance in Group ... here's why i choose Vaduz] (in Albanian). Panorama Sport. 13 January 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016. "Transferimi 'low cost', ... but Vaduz was the right choice] (in Albanian). Gazeta Shqip. Retrieved 11 February 2016. "Lugano vs. Vaduz 2 - 5". Soccerway. 6 ...
Ehrich chose a scene where Fenmore tells Jamie that Summer is the one cyberbullying him. He stated that he chose that episode " ... But I do love playing intense!" -Ehrich, describing the character's teenage angst and behavior (2013) When Ehrich first stepped ... I feel like I was hit by an electric current." He admitted that it was a "pretty easy choice" choosing which scene to submit ... the powers-that-be at Y&R chose to age Lauren and Michael's tot of a son, Fenmore, to a teenager (another victim of Soap Opera ...
He accused him of many crimes (including brigandage and blasphemy), offering him to choose between conversion to Islam or death ... Raynald's behavior during the reign of Guy of Lusignan shows that the kingdom had broken up into "a collection of semi- ...
His wife was allowed to choose the slave and the slave never gained the status of a second wife. Husbands who were away on long ... Assyrian accounts describe enemies as barbaric only in terms of their behavior, as lacking correct religious practices, and as ... Though it was not meant as a permanent royal residence, Ashur-uballit II chose Harran as his seat of power after the fall of ...
In this context, self-determination and intrinsic motivation are linked to feeling in control of one's choices and behavior and ... freedom of choice can turn into the "tyranny of choice". In this view, having too much autonomy and too many choices over our ... Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1980). Self-determination theory: When the mind mediates behavior. The Journal of Mind and Behavior ... The draft regulation introduces i.a. a catalog of prohibited AI practices that distort the behavior of the individual in a ...
... spherical Hankel functions of the first kind are chosen). Scattered fields are written in terms of a vector harmonic expansion ... than the wavelength of the scattered light there are simple and accurate approximations that suffice to describe the behavior ...
In "Sonny with a Choice", when he discovers that So Random! won the Tween Choice Awards, his ego and jealousy get the better of ... Despite this selfish and childish behavior, he has moments where he shows he is kind and deep, especially when he's around ... First appearance: "Walk a Mile in My Pants", Last appearance: "Sonny with a Choice") Chloe (Ashley Jackson) - Chloe in ... "Sonny with a Choice") Penelope (Leslie-Anne Huff) - Penelope in Mackenzie Falls. Penelope has a larger role in "Sonny with a ...
However, the vaccine is still available at no cost to Japanese women who choose to accept the vaccination. Vitamin A is ... Gastric-type mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cervix is a rare type of cancer with aggressive behavior. This type of malignancy ... "Cervical Cancer Treatment Options , Treatment Choices by Stage". Retrieved 12 September 2020. Baalbergen A, ...
McDonnell, Kathleen (2003). Not an Easy Choice: Re-Examining Abortion. Second Story Press. p. 87. ISBN 1896764657. Williams, ... women's behavior. Guttmacher viewed the IUD as an effective method of contraception for individuals in "underdeveloped areas ... Goldberg, Michelle (March 8, 2010). "Anti-Choice Doc Aims to Link Reproductive Rights to 'Black Genocide'". Religion Dispatches ... Wilt, Judith (1990). Abortion, Choice, and Contemporary Fiction: The Armageddon of the Maternal Instinct. University of Chicago ...
He had been a postmaster for decades and was a natural choice for the position. He had just returned from England and was ... This essay in praise of chess and prescribing a code of behavior for the game has been widely reprinted and translated. He and ... that the true value of a man lies in his moral behavior, not his class, and that all men can be saved. Franklin, steeped in ... the safer should be chosen." Franklin is known to have played the violin, the harp, and the guitar. He also composed music, ...
... has shown decreases in problem behaviors and internally experienced problems. This approach appears to reduce problem behaviors ... When one chooses to take them more lightly, according to HR, the mind quiets down and positive feelings emerge spontaneously. ... HR sees chemical dependency and related behaviors as a response to a lack of a sense of self-efficacy, rather than the result ... It hasn't been my experience that people can simply choose not to be negatively influenced by their past." Referring to Banks's ...
... as well as the physiology of behavior, firmly on the agenda." Upon graduating from the academy, he chose not to pursue an ... In his academy years Ukhtomsky conceived the idea to identify the natural foundations of human moral behavior, and to find the ... The theory is capable of explaining some of the fundamental aspects of behavior and mental processes of man. The Dominant ... and the overall behavior of the individual will then be determined in that direction." By "dominant" Ukhtomsky and his ...
... pursue chosen careers, etc. The majority of youths, who refused to join did so for religious reasons. While the movement was ... distribute Marxist-Leninist teachings and promote communist behavior. Membership in the FDJ was nominally voluntary. However, ...
The team struggles, entering the third period tied, until Bombay arrives and apologizes to the team for his behavior. Inspired ... The Mighty Ducks spawned a sequel and Iceland was chosen instead of Russia as enemies. The filming of the final game was the ...
The choice not to use a dual-clutch was due to the increase in weight of over 70 kg (154 lb), thus negating any advantage of ... The behavior of the flaps is managed by a dedicated control unit that is fed information from systems such as the ABS and ECU, ...
"His disgraceful behavior is now worsened by the severe potential financial penalties facing the township's taxpayer." In the ... "This sends a very strong message to those who choose to violate our sign ordinances." On June 29, the Mahwah Township Council ...
Shelley begins to demonstrate some of the same strange behavior as Elena: the chickens fear her, and she screams in pain when ... While wealthy, the couple chooses to live in a lakehouse without electricity, grow their own food, and raise chickens. Their ...
Aggressive Behavior, 34(5), 521-538. Anderson, Craig & Dill, Karen. Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior ... For players who choose such a route, the game will praise them as "Jesus" at the end of the final screen. Plants vs. Zombies: ... Game Developers Choice Awards, 2012 Game of the Year. 27 March 2013. The Top 100 Indie Games - Part 4. 2 February 2008. ... In 2015 the fan-funded indie RPG Undertale allowed players to choose whether or not to use violent methods, in a story that ...
World Bank (2003), p.3. Dreher, Axel; Kreibaum, Merle (2016-07-01). "Weapons of choice: The effect of natural resources on ... Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 151: 123-142. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2018.02.011. ISSN 0167-2681. S2CID 158700671. ... Susceptibility to this volatility can be increased where governments choose to borrow heavily in foreign currency. Real ... and populations tend to have cooperative or mutualistic behaviors. If populations have a competitive behaviour in hostile ...
Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply different from one who is leader first... The ... servant-leadership is an ethical perspective on leadership that identifies key moral behaviors that leaders must continuously ... Those who choose to follow this principle will not casually accept the authority of existing institutions. Rather, they will ... freely respond only to individuals who are chosen as leaders because they are proven and trusted as servants. To the extent ...
Yet, he chose the term "Arminianism" to distinguish the kind of Evangelicalism his followers were to espouse from that of their ... Any supposed faith that does not in fact lead to such behaviors is not genuine, saving faith." For Methodists, "true faith... ... Fowler, Robert Booth (4 April 2018). Religion and Politics in America: Faith, Culture, and Strategic Choices. Taylor & Francis ... was chosen by the presbyters from among themselves without any special form of consecration. Hinson, E. Glenn (1995). The ...
In the examination room, the examinees then had a day to write essays on six topics chosen by the test officials, and finally ... Analects of Confucius and Mencius are the basis of morality and the behavior of the sages. Your Majesty designs the curriculum ... a behavior the examiners let slide owing to the greater weighting of the first two sessions. In some cases the examinees still ... and the dynasty went on to rely on both Manchu and Han Chinese officials chosen through the system inherited with minor ...
America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change; National Research Council (2010). Advancing the ... Violation of codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in scientific research Scientists and Engineers for America - ... Powell, Michael (2021-10-20). "M.I.T.'s Choice of Lecturer Ignited Criticism. So Did Its Decision to Cancel". The New York ... Person's choice to deny psychologically uncomfortable truth Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns - Campaigns which ...
The choice between scuba and surface supplied diving equipment is based on both legal and logistical constraints. Where the ... to avoid disruption of fish behavior. Designing an adequate diffuser for a rebreather is much easier than for open-circuit ... diver requires mobility and a large range of movement, scuba is usually the choice if safety and legal constraints allow. ...
But, despite their hardships in marriage, dagongmei undoubtedly had the freedom to choose their love life without the pressure ... First-time female migrant workers were identifiable due to their simple appearance and inappropriate, mannerless behavior in ... Parental control over marriage weakened as daughters were able to take matters into their own hands and choose who they wish to ...
A large number of Russian Jews emigrated to Poland, as they were entitled by the Peace treaty of Riga to choose the country ... Holocaust survivors' views of Polish behavior during the War span a wide range, depending on their personal experiences. Some ... By 1551, Jews were given permission to choose their own Chief Rabbi. The Chief Rabbinate held power over law and finance, ... Officially, it was said that they chose to go to Israel. However, only about 4,000 actually went there; most settled throughout ...
Choice of traditional or modern treatment in West Burkina Faso  Carpentier, L.; Prazuck, T.; Vincent-Ballereau, F.; Ouédraogo ... La CIPD et ses retombées : a-t-on perdu quelque chose d essentiel? / M. Wheeler  ... Making decisions about contraceptive introduction : a guide for conducting assessments to broaden contraceptive choice and ... Providing an appropriate contraceptive method choice : what health workers need to know  ...
Choices Think Sheets , Behavioral Reflection Program is a complete social emotional learning program to run a behavioral ... Choices Think Sheets , Behavioral Reflection Program is a complete social emotional learning program to run a behavioral ... Are you struggling with student behaviors and finding a way to hold students accountable for their choices? ... Are you struggling with student behaviors and finding a way to hold students accountable for their choices? ...
This choice model simplifies to yn = β (zi − zj) + (εin − εjn). That is, a respondents choice of program is a function only of ... The choice model is the difference in utilities between program alternatives i and j. Because we observed choice rather than ... Step 2: Construct choice sets and design survey. To construct the choice sets (generally 2 or more hypothetical product or ... For each choice question, we assumed that the respondent would choose the alternative that led to higher utility (ie, value). ...
... Clifton, Kelly J. et al. "Examining consumer behavior and travel choices." ( ... Title : Examining consumer behavior and travel choices. Creator(s) : Clifton, Kelly J.;Muhs, Christopher;Morrissey, Sara; ... Other findings lend more insight into the relationship between consumer behavior and travel choices. For the non-work ... for, mode choice does not have a statistically significant impact on consumer spending at convenience stores, drinking ...
This study aimed to assess the contributions of supermarket choice and shopping behaviors to the healthfulness of purchases and ... When controlling for SES and shopping behaviors, the effect of supermarket choice was reduced but remained significant for both ... Analyses also explored extent of use within supermarket choice groups. Shopping behaviors included trip frequency, trip size, ... Conclusions Although both supermarket choice and shopping behaviors are associated with healthfulness of purchases, neither ...
By comparing these transfer behaviors, we found that 25% of the learning was attributed to the object (simply because of the ... The neural computation of inconsistent choice behavior. 05 April 2019. Vered Kurtz-David, Dotan Persitz, … Dino J. Levy ... Thus, our choice of using this initial trajectory segment to capture learning is consistent with conventions in motor control ... By comparing these transfer behaviors, we found that 25% of the learning was attributed to the object (simply because of the ...
Political beliefs matter for the behavior of institutional investors. Contrary to conventional wisdom, we show that whether a ... Political Behavior: Cognition, Psychology, & Behavior eJournal. Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this ... Behavioral & Experimental Finance (Editors Choice) eJournal. Subscribe to this free journal for more curated articles on this ... Political beliefs matter for the behavior of institutional investors. Contrary to conventional wisdom, we show that whether a ...
Start Over You searched for: Subjects Choice Behavior ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Choice Behavior Publication Year 1300 to ...
MS-13 Gang Behavior Analysis. 625 Words , 3 Pages. *. Rational Choice Theory: Understanding White Collar Crime. 110 Words , 1 ... Rational Choice Theory: Understanding White Collar Crime. 110 Words , 1 Pages. Rational choice theory is the most useful for ... Rational Choice Theory: Why Do People Commit Crimes. 912 Words , 4 Pages. Why do people commit crimes? What goes through their ... MS-13 Gang Behavior Analysis. 625 Words , 3 Pages. Gang violence and activity has arisen in the past decades, with exceeding ...
Giving Three-Year-Olds Choice and Praising Good Behavior. Article Courtesy of Health Cyber. ... One way to do the latter is to present toddlers alternatives they can choose from. For instance, let them make the choice ... abundance adhd aged tea alcholism antique tea autism Autistic Children behavior Benefits braces Bulimia bullying children ... behavior food green tea health help invisalign Jean Piaget legal life life changing Liu Bao malpractice Praising Good Behavior ...
Keeping calm and carrying on with ways to address challenging behaviors. ... Give choices.. Tell and show your child what they can do.Teach them better ways to direct their energy. If you stop your ... The more upset you are and the more attention you give a behavior, the more likely the behavior will continue. This is because ... Stop the behavior.. For example, take your childs hand-firmly but not roughly-and tell them, at eye level, "No hitting. ...
Choose a reason for hiding this comment. The reason will be displayed to describe this comment to others. Learn more. ... 8280950: RandomGenerator:NextDouble() default behavior non conformant… … after JDK-8280550 fix Reviewed-by: phh Backport-of: ...
Palavras-chave : Consumer behavior; brand choice; marketing; behavior analysis; buying behavior. · resumo em Português · texto ... Within consumer behavior analysis, the Behavioral Perspective Model (BPM) interprets consumer behavior as occurring at the ... FOXALL, Gordon R; OLIVEIRA-CASTRO, Jorge M; JAMES, Victoria K e SCHREZENMAIER, Teresa C. Consumer behavior analysis: the case ... Consumer behavior analysis can be viewed as an alternative theoretical approach that emphasizes situational variables and ...
populationhealth608Leave a Comment on Are We Individually Responsible for Our Health Behavior Choices? ... Are We Individually Responsible for Our Health Behavior Choices?. Originally posted 11/10/2010 ... To improve population health, policy and programmatic resources are needed to help make the healthy choice the easy choice - ... The concept of behavioral "choice" is often interpreted to mean individual choices independent of external (and often ...
Records show that Delvey had her four-to-12 year sentence shortened due to good behavior. She has also reportedly paid ...
An Exploration of Revealed and Stated Behavior, RAND Corporation, RR-A750-1, 2021. As of May 24, 2023: ... An Exploration of Revealed and Stated Behavior. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2021. ...
I am Roe : my life, Roe v. Wade, and freedom of choice / Norma McCorvey with Andy Meisler. by McCorvey, Norma , Meisler, Andy. ... Private choices and public health : the AIDS epidemic in an economic perspective / Thomas J. Philipson and Richard A. Posner. ... Contraceptive choice, fertility, and public policy in Zimbabwe / Duncan Thomas, John Maluccio. by Thomas, Duncan , Maluccio, ... Contraceptive method choice in Thailand : an analysis from the 1985 survey of fertility in Thailand. by Thailand. National ...
For the purposes of the survey, PASSI chose the format and response categories adapted by the original developers to the United ... and Prevalence of Behavior-Related Risk Factors, PASSI, 2013 (n = 39,463). Characteristic. Distribution, %. Behavior-Related ... Finding associations between behavior-related risk factors and poor mental health is not a new concept; however, published ... The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of various self-reported behavior-related risk factors and to study their ...
We describe steps for indoor foraging behavior simulation, dual-choice acoustic playback, and visual presentation experiments. ... Protocol for simulating foraging behavior strategy and dual-choice predatory sensory cue experiments in aerial-hawking bats. ... Protocol for simulating foraging behavior strategy and dual-choice predatory sensory cue e ... The nocturnal and cryptic nature of bats makes it difficult to determine their foraging behavior and predatory sensory cues. ...
Most importantly, system dynamics models do not clarify how time-dependent behavior is determined, which indicates a ... Behavior is the main external force supporting this strategy. It depends on the business culture and willingness to establish ... Editors Choice articles are based on recommendations by the scientific editors of MDPI journals from around the world. Editors ... A general lack of discussion about the dynamic aspect of policy impacts in all mode choice SD models was found, i.e., how ...
Corporate Behavior. .vc_custom_1613267575844{background-position: center !important;background-repeat: no-repeat !important; ... Lifestyle Choices. .vc_custom_1613267610644{background-position: center !important;background-repeat: no-repeat !important; ...
The meaning of indifference in choice behavior: asymmetries in adjustments embodied in matching. Organizational Behavior and ... The meaning of indifference in choice behavior: asymmetries in adjustments embodied in matching. In: Organizational Behavior ... The meaning of indifference in choice behavior: asymmetries in adjustments embodied in matching, Organizational Behavior and ... The meaning of indifference in choice behavior: asymmetries in adjustments embodied in matching. Organizational Behavior and ...
Opportunities To Achieve Healthy, Sustainable Food Choices in China Through Behavior Change ...
The 1-norm normalization is based on the choice axiom of Luce (1959). Taking S. =. (. T. 1. ,. T. 2. ,. T. 3. ,. T. 4. ). =. ( ... while spatiotemporal interference could explain the behavior of correct and error responses, human behavior at structural level ... Most human behavior, from the way we move our eyes or walk, dance, or speak, to abstract cultural inventions such as reading or ... We chose the square error as the loss function (quadratic loss function) to estimate the free parameters in a particular model ...
1. Complicating Choice Schrift, Rom Y. 2011 Theses BusinessConsumer behavior--Psychological aspectsConsumers--Decision making 2 ... Consumer behavior--Psychological aspectsConsumer behaviorConsumers--Decision making 3. Persistence in Consumer Search Reinholtz ... You searched for: Subject Consumer behavior--Psychological aspects ✖ Remove constraint Subject: Consumer behavior-- ... Egocentric Categorization: Self as a Reference Category in Product Judgment and Consumer Choice Weiss, Liad 2013 Theses ...
... increasing and changing choice behavior period 1997-2994. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Cover Story: SHOPPING BEHAVIOR EVOLVES AS THE PANDEMIC CONTINUES November 25, 2020 by HFBusiness Staff in Business Strategy, ... If they all had it, then price would become the competitive weapon of choice and that would diminish the products value and ...
Abu Fanis taunting and Hazizas behavior. If it was Beitar, it would have been investigated ... The referee chose not to see the behavior of the Haifa players - voila! sport. 2023-02-26T13:27:22.707Z ... The referee chose not to see the behavior of the Haifa players - voila! sport. ... "Leibovich chose not to see Sandgurens step, Abu Fanis taunting of Morozov after the expulsion, the illusory penalty and ...
... then read about how a customer behavior analysis can help your business in this post. ... How to Choose the Best Customer Data Platform (CDP) in 2023 Nov 29, 2022 ... Consumer Behaviors That Impact Service [New Data]. A great, real-life example of how consumer behaviors impact customer service ... Consumer Behavior. Customer behavior refers to an individuals buying habits, including social trends, frequency patterns, and ...
Markets and Choice * Market Behavior Open submenu: Market Behavior back Market Behavior ... Markets and Choice Open submenu: Markets and Choice back ... Markets and Choice * Digitalization and Societal Transformation ...
  • It's also recommended that you do your best to praise your child's attempts at good behavior. (
  • If you stop your child's behavior, but do not tell them what to do instead, they may keep doing the thing you want them to stop. (
  • Using your child's behavior as a clue, notice what times or interactions are stressful for your child. (
  • The behavior is also not appropriate for the child's age. (
  • These sheets can be used to help correct undesired behaviors and help students process their emotions and behavioral responses by understanding how their emotions impacted their behavior, looking at what it was that they needed, and what they can do next time they are in a similar situation. (
  • However, the observed lack of consistency between altitudes and behavior has suggested the need of investigating more thoroughly situational and behavioral variables. (
  • Within consumer behavior analysis, the Behavioral Perspective Model (BPM) interprets consumer behavior as occurring at the intersection of the individual's learning history and the consumer setting, which signals utilitarian and informational consequences associated with consumption-related responses. (
  • The concept of behavioral "choice" is often interpreted to mean individual choices independent of external (and often constraining) factors. (
  • Morill's primary conclusion about dog behavior and breed is that "mutts" or mixed-breed dogs are no more likely to have behavioral problems than purebred dogs. (
  • Making use of data from the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system PASSI (Progressi delle Aziende Sanitarie per la Salute in Italia), we describe how different behavior-related risk factors are distributed in the Italian population and examine whether their occurrence is associated with the presence of depressive symptoms. (
  • The interface of behavioral economics and implementation research (BEIR) can facilitate the development of an implementation strategy which is explicitly designed and maintained to optimize the desired behaviors (i.e., actions) with ease, efficiency, and consistency, once the desired outcome(s) and the recommended behaviors/action(s) needed to support those desired outcomes (as specified in an EBP) have been identified. (
  • Records show that Delvey had her four-to-12 year sentence shortened due to good behavior. (
  • Contraceptive method choice in Thailand : an analysis from the 1985 survey of fertility in Thailand. (
  • A Think Sheet is a very effective tool to use when a student is displaying unacceptable behaviors. (
  • Punishment also doesn't teach children what they should do instead of the unacceptable behavior. (
  • One way to do the latter is to present toddlers alternatives they can choose from. (
  • The trainees will break the barriers to assertive behavior through an awareness of culture and ethnicity and how they influence the development of self-esteem. (
  • In each adaptive behavior subdomain, begin scoring with the cluster designated for the individual's age. (
  • If the respondent has no knowledge of the individual's performance of a given behavior, write DK for Don't Know. (
  • Editor's Choice articles are based on recommendations by the scientific editors of MDPI journals from around the world. (
  • Latinos are less likely than non-Latino whites to receive diabetes self-management education (DSME), and they report worse diabetes self-care behaviors (1). (
  • When a child is shamed for behavior they cannot yet control, they will only feel worse. (
  • Feeling worse will not improve their behavior or ability to self-regulate. (
  • They were particularly interested in connections between income and behavior and wanted to determine if poor people have worse health because they have poor health behaviors - or if something else is going on. (
  • According to Morill's data, a dog's behavior is more likely to be explained by its history, development, and immediate genetics from its parents. (
  • In the present paper, as an example of the type of research inspired by the BPM, investigations on consumers' patterns of brand choice are described, which have been able to identify, among other things, how consumers' brand repertoires are formed and how brands are selected within those repertoires. (
  • Effective BEIR strategies recognize the importance of cultural context and patterns of behavior change. (
  • Cancer survivors are often highly motivated to seek information about food choices, physical activity, and dietary supplement use to improve their treatment outcomes, quality of life, and survival. (
  • Importance of food choices. (
  • It is important for children to develop an understanding and awareness of the five senses and how the senses influence and relate to food and food choices. (
  • Using a variety of collage materials children and adults will create unique masks that help build knowledge around the importance of using their five senses when making food choices. (
  • Carnival and the Master reserve the right to disembark any unfit Guest or any Guest whose behavior affects the comfort, enjoyment, safety or wellbeing of other Guests or crew members," the company writes. (
  • if it starts on the right, it affects behavior and might be mistaken for a psychiatric condition," Miller explains. (
  • Protocol for simulating foraging behavior strategy and dual-choice predatory sensory cue experiments in aerial-hawking bats. (
  • The nocturnal and cryptic nature of bats makes it difficult to determine their foraging behavior and predatory sensory cues . (
  • Macke, Nienborg Choice (-history) correlations in sensory cortex: cause or consequence? (
  • We present the results of a human fMRI study that examines how neural activity relates to observed individual differences in the discounting of future rewards during an intertemporal monetary choice task. (
  • Can serial dependencies in choices and neural activity explain choice probability? (
  • Kids who have behavior problems are at higher risk for school failure, mental health problems , and even suicide . (
  • Together with previous findings in dietary choice, these results suggest that a common set of computational and neurobiological mechanisms facilitate choices in favor of long-term reward in both settings. (
  • Not surprisingly, the findings showed that people with lower incomes tended to have more unhealthy behaviors and people with higher incomes tended to have healthier behaviors. (
  • But more importantly for this blog, the findings revealed that unhealthy behaviors are far from the only reason low income populations are at increased risk of death. (
  • These findings seem to indicate that the previously assumed link between individual dog behavior and ancestral function-what the breed may have been used for historically-is weak. (
  • This report summarizes their findings and is intended to present health care providers with the best possible information from which to help cancer survivors and their families make informed choices related to nutrition and physical activity. (
  • We found that a region of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) BA-46 was more active in trials where subjects chose delayed rewards, after controlling for the subjective value of those rewards. (
  • We also found that the connectivity from dlPFC BA-46 to a region of ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) widely associated with the computation of stimulus values, increased at the time of choice, and especially during trials in which subjects chose delayed rewards. (
  • We describe steps for indoor foraging behavior simulation, dual-choice acoustic playback, and visual presentation experiments. (
  • And some may have temporary behavior problems due to stress. (
  • Results of search for 'su:{Choice behavior. (
  • To improve population health, policy and programmatic resources are needed to help make the healthy choice the easy choice - not only with respect to health behaviors but for healthcare, employment, and education as well. (
  • how are these combined signals used to guide behavior in healthy mammalian brains? (
  • Informational consequences are social, mediated by other people, and are related to feedback upon consumers' behavior, such as social status and prestige. (
  • Although partial guidance is sometimes drawn from behavior-change theories, designing TMIs based on behavior-change theories alone is not sufficient to overcome a major challenge in TMI research: lack of sustained patient engagement (8). (
  • Cognitive theories have dominated the field ofconsumer behavior for the last decades. (
  • Research is needed to design, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of using technologies such as text messaging to provide health education to vulnerable racial and ethnic minorities and prompt their self-care behaviors (1,7). (
  • Are We Individually Responsible for Our Health Behavior Choices? (
  • Independent of health-related behaviors and other control factors, the risk of death among those in the lowest income category was 76% greater than those in the highest income category (which was similar to the risk differential between smokers and nonsmokers). (
  • To improve population health, we all need to make better health choices - but we also need to understand and remedy the economic and educational upstream factors which determine the extent to which this is possible. (
  • Private choices and public health : the AIDS epidemic in an economic perspective / Thomas J. Philipson and Richard A. Posner. (
  • Depression may increase the likelihood of adopting behaviors risky to health. (
  • The contribution of this study to the existing evidence lies not just in confirming the association between depression and behavior-related risk factors in the Italian context but also in suggesting that programs for simultaneously improving people's mental and physical health should be developed and implemented. (
  • The behaviors investigated were cigarette smoking, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, and obesity, which are major risk factors for chronic diseases and priority targets for international health promotion programs. (
  • Identify how the family influences personal health practices and behaviors. (
  • Automated text messaging can deliver self-management education to activate self-care behaviors among people with diabetes. (
  • The core of the rational choice theory can often be challenged amongst several courses of encounters, people typically do according to what they consider to result in the best inclusive outcome. (
  • These studies showed that in people with depression, those behaviors tend to occur more frequently than in the general population. (
  • We found 2 intervention features that were considered by the survey respondents to be important: 1) the frequency of text messaging and 2) physical activity behavior-change education (the former being more important than the latter). (
  • A discrete-choice experiment is a feasible way to elicit information on patient preferences for a text-messaging intervention designed to support behavior change. (
  • Therefore, a sensible approach to designing effective and engaging TMIs may be to incorporate both behavior-change theory and patient preferences. (
  • More effective implementation strategies can be developed when motivators of behavior change are understood and that information is incorporated within the implementation strategy. (
  • ️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️ ❝These are a great resource that my kids can use almost independently so they can think about their behaviors and then we can discuss what to do next. (
  • Score 0 if the individual never performs the behavior, or never performs it independently. (
  • In general, the left side of the brain is involved in language, and the right side is very involved in social behavior," says Dr. Bruce L. Miller, who directs an NIH-funded dementia center at the University of California, San Francisco. (
  • Examining consumer behavior and travel choices. (
  • This empirical study of travel choices and consumer spending across 89 businesses in the Portland metropolitan area shows there are important differences between the amounts customers spend on average at various businesses by their mode of travel. (
  • Consumer behavior analysis can be viewed as an alternative theoretical approach that emphasizes situational variables and measures of behavior. (
  • How is the pandemic influencing new consumer behaviors and choices? (
  • Before understanding the impact of trends in consumer behavior, we need to understand what factors lead and drive changes around the world. (
  • We demonstrated how a discrete-choice experiment was used to determine the features of a text-messaging intervention that are important to urban, low-income Latino patients with diabetes and that could support improvement in their physical activity behavior. (
  • This is a great way to have students reflect on their actions and make the right choices going forward. (
  • For instance, let them make the choice between two lunch options. (
  • Or they can choose a special book or toy to bring in the car to make the transition easier. (
  • BEIR studies are designed to reflect the realities of human behavior and employ heuristics, or mental shortcuts, to make decisions. (
  • The Mobile Examination Center (MEC) interview section on sexual behavior (variable name prefix SXQ) provides information on lifetime and current sexual behavior for both males and females. (
  • The sexual behavior questionnaire was self-administered in a private room in the MEC, during the MEC Interview, using the Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI) system. (
  • The sexual behavior questionnaire in 2015-2016 is the same as in 2013-2014, 2011-2012 and 2009-2010, with the exception of some very slight exceptions. (
  • Population studies investigating the association between depressive symptoms and behavior-related risk factors are lacking in Italy. (
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of various self-reported behavior-related risk factors and to study their associations with current depressive symptoms in the Italian adult general population. (
  • Population studies investigating the association between depressive symptoms and behavior-related risk factors are lacking in Italy, and this work aims to close the knowledge gap. (
  • Does Your Academic Training Destine Your Choice of Research Subject? (
  • Is smoking an individual choice? (
  • As primates, humans strongly rely on vision to guide behavior. (
  • There is widespread interest in identifying computational and neurobiological mechanisms that influence the ability to choose long-term benefits over more proximal and readily available rewards in domains such as dietary and economic choice. (
  • In successful dieters, dlPFC came on-line and exhibited increased effective connectivity with vmPFC during choices that required self-control (e.g., refusing to eat tasty, but unhealthy candy). (
  • Examining mechanisms, we show that cognitive ability increases financial participation, and discuss how education may affect decision-making through: attitudes, borrowing behavior, discount rates, risk-aversion, and the influence of coworkers and neighbors. (
  • Applying standard and two-sample instrumental variables strategies to census and credit bureau data, we provide the first precise, causal estimates of the effects of education on financial behavior. (
  • Young children are still learning the rules and how to manage their behavior. (
  • Chooses to play with other children (does not stay on the periphery or actively avoid them). (
  • Nienborg , Meyer Neuroscience needs behavior: inferring psychophysical strategy trial-by-trial. (
  • By comparing these transfer behaviors, we found that 25% of the learning was attributed to the object (simply because of the use of the same cup) and 58% of the learning was attributed to the body (simply because of the use of the same hand). (
  • Willemsen, MC & Keren, G 2003, ' The meaning of indifference in choice behavior: asymmetries in adjustments embodied in matching ', Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , vol. 90, pp. 342-359. (
  • Keeping calm and carrying on with ways to address challenging behaviors. (
  • In Becker (1968), the author outlines an optimal choice model for crime that assumes criminals are rational actors like everyone else. (
  • Monkey behavior was captured by a conjunctive coding model, whereas a chunk-based conjunctive model explained more variance in humans. (
  • But when thinking problems or unusual behavior starts to interfere with everyday activities-such as working, preparing meals, or handling finances-it's time to see a doctor. (
  • We believe the player's claims one hundred percent," Beitar said today, "It seems that the referee also chose the easy way, as he missed quite a few whistles yesterday. (
  • Follow up the Think Sheet with helping the student to learn to apologize and then use the apology note to send to the person who was hurt by the student's actions and behaviors. (
  • The incident first came to light after a TikTok user posted footage of the couple's behavior, according to Cruise Hive, a cruise news and resource site. (