Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Probability Learning: Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.Gambling: An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.Reinforcement Schedule: A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Columbidae: Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Mating Preference, Animal: The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Color Perception: Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Dopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Stereotyped Behavior: Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.Agonistic Behavior: Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.Appetitive Behavior: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Illness Behavior: Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Consummatory Behavior: An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).

Relationships between various attitudes towards self-determination in health care with special reference to an advance directive. (1/4015)

OBJECTIVES: The subject of patient self-determination in health care has gained broad interest because of the increasing number of incompetent patients. In an attempt to solve the problems related to doctors' decision making in such circumstances, advance directives have been developed. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between public attitudes towards patient autonomy and advance directives. SUBJECTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A stratified random sample of 600 adults in northern Sweden was surveyed by a questionnaire with a response rate of 78.2%. The subjects were asked about their wish for control of their health care, their concerns about health care, their treatment preferences in a life-threatening situation (both reversible and irreversible), and their attitudes towards the application of advance directives. RESULTS: Numerous relationships between various aspects of self-determination in health care (desire for control, fears of over-treatment, and choice of treatment level) in general and advance directives, in particular, were found. Those who wanted to have a say in their health care (about 94%) also mainly supported the use of an advance directive. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that almost 30% of the respondents were undecided concerning their personal use of advance directives points to a lack of knowledge and to the necessity of education of the public on these issues.  (+info)

Women patients' preferences for female or male GPs. (2/4015)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate general preferences to see a male or female GP either some or all of the time, and specific preferences to see a female primary health care (PHC) worker for individual health issues; to compare these preferences with reported consultation behaviour; and to explore women's evaluations of the quality of PHC services in relation to their preferences and consultation behaviour. METHOD: Results are reported on 881 women aged 16-65 years who had consulted their GP in the previous 6 months. Logistical regression analysis was undertaken to evaluate whether a general preference to see another woman is more important than specific women's health issues in determining why some women regularly choose to consult a female GP. RESULTS: General preference was 2.6 times more important than specific health issues in predicting choice of a female GP in a mixed-sex practice. Nearly a half (49.1 %) of women attending male-only practices stated that they wanted to see a female GP in at least some circumstances, compared with 63.8% of women in mixed-sex practices. In total, 65.5% of the sample stated that there was at least one specific health issue for which they would only want to be seen by a woman PHC worker. The most positive evaluations of the quality of GP services were made by women normally seeing a male GP in mixed-sex practices and the least positive evaluations were given by women in male-only GP practices CONCLUSIONS: In order to meet women's expressed preferences, every GP practice should have at least one female GP available at least some of the time and every GP practice should employ a female PHC worker.  (+info)

Why are workers uninsured? Employer-sponsored health insurance in 1997. (3/4015)

This study examines the number of workers in firms offering employee health plans, the number of workers eligible for such plans, and participation in employer-sponsored insurance. Data from the February 1997 Contingent Worker Supplement to the Current Population Survey indicate that 10.1 million workers are employed by firms offering insurance but are not eligible. Not all of these workers are eligible for coverage, most often because of hours of work. Our results indicate that 11.4 million workers rejected coverage when it was offered. Of those, 2.5 million workers were uninsured. Workers cited high cost of insurance most often as the primary factor for refusing coverage.  (+info)

Selection for oesophagectomy and postoperative outcome in a defined population. (4/4015)

OBJECTIVE: To measure the extent of use of, and perioperative mortality from, oesophagectomy for carcinoma of the oesophagus, and to examine the association between oesophagectomy and long term survival. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of cases of oesophageal carcinoma notified to the Thames Cancer Registry. SETTING: South East Thames and South West Thames health regions. PATIENTS: 3273 patients first registered with carcinoma of the oesophagus during 1985-9, 789 of whom were excluded because of incomplete data, leaving 2484 (75.9%) for further analysis. MAIN MEASURES: Treatment of oesophagectomy, mortality within 30 days of oesophagectomy, and duration of survival from date of diagnosis to death, according to patient and tumour characteristics. RESULTS: Oesophagectomy was performed in 571(23.0%) patients. Its use decreased with increasing age (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.935(0.925 to 0.944) per year) and was less common for tumours of the middle or upper third of the oesophagus than the lower third (0.56(0.42 to 0.75)). The proportion of patients undergoing oesophagectomy varied threefold among the 28 districts of residence. The perioperative mortality rate was 15.1(86/571) (12% to 18%); it increased with age (odds ratio 1.05(1.02 to 1.08) per year) and for tumours of the middle or upper third of the oesophagus compared with the lower third (2.52(1.31 to 4.84)). Long term survival was slightly higher for patients undergoing oesophagectomy (0.5% v 0.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite a high perioperative mortality rate patients selected for oesophagectomy showed better long term survival than those who were not, suggesting that clinical judgements used in selection were independent markers of a better prognosis. The nature of this selection needs to be more completely characterised to permit a valid evaluation of outcome of oesophagectomy.  (+info)

Choice and accountability in health promotion: the role of health economics. (5/4015)

Choices need to be made between competing uses of health care resources. There is debate about how these choices should be made, who should make them and the criteria upon which they should be made. Evaluation of health care is an important part of this debate. It has been suggested that the contribution of health economics to the evaluation of health promotion is limited, both because the methods and principles underlying economic evaluation are unsuited to health promotion, and because the political and cultural processes governing the health care system are more appropriate mechanisms for allocating health care resources than systematic economic analysis of the costs and benefits of different health care choices. This view misrepresents and misunderstands the contribution of health economics to the evaluation of health promotion. It overstates the undoubted methodological difficulties of evaluating health promotion. It also argues, mistakenly, that economists see economic evaluation as a substitute for the political and cultural processes governing health care, rather than an input to them. This paper argues for an economics input on grounds of efficiency, accountability and ethics, and challenges the critics of the economic approach to judge alternative mechanisms for allocating resources by the same criteria.  (+info)

Medicare HMOs: who joins and who leaves? (6/4015)

Medicare risk health maintenance organizations (HMOs) are an increasingly common alternative to fee-for-service Medicare. To date, there has been no examination of whether the HMO program is preferentially used by blacks or by persons living in lower-income areas or whether race and income are associated with reversing Medicare HMO selection. This question is important because evidence suggests that these beneficiaries receive poorer care under the fee-for-service-system than do whites and persons from wealthier areas. Medicare enrollment data from South Florida were examined for 1990 to 1993. Four overlapping groups of enrollees were examined: all age-eligible (age 65 and over) beneficiaries in 1990; all age-eligible beneficiaries in 1993; all age-eligible beneficiaries residing in South Florida during the period 1990 to 1993; and all beneficiaries who became age-eligible for Medicare benefits between 1990 and 1993. The associations between race or income and choice of Medicare option were examined by logistic regression. The association between the demographic characteristics and time staying with a particular option was examined with Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox Proportional Hazards modeling. Enrollment in Medicare risk HMOs steadily increased over the 4-year study period. In the overall Medicare population, the following statistically significant patterns of enrollment in Medicare HMOs were seen: enrollment of blacks was two times higher than that of non-blacks; enrollment decreased with age; and enrollment decreased as income level increased. For the newly eligible population, initial selection of Medicare option was strongly linked to income; race effects were weak but statistically significant. The data for disenrollment from an HMO revealed a similar demographic pattern. At 6 months, higher percentages of blacks, older beneficiaries (older than 85), and individuals from the lowest income area (less than $15,000 per year) had disenrolled. A small percentage of beneficiaries moved between HMOs and FFS plans multiple times. These data on Medicare HMO populations in South Florida, an area with a high concentration of elderly individuals and with one of the highest HMO enrollment rates in the country, indicate that enrollment into and disenrollment from Medicare risk HMOs are associated with certain demographic characteristics, specifically, black race or residence in a low-income area.  (+info)

Determinants of patient choice of medical provider: a case study in rural China. (7/4015)

This study examines the factors that influence patient choice of medical provider in the three-tier health care system in rural China: village health posts, township health centres, and county (and higher level) hospitals. The model is estimated using a multinomial logit approach applied to a sample of 1877 cases of outpatient treatment from a household survey in Shunyi county of Beijing in 1993. This represents the first effort to identify and quantify the impact of individual factors on patient choice of provider in China. The results show that relative to self-pay patients, Government and Labour Health Insurance beneficiaries are more likely to use county hospitals, while patients covered by the rural Cooperative Medical System (CMS) are more likely to use village-level facilities. In addition, high-income patients are more likely to visit county hospitals than low-income patients. The results also reveal that disease patterns have a significant impact on patient choice of provider, implying that the ongoing process of health transition will lead people to use the higher quality services offered at the county hospitals. We discuss the implications of the results for organizing health care finance and delivery in rural China to achieve efficiency and equity.  (+info)

Contraceptive needs of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic for the first time. (8/4015)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the need for, and potential uptake of, a contraceptive service within a genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic. METHODS: 544 women, median age 17 years (range 13-54) including 142 teenagers, attending the Fife GUM clinics serving a semirural population of 350,000 for the first time in the 12 month period from 1 September 1995 to 31 August 1996 were interviewed. RESULTS: Contraception was required by 353, of whom only 5% (29) were at risk of unplanned pregnancy, although half (15) of these were teenagers. 23 of 29 (79%) stated that they would access contraception at a GUM clinic if it were available. Of women using contraception, 67% (217/324) were taking the oral contraceptive pill (OCP), of whom 177 obtained supplies from their general practitioners and were happy with this. However, 92/177 (52%) stated that they would access the OCP at GUM clinics if it were available. Overall, of the 243 women who stated that they would access contraception at the GUM clinic, 23 of whom were currently at risk of an unplanned pregnancy, the demand was principally for condoms and the OCP. CONCLUSION: The majority of women attending GUM clinics for the first time are using contraception, or have deliberately chosen not to do so. Only 5% were at risk of unplanned pregnancy. In general, the women using contraception were happy with their current source of contraception, but about two thirds would use a contraceptive service at GUM clinics if it were available at the time they were attending the clinic. It was found that teenagers accounted for half of those women at risk of unwanted pregnancy. However, the majority of teenagers requiring contraception would consider obtaining it from GUM clinics.  (+info)

*Lifestyle brand

Ainslie, A.; Rosii, P. E. (1998). "Similarities in choice behavior across product categories". Marketing Science. 17 (2): 91- ... Consumers are known to choose a brand that is acceptable to their self-image that they are trying to portray. This has left ... Lifestyle brands operate off the idea that each individual has an identity based on their choices, experiences, and background ... Choi, E.; Kim, M. (2003). "Comparison of consumers' apparel purchasing behavior in the Internet retail, shopping mall, and ...

*Social science

Sociologists often blame the System for immoral behavior. Socio-biologists tend to assume limited choice behavior. All this, ... Rational choice theory is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behaviour. Social ... The classic brief definition of economics, set out by Lionel Robbins in 1932, is "the science which studies human behavior as a ... Social sciences are criticized for neglecting the moral element of human behavior. Economists tend to focus on self-interest. ...

*R. Duncan Luce

doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1958-10180-9. May, Kenneth O. (1960). "Review: Individual Choice Behavior: A Theoretical Analysis by R. ... Paperback reprint, Dover, New York Luce, R. Duncan (1959). Individual choice behavior: a theoretical analysis. New York: Wiley ... Patrick Suppes, in Choice, Decision and Measurement (A. A. J. Marley, ed.), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997, pp. 103-109. ... A Lifetime of Calculating Choices Archived 2006-08-21 at Archive.is. Stephanie Bowen, The Social Science Journal, UC Irvine, ...

*Two-alternative forced choice

"Probabilistically reinforced choice behavior in pigeons". Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 9 (4): 443-455. doi ... Choice modelling Choice set Julian Rotter Fechner, Gustav Theodor (1889). Elemente der Psychophysik (2 Volumes) (2nd ed.). ... Two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) is a method for measuring the subjective experience of a person or animal through their ... The amount of juice reward is then varied to modulate choice. In a different application, the 2AFC is designed to test ...

*Luce's choice axiom

Scholarpedia article Luce's Choice Axiom Luce, R. D. (1959). Individual Choice Behavior: A Theoretical Analysis. New York: ... The axiom is often encountered in economics, where it can be used to model a consumer's tendency to choose one brand of product ... In probability theory, Luce's choice axiom, formulated by R. Duncan Luce (1959), states that the probability of selecting one ... ISBN 0-486-44136-9. Luce, R. D. (1977). "The choice axiom after twenty years" (PDF). Journal of Mathematical Psychology. 15 (3 ...

*Context effect

... s can influence consumers' choice behavior. There are three main context effects that are researched in marketing ... The middle choice seems like a good compromise between choices that may be viewed as too extreme. For example, if there are ... The first, the compromise effect, states that objects that are priced in the middle of choice sets are looked on more favorably ... The similarity effect, the third contextual effect on consumers' behavior, states that an item will hurt a similar item more in ...

*Attribution (marketing)

McFadden, D. (1972-01-01). "CONDITIONAL LOGIT ANALYSIS OF QUALITATIVE CHOICE BEHAVIOR". WORKING PAPER INSTITUTE OF URBAN AND ... of understanding of what combination of events in what particular order influence individuals to engage in a desired behavior, ...

*Vladimir J. Konečni

Breckler, S. J., Allen, R. B., & Konečni, V. J. (1985). Mood-optimizing strategies in aesthetic-choice behavior. Music ... Cognitive processes in choice and decision behavior (pp. 21-45). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Konečni, V. J., & ... Law and Human Behavior, 3, 39-70. Ebbesen, E. B., & Konečni, V. J. (1980). On the external validity of decision-making research ... Konečni, V. J. (2010). The influence of affect on music choice. In P. N. Juslin & J. A. Sloboda (Eds.), Handbook of music and ...

*Self-efficacy

Betz, Nancy E.; Hackett, Gail (1986). "Applications of Self-Efficacy Theory to Understanding Career Choice Behavior". Journal ... manifesting in behaviors such as making excuses for bad behavior, avoiding responsibility for consequences, and blaming the ... "Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans". American Journal of Health Behavior. 33 (5): 521- ... Choices affecting health, such as smoking, physical exercise, dieting, condom use, dental hygiene, seat belt use, and breast ...

*Land-use forecasting

Inquiry into how micro choice behavior yields macro results. The Herbert-Stevens model was not a behavioral model in the sense ... It did assume rational, maximizing behavior by locators. But that was attached to macro behavior and policy by assumed some ... Treated land as the constraining resource and land-use choices given land rent variations as the critical behavior. Imagined ... Similar to the 1961 Stevens paper, the model assumed that individual choices would lead to overall optimization. The P-J region ...

*Subliminal stimuli

... on choice behavior for a drink, authors found no evidence for a manipulative effect. A study investigated the effects on self- ... The objective threshold is found using a forced choice procedure, in which participants must choose which stimulus they saw ... "Is there an effect of subliminal messages in music on choice behavior?". Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis ... Participants must choose an answer in this design. The objective threshold is obtained when participants are at chance level of ...

*Risk aversion (psychology)

... a neuroimaging study of choice behavior". Nature Neuroscience. 8 (9): 1255-1262. doi:10.1038/nn1514. PMID 16116457. CS1 maint: ... Consider the choice between a prospect that offers an 85% chance to win $1000 (with a 15% chance to win nothing) and the ... In contrast to EUT, PT is posited as an alternative theory of choice, in which value is assigned to gains and losses rather ... Risk-averse behaviors are the culmination of several neural correlates. While avoiding negative stimuli, perceived or real, is ...

*Karl von Frisch

Backhaus, W. (1993). "Color vision and color choice behavior of the honey bee". Apidologie. 24: 309-331. doi:10.1051/apido: ...

*Regret

... but did not use the regret to guide their choice in behavior. There was no lack of regret but a problem to think through a ... a neuroimaging study of choice behavior". Nat Neurosci. 8 (9): 1255-62. doi:10.1038/nn1514. PMID 16116457. Coricelli, G; Dolan ... "a profound desire to go back and change a past experience in which one has failed to choose consciously or has made a choice ... With a lost opportunity regret should intensify, not diminish, when people feel that they could have made better choices in the ...

*Attitude-toward-the-ad models

This is supported by a study in which immediate surrounding commercials have an influence on people choice behavior without ... Gom, G. J. (1982). The effects of music in advertising on choice behavior: A classical conditioning approach. Journal of ... Shimp, T. A. (1981). Attitude toward the ad as a mediator of consumer brand choice. Journal of Advertising, 10 (2), 9-15. ... Cognitions act as antecedents of attitudes, and then behavior effects (e.g. purchase intention) are followed. For example, in ...

*Well travelled road effect

Jackson, W. Burke; Jucker, James V. (1982). "An Empirical Study of Travel Time Variability and Travel Choice Behavior". ...

*Mode choice

Behavior enters because the theory made use of consumer behavior concepts from economics and parts of choice behavior concepts ... Luce's choice axioms discussed in his Individual Choice Behavior, 1959). It has an analytic side in computational process ... it stresses not the choice but the way the choice was made. It provides a conceptual framework for travel choices and agendas ... Luce, Duncan R. (1959). Individual choice behavior, a theoretical analysis. New York, Wiley. Newell, A. and Simon, H. A. (1972 ...

*Rational choice theory (criminology)

People (freely) choose behavior, both conforming and deviant, based on their rational calculations. The central element of ... Journal of economic behavior and organization, 38, 135-144. Keel, R. O. (1997). Rational Choice and Deterrence Theory. [2] ... Choice, with all other conditions equal, will be directed towards the maximization of individual pleasure. Choice can be ... Since rational choice can explain many different components; it is broad enough to be applied not only to crime but everyday ...

*Media richness theory

... he or she may choose a richer medium instead of a more efficient medium. This behavior outcome, through irrational, is ... "Information richness: a new approach to managerial behavior and organizational design". Research in organizational behavior. ... The role of individual differences in media choice behavior". Management Communication Quarterly. 4 (2). ... In fact, media choice is complex and in general even if a rich media is considered to be the "best" to communicate a message, a ...

*Clifford Winston

97 (5). Train, Kenneth E. (November 2007). "Vehicle Choice Behavior and the Declining Market Share of U.S. Automakers" (PDF). ...

*Jon Krosnick

Krosnick has studied the psychology of attitudes, voter choice behavior, and public opinion on global warming. He has been a co ... One is called a primacy effect, which is the tendency to choose the items at the beginning of a list of options, and the other ... The effect was stronger in races where the voters had no clear a priori choice. While this effect has been known for more than ... Another study found such studies could not be used to compare how a group's behavior or attitude changed over time, or how ...

*Society for Computers in Psychology

"Computational cognitive modeling of adaptive choice behavior in a dynamic decision paradigm." Michael Jones, Queen's University ... Christopher R. Wolfe documented the history of the Society for Computers in Psychology in Behavior Research Methods: SCiP ... Behavior Research Methods & Instruments 22 (2): 94-97 Wolfe, Christopher R. (2006) SCiP at 35: An idiosyncratic history of the ... Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation 23 (2), 106-108 Sidowski, Joseph B. (1990) Past, Present, and Future of the Society ...

*Leona E. Tyler

She applied her theory of possibilities to the choice behavior of scientists in Thinking Creatively in 1983. This suggested ... This research led to the study of how choices organized peoples' lives. She developed the Choice Pattern Technique, that ... Her work in the Choice Pattern Technique was included in The Work of the Counselor. In 1947, she wrote The Psychology of Human ... She focused on the construct of organized choices in the late 1950s. Her concerns about vocational interests led to a ...

*Daniel McFadden

In 1964 McFadden joined the faculty of UC Berkeley, focusing his research on choice behavior and the problem of linking ... Conditional Logic Analysis of Qualitative Choice Behavior "Nobel Winner, Dr. McFadden, Appointed Presidential Professor at USC ... McFadden's share of the prize was "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice". He is the ... looking specifically at how consumers make choices about health insurance and medical services. List of economists "The ...

*Primary consciousness

... an organism is consciously aware of something in the world if it can discriminate it with choice behavior. Signal detection ... In this method, subjects make a first-order discrimination (i.e. a choice) and then place a wager regarding the outcome of the ... It remains to be seen whether the enactment of dream behaviors uses the same brain processes as those that mediate those very ... Epilepsy & Behavior, 4(3), 279-285. Edelman, G. (2003). Naturalizing consciousness: a theoretical framework. Proceedings of the ...

*Jochen Zeitz

In 2014, Thomas Heatherwick was chosen to design the conversion of the 1920s granary into a museum, including 80 galleries, 18 ... positive and creative as applied to all professional behavior, business procedures and relationships throughout and outside of ...
Abstract: In this paper we derive locally optimal designs for discrete choice experiments. As in Kanninen (2002) we consider a multinomial logistic model, which contains various ualitative attributes as well as a quantitative one, which may range over a sufficiently large region. The derived optimal designs improve upon those given in the literature, but have the feature that every choice set contains alternatives, which coincide in all but the quantitative attributes. The multinomial logistic model may then lead to an unrealistic response behavior, if the quantitative attribute is described by a price variable.. Keywords: conjoint analysis, discrete choice experiment, multinomial logistic model, locally optimal design. ...
This paper outlines the methods and applications related to the nascent area of empirical discrete games in marketing. Many key strategic decisions firms make involve discrete choices such as deciding
SAN FRANCISCO, June 7 /PRNewswire/ -- Pacific Urology Doctor Wins 2nd Patients Choice Award. Independent online patient reviews determine which physicians...
Based on examination of variation of practice patterns in the Dartmouth Atlas, John Wennberg, M.D. has suggested three general approaches to reduce inappropriate variation and increase the equity of medical care: increase the amount of effective care, reduce supply sensitive care and increase preference sensitive care [32]. The underuse of DMARDs by patients with RA, is an example of underutilization of effective care. This may be explained by healthcare system failures, individual physician behavior, or in some cases subsets of patients who are informed but elect not to take medications recommended in national standards of care. A recent computer based, simulated decision, discrete choice experiment of 144 RA patients preferences of specific risks and benefits of treatment found that when compared to white adults with RA, African American RA patients were more likely to be classified as risk averse (OR 8.4 [3.1-23.1]) [33]. In general, it is unknown if risk aversion is an inherent culturally ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Increasingly, health economists are required to work across sectors when evaluating options for improving health, health care and well-being. Social care is a key sector which is both influenced by and influences the use and outcomes of health services. This paper reports on a developing approach to measuring social care outcome, designed to reflect outcomes across client groups. In this process it is important that we reflect the relative importance or value of these domains of outcome. This paper reports on a pilot study that investigated the feasibility of using discrete choice experiments to identify a financial willingness to accept valuation of a large number of domains and investigated factors associated with variations in respondents preferences. We conclude that, while the domains themselves need further work, the approach provides a helpful starting point in the difficult issue of reflecting population preferences for a large number of social care outcome
There are two salient facts about health care in low and middle-income countries; 1) the private sector plays an important role and 2) the care provided is often of poor quality. Despite these facts we know little about what drives quality of care in the private sector and why patients continue to seek care from poor quality providers. We use two field studies in India that provide unique insight into this issue. First, we use a discrete choice experiment to show that patients are willing to pay higher prices for better technical quality (defined by correct treatment and correct diagnosis). Second, we use standardized patients to show that private providers who provide better technical quality are not able to charge higher prices. Instead providers are able to charge higher prices for elements of quality that the patient can observe (good patient interactions and more effort), which are less important for health outcomes. Taken together, this research highlights a market inefficiency and ...
Lucas DialAltEnglish 11110 January, 2018The Other Wes Moore The Other Wes Moore is a story of two different lives, but with the same name, and how their journeys have been shaped by their decisions in the past. Through the book, there are many recurring themes. An individuals choices has consequences, Discipline and violence, and family influence are all common themes shown by author Wes moore throughout the book, shining light on each of their life journeys.One common theme throughout the book is that, an Individuals choice has consequences. This theme is shown throughout the book from multiple devices and situations such as Imagery, narrative reflection, and external conflict. Imagery is a strong device used by many authors to visually describe a literary work. In the other Wes Moore, imagery is used to support the theme of an individuals choices have consequences. "Once the boys in East Baltimore heard that a west Baltimore guy was attempting to take over their corner, tempers flared. Tony ...
Consumer retail trends. How customer choices are changing. How workplace motivation is changing. Future marketing, management and leadership. Future will be driven by emotion - take hold of your future! Conference keynote speaker tutorial of Convergence and divergence in technology. course by Prof Patrick Dixon of Online Tutorials. You can download the course for FREE !
Usually only KEY1= is needed for an MCQ scoring key.. Up to 99 keys can be provided for scoring the response choices, with control variables KEY1= through KEY99=. Usually KEY1= is a character string of correct response choices. The standard is one column per correct response, or two columns if XWIDE=2.. As standard, responses matching the characters in KEY1= are scored 1. Other valid responses are scored 0. KEY2= through KEY99= are character strings of successively more correct response choices to be used when more than one level of correct response choice is possible for one or more items. The standard score value for KEY2= is 2, and so on up to the standard score value for KEY99= which is 99. The values assigned to these keys can be changed by means of KEYSCR=. If XWIDE=1, only the values assigned to KEY1= through KEY9= can be changed, KEY10= through KEY99= retain their standard values of 10 through 99. If XWIDE=2, the all KEYn= values can be changed.. More complicated scoring can be done ...
Almost one half (49%) of co-ed state-funded schools across England are strengthening gender imbalances in terms of subject choice while fewer than one in five (19%) are countering them.
Some of the highly controversial questions in macroeconomics critically hinge on the value of a single parameter of consumer preference--the elasticity of intertemporal substitution. This paper provides new estimates of this parameter for individual G-7 and a panel of twenty OECD countries. We find that single equation GMM estimates are typically small and imprecise, consistent with Halls (1988) finding from the U.S. data. Estimation of a system of equations that takes into account the cross-equation restrictions implied by theory, however, generally gives larger and better determined values for the parameter. The panel procedure also yields relatively large estimates. Overall our multi-country results contradict the hypothesis of zero intertemporal substitution.
The neural mechanisms underlying the selection and initiation of voluntary actions in the absence of external instructions are poorly understood. These mechanisms are usually investigated using a paradigm where different movement choices are self-generated by a participant on each trial. These free choices are compared with instructed choices, in which a stimulus informs subjects which action to make on each trial. Here, we introduce a novel paradigm to investigate these modes of action selection, by measuring brain processes evoked by an instruction to either reverse or maintain free and instructed choices in the period before a go signal. An unpredictable instruction to change a response plan had different effects on free and instructed choices. In instructed trials, change cues evoked a larger P300 than no-change cues, leading to a significant interaction of choice and change condition. Free-choice trials displayed a trend toward the opposite pattern. These results suggest a difference between
Prolonged waiting times for elective treatment have long been considered a serious problem of the Norwegian health care system. Overall waiting times have, due to both supply and demand reforms, dropped significantly over recent years. Despite the positive development, many patients still face substantial waiting times. The analysis provides support for claiming that a policy of combining patient choice of hospital with the removal of geographical restrictions on referrals may contribute to the reduction in waiting times for individual elective patients. The main results of the empirical analyses were found to be robust over different statistical model specifications. Patients who chose to move hospitals benefit the most. They spend about 11 weeks less, on average, waiting for hospital treatment than those who neither chose nor moved. The results corroborate with the results of a few previous empirical analyses, like The London Patient Choice Project. There, a reduction in waiting times for all ...
This article reexamines evidence that some 5O% of disposable income goes to households who simply consume their current incomes. Previous studies of such rule-of-thumb behavior have typically used log-linear Euler equations and have not distinguished between intertemporal substitution and relative risk aversion. In contrast, I use generalized method of moments to estimate the importance of rule-of-thumb behavior and separate intertemporal substitution from risk aversion by using the Epstein-Zin utility function. Using postwar U.S. data, I cannot reject the hypothesis that all income goes to permanent-income households--that is, that there are no rule-of-thumb households.
One of these is precisely what explained binary choices are. Binary alternate options bring a very high amount of hazards when it comes to predicting the expense of a house at a supplied element in time. Binary alternate options are merely two in general: the money-or-nothing choice as well as the tool-or-absolutely nothing choice. The entire year 2008 was actually a modifying aspect in the background of repaired profit possibilities. Undoubtedly from that time binary selections online-web sites showed up as well as auctioned directly into step up change-dealt all-or-absolutely nothing choices. This development was quick since it was within the mindset from the Securities and also Exchange Commission (SEC)s selection to allow the list of income-or-practically nothing set up comes back selections. This was a result of the proposal in the Options Eradicating Business in 2007 to include binary choices in its regulations.. Complying with all the SECs phase the Us Offer Change journeyed full span ...
Probability and statistics are not dependent on an individuals choice. Its dependent on the population. The population in this case would be the cars that drive on that stretch of highway. This determines the probability of getting into an accident. So an individuals can choose whether to drive on the highway or do things like wear a seat belt or drive at a certain speed. The probability of an accident occurring isnt the function of individual choice but of the population or the event thats occurring. This illustrates free will beautifully which reaches down to Planck scales. So probability isnt interfered with because its a function of the population. If 50% of the cars stopped driving on that highway that wouldnt interfere with probability that would just change the statistics because theres a decrease in the population for the event ...
Consistent with the results of the Bechara study, our subjects gradually concentrated their choices on deck B (Fig. 2). The beginning phase of the task was an exploratory period in which both populations sampled each deck equally. For the next 20 draws subjects shifted towards deck B drawing on average 8 of the 20 cards from deck A. In the final 10 draws both groups largely abandoned deck A: on average the younger subjects chose deck A two times of 10 and the older subjects chose deck A three times of 10. In summary both populations appear to have adapted the same way to the payoffs.... ...
During the course, you will be able to access course materials electronically using the University Wifi. We suggest that you bring a laptop or tablet with PDF viewer if you wish to refer to the notes during the course. Please ensure that you make sure your electronic device is fully charged, as access to charging points may be limited within the lecture rooms.. ...
There also exist problems with the studys design (given the conclusions of the media). Since participants were automatically supplied with drugs on "sample" days, we cannot make any solid deductions about whether the same results would be garnered in periods of abstinence. Also, given that many of the participants may have been occasional users, a hit of meth every few days may have been ample, meaning the only real option to go for would have been money anyway. This also means that the employed strategy of many may have been to sequester funds for purchase of drugs after the experiment was over. However, this is unlikely to have been the case - at least if the plan was to spend the monetary rewards on meth. The values of the drug and monetary rewards over the course of the study were well matched ($60-$80 and $100, respectively), and given the average dose of meth (250mg) will set you back around $80 on the streets of New York (the studys location), the participants would receive the same ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
This was also shown to be the case for the multinomial logit model. Thus, for the conditional and multinomial logit models, the ratio of probabilities of any two alternatives is necessarily the same regardless of what other alternatives are in the choice set or what the characteristics of the other alternatives are. This is referred to as the IIA property. The IIA property is useful from the point of view of estimation and forecasting. For example, it allows the prediction of demand for currently unavailable alternatives. If the IIA property is appropriate for the choice situation being considered, then estimation can be based on the set of currently available alternatives and then the estimated model can be used to calculate the probability that an individual would choose a new alternative not considered in the estimation procedure. However, the IIA property is restrictive from the point of view of choice behavior. Models that display the IIA property predict that a change in the attributes of ...
The candidates will then be called according to the session rank before the terminal for counselling. The candidates can now choose a seat from the available seats. They can make three choices. Based upon the session rank, choices will be confirmed. The candidates are encouraged to have at least a list of 5-10 choices either college wise or branch of study wise. The choice may be made by visiting the particular college and getting feedback from the faculty and students of the respective preferred college. Moreover, those choices may become unavailable on the respective candidates counselling day due to some other higher ranked candidate opting for it. Therefore, the candidate has to keep track of the availability, posted on the TNEA website after every counselling session. Even on the day of counselling, the choices of a particular candidate may not be available, in which case, the candidate may track and re-prioritise his choices by monitoring the LIVE displays at the TNEA venue ...
We all have busy lives, and as such sometimes spend too much time resting. The truth is the choices we make and the time we spend sedentary is literally killing us - and our children.
Background/Rationale: It is important that individuals with serious mental illness have access to treatments that meet their preferences, and that they make informed choices among alternative treatments. Too often, preferences are not being routinely elicited, nor used to guide which treatments are made available. Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that is common and produces substantial disability when poorly treated. National treatment guidelines specify that individuals with schizophrenia should receive evidence-based treatments that improve outcomes. For example, obesity is a pressing problem in this population, a side-effect of commonly used medications, and a cause of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. There are multiple, different psychosocial interventions for weight management that can lead to reduced weight. None are widely used. If individuals preferences were routinely assessed, then clinicians and managers would know when to make alternative treatments ...
Results Respondents expressed preferences for improvements on all programme characteristics. They were willing to give up 0.09 (95% CI 0.08 to 0.09) lives saved per 1000 screened to avoid one individual being over treated. Similarly, respondents were willing to give up 1.22 (95% CI 0.90 to 1.55) or 5.21 (95% CI 4.78 to 5.67) lives saved per 1000 screened to upgrade the location from general practice to a hospital or to a high-tech hospital, respectively. Subgroup analysis revealed important preference heterogeneity with respect to smoking status, level of health literacy and self-perceived risk of cardiovascular disease. ...
My question is...How long did the patient wait with this fever before seeking medical attention? Was this fever of 106 in an adult?(Which would have fried her brain) and does your daugter not have a primary care doctor she could have seen in the week prior? I work at an ER and am amazed at the people who come in after weeks of being sick and want us to fix them right there and then when not bothering to go to a doctors office, clinic, ect...for the weeks previous of being sick. The ER is not a place for the flu. It is not a place to bring your child for clinic illness. It is a place for emergencies!!! Broken, sprained, trauma, blood loss, motor vehicle accidents, heart attacks, strokes....the use of the ER as a clinic takes up space for a true emergency. Costs thousands of dollars to the public bc more often than not the patient has no insurance or TNCARE which will not pay for an ER visit if not an emergency, although we cannot turn these patients away so the public and hospital eats the bill. ...
The present study investigated the impact of product-related attention on neural predictors of consumer choices. Activation patterns in the insula and the mPFC were found to predict these choices under high and low attention processing (Fig. 2). Thus, a close match of predictive brain regions was revealed independent of spatial attention to products. This demonstrates that processing of unattended stimuli can proceed beyond object processing (Peelen et al., 2009) to a stage that even allows the prediction of consumer choices. Importantly, the amount of predictive information in these areas was comparably as high when task-irrelevant products were presented outside the focus of attention as when they were actively evaluated and attended to. Congruent with the notion of unconscious environmental triggers for automatic processes in consumer settings (Chartrand, 2005), this indicates that a prediction of economic choices from brain responses does not necessarily depend on attentive processing of ...
Shelly Coe, Jo Cossington, Johnny Collett, Andrew Soundy, Hooshang Izadi, Martin Ovington, Luke Durkin, Maja Kirsten, Miriam Clegg, Ana Cavey, Derick T Wade, Jacqueline Palace, Gabriele C DeLuca, Kim Chapman, Jane-Marie Harrison, Elizabeth Buckingham, Helen Dawes ...
Model estimates future market penetration of advanced or alternative vehicle technologies based on vehicle and fuel attributes, including price
One person tweeted that either you got the right answer or you didnt, so it was fifty/fifty. Clearly not very helpful, but having said that, in this case there is a trick answer relying on this idea. The original question didnt say that we pick an answer uniformly at random - we could choose answer B half the time, answer C the other half of the time, and answers A and D not at all. Then the right answer is 50%, and that works. Similar "uneven" choices can be made to work in the other cases, and its interesting (and difficult) to explore the possibilities. Ill leave it as an exercise for the interested reader to find distributions that make any given answer "right." Theres even a way to make three of the options right all at the same time, although that really doesnt sound right at all! It works, although some people feel that its cheating, and somehow wrong, not to choose among the options with equal probabilities. So heres another answer. Since none of the options seem to work, then ...
Dr. Proffitt responded: Reality Check. Why are you a very busy guy? It is usually by choice. Insight into why you are very busy, making choices that are necessary vs optional & lifestyle choices are important. The body needs what the body needs and the brain needs rest. 4 hours is not enough for most people. 7-8 hours is optimum. See what happens to low batteries, they run out, die & leak gooey stuff on everything around. Stop it!
Due in part to the rise in the worldwide incidence of obesity and diabetes, the molecular mechanisms regulating feeding behavior have received much attention. H...
Principal Investigator:HASEGAWA Toshikazu, Project Period (FY):1993 - 1994, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C), Research Field:実験系心理学
University of California, San Diego. Edmund Fantino was professor of psychology at the University of California, San Diego. He published his first paper in JEAB in 1967, and went on to publish more than 70 papers in that journal. His research was focused on both animal and human choice and decision-making, and his empirical and theoretical contributions have been considerable. He published many analyses of the base-rate error, and his theory of choice (the delay-reduction hypothesis) was published in 1971 and is still the subject of extensive research. He was the author, with Cheryl A. Logan, of The Experimental Analysis of Behavior: A Biological Perspective, which was extensively used as a teaching text. Many of his students have become important contributors to our science.. ...
Durham, C. A., C. A. Roheim and I. Pardoe. (2012). Picking apples: Can multi-attribute ecolabels compete? Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization 10(1), online. PDF paper. Pardoe, I. (2008). Modeling home prices using realtor data. Journal of Statistics Education 16(2), online. HTML abstract, HTML paper, PDF paper. Data. Pardoe, I. and D. K. Simonton (2008). Applying discrete choice models…
Compared with nursing home care, community care, which is often viewed in Canada as care at home, is assumed to be best for older adults with chronic disease or disabilities since it is seen as client-focused and less costly. As the number of frail seniors living in the community increases, governments in Canada seek to provide alternate models of nursing home care. As part of a larger initiative meant to increase the scope of community programmes, a demonstration project was conducted in western Canada to evaluate the implementation of client-centred, community-based residential care with individuals requiring nursing-home-level care. The present authors explore two main implementation challenges: whether care that is responsive to individual preferences can be provided to people who cannot assume active decision-making roles; and whether care can be centred in the community if people are living in residential care settings rather than in their own homes. Focus groups were conducted with two ...
The second way to avoid this is with a sliding window approach, which is what I use in Unangband for developing abilities for familiars. A sliding window allows you at best only a subset of choices at any particular time, and periodically the window slides, so that early choices are no longer available, and later choices become available. With familiars, you can choose a new ability every two levels, and every four levels the window slides 10 abilities further on into the list of possible abilities. Since the window is also 10 abilities big (but in general does not have to be the same size as the slide distance), effectively you can choose 2 abilities out of 10 different abilities every four levels. This gives you approximately (10*9)^12 choices over the course of the game, at the cost of designing 120 different familiar abilities and putting them in an approximate order of power ...
Our website is setup to ship U.S. domestic and international as well.. UPS Ground shipping is currently our only available option for U.S. Domestic orders. For orders to be shipped 3 Day Select, 2nd Day Air, 2nd Day Air AM, Next Day Air, Next Day Air Saver or Next Day Air Early AM please call 1-800-525-5614.. UPS Worldwide Expedited shipping is currently our only available option for international orders. Taxes, duties and other fees not included in shipping fees.. Most orders ship within two business days after your credit card is verified.. Tax exempt: ...
Our website is setup to ship U.S. domestic and international as well.. UPS Ground shipping is currently our only available option for U.S. Domestic orders. For orders to be shipped 3 Day Select, 2nd Day Air, 2nd Day Air AM, Next Day Air, Next Day Air Saver or Next Day Air Early AM please call 1-800-525-5614.. UPS Worldwide Expedited shipping is currently our only available option for international orders. Taxes, duties and other fees not included in shipping fees.. Most orders ship within two business days after your credit card is verified.. Tax exempt: ...
DO YOU constantly worry about how your partners lifestyle choices may be affecting their health? Your fears may be more common than you think.
While any possibility of a cure for Alzheimers is several years away, lifestyle choices may affect your risk of contracting it, says Jerome Burne.
Cholesterol is essential to your health. Simple lifestyle choices may reduce your risk for heart disease without the additional health risks.
Thanks to an ever diversifying market, our consumer choices are supposed to reveal precisely what we prefer. But is all this choice overwhelming our personal preferences and sweeping us up into futile overconsumption?
Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have captured thousands of progenitor cells of the pancreas on video. They have filmed the cells making decisions to both divide and expand the organ or to specialize into the endocrine cells that regulate our blood sugar levels. The new study reveals that stem cells behave as people in a society, making individual choices but with enough interactions to bring them to their end-goal.
A recent proposal by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg looks to ban the sale of sodas and other sugary drinks over 16 ounces at city food establishments. The proposal has many questioning whether New York has gone too far with so-called Nanny State laws that are overprotective or interfere too much with individual choice. However, Bloomberg is not the only local politician to propose laws like this. Check out the list.
Last night Firefox commandeered my laptop, which was asleep, chucked all my open tabs and dox, installed Firefox 3.0.1 (which I was postponing until Id researched the implications of the new version) and this morning I find this new iGoogle with the obtrusive left nav. Usually Google is good enough to allow opting out. But this time users are strong-armed and thereby strips away the dignity of individual choice from being an iGoogle user. "You VILL submit to the new iGoogle!" Not cool. Dont wanna. Dont like it. Too crowded. A feature that I dont need, want, ask for, value, appreciate. I agree with the commenter above me, and many others. If were not afforded a straightforward way to opt out of the new feature I am abandoning ship, and taking others with me. I am a user experience advocate by profession. And both for technical and philosophical reasons I reject this whole iGoogle endeavor. And Google should not be rewarded for creating a situation that makes people feel powerless, and ...
Last night Firefox commandeered my laptop, which was asleep, chucked all my open tabs and dox, installed Firefox 3.0.1 (which I was postponing until Id researched the implications of the new version) and this morning I find this new iGoogle with the obtrusive left nav. Usually Google is good enough to allow opting out. But this time users are strong-armed and thereby strips away the dignity of individual choice from being an iGoogle user. "You VILL submit to the new iGoogle!" Not cool. Dont wanna. Dont like it. Too crowded. A feature that I dont need, want, ask for, value, appreciate. I agree with the commenter above me, and many others. If were not afforded a straightforward way to opt out of the new feature I am abandoning ship, and taking others with me. I am a user experience advocate by profession. And both for technical and philosophical reasons I reject this whole iGoogle endeavor. And Google should not be rewarded for creating a situation that makes people feel powerless, and ...
Behavior modification through learning from rewarding choices may be just a touch of self-delusion, suggests a new study in Neuron.
Why is it so hard to choose sometimes? Researchers explain what happens in the brain during this process, and what the ideal number of choices may be.
Information on this website is based on research from books, articles, medical journals and studies. Statements on this website have not necessarily been evaluated and should not be considered as medical advice. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any illness or disease. For diagnosis or treatment consult your physician. Use herbs in moderation and watch for allergic reactions. If you are taking any other medication, are suffering from a medical condition and/or are at all concerned about any of the advice or ingredients consult your doctor before taking any products. If you are pregnant, or on medication consult your physician first. Remember that diet, exercise and lifestyle choices are equally important to your health.. ...
Low prices on Anti-Aging! Help fight or even reverse the aging process*. Many factors contribute to aging, but lifestyle choices are the most important. Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet choices or lack of exercise all accelerate the aging process. Getting adequate amounts of antioxidants is one of the best ways to fight the aging process.
Low prices on Anti-Aging! Help fight or even reverse the aging process*. Many factors contribute to aging, but lifestyle choices are the most important. Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet choices or lack of exercise all accelerate the aging process. Getting adequate amounts of antioxidants is one of the best ways to fight the aging process.
Kids easily pick up on their parents attitudes towards food, exercise and lifestyle choices - are you guilty of teaching your child bad habits?
The human body has self regulating and self healing mechanisms. In fact, it is always working to maintain a state of balanced function. For example, blood pressure, blood sugar and the heart rate are actively kept within a normal range. To put it another way, you are designed to function, heal and re-create from the inside out.. Unfortunately, in America the expectation is that we are supposed to be sick, and that there is always a solution (usually found in a bottle). To top it off - our lifestyle choices are pointing us directly to heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and autoimmune, inflammatory and neurological diseases.. The truth is - youre simply the culmination of your bodys inability to adapt to the stressors placed upon it on a regular basis. When you come to this realization, it leaves you with 2 choices: remove the stress OR increase your bodys ability to adapt to it.. So, how do we improve our bodys ability to adapt? Well, stressors (aka your life) cause spinal shifts within the ...
You know the drill: Warm up and stretch out those muscles before hopping on the treadmill or bike or whatever your exercise of choice may happen to be....
Your colon can be one of the most sensitive parts of the body. Besides diet, external factors such as stress and lifestyle choices are often attributed to colon irritation. While you cant always c...
Hospital Choice and Optimal Capacity with Queues for Medical Care with Anders Munk-Nielsen.. Waiting Time as a Screening Device: Evidence from an Affordable Housing Lottery with Robert Collinson. ...
UPDATED RANKING ►► https://wiki.ezvid.com/best-heart-rate-monitorsDisclaimer: These choices may be out of date. You need to go to wiki.ezvid.com to se...
Problems with Traditional CBC. In recent years marketing researchers have become aware of potential problems with CBC questionnaires and the way respondents answer CBC questions.. •The concepts presented to respondents are often not very close to the respondents ideal. This can create the perception that the interview is not very focused or relevant to the respondent. •Respondents (especially in Internet panels) do choice tasks very quickly. According to Sawtooth Softwares experience with many CBC datasets, once respondents warm up to the CBC tasks, they typically spend about 12 to 15 seconds per choice task. Its hard to imagine how they could evaluate so much information on the screen in such short order. It seems overwhelmingly likely that respondents accomplish this by simplifying their procedures for making choices, possibly in a way that is not typical of how they would behave if buying a real product.. •To estimate partworths at the individual level, it is necessary for each ...
Meet Doctor Lu Kaye. Here are her vitals: Shes board certified, specializing in Family Medicine. She has 9 years experience. The average for this specialty is 19 years. Highly regarded by her patients they rate her 3.5 out of 4 stars. They point out the time she spends with them. She has won a number of awards, including Patients Choice Award 2011 and Compassionate Doctor Recognition 2011. Graduated from top rated University of Rochester. Her average waiting time is 9 minutes. She accepts new patients. She has a number of insurance plans accepted. Use Vitals.com to examine Doctor Lu A Kaye from Wellsville, New York. See patient comments make an appointment or even let us help you to prepare for your visit. Vitals .com where doctors are examined.. ...
You may have questions and concerns about your childs treatment options. You may also want to know how your childs child will feel, look, and function after treatment. Youll want to know if your child will have to change his or her normal activities.. Because skin cancer is much more common in adults, many treatments have not been studied a lot in children. The doctor is the best person to answer your questions about which treatments may work best. He or she can tell you what your childs treatment choices are, how successful theyre expected to be, and what the risks and side effects are. Your childs doctor may advise a specific treatment. Or he or she may offer more than one, and talk with you and your child to decide which one to use.. Your child may have just one treatment, or a combination of treatments. ...
No one wants to overeat. And certainly no one wants to overeat for years, become overweight, and end up with a high risk of diabetes or heart disease--yet two thirds of Americans do precisely that. Even though we know better, we often eat too much. Why does our behavior betray our own intentions to be lean and healthy? The problem, argues obesity and neuroscience researcher Stephan J. Guyenet, is not necessarily a lack of willpower or an incorrect understanding of what to eat. Rather, our appetites and food choices are led astray by ancient, instinctive brain circuits that play by the rules of a survival game that no longer exists. And these circuits dont care about how you look in a bathing suit next summer ...
Want to know which food choices are best for your cats profile? Pet nutritional consultant Bernadine Cruz, DVM, is an expert at picking the perfect foods for any feline.
Heres the abstract (the paper is gated): "This paper shows that although the top ten percent of colleges are substantially more selective now than they were 5 decades ago, most colleges are not more selective. Moreover, at least 50 percent of colleges are substantially less selective now than they were then. This paper demonstrates that competition for space--the number of students who wish to attend college growing faster than the number of spaces available--does not explain changing selectivity. The explanation is, instead, that the elasticity of a students preference for a college with respect to its proximity to his home has fallen substantially over time and there has been a corresponding increase in the elasticity of his preference for a college with respect to its resources and peers. In other words, students used to attend a local college regardless of their abilities and its characteristics. Now, their choices are driven far less by distance and far more by a colleges resources and ...
The Accessible Options Kinds. All broker agents will unquestionably provide their clients the regular Call as well as Put options. These are sometimes known as traditional or higher/decrease options. By using these expirations you can actually reward in the event you call the current market possibly substantial (Mobile phone) or lower (Place) than the attack expense from which you enter the industry. However significantly new expiries are offered by some brokers. These will unquestionably allow you to make money using a number of different market place outcome. Feel options, in which you expect if the advantage will attack at levels well before its expiry and Edge choices are increasingly being given by broker agents for their trading clients.. The Earnings Offered. Brokers transaction an arranged quantity about the effective expiration of an in the loan choice. Nevertheless the level of revenue you will get will depend on the values offered by the dealer. Typically you may foresee to ...
This is a question and I have the answer, but I am wondering about why some of the other choices are not also correct: The question is: Which of the following statements reflects a developmental
I decided to do a second entry about this as some thoughts have come to mind. Like many of the children that have/are going through this, I too used to hide my soiled underwear. When your choices are to be yelled at now or yelled at tomorrow, I chose the 2nd option. I hid them because I wanted to live for an hour (even half an hour) as if it never happened. To be able to live like everyone else and be "normal" was such a dream…I was willing to put up with what I had to, for a chance to not go through it. I threw out several pairs until found out. The truth of my actions made the hurt worse emotionally, but the reality was that I was getting yelled at anyway (thats how it was interpreted at the time).Yes Im ashamed of my actions (and stopped doing it when got caught), however Im not surprised when I hear of other children doing similar things. I can understand where theyre coming from and I can also understand why parents get frustrated about it. Its not easy but there is light.. Whilst ...
No time to cook? Head to your supermarkets deli for prepared dishes and sandwich ingredients. But keep in mind that some choices are healthier than others.
You can tell a toddler something is unacceptable and expect him to stop. When a child gets older, though, and her behavior and its consequences become more complex, she may not know how to change. The choices are no longer binary: stop/dont stop. They are nuanced, and the outcomes are not certain. ...
My reasons for this choice are fairly comprehensive (I think). Same strength, so youre not downgrading. They are Assault 1 weapons, allowing to you to move and still cover a good amount of board space with electrical zappyness. Add in the fun little Tesla rule (any 6s on the to hit roll automatically generate an additional two bonus hits) and these guys tend to average a 100% hit rate when they fire. They can also assault after theyve fired, which may not sound like much when youre dealing with an army as deficient in assault as the Necrons, but there are many opportunities for an assault against a weakened unit, or any unit that is more effective shooting than close assaulting in any given game. Having that option there, even if its better that you dont use it, is a plus for me. There are two prospective downsides to the Carbine versus the Gauss Blaster. It is AP-, which means that, of course, everyone will get their armour saves against the wounds. However, given the mass of 3+ saves that ...
The way a parent feeds a child and how a mother makes her own health choices are intensely personal choices and I am passing zero judgment on anyones journey. I am merely sharing my own current struggle. On this, the first day of World Breastfeeding Week, Im weaning my tiny girl. Its bumming me out. …
In the face of insurmountable obstacles, our choices are often limited. You can either “give up, give in, or give it all you’ve got.” More often than not, the best choice is the hardest, and let’s face it, giving it all you’ve got requires a fair bit of effort. But when I come across success ...
Reviewer #1. The manuscript is now much clearer and the design choices are better motivated. This is a carefully designed study with intriguing results.. Importantly, the sham data are now included in the analyses. These analyses show that many of the critical comparisons do not reach the 0.05 significance level relative to sham. This somewhat complicates the interpretation of the results: while the effects relative to IPS appear reliable, the effects relative to sham are much less clear. The pattern of results suggests that a (weak) opposite effect of IPS stimulation contributed to the statistical significance. The conclusions of the paper currently do not reflect this sufficiently, focusing almost exclusively on the causal role of EBA in title, abstract, and conclusions. At the very least, the Discussion should include a section discussing the sham results and how this speaks to the role of EBA vs the differential role of EBA vs IPS. Furthermore, sham conditions should be shown in figures 3 ...
You dont have to change your eating habits completely to establish a healthier diet - a few smart choices are really all thats needed.
The best makeup for people in their 60s is makeup that refreshes the face but doesnt overemphasize any feature. Primer and foundation choices are hydrating. Eye makeup is simple and matte with...
Edit Mask: Select a format from the Edit Mask field list to restrict how a value is entered. The choices are phone, time, and currency. This applies only to character-type fields.. ...
What Inspires Your Choices For Living ~ A Teleseries What would it be like if you were creating everything you wanted? Is it time to find out what choices are truly available for you that you didnt think you could have?
Im at a point where Im ready to buy a new zoom lens. The choices are listed above. Which one would you buy. Price is a factor thats why
Cyclo-cross racing is challenging, and while the equipment choices are broad, there are different courses with varied ground and weather
Information about additional Chebfun preferences can be found by typing help chebfunpref. Here is a quick summary. In most cases various keywords are permitted such as on or 1 or true, off or 0 or false.. sampletest controls whether a function is evaluated at an extra point as a safety check of convergence. With the default on value, this test is indeed carried out.. blowup relates to the construction of chebfuns that diverge to infinity, as described in Chapter 9. blowup=0 is used for no singularities, blowup=1 if for functions with poles (blowups with a negative integer power) and blowup=2 for functions with branch points (blowups with an arbitrary power).. chebkind is set by default to 2, but can be changed to 1 to force Chebfun to use Chebyshev points of the first kind (i.e., roots of Chebyshev polynomials) rather than the second kind (extrema). This feature is experimental and may not do what you expect.. extrapolate" can be turned on to avoid evaluating functions at endpoints ...
This study examined childrens preferences for three qualitative levels of thinking--abstract, functional, and concrete--in vocabulary. It was hypothesized that whereas older, more mature readers would choose abstract meaning, younger readers would choose concrete meaning regardless of the nature of the material, and also that a dominant cognitive style might emerge in individuals for one of the three levels. A
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Its not always easy choosing the best hosting package for a new website. If youre not familiar with how hosting works, it could seem like an alternative language. Regardless of whether youve been self-hosting your websites for a while, many reasons exist why you might like to switch to an alternative provider. Finding a good deal in accordance with your preferences can be tricky should you dont know where you should look.. An effective hosting provider should allow it to be easy to get working. It ought to be affordable, with great support and instructions. First and foremost it should use a reputation that precedes itself.. Today I wish to introduce you to bluehost, a hosting provider thats celebrated by many people bloggers as his or her hosting of preference. Read on to find out Bluehosts best features. This will include how you can create your own account as well as to find out how easy it really is to setup a WordPress website with Bluehost.. Bluehost is honored on providing the most ...
Its not always easy choosing the best hosting package for a new website. If youre not familiar with how hosting works, it could seem like an alternative language. Regardless of whether youve been self-hosting your websites for a while, many reasons exist why you might like to switch to an alternative provider. Finding a good deal in accordance with your preferences can be tricky should you dont know where you should look.. An effective hosting provider should allow it to be easy to get working. It ought to be affordable, with great support and instructions. First and foremost it should use a reputation that precedes itself.. Today I wish to introduce you to bluehost, a hosting provider thats celebrated by many people bloggers as his or her hosting of preference. Read on to find out Bluehosts best features. This will include how you can create your own account as well as to find out how easy it really is to setup a WordPress website with Bluehost.. Bluehost is honored on providing the most ...
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This study followed a cohort of community-dwelling individuals receiving wound-care in a large urban-rural region. During a randomized control trial (RCT) evaluating outcomes of receiving care in a nurse-clinic or at home, many approached were willing to participate if they could choose their location of care. This provided a unique opportunity to enroll them as a
As the organism ages, it exhibits a degree of correlated, recognizable, and predictable changes to its physiology over time. These changes can occur synchronously across multiple tissues and organs. The phenotypic changes of aging occur in a type of concert, rather than in isolation, suggesting the residual participation of the endocrine system in the onset of age-related phenotypes. The demise of the cell thus most often occurs within the context of the simultaneous demise of the whole organism.. Organelles and cellular subtypes also exhibit a differential susceptibility to stress during aging. This preference can result in the consistent advent and spreading of disease across particular subsets and even subcompartments of the cells. Thus age-onset diseases often begin in one distinct tissue before signs of dysfunction spread infectiously along reproducible networks, affecting the physiology of distal tissues in distinct but foreseable patterns. We are trying to understand how the small and ...
Users can create a profile in My EMPRES-i to customize disease outbreak mapping according to disease type, time period or by location. Maps and preferences can also be saved for later reference. [...] ...
As you can see in the video above, as participants navigated their way through the UX2014 prototype website, we were immediately reminded that context is important. Users confidence was eroded when they felt that the services offered werent relevant to their needs. For example, when asked to numerically rank her decision criteria when choosing a plan, one participant could not find her single most deciding factor: the monthly cost of the plan. Puzzled by the available options on her screen and she asked, "How much do I have to pay before the plan covers me? I dont see that here.". Ranking priorities was less relevant to participants because a) the lists did not address some of their most important concerns, such as expense, and b) they felt that because each criteria could be important in its own right, they were making tradeoffs too early in the process. Instead they expressed a desire to rate each item rather than rank them in relation to one another. The fact that the website did not meet ...
Build and Price your new 2013 Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD LT with the currently available options and colors. Get up todate free price quotes from dealers near you.
A new the study raises questions about the extent to which consumer choices can be relied upon to reward value and drive competition in Medicare in general.
Unfortunately getting older is a part of life that everyone must deal with. However, the following article gives you helpful advice on steps you can take to minimize the effects of the getting older process and to remain healthy as you grow older. The article will also address some simple techniques to slow the growing older process.. There is no sense in worrying about your age or other numbers that seem to define you. Stop fretting about your age, height, and weight, and let your doctors worry about them if need be. Do not think of your age or weight as a number. Focus on the important things instead.. If want to remain healthy as you age, the best thing you can do is to never stop learning. Learning is important at all stages of life.. Everyone gets older. We all reach a point in our lives when we are unable to care for ourselves any longer. If this happens, it may be necessary to decide to move into a nursing home. This can be the best available option, even if it may not seem that way at ...
A sequence of cards representing filters is displayed along a first axis of a user interface with a single card being displayed in a focus area. The card in the focus area defines a selected object type filter, which is applied to another sequence of available options. The filtered sequence is then displayed along another (perpendicular) axis of the user interface, which only includes options corresponding to the selected option type filter.
a new options page has been added detailing the usage of configurable format specific options for readers and writers (see options). Links to the available options are also included under the relevant supported formats ...
Finally, the researchers looked at the verbal and visual accessibility of cards. To do this they asked a new batch of hundreds of students (some of them online and some in the lab) to "Name a playing card" or to "Visualise a playing card" and then say which it was. Simply asked to name a card, there was a strong bias for choosing the Ace of Spades, followed by the Queen of Hearts and then other high-ranking cards. When participants chose a number card, there was a bias for naming 3s and 7s the most and 6s the least (a phenomenon well known by magicians). Overall, cards from the Spades and Hearts were chosen more than the other two suits. There was a gender difference again: men tended to name the Queen of Hearts more than women, and women more often named the King of Hearts than men. These same results were pretty much repeated when participants were asked to visualise a card before naming it ...
This section describes the commands and utilities available with this software system, including commands found only in the SUNWscman and SUNWccon packages.The available options, arguments, and operands for each command are provided in accordance with standard rules of command syntax, along with availability attributes, diagnostic information, and cross-references to other manual pages and reference material with relevant information.This section is for all UNIX® system users.
To do a complete build, just type: ./configure; make The ./configure script builds Makefile from Makefile.in based on your system and any options you select (run ./configure --help for a listing of the available options.) If you wish to use the original Makefile with no configuration, you can instead use: make -f Makefile.classic On a windows box, use one of the Makefiles in the win/ subdirectory, according to your compiler and environment. If you have MinGW or MinGW-w64 installed on your system (Msys or Cygwin, or as cross-compile environment on Linux or Darwin), then consider: make -f win/Makefile.mingw If you have VC++ installed on your system, then consider: cd win; nmake /f Makefile.msc If you have trouble, or you want to do something fancy, just look at Makefile.classic. There are 6 configuration options that are all well commented. Instead of editing the Makefile.classic, consider copying Makefile.classic to an alternative name such as GNUMakefile, BSDMakefile, or makefile and ...
Vinyl and aluminum replacement windows are relatively inexpensive compared to other available options, and both types require little maintenance, making them a viable option for homeowners, notes...
A benefitâ risk assessment model for statins using multicriteria decision analysis based on a discrete choice experiment in Korean patients Ji-Hye Byun,1 Sun-Hong Kwon,1 Ji-Hye Ha,2 Eui-Kyung Lee1 1School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 2Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea Purpose: The benefitâ risk balance for drugs can alter post approval owing to additional data on efficacy or adverse events. This study developed a quantitative benefitâ risk assessment (BRA) model for statins using multicriteria decision analysis with discrete choice experiments and compared a recent BRA with that at the time of approval. Patients and methods: Following a systematic review of the literature, the benefit criteria within the statin BRA model were defined as a reduction in the plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and a reduction in myocardial infarction incidence; the risk criteria were hepatotoxicity (Liv) and fatal
Tasks of attention and impulse control in humans have excellent rodent counterparts. In particular, the 5-choice serial reaction time task (5CSRTT), which is the most widely used task measuring impulsive action and attention performance, has been instrumental in defining the underlying neuroanatomy, neurochemistry and genes pertaining to these cognitive functions.. In the 5CSRTT, mice are required to respond to a brief light stimulus in one of five response apertures. The number of premature responses before the stimulus light switches on is a measure of impulsivity. Omissions of responding, accuracy of responding and the intra-individual variability in response latencies are measures of attention.. ...
SERIAL REACTION TIME TASK SCRIPT INFO Script Author: Katja Borchert, Ph.D. ([email protected]) for Millisecond Software, LLC Date: 03-24-2016 last updated: 02-06-2017 by K.Borchert ([email protected]) for Millisecond Software LLC Script Copyright © 02-06-2017 Millisecond Software BACKGROUND INFO *Purpose* This script implements a sequenced serial reaction time task (with 4 different response buttons) based on several publications and the help of Dr. Maarten Immink: Nissen, M. J., & Bullemer, P. (1987). Attentional requirements of learning: Evidence from performance measures. Cognitive Psychology, 19, 1-32. Reed, J. & Johnson, Peder (1994). Assessing Implicit Learning With Indirect Tests: Determining What Is Learned About Sequence Structure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: LMC, 20, 585-594. Abrahamse, E.L & Verwey, W.B. (2008). Context dependent learning in the serial RT task. Psychological Research, 72:397-404. Millisecond Software thanks Dr. Maarten Immink for his collaboration ...
Small firms in the food industry are being urged to give their views on the impact of food regulation on their businesses in a bid to safeguard consumer choice.More than 500 letters to gather these grass roots views were sent out today by the Food Standards Agencys Task Force on the Burden of Food Regulations on Small Businesses.The Agencys Deputy Chair, Suzi Leather, said:Food safety standards have to be maintained, but if small businesses are going to the wall because of unnecessary regulation, that has an adverse impact on consumer choice.It is important that small businesses themselves tell us about any burdens and the costs of these burdens. The task force needs this information to make progress.If unnecessary or disproportionate burdens are revealed, we will be seeking solutions that will be beneficial to the consumer, consumer choice and small businesses.The task force was set up by the Food Standards Agency in June to advise the Agency about the burdens of food regulations on small food
MARQUETTE, Mich.- A presentation about the effect of vasopressin deficiency on rat behavior and cognition will be held at 3:15 p.m. Tuesday, March 26, in Gries Hall at Northern Michigan University. Michael Berquist, an NMU masters candidate, will be presenting.. Berquists presentation titled "Assessment of attention in vasopressin-deficient Brattleboro rats using a five-choice serial reaction time task" will discuss how to further evaluate the cognitive profile of rats with vasopressin deficiency by studying attention in male and female Brattleboro rats. Vasopressin is a neuropeptide that may influence behavioral and cognitive processes. Berquists research suggests that vasopressin deficiency diminishes cognitive functioning.. This event is a part of the NMU psychology departments colloquium series and is free and open to the public. For more information, contact NMUs psychology department at 227-2935. ...
American Journal of Primatology 70:254-260 (2008) RESEARCH ARTICLE Consistency of Hand Preference Across Low-level and High-level Tasks in Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus apella) ALAYNA L. LILAK AND KIMBERLEY A. PHILLIPS Department of Psychology, Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio Numerous studies investigating behavioral lateralization in capuchins have been published. Although some research groups have reported a population-level hand preference, other researchers have argued that capuchins do not show hand preference at the population level. As task complexity influences the expression of handedness in other primate species, the purpose of this study was to collect hand preference data across a variety of high- and low-level tasks to evaluate how task complexity influences the expression of hand preference in capuchins. We tested eleven captive brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) to determine if they show consistent hand preferences across multiple high- and lowlevel tasks. Capuchins were expected to ...
Scand J Psychol. 2011 Aug 29. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2011.00911.x. [Epub ahead of print]. British mens hair color preferences: An assessment of courtship solicitation and stimulus ratings.. Swami V, Barrett S.. Abstract. British mens hair color preferences: An assessment of courtship solicitation and stimulus ratings. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. Two studies examined the influence of womens hair color on approach behavior by British men and on ratings of physical attractiveness and personality. In Study 1, a female confederate whose hair color was dyed blonde, brunette, or red was instructed to sit in several nightclubs. It was found that she was approached significantly more frequently by men in the blonde condition. In Study 2, images of the same confederate were rated by 126 men. Results showed that the brunette stimulus was rated as more physically attractive, intelligent, approachable, competent, and arrogant, whereas the blonde stimulus was rated as more needy. These results ...
OBJECTIVE: A subgroup of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) has cognitive impairments, reflected by deviant neuropsychological test performance. However, abnormal test scores can also be caused by suboptimal effort. We hypothesized that worse neuropsychological test performance and underperformance were related to each other and to a smaller reduction in fatigue, functional impairments, physical limitations and higher dropout rates following cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for CFS. METHODS: Data were drawn from a previous trial, in which CFS patients were randomized to two conditions; 1) guided self-instruction and additional CBT (n=84) or 2) waiting period followed by regular CBT for CFS (n=85). Underperformance was assessed using the Amsterdam Short Term Memory Test (,84). To test neuropsychological test performance, the Symbol Digit Modalities Task, a simple reaction time task and a choice reaction time task were used. Interaction effects were determined between underperformance ...
A strategic inquiry into underground coal mining in New South Wales, Australia, identified the need for non-market valuation studies and recommended increased use of benefit cost analysis in assessing individual mining proposals. This paper reports on the results of a choice experiment undertaken for a mine in the Southern Coalfield of New South Wales. Results from the study are used to aid the government decision by evaluating alternative proposals to continue underground coal mining operations. Results show that community wellbeing declines with increases in the kilometres of streams, the hectares of swamp, and the number of Aboriginal sites affected by mine subsidence. Community wellbeing increases with the length of time that the mine provides 320 jobs. Implicit price estimates from the choice experiment were incorporated into a benefit cost analysis of continued mining at the mine to assess the economic efficiency of a range of environmental restrictions on the proposed mining operations. Even

Pet Talk: Stress disrupts cats behaviors - News - The Shawnee News-Star - Shawnee, OKPet Talk: Stress disrupts cat's behaviors - News - The Shawnee News-Star - Shawnee, OK

Because certain breeds are seen more often with feline compulsive behavior, there may be genetic influences at work. But there ... The most common compulsive behaviors in cats include wool sucking, fabric eating, overgrooming, hair-pulling and feline ... also are many domestic cats exhibiting compulsive behaviors. ... Choose the plan thats right for you.. Digital access or ... Nursing behaviors. Fabric sucking is a behavior I have seen in several cats. Fifty percent of the affected cat population that ...
more infohttp://www.news-star.com/x50631398/Pet-Talk-Stress-disrupts-cats-behaviors

Get PDF - Symposium of the international society for research on aggression the psycho pharmacology of aggression and social...Get PDF - Symposium of the international society for research on aggression the psycho pharmacology of aggression and social...

Symposium of the international society for research on aggression the psycho pharmacology of aggression and social behavior ... Aggressive Behavior 191: 1-84, 1993. 11th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), Groningen, ... Aggressive Behavior 112: 125-191, 1985. Proceedings of the Second European Meeting of the International Society of Research on ... Physiology and Behavior 81(5): 717-803, 2004. Proceedings of the 12th annual conference of the society for psycho somatic ...
more infohttps://eurekamag.com/research/029/261/029261987.php

Measuring Changes In Brand Choice BehaviorMeasuring Changes In Brand Choice Behavior

... brand choice behavior. In this paper, nonparametric brand-specific time-variable functions replace the brand-specific constants ... brand choice decisions. In almost all applications of this model, the parameters of the consumers utility function are assumed ... usually found in brand choice models. I estimate the model for panel data from two product categories and derive management ... "Measuring Changes In Brand Choice Behavior," Schmalenbach Business Review (sbr), LMU Munich School of Management, vol. 55(3), ...
more infohttps://ideas.repec.org/a/sbr/abstra/v55y2003i3p242-256.html

Aberrant choice behavior in alcoholism | ScienceAberrant choice behavior in alcoholism | Science

On page 1321 of this issue, Augier et al. (3) demonstrate that aberrant choice behavior-that is, choosing alcohol over an ... They also provide a mechanistic understanding of this aberrant choice behavior that could lead to new treatment opportunities. ... Patients suffering from alcohol dependence no longer have the freedom to choose between alternative rewards because alcohol ...
more infohttp://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6395/1298

IDEALS @ Illinois: Determinants of Cue Choice BehaviorIDEALS @ Illinois: Determinants of Cue Choice Behavior

... perceived risk and accountability on peoples choice of cues perceived as high in predictive value and low in confidence value ...
more infohttps://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/67323

Commensal bacteria and essential amino acids control food choice behavior and reproductionCommensal bacteria and essential amino acids control food choice behavior and reproduction

Finally, based on metabolite measurements, we propose that the influence of bacteria on host physiology and behavior is not ... Our study demonstrates how the interaction of specific nutrients with the microbiome can shape behavior and animal fitness and ... choose to eat has a tremendous impact on health and wellbeing. Though intake of dietary proteins and amino acids is essential ...
more infohttps://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.2000862

Ticket Fare Optimization for Chinas High-Speed Railway Based on Passenger Choice BehaviorTicket Fare Optimization for China's High-Speed Railway Based on Passenger Choice Behavior

Ticket Fare Optimization for Chinas High-Speed Railway Based on Passenger Choice Behavior. Jinzi Zheng,1 Jun Liu,1 and David B ... "Ticket Fare Optimization for Chinas High-Speed Railway Based on Passenger Choice Behavior," Discrete Dynamics in Nature and ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ddns/2017/6237642/cta/

A Brands Eye View of Response Segmentation in Consumer Choice Behavior -
	               		Article
                        -...A Brand's Eye View of Response Segmentation in Consumer Choice Behavior - Article -...

Keywords: Brands and Branding; Segmentation; Decision Choices and Conditions; Customers; Behavior; Format: Print. 9 pages. Find ... "A Brands Eye View of Response Segmentation in Consumer Choice Behavior." Journal of Marketing Research (JMR) 32, no. 1 ( ... A Brands Eye View of Response Segmentation in Consumer Choice Behavior. by Randolph E. Bucklin, Sunil Gupta and Sangman Han ...
more infohttps://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/item.aspx?num=22557

Explaining Negativity Biases in Evaluation and Choice Behavior: Theory  and Research by David E. KanouseExplaining Negativity Biases in Evaluation and Choice Behavior: Theory and Research by David E. Kanouse

Explaining Negativity Biases in Evaluation and Choice Behavior: Theory and Research David E. Kanouse, The Rand Corporation ... David E. Kanouse (1984) ,"Explaining Negativity Biases in Evaluation and Choice Behavior: Theory and Research", in NA - ... However, when people are asked to choose between a sure loss of $80 and a risky choice that gives them an 85 percent chance of ... Psychological studies of risky choices indicate that people commonly make risk averse choices in situations involving gains, ...
more infohttp://www.acrwebsite.org/search/view-conference-proceedings.aspx?Id=6335

Functional double dissociation within the entorhinal cortex for visual scene-dependent choice behavior | eLifeFunctional double dissociation within the entorhinal cortex for visual scene-dependent choice behavior | eLife

No involvement of the LEC and MEC when an object alone cued choice behavior. It is important to note that compared to the SSC ... Double dissociation between the LEC and MEC in visual scene-based choice behavior. We tested rats (n = 8) implanted with ... Functional double dissociation within the entorhinal cortex for visual scene-dependent choice behavior. ... Once trained, the rat does not stop at the choice point of the T-maze before making a choice in the SSC task, but it does pause ...
more infohttps://elifesciences.org/articles/21543

Effects of D-Amphetamine on Choice Behavior under Mixed Concurrent SchedulesEffects of D-Amphetamine on Choice Behavior under Mixed Concurrent Schedules

... View/. Open. Extracted text (212.1Kb) ... The goals of this dissertation were to conduct detailed analyses of behavior in transition in response to changes in ... schedules of reinforcement and to examine the effects of d-amphetamine on behavior in transition. A mixed conc RI RI schedule ...
more infohttps://etd.auburn.edu/handle/10415/959

KAKEN - Research Projects | Evolution of mate choice behavior and its cognitive mechanism. (KAKENHI-PROJECT-05610057)KAKEN - Research Projects | Evolution of mate choice behavior and its cognitive mechanism. (KAKENHI-PROJECT-05610057)

b) Human study : We investigate human mate choice behavior through literature. M.Hasegawa translated two influential English ... Sexual selection / Mate choice / Parasite load / Fluctuating asymmetry / Peacock / Human / Human nature / Human sexuality / 配偶者 ... As females visited several males before copulation and male did not force to copulate with females, females seemed to choose ... a) Peafowl study : Field study of peafowl mating behavior was conducted in Izu Cactus Park, Shizuoka Prefecture. We measured 1 ...
more infohttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-05610057/

Choice Behavior | The Chopra LibraryChoice Behavior | The Chopra Library

... participants in one arm underwent a prescreening intervention aimed at improving informed choice, and (3) informed choice was ... Yet mammals and birds express mate preferences and make mate choices, and data suggest that this attraction system is ... OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of health screening interventions aimed at enhancing informed choice. METHODS: Studies ... Romantic love: an fMRI study of a neural mechanism for mate choice. ...
more infohttp://isharonline.org/tags/choice-behavior

Restorative Practices Choices or Behavior Think Sheet | TpTRestorative Practices Choices or Behavior Think Sheet | TpT

This a Restorative Practices/Restorative Justice behavior and choices reflection sheet for students to use when they have ... This a Restorative Practices/Restorative Justice behavior and choices reflection sheet for students to use when they have ... Choices/Behavior Think Sheet. • PPT (with editable text) for teaching how to complete the sheet. • Two example completed sheets ... This a Restorative Practices/Restorative Justice behavior and choices reflection sheet for students to use when they have ...
more infohttps://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Restorative-Practices-Choices-or-Behavior-Think-Sheet-2821307

Food Power: Program reinforces health choices, behaviors - News - Chillicothe News - Chillicothe, MO - Chillicothe, MOFood Power: Program reinforces health choices, behaviors - News - Chillicothe News - Chillicothe, MO - Chillicothe, MO

"Food Power Adventure is the kind of active learning experience students need to help them see how the food they choose gives ... Choose the plan thats right for you.. Digital access or digital and print delivery. ... Choose the plan thats right for you. Digital access or digital and print delivery. ...
more infohttp://www.chillicothenews.com/article/20121004/NEWS/121009396/1001/NEWS

The role of static features of males in the mate choice behavior of female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). | PsychologyThe role of static features of males in the mate choice behavior of female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). | Psychology

The role of static features of males in the mate choice behavior of female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Share this page ... The role of static features of males in the mate choice behavior of female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica).. ... In two experiments, we investigated the mate choice behavior of female Japanese quail toward taxidermically-prepared male ... The findings suggest that female quail may utilize static, species-specific features of male conspecifics in mate choice. ...
more infohttps://psychology.as.uky.edu/role-static-features-males-mate-choice-behavior-female-japanese-quail-coturnix-japonica

Mechanisms of glucosensation mediating food choice behavior in Drosophila - Monica DusMechanisms of glucosensation mediating food choice behavior in Drosophila - Monica Dus

... the molecular mechanisms regulating feeding behavior have received much attention. H... ... Mechanisms of glucosensation mediating food choice behavior in Drosophila Dus, Monica New York University, New York, NY, United ... During my postdoctoral studies I developed an assay to study food choice behavior in Drosophila and found that flies are ... Neural and molecular mechanisms of glucosensation mediating food choice behavior. Dus, Monica / New York University. $87,692. ...
more infohttp://grantome.com/grant/NIH/K99-DK097141-01

From biophysics to cognition: reward-dependent adaptive choice behavior<...From biophysics to cognition: reward-dependent adaptive choice behavior<...

Soltani, A., & Wang, X-J. (2008). From biophysics to cognition: reward-dependent adaptive choice behavior. Current Opinion in ... Soltani, A & Wang, X-J 2008, From biophysics to cognition: reward-dependent adaptive choice behavior, Current Opinion in ... From biophysics to cognition: reward-dependent adaptive choice behavior. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 2008 Apr;18(2):209- ... From biophysics to cognition : reward-dependent adaptive choice behavior. In: Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 2008 ; Vol. 18, ...
more infohttps://nyu-staging.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/from-biophysics-to-cognition-reward-dependent-adaptive-choice-beh

WHO HQ Library catalog ›

    Results of search for su:{Choice behavior.}WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Choice behavior.}'

I am Roe : my life, Roe v. Wade, and freedom of choice / Norma McCorvey with Andy Meisler.. by McCorvey, Norma , Meisler, Andy ... Private choices and public health : the AIDS epidemic in an economic perspective / Thomas J. Philipson and Richard A. Posner.. ... Contraceptive choice, fertility, and public policy in Zimbabwe / Duncan Thomas, John Maluccio.. by Thomas, Duncan , Maluccio, ... Contraceptive method choice in Thailand : an analysis from the 1985 survey of fertility in Thailand. by Thailand. National ...
more infohttps://kohahq.searo.who.int/cgi-bin/koha/opac-search.pl?q=su:%7BChoice%20behavior.%7D

Frontiers | LATER models of neural decision behavior in choice tasks | Frontiers in Integrative NeuroscienceFrontiers | LATER models of neural decision behavior in choice tasks | Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience

Citation: Noorani I (2014) LATER models of neural decision behavior in choice tasks. Front. Integr. Neurosci. 8:67. doi: ... LATER models of neural decision behavior in choice tasks. Imran Noorani*. *Department of Neurosurgery, Wessex Neurological ... and the final choice out of a number of options occurs when the decision signal for this choice reaches threshold before the ... Logan, G. D., Cowan, W. B., and Davis, K. A. (1984). On the ability to inhibit simple and choice reaction time responses: a ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnint.2014.00067/full

Towards a Model of Consumer Post-Choice Response Behavior by J. D. Forbes, David S. Tse, and Shirley TaylorTowards a Model of Consumer Post-Choice Response Behavior by J. D. Forbes, David S. Tse, and Shirley Taylor

A process model to explain and predict consumer choice of post-choice behavior in response to satisfied and dissatisfied ... The number of previous studies of post-choice behavior is skewed towards complaint behavior for obvious reasons. However, ... Towards a Model of Consumer Post-Choice Response Behavior J. D. Forbes, University of British Columbia. David S. Tse, ... A MODEL OF CONSUMER POST-CHOICE. The behavioral processes included in this model encompass more of the total behavior and ...
more infohttp://www.acrwebsite.org/volumes/6576/volumes/v13/NA-13

Opposing Influence of Sensory and Motor Cortical Input on Striatal Circuitry and Choice Behavior | Read by QxMDOpposing Influence of Sensory and Motor Cortical Input on Striatal Circuitry and Choice Behavior | Read by QxMD

Opposing Influence of Sensory and Motor Cortical Input on Striatal Circuitry and Choice Behavior. Christian R Lee, Alex J Yonk ... Thus, our results suggest opposing roles for sensory and motor cortex in behavioral choice via distinct influences on striatal ... Strengthened Inputs from Secondary Motor Cortex to Striatum in a Mouse Model of Compulsive Behavior. ... the influence of different cortical areas on striatal circuitry and behavior is unknown. Here, we find that corticostriatal ...
more infohttps://read.qxmd.com/read/30982651/opposing-influence-of-sensory-and-motor-cortical-input-on-striatal-circuitry-and-choice-behavior

Female guppies agree to differ: phenotypic and genetic variation in mate-choice behavior and the consequences for sexual...Female guppies agree to differ: phenotypic and genetic variation in mate-choice behavior and the consequences for sexual...

Female guppies agree to differ: phenotypic and genetic variation in mate-choice behavior and the consequences for sexual ... phenotypic and genetic variation in mate-choice behavior and the consequences for sexual selection. Evolution: international ... functions and may be the most biologically relevant source of phenotypic and genetic variation in mate-choice behavior. To test ... Variation among females in mate choice may influence evolution by sexual selection. The genetic basis of this variation is of ...
more infohttps://researchonline.jcu.edu.au/13201/

Measuring Learning Styles with Questionnaires Versus Direct Observation of Preferential Choice Behavior in Authentic Learning...Measuring Learning Styles with Questionnaires Versus Direct Observation of Preferential Choice Behavior in Authentic Learning...

The results indicate that the direct observation of students preferential choice behavior is a promising alternative to ... The results indicate that the direct observation of students preferential choice behavior is a promising alternative to ... The results indicate that the direct observation of students preferential choice behavior is a promising alternative to ... The results indicate that the direct observation of students preferential choice behavior is a promising alternative to ...
more infohttps://nyu-staging.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/measuring-learning-styles-with-questionnaires-versus-direct-obser

Cross-Species Analysis of Adaptive Choice | Learning & Adaptive Behavior Laboratory at Reed CollegeCross-Species Analysis of Adaptive Choice | Learning & Adaptive Behavior Laboratory at Reed College

How are such choices affected by energy budget, or income? Does it matter if the choices are framed as involving gains (e.g., ... under what conditions might verbal-hypothetical choices serve as an adequate substitute for choices with actual outcomes? ... Risky Choice. Under what conditions do people and other animals prefer a certain payoff (e.g., a single morsel of food, a $50 ... Cross-Species Analysis of Adaptive Choice. How do people and other animals make decisions about different courses of action? ...
more infohttps://www.reed.edu/psychology/adaptive-behavior/projects/adaptive-choice.html
  • Jinzi Zheng, Jun Liu, and David B. Clarke, "Ticket Fare Optimization for China's High-Speed Railway Based on Passenger Choice Behavior," Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , vol. 2017, Article ID 6237642, 6 pages, 2017. (hindawi.com)
  • I will analyze if the neural circuit expressing this gene is necessary and sufficient for the choice for metabolizable sugars, and how the dynamics of glucosensation in these neurons modulate food choice behavior. (grantome.com)
  • This this the first proof of concept that flash behavior hinders subsequent detection, an idea floated for decades but never tested. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The goals of this dissertation were to conduct detailed analyses of behavior in transition in response to changes in reinforcement contingencies by using mixed concurrent Random Interval-Random Interval (conc RI RI) schedules of reinforcement and to examine the effects of d-amphetamine on behavior in transition. (auburn.edu)
  • Finally, I will conduct two targeted genetic screens: one to identify other genes involved downstream of glucosensing in dSGLT neurons and the other to identify the neuropeptides and neuropeptide circuits downstream of SGLT neurons that mediate the effector mechanisms ultimately regulating food choice. (grantome.com)
  • Here, we find that corticostriatal inputs from whisker-related primary somatosensory (S1) and motor (M1) cortex differentially innervate projection neurons and interneurons in the dorsal striatum and exert opposing effects on sensory-guided behavior. (qxmd.com)
  • Evolution of mate choice behavior and its cognitive mechanism. (nii.ac.jp)
  • b) Human study : We investigate human mate choice behavior through literature. (nii.ac.jp)
  • In two experiments, we investigated the mate choice behavior of female Japanese quail toward taxidermically-prepared male models. (uky.edu)
  • The findings suggest that female quail may utilize static, species-specific features of male conspecifics in mate choice. (uky.edu)
  • Variation among females in mate choice may influence evolution by sexual selection. (edu.au)
  • Variation in responsiveness appears to mask variation in discrimination and some preference functions and may be the most biologically relevant source of phenotypic and genetic variation in mate-choice behavior. (edu.au)
  • To test the potential evolutionary importance of the phenotypic variation in mate choice that we report, we estimated the opportunity for and the intensity of sexual selection under models of mate choice that excluded and that incorporated individual female variation. (edu.au)
  • Incorporating individual variation in mate choice generally did not predict the outcome of sexual selection any better than models that ignored such variation. (edu.au)
  • Today's podcast, EXPLORING NATURE, deals with female mate choice in the context of evolutionary biology. (blogspot.com)
  • In his book, Social Evolution , biologist Robert Trivers pointed out that female choice "is not just a matter of permitting sex. (blogspot.com)
  • We will also look at the possible sustainable solutions for several accut issues: the demands of the growing human population, the role of nutrition, and the need to understand food choices in order to have healthier diet and consider the possibilities of alternative foods. (coursera.org)
  • However, these efforts alone will not lead to healthier food choices. (coursera.org)
  • 3 ) demonstrate that aberrant choice behavior-that is, choosing alcohol over an alternative reward-is a key driver for the transition from controlled to compulsive alcohol use. (sciencemag.org)
  • Furthermore, how signals from both metabolic (to replenish energy) and hedonic (for reward) feeding circuits are integrated to regulate food intake and food choice remain unclear. (grantome.com)
  • How are such choices affected by the nature of the reward-primary (hedonic) versus secondary (symbolic) rewards? (reed.edu)
  • How are such choices affected by the magnitude (size) of the reward? (reed.edu)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Choice behavior. (who.int)
  • Our findings suggest that the entorhinal cortex is critical for scene-dependent mnemonic behavior, and the response modality may interact with a sensory modality to determine the involvement of the LEC and MEC in scene-based memory tasks. (elifesciences.org)
  • Reaction time, or latency, is composed of more than the simple sum of times of for sensory input and motor output, and it is this extra time that reflects the time taken for the brain to choose a response. (frontiersin.org)
  • My adult book, SEXUAL STRATEGIES: HOW FEMALES CHOOSE THEIR MATES, has an updated edition through the Authors Guild Back in Print program with iUniverse.com. (blogspot.com)
  • She also contributes articles on human nature and sexual behavior through Japanese newspapers and magazines. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Or, better yet, he could have drawn the important distinction between sexual urges and sexual behavior , and pointed out that, whatever causes the former, the latter is always a choice. (theblaze.com)
  • For female choice to be meaningful in evolutionary terms, it must also be adaptive. (blogspot.com)
  • Two distinct approaches to model consumer post-choice processes have been attempted. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Such an accumulator model approach to neural decision-making has been applied to many important features of decision behavior, yet there is still much to be explained. (frontiersin.org)
  • For humans, under what conditions might verbal-hypothetical choices serve as an adequate substitute for choices with actual outcomes? (reed.edu)
  • healthy eating is not automatically translated into actual healthy eating behaviors. (coursera.org)
  • METHODS: Studies were selected if (1) they were randomized controlled trials conducted between January 1, 2000, and March 30, 2010, (2) participants in one arm underwent a prescreening intervention aimed at improving informed choice, and (3) informed choice was the primary outcome. (isharonline.org)
  • a) Peafowl study : Field study of peafowl mating behavior was conducted in Izu Cactus Park, Shizuoka Prefecture. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Lifestyle brands operate off the idea that each individual has an identity based on their choices, experiences, and background (e.g. ethnicity, social class, subculture, nationality, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • But rather than make his case by bringing up the sex habits of inmates (not a good example at all, considering much of the sex in prison is about power and dominance, not to mention a lot of these guys aren't given a choice in the matter), he could have brought up the myriad of identical twins studies that show gays were not "born that way. (theblaze.com)
  • They also provide a mechanistic understanding of this aberrant choice behavior that could lead to new treatment opportunities. (sciencemag.org)
  • Patients suffering from alcohol dependence no longer have the freedom to choose between alternative rewards because alcohol drinking dictates what should be done next, namely, shaping activities for the next drink. (sciencemag.org)
  • Private choices and public health : the AIDS epidemic in an economic perspective / Thomas J. Philipson and Richard A. Posner. (who.int)
  • Does it matter if the choices are framed as involving gains (e.g., income added) versus losses (e.g., income removed)? (reed.edu)
  • The lack of specific molecular and neurochemical markers to identify subsets of glucosensing cells, and the absence of exhaustive studies, from behavior to physiology, has hindered our understanding on the role of glucosensing neurons in feeding and homeostasis. (grantome.com)